Princeton Magazine, Fall/Winter 2021

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EDITOR Laurie Pellichero CONTRIBUTING EDITORS Ilene Dube Donald Gilpin Wendy Greenberg Anne Levin Stuart Mitchner Donald H. Sanborn III William Uhl ADVERTISING DIRECTOR Charles R. Plohn ACCOUNT MANAGERS Jennifer Covill Joann Cella ADVERTISING OPPORTUNITIES 609.924.5400 Media Kit available on SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATION 609.924.5400 ext. 30 PRINCETON MAGAZINE Witherspoon Media Group 4438 Route 27 North Kingston, NJ 08528-0125 P: 609.924.5400 | F: 609.924.8818

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14 Gillian Velmer at her senior recital at Westminster Choir College.




Diane Brock, certified medical assistant, and Ashley Ferrante, RN, from The Pediatric Group, with Jay Bharat Rana.

Princeton University Carillonneur Lisa Lonie.






Now’s the perfect time to tour the covered bridges of Bucks County

Princeton University Carillonneur Lisa Lonie 60





Where words fail, music speaks


A simple update that can make a big impact






Snow Days: Russian literature in winter


(And a delicious coping mechanism) 36





An appreciation 46

ON THE COVER: A festive front door in a striking color welcomes guests and can reflect the personality of the people who live there. (Olga Ponomarenko/








| FROM THE PUBLISHER Season’s greetings to you all and welcome to our Fall/Winter Holiday issue. Last week a man stopped me on Nassau Street and complimented me on our magazine, saying, “It gets better and better with every issue. My wife won’t put it down until she’s read every page!” I relate this story to you because what Editor-in-Chief Lynn Adams Smith, Editor Laurie Pellichero, and Art Director Jeffrey Tryon have put together for you makes it one of those “best yet” issues to add to that ever-improving line. Beyond the editorial content, also look at the quality of the advertisers and their messages. You can make their efforts worthwhile with some local holiday shopping this season. Our welcoming cover with a festive front door is a good place to begin this letter. It sets the tone for Laurie Pellichero’s story about front door colors and what they can do for your house and what they say about you. Red is a big welcome, dark blue can be a retreat into privacy, and there is a spectrum of possibilities in between. The evening after I read this story, I happened to have dinner with a gentleman who collected images of front doors as he traveled around the world. He put them into a collage and was having jigsaw puzzles of the collage made in China for all his friends. Perhaps Charles Plohn and Jeffrey Tryon, who photographed all the doors, will have a puzzle of “Princeton Doors” for us next Christmas. A door is a portal to a home, but did you ever think of a covered bridge as a portal to the past? Writer Ilene Dube did, and her story is enhanced by photography by Josh Friedman that captures the amazing beauty of the covered bridges all over Bucks County. Now is the perfect time to spend a day touring Bucks and seeing a few of these remarkable bridges. A little shopping in Bucks is also a good idea, given the season. Speaking of seasons, ’tis the season for music to play out of every theater in town. But music on the golf course, coming out of a Gothic tower? Must be ghosts! No, it’s actually Lisa Lonie playing the 67 bells in the carillon hidden in Cleveland Tower at the University’s Graduate College. Writer Donald Sanborn will take you to the top of the tower to meet Lisa and see how she makes her beautiful music. What will amaze you is the physical stamina and phenomenal timing it takes to get those bells to ring like a choir would sing. Now, just imagine a choir made up of people who can hardly speak because they suffer from aphasia, a language disorder that can develop after a stroke or a brain injury. Add to that the fact that these people are on five continents and the one thing that they want to do is sing — together. Join them with a New Jersey speech pathologist, a Florida music therapist, and Louis Armstrong’s famous song, “What a Wonderful World,” and you end up with writer Anne Levin’s amazing story about 55 speechchallenged people located all over the world and singing — together! Now, that’s a wonderful world! Here’s another wonderful world: making and baking bread. Writer Wendy Greenberg analyzes “How Bread Became a Rising Star,” especially during the confinement of the COVID-19 pandemic. What I found very interesting was that the kneading of the dough has therapeutic value as a wonderful coping mechanism 12




Dear Princeton Magazine Readers,

in a period of crisis. You should see yours truly trying to knead pizza dough — I create my own personal crisis! As we come to closing the book on this difficult year and, hopefully, closing the door on COVID-19 for good, it seemed appropriate to celebrate those many nurses who have risked their own health daily to help those afflicted with this terrible disease. Our writer Donald Gilpin teamed up with photographer Weronika Plohn to bring you their stories and the environments they work in. What we write for you is only a fraction of the actual turmoil that they have had to work through. Thank goodness those professionals on our pages made it through. On a more relaxed side of our editorial offerings, please visit Stuart Mitchner’s Book Scene where he covers Russian literature in winter including the classic Doctor Zhivago. Also enjoy Lynn Adams Smith’s beautiful pages on A Well-Designed Life. Lynn and I and the entire team at Princeton Magazine wish you and yours the best for this holiday season and the new year ahead. We thank you for your support of the magazine and also your support of our advertisers, without whom there would be no Princeton Magazine. Respectfully yours,

J. Robert Hillier, Lh.D., FAIA Publisher

Cheers to the incredible staff at Princeton Windrows

As we approach the New Year, the residents of Princeton Windrows want to celebrate our exceptionally talented and dedicated staff. Their hard work and service to this community keep all of us thriving. We are consistently amazed by the performance of every member of our staff, from senior management to front desk attendants who know all of us by name and greet everyone with a smile, to the housekeeping, culinary, and facilities teams who keep our community running smoothly. Our professionally trained employees are always striving to improve the lives of our residents. We acknowledge and congratulate our staff members and thank them for being true pillars of this community. Despite another year filled with unparalleled challenges, they have exceeded our expectations every step of the way. We thank them for bringing a smile to everyone at Princeton Windrows every single day.

Here’s to our staff!

The joy of living at Princeton Windrows is made possible by our supportive, enthusiastic, and committed staff members. They ensure that every day here is truly…

A resident-owned and managed 55-plus independent living condominium community Princeton Windrows Realty, LLC | 2000 Windrow Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540 609.520.3700 | | All homes are located in Plainsboro Township.

van sandt covered bridge 14 |


Portals to the Past Now’s the Perfect Time to Tour the Covered Bridges of Bucks County By Ilene Dube Photography by Josh Friedman


ne of my favorite places for bicycling is on the Pennsylvania side of the Delaware River, along the towpath from Uhlerstown to Lumberville. We usually park at Bull’s Island, cycle up to Frenchtown, then cross the river, pass the iris fields, and reach the Uhlerstown Covered Bridge. This magnificent barn-red wooden structure with windows, about 100 feet long and a century and a half old, spans the canal – in fact it’s the only covered bridge that crosses the Delaware & Raritan Canal. Every time I approach, I feel as if I’ve taken a step back in time, to some idyllic era. My very own Brigadoon. The Uhlerstown Covered Bridge received a recent facelift, thanks to a $2.5 million Bucks County expenditure to repair seven of its bridges. The bridge has been a subject for many an artist and photographer, including Josh Friedman of Yardley, Pennsylvania, whose photographs you see on these pages and are available as prints from his Etsy site. Friedman, who is also a psychotherapist, points his lens at bridges of all types, among other picturesque subjects. FALL/WINTER 2021 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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uhlerstown covered bridge Bucks County, Pennsylvania, has 12 covered bridges, compared to two in all of New Jersey, only one of which is historic. (Green Sergeant’s Covered Bridge over the Wickecheoke Creek in Delaware Township, built in 1872, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.) In fact, Pennsylvania has more covered bridges than any other state. Pennsylvania once boasted 1,500 covered bridges, historically known as “kissing” or “wishing” bridges because

the shaded passages were ideally suited for such activities. With family visiting for the holidays, there couldn’t be a better time to tour these nearby tunnels to the past. The Bucks County Covered Bridge Society website is a good place to start. The organization exists to preserve, protect, and promote the care of Bucks County’s historic covered bridges. At one time there were 50 bridges in the county, but many were lost due to flooding, neglect, development, and arson. The site offers a full description, history, and directions to all 12 bridges. The first known covered bridge in the U.S. was built in 1800 over the Schuylkill River at 30th Street in Philadelphia. The second known covered bridge in the nation was the Lower Trenton, or Decatur Street, Covered Bridge built in 1806 and connecting Trenton to Morrisville, Pennsylvania. In 1824, the Marquis de Lafayette took part in a parade on the bridge in his honor. Covered bridges represent a transition from stone to cast-iron

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bridges, and were developed as a way to extend the life of the bridge by protecting the side supporting timbers from exposure to the weather, lowering maintenance costs. They became popular in Pennsylvania in the early 1800s as a way to drive livestock safely across small bodies of water, and were made to look like barns, according to legend, so that the animals would feel at home. What sets the 12 Bucks County covered bridges apart is that they were built using Town’s Lattice Truss, named for Connecticut architect Ithiel Town. He patented the design in 1820, in which lattice-type beams were built in crosses of overlapping triangles. In the 1870s, Bucks County added a second wave of covered bridges in mostly rural locations. By 1919, the county maintained at least 38 covered bridges. During their existence, the long wooden bridges over the Delaware River faced threats from historic floods in 1842 and 1862. Starting in 1921, the state demolished covered bridges in Holland, Kintnersville, New Britain, and Lower Southampton as part of road-improvement efforts, replacing them with cement or steel structures. In 1929, state lawmakers granted control of all bridges on county roads to the state Department of Highways. Road crews

knecht’s covered bridge

schofield ford covered bridge

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Moving the South Perkasie Covered Bridge in 1958. (

South Perkasie Covered Bridge at its current location. (Wikimedia Commons)

The abutments of the South Perkasie Covered Bridge in 1958. (

demolished another 16 covered bridges during the following decade. The Lower Trenton Covered Bridge was the first to be replaced with a metal structure. By 1945, the Lumberville covered bridge was declared unsafe and closed, ending the Delaware River covered bridge era in Bucks County. The Mercer Museum at Fonthill Castle offers even more information on the history of the bridges, including those lost to time. It is there one can learn that the South Perkasie Covered Bridge is the oldest covered bridge in Bucks County, and it is the third-oldest Town lattice bridge in the U.S. It was nearly demolished 1958. Spanning the Pleasant Spring Creek that connected a mill with nearby villages, the South Perkasie Covered Bridge was at one time the focal point of a village called Bridgetown (Perkasie Borough annexed the village in 1898). But by 1939, Perkasie residents were complaining about the condition of three stateand county-owned covered bridges in their area and questioning county officials over the potential removal of the South Perkasie Covered Bridge. In 1956, Perkasie Borough asked the Bucks

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County commissioners to remove the South Perkasie Covered Bridge as a traffic hazard, and in 1957 the commissioners condemned the bridge. Soon after the announcement, the Perkasie Historical Society lead an effort to move the covered bridge to nearby Lenape Park, where it remains as a living museum. The move generated significant publicity about covered bridge preservation. Frankenfield Covered Bridge in Tinicum Township is one of the most remote Bucks County covered bridges. During the 1970s, county and local officials debated the best course of action for the bridge, which was noticeably leaning. While there was some discussion of closing the bridge to traffic and keeping it as a walking bridge, the county was able to fund a $170,000 renovation project in 1977 that added steel beams under the bridge’s floor. At least two of the covered bridges are pedestrian only: the South Perkasie Covered Bridge in Lenape Park, Perkasie, and Schofield Ford Covered Bridge which sits in Tyler State Park in Newtown. One can imagine a future of covered bridges adaptively reused as art galleries, restaurants, even shelters.

Plaque at the South Perkasie Covered Bridge. (Wikimedia Commons)

Additional Resources: Author and historian Scott Bomboy and the Mercer Museum & Fonthill Castle in Doylestown, Pennsylvania, have produced the first complete digital history of Bucks County’s covered bridges with more than 100 historical images related to the lost bridges at The Bucks County Covered Bridge Society has a downloadable driving tour map of the 12 existing bridge at and

van sandt covered bridge

frankenfield covered bridge fall/winter 2021 PrinCetOn MaGaZine

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CHOOSING THE PERFECT FRONT DOOR COLOR A Simple Update That Can Make a Big Impact By Laurie Pellichero Photography by Charles R. Plohn and Jeffrey E. Tryon

Royal blue, lime green, deep red, bright coral, or perhaps a shiny black. The right front door color can do much more than just create a great first impression for your home — it can also help boost its value. Princeton is filled with beautiful and striking front doors in an array of colors, all adding to the appeal of the homes. According to a recent article in The Washington Post, curb appeal sets the tone for your home, and the entryway specifically helps to establish the mood, since it is the focal point of the exterior. The front door can reflect the personality of the people who live there, and telegraph to the world who they are.


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While there are many popular front door colors, notes that, “the best front door paint color for your house will depend on a variety of factors. Some of these include the architectural design of your home, your personal taste, and the color of your house.” The website points out that if you want to make your home look modern and sleek, front door colors such as black, lime, turquoise, eggplant, taxi yellow, and bright orange are recommended by designers for non-traditional homes. Some of the best front door colors for traditional houses include jet black, classic red, slate blue, emerald green, dark gray, and pure white. If you have a brick home, it is important to consider the tone of your brick to avoid clashing or more blending than you might like. Colors that go well with multiple shades of red brick include sage, black, navy, and light gray. It’s also been said that some people associate characteristics with front door colors. Black might mean that you appreciate order, control, and simple elegance. Pink says that you are romantic, happy, and generous, and red says you are welcoming and enjoy attention. Orange means you like to entertain and enjoy a good challenge, while yellow indicates that you are logical, positive, and creative. With green, you value tradition and are ambitious, and blue says you enjoy peace and value truth. notes that, in the principles of feng shui, your front door is one of the most

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important areas of the home and represents the face that you show to the world. It sets the tone for you and your visitors when entering the home, and it’s also the last thing you see when you leave your home to go out into the world.

According to feng shui, red, which enhances the fire element, makes a bold statement and is a good color to use if you want to get noticed. Black absorbs, attracts, and brings in positive energy. A brown door is perfect for connecting to the stability of the earth. Also connected to the earth element, yellow is a bright, fun color for a front door. Green is connected to the wood element, related to new beginnings and growth.

White represents cleanliness and purity, while blue represents knowledge and self-cultivation. A color wheel can also be helpful when choosing a front door color. Found online, this tool shows the relationship between colors. For a monochromatic style, you can pick several shades of the same color. For a light contrast, select a door color about three shades away from the color of your home. And for complementary colors, choose colors on the opposite side of the wheel. As for boosting the value of your home, residential specialist Beatrice Bloom of Weichert Realtors, Princeton says, “The front door is the ultimate first impression and sets the stage for curb appeal. Painting the front door a classic glossy black can also boost a home’s resale value — by as much as $6,000 according to some estimates. You also can’t go wrong with classic front door colors such as deep red, slate blue, and dark green. We’re also seeing turquoise, corals, and lime greens brighten the front door in contemporary homes.” Donna M. Murray, founding agent of Compass RE Princeton, says that, “The front door starts the showing experience for the buyer. Color and condition also play a factor for the buyer’s initial thought process. Within the first 3-5 seconds of walking through the front door, a buyer knows if the home is for them or not, so make sure the front door is a color that complements the landscaping, which boosts the curb appeal and also boosts the value.”

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“Front door colors can show off the personality of the home and are an attractive and inviting way to attract buyers,” says Murray. “A red door color is popular for brick or stucco homes. Bright turquoise, yellow, and pink capture attention in a contemporary house. Popular shades for traditional homes are deep blue, dark gray, and sage green. A black door is most popular with any style home and wins the prize for the color on most doors.” Heidi A. Hartmann, sales associate with Coldwell Banker Realty Princeton, says front

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door colors “sometimes can make a statement about the owner if it’s not a traditional color for Princeton. Most homeowners like to match or contrast the color of their shutters and trim — so the door color is determined based upon those parameters. However, some door colors can give a fun or whimsical look to your home and, depending on if you’re selling or not, could hurt or enhance the sale.” “Most people opt for classic black, white, or red doors — they are safe for resale, with red and black giving the most bang for curb appeal

and for photography,” continues Hartmann. “Fun colors could be lime green, orange, or cobalt blue. It all depends on what statement you want to project to your neighbors and visitors.” According to, semi-gloss paints are ideal for front doors. Regardless of color, they are more durable and easier to keep clean than flat sheens. Picking the perfect front door color can create a unique look and make a big impression, and the possibilities are endless. So have fun and choose what speaks to you.


the heartPrinceton, of downtown few blocks fro In the heart of In downtown a few Princeton, blocks froma Princeton Unive a century home with a spacious modern open flo a century old home with aold spacious modern open floor plan. Architect spectacular detail toand both traditional and modern amen spectacular detail to both traditional modern amenities. The renovatio $1,450,000 $4,700 per month $1,450,000 updated for today’s lifestyle. staircase and mo updated for$875,000 today’s lifestyle. Custom staircase and mouldings, pocket do “Refl ecting on what trulyCustom matters, MORE PHOTOS ANDand FLOOR PLAN, VISIT 15LINDE an intimate family space and an entertainer’s dream true. dream anFOR intimate family space an entertainer’s co $999,000 $1,100 $1,10 this year I am immensely grateful PRINCETON The spacious to entrance hall opens into the room with tin ce The spacious entrance hallfamily opens into the original family room all of my wonderful family and 15LINDENLANE.INFO appliances, and enormous island theisland light-f Instainless-steel the heart of downtown Princeton,pantry a few blocks from Princeton University, sits a stunning homeo E.INFO stainless-steel appliances, pantry andoverlooks enormous aopens century to old a home with adining spacious modern open floorand plan. a Architect Kirsten Thoft remodeled an friends, colleagues clients. formal room that overlooks wraparound porch. The cu opens to a formal dining room that overlooks a wrapar spectacular detail to both traditional and modern amenities. The renovations spare no expense ca FORtoMO



outdoor entertainment space. A separate mudroom with cubbies ane $1,649,000 updated for today’s lifestyle. Custom staircase and mouldings, pocket doors,built-in hardwood floors, and outdoor entertainment space. A separate mudroom with an intimate family and an entertainer’s come true. PRINCETON unning home thatspace combines the charm dream and appeal of PRINCETON

Heartfelt wishes to all for a safe and healthy holiday season and new year.”

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(And a Delicious Coping Mechanism) By Wendy Greenberg Photography by Jeffrey E. Tryon

Photo courtesy of

Bread maker Denis Granarolo imparts his experience and knowledge to a Mercer Community Community College culinary arts student in a class held at Terra Momo Bread Company in Princeton.

enis Granarolo arrives for work at Terra Momo Bread Company in Princeton when the usually-bustling Witherspoon Street is empty and dark. He goes home when everyone else is beginning to stir. The veteran baker is rarely seen. The bread is the star. “I like bread because it is alive,” Granarolo says, leaning on the bench, or prep table, in the back of the retail space, a comfort spot like others’ living room chairs. Although making bread from scratch every day is a job — a job he does well — he found himself baking bread at home when the store was closed last year during the pandemic. “Even if you have nothing else, you have a piece of bread,” he says. Bread takes time, he emphasizes, and he is concerned that others want to rush. “If there are too many shortcuts, the bread is bad,” he says. Granarolo imparted this basic wisdom to Mercer County Community College students who attended a class at the bakery this fall. The culinary arts students aspire to be professional chefs or bakers, but Granarolo just hopes to infuse in them a respect for the process of baking bread. The four-hour class doesn’t really allow enough time to pace the bread baking, but they make do

and have turned out delicious challah, baguettes, croissants, pullman loaves, and, recently, jalapeno cheese bread and cinnamon raisin bread. His own favorite? Baguettes, hands down.

Bread - It’s alIve The pandemic has kindled many new interests and reinvigorated dormant passions, including bread baking. (You may have seen loaf after loaf on Instagram.) It may be the result of avoiding supermarkets or spending hours at home, but the wellness benefits of baking may have prolonged the enthusiasm. When Princeton Magazine featured local cookbook authors last summer, LiLLiPiES’ Jen Carson observed that “during the pandemic, everyone wanted to bake. Who would have guessed that everyone would want to learn to make sourdough bread in 2020?” But they did. And they didn’t only want to make sourdough bread, but whole wheat bread, rye bread, pumpernickel, and breads with added raisins, caraway seeds, or perhaps cranberries. What a delicious coping mechanism. Carson explains her own love of the process. “For me, working with bread is both an exercise in meditation and an exercise in letting go,” she says. “The actual process of feeling the texture and temperature of the dough, smelling the

yeast, even hearing the slapping of the pre-shaped loaf on the bread bench is extremely satisfying to the senses. Shaping the dough into loaves is a repetitive movement that allows my mind to shift into a different place — similar to meditation.” Carson, like Granarolo, uses the term “alive.” Making bread, she says, “also pushes me — as a self-professed ‘control freak’ — to let go and allow the yeast to do its thing in its own time. Bread’s fermentation can’t always be slowed down or rushed to fit the schedule I want — but that is what bread is! It is, or at least the yeast is, alive until it is loaded into the oven. We can give the yeast the best environment and care we can, but can only control it to a degree. It is the ultimate exercise in letting go.”

Mental Wellness Reports of bread baking’s mental health benefits abound. Affirmations cite the upper body exercise of kneading and folding the dough, which releases mood-regulating chemicals in the brain, and the stress-reducing act of aggressively kneading the dough. Some bloggers say they turned in the past year to books like baker Ken Forkish’s 2012 Flour Water Salt Yeast: The Fundamentals of Artisan Bread and Pizza, which outlines his baking techniques using the title’s four ingredients. fall/winter 2021 PrinCetOn MaGaZine

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Bread shop, Tacuinum Sanitatis from Northern Italy, beginning of the 15th century. (Wikipedia)

A wall painting of an ancient Egyptian making bread. 5th Dynasty (2500-2350 BC). (

In general, the bread-making process is a regimen of mixing of dry ingredients, adding wet ingredients, forming the dough, letting it rest, folding and kneading it, rolling and forming the bread, letting it proof or rise, and baking it, finally letting our senses give in to the aroma, the texture, and the flavor. The feeling of empowerment that comes with baking seems to be related to its technological cousins, makerspaces, designed for the satisfaction of creation. In a recent broadcast of The Pulse, an NPR health and science program from WHYY Philadelphia, host Maiken Scott tackled this theme. She interviewed materials scientist Anna Ploszajski, whose book, Handmade: A Scientist’s Search for Meaning Through Making, explores the experience of “hands-on,” and the “surprising effect it seems to have on our well-being.” Scott also interviewed University of Southern California physicist Clifford Johnson, who discussed his hobby, baking, and his favorite part — kneading by hand. “There’s something rather meditative about that,” he said. He pointed out that the feedback is immediate, as opposed to using a connector, like a spoon or blender., a news website, reported on why so many people began making bread in 2020. Writer Erin Carson noted in “The Psychology of Stress Baking: Why So Many are Baking Bread in 2020” that she has witnessed her friends engaging in “stress baking,” and reported on how forcefully kneading made her feel better in general. She quoted Vaile Wright, senior director of the American Psychological Association: “It

38 |


engages just about your whole body: Your senses of touch, taste, and smell; your brain, which is required to follow a recipe; your muscles for kneading, shaping, rolling.” The phenomenon of working out stress by baking is not limited to the United States. The United Kingdom’s Wise Living Magazine reports that bread baking is being used as therapy in the Real Bread Campaign’s “Together We Rise:

Pita bread baking on a saj or tava on fire, close-up. Traditional arabic pita bread cooking on fire. (

Bethlem Baking Buddies” at England’s Royal Bethlem Hospital for resident mental health care patients. The therapy is based on the Real Bread Campaign’s 2013 report on social and therapeutic baking. One conclusion of the study is that kneading helps release tension. Wise Living concludes that baking bread stimulates the senses; is a great way to focus your mind; and can have a positive benefit on those around you, especially if they participate.

Bas-relief of a medieval bakery shop, detail of the historical “Goethals” mills building in the center of Ghent. (

Bread in History New home baker Larry Robinson, a manager at Terra Momo Restaurant Group, shares how he began to love baking bread in the last two years. When the company started 24 years ago, he had never baked and “didn’t understand the world of bread.” But during the pandemic Robinson himself baked a loaf a day, to supply his family. “It required my undivided attention,” he says. “A love affair began. It’s hard to explain.” A love affair with bread is not new. Bread has been a staple in books since the Bible, which cites bread as a gift from God, as a spiritual and physical provision. Bread has turned up in literature, history, and theater — after all, theft of bread prompts the action in Victor Hugo’s Les Misérables. Bread has a history almost as long as civilization itself. The late Lynne Olver, a New Jersey food historian who was director at the Morris County Library, launched a food timeline in 1999. (Virginia Tech University’s Special Collections and University Archives is in the process of overseeing it, plus her collection of 2,300 food-related books.) Her straightforward and well-referenced timeline traces the history of food for some 20,000 years ( Emmer grain (a type of farro, 17,000 BCE) and einkorn grain (a wild grain, 16,000 BCE), debut on the timeline just after rice and millet, after the first undated foods (salt, shellfish, bear, venison, and mushrooms). Flour and bread show

fall/winter 2021 PrinCetOn MaGaZine

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up around 10,000 BCE. The domestication of wheat in Mesopotamia is said to have instigated the end of a nomadic lifestyle and the forming of towns across Europe and Asia. Some of the earliest bread was made in or around 8,000 BCE in the Middle East, with the quern, an early grinding tool, according to the plethora of information about bread history on the timeline. According to the Oxford Companion to Food (Oxford University Press), wheat flour was made by grinding, accomplished with a pestle and mortar, dating around 10,000 BCE. The roots of flour are prehistoric and cross all cultures (except perhaps in the Arctic regions), and grains ranged from wheat, rye, oats, barley, buckwheat, millet, rice, and corn, depending upon the region. Flour also may have been made from starchy roots (potatoes), nuts (acorns), and legumes (peas). But wheat seems to have always been the grain of choice. The timeline shows that bread evolved according to ingredient availability, technological advances, economic conditions, and cultural influences. The earliest breads, which varied in grain, shape, and texture from culture to culture, were unleavened. Brewing and a warm climate likely produced the first sourdough, and soon wild yeast was added to the bread mixture. The Romans invented water milling around 450 BCE, and the Persians, by 600 BCE, developed a windmill system for milling grain.

Yeast as both a leavening agent and for brewing ale was first used in Egypt as early as 4,000 BCE, a date generally cited to mark the beginnings of leavened bread. The timeline tells us that scholars generally agree that the process of fermentation took place accidentally, according to the Cambridge World History of Food (Cambridge University Press).

Until the late 19th century, all bread was artisanal, according to Julia Moskin in the New York Times in March 2004. White bread made an appearance in the 1920s and took over in popularity in the next decades, until whole grains were again celebrated in the health food revival of the 1970s. In fact, Wonder Bread celebrates its 100th anniversary this year.

MoDern breaD

rising bakers

The science of bread is a longstanding science. Simply put, carbon dioxide helps bread rise. The yeast organisms expel carbon dioxide as they feed off sugars. As the dough rises and proofs, the volume increases because the carbon dioxide expands and moves while the bread is baking. The yeast also emits an ethanol byproduct. The yeast helps develop the gluten, which helps the bread’s texture. For optimum bread, some production can go from six to 24 hours. When bread slicing and wrapping machines were invented in the early 20th century, bread baking became industrialized. The milling process tended to discard some bran and wheat germ, which improved shelf life but removed nutrients. That process prompted the required adding of nutrients to white flour. Sociologists have noted that, for generations, white bread was considered the bread of the rich while the poor ate whole grain bread. Today, in most Western societies, that scenario has been reversed.

As bread evolved, Americans developed their own love affairs with the baking process. Now baking classes and books and online instruction abound. “We need more bakers. Not everyone can be a chef,” says Granarolo, who has been offering his expertise to rising bakers. As an instructor he continues a bread legacy from France, where he had two shops in the South of France and a bakery in Paris before deciding to move to the United States. When he met the Momo brothers (Raoul, Carlo, and Anthony), Princeton area restaurateurs, he started at the bakery, which was then the Witherspoon Bread Company. He has been there since 1998. Granarolo is focused more on the bread than biography. “Mix for 15 to 20 minutes, finish, fold, wait to do it again,” he tells the students. “You have to respect the process.”

Do you want to bake? Here is a recipe from LiLLiPiES’ Jen Carson, who says, in her cookbook, “If you’ve never made yeast bread before, this is the perfect place to start. Plus, your family will adore the aroma of freshly baked bread in your kitchen!”

Pain de Mie White Sandwich Bread Yield: Two 8 ½ -inch pan loaves Ingredients: 5 ½ cups all-purpose flour 1 ¾ cups cool water 1 tablespoon instant granulated yeast 2 tablespoons granulated sugar 2 teaspoons fine sea salt 4 tablespoons softened unsalted butter 2 tablespoons whole milk Directions: Combine all ingredients. Instant yeast can be mixed in as-is. If your yeast package is labeled “active dry,” stir in ¼ cup of the water from the recipe to dissolve the yeast before adding it to the mix. Mix and knead until a smooth dough forms and gluten is fully developed. This should take 15-20 minutes by hand, 7-10 minutes in an electric mixer (speed 2) with a dough hook attachment.

Use the “windowpane test” to check for gluten development. (For this test: Pull off a golf ball-sized piece of dough and stretch it between the sides of your thumbs and the edges of your pointer fingers. The dough should stretch and not tear and if held up to the light, be translucent — like a window). Place into lightly oiled bowl, cover with a clean towel, and allow to bulk ferment at room temperature for 1-1 ½ hours, or until doubled in bulk. Prepare your pans. Spray the bottom and sides of two 8 ½” x 4 ½” x 2 ½” load pans with cooking spray. After dough has risen and doubled in bulk, divide the dough into two equal pieces. Gently deflate the dough, then roll each piece into a tight log shape, 8 ½ inches long. Place the dough into the pans, seam sides down. Press the dough down gently into the pans. Cover the pans of dough with clean towels. Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Allow breads to proof in the pans 1-1 ½ more hours, until the sides of the dough crest the tops of the pans. This final proof time will depend on the warmth of your kitchen. If your kitchen is warmer, expect to only wait 1 hour. If your kitchen is chilly, the final proof could take 1 ½ hours, or more. It is important to wait until the dough reaches the tops of the pans before baking. Bake 35 minutes, or until quite golden (lower third of oven). Remove from pan as soon as possible and cool on a wire rack. (LiLLiPiES, the cookbook, with photos by Chiara Goldenstern and illustrations by Sofa Schreiber, is available at LiLLiPiES Bakery at the Princeton Shopping Center, Labyrinth Books, Homestead Princeton, and through

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(609) 921-8041

We now serve gluten-free pizza and pasta! 339 Witherspoon St, Princeton, NJ 08540

Music & Firepits at the Winery Saturday & Sunday (12-5pm, weather permitting) Firepits, Hot Mulled Wine, Live Music on Saturday & Sundays, S’mores & Hot cocoa kits, Fresh Air

Hours: Farm Open Daily 9 - 6, Sat. and Sun. 9 - 5 (609) 924-2310 • 42 |


Monday 11:30 a.m. - 9 p.m. Tuesday - Friday 11:30 a.m. - 10:30 p.m. Saturday 4 p.m. - 10:30 p.m. • Sunday 4 p.m. - 9 p.m.



Princeton: 354 Nassau Street (609) 683-9700

Crosswicks: 2 Crosswicks Chesterfield Road (609) 291-5525 Pennington: 7 Tree Farm Road (609) 303-0625

ift! lth g y a lo ida d he t h goo n! a e gr ift of easo a kes the g this s a M ive G

Do you want to avoid or get off of your medications for the New Year?

Aly Cohen, MD

Let’s see if we can do it safely and appropriately. Call for an appointment today.

Aly Cohen, MD, FACR Integrative Medicine Rheumatology Internal Medicine Environmental Health 601 Ewing Street, Suite B-1

Princeton, NJ 08540

(609) 436-7007 With 25 years of experience, 11 years of teaching background at Boston University and at PENN, and more “We Completethan Your Smile” 10,000 successful procedures performed, M. Ilhan is now Your Board Certified Periodontist and Implant Dr. Surgeon inUzel Princeton, serving the Princeton Community. Serving Central New Jersey communities for 5 years. Dr. M. Ilhan Uzel, D.M.D., D.Sc is the only Board Certified Periodontist in Princeton.

Some of the procedures done at our practice: • Dental Implants • Bone Grafting • Sinus Lift • Scaling and Root Planing (deep cleaning) • Gum Surgery for Gum Disease

Dr. M. Ilhan Uzel, D.M.D., D.Sc 44 |


Our family of oral health professionals is focused on your family. For your best-ever dental care experience: You’ll find the talented and outgoing team here at Princeton Center for Dental Aesthetics and Implants to be as welcoming and skilled as anyone could desire. We are deeply committed to ongoing training and refinement of our areas of expertise, backed by the latest technology for precise evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of your oral health needs. Working as a family, we bring a unified approach to every patient’s care, every time.

Leaders in meticulous cosmetic dentistry. Our special focus on dental veneers can give you the smile you’ve always wanted, free of discoloration, gaps, chips, cracks or other unsightly distractions. We also offer

a variety of tooth whitening methods including a two-hour procedure that can brighten your smile in time for sparkling holiday celebrations.

Implant experts for missing or broken teeth. Your best oral health requires replacement of teeth you have lost due to decay, trauma or other reasons. Years ago, that meant uncomfortable dentures or bridges that were awkward and often required replacement over time. Dental implants by PCDA&I provide a secure, stable, permanent solution that stimulates regeneration of the jawbone cells, just like your natural tooth root.

See for yourself.

Our dentists: Kirk Huckel, Kiersten Huckel (top right), and Shanni-Reine Mutch (top left).

Call us at 609-924-1414 to discuss your specific needs or concerns. Schedule a visit to our convenient and modern office in downtown Princeton, and you’ll feel like part of the PCDA&I family.

It’s time to get a check-up, before your dental insurance benefits expire. The end of the year is “chewing season.” Between family gatherings, holiday parties, and last-minute meals and treats, it’s a time when people are often rushed and your best oral self-care may be overlooked. It’s also a busy and festive time for everyone here at Princeton Center for Dental Aesthetics and Implants. We welcome your year-end visit as an opportunity to keep your teeth in tip-top shape while you take advantage of the dental insurance benefits to which you’re entitled.

No insurance? No problem! We serve the dental needs of a wide cross-section of the community. Every patient is thoroughly examined and receives a comprehensive treatment plan that identifies their oral health needs in order of priority. You will know what follow-ups are most important (if any), and the cost associated with your treatment at the time you schedule. Our goal is your best oral health and complete satisfaction.

Expert care in a friendly setting, every time. If you’ve never experienced our full-service, family oriented dental practice, you’re in for a pleasant surprise. From the front desk staff to our hygienists and dentists, you’ll meet a team of dedicated professionals focused on your wellness. Your visits will be timely, unrushed and diligent. It’s a different and better way to care for your family’s dental health.

Our best referral? Word of mouth. Don’t take our word for it. Search “Princeton Center for Dental Aesthetics and Implants” and you’ll find hundreds of five-star reviews from patients who say things like “I wish I found this dental practice sooner” and “this was the best experience I’ve ever had with a dentist.” We welcome your inquiries and look forward to meeting you soon.

Kirk D. Huckel DMD, FAGD • Kiersten Huckel DMD • Shanni Reine-Mutch DDS 609-924-1414 • • 11 Chambers Street, Princeton, NJ

“America’s nurses are the beating heart of our medical system.” —Barack Obama


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In a job that’s never been easy, nurses found themselves in March 2020 at the epicenter of a deadly pandemic, on the front lines in battling a mysterious new virus, COVID-19. For nurses, altruism and hard work are a way of life, every single day. Princeton Magazine asked several area nurses in different fields in a variety of settings and facilities around the area to share thoughts about themselves and how they have stayed positive in facing the challenges of their profession, especially during the pandemic. Caring, helping, teamwork, persevering, and touching people’s lives were themes that recurred over and over.

Ashley Ferrante, RN The Pediatric Group Ashley Ferrante has worked as a registered nurse at The Pediatric Group for 12 years. She is currently back in school to further her education and she plans to graduate with a bachelor’s degree in 2023. “I adore working with kids,” says Ferrante. “It is rewarding to provide them with medical care and watch them grow from birth to adolescence. “Juggling family, school, work, and dealing with the anxiety of COVID can be highly stressful. I stay positive by spending my free time with family and friends. Devoting time to my garden and hiking in the woods with my fiancé and six rescue dogs are some of my favorite ways to relieve stress.”

Diane Brock, Certified Medical Assistant The Pediatric Group Diane Brock grew up in South Jersey and now lives in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, with her two daughters and their dog. She has worked at The Pediatric Group in Princeton since 2017 and is currently also a nursing student at Bucks County Community College. “The last year has definitely been full of changes, making life in health care more stressful,” says Brock. “When I think I’ve reached my limit, I try to remember my purpose. I try to remember why I wanted to become a nurse in the first place. That reason is because I love helping others and I am so grateful I am able to do it every day. “Having the support of my co-workers at The Pediatric Group has played such an important role in being able to go back to school. They have helped me grow as a health care professional and I plan to continue my journey with them.”

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Keisha Pinkney, Unit Manager Morris Hall Keisha Pinkney has been a nurse for 15 years, and 10 ½ of those years have been spent at Morris Hall as the unit manager of SJ first floor. “During those years I have worked very hard in whatever capacity necessary to ensure that Morris Hall feels like home to the people who live here,” says Pinkney. “It is very important to me that each of them feels important here and that their needs are met with kindness and compassion. “Working with the same group of staff and residents for all those years created a bond that during COVID made us stronger. That bond and familiarity motivated us during COVID when there was a general feeling of uncertainty and fear of the unknown. “When COVID touched our building, after our initial ‘oh no!’ we got busy and approached each person for who they were and went from there. It was that personal relationship with each of them that motivated me through the darkest days of COVID. For those who responded well to the treatment plan, we are still loving those guys up today, and for those who succumbed to COVID we loved them all the way through their journey. Don’t get me wrong, it was tough. I mean it was really hard a lot of days, but we are still here!”

Barbara Blair, RN, DON Morris Hall Barbara Blair is a registered nurse and the director of nursing at Morris Hall Senior Care Communities in Lawrenceville. Her nursing practice started as a second career and as an older adult after a prior career outside of health care. “I chose nursing because I wanted to be able to raise my family and live comfortably while also making a difference in people’s lives,” says Blair. “I had a family member who was a nurse who continually progressed in her nursing education. I admired her accomplishments and I have always too had a deep desire to learn and grow. “Staying positive in these challenging health care times can be quite difficult for nurses. I find it important to find time for self-care, family time, and friendships. Making time to relax and get away from the busy, hectic work schedule is critical to de-stress and rejuvenate, allowing me to give 110 percent in my nursing practice when I return. Planning ahead and calendar use is helpful to schedule leisure time away and I also look forward to those times and events.”

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Unit Manager Keisha Pinkney with Clinical Dietitian Rupa Lakshmikanthan.

Greg Powers, RN, Cardiac Step-Down Unit St. Francis Medical Center “So many have asked me, ‘How long have you wanted to be a nurse?’ says Powers. “The answer often surprises them. My journey into nursing was a personal challenge to tackle something difficult as I approached 60 years old. After spending eight years as an advanced life-support paramedic, I embarked on a 20-year career in the construction industry as a masonry contractor. There was a growing desire in my heart to live my life not just for myself, but to somehow be able to give back to others. “So began my altruistic journey. I knew nursing was one of the hardest curriculums in college. I was a bit nervous at first. What if I began and was not able to finish? Would I have the stamina? Graduating from Mercer County Community College’s Nursing Program, for me, was equivalent to scaling the highest mountain. The endurance and dedication required was almost indescribable. With the help of my professors, I was able to graduate and pass my NCLEX exam. A week after I passed my nursing boards, I turned 60. Remember this story, it’s never too late! “Staying positive during these trying times being a nurse boils down to one thing. Nursing is not about me. Nursing is about caring for patients who need help. Families who need support during trying times. Nursing is about advocating for those in need. The sacrifice we make as nurses is a personal choice. As Florence Nightingale once said, ‘Live life when you have it. Life is a splendid gift — there is nothing small about it.’”

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Bridget (Molly) Velez, RN Princeton House Behavioral Health, Penn Medicine Princeton Health Molly Velez has worked at Princeton House Behavioral Health as an RN for the last 10 years. She was born and raised at the Jersey Shore and currently resides in the Princeton area. She received her BSN from Radford University, Radford, Virginia, in 2010. In her spare time she enjoys spending time shopping and gardening and being with her family, friends, and her dog Charlie. “It has been a rough year and a half for everyone, especially essential and health care workers,” says Velez. “Now more than ever, we rely on each other and our teamwork to keep us going. I think what has really helped us through these difficult times is our ability to keep things light-hearted, not only for us, but for our patients. Smiling, laughing, and looking on the bright side.”

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Jennifer Mahony, RN Assistant Nurse Manager, Neuroscience Capital Health Regional Medical Center Jennifer Mahony has been a registered nurse at Capital Health for almost 13 years in various roles. After graduating with her associate degree in nursing from Mercer County Community College, she worked on the Oncology/Urology Unit and Critical Care Unit at a local community hospital before joining Capital Health when its Capital Institute for Neurosciences opened its Neuro Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in 2008. After spending two years in the float pool, Mahony settled back into the Neuro ICU and transitioned to the role of assistant nurse manager in 2016. She is currently enrolled in the Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) program at The College of New Jersey. “When our overflow unit became the initial COVID-19 floor at Capital Health, the nursing staff was frightened,” says Mahony. “The management and our clinical nurse specialist tried to constantly be on the floor with the nurses to educate them on the new guidelines and policies that were changing every day. Communication and support were what I focused on for the nursing staff initially to try to allay some fears. “As the first two months went by, the patients kept pouring in and they were all so sick. It was something like we had never seen before. We were all exhausted, but banded together and worked and worked. We went into work early, went home very late, and came in on our days off. I remember driving home and crying for the nurses and the patients and their families. I would call my father, also a nurse, and tell him about what I was seeing. It seemed unreal to him because living in Tennessee, they were not yet touched by COVID-19.” “A positive attitude and energy is what I focused on because I believe in the profession of nursing,” she adds. “Nothing I do at work is about me. It is about being positive and being a voice for the patients, families, and the nurses.”

Elise Carasio, RN, BSN-BC Medical Surgery Oncology Capital Health Medical Center – Hopewell Elise Carasio has been a registered nurse at Capital Health for four years. Prior to her seven years of nursing experience, she earned her Bachelor of Science degree in biology from Ramapo College as well as her Bachelor of Science degree in nursing from Kean University. She then worked in outpatient primary care, where she practiced everything from pediatric to geriatric care, before making her home at Capital Health where she works on the medical surgery oncology floor (6M) as a chemo certified nurse. “Though I worked with infectious diseases in the past, the outbreak of COVID-19 proved to be quite the challenge,” says Carasio. “The numbers were overwhelming, and the hours were long, but through sheer determination, and with the help of my coworkers, we persevered and did whatever we could to help our patients. “I attribute my positive attitude in the face of this pandemic to the team of doctors, nurses, and techs who kept each other going, despite hardship, to put their patients first and provide the care that they needed.” fall/winter 2021 PrinCetOn MaGaZine

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Christina DeValue Staff Nurse and Clinical Nurse Specialist, Surgical Care Unit Penn Medicine Princeton Health Christina DeValue is a New Jersey native. She attended Rutgers University in New Brunswick and graduated with her Bachelor of Science in nursing in the spring of 2015. Shortly after graduation, she began her nursing career at University Medical Center of Princeton (now Penn Medicine Princeton Health) in the Nurse Residency Program for new graduate registered nurses. Following the residency program, DeValue accepted a position as a staff nurse on the Surgical Care Unit (SCU). Currently, she continues to work on the same unit as both a staff nurse and a clinical nurse specialist. In March 2020, SCU was converted into a COVID unit where she cared for COVID positive patients during the first pandemic surge in New Jersey. She is currently enrolled in graduate school at Walden University for her Master of Science in nursing with a concentration in education. “Staying positive over the last year and half has not been an easy feat, especially as a direct care nurse working in a hospital,” says DeValue. “When times are particularly stressful, I remind myself that nursing is a work of heart. Having the ability to touch so many people’s lives is truly a blessing and something I am grateful for every day.”

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1st month discount 3rd month 10%30% discount

2nd month 20 % discount

Waived community fee for St. Mary & Grace Gardens 3rd-month 10% discount a $2,500 value.

**excluding Morris Hall Meadows** Waived community Waived community fee fee for for St. St. Mary Mary & & Grace Grace Gardens Gardens -- aa $2,500 $2,500 value. value.

Serving The Community – Together Campus Shared with St. Lawrence Rehabilitation Center

Campus Shared with St. Lawrence Rehabilitation Center **excluding **excluding Morris Morris Hall Hall Meadows** Meadows**

St. Mary’s Assisted Living St. Mary’s Assisted Care LivingAssisted Living Grace Garden Memory •Grace St. Garden Joseph’sMemory Skilled Nursing Center Care Assisted Living St. Joseph’s Skilled Nursing • Morris Meadows St. Hall Joseph’s Skilled Skilled NursingNursing • Morris St. Mary’s Assisted Living, Morris Hall Meadows Skilled Nursing Hall Meadows Skilled Nursing


Grace Garden Memory Care New Palliative Care Unit at St. Mary’s


• •

9704326-02 9704326-02

Morris Hall Senior Care Communities includes:

Located in •• For more please visit us Located in Lawrenceville, Lawrenceville, NJ Formore more information, information, please visitvisit us at at us at Located in Lawrenceville, NJNJ • For information, please or us at or contact contact or or 609-895-1937 609-895-1937 or contact us us at or 609-895-1937

Morris Hall Senior Care Communities • St. Joseph’s Skilled Nursing & Long Term Care • St. Mary’s Assisted Living • Grace Garden Assisted Living Memory Care • Morris Hall Meadows at Lawrenceville Skilled Nursing

Specialized Services • Short Term Rehabilitation • Respite Care • Palliative Care • Hospice Care

St. Lawrence Rehabilitation Center Salutes our Nursing Staff! Thank you for your dedication, hard work and compassion every day and especially during the COVIC-19 pandemic.

2381 Lawrenceville Road | Lawrenceville, NJ 08648 609-896-9500 |

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At Rothman Orthopaedics, we are exceptionally specialized. We not only specialize in orthopaedics, each of our physicians only focuses on one area of the body. Which means you can have the confidence that you can get past pain and be what you were. | 609.913.2027 Visit us in Princeton, Pennington, Bordentown, or Hamilton* *Urgent Care on-site


only choice

At Greenwood House, our residents, families and caregivers

LOVE HOW MUCH WE CARE! AND YOU WILL, TOO. But don’t take our word for it.

“the only choice for my family” – DENISE SIEGEL Director and Executive Vice President (Ret.) HAMILTON Jewelers

“Greenwood House is the crown jewel of senior care in our community and has always been important to my family.”

Senior Healthcare Personalized high-quality care, safety, security, expert staffing, kindness and love are all the things our clients, residents, and families love about Greenwood House the most! But don’t take our word for it. Hear it straight from them. Visit our website and read the many letters of thanks and appreciation at

• Post-Acute Rehabilitation • Orthopedic Surgery Recovery Rehab • Stroke Rehab • Parkinson’s Disease Rehabilitation Programs • Physical, Occupational & Speech Therapy • Long-Term Care

• Skilled Nursing • Respite Care • Home Care Assistance* • Home Health Aide • Assisted Living • Kosher Meals on Wheels Home Delivery • Hospice Care**

Greenwood House is a nonprofit, mission-based organization rooted in cherished Jewish traditions and an industry leader in providing high-quality senior health care in the state of New Jersey. Seniors of all faiths are welcome. Call us today; (609) 718-0587 Or email us at 53 Walter Street Ewing Township, NJ 08628 (Off Parkway Ave/Scotch Rd Exit & I-295) *Greenwood House Health Care and Homemaker Program made possible by the generosity of Shirley & Harold Silverman. **Greenwood House Hospice was established in memory of Renee Denmark Punia.

My son has cancer but he also has advanced technology to treat it: Proton Therapy. NCI Designated Comprehensive Cancer Center

When treating cancer, precision is crucial. That’s why Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, in partnership with Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, is proud to offer proton therapy for adults and children. This pinpoint-accurate, non-invasive treatment targets the exact location of the cancer, with fewer effects on surrounding areas. It’s just one of many innovations you can expect to find

at New Jersey’s only NCI-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center. Visit or call 844-CANCERNJ to learn more.

Let’s beat cancer together.

GET THE CARE Y O U N E E D AT HOME WITH A VIRTUAL VISIT The Penn Connected Health Virtual Visit. A safe and secure way to consult with your doctor. Now, whether you need a routine checkup or more specialized attention, you have the option to meet with a provider from the comfort and safety of your home. A Penn Connected Health Virtual Visit offers patients an opportunity to connect with a primary or specialty care Princeton Medicine Physicians provider by phone or a secure video link. To find a Princeton Medicine Physicians provider, please visit or call 1.800.FINDADR (1.800.346.3237). A provider may change a planned virtual visit to an in-person visit if they feel it is the best and safest option for you.



| profiles in healthcare

Q&A with Pierre Verger, Vice President of Assisted Living Operations, Spring Hills Senior Communities Interview by Laurie Pellichero

What is the history of Spring Hills Senior Communities and its mission? Led by Founder and President/CEO Alexander Markowits, Spring Hills has been caring for seniors and other individuals in need of health care since 1999. Our caring continuum is committed to quality at every one of our home health agencies, post acute care centers, and assisted living facilities. With a holistic, person-centered care approach, Spring Hills is dedicated to providing seamless care experiences to meet the unique needs and preferences of residents, patients, and their families. Spring Hills has 35 locations across seven states, including New Jersey, Florida, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Texas, and Virginia. Spring Hills recently added three new executive directors and a regional multisite director of nursing to lead its three latest assisted living facilities in New Jersey — Princeton, Matawan, and Park Ridge. As part of Spring Hills’ vision for delivering innovative long-term care, the new executive directors will oversee the facilities’ implementation of enhanced services and state-of-the art rehabilitation services with personalized support. What levels of care does Spring Hills specialize in? Spring Hills Post Acute Care, Assisted Living, and Memory Care communities, and Home Care services provide comprehensive support, including population health management, for seniors and those with chronic health needs. All communities take a personal and distinctive approach, with the highest standards for proactive health care and quality of living, at every stage of a resident’s life. Tells us about Spring Hills Princeton. Spring Hills recently acquired Princeton Atrium and is engaging in a massive renovation to convert the former assisted living community into a luxury, high end memory care community/resort. Starting in spring of 2022, Spring Hills Princeton Assisted Living and Memory Care will offer 80 luxury apartments for individuals or couples. The community and its multidisciplinary team will provide a full continuum of care to the residents, giving them the opportunity to age in place and benefit from the right environment and the right program to meet their needs at any time. Spring Hills Princeton offers more care than most assisted living communities in our market because Spring Hills is on a continuing care campus with Spring Hills Post Acute Care Princeton. Should a resident ever go out to the hospital and need rehabilitation, they will experience the same high level of care and services they are accustomed to in our Assisted Living, Memory Care, and Enhanced Care solutions at Spring Hills Post Acute Princeton because we are one company with the same mission and dedication to “Caring with a Commitment to Quality.”


What is the continuum of care based on? There will be three areas and programs: A 50-apartment assisted living unit for the most active residents seeking peace of mind and a fun and entertaining lifestyle, with the day-to-day assistance they deserve. A 15-apartment dementia protected unit to keep residents safe and engaged. Our innovative Spring Cottage dementia engagement program offers a non-medication therapy approach, individual care, and a life plan for residents to live in a familiar, safe, and comfortable environment. We will also have a 15-apartment enhanced care unit, where residents with the highest needs will get the highest attention from our clinical multidisciplinary team. Residents will benefit the safest and most comfortable environment to live happy, but also receive the best care through our signature touches as well as our preferred partner services: in-house therapy, health monitoring, telemedicine, a physician group, home care, and top nationwide medical specialists to maintain each resident’s physical and cognitive capacities as much as possible. How can families be involved at Spring Hills? At Spring Hills, residents, families, and friends will enjoy 24/7 care, an onsite medical center, restaurants, a pub, spa, gym, market, theater, gym, therapeutic kitchen, multisensory room, arts and crafts room, and sensory garden. Families will also enjoy guest suites to stay overnight, a private dining room design for family events, a family lounge, and a volunteer program to help them become part of our community. What do you provide in terms of continuing education and support for staff? Spring Hills provides a rewarding work environment. Each associate benefits from Spring Hills’ training program and, starting 2022, will have the opportunity to develop their career with Spring Hills Foundation for Education, a program that includes coaching, tuition reimbursement, and student loan assistance. Spring Hills is a happy community for residents to live, a great place for associates to work, and provides an exemplary professional team for residents and their families to be part of this new Spring Hills community. Spring Hills Princeton 1000 Windrow Drive 609.514.9111 |

Assisted Living | Princeton, NJ

YO U ’ L L L OV E W H AT W E ’ R E D O I N G W I T H T H E P L AC E . Our recent renovations have been extensive to say the least. We’re replacing everything—from furniture and f inishes to leadership and programming—in order to ensure you receive the comfort you’ve been seeking, the fulf illment you need, and the personalized attention you deserve. Now, for a limited time, stay two months free and see for yourself how we’re making assisted living even better.

Renovation special: S TAY T W O M O N T H S F R E E * * O f f e r e n d s 1 2 / 31 / 2 1

For more details, visit Or call 609.514.9111

“Hear THem ring”

Princeton University Carillonneur Lisa Lonie By Donald H. Sanborn III


bove all the bustle you’ll hear silver bells,” write Jay Livingston and Ray Evans in their ubiquitous holiday song. Above all the bustle of the Princeton University campus, you’ll hear the carillon bells that are housed in Cleveland Tower at the Graduate College. At the helm is Lisa Lonie, University carillonneur, who will perform holiday favorites December 5-26. Asked whether “Silver Bells” will be among the selections, Lonie grins and replies in the affirmative. Other likely selections include “Carol of the Bells,” along with “Santa Baby” — which Lonie describes as a “fun, jazzy piece” — and “I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus.” “Holidays are synonymous with ringing bells,” Lonie observes, though she also says, “I’m playing music all year round. During the academic year I perform, rain or shine, every Sunday at 1 p.m., except during Ph.D. exams. And it’s always free! During July and August, into Labor Day weekend, we host the summer carillon concert series. That’s when the visiting carillonneurs from all over the world come and play.” Lonie adds that the participation of guest performers is helpful in providing “a lot of diversity — people don’t always have to listen to me!” Lonie presented a Halloween concert on October 31. “I reached out to the student body at the Graduate College, because they hear the bells

Princeton University Carillonneur Lisa Lonie. (Photo by Andrea Hillman)

all the time, and I asked them for their ideas,” Lonie says. “I’ll Put a Spell on You” (from Hocus Pocus) was among the suggestions.” For November, “the lull time between Halloween and the holidays,” Lonie describes an initiative to “focus on musical diversity. The incoming class at the Graduate College is the most diversified class ever. I want to dovetail on this and perform pieces that they might hear at home, but not necessarily hear in the U.S. For example, based on a suggestion from a grad student, I’m working on an insanely popular piece of music from India. Asian music is popular — China, Singapore, Taiwan. That series is called ‘Music that Reminds You of Home.’” Lonie emphasizes that when she chooses repertoire to play on the University’s carillon, “It’s not about what I want to play; it’s what people want to hear. I try to mix it up a lot.” Although Lonie also is the carillonneur at St. Thomas’ Church in Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania, and at the Church of the Holy Trinity in Philadelphia, she notes that the repertoire she plays on the University’s carillon is secular. Having established that parameter, Lonie invites song requests for the holiday program, and says, “I’m open to catchy titles!” From Handbells to Carillons

“As a teenager I played in a handbell choir at my church,” Lonie says when asked what interested her in playing the carillon. “The director was a carillonneur from Valley Forge. He took us

Opposite, Cleveland Tower, home of Princeton University’s carillon. (Photo by Lisa Lonie)

up into the tower, sat down, and played this enormous instrument of big bells. That night, I came home to my mother and said, ‘I don’t want to ring these little bells anymore!’” Lonie attended college at Penn State, which does not have a carillon. But she stayed in form by performing during trips home for holidays. “After college, when I really came home (to Bucks County), I didn’t have any job prospects. But the church where I was practicing had an opening for a part-time carillonneur,” she says. Lonie was offered a 90-day trial. “I said, ‘sure,’ and I stayed there for 19 years. Then I took a position at St. Thomas’ Church, Whitemarsh — I’ve been there since 1999 — and at the Church of the Holy Trinity since 2008.” In 2012 Lonie became Princeton University’s first female carillonneur. She explains that R. Robin Austin, the carillonneur at the time, “who’s a close friend of mine, had resigned to take a full-time carillon position out in Illinois. That left the position in Princeton open. I interviewed and auditioned. I played a recital in the summer series; that could have been my audition and I didn’t know it!” Lonie started at Princeton in September of that year. She says, “That’s my journey. I’m still taking lessons, just like any good musician should — it’s lifelong learning. I’m challenging myself to learn new repertoire. Certainly the student body and listeners from the community of Princeton are challenging me to learn and research new repertoire. It’s really a lot of fun; it keeps me engaged.” fall/winter 2021 PrinCetOn MaGaZine

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The console of Princeton University’s carillon. (Photo by Jill Feldman, Princeton University Office of Communications)


The carillon’s page on Princeton University’s website notes, “In 1926, the Class of 1892 began searching for a gift to the University in honor of its 35th reunion. One class member suggested giving a carillon, like the ones heard in the Low Countries of Europe. The instrument, he asserted, was a fitting choice, ‘at once noble yet different from all other gifts.’” “In the Roaring Twenties, people had a lot of money to spend,” Lonie observes. “The class president had been to Europe, and heard the bells in Belgium or Holland. In those countries you hear the hour strike ‘sing.’ He wanted to bring that concept to the Princeton community, so they ordered the carillon.” The University’s website notes, “Gillett & Johnston was selected as the foundry and a representative from the Class traveled to England to witness the casting of the bourdon.” “The urban legend is that they paid for it, it was on the boat — and then they decided to tell the University’s Board of Trustees what they had done,” Lonie says. “The bells were originally intended for Holder Hall (Sage Tower), on Nassau Street. But that tower was deemed to be too small, and not strong enough, to hold the bells.” Instead, Grover Cleveland Tower, standing 173 feet to the roof, became the (then 35-bell) carillon’s home; the instrument was installed in the spring of 1927. Anton Brees, later carillonneur at Bok Tower in Florida, played the dedication recital on June 17 of that year. The website credits Professor Arthur




Some of the original bells that form Princeton University’s carillon. (Photo by Jill Feldman, Princeton University Office of Communications)

Lisa Lonie poses within the tower. (Photo courtesy of Lisa Lonie)

Bigelow, the carillonneur from 1941 until his death in 1967, with “adding 14 new bells of his own design and casting. In 1966, he made plans to remove seven of the original 35 bells, as well as his 14 bells, and designed a totally re-scaled treble register of 42 bells cast by the French Foundry Paccard.” After Bigelow’s death, the instrument fell into disrepair. In the 1990s, the carillon was renovated by the Verdin company. At this point it was converted into concert pitch, eliminating the need for the carillonneur to transpose when performing with other musicians. On June 13, 1993, Austin played the rededication recital, which featured the premiere of Ronald Barnes’ Capriccio 3 for Carillon, which the University commissioned. “When you go up into the tower, you see the lower bells from 1927; they look old,” says Lonie. “Everything else, in terms of the infrastructure, is stainless steel and new. I have bells above me, and I have some of the lowest bells underneath me.” Lonie adds that the University’s carillon is “the fifth largest (in North America, including Canada) in terms of the number of bells. We’re proud of that!”

the Hawaiian American flag. A supporter of Hawaiian sovereignty, “Cleveland supported their Queen (Lili’uokalani) during an attempted coup,” Lonie explains. “When the Hawaiian Americans visit, I always look forward to playing the familiar ‘Aloha Oe’ which Queen Lili’uokalani composed.” In a nearby empty room, Lonie points to a set of wires that follow the wall up through a hole in the ceiling. She explains that the carillon was originally played “from right around here. You can see where the transmission wires would run about a story or two up into the belfry. In 1927 this is where the console was.” She muses that the carillon is an instrument that is “complex in its simplicity. The bells don’t go out of tune for hundreds of years, certainly not in our lifetime, and it’s just controlled with wires, levers, batons, and foot pedals.” Another flight of stairs leads to the belfry. “The newest bell, from 1992, was cast when they renovated the instrument,” Lonie says. “If you look, you’ll notice that the clapper is not in the middle of the bell, but rather hung off center and only about an inch or two from the lip of the bells. The bells are hung dead or secured to the beam. They don’t swing and there is no electronic or pneumatic help to move the clappers. It’s a completely manual operation.” The Princeton University website notes that the “largest bell, the bourdon sounding G2, weighs 12,880 pounds,” while the “smallest bell weighs 14 pounds.” Arriving in the room with the current console, one looks at the yellow wall and sees framed sheet music — including a piece titled


Lonie recently invited this writer to tour Cleveland Tower and watch her perform. After climbing a winding, narrow staircase, one looks down on a large room that contains a statue of Grover Cleveland. The statue’s pedestal sports

“Cleveland Prelude” — as well as a list of all the University’s carillonneurs. “I like having things to remind me of my predecessors, and the musical legacy of the bells,” Lonie says. She sits at the long wooden console. A small stuffed tiger rests at the left of the music stand. On the console the batons resemble piano keys, but Lonie explains that the “keys on a piano are weighted the same. On a carillon they’re not.” The heavier the bell or clapper, the harder the performer has to move the baton. Indicating the console, Lonie adds that, although most pianos have 88 keys, on a carillon the length of the console “depends on how many bells you have.” At 1 p.m., Lonie starts a performance. “I always open with ‘Old Nassau,’” she says. Looking intently at the music, she strikes the batons with her fists; her arms and legs move back and forth across the console with apparent ease. The second selection is “Springfield Counterpoints” (“Prelude, Nocturne, and Fugue”) by John Knox. Then, after checking the window for confirmation that she has some listeners below, she moves on to Simon and Garfunkel’s “The Sound of Silence.” Then she turns and smiles. “All right, ready to try a bell?” she asks, giving this writer a rare opportunity. “Take a gander at the lowest one.” Gesturing toward the leftmost baton on the

console, she invites me to ring the heaviest bell. On the first, too-gentle try, no sound emerges. But a second, more forceful, attempt yields a low, dignified “bong.” Lonie directs me to the other side of the console, and lets me try the smallest bell. I hit it once; this time I get a sound immediately. I hit it once more before standing back. Returning to the console, Lonie says, “There you go!” When Lonie teaches lessons at the University, she has the students start on a practice console. “It rings tone bars, with hand bell clappers. That’s where the lessons are held, in my basement office at the Graduate College,” she explains. She points out that on a carillon “you can’t dampen the sound. If you hit a wrong note, you can’t simply lift your finger and say, ‘Maybe nobody heard that!’ When I and the student feel comfortable that they can hold their own, then they’re ready for the main instrument in the tower.” Thanks to the endowment of the Class of 1892, lessons are free. They are open to both the University and Princeton community. Lonie adds, “We have a process of certification within the Guild of Carillonneurs in North America. You go through a two-stage process of testing and adjudication to earn the title of “carillonneur.” That’s important to understand and appreciate, because you’re

A view beneath the bells within the tower. (Photo courtesy of Lisa Lonie)

playing a very public, community-centric instrument.” A ”GREAT ASSET”

“The carillon is not a dead instrument; playing the carillon is not a dying art,” Lonie says, when asked what she particularly would like readers to know. “Two or three instruments are being installed in North America per year. They can be found on school campuses and in churches, botanical gardens, municipal parks — even on private estates.” “Being out in the Graduate College is beautiful,” she adds. “You have the golf course and trees; it’s very serene. There are not a lot of buildings, so we’re not sucked in. That’s the good thing. But on the other hand, even that short ten-minute walk from the center of campus — you might as well be in the next county.” Lonie’s focus is on “continuing to build an audience for the whole year round.” She wants listeners to enjoy “not only what I’m doing, but what the students are doing — the students who are learning to play this great asset to the University and surrounding community.” For more information, or to send suggestions for musical selections to Lisa Lonie, visit

Cleveland Tower, home of Princeton University’s carillon. (Photo by Lisa Lonie) FALL/WINTER 2021 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

| 63


fo u n d gifted s ave d The Mercer Museum Collects Local History Highlighting objects collected between 2000 and 2021

Mercer Museum October 15, 2021 — April 10, 2022 Doylestown, PA


Baseball in Black & White: Extra Innings

By James Fiorentino

Dates of Show: November 17 – December 31, 2021 Artist Reception with Live Podcast: December 10, Friday, 6-9pm

Watercolor Paintings

Cal Ripkin, Jr., Autographed, Watercolor, 24” x 18”

David Wright, Autographed, Watercolor, 26” x 26”

Albert Pujols, Autographed, Watercolor, 34” x 26”

Don Mattingly, Autographed Watercolor, 20” x 26”

Jackie Robinson, “History on Deck” Watercolor, 30” x 30”

Yogi Berra, Watercolor, 34” x 26”

Baseball in Black and White: Extra Innings —The Art of James Fiorentino Transcend the limits of color as you journey through shadow and light in this evocative collection of original black and white watercolor paintings by renowned artist James Fiorentino. The exhibit debuted at Studio 7 Fine Art Gallery in Bernardsville, NJ on November 17, 2021. In addition to the original pieces included in the black and white exhibit, the 2,500-square-foot gallery housed in a historic building in downtown Bernardsville includes a room dedicated to a collection of Fiorentino’s award winning landscapes and wildlife paintings, many of which have hung in museums around the country. Following the incredible sold-out success of his most recent collection, “There is Only One: The Most Iconic Trading Cards of All Time,” Fiorentino’s work is in incredibly high demand. With his focus on fulfilling current orders for larger pieces, James will only be accepting commissions for select special projects, which makes this show is an incredibly rare opportunity to acquire some of his existing smaller pieces including the unique originals painted exclusively for this show. James Fiorentino Renowned for his ability to create uncanny likeness of famous sports icons, James Fiorentino has propelled himself to the top of the sports art community and his work is highly sought after as one of the foremost artists in the exploding sports card-art market. A resident of Hunterdon County, NJ, James has painted and illustrated some of the most recognized faces in the world using his self-taught watercolor technique. His work is showcased in museums, galleries, and private collections across the globe, and his story has been told on national television and in the pages of magazines and newspapers. James is the youngest artist inducted into the prestigious New York Society of Illustrators and was the youngest artist to display his work in the National Baseball Hall of Fame. Fiorentino continues to prove himself as a highly regarded illustrator and painter. James graduated from Drew University in 1999. Now, his trademark detail and realism in watercolor can be seen in his wildlife paintings.

Babe Ruth, Watercolor, 34” x 26”

“There Is Only One”

Card collecting and memorabilia grew significantly in popularity during the COVID-19 pandemic. Trading cards are now considered by many to be miniature masterpieces in their own right, and James is proud to be able to highlight the sports-art side of collecting on a fine art level with his new collection of large 22x33-inch paintings, “There is Only One: The Most Iconic Trading Cards of All Time.” Series one of the collection, original watercolor replicas of iconic trading cards, debuted at the Philly Show September 24, 2021, with all the paintings selling out within days of their reveal. Series two is under production and also sold out, and series three is currently under development. Artist Reception and Live Podcast The Friday, December 10 reception will feature special guest Jay Goldberg of Bergino Baseball Clubhouse in NYC, where the “Baseball in Black and White” show first debut 5 years ago. Goldberg will host a live podcast during the reception, and in addition to interviewing Fiorentino about his career and shows over years at the Bergino Baseball Clubhouse, and the former players and VIP guests in attendance, Goldberg will discuss his special upcoming multi-media project., “The Memory of America: Remember Your First Baseball Game.” Jay Goldberg: In his 20s, Jay Goldberg worked on political campaigns with the country’s preeminent strategists. In his 30s, Goldberg was a sports agent to athletes, sportscasters, and even Spuds MacKenzie. The forward thinking Goldberg brought Russian hockey players to West Point and Mississippi, and in his 40s, he co-founded a creative design studio specializing in exquisite, handmade baseballs which were coveted by business titans and bar mitzvah boys. In his 50s Goldberg launched a unique gallery/shop/community event space on a side street in Greenwich Village that became known around the globe. Now, in his 60s, Goldberg is working on “The Memory of America” and other multimedia art projects. Goldberg lives in New York City, where he was born.

Studio 7 Fine Art Gallery

5 Morristown Road, Bernardsville, NJ 07924 Kathleen Palmer, Director (908) 963-0365 |

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music speaks


By Anne Levin

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n a video that debuted last November, 55 people join together on Zoom to sing the song Louis Armstrong made famous, “What a Wonderful World.” Most of them suffer from aphasia, a language disorder that often develops after a stroke or brain injury. As an introduction to the song, several of the participants talk — some more haltingly than others — about the frustrations of their condition. “Aphasia is difficulty speaking,” says one. “Makes me slow,” says another. “Aphasia is lonely.” “Aphasia is complicated.” “Aphasia is not being able to talk to my children.” And so on. But once they begin to sing, all of the hesitancy disappears. Words so difficult to speak appear to flow effortlessly when set to music. The singers are members of the International Aphasia Choir, drawn from different aphasia choirs on five continents. They are visual and aural proof of the Hans Christian Andersen quote: “Where words fail, music speaks.”

Prominent among these choirs is the Bridgewater-based Sing Aphasia, founded by Westminster Choir College graduate Gillian Velmer during her doctoral studies in speech language pathology at Kean University. As part of her doctoral program, Velmer built a website,, for aphasia choir resources.

During the pandemic last year, she was approached by Trent Barrick, a music therapist in Florida. He had discovered the site, and wondered if she’d be interested in helping him put together an international aphasia choir video. “I said yes right away. I loved the idea,” says Velmer, 34, who has a day job as a speech language pathologist in the South Plainfield

Public Schools. “Aphasia can be so isolating. If you are all of a sudden not able to communicate the way you used to, it’s just devastating. And it doesn’t affect just one person. It really affects the whole family and friends and community of the person as well.” A native of Bridgewater, Velmer has always loved to sing. At Westminster, “choir was a huge and very fulfilling part of my life,” she says. “My time there inspired me to look into the field of speech language pathology. My senior year, I had classes on anatomy and physiology of the voice, which I found so interesting.” As a prerequisite for her master’s degree, Velmer took a course on aphasia. “That was the first time I had heard of it, or even heard the word,” she says. “But that’s not really unusual. Statistics say that less than 15 percent of Americans know about aphasia, yet nearly two million in this country are living with it. I was so fascinated by that. Somehow, doing the research and having my musical background, I thought, ‘What about music for aphasia?’ ” Velmer made aphasia choirs around the world the topic of her master’s thesis. After earning her degree and working in public education for a few years, she returned to Kean to pursue a doctorate. “I knew I wanted to continue my research,” she says. She began looking into the question of whether singing can help with word-finding. “Over a five-week period, we did find an improvement,” she says. “There is definitely more research needed in this area, and that’s what Sing Aphasia hopes for in the future.” There are two primary types of aphasia – fluent, which is the most common, and nonfluent. According to the Cleveland Clinic,

Aphasia is a language disorder that often develops after a stroke or brain injury.

fall/winter 2021 PrinCetOn MaGaZine

| 69

Fifty-five people join together on Zoom to sing “What a Wonderful World.” Most of them suffer from aphasia.

“Aphasia is a disorder that results from damage to areas of the brain that produce and process language. A person with aphasia can have trouble speaking, reading, writing, and understanding language. Impairment in these abilities can range from mild to very severe (nearly impossible to communicate in any form). Some people with aphasia have difficulty in only one area of communication, such as trouble putting words together into meaningful sentences, trouble reading, or difficulty understanding what others are saying. More commonly, people with aphasia are limited in more than one communication area. Nearly all patients with aphasia have word-finding difficulties – that is, coming up with the correct name of persons, places, things, or events. Each person’s experience with aphasia is unique. It depends on the location(s) of the stroke or brain injury that has caused the aphasia, extent of damage, age of the person, general health of the person, and ability to recover.” “It’s based on where the damage is in the

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brain, and what kind of language difficulties people have,” says Velmer. “I have seen firsthand, in my choir, people who have only spoken two or

I see trees of green Red roses too I see them bloom For me and you... three words in a sentence. They just can’t get it out. But they sing full phrases fluently. With social skills too, people who have been shy have really opened up in the choir.” The mechanisms of the brain are an unending source of fascination to Velmer. “We

typically think of the left side of the brain as the communication center, where language is stored,” she says. “People usually think the right side is more musical and creative. So, if someone has a brain injury on the left side, they may have aphasia. What’s amazing about music is that it taps into both sides of the brain, which is really cool.” Music is also effective in helping people with dementia. But aphasia and dementia are very different. “For people who have any type of dementia, music can be a wonderful way to ignite their memories,” said Velmer. “The music, and the words to a song, can come back to them. But one thing that’s important to remember about aphasia is that it’s a language disorder that occurs after a brain injury or stroke, but it doesn’t affect intellect or memory.” In addition to rehearsals, members of the local and international choirs have been taking part in monthly meetups. “Sing Aphasia Choir brings hope to us that the joy of singing is possible once again,” writes

member Linda Schwarz of Wayne. “You want to get better, challenge the mindset. And the outcome is, no doubt about it, one of the best feelings in the world,” writes Matthew Weingartner of Long Island, New York. Chance Lee of Rainier, Washington, writes on behalf of his mother, “Sing Aphasia has begun to help my mom relearn how to speak again through singing. Dr. Gillian Velmer uses repetitive sounds and words in songs to assist in reconnecting the connections that were damaged during my mom’s hemorrhagic stroke. We remain hopeful that through singing she will be able to have a full conversation with us again soon.” Velmer welcomes family members and caregivers to join the choir. “It’s something they can do together, something that may have been lost from the injury,” she says. “That’s important to me. And I don’t want people to think about it as therapy. I want it to be a safe, fun, supportive environment. If the words are still hard to sing, they don’t have to sing them. They can hum, or shake their bodies, just

do whatever makes them feel comfortable. I hope others see how much of a difference this can make in a person’s quality of life.”

And I think to myself What a wonderful world... Since COVID-19, more aphasia choirs have been formed. “I would love for there to be a choir in every city,” says Velmer. “One silver lining of the pandemic is this growth. We are all isolating in our homes, but thank goodness for technology.

I have more people consistently coming to our choir rehearsals because you don’t need to drive to get there.” Velmer plans to return Sing Aphasia, eventually, to in-person meetings, keeping a hybrid model in place so people from all over the world can participate. She recently obtained nonprofit status for the choir. A second video is in the works. She hopes to expand the offerings of Sing Aphasia, with possible classes in music theory, the history of musical theater, and poetry that might be set to music. “We are really excited about our growth this year,” she says. “Now that we have that 501(c)(3) nonprofit status, I know we can keep growing.” The logo for the Sing Aphasia website shows two chirping birds, one with musical notes in a bubble above its head. “I created it. Because no matter what, the birds wake up each morning and sing a new song,” says Velmer. “That’s a powerful message for our members. They may have some struggles. But I hope that encourages them.” FALL/WINTER 2021 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

| 71

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The Laurel of Princeton is independent, an independent,co-educational co-educational day students in grades 1-12.1-12. Our evidence-based The Laurel SchoolSchool of Princeton is an dayschool schoolforfor students in grades Our evidence-based approach helps students discover their unique educationaland and social/emotional social/emotional path by by acknowledging the strengths, talents,talents, and approach helps students discover their unique educational path acknowledging the strengths, and brilliance of people who learn differently. This empowersour our students students and them enjoy school and thrive developmentally. brilliance of people who learn differently. This empowers andhelps helps them enjoy school and thrive developmentally.

W EThe S TM ILaurel N SSchool T ESchool R of Princeton SOCIAL MEDIA / FAVICON Laurel SOCIALTILE MEDIA TILE / FAVICON The of Princeton

ACCEPTING APPLICATIONSYEAR-ROUND YEAR-ROUND CO N ACCEPTING APPLICATIONS S800 E RVATO RY 800 North Road, Hopewell, NJ 08534 North Road, Hopewell, NJ 08534 O F USIC Learn more at Learn more at 609-256-3552 609-256-3552

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Brand Guidelines outlined outlined in this One Pager ensure that that the visual integrity and ofJyoti Jyotibrand brand appropriately maintained. Brandpractice Guidelines in this One Pager ensure the visual integrity anddesign designaesthetics aesthetics of areare appropriately maintained. leading for a variety of language, social, academic, psychological To establish managed, uniformuniform identity, these these standards should be be strictly adhered maintaining brand identity the responsibility of Toaestablish a managed, identity, standards should strictly adheredto. to. Successfully Successfully maintaining thethe brand identity is theisresponsibility of and now occupational therapy services for children of all ages. every member of the organization. every member of the organization.



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6O9.737.1331 “The child is both a hopeEducation and a promise for mankind.” Music-Spanish-Outdoor 6O9.737.1331 “The child is both Music-Spanish-Outdoor a hope and a promise for mankind.” Education ~ Maria Montessori sothboth both a hope hope and a promise promise foris mankind.” mankind.” ~ Maria Montessori a and a for “The child both a hope and a promise for mankind.” oth a hope and a promise for mankind.” a hope and a promise for mankind.” ~ Maria Montessori

~ Maria Montessori ~ Maria Montessori ~ Maria The child child isis both both aa hope hope and and a promise promise forMontessori mankind.” ~ Maria Montessorifor The a mankind.” “Theischild bothanda hope and a mankind.” promise mankind.” “The child both aishope a promise 4 for Tree Farm Road,for Pennington

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Delivering on our promise to bring out the best in each boy. "It is important to know that your son will get an excellent education, but also grow as a person. It's not just about formal learning. It's about becoming the kind of young man who wants to make a difference in the community, who thinks about others, and who lives his life with integrity. I don't think many schools, public or private, promote that type of learning." - PASH Parent

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The frozen mansion from “Dr. Zhivago.” (IMDB Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer)

Snow Days: Russian Literature in Winter BY STUART MITCHNER

Rostov ... looked at the snowflakes dancing above the fire and remembered the Russian winter with a warm, bright house, a fluffy fur coat, swift sleighs, a healthy body, and all the love and care of a family. —Leo Tolstoy, from War and Peace


’ve never been to Russia in winter or spring or any other season. But I’ve been there all year round as a reader ever since the St. Petersburg summer I spent in Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment. The following spring, I spent my first Russian winter reading The Brothers Karamazov in the Modern Library Giant edition. When you approach the world of Dostoevsky at the tender age of 19, the prospect is more inviting wrapped in an image of striking storybook simplicity: deep blue sky, snow tipped oniondomed towers above a white snowscape pure and clear against the black of a horse-drawn sleigh. So began a sophomore binge that carried me from Karamazov to Turgenev’s Fathers and Sons to Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina. My fate was sealed. I would graduate as an English major with a minor in Slavic studies. EVERYTHING IN A FLOWER

“A flower fell on the snow and he rushed to pick it up as though everything in the world depended on the loss of that flower.” The “everything in the world depended on it” essence of Dostoevsky is in that sentence, which comes toward the end of “Ilusha’s Funeral,” the last chapter of The Brothers Karamazov. The chaotic life and death intensity of the passage is driven by Ilusha’s crazed father running alongside the coffin, “fussing and distracted,” rushing to pick up the small white flower, as if his dead son’s flower and all the flowers in the world were one. GOGOL’S OVERCOAT

In “The Overcoat,” from Nicolai V. Gogol’s Tales of Good and Evil (Doubleday Anchor), the St. Petersburg climate is “a great enemy,” along with the “northern

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frost” that targets “the noses of Civil Servants” and makes “the foreheads of even those who occupy the highest positions ache with frost, and tears start to their eyes.” Gogol pictures the “poor titular councillors ... running as fast as they can in their thin, threadbare overcoats through five or six streets and then stamping their feet vigorously in the vestibule, until they succeed in unfreezing their faculties and abilities.” The overcoat of the title belongs to Akaky Akakyevich, who finds on thoroughly examining it at home that “the cloth had worn out so much that it let through the wind, and the lining had all gone to pieces.” CHEKHOV IN WINTER

Chekhov is arguably the Russian writer most attuned to the weather and the seasons, winter in particular. “On the Road,” takes place in “the traveller’s room” at a roadside inn. A man and a woman have bonded, she’s rich and young, he’s poor and middle-aged and has lost everything but his 6-year-old daughter and his gift for spell-binding narrative as he dazzles the woman with the story of his life. “Outside,” in the words of Constance Garnett’s translation, “God alone knows why, the winter was raging still. Whole clouds of big soft snowflakes were whirling restlessly over the earth, unable to find a resting-place. The horses, the sledge, the trees, a bull tied to a post, all were white and seemed soft and fluffy.” The man tucks the young gentlewoman into her sledge; after it goes round a huge snowdrift, she looks back as though she wants to say something to him. He runs up to her, but she doesn’t say a word, she only looks at him “through her long eyelashes with little specks of snow on them,” and it suddenly seems to him “that with another touch or two that girl would have forgiven him his failures, his age, his desolate position, and would have followed him without question or reasonings.” He stands a long while,

“gazing at the tracks left by the sledge runners. The snowflakes greedily settled on his hair, his beard, his shoulders,” and though the track of the runners had vanished, “his eyes kept seeking something in the clouds of snow.” WARMED BY TOLSTOY

The neurologist and best-selling author Oliver Sacks recounts in A Leg to Stand On the time he was stranded alone on a mountain in Norway with a badly broken leg and night coming on. What helped him through the crisis was the example of Tolstoy’s Master and Man (Penguin) about Vasili Andreyevich, a landowner who undergoes a spiritual awakening after bringing Nikita, a serf on his estate, back from the brink of hypothermia by lying on top of him. Sacks accompanies his memory of the story with a line from the Bible: “Two are better than one … for if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow; but woe to him that is alone when he falleth, for he hath not another to help him up.” For Sacks, the “other” was the belief that Tolstoy was guiding him as he splinted his leg with an umbrella and slid down the precipice. CHRISTMAS WITH DOSTOEVSKY

Writing in Christmas 1876 in a St. Petersburg journal he edited around the time he was at work on The Brothers Karamazov, Dostoevsky imagines a story about a very poor, very hungry little boy of 6 wandering the streets of “some huge city during a bitter frost.” It’s Christmas Eve, the boy sees “floods of light, light everywhere,” and finds himself gazing through “a huge window and, beyond it, a hall with a tree reaching up to the ceiling. It’s a Christmas tree covered with gleaming lights, with sparkling bits of gold paper and apples, and all around are little dolls, toyhorses,” while “lots of beautifully dressed children are running about the hall,” laughing and playing, eating, and drinking. “And just listen to the music! You can hear it from inside, coming through the window!” In another window he sees tables loaded with cakes, almond cakes, red cakes, yellow cakes, “and in yet another window gaily dressed dancing puppets that for a moment he thought were alive.”

This Dickensian scene as imagined by Dostoevsky does not end well for the little boy. Chased by bullies, he escapes to a strange courtyard, hides behind a pile of kindling wood, dozes off, and dreams he’s in a place where everything sparkles and glitters and shines, and there are many other little girls and boys, who, like him, have died in alleys and on doorsteps of Petersburg officials, and in hospital wards. This being a diary recording Dostoevsky’s impressions apropos of everything that strikes him, the author of “Ilusha’s Funeral” asks himself why he should make up such a story, one that conforms so little to an ordinary, reasonable diary, disingenuously concluding, “I really don’t know what to tell you, and I don’t know whether or not this could have happened. Being a novelist, I have to invent things.” Three years after the Christmas Eve story was published in The Citizen, Karamazov began its run in another journal, The Russian Messenger, Messenger where it appeared from January 1879 to November 1880. Dostoevsky died less than five months after its publication. IN HOLLYWOOD

Admittedly, and yet inevitably, two of my primary associations with the Russian winter come by way of Hollywood. From David Lean’s Dr. Zhivago, there’s the moment Yuri (Omar Sharif) and Lara (Julie Christie) share their first view of the frozen mansion at Varykino, like a gigantic sculpture made of snow, with everything inside snow-encrusted, except Zhivago’s desk, which has only a thin veneer of white he clears with his hand, and when he opens the drawer the only white surface is the paper waiting for his poetry. The adoring look on Julie Christie’s face as she watches (those blue eyes!) is worth a thousand words. But I never felt as close to Zhivago as I did to MGM’s Brothers Karamazov Karamazov. Once I saw Yul Brynner as Dmitri, Richard Basehart as Ivan, and Maria Schell as Grushenka, those were the faces I imagined when reading the book. And for the mad, frenzied joy of Russian winter, it’s hard to top the scene when Dmirti and Grushenka meet at the skating pond. The intensity of that moment — Dmitri’s out of bounds energy and Maria Schell’s rapturous smile — is truly Dostoevskian.


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