Nevada Rancher Magazine April 2019

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It matters who you work sun-up to sun-down with.


The load is lightened when you work with someone you trust. That’s why Nevada State Bank works alongside you on everything from equipment financing and operating lines to livestock purchases and real estate.* Our agriculture specialist, John Hays, is here for you—and he’s already got his sleeves rolled up. *Subject to credit approval. Terms and conditions apply. A division of Zions Bancorporation, N.A. Member FDIC Equal Housing Lender

John Hays

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Just a Note.....

Congratulations, you have survived the Winter! I am very thankful that Spring has decided to show up. Many Producers have started turning their cattle out onto their

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(775) 623-5011

grazing allotments but some will continue to pitch hay a little longer (like my family). If you are still looking to fill your herd sire needs, included are some great options.

During March Readers were able to pick up a

copy of the magazine at the Snyder’s Bulls for the 21st

The Nevada Rancher (ISSN 0047-9489) (USPS #003-257) Published monthly at Winnemucca Publishing, 1022 S. Grass Valley Road, Winnemucca, NV 89445 Call us toll free at (866) 644-5011 Periodical Postage Paid at Winnemucca, 89445

Century Sale and the Winnemucca Ranch Hand Rodeo Pictured: Lauren Thomas, Merck Animal weekend. In April we will be at the Shooting the West Health representative and Ashley Buckingham Photography Symposium.

This issue is dedicated to the working stock dog.

Growing up I have always enjoyed watching my father use his border collies to work our cattle. I pray your grass grows fast, your cows calve easily and your irrigation ditches stay full. I hope you enjoy this issue. -Ashley

In this issue:

Publisher, Peter Bernhard Editor, Ashley Buckingham Staff Writer, Jennifer Whiteley Contributors, Heather Smith Thomas, Michelle Cook, David Glaser, Sarah Hummel, Norma Elliot, Jolyn Young, Jessica Hedges and Angela Vesco. Sales Representative Ashley Buckingham Office Manager, Tracy Wadley Production Manager, Joe Plummer Graphic Designer, Emily Swindle The Nevada Rancher does not assume responsibility for statements by advertisers nor products advertised within, and The Nevada Rancher does not assume responsibility for opinions expressed in articles submitted for publication. The publisher reserves the right to accept or reject advertising or editorial material submitted for publication. Contents in The Nevada Rancher may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, including, but not limited to original contents and original composition of all ads (layout and artwork) without prior written permission. Subscription rate: $16.00 per year.

POSTMASTER: Send address changes to: The Nevada Rancher, Winnemucca Publishing, 1022 S. Grass Valley Road, Winnemucca, NV 89445



at the Western Nevada CattleWomen’s Annual Dinner Dance. This event was held in-conjunction with the Snyder’s Bulls for the 21st Century sale in Yerington, NV.

Cover Photo By:

Hybrid Vigor in Stock Dogs pg 7

Jennifer Whiteley

Controlling Burrowing Rodents pg 14

Randy McClure thanks his partner “Rudy” for helping corral some heavy cows at Hunter, Nevada.

Meatless Monday-Is this a real thing?: pg 20

Check out Randy’s engraving on Facebook and Instagram: “RM Engraving”

Meet Christi Walker pg 34

Bulls for the 21st Century Results pg 22

If you give a girl a puppy pg 44

Social Media Photo Winner By: Remy Campbell. “Patience” Pictured is Ace, taken at the Drowning Ford Grazing Co OP in Cypress County AB More great photos on page 12 & 13 Follow us on Instagram and Facebook to enter our monthly photo contest.

l a n r u jo


For The Buckaroo In Us All

10% of profits will be donated to the Cowboy Crisis Fund of the WSRRA

Some of the latest items for the western ranching lifestyle

A clothing brand for all the buckaroos and explorers of the sagebrush country Now on J.M Capriola Horn Wrap Tutorial. A short video demonstrating the”Capriola” way of applying a horn wrap. In the video the hide chosen is “Mule Hide” otherwise known as chrome tanned leather. We also demonstrate a few key tips and secrets on securing your wrap.

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Interested in having your item featured as part of our Ranch Journal? Only $25 per month! Contact Ashley Buckingham at (775) 304-8814   THE NEVADA RANCHER – APRIL 2019


Hello from Cow Country By Sam Mori President, NV Cattlemen’s Assoc.

Hello Everyone, I hope you are all doing well as we are about to shift gears from an old fashioned Nevada winter to the unknown that spring is going to provide us. From my experience in living my entire life in Nevada, it won’t be boring! The workings of our businesses seem to ramp up when seasons change as you well know. The pace at the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association (NCA) is also accelerating as we are moving our office to a new location in the Cowboy Arts and Gear Museum in Elko. It is a perfect fit in venue for our Association. The move will not be at the expense of getting our job done for membership and our industry, as that is our number one focus. The legislature is in session, and we have capable people handling a full plate of issues that range from water to labor to funding Extension Services and much more. It is comforting to be able to represent views on behalf of the industry as it is important to and a long time asset to our state and nation. The spring season brings us to the time of turning cattle out on rangelands that have been the topic of unprecedented discussion as to the management of these lands. As the cows go out the gate, it becomes time to stop talking about it and start implementing

best-laid plans. Some, and I repeat some of the Agency folks genuinely understand the need for change and the benefit it would have on resource values. I encourage all of us to stay engaged with your range staff as some options are being looked at that may be to everyone’s benefit. The horrific fires of the last two years are an example of what happens if we stay on the same path without making changes in the way we manage these fuel loads. There have been changes made in regulations and interpretation of the regulations at the Washington D.C. level. Subsequent directives have come down to the states as to how to make pertinent changes, so let’s see what implementation is going to look like. It is a long time away from the peak of Nevada’s marketing season, but I would like to mention that it is our responsibility to promote the product we produce and sell. I want to take the time to thank the Nevada Beef Council for the responsible way they have handled and maximized our checkoff dollars. It is only natural to research and promote the best protein source on earth! Well, my friends, I will close for this month. If we at the NCA can help in any way, don’t hesitate to call. God Bless, Sam Mori President, Nevada Cattlemen’s Association

Nevada Cattlemen’s Association Springtime Update Nevada Cattlemen’s Association Offers $1,000 Scholarship for High School Seniors By Kaley Sproul- Chapin Executive Director NV Cattlemen’s Assoc.

It has been a busy month at the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association office! The Fallon Bull Sale that we held in February was a great success this year. We have just finished closing up everything from the sale, and we would like to once again give thanks to all of our consignors, buyers, sponsors, and volunteers for your support this year. As I am writing this NCA update, Sharon and I are packing up the NCA office and are getting ready to move into the Cowboy Arts and Gear Museum upstairs offices. Our office should be up and running in April, and please be sure to stop by! I am also getting ready to attend the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and Public Lands Council Legislative Conference in Washington D.C. for the week of April 1st- 4th. Attending this conference also from Nevada will be Tom Barnes, Joe Guild, JJ Goicoechea, and Ron Cerri. In DC we will have the opportunity to represent members of the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association by meeting with key congressional and agency influencers to talk about specific industry policies that affect the state. I will provide a follow-up of this event within the next issue of this publication. The NCA will be hosting a Legislative Breakfast at the Carson City Legislative Building in room 3100, Tuesday, April 30th from 7:30 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. This breakfast brings Legislators, NCA members, and other agricultural friends together to get acquainted and discuss issues relevant to agriculture. Though this breakfast is sponsored, reservations are encouraged by calling the NCA office. Lastly, the NCA is seeking graduating seniors interested in pursuing an education in an agricultural related field to apply for the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association Annual Scholarship. The NCA will be giving this year’s outstanding graduating senior a $1,000 scholarship to attend any junior college or four-year University to study in any agriculture related field.

Eligibility requirements for the Scholarship include: • • • •

Student Student Student Student

must must must must

be a senior graduating from a High School in Nevada plan to attend a Community College or a 4-year College or University be seeking a degree in an agriculturally related field have at least a 2.5 GPA

In addition to completing an application, candidates must also submit:

• A typewritten essay of 1,000 to 1,500 words on any current issue involving the beef industry including references cited • A copy of the student’s official transcripts • Three letters of reference


Scholarship application forms can be downloaded from the NCA’s website at www., or applicants can call the NCA office at 775-738-9214 or send a request to for a copy. Completed application form and all required information must be postmarked by Monday, April 15, 2019. If you are not currently a member of the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association, I encourage you to join. Become part of an Association that is working hard to protect and promote the future of ranching in Nevada. To learn more about the association or to become a member, please call the NCA office or visit our website. We look forward to hearing from you! If you are currently a member, we thank you for your continued support. Without your membership, the voice of the Association wouldn’t be as strong as it is today.

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PHOTO BY: David Kimble Benefits of purchasing a purebred dog include predictable physical traits, behavior, and temperament.

Designer Pooches

Is Hybrid Vigor important in stock dogs? Jennifer Whiteley Nevada Rancher Magazine

Winnemucca, Nev.—Everywhere you turn these days, someone has a puppy for sale. You go to a rodeo, a horse sale, or the county fair and you are guaranteed to some across a kid or two packing a puppy or dragging one along on a piece of twine. Nothing sells puppies better than a cute kid with a dirty face. Your prize border collie can breed the Jack Russel-Pit bull cross down the road, and if you have a cute kid and any ranching type event, you can sell them all in 2 hours. Call them a Jack Border Bull, slap a $600 price tag on them and you might even sell them in 30 minutes! Hybrid vigor is the increase in certain characteristics like growth rate, size, fertility, yield etc. of a particular hybrid organism over its parents. Hybrid vigor is also known by some other names, including heterosis and inbreeding enhancement. Hybrid vigor occurs because the hybrid offspring’s traits are enhanced due to the mixing of genetic contributions of its parents. If you do a little bit of research you will find that there are hundreds of different dog breeds out there, each with their own unique histories. Some breeds like the Shar Pei, the Siberian Husky, and the Saluki are called ancient breeds because they have origins dating back more than 500 years. Certain old and ancient breeds are also some of the healthiest dog breeds because they have the benefit of a large gene pool unlike some of the newer breeds that were developed through inbreeding or from a limited gene pool. In theory, these newer breeds may have more genetic problems due to their limited gene pool, and while both parents of these dogs may be 100% healthy, they can still pass genetic issues on to their offspring. Many people believe that designer dogs are inherently healthier than purebred dogs because they do not have the same predispositions for inherited conditions. The fact remains, however, that if both parent breeds are carriers for the same genetic condition, there is still a high risk that it will be passed on. With careful breeding and genetic testing, however, it is possible to decrease the risk for genetic defects but there is still a great deal of controversy regarding the idea that cross bred or designer dogs are healthier on the whole. Goldendoodle, Aussiedoodle, Mini Heelers, Borgi—these are just a few names portraying the hundreds of hybrid dogs that now populate the dog A Wheaten - Poodle hybrid, also known as a Whoodle, world. Their cutesy designer tend to be friendly and fun-loving and they get along particularly well with children.

“mutt” names may suggest dogs belonging to some prestigious breed, but turns out though that these hybrid dogs, Genetic basis of heterosis. Dominance hypothesis. Scenario are not a purebred dog A. Fewer genes are under-expressed in the homozygous individual. Gene expression in the offspring is equal to the at all. expression of the fittest parent. Overdominance hypothesis. A purebred dog by Scenario B. Over-expression of certain genes in the heterozydefinition is a dog who gous offspring. (The size of the circle depicts the expression has been selectively level of gene A). bred over many generations to “breed true.” When a dog breeds true it means that every puppy produced will look alike and Heelers come in blue or red colors, Border Collies most often come with a white collar, Kelpies generally come with prick ears and an athletic appearance, and Corgis have stumpy legs. When you plan to get a purebred puppy of a certain breed, you can rest assured you know for a good extent what you will be getting. These traits are what makes dog breeds so valuable to us; they come with that special look we have enjoyed throughout the years. When it comes to crossbred dogs, these dogs are the product of two different breeds of purebred dogs being crossed. According to the New World Encyclopedia, “In biology, a hybrid is the offspring of individuals of different taxonomic groups or, in another sense, an offspring of crosses between populations, breeds, or cultivars within a single species.” A crossbred dog is therefore not a breed and therefore, is not purebred. Unlike purebred dogs, these dogs do not breed true, this means that like a shot in the dark, when you cross two crossbred dogs, you’ll likely be getting a puppy with mixed traits that cannot be reliably predicted. Therefore, you’ll have to expect to see any combination of characteristics found in either of the parent breeds. Because crossbred dogs lack reliable traits and they’re not a breed, there’s no official breed standard for them. While studies show hybrid vigor is a good thing in cattle production, the jury is still out on dogs. Not enough studies have been performed to decide. Does this mean your Jack Border Bull won’t be a cow eating son of a gun? Its hard to say. If it gets many of his traits from the border collie side of the family, it just might. It might be the most athletic, aggressive dog with a lot of herd instinct you’ve ever had. Or it could be the most timid, hard headed, hyper dog you’ve ever seen, and good luck breeding for another one just like it!


Jerrold Gliko Belt - Little Belt native and Belt area resident, Jerry Gliko, 75, passed away quietly at Peace Hospice House in Great Falls, February 10, 2019 from complications of Emphysema and COPD. A vigil will be held at St. Mark’s Catholic Church in Belt on Thursday, February 14, 2019 at 7:00 pm. Funeral liturgy will take place at St. Mark’s in Belt on Friday, February 15, 2019 at 11:00 am. Cremation has taken place under the direction of O’Connor Funeral Home and internment of the ashes will take place at a later date. Born in Great Falls, Montana on June 10, 1943 to Rudy Gliko and Edna Lee Gliko, Jerry began life on the ranch in Little Belt. His life came full circle back to the ranch as he and his brother Gary have spent the last several years working together on the place. Doing what else, but picking rocks, spraying weeds and fixing fence. Just shy of his third birthday, Jerry suffered the untimely loss of his father Rudy. Gary joined the family three months later and Edna moved everyone to Great Falls for a short period of time. They soon returned to the ranch. Aided by faith and trust in God with help from family and neighbors, they moved forward. In 1951 Edna married Tony Urick. Three sisters and a brother were added to the family. All the kids looked to Jerry as a big brother and friend. Jerry attended one-room country schools around the ranch through grade eight and then graduated from Belt Valley High School. In 1961 he headed off to Montana State College in Bozeman to study Animal Science. After numerous interruptions, a college degree was obtained in the spring of 1969. He was then hired by the American Hereford Association as a Field Man. He then worked for the Association for several years based out of Kansas City, MO, living in various states and then went into ranch management. Eventually he found a spot with the Western Livestock Journal, where he was actively engaged for several decades. Livestock insurance added another industry dimension to his numerous capabilities. In addition, he produced the annual Stock Growers Association Directory. Agriculture and the cattle industry were his life-long occupations. His eternal optimism and gift of gab suited him well over the years. While working in Ohio, the delightful manager of Jerry’s apartment building caught his eye. Elaine Adams, raised in New Jersey and living in Ohio, brought a special dimension to Jerry’s life. They were married in Kansas City, MO in December of 1973 and before long moved to Billings, where sons Josh and Aron completed their family. While there, Jerry, enjoyed many family activities that centered around fishing and boating and spending time with his wife and sons. In 2008 Jerry and Elaine moved to their present residence north of Belt. In recent years Jerry has found strength through his church and the Knights of Columbus activities. Not to mention, those special visits with relatives, family and old friends. Jerry is survived by his wife of 45 years, Elaine of the family home; son Josh of Bozeman and San Diego, CA; son Aron of Bozeman; brothers Gary Gliko of Great Falls, Rick (Barb) Urick of Waxhaw, NC; sisters Debbie (Russ) Sorensen of Butte, Virginia (Bruce) Sorensen of Belgrade, and Becky Murray of Belgrade; sister -in-laws Jane of Pickerington, OH and Lin of Princeton, NJ; brother-in-law Joe Adams of Lancaster, OH; and fourteen nieces and nephews and their families. Preceding Jerry in death were his parents, Rudy Gliko and Edna Gliko Urick; parents-in-law Joe and Ruth Adams, and nephew Drew Murray. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Belt Volunteer Ambulance, St. Mark’s Knights of Columbus and Peace Hospice. The family would to like extend their sincere thanks to all of those who have extended such loving care of Jerry.


Spider “Reynold” Teller Survived by his wife, Tammy, brother Rocky (Clarice), brother Tom Love, son Derek, daughters Jessie, Shayleah, and Angie, grandchildren Evan, Ivy, Kaitlyn, T.C., Raiden, Mamo and Dimitri, several nieces and nephews, and many loved ones. Spider was a loving and caring man with a heart of gold. He was an outstanding horseman, often referred to as the best reinsman around. He had a love for training horses. He was an accomplished saddle maker and one heck of a roper. Spider grew up in Owyhee, NV and spend the last 20 years of his life in Gardnerville, NV. He was also a decorated Vietnam Veteran. In Lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the American Cancer Society.

Heavenly Father, I pause, mindful of the many blessings You have bestowed upon me. I ask that You will guide me in my life. Help me, Lord, to live my life in such manner that when I make that last ride to the country up there, where the grass grows lush and the water runs cool, that You’ll take me by the hand and say, “Welcome home, your new trail begins here.”

Harry Richard Bass November 16, 1933 - January 30, 2019 On Wednesday, January 30 2019, One of the Last True Cowboys, Harry Richard “Dick” Bass, passed away at the age of 85. Dick was born on November 16, 1933 in Caldwell, Idaho to Jonas and Launa Bass. He had one sister, JoAnn, born after him. Graduated from Nampa High School. He then entered the U.S. Army and was stationed in Germany. Dad was a true patriot in every sense of the word and served his country with pride up until his last day. He instilled this in his family on a regular basis, one of which was by supplying “Old Glory” to them and properly retiring those he replaced. On October 15, 1965 he married his “Sweetheart”, the one and only love of his life, Karen Owen and her three boys, Mike, Jim and Bob. They then made their lives together ranching in Reynolds Creek on the ZX Ranch. His boys treasure all of these memories with their Dad. Dick was a true western cowboy and Steward of the land who endlessly championed and fought for the ranching industry and way of life. The term “ he never met a stranger” is known by every person he ever met, or even shared an elevator with. “Good Ole Dick Bass” was one hell of a Cowboy, in every sense of the word. He was out riding “Girly” right up until two days before his passing. He wore many more hats during his life including 18 years serving as Commissioner of Owyhee County, 8 of those years as Chairman. Dick and Karen were lifetime members of the Owyhee Cattlemen’s Association, he serving as President in 1971. He was a committed and active proud member of the Nampa Elk’s Lodge #1389. He could be found there almost on a daily basis lending support and a helping hand. Dad has a passion for his community and showed that in many ways; one of those was picking up trash along the roadside and on horseback out on the trails. He appreciated the encouraging honking horns as people passed by. After retiring from ranching, he and Karen moved to Homedale, Idaho and then to Nampa, Idaho. He was an avid Owyhee County history buff. He and his horse, “Girly” spent many hours exploring the trails together and often with fellow riders. The last few years he was intrigued with the Oregon trail, taking his horse on all day rides by himself; finding old graves and artifacts that when he was ranching he did not have the time to do. Dick was preceeded in death by his parents, his sister, JoAnn Brogan, and his beloved wife, Karen. He is survived by his three sons, Mike and Sue Bass (grandchildren: Zane (Carrie) Bass, Zach (Tiffany) Bass, Sarah (Clint) Seymour), Jim and Debbie Bass (grandson Casey and Harmony Ryska) and Bob and Deana Bass (grandchildren: Sammie and Beau Bolinder), Wade Bass and fiancée Abigail Watkins, Annie Bass); great grand children Aspen, Acacia, Bella and Addy Ryska, Clayton and Gracie Seymour, Cadence and Reese Bass, Alison, Nicole and Beau Bass and Charlotte and baby boy Bolinder (due April 2019). We, the ones that were closest to him, were truly honored to call him Father, friend. If you were one of the many lucky ones to have known him, you know that he was a special person that was larger than life… he will be sorely missed by all. We all know that Dad is with his true love, Karen, and in his words, “riding for the JC Ranch in Heaven”. Memorial Donations may be made to: Nampa Elk’s Lodge #1389, 1116 1st St. S., Nampa, ID 83651

Marie JEanne Ansolabehere April 16 1940. December 21 2018 Marie Jeanne died unexpectedly at home of Pulmonary Thromboembolism December 21 . She came from the French Pyrenees when she was seventeen to live with her aunt and uncle Dolly Ruth and John Ansolabehere at their ranch in Boone canyon. She rode with Uncle John and learned to handle cows and tractors, and to cook with her aunt Dolly. After Johns death in 1968 she managed the ranch for Dolly Ruth. She had learned well, she opened new country with spring and well development, extended pipelines and tanks; dealt with BLM, the Forestry and cared for Dolly Ruth. She continued on the ranch for nine years after Dolly’s death in 1997, but found age and aches were making it too difficult to deal with ranching. She sold the ranch and bought a smaller place near Fallon, taking the old horses,pet sheep and favorite cows with her


I Got a Cow Dog Puppy Now what do I do with it? Jennifer Whiteley Nevada Rancher Magazine

Elko, Nev.—Julie Carreiro of Elko, Nevada and owner of JC Boer Goats has been training and exhibiting stock dogs since 1984. “In 1984 I acquired my firsts working cow dog who was a McNab cross, who was strictly a head dog. In 1990 I acquired a young Border Collie from the Animal Shelter who was named REX. This dog really changed how I worked cattle. REX knew how to read cattle. He had power, bite and balance. We worked so good together, I could use him on pairs, yearlings, bulls, sheep or ducks. I really wanted to learn more about training for a trial, so I purchased a video from Ben Means and went to a few trainers who helped me learn how to really train a good stock dog. I began trialing at ranch dog trials and won numerous championships with multiple dogs over the years. My most memorable trial was the invitational stock dog trial at the California State Fair where REX won Overall Grand. I continued to trial, purchasing pups from very reputable breeders and continued winning those dogs. Cattle prices continued to rise and the cost of fresh cattle to start pups on was too expensive. I had my band of sheep for the young pups, when someone told

me to try goats, because they work just like cattle. I did and ended up selling my band of sheep and purchased 20 head of registered Boer Goats. Hence, I am now a Registered Boer goat breeder to this day.” She has over 30 years of working dog experience. “I have bred registered Border Collies over the years, but find it is easier to purchase young pups from other breeders. Not every puppy will make a great cow dog or a great goat dog. Last year I acquired two pups from Cowboy and Shammy Rodriguez. I started both of the pups on goats and sheep and sold one other pups at just 6 months old at the Van Normal Sale. This pup had already learned short outruns, balance, gather, down and come off stock. The other pup is turning out to be very strong on goats as well and will hopefully be my next go to dog moving goats on the ranch.” When asked about selecting a puppy, Carreiro explained that she looks for good working parents and goes from there. Not every puppy in a litter will be a good dog, but having good parents helps. Carreiro prefers to use goats when training young dogs. They are more cost

PHOTO BY: Julie Carreiro

Carriero’s buckle from the California State Fair. “My most memorable trial was the invitational stock dog trial at the California State Fair where REX won Overall Grand.”

PHOTO BY: Julie Carreiro

Carreiro’s dog “Rex” who came from the animal shelter. She and Rex went on to top honors at theRANCHER California State Fair. 2019 10take   THE NEVADA – APRIL

effective than cattle. Goats are generally calmer and less quick to respond than some breeds of sheep, but don’t flock well and are likely to challenge a dog. “Mike Canadae used goats to train his dogs and always said if a dog can work a goat, he will transition to cattle easier. He was right. It takes a really strong dog to work goats, as they continually test the dogs.” There is no time like the present when it comes to training, she explains. “Training begins early on. Even when the pups are still on their mother. Once the puppy is weaned, I teach it how to walk on a leash and come to me. Then I start teaching the down and stay. I make sure the pup understands Good and Bad. At 8-9 weeks I will take to pup in the goat pens and do chores. Then I put a group of young goats in a small pen and start teaching the pup to get thru the goats along the walls. I want my dogs to be able to get close, even touching stock without biting. The bite will come if they have it. Once the pup is old enough and fast enough to get around stock, I will start working it on sheep or yearling goats. I don’t like to start teaching balance until the pup is big enough and fast enough to get around the stock, otherwise, pups will fall behind and start chasing stock, because they are not fast enough. I make sure my pups understand, the down, and to come off stock before I ever turn them loose on stock. This ensures the pup doesn’t get mixed singles when you can’t catch him, which will happen if the pup has lots of work in him. Taking the time to teach the pups has sure helped and made better dogs for me. I have

taken numerous adult dogs that people didn’t want because they would not listen and were attacking cattle and made very good using dogs out of them.” Discipline from the beginning and consistency are the key to a well-behaved stock dog. Carreiro keeps her dogs kenneled when they are not working. Leaving a working dog loose will cause him to develop bad habits, like chasing cars, or livestock. Carreiro believes “If you cannot stop your dog, then he should not be working stock.” You can find Julie Carreiro on Facebook, look for JC Boer Goats, or visit her website: .

PHOTO BY: Jennifer Whiteley

Carriero and her dog “Bart” handling goats during the stock dog preview at the 2018 Annual Van Norman and Friends Production Sale in Elko. Bart was the second-high selling dog at the event.

PHOTO BY: Julie Carreiro

Left to right, Lindsey Johns (Elko), Willis Rodriguez (Tuscarora), Sara Pfeifer (Tuscarora), Maimie Rodriguez (Tuscarora), Judge Doug Glosser (Iowa), Wylin McClain (Tuscarora), Alaina Vallet, and Julie Carreiro at the 2018 Great Basin Boer Goat Show, with her Grand JR goat.

PHOTO BY: Jennifer Whiteley

Carriero and Bart loading goats into the trailer after the sale preview.


e s a c w o h S g o Stock D Milkshake Finale Poem by Jessica Hedges

Across rural America there is an understood rule That you don’t walk too close to a pickup unless you’re a fool The reason for this is simple enough for most folks you see Because most ranch pickups are guarded by a good cow dog or three They’re not trying to be mean but its their job to watch the truck To make sure it’s not raided or vandalized by some dumb smuck Well I had just finished checking pairs in the Central Valley When I headed to McDonalds for a milkshake finale It happened to be St. Patrick’s Day so they’d have Shamrock Shakes I pulled my truck in next to a planter and hit the breaks

UPCOMING VIDEO SALES: Wednesday, April 10th Visalia, CA

I left my 6-month old McNab in the bed of my step side And headed toward the door of that fast food joint with a long stride I ordered me a milkshake and cheeseburger and sat down To watch the comings and goings of people here in town All of a sudden a man covered in green milkshake came in That minty ice cream substance dripping and oozing off his chin Screaming a few choice words, he asked who brought their damn dog with them A quick look around the joint told the man I was the problem I was the only cowboy in the restaurant that day And the only person who’d drive a pickup that looked that way The drippy green man apparently had an armload of shakes The skinny trail between my Ford truck and planter he takes

Thursday, May 2nd Catalog Deadline: April 17th

When a black and white beast with gums barred popped up from the truck bed The man threw those 8 shakes straight up and they came down on his head Now I know darn well that pup didn’t go over the truck side He’d just given that man a warning for being near my ride So the point of the melty mess is quite clear I think you’ll find Walking too close to a cowboy’s bed will put you in a bind

Thursday, May 30th Catalog Deadline: May 21st

Watch and Listen to the sale on the web at...

Market your cattle with the professionals!

Steve Lucas • Paradise Valley • (775) 761-7575 Mark Venturacci • Fallon • (775) 427-8713 Gary Nolan • Elko • (775) 734-5678 For details please call our office at 530-347-3793or email us at Look for the catalog and pictures on our web site: 12   THE NEVADA RANCHER – APRIL 2019

PHOTO BY: Amy Peterson “Every cowgirl needs a good horse and trusty companions” Captured in Mckay Idaho

PHOTO BY : Rachel Win es “Confidence and loyalty with a good view”. Tuff Grace (R) in (L) and Ruby Valley, NV

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PHOTO BY: Kacie Marin “Party ‘Til The Co ws Come Home” Lola was 13 years this picture. Take old in n in Beckwourth, CA


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Ways to Control Burrowing Rodents By Heather Smith Thomas Nevada Rancher Magazine Burrowing animals—ground squirrels, gophers, rock chucks--can damage a pasture and pose a risk for livestock if they step in the holes. There are several ways to get rid of these pests, according to Matt Brechwald, who operated a gopher control service based in Kuna, Idaho for many years. Control methods include poisoning, trapping, installing a physical barrier to keep them out of the field (but this is generally difficult and expensive), and hiring a pest-control applicator to get rid of them. “The person you hire to eliminate these animals may use several methods. The one I used most is carbon monoxide injection into their tunnels, to kill them. To do this, I purchased a piece of equipment called a PERC (pressurized exhaust rodent control) to get

POISONS – “The best poison available for gophers or voles is aluminum phosphide. It comes in pellet form and you drop it down into the tunnel and get it a little wet. This triggers a chemical reaction that produces fumes. This gas is extremely lethal and works well for killing the rodents, but you need to have an applicator’s license to legally use this poison.” You have to learn about the proper way to handle it, and take a test in order to become certified to use restricted products like this one. “The aluminum phosphide works really well, but there have been a few human fatalities using this, including two children in a house near Salt Lake City, Utah. The gas came up through a crack in the foundation and killed them. Now it can only be used for agricultural purposes by someone with an applicator’s


rid of gophers, voles and ground squirrels. There are other products available that you can purchase or that a hired operator might use. One is called a Rodenator and another is called a Verminator. These put a combination of propane and oxygen into the tunnel. Then this is ignited, which creates an explosion that is supposed to kill the rodents with the concussion and cave in the tunnel—to prevent re-infestation,” he says. “Another method farmers sometimes use is an implement pulled behind a tractor, making a tunnel and dropping bait in that tunnel. As gophers are burrowing, they come across that tunnel, start exploring it, and eat the bait. This is a way you can put poison bait into a field and cover a wide area in less time. I preferred my method, using carbon monoxide under pressure rather than poison,” says Brechwald.

license—with the education and authority to use it. Even for agricultural purposes it can’t be used within a certain distance from a residential structure,” he explains. “The poisons that can be purchased overthe-counter generally contain some form of cyanide in a bait for rodents to eat. One problem with these products is that in recent years the EPA cut down the level of active ingredients that can be used in those over-the-counter baits by about 50%. So they are not as lethal as they used to be and are not as effective,” says Brechwald. “If a gopher or ground squirrel samples this bait and don’t consume enough to kill them, it just makes them sick for a while—and then they won’t eat any more of that bait. They won’t touch it again,” he says.

Ground squirrels and voles leave their tunnels open, whereas gophers plug their tunnel openings with dirt. “There are some restrictions in various parts of the country on using poison bait for ground squirrels because other animals, such as burrowing owls, may go into those holes and eat the bait,” he explains. You need to read the labels on poison baits because there may be different provisions for ground squirrels, due to concerns about surface animals going in and eating the bait. “Sometimes there are issues with residual poisoning of other animals. People have treated pastures for ground squirrels or gophers with poison bait and then their dogs find the dead animals and get sick after eating those animals,” says Brechwald. “Poisons have their place. They can be

an easy way to deal with gophers because you can buy a probe to put down through the ground into a tunnel and drop the bait into the tunnel. There are some drawbacks, however; today they are often not as effective as in the past (with lower levels of poison) and carry a risk for poisoning other animals.” If bait ends up on the surface or dropped on the ground, livestock might ingest it. Some won’t eat anything strange, whereas others (especially calves or foals that might be curious) might sample or chew on all kinds of things. “Baits have their place, but many people want to avoid the risks,” he says.

TRAPS – “To trap gophers we dig out the tunnel and insert the trap down into the tunnel, or we use a box trap at the end of the tunnel that catches the animal as it comes out. There might be some concern using traps in a pasture because we have the hole opened up. If a horse or cow steps into it and onto one of the gut-clench traps it might pinch down on the animal’s foot or strike the bottom of the foot, and injure it. Even if it didn’t cause injury it might spook a horse when it snaps/pops and might indirectly cause injury when the horse leaps away from the hole or runs off,” says Brechwald. “If you plan to put traps in tunnels, you might want to take the livestock out of that pasture until you get the animals and traps removed. If livestock remain in the pasture, there is not just the risk for injury, but they might step into a hole and foul the trap—and the trap would no longer work,” he says. The positive aspect of using traps is that you know when you’ve captured the animal. There’s no wondering, because you find the body, or the animal in the box trap. “Depending on the time of year, this may mean that you have the culprit. But if it’s during the breeding season there may be more gophers in there, and the trap will only get one at a time,” he says. IGNITED PROPANE – “Concussion from the explosion will kill the animal and cave in the tunnel. Gophers are very territorial but if they are digging along and break into a tunnel system that is already there, they will explore that system if they are not challenged by the original dweller,” says Brechwald. “It helps to cave in the tunnels, so other ground squirrels won’t move into it. But I didn’t use this kind of machine because of some of the drawbacks to this method. A person would have to work a lot slower, to get the right combination of propane and oxygen in the tunnel and then set it off,” he says. Another drawback is the noise. “I was a police officer for 12 years and we got a lot of calls in the spring from people in the foothills whenever someone was igniting these. The neighbors were calling the police, thinking someone was shooting a gun or setting off

explosives. It can be very disruptive in a neighborhood,” he says. “There are also issues with fire danger, especially where everything can be so dry by July. We worry about sparks from the explosion setting fires in dry weeds, hay stacks, etc. There is also possibility of sparks or flame coming out of the tunnel at another location, near a haystack, when the propane is ignited. For me, the benefits of this machine were outweighed by the potential negatives,” he says.

SMOKE BOMBS – These can often be purchased at a farm supply store. “The disadvantage to these is that you have to open up the tunnel system, light the smoke bomb, get it down into the tunnel, then seal the tunnel up again. There are lower levels of success with these than when using a pressure system,” says Brechwald. If the gopher is deep in the tunnel when the smoke bomb is lit, there may not be enough smoke to kill it. The gopher may smell the smoke coming and plug the tunnel with dirt, isolating itself until the smoke dissipates. “There’s also some risk for fire danger in a weedy patch when everything is dry,” he says. INJECTING CARBON MONOXIDE – “The machine I used has a 14-horsepower motor mounted on it, along with an air compressor powered by that motor. All the exhaust from the motor goes through the cooling coil that goes into the air compressor. There, the carbon monoxide gets cooled, concentrated and goes into a pressure tank. Then when I went out to a group of gopher mounds, I inserted a probe into the tunnel through the ground surface to inject the carbon monoxide,” says Brechwald. He feels this is the most humane way to kill the rodents. With propane explosion the animal gets burned as it is killed. The gut-clench trap kills them fairly quickly but they suffer for a few moments as they die. With the cooled gas going into the tunnels, they are rendered unconscious from oxygen deprivation. “I just probed into the ground where I suspected the tunnel was located, and once I got inside the tunnel with the probe I turned on the gas. Once you learn how gophers build their mounds in relation to where their tunnels are located, it is easy to hit the tunnel on the first try. There are a couple holes in the tip of the probe. I open a valve and the carbon monoxide goes through those into the tunnel at very high pressure/concentration. With gophers we don’t have to seal off any other openings because they block off their own tunnels,” he says. Often if the gophers smell something coming into their tunnel, they push dirt up and block the tunnel, effectively shielding themselves from the gas—and wall themselves off. “They can smell through the dirt, so they just wait until the gas goes away, and then open it up again,” he says. -CONTINUES ON PAGE 32-

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Producer Pete is BACK! By Sarah Hummel, DVM Special to the Rancher

Last year around this time I debuted in the Nevada Rancher featuring a story about an outbreak of pneumonia, swollen joints, and neurologic problems in Producer Pete’s weaner calves. After some investigative work, we diagnosed Histophilus somni and implemented treatments as well as revamped his vaccination protocol. Producer Pete is happy to report that this year has been substantially less exciting. He has only had to treat a couple of minor pneumonia cases, all of which responded well to an oxytetracycline antibiotic. Last year I used Pete’s story as an example of what not to do regarding vaccines. This year I am happy to use Producer Pete as an example of what us veterinarians love to see when dealing with down-cows. We have been blessed with snow, rain, more snow and more rain this year. As

a Nevadan (from Montana) I rarely complain about any type of moisture we get, and I rarely hear other Nevadans complaining. This year though, the rain, mud and muck doesn’t seem to end. With this type of weather, we see a larger amount of down cows. This can be from the extra energy to wade through the muck, the decreased feed quality from last years crop (this has been a large problem in the central states this year), or the increased disease rates from the cold wet conditions. Producer Pete called me out to look at one such cow that had got stuck in a cattle-guard. They had managed to get her out of the cattle-guard, but she was unable to rise afterwards. When I pulled up, I saw exactly what I want to see with a down-cow. He had a means of getting her up, and a huge pile of fresh food and water where she could easily get to it. Producer Pete had put bedding under her so that she could keep relatively clean. He also has hip clamps that are put over the hooks, or tuber coxae, of cattle to aid in raising them. Pete had done a pretty good exam on her and didn’t think anything was broken. A good exam is essential for these animals. There is usually an initial reason they go down which needs to be addressed, and then a secondary insult to the muscles that these large animals are laying on which also need to be treated. I repeated the exam and I found a very alert, older cow. She did not have any large swellings or apparent breaks on any of the legs. I couldn’t feel a broken pelvis on rectal exam, and she didn’t have any signs of dislocated joints. She had likely hurt herself enough in the cattle-guard and damaged her muscles to the extent that she was unable to rise. In this case we had the advantage of knowing why she was down. The list of causes of down-cows is incredibly long, and we like to group them into categories. The first, and most common in cattle (including dairy animals) is trauma or injury to bones, joints and muscle. Trauma often stems from older or weak cows that are in heat that get mounted by a lot of animals. We see it a lot in our open cull cows in a feed lot. Trauma is a broad category as cattle can find unique ways of hurting themselves, as Producer Petes cow found a cattle-guard. Another category for down cows are those weak from other diseases. Examples of more common ones include pneumonia, mastitis (infection of the udder), metritis (infection of the uterus), and diseases affecting the nervous system such as polio and listeriosis. Anaplasma is another disease of the blood that can cause a cow to go down from weakness.


A third category are metabolic problems. These are most commonly seen in our dairy animals, but I have seen them in beef cattle as well. They include cattle with milk fever (low calcium), grass tetani

(low magnesium) and ketosis (a low-energy condition we see more in pregnant sheep and goats, but occasionally can see in cows that are getting low-quality feed). Producer Pete did everything he could for his cow: • He did a thorough exam to identify a cause for his cow to be down and treated that with anti-inflammatories (we used dexamethasone as we were confident she didn’t have any concurrent disease) • He provided her with a clean and comfortable environment • He provided her with fresh food and water AND made sure she could reach it • He raised her up and switched the sides that the cow was laying on multiple times a day Despite Producer Pete doing everything right for his cow, she had been unable to rise for over 2 days. This leads to a very poor prognosis that she will ever rise again. The shear weight of these animals causes muscle damage from the pressure. The dying muscle cells then release toxins into the body and result in systemic damage which then results in a cycle that is hard to break. In the end Producer Pete made the tough but humane decision to euthanize the cow after trying his best. Like most producers Pete respects his livestock, and the decision for euthanasia was difficult, especially after all the time and energy spent treating the cow and when the cow is mentally great, eating and drinking fine, and otherwise healthy. This is the unfortunate end for a lot of these animals. Down cows are frustrating. They are a lot of work to manage properly and often times don’t make it despite our best efforts. In my opinion, if you have the time, energy and resources to manage these animals properly, then go for it. Don’t hesitate to contact a veterinarian for advice or have them out for an exam. Otherwise, if you have a down cow that hasn’t rose or attempted to rise for 24 hours, the prognosis is poor and euthanasia is often times necessary. This is a tough decision and easy to put off, especially if the cow is eating and drinking fine. Some people feel guilty, some people just don’t want to give up, but it is more fair to the cow to make that decision as soon as it is apparent that her chances of rising are negligible. This is also when you can reach out to a veterinarian and see what their opinion is given your circumstance and see if they have any other suggestions. There are times though, we can successfully treat these cows and get them back on their feet. Now we introduce Producer Pete’s brother, Dapper Dan. After doing some herd work for Producer Pete, his brother asks me to come look at a down cow he had. This cow was close to calving and had some discharge from her vulva. She did not have any signs of trauma, no clinical signs of concurrent disease and she was close to calving though her cervix was not open. A metabolic cause was most likely causing her to be down. She was an older cow with a large udder so she may have had a mildly low calcium or not enough energy to support both her and the calf. We discussed the risks associated with inducing the cow to calve and decided it was worth a shot. So I gave her the drugs and returned the next day. The cervix had started to dilate somewhat, so I manually dilated it the rest of the way, and with Dapper Dan’s help we pulled a very large and healthy bull calf. We milked a measly amount of colostrum from the down cow, and gave her some steroids to decrease the damaging inflammation to her muscles. Dapper Dan continued to manage her by picking her up twice a day, changing the side that was down, and making sure she had plenty of food and water. By the next day, the cow was up and charging Dapper Dan, so all was well. I did not have CMPK (a calcium and magnesium supplement) at the time but looking back, I would have given her that under the skin as well. Lesson learned: I now always carry two bottles on me! Good outcomes are possible, but they can take some work! I hope everyone enjoys the moisture and looks forward to the amazing spring/summer ahead of us. • 877.223.5284 • We Ship

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Fallon, Nevada • Gardnerville, Nevada Spring Cattle Work Checklist Vaccines Minerals Antibiotics Needles: (Size) Syringes: (Type and Size) Syringe Repair Kit: (Gaskets, Tubes, Rings, etc.) Wormer & Applicator Ear Tags: (Brand, Color, Size, Custom?) Ear Tag Applicator and back up Branding Iron and Heat Source (Remember to Fill Your Propane) Scour Control Meds or Bolus Bolus Gun Screw Worm Spray Sharp Knife and Knife Sharpener Banding Equipment/Bands Dehorning Equipment Hot Shots, Wands, Batteries

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Dealing with Diphtheria in Calves By Heather Smith Thomas Nevada Rancher

Upper respiratory problems in cattle include diphtheria—which is infection and/or inflammation of the vocal folds of the larynx (voice box) at the back of the throat. Infection (necrotic laryngitis) and swelling from inflammation can be serious if it restricts the airways and makes breathing difficult. Dr. Steve Hendrick, Coaldale Veterinary Clinic, Coaldale, Alberta (a feedlot, dairy and cow-calf practice in southern Alberta) sees quite a few cases of diphtheria, in cow-calf operations and in feedlots. “It’s not something we deal with every day, but it happens fairly frequently, and today there are some better ways to treat severe cases.” Swelling in this area can restrict breathing, since air must travel through the larynx to get into the windpipe and on down to the lungs. “It can be very difficult for the animal to breathe, depending on how much swelling or trauma is involved in that area,” he says.

CAUSES – “We generally think that the trauma (opening the way for infection and inflammation) is caused by eating abrasive feeds like kochia or woody plants, or young calves trying to eat coarse straw. Trauma could also be caused by use of a tube feeder on baby calves. If the surface of that tube is rough instead of smooth (such as if it got chewed on when you were putting it into the calf’s mouth), or if it is forced down abruptly into the throat, it may scrape or

irritate the tissues of the larynx. This can result in infection and inflammation.” The infection is generally caused by pathogens that are present in the environment and commonly inhabit the upper respiratory tract. They simply need an opportunity to invade those tissues. “The main ‘bug’ that causes diphtheria is Fusobacterium necrophorum which is the same one that causes foot rot, liver abscesses and is often found in the gut and upper respiratory tract,” says Hendrick. “We also suspect that viruses such as IBR can play a role because they can damage the outer mucosa (lining of the respiratory tract) and open the way for the bacterial infection. In feedlots we also commonly see diphtheria in conjunction with histophilosis,” he says. Histophilus somni is a bacterium that lives in the nasal passages of cattle and sometimes causes an acute, often fatal, septicemic disease that can involve the respiratory, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, or nervous system, especially if it becomes complicated with other infectious agents (viruses or bacteria). “When doing a necropsy after a calf has died from this type of septicemia, when I cut open the larynx, it’s quite common to find a secondary laryngitis. Many of the respiratory bacteria including Histophilus, Manheimia, Mycoplasma, etc. can also cause infections in the larynx as well, but Fusobacterium is the one we blame the most for diphtheria, especially in baby calves. In the feedlot, however, you can get variety of ‘bugs’ that may be involved,” he says.

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SYMPTOMS – The calf will usually show some difficulty breathing. Due to the swelling in the larynx (which narrows the opening), the calf must make more effort for every breath. “Air has to pass those swollen folds, so they are also constantly getting more irritated with each breath, rubbing against each other,” says Hendrick. If you are near the calf you can hear wheezing noises as he breathes. At first glance you may think he has pneumonia because he is struggling for breath, but if you observe the respiratory effort you can tell the difference. A calf with pneumonia has trouble pushing the air out (of damaged lungs) whereas a calf with diphtheria is making more effort to draw the air in. Also, a calf with diphtheria will often be drooling and slobbering frothy saliva because he has trouble swallowing; saliva drips from his mouth. “If the calf is so busy trying to breathe, he can’t take time to swallow, and it drools from the mouth. Extra salivation can also be due to irritation from sores in the mouth as well as the throat,” Hendrick says. Sometimes the infection is mainly in the mouth and not in the throat, and that’s not as much problem for the calf because he can still breathe. The larynx area serves as a valve, sending food down the esophagus and air down the windpipe. “Most of the time you are just breathing, and the valve only closes off the airway when you swallow. When the calf has trouble breathing he doesn’t take time to swallow,” says Hendrick. If swelling in the throat closes off the airway too much, the calf may suffocate. If he is wheezing and struggling for breath and staggering from lack of oxygen, it becomes an emergency. You may need to slice through the windpipe below the larynx (carefully cutting between the ribs of cartilage surrounding the windpipe—with a very clean, sharp knife), for the calf to breathe through. Diphtheria is seen most commonly in calves, but older animals are not completely immune and sometimes they can also be affected. A mature animal has a larger throat and windpipe, however, and may not have as much trouble breathing if this area becomes swollen. “The infection may still affect the larynx and in some cases cause enough scar tissue in the vocal folds to affect the animal’s voice,” says Hendrick. Some of these cows seem to lose their voice and can’t bawl as loud anymore.

TREATMENT – “Infection in the larynx is generally very responsive to oxytetracycline because this antibiotic has a good distribution throughout the body. We also have good luck with penicillin. Some people would prefer to use the newer, longer-lasting drugs because then they don’t need to treat as often, but the oxytet or penicillin works very well. There are several antibiotics that can be used, and your choice may depend on your ability to catch that calf and how often you want to try to do that,” he says. It may take a long time to overcome the infection however. Every breath can continue to damage the already swollen voice box which is why it takes a long time to heal. Blood supply to this area of the body is also limited which makes getting enough antibiotics to the infection more difficult. This is why treatment may have to be continued for several weeks. “Producers need to talk to their own veterinarian regarding treatment and what might be recommended. Usually if treatment can be started early, if we can treat these animals for about a week or two, we can clear it up. With many other types of infections, we are often ok with just 3 or 4 days of antibiotic coverage, but diphtheria is persistent. This is one disease in which you don’t want to stop treatment until it is completely cleared up,” says Hendrick. If you stop too soon, the calf will relapse, and then it is a lot harder to clear it up and you may lose the calf. Sometimes it may take as much as a month of treatment, to get the calf over it, but there is a new way to help those persistent and serious cases. “What we do now is use a tracheostomy insert, to by-pass the swollen, irritated larynx and allow the calf to breathe through a hole in his windpipe. This insert comes in two pieces, and your veterinarian can place it into the calf’s windpipe below the larynx. We have great success with this, in baby calves,” he says. “We’ve had some pretty distressed calves come in that were very close to being at an emergency stage (suffocating), and have installed this insert to allow them to breathe. This gives the calf instant relief and he can breathe again,” says Hendrick. “And when you take that constant irritation away (the air being forced past the swollen folds of the larynx with every breath), within a couple weeks or a month the calf has healed and we don’t need to keep treating him with antibiotics that long. Usually the infection is already gone after a couple weeks’ treatment and this breathing by-pass just takes away the irritation so the larynx can heal,” he explains. “We have one client whose wife is a vet-tech and she puts these inserts in herself whenever they have a calf with diphtheria on their ranch. This is something your veterinarian can teach you how to do, but most ranchers only have sporadic cases (less than one a year) and would probably just have their veterinarian do it for them if they had a problem calf,” says Hendrick. “This can be an effective way to help a calf heal if it doesn’t respond enough to the initial week or two of antibiotics and is still having trouble breathing or isn’t improving adequately. It takes a bit of care, when the calf has the insert, because it may plug up now and then with mucus. The windpipe is lined with cilia, the tiny hair-like projections that constantly move any mucus/debris etc. up from the lungs so the animal can swallow it and get rid of it. Some of that mucus ends up in the insert and may plug the hole a bit. You need to keep checking it,” he says. If it starts to plug up, you can usually hear the calf making a wheezing sound as he breathes, since the mucus is obstructing the breathing hole. “If that happens you need to take the insert out and clean it, but once it’s clean the calf can breathe just fine again,” he explains. Just as important as antibiotic is use of anti-inflammatory medication

to reduce the swelling and irritation in the throat. This can ease the calf’s breathing and also help the irritated tissues start to heal. “Talk to your veterinarian about what you should use. Often in the feedlot and on ranches we recommend using dexamethasone as a single dose, right at the beginning, to help reduce that swelling. We don’t want to repeat it because prolonged use of steroids tends to hinder the immune system, but the dexamethasone can certainly make a difference for the calf,” says Hendrick. “There are also a number of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that can be used, but they are not as potent as some of the other options. Discuss this with your veterinarian and treat the calf Above Diphtheria- Tracheostomy Finished as soon as you realize he has a problem. We also have to make sure Left: Diphtheria insert pieced together we treat these calves long enough, with antibiotics,” he says. If you identify them early, treat them long enough, and help them breathe if necessary, you can save these calves.

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Meatless Monday Is this really a thing? By: Jennifer Whiteley Nevada Rancher Magazine

Winnemucca, Nev.—Are you familiar with Meatless Monday? Meatless Monday is not a new idea as some would think. During World War I, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation calling for every Tuesday to be meatless and for one meatless meal to be observed every day, for a total of nine meatless meals each week. The U.S. Food Administration urged families to reduce consumption of key staples to aid the war effort. Conserving food would support U.S. troops as well as feed populations in Europe where food production and distribution had been disrupted by war. “Food Will Win the War,” the government proclaimed, and “Meatless Tuesday” and “Wheatless Wednesday” were introduced to encourage Americans to do their part. The effect was overwhelming; more than 13 million families signed a pledge to observe the national meatless and wheatless conservation days. The campaign returned during World War II when President Franklin D. Roosevelt relaunched it, calling upon women on the home front to

2014 Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the United States.

Background Photo By: Jennifer Whiteley 20   THE NEVADA RANCHER – APRIL 2019

play a role in supporting the war effort. During this time, meat was being rationed, along with other commodities like sugar and gasoline. In the immediate post-war years, President Harry S. Truman continued the campaign to help feed war-ravaged Europe. The Harry Truman administration, through the Citizens Food Committee, encouraged “Meatless Tuesdays” and “Poultryless Thursdays” throughout the autumn of 1947; backlash was swift, noncompliance was rampant. Meatless Monday is a non-profit initiative of The Monday Campaigns that works in collaboration with the Center for a Livable Future at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. While it started out as a way to support our troops during WWI and WWII, it has taken a nefarious twist in the early 2000’s. The initiative was relaunched back in 2003 and is nearing the end of its second decade. Their goal is to reduce meat consumption by 15% for personal health and the health of the planet.

The Meatless Monday Agenda According to The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health: “LESS MEAT IS BETTER FOR THE PLANET. Producing meat uses a disproportionate amount of water. In fact, the water footprint of any animal-based food is larger than the water footprint of many plant-based foods with similar nutritional values. Taking into account all stages of production, one kilogram of beef requires nearly 40 times more water compared to the same amount of vegetables! Raising animals for food uses 30 percent of the entire land surface on the earth. In order to meet the demand to produce more meat, the pressure to clear forests and valuable land increases, thus contributing to land degradation, deforestation and the loss of important rainforests. Raising animals produces climate changing greenhouse gases (GHG), including methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. In fact, more GHGs are produced from animal production than from the transportation sector. LESS MEAT IS BETTER FOR ANIMALS AND THE PEOPLE WHO WORK WITH THEM.

Raising enough animals to meet the current demand for meat has led to the rise of industrial food animal production. This means that large numbers of animals are raised in very close proximity and in very harsh conditions. The result is unhygienic environments that are ideal breeding grounds for bacterial and viral pathogens. Some of the worst human working conditions are in meatpacking and processing plants. Residents living near these operations have higher rates of respiratory illnesses, stress and other sicknesses.” ( According to Johns Hopkins, kipping meat one day a week is good for you, great for your nation’s health, and better for the planet.

The Reality The “30% of the land used for meat production” is grazing land that cannot be used for anything else. It isn’t suitable for crops or other development. A 2013 study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reports that grass alone accounts for 50% of all feed in global livestock systems – much from underutilized pasture.

The greenhouse gas statistic that Meatless Mondays writes about is from a story written by the Worldwatch Institute, an anti-animal agriculture group. Actual numbers from the Food and Agricultural Organization, including the fact that global animal agriculture accounts for 14.5 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions can be found at: In reality, if humans removed meat from their diet for one meal a day, they would have to find a different source of protein, and potentially higher GHG emission. Removing beef from the U.S. diet would likely have a minimal impact on GHG emissions, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Beef production was only responsible for 1.9% of total U.S. GHG emissions in 2014. Livestock accounts for only 2.1 percent of all GHG in the U.S. (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2012) versus 14.5 percent worldwide. This is due to innovations made over the past 100 years that have led to farmers being more efficient in production of livestock, lowering the industry’s carbon footprint dramatically over the years. Compared to beef produced in the 1970s, U.S. beef producers today use 19 percent less feed, 12 percent less water, 33 percent less land and have a 16 percent lower carbon footprint to produce the same amount of beef. The fact is that energy and transportation at 31 percent and 27 percent respectively are the largest producers of GHG emissions in the U.S. (Capper, 2011). The good news is that those industries have also worked hard to reduce their impact on the environment. J.L. Capper, with the department of animal sciences at Washington State University, concluded that if all 325 million people in the U.S. decided to forgo eating meat for one day each week, the GHG emission reduction would be only 0.3 percent. If you want to do your part to reduce GHG, ride your bicycle or carpool to work, buy LED light bulbs, turn off your computer at night, reduce TV time and get a home energy audit. Each of these suggestions from the EPA will make a much bigger impact than skipping that steak or burger. Meatless Monday is now active in over 40 countries and continues to grow. Representatives from different nations are finding innovative ways to make meatless and vegetarian dishes part of their everyday culture, customs and cuisine. It is our responsibility as supporters of production agriculture to promote eating meat on Mondays.

Let’s call it Meat Eater Mondays instead!

Removing beef from the U.S. diet would likely have a minimal impact on GHG emissions. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, beef cattle production was responsible for 1.9% of total U.S. GHG emissions in 2014.

During World War I, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation calling for every Tuesday to be meatless and for one meatless meal to be observed every day, for a total of nine meatless meals each week. The U.S. Food Administration urged families to reduce consumption of key staples to aid the war effort. Conserving food would support U.S. troops as well as feed populations in Europe where food production and distribution had been disrupted by war. “Food Will Win the War,” the government proclaimed, and “Meatless Tuesday” and “Wheatless Wednesday” were introduced to encourage Americans to do their part.


Posed Photos Courtesy of Jim Snyder

Candids Courtesy of Celeste SettriniThe Bull Sale Bulletin

Sale Report A new record was set at the 20th anniversary Bulls for the 21st Century Sale. Sterling Confidence Plus 804, consigned by Dixie Valley, sold to Aaron and Rebecca Borror of Nine Peaks Angus, Jim Jensen of Lucky Seven Angus, and Arthur DeGrand of DeGrand Angus for $30,000. 804 is by Connealy Confidence Plus and out of a Hoover Dam daughter. He was champion calving ease Angus bull in the test and 2nd overall point bull. The overall high point bull and Champion Growth Angus, Westwind Granite DJH 761, by Diablo Black Granite 8036 and out of a EXAR Grit 1025B daughter, consigned by Westwind Angus, sold to Chris Gansberg for $7600.

es of making do with what is available, working toward goals, exercise, health, and enjoying beef. The Peterson Farm Brothers did a double performance for the Yerington students so that K through 12 heard their motivational and proag messages. Both performed Saturday afternoon for the bull sale crowd and the show was followed by the popular Western Nevada Cattlewomen’s dinner dance scholarship fundraiser. Nearly 400 people, including 150 Bulls for the 21st Century consignors and buyers, enjoyed a fantastic steak dinner cooked by Yerington Rotary club, contributed generously to the silent and live auctions and raffle, and danced until midnight to the wonderful music provided by Motley Spurs.

The high selling Red Angus bull, BAR S The Gage 566, by BAR S Redemption Y1334 and out of a Dunlouise Red Native F207 daughter, consigned by Phillips Red Angus was purchased by Terry Scott for $6000. The high selling Sim Angus bull, KG Combustible 830F, by FBF1 Combustible and out of a HAVE Improvement H382 daughter, consigned by Gudel Cattle Company was purchased by Bently Ranch for $4900. The high selling Hereford bull, BRL 501C T14 Fast Start 22F, by Churchill Kickstart 501C and out of a Dr World Class 517 10H daughter, consigned by Bell Ranch, was purchased by Julian Smith. The high selling Charolais bull, FTJ Paskenta 1843, by FTJ Paskenta 1530 and out of a FTJ 1004 Silver Distance 1201 daughter, consigned by Fred Jorgensen, was purchased by Stephan James for $3800. Champion Hereford and third high point bull, BRL 501C T14 Fast Start 22F, was consigned by Bell Ranch Champion Calving Ease Red angus, Trotters Premium 752, was consigned by Lana Trotter. Champion Charolais, LC Gridmaker 2714, was consigned by Cardey Ranches. Champion Composite, a LimFlex, ERRL Eclipse 0A36, was consigned by Easterly Romanov Ranch. Champion Growth Red Angus, Trotters Combination 729, was consigned by Lana Trotter. The top consignment award for the highest point average of the consignment went to Dixie Valley. The prestigious Lucy’s award is given to a consignor who always had required records on time, works hard to bring buyers, and helps promote the sale. This year’s 20th anniversary Lucy’s award went to Charlie Hone. As always, Snyders hosted a fantastic weekend. This year, the Snyder family and the bull sale consignors sponsored Lance Pekus and the Peterson Farm Brothers to entertain the sale crowd. Lance Pekus, the Cowboy Ninja Warrior, did a performance for Smith Valley School, inspiring the students with messag-


Below Charlie Hone and his family the recipients of “Lucy’s Award”

Above: Westwind Angus the recipients of the overall high point bull and Champion Growth Angus.

Above: Bell Ranch Herefords the recipients of the Champion Hereford and 3rd high point bull

Left: Julian Smith and Celeste Settrini. Julian purchased the high selling Hereford consigned by the Bell Ranch.

Above: Dixie Valley Ranch had the top selling bull for $30,000. They received the top consignment award for the highest point average bull.

Above: Lana Trotter recipient of the Champion Growth Red Angus Left: Lilla Bell of the Bell Ranch and Lana Trotter of Trotter’s Red Angus

Above: Cardey Ranches recipient for the Champion Charolais. At Right: Lance Pekus the “Cowboy Ninja”.

Above: Complete Composite award, a LimFlex, recipient was Easterly Romanov Ranch.


Nevada- A Natural for Indoor Farming Michelle Cook

Nevada Rancher Magazine

Imagine farming in a place where rainfall and sunshine are irrelevant, toxic pesticides are unnecessary, and the crop yield always is abundant. Where is this 21st-century utopia? A growing number of agricultural entrepreneurs say it’s indoors.

there also are some (practices) in the [outdoor fields] that can be done to conserve water. There is certainly a mix of ways to make agricultural practices — indoor and outdoor — more efficient.”

Here in the United States, the indoor agriculture trend is gaining considerable attention, but, like a teenager, it struggles with its identity. Mention hydroponics and many folks envision clandestine indoor marijuana-growing operations. Indeed, a great amount of valuable agricultural intel has been gleaned from such ventures. Many would argue that “a plant is a plant.” Some new indoor farmers are distancing themselves from their pot-growing counterparts due to inherent public relations challenges, while others keep a foot in both camps.

A century ago, fresh produce had no choice but to be local and seasonal, but technology changed all of that. Innovations in refrigeration and transportation allowed food production to concentrate in regions that could produce a wider variety of crops all year round. Today, the U.S. has one-third as many farms and three times as many people as it did a century ago.

“Because indoor agriculture is such a young industry — and naturally entrepreneurial — the definition is broad and changing,” says Nicola Kerslake of Newbean Capital, a Reno-based venture capital firm. Kerslake founded the Indoor Agriculture Conference here in Nevada. Entering its seventh year in 2019, the event brings together influential scientists, farmers, and entrepreneurs. Kerslake firmly believes that indoor agriculture isn’t about replacing traditional agriculture, but rather supplementing it. “It offers another tool that farmers can use [in meeting] the challenge of husbanding resources, especially water, and maximizing yield each year,” she says. “Indoor agriculture typically uses a fraction of the water and pesticides used in field farms, and indoor farmers use technology to control when produce is harvested, meaning less food waste.” Richard Jasoni, an associate research ecologist in the Desert Research Institute’s Earth and Ecosystem Sciences division in Reno, agrees. “More efficient farming practices are important in Nevada, mainly from the perspective of water saving,” Jasoni says. “Indoor agriculture can help with water saving;

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Our food is coming from fewer places, but feeding more people, most of whom live in cities. Three states — California, Arizona and Florida — produce more than three-quarters of the nation’s vegetables, measured by value. California alone produces 400 commodities, including one-third of all U.S. fresh fruits and vegetables and two-thirds of all the nuts. Bonnie Lind says Nevada is ripe for the benefits of commercial indoor agriculture. As the former renewable energy specialist for the Nevada Governor’s Office of Economic Development, Lind spent the last few years exploring how to diversify the state’s economy by using available resources. In particular, Lind researched and promoted the viability of large-scale commercial indoor agriculture in the state. “Las Vegas alone spends about $2 billion a year out of state for its food,” Lind says. She adds that the goal is to keep those dollars in the state. Additionally, when food is grown in state, transportation costs are lower and the carbon footprint is reduced. Lind believes Nevada is perfectly suited for indoor agriculture. There is a high demand for quality produce year round, while the outdoor growing season can be short. “It’s so much fresher, too,” Lind notes. “Instead of being picked, packed, and delivered from someplace else like California, [it’s grown in Nevada] and you’re gaining three to five more days of shelf life.”

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Carson City, Nevada 24   THE NEVADA RANCHER – APRIL 2019



Calving Time Management

Extension Highlights Pershing County Extension Educator-Steve Foster Calf losses at calving time are often a result of dystocia (difficult calving) problems. Many of these losses occur to calves born to first calf heifers and can be prevented if the heifers and cows are watched closely and the dystocia problems detected and corrected early. In the USDA’s Beef Cow/Calf Health and Productivity Audit (CHAPA), producers reported that 82.8 percent of heifers calving require no assistance in calving. Another 9.4 percent of heifers calving require some minor assistance (easy pull), and 7.4 percent require a significant amount of effort to deliver the calf (hard pull). However, many producers may not have the opportunity for early intervention because of the way they manage their cattle around calving time. On the average, producers check heifers 2.9 times per 24-hour period during the calving season. Over half of producers (57.2 percent) only check their heifers 1 to 2 times per 24-hour period. This means that heifers having trouble calving may be undetected for up to 12 to 24 hours. The CHAPA studies, also indicate that dystocia is responsible for 33 percent of all calf losses and 15.4 percent of beef cattle breeding losses. Dystocia can have a large economic impact on producers due to calf death, veterinary costs, decreased re-breeding efficiency, and injury or death to the cow. In three different studies, dystocia was the highest veterinary cost to cow-calf operations in Colorado, California, and Tennessee. Dystocia is also the number one cause of calf mortality in the first 96 hours of life. Pregnancy rates for the dam after losing a calf are lower than for dams that have not lost a calf. Studies also indicate that animals experiencing dystocia while delivering a live calf may have decreased re-breeding rates. Therefore, a sound management program to reduce dystocia and rapidly identify cattle experiencing dystocia is critical to cattle welfare and farm profitability.

There are three stages of labor in normal calving: First stage: The first stage of labor is when the cervix is dilating. This stage can last between 1 and 24 hours, but usually it is between 2 to 6 hours. Cows will often separate from the herd, and may be restless. They will not eat or drink and can have a vaginal discharge.

Second stage: The second stage begins when the cow starts contracting and continues until the calf is delivered. The amniotic sac, or water bag, will appear at the vulva. The fetus starts to enter the birth canal which then stimulates contractions that can be seen as abdominal press. A general rule is that delivery should be complete within 2 hours after the amniotic sac appears.

frequently tries to urinate or walks with her tail up and extended for more than 3 to 4 hours may have a uterine torsion (twisted uterus), an abnormally positioned calf, or other condition that blocks passage of the fetus and membranes so they are not visible. If there is an extended second-stage labor or the animal is not making progress, it needs to be examined. When examining a cow, good sanitation is very important future reproductive problems. When you pass your hand along the birth canal, there should not be any band marking the border between the birth canal and uterus, that is, you cannot identify the cervix. Next, determine the position and size of the calf. The normal position for a calf during delivery is both front legs extended with the head following and facing forward in a “diving” position. If the cow is dilated and the calf is in the normal position, but still no progress is being made, the fetus is prob-ably too large relative to the size of the heifer’s pelvis. Never attempt to deliver a calf in an abnormal position without first correcting its presentation as you could cause irreparable damage to the cow. If possible, call a veterinarian if there is any question regarding the presentation of the calf or as soon as you have exceeded your ability or comfort level. Pulling on a calf should only be done when the presentation and posture of the calf are normal. This applies both to an anterior position and a posterior position. Excess force should never be used in pulling a calf. In most cases, no more than two men should be allowed to pull and then only when the cow strains. Lubricant and patience will often solve the tightest case. Use extreme caution if a mechanical puller is being used. (Refer to, Calving Time Management for Beef Cows and Heifers, publication E-1006, http://pods.dasnr. pdf for more information about handling dystocia problems) Many calving difficulties could be eliminated by proper development of replacement heifers and/or breeding first calf heifers to bulls that will sire calves with below average birth weights. Of most importance is to know when to help, when to quit, and when it is time to call the veterinarian. Remember the length of stage 2 of parturition is important to calf survival and if a problem cannot be corrected within 20 to 30 minutes, you should seek assistance. Source: Calving Time Management for Beef Cows and Heifers, publication E-1006, Glenn Selk Professor, Extension Animal Reproduction Specialist Animal Science, Dave Sparks, DVM Area Food/Animal Quality and Health Specialist Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service.

Third stage: The third stage is when the placenta (afterbirth) is delivered. The placenta usually pass-es within the first 8 hours after birth. It is considered “retained” at 12 to 24 hours, but manually removing the afterbirth is not recommended. Dystocia is when it becomes difficult or impossible for the cow to deliver the calf without assistance. It can occur in the first and/or second stage of labor. Producers may not know the exact time the cow goes into labor, but careful observation, and knowing the general guidelines will help identify dystocia early. The big question is: when is a delivery a dystocia rather than a normal birth? If the amniotic sac appears at the vulva, then a good rule of thumb is the calf should be born within 2 hours. For a mature cow, it will probably be closer to 1 hour. If you do not know when the animal began labor, the most reliable way to assess if the animal is having trouble is the progress it is making. A cow or heifer should be making visible progress every 20 to 30 minutes that she is in active secondstage labor. One that


k o o b p a r c S Ranching

PHOTO BY: Quin Whiteley We tag every calf with a number that matches its mom. That way we know who it is if it gets sick or lost.

It’s calving season in Lamoille! By Trent and Quin Whiteley Special to the Rancher

Lamoille, Nev.—It’s calving season in Lamoille! The weather hasn’t cooperated enough just yet. It felt like it would never quit snowing, then it got cold. We are ready for sunshine, warm weather, and lots of calves to brand. You have to get through calving season to get to branding season! Trent thinks “calving season is really fun. I get to do a lot of things that other people probably never get to do. Lots of people never see a calf in real life and I get to work with them everyday after school and on the weekends. I help dad get calves to nurse a cow, I also help him find new babies and look for cows who are starting to calve.” He loves to eat beef. Trent’s best advice for calving season is to avoid angry cows. Some days this is easier said than done. “I enjoy branding season a lot more than calving season because the snow is gone! My dad helps me rope when I’m not working the ground. I like the smell of the branding smoke.” Trent explains. He also enjoys taking pictures

of the branding crew doing their thing. Quin’s favorite season is Calving Season. “We get calves during calving season. Calves grow into cows, and I love New York Steaks! I help my parents look for new calves. I think it is funny when my dad gets chased by mad mama cows. I’d feel really bad if one of them hurt my dad though. The moral of the story is just don’t make a cow mad!” Quin is looking forward to branding season because we get to rope cows. Trent and Quin are the 11-year-old and 9-year-old sons of staff writer Jennifer and her husband Travis Whiteley. They live in Lamoille, Nevada and work for Maggie Creek Ranch. When they aren’t busy with school work, they help their parents with all aspects of ranch life, horseback, on the feed wagon, fixing fence, and spraying weeds. They enjoy taking pictures and chronicling their life on the ranch.

PHOTO BY: Jennifer Whiteley We just like babies because pretty soon they will be big enough to rope and brand.

PHOTO BY: Quin Whiteley This cow really didn’t like dad! He says she is all bluff, but I’m not so sure. I tried to go distract her, but dad said that was a bad idea, so I stayed at the pick up!

PHOTO BY: Quin Whiteley Sometimes the moms don’t like it very much when my dad messes with them. Dad is measuring this calf with a foot tape to see how much it weighs.

PHOTO BY: Quin Whiteley I love calving season! I like seeing all of the new babies when I go with dad after school to check cows.

PHOTO BY: Trent Whiteley Our Gramps headed to the branding fire while Aunt Carissa comes into heel it.

PHOTO BY: Trent Whiteley Above: Our cousin Mike Vipham grabs the rope on a calf as it comes into the branding fire.

PHOTO BY: Trent Whiteley Pretty soon we will have green grass and no more snow. That means dad will start tuning up our horses for branding season.

PHOTO BY: Trent Whiteley Dad helps a new Charolais calf figure out how to suck. It’s important for new calves to get plenty of colostrum.

JACK WARN NAMED 2019 ‘RANCH HAND OF THE YEAR’ Annual award bestowed during 30th Ranch Hand Rodeo competition SPECIAL TO THE RANCHER

WINNEMUCCA, Nev.— Jack Warn was honored as the 2019 “Ranch Hand of the Year” during the event’s 30th anniversary celebration. It’s a worthy tribute for the longtime northern Nevada resident, cowboy, rancher, brand inspector and more, according to Agricultural District No. 3 President Kent Maher. “Jack Warn has been a longtime fixture in the ranching community,” said Maher. “He deserves this honor and the chance to stand alongside our other greats who have strengthened our local ranching heritage.” Jack Warn was born January 18, 1943, to Vernon and Shirley Warn in Jordan Valley, Oregon. He is the

youngest of three siblings including sister Donna Warn Martinat and brother Terry Warn. As a young lad in Jordan Valley, his family moved from the Soldier Creek Ranch to a house that his parents built a little closer to town; that’s where Jack grew up with his family. His brother Terry raised his family in that same house, and still resides there to this day. Jack grew up scrappy and tough and was horseback at an early age, learning about cows and the land from his father and his uncles. His passion for horses arrived early and the animals soon became a necessary part of his life. In July 1970, at age 28, he married the love of his life, Marilynn Dee Mentaberry, better known as Mernie. The two developed eyes for each other at an early age as Mernie would travel in the summers from McDermitt to Jordan Valley to stay with her aunt and uncle, Laz and Vivian Mendieta. As a young man Jack cowboyed around the McDermitt and Paradise Valley areas. He quickly became known as a good cowhand and a “helluva” bronc rider. Jack rode mustangs and wild buckers that shouldn’t have been started until they were five or older; they had a wildness in

2019 Ranch Hand Rodeo of the Year – Jack Warn – Winnemucca, NV Presented by Tom Brown, RHR Chairman & Kim Petersen, Director

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their eyes and would launch into unexpected fits and starts that would land a guy head first into the hard ground. These were the horses that spoke to him the most in the early years.

throughout the Nevada, Oregon, and Idaho borders; and if you don’t know him, chances are you probably know someone who might. Jack is proud of his family, including children Jaci and Todd, six grandchildren, and the extended family he has chosen along the way. His children say they are grateful for his wisdom and dedication to his lifestyle of ranching and animal husbandry, passing across from one generation to the next the cowboy way.

People far and wide would bring Jack horses to break and ride. He turned horses that were rough, rude, and crude into finely tuned animals. The finished product was never anything less than a Jack Warn special. In later years, he had an eye for horses that had a temperament to carry his grandchildren. Not only that, but he passes down to those children and grandchildren his knowledge of stock, and good stewardship of the land. In 1978, Jack and Mernie moved from Jordan Valley to Winnemucca where they purchased a trailer park from Mernie’s parents, John and Angela Mentaberry. Jack quickly fit in and made life-long friends in the area. One of Jack’s favorite things to do out horseback or gathering cows was to recite his own version of poetry. That’s right: Jack Warn is a cowboy poet in his own right, with poems so colorful that most can’t be repeated. In 2000, Jack became a brand inspector, which he loved—and it was a great fit for him. He traveled the Humboldt county area, and was one of the busiest brand inspectors. He was able to master an iPad and mobile printing device that he had in his truck, which is certainly a testament to his character.

The “Ranch Hand of the Year” award is sponsored by the Agricultural District No. 3 as a way to recognize those men and women who make their living in the ranching industry. Past recipients include Frank Loveland, Loui Cerri, Harold Chapin, John and Tim DeLong, Buster Dufurrena, Jane Angus, Larry Hill, Louie and Frank Bidart, Sammye and Dan Ugalde, John Falen, Lilla and Woodie Bell, Garley Amos, and Buck Tipton. “We wish to recognize the outstanding people who have contributed so much, not only to the ranching community, but to cowboy heritage itself,” said Agricultural Director No. 3 Director Kim Petersen. Jack Warn was presented with the 2019 “Ranch Hand of the Year” award on Saturday, March 2, before the kickoff of the 30th annual Ranch Hand Rodeo.

In the early fall of 2017, this tough old cowboy had a horse accident that landed him in ICU for 31 days, followed by three more weeks in the hospital. He broke seven ribs on one side, one on the other, suffered a brain bleed, and a traumatic brain injury, which still causes him to have double vision. Each day he heals and gets better. In true cowboy fashion, he has been horseback several times since then, gathering cows and even swinging a rope at a branding and still coming up with two back feet. His children can testify that Jack has rarely thrown a rope that didn’t hit its mark. Jack is a beautiful roper indeed. Jack Warn has the kind of style and grit that comes natural to a man who is called a cowboy. He has spent his whole life around these tri-corner states; he seems to be pretty well-known

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Winnemucca Ranch Hand Rodeo Weekend

The 2019 Winnemucca Ranch Hand Rodeo included 33 teams who competed for over $17,000 in cash, along with buckles, prizes, and bragging rights!

FINAL 2019 RODEO RESULTS 1st- C7 Ranch – Gooding, ID 2nd- Owyhee Guys – Beowawe, NV 3rd- Jim Ranch – Owyhee, OR 4th- Badlands Gang – Burns, OR 5th- TL Ranch – Bruneau, ID Top Hand- Junior Harney – Owyhee Guys – Beowawe, NV Steer Stop- Courtney Frazier – Jim Ranch – Owyhee, OR Saddle Bronc- Dalton Jim – Jim Ranch – Owyhee, OR Branding- C7 Ranch – Gooding, ID Mugging- C7 Ranch – Gooding, ID Ranch Doctoring- Bar W Ranch – Winnemucca, NV Team Roping- TL Ranch – Bruneau, ID Trailer Loading- Ranch Doctoring- Bar W Ranch – Winnemucca, NV 2019 STOCK HORSE CHALLENGE Open Ranch Horse Champion Handy N Gotta Gun – Owned and ridden by Flint Lee Open Snaffle Bit/Hackamore Champion Nibbles – Owned and ridden by Jymme Dominguez Open Two Rein/Bridle Handy N Gotta Gun – Owned and ridden by Flint Lee Non-Pro Snaffle Bit/ Hackamore Champion Chip – Owned and ridden by Jake Brennan Non-Pro Two-Rein/Bridle Champion Chubs – Owned and ridden by Rolly Lisle Limited Non Pro Bridle Cats Gotta Pepto – Owned and ridden by Bea Lee 2019 WINNEMUCCA RANCH, ROPE & PERFORMANCE HORSE SALE Overall average - $ 6,870 Top ten average - $11,030 High selling horse- Lot 13 –Pretty Boy Rap - $19,750

At Left: Ranch Hand Rodeo Top Hand Junior Harney - Owyhee Guys – Beowawe, NV At Right: Consignor: Leonardo Valdez – Winnemucca, NV Buyer: Matt White – Middleton, ID Below: Pictured: Handy N Gotta Gun – Owned and ridden by Flint Lee

Above: Wild Horse Racing First Place Team Outlaw– Warm Springs, OR and Klamath Falls, OR

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Preview 9:0 am ~ SALE

1:00PM Live Auction Sale!

Winning Team- C7 Cattle from Gooding, ID Calcutta Winner- Mike Eiguren & Delbert Jim

Pictured: Mike Eiguren (Calcutta Winner), Matt Azevedo, Candida Eldridge, Casey Brunson, Delbert Jim (Calcutta Winner), Dan Webb, and Jared Parke. Presented with a hand-tooled rope cans in memory of Garley Amos and Tim DeLong donated by Jim and Mary Sue Davis.


Proceeds benefit Feather River College Foundation: Equine Studies Sale Managed by Feather River College. Auctioneer Eric Duarte (530) 283-0202 ext. 272 ~ 570 Golden Eagle Ave. Quincy, CA

Winnemucca RHR Barrel Bash Results The 2019 Winnemucca Barrel Bash hosted over 200 barrel racers each day of the three day



FACE 1st 18.983 $ 62.00


in winnings was distributed!!


4D Placing 1st 18.688 $103.00 ARLEE MORRISON on FLINCH

4D Placing

4D Placing 1st 18.417 $521.00

barrel race event. Over $40,000

JUDI Senior – Sunday


1D Placing 1st 17.072 $132.00

Open – Sunday

Open - Friday

1D Placing

Youth- Saturday





2D Placings

3D Placing JES-

SICA LANCASTER on RIDDICK 4D Placing 1st 18.652 $244.00 JAYCI LADNER on CLASSY MOON BADGER Open - Saturday 1D Placing 1st 16.412 $998.00 DEANNA DAVIS on HAYLESS DASHAIR MOJO 2D Placing 1st 16.932 $704.00 1134 KELSIE MILLER on AMR JUMPIN


1st 17.143 $693.00 4242C19

2D Placing

1st 17.118 $330.00

2D Placings 1st 17.911 $101.00


1st 17.011 $152.00



1st 16.640 $770.00

1D Placing

1st 16.608 $366.00

1st 17.612 $281.00


1st 18.016 $ 71.00

1st 17.421 $599.00 RIATA GOEMMER on JAMES

1st 17.549 $137.00


1st 18.314 $ 74.00





3D Placing

3D Placing


1st 18.075 $116.00

1st 17.682 $590.00




4D Placing

Open Average – Sat/Sun 1D Placings 1st 33.418 $288.00

1st 18.651 $513.00

4D Placing




Youth – Sunday



1D Placing

1st 19.025 $101.00

Senior - Saturday




1st 35.446 $165.00

2D Placing 1st 17.191 $139.00


2D Placings 1st 34.455 $247.00

1st 16.640 $170.00 BAYLI LADNER on STAR OF

1D Placing 1st 16.765 $ 92.00



2D Placing 1st 17.299 $ 83.00



3D Placing

3D Placing

Pictured High Desert Queens Kayleigh Marshall & Brooke Hodge, Pat Browning, SSIR Queen Bailey Reynolds, and Trial Director T.M. Casey

1st 37.431 $123.00

3D Placing 1st 17.687 $118.00



Pictured High Desert Queens Kayleigh Marshall & Brooke Hodge, Clint Johnson, SSIR Queen Bailey Reynolds, and Trial Director T.M. Casey

The Winnemucca Cow Dog Trial Results Demonstrating the agility and function of our four-legged ranch partners. By Jennifer Whiteley Nevada Rancher Magazine

Winnemucca, Nev.—The 30th annual Winnemucca Ranch Hand Rodeo was held at the Winnemucca Events Complex in Winnemucca, Nevada February 27th- March 3rd. In addition to the rodeo and horse sale, the dog trial was a must-see event. The trial welcomed dogs and their handlers from across the West. Cow dogs are an essential part of a ranch operation. The trial provided a venue to demonstrate the agility and functionality of our canine companions. The Winnemucca Cow Dog Trial ran Wednesday and Thursday of Ranch Hand Rodeo Weekend. The Cow Dog Finals took place Thursday evening. RESULTS: Brace Champion- Pat Browning with Jack & Roy Open Champion- Clint Johnson with Drover Intermediate ChampionAlvin Young with Bo Ranch Champion- Jake Christensen with Frank Nursery Champion- Tom Richards with Del

FINAL RESULTS BY CLASSBrace Class – 1st- Pat Browning with Jack & Roy 2nd- Robin Brown with BC Ox & SCR Reinee 3rd- Carol Gerken with Cash & Kali Open Class – 1st- Clint Johnson with Drover

2nd- Boe Suhr with Hays Bee 3rd- Tom Richards with Del 4th- Pat Browning with Jack 5th- Rocky Brown with Liz Intermediate Class – 1st- Alvin Young with Bo 2nd- Jim Conklin with Abby 3rd- Jared Higby with Tom Ranch Class –

1st- Jake Christensen with Frank 2nd- Sarah Porter with Molly 3rd- Carol Gerken with Cash Nursery Class – 1st- Tom Richards with Del 2nd- Jeff Clausen with Bella 3rd- Dustin Wood with Apple

Photo By: David Kimble Jr Bailey of Sandy Valley, Nevada’s dogs get ahead and attempt to turn yearlings.

Photo By: David Kimble Robin Brown of Indian Valley, Idaho’s dog creeps along the side of the yearlings, waiting to turn them.


-CONTINUED FROM PAGE 14 & 15This is why some types of fumigants are not very effective, or even the carbon monoxide a person might direct down their tunnel with a hose from vehicle exhaust. “Some people think carbon monoxide doesn’t work because someone tried it with a hose connected to a tail pipe of a car and it wasn’t successful,” says Brechwald. “With the PERC method, however, the carbon monoxide is coming in at such high pressure that the gophers are unable to wall themselves off quickly enough. They become Ground Squirrel in a mound. overwhelmed almost immediately. Also there is so much pressure that if they try to push dirt up, this just blows the dirt block out,” he explains. This is what makes the pressurized system so effective. “There are many tools you can buy, to hook up a hose to the tail pipe of a car or a lawn mower, but you don’t have the advantage of pressure. Also, you have to open up the tunnel to stick the hose into it, which also creates a way for the gas to escape. The key to the PERC is not the carbon monoxide, but the way it is applied,” he explains. “We use the PERC on ground squirrels as well as gophers and it works very well. I’ve done jobs where I didn’t plug the holes; I just run the gas through them. The ground squirrels seem more susceptible to the carbon monoxide than gophers, so even if there is gas escaping on the other end we are still able to exterminate ground squirrels.” With gophers it’s best to have no openings for the gas to leak out.

PREPARING THE GROUND – Usually the area where there’s been a colony of gophers, ground squirrels, etc. is riddled with mounds and holes. “Once you get rid of these animals you can go over it with a disc or harrow to smooth it out, but there’s an advantage to smoothing it out first. If I go out to a farm or pasture on a dry piece of ground that is really infested, I often suggest that the owner work that piece of ground before I treat it,” he says. If a person can go over it with a disk or a harrow to smooth it up just before it is treated, this can be very helpful. “I come back 4 or 5 days later, and the gophers or ground squirrels will be popping up—opening up their holes again. Where there’s any new activity, I’ll know exactly where they are. Unless it’s in a really nice pasture where a person wouldn’t want to disk, this makes it easier to get them.” If a farmer will be rotating a crop in a gopher infested area, putting in new pasture or planting a new hay crop, there is another way that can help to eliminate gophers, voles and ground squirrels mechanically. “This involves deep ripping, but if you are only going to disk it is also worth giving this a try, especially if voles are a problem,” he says. “Try to time it to rip or disk the ground right before or after the first or second hard freeze of the season. Gophers and voles do no hibernate. To survive the winter they store food in their tunnel systems and rely on the temperature of the earth to help them live through winter. Ground squirrels go through a few stages of estivation or abbreviated hibernations during the year,” says Brechwald. “When the first hard freeze approaches, gophers become less active, staying deeper in their holes and consuming stored food sources. Squirrels will be estivating, burrowed deeper in the soil behind a wall of dirt. Voles will be active but waiting for a blanket of snow to protect them from predators and insulate their burrows. If you rip the ground at this point you disturb all the tunnel systems. This will cause pocket gophers to lose all the food they stored for winter because there is no longer a tunnel leading to it. It will also destroy tunnels of the ground squirrels and voles, causing the squirrels to come out of estivation and start metabolizing calories they would otherwise be conserving. Last, it aerates the soil, diminishing its insulating capabilities and possibly lowering the depth to which it will freeze,” he explains. All these factors combined together can disrupt the systems by which these rodents survive the winter and create a situation in which you can facilitate a large winter kill, reducing the population significantly.


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Bull Sale Reports

A special thank you to all of the bull sale clients who chose to invest their advertising dollars in the Nevada Rancher Magazine. Spring Cove Ranch Centennial Celebration Sale March 11th, 2019 Bulls 160 @ $4558 Registered yearling heifers 45 @ $2890 Commercial yearling Heifers 31 @ $1250 High selling bulls: Lot 100, Spring Cove Resource 191E, to Grimmius Cattle Co,Hanford, CA @ $40,000 Lot 10, Spring Cove Milestone 46F, to Grimmius Cattle Co, Hanford CA @ $20,000 Lot 101, Spring Cove Resource 193E, to Elk Meadows Ranch, Dell, MT @ $15,000 Lot 2, Spring Cove Tradition 64F, to

Morgan Ranches, Jordan Valley, OR @14,000 Lot 1, Spring Cove Centennial 7F, to Elk Meadows Ranch, Dell, MT @ $13,500 Lot 5, Spring Cove Creed 52F, to Elk Meadows Ranch, Dell, MT @ $13,000 Lot 12, Spring Cove Paygrade 18F, to Elk Meadows Ranch, Dell, MT @ $12,000 Lot 3, Spring Cove Heritage 53F, to GS Livestock, Greg Brown, Aberdeen, Idaho $11,000 Lot 4, Spring Cove Extant 54F, to Morgan Ranches, Jordan Valley, Oregon @ $11,000 Lot 9, Spring Cove Cowboy Up 41F, to Jeff Sackmann & Jeff Schmidt, Warden, WA @ $10,500


Lot 35,Spring Cove Resource V4 45F, to Rabbit Creek Ranch, Elko, Nevada @$9000 Lot 13, Spring Cove Resource 69F, to Morgan Ranches, Jordan Valley, OR @$9000 Lot 19, Spring Cove True Grit 9F, to GS Livestock, Greg Brown, Aberdeen, Idaho @$9000 Lot 81, Spring Cove Crossbow 10F, to Rabbit Creek Ranches, Elko, Nevada @$9000 High selling females: Lot 195, Spring Cove Liza 8063, to 2S Angus, Seneca, MO for $16,000 Lot 180, Spring Cove Laura 826, to TD Angus, North Platte, NE for $7250 Lot 181, Spring Cove Blossom 823, to 2S Angus, Seneca, MO for $6500

2019 SALE SUMMARY Harrell Hereford Ranch March 4, 2019 # KIND AVE$ 107 Yearling Bulls $6,018 26 Two-Yr.-Old Bulls $4,965 133 Total Bulls $5,812 36 Registered Heifers $2,844 7 Fall Bred Cows $2,371 Harrell-Mackenzie Quarter Horses 11 Quarter Horse Performance Prospects $6,741 Auctioneers: CD Butch Booker and Rick Machado Sale Management: United Livestock Brokers, Inc.


Lorenzen Ranch 60yh Anniversary Sale Feb. 28, Madras, OR 109 Red Angus bulls $4,822 47 Composite bulls 4,537 20 Reg. Females 1,610 Auctioneer: Trent Stewart TOPS—Bulls: Lorenzen The Firm 8188, 1/16/18 by LSF MEW Patinum 5660C; to 3K Land and Cattle, Justin, TX, $22,500. Lorenzen Warrant 8273, 2/6/18 by LSF SRR Premium 3179A; to Rossi Ranches, Paulina, OR, and GRF Farms, Pasco, WA, $21,000. Lorezen Task Force 8823, 1/20/18 by Lorenzen 6022; to Ron Hotchkiss, Lakeview, OR, $11,750. Lorenzen Mr Profit 8938, 2/2/18 by HXC Charter 6610D; to Rossi Ranches, $10,000. Lorenzen Advanced Placement E16, 9/6/17 by LSF MEW Patinum 5660C; to Greg and Wendy Bedortha, Paulina, OR, $8,250.


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Meet Cristi Walker A CattleWomen Series Produced by Ruby Uhart My name is Cristi Walker and I was born and raised in Owyhee, Nevada (Nevada/ Idaho border, literally) on the Duck Valley Indian Reservation [1877] – 100 miles from the nearest town. I am of Shoshone, Paiute, Portuguese and Italian descent. My paternal Grandfather came from Pyramid Lake, my Grandmother’s family from Paradise Valley and Maternal family is from the Austin, Nevada area. Our mother, Margaret “Maggie” Cunha, was a Home Economics Teacher and our father, George Walker was a straight up Cowboy, Horseman and Cattle Rancher. We grew up tough, but learned more than most kids – somehow, I figure that taught us to do better. With that said, I left to get an education; where I chose work, over school and eventually just came “Home” - where I knew my heart was. Today, my husband and I raise Angus cattle and have a Brood Mare Program [thanks to Bill & Marie Kane] which consist of mainly blue, red roan working cow horses [sired by a grandson of Peptoboonsmal]. We consign through the Van Norman Production Sale in Elko or we’ll sell outright as people are interested. Ryan teaches Agriculture at the High School here on Owyhee and has taken up making saddles. I learned how to cover stirrups from Spider Teller and my sister-in-law Laura Estes builds our cinches. This time of year, my daily work schedule includes waking early, layering up, getting the wood stoves loaded, hoping that the truck will start and drive to find the feed crew to get our older cows fed. Then I head to join up with the MT Ranch crew and help them feed for the day. I get home to break ice, grain and feed animals we have around the barn which varies from yearlings colts, calves, to cats, dogs and includes any stragglers. I then head up to get a tractor to load for first year heifers and believe it or not, a dang Ford truck will run by itself in low 4WD – all I have to do is jump out and onto the flatbed to feed (TG for 3 & 4x4 bales!) When I get home, I load once again for the following day and try to find something to cook for dinner. I usually have a little bit of a break while I wait for the guys to get home from school, so I attempt to get laundry or housework done… but then it starts all over and I head out to feed in the saddle horses and mares. In the

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midst of all of this chaos, I do try to find time to eat and also work in the saddle shop - haha! I never really understood why people would always say there are “not enough hours in a day” – I now know! Every day is an adventure though – whether it be thick ice, mad cow, mad husbands (haha!) burnt food, tough hands, being treated like a guy sometimes or lack of fresh flowers…I wouldn’t trade it for the world! My favorite time of year would have to be late Summer/early Fall – the haying’s done, we get to start gathering cows and sometimes we actually get to head to town to watch local junior rodeos or county fairs! However, our most memorable times come in June before we turn out to Fall ground. Because we run in common with several other local families, there’s always plenty happening around branding time; whether it being witness to a great early morning bronc ride to watching a nice horse working a cow at the rodear, and of course there are always plenty of laughs and good conversation over an excess of food at the “cowboy buffet” before the work begins again. Every girl should want to become a ranch wife – there’s definitely never a dull moment! In closing though, I do have to say that I am truly thankful for my husband Ryan and Monte Cummins [the son that adopted us] because I wouldn’t be able to do any of this without them.

Special Feeder Sales: Second Tuesday of Each Month Tuesday April 9th Tuesday May 14th Tuesday June 11th

Don’t put those bad genetics into your herd By: Angela Vesco Special to the Rancher Have you ever been sitting ringside at a bull sale and the bull that you have ranked at the top

raise them. Whether it is you raising them or the feedyard, so why raise inefficient cattle?

of your list goes for a price way outside of your budget? I bet that is probably a ‘yes’ for most

For example, you have two calves (and for this conversations sake, they are out of the same

of you. It has definitely happened to me. I think it just says that you have good taste!

cow and they are both heifers). One calf is out of bull A and the other calf is out of bull B.

Well, what if you could still use that bull or an even higher quality bull in your herd for a frac-

Bull A is a low performing, bad footed bull that also doesn’t have very much marbling and you

tion of their selling price? If you use Artificial Insemination (AI) in your herd you could do just

bought him because nobody else was bidding on him and you got him cheap. Bull B has good


growth numbers, functionally sound and is above breed average for marbling and you had to

There’s a lot to be gained from AI, both from a cost standpoint and a production standpoint.

fight a few people to get the winning bid.

One of the biggest benefits of using AI is the cost. Depending on how many cows or heifers

The heifer calf out of Bull A is going to probably eat the same amount of feed as the heifer calf

you breed, it can easily replace the cost of a live bull, if not be cheaper. You do not have to pay the feed bill on another bull or worry about him getting injured in the middle of breeding season. You also can use a $50,000 bull for approximately $30 per unit. If you AI 50 heifers, that

out of Bull B but she won’t convert as well. The heifer calf out of Bull A inherited the bad feet, but that won’t start to show until she is about year to two years old, and has low marbling so you are likely going to cull her earlier than the calf out of Bull B. You have invested all this feed

is only $1,500 compared to $50,000.

into her, just to sell her before you can recoup any of the investment you put into her.

In terms of production, you could get a very uniform calf crop that looks very attractive on sale

Do yourself a favor and be proactive. Don’t even put those bad genetics into your herd to

day. Uniformity is a selling point when it comes to marketing calves. When the calves are in the

begin with. A bad bull can cost you more money in the long run. Invest in a higher quality bull

feedyard, it is much easier to send a uniform group to slaughter rather than having to sort the

because that will put more money back in your pocket.

group and send them at different times when they are ready.

So where can you get these higher quality bulls? Look no further than a bull stud. Bull studs

Also, the genetic potential of your herd could dramatically improve. AI sires are selected for

exist to collect the highest quality bulls in the industry. There are multiple bulls out there that

their phenotype and genetic quality, so your AI calf crop could look pretty good. Your calf crop

can fit your herd.

each year should be genetically better than the generations before them.

If you aren’t sure where to start using AI in your herd, I would recommend starting with your

I know that the goal every year is to get a calf on the ground and to sell it to get that pay-

heifers. Then use the bulls from your seedstock supplier to be your clean-up bulls. Take a look

check. I get that. But I think we also need to focus on the quality of the calf when it hits the

at the bulls in ORIgen’s line up. We have everything from heifer bulls to power bulls.

ground. Those calves are going to either become replacement heifers or be fed in a feedyard

Visit or call (775.421.9894) or email me ( if you would like a directory or more information.

to eventually feed people in this world. Whichever way they are destined for, it costs money to

Angela Vesco | 406.348.2345

775.421.9894 | Call or email for more information on bulls, request a directory, or place a semen order

Find your next AI sire at the company built BY beef producers FOR beef producers ORIgen bulls in the Top 25 AI Sires in the Angus breed in 2018 HA Cowboy Up 5405 | Basin Payweight 1682 | RB Tour of Duty 177 WR Journey-1X74 | V A R Generation 2100 | EXAR Stud 4658B Calving Ease and Feed Efficient Red Angus bull Brown BLW Fantastic C5959 *more industry-leading Angus and Red Angus bulls available along with Hereford, Simmental, Charolais, Wagyu


Launching “Chuck Knows Beef”

Over the last several months, the Beef Checkoff Program has been working to reach broader audiences by tapping into the realm of Artificial Intelligence (AI), helping consumers bring modern technology to the kitchen in new and exciting ways. Late last year, “Chuck Knows Beef” (powered by Google AI) was introduced to the world in a soft-launch phase. Through months of fine-tuning and “educating” Chuck, the beef community has helped bring the virtual assistant up to speed on all things beef. Chuck was fully launched in March, and is now an all-knowing virtual beef expert designed for the new generation of family cooks who are looking for food inspiration and information. If you have a smart speaker, you can enable Chuck on both Amazon Alexa and the Google Home app to ask questions about beef recipes, cuts and cooking methods. Chuck can also answer questions about production, like antibiotic use, sustainability, nutrition, and more. The team behind Chuck’s development monitors the conversation flow daily to update with new information as needed. The use of this ever-evolving technology in everyday activities is increasingly popular. Over 40 percent of people use their smart speakers in the kitchen, and almost half of all smart speaker users have used their device to find a recipe or to get cooking advice or assistance. Chuck Knows Beef allows the beef community to provide a unique tool to help people get to know more about and work with beef in their home kitchens, and allows our industry to step up to the plate in terms of adopting technological advancements for more engaging consumer interactions.

Get to Know Chuck Interested in seeing how Chuck works for yourself? Follow these steps to enable Chuck on your device.

Amazon Alexa

• • • • • •

Download the Amazon Alexa app on your smartphone. Follow the sign-in prompts to sign into your Alexa account. Open the Alexa app on your smartphone. Tap the Alexa icon at the bottom of the screen. Tap the Allow button to give Alexa permission to access your microphone. Tap on the drop-down menu bar on the top left, and then tap on “Skills & Games” towards the bottom. • Type “Chuck Knows Beef” into the search bar at the top of the screen. • Once you see the Chuck Knows Beef skill icon, tap on the icon and it will take you to a page where you can tap on “Enable skill”. • You are ready to use Chuck Knows Beef! Simply say “Alexa, open Chuck Knows Beef”.

Google Home • • • • • •

Download the Google Assistant app on your smartphone. Follow the sign-in prompts to sign into your Google account. Open the Google Assistant app on your smartphone. Tap the Explore icon (it looks like a compass) at the top right of the screen. Alternatively, you can visit Search for “Chuck Knows Beef” in the search bar at the top of the screen and tap on the result. • Tap “Send to device” and select the Google Home device or phone linked to your account. • If enabled and visible, you can select “Try It” without adding it to your actions. • To use Chuck Knows Beef, say “Ok Google, talk to Chuck Knows Beef”.

Opportunities to Get Involved Interested in learning more about checkoff-funded programs, both nationally and here in Nevada? Or, perhaps you’d like to take a more active role in the activities and efforts of the Nevada Beef Council? There are two ways for producers and checkoff investors to get more engaged, and one is as simple as visiting a web site. The Cattlemen’s Beef Board recently launched The Drive, a new communications tool designed for beef producers and cattle professionals that delivers straightforward, transparent news, results and insights about your checkoff investment. A monthly e-newsletter will be delivered to the in-boxes of producers around the country, and a quarterly print version of the newsletter will be mailed to tens of thousands of producers. You can sign up for either format by visiting More locally, the Nevada Beef Council is currently accepting applications for two board seats that will open in May. Beef producers representing the cow-calf sector who are interested in becoming a council member can submit their applications for consideration by April 30. The council meets three times annually – twice in person, and once via conference call. Council members provide feedback, guidance and input on the activities and programs of the NBC. Applications are available at, or call 877-554-BEEF (2333) to request one to be mailed or e-mailed to you.

Let’s eat!

Old South Coka-Cola Pork Loin Words and Photo By Jennifer Whiteley

Lamoille, Nev.—I feel like during calving season, comfort food is paramount. Something warm, hearty, and makes enough for leftovers! The Cowboss isn’t a fan of leftovers, but I feel like if you want a hot meal after feeding, and the cook is on the feed crew, you have to take what you can get! When cooking for my family, I try to make large meals at dinner time, so that we will have leftovers for lunch the next day. This is really handy during wrestling and calving season. Both TR and QT wrestle for the Ruby Mountain Wrestling Club. Practice begins around Thanksgiving and runs through the Nevada State Wrestling Tournament in late March. They practice 3 nights a week, sometimes 4, and have tournaments across the state every Sunday. It is a huge time commitment for mom and dad, but it’s a great outlet for extra energy during the long winter months, and the boys love it.

We moved our calving start date back a couple weeks this year so that it wouldn’t interfere with wrestling season. The fact that the weather should be better towards the end of March than the beginning of March was a bonus! It never fails though; a big storm always rolls through about the time we start calving. There is nothing worse than being short on sleep, keeping kids on task for school, feeding cows, and having problems with calving. Knowing that dinner is sorted out and in the oven is a huge help on these long days. I like this recipe because it cooks a huge roast and the possibilities for leftovers are endless! It also isn’t as sweet as it sounds. It was very delicious, and easy to prepare. After eating it as a roast for a couple of days, I ground what was left and made a sandwich spread with sweet pickles, onions, and mayonnaise for lunch sandwiches. All 3 boys loved it.

Old South Coca-Cola Pork Loin Ingredients ¼ cup soy sauce 1 cup Coca-Cola ½ cup brown sugar 3 tbsp. salad oil 2 tbsp. Worcestershire sauce 1/3 cup Ketchup 2 cloves garlic, minced 1 tbsp. dry mustard 2 tbsp. balsamic vinegar 1 tsp. thyme, crushed 5 pounds pork loin roast, boned and rolled Instructions Combine all the ingredients except for the meat, to form a marinade. Set the pork roast in a sealable plastic bag, pour in the marinade and seal the bag. Let stand for 24 hours or overnight in the refrigerator, turning the bag every few hours to ensure the meat marinates evenly. Remove roast from marinade. Place roast, fat side up in a roasting pan. Add 2 cups of marinade and discard the rest. Insert meat thermometer into the thickest part of the roast. Do not add water or cover. Roast in a 325* preheated oven until the thermometer registers 175*. Allow 30 to 40 minutes per pound for roasting. Baste roast periodically with juices. Let meat rest for 15 minutes covered, before slicing. You can even cook in a slow oven at 250* oven, for almost twice as long. Enjoy!


New technology leads to supply chain transparency

Before reaching the consumer, goods travel through a network of retailers, distributors, transporters, storage facilities, and suppliers that participate in design, production, delivery, and sales, yet in almost every case these journeys remain unseen Michelle Cook Nevada Rancher Magazine

The origins of a company’s products used to be pretty murky. Beyond the supply chain function, virtually no one cared. Of course, all that’s changed. Consumers, governments, and companies are demanding details about the systems and sources that deliver the goods. They worry about quality, safety, ethics, and environmental impact. Farsighted organizations are directly addressing new threats and opportunities presented by the question, “Where does this stuff come from?” Driven by growing calls for transparency, firms such as Wal-Mart and Kroger are beginning to use new technologies to provide provenance data to the marketplace. In time, customers will perceive easy access to such information as the norm. Revealing origins will become an essential part of establishing trust and securing reputation. The key technologies are not fundamentally new, but they are evolving and blending to unleash new opportunities and threats. Product labeling has been transformed by microscopic electronic devices, genetic markers for agricultural products, and a new generation of bar codes that can be read with standard mobile phones. Combine these developments with the reach of the internet and virtually unlimited data storage, and firms can now contemplate more-sophisticated ways to track—and to reveal—the manufacturing trajectory of their products. Just like a paper label, a technology tag can be used in two ways. It can store data directly, in some cases even being updated as the item moves through the supply chain. Alternatively, the tag can simply hold a unique identifier, which acts as a pointer to a vast amount of web-based supporting data. The ubiquity of such mobile

devices means that consumers can readily access this “internet of things,” gathering provenance information not just at the generic level of the item category or type but for the specific item. If I’m interested in, say, food safety, the technology can tell me not just about this type of chicken, but this chicken. In April 2018, an E. coli outbreak in romaine lettuce from Yuma, Ariz., left 150 people sick, caused huge losses to growers, and disrupted supply chains to restaurants and grocery stores. The turmoil dragged on for weeks as regulators and companies scrambled to find the source and extent of the contaminated lettuce. Walmart thinks it’s found a solution to respond quickly to such incidents: the blockchain. In the past couple of years, the blockchain has gone from mysterious technology with a disruptive potential to a buzzword that often seems overhyped. But Walmart is introducing what could be a promising use case for the blockchain. It’s asking suppliers of lettuce and leafy greens to use the blockchain to trace their products through Walmart’s supply chain. Blockchains are digital record-keeping systems. They’re similar to databases, except everyone participating in the network can verify when a change has been made. Also, in a blockchain setup, each change must be processed according to a set of rules before records are updated across the entire network. Walmart said the romaine E. coli scare is exactly the kind of scenario the blockchain can address. The company piloted a program with IBM’s Food Trust, a blockchain initiative that creates a massive digital ledger that tracks food from the farm— where it’s logged in on handheld devices—to processing facilities, then to distributors and the grocery shelves. The result is a way of tracking food that can trace bacteria outbreaks quickly back to the source. “The way it works today is a paper-trail exercise that sometimes runs dry,” said Frank Yiannis, vice president of food safety at Walmart. “With the traceability of blockchain, we can scan product and trace it back to source with precision in seconds instead of days or weeks.” Walmart is asking its suppliers of leafy greens to adopt the IBM Food Trust network by the following September 2019. Depending on the success of the program, other food products may later be traced on the blockchain.

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As customers take greater interest in the origins and authenticity of the things they buy, providing them with tools to track provenance will become an important part of the marketing mix and will give producers and retailers new ways to capitalize on brand value. “In the future, a customer could scan a bag of salad and see if it’s involved in a recall or not,” Yiannis said.

The Pressure Cooker By: Kathy Daily

First Financial Bank

You may be in the barn instead of the kitchen but the pressure is high and you might feel like you are the one in the cooker. I don’t think there is a commodity or a region of the country that is unscathed in this down cycle. I have been on dairy farms, cattle ranches, crops farms, orchards and permanent planting operations and everyone is feeling the pressure. I have traveled to the Northeast, Southeast, Northwest, Midwest, South and later this month I’m headed to the Hawaiian Islands and all of those areas are experiencing down cycles. The issues may be from supply/demand, prices, weather, disease or tariffs. The important thing to remember is don’t let the pressure and frustration you are feeling boil over onto your employees and family. They may not be feeling the same pressure you are, but they know what’s is going on and they are also worried about their job security and their homes. I’ve managed people for a number of years and I used to think that I was good at masking my stress from those around me. I learned several years ago that my stress and frustration bleeds onto those around me, both at work and at home, and that is when mistakes and accidents happen, and relationships crumble.

A couple of tips to consider to help you keep the temperature under control: 1. It is easy to let a small thing blow out of proportion when you’re carrying a lot of stress. Make it a point to cool off over night and then talk to the employee the next day about whatever the issue was. You might realize the way they are doing a chore might not be how you would do it, but it still gets the job done. 2. Make it a point to notice hard work so that you are not always just pointing out what they are doing wrong. 3. Sometimes leveling with your employees and family about your financial situation is the best way to approach things. You no longer feel like you are shouldering all of the load, and they may have some ideas that you didn’t think about for cutting costs or for selling something that isn’t being used. By being included they take ownership in helping to find a solution and your operation ends up with a better team.

4. Get away from the farm for a few hours or a day if possible. Take the family to church, to a movie or volunteer somewhere. We can all benefit from getting our problems off of our mind for a little while and it usually doesn’t take long to realize how fortunate you are when you see others with much less. I’ve always found that the pressure is always the hottest until you have made the decision, from that point forward the pressure slowly releases. We’ve been here before folks. Agriculture runs in cycles, and we are all used to good years and bad years. Maybe this stretch is a little longer than usual but farmers and ranchers are survivors. You may have to make some tough decisions, but the life you chose isn’t an easy one and chances are your ancestors had some tough rows to hoe as well. Kathy Daily is the Senior Vice President of First Financial Bank’s Farm and Ranch Division. ( Mrs. Daily has been an agricultural lender for over 25 years. Contact her by phone at 502-398-4119 or by email at

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Agri-Lines I R R I G AT I O N , I N C .

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WANTED: ag producers impacted by wildfire, or looking to do rangeland improvements in support of greater sage-grouse

Reno, Nev.—The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) is offering financial and technical assistance to agricultural producers interested in restoring lands impacted by wildfire or improving rangelands in greater sage-grouse habitat through the Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP). Agricultural producers that have been impacted by wildfire or have interest in rangeland improvements are encouraged to apply for these special RCPP funds through the Environmental Quality Incentives Program, or EQIP. Applications must be received before 4 p.m. on June 21, 2019 by NRCS to be considered in the last project funding period before unused funds are re-appropriated to other efforts. Conservation practices and management actions that emphasize wildfire restoration will be prioritized (e.g, seeding, fencing, grazing deferment, fire breaks, etc.). Other practices will be included as well and may include, but are not limited to, sagebrush establishment, perennial grass and/or forb seeding, riparian or meadow enhancements, cross-fencing, off-stream watering for livestock and wildlife, and other potential practices, many of which are likely to be mutually beneficial to the producer’s operation and greater sage-grouse. Within Nevada, this RCPP effort operates under the authority of NRCS’s Environmental Quality Incentives Program. EQIP is a voluntary, financial and technical assistance program that provides funding for the implementation of conservation practices that may be used to protect and enhance sage grouse habitat, manage livestock, improve irrigation efficiency and reduce soil loss. Applicants must meet USDA program eligibility requirements for land eligibility and


person eligibility. Eligibility requirements include Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) limitations for individuals and entities. Applicants must meet the eligibility criteria to be considered for ranking and funding decisions. Farm Bill programs have strict payment limits, and the amount of financial assistance producers can receive is limited to $450,000 per farm bill cycle. Limited resource producers, beginning farmers and ranchers, or socially disadvantaged agricultural producers may be eligible for up to 15 percent higher payments, not to exceed 90 percent of the estimated cost to install the practice. The RCPP encourages conservation partners from across the nation to join in efforts with agricultural producers to increase the restoration and sustainable use of soil, water, wildlife and related natural resources through installation and maintenance of conservation activities in selected project areas. The Greater Outcomes for Greater Sage-Grouse RCPP effort is a joint venture of Partners for Western Conservation, The Cattlemen’s Association, the states of Nevada and Colorado, and Environmental Incentives, among others. In Nevada, the Greater Outcomes for Greater Sage-Grouse RCPP effort focuses specifically on providing producers an opportunity to improve their operations and greater sage-grouse habitat by utilizing USDA financial assistance through EQIP. If interested, the Sagebrush Ecosystem Technical Team can provide a credit estimate of potential available credits within Nevada’s Conservation Credit System (CCS), although no commitments to the CCS are necessary to participate in this RCPP opportunity. If interested in learning about the CCS, please visit To learn more, contact your local NRCS office or go online to:

Agricultural Financing: Understanding the Basics of your Financial Statements Operators can benefit from better understanding their financial situation Trevor Carrasco, Lender American AgCredit

Though you may know if your agricultural operation is making money or not, do you know how profitable it is? For example, how much do you profit per acre of irrigated ground or per cow? If you are unsure, you may want to utilize a balance sheet, a profit and loss statement (income statement), and a budget to help answer these questions.

The Balance Sheet The balance sheet is a snapshot of an operation’s financial situation at a specific point in time, and it captures everything owed or owned. Balance sheets are made up of assets, liabilities, and net worth (net worth is everything you own minus everything you owe). Comparing a balance sheet from the beginning of the year to one at the end of the year will show how your business did in that time period. It is important to note that you should maintain a consistent book value for your assets on the balance sheet rather than using market values, as they are constantly changing. Given book value only changes through depreciation or added improvements, they provide a more accurate view into your financial situation.

An example: On January 1, 2017: 100 cows are valued at $1,200 per head for a total value of $120,000. On December 31, 2017: The cow market climbed and market value is now $1,600 per head. The same cow herd is now valued at $160,000. This $40,000 increase can be misinterpreted for profit. If the cows are sold at a higher price point, the price increase may be stated on the updated balance sheet. However, operators should note that the additional earnings came from a market value increase, and not from actual profit.

than your P&L statement or taxes alone would show, and can be a valuable tool when requesting financing. Understanding the basics of these financial statements allows you to control how and where money should flow in your operation.

The Budget A budget provides a way of planning for income and expenses in the next operating cycle, and it affords an operator the opportunity to spend money with more awareness. A budget is easiest to manage with a budgeting template. You may consider using the Schedule F on your previous year’s tax return, which is also specific to your operation, as a useful budgeting template. It is also important to remember the budget is a living document. This means it should be adjusted and tracked throughout the year. One way to track your budget is to compare it to your actual income/expenses. The more you track and change a budget, the better you will become at developing your budget for years to come. With a well-prepared budget, you will be better equipped to project business earnings and future profitability. Knowing these basics from your financial statements can be powerful for any business. Producers can know when they need to prepay expenses or hold inventory. It also helps producers make decisions on whether or not they want to invest in a new piece of equipment, or if they can afford to buy a neighboring ranch, for example. With a balance sheet, profit and loss statement, and a budget, you can become better prepared to move your operation into the future. To learn more, contact us at American AgCredit at 775-738-8496 or visit us online at

The Profit and Loss Statement A second helpful resource is the profit and loss (P&L) statement, which is also known as an income statement. This is a running tally of all transactions in a given time period. When paired with the two balance sheets, a year-end P&L statement can be powerful. Balance sheets alone can indicate your profitability, but adding a profit and loss statement will pinpoint why your operation was profitable or not. P&L statements start to tell a story that can be utilized in decision making.

An example: Your P&L statement shows above-average profitability, but on its own, it does not provide the full picture. When you pair your year-end balance sheet with the corresponding P&L statement, you would see not only an above-average year, but also the added inventory as additional assets on the balance sheet. This can prove the year was more profitable


Cowboys On The Big Screen New movie takes an authentic, in-depth look at the big outfit lifestyle By: Jolyn Young Nevada Rancher Magazine Watching the snorty wildness of a sagebrush bronc ride. Smelling the caustic aroma of a midday roll-yer-own swirling on the breeze. Pulling a baby calf with your bare hands and praying it draws breath. These sensations are ordinarily the private domain of the working cowboy, but country folks and urbanites alike will soon be able to experience the complex nuances of the big outfit lifestyle via the big screen. Cowboys: A Documentary Portrait chronicles life on a modern-day big outfit, as portrayed and narrated by the cowboys themselves. Filmmaker Bud Force and acclaimed photographer John Langmore recently teamed up with Creative Producer Felicitas Funke to tell the story of the cowboys and their families who make a living – and a life – in the saddle and on the range. “The audience is going to ride side by side with the cowboys and learn not only their day-to-day workings, but also their personal stories and challenges unique only to this lifestyle,” says Force. In order to accurately depict life on a modern-day big outfit, the directors chose to film only on ranches that run full crews in eight Western states. They spent two years filming on nine ranches in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana. Cowboys includes ranch work from all four seasons, from breaking ice to pulling calves and weaning in the fall. though.

The film’s overall impact far exceeds practical education,

“I would consider it a biopic about this singular character being the ‘cowboy,’ but as told by multiple people who are each in essence that same character,” says Force. The documentary Cowboys deconstructs the romantic notions of the cowboy lifestyle typically portrayed by Hollywood movies and paperback novels. Throughout the film, working cowboys explain ranch work and their dedication to the lifestyle in their own words. They wear drastically different hat shapes, but they all share a common quality: They answered the call to be a cowboy and never looked back. “Cowboying isn’t what you do. It’s who you are,” said one weathered cowboy featured in the movie. Like all others interviewed during the movie, the speaker was not directly identified. Stories and explanations are carefully paired with corresponding scenes throughout the movie to guide the viewer through all aspects of ranch life, but the overall message resonates with a unifying theme that transcends ranch life. Background Photo by: John Langmore

Here, a Great Basin buckaroo covers a bronc at the beginning of his day’s circle. The directors included still photography throughout the movie to invite viewers to slow down and reflect on the images on the screen. At Right Photo by: John Langmore

Cowboys never pass up a chance to laugh, and these three Jordan Valley Big Loop contestants throw their heads back while waiting their turn to rope.


“People are people, and some of those people are cowboys. Whether you live in the mountains, on the prairie, or in the desert, there’s still that tie – no matter where you are,” says Force. For a deeper look inside the ranching lifestyle, Cowboys includes a woman’s perspective. The camera crew visited me and my family at our remote cow camp home in Arizona, where I shared my experiences of living 4 hours from town. Our monthly grocery shopping was a 3-day trip, and I daily crossed my fingers that my kids wouldn’t break an arm. Footage of me taking clothes off the line and my children twirling on a tire swing are featured alongside the cowboy crew branding calves and wrangling the cavvy in the evening light. “Outside of interviews, we did not stage a single scene in this movie,” says Force. This staunch adherence to the truth results in a movie that is gritty, raw, and wholly authentic. It captures a snake-bit horse, rows of cattle carcasses bloated and blackened by wildfire, and a family’s grief over their young son’s death from a ranching accident. “It’s a privilege to be out here,” said one cowboy. “But you pay a price.” For those willing to assume the risks, the big outfit lifestyle also provides plenty of unexpected levity alongside the darkness. Cowboys includes a montage of bronc rides, punctuated with photographs of a cowboy mid-air and a trio of horseback gents with their heads thrown back in laughter. Langmore’s black-and-white still images are regularly interspersed throughout the movie, inviting the viewer to quietly deliberate the livestock, gear, and rugged scenery along with the interview subjects. “We wanted to convey how deeply these men and women reflect on their lifestyle,” says Langmore. The landscape of ranch country greatly shapes the lifestyle and character of the working cowboy. Cowboys includes breathtaking aerial footage of big herds of cattle and cowboys running through the dust of the American desert. Despite cell phones, WiFi and indoor plumbing, men and women still earn a living by taking care of cattle with a horse and saddle every day. One of the film’s cowboy storytellers summed up the film’s everlasting theme: “They’ve been talkin’ about the cowboy dyin’ for over 100 years, ever since the trail drive days. But, he’s still here, and always will be.” Cowboys is scheduled to premiere this spring, then be available in select theaters before being released on DVD/Blu-ray and streaming online later in the year. For more information and to watch the trailer, visit www.

S h o o t in g Th e W e s t

XXXI - April 9 - 14, 2019 Symposium

Presenter Spotlight: John Langmore will present Friday of the symposium. John Langmore began cowboying in 1975, at the age of twelve, after his father photographed the seminal book, The Cowboy. John spent twelve summers cowboying across the West before pursuing a professional career. In 2012, after thirty years away from his time in the saddle, John began a six-year project photographing fourteen of the nation’s largest and most famous ranches. Of all those who have photographed the cowboy, John is one of the few who came to it first as a cowboy

and only later as a photographer. John’s photographs and writings reflect this deep connection to the cowboy world and offer an unrivaled chance to witness a way of life that many dream of but few experience. His book Open Range was released in December of 2018. John Langmore was raised in Dallas, Texas, by a family of photographers. He spent all the summers of his youth working on large ranches across the West until he began a legal career. His professional life moved him around the world until he returned to Austin, Texas, where he began pursuing his own work as a photographer. He currently lives in Austin with his wife, Erika, and his two sons, Jordan and Grant. Learn more about John Langmore at All images © John Langmore. Register today online at

Photo by: John Langmore Cowboy portraits are interspersed throughout the movie, like this one shot at a Southwestern ranch.

ALLIE BEAR REAL ESTATE Specializing in Hunting, Ranching and Horse Properties

Gavica Ranch

10750 Gavica Lane, Paradise Valley. Beautiful 48 acre ranchette near the base of Santa Rosa Mountains. A clean updated home with 3 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, stucco exterior, metal roof, covered patio, spacious garage, carport, lawn and mature trees. The acreage produces approximately 60 ton of prime grass hay. There are 39.36 acres of water rights with a well maintained irrigation system. There is a shop and corrals and currently runs 40 head of cows for 9 months of the year. Unique location!

Clear Creek Ranch

Year round cattle ranch with 10,400 Deeded Acres, parcels in Humboldt and Pershing Counties, plus BLM allotment. 6 pivots, 790 irrigated acres, 2 large diameter irrigation wells, ranch manager's home and equipment yard, Log Cottage. Excellent surface and under ground water rights with one of the longest perennial streams in the Great Basin. Price includes all equipment and cattle.

279.93 Acres Lamoille

Beautiful Property wih Ruby Mountain Views and seasonal creek. Access is from Lower Lamoille Road.

Diamond Valley Farm

Nice family farm with three homes all with yards and trees. The farm is 1,080 acres in Eureka County with Certificated Water Rights, six pivots, 3 pivots alfalfa, 1 pivot wheat, 2 pivots in permanent Fescue and Garrison. Two hay barns, 2 feedlots, working corrals, loading chute, arena, large equipment shop with stalls. Farm runs 350 to 400 head from May through November. View Complete listings at

775-738-8535 • 775-777-6416 Allie Bear, Broker/Realtor Dawn Mitton, Broker/Realtor


If You Buy a Girl a Puppy By Norma Elliott She will probably put him in the bed with her when you go to day work because the electricity went out…..yet again, and she’s wants him beside her She will give him scraps from the table when you’re not looking She will haul him around, in the front seat, on cold days, ok…..on all days because he really is her road dog! She will respect that you are trying to teach him to go get cattle but she might pat him just a little after he’s been scolded She might tell him all her troubles and believe somehow, by his tilted head and cockeyed ear, he understands She will put him on the prayer list at church if he decides to roam from the ranch She will know what each bark means……high pitched, he’s playing. A bark with howl, coyotes. A low growl and bark, someone or something is where it doesn’t belong. And finally, the one that says, “I’m glad to see you!” She will throw the ball for the hundredth time just because she feels bad ignoring his playful pleas She will feel just a little safer with him beside her on the feed run And finally she will convince you to buy things for the “ranch dog”, that you never intended to buy But, if you buy a girl a puppy, you may not have the “cowdog” that you intended but you will make your “cowhand”, just a little happier than usual! Here’s to all the ranch dogs and to the rancher’s wife who love them! I wrote this post on my website back in 2015. I had no idea how much this “cowdog” would mean to me. He was incredibly faithful to me... never leaving my side. If you’ve ever owned a border collie you know how loyal they are to their owner. That was certainly the case for Pistol and I. Unfortunately we had to put him down after we found out he had a mass. More than likely from a herniated intestine or something of that nature. I really do miss him! Something I learned from Pistol however was his level of loyalty to me. He slept on the floor by my side of the bed. He followed me horseback


and got scolded by me when he’d move cattle to me..causing several cows to run back to where I had just gathered them from. Not his fault, it’s their nature to bring livestock to their owner, so my mistake for knowing less than my dog. And he somehow made me feel happier to have him by my side. I think about what it means to be loyal. To be stuck to someone the way Pistol was to me. I wonder if I do that with my relationship with Christ? I wonder if I anticipate His every move the way Pistol anticipated mine. “Where we going?” he seemed to say. “What’s next?” and “What adventure will we have today?” and I can’t help but feel the tears well up in my eyes and flow down my checks as I reiminescience. I wonder if I anticipate and wait with excitement and drive the way he did. Do I look to Christ and run to what He tells me to do or do I sluggishly say, “Okay Lord, I will call my friend during commercial break”. Do I say, I will read your Word tomorrow...when I find my Bible and I have to ask myself, “am I more excited about who liked my post more than being loved by YOU?” I can only use the example of a “cowdog” to learn a valuable lesson, to examine a type of loyalty I want to have and I hope you do too. “Where we going Lord?” “What’s next?” and “What adventure will we have today?”

I will leave you with this reminder,

“Let love and faithfulness never leave you; bind them around your neck, write them on the tablet of your heart. Then you will win favor and a good name in the sight of God and man. Trust in the LORD with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding; in all your ways submit to him, and he will make your paths straight.” Prov. 3:3-6 (NIV) Thank ya’ll for reading and throw that ranch dog a few extra scraps, thecowboypastorswife

Nevada Rangeland Resources Commission Set Funding Priorities to Promote and Educate about Rangelands By: Rachel Buzzetti Nevada Rangeland Resource Commission What does the NRRC do with the money they receive from Ranchers…..This year the Nevada Rangeland Resource Commission (NRRC) will be supporting the livestock and grazing industry by partnering and funding the following organization’s activities. These are consistent with the NRRC’s mission to reach out to the public and help them understand the value of public land ranching.

goal is to continue water advocacy that includes research and outreach through Advocates for the Comuunity. As a volunteer organization they reach rural Nevadans through travel, meetings, social media, printed materials (Water Grab),newspapers and signage. Lastly, NRRC helped fund the new banner for the famous Water Grab bucket, and it remains the centerpiece of the annual Snake Valley Festival in Baker.

Golden Productions

RANGE Magazine

They are a video production company and in 2019 they will produce a thirty minute documentary on the serious impact wild fires are having on Nevada’s rangelands, public land ranchers, wildlife, sage grouse, the environment and our rural communities. The production will focus on the role ranches can play in reducing the wild fire threat through responsible and timely grazing, as first responders and rangeland fire protection associations as well as recommend new strategies to combat wildfire in the future. There will also be more opportunity to view the “Rangeland Water & Grazing” documentary with repeat airings on television channels in northern Nevada . Lastly they will produce 1-3 minute educational videos, narrated both by young hosts and ranchers, to be viewed on Facebook and YouTube, as well as on the NRRC website.

Nevada Rancher Magazine The oldest independent livestock monthly magazine in Nevada, whose mission is to inform the reader about agricultural related news. The magazine is distributed in Nevada, Idaho, and Oregon. The funding will promote NRRC ‘s message by placing ads and a written column throughout the year regarding the Commissions efforts to educate the citizens about public land ranching.

Sierra Nevada Journeys They are located in Reno and operating as a non profit for the last 10 years. They have been committed to helping build the next generation of leaders, scientists and stewards through high quality outdoor and hands-on science education opportunities. With the funding awarded they have successfully built a rangeland station with specifically designed “touch boxes” for students to reach inside where they will determine what species or resources they are feeling. Once determining the species or resource the family works together to solve a rangeland issue related to the subject. This activity is all part of a science lesson during family science night at the local schools. The project will build awareness and understanding of rangeland specific issues with the urban youth of northwest Nevada and their families.

Great Basin Water Network Founded in 2005,the wide-ranging Network continues to work vigorously to defend Nevada’s range and shrublands from degradation by massive inter-basin transfers of water. Their

Looking down from 30,000 feet on Nevada’s craggy, arid landscape doesn’t evoke an image of what most people think of as rangeland. But this vast and seemingly desolate place as viewed from five miles high actually supports a vital and healthy livestock industry. In an environment which receives an average 7.5 inches of precipitation a year, careful and constant management of these particular rangelands is crucial. More than 85 percent of Nevada is managed by the federal government under the supervision of the Bureau of Land Management, the U.S. Forest Service, and the military. Because private land is very limited, ranchers need to use some of these public lands, as well as their own, for grazing herds of cattle and sheep. Ranchers are given an allotment and a predetermined number of livestock are allowed to graze at a per-head fee.

Their charter is to provide and disseminate information about the use, care and maintenance of natural resources. RANGE reaches more than 170,000 readers. RANGE will renew 500 gift subscriptions for doctors’ and attorneys’ offices back East, which will say “Compliments of Nevada ranchers.” In addition, all four issues of RANGE will have a full color page ad on the back cover. Lastly, RANGE’S new book, “The Magnificent American West” will be mailed to all 652 Nevada libraries for art, literature and history classes.

The Progressive Rancher Founded in 2001 to honor agricultural traditions, while embracing modern education. The money awarded to the magazine will promote Nevada Rangeland Resources Commission and its mission to promote public land ranching. The highlights will be included in the magazine as a tool to inform an audience which is affected financially by the health of Nevada Rangelands. NRRC and the magazine continue to educate readers as to how the livestock industry continues to progress and tell our story to both the urban and rural public.

Reveg Edge Craig Dremann is a Native Grassland Ecological Restorationist and since 1992 he has been inventing native grassland ecological restoration technologies, and has proved to be successful with Great Basin native grassland restoration methods. He was successful in restoring a 100- mile pipeline north of Reno back to 100% native grass cover in six months in a cheatgrass infested area along US 395. His project is two-fold, but will begin with soil tests to establish each native grass soil nutrient and soil organic matter needs and compare those levels with cheatgrass infested areas. A local volunteer rancher has agreed to participate and all of the work done will be acknowledged and published for others to learn from. The NRRC is governed by a commission of nine voting members. These members are nominated through each of the grazing boards: Nevada Cattlemen’s Association, Nevada Woolgrowers and the Farm Bureau; then appointed by the Governor. Current commissioners include: Hank Vogler; Chairman, Rama Paris; Vice Chairman, Mel Hummel, Joe Kircher, Richard Huntsburger, Mitch Heguy, Bert Paris, and Bevan Lister. For more information about the NRRC please visit our website at or join us on facebook.

This has been an agreeable partnership for close to a hundred years, with both parties active in managing the land to accommodate many uses such as wildlife habitat and recreation as well as grazing. The health of our rangeland is in everyone’s best interest. Land has always been the foundation of our nation’s wealth and the men and women who work that land are the traditional caretakers. Land management and conservation science have advanced greatly over the last decades and modern ranchers keep up, or are in the lead.

Carefully grazed rangeland has been shown to be healthier and more productive than ungrazed land separated by only a wire fence. Grazing animals control invasive species and organic matter that fuels destructive wildfires. Like most of the west, nevada has been impacted by urban growth, especially by the increased demands on a limited water supply. Natural resources are under pressure so it becomes increasingly critical to manage our rangelands to benefit not only our livestock industry, but the very place we call home.

4780 East Idaho Street, Elko, NV 89801 • 775-738-4082 This ad is funded through the NRRC’s assessment of 10¢ per AUM paid by public land ranchers.


Financing Available. Great rates for New and Used Equipment!

New, No Till Pasture Drill, Great Price!...... Call for Pricing!

2019 Massey Hesston 2270, 3x4 Baler, Made in the USA! ..... Starting at $138,000.

SMITH VALLEY GARAGE Windrowers 2005 Hesston 9240, S/N 2133 .................................................................................. $41,200 2018 MF Heston WR9980 with 9295 Rotary Header, S/N 4339/4328 ....................$170,000 2019 MF Hesston WR9970 with 9295 Rotary Header, s/n 3147/4183 ....................$170,000

Tractors 2018 MF GC Compact Tractors,4WD................................................ Starting at $12,100 MF1526HL 4WD Tractor, SN 3513 . .......................................................................... $17,900 2019 MF1760M, 4WD Premium Tractor, s/n 3832 . .............................................. $34,200 2019 MF6713 4WD Tractor, 130 HP, s/n 2005 . ........................................................ $78,300 2019 MF1726EHL 4WD Tractor with Loader. ................................... Starting at $19,000

Big Balers

2009 Hesston 2190, S/N 1295 4x4 Baler .................................................................. $41,000 2008 Hesston 2170, 3x4 Baler, s/n 4471................................................................... $43,400 2006 Hesston 4790, 3x4 Baler, s/n 4160................................................................... $36,000


H&S HDII overhead 17 wheel (new), ready to go...................................................... $29,000


Wellington, Nevada (775) 465-2287

MASON VALLEY EQUIPMENT Yerington, Nevada (775) 463-2442


2016 Case IH Farmall 110 U 93 hp, CAB, MFD, 250 Hrs., loader ready ........................ CALL 2013 Case IH Magnum 260, 215 PTO HP, GPS, 1380 hrs ............................................. $131,500 Case IH 9260 Steiger, 265 PTO HP, 4 Wheel Steer, 1000 PTO, Powershift .................. $34,000

2014 Magnum 280CVT, 235 PTO HP, GPS, suspended axle, 380R54, 1400 hrs ......... $167,033 2014 Magnum 310 FPS, 265 PTO HP, 2300 hrs., 480/80R50 duals .............................. $134,444 1994 Case IH Maxxum 5250, 2wd, rebuilt engine ............................................................ $37,500

MISCELLANEOUS 2011 Krone 1290 HDPXC 3x4, Cutter, Baler, 29,000 Bales, VFS, Rebuilt...................... $52,500 CaseIH RMX 790 Disk, 14ft Stubble, 32” Blades ...............................................................$39,390 Parma 15 ft. Double Roller, Hydraulic Lift, Gooseneck Hitch .......................................... $19,096 Case IH 530C, Ecolotiger, One Pass Tillage, 5 Shanks .................................................. $39,854 2016 Krone Big X630 Forage Harvester w/ Pickup and Corn Heads, DEMO ................. $451,567 Great Plains 18 ft, TurboMax, Hydraulic Adjustable Turbo Coulters ................................ $52,172 Kuhn SR112 Rakes - 3 Left ................................................................................. $2,800 to $5,200 NH BB9080 3x4 Baler, 40,000 Bales ........................................................................... $22,500 Elston GA800 Heavy Duty, Gopher Killer ........................................................................... $4,725 Koenig Finish Ripper with Wings, Rear Crumbler, Hitch ................................................... $18,995 Koenig Ring Rollers, 14 and 16 foot, In Stock .................................................................. CALL Blanket Harrows,1/2 inch to 3/4 inch Tines, In Stock ........................................................ CALL Kuhn VT168 Vertical Mixer, left and right discharge, 760 cu.ft. capacity .......................... $54,000

“A Kid’s Look at Ranch Life!” High School Grades 9-12

Middle School Grades 5-8

Elementary School Grades K-4

Antelope Peak Ranch​ : Visa 5,300 BLM permit $25 Giftdeeded Card forplus the Winner in Each attached to ranch. 5 center pivot’s irrigating approx.Category. 583 acres plus PLUS Youranother photo in 28 the acres with surface water rights out of large Nevada Magazine! spring. Three homes plusRancher shop and other outbuildings. This Elko Co. ranch offered at $3,900,000. Submit your photos (limit four) via email along with the following information:

Age, Address, Phone Mason Mountain Ranch: ​3Name, 782 deeded acres plus small BLM permit.​ ​Summers up to 300 pair In Type of Camera, Photo Location the past. Recent improvements to stock watering sources and new set of corrals. Photo Caption (up to 30 words) Landowner Elk Tag(s). This is good summer range! $1,750,000. ​PENDING Still showing and back-up offers considered! Contest Closes April 10, 2019 Email:

Ruby Valley Ranch​: 1,023 Acres at foot theContest Rubies with surface water rights for approx.. 300 with the subject line:of Photo acres and permits for 375 acres of underground water for irrigation. On paved road. Some improvements Price: ​ ​$750./acre. White Flats:​ Approx. 2560 deeded acres, all contiguous, approx.. 15 miles South of Elko with fence for 4 miles already. Would make a good seeding! Price: $499,500.

Jiggs, Nevada Smith Creek Property​: ​ 2 ​ 20 deeded acres with approx.. 126 with surface water rights out of Smith Creek. Great homesite already carved out of the hill above the meadows with well and trees planted. On county maintained road approx.. 30 miles out of Elko. Price: $700,000. Paul D. Bo�ari, Broker Ranch properties now available through E-mail: • Bus. 775-752-3040 • Res. 775-752-3809 Bottari and Associates Realty • Fax 775-752-3021 • 122 8th Street • P.O. Box 368 • Wells, NV 89835

Bottari & Associates Realty



Still showing and accepting backup offers

Antelope Peak Ranch

Owners decided not to sell - Have multiple buyers looking for something similar! Give me a call!

Smith Creek Property, Jiggs, Nevada

5,300 deeded plus BLM permit attached to ranch. 5 center pivot’s irrigating approx. 583 acres plus another 28 acres with surface water rights out of large spring. Three homes plus shop and other outbuildings. 1 land owner Elk Tag. This Elko Co. ranch offered.

220 deeded acres with approx. 126 with surface water rights out of Smith Creek. Great homesite already carved out of the hill above the meadows with well and trees planted. On county maintained road approx. 30 miles out of Elko.

Price: $3,900,000.

REDUCED Price: $650,000.

Flatnose Ranch

700+ acre property in Lincoln County just 7 miles E. of Pioche. 211+acres in production, Alfalfa hay. 346 Water righted acres irrigated out of 3 underground Wells and Flatnose Spring. 4 pivots some handline. Ranch got 6 landowner Mule Deer tags in 2018. Next to Echo Reservoir. Priced at Appraisal: $2,700,000.

Need More Ranch Listings For additional information on these properties go to:


Market Report Fallon Livestock LLC Fallon, Nevada

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

158-199 avg

165-181 avg

Stock Cattle by Weight 500-600 600-700 lb. lb.

700-800 lb.

800+ lb.

Slaughter Cattle 64-69 Butcher Bulls

Breakers (Fat Cows)

166-180 138-160 avg 134-140.5 123.50-128 Boners (Med. Flesh) avg 0 avg avg 139-164 avg 139-161 avg 120-148. 125-136 avg 114-125 122-127.50 Cutters (Lean) Heifers 50 avg avg avg Preg Tested 3,4,5 year solid Top cow: 1,060 lbs (avg. 81) Shelly Cutters (Thin) mouth 1,125 March 12​h​, 2019 sale; volume: N/A. Single, small-framed or plainer cattle 30 to 65 less than top offering. Steers

Stock Cattle by Weight

Cattlemen’s Livestock Marketing Galt, Calif.

Shasta Livestock Auction Yard, Cottonwood, Calif.

7 Rivers Livestock Commission Emmett, ID

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb. #1 quality

400-500 lb. #1 quality

200-225 108-206

180-22 145-170

500-600 lb. #1 quality 140-170 N/T

600-700 lb. #1 quality N/T N/T



Shelly Bulls

No test


Cutter Bulls


No test

Top Bull


Slaughter Cattle 700-800 lb. #1 quality N/T N/T

800+ lb. #1 quality

Boner Cows



Breaker Cows Cutter Cows

42-54 30-24



Pairs: no test March 13, 2019 sale; volume 423. Market notes:Compared to the previous week slaughter cattle were $3-5 higher. Compared to the previous week feeder cattle under 600 lbs. were steady. Compared to the previous week feeder cattle over 600 lbs. were steady

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

N/T 173.50

160-181 130-165.75

Stock Cattle by Weight 500-600 600-700 lb. lb. 140-172 137-147.50 130-150. N/T 25

700-800 lb. N/T N/T

800+ lb.

High yielding


Medium yielding Low yielding

Slaughter Cattle 52-60 Bulls


43-51 30-41

Results from March 15th, 2019 sale; volume 437. Market notes:Weigh-up cows steady; bulls higher. Lighter test of feeders, grass cattle. $5-10 lower.

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

164.50-167 avg 150.90-160

158.75-171 140.10-155

Heiferettes: 85-95

Stock Cattle by Weight 500-600 600-700 lb. lb. 144.15-1 149.65-166.2 60 5 146-155. 132.50-142 50 Pairs, Older 950-1,050

700-800 lb.

800+ lb.


135.10-13 7 121-129.50 110.80-12 6 Bred Heifers N/T

High Yielding

Slaughter Cattle 5963-68.50 Bulls

Medium Yield


Thin Cows



Results from March 12​th​, 2019 To consign or other questions call the office @ 208-365-4401 Sale every Tuesday at high noon.

Stock Cattle by Weight

Producers Livestock, Salina, Utah

Steers Heifers

Slaughter Cattle

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

500-600 lb.

600-700 lb.

700-800 lb.

800+ lb.










131-145.5 0 119-133.2 5

Bred Cows: No Test

Commercial/Utility Cows

46.05-58. 85

Cutting Bulls


Slaughter Bulls



Heiferettes: No Test

March 12​1h​, 2019; volume: 1,265 The figures on this report are computer generated from “The Hottest Sale in the West” at Producers Livestock in Salina, UT. Notes: For great service contact the Salina Producers Auction at (435) 529-7437. For current market information call 435-529-7437.

Producers Livestock, Vale, Ore.

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.





Stock Cattle by Weight 500-600 600-700 lb. lb. 148-166. 147-156 50 145-158 133-145

700-800 lb. 135-143.5 0 121-127

800+ lb. N/T

Butcher Cows – bulk Shelly Cows Thin

Slaughter Cattle 56-63 Butcher Bulls 45-55

Top Bull

59-72 75


Young cow pairs Stock Cows Older 765-935 Heiferettes: 69-85 No Test March 13​th​, 2019 647 volume: ​Moderate demand with smaller numbers offered. ​ Questions about the market and/or to consign, call Producers Livestock, Vale Oregon, at (541) 473-3136


Auction Directory Get the most up-to-date market reports by visiting these websites NEVADA Nevada Livestock Marketing LLC Sale every Wednesday 1025 North Allen Road, Fallon, Nevada Office: (775) 423-7760 Fax: (775) 423-1813 • Fallon Livestock LLC Sale every Tuesday 2055 Trento Lane, Fallon, Nevada Office: (775) 867-2020 Fax: (775) 867-2021 • Superior Livestock Auction Load-lots of cattle sold via satellite and the Internet Northern Nevada

Representative Allie Bear (775) 738-8534

CALIFORNIA Shasta Livestock Auction Yard Sale every Friday Cottonwood, California Office: (530) 347-3793 Fax: (530) 347-0329 • Cattlemen’s Livestock Market Sale every Wednesday 12495 E. Stockton Blvd., Galt, California Office: (209) 745-1515

IDAHO Producers Livestock Marketing Assn.

11 South 100 West, Jerome, Idaho Office: (208) 324-4345 Cattle auction every Tuesday; dairy auction every-other Wednesday • Treasure Valley Livestock Auction Beef sale every Friday; General sale every other Saturday 1901 E. Chicago, Caldwell, Idaho Office: (208) 459-7475; (800) 788-4429 • Twin Falls Livestock Commission Office: (208) 733-7474 630 Commercial Ave. Twin Falls, ID

OREGON Producers Livestock Marketing Sale every Wednesday P.O. Box 67, Vale, Oregon Office: (541) 473-3136 • Central Oregon Livestock Auction Sale Every Monday 3457 S.W. Hwy. 97 Madras, Oregon Office: (541) 475-3851 www.centraloregonlivestock

Livestock Auction Services SALE EVERY WEDNESDAY! Jack Payne, Mgr.: 775-217-9273 Carey Hawkins: 208-724-6712 Office: 775-423-7760

SALE EVERY TUESDAY 2055Trento Lane, Fallon, NV 89406 (775) 867-2020 - Fax (775) 867-2021 - Email Tommy Lee, Owner (775) 741-4523 office (775) 217-2259

SALE @NV Rancher Magazine Follow us on Facebook and Instagram for exciting giveaways, conversation and more!

April 4-5, 2019 Gulf Coast Classic IV April 18, 2019 Video Auction Consignment Deadline April 8 April 25, 2019 Video Auction (Website Catalog) Consignment Deadline April 27


All In A Day’s Ride

The subject for today’s lesson is COWS! Ever put some thought to what would happen if you couldn’t get cows to work? It is hard enough to get fresh cattle to train your horses on; it also can cause some sleepless nights trying to keep a good supply for cutting contests. The trainers, being the ingenious, Commentary by creative creatures, they are David W. Glaser have come up with many alternatives to fresh cattle. The flag of course is the main stay. Some of the alternates are Buffalo which are three times the price of a sorry cow and have some limitations. Giving lessons to a Non-pro or a beginner on Buffalo is as about as much fun as trying to give a worm pill to a cat. The old “Fear no Cow” saying does not apply to the wooly beasts. The poor man’s Buffalo, the Mexican roping cattle work fine, when you can find them. They also are a bit spendy. The problem with them, due to their Mexican heritage after a while they will fall back on their tradition and take a Siesta, usually while you are working them. The modern convenience of Electricity has added yet another invention. Strapping an electronic controlled shocking device on the critter to encourage rapid movement. It is being used, with various applications and with success I must admit. A very interesting and effective training method which came out of Texas is the Alley system. It works well on used cattle. A critter is placed in a panel alley with a person to move it, the trainer or person getting the lesson is on the outside of the panels. It is a good way to get your horse schooled without the pressure of the cow leaning on you. It also is good way to get your colts broke moving the cows in the alley. There also are various other critters, goats, dogs, cats, anything that will move. One trainer used his wife; said she


Desolate Ranch Wife

was really good for about 4 horses the first day. Second day she pooped out after 3, said he might have run her into the ground, hadn’t seen her or the truck and the horse trailer for bout a week. Getting cattle for a contest is really becoming a tough situation. First of all, the word “Fresh” has numerous meaning. Young cowboy Bill got slapped when he gave Sally Jo a pat on the backside, she called him…. Fresh! To the Cutter, “Fresh” are cattle that have never been worked in a cutting pen. To most cattle suppliers it means the same thing, however there are a few dubious characters who think, “Well they haven’t been worked for a month, they’re fresh?” The price of renting the cattle is another question, from $28.00 for Holsteins to $55.00 for native cattle. The price in California has been as high as $80.00 a head. It is hard to keep the entry fees affordable with high cattle fees. There are a lot of ideas floating around to help the situation. Someone suggested that they change the number of head per cutter to 2 instead of 2 ½. Another person said we should cut the time to 2 minutes? One of those Teckie Types said we should cut a video cow? Wouldn’t want to judge that one! An ol time cutter told me once, “We used to have to bring our own cattle, if you showed 2 horses, you needed to bring 4 head of cattle.” I asked him “How’d that work?” “Not very good” he replied. He went on to tell me they had more fun sorting off each owners’ cattle after the cutting. It is a serious situation that we all as cutting horse enthusiasts need to be aware of. It is time we quit sticking our heads in the sand, we need to be nice, be friendly to our “Cow Boyfriends”, the ranchers and the cow buyers, who will help our sport survive. On the subject of cows, while giving a lesson to a “Newbe”, I told him to read the cow, look in his eye, read his mind, know when he is going to stop, know which way he is going to turn, feel it, make a good cut in the middle of the pen, control the cow, be one with the cow! “Any questions” I asked? The numb look I received was followed with, “And I’m supposed to do all this in 2 ½ minutes?” It’s all in a Day’s Ride! David W Glaser Contact David to purchase his book or call 208-989-5404

Politically Incorrect Horse Names

Many horse owners come up with some creative names for their horses, but cowboys may take the prize for the zaniest monikers bestowed upon their equine companions. Here are some of the most unusual and least politiCommentary by cally correct horse names Jolyn Young in the Western United States.* Launch Pad: Preparing to step on this horse must’ve been a tad nerve-wracking! This name was given to a horse in legendary cutting horse trainer Buster Welch’s show string decades ago. Neck Brace: This was a bay gelding in the cavvy of a ranch near Deeth, NV, so named for bucking off the foreman and breaking his neck (not fatally). Dr. Dan: A broncy three-year-old filly in Idaho was named after the chiropractor where she sent her rider for treatment for his aching back. Oprah: She was a big, black half-draft mare. Oatmeal: A cowboy started a buckskin colt for a friend, so he named him Oatmeal as a joke. The joke turned out to be on him when his friend gave him the colt with the name firmly attached. Tiny Tim: Unknown owner. Huge ranch horse. Roanie: Every ranch has at least one. Richard Cranium: He was a hard-headed, strong-willed, difficult-to-get-


along-with two-year-old stud colt at a cutting facility in Texas. Use the nickname for “Richard” and the common word for “cranium” and you’ll get the joke. Stripper Fluff: A gelding in a buckaroo’s string at a northwestern Nevada ranch. Your guess is as good as mine. Jenna and Tara: a pair of fillies in the two-year-old string at a Texas ranch. Jenna received her name because “she has a big ol’ butt, like Jenna Jameson,” and Tara was named after Tara Patrick. Their corral was called “the movie star pen” by everyone except the straight-laced boss. Halle (Berry): She was a paint mare at a northeastern Nevada ranch. Her owner really liked the mare’s disposition, looks and athletic ability, so he thought to himself, What’s black and white and smokin’ hot? Sometimes: Because sometimes you rode him, sometimes you didn’t. Tuscarora Pine: This was a sorrel gelding owned by the lovely and talented Tilly Freeman of Elko, Nevada. She nicknamed him “TP,” but he was renamed “Tilly’s Pride” and “Toilet Paper” by some jokesters. John Wayne: With a name like John Wayne, you know he’s going to be a cool horse. Ricky Bobby: Anyone remember the 2006 comedy Talledega Nights? A sorrel ranch gelding acquired by a cowboy during this time was named Ricky Bobby, because he wanted to go fast. Number Three: An Arizona ranch acquired several gray horses that the cowboys had trouble telling apart. So, they branded them each with a different digit on the left hip. There’s also a Number Four, Five, Six, and Eight. The other numbers have since been sold off the ranch. Pancake: Because when he bucks you off, you’ll be flatter than a pancake. *The most politically incorrect names were censored off this list by the author, who wanted to see this piece actually printed by this publication.

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