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THE WORLD’S HARDEST MUSIC TRIVIA Rock n Roll History, Fun Facts and Behind the Scenes Stories About the Groups and Songs You Thought You Knew

JOHN GRANTHAM


The World’s Hardest Music Trivia Š copyright, 2016, John Grantham. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced without the express, written consent of the publisher except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. For information contact Nautilus Publishing, 426 South Lamar Blvd., Suite 16, Oxford, MS 38655.

ISBN: xxx-x-xxxxxx-xx-x (hardcover) xxx-x-xxxxxx-xx-x (paperback) The Nautilus Publishing Company 426 South Lamar Blvd., Suite 16 Oxford, Mississippi 38655 Tel: 662-513-0159 www.nautiluspublishing.com

First Edition Front cover and interior design by Wil Oakes. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data has been applied for. Printed in the United States of America. 10

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If music be the food of love, then play on. William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night


HOW TO USE THIS BOOK Welcome to the World’s Hardest Music Trivia! This book will challenge even serious rock ‘n’ roll buffs while at the same time teaching trivia newbies tons of fun facts and stories from 40 years of music history. The questions in this book are interwoven with information and tidbits that will add to your knowledge even as it gets tested. Even if you think you know everything there is to know about music, there’s bound to be something in these pages you can use later on to win a bar bet. This stuff is supposed to be difficult, but it’s also supposed to be fun. That’s why this book is really two books in one. For the full-on, noholds-barred, without-a-net experience, the Master Level begins on page 12. In this version, you get no multiple choice and no hints. You either know it or you don’t. Each question will refer you to its corresponding page within the Mortal Level, which begins on page 146, to check your answers. Pro tip – even if you’re sure you know the answer to a question, it’ll be worth your while to flip to the back. Many of the answers have follow up stories and facts you won’t want to miss.


For the rest of us, who need a little nudge along the way in our rock ‘n’ roll trivia journey, flip straight to page 146 for Mortal Level trivia. The questions and stories are all the same, but many have multiple choice banks and the correct answers will appear in bold. It’s pretty simple once you get into it, and by the time you’re done, you’ll be a master regardless of where you started. However you choose to use this book, the most important thing to master is how to have a good time. Now, rock on!


CATEGORIES Master

Mortal

Level

Level

The Seventies

20

154

The Day the Music Died

34

190

On the Road Again

38

202

Rock and Roll Cinema

44

214

The Fifties

54

232

Doo Wop

64

248

Hound Dog

70

256

Only the Good Die Young

74

260

First Lines

78

264

Totally Awesome 80s

84

272

We Didn’t Start the Fire

90

288

Soundtrack of the 80s

94

296

Real to Reel Names

98

302

The Sixties

106

310

Hitsville U.S.A.

112

320

Hey, Hey We’re the Monkees

118

334

Surfin’ Safari

124

348

Meet the Beatles

128

352

I Got the Blues

136

368

Bill Haley and...

140

374

When I’m Sixty-four

144

378


Dewey Finn: ‘8:15 to 10, rock history. 10 to 11, rock appreciation in theory. And then band practice till the end of the day.’ Mike White, School of Rock (2003)


GLOSSARY Normally a glossary is added to the end of a work to add clarity and definitions to words that be unfamiliar to the reader. As such there may be some terms used throughout this tome that the reader is unfamiliar with depending on your age, real-world experience or general ignorance. Tome: a book, especially a large, heavy, scholarly one. (See how helpful that was?) 45: Refers to the speed in which a 7 inch record revolves on the turntable. In this case 45 RPMs or Revolutions Per Minute. Hence these records were referred to as “45s.” Strangely enough however, albums, which spun at 33 1/3 RPMs were rarely, if ever, referred to as “33s.” Single: another name for a 45 because it allowed the record companies to feature one potential hit song from the artist. This featured song would be considered the “A side.” A-side: As a record could have a song on both sides (duh) the companies would choose a song that they deemed to be the “hit side” and that they wanted the DJs to play. If an artist was very popular they could have a “double A-side.” Unfortunately this has caused controversy when trying to determine who has sold more records: does a “double A-Side count as selling one record or two? B-side: usually, though not necessarily, a song to be deemed not as strong. Also referred to as the “flip side” as in flip (or turn) the record over.

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45 adapters: In the U.S. these 45s had a 1.5 inch hole in the middle as opposed to the .283 inch hole used on an album. With the advent of a record player that allowed for multi-speed play a plastic insert (usually yellow) was invented that allowed the user to play their 45s on a standard record player. LPs: short for Long Playing record. These 12 inch wide records would typically feature 10 songs, five per side. 78s: The first record format invented which had a pretty good run from approximately 1900 – 1960. These records were 10 inches with wider grooves that allowed for about 3 minutes of music per side. Album: another name for an LP. In the early days of records (see 78s above) they were often sold packaged together in a hard covered binder or book (think photo album … although that might be a foreign concept to many of you as well). With the introduction of the LP the records continued to be released in a cardboard cover that served as a convenient advertisement for the artist or group. Cover Art: As albums gained popularity so did the penchant for more colorful and elaborate covers to attract attention. By the mid-1960s the genre of “cover art” was in full swing. This could be depicted by photos or artwork. The Beatles’ first album (With the Beatles in the UK and With the Beatles in the US) both featured the same iconic haunting black & white shadowed faces of the band members. By the mid 1970s groups like Yes, Uriah Heep and Molly Hatchet were almost known more for their distinctively colorful and fantasy infused cover art as for the music.

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Sleeves: inside the album cover was a simple plain white envelop designed to protect the record from undo scratching was a paper lining. Think of a shirt sleeve inside a jacket. As album sales grew sleeves, like cover art, developed as well. Usually they were printed with the song lyrics along with additional information about the producers, engineers and additional musicians that contributed to the album. Turntable: the electronic appliance on which you played music. This was also called; and this might surprise you… a record player. Believe it or not but records were the object was one of the first consumer “format wars.” If you’re old enough to remember Beta vs VHS, that had nothing on the introduction of recorded music for the masses. Needle: Literally a metal point that tracked inside the groove of the record and reproduced the sounds in analog by ‘reading’ the subtle high and low bumps as they were transferred to the record during the recording process. For the original 78s the needles were larger as the grooves in the records were wider. Stylus: In the 70s record players became status symbols and subsequently an expensive piece of equipment. As such, the single and simple needle was replaced by a cartridge that had the needle built in to it. This unit was the stylus. I don’t know if it provided a better sound but it was certainly more expensive. Tonearm (arm): A free moving part of the turntable that allowed the needle to track in the groove. Like the stylus, this essential piece of the turntable became more complex and expensive. High end players boasted tonearms that were lighter and more precisely

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balanced. Early tonearms sat heavily on the record. Penny: With repeated play, or abuse, records would get scratched or dirty which impacted their play-ability. Before the introduction of the balanced tonearm an easy and often used fix was to tape a penny to the end of the arm in order to keep the needle in the groove. With revisions to this book I may one day have to explain what a penny is. 8 Tracks: Invented by William Lear (of the business/luxury Lear jets) this analog music format was introduced to the mainstream consumer in the mid-60s as a built-in option for Ford cars and then with portable players literally allowed you to take your music on the road. Its heydays were the 1970s and the format was eventually supplanted by cassettes and CDs. Running time: 45 minutes. Cassettes: Much smaller format for both the format and the players for even greater portability. Easy to record on which ushered in the period of “mixed hits� in which anyone could (although laboriously and in real-time) dub songs to tape in in order and from multiple records. Unlike 8-tracks you could also rewind and fast forward to the songs you wanted to hear. Runtimes: up to 120 minutes, though 60 minutes was optimum. The Sony Walkman: Introduced to the U.S. in 1980 this rugged portable player extended the life of the cassette format into the mid-90s finding popularity with the emerging fitness trend. The Walkman concept morphed from cassette tapes to CDs to the short-lived MiniDisks (MDs) Compact Discs: Introduced commercially by Phillips in the U.S. in

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1984 after a two-year head start in Japan. Initial releases were heavily weighted towards classical music. Record stores faced challenges with marketing – just how much shelf space to dedicate to a brand new format. Originally CDs were sold in cardboard packaging and shrink-wrapped that were 6” wide and 12” tall so that two CDs side by side could fill the same space as a traditional album. Eventually consumer backlash against excessive packaging waste led the music companies to eliminate the cardboard boxes. Even Talking Heads front man David Bryne had encouraged music buyers of his CDs to complain about the environmental waste. By 1993 the long box went the way of McDonald’s Styrofoam containers. MiniDiscs (MD): In the early 1990’s Sony was looking for a replacement for the CD. They developed a small digital tape Digital Audio Tape or DAT. It did find it’s way into professional studios but the recording units proved too expensive for the average consumer. Enter the MD player; a 70 minute mini-CD encased in a plastic case. The players were roughly the size of the Sony Walkman and had the advantage over CDs in that the music was easily accessible on the disc. Although popular in Japan the format never caught on in the U.S. as Sony (not surprisingly) was the only major company to release their artist’s music on the format. Columbia House: A now defunct mail order membership from Columbia Records. They offered to send a new member up to 13 albums for 1¢ on the condition that you would buy an agreed upon number of albums at regular price. Think of it as the analog, snail mail version of iTunes. AOR: Album Oriented Rock. A radio station play format that began in earnest in the early 70s which featured the longer cuts of

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music directly from the albums and not necessarily from singles that labels promoted. With the AOR format music became something that was listening to and not necessarily danced to. It gave rise to the popularity of groups that played longer, concept albums such as Yes, Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin… Top 40: The forty highest rated singles based on Billboard magazines Hot 100. Why Top 40? That was the amount of records that the early jukeboxes held so songs played in public establishments were considered to be the Top 40 popular songs. Hit: A somewhat arbitrary term. It can refer to any single release that reaches the Billboard’s Hot 100 and stays there for at least a week. A hit can further achieve the distinction of being a Top 40 hit, Top 10 or the coveted #1. Label: The companies that produced and released to the records. The term “label” referred literally to the paper label that was glued onto the record that featured the company name, song title, writers and which was the A-Side (hit side) for the flip-side, or B-Side. The labels are also responsible for artist development and promotion.

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SECTION 1


MASTER LEVEL


Lt. Hookstratten: “May I start by saying how thrilled we are to have you here. We are such fans of your music and all of your records. I’m not speaking of yours personally, but the whole genre of the rock and roll.” Rob Reiner, Christopher Guest, Michael McKean, and Harry Shearer, This is Spinal Tap (1984)


The Seventies


T

he Seventies seem destined to be eternally defined as the decade of Disco and polyester leisure suits. This does a real disservice to both the decade and the genre. The truth is, Disco came late to the party and was just a cog in the wheel of musical styles that made up the entirety of the decade. The first wave of the British Invasion had ebbed. The singer/songwriter was taking the stage. FM radio was playing longer album cuts. Crossover artists were finding an audience on the airwaves. Music was becoming more portable with 8-tracks and cassettes. At home America was winding down its socially divisive involvement in the Vietnam War. President Nixon resigned in disgrace in the wake of the Watergate (the original “gate” scandal) break in. On the world stage the anger toward governments, big business and anything that represented the “establishment” was literally under attack as the term “Terrorists” entered the vocabulary with groups like the IRA, Black September, SLA, PLO, Weather Underground engaged in high profile kidnappings, hijackings and bombings. The environmental movement that took its baby-steps in the 60s found its voice with the establishment of the first Earth Day in 1970 as the result of wide spread industrial pollution.

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Domestically everyone had a special interest; Black Power was a more radicalized extension of the Civil Rights movement. Women’s Lib, which gained momentum a decade earlier with the introduction of The Pill, became a tidal wave in the Equal Rights fight. School bussing and desegregation that had divided the South in the 60s were now spilling over into upper middle-class neighborhoods in the North. The country was in its worst economic slump since the Great Depression. Gas stations ran out of gas as the result of the OPEC nations curtailing supplies to the US. Wages were low, unemployment was high and for the first time since the end of WWII there was a pervasive feeling that America had lost its luster. To escape the distractions, or perhaps to highlight them, the entertainment industry found itself in a state of flux. TV shows like “All in the Family” brought the fears and foibles of the white working class to the forefront while “Happy Days” ignored the problems all together and transported us back to the Halcyon days of the Fabulous Fifties when American was enjoying it’s strongest economic period and the nuclear family still ruled the roost.

MOVIES tickets average $2.00 1970 – Patton, Airport, M*A*S*H, 1971 – Billy Jack, Diamonds are Forever, Shaft, The French Connection 1972 – The Godfather, Cabaret, Fritz the Cat, Lady Sings the Blues 1973 – The Sting, American Graffiti, Papillon, The Exorcist,

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1974 – Blazing Saddles, Young Frankenstein, Death Wish, Godfather: Part II 1975 – One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, Jaws, Rocky Horror Picture Show 1976 – Rocky, Taxi Driver, Network, All the President’s Men 1977 – Star Wars, Saturday Night Fever, Annie Hall 1978 – Animal House, Halloween, Midnight Express 1979 – The Rose, The Amityville Horror, Kramer vs. Kramer

TELEVISION All in the Family, Happy Days, Mary Tyler Moore, The Waltons, Dallas, Welcome Back Kotter, Roots, Good Times, The Partridge Family, the birth of Monday Night Football and Saturday Night Live, Charlie’s Angels, Sanford & Son, Good Times…

COST OF LIVING Gallon of gas – 0.57 House – $28,000 Car – $3,800.00 Bread – $0.28 Postage stamp – $0.10 If you just asked yourself, “what’s a postage stamp?” then you really, really need this book

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I’m in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on the One-Hit Wonder Wall. I’m still very troubled by the fact that I’m in the hall and my dad isn’t. Debby Boone

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THE SEVENTIES This group won the Grammy Award for Best New Artist in 1976 and then were never heard from again. Their only hit talked about sneaking off during the middle of the day to have sex. 1.  Name the song (a: 154) 2.  Name the group (a: 154) After releasing four commercially unsuccessful albums that failed to chart this artist released a live (double) album in 1976 that skyrocketed to the number one spot and became the best selling live album of all time (for over twenty years). 3.  Name the artist (a: 155) 4.  Name the album (a: 155) 5.  Name the current best selling live album of all time (a: 156) “All Right Now” was the only #1 hit for this band (and a great air guitar standard) 6.  Name the group (a: 157)

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7.  Name the lead singer (a: 157) This group broke up and the lead singer formed a hugely successful group. 8.  Name the group (a: 158) After the second group broke up the lead singer tried a solo career and two other groups. 9.  Name group #1 (a: 158) 10.  Name group #2 (a: 158) From 2006 -2009 this singer then assumed the front man duties for one of the biggest Super Groups from the 70’s. 11.  Name this group (a: 159) Although it’s now considered a rock classic, when it was originally released in 1971, “Layla” only went to #51 on Billboard’s Top 100. 12.  13.  14.  15. 

Name of the album it was released on (a: 159) Who released the song? (a: 159) Who was the song written about? (a: 160) What was the inspiration for the song’s title? (a: 161)

“I’d Like to Buy the World a Coke” is one of the most successful commercial jingles of all time. It was re-written and released as a “real” song and recorded by two different groups. 16.  Name the two groups (a: 162)

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17.  What was the re-titled name of the song? (a: 162) Not the first or only song to begin its life as a commercial and then become a certified hit. In 1970 a one minute TV spot for Crocker Bank in So. Cal was reworked and became the signature song for one of the top-selling duos of the decade. 18.  Name the duo (a: 163) 19.  Name the song (a: 164) 20.  What instrument did the female member of the group play? (a: 164) 21.  Who wrote the song? (a: 164) 22.  What label did this duo and songwriter record for? (a: 165) This song spoke of an interracial relationship between a white man and a black woman, and as incredible as it seems now this was a controversial song when it was released in 1972. 23.  Name of the song (a: 165) Two groups had a hit with it. One in the UK and one in the US 24.  Name the group from the U.K. (a: 166) 25.  Name the group from the U.S. (a: 166) The Kinks scored a #9 U.S. hit with “Lola” which told of a young man inexperienced in the ways of the world. 26.  What did the Champagne taste like? (a: 167) 27.  What was so special about Lola? (a: 167)

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This song was originally banned from airplay in the U.K. 28.  Why ? (a: 168) Long before it became common practice to sample tunes, riffs and beats, George Harrison was judged guilty of plagiarism when writing “My Sweet Lord.” 29.  Name the song he plagiarized (in the eyes of the court) (a: 168) 30.  Name the group that sang the original song (a: 168) In 1976 Harrison released the album Thirty Three & 1/3, a reference to both the speed an LP and Harrison’s age at the time. Three singles were released from that album including a parody song that made fun of his lawsuit. 31.  Name this song. (a: 169) 32.  Which comedic actor provided background vocals? (a: 169) This singer had a breakthrough when he graced the covers of both Newsweek and Time magazine the same week; Oct. 27, 1975. 33.  Who is the singer? (a: 170) On the opposite end of the musical spectrum from the songs of the above-mentioned singer, this one-hit wonder capitalized on a popular fad of the mid-seventies and charted #1 on both Billboard’s Hot Country Singles and Hot 100.

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34.  What was the song? (a: 171) 35.  Who was the singer? (a: 171) 36.  What fad did the song further popularize? (a: 171) The daughter of a 1950’s pop singer, this performer left her mark on the decade with a monster hit that became the best selling single of the seventies. 37.  Who is the singer? (a: 172) 38.  What was the song? (a: 173) 39.  Who is her father? (a: 173) Signing with Motown in 1969, The Jackson 5 were one of the biggest hit-makers of early to mid-seventies, with 17 Top 40 hits on Billboard’s Hot 100. 40.  Which Motown singer introduced the Jackson 5 to Barry Gordy? (a: 174) Billy Joel’s first record deal with Family Records was a bad one (for him). So much so he chose to ride out the contract by moving from his native N.Y. to L.A. For about six months he played in a smoky piano bar called the Executive Club on Wilshire Blvd. 41.  What stage name did Billy Joel use while playing there? (a: 175) His breakout hit was 1973’s “Piano Man,” inspired by the people that frequented or worked at the Executive Club.

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42.  What was the bartender’s name? (a: 176) 43.  What did he really want to be if he wasn’t bartending? (a: 176) 44.  The waitress had another agenda; what was it? (a: 176) For the album Streetlife Serenade, Billy Joel wrote a song that paid homage to “Piano Man.” 45.  What was the name of that song? (a: 176) Saturday Night Live debuted on October 11, 1975 as NBC’s Saturday Night. Comedian George Carlin was the first host. 46. 

Who were the first musical guests on that show? (There were two of them). (a: 177)

The Beatles legally disbanded in 1970. Three of the former members pursued solo careers. Paul McCartney formed another band, Wings, with whom he continued to have hit records. Although judging by U.K. charts, record buyers in Britain didn’t like Wings as much as we did in the U.S. 47.  Wings only had one #1 single in the UK. What was it? (a: 178) The 70s will be forever linked at the hip to Disco but many people consider Rap to have reared its head at the end of the decade. 48.  What group had a Top 40 rap hit? (a: 178) 49.  What was the first Rap single? (a: 178) 50.  What song is considered by most to have ushered in the

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Disco Era? (a: 179) 51.  Who released the song? (a: 179) Two hit songs by female artists spoke about a mysterious man in their lives but neither were mentioned by name. 52.  What 1972 song did Carly Simon sing about an affair with a conceited lover? (a: 179) 53.  Who is the song purported to be about? (a: 179) Roberta Flack also had a hit about a man. In this case the song spoke about a man that had moved her emotionally. 54.  What was her #1 song called? (a: 180) 55.  Who was the inspiration for the song? (a: 180) In 1977 this Canadian band was a One Hit Wonder with their double A-side single. (If you consider #63 on the Billboard Hot 100 a hit). The group’s biggest claim to fame was the rumor it was actually the Beatles reunited and recording under a pseudonym to see if their music was still relevant without the Beatles name attached to it. 56.  What was the group? (a: 180) 57.  What was the name of their only hit? (a: 180) That same year another act had a bigger hit (#32) with the song. 58.  Who were they? (They were legitimate hit-makers.) (a: 181)

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David Bowie brought a theatrical flair to pop music through his on-stage personas and served as inspiration to the likes of David Byrne, Madonna, Lady Gaga, Queen, Alice Cooper and to some extent KISS and every big-haired Metal group of the 80s. 59.  Which of the following are NOT a Bowie character (a: 181) Ziggy Stardust Aladdin Sane Spiro Agnew Daimon Hellstrom Halloween Jack The Thin White Dude Screaming Lord Byron Major Tom Pierrot The Mad Hatter American Graffiti was one of the highest grossing movies of all time when it was released in 1973. It was nominated for five Academy Awards including Best Picture (losing to The Sting). The setting for the movie was one night in the lives of high school-aged kids in Modesto, CA in 1962. It launched the career of many young actors including Harrison Ford, Richard Dreyfuss, Suzanne Somers, Cindy Williams and Charles Martin Smith. Featuring over 40 hits by the original artists as well as actual radio/ telephone dialog by D.J. Wolfman Jack the soundtrack album went to #10 on Billboard’s Top 200 and was certified triple-platinum. The movie featured an appearance by a Fifties-retro band that also

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appeared as a USO touring band in Apocalypse Now. 60.  What was the name of this band? (a: 182) In 1976 this group finally had their own Top 40 hit. 61.  What was the name of that song? (a: 182) Fleetwood Mac started out in the 60s as a blues band. Mick Fleetwood played in several bands in England before being invited to joining Fleetwood Mac which, even though it partially bears his name, was not his band. The group underwent a big personnel shakeup in the 70s that lead to their most commercially successful period. 62.  Who is the only member of the group that has been with them from Day One? (a: 183) 63.  What is their biggest selling album to date? (a: 183) Amazingly, even with all their sales, Fleetwood Mac only has one #1 hit. 64.  What is it? (a: 183) 65.  Who wrote it? (a: 183) Mick adopted a very unique fashion statement early on in his professional career. It’s prominently displayed on the Rumours album cover. 66.  What is this fashion accessory? (a: 184)

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SINGERS WE LOST IN THE 70’S Mary Ann Ganser (the Shangri-Las) Jimi Hendrix * Janis Joplin * Jim Morrison * Louis Armstrong Duke Ellington Gene Vincent Duane Allman (the Allman Bros.) Rory Storm (and the Hurricanes) Ron McKernan (Grateful Dead) Clarence White (the Byrds) Paul Williams (The Temptations) Gram Parsons Jim Croce Bobby Darin Cass Elliot (Mama & the Papas) * Tim Buckley Bing Crosby Elvis Presley Keith Moon (the Who) Sid Vicious (the Sex Pistols) Van McCoy Ronnie Van Zant (Lynard Skynard) Florence Ballard (the Supremes)

* members of the 27 Club – popular musicians that cashed in their chips at the age of 27.

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THE DAY THE MUSIC DIED


THE DAY THE MUSIC DIED Released in November of 1971 this is arguably the greatest rock and roll ballad ever recorded and, at eight minutes and 36 seconds, one of the longest songs to chart #1. This biographical song laments about a tragic plane crash that took the lives of three rock n roll legends. 67.  Name the song (a: 190) 68.  Name the singer/songwriter (a: 191) Although no specific date is mentioned, the opening lyrics proclaim that the events of the song took place, “A long, long time ago…” 69.  On what date did the music die? (a: 191) This was the beginning of the era when promoters would put together touring shows with multiple split-bills featuring several artists and/or groups. 70.  What was the promotional name given to this particular tour? (a: 192) 71.  In what venue was the last show held? (a: 192)

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72.  In which city was the show supposed to be held the following day? (a: 192) The doomed plane was a Beechcraft V-tailed Bonanza that could carry a pilot and three passengers. 73.  74.  75.  76. 

What was the name of the plane? (a: 192) What was the pilot’s name? (a: 193) Who were the three rockers that died? (a: 194) Who didn’t get on the plane that day? (a: 194)

Of the rockers that died, one was, strictly speaking, really a DJ who was on the tour as the result of his one-hit wonder. 77.  What was his real name? (a: 197) 78.  What song did he have a hit with? (a: 197) In the chorus of “American Pie”… 79.  What brand of car did the singer drive? (a: 197) 80.  Where did he drive? (a: 197) 81.  What were the “Good ole boys” drinking? (a: 198) On April 7, 2015 Don McLean auctioned off his hand-written notebook at Christie’s for 1.2 million dollars. When asked to explain the meaning of this most iconic and perplexing song McLean would answer, “It means I don’t ever have to work again if I don’t want to.”

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Rob: ‘What came first, the music or the misery? People worry about kids playing with guns, or watching violent videos, that some sort of culture of violence will take them over. Nobody worries about kids listening to thousands, literally thousands of songs about heartbreak, rejection, pain, misery and loss. Did I listen to pop music because I was miserable? Or was I miserable because I listened to pop music?’ Nick Hornby, High Fidelity (2000)


ON THE ROAD AGAIN


ON THE ROAD AGAIN From “Route 66” to “The Heart of Rock n Roll” songwriters have always found a way to incorporate cities, states and countries into their lyrics. The following is a list of songs that feature specific locations. Name the place. 82.  In Bobby Gentry’s “Ode to Billy Joe,” Billy Joe McAlister jumps off the Tallahatchie River bridge. Where is it located? (a: 202) 83.  Where are John Denver’s “Country Roads” located? (a: 202) 84.  In the opening verse of Billy Joel’s “The Ballad of Billy the Kid” where was Billy from? (a: 203) In the same song, the story ends with another young man living a life of crime. 85.  Where was this boy from? (a: 204) 86.  “The Little Old Lady…” of Jan and Dean’s surf-infused, car-crazy hit was from what city? (a: 204) 87.  In what city was the singer “standing on the corner…” in the Eagles song, “Take It Easy”? (a: 204)

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Elvis Presley’s reworking of Chuck Berry’s song “Promised Land” tells of a cross-country journey by bus, train and plane. 88.  From which city did the singer/narrator begin his journey? (a: 205) 89.  Where did, “the Hound broke down”? (Greyhound bus) (a: 205) 90.  What city was referred to as “The Promised Land”? (a: 205) Speaking of Chuck Berry… In his hit “Sweet Little Sixteen” he mentions seven cities. 91.  Name the city that is only mentioned once. (a: 206) 92.  What Beach Boys hit was inspired by “Sweet Little Sixteen”? (a: 206) Another Berry classic “Back in the U.S.A.” begat a Beatles’ song. 93.  What was the Beatles song it inspired? (a: 207) Appropriately enough, the B-Side of “Back in the U.S.A.” contained a song with the name of a U.S. city. 94.  What was the city? (a: 207) 95.  In Bruce Springsteen’s song “Born in the U.S.A.” how many American cities are mentioned? (a: 207) 96.  What continent was immortalized in the oft-played music video and megahit for the band Toto? (a: 208) 97.  Glen Campbell scored a hit in 1968 with the haunting

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song about the life and loves of a man that worked on the power lines of which city? (a: 208) 98.  Seems like Glen liked to travel lyrically as he did when extolling the virtues of what Texas city in another hit? (a: 209) 99.  Where did the girl in Jimmy Buffett’s “Fins” move to the islands from? (a: 209) Buffet made a lot of stops around the world as well. In the song “Volcano” he lists nine places where he doesn’t want to land. “… when the volcano blows.” 100.  Name at least five locations mentioned in the song (a: 210) Dave Messina’s “Please Come to Boston” tells the story of a young musician on the road trying to convince his girlfriend to join him as he goes from city to city. She begs him to come home. 101.  Where is home? (a: 210) Ricky Nelson had a girl in every port in this #1 offering from 1961. 102.  Name the song that talks about the worldly women he left behind (a: 211) 103.  Who was his famous father? (a: 211)

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Girl: ‘How come you don’t play during daytime? I see you here everyday’. Guy: ‘During the daytime people would want to hear songs that they know, just songs that they recognize. I play these song at night or I wouldn’t make any money. People wouldn’t listen’. Girl: ‘I listen.’ John Carney, Once (2006)


ROCK ‘N’ ROLL CINEMA


ROCK AND ROLL CINEMA Even before The Blackboard Jungle exploded onto the screen and made a star out of Bill Hailey and His Comets with their song, “Rock Around the Clock” movie producers began exploiting the culture and music of teenagers. With each of the synopsis below name the movie in which rock and roll, or other musical genres, play an integral part. (for answers, turn to page 214) 104.  Released after serving a stint for manslaughter, this ex-con becomes a singing star until his ego gets in the way. 105.  The members of this band must hole up in their hotel while keeping an eye on the grandfather of one of them until it’s time for their big performance. 106.  While playing a charity show at a local prison, a Julliard student breaks an aging blues guitarist out of jail and travels with him to Mississippi. 107.  Aspiring band manager takes out an ad in the local newspaper to form an R&B/Soul band and holds auditions in his parents’ living room. 108.  A Midwestern boy looking to spend a few days in New York before enlisting in the army is befriended by

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109.  110. 

111.  112. 

113. 

114.  115.  116.  117.  118. 

119.  120.  121. 

hippies. A high school girl enlists her favorite rock n roll band to get at the principal. A couple’s car breaks down and they are forced to stay over night in weird castle with an eclectic cast of characters lead by a drag queen. These cartoon characters must save Pepperland from the Blue Meanies. Two friends separately cruise the streets of their small town as they try to decide whether to head for college or stay put. A high school boy comes of age as he follows an upand-coming band on the road and writes about their exploits for Rolling Stone magazine. This “mockumentary” follows the lives and career of a hard rock band that’s seen better days. Another bluesman/ex-con enlists his brother to help him save the orphanage they both grew up in. A Brooklyn teenager sees dancing as his only chance to succeed and escape his dull existence. A deaf, dumb and blind boy becomes a master pinball player and the object of a religious cult because of that. A record store owner compiles a list of his top five breakups and the importance of music in life and relationships. A washed up rock star falls in love with a young, upand-coming female singer A substitute teacher of a private school inspires his students to form a band. Discontented youth from an abusive home has to overcome a rival singer, a blossoming romance and his own

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dysfunctional band in order to succeed. 122.  As if life isn’t stacked against him enough, this rapper must deal with family and foes alike to pursue his dream.

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If you tried to give rock and roll another name, you might call it ‘Chuck Berry.’ John Lennon


THE FIFTIES


I

f a decade could exhibit the symptoms of being bi-polar, then surely the 1950s would have been diagnosed with this disorder. On the surface it was stay at home moms as portrayed by June Cleaver in “Leave it to Beaver.” Disneyland opened. Families watched television together (because there was only one TV ). Baseball was the national sport. America began a mass vaccination program against polio. Cadillac introduced the tail fin in ’48, but the look gained its icon prominence throughout the Fifties. The U.S. economy and population was booming with 4 million babies born every year during the 50s. More people were living in or near big cities instead of more rural locations. The term suburbia was introduced as developments like Levittown began to spring up. Men (most having returned from service during WWII just five years earlier) went to work everyday while women (mothers) stayed at home and tended to the duties of raising a family and minding the house. Children that had experienced rationing during the war were becoming teenagers in the early to mid fifties. It was to this middle-class, white-washed, Disneyesque image that a social and political undercurrent began to bubble. Negroes (to use the vernacular of the times) were beginning to publically challenge the cultural and political systems that had for so long relegated them to second-class citizens as observed in the Jim Crow South and with laws such as the Mann Act (which would later have an affect upon

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rock and roll). Internationally, America was forced to share the stage with our Allied victors from World War II. Our closest friend was Great Britain but they would spend half the Fifties literally digging out from under the rubble left behind from German bombing raids. It wasn’t until 1954 that the British ended food rationing. It was the Russians, as part of the great Soviet Union and her satellite countries of Eastern Europe that cast the biggest shadow on world politics; first with the Iron Curtain which, although not a physical barrier, presented an ideological wall between East and West. In America our distrust of the Soviets and more specifically Communism led to the “Red Scare.” Sen. Joseph McCarthy built (and lost) his political career by grandstanding against the threat. Hollywood, always a community of liberal, left-leaning thinkers, blacklisted many of its top writers in reaction to a growing public perception that there was a “Commie under every rock.” Television’s Golden Age was tarnished toward the end of the decade when it was revealed that several of the most popular quiz shows were rigging the dice, so to speak, by providing some of the contestants the answers beforehand, all for entertainment value. The “reality show” format has its beginning. Even the music industry was stung by the Payola Scandal, a “Play for Pay” system in which DJs and radio station owners had their hands greased and pockets filled by record companies to play the music of specific artists. To this stage entered a technology whose influence could not possibly

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have been measured at the time for the social and economic part it was about to play, first in America and then around the world. It was one of the first “format wars” of the 20th Century when in 1947 Columbia introduced the LP, a 12” vinyl record as a significant technological improvement to the 78. Not to be outdone, RCA brought out the 45 the following year. The benefit of the 45 was that it ushered in smaller, portable and readily affordable record players. Teenagers were no longer tethered to the family record player nor did they have to listen to their parent’s music, which was still very much Big Band and crooning singers. For the first time a new class of consumer was created - the teenager - and the music industry was ready to exploit it.

MOVIES tickets average $1.00 1950 – Sunset Boulevard, All About Eve, Winchester ‘73 1951 – African Queen, An American in Paris, The Day the Earth Stood Still 1952 – Singing in the Rain, High Noon, The Quiet Man, The Greatest Show on Earth 1953 – Roman Holiday, Shane, Staglag 17, From Here to Eternity 1954 – On the Waterfront, Rear Window, Godzilla, Caine Mutiny 1955 – Rebel Without a Cause, Marty, Lady and the Tramp, Oklahoma! 1956 – The Ten Commandments, Forbidden Planet, The King and I, The Bad Seed 1957 – Bridge on the River Kwai, 12 Angry Men, Old Yeller, Jailhouse Rock 1958 – The Blob, Gigi, A Night to Remember, King Creole, The Fly 1959 – Some Like it Hot, Ben-Hur, On the Beach, North by Northwest, Gidget

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TELEVISION I Love Lucy, Your Show of Shows, The Jack Benny Show, You Bet Your Life, The Jackie Gleason Show, The Mickey Mouse Club, Dragnet... Game shows and quiz shows provided popular fodder but beginning in 1957 Westerns ruled the roost. The Following year eight of the top ten shows were westerns with Gunsmoke top the chart. Most homes had one black & white television that the whole family would watch together. There were four major networks; ABC, CBS, NBC and the Dumont Network that stopped broadcasting in 1956.

COST OF LIVING Gallon of gas – 20¢ House – $14,500 Car – $1500 Loaf of Bread – 14¢ Postage stamp – 3¢ Candy Bar – 5¢ 45” single – 49¢ LP album – $1.29

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THE FIFTIES An album from the 1950’s spent 153 weeks (almost 13 years) on Billboard’s Top Ten charts. That’s almost double the length of time Thriller spent in the top ten: 78 weeks. 123.  What was the album? (a: 232) 124.  Who was responsible for this album? (a: 232) 125.  What is considered to be the first true rock n roll song? (a: 233) 126.  What was the band that first released it? (a: 233) 127.  In what year was it released? (a: 234) With the growing popularity of television in the 1950s it didn’t take long for sponsors and hosts to jump on the rock n roll bandwagon and tap into the youth audience that these stars could bring. To the chagrin of their parents mainstream television started to embrace rock and roll. 128.  What was the first national TV appearance for Jerry Lee Lewis? (a: 234) Perhaps the show with the largest viewership and hence the most

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prestige for performers was the Ed Sullivan Show which introduced the Beatles to the U.S. in 1964 setting viewership records for years to come. Prior to that historic broadcast… 129.  Who was the first rock and roll group to appear on the Sullivan show? (a: 235) This early Rock and Roll star was originally turned down (although eventually appeared 12 years after his first #1 hit) for the Ed Sullivan show by Sullivan’s adamant dismissal, “Get out of here. I don’t want anymore of this Elvis crap.” 130.  Who was this singer? (a: 235) Phil Harris was a popular bandleader, actor and singer who only had one #1 hit (in the pre-Billboard Hot 100 days) with a novelty song. 131.  What was the song? (a: 235) Years later he provided the voice for a popular animated character. 132.  What character did he provide the voice for? (a: 236) If you want to start a fight among true record aficionados, begin by comparing #1 hits on the three weekly periodicals that charted such things starting in the 1940s. Billboard, Cashbox and Record World all had different ways of calculating their data and different categories of popular music. Eventually Cashbox and Record World fell by the wayside, leaving Billboard as the end all be all source of a record/artist’s success (or lackthereof ).

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133.  What was Billboards first #1? (a: 236) 134.  What singer had the hit? (a: 236) 135.  Who was this singer’s famous father? (a: 236) Before David Bowie, Funkadelic and Elton John, one of the first true showman of Rock and Roll was Little Richard. 136.  What was his first hit? (a: 237) In 1957 at the height of his career he abruptly retired from the industry. (By 1962 he was performing again). 137.  Why did he quit? (a: 237) Upon his return to the recording Little Richard formed a group in order to maintain some anonymity. 138.  What was this group’s name? (a: 238) Elvis has left the building. A few questions about the King of Rock and Roll. 139.  Elvis lived and died in Graceland in Memphis. Where was he born? (a: 238) 140.  What was Elvis’ trademarked phrase? (a: 238) 141.  What the first National TV appearance for Elvis? (a: 238) 142.  What was Elvis’ first movie role? (a: 239) In July of 1953 Elvis walked into the Memphis Recording Service (what would become Sun Records) to record a two-sided single as a gift for his mother.

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143.  What were the first two songs Elvis recorded at Sun Records? (a: 239) 144.  Who owned Sun Records? (a: 240) A year and a half later Elvis had his first national hit on Billboard’s chart. 145.  What was Elvis’ first #1 hit? (It was on the Country & Western charts.) (a: 240) 146.  What was Elvis’ first #1 hit on the Top 100 Pop chart? (a: 240) Only nine songs have sold over 20 million copies. Bing Crosby had two of them (White Christmas and Silent Night). 147.  What was Elvis’ 20 million-seller? (a: 240) Credited for kick-starting his return to public adulation, on December 3, 1968 Elvis starred in a showcase special on NBC. 148.  What was the show’s original name? (a: 241) Prior to this show Elvis hadn’t performed live in almost seven years. One of these appearances (and also one of the few since being discharged from the Army) was a charity event in December of 1961.

149.  What was the occasion for this concert appearance? (a: 241) Elvis has left the building. If you are a true Elvis fan you’ll have no trouble with this last question about the King of Rock and Roll.

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150.  On what date did Elvis pass away? (a: 241) He never had a #1 hit and only charted four Top 100 songs; nonetheless this rockabilly singer was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998 after starting his career in the 50s by winning an Elvis sound-a-like contest. 151.  Who is this singer? (a: 242) 152.  What was his biggest hit (#7)? (a: 242) In 1954 Disneyland was a hit show on ABC. It was an unabashed promo for the Walt Disney’s theme park that he was planning to open in Anaheim. The show featured weekly programming that reflected the various themed areas of the park such as Frontierland, Adventureland, Tomorrowland… 153.  What show inspired by the Frontierland experience begat a national fad of wearing coonskin caps? (a: 242) Here’s the musical tie-in. The theme song from that show (and eventual five-part series) was recorded by separately by four singers in 1955 and all of them charted while running virtually concurrently. It was even #1 in France by a French singer. 154.  What was the song? (a: 243) The original soundtrack for the TV series was performed by the Wellingtons, who would go on to perform as house regulars for another ABC show called Shindig that featured the hottest musical acts (both live and via taped performances).

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155.  What other ubiquitous television show (from the 60’s) did the Wellingtons sing the theme for? (a: 243)

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Eddie: ‘When you’re making out, which do you prefer, Sinatra or Mathis’? Boogie: ‘I like Presley’. Barry Levinson, Diner (1982)


DOO WOP


W

ith the confluence of musical styles, particularly in the early days of what would become rock and roll there was one style that has remained true to itself. One truism of the genre, you know what it is when you hear it. An offshoot of Barbershop quartets that gained favor in the late 1880s, these vocal harmony groups were predominately African-American and male from their initial appearance in the early 1930s until their cross over blending into rock and roll of the 1950s. Two groups left a bigger footprint and bore more influence than any others: The Mills Brothers and the Ink Spots. The former was four bothers form Ohio that had their first hit in 1931 with “Tiger Rag” and their last in 1968 (#23 on Billboard’s Hot 100) with “Cab Driver.” They unofficially lead the “American Invasion” into Britain by popularizing American rhythm & blues before it gained wide-spread acceptance in America and opened the doors (and ears) of British audiences to Negro music i.e. blues, jazz and spiritual. The Mills Brothers were the first African-American group to have a command performance for British royalty, King George V and Queen Mary in 1934 at the London Palladium. Their style influenced many other groups and singers.

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On the heels of the Mills Brothers’ success came the Ink Spots. Lead by the tenor Bill Kenny, the lofty refrains of the Ink Spots produced a Top Ten song with “If I Didn’t Care.” To date it has sold over 19 million copies, making it the tenth best-selling physical single of all time. No Beatles single outsold it and only one Elvis single did. Groups like the Beach Boys drew heavily on the tight vocal harmonies, as did the Four Seasons. Since country & western had its own styling of integrated harmonies you could perhaps argue that groups like the Eagles borrowed from doo wop. Even Billy Joel paid homage to the genre in the 80s with hits like “Uptown Girl” and “The Longest Time.”

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DOO WOP 156.  This song was an R&B #1 in 1954 for the Penguins and in 1955 with the Crew Cuts. (a: 248) 157.  Who had a #1 hit with “The Great Pretender”? (a: 248) 158.  Before it was a hit musical, “Smokey Joe’s Café” was a hit for one of the “Bird groups.” (a: 248) 159.  Carl Gardner of the above group left to join another hugely popular Doo wop group. What was this group? (a: 249) 160.  What was the biggest hit (#3 single for 1957) for the Canadian group The Diamonds? (a: 249) 161.  The song was released a month earlier by another group. Who were they? (a: 249) Maurice Williams, the songwriter, formed another group two years later and had their only #1 hit 162.  What was the name of his new group? (a: 249) 163.  What was the song? (a: 250) 164.  It was a Top 40 hit in 1964 and again in 1978. Name the artists that charted (a: 250)

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Although it only got to #5 on the pop charts (#3 on the R&B) this iconic doo wop songs asks us, “(Who Wrote) The Book of Love?” 165.  What group scored a hit with the song? (a: 250) 166.  Which 1973 #1 song made reference to this song? (a: 251) 167.  Which Doo Wop revival/tribute group performed at Woodstock? (a: 251) One of the novelties surrounding these vocal-harmony ditties was the “answer song,” although the trait was not limited to Doo Wop. Early examples are Woody Guthrie’s “This Land is Your Land” in response to Irving Berlin’s “God Bless America,” Paul McCartney’s “Silly Love Songs” to Lennon’s “How Do You Sleep?” and Lynyrd Skynyrd’s “Sweet Home Alabama” which was a throw down to Neil Young’s “Southern Man” and “Alabama.” 168.  What was the answer song to Big Mama Thorton’s “Hound Dog”? (yes it was a hit before Elvis) (a: 251) The following is a list of the answer-song and singer. What was the original song? (for answers, turn to page 252) 169.  170.  171.  172.  173.  174. 

“I Put the Bomp” - Frankie Lymon “I’m No Run Around” - Ginger Davis “Yes I’m Lonesome Tonight” - Thelma Carpenter “Tell Tommy I Miss Him” - Marilyn Michaels “Oh Neil” - Carole King “The Cajun Queen” - Jimmy Dean

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175.  “That Makes It” - Jayne Mansfield 176.  “I’m a Man” - Bo Diddley 177.  “Mannish Boy” - Muddy Waters

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HOUND DOG


HOUND DOG The following songs have been cryptically altered. Figure out the name of the songs; all of which have an animal connection. (for answers, turn to page 256) 178.  179.  180.  181.  182.  183.  184.  185.  186.  187.  188.  189.  190.  191.  192.  193.  194. 

Batman’s sidekick takes wing Precious metallic avian Amorous aquatic rodent Equine incognito Iris and pupil of an apex predator A couple and a ghostly voice Papillion Vietnamese Calendar 2011 Ray-finned fish with lots of teeth Vereen, Kingsley or Franklin The kennel door is open Omnivorous mammal speeds up Simba takes naps Peckish Canis Lupis Sad pigeons Deeds of a camouflaged lizard Musical crustacean

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195.  196.  197.  198.  199.  200.  201. 

Hush… Daddy will buy you this ¿Qué tal? Gato Surprise the rhesus Fiscally irresponsible canine Popular Christmas carol Aquatic reptile turned to stone Feral horse for actress Field

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Shrevie: “Ok, now ask me what’s on the flip side.” Beth: “Why?” Shrevie: “Just, just ask me what’s on the flip side, OK?” Beth: “What is on the flip side?” Shrevie: “Hey, Hey, Hey, 1958. Specialty Records.” [Beth nods blankly] Shrevie: “See? You don’t ask me things like that, do you? No! You never ask me what’s on the flip side.” Beth: “No! Because I don’t give a shit. Shrevie, who cares about what’s on the flip side about the record?” Shrevie: “I do! Every one of my records means something! The label, the producer, the year it was made. Who was copying whose style... who’s expanding on that, don’t you understand? When I listen to my records they take me back to certain points in my life, OK? Just don’t touch my records, ever! You! The first time I met you? Modell’s sister’s high school graduation party, right? 1955. And Ain’t That A Shame was playing when I walked into the door!” Barry Levinson, Diner (1982)


ONLY THE GOOD DIE YOUNG


ONLY THE GOOD DIE YOUNG Speaking of dying… songwriters and singers in 50’s and early 60’s seemed to have a fascination with death and dying - usually as the result of racing cars. Many of these tear-jerkers played upon the theme of young couples who would never be together again. The following songs deal with death in some form or another and amazingly most were hit songs. Name the group or singer that charted with the following songs (for answers, turn to page 260) 202.  203.  204.  205.  206.  207.  208.  209.  210.  211.  212. 

“Running Bear” “Teen Angel” “The Last Kiss” “Tell Laura I Love Her” “Dead Man’s Curve” “Leader of the Pack” “Ode to Billie Joe” “In the Ghetto” “D.O.A.” “Seasons in the Sun” “Billy Don’t Be a Hero”

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213.  214.  215.  216.  217.  218.  219.  220.  221.  222.  223.  224.  225. 

“Run Joey Run” “No Surfing Today” “I Don’t Like Mondays” “The Legend of Mac the Knife” “Janie’s Got a Gun” “The Night the Lights Went Out in Georgia” “Delilah” “Maxwell’s Silver Hammer” “Seasons in the Sun” “Honey” “Shannon” “Ohio” “You Don’t Mess Around With Jim”

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FIRST LINES


FIRST LINES The following lyrics are the first lines of popular songs. Name the song and the artist (for answers, turn to page 264) 226.  “All the leaves are brown and the sky is grey.” 227.  “I love the colorful clothes she wears.” 228.  “As they pulled you out of the oxygen tent, you asked for the latest party.” 229.  “Dirty old river, must you keep rolling, flowing into the night.” 230.  “We skipped the light fandango. Turned cartwheels cross the floor.” 231.  “She keeps her Moet et Chandon in her pretty cabinet ‘Let them eat cake’ she says just like Marie Antoinette.” 232.  “Johnny’s in the basement mixing up the medicine. I’m on the pavement thinking about the government.” 233.  “I used to bite my tongue and hold my breath scared to rock the boat and make a mess.” 234.  “Stars appear and the shadows are fallin’ You can hear my heart callin’.” 235.  “The local rock group down the street is trying hard to

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236.  237.  238.  239.  240.  241.  242.  243.  244.  245.  246.  247. 

learn their song.” “Madman drummers bummers and Indians in the summer with a teenage diplomat.” “Load up on guns, bring your friends. It’s fun to lose and to pretend.” “A long, long time ago and I can still remember.” “I come home in the morning light, my mother says when you gonna live your life right.” “I saw him dancing there by the record machine I knew he must have been about seventeen.” Swaying room as the music starts. Strangers making the most of the dark.” “Livin’ on sponge cake watching the sun bake all those tourists covered with oil.” “There’s talk on the street; it sounds so familiar. Great expectations, everybody’s watching you.” “I look out my window watch her as she passes by.” “So many nights I sit by my window, Waiting for someone to sing me his song.” “I’m saying all the things that I know you’ll like, making good conversation.” “If I should stay I would only be in your way.”

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THE EIGHTIES


F

ormer Hollywood actor Ronald Reagan was elected the 40th President of the United States. As one of his last acts in office President Jimmy Carter proclaimed that the U.S. would boycott the 1980 Olympics to be held in Moscow as the result of the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan.

Carlos the Jackal continued his terrorist campaigns in Europe and was the subject of books by both Robert Ludlum in his Bourne trilogies and Tom Clancy’s “Rainbow Six.” The I.R.A. stepped up its bombing of London and Britain. After 444 days being held captive by Iranian students, 52 American hostages were released. The United States was gripped by the worst economic recession in history. On Wall Street, “Greed was good.” CNN became the first 24 hour news service on the fledgling cable television services. Mark David Chapman greets John Lennon and Yoko Ono outside their New York residence, the Dakota, and has the former Beatle sign latest album, Double Fantasy. Five hours later upon the couple’s return home from a recording session, Chapman shots Lennon dead; sits down on the sidewalk and awaits the police.

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MOVIES tickets average $3.55 1980 – The Empire Strikes Back, Airplane!, Caddyshack, Mad Max 1981 – Raiders of the Lost Ark, On Golden Pond, Stripes, Fame 1982 – E.T., Diner, Poltergeist, Gandhi, Rocky III 1983 – Return of the Jedi, Flashdance, War Games, The Right Stuff 1984 – Beverly Hills Cop, Ghostbusters, Footloose, The Terminator 1985 – Back to the Future, The Breakfast Club, The Color Purple 1986 – Top Gun, Crocodile Dundee, Aliens, Ferris Bueller’s Day Off 1987 – Broadcast News, Full Metal Jacket, Dirty Dancing, Predator 1988 – Big, Die Hard, Bull Durham, Rain Man, Who Framed Roger Rabbit? 1989 – Batman, When Harry Met Sally, The Little Mermaid

TELEVISION Roseanne, The Cosby Show, Cheers, The Wonder Years, L.A. Law, A-Team, Family Ties, Dallas, Miami Vice, Moonlighting, Murphy Brown, The Love Boat, Magnum P.I., Hill Street Blues, Family Ties...

COST OF LIVING Gallon of gas – $1.20 House – $89,000 Car – $9,000 Bread – $0.55 Postage stamp – $0.20

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THE EIGHTIES At one minute after midnight on August 1, 1980 MTV went on the air and not only ushered in a new age of music and pop stars but gave us a new word: VJ (Video Jockey) 248.  What was the first song/video MTV played? (a: 272) 249.  Name the group (a: 272) Those should have been two easy questions. Here are two harder ones… 250.  What was the second song/video? (a: 273) 251.  Name the artist (a: 273) MTV not only made stars of the performers; it could launch the careers of people that appeared in them 252.  What future star of Friends got her break when seen dancing with Bruce Springsteen in one of his 1984 music videos? (a: 273) 253.  Which video was it? (a: 274)

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254.  What rap group had a 1986 hit (#5) with an Aerosmith song? (a: 275) When this song was released, it resulted in an unprecedented number of phone calls to the girl mentioned in the song. 255.  What was the name of the song (Billboard Hot 100 #4)? (a: 275) 256.  Who was the group? (a: 276) 257.  What was Robert Palmer’s only U.S. #1 hit? (a: 276) 258.  Queen only had two U.S. #1 songs – both in the 80s. What were they? (a: 277) 259.  The Bangles had a hit with “Hazy Shade of Winter” – Who wrote the song? (a: 277) 260.  Who wrote their hit “Manic Monday”? (a: 278) 261.  Name the members of the Go-Gos (a: 278) The Bangles and the Go-Go’s were contemporaries; each being commercially successful all-girl groups. 262.  Which of the two groups sold more albums? (a: 279) 263.  Had more top 30 singles? (a: 279) 264.  Had more #1 singles? (a: 279) This 80’s and beyond personality was discovered while she was a cheerleader/dancer for the L.A. Lakers. She went on to become a successful singer, choreographer and TV hostess.

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265.  Who is she? (a: 279) 266.  Who discovered her as a Lakers girl? (a: 280) Another former cheerleader had her only #1 hit and accompanying video in 1982 wearing her Las Vegas High School cheerleader uniform. 267.  Who is this performer? (a: 281) 268.  What was her only hit single (#1)? (a: 281) 269.  An award winning choreographer she was also co-founder of what ground-breaking street dance group? (a: 281) Eddie Money’s biggest hit was “Take Me Home Tonight” reaching #4 and produced a high-rotation music video. 270.  What 60’s original bad-girl of rock provided the refrain in “Take Me Home Tonight” and appeared in the video? (a: 282) 271.  What did Eddie Money do professionally before becoming a musician? (a: 282) Amazingly enough the 80s were more than Michael Jackson and Madonna. Springsteen, Joel and Petty were still on top. Older artists made a comeback with the likes of Tina Turner. More importantly the 80s introduced the compact disc, the first major technological advancement to music since the introduction of the 7” single in 1948. 272.  First group to release a CD single? (a: 283) 273.  What artist was the first to release their album on a

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CD? (a: 283) 274.  What was the album? (a: 283) 275.  First group to have a CD sell over a million copies? (a: 284)

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WE DIDN’T START THE FIRE


WE DIDN’T START THE FIRE Billy Joel is one of the biggest selling songwriter/singers in history, having compiled over 150 million in sales spanning 18 albums (not including boxed sets and greatest hits compilations) as well as 60 singles. With the exception of two songs that were released in 2007, Joel has not written or recorded anything new since 1993. Of Joel’s 33 Billboard Top 40 hits (only) three were number one. The last song to top the charts was “We Didn’t Start the Fire” 276.  Name the other two songs that hit #1 (give yourself one point for each correct answer; as if anyone were keeping score that is). (a: 288) Regarding “We Didn’t Start the Fire”… Joel has said that he isn’t particularly fond of it and that it was one of the worst melodies he had ever written. Lyrically however it is a rapid-fire recitation that bullet points over one hundred headline-grabbing incidents that occurred in the forty years between Joel’s birth and the song’s release in 1989. Here’s a primer of some of them (or are they?) On the following list choose whether the person, event, place or

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thing appeared in the song. Bonus points if you name the correct decade for each one. (for answers, turn to page 289) 277.  278.  279.  280.  281.  282.  283.  284.  285.  286.  287.  288.  289.  290.  291.  292.  293.  294.  295.  296. 

Ole Miss Marilyn Monroe Luis Aparicio Neil Armstrong Queen of England The Chicago 7 Charlie Manson Hula Hoops Women’s Lib Payola Malcolm X Birth control Watergate Muhammad Ali H-bomb Broadway Joe Budapest Berlin Wall Three Mile Island Dolly the sheep

There are quite a few songs by other artists that mention either “fire” or “burning.” 297.  Can you name at least ten? (a: 292)

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SOUNDTRACK OF THE EIGHTIES


SOUNDTRACK OF THE 80S From the first “Talkies” of motion pictures’ early days music has played an integral part in establishing mood, emotion, location, time, irony and overall tone. The final scene of 1967’s “The Graduate” poignantly portrayed the uncertainties of the young couple Benjamin and Elaine as they literately run away from the safe-choices and life’s path they are expected to make and instead blindly head down the highway of uncertainty. (spoiler alert fifty years in the making) We watch Ben and Elaine as they sit in the back of the bus, staring straight ahead, not speaking, each lost in their own thoughts as Simon and Garfunkel’s classic song “The Sound of Silence” underscores the scene. Although the sound had been released two years early and not written specifically for the movie it provided the perfect ending not just to a movie but to a generation in transition. Perhaps it was the advent of music videos or the consolidation of movie studios and record companies but the Eighties saw a huge tiein of popular singers and movie soundtracks. Some singers seemed to only produce theme songs like Jennifer Warnes whose 1979 “It Goes Like it Goes” from Norma Rae received the Academy Award for Best Original Song and went on to sing for eight other films.

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The following are songs that were, in many cases, tacked on to the end credits of popular movies in a shameless pursuit of soundtrack album sales and perhaps even an Academy Award for Best Original Song. (for answers, turn to page 297) 298.  299.  300.  301.  302.  303.  304.  305.  306.  307.  308.  309.  310.  311.  312.  313.  314.  315.  316.  317.  318.  319.  320.  321. 

“My Way” – the Sex Pistols “Paint it Black – The Rolling Stones “Don’t You Forget About Me” – Simple Minds “The Heat is On” – Pointer Sisters “Hazy Shade of Winter” – The Bangles “Into the Groove” – Madonna “Let’s Hear it For the Boy” – Deniece Williams “I Can Dream About You” – Dan Hartman “Call Me” – Blondie “Fight the Power” – Public Enemy “The Power of Love” – Huey Lewis & the News “Danger Zone” – Kenny Loggins “Crazy For You” – Madonna “If You Leave” – Orchestral Manoeuvres In The Dark “A Kind of Magic” – Queen “Nothing’s Going To Stop Us Now” – Starship “Magic Dance” – David Bowie “We Don’t Need Another Hero” – Tina Turner “Put a Little Love in Your Heart” – Annie Lennox & Al Green “Oh Yeah” – Yello “I’m Alright” – Kenny Loggins “In Your Eyes” – Peter Gabriel “I Melt With You”- Modern English “Hungry Eyes” – Eric Carmen

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I can’t tell you what I had for breakfast, but I can sing every single word of rock and roll. Patty Duke


REAL TO REEL NAMES


REAL TO REEL NAMES Long before the likes of 50 Cent, Flo Rider, Kid Rock and Eminem, singers were changing their birth names for flashier, more media-friendly (or in some cases less ethnic-sounding) names. Jazz and R&B artists added monikers such as Fats or Duke to their real names while others simply reinvented themselves altogether. Below are their names at birth. Who did they become? (for answers, turn to page302) 322.  323.  324.  325.  326.  327.  328.  329.  330.  331.  332.  333.  334. 

Stuart Goddard Francis Avallone Patricia Andrejewski John Bongiovi Ernest Evans Cherilyn Sarkisian David Cortland Virginia Hensley Vincent Furnier Declan McManus John Mellencamp Walden Cassotto John Deutschendorf

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335.  336.  337.  338.  339.  340.  341.  342.  343.  344.  345.  346.  347. 

Otha McDaniel Robert Zimmerman Ellen Cohen Dan Seals George O’Dowd James Hendricks Charles Holley William Broad Robert Smith Thomas Woodword Reginald Dwight K.C. (of the Sunshine Band) Roberta Anderson

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The ‘60s are gone, dope will never be as cheap, sex never as free, and the rock and roll never as great. Abbie Hoffman


THE SIXTIES


T

he U.S. economy was literally firing on all cylinders. Detroit was producing 93% of all cars sold in America and exporting another 43% of the world’s. In 1964 Ford introduced the Mustang, a new breed of sports car the pony car - small and powerful. Chevy brought out the Camaro in ’67 to go head to head with the Mustang. Dodge’s answer was the Charger and two companies that no longer exist but were very much active players in the car wars were Pontiac with their GTO and Plymouth with the Barracuda. These cars were no-nonsense, no frills steel bodies wrapped around a 400 horse power V8 engine. A push button radio and power front disc brakes were offered as options. In November of 1960 John Kennedy was the elected the 35th President of the U.S. He was young and charismatic, as was his wife Jackie. Although not wildly supported by the old-guard politicians of Washington, his vigor and vision resonated with America’s youth. Under his brief tenure Kennedy and his administration backed an unsuccessful coup of Cuba to over through Fidel Castro who had himself over thrown Batista, the former President/Dictator of Cuba, scarcely two years before. The Bay of Pigs (as it was called) fiasco set the stage for the strained U.S.–Cuban relations throughout eight U.S. presidents and 45 years. The Soviet Union supported Castro and Cuba, and because the

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United States had recently deployed nuclear missiles on its border with Turkey, the Soviets begun shipping missiles to Cuba which was well within first-strike distance of mainland America. In October of 1962, in what has come to be known as the “Cuban Missile Crisis,” Kennedy and Khrushchev took the world as close as we had ever been, before or since, to worldwide nuclear war.

MOVIES tickets average $1.00 1960 – Psycho, Spartacus, G.I Blues, Swiss Family Robinson 1961 – West Side Story, Breakfast at Tiffany’s, 1962 – Dr. No, Lawrence of Arabia, The Music Man, To Kill a Mockingbird 1963 – From Russia With Love, The Birds, The Pink Panther 1964 – Mary Poppins, My Fair Lady, A Hard Day’s Night 1965 – The Sound of Music, Doctor Zhivago, Thunderball, Help! 1966 – Alfie, Blow-up, Georgy Girl, The Good, The Bad and the Ugly, Fantastic Voyage 1967 – The Graduate, Bonnie and Clyde, The Dirty Dozen, The Jungle Book 1968 – 2001: A Space Odyssey, Planet of the Apes, Oliver!, The Odd Couple 1969 – Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, Easy Rider, True Grit

TELEVISION The Andy Griffith Show, The Beverly Hillbillies, The Ed Sullivan Show, The Wonderful World of Disney, Mutual of Omaha’s Wild

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Kingdom, Bewitched, Get Smart, The Monkees, The Man From U.N.C.L.E., Gunsmoke, The Twilight Zone, The Beverly Hillbillies, I Dream of Jeannie, Hogan’s Heroes...

COST OF LIVING Gallon of gas – $0.31 House – $13,500 Car – $2,700 Loaf of Bread – $0.20 Postage stamp – $0.06 Candy Bar – $0.05 45” single – $0.69 LP album – $3.00

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THE SIXTIES 348.  Which group from the 60s took its name from a Muddy Water’s hit from the 1940s? (a: 310) This 17-year old girl from Scotland was one of the youngest singers to join the early British Invasion. Her biggest hit was the title song of a movie that starred Sydney Poitier. 349.  Who is the singer? (a: 310) 350.  What was the song? (Hint - it was also the name of the movie.) (a: 311) 351.  What is her real name? (a: 311) This wasn’t her only movie title song. She also sang the title song from a 1974 movie of the same name. 352.  Name the song or movie (either way it’s the same answer) (a: 311) Charles Schlutz, the creator of Peanuts, sued this group for copyright infringement for this novelty song.

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353.  Name the song (a: 312) 354.  Name the group (a: 312) As for groups with a cartoon reference, this duo started their career as “Tom and Jerry” before wisely changing their name. 355.  Who do we know them as? (a: 313) It’s not unusual for bands to rename themselves. Sometimes it’s the record companies or producers that change a group’s name, as was the case for the Beach Boys. Here are the original names of some famous groups or duos from the Sixties. Who did they become? (for answers, turn to page 313) 356.  357.  358.  359.  360.  361.  362.  363.  364.  365.  366.  367.  368.  369.  370. 

Caesar and Clio The Pendletones The Primettes The Golliwogs Barry and the Twins The Detours The Blues Boys Architectural Abdabs Chad Allan and the Reflections Metropolis Blues Quartet Wicked Lester The New Yardbirds The Iveys Jimmy James & The Blue Flames The Hawks

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In the 60s & early 70s cereal companies would manufacture records into the back of their cereal boxes; aptly named “cereal box singles.” You would carefully (or not) cut out the record, punch a hole in the middle and then place it on a magic box and it would play music. (I’m not making this up.) 371.  Name at least five groups or singers that were featured on these records (Some were more animated than others.) (a: 315) Both the Beatles and the Monkees issued trading cards, or bubble gum cards as they were also known because each 5¢ pack included a pink, talcy, rock hard and virtually inedible stick of gum inside. 372.  What card company produced the Beatles’ cards? (a: 315) 373.  What company issued the cards of the Monkees? (a: 316)

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Half of the modern world goes back as far as Pearl Jam. The real historians go back to U2. But they need to go back further. They have to go back to the ‘50s and ‘60s, where things started. That’s how you get to be your own personality, by studying the masters. Rock and roll was white kids trying to make black music and failing, gloriously! Steven Van Zandt


HItsVILLE U.S.A.


HITSVILLE U.S.A. Motown was founded Jan. 12, 1959 as Tamla Records by Barry Gordy in Detroit, Michigan. Although it, and its subsidiary labels (Tamla, Gordy, V.I.P. and Soul) never outsold the Big Four labels of Columbia, RCA, Capital and Atlantic. It was arguably the most important label of popular music, bringing, as it did, the R&B, soul sounds to a mainstream, white audience. 374.  What was the name of the first act signed to Motown? (a: 320) 375.  What was Motown’s first hit on Billboards Hot 100? (a: 321) 376.  Who had the hit with it? (a: 321) 377.  What was Motown’s first #1 hit? (a: 321) 378.  Who released the song? (a: 322) In 1975 another group notched a #1 hit with the same song. 379.  What was the name of this group? (a: 322) 380.  What was Motown’s first million selling single? (a: 322)

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Most of the music for these hits was recorded by a tight knit group of studio musicians and then the singers would add their voices to the mix. 381.  What name did these studio musicians record under? (a: 323) Here’s a list of some amazing female singers that were on the Motown label. 382.  Pick out the singers that were, at some point, a member of the Supremes over their 18-year run. (a: 323) Diana Ross Florence Ballard Jean Terrell Lynda Laurence Barbara Martin Susaye Greene Cindy Birdsong Mary Wilson Betty McGlown Scherrie Payne Brenda Holloway Mabel Johns Barbara Randolph Valerie Simpson Kim Weston Barbara McNair 383.  From the above list, who were the four original members? (a: 324)

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384.  Who was the only member to remain with the group from day one? (a: 324) 385.  What was the group’s original name? (a: 324) Chubby Checker usually gets thrown into the Fabulous Fifties at class reunions, weddings or when they have a 50s theme night on cruise ships, however all of his hits were in the 60s. 386.  What was his biggest hit? (a: 325) 387.  What dance craze did it inspire? (a: 325) 388.  What was so unique about this single? (a: 325) Another icon of the 50s was Little Richard. He had a career resurgence in 1962 when he toured Europe as an opening act for Sam Cooke. As a result of the audience’s wild reaction to Richard’s performance he returned to headline his own European tour. 389.  Who opened for him during his first headlining European tour? (a: 326) During this tour a young keyboardist accompanied Little Richard which resulted in a fortuitous meeting with the above mentioned opening act. Year later their career paths would cross again. 390.  Who was this keyboardist? (a: 326) 391.  What group led the charge of the British Invasion and was the first to tour in America? (a: 326) 392.  Who was the first British solo act to have a #1 song in the U.S.? (a: 327) 393.  What was the song? (a: 327) 394.  Who was the first British group to have a #1 song in the

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U.S.? (a: 327) 395.  What was their song? (a: 327) As the Sixties were coming to an end one of the most defining moments in music came together in a field of a dairy farmer on August 15, 1969, less than a month after Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. The Woodstock Music & Arts Festival ran over three days and nights in Bethel, N.Y. (about 43 miles from Woodstock). 396.  Who was the first act to sign a contract agree to perform? (a: 328) 397.  Who was the first act to perform? (a: 328) 398.  Who was the last act? (a: 329) 399.  What color was the “bad” acid concert goers were warned to avoid taking? (a: 329) 400.  Which of the following acts did NOT perform at Woodstock… (a: 329) Peter, Paul & Mary Bob Dylan Joni Mitchell The Band Iron Butterfly Jefferson Airplane Janis Joplin Joan Baez Stillwater Captain Beefheart Jethro Tull Santana Mary’s Danish

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MADNESS!! AUDITIONS Folk & Roll Musicians-Singers for acting roles in new TV series. Running parts for 4 insane boys, age 17-21. Want spirited Ben Frank’s-types.* Have courage to work. Must come down for interview. Ad run in Variety for the casting call of The Monkees


HEY, HEY, WE’RE THE MONKEES


HEY, HEY WE’RE THE MONKEES *Ben Frank’s refers to a 24 hour coffee shop formerly located at 8585 Sunset Boulevard in West Hollywood, now the site of Mel’s Diner. Opened in 1952 this family-style diner had become the popular hangout for hippies and the late night party crowd that frequented the hotspots along the Sunset Strip. The Monkees were brought together for a TV series to capitalize on the popularity of the Beatles and the movie, A Hard Day’s Night. Because of this obvious comparison critics referred to them as the Pre-Fab Four. Micky Dolenz starred in a TV series before becoming a Monkee. 401.  Name the series (a: 334) 402.  What was his character’s name? (a: 335) Micky was the producer’s first choice to play one of televisions most iconic characters in a 1970s sitcom. 403.  What was the sitcom (which debuted in 1974)? (a: 335)

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404.  What character was he initially chosen to play? (a: 335) Davy Jones was a stage actor on Broadway. 405.  What musical was he in? (a: 336) 406.  What was his character’s name? (a: 336) Mike Nesmith’s mother invented something very famous. 407.  What product did she invent? (a: 336) 408.  What defining cultural institute of the 80’s did Mike help establish? (a: 337) Mike was also a published songwriter before joining the group and had a song recorded by a future 70’s musical icon. 409.  Who was the singer? (a: 337) 410.  What was the song? (a: 337) Peter Tork’s background did not involve acting. 411.  What did Peter do prior? (a: 338) 412.  Who recommended Peter for the audition? (a: 338) Many young and struggling performers auditioned for the show. Some ended up making a name for themselves nonetheless. Of the following people, choose whether of not they auditioned. 413.  Graham Nash (a: 338) 414.  John Sebastian (a: 338)

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415.  Charles Manson (a: 338) 416.  Harry Nilsson (a: 338) 417.  All of the above (a: 339) As the Monkees were gaining international stardom there was another young singer growing up in England with dreams of becoming a rock star. He fulfilled that dream, however he had the same name as one of the members of the Monkees, so he changed his name to something else and we have known him by that stage name his entire career. 418.  Who is this rock star? (a: 339) 419.  What inspired his name choice? (a: 340) Eager to flex their creative muscle and call their own shots in regards to their image and music the Monkees put out what was perhaps one of the most confusing, psychedelic-trip movies of this or any era. 420.  What was the name of the movie? (a: 340) 421.  What future Academy Award winning actor co-wrote and produced this train wreck? (a: 340) Aside from the obvious answer that they were both TV shows, the Monkees and the Archies share a common bond. 422.  What or who connects the two groups? (a: 341) With the success of the television show many companies were eager to get a piece of the pie. 423.  What musical company provided the guitars and drums for the group as part of an advertising tie-in? (a: 342)

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Aside from singing to tracks laid down by un-credited studio musicians, none of the Monkees were allowed to play their own instruments for their first two albums. (Peter did contribute guitar on “Papa Gene’s Blues” for their first album The Monkees.) To prove to the producers that they had the ability to play their own instruments, the four band members insisted that they go on tour where they would have to play live. 424.  Which musician and eventual Rock and Roll Hall of Famer played seven shows with the group as their opening act during their 1967 tour? (a: 342) 425.  What was the unofficial name given to the Los Angeles-based group of musicians that provided the instrumentals for the Monkees’ albums? (as well as many others) (a: 343) 426.  What was the Monkees’ first single? (a: 343) 427.  What was their first #1 single? (a: 344) The follow up single to their first #1 single also topped the Billboard Top 40. 428.  429. 

What was the song? (a: 344) Who wrote the song? (a: 344)

The Monkees have the distinction of being the only group to have four #1 albums in the same year. That’s worth saying again… The Monkees had four albums at #1 during the same year. 430.  Name the albums (a: 344)

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Carol: [John turns off the radio] “Why did you do that?” John Milner: “I don’t like that surfin’ shit. Rock and roll’s been going down hill ever since Buddy Holly died.” Carol: “Don’t you think the Beach Boys are boss?” John Milner: “You would, you grungy little twirp.” Carol: “Grungy? You big weenie! If I had a boyfriend, he’d pound you.” John Milner: “Yeah, sure.” George Luca and Gloria Katz, American Graffiti (1973)


SURFIN’ SAFARI


SURFIN’ SAFARI In the Sixties “surf music” anchored (pun intended) the two coasts with a popular style of music that transcended the niche audience it was intended to play to. The Beach Boys personified the genre but they were by no means the only game in town. Instrumentally it was defined by a bright, trebly, lead guitar and a pounding back beat. Match the song with the correct singer or group. (Note: some groups will be used more than once) (for answers, turn to page 348) 431.  432.  433.  434.  435.  436.  437.  438.  439.  440. 

Little Honda Pipeline Out of Limits Little GTO Hey Little Cobra Wipeout Apache Sleepwalk Telstar Surfin’ Bird

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441.  442.  443.  444.  445.  446.  447.  448.  449. 

Walk, Don’t Run Hawaii 5-0 Surf City Surfin’ Safari Misirlou Surfer Dan Let’s Go Trippin’ Mr. Moto Rebel Rouser

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MEET THE BEATLES


MEET THE BEATLES Early in their partnership John Lennon and Paul McCartney decided to share songwriting credit as they, in their own words, “Wrote nose to nose and eyeball to eyeball.” 450.  First Lennon/McCartney song to go #1 in the UK?352) 451.  First Lennon/McCartney song to go #1 in the US?352) School dances and church fund-raisers not withstanding… 452.  What was the first club in Liverpool in which the Beatles were paid to perform?353) 453.  Who was the Beatles’ first manger? (a: 353) As the Quarrymen, Johnny and the Moondogs, the Silver Beatles the band went through several inevitable line up changes. 454.  Name two members of the group that left (or were asked to leave) before they became the Fab Four (a: 354)

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The Quarrymen…Johnny and the Moondogs…Long John and the Beetles… 455.  What was the inspiration for the name “Beatles”? (a: 354) 456.  Who suggested that they call themselves “Beatles”? (a: 355) The Beatles wrote songs for other groups that they themselves never recorded 457.  Name at least three such songs (a: 355) The group starred in two feature length movies but had nothing to do with Yellow Submarine 458.  What was the original title of the movie Help? (a: 355) The working title for the album that would become Abbey Road was Everest. There was even talk of shooting the album cover on location. In the end the album was named after the street on which EMI/Apple Corp. was located. The photo shoot was completed in thirty minutes. 459.  Name the order in which the Beatles crossed Abbey Road (a: 356) As a hint they crossed the road from the left to the right as you look at the album cover. So in this case who was leading the procession?

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Inspiration for songs came in many forms, including the morning paper. In this case, a story of the alarming number of potholes plaguing the town of Blackburn. 460.  In the song, “A Day in the Life,” how many holes were there in Blackburn, Lancashire? (a: 356) The Beatles stopped touring in 1966 in order to pour their energies into their albums. This was a time of cutting-edge, innovative recordings from a variety of bands and producers. One other band in particular upped the ante of what was possible in the recording studio. 461.  Which album did Paul McCartney credit as inspiring Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band? (a: 357) Designed by Peter Blake and his wife Jann Haworth, and photographed by Michael Cooper, the cover of Sgt. Pepper’s was an homage to ionic personalities from movies, radio, stage, politics, music and sport. 462.  Which comedy team appeared in the artwork on the Sgt. Peppers’ cover? (a: 357) 463.  Which boxer appeared on the cover? (a: 358) 464.  Which historical figures didn’t make the final cut? (a: 358) 465.  Which was the last Beatles album recorded? (a: 358) 466.  Which Beatle released the first solo album while the group was still together? (a: 359)

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467.  Who was the first U.S. artist to be signed to the Apple Record label? (a: 360) 468.  What was the working title for the Let it Be album recording session? (a: 360) 469. 

What was the first Lennon/McCartney song to mention a girl by name? (a: 360)

470.  What group was Ringo a member of prior to the Beatles? (a: 361) 471.  What theatre did John Lennon ask the posh guests to “rattle your jewelry”? (a: 361) 472.  What future rock star appeared as an extra in A Hard Day’s Night? (a: 361) 473.  What answer did George give when asked “Are you a Mod or a Rocker”? (a: 361) 474.  What answer did John give when asked “How did you find America?” (a: 362) 475.  What style of music did the group first embrace? (a: 362) 476.  What was the first song to hit #1 for a former Beatle? (a: 362) 477.  On which two songs did no Beatle play an instrument? (a: 363) It wasn’t common practice to credit anyone other than the songwriters and original band members although many musicians contributed on Beatles’ songs, particularly as their compositions

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became more complex and were augmented by strings, horns and exotic instruments. 478.  Only non-Beatle musician to be credited on a Beatles’ album? (a: 363) 479.  What was the only George Harrison song featured on the A-side of a Beatles’ single? (a: 363) 480.  Where was the last paid concert appearance by the group? (a: 364) 481.  What was the last Beatles song to chart #1 (original release)? (a: 364) 482.  What was the last song studio that the Beatles all recorded together? (a: 364) 483.  What was the last live song the Beatle’s performed together? (a: 365)

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If you don’t know the blues... there’s no point in picking up the guitar and playing rock and roll or any other form of popular music. Keith Richards


I GOT THE BLUES


I GOT THE BLUES The Sixties featured a good amount of cross-pollination between bands. Super Groups were formed and disbanded, seemingly at the drop of a hat. The shelf life for some bands was one album. Creative differences, drugs, alcohol and/or women were some of the reasons musicians might jump bands. In England in particular, a cornucopia of musical styles were vying for attention. Among these were Blues; a genre that was all but abandoned in the United States save for hard core and largely ignored authentic bluesmen like B.B. King, Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf and Buddy Guy. In the U.K. a new life was breathed into Blues with the likes of the Rolling Stones, John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, Fleetwood Mac and Cream. All would feature line up changes, often with members of one group splintering off and forming a new group. Eric Clapton left The Yardbirds after 18 months to join John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers. 484.  Who did Clapton recommend take his place when he

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left? (a: 369) 485.  That guitarist turned down the gig and in turn recommended another musician who accepted the job. Who was this guitar player? (a: 369) Clapton’s involvement with the Bluesbreakers lasted a little more than a year when he left to form Cream. 486.  Who replaced Clapton in the Bluesbreakers when he left? (a: 369) This replacement guitarist eventually left to form his own group. 487.  What group did this musician form when he left the Bluesbreakers? (a: 369) Another vacancy, another replacement. This time a 17-year old was hired to fill the void. Three years later he left to replace Brian Jones in the Rolling Stones. 488.  What’s the name of this guitarist? (a: 370) Clapton stayed with Cream for over two years before they split. 489.  Along with Eric Clapton, name the two other members of Cream (a: 370)

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Rock and roll music—the music of freedom frightens people and unleashes all manner of conservative defense mechanisms. Salman Rushdie


BILL HALEY... AND HIS COMETS


BILL HALEY… AND HIS COMETS Backup groups have long been a staple of the music industry. So much so that they were even immortalized in Elton John/Bernie Taupin’s song about a fictitious singer Benny and his backup group the Jets. Identify the lead singer with his or her backing group. …and for the record (quite literally) in regards to the title of this category the answer would be Bill Hailey and His Comets; not the Comets, as we have all been miss-speaking our whole lives. (for answers, turn to page 374) 490.  491.  492.  493.  494.  495.  496.  497.  498.  499. 

… and the Blowfish … and the Vandellas … and the E Street Band … and the Mysterians … and the Attractions … and the Crickets … and the Machine … and the Sunshine Band … and the Raiders … and the Waves

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500.  501.  502.  503.  504.  505.  506.  507.  508.  509.  510.  511.  512.  513.  514.  515. 

… and the Plastic Ono Band … and the Coral Reefer Band … and the Miracles … and the Pips … and the Stone Ponyes … and the Four Seasons … and the Americans … and the Pharaohs … and the Headhunters … and the Wailers … and the Detroit Wheels … and the M.G.s … and the Holding Company … and the New Bohemians … and the Dreamers … and the Brown Dirt Cowboys

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I’d rather be dead than singing ‘Satisfaction’ when I’m forty-five. Mick Jagger


when i’m sixty-four


WHEN I’M SIXTY-FOUR Name the age of the person referred to in the song. (for answers, turn to page 378) 516.  I Love Rock n Roll – Joan Jett: The boy she sees standing at the record machine 517.  Dancing Queen – ABBA: The dancing queen herself 518.  I Saw Her Standing There – The Beatles: The girl that was way beyond compare 519.  ? Candles – The Platters: How many candles were on the title song’s cake? 520.  Mannish Boy – Muddy Waters: The boy when his mother told him he’d be the greatest man alive 521.  Graceland – Paul Simon: His traveling companion; the child of his first marriage 522.  Old – Paul Simon: The first time he heard Peggy Sue. 523.  Old Man – Neil Young: The narrator that is talking to the old man. 524.  Jack and Diane – John Cougar Mellencamp: How old is Diane? 525.  Paradise by the Dashboard Light – Meatloaf: the age of

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526.  527.  528.  529.  530.  531. 

the couple in the car All the Young Dudes – Mott the Hoople: Billy rapping about his suicide A Pirate Looks at ? – Jimmy Buffett: The man reflecting back on his life He Went To Paris – Jimmy Buffett: The man that went to Paris Ironic – Alanis Morissette: The age of the man that won the lottery Rock and Roll Never Forgets – Bob Seger: The kid now grown-up. My Hometown – Bruce Springsteen: the kid running with a dime in his hand

Bonus Song – Frank Sinatra’s iconic coming of age song “It Was a Very Good Year” 1965. At what age was the narrator in the song when… 532.  …city girls who lived upstairs with perfumed hair (a: 380) 533.  …small town girls and soft summer nights (a: 380) 534.  …blue-blooded girls of independent means (a: 380)

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SECTION 2


MORTAL LEVEL


Lt. Hookstratten: ‘May I start by saying how thrilled we are to have you here. We are such fans of your music and all of your records. I’m not speaking of yours personally, but the whole genre of the rock and roll.’ Rob Reiner, Christopher Guest, Michael McKean, and Harry Shearer, This is Spinal Tap (1984)


The Seventies


T

he Seventies seem destined to be eternally defined as the decade of Disco and polyester leisure suits. This does a real disservice to both the decade and the genre. The truth is, Disco came late to the party and was just a cog in the wheel of musical styles that made up the entirety of the decade. The first wave of the British Invasion had ebbed. The singer/songwriter was taking the stage. FM radio was playing longer album cuts. Crossover artists were finding an audience on the airwaves. Music was becoming more portable with 8-tracks and cassettes. At home America was winding down its socially divisive involvement in the Vietnam War. President Nixon resigned in disgrace in the wake of the Watergate (the original “gate” scandal) break in. On the world stage the anger toward governments, big business and anything that represented the “establishment” was literally under attack as the term “Terrorists” entered the vocabulary with groups like the IRA, Black September, SLA, PLO, Weather Underground engaged in high profile kidnappings, hijackings and bombings. The environmental movement that took its baby-steps in the 60s found its voice with the establishment of the first Earth Day in 1970 as the result of wide spread industrial pollution.

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Domestically everyone had a special interest; Black Power was a more radicalized extension of the Civil Rights movement. Women’s Lib, which gained momentum a decade earlier with the introduction of The Pill, became a tidal wave in the Equal Rights fight. School bussing and desegregation that had divided the South in the 60s were now spilling over into upper middle-class neighborhoods in the North. The country was in its worst economic slump since the Great Depression. Gas stations ran out of gas as the result of the OPEC nations curtailing supplies to the US. Wages were low, unemployment was high and for the first time since the end of WWII there was a pervasive feeling that America had lost its luster. To escape the distractions, or perhaps to highlight them, the entertainment industry found itself in a state of flux. TV shows like “All in the Family” brought the fears and foibles of the white working class to the forefront while “Happy Days” ignored the problems all together and transported us back to the Halcyon days of the Fabulous Fifties when American was enjoying it’s strongest economic period and the nuclear family still ruled the roost.

MOVIES *tickets average $2.00. 1970 – Patton, Airport, M*A*S*H, 1971 – Billy Jack, Diamonds are Forever, Shaft, The French Connection 1972 – The Godfather, Cabaret, Fritz the Cat, Lady Sings the Blues

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1973 – The Sting, American Graffiti, Papillon, The Exorcist, 1974 – Blazing Saddles, Young Frankenstein, Death Wish, Godfather: Part II 1975 – One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, Jaws, Rocky Horror Picture Show 1976 – Rocky, Taxi Driver, Network, All the President’s Men 1977 – Star Wars, Saturday Night Fever, Annie Hall 1978 – Animal House, Halloween, Midnight Express 1979 – The Rose, The Amityville Horror, Kramer vs. Kramer

TV All in the Family, Happy Days, Mary Tyler Moore, The Waltons, Dallas, Welcome Back Kotter, Roots, Good Times, The Partridge Family, the birth of Monday Night Football and Saturday Night Live, Charlie’s Angels, Sanford & Son, Good Times…

COST OF LIVING Gallon of gas – $0.57 House – $28,000 Car – $3,800.00 Bread – $0.28 Postage stamp – $0.10 If you just asked yourself, “what’s a postage stamp?” then you really, really need this book

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I’m in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on the One-Hit Wonder Wall. I’m still very troubled by the fact that I’m in the hall and my dad isn’t. Debby Boone

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THE SEVENTIES This group won the Grammy Award for Best New Artist in 1976 and then were never heard from again. Their only hit talked about sneaking off during the middle of the day to have sex. 1.  Name the song Sub Rosa Subway Love Grows Afternoon Delight I’ll Be Good To You 2.  Name the group Klaatu Edison Lighthouse Starland Vocal Band The Brothers Johnson If you hated this song, blame John Denver. The Starland Vocal Band started as the husband and wife duo of Bill and Taffy Danoff who performed under the name Fat City. They co-wrote one of John Denver’s biggest hits, 1971’s “Take Me Home Country Road” and be-

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came a part of his house band. After adding two more members to the original duo Denver signed them to his Windsong Records label where they released their first album under the name Starland Vocal Band which included “Afternoon Delight.” After the success of that single they had a mercifully short-lived summer replacement show on CBS whose only claim to fame was David Letterman, who was a writer and cast member in his early days as an L.A.based comic. For the record, the Song of the Year for 1976 (awarded at the ’77 Grammy’s) was “I Write The Songs.” After releasing four commercially unsuccessful albums that failed to chart this artist released a live (double) album in 1976 that skyrocketed to the number one spot and became the best selling live album of all time, holding that place for ten years. 3.  Name the artist Gary Wright Peter Frampton Jimmy Buffet Eric Carmen 4.  Name the album The Dream Weaver Frampton Comes Alive Margaritaville Boats Against the Current

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5.  Name the current best selling live album of all time Garth Brooks Double Live Neil Diamond – Hot August Night Unplugged (Eric Clapton) Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band 75-85 “Frampton Comes Alive” was intended to be a single album but as the recording process went on it was decided that there was enough material to issue it as a double album. Three singles resulted from the release and though none achieved #1, they all were hits: “Baby I Love Your Way” - #12; “Do You Feel Like I Do?” - #10 and “Show Me the Way” - #6, with the latter two songs know for their distinctive use of Frampton’s Talk-Box effect. It probably didn’t hurt that the listed price for this double album was only a dollar more than a regular single album. Sixteen years later Eric Clapton’s “Unplugged” unseated Frampton as the best selling live album with his intimate studio performance for MTV. This single album offering sold over 10 million copies. In 1986 the Boss released “Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band Live 75-85” a 5 record or 3 cassette boxed set which notched 13 million sales. It is important to know that the RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America) counts each record or disc in a multi-record release as a separate unit; thus actual sales of this boxed set are down around 4 million. It was also the first album to debut at #1 since Stevie Wonder’s “Songs

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in the Key of Life,” which had achieved the same distinction ten years earlier. Neil Diamond’s “Hot August Night” was another double-live album released in 1972 which chronicled Diamond’s ten-night sold out performances at the outdoor Greek Theater. This was also the first album released on the newly formed MCA Records. “All Right Now” was the only #1 hit for this band (and a great air guitar standard). 6.  Name the group Blue Oyster Cult Brownsville Station Badfinger Free 7.  Name the lead singer Paul Rodgers Gary Wright Peter Frampton Randy Bachman Free was a relatively short-lived group from England (1968-73) that began as a blues-rock band in the tradition of other British bands like Fleetwood Mac, The Animals, The Rolling Stones and John Mayall and the Blues Breakers, and began the transition to a more hard driving rock sound.

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This group broke up and the lead singer formed a hugely successful group. 8.  Name the group Bad Company Grand Funk Railroad Bachman-Turner Overdrive Deep Purple After the demise of Free, Paul Rogers teamed up with Mick Ralphs, the guitarist for Mott the Hoople, and then added King Crimson’s bass player Boz Burrell and Simon Kirke on drums. They enjoyed huge commercial success in the mid-seventies and officially toured and recorded until their breakup in 1982. After Bad Company broke up Paul Rogers tried a solo career and two other groups. 9.  Name group #1 10.  Name group #2 The Law The Firm The Score The End The Firm evolved from a friendship between Rogers and Led Zeppelin guitarist Jimmy Page. Their collaboration resulted in two luke-warmly received albums. The Law, with Kenny Jones, of The Who and Faces, put

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out one album and called it quits. From 2006 – 2009 this singer assumed the front man duties for one of the biggest Super Groups on the 70’s. 11.  Name this group Queen Journey Styx Toto In the early 80’s there had been some speculation that Rogers would join the surviving members of Lynyrd Skynyrd to carry on that band’s heritage after three original members died in a plane crash in 1977. Instead he released a solo album. In 2004 he joined forces with Queen and recorded and toured with them as Queen + Paul Rogers so as not to give the impression that Rogers was replacing Freddie Mercury, who had died from complications related to AIDS in 1991. When originally released as a single in 1971, “Layla” only went to #51 on Billboard’s Top 100. 12.  Name of the album it was from Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs Eric Clapton Home Blind Faith 13.  Who released the song?

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Eric Clapton Derek & the Dominos Blind Faith Delaney & Bonnie & Friends The album itself only went to #16 in the U.S. and didn’t chart at all in the U.K. For one thing the album cover had no title text on it. No album name, no band name and no mention of Eric Clapton. Instead it had a print of painter Emile Théodore Frandsen de Schomberg’s, titled “La Fille au Bouquet” because Clapton thought the girl in the painting resembled Patty Boyd. After the pressure and fame of his previous groups Cream, Blind Faith and Delaney & Bonnie and Friends, Clapton was looking for a more anonymous venue with which to release his music; thus the band Derek and the Dominoes was born. They produced only one album, the aforementioned “Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs” double album. The only mention of Eric Clapton was on the back cover as songwriter and in the listing of the band members that included Duane Allman on 11 of the 14 songs. 14.  Who was the song written about? Jane Asher Patty Boyd Mia Farrow’s sister Prudence Jennifer Juniper

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Patty Boyd was already an established fashion model when she met George Harrison on the set of “A Hard Day’s Night” where she was cast as a schoolgirl and had one line. She and George began dating and married in January of 1965. By 1973 she separated from him and the former couple were divorced in 1977. In the late 60s as the Beatles were on the verge of breaking up and with little involvement in their creative process, George and Eric Clapton starting hanging out, playing and writing together. It was during this time that Clapton fell in love with his best friend’s wife. As a way to mask his feelings he wrote several songs about Patty: “Layla” and “Bell Bottom Blues.” Both songs appeared on the album “Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs.” 15.  What was the inspiration for the song’s title? Name of the guitar The singer’s dog A Persian poem A position from the Kama Sutra When Eric Clapton was falling in love with his best friend’s wife, one would assume that there was some guilt and some angst mixed into the feelings. To help him through this emotional juggernaut a friend gave him a book dealing with unrequited love from a 12th century Persian author named Nazami titled, “Layla and Majnum.” The book was inspired by long established poems from as early as the 9th century A.D. and has recently been rediscovered. It’s readily available as an e-book and well worth the read.

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“I’d Like to Buy the World a Coke” is one of the most successful commercial jingles of all time. It was re-written and released as a “real” song and recorded by two different groups. 16.  Name the two groups The New Christie Minstrels The New Seekers The Hillside Singers The Mike Curb Congregation The Anita Kerr Quartet 17.  What was the re-titled name of the song? The Real Thing I’d Like to Teach the World to Sing Peace, Love and Understanding Abraham, Martin and John After the popularity of the Coca-Cola ad, the need to produce a full length song was obvious. It was originally offered to the New Seekers who had started their journey as one of Australia’s few musical exports; the Seekers. They had several hits that charted world-wide including “Georgy Girl” from the movie of the same name. After breaking up in the late 60s the group reformed in London as the New Seekers but because of scheduling conflicts they were unable to record the reworked “I’d Like to Teach the World to Sing.” Wanting to strike while the iron was hot, studio musicians were hired to record the song, The musicians were labeled as the Hillside Singers.

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A few months later the New Seekers finally recorded their version of the song, which went to #7 on the U.S. charts. This commercial was so ingrained into the social and consumer consciousness that it was featured in the final episode of the popular TV show “Mad Men.” Not the first or only song to begin its life as a commercial and then become a certified hit. In 1970 a one minute TV spot for Crocker National Bank in So. Cal was reworked and became the signature song for one of the top-selling duos of the decade. 18.  Name the duo Carpenters Sonny and Cher Paul & Paula Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell Richard and Karen Carpenter were a brother/sister act from Downey, California, a distant suburb of Los Angeles. Their first hit was “Close to You” from their second album of the same name. Richard Carpenter re-worked the Burt Bacharach/Hal David song and it shot to #1. The name of their duo is “Carpenters” without the definite article: like “Bread” or “Wilco” or “Jefferson Airplane,” although it is always, incorrectly, written as The Carpenters.

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19.  Name the song Starting Over We’ve Only Just Begun I Got You Babe River Deep, Mountain High Appropriately enough, the TV commercial for Crocker National Bank featured a young couple getting married and going off to start their life together. 20.  What instrument did the female member of the group play? Drums Guitar Keyboard She only sang Richard was the musical genius of the duo. As a piano player he arranged and composed many of their hits as well as produced their signature sound consisting of multiple over dubs of both their voices. Karen was the drummer on their first album, “Offering” (later re-released as “Ticket to Ride.” As they continued to hone their sound Richard insisted that Karen needed to be the face of the group and not hide behind the drum kit. For their second and subsequent albums, studio drummer Hal Blaine recorded all the drum parts. 21.  Who wrote the song? Carole King Neil Sedaka

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Barry Manilow Paul Williams Richard Carpenter recognized the song as being the work of singer/songwriter Paul Williams (music by Roger Nichols) who penned many popular songs for other artists as well as himself. Williams told Richard Carpenter that “We’ve Only Just Begun” was a complete song, which it wasn’t, so on his way to meet Richard he added another lyric and the bridge. 22.  What label did this duo and songwriter record for? A&M Motown Capitol RCA Herb Alpert, musician and the “A” in A&M Records ( Jerry Moss being the “M”) heard a demo tape from Carpenters and signed them to a contract with the prophetic wish that he hoped they would have some hits. This song spoke of an interracial relationship between a white man and a black woman, and as incredible as it seems now this was a controversial song when it was released in 1972. 23.  Name of the song Brother Louie Louie, Louie Black & White Hot Chocolate

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“Louie, Louie” was a hit for the group the Kingsmen in 1963. It too was controversial because no one could understand the lyrics. Because of this there was speculation that the words were obscene. The song was investigated by the F.B.I. to determine if there was some underlying and undermining message. Of course none was found. Your tax dollars at work. Two groups had a hit with it. One in the UK and one in the US 24.  Name the group from the U.K. Hollies Edison Lighthouse New Yardbirds Hot Chocolate Hot Chocolate was a racially mixed group from England. Errol Brown was a Jamaican immigrant to England. They didn’t find much success in America with the exception of “You Sexy Thing” which made it to #3 in 1975 and “Every 1’s a Winner” - #6 in ’78. 25.  Name the group from the U.S. The Stories Left Banke The Association The Grass Roots The Stories were formed when Michael Brown, one of the principle members of “The Left Banke” (“Walk Away Renee”) and Ian Lloyd were introduced to each

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other by their musician fathers. Their version of “Louie, Louie” was released as a single in the U.S. several months after Hot Chocolate’s where in made it to #1 making the Stories a certified One-Hit Wonder. The Kinks scored a #9 U.S. hit with Lola which told of a young man inexperienced in the ways of the world. 26.  What did the Champagne taste like? Cherry Cola Dish Water Liquid gold A lover’s kiss In the original release the champagne tasted like “Coca-cola” so that it rhymed with Lola but this provided legal challenges so it was subsequently re-recorded as “cherry cola.” 27.  What was so special about Lola? She was a man She was twins She was a dream She was his sister Ray Davies of the Kinks never revealed what Lola’s sex was. We are left to wonder if Lola was a transvestite or trans-gendered, although considering the song came out in 1970 it seems more likely that that “she was a he.”

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This song was originally banned from airplay in the U.K. 28.  Why? It spoke of gender orientation The censors couldn’t understand the lyrics It originally mentioned a product by name It ran too long for U.K. airplay format The BBC had a policy against product placement. Since Coca-cola is a trademarked brand name they couldn’t the song couldn’t be aired until Davies re-recorded the lyrics to say cherry cola. Long before it became common practice to sample tunes, riffs and beats, George Harrison was judged guilty of plagiarism when writing “My Sweet Lord.” 29.  Name the song he plagiarized (in the eyes of the court) He’s So Fine Be My Baby Oh Happy Day Baby It’s You 30.  Name the group that sang the original song The Shirelles The Chiffons The Marvelettes The Ronettes He’s So Fine was written by Ronnie Mack and was the only #1 hit for the Chiffons, a girl-group quartet

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in 1963. When Harrison released “My Sweet Lord” in 1970 he was sued by Bright Tunes publishing claiming it was a rip off of He’s So Fine melodically. Harrison, for his part, said that he was using the tune from “Oh Happy Day,” a Christian hymn that was in public domain. The litigation surrounding the allegations of plagiarism dragged on until 1981 when, somewhat ironically, Harrison purchased Bright Tunes and essentially paid himself royalties the rest of his life. Paradoxically no one seemed to say anything about the similarities between “He’s So Fine” and the Goffin/ King song “One Fine Day” which the Chiffons recorded as a follow up to “He’s So Fine.” In 1976 Harrison released the album Thirty Three & 1/3, a reference to both the speed an LP and Harrison’s age at the time. Three singles were released from that album including a parody song that made fun of his lawsuit. 31.  Name the song. Cracker Box Palace It’s What you Value This Song Not Guilty 32.  Which comedic actor provided background vocals? Peter Sellers John Cleese Spike Mulligan Eric Idle

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Throughout his time as a Beatle, Harrison was always known as the “Quiet One,” leaving the barbs and zingers to the likes of John Lennon. This parody of Harrison’s legal woes was a very biting satire of the ridiculousness of the suit and included some insightful lyrics such as, “This song ain’t black or white and as far as I know don’t infringe on anyone’s copyright…” and “This tune has nothing Bright about it…” an obvious shot at Bright Tunes publishing which brought the lawsuit. George and Monty Python member Eric Idle had been friends for many years. Harrison’s film company Handmade Films produced The Life of Brian and Time Bandits which starred Idle, as well as Python alumnus John Cleese. Although they had nothing to do with “This Song,” Spike Mulligan and Peter Sellers got their start as two members of the BBC radio program the Goon Show which ran throughout the 1950s and was a source of much comedic fodder for John Lennon and the Beatles. This singer and front man had a breakthrough when he graced the covers of both Newsweek and Time magazine the same week: Oct. 27, 1975 33.  Who is the singer? Bruce Springsteen Peter Frampton Michael Jackson Elton John

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Bruce Springsteen made the covers of America’s top two new magazines the same week as the result of the release and success of the album “Born to Run.” Time went out of their way to laud Springsteen’s animal magnetism and primal energy while Newsweek pointed out the hype-machine of Columbia Records that was the driving force in his success. On the opposite end of the musical spectrum from the songs of the above-mentioned singer, this one-hit wonder capitalized on a popular fad of the mid-seventies and charted #1 on both Billboard’s Hot Country Singles and Hot 100. 34.  What was the song? Convoy The Streak My Pet Rock Just Left Me Disco Duck 35.  Who was the singer? Ray Stevens Rick Dees C.W. McCall Davis Geddes 36.  What fad did the song further popularize? Pet Rock Streaking CB radio Disco dancing

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Long before mobile phones, which quite literally were phones hard-wired into cars due to the limitations of batteries, there were CB (Citizen’s Band) radios; essentially a long range walkie-talkie that was utilized by truckers as a way to communicate with each other during boring long-haul drives. As the result of oil shortages and high fuel prices in the 1970’s the posted speed limit on the nations highways was 55 m.p.h. To circumvent the law, truckers would form convoys to up their chances of speeding without getting pulled over. The CBs would provide advanced warning if there were speed traps up the road. C.W. McCall was the pseudonym of former advertising executive William Fries, Jr. who, as part of a television commercial, created a truck driver named C.W. McCall. He wasn’t technically a one–hit wonder having charted three other songs on the Billboard Hot 100 but I don’t remember hearing any of them growing up. The daughter of a 1950s pop singer, this performer left her mark on the decade with a monster hit that became the best selling single of the seventies. 37.  Who is the singer? Rosanne Cash Nancy Sinatra Debby Boone Natalie Cole

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38.  What was the song? These Boots Are Made For Walking Unforgettable You Light Up My Life No Memories Hanging Round Debby Boone was just weeks shy of her 21st birthday when “You Light Up My Life” was released. This was her cover version of a song first recorded by Kasey Cisyk from the movie of the same name. The movie’s soundtrack squeaked to #80 on the Hot 100. The song was brought to Debby Boone by Joseph Brooks, the songwriter/producer and director of the film who had her sing over the same orchestrated track used in the movie. Its resulting session saw the song shoot to #1 where it stayed for ten weeks, a record for a single up to that time. By year’s end it surpassed all other records in sales figures, becoming the best selling single for the entire decade of the seventies. For her efforts Boone was rewarded with a Grammy for Best New Artist and American Music Award for Favorite Pop Single. 39.  Who is her father? Frank Sinatra Pat Boone Nat King Cole Johnny Cash

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Pat Boone, perhaps more than any other artist, brought acceptability to rock and roll. Almost as soon as Allan Freed coined the phrase “Rock and Roll” the genre came under fire by the mainstream press. Juvenile delinquency and an undermining of American values were supposed to be by-products of the “Devil’s music.” In 1955 Boone had his first hit with a Fats Domino song, “Ain’t That a Shame” and went on to score 38 Top 40 hits and 48 million in album sales, putting him second only to Elvis Presley as the top artist of the 50s. Many of his early songs were sanitized versions of black artists and R&B music such as Little Richard’s “Tutti Frutti” and “Long Tall Sally.” Taking his squeaky-clean image to the extreme, he released a heavy metal album in 1997 entitled, “Ina Metal Mood: No More Mr. Nice Guy” in which he crooned such hard rock classics as “Panama,” Night Train” and “Enter Sandman” replete with an album cover showing him wearing a leather vest and dog collar. Signing with Motown in 1969 The Jackson 5 were one of the biggest hit-makers of early to mid-seventies with 17 Top 40 hits on Billboard’s Hot 100. 40.  Which Motown singer introduced them to Barry Gordy? Diana Ross Gladys Knight Diane Warwick Smokey Robinson

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Although Diana Ross often takes credit for the introduction it was Gladys Knight and fellow Motown artist Bobby Taylor who brought the Jackson 5 to the attention of Barry Gordy after seeing them perform in an amateur performance. Ross, for her part, was one of the biggest stars in the Motown universe and lent her name to the Jackson 5’s first album, “Diana Ross presents the Jackson 5,” which incidentally was produced by Bobby Taylor. Billy Joel’s first record deal with Family Records was a bad one (for him). So much so he chose to ride out the contract by moving from his native N.Y. to L.A. For about six months he played in a smoky piano bar called the Executive Club on Wilshire Blvd. 41.  What stage name did Billy Joel use while playing there? Bill Martin Buddy Wilson Jerry Lewis Billy Savage Although it would be easy to make the assumption that Joel took his stage name from N.Y. Yankee’s manager Billy Martin, who skippered the team on five different occasions, Martin didn’t take the reins until 1975 and Joel played in the Executive Club in 1972, and somehow Ralph Houk: Piano Man doesn’t have much appeal. In truth, Joel’s full name is William Martin Joel. The people that frequented the bar were immortalized in his 1973 hit “Piano Man.”

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42.  What was the bartender’s name? John Sam Joe Norm 43.  What did he really want to be if he wasn’t bartending? Lawyer Policeman Singer Movie Star 44.  The waitress had another agenda; what was it? Actress Lawyer Politician Singer Not much explanation to expound on here. The bartender John, like so many food service workers in L.A., was a struggling actor. The waitress that was practicing politics was Elizabeth, who was Billy Joel’s first wife and acting manager once his career gained some traction. For the album Streetlife Serenade Billy Joel wrote a song that paid homage to “Piano Man” 45.  What was the name of that song? The Entertainer Just The Way You Are

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Worst Comes to Work Only the Good Die Young “The Entertainer” was a poignantly intuitive song about fleeting fame and how the artist has to acquiesce to the demands of the record companies and the whims of the fans. One verse sang, “It was a beautiful song/But it ran too long/If you want to have a hit/ You got to make it fit/ So they cut it down to 3:05.” Saturday Night Live debuted on October 11, 1975 as NBC’s Saturday Night. Comedian George Carlin was the first host. 46.  Who were the first musical guests on that show? Billy Preston Paul Simon Art Garfunkel Janis Ian Randy Newman Esther Phillips Phoebe Snow Billy Preston and Janis Ian. Preston performed “Nothing From Nothing” which was his second #1 hit (“Will It Go Round In Circles” was his first) and “Fancy Lady.” Janis Ian performed her biggest hit, “At Seventeen” which went to #3 on the Hot 100 but #1 on Billboard’s Adult Contemporary chart. She also sang “In the Winter.” The other performers listed appeared in Season One, episodes two & four.

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Paul Simon is the most frequent musical guest with eight appearances. The Beatles legally disbanded in 1970. Three of the former members pursued solo careers. Paul McCartney formed another band, Wings, with whom he continued to have hit records, although judging by U.K. charts, record buyers in Britain didn’t like Wings as much as we did in the U.S. 47.  Wings only had one #1 single in the UK. What was it? Uncle Albert Live and Let Die Band on the Run Mull of Kintyre The 70s will be forever linked at the hip to Disco but many people consider rap to have reared its head at the end of the decade 48.  Who had a the first Top Ten hit with a rap (Hip-Hop) song? Blondie Vanilla Ice Sugar Hill Gang Chic 49.  What was the first rap single? Ice Ice Baby Rapture Good Times Rapper’s Delight

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50.  What song is considered by most to have ushered in the Disco Era? “Kung Fu Fighting” “Dancing Queen” “When Will I See You Again?” “Rock the Boat” 51.  Who released the song? ABBA The Hues Corporation Carl Douglas The Three Degrees Two hit songs by female artists spoke about a mysterious man in their lives but neither were mentioned by name. 52.  What 1972 song did Carly Simon sing about an affair with a conceited lover? “You’re So Vain” “Legend in Your Own Time” “Nobody Does It Better” “Vengeance” 53.  Who is the song purportedly to be about? Burt Reynolds Warren Beatty Mick Jagger James Taylor Roberta Flack also had a hit about a man. In this case the song spoke about a man that had moved her emotionally.

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54.  What was her #1 song called? “You’ve Got a Friend” “If Ever I See You Again” “Killing Me Softly” 55.  Who was the inspiration for the song? Warren Beatty Jim Croce James Taylor Don McLean In 1977 this Canadian band was a One Hit Wonder with their double A-side single. (If you consider #63 on the Billboard Hot 100 a hit). The group’s biggest claim to fame was the rumor it was actually the Beatles reunited and recording under a pseudonym to see if their music was still relevant without the Beatles name attached to it. 56.  What was the group? The Stampeders The Bells Klaatu April Wine 57.  What was the name of their only hit? “Sweet City Woman” “Stay Awhile” “Calling Occupants of Interplanetary Craft” “You Won’t Dance With Me” That same year another act had a bigger hit (#32) with the song.

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58.  Who were they? Carpenters Hall and Oates The Osmonds Firefall David Bowie brought a theatrical flair to pop music through his on-stage personas and served as inspiration to the likes of David Byrne, Madonna, Lady Gaga, Queen, Alice Cooper and to some extent KISS and every big-haired Metal group of the 80s. 59.  Which of the following were NOT a Bowie character Ziggy Stardust Aladdin Sane Spiro Agnew Daimon Hellstrom Halloween Jack The Thin White Duke Screaming Lord Byron Major Tom Pierrot The Mad Hatter American Graffiti was one of the highest grossing movies of all time when it was released in 1973. It was nominated for five Academy Awards including Best Picture (losing to The Sting). The setting for the movie was one night in the lives of high school-aged kids in Modesto, CA in 1962. It launched the career of many young actors including Harrison Ford, Richard Dreyfuss, Suzanne Somers, Cindy Williams and Charles Martin Smith.

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Featuring over 40 hits by the original artists as well as actual radio/telephone dialog by D.J. Wolfman Jack, the soundtrack album went to #10 on Billboard’s Top 200 and was certified triple-platinum. The movie featured an appearance by a Fifties-retro band that also appeared as a USO touring band in Apocalypse Now. 60.  What was the name of this band? Sha Na Na Flash Cadillac & the Continental Kids Otis Day & the Knights Carrie Nations In 1976 this group finally had their own Top 40 hit. 61.  What was the name of that song? “Did You Boogie (With Your Baby)” “Da Doo Ron Ron” “Shama Lama Ding Dong” “IN the Long Run” Mick Fleetwood played in several bands in England before being invited to joining Fleetwood Mac, which even though it partially bears his name, was not his band. The group underwent a big personnel shakeup in the 70s that lead to their most commercially successful period.

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62.  Who is the only member of the group that has been with them from Day One? Mick Fleetwood Peter Green John McVie Christine McVie 63.  What is their biggest selling album to date? Rumours Tusk Fleetwood Mac The Dance Amazingly, even with all their sales, Fleetwood Mac only has one #1 hit. 64.  What is it? “Dreams” “Don’t Stop” “You Make Loving Fun” “Landslide” 65.  Who wrote it? Randy Newman Warren Zevon Dolly Parton Stevie Nicks Mick adopted a very unique fashion statement early on in his professional career. It’s prominently displayed on the Rumours album cover.

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66.  What is this fashion accessory? A monocle Wooden balls Cigarette holder A pink boa

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SINGERS WE LOST IN THE 70’S Mary Ann Ganser – the Shangri-Las Jimi Hendrix * Janis Joplin * Jim Morrison * Louis Armstrong Duke Ellington Gene Vincent Duane Allman (the Allman Bros.) Rory Storm (and the Hurricanes) Ron McKernan (Grateful Dead) Clarence White (the Byrds) Paul Williams (The Temptations) Gram Parsons Jim Croce Bobby Darin Cass Elliot (Mama & the Papas) * Tim Buckley Bing Crosby Elvis Presley Keith Moon (the Who) Sid Vicious (the Sex Pistols) Van McCoy Ronnie Van Zant (Lynard Skynard) Florence Ballard (the Supremes)

* members of the 27 Club – popular musicians that cashed in their chips at the age of 27.

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THE DAY THE MUSIC DIED


THE DAY THE MUSIC DIED Arguably the greatest rock and roll ballad ever recorded and at eight minutes and 36 seconds, one of the longest songs to chart #1, this biographical song talks about a tragic plane crash that took the lives of three rock and roll legends. 67.  Name the Song D.O.A. American Pie Leaving on a Jet Plane If You Leave Me Now “D.O.A.” (#36) was a song about a plane crash by the hard rock group Bloodrock that released seven albums 1970 – 74 and were somehow able to squeeze out four compilation albums from their body of work. “Leaving on a Jet Plane” was written by John Denver but it found success first as a single for Peter, Paul & Mary. Ironically, as gifted as this trio was at song-writing this was their only #1 song.

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68.  Name the Singer/Songwriter Don McLean Jim Croce Ricky Nelson John Denver McLean wrote and sang “American Pie” and released it in 1971 off his second album of the same name. Included on the album was McLean’s second Top 40 song, “Vincent” (#12) about painter Vincent Van Gogh. Jim Croce was a hugely successful singer/songwriter who’s hits included “Bad, Bad Leroy Brown,” “Time in a Bottle” and “I’ve Got a Name.” Ricky (Rick) Nelson gets a mention in the section on the 50’s but it’s interesting to note that Croce, Nelson and Denver were all killed in plane crashes. Although no specific date was mentioned, the opening lyrics proclaim that, the events of the song took place, “A long, long time ago…” 69.  On what date did the music die? September 11, 2001 December 8, 1981 July 21, 1969 February 3, 1959 Hoping to get to the next city in time to finally do some laundry Holly hired a three-passenger plane from

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the Dwyer Flying Service to get him and two others to Fargo, North Dakota at the cost of $36.00 a seat. This was the era when promoters would put together touring shows with split bills featuring several artists and/or groups. 70.  What was the promotional name given to this particular tour? Rockin’ the New Year Winter Dance Party The All-Stars Rockin’ Review The tour didn’t have a name 71.  In what venue was the last show held? Holiday Inn Ballroom The VFW Hall Cedar Rapids Civic Auditorium The Surf Ballroom 72.  In which city was the show supposed to be held the following day? Moorhead, MN Sioux City, IW Des Moines, IW Cedar Rapids, IW 73.  What was the name of the plane? N3794N Dwyer Flying Services American Pie Yankee Clipper

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Unlike boats, planes do not typically have names. The tail numbers are required by the F.A.A. for all aircraft whether military, commercial or civilian. Any plane registered in the U.S. will have a tail number that begins with the letter “N.” The doomed plane was a Beechcraft V-tailed Bonanza model 35 that could comfortably carry a pilot and three passengers. It was nicknamed the “Doctor Killer” as it was a powerful and sexy plane coveted by rich private pilots, i.e. doctors and lawyers who in many cases didn’t have the flight time or experience flying such a high performance plane. 74.  What was the pilot’s name? Roger Peterson Wiley Post Bob Anderson Neil White Peterson was a 21-year old pilot who had been flying for four years and had earned his commercial license nine months prior to the crash. He was hired by the Dwyer Flying Service upon becoming commercially certified. Growing up and flying in Iowa he certainly would have been accustomed to the weather. He did not yet have his instrument rating which, although not necessary to carry passengers, would have been helpful and even essential in deteriorating weather conditions. Peterson checked the weather along the

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flight path four times prior to take-off. Weather conditions were VFR (Visual Flight Restrictions) at the time of the flight, meaning Peterson would not have to rely solely on his instruments. Contrary to some speculation Peterson knew the nuances of the Bonanza 35. It was a powerful, modern aircraft that he had had flown many times. One consideration would have been the CG or center of gravity of the plane. Buddy Holly weighed 146 pounds. J.P. Richardson weighed 300 lbs, thus the moniker “Big Bopper.” Both Valens and the pilot Roger Peterson were approximately 160 pounds. Combined with whatever equipment and baggage they were carrying, that could have played a part in the plane’s ability to perform.

75.  Who were the three rockers that died? Ritchie Valens Roy Orbison Big Bopper Buddy Holly Buddy Holly was the established star of the tour. He was 22-years old. The Big Bopper was a songwriter and DJ. He was 28. Ritchie Valens was an up-and-coming star. He was 17. 76.  Who didn’t get on the plane that day? Tommy Allsup Dion

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Jerry Lee Lewis Waylon Jennings

Now before you jump all over me I will give you credit, begrudgingly, if you said Waylon Jennings. There are several versions of what happened after the show at the Surf Ballroom and how the seats in the plane were allotted. Forget anything you saw in the movie The Buddy Holly Story. This much is true‌ The Winter Dance Party tour of 1958/59 was a logistical mess. Starting in Milwaukee, WI it snaked back and forth through the mid-west and plains states with seemingly no attention paid to direction or distance. It was a brutal winter and the tour bus was uncomfortable and cold; so much so that drummer Carl Bunch left the tour due to frostbite of his toes. Almost halfway through the tour, the bus rolled into Clear Lake, Iowa for a last-minute scheduled performance. Cold, tired and reeking from not being able to clean his suits, Buddy Holly chartered a plane to fly to the next gig which was a six hour ride on the bus or ninety minutes by plane. The cost broke down to $36 per person or about $300 in today’s dollars. Holly would be taking up one seat leaving two more to divide between the nine remaining musicians. Both Jennings and Allsup insisted that Holly chartered the plane for himself and the two of them since they were a part of his band. Dion, some 50 years

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after the event has recently claimed that he flipped the coin with Valens and won a spot on the plane but balked at the price. The Big Bopper, tired of folding his large frame into the uncomfortable bus seats and suffering with the flu asked Waylon Jennings if he could take his seat. Jennings, being a 21-year old session bass player acquiesced, perhaps out of respect for the older, more established performer or out of sympathy for him being sick. This left one seat remaining and it seems unlikely that if Jennings, who was not a headliner, had a guaranteed seat on the plane, that anyone other than Allsup would have had first choice. A coin was tossed at the Surf Ballroom, not at the airport prior to take off as depicted in the movie. Pretty much everyone there except for Dion swears that the coin toss was between Allsup and Valens for the final seat. At that moment it was assumed that Valens won the toss because it got him off the bus and on the plane… As a historical aside the coin landed heads. The Big Bopper had written two hit songs for other artist; “Running Bear” for Johnny Preston and “White Lightening” for country great George Jones. As a DJ at KTRM he broke a record (no pun intended) for continuous on-air broadcast of five days, two hours and eight minutes, playing 1,821 records.

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77.  What was his real name? J.P. Richardson Tom Parker Sam Phillips Johnnie Burnett 78.  What song did he have a hit with? Chantilly Lace The Twist Shout Kansas City Back to “American Pie”… In the chorus of the song… 79.  What brand of car did the singer drive? GTO Mustang Pick-up truck Chevy 80.  Where did he drive to? The drive-in movie The malt shop Bowling alley The levee There are several interpretations about the levee reference (as there are about almost everything in this song). Some say it refers to a tavern located across the street from where McLean went to high school, called the Levee. Others point out a reference to a Chevrolet

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commercial from the 50s that included the line, “On a highway or a road along a levee...life is completer in a Chevy.” 81.  What were the “good ole boys” drinking? Rum and coke Moonshine Beer Whiskey and rye Since it was first released in 1971 there has been no dearth of speculation as to who and what the lyrics refer to. Even Glenn Beck threw his hat into the ring saying that the song was an analogy to an American civilian uprising. WTF? – editor’s note On April 7, 2015 Don McLean auctioned off his hand-written notebook at Christie’s for 1.2 million dollars. When asked to explain the meaning of this most iconic and perplexing song McLean would answer, “It means I don’t ever have to work again if I don’t want to.”

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Rob: ‘What came first, the music or the misery? People worry about kids playing with guns, or watching violent videos, that some sort of culture of violence will take them over. Nobody worries about kids listening to thousands, literally thousands of songs about heartbreak, rejection, pain, misery and loss. Did I listen to pop music because I was miserable? Or was I miserable because I listened to pop music?’ Nick Hornby, High Fidelity (2000)


ON THE ROAD AGAIN


ON THE ROAD AGAIN 82.  In Bobby Gentry’s “Ode to Billy Joe,” Billy Joe McAlister jumps off the Tallahatchie River Bridge. Where is it located Mississippi West Virginia Kentucky Tennessee It’s not mentioned in the song so kudos to you if you knew this one. Bobbie Gentry was born in Chickasaw County, Mississippi and went to school in Greenwood. The bridge that spanned the Tallahatchie in the song (as there are obviously a lot of bridges that span the river along it’s course) was in Money, MS about 10 miles form Greenwood. 83.  Where are John Denver’s Country Roads located? Colorado Mississippi Tennessee West Virginia

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Husband and wife Bill Danoff and Taffy Nivert wrote the song for Johnny Cash but as friends of John Denver they played him their rough version and Denver loved it, adding his own inspirations to the song. Interestingly enough neither Danoff and his wife nor Denver had ever been to West Virginia. 84.  In the opening verse of Billy Joel’s “The Ballad of Billy the Kid” where was Billy from? Arizona Texas Kansas West Virginia Billy Joel is a self-taught student of history and a very insightful storyteller through his music. In the case of “The Ballad of Billy the Kid” Joel admits that historically it was totally inaccurate. The outlaw Billy the Kid (Henry McCarty) was born in New York City. The character in the song (the boy with a six-gun in his hand) hailed from Wheeling, West Virginia, robbed banks and was hung. The real Billy the Kid never robbed banks and was shot by Sheriff Pat Garrett. If you’re looking for another musical tie-in, the 1973 movie Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid starred singer/songwriter Kris Kristofferson as Billy and had appearances from Bob Dylan and Rita Coolidge.

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In the same song, the story ends with another young man living a life of crime. 85.  Where was this boy from? Oyster Bay, Long Island California Rhode Island Georgia The boy with “a six pack in his hand” was from Oyster Bay, as was Billy Joel, although Joel has said that it refers to Billy Nastri, a bartender who worked in Oyster Bay. 86.  “The Little Old Lady…” of Jan and Dean’s surf-infused, car-crazy hit was from what city? Newark New York City Memphis Pasadena A socially conservative and demographically older suburb of Los Angeles, Pasadena seemed the unlikely setting for a drag racing grandma which is why the song played so well in its imagery. 87.  In what city was the singer “standing on the corner…” in the Eagles song “Take It Easy”? Winslow Albuquerque Galveston Memphis

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The corner of West 2nd Street and Kinsley Avenue off of Route 40 in Winslow, Arizona has been designated as THE corner Jackson Browne referred to in his song that gave the Eagles their first hit. It was the first track of their first album and subsequently their first single. Glen Frey shared writing credit with Browne for what he describes was his minimal input, though he did hear Browne writing the song day after day, as Frey lived in the apartment above him. Elvis Presley’s reworking of Chuck Berry’s song “Promised Land” tells of the singer/narrator’s cross-country journey by bus, train and plane. 88.  From which city did the singer/narrator begin his journey? Memphis Tupelo St. Louis Norfolk 89.  Where did, “the Hound break down”? (Greyhound bus) Jackson Birmingham Winona Montgomery 90.  What city was referred to as “The Promised Land”? Los Angeles Memphis New York City Seattle

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Berry wrote this song while in prison serving time for the Mann Act (transporting a woman or girl across state line for the purposes of sex). He used an atlas from the prison library to plan the route used in the song. Speaking of Chuck Berry… In his hit “Sweet Little Sixteen” he mentions seven cities. 91.  Name the city that is only mentioned once. Boston Memphis Philadelphia New Orleans 92.  What Beach Boys hit was inspired by Chuck Berry’s song? Surfin’ U.S.A. I Get Around California Girls Barbara Ann Berry sued the Beach Boys for using the melody of “Sweet Little Sixteen” saying that Brian Wilson plagiarized his song. As part of the settlement Murry Wilson, Brian’s father, gave the rights and publishing royalties to Berry. Berry also sued John Lennon claiming that “Come Together” was a rip off of Berry’s “You Can’t Catch Me.” That muddled suit, bought forth by copyright holder Morris Levy, resulted in Lennon having to record three songs belonging to Big Seven Music Corp.

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on his next album. This ultimately resulted in Lennon’s “Rock n Roll” album. Incredulously Berry himself ripped off the tune from “The Wabash Cannonball” a hugely popular folk song, when writing “Promised Land.” Another Berry classic, “Back in the U.S.A.,” begat a Beatles’ song. 93.  What was the Beatles song it inspired? Back in the U.S.S.R. Ticket to Ride Rock and Roll Music Kansas City/Hey, Hey, Hey, Hey Appropriately enough the B-Side of “Back in the U.S.A.” contained a song with the name of a U.S. city. 94.  What was the city? Memphis New Orleans Yazoo City Savannah 95.  In Bruce Springsteen’s song “Born in the U.S.A.” how many American cities does he sing about? Khe Sahn Saigon Bit of a trick question. Although the song hints that it is about growing up nostalgically in America “Born in

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the U.S.A.” features no American cities. It was meant not so much as a war protest song (the war in Vietnam had ended for US Combat troops in 1973), but as a mirror held up to reflect the treatment of America’s returning veterans who were struggling with unemployment, addiction and psychological troubles. 96.  What continent was immortalized in the oft-played music video and megahit for the band Toto? Africa Africa was very newsworthy in the 80s. Nelson Mandella was in prison for his anti-Apartheid movement. AIDS was devastating the continent. Starvation was a constant reality. But strides were being made. South West Africa won its independence freeing itself from colonial rule. Immunizations and pesticides were improving the living standards and internationally some of the biggest musical acts were raising money for various African causes. It is to this background that Toto inexplicably recorded this song with accompanying music video. 97.  Glen Campbell scored a hit in 1968 with the haunting song about the life and loves of a man that worked on the power lines of which city? Galveston Wichita Albuquerque Houston

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From the song “Wichita Lineman” (#3 Hot 100, #1 Hot Country) 98.  Seems like Glen liked to travel lyrically, as he did when extolling the virtues of what Texas city in another hit? Galveston Wichita Albuquerque Houston From the song “Galveston” Glen Campbell was one of the hardest working session guitarist in L.A. As a member of the famed “Wrecking Crew” he has played on more hit songs than just about anyone, though mostly anonymously. As a solo artist his talents spanned Hot 100, Adult Contemporary and Country hits. In the late 60s he charted seven #1 singles in a row if you discount a Christmas single. Both “Wichita Lineman” and “Galveston” were written by legendary composer Jimmy Webb. 99.  Where did the girl in Jimmy Buffett’s “Fins” move to the islands from? New Haven Cincinnati Twin Cities Detroit Buffett made a lot of stops around the world as well. In the song

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“Volcano” he lists nine places where he doesn’t want to land. “… when the volcano blows.” 100.  Name at least five locations mentioned in the song. San Francisco Mobile Love Canal Beirut North Korea Buzzard’s Bay Three Mile Island Mexico New York City Nashville Buffett would change the cities and places to suit current news worthy happenings and the reflect the venues he was playing. Dave Messina’s “Please Come to Boston” tells the story of a young musician on the road trying to convince his girlfriend to join him as he goes from city to city. She begs him to come home. 101.  Where is home? Boston Tennessee Bar Harbor Colorado Ricky Nelson had a girl in every port in this #1 offering from 1961.

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102.  Name the song that talks about the worldly women he left behind. Travelin’ Man Garden Party Gypsy Woman She Belongs to Me 103.  Who was his famous father? Nelson Rockefeller Ozzie Nelson Charles Nelson Riley Dean Martin

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Girl: ‘How come you don’t play during daytime? I see you here everyday.’ Guy: ‘During the daytime people would want to hear songs that they know, just songs that they recognize. I play these song at night or I wouldn’t make any money. People wouldn’t listen.’ Girl: ‘I listen.’ John Carney, Once (2006)


ROCK ‘N’ ROLL CINEMA


ROCK N ROLL CINEMA Even before The Blackboard Jungle exploded onto the screen and made a star out of Bill Hailey and His Comets with their song, “Rock Around the Clock” movie producers began exploiting the culture and music of teenagers. With each of the synopsis below name the movie in which rock and roll, or other musical genres, play an integral part. 104.  Ex-con becomes a singing star. Jailhouse Rock Elvis Presley’s third film (Love Me Tender, Loving You preceded it). The often imitated jailhouse dance number was the first scene to be filmed. The film’s budget was $400,00, of which Elvis was paid $250,000 and 50% of the profit. The film grossed $4,000,000. Just before production began in May of ’57 Elvis purchased Graceland for $150,000. 105.  Band stuck in hotel waiting for performance A Hard Day’s Night

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The Beatles’ first movie. Directed by Richard Lester who also directed their second film Help! The story follows a “typical” day in the life of the Fab Four dealing with screaming fans, the press, promoters, performances and their new found fame. Pre-production began in 1963 before the Beatles’ historic appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show. It was planned as low budget film (hence the black & white) assuming that by the time it was released the popularity of the band would be waning. The movie was shot to give it a documentary feel as though it were actually chronicling the Beatles’ lives. Lester later said that George was the best actor among the four and that Paul was so enthusiastic he tried too hard. 106.  Julliard student breaks blues guitarist out of jail and travels with him to Mississippi Crossroads Ralph Macchio (Karate Kid – 1984) plays a gifted classical guitarist who is enthralled by Mississippi Delta Blues. While playing a benefit gig at a senior men’s prison he meets Willie Brown, better known as Blind Dog Fulton, who tells him he knows the unrecorded song by Robert Johnson, the legendary blues guitarist that purportedly sold his soul to the Devil in exchange for his talent. The conflux of Hwys. 49 and 61 in Clarksdale, Mis-

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sissippi is generally considered to be where the Crossroads were and today a thriving Blues tourist industry revolves around it, from The Blues Museum to Morgan Freeman’s juke joint, “Ground Zero.” 107.  Band manager from Dublin forms an R&B/Soul band. The Commitments Filmed in Dublin. A pivotal part of the movie was the scenes in which local Jimmy Rabbitte auditions musicians and wanna-bes in order to form an R&B Soul band. In this case reality mirrored fiction, or vice-versa as director Alan Parker held open auditions for over 3,000 people. Only two of the band members were actors. The rest were either musicians or first time actors. Maria Doyle who played backup singer Natalie can be seen on the BBC show Orphan Black. Bronaugh Gallagher played back up singer Bernie but because she hailed from Northern Ireland she had to learn a Dublin accent. (Who knew?) The vocal coach for the film was Rob Strong. When director Parker heard his son Andrew singing he was cast as “Deco” the lead singer of the Commitments. He was 16 years old. 108.  A Midwestern boy is befriended by hippies. Hair

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About the only thing the 1979 movie shares with the 1968 award-winning musical is the name. The plot of the original musical revolved around a group of hippies leaving communally in New York City dealing with issues of anti-war/peace movement and feminism. The movie focused more on the hippies running around singing. Many key songs from the stage show were eliminated from the film. The movie was critically well received but didn’t do much in the box office, perhaps because that by the time of the movie’s release there was no pressing social issues as there were in ’68 when the musical was packing audiences into theaters. 109.  A high school girl enlists a punk rock band to get at the principal and the establishment. Rock N Roll High School A 1979 film that has attained cult status. Its simplistic plot harkens back to the juvenile rebel-rouser movies of the fifties. Somehow it was thought that in 1980 rock and roll was still a catalyst of anti-establishment attitudes. Cheap Trick was originally slated to be the band that saves the day but their schedule didn’t jibe with the productions so the Ramones were enlisted. 110.  A Couples car breaks done and they stay in a castle. Rocky Horror Picture Show 111.  These cartoon characters must save Pepperland from the Blue Meanies in a musical magical tour de force. Yellow Submarine

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The Beatles had a three picture deal with United Artists. After the release of Help, they were burnt out and not looking forward to taking on another film project. The idea of an animated movie was floated. They hated the cheap look of the Beatles Saturday morning cartoon series and didn’t want to have anything to do with a big screen adaptation but with voice actors standing in for them the Beatles could fulfill their obligations to United Artist by lending only their songs to the product and an obligatory “live” appearance at the end of the film. An army of over 200 animators were brought to the project. All the cells and background plates were hand drawn and painted; this was after all before computers. Ron Campbell who was one of the animators on the Beatles cartoon series and went on to do the Flintstones, Jetson’s and Scooby-Doo was enlisted for the creating the connecting scenes of the film, about 12 minutes’ worth. Yellow Submarine was a critical and commercial success. Unfortunately United Artists (and their lawyers) didn’t consider the Beatles lack of direct involvement to fulfill the three picture deal, thus the documentary chronically the creative process of the “Get Back” sessions was made. That session with its historic roof-top concert became Let it Be. 112.  The events of one night in a small California town as two friends decide whether to head for college or stay put. American Graffiti

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Written and directed by George Lucas this coming of age story hints at the emerging restlessness of American teens as cars and music bridge the gap between the lives they’ve known and the lives they are about to embark on. Lucas realized how important the music would be to the film. He wrote the script with specific songs setting the scene. He also included famed DJ Wolfman Jack in the story to help drive the story along. Because the budget was so low Lucas had to pay a flat fee for the licensing rights to all the songs which left nothing to acquire any songs from Elvis. 113.  A high school boy goes on the road and comes of age with the help of a group of band aides, and then writes for Rolling Stone. Almost Famous Another Art Imitates Life movie as writer/director Cameron Crowe’s fictionalized account of his youth spent touring with bands as a writer for Rolling Stone. In real life Crowe toured with the likes of the Eagles, Poco, Lynyrd Skynyrd and Led Zeppelin. In the movie Crowe’s fictional counter-part toured with an equally fictional band called Stillwater. Peter Frampton was a creative consultant on the film and Crowe and his wife at the time, Nancy Wilson of Heart, co-wrote some of the songs that Stillwater performed, as did Frampton.

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114.  Mockumentary about Heavy Metal band who’s seen better days This Is Spinal Tap 115.  Bluesman/ex-con enlists his brother on a cross country trip to save the orphanage that they both grew up in. The Blues Brothers Fresh off their success with Animal House director John Landis and John Belushi teamed up again for a feature film based on Belushi and Dan Aykroyd’s Saturday Night Live-inspired fictional blues band. Plagued by production delays and grossly over budget there were also concerns that a movie featuring R&B Soul and Blues wouldn’t find a mainstream, i.e. white, audience. The music of the Blues Brothers was inspired by the likes of Sam and Dave and Chicago blues artists. It opened the ears of a new generation to the music, many of whom were unfamiliar with the original artists. The Blues Brothers’ band was staffed by some of the hottest session musicians available. Steve Cropper and Donald “Duck” Dunn were among them, both having been members of Booker T and the M.G.s and the Staxx Records session band. 116.  A Brooklyn teenager tries to escape his dull existence and loser friends by becoming the best dancer. Saturday Night Fever More than any other lone factor, Saturday Night Fever

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and its accompanying soundtrack not only saved Disco, it propelled it to the stratosphere. By the time of its release in December of 1977 many people had already announced the death of disco. At best it was a trend, a fringe happening that was popular in the black, gay and Hispanic clubs but that musically was already played out as groups like Aerosmith and Kiss were storming the charts and punk was gaining traction – a rebellious counter to the over-produced “four on the floor” beat that Disco was built on. Although many will remember the movie solely for Travolta’s often-parodied dance scene in his white suit and lighted dance floor it was actual a well crafted and gritty movie about teen angst, bigotry and trying to beat the hand the Life has dealt you. Like American Graffiti before it the soundtrack of Saturday Night Fever was more of a “Best of...” album that featured songs that had already had their time on the charts and therefore created a bit of nostalgia, if even just a few years removed from their heyday. The inclusion of the Bee Gees was a no-brainer as they were signed to RSO who also produced the movie. The Bee Gees had come to Disco ahead of the curve. A popular group from Australia, their biggest hits from the 60s were long behind them. When they re-emerged in the mid-seventies with a new sound it was to the ears of a generation of listeners who in many cases weren’t familiar with their early career.

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The movie was originally released with an R rating because of its use of profanity, nudity and sexually violent scenes. It was also edited for a PG and a PG-13 rating in order to increase its viewership. 117.  A deaf, dumb and blind boy becomes the object of a religious cult Tommy The 1975 movie is based on the Who’s 1969 rock opera of the same name. An early concept album it was composed almost entirely by Pete Townshend who felt artistically constrained by the 3 minute run times that singles needed for radio play. By 1968 the Beatles had long since stopped touring, instead poring their efforts into the studio. The Who’s chart success was waning but their live shows were popular due mainly to the theatrics of Townshend and Moon. In many ways the Who were the forefathers of what would become the norm of rock tour theatrics that were embraced by groups like Queen. 118.  A record store owner compiles a list of his top five breakups to the back drop of his used record store and a classic soundtrack of his life. High Fidelity A smart and well-crafted movie adapted from Nick Hornsby’s book. The setting for the film was moved form North London to Chicago. The three main char-

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acters that inhabit Championship Vinyl have varying degrees of musical appreciation, which presented a challenge for the producers when selecting what songs to use. They sifted through over 2000 songs before settling on 70 that would make up the soundtrack. 119.  Washed up rock star falls in love with an up-and-coming female singer A Star is Born This 1976 version was the second remake of the film (1937 and 1954 with the latter film starring Judy Garland). The first two movies used Hollywood and the film industry as it’s setting. The ’76 version, starring and produced by Barbra Streisand and singer/songwriter Kris Kristofferson changed it to the music business. The best thing this movie had to offer was its soundtrack, penned mostly by Paul Williams and which charted #1 on the Billboard 200 and produced a #1 single with its theme song, “Evergreen” (Love Theme from A Star is Born). Kristofferson’s part as the in-decline singer was originally offered to Elvis Presley who was eager to do it in hopes that a meaty film role would help erase the memories of all the schlocky movies he was contracted to do during the 60s. Elvis’s manager Col. Tom Parker insisted that Elvis get top billing and a huge salary which essentially nixed the deal. Neil Diamond was then considered but declined based

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on his aggressive tour schedule. The role finally landed with Kristofferson. 120.  A substitute teacher inspires his students to form a band. School of Rock Actor and writer Mike White found inspiration for School of Rock from a album called, “Langley Schools Music Project.” It was a collection of pops songs from Canadian children that were recorded in a school gym in 1976-77 and unreleased until it surfaced in 2001. 121.  Youth from an abusive home has to overcome a dysfunctional band in order to succeed. Purple Rain Prince’s first film role that garnered an Academy Award for Best Original Song Score as well a two Razzie Awards for worst New Star Apollonia Kotero and Worst Original Song for “Sex Shooter.” 122.  This rapper must deal with family and foes alike to pursue his dream. Eight Mile A semi-autobiographical accounting of rap star Eminem’s life growing up in a poor, black neighborhood of Detroit and the people and environment that influenced his rise to a musical genre that was predominately led by black DJs and artists. His song “Lose Yourself ”

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won the Academy Award in 2002 for Best Original Song.

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If you tried to give rock and roll another name, you might call it ‘Chuck Berry.’ John Lennon


THE FIFTIES


I

f a decade could exhibit the symptoms of being bi-polar, then surely the 1950s would have been diagnosed with this disorder. On the surface it was stay at home moms as portrayed by June Cleaver in “Leave it to Beaver.” Disneyland opened. Families watched television together (because there was only one TV ). Baseball was the national sport. America began a mass vaccination program against polio. Cadillac introduced the tail fin in ’48, but the look gained its icon prominence throughout the Fifties. The U.S. economy and population was booming with 4 million babies born every year during the 50s. More people were living in or near big cities instead of more rural locations. The term suburbia was introduced as developments like Levittown began to spring up. Men (most having returned from service during WWII just five years earlier) went to work everyday while women (mothers) stayed at home and tended to the duties of raising a family and minding the house. Children that had experienced rationing during the war were becoming teenagers in the early to mid fifties. It was to this middle-class, white-washed, Disneyesque image that a social and political undercurrent began to bubble. Negroes (to use the vernacular of the times) were beginning to publically challenge the cultural and political systems that had for so long relegated them to second-class citizens as observed in the Jim Crow South and with laws such as the Mann Act (which would later have an affect upon

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rock and roll). Internationally, America was forced to share the stage with our Allied victors from World War II. Our closest friend was Great Britain but they would spend half the Fifties literally digging out from under the rubble left behind from German bombing raids. It wasn’t until 1954 that the British ended food rationing. It was the Russians, as part of the great Soviet Union and her satellite countries of Eastern Europe that cast the biggest shadow on world politics; first with the Iron Curtain which, although not a physical barrier, presented an ideological wall between East and West. In America our distrust of the Soviets and more specifically Communism led to the “Red Scare.” Sen. Joseph McCarthy built (and lost) his political career by grandstanding against the threat. Hollywood, always a community of liberal, left-leaning thinkers, blacklisted many of its top writers in reaction to a growing public perception that there was a “Commie under every rock.” Television’s Golden Age was tarnished toward the end of the decade when it was revealed that several of the most popular quiz shows were rigging the dice, so to speak, by providing some of the contestants the answers beforehand, all for entertainment value. The “reality show” format has its beginning. Even the music industry was stung by the Payola Scandal, a “Play for Pay” system in which DJs and radio station owners had their hands greased and pockets filled by record companies to play the music of specific artists. To this stage entered a technology whose influence could not possibly

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have been measured at the time for the social and economic part it was about to play, first in America and then around the world. It was one of the first “format wars” of the 20th Century when in 1947 Columbia introduced the LP, a 12” vinyl record as a significant technological improvement to the 78. Not to be outdone, RCA brought out the 45 the following year. The benefit of the 45 was that it ushered in smaller, portable and readily affordable record players. Teenagers were no longer tethered to the family record player nor did they have to listen to their parent’s music, which was still very much Big Band and crooning singers. For the first time a new class of consumer was created - the teenager - and the music industry was ready to exploit it.

MOVIES tickets average $1.00 1950 – Sunset Boulevard, All About Eve, Winchester ‘73 1951 – African Queen, An American in Paris, The Day the Earth Stood Still 1952 – Singing in the Rain, High Noon, The Quiet Man, The Greatest Show on Earth 1953 – Roman Holiday, Shane, Staglag 17, From Here to Eternity 1954 – On the Waterfront, Rear Window, Godzilla, Caine Mutiny 1955 – Rebel Without a Cause, Marty, Lady and the Tramp, Oklahoma! 1956 – The Ten Commandments, Forbidden Planet, The King and I, The Bad Seed 1957 – Bridge on the River Kwai, 12 Angry Men, Old Yeller, Jailhouse Rock 1958 –The Blob, Gigi, A Night to Remember, King Creole, The Fly 1959 – Some Like it Hot, Ben-Hur, On the Beach, North by Northwest, Gidget

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TELEVISION I Love Lucy, Your Show of Shows, The Jack Benny Show, You Bet Your Life, The Jackie Gleason Show, The Mickey Mouse Club, Dragnet... Game shows and quiz shows provided popular fodder but beginning in 1957 Westerns ruled the roost. The Following year eight of the top ten shows were westerns with Gunsmoke top the chart. Most homes had one black & white television that the whole family would watch together. There were four major networks; ABC, CBS, NBC and the Dumont Network that stopped broadcasting in 1956.

COST OF LIVING Gallon of gas – $0.20 House – $14,500 Car – $1500 Loaf of Bread – $0.14 Postage stamp – $0.03 Candy Bar – $0.05 45” single – $0.49 LP album – $1.29

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THE FIFTIES An album from the 1950s spent 153 weeks (almost 3 years) on Billboard’s Top Ten charts. That’s almost double the length of time Thriller spent in the top ten: 78 weeks. 123.  What was the album? Time Out Songs For Swinging Lovers Merry Christmas Music For Lovers Only 124.  Who was responsible for this album? Dave Brubeck Frank Sinatra Bing Crosby Jackie Gleason Yep… that Jackie Gleason. “Ralph Kramden” of The Honeymooners. Although he couldn’t read or write music Gleason had an ear for what the public wanted which was soft, melodic and unobtrusive. It was classy “make out” music of its era. Gleason also wrote the themes for

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his two television shows. 125.  What is considered to be the first true rock and roll song? Rock Around the Clock Rocket 88 Johnny B. Goode That’s All Right Mama Some song has to be the “first” even if the genre of rock and roll continued to morph and evolve, taking the best parts of rhythm & blues, country-western, hillbilly and blues. “Rocket 88” was essentially a 12-bar blues that featured a signature wailing sax and a “new sound” of a distorted amp. 126.  Who released it? Chuck Berry Elvis Presley Bill Hailey and His Comets Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats That’s how the song was credited upon its release, however it was actually Ike Turner’s Kings of Rhythm. Ike was from Clarksdale, Mississippi which is where Robert Johnson purportedly sold his soul to the Devil in exchange for his guitar talents and success. “Rocket 88” was recorded by Sam Phillips… the same Sam Phillips that would launch the career of a young Elvis Presley five years later.

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127.  In what year was it released? 1951 1952 1954 1953 With the growing popularity of television in the 1950s it didn’t take long for sponsors and hosts to jump on the rock and roll bandwagon and tap into the youth audience that these stars could bring. To the chagrin of their parents mainstream television started to embrace rock and roll. 128.  What was the first national TV appearance for Jerry Lee Lewis? Louisiana Hayride The Steve Allen Show Ed Sullivan Show The Dorsey Brother’s Show Steve Allen gave Lewis his first shot at TV and he didn’t disappoint with a rousing rendition of his hit, “Whole Lotta Shakin’ Goin’ On.” Jerry Lee was so appreciative of the exposure that he named his son Steve Allen Lewis. Perhaps the show with the largest viewership and hence the most prestige for performers was the Ed Sullivan Show which introduced the Beatles to the U.S. in 1964, setting viewership records for years to come. Prior to that historic broadcast…

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129.  Who was the first rock and roll group to appear on the Sullivan show? The Platters Dave Clark Five Bill Hailey and His Comets The Coasters This early Rock and Roll star was originally turned down (although eventually appeared 12 years after his first #1 hit) for the Ed Sullivan show by Sullivan’s adamant dismissal, “Get out of here. I don’t want anymore of this Elvis crap.” 130.  Who was this singer? Gene Vincent Jerry Lee Lewis Buddy Holly Carl Perkins Phil Harris was a popular bandleader, actor and singer who only had one #1 hit (in the pre Top 100 days) with a novelty song. 131.  What was the song? The Chipmunk Song The Purple People Eater Big John The Thing Years later he provided the voice for a popular animated character.

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132.  What character did he provide the voice for? Scooby Doo Baloo Mr. MaGoo Yogi Bear Billboard Magazine and its subsequent charts began in 1958. Prior to that it was a hodge-podge of data that tracked popular sounds: juke box play, sales, radio play. The bible of sales prior to 1958 was Cashbox Magazine which began in 1942. 133.  What was Billboards first #1? The Chipmunk Song It’s Only Make Believe Poor Little Fool Venus 134.  What singer had the hit? Dave Seville Conway Twitty Ricky Nelson Frankie Avaoln 135.  Who was this singer’s famous father? Desi Arnaz Dean Martin Ozzie Nelson Jerry Lewis Ozzie Nelson was a Big Band leader from the 30s and 40s. Along with his wife and children they had a hugely

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popular show during the early days of television called “The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet.” The show was a real family affair with story lines that echoed the lives of the Nelsons in a wholesome, clean cut and comedic way. In 1957 an episode featured youngest son Ricky singing. It, and subsequent performing episodes, was among the highest rated. This exposure catapulted Ricky Nelson’s musical career and made him a bonafide teen idol. In ’58 Ricky was the on the cover of Life magazine as a teen heart throb. The article was the first to introduce us to a new term, “Teenage Idol.” Before David Bowie, Funkadelic and Elton John one of the first true showman of rock and roll was Little Richard. 136.  What was his first hit? Tutti Frutti Long Tall Sally Good Golly Miss Molly Lucille In 1957 at the height of his career he abruptly retired from the industry. (By 1962 he was performing again). 137.  Why did he quit? Car accident Had to join the Army Went to jail Became a preacher

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Upon returning to the performing Little Richard formed a group in order to maintain some anonymity. 138.  What was this group’s name? The World Famous Upsetters The Hurricanes The Tornados The Cherry Pickers Elvis has left the building. Now a few questions about the King of Rock and Roll. 139.  Elvis lived and died in Graceland in Memphis. Where was he born? Yazoo City Tupelo Clarkdale Itta Bena 140.  What Elvis’ trademarked phrase? Takin’ Care of Business Let’s Get it On Ready, Steady, Go I’m All Shook Up The logo on his plane and other personalized belongings was a lightening bolt with the initials T.C.B. on it. 141.  What was Elvis’ first national TV appearance? The Ed Sullivan Show The Dorsey Brothers Stage Show

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The Milton Berle Show The Louisiana Hayride Elvis appeared six times on the Dorsey Brothers show which broadcast from New York City. His first appearance was January 28, 1956. In wouldn’t be until December that Elvis would make his first debut on the Ed Sullivan Show. 142.  What was Elvis’ first movie? Love Me Tender Loving You Jailhouse Rock King Creole In 1953 Elvis walked into Memphis Recording Service (Sun Records) to record a two-sided single, purportedly as a gift for his mother. However his mother’s birthday had passed and there are questions as to whether the Presleys even owned a record player. Elvis would certainly have been aware of the talent hat had been discovered by Sam Phillips and was hoping to be discovered. 143.  What were the two songs Elvis recorded? “That’s When Your Heartaches Begin” “Blue Moon of Kentucky” “My Happiness” “I’ll Never Stand in Your Way” “It Wouldn’t Be the Same Without You” “That’s Alright (Mama)”

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144.  Who owned Sun Records? Dick Clark Alan Freed Col. Tom Parker Sam Phillips A year and a half later Elvis had his first national hit on Billboard’s chart. 145.  What was Elvis’ first #1 hit? (It was on the Country & Western chart) “ I Forgot to Remember to Forget” “Baby Let’s Play House” “I’m Left, Your Right, She’s Gone” “That’s Alright (Mama)” 146.  What was his first #1 on the Top 100 Pop chart? “Blue Suede Shoes” “Heartbreak Hotel” “Hound Dog” “Love Me Tender” Only nine songs have sold over 20 million copies. Bing Crosby had two of them (“White Christmas” and “Silent Night”). Elvis had one. 147.  What was Elvis’ 20+ million seller? “Viva Las Vegas” “Hound Dog” “Burning Love” “It’s Now Or Never”

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Credited for kick-starting his return to public adulation, on December 3, 1968 Elvis starred in an NBC special show. 148.  What was the show’s original name? Elvis Live Shindig ’68 Comeback Special Prior to this show Elvis hadn’t performed live in almost seven years. One of these appearances (and also one of the few since being discharged from the Army) was a charity event in December of 1961. 149.  What was the occasion for this concert appearance? St. Jude’s Children’s Hospital in Memphis The U.S.S. Arizona Memorial Fundraiser to build the Houston Astrodome Peace Corp. founding Elvis has left the building. If you are a true Elvis fan you’ll have no trouble with this last question about the King of Rock and Roll. 150.  On what date did Elvis pass away? January 8, 1977 August 16, 1977 August 19, 1977 October 14, 1977 He never had a #1 hit and only charted four Top 100 songs; nonetheless this rockabilly singer was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998 after starting his career in the 50s by winning

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an Elvis sound-a-like contest. 151.  Who is this singer? Carl Perkins Buddy Holly Gene Vincent Bobby Darin 152.  What was his biggest hit (#7)? Be-Bop-a-Lula Peggy Sue Blue Suede Shoes Splish Splash In 1954 Disneyland was a hit show on ABC. It was an unabashed promo for the newly opened theme park that featured weekly programming that reflected the various themed areas of the park such as Frontierland, Adventureland, Tomorrowland… 153.  What show inspired by the Frontierland experience begat a national fad of wearing coon-skin caps? Zorro Davy Crockett Daniel Boone The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Here’s the musical tie-in. The theme song from that show (and eventual five-part series) was recorded by separately by four singers in 1955 and all of them charted while running virtually concurrently. It was even #1 in France by a French singer.

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154.  What was the song? “The Bear Necessities” “Old Kentucky Home” “The Ballad of Davy Crockett” “Ghost Riders in the Sky” The original soundtrack for the TV series was performed by the Wellingtons who would go on to perform as house regulars for another ABC show called Shindig that featured the hottest musical acts (both live and via taped performances). 155.  What other ubiquitous television show (from the 60s) did the Wellingtons sing the theme for? Gilligan’s Island The Beverly Hillbillies The Flintstones Batman

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Eddie: ‘When you’re making out, which do you prefer, Sinatra or Mathis?’ Boogie: ‘I like Presley.’ Barry Levinson, Diner (1982)


DOO WOP


W

ith the confluence of musical styles, particularly in the early days of what would become rock and roll there was one style that has remained true to itself. One truism of the genre, you know what it is when you hear it. An offshoot of Barbershop quartets that gained favor in the late 1880s, these vocal harmony groups were predominately African-American and male from their initial appearance in the early 1930s until their cross over blending into rock and roll of the 1950s. Two groups left a bigger footprint and bore more influence than any others: The Mills Brothers and the Ink Spots. The former was four bothers form Ohio that had their first hit in 1931 with “Tiger Rag” and their last in 1968 (#23 on Billboard’s Hot 100) with “Cab Driver.” They unofficially lead the “American Invasion” into Britain by popularizing American rhythm & blues before it gained wide-spread acceptance in America and opened the doors (and ears) of British audiences to Negro music i.e. blues, jazz and spiritual. The Mills Brothers were the first African-American group to have a command performance for British royalty, King George V and Queen Mary in 1934 at the London Palladium. Their style influenced many other groups and singers.

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On the heels of the Mills Brothers’ success came the Ink Spots. Lead by the tenor Bill Kenny, the lofty refrains of the Ink Spots produced a Top Ten song with “If I Didn’t Care.” To date it has sold over 19 million copies, making it the tenth best-selling physical single of all time. No Beatles single outsold it and only one Elvis single did. Groups like the Beach Boys drew heavily on the tight vocal harmonies, as did the Four Seasons. Since country & western had its own styling of integrated harmonies you could perhaps argue that groups like the Eagles borrowed from doo wop. Even Billy Joel paid homage to the genre in the 80s with hits like “Uptown Girl” and “The Longest Time.”

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DOO WOP This genre didn’t even have a name until 1961. Prior to that it was a cog in the wheel of R&B before it evolved into soul. 156.  This song was an R&B #1 in 1954 for the Penguins and in 1955 with the Crew Cuts. Silhouettes Book of Love Come Go With Me Earth Angel 157.  Who had a #1 hit with “The Great Pretender”? Maurice Williams & the Zodiacs The Penguins The Del-Vikings The Platters 158.  Before it was a hit musical, “Smokey Joe’s Café” was a hit for one of the “Bird groups.” The Robins The Flamingos The Orioles The Penguins 248 | The World’s Hardest Music Trivia


159.  Carl Gardner of the above group left to join another hugely popular Doo wop group. What was this group? The Platters The Coasters The Monotones The Diamonds 160.  What was the biggest hit (#2 single for 1957) for the Canadian group The Diamonds? The Stroll Little Darlin’ Come Softly to Me Come Go With Me 161.  This same Diamonds song was released a month earlier by another group. Who were they? The Gladiolas The Crests The Capris The Imperials Maurice Williams, the songwriter, formed another group two years later and had their only #1 hit. 162.  What was the name of his new group? The Zodiacs The Turbans The Fleetwoods The Marcels

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163.  What was the song? Sh-Boom Since I Don’t Have You Stay In the Still of the Night 164.  It was a Top 40 hit in 1964 and again in 1978. Name the artists that charted. Jackson Browne Andy Gibb Barry Manilow Kenny Loggins Maurice Williams was only fifteen years old when he wrote this song. It was inspired by his unsuccessful attempts to get his date to stay out longer than her curfew. With a running time of 1:36 it is the shortest single to go to #1. “Stay” has been recorded by everyone from the Beatles to Bruce Springsteen. The song found a new audience in 1977 when Jason Browne included it on his highly acclaimed Running on Empty album and again ten years later on the “Dirty Dancing” soundtrack. Although it only got to #5 on the Pop charts (#3 on the R&B) this iconic doo wop songs asks us, “(Who Wrote) The Book of Love?” 165.  What group scored a hit with the song? Dion & the Belmonts The Monotones

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The Rays The Marcels 166.  Which 1973 #1 song made reference to this song? You’re So Vain Crocodile Rock We’re an American Band American Pie “…Did you write the Book of Love and do you have faith in God above?” 167.  Which Doo Wop revival/tribute group performed at Woodstock? Sha Na Na Flash Cadillac & the Continental Kids Bill Haley and His Comets Little Anthony & the Imperials One of the novelties surrounding these vocal-harmony ditties was the “answer song” although the trait was not limited to Doo Wop. Early examples are Woody Guthrie’s “This Land is Your Land” in response to Irving Berlin’s “God Bless America,” Paul McCartney’s “Silly Love Songs” to Lennon’s “How Do You Sleep?” and Lynyrd Skynyrd’s “Sweet Home Alabama” which was a throw down to Neil Young’s “Southern Man” and “Alabama.” 168.  What was the answer song to Big Mama Thorton’s “Hound Dog”? (yes it was a hit before Elvis) Bear Cat How Much Is That Doggie in the Window?

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Walking the Dog Cracker Jack Match the numbered “answer song” to the lettered original song 169.  170.  171.  172.  173.  174.  175.  176.  177. 

I Put the Bomp - Frankie Lymon I’m No Run Around - Ginger Davis Yes I’m Lonesome Tonight - Thelma Carpenter Tell Tommy I Miss Him - Marilyn Michaels Oh Neil - Carole King The CajunoQueen - Jimmy Dean That Makes It - Jayne Mansfield I’m a Man - Bo Diddley Mannish Boy - Muddy Waters Hootchie Cootchie Man – Muddy Waters I’m a Man – Bo Diddley Chantilly Lace – The Big Bopper Oh! Carol – Neil Sedaka Who Put the Bomp – Barry Mann Are You Lonesome Tonight? – Pat Boone’s version; not Elvis’ G.  Tell Laura I Love Her – Ray Peterson H.  Runaround Sue - Dion I.  Big Bad John – Jimmy Dean A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F. 

E, H, F, G, D, I C, A, B

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Neil Sedaka and Carole King dated in high school and would later both become songwriters at the famed Brill Building. By now King was married to fellow writer Gerry Goffin who answered Sedaka with this non-charting answer song. Jimmy Dean saved everyone the trouble and recorded his own response to his #1 hit “Big Bad John” when he released “The Cajun Queen” the following year. Amazingly it crept up to #22. Actress Jayne Mansfield was one of the hardest working women in Hollywood. More than just a sex symbol she was one of the biggest box office stars of the mid-fifties and early-sixties. She was a musician, singer, early Playboy Playmate and nightclub performer. She is the mother of Mariska Hargitay from Law & Order: SVU. “That Makes It” was a song taken from her 1966 film The Las Vegas Hillbillys. It’s fair to say that with 12-bar blues there can be a lot of similarity. Muddy Waters released “Hootchie Cootchie Man” in ’54 which begat Bo Diddley’s “I’m a Man” in ‘April of ’55. Waters. With some very minimal re-working Waters came out with his answer song to an answer song.

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HOUND DOG


HOUND DOG Use the cryptic clues on this page to identify a song title and its artist (answers on facing page). 178.  Batman’s sidekick takes wing 179.  Precious metallic avian 180.  Amorous aquatic rodent 181.  Equine incognito 182.  Iris and pupil of apex predator 183.  A couple and a ghostly voice 184.  Papillon 185.  Vietnamese calendar 2011 186.  Ray-finned fish with lots of teeth 187.  Vereen, Kingsley or Franklin

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188.  The kennel door is open 189.  Omnivorous mammal speeds up 190.  Simba takes a nap 191.  Peckish Canis Lupis 192.  Sad Pigeons 193.  Deeds of a camouflaged lizard 194.  Musical crustacean 195.  Hush…Daddy will buy you this 196.  ¿Qué tal? gato 197.  Surprise the rhesus 198.  Fiscally irresponsible canine 199.  Popular Christmas carol


200.  Aquatic reptile turned to stone 201.  Feral horse for actress Field

178.  179.  180.  181.  182.  183.  184.  185.  186.  187.  188.  189.  190.  191.  192.  193.  194.  195.  196.  197.  198.  199.  200.  201. 

“Fly, Robin Fly,” Silver Convention “Silver Bird,” Mark Lindsey “Muskrat Love,” Captain & Tennille “A Horse With No Name,” America “Eye of the Tiger,” Survivor “Me and You and a Dog Named Boo,” Lobo “Butterfly,” Mariah Carey (also Weezer) “ Year of the Cat,” Al Stewart “Baraccuda,” Heart “Ben,” Michael Jackson “Who Let the Dogs Out,” Baha Men “Fox on the Run,” Sweet “The Lion Sleeps Tonight,” The Tokens “Hungry Like a Wolf,” Duran Duran “When Doves Cry,” Prince “Karma Chameleon,” Culture Club “Rock Lobster,” The B-52’s “Mockingbird,” Carly Simon & James Taylor “What’s New Pussycat,” Tom Jones “Shock the Monkey,” Peter Gabriel “Black Dog,” Led Zeppelin “Joy to the World,” Three Dog Night “Crocodile Rock,” Elton John “Mustang Sally,” Wilson Picket

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Shrevie: “Ok, now ask me what’s on the flip side.” Beth: “Why?” Shrevie: “Just, just ask me what’s on the flip side, OK?” Beth: “What is on the flip side?” Shrevie: “Hey, Hey, Hey, 1958. Specialty Records.” [Beth nods blankly] Shrevie: “See? You don’t ask me things like that, do you? No! You never ask me what’s on the flip side.” Beth: “No! Because I don’t give a shit. Shrevie, who cares about what’s on the flip side about the record?” Shrevie: “I do! Every one of my records means something! The label, the producer, the year it was made. Who was copying whose style... who’s expanding on that, don’t you understand? When I listen to my records they take me back to certain points in my life, OK? Just don’t touch my records, ever! You! The first time I met you? Modell’s sister’s high school graduation party, right? 1955. And Ain’t That A Shame was playing when I walked into the door!” Barry Levinson, Diner (1982)

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ONLY THE GOOD DIE YOUNG

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ONLY THE GOOD DIE YOUNG Identify the artist famous for performing each of these titles (answers on facing page). 202.  203.  204.  205.  206.  207.  208.  209.  210.  211.  212.  213.  214.  215.  216. 

Running Bear Teen Angel The Last Kiss Tell Laura I Love Her Dead Man’s Curve Leader of the Pack Ode To Billy Joe In The Ghetto D.O.A. Seasons in the Sun Billy Don’t Be a Hero Run, Joey Run No Surfin’ Today I Don’t Like Mondays Mac the Knife

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217.  Janie’s Got a Gun 218.  The Night the Lights Went Out in Georgia 219.  Delilah 220.  Maxwell’s Silver Hammer 221.  18 and Life 222.  Honey 223.  Shannon 224.  Ohio 225.  You Don’t Mess Around With Jim


Aerosmith Vicki Lawrence Elvis Presley Dead Man’s Curve Bloodrock The Beatles Bobby Gentry Tom Jones Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young J.  Bobby Darin K.  Johnny Preston L.  Frank Wilson and the Cavaliers

A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G.  H.  I. 

M.  The Shangri-Las N.  Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods O.  David Geddes P.  The Boomtown Rats Q.  Terry Jacks R.  The Four Seasons S.  Henry Gross T.  Mark Denning U.  Ray Peterson V.  Bobby Goldsboro W.  Skid Row X.  Jim Croce

K, T, L, U, D, M, G, C, E, Q, N, O, R, P, J, A, B, H, F, W, V, S, I, X

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FIRST LINES


FIRST LINES The following are the first lines of popular songs. Match the lines with the song titles on the next page. 226.  “All the leaves are brown and the sky is grey.” 227.  “I love the colorful clothes she wears.” 228.  “As they pulled you out of the oxygen tent, you asked for the latest party.” 229.  “Dirty old river, must you keep rolling, flowing into the night.” 230.  “We skipped the light fandango. Turned cartwheels cross the floor.” 231.  “She keeps her Moet et Chandon in her pretty cabinet ‘Let them eat cake’ she says just like Marie Antoinette.” 232.  “Johnny’s in the basement mixing up the medicine. I’m on the pavement thinking about the government.” 233.  “I used to bite my tongue and hold my breath scared to rock the boat and make a mess.” 234.  “Stars appear and the shadows are fallin’ You can hear my heart callin’.” 235.  “The local rock group down the street is trying hard to

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236.  237.  238.  239.  240.  241.  242.  243.  244.  245.  246.  247. 

learn their song.” “Madman drummers bummers and Indians in the summer with a teenage diplomat.” “Load up on guns, bring your friends. It’s fun to lose and to pretend.” “A long, long time ago and I can still remember.” “I come home in the morning light, my mother says when you gonna live your life right.” “I saw him dancing there by the record machine I knew he must have been about seventeen.” Swaying room as the music starts Strangers making the most of the dark.” “Livin’ on sponge cake watching the sun bake all those tourists covered with oil.” “There’s talk on the street; it sounds so familiar Great expectations, everybody’s watching you.” “I look out my window watch her as she passes by.” “So many nights I sit by my window Waiting for someone to sing me his song.” “I’m saying all the things that I know you’ll like, making good conversation.” “If I should stay I would only be in your way.”

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American Pie (Don Mclean) Killer Queen (Queen) I Love Rock and Roll I Will Always Love You California Dreaming (The Mamas & the Papas) Whiter Shade of Pale (Procol Harum) Blinded By the Light (Bruce Springsteen and Manfred Mann) H.  Pleasant Valley Sunday (The Monkees) I.  Margaritaville J.  Good Vibrations (The Beach Boys) K.  Girls Just Wanna Have Fun (Cindi Lauper) L.  New Kid In Town M.  You Light Up My Life N.  Diamond Dogs (David Bowie) O.  Physical P.  Waterloo Sunset (The Kinks) Q.  Just My Imagination R.  Roar (Katy Perry) S.  Crazy For You T.  Subterranean Homesick Blues (Bob Dylan) U.  Smells Like Teen Spirit (Nirvana) V.  Oh, Boy! (Buddy Holly)

A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G. 

E, J, N, P, F, B, T, R, V, H, G, U, A, K, C, S, I, L, Q, M, O, D,

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THE EIGHTIES


F

ormer Hollywood actor Ronald Reagan was elected the 40th President of the United States. As one of his last acts in office President Jimmy Carter proclaimed that the U.S. would boycott the 1980 Olympics to be held in Moscow as the result of the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan.

Carlos the Jackal continued his terrorist campaigns in Europe and was the subject of books by both Robert Ludlum in his Bourne trilogies and Tom Clancy’s “Rainbow Six.” The I.R.A. stepped up its bombing of London and Britain. After 444 days being held captive by Iranian students, 52 American hostages were released. The United States was gripped by the worst economic recession in history. On Wall Street, “Greed was good.” CNN became the first 24 hour news service on the fledgling cable television services. Mark David Chapman greets John Lennon and Yoko Ono outside their New York residence, the Dakota, and has the former Beatle sign latest album, Double Fantasy. Five hours later upon the couple’s return home from a recording session, Chapman shots Lennon dead; sits down on the sidewalk and awaits the police.

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MOVIES tickets average $3.55 1980 – The Empire Strikes Back, Airplane!, Caddyshack, Mad Max 1981 – Raiders of the Lost Ark, On Golden Pond, Stripes, Fame 1982 – E.T., Diner, Poltergeist, Gandhi, Rocky III 1983 – Return of the Jedi, Flashdance, War Games, The Right Stuff 1984 – Beverly Hills Cop, Ghostbusters, Footloose, The Terminator 1985 – Back to the Future, The Breakfast Club, The Color Purple 1986 – Top Gun, Crocodile Dundee, Aliens, Ferris Bueller’s Day Off 1987 – Broadcast News, Full Metal Jacket, Dirty Dancing, Predator 1988 – Big, Die Hard, Bull Durham, Rain Man, Who Framed Roger Rabbit? 1989 – Batman, When Harry Met Sally, The Little Mermaid

TELEVISION Roseanne, The Cosby Show, Cheers, The Wonder Years, L.A. Law, A-Team, Family Ties, Dallas, Miami Vice, Moonlighting, Murphy Brown, The Love Boat, Magnum P.I., Hill Street Blues, Family Ties...

COST OF LIVING Gallon of gas – $1.20 House – $89,000 Car – $9,000 Bread – $0.55 Postage stamp – $0.20

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THE EIGHTIES At one minute after midnight on August 1, 1980 MTV went on the air and not only ushered in a new age of music and pop stars but gave us a new word: VJ (Video Jockey) 248.  What was the first song/video MTV played? Thriller Money For Nothing We Got the Beat Video Killed the Radio Stars 249.  Name the group Dire Straits The Go Go’s The Buggles Michael Jackson The Buggle’s version was a cover of Bruce Wooley & the Camera Club, which is somewhat incestuous in that Trevor Horn and Geoff Downes who co-wrote the song with Wooley were all former members of Camera Club, as was keyboardist Thomas (“She Blinded

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Me With Science.” Horn and Downes later joined Yes when Jon Anderson and Rick Wakeman quit. Those should have been two easy questions. Here’s two harder ones… 250.  What was the second song/video? Brass in Pocket In the Air Tonight Baker Street You Better Run 251.  Name the artist The Pretenders Gerry Rafferty Pat Benatar Phil Collins MTV not only made stars of the performers it could launch the careers of people that appeared in them 252.  What future star of Friends got her break when seen dancing with Bruce Springsteen in one of his 1984 music videos? Courtney Cox Lisa Kudrow Jennifer Aniston Jessica Hecht

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253.  Which video was it? Born in the U.S.A. Dancing in the Dark Glory Days Pink Cadillac Springsteen has always been known for his Herculean concert performances. The “Dancing in the Dark” video was directed by Brian DePalma and was completely staged (literally) to create the look and feel of one of the Boss’s concerts. Though his previous four albums had all cracked the Top 5 he had no Top 10 singles since “Hungry Heart” charted #5 four years earlier. It was important to Sprinsteen’s manager John Landau that his client have an assured hit on the upcoming Born in the U.S.A. album so “Dancing in the Dark” was quickly written, featuring a very catchy pop beat and released prior to the album’s debut. To date it is Bruce Springsteen’s biggest-selling single, aided no doubt from the heavy rotation it received on MTV. For Cox it was her “big break” being cast as a front row fan being pulled onto stage to dance with Springsteen. A slew of TV appearances followed, including a stint as Alex P. Keaton’s girlfriend in Family Ties. Ten years later she would land the role of Monica on Friends.

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254.  What rap group had a 1986 hit (#5) with an Aerosmith song? N.W.A. The Beastie Boys Public Enemy Run DMC Aerosmith hadn’t had a Top 10 single in over ten years when “Walk This Way” was re-issued in 1976. The music video featured Aerosmith performing a somewhat lack-luster rendition of the song in a rehearsal studio with Run DMC trying to rehearse in the adjacent room. The walls of musical genres are literally broken down as the two groups combine in the final concert scene. The successful music video served to introduce Run DMC to a more mainstream audience as well as resurrecting Aerosmith’s career. When this song was released it resulted in an unprecedented number of phone calls to the girl mentioned in the song. 255.  What was the name of the song (Billboard Hot 100 #4)? Jenny, Jenny 867-5309 Jenny, Jenny/867-5309 867-5309/Jenny

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256.  Who was the group? The Human League Tommy Tutone The J. Geils Band Soft Cell Tommy Tutone became a One Hit Wonder when “867-5309/Jenny” peaked at #4 in 1981. The subsequent flurry of calls to this exchange caused no end of inconvenience to anyone unfortunate enough to have the number. As no area code was mentioned in the song, between Canada and the U.S. there were about 100 potential households or businesses whose numbers could be inundated with calls. On July 3, 2014 Tampa Bay Rays manager Joe Madden based his starting lineup on the song, 8-6-7-5-3-0-9, with the 9 being the designated hitter. For the record (and the score sheet) the Rays lost to the Detroit Tigers 8-1. 257.  What was Robert Palmer’s only U.S. #1 hit? Simply Irresistible Addicted To Love Didn’t Mean to Turn You On Some Like it Hot Aside from featuring some very sexy women that obviously had no idea how to make it look like they could play instruments the video served as the inspiration for the “Christmas is All Around,” a video that was fea-

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tured in the 2003 movie Love Actually, featuring Bill Nighy as aging rock star Billy Mack who was intent on making a come back. 258.  Queen only had two U.S. #1 songs – one at the end of 1979 and the other in 1980. What were they? We Are the Champions Crazy Little Thing Called Love Another One Bites the Dust Bohemian Rhapsody Killer Queen/Fat Bottom Girls Don’t Stop Me Now It’s interesting to compare the charts between the U.S. and the U.K. The Brits tended to appreciate American blues much more than their American cousins as songs of that genre tended to chart higher in England. Americans hung on to our love affair with the Beatles longer than the Brits based on chart position. “Another One Bites the Dust” was #1 in the U.S. but only #7 in the U.K., whereas “Under Pressure” (with David Bowie) was top of the charts in the U.K. but only went to #29 in the States. 259.  The Bangles had a hit with “Hazy Shade of Winter.” Who wrote the song? Prince Simon & Garfunkel Tom Petty George Harrison

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Nineteen years after Simon & Garfunkel released the song as a single, where it climbed to #13 in the U.S., the Bangles offered it up as their contribution for the Less Than Zero soundtrack. Like the Simon & Garfunkel’s before them, the Bangles version was only released as a single and was blocked from reaching #1 by Tiffany’s “Could’ve Been.” 260.  Who wrote their hit “Manic Monday”? Prince Simon & Garfunkel Tom Petty George Harrison Whether he was hoping to score with Susanna Hoffs or he just knew a good band when he heard one Prince gave “Manic Monday” to the Bangles. He had recorded it two years earlier with Apollonia 6 but decided not to release it. It became the Bangles first hit single (#2) upon it’s release in 1986. 261.  Name the members of the Go-Gos? Susanna Hoffs Charlotte Caffey Deborah Harry Kathy Valentine Jane Weidlin Belinda Carlisle Kim Gordon Gina Schock Julie Ritter Gretchen Seager

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Deborah Harry was of course the lead singer of Blondie. Kim Gordon was with Sonic Youth, while both Julie Ritter and Gretchen Seager fronted the alternative rock band Mary’s Danish. The Bangles and the Go-Go’s were contemporaries, each being commercially successful all-girl groups. 262.  Which of the two groups sold more albums? The Bangles - two platinum albums 263.  Had more top 30 singles? The Bangles - eight top 30 singles 264.  Had more #1 singles? The Bangles - two #1 singles The Go Go’s had one platinum album, four top 30 singles, no #1 singles. So the Bangles were the commercially bankable, although the Go Go’s seemed to get all the press. This 80s personality was discovered while she was a cheerleader/ dancer for the L.A. Lakers. She went on to become a successful singer, choreographer, and TV hostess. 265.  Who is she? Madonna Paula Abdul Toni Basil Carmen Electra

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Paula was perhaps the original Valley Girl, growing up as she did in the San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles. A trained dancer of many disciplines she was chosen for the Lakers dance/cheer squad while just a freshman at CSUN (Northridge). Within a year she assumed the reins of choreographer. 266.  Who discovered her as a Lakers girl? The Jacksons Jack Nicholson Dyan Cannon Arsenio Hall One thing the L.A. Lakers were not missing was star power courtside, and not just on their bench. Many Hollywood A-listed attended the games, including Jack Nicholson, Dyan Cannon, Andy Garcia, Ice Cube, Penny Marshall and Denzel Washington. Among them were the Jacksons, who were no strangers to choreography. They approached Paula to stage their video Torture. Abdul’s debut album, Forever Your Girl, took 64 weeks to reach #1 after first entering the Billboard 200 chart, making it the longest trip to #1. It went on to produce four #1 singles – “Straight Up,” “Forever Your Girl,” “Cold Hearted” and “Opposites Attract.” Another former cheerleader had her only #1 hit and accompanying video in 1982 wearing her Las Vegas High School cheerleader uniform.

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267.  Who is this performer? Madonna Paula Abdul Toni Basil Carmen Electra 268.  What was her only hit single (#1)? Hey Mickey Girls Just Wanna Have Fun I’m In Line Mickey 269.  An award winning choreographer she was also co-founder of what groundbreaking street dance group? The Lockers The Poppers The Electric Company The Breakers For most casual (or younger) music fans their only point of reference for this incredibly versatile performer was her One-Hit Wonder “Mickey.” In truth, her career stretches back to the 1960s when she was a performer and choreographer on the TV show Shindig!, a popular youth oriented program that showcased both live and taped performance by the hottest acts of the time. She choreographed the Monkees’ movie Head and appeared on Saturday Night Live and a variety of talk shows with her group the Lockers. She also co-direct-

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ed and choreographed David Bowie’s “Glass Spider” tour, as well as directed and choreographed the Bolshoi Circus. Eddie Money’s biggest hit was “Take Me Home Tonight” reaching #4 and produced a high-rotation music video. 270.  What 60s original bad-girl of rock provided the refrain and appeared in the video? Tina Turner Ronnie Spector Ann Margaret Diana Ross 271.  What did Eddie Money do professionally before becoming a musician? Helicopter pilot Cop Soap opera actor Schoolteacher As the lead of the 60s girl group the Ronettes, Ronnie Spector enjoyed several Top 40 hits, including “Be My Baby” on which Cher was a backup singer in her pre-Sonny & Cher days. Eddie Money was barely hanging on to his career when Columbia pretty much insisted that he record “Take Me Home Tonight,” a song he was less than excited about. Money still had enough influence to get Ronnie Spector to add her voice to the chorus by singing, “Be

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my, be my baby.” Amazingly enough the 80s were more than Michael Jackson and Madonna. Springsteen, Joel and Petty were still on top. Older artists made a comeback with the likes of Tina Turner. More importantly the 80s introduced the compact disc, the first major technological advancement to music since the introduction of the 7” single in 1948. 272.  First group to release a CD single? Dire Straits Mary’s Danish Hanson Aerosmith Dire Straits released a promotional in the U.K. CD featuring four songs in advance of their 1985 World Tour. The band was one of the first (if not the first) to record digitally. Brothers in Arms was recorded in Montserrat at AIR Studios which was owned by Sir George Martin and John Burgess. 273.  What artist was the first to release their album on a CD? Billy Joel Bruce Springsteen ABBA Chopin

274.  What was the album?

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52nd Street Born in the U.S.A. The Visitors Claudio Arrau We’re going to split hairs here and even then there’s a good chance that the answer will be wrong. Here goes… Early sales of the new CD format were marketed to high end audiophiles; i.e. people that had the money to invest in a new audio system which was by no means cheap when first introduced. It was determined that listeners of classical music fit that niche so the first wave of CDs were classical. To that end Claudio Arrau’s recordings of Chopin waltzes was produced August 17, 1982, though I can’t confirm the release date. ABBA’s The Visitors was recorded digitally at the Polar Studios in Stockholm beginning November of ’81. Billy Joel’s 52nd Street was an analog recording from 1978 and released October 1, 1982 in Japan just ahead of The Visitor. As for mass produced, commercially released CDs in the U.S. that honor goes to Bruce Springsteen’s Born in the U.S.A. which began rolling off the presses (if that’s what CDs do…) shortly after the opening of the first pressing plant in the U.S. 275.  First group/singer to have a CD sell over a million copies Dire Straits Bruce Springsteen The Beatles

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Michael Jackson The album was Brothers in Arms.

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WE DIDN’T START THE FIRE


WE DIDN’T START THE FIRE Billy Joel is one of the biggest selling songwriter/singers in history, having compiled over 150 million in sales spanning 18 albums (not including boxed sets and greatest hits compilations) as well as 60 singles. With the exception of two songs that were released in 2007, Joel has not written or recorded anything new since 1993. Of Joel’s 33 Billboard Top 40 hits (only) three were number one. The last song to top the charts was “We Didn’t Start the Fire.” 276.  Name the other two songs that hit #1 The River of Dreams Uptown Girl Tell Her About It My Life It’s Still Rock and Roll to Me Piano Man Just the Way You Are The Longest Time Regarding “We Didn’t Start the Fire”… Joel has said that he isn’t particularly fond of it and that it was one of the worst melodies

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he had ever written. Lyrically however it is a rapid-fire recitation that bullet points over one hundred headline-grabbing incidents that occurred in the forty years between Joel’s birth and the songs release in 1989. Here’s a primer of some of them (or are they?) Which of the people or events listed below are mentioned in the song “We Didn’t Start the Fire.” Answers on the next page. 277.  278.  279.  280.  281.  282.  283.  284.  285.  286.  287.  288.  289.  290.  291.  292.  293.  294.  295.  296. 

Ole Miss Marilyn Monroe Luis Aparicio Neil Armstrong Queen of England The Chicago 7 Charlie Manson Hula Hoops Women’s Lib Payola Malcolm X Birth control Watergate Muhammad Ali H-bomb Broadway Joe Budapest Berlin Wall Three Mile Island Dolly the sheep

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Ole Miss – 1962, James Meredith is the first African-American to enroll at the University of Mississippi. President Kennedy sent in U.S. Marshals to enforce Meredith’s constitutional right to attend. Marilyn Monroe – 1950, Movie star. Not the first but one of the most iconic and everlasting sex symbols and the inspiration for Madonna’s “Material Girl.” Queen of England (England’s got a new Queen) – 1952, Elizabeth II ascends to the throne after the death of her father King George VI. In September of 2015 Elizabeth became the longest reining monarch in British history. Hula Hoops – 1958, A fad that both adults and children embraced. One of the fastest selling toys in history. It’s a staple act in the Russian circus. Payola – 1960, A Pay-for-Play scandal of national proportions where DJs received bribes to play certain songs. Allen Freed, the man credited with coining the term “Rock and Roll” was convicted. Malcolm X – 1963, Converted to the Nation of Islam while in prison, this son of a Baptist minister was the firebrand of the Black Muslim movement. Originally preaching the separation of the races he later split from the teachings of radical Islam and worked toward racial equality until he was assassinated in 1965.

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Birth Control – 1960, “The Pill” is an oral contraceptive that, more than preventing pregnancy, gave women a choice in their reproductive cycle for the first time and is considered the birth (pardon the pun) of the Sexual Revolution. Watergate – 1972, Members of President Nixon’s inner circle masterminded a break-in of the Democratic Party headquarters which was foiled. The ensuing denials and cover-ups resulted in Nixon resigning in disgrace before he could be impeached. The “gate” suffix for any scandal or cover-up, whether perceived or legit, comes form Watergate. H-Bomb – 1951, Not content with the destructive power of the atomic bomb the U.S. developed the hydrogen bomb that was hundreds of times more powerful than the A-Bombs dropped on Japan in WWII. When the Soviet Union developed their own H-Bomb two years later (something many in America didn’t think possible) it ushered in the Nuclear Age which reached heights of hysteria in 1957 when the USSR launched Sputnik, the first man-made satellite. The other people or events suggested above were also in the news during that time but not specifically mentioned in “We Didn’t Start the Fire.” If you want to split hairs, Neil Armstrong wasn’t mentioned but “Moon shot” was. The only astronauts mentioned were, John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth and “Space Monkey” in reference to monkeys and chimps

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that were sent into space before men were given the all-clear. Joel rarely sings this song in concert because, as he says, “It’s a nightmare to perform live, because if I miss one word, it’s a train wreck.” There are quite a few songs by other artists that mention either “fire” or “burning.” 297.  Can you name at least ten? Here are just a few… “Fire Woman” – Sonic Temple “Burning Down the House” – Talking Heads “Burnin’ for You” – Blue Oyster Cult “Jump Into the Fire” –Harry Nilsson “Set Fire to the Rain” - Adele “Fire Down Below” – Bob Seger “I’m on Fire” – Bruce Springsteen “Streets of Fire” – Bruce Springsteen “Fire” – Bruce Springsteen “Serpentine Fire” – Earth, Wind & Fire “Fire and Rain” – James Taylor “Fire & Ice” – Pat Benatar “Play With Fire” – Rolling Stones “Fire” – The Jimi Hendrix Experience “Sex on Fire” – Kings of Leon “Light My Fire” – The Doors (and Jose Feliciano) “Great Balls of Fire” – Jetty Lee Lewis

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SOUNDTRACK OF THE EIGHTIES


SOUNDTRACK OF THE EIGHTIES From the first “Talkies” of motion pictures’ early days music has played an integral part in establishing mood, emotion, location, time, irony and overall tone. The final scene of 1967’s “The Graduate” poignantly portrayed the uncertainties of the young couple Benjamin and Elaine as they literately run away from the safe-choices and life’s path they are expected to make and instead blindly head down the highway of uncertainty. (spoiler alert fifty years in the making) We watch Ben and Elaine as they sit in the back of the bus, staring straight ahead, not speaking, each lost in their own thoughts as Simon and Garfunkel’s classic song “The Sound of Silence” underscores the scene. Although the sound had been released two years early and not written specifically for the movie it provided the perfect ending not just to a movie but to a generation in transition. Perhaps it was the advent of music videos or the consolidation of movie studios and record companies but the Eighties saw a huge tiein of popular singers and movie soundtracks. Some singers seemed to only produce theme songs like Jennifer Warnes whose 1979 “It Goes Like it Goes” from Norma Rae received the Academy Award for Best Original Song and went on to sing for eight other films.

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The following are songs that were, in many cases, tacked on to the end credits of popular movies in a shameless pursuit of soundtrack album sales and perhaps even an Academy Award for Best Original Song. Match the songs in this list with a movie soundtrack on which it appeared on the facing page. “My Way” – the Sex Pistols “Paint it Black – The Rolling Stones “Don’t You Forget About Me” – Simple Minds “The Heat is On” – Pointer Sisters “Hazy Shade of Winter” – The Bangles “Into the Groove” – Madonna “Let’s Hear it For the Boy” – Deniece Williams “I Can Dream About You” – Dan Hartman “Call Me” – Blondie “Fight the Power” – Public Enemy “The Power of Love” – Huey Lewis & the News “Danger Zone” – Kenny Loggins “Crazy For You” – Madonna “If You Leave” – Orchestral Manoeuvres In The Dark “A Kind of Magic” – Queen “Nothing’s Going To Stop Us Now” – Starship “Magic Dance” – David Bowie “We Don’t Need Another Hero” – Tina Turner “Put a Little Love in Your Heart” – Annie Lennox & Al Green 317.  “Oh Yeah” – Yello 318.  “I’m Alright” – Kenny Loggins 298.  299.  300.  301.  302.  303.  304.  305.  306.  307.  308.  309.  310.  311.  312.  313.  314.  315.  316. 

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319.  “In Your Eyes” – Peter Gabriel 320.  “I Melt With You”- Modern English 321.  “Hungry Eyes” – Eric Carmen A.  Back To The Future B.  Full Metal Jacket C.  Ferris Bueller’s Day Off D.  The Breakfast Club E.  Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome F.  American Gigolo G.  Good Fellas H.  Top Gun I.  Less Than Zero J.  Streets of Fire K.  Vision Quest L.  Dirty Dancing M.  Scrooged N.  Mannequin O.  Pretty in Pink P.  Say Anything Q.  Valley Girl R.  Beverly Hills Cop S.  Footloose T.  Do The Right Thing U.  Desperately Seeking Susan V.  Highlander

G, B, D, R, I, U, S, J, F, T, A, H ,K, O, W, N, X, E, M, C, Y, P, Q, L

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I can’t tell you what I had for breakfast, but I can sing every single word of rock and roll. Patty Duke


REAL TO REEL NAMES


REAL TO REEL NAMES Match these real-life names to the stage names of the famous musicians on the facing page. 322.  323.  324.  325.  326.  327.  328.  329.  330.  331.  332.  333.  334.  335.  336.  337.  338.  339. 

Stuart Goddard Francis Avallone Patricia Andrejewski John Bongiovi Ernest Evans Cherilyn Sarkisian David Cortland Virginia Hensley Vincent Furnier Declan McManus John Mellencamp Walden Cassotto John Deutschendorf Otha McDaniel Robert Zimmerman Ellen Cohen Dan Seals George O’Dowd

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340.  341.  342.  343.  344.  345.  346.  347. 

James Hendricks Charles Holley William Broad Robert Smith Thomas Woodword Reginald Dwight K.C. (of the Sunshine Band) Roberta Anderson

A.  Elton John B.  Buddy Holly C.  Bob Dylan D.  Jimi Hendrix E.  John Cougar F.  Cher G.  Frankie Avalon H.  Pat Benatar I.  Adam Ant J.  Jon Bon Jovi K.  England Dan L.  Tom Jones M.  David Crosby

N.  Bo Diddley O.  Chubby Checker P.  Patsy Cline Q.  Boy George R.  Mama Cass S.  Wolfman Jack T.  Elvis Costello U.  Alice Cooper V.  Bobby Darin W.  John Denver X.  Billy Idol Y.  Harry Casey Z.  Joni Mitchell

I, G, H, J, O, F, M, P, U, T, E, V, W, N, C, R, K, Q, D, B, X, S, L, A, Y, Z

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The ‘60s are gone, dope will never be as cheap, sex never as free, and the rock and roll never as great. Abbie Hoffman


THE SIXTIES


T

he U.S. economy was literally firing on all cylinders. Detroit was producing 93% of all cars sold in America and exporting another 43% of the world’s. In 1964 Ford introduced the Mustang, a new breed of sports car the pony car - small and powerful. Chevy brought out the Camaro in ’67 to go head to head with the Mustang. Dodge’s answer was the Charger and two companies that no longer exist but were very much active players in the car wars were Pontiac with their GTO and Plymouth with the Barracuda. These cars were no-nonsense, no frills steel bodies wrapped around a 400 horse power V8 engine. A push button radio and power front disc brakes were offered as options. In November of 1960 John Kennedy was the elected the 35th President of the U.S. He was young and charismatic, as was his wife Jackie. Although not wildly supported by the old-guard politicians of Washington, his vigor and vision resonated with America’s youth. Under his brief tenure Kennedy and his administration backed an unsuccessful coup of Cuba to over through Fidel Castro who had himself over thrown Batista, the former President/Dictator of Cuba, scarcely two years before. The Bay of Pigs (as it was called) fiasco set the stage for the strained U.S.–Cuban relations throughout eight U.S. presidents and 45 years. The Soviet Union supported Castro and Cuba, and because the

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United States had recently deployed nuclear missiles on its border with Turkey, the Soviets begun shipping missiles to Cuba which was well within first-strike distance of mainland America. In October of 1962, in what has been come to known as the “Cuban Missile Crisis,” Kennedy and Khrushchev took the world as close as we had ever been, before or since, to worldwide nuclear war. Kennedy blockaded the international waters surrounding Cuba and threatened to prevent any ships

MOVIES tickets average $1.00 1960 – Psycho, Spartacus, G.I Blues, Swiss Family Robinson 1961 – West Side Story, Breakfast at Tiffany’s, 1962 – Dr. No, Lawrence of Arabia, The Music Man, To Kill a Mockingbird 1963 – From Russia With Love, The Birds, The Pink Panther 1964 – Mary Poppins, My Fair Lady, A Hard Day’s Night 1965 – The Sound of Music, Doctor Zhivago, Thunderball, Help! 1966 – Alfie, Blow-up, Georgy Girl, The Good, The Bad and the Ugly, Fantastic Voyage 1967 – The Graduate, Bonnie and Clyde, The Dirty Dozen, The Jungle Book 1968 – 2001: A Space Odyssey, Planet of the Apes, Oliver!, The Odd Couple 1969 – Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, Easy Rider, True Grit

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TELEVISION The Andy Griffith Show, The Beverly Hillbillies, The Ed Sullivan Show, The Wonderful World of Disney, Mutual of Omaha’s Wild Kingdom, Bewitched, Get Smart, The Monkees, The Man From U.N.C.L.E., Gunsmoke, The Twilight Zone, The Beverly Hillbillies, I Dream of Jeannie, Hogan’s Heroes...

COST OF LIVING Gallon of gas – $0.31 House – $13,500 Car – $2,700 Loaf of Bread – $0.20 Postage stamp – $0.06 Candy Bar – $0.05 45” single – $0.69 LP album – $3.00

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THE SIXTIES 348.  Which group from the 60’s took its name from a Muddy Water’s hit from the 1940’s? Creedance Clearwater Rival The Grass Roots The Rolling Stones Bad Company Not only did the Stones get their name from the song, Jan Wenner found inspiration in it when he founded Rolling Stone magazine. This 17-year old girl from Scotland was one of the youngest singers to join the early British Invasion. Her biggest hit was the title song of a movie that starred Sydney Poitier. 349.  Who is the singer? Lulu Dusty Springfield Petula Clark Shirley Bassey

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350.  What was the song? (hint - it was also the name of the movie) Alfie Georgy Girl To Sir With Love Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner 351.  What is her real name? Mary O’Brien Petula Clark Marie Lawrie Cilla Black Full credit if you knew her whole name: Marie McDonald McLaughlin Lawrie. Her first hit was “Shout” in 1964 when she was just fifteen-years old. In 1969 Lulu married Maurice Gibb of the Bee Gees but the marriage only lasted four years. Lulu toured with the Hollies in 1966, which included performances in Poland, which at that time was a Soviet satellite country. “To Sir With Love” wasn’t her only movie title song. She also sang the title song from a 1974 movie of the same name. 352.  Name the song or movie (either way it’s the same answer) The Man With the Golden Gun Benji Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore The Little Prince Sadly for Lulu this was the only Bond theme that

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didn’t chart. Even the composer John Barry said he hated the song. Charles Schlutz, the creator of Peanuts, sued this group for copyright infringement for this novelty song. 353.  Name the song Snoopy vs the Red Baron Charlie Brown Happiness is a Warm Puppy Alley Oop 354.  Name the group The Red Coats The Royal Guardsmen Chad and Jeremy Paul Revere and the Raiders In 1965 Snoopy first took on the Red Baron when he piloted his WWI Sopwith Camel (which looked suspiciously like his doghouse) in the daily “Peanuts” strips. Not bad for a dog that had only been walking eight years. By the mid-sixties Snoopy was fast becoming a cult hero. In 1969 the lunar module of Apollo 10 was named Snoopy. After Its the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown was aired in October of ’68 Snoopy’s popularity was through the roof. The British Invasion-sounding group the Royal Guardsmen (they were actually from Tampa, FL) released Snoopy vs the Red Baron in December of ’66

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and it shot (pun intended) to #2 just behind the Monkees “I’m a Believer.” The lawsuit was eventually settled and the Royal Guardsmen released several more Snoopy related songs, including “Snoopy’s Christmas” the following year which went to #1 on a special Billboard Christmas chart. As for groups with a cartoon reference this duo started their career as “Tom and Jerry” before wisely changing their name. 355.  Who do we know them as? Chad and Jeremy Peter and Gordon The Everly Brothers Simon & Garfunkel The duo started performing in high school. They had a #49 hit with “Hey, Schoolgirl.” They split up twice before reuniting in 1966 after their previously released “Sound of Silence” went to #1 after being remixed, unbeknownst to them. Here’s the original names of some famous groups or duos from the Sixties. Who did they become? 356.  357.  358.  359. 

Caesar and Clio The Pendletones The Primettes The Golliwogs

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360.  361.  362.  363.  364.  365.  366.  367.  368.  369.  370.  A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G.  H. 

Barry and the Twins The Detours Smile Architectural Abdabs Chad Allan and the Reflections Metropolis Blues Quartet Wicked Lester The New Yardbirds The Iveys Jimmy James & The Blue Flames The Hawks Led Zeppelin The Bee Gees KISS Jimi Handrix The Supremes Sonny and Cher The Band The Band

I.  The Beach Boys J.  Badfinger K.  Creedence Clearwater Revival L.  The Yardbirds M.  Pink Floyd N.  The Guess Who O.  Queen

E, J, B, G, O, M, N, K, C, A, I, D, G, F, H

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In the 60’s & early 70’s cereal companies would manufacture records into the back of their cereal boxes; aptly named “cereal box singles.” You would carefully (or not) cut out the record, punch a hole in the middle and then place it on a magic box and it would play music. (I’m not making this up.) 371.  Name at least five groups or singers that were featured on these records (some were more animated than others) Bobby Goldsboro Josie & the Pussycats The Banana Splits The Jackson 5 The Archies Donny Osmond The Monkees The Groovie Ghoulies Bobby Sherman H.R. Pufnstuf Scooby-Doo The Partridge Family Both the Beatles and the Monkees issued trading cards, or bubble gum cards as they were also known because each 5¢ pack included a pink, talcy, rock hard and virtually inedible stick of gum inside. 372.  What card company produced the Beatles’ cards? Topps Fleer Donruss Leaf, Inc.

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373.  What company issued the cards of the Monkees? Topps Fleer Donruss Leaf, Inc. The cards were released with “Raybert Prod” printed on them but it was Donruff that printed the cards.

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Half of the modern world goes back as far as Pearl Jam. The real historians go back to U2. But they need to go back further. They have to go back to the ‘50s and ‘60s, where things started. That’s how you get to be your own personality, by studying the masters. Rock and roll was white kids trying to make black music and failing, gloriously! Steven Van Zandt


HITsVILLE U.S.A.


HITSVILLE U.S.A. Motown was founded Jan. 12, 1959 as Tamla Records by Barry Gordy in Detroit, Michigan. Although it, and its subsidiary labels (Tamla, Gordy, V.I.P. and Soul) never outsold the Big Four labels of CBS, RCA it was arguably the most important label of popular music bringing, as it did, the R&B, Soul sounds to a mainstream, white audience. 374.  What was the name of the first act signed to Motown? The Matadors The Shirelles The Chiffons Mary Wells The Matadors became Smokey Robinson and the Miracles became just after signing with Motown. Their first single was an answer song to the Silhouettes hit “Get a Job” entitled (and I know this sounds like a stretch) “Got a Job.” Smokey and Motown were a perfect match. He wrote many of the labels hit songs for himself and other groups. The Miracles were hugely successful. He

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became Motown’s vice president and married Barry Gordy’s daughter. 375.  What was Motown’s first song to crack Billboard’s Hot 100? He’s So Fine Money Shop Around Bye Bye Baby 376.  Who had the hit with it? Barrett Strong Mary Wells The Miracles The Ronettes Written by Barry Gordy “Money (That What I Want)” not only provided Motown with their first hit. Not surprisingly, it was #2 on Billboard Hot R&B Sides but only #23 on the Hot 100. Soon the Motown side would break down many of the racial barriers that separated listeners. Even early British bands added it to their live performance and it was recorded by the Beatles but never released as a single in the U.S. It was however the B-side to the Japanese release of “Please Mr. Postman.” 377.  What was Motown’s first #1 hit? Shop Around Please Mr. Postman Do You Love Me? He’s So Fine

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378.  Who released the song? The Marvelettes The Contours Mary Wells The Chiffons The debut release for the Marvelettes reached #1 toward to end of 1961. The Beatles did release this as a single just before Beatlemania hit but it was only a modest hit for them. In 1975 another group notched a #1 hit with the same song 379.  What was the name of this group? Grand Funk Railroad Carpenters Fleetwood Mac Wings Richard and Karen Carpenter notched their 12th gold record with their version of the song which also brought it to the top of the charts fourteen years after the original. 380.  What was Motown’s first million selling single? Shop Around He’s So Fine Please Mr. Postman To Know Him is to Love Him Most of the music for these hits was recorded by a tight knit group

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of studio musicians and then the singers would add their voices to the mix. 381.  What name did these studio musicians record under? The Funk Brothers The Love Unlimited Orchestra The Wrecking Crew The Wall of Sound The Wrecking Crew was an LA. based studio group. The Wall of Sound was a description of Phil Spector’s production: big and brassy and highly polished. Many members of the Wrecking Crew played on Spector’s hits. The Funk Brothers were 13 core musicians that cranked out hit and after hit for Motown later without credit or kudos until the early 70s when Gordy moved the label operations to L.A. where, (not surprisingly) the Wrecking Crew picked up the work. Here’s a list of some amazing female singers that were on the Motown label. 382.  Pick out the singers that were a member of the Supremes at any point over their 18 year run (list continues on next page). Diana Ross Florence Ballard Jean Terrell Lynda Laurence

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Barbara Martin Susaye Greene Cindy Birdsong Mary Wilson Betty McGlown Scherrie Payne Brenda Holloway Mabel Johns Barbara Randolph Valerie Simpson Kim Weston Barbara McNair 383.  Who were the four original members? Diana Ross Mary Wilson Barbara McNair Florence Ballard Barbara Martin Betty McGlown Cindy Birdsong 384.  Who was the only member to remain with the group from day one? Diana Ross Mary Wilson Florence Ballard Betty McGlown 385.  What was the groups original name? The Primettes The Andantes

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The Velvelettes The Soul Sisters Chubby Checker usually gets thrown into the Fabulous Fifties when anyone does a retrospective of “Golden Oldies” or when they have a 50s theme night on cruise ships. In fact, all of his hits were in the 60s. 386.  What was his biggest hit? The Twist The Peppermint Twist Let’s Twist Again The Monster Mash 387.  What dance craze did it inspire? The Twist The Peppermint Twist The Watusi The Hippy Hippy Shake 388.  What was so unique about this single? It had the shortest runtime of any hit (1:36) It was #1 twice for the same artist It was banned from being sung on TV Quickest single to sell one million copies Another icon of the Fifties that saw renewed interest in their career through the Sixties was Little Richard when he came out of retirement and toured Europe as the opening act for Sam Cooke. As a result of the audience’s wild reactions to Richard’s performances he returned to headline his own European tour.

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389.  What group open for during this first tour? Jimi Hendrix The Beatles The Monkees The Spencer Davis Group During this tour a young keyboardist accompanied Little Richard, which resulted in a fortuitous meeting with the above mentioned opening act. Years later their career paths would cross again. 390.  Who was this keyboardist? Gregg Allman Rod Argent Rick Wakeman Billy Preston 391.  What group lead the charge of the British Invasion and was the first to tour in America? The Beatles The Dave Clark Five Gerry and the Pacemakers Rory and the Hurricanes Not only were the DC5 hit makers in their own right they were often touted as the biggest rival to the Beatles during their early careers. Clark, the group’s drummer, was also their manager and was able to secure the rights to all of their songs.

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392.  Who was the first British solo act to have a #1 song in the U.S.? Acker Bilk Tom Jones Marty Wilde Shirley Bassey 393.  What was the song? Stranger on the Shore Climb Every Mountain Living Doll Green, Green Grass of Home Trust me; you’ve heard this song a million times. It’s an instrumental with a clarinet lead. Thanks all the help I can give you. 394.  Who was the first British group to have a #1 song in the U.S.? The Tornadoes The Dave Clark Five Peter and Gordon The Beatles 395.  What was their song? Telstar Glad All Over Please, lease Me A Summer Song Another instrumental offering from England, this one was definitely geared to you younger listeners. It

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featured a futuristic-sounding organ and heavy distortion. The name “Telstar” was taken from the first communication satellite that launched July 10, 1962 providing the very first transatlantic television signal. It’s hard to imagine now what a huge technical step forward Telstar was. Today there are over 1,000 satellites just dedicated to beaming TV, telephone, internet to you. Prior to July 10, 1962 there were none! As the Sixties were coming to an end one of the most defining moments in music came together in a field of a dairy farmer on August 15, 1969, less than a month after Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. The Woodstock Music & Arts Festival ran over three days and nights in Bethel, N.Y. (about 43 miles from Woodstock). 396.  Who was the first act that signed a contract agreeing to perform? Chicago Transit Authority Creedence Clearwater Revival Country Joe and the Fish Canned Heat 397.  Who was the first act to perform? Santana Joan Baez Paul Butterfield Blues Band Ritchie Havens

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398.  Who was the last act? Jimi Hendrix Joe Cocker The Who Grateful Dead 399.  What color as the “bad” acid concert-goers were warned to avoid taking? Blue Red Green Brown It’s a bit of a misnomer that the brown acid was “bad.” Fact is, it was good. I mean REALLY good. The brown acid was so pure that many people (particularly dope nephytes… and there were thousands at Woodstock) couldn’t handle the high. That’s why DJ Wavy Gravy got on the mic to advise the crowd to avoid taking it. 400.  Which of the following acts did NOT perform at Woodstock…

Peter, Paul & Mary Bob Dylan Joni Mitchell The Band Iron Butterfly Jefferson Airplane Janis Joplin

Joan Baez Stillwater Captain Beefheart Jethro Tull Santana Mary’s Danish

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Coincidently Woodstock, or in this case Bethel, N.Y. was practically in Dylan’s backyard. Dylan was of course asked to perform but was sailing to England during the same period to perform at the Isle of Wight. Joni Mitchell wanted to but was talked out of it as she was scheduled to perform on the Dick Cavett show in New York which was an important and high profile late night talk show. Iron Butterfly of “In-A-Gadda-Da-Vita” fame were simply too big for their britches. For starters demanded a helicopter transfer from N. Y. to the concert. After that the concert organizers didn’t return their calls. Led Zeppelin headlined their on concert in New Jersey. Robby Krieger of the Doors said they didn’t do Woodstock, “because we were stupid and turned it down.” The members of Mary’s Danish, the best alternative-rock band from the late eighties that you never heard of were probably just learning to walk when Ritchie Havens was taking the stage.

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MADNESS!! AUDITIONS Folk & Roll Musicians-Singers for acting roles in new TV series. Running parts for 4 insane boys, age 17-21. Want spirited Ben Frank’s-types.* Have courage to work. Must come down for interview. Ad run in Variety for the casting call of The Monkees


HEY, HEY, WE’RE THE MONKEES


HEY, HEY WE’RE THE MONKEES *Ben Frank’s refers to a 24-hour coffee shop formerly located at 8585 Sunset Boulevard in West Hollywood, now the site of Mel’s Diner. Opened in 1952 this family-style diner had become the popular hangout for hippies and the late night party crowd that frequented the hotspots along the Sunset Strip. The Monkees were brought together for a TV series to capitalize on the popularity of the Beatles and the movie A Hard Day’s Night. Because of this obvious comparison critics referred to them as the Pre-Fab Four. Micky Dolenz starred in a TV series before becoming a Monkee. 401.  Name the series Circus Boy My Three Sons The Vienna Choir Boys The Bowery Boys

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402.  What was his character name? Bongo Micky Sammy Corky Micky’s parents were both actors so the apple didn’t fall far from the tree. He starred in the TV show Circus Boy around age ten. He was also a gifted mimic. Micky was the producer’s first choice to play one of televisions most iconic characters in a 1970s sitcom. 403.  What was the sitcom (which debuted in 1974) Happy Days Barney Miller Bob Newhart Show The Jeffersons 404.  What character was he initially chosen to play. Fonzie Det. Wojceihowicz Howard Borden Harry Bentley It would have been interesting to see what Dolenz did with the Fonz character, who was not a main character in the series’ early days. Davy Jones was a stage actor on Broadway.

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405.  What musical was he in? My Fair Lady Hair A Christmas Carol Oliver! 406.  What was his character name? The Artful Dodger Tiny Tim Sunshine He was a chorus singer Jones’ father had high hope that his son would be a jockey (horse, not radio). Fortunately he pursued his acting dreams. Of the four cast to be the Monkees Jones was the only one that didn’t play an instrument, hence his mean renditions on the tambourine and maracas. Mike Nesmith’s mother invented something very famous. 407.  What product did she invent? The Pet Rock Hai Karate aftershave Liquid Paper Post It Notes Betty Nesmith was a secretary in Dallas and tired of having to correct her bosses’ typing. So using finger nail polish applicators as her inspiration she invented Mistake Out. In 1979 she sold what was now being mar-

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keted as Liquid Paper to Gillette for $47.5 million, just as the first personal computers were hitting the market! 408.  What did Mike help invent? The Pet Rock MTV The internet Nerf ball The Monkees TV series featured a music video in every episode that showcased one of the group’s songs, essentially a music video. After the series went off the air Mike founded Pacific Arts and created the acclaimed one-hour video called Elephant Parts. This work featured comedy sketches and music videos. Nesmith received the first Grammy Award for the Music Video category. Mike was also a published songwriter before joining the group and had a song recorded by a future 70’s musical icon. 409.  Who was the singer? Harry Nilsson Linda Ronstadt Dolly Parton Bobby Goldsboro 410.  What was the song? Everybody’s Talking Different Drum Honey Me and You and a Dog Named Boo

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Peter Tork’s background did not involve acting. 411.  What did Peter do prior? Bartender Folk singer Mime Magician 412.  Who recommended Peter for the audition?

His girlfriend Steven Stills Pete Seeger Marcel Marceau Peter was hanging out in Greenwich Village in the early 60s working the folk singer circuit. During that time he fell in with the likes of up-and-coming singer-songwriters like Stephen Stills. Many young and struggling performers auditioned for the show. Some ended up making a name for themselves nonetheless. Of the following people choose whether or not they auditioned. Yes or No – you have a 50/50 shot at it so no hints here. 413.  414.  415.  416. 

Graham Nash John Sebastian Charles Manson Harry Nilsson

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417.  All of the above Over 700 young hopefuls “came down” for the audition. Graham Nash became Crobsy, Stills, Nash & Young. John Sebastian went on to form Lovin’ Spoonful. Charles Manson did not audition but he did fancy himself a song writer, even giving one of his songs to the Beach Boys which they re-work and released on their 20/20 album. If you don’t know who Harry Nilsson is consider this your homework assignment: find out all you can about him. He was a singer/songwriter and the inspiration and cause for many a rock legend’s “lost weekends” including John Lennon when he moved to L.A. during his split from Yoko. As the Monkees were gaining international stardom there was another young singer growing up in England with dreams of becoming a rock star. He fulfilled that dream, however he had the same name as one of the members of the Monkees, so he changed his name to something else and we have known him by that stage name his entire career. 418.  Who is this rock star? David Crosby David Bowie David Gilmore Dave Clark

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Bar bet potential here. If someone tells you Bowie changed his name because of Davy Jones from the Monkees (as I essentially did in the above question) argue that Bowie changed his name because Jones was already too well known as a stage actor. The Monkees hadn’t aired by the time Bowie changed his name. 419.  What or who inspired his name choice? Bing Crosby The Bowie Knife It rhymes with “Filmore” (as in the famous Filmore Auditorium) Clark Gable Eager to flex their creative muscle and call their own shots in regards to their image and music the Monkees put out what was perhaps one of the most confusing, psychedelic-trip movies of this or any era. 420.  What was the name of the movie? Head Far Out Blow Up Monkee Business 421.  What future Academy Award winning actor co-wrote and produced this train wreck? Tom Hanks Al Pacino Robert Redford Jack Nicholson

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Aside from the obvious answer that they were both TV shows the Monkees and the Archies shared a common bond. 422.  What or who connects the two groups? Same musical producer, Don Kirshner Both outsold the Beatles and Elvis Both featured songs written by Jeff Barry All of the above Kirshner was brought in as the music supervisor charged with picking the songs that the group would record, or initially, that the group would provide vocal tracks for. With the success of the show and sales of the records the Monkees began to rebel artistically and Kirshner was out. Never one to lose a fight he invented the Archies, a Saturday morning animated series as a vehicle for the same type of Brill Building pop he had brought to the Monkees. Say what you will, but after the Monkees, i.e. Mike Nesmith, refused to record it, the Archies (Andy Kim, Ron Dante and Toni Wine) song became the biggest selling single of 1969. Co-writer with Andy Kin was Jeff Barry whose list of hits includes, “Da Doo Ron Ron,” “Be My Baby,” “Leader of the Pack” and “River Deep – Mountain High.” With the success of the television show many companies were eager to get a piece of the pie.

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423.  What musical company provided the guitars and drums for the group as part of an advertising tie-in? Fender Ludwig Hoffner Gretsch Hoping to literally cash in on the popularity of the Monkees Gretsch produced a limited run of Monkees Signature Model 6123 painted in bright red. What they found out was that the people that were watching the show (pre-teens) weren’t going to buy a limited edition professional guitar. Neither were “serious” musicians who wouldn’t be caught dead playing anything that smacked of the pop-oriented music of the Pre-Fab Four. Aside from singing to tracks laid down by uncredited studio musicians none of the Monkees were allowed to play their own instruments for their first two albums. (Peter did contribute guitar on “Papa Gene’s Blues” for their first album The Monkees. To prove to the producers that they had the ability to play their own instruments the four band members insisted that they go on tour where they would have to play live. 424.  Which musician and eventual Rock and Roll Hall of Famer played seven shows with the group as their opening act during their 1967 tour? Jimi Hendrix Eric Clapton

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Duane Allman Harry Nilsson Some things look better on paper than in practice. Hendrix was shouted down during his sets by the throngs of teenage girls that wanted to see Davy Jones. He lasted seven shows before leaving the tour. 425.  What was the unofficial name given to the Los Angeles-based group of musicians that provided the instrumentals for the Monkees albums? The Wrecking Crew The Funk Brothers Muscle Shoals Studio Band (the Swampers) Wall of Sound These guys (and bassist Carol Kaye) played on more hit records than anyone else. Even the Beach Boys’ Pet Sounds was farmed out to these professional musicians. It’s interesting that when the Monkees blew the whistle that they hadn’t played on their first few albums the press (and fans) lost their collective minds. The truth is that virtually none of the biggest and best albums of the time were being recorded by the actual band members. From The Association to Sonny & Cher these studio musicians cranked out one hit after another. 426.  What was the Monkees first single? I’m a Believer Last Train To Clarksville I’m Not Your Stepping Stone Pleasant Valley Sunday

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427.  What was their first #1 single? I’m a Believer Pleasant Valley Sunday Last Train To Clarksville Daydream Believer The follow up single to their first #1 single also topped the Billboard Top 40. 428.  What was the song? I’m a Believer Pleasant Valley Sunday Daydream Believer Last Train To Clarsville 429.  Who wrote the song? Michael Nesmith John Stewart Neil Diamond Neil Sedaka The Monkees have the distinction of being the only group to ever score four #1 albums in the same year. That’s worth saying again… The Monkees had four albums at #1 during the same year. 430.  Name the albums Meet The Monkees The Monkees More of the Monkees The Birds, the Bees, the Monkees Head

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Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn & Jones, Ltd. Headquarters

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Carol: [John turns off the radio] “Why did you do that?” John Milner: “I don’t like that surfin’ shit. Rock and roll’s been going down hill ever since Buddy Holly died.” Carol: “Don’t you think the Beach Boys are boss?” John Milner: “You would, you grungy little twirp.” Carol: “Grungy? You big weenie! If I had a boyfriend, he’d pound you.” John Milner: “Yeah, sure.” George Luca and Gloria Katz, American Graffiti (1973)


SURFIN’ SAFARI


SURFIN’ SAFARI In the Sixties “surf music” anchored (pun intended) the two coasts with a popular style of music that transcended the niche audience it was intended to play to. The Beach Boys personified the genre but they were by no means the only game in town. Instrumentally it was defined by a bright, trebly, lead guitar and a pounding back beat. Match the song with the correct singer or group on the facing page. (Note: some groups will be used more than once) 431.  432.  433.  434.  435.  436.  437.  438.  439.  440.  441. 

Little Honda Pipeline Out of Limits Little GTO Hey Little Cobra Wipeout Apache Sleepwalk Telstar Surfin’ Bird Walk, Don’t Run

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442.  443.  444.  445.  446.  447.  448.  449. 

Hawaii 5-0 Surf City Surfin’ Safari Misirlou Surfer Dan Let’s Go Trippin’ Mr. Moto Rebel Rouser

A.  Dick Dale & His Teltones B.  Jan & Dean C.  The Tornados D.  Beach Boys E.  The Ventures F.  The Chantays G.  The Shadows H.  The Trashmen I.  The Marketts

J.  Ronnie & the Daytonas K.  The Rip Chords L.  The Safaris M.  Santo & Johnny N.  The Hondells O.  The Turtles P.  The Belairs Q.  Dwayne Eddy

N, F, I, J, K, L, G, M, C, H, E, E, B, D, A, O, A, P, Q

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MEET THE BEATLES


MEET THE BEATLES Early in their partnership John Lennon and Paul McCartney decided to share songwriting credit as they, in their own words, “Wrote nose to nose and eyeball to eyeball.” 450.  First Lennon/McCartney song to go #1 in the UK? She Loves You I Want to Hold Your Hand My Bonnie From Me To You 451.  First Lennon/McCartney song to go #1 in the US? I Want To Hold Your Hand She Loves You Can’t Buy Me Love Please Please Me The Beatles had different label deals for the U.S. and the U.K. In 1963 they were an unknown group in America. EMI couldn’t even interest their U.S. subsid-

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iary Capital Records to release any Beatles singles here. “Please Please Me” was thus picked up by the R&B label Vee-Jay and “She Loves You” by Swan. Neither song charted. School dances and church fund-raisers not withstanding… 452.  What was the first club in Liverpool in which the Beatles were paid to perform? The Cavern Club The Star Club The Casbah Coffee Club The Indra Drummer Pete Best’s mother owned the Casbah and gave the lads their chance to play there, but not before they had to paint it. 453.  Who was the Beatles’ first manger? Allan Williams George Martin Brian Epstein Klaus Voorman Williams was probably more of a booking agent than a manager but he did take an interest in the early Beatles and secured them gigs including at his own club the Jacaranda. He also personally drove them to their first contract gig in Hamburg. As the Quarrymen, Johnny and the Moondogs, the Silver Beatles

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the band went through several inevitable line up changes. 454.  Name two members of the group that left (or were asked to leave) before they became the Fab Four Stuart Sutcliffe Tony Sheridan Rory Storm Pete Best Stu fell in love with Astrid Kirchherr, a photographer, while he and the Beatles were living and playing in Hamburg. He chose to stay behind and enroll in art school, at which he was quite accomplished. Sadly he died of a brain aneurysm at age 22. Pete Best had been with the Beatles throughout their sweat-stained days at the Cavern and their trips to Germany. After they failed their audition for Decca records they got a chance to demo for George Martin with Parlophone. Martin felt that Best was not strong enough and asked suggested they use a studio drummer. The Quarrymen…Johnny and the Moondogs…Long John and the Beetles… 455.  What was the inspiration for the name “Beatles”? Buddy Holly and the Crickets It was a slang term for skiffle music Their arts teacher Mr. Beatties The Rutles

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456.  Who suggested that they call themselves “Beatles”? Pete Best Stuart Sutcliffe John Lennon Brian Epstein Stu and John loved Buddy Holly, so any name that leaned toward the music of Holly and the Crickets seemed like a good idea. The Beatles wrote songs for other groups that they themselves never recorded. 457.  Name at least three such songs Bad To Me – for Billy J. Kramer & the Dakotas Don’t Make Me Over – Burt Bacharach & Hal David I’ll Keep You Satisfied – for Billy J. Kramer & the Dakotas A World Without Love – for Peter and Gordon I’m Telling You Now – Freddie Garrity and Mitch Mitch Murray Hippy Hippy Shake – Chan Romero Needles and Pins – Jackitzsche and Sony Bono The group starred in two feature length movies but had nothing to do with Yellow Submarine. 458.  What was the original title of the movie Help? Eight Arms to Hold You Yeah, Yeah, Yeah Beatlemania! Ticket To Ride

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The working title for the album that would become Abbey Road was Everest. There was even talk of shooting the album cover on location. In the end the album was named after the street on which AMI/Apple Records was located. The photo shoot was completed in thirty minutes. 459.  Name the order in which the Beatles crossed Abbey Road Counting right to left was John who lead the procession wearing all white. Next was Ringo in a suit then Paul, barefoot, out of step with the rest of the group and smoking. Lastly George dressed in all denim. This cover was “proof ” to conspiracy theorists that believed that Paul had been killed in a car accident in 1966. John in all white was either an angel or clergy. Ringo in his tailored suit was the mortician. Paul was the corpse and George in his jean shirt and pants was the grave-digger. Inspiration for songs came in many forms, including the morning paper. In this case a story of the alarming number of potholes plaguing the town of Blackburn. 460.  In the song, “A Day in the Life,” how many holes were there in Blackburn, Lancashire? Ten thousand Four thousand One million Five hundred twenty-five thousand six hundred

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The Beatles stopped touring in 1966 in order to pour their energies into their albums. This was a time of cutting-edge, innovative, recordings from a variety of bands and producers. One other band in particular upped the ante of what was possible in the recording studio. 461.  Which album did Paul McCartney credit as inspiring Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band? Blonde On Blonde _ Bob Dylan Freak Out – The Mothers of Invention Face to Face – The Kinks Pet Sounds – The Beach Boys As the Beatles grew tired of touring so too did Brian Wilson who “left” the Beach Boys in order to concentrate on the studio albums. When he heard Rubber Soul he was blown away and that inspired the direction he would take when creating Pet Sounds. Designed by Peter Blake and his wife Jann Haworth, and photographed by Michael Cooper the cover of Sgt. Pepper’s was an homage to ionic personalities from movies, radio, stage, politics, music and sport. 462.  Which comedy team appeared in the artwork on the Sgt. Peppers’ cover? The Marx Brothers The Goons Laurel & Hardy The Three Stooges

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463.  Which boxer appeared on the cover? Sonny Liston Jack Johnson Floyd Patterson Cassius Clay (Mohammed Ali) 464.  Which historical figures from the 1930s – 40s didn’t make the final cut? Adolf Hitler Jesus Gandhi All of the above 465.  Which was the last Beatles album recorded? Let It Be Abbey Road Get Back Yellow Submarine Let it Be, or Get Back as it was known as then, was intended to be a return to the raw sound that had nursed the group before they discovered over-dubbing, multi-tracking and full orchestrations. They had even discussed doing a tour again. However when the recording session were finished they weren’t happy with how Glyn Johns was mixing it and it was temporarily shelved while they got to work on Abbey Road. During the recording session for Get Back they were documenting the efforts in order to satisfy their three-picture deal they had with United Artist.

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Ironically, instead of bringing the four band members back together, the documentary showed just how far apart they had grown. The album and movie, now renamed Let it Be, were released one month after the group officially broke up. 466.  Which Beatle released the first solo studio album while the group was still together? The short answer is George Harrison’s “Wonderwall Music,” the soundtrack to the movie Wonderwall which was released November 1, 1968. On November 11 John and Yoko released “Unfinished Music No.1: Two Virgins” a virtually unlistenable experimental album. Its infamous cover showing the couple in full frontal nudity added to its distribution woes and legacy. If you discount a soundtrack and experimental record then the real answer and good candidate for winning a bar bet is Ringo, who released Sentimental Journey on March 27, 1970 – two weeks before Paul announced on April 10 that the Beatles were breaking up. Paul followed on April 17 with his self-titled album McCartney. It was a bare-bones effort with much of it recorded in his Scottish home with Paul playing all the instruments. George outdid everyone with the three-album masterpiece All Things Must Pass. Released November 30, 1970 after the official breakup this release was comprised of many of the songs Harrison had been writing while a Beatle but that were never given their due.

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John released his first “studio” album on December 11 of that same year, the critically acclaimed John Lennon/ Plastic Ono Band. It was an extension of the primal therapy that Lennon had undertaken while in Los Angeles. 467.  Who was the first U.S. artist to be signed to the Apple Record label? James Taylor Mary Wells Billy Preston Badfinger James Taylor had been a part of the Beatles’ entourage when they went to India to study with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. 468.  What was the working title for the Let it Be album recording session? Naked Get Back Shangri-La Run Away 469.  What was the first Lennon/McCartney song to mention a girl by name? Anna Michelle Carol Clarabella

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470.  What group was Ringo a member of prior to the Beatles? Gerry and the Pacemakers Tony Sheridan Billy Jo and the Dakotas Rory Storm and the Hurricanes 471.  What theatre did John Lennon ask the posh guests to “rattle your jewelry”? Orphean The Palladium Royal Albert Hall Prince of Wales Theatre 472.  What future rock star appeared as an extra in A Hard Day’s Night? David Bowie Elton John Davy Jones Phil Collins 473.  What answer did George give when asked “Are you a Mod or a Rocker”? “I’m a Rocker” “I’m a Beatle” “I’m a Mocker” “What’s a Mod?”

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474.  What answer did John give when asked “How did you find America?” “Turned left at Greenland” “We love your hamburgers” “American girls are louder than British girls” “The pilot found it” 475.  What style of music did the group first embrace? Skiffle Blues Rock-a-billy Soul 476.  What was the first song to hit #1 for a former Beatle? My Sweet Lord Maybe I’m Amazed It Don’t Come Easy Instant Karma His entire Beatle life he was known as the “quiet Beatle.” By 1966 George was becoming disenchanted with his role but soldiered on, devoting more time to his spiritual rebirth and learning the sitar. The breakup of the Beatles was like an awakening for him and seemingly suddenly, all these songs that he had been sitting on came pouring out.

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477.  Name two songs in which no Beatle plays an instrument She’s Leaving Home Eleanor Rigby I Am the Walrus Yesterday These were fully orchestrated pieces. 478.  Only non-Beatle musician to be credited on a Beatles’ album Billy Preston George Martin Mick Jagger Ravi Shankar Hundreds of musicians contributed to the Beatles’ music considering the complexity of their music and the lavish experimentation and orchestration that producer George Martin evoked. Even popular musicians of the time lent their talent including Eric Clapton, Mick Jagger, Donovan, Jackie Lomax, etc. 479.  What was the first George Harrison song featured on the A-side of a Beatles single? Something Taxman Here Comes the Sun While My Guitar Gently Weeps “Something” was the single from the Beatles’ last studio album, Abbey Road, and the first time Harrison was

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given an A-side release. I suppose if you’re going to wait that long then you better have a great song in your hip pocket. It was also his only song to hit #1 as a Beatle. Harrison’s first single release was “The Inner Light,” the B-side to “Lady Madonna.” Frank Sinatra once said that “Something” was the best love song written in the last 50 years. 480.  The last paid concert appearance by the group Rooftop of Apple headquarters Shea Stadium Candlestick Park Orange Bowl The key word here was “paid” concert, which was August 29, 1966 in San Francisco’s Candlestick Park, the home of the football 49ers and baseball Giants. It’s been said that the modern rock tour was invented five minutes after the Beatles finished their show. 481.  What was the last Beatles’ song to chart #1? The Long and Winding Road Let it Be Get Back Something 482.  What was the last studio song that the Beatles all recorded together? Here Comes the Sun Something

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Maxwell’s Silver Hammer I Want You August 20, 1969 for Abbey Road. This was the last time all four Beatles were in the studio together recording the same song. 483.  What was the last live song the Beatles performed together? One After 909 Get Back I’ve Got a Feeling I Dig a Pony

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If you don’t know the blues... there’s no point in picking up the guitar and playing rock and roll or any other form of popular music. Keith Richards


I GOT THE BLUES


I GOT THE BLUES The Sixties featured a good amount of cross-pollination between bands. Super Groups were formed and disbanded, seemingly at the drop of a hat. The shelf life for some bands was one album. Creative differences, drugs, alcohol and/or women were some of the reasons musicians might jump bands. In England in particular, a cornucopia of musical styles were vying for attention. Among these were Blues; a genre that was all but abandoned in the United States save for hard core and largely ignored authentic bluesmen like B.B. King, Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf and Buddy Guy. In the U.K. a new life was breathed into Blues with the likes of the Rolling Stones, John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, Fleetwood Mac and Cream. All would feature line up changes, often with members of one group splintering off and forming a new group. Eric Clapton left The Yardbirds after 18 months to join John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers.

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484.  Who did Clapton recommend take his place when he left? Jimmy Page Jeff Beck Peter Green Mick Taylor 485.  That guitarist turned down the gig and in turn recommended another musician who accepted the job. Who was this guitar player? Jimmy Page Jeff Beck Peter Green Mick Taylor Clapton’s involvement with the Bluesbreakers lasted a little more than a year when he left to form Cream. 486.  Who replaced Clapton in the Bluesbreakers when he left? Peter Green Ronny Wood Ray Davies Mick Taylor This replacement guitarist eventually left to form his own group. 487.  What group did this musician form when he left the Bluesbreakers? The Animals Ten Years After

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The Kinks Fleetwood Mac Another vacancy, another replacement. This time a 17year old was hired to fill the void with the Bluesbreakers. Three years later he left to replace Brian Jones in the Rolling Stones. 488.  What’s the name of this guitarist? Mick Taylor Ronny Wood Bill Wyman Ian Stewart Clapton stayed with Cream for over two years before they split. 489.  Along with Eric Clapton name the two other members of Cream. Ginger Baker Jack Bruce Bobby Whitlock Steve Winwood George Harrison

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Rock and roll music—the music of freedom frightens people and unleashes all manner of conservative defense mechanisms. Salman Rushdie


BILL HAleY... AND HIS COMETS


BILL HALEY … AND HIS COMETS Backup groups have long been a staple of the music industry. So much so that they were even immortalized in Elton John/Bernie Taupin’s song about a fictitious singer Benny and his backup group the Jets. Identify the lead singer with his or her backing group. …and for the record (quite literally) in regards to the title of this category the answer would be Bill Hailey and His Comets; not the Comets, as we’ve all been misspeaking our whole lives. Simply match these names with the correct back up group from the facing page. 490.  491.  492.  493.  494.  495.  496.  497.  498.  499.  500. 

… and the Blowfish … and the Vandellas … and the E Street Band … and the Mysterians … and the Attractions … and the Crickets … and the Machine … and the Sunshine Band … and the Raiders … and the Waves … and the Plastic Ono Band

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501.  502.  503.  504.  505.  506.  507.  508.  509.  510.  511.  512.  513.  514.  515. 

… and the Coral Reefer Band … and the Miracles … and the Pips … and the Stone Ponies … and the Four Seasons … and the Americans … and the Pharaohs … and the Headhunters … and the Wailers … and the Detroit Wheels … and the M.G.s … and the Holding Company … and the New Bohemians … and the Dreamers … and the Brown Dirt Cowboys

A.  Gladys Knight B.  Sam Sham C.  Cannibal D.  Booker T E.  Mitch Ryder F.  John Lennon G.  Hootie H.  Jimmy Buffett I.  Captain Fantastic J.  Bob Marley K.  ? L.  Big Brother M.  Edie Breckell

N.  Martha O.  Paul Revere P.  Smokey Robinson Q.  Linda Ronstadt R.  Elvis Costello S.  Buddy Holly T.  Florence U.  Katrina V.  Freddy W.  Bruce Springsteen X.  Frankie Valli Y.  K.C. Z.  Jay

G, N, W, K, R, S, T, Y, O, U, F, H, P, A, Q, X, Z, B, C, J, E, D, L, M, V, I

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I’d rather be dead than singing ‘Satisfaction’ when I’m forty-five. Mick Jagger


when i’m sixty-four


WHEN I’M SIXTY-FOUR Name the age of the person referred to in the song using the answer bank on the facing page. Some ages may not be used and some will be used for multiple songs 516.  I Love Rock n Roll – Joan Jett: The boy she sees standing at the record machine 517.  Dancing Queen – ABBA: The dancing queen herself 518.  I Saw Her Standing There – The Beatles: The girl that was way beyond compare 519.  ? Candles – The Platters: How many candles were on the title song’s cake? 520.  Mannish Boy – Muddy Waters: The boy when he’s mother told him he’d be the greatest man alive 521.  Graceland – Paul Simon: His traveling companion; the child of his first marriage 522.  Old – Paul Simon: The first time he heard Peggy Sue. 523.  Old Man – Neil Young: The narrator that is talking to the old man. 524.  Jack and Diane – John Cougar: How old is Diane? 525.  Paradise by the Dashboard Light – Meatloaf: the age of the couple in the car

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526.  All the Young Dudes – Mott the Hoople: Billy rapping about his suicide 527.  A Pirate Looks at ? – Jimmy Buffett: The man reflecting back on his life 528.  He Went To Paris – Jimmy Buffett: The man that went to Paris 529.  Ironic – Alanis Morissette: The age of the man that won the lottery 530.  Rock and Roll Never Forgets – Bob Seger: The kid now grown-up. 531.  My Hometown – Bruce Springsteen: the kid running with a dime in his hand

A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F. 

5 8 9 12 15 17

G.  H.  I.  J.  K.  L. 

16 18 20 21 24 25

M.  N.  O.  P.  Q.  R. 

31 35 40 86 98 100

F, F, F, G, A, C, D, K, G, F, L, O, P, Q, M, B

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Bonus Song – Frank Sinatra’s iconic coming of age song “It Was a Very Good Year” 1965. Using the ages in the above list, what age was the narrator in the song when he knew… 532.  …city girls who lived upstairs with perfumed hair 533.  …small town girls and soft summer nights 534.  …blue-blooded girls of independent means

J, F, N

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“I’d like to say ‘Thank you’ on behalf of the group and ourselves and I hope we passed the audition” John Lennon January 30, 1969

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DEDICATION In memory of Ron and LaVerne Novak who owned the Record Bar in Naples, Florida, where all of this knowledge began to germinate.

To my sisters Pepper and Priscilla who sold my albums in a garage sale when I moved to L.A.


ABOUT THE AUTHOR John Grantham His mother’s reluctance to admit that he was a trust fund baby necessitated that John undertake a wide and varying array of work. He has been a professional ditch digger, piano mover, personal trainer to the stars, Hollywood actor/stuntman/voice over artist. He has written, directed and developed shows for Universal Studios, Warner Bros., and Disney and performed with the Moscow Circus. John’s musical awareness was awakened and nurtured while growing up in Naples, Florida during the 1970s. The parents of his best friends, brothers Mike and Paul, owned the Record Bar, the best (and only) music store in town. Through countless hours of hanging out and perusing album covers and liner notes, he developed an appreciation for music and the people that make it. John is currently a cruise director for Celebrity Cruises.

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