Cramahe Horticultural Society Year Book

Page 1


Flower of the Year – Cosmos




Financial Reviewers/Auditors JoAnne Titus and Barrie Wood

OHA, the Ontario Horticultural Association, is led by a member elected executive and 19 District Directors.

President: Charles Freeman

Cramahe Horticultural Society is a part of OHA District 4. Our District is led by:

District Director: Patty Carlson, 647-688-4317,

Assistant Directors: Dennis Miluck, MJ Pilgram, Sharron MacDonald, Kathy Armstrong

Secretary: Bev Silk Treasurer: Leslie Hollick

Email: • Websites:;

Follow us on Facebook: Cramahe Horticultural Society

FOR 2023 President Sharron MacDonald 905 355 2691 Past President Deirdre McIntosh 289 251 4520 Vice President Catherine Kaye 416 320-4401 Secretary Trish O’Brien 905 355 2338 Treasurer Clair Breton 905 355 5133
Advertising & Publicity Shannon Shea 905 355 3560 Ecology Garden Len Salvati 905 355 5133 Community Garden Len Salvati 905 355 5133 Librarian Valerie Dentenbeck 905 355 5266 Membership Clair Breton 905 355 5133 Newsletter Shannon Shea 905 355 3560 Telephoning Valerie Detenbeck 905 355 5266 Show Awards Chair April Mackey 289 691 6473 Pat Campbell 905 376 6925 Speakers’ Chairperson Sharron MacDonald 905 355 2691 Sunshine Valerie & Jim Detenbeck 905 355 5266
Social Convenor Ingrid Anderson 416 526 3033 May Flower Show Clair Breton and 905 355 5133 Len Salvati June Flower Show Sept. Flower/Vegetable/ Decorative Show JoAnne Titus 905 344 7484 Oct. Photography Show Valerie Detenbeck 905 355 5266 Year Book Sharron MacDonald 905 355 2691 Plant Sale April Mackey 289 691 6473

The OHA is the umbrella organization for 19 Districts and 270 societies that more than 30,000 gardeners belong to. It provides support, programs, a newsletter, insurance, networking opportunities, a conference, awards, youth activities and a judging school for its societies and members. Its website is

Our District 4 is made up of 17 horticultural societies in:

Bobcaygeon Cramahe Lakefield Norland

Brighton Ennismore Lindsay Norwood

Campbellford Fenelon Falls Minden Peterborough

Coboconk Grafton Omemee Port Hope Cobourg

Email: • Websites:;

Follow us on Facebook: Cramahe Horticultural Society


Wow, where did this year go … like everything else, it just flew by. At the start of the year, we had to miss our January meeting because of Covid, but after that we got going on our new year at Apple Country Garden Club. There were a few hiccups with getting our meetings sorted out and we eventually had to move our meetings to another night to accommodate the town council meetings. Once that was sorted out, things seemed to fall into place. It has been a slow start to our club this year, mostly I think because people are still not comfortable with being around larger groups. Covid is still out there, but I am hopeful that people will start to come back to the meetings in the New Year.

We had several good speakers this year, for example, we learned about the bees (no birds though), we learned about Dahlias, Herbs and Homemade Medicines, How Climate Change affects Flora and Fauna, Fairy Gardens and Tropical Plants and finally, we had a great workshop and made Decorative Fall Arrangements.

We had another successful Annual Plant Sale. We potted up all the planters to be hung on the main street and in the park. We planted the pots for the chairs and got them put out in front of the businesses. We did a clean-up of the garden around the gazebo in the park and planted some flowers, we cleaned up the garden at the Art Gallery, the clean-up was done at the garden at the town hall in Castleton and there was a Spring clean-up at the Ecology Garden. These gardens were maintained by a dedicated group of people throughout the Spring and Summer and a big thank you goes out to everyone involved with helping keep our communities looking so good. 2022 was again declared the Year of the Garden and the colour chosen was red, so the emphasis was on planting red flowers this year and the club picked the Red Begonia as their flower of the year. This year we have taken on another project for the town. We are doing Winter arrangements in the planters around town and we hope to have them completed in time for the Santa Claus Parade on November 27th. We hope this will turn into an annual project.

Again, this year, I have been supported by an amazing group of people who form the executive committee and nothing would be possible without their willingness to listen to my ideas (some pretty off the wall), dig in when help is needed and make sure that our Garden Club runs to the best of it`s ability. I would like to thank those who are stepping up to join our team and those who are stepping down. It is very much appreciated! Here’s looking forward to a wonderful 2023 … bigger and better in every way. See you all in January.



Meetings are held at 7:00 p.m. on the fourth Tuesday at the Keeler Centre. Note change of time Jan-March. A show-off table will be available each month.

JANUARY Tuesday 24 Getting Ready for a Flower Show – From A to G

At 1:30 pm BEV SILK

FEBRUARY Tuesday 28 Judging and What a Judge Expects at a Flower Show


MARCH Tuesday 28 Lavender – From Maui to Belle Province in Quebec


APRIL Saturday 1 OHA District 4 AGM, Norwood

Saturday 22 Earth Day

Tuesday 25 Air Plants – Will Be Bringing Plants for Sale


MAY Friday 5 Ecology Garden Clean-up

Tuesday 23 Slips, Tips & Tricks with Perennials

MJ PILGRIM – MASTER GARDNER IN PETERBOROUGH Mini Spring Flower Show (judged by members)

Convener: Clair Breton and Len Salvati

Saturday 27 PLANT SALE

Convener: April Mackey

Victoria Square, Colborne. Gently used garden items welcome.

JUNE Wednesday 14 OHA District 4 – Lunch & Awards, and Skills Update

Tuesday 27

Landscaping and Design for your Garden


SUMMER FLOWER SHOW – Convener: Deirdre McIntosh

JULY Tuesday 25 Mystery Tour – TBA

AUGUST Tuesday 22 Picnic Potluck at the Ecology Garden

Convener: Sharron MacDonald

SEPTEMBER Tuesday 26

Wildscaping – Landscaping with Lawn Alternatives


Vegetable and Decorative Flower Show

Convener: Jo-Anne Titus

Nominations for Officers for 2023

OCTOBER Saturday 22 OHA District 4 Fall Seminar, Ennismore

Tuesday 24

Designing a Fall Table Centerpiece


PHOTOGRAPHY SHOW, Convener: Valerie Detenbeck

Nominations for Officers for 2023

NOVEMBER Tuesday 28


Dinner at 6:00 pm – Doors open at 5:00 pm

Election and Installation of Officers for 2023



Many members have dedicated themselves to improving our society. The members listed below were presented with OHA Service Awards after serving over ten years towards the success of our Society:

1976 – Amy Gresham

1977 – Helen Rose

1978 – Cora Reid

1980 – Gordon Smith

1981 – Linda Mitchell

1982 – Elizabeth Rutherford

1983 – Harry Mayne

1984 – Shirley and Bob Griffith

1985 – Marjorie Vaughan

1986 – Ida Mills

1987 – Cicely Scroggs

1988 – Beatrice Turney

1989 – Gloria Taube

1990 – Peg Tozek, Harold & Ada Winter

1991 – Harold and Gladys Black

1992 – Helen Dance

1993 – Mary Bloomer

1994 – Kay Island

1995 – Ivy and George Maskell

1996 – Irene Osborne

1997 – Joyce Murray

1998 – Vi Morrison

1999 – Jean and Jacques Filteau

2003 – Agnes Lee

2004 – Gayle Barrett

2006 – Mary Jackson

2007 – Sandra Compton

2008 – Jill and John Sellers

2012 – Lenna Broatch


Marjorie Bailey, Sandra Compton, Mary Guest, Irene Osborne


CHS purchases a magazine subscription, the Ontario Gardener, for the Cramahe Libraries in remembrance of past members. It is CHS policy to enter the names of deceased member into the OHA Book of Remembrance along with a donation. Funds raised from these donations are returned to Societies by OHA in the form of a number of awards towards the planting of trees.



Cosmos got its name from the Greek “kosmos”. The word means harmony, order, and the world at large. Spanish mission priests in Mexico popularised them when they cultivated this gorgeous bloom in their gardens and named it in part due to its evenly placed petals.

This blossom expresses balance and order because of the grace and symmetry of its simple beauty. They produce daisy-like flowers in a range of colours, including maroon, orange, pink, red, white, and yellow.

What Is The Meaning Of Cosmos? Cosmos’ symbols are innocence and love, but can also speak to balance, beauty, joy, and modesty. This flower’s scent and its bright colours are what connects it to the ideas of peace and wholeness.



2000 – Begonia

2001 – Geranium

2002 – Lily

2003 – Daisy

2004 – Clematis

2005 – Cactus

2006 – Marigold

2007 – Rose

2008 – Flowering Shrub

2009 – Native plants and Trees

2010 – Annual Aster

2011 – Bergamot

2012 – Salvia

2013 – Allium

2014 – Iris

2015 – Peony

2016 – Lupin

2017 – Gladiolus

2018 – Dahlia

2019 – Phlox

2020 – Bellflower (Campanula)

2021 – Shasta Daisy

2022 – Red Begonia

2023 – Cosmos




1. Entries may be exhibited by members only.

2. All exhibits must be created by the member and grown in the exhibitor’s garden, unless otherwise stated. Materials from roadsides, fields, streams, woods, and general countryside may be used where appropriate.

3. Exhibits must be received in good time for judging – late entries will not be accepted. (see Show Schedule). Each exhibitor must label their entries. If possible, entry tags should be filled in prior to arrival at the show location. Entries must not be removed until the end of the show.

4. Exhibitors must furnish their own containers and remove them after the show. CHS will not be responsible for loss of or damage to containers.

5. The decision of the judge(s) shall be final. At the judge’s discretion, any class which contains different varieties in the same category may be divided. Also, in any class with seven or more entries, an Honorable Mention may be awarded.


1. Exhibitors may place one entry only in each class.

2. When the number of blooms, sprays, etc. is stated, this must be adhered to, otherwise the entry will be disqualified. A bud showing colour is counted as a bloom. (Watch pansies particularly.) Buds are allowed on sprays. Each entry is to be shown with own foliage, attached if possible. Carefully remove any finished blooms and damaged or diseased leaves.

3. Please make sure there are no bugs of any kind on entries. If insects are discovered, the entry will be removed from the show.

4. Potted plants must be owned by the exhibitor for at least three months prior to showing.


1. No artificial flowers may be used, unless otherwise stated, and no strings or wires are permitted except in corsages.

2. Accessories may be used in any arrangement unless otherwise stated.


NOVICE EXHIBITORS - An exhibitor shall be considered a novice if he/she has never won a prize at a CHS Flower Show or at any other flower show, fair, etc. A novice may enter any class. Please be sure to check the box under your name on your Entry Tags and your Summary of Exhibits if you are a novice. This status is valid for one year only.

DEFINITIONS: (see OHA Publication 34/2003 for complete list)

ACCESSORY: An inorganic object(s) used in a subordinate manner to enhance the design of plant material.

ANNUAL: A plant that normally completes its growth cycle from seed to seed.

ARRANGEMENT: A combination of fresh/dried plant materials with/without accessories.

BLOOM: An individual flower, one to a stem. Specimen blooms should be disbudded for exhibition purposes as buds count as a bloom.

BOWL: A container that is broader at its widest part than it is high.

COLLECTION: A specified number of different cut flowers, potted plants, branches, fruits, vegetables or nuts, exhibited for cultural perfection.

CONTAINER: Any receptacle for plant material. In design classes, it is an essential component to complete the design.

CULTIVAR: Forms of plants originated or maintained only in cultivation, eg, Petunia (Sugar Daddy), Geranium (Cardinal), and Rose (Peace).

DESIGN: A combination of fresh and/or dried plant materials and accessories arranged to produce an artistic unit. A design incorporating an accessory should look incomplete if the accessory is removed.

EXOTIC: A plant that cannot be grown outdoors year round in Canada.

FOLIAGE: When the term “Own Foliage” is used, it means the kind produced by the species or cultivar of plant being exhibited. “Any Foliage” is to be interpreted as any natural foliage.

HERB: Group of plants with aromatic or savory properties, used for medicine, food, flavor, fragrance, and or dyes.

MASS DESIGN: A design with a large quantity of plant material arranged in a closed silhouette with few or no voids.

MINIATURE PLANT: A plant which is by nature or cultivation a miniature, and not an immature size of a normal plant.

MODERN DESIGN: A design of 3 to 5 groups of plant material, juxtaposed to give a sculptural effect. It is a creative design, characterized by bold forms, sharp contrasts. It may be a solid mass or a mass with space. Containers are bold, strong and simple in structure.

ORIENTAL STYLE: A design characterized by minimum use of plant material and careful placement of branches and flowers. Emphasis is on the lines of the flora arrangement.

PERENNIAL: A herbaceous plant that lives for more than 2 years, e.g. Peony, Phlox.

PLANTER: A number of different kinds of flowers artistically grouped growing in a single open container.

POTTED PLANT: A plant that has been growing long enough to have become established in the container in which it is shown.

SHRUB: A woody perennial that has several main stems - grows lower than a tree.

SPECIMEN: A single exhibit, i.e. plant, stem, spike, or stalk.

SPIKE: A thick, upright stem carrying several flowers, usually with short pedicels; eg, Gladiolus and Snapdragons..

SPRAY: The terminal flowering growth of an herbaceous or woody plant carried on one stem. Buds and leaves are allowed.

STALK OR STEM: A main plant structure which supports flowers, leaves, or fruit. A stalk may support several stems, e.g. Marigolds.

SUCCULENT: Any plant, including Cacti, which stores water in its fleshy stem or leaves.

VASE: A container whose height is greater than its width at its widest part.

UNDER WATER DESIGN: A design with part(s) placed under water to create interest (no definite percentage required). The entire design may not be under water.

WATERVIEWING: Design, usually a line design in a shallow container with half to two thirds of a container surface showing water.



HYBRID TEA (Large flowered): Repeat bloomers on long stems; Peace, Tropicana. Blossoms are beautifully shaped with a high profile, making them excellent for showing. They need winter protection in our area (Zone 5).

FLORIBUNDA (Cluster-flowered): Shorter and bushier than Hybrid Teas, Floribundas have large distinctive clusters of blossoms, e.g. Fashion, Apricot Nectar. These make great mass plantings, in beds or in borders.

GRANDIFLORA: A tall upright rosebush which produces full-blossomed flowers, e.g. Queen Elizabeth, Chrysler Imperial. These display a good combination of Hybrid Tea (bush height) and Floribunda (single and clustered blooms) characteristics.

POLYANTHA: Bushy, low-growing, well-foliated, prolific bloomers all season long with sprays of small double blossoms, e.g. The Fairy, Yesterday.

CLIMBERS: Repeat flowering, Climbers’ canes grow so long they can be trained up and over a support, e.g. Blaze, Coral Dawn. Most produce double blooms. Frequent deadheading will produce more blooms.

RUGOSA/RUGOSA HYBRIDS: Very winter hardy, disease resistant, easy to grow, bushy, with leather foliage and prickly canes, their flowers come single or double and bloom throughout the season. Their colourful hips last through the winter.

SHRUB ROSES: A diverse group of roses which are bushy and produce sprays or clusters of blossoms. Most of our Canadian-bred roses come under this category, e.g. the Explorer series and the Morden series.

ENGLISH: Bred mainly by David Austin, who describes them as “combining the delicate charm and fragrance of an Old Rose, with the wide colour range and summer-long flowering of a Modern Rose, e.g. Pretty Jessica, Constance Spry. These require winter protection in our area (Zone 5). * * * * *

“Iron Your

To keep aphids away from your roses, try this simple step of spraying them with iron chelates every three weeks. Also, apply to fruit trees and shrubs if the leaves turn yellow, and repeat every three weeks.



WHAT YOU’LL NEED TO GET READY FOR THE SHOW: A sharp knife, a good set of gardening scissors, pruning shears, ratchet shears, a hammer, Stick-um adhesive putty, floral foam (check to see if it’s for wet or dry arrangements), and a good imagination!

CONDITIONING: It is essential to pick your flowers in time to let them harden before making your arrangements or preparing your exhibits. Flowers need to be cut properly and at the proper time. The best time is early morning; next is evening after sundown and dew is formed. Before putting in warm water, cut the stems again at a long angle with a very sharp knife. This opens the stems to take up the most amount of water. Flowers with woody stems should not be cut again, so crush the bottom 3” of the stem with a hammer to open it. Some flowers bleed when cut, so it


is necessary to seal the stem by burning the stems of poppies with a lighted match or sealing the stem with floral putty or placing stems in a shallow bowl of wood alcohol for half an hour. Flowers should be stripped of foliage on the lower third of the stem. In the case of roses, the thorns should be removed. Place the flowers in water with the lower third completely immersed.

GROOMING: remove evidence of disease, bugs, dust, stains, pollen, and any foreign material. If you can, bring a few extra blooms to the show in a separate container to replace any that may be damaged, but be sure not to include more blooms than the class calls for. A bud showing colour is considered to be a bloom. Check pansies for extra buds. For interest’s sake, specimen exhibits should be named if possible. “Ontario Judging & Exhibiting Standards for Horticulture and Floral Design” Publication 34/2003 is the judges’ guide, a great help to exhibitors.


Judges look for specific principles when evaluating a design. These include:

Balance – which provides visual stability from any angle;

Rhythm – is the visual path which suggests motion in the design accomplished by the repetition of an element at intervals – these may be in line, form, colour, spacing or the repetition of curves or planes.

Proportion – is the relative amount of one area to another, i.e. the amount of plant material to the container, the amount of round forms to linear forms, the amount of rough texture to smooth;

Scale – the size relationship of all components;

Contrast – achieved by juxtaposing elements in such a way as to emphasize difference;

Dominance – the force of one element in the design which implies subordination of others.



Flower When to Cut How to Treat

Aster Half to fully open Scrape ends of stem and stand in water full depth of stems for 2 hours. Add 1 tsp. sugar/qt. water.

Dahlia Fully open Sear ends of stem in a flame then place in water with 1 handful of salt to 1 qt. of water

Daylily Half to fully open Flowers last 1 day only

Delphinium Lower part fully open Scrape ends of stem. Add l tsp. alcohol /2qt. water

Gladiolus As 2nd flower opens Scrape ends of stem and place in strong vinegar water

Iris As 1st bud opens Scrape ends of stem.

‘Mums Fully open Break stems off plants, scrape and crush end of stems. Sear over flame.

Peony Bud in colour to Scrape ends of stem. part open

Rose As 2nd petal opens Scrape, crush or split ends of stems, dip in powdered alum and place in water. If rose tends to wilt, place ends of stem in boiling water for 5 minutes. Protect leaves, place full length of stem in warm water for 1 hour. Gentle blowing into the bloom will help it open. To keep early blooms for the show, refrigerate up to 3 days, place in water and put a plastic bag over bloom.



The Ecology Garden is located in Rotary Centennial Park and is a wonderful place to relax and enjoy nature at its best. You will find many different kinds of native and domestic plants and you can sit on a bench and listen to creek as it winds it`s way past the gardens. There are also raised beds that are planted with vegetables that can be picked and taken home to enjoy. With a number of “rooms” in the garden, you can find something of interest everywhere you look.

If you are interested in looking after a room, you can call the Ecology Garden Director, Len Salvati at 905-355-5133 and he will be happy to talk to you.

Please join us in the Cramahe Ecology Garden, our growing concern!!



Below are samples of the Entry Tag and the Exhibit Summary that are required for each show. Please try to have your tags filled out ahead of time. Be sure to check them for accuracy.



1st place 7 points

2nd “ 6 points

3rd “ 5 points

Awarded to non-winners 1 point


2nd “ 3 points

3rd “ 2 points




Tuesday, May 23, 2023

Please bring your entries in to the Keeler Centre between 5:30 and 6:30 p.m. There will be categories for daffodils, narcissus, tulips, crocus, etc. and sprays of spring bloomers.

NB: This show will be judged by CHS members using marbles. Remember to attach an ENTRY TAG

Slip, Tricks and Tips for Perennials


Convener: Clair Breton and Len Salvati


Insecticidal Soap: 1 to 2 Tbsp. liquid soap (not detergent) with 1 quart water – spray on insects.

Apple Maggot Bait: Combine 1 cup vinegar, 1 cup sugar, 1 gallon water, 1 banana peel into an open plastic bottle – hang in an apple tree.

Ant Bait: Combine 1 tsp. boric acid, 6 Tbsp sugar, 2 cups boiling water – Saturate cotton balls with solution and place in a lidded plastic container with holes punched in the sides and bottom.

Slug Egg Stopper: Combine 10 parts water, 1 part ammonia. Spray over plant before foliage opens.

Dormant Oil Spray: Combine ½ pint mineral oil, 1 gallon warm water, 2 oz. liquid soap – spray on leaves in early spring, spray on fruit trees and roses on a winter day when the temperature is above freezing.

Earwig Bait: Combine equal parts molasses and canola oil – place in the garden in a tuna tin and empty daily.

Japanese Beetle Bait: Combine 2 cups water, 1 mashed banana, ½ cup sugar, ½ cup wine, ¼ tsp baking yeast – hang the fermented mixture in a tree.

Moss killer: Apply iron sulphate in spring or early fall.

Mosquito Repellants: Bounce Fabric Softener Sheets; Vick’s Vapor Rub; Avon Skin-So-Soft bath oil mixed about half and half with alcohol; pure Vanilla; or try eating a B1 vitamin tablet (Thiamine Hydrochloride 100 mg.) each day. Above all, avoid bananas at that time of year. Mosquitoes love banana oil as the body processes it.

Super Herbicide: Combine pot of boiling vinegar, 2 Tbsp. salt, 1 tsp. liquid soap – Pour when boiling on weeds in pavers or flagstones.



Tuesday, June 27, 2023

All exhibits must be in the Keeler Centre between 4:30 and 5:30pm, ready for judging.

Landscaping and Design for your Garden


Convenor: Deirdre McIntosh

Results are determined by a judge at this show.


Roses Hybrid Tea



1. One Bloom

2. One Spray

3. One Spray

Polyantha 4. One spray

Canadian Bred Roses 5. One spray (i.e. Explorer, Morden, Fleming, etc.)

Other Roses

6. Shrub (including rugosa and Canadian bred) – one spray

7. Miniature (not mini flora) – one spray

8. English bred (i.e. David Austin) – one bloom or spray

9. Other (i.e. carpet, patio, ground cover)–one bloom or spray

10. Rose floating in a bowl

Delphinium - one spike

11. Blue

12. Any other colour

Iris –

13. Tall bearded, blue/purple – one stalk

14. Tall bearded, pink – one stalk

15. Tall bearded, multicolour – one stalk

16. Tall bearded, any other solid colour – one stalk

17. Medium bearded, blue/purple – one stalk

18. Medium bearded, pink – one stalk

19. Medium bearded, multicolour – one stalk

20. Medium bearded, any other solid colour – one stalk


Other Flowers

21. Beardless – (i.e. Siberian, Japanese) - three stalks alike

22. Bulbous, English, Spanish, Dutch – three stalks

23. Any other – multibloom – one stalk

24. Bleeding Heart (dicentra) – one stem

25. Campanula – one stalk

26. Clematis – three blooms the same colour

27. Columbine – one stalk

28. Daylily – (hemerocalis, ie.Stella d’Oro) – one sscape (may have additional buds)

29. Digitalis, Foxglove – one stem

30. Gaillardia – three stems

31. Hosta without bloom – three different cultivars

32. Lily (lilium), any variety – one stem

33. Pansy – three stems

34. Pelargonium – three blooms

35. Peony – Single – one bloom

36. Peony – Semi-double – pink, one bloom

37. Peony – Semi-double – white, one bloom

38. Peony – Semi-double – red, one bloom

39. Peony – Double – pink, one bloom

40. Peony – Double – white, one bloom

41. Peony – Double – red, one bloom

42. Peony – any other, one bloom

43. Loosestrife – 3 stems

44. Any annual – one stem or bloom

45. Any other biennial – one stem

46. Any other biennial – three stems

47. Any other perennial – one stem

48. Any other perennial – three stems

POTTED PLANTS – should be owned by exhibitor for at least 3 months (see rules)

African Violets (one pot - all, except trailing, must have single crown)

49. Single, any colour

50. Double or semi-double, any colour

Flowering Potted Plants (no larger than 24 inches in any direction - grown primarily for flowers)

51. Succulent (includes cacti)

52. Pelargonium

53. Gloxinia


54. Ivy Geranium

55. Orchid

56. Any other

Foliage Potted Plants (no larger than 24 inches in any direction - grown primarily for interesting foliage)

57. Begonia

58. Collection of cacti and or succulents

59. Succulent without flower

60. Any other


61. “Tea with Granny” - design in a fancy teacup

62. “Summer Wine” - small design in a clear wine glass (total size under 10” in any direction)

63. “S is for Summer” - Hogarth curve design

64. “Day of Sunshine” - a miniature - maximum 5`` in all directions (includes container)

65. “Aromas” - an arrangement incorporating Herbs

66. “The Warmth of the Sun” - full circle design



Please bring entries to the Keeler Centre between 4:30 – 5:30pm, ready for judging.

Tuesday, September 26, 2023

Wildscaping – landscaping with Lawn Alternatives


Convenor: JoAnne Titus

Nomination for officers for 2023


1. Beans – any variety - 5

2. Beets – roots on tops trimmed to 1” - 3

3. Carrots – any variety - roots on, tops trimmed to 1” above crown – 3

4. Cucumber – any variety – 3

5. Kale/Chard – 3 leaves

6. Sweet Pepper – any variety – 1

7. Hot Pepper – any variety – 3

8. Potatoes – White – brushed clean, – 3

9. Potatoes – any colour – 3

10. Squash – Summer – 1

11. Squash – Winter – 1

12. Tomatoes – large (2 1/2”) with calyx, named if


GLADIOLUS – any size florets

20. Gladiolus – large – 1 spike

21. Gladiolus – small – 1 spike

22. Collection – a variety of colours – maximum 9 spikes

23. Collection – same variety – 3 spikes

24. Aster – annual or perennial – 1 stem

25. Cosmos – any variety – 3 stems

26. Echinacea – any varity – 3 stems

32. Snapdragons – any variety – 3 stems

33. Sunflower – any variety - 1 stem

34. Zinnia – any variety – 3 stems

35. Any Other Annual – 3 stems

36. Any Other Perennial – 3 stems

possible – 1

13. Tomatoes – medium (up to 2 1/2”) with calyx –named if possible -3

14. Tomatoes – any Heritage – with calyx – named if possible – 3

15. Tomatoes – Cherry – any variety with calyx, named if possible – 6

16. Herb Collection – picked – minimum 5

17. Any Other Heritage Vegetable – name - 1

18. Any Other Vegetable – named - 1

19. Vegetable Basket – collection of at leas 5 different vegetables – 1-3 of each kind, named

27. Hydrangea – any variety – 1 stem

28. Pelargonium (annual geranium) – 1 flower head with foliage

29. Phlox – annual or perennial – 1 stem – named if possible

30. Fall Blooming Rose – any avaiety – 1 stem or spray

31. Sedum – any variety – 1 stem

37. Collection – Annual and/or Perennials, minimum of 7, named

DAHLIAS – in a vase with stem and own foliage

38. Decorative – any size – 1 stem

39. Cactus/Semi-Cactus – any size – 1 stem


40. Ball - any size – 3 stems

41. “The Wonder of Fall” - a horizontal design which may include accessories

42. “Fall Necklace” - on a 8-1/2`` by 11`` paper, glue an oval of string or yarn to represent a necklace. Using dried Autumn objects such as acorns, seeds, dried flowers, etc., design a necklace

43. “Golden Girls” - arrangement with 3 yellow (gold) flowers in a horizontal design


OCTOBER PHOTOGRAPHY SHOW And Other Garden Related Media

Please bring your photographs to the Keeler Centre between 5:30 and 6:30pm, ready for judging. Garden Related Media – paintings, needlework, etc. may be brought at 7:00pm for the Show-Off Table.

Tuesday, October 24, 2023

Workshop designing a Fall Table Centerpiece Speaker: JULIE POWELL – QUINN’S BLOOMS & GREENERY

PHOTOGRAPHY SHOW – Convenor: Valerie Detenbeck

Nominations for officers for 2023



1. On Your Own – single flower

2. What Fun – an image to tickle your fancy

3. Any Unusual Item/Object in the Garden

4. Fresh Beginning – photo of renewal or fresh new plant growth

5. Autumn Glory – photo of an Autumn scene


1. Members may submit only one entry per class.

6. Close Up – my favourite flower

7. Snow Laden Boughs

8. Love affair between a flower and an insect/ bee

2. Photos must have been taken in the previous twenty-four months.

3. Photos should be 4” x 6”, mounted on stiff board, measuring 5” x 7” overall.

4. At the judge’s discretion, classes may also be subdivided, i.e. distance and close-up.

5. The judge will choose the photo from among the entries which, in his/her opinion, is Best in Show, whether or not that photo has won in its class.


• Make sure the flower appears large and fills your camera screen; if possible use Macro.

• Try to get the background as plain as possible so as not to distract from the flower.

• For best colours, take the photo with morning or late afternoon light.




Arthur and Marjorie Rutherford Trophy

Valerie Dentenbeck

Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points in shows over the season.

Hoselton Studio Trophy

Awarded annually to the novice with the most points.

Joan and Harold Harnden Silver Rose Bowl

Valerie Dentenbeck

Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points in the Decorative Section.

Amy Gresham Memorial Trophy

Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points for the ‘Flower of the Year’ – DAHLIA .

25th Anniversary Trophy Valerie Dentenbeck

Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points in the Potted Plant Section (trophy donated by Joan Fawcett).

Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Rose Bowl

Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points for Roses.

Photography Trophy

Valerie Dentenbeck

Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points in the Photography Section (trophy donated by Lenna Broatch).

Members Memorial Trophy Shirley Ross

Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most marbles in the Mini Spring Flower Show.

No awards given out in 2021 due to Covid-19. Flower Shows were not held.



Towards the end of February select branches of spring flowering shrubs to bring indoors. Choose your specimens carefully so that the overall appearance of the shrub is not compromised and cut next to an outward facing bud. A mild day when the temperature is above freezing makes this a pleasant task and helps the branches to make a successful move into the warmth. Put the branches into warm water and add a flower preservative to help prolong the vase life. Keep the container in a cool, partially shaded place until the buds start to show colour. Then move the flowering branches into your chosen location.

Forsythia and Pussy Willow respond well to this treatment. Other shrubs than can be forced are Bridle Wreath Spirea, Flowering Quince, Honeysuckle, Serviceberry and Redtwig Dogwood. It is best to cut Lilac, Mock Orange and Rhododendron later in March.



Mark Cullen defined the terms used to describe plants in the following way:

Genus: The family or large group from which a plant is derived. Species: A group of plants capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring.

Variety: This is the last name on a plant label often denoting hybridization. For example: Paeonia lactiflora Doreen. Paeonia is the genus, lactiflora is the species and Doreen is the variety or cultivar.

Other Useful Terms:

Open Pollinated: This term is usually associated with vegetables. These are cultivars that have been pollinated naturally by insects, wind or self-pollination. The seeds of these vegetables will produce plants that are true to the parent plants.

Hybrid: Two closely related species are mated mostly synthetically in order to produce an improvement over the originals. In the case of flowering plants this would involve either colour or a longer flowering period or, in the case of vegetables, better flavour and improved productivity. The downside is that the seeds of such plants will not necessarily be identical to the parent.

Organic: Seeds and plants that carry this label have been produced under strict guidelines and regulations. The land on which these plants were grown has been free of toxic chemicals for at least three years and they have been grown strictly without the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. The use of sewage sludge, irradiation and genetic engineering are also prohibited.

Heirloom: These plants have a history of at least 50 years of open pollination. Such vegetables often have a better flavour than newer hybrids. It is important to note that, in the past 40 years of so, we have lost more than 2,000 fruit and vegetable cultivars. The Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation in the U.S. estimates that 96 per cent of the commercial vegetable cultivars that were available in 1903 are now extinct.

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