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a member of the ontario horticultural ASSOCIATION

APPLE COUNTRY GARDEN CLUB CRAMAHE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY

YEAR BOOK 2019

Flower of the Year – Phlox


CRAMAHE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY OFFICERS FOR 2019 President Jim Detenbeck Past President Sharron MacDonald Vice President Secretary Trish O’Brien Treasurer Clair Breton DIRECTORS FOR 2019 Advertising & Publicity Shannon Shea Ecology Garden Len Salvati Community Garden Len Salvati Librarian Cori Hall Youth Project Chair Karen Prins Membership Clare Phillips and Hans Leys Newsletter Lorelyn Morgan Telephoning Cori Hall Scrapbook & Poster Bd. Clare Phillips Speakers’ Chairperson Sharron MacDonald Sunshine Marg Pafford CONVENORS Social Convenor Suzie & Fred Kurz Show Awards Chairperson Karen Prins May Flower Show Clair Breton and Len Salvati June Flower Show Kris Rahn Sept. Flower/Vegetable/ Decorative Show JoAnne Titus Oct. Photography Show Valerie Detenbeck Year Book Sharron MacDonald Plant Sale Lorelyn Morgan Financial Reviewers/Auditors

905-355-5266 905-355-2691

detenbeckgary@gmail.com sharron@start.ca

905 355 2338 905 355 5133

twillow_51@hotmail.com clairbreton@bell.net

905-355-3560 905 355 5133 905 355 5133 905-355-2359 905 355 1309

shannon.shea22@gmail.com len.ls@bell.net len.ls@bell.net coreena0298@gmail.com theqqc@gmail.com

905 355 3254 905-355-3137 905-355-2359 905-355 3254 905-355 2691 613 439 9160

c.phillips@sympatico.ca lgm@sympatico.ca coreena0298@gmail.com c.phillips@sympatico.ca sharron@start.ca mpafford@cogeco.ca

905 355 1425 905-355 1309 905-355-5133 905-344 5081

suzie_fred kurz@kurzdesign.com theqqc@gmail.com clairbreton@bell.net len.ls@bell.net krisrahn@eagle.ca

905 344 7484 905-355-5266 905 355 2691 905-355-3137

garyandjoannetitus@gmail.com valerie.dentenbeck@gmail.com sharron@start.ca lgm@sympatico.ca

JoAnne Titus and Barrie Wood

OHA, the Ontario Horticultural Association, is led by a member elected executive and 19 District Directors. President – Catherine Smyth, 1st Vice President – Charles Freeman, 2nd Vice President – Joanne Rachfalowski Cramahe Horticultural Society is a part of OHA District 4. Our District is led by: District Director: Dianne Westlake, 705-742-9167, district4@gardenontario.org Assistant Directors: Dennis Miluck, Pam Chellew, Helen Newlove Secretary: Bev Silk Treasurer: Leslie Hollick Email: cramahe.hort@gmail.com • Websites: www.cramahehort.ca; www.gardenontario.org. Follow us on Facebook: Cramahe Horticultural Society

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PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE Well, the time has finally come for me to hang up my hat and pass on the Presidency to my Vice-President!! I have enjoyed my fours years as President, but it is time for some new blood and some new ideas for the Society. We have accomplished a lot in the past four years and I am proud of all the things we have done as a Society. I am very thankful to my Executive and the Board of Directors for always being there to help provide the guidance and leadership that is required to keep our Society a viable part of the community that we live and work in. I would also like to thank those who are stepping down this year, your help has been much appreciated and I would like to welcome those of you who have stepped up to take on a position on the Board. I wish you well in your endeavour’s and hope you enjoy your time working with the Executive. We had a very busy year and not the least of which was the guest speakers that provided knowledge and education to the members. We learned about the Secret Lives of Small Creatures in your Garden, everything you ever wanted to know about perrenials, we learned all about Daylillies and had a road trip to the True North Daylilly farm. We had a decorative workshop, learned about pruning, and we learned about how to build a herb garden. We had a great time at the first Home and Garden show put on by the Chamber of Commerce and we

actually signed up new members that day!! We had a fantastic Plant Sale, our best sale ever and we participated in the Annual Trash and Treasure event. We did the planters for the main street and we continued with our chair planters as well. We had members attend the District 4 events and 3 of us attended the annual OHA Convention in Kingston. We have a busy year ahead of us as we are Hosting the District 4 AGM in April and it is our turn to host the 4 Club Garden Tour. Both of these events will need volunteers to help prepare, but especially the AGM. I hope I can count on some of you step forward and give a hand with either of these projects. In closing, I would like to express my sincere appreciation for all the support I have received over the past 4 years and I hope that you will provide the same for our incoming President. I will remain as Past President for the next 2 years, so you can`t get rid of me that easily!! Someone has to have Jim`s back…I wouldn`t want you to scare him off. I am confident that Jim will be a great President and I know he has some wonderful ideas for the society….just what we need! Let`s make the Apple Country Garden Club a place that people want to be. Sharron MacDonald

Incoming Presidents Report As I look forward to serving as president of the Apple Country Garden Club I have set these three items as my goals over the next two years. First and foremost I want to work towards a more prevalent public face for the club. It has become apparent to me over the past three years that we are the best kept secret in the village of Colborne and certainly across the township in general. Except for our very successful spring plant sale and our developing relationship with the young people of the township through our workshops at the libraries, we are a nonentity to most residents. If the club is to survive, this must change and I hope to work with both the membership in general and the executive in particular to get our faces out there through public interaction. To this end, I want all members to think hard about new ideas (lets think outside the box). All Ideas should be brought forward. Understandably, as in most volunteer type organizations, the bulk of the “heavy lifting” when it comes to activities and projects both inside and in public, is done by a very dedicated small segment of the club, and that is not really bad, except it does tend to wear out the resources and has caused the club to pass on some activities and township requests for input. Part of our mandate from Gardens Ontario (OHA) is the promotion of environmental awareness through beautification and education in Horticultural matters. Secondly,what I would love and hope to see, and, will be asking for, (gently perhaps) is for more participation from every member of the club, and that includes finding and introducing new members to the club. The village is set to grow with new development and people. We

need them to make sure the club continues to grow and yes, survive. I would also love to see more participation in the district run workshops and meetings. I have had the privilege of attending several with Sharron over the past two years including two Ontario Conventions. I have to say that I have enjoyed them immensely, the people that you meet are great, the speakers outstanding and the activities a lot of fun and apart from the convention, ITS FREE. This spring we are hosting the District 4 AGM in April. We need to make this a huge success and show the rest of the 19 clubs that Cramahe really Rocks (not just the little traveling stones that dotted the village this summer) Sharron is heading the committee and she needs volunteers. Lastly I would like input from you, the members, as to what programs you would like to see at our meetings. Perhaps an interclub plant exchange in the fall, seedy weekends, and more workshops, maybe a club garden tour? We have a wealth of internal club knowledge to share among ourselves. My personal favourite would be a section of our meetings, 10-15 minutes where anyone can ask a question regarding gardening, plants etc. that they need advice or suggestions about, after all we are a garden club. Let’s share. So there it is, my “vision” for the next couple of years. If we accomplish a little of it, it will be a success, all of it … outstanding! Good Gardening, May the sun be on your back and the rain out of your garden shoes, Jim Detenbeck, Incoming President

WE GRATEFULLY ACKNOWLEDGE THE SUPPORT OF THE CRAMAHE TOWNSHIP COUNCIL AND THE ONTARIO MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, FOOD, AND RURAL AFFAIRS.

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PROGRAM, SHOW DATES & SPECIAL EVENTS Meetings are held at 7:00 p.m. on the third Tuesday at the Keeler Centre. Note change of time Jan-March. A show-off table will be available each month JANUARY Tuesday 15 Water Plant and Pond Presentation At 1:30 pm DENIS ORENDT, BLUE FROG WATER GARDENS Category of the Month – Winters` Beauty FEBRUARY Tuesday 19 A Victorian Kitchen Garden At 1:30 pm GARY EDWARDS, MEADOW VIEW GARDENS Decorative – Show us your favorite hobby, craft or art MARCH Tuesday 19 Landscaping: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly At 1:30 pm GARY AND DIANNE WESTLAKE Decorative – Share a favourite gardening book APRIL Saturday 6 OHA District #4 AGM, Colborne, 9am-3:30pm Friday 26 – Sunday 27 Peterborough Garden Show – Fleming Trades & Technology Centre Monday 22 Earth Day Tuesday 16 Ontario Invasive Plant Council VICKI SIMKOVIC Decorative – “Early Treasure” a design with Daffodils Friday 26 Ecology Garden Clean-up MAY Tuesday 21 Mini Spring Flower Show (judged by members) Miniature Design Workshop BEV SILK Convenor: Clair Breton and Len Salvati Saturday 25 PLANT SALE Convenor: Lorelyn Morgan Victoria Square, Colborne. Gently used garden items welcome. JUNE Wednesday 12 OHA District #4 - Lunch & Awards, Naval Club, Peterborough Monday 6 - 19 Garden Week Ontario Tuesday 18 Building Biodiversity with Native Plants PAUL LAPORTE SUMMER FLOWER SHOW - Convenor: Kris Rahn Saturday 22 Four Club Garden Tour – Colborne 12:00pm – 4:30pm JULY Friday 19 - 21 OHA Convention, Windsor AUGUST Tuesday 20 Picnic Potluck at the Ecology Garden Convenor: Sharron MacDonald SEPTEMBER Tuesday 17 Vegetable and Decorative Flower Show Pollinator Garden Design SUSAN CHAN Convenor: JoAnne Titus Nominations for Officers for 2020 OCTOBER Tuesday 15 Decorative Workshop – Pumpkin Centre Piece KAREN PRINS AND VALERIE DETENBECK PHOTOGRAPHY SHOW, Convenor: Valerie Dentenbeck Nominations for Officers for 2020 Saturday 26 OHA District #4 Fall Seminar, Fenelon Falls 9am – 3:30pm NOVEMBER Tuesday 19 CHS ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING, Pot Luck and Awards Dinner at 6:00 p.m. – Doors Open at 5:00 p.m. Election and Installation of Officers for 2020

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OHA SERVICE AWARDS Many members have dedicated themselves to improving our society. The members listed below were presented with OHA Service Awards after serving over ten years towards the success of our Society: 1976 – Amy Gresham 1977 – Helen Rose 1978 – Cora Reid 1980 – Gordon Smith 1981 – Linda Mitchell 1982 – Elizabeth Rutherford 1983 – Harry Mayne 1984 – Shirley and Bob Griffith 1985 – Marjorie Vaughan 1986 – Ida Mills 1987 – Cicely Scroggs 1988 – Beatrice Turney 1989 – Gloria Taube 1990 – Peg Tozek, Harold & Ada Winter 1991 – Harold and Gladys Black

1992 – Helen Dance 1993 – Mary Bloomer 1994 – Kay Island 1995 – Ivy and George Maskell 1996 – Irene Osborne 1997 – Joyce Murray 1998 – Vi Morrison 1999 – Jean and Jacques Filteau 2003 – Agnes Lee 2004 – Gayle Barrett 2006 – Mary Jackson 2007 – Sandra Compton 2008 – Jill and John Seller 2012 – Lenna Broatch

CHS LIFE MEMBERS Marjorie Bailey, Sandra Compton, Mary Guest, Isobel Gummow, Irene Osborne, Cecily Scroggs, Jill Sellers

IN MEMORIAM CHS purchases a magazine subscription, the Ontario Gardener, for the Cramahe Libraries in remembrance of past members. It is CHS policy to enter the names of deceased members into the OHA Book of Remembrance along with a donation. Funds raised from these donations are returned to Societies by OHA in the form of a number of awards towards the planting of trees.

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CHS FLOWER OF THE YEAR Phloxes (Phlox spp.) are a group of about 50 species of flowering plants in the family Polemoniaceae, which contains about 300 species in total. Phloxes are herbaceous plants with bright, showy flowers. Each flower has five red, pink, or white petals that are fused at their bases to form a tube, but remain separate at the top of the structure. These flowers are arranged in very attractive groups, known as an inflorescence. Phloxes are pollinated by long-tongued insects , and in some places by hummingbirds .

Phlox

Many species of phlox are commonly cultivated in gardens as ornamentals, such as gilias (Gilia spp.) and Jacob’s-ladder (Polemonium spp.). Among the more commonly grown herbaceous, perennial phloxes are the garden phlox (Phlox paniculata), sweet-William (P. maculata), and hybrids of these and other species. Drummond’s pink (Phlox drummondii) is an annual that is commonly used as a bedding plant .

The natural habitats of many species of phlox are arctic and alpine environments, and some of these species do well in rock gardens. The moss pink (Phlox subulata) is commonly cultivated in this way. Most species of phloxes are not cultivated, but their beauty as wildflowers can be appreciated in their native habitats. The wild blue phlox (Phlox divaricata) is a familiar species in moist woodlands over much of eastern North America, while the downy phlox (P. pilosa) is widespread in natural prairies over much of the continent.

flower OF THE YEAR history 2000 – Begonia 2001 – Geranium 2002 – Lily 2003 – Daisy 2004 – Clematis 2005 – Cactus 2006 – Marigold

2007 – Rose 2008 – Flowering Shrub 2009 – Native plants and Trees 2010 – Annual Aster 2011 – Bergamot 2012 – Salvia 2013 – Allium

2014 – Iris 2015 – Peony 2016 – Lupin 2017 – Gladiolus 2018 – Dahlia 2019 – Phlox

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FLOWER SHOW RULES GENERAL 1. Entries may be exhibited by members only. 2. All exhibits must be created by the member and grown in the exhibitor’s garden, unless otherwise stated. Materials from roadsides, fields, streams, woods, and general countryside may be used where appropriate. 3. Exhibits must be received in good time for judging – late entries will not be accepted. (see Show Schedule). Each exhibitor must label their entries. If possible, entry tags should be filled in prior to arrival at the show location. Entries must not be removed until the end of the show. 4. Exhibitors must furnish their own containers and remove them after the show. CHS will not be responsible for loss of or damage to containers. 5. The decision of the judge(s) shall be final. At the judge’s discretion, any class which contains different varieties in the same category may be divided. Also, in any class with seven or more entries, an Honourable Mention may be awarded. HORTICULTURAL 1. Exhibitors may place one entry only in each class. 2. When the number of blooms, sprays, etc. is stated, this must be adhered to, otherwise the entry will be disqualified. A bud showing colour is counted as a bloom. (Watch pansies particularly.) Buds are allowed on sprays. Each entry is to be shown with own foliage, attached if possible. Carefully remove any finished blooms and damaged or diseased leaves. 3. Please make sure there are no bugs of any kind on entries. If insects are discovered, the entry will be removed from the show. 4. Potted plants must be owned by the exhibitor for at least three months prior to showing. DECORATIVE 1. No artificial flowers may be used, unless otherwise stated, and no strings or wires are permitted except in corsages. 2. Accessories may be used in any arrangement unless otherwise stated

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NOVICE EXHIBITORS - An exhibitor shall be considered a novice if he/she has never won a prize at a CHS Flower Show or at any other flower show, fair, etc. A novice may enter any class. Please be sure to check the box under your name on your Entry Tags and your Summary of Exhibits if you are a novice. This status is valid for one year only.

DEFINITIONS: (see OHA Publication 34/2003 for complete list) ANNUAL: A plant that normally completes its growth cycle from seed to seed. ARRANGEMENT: A combination of fresh/dried plant materials with/without accessories. BLOOM: An individual flower, one to a stem. Specimen blooms should be disbudded for exhibition purposes as buds count as a bloom. BOWL: A container that is broader at its widest part than it is high. CONTAINER: Any receptacle for plant material. In design classes, it is an essential component to complete the design. DESIGN: A combination of fresh and/or dried plant materials and accessories arranged to produce an artistic unit. A design incorporating an accessory should look incomplete if the accessory is removed. EXOTIC: A plant that cannot be grown outdoors year round in Canada. FOLIAGE: When the term “Own Foliage” is used, it means the kind produced by the species or cultivar of plant being exhibited. “Any Foliage” is to be interpreted as any natural foliage. MASS DESIGN: A design with a large quantity of plant material arranged in a closed silhouette with few or no voids. MINIATURE PLANT: A plant which is by nature or cultivation a miniature, and not an immature size of a normal plant. MODERN DESIGN: A design of 3 to 5 groups of plant material, juxtaposed to give a sculptural effect. It is a creative design, characterized by bold forms, sharp contrasts. It may be a solid mass or a mass with space. Containers are bold, strong and simple in structure. PERENNIAL: A herbaceous plant that lives for more than 2 years, e.g. Peony, Phlox. POTTED PLANT: A plant that has been growing long enough to have become established in the container in which it is shown. SHRUB: A woody perennial that has several main stems - grows lower than a tree. SPECIMEN: A single exhibit i.e. plant, stem, spike, or stalk. SPIKE: An upright stem carrying several flowers which are nearly stemless, e.g. Gladiolus. SPRAY: The terminal flowering growth of an herbaceous or woody plant carried on one stem. Buds and leaves are allowed. STALK OR STEM: A main plant structure which supports flowers, leaves, or fruit. A stalk may support several stems, e.g. Marigolds. VASE: A container whose height is greater than its width at its widest part.

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ROSE DEFINITIONS HYBRID TEA (Large flowered) Repeat bloomers on long stems; Peace, Tropicana. Blossoms are beautifully shaped with a high profile, making them excellent for showing. They need winter protection in our area (Zone 5). FLORIBUNDA (Cluster-flowered): Shorter and bushier than Hybrid Teas, Floribundas have large distinctive clusters of blossoms, e.g. Fashion, Apricot Nectar. These make great mass plantings, in beds or in borders. GRANDIFLORA: A tall upright rosebush which produces full-blossomed flowers, e.g. Queen Elizabeth, Chrysler Imperial. These display a good combination of Hybrid Tea (bush height) and Floribunda (single and clustered blooms) characteristics. POLYANTHA: Bushy, low-growing, well-foliated, prolific bloomers all season long with sprays of small double blossoms, e.g. The Fairy, Yesterday. CLIMBERS: Repeat flowering, Climbers’ canes grow so long they can be trained up and over a support, e.g. Blaze, Coral Dawn. Most produce double blooms. Frequent deadheading will produce more blooms. RUGOSA/RUGOSA HYBRIDS: Very winter hardy, disease resistant, easy to grow, bushy, with leather foliage and prickly canes, their flowers come single or double and bloom throughout the season. Their colourful hips last through the winter. SHRUB ROSES: A diverse group of roses which are bushy and produce sprays or clusters of blossoms. Most of our Canadian-bred roses come under this category, e.g. the Explorer series and the Morden series. ENGLISH: Bred mainly by David Austin, who describes them as “combining the delicate charm and fragrance of an Old Rose, with the wide colour range and summer-long flowering of a Modern Rose, e.g. Pretty Jessica, Constance Spry. These require winter protection in our area (Zone 5). ***** “Iron Your Roses” To keep aphids away from your roses, try this simple step of spraying them with iron chelates every three weeks. Also, apply to fruit trees and shrubs if the leaves turn yellow, and repeat every three weeks.

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FORMS of FLOWER DESIGN

SUGGESTIONS FOR EXHIBITORS WHAT YOU’LL NEED TO GET READY FOR THE SHOW: A sharp knife, a good set of gardening scissors, pruning shears, ratchet shears, a hammer, Stick-um adhesive putty, floral foam (check to see if it’s for wet or dry arrangements), and a good imagination! CONDITIONING: it is essential to pick your flowers in time to let them harden before making your arrangements or preparing your exhibits. Flowers need to be cut properly and at the proper time. The best time is early morning; next is evening after sundown and dew is formed. Before putting in warm water, cut the stems again at a long angle with a very sharp knife. This opens the stems to take up the most amount of water. Flowers with woody stems should not be cut again, so crush the bottom 3" of the stem with a hammer to open it. Some flowers bleed when cut, so it

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is necessary to seal the stem by burning the stems of poppies with a lighted match or sealing the stem with floral putty or placing stems in a shallow bowl of wood alcohol for half an hour. Flowers should be stripped of foliage on the lower third of the stem. In the case of roses, the thorns should be removed. Place the flowers in water with the lower third completely immersed. GROOMING: remove evidence of disease, bugs, dust, stains, pollen, and any foreign material. If you can, bring a few extra blooms to the show in a separate container to replace any that may be damaged, but be sure not to include more blooms than the class calls for. A bud showing colour is considered to be a bloom. Check pansies for extra buds. For interest’s sake, specimen exhibits should be named if possible. “Ontario Judging & Exhibiting Standards for Horticulture and Floral Design” Publication 34/2003 is the judges’ guide, a great help to exhibitors. *****

DESIGN DIVISION Judges look for specific principles when evaluating a design. These include: Balance – which provides visual stability from any angle; Rhythm – is the visual path which suggests motion in the design accomplished by the repetition of an element at intervals – these may be in line, form, colour, spacing or the repetition of curves or planes. Proportion – is the relative amount of one area to another, i.e. the amount of plant material to the container, the amount of round forms to linear forms, the amount of rough texture to smooth; Scale – the size relationship of all components; Contrast – achieved by juxtaposing elements in such a way as to emphasize difference; Dominance – the force of one element in the design which implies subordination of others.

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TREATMENT OF CUT FLOWERS Flower

When to Cut

How to Treat

Aster Half to fully open

Scrape ends of stem and stand in water full depth of stems for 2 hours. Add 1 tsp. sugar/qt. water.

Dahlia Fully open

Sear ends of stem in a flame then place in water with 1 handful of salt to 1 qt. of water

Daylily

Half to fully open

Flowers last 1 day only

Delphinium

Lower part fully open Scrape ends of stem. Add l tsp. alcohol /2qt. water

Gladiolus

As 2nd flower opens

Scrape ends of stem and place in strong vinegar water

Iris

As 1st bud opens

Scrape ends of stem.

‘Mums Fully open

Break stems off plants, scrape and crush end of stems. Sear over flame.

Peony

Scrape ends of stem.

Bud in colour to part open

Rose As 2nd petal opens

Scrape, crush or split ends of stems, dip in powdered alum and place in water. If rose tends to wilt, place ends of stem in boiling water for 5 minutes. Protect leaves, place full length of stem in warm water for 1 hour. Gentle blowing into the bloom will help it open. To keep early blooms for the show, refrigerate up to 3 days, place in water and put a plastic bag over bloom.

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CRAMAHE ECOLOGY GARDEN Hello Apple Country Garden Club, At our November MGM I found out to my surprise that I’ve been a member of the OHA for five years and also five years of being director of the Ecology Garden. Wow! Time flies when you’re having fun, as the saying goes. Being a part of this Garden Club has been a learning experience for me and very rewarding. Looking forward to more learning in the coming years. For us gardeners, 2018 started with the spring cleanup day near the end of April. We had a good turnout, discussed some issues and had lots of fun getting our hands dirty. Our next get together at the garden was around the middle of June and most of our time was spent weeding and trimming. Later in June with much help from Don Clark, another section of the water runoff was worked on, one more section to go, and that will hopefully solve the problem of the wood chips washing away and the erosion along the creek bank. July and August were pretty quiet months where members checked in at their own convenience to do whatever necessary. I visited the garden quite often to water the plants for those couple of months, mother nature didn’t supply much in the way of rain for us. October 26, we had our fall cleanup day. It wasn’t very nice weather wise, but we managed to get our work done anyway. The Ecology Garden is now dormant till spring 2019 when the cycle starts all over again. Many thanks to all EG Committee Members for their help with the upkeep of the Garden. At this time I would like to encourage everyone in our society, especially new members, to visit the ecology garden, you won’t be disappointed. Maybe you will want to get involved somehow, whether it’s sharing new ideas or physically helping with the regular upkeep, which is very much needed. Everyone is welcome. Thank you all Len Director Ecology Please join us in the Cramahe Ecology Garden, our growing concern!!

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ENTRY TAG & EXHIBIT SUMMARY Below are samples of the Entry Tag and the Exhibit Summary that are required for each show. Please try to have your tags filled out ahead of time. Be sure to check them for accuracy.

ENTRY TAG & EXHIBIT SUMMARY

Below are samples of the Entry Tag and the Exhibit Summary that are required for each show. Please try to have your tags filled out ahead of time. Be sure to check them for accuracy.

POINTS AVAILABLE IN fLOWER SHOWS DECORATIVE SECTION

1st place 7 points 2nd “ 6 points 3rd “ 5 points Awarded to non-winners 1 point

SPECIMENS, POTTED PLANTS, AND PHOTOGRAPHS

1st place 2nd “ 3rd “

4 points 3 points 2 points

BEST IN SHOW, BEST PHOTOGRAPH

Ribbons

5 points

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MINI SPRING FLOWER SHOW Tuesday, May 19, 2019 at 7:00 p.m.

Please bring your entries in to the Keeler Centre between 5:30 and 6:30 p.m. There will be categories for daffodils, narcissus, tulips, crocus, etc. and sprays of spring bloomers.

NB: This show will be judged by CHS members using marbles. Remember to attach an ENTRY TAG Landscaping: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly Speaker: Gary and Dianne Westlake Convener: Clair Breton and Len Salvati PESTICIDE ALTERNATIVES worth trying: Insecticidal Soap: 1 to 2 Tbsp. liquid soap (not detergent) with 1 quart water – spray on insects. Apple Maggot Bait: Combine 1 cup vinegar, 1 cup sugar, 1 gallon water, 1 banana peel into an open plastic bottle – hang in an apple tree. Ant Bait: Combine 1 tsp. boric acid, 6 Tbsp sugar, 2 cups boiling water – Saturate cotton balls with solution and place in a lidded plastic container with holes punched in the sides and bottom. Slug Egg Stopper: Combine 10 parts water, 1 part ammonia. Spray over plant before foliage opens. Dormant Oil Spray: Combine ½ pint mineral oil, 1 gallon warm water, 2 oz. liquid soap – spray on leaves in early spring, spray on fruit trees and roses on a winter day when the temperature is above freezing. Earwig Bait: Combine equal parts molasses and canola oil – place in the garden in a tuna tin and empty daily. Japanese Beetle Bait: Combine 2 cups water, 1 mashed banana, ½ cup sugar, ½ cup wine, ¼ tsp baking yeast – hang the fermented mixture in a tree. Moss killer: Apply iron sulphate in spring or early fall. Mosquito Repellants: Bounce Fabric Softener Sheets; Vick’s Vapor Rub; Avon Skin-So-Soft bath oil mixed about half and half with alcohol; pure Vanilla; or try eating a B1 vitamin tablet (Thiamine Hydrochloride 100 mg.) each day. Above all, avoid bananas at that time of year. Mosquitoes love banana oil as the body processes it. Super Herbicide: Combine pot of boiling vinegar, 2 Tbsp. salt, 1 tsp. liquid soap – Pour when boiling on weeds in pavers or flagstones.

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JUNE flower show Tuesday June 18, 2019

All exhibits must be in the Keeler Centre between 4:30 and 5:30 a.m., ready for judging.

Building Biodiversity with Native Plants Speaker: Paul LaPorte Convenor: Kris Rahn Results are determined by a judge at this show. RIBBONS ARE GIVEN FOR: BEST ROSE BEST DECORATIVE BEST POTTED PLANT BEST EXHIBIT

HORTICULTURAL SECTION Roses Hybrid Tea

1. One Bloom

Floribunda

2. One Spray

Grandiflora

3. One Spray

Polyantha 4. One Spray

Canadian Bred Roses 5. One Spray

(i.e. Explorer, Morden, Fleming, etc.)

Other Roses

6. Shrub – including Rugosa and Canadian-bred One Spray 7. Miniature (not mini flora) – One Spray 8. English Bred (e.g. David Austin) One Bloom or Spray 9. Other (e.g. carpet, patio, ground cover) One Bloom or Spray 10. Rose floating in a bowl Delphinium - one spike

11. Blue 12. Any other colour

Iris –

13. Tall bearded, blue/purple – one stalk 14. Tall bearded, pink – one stalk 15. Tall bearded, multicolour – one stalk 16. Tall bearded, any other solid colour – one stalk 17. Medium bearded, blue/purple – one stalk 18. Medium bearded, pink – one stalk 19. Medium bearded, multicolour – one stalk 20. Medium bearded, any other solid colour – one stalk 21. Beardless – (i.e. Siberian, Japanese) - three stalks

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Other Flowers

alike 22. Bulbous, English, Spanish, Dutch – three stalks 23. Any other – multibloom – one stalk 24. Bleeding Heart (dicentra) – one stem 25. Campanula – one stalk 26. Clematis – three blooms the same colour 27. Columbine – one stalk 28. Daylily – (hemerocalis, ie.Stella d’Oro) – one scape (may have additional buds) 29. Digitalis, Foxglove – one stem 30. Gaillardia – three stems 31. Hosta without bloom – three different cultivars, similar in size 32. Lily (lilium), any variety – one stem 33. Pansy – three stems 34. Pelargonim – three blooms 35. Peony – Single – one bloom 36. Peony – Semi-double, pink, one bloom 37. Peony – Semi-double, white, one bloom 38. Peony – Semi-double, red, one bloom 39. Peony – Double – pink, one bloom 40. Peony – Double – white, one bloom 41. Peony – Double – red, one bloom 42. Peony – any other, one bloom 43. Loosestrife – 3 stems 44. Any annual – one stem or bloom 45. Any other biennial – one stem 46. Any other biennial – three stems 47. Any other perennial – one stem 48. Any other perennial – three stems

POTTED PLANTS – should be owned by exhibitor for at least 3 months (see rules) African Violets (one pot - all, except trailing, must have single crown) 49. Single, any colour 50. Double or semi-double, any colour Flowering Potted Plants (no larger than 24 inches in any direction - grown primarily for flowers) 51. Succulent (includes cacti) 52. Pelargonium 53. Gloxinia 54. Ivy Geranium 55. Orchid

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56. Any other

Foliage Potted Plants (no larger than 24 inches in any direction - grown primarily for interesting foliage 57. Begonia 58. Collection of cacti and or succulents 59. Succulent without flower (includes cacti) 60. Any other DECORATIVE SECTION

“From the Kitchen Garden``

61. “Kitchen Delights” - a miniature, not to exceed (5”) in any direction

62. “Aromas” - an arrangement incorporating herbs

63. “In Grandma`s Kitchen” - an arrangement incorporating something from the kitchen.

64. “Bountiful” - a decorated fruit or vegetable

65. “Tea Time” – a design in a tea cup incorporating roses 66. “Cucumber Sandwich” - a horizontal foliage design

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VEGETABLE, FLOWER AND DECORATIVE FLOWER SHOW Convenor: JoAnne Titus

Tuesday, September 17, 2019 Please bring entries to the Keeler Centre 4:30 - 5:30 pm

VEGETABLES

POLLINATOR GARDEN DESIGN Speaker: Susan Chan Nomination for officers for 2020

1. Beans – any variety - 5 2. Beets – roots on tops trimmed to 1” - 3 3. Carrots – any variety - roots on, tops trimmed to 1” above crown – 3 4. Cucumber – any variety – 3 5. Kale/Chard – 3 leaves 6. Sweet Pepper – any variety – 1 7. Hot Pepper – any variety – 3 8. Potatoes – White – brushed clean, skin unbroken – 3 9. Potatoes – any colour – brushed clean, skin unbroken – 3 10. Squash – Summer – 1

11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Squash – Winter – 1 Tomatoes – large (2 1/2”) with calyx – 1 Tomatoes – medium (up to 2 1/2”) with calyx – 3 Tomatoes – any Heritage – with calyx – named – 3 Tomatoes – Cherry – any variety with calyx – 6 Tomatoes – Collection – 3-5 varieties, excluding Cherry – with calyx – named Herb Collection – picked – minimum 5 – named Any other Heritage vegetable- named – 1 Any oter vegetable – named – 1 Vegetable Basket – collection of at least 5 different vegetables – 1-3 of each kind

HORTICULTURE

GLADIOLUS – any size florets 21. Mauve, purple, lilac – 1 spike 22. Pink, red – 1 spike 23. Orange, peach, bronze, coral – 1 spike 24. Yellow, white, cream, greeen – 1 spike 25. Collection – a variety of colours – maximum 9 spikes 26. Collection – same variety – 3 spikes 27. Aster – annual or perennial – 1 stem 28. Cosmos – any variety – 3 stems 29. Echinacea – any variety – 3 stems 30. Pelargonium (annual geranium) – 1 flower head

DAHLIAS – in a vase with stem and own foliage 38. Decorative – any size – 1 stem 39. Cactus/ Semi-cactus – any size – 1 stem

with foliage 31. Phlox – in a vase with stem and own foliage – any size, 1 stem 32. Fall blooming Rose – any variety – 1 stem or spray 33. Sedum – any variety – 1 stem 34. Zinnia – any variety – 3 stems 35. Any other annual – 3 stems – named 36. Any other Perennial – 1 stem – named 37. Collection – Annuals and/or Perennials – 5 different varieties – named

40. Ball – any size – 3 stems 41. Any other variety – 1 stem

PHLOX – FLOWER OF THE YEAR DECORATIVE

42. “Save it for the Winter” - design incorporating a canning jar 43. “Picture Perfect” - framed dried plant material 44. “Autumns Coming” - design of your choice

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OCTOBER PHOTOGRAPHY SHOW And Other Garden Related Media

Please bring your photographs to the Keeler Centre between 5:30 p.m. and 6:30 p.m.

Tuesday October 15, 2019 Convenor: Valerie Detenbeck Will be judged

Garden Related Media. Please bring your paintings, needlework etc. to the Keeler Centre at 7:00 p.m. (for the Show-Off Table) At this meeting there will be a call for nominations for the Board for 2020 Decorative Workshop – Pumpkin Center Piece KAREN PRINS AND VALERIE DETENBECK

PHOTOGRAPHY SHOW CATEGORIES FOR PHOTOGRAPH ENTRIES 1. On The Feeder 2. Bugs and Roses 3. Blowing in the Wind 4. Autumn – A Riot of Colour

5. Winter Garden Scene 6. A Pot, Tub or Window Box 7. Good to Eat 8. A Perennial at Close Range

ENTRY RULES 1. Members may submit only one entry per class. 2. Photos must have been taken in the previous twenty-four months. 3. Photos should be 4” x 6”, mounted on stiff board, measuring 5” x 7” overall. 4. At the judge’s discretion, classes may also be subdivided, i.e. distance and close-up. 5. The judge will choose the photo from among the entries which, in his/her opinion, is Best in Show, whether or not that photo has won in its class. PHOTO TIPS from NEVILLE GLENN • • •

Make sure the flower appears large and fills your camera screen; if possible use Macro. Try to get the background as plain as possible so as not to distract from the flower. For best colours, take the photo with morning or late afternoon light. RIBBONS are given for BEST PHOTO IN SHOW

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2018 AWARDS AND TROPHIES Arthur and Marjorie Rutherford Trophy Valerie Detenbeck Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points in shows over the season. Hoselton Studio Trophy Awarded annually to the novice with the most points.

Cori Hall

Joan and Harold Harnden Silver Rose Bowl Valerie Detenbeck Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points in the Decorative Section. Amy Gresham Memorial Trophy Pat Johnston Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points for the ‘Flower of the Year’ – iris. 25th Anniversary Trophy Valerie Detenbeck Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points in the Potted Plant Section (trophy donated by Joan Fawcett) Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Rose Bowl Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points for Roses.

Valerie Detenbeck

Photography Trophy Valerie Detenbeck Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points in the Photography Section (trophy donated by Lenna Broatch).

2018 certificateS of appreciation PEGGY HOWDEN Jim Detenbeck Karen Prins Suzie Kurz LEN SALVATI Trish O`Brien

CLAIR BRETON KRIS RAHN Jo Anne Titus VALERIE DETENBECK Debbie Russo Margaret Pafford

Nancy Riggers Cori Hall Pat Johnston Rosa Lee-Osinga

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BRING SPRING EARLY INTO YOUR HOME! Towards the end of February select branches of spring flowering shrubs to bring indoors. Choose your specimens carefully so that the overall appearance of the shrub is not compromised and cut next to an outward facing bud. A mild day when the temperature is above freezing makes this a pleasant task and helps the branches to make a successful move into the warmth. Put the branches into warm water and add a flower preservative to help prolong the vase life. Keep the container in a cool, partially shaded place until the buds start to show colour. Then move the flowering branches into your chosen location. Forsythia and Pussy Willow respond well to this treatment. Other shrubs that can be forced are Bridle Wreath Spirea, Flowering Quince, Honeysuckle, Serviceberry and Redtwig Dogwood. It is best to cut Lilac, Mock Orange and Rhododendron later in March.

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GLOSSARY OF TERMS Mark Cullen defined the terms used to describe plants in the following way: Genus: The family or large group from which a plant is derived. Species: A group of plants capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring. Variety: This is the last name on a plant label often denoting hybridization. For example: Paeonia lactiflora Doreen. Paeonia is the genus, lactiflora is the species and Doreen is the variety or cultivar. Other Useful Terms: Open Pollinated: This term is usually associated with vegetables. These are cultivars that have been pollinated naturally by insects, wind or self-pollination. The seeds of these vegetables will produce plants that are true to the parent plants. Hybrid: Two closely related species are mated mostly synthetically in order to produce an improvement over the originals. In the case of flowering plants this would involve either colour or a longer flowering period or, in the case of vegetables, better flavour and improved productivity. The downside is that the seeds of such plants will not necessarily be identical to the parent. Organic: Seeds and plants that carry this label have been produced under strict guidelines and regulations. The land on which these plants were grown has been free of toxic chemicals for at least three years and they have been grown strictly without the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. The use of sewage sludge, irradiation and genetic engineering are also prohibited. Heirloom: These plants have a history of at least 50 years of open pollination. Such vegetables often have a better flavour than newer hybrids. It is important to note that, in the past 40 years of so, we have lost more than 2,000 fruit and vegetable cultivars. The Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation in the U.S. estimates that 96 per cent of the commercial vegetable cultivars that were available in 1903 are now extinct.

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Profile for Willow Publishing

Cramahe Horticultural Society Year Book 2019  

Cramahe Horticultural Society Year Book 2019

Cramahe Horticultural Society Year Book 2019  

Cramahe Horticultural Society Year Book 2019