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a member of the ontario horticultural ASSOCIATION

CRAMAHE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY YEAR BOOK 2017

Flower of the Year – Gladiolus


CRAMAHE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY OFFICERS FOR 2017 President Past President Vice President Secretary Treasurer

Sharron MacDonald Cathy Galt Jim Detenbeck Trish O’Brien Clair Breton

905 355 2691 905 355 2394 905-355 5266 905 355 2338 905 355 5133

DIRECTORS FOR 2017 Advertising & Publicity Carol McArthur 905 355 2665 Ecology Garden Len Salvati 905 355 5133 Community Garden Len Salvati 905 355 5133 Librarian Debbie Russo 905 344 5990 Member at Large Karen Prins 905 355 1309 Membership Barrie Wood and 905 355 3137 Lorelyn Morgan 905 355 3137 Newsletter Lorelyn Morgan 905 355 3137 Telephoning Bea Fredenburgh 613 475 4093 Scrapbook & Poster Bd. Clare Phillips 905 355 3254 Speakers’ Chairperson Sharron MacDonald 905 355 2691 Sunshine Marg Pafford 613 439 9160 CONVENORS Social Convenor Suzie & Fred Kurz 905 355 1425 Show Awards Chairperson Karen Prins 905-355 1309 May Flower Show Valerie Detenbeck 905-355 5266 June Flower Show Kris Rahn 905-344 508 Sept. Flower/Vegetable/ JoAnne Titus 905 344 7484 Decorative Show Oct. Photography Show Peggy Howden 905 355 2000 Year Book Sharron MacDonald 905 355 2691 Plant Sale Jo Anne Titus 905 344 7484

sharron@start.ca grammiegalt@gmail.com detenbeckgary@gmail.com twillow_51@hotmail.com clairbreton@bell.net mcarthur.198@sympatico.ca len.ls@bell.net len.ls@bell.net debbicrusso@gmail.com theqqc@gmail.com barriewood@gmail.com lgm@sympatico.ca lgm@sympatico.ca c.phillips@sympatico.ca sharron@start.ca mpafford@cogeco.ca suzie_fred kurz@kurzdesign.com theqqc@gmail.com detenbeckjg@gmail.com krisrahn@eagle.ca garyandjoannetitus@gmail.com sharron@start.ca garyandjoannetitus@gmail.com

Financial Reviewers Lenna Broatch and Peggy Howden /Auditors OHA, the Ontario Horticultural Association, is led by a member elected executive and 19 District Directors. President: Suzanne Hanna, 1st V.P. Rose Odell Cramahe Horticultural Society is a part of OHA District 4. Our District is led by: District Director: Dianne Westlake, 705-742-9167, district4@gardenontario.org Assistant Directors: Carol Mitchell, Dennis Miluck, Pam Chellew Secretary: Bev Silk Treasurer: Leslie Hollick Email: cramahe.hort@gmail.com • Websites: www.cramahehort.ca; www.gardenontario.org. Follow us on Facebook: Cramahe Horticultural Society

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PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE As I reflect on my third term as President, I am thankful to my Executive and the Board of Directors for helping to make it such a successful year. We have filled all the positions on the Executive and the Board of Directors and I am very happy to say that I will have a Vice President for the coming year. Maybe 2017 will be the year I can finally “hang up my hat” as President!! Thank you to those who are stepping down this year and welcome aboard to some new faces. I look forward to working with you all. We had many interesting speakers this year, from how to work properly in your garden to protect your back, native and rare plants, container gardening, growing garlic and how to close your garden for the winter. We held our usual Spring Flower Show, the Summer Flower Show, the Vegetable and Decorative Flower Show and our Annual Photography Show. I am pleased to report that we saw a marked increase in participation at all the shows this year and I thank you all for taking the plunge and trying your hand at something new! Our Plant Sale in May was very successful -- our best one day sale ever. This year we decided to join in the Annual Trash and Treasure sale and this was also very well attended and proved to be a great fundraiser. We held a number of clean up sessions at the Ecology Garden and we were very fortunate to have help from the Day of Sharing on two separate occasions and they provided plants and extra muscle, which was much appreciated. We also continued our efforts to try and get funding for our Community Garden -- an ongoing process with many twists and turns along the way. We have not given up on our dream of having a Community Garden and we have now received permission from the township to start some raised beds on the south side of the ball diamonds at Rotary Centennial Park and these will be available in the Spring of 2017. We continue to look after the garden at the Town Hall in Castleton and we also planted 12 hanging baskets for Victoria Square Park. The Ecology Garden was once again the setting for our Annual Potluck Picnic in August. Due to bad weather, the picnic had to be put off for a week and unfortunately, the attendance was down. Those of us who did attend enjoyed ourselves and the potluck dishes were awesome, as usual!! I am also pleased to announce that we gave out our first Scholarship this year to a student at East Northumberland Secondary School. We had a number of members attend the local District #4 events and we had 2 members attend the Annual OHA Convention held in Waterloo. Our Newsletter continues to be amazing with lot’s of content -- thanks to the membership for submitting recipes and articles. The Website and Facebook page are still being visited often and are well received. Of note, the Facebook page is visited by people from all over the world....I guess gardening is something everyone enjoys!! 2017 promises to be another great year for our Society with many new speakers and workshops booked for the membership. We will continue to provide education, knowledge and beautification in the coming year. The success of our Society depends on the membership and we hope we can count on you in 2017 to help us to move forward as valued and involved members of our Community. I would like to thank the Executive, Board and the members for your help in the past year and I hope that I can count on you all to help make 2017 a successful year for our Society!! Sharron MacDonald

WE GRATEFULLY ACKNOWLEDGE THE SUPPORT OF THE CRAMAHE TOWNSHIP COUNCIL AND THE ONTARIO MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, FOOD, AND RURAL AFFAIRS.

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PROGRAM, SHOW DATES & SPECIAL EVENTS

Meetings are held at 7:00 p.m. on the third Tuesday at the Keeler Centre. Note change of time Jan-March. A show-off table will be available each month JANUARY Tuesday 17 At 1:30 pm FEBRUARY Tuesday 21 At 1:30 pm

Catherine Pharr Trail and Native Plants JOYCE HIGGS Photography Category of the Month – Winter Wonderland

MARCH Tuesday 21 At 1:30 pm

Victory Gardens ROBBIE PRESTON Photography Category of the Month – My Garden in Winter Whats New for 2017 DAWN GOLLOHER FROM GARDENS PLUS Photography Category of the Month – Spring Awakening

APRIL Saturday 1 OHA District #4 AGM, Fenelon Falls Friday 7 – 9 Peterborough Garden Show – Evinrude Centre Sunday 16 - 22 Earth Week Tuesday 18 Decorative Workshop CHAUNCY PERRY, FLOURISHES FLOWER SHOP Photography Category of the Month – Easter Joy Friday 28 Ecology Garden Clean-up MAY Tuesday 16 Mini Spring Flower Show (judged by members) What’s the Buzz LISA JONES, BEEKEEPER Convenor: Valerie Detenbeck Sat. 27 PLANT SALE Convenor: Jo Anne Titus Victoria Square, Colborne Gently used garden items welcome. JUNE Wednesday 14 OHA District #4 Lunch & Awards, Naval Club, Peterborough Monday 10 18 Garden Week Ontario Tuesday 20 Succulent Sensations LESLIE SHERK SUMMER FLOWER SHOW Convenor: Kris Rahn JULY Friday 21 - 23

OHA Convention, Sheraton Parkways Convention Centre Richmond Hill

AUGUST Tuesday 15 Picnic Potluck at the Ecology Centre Convenor: Sharron MacDonald SEPTEMBER Tuesday 19 Vegetable and Decorative Flower Show Pure Joy Herbal Creations JOY CAMERON AND JOHANNA WIERSMA Convenor: JoAnne Titus Nominations for Officers for 2018 OCTOBER Tuesday 17 Corsage Workshop ROSE ODELL AND KRIS RAHN PHOTOGRAPHY SHOW, Convenor: Peggy Howden Nominations for Officers for 2018 Saturday 28 OHA District #4 Fall Seminar, Dunsford NOVEMBER Tuesday 21

CHS ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING, Pot Luck and Awards Dinner at 6:00 p.m. – Doors Open at 5:00 p.m. Election and Installation of Officers for 2018

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OHA SERVICE AWARDS Many members have dedicated themselves to improving our society. The members listed below were presented with OHA Service Awards after serving over ten years towards the success of our Society: 1976 – Amy Gresham 1977 – Helen Rose 1978 – Cora Reid 1980 – Gordon Smith 1981 – Linda Mitchell 1982 – Elizabeth Rutherford 1983 – Harry Mayne 1984 – Shirley and Bob Griffith 1985 – Marjorie Vaughan 1986 – Ida Mills 1987 – Cicely Scroggs 1988 – Beatrice Turney 1989 – Gloria Taube 1990 – Peg Tozek, Harold & Ada Winter 1991 – Harold and Gladys Black

1992 – Helen Dance 1993 – Mary Bloomer 1994 – Kay Island 1995 – Ivy and George Maskell 1996 – Irene Osborne 1997 – Joyce Murray 1998 – Vi Morrison 1999 – Jean and Jacques Filteau 2003 – Agnes Lee 2004 – Gayle Barrett 2006 – Mary Jackson 2007 – Sandra Compton 2008 – Jill and John Seller 2012 – Lenna Broatch

CHS LIFE MEMBERS Marjorie Bailey, Sandra Compton, Jean Filteau, Mary Guest, Isabel Gummow, Irene Osborne, Cicely Scroggs, Jill Sellers

IN MEMORIAM CHS purchases a magazine subscription, the Ontario Gardener, for the Cramahe Libraries in remembrance of past members. It is CHS policy to enter the names of deceased members into the OHA Book of Remembrance along with a donation. Funds raised from these donations are returned to Societies by OHA in the form of a number of awards towards the planting of trees.

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CHS FLOWER OF THE YEAR The genus Gladiolus contains about 260 species, of which 250 are native to subSaharan Africa, mostly South Africa. About 10 species are native to Eurasia. There are 160 species of Gladiolus endemic in southern Africa and 76 in tropical Africa. The flowers of unmodified wild species vary from very small to perhaps 40 mm across, and inflorescences bearing anything from one to several flowers. The spectacular giant flower spikes in commerce are the products of centuries of hybridisation, selection, and perhaps more drastic manipulation. Gladioli are half-hardy in temperate climates. They grow from rounded, symmetrical corms, that are enveloped in several layers of brownish, fibrous tunics. Their stems are generally unbranched, producing 1 to 9 narrow, sword-shaped, longitudinal grooved leaves, enclosed in a sheath. The lowest leaf is shortened to a cataphyll. The leaf blades can be plane or cruciform in cross section. The flower spikes are large and one-sided, with secund, bisexual flowers, each subtended by 2 leathery, green bracts. The sepals and the petals are almost identical in appearance, and are termed tepals. They are united at their base into a tube-shaped structure. The dorsal tepal is the largest, arching over the three stamens. The outer three tepals are narrower. The perianth is funnel-shaped, with the stamens attached to its base. The style has three filiform, spoon-shaped branches, each expanding towards the apex. The ovary is 3-locular with oblong or globose capsules, containing many, winged brown, longitudinally dehiscent seeds. In their center must be noticeable the specific pellet-like structure which is the real seed without the fine coat. In some seeds this feature is wrinkled with black color. These seeds are unable to germinate. These flowers are variously colored, pink to reddish or light purple with white, contrasting markings, or white to cream or orange to red. The South African species were originally pollinated by long-tongued anthrophorine bees, but some changes in the pollination system have occurred, allowing pollination by sunbirds, noctuid and Hawk-moths, long-tongued flies and several others. In the temperate zones of Europe many of the hybrid large flowering sorts of gladiolus can be pollinated by small well-known wasps. Actually, they are not very good pollinators because of the large flowers of the plants and the small size of the wasps. Another insect in this zone which can try some of the nectar of the gladioli is the best-known European Hawk-moth Macroglossum stellatarum which usually pollinates many popular garden flowers like Petunia, Zinnia, Dianthus and others. Gladioli are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the Large Yellow Underwing. The Gladioli is also the official flower of Elmira Ontario in Canada adopted by the council on March 15, 1926. Gladioli have been extensively hybridized and a wide range of ornamental flower colours are available from the many varieties. The main hybrid groups have been obtained by crossing between four or five species, followed by selection: Grandiflorus, Primulines and Nanus. They make very good cut flowers. The majority of the species in this genus are diploid with 30 chromosomes but the Grandiflora hybrids are tetraploid and possess 60 chromosomes. This is because the main parental species of these hybrids is Gladiolus dalenii which is also tetraploid and includes a wide range of varieties (like the Grandiflora hybrids).

flower OF THE YEAR history

2000 – Begonia 2001 – Geranium 2002 – Lily 2003 – Daisy 2004 – Clematis 2005 – Cactus

2006 – Marigold 2007 – Rose 2008 – Flowering Shrub 2009 – Native plants and Trees 2010 – Annual Aster 2011 – Bergamot

2012 – Salvia 2013 – Allium 2014 – Iris 2015 – Peony 2016 – Lupin 2017 – Gladiolus

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FLOWER SHOW RULES GENERAL 1. Entries may be exhibited by members only. 2. All exhibits must be created by the member and grown in the exhibitor’s garden, unless otherwise stated. Materials from roadsides, fields, streams, woods, and general countryside may be used where appropriate. 3. Exhibits must be received in good time for judging – late entries will not be accepted. (see Show Schedule). Each exhibitor must label their entries. If possible, entry tags should be filled in prior to arrival at the show location. Entries must not be removed until the end of the show. 4. Exhibitors must furnish their own containers and remove them after the show. CHS will not be responsible for loss of or damage to containers. 5. The decision of the judge(s) shall be final. At the judge’s discretion, any class which contains different varieties in the same category may be divided. Also, in any class with seven or more entries, an Honourable Mention may be awarded. HORTICULTURAL 1. Exhibitors may place one entry only in each class. 2. When the number of blooms, sprays, etc. is stated, this must be adhered to, otherwise the entry will be disqualified. A bud showing colour is counted as a bloom. (Watch pansies particularly.) Buds are allowed on sprays. Each entry is to be shown with own foliage, attached if possible. Carefully remove any finished blooms and damaged or diseased leaves. 3. Please make sure there are no bugs of any kind on entries. If insects are discovered, the entry will be removed from the show. 4. Potted plants must be owned by the exhibitor for at least three months prior to showing. DECORATIVE 1. No artificial flowers may be used, unless otherwise stated, and no strings or wires are permitted except in corsages. 2. Accessories may be used in any arrangement unless otherwise stated

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NOVICE EXHIBITORS - An exhibitor shall be considered a novice if he/she has never won a prize at a CHS Flower Show or at any other flower show, fair, etc. A novice may enter any class. Please be sure to check the box under your name on your Entry Tags and your Summary of Exhibits if you are a novice. This status is valid for one year only.

DEFINITIONS: (see OHA Publication 34/2003 for complete list) ANNUAL: A plant that normally completes its growth cycle from seed to seed. ARRANGEMENT: A combination of fresh/dried plant materials with/without accessories. BLOOM: An individual flower, one to a stem. Specimen blooms should be disbudded for exhibition purposes as buds count as a bloom. BOWL: A container that is broader at its widest part than it is high. CONTAINER: Any receptacle for plant material. In design classes, it is an essential component to complete the design. DESIGN: A combination of fresh and/or dried plant materials and accessories arranged to produce an artistic unit. A design incorporating an accessory should look incomplete if the accessory is removed. EXOTIC: A plant that cannot be grown outdoors year round in Canada. FOLIAGE: When the term “Own Foliage” is used, it means the kind produced by the species or cultivar of plant being exhibited. “Any Foliage” is to be interpreted as any natural foliage. MASS DESIGN: A design with a large quantity of plant material arranged in a closed silhouette with few or no voids. MINIATURE PLANT: A plant which is by nature or cultivation a miniature, and not an immature size of a normal plant. MODERN DESIGN: A design of 3 to 5 groups of plant material, juxtaposed to give a sculptural effect. It is a creative design, characterized by bold forms, sharp contrasts. It may be a solid mass or a mass with space. Containers are bold, strong and simple in structure. PERENNIAL: A herbaceous plant that lives for more than 2 years, e.g. Peony, Phlox. POTTED PLANT: A plant that has been growing long enough to have become established in the container in which it is shown. SHRUB: A woody perennial that has several main stems - grows lower than a tree. SPECIMEN: A single exhibit i.e. plant, stem, spike, or stalk. SPIKE: An upright stem carrying several flowers which are nearly stemless, e.g. Gladiolus. SPRAY: The terminal flowering growth of an herbaceous or woody plant carried on one stem. Buds and leaves are allowed. STALK OR STEM: A main plant structure which supports flowers, leaves, or fruit. A stalk may support several stems, e.g. Marigolds. VASE: A container whose height is greater than its width at its widest part.

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ROSE DEFINITIONS HYBRID TEA (Large flowered) Repeat bloomers on long stems; Peace, Tropicana. Blossoms are beautifully shaped with a high profile, making them excellent for showing. They need winter protection in our area (Zone 5). FLORIBUNDA (Cluster-flowered): Shorter and bushier than Hybrid Teas, Floribundas have large distinctive clusters of blossoms, e.g. Fashion, Apricot Nectar. These make great mass plantings, in beds or in borders. GRANDIFLORA: A tall upright rosebush which produces full-blossomed flowers, e.g. Queen Elizabeth, Chrysler Imperial. These display a good combination of Hybrid Tea (bush height) and Floribunda (single and clustered blooms) characteristics. POLYANTHA: Bushy, low-growing, well-foliated, prolific bloomers all season long with sprays of small double blossoms, e.g. The Fairy, Yesterday. CLIMBERS: Repeat flowering, Climbers’ canes grow so long they can be trained up and over a support, e.g. Blaze, Coral Dawn. Most produce double blooms. Frequent deadheading will produce more blooms. RUGOSA/RUGOSA HYBRIDS: Very winter hardy, disease resistant, easy to grow, bushy, with leather foliage and prickly canes, their flowers come single or double and bloom throughout the season. Their colourful hips last through the winter. SHRUB ROSES: A diverse group of roses which are bushy and produce sprays or clusters of blossoms. Most of our Canadian-bred roses come under this category, e.g. the Explorer series and the Morden series. ENGLISH: Bred mainly by David Austin, who describes them as “combining the delicate charm and fragrance of an Old Rose, with the wide colour range and summer-long flowering of a Modern Rose, e.g. Pretty Jessica, Constance Spry. These require winter protection in our area (Zone 5). ***** “Iron Your Roses” To keep aphids away from your roses, try this simple step of spraying them with iron chelates every three weeks. Also, apply to fruit trees and shrubs if the leaves turn yellow, and repeat every three weeks.

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FORMS of FLOWER DESIGN

SUGGESTIONS FOR EXHIBITORS WHAT YOU’LL NEED TO GET READY FOR THE SHOW: A sharp knife, a good set of gardening scissors, pruning shears, ratchet shears, a hammer, Stick-um adhesive putty, floral foam (check to see if it’s for wet or dry arrangements), and a good imagination! CONDITIONING: it is essential to pick your flowers in time to let them harden before making your arrangements or preparing your exhibits. Flowers need to be cut properly and at the proper time. The best time is early morning; next is evening after sundown and dew is formed. Before putting in warm water, cut the stems again at a long angle with a very sharp knife. This opens the stems to take up the most amount of water. Flowers with woody stems should not be cut again, so crush the bottom 3" of the stem with a hammer to open it. Some flowers bleed when cut, so it

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is necessary to seal the stem by burning the stems of poppies with a lighted match or sealing the stem with floral putty or placing stems in a shallow bowl of wood alcohol for half an hour. Flowers should be stripped of foliage on the lower third of the stem. In the case of roses, the thorns should be removed. Place the flowers in water with the lower third completely immersed. GROOMING: remove evidence of disease, bugs, dust, stains, pollen, and any foreign material. If you can, bring a few extra blooms to the show in a separate container to replace any that may be damaged, but be sure not to include more blooms than the class calls for. A bud showing colour is considered to be a bloom. Check pansies for extra buds. For interest’s sake, specimen exhibits should be named if possible. “Ontario Judging & Exhibiting Standards for Horticulture and Floral Design” Publication 34/2003 is the judges’ guide, a great help to exhibitors. *****

DESIGN DIVISION Judges look for specific principles when evaluating a design. These include: Balance – which provides visual stability from any angle; Rhythm – is the visual path which suggests motion in the design accomplished by the repetition of an element at intervals – these may be in line, form, colour, spacing or the repetition of curves or planes. Proportion – is the relative amount of one area to another, i.e. the amount of plant material to the container, the amount of round forms to linear forms, the amount of rough texture to smooth; Scale – the size relationship of all components; Contrast – achieved by juxtaposing elements in such a way as to emphasize difference; Dominance – the force of one element in the design which implies subordination of others.

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TREATMENT OF CUT FLOWERS Flower

When to Cut

How to Treat

Aster Half to fully open

Scrape ends of stem and stand in water full depth of stems for 2 hours. Add 1 tsp. sugar/qt. water.

Dahlia Fully open

Sear ends of stem in a flame then place in water with 1 handful of salt to 1 qt. of water

Daylily

Half to fully open

Flowers last 1 day only

Delphinium

Lower part fully open Scrape ends of stem. Add l tsp. alcohol /2qt. water

Gladiolus

As 2nd flower opens

Scrape ends of stem and place in strong vinegar water

Iris

As 1st bud opens

Scrape ends of stem.

‘Mums Fully open

Break stems off plants, scrape and crush end of stems. Sear over flame.

Peony

Scrape ends of stem.

Bud in colour to part open

Rose As 2nd petal opens

Scrape, crush or split ends of stems, dip in powdered alum and place in water. If rose tends to wilt, place ends of stem in boiling water for 5 minutes. Protect leaves, place full length of stem in warm water for 1 hour. Gentle blowing into the bloom will help it open. To keep early blooms for the show, refrigerate up to 3 days, place in water and put a plastic bag over bloom.

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CRAMAHE ECOLOGY GARDEN For those of you who are new to the Society, the Ecology Garden is located on Rotary Centennial Park Drive and you may want to check it out as it is a wonderful place to visit. For some quiet time, snap a photo of your favourite flower or enjoy the fragrance of the many different flowers and herbs we grow and maintain throughout the year. After a long winter, members met at the end of April for the annual spring cleanup. We got reaquainted, shared some thoughts and simply enjoyed the wonders of spring. In June, we had the perfect work day at the garden with the help of two Cameco employees volunteering as part of the “DAY OF SHARING” program in collaboration with Northumberland United Way. We planted a number of flowers and spread a truck load of mulch, all donated by local businesses. The next big event at the garden was our yearly picnic in August; it was a good turnout with lot’s of wonderful food enjoyed with great company and everyone had an opportunity to visit the garden. Our last workday of the season took place on October 8th, the Fall Cleanup and we were very fortunate once again to have two employees of Lakefront Utilities help us with putting the garden to sleep for the winter ahead. Many thanks go to Northumberland United Way, Cameco, Lakefront Utilities and everyone who participated in helping us keep Ontario beautiful. Thank You, Len Salvati Director Ecology Garden

COMMUNITY GARDEN The idea of a Community Garden in Colborne is still alive even though we have not been successful in obtaining a grant from the Ontario Trillium Foundation. Many hours have been spent on research, meetings, contractor’s quotes and the actual applications, but we are not giving up! We are still actively pursuing a grant for 2017 as the government has reinstated the Capital Grant Stream that we would be eligible to apply for. As well, we are also searching for other avenues of fundraising. As we wait to proceed with the grant, we have been given Township approval to build five raised beds on the south end of the baseball diamonds, next to the Ecology Garden. This will happen in the spring of 2017. In the meantime, we need to advertise the idea and word of the mouth is one good way. We are also open to accepting donations, whether they be monetary, lumber or triple mix. We thank everyone for the support we have received for this project so far and look forward to a success in the coming year. Len Salvati Director Community Garden Please join us in the Cramahe Ecology and Community Gardens, our growing concerns!!

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ENTRY TAG & EXHIBIT SUMMARY Below are samples of the Entry Tag and the Exhibit Summary that are required for each show. Please try to have your tags filled out ahead of time. Be sure to check them for accuracy.

EnTRY TAG & EXHIBIT SUMMARY

Below are samples of the Entry Tag and the Exhibit Summary that are required for each show. Please try to have your tags filled out ahead of time. Be sure to check them for accuracy.

POInTS AVAILABLE In fLOWER SHOWS DECORATIVE SECTIOn

1st place 7 points 6 points 2nd “ 5 points 3rd “ Awarded to non-winners 1 point

SPECIMEnS, POTTED PLAnTS, AnD PHOTOGRAPHS

1st place 2nd “ 3rd “

4 points 3 points 2 points

BEST In SHOW, BEST PHOTOGRAPH

Ribbons

5 points

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MINI SPRING FLOWER SHOW Tuesday, May 16, 2017 at 7:00 p.m.

Please bring your entries in to the Keeler Centre between 5:30 and 6:30 p.m. There will be categories for daffodils, narcissus, tulips, crocus, etc. and sprays of spring bloomers. NB: This show will be judged by CHS members using marbles. Remember to attach an ENTRY TAG

What’s the Buzz Speaker: LISA JONES, BEEKEEPER Convener: Valerie Detenbeck PESTICIDE ALTERNATIVES worth trying: Insecticidal Soap: 1 to 2 Tbsp. liquid soap (not detergent) with 1 quart water – spray on insects. Apple Maggot Bait: Combine 1 cup vinegar, 1 cup sugar, 1 gallon water, 1 banana peel into an open plastic bottle – hang in an apple tree. Ant Bait: Combine 1 tsp. boric acid, 6 Tbsp sugar, 2 cups boiling water – Saturate cotton balls with solution and place in a lidded plastic container with holes punched in the sides and bottom. Slug Egg Stopper: Combine 10 parts water, 1 part ammonia. Spray over plant before foliage opens. Dormant Oil Spray: Combine ½ pint mineral oil, 1 gallon warm water, 2 oz. liquid soap – spray on leaves in early spring, spray on fruit trees and roses on a winter day when the temperature is above freezing. Earwig Bait: Combine equal parts molasses and canola oil – place in the garden in a tuna tin and empty daily. Japanese Beetle Bait: Combine 2 cups water, 1 mashed banana, ½ cup sugar, ½ cup wine, ¼ tsp baking yeast – hang the fermented mixture in a tree. Moss killer: Apply iron sulphate in spring or early fall. Mosquito Repellants: Bounce Fabric Softener Sheets; Vick’s Vapor Rub; Avon Skin-So-Soft bath oil mixed about half and half with alcohol; pure Vanilla; or try eating a B1 vitamin tablet (Thiamine Hydrochloride 100 mg.) each day. Above all, avoid bananas at that time of year. Mosquitoes love banana oil as the body processes it. Super Herbicide: Combine pot of boiling vinegar, 2 Tbsp. salt, 1 tsp. liquid soap – Pour when boiling on weeds in pavers or flagstones.

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JUNE FLOWER SHOW Tuesday June 20, 2017 Succulent Sensations Lelie Sherk

All exhibits must be in the Keeler Centre between 4.30 and 5.30 a.m., ready for judging. Convenor: Kris Rahn Results are determined by a judge at this show. RIBBONS ARE GIVEN FOR: BEST ROSE BEST POTTED PLANT HORTICULTURAL SECTION Roses Hybrid Tea

1. One Bloom

Floribunda

2. One Spray

Grandiflora

3. One Spray

Polyantha 4. One Spray

Canadian Bred Roses 5. One Spray

(i.e. Explorer, Morden, Fleming, etc.)

Other Roses

BEST DECORATIVE BEST EXHIBIT

6. Shrub – including Rugosa and Canadian-bred One Spray 7. Miniature (not mini flora) – One Spray 8. English Bred (e.g. David Austin) One Bloom or Spray 9. Other (e.g. carpet, patio, ground cover) One Bloom or Spray 10. Rose floating in a bowl Delphinium - one spike

11. Blue 12. Any other colour

Iris –

13. Tall bearded, blue/purple – one stalk 14. Tall bearded, pink – one stalk 15. Tall bearded, multicolour – one stalk 16. Tall bearded, any other solid colour – one stalk 17. Medium bearded, blue/purple – one stalk 18. Medium bearded, pink – one stalk 19. Medium bearded, multicolour – one stalk 20. Medium bearded, any other solid colour – one stalk 21. Beardless – (i.e. Siberian, Japanese) - three stalks alike

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22. Bulbous, English, Spanish, Dutch – three stalks 23. Any other – multibloom – one stalk

Other Flowers

24. Bleeding Heart (dicentra) – one stem 25. Campanula – one stalk 26. Clematis – three blooms the same colour 27. Columbine – one stalk 28. Daylily – (hemerocalis, ie.Stella d’Oro) – one scape (may have additional buds) 29. Digitalis, Foxglove – one stem 30. Gaillardia – three stems 31. Hosta without bloom – three different cultivars, similar in size 32. Lily (lilium), any variety – one stem 33. Pansy – three stems 34. Pelargonim – three blooms 35. Peony – Single – one bloom 36. Peony – Semi-double, pink, one bloom 37. Peony – Semi-double, white, one bloom 38. Peony – Semi-double, red, one bloom 39. Peony – Double – pink, one bloom 40. Peony – Double – white, one bloom 41. Peony – Double – red, one bloom 42. Peony – any other, one bloom 43. Loosestrife – 3 stems 44. Any annual – one stem or bloom 45. Any other biennial – one stem 46. Any other biennial – three stems 47. Any other perennial – one stem 48. Any other perennial – three stems

POTTED PLANTS – should be owned by exhibitor for at least 3 months (see rules) African Violets (one pot - all, except trailing, must have single crown) 49. Single, any colour 50. Double or semi-double, any colour Flowering Potted Plants (no larger than 24 inches in any direction - grown primarily for flowers) 51. Succulent (includes cacti) 52. Pelargonium 53. Gloxinia 54. Ivy Geranium 55. Orchid 56. Any other

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Foliage Potted Plants (no larger than 24 inches in any direction - grown primarily for interesting foliage 57. Begonia 58. Collection of cacti and or succulents 59. Succulent without flower (includes cacti) 60. Any other DECORATIVE SECTION “Summer Solstice”

61. “ Happy 150th Canada” - a Victorian design in Red and White flowers

62. “ Summer Wine” - a small design in a clear wine glass (total size under 10 inches in any direction) (see definitions page 10)

63. “S is for Summer” – a Hogarth curve design​​​

64. “Cool as a Cucumber” – a foliage arrangement

65. “Wet Feet” – a water view using one branch a maximum of 3 flowers

66. “ Ray of Sunshine” – a miniature design

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VEGETABLE AND DECORATIVE FLOWER SHOW Convenor: JoAnne Titus Tuesday, September 19, 2017 Please bring entries to the Keeler Centre 4:30 - 5:30 pm PURE JOY HERBAL CREATIONS Speaker: Joy Cameron and Johanna Wiersma Nomination for officers for 2018

VEGETABLES

1. Beans – any variety - 5 2. Beets – roots on tops trimmed to 1” - 3 3. Carrots – any variety - roots on, tops trimmed to 1” above crown – 3 4. Cucumber – any variety – 3 5. Kale/Chard – 3 leaves 6. Sweet Pepper – any variety – 1 7. Hot Pepper – any variety – 3 8. Potatoes – White – brushed clean, skin unbroken – 3 9. Potatoes – any colour – brushed clean, skin unbroken – 3 10. Squash – Summer – 1 11. Squash – Winter – 1

12. Tomatoes – large (2 1/2”) with calyx – 1 13. Tomatoes – medium (up to 2 1/2”) with calyx –3 14. Tomatoes – any Heritage – with calyx – named –3 15. Tomatoes – Cherry – any variety with calyx – 6 16. Tomatoes – Collection – 3-5 varieties, excluding Cherry – with calyx – named 17. Herb Collection – picked – minimum 5 – named 18. Any other Heritage vegetable- named – 1 19. Any oter vegetable – named – 1 20. Vegetable Basket – collection of at least 5 different vegetables – 1-3 of each kind

HORTICULTURE

GLADIOLUS – FLOWER OF THE YEAR - any size florets 21. Mauve, purple, lilac – 1 spike with foliage 22. Pink, red – 1 spike 31. Phlox – tall perennial – any colour – 1 stem 23. Orange, peach, bronze, coral – 1 spike 32. Fall blooming Rose – any variety – 1 stem or 24. Yellow, white, cream, greeen – 1 spike spray 25. Collection – a variety of colours – maximum 9 33. Sedum – any variety – 1 stem spikes 34. Zinnia – any variety – 3 stems 26. Collection – same variety – 3 spikes 35. Any other annual – 3 stems – named 27. Aster – annual or perennial – 1 stem 36. Any other Perennial – 1 stem – named 28. Cosmos – any variety – 3 stems 37. Collection – Annuals and/or Perennials – 5 29. Echinacea – any variety – 3 stems different varieties – named 30. Pelargonium (annual geranium) – 1 flower head

DAHLIAS – in a vase with stem and own foliage 38. Decorative – any size – 1 stem 39. Cactus/ Semi-cactus – any size – 1 stem

DECORATIVE

42. “Memories of the Old Country” – an arrangement using heirloom varieties – max. 30cm x 30cm x 30cm 43. “Our Home and Native Land” - an arrangement

40. Ball – any size – 3 stems 41. Any other variety – 1 stem using native flowers, grasses, foliage and/or berries – max. 30cm x 30cm x 30cm 44. “September Song” - a mantlepiece arrangement using Gladioli and candles – max. 30cm wide

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OCTOBER PHOTOGRAPHY SHOW And Other Garden Related Media Tuesday October 17, 2017 Convenor: Peggy Howden Will be judged

Garden Related Media. Please bring your photographs, paintings, needlework etc. to the Keeler Centre between 5:30 p.m. and 6:30 p.m. (for the Show-Off Table/Wall) At this meeting there will be a call for nominations for the Board for 2018 Corsage Workshop ROSE ODELL AND KRIS RAHN

PHOTOGRAPHY SHOW CATEGORIES FOR PHOTOGRAPH ENTRIES 1. Winter Wonderland 2. Not a Straight Line 3. New Beginnings 4. Through a Window

5. Under a Leaf 6. Branching Out 7. Creepy Crawlers 8. Web Wonders

ENTRY RULES 1. Members may submit only one entry per class. 2. Photos must have been taken in the previous twenty-four months. 3. Photos should be 4” x 6”, mounted on stiff board, measuring 5” x 7” overall. 4. At the judge’s discretion, classes may also be subdivided, i.e. distance and close-up. 5. The judge will choose the photo from among the entries which, in his/her opinion, is Best in Show, whether or not that photo has won in its class. PHOTO TIPS from NEVILLE GLENN • • •

Make sure the flower appears large and fills your camera screen; if possible use Macro. Try to get the background as plain as possible so as not to distract from the flower. For best colours, take the photo with morning or late afternoon light. RIBBONS are given for BEST PHOTO IN SHOW

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2016 AWARDS AND TROPHIES Arthur and Marjorie Rutherford Trophy Valerie Detenbeck Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points in shows over the season. Hoselton Studio Trophy Awarded annually to the novice with the most points.

Valerie Detenbeck

Joan and Harold Harnden Silver Rose Bowl Valerie Detenbeck Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points in the Decorative Section. Amy Gresham Memorial Trophy Peggy Howden Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points for the ‘Flower of the Year’ – lupin. 25th Anniversary Trophy Kris Rahn Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points in the Potted Plant Section (trophy donated by Joan Fawcett) Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Rose Bowl Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points for Roses.

Karen Prins

Photography Trophy Valerie Detenbeck Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points in the Photography Section (trophy donated by Lenna Broatch). Gladiolus Trophy Awarded annually to the exhibitor with the most points for Gladiolus.

Kris Rahn

2016 certificateS of appreciation lESLEY BLAKE PEGGY HOWDEN BEATRICE FREDENBURH ROSE ODELL JILL SELLERS LEN SALVATI

CLAIR BRETON KRIS RAHN JIM DETENBECK VALERIE DETENBECK DEBBIE RUSSO MARGARET PAFFORD

KAREN PRINS TRISH OBRIEN ROSA LEE-OSINGA MARY NORTON SANDRA COMPTON

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BRING SPRING EARLY INTO YOUR HOME! Towards the end of February select branches of spring flowering shrubs to bring indoors. Choose your specimens carefully so that the overall appearance of the shrub is not compromised and cut next to an outward facing bud. A mild day when the temperature is above freezing makes this a pleasant task and helps the branches to make a successful move into the warmth. Put the branches into warm water and add a flower preservative to help prolong the vase life. Keep the container in a cool, partially shaded place until the buds start to show colour. Then move the flowering branches into your chosen location. Forsythia and Pussy Willow respond well to this treatment. Other shrubs that can be forced are Bridle Wreath Spirea, Flowering Quince, Honeysuckle, Serviceberry and Redtwig Dogwood. It is best to cut Lilac, Mock Orange and Rhododendron later in March.

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GLOSSARY OF TERMS Mark Cullen defined the terms used to describe plants in the following way: Genus: The family or large group from which a plant is derived. Species: A group of plants capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring. Variety: This is the last name on a plant label often denoting hybridization. For example: Paeonia lactiflora Doreen. Paeonia is the genus, lactiflora is the species and Doreen is the variety or cultivar. Other Useful Terms: Open Pollinated: This term is usually associated with vegetables. These are cultivars that have been pollinated naturally by insects, wind or self-pollination. The seeds of these vegetables will produce plants that are true to the parent plants. Hybrid: Two closely related species are mated mostly synthetically in order to produce an improvement over the originals. In the case of flowering plants this would involve either colour or a longer flowering period or, in the case of vegetables, better flavour and improved productivity. The downside is that the seeds of such plants will not necessarily be identical to the parent. Organic: Seeds and plants that carry this label have been produced under strict guidelines and regulations. The land on which these plants were grown has been free of toxic chemicals for at least three years and they have been grown strictly without the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. The use of sewage sludge, irradiation and genetic engineering are also prohibited. Heirloom: These plants have a history of at least 50 years of open pollination. Such vegetables often have a better flavour than newer hybrids. It is important to note that, in the past 40 years of so, we have lost more than 2,000 fruit and vegetable cultivars. The Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation in the U.S. estimates that 96 per cent of the commercial vegetable cultivars that were available in 1903 are now extinct.

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Cramahe Horticultural Society Year Book 2016  

Cramahe Horticultural Society Year Book 2016

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