SPORTS P. 12
ARTS P. 8 Wadsworth composes innovative works
VOL. CXXXI, NO. 21
Both track teams win NESCACs
WEDNESDAY, MAY 3, 2017
Not set in stone: Unclear vision for marble project By KATIE SWOAP CONTRIBUTING WRITER This is the second in a series of stories exploring how the College undertakes new building projects. The stories were originally produced for the course ANTH 232, "Town and Gown," co-taught by David Edwards and Chris Marcisz, and revised and abridged for publication. Last October, Erin Hanson ’19 created an online petition titled “Williams College: Sell 4-5 marble slabs to pay for a new therapist at the health center.” The petition described the deficit in mental health support services at the College, which were largely due to a lack of funding and limited professional staff. It directly protested the tremendous amount of money the College funnels into building projects, particularly the recent 143-piece marble quad landscaping reaching from Frosh Quad past Paresky Student Center to Sawyer-Stetson Quad. The petition demanded that the College sell four or five slabs and use the money to hire an additional therapist for students. In under 48 hours, the petition had over 500 digital signatures – more than a quarter of the total student body. The white slabs of marble strewn across the SawyerStetson quad have become some of the most controversial icons of campus. Skeptical professors referred to the slabs of marble as “FalkHenge” and students dressed
up as the scattered pieces of landscape architecture for Halloween. How did marble landscape architecture create such a polarized and intense response across students, faculty and the administration of the College? The Project After the Sawyer-Stetson project was completed in 2013, the College began to search for an architectural landscaping firm to create a landscape for the new quad space. Bruce Decoteau, senior project manager in the College’s facilities department, acted as the head project manager of the Sawyer-Stetson Quad project. He explained that the committee for the project was comprised of two students, a small group of professors, a sustainability representative from the Zilkha Center and an administrative representative from the president’s office. The first collective step of this committee was to create a framework of goals that the architecture and landscaping of Sawyer-Stetson Quad would meet. The committee found it critical to reflect the College’s commitment to environmental sustainability. In addition, the committee wanted a quad that had “flexibility for multiple uses, infrastructure for tents and events with ways to run power … complementing pedestrian access, a space to create community, a lesson in simplicity and a heart of the campus at the center of the campus,” Decoteau said. Decoteau explained that with this list of goals in hand, the
NEENA PATEL/EXECUTIVE EDITOR
The marble slabs on Sawyer Quad were meant to emulate and integrate multiple geologic features of the area surrounding the College. committee invited six firms to pitch their ideas for their design of the Sawyer-Stetson quad’s landscape. When Stephen Stimson Associates pitched their project idea – marble ledges, a storm garden and a tree-filled quad – “the committee fell in love,” Decoteau said, and voted unanimously on the design. Decoteau noted that he
was thrilled by the proposal and that it aligned very closely with the goals laid out in the project, making the decision process “simple” for the committee. As the project became more detail-oriented, it grew significantly in magnitude, both spatially and financially. Originally, the project only included the area from Chapin Hall
College wind farm efforts recede as governmental, legal hurdles arise By SOPHIA SCHMIDT STAFF WRITER The following is the final part of a three-part series on the never-consummated plan for the College to build a wind farm in Berlin, N.Y. In 2007, the College made its first formal environmental commitment: to reduce emissions to 10 percent below 1990 levels by 2020. Following this announcement, a donation by Selim Zilkha ’46 provided funding for the Zilkha Center for Environmental Initiatives. It was a “one-woman thing” at the time, remembered Stephanie Boyd. With a background in civil engineering and close ties to the facilities department, Boyd was that one woman, serving as director of the nascent Zilkha Center. Enter JJ Augenbraun ’08, an enthusiastic physics major and environmental studies concentrator. During his first year at the College, Augenbraun became involved with the Zilkha
Center as his campus job – he credits this experience with his current career at EnergySavvy, a renewable energy software company. In the summer of 2008, Augenbraun, an intern at the Zilkha Center, wrote yet another feasibility report for the Berlin Pass wind farm. Augenbraun’s report used data from the Hopkins Memorial Forest (HMF) anemometer and, in fact, considered HMF as an alternate site for a wind farm before finding it less convenient in terms of access, grid connection and land-use regulation than the Berlin Pass site. According to Augenbraun, the College’s total electricity usage had grown to roughly 22 gigawatt-hours (GWh) by 2008, and three 1.8 megawatt (MW) turbines would be needed to meet this demand. Augenbraun estimated that the total cost of the project would be about $17 million – the highest estimate yet – with a payback period in the range of five to 10 years.
After Augenbraun finished his report, Boyd petitioned senior staff for a budget increase to pursue a professional feasibility study. They approved the request, and the Zilkha Center hired the environmental consulting firm Sustainable Energy Designs (SED), which has since rebranded as SunCommon, to further investigate the prospect of a wind farm. Why had the sixth student report on a Berlin Pass wind farm finally captured the attention of College administrators? In Augenbraun’s words, it was the “perfect storm of factors.” Renewables had come back into the national conversation due to broadening awareness of climate change. The College had made sustainability an institutional commitment. Wind technology had become more efficient. A successful wind farm had been built in 2007 on Jiminy Peak in Hancock, Mass., bolstering a small-town coffer, and other local wind projects followed
in 2011 on Bakke Mountain in Florida, N.Y., and Crum Hill Mountain in Monroe, N.Y. With the SED study in progress, Boyd and Jim Kolesar ’72, assistant to the president for community and government affairs, began to gauge the town of Berlin’s attitude toward a potential project. Kolesar said that in conversations with “folks that were well ingrained in the community,” he sensed a shift since the 2004 zoning board meeting. People were “interested,” he said, even “very positive.” Kolesar, who was “totally befuddled” by this change, guessed that Berliners had noticed the success of projects in neighboring towns and the “financial boon” wind projects had become. SED was “quite impressed with JJ’s work,” Boyd said. SED once again found the Berlin Pass site to be well endowed with a “strong wind resource.” The study predicted that that this resource could “translate into favorable financial returns.”
SEE WIND FARM, p. 5
STUDENTS ANXIOUSLY WAIT TO GET THEIR ROOM ASSIGNMENTS FOR NEXT YEAR IN GREYLOCK DINING HALL
Raising concerns about free speech resolution
Results of spring '17 College approval ratings survey
@thebreakfastchick features favorite morning eats
'Into the Woods' dazzles and teaches
Calichman '90 finds MLS success
TONY FITZGERALD/STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER
Drive and east toward Stetson Library, but expanded by closing Chapin Hall Drive to through traffic and renovating Chapin Hall Plaza and Frosh Quad. Decoteau said that the “huge project just kept getting bigger and bigger” and referred to this as “scope creep.” He explained that the magnitude of scope creep was likely
due to the desire of the current administration, which wanted to make the central quad much more pedestrian friendly and create a new, state-of-the-art center of campus. In total, the Sawyer-Stetson Quad project cost the College $12.5 million.
SEE MARBLE, p. 5
College revises JA grant By NICHOLAS GOLDROSEN NEWS EDITOR Next year, the College will continue its policy of covering, via a grant, the academic-year student income contribution for students receiving financial aid who serve as junior advisors (JAs). However, administrators will make several changes to the way in which this grant is disbursed, specifically with regards to JAs seeking out student employment on campus. Starting with the JAs to the class of 2020, JAs who receive financial aid from the College received a grant that covered the academic-year student income contribution that is expected from students as part of typical financial aid packages. According to the Office of Financial Aid’s website, the current contribution from on-campus, school-year employment is $2700 for returning students. This contribution is separate from the summer earnings requirement of $1950. The contribution has been covered in the form of additional grant aid, rather than a loan or other form of student or family contribution. “This grant, like all Williams grants, is fund[ed] by the endowments supporting financial aid,” Director of Financial Aid Paul Boyer ’77 said. The change was intended to both encourage students receiving financial aid to apply to be JAs and to allow JAs to focus on their role rather than having to also devote time to on-campus employment. “This change was spear-headed by Dean [of the College Sarah] Bolton, prior to her leaving Williams, to encourage financial aid students to apply to be JAs, knowing that to be the best JA, the hours required to hold a campus job and earn the expected contribution detracted from time available to undertake JA responsibilities,” Boyer said. “Over the past few years, there was some concern that students on financial aid who had to engage in work study as part of their school year student contribution to their aid package might feel less able to take on the role of JA,” Dean of the College Marlene Sandstrom said, “because it would be difficult for them to be available to first-year students and provide all of the required work hours necessary to meet their financial aid obligations. As an institution, we want to be sure that aided stu-
dents who are interest[ed] in becoming JAs do not face barriers to serving in that role. It is crucial that all students who have the interest and aptitude be able to pursue the JA option.” This year, however, JAs primarily brought up issues to the Dean’s Office regarding how the grant affects allowed opportunities for on-campus employment. JAs receiving this grant, similar to recipients of other scholarships that cover the student income contribution such as the Tyng Scholarship, Mellon-Mays or Allison Davis Undergraduate Research Fellowship, were not allowed to hold any on-campus employment without special permission. For JAs, this dispensation would be required to come from the Dean of the College. “The current system provided all JAs on financial aid with the entire grant,” Sandstrom said. “As a result they were expected not to work. We realized, however, that there are some JAs on financial aid who want to work (despite the grant) because certain jobs play a key role in their academic or personal growth (e.g., serving as a TA or RA). This year I made exceptions for students who were interested in pursuing a very limited amount of paid work in addition to the grant, but the process was cumbersome.” Given that most JAs receiving financial aid were not able to hold campus employment, they also were not able to earn money for everyday expenses; the entirety of the grant went towards covering the student oncampus earnings contribution. “Next year's JA grant program will allow more flexibility for students to balance paid work with the grant if they so choose (e.g., they can work one semester and receive the grant in the other semester), and will disperse the grant in a way that provides students with cash for their personal expenses,” Sandstrom said. Administrators hope that these changes will allow JAs receiving financial aid to both pursue meaningful employment and earn money for personal expenses while allowing them to focus on the responsibilities of being a JA. USPS 684-6801 | 1ST CLASS MAIL U.S. POSTAGE PAID WILLIAMSTOWN, MA PERMIT NO. 25
The Williams Record
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THE WILLIAMS RECORD BOARD The Office of Student Life (OSL) maintains that no more than 60 percent of occupants of an upperclass residence hall may be of the same gender. OSL obtains its gender information from the Office of the Registrar, whose data reflects the male or female designation students select on the Common Application based on their assignment at birth. This system should be revised to reflect students’ preferred genders rather than their assigned gender to avoid perpetuating the gender binary. The College is in a transitional period in which it is increasingly moving away from the gender binary. Recently, selection for Williams Outdoor Orientation for Living as First-Years (WOOLF) leaders and Junior Advisors (JAs) have been modified to no longer re-
THE INDEPENDENT STUDENT NEWSPAPER OF WILLIAMS COLLEGE SINCE 1887
May 3, 2017
Reworking the gender cap Considering how to ensure that campus housing reflects our values
quire gendered pairs. It is important that the College proceed with these efforts, and the housing system is a logical next step. A gender cap based on assigned gender at birth can impact where students are permitted to live. For example, a student born but not identifying as male cannot pick into a dorm which has hit the male gender cap. At the same time, a student born but not identifying as male adds to the male gender cap in their dorm, potentially preventing an additional male-identifying student from living there. These issues will become more pressing in coming years when the College plans to close dorms for renovations, reducing the number of beds available to upperclass students and increasing the likelihood of dorms reaching gender caps. A potential solution to eliminating the gender binary in up-
perclass housing is dissolving the gender cap entirely; however, a gender cap, in some form, is valuable. A cap deters single-gender groups, including sports teams, from monopolizing a dorm, which could make students not part of the group feel unwelcome and alienated. Furthermore, a singlegender house dominated by one organization could create a fratlike atmosphere. Instead, OSL should maintain the gender cap but count occupants by their preferred gender, not birth gender. For incoming students, the Office of Admissions can provide the data to the Registrar that it began collecting for the Class of 2021 on incoming students’ preferred genders. For current students, the Registrar could allow them to submit preferred genders if they wish to alter them from their genders assigned at birth.
OSL also provides rosters to all room-draw participants that display the gender of each student next to their name and room number. The gender of a particular student does not convey any meaningful information about where another student should choose to live, and students may not wish their preferred gender to be displayed so publicly. Therefore, OSL need not display the gender of each student on these spreadsheets. Rather, OSL should have an aggregate total at the bottom of the rosters so that students know whether the house is approaching the enumerated gender cap. While a gender cap may contribute to improving the College’s quality of upperclass housing, OSL could improve its current execution by moving away from the gender binary.
LIKE WHAT YOU SEE IN THIS ISSUE? WRITE FOR THE RECORD! MEETINGS: 7 P.M. ON WEDNESDAYS PARESKY 209 OR EMAIL JBG3@WILLIAMS.EDU
Word on the Quad How is your day going? By EMILIA MALUF and FRANCESCA PARIS RECORD STAFF
JONATHAN CARRASCO ’20
"Just went to class, did some math, eating. It's an average day."
CONVENTIONAL WISDOM LICKETY SPLIT
Nothing like a scoop of cookie combustion to pair with my self-combustion.
SANKOFA SPRING SHOW
A reminder that people can mix love, talent, rhythm and a lot of yelling.
Making me believe I don't have finals in two weeks by bribing me with sweets and Disney movies.
SO MANY WORMS
They are longer than the football team's losing streak.
SARA HETHERINGTON ’19
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
"It's been great. I went to the Natural Bridge State Park and went to class and then saw this beautiful rainbow."
In defense of the amateur:
SUMUN IYER ’18
"It was just very sleepy. I had three classes, and I was awake for a third of each of them, so that makes one class total." JEFFREY RUBEL ’17
"Busy. I didn't get as much done as I'd hoped I would, but relatively productive."
In his foundational essay on the art of the modern theatre, “The Actor and the Über-Marionette,” the director and actor Edward Gordon Craig warned of the danger in entrusting the making of theatre to painters, writers, musicians and others he deemed unfit for the task: “When in doubt,” writes Craig, “listen to the advice of a man of the theatre, even if he is only a dresser, rather than pay attention to the amateur.” I thought of Craig when I read last week’s article, “The birth of a stage: Examining the conception and life of the ’62 Center,” in which the businessman and Williams alumnus Herb Allen ’62 faults the faculty of the department of theatre for not initially
signing on to the idea of the ’62 Center as a Broadway musical touring house: “I think primarily [the theatre department faculty] were afraid of the professionals,” Allen suggests. “When you mention professionals to amateurs, there’s a certain jealousy that comes up.” As a faculty member of the department of theatre, as well as its current chair, I would like to take a moment here to defend the art of the amateur, if that is indeed to be our title. The amateur, after all, is one who works out of love of her craft, often for the good of a larger community. The amateur, often highly skilled in a different field or occupation, is driven to her art by pleasure and joy, rather than by the interests of financial gain or prominence. The amateur is one who embraces her ongoing naïveté and role as a student of life, her art form and the skill of her teachers. The amateur then, by definition, commits herself to the promise that she must never stop learning, never stop humbling herself to the virtues and demands of
her art. Even the greatest masters may strive to become amateurs of their form. As Picasso once admitted, “It took me four years to paint like Raphael and a lifetime to paint like a child.” In his recent book Passionate Amateurs: Theatre, Communism, and Love, theatre scholar Nick Ridout defines “passionate amateurs” as “those who work together for the production of value for one another (for love, that is, rather than money) in ways that refuse – sometimes rather quietly and perhaps ineffectually – the division of labor that obtains under capitalism as usual.” In light of Ridout’s description, I am proud to count myself as one among the many amateurs working in the ’62 Center today. And I cordially invite Herb Allen — to whom I remain grateful for giving me the space in which to make my amateur art — to come on in and see the love. Amy Holzapfel Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Theatre
FROM THE ARCHIVES The opinions expressed in signed columns are not necessarily those of the Williams Record editorial board.
Op-Ed and Letter Submission The Record welcomes op-eds and letters from all members of the Williams community. The Opinions section is designed to reflect the varied views and ideas of the Williams community, and the publication of any letter or op-ed does not indicate an endorsement of the views contained therein. Submissions should be sent to amm16@williams. edu by Saturday at 5 p.m. for inclusion in the next Wednesday issue. Op-eds range in length from 700850 words and letters are 500 words or fewer. The Record will not publish pieces that have appeared in other publications. Pieces submitted to the Record are not guaranteed a spot in the upcoming issue. For Record Policy information, please see our website, williamsrecord.com.
ALEXANDER PENA '15
An empty affirmation s e icism o y
The Williams Record
May 3, 2017
Institutional reluctance versus individual need
s ree s eec resol io
We should be skeptical of the most recent College Council (CC) resolution, “A Resolution in Support of Free, Open, and Honest Dialogue at Williams College,” despite all its intentions. The resolution unnecessarily invites greater confusion about issues of speech on campus, and we all know such an issue will inevitably rise at any college where viewpoints clash both in and out of the classroom. Before I continue, I would first like to commend Kevin Mercadante ’17 and Hanson Koota ’17 for the work they have done for the resolution. I cannot imagine the number of hours and energy needed to draft this document outside of the classroom. The resolution reaffirms the importance of speech and the uncomfortable dialogue which advances our education. It makes a proactive statement on the values we should consider as an institution. It helps call attention to how we should define our educational experiences. It serves to empower future conversations regarding dialogue on campus. All of these positives from the resolution seem resolutely true, and I have always voiced my support for open dialogue even in the face of uncomfortable, sensitive issues. The potential benefits of the resolution are already aforementioned: it shows a commitment to “free, open and honest dialogue” at the College. However, the limited benefits are brought forth with just a few questions: Do we actually need a one-page resolution to help our community understand that we do not condone violence and threats of violence or our right to question each other to learn different viewpoints? Will a resolution simply change the culture and open a new “free exchange of ideas to promote critical and creative thinking?” Does it truly “arm” the right to freedom of speech on campus? A simple cost-benefit analysis of this resolution shows lots of potential (and tangibly limited) benefits at the cost of real confusion of what this resolution actually accomplishes. On a technical level, the right to freedom of speech at a private institution of higher learning does not necessarily fall under the same premise of federal law or what we perceive to be a First Amendment right. Hence, when the resolution states it affirms “commitment to protecting every individual’s rights to speech and protest,” what are those rights? Of
course, we must carefully consider each issue on a case-by-case basis; but having a resolution, which invites endless number of different interpretations in regards to issues of speech on campus, is just asking for chaos when an issue arises. It is difficult to see the obvious value added from a resolution for a cultural shift that gets us engaged in productive dialogue. The same people who refused to debate are not all of a sudden going to be influenced by a CC resolution, and it allows certain individuals who may want to purposefully trigger emotional responses in the community to defend it under the resolution’s words. Dialogue only helps when we actually do it by sitting down and being willing to engage with others. It does not occur by stating a theoretical model of what we want the College to be. I also fear that the passage of this resolution will create the illusion that we have been proactive about it. That is, only until the next controversial speaker-event gets organized on campus (whether that is done through the proper Office of Student Life standards or not). It would not seem unreasonable for the reader to be exasperated by this point: What other alternative is there for us to advance the goals as outlined in the resolution, opening statements by Kevin and Hanson, conversations throughout campus in the past year and comments made during the CC meeting? My answer is simple – go on Google and search “guidelines regarding protest and dissent” to find more concrete examples of how protest and dissent are dealt with at similar institutions of higher learning. This includes how speaking events can be booked, how protest and dissent may be defined under the type of event and how they will be reviewed in the community. One only needs to glance at these documents to see they achieve both the intentions of this CC resolution and tangible definitions on how to manage situations regarding “uncomfortable” dialogue, such as at Harvard Law School, New York University and Colorado College. I would rather see CC resolutions have some concrete goals in their end means, rather than doing what will make us feel good without obvious benefits.
Re lec io s o
rom a e der o
between institutional reluctance and individual need. This balance is further We have heard that the College admin- complicated since women of color also istration is reluctant to make progress happen to be human beings who are only unless there is consistent, widespread able to extend so much energy outside of pressure from students. One regular their classes/work. Women of color frecomplaint is lack of representation. quently feel pressured to speak up about Genuine representation goes deeper issues of representation, and often we than the percentages of people admitted must provide so much of our own energy into and hired by an institution. It is also to make a space inclusive. How then, about whom the College deems deserv- understanding their personal boundaring enough to have a building named ies and the limitations on institutional after or to have their photo permanently change, does someone affect change? This is not a question I can fully annailed on a wall. Though women of color have been here for decades as staff, ad- swer. I value both large-scale change ministrators and students, the College and baby steps as a survival mechadoes not seem to believe that any are im- nism until more substantial change ocportant enough to be represented in this curs. However, this is not universally applicable, as those in immediate danway, with one exception. ger of police brutalMy project “From ity, deportation, enLavender to Purple Ephs (LTPE)” sought How then, understanding vironmental racism and other acts of vioto increase the repretheir personal lence cannot wait for sentation of women change. of color at the College. boundaries and the lim- incremental Two months into It formally ends this semester, as I gather itations on institutional my freshman year, I created LTPE to emmaterial for archives, change, does someone phasize the imporcomplete the website tance of institutional and thank the hunaffect change? as well as numerical dreds of people who diversity. On Nov. 4, supported me. With 2016, multiple large closure comes reflection, so lately I have pondered where and permanent art installations apthis project fits into institutional change. peared throughout campus and onIn a beautifully and thoroughly writ- line during an unveiling ceremony atten article, UCLA Professor Robin Kelly tended by over 120 students, faculty, analyzes the paradoxical relationship staff and alumni. The pieces feature between institutional change and stu- photos and stories from over 100 selfdent activism. Though this is a simpli- identifying women of color, including fication of his work, one of his points is students, faculty, staff and alumni, that institutions of higher education will on their relationships to the College. never be the front lines of societal trans- I assumed LTPE could cover miles of formations, though people within an in- progress, not knowing that institustitution may. Institutions are resistant tions thrive on baby steps. To some extent, LTPE addressed to large-scale change, preferring incremental progress over decades, whereas the lack of depth in representation on campus. I was frustrated with only seepeople might need immediate action. I know the College as an institution ing representation in curated black and will not demolish the societal structures white images of happy people smiling, that make women and students of color as this is not the experience of every disproportionately underrepresented person. We each experience the College in spaces like Williams. I also know, as differently, so this project was neither people who provide so much emotional about which stories I agreed with nor and physical labor to the College, we about promoting any single experience of the community. I sought to give selfdeserve adequate representation. Hence, there is a precarious balance identifying women, trans and femmes
of color spaces to speak unfiltered about what Williams meant to them and to give them agency over how they are represented. The project provided a genuine portrayal of Williams in this way, including feelings of acceptance and supportive athletic teams as well as hate crimes and critiques of the institution. Returning to where this project fits, I’m grappling with whether this project confirms or contradicts Kelly’s theories. On one hand, this project is mine and not the institution’s. I devoted hours of my time each day for over a year to creating the project, contacting hundreds of alumni and students to get submissions and photos, fundraising over $13,000, designing and ordering the pieces, etc. Completing this project served as a coping mechanism and a way to empower myself in a space that was alien and cold to me. In this way, it is not institutional change and exists outside of that framework. On the other, this project is reflective of decades of activism. Countless women of color fought to make Williams as inclusive as it is now, and previous pressure on administration certainly made my process smoother. Drills in the wall and support from many different offices on campus make the project part of the slow, incremental process of institutional change. The permanent inclusion of raw, uncensored stories from a diverse group of women of color carries representative power. This project did not change the culture of the campus, but it likely was a baby step. I’m only at the College for four years, so baby steps may be all I can do to make Williams more inclusive. In my own words, I developed this project “to create campus dialogue that moves us from lavender, a single narrative, to purple, an appreciation of the paradoxical coexistence of many different narratives.” It was incredibly naive of me to believe a project could do all that, but I’m hoping this baby step is a meaningful one in the larger institutional trajectory. Raquel Douglas ’19 is an economics major and Africana studies concentrator from Houston, Texas. She lives in Gladden.
Bum Shik Kim ’19 is a economics major from Palisdale Park, N.J. He lives in Thompson.
Occupation isn’t kosher o ro i y
e messa es o R , , M RM
e sraeli ar ec e
held outside the prison on April 20th was meant to taunt these Palestinian prisoners, who are demanding that the Israeli a dM government reinstate visitation rights, This week, Ephs for Israel will cel- install phones in prisons, improve mediebrate Israeli Independence Day with a cal care and end solitary confinement. kosher barbeque on Paresky lawn. Israeli Palestinian hunger strikers are being independence marks a legacy of Israeli harshly punished for peaceful protest. military and colonial occupation of Pal- In addition, those who supported the estine. As Jewish students, we need to hunger strikers by protesting the Israeli make clear that our relationship with our barbecue were met with tear gas, sound cultural hertitage is distinct from sup- grenades and rubber bullets. Unsurprisporting Israel. In fact, supporting Israel ingly, the Israeli government is refusing as it continues to occupy Palestinian land to negotiate with the Palestinian prisonis in direct opposition to our Jewish tra- ers. Any form of criticism of the Israeli dition and our sense of justice. government is repressed. In response to the barbecue, we will The U.S. government has, of course, join other students long been complicit who stand with Palin the violence and estine and against the carried We resist a non-liberatory oppression occupation in dropout by the Israeli ping a series of banstate, with decades vision of Judaism, inners around Paresky. of bipartisan support stead celebrating The banners say “Ocfor the military aid to cupation Isn’t Kosher,” Israel. The close ties and living an “End Israeli Apartbetween AIPAC [The expression of Jewishness American Israel Pubheid” and “Solidarity With The Palestinian lic Affairs Committee] that pursues justice. Prisoners’ Hunger and the Trump adStrike.” Additionally, ministration further students will pass out underscore the priinformation sheets about the occupation orities of the American Jewish political and set up a table to engage the campus establishment today. Though the Zionist in conversations about justice in Pales- Jewish political establishment claims to tine and counter the narratives put out speak for all American Jews, we know by Ephs for Israel. Through this, we this is not true. So today, we say again: stand in solidarity with Palestinian lib- not in our name. eration. We invite you to join us. By disrupting the barbeque and by For decades, Israel has carried on a speaking out against the occupation, we military occupation of the Palestinian hope to destabilize the normalcy and leterritories and waged violence against gitimacy of supporting Israel. We refuse Palestinian people. Over these years, to let the Jewish establishment wage vipersisting through various moments of olence and occupation in our name. We “conflict,” “peace” and the drawing of resist the conflation of anti-Zionism and borders, one of the world’s best funded anti-Semitism. We resist anti-Jewish, militaries, Israel, has systematically dis- anti-Muslim and anti-Arab bigotry. We placed, occupied and seized land from resist a non-liberatory vision of JudaPalestinian people. Palestinians have ism, instead celebrating and living an excountered violence, land dispossession pression of Jewishness that relentlessly and exile with resistance. Such resis- pursues justice and demands an end to tance continues to this day. oppression. We want an end to the ocThe barbecue hosted on our campus cupation. We want our communities to darkly echoes a barbecue thrown by Is- stand unwaveringly against persecution raeli hardliners outside of Israel’s Ofer and to condemn land dispossession and prison in the occupied West Bank. On state-sanctioned violence. Our actions April 16, some 1000 Palestinian prison- in response to Israeli Independence Day ers went on a hunger strike in protest of celebrate our support of the PalestinIsrael’s military occupation and particu- ian prisoners on hunger strike and our larly the injustices waged against impris- solidarity with Palestinians fighting for oned Palestinian people. The barbecue liberation everywhere.
KATIE BRULE ’20
Defending our core values li i y
e olle e s elie s i , a dM R
In the aftermath of Donald Trump’s election as President, a group of faculty and staff came together out of concern over the fundamental threat his administration posed to the health of the planet, to democratic institutions, to the most vulnerable among us and to the shared principles and values on which the College depends. Nothing in the first 100 days of the Trump presidency has alleviated those worries. We find that President Trump and his administration hold in contempt what we value most: the pursuit of truth through evidence and reasoned arguments and respect for human beings whoever they are, whatever their political and religious views might be. We are especially concerned about the Trump administration’s repeated attempts to impose a xenophobic and unconstitutional travel ban on people from certain Muslim majority countries; about inhumane, aggressive deportations of immigrants, some documented and some not, without due process; and about demonization of all kinds of people who appear “Other” to Trump’s administration and who are now increasingly becoming the victims of hate speech and sometimes even of hate crimes. In rhetoric and in act, Trump and his administration have assailed protections for the environment and human health, often ignoring or flagrantly mischaracterizing the scientific consensus on the threats they are thereby exacerbating. Their irresponsible proposals for reform to health insurance and taxes would en-
e a eo
danger the security and well-being of millions of Americans, including many in our community. Similarly, the administration’s current “Budget Blueprint” would, if implemented, hobble the work of vital agencies; it would decimate or eliminate many programs important to meeting people’s needs, serving the national interest or pursuing the research and educational activities central to colleges and universities. These vital issues by no means exhaust the scope of our concern; nor, obviously, are the problems noted above of merely local interest. As matters of national or even global reach, they are and will continue to be at the center of political discussion and struggle on a grand scale. We have focused on these issues because they directly contradict or undermine commitments essential to the mission of the College. Because of the threat they pose, a group of faculty and staff have written a Statement of Our Shared Values (http://williamsvalues.org/). So far, more than 60 faculty and staff members have signed it. We invite others to do the same, and we support the ongoing efforts of students to craft a statement of their own. We hope that these statements will serve as signals inviting all members of our community to join in long and probably frustrating resistance to the forces that threaten the values constitutive of functioning democracy, and of our own small community. Here is the text of the Williams College Value Statement: Williams College faculty and staff are happily united and divided across disciplines, fields, methods, modes of inquiry and political beliefs. Our differences are made possible by the shared values at
r m s elec io the core of the College’s mission. At this moment, with the current U.S. administration espousing views and undertaking policies that endanger those values, it is important to say again what it is we hold in common. This is what we share: • We endorse the principles that the College announces as its mission and purpose: free inquiry, civic engagement, open-mindedness and concern for others. • We unconditionally reject bigotry, discrimination and rhetoric and acts of hate, whatever the target: a person’s race, ethnicity, gender identity, sexual orientation, class, religion, national origin, current citizenship, immigration status, disability, veteran status or political views. • We uphold the principles of intellectual inquiry based on unbiased evaluation of evidence, reliance on reasoned arguments and examination of underlying assumptions, with truth and understanding as its goal. • We believe that policy decisions ought to be based on the best available scientific evidence and that independent academic inquiry has a role in helping shape this evidence. We are ready to help anyone at Williams who fears oppression or persecution. We pledge to work with students, faculty, staff and other members of our community to defend these principles today and in the times ahead. Sarah Jacobson is an associate professor of economics; Bojana Mladenovic is an associate professor of philosophy; and Mark Reinhardt is a professor of political science and chair of American studies.
The Williams Record
May 3, 2017
GRAPHIC BY WILLIAM NEWTON/NEWS EDITOR VIA VENNGAGE By NICHOLAS GOLDROSEN NEWS EDITOR In the Record’s recent approval ratings poll, four campus institutions saw decreases in their approval ratings outside of the margin or error, one saw an increase and the remainder saw no change outside of the margin of error since the last approval ratings survey was conducted in fall 2016. President Adam Falk’s approval rating declined to 46 percent from 61 percent, which sits at the boundary of the margin of error. Two student organizations also saw declines nearly
outside or outside of the margin of error: the Record, from 78 to 65 percent and All-Campus Entertainment (ACE), from 74 to 59 percent. Dean of the College Marlene Sandstrom had an approval rating of 67 percent, up from 56 percent in the fall. However, this survey was the first time the Record polled separate approval ratings for the Dean of the College and the Dean’s Office, so the result may be affected by that change. All other campus institutions had no significant change in their approval ratings from the fall semester. The Record chose to not poll approval ratings for three campus institutions
Professor receives CAREER grant By WILLIAM NEWTON NEWS EDITOR Last week, Matt Carter, assistant professor of biology at the College, received a CAREER grant worth $586,000 over five years from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for his research on the genetics of sleep. The grant will cover research for him and his students and give Carter an opportunity to initiate numerous outreach programs and a new Winter Study course. “The best aspect of the CAREER Award is that it funds both laboratory research and education and outreach initiatives,” Carter said. “This grant will impact students by providing exciting cutting-edge research experiences, and it will also impact students in a much broader sense across the College community by providing resources designed to increase sleep health and wellness.” His primary research project, titled the “Bidirectional Control of Sleep and Wakefulness by the Hypothalamic Arcuate Nucleus,” derived from numerous student suggestions, keeping in the collaborative spirit of the award. “The preliminary data for this grant specifically came from a group of students I have worked with over the past few years,” Carter said. “They discovered that when a part of the brain that regulates hunger is overactive, the quantity and quality of sleep is disturbed. These results led to a new hypothesis that brain regions that regulate appetite can play a role in how well an animal sleeps, and even suggested specific neuroanatomical pathways that may regulate sleep and wake behavior.”
Carter is particularly excited that his research project in a small liberal arts college is garnering widespread national attention. “It is exciting when scientists at major research institutions contact me because they are interested in the results coming out of my lab, and I am proud to tell them about the Williams students who produced the work,” Carter said. Besides aiding his primary research with students, the grant will also give him an opportunity to educate the wider College community on the benefits of sleep and how students can sleep more. Carter plans on spreading related educational materials across campus in a fun and innovative way, and he hopes to collaborate with the Center for Learning in Action to promote sleep science in surrounding community areas. “Something that has always bugged me is the myth that sleep must be sacrificed if you want to succeed in classes, have a good social life, and especially if you are involved with extracurricular activities,” Carter said. “Learning about sleep science and productivity at the same time teaches you that you really can get enough sleep as long as you are strategic and make good choices.” In addition, Carter will offer a Winter Study course titled “The Science of Sleep (and the Art of Productivity)” beginning in January 2018. “I could not be more excited about this course or the goals,” Carter said. “We will learn about the physiological and health aspects of sleep, talk about how to get more sleep in the face of a very busy schedule, and produce a set of educational materials that we will share with the campus and community.”
that were included in the fall: the Honor and Discipline Committee, the Williamstown Police Department and academic advising. Each of these had a “no opinion” response rate of more than 50 percent in the fall. Additionally, the Record included four new institutions in this semester’s poll: the Zilkha Center, the Davis Center, the office of academic resources and the Dean’s Office, which had approval ratings of 92, 92, 95 and 65 percent respectively. The approval ratings poll asked respondents to “check whether you approve or disapprove of the performance of each person or organization listed.” Respondents could mark “ap-
prove,” “disapprove” or “no opinion.” The approval rating is the ratio of “approve” votes to “approve” or “disapprove” votes (excluding “no opinion” votes). The poll was sent at approximately 9 p.m. last Wednesday to 500 randomly selected students across all four classes. There were 169 student responses, a response rate of 33.8 percent. At a 95 percent confidence interval, the median margin of error across all ratings was 7.8 percentage points, with the lowest being 2.4 percentage points and the highest being 9.9 percentage points. Additional statistics, including those of previous years, are available on the Record’s website.
Jonathan X. Meng ’18 wins prestigious Goldwater Scholarship for chemistry, math By NEENA PATEL EXECUTIVE EDITOR On April 25, the College announced that Jonathan X. Meng ’18 was named a 2017 Goldwater Scholar. The Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Foundation awarded the scholarship to 240 people out of the 1286 that were nominated. Students who receive this scholarship are given up to $7500 to cover tuition, fees, books and room and board. The Goldwater Scholarship is awarded to sophomores and juniors across the nation who distinguish themselves in the fields of mathematics, science or engineering. Each student must be a full-time matriculated sophomore or junior who is pursuing a degree at an accredited two- or four-year institution of higher education; intend to pursue a research career in a natural science, mathematics or engineering; and have a college grade point average of at least 3.0 on a 4.0 scale. Students must be nominated by their institutions. Meng, a chemistry and mathematics double major, was originally thinking of majoring in psychology. “When I first came to Williams, I was actually thinking about majoring in psychology because I was not good at chemistry before that,” Meng said. “However, Professor [of Chemistry David] Richardson allowed me to view chemistry not
only as a branch of science but also a way of solving problems and understanding the world.” Meng was born in Shenyang, China, and now considers Los Angeles home. At the College, he keeps himself busy. He is a member of the College’s Questbridge Chapter, Koreans of Williams and the ChineseAmerican Student Organization and has also done volunteer work for the Northern County Care Coalition. Meng has worked with Associate Professor of Chemistry Sarah Goh in her polymer lab. He was working on the architectural properties of polymers that address problems in chemotherapy drug delivery applications. Some of these problems include poor selectivity, shot invivo half-life and low solubility. He is now looking at how architectural variations of polymers can affect their glass transition temperatures and the stability and bioactivity of the drug when it is conjugated with the polymer. Last summer, Meng worked at the Scripps Research institute in La Jolla, Calif. on research related to modulation of membrane binding of Hsp27 by phosphorylation and lipid composition. This summer, he will be working at the Stanford Summer Research Program in Palo Alto, Calif., as an Amgen scholar, where he hopes to work in a biophysical chemistry lab. He will return to the College in the fall as a senior and work in Richardson’s lab, using or-
ganic chemistry research to explore and develop synthetic methods. Meng wants to pursue a doctorate in biophysics in the future. Meng told the College’s Office of Communications that he wants to “explore the interface between theoretical physics and cell biology bench research [and] teach at the university level, particularly in a liberal arts setting, in which I am able not only to conduct research myself, but also inspire many more young minds to find their own niche and passion in science.” “Knowing full well I am not bright enough, I still need more guidance after my undergrad experience,” Meng said. “So I will probably apply to some predoctoral fellowships so I can spend a couple more years under some great mentorship beyond the Purple Valley.” Meng is flattered to have received this prize. “I feel honored and humbled to receive this scholarship,” Meng said. “Honestly, it is less an award for me than a recognition of all of my great mentorship and friendship, both of which have supported and shaped me throughout my Williams career. I am so fortunate to have Professor Richardson, [Associate] Professor [of Mathematics Mihai] Stoiciu and many other affectionate mentors, such as Professor Goh, Professor [of Biology David] Lynch and Professor [of Biology Lois] Banta. All of them kindly guide me through some difficult times and selflessly impart their knowledge and wisdom onto me.”
May 3, 2017
The Williams Record
Marble slabs shape Sawyer Quad, spark controversy CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 Of that $12.5 million, approximately $800,000 went directly to the design firm for their work in planning and design and about $1.4 million was spent on site improvements, furnishings and the marble associated with that part of the project. Decoteau estimated that the marble slabs portion of the project cost between $600,000 and $800,000, with each large block of marble priced at around $4500, including installation costs. Design Stephen Stimson Associates is an architectural design firm run by Lauren and Stephen Stimson. Lauren Stimson was the face of the firm at the College – she presented the firm’s pitch to the Sawyer-Stetson Quad committee for what she has called “the best project of [her] career.” The project tasked her with “defining and designing a 21st-century quad,” and in the early stages of creating a pitch, the Bates geology graduate became immersed in the geology of Williamstown. She was “unimpressed by the environmental and sustainable landscape” of the College, especially given its ranking and commitment to sustainability. Stimson explained that when she was visiting the quad site at the College, she “tripped over a piece of marble sticking out of the ground by the Bernhard Music Center.” This inspired her research of the local geology, and she began to discover the vein of pure white marble
that runs along Route 7 – a regional characteristic that exists in few parts of the world and that became the foundation of her design. Stimson noted that the marble landscape was invisible to most who did not know the natural history of Williamstown, and she wanted to bring the marble to the surface, in the process redefining what the central quad at the best liberal arts institution should look like. When Stimson started her research on the marble, she came across Danby Quarry in Vermont, one in a small handful of white marble quarries in the world. The scrap yard is stacked full of second-tier marble, unusable for the quarry's standard sales. Stimson saw real value in the rejected marble that could be cleaned up for the quad. By sourcing locally, Stimson was able to use the building budget to stimulate the local economy and find an economically viable recycled substance as the centerpiece for her design. After discovering the quarry, she decided that her design would feature white marble exclusively, that “it was marble all the way.” She said that there was “no push back from the committee for the marble” and that they unanimously supported the design after she presented a series of images for the committee, which “ran the gamut of things from wild forests to urban plazas.” The two student committee members, however, were almost never present in project design meetings. One of the former students on the committee, Hannah Smith
’15, mentioned that meetings “conflicted with ski practice so [she] didn’t really go except to the first meeting.” She also commented that “it was never explained why [they] were selected.” She mentioned that the one time she and the other student tried to give their input into changing the quad space into an area with terraces, gardens and quads, they were told that their ideas “were not really in the budget” and the committee settled for a smaller scale garden landscaping. Ultimately, the design committee, with little student input, chose a design that was “wild” towards Chapin Hall with the ledges of marble, and became more polished as the design approached the library. The committee also chose a stormwater garden, filled with native plants, that would filter out run-off from the quad and return it to the groundwater supply without polluting the Hoosic River. The design included two major walk paths – one with wheelchair access that led directly from Sawyer Library into Paresky Student Center, and a second that would bring the wanderer winding through the ledges, inviting them to explore the landscaping. The ledges themselves were designed to reflect the mountains and ledges that surround the Purple Valley. Sassafras and oak trees lined these chiseled marble ledges. Stimson likened her design to Central Park and noted her hope that it would showcase that the College cares about the environment and its identity as a mountain school. The final architectural landscaping design reflected the lo-
cal ecology and geology of the region – the Taconic Crest, the meadows of Williamstown and the Hoosic River, paired with the “cultural landscape of the village,” she said. During the final stages of the project design, the architectural landscaping plans went through the Design Review Committee, which consisted of three members, each a well-respected academic and expert in architecture. After the plan passed through the building committee and the design review committee, construction began. In a little under three months, the quad had taken shape. Reactions The general campus reaction to the marble was a mixture of shock and confusion, which rapidly turned to dislike. One criticism centers on the architectural design. Many argue that the design of the pathways violate the east-west axis of campus. Others protest that the marble material does not match other College architecture. Professor of Art History E.J. Johnson joked that the marble landscaping reminded him of an famous art critic that once called a painting “the explosion in a shingle factory.” He calls the quad the “explosion in a marble quarry.” Michael Lewis, also a professor of art history, noted that the marble ledges and trees are “all about the photograph” for the admissions brochure pamphlet. Lewis remarked that, instead of bringing the marble vein to the surface, the architect could
have drilled deeper and created her design from magma from the core of the Earth. He also lamented that the design did not have the “wild” quality one associates with Central Park, which was the exact comparison that Stimson used in her description of the design. Ironically, these two professors were both members of the Design Review Committee that approved the design, but both said that they could not tell from what they were shown how rock-heavy the design would ultimately become. Student responses to the marble quad have been intense and polarized. The rhetoric repeated across the student body is that the marble represents a poor prioritization of College resources, “both ideologically and monetarily.” One student noted that, “the marble is white and monolithic – it stands for the appropriation of native lands.” Perhaps more pointedly, given the College’s stated goal of fighting climate change, the marble resembles “melting icebergs.” The few marble slab lovers on campus fondly refer to it as “a playground for college students” and excitedly await the growth of the newly planted trees. Despite the criticism, students are frequently found lounging on the ledges by the Bernhard Music Center, especially since the advent of spring weather. In response to the criticism, Stimson replied that the College “chose to invest in a green space that was different and progressive.” She said that “people frequently pick on landscapes” and that “people just aren’t placing a value on
Wind farm efforts at Berlin Pass meet barriers CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 The SED report proposed several possible wind farms, of either two or six turbines, with energy generation capacities that ranged from displacing only part of the College’s usage to making the College a net energy producer. It outlined several possible ownership models – bond, where the College owns the entire venture; joint ownership where the College would own 45 percent; and contract for differences, where the College owned none of the project, each with a different level of risk. Depending on the model chosen, SED calculated that the College could build a wind farm on Berlin Pass for as little as $8 million or as much as $27 million, all with a projected payback period of roughly seven years. Projected revenue, depending on the model chosen, could have been between $4.5 million and $13.5 million. Less fortunately, SED predicted that “a significant expenditure of time, money and human energy” would be needed to obtain all necessary permits and recommended a “proactive” public outreach campaign. Even while SED compiled its report, the town of Berlin drafted a bylaw, adopted in 2012, to regulate wind energy conversion systems that stressed the need for proper siting of such projects, as illplanned ones may, it claimed, harm property values, local infrastructure, birds and bats and the “health, safety, and welfare” of the general public. Independent System Operators (ISOs), which run the electrical grids in delineated areas, proved to be another problem. New York state has an ISO that is separate from New England. SED found that the closest place of interconnection would be in Massachusetts, while the turbines would be in New York. “When our developer went to talk to the [New York] ISO about how to build a project in NY that Williams could use the power from, there wasn’t even a regulatory precedent to see how that could happen,” Amy Johns ’98, current director of the Zilkha Center, said. Another challenge that SED predicted was physical access to the site. Because the most obvious route – from the Massachusetts side of the property straight to the suggested turbine sites – would be too steep to transport the turbines up, a north-south road along the crest was identified as the best option. However, this optimal route crossed public lands held by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC). To build a permanent access road on this land would have required a land exchange with the NYSDEC. As of 2010, SED said that preliminary conversations with NYSDEC employees revealed it would be difficult but possible. Despite ISO and regulatory hurdles to site access, SED wrote, “It is important to note that no fatal flaws have been identified thus far.” In September 2011, however, Scott Abbett, now director of solar development at SunCommon, and Kevin Schulte, now CEO of SunCommon, represented SED and the College at a meeting with Robert Davies, director of NYS-
DEC's Division of Lands and Forests, Christopher Amato, then NYSDEC assistant commissioner for natural resources, and Robert Messen. During this meeting, SED learned that the prospect of a land exchange between Williams and the NYSDEC would be more complicated than originally thought. According to the NYSDEC, a land exchange “must be approved by the people in a constitutional amendment.” For such an amendment to pass the state legislature, Abbett learned that the College would need the NYSDEC to support its proposal. However, the NYSDEC preferred land exchanges resulting in a property of equal or greater appraised value coming under easement. According to Abbett, the NYSDEC staff members also worried that this wind project could set a dangerous precedent for other tracts of conserved ridgetop land. Abbett learned that, because the Taconic Crest Trail runs through the land in question, the College would also need support from the Taconic Hiking Club (THC), a roughly 200-member group. To gauge whether support from THC would be possible, Abbett spoke with Colin Campbell, THC trails chairman, and R.J. Hydorn, thenpresident of the THC. According to Abbett, Hydorn questioned the necessity of the wind project and objected to moving the trail on aesthetic and logistical grounds. However, according to Abbett, Hydorn raised the idea that if the College could trade the THC help with trail maintenance, for example, perhaps something could be worked out. Hydorn also advocated for a College wind project on Mt. Raimer, according to Abbett. Abbett also learned in the 2010 meeting with Davies, Amato and Messen that the College would need the support of the town of Berlin and a New York state assemblyman or senator willing to sponsor a land-exchange amendment. According to Johns, beyond Kolesar’s hopeful conversations in Berlin, neither she nor SED formally approached the town of Berlin about the prospect of a land exchange. Similarly, they did not contact any state assemblymen or senators, she said. According to Abbett, in early 2013, Tim Roughan, Director of Product Management at the National Grid, spoke with people from the New York State Electrical Grid (NYSEG) about the potential Berlin Pass project. Although the 2010 SED study found that interconnection of the project to the grid would be physically easiest just across the border in MA, the NYSEG drew a “hard line” when speaking with Roughan, said Abbett, mandating that the project be interconnected in NY. According to Abbett, this may have increased costs for interconnection and lowered the value of Renewable Energy Certificates that the project would produce. According to Abbett, however, Roughan mentioned the possibility that finding a champion for the project might sway the NYSEG. Johns remembers hearing that the NYSDEC “didn’t say no out and out,” but “didn’t exactly make a path forward clear.” Johns admits that the discus-
“You can buy CO2 credits with airplane tickets and feel pretty righteous, but it’s a different thing entirely for Williams to roll up its sleeves.” Reed Zars ’77
sion Abbett had with NYSDEC staff members was “a while ago,” and that the NYSDEC “could have changed their tune.” The meeting was not a formal statement from the NYSDEC and was not documented beyond some notes that Abbett took. According to Johns, the College dropped the Berlin Pass wind farm idea in 2013. At the time, she said, they sought no alternate renewables projects. In 2015, the Board of Trustees and President Adam Falk issued a commitment to “reduce [the College’s] net greenhouse gas emissions to 35 percent below 1990 levels by 2020.” Like the College’s sustainability commitment in 2007, the 2015 statement was the result of student and faculty pressure. The 2015 statement claims that the College will “whenever possible ... purchase electricity from renewable sources” and “invest in projects that reduce carbon emissions in our local region,” offsetting if not literally reducing the college’s emissions. Through “significant investments on our campus and beyond,” the College declared itself willing to spend “approximately $50 million over the next 5 years.” When asked if administrators had considered a Berlin Pass wind farm when settling on the 2015 emissions reduction commitments, Falk implied that they had not, citing “insurmountable challenges both technical and regulatory.” Kolesar also said that a wind farm on Berlin Pass “in the end would be majorly complicated,” but conceded that “all these projects are.” According to Johns, the College is now looking for a wind project in the New England ISO that already has its “ducks in a row in terms of access [and] permitting,” to which the College can sign on as an off-taker of the energy produced. Although the College would not be initiating a new source of renewable energy in this case, it would “provide extremely necessary funding” for such a project to proceed. “There’s an argument,” Johns said, that “the world’s renewable projects should be in places where the amount of money gets the most energy. And that’s not necessarily in the Berkshires.” However, proponents of a wind farm on Berlin Pass argue that the locality of the project is crucial. Reed Zars ’77 said that a college-owned wind farm just a few miles from campus would be a selling point for the school with a “strong educational component.” Many would like to “watch where [their] energy is being produced,” Professor of Biology Hank Art said, rather than outsource destruction to the coalfields of the West or mountaintops of Appalachia. “I would hate to see the opportunity foregone forever,” Art said. He argued that, as wind energy continues to become cheaper and more efficient, the Berlin Pass wind farm idea should be periodically revisited and assessed. The College is not currently investigating regulatory avenues for the Berlin Pass wind project to proceed. With current students unaware and longtime faculty proponents of the idea on the cusp of retirement, it seems that the forty-year dream of a local, College-owned wind farm may at last have died. For his part, Zars – the kid that started it all – thinks this is a mistake. “You can buy CO2 credits with airplane tickets and feel pretty righteous,” he said, but “it’s a different thing entirely... for Williams to roll up its sleeves, get its hands dirty and try to deal with its energy use locally as much as possible.”
landscape.” One constructive purpose accomplished by the marble, unanticipated by the designer, has been to inspire some important campus conversations regarding the improvement of student health care and addressing priorities in College spending. The slabs and surrounding landscape have also served as the subjects of academic essays, poetry and a number of photography pieces. One student made a sound art piece where she created sounds for marble slabs that represented the Anthropocene and climate change. Perfect storm The Sawyer-Stetson Quad project was the perfect storm – a designer given the project of a lifetime and a building committee that may not have been sufficiently representative of the campus community as a whole, may not have fully understood the nature of its mission and/or may have been swayed by a flashy PowerPoint and the enthusiasm and conviction of the designer. Ultimately, while the architectural success of the marble quad project remains to be seen, it is certain that the campus-wide response was far more intense than anyone could have anticipated. The marble slabs have played a key role across campus conversations and even provided the inspiration for two freshmen, who decided to dress up as marble slabs for Halloween and who included, affixed to their costumes, price tags that read “$5,000.”
SPRING STREET BLUES Thursday 4-27-17 8:10 a.m. Paresky Student Center: A dining staff member reported that the radio antenna on the College-owned Dining Services box truck in the loading dock was bent over in two spots. The antenna appeared to have been vandalized. 12:35 p.m. Hopkins Hall: An officer took a stolen article report from a student reporting that a laptop and laptop case were missing from his room in Spencer House. Friday 4-28-17 2:23 p.m. Rte. 2 Bus Stop: Officers responded to the bus stop at the intersection of Main St. and Spring St. for a report that there was an elderly man at the bus stop needing medical assistance. Village Ambulance also responded and transported the man to Berkshire Medical Center in Pittsfield, Mass. 10:09 p.m. Mission Park: Officers responded to a possible fight in progress in the lounge. Officers found a group of extremely agitated male students talking loudly. The officers brought several students to the CSS office to file statements. WPD officers also arrived at the CSS office to conduct interviews. All parties declined to press charges. Saturday 4-29-17 9:04 a.m. Dodd House: Officers responded to a report of large wasps in a room. An officer was able to remove one wasp from the room and let another one escape through the window. The officer submitted a work order to check this room for how the wasps might be entering. 1:15 a.m. Jewish Religious Center: Officers responded to the yard outside for a report of a student in distress. Upon arrival, officers activated 911 for an ambulance to respond. The student was yelling and rambling incoherently. Village Ambulance arrived and transported the student to Berkshire Health North. 12:51 p.m. Paresky Student Center: An officer responded to a fire alarm. The alarm was caused by burnt toast. The officer ventilated the area and reset the system. Sunday 4-30-17 10:34 a.m. Cole Field: Williamstown Dispatch sent Village Ambulance to Cole Field for someone having an allergic reaction during a Williams Ultimate Frisbee Organization (WUFO) event. They transported a visiting athlete to Berkshire Health North. 3:02 p.m. Danforth Apartments: An officer responded to fire alarm caused by cooking. The officer ventilated the area and reset the system. 4:35 p.m. Dennett House: A student reported wasps outside her window. The student stated that she is allergic to bees and wasps. An officer checked outside on the south side of Mission Park and noticed a large hive on the fourth floor. The officer submitted a work order for pest control.
May 3, 2017
The Williams Record
One in Two Thousand
By TESNIM ZEKERIA EXECUTIVE EDITOR Known to many as “Mama Shabazz,” “Auntie” and even “Grandma,” Aunrika is hands down one of the most amazing people I’ve ever met. I sat down with her to chat about how she juggles school, work and Ritmo, all the while looking effortlessly good on the daily. Where are you from? I was born in DeKalb, Ill. and after that I was homeless for 11 years. I don’t have a fixed location as home but there are a bunch of different places that I lived in that I connect to and that I try to relive somehow. Do you have any siblings? I have 13 siblings — seven girls and six boys. I’m number eight of 13. How did you come across the College? Completely by accident — like complete accident. I was in a shelter my junior year and I pretty much had done the entire college application process on my own knowing that I didn’t want to go to college in Minnesota. I had these random colleges and universities all over my list — I mean it was a hodgepodge. I had schools like MIT, Harvard and Yale but then I had Normandale Community College which is a small, two-year rural community college. So it was like October and this organization that was targeting homeless, highlymobile, transient teens but was also part of this other college bound program that I had signed up for was launching a new pilot program for high school into college. They sent this old white lady to the shelter that I was in to help with college stuff. And, even though I thought I was set, I let her look over my resume,
transcript and list of schools. But then she was like, ‘you know you could go to the top private schools and universities.’ She told me that if I gave her my word that I will try, she would work with me in six weeks to get an application for a list of schools that are only the top private schools. I thought that she was wasting my time and was like ‘no way — this is the white hope that people be having.’ But my mom told me I had nothing to lose, so I worked with this woman and I wrote seven different essays in four weeks. I did a QuestBridge application in those four weeks and was accepted and matched with Williams, Princeton, Amherst and Brown. And I had happened to match with Williams because the lady who was working with me knew a Williams alum and suggested I try it out. So I fly out to Williams to visit and when I get off the plane at Albany I step outside to where the dock is and there’s this person in a cow suit. I was not sure what was going on. [Laughs.] But then it came down to it and I decided to come here, and I don’t regret coming here at all. It’s the best place I could’ve been, hands down. There’s no competition in terms of class size — I was coming from public schools where a science class had 70 kids. I mean there was nothing better than what Williams was selling. What are you majoring in? I am a double major in psychology with an emphasis on developmental and social [psychology] and in French with an emphasis on the francophone world, and an Africana studies concentrator.
AUNRIKA SHABAZZ ’17
TESNIM ZEKERIA/EXECUTIVE EDITOR
MUSIC OBSESSION KAYTRANADA
RESIDENCE WEST HALL
there at some point [in] my life because it was the most transformative experience I’ve had in 22 years. There is a completely different cultural memory, different values and principles [and a] completely different structure of gender relationships. Life was so much slower and I didn’t have anxiety — my heart didn’t beat fast and you know everything worked out. There was an amazing interfaith community, an amazing dance tradition. Every day you could learn a new dance. And, of course, it was warm. It was an absolutely amazing experience.
What was your study abroad experience like?
How did you first get involved in Ritmo Latino?
I studied abroad in Senegal the summer of my sophomore year through the fall of my junior year. I’m going back eventually and am probably going to live
I auditioned for Ritmo Latino [in the] spring [of] my freshman year as a complete joke, like the entire audition was a complete joke. I was talking shade the
FAVORITE ACTIVITY DANCING
whole time, talking smack to everyone, and I loudly announced that I was there only because my friend told me to come. All my answers on my application were wild. And then, I remember getting an email two days after auditions saying that I was confirmed into Ritmo and I was convinced that it was literally a joke. So, I joined Ritmo Latino my freshman spring, and this year I’m president of the group. How has your final semester at the College been? I don’t know how I made it through this last semester. I’m taking five classes. I’m writing a thesis. I work three jobs on campus, sometimes four. I go to Ritmo practice three times a week and hold three sets of board meetings. And I just have no idea how I’m doing any of it and manage to sleep. This is the most difficult, the most intense
semester I’ve had but it came at a good time when I was also going through really difficult personal growth. I knew that you’re supposed to have that moment of transformation in College, but mine didn’t really come until this last year. When I turned 22 in January, I promised myself that I was going to challenge myself every day and do something that made me bigger than I was. I was really used to being confined physically, mentally, verbally, emotionally. I’m used to making myself as small as I can be, used to trying to avoid attention and defer it to everyone else. And these were habits that I discovered this year that are latent in me from being homeless. Making myself small was something I used to do because being homeless and attracting attention was not what you want. So I made a vow every day that I would take every day of being 22 and do something that made me big and made me expand. And, I’ve been really happy. In the four years I’ve been here, I’ve changed more in the last four months than I can imagine. What do you do to unwind? I love dancing — it doesn’t matter what the music is. I imagine that in an alternate world if humans can’t speak, we can just dance and communicate with our bodies. Our bodies are very effective mouthpieces. I also really enjoy talking and meeting new people. I really enjoy the process of watching people transform in front of me and knowing that it’s because I asked them to either focus on themselves or talk about what they love to do or tell me about their family. Humans are the most plentiful database of just endless stories, and how can you ever get tired of listening? If I was any good at math, I’m sure that there would be a way to quantify this. Everyday there are people with stories to be told and all you have to do is ask. So, yeah.
I like to dance and check in and take the temperature of people I’m around. What’s you most recent music obsession? I’ve really been obsessed with Mac Miller and Ty Dolla Sign’s song called “Cinderella.” It’s a definite ear worm for me, but I’ve also been insanely obsessed with this artist called KAYTRANADA. It is sickly sweet how KAYTRANADA makes my body feel — it literally activates and radiates a kind of energy that is insane. I don’t know what KAYTRANADA does in the studio but when it comes out … his stuff is the most terrible parts about being black with the highest of highs. I’ve also kind of been on the weird SoundCloud R&B artist wave for a while. So, you know when it’s a lil’ gray outside, there’s that one artist on SoundCloud that you just let their station play. What are your plans after graduation? A few weeks ago I pledged to [the University of Michigan in] Ann Arbor for a six-year sociology Ph.D. program. I start in the fall. Any advice for first-years? Endeavor to compartmentalize. Scholarship can be interdisciplinary. Social relationships are interconnected. As an individual expected to achieve some level of success with some level of efficacy without doing too much self-harm, you must compartmentalize yourself. So endeavor over the course of the four years to become efficient at compartmentalizing your life and experience to become a better producer of cultural work for yourself and for those people who mean enough to you that they can spill over into the rest of the parts of your life. Choose those people very carefully.
College selects Mellon Mays, Allison Davis research fellows By TESNIM ZEKERIA EXECUTIVE EDITOR For nearly 18 years, the Office of Special Academic Programs at the College has been administering both the Mellon Mays Undergraduate Fellowship (MMUF) and the Allison Davis Research Fellowship (ADRF). These fellowships, designed to support underrepresented minority students pursuing doctorates, aim to address the lack of diversity in academia. Earlier this semester the MMUF was awarded to MarChè Daughtry ’19, Merudjina Normil ’19, Isabel Peña ’19, Gabriel Silva Collins ’19 and Valeria Sosa Garnica ’19. Meanwhile, the ADRF was awarded to Mikhayla Armstrong ’19, Arkey Barnett ’19, Arno Cai ’19, Neftaly Lara ’19 and Bethel Shekour ’19. The Mellon Mays Foundation was founded in 1988 and is named after Benjamin E. Mays, a prominent civil rights activist and educator. The organization, created with the desire to diversify the upper echelons of academia, prepares students for enrollment in doctorate programs in the humanities or social sciences. This is done through structured programming and faculty mentoring as well as term and summer stipends for research activities. The College began receiving grants from the foundation in 1989 and today is one of 40 institutions that are member campuses. In 1999, the College created the ADRF to run alongside the MMUF. Previously known as the Williams College Undergraduate Research Fellowship, the fellowship was renamed to commemorate black scholar W. Allison Davis ’24. Similar to the MMUF, this fellowship strives to increase diversity in higher education by supporting promising students as they explore their intellectual interests. Unlike the MMUF, however, ADRF fellows are able to pursue research in all fields of study including the sciences.
Currently, the doctorate completion rate 10 years after a student enrolls in a program hovers around 50 percent. When factoring in demographic characteristics such as race and citizenship, the 10-year completion rate exhibits noticeable decreases. “Nationally, there is a high dropout rate in Ph.D. programs and I think that it happens because students aren’t necessarily prepared,” Molly Magavern, director of special academic programs, said. “They may not know how to do that kind of sustained research required, or they’re not totally informed about what it’s like.” The MMUF and ADRF seek to tackle this salient issue by providing fellows with a supportive environment. Fellows pick up a variety of skills as they participate in fieldwork and learn how to maintain their stamina when undertaking long-term projects. Magavern finds that Mellon Mays and Allison Davis Research fellows “have a really strong sense of what they’re getting into and are able to develop the habits you need to strive in graduate school.” Preparation for graduate school is not the only perk, however. From researching the effects of North Korean propaganda to examining gentrification in Los Angeles, Mellon Mays and Allison Davis Research Fellows are able to translate their passions into cutting-edge research projects. “The biggest thing is that they have time to explore their own intellectual interests and move around amongst different topics in their field to figure out where they want to land,” Magavern said. “They kind of know what questions they want to ask in pursuing graduate school. We’ve had projects in almost all fields, and really all over the map.” For some such as Merudjina Normil ’19, a Mellon Mays fellow, the freedom to research topics she was passionate about was an offer hard to turn down.
“I saw it as an opportunity to keep me at the College because I was considering not being here. It’s a great way for me to go outside of the Williams Bubble and create my own kind of personal project — which isn’t often available to me,” Normil said. “Personally, I’m really interested in the differences between the black feminist filmmaker and the black woman filmmaker. As a Mellon Mays fellow, I’ll be able to conduct research in understanding how these filmmakers are creating space for themselves and combatting the white male gaze.” Mellon Mays and Allison Davis Research Fellows also have the opportunity to learn from one another. Because the programs run side-by-side, fellows are able to support each other as their projects evolve and serve as sources of inspiration. This relationship is fostered through bimonthly meetings throughout the school year and a six-week summer session following the completion of their sophomore year. “One of the real strengths of the program is the way it allows students to come together in an intellectual community,” Magavern said. “Even though they are all studying different topics, they are going through different processes and kind of supporting each other and helping each other. That has been really powerful and a highlight of the program for students.” Magavern strongly encourages a broad range of candidates at the College to consider the merits of the program for them. “As long as it’s something that you’re strongly considering and as long as you want to participate in all the pieces of the program, what we’re going to spend our time doing is preparing you for graduate school,” Magavern said. “If this appeals to you and you are strongly considering an academic career then go ahead and apply. By being accepted into the fellowship you’re committing to taking that seriously but you’re not committing to any particular outcome.”
PHOTO COURTESY OF RAMBLEWILD
Ramblewild caters to adventure-seekers with a variety of ropes courses to challenge climbers of all levels.
Ephs seek aerial adventure at Ramblewild By RB SMITH FEATURES EDITOR Most students at the College are familiar with the natural treasure trove that is the Purple Valley. From hiking to skiing, canoeing, rock climbing and everything in between, the Berkshires offer a cornucopia of outdoors activities. When people think of the outdoors, however, rarely do the words “Aerial Adventure” come to mind. Ramblewild Adventure Park, situated in the gorgeous pine forests near Lanesborough, Mass., wants to change that. The largest park of its kind in North America, Ramblewild offers a plethora of opportunities for outdoor adventure, all high up in the canopy, resulting in a heady mix of engaging puzzles, physical challenge and adventure. But what, exactly, is “Aerial Adventure?” Those familiar with ropes courses will see the clear parallels – over the ten-acre park, ropes, wires and wooden platforms pepper the trees above, where visitors climb, swing and zip-line through Ramblewild’s eight “courses” ranging in difficulty from beginner’s yellow to expert’s double black. Ramblewild is entirely self-guided: their innovative “smart belay” harness, with two separate clips, ensures that visitors are always secured to the safety wires (neither of the clips can open unless the other one is closed), while also giving them the mobility to explore the park’s huge web of elements all on their own. This freedom, when combined with the park’s
innovative obstacles, results in a distinctive experience that is as deep as it is exciting. One of the most delightful things about Ramblewild is the diversity of its courses. The beginner’s courses offer fun and interesting climbing for children as young as seven, while the more challenging courses provide a rigorous physical challenge for even the most intense athletes. Only one in 10 people who attempt Hemlock’s Revenge, the most difficult course in the park, manage to make it to the end – the rest have to be rescued by the park staff that wanders the forest floor shouting encouragement and sometimes offering aid to climbers. No two courses are the same, and visitors are bound to come across neat surprises – whether they’re scaling a rock wall suspended in midair, careening from a zip-line directly into a cargo net, gliding over a ravine standing in a kayak, or bungee jumping from a high platform straight down to the ground, Ramblewild ensures that even experienced climbers will rarely be bored. Emily Elder ’20 got to experience the park firsthand with the Williams Outing Club’s (WOC) High Adventure physical education [PE] class. “I went because it sounded like a fun way to get outside, try something new and exciting off campus, pay respect to my primate ancestors and take a break from studying,” she said. After completing a brief “ground school” to learn the ropes and the harness system, the students were
left to their own devices. “I liked that we had a lot of freedom in how we experienced the course, that we could choose our own path and make it as easy or as challenging as we wanted,” Elder said. “It was really fun hanging from the trees, the staff was super friendly and encouraging and there was a lot of creativity in the elements of the course, so it was cool to have to figure out the best strategy to get from one to another... Ten out of ten would recommend.” David Ackerson, assistant director of WOC, only started taking PE classes to Ramblewild last year, but is eager to take more students. He first learned about it at a street fair in Adams where he met some Ramblewild representatives. After a visiting on a tour, he was hooked. “I’ve been doing ropes courses for 30 years now,” he said. “But primarily through institutions, which have a different focus … I’ve worked at Hartwick College, Cornell University, and their ropes courses are much more about team-building … whereas Ramblewild is about ‘yee-haw,’ it’s about the adventure, it’s about the fun.” Ackerson plans to continue taking his High Adventure class, which is taught first and fourth quarters, “for the foreseeable future.” Tickets are $48 for a full day but can be less for larger groups or students visiting through the PE class. Only a 20-minute drive away, Ramblewild offers a unique weekend adventure for anyone willing to climb out of their comfort zone.
May 3, 2017
The Williams Record
Instagram account @thebreakfastchick documents culinary creations By SARA HETHERINGTON CONTRIBUTNG WRITER “Ask her how she gets those yolk shots!,” urged a friend upon learning that I would be writing on @thebreakfastchick. We were scrolling through @ thebreakfastchick, an Instagram account run by Bridget Bousa ’17 and her high school friend, Catherine Walker-Jacks, who is a senior at Brown. Packed with brunch pictures and homemade treats like Nutella Pop-Tarts, the account is a great find for foodies, would-be bakers and egg enthusiasts alike, and its more than 16,000 followers can attest to that. “Brown has six weeks off [for winter break] so, last winter, Catherine decided to start a food Instagram,” Bousa explained. “I started helping her out when her schedule was busy and she eventually titled me an ‘intern.’” By the end of the next summer, they were partners. As their followers grew, the friends upped their game. The first thing to change was the account name. “Originally it was ‘Cat Eats’ and then I convinced Catherine to change it. It sounded like a fancy cat food account,” Bousa joked. However, coming up with a new name was tough. “We threw around one million ideas,” Bousa recalls. When they landed on “thebreakfastchick,” they decided “it was the most fun.” It also appealed to their target demographic. “You understand it’s a girl, that she’s young,” Bousa said. “We wanted our audience to be of the Instagram generation and we felt like that name appealed.” Crafting the right brand name is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the work behind the friends’ joint account. Coming up with recipes, in particular, has led to new, unlikely skills.
PHOTO COURTESY OF @THEBREAKFASTCHICK
Bridget Bousa '17 documents one of her latest confections: pancakes with berries, topped off with her signature maple drizzle. “Catherine’s very good at making an avocado rose,” Bousa said. Bousa herself has worked out tiny tricks to perfect her own specialty: the over-easy eggs my friend had admired. “The mini egg pan is most important if you want good shaped eggs. I always use coconut oil,” she explained. “It doesn’t burn and it provides a great nonstick.” Once the recipes are complete, decisions about photography come into play. “I photograph everything by my window to get the natural lighting, because that’s very important to make the food look appetizing,” Bousa says. This includes the #yolkporn pictures Bousa perfected, as
well as her second favorite thing to capture: homemade pancakes with a maple syrup pour. Often, these take the form of strategically-angled photos, but previously, the friends posted more videos of their creations. “Those were very successful,” Bousa recalls of the videos. “We had sixty thousand views on some of those.” That all changed when the social media platform adjusted the way it promotes accounts, however. “Instagram came out with a new algorithm in the summer which has significantly affected our growth,” Bousa explains. “Because we’re not a business paying to promote our
FROM THE ARCHIVES: 1967 Half a century ago, the world was a very different place – Lyndon B. Johnson sat in the White House, the Green Bay Packers won the very first Super Bowl and students at the College were engaged in rigorous debate over the morality of the Vietnam War. We delved into the Record archives to pull a couple of our favorite articles from this formative year.
feed, we’re less likely to show up on individuals’ ‘explore’ feeds.” In order to adjust, Bousa and Walter-Jacks took note of which of their posts got the most attention. Since well-shot stills got the most likes, the pair decided to cut down the number of videos — including those mouth-watering maple syrup pours and spilling egg yolks. “We definitely try to adapt to what we’re seeing in the Instagram world,” Bousa says, but sudden changes to the online environment can be frustrating for part-time accounts. “I went to an ‘influencer event’ over the summer in New York City at [a restaurant called] Mother of Pearl,” Bousa says. “I took
a friend and we met a bunch of influencers,” including Instagram heavyweights like “@onehungryjew” and “@ foodmento”. “[For] a lot of them, it’s their full-time job,” she explains. With hundreds of thousands of followers to generate their income, such Instagrammers can expend more time to quickly adapt to rapidly changing trends and platform updates. Unlike many of the influencers she has met, Bousa remarks, “I don’t think Catherine and I ever had the intention of this becoming our full-time job.” As she nears the end of her career at the College, she reflects, “We both
191 Water Street
enjoy the hobby, but once we’re working in the real world, it’ll be a lot harder to have the time to make the food, especially extravagant options.” Even though the friends may have less time to cook at home, there’s a lot to look forward to. “In the summer, Catherine will be in Washington, D.C. again and I’m moving to Los Angeles, so we’ll have a bicoastal food market,” Bousa says. The pair hopes to continue working with brands and restaurants even after they relocate. Previously, they’ve been contacted by PRsavvy restaurants who’ll pay for the friends’ entrees if they post pictures. In addition, brands have sent them their product in the hopes that @ thebreakfastchick will feature them. “When it was National Cereal Day, General Mills sent a massive package of six different cereals, a T-shirt, and a bowl that said ‘National Cereal Day’ on it,” Bousa said. @thebreakfastchick created Lucky Charms pancakes with the promotional product. “When we’re in more metropolitan areas, we’ll have more access to restaurants that want to host us,” she predicts. On balance, the pair has made the most of their Instagram success. “Getting to eat for free is really awesome,” Bousa admitted with a laugh. But more than that, the Instagram account has helped the two friends keep in touch. “Every day we have a conversation about what we’re going to post,” she explains. “It’s kept our relationship very strong.” Even if they don’t plan on becoming full-time Instagrammers after graduation, the “Breakfast Chicks” have a surefire way to maintain their long-distance friendship — and their adventurous appetites.
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April 11: Although the College would not admit women until 1970, students were nevertheless excited by the possible arrival of Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Joseph Stalin (she ended up moving to Princeton, N.J. instead).
April 28: The popularization of psychedelic drugs caused quite a buzz at the College, with some students proudly lauding the merits of drugs such as LSD and others warning of its potential dangers.
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The Williams Record
May 3, 2017
Kendrick Lamar delves into his psyche on ‘DAMN.’ By MANO SUNDARESAN STAFF WRITER Kendrick Lamar isn’t an activist. He said so himself on “AbSoul’s Outro,” the closing track off his 2011 project Section.80: “I’m not the next pop star. I’m not the next socially aware rapper. I am a human mothafuckin’ being, over dope ass instrumentation.” However, as Lamar has dropped masterpiece after masterpiece, fans and critics alike have started to pigeonhole him into the category of “socially-conscious rap.” And for good reason – To Pimp A Butterfly was the soundtrack to the #BlackLivesMatter movement in 2015, with “Alright” becoming the chant of choice for protestors nationwide. In a sense, Butterfly was itself a movement, redefining the boundaries of hiphop through its homage to black sounds of decades past – jazz, funk, soul, spoken word. However, To Pimp A Butterfly isn’t inherently a politically charged album. Rather, it’s a story of deep, internalized psychological warfare, the product of a successful black artist constantly at odds with the pitfalls of fame, his distant, decaying city of Compton and the fleeting loyalties aof his fan base (“When shit hit the fan, is you still a fan?”). Two years later, and we find this mothafuckin’ human at the peak of his powers but wearier and more conflicted than ever. He told us earlier this year that he was gearing up to release an “urgent” album about God. A couple false alarms later and the record, titled DAMN., has arrived. The album artwork itself conveys the ethos of the music. On the front, a defeated, bugged-out Lamar gazes downward into nothing, with the album title sticking out in red magazine cover font. On the back, Lamar
PHOTO COURTESY OF HIPHOPDX.COM
Diverging from ‘To Pimp a Butterfly,’ Kendrick Lamar’s newest album, ‘DAMN.,’ is his most personal and self critical work yet. looks ahead into the eyes of an opponent, appearing headstrong and determined. DAMN. is all about dichotomy. From the opening lines of “BLOOD.” – “Is it wickedness? Is it weakness? You decide, are we gonna live or die?” – to the stark sonic and thematic contrast between tracks like “LUST.” and “LOVE.,” the album is about the constantly-warring elements of Lamar’s psyche. Like his previous releases, DAMN. contains political songs, notably standout cut “XXX.” with U2, but it is not a political album. Rather, DAMN. is Lamar’s most personal and self-critical album yet. The urgency Lamar spoke of earlier is undoubtedly prevalent. The contemplative, jazzy production found on Butterfly is totally
absent on this record, replaced entirely by expensive trap and sample-heavy boom bap. Album opener “BLOOD.” transitions directly into the Mike WiLL MadeIt-produced “DNA.,” which might go down as one of the most aggressive artistic statements of black excellence ever. The beat abruptly devolves into nothing but unadulterated 808s in the middle, with Lamar taking direct shots at his appropriators: “I’d rather die than to listen to you / My DNA not for imitation / Your DNA an abomination.” Moreover, Lamar sheds a tightly knit storyline in favor of looser themes that allow him to diversify his sound. And it’s this theme of emotional dichotomy, of wickedness versus weakness, which makes contrasts like the
transition between “DNA.” and its somber follow-up “YAH.” work beautifully. It also allows him to simply rap away and create some of the most accessible, effective tracks of his career. On “ELEMENT.,” Lamar channels his inner battle rapper and doesn’t let any of his competition hide: “Last LP I tried to lift the black artists / But it’s a difference between black artists and wack artists.” Songs like “ELEMENT.,” “DNA.,” and lead single “HUMBLE.” seem to represent the “wickedness“ Lamar recalls throughout DAMN., the pompous, braggadocious side of Lamar that spouts from fame. Amidst these tracks, Lamar intersperses anxious, confused reflection about his sinfulness and
the support from his peers, taking the form of melancholy passages like “FEEL.” and “LUST.” and representing the opposing “weakness.” Among these, the devastating “FEAR.” is easily the climax. Over a dusty, soulful Alchemist instrumental, Lamar mourns about his fear at the ages of 7, 17 and 27, respectively. He convincingly takes on different personalities in each verse, imitating his mother in the first verse and his teenage self on the second. The song’s theme of branching, evolving fears mirrors his songwriting in previous work like “u” and “Mortal Man.” It is difficult to compare DAMN. to Lamar’s past releases. Lamar has always been able to craft catchy songs, but “LOVE.” marks a new direction for him.
Supported by a bubbly, Weekndesque chorus courtesy of Zacari, Lamar hops on the Young Thug bandwagon, pulling off a singsongy style in his affectionate verses. “PRIDE.” represents a sort of middle ground between his hiphop roots and Butterfly explorations, relying on a lo-fi guitar riff courtesy of up-and-comer Steve Lacy while Lamar’s voice ebbs and flows through different filters. Despite these changes in style, Lamar never fails to show off his essential storytelling ability that has made him famous. Album closer “DUCKWORTH.” is a cold, revealing piece in which Lamar wittily tells the untold story of how his label manager Top Dawg once robbed the KFC that Lamar’s father worked at. It’s a complex, evolving production with wonky samples laced throughout, and Lamar uses the story to craft an alternate universe where he may have been killed. It’s as powerful a tale as Lamar has ever told, and it’s a microcosm of the realities his community faces in the city he grew up. Sonically, DAMN. shares the most in common with Lamar’s 2010 mixtape Overly Dedicated, his most traditionally-hip-hop project to date. But even this comparison fails to capture DAMN.’s thematic elements. It’s nothing like he’s ever done before. Don’t go into DAMN. expecting the deep, layered narratives of good kid, m.A.A.d city or To Pimp A Butterfly. Don’t listen expecting another reinvention of hip-hop musical norms as we know them. DAMN. isn’t trying to force you to do anything. Lamar doesn’t have time for that. It’s simply stating truths. It’s urgent. Listen to DAMN., reminding yourself that Kendrick Lamar isn’t an activist. He’s an observer – an observer of himself and of his environment. And he’s a damn good rapper.
‘Into the Woods’ wows the Clark By MEKLIT TESFAYE STAFF WRITER
PHOTO COURTESY OF. FASNHENCOX.HOME
Fanshen Cox discusses her new work, ‘One Drop Love,’ while exploring history, family, class and love.
One Drop of Love: Fanshen Cox discusses mixed race in America By ALEX MEDEIROS OPINIONS EDITOR Last Thursday, the Students of Caribbean Ancestry (SOCA) coordinated a one-woman show produced and written by JamaicanAmerican Fanshen Cox DiGiovanni. This performance was part of “Heritage Week” celebrating SOCA heritage. Cox’s interactive show, called “One Drop of Love,” explores history, family, class, justice and love. It challenges the audience to recognize the enduring power of the “one drop rule.” In the 18th century, when the slave trade was in full force, many of the colonists who came to the Caribbean islands raped their slaves, resulting in mixed race children. Although some of these children were lighter skinned, like Cox, the “one drop rule” pronounced that one drop of African blood meant that the child was of African descent and therefore could not benefit from being the son or daughter of a white man. In fact, many millions of people in the United States still endure the repercussions of such an arbitrary rule, centuries after it was created. Cox’s performance, also produced by Ben Affleck and Matt Damon, aimed to address this issue of the “one drop rule.” As a half-Jamaican half-Caucasian woman, Fanshen has experienced her fair share of racial confusion. For example, while the color
of her skin may suggest one thing, her hair may suggest another. One of the main conflicts of Cox’s particular story of mixed race identity is her relationship with her Jamaican father. There was a lot of tension between the two, especially when her father and her mother got divorced. Her father did not want to attend her wedding to her Italian husband, Diego, which was going to be in Jamaica. At the time, Cox believed the reason was because her father was “not good with Europeans” and did not want to see his daughter marry a white man. In a heartwarming slideshow display at the end of the performance, Cox calls up her father and asks him why he did not come. It turns out that he didn’t want to go back to Jamaica having escaped the struggle there. This special phone call memorialized on the screen represented the severity of miscommunication and the value of familial love. During the show Cox displayed a wide array of skills. For one, as a one-woman performer, Cox played every character from her father to her grandmother. She even included a Jamaican accent for those that had it. Each of the little stories she shared with the audience were made more vivid by her depictions of them from their point of views. These stories ranged from small conversations with her grandmother to her rape while in the Peace
Corps. Yet each and every one of them together created a complete interactive and emotional memoir. Finally, it’s important to note the implications of Fanshen’s work. “One Drop of Love” was created because Cox, as a mixed-race actress in white Hollywood, was in need of a role. So she wrote her own role and told her own story. She begins by drawing attention to the fact that the Census of 1790 (and those following until quite recently) arbitrarily assigned races to people. People did not have the opportunity to choose nor were they given enough options to satisfy their own personal identity. Cox believes that “picking a racial category on the census” is like the census telling “us all about who we are.” Fortunately, the system has changed in the past few years so that people are given the opportunity to check multiple boxes when it’s necessary. Perhaps many people do not realize it, but most people don’t belong in one box. Over thousands of years we have been evolving, and now, even our official forms reflect that. We are not nearly to where we should be, but Cox is optimistic, and her show is a fantastic example of using art to open the hearts and minds of others. With hope and continued activism, maybe the global community will be better equipped to understand the “one drop rule of love.”
“Anything can happen in the woods,” was the premise of Cap & Bells’ production of Stephen Sondheim ’50 and James Lapine’s beloved musical, Into the Woods, on last Friday and Saturday night in the Manton Research Center. The musical brilliantly intertwines the original storylines from popular fairytales, providing both a whimsical and dramatic interpretation of these narratives. This enchanting musical takes its audience to a magical land, where a childless baker (Harold Eric Theurer ’17) and his wife (Nicole Jones ’20) hope to begin a family. This desire leads them to a witch (Alessandra Edgar ’17), who had originally placed this curse on them. In order to fulfill their wish, the baker and his wife must enter into the woods and gather certain objects from recognizable fairytale characters, such as Little Red Riding Hood (Arianna Ruiz ’20), Jack of the Beanstalk (Jack Scaletta ’18), Rapunzel (Erin Kennedy ’19) and Cinderella (Mia Herring-Sampong ’20), who are also in the woods for their own reasons. Beneath the light, comedic plot of Into the Woods lies a series of moral lessons meant not only for children. Madeline Seidman ’17 and Harriet Weldon ’19 did an exceptional job as directors of the production, presenting an innovative and enjoyable perspective on a classic. The set, managed by William Ouweleen ’19, humorously uses everyday objects to recreate the certain scenes from the musical – a stick with paper airplanes to represent Cinderella’s bird friends, a canopy umbrella that resembles the tree containing Cinderella’s dress for the ball and a backpack for Little Red Riding Hood’s “basket” full of food for Grandmother. The characters’ costumes, managed by Devyn Hébert ’17, are necessarily simple with the female characters wearing vintage dresses and shawls while most of the male characters fashioned old vests or coats. With many actors switching in between roles, the
uncomplicated outfits allowed them to easily navigate between characters. Rapunzel and Cinderella’s Princes (Woogie Jung ’19 & Jack Scaletta ’18) are the driving comedic forces with their self-absorbed duet, “Agony.” The production adds to its humor with the seemingly immortal Narrator/Mysterious Man (Elías Ramos ’19), who keeps the story going, and Jack’s beloved cow, Milky White (Kate Feeney ’20), who wins the audience’s hearts with her faithfulness to Jack despite her incapability to produce milk. Furthermore, the actors and actresses’ musical abilities were exceptional. Herring-Sampong, Kennedy and Edgar stood out the most with their unforgettable voices. Herring-Sampong sang with an operatic voice, thick with passionate vibrato. Kennedy’s light, legato voice sounded just as what one would imagine as a fairytale princess when she sang from the balcony as Rapunzel locked in the stairless tower. Edgar’s portrayal of the witch was executed as genuinely as one could imagine, especially with her impeccable performance of the quick and complex “Witch’s Entrance.” In addition to the talented cast, one cannot disregard the chamber orchestra. Directed by Sebastian Black ’19, the seven-member orchestra was critical to the dramatic or comedic moments of the musical. Julia Choi ’20 provided a guiding accompaniment on the piano, unifying parts of the production while performances by Scott Daniel ’17 and Delaney Smith ’18 on the violin and viola respectively contributed to the unsettling and cheerful melodies to the action on stage. Overall, the presence of the orchestra enhanced the actors and actresses’ performances. Into the Woods is a unique musical that adds many twists to what are usually thought of as lighthearted fairytales. The musical is a grown-up fairytale production that reminds us that the greatest stories are not about happy endings, but rather the journeys that lead up to them. As the witch reminds the other characters at the end of the musical, “Children will listen,” and so will adults. Into the Woods reminds us that in order to get whatever we wish for, we must always remain determined, recognizing the challenging journey leading to our acquisition.
PHOTO COURTESY OF THE THE CLARK INSTITUTE
In collaboration with the Clark Art Institute, Cap & Bells put on a stunning production of ‘Into the Woods’.
May 3, 2017
The Williams Record
Wadsworth explores intersection of literature, music By FERNANDA LAI STAFF WRITER Last week, I sat down for an interview with Zachary Wadsworth, assistant professor of music, to talk about the intersection between literature and music in his own compositional work, as well as his piece 'Battle-Flags,' which will be performed alongside Brahms’s Ein deutsches Requiem (A German Requiem) by the Williams Concert Choir this year. So tell me more about Battle-Flags. This piece was a commission last year by the Choral Arts Society of Washington, and was designed to be paired with the Brahms’s Requiem, with the idea that it would come as seamlessly as possible before the Brahms. This piece was also about trying to communicate to an American audience how central the German requiem is to German identity and musical identity. By picking this text of Walt Whitman, I wanted to frame it in a more American way – what kinds of wars have framed us as Americans, and how does that get us into the space to understand this more personally as a more universal statement about war, instead of as a German piece by a German composer from far away. I wanted Battle-Flags to enact a kind of time travel ... We start in a place of modernity or Americanness and move backward in time to the end of the piece, where we get these low quarter notes that are the same as the beginning
enjoy. It was a song cycle based on some e.e. cummings’s poems called Days of Innocence. I was drawn to how his poems looked on the page and his open exploration of innocence. He wasn’t looking to define anything, but to build a world around innocence, which is what we do in music. We’re just looking to build a setting for the words. That was the first time, the first love, in a way.
of the Brahms. That was the formal idea, which is why the piece doesn’t have sections that recur, like in a normal piece of music because I wanted this straight line into the past. I don’t think this piece should live on it’s own. It’s sort of barnacle-like, attached to the Brahms. I don’t think this piece would make sense without the Brahms next to it. How did you decide on this particular Whitman poem? Even the fact of the commission, that it was by a choir in Washington, D.C., who wanted a piece about American war history … it seemed to me that Walt Whitman was the right choice. He’s such a central and defining figure in the American literary voice, and he had such a sense of national identity, historical place and inspiration. What jumped out at me about this particular poem was the dream sequence. I was already writing about a piece that put an old piece in relation to a new piece, and somehow, a dream sequence allowed me to craft a multiplicity of experiences. The central message of this poem, I think, is that memorials are for the living, not for the dead. The dead are dead and gone, and we create these memorials more for ourselves, for the memory of the dead, sure, but the memory is living in us. I thought that spoke more purely to the experience of singing a requiem, that the experience is for us and not for the dead. The fact that the poem acknowledges that theme helped me frame my ideas about what a requiem even is.
Speaking of intimacy and the way in which feelings are structured, what’s your favorite tempo marking?
PHOTO COURTESY OF WILLIAMS COLLEGE
Zachary Wadsworth's music emphasizes mystery and communication. This reminds of how a teacher of mine, speaking of Tennyson’s In Memoriam, said elegies were perhaps the most intense kind of love poem there is. They are transformations of the same emotions. That loss is an expression of love, and it is such a nuanced thing to come to. Is that how text and music come together for you? Texts give [me] direction and inform where I’m going in music. It helps me understand the music that I’m writing in a more tangible and emotional way, instead of just notes. What I’m always looking for in a poem is a sense of structure. Music relies on interrelationships, themes returning or changing, so some poems
work for that better than others. I love when a repeated sliver of text that keeps coming back leaps out at me, because I know how to do that musically. At the end of the day, my understanding of texts is informed through their translation to music, so it’s not an egalitarian relationship in my mind. I tend to come to texts with an eye for use. I love to read, but in my academic work it’s almost always about the interaction between them – how texts work in music, how music changes texts. What’s the first piece that you remember writing that did that? The first vocal piece I wrote was a song cycle, just one singer and one piano, which is a genre I spend a lot of time with. There’s an intimacy to the genre that I
I think misterioso is my favorite, because it communicates a lot to performers about how music should sound if you just say – this should be mysterious, because you activate in the performers a real sense of drama and place. They then create a smoke-filled room. Emotionally that’s what I’m after, a sense of depth and nuance. I love when a love poem has a word that twists it slightly, that hints at pain or loss, or hints at some deeper feeling. I like living in a kind of liminal space between emotions. Often that’s where I feel I am emotionally; it’s never purely one thing but a kind of multicolored space. That twistiness you talk about reminds me of a Longfellow poem: “A feeling of sadness and longing, / That is not akin to pain, / And resembles sorrow only / As the mist resembles the rain.”
I love that nuance and the journey of that sentence is really compelling … As composers, we’re sort of the engineers and the architects at the same time of an emotional experience. We have the big ideas and have to do all the grunt work as well. So how do you want people to leave your music? I want audiences to come away feeling as though they’ve understood the piece, because one of the most frustrating experiences I have listening to new music is feeling like I didn’t understand anything of what I’ve just experienced. I don’t understand what the purpose of it was, what I was supposed to feel, what the sounds were supposed to mean in relation to one another … To me, if an audience leaves and says I understood what that piece meant, that is the highest compliment and the biggest success. Personally, I’m much more interested in communicating, and I don’t see the point in writing music otherwise. I find it so funny that your favorite word would be misterioso, but your emphasis is on communication. I know! But again, I think the fact is I love these emotions that are mysterious. This love that has a swirl of pain in it, or this anger that has a swirl of love in it. So in that sense, that mystery to me is truth. Fundamentally it’s about communicating depth clearly.
PHOTO COURTESY OF SARAH RITZMANN
Williams Musicians Alliance, led by Steven Yannacone, dazzled the audience on Paresky Lawn.
Williams Musicians Alliance takes Coffeehouse outdoors By SARAH RITZMANN STAFF WRITER Last Thursday, the Williams Musician’s Alliance (WMA) brought the intimate magic of a Coffeehouse outdoors, taking advantage of the spring weather to perform during dinnertime. A compact list of students from all class years, most of whom performed multiple covers and original songs, charmed a laid-back audience of students lounging on Paresky steps and Chapin Lawn. Max Sopher ’17 opened the show, covering a pair of indie rock staples: “This is the Last Time” by The National, and “Mount Wroclai” by Beirut. A talented multi-instrumentalist, Sopher took a minimalist approach to the covers, playing piano and singing to add a somber and brooding touch to the songs. Sopher was followed by Daniel Fisher ’18, whose acoustic covers regularly entrance Coffeehouse attendees. Fisher’s style is pure folk, characterized by playing each song in a deliberate, contemplative fashion. He opened with Dave Van Ronk’s version of Traditional’s “In the Pines,” which was followed by the Handsome Family’s “The Sad Milkman” and Bob Dylan’s acoustic song “I Was Young When I Left Home” Fisher’s solemn choice of style and resonant voice were perfectly suited for the outdoor venue, echoing grandly off of the mountains. Ian Shen ’19, another Coffeehouse veteran, performed a pair of covers, including “Shankhill Butchers” by the Decembrists. Self-described by Shen as “spooky,” the bassist was true to his word, with a voice even deeper than his instrument as
he sang of a band of murderous butchers who strike fear in the hearts of misbehaving children. He then played “Undergrowth” by Caligula’s Horse and “I Think I’ll Disappear Now” by the Crash Test Dummies. May Congdon ’17 and Lucy Alexander ’20 performed next, brightening the mood of the evening with a cheery cover Vance Joy’s “Riptide.” The pair’s clear, soprano voices each held their own on their respective verses, while combining over the choruses to create beautiful, lilting harmonies. And, of course, Alexander’s ukulele was the perfect accompaniment to the feel-good song. Up next was Dzung Pham ’20, a classical guitarist whose talent has been impressing at Coffeehouses all year. Though Pham was quite soft-spoken at the mic, the passion of his music spoke for itself. Pham handled the complex rhythms and dynamic changes in Paco Peña‘s flamenco piece “En las Cuevas” with aplomb, switching between strumming and picking as if it were as easy as taking a breath. The good-natured pair of Taran Dugal ’20 and Noah Nsangou ’20 performed next, each singing and complementing each other by playing electric and acoustic guitar, respectively. They opened with “FourFiveSeconds,” originally performed by Rihanna, Kanye West and Paul McCartney. “FourFiveSeconds” was followed by a smooth cover of “Redbone” by Childish Gambino. Steven Yannacone ’17 came later. At 15 minutes, Yannacone’s set was the longest of the evening. He performed several pieces from his haunting con-
cept album Journey Through Darkness (working title), which he composed and wrote himself, beginning last summer. Similar to the Decemberists’ 2009 narrative album Hazards of Love in scope, Journey Through Darkness details the fantastical journey of an old man navigating the trials of betrayal and heartbreak while journeying through a shadowy underworld. The influences of grandiose alt-rock bands like Radiohead and Muse were evident in both the arrangement of the pieces and the dramatic, sustained crescendos of the vocal parts that kept the audience riveted. Yannacone sang the part of the protagonist while playing piano and was joined briefly by Brad Clark ’18, who played a supporting role. Ben Morton ’19 closed off the show on a bright note, playing the ukulele and singing along to “Follow Me” by Uncle Cracker. Morton’s infectious cheer and comfort onstage provided a feel-good conclusion to WMA’s spring season. Yannacone, who has led WMA since the spring of his freshman year, was satisfied with what will likely be the last Coffeehouse he ever performs in as well as the development of the group throughout his tenure. “We were missing a few of our stars tonight in the band Purple Haze, as well as Mackenzie [Snyder ’18] and Chris [McLaughlin ’18],” he commented. “But we nonetheless had a stellar lineup playing songs from pop to folk to flamenco. Although the old [audio system] can only get so loud, the passion of the singers doubles the sound in our ears and in our hearts.”
Williams Dance Department
Drill Sergeants Sam Steakley Mallory Chen
Chinese Music Ensemble
May 3 - 12:15 PM
May 3 - 7 PM
MAY 5 & 6 8 PM
Brooks-Rogers Recital Hall
Williams Theatre Department August: Osage County Written by Tracy Letts Directed by Omar Sangare
Williams Concert Choir & Williams Chamber Choir May 5 - 8 PM Chapin Hall Free
Public/Publish A Conversation Series on Radical & Alternative Publishing May 5 - 7 pm WCMA Reading Room Free Student Choice Tour May 6 - 11 AM Free Senior Studio Exhibition Opening May 12 - 7 PM Free
Apr 27 - 29 MAY 4 - 6 7:30 PM ADAMS MEMORIAL THEATRE $3
The Williams Record
May 3, 2017
Dan Greenberg ’08 thrives as men’s tennis head coach Men’s lacrosse falls in By JOELLE TROIANO STAFF WRITER When he first visited the College, Dan Greenberg ’08 was not so sure about the small, secluded school. He was concerned it would feel like “a very preppy New England boarding school” and thought it would be “too stuffy academically.” By the end of his campus visit, however, he was sold. So fully sold, in fact, that now, 13 years later, he remains a part of Williams as head coach of men’s tennis. As a student and an athlete, Greenberg was almost too impressive. He was the 2005 NESCAC Rookie of the Year, a threetime All-American, the 2008 NESCAC Player of the Year and the 2008 ITA Northeast Player of the Year.
He studied English literature and creative writing at the College and was so accomplished in these areas of study that he was asked to read an original piece of creative writing at Commencement. His junior year, he served as a Junior Advisor (JA) for members of the class of 2011. When Greenberg first visited the College, he recognized that students “truly cared about what they [were] doing all the time.” Evidently, he became one of those passionate students. Greenberg’s undergraduate experiences helped him develop into a coach who would lead the Ephs to success in tennis that they had not seen since 2002. However, the English major did not always intend to pursue a career in coaching. In fact, he was initially a pre-med student.
“My brother told me I was too selfish to be a doctor, so I dropped out of pre-med ASAP,” he said. Greenberg changed the focus of his studies and concluded that what he most wanted was to avoid a desk job. When the head coach position became available, “it hit me that coaching at Williams would be the perfect job for me, combining my love of tennis with my love of the liberal arts,” Greenberg said. In addition to all of the practical wisdom he gained during an interim year he spent as an assistant coach at the University of North Carolina, he took lessons from his college experiences and applied them to coaching. “Studying English taught me to appreciate character and cre-
JUNE HAN/PHOTO EDITOR
Dan Greenberg ’08 led men’s tennis to an NCAA Championship and won Div. III Coach of the Year in 2013.
ativity,” he said, “both of which go a long way on a tennis court and in life.” From his time as a JA, he learned the importance of being the best version of oneself in a leadership position. “Because you have presence and people are looking up to you, and because it’s just as easy to hurt as it is to help, you have to strive for that integrity every day,” he said. The premium placed on integrity has been key in Greenberg’s life for a long time. In addition to his other athletic honors, he was named to the 2008 NESCAC All-Sportsmanship Team, a title recognizing student-athletes “who have demonstrated outstanding dedication to sportsmanship,” according to the NESCAC website. Rohan Shastri ’17, whom Greenberg has coached for many years, reaffirmed Greenberg’s commitment to integrity. “He has always focused on consistency, ownership and attitude, being brilliant at the basics,” Shastri said. “He stresses to his players that the four years at Williams are a process – both on and off the court. He really emphasizes that you need to grow as an individual while you’re spending your time here.” As important as these lessons are, one of the greatest aspects of being on a team is the fun that coaches and players share. Greenberg recalled a particularly entertaining moment from the spring of 2013, when the seniors adopted a dog and brought it to his house on Halloween. “After notifying them that they were graduating in six months, they notified me I’d be adopting her,” Greenberg said. “We named her Halloween – Halle for short – and she’s been my best, most frustrating friend ever since.” Memories like these show that Greenberg values fun in addition to skill and integrity. “Dan is not just a great coach – he's one of the most genuine people I've met,” Shastri said. “It is amazing how much his coaching and his persona have benefitted my athletic and academic experiences at Williams.”
NESCAC tournament By WILL GENTILELLO CONTRIBUTING WRITER
Men’s lacrosse (7–9, 4–6 in the NESCAC) closed its season last week with losses to Middlebury and Wesleyan. The Ephs qualified for the NESCAC tournament as the No. 7 seed and faced the No. 2 Wesleyan Cardinals in the first round. The teams had previously met April 8, when Wesleyan won 11-8. The rematch took place in Middletown, Conn., and the Cardinals survived an early scare from the Ephs to advance to the semifinal round. The men won the first faceoff of the game and took control when tri-captain Michael Fahey ’17 scored, assisted by Duncan Cummings ’17. Wesleyan answered with a goal, but the men gained a second wind and went on a 5-0 run with scores from Fahey, tri-captain Thomas Fowler ’17, Max Stukalin ’20 and Kevin Stump ’20. The score at the end of the first was 6-1 Ephs. In the second, the Cardinals scored five unanswered goals to tie the game at six. Wesleyan came out strong in the third, netting two goals to take the lead. Stukalin responded with a goal, but Wesleyan scored back-to-back goals to end the quarter up by three. In the fourth quarter, the Cardinals extended their lead to 147. Fowler’s third goal, assisted by Chris McLaughlin ’18, gave the Ephs life, but they struggled to penetrate the Cardinal defense in the final minutes. The game finished 15-8 Wesleyan. Fowler led the way with three goals and an assist, while Fahey and Stukalin each scored twice. Goaltender George Peele ’20 made 10 saves. The Ephs hosted the Middlebury Panthers on Wednesday in the final game of the regular season. On Farley-Lamb Field, the men fell 19-10. The Ephs won the first faceoff, and Fahey scored the game’s first goal. The Panthers scored twice, but a goal from Stump knotted the score at 2-2. Jack Lee ’18 then scored to give the Ephs the lead at the end of the first quarter.
The men hit the ground running once again in the second quarter, as John Hinks ’20 scored with an assist from Fowler. Fahey hit the top corner, and Fowler ripped a hard shot into the twine. With two seconds left in the half, Middlebury forward A.J. Kucinski hit a behind-theback shot from 15 yards out to cut the lead to 6-5 Ephs. After the break, the Panthers won the first faceoff, and Kucinski scored on a fast break to tie the game. Middlebury then strung together a run of nine unanswered goals, taking a 13-6 lead. Fowler stopped the run with a score, but Middlebury scored four more to make it 17-7. The Ephs rebounded with back-to-back tallies from Fahey and Ben Fox ’18, but the lead had become insurmountable. The final score was 19-10 Panthers. Fahey scored three for Williams with three assists, and Fowler had two goals and an assist. Tri-captain Riley Hoffman ’17 picked up seven ground balls and caused a turnover. Peele recorded 15 saves. With the loss to Wesleyan, the men were knocked out of the NESCAC tournament, effectively ending their season. Fahey’s 47 goals are tied for fourth in the NESCAC, and his 27 assists are tied for eighth. His 54 points in conference play were the most of any NESCAC player. Stump scored 37 goals, tying for ninth in the NESCAC. Angus O’Rourke ’19 recorded 80 ground balls, fifth in the conference, and Rock Stewart ’20 was 11th in caused turnovers. Head Coach George McCormack voiced his appreciation for graduating seniors Fahey, Fowler, Hoffman, Cummings and Devlin Nelligan ’17. “Our seniors set the tone in the offseason with their strong commitment to preparing for success,” McCormack said. “Throughout the regular season, they maintained a positive attitude despite the ups and downs that we faced. We will sorely miss our seniors but remain optimistic that the returning players will pick up where they left off.”
CAPTAINS’ CORNER: SOPHIE KITCHEN ’17 When and why did you start playing golf?
PHOTO COURTESY OF SPORTS INFORMATION
By BROOKE HOROWITCH SPORTS EDITOR
Team: Women’s golf
Hometown: Collingwood, Ontario, Canada Residence: Perry House
Snack bar order: Nachos with mozzarella, pesto and sausage
I started playing golf when I was 12 years old because my dad forgot to sign me up for summer programs. They were all full, and I was really bored, so I was doing nothing and followed my parents to the golf course. They had just joined, so I didn’t really know anyone, but I started hitting balls, and it was really fun. I met some boys and tried to beat them. Then I did, and that got me hooked. My mom was really scared about putting me in tournaments because she thought I would get discouraged. I didn’t play in my first tournament until I was 15. She was super worried that I would get last, but I ended up getting second. I figured I was decent at it, so I continued to play. Then I was on the provincial team for three years, from ages 16 to 18. What was it like to play for the Ontario team? It made me get a lot better. It was a government pilot program, and they were preparing for the Rio Olympics. We had unbelievable funding from the Canadian government – we had a mental coach and a physical trainer. There was a fee, but it wasn’t substantial, considering that we got two trips. The first year I went to Myrtle Beach, S.C., with the lower team. The next year, I joined the upper team and went to Arizona, which was great for developing as a player. Did anyone influence you in particular during those years? My head coach on the Ontario team when I joined the U19 team my second year
was unbelievable. He was a philosophy major in college and just started playing golf. He was a very purposeful person, and golf changed my entire personality. I used to be kind of aggressive and a lot more emotional, and I remember he watched me play, and I cried. It was common for junior players to cry because it’s a pretty emotional sport. He was just so calm and taught me how to manage my emotions better. It took a while to impact the rest of my life, but I think I did eventually get there. Why did you decide to attend the College? I transferred to Williams halfway through my sophomore year. I was at the University of Minnesota and playing Div. I golf there. There were a few issues with Minnesota, but mostly the academics were really conflicting with my athletics, and my coaches wanted me to make a choice between them. I decided to commit myself more to academics. My sister was going to Middlebury, and she suggested that I apply to the NESCAC schools for better balance. And I got into Williams! What are your favorite things about the team? When it’s a special day for someone, like when it’s someone’s birthday, everyone remembers and will be there for you. At the same time, if you do something wrong – if you show up late for practice or get really overwhelmed with school – there’s this level of respect on the team, and we’re very understanding of each other. We’ve seen each other at our best and worst, and we’re very supportive. That’s
what I didn’t have at my last school. It’s very unique to the team now. What is it like to play for Coach Adalsteinsson? He reminds me a lot of my favorite coach from when I was in high school. He is extremely calm and very thoughtful. He has a master’s degree in sports psychology and is very knowledgeable, but he is also just a very nice person to talk to. I can be honest with him. Even if I’m on the course and playing terribly, I can tell him, and he keeps my emotions in check and responds in a productive way. How has your game developed over four years at college? I don’t know how consistent I’ve been. It’s really hard because I’ve had three different coaches in college, so my game has gone on a rollercoaster. Mentally, I have definitely matured a lot. I play golf now because I really love it. I think that’s something I struggled with in the middle years of college. In golf, one bad hole can spoil your entire performance. How do you manage that pressure? I think I’ve just been playing golf for so long that there have been so many holes and so many bad holes, so nothing seems that new. I’ve been in a lot of really bad places in golf – I’ve lost balls, and I’ve hit into water, into trees or behind trees. Every round is different, but there are definitely patterns that you see. I always try to stay calm and go one hole at a time. I am well known on the team for having a very short memory, so I completely forget about
things quickly and just go on to the next hole or shot.
affirmation that I’m doing good things.
How has your experience been as a captain?
What is your favorite course to play on?
I really like being captain. It’s fun to make the rules. I think that the team seems to respond well to our level of leadership. [Co-captain] Tracy [Kim ’17] and I are a bit different, so we meet a lot of everyone’s needs. We don’t set a lot of hard rules – we just trust everyone on the team, so there’s a lot of accountability that everyone seems to appreciate, and I think we’ve had a lot of success.
My favorite course is the Honors Course in Ooltewah, Tenn. My uncle is a member there. I’ve played it only once, but the day we went was the day before it opened. Nobody was on the course, but we drove from Atlanta – I think he may have done it on purpose. They let us out a day early, and there were no divots in the entire course. It was so perfect. The grass gave your ball a perfect lie every time. We each had a caddy, and playing with a caddy is the most amazing way to play golf because you don’t have to do anything but play. You don’t have to carry your bag or rake bunkers, so it was magical. It was 100 percent the best day of my life. The course was so beautiful and secluded in the middle of nowhere.
Golf seems like a very individual sport. How do you maintain team spirit? When we’re on the course, we’re very individual – you don’t see your teammates that much. Before we get out there and after rounds, we have certain routines and traditions. Before every tournament, we do “cows,” our team huddle that is special to us. When we’re on the course, if you make a birdie, you signal to the person ahead or behind you by flapping your arms, which is funny and raises team spirit. After the round, we always do “shots” – not of alcohol! We tell our best shot of the day, which brings your teammates back into the round with you. Even if you have a bad day, you always have one good shot. Last year, you earned AllAmerican Scholar Honors from the Women’s Golf Coaches Association. What do such accolades mean to you? I think it’s nice to get awards. I don’t think about them much in season, but it’s an
What are your plans for next year? I am going to get a master’s degree in epidemiology and public health at the University of British Columbia. Which professional golfer do you most admire and why? Brooke Henderson. She is from Ontario, and I actually used to play with her sometimes. She would always beat me. She was ranked No. 2 in the world. I think her ranking is around No. 7 now, and she’s only 19. She’s unbelievably good and from close to where I’m from. I always saw her at tournaments and told my coaches that I wanted to play like her. I never did, but I am still trying. She is just really sweet and loves golf.
May 3, 2017
The Williams Record
Dan Calichman ’90 finds success in Major League Soccer of my success to him befriending this fine gentleman, Bill Foulkes, who took a chance on an American kid.” That last-minute trip to Japan for tryouts came right before spring break Calichman’s senior year, so he was excited to have secured “a really good job that I’d always wanted.” Calichman became the first American to play in Japan’s J-League, where he stayed for four years. When he returned to the U.S. in 1994, American professional soccer was undergoing a major transition. The MLS was planned to begin in 1995, but the project was delayed a year. “I took classes at Harvard because I wasn’t sure MLS was going to happen,” Calichman said. “I was fortunate enough when MLS started to be sent out to Los Angeles to the LA Galaxy.” Calichman, a central defender, played several seasons for the Galaxy before a broken leg derailed his run with the club. From there he bounced between clubs, from the New England Revolution to the San Jose Earthquakes. After enjoying a year with the United Soccer League’s Charleston Battery, Calichman retired from soccer. He and his wife decided to move back to her hometown of Pasadena, Calif., where he had lived while playing for the Gal-
By MARIT BJÖRNLUND EXECUTIVE EDITOR
Not many people go straight from Div. III to a successful career in professional soccer. Dan Calichman ’90 is an exception. Calichman, now an assistant coach for Toronto FC in Major League Soccer (MLS), played professional soccer for 12 years. He played in Japan right after graduation and joined the MLS at its inception. An inaugural member and captain of the Los Angeles Galaxy, Calichman spent five years in the MLS, during which he was capped twice for the U.S. National Team in 1997-1998. After coaching men’s soccer at Claremont-Mudd-Scripps for 13 seasons, Calichman made the leap to coaching professional soccer when he accepted his current post in 2014. He credits a combination of luck, hard work and his brother’s fortuitous connections for helping him enter pro soccer in 1990. “My brother was in Japan teaching English,” Calichman said, “and he befriended this man [who] turns out to be the coach of Mazda Football Club. Strictly based on their friendship, this coach flew me out to Japan for a tryout and everything went from there. So my brother likes to remind me, I owe most
axy. He was soon hired in 2002 as head coach at ClaremontMudd-Scripps, and he had his three children during the 12 years he worked there. While he enjoyed college coaching, he missed the professional game. “I missed a lot of things,” he recalled. “I had a successful career in LA and I thought for sure that I would end up working for the Galaxy, but life is funny that way – it just didn’t happen.” The opportunity came in 2014 when Greg Vanney, a friend and former Galaxy teammate of Calichman’s, became head coach of Toronto FC. Vanney called Calichman asking if he was interested in a job as an assistant, and Calichman took the job after consulting his wife. “I’ve been in Toronto ever since,” he said. “Toronto FC as an organization couldn’t be any better,” he added. “And with just how far the league has come, I wake up every morning very excited to go to work. I feel very lucky to have done so for most of my life.” A history major, Calichman captained men’s soccer and men’s lacrosse at the College. His teammates, coaches and classmates helped him develop the mentality necessary for a successful career in sports. “You have to be really strong of character,” he said. “It’s something that I would credit
to Williams, to [then-Head Coach] Mike Russo, to the players that I played with as just being phenomenal people and holding that level of character as important. “I think about Williams all the time. I’ve got such strong ties. You just knew that these people were not only wonderful people, but they were going to be so successful in whatever they did … It was a magical four years.” Throughout his soccer career, Calichman’s love for the game has been a constant. “What I love about it is the flow of the game. When the whistle blows there are no timeouts. There’s 45 minutes of work, and after halftime you’re back out there for 45 minutes. The coach can’t call timeout, tell you what play to run or what you need to do, so it’s up to the players to solve the problems. “What I love about sports is that feeling of competition. There’s a winner and a loser. I really strive to be more on the winning side than the losing side, but I love to compete.” Calichman was fortunate to make his passion into a career. “Sometimes the stars align,” he said. “Sometimes doors open, and sometimes through a little bit of luck and hard work you kind of make things happen. It’s been a nice ride.”
PHOTO COURTESY OF TORONTO FC
Dan Calichman ’90 played five seasons in the MLS as a defender.
Ephs’ season ends with loss to Panthers Softball defeats Middlebury, Wesleyan to secure NESCAC West crown By JOELLE TROIANO STAFF WRITER
The Panthers scored with 26:42 left. Williams then won control of the draw, and Chodos scored on a free position attempt shortly thereafter. Middlebury then had another series of five unanswered goals, with five different players scoring in a row. Trailing by 14, the Ephs scored twice more before the game ended. After Gallop was yellow carded with 12:14 left, the team managed to get a goal in while playing with a man down. Chodos scored unassisted. The Ephs scored again with 7:48 leftwhen Emma Tenbarge ’19 got control of a rebound and put the ball in the net. A late goal put the Panthers up 18-5, lead they would hold until the game’s close. Jenna McNicholas and Mary O’Connell each scored four goals for Middlebury. Chodos led the Ephs in goals, having scored three out of the team’s five points in her final contest. In goal, Panther keepers posted six saves out of 11 shots. Kate
Women’s lacrosse (4–10, 1–9 in the NESCAC) took the field Wednesday against Middlebury in the last game of the regular season. In Head Coach Chris Mason’s final game, the Ephs fell 18-5. The Panthers started off strong with six straight goals. The run was interrupted when Ang Vecchiarelli ’20 and co-captain Jenna Chodos ’17 for Williams to cut the lead to 6-2. However, this short burst of offense marked the end of the Ephs’ first-half scoring. The Panthers scored five more points before halftime, and the score at the break was 11-2 Middlebury. The Ephs started the second half with excellent offense. Although Middlebury won the draw, the women had a hold of the ball within the first minute and attempted to take advantage. After a shot on goal at 29:35, the Ephs kept control, but Middlebury eventually cleared the ball.
Furber saved five out of eight while she was in goal, and Alex Freedman saved one out of three. On the Ephs side, the two goalkeepers posted a combined seven saves out of the 25 shots on goal. Margaret Draper ’17 made six of these saves out of the 22 shots on goal while she was playing. Ana Alvarenga ’19 saved one out of three. “The season flew by, and despite our win-loss record, I am so grateful to have the opportunity to play the sport alongside such awesome friends and teammates,” Co-captain Brett Bidstrup ’17 said. “I am also lucky to have had Chris Mason as my head coach at Williams. I will miss seeing Chris’ energy and positivity every day at practice, but the comfort in knowing how much she cares for her players will hold true for a long time for me and many other women’s lacrosse alumni.” The women graduate Chodos, Bidstrup, Draper and Katie Gallop ’17.
PHOTO COURTESY OF SPORTS INFORMATION
Margaret Draper ’17 made six saves out of 22 shots on goal in the 18-5 loss to Middlebury last Wednesday.
The Office of Communications recommends ...
Reading by Viet Thanh Nguyen: The Sympathizer The Office of Communications recommends ...
Bill McKibben "Outside the Comfort Zone: Working for Change on an Overheated Planet" Entrance limited to those with Williams ID. Talk also will be live-streamed in Paresky Auditorium and Wege Auditorium
Thursday, April 20 8 p.m.
Nguyen's novel The Sympathizer is a New York Times bestseller and won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
Tuesday, May 2 7p.m. Griffin Hall, room 3
By SPORTS INFORMATION Softball (28–10, 11–1 in the NESCAC West) won three games at Middlebury and one at Welseyan to win the NESCAC West title for the fourth straight year. The Ephs move on to the NESCAC Championship, which they won last year. The women completed their regular season with a 5-3 win over the Wesleyan Cardinals on Sunday in Middletown, Conn. The women never trailed, taking a 3-0 lead in the first on a Rebecca Duncan ’20 RBI single and a two-run knock from Brenna Martinez ’17. Wesleyan came to tie the game at three in the fourth and fifth innings, but Williams regained the lead in the sixth. Kristina Alvarado ’19 lined an RBI single to center, scoring Casey Pelz ’19. The Ephs added an insurance run in the seventh when Riley Salvo ’20 brought home Lexi Curt ’18. Curt was 3-for-4 with two doubles and two runs scored. Duncan earned the victory, pitching five innings and allowing four hits and two earned runs. She did not walk a batter and struck out seven. Mackenzie Murphy ’19 recorded the save with two hitless and scoreless innings. Previously, the Ephs swept a three-game series at Middlebury. In Friday’s opener, one run was all the support Duncan needed. Jessica Kim ’19 reached on an error, stole second and scored when Murphy doubled. Duncan (11-4) scattered four hits with seven strikeouts and no walks as she went the full seven innings for the win.
The teams returned to the field Saturday for a doubleheader. In the first game, the women grabbed a 2-0 lead in the top of the first inning when Margo Beck ’18 singled up the middle, scoring Kim and Murphy. The Panthers cut the advantage in half in the bottom of the frame, but the Ephs tacked on a run in the third and two more in the fourth, highlighted by a Curt triple. Neither team scored over the final three innings, and the game finished 5-1 Williams. Murphy picked up the win, giving up just one run on five hits with three strikeouts over five innings. Emma Corbett ’20 tossed two scoreless innings in relief. Curt was 2-for-4 in the game with two runs, a double, a triple and an RBI. Her sixth-inning double to right-center was the 33rd of her career, breaking a school record. Curt, who set the Ephs’ record for career home runs earlier this season, snapped a tie with Laura Brenneman ’99. In the nightcap, Middlebury jumped out to an early 1-0 advantage in the bottom of the second. The Ephs took the lead for good in third on Murphy’s seventh home run of the season, a three-run shot to left-center. Down 3-1 in the sixth, the Panthers threatened when they loaded the bases with no outs. Pitching in relief, Duncan worked out of the jam without allowing a run, notching a pair of strikeouts and a groundout. Brooke Bovier ’17 (3-0) picked up the win, giving up just one unearned run on eight hits while striking out three over five frames. Duncan recorded the
final six outs, including four on strikeouts, for her second save of the spring. Duncan won NESCAC Pitcher of the Week honors, and Murphy was a co-Player of the Week. “One of the highlights of this weekend was our pitching,” cocaptain Dana Cohen ’17 said. “They were all tough to hit and battled through some difficult situations to keep us in every game. We’ve been working hard since the fall to make sure we’d get to this point despite being a relatively young team. We’re getting better every day, and that’s exactly where we want to be heading into postseason.” With the regular season finished, the women move on to the NESCAC Championship. Amherst was the other invitee from the NESCAC West, and Bowdoin and Trinity qualified from the East. “We’re very prepared for NESCACs,” Head Coach Kris Herman said. “We’re excited to see how our hard work will pay off. There will be great competition, and that’s always fun.” The Ephs will look to defend their title from last season, and they will be helped by a healthy combination of power and speed. Williams leads the league in home runs (36) and runs scored (201), and it ranks second in slugging percentage (.496) and stolen bases (42). Bowdoin hosts the three-day tournament, which begins with a pair of games on Friday and continues through Sunday. The Ephs open their postseason against the Trinity Bantams at 5 p.m. on Friday.
ATHLETES OF THE WEEK “Jack has done a tremendous job leading our team. No one loves baseball and hitting as much as he does. He has worked really hard at his craft, and when we needed someone to step up this weekend, he delivered. Jack has been a vital part of our lineup for four years, and we will miss him.” – Head Coach Bill Barrale
“Emma did an outstanding job in the 5k. She separated herself from the pack after the first mile and led the rest of the way, kicking in the final lap to shake off a tough challenger. I’m pleased with the great effort and smart pacing she displayed to earn the win.” – Assistant Coach Nick Lehman
JACK CLOUD ’17
EMMA ZEHNER ’17
WOMEN’S TRACK AND FIELD
NEW HAVEN, CONN.
Cloud, a tri-captain and outfielder, went 9-for-18 over four games with three runs scored, two doubles and three RBIs. He has produced 29 runs and 39 hits from the leadoff spot, both seventh in the NESCAC, and leads the Ephs in batting average (.364), home runs (2) and steals (9).
Zehner ran a season-best time of 17:25.70 to win the 5k at Saturday’s NESCAC Championship. Her performance propelled women’s track and field to its fourth straight conference championship, and their total score of 239.83 was the highest-ever total by a Williams team.
The Williams Record
May 3, 2017
Women’s track wins fourth consecutive NESCAC Championship By CAITLIN UBL TEAM CORRESPONDENT The sun was out on Saturday at Bowdoin as women’s track and field defended its NESCAC championship, prevailing over its conference rivals for the fourth year in a row. The Ephs scored 239.83 points, the second-highest total ever scored by a Williams team at a track meet, and won by over 100 points. Bates placed second with 107, and Middlebury took third with 97.66. Emma Herrmann ’20 started the day off for the Ephs with a strategic 10k, sprinting to the finish for third place and a time of 36:47.51. Hers was the first of a string of impressive distance performances that propelled the women into the lead. Emma Zehner ’17 won the 5k with an season-best 17:25.70, followed by Anna Harleen ’18 in fourth with a time of 17:41.52. In the 3000m steeplechase, Elowyn Pfeiffer ’18 looked smooth over the water barriers and finished in 11:16.91 for second place. Hannah Cole ’17 was close behind in 11:28.76 for fourth. Harleen came back to race in and win the 1500m, leading from the gun and employing her trademark kick to cross the line in 4:31.09. Harleen’s victory gave was her third consecutive NESCAC title in the event. With a strong last 600 meters,
Carmen Bango ’20 moved up to fourth, finishing in 4:38.64. Showing their mid-distance depth, the Ephs went two-threefive in the 800m. Anna Passannante ’20 led the charge, running 2:12.95 for second. Yvonne Bungei ’17 continued her stellar comeback season with a blazing fast 2:13.84 for third, and cocaptain Laney Teaford ’17 followed in 2:15.03 for fifth. The Ephs’ hurdle squad was in full force as well, putting four athletes in the top eight in the 400m hurdles. Kayley McGonagle ’18 and co-captain Alyza Ngbokoli ’17 went one-two, running 1:03.05 and 1:03.97, respectively. Sierra Loomis ’20 and Leah Rosenfeld ’20 earned seventh and eighth, sprinting to the finish in respective times of 1:06.93 and 1:07.14. Ngbokoli doubled back to run the 100m hurdles finals, leaning across the line in 15.24 seconds for fifth. At least two Williams runners scored in each sprinting event. In the 100m, Kennedy Green ’19 flew across the line to win in 12.23. Ally Isley ’20 sped off the blocks and secured a huge season best, completing the event in 12.64 for fourth. Megan Powell ’20, Green and Denver Williams ’19 were well-matched in the 200 meter dash. Powell ran 25.49 for fourth, followed closely by Green in 25.52 and Williams in 25.66. In the 400m, Powell sped down the straightaway to cross the line in 56.64
for first place. Williams continued her excellent sprinting season with a time of 58.09 and a third-place finish. Isley, Green, Williams and Powell all brought their speed to the 4x100 relay and earned a third-place finish for the Ephs, covering the onelap distance in 48.73. Meanwhile in the field, cocaptain Candice Dyce ’17 successfully completed the long jump and the triple jump. She won long jump by a margin of 1 centimeter with a leap of 5.48 meters and flew 11.82 meters in the triple jump soon after. Emma Egan ’20 went 5.09 meters in the long jump to claim sixth place. Kene Odenigbo ’19 later leaped 10.84 meters for fifth in the triple jump. Both Odenigbo and Egan also turned in impressive marks on the high jump apron. Helene Hall ’18 won the event, soaring over 1.73 meters for first place and cementing her spot on top of the national leaderboard. Egan and Summer-Solstice Thomas ’20 both jumped 1.68 meters to tie for second. Odenigbo cleared 1.53 meters for eighth. The personal bests continued with Katie Loftus ’19 in the pole vault. The sophomore won the event and continued to clear bars, finally flying over 3.55 meters for an enormous personal best. Stephanie Boulger ’18 also had an excellent day, clearing a season best of 3.10 meters for sixth place.
PHOTO COURTESY OF SPORTS INFORMATION
Women’s track and field scored 239.83 points at Saturday’s NESCAC Championship, hosted by Bowdoin. The throwers continued to impress, as their steady improvements throughout the year culminated in five scoring performances. Alejandra Moran ’17 flung the discus 38.48 meters for fourth place and was followed by Lauren Crist ’20. Crist threw a lifetime best of 37.65 meters for sixth. Moran also showed technical skills in the hammer throw, hitting a mark of 42.28 meters for fifth place. Loftus threw 37.54 meters for sixth. As the meet began to wind down, athletes who had fin-
ished competing lined the track to watch the Ephs put an exclamation point on their victory with two back-to-back wins in the final events: the 4x400 and 4x800 relays. Loomis, Teaford, Powell and Williams won the 4x400 meter in 3:54.20, led by a strong finish from Powell on the anchor leg. Stella Worters ’19, along with Rosenfeld, Bungei and Passannante, ran a time of 9:21.85 in the 4x800 relay. “NESCACs was a strong meet for us,” Head Coach
Nate Hoey said. “The team competed with pride for each other, and it was great to see everything and everyone come together.” The Ephs, ranked No. 2 nationally, will compete at home next weekend for the Div. III New England Championship. The action will begin with the heptathlon, 100m and 100m hurdles trials and finals in hammer, long jump and 10k on Friday and will continue into Saturday with the rest of the events.
Men’s golf dominates at NESCACs By JAKE FOEHL TEAM CORRESPONDENT Last weekend, men’s golf pulled away from three competitors during the final round of the NESCAC Championship, putting together a team score of 586 (294-292) to take the conference title. The Ephs successfully defended their home course, par-71 Taconic Golf Club, after earning the right to play there in the NESCAC Fall Qualifier. The top four teams, Williams, Trinity College, Middlebury College, and Amherst College, all finished within two shots of each other in the fall, with Williams beating Trinity on a fifth man tiebreaker. Six months later, the Ephs finished what they started, winning by 16 shots over Middlebury (299-303-602) and Trinity (301-301-602) and 32 shots over Amherst (309-319-628). The Panthers walked away with a runner-up finish by way of a second tiebreaker, the fifth man score on the first day. On Saturday, tri-captain Ross Hoffman ’17 kicked off the tournament by sending his drive down the fairway on the first hole. The wind and a tougher course set up presented a harder test of golf than the field faced last weekend, and scores were slightly higher as a result. The four teams still played impressively, as all were below or around 300. Williams led the way with a team score of 294, Middlebury followed with 299, Trinity came next at 301 and Amherst found themselves with work to do after posting 309 on Day One. Tri-captain Jacob Watt-Morse ’17 and Will Kannegieser ’20 powered their team into first, each firing rounds of 72 that tied them for the lead heading into Sunday. Middlebury’s Philippe Morin contributed a 73 to his team's Day One tally that placed him in solo third. Following Morin was a trio of 74s from Middlebury freshman Jeffrey Giguere,
Trinity’s Nate Choukas and tricaptain Grant Raffel ’17.5. Raffel may have worked the hardest for his 74, making two double bogeys along the way and a few miraculous par saves. On the par-4 fourth hole, he took off his shoes in order to hit his approach shot from a hazard. His shot hit the green, and two putts later he was safely in for par. This came a hole after he found himself into the same hazard after yanking his approach shot. From there, he hacked the ball on to the green and drained the putt to save his par. Later in his round, three holes after surrendering two shots on the par-4 12th hole, Raffel drained a bomb for birdie on the 15th. Sam Goldenring ’20, the gold medalist from last weekend’s NESCAC Spring Opener, rounded out the scoring for the Ephs with a hard-earned 76. Goldenring has made a reputation for himself as one of the best ball strikers in the NESCAC, but he could not convince the ball to go in the hole once he got to the green. The highlight of the day came from Watt-Morse. After hurriedly walking to the 15th tee following a three-putt bogey on 14, Watt-Morse proceeded to sling his tee shot left of the fairway where he was blocked out by trees. He then pulled of a high cut over the trees and onto the green, walking away with par. On Sunday, conditions were less than ideal as players had to compete with cold and rain for much of Day Two. The wind stayed quiet, however, making club selection easier and allowed players to commit to their shots. The top four individuals on the weekend were all Ephs, with the top 10 rounded out by a collection of Middlebury and Trinity players. Kannegieser took home medalist honors after sharing the overnight lead with WattMorse. Kannegieser fired a smooth 73 on Sunday, making 10 consecutive pars on holes
nine through 18 for a two-day total of 145. Goldenring had the lowest round of the weekend on Sunday, a one-under par 70 to finish at 146. His under par round was in jeopardy on the 18th hole. After hitting his tee shot into a fairway bunker and hacking it out, he short-sided himself by hitting his approach right of the green to a tucked right pin. But he pulled off an incredible save, hitting a flop shot that clipped a couple tree branches before landing softly on the green and rolling to tap in length for par. Watt-Morse came next at 147 after battling for a 75 on Day Two. Raffel shot another 74 for a total of 148. Hoffman was again the first one on the course for the Ephs, coming in with a 75. Overall, the Ephs won with 586. Middlebury and Trinity finished with 602, and Amherst had a total of 628 for fourth. “We had a great team effort,” Raffel said. “The fact that the top four individual finishers in the tournament were all from Williams is a testament to our consistency and depth as a team. “Goldenring and Kannegieser really stepped up these last couple weeks. For the seniors, winning NESCACs is something we’ve been working toward for four years. The team has had ups and downs, but this year things have really come together.” The title was the Ephs’ first since 2013 and qualified them for Nationals. The last time the team made it to Nationals, it finished 26th out of 41 teams. This year, the event will be played from May 16-19 on the El Campeon Course at Mission Inn in Howey-in-the-Hills, Fla., a course that the team got to play during its spring break trip and where women’s golf won its national championship in 2015. The Ephs will be making their 11th tournament appearance and are seeking the first national title in school history.
PHOTO COURTESY OF SPORTS INFORMATION
Will Kannegieser ’20 shot a 72 and a 73 to win the individual title at last weekend’s NESCAC Championship.
PHOTO COURTESY OF SPORTS INFORMATION
Men’s track and field edged Tufts by 11 points to win the NESCAC Championship on Saturday.
Men’s track and field upsets Tufts, earns second straight NESCAC title By JAY HABIB STAFF WRITER Men’s track and field upset No. 10 Tufts last Saturday to win the NESCAC Championship for the second year in a row. Going into the meet against a formidable opponent in the Jumbos, the Ephs needed a strong team effort to defend their title. In Brunswick, Maine, James Heinl ’19 and co-captain Chris Lyons ’17 started the day with a bang in the hammer throw. Heinl and Lyons smashed their personal bests, finishing in fouth and fifth with marks of 49.99 meters and 48.66 meters, respectively. In the 10k, Noah Williams ’17, Ben Decker ’18 and Zachary Dulabon ’18 propelled the Ephs to an early lead. Williams and Decker led the chase pack for much of the race, finishing in third and fourth with personal bests of 31:07.40 and 31:08.12, respectively, before Dulabon finished eighth in 31:44.22. Jacob Kahrs ’19, Zeke Cohen ’19, Kenneth Marshall ’20 and William McGovern ’20 then competed in the 3000m steeplechase. Working as a pack in the last third of the race, Kahrs, Cohen, and Marshall fed off of each other’s energy to all score points, finishing in fourth, fifth and seventh, with personal bests of 9:32.37, 9:35.85 and 9:37.32, respectively. McGovern finished 15th with his own personal best of 9:57.54. Even though a Jumbo won the event, the Ephs increased their lead. The Ephs maintained the pressure on the field. In the high jump, Ian Outhwaite ’17 matched his personal best of 1.98 meters to finish second, capping a successful return from a career-threatening injury. Ian Kagame ’19 had a strong showing as well, jumping a season-best 1.88 meters to finish fourth. In the pole vault, Pierceson Brown ’18 cleared 4.40 meters to finish third. In the 4x100, the Ephs' new lineup competed well. The team of Amyhr Barber ’19, Jeremy Thaller ’19, Tom Riley ’18 and
Dysron Marshall ’20 finished sixth overall in 43.02. In the 1500m, co-captain David Folsom ’17 set a fast early pace, working with co-captain Peter Hale ’17. Hale took over in the second half, and the duo finished first and second in 3:50.34 and 3:50.69, respectively. Christian Holway ’19 won the long jump, missing his personal best of 6.94 meters by a centimeter. Just behind him was co-captain Tobias Muellers ’18, who finished second with a mark of 6.82 meters. In seventh, Riley jumped 6.48 meters. In the javelin, Ian Mook ’18 threw 51.90 meters to finish sixth. In the 110m hurdles, Riley finished seventh in a personal-best 15.48. Muellers, who would contest five separate events on the day, finished second in the 400m with a personal best of 48.46. Despite these performances, Tufts clawed away at the Williams lead with fine performances in the 100m, 400m and 400m hurdles. The Ephs rebounded in the shot put, as Magnus Herweyer ’20 won the event with a mark of 15.90 meters. Lyons followed in fourth with 14.39 meters. Liam Pembroke ’18 snagged a point by finishing eighth with a mark of 13.56 meters. In the 800m, co-captain Steve Yannacone ’17 beat his seed, finishing seventh in a season-best 1:54.85. In the 200m, an event where Tufts had been favored on paper, the men managed to cut the deficit, as Muellers finished seventh in 22.23. Herweyer finished second in the discus with a mark of 45.73 meters. Heading into the last four events – 5k, triple jump, 4x400 and 4x800 – the Ephs led the Jumbos by one point. Hale returned to compete in the 5k, joined by Austin Anderson ’19 and Mitch Morris ’19. The race went out at a slow pace before Hale took command, stretching out the field to win his second title. He finished in 14:51.23. Anderson ran the race of his life, challenging Hale in the final lap before ultimately finishing third in 14:54.77.
In the triple jump, Holway shook off a twisted ankle to jump 14.28 meters for second. Heading into the relays, the Ephs had a five-point lead. In the 4x400, the relay of Marshall, Kevin LaFleche ’20, Yannacone and Muellers had a consummate performance. The Ephs moved up each exchange, and Muellers finished his day strong, splitting a 47 to anchor the team to a secondplace finish in 3:20.12. In the 4x800, the Ephs sealed the deal. Nick Gannon ’20, Lucas Estrada ’19, Tristan Colaizzi ’20 and Folsom continually moving up through the pack. Colaizzi handed the baton off to Folsom with a slight lead, and Folsom brought the meet to a close, anchoring the team to victory in 7:44.69. The men finished with 175 points to Tufts’ 164. Host Bowdoin was third with 110 points. “We had nearly 40 points to make up on Tufts from the indoor season, and that wasn't going to come via one or two athletes,” Head Coach Ethan Barron said. “In a number of events, we put three or four Ephs up against an All-American Jumbo and came out on top. “Every guy who scrapped for one extra place here and there – it added up. I've been to 20 NESCAC championships, and I've never seen a NESCAC meet that neck-and-neck. We did a great job focusing on our own execution and not worrying about the competition.We ended up coming out ahead because there's strength in numbers. It seemed that as the meet went on throughout the day, the energy and intensity continued to rise. “The magnitude of the events became motivating for us. That happens when you're able to stay myopically focused on your own purpose and block out the distractions of the competition. This team embodied that beautifully on Saturday,” Barron said. The Ephs will return to competition tomorrow as they host Div. III New England Regionals on Lee Track. The meet will continue through Saturday and Sunday.