METAL FREE SAFETY 7
FUNCTIONALITY, SAFETY AND DESIGN IN ONE SHOE. Introducing Bickz by Bata; Lightweight safety shoes with style. Anyone who thinks that style, comfort and safety donâ€™t go together really should find out more about Bata Industrials new concept in safety shoes. Bickz is a technology based product that uses the latest in composite materials to provide outstanding protection for your feet. Light in weight and fully flexible, Bickz performs comfortably in industrial and professional environments. Functionality, safety and design truly meet as one in the new Bickz collection from Bata.
Bickz Footwear Technology 1.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.
Composite (non metal) safety toe cap approved to Australian Standards AS/NZS 2210.3 - Latex toe cap lining Composite penetration resistant midsole Comfort PU footbed insole Breathable moisture absorbing linings Premium leather uppers Padded collar Padded tongue Cushioned phylon midsole Durable heat, abrasion, oil and acid resistant rubber outsole External TPU torsion stabilizing shank Anti-static
Bickz 907 Black Zip Sided Boot / Bickz 901 Tan Hiker / Bickz 903 Wheat Hiker / Bickz 902 Black Hiker Bickz 904 Black Shoe / Bickz 905 Black Jogger / Bickz 909 Black Elastic Sided Boot
BATA Shoe Company of Australia 1158 Nepean Hwy, Mornington Victoria 3931 Australia Toll Free 1800 644 297 www.bata-australia.com.au
SAFETY SOLUTIONS AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
ON THE COVER
Worker safety at risk due to compliance issues
OHS in growth phase
The Safety Show: the countdown begins
Simon National Carriers deploys Nissan forklifts to achieve efficiency gains and improve safety
Manhole lid lifter to improve employee safety
In my opinion
The welfare of your employees’ eyesight is your responsibility and caring for the health of your employees’ eyesight is crucial for their optimal performance and comfort at work. Inadequate or inappropriate eye protection and failure to observe occupational health and safety practices are the major causes of workplace eye injuries. So, taking steps to look after employees’ eye health is just another way to ensure you’re an employer of choice and Specsavers certified prescription safety eyewear can ensure that corporate legal requirements are met simply, affordably and easily. The company’s range of Certified Prescription Safety Eyewear is certified to the standards of AS/NZS 1337.6:2007, essential for the frames and lenses to be considered safe and suitable for their intended purpose - so they are safe, stylish and comfortable to wear. Specsavers is the fastest growing group of optometrists, providing professional eye care and affordable eyewear in over 260 stores across Australia. The company’s optometrists are professionally qualified and Specsavers continually invests in technology, allowing the company to have state-of-the-art testing equipment in all its stores, ensuring the best possible care for eyes. By broadening Specsavers’ commitment to eye care to provide fully certified product, the company has combined cutting-edge technology, patented frames and lens innovation to deliver the highest quality certified prescription safety eyewear at a cost to fit your budget. The company also offers bulk billing - making professional eye care accessible to everyone.
NOW in DIGITAL! Your copy of Safety Solutions is now available as an online eMag.
Specsavers Pty Ltd www.specsavers.com.au
© iStockphoto.com/Pamela Moore
WORKER SAFETY AT RISK DUE TO COMPLIANCE ISSUES Mansi Gandhi
4 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
Personal protective equipment (PPE) may be the last resort for controlling workplace health and safety risks. However, a number of workplace injuries and subsequent claims can be avoided by wearing the right PPE.
orker safety is at risk because compliance with the Australian Standards for industrial safety gloves is not consistent, warns the newly formed industry group Working for a Safer Australia (WSA) - The Glove Standards Compliance Group. Australia’s hand protection standards are based on the European EN standards with one exception - independent testing is not mandatory. Work-related hand and wrist injuries result in around 8400 hospital admissions a year in Australia, according to Safe Work Australia’s 2008 report. The WSA group, which includes Uvex, Ansell, Performance on Hand, SafetyMate and Showa Best, is preparing an evidencebased submission to Standards Australia to correct a deficiency in the Australian Standards regime for industrial gloves. The group believes that not only must independent testing be introduced, but that it should also be accompanied by improved compliance across the industrial sector via the development of a national glove database, a personal protection equipment (PPE) certification training program and, if necessary, the upgrading of federal workplace safety legislation. “There is no doubt that the absence of independent EN testing as a mandatory component of the Australian/New Zealand Standards (AS/NZS) is exposing workers to risks,” said Mitchell Mackey, Head of Marketing, Industrial and New Verticals - Asia Pacific, Ansell Healthcare. Standards compliance is not consistent and worker safety is at risk as a result, Mackey said, adding that self-certification is not reliable and definitely not in the best interests of people who daily place their hands at risk by exposure to sharpedged objects, chemicals and abrasives. In Australia, around 16,700 cases of work-related hand and wrist injury resulted in hospital admission in the
two-year period covered (2002-2003 and 2003-2004) by the Safe Work Australia study - Work-related hand and wrist injuries in Australia. “Work-related hand and wrist injuries comprised 32% of all work-related injury admissions over that period,” states the report. In Victoria, there were 12,491 emergency department presentations for workrelated hand and wrist injury over the two-year study period. This represented 32.7% of the 38,210 work-related presentations to emergency departments in Victoria over the same period. As against this, in Queensland, there were 3351 presentations to emergency departments due to work-related hand and wrist injury. These represented 44% of the 7552 workrelated cases of injury that presented to the involved emergency departments over the same period. There were 13,830 accepted serious claims for hand and wrist injuries in the workers compensation data provided by Queensland, South Australia and Tasmania. Many injuries occur because workers still don’t wear gloves, and of those who do, some don’t wear the type of glove required for the job, says Damione Wright, founder and Managing Director, Performance On Hand - a designer, manufacturer and distributor of high-performance work gloves. Wright founded Performance On Hand in 2005 with an aim to improve productivity and safety by providing gloves based on the type of duties the workers are expected to do. The manufacturing industry, wholesale and retail trade industry, and the construction industry appear to be the industries where workers most commonly sustain hand and wrist injuries in the course of work, according to the Safe Work Australia 2008 Work-related hand and wrist injuries report. “This is probably due to the tasks being undertaken and the equipment
AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012 - SAFETY SOLUTIONS 5
THE ABSENCE OF INDEPENDENT TESTING HAS CREATED A SITUATION WHERE WORKERS CANNOT BE CONFIDENT ABOUT THE EN PERFORMANCE RATING CLAIMS OF MANY SAFETY GLOVES, SAID WRIGHT. HE FAVOURS THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SYSTEM SIMILAR TO THE WATER EFFICIENCY WELS STANDARD, WHICH WOULD MEAN GLOVES WOULD BE REGISTERED, RATED AND LABELLED ACCORDING THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE APPLICABLE STANDARD.
being used which has the potential to exert large forces directly or indirectly to the hand and wrist. Guarding was a problem in a considerable minority of the injuries, as was locking or jamming power tools. This suggests there are design issues that could usefully form a focus of preventative activity,” states the report. The industrial and construction areas (38%) such as factories and construction sites, and trade and service areas (12%) such as eating places and commercial garages, were the main places of occurrence for the hand and wrist injuries resulting in hospital admission, according to the report. As against this, for emergency department presentations, “the majority of incidents occurred in trade and service areas (54%), with a fifth occurring at industrial and construction areas”. The absence of independent testing has created a situation where workers cannot be confident about the EN performance rating claims of many safety gloves, said Wright. He favours the development of a system similar to the water efficiency WELS standard, which would mean gloves would be registered, rated and labelled according the requirements of the applicable standard. “This would give people making glove choices the critical data they need,” Wright said. “In a similar fashion to the WELS database, gloves could be cross-referenced to the performance requirements of relevant product standards and technical specifications. All registered products could be searched for on the database. By simply going to ‘select all’, if a glove did not appear, a purchaser could ask further questions regarding issues such as independent testing.” The current Australian glove safety standards aren’t sufficient in guiding appropriate use of gloves, said Wright. The issue of compliance needs to be addressed first and once improvement in compliance
is achieved, the glove safety standards need to be looked at and improved, he added. Standards are necessary to help people to be informed about safety issues - they should help customers make informed decisions, he said. Peter Lockerbie of Showa Best is another proponent of independent safety certification. “At present, we have safety gloves from all over the world coming into Australia which bear the EN ratings; however, unless these gloves have been independently tested, as required by the EN standards, how can a person responsible for ensuring workers’ safety be confident that these gloves will protect the workers for the purpose for which they are intended?” Lockerbie said. As independent testing is not mandatory, we are seeing substandard products in the market, says Lockerbie. However, this doesn’t necessarily mean that all the products that are not independently tested are bad. It is important to educate the end user to reduce injuries and improve workplace safety. Mitchell Mackey of Ansell said the major hand protection suppliers carry out independent laboratory testing to ensure their products provide the claimed protection levels. “Our group will be working proactively with the National Safety Council of Australia and Standards Australia to address these glove standards issues.” Clint Tee of Safety Mate, a wholesaler for ATG gloves, said, “Safety Mate believes that, as a starting point, all glove manufacturers and importers should have their gloves tested to accredited, independent laboratories to substantiate any protection level claims made. Currently, this is not regulated and customers are accepting the glove’s depicted protection levels as having been legitimately verified. Our concern is that the customer may not be getting the protection they believe they have on their hands (and need to avoid and reduce injuries). Testing by accredited, independ-
6 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
ent laboratories will give the customer this assurance.” Damione Wright, Performance On Hand, also stressed the importance of wearing the right fitting gloves. His company has developed a wide range of sizes to ensure that workers get the right fit. To ensure that gloves have a perfect fit and also provide the highest possible level of safety at work, scientists from the Hohenstein Institute, an international research and service centre based in Boennigheim, Germany, are currently creating a database with actual hand measurements. The Hohenstein scientists have used 3D scanner technology to develop a hand database. An initial pilot study measured the hands of 100 male test-persons. The 3D data capture enabled 48 longitudinal and circumference measurements for each hand to be recorded and analysed quickly and accurately, according to the institute. “Using state-of-the-art 3D scanners, detailed and accurate virtual hand models and hand measurement tables are being created which can be used by glove manufacturers to create customised ergonomic gloves. The actual market shares of the different sizes, which have been extrapolated from the measurement data, provide an additional tool for optimum market coverage. “In addition to the capture of hand dimensions, the innovative digital method enables the generation of ‘average size hands’ to be determined. This is achieved by consolidating all hands which should fit a particular glove size in an elaborate method using specialised 3D software. The results are virtual 3D mouldings which both represent a glove size in its measurable dimensions and also in its three-dimensional form.” The Hohenstein Institute is still seeking interested industry partners who would like to use the results of the hand measurements and the resulting generated data for their product development and optimisation of current product ranges.
Chemical splash protective clothing
Diadora has added three styles - Hi Ibex, Hi Speedy, Storm - to its safety
Elliotts range of Chem-Tech Chemi-
footwear range. The Hi Ibex is a leather water-repellent S3 nubuck pull-up high
cal Splash Protective Clothing is
shoe featuring a breathable waterproof membrane for outdoor usage and an
made from a five-layer breathable
aluminium toe cap width 11,200 joule. The Hi Ibex also contains an EVA midsole
fabric manufactured specifically
with TPU film and nitrile rubber outsole - making it a suitable waterproof boot
for the requirements of chemical
for workers exposed to the elements.
The Hi Speedy range, available in charcoal and light grey, is designed
The Chem-Tech range of fabrics
specifically for the finishing, plastering and painting industries. These S3 water-
allows vapour to transfer through
repellent, full grain, leather, high work boots feature a two-colour nitrile rubber
the fabric while preventing liquid
outsole with a special anti-slip, abrasion-resistant design. The Storm is a PVC
penetration by a variety of chemi-
industrial boot featuring a 15% nitrile rubber upper and outsole, suitable
cals. Chem-Tech Chemical Splash
for farming, agricultural, cold storage and hospitality industries.
Protective Clothing allows the body
All styles conform to Australian/NZ Class 1 Safety Standards
to breathe, so perspiration can
evaporate reducing the possibil-
ity of heat stress and therefore
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q783
improving wear comfort. Many coated fabrics are non-breathable and they do not allow moisture vapour through. Workers incur the risk of heat stress as this hinders the bodyâ€™s physiological cooling process. Chem-Tech Chemical Splash Protective Clothing can provide the wearer with valuable time to access an emergency shower in the case of an accidental chemical splash. Chem-Tech breathable chemical splash fabric has been tested to ISO-11092 for water vapour resistance. Water vapour resistance measures the ability of textile fabrics to transfer body heat and
Safety gate switch interlocks Fortress Interlocks has developed its range of heavyduty, safety gate switch interlocks to create amGard Pro. The product builds on the modularity and robust design of the existing amGard range but with added features and benefits, including forward and backward compatibility, stainless steel heads, emergency-release options, anti-vibration parts and non-contact technology. The Pro range integrates modern technology to deliver updated control functionality but still offers the option for traditional lockout retrofitting, creating a variety of configurations not previously available. The product has been tested to withstand up to 10 kN retention force, making it suitable for safeguarding plant and
moisture vapour away from the
personnel in heavy-duty environments.
body through protective fabric
Fortress Systems Pty Ltd
layers and shows the benefits of
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q677
wearing garments which can reduce potential metabolic heat loss. The Chem-Tech Chemical Splash Apparel Range is available in stand-
Rack and pinion jacks
ard Chemical Splash material or as
For users looking for a safer way of removing heavy maintenance covers in min-
a FRAS Chemical Splash material.
ing applications, Pfaff has redesigned its ZWW range of rack and pinion jacks
Each item is also available with
in the 1.5 to 10 tonne range. Smaller sizes down to 250 kg are also available.
high-visibility tape for extra visibility
The company says there will be no more block and tackles to remove sealed
where required in the workplace.
covers on conveyers that can let go without warning. As the covers are rigidly
The chemical splash apparel
attached to the end of the rack and the crank handle has a ratchet, mainte-
range includes coat, trouser, cov-
nance operators can apply a light pre-tension to the cover prior to unseating
erall, BA coverall, bib and brace
the seals on the cover. The cover can then be safely wound out of the way.
and apron. Elliott Australia Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q654
8 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
The jacks are designed for sluice gate applications, so they are suitable for all outdoor environments. Stroke is around 550-800 mm depending on the model. Motion Technologies Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q699
Self-contained safety shower and eyewash
A self-contained safety shower and eyewash featuring solar-battery charging for use even in the remotest parts of Australasia is being introduced by Enware Australia.
Gas detection transmitter The Freedom 6000 universal transmitter for the detection of toxic and combustible gases incorporates modularity, common components and a common user interface into a fixed gas detection system. The transmitter combines
The relocatable unit features loading/unloading access for forklifts tines or cranes. It incorporates a water-storage capacity to operate both emergency shower and eyewash to AS 4775-2007 requirements, and does not need mains power or plumbing connection.
Scott Safety’s advanced sensor technology with an innovative design to enable simple component replacements and field upgrades. The transmitter is available with a full suite of accessories, including Rock Solid toxic sensors, enabling users to customise a solution to meet any application. The company’s proprietary Rock Solid sensor technology provides low zero draft, faster speed of response and recovery time, and greater specificity to target gases, according to the company. Scott Safety Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q321
Welding and safety helmet The Speedglas 9100 MP air welding and safety helmet features auto-darkening welding lens and a large visor (100 x 170 mm) that allows the welder to benefit from a clear vertical and lateral field of view with continuous respiratory protection when not welding. A flip-up mechanism reveals a high-impact protective visor that is suitable for grinding and low light conditions. The Adflo Powered Air Purifying Respirator (PAPR) or the V-500E Supplied Air Regulator (SAR) integrates with the helmet to provide respiratory protection that is compliant with Australian and New Zealand standards. The 9100XX lens, with shades 3/5/8/9-13, allows the welder to weld, cut, grind and tack. When the lens is combined with the company’s peripheral SideWindows, it provides what is said to be the largest viewing area when compared to other auto-darkening welding helmets currently available in the Australian market. The company has teamed up with 3M’s Peltor hearing protection brand - the Peltor earmuffs attach to the product to give the welder hearing protection compliant with
Designed for service with mining, oil and gas, defence and heavy industry applications where services are limited, the shower and eyewash ensure optimum water coverage to quickly remove contaminants and irritants from the face, eyes and body. Developed for reliable performance even in ambient temperatures exceeding 45°C, the unit features a heavy stainless steel enclosure with stainless steel construction throughout for maximum life span and fail-safe operation in harsh environments. The system operates from a self-monitoring, fully independent power supply. This comprises a robust battery and dual pump system, and two solar panel modules connected to a regulator to ensure the two maintenance-free batteries are always ready to go. Built-in battery monitoring helps to achieve maximum cell life span. Supplied with water-level, water-temperature and battery-supply indication gauges, the company can also build units to suit the needs of
Australian and New Zealand standards.
Australian Welding Supplies Pty Ltd
Enware Australia Pty Ltd
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q692
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q286
10 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
Mongrel ZipSiders Original thinking ... Copied by everyone Mongrel Boots launched the first ZipSider style work boot in 2007. A great success – it is now perhaps the most copied style on the market. But while our competitors have been copying we have been improving. Today ZipSiders come in 8 styles including our latest hi-leg 561050 in wheat. Features include rubber sole, new scuff cap, protected zip and Kevlar stitching. The technology in Mongrel ZipSiders is without equal – providing both superior safety and comfort along with the benefits of Australian Made quality control. Visit our website – mongrelboots.com.au and checkout our full range of ZipSiders.
Aussie Born and Bred
Victor Footwear 15 George Young Street Auburn NSW 2144 p: 02 8667 2555 f: 02 8667 2500 e: firstname.lastname@example.org w: www.mongrelboots.com.au
Workwear The BT Denum work jeans based on Invista’s Cordura fabric technology are designed to withstand tough working conditions without sacrificing everyday style and comfort. With a relaxed ‘classic’ fit and traditional navy denim colour, the jeans come in more than 20 sizes and provide generous leg room for flexibility and ease of movement. Wide belt loops and an additional utility loop at the back provide extra functionality. The jeans also feature a reinforced front zipper, double-stitched seams, deep pockets and even a fob pocket for added style. The fabric is abrasion resistant - four times more resistant to abrasion than standard 100% cotton denim fabric, claims the company.
Online training courses Six online training courses are now available through the NSCA website. Online training is a valuable method for continuous education
and overall productivity enhance-
ment, ensuring that users’ knowledge of work health and safety remains up to date. Enrolling in the online training
Respirators and filters
offers flexibility and convenience.
The Protector Promask Twin full-face respirator ReadyPak is
Employees can train at their
available complete with full-face respirator and a pair of R1
own pace and work around their
filters conveniently packaged in a resealable storage
schedules, with the course material
container. The storage container provides protec-
available anytime and anywhere
tion for the respirator and filters. Certified to AS/
there is internet access
NZS 1716:2012, the ReadyPak is available with
Training courses currently avail-
a choice of three filters: particulate (P3), spray
able include: Manual Handling &
painting (A2P3) or chemical (A1B1E1K1P3).
Ergonomics for the Office; Forklift
Suitable for protection against airborne solid
Safety Essentials; Forklift Stabil-
particles such as inert dusts, mineral dusts, coal and wood
ity Essentials; Fatigue Manage-
dusts, metal dust and various fibres; metal fumes, manufactured
ment in the Workplace; Fatigue
fibres, radioactive particles, microorganisms, paint pigments and particles,
Management in the Transport
paint fumes and a variety of chemicals. The range also includes the R1 half-face ReadyPak, available with a choice of three filters (Particulate P2, spray painting A2P2 or chemical A1B1E1K1P2) and the R1 Litehood ReadyPak which contains an R1 half-face mask, A2P2 filters and chemical-resistant protective hood. The Protector brand of PPE is available exclusively through distributor Protector Alsafe. Scott Safety
Industry; Chain of Responsibility. New courses will be added on a regular basis. National Safety Council of Australia Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q626
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q278
Protective work gloves The VisionSafe Guardsman range of protective work gloves is suitable for a wide variety of applications and workplace needs. The Mechano is a fully lined glove suitable for mechanical applications. The tough synthetic leather palm and finger pads ensure durability in hard-wearing areas. The spandex and lycra support fabrics enable maximum dexterity with a comfortable fit. A snug-fitting wrist lock ensures that the glove stays firmly in place on the hand. Neoprene knuckle guards provide good protection to the user against the accidental scrapes and knocks that will occur during repair work. The Mechano is also available in two formats - a full-finger version for complete protection and an exposed-finger version to allow maximum precision and dexterity for awkward jobs. The glove is available in a range of sizes from small to 2XL and is also machine washable so cleaning is easy. Vision Safe (PPE) Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q506
12 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
OHS IN GROWTH PHASE
FUTURE OF OHS
While workers across various non-mining sectors are concerned about job losses and company closures, the professionals in the workplace health and safety industry seem to be having strong career prospects. Factors such as changes to the occupational health and safety (OHS) laws, continued importance of workplace health and safety, and a greater focus on due diligence have contributed to the growth of the sector. Read on to find out more about the recruitment trends in the OHS industry.
he average salary package across the OHS sector is $133,854 - a whopping 90% higher than the average Australian salary of $69,992 (ABS), according to a recent survey conducted by Australian recruitment firm National Safety Recruitment (NSR). The survey also found that an increasing number of employers have a strong commitment to safety with 77% of respondents saying their “employer is committed to safety” and only 13% disagreeing or neutral. “In recent years the focus for organisations has been centred on the concept of zero harm, but until now fears about reduced productivity have outweighed organisations’ efforts to minimise OHS risk. “Attractive salary packages are enticing people into OHS with superannuation above 9% (25%) and bonuses (82%) on offer. In this article, National Safety Recruitment’s Operations Manager, Matthew Annear, shares his thoughts on the current trends in OHS recruitment and the impact of the OHS harmonisation on the job market. Annear also provides some tips to assist employers in attracting and retaining top OHS talent.
OHS trends While the market has a strong candidate pool available, there is a strong competition to attract top talent. A small pool of candidates with the right qualifications, experience, personality, cultural/behavioural change management abilities is able to pick and choose between the best vacancies currently available with employers fighting to attract and retain this rare breed of OHS professionals. On the flip side, a significant number of candidates (mainly on the eastern seaboard) are struggling to return to the workforce following the redundancies that have faced the OHS sector in general over the past few years. Due to general volatility in the wider economy, several organisations - predominantly small to medium-sized - are now seeking to appoint short-term contractors or fixed-term contract employees. Many employers are reluctant to make the commitment of employing workers on a permanent basis until they have a clearer picture of the global outlook of the economy. It is proving to be a challenging time for many entry-level/ graduate candidates who are seeking to enter the job market. NSR is noticing that fewer employers are seeking to appoint trainees or graduates in the OHS industry. Most organisations that are committing to employ a permanent resource are opting to employ experienced OHS professionals with a proven track record of achieving solid outcomes and are able to demonstrate the ‘value add’ they are able to deliver.
Impact of regulation changes on the job market The changes to the workplace health and safety laws have forced many medium and large businesses to review and streamline their
existing operations. This resulted in an initial increase in demand of experienced professionals with knowledge of the proposed harmonisation changes. However, as some states’ commitment to harmonisation started wavering in 2011, the demand has decreased or stabilised. NSR believes that large organisations that require more resources to achieve transition are reluctant to invest until there is a collective commitment from all jurisdictions.
Talent attraction and retention NSR’s top piece of advice to employers for attracting OHS talent is to move fast and avoid procrastination. Top talent is being snapped up quickly and many employers are losing ideal candidates due to prolonged delays in the recruitment processes. This may be a reflection of the general reluctance and hesitation in the wider business community due to the state of the economy. However, the best candidates will not wait for organisations to make decisions when there are number of promising opportunities to choose from. Secondly, employers need to compensate existing employees based on the skills they develop and milestones they achieve. These days, candidates know their worth and will not hesitate in taking other jobs if they believe they are being undercompensated or undervalued. Benchmarking your organisation against similar organisations will ensure that employees stay committed and focused on achieving positive outcomes. This can be done in a number of ways, including utilising NSR’s annual salary survey that was released in June 2012. With data collected form over 13,500 professionals from 740 organisations, the report provides an in-depth view of current remuneration packages across all levels in a wide range of industries. A copy of this report can be requested by contacting NSR. In the current climate, job security is one of the key issues concerning candidates. NSR believes that transparency with employees is crucial. If employees believe that an organisation’s ongoing viability is in jeopardy, candidates will not hesitate to seek new opportunities.
What’s hot and what’s not There is a strong demand for OHS professionals across different industry sectors. However, the highest demand is in the resources and energy sector. Employment opportunities in the commercial and residential construction sectors are declining as the sector has been hit hard by the collapse of a number of key construction and construction services organisations. Surprisingly, the demand from the manufacturing sector, especially FMCG organisations, is still strong. NSR believes the main reason for the strong demand in the FMCG sector is the fact that the sector generally remunerates at the lower end of the pay scale for OHS professionals. The turnover, therefore, has been high as candidates move to high-paying industry sectors.
AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012 - SAFETY SOLUTIONS 15
Work boots Steel Blue work boots are claimed to absorb more shock, helping to reduce stress-related injury and day-to-day fatigue. By reducing stress on the ankles, knees, hips and spine, the boots promote better health and wellbeing. The boots feature a multidensity sole which uses Trisole Comfort Technology to create a cushion-like effect. This means workers are said to exert less energy with every step, increasing performance and minimising the risk of injury. Now available in a stylish wheat colour, one of the boots in the range is the Argyle Zip. A general-purpose boot
Air/gas flow meter
suitable for mine sites and industrial and construction workplaces, the
The ST100 Series thermal mass air/gas flow
product features a convenient zip-release so the user can get in and out of the boots quickly. These boots also feature premium-quality leather, fully padded ankle protection and tough double-stitching. Steel Blue Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q751
meter from Fluid Components International (FCI) has obtained full certification from the Hart Foundation for its hardware and DD files, indicating full compliance with the Hart Communication Protocol. The protocol represents the global standard for instrumentation communications, providing two-way digital communication between intelligent field instruments and host systems
Thermal imaging camera The UCF 9000 thermal imaging camera combines thermal imaging and a digital video camera in one device. It is suitable for various complex applications, from firefighting and hazardous substance operations in Ex zone 1 to the monitoring and documentation of training. Even when visibility is extremely poor, the camera will provide good image quality and detailed precision. With its 384 x 288 pixels it is said to provide 44% more detail than other firefighting thermal imaging cameras. Its 57° field of view (horizontal) provides an extra-large overview of the situation. To bring the scene in even closer, users have the option of using the 4x zoom in addition to the 2x zoom. The UCF 9000 is capable of capturing films and individual photos of not just the displayed thermal images, but also from real digital images. With this option, users can make a live recording of real operations and training situations and evaluate them on the display on site with the play function. It has a compact design and is easily useable with one hand - buttons and keys are quickly selected with the thumb or index finger. With its robust support, the UCF is conveniently at hand even while users are crawling on all fours.
without disturbing the integrity of the 4-20 mA analog signal. The product continuously measures, displays and transmits an extensive array of parameters. In addition to the Hart Communication Protocol, it is available with 4-20 mA analog, frequency/pulse, alarm relays and additional digital bus communications including Fieldbus, Profibus and Modbus. Should a plant’s needs change over time or an upgrade be desirable, the instrument adapts as necessary with a plug-in card replacement that can be changed out by plant technicians in the field. The product stores up to five calibration groups to accommodate broad flow ranges, differing mixtures of the same gas and multiple gases, and obtains up to 1000:1 turndown. An optional SpectraCal Gas Equivalency calibration method lets users select and switch between 10 common gases. The onboard data logger features an easily accessible, removable 2 GB micro-SD memory card capable of storing 21 million readings. The meter also features a graphical, multivariable, backlit LCD display/readout which provides continuous display of all process measurements and alarm status, and the ability to interrogate for service diagnostics. The product is said to be the first thermal flow meter to offer three different types of flow sensors to best match user applications. The fastresponse FPC style features an integral flow conditioner and protective shroud optimised for compressed air and clean gas applications. The
Draeger Safety Pacific Pty Ltd
fast-response, general-purpose FP style features a protective shroud
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/M949
and is the sensor used with FCI’s VeriCal in-situ calibration option. For wet or dirty gases, or erratic flows, the unshrouded S style facilitates easy cleaning and provides a smoothed response. The instrument can be calibrated to measure virtually any process gas, including wet gas, mixed gases and dirty gases. The basic insertion-style air/gas meter features a thermal flow sensing element that measures flow from 0.07 to 305 NMPS with accuracy of ±0.75% of reading, ±0.5% of full scale. Designed for rugged industrial processes and plants, the flow meters include service up to 454°C and are available with both integral and remote 300 metres electronics versions. The product is agency approved for hazardous environments, including the entire instrument, the transmitter and the rugged, NEMA 4X/IP67 rated enclosure. AMS Instrumentation & Calibration Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q714
16 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
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Vis Visit V Vi issiit pr prime7.com.au, rime7 im me7 com m au g gwn7.com.au wn7 wn 7 cco om au o om orr q qldprizepool.com.au with proof of purchase to enter. See websites for Terms & Conditions and participating retailers. Competition closes 5pm AEST 10th October 2012. Entrants and their companions must be 18+. 1 entry per receipt & participants must retain their receipt as proof of purchase. Winner announced in The Australian on 12/10/12. Permits: ACT TP 12/02725, NSW LTPS/12/05887, SA T12/1376, VIC 12/1784.
Love your feet more
Firefighting apparel upgrade Elliotts has introduced a new element to the existing Structural
Firefighting Systems to add additional protection and increase
The Merak is a GS-tested safety knife for precise
the safety of the wearer. The thermal liner has been replaced
cutting with fully automatic blade retraction
with the latest T-Guard II Plus in the Nomex systems and
technology, which is suitable for cutting most
T-Guard I Runner in the PBI Systems offering safety and wearer
packaging materials. Thanks to the shallow
comfort. The only change that will be seen in the visual aspect
cutting depth of 11 mm, the risk of damage
of the suits is that the liner which was previously red is now a
to the contents is minimised when cutting into
cardboard boxes. Designed with a squeeze-
Structural protective clothing is constructed of multiple layers of
grip, the knife is suitable for both left- and
materials. Each material has a very specific purpose. Construc-
right-handed users. The blade is changed simply,
tion must include an outer shell and a thermal liner and can be
quickly and safely without using any tools.
constructed with or without a moisture barrier.
Other features include: no tools or dismantling
The outer shell (PBI Gold and Nomex 3D) is the wearer’s first
required to change blade; installed blade is
layer of defence. This layer, generally produced from woven fab-
four-sided for longer blade life; safety button
rics, provides flame resistance, thermal resistance and mechanical
prevents user from unintentionally extending
resistance (to cuts, snags, tears and abrasion).
blade; cuts cardboard with up to double-
The moisture barrier (Stedair 3000e) is the middle layer of the
walled thickness; cuts plastic box strapping,
three-layer turnout composite and is constructed of moisture-
adhesive tape, foil and plastic bags, stretch
resistant yet breathable film that is laminated to a substrate for
wrap, shrink wrap and more.
stability. It protects the wearer and the garment’s thermal liner from water, steam, moisture penetration, chemicals and bloodborne
Martor Australia Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q845
pathogens. It also allows the outward passage of moisture vapour so that some body heat can escape. AS 4967 allows the end user to choose whether to use a moisture barrier or not, depending on their specific requirements. The thermal liner (T-Guard II Plus and T-Guard I Runner) is a vital part of a firefighter’s protective clothing. The thermal liner is constructed of layers of flame-resistant, thermally insulative nonwoven fabrics that are attached to a woven facecloth for stability and strength. It insulates the wearer from the effects of extreme
Lead Safe Stand™ Quality polyethylene
heat encountered during structural firefighting operations. The Elliotts range of Structural and Wildland Protective Clothing for Firefighters is certified by SAI Global to either AS 4967 or AS4824. Elliott Australia Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q656
» Two piece lightweight non-conductive lead stand » Height: 2100 mm » Highly visible colour » Coiling hooks for extra lead » Easily moved by rolling » Holds 45kg of water/sand » Thread inserts in cable holding prongs for mounting floodlights » Custom company embossed labelling plates available POA
Marine calibration gas CAC Gas’s specific calibration gas mixtures for the marine industry are available in 103 and 112 L cylinders. Butane, Iso-butane, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, propane and nitrogen mixtures are stocked in 103 L cylinders. Multigas mixtures with H2S are available in 112 L cylinders. Both cylinders utilise the C10 valve so all standard regulators can be used with these cylinders. Also available is a selection of regulators
100% Australian Made Call 1300 All Poly for your nearest distributor. T 1300 255 765 E email@example.com W www.allpoly.com.au
for non-refillable cylinders which can be viewed on the company website. Stocked in Sydney, the company can ship calibration gas to any location across Australia and outside of Australia. CAC Gas & Instrumentation Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q222
18 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
THE SAFETY SHOW COUNTDOWN BEGINS When: Tuesday 23 October 2012 (10 am - 4 pm) Where: Sydney Showground, Wednesday 24 October 2012 (9 am - 4 pm) Sydney Olympic Park Thursday 25 October 2012 (9 am - 4 pm) Registration: www.infosalons.com.au/safety12s_PHP
ast year, when close to 10,000 OHS professionals convened at the Sydney Olympic Park, the then impending implementation of new workplace health and laws was a hot topic of discussion. Almost a year has passed, and now the businesses that operate in the jurisdictions that have implemented the new laws are ready to share their stories and lessons learned from implementation. The Safety Show 2012 will provide visitors with an opportunity to share industry insights and latest developments, and find the latest OHS products, services and ideas. Free industry seminars and workshops will be held in conjunction with the trade show. Separately, The Safety Conference, presented by the Safety Institute of Australia and sponsored by WorkCover NSW, will include a range of presentations and workshops by Australian and international speakers in a three-day program providing insight into health and safety legislation, practical solutions for workplaces and an opportunity to participate in discussion groups facilitated by the state regulator. The Safety Show Live Demonstration Stage will allow visitors to enjoy a hands-on, interactive experience by watching and learning how a product works. Visitors will be given the opportunity to see the true benefits on offer, experiencing how various safety solutions can increase safety in the workplace. The demonstration stage will be located on the trade show floor, with free presentations made throughout the duration of the show. The event will be of interest to OHS managers, OHS officers, risk managers, production managers, logistics managers, warehouse managers, QA managers, site managers, project managers, maintenance managers, engineers, plant managers, building contractors, rehabilitation coordinators, emergency services personnel, union representatives, foremen, occupational therapists and HR managers.
20 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
Co-located shows include Sydney Materials Handling and CleanScene - The National Cleaning & Hygiene Expo, which runs biennially between Sydney and Melbourne. Workwear, including safety eyewear, will be one of the key features of the show. Huski has expanded its ladies workwear/ safety range to cater to increased demand by women for wellmade and properly fitting safety garments. Vision Safe will show the recently released UVeto Australia range of safety sunglasses, while Specsavers and OPSM will exhibit comprehensive ranges of high-tech prescription safety glasses. An interesting stand will be that of Paramedical Services, a private Sydney ambulance company established in 1991. It will show how it manages worker injuries with its Worker Injury Response Service (WIRS) - a 24-hour, 7-days-a-week triage and ambulance response service. The injured worker is assessed, treated and transferred to the preferred medical provider and comprehensive documentation is provided as well as thorough follow-up and support. The organisation benefits with a reduction in injury lost time and savings in workers compensation premiums. Much of the equipment at The Safety Show Sydney has been designed for use in remote areas. At the Pelican stand, the focus will be on remote area lighting systems (RALS), designed with LED technology to provide a better quality of light, high reliability and low energy consumption. The result is energy efficiency and low long-term operating and maintenance costs. The portable Pelican ProGear 9420 LED work light is equipped with two LEDs (1000 lumens of light and 4 hours of burn time), plus a 1.5-metrehigh mast that deploys easily in seconds and illuminates the entire work area without the hassle of power cords. Australian Exhibitions & Conferences Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q758
GSR - Guardmaster Safety Relays The Next Generation have arrived Fully flexible, cost effective and energy efficient - the smart way for all safety applications · Can be expandable or used as a standalone relay · Universal input can monitor E-Stops, safety interlocks, light curtains and safety mats · Rated to CAT 4, PL e and SIL 3
· One slimline GSR safety relay can monitor and control up to two Cat.4 safety functions · Single wire safe logic connectio up to 30 metres apart reduces the cost and complexity of installation
Distributor within our authorised area of distribution. Refer nhp.com.au/apr
For more information on our comprehensive NHP safety products family, register for our NHP Safety Reference Guide by scanning the QR code.
NHP Electrical Engineering Products Pty Ltd Sales 1300 NHP NHP Sales 0800 NHP NHP
| nhp.com.au | nhp-nz.com
NEW White Papers
now available online!
Flammable gas detection technology: selection and application tips Gas detection technology should always be chosen based on the hazard faced. Selecting the right technology and applying it correctly will prevent injuries, save lives and save money in the long term. This white paper provides insightful selection and application tips - download now to ensure you are prepared.
Conveyor system The conveyor range from Optimum Handling Solutions provides a multitude of functions to improve the efficiency of repetitive goods movement such as goods receipt, order fulfilment and dispatch, transport, buffering, picking and distribution, to lower costs and speed delivery throughout the manufacturing process. Smooth surfaces minimise the risk of scratching or tearing product and secure guides prevent product from falling off, allowing for the safe handling of sensitive products. Available as a complete system, components or segments, as a simple gravity roller conveyor or a
Power quality With equipment and energy costs rising, itâ€™s hard to stress enough the importance of power quality. Power quality issues can hamper production processes, damage costly equipment and lower productivity. This eBook features articles on power quality challenges, managing and reporting problems, improving efficiencies and reducing costs. Download now.
more complex powered roller top belt conveyor, various widths and heights are available; making the conveyors suitable for handling packages, boxes, cartons, bundles, bags and other individual items that require the stable support of a extensive chain. The conveyers can be supplied in 3 m sections or sections up to 15 m, for production-line conveying and, with the addition of the companyâ€™s scissor lift tables and pallet elevators, users can create a constant flow for palletising product.
Global networks for M2M
Optimum Handling Solutions Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q535
M2M has a relatively short history, having been around since 2000 when it became apparent that communication between machines carrying out similar functions would be a good idea. It has since broadened into communication between dissimilar devices, examples being medicine and mining. This eBook explains more about this technology.
Eliminate impulse piping, heat trace and purge lines on DP level measurements Measuring level with differential pressure is a well understood and reliable method, although accurately measuring differential pressure on tall towers and tanks has always been challenging. For information on a possible solution to better enable operators to control tank level and pressure, download this paper.
Hazmat suit The Tychem TK suits are available in a number of styles including vapour-protective Level A suits, liquid splashprotective Level B suits and also in coveralls. The suits provide protection against toxic and corrosive gaseous, liquid and solid chemicals and are suitable for hazmat responders. Other features include: durable, puncture- and tear-resistant fabrics; wide range of garment styles available, including totally encapsulated, vapour-protective Level A and liquid splash-protective Level B suits; provides at least 30 min of protection against 322 chemical challenges; highvisibility lime yellow specially designed to be visible under dark
For these and more White Paper downloads, visit www.safetysolutions.net.au/white_papers
and light situations. DuPont (Aust) Limited Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q532
22 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
Septum flow regulator The FF-100 SM septum regulator is designed for applications where customers are required to inject gas samples into GCs or other gas analysers. The regulator provides the connection for taking samples
Airline trolley system The Modulair airline trolley system provides a portable compressed air supply system for the users of airline breathing apparatus. The stainless steel hose reel unit (hose up to 105 m) and cylinder frame can be used independently or together. The frame is designed to carry a pair of cylinders and, where required, an additional frame can be vertically stacked to allow connection of up to four cylinders (2- to 4-man operation). The compact, easy-to-use system is suitable for situations
with a gas syringe. Used with any disposable gas cylinder with a C10 valve, the FF-100 SM is chrome plated, allowing it to be used with most gas mixtures. The on/off valve provides a 1 L/min flow and syringe connection. The regulator will be useful for universities, research and industrial hygiene departments.
where clean air cannot be guaranteed or portability is essential.
CAC Gas & Instrumentation
The system is certified to AS/NZS 1716:2012 standard.
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q221
Scott Safety Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q320
in a World of Introducing 3M™ Versaflo™ Respirator Systems
Simplify equipment selection and improve your comfort. Choose from a selection of headcovers, hoods, faceshields, helmets, breathing tubes and air delivery units. Experience improved comfort at every point of contact with soft faceseals and airflow distributed to where you want. The compact lightweight design with multiple adjustment options provides further comfort for your entire shift. Go ahead — mix and match. All 3M Versaflo respirator systems are compatible with each other… so you can meet the evolving demands of your workplace. For more information visit our website at 3m.com/au/PPESafety or ring 136 136.
The Power to Protect Your World.SM © 2012 3M. All rights reserved.
AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012 - SAFETY SOLUTIONS 23
Coveralls with taped seams The Tyvek coveralls with taped seams offer protection to those working with fine particle (including asbestos) and biological hazards.
Intrinsically safe field display
The product meets EN Standards,
Michell Instruments’ MIC0005-
Category III, Type 4, 5 and 6, and
IS intrinsically safe field dis-
is available in sizes S to 3XL. The
play provides an easy-to-install
stitched and overtaped seams pro-
solution where a local display is required
vide equal barrier protection to the
directly in hazardous areas.
Tyvek fabric. Other features include:
Primarily intended to act as a monitor for a locally installed intrinsically safe dew-point transmitter -
barrier against particles larger than 1
such as the Easidew TX I.S. or Easidew PRO I.S. - the loop-powered display is certified by ATEX, FM
µm, making them suitable coveralls
and IECEx for use in hazardous areas and has an IP66 rating. It also complements the company’s
for working with asbestos; barrier
Liquidew I.S. and Promet I.S process analysers for moisture measurements in process gases and
against solid biological contaminated
liquids, as it can be installed either as part of the sampling system or in a convenient position nearby.
particles of risk group 1 and 2 (if
The monitor may be configured to display measurements in ppmV (for moisture in gases), ppmW (for
disinfection is not applied); barrier
moisture in liquids), as well as dew point in °C or °F. The easy-to-read LCD with four digits gives scope
against many inorganic chemicals
for showing wide ranges and high resolutions. A range of optional extras is also available, including
in low concentrations.
a loop-powered backlight to allow easy readings in low-light conditions, a key pad for re-ranging and
DuPont (Aust) Limited Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q353
also a tag plate to aid identification. AMS Instrumentation & Calibration Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q646
24 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
Simon National Carriers deploys Nissan forklifts to achieve efficiency gains and improve safety For Simon National Carriers, an Australian provider of transport, third-party warehousing and distribution services, equipment safety and reliability were key considerations for achieving efficiency gains. The company, founded in 1973, owns 200 trailers, 115 prime movers, 70 local trucks, 100 forklifts and 190 containers. It also owns warehouses throughout Australia covering all capital cities, as well as Toowoomba and Townsville. These facilities provide a total of 120,000 square metres under the roof and offer a full range of warehouse pick-andpack operations, assembly, de-stuffing of containers and a range of metropolitan and country distribution options. Simon also offers rail services to its clients on longer haul routes such as Melbourne and Sydney to Perth. From the southern states to Darwin, it also utilises a combination of road and rail and uses shipping services for suitable freight between the east coast and Perth. This explains the need for best transport materials. The equipment inside the company’s warehouses is also critical to its customer service levels, safety performance and cost efficiencies. Simon continually upgrades its line haul fleet to ensure it obtains the benefits of improved fuel economy, lower vehicle emissions, reduced maintenance costs, and optimum vehicle configurations such as B-Doubles and road train trailers. Simon’s policy of not fitting bull bars to the majority of fleet, and the 90 km/h speed limit assists the company in meeting its environmental and safety objectives. According to National Warehouse Manager Peter Tennison, the quality of warehouse equipment is critical to the success of the business. The company could have found cheaper products but it preferred quality, safety and reliability over price. “This is reflected in my most recent forklift purchase,” says Tennison. The company needed trucks (that could reach up to around 8 metres) for its new 40,000 square metre warehouse in Melbourne. Various brands were trialled in Sydney and Melbourne and the operators unanimously had a preference for the new Nissan RG series reach truck as it was comfortable and easier to control. “They also love the visibility of the RG; they really rate the mast lock system highly and find the automatic height selection system really assists their productivity, especially when retrieving pallets at 8 m high. On top of that, the battery life on the RG series keeps
the forklift working all day,” said Tennison. The company was comfortable with the operators’ preferences because it had used Nissan trucks for more than 30 years and it still had the old Nissans working in some of its yard applications. “Even though we have our own workshops, in most branches we have used Powerlift to service our Nissans on a national basis for over 20 years and [they] have proven themselves to be as reliable as the Nissan products,” said Tennison. The development of the RG Series was undertaken based on scientific studies and interviews conducted with numerous truck operators and logistics managers regarding truck ergonomics and repetitivestrain injuries. The operator compartment in the RG series is multiadjustable for left-and-right armrests and seat position. Even the floor height is electrically adjustable to accommodate all operator sizes. The specially shaped seat backrest is easily switched for looking to the left or right and the slide-down and tiltback functions support the operator while working at highlifting heights. The hands-free direction control and optimal placement of the LCD and keyboard all contribute to a relaxed working space, resulting in a more productive operator. The advanced technology of the Nissan Forklift AC TECH controller provides significant opportunities to enhance productivity, including automatic horizontal fork levelling, side-shift centring, load-weight indication and double-deep storage. The unique Level Assistance System - or Level Selector - helps the operator go to preset lifting heights in the racking at the push of a button, greatly reducing the time spent on positioning. The RG Series has drive speeds to 14.5 km/h and lift speeds to 700 mm/s and manoeuvrability in small aisles. The RG Series features reach trucks from 1.2 to 2.5 tonne load capacity and a wide variety of masts, with lifting heights to 12.1 metres. Powerlift Material Handling, through its Powerlift and Nissan Forklift ranges, has been the Nissan Forklift distributor in Australia for over 25 years and has branches in every state and 14 authorised dealers supporting its regional customers. Powerlift Australia Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q688
AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012 - SAFETY SOLUTIONS 25
In-ear communications headset 3M’s Peltor Ora Tac in-ear system offers a combination of lightweight hearing protection, ambient (tactical) listening and the ability to communicate via two-way radios in highnoise areas, without the need for a boom microphone. The Tactical Function mode allows the user to hear conversations, vehicles, warning signal and alarms, while protecting them from sudden impact and other hazardous sounds. As the Ora Tac fits comfortably in the ear, it is also compatible with a variety of other PPE, such as SCBA,
Safe-speed control of your application with one core technology.
full-face masks, hard hats, welding and sandblasting helmets, eyewear and powered and supplied air respiratory protection. The system is designed for high-noise/high-heat work applications including: manufacturing, smelting,
Safe-speed core technology is a single,
mining, fire and rescue, military and aviation.
standardised solution for safe-speed control of
a push-to-talk (PTT) adapter and a quick-disconnect
your application. It offers standardised setup,
cable. The cable connects to individual two-way radios
In addition to the in-ear headset, the Ora Tac includes
and can be changed when a new radio is purchased
programming and troubleshooting across three platforms with the
without replacing the whole system.
ability to retrofit existing applications or enhance a new installation.
3M Safety Products
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q647
Work gloves The HyFlex 11-820 glove is engineered for multipurpose light-duty mechanical applications. The glove addresses the problems of worn coatings and
Integrated Machine Safety Solutions Discover more at:
dirty liners workers often experience with their conventional gloves. The dark blue ‘second skin’ Spandex liner hides dirt and offers a snug, comfortable all-shift fit. A breathable, high-abrasion-resistant palm coating formulation claims to provide superior mechanical wear and tear performance and a new-generation liner provides the wearer with a ‘second-skin’ level of comfort. Independent testing by the European testing agency Centexbel has confirmed the HyFlex 11-820 glove meets level 4 abrasion rating, the highest possible in a 1-4 scale. Ansell Healthcare Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q934
26 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
Protective gloves The Guide gloves provide a solution where the risk of cuts, puncturing by sharp objects and even hypodermic needles are present. Each glove is created using patent pending technology that provides a unique level of protection against cuts, puncture and needles. The gloves are ergonomically designed providing protection and flexibility, while being extremely comfortable to wear. The Guide 6201 CPN - search gloves are suitable for police and security. The gloves are designed with the CPN technology, suitable when there is a risk of punctures and cuts but maintaining a sense of touch. The Guide 6501 CPN - police gloves provide cut, puncture and needle protection in a soft water-repellent goatskin. They are designed for police, customs and guards when there is a risk of puncture and cut injuries. The Guide CPN (cut, puncture, needle) range was recently launched at the the Security Exhibition and Conference in Sydney, where it was awarded 1st Runner Up in the Best New Product Category. Performance On Hand Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q928
Safety switch with AS-Interface The CET4 safety switch from Euchner combines non-contact transponder technology with a monitored guard locking function, as well as a door monitoring output. It is based on the open-circuit current principle. By applying voltage at the guard locking solenoid, the guard locking is activated. Through the integrated AS-i connection, the CET4 AS can be operated directly on an AS-i bus and provides the control system for both the door position as well as the actual locking position. Information about any possible malfunction in the switch can be diagnosed directly via this control system. It is also possible to switch usage from an electromechanical safety switch to the product on the monitor without changing the software. The switch is characterised by its tampering resistance and the IP67 protection. Along with its robust, attractively shaped metal housing, it can withstand locking forces of up to 6500 N. The use of external LEDs will give detailed diagnostics as well as the option of individual assignment by the user. Treotham Automation Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q849
LET’S ESCAPE FROM HAZARDS. QUICKLY.
RAPID ESCAPE. EASY DONNING. AIR ON DEMAND. The Scott Safety ELSA (Emergency Life Support Apparatus) is designed for rapid 10 or 15 minute escape from hazardous industrial and marine environments. The unique cuboid hood allows for easy donning and excellent visibility. It has been designedso that it can be worn by those with beards or glasses. The ELSA can be easily recharged and reused. Reliable and simple to operate, the ELSA is trusted by thousands of users across the world.
TO LEARN MORE VISIT: SCOTTSAFETY.COM (AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND) OR CALL 131 772
MARINE / TRANSPORT / INDUSTRIAL / OIL & GAS
© 2012 Scott Safety. SCOTT, the SCOTT SAFETY Logo, Scott Health and Safety, are registered and/or unregistered marks of Scott Technologies, Inc. or its afﬁliates.
AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012 - SAFETY SOLUTIONS 27
Portable Gas Detection for Safety in Confined Spaces – An Overview
n today’s working environment confined spaces and confined space entry are on-going areas of review. Nearly all workers can expect to come in contact with a gas detector during their working career but few have the opportunity to understand the basics. In essence gas detectors are used to detect or provide some confidence the atmosphere contained in the confined space is contaminant free. This is critical as the most common workplace reportable injuries in confined spaces are related to air quality or contamination. Initial selection is very important especially with technology available in sensors giving previously unattainable response times (under 10 seconds to full range)*. Existing industry instruments, whilst meeting previously accepted norms can be up to 10 times slower. Knowing this is vital in entering and working in potentially dangerous confined spaces. Of course FULL certification including both the electrical AND performance standards is equally important. As the saying goes you can’t be half pregnant and if it is important to have a certified product then it should be fully certified to all applicable local standards. Performance standards assure the sensors do respond as they should. Figure 1
Portable Gas Detection for Safety in Confined Spaces – An Overview
MSA is the industry leader in gas detection and detection technology. The following is part extract.
the confined space, giving a false low initial gas concentration.
When testing permit-required spaces for acceptable entry conditions, always test in the following order:
3. heat or a source of ignition
Battery-powered, direct-reading instruments are classified into two groups - single-gas instruments or multiple-gas instruments - typically monitoring one or a combination of the following atmospheric conditions: 1. oxygen deficiency or enrichment; 2. t he presence of combustible gas; and 3. the presence of certain toxic gases. Depending on the capabilities of the instrument, monitoring can be conducted simultaneously for oxygen and combustible gas, or for oxygen, combustible gas and toxic gases. These devices are commonly referred to as 2-in-1, 3-in-1, 4-in-1 or 5-in-1 alarms. No matter which type of instrument is used to check environmental gas concentrations, regular monitoring should be performed because a contaminant’s level of combustibility or toxicity might increase even if it initially appears to be low or non-existent. In addition, oxygen deficiency can occur unexpectedly. Take Home – Regular and ongoing atmospheric monitoring is best practice in a confined space.
Atmospheric Composition To determine the composition of an atmosphere, reliable instruments should be used to draw air samples. If possible, do not open the entry portal to the confined space before this step has been completed. Sudden changes in atmospheric composition within the confined space could cause violent reactions, or dilute the contaminants in
1. oxygen content 2. flammable gases and vapors 3. potential toxic air contaminants Comprehensive testing should be conducted in various locations within the work area. Some gases are heavier than air, and tend to collect at the bottom of a confined space. Others are lighter, and are usually in higher concentrations near the top of the confined space. Still others are the same molecular weight as air, so they can be found in varying concentrations throughout the space. This is why test samples should be drawn at the top, middle and bottom of the space to pinpoint varying concentrations of gases or vapors (see Figure 1). The results of the atmospheric testing will have a direct impact on the selection of protective equipment necessary for the tasks in the area. It may also dictate the duration of worker exposure to the environment of the space, or whether an entry will be made at all. Substancespecific detectors should be used whenever actual contaminants have been identified. Take Home – Know what is likely and sample broadly to establish levels before and during work in confined spaces. Single point detection may miss critical changes and issues.
Combustible Gases In order for combustion to occur, there must be three elements:
2. oxygen to support combustion This is known as the fire triangle, but if you remove any one of the legs, combustion will not occur (see Figure 2). The percentage of combustible gas in the airis important, too. For example, a manhole filled with fresh air is gradually filled by a leak of combustible gas such as methane or natural gas, mixing with the fresh air. As the ratio of gas to air changes, the sample passes through three ranges: lean, explosive and rich (see Figure 3). In the lean range, there isn’t enough gas in the air to burn. On the other hand, the rich range has too much gas and not enough air. However, the explosive range has just the right combination of gas and air to form an explosive mixture. Care must be taken, however, when a mixture is too rich, because dilution with fresh air could bring the mixture into the flammable or explosive range. An analogy is the automobile that won’t start on a cold morning (a lean atmosphere because the liquid gasoline has not vaporized sufficiently), but can be flooded with too much gasoline (a rich atmosphere with too much vaporization). Eventually, when the right mixture of gas and air finally exists (explosive), the car starts.
How Combustible Gas Monitors Work To understand how portable combustible gas detection instruments work, it is first important to understand what is meant by the Lower Explosive Limit (LEL) and Upper Explosive Limit (UEL). When certain proportions of combustible vapors are mixed with air and a source of ignition is present, an explosion can
Portable Gas Detection for Safety in Confined Spaces – An Overview
occur. The range of concentrations over which this reaction can occur is called the explosive range. This range includes all concentrations in which a flash will occur or a flame will travel if the mixture is ignited (see Figure 3). The lowest percentage at which this can happen is the LEL; the highest percentage is the UEL. Most combustible instruments display gas concentrations as a percentage of the LEL. Some models have gas readouts as a percentage by volume. What’s the difference? For example, the LEL of methane (the major component in natural gas) is 5 percent by volume, and the UEL is 15 percent by volume. If we slowly fill a room with methane, when the concentration reaches 2.5 percent by volume, it is 50 percent of the LEL; at 5 percent by volume it is 100 percent of the LEL. Between 5 and 15 percent by volume, a spark could set off an explosion. Different gases need different percent by volume concentrations to reach 100 percent of the LEL (see Figure 4). Pentane, for example, has an LEL of 1.5 percent. Instruments that measure in percent of the LEL are easy to use because, regardless of the gas, you are most concerned with how close the concentration is to the LEL. Take Home – LEL varies according to gas type. A conservative calibration (eg Pentane) can give a broad level of safety warning (This should be a Pentane stimulant to guard against known Methane Blindness in some LEL sensors).
Combustible Gas Sensors Single-gas sensors for monitoring combustible gases and vapors are generally calibrated on Pentane and are designed for general-purpose monitoring of hydrocarbon vapors. Such instruments operate by the catalytic action of a heated platinum filament in contact with combustible gases (see Figure 5). The filament is heated to operating temperature by an electric current. When the gas sample contacts the heated filament, combustion on its surface raises the temperature in proportion to the quantity of combustibles in the sample. A Wheatstone Bridge circuit, incorporating the filament as one arm, measures the change in electrical resistance due to the temperature increases. This change indicates the percentage of combustible gas present in the sample. Take Home – LEL sensors “burn” gas in the atmosphere on a heated filament (pellistor). They measure atmosphere combustion and are non selective.
Toxic Gas Sensors Toxic gas monitors use electrochemical cells. If the gas of interest enters the cell, the reaction produces a current output proportional to the amount of gas in the sample. With these instruments, audible and visible alarms sound if the gas concentration exceeds a preset level. These devices are well suited for use in confined spaces containing motors or engines, which can generate large quantities of CO, as well as in sewers, waste treatment plants and “sour crude” processing stations which tend to have hazardous volumes of H2S.
Portable Gas Detection for Safety in Confined Spaces – An Overview
Multiple-Gas Monitors for Oxygen and Combustible Gas In most applications where LEL is measured it is necessary to determine both oxygen and combustible gas levels simultaneously. In this application 2-in-1 gas detection devices as a minimum should be used. This allows both critical elements of the fire triangle to be measured and a true LEL value determined. Sensors measure 0 to 100 percent of the LEL and oxygen from 0 to 25 percent. Take Home – True LEL values require knowledge of Oxygen content and LEL sensors do not work in oxygen depleted atmospheres.
Multiple-Gas Monitors for Oxygen, Combustible and Toxic Gases Toxic gases and vapors, may be inhaled and/or absorbed through the skin, are frequently found in confined spaces. Sometimes, atmospheric hazards can also displace oxygen and may incapacitate the body’s ability to maintain respiration. Some toxic gases and vapors can also cause long-term physical damage to the body in cases of repeated exposure. Instruments are available for simultaneously measuring the LEL of combustible gases, oxygen levels and toxic levels (in parts per million) of H2S, CO and other toxic gases. Alarms alert the user to unsafe conditions such as high LEL, low and high oxygen levels and or high toxicity. Suitable instruments also measure long term
exposure to background toxic gases known as Time Weighed Averages and provide alarms for these risks. Remote sampling pump adapters are available to convert diffusiontype instruments into pump-style instruments. These must be electrically certified for use with the instrument by the instrument certifying agency to ensure full compliance. Take Home – Check all certifications on all electrical components to be used in a confined space.
Photoionization Devices for Toxic Gases and Vapors A photoionization detector, uses ultraviolet light to ionize molecules of chemical substances in a gaseous or vaporous state (see Figure 7). A realtime digital readout allows the user to make an immediate determination of gas and vapor concentrations. Depending upon calibration input, gas and vapors are measured over a 0.1 to 10,000 ppm scale. Most PID detectors can be sensitive to signal loss due to humidity. Advanced technology design is available that removes humidity blindness. Understanding humidity impact is important as signal loss is misinterpreted by affected detectors as gas readings and can cause false alarms. Although PID’s detect many compounds often called Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) they are relatively non-selective. Instruments often contain libraries of conversion factors however these only convert a signal so if the incorrect compound factor is applied the reading will be wrong. Take Home – Ensure the VOC is confirmed if using a specific library reference to measure. The PID signal will aggregate the signal from ALL VOC’s in the sample together.
Detector Tube Sampling Systems Detector tube-type devices are recommended for conducting quick evaluations of potential hazards that cannot otherwise be measured. With detector tubes, a known volume of air is drawn through the tube, using a
manually operated or battery-powered sampling pump. If gas or vapor is present in the air, chemically treated granules in the tube are stained a different color. By measuring the length of the color stain within the tube, users can determine concentration levels. Most tubes available today are made of glass, have break-off tips, and are filled with treated chemical granules. They generally have a shelf life of 24 to 30 months. One type of pump frequently used with a detector tube is a compact, bellowstype device. Accurate and repeatable sample flows can be assured by a shaft that guides the bellows during compression. Some models feature an end-of-stroke indicator that lets the user know when a full air sample has been drawn. Models with an integral stroke counter eliminate the tedious recording of multiple pump strokes.
*MSA Altair® X-CellTM sensors independently tested and certified. The information in this document is provided in good faith to assist organisations working in confined spaces and is a generic extract from MSA Australia training program. Unauthorised copy beyond general informational use may require permission from MSA Australia.
Take Home – These devices are generally less accurate and are mostly used qualitatively to determine a compound is present. They are chemical and subject to aging and variation due to heat and other environmental factors.
Calibration To ensure the accuracy of all monitoring and detection equipment, calibration should be performed regularly. If the instrument reading differs significantly from the values of the known standard, the instrument should not be used until it has been adjusted or, if necessary, repaired. This is the most abused area of gas detection. ALL manufacturers indicate regular (mostly at least daily) tests of instruments in use and re-calibration if required. The Australian standards indicate a higher degree of test. These tests should cover all sensors as all sensors are critically important to work in confined spaces. Take Home – A correctly calibrated gas detector may be the only thing standing between a worker and a potential catastrophic injury. Gas detectors for personal safety must be tested before use.
AUSTRALIAN HEAD OFFICE MSA (Aust.) Pty. Limited 137 Gilba Road, GIRRAWEEN NSW 2146 Customer Service No: 1300 728 672 Email: aus.customerservice@MSAnet.com Web: www.msa.net.au WESTERN AUSTRALIAN OFFICE MSA (Aust.) Pty. Limited 4 Iron Road, MALAGA WA 6090 Customer Service No: (08) 9247 8900 Email: perth.customerservice@MSAnet.com Web: www.msa.net.au MSA NEW ZEALAND Unit B, 707 Great South Rd Penrose, Auckland, New Zealand Customer Service No: 0800 441 335 Email: nzcusserv@MSAnet.com Web: www.msa.net.au
Portable Gas Detection for Safety in Confined Spaces – An Overview
Personal PID safety monitor
Manhole lids The cast iron Easy Lift manhole lids are
The Cub personal photoionisation detection (PID)
spring hinged to open with ease, using
monitor can be used for fast yet accurate detection
less than 15 kg of equivalent pressure.
of volatile organic and total aromatic compounds,
As a further safety measure, stainless
keeping workers safe within their work environment.
steel safety grates are built in beneath
It is suitable for use in industries and applications
the lid such that when the manhole is
including: oil and gas, chemical and petrochemical
first opened, any potential of a fall from
plants, health and safety, industrial hygiene, phar-
heights is removed. The grates allow
maceutical, first response and hazardous materials.
pumps and other items to be raised or
With its parts-per-billion (ppb) sensitivity, the product gives
lowered into the manhole and can also
an early warning of exposure to hazardous gases, including benzene, and it is
open upward for improved access to
claimed to be the smallest, lightest and most sensitive PID monitor available.
the manhole shaft if required.
The PID monitor is capable of detecting over 480 selectable gases and has a dynamic range
The lids are coated to minimise
of 1 to 5000 ppm, said to be the widest range available. Small, compact and lightweight, the
corrosion due to aggressive sewer
monitor is robust yet comfortable and unobtrusive to wear. When worker exposure exceeds
environments and are considered to
preset limits the instrumentâ€™s audible, vibrating and flashing LED alarms alert the worker to
be suitable for use in sewer pump
the gases present. Readings are displayed in ppb and mg/m 3 on its bright, backlit LCD with
stations and other access locations
selectable data logging time.
within water and sewer networks and
The product is available in three variants: a ppb or ppm instrument with 10.6 ev lamp
the mining industry. Manufactured to
for accurately detecting a wide range of VOCs dependent on sensitivity requirements, and
Australian Standards, these lids come
CubTAC with 10.0 ev lamp for the accurate detection of total aromatic compounds (TACs)
in two sizes (760 mm square and
down to ppb levels. CubDoc docking stations are available for USB communication, charging
950 mm round) and are trafficable, al-
and calibrating the instrument, dependent on requirements.
lowing them to be used in roadways,
The instrumentâ€™s PID sensor technology has been independently verified as best perform-
paths, pump stations and other plant.
ing for speed, accuracy and humidity-resistant operation. Its Fence Electrode technology
Key benefits include: safe and easy
and anticontamination mean the unit is unaffected by humid and challenging environments,
to open - reducing injury; minimised
providing accurate, reliable results and extended run time in the field.
tripping hazard when compared with
The product has been developed as part of a family of PID detectors to be used alongside the PhoCheck Tiger VOC detector and Tiger Select for total aromatic compounds (TACs) and benzene detection. Scitek Australia Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q518
32 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
concrete manholes; safety grate for prevention of fall from heights. Iota Services Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q733
Natural latex rubber insulating gloves The Electrosoft AS2225 Approved Natural Latex Rubber Insulating Gloves are suitable for electrical workers. The first line of defence for contact with any energised components or lines, the Electrosoft AS2225 Approved Natural Latex Rubber Insulating Gloves offer workers protection in a variety of electrical applications. Approved to the AS/NZS standard AS2225:1994, the 100% latex gloves are suitable for use in a range of electrical conditions, including low-voltage to high-voltage environments and have glove ratings from 650 to 4000 V.
With a natural latex base, the gloves have a straight cuff for easy wear and a non-flocked lining.
The Deb InstantFoam sanitiser is a high-performance, alcohol-
The gloves should be used in conjunction with leather
based foam designed to sanitise hands. Its benefits include: kills
overgloves to provide mechanical protection of the electrical
99.999% of many common germs in just 15 s; no sticky or tacky
glove against cutting and tearing. The AS2225-approved
after feel; spreads four times more easily than gels; leaves hand
gloves are available in multiple sizes from size 8 through
feeling soft and smooth.
to size 11.
The product is available in the companyâ€™s Sanitise Dispenser
For easy storage, the gloves come packaged in a UV-
and handy personal pack sizes. It is suitable for times when there
resistant, opaque bag and must be stored at ambient
is no access to sinks, running water or drying facilities.
temperature, away from direct sunlight and heat.
Deb Australia Pty Ltd
Honeywell Safety Products Australia Pty Ltd
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q846
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q512
AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012 - SAFETY SOLUTIONS 33
Network cameras Camera Companion, an entry-level IP solution for video surveillance, is suitable for retail stores, offices, hotels or other small businesses. Designed for systems from 1 to 16 cameras, the solution consists of a free software client and Axis network cameras or video encoders with SD-card support. The solution allows small business owners to use HDTV network cameras to help them clearly identify intruders, shoplifters and other
incidents. Video can be viewed live and recordings played back from
Manufactured from ultrahigh tensile strength, 13-gauge yarn,
anywhere - on site or remotely over the internet. The system supports
the G-Force Cut 5 glove has a very high cut resistance.
motion detection and pan/tilt/zoom control. Video clips and snapshots
The company’s HDPU palm coating (high density polyure-
can be easily exported to colleagues and authorities, and the system
thane) uses environmentally friendly materials in its produc-
supports third-party apps for viewing live and recorded video on leading
tion and is said to have more than 10 times higher abrasion
smartphones and tablets, such as iPhone, iPad and Android devices.
resistance than normal PU, offering good cut, slash and
Unlike analog surveillance installations, the Camera Companion does
abrasion resistance for tough industrial applications, as well
not require a central recording device - a digital video recorder (DVR),
as ensuring a secure grip in wet or oily applications.
network video recorder (NVR) or even a computer. The cameras are
The glove’s micro ventilated construction offers comfort
powered over the network, eliminating the need for separate power
over a long period of time as well as being waterproof,
cables. All images are recorded onto a standard SD memory card in
durable, washable and re-usable, and is certified to high
each camera and, even if a network fails, the cameras keep recording.
EN388 standards for abrasion, cut, tearing and perforation.
Existing analog cameras can also be integrated via video encoders.
The glove is available in sizes 6 to 11.
Axis Communications (S) Pte Ltd
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q713
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q772
‘Need haNd protectioN, we’ve got every trade covered’ the toUgheSt JoBS deMaNd the toUgheSt gLoveS
Professional construction workers told Ansell what they needed, and Ansell delivered with ActivArmr® Jobsite Gear. The ActivArmr® Jobsite Gear gloves are tailored to provide an optimal balance of protection, dexterity and comfort never before seen in a construction glove. For performance that counts on the job, talk to Ansell: Call 1800 516 957, visit www.ansell.com.au/activarmr or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Ansell, ® and ™ are trademarks owned by Ansell Limited or one of its affiliates. © 2012 Ansell Limited. All rights reserved.
34 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
Innovative solution to improve workplace eye safety Work-related eye injuries result in around 500 hospital admissions a year in Australia, according to a Safe Work Australia 2008 report. In Victoria alone there were 7299 emergency department presentations for work-related eye injuries from July 2002 to June 2004. From 1 July 2002 to 30 June 2004 (inclusive), there were 1049 cases of work-related eye injury resulting in hospital admission, according to the report. While there were 7299 emergency department presentations in Victoria for work-related eye injuries, in Queensland, there were 2144 cases, states the report. There were 822 accepted serious claims for eye injuries in the workers compensation data provided by Queensland, South Australia and Tasmania for the 2-year period, it adds. These claims involved the injured worker requiring one or more weeks off work. Eye injuries can be avoided by wearing the right safety glasses. The use of the correct safety glasses will ensure the safety of workers and help employers avoid injury and claims costs. Andreas Mehringer (Managing Director/Optician), a Queensland, Australia-based innovator and Managing Director of New Eye Company, has developed a unique idea to improve eye safety. His patented IC Safety System comprises two components - a pair of IC Safety Frames and an inner Astralon optical foil that includes the wearer’s prescription
lenses, offering distortion-free optical correction in all workplace environments. The polycarbonate safety frames are UV 400 rated, antifog and antiscratch, and meet the requirements of Australian Standard 1337.1. The Astralon foil can be easily clipped into generic safety glasses and fits all the IC Safety approved frames. Mehringer says the biggest challenge was finding the right material for the foil. This was difficult as he had to come up with a material that could hold optic lenses, was flexible and could slip into glasses. If the wearers of prescription safety glasses scratch a lens, they could be off work for days till they get replacement glasses. As against this, if the IC Safety frame is scratched then the prescription foil can be removed and clipped into another frame, allowing the worker to be back on the job very quickly, says Mehringer. The company’s key target sectors include mining, construction and medical services, says Mehringer. The IC Safety System has already been sold to a number of companies such as BP Australia, Downer EDI, Origin Energy, Sullair and Programmed Maintenance Services amongst others. The system has also bagged an ABC show New Inventors award. New Eye Company Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q676
AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012 - SAFETY SOLUTIONS 35
Safety switch The Allen-Bradley 440N-Z SensaGuard NonContact Switch with a magnetic integrated
Dual high-temperature cabinet cooler system
latch combines a non-contact interlock switch
Exair’s UL-listed and CE-compliant dual
It replaces separately mounting an interlock
high-temperature cabinet cooler systems
switch and door catch in lightweight guard
purge and cool overheated electrical control
and door latch into one integrated solution.
panels in harsh environments, up to 93°C.
The switch features the latest RFID tech-
Available with cooling capacities of 4000,
nology for coding, inductive technology for
4800 and 5600 BTUH, applications include
sensing and output switching signal device
variable frequency drives, programmable
(OSSD) safety outputs.
controllers, industrial computers, motor controls, microprocessors and robotics. Dual high-temperature cabinet coolers
It is available with a uniquely coded sensor and actuator to help protect against operators or maintenance personnel defeating the switch, helping to enhance safety. In addition, an LED on the switch provides diagnostic status.
circulate -7°C cold air through the electri-
Rockwell Automation Australia
cal enclosure to eliminate high-temperature
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q513
malfunctions and protect sensitive electronics from hot, dirty environments, such as in foundries, glass plants or steel mills. The high cooling capacity (up to 5600
BTUH) is suitable for large electrical en-
Oliver Footwear has introduced two sports styles to its King’s safety
closures and high heat loads. Models with
footwear range. Both styles comply with the relevant Australian stand-
lower cooling capacities, for NEMA 12,
ard AS/NZS 2210.3 and international standards. The 15-411 style is
4 and 4X enclosures, are also available.
a low-cut sports shoe with a lightweight upper, constructed of suede leather and fabric. The 15-421 style is an ankle-high sports boot that uses the same lightweight and breathable upper materials. Common to both lace-up styles is a dual-density, antistatic polyurethane sole, designed to sweep away liquids in slippery or damp job site conditions. Resistant to most oils, acids and alkali and temperature resistant up to 130°C, the sole combines a shock-absorbing, low-density midsole, for comfort, with a hardwearing outer sole, to withstand tough job or work site conditions. Both styles have a Type 1 protective high carbon steel toecap in a scientifically shaped wider profile for greater comfort and to ensure there is no contact between toes and the toecap. They also have a distinctive grey, reflective, high-visibility strip along the side of each shoe for improved safety in work site conditions such as warehousing
Cabinet coolers incorporate a vortex
and distribution. Sizes range from size 5 to 13 with half size incre-
tube that cools ordinary compressed air
ments from 6½ to 10½.
to cold air without the use of refrigerants.
They mount through a standard electrical
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q525
knockout while maintaining the NEMA 12, 4 or 4X rating of the enclosure. Systems with thermostat control minimise compressed air use, keeping the enclosure at ±1°C of the temperature setting. An automatic drain filter separator ensures no moisture passes to the inside of the electrical enclosure. There are no moving parts to wear out. Compressed Air Australia Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q717
36 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
PROCESS CONTROL | AUTOMATION | INSTRUMENTATION | SAFETY
Process Technology Regional Roadshow
NOW IN ITS TH
vend NEW or sess training ions
Coming soon ... to a city near you!
If you work in mining, minerals, metals processing, utilities, food and chemical manufacturing and processing then the Regional Roadshows are designed for you. Don’t miss out ...
NEW TRAINING SESSIONS FOR 2012 • Tune a PID flow loop • Troubleshoot a simple TCP/IP industrial ethernet network using four simple utilities • Write, install and test a motor control PLC ladder logic program • Basics of Modbus data communications protocol installation and troubleshooting • Arc flash protection and protective safety equipment • Variable speed drives— testing and troubleshooting
Perth • 10 Sept Bunbury • 11 Sept Rockingham • 12 Sept Karratha • 14 Sept
Exhibiting companies include:
Includes FREE: • Access to exhibition • Training sessions - NEW • Lunch and networking drinks • Product demonstrations • Prize draws
To register or for more info visit: www.regionalroadshows.com.au
Firefighting pump The Gaam MK300 pump is said to be a reliable, powerful, low-maintenance pump, offering pressures up to 1580 kPa and flow rates to 1400 L/min. The pump features hydraulically balanced bronze impellers, a mechanical seal, replaceable bronze wear rings, a four-position discharge outlet and a lightweight aluminium alloy body. Each two-stage pump is close coupled to a Hatz 2L41C diesel engine. Various Hatz engine models are available to provide alternative pump flow rates and pressures. Wormald (Tyco/Fire & Security) Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q731
Fire protection TenCate Tecasafe plus is engineered to provide electric arc and flash fire protection for electrical, petroleum and gas workers, utility linemen, foundry men, welders, oil refinery workers and other professionals working in the most hazardous of workplace environments. The Tecasafe plus materials are said to last twice as long as FR-treated cotton fabrics and the fabricâ€™s inherent protection is claimed to never wash or wear out. Constructed from a tri-blend of 48% modacrylic, 37% lyocell and 15% aramid, Tecasafe plus is a soft, lightweight fabric that is comfortable to wear while providing the end user with FR protection that is claimed to exceed the NFPA 70E and NFPA 2112 FR performance standards. Tecasafe plus fabric construction features: modacrylic fibres provide FR protection and durability to the Tencel fibres (easy to colour dye); Tencel fibres - the cellulose content provides comfort and soft handle (good moisture management as a result of Tencel being able to absorb three times its own weight in water); para-aramid fibres - provide enhanced durability and thermal stability (low shrinkage and loss of strength when exposed to thermal exposure). The Elliotts FR Safety Workwear range is constructed using Tecasafe plus and crafted to create the highest possible FR protection for worksite personnel. The Tecasafe range is sewn with Nomex FR threads, all seams are overlocked and then topstitched, all stress points are bar tacked, there are no metal components, has an ergonomic design and fit for greater freedom of movement and AS4836:2011 compliant 3M 8935 FR reflective tape. Tecasafe plus fabric benefits include: inherently flame resistant; electrical arc flash and flash fire protection; abrasion resistance and strength retention; easy-care washing and maintains like-new appearance after multiple industrial washes; available in a range of colours including hi-vis yellow. Elliott Australia Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q651
38 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
Half-mask respirator The Honeywell 3000 half-mask respirator with a P2/P3 filter is suitable for use in environments where mould poses a threat. The Victorian Government recommends a P1 or P2 respirator be worn to protect against particles that may be in the air, while the NSW Government recommends a high efficiency particulate (HEPA) filter, which will have a P2 or P3 rating. Made out of lightweight silicone, which prevents oxidation
and elasticity loss, the respirator has a large, pliable sealing
Gas-arc specialty manifolds, from CAC Gas & Instrumentation, are designed for
area that allows for a secure fit, while the oversized inhalation
applications where an uninterrupted gas supply is required for gas analysers,
ports enable lower-breathing resistance to enhance wearer
process applications and critical calibration gas systems.
comfort. With an angled, self-adjusting nose bridge, the
The manifolds are designed to accommodate two equal-sized banks of cylinders
respirator accommodates safety or prescription eyewear and
with one bank as duty and the other bank set as reserve. This can provide a
the computer-designed face piece allows optimal speech
continuous gas supply with the confidence of knowing when to change cylinders
communication without the aid of a speaking diaphragm.
without an urgent situation being created. Manifolds can be automatic or manual
The product is compatible with the companyâ€™s threaded
and are capable of incorporating alarm gauges and inlet purge systems to meet
cartridges and replacement parts are readily available.
specific customer requirements. Available in either stainless steel (Chem-Master)
Certified to AS/NZS 1716:2012 Licence No: 0952, the
or nickel-plated brass (Spec-Master), the manifolds can be used with corrosive
mask is suitable for those who require an easy-to-use
gases, toxic or high-purity gases up to grade 6.0 as a standalone system or as
part of a fully integrated gas distribution system.
Honeywell Safety Products Australia Pty Ltd
CAC Gas & Instrumentation
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q735
Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q781
AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012 - SAFETY SOLUTIONS 39
Manhole lid lifter to improve employee safety Manhole lids have the potential to ‘blow’ when under pressure from sewer stoppages, putting workers at risk. When manhole lids get stuck, workers have traditionally resorted to the use of various tools, with the potential to injure personnel, equipment and assets. To address this issue and improve employee safety, Melbournebased company iota’s field staff thought about developing a device which would enable workers to lift jammed lids and allow them to carry out work from a safe distance. The company trialled a prototype version of the original manhole lid lifter - this version was light, compact and easy to operate. After several field tests and modifications the company developed SafeLift - a portable, hydraulic, manhole lid lifting device. This solution consists of the following: manually operated pump and ram; 4 metres of hydraulic hose keeps operator at a safe distance; heavy-duty steel hydraulic lift piston. After testing on several manholes, iota found the equipment easy to operate, successfully breaking the seal of covers that were jammed. Following trials in the field, the company’s services staff provided positive feedback. To test its capacity, the company used the SafeLift to break the seal on a heavy cover (900 x 900 mm). “Experience tells us that lids of this size would traditionally be difficult to lift and at times would need to be broken out using other tools, creating a need to replace the lid,” according to iota. In the design and testing phase, there were challenges around lifting larger and heavier lids than the standard manhole. These challenges were overcome with the end design, which is capable of lifting 900 kg steel lids. Particularly useful when lid seals have become corroded, stuck or difficult to lift, the SafeLift also keeps the
operator at a safe distance. The other key benefits include: reduced risk of injury to operators; reduced risk of breaking manhole lids; cost savings from minimal lid replacement; cost-effective and portable device; comes in a hard carry case to protect the pump and device. The company believes that the introduction of this machine delivered considerable cost savings, where jammed covers would ‘break out’ and require replacement. The cost of replacing lids can be in excess of $1000 in some cases. The device is currently being used by South East Water, Barwon Water, Western Water, Loy Yang Power, ACTEW AGL and others. iota has so far received positive results in a large variety of situations. “There will always be some examples of lids that are permanently sealed in place, needing to be broken out and replaced; however, we believe the SafeLift will provide a great benefit to workers in the field, with the potential to reduce risks for work crews and save thousands in unnecessary manhole cover replacements,” says the company. iota is the commercial arm of South East Water (SE Water). SE Water is the developer and IP owner of the product. Some components are purchased from an American manufacturer of pumps and fittings, while manufacturing of the piston mechanism is done by a local Australian engineering firm on the company’s behalf. iota was established by SE Water to capture innovation from across the organisation, test and prove ideas and concepts, and commercialise successful innovation and technology. Iota Services Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q703
Multitrip packaging Optimum Handling Solutions has a range of multitrip plastic tubs, crates and delivery trolleys, tall boys, bins and pallets that offer a more environmentally favourable carbon footprint than single trip cardboard boxes and cartons, according to UK sustainability consultancy Sustain. Sustain compared the two solutions and measured the embodied greenhouse gas emissions for the whole of their life cycle, taking into account all the raw materials, transport and energy use involved in manufacture, usage and disposal. Based on a useable life of 92 return trips over five years, plastic’s carbon footprint is less than 30 CO2e kg per unit, according to Sustain. Using the same measuring criteria, cardboard’s carbon footprint is around 70 CO2e kg per unit. The multitrip plastic alternatives could also save money, says Optimum Handling Solutions, providing an ROI in around 10 trips, and at the end of their service life span all of the plastic can be recycled. The range is constructed from tough polyethylene plastic with an additional coil spring rising base feature, designed to making handing easier and safer by eliminating the need for workers to bend repetitively. Trolleys have been designed to maintain the top load at ideal lifting height. Custom solutions can also be manufactured, if required. Optimum Handling Solutions Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q715
40 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
Lightweight, cut-resistant glove Providing wearers with a bare hand-like sensation without compromising cut protection or performance, the ultralight HyFlex 11-518 glove is rated for EN Index 3 cut protection, making it suitable for precision handling and assembly of sharp, dry, ultrafine parts. Building on Ansellâ€™s Grip Technology, the glove brings the mechanical protection properties associated with heavier-duty gloves to a comfortable, cut-resistant and multipurpose 18-gauge style. Knitted to 18-gauge tolerances with Ansell 3D knitting technologies, the glove features soft, strong Dyneema Diamond technology cut-resistant yarn and a tough PU coating to deliver a lightweight and breathable fit and feel. The lightweight glove is said to maximise dexterity, tactility and protection and is suitable for applications across industries including machinery and equipment, metal fabrication, electrical machinery, automotive and whitegoods, packaging, aerospace and transportation. Ansell Healthcare Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q520
Safety glasses Specsavers has released a range of Certified Prescription Safety Eyewear certified to the standards of AS/NZS 1337.6:2007. T h e f ra me s a re a vailab le in 12 SKUs and a variety of practical styles, including aviator and comfort bridges, complete with side shields and polycarbonate lenses - the most commonly used in safety eyewear, as it has the highest rating when it comes to medium impact resistance - or tansitions (SV and multifocal only) polycarbonate in single vision, bifocal and multifocal format. Specsavers Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q226
AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012 - SAFETY SOLUTIONS 41
© iStockphoto.com/Eva Serrabas Sito Garcia
SAFE HANDLING OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS
orkSafe Western Australia has issued a safety alert highlighting the importance of using safe procedures when pumping hazardous chemicals following a recent incident where two workers were injured while transferring chromic acid solution from an intermediate bulk container (IBC) to another vessel using a submersible sump pump. While the pump was running, the outlet hose came off and sprayed chromic acid at high pressure over the two workers. The chromic acid ran into the workers’ eyes and there was the potential for serious eye injuries (particularly as one of them was wearing contact lenses). The following factors contributed to the incident: the hose was not adequately secured to the pump outlet; the workers had no experience in the use of the pump and were not adequately trained in how to safely use the pump. In particular they were not trained in how to correctly secure the hose to the pump outlet; the workers were not adequately supervised; the workplace did not have safe working procedures/safe systems of work for transferring hazardous chemicals; the workers were not supplied with the correct personal protective equipment (PPE) for conducting the task; the workplace did not have adequate emergency procedures for dealing with worker exposure to hazardous chemicals; the workplace did not have a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for the chromic acid solution to which the employees were exposed. The workplace
42 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
had an MSDS for the solid chromium trioxide material used in the chromic acid solution, and provided this to the initial treating doctor. This information did not adequately inform the doctor of the hazards associated with exposure to the material. WorkSafe WA suggests the following actions: • Ensure safe systems of work (documented procedures) are in place for transferring hazardous chemicals at workplaces. The procedures should specify how to correctly select, prepare, operate, clean and maintain pumping equipment, as well as specify the correct PPE and any other controls required. • Ensure workers are adequately trained in the safe system of work. • Ensure inexperienced workers are adequately supervised. • Develop procedures for dealing with workplace emergencies, including exposure to hazardous chemicals. Ensure workers are trained in the procedures and the procedures are practised at regular intervals. • Ensure that adequate information (eg, MSDS or equivalent) is available at the workplace for solutions or process liquors that contain hazardous chemicals to which workers may be exposed. • Consider the use of specialised chemical pumps, constructed of materials compatible with the hazardous substances transferred at the workplace. For information regarding dangerous goods, contact the Department of Mines and Petroleum, www.dmp.wa.gov.au.
PPE for working with asbestos Honeywell Safety Products provides a range of safety and personal protective equipment designed to offer safety, quality and performance when working with asbestos. The Optifit Convertible P3-rated Full Face Powered Air Purifying Respirator is suitable for asbestos removal. The kit includes a full face piece, P3 filter, blower unit (which provides a flow rate of 170 L/min), power cord, battery pack and filter shower cap. Available in three sizes, workers can choose from the 5-point strap or black industrial mesh head net. The face piece offers visibility and optical clarity with a replaceable, impact-resistant polycarbonate lens that is treated with an antiscratch coating, while the silicone skirt offers durability and comfort and a nose cup that prevents fogging. The moulded-in speaking diaphragm provides improved audio transmission for clear communication.
Safety glasses The ProChoice Typhoon is a certified mediumimpact safety spectacle designed to fit securely
The P3-rated filter provides a filtering efficiency of greater than 99.95%. The shower
on any face shape.
cap can be placed over the top of the filter to protect it when putting the mask through a
The Typhoon can be worn comfortably in a
decontamination shower following asbestos exposure. Certified to AS/NZS 1716:2012 Lic
wide range of work site conditions from heavy
SMK 0952, the system meets the ANSI/UL 913 standard for intrinsically safe apparatus
industry and mining, to construction and even
for use in Class 1, Division 1, Groups A, B, C and D hazardous locations.
lab work. With a choice of four lenses (clear,
If a person is working around asbestos but not responsible for its removal, the company recommends P1 or P2 disposable respirators. These include the 5110 Cup Shape Dust Respirator P1 Unvalved, 4110 Flatfold Respirator P1 Unvalved, the 5210 Premium Respirator P2 Unvalved and 4210 Flatfold Respirator P2 Unvalved.
smoke, amber or indoor/outdoor), the Typhoon has all lighting conditions covered. It features a ratchet and adjustable arm that can be moulded to the wearer’s facial
The respirators feature durable suspension straps and have a flame-retardant outer
characteristics. It also features an antiscratch,
shell. Made from quality materials, the masks demonstrate resistance to clogging. They
antifog lens with a wraparound 8 base curve
are latex, silicone and PVC free, making them suitable for all workers without the worry
lens for peripheral vision protection.
of possible allergies, and are certified to AS/NZS 1716:2003 standards. Honeywell Safety Products Australia Pty Ltd Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q107
ProChoice Safety Gear Contact info and more items like this at wf.net.au/Q828
‘ The world’s firsT ulTra lighT-weighT glove ThaT offers genuine cuT proTecTion’*
* EN388 Cut Level 3
NEXT-GENERATION GLOVE. NEW INDUSTRY STANDARD.
In Ansell field trials, the 11-518 was preferred by nearly 70% of workers wearing other light to medium duty synthetic gloves. Ideal for handling fine, sharp parts, the workers praised the bare hand-like comfort, dexterity and cool, dry fit. The polyurethane palm coating provides excellent abrasion resistance, equivalent to heavier duty gloves. Genuine cut protection has never felt this light. Find out more about the next generation HyFlex® 11-518 at www.ansell.com.au/hyflex or call 1800 516 957.
Ansell, ® and ™ are trademarks owned by Ansell Limited or one of its affiliates. © 2012 Ansell Limited. All rights reserved.
AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012 - SAFETY SOLUTIONS 43
RESOURCES Comcare 2012 National Conference
from the editor
Around 640,000 workers, which is close to triple the population of a city the size of Hobart, reported they had suffered a work-related injury, revealed a recent Safe Work Australia report. Sprain/strain was the most common type of injury in every age group and workers in the 15-24 years age group experienced proportionally more cut/ open wounds and burns. The findings do not clearly indicate if (and in how many cases) the right safety equipment
Date: 19 September 2012 - 21 September 2012 Venue: Sydney Convention & Exhibition Centre Visit: www.comcare.gov.au/events/comcare_national_conference/2012_national_conference This year’s theme is ‘Build, Connect and Support - Lead the Conversation’. The overall focus is on mental health and incorporates sub-themes of broader wellbeing. Speakers will present ideas, concepts and challenge traditional thinking in the areas of psychological injuries, social inclusion, ageing workforce and rehabilitation. The conference will provide participants with professional development and networking opportunities and examine issues in work health and safety (WHS), offering relevant and innovative sessions and encouraging participation through a series of workshops highlighting topical issues. The objectives of the conference are to: examine contemporary issues and explore continuous improvement opportunities to better manage psychological injury; contribute to improving individual and organisational resilience; raise awareness to recognise the importance of effective people management as critical success factors for organisations managing workplace injuries; provide participants with significant professional development and networking opportunities; deliver relevant information, ideas and strategies to assist organisations to develop their capabilities and improve their health and safety practices. Over 500 delegates from across Australia are expected to attend. Registration is now open.
was deployed to potentially prevent injuries. Were the young workers who suffered cut/ open wound and burn injuries wearing the right personal protective equipment? PPE is the last choice in control measures but it is a valuable resource, and must be worn when required. Currently there are some concerns about hand safety and standards compliance for gloves. The lack of consistency in compliance is increasing workers’ risk of injury, and some of the leading glove companies (Uvex, Ansell, Performance On Hand, SafetyMate and Showa Best) have joined forces to address the issue. The companies have formed a new
Occupational Safety in Transport Conference
industry group - Working for a Safer Australia (WSA) - The Glove Standards Compliance Group. The group is pushing for the introduction of independent testing and improved compliance. Read more about hand protection, gloves and WSA’s proposals in this issue’s lead article. If we want to bring down the rate and number of work-related injuries, we need more
Date: 20 September 2012 - 21 September 2012 Venue: Crowne Plaza Gold Coast Visit: www.ositconference.com
such employee- as well as industry-driven initiatives. If you or your organisation has been involved in such initiatives to improve
OSIT2012 will be a multidisciplinary event featuring representatives from road and transport safety, aviation and watercraft, fleets, safety culture and management, construction safety and associated fields. Themes will be varied and cover topics such as: organisational safety culture and management systems; organisational and industry transport risks; use of technologies; interventions and program strategies and evaluation; data-driven interventions and evaluations. The conference is expected to attract a large number of delegates from around Australia and overseas, including fleet managers, workplace health and safety officers, researchers, policy and process developers, engineers, vehicle manufacturers, local and state government representatives and practitioners. Keynote speakers have been drawn from both Australia and overseas, and include: David Jenkins - Vice President Safety & Security, Group HSEC, BHP Billiton; Professor Mike Regan - Centre for Transport and Road Safety Research, University of New South Wales; Professor Narelle Haworth - CARRS-Q.
worker safety, I’d love to hear from you. If you have a good safety story you’d like to share, please send an email to email@example.com.
Mansi Gandhi - Editor firstname.lastname@example.org
In my opinion When looking at workplace injury prevention, I often see a gap between the work done to prevent injury in the first place and the treatment provided once an injury has turned into a WorkCover claim. The most effective injury prevention processes are designed to not only prevent injury from occurring but to also reduce the likelihood of a WorkCover claim occurring. The reality is that even in the best designed workplaces, people injure themselves and many injuries come about after a period of pain or soreness. This piece focuses on two areas most companies need to improve to better prevent injuries and to minimise the likelihood that an injury results in lost time injury or a WorkCover claim. Many studies have been done on designing a safe environment but less work is carried out on ensuring workers are fit for their tasks. Soft Tissue Centre provides detailed pre-employment assessments focused specifically on finding out whether prospective employees are physically capable of carrying out the specific job roles they are being asked to do. The relevant nature of these assessments lead us to fail around one in two a small headache for operations but it avoids a severe migraine when it comes to the costs and resources involved in hiring someone who is likely to have an injury doing what you ask them to do. The assessment results provide a powerful decision-making aid when looking at whether someone is genuinely capable of what they are being hired for or whether different roles/arrangements may need to be established should the company choose to hire the person. The second area often overlooked is to prevent a minor niggle developing into a major injury. This is particularly true of non-work injuries where employees may be discouraged from reporting a small pain that may have been caused outside the working environment, only for it to be aggravated during the course of work activities. Companies taking a narrow view that if it is a non-work injury then they ‘must not go near work’ for fear of a WorkCover claim are missing an opportunity. By taking the enlightened approach of treating all niggles/injuries, companies can benefit from improved employee morale, a stronger audit trail and far less chance of a claim from work aggravating an existing injury. Providing effective treatment to all employee niggles may seem like a large expense, particularly in comparison to various ‘bowl of fruit’ programs such as offering massage therapists, team walking challenges and gym discounts. However, by looking at the bigger picture, when the average cost of dealing with a claim is $50,000 and a serious claim can easily cost hundreds of thousands, early intervention treatment costs easily pay for themselves. In summary, if you want to help employees and your organisation, make sure you employ people physically capable of performing the specific tasks you want them to - use manual therapy to treat any soft tissue discomfort promptly, regardless of how it is caused, and keep detailed, consistent records of the treatment you have provided. Soft Tissue Centre www.softtissuecentre.com.au
A.B.N. 22 152 305 336 www.westwick-farrow.com.au
March 2012 total CAB audited circulation (Aust + New Zealand) 7490 readers (91% personally requested)
Subscriptions: For unregistered readers - price on application ISSN 1447-8277 PP255003/06523
Dr James Murray, Founder and Managing Director, Soft Tissue Centre, Australia’s workplace injury treatment specialists. Murray is an expert in soft tissue injuries resulting from repetitive stress and acute sprain strains. Murray has provided treatment support to the Australasian PGA Tour, Ironman Triathlon and the Sydney Olympics.
46 SAFETY SOLUTIONS - AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2012
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