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MARCH 9, 2012




THE CULTURE PAGE Open to page 16 and close

prompts around the school and featured the students who filled in the blanks. Find out what they’re thinking.

Look around. Little did you know, one of your classmates has an alter ego rangling cattle or recording hits.

IMMIGRATION NATION The journey to becoming an American citizen extends far beyond travel, and it’s unpacked here.

CHEW ON THIS FROM THE It’s smokeless, odorless and inconspicously out on the SIDELINES field. We got experts and students to spit out their stories about chewing tobacco.

[Sports 25]

[Health 23]

the book on an uncultured life with suggestions and stories from these students.


[Feature 12&13]

WRITE IT OUT The West Side Story put up

[In-depth 17-19]

[News 10]


[A&e 16]



Get in the game with these current stats and exciting highlights.

Correction: The Feb. 3 edition erroneously featured a picture of Yotopia instead of Ghurties, which was named the best frozen treat place.



Erica Segre ’12 plays double bass on a swing tune in Symphonic Jazz Band.

EQUITY STATEMENT It is the policy of the Iowa City Community School District not to discriminate on the basis of race, creed, color, religion, national origin, gender, age, marital status, sexual orientation, gender identity, veteran status, disability, or socioeconomic status in its educational programs, activities, or employment practices. If you believe you have (or your child has) been discriminated against or treated unjustly at school, please contact the Equity Director, Ross Wilburn, at 509 Dubuque Street, 319-688-1000.


WSS STAFF MEMBERS EDITORIAL POLICY ELEANOR MARSHALL [Editor-in-Chief] ANNA EGELAND [Design Editor, In-Depth Editor] CAROLINE VAN VOORHIS [Managing Editor] JULIANN SKARDA [Copy Editor] POMBIE SILVERMAN [Copy Editor, A&E Editor] QUENTIN MISIAG [Business Editor, Circulation Manager] BRENNA DEERBERG [News Editor] AMELIA MOSER [News Editor] BLAKE OETTING [Feature Editor] SHIRLEY WANG [Feature Editor] OLIVIA LOFGREN [Profiles Editor] ASHTON DUNCAN [Columns Editor, Social Media Editor, Web Staff] DAN ROTHMAN [Editorial Editor] ABBIE SKEMP [Photographer] FRANK WEIRICH [Photographer] ASHLYNN YOKOM [Artist] OLIVE CARROLLHACH [Artist, Designer] ANSEL LANDINI [Writer, Designer, Web Staff] KATIE MONS [Designer] LEAH MURRAY [Designer] TYLER VOSS [Designer] ADAM CANADY [Webmaster, Photographer] HANNAH RUBLAITUS [Web Manager] ZORA HURST [Web Manager, Artist] GRANT LEONARD [Video Editor, Web Staff] SHAMIS MCGILLIN [Photo Editor for the Web] FATIMA JAYOMA [Web Staff] NATHAN PETERSON [Staff] SARA JANE WHITTAKER [Adviser]

A full copy of the Editorial Policy is available in room 111. The West Side Story reflects the views of the staff and does not represent the school administration, faculty, or student body. Guest articles may be accepted to represent an additional point of view or as part of a collection of reader contributions. The staff will carefully scrutinize all reader submissions. All ads are subject to approval by the business staff. Those that are libelous, obscene or plainly offensive may be rejected. The West Side Story attempts to publish all letters, which must be signed, to the Editors, but may reject submissions due to space limitations, inaccuracy or poor quality. It is the responsibility of the opinion editor to verify authorship. Editors can make minor edits for the sake of clarity, length and grammatical correctness.

The West Side Story staff would like to dedicate Volume 43 to former Sports Editor Caroline Found.



what’s new on: ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT























// VID

hardcore parkour A








Some express themselves through writing or drawing, but Alyssa Robbins ’12 expresses herself through music. A selftaught guitarist by the age of twelve, Robbins is currently working on recording a song that will be on iTunes. Check out the first in a series of independent musicians at West.


a musician’s note


Run! Jump! Flip! See the agility and athleticism of members of an independent group that participate in parkour and free running. Ryan Williams ’12, Efe Lobato-Buendia ’12 and Parker Davis ’12 star in this training day montage of wall running and flips. Parkour is a growing trend and these interested group members train at a local gym in order to fine tune their agility for the streets as well as urban obstacles.



welcome to art class Is your inner artist yearning to break free? Are you wonder-





A //





onship trophy Saturday night after winning their game against Ankeny. Check out for exclusive photo galleries and coverage from the girls’ games as well as coverage from the boys’ games this weekend.

E //

girls’ state basketball The girls’ basketball team took home a State champi-


ing which art courses to register for next year? If so, check out this new video. This web exclusive tours each art class offered at West and includes words of wisdom from current students.




03 WEB





Ingredients: 4 cubes chicken bouillon 1 cup chopped carrots 1 cup chopped onions 1 cup finely chopped celery 1 (20oz) bag of frozen cauliflower florets

1 (12oz) beer 2 cans condensed cream of chicken 1 lb. sharp cheddar cheese

Step 1: In a large pot at medium heat, combine water, beer and bouillon; stir. Add in chopped vegetables and let cook for 15 to 20 minutes.

Step 2:

Add in cauliflower and let sit for 10 minutes. Combine cream of chicken and cheese. Reduce to low heat and mix well.

Craft c rner



Glue the crayons down on the canvas with a hot glue gun.Then heat the crayons with a hair dryer, concentrating on one section at a time. Keep heating until the desired amount of crayon has covered your canvas. Your crayon masterpiece is finished! Set it on newspaper to dry and harden. 04 NEWS

Pick out the pretty colors and arrange them on the canvas. Use glitter crayons if you want to add some sparkle.






HOLD the

SALT America’s ongoing love affair with sodium has taken a surprising turn. A recent study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that the largest source of salt now comes from bread and rollsnot salty snacks like pretzels, popcorn or potato chips. According to Mary Cogswell, a co-author of the report and a CDC se-

nior scientist, “breads and rolls aren’t really saltier than many of the other foods, but people tend to eat a lot of them.” Average sodium consumption in the U.S. is now around 3,300 milligrams and only one in ten Americans meet the teaspoon guideline of 2,300 milligrams. Salt, the most common source of sodium, is a major cause of heart disease and stroke and increases the risk of high blood pressure. Contrary to popular belief, setting aside the salt shaker won’t necessarily help, being that most sodium is added during the preparation of restaurant and processed food.


Ruchira Laroia ’12 is taking being a brainiac to a whole new level - by literally studying the brain. Laroia competed at the National Brain Bee in Baltimore, Maryland, March 4-5, and had made it to the final round as of press time. She qualified for nationals after placing second at the University of Iowa’s State Brain Bee and receiving a $1,000 prize. “One of the bizarre things [my parents] did was that they acted out symptoms so I could diagnose them. … [and] I wouldn’t have known much of anything about the brain if I hadn’t taken Psychology,” she said. She will be tested on her knowledge of brain biology. “The hardest part is, of course, learning all the material, diagnoses and images. It’s really overwhelming, but that kind of complexity which awes and motivates me to learn about the brain and body,” she said.

Speech and debate update The National Forensic League National Tournament will be held June 10-15 in Indianapolis. National qualifiers: dramatic interpretation: Vicky Zhu ’13, Luke Brooks ’12 humorous interpretation: Paul Curry ’14 original oratory: Eleanor Marshall ’12 public forum debate: Rachel Ruback ’13 & Alex Nelson ’13 policy debate: Jeffrey Ding ’12 & Liam Hancock ’12 Alex Klopp ’12& Kai Yan ’14

The Iowa Forensic League State tournament was held March 1-3. State champions: dramatic interpretation: Luke Brooks ’12 humorous interpretation: Paul Curry ’14 original oratory: Eleanor Marshall ’12 policy debate: Jeffrey Ding ’12 & Liam Hancock ’12


Redrawing boundaries



America’s border with Mexico isn’t the only one being fought over. In fact, the Iowa City Community School District’s redistricting battles are back, with changes being considered for the 2013-2014 school year. One proposal seeks to combat overcrowding at North Central Junior High by redirecting Wickham Elementary students to Northwest. The

HOUSE Positively presidential Nine West High seniors have been nominated for the 2011-12 U.S. Presidential Scholars Program: Jeffrey Ding Patrick Tierney Laura Gillespie John Wen Justin Huang Benjamin West David Perlman Linda Xiong Margaret Schultz Theatre West prepares to present:

Almost Maine from behind the curtain:

before the morning when I woke up and you

were just...gone.” In Oregon, a man was sentenced to jail time and a mental evaluation after attacking Toys R Us customers with a light saber in each hand.

Jack Christensen ’14 as Jimmy


“I haven’t seen you since the night

other entails redrawing boundaries between Twain, Wood, Lonfellow and Hills elementary schools to address overcrowding at Wood and even out the percentages of students on free and reduced lunch. The second of two community forums discussing the decisions will be held on March 21 from 7-8:30 p.m. in the Little Theater at Northwest Junior High.

Price at the pump Ah, spring. The birds are chirping, the smell of flowers fill the air and it’s perfect biking weather. At least, it better be because no one can afford gas. In the past few weeks, national gas prices have increased by 20 cents. This price spike is due in part to tension building in the Middle East, particularly


with potentially-nuclear Iran. The EU has already declared an oil embargo on Iran, while Obama is determined to remain diplomatic. Although fuel remains plentiful throughout most of the country, prices are expected to climb steadily throughout the season - providing fuel for debate in the 2012 presidential campaigning season.

What in the World?


In England, police are on the hunt for a man who attempted to rob a bank. After demanding £700,000, the man absentmindedly handed his gun to the teller instead of the sack he intended for the stolen money. Realizing his mistake, he fled.

In New York, a state law prohibits hospitals from discharging patients who don’t have a safe place to go. One such man is now approaching his 13th year as a patient. In Rome, Italy, a 99-year-old man filed for divorce against his wife of 77 years after discovering letters from an affair she had 50 years before.




“This year’s state conference proves that hard work pays off. I’m so proud of the students’ success.” For Sarah Vining ’12, becoming a repeat national qualifier was bittersweet. “This is my final year with BPA but I couldn’t have asked for a better team and a better chapter to travel to the National Leadership Conference with.” The centerpiece to the annual State Leadership Conference is the election of the new State Officers. After constant campaigning, Brooke Stutsman ’13, was elected to serve as the 2013 State Reporter. Individually, she will be in charge of reporting any public information given to her by the local chapters throughout the state. “It feels so great to be the new state reporter. I can’t wait four our first meeting and to start planning FLC [Fall Leadership Conference] and SLC [State Leadership Conference],” Stutsman said after learning of the new position. “I couldn’t be happier of the West High chapter and our accomplishments this year.”

The slogan of “Today’s students. Tomorrow’s business professionals” rang especially loud and clear for West High’s Business Professionals of America (BPA) chapter during the 2012 State Leadership Conference Feb. 26-28 in Des Moines. The annual three-day-long conference is the culmination of a year of hard work for the business-student organization that has been a part of the

West High community for the past 25 years and determines qualifiers for the National Leadership Conference that will be held April 25-29 in Chicago. Thirty of West High’s 78 members took part in the competition - making it the second largest in attendancetrailing only Cedar Rapids Prairie High School in membership. Chapter advisor Diane Fickel couldn’t have been more pleased with the turnout.

Prepared Speech: Meera Ajam ’12 Interview Skills: Alex Young ’12 Advanced Interview Skills: Quentin Misiag ’12, Meera Ajam ’12 Entrepreneurship: Tyler Fridrich ’12 Small Business Management Team: Alexa Hansen ’12, Quentin Misiag ’12, Sarah Vining ’12, Sara Petersen ’12

Stutsman ’13, Rachel Ranard ’13, Erik Griebel ’12, Tim Fleagle ’12 Presentation Management Individual: Chloe Sadler ’12, David Cray ’13 Presentation Management Team: Mariah Clipperton ’14, Keon Hunt ’14, Erin Taber ’14

Correa ’12 Management, Marketing & Human Resource Concepts: Colton Proesch ’12 PC Servicing & Troubleshooting: Colton Proesch ’12 Advanced Word Processing Skills: Colton Proesch ’12

editing, rich media and breaking news.” The West Side Story website was created just two years ago and this year’s web staff includes students Zora Hurst ’13, Fatima Jayoma ’12, Grant Leonard ’12, Shamis McGillin ’12 and Hannah Rublaitus ’12, and the West Side Story newspaper staff also contributes content. Adam Canady ’12, webmaster of the website, cites the use of Twitter, Facebook, flash animation, embedded videos and a print-edition archive as unique characteristics that have contributed to the website’s success.   “This year, we’ve kept things relatively static in terms of design, but focused on making it easier for the staff to post articles. In addition to changes of the actual website, our organizational structure this year is much better. With a dedicated staff of people for exclusive web content, we can cover more news faster - without putting a toll on work

for the print edition,” Canady said. Canady says this year’s goals for the website are to increase the website’s page views and to continue to use social media to share content. The advantages of web coverage include the ability to reach a global audience, use multimedia to enhance coverage and provide immediate coverage of events, according to Canady. “For a sports event, reporters can live-tweet during the game and a photographer can get pictures up immediately following the game. This makes people more likely to look at the content because it’s fresh - it’s still on their mind if they attended the game or it’s timely for people who couldn’t attend,” Canady said. The winners of the Pacemaker award will be announced at the JEA/NSPA National High School Journalism Convention in Seattle on April 14.

National qualifiersExtemporaneous Speech: Ana Maria Global Marketing Team: Brooke

Setting the pace for excellence

BY ANNA EGELAND Advice on how to find a date for prom, coverage of the West High girls’ state basketball game and fast-paced video footage of students performing parkour stunts: these are just some of the latest posts on, the West Side Story’s website. Although the website was created only two years ago, it was recently named one of fifteen finalists in the National Scholastic Press Association Online Pacemaker contest large school category. City High’s website,, is one of 16 websites in the small school category, which is open to schools with under 1,500 students. Both online publications are the only finalists in the state of Iowa. According to a press release from the NSPA, “Entries were judged holistically based on content, design, writing and 06 NEWS




E-BOOKS IN THE LIBRARY? Recently, there have been whispers that eBooks may become available in the school library. Making eBooks available for checkout is expensive, but the West High librarians are working on a solution. “We thought about getting a bunch of Nooks,” said librarian Jill Hofmockel. The possibility of this advancement is out there. However, logistics will keep eBooks from being offered for the time being.



To anyone who’s seen evidence of feline activity in the back parking lot: you’re not imagining things. In fact, a plethora of cats live beneath the temporaries and dine at a neighboring trash can. “I would assume [the trash is] why they’re living [under the temporaries],” said Nathan Price, who works in one of the temporaries. According to Price, the cats are all different, but one thing the cats have in common is that they all look well-fed.


PRE-CALC REQUIRED FOR AP STATS? Some students counting onregistering for AP Statistics may have to recalculate this year due to a new requirement. Pre-Calculus is now considered a prerequisite for AP Stats. “The department feels like students who have completed Algebra II would be better served taking another math class,” said AP Statistics teacher Michelle Larson.





Much ado about nothing

Shakespeare Club lets students show their dramatic sides BY ANSEL LANDINI It has been more than four centuries since “to be or not to be” was the question. Yet, since then Hamlet and many of Shakespeare’s other most enduring plays have been performed again and again for audiences everywhere. In iambic pentameter, Shakespeare has delivered plays about love, comedy and, of course, tragedy. Maybe all the world isn’t a stage - but these West High students have brought Shakespearean theater to the halls of West. Shakespeare club, founded by Evan Woodring ’13 and Shelby Maxwell ’13 is a club devoted to reading and understanding Shakespeare. The club was inspired after reading MacBeth and Twelfth Night in Kerri Barnhouse’s British Literature Honors class. From then on, it became a weekly stage performance in room 122.    The club is centered around reading

Shakespeare because of the love of his work, unburdened by the constraints that would come with reading it in class.    “We read the plays and enjoy them, we don’t have to worry about studying them.  We can just appreciate them for what they’re worth without the pressure of taking a test over it,” Woodring said. In three meetings, they’ve read A Midsummer Night’s Dream and plan to watch the movie. As a start-up the club is doing well, but member Logan Natvig ’13 has higher aspirations for the club. “I want to put on Shakespeare performances to the audience. They’d be pretty minimal, but professional. There wouldn’t be a lot when it comes to costumes or props, but that’s how it was in Shakespearean times. It’s more about audience interaction, and it would give us a chance to teach people what Victorian England was like,” Natvig said.     The club meets Tuesdays after school

Let the games begin Game Dev Club is up and running BY AMELIA MOSER Starcraft, League of Legends, Warcraft: many teenagers have played computer games, but few can say they’ve actually designed them. One of West High’s newest clubs, Game Dev Club, seeks to remedy that. The club was started by West students Paul Yon ’12, Daniel Seabra ’12 and Andy Butler ’12 after Winter Break this school year.     “[We said] let’s teach other people who want to make games like us,” Butler said. “I think one of us [suggested the club] and the other two said ‘oh yeah, I was thinking that.’” Members of Game Dev Club are glad they started it. “My favorite thing is probably hanging

out with friends,” said Rowan McKee ’14. Other members enjoy the opportunity to make games. “I don’t usually get much time to [program games],” said Karsten Anneling ’14. Gamers use programs such as Game


ABOVE: (from left) Shelby Maxwell ’13, Evan Woodring ’13, Liz Scranton ’12, Logan Natvig ’13 and Katherine Axt ’13 enjoy a reading from the comedy A Midsummer Night’s Dream during Shakespeare Club. The club meets Tuesdays in room 122. in room 122. Anyone who is interested in laughing uproariously, acting out a part and learning about the Victorian

era is welcome. You might like the plays, for love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind.

Maker or Java to design their games. While these programs set basic parameters, the bulk of the work is up to the students. At the club, they talk about different strategies to use within these programs

and how to better understand basic game mechanics. Designing these games requires math. Everything from moving characters around to adjusting the cursor’s placement within a window involves geometry – planes, coordinates, angles. And according to Yon, it isn’t as simple as you’d think. “It’s kind of counter-intuitive when you’re making games,” Yon said, referring to the fact that the y-axis is backwards, with negatives above positives. Designers try to make their games seem realistic by using programs with high frames-per-second counts. “Computer screens are optical illusions…everything has to be fluid motion,” Yon said.     Game Dev Club meets in the Computer Science Lab after school on Thursdays.


ABOVE: Paul Yon '12 and Daniel Seabra '12 create code for a game they're working on. Both are members of West's Game Dev club which meets Thursdays after school.



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SPRING BREAK March 12-19

College Fair North Band Room West High Mar. 27 6:30-8 p.m.




DIRECTIONS 1. Combine milk, coffee and syrup in a cup or blender. Mix until uniform in color. 2. Add two or three scoops of ice cream, depending on desired thickness. 3. Blend all together on pulse for four seconds. 4. Make sure not to over-blend, or your milkshake will be watery. Note: If you do not own a blender, mix ingredients in a mason jar and shake to achieve a similar COMPILED BY// OLIVE CARROLLHACH result.


n t he M

Preztel bites



Handful of pretzels 1 bag of chocolate chips peanut butter DIRECTIONS 1. Cover a plate with pretzels. 2. Fill the pretzel holes with chocolate chips. 3. Spread a layer of peanut butter over the top. 4. Stick it in the microwave, and there you have it -- a gooey, chocolaty, peanut buttery snack with a salty twist. COMPILED BY// CAROLINE VAN VOORHIS

idn t ig h




DIRECTIONS 1. Combine all ingredients in a large coffee mug. 2. Whisk well with a fork until smooth. 3. Microwave on high for 1½– 3 minutes. (Time depends on microwave; mine took 2 minutes.) 4. Add heavy cream to the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with a whisk attachment and whip on medium-high speed until almost stiff. 5. Add sugar and beat until heavy cream forms stiff peaks.Top Mug Cakes with whipped cream and a little chocolate sauce, if desired.


½ cup heavy cream 1 Tbsp sugar

BY/ / AS


½ cup of milk ¼ cup of chocolate syrup 2-3 scoops vanilla ice cream (or coffee for an added boost) 1 cup of home-brewed coffee





Nutella cake in a mug

coffee milkshake



4 Tbsp self-rising flour 4 Tbsp sugar 1 egg 3 Tbsp cocoa powder 3 Tbsp Nutella 3 Tbsp milk 3 Tbsp vegetable oil

Are you ever trying to fall asleep, when your stomach starts to growl and threatens to keep you up until you fill it with some food? These snacks will be sure to quiet your belly while satisfying your late night cravings. MARCH 19, 2003: THE WAR IN IRAQ BEGAN. .





What inspires you? What makes you tick? What makes you... you? The West Side Story let you come up with an answer. These posters were placed around the school for students to fill in.


Dreaming of



“You could tell that [the agent] liked Fatima,” Ahmed said. “He liked it and he laughed.” The three girls received phone calls The flashing bulbs of cameras. The screaming fans. the following morning, telling them Many teenagers have dreams they had been selected to audition furof reaching stardom through ther. Upon making the first cut they regisacting, but very few actually realize them. However, Fatima tered for classes from the John Robert Amin ’12, Azza Ahmed ’14 and Powers Acting School. These classes Abbey Ries ’14 are taking a big were essentially rehearsals for the second auditions. The classes lasted from step toward this reality. After hearing an advertise- 6 a.m. until midnight, and continued ment on the radio station “B- until the rehearsal performance. The 100,” Amin and her cousin, performance included modeling, singAhmed, decided to try out to be ing and acting both in a monologue on Disney Channel. Amin and and in a partner scene. From the perher cousin were among 500 oth- formance, five people were selected to er kids and teens who tried out, continue. In July, Amin and Ries will fly and both were among the 30 out to L.A. to attend the International Presentation of Performers (IPOP) people who made the first cut. In the initial auditions, the girls convention with 2,000 other kids and had to perform a monologue in young adults who were selected across front of two agents. Ahmed was the country. Ahmed is graduating early given a Neutrogena commercial after next year, and will attend the IPOP covention the following summer. script for her tryout.



Azza Ahmed ’14

“[My family] made a lot of

sacrifices for me to be able

to do this.” -Abbey Ries ’14

Abbey Ries ’14


[ [ “You could tell

“[IPOP is basically] Disney World for actors,” Amin said. At the convention, there will be many different types of agents, representing a multitude of show business opportunities. Amin will get to choose which contracts she wants to sign under. Under her contracts, Amin will have to perform a monologue, commercial and two runway performances. Family has been important to these three actresses throughout the audition process. “[My mom is] the one who brought [the auditions] to my attention,” Ries said. Originally Ries didn’t want to audition, but her mom signed her up anyways. “[My mom] was very supportive,” she said. “[My family] made a lot of sacrifices for me to be able to do this.” Fatima Amin ’12


that [the agent]

liked Fatima.

He liked it and


he laughed.” - Azza Ahmed ’14





These students have a whole new identity outside West’s walls. Here’s what they’re up to. Lexie Weber ’14

Showing Cattle “You walk [the cow] around in a ring with other exhibitors for a judge who judges up to 3,000 animals and offers prizes like scholarships, equipment or in some cases up to $100,000 cash. It’s not easy and it takes hours and hours both at home and on show days but it’s definitely worth it.”


Mara Stewart ’13

Luke Brooks ’12

Airsoft warfare

Headband design “My mom got me this white headband and I thought it was a little boring, so I got hot glue and added flowers. I really liked it so I got more headbands and used hot glue to add things like ribbon, tulle, buttons and little trinkets I find around my house.”

“You can play Airsoft with as many people as there are guns, which, with my friends has gotten up to about twenty, but on an average day, about six to ten. I like it because it’s a crazy adrenaline rush. It feels like I’m playing Halo and chess at the same time, while still getting outside and putting some cardio in. Not to mention I’ve picked up some skills I never knew I had. I’ve found out, I’m very good at camouflage, much to my friends’ dismay.”

Alyssa Robbins ’12

Song covers

Alyssa Robbins ’12 began covering songs at age 13 and now hopes to have a song on iTunes sometime this month. “I’m not trying to be famous, [playing] is relaxing. I practice two to three hours a day to improve skills and learn different chords.”

Kami Marcussen ’15

Horseback jumper “I started riding horses when I was eight just because I had always loved horses. After years of begging, I finally convinced my parents to let me start riding. It is hard to explain exactly what riding is or how it works because it is so complex and involves to many skills and challenges. There are many types of riding but the type of riding I do is called hunter or jumper, more commonly known as show jumping.”




WANTED Web Editor

Must be: Fluent IN Adobe Creative Suite, WordPress Have Experience with domains such as UNDERSTANDING OF Online web management, including Java Script and HTML coding Understanding of Domain Name system mail exchange and use of FTP

Applications due April 1

Come experience one of the following events hosted by your local organizations March 10-18, 2012 - MYEP-Fastrac Civil Rights Tour

Experience and learn about the Civil Rights Movement by traveling and touring museums, churches, and historically black colleges the leaders attended. Open to all high school students.

April 28, 2012 - Coretta Scott King Scholarship Luncheon

Hosted by the Tau Psi Omega Alumnae Chapter of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. Learn about the extraordinary woman, Coretta Scott King, wife of Martin Luther King Jr., civil rights leader, and world peace advocate. Open to the public. 11:30am - 1:30pm at the University of Iowa Athletics Hall of Fame.

May 19, 2012 - NAACP Youth Empowerment Luncheon

Celebrate the achievements and accomplishments of 2012 African-American high school seniors. Featuring SHIFT Speaker, Azure Antoinette. Open to the public. 11:30am - 1:30pm at the Clarion Hotel in Cedar Rapids, IA.

May 19, 2012 - Student Leadership Conference Unplugged

Did you attend last years’ Student Leadership Conference? Then you know the force that is Azure Antoinette. Well she’s back! Spend the afternoon with this world renown poet and spoken word artist and enjoy a real dialogue discussing issues surrounding today’s youth. Specifically for past attendees of Diversity Focus’ Student Leadership Conferences. Seating is limited for additional students. 2:00pm - 4:00pm at the Clarion Hotel in Cedar Rapids, IA.

Register for all events at

email for more information

Words as Sparks:

The Derek Project 2012 presents: Natasha Trethewey Pulitizer Prize winning author of Native Guard

FREE: April 19

Old Capitol Museum (7-9 pm.)

-author readings -art displays -performances -discussions

Joggin’ For Your Noggin 5K & Fun Run March 31, 2012 Lower City Park, Iowa City HELP RAISE $20,000! FUN RUN: 9 A.M. 5K: 10 A.M.


Discover AP spanish teacher Carmen Gwenigale’s journey from Liberia to Iowa


BY ELEANOR MARSHALL They don’t speak Spanish in Liberia. West Africa’s history speaks volumes in proper English about colonialism and slavery. The gun shots of rebel soldiers spoke louder than any language when the country was ravaged by civil war until 2003. Now, Liberians speak up for peace and reconciliation. And Carmen Gwenigale, raised in Liberia, speaks Spanish. Now the AP Spanish teacher at West High, Gwenigale is known for caring for her students and for Latin American culture. But her childhood remains largely unknown. Walter Gwenigale, Carmen’s father, grew up in a small village in Bong County, Liberia, where a visiting missionary doctor befriended him and helped him pursue medicine. He even received a scholarship to a medical school in Puerto Rico on the condition that he return to Liberia to work at the missionary hospital on the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America (ECLA) compound after finishing his degree. At school, Walter met his wife-to-be and – much to her parents’ chagrin - she accompanied him back to start a family on the secluded compound where Carmen spent her childhood. “Even though we have a mix of cultures [in Puerto Rico], racism exists. My mother’s parents weren’t happy that she was marrying a black man, and a man from Africa for that matter. Puerto Rico is almost crime-free, and 14


they weren’t excited for her to go to Africa. Civil war wasn’t something you had to deal with [in Puerto Rico],” she said. But it soon became an unavoidable reality in Liberia. With bursts of violence in the ’70s and ’80s, it wasn’t until 1989, when Carmen was 13, that true civil war erupted and the United States government began evacuations, eventually summoning her family to safety. “You have half an hour to an hour to pack. We each took just a backpack. We were able to pack a few books and a change of clothes,” Carmen said. Her father, then head of the hospital, chose to stay behind in Liberia for what they all thought would be about two months, but turned into nearly ten years. The civil war was continuous until 1996, and broke out again from 1999-2003, costing almost 300,000 lives: internal bleeding on a national scale that no doctor can hope to sew up, and few would try to. But Walter was on a mission to help. His hospital remained one of the only functioning medical facilities throughout the war, as most missionaries evacuated the country. Although he was closely protected by the government, Carmen said she and her family were faced with the constant uncertainty about his own vital condition. “It got really ugly. This time was the hardest one. So many people got killed. It was the worst not only in length, but brutality. … There were kids whose families were killed.They were eight or


nine years old and forced to fight. … Some kids had to kill their own parents or rape their own parents. They were highly drugged and sent out to war, and they were numb with a gun in their hand and told to kill,” she said. With only their backpacks, Carmen and her mother joined her extended family in Puerto Rico. Her brothers, who found it harder to acclimate to the Spanish schooling, eventually moved in with their godparents – one to Minnesota and the other to Burlington, Iowa. “Where we lived in Liberia was extremely civilized and we were well-todo. We went from having everything in Liberia to living in a two bedroom apartment in Puerto Rico. We went from having chauffeurs in Liberia to my mother working double shifts and taking extra hours. … We were a complete family in Liberia, my brothers and I did everything together. That was the biggest adjustment: learning to live without them. There wasn’t a big culture shock because we went to Puerto Rico every summer,” she said. Meanwhile, Liberia itself underwent an internal culture shock. As the violence has finally subsided, Carmen said the people of Liberia have begun to reconstruct both their infrastructure and mentality – building peace. After the war, her father resigned from the missionary hospital and entered the race for president of Liberia. He backed out before the election and endorsed current president Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s successful campaign, and

was then appointed to her cabinet as Minister of Health and Social Welfare – a position he is still serving. “[Despite the war], he’s still the same person he’s always been, but more driven now to make a change. My dad has to be useful. I think he hasn’t retired yet because he can’t see his life without purpose,” she said. “Neither of my parents are soft people. They raised us to be hard. … Anything we might cry about, he has seen worse,” she said. Carmen attended the University of Puerto Rico, using the sister teaching program with the University of Northern Iowa to reconnect with her brothers, and – after finishing her degree – spent three months in Liberia with her father and the home he kept waiting for her. Then, moving to Iowa City to begin graduate school at the University of Iowa, Carmen soon met and married her husband, became pregnant with her son, Michael, and started teaching at West. Her career path may have been winding, but to those who know her well, teaching was no surprise. In fact, Carmen has been teaching since she was a young girl living in Liberia. “All the kids in my neighborhood would come to the library we had in our house. I would give them a full day of lessons and we’d have recess and I would send them home with homework. … I loved to teach,” she said.



THE ARTIST Michel Hazanavicius, jean dujardin 2011 was the year of nostalgia. From Owen Wilson fraternizing with the Lost Generation in Midnight in Paris to Ryan Gosling bashing in skulls to the 80’sesque pounding synthesizers and neon lights of Drive, nearly every movie to make any cultural impact last year was some sort of tribute to a time passed. Few films, however, embodied this attitude quite as much as The Artist. Directed by Michael Hazanavicius, The Artist tells the story of George Valentin, a silent movie actor. As Valentin begins to develop a relationship with Peppy Miller, an aspiring actress played wonderfully by Berenice Bejo, his livelihood is threatened by the dawn of talkies. Since debuting on the festival circuit last fall, the film has been gathering heaps of critical praise culminat-

ing at this year’s Academy Awards where it won five awards, including Best Picture. All the accolades were well deserved. The Artist itself evokes these early films in that it is in black and white and is nearly dialogue-free, yet it transcends this gimmick. Jean Dujardin, who won a Best Actor Oscar for his work as Valentin, oozes charm and the score from Ludovic Bource is almost a character itself. Yet, for all its ambition, what really makes The Artist work is the pure quality of its storytelling. At its heart, it is a film about change and all the struggles that it creates. The Artist may be a tribute to another time, but its message is just as relevant now. For even more fun, check out the OSS 117 films, a series of James Bond paradise directed by Hazanavicius and starring both Dujardin and Bejo. COMPILED BY// DAN ROTHMAN

HYPERBOLE AND A HALF. BLOGSPOT.COM A person sits alone in the dark, lit only by a computer screen. Tears stream down his face, his mouth is agape, yet no breath escapes. Despite the reddened eyes and look of severe pain, do not pity this man. He simply finds hysterical. Hyperbole and a half is a pseudo web-comic first created by Allie Brosch in 2009. Brosch addresses such topics as her coping mechanism for the grammatical error “alot”, her continuing war with spiders, and how her childhood was nearly destroyed when her mother ate the Easter bunny. Although the blog’s stylistically

childlike drawings evidently created in Microsoft paint do not look like much, Brosch’s scattered and brightly colored style fit her sense of humor. Her creative, perplexing and quite possibly demonic mind transforms the mundane into an adventure. Brosch frequently runs with a simple concept such as a dog’s thoughts on moving, and takes the story into bizarre and uproariously funny territory. Though updates are infrequent, Brosch’s quirky humor helps her maintain an exceedingly devoted internet following. She has spent the past year compiling her various stories and drawings for publication. Her book is set to release fall of 2012. COMPILED BY// OLIVE CARROLLHACH


1650 Sycamore Street, Iowa City After leaving behind its original home at 521 E. Washington Street in downtown Iowa City, Defunct Books, a local bookseller has found a new, larger home on the city’s east side. The well-known Iowa City escape for book lovers moved into the former Walden Books space in the Sycamore Mall on Feb. 3. The business not only sells used books, it also buys any oldies area residents are looking to pass on. Originating out of Spokane, Washington, owner Gregory Delzer re-located the business to Iowa City in 2007 and today features over 100 different categories including Iowa history, mys-

tery, science fiction and even college-level textbooks. “The prices range anywhere from a few dollars up to a couple thousand,” Delzer said, adding that the business’ ease of accessibility within a shopping mall distinguishes it from the competition. Delzer believes the success of the business can also be attributed to the Iowa City area’s love of literature and the strong support of local bookstores including local mainstay, Prairie Lights. “It all began with them [Prairie Lights]. Other booksellers try to support them, as well as they support us by buying books from us.” PHOTO & COMPILED BY// QUENTIN MISIAG

BREAKFAST-CHIDDY BANG Back in 2010, Philadelphia rap duo Chiddy Bang exploded onto the scene with their hit single “Opposite of Adults,” an MGMTsampling ode to childhood. Now, with the release of Breakfast, their first full-length album, the duo

remains as fun as ever. Whether its the video game-sampling “Handclaps and Guitars” or the peppy choral arrangements of “Ray Charles,” Breakfast makes up for its lack of emotional complexity with witty lyrics and infectious beats. COMPILED BY// DAN ROTHMAN

March 29, 1973: The U.S. withdrew from vietnam.

15 A&E



Music masters

From our orchestra to choir to band, West High is bursting with musical talent. Check out these standout musicians. BAND



Katie Harper BY HANNAH RUBLAITUS Music is life. We all have a soundtrack, and Katie Harper ’13 sings hers. “Choir means the world to me. I don’t know what I’d do without it because basically all my extracurricular activities have something to do with choir, and if not choir, music,” Harper said. Harper was encouraged by her parents, who both sang and introduced her to a variety of music at a young age. “I just started singing along to CDs [my parents] bought because I listened to them so many times,” Harper said. In addition, Harper joined her church choir at a young age. “I think [the churchgoers] might have started to get annoyed with me because I was singing all the time,” Harper said. Harper has achieved extraordinary honors all year, from making the Iowa All-State Chorus, Goodtime Company, Iowa State Honor Choir and the Iowa City West Chorale, belting Soprano one. Harper believes that choir is “a wonderful learning experience.” Harper is happy she became involved. “It has helped me gain more self-confidence and make friends whom I couldn’t live without. So basically, choir is my life...It really is an escape for me, a way to unwind and to relieve any stress I’m feeling,” she said. Harper believes she will continue her pursuit of all things musical once she is out of college. She plans to major in music and be heavily involved with the choir. 16 A&E A head of red curls isn’t the only thing that makes freshman floutist and piccolo player Gabriela Nisly stand out. In addition to holding a chair in West’s top band, Wind Ensemble, she is also heavily involved in the entire music program. She participates in the Symphony, Chamber and Pit Orchestras as well as multiple honor bands with the most prestigious being the band for the Iowa All-State Music Festival. “I really liked getting to hear the all of the All-State groups and getting to meet and work with all of these really talented musicians ... Mr. Medd listened to my [audition music] and helped to keep my confidence level up,” she said. Nisly’s involvement with music dates back to first grade piano lessons, but her path to the flute held a couple of twists and turns. “I started flute in fourth grade because I’d wanted to play it since I was little… [but I] quit because I was too small ... [By] fifth grade I was tired of flute and wanted to play clarinet... because I had already started a little early, I kind of knew how to play it, and there weren’t enough people that wanted to play the flute, so [I did],” she said. When Nisly is listening, rather than preforming, she enjoys mostly classical music. “I don’t have a favorite composer or style yet, but I really like Taffanel and Rimsky-Korsakov … It’s mostly classical, even though I do like other styles of music,” Nisly said. She says she is looking forward to the next three years of sitting in the front row of the band. “I really like being in Wind Ensemble because the music is more challenging and you really get to know lots of people from different grades, it got me out of the little freshman bubble. Also, there are a lot more opportunities for me as a musician,” she said.


Colleen De Matta BY POMBIE SILVERMAN Sometimes orchestra musicians can get a little high strung. But for Coleen de Matta ’15, the bass is an instrument of relaxation - a way to escape daily stresses, no strings attached. Although de Matta has been playing bass for three years now, she originally started out on the violin. In addition to the violin, de Matta also plays piano and electric bass. She is widely involved in music at West, participating in Jazz band, show choir and the West High Symphonic Strings. With a busy schedule, de Matta practices the bass in order to relieve stress. “[When playing the bass], I just get lost in time. Nothing else matters while I get sucked into playing.Whatever I feel in that moment, try to play and try to play the piece according to my mood,” de Matta said. “Just being able to make music is really cool. You can control it. It’s just all in you.” De Matta not only relies on her teacher, Gary Palmer, for inspiration, but is also inspired by also by listening to others. “I listen to many bands, but Koplant No is one of my favorites; they play modern jazz. Just the way they play, I can feel their emotions and connect to the tenor. On weekends just put them on and lay down and enjoy it.” De Matta also prefers to listen to classical, with Dvorak as her favorite composer. According to De Matta, listening to Dvorak helps with her technique. Not only does de Matta listen to music on her iPod, but also as a member of a live audience. “We’re a pretty musical family,” de Matta said. “On weekends we often watch the Quad City Orchestra play.” With her sister, Leah de Matta’12, playing clarinet, Leah and Colleen often rely on their parents for support. “My parents have played a big part in my life. They have had to adjust to our musical life, but they provide plenty of support by taking us to all of our concerts, paying for our supplies - they are kind of like my patron,” de Matta said.



Iowa is home to upwards of three million people, with roughly 68,000 residents right here in Iowa City. And although it may not seem like a hub of diversity and it couldn’t be less of a border state, Iowa is home to a surprising array of citizens from all countries of origin - and each took a different path here.


In the news

t’s not just in Arizona or Texas, California or on the news. Iowa has been uniquely affected by immigration - starting with westward expansion and continuing through recent legislation and the stories of residents, documented or not. In early February of this year, Indianola Representative Julian Garrett of the Iowa legislature proposed a bill allowing anyone to report employers hiring undocumented workers. The bill proposes putting Iowa businesses found with an undocumented worker on payroll on probation and requiring businesses to screen potential employees through E-Verify, a federal system that checks an employee’s legal work eligibility. If found with another undocumented worker within three years, the business would be denied a license to operate in Iowa. The bill would also enforce consequences for reporting false or ungrounded complaints. Rep. Garrett believes the bill would eliminate unfair competition between businesses that hire undocumented and cheaper labor and those that do not. Across the nation, similar bills have been enacted, aiming at deterring businesses from hiring undocumented workers rather than conducting raids in reaction to hirings, such as those that occurred in Marshalltown and Postville.

[ ]

Some communities - including Iowa City - are trying to support undocumented residents by becoming sanctuary cities, meaning that local enforcement adopts a “don’t ask, don’t tell, don’t enforce” policy on immigration. Local resources wouldn’t be used to enforce federal immigration laws, but federal enforcement would still be in place. “Sanctuary” aims to enable undocumented residents to receive aid from police and get medical attention without fear of the consequences of being undocumented. Iowa City’s recent proposals to transform the community have failed. West High is a sanctuary in and of itself, however. The ELL (English Language Learners) classes specially cater programs to students who are new to the United States or just English. “I have had a handful of undocumented students in my classes, that I know of,” said ELL instructor Kelsey Jacobs. “I make it a point not to ask about students’ legal statuses, for the privacy and safety of my undocumented students. If they want or need me to know, they’ll tell me. “


In Iowa

chools were counting down the days before winter break in Marshalltown. It was 2006 and over a million people had protested then-current immigration legislation

just months before - no one expected the raid. Swift & Co. meatpacking plants were raided by Federal immigration agents across six states, and Marshalltown was

bye to so many students in a matter of minutes or hours and not knowing if I would ever see them again or know if they were going to be okay. ... Listening to people in the community talk

“ I had students who

WERE Terrified

To Come to School for fear

that other family members

would disappear

during the day and they would

never see them again. -Shirley Mann

one of many places thrown into turmoil, garnering mixed reactions from both the local media and residents. “[The Marshalltown raid in 2006] was very detrimental to the health of our community because part of the community felt the raid was a good thing where the other part felt it was a terrible thing to happen,” said Marshalltown resident and former third grade teacher at Woodbury Elementary School, Shirley Mann. “Just having to say good-

about the raid was hard because I knew how hard it was on the children. Mann explained that some Marshalltown students stayed in hiding for several days because families were afraid federal agents would raid the schools. “All day long on the day of the raid families came to take their children and either run or hide,” Mann said. “I had students who were terrified to come to school for fear that other family members would disappear during the day

and they would never see them again.” Some students lost both parents in the raid leaving them orphaned and in the care of other family members. At least one student had no other family and other families took them in, Mann added. Almost every affected student left Marshalltown after the raid, either before or after graduation.


At West

ore than 2,000 students and faculty members spend Monday through Friday at West. For many, Iowa City has not always been home. One past West High graduate who wishes to remain anonymous speaks about her experiences in Iowa as an illegal immigrant. “I would love to be [a legal immigrant], but when it comes right down to it I was born in Mexico. I’ve lived in

the United States for 16 years, and not one year has been legal,” she said. Without attaining citizenship, immigrants do not have access to legal documents that are necessary to go about normal facets of life such as receiving a driver’s license or setting up a bank account. “Everything is harder without papers. It’s like I don’t have an identity if I don’t have a social security number,” she said. Savantha Thenuwara ’13 and her family decided to migrate to the United States from Sri Lanka for educational opportunities and were granted U.S. citizenship. “We decided to migrate because my mother always had a job at the hospital as an anesthesiologist and we would have a greater chance of getting into a good university here than in Sri Lanka where only the top 5% of the students can go the university,” she said. While Thenuwara immigrated in order to access opportunities, those with

illegal statuses struggle to receive any of the benefits available to citizens. “[Illegal immigrants] aren’t stealing

Savantha Thenuwara ’13 the American dream by being here. I haven’t seen any white picket fences or backyard swimming pools since I’ve gotten here - just work. Hard, tortur-

ous work everyday, all the time. If that’s the American dream then the American dream is really shitty,” anonymous said. Jacobs spoke of her experiences working with both documented and undocumented U.S. immigrants in ELL and beyond. “The United States was founded and initially populated by immigrants. I think many people take pride in the diversity that immigration brings to our country,” Jacobs said. “I think many people admire immigrants and view the experiences they bring to the table as assets. However, there are certainly people who dislike receiving immigrants into the United States, which I think is caused by ignorance that leads to fear.”



Blake Manternach ’13 What’s it like playing for the Johnson County Landmark (JCL)? I started at the beginning of second semester, so I haven’t been doing it long. I play second part trombone. I get butt-kicked a lot because it’s so much more challenging. It’s different because everyone is really into it, it’s a whole higher level to Jazz Band. I started because I knew John Ropson, who is the head of the Jazz department and he asked me to join. What’s Jazz of America? How did you get involved? A lot of people try out. In the fall, like October or November, I was encouraged to send in a video and they selected four trombones out of the entire nation. It felt pretty cool to be chosen. A friend of mine from Waukee, Iowa, was also chosen as a trombonist and another friend of mine from Des Moines was chosen for trumpet. We all meet up in Indianapolis over spring break. It’s just a one week thing, but we rehearse all week. There’s banquets and then we play a final concert. They actually just emailed me the music that we’ll play for [Feb. 21] and we’re just supposed to listen to it. But it’s no problem with such killin’ musicians. Why do you like Jazz? What’s your favorite kind? I like how expressive it is. I love to listen to it and practice it. I love the element of improv and there are just so many different elements and varieties of jazz, a little something for everyone. A lot of people think of Duke Ellington when they think jazz, but I like some newer jazz more right now. There’s these guys in their twenties now that COMPILED BY// ANSEL LANDINI PHOTO BY// ADAM CANADY

20 A&E


play newer, more emotionally communicative jazz. I’m not really into the big bands, I like smaller combos like Ambros Akinmusire and Walter Smith III. One of my favorites right now is Robert Glasper because he plays like “hip-hop” jazz. How often do you practice? It really varies from day to day but I try to practice around one to four hours a night. Some of that includes just listening though. I also transcribe music. On weekends I try to practice at least four hours, but sometimes I practice a lot more. Unfortunately, I don’t get the best sleep though; I’m usually in bed around one and then up at six. Keep in mind, though, I don’t practice for hours straight; I have to take breaks to avoid busting my lips open. Do you ever get nervous performing? I used to get very nervous because I didn’t know what I was doing on stage. I’d get nervous out of my mind for solos. Now I know what I’m doing so it’s not so bad. Performing is more fun, you do all this practicing and then when you get up there it’s all in the moment. You forget everything you had practiced the night before and just go with it. It’s a lot more fun [than practice]. How often do you perform? West has three to four concerts a year, so I have those in jazz band. We used to have a combo that would do gigs at restaurants and stuff, but most of the others graduated last year. Now I just play when anything comes up. I just started in JCL and we have two to three concerts next month already. Soon there will be a lot of concerts like SIEBA and Jazz of America.

pumped up


tre goode ’12

Before races, hurdler Tre Goode grabs his iPod and gets in the zone with these tunes:

“Ni**as in Paris,” Jay-Z & Kanye West “‘Till I Collapse,” Eminem & Nate Dogg “The Show Goes On,” Lupe Fiasco “Over,” Drake



Tre Goode ’12


Emily Carpenter ’13


my life in a column:

emily carpenter ’13

the reader

margaret shultz ’12 Favonius editor and literary enthusiast Margaret Shultz shares her favorite reads.

The Rain in the Trees BY W.S. MERWIN It’s difficult to accurately describe Merwin’s poems – they are musical, rich in texture but slight in form, deeply, subtly melancholy, and elusive but still satisfying. As in the poem “Night Above the Avenue” where “away from the windows the dark interiors/of their bodies have been opened to lights,” The Rain in the Trees sheds a kind of light on the dark interiors of human emotion.

Beloved BY TONI MORRISON Beloved is based on a true story about a woman who killed her baby in order to keep her from growing up in slavery. Morrison’s prose is some of the most poignant and heartbreaking I’ve every encountered-if you don’t cry while reading this book you have no soul.

Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair BY PABLO NERUDA

Pablo Neruda is my favorite poet – every single poem he’s ever written is breathtakingly, mind bogglingly amazing, but if you haven’t got the time to slog through his collected works, I recommend Twenty Love Poems and A Song of Despair. Written when Neruda was only twenty years old, these poems are fresh, passionate, desolate and most of all rapturously alive.

Salvage the Bones BY JESMYN WARD With bitter, knife-sharp images and an empathetic but realistic eye, Ward depicts the twelve days leading up to Hurricane Katrina from the perspective of a pregnant, mythology obsessed fifteen year old girl living in rural Louisiana. Although some parts of the book, especially the dog fighting scenes, were hard to stomach, it was overall brilliantly written, intense and emotionally engaging. COMPLIED BY//ANNA EGELAND

I’ve been interested in art for as long as I can remember. I love every kind of art, but photography really seemed to suit me. I love to document things, but I hate writing and, as they say, a picture is worth a thousand words. I love to draw, but I never seem happy with drawing because I could never make it look exactly the same as what I saw, with photography I can show every detail perfectly. When I do something that I love I always put everything that I have into it, I always try to make everything perfect or the closest thing to it. My most recent project was for class, it was on this winter and what nature looks like when there isn’t any snow. All of the pictures were taken in my neighborhood and backyard. Every couple of weeks I go and take photos of the woods behind my house and I decided to do a project on nature because it’s odd that [right now] there isn’t any snow and you’re able to see what the plants look like during the winter. I like experimenting with different lighting, composition and subjects because I like to see

what techniques work and finding new ways to look at things. I use a digital camera because I can see how a picture is going to turn out and see what I could change about the photo. It’s also easier to edit photographs, a lot less time consuming and is more eco-friendly than shooting with a film[35mm] camera. I try to go out on photo-walks every couple of days or days when I have a lot of time, even when the weather is bad I will still go to a room in my house and just spend 30-40 minutes taking photos of things from odd angles to get a new perspective. My passion is definitely in nature photography, the plants and animals tend not to care if I take their picture and it’s less awkward if I try to get a really obscure angle of them.


21 A&E


Learn about how anxiety affects West High students BY AMELIA MOSER Fear. The racing heartbeat, the clammy hands, the nauseous stomach. This is the emotion built into the human system to protect us from the dangers around us – until it itself becomes a danger. Anxiety disorders can affect people of all ages, in all situations – including students at West High. “Anxiety is a fear state…we’re supposed to experience,” said Dr. Scott Temple, a clinical psychologist and Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine. He went on to explain that anxiety is what tells us to run away, and what compels us to get out of threatening situations. The problem occurs when this state of fear becomes far out of proportion to the actual threat. “[Anxiety occurs when you’re] overestimating a threat and underestimating the ability to cope with it,” Temple said. Karin*, a student at West, experienced symptoms of extreme anxiety when she signed up for a rigorous class schedule at the beginning of the 2011-2012 school year and got overwhelmed. “I…was trying to get every point I could…I got too stressed out from sleep deprivation,” Karin said. According to Karin, it got to the point where she said she had dropped a lot of weight and had become physically ill. Karin’s parents took her to the hospital when she developed what she described as “mono-like symptoms.” “My body shut down on me,…I was [at the hospital] for three hours,… enough for them to pump IV stuff through me,” she said. The IV fluids worked. “I felt a lot better,” Karin said. While recovery from her symptoms of mono took over a week, her doctor’s orders were effective: Karin was given antibiotics (as a preventative measure), told to drop her two most difficult courses and to go to sleep by 10 p.m. every night. 22 HEALTH

“You have to learn how to balance yourself,” she said. Tim*, another student at West, has been having similar anxiety-related problems. “I haven’t really been diagnosed, but I went to the doctor’s…because I’ve been throwing up…they said it’s all stress-related,” he said. Completing all the work involved in a busy high school schedule is a stress for Tim. “[I get anxious] basically during the day, and during running,…I worry, ‘How am I going to get all this done?’” he said. Symptoms he experiences include jitters, headaches and nausea. “My doctor told me to see a therapist…so I can relieve some stress…they told me to get a ton more sleep because I guess that helps,” he said. Lisa*, a third student at West, was diagnosed with depression and anxiety last year at age 16. She described experiencing her heart racing, and she “feels like [she’s] going to pass out.” “I take Prozac and it keeps things stable for the most part…[but] I don’t want to say I rely on it,” she said. Different situations cause her anxiety. “I’ve experienced these panic attacks when I was walking in the hallways… but mostly in stressful situations,” she said. There are several other anxiety disorders, with different symptoms from those Karin, Tim and Lisa experienced. These include obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and panic disorder. “They basically are, at heart, an overestimation of threat,” Temple said. People diagnosed with anxiety disor-


ders have multiple options in front of them, including medications. “[Medications] can blockade…or dampen that fear arousal,” Temple said. According to Temple, it may take more than just medication to mitigate extreme anxiety. He said that unless people learn different coping strategies, the anxiety will come back when they stop taking the medication. Aside from medication, there is also psychotherapy. “[Therapy] requires people to face fears and different ways of understanding fears,” Temple said. But facing your fears can be more difficult than it seems. “People will avoid any situations that


cause fear arousal…like even thinking about stuff…[they] end up avoiding lots of things that are important,” he said. According to Temple, cognitive behavior therapies can help with these issues, by encouraging people to recognize the threat they believe in is harmless. Anyone who is experiencing symptoms related to the ones above, or who feels their anxiety and stress levels are getting out of control, should contact their counselor or a doctor for further information. *Names have been changed.




TOBACCO? “Horrible. That’s not cool at all. To b a c c o ’ s bad and makes your teeth all grody.” Brendan Clements ’15




The unexpected negative affects chewing tobacco can have on your body.



“I’ve heard you can lose your teeth if you chew it long enough.”


You can call chewing tobacco by whatever name you want — snuff, pinch or dip — but don’t call it harmless. According to the Mayo Clinic, chewing tobacco can cause esophageal cancer and various types of oral cancer, including cancers of the mouth, throat, cheek, gums, lips and tongue. Chewing tobacco can also cause forms of tooth decay, because “chewing tobacco contains high amounts of sugar, which contributes to cavities.” The most common form of chewing tobacco, known as snuff, consists of shredded tobacco leaves and is administered by placing the tobacco between the lower lip and gum. Another common form of chewing tobacco, known as chew or chaw, consists of loose tobacco leaves that are sweetened and packaged in pouches. A wad of the tobacco is placed between your cheek and gum and is held there for hours at a time. One junior, who wishes to remain anonymous, says he started to chew tobacco in order to get a buzz. He says he started chewing tobacco the same way the majority of students do: friends offered it to him, he tried it once and

liked it. After using chewing tobacco for almost two years now, he claims Copenhagen Strait - his preferred brand - doesn’t produce the same effects as it used to. Now he simply chews to relieve stress. “I chew about six times every day, 45 minutes at a time. Sometimes I [chew

tobacco] at school,” he said. “My teeth have shifted a bit, but I haven’t noticed any color change in my teeth.” He hasn’t noticed any negative health affects - except for one problem: addiction. “My girlfriend doesn’t like it, so I’m trying to stop,” he said. “If you’re not addicted [to chewing tobacco], don’t do it.” While he believes chewing tobacco

is a problem, he doesn’t “feel the need to fix it right now. It doesn’t affect me like smoking tobacco and doesn’t hurt others, because there’s no secondhand smoke. Plus [chewing tobacco at West High] is not as big of a problem as marijuana or drinking.” However, according to West High MECCA Counselor Levi Kannedy, while only 6% of eleveth graders in Johnson County chew tobacco, as opposed to the 38% who smoke tobacco, chewing tobacco is just as dangerous as smoking, a common misconception. Kannedy says the health effects of chewing versus smoking tobacco are relatively the same: effects range from throat cancer to heart disease to cavities. “Students will chew tobacco instead of smoking because they think it’s safer, when it’s actually not. You can’t detect chewing tobacco as well because it doesn’t make your clothes smell and you can keep it a bit more secretive,” Kannedy said. In addition, according to Kannedy, students tend to lose sight of the harmful effects of chewing tobacco. “To eradicate chewing tobacco, students lose sight that chewing tobacco is just as dangerous to one’s individual health as smoking. It doesn’t have as big of a campaign as smoking, but it can cause just as much damage.”

Micayla Nicks ’15 “Some poeple do it cause it helps them cut weight. It helps people cope with emotions and helps people take Kellen Yoder ’12 the edge off.”

“It’s seen as cool, but it’s not as healthy as you’d think.”

Bernhard Von Rabenau ’13




Rising Stars



Wilson sprints with top runners in the state BY CAROLINE VAN VOORHIS


Kiana Wilson ’15 (right) runs with fellow sprinters McKennan Cronbaugh ’13 and Courtney Dauber ’13. After attending the national Hershey track meet with Cronbaugh three years ago, they are finally running together again.

Most runners’ track careers start once they reach junior high. A majority have never run competitively and go out to have fun and spend time with friends. For freshman Kiana Wilson, however, her track career started much differently. Wilson decided to participate in the local Hershey track meet the summer after sixth grade. She advanced to the state meet, where she qualified to run the 100 meter dash at the national Hershey meet in Pennsylvania. Although they were in different age groups and didn’t compete against each other,Wilson’s roommate was West High sprinter and several time state champion McKennan Cronbaugh ’13. Now, three years later, they are finally getting

the chance to run together. “It’s a great opportunity [to run with top sprinters in the state such as Cronbaugh]. I look up to them, and they make me try harder and run faster,” Wilson said. Wilson still runs the100 meter race, but has also added 200 meter, the occasional 400 meter and long jump to her repertoire. In addition to track, she plays volleyball and was a competitive gymnast for seven years. However, she mainly focuses on track now. “I feel like that’s more of my gift,” Wilson said. After suffering an Achilles injury last year that kept her from competing on the Northwest track team, Wilson is back and excited for her running career as a Trojan. “I’ve always wanted to do track in high school, since my sisters ran [at West],” said Wilson.

Although the girls track team has had no meets (at press time), Wilson’s practices are pointing toward a bright future. She placed fourth in the 50 meter time trial, after juniors Courtney Dauber and Cronbaugh and senior Rebecca Tanner, and has caught the attention of her coaches and teammates. “I think [Kiana is] a talented freshman. She reminds me a lot of McKennan as a freshman,” said head coach Mike Parker. Cronbaugh agreed that she is full of talent, and is excited for what she can bring to the team this season. “So far in practice, Kiana has exhibited the potential to be a great long jumper and we have a good connection with hand-offs. She will bring speed, a positive, upbeat energy and more first place medals [to the team].”

BY BLAKE OETTING We have many talented athletes at West: runners, swimmers and ball-players alike. Some of these students are focused on one sport, while a few lend their talents to multiple programs. Even fewer of these athletes are freshman who play multiple sports. However, David DiLeo ’15 is one of these freshmen who participates in two sports: tennis and basketball. Tennis seems to run in the DiLeo family. In fact, his mom, West High guidance counselor and former girls tennis coach Kay DiLeo, is the reason David was initially interested in the sport. “[I started] around the age of four or five, mostly because my mom played in college and as a kid. I kind of just picked it up,” DiLeo said. Although basketball utilizes 24 SPORTS

more players, DiLeo recognizes that a team is just as important on the tennis court. “Tennis is still your individual match, [but] your match means something to a team. But in basketball you work as a team to score,” DiLeo said. That’s not to say that DiLeo overlooks the team aspect of tennis. He has grown up playing with many of the older players and is excited to bond with the team during the upcoming tennis season. “A lot of people have been nice to me; they are very welcoming and seem excited to have me on the team. [I’m excited] to compete as a team, ... and to hang out with the team,” DiLeo said. DiLeo is hoping to use his tennis skills and some of the experience he garnered this year to bring the 2011 runner-ups the state cham-


pionship trophy. “I want to win conference and state and go undefeated. [Personally] I would like to play top six and win every match,” DiLeo said. West High tennis coach Mitch Gross has recognized DiLeo’s talent and has great hopes for him for years to come. “Three things are going to make him good. One, his athleticism, two, his size and lankiness, and three, being the son of a coach, he knows the importance of a coach and of practice,” Gross said.

David DiLeo ’15 practices his serves at the Hawkeye Tennis and Recreation Center. DiLeo has been playing tennis since he was four years old, and will be vying for a spot on the varsity team this year.


DiLeo carries on the West tennis tradition

date e h t e v Sa rch 9 5p.m. Arena 3:1


a s Fargo Friday, M te at Well inter Tour etball Sta

Boys Bask pics State Mid-W lym Special O f Iowa iversity o at the Un 10 o Arena y, March Saturda all State at Wells Farg r Tour te tb e in Boys Bask pics State Mid-W lym a Special O f Iow iversity o at the Un 12 4:30pm , March Monday MVC Indoor at UNI k c s me Boys Tra oors at A k ISU Ind Girls Trac 13 0pm , March Tuesday VC Indoor at UNI 4:0 M k Girls Trac

20 , March Tuesday tate Indoor at UNI ls Track-S

West High students Ally Disterhoft ’13 and Tatum Klein ’12 made up one third of the class 4-A all tournament team. The other players include Britney Boland from Waukee, Caitlin Ingle from Southeast Polk, and Krista Pettepier, and Maddie Manning.


m o Fr the

By the numbers wrestling COMPILED BY// ABBIE SKEMP


Number of major decisions* of Gradey Gambrall ’12.


The number of take downs by Dakota Bauer ’12 -- the highest on the team by 85.


The best win to loss ratio for the varsity wrestling team, held by Justin Koethe ’12. Number of total individual wins



Long jump state champion McKennan Cronbaugh ’13 was ranked tenth in the nation among sophomore 4A girls for her performance last spring at Drake Stadium, where she jumped 18 feet;10.5 inches. “Since it was my first season for long jump, Mckennan I’d say it was a big accomCronbaugh ’13 plishment. I hope to jump 19 feet this season,” Cronbaugh said. COMPILED BY// POMBIE SILVERMAN

Signed, sealed, delivered

These seniors signed to keep competing in college.

* a major decision is when a match is won by 14-18 points

Charles Rogers Justin Koethe Dakota Bauer Anna Pashkova Mckenzie Piper Shelly Stumpff Olivia Fairfield Alex Troester Emma Winstead Brenna Gray Jessica Shull Tatum Klein Brianna Sturtz Phillip Laux Jack Hathaway Richard Bryant Mondo Williams Anthony Brown Shahana Williams Mackenzie Haight Griffin Reed

Iowa State University of Wisconsin Iowa State Gardner-Webb University University of Illinois Wingate West Point Drake University Drake University Upper Iowa University South Dakota SM & T Minnesota State University Mount Mercy College University of Wisconsin Oregon State Iowa Central CC Iowa Western CC Iowa Western CC Kirkwood CC Indian Hills CC Ashford University

Football Wrestling Wrestling Volleyball Basketball Volleyball Volleyball Soccer Soccer Soccer Basketball Softball Softball Wrestling Wrestling Football Football Football Basketball Softball Basketball






A state of euphoria BY ADAM CANADY After tying the game with 20 seconds left, the Women of Troy won the State championship in overtime last Saturday to mark the first 4A girls’ basketball state championship West has ever earned. Along with the girls, the boys’ team is well on its way to success. As of press

time, the boys were scheduled to play Waukee on March 8 at the Wells Fargo Arena in Des Moines. Be sure to check out coverage of the boys’ tournament and photo galleries of the girls’ games at Follow @wsspaper for live coverage.


ABOVE: Lining himself up for a shot, Myzeah Batie-Gaddy ’13 fights through Davenport West defenders to sink the ball. TOP LEFT: Jessica Shull ’12 shoots a free-throw during the fourth quarter. Shull made four of six free throws and scored a total of seven points during the State Championship game on March 3rd at RIGHT: Dr. Arganbright talks to members of the student section near the end of the state quarterfinal game. The student section decided to “black out” the game, wearing all black attire. 26 SPORTS




LEFT: West junior Ally Disterhoft sneaks past a City defender to get in position for a layup. West won the quarterfinal game 55-52 and Disterhoft scored seven points. BOTTOM RIGHT: Shahana Williams ‘12 defends Ankeny’s Maddie Manning, a senior and captain of their team. The March 3 game coincided with Williams’ birthday. Williams played for 20 minutes in the game. TOP RIGHT: Dondre Alexander ’13 performs a stunning breakaway, allowing the Trojans to add two more points to the score. The Trojans ended up winning the regional game against Davenport West 66-30. BELOW: Tatum Klein ’12 shoots a three-pointer. At the Feb. 29 quarterfinal game against City, she made three of her five three-point shots and scored 18 points total. PHOTO BY//ADAM CANADY

“There are no words

to describe that moment. A sense of

relief, shock, and


overwhelmed me. For a minute I



know what happened,



seemed like it was in



-Tatum Klein ’12 about her three-pointer that took the championship game into overtime.



Been to A Novel Idea lately? Next book discussion: The Fault In Our Stars Mar. 29 at 2:30 p.m.

(under the West High library skylights)

IRL, Edward would be arrested for stalking It’s NOT romantic

vior includes: Stalking beha eone Following som eone's car to m so Disabling r movement prevent thei use someone ’s ho Breaking into ep em sle to watch th 0 00

ne • 335-6 24 hr Crisis Li

It’s NOT okay RVAP: Responding to Sexual Abuse and Harassment Since 1973


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Now accepting bookings for graduation parties

Redfern serves up this tennis season


BY BLAKE OETTING It’s March. And with West High’s spring athletic teams readying themselves for their seasons, we can expect another trimester of eventful sports campaigns. Tennis is one of the spring sports that will be participating in the action. Both teams earned second place finishes in the state tournament last year and hope to continue that trend of achievement in the 2012 season, but this time with new leadership. Rich Redfern, a former West High student and tennis player, will be taking over for the head girls’ coach - succeeding the longtime coach and state champion head coach Kay Dileo. However, Redfern is adapting well and is ready to take on the successful program. “Everyone here has been so helpful and made me feel so welcome. Kay is one of the best coaches I’ve seen and I look at the chance to continue to develop this program as a responsibility and an honor,” Redfern said. With the help of his former teacher and coach, Mitch Gross, Redfern hopes to continue the success that West High tennis has come to expect in the past. Redfern isn’t just excited about the possibility of success though, he is also

ready for the opportunity to coach something he has always loved to do. “Coach Gross has been extremely helpful in answering any and all questions I’ve had. I consider him a mentor and friend and look forward to being colleagues. I’ve always enjoyed teaching tennis and West has a tradition of excellence that I want to help in building,” Redfern said. Redfern feels that the experiences he had with high school athletics have been beneficial and he hopes to foster the same sort of feelings in his new students. “I think anyone learns a lot about themselves through athletics. For me, the ability to understand what’s going on in a player’s head, especially in match situations, is helped by the fact that I played high school tennis,” Redfern said. That’s not to say Redfern isn’t expecting the defending runner-ups to catch fire this season. Despite West losing their number one and two singles players and state champions last season, Redfern is anticipating the same sort of success with this year’s team. “[My expectations are] to continue to be a strong presence in the Mississippi Valley Conference.  There are a lot of stacked teams out there, but I think this team has a chance to surprise a lot of

people,” Redfern said. Even though this is Redfern’s first time coaching a high school team, he is ready for the season, and for more to come. “I think one of the strengths in West’s

tennis program is the stability it’s had. I look to continue that,” Redfern said.


ABOVE: Former student Rich Redfern will be the new coach for girl’s tennis.

Haight keeps the team on track PHOTO BY//FRANK WEIRICH

ABOVE: While helping the track team prepare for the spring, Coach Danica Haight manages from the sidines. While she is not is not blood related BY LEAH MURRAY to her other family, it shares a bond Danica Haight has two families in through its passion for track and the Iowa City, one genetically related and man that runs the show, coach Mike all branded with the Haight name. Parker.

Danica Haight ’07, a former thrower for the West High and Michigan track teams, has reunited with her family again, this time as a coach. Danica was a West high thrower during all four of her high school years. She was coached by West High biology teacher and former throws coach Brad Wymer. “Coach Parker and I have kept in touch when I was away at college, and he knew I was graduating so he asked if I would be interested in helping with the team for this season,” she said. While this figurative family is close knit, so is the actual Haight family, as Danica’s cousin, Mackenzie Haight ’12, is a thrower herself - but of a different variety. Mackenzie is one of West High’s varsity softball pitchers. “People ask me all the time how throwing is going, and I have to ask if they mean track or softball. More times than you’d think, they’re talking about track,” Mackenzie said. While Danica has accumulated many

accolades in her years as an athlete, from holding school records to being a Drake Relay and State champion to getting the opportunity to participate in Big-ten championships, there’s one specific area that makes her such a terrific coach, according to Parker: she’s a “very direct descedent of Wymer’s philosophies.” Danica agrees. “My experience as a former thrower at West could help me coach because I know the expectations, and what hard work needs to be put into it. My fabulous coach from high school [Coach Wymer] taught me many great drills and different ways to help improve, which is what I will plan on passing on to my athletes,” she said.     While the track season isn’t yet in full swing, this former thrower hopes to pass on her own success to the next generation, because the West High track team likes to keep it all in the family.




THE Note: all Radish content is satirical and not meant to be perceived as factual.

Greening the rainbow BY ANSEL LANDINI March has always been the quote, unquote, green month of the year. And, yes, that is in reference to Saint Patrick’s day precluding the beginning of spring. Green overalls, green hats, green beards, green food, green signs and maybe even a few green people litter the streets in search of the party. With the upcoming Saint Patrick’s day festivities, Skittles™ advertising agent Tazeda Ranebo has come up with another, totally original campaign slogan. Along with producing packets of only yellow and green skittles, “Chase the Rainbow” referring to the age old myth that the Leprechaun’s pot of gold is on the other end, has become the official trademark phrase of Skittles™. “I’m fairly sure the new slogan will 30 RADISH

increase Skittles™ sales,” Ranebo said. “All we’ll have to do is produce some more nonsensical commercials, except this time with Leprechauns.” Skittles™ marketing analyst Diffrant Flavas, who first discovered several flavors of Skittles™ upped consumer preference, had a few words to share about his revolutionary method to increase consumer satisfaction. “It’s actually really simple. You take any run-of-the-mill commercial that wouldn’t be all that great on its own. And play a song by LMFAO in the background. Then it becomes not only hilarious, but the only thing people talk about!” Flavas said. The slogan change has come under heavy scrutiny from General Mills CEO Wilson Fisk. Fisk claims the slogan change and the new set of com-


mercials infringes on the trademark of their cereal, Lucky Charms. Fisk filed charges concerning his reserved right to use Leprechauns in the commercial industry. “I am appalled by the beef Skittles™ has created this past week. They had a perfect slogan and marketing plan before implementing this redundant farce of my cereal company,” Fisk took a moment to puff his cigar. “It’s just not right, we run a very tight borgata at General Mills and the $24.3 billion of dough we’re worth illustrates this.” Controversy or not, Skittles™ is sticking to their guns and running their new commercials. And for everyone reading who thought this was going to be about making candy environmentally friendly, you’re welcome to stop now.





Yesterday, the University of Statistics released a study concluding that today’s students have a harder commute than any other generation in history, including their parents’ generation. Students at Best High seem to concur. “[My parents’ generation] may have had to walk uphill both ways to school every day in blizzard conditions, but at least they didn’t have to ride the bus everyday in sometimes blizzard conditions and put up with some of the shenanigans I do. The guy across the aisle blares techno (which cannot be good for his eardrums) just to drown out the screamed obscenities from the back of the bus,” said Anne Otherrider, a second-seat left-side rider of bus 4377. Another student agreed, saying, “I tried to ride home with my friend and her bus was like heaven. Only a few

And we don’t worry about the most problematic buses, either. Right now we are primarily focused on the 98%, that is, the students who ride normal buses whose only problems are mechanical failure [a common problem].” A survey of the bus barn was released in response to those statistics early this morning, concluding that while students may feel that way, 100% of staff members at the bus barn don’t care, with their least favorite riders being high school students. “If a bus breaks down, students are left on the bus with their bus drivers until a new bus can be provided. While we try to be prompt, that’s our reasoning behind hiring college students as bus drivers. We want students to have positive role models when they are riding our buses. You’ve seen some of these kids, right? They’re hooligans.”

Fear of spider

students were riding and most were reading or looking out the window. But I was cast out the bus doors, sad and lonely, for I was not on that bus route.” The study stated that 22% of bus-riding students would like to ride the bus without getting food thrown at them, 35% would like to throw things out the window whilst on the road and another 43% would just like to get home at a decent time. “We realize that some bus routes have a higher tendency towards behavioral problems and overcrowding, but we cannot allow students to indiscriminately ride other buses for that very reason. We are trying to contain those problem buses rather than allowing those dilemmas to spread to other routes,” said Iona Bluebird. “They are taking the seats that rightful bus-riders would have otherwise taken.” “We don’t worry about those who drive or get rides from their parents.

Logic of this graph


Amount of homework




one that just disappeared

U mad, AP Stats?

Mon Tues Weds Thurs Fri School week




QUALITY OF The truth about CPR The new CPR requirements made a splash this year, LIFE INDEX and the West Side Story investigates When someone’s heart stops beating, cardiovascular pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been the next step before calling 911 for over fifty years. Recently, many have remembered the recommended one hundred beats-perminute by humming “Stayin’ Alive” or “Another One Bites the Dust,” despite the contradictory messages. But the authors of a Japanese observational study in 2007 concluded that of those treated with conventional CPR, a mere 4% make a good recovery. In 2008, Iowa and a host of other states enacted laws encouraging or requiring automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) in public gathering places such as schools. There are two in West High, yet many students do not know what an AED is, much less where they are located (near the gym and in the band wing). The Iowa Healthy Kids Act makes learning CPR a graduation requirement, as seniors realized with a shock when told they would be required to attend a three-hour class on Feb. 20. Cardiac arrest occurs when the electrical impulses in the heart become chaotic or rapid, causing the heart to stop beating. AEDs act as a figurative wakeup call and a literal pound on the chest, shocking the heart back into rhythm. The sooner the defibrillation process begins, the likelier the possi-

bilities of survival and recovery. These increasingly-affordable and wall-mounting devices not only boast a higher survival rate than CPR, but also don’t require training. With an emphasis on the “automatic” in “automatic external defibrillator,” these devices walk users through the defibrillation process step-by-step, guiding usage and possibly restarting a heart with the push of a button. In times of panic, following directions to simple step-by-step such as wiping the chest dry, attaching pads to bare chest and making sure no one, including you, is touching the person is easier than remembering a process taught in a class. There aren’t grades when becoming certified for CPR - those who have performed CPR successfully before or have been certified for a long period of time and taken numerous courses have no higher level of certification than the class they took taught them. There are varying levels of CPR, but higher levels and more intensive training is primarily limited to medical professionals. CPR, by comparison, requires training and is brimming with possible errors. Many perform the resuscitation too slowly, too shallowly or just too late. The heart can easily be left unaffected despite a bystander’s best effort, leaving 96% dead or never recovered, and good Samaritans traumatized by

the ordeal. While the WSS editorial board feels that CPR is important, it needs to be compared with AED survival rates. Instead of taking three hours of out-ofschool time, Health or PE class, which is already required, could perhaps be utilized instead, including both CPR and AED information and training.

Should West students be required to learn CPR in order to graduate?


Spring Break OMG OMG SPRING BREAK 2012 LOLOLOLOLLOLOLOLOLOLOLOLOLOLOL XOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOX :) :) :). For real though, spring break is the best.

Plus 3

3rd Tri Insert joke here about how awesome it is to be in the final trimester of high school that would alienate 3/4 of the school if I ever wrote it. Which I won’t, because it’s 3rd tri of senior year.

The WSS editorial board voted against the requirement.


EDITORIAL BOARD Juliann Skarda Anna Egeland Eleanor Marshall Ansel Landini Ashton Duncan Adam Canady Daniel Rothman Olivia Lofgren Caroline Van Voorhis Blake Oetting Pombie Silverman Frank Weirich Brenna Deerberg

Plus 2

Basketball Can we just admit that we’ve been spoiled this year? As if the volleyball team winning state was not enough, both our basketball teams are dominating, with the girls becoming STATE CHAMPIONS and the boys playing an awesome quartfinals game. Let’s enjoy this while it lasts.

Plus 12

Letter to the editor

As a local small business owner, I was intrigued by your recent “Best of the West” article that surveyed West High students on their favorite places to study, work out, shop, “creep” and, yes, indulge in frozen treats. While I was disappointed that my business,Yotopia Frozen Yogurt, didn’t make the list, I couldn’t help but notice that the photograph used for the story was in fact a photo taken inside Yotopia. As a former journalism major and newsmagazine reporter and editor, I can understand the time pressures surrounding articles like this and would venture a guess that the photo was taken during the month-long hiatus by my friendly suburban competitor, during which time Yotopia Frozen Yogurt was open daily (Sundays included). Don’t get me wrong—I am flattered that a photo of my business was published in the WSS. I take issue with the fact that the photo was not accurately credited, but rather was used to promote another business. This misrepresentation is not what I and other readers expect from theWSS, and I sincerely hope that staff exercise more caution with matters like this in the future. For the love of froyo, Veronica Tessler Owner/General Manager Yotopia Frozen Yogurt


Arbitrary Bad Thing Up to this point everything in this Quality of Life Index has been fairly good, so I need something negative to go here. I’ve spent a while thinking, but there just isn’t really anything bad happening this time of year. So here are some negative points. Just because.

Minus 3 Total: Plus 14 COMPILED BY// DAN ROTHMAN




P.E.-rfection? Not quite

Seniors have the right to be waived out of this class if they meet certain requirements. But shouldn’t students of all grades be offered the same exemptions? As I was looking through my schedule for my junior school year, I realized just another benefit of being a senior. No, not the five fewer school days on their calendar (plus snow days) or the inherent feeling of superiority that comes with a grade 12 ID; I saw this advantage in one trimester elective: P.E. So, what is this position that seniors can have over the rest of us? It is the right to be waived out of physical education Chapter 12 of Iowa’s State and Health Requirements, it reads “A twelfth grade student may be excused from this [P.E.] requirement by the principal of the school in which the student is enrolled under one of the following circumstances: (1) The student is enrolled in a cooperative, work-study, or other educational program authorized by the school which requires the student’s absence from the school premises during the school day, (2) The student is enrolled in academic courses not otherwise available, [or](3) An organized and supervised athletic pro-

gram which requires at least as much participation per week as one-eighth unit of physical education.” All of these exceptions are completely valid. We just think that these rights should be extended to all students, regardless of grade. Yes, seniors in high school are probably more likely to be in a work study, or enrolled in classes outside of the school, but that doesn’t mean that freshmen, sophomores or juniors aren’t doing those things. And, as far as the third requirement goes, there are more combined freshman, sophomore and junior athletes than there are seniors who spend the same amount of time participating in their sport. Also, we need to think about what students could be doing during the time otherwise spent in P.E. Students who are either in ninth, tenth or eleventh grade, or seniors who don’t fall under the requirements are forced to leave one period open to fit in gym. If students could be exempt from P.E., they could fill that open space with a

class they saw as the most beneficial for them. For instance, a student who wants to take multiple music classes, a language and a year-long elective, or simply someone who wants to take full advantage of the plethora of advanced placement classes available at West High, could do so if P.E. was not required. But, if a student wanted to take P.E. (in one of its various forms) that would be okay too. Now, there is one solution for these students: early bird P.E. This class is open to students who have filled up their schedule with classes that don’t include P.E. However, early bird P.E is early. The class starts at 7:10, meaning kids would have to wake up around 6:30 every morning to be there on time. For teenagers whose sleep cycles are already not conducive for early rising, one more hour of deprived slumber is frankly unhealthy. It may sound like we are bashing P.E., but please know that we are not calling for the abolition of this class nor trying to measure its usefulness. We think that

P.E. is definitely a necessary class for those students who don’t get physical activity otherwise. But, there are students (in all grades) who do receive at least as much exercise as one would get in P.E. and many more who, again in all grades, meet the requirements for a P.E. waiver.

Should all students who meet the current requirements for seniors be exempted from P.E. regardless of their grade?

12-1 The WSS editorial board voted for exempting students from P.E. regardless of their grade.

Distinguished sports West High should re-think the activities it deems sports and the equally athletic endeavors that are just considered clubs. While we at the West Side Story editorial board believe that being involved in a sport at West High should allow a student to opt out of taking a physical education class, this stance raises a bigger issue: what exactly should constitute a sport at West, what should receive school funding and function as more than just a club? At first, the answer seems obvious: that a sport should be any sort of competitive physical activity.Yet, what exactly does this mean? It is not always an easy line to draw, and it is a distinction that has not been adequately addressed. Anybody with a rudimentary understanding of sports as a concept will 32 OPINION

say that they necessitate physical exercise. It just seems intuitive. Yet this is not always the case. For example, members of the West High Ultimate Frisbee club get as much exercise from playing their sport as anyone in P.E., yet the team functions exclusively as a club and receives no funding to go to competitions. On the other hand, there are sports such as bowling that require very little actual physical activity and serve lazy seniors looking to escape gym class. While there are certainly students who are serious about bowling, the fact that it is considered a sport whereas more physically demanding activities are not is completely anti-


thetical to the purpose of requiring P.E. Second of all, sports require competition. If one was to go for a jog after school today, that would be great exercise, but it definitely would not constitute a sport. West also overlooks activities that meet this criterion. The most obvious example of this is the dance team. Being a member of the West High Poms is not only very physically demanding, but the team goes to a variety of competitions, including on the national level. Yet, even seniors on the team cannot receive a varsity letter, and therefore cannot waive their physical education requirements. If West High is going to allow stu-

dents that participate in sports to waive their physical education requirements, even if it is just seniors, what constitutes a sport at West must be re-evaluated. The distinctions that we make sometimes seem arbitrary and allow clever students to find a loophole while students that work hard to exercise and stay in shape are forced to spend a trimester in a P.E. class. The whole purpose of requiring P.E. is to encourage healthy behavior, and this should be the determining factor in allowing students to waive this requirement.



I would like to be known for courting danger, living on the edge. Perhaps a reputation such as this would excuse my certainty that disaster will find me in the very near future. I know I can’t be long for this earth because my blood runs perpetually cold, the bees are dying, I have a lump behind my ear, my heart once skipped a beat, my cross country racing number was six six six, and most recently because the Mayans said so. Since I was a child, catastrophe has captivated me. I would fantasize about apocalypse, read books about fire and plague, listen to the stories of those who sailed the Titanic to the ocean floor. A feeling of impending doom looms just over my shoulder, fleeing the instant I glance sideways. While saner souls might scorn or even fear this darkness, I revel in it. I indulge in googling images of abandoned amuse-

When disaster strikes ment parks, and think of loose bolts and rusted cogs when I brave a roller coaster. Children of Men is my chick flick. As the third month of 2012 commences, I grow increasingly giddy. I am no longer the only person with a zombie attack plan. Other people are seeing signs in the sidewalk cracks and significance in the temperature. A chill of expectation grows stronger by the month as we all ask ourselves if this year could really be a turning point. I love the promise of global disaster. Studying late into the night, I spur myself onward with the thought that this is the last year I must struggle through before apocalypse will provide sweet relief. Sure that could mean fending for my life, assuming I’m fortunate enough to have one, but the promise of change is good enough for me. When my assignment is returned to me with angry

red pen so dense I can’t read my words, I return to catastrophe like a child to a pacifier. I console myself with the promise that when I’m cooking squirrel over a fire I created with sticks, my grade in German won’t matter after all. I am thoroughly aware that these convictions are unhealthy, dangerous even. But in the final months of 2012 and my junior year, I feel entitled to any escape I can find. What really makes me question the state of my sanity is my concept of this elusive freedom. I could be spending my time wistfully dreaming of being discovered for my musical prowess, the day a distant relative dies and I receive millions, a band of pirates adopting me as their own if I so choose. Though I question my stability, deep within I know I have the answer. I am convinced that any change will be horrific not because I can’t dream up any-

I love gingers BY SHIRLEY WANG Phew. Got that out. Now here comes the hard part. Is picking on a ginger being racist? Is ginger a race? Debatable. While gingers (a.k.a. redheads) are only about 2% of the world’s population, they are widely represented in organizations like the National Ginger Association, the Red-headed League and during the annual Dutch Redhead Day. And it doesn’t even matter that only one of these things is actually real (trip to the Netherlands, anyone?), it only matters that someone out there cares about those gingers. I, personally, like to think of myself as very culturally diverse, seeing that I have more than one red-haired friend. That’s you, Fiona Pavlik ’14, Sophie McClatchey ’14, Jackie Dowling ’13 and Leah Best ’14. They’ve taught me

a lot, plus proven many stereotypes wrong. Some people think that gingers don’t have a soul, but I know that’s not true, since just the other day Leah sent me a text message with a heart at the end of the sentence. That’s love, everyone.You need a soul for that. It is sad that gingers have a pretty bad reputation. Like when people say they have terrible tempers, and then they think it’s sort of like a ginger’s anger has burst out of their skulls like molten lava and left their hair permanently in flames.You know, like don’t touch their hair, or you’ll burn your hand. But I’ve never seen a ginger go crazy and start sizzling people with their heads, not even when they get made fun of to their faces. The only time I’ve ever seen them get really hot is when they get embarrassed and their cheeks turn to the color of their hair. Even then, they’re still really adorable and all freckled up. Just imagine a world without red-

heads: one where they were all so ashamed they dyed their hair a more socially acceptable shade. Everyone would just be blah, boring brown mousy people with tan skin and freckle-less faces. Ick. We would all just look THE SAME. Whether you admit it or not, gingers keep things spicy. And fiery. Who would Harry be without Ron? Lynette, Susan and Gabby without Bree? Cam without Mitchell? These beautiful genetic mutants, like a rare limited-edition action figure, should be cherished and loved. Protected. Polished and kept. Collected. JK guys, that’s so creepy. Dear gingers, don’t lie to yourself. Your hair is not a slight auburn, or strawberry blonde, it is clearly red! Everyone knows! Embrace it. Be proud of your uniqueness. Today I speak as the voice for all oppressed. So I propose a new club, SAGA. Students Against Ginger Abuse.

thing wonderful, but because I can’t truly believe that change will be for the better. I am a storm cloud of a person, ranting about politics and mocking fellow classmates. Looking at myself, a girl who sees a glass half empty with one sip gone, I realize it makes perfect sense that my escape is as dry and bitter as my humor. I would love to focus my energy on being a sunny, helpful person. Unfortunately though, my friends will have to take me as my aggravated self. When I find time for self improvement, my outlook on life is the last thing I address. Instead I prepare for apocalypse, learning to farm and make fire. Next year when the electricity’s gone they’ll at last appreciate my pessimism as I pull out flint and tinder and for the first time make light of a dark situation.

Together we can fight bullying and hate against redheads. We can worship ginger idols like Prince Harry, Rupert Grint and Kathy Griffin. We can make it a goal to say hello to at least one redhead per day. Maybe one day, us non-gingies can dye our hair a fire engine red in support of our carrot-top friends. Then collectively, in a heartfelt moment, we can all shout together: Red hair don’t care. #gingerproblems





I guess it all started at Trojan basketball camp. I decided a few months in advance that, in a strange effort to stay in shape for track, I would go out for basketball. A lack of prior experience and height did not fetter me. Magic Johnson? Psh. I was going to make him look like Tragic Johnson. I spent hours each day in the driveway perfecting my free-throws and handles. Gratuitous capital went towards “special” sneakers for my looming path to NBA glory. That fateful day, I entered the gym in anticipation, only to walk out of that traumatizing arena into the pouring rain, stinging with the shame of failure. I looked like a drunken kangaroo in my vain attempts to defend the hoop. Free throws? Missed every one. I’m fairly confident I tripped over the ball whilst running across the gym. I couldn’t stand to be there under such scrutiny; I counted down the minutes until I was finally freed. In short, this was the most embarrassing moment of my life. This was a particularly haunting experience because I relish being a win-

ner. Being somewhat of a jack of all trades, it comes to a shock to me when I am bad at something, even if it is something as simple as throwing a hard balloon into a glorified shoelace. Sadly, the act of failure does cause us to feel inadequate. Why can’t I do what others do with such finesse? It would be wrong to call our shortcomings unfair. Instead, they are the greatest inconveniences we know. I think we can all agree that “sucking” at calculus, singing or some other scapegoat task is unpleasant, but do the things you lack define your total ability? No. Once you comprehend your true worth and what you bring to the universe’s table, all of your weak points are negligible. Of course, there is nothing wrong with self-improvement and growth; without it, your life amounts to very little. However, there is a clear crisis point when we encounter that loathed “wall.” Give it a decent shot. For all I care, you can break through it or backflip over it, but don’t be afraid to walk away. Sometimes, you have to know when effort is a twisted, yet frank joke (probably a British one). Besides, in the end, will you really give a hoot about how you never learned how to sew? I won’t. I’m going to be right here doing what I do best

Lens-flare BY FRANK WEIRICH You’re standing along the guard rail, eyes locked on a wondrous sight of natural beauty, a mountain or ocean perhaps. Everything seems serene, until you hear the rocks start to slide. Looking to your side, you see that someone has bypassed the safety of the rail, and is riding the slope in hopes of getting to a better view. Exhilaration and terror, along with a desperate yearning to capture this moment culminate as you focus the lens of your camera, straining your eyes. People don’t always understand the importance of being a photographer. We tend to carry the same kind of determination that many athletes do. We don’t give up, no matter rain, wind or danger sign. To me, it’s always been about the power of an image.When you hold a camera, you’re able to capture something that will never exist in the same way. Never again will it line up as it did for the photo. It’s a reassurance that despite all the change and chaos of the world, there is proof that something happened, and for a moment,

everything was peaceful. The culture within the activity is enough to entice some people, whether it’s art, news or fashion photographers. A collection of professionals, shoot-and-clickers, and lens flare photographers who aren’t all looking for the same thing, but can ultimately appreciate a good photo . The competition, however, is far more entertaining than just the evaluation. What separates a photographer from the kids with a disposable camera? The emotion. The desire. The knowledge that despite the danger, regardless of what the sign on the edge of the cliff says, no matter the size of the mountain, you will get that photo, and when you do, nothing else in the world can give that same level of satisfaction. Photography is more than knowing you’ve seen something no one else has. It’s the knowledge that everyone from this point on will look at your photo and know that at some point, it existed.

A kindergarten lesson BY ASHTON DUNCAN Kindergarten taught me the worst lesson I’ve ever learned: how to raise my hand. The crippling indecision before raising my hand, the seconds while my teacher decides whether my hand (and therefore my thoughts) are worthy of exploration... half-heartedly listening to the current speaker while I form my own conclusions and am determined to articulate my thought process correctly this time.The split-second of panic when the teacher finally says my nameAnd nothing. My mind is completely blank and I’m forced to be another “Oh, 34 OPINION

I forgot. Come back to me.” My thought was lost in the riptides of those who have said my ideas better, like Shakespeare and Voltaire and a thousand other dead white guys and really, I’d just rather think. And the current moves forward without me, like a crowd-surfer held up by two thousand raised hands. To me, learning has always been a free movement of thought between students - a shared environment. A community where everything was shared except gum and pencils, because no one had to ask someone’s permission to speak. But do we ever just take classes for the fun of knowing stuff anymore? For the unironic joy in learning trivia that no, will not help you in your future career, but is culturally and intellectually

enriching - rather than just a quantitative value on a standardized test or on that transcript. Raising my hand is just another facet of the intellectual oppression of institutionalized learning. I want to study art history and anti-Americanism in the Middle East and internet culture and philosophy and writing for video games and the British colonization of India and the use of the oxford comma through the ages, but things like that aren’t on things like the Iowa Assessments, and no credit is earned for wanting to learn.


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR may be sent to ashton.duncan@wsspaper. com (letters should not exceed 300 words). Each letter must include the full name of the author and year of graduation (if written by a student). . GUEST OPINIONS should be sent to ashton.duncan@wsspaper. com and should be approximately 300-400 words. Please include your full name. The WSS reserves the right to edit letters and guest opinions for length and clarity.

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Hardcore parkour BY GRANT LEONARD



UPPER LEFT: Perfoming a wall run, Efe Lobato ’12 shows off his agility during a group practice. The close group of friends meet when they can to hone their sport. UPPER RIGHT: Ryan Williams ’12 pushes his upper body strength to the limits as he“flags” on a goalpost at Wickham Elementary School. BOTTOM LEFT: After a quick sucession of moves, Ryan Williams ’12 finishes his run with a vault over a training barricade. BOTTOM RIGHT: Parker Davis ’12 vaults over an obstacle, ending with a roll onto a mat. The action in the training room is lively, yet maintains a friendly atmosphere. PHOTO BY//FRANK WEIRICH

arkour has turned out to be more than just urban stunts for West High’s parkour group. The sport not only allows participants to test their agility and strength, but gives them the ability to look at the city’s infrastructure through the eyes of an athlete rather than as a pedestrian. With a little training, the group, including Efe Lobato ’12, Ryan Williams ’12 and Parker Davis ’12 is discovering new ways to move around and hopes to integrate the activity into the Iowa City community.


FISt bumps:

The snail


the stick shift


The forcefield

Since memorizing secret handshakes is time-consuming, and thumbs-ups are totally passĂŠ, how do you show approval in a simple way while maintaing your street cred? The fist bump is your answer. First made official in 1996, pounding it is older than some of us. So whether you blow it up then bring it back, or just shake it off, celebrate the sweet sixteen of a gesture known across the land as a trademark of cool.

The turkey


March 9, 2012 issue  

West Side Story's March issue