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Friday, August 6, 2021 28 Av 5781 Vol. 93 | No. 32 | ©2021 jewishledger.com

HARTFORD and the HIDDEN TREASURE 1

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INSIDE

this week

CONNECTICUT JEWISH LEDGER | SINCE 1929 | AUGUST 6, 2021 | 28 AV 5781

8 Around Connecticut

14 Torah Portion

15 Briefs

17 Crossword

19 What’s Happening

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Special Envoy.................................... 5 Deborah Lipstadt’s nomination to serve as U.S. special envoy to monitor and combat antisemitism was hailed by many Jewish organizations, who for months had been lobbying the White House to appoint a candidate as violent antisemitic acts continued to surge.

Kosher Concessions....................... 5 Nowadays it’s not hard to find kosher and vegan options at America’s ballparks. Here’s a stadium by stadium guide to what keepers of kashrut can find when the urge for a hot dog hits.

A Woman of Valor............................11 Israeli paratroopers were overcome with emotion recently as they took part in a commemorative expedition in Slovenia, held to honor the memory of World War II heroine Hannah Senesh.

Opinion..............................................10 As the world tunes in to the Olympics in Tokyo, watching an enormous variety of sports in which athletes of all nationalities compete, It’s evident that these ideas connecting race with sporting ability belong in the garbage can of history.

Arts & Entertainment..................... 9 For U.S. Jews, iconic comedian Jackie Mason held up a mirror that reflected their complicated relationship with their Americanness. Mason, who started his adult life on a track to become an Orthodox rabbi, died on July 27 at the age of 93.

In Memoriam..................................18 Carl Levin, the Jewish Michigander who spent 36 years as a fierce inquisitor in the Senate, has died at 87.

Obituaries

21 Business and Professional Directory

22 Classified

ON THE COVER:

On June 13, 2021, or 3 Tammuz 5781, West Hartford resident Leonard Holtz discovered in his basement a rare, handwritten Holocaust-era letter written by the Chabad Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson z”l. The discovery was made on the 27th anniversary of the Rebbe’s passing and 80 years since the letter’s writing. Pictured on the cover: Leonard Holtz (left) and Rabbi Avraham Berkowitz look through records. The magazine with the Rebbe’s image on the cover lies on the counter. PAGE 12 jewishledger.com

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SHABBAT FRIDAY, AUGUST 6 Hartford 7:45 p.m. New Haven: 7:45 p.m. Bridgeport: 7:46 p.m. Stamford: 7:47 p.m. To determine the time for Havdalah, add one hour and 10 minutes (to be safe) to candle lighting time.

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HELP US FILL THE BINS!

Annual Back-to-School

SUPPLY DRIVE August 1-15

The Mandell JCC and PJ Library are collecting school supplies to benefit clients from Jewish Family Services and Jewish Children’s Service Organization so they can go back to school with everything they need.

Drop-off supplies

Questions? Call the Mandell JCC at 860-236-4571.

The Swim & Tennis Club

List of school supplies needed: • Backpacks (without characters) • Packages of markers, thick and thin • Packages of number two pencils • Packages of pens, blue or black • 24 pack of crayons • Packages of glue sticks • Highlighters • Filler paper, wide or college ruled • Packages of colored pencils • One, three or five subject spiral notebooks • Two pocket folders • Computer paper • Scotch tape • Index cards • Hand sanitizer • Children’s masks

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Mandell JCC

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Donate online

We can do the shopping for you! Visit www.jfshartford.org/WaysToGive and click the “Donate Now” button and designate your gift to the Back-to-School Drive.

Shop online

Visit our online wish list at www.myregistry.com/giftlist/jfsbacktoschool2021 and shop from various stores, make your purchase, and ship right to the JFS office.

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Biden nominates Holocaust historian Deborah Lipstadt as next antisemitism envoy

LEDGER SCOREBOARD

A guide to kosher food at every Major League Baseball stadium

BY DMITRIY SHAPIRO

(JNS) After months of pressure from Jewish communal organizations to appoint someone to the position, the Biden administration on Friday nominated Deborah Lipstadt to serve as the U.S. special envoy to monitor and combat antisemitism. Lipstadt, 74, is the Dorot Professor of Modern Jewish and Holocaust studies at Emory University and author of numerous books on the subject. Her 2019 book “Antisemitism Here and Now” is considered a primer on antisemitism, according to the American Jewish Committee (AJC) and won the National Jewish Book Award that year. “The Biden administration has chosen wisely in appointing Deborah Lipstadt to fill this ambassadorial post, so vital to U.S. leadership in fighting antisemitism,” AJC CEO David Harris said in a news release. “Professor Lipstadt is one of this country’s – indeed the world’s – foremost experts on modern antisemitism, its constant morphing and multiple sources, and the current challenges to confronting it.” The position was created by Congress in 2004. Most recently, it was filled by Elan Carr during the Trump administration. It was upgraded to the rank of ambassador in the final months of the administration and will require Senate confirmation. The position aims to raise consciousness both in the United States and internationally about the menace of antisemitism and urge governments and institutions to take action to protect vulnerable Jewish communities. “I first met Deborah Lipstadt in 1990 when she was the resident scholar on a trip to Poland and Israel. For decades, she has served as both academic and activist, inspiring policymakers to confront the harsh realities of antisemitism in our world and fight for justice,” Rep. Brad Schneider (D-Ill.) said in a news release. “I can’t imagine a better, more qualified person to lead the United States’ efforts to combat antisemitism. Amid recent rising antisemitism around the globe, Deborah Lipstadt will lead with a vigorous moral clarity.” Lipstadt was the target of a libel suit from British Holocaust denier David Irving over how he was described in her 1993 jewishledger.com

BY ROB CHARRY

book “Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory.” The lawsuit lasted for five years until the London courts ruled in favor of Lipstadt in April 2000. Lipstadt’s ordeal made her the protagonist of the 2016 film “Denial,” where she was played by British actress Rachel Weisz. Lipstadt’s nomination was hailed by numerous Jewish organizations, which over the past months had been lobbying the White House to appoint a candidate as violent acts of antisemitism have seen exponential growth in the United States and the world, especially in the aftermath of Israel’s conflict with Hamas in May. This week, a swastika was discovered etched in a wood panel of an elevator inside the State Department, not far from where Lipstadt’s office will be. Jewish Democratic Council of America CEO Halie Soifer, welcomed the news on Friday. “With antisemitism on the rise in the U.S. and around the world, Dr. Lipstadt is absolutely the right person at the right time for this critical role,” Soifer said in a news release. “Dr. Lipstadt is one of the leading global authorities on antisemitism given her meticulous scholarship, deep personal commitment to the truth, and profound understanding of the dangers of extremism.” “We extend our sincere congratulations to Deborah Lipstadt upon her expected

nomination to this critical State Department post that comes at a time we are witnessing a terrible surge in attacks and threats committed against the global Jewish community,” Nathan Diament, executive director for public policy at the Orthodox Union, said in a release. “These range from assaults on individuals to legal assaults on fundamental Jewish rites including Kashrut and Brit Mila. While it’s unfortunate we need to have such a position at the State Department, Prof. Lipstadt is certainly the best person to fill this job.” B’nai B’rith President Charles O. Kaufman and CEO Daniel S. Mariaschin also applauded the nomination in a joint news release, where they called her eminently qualified for the post. “She has devoted her professional life to studying, teaching and writing about the world’s oldest hatred and to countering it on a global scale,” they wrote. “B’nai B’rith looks forward to working with Lipstadt as antisemitism has spiked exponentially in the United States and around the world, manifesting itself in many forms and variants, oftentimes fueled by social media. “It is vitally important that the U.S. government, through the person of the special envoy, continue to assume a leadership position in the battle against this alarmingly growing challenge. Lipstadt’s appointment is a most reassuring indication that this will indeed be effectuated.”

(JTA) – Jews love baseball – there’s no denying it. But when the baseball season opened in April, most major league stadiums were operating at restricted capacities and offered a limited number of concession stands. For those returning to the stands across the country (and Canada) who keep kosher, we have prepared this guide to eating in every stadium, from Seattle to Miami. There’s no favoritism – it’s aligned in alphabetical order. Note that it also includes vegan options, which are plant-based and therefore considered by some to be acceptable in their kosher diets. (Another thing to keep in mind: It appears to be policy now at most ballparks, if not all, that credit cards are required to buy food – though there are special ATM machines at parks that can convert your cash into prepaid debit cards.)

Atlanta Braves, Truist Park There are no kosher items here, but vegan food available includes a Beyond Burger and a smoked tofu sandwich. Like some other teams that have held a Jewish Heritage Night, the Braves have featured a special “kosher night” in past seasons. Unfortunately that does not appear to be on the docket this year with COVID wreaking havoc on scheduling.

Arizona Diamondbacks, Chase Field No kosher items are available. There are vegan hot dogs, vegan chicken wraps and vegan burgers.

Baltimore Orioles, Camden Yards Though Camden Yards is nearly 30 years old, it’s still a tourist attraction and a great place to watch a game. Like

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Kosher food

The park doesn’t have any specifically kosher foods, but the Astros offer several vegan food options, such as the Beyond Burger, at stands behind Sections 109, 125 and 208. It also has salads, fruit, hummus and other items at the 19th Hole concessions stand in center field.

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many of the remaining older parks, there isn’t a bad seat in the house. From day one in 1992, the stadium has had a kosher food stand, apparently the first certified kosher stand in any of the major league stadiums. Now called Kosher Grille, fans can find it beyond the left field seats.

Kansas City Royals, Kauffman Stadium

Boston Red Sox, Fenway Park The oldest ballpark in the American League has the most unique kosher serving device: a vending machine with kosher hot dogs since 2008. The stadium’s vegan options include burgers and hot dogs.

Chicago Cubs, Wrigley Field In the National League’s oldest ballpark, the Cubs have a kosher cart behind Section 227. They also sell veggie burgers in several locations and veggie dogs behind Section 117.

Chicago White Sox, Guaranteed Rate Field No kosher items are listed, but vegan and vegetarian items include sandwiches, veggie burgers and an Asian appetizer duo from Impossible Foods, the brand behind the Impossible Burger.

No kosher items are listed, but they do sell veggie dogs (and regular Nathan’s hot dogs, which sadly are no longer kosher).

Cleveland Indians (soon to be Guardians), Progressive Field The park’s kosher hot dog stand is a thing of the past and there are no kosher items listed in the stadium’s offerings. However, vegan options include tacos, burritos, dogs and a garden salad.

Colorado Rockies, Coors Field No kosher foods are listed, though the Sandlot Brewery inside the ballpark says its beer is kosher certified. The vegan foods available include a veggie dog and salads. The park also offers vegetarian quesadillas.

Detroit Tigers, Comerica Park No kosher items here, but fans can pay homage to former Tiger slugger and Jewish sports legend Hank Greenberg – his statue is one of six on the concourse in left center field. Greenberg’s 58 homers and 146 RBIs in 1938 is tops for a season among Jewish ballplayers. Vegan choices such as Beyond Burgers can be found in the Big Cat food court.

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Los Angeles Dodgers, Dodger Stadium The Jewish sausage factory Jeff’s Gourmet had provided the park with kosher food, but not this season. “Due to health and safety restrictions, we are unable to offer Jeff’s Gourmet until further notice,” the vendor said. Note that health and safety restrictions could be removed or eased at some point this summer, so check before your visit on the team’s website: mlb.com/dodgers/ballpark/ information/guide. Dodger Stadium does have a variety of vegan options as well, including Beyond Burgers, Beyond Sausages, tempeh tacos and tempeh nachos with vegan cheese.

Miami Marlins, LoanDepot Park

Cincinnati Reds, Great American Ballpark

Houston Astros, Minute Maid Park

The Royals boast a stadium cart by Kohn’s Kosher, a Jewish deli from nearby St. Louis (the deli menu is similar to the Kohn’s Kosher cart at the St. Louis Cardinals’ Busch Stadium). Vegan options include burgers, Beyond Burgers and Beyond Brats.

Kosher hot dogs and hamburgers can be found behind Section 3 – except on Shabbat, of course, as the team website makes clear.

Milwaukee Brewers, American Family Field The kingdom of the ballpark sausage does not offer a kosher option of the famed Milwaukee bratwurst or other proteins. Non-meat options include soft pretzels, popcorn and fries, but otherwise it’s slim pickings.

The Yanks also offer plenty of vegan items, such as field roast hot dogs and burgers, black bean burgers, Beyond Sausages and vegan sushi. There is more than enough kosher and vegan food to satisfy “long suffering” Yankee fans, who haven’t won a World Series since 2009.

Oakland Athletics, RingCentral Coliseum No kosher foods are listed. Nor are there any vegan items listed among the foods available for mobile orders. But Aramark, which is in charge of the stadium’s food operations, does offer veggie dogs and veggie burgers at the other ballparks they cater. So there’s always next year.

Philadelphia Phillies, Citizens Bank Park Concessions manager Bruce Leith told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency: “Unfortunately, we have not offered kosher items except on Jewish Heritage Night due to several reasons, including preparation concerns and other factors.” But he added that permanent kosher food offerings have been under discussion and will be something the Phillies hope to offer in the future. Jewish Heritage Night has not been scheduled yet this summer – like most teams, the immediate concern was being up and operational by Opening Day. Citizens Bank Park also offers a variety of vegan options, including dogs and burgers. Before the pandemic, the Phils also had a stand that sold famed musician and Philadelphia native Questlove’s vegan Beyond Meat cheesesteak. It won’t be back this season – they’ve had to pause agreements with several vendors because of COVID-19 restrictions – but it could return in 2022.

Pittsburgh Pirates, PNC Park

While there are no kosher items offered, the stadium does offer a vegan burger and veggie burritos and tacos.

The Pirates do not offer kosher food, but like their counterparts at the other end of the state (the Phillies), they have had Jewish Heritage Nights in the past, where they bring in kosher food, and may well have one at some point this summer (even though nothing is currently scheduled). Vegan items include a burger and a greens and grain salad.

New York Mets, Citi Field

San Diego Padres, Petco Park

Minnesota Twins, Target Field

The Mets offer several kosher products, including hot dogs, knishes and pretzels, which can be purchased near Sections 115 and 130 on the Field Level, as well as Section 408 on the Promenade Level. There are also vegan options at the many restaurants and concession stands scattered throughout the park.

New York Yankees, Yankee Stadium Strictly Kosher, which features items such as hot dogs and knishes, is in four locations – behind Sections 110, 214A , 229 and 321.

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While they have no kosher items, no less than a dozen of their concession stands are listed as vegetarian friendly.

San Francisco Giants, Oracle Park Although there are no official kosher selections, they do sell Hebrew National hot dogs – which many Jews consider kosher, despite a longstanding dispute over its certification. And there are plenty of vegan food options, including at the Garden (in an actual garden) behind center field and the John J. McGraw Derby Grill, which sells

Impossible Burgers. A veggie cheesesteak can be found at Outta Here Cheesesteaks.

Seattle Mariners, T Mobile Park No kosher food listed here. There is a concession stand, The Natural, with vegan and organic foods including Beyond Burgers, vegan sausages and other plant-based food.

St Louis Cardinals, Busch Stadium The aforementioned Kohn’s Kosher has a presence here as well, behind Section 147. Among their items: pastrami and corned beef sandwiches, knockwurst and hot dogs. Kohn’s has operated inside the new Busch Stadium jewishledger.com


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since it was built in 2013, which happened to be the last time the Cardinals were in the World Series (they lost to the Red Sox, but the Cards do hold the National League record for most world titles at 11).

Tampa Bay Rays, Tropicana Field The Rays do not list any kosher food but they do have several vegan food items, including Beyond Burgers, and vegetarian rice bowls with vegan sauces.

Texas Rangers, Globe Life Field The good news is they sell Hebrew National hot dogs. The bad news is the kosher jewishledger.com

Centerfield Market stand from the Rangers’ last stadium didn’t make it into the new ballpark – the team technically moved into its new home last year, but this is the park’s first year with fans. It does have a vegan cart with plenty of options, though.

Washington Nationals, Nationals Park Kosher Nats fans can rejoice: Max’s Kosher Grille features falafel, homemade sausages and hot dogs from the deli in Wheaton, Maryland. Vegan food choices are available as well at other concession stands.

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AROUND CT Gov. Lamont releases $3.8 million for security at houses of worship

Jewish Community Foundation Giving Circles announce grants to local non-profits

On Wednesday, July 29, Governor Ned Lamont was joined by legislators and faith leaders, including Michael Bloom, executive director of the Jewish Federations Association of Connecticut, to announce the release of $3.8 million in security grants for houses of sorship. The press conference was held at B’nai Tikvoh-Sholom (BTS) in Bloomfield. The congregation’s spiritual leader, Rabbi Deborah Cantor, spoke about the security grant which BTS received from the state. “So even as we seek to keep our doors open in a symbolic sense, we are so grateful for state grants which will enable us to be physically more secure,” Cantor said. According to Bloom, advocating for the security grants was JFACT’s highest priority for the 2020 legislative session. “We are grateful for Governor Lamont and the Connecticut General Assembly for stating loud and clear that the state has a role to play in public safety,” said Bloom. “While not every non-profit that applied for the grant received an award, fortunately more help is on the way. JFACT was able to secure an additional $15 million for this non-profit security grant program.”

WEST HARTFORD – The Jewish Community Foundation of Greater Hartford’s giving circles, JewGood Hartford for young professionals, and the Lillian Fund for women, have awarded annual grants to two local nonprofits that help empower children, youth and families. COMPASS Youth Collaborative of Hartford received a $10,000 grant from JewGood Hartford to support COMPASS Junior Peacebuilders, which serves youth ages 16 - 21 who are at high risk of perpetrating or becoming victims of violence due to a combination of social, economic, and environmental factors. Klingberg Family Centers of New Britain received a $10,000 grant from the Lillian Fund to support Klingberg Children’s Advocacy Center, which helps children and youth who have experienced abuse. The program allows children to tell their traumatic experience once to one trained expert and receive the counseling and medical services they need to heal, instead of reliving their worst experiences by telling

various authorities the details. “When individuals come together to support causes they care about, they form a powerful giving community,” said Elana MacGilpin, development officer at the Jewish Community Foundation of Greater Hartford, in announcing the grants. “Our giving circles bring people together to learn more about issues impacting our community and to create positive change.” A giving circle is a group of like-minded individuals who donate their time and money to a pooled fund. Each voting circle member has an equal vote in deciding which organizations will receive their grants. The Jewish Community Foundation of Greater Hartford operates two giving circles, JewGood Hartford and the Lillian Fund. For more information about giving circles, contact Elana MacGilpin at emacgilpin@jcfhartford.org, or visit them at www.jcfhartford.org, or on FaceBook or Instagram.

to Jerome Ave in Bloomfield. JCL enjoyed a long and mutually beneficial back-office business relationship with Harc since 1983,” said JCL Executive Director Denis Geary. “Now, JCL embarks on a new and exciting journey that requires us to forge a new path forward for ourselves. JCL will be forever grateful to Harc and their leadership over the decades and for helping JCL to be the best we can be.” The move was made easier, says Geary, by the hiring of Annette Hargrove as director of employee relations, agency compliance and special projects, whose knowledge of payroll systems, organizational finances and human resources will help her provide several of the services previously provided to JCL by

Harc. “Annette is a very gifted and multitalented professional, as well as a very nice person, and she will be a huge asset to us as we chart this new course. We are so pleased and fortunate to have her join our team,” says Denis. The Jewish Association for Community Living helps adults with developmental disabilities participate in community life as independently and safely as possible. While its programs and services are open to all faiths and backgrounds, JCL also helps adults with special needs practice and reinforce their Jewish heritage. JCL manages group homes, supported living homes, and day programs in West Hartford. For more information, visit www.jcl-ct.org.

Yale’s Matt Elkin named assistant coach of Maccabi Games’ Team USA Boys’ Basketball NEW HAVEN – Matt Elkin of New Haven, has been named assistant coach of the Team USA Boys’ Basketball Team at the Maccabiah Games in Israel, which will take place July 2022. The Maccabiah Games, also known as the Jewish Olympics, are the third largest international multi-sport event in the world. This will be Elkin’s first time participating in the Maccabiah Games. He is currently the director of operations for Yale University’s Men’s Basketball Team. Elkin is a member of the Jewish Coaches Association, National Association of Basketball Coaches, and Rising Coaches. Maccabi USA is seeking qualified Jewish athletes to represent the USA delegation at the 21st Maccabiah Games. Eligible applicants should visit www.maccabiusa. com to apply. For more information, please contact Senior Director of Programs Shane Carr at scarr@maccabiusa.com or 215.561.6900. The first Maccabiah was held in in Ramat Gan in 1932 with 390 athletes from 18 countries taking part. Traditionally held every four years, by 2017 the Games had grown to include nearly 10,000 Jewish 8

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JFACT EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR MICHAEL BLOOM SPEAKS AT THE PRESS CONFERENCE ANNOUNCING THE RELEASE OF FUNDS IN SECURITY GRANTS FOR HOUSES OF WORSHIP. AMONG THOSE IN ATTENDANCE WERE RABBI DEBORAH CANTOR (LEFT), SPIRITUAL LEADER OF B’NAI TIKVOH-SHOLOM, WHERE THE CONFERENCE WAS HELD. (COURTESY JFACT)

athletes from more than 75 countries competing in 40 sports, making it the third largest international multi-sport event in the world following only the Olympics and the FIFA World Cup. The Maccabi USA delegation to the 20th Maccabiah in the summer of 2017 numbered 1,131 members, the largest traveling delegation in the history of not just Jewish sporting events but all international multi-sport competitions. A federally-recognized not-for-profit 501(c)(3) organization , Maccabi USA seeks to enrich Jewish lives through athletic, cultural, and educational programs. MUSA is the official sponsor of the United States team to the World Maccabiah Games and the Pan American and European Maccabi Games, as well as a sponsor of the JCC Maccabi Games for teens in North America. As the official Maccabi representative in the United States, Maccabi USA supports Jewish athletic endeavors, enhanced by cultural and educational activities in the US, Israel and throughout the Diaspora. To learn more, visit maccabiusa.com.

JCL relocates and hires employee relations director After 40 years of leasing office space with Harc, the Jewish Association for Community Living has relocated its offices

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ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT Jackie Mason was a Jewish American comedy icon BY PHILISSA CRAMER

JACKIE MASON IN NEW YORK CITY RECORDING HIS ALBUM “I WANT TO LEAVE YOU WITH THE WORDS OF A GREAT COMEDIAN,” FEB. 20, 1963. (POPSIE RANDOLPH/MICHAEL OCHS ARCHIVES/GETTY IMAGES)

(JTA) – Jackie Mason, who died Saturday at 93, didn’t always set out to be a comedian. In fact, it wasn’t until he was 30 that he left behind the Orthodox rabbinate for irreverent open-mic nights. Mason, born Yacov Moshe Maza to Orthodox parents, was one of the last survivors of the Borscht Belt comedy circuit that propelled a host of Jewish funnymen, including Jerry Stiller and Rodney Dangerfield, from the Catskills resorts that catered to Jewish vacationers into the American popular imagination. His comedy, delivered in a distinctive cadence inflected with the Yiddish of his childhood on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, offered a window into the American Jewish psyche for non-Jews and, for Jews, held up a mirror that reflected their complicated relationship with their Americanness. “The only persecution that I ever suffered from in my career was from Jews that are embarrassed that I am so Jewish,” he said in one routine in which he lamented that American Jews say they are proud to be Jewish but also change their names and noses to obscure their Jewishness. Mason was a complicated figure. Many of his jokes treated women crudely, and he characterized himself as a womanizer; he

refused to acknowledge a child born from one of his relationships. He also spoke derogatorily on multiple occasions over the years about Black politicians, including by using a Yiddish epithet to describe President Barack Obama in 2009. “I’m an old Jew. I was raised in a Jewish family” where that epithet was used, he said in his defense at the time. For many years, he supported Meir Kahane, who as the founder of the Jewish Defense League organized violent efforts to combat antisemitism and lobbied to expel Arabs from Israel. Mason also supported Donald Trump during his first presidential run. Here are four videos that showcase Mason’s wit turned on his own people.

Mocking America In a clip from a performance in Israel, Mason makes fun of American Jews who he says desperately seek to assimilate despite proclaiming pride in their heritage. “Jews in the United States move into neighborhoods where there are no Jews allowed,” he jokes. “There’s nothing but Jews there. Each one thinks he’s the only one.” The joke about Jewish diners complaining about the food and also the portion sizes wasn’t Mason’s, but it might as well have been. In this skit, he characterizes Jewish diners as domineering and picky, contrasting them with non-Jews who he said accepted whatever seats and food they were given. One of Mason’s most memorable acts was a standup routine based on his own life called “The World According to Me.” Within the first minute, he references his Jewishness in the context of the performance being a one-man show. “It disturbs a lot of people,” he said. “A lot of people say, who is a Jew to be making such a comfortable living?” As a regular on “The Simpsons” as the voice of Rabbi Krustofski, Krusty the Klown’s father. In this scene, he voices the character telling his son that comedy is an inappropriate career for someone in an observant Jewish community who comes from a distinguished line of rabbis – someone much like Mason himself.

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At the Hebrew Center for Health and Rehabilitation, we understand that comfort and familiarity is a key part of the journey to wellness. We also understand that maintaining your religious beliefs and principles is fundamental in continued enrichment of life. Our Kosher meal services allow residents to maintain their dietary requirements throughout their stay with us. At the Hebrew Center, we ensure we follow all principles of Kosher including purchase, storage, preparation, and service.

At the Hebrew Center for Health and Rehabilitation, we also offer a variety of other services and amenities to ensure your stay is as comfortable as possible. THESE SERVICES INCLUDE: • Passport to Rehabilitation Program • Long-Term Skilled Nursing Care • Specialized Memory Care • Respite Care Program • Palliative Care and Hospice Services Coordination

OUR AMENITIES INCLUDE: • Barber/Beauty Shop • Café • Cultural Menus • Laundry and housekeeping services • Patient and Family education • Life Enrichment

HKC

‫כשר‬

For more information on our Kosher program, please contact: DIRECTOR, PASTORAL SERVICES - (860) 523-3800 Hebrew Center for Health and Rehabilitation One Abrahms Boulevard, West Hartford, CT 06117

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9


OPINION

‘Jews Always Run Away’: Fighting stereotypes in sports BY BEN COHEN

(JNS) A non-Jewish professional soccer player in the Netherlands has become the latest example of how the most virulent antisemitism can be directed at someone who isn’t a Jew, and yet is perceived to be one. Steven Berghuis announced last week that he was transferring from one top side, Feyenoord of Rotterdam, to another, the current Dutch champions Ajax of Amsterdam. The Ajax-Feyenoord rivalry is one of the most bitter in European soccer, with scuffles involving both sets of supporters a routine feature of the De Klassieker contest between them. Any player who moves from one to the other should expect a furious response from the fans of the club he just bade farewell to. So, it was with the 29-year-old Berghuis. Except that there was another layer to the hatred directed at him by the Feyenoord fans that was even more venomous. On the day the news of Berghuis’s move to Ajax broke, a mural mocking the player appeared on a wall near Feyenoord’s stadium in Rotterdam. A fusion of graffiti art with hardcore Nazi iconography, the mural showed Berghuis wearing a kippah and a striped concentration camp uniform marked with a yellow “Jews’ Star,” while his face was endowed with an unfeasibly large “Jewish” nose. Next to this charming depiction was the message “Joden Lopen Altijd Weg” – “Jews Always Run Away.” Why this virulent, putrid antisemitism?

The answer is that in the folklore of Dutch soccer, Ajax is seen as a “Jewish” club — an image that some of its fans revel in, waving Israeli flags and calling themselves “Super Jews” as some opposing fans chant “Hamas, Hamas, Jews to the gas” in their direction at matches. It’s true that most Dutch Jews lived in Amsterdam before World War II and the team’s old stadium was located in a Jewish neighborhood in the east of the city, but nonetheless, the idea that Ajax as a soccer club is institutionally or ethnically “Jewish” is absurd. And as the Berghuis mural demonstrates, this isn’t exactly one of those harmless urban myths either. However, the issues of antisemitism and racism in European soccer, as serious a set of problems as they represent, are not my focus here. Foremost, what struck me about the Berghuis mural wasn’t the imagery, as appalling as that was, but the message, “Jews Always Run Away.” The message comes across as an observation, rather than an injunction of the “Kill the Jews” variety. In and of itself, it doesn’t advocate for discrimination or mass violence against Jews, but it is still profoundly disturbing, because it recycles one of the many caricatures of “the Jew” in the imagination of the antisemite. According to this caricature, Jews (more precisely, Jewish men) “always run away” because they are weak, cowardly, bookish, hunched, bespectacled, painfully

skinny or grotesquely fat, happily chained to their desks making money instead of pining for life in the great outdoors. Women don’t figure here for the simple reason that when these stereotypes were generated in the nineteenth century, women didn’t participate in athletic contests. That is why historical cartoons and other representations of the “weak” Jew, contrasted with the virile blonde Aryan, tell us a great deal about the importance of masculinity in the portrayal of Jews in antisemitic propaganda. As the world tunes in to the Olympics in Tokyo, watching an enormous variety of sports in which athletes of all nationalities compete, it’s evident that these ideas connecting race with sporting ability belong in the garbage can of history. But at the time, they presented a serious challenge to the rights of Jews to fully participate in their wider societies, not least by preventing Jews from joining athletic clubs. Had it not been for a concept that these days seems somewhat dubious, not to mention male-centered, in its wording, Jews might have taken the punishment of the non-Jewish athletic establishment lying down. But at the Second Zionist Congress of 1898, Theodor Herzl’s deputy, Max Nordau, launched a counterattack by delivering an address devoted to “muscular Judaism.” “Let us take up our oldest traditions,” Nordau exhorted the delegates gathered in the Swiss city of Basel. “Let us once

MEMBERS OF TEAM ISRAEL AT THE 2021 TOKYO OLYMPICS. (OLYMPICS/TWITTER)

more become deep-chested, sturdy, sharp-eyed men.” An ardent Zionist who had abandoned observance of the Jewish religion as a teenager, Nordau went on to argue: “For no other people will gymnastics fulfill a more educational purpose than for us Jews. It shall straighten us in body and in character. Our new muscle Jews have not yet regained the heroism of our forefathers who in large numbers eagerly entered the sports arenas in order to take part in the competition and to pit themselves against the highly trained Hellenistic athletes.” Some critics of Zionism have taken this speech as proof that Nordau was himself trafficking in antisemitic stereotypes. Actually, he wasn’t. Rather, he was giving his own interpretation of the impact of discrimination – “In the narrow Jewish street our poor limbs soon forgot their carefree movements. In the dimness of sunless houses, our eyes began to blink shyly. The fear of constant persecution turned our powerful voices into frightened whispers” – on the bodies of the Jews as well as their souls. In practical terms, thousands of Jews responded to Nordau’s call, setting up athletic associations from Manchester to Constantinople and creating sporting competitions for Jewish athletes. Looking at the photos of the time, mainly populated by sculpted, unsmiling men in serious poses that seem to declare, “We are the muscular Jews!”, you can’t help thinking that the explosion of this particular antisemitic caricature was hugely liberating and satisfying to boot. Partly because of this tradition, the Jewish generations of today can engage in sports without fretting about these ancient myths, and with a range of Jewish gymnasts, swimmers, soccer and basketball players, judokas and others as role models. Israel, meanwhile, strikes an enviable balance between the cerebral pursuits traditionally associated with Judaism and life on the sporting field. True, Israel has achieved more in some sports than others – its record in international soccer is, sadly, one of notorious failure – but it’s a work in progress that is making progress. Whatever that sordid mural in Rotterdam says, Jews are running towards the action, not away from it. Ben Cohen is a New York City-based writer and journalist who covers Jewish affairs and international politics.

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A Woman of Valor is remembered Israeli paratroopers jump to honor World War II heroine Hannah Senesh BY YAAKOV LAPPIN

(JNS) Israeli paratroopers have described being deeply moved last week by their experience in a commemorative expedition in Slovenia, held to honor the memory of Hannah Senesh (Szenes) and other Jewish paratroopers who parachuted into the same area of Europe during World War II. “When you jump from the plane, you look right and left, and it takes on a new significance,” the Deputy Commander of the Paratroopers Brigade, Col. (Res.) Oran Bersano, told JNS in recent days. “Hannah Senesh did this at night, in secret, so that no one would discover her here. Today, Israeli soldiers are parachuting in broad daylight with the media waiting for us on the ground. This is moving,” said Bersano. “The Lightning of the Heavens Expedition” was an international joint parachute jump and memorial event that took place in Slovenia, Croatia, and Hungary, which marked the 100th anniversary of the birth of Senesh, the first Jewish female paratrooper. In British Mandatory Palestine at the time, Senesh, who is also known for the emotive and lasting poetry she wrote of the area, enlisted in the British Army in 1943 and went on to become one of 37 volunteers from the Yishuv to parachute into Nazi-occupied Europe in order to help their Jewish brethren. She parachuted into Yugoslavia in March 1944. In June 1944, she was caught by Hungarian forces trying to cross the border into Hungary, arrested

AN ISRAELI PARATROOPER HOLDING FLYING THE FLAG OF ISRAEL WHILE PARACHUTING OVER SLOVENIA AS PART OF COMMEMORATION OF JEWISH WORLD WAR II PARATROOPERS. CREDIT: IDF.

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and brutally tortured, but she refused to disclose sensitive radio codes. She was executed by firing squad in November 1944 at the age of 23. Bersano, whose 94-year-old grandmother is a Holocaust survivor from Hungary, described the feeling of coming full circle by taking part in the jump. “My grandmother’s brother was killed in the 1948 War of Independence, after immigrating by boat in 1944. Before that, he fought in the Hungary-Romanian area against the Nazis as a partisan. So this is a truly significant closing of the circle for me personally,” he said. “Who would have believed then that in 2021, we’d be here in uniform?” he added. Bersano, a father of four who serves 100 days in the Israeli Defense Forces’ reserves each year, trained with the German military in 2019—an experience he also found brimming with historical and contemporary purpose. The expedition also included walking through the forests that the Jewish paratroopers wondered through. “As I speak to you, there is a pastoral river nearby. Not long ago, Jews were thrown in the river in the 1940s. Now, Israeli soldiers are here in uniform. The significance of IDF paratroopers coming to any place in the world is that we are not a nation that does not forget a thing. And that no matter who is in distress, we will come to their aid. This is the Israeli DNA,” said Bersano. The re-enactment of the historical parachute jump was performed at the Cerklje airport in Slovenia, close to the site of the original jump in 1944. Eight IDF paratroopers jumped from a height of 12,000 feet, the IDF said, and this stage included paratroopers from four other countries: Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia and the United Kingdom. The second part of the jump saw 100 members of the expedition parachuting from a height of 1,000 feet, including the Commander of the IDF’s Military Colleges and the Depth Command, Maj. Gen. Itay Veruv; the Commander of the Paratroopers Brigade, Col. Yuval Gez; and Israeli paratroopers from both regular and reserve forces. Once on the ground, participants followed in the footsteps of Senesh and the additional Jewish paratroopers, walking through partisan forests near the towns of Draga and Šmit. On the last day of the expedition, participants met with the local Jewish community and visited Senesh’s tombstone in Kozma, Hungary. “This is not just another visit to a

memorial site and see where Jews suffered. It’s about soldiers stepping here to commemorate,” said Bersano.

‘Writing a new chapter in history’ The joint participation of British, Slovenian and Croatian forces in the event highlights the fact that in the modern era is also profound, the deputy commander added. Soldiers from the different countries exchanged flags and berets. “We learn from history to get to a different place. This cooperation between them and us is shoulder to shoulder,” said Bersano. “We walked together and unveiled Senesh’s memorial site. We played the national anthems of both countries [Israel and Slovenia]. This is a different message to the world—one of cooperation, peace and of writing a new chapter in history.” The last known time that the IDF use parachuting in live operations was in the Sinai Campaign of 1956. Since then, paratroopers have taken key parts in IDF battles, but on the ground.

HANNAH SENESH (JEWISH VIRTUAL LIBRARY)

Bersano explained that safeguarding the ability to drop troops into an arena from the air remains important because it is impossible to know when it might be needed in a future battlefield against any present or future enemy. “We have to safeguard this ability,” he said. “If it was done in the 1940s, I have to assume it might be significant for operations in the future as well.”

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JEWISH LIFE

Hartford man discovers treasure trove of Chabad Rebbe’s Holocaust correspondence BY DOVID MARGOLIN

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n July of 1941, a worried Rabbi Shimon Leib Greenberg of Chicago sent a letter to a Jewish refugee from Nazi-occupied France who had just arrived in New York. The Warsaw-born Greenberg had lived with his wife and stepson in Paris before moving to the United States in 1939, intending to send for his family when he could. In September of 1939 World War II broke out, and by early summer of 1940 the Germans had captured Paris and communication was severed. Did the recent arrival have any word of Greenberg’s loved ones? On Monday, July 14, 1941 (19 Tammuz, 5701), the refugee responded in a handwritten letter. He and his wife, he wrote in Hebrew, had left Paris just days before the Nazis’ arrival on June 14, 1940. Before that, he had seen Greenberg’s stepson, a young man named Yaakov Potlik. But that was then. “A few weeks before our recent trip from France I received regards from Potlik from acquaintances who had come [to Marseille] from Paris and had seen him there,” he wrote. “But they don’t know what the current situation is, in particular since they last saw him before the

current chaos in Paris, when [the Nazis] took many of our brethren Jews and sent them to work” in labor camps. The author of the letter helpfully writes out an address for Rabbi Zalman Schneerson, a Jewish activist aiding refugees in Marseille, and suggests that Greenberg maintain contact with him in order to send food, money and immigration documents to his wife and stepson. He continues, “Currently, it seems to be impossible to send money [to occupied France] through American Express. However, there might be a way to send money through [another recently arrived immigrant] Mr. [Leibish] Heber, and it is best to verify that with him directly.” The new refugee was Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, of righteous memory, still nine years away from assuming his father-in-law’s position as Rebbe of the Chabad-Lubavitch movement. The Rebbe had arrived in New York on the S.S. Serpa Pinto three weeks earlier together with his wife, the Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka.

Greenberg was an eminent Chabad Chassid who had studied at the yeshivah in the White Russian village of Lubavitch, and the Rebbe had known him in Poland and then during their years living in Paris. In response to his request for information, the Rebbe wrote Greenberg his detailed letter and dispatched it to Chicago, where Greenberg was living at the time. The letter was among Greenberg’s possessions when he relocated to Hartford, in 1947, but remained entirely unknown to the world. Then, on June 13, 2021, Leonard Holtz discovered it in a shoebox in his Hartfordarea basement, nearly 80 years to the day of its writing. The letter is a unique historical document because it is one of only two known surviving letters written by the Rebbe in the Jewish calendar year 5701, or October 1940 to September 1941. In fact, the next known letter is dated May of 1942. More, this newly discovered letter sheds light on the Rebbe’s efforts to help his fellow Jews stranded in the Holocaust that would consume European Jewry. The curious fact is that despite the Rebbe’s voluminous output (his published letters alone fill 33 volumes), almost none of his early wartime correspondence have surfaced—though he certainly wrote correspondence during this period. That means there are surely many more out there. From the moment of the letter’s providential discovery the team of scholars at Vaad Hanachos B’Lahak (Lahak), led by Rabbi Chaim Shaul Brook, worked for days straight to bring it to print, adding copious background

and sources in the footnotes. As he went through last-minute proofreading, Brook commented that there are several layers of meaning in the letter. “It is the first time that we see the Rebbe himself speaking of his escape from Paris to Vichy France and then on to America,” he explains. “We knew this information from other testimonies, but here the Rebbe describes it himself. It’s a major revelation.” The letter was published by the Kehot Publication Society in a pamphlet together with a Chassidic discourse delivered by the Rebbe in 1974. It also includes a second recently discovered letter—this one from the summer of 1942—addressed to a Chabad Chassid in a refugee camp in Jamaica, to whom the Rebbe notes he is sending seforim (books) and prayer books for the Jewish refugees in the camp. But the 1941 Holocaust-era letter almost didn’t reach the light of day. That is, until Laura Zimmerman asked her husband, Leonard Holtz, the director of the Hebrew Funeral Association in Hartford, to perhaps spend some time clearing out their basement of the many old books and papers that had piled up there over the years. The day was Sunday, June 13, 2021, or the 3rd of Tammuz on the Jewish calendar, which was also the 27th anniversary of the Rebbe’s passing. But the story doesn’t end there. “I thought to myself, ‘Is this real?’ ” an emotional Holtz tells me by phone about the hours after his discovery, and the otherworldly events that followed. “Could this really be?” And then: “Why did the Rebbe pick me?”

BE THE REB WHICH EENBERG IN , R E GR ETT 1941 L ABBI SHIMON THE LATTER’S . THE JULY WITH R E HAS ABOUT CUPIED PARIS S E R A H C H S ATION NAZI-O INFORMD STEPSON IN N WIFE A

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ON JUN HIS BAS ERA MENA HOL ZI

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Hartford Roots Leonard Holtz is a collector by nature. Over the years, he has built up a large collection of Civil War materials and documents. He reveres old things, particularly Jewish ones: the musky smell of old books; the stamps denoting they came from Vilna, Kovna or Warsaw; the fading, swirling ink of handwritten Yiddish letters. To him, these aren’t just items but pieces of history, a paper trail attesting to the lives of individuals who inhabited a world that no longer exists. This can be a difficult trait, particularly for someone like Holtz, who directs a Jewish funeral home established in Hartford in 1898. From time to time, people ask Holtz to bury the sacred Jewish books and belongings— otherwise known as shaimos or geniza—of their loved one. But as a collector, Holtz finds it difficult to just discard these items, even if it’s being done in accordance with Jewish law, which often requires their burial. “It’s hard to bury these old seforim, so I have the habit of holding on to some of them and asking around if anyone wants these things,” he explains. The Holtz family’s roots go way back in Hartford, where Leonard’s German-Jewish great-grandfather settled in 1865 after serving in the Union Army during the Civil War. The veteran was among the founders of Ados Israel, an Orthodox synagogue in Hartford of which Holtz’s father, the late Herman Holtz, was still president when it closed in the mid-1980s, after most of the city’s Jews had relocated to other parts of the city. How Rabbi Shimon Greenberg made it to Hartford is another story. Born in Poland around 1893, he traveled to White Russia and studied at the famed Lubavitcher yeshivah in Lubavitch. Greenberg was a prolific chazzan, and a number of his original compositions are considered Chassidic classics—among them a tune set to the words Al Achas from the Haggadah. Back in Poland, he married a young widowed mother by the name of Chana Potlik (nee Hurewitz.) In 1932, the Sixth Rebbe—Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn z”l—sent Greenberg to Paris as his emissary, where he raised funds for the yeshivah, worked as a shochet and ritual scribe, and taught Torah. Finding it difficult to support his family, he set out for America in 1939, where he first settled in Chicago. It was from there that he reached out to the Rebbe; tragically, as Lahak’s research shows, Chana Greenberg and her son Yaakov Potlik were deported to Auschwitz in 1943. In 1947, Greenberg moved to Hartford and married a second time. His second wife was likewise a widowed mother, whose name, remarkably, was also Chana Hurewitz—

NE 13, 2021, LEONARD HOLTZ DISCOVERED IN SEMENT A RARE, HANDWRITTEN HOLOCAUSTA LETTER WRITTEN BY THE REBBE, RABBI ACHEM M. SCHNEERSON Z”L. (L-R: LEONARD LTZ, RABBI AVRAHAM BERKOWITZ, LAURA IMMERMAN, RABBI YIRMI BERKOWITZ).

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though not seemingly related to his first wife. There, Greenberg worked as a rabbi at the Hebrew Home for the Aged, taught Torah at the local Young Israel synagogue and was a renowned chazzan in the city before passing away in 1959. “He was also a leading figure in the pietist movement of Lubavitch,” his death notice reads, “and was a disciple of Rabbi M.M. Schneerson.” The now-twice widowed Mrs. Hurewitz Greenberg turned to Herman Holtz, funeral director of the Hebrew Funeral Association in Hartford to conduct the funeral. The elderly Chassid’s services were held at Young Israel of Hartford, but instead of being buried in Connecticut, he was transported to New York and interred at Old Montefiore Cemetery in Queens, New York, just a few rows away from the Ohel of the Sixth Rebbe, which, since 1994, is the site of the Rebbe’s resting place as well. In 2015, Greenberg’s stepson from his second marriage, Samuel Meyer Hurewitz, died at age 80 in Hartford. This time it was Leonard Holtz who conducted the funeral. At the time, he also received a few boxes of shaimos that had once belonged to Rabbi Shimon Greenberg, including an old, uncovered shoebox, which he placed in his basement intending to one day bury with other old books.

The Shoebox While Leonard is a collector, his wife, Laura Zimmerman, is not. Between Leonard’s Civil War collection and the numerous boxes of old Jewish books and Judaica in their Hartfordarea basement, it was getting crowded. June 13, 2021, was a Sunday—a perfect day to clean things out. The year of Covid-19 was particularly hard on Holtz, who spent much of 2020 burying victims of the virus and fearing he could be exposed at any time in the course of his work. Sorting through the clutter in his basement proved to be a cathartic experience. When he started the day, he noticed a large synagogue furnishing with Hebrew words emblazoned on top: “Know Before Whom You Stand,” it read. Towards the end of the day, at about 10 p.m., he finally reached what he calls ‘The Shoebox.’ With every intention of burying it all the next day, he began sifting through the box’s contents. “Inside were letters, many of them all compressed, and suddenly I notice this letterhead that says ‘Rabbi Schneerson, 770 Eastern Parkway,’” he recalls. “I couldn’t believe what I was pulling out of there.” Most were typed correspondences on the Rebbe’s letterhead with the Rebbe’s signature. But one was all handwritten, only the signature matching the others. At the time, Holtz didn’t recall it was the Rebbe’s yahrtzeit nor did he know what to make of his curious find, so he posted a few pictures on a Jewish genealogical Facebook page, including a photo of the Rebbe’s 1941 letter. Within 20 minutes he began receiving Facebook messages and friend requests

asking for more information. Fortunately, one of those who saw it and reached out to Holtz was Brooklyn-based Rabbi Avraham Berkowitz, who immediately recognized the letter’s historic importance. “When I saw it I was stunned,” Berkowitz says. “We knew of almost no surviving letters for the entire 1941, and out of the blue, on 3 Tammuz, someone posts a letter written by the Rebbe three weeks after his arrival? And it’s him trying to help someone locate family members in Europe? I couldn’t sleep the entire night.” Beyond the obvious importance of the letter’s contents, Berkowitz also strongly believed that the most fitting home for such a document was just a couple hundred feet away from where it was written 80 years ago—the Central Library of Agudas Chassi-dei Chabad at 770 Eastern Parkway in Brooklyn.

‘Something Powerful Is Going On’ Berkowitz and Holtz connected first by Facebook messenger, and then by phone, speaking for an hour early Monday morning. Inundated with messages, Holtz took his Facebook post down. On Wednesday Berkowitz, his 17-year-old son Menachem, and his brother—Rabbi Yirmi Berkowitz of the Kehot Publication Society, representing the Chabad Library as well—drove from Brooklyn to Hartford to see the letters in person. There was the Rebbe’s handwritten letter, but others as well, including letters to Greenberg from the Sixth Rebbe. By then, Holtz had placed the items in protective plastic sleeves and laid them out on his broad kitchen table. From the beginning, the experience for Holtz was like “stepping into a moment in my life when something very, very powerful is going on,” he says. “I realized I was dealing with something very special.” If it was only the happenstance of the date, that would have been enough. But there would be more. The Holtzes warmly received the Berkowitzes in their home. As they looked over the letters and discussed the lives of the individuals mentioned, Rabbi Yirmi Berkowitz asked whether Holtz might have more information about Greenberg’s burial arrangements. Holtz’s father, a collector too, had retained files for funerals he did long after legally mandated, and so Holtz still had Greenberg’s full 1959 records. Then, seeking to find out more information, Holtz went into his office to pull out a copy of Jewish Cemeteries of Hartford, Connecticut, an important genealogical tool compiled in the 1990s by Edward Allen Cohen and Lewis Goldfarb with information from nearly every Jewish gravestone in the region, stretching back a century. As Holtz pulled a volume out of the shelf something fell out: It was a magazine with a portrait of the Rebbe on the cover. “The visionary leader who spoke only one language,” the text on the cover reads. “Yours.” There was an audible gasp in the room.

“It was just, ‘How is this happening?’” recounts Holtz. The 2014 magazine had been sent to Jewish homes in the area by Rabbi Yosef Gopin, director of Chabad of Greater Hartford, but neither Holtz nor Zimmerman recalled it at all. Then they opened the magazine. Inside was an article about Chabad’s Merkos Shlichus “Roving Rabbis” program profiling two yeshivah students who had spent their summer sharing Judaism in Alaska. One of them was Rabbi Avraham Berkowitz. “The article was about Avraham Berkowitz and here he is in the room,” Holtz recounts. “If this didn’t happen to us, I wouldn’t have believed it.” In the stunned minutes of silence that followed, Holtz and Zimmerman knew that the letters belonged back home at 770, gifting them to the Chabad Library then and there. On Wednesday evening, the Berkowitzes brought the newly discovered archive to Brook, who carefully scanned every letter and fragment. On Thursday morning the collection was presented to Rabbi Sholom Dovber Levine, chief librarian of the Chabad Library, where it was cataloged and added to the existing Greenberg file. The story’s layers are multifold and intricate. There are the Holtz family’s many Hartford connections with the Greenberg and Hurewitz families, including the funeral arrangements of two patriarchs a halfcentury apart; Rabbi Greenberg’s martyred and forgotten family, all of a sudden coming to life; and Greenberg himself: gone for six decades, lying just feet away from the Ohel but with no one to say Kaddish for him. Then there are the boxes given for shaimos that accidently went unburied, all the records saved, and all of it coming together 80 years later to the day—and on the Rebbe’s own yahrtzeit. Holtz and Berkowitz have become friends. Together with his wife, he hopes to soon visit the Library in Crown Heights and the Rebbe’s Ohel in Queens—with a stop at the resting place of Rabbi Shimon Greenberg. “So many things had to happen to make this happen, for the letter to go full circle and for us to meet this wonderful new family,” says Holtz. “If you didn’t have faith before, if you didn’t understand something special was happening until now—this event sends a sign.” After all, it was the Rebbe who taught that the miraculous is in actuality a heightened sense of reality. That nothing is an accident, the world is not a discordant collection of parts but an interconnected whole, and that miracles and wonders take place all around us. We must just open our eyes to their existence.

JEWISH LEDGER

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AUGUST 6, 2021

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Apparently the Torah is here speaking of our Holy City of Jerusalem, because it appears in the context of Israel’s entry into the Promised Land and the necessity to destroy the altars of idolatry before establishing our Temple to God. But why is Jerusalem not named? The Bible has already identified Malki-Zedek as the King of Salem (JeruSalem the City of Peace) as far back as the period of Abraham (Gen. 14:18), and Mount Moriah had been designated as the place where the Almighty “would be seen” right after the Binding of Isaac (Gen. 22:14). Moreover, the Bible has no hesitation in identifying places. So why the reluctance to name Jerusalem here? In his philosophic masterpiece, Guide for the Perplexed (part 3, chapter 45), Maimonides establishes the principle that Divine Service in the Temple was mainly directed against idolatry. Mount Moriah was the highest mountain in the region, so it was specifically chosen by God for the Holy Temple in order to attest to the superiority of God over all other idols! And this Divine intent had previously been revealed to Abraham. If so, why does Moses here hide the precise identity of the City of God? Maimonides offers three reasons. First of all, he felt that publication of the name of the unique city would only incite the other nations to make war against Israel in order to acquire Jerusalem. Second, the other nations might attempt to destroy the city — if only to keep the Israelites from acquiring it. Finally, Moses feared that the tribes would fight over it, each desirous of having Jerusalem within its own borders. In addition to Maimonides insights, there is even further significance behind Moses’ reluctance to reveal the precise name of the city. In the ancient world, every nation-state had its own god, whom the citizens believed lived within the boundaries of that nation-state. Jerusalem was to be the city which would house the Holy Temple of God; but God would exclusively dwell neither within the Temple nor within that city. God was the Lord of the entire universe, who could not be encompassed even by by the entire cosmos, less so by a single structure or

single city. One of the most difficult messages Moses had to convey to his people was that God is not limited by physical dimensions. Yes, Maimonides sets down in his Mishneh Torah that the sanctity of Jerusalem is the sanctity of the Divine Presence (Shekhinah), and just as the Divine Presence is eternal and can never be destroyed, so the sanctity of Jerusalem is eternal and can never be made obsolete (Laws of the Chosen Temple, 6:14). The great sage’s point is that the Divine Presence can never be physically destroyed because the Divine Presence is not a physical entity; it can’t be subject to creation or destruction. There is one place in the world, teaches Moses, where God has consistently been recognized as the Creator of the world and foundation of ethical monotheism for all of humanity. One’s name is not one’s physical being, but one’s name is the medium by which one is recognized and called upon. MalkiZedek, ancient King of Jerusalem and identified with Shem the son of Noah, recognized God as the power who enabled Abraham to emerge victorious in his battle against the four despotic Kings, and thereby rescue Lot from captivity. Abraham himself recognized God as the ultimate arbiter over life and death, the one to whom we must commit ourselves and our future, when he brought his beloved son Isaac to the akedah on Mount Moriah (Jerusalem). God’s name is on Jerusalem; it is the city in which the God of ethical monotheism is to be recognized and served! Finally, the name Jerusalem is not specifically mentioned because this recognition of God as the guardian of justice and compassion, lovingkindness and truth is necessary not only for the people of Jerusalem, for all the tribes of Israel, but rather for the entire world. When God initially elects Abraham, the Almighty charges him and his descendants with a universal mission: “Through you all the families of earth shall be blessed”. (Gen. 12:3). The prophet Isaiah speaks of our vision of the end of the days, when the Holy Temple will rise from the top of the mountains, and all nations will rush to it to learn from our ways: “From Zion shall come forth Torah and the word of God from Jerusalem... so that nation shall not lift up sword against nation and humanity will not learn war anymore.” (Isa. 2:3-4) May the God who cannot be confined to any physical place reveal His teaching of peace and security from Jerusalem His City to everyone throughout the world.

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Briefs Ben & Jerry’s Jewish co-founders “unequivocally” support boycott decision

matter. “Discrimination against some Jews harms all Jews worldwide,” he wrote. Unilever is also receiving blows in the United States, with Illinois having announced last week it intends to take sanctions against the company. Illinois joins other states, like Texas, New York and New Jersey, which have already proposed similar measures.

(JNS) The Jewish co-founders of Ben & Jerry’s said in an op-ed for The New York Times that they support the company’s decision to stop selling its products in the “occupied Palestinian territories.” “As Jewish supporters of the State of Israel, we fundamentally reject the notion that it is antisemitic to question the policies of the State of Israel,” Bennett Cohen and Jerry Greenfield, who have no operational control over the ice-cream company, wrote in the op-ed published on Wednesday. “It’s possible to support Israel and oppose some of its policies, just as we’ve opposed policies of the U.S. government.” Cohen and Greenfield founded Ben & Jerry’s in 1978 and sold it to Unilever in 2000 for approximately $150 million. In their op-ed, they also accused Israel of an “illegal occupation” that “violates the basic human rights of the Palestinian people who live under the occupation.” The pair said they “unequivocally” support the company’s decision to “end business in the occupied territories” and that they were “proud” of the move, which they also called “especially brave.” They believe that “ending the sales of ice cream in the occupied territories is one of the most important decisions the company has made in its 43-year history.” “That we support the company’s decision is not a contradiction nor is it anti-Semitic,” they added. “In fact, we believe this act can and should be seen as advancing the concepts of justice and human rights, core tenets of Judaism. We see the company’s recent action … not as anti-Israel, but as part of a long history of being pro-peace.”

GOP senators introduce bill to ban antisemitic countryof-origin labels

Ecuador’s largest grocer takes Ben & Jerry’s off the shelf

Israeli athlete makes history with first Olympic gold in gymnastics

(Israel Hayom via JNS) Ecuador’s largest supermarket chain, owned by El Rosado Group, has announced that it will no longer sell ice cream manufactured by Unilever, which owns Ben & Jerry’s. The company has over 180 stores across Ecuador and is joining other supermarket stores worldwide that are protesting the decision by Ben & Jerry’s not to sell ice cream beyond Israel’s pre-1967 Green Line. “For us, [the] decision is worrying and scandalous,” El Rosado Group CEO Johnny Czarninski wrote in a letter to Unilever. He also contacted Israeli Interior Minister Ayelet Shaked to let her know about the decision, after she approached him on the jewishledger.com

(JTA) – Seven Republican senators are backing a bill that would enshrine as law one of former President Donald Trump’s final orders – requiring products from the portion of the West Bank controlled entirely by Israel to be labeled as originating in Israel. The Anti-BDS Labeling Act introduced this week by Sen. Tom Cotton, R-Ark., refers to the movement to boycott, divest from and sanction Israel. It comes on the heels of the controversy surrounding ice cream maker Ben & Jerry’s recent decision to pull its products out of the West Bank. Republican lawmakers, however, have been talking about enacting the Trump order since Dec. 23, when the lame-duck president issued the measure less than a month before leaving office. Biden has not rescinded the order, which applies to goods manufactured in Area C,which is where Jewish settlements are concentrated and which is under Israeli control. The bill has no chance of passage in the Democratic-controlled Senate. Also in the West Bank are the much smaller Area A, which is under total Palestinian Authority control, and Area B under joint Israel-P.A. control. Under Trump’s order, products from those areas are labeled as coming from the West Bank. In addition to Cotton, the bill is being backed by Marco Rubio and Rick Scott of Florida; Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty of Tennessee; Ted Cruz of Texas; and John Boozman of Arkansas.

(JNS) Artem Dolgopyat won Israel’s first Olympic gold medal in artistic gymnastics in Tokyo on Sunday, the country’s secondever Olympic gold. Dolgopyat beat Spanish gymnast Rayderley Zapata in a tiebreaker after both were awarded a score of 14.933 in the event finals. The judges awarded Dolgopyat the win due to his slightly more difficult routine, according to AP. Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett interrupted the weekly Security Cabinet meeting on Sunday to call Dolgopyat, according to a statement from Bennett’s office. “Artem, congratulations! Well done. You made history and have brought us enormous pride. How do you feel?” asked

Bennett. “I am very satisfied that I have realized my dream and represented the State of Israel with honor. I would like to thank everyone who was with me at that moment. This warms the heart,” said Dolgopyat. “You have made great history here,” said Bennett. “We stopped the Cabinet meeting in the middle to congratulate you because you have brought this enormous news. On behalf of the Government of Israel and the citizens of Israel, we are all proud of you and are awaiting your return to Israel in order to celebrate. Thank you and good luck.” Dolgopyat’s win comes after the Israeli judo team won bronze in the mixed judo team event in Tokyo on Saturday, after disappointing individual performances during the week. The team beat out Russia 4:1 and Brazil 4:2.

Three Jewish brothers make NHL draft history (JNS) Three Jewish brothers became the first American family to have three siblings picked in the first round of the National Hockey League (NHL) Draft. Luke Hughes, 17, became the third brother in his family to be drafted by the NHL when it was announced last Friday, July 16, that he would play for the New Jersey Devils during the 2021 NHL Draft live from the Prudential Center. The Canton, Michigan, native and defenseman was the fourth overall pick in Friday’s selection and joins his brother Jack on the team. Jack, a center, was picked first overall by the Devils in 2019, which made him the first Jewish hockey player to ever be drafted in the number one spot. In 2018, the oldest Hughes brother, Quinn, was drafted by the Vancouver Canucks as the seventh pick. The Hughes brothers come from parents who were also hockey players. Their mother, Ellen Weinberg-Hughes, who is Jewish, played hockey, soccer and lacrosse at the University of New Hampshire. She also competed for USA and won a silver medal at the 1992 IIHF Ice Hockey Women’s World Championship. Their father, Jim, was a hockey player for Providence College and an assistant coach for the Boston Bruins.

a video posted on YouTube on June 25. Abbasi, an imam, claimed that the Quran predicted that Jews will have an advantage over Muslims in the future, and that Jews bring corruption, mischief and tumult throughout the world according to the Quran. “At a time when antisemitic violence is on the rise throughout the United States, no one, especially someone charged with educating young adults, should be further fanning the flames of anti-Semitism like this and endorsing violence against Israel,” Zeldin said in a news release. “As we saw last month, the CUNY faculty has an anti-Semitism problem, and this is just another example. Mohammad Abbasi and his hateful anti-Jewish and anti-Israel rhetoric have absolutely no place in any American classroom, and we cannot afford to have him brainwashing any students with his anti-Semitism. He must be fired immediately, and CUNY needs to take thorough measures to purge anti-Semitism from the ranks of its faculty.” Last month, the congressman and a whistleblower helped expose the adoption of a Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions resolution by the CUNY Professional Staff Congress. He said that the resolution was in violation of a 2016 New York executive order which would prohibit the state conducting business with institutions that promote BDS aces Commissioner is required to maintain and update a list of entities participating in BDS. The action by the professors’ union representatives led to the resignation from the union of more than 50 professors at the university this week in protest of the one-sided resolution condemning Israel. The resolution condemned Israel over its recent handling of the conflict against Hamas terrorists in the Gaza Strip, but omitted mention that Hamas was firing rockets at Israel’s civilian population centers. The resolution instead called it a “massacre” of Palestinians during their struggle for self-determination. The resolution also denounced what it called Israel’s “expansionism and violent incursions into occupied territories.”

Zeldin calls for firing of CUNY professor after antisemitic sermon (JNS) Rep. Lee Zeldin (R-N.Y.) this week called for the firing of City University of New York (CUNY) of Professional Studies professor Mohammad Abbasi, after a video of him preaching to a congregation in New Jersey showed him making anti-Semitic statements. “With the help of Allah, [the Muslims] will erase this filth called Israel,” Abbasi concluded during his address to the Islamic Center of Union City, based on JEWISH LEDGER

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THE KOSHER CROSSWORD AUGUST 6, 2021 “Biblical Disney Hits” By: Yoni Glatt

Difficulty Level: Easy

Vol. 93 No. 32 JHL Ledger LLC Publisher Henry M. Zachs Managing Partner

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ANSWERS TO JULY 30 CROSSWORD

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Across 1. Beats it 7. Ogled 11. Has too much, for short 14. Kind of sweatshirt 15. Like Israel compared to Egypt or Saudi Arabia 16. Bust a rhyme 17. 2009 Disney hit sung by Moshe during year 39 in the dessert? 19. Like many ETS in movies 20. Was a ganev 21. Yarmulke for an angel? 22. Song, in Israel 23. 1992 Disney hit sung by Jonathan to David? 26. A lot of Switz.

29. “So far,” on a quarterly pay stub: Abbr. 30. Amy, to Jo or Beth 31. The “A” of B.A. 33. Words before “Rock”, in a Simon & Garfunkel hit 36. Storage area, for some 39. 1989 Disney hit sung by Jethro? 42. Country that wasn’t exactly building a lot of shuls in the 16th century 43. Steroids-Era star Sammy 44. “What ___ thinking?!” 45. Blasting caps? 46. Abbr. in “Spice and Spirit” 48. Prevalent instrument in “Who Can It Be Now?” (or Shlock Rock’s

“Modeh Ani Now”) 49. 2010 Disney hit sung by Joseph? 55. Animals that cause issues for Jews 56. Yisrael preceder 57. Very fast 61. Ewan will be playing him again, for short 62. 2016 Disney hit sung by Ruth to Naomi? 64. NFL receiver Bryant 65. “Take ___ empty stomach” (prescription direction) 66. Word with self or high 67. Hebron to Arad dir. 68. Aloe woman 69. Tzedek of note, in Jerusalem

Down 1. Party or book collection 2. Manning, for many years or Rivers, for only one 3. Tony who had much less success than Manning or Rivers 4. Meeting someone under 85 with this name might be concerning 5. Hit Stephen King adaptation with James Caan 6. One of three needed for men at Wimbledon 7. Coen or Hawke 8. Red-and-white road sign 9. Sign up, in London 10. It’s used to make blue tzitzit strings 11. Groups of people who know the

score? 12. StarKist alternative 13. Architectural topper 18. “Those were ___!” 22. Lift on the slopes 24. “I’ll do ___ you will” 25. Part of Caesar’s boast, in English 26. Almanac illustrations 27. Sprung thing 28. What a good chess player does 32. Wasp wounds 34. Cow call 35. Where the most notable 4-Down was from 37. “Casablanca” character 38. 409, in Roman numerals 40. Suspicious of

41. Bulldoze, in London 47. Longtime Celtic Robert 49. Devices made obsolete by smartphones 50. Feelings 51. Popular steak cut 52. Sadat Assassinated for making peace with Israel 53. Upper Galilee Kibbutz with a girl’s name 54. Country between Libya and Italy 58. Court stance 59. Disney leader Bob 60. Israel’s Iron one saves lives 62. Carpool lane Abbr. 63. Hi- or low- quality

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WHAT’S HAPPENING Jewish organizations are invited to submit their upcoming events to the our What’s Happening section. Events are placed on the Ledger website on Tuesday afternoons. Deadline for submission of calendar items is the previous Tuesday. Send items to: judiej@ jewishledger.com.

MONDAY, AUGUST 2

WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 4 “A Wonderful World” in Southbury “A Wonderful World,” an evening of music by Louie Armstrong, performed by Larry Gareau Quartet, will be performed at the Jewish Federation of Western CT, 444 Main St. North, on Aug. 4 a 7 p.m.; doors open at 6:30 p.m. Light refreshments will be served. Admission: $18. For more info: infojewishfederation@jfed.net.

THURSDAY, AUGUST 5

27th Annual Or Shalom Golf Tournament

Love & Knishes with Meg Capen

Save the date for the annual Or Shalom Gold Tournament to be held August 2, 8 a.m. at Orange Country Club. Breakfast and a BBQ lunch are included in the entry fee (kosher dietary laws observed). For information and to register: (203) 7992341.

TUESDAY, AUGUST 3 Virtual Panel Discussion on Black Americans’ Migration to CT The Jewish Community Relations Council of Greater Hartford and the Jewish Leadership Academy, of the Jewish Federation of Greater Hartford, will conclude a summer series of community conversations on racism on Aug. 3 at 2 p.m., with a panel discussion entitled “The Warmth of Connecticut Suns.” Inspired The Warm of the Suns by Isabel Wilkerson , a history of the Great Migration of Black Americans from the American South to the cities of the North and West. The discussion will feature: Stacey Close, Ph.D., professor of African American History at Eastern Connecticut State University; attorney and author Constance Belton Green, J.D., Ed.D., the first Black woman to graduate from UConn School of Law; and Benjamin Foster Jr., Ed.D., professor of African American Studies and Religion at Central Connecticut State University. About 70 community members are reading The Warmth of Other Suns in conjunction with the Community Conversations series – either through a synagogue or private book group, a Federation-run book group, or on their own, using Federation’s reading and reflection guide. You do not need to have read The Warmth of Other Suns by Isabel Wilkerson to attend. The program is FREE; registration is required. For more information, contact Jody Angell at jody@ jlahartford.org. To learn more about the series, email Alana Butler at abutler@ jewishhartford.org.

Meg Capen, a classically trained mezzo soprana who has studied with musicians such as Antonia Lavanne from the Mannes School of Music and Maestro Ubaldo Fabbri and dalton Baldwin, will perform at Love & Knishes on Aug. 5 at 12 noon Capen will be accompanied by Dawn Marie Conroy. She has given vocal solo recitals, oratorio and operatic performances in New York and throughout New England and Europe. Love & Knishes is a program of Jewish Federation of Western CT, located at 444 Main St North in Southern.$10/lunch & entertainment. For more information: infojewishfederation@jfed.net.

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concert featuring singer and musician Holley McCreary and hosted by the JCC in Sherman, 9 Rte 39 South. In case of rain, concert will be held indoors. Face masks required for those not vaccinated. Reservations required. $20/members, $25/non-members. For information, visit jccinsherman.org.

THURSDAY, AUGUST 19 The Rosh Hashanah You Thought You Knew Dip into an inspiring and thoughtprovoking exploration of the Jewish New Year with Rabbi Tzvi Sytner. Hosted by UJA/JCC Greenwich on Aug. 19, 112:301:30 p.m. For more information, visit ujajcc. org.

SATURDAY, AUGUST 21 Screening of “Maktub” in West Hartford The Emanuel Synagogue will host a screening of the Israeli comedy, “Maktub,” on Aug. 21 at 8:30 p.m., in the synagogue’s parking lot, 160 Mohegan Drive, West Hartford. Admission is FREE. For information, call (860) 236-1275.

Lunch & Learn: “Re’eh – The Philosophical Parsha” Alex Troy will lead a Lunch & Learn discussion on the parish Re’eh. Topics will include what does Judaim say about the knotty problem of free will? Hosted by UJA/JCC Greenwich on Aug. 5, 12:30 - 1:30 p.m. For information, visit ujajcc.org.

FRIDAY, AUGUST 6 Bring your kids for ice cream and PJ Library story time. On Aug. 6 at 4 p.m. Online registration closes at 2 p.m. on Aug. 6. For information, visit ujajcc.org.

THURSDAY, AUGUST 12 Lunch & Learn: As the Rabbi Rabbi Moshe Edelman will answer 24 oftenpresented questions that “cross a rabbi’s eyes”–customs, ceremonies, laws, rituals... Then, share your own queries and concerns that you’ve always wanted to share with a rabbi. Hosted by UJA/JCC Greenwich on Aug. 12, 112:30-1:30 p.m. For more information, visit ujajcc.org.

SATURDAY, AUGUST 14 Holley McCreary iin Concert

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Adeena Susan, on Sept. 1, 8 p.m. Recipes include: Halvah Gazoz and chicken with date syrup from Adeena, and salatim (a two of salads) from Michael. $10

SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 12 Picking for the Pantry Pick apples at Silverman’s Farm in Easton on Sept. 12, 3 - 4:30 p.m. Hosted by PJ Library and UJA/JCC of Greenwich, this event will benefit local families who use the Schoke Jewish Family Service Kosher Food Pantry. No rain date. $36/family (includes a bag for picked apples to be donated to the food pantry. For information, contact uja@ ujajcc.org.

SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 19 Keney Park Reunion Share memories of Keney Park and the North End at this reunion to be held at the park on Sept. 19 at 2 p.m.; Learn about the Keney Park Sustainability Project and tour their site with its vegetable garden beekeeping and maple syrup making. Hoted by the Jewish Historical Society of Greater Hartford. $15/members; $18/ non-members. For more information or to register, visit jhsgh.org.

THURSDAY, AUGUST 26 Jewish Approaches to Health and Wellness Mind says yes, body, not so much. A look at how our tradition sees both physical and mental health issues led by Rabbi Richard F. Address. Hosted by UJA/JCC Greenwich on Aug. 26, 112:30-1:30 p.m. For more information, visit ujajcc.org.

Ice Cream Truck Fridays

Bring your mask and a chair to this outdoor 18

AUGUST 2 – SEPTEMBER 19

FRIDAY, AUGUST 27 “Shabbat Under the Stars” at Emanuel Synagogue Friday, Aug. 27, 6:00 p.m.–The Emanuel Synagogue will host “Shabbat Under the Stars” in the shul’s parking lot, on Aug. 27 at 6 p.m. Services followed by Shabbat dinner. Located at 160 Mohegan. Dr., West Hartford. Reservations and payment needed for dinner. For information or to register, visit emanuelsynagogue.org.

WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 1 “A Very Israeli Rosh Hashanah” Cooking Demo A one-hour live interactive virtual cooking class with 5-time James Beard Foundation award-winning Chef Michael Solomon and NY Times best-selling cookbook author

Travel to Israel with Stamford Federation Join the United Jewish Federation of Greater Stamford for an eight-day trip to Israel during Chanukah, Nov. 28 - Dec. 5. Rabbi Jay TelRav of Temple Sinai will serve as the trip’s rabbinic scholar. Mission highlights will include visits to: the new museum at the Tel Aviv Peres Center for Peace and Innovation; Sderot and Gaza border (Netiv Haadara); Afula/HGilboa with dinner in Arab villages; City of David and more. Stay in four and five star hotels. For more information or to reserve your spot, email dianesloyer@ujf. org.

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IN MEMORIAM

Carl Levin, longtime Jewish senator from Michigan, was 87 (JTA) – Carl Levin, the Jewish Michigander who spent 36 years as a fierce inquisitor in the Senate, has died at 87. The Levin Center at Wayne State University Law School announced Levin’s passing on Thursday. It did not give a date or cause of death, but Levin was diagnosed with lung cancer four years ago. The center, named for Levin, focuses on the passion of his career: government oversight. Levin, first elected to the Senate in 1978, became his state’s longest-serving senator. From 2001 until his retirement in 2015, Levin served as the chairman or the ranking member of the Senate Armed Services Committee. He was always a little disheveled and spoke softly, and his staffers described him as a rarity – a kind and accommodating boss in the world’s most intense pressure chamber. “Carl Levin was a giant of a Senator and a giant of a human being with a big heart and a kind soul. He made his mark and will go down in history as one of the best,” former California Senator Barbara Boxer told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. President Joe Biden, who served with Levin in the Senate for decades, evoked Levin’s signature avuncularity in his remembrance. “With his head tilted down, his eyes peering over his glasses – Carl always looked people straight into their own eyes, listened with an open mind, and responded the way he saw it with respect,” Biden said. Levin could be fierce in eliciting testimony in the Senate as chairman of the subcommittee on investigations. Hauling Goldman Sachs executives before his committee in 2010, amidst the carnage of the 2008 financial collapse, he said, quoting an internal email: “You knew it was a ‘shitty deal’ and you didn’t tell your clients. Does that bother you at all?” He repeated “shitty deal” a half dozen times in two minutes, and his subjects squirmed on camera. Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., who like Levin is Jewish and has a reputation as a relentless inquisitor – in Wyden’s case, the target is the intelligence community – paid tribute to his colleague’s probity. ““Every single day for years and years, Carl Levin gave public service a good name,” Wyden told JTA. “Whether it was holding powerful special interests accountable, focusing on economic policies that gave everybody in America the chance to get ahead, or building principled bipartisan alliances across the aisle, he represented what doing the people’s business is all about.” Levin’s liberal economic outlook was jewishledger.com

shaped as he watched the diminishment of his once muscular and beloved city, Detroit. He fought hard for car manufacturers in Congress, knowing the lifeblood that they were for his state’s working class. He worked as a taxi driver while in college – he said he knew Detroit’s every block – and on an assembly line at Chrysler. Levin was a dove who spoke out early against the George W. Bush administration’s plans to invade Iraq, but as chairman of the committee that shaped military policy he was also a defender of protections for the armed forces, sometimes to what fellow Democrats was a fault. He successfully prevented bids to take investigations of sexual misconduct out of the hands of the line of command. Joe Lieberman, who served for years in the Senate as a Democrat and then an Independent, said Levin’s work ethic endeared him to both sides of the aisle. ” “He was absolutely trusted by all of us who were privileged to serve with him,” Lieberman, who is Jewish, told JTA. “We trusted his ethics, we trusted his judgment, and we trusted his advice because we knew he had ‘read the bill’ and thought about it before he spoke. And we liked him too. That made him a very effective senator. It also meant he had as many friends and legislative partners among Republicans as among Democrats, particularly on the Senate Armed Services Committee where I served with Carl for two decades. ” Levin told interviewers he grew up in a middle-class household in Detroit and that his parents, Saul and Bess Levin, were Zionists. Bess was active in Hadassah. His brother “Sandy and I and our sister Hannah used to call ourselves Hadassah Orphans because when we got home in the afternoon, my mother was never there,” he said in an oral history for the Detroit Jewish Federation. “She was volunteering for Hadassah.” Lieberman said Levin would convene the Jewish senators to partake of pre-Rosh Hashanah goodies. “He also brought us together every year before Rosh Hashonah in his hideaway for apples, honey, and a good cup of sweet kosher wine,” he said. Levin was a go-to senator for lobbyists from the American Israel Public Affairs Committee and was attentive to their requests for defense assistance to Israel. However, he parted ways with AIPAC when the lobby, heeding the Israeli government at the time, opposed the emerging Iran nuclear deal in 2015. Even after his retirement in 2015, as the

deal neared completion, Levin remained influential, urging his former colleagues to back the deal. He was devoted to the entire state, traveling to its farthest corners to meet constituents. A staffer recalled to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency that he convened the staff after a woman in an airport complained to him that she had not heard back from his office after writing. The talk, the staffer said, was “serious,” but not a rebuke and not unkind. Levin’s older brother Sander Levin was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1982, and from 2010-2012 – when Sander was the chairman of the taxwriting Ways and Means Committee and Carl chaired the Senate Armed Services Committee – they were the most powerful brothers in Washington. They were throughout their lives the closest of friends. Sander, who retired in 2019 – replaced by his son and Carl’s nephew, Andy Levin – described his

FORMER U.S. SEN. CARL LEVIN SPEAKS AT THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE WORLD BANK IN WASHINGTON, D.C., MAY 23, 2015. (LAWLER DUGGAN/FOR THE WASHINGTON POST VIA GETTY IMAGES)

sadness in 2014 anticipating Carl’s retirement. “We’ve been the longest-serving siblings in the history of Congress,” Sander Levin told the Detroit Free Press. “We were raised together and have always been very close … we roomed together at law school … whenever there were issues of common interests, we talked quite a lot. And we sat together for 32 State of the Union Addresses. So it will be very different not sitting together this year.”

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OBITUARIES BLANK Gerald Issar Blank, M.D., 92, of Hamden, died July 21. He was the husband of Lilo Knodt. Born in Brooklyn, N.Y., he was the son of the late Francis Blank and Alexander Blank. He served in the U.S. Army as a medic for two years. In addition to his wife, he is survived by his son (by a previous relationship) Use Marhenke; his children with his wife, Michael Blank and his wife Marlene Eisenberg, and Naomi Blank; his step-daughter Ursula; his grandchildren and step-grandchildren. He was predeceased by his step-son, Helmut.

Born in Meriden, she was the daughter of Joseph and Bertha (Brodsky) Kessler. She is survived by her children, Douglas Fishman and his wife Dena Rosenbloom, and Sarah Boyle and her partner Raul Cooke; her grandchildren, Zoe and Lili Fishman, Mathias and Casey Boyle; her stepgrandchildren Lia Rosenbloom and Aaron Rosenbloom-Snow; her brothers, Richard and Lew Kessler; her sisters-in-law, Susan Anderson, Laura Landes and her husband Jerry, Bernice Simons, and Charles (Chuck) Fishman and his wife Margaret; and many nieces, nephews and cousins.

ETTINGER Irwin Ettinger, 83, of Stamford died July 23. He was the husband of wife Arlene Ettinger. He was born in Brooklyn, N.Y. In addition to his wife, he is survived by his children, Melissa, Craig and his wife Jessica, and Rachel; his grandchildren, Zoe, Matthew, Jason, Josh and Sara).

GRODD Stuart David Grodd, 90, of Redding, formerly of Woodbridge, CT, died July 29. He was the husband of Velma (Grundfast) Grodd. Born in New Haven, he was the son of the late Albert and Anne “Bernie” (Cohen) Grodd. He served in the U.S. Army from 1953-1955 where he achieved the rank of Sergeant in Field artillery. He was a member of Congregation Mishkan Israel. In addition to his wife, he is survived by his children, Arthur Grodd and his wife Peggy, Stacey Bland, and Ilene Kauffman and her husband Paul; his brother Robert; his sister Rena; his grandchildren and their spouses, Alexander and Morgan Hangar Grodd, Elizabeth and Aaron Friedman, Matthew and Rita Grodd, Jamie and Loren Flaum, Erica and Matthew Lear, Gillian Bland and Doug, Hank, Greer, and Mitch Kauffman; and nine great-grandchildren.

FEINSTEIN Alan Evans Feinstein, 78, of Wallingford, formerly of Hamden, died July 30. Born in New Haven, he was the son of the late Milton and Esther Feinstein. He is survived by his daughter, Michelle Lakin and her husband Brian, and his grandchildren, Shayna, Jacob, and Aaron. FIRTEL Wendy Schlossman Firtel, 56, formerly of Cheshire, died July 23. She was the wife of Douglas Firtel. She was the daughter of Dr. Ralph and Ruth Schlossman. In addition to her husband, she is survived by her sons, Noah, Jordan and Max; her sister Marcie and her husband Marvin; her father-in-law Burton Firtel; and her nephews and niece. She was a member of Temple Beth David of Cheshire. FISHMAN Linda (Kessler) Fishman, 87, formerly of Bloomfield and West Hartford, died July 23. She was the widow of David Fishman.

GUTHART Leonard (Lenny) Guthart of Newington, died July 25. Born in Hartford, he was the son of the late Abraham and Alyce Guthart. He was also predeceased by his twin brother, Fred, He is survived by his daughter, Naomi Saccavino and her husband Charles Saccavino of Newington; his grandsons, Steven and Matthew Saccavino; his niece Neeli Mann; his longtime companion, Roberta Buland; and several cousins.

KAHN Bertha (Rosenthal) Kahn, 98, of New Haven, has died. She was he wife of Justin Kahn. Born in Beefeldern, Hesse, German, she was the daughter of Irma Hamburger and Willy Rosenthal. She and her family fled Germany in the days leading up to the Holocaust. She is survived by her children, Harriet Fast and her husband Jack, and Michael Kahn, and Doris Kahn-Preston; her grandchildren, Katharine Fast, Betsy Fast, Jessica Preston and Joshua Preston. and seven great-grandchildren: Bill, Rose and Pete Smith; Lucas and Jonathan Truncone; Clara Preston, and Lucie Fast-Lehembre. NESSIM Elaine Silver Nessim, 88, of Stamford, died July 26. She was the widow of Ben Nessim. Born in the Bronx, New York, she was the daughter of Sam and Rose Silver. She is survived by Janis Nessim, Sheila Krulis, Charles Krulis, Cheryl Brown, Stuart Brown; and her grandchildren, Jessica, Emily, Kevin Krulis, Brian and Kelly Brown. ROMO Janice (Kroop) Romo, 73, of New Haven, died July 20. She was the wife of Daniel F. Romo. Born in Fairfield, she was the daughIn addition to her husband, she is survived by her children, Lindsay Ervin and her husband Tim, and Adam Romo and his wife MariaMaria); her sisters, Amy Kroop Turner and Susan Kroop Williams and her husband Lenny; her sister-in-law Lisa Roberto and her husband Chris); her grandchildren, Matthew and Christopher Ervin and Jaxon Romo; and countless nieces and nephews. ROSENBERG Irene (Dolgin Yamron) Rosenberg, 90, formerly of West Hartford and Bloomfield, and North Dakota, died July 2. She was the wife of Mervin Rosenberg M.D. Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, she was the daughter of Louis and Lillian Yamron. She was predeceased by her brother Ian,

and her sons Joel and Hart, and husband, Mervin Rosenberg M.D. She is survived by her children, Mark David, Dale, Carol and Sharon Beth; her sister-in-law Fraydel Yamron; and her grandchildren Judith, Jimbo, Doran, Kendra, Zara, Sofia, Simon and Ian. She was a member of The Emanuel Synagogue of West Hartford. SILVERS Helene P. Silvers, 87, of Jupiter, Fla. and Avon, died July 21, 2021. She was the widow of S. Harold Silvers. Vorn in Brooklyn, N.Y., she was the daughter of the late Irving and Augusta Lasky. She is survived by her sons, Brett N. Silvers and his wife Nancy of West Hartford, and Bruce C. Silvers and his wife Leslie of West Hartford, and her grandchildren, Rebecca, Claudia (fiance Josh Katten), Ian and Ryan; and her companion Sol Kessler. ZELDMAN Luisa (Fialkoff) Zeldman, 83, of Bloomfield has died. She was born in Havana, Cuba. She was the widow of Eli Zeldman. She is survived by her children Karyn Zeldman and Wayne Aaron; her grandchildren, Emily and Zoe Aaron. ZIMMERMAN Marilyn Zimmerman 96, of Ormond Beach, Fla., formerly of Berlin, Conn., died July 23. She was the widow of Abraham Zimmerman. Born in Worcester, Massachusetts, she was the daughter of the late Isadore and Anna Wiener. She was also pre-deceased by her brothers Marvin Wiener and his wife Gertrude, and Seymour Wiener. She is survived by her brother Edward Wiener and his wife Lois of Revere, Massachusetts; her daughter Cindy Frederick and her husband Ron of Ormond Beach; her grandchildren, Scott (Leigh) Frederick, Jason (Kimberly) Frederick, and Cody (Kathleen) Frederick; and seven greatgrandchildren, all of Ormond Beach.

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ENERGY

For maintenance on your fuel oil or natural gas heating or cooling system, call: S-1 303418 • HOD 0000962

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CALL US FOR OUR FUEL PRICES SERVING CONNECTICUT SINCE 1910

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Over 600,000 people will see your digital ad each month in the Business and Professional Directory. To advertise on this page contact: Howard Meyerowitz at 860.231.2424 x3035

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CHRIS BONITO 860.748.0004 BA Music Performance 20+ years private instruction References available

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CLASSIFIED

LOOK for these MAGAZINES in your INBOX!

To Place An Ad: PH: 860.231.2424 x3035 • Fax: 860.231.2485 Email: howardm@jewishledger.com

The Jewish Ledger assumes no responsibility for the product and services advertised

TRENDING

PROFESSIONAL SERVICES

Needed, a live-in caregiver for an elderly female home owner in Bloomfield. Duties include trash out, availability at night in case of emergency - attached apartment provided at reduced rent. Applicant must submit 3 references. Call Vivian at 860301-2066.

CELEBRATIONS • JUNE SENIOR LIVING • AUG.

MARCH JUNE SEPTEMBER NOVEMBER

BLACK FRIDAY GIFT GUIDE: NOVEMBER

Kosher NEW ENGLAND

MARCH

CNA - Five or Seven Days - Live In - Seventeen Years Experience - References Available - 860938-1476. Mary and Alex Housecleaning. We have experience and references. We are an insured company. Please call or Txt for a free quote. 860-328-1757 or servicesam.llc@gmail.com. NURSE SEEKING POSITION: GETTING BETTER TOGETHER! Adult care only. Live-in, days or nights and weekends. Responsible and dedicated caregiver with medical education. Leave message: 860229-2038 No Text or Email. Caregiver - Willing to care for your loved ones overnight - Excellent local references Avoid nursing home or hospital in light of Covid 19. Call 860550-0483. Tricia’s Cleaning Service - Residential & Commercial Detailed cleaning for Home & Office - For Free Quote call 860477-8636. Polish certified nursing assistant. Twenty years experience in hospitals, nursing homes and private home settings looking to help your loved ones. Please call 860-803-6007.

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CNA with 25 years experience, reliable car, live-in or hourly. References available, and negotiable rates. Call Sandy 860-460-3051.

WANTED TO BUY

Third Generation Jeweler - Gold & Diamond Buyer - Is Buying All Gold Jewelry - Sterling Silver Flatware Sets - Diamonds Over 2 Carats - Fast Payment Contact - mitchellrosin@gmail. com. Collector looking to purchase coins and currency, silver, copper, and gold. No collection is too small. Will travel. Call 860951-5191 paprfred@aol.com.

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Have something to sell? Have something to rent? Have a service to promote?

CNA - 8 Years Experience Reliable - Own Car - Live-in 24/7 - Negotiable Rates - Please call Tina 860-461-8692.

CONNECTICUT September

Compassionate Elder Companion - Driver & Cook Beth: alifeofplantsandart@gmail. com.

MASSACHUSETTS December For more information on advertising in these magazines, call Donna 860.833.0839 or DonnaE@jewishledger.com JEWISH LEDGER

Driver available for shopping & errands in the greater Hartford area. Reasonable rates, senior discount and references available. Call Ira 860-849-0999.

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CHAUFFEUR, WEST HARTFORD will drive you to New York, Boston, New England tri-state area. Reasonable rates. References. Call Jeff 860-7124115.

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CT SYNAGOGUE DIRECTORY To join our synagogue directories, contact Howard Meyerowitz at (860) 231-2424 x3035 or howardm@jewishledger.com. BLOOMFIELD B’nai Tikvoh-Sholom/ Neshama Center for Lifelong Learning Conservative Rabbi Debra Cantor (860) 243-3576 office@BTSonline.org www.btsonline.org BRIDGEPORT Congregation B’nai Israel Reform Rabbi Evan Schultz (203) 336-1858 info@cbibpt.org www.cbibpt.org Congregation Rodeph Sholom Conservative (203) 334-0159 Rabbi Richard Eisenberg, Cantor Niema Hirsch info@rodephsholom.com www.rodephsholom.com CHESHIRE Temple Beth David Reform Rabbi Micah Ellenson (203) 272-0037 office@TBDCheshire.org www.TBDCheshire.org CHESTER Congregation Beth Shalom Rodfe Zedek Reform Rabbi Marci Bellows (860) 526-8920 rabbibellows@cbsrz.org www.cbsrz.org COLCHESTER Congregation Ahavath Achim Conservative Rabbi Kenneth Alter (860) 537-2809 secretary@congregationahavathachim.org

EAST HARTFORD Temple Beth Tefilah Conservative Rabbi Yisroel Snyder (860) 569-0670 templebetht@yahoo.com FAIRFIELD Congregation Ahavath Achim Orthodox (203) 372-6529 office@ahavathachim.org www.ahavathachim.org Congregation Beth El, Fairfield Conservative Rabbi Marcelo Kormis (203) 374-5544 office@bethelfairfield.org www.bethelfairfield.org GLASTONBURY Congregation Kol Haverim Reform Rabbi Dr. Kari Tuling (860) 633-3966 office@kolhaverim.org www.kolhaverim.org GREENWICH Greenwich Reform Synagogue Reform Rabbi Jordie Gerson (203) 629-0018 hadaselias@grs.org www.grs.org Temple Sholom Conservative Rabbi Mitchell M. Hurvitz Rabbi Kevin Peters (203) 869-7191 info@templesholom.com www.templesholom.com

HAMDEN Temple Beth Sholom Conservative Rabbi Benjamin Edidin Scolnic (203) 288-7748 tbsoffice@tbshamden.com www.tbshamden.com MADISON Temple Beth Tikvah Reform Rabbi Stacy Offner (203) 245-7028 office@tbtshoreline.org www.tbtshoreline.org MANCHESTER Beth Sholom B’nai Israel Conservative Rabbi Randall Konigsburg (860) 643-9563 Rabbenu@myshul.org programming@myshul.org www.myshul.org MIDDLETOWN Adath Israel Conservative Rabbi Nelly Altenburger (860) 346-4709 office@adathisraelct.org www.adathisraelct.org NEW HAVEN The Towers at Tower Lane Conservative Ruth Greenblatt, Spiritual Leader Sarah Moskowitz, Spiritual Leader (203) 772-1816 rebecca@towerlane.org www.towerlane.org Congregation Beth El-Keser Israel Conservative Rabbi Jon-Jay Tilsen (203) 389-2108 office@BEKI.org www.BEKI.org

Orchard Street ShulCongregation Beth Israel Orthodox Rabbi Mendy Hecht 203-776-1468 www.orchardstreetshul.org NEW LONDON Ahavath Chesed Synagogue Orthodox Rabbi Avrohom Sternberg 860-442-3234 Ahavath.chesed@att.net Congregation Beth El Conservative Rabbi Earl Kideckel (860) 442-0418 office@bethel-nl.org www.bethel-nl.org NEWINGTON Temple Sinai Reform Rabbi Jeffrey Bennett (860) 561-1055 templesinaict@gmail.com www.sinaict.org NEWTOWN Congregation Adath Israel Conservative Rabbi Barukh Schectman (203) 426-5188 office@congadathisrael.org www.congadathisrael.org NORWALK Beth Israel Synagogue – Chabad of Westport/ Norwalk Orthodox-Chabad Rabbi Yehoshua S. Hecht (203) 866-0534 info@bethisraelchabad.org bethisraelchabad.org Temple Shalom Reform Rabbi Cantor Shirah Sklar (203) 866-0148 admin@templeshalomweb.org www.templeshalomweb.org NORWICH Congregation Brothers of Joseph Modern Orthodox Rabbi Yosef Resnick (781 )201-0377 yosef.resnick@gmail.com https://brofjo.tripod.com

ORANGE Chabad of Orange/ Woodbridge Chabad Rabbi Sheya Hecht (203) 795-5261 info@chabadow.org www.chabadow.org

WASHINGTON Greater Washington Coalition for Jewish Life Rabbi James Greene (860) 868-2434 jewishlifect@gmail.com www.jewishlife.org

The Emanuel Synagogue Conservative Rabbi David J. Small (860) 236-1275 communications@emanuelsynagogue.org www.emanuelsynagogue.org

Congregation Or Shalom Conservative Rabbi Alvin Wainhaus (203) 799-2341 info@orshalomct.org www.orshalomct.org

WATERFORD Temple Emanu - El Reform Rabbi Marc Ekstrand Rabbi Emeritus Aaron Rosenberg (860) 443-3005 office@tewaterfrord.org www.tewaterford.org

United Synagogues of Greater Hartford Orthodox Rabbi Eli Ostrozynsk i synagogue voice mail (860) 586-8067 Rabbi’s mobile (718) 6794446 ostro770@hotmail.com www.usgh.org

WEST HARTFORD Beth David Synagogue Orthodox Rabbi Yitzchok Adler (860) 236-1241 office@bethdavidwh.org www.bethdavidwh.org

Young Israel of West Hartford Orthodox Rabbi Tuvia Brander (860) 233-3084 info@youngisraelwh.org www.youngisraelwh.org

SIMSBURY Chabad of the Farmington Valley Chabad Rabbi Mendel Samuels (860) 658-4903 chabadsimsbury@gmail.com www.chabadotvalley.org Farmington Valley Jewish Congregation, Emek Shalom Reform Rabbi Rebekah Goldman Mag (860) 658-1075 admin@fvjc.org www.fvjc.org

Beth El Temple Conservative Rabbi James Rosen Rabbi Ilana Garber (860) 233-9696 hsowalsky@bethelwh.org www.bethelwesthartford.org Chabad House of Greater Hartford Rabbi Joseph Gopin Rabbi Shaya Gopin, Director of Education (860) 232-1116 info@chabadhartford.com www.chabadhartford.com

SOUTH WINDSOR Temple Beth Hillel of South Windsor Reform Rabbi Jeffrey Glickman (860) 282-8466 tbhrabbi@gmail.com www.tbhsw.org

Congregation Beth Israel Reform Rabbi Michael Pincus Rabbi Andi Fliegel Cantor Stephanie Kupfer (860) 233-8215 bethisrael@cbict.org www.cbict.org

SOUTHINGTON Gishrei Shalom Jewish Congregation Reform Rabbi Alana Wasserman (860) 276-9113 President@gsjc.org www.gsjc.org TRUMBULL Congregation B’nai Torah Conservative Rabbi Colin Brodie (203) 268-6940 office@bnaitorahct.org www.bnaitorahct.org WALLINGFORD Beth Israel Synagogue Conservative Rabbi Bruce Alpert (203) 269-5983 info@bethisraelwallingford.org www.bethisraelwallingford.org

Congregation P’nai Or Jewish Renewal Shabbat Services Rabbi Andrea Cohen-Kiener (860) 561-5905 pnaiorct@gmail.com www.jewishrenewalct.org

WESTPORT Temple Israel Reform Rabbi Michael S. Friedman, Senior Rabbi Rabbi Danny M. Moss, Associate Rabbi Rabbi Elana Nemitoff-Bresler, Rabbi Educator (203) 227-1293 info@tiwestport.org www.tiwestport.org WETHERSFIELD Temple Beth Torah Unaffiliated Rabbi Alan Lefkowitz (860) 828-3377 tbt.w.ct@gmail.com templebethtorahwethersfield.org WOODBRIDGE Congregation B’nai Jacob Conservative Rabbi Rona Shapiro (203) 389-2111 info@bnaijacob.org www.bnaijacob.org

Kehilat Chaverim of Greater Hartford Chavurah Adm. - Nancy Malley (860) 951-6877 mnmalley@yahoo.com www.kehilatchaverim.org

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Holiday Order Deadlines: Holiday Food Orders Will Be Accepted Online Between: 7AM 8/19 Through 7PM on 8/23 ONLY For Pickup On Sunday 9/5 Or Monday 9/6 from 9AM - 2PM You May Place Your Holiday Food Orders On The Phone Or In Person Any Time Until 8/23 @ 7PM (This is a HARD Deadline, We Need Time To Order and Prepare!) Meat & Bakery Orders Gladly Accepted For Holiday Pickup Days

GROCERY PRODUCTS WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED FOR PREORDER FOR PICK UP AFTER 9/1 (This is to ensure smooth and timely pickups and deliveries!)

Last Day For Curbside or In-Store Pickups Of Grocery Products Will be Wednesday 9/1 (needs to be ordered by 8/29) But We Welcome You Into The Store To Shop! Our Online Store Will Be Off Line From 8/29 through 9/8 Please Plan Accordingly Feeding A Large Group or

Royal

Organization? Please call:

The Crown Market 2471 Albany Ave West Hartford, CT 06117

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CATERING & EVENTS

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HKC supervises the Bakery, Five o’clock Shop, Butcher Department and Catering. We’re not JUST kosher...we’re DELICIOUS! 24

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