Marigold Cultivation From seed to ďŹ‚ower Complete information Marigolds are famously used as ornamental plants because of the vibrant golden yellow ďŹ‚owers. It is cultivated all over in India. It is most important commercial crop and HPMâ€™s products make the crop more potent.
FACTS The earliest use of marigolds was by the Aztec people who attributed magical, religious and medicinal properties to marigolds. The ďŹ rst recorded use of marigolds is in the De La Crus-Badiano Aztec Herbal of 1552. The Herbal records the use of marigolds for treatment of hiccups, being struck by lightening, or "for one who wishes to cross a river or water safely". The last use conďŹ rms the magical properties ascribed to marigolds. Marigolds are also used in Hindu religious ceremonies. An account describes the marigold being used as garlands to decorate village gods during the harvest festival. Marigold ďŹ‚owers are rich source of carotenoids and being grown on commercial scale for extracting these carotenoid. Flower petals contain xanthophylls which are major carotenoids fractions and lutein forms 80-90 percent of the total xanthophyll content..
100 + Varieties
Worldâ€™s No 1 Cut Flower
Source Of Carotenoids
Top 8 states in marigold production
81.70 Tonnes 87.34 Tonnes
48.29 Tonnes 58.10 Tonnes
In India, the present area under marigold cultivation is 19,600 ha with a production of 2,00,000 metric tonnes. It is cultivated commercially in most parts of India. Karnataka alone occupies 3000 ha under its cultivation for xanthophyll extraction. Presently, in our country the commercial extraction of marigold carotenoids is done in Cochin (Kerala), Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh), near Satyamangalam forest (Tamil Nadu) and Telagi nearHarihar and Bangalore (Karnataka)â€™. The cultivation of ďŹ‚owers has now become popular in Chhattisgarh dueto fast changing of social scenario.
Good Agriculture Practices
Soil Management We all know that soil is a key element of agriculture. Without it we wouldn´t be able to grow plants, which are used as food for both humans and animals.
Sowing Proper spacing between plants is required for better development of plant and higher ﬂower yield.
Water Management Water is very important for both livestock and for plants. It forms a large part of all plant tissues as well as being an essential component of all animal body cells. In crop agriculture, water is an important climatic factor. It aﬀects or determines plant growth .
Pest & Disease Management Plant diseases and other pest organisms that damage agricultural crops. HPM’s agrochemicals help farmers to reduce crop damage from pests and increase ﬂower production.
Harvest & Storage Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the ﬁelds. For maximum vase life of cut ﬂowers, harvest ﬂowers daily at their proper stage of development. Harvesting too early or too late signiﬁcantly reduces the vase life of the ﬂowers.
Soil Management Soil is the important factor which determine about success or failure of marigold crop. Therefore one should give atmost importance to this factor before establishing a marigold farm. Sandy loam soil with pH 5.6 to 6.5 is ideal for its cultivation.
Marigold is adaptable to diďŹ€erent types of soil conditions and thus can be grown successfully in a wide variety of soils.
However, a deep, fertile, friable soil having good water holding capacity, well drained and nearer to neutral in reaction (pH 7.0 â€“ 7.5) is most desirable. .
An ideal soil for marigold cultivation is fertile and sandy loam. French (Dwarf) marigolds are best cultivated in light soil whereas a rich well drained, moist soils are best suited for African (Tall) marigolds.
Climate Management Marigold requires mild climate for luxuriant growth and ﬂowering. The optimum temperature range for its profuse growth is 18-20°C. Temperatures above 35°C restrict the growth of the plants, which leads to reduction in ﬂower size and number.
Mari gold requires mild climate for luxuriant growth and ﬂowering. Mild climate during growing period (14.5° 28.6°C) greatly improves ﬂowering while higher temperature (26.2° 36.4°C) adversely aﬀects ﬂower production.
Depending on environmental condition, marigold can be grown three times in a year – rainy, winter and summer seasons. Planting of African marigold after 1st week of February and before 1st week of July greatly aﬀects the quality and yield of ﬂowers.
So staggered planting between 1st week of July to 1st week of February at monthly intervals assures supply of ﬂowers to market over an extended period from October to April, however maximum ﬂower yield can be obtained from September planted crop.
Sowing time and season Depending on environment, planting of marigold can be done in three seasons rainy, winter and summer and seeds are sown accordingly. Hence, ﬂowers of marigold can be obtained throughout the year. The seasons of sowing and transplanting of seedling for obtaining ﬂowers at diﬀerent seasons of a year
Seed rate for marigold varies from 2.0 – 2.5 Kg per hectare and takes about 5-7 days for germination. For raising seedlings seeds can be sown in pots, seed boxes or on ﬂat or raised nursery beds in lines in shallow furrows.
During preparation of nursery beds 8-10 Kg of well decomposed farm yard manure per 1 sq.m bed is thoroughly mixed with the soil. The width of the seed bed should not be more than 1.2 m and height should be 15 cm.
Before sowing of seeds a little amount of BHC dust is applied to the nursery bed to avoid ant or termite infestation. During winter
beds should be covered with a layer of straw to accelerate germination process. However the straw should be removed as soon as the seedlings are visible above the soil. Seeds germinate 5-7 days after sowing.
Water Management In lighter soils more frequent irrigations are required than in heavy soils. In sandy loam soil, weekly irrigation is necessary between September to March while during summer months between April to June irrigation at 4-5 days intervals is required. Irrigation is done once in a week or as and when necessary.
At all stages of vegetative growth (5560 days) and during ﬂower production suﬃcient amount of moisture in soil is essential. Moisture stress at any stage aﬀects normal growth and ﬂowering.
Irrigate the crop in 7-8 days interval, but the frequency and quantity of water also depend upon soil and season. In lighter soil, more frequent irrigation is required than that in heavy soil.
In hot summer it requires irrigation after 405 days interval while at 10-12 days interval in winter months. Rainy season crops are irrigated according to the climate.
Using the latest mechanical movements HPM provides the best agro-chemicals for Marigold cultivation .
Solving Agricultural Challenges HPM is a highly focused research-driven agrochemical company. Every day HPM touches thousand of lives. At HPM, we want make agriculture better for farmers and families.
In future we will do more than treat agricultural problems—we will aim to make a remarkable impact on farmer’s lives.
Our life’s work is to improve agriculture, and we pledge to do so in a transparent and sustainable way.
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Use the right Wear Gloves quantity before use
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24 karat (Gibberellic Acid 0.001% L) 24 Karat is unique combination of Sea weed extracts and GA . Gibberellic Acid acts synergistically with plant metabolism and accelerates the growth functions of the plant. Also improves the physiological eﬃciency of the crop by stimulating the hormonal and enzymatic activities and increases the yield and quantity of the crop produce. 24 Karat mobilizes reserves in seed to germinating point leading to breaking of seed dormancy and faster germination 24 Karat stimulates cell division and elongation that causes internodes to stretch leading to better growth of the plant Improves taste and quality of fruits , and enhances their marketability speciﬁc to crop. Improves photosynthesis and plant metabolism, Improves leaf area and root system. Regulates GA: ABA ratio leading to less ﬂower and fruit drop. It increases stem length in ﬂowers grown for export
Quantity 1.2-2ml/ltr of water
Heera Zinc Plus Zinc is most important nutrient in all the micro nutrient. It used manly in to improve nutrient growth in Soil. It improves the health and makes greenery in crops. It acts as resistant against disease and gives proper growth. Dosage: Foliar Spray @ 250 gm/acre in 250ltrs water.
Quantity 250 gm per acre / 250 ltr. of water
Aasra (Adjuvant) Aasra is a unique new generation spray booster and activator, having novel technology to farming community of India which makes the agrochemicals (Insecticide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Fertilizer and Micronutrient) performs better. Aasra solution spreads quickly, and provides enhanced spreading of agrochemicals on the leaf surfaces and leads to better spray coverage, which improves the eďŹƒcacy of the agrochemical used. It is when added to spray water tank lowers the tension of spray water on leaf surface, which promotes the better spreading and penetration of Agro product. Aasra is compatible with most agrochemical formulations and can be used on a wide variety of crops. It has improved deposition of the agro product which enhances its coverage and retention on foliage. It ensures the solution doesn't wash oďŹ€ even after immediate rain. Aasra is designed in such a way that it ensures proper wetting of leaf surface, which makes the pesticide or agro product uptake and absorption rapidly by the plant. It ensures the proper penetration of the agrochemical product into the plant by reducing the droplet sizes of the spray. It is suggested to uses Aasra with agrochemicals at 0.025%-0.1% dose. General recommendation is 5 ml/ 15 lit. of water.
Quantity 5 ml/ 15 lit. of water
HPM Gold (Bio-fertlizer) HPM GOLD is unique product containing microbes as VesicularArbuscular Mycorrhiza (VAM) and has broad spectrum action in granular form. It contains granular spores and other propagules of VAM Mycorrhizal Fungi in a granular carrier and has broad spectrum fertilizer activity. Due to high solubility in water it is absorbed rapidly through plants and roots, resulting maximum supply of compost and micronutrient to the crop. HPM Gold improves the roots growth with excellent root setting, resulting greenness by vanishing yellowing in crop. It helps in greater utilization of nutrients, and provides plant protection from disease causing organism to the root and also makes insect resistant plant. It is completely safe to use HPM Gold. It also combats with the drought and stress loss by the crop. Its mycelial threads penetrate inward into the root, thereby increasing the surface area for absorption and translocation of essential plant nutrients including Phosphorus, Nitrogen, Sulphur, Calcium, Zinc and copper.
Quantity 4 kg /acre
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