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Relational Morphogenesis

Portfolio of Waishan QIU Selected Works 2010-2014

B.E. Urban Planning, Tongji University, China M.ARCH. Urban Design, the Bartlett, UCL, UK


Email: qiuwaishan@126.com Phone: 44 (0) 770 6252 574 (UK) / 86 139 1655 6218 (CHN) Address: Flat 1, Bridgehouse Court, Blackfriars Rd, London, UK Postcode: SE1 8HW


PREFACE This book is about dynamic system, data and morphogenesis. As a background, system and relationships are increasingly significant in the process of design, which is same as Mark Wigley wrote: Courses in statistical analysis became indispensable for architectural training. Spatial patterns would follow from detecting patterns in the flow of information. Design would begin with precisely calibrated charts rather than artistic sketches.


CV | 2007-2014 Wa i s h a n Q I U

Nationality: Chinese Email: qiuwaishan@126.com Mobile: +44 (0) 770 6252 574 Address: Flat 1, Bridgehouse Court, Blackfriars Rd, London Postcode: SE1 8HW

SKILLS

Language: Fluent English, Native in Mandarin Chinese Advanced Technique: UNIVERSAL ROBOTS, MakerBot Coding: Grasshoper, Processing, 2D Graphic: AutoCAD, InDesign, Illustrator, Photoshop, Piranesi 3D Modeling: Rhino, SketchUp, Rendering: Podium for SketchUp, V-ray for Rhino, Lumion Film Editing: Adobe Premiere, Ulead Video Studio

EDUCATION

Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL

Sep. 2013 - Sep. 2014

College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University

Sep. 2007 - Jun. 2013

ZAO / STANDARDARCHITECTURE, Beijing, P.R.China

May. 2013 - Jul. 2013

London, UK M.ARCH. Urban Design Thesis Advisor: Enriqueta, Eduardo, Zachary Shanghai, P.R.China B.E in Transportation, School of Transportation Engineering B.E in Urban Planning, College of Architecture and Urban Planning

PRACTICE

Yongjia Li Reconstruction & Urban Design Project Role: Architect Assistant; Contribution: assisted chief designer Ke ZHANG & Roberto on drawings, scheming, modeling; communicated with developers and Shanghai Government

ADOS + TS Architect, Shanghai, P.R.China

Nov. 2010 - Mar. 2013

Role: Architect & Urban Designer; Contribution: analysis, master plan, sketch up models Residential Project in Qingdao; Club and Commercial Project in Hefei

Exhibition Pavilion for '2009 Shanghai International Green-Eco Building Technology Trade Fair';

Jul. 2010 - Aug. 2010

Role: chief designer, team leader Contribution: concept design, structure solution, communicated with 'Mati' China. Ltd and mateiral supplier

A Private House, Fujian Province, P.R.China

Solo Project, design, communication with client and construction team

Sep. 2012 - Dec. 2012


AWARD

2012 CTBUH Student Design Competition, Semi-Finalist Award

Aug. 2012

2012 CUPEN National Students Urban Design Competition, 2nd Prize

Oct. 2012

2012 CGBA National Green Buildings Design Competition, 3rd Prize

Aug. 2012

Shanghai 2040 Plan Student Competition, Honorary Award

Jan. 2012

4th International Collegiate Snow Sculpture Contest, 3rd Prize

Jan. 2012

Shanghai Outstanding Graduates

Jun. 2013

Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat [CTBUH] China Urban Planning Education Network [CUPEN] China Green Building Association [CGBA]

Urban Planning Society of Shanghai, P.R.China

National Instructive Committee of Industrial Design Education

HONORS

Education Committee of Shanghai Government, P.R.China

The 1st JWDA-Tongji Travelling Scholarship Programme Tongji University and JWDA Company, Conducted in USA

Excellent College Student Scholarship [Four Times] Tongji University, Shanghai, P.R.China

Excellent Student Leader Scholarship [Twice] Tongji University, Shanghai, P.R.China

Jul. 2012 - Aug. 2012 2007-09, 2009-12 2009-11

Excellent Individual of Social Activity Scholarship

Sep. 2010 - Jun. 2011

Vice- chairman of CAUP Student Union, Tongji University

Sep. 2010 - Jun.2011

Class Monitor of 2008 Urban Planning Class 1

Sep. 2008 - Jun.2010

Tongji University, Shanghai, P.R.China

ACTIVITY

Elected, in charge of news press and holding evening party

Elected, leading my class win 'Excellent Class', 'Excellent Class in Studying'; 'Outstanding Class';

Volunteer for 2010 Shanghai Expo Served in Theme Pavilion

PUBLICATION

May. 2010

<Urban Planning International > Vol.341, 2014/4

Apr. 2014

<2040 SPATIAL SCENARIO OF SHANGHAI>

Dec. 2012

Translate the Introduction of "Critical Territory", {ISBN:1673-9493} Urban Planning Society of Shanghai, {ISBN:978-7-5608-4998-0}

<RURAL CHINA: report on Chinese rural settlements 2010>

Jul. 2010 - Aug. 2010

<RURAL COMMUNITY: Planning Standard & Design Studies>

Jul. 2011 - Aug.2011

Directed by Prof. YANG Guiqing, {ISBN 978-7-5608-4635-4} Directed by Prof. YANG Guiqing, {ISBN 978-7-112-13938-5}

<Public Bycicle System Research Based on Trip Characteristic>

<Urban Construction Theory Research>, 2012 (02); {ISSN:2095-2104; CN:119313/TU}

Feb. 2012


RELATIONAL MORPHOGENESIS ? Architecture and urban design have been shifting dramatically owe to the development of system theory and digital technology in the past century. The territory and the city are widely recognized as overlaps of complicated and dynamic systems. As a result, to design is to engage with relationships. RELATIONAL MORPHOGENESIS proposes a new methodology which offer highly hybrid condition for designers in a data-age. Its initial concept is inspired by Relational Urbanism Studio at Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL. It deploys system theory, data visualizing approaches and parametric design methods as well as admit conventional urban intentions. All the context resonate together via building up a relational model. Moreover, it has bottom-up genes lying in the systemic morphogenesis. It treats data and materials as agents whose collective form or behaviours might contribute to novelty patterns. In short, it is about material, agency, system and territory. It is a prototype to integrate Mathematical Model, Proxy Model and Digital Evaluate Model together to support new design process.

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CONTENTS 01 Re-tailing Agency Proxy Model, Interface & Morphology Research Final Thesis, 2014, the Bartlett, UCL, London

05 Gridding Watertown Urban Regeneration & Urban Design Academic Work 2012, Tongji University, Shanghai

......004

06 Farming Community

02 Coupling Territory Mathematical Model & Morphology Research Design Research 2013, the Bartlett, UCL, London

Residential Housing Design Academic Work 2011, Tongji University, Shanghai

......053

03 Bridging Passage Transportation Planning & Detailed Urban Design Final Thesis, 2013, Tongji University, Shanghai

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......111

07 Twisting Tower Highrise Tower Design CTBUH Competition 2012, Semi-finalist Award

......069

......123

Supplements

04 Penetrating Lilong Building Reconstruction & Urban Design Internship 2013, standardarchitecture, Beijing

......095

Apartment Design Academic Work 2011, Tongji University, Shanghai

......085

3

......131

Relational Morphogenesis


Fig.0.1 Overlay Digital Analysis on Proxy Model

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01

Re-tailing Agency Overlay Proxy, Mathematical and Digital Model to Deal withTerritory Formation

Mathematical Dicision Making

Relational Interface

Data

sythetic datas

Proxy

physical simulation

Digital

digital analysis

Feedback

Athabasca tar sands are large deposits of bitumen or extremely heavy crude oil, located in northeastern Alberta, Canada. With this abundant energy resource, oil industry becomes most dominant to this territory. The land is covered by industrial landscapes such as mine pits, material dunes and tailing ponds. Among them, the tailing pond receives most blame from the public due to its large area of land destruction. According to the region planning, the industry will keep flourishing for next 50 years. More urban lands will be need to support increasing population. However, almost 99% of the lands are leased to oil companies. The land shortage problem may therefore constrain the growth of the industry. The most feasible way for the government to retrieve the lands is to have the tailing ponds reclaimed. However, update to now, only 2% of the tailing ponds have been successfully reclaimed and even so it took more than 30 year to accomplish due to its large scale. The inherent problem of the slow reclamation work is because of the paradox between material immanence and institutional regulation. When the institution doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t comply with the immanence of material world, the institution may become constraint of development. So in this site project, the urbanism protocol starts from reforming the way of tailing discharging. As the site project is derived from a complex territory, which involves social institution, economy, ecology as well as landscape formation, a relational interface of mathematical model, proxy model and digital model can be an efficient instrument for designer to manage the complexity of the territory and interact with the design condition.

Credits: Final Thesis, M.ARCH Urban Design Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL 7 months, 2014.2-8, With J.ZHANG, G.H.LUO,Y.X.CHEN Tutors: Enriqueta, Eduardo, Zachary

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Fig.1.0 To manage complexity, to offer hybrid and efficient instrument for designers to interact with dynamic system of landscape formation.

1.0 Methodology & Mechanism Portfolio of Waishan QIU

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Artificial Delta in Tailing Pond

Google Map of a Tailing Pond

Proxy Model of Delta

Natural Delt in Athabasca lake

Proxy Model of the Tailing Pond

Digital Interpretation

1.1 Territory Agency

1.2 Proxy Model

1.3 Digital Interpretation

Athabasca is occupying by enormous tailing ponds and is facing severe formation in which the industrial mateirals run as agents. They brings out a paradox between institutional regulation and material immanence of the reclamation work.

By proxy model as an interface between designer and material system of the real site, the characteristic of material behaviour become perceivable and observable. From proxy model one can obtain feedback in the interaction with the material.

The digital model of seeds area, sediment area, erosion area translated from proxy model become essential to the whole relational model. Also, the result of digital analysis acts as the feedback to the mathematical model.

Work Flow Portfolio of Waishan QIU

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Robotic Intervention

Augmented Digital Analysis

Masterplan of Retailing City

Collective Obstacles

Interface as Hybrid Instrument

Detailed Urban Cluster Design

1.4 Hack Delta Behaviour

1.5 Hybrid Instrument

1.6 Time-based Urbanisation

To accelerate the land consolidation process, obstacle patterns can create various terracing terrain as reclaimed areas. Also the settlement of seeds(color sands) will indicate the phases in relation to the bio-remedy of ecosystem.

Site analysis provide important indication for urban morphology. Also, the result of digital analysis acts as feedback to a mathematical model which also consists of social-economy and ecosystem data. The proxy model thus couples other subsystems.

The protocol of the urbanization time scale is based on the sequence of reclamation. As a result, the phases can be divided into 3 main categories, namely Phase 1- Bio Remedy, Phase II- Infrastructure Network, Phase III- Urban Cluster Settlement

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1.1.0 Units & Agents Athabasca,Canada is a territory dominated by Oil Sand Industry. The new dynamics and scales of the spaces that are transformed, the shifting relations between landform and the material processes modify are operating at unprecedented scales and intensity.

1.1 Territory Agency Portfolio of Waishan QIU

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Territory Units- Industry Footprints

Territory Agents: Industry Materials

99% of lands has been leased to the industry of which will be transformed into unprecedented scale Open-pits & Tailing Ponds. Those footprints have distinct boundary and inside which peculiar landscape formation is ongoing.

The large amount of wasted mixture of industrial material which contains water, sands and clay is called tailing. It becomes the agents which form peculiar industrial landscape due to the specific material behaviours.

Fig.1.1.0 Section of a Typical Unit

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1475 Jobs

5069 Jobs

3489 Jobs

3498 Jobs

21935

employments operate 75 KM away from City

1844 Jobs

0

1

2

5KM

75km

N

away from City center Fort McMurray

New urban node is urgent to service more than 20,000 employments

1.1.1 Booming Industry Socially & Spatially Dominates the Territory According to the regional planning, the industry will keep expanding in the future 50 years. The growth needs a large number of employees to support the development. Therefore, new urban areas are required to afford the increasing population. However, almost 99% of the lands in Athabasca area are leased to the enterprises at the moment. This situation leads to a conflict between industrial development and land shortage.

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Athabasca Oil Sand Area

Alberta Province

Oil Sand Industry Dominates Social Economy of Albert Province

6560 Jobs

New Urban Node

City Fort McMurray Athabasca Oil Sand Area

Network Growth Prediction of Athabasca Oil Sand Area

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75 KM

45 KM

Location: Fort McMurray, Athabasca, Alberta, Canada

10 KM

99% of land have been leased to oil sand industry for operation

Barcelona

5KM Grid

Tailing Pond

Manhattan

Tailing Delta Could Be Breeding Grounds for City The industrial materials and operation has led to the emergence of Delta in huge scale. As we know, deltas are breeding grounds for city functions, which give the implication of transforming tailing ponds to appropriate landform for future city development.

Compare a 9KM2 tailing pond with Barcelona & Mahhattan Blocks

1.1.2 Landrights Conflict & Delta Emergence According to the regional planning, the industry will keep expanding in the future 50 years. The growth needs a large number of employees to support the development. Therefore, new urban areas are required to afford the increasing population. However, almost 99% of the lands in Athabasca area are leased to the enterprises at the moment. This situation leads to a conflict between industrial development and land shortage.

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Current Reclamation Takes More than 20 Years

Accelerating the Process by Material Operation

1.1.3 Re-tailing Proposal The proposal tries to accelerate the consolidating process by adding interventions in the discharging phase. Based on time, different soil layers will be reclaimed for different purpose such as revegitation and urban construction.

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Fig.1.2 Proxy Model- Gilbert Delta Simulation

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1.2 Proxy Model By introducing the proxy model as an interface between designer and material system of the real site, the characteristic of the material behaviour become perceivable and observable. Moreover, the proxy model provides an opportunity to quickly obtain knowledge and feedback from the interaction with the material. In the proxy model for the site project, tailing pond is scaled down into an operatable size, and alternative material such as different sand and water are used to simulate the tailing process. Realizing that not all the properties in real site condition can be modelled, this proxy model only simulate some of the properties that critical to the landscape formation such as erosion, sedimentation and waterway behaviour etc.

1.2.0 Acquiring Knowledge of Gilbert Delta Concerning the formation of tailing pond delta, it has similar mechanism with Gilbert Delta, a type of deltas that are usually developed in lakes[5]. Therefore, taking Gilbert Delta as reference, a scaled down model is set up to simulate the tailing discharging process and emphasized on delta formation.

Simulation Section

Simulation Section Analysis

Theoretic Section of Gilbert Delta

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1.2.1 S. M. L- Scale That Matters In the proxy model for the site project, tailing pond is scaled down into different operatable sizes, and alternative material such as different sand and water are used to simulate the tailing process.

SMALL-To Feel the Material

Feb. 10. 2014

800mm*300mm*200mm

MEDIUM-To Test Material Behaviour & Test Systemic Obstacle Matrix

Feb. 24. 2014

1500mm*1500mm*300mm

LARGE-To Simulate Site Project & Collective Form

Kinect Scanner Kinect Scanner with Webcam is the detection ouput node of the m e c h a n i s m . I t re c o rd s realtime image and video and translate them to Firefly for Grasshopper. The color and 3D data will generate real time digital model which will be analysis later.

Sand Container Tripod Shelve

The tripod is to maintain the stability of sand container

MDF Board Site M D F B o a rd S i t e i s t h e proxy topography of existing tailing pond.

Water Proof Tank The water proof tank is the container for MDF Board Site Model. It has water channels and pipes that control output and input water.

Mar. 21. 2014

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3000mm*2100mm*220mm

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1.2.2 Agent Behaviour & Collective Form In the proxy model for the site project, tailing pond is scaled down into different operatable sizes, and alternative material such as different sand and water are used to simulate the tailing process.

SMALL

Material Behaviour

Delta behaviour changes as mix-proportion of materials change.

MEDIUM

Material Behaviour

Medium Scale Obstacle Behaviour

LARGE

Material Behaviour

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Large Scale Network Pattern Behaviour

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1.3 From Proxy Model to Digital Interpretation With the help of Kinect sensor and video camera, the proxy model is able to be translated into digital model. A Grasshopper definition is developed to capture the contour lines and vectors from the modelling process which helps a lot to identify the material behaviour such as sedimentation, erosion and motion.

Fig.1.3 Lasercut Model of Geomorphology Formation

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1.3.0 Digitalizing Mechanism

Geomorphology 3D Data to Mesh GH & Firefly Outline Video Record Kinect & Webcam

Sensing, Digitalizing and Visualising Process

Grasshopper & Firefly Plugin

3D Sensing Data From Kinect Video Data From Webcam

Mechanism Diagram Proxy Model

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Grasshopper & Firefly Coding

Real Time Sequence

Overlaying through Time Sequence

1.3.1 Geomorphology Formation Coding Grasshopper definition is developed to capture the contour lines and vectors from the modelling process which helps a lot to identify the material behaviour such as sedimentation, erosion and motion.

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Outline of Sediment & Erosion Boundary

Detail of Waterway Vector

Outline of Sediment & Erosion Boundary

Detail of Delta Geomorphology Growth

1.3.2 From Outline to Detail Generally, the digital model supplement the knowledge of design condition which allows the designer to have more consideration of the site based on solid analysis in decision making.

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1.4 Hacking Delta Behaviours Having obtained the ability of digital interpretation, all the preparation is ready to hack with natural delta system and deploy material behaviours to change the geomorphology of tailing ponds. The goal is to create good conditions, such as terrace landscape, for future development.

Geomorphology Drawing of Collective Intervention

Tailing Sediment

Mud Area

Waterway Barley Seeds

Retaining Wall

Marsh Land

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1.4.0 Accelerate Sediment Growth Linear and corner board are chosen as obstacles to intervene the delta waterway and sediments as they are the most common shapes however they are very efficient in hacking the system. Moreover, in reality, these easy shapes often stand for retaining wall which is quite common in landscape recovery projects.

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Matrix 1: Saturation Saturation=2:1

Saturation=4:1

Saturation=8:1

Saturation=16:1

Interval 10cm

Interval 15cm

Interval 20cm

45 Degree

135 Degree

Arc Tangent

Matrix 2: Distance Interval 5cm

Matrix 3: Direction 0 Degree

Test Matrixs Matrix 1 is to test material behaviour without other factors. Matrix II & III shows obstacles such as sticks and boards can distinctly guide the waterway thus change sediments.

Water: Sand= 4:1

Water: Sand= 8:1

Water: Sand= 16:1

Water: Sand= 32:1

Tailing Saturation To summarize the obstacle distance test, the longer distance between obstacles, the larger islands is created. However, there is a threshold of scale because of the divergent angle.

1.4.1 Single Variable Tests The characteristic of the material behaviour become perceivable and observable as the proxy model provides an opportunity to quickly obtain knowledge and feedback from the interaction with the material.

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Distance: 5 cm

Distance: 10 cm

Distance: 15 cm

Distance: 20 cm

Obstacle Distance To summarize the obstacle distance test, the longer distance between obstacles, the larger islands is created. However, there is a threshold of scale because of the divergent angle.

Direction of Obstacles: 0째

Direction of Obstacles: 45째

Direction of Obstacles: 135째

Direction of Obstacles: Radial

Obstacle Direction In conclusion of the obstacle direction test, the direction of the obstacle doesn't affect the direction of the stream very much. Instead, it changes the shape of the islands.

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Quantify the Land Growth

1.4.2 When to Place Next Obstacle The incremental sediment amount goes to zero or keeps at a low level often tells that, the delta system is now staying at a not-so-efficient phase for land growth.As a result, it would be a right time for a consequent obstacle to be placed.

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Overlay Robotic Movements

Gripper to Pick Up & Release Obstacle

Coding Via Grasshopper Onix Plug-in

90 Degree Waterway 90 Degree Waterway Waterway

Point 2 Point 1

90 Degree

Point 1

Point 1 Obstacle Point 2

Obstacle R=100 M R=100 M

Obstacle R=100 M

Automatic Decision Making Step 1

Automatic Decision Making Step 2

Automatic Decision Making Step 3

1.4.3 Where to Place Next Obstacle The first obstacle is decided by human willings. However, subsequently, other sequential ones are decide by rules. The point for next one is the intersection of a 100M circle (whose center is the center of former obstacle) and existing sediment boundary outline.

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Fig.1.5 Use Re-tailing Interface to Interact with Proxy Model

1.5 Hybrid InstrumentOverlay Proxy, Digital & Mathematical Model via Interface The complexity of site and proxy model facilitate a hybrid instrument to support better observation of dynamics. Apart from landscape formation and mathematical relationships of the social and ecological systems, site analysis such as solar, slope, geomorphology and so on also provide important indication for the urban morphology. Also, the result of digital analysis acts as the feedback to the mathematical model. Portfolio of Waishan QIU

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Proxy Model

Slope Analysis

Sediment & Seeds Area Analysis

(Grasshopper& GIS)

Solar Radiation Analysis

(Grasshopper Firefly Plugin)

Suitable Construction Area

Sediment Area

(Grasshopper Geco & Ecotect)

Seeds Area

Plantable Area

Built Area

Plant Area

Ecosystem Equation

Plant Area, Species Amount

Maximum Value

Built Environment

B

E

Maximum Value

Ecosystem

S Social Economy

Mathematical Model

1.5.0 Structure & Data Flow Portfolio of Waishan QIU

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Complex System Structure The complex system consist of 3 subsystems, namely Build Environment (data from Proxy Model & territory statistics), Eco-system (data from Proxy Model and Eco Equation) and Social-Economy (data from territory economy statistics).

System Fluctuation in Next 90 Years Each of the nine circles shows the values of all the elements in the whole system within every ten years. The grey gradient of the fans indicates the total population values.

1.5.1 Mathematical Model of Complexity The proposal is to intervene the formation of landscape then fabricate urban space for future development by hacking into industrial process and bringing in the ecosystem. Therefore the mathematical model is consisted of three parts, the social and industry part , ecosystem and built environment. By having external input from the social and industry realm, the whole system becomes and open system with more indeterminacy and possibilities.

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Ecosystem Build Up The eco-system plays an important role as bio-remedy to the toxic and unstable earth. This diagram shows the mechanism of reclaiming the soil layers with roots in time-based sequence.

Barley

Barley

Buffaloberry Black Spruce

Buffaloberry Cranberry

Eastern Larch

Buffaloberry Dogwood

Eastern Larch

Buffaloberry

Characteristics of 6 Local Plants The eco-system plays an important role as bio-remedy to the toxic and unstable earth. This diagram shows the mechanism of reclaiming the soil layers with roots in time-based sequence.

1.5.2 Eco-system as main sub-system As most of the material discharged into tailing pond is not solid, some are even toxic, plant reclamation approach is vital to the project. Local reclamation plants strategy will help the soil remedy as the roots of plants have strong effect in solidify and cleaning the toxic soil. As there is evident time scale in plant growth, the reclamtion sequence and later urbanization sequence is hence greatly relied on the sequence of plants.

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[Kinect Camera]

[Kinect Realtime Video] [Mathematical Moel] [Digital Analysis] [Retailing Interface]

[UR 10 Robotic Arm]

[End Effector Gripper]

Mathematical Dicision Making

Relational Interface

Data

site conflicts

Proxy

physical simulation

Digital

digital analysis

Robot Arm [Proxy Model]

Fig.1.5.3 Hybrid Methodology- Interface, Proxy Model, Robotic Feedback All Together

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1.5.3 Retailing Interface

Hybrid Augmented Design Condition The complexity of the site project territory give rise to new demand for an relational interface to mediate the territorial system. Informations needs to be interpreted as observable forms to communicate with designer. Based on the relational model, as a design instrument the interface is consisted of mathematical model, proxy model and digital model. For easy communication with the user, the interface is materialized in the form of a digital interacting interface screen which allows input from the user, a proxy model in operatable scale, sensors and cameras which are used to capture the information from the proxy model, and robotic arms as output end of the feedback.

Digital User Interface Layout

Envison Manifesto- Retailing Interface on Site to Help Decision Making Process

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1.6 Retailing City Sequence Time Based Reclamation & Urbanization

Fig.1.6 Masterplan of Retailing City

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1.6.0 Bio Remedy Sequence

Reclaiming Soil Reclaimed Soil Tailing

Bio-remedy Effect of Roots Six Local Plants are selected to build up the frame of ecosystem. The plant seeds will be discharged and transport by the force of waterways. The sections illustrate the different vegetation and species involved in different sequences. The floristics for reclamation are defined by rootsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; depths and the relationships of the eco-system.

1st Year After Reclamation- Barleys Survive

5th Year After Reclamation-Shrubs & Trees Begin to Survive

10th Year After Reclamation-Ecosystem survive & Start Phase of Built Environment

Section Proposal The protocol of the urbanization sequence is based on the sequence of reclamation. Firstly, the seeds are discharged with tailings. After that only barleys seeds emerge and survive, which give the foundation condition to the ecosystem. Different vegetation and species involved in different sequences later on.

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1.6.1Materializing Urbanisation Sequence

A APhase 5 Phase 5 n Year after Reclamation B B9th Year after Reclamatio9th CC DD E EPat ern Occupy the ter iPattern tory Occupy the territory FF

A APhase 4 Phase 4 n Year after Reclamation B B7th Year after Reclamatio7th C CPlant Black Spruce and EaPlant stern Black Spruce and Eastern D DLarch Larch E EBegin to Build Begin to Build FF

rn

A APhase 3 Phase 3 n Year after Reclamation B B5th Year after Reclamatio5th CC DD E EPlant Red Osier DogwoodPlant Red Osier Dogwood FF

A APhase 2 Phase 2 n Year after Reclamation B B3rd Year after Reclamatio3rd CC D DPlant Lowbush CranberPlant y and Lowbush Cranberry and E ECanada Buffalober y Canada Buffaloberry FF

d

A APhase 1 Phase 1 n Year after Reclamation B B1st Year after Reclamatio1st CC DD E EPlant Barley Plant Barley FF

A APhase 0 Phase 0 B BBefore Reclamation Before Reclamation CC DD E ETailing discharged, ProduceTailing Land discharged, Produce Land FF

Land

A D

B C E

A B C D E F

Phase 5 9th Year after Reclamation

A B C D E F

Phase 4 7th Year after Reclamation

A B C D E F

Phase 3 5th Year after Reclamation

A B C D E F

Phase 2 3rd Year after Reclamation

A B C D E F

Phase 1 1st Year after Reclamation

A B C D E F

Phase 0 Before Reclamation

Pattern Occupy the territory

Plant Black Spruce and Eastern Larch Begin to Build

Plant Red Osier Dogwood

Plant Lowbush Cranberry and Canada Buffaloberry

Plant Barley

rlCanada ey Amount Buffaloberry Lowbush Cranbery Amount Lowbush Cranbery Amount CaAmount nada Buffalober y Amount Barley BaAmount Black Spruce Amount

RedEastern Osier DogwoodDogwood Amount Larch Black Spruce Amount Amount Eastern Larch Amount Red Osier Amount

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Seeds Area

ProliferationArea

Lowbush Cranbery Amount

Canada Buffaloberry Amount

Black Spruce Amount

Eastern Larch Amount

A

A

B

B C

Tailing discharged, Produce Land

F

Produced ProProliferationArea duced Area AreaSeeds Area ProliferationArea

Seeds Area

Spatial Material Flow of Ecosystem Diffusion

D

D C

E

F

E

F

Fig.1.6.1-2 Ecosystem Spatial Growth Diagram

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Population & Employment Growth in Space

Employment & Population Movement from City Fig.1.6.1-1 Spatial Distribution of Population & Employment Growth in Time Scale

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The Diagram shows the spatial fluctuation and transformation influenced by the figures of the time-based mathematical model, respectively the fluctuating population flow including the laboratories from the factories, people of other careers from the outside and the settled population from working area, and tailing amounts from the discharging points.

Relational Morphogenesis


1.6.2 Fabricating Landscape While Reclamation Time 1

Time 2

Time 3

Time 5

Time 6

Origin Proxy Model Video Capture

GH Geomorphology Interpretation

GH Urban Cluster & Infrastructure Reference

Time 4

Origin Proxy Model Video Capture

GH Geomorphology Interpretation

GH Urban Cluster & Infrastructure Reference

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Overlay All Geomorphological Land Growth Sequence

Dynamic Topography Condition as a Result of Reclamation

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Proxy Model

Height

Solar Radiation (Winter)

Runoff

Canals & Lakes

Seed Dispersal by Sediment

Land Growh Axis

<10% Slope Paths

Infrastructure

1.6.3 Environment Evaluation Portfolio of Waishan QIU

Seed Dispersal by Sediment

Phase 1-Bio Remedy Dispersal 42

Relational Morphogenesis


Infrastructure & Terrace Location

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Relational Morphogenesis


Phase 1

Pha

Bio-Remedy Dispersal

Infrastructure N

Masterplan Sequence

Start construction after bio-remedy

Infrastructure extends along land growth axis

1.6.4 Retailing City Envision Portfolio of Waishan QIU

44

Relational Morphogenesis


ase II

Network Extension

Phase III

Urban Clusters Settlement

Geomorphology-based urban morphology

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Relational Morphogenesis


1.6.5 Prototypes

Coding Principle in Grasshopper

Draw spheres to intersect with contour lines to generate slope-climbing proxy network. Then select the most efficient path by shortest walk principle.

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Relational Morphogenesis


Relationship between Climbing Network Pattern & Original Topo

Relationship between Climbing Network Density & Original Slope

Climbing Network & Urban Prototype

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Relational Morphogenesis


Topo Morphology

Sunlight Morphology

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Relational Morphogenesis


House & Terrace Relationship

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Relational Morphogenesis


Detail Urban Cluster Masterplan

System Analysis

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Relational Morphogenesis


20 Years after Reclamation- both the urban space and ecosystem have developed to a stable phase

Terrace & Platforms

Terrace to support ecology function

1.6.6 Urban Cluster Design The morphology of urban clusters has close relationship with the topography and the formation process. The infrastructure network is based on the axis of land growth. Moreover, the location of buidlings and terraces are generated via slope finding logit. Also in the design process, the time sequence of remedy-terrace-buidling order is obeyed.

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Relational Morphogenesis


Fig.2.0 Mathematical Model as Control Space

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Relational Morphogenesis


Coupling Territory System Morpholog y based on Mathematical Model & Material Flow

02

In brief, the research started from choosing a 'prey-predator equation', thus setting up the basic relationship model between four species in a lake (a single subsystem). The model is a dynamic system with attributes, factors and has its specific systemic features and criterias. Amazingly, all qualities are concentrated in just a few alphabets-a mathematical equation. Testing the boundary condition, building up coupling connection between subsystems, to see how to active “singularities” 12 which change the system. In addition, the research regards visible forms as projection of invisible networks. By using computer scripts, the dynamic system can project its fluctuation of data flow, geometrically, onto the spatial pattern of material connections. The research regarded data and material flows, invisible coupling relationship and the visible geographical conditions, as a continuous network. Sanford Kwinter once employed “Epigenetic Landscape” to offer a topological or dynamical model which can account for the potential energies:

Any change at all, no matter how tiny, will precipitate a catastrophe (a morphogenesis), forcing the system to find a new equilibrium in the newly configured field. 13

Credits:

2 months, 2013.11-12, Relational Urbanism Studio, RC18 Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL Teamwork With J.ZHANG Tutors: Enriqueta, Eduardo, Zachary

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Relational Morphogenesis


z= x3 (amount of s3)

(0, 0, 0)

sphere radii= x4 (amount of s4) x= x1 (amount of s1)

y= x2 (amount of s2)

Lotka-Volterra 4 Species Food Chain Formula x1, x2, x3, x4, and t as variables; a,b,c as formular parameters t= time; xi: amount of si ai: growth/death rate of si in the absense of other species; bi: effect of predation on si in the presense of its predator; ci: propagation rate of si in the presense of its prey

Fig.2.1 Lotka-Volterra Formula Visualization

2.1 Complex System Embeded in Mathematical Formula T h i s re s e a rc h i s m a i n l y a b o u t h o w t h e re l at i o n a l m o d e l i s b u i l t , w h at mathematical equation it is based on, what system theory is employed to develop the data testing. To begin with, the "relational model" is based on "Lotka-Volterra 4 Species Food Chain Formula" showned on the right.

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The 4 species chain is basic relationship in each lake (subsystem). The ascending sort of prey level starts form S1 (bottom), with S2 & S3 in the middle, and S4 at the top. Plankton (S1) provides a crucial source of food to shrimp (S2). Grass carp (S3) is a herbivorous, freshwater fish species feed on S2. Snakeheads (S4) are at the top of the food chain in the system.

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Lotka-Volterra 4 Species Food Chain Formula

Relational Morphogenesis


Legend plankton shrimp grass carp snakehead

Fig.2.2.1 System Structure and default condition

Fig.2.2.2 Chaotic circulation without harvest

Fig.2.2.3 Stable circulation after harvest

2.2 System Flexibility Fig.2.2.2 shows how the amount increases without limited. However, the circulation time period of each species is getting longer increasingly, which means the ecosystem is not sustainable and will finally crush down. Interestingly, the system fluctuates steadily after a harvest condition is set up. The rule

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is keeping each species amount not exceed a certain upper limit. Local people can make profit from the harvest. Moreover, a long-term proposal can be put forward, that, part of the profit can be invested into develop new lake fishery, consequently expand the positive cycle.

Relational Morphogenesis


LEGEND plankton shrimp grass carp snakehead

Fig.2.3.2 Coupling Structure

Fig. 2.3.1 Data Flow Structure

2.3 System Coupling Lakes are connected by harvest, being linear and one way. Harvest will be put into next lake, and finally go to the city (Fig. 2.3.3). As a result, any harvest in lower lake will cause resonation in the next lake, with a delay. There are infinite numbers of situations dominated by infinite harvest point groups.

City Lake1

Lake3

Lake2

N 0

Fig. 2.3.3 Spatial Coupling Structure

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10

20km

The data/ material flow direction and pattern are shown in Fig 1.7. Ecosystem in Lake 1 and Lake 2 are functioning as provider, supplying the exceeding amount beyond harvest value to Lake 3. And Lake 3 is the area for real harvesting to the city. The species population in each lake is defined by the harvest. The direction is linear and in one way. It is simple but good for researching how one change in subsystem will affect another subsystem. The coupling effect is somehow similar to the physical phenomenon resonance.

Relational Morphogenesis


System condition 1

Harvest Point Group 1

System condition 4

Harvest Point Group 4

System condition 2

Harvest Point Group 2

System condition 5

Harvest Point Group 5

System condition 3

Harvest Point Group 3

System condition 6

Harvest Point Group 6

Fig. 2.4.1 Criteria testing

2.4 System Criteria

4 cur ves in a group, and the order from right to left represent from Lake 1 to Lake 3. Each curve stand for the amount fluctuation of each species.

Legend

Fig. 2.4.2 Extreme Values within Flexibility

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plankton shrimp grass carp snakehead

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As the harvest points of each species of each lake various, there could be infinite groups of harvest-point combinations. However, only certain ranges of them are within the tolerance of the system sustainability. Hence criteria are set up for judging and describing whether the contemporary condition of the whole system is good. Fig.2.4.1 shows six of the results from hundreds of testing. In Condition 1, there is no harvest; in C.6, the system crushes because of over harvested. It is hard to conclude accurate criteria from just hundreds of testing. However, some tendency can be concluded from the graph materials.

Relational Morphogenesis


Lake 1

Lake 2

Lake 3

Fig. 2.5 Rose Diagram

2.5 Shifting Phases Excel data are import into grasshopper by excel reader, and then translated into the circle graphs look like roses. The time axis is reeled into a circle, thus being more convenient to show the data flow. Each coupling amount from lower lake will contribute to the movement of amount of four species in

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the next lake. The harvest is somehow the ‘singularities’. The massive shadow curve lines at the background show the tendency of changes in each species’ amount. And when there is no coupling occurs, the curve mass movement is steady and the tracks of lines are smooth.

58

However, when coupling happens, the line tracks are perturbed much and the curvature of the curves change huge in a dramatic speed. The tendency of curves is similar to the phenomenon which has been introduced by Waddington. As a result, the harvest (coupling) is somehow the ‘singularities’.

Relational Morphogenesis


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Relational Morphogenesis


Fig. 2.5 Diagram Process

2.5 Coupling Visualization Coupling, or resonance, is the phenomenon that, the variations in one system are rhythmically felt or transmitted into the other, when two systems are connected. The system starts from Lake 1 and end up with Lake 3, being linear in one direction. Choosing an appropriate method of mapping to visualize the coupling relationship is not easy. Many methods of graph drawing do not assign intrinsically-meaningful positions to nodes. Hive plot diagram was first proposed by Enter Krzywinski. It defines a linear layout for nodes, grouping nodes by type and arranging them along radial axes based on some property of data. It is chosen to visualize the matrix of test of coupling situation.

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Relational Morphogenesis


Fig. 2.6 Synthetic Hive Plot

2.6 Optimal Phase Linear coupling, paralleled coupling in 3-lake system and 4-lake system are tested. Through control the change of the harvest sets, the outcome varies, and each can generate a visualization graph under the same principle. This is meaningful and helpful because through these graphs in the same visual language, it is much more convenient and straightforward to compare and evaluate the merit and demerit situation. As a result, it can be concluded that, the tendency of getting to extreme point is: harvest lower preys (S1, S2) as much as possible, within the criteria, from Lake 1 & 2, then put them into Lake 3 to offer enough prey for S3 & S4.

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N

0

5

10KM

Fig.2.7.1 Lake system, natural canals and the city

1st Species Flow Direction

1st Species Harvest Amount

Two Species

Three Species

Four Species

Fig.2.7.2 Lake System, canals and the city

2.7 Visualize Data Flow in Space As a result of long-lasting wind erosion, lakes have been formed and connected by natural paths. Consequently, fishery and farming are dominant industry. Moreover, water run into the depressions formed by strong wind occasionally by seepage or through the breakaway depressions shaped by wind erosion. As a result, shallow lakes, intermittent lakes or wandering lakes are generated.

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Fig.2.7.3 Relational Information Flow on Site

When the data flow is generating its projection on geographic site, the relationship in control space is being translating into event site, and the data flow projection is material flow. The material flow is part of the physical world. As a result, it will change the surroundings somehow. In this stage, the diagram shows the relationships between control space and event space, data flow and material flow. Although the exact form of the projection is not clear yet, but it can be make sure that, whatever the form is, it is best to have the capacity of fluctuation and flexibility.

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Ecology vs Economy: Threading System Ecology vs Economy: Threading System Basic ElementsBasic ElementsBasic Elements Threading PointsThreading PointsThreading Points Infrastructure curves Infrastructure curves Infrastructure curves Weight Point Weight Point Weight Point

Sub Weight points Sub Weight points Sub Weight points

Weight Region Weight RegionWeight Region

All PossibilitiesAllThreadings PossibilitiesAllThreadings Possibilities Th

Basic ElementsBasic Elements Threading PointsThreading Points Infrastructure curves Infrastructure curves Weight Point Weight Point

Sub Weight po Sub Weight points

Weight Region Weight Region

RC 18- Relational Urbanism 0.4km

1km0.4km

2km 1km 0.4km

2km 1km

2km

0.4km

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0.4km 1km 2km

1km0.4km

2km 1km 0.4km

2km 1km

Length Length Control 2km Control Length Control 2km 0.4km 1km0.4km 1km 2km

Original Vector Original Vector

Sub Weight points Sub Weight points

0.4km

2km 1km

New vector region New vector region New vector region 0.4km 1km0.4km 1km 2km

All Possibilities Threadings

1km0.4km

2km 1km 0.4km

RC 18Urbanism RCRelational 18- Relational Urbanism

Original Vector Original VectorOriginal Vector

0.4km

1km0.4km

2km

2km 2km

0.4km

1km0.4km

2km 1km 0.4km

2 1km

Threading + Sub Threading + Sub Infrastructure Threading + Sub Infrastructur 0.4km 1km0.4km 1km 2k

New vector region New vector region

Length ControlLength Control 2k

All Possibilities All Threadings Possibilities Threadings

1km 2km

2km

0.4km

1km0.4km

0.4km 1km 2km

1km 2km

2km

0.4km

1km0.4km

0.4km 1km 2km

1km 2km

2km

0.4km

1km0.4km

0.4km 1km 2km

1km 2

0.4km

1km0.4km

1km 2k

Ecology vs Economy: Threading System 2km

0.4km

1km0.4km

1km 2km

R 2km

0.4km

1km0.4km

1km 2km

2km

Threading + Sub Infrastructure

0.4km

1km0.4km

1km 2km

0.4km

2km

Basic Elements 2km Length ControlLength Control 2km

0.4km

1km

1km0.4km

1km 2km

2km

Threading + Sub Infrastructure Threading + Sub Infrastructure Weight Region

Threading Points Infrastructure curves Weight Point

0.4km

1km0.4km

Sub Weight points

All Possibilities T

2km

0.4km 1km 2km

1km 2km

2km

Original Vector Fig. 2.8 Threading theory diagram

0.4km

1km0.4km

0.4km 1km 2km

1km 2km

2km

0.4km

New vector region

1km

2km

Length Control

2km

0.4km

1km

Threading + Sub

2.8 Threading Theory 0.4km

1km

2km

As mentioned before, when the data flow is generating its projection on geographic site, the relationship in control space is being translating into event site, and the data flow projection is material flow. The material flow is part of the physical world. As a result, it will change the surroundings somehow. The project simulates the lake area with the help of threading system

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0.4km

1km

2km

0.4km

script. It is assumed that the different angles in threading systems can represent canals connection and help to develop a better way in coupling.

1km

2km

0.4km

we get threading points, which is second step. Then we should give threading lines directions, and finally we choose the most suitable angle of rotating to connect for getting new system.

Steps of threading system are as diagrams show above. Firstly, each lake has its own influenced range. Intersection with other infrastructure,

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1km


July

Aug

Sept

Oct

Nov

Dec

Dec

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

N

Jun

0

1

2KM

Fig. 2.9 Fluctuation of water level

2.9 Surface Fluctuation Basically, there are two rainfall periods in a calendar year- the dry season and the wet season, bringing about the fluctuation of the height of lake. The infrastructure to be taken into account in the threading system have connection with lakes. There are also a r t i f i c i a l c a n a l s a n d n a t u ra l o n e s

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that connect the lakes. In short, the connected surface of water-level is chaning from time to time according to the seasons.

can do fishery and watering farms at the same time. Furthermore, roads between farms and roads in the county are also considered, as species need to be transported from one place to another.

As a result, relationships between species coupling and local farming circulation can be built. And farmers

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Relational Morphogenesis


Fig.2.10.1 Material Flow

Fig.2.10.2 Generating process

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Fig. 2.10.3 Threading overlaps by Fluctuation

2.10 Fluctuated Threading The threading paths connect defferent level of water surface acting as canals. Moreover, the density of threading paths represents the amount of coupling material flow. By the threading direction, density and height level, the spatial characters link to the fluctuation of material flow.

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Bridging the Last 1 KM Transportation Plan & Urban Design Readjusting Scheme for SlowTraffic

03

Downtown Shanghai has a highly developed public transportation system which consists of metro lines, buses and public bycicles. The city also has a well organised road network for vehicles. For public traffic, the density of metro stations is high enough that you can visit everywhere by foot within 20 minutes after taking tubes. Designing in these areas means that what you need to do is usually modification, as the government always have had design plans already. Xuhui District is one of the highly developed downtown in Shanghai. The only problem left is how to bridge "the last 1 KM" between tube station and specific destinations. Moreover, its newly developed waterfront is not-so-accessible as it is out of tube stations' 1-KM service radius. This project first proposes a greenway plan for cyclists to solve the last 1 KM problem. It is based on existing road networks and it aims at connecting new waterfront with all the other good places of Xuhui in a rideable network. It then propose a modification detailed plan for a unnecessary huge pedestrian bridge.

Credits:

4 months, 2013.03-06 Final Thesis, Indivisual Work B.E. Urban Planning, Tongji University Tutors: Prof. H.X.PANG, Prof. J.ZHUO

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4.7% of

of Sports Purpose Traffic

9.1%

of Party Purpose Traffic

10.8%

51.7%

of Recreation Purpose Traffic

of Shopping Purpose Traffic

61.2%

of everyday commuting traffic is relied on public transportation in Shanghai. How to bridge the last kilometre becomes a tough problem.

29.3%

of Visiting Purpose Traffic

61.2%

of Commuting Traffic

ECO SYSTEM

HEALTHY LIFE STYLE HUMAN SCALE HISTORIC PRESERVATION RECREATION LAST 1 KM

COMMUTING

STREETSCAPESTIMULATE RESOURCES

SIGHTSEEING

LANDSCAPE

Goal: Bridging the Last 1 KM The proposal of building up a network for cycling is derived from but not only for the problem of last 1 kilometre. It is a greenway plan in Downtown Shanghai. As other greenway projects, it will bring comprehensive profit to the society and the public. It connects fragments of Xuhui District from a human scale, thus stimulating and developing the resources in a more accessible and approachable extent.

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7

6

2

1

5

8

Legend Business Zone University Greening Historic Zone Tube Line Tube Station 3 4

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Profit: Bridging Fragments of Xuhui Resources Xuhui District is the most significant area of Downtown Shanghai. It has abundant and various resources ranging from historic blocks, modern malls, renowned universities to waterfront open space. Metro lines and other public transportation approaches are also in high density here. However, the resources lack an accessible pedestrian network to bridge them. This situation is due to the old plans for Shanghai were proposed from an age for vehicles.

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Relational Morphogenesis


Historic Zone

Downtown

Xuhui District

Waterfront CBD

Legend

Legend Business Zone Huangpu River Tube Station

Xuhui Boundary Huangpu River Road Network

Road Density

Tube Accessibility Evaluation

Xuhui District

5.51 km/ km2

Central Shanghai

3.44 km/ km2

Xuhui Downtown Historic Zone Waterfront CBD

1.27/ km2 1.27/ km2 0.32/ km2

Private Traffic: High-Density Road Network

Public Traffic: Polarized Distribution o

The total length of road network for vehicles is as much as 303.5km, in a area of about 55 km2. The density of road network is a 5.51km/ km2. Comparing to the average level of Shanghai central urban area (3.44km/km2), one can say that every corn of Xuhui District is highly accessible by vehicles.

Downtown Xuhui, Historic Preservation Zone and W their density of tube stations are polarized. Downtown 4 tube stations within 2KM radius while Waterfront Ne

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Tube Station 1

Route1

Tube Station 2 Route2 Tube Station 3

Waterfront CBD Weak Public Transportation Accessibility

Waterfront CBD

Route3 Legend Business Zone University Greening Historic Zone

Route Length Route 1 Route 2 Route 3

of Tube Stations

Waterfront New CBD is three core areas. However, n Xuhui and Historic Preservation Zone both have ew CBD shares no tubes within 1 KM radius.

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1.47 km 1.65 km 1.73 km

Bridging Last 1KM between Waterfront CBD & Tube Stations The accessibility of Waterfront CBD is facing a typical "Last 1 KM" trouble. The nearest tube staion is about 1 KM away from CBD center. However, consider that Xuhui has a high density of roads, the project proposes the idea that bridging the last 1 km via cycling basing on the existing road networks.

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Legend Business Purpose Education Purpose Recreation Purpose Historic Tour Purpose

Synthetical Origin & Destination Points Origin Point Destination Point

33 121

Oringin & Destination Points Set 33 Tube Stations as the origin points and 121 main attraction places as the destination points. Connect each origin points to each of the destination points.

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Relational Morphogenesis


Business Purpose Origin Point Destination Point

Education Purpose 33 24

Origin Point Destination Point

Recreation Purpose Origin Point Destination Point

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33 19

Historic Touring Purpose 33 57

Origin Point Destination Point

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33 21

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Core Lane Submain Lane Branch Lane

Lane Length / km Core Lanes

All Lanes

30.6 18.2 17.5

248.3

84.9 93.8

29.3 10.9

Existing Road

174.5

162.9 54.9

Overlaping Lanes Core Lanes All Lanes

12.3% 70.3%

Overlaying Subsystems The sythetical plan for cycling is an overlapping of four main networks oriented from four kinds of traffic purpose.

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Business Traffic

Education Traffic

Core Lanes

Core Lanes

7.3% All Lanes 34.2%

All Lanes

7.1% 37.8%

Recreation Traffic

Historic Touring

Core Lanes

Core Lanes

All Lanes

11.8% 65.6%

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All Lanes

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4.4% 22.1%

Relational Morphogenesis


Specific Color for Cycling Lane

Specific Icons for Cycling Lane

Specific Crossing for Cycling

Soft Division for Pedestrian and Cycling

Embellish with Landscapes

Specific Lane for Cycling

Lane Under Elevated Vehicle Ways

Waterfront CBD Readjustment Scheme

Specific Parking Pavillion for Bicycle

Cost Evaluation

Cycling Environment Strategy Category Since Xuhui is a highly developed area of Central Shanghai, it can not be a huge project to reform. As a result, landscape means such as embellishment of plants, adding sighs and adding small infrastructure for cycling are encouraged. Most of the reform work are based on existing condition.

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50M

70M

60M

180M

Existing Old Scheme Excessive wide roads split CBD into 2 parts and lead to a meaningless huge bridge. Moreover, the density of CBD is too low because it designates too much highrise.

Dissolve the Highrise In order to create a better environment for cycling and pedestrian, it is better to intense the density of builings by dissolving the highrise into the greening.

50M

Bridging via the Roof Instead of building a 180m-long bridge, the new plan can create more vivid and lively street life and communication opportunities.

Readjust Waterfront CBD Scheme Waterfront CBD is the initial and the most significant area of the cycling network. It is a new urban area which is to be construct. The existing sheme is no longer suitable for the healthy development of Xuhui as it is a sheme for vehicles. The scale of massing, the quality of street spaces and the consideration for public activity is out of control.

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Waterfront CBD Core Zone The goal of readjustment plan is to create a slow traffic friendly environment. To achieve this, the project has specific lanes & specific zebra crossing for cycling. It reduce the land for vehicles and transfer them into plazas and small retailing shops.

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2F G

G 1F G

G

Pedestrian

Cycling

G

2F

Slow Traffic

Interior Space

Couryards

Layers of Slow-Traffic Mega Structure The landmark here is no longer highrise, but a landscape mega structure where people can wondering. The surface is twisted according to main slow traffic flows and it connect the ground level, first floor and second floor by seamless slope.

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Seamless Connection between Different Levels

Specific Designing of Cycling Infrastructures

Slow Traffic Oriented Shanghai has developed to a high level that we need to pay more attention to details and to human beings. The past decades were periods for vehicles and the cars somehow made the city life worse. Fortunately, increasing people have realised that, it is time to return to an age of SLOW TRAFFIC.

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Roof surface is the main public place as well as slow traffic infrastructure

Elevated slow traffic

Couryard life in CBD

Natural daylight illumination

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Penetrating Lilong P hy s i c a l M o d e l a s D e s i g n & Communication Interface

04

The project locates in the most significant historic area of SHANGHAI. The public attention gives challenge to the universal drawing based design process as the public and different developers are hard to communicate through 2D figures only. The whole conceptual process is pushed by models only. Every change and modification is directly derived from and immediately applied to the model. As a result, physical models become the most efficient interface between different designers, government and developers.

Credits:

3 months, 2013.05-07 Professional Work @ Standardarchitecture Led by Ke ZHANG Contribution: assist Ke ZHANG & Roberto on drawings, scheming, model making and negotiating with developers and Planning Department of Shanghai Government

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View PointC View Point B View Point A

Luxury Hotel by Mario Botta Hengshan Road Yongjia Road Old Lilong Housing Restaurant Office Tea House

Site Area: 4000 M2 Total Built Area: 5322 M2 Outdoor Area: 1600 M2 FAR: 1.33

Courtyard Tube Station

Challenge: Isolated Historic Fragments Owned by 3 Different Developers In most cases in China, design firms negotiate with 1 developer by renderings each time. In this case, the site is a historic preserved area so Shanghai government monitors it frequently. Owned by 3 different developers, it brings new challenges as designers need to cooperate with non-professional developers as well as Shanghai Government at the same time.

View Point A

View Point B

View Point C

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GOVERNMENT

PHYSICAL MODEL DESIGN INSTITUTE

AS INTERFACE

DEVELOPERS

PROJECT

Physical Models rather than Drawings or Renderings as Interface Physical models are straightforward to both professional officers from government and nonprofessionals from developers. In this case, 3D and tangible models are best representing and communicating medias.

Building No.1- Office Built Area: 2106M 2 Developer A Building No.2- Office Built Area: 1180M 2

Developer B

Building No.3- Office Built Area: 1012M 2

Developer C

Building No.4- Office Built Area: 1024M 2

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Isolated Situation No trespassing is allow as the block is divided and encolsed by 3 developers with fences.

Restaurant

Tube Station

Courtyard

Tea House

Square

Office

Office

Proposal A Preserve and reconstruct most of the existing buildings, create a passing by pederstrian and several platforms for leisure.

Reconstructed Restaurant

Tube Station

Courtyard

Reconstructed Tea House

Elevated Courtyards

SOHO

Terrace Platforms

Reconstructed SOHO

Proposal B Preserve and reconstruct main massings on both ends. Build 2-floor enclosed SOHO corridors to stimulate the center part.

Reconstructed Restaurant

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Tube Station

Courtyard

Commercial Corridor

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Courtyard

SOHO

Courtyard

SOHO

Relational Morphogenesis


Bridging Platforms The two offices is next to Yongjia Road and will be the main source of stream of people. Consider that the regenerated site would be a continuous SOHO area, it is necessary to bridge new platforms between the two seperated offices.

Elevating Courtyard Elevate a new courtyard by topographical terrace platform, it create a new elevate route for leisure proposals.

Reducing Volume According to Chinese building regulation, the site can not meet the requirement of leaving space for fire fighting access. As a result, it is necessary to reduce the volume of existing tea houses. The extra benefit is thus a new plaza is created.

Enclosing Plaza The plaza towards Hengshan Road would be a landmark for this new project. As there is a tube station inside, enclosing gesture will concentrate part of the people who has touring or commercial purpose.

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Efficient Interface for an Early Stage of Designing Designing by physical model is quite common in Europe but it is really rare in mainland China, as the design market is expanding and chasing quantity rather than quality. In this case, the early process is via physical models only. Every change is derived from and made immediately onto the models. Renderings and digital models are only put into use after the concept model is quite detailed.

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Relational Morphogenesis


Bridging Platforms

Elevating Courtyard

Reducing Volume

Enclosing Plaza

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Relational Morphogenesis


Straightforward Interface for Decision Making One of the most significant benefit of pushing the design by physical models is that they are 3-D. As a result, both the officer from Shanghai Government and the developers can communicate in time and the changes of each proposal are distinct. They can even try replacing each part of the model as if they are somehow designing by themselves. The interval time for decision making is surprisingly shorter than before. It is due to both the government and the developers can give their opinion as soon as in the presentation.

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Relational Morphogenesis


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Relational Morphogenesis


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94

Relational Morphogenesis


Re-gridding Watertown Historic Village Strategy Planning & Detailed Urban Design

05

AWARD: 2012 CUPEN National Collegiate Urban Design Competition, 2nd Prize Held by 'China Urban Planning Education Network' [CUPEN]

Panlong Historic Village is the last undeveloped historic town in Shanghai. Convient access, good agriculture landscape are top 2 superiorities comparing to other old towns. The project is about stimulating appropriate transformation in farming and industry to attract day trippers and bussiness tourists while preserving the pleasant spatial framework and offering new job opportunities to the local villagers.

Credits:

4 months, 2012.3-6, with Yuan LIU B.E. Urban Planning, Tongji University Tutors: Prof. Yifan YU, Prof. Xiaoyu GAO

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Relational Morphogenesis


STATUS ANALYSIS Beening undeveloped, Panlong Historic Village is lucky to preserve good sceneries of old Jiannan village and good agriculture environment. Old residence area, the cross streets, Panlong river and many old factories are typical and significant factors.

KEY REGIONS 1. Panlong River 2. Panlong Temple 3. Panlong Church 4. Xianghua Bridge 5. Laifeng Bridge 6. Chen's Ancestral Hall 7. Factories 8. the Cross Street 9. farmlands

9

7

3

1

5 8 4

LEGEND municipality protected site

6 heritage building

historical building

workshops to be preserved

buildings to be demolished 2 Panlong Cross Streets

protected historic area

main farmlands

Panlong River

Panlong Cross Streets - the most significant commercial strees with good historic style and features.

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Relational Morphogenesis


LOCATION ANALYSIS It's Shanghai's west gate - the first and last kilometre of arriving at and leaving Shanghai. The Conference Center and the Hongqiao Transportation Hub will bring opportunities to the undeveloped Panlong Historic Village.

M10 Station

NANJING

M20 Station

the site Panlong Village

Hongqiao Airport

Conference Center

Hongqiao Railway Station

Downtown Shanghai

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SHANGHAI

HANGZHOU

97

Relational Morphogenesis


CONTEXTS OF WATER SYSTEM

PROSPECT

STRATEGIES

ADHERE TO THE CONTEXT

Dragon Village Zhujiajiao Village

Shanghai was born to and nurtured by river. Nowadays rivers' importance are declining. We decide to reset the status of Dragon River and enroll Dragon Village into the river tour system of Qingpu District which consist of many famous historic villages.

Jingze Village

ADHERE TO THE SLOW LIFE Shanghai is booming dramatically and citizens desire slow life, healthy foods and nature. It's clever to maintain the agriculture and leisure lifestyle which are attractive to visitors and profitable to the local at the same time.

ADHERE TO THE LOCALITY

eco-agriculture

locals tourists

Offer different types of accommodation and job opportunities. Enhance condition of historic area, upgrade operating scale of farming, reform workshops into creative studios to support the revival of Panlong Village on its local industries.

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industry exhibit

employees

historic culture

artists

forced to move out Gentrification Development Mode

98

weekend visitors businessman new residence

Multiple Social Classes

artists studio religious visit

Local Industrial Support

Relational Morphogenesis


PATTERNS EXTEND TRAFFIC

Present Paths

Present Vehicle Ways

Present River

Goal: Convenient

Extend A Network

Make Connection

Regain Past Canals

Goal: Pleasant Scale

Open Up Latent Paths

Create Open Space

Internal Courtyards

OPEN INTERFACE

Panlong Cross Streets

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Relational Morphogenesis


PROTOTYPE RESIDENTIAL MODES OF WATERTOWNS In Row

With Yard

TEXTURE TRANSITION Enclosed

Distributed

There are 3 typical spatial textures from west to east formed by latent geographical and social factors. So one task is to harmonize the transition of 3 textures. AGRICULTURE HISTORIC WATERTOWN INDUSTRY

PUBLIC SPACE OF WATERTOWNS IN SOUTHERN CHINA

PRINCIPLE AND PRIORITY

SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT

core area general area

1.delimit protected historic area

2.delimit property rights of land

municipality protected site heritage buildings

3.define heritage buildings

historic buildings

4.define historic buildings

to be reformed to be demolished

5.define workshops levels

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ADHERE TO TRADITIONAL SPACE TYPOLOGY

HARMONIZE THE TRANSITION

Hall

Yard

Garden

Reformed Workshop

SOHO and Studios

Preserved Residence

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Field

Field Housing

101

Relational Morphogenesis


STRUCTURE ANALYSIS

SITE PLAN

Spatial Structure Analysis

Landuse Table Landuse

River Axis

8.31

Multi-use

2.61

6.6%

Public Facilities

7.82

19.7%

Commercial

4.26

10.7%

Culture

2.40

6.0%

Admin

1.16

2.9%

12.56

31.6%

5.60

14.1%

Panlong River Axis Include

Core Area

Eco-agriculture Road Eco- Axis Eco-agriculture agriculture CreativeIndustry IndustryAxis Historic Axis Axis Axis Watertown Axis

Landuse Analysis Exhibition Exhibition

Water Area In Total

20.9%

2.79

7.0%

39.69

100%

Main Index Residence Newhousing SOHO

Hotel

Public

Historic Watertown Eco-agriculture

Greening Green Protective

Name

Amount

Area of Landuse

39.69ha

Area of Structure

436,600m2

Include

Creative Industry Creative Industry

Ratio

Area(ha)

Residential

Ecoagriculture

Residence

122,200m2

Commerce

89,700m2

Office

63,600m2

Hotel

36,000m2

Farmhouse

12,600m2

SOHO

60,400m2

Culture

52,100m2 1.10

FAR Building Density

30.2%

Greening Density

31.6%

Traffic System

River Route

Pedestrian

Vehicle Way

Cross Streets

Field Plank

Legend Municipality Protected Site

Open Space System

Heritage Building Historical Building New Residence Other New Building Reformed Workshop Panlong River

Eco-agriculture Greening

Square

River Vehicle Way

Protective Greening

EcoAgriculture

Pedestrian System Square

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Relational Morphogenesis


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Relational Morphogenesis


HISTORIC WATERTOWN HOW TO PRESERVE

WHAT TO PRESERVE

WATERTOWN VIEW

Present Status

Historic Temples

Demolish the Improper Ones

Traditional Residence

Remold the Courtyard

Improve the Environment

Historic Street and Square

ECO-AGRICULTURE The farmland is reserved as productive landscape, not only producing grain but also places for leisure and sports - which will also reproduce job opportunities for the local.

ECO-AGRICULTURE AREA

Farmland for Weekend Leisure

Preserved Local Farmhouse

A: Country House for Weekend Leisure

Weekend Country House

Reformed Workshop for Exhibiton B: Eco-agriculture Exhibition

Eco-agriculture Farmland both for Cultivate and Leisure

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Relational Morphogenesis


WATERFRONT HISTORIC STREET housing

atelier

public contact

leisure and entertainment

FARMLAND orchard pedestrian plank

fishing

farmland

holiday farmhous

LEISURE PARK housing

teahouse

square

canal

leisure park

Panlong River

PANLONG TEMPLE museum

temple pond

temple fair

Panlong Temple

CREATIVE INDUSTRY Reform the preserved workshops to Exhibition Pavillion and Office Buildings, especially for creative industry. Build SOHO house and artist studios near the workshops to support the plan.

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Relational Morphogenesis


UPDATED SPACE & FUNCTION

ACTIVITIES PLAN

Remodeled Entrance Space

For Local Residents The last km of well preserved and reformed historic watertown

le

emp ng T

Panlo

uare

le Sq

us M

io Relig

p Tem

m

useu

New Job Offers Provided

For Visitors The last km of journey before leaving Shanghai

nce

side

nt erfro Wat

rk

re Pa

Leisu

Re oric Hist

d Ar

an OHO

S

tudio tist S

New Function in Reformed Workshops

For Office Workers The last km of leisure and slow life working area in such a busy city

tive Crea ar nt P

erfro Wat

str Indu

ops

rksh

y Wo

k

Slow Life And Country Scene

For Residents Nearby The last km of traditional country life and nature garden for pollution-free food and farm work experience

ouse

try H oun nd C

ke Wee

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s

hard

rc nt O

erfro Wat

106

Relational Morphogenesis


Historic Housing

Mixed Community

Sports Park

Historic Street and Alley

Hotels

Weekend Country House

Creative Industry Workshops

Orchard For Leisure

Artists Studio

Panlong Temple and Religious Museum

Eco-agriculture Exhibition Pavillion

Exhbition Pavillion for Flexible Themes

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Relational Morphogenesis


PROSPECT The revival plan for Panlong Historic Watertown aims at taking full advantage of the location and good presevation of historic and natural resource to support the development of the whole village. Adhere to the context of watertown and spatial patterns, adhere to the slow lifestyle, adhere to the locality are the top-3 basic principles.

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Relational Morphogenesis


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Relational Morphogenesis


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Relational Morphogenesis


Farming Community Community Design with Urban Agriculture

06

AWARD: 2012 National Green Buildings Design Competition, 3rd Prize Held by 'China Green Building Association' [CGBA]

4 months, 2011.3-6 Indivisual Work B.E. Urban Planning, Tongji University Tutors: Prof. Lei HUANG

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Housing stocks in Shanghai are suffering from CRISIS: great separation of living and working; a growing number of aging population; urban morphology follows the same pattern...... This very residential site is next to a No.8 metro station and is surrounded by campuses and industrial parks. With the combination of 3 different functions and introduction of a green path of urban agriculture, it will benefit a lot via establishing a pluralistic and eco-friendly community and offer the area a convenient passing path and vivid street life. 111

Relational Morphogenesis


A typical Shanghai residential district along the creek of Suzhou River which has good scenery of Suzhou River as well as nice landscape design itself. But to public's disappointment, the whole district is gated.

HOUSING CRISIS

STRATEGY

1. MONO LANDUSE: LONG-DISTANCE TRAFFIC

1. MULTIPLE : GREEN TRAFFIC

2. MONO SOCIAL CLASS: LONELY AGEING PEOPLE

2. MULTIPLE: COUMMUNITY PRIDE

Y

M/

10

248

million

T WICE

The aged populationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d been 178 million in 2010 and is increasing at the speed of 10m/year. Chinese aged population will be up to 248 million in 2020 and the proportion of 17%. The level of Shanghai aging population is twice of Chinese nationwide level

3. MORPHOLOGY: ENCLOSED AND MONOTONOUS

3. OPEN UP AND ADAPT TO NATURE

ENCLOSURE

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Relational Morphogenesis


GOAL: A GREEN TIE

OVERLAPS OF 3 DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS

OFFER A REGIONAL GREEN PATH

Metro Line3

SITE: AN OVERLAP

SUFE Dabaishu Trade Zone

FDU

Dabaishu Trade Zone Tongji University

TJU

80

Hongkou District

0M

SITE Yangpu District

0M 40

North Sichuang Road

SITE

NORTH BUND

Zhabei District

tro

Me Hongkou Stadium

Pudong District

Metro No.8 Station

Residence District

Knowledge -Based Industry

University

Service

Business Office

Commerce

Shipping

Recreation

OVERLAPS OF 6 DIFFERENT GROUPS

e8

Lin

Park

Luxun Park

North Sichuang Road

Notable Aging People

Notable Tenement

Under 60

86%, 2049 People

60-80

08%, 191 People

Permanent

82%, 921 Families

Over 80

06%, 143 People

Rent

18%, 207 Families

GREEN TIE OF URBAN FARMING

Lonely Aged Nuclear Family

CAMPUS

Young Couple Young Single Entrepreneur

RESIDENTIAL AREA ENTERPRISE ZONE

Student

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Relational Morphogenesis


PROCESS

? Metro Line.8 Station Quyang Hospital Community Center Junior High School Senior High School Super Market

PRESENT FACILITIES Metro station, super market and the hospital make the west part of site more public.

DEMANDS SURVEY Groups

Demand

Green Path Bicycle Parking Bus Station Vehicle Way

Nuclear Family

Office Area

GREEN TIE AND TOD DEVELOPMENT MODE A green traversable tie to improve the combination of residential area, campus and enterprise zone. New office buildings are desired near the Metro Line.8 Station. Young Couple

Young Single

Entrepreneur

Urban Farming Schools Office

College Student

Housing SOHO

ENRICH THE COMMUNITY WITH URBAN FARMING

Encourage the elderly to plant as recreation, change derelict walls into sports facilities. The buildings are enclosed to make good use of inner yard as well as build up community pride.

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Relational Morphogenesis

Time

Lonely Aged

Air & Light

Area

Ratio

Name


GROUPS AND DEMANDS

GREEN TIE WITH URBAN AGRICULTURE & PUBLIC FACILITIES

BUILD COMMUNITY PRIDE BY GREEN TIE

ds

Contribution

Benefit Intern Jobs

Taken Care

Green Foods

Discount

Caring Farming

Caring kids

Caring the old

Property Cost

Rent Fee

Property

Flexibility

College Student Nuclear Family

Young Single

Lonely Aged People Entrepreneur Young Couple

SECTION OF GREEN TIE

Arcade Commerce

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Buffer Greening

Urban Agriculture

115

Green Path

Urban Agriculture

Buffer Greening

Arcade Commerce

Relational Morphogenesis


Super Market

Kindergarden

Hospital

Community Center

Office

SITE PLAN

Bus Stop

Office Center

Metro Line8 Commerce

Green Path

Bicycle Parking

Bus Stop

Housing

Bus Stop

Sports Ground

Cark Parking

Kindergarden

MORPHOLOGY- URBAN MOUNTAINS CHINESE IMPLICATION

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EAST SKYLINE

SOUTH SKYLINE

116

Relational Morphogenesis


Senior High School

SOHO

Urban Agriculture

Community Center

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Senior High School

Crenative Center

People Entrance/Exit

Creative Center

117

Urban Agriculture

Green Path

N 0

10

20

50M

Relational Morphogenesis


FLEXIBLE AND DIVERSE UNITS

0 1 2

5

10M

RENT HOUSING ARE FLEXIBLE FOR DIFFERENT RENTING GROUPS

For SOHO

Standard Style A: For Young Couple

SOUTH-FACING ROOM AS PARLOR

Style B: Upstairs (H+6.00M)

B

C For Lonely Aged

For Young Single

Style B & C- Duplex

R:Style B(H+3.00M) L:Style C(H+3.00M)

Style

Building Area

Usable Area

Amount

A

70m2

55.75m2

281

B

100m2

78.5m2

30

C

100m2

78.5m2

30

Statistics

Style C: Downstairs (H)

SPECIFIC FOR DIFFERENT GROUPS IN DIFFERENT FRAMEWORKS

Style D- For Young Couple

Style F- Downstairs

Style E- For Nuclear Family

Adapt to Enclosed Cluster

Style F- Upstairs

Style

Style G- For SOHO

D

E

F

Building Area

82.5m

81.9m

132m

Usable Area

70.5m2

65.9m2

Amount

240

160

2

2

Style H- For SOHO

G 2

H 2

85.25m

82.75m2

102.5m2

63.5m2

62.5m2

80

120

120

Statistics

SOHO HOUSING TO FEED LATENT DEMAND OF THE REGION Style

I

J

K

L

M

N

Building 162m2 162m2 110m2 135m2 135m2 115m2 Area Usable Area Amount

121m2 121m2 87.5m2 112m2 112m2 92.5m2 79

79

41

41

41

41

Statistics L

J K I

SOHO Tower A- Style I&J

Portfolio of Waishan QIU

M N

SOHO Tower B- Style K,L,M&N

118

Relational Morphogenesis


DIVERSE COURTYARD TYPE 1: LANDSCAPE COURTYARD FOR HIGH-RISE SOHO CLUSTER

Urban Agriculture

Sandpit

Green Path

Ca fe

Square

Water Pool Cafe Lo b

by

Sports Room

Library

Grocery

Lobby

Ca r

pa

rk

Lo b

by

Ca rp

ark

Lobby

Cardpark

Un

Cardpark

de Ca rgro rpa un rk d

N 0

5

10

20M

TYPE 2: PRODUCTIVE COURTYARD FOR MOUNTAIN-SHAPE CLUSTER

en

Gre

h Pat

nd

ath en P

U Ca nde rp rgr ark ou

Gre

Underground Carpark People Entrance/Exit

Public Bicycle Square

Bus Stop N 0

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5

10

20M

Relational Morphogenesis


SEMI-PRIVATE & PRIVATE

NEW MIXED COMMUNITY MODE

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Relational Morphogenesis


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Relational Morphogenesis


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Relational Morphogenesis


Twisting Tower Highrise Building Design for Rubber Trees in Rainforest

07

AWARD: 2012 CTBUH Student Design Competition, Semi-Finalist Held by 'Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat' Rainforests are facing severe crisis of rapid decrease worldwide. The problem of rainforest area in Xishuangbanna, South China is caused by the rubber trees planting, same as the cases in other countries in south-east Asia. Since rubber tree industry contributes to the income of the majority of the local people and thus vital and irreplaceable we proposed to plant rubber trees vertically and spirally to return the land to rainforest... The rubber tower is not only a place to plant rubber tree, but also a mega-structure for the rubber industry and for the citizens.

1 months, 2012.6-7 Competition work with X.N.WANG, R.CHEN & Y.LI Site: Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, China

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Relational Morphogenesis


1.BACKGROUND Rainforests, as the lung of the earth, are facing with severe crisis of rapid decrease and decession worldwide. The problem of rainforest area in Xishuangbanna, south China is caused by the rubber treesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; planting. In the passed 60 years, the tropical rainforest in Xishuangbanna has been decreasing dramatically as a result of Rubber Industry. Even worse, People involved with rubber business has rised from 0.5% to 45%. We locate our site in the centre of a surburb new town, which is inbetween the city and the forest. Worldwide Distribution of Rainforest

Yunnan Province, P.R.China

Xishuangbanna

Rainforest

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Relational Morphogenesis


2.RUBBER INDUSTRY INVASION RAINFOREST: A PARADISE OF BIODIVERSITY RUBBER INDUSTRY INVASION

Xishuangbanna is one of the most abundant areas in biodiversity owe to Rainforest.

Rubber Tree

Rainforest

VS

3.PROPOSAL PLANT VERTICALLY 1952

1972

2012

IN FUTURE

Rainforest Land Urban Land Rubbertree Land

PLANT SPIRALLY Collect Rubber Liquid Concentratedly

Traditional Industry Mode

Collecting

1.3X Larger Area

Curing

Products

Proposed Industry Mode

The spiral industry line is more energy saving in collecting and transportation

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Relational Morphogenesis


4.PROGRAMME MUTIPLE FUNCTION

MUTIPLE SPIRALS

Industry Spiral

Public Spiral

Living Spiral

5.RUBBER TREE - ORIENTED SKIN RUBBER TREE FEATURES

KINETIC ERANCE SYSTEM

6.CIRCULATION & STRUCTURE

Dynamic lift: main circulation core

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Horizontal corridor: connections of different cores

Vertical corridor: connections of different levels

126

Spiral path: wandering, daily maintainance and telpher.

Inner Structure Core

Inner Structure Core

Relational Morphogenesis


CONNECTED SPACE

Outer substructure

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CONNECTED FORM

Spirals

Slabs

127

Kinetic skin

Rubber tower

Relational Morphogenesis


7.FORM GENERATION BASED ON MULTI-FACTOR

POSITION OF ATRIUM ON DIFFERENT HEIGHT are based on the calculation of wind conditions respectively and the relationship between sunlight and function.

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Relational Morphogenesis


A NEW MODE TO LIVE WITH NATURE

INNER SPACE OF THE SUPER ATRIUM

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RUBBER TREE FOREST IN THE AIR

129

Relational Morphogenesis


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Relational Morphogenesis


Supplements Material, Construction, Artwork, Exhibition & Relevant Publication

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08

Relational Morphogenesis


1. CARDBOARD CONSTRUCTION 1.1 CARDBOARD HOUSE

[VER 1.0- FOR THE CONSTRUCTION FESTIVAL] Construction Festival is an annual big event among 1st year freshman of CAUP, students are required to use cardboard to build a shelter in 10 hours. I was the leader of a 14-person group.

1.2 EXHIBITION PAVILION [VER 2.0- FOR 2009 SIGEBTTF]

After completing the Palms House Ver 1.0 in Tongji, we were noticed by MATi {Shanghai Modern Archi-Tech Information Co.,Ltd.}. They contacted me and asked us to construct an pavilion. I did all the preparations, including new model and renders, calculating new size and cardboard amounts...

PROGRAMME A shelter for 14 people

MATERIALS & STRUCTURE By human figures

Sunshine and fresh air

BENDING MOMENT Hard to be bent or deformed

Division for private

Standard form

Flexible Easy to be bent or deformed

Stress along the the flute holes can be best resisted

A curved surface which can be closed and opened according to the change of weather. But it was a pity that, only could be achieved by labour power.

COMPONENT

Connected through screws

Making sure it can stand by itself

G

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Relational Morphogenesis


CONSTRUCTION LOAD TRANSFER DIAGRAM

EXPLODED DIAGRAM Tile

Purline

Lounge Floor Crosstie Beam 'X' Tie

LOAD INTERACTION Rainbow Bridge Basement

2. TIMBER WORK

[TAISHUN LOUNGE BRIDGE] Having been built as early as Tang Dynasty, Taishun Lounge Bridges represents the most developed folk building techniques of ancient China.

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Relational Morphogenesis


PHOTO EXHIBITION [Period] 2012/11/13-2012/11/28 [Contirbution] initiator, curator, exhibitor, sponsor [Site] C# Building, College of Architecutre and Urban Planning, Tongji University

TRAVELLING SCHOLARSHIP TO THE USA [AWARD] 1st JWDA-Tongji University Scholarship Programme , 2012/07/14-08/07 [Workshops and Campus Visit] UCLA, USC, UCSD, UC Berkeley and Standford

PRODUCT DESIGN [AWARD] CAUP Mascot Competition, 1st Prize, 2010/12

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Relational Morphogenesis


SNOW SCULPTURE [AWARD] the 4th International Collegiate Snow Sculpture Competition, 3rd Prize, 2012/01 [Contirbution] Concept, Sketch, Snow Sculpture [Site] Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, P.R. China

RELEVANT PUBLICATIONS 1. Participated in the publication '2040 SPATIAL SCENARIO OF SHANGHAI' {ISBN:978-7-5608-4998-0} 2. Paper <Public Bycicle System Research Based on Urbanite Trip Characteristic> Soled-author, on <Urban Construction Theory Research>, 2012 (02); {ISSN:2095-2104; CN:11-9313/TU}

NATIONAL FIELD SURVEY National Field Survey and the Two Publications 'RURAL CHINA' and 'RURAL COMMUNITY' Instructor: Prof. YANG Guiqing, PANG Lei; Contribution: leader of a survey squad in Fujian and Guangdong; survey, drawings and master plan of two villages.

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Relational Morphogenesis

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Relational Morphogenesis; Admitted by MIT & GSD

Portfolio of Waishan QIU  

Relational Morphogenesis; Admitted by MIT & GSD

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