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WELLNESS IN THE WORKPLACE

CONCEPT linear vertical repetition rhythimic recurrance of successive elements

radial symmetry expansion & undulation through space circle as regular, geometric, curvilinear shape - calming qualitites

DESIGN CONTRIBUTIONS FOR MENTAL WELL-BEING AND INCREASING THE BOTTOM LINE valerie roosma

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endicott college

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senior thesis

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The circular representation of the sound wave illustrates its undulating movement during its expansion through three dimensional space. Sound is simultaneously desired and despised in the workplace. While excess noise can be distracting and stressful, it is essential for the verbal communication needed in highly collaborative work environments.

may 2013

PREVALENCE The average employee spends thirty-three percent of his or her waking hours at the workplace

33% 1

Depression results in more days of disability than

LLLLL LLLLL LLLLL LLLLL At any one time, one out of every twenty employees in America will experience depression

# = 1 billion ########### ########### ########### ########### 3

4 4 hypertension 4 diabetes

COMMON SYMPTOMS

((((( (((((

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RECEPTION 3

$44

BILLION

2

Medical care costs seventy percent more for employees suffering from depression

70% 4

( ( ( ( ( ( ( (

LEVEL ONE RCP SCALE: 1/16” = 1’ - 0”

PREDESIGN

Per year in the U.S., depression costs employers

heart disease

;

center line - axis defining degree of balance contrast between light & dark, curviliniear & rectilinear

Persistent sadness Diminished interest in one’s activities Loss or gain of apetite Disrupted sleep Slowed body movement or thoughts Feelings of worthlessness Difficulty concentrating, remembering and deciding Thoughts of suicide or death

90%

of respondents in a recent survey completed by over 200 U.S. companies believe that improvements in office design can

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SCHEMATICS

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increase employee productivity

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decrease employee stress

LEVEL ONE FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1/8” = 1’ - 0”

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DESIGN CONTRIBUTIONS Design has the capability to increase mental well-being by understanding the needs of each individual in terms of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.

self social physical

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The work environment must be conducive to social interaction and contribute to the development of social cohesion and social support between coworkers.

The work environment must allow the individual to have a level of control in defining (territorality) and deciding (flexibility) his or her physical workspace.

BALANCE

SUPPORT

CONTROL

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ACOUSTICS

TEAMWORK

ERGONOMICS

The work environment must balance its level of stimulation and meet the individual’s primary, physical needs by decreasing physical strain and distractions to allow optimal cognitive functioning.

•  Centrally locate spaces that generate high levels of noise •  Use finish materials with higher sound absorbancies as in carpet and acoustical ceiling tiles •  Furniture taller than 53” at workstations provides acoustical privacy with a Sound Transmission Class performance rating of 20 or greater

LIGHTING

•  Combine general and task lighting to attain higher luminance values which reduces eye strain and glare •  Specify luminaires with fixture shields or louvers to reduce glare and provide a uniform light pattern •  Low-mounted luminaires deliver uniform, balanced illumination •  Reduce light flicker by using fluorescent, HID or LED lamps operating on electronic ballasts

•  Team based office layout promotes social cohesion •  Team rooms help development of social support

INTERACTION

•  Activity generators (cafes or games rooms) incrase interaction company-wide by providing a common space for all employees •  Common areas with visual presence increase social interaction •  Collaborative areas in close proximity to commonly used spaces allow conversation to continue

BRANDING

•  Branding helps develop company-wide identity that sends a visual message to employees and visitors

•  Task chairs should provide a range of motion with vertical, horizontal and back adjustments •  Dual, adjustable wall-mounted computer monitors increase visual screen space and allow user to modify for best posture •  Ergonomic, wireless keyboard and mouse provide wrist support and allow user’s movement •  Task lighting at individual workstations allows user to control amount of light

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EXECUTIVE CONFERENCE ROOM

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ELEVATION OF TEAM ROOMS

TERRITORALITY

•  Allow user to personalize space based on individual needs •  Provide tack and white boards for user to define space •  Lockable project rooms display team progress and allow development of identity •  Provide a variety of workspaces that allow user to select where to work based on type of work •  Focus rooms in close proximity to employee workstations allow for concentration on difficult tasks •  Technology and power access increase flexibility in a variety of workspaces

•  Blue promotes relaxation and reduces headaches and hypertension •  Orange stimulates mental activity and should be used in collaborative environments

END USER 1938

1939

Inspired soundwave concept

ambridge P ar k

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" " "

mb Ca

Sit e

8 9

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Raw aesthetic of garage informs mood of HP’s office renovation

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2013

ridge

, Massach u s e tt s 0 21

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HP garage known as birthplace of Silicon Valley

Dr iv

" "

5

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Bill Hewlett & Dave Packard began HP in one car garage

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P

lan

15 0 C

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HP’S HISTORY

Oscillator produces pure audible frequencies

BUILDING SECTION

FLEXIBILITY

COLOR

Model 200A audio oscillator HP's first product and created for Walt Disney

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331,800 employees & branches worldwide Cambridge based analytics software development branch selected for thesis project Physical environment typical, technology based office provides enhanced opportunity to study how design contributes to mental well-being & corporations’ bottom line

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HP’S CORPORATE STRUCTURE

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8’ ceiling enhances sense of safety

ambient lighting

open to beyond

counter task lighting

] power access counter height

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GENERAL MANAGER

LEVEL TWO FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 3/32” = 1’ - 0”

COLLABORATIVE TEAM ROOM

upholstered cushion seating & backrest

COLLAB NODE ELEVATION SCALE: 1/2” = 1’ - 0”

architecture reflects circular expansion collaboration central component to social support and productivity circular shape encompasses user

finance & admin

engineering

conceptual representation of expanding rhythm

technical services

marketing

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COLLAB NODE PLAN 7’ ceiling enhances sense of privacy and safety

ecouser infrasystem structure security interface analytics

finance

HR

product mngmnt

strategy

PR

ambient downlighting

partner industry services services

enclosed space increases collaboration upholstered cushion seating, backrest and ceiling

product creative research mngmnt

table allows user to use space as alternate workstation

Sources

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Jennifer A. Veitch, “Workplace Design Contributions to Mental Health and Well-Being,” HealthcarePapers 11 (2011): 38. Jolene Robertson and Sara Primeau, “Depression at Work: Reducing Stigma and Improving Outcomes,” Purdue University (2010): 2. Jay C. Thomas and Michel Hersen, Handbook of Mental Health in the Workplace (Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, Inc. 2002): 4.

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Tami L. Mark, PhD, David L. Shern, PhD, Jill Erin Bagalman, MSW, Zhun Cao, PhD, “Ranking America’s Mental Health: An Analysis of Depression Across the States,” Mental Health America (2007): 14.

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Ron Z. Goetzel, Ronald J. Ozminkowski, Lloyd I. Sederer, and Tami L. Mark, “The Business Case for Quality Mental Health Services: Why Employers Should Care About the Mental Health and Well-

Being of Their Employees,” Journal of Occupational Environmental Medicine 44 (2002): 320.

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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4 Text-Revision (2000): 375-376.

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Kathy Ford Montgomery, “ASID Productive Solutions: The Impact of Interior Design on the Bottom Line,” American Society of Interior Designers (November 12): 3.

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BANQUETTE SEATING DETAIL SCALE: 1/2” = 1’ - 0”

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MEETING ROOMS & ATRIUM VIEW FROM BANQUETTE SEATING

Interior Design Thesis Board  

Wellness in the Workplace: Design Contributions for Mental Well-Being and Increasing the Bottom Line.

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