Dancers in Lake Titicaca © Alex Bryce / PROMPERÚ
A practical guide for visitors
Quinua harvest Â© Flor Ruiz
Southern mountains of Peru, on the border with Bolivia
Puno (3827 meters)
Elevation Min.: Max.:
820 meters (Lanlacuni Bajo) 4725 meters (San Antonio de Esquilache)
Dec - Mar
Jun - Sept
Mar - Jun
Sept - Dec
Arriving By land Lima-Arequipa-Cabanillas-Juliaca-Puno: 1320 km / Cusco-Juliaca-Puno: 389 km /
Arequipa-Santa Lucía-Cabanillas-Juliaca-Puno: 325 km / Tacna-Candarave-Laraqueri-Puno: 415 km / By air Lima-Juliaca: By rail Cusco-Puno:
1 hr. 40 min. Lima-Cusco-Juliaca: 2 hr. 40 min.
Calendar 1-14 Feb
Virgen de la Candelaria Festivity (Puno city)
Feb / Mar
Juliaca Carnival (San Román Province)
Festival of the Crosses and Alasitas Fair (San Román and Puno provinces)
San Francisco de Borja “Tata Pancho” Festivity (Yunguyo Province)
Anniversary of the foundation of the city of Puno
Virgen Inmaculada Concepción Festivity (Lampa and Chucuito provinces)
What to eat? Andean cereals are a part of regional dishes such as pesque de quinua (quinoa puré served with milk and cheese), quinoa mazamorra (a quinoa porridge) and chairo (a soup of dried potato, beef and lamb, dried muon, potato, beans, pumpkin and wheat). The kancacho (baked lamb marinated with pepper and oil) and chicharrón de alpaca (fried alpaca meat), are also emblematic. An opportunity to taste the region’s organic coffee should not be missed.
What to buy? Puno’s weavers finely work the prized alpaca wool to create wonderful textiles. Craftsmen also make musical instruments such as the siku and the charango. The popular Pucará bulls crafted from ceramic, symbolize home perfection.
Distances By private travel from the city of Puno to the cities of: DESTINATION
Ilave (El Collao Province):
Juli (Chucuito Province):
1 hr. 20 min.
Yunguyo (Yunguyo Province):
2 hr. 30 min.
Juliaca (San Román Province):
Lampa (Lampa Province):
1 hr. 30 min.
Huancané (Huancané Province):
Putina (San Antonio de Putina Province):
2 hr. 15 min.
Azángaro (Azángaro Province):
Ayaviri (Melgar Province):
2 hr. 30 min.
Moho (Moho Province):
2 hr. 30 min.
Macusani (Carabaya Province):
Sandia (Sandia Province):
3 days (the minimum recommended stay)
Tours ½ day
Puno city tour: Main Square, Cathedral, colonial mansions, temples, museums and the lake port.
Archeological tour: Sillustani, Cutimbo, Molloco, Pukara y Vilcauta.
Lake Titicaca boat trip: Uros Floating Islands.
Nature and islands tour: Titicaca National Reserve, Taquile and Tikonata islands.
Traditional villages: Lampa, Pucará, Ayaviri, Putina.
Colonial temples tour: Chucuito, Juli, Pomata.
2 days Suasi and Amantaní islands, Chucuito and Capachica peninsulas. 8 days Excursion to the Bahuaja Sonene National Park.
Sillustani Archeological Complex © Fernando López / PROMPERÚ
Puno is a region of stories, legends and hospitable people. It has unforge able landscapes, archeological complexes, beautiful churches and festivities around Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world.
Puno to Chile to Tacna
Departmental capital Provincial capital District capital Tourist attraction International border Provincial border
to Lima to Ica
Asphalted road Arequipa Non-asphalted road Airport
Complex Molloco Archaeological
Natural Protected Area
Archaeological Complex Sillustani
LAMPA Lampa Calapuja
Complex Pukara Archaeological
La A Pucará
Choquehuanca José Domingo
a Lima a Apurímac
Kayaks from community of Llachón, on the Capachica Peninsula © Fernando López
a Tacna a Chile
Approved by RD NÂ° 0334/RE from November 24, 2017. These limits do not prejudge about the international limits
The island of Taquile is one of the places where the Sicuri was developed: a dance accompanied by the percussion of drums and the melody of the sikus.
Dancers in Taquile island © Alex Bryce / PROMPERÚ
What to see? Puno Province Cathedral
Main Square. Opening hours, Mon-Fri: 8:00 am -12:00 pm / 3:00 pm -6:00 pm / Sat: 8:00 am - 1:00 pm / 3:00 pm - 7:00 pm / Sun: 8:00 am -12:00 pm / 3:00 pm -7:00 pm This mestizo baroque-styled temple was built in the 17th century and dedicated to the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception. Andean motifs feature on its granite-sculptured facade.
El Corregidor Mansion
Deustua st. 576. Opening hours Mon-Sat: 9:00 am - 9:00 pm. Tel. (51-51) 351-921. This colonial mansion follows an architectural tradition unique to Puno. It is currently used to host cultural events and for the sale of handcrafts. It also has a café bar.
Carlos Dreyer Municipal Museum
Conde de Lemos st. 289. Opening hours Mon-Fri: 9:00 am - 7:00 pm. / Sat: 9:00 am 1:00 pm. Ticket entry. The museum’s various halls display items of ceramic, silver, gold (some discovered at Sillustani), textiles and stone sculptures. They are from the Preinca, Inca, Colonial and Republican periods. It also exhibits a collection of antique coins, and documents relating to the city’s foundation.
Conde de Lemos Balcony
Intersection of Deustua and Conde de Lemos st. Opening hours, Mon-Fri: 8:30 am -12:30 pm / 1:30 pm - 5:00 pm. This home was built in the middle of the 17th century. The Viceroy Conde de Lemos stayed here during the Laykakota mine rebellion.
Coca y Costumbres Museum
Ilave st. 581. Opening hours Mon-Sat: 9:00 am - 7:00 pm / Sun: 3:00 pm - 7:00 pm. Tel. (51-51) 209-420. Ticket entry. The museum has three halls. The first presents introductory documentaries about the history of the coca leaf and the dances of the Puno region. The second displays a chronology of the history of the coca leaf and replicas of huacos (an ancient artifact) and coca leaf offerings. In the third there are representative costumes from traditional local dances.
4 blocks from the Main Square, to the west. Crowned by a statue of Manco Cápac, founder of the Inca empire, this natural lookout has a privileged view of the city and Lake Titicaca. Local legend holds that its caverns form subterranean passages that lead to the Qoricancha, in the city of Cusco.
Kuntur Wasi Lookout
2 km from the center of the city (15 min. by car). A long stairway leads to the top of this lookout, with views over the city and to Lake Titicaca. The name derives from Quechua and means “home of the condor”.
San Juan Bautista Temple Virgen de la Candelaria Sanctuary
Pino Park, in the center of the city. Opening hours, Mon, Wed, Fri: 8:00 am - 6:00 pm / Tue, Thu: 10:00 am - 12:00 pm / 4:00 pm - 6:00 pm / Sat, Sun: 7:00 am - 7:00 pm. An image of Puno’s patron, the Virgen de la Candelaria, is found on the altar of this Republican-style construction. It is one of the most venerated images in the southern Andes. The festival falls in February and is one of Peru’s most important. Unesco has declared it Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Independencia st. 2nd block. This carved stone arch pays homage to the heroes of Peru’s independence.
Puma Uta Park and Lookout
3 km to the northwest of the city (20 min. by car). The name of this lookout means “home of the puma” in Quechua. A monument representing the puma, protector of the Andes, stands out above a fountain that symbolizes Lake Titicaca.
El Sol Ave. 725. Opening hours, Mon-Fri: 8:00 am -1:00 pm / 3:00 pm - 5:00 pm Through an exhibition of historic documents about maritime navigation and the history of Lake Titicaca from Preinca times until today, the theme of this museum is the sailing of iron ships on its waters. It also displays models and photographs of emblematic vessels such as the Yavarí, the Huáscar and the BAP Puno.
Bahía de los Incas Ecotourism Promenade
12 blocks from the Main Square, on the banks of Lake Titicaca. This pedestrian walkway near the lake’s bank has beautiful views. Solar clocks, known as sukankas or intihuatanas, can be seen during a stroll. They were used by Preinca cultures to point to sites for ritual sacrifices and to identify the boundary of each community’s territory.
Cathedral in Puno city © Mylene D'Auriol / PROMPERÚ
Uros Floating Islands, Lake Titicaca © Gihan Tubbeh / PROMPERÚ
Buque Yavari Museum
Puno bay The Yavari, a ship made of British iron in the 1860s, was transported from the coast to the Altiplano in 2766 pieces. A tour through its compartments reveals the ship’s original equipment, as well as documents, maps and models from the era.
12 blocks from the Main Square. The lake is an essential part of the Andean world view. It is much more than a source from which communities extract natural resources; according to legend Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo, children of the Sun God and founders of the Inca empire, emerged from its waters. At 3810 m, it is the highest navigable lake in the world. Peru and Bolivia share sovereignty over the lake. The Amantaní, Taquile, Tikonata, Suasi, Soto and Anapia natural islands are on the Peruvian side. There are also artificial islands, such as the Uros. Reeds poke up from the lake and are refuge for birds and native fish, such as carachis, ispis, mauris and suches.
Titicaca National Reserve
Located in the provinces of Puno (3 km from the lake port of Puno to the entrance of the Wily River Protected Area) and Huancané, to the northwest of Lake Titicaca. Visits by prior arrangement with reserve management, telephone (51-51) 368-559. Covering 36,180 hectares, the reserve protects the natural resources of Lake Titicaca’s ecosystem, such as its 12 varieties of aquatic plants, including the bullrush (totora) and the llacho. The Titicaca grebe, an endemic species protected by law, is an outstanding example of the lake’s 109 bird species.
Uros Floating Islands
5 km to the east of the port of Puno (20 min by motor boat). This group consists of more than 90 islands inhabited by Uro-Aymara families. Their traditional homes are built and covered with maing made from the totora reeds that grow in the lake. The inhabitants practice artisanal fishing and hunting. They make handicrafts using totora and looms and offer rides on totora rafts.
35 km to the east of the port of Puno (3hr. by motor boat). The temperature on this island varies between 23 °C and 7 °C. Once inhabited by Preinca cultures, it was used as a political prison between the colonial period and the beginning of the 20th century. In 1970 the island was declared to be the exclusive property of the taquileños, creators of a fine textile art declared by Unesco to be Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
36 km to the northeast of the port of Puno (3hr. 30 min. by motor boat). At an elevation of 3817 m, the island’s 9.28 km² surface is home to an abundance of medicinal plants, such as muña, kantuta, salvia, tola, and patamuña. Members of its ten communities grow potatoes, corn, oca, quinoa, beans, and peas. They also produce textiles, and craft items carved in stone. At the highest point, there are two natural lookouts from where the lake’s immensity can be fully appreciated, and some Prehispanic constructions can be observed.
Sillustani Archeological Complex
34 km to the north of the city of Puno (35 min. by car). Opening hours, Mon-Sun: 8:30 am - 5:30 pm. Ticket entry. Stone chullpas of up to 12 meters in height were raised here. They served as towers in which high-ranking figures from Colla nobility were buried. A tour continues to the site museum, which exhibits items belonging to the Colla, Tiahuanaco and Inca cultures. For those who just wish to relax and enjoy the scenery, there are boat rides on the Umayo Lagoon.
58 km to the northeast of the city of Puno (1 hr. by car). This stretch of land is inhabited by 16 communities who offer rural experiential tourism to visitors. The beaches of Chifrón are among many beautiful landscapes to be found amidst the peninsula’s localities.
74 km to the northeast of the city of Puno, on the banks of Lake Titicaca. (1 hr. 30 min. by car). This traditional community preserves its customs and principal economic activities, such as agriculture, livestock, fishing, and handicrafts. Local families offer their homes to people interested in experiential tourism. The lake is an important means of access to the community and for the onward journey to islands such as Taquile and Amantaní.
76 km to the northeast of the city of Puno (1 hr. 45 min. by car). At an elevation of 3819 m, this island lies opposite the community of Ccotos, in the district of Capachica. It enjoys a temperate climate, suitable for the cultivation of products such as potatoes, oca, beans, wheat, barley, and quinoa. Its homes are notable for their circular form, similar to the Pre-Inca putucos. The inhabitants offer visitors the opportunity to practice experiential tourism.
Craftsmen of Taquile island © Heinz Plenge Pardo / PROMPERÚ
Cutimbo Archeological Complex
Inter-Oceanic Highway Puno-Moquegua kilometer 17, to the south of the city of Puno as far as the detour that leads to the complex (20 min. by car). Opening hours, Mon-Sun: 8:30 am - 5:30 pm. Ticket entry. The ancient cemetery that belonged to the Lupaca and Colla kingdoms consists of stone chullpas and dates back to the period between AD 1100 and 1532. Some cave paintings can also be found in the area, the age of which has been calculated at 8000 years.
18 km to the south of Puno (20 min. by car). Chucuito was known as the “City of the Royal Treasury” in colonial times because it was a center for tax collection. The temples of Santo Domingo and Nuestra Señora de la Asunción date back to this period. Its Prehispanic origins are apparent at the Inca Uyo archeological site. Those who are interested, can visit the fish farm to learn about the breeding process for trout.
28 km to the south of the city of Puno (25 min. by car). The beaches in the Charcas area are well known. A natural lookout in the Titilaca area allows the visitor to appreciate the splendor of the ecological diversity that is a feature of the area.
Molloco Archeological Site
30 km to the south of the city of Puno towards the district of Acora (30 min. by car), and then 4 km to the site (15 min. by car). The site is located in the community bearing its name. It consists of approximately ten chullpas that served funeral purposes in the Inca-Lupaca territories. Twenty subterranean tombs have also been discovered here.
Chucuito Peninsula Karina
62 km to the southeast of the city of Puno, on the banks of Lake Titicaca. (1 hr. 20 min. by car). This area is renowned for its beautiful scenery, composed of white sandy beaches and farmland. Its inhabitants open the doors of their homes for visitors interested in experiential tourism.
67 km to the southeast of city of Puno, on the banks of Lake Titicaca. (1 hr. 30 min. by car). This community preserves its customs, and its members offer activities such as artisanal fishing and navigating Titicaca by sailboat. From its natural lookouts, the visitor has wonderful views of the surroundings.
El Collao Province Ilave District
54 km to the south of the city of Puno (1 hr. by car). A rock formation here extends from Bebedero del Inca to Vilcauta in the far south, where a large rock is sculpted in the form of a door. People come from everywhere to practice arcane rituals.
Chucuito Province Juli District
79 km to the south of the city of Puno (1 hr. 20 min by car). The “Lile Rome of America” was founded on 2 April 1565. It was the main center for evangelizing in the area. Its colonial temples—San Pedro Mártir, Santa Cruz, Nuestra Señora de la Asunción and San Juan de Letrán—all fine examples of the Andean baroque or Colonial baroque style, provide the evidence. They all house works by the renowned Italian painter Bernardo Bii and of the Cusco school. The laer two have been converted into museums.
105 km to the south of the city of Puno (1 hr. 30 min. by car). The privileged view of the lake and the peninsula here make this the “Philosophical Balcony of the Altiplano”. Its principal aractions include the Santiago Apóstol temple and the white sandy beaches at Chatuma.
Yunguyo Province Wiñaymarca Archipelago
128 km to the south of the city of Puno, towards the locality of Yunguyo, (2 hr. 30 min. by car) and then continuing to the Punta Hermosa port (30 min. by car) and 18 km to Anapia Island (1 hr. 30 min. by motorized vessel). Different communities inhabit this group of islands on Lake Wiñaymarca. The economy is based on the products they extract from the area´s flora and fauna. Celebrations such as the casarasiri (a wedding that takes place over three days), are a feature of their customs. Yuspique is the largest island. Here, members of the Anapia community raise vicuña. There is no beer way to appreciate the beauty of its landscape than a hike or a sailboat ride. A visit to this island is also a good opportunity to enjoy regional cuisine.
Lampa Province Lampa District
79 km to the north of the city of Puno (1 hr. 30 min. by car). Known as "Ciudad Rosada", it has the Santiago Apóstol temple, famous for housing a replica of Michaelangelo's La Piedad. Lampa´s streets feature mansions decorated with carved sillar and stones from Amantani Island. There are queñua forests and puya Raimondi in the surroundings, as well as a chinchilla nursery.
104 km to the north of Puno (1 hr. 50 min. by car). This area is home to skillful poers who give form to the well-known Pucará bulls. The visitor to this district will also find the Lítico Museum of Pukara, which displays monoliths, steles, stone sculptures and ceramic pieces. The Pukara Archeological Complex is located 1 kilometer from Pucará (5 min. by car). It served as a ceremonial center and was built in 1800 BC by the Pukara culture, which lasted until AD 380. It consists of two sectors: the ceremonial section, with nine pyramids, and an urban area.
San Antonio de Putina Province Putina District
124 km to the north of the city of Puno (2 hr. 15 min. by car). The main aractions of this city are Sirpiqapa Park, which is Quechua for “snake of stone”, in allusion to the shapes formed by erosion, and the hot springs, to which the inhabitants aribute healing properties. Cala Cala, on the outskirts of the city, is the best place to see vicuñas and alpacas. A puya Raimondi forest grows five kilometers from Putina.
Azángaro Province Tintiri Temple
137 km to the north of the city of Puno (2 hr. by car) / 12 km to the northeast of Azángaro (20 min. by car). This baroque church was built in the 17th century over the Choquechambi huaca. Regarded as a replica of the Paris Cathedral, it has adobe walls made from a mix of wool, straw and human hair.
The Santiago Apóstol Temple in Pomata © Yael Rojas / PROMPERÚ
Artisan from Pucará © Martín Pauca
Melgar Province Ayaviri District
137 km to the north of the city of Puno (2 hr. 30 min. by car). Obligatory visits in Ayaviri include the mestizo baroque temple of San Francisco de Asis, and the Pojpoquella hot springs, with their therapeutic qualities. An excursion to Tinajani is possible from here. This canyon of anthropomorphic rocks is located 14 kilometers away (30 minutes by car).
Moho Province Suasi Island
157 km to the northeast of the city of Puno (3 hr. 30 min. by boat). Entry by prior arrangement: firstname.lastname@example.org or telephone (51) 941-741-374. This private conservation area protects an ecosystem of 43 hectares. The aromatic herbs, pulses and grasses that grow here feed vicuñas and vizcachas. The soil is also used to grow potatoes, oca, quinoa, and tarwi. It is an exceptional place to see birds, such as choccas, cormorants, ducks, divers, hummingbirds, caracaras and ibis.
Carabaya Province Carabaya
256 km to the north of the city of Puno (4 hr. by car). Allinccapac’s snowy peak is the guardian apu (mountain spirit), where the Allinccapac Raymi celebration takes place with performers dancing to the beat of ancestral instruments. The curious rock formations and cave paintings of Corani are 25 kilometers away.
Sandia Province The Bahuaja Sonene National Park
350 km to the northeast of the city of Puno (10 hr. by car). Access from the city of Juliaca towards San Pedro de Putina Punco. Ticket entry. The park covers territory in the regions of Puno and Madre de Dios and protects a large variety of wildlife and flora, in particular approximately 1200 buerfly species. The Ese’eja and Kotsimba indigenous communities inhabit the park.
Puno City Center Railway Urban area
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Carlos Dreyer Municipal Museum
Conde de Lemos Balcony
San Antonio Temple
Coca y Costumbres Museum
Kuntur Wasi Lookout
Virgen de la Candelaria Sanctuary
La Merced Temple
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www.peru.travel www.ytuqueplanes.com Opening hours and telephones are subject to variation by each tourist a¡raction. Confirm times and phone numbers with IPERÚ.
A publication by the Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Board - PROMPERU Calle Uno Oeste N° 50, piso 14, urb. Córpac, San Isidro, Lima - Perú Telephone: (51-1) 616-7300 www.promperu.gob.pe © PROMPERÚ. All rights reserved. Hecho el Depósito Legal en la Biblioteca Nacional del Perú N° 2017-11097 Imprenta: Quad/Graphics Perú S.A. (Av. Los Frutales No. 344, Ate Vitarte-Lima) Lima, agosto de 2017
The information in this brochure was updated in August 2017. In developing it, PROMPERU has used official information sources, including the Puno Regional Directorate of Foreign Trade and Tourism (DIRECTUR Puno). FREE DISTRIBUTION. NOT FOR SALE.
Guía del viajero Puno, español.