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We also serve vegetarian and vegan meals. A special set vegetarian or vegan menu at £7.45 per person (minimum of two people) consisting of nine different selections of hot and cold Lebanese hors d'oeuvres (Mezzeh). ALL OUR DISHES BOAST HIGH FIBRE, LOW FAT NATURAL INGREDIENTS, AND POSITIVELY NO ADDITIVES Vegetarians and Vegans who have been unhappy wearing leather shoes and have found canvas and plastic shoes unsatisfactory finally have a choice. These new 'Vegetarian shoes' look and feel like supple leather but are infact 100% man made, - the uppers are made from a new high-tec polyurethane, that is scuff-resistant, water-resistant and most importantly 'breathable' like leather. Combined with the quality, comfort and durability synonymous with Doc Martens we feel we have now produced the ultimate vegetarian shoes! D.M. SHOES £47.00 + £3.95 P&P BLACK & BROWN D.M. BOOTS £49.95 + £3.95 P&P BLACK, GREEN, PURPLE A CHERRY D.M. HIKER £55.00 + £3.95 P&P BLACK , BROWN & LIGHT TAN D.M. CHELSEA £49.95 £3.95 P * P BLACK Make cheques payable to VEGETARIAN SHOES, and send to:




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Send a cheque/PO payable t o 'The Vegan Society' for £5.60 to: The Vegan Society, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA

2 The Vegan, Winter 1993

\?gan Editor: Richard Farhall Design and production by Taylor McKenzie Printed by Litho Techniques (Kenley Ltd) on recycled paper. Advertising Manager: Richard Farhall, 0424 427393 The Vegan is published quarterly by The Vegan Society Publication Date: March, June, September, December Copy Date: 25th January, 25th April, 25th July, 25th October ISSN 0307-4811 © The Vegan Society The views expressed in The Vegan do not necessarily reflect those of the Editor or of the Vegan Society Council. Nothing printed should be construed to be Vegan Society policy unless so stated. The Society accepts no liability for any matter in the magazine. The acceptance of advertisements (including inserts) does not imply endorsement. The inclusion of product information should not be construed as constituting official Vegan Society approval for the product, its intended use, or its manufacturer/distributor. Contributions intended for publication are welcomed, but unsolicited materials will not be returned unless accompanied by an SAE.

SOCIETY The Vegan Society 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-onSea, East Sussex TN37 7AA Tel. and Fax. 0424 427393 Registered Charity No. 279228 Company Registration No. 1468880 VAT Registration No. 448 5973 95 Hon Patrons: Serena Coles, Freya Dinshah Arthur Ling, Tony Martin, Cor Nouws, Donald Watson, Robin Webb Council: Martyn Allen, Terry Bevis, Alex Bourke, Patrick Browne, Frank Hutson, Olive Jones, Robin Lane, Tony Martin, Martin MastermanLister, Tim Powell, Rick Savage, Louise Wallis (Chair) 3 The Vegan, Winter 1993

Hon. Treasurer Terry Bevis Local Contacts Co-ordinator Martyn Allen Prison Liaison Officer Simon Russell STAFF General Secretary Richard Farhall Office Manager (part-time) Amanda Rofe Administrative Assistant Keith Bird Veganism may be defined as a way of living which seeks to exclude, as far as possible and practical, all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purpose. In dietary terms it refers to the practice of dispensing with all animal produce — including meat, fish, poultry, eggs, animal milks, honey, and their derivatives. Abhorrence of the cruel practices inherent in dairy, livestock and poultry farming is probably the single most common reason for the adoption of veganism, but many people are drawn to it for health, ecological, spiritual and other reasons. If you would like more information on veganism a free Information Pack is available from the Society's office in exchange for two first class stamps. The Vegan Society was formed in England in November 1944 by a group of vegetarians who had recognized and come to reject the ethical compromises implicit in lacto-(i.e. dairy-dependent)vegetarianism and consequently decided to renounce the use of all animal products. If you are already a vegan or vegan sympathizer please support the Society and help increase its influence by joining. Increased membership means more resources to educate and inform. Full membership is restricted to practising vegans, as defined above, but sympathizers are welcome as supporters of the Society. Both members and supporters receive The Vegan.

Contents News


A Movement's Means Create Its Ends 6 Rights not welfare J D Hoo 8 Aubergine D'Amour Tips For Being a Better Vegan in 1994 Self-improvement


Sun, Sea, Sand . . . and Soya Milk 12 The 7th International Vegan Festival

The Vegan Christmas Carol Cartoon fun

A Christmas Menu 24 Festive fare for a tenterhooked tummy Reviews


Contact News


Megan's Christmas Carol 29 More seasonal joviality 13 Vegan Video Fund 30 One last push!

Shoparound Festive treats


Womenspeak Natural rhythm


A Guinness Book for Vegans? 17 Does a traditional stocking filler give vegan value? The Vegan Society Trade Mark is the property of the Vegan Society. The Society is prepared to authorize the use of its trade mark on products which accord with its 'no animal ingredients, no animal testing' criteria. Applications for use should be addressed to the General Secretary. Unauthorized use is strictly forbidden.

Growsense 23 Notes for December-February

Postbag Views from the readership


Publications & Merchandise






The Manual of Animals Rights — Part Three 19 Chief illustrator: Suzanne Whitelock Cover by Suzanne Whitelock


Conal Walsh and Stewart, 10 Stukeley Street, London WC2B 5IQ." Meat Trades Journal 30.9.93

More Breeding Vegans

Council Movements

In September, market researchers Mintel, published the results of its 'Vegetarian and Organic Food' survey. Mintel's report puts the number of "strict vegetarians" at 4.5% of the British population and number of vegans at 200,000. Guardian 20.9.93

Council welcomes three new faces to its ranks: Alex Bourke, Patrick Browne and Frank Hutson — all declared elected at the 1993 AGM held on 13 November. At the same meeting, Robin Lane and Tony Martin were declared re-elected. Thanks are due to the two retiring Council members, Harry Bonnie and Bill Poad, for their contributions and continuing support.

Token Campaign At its meeting held on 10 October 1993, the Vegan Society Council decided to step up its efforts to persuade the Department of Health (DH) to stop discriminating against vegans. Currently, the DH insists that Welfare Milk Tokens may be exchanged only for whole or semi-skimmed cow's milk or dried milk — the approved list of which does not include OsterSoy, the UK's only vegan infant formula. At the Society's initiative, a vegan nutritionist will shortly be presenting the DH's advisers with a comprehensive nutritional/medical case for the supply of vegan alternatives. Meanwhile, three-month-old vegan baby Hannah Thomson, from Merseyside, is taking legal action against the DH for not allowing her Milk Tokens to be exchanged for soya alternatives. Her parents. Will and Joanne, who have been paying £60 a month to feed her, are bringing a case in her name.

Lion's Den "Lovers of meat, and those who just like to engage in the habit occasionally, now have a place to go where they can indulge in their favourite dish without fear of being hassled about such things as cholesterol or animal rights — The Carnivores Club." The Club was launched at a London restaurant, Chez Gerard, in September. Organizers hope to stage tastings, dinners, and distribute a regular newsletter on meat, its history and meat-eating. No doubt members' health care insurers will review their clients' premiums accordingly. ' T o join the club write to 4

Champion of the World

Congratulations to vegan arm wrestler, Katherine Monbiot who, in October, came first in the women's 55 kilo class at the 14th World Arm Wrestling Championships held in Edmonton, Canada. She saw off 250 competitors from 20 countries to become the proud possessor of a gold medal. She is looking forward to next year's competition but needs sponsors! Interested companies/organizations are welcome to contact her via the Vegan Society office. Katherine — a dietary therapist and colonic irrigationist — has informed us that arm wrestling is close to being recognized as an Olympic sport.

children across the Community. In 1992, the EC paid out £180 million on the subsidy. The subsidy was originally financed through the revenue from penalties levied on milk producers for exceeding the production quotas fixed by the EC. These levies were abolished in last year's reform of the Common Agricultural Policy. The milk marketing boards and the Dairy Trade Federation consider school milk the foundation to the UK's high consumption of fresh liquid milk. "When you drink milk at school, the habit stays with you for life," said the Dairy Trade Federation's Jim Begg. In a letter to the Agriculture Minister, Gillian Shepard, Shadow Farm Minister Dr Gavin Strang remarks: "Less milk consumed by children would add to huge surpluses in EC intervention stocks. Already £26 million worth of surplus butter and skim milk powder are in store." 31,000 UK schools, with some 8 million children, receive the school milk subsidy. It is unlikely that education authorities will be prepared to make up any loss of subsidy. The National Dairy Council spends £2 million a year promoting milk to children. Farmers Weekly 10.9.93 Financial Times 22.9.93

Sentience Recognized For the first time, an animal lacking a backbone will be included under the regulations that cover experiments on vertebrates — fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Now, any scientist wanting to experiment on octopuses will have to apply for

a licence and use anaesthetics during surgery. The Home Office acted on recommendations from its Animal Procedures Committee. A clear majority agreed that there was sufficient evidence of sentience to give one species of invertebrate, the common octopus Octopus vulgaris, the benefit of the doubt. However, "some scientists on the committee fear that it will be 'the thin end of the wedge' . . . and sets a precedent for further extensions into the invertebrate kingdom, perhaps to include insects as well." New Scientist 2.10.93

Staffing Cut By mutual agreement, the Office Manager's hours have been reduced to 25 a week. This is just one of a number of cost-cutting measures that Council has been forced to consider in its efforts to reduce the Society's dependence on (unpredictable) legacy

Polkinghorne Report The UK Government's Committee on the Ethics of Genetic Modification and Food Use has given some preliminary advice on the subject. The committee of six, chaired by John Polkinghorne, President of Queens' College, Cambridge found "no overriding ethical objections" to foods incorporating copies of human genes, but recommended that products containing human and other "ethically sensitive" genes be labelled clearly to allow consumers to make an informed choice. Financial Times 21.9.93

Tomorrow's Milk Junkies In September, European Community agriculture ministers decided to cut 1994's subsidy on school milk for 31 million school The Vegan, Winter 1993

Tri-ing for Gold The UK's largest manufacturer of health and vegetarian foods, Haldane Foods, is sponsoring one of the fittest women in the country, vegan triathlete Lucy Stephens. Haldane's support enabled her to represent Great Britain in the 25-29 age group at the World Triathlon Championships which took place in Manchester this August. Says Lucy: "Triathlon is probably the most gruelling of all sporting events, usually comprising a 1,500m open water swim followed by a 401km cycle ride and a 10km road run." Lucy (who will appear in the new Vegan Society video) became a vegetarian at the age of 12 and vegan at 19. Her goal for 1994 is to qualify for the "World Triathlon Championships in New Zealand as part of the elite GB team". We wish her well. Haldane Food Press Release, September 1993

A Clever Bunch Vegans completing membership application/renewal forms during the year included: 53 teachers, 28 secretaries, 6 solicitors, 14 lecturers, 5 accountants, 17 computer programmers, 16 writers/ authors, 6 gardeners, 3 postpersons, 1 orchestral conductor, 2 furniture makers, 1 croupier, 2 bank officials, 1 psychotherapist, 1 metallurgist, 1 tree surgeon, 3 scientists, 7 musicians, 1 chemist, 4 vegan business proprietors, 1 bricklayer, 1 book keeper, 1 optician, 1 fire officer, 17 civil servants, 1 water fitter, 1 post submaster, 2 councillors, 1 5 The Vegan, Winter 1993

law student, 1 vegan chef, 1 rugby coach, 32 nurses, 2 painter/decorators, 2 driving instructors, 1 geologist, 1 chiropodist, 1 mechanic, 3 electricians, 3 civil engineers, 1 school matron, 1 microscopist, 1 boat builder and 1 "good with goats"!

Veggie Pig? Newcastle University scientists are trying to create a vegetarian pig, genetically engineered to eat grass. The aim is to insert a gene from bacteria into the animal to make it produce a digestive enzyme to break down cellulose in grass, which ordinary pigs cannot do. These 'new' pigs will be cheaper to feed. Independent on Sunday 17.10.93

Cells 'Self-Destruct' "Laboratory experiments" at Bristol Medical School have revealed that: "Natural by-products of high-fibre diets can cause bowel cancer cells to selfdestruct." The finding is the result of a 10-year study funded by the Cancer Research Campaign, and lends weight to the belief that high-fibre diets can help prevent bowel cancers which are responsible for 20,000 deaths a year in Britain, and is the second main cause of cancer death in the industrialized world. Elsewhere, Processor Nick Day, Director of the Institute for Public Health at Cambridge claims that natural phytoestrogens found in whole grains and soya products, such as tofu, may protect against breast cancer. Guardian 18.10.93 Sunday Times 24.10.93

1 in 10 at Risk

In Brief

A second dairy farmer has died of the brain disorder CreutzfeldJacob Disease (CJD), which is similar to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). Several animals in the farmer's Somerset dairy herd had BSE. The Department of Health commented: "The government's expert advisers have considered this case and have agreed that there are no features that give cause for concern." There are 30-40 cases of CJD among the entire UK population each year, so two of the deaths in one year among those working with infected cattle looks a mite coincidental. Meanwhile, writing in the British Food Journal, Dr Stephen Dealler claims that unless we prove immune to BSE, at least one beef eater in 10 will develop CJD. He argues that the very low doses of the infectious BSE agent in meat, liver, and kidney can become cumulatively fatal because we eat so much beef and live so long. With an incubation period of up to 40 years, it may be the next century before we know if BSE has passed to humans. Financial Times 13.8.93 Guardian 30.10.93

• Two butchers murdered a vegetarian activist in the west Indian city of Ambavati, blaming a fall in business on her campaign against the sale of mutton. The assailants dragged Geetaben Rachiya from a motorized trishaw and hacked her to death with meat cleavers. Independent on Sunday 29.8.93 • Ross Young's is building a new £10 million factory in Fakenham, Norfolk which will produce vegetarian quick-serve dishes — including the Linda McCartney range. In 1992, the vegetarian food market was worth £7 billion. Eastern Daily Press 15.9.93 • Household carcase meat consumption fell from 10.26 oz per person per week in January to 8.72 in June. Meat Trades Journal 23.9.93 • Britain's beef mountain reached a record 164,389 tons in 1992. Daily Telegraph 27.8.93 • A livestock producer has been convicted of feeding dead lambs to his pigs. Paul Wicks was fined £108 with £289 costs after health inspectors found five dead lambs on the floor of a shed occupied by seven pigs on his farm near Swindon .Wiltshire. Farmers Weekly 6.8.93

RIVER PHE0NIX he Society was shocked to learn of the tragic death, at the age of just 23, of the actor River Pheonix, who had been vegan since birth. His parents, John and Arlyn, named him after the River of Life in Herman Hesse's Siddhartha and raised him and his four brothers and sisters — Rainbow, Liberty, Summer and Leaf (all of whom have featured in TV series and films) — as vegans for reasons of ethics and compassion, objecting to the oppression of animals. River made his film debut in Explorers (1985) in which he played a bespectacled baby Einstein. His impressive list of film appearances included: Mosquito Coast (1986), Stand By Me (1986), One Night in the Life of Jimmy Reardon (1988), Little Nikita (1988), Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), I Love You to Death (1990), Dogfight (1991) and Sneakers (1992). However, his two best performances are considered to be Running on Empty (1988) — in which he took on the role of the gifted son of two anti-Vietnam radical activists on the run, and My Own Private Idaho (1991). He was due to have started filming with Tom Cruise on a movie based on an Anne Rice novel, Interview with a Vampire. River was well-known for living healthfully, and espousing compassion and animal rights. The Guardian (1.11.93) commented: "The circumstances of his death, coupled with details of his life, may well turn Pheonix into a posthumous cult hero." Writing in 1987 in Pregnancy, Children and the Vegan Diet, Michael Klaper MD observed: "The health advantages of a vegan diet show clearly in the Pheonix children, as they take no medications, have no allergies or serious illnesses, have never been hospitalized, take no vitamin supplements, and have not needed a physician's services . . . all seem destined to be vegan superstars."


A Movements Dr Robert Garner's 'A Strategy for Animal Rights' (Summer 1993 'Vegan') was written partly in response to the following article by Tom Regan and Gary Francione which appeared in the January-February 1992 issue of the respected American animal rights magazine'Animal's Agenda'.

Create Its

The piece appears at Dr Garner's suggestion and with the kind permission of'Animal Agenda's' Acting Publisher, David Greanville


any animal advocates hold that there really is no difference between animal welfare and animal rights. Others claim that while there is a difference, advancing animal welfare is a necessary prerequisite to advancing animal rights. Given either assumption, many conscientious activists conclude that we must support welfarist means in our 6

march towards animal rights ends. We believe these views are mistaken. Not only are the philosophies of animal rights and animal welfare separated by irreconcilable differences, and not only are the practical reforms grounded in animal welfare morally at odds with those sanctioned by the philosophy of animal rights, but the enactment of animal welfare measures actually

impedes the achievement of animal rights. We emphasize at the outset that we do not intend to be critical of past activities of the movement or of the admirable efforts of individuals to end animal suffering. Rather, we are discussing the future direction of the movement as a matter of movement policy, and the campaigns chosen by the movement pursuant to that policy. The Vegan, Winter 1993

Fundamental Differences There are fundamental and profound differences between the philosophy of animal welfare and that of animal rights. Animal rights philosophy rests on the recognition of the moral inviolability of the individual, both human and non-human. Just as people of colour do not exist as resources for whites, or women for men, so other animals do not exist as resources for human beings. The goal of the animal rights movement is nothing less than the total liberation of nonhuman animals from human tyranny. No one who accepts the philosophy of animal rights would be satisfied with a continuation of our society's rapacious consumption of farm animals, for example, even if these animals were raised in an ecologically sustainable fashion, and were transported and slaughtered 'humanely'. Animal welfarists, by contrast, are committed to the pursuit of 'gentle usage'. They believe it morally permissible to use nonhumans for human benefit, but think humans should try to 'minimize' suffering. Thus, whereas welfarists seek to reform current practices of animal exploitation, while retaining such exploitation in principle, rights advocates oppose all such exploitation in principle and seek to abolish all such exploitation in practice.

Many animal rights people who disavow the philosophy of animal welfare believe they can consistently support reformist means to abolition ends. This view is mistaken. Recognition of the moral inviolability of individual animals not only helps shape the ends that the animal rights movement seeks, it should also help articulate the morally acceptable means that may be used. And this is important. Many animal rights people who disavow the philosophy of animal welfare believe they can consistently support reformist means to abolition ends. This view is mistaken, we believe, for moral, practical and conceptual reasons.

Moral Concerns The view that animal welfare means can be used to achieve animal rights ends rests on unsupported, implausible speculation about the future. For example, why should we 7 The Vegan, Winter 1993

believe that making 'animal model' research more 'humane' will persuade people in the future to stop using non-human animals in research? Why not draw the opposite conclusion — namely, that the 'humane' exploitation of non-human animals will lead to the indefinite perpetuation of such exploitation? By analogy, why think that permitting 'gentler' rape or 'more humane' slavery would lead to the absolute prohibition against rape and the total abolition of slavery? Clearly, when so much depends upon beliefs about the future, a minimal respect for rationality demands more than a minimal amount of empirical support. The thesis that reformist means will lead to abolitionist ends is entirely lacking in just such support. More than troubling, a reformist response to animal oppression is morally inconsistent with the philosophy of animal rights. Advocates of this philosophy must reject the idea that the end justifies the means; thus, they must refuse to support the institutionalized exploitation of some non-human animals today, no matter how 'humane', in the hope that other animals will benefit in the future. Since reformist measures necessarily authorize such exploitation (this is true by definition), consistent animal rights advocates cannot support them.

Practical Concerns The belief that making animal exploitation more 'humane' through legislation now will help end it in the future is mistaken for a second reason: the real world doesn't work that way. For an example we need look no further than the federal Animal Welfare Act. Many of the supporters of the 1985 amendments to the AWA argued that they were simply one step in the struggle to end vivisection. It is clear in hindsight that these expectations have remained miserably unfulfilled. Rather than hastening the demise of vivisection, the amendments fortified it through explicit Congressional recognition of its legitimacy, and gave vivisectors an ostensibly strong law to point to when questioned about abuse of animals in laboratories. For example, in a recent New England Journal of Medicine article, vivisectors, pointing to the AWA and its amendments, state that the public need not be concerned about the treatment of animals because "[t]here are stringent regulations, [which] carry the force of federal law, governing the care and use of animals in medical research." What the

authors do not point out — and what the American public does not know — is that the AWA prohibits "unnecessary" animal suffering, but leaves to the exclusive discretion of vivisectors the determination of what constitutes 'necessity'.

What the vivisectors do not mention, however, is that human experimentation requires the informed consent of the human subject

Moreover, as a result of the amendments, which require that each research facility have an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee, vivisectors now argue that the committees provide animals protection equivalent to that provided by human experimentation review committees. What the vivisectors do not mention, however, is that human experimentation requires the informed consent of the human subject — a crucial concept that cannot be applied in the context of animal experimentation — and that these committees are composed almost exclusively of other vivisectors who, for the most part, 'rubber stamp' what the vivisector wants. Small wonder, then, that many activists who worked for the 1985 amendments to the AWA now realise that the AWA serves as a most convenient tool in the biomedical industry's bag of public relations tricks. We should add that animal rights advocates who support animal welfare means are playing into the hands of the biomedical establishment's current strategy of portraying this 'temporary' acceptance of animal welfare as proof of the 'dishonesty' of the animal rights movement. In a recently published article, Patrick Concannon of Cornell Veterinary School argues that animal rights advocates often support welfarist reforms, but "are not bound by any moral requirement to be truthful about their ultimate goals and intentions." The animal rights movement must be careful to ensure that these untruths do not succeed in creating an impression of the movement as dishonest in any sense.

Conceptual Concerns The belief that animal welfare reforms advance the cause of animal rights is also mistaken conceptually. As long as humans have rights and non-humans do not, as is the

case in the welfarist framework, then nonhumans will virtually always lose when their interests conflict with human interests. Thus welfare reforms, by their very nature, can only serve to retard the pace at which animal rights goals are achieved. In order to understand this point, we need to remind ourselves of the nature of rights.

The scientist cannot legally in the human field, play God, so to speak In the ordinary course, rights are not subject to violation simply because others will benefit from that violation. For example, under the US Constitution, people enjoy a right to liberty that may not be violated without due process. This right, among others, prevents people from being used in biomedical experiments against their will — even when such use would produce substantial benefits for many other people. The whole purpose of a right is to act as a barrier of sorts between the rightholder and everyone else. In our society at the present time, and indefinitely into the future under the welfarist f r a m e w o r k , only people have rights enforceable by law. Animals are regarded as the property of humans, and rather than having rights, animals are almost always regarded as the object of the exercise of rights on the part of humans. When we confront a situation in which human and non-human interests conflict, we should attempt to balance those interests, but, under the animal w e l f a r e f r a m e w o r k , we balance two very dissimilar interests: the interest of the nonhuman animal, who is regarded as property and the o b j e c t of the exercise of human


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rights (usually property rights), against the interest of the human rightholder. And the animal is almost always bound to lose because by weighing the human right so heavily, a presumption in favour of exploitation is created. Thus the moral framework established by the animal welfare philosophy guarantees that non-human animals will almost always lose when their interests are balanced against the claims of human rights. This moral framework can only serve to impede animal rights.

Animal Rights Activism Many animal advocates will agree with us up to this point, but will then make the familiar charge: "We cannot end animal exploitation overnight. We must take things one step at a time, and we must be content with the reform of the system. The abolitionist philosophy would have us do nothing, and we need to do something." This charge rests on a misunderstanding. It is perfectly consistent with the philosophy of animal rights to take a gradual approach to end animal exploitation. It is just that the steps that need to be taken must themselves be abolitionist in nature. What would such abolitionist steps be like? Here are only a few examples: an end to the Draize, LD50 and all other toxicity and irritancy tests; an end to the use of animals in maternal deprivation, military and drug addiction experiments; an end to commercial whaling; an end to the killing of elephants, rhinos and other 'big game'; and an end to the commerce in fur. As far as the billions of animals used for


Some activists might object that the demand for abolitionist 'purity' will 'divide' the animal rights movement and thereby slow its progress. Some have even gone so far as to denigrate the philosophy, which we along with many thousands of grassroots activists espouse, as the 'new fundamentalism'. This is, in our view, an unfair, harmful peijoration of a serious, well-developed philosophy, and represents the type of rhetorical excess activists have learned to expect from imagemakers in the employ of the American Medical Association or the American Farm Bureau, but not from persons committed to working to advance the struggle for animal rights. These issues to one side, we believe that a clearer understanding of the two philosophies — animal rights and animal welfare — coupled with the determination to work for abolitionist means to abolitionist ends, does not divide people otherwise united by their commitment to animal rights;


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food are concerned, the abolitionist means is found in education. Those who advocate animal rights must seize the vegan initiative that contemporary society, for a variety of reasons, presents to them. Americans are, in unprecedented numbers, prepared to stop eating non-human animals and animal byproducts, and the advocates of animal rights should direct their time and effort to getting those ranks to swell through education and rational persuasion. A 'No veal at any meal' campaign, not 'Eat happy veal raised in larger social units', is the realistic abolitionist place to begin.

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The Vegan, Winter 1993

rather, it serves to clarify whether any unity exists in the first place. The acceptance of our position does not mean that animal advocates — whether adherents of animal rights or animal welfare, or others — must be at constant war with one another, or that those who advocate animal rights should strike a 'holier than thou' pose. There is plenty of room for justified humility by everyone, plenty of opportunities for displaying tolerance and patience toward people who are just beginning to think about the issues, and plenty of occasions calling for co-operation among the partisans of conflicting philosophies, from educating the public about how badly other animals are treated, to joining forces on specific actions, such as the Hegins pigeon shoot, opposition to particularly egregious research, students rights in the classroom and anti-fur campaigns. But it is our view that animal rights organizations should pursue animal rights campaigns, and not spend their human and economic resources on projects that seek to promote the welfare but do not vindicate the rights of non-humans. The purpose of our remarks is not intended in any way to disparage the efforts of people who perform acts of kindness toward animals. People can clearly help animals even though they do not share the rights perspective. We are talking here about the future direction of the animal rights movement, and although we value those individual acts of kindness that result in the amelioration of animal suffering, the movement simply cannot afford to formulate its philosophies, policies, strategies and campaigns so that everyone who has any concern for animals will be able to agree on the principles informing and directing the move-

ment. To do so would be to adopt views that are so broad as to be meaningless, and that would frustrate, rather than forward, the achievement of animal rights goals. There will always be organizations espousing a moderate welfarist message, whose primary aim will be attracting those people who have a genuine concern for animals but who, for whatever reason, do not accept the rights position. Those organizations serve a valuable role in providing a niche for such people, who often evolve to accept a rights position. Those groups, however, are not animal rights organizations, and indeed they often quite explicitly disavow the rights position. Over the past several years, some groups that once advocated animal rights appear to have backed away from that position, claiming that they must have a position that will be comfortable for everyone who wants to help animals. But no organization can be all things to all people; indeed, advocating an approach that everyone can live with is substantially certain to result in a position that will appeal to the lowest common denominator, and that will ensure that animal rights will remain an unattainable ideal

animal welfare neither addresses nor advocates why and how justice for humans is to be achieved. The philosophy of animal rights is an inclusive philosophy. Rights for non-humans only make sense if we accept the total inclusion of our human sisters and brothers as full and equal members of the extended human

Those who advocate animal rights must seize the vegan initiative

The Larger Social Context

family, without regard to race, sex, economic status, religious persuasion, disability or sexual preference. Thus the philosophy of animal rights entails far reaching social change. Animal liberation is human liberation. The philosophy of animal rights illuminates why this is. But it is no less true that human liberation is animal liberation. To believe in and work for our oppressed and exploited brothers and sisters in fur and feather and fin commits animal rights activists to believing in and working for our oppressed brothers and sisters in human flesh. Perhaps our movement has not yet arrived at this degree of inclusion, but in our view, such inclusion is the goal to which our movement must aspire.

The philosophy of animal rights views the systematic exploitation of animals as a symptom of a society that tolerates the systematic exploitation of 'the other', including those human 'others' who lack the economic and other means to resist oppression. Thus, the philosophy of animal rights necessarily calls for human, not only animal, liberation; by contrast, the philosophy of

Tom Regan, Professor of Philosophy at North Carolina State University and author of The Case for Animal Rights, is President of the Culture and Animals Foundation, 3509 Eden Croft Drive, Raleigh, NC 27612, USA. Gary Francione is Professor of Law at Rutgers University School of Law, and Director of the Rutgers Animal Rights Law Clinic, 15 Washington St, Newark, NJ 07102, USA

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Taxed for weapons? W o u l d y o u rather your tax was spent constructively? S t r i v i n g f o r t h e right t o c o n s c i e n t i o u s l y o b j e c t t o p a y i n g t a x e s f o r w a r and t o c o n t r i b u t e i n s t e a d t o n o n military peace building. W e a l r e a d y h a v e t h e s u p p o r t of 8 9 MPs a n d 1 8 MEPs. Please join us! C o n s c i e n c e - t h e Peace T a x Campaign

6 Endsleigh St L o n d o n W C 1 H ODX 071 388 7986

Too often, when you spend your money, it goes to companies that you probably don't want to support - companies that test on animals, pollute the environment or make nuclear weapons. The Ethical Consumer will enable you to choose where your money goes. On a product by product basis, from Banks to Breakfast Cereals, easy-to-read tables tell you how the companies behind the brand names rate on the following 13 issues: Animal Testing * Factory Farming * Other Animal Rights * Oppressive Regimes * Trade Union Relations * Pollution * Irresponsible Marketing * Armaments * Nuclear Power * Land Rights " Political Donations Wages & Conditions * Boycott Call The Ethical Consumer is available as a bi-monthly magazine and as a Shopping Guide featuring 30 food, drink & household products. Please send off for a FREE catalogue to ECRA Publishing Ltd (VG), FREEPOST (MR9429). Manchester M1 8DR






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Both boots now made in top quality • Tough, comfortable • Hard-wearing sole • Extremely breathable » Synthetic leather/nylon uppers • £49.50—Green/Brown

• • • • •


New improved style Breathable and highly water-resistant Top quality vibram sole Abrasion resistant £54.70—Black

TOUGH, COMFORTABLE & LIGHTWEIGHT • Ideal for hiking, sabbing. or just leisure wear ' Available in sires 34 to 47 (2 to 12) - send your shoe size and an outline of your feet • Price includes postage & packing (no hidden extras) »If not completely satisfied, return unused for a refund (less p&p), or exchange for different size

ETHICAL WARES, Dept. VM, 84 Clyde Way, Rise Park, Romford, Essex RM1 4UT. Tel 0708 739293 We are a vegan, ethically-based



The Overseas Aid Charity for Vegetarians & Vegans is


(Registered Charity Nr. 232208, Inland Revenue Ref XN8555)

FEEDS THE HUNGRY WITHOUT EXPLOITING ANIMALS The Fragile Environment of Developing Countries cannot support TWO populations — Humans and their Food Animals. For nearly 30 years VEGFAM has provided short and long-term Relief to People who have been the victims of Drought, Flood, Cyclone or War in 30 Countries. Our Supporters control how much of their Donation goes on Administration since VEGFAM operates three separate Funds for the use of Donors/Testators the particulars of which are: • DONATIONS for PROJECTS go to The Midland Bank pic Deposit a/c Nr. 73006921 Bedford Square, • Donations for Administration TAVISTOCK, Expenses' = a/c Nr. 71117696 Devon. PL 19 0AH • Donations for Office Building SORT CODE: 40^4-05 Fund* go to a/c Nr. 91125257 Please telephone Lydford (= 082 282) 203 (or Hilchin (= 0462) 456294for more details — Covenant Forms/Bankers Order Forms etc. & (SC Visitors' Accom) or write 1SAE appreciated) to: VEGFAM, "The Sanctuary", Nr. Lydford, OKEHAMPTON, Devon, EX20 4AL Thank you for your Support

The Vegan, Winter 1993

for bain

• Members should try to avoid maintaining an overdraft with the bank. It has been calculated that if members donated to the Society the equivalent of the bank charges they incurred, an additional £30,000 per year could be generated. • Wherever possible, members should first consider cultivating a local allotment with veganic vegetables and sunflowers. The tending of their own garden should come second. This would help spread the word and encourage discussion about the veganic method of agriculture.

IN 1994 Courtesy of Martyn Allen (who should know better and to whom all complaints should be directed!)

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• All members should consider growing sunflowers in their front gardens. This will help promote the work of the Society and will help bring the international symbol of veganism to a wider public. Packets of seed, guaranteed to grow into the shape of the logo, are available from the office. Additionally, plastic life-size sunflower plants are also available for use all year round or by those who live in flats etc. • Vegan Society members who have cannibalistic friends should encourage them to start eating vegetarians as a first step towards leading a vegan way of life. (What is the next step?) 11 The Vegan, Winter 1993

• Early risers might like to consider carrying out some peaceful direct action. Following the milkie on his/her morning round, members could slip labels over the necks of delivered bottles declaring: 'It is an offence to receive/handle stolen goods'. • All members should carry an outer cover of The Vegan. When using public transport or sitting in a waiting room, the cover can be wrapped around whatever the member is reading, giving the impression that s/he is reading The Vegan. Another excellent, cost effective and easy way to promote the Society.

• Elderly vegans might like to consider leaving their bodies to the Society which would then be able to use the supply of cruelty-free meat to feed the rescued cats at the office. (Find an objection if you can.) • A good vegan will not run the risk of encouraging others to buy products where the potential for making mistakes exists. For example, Dr Marten non-leather boots, Sosmix rolls and leather-look briefcases all run the risk of encouraging others to buy the animal-derived versions. Where possible, do not use them. If you must, then a large day-glo orange label, displaying a message such as 'This is NOT leather' should be attached to the item. Labels suitable for tying to the laces of shoes and boots are available from the office.


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SUN, SAND, SEA A N D . . . SOYA MILK Co-ordinator of the Sixth International Vegan Festival, Barbara Gamsa-Jackson, gives a punter's-eye impression of the Seventh Begarno Congreso?" enquired the waiter, as we entered the Park Hotel dining room for breakfast, blearyeyed after our overnight journey to Tossa de Mar. We hesitated at first, uncertain if there was another conference being held there that week or whether we were hearing the Spanish pronunciation of 'veg-

The salads alone were so colourful and beautifully presented that many participants took photos of them ano' for the first time. Yes, our indefatigable friend Francisco Martin had managed to introduce the word into the language by organizing the 7th International Vegan Festival and founding the Spanish Vegan Association at the same time. (It must be all that raw food.) Inside the dining room (definitely the best place to be indoors that week), we were soon able to greet some familiar faces from different countries and sit down with other members of our international vegan family. As for the catering, there was an amazing variety and quantity of delicious raw and cooked food served up every meal time. The salads alone were so colourful and beautifully presented that many participants took photos of them. Vegan and vegetarian cooks from Britain and Italy took over the kitchen 12

for the week, with assistance from the resident Spanish staff. We also had exclusive use of the dining room after that first breakfast. Accommodation was divided between 2 adjacent hotels, some apartments and a campsite. Most people had the meals provided in the main hotel, but with such a large attendance (around 150 from 15 countries) we were still meeting new people at the end of the week. We'd even mistaken some for ordinary holiday makers staying at the hotel. For lectures and workshops, we had a short walk to a local cinema and a cultural centre, and two evening concerts were held in a beautiful church. In free time during the afternoons and evenings, there was shared use of the hotels' lounges, bar and outdoor pool.

Busy, Busy, Busy Certainly there was no danger of boredom. A three-hour guided walk through mountain trails was arranged, and a boat trip to nearby sea caves. The all day coach excursion took in Girona â&#x20AC;&#x201D; with its impressive cathedral and old quarter, the lake of Banyoles and the Salvador Dali Museum in Figueres. Yoga sessions on the beach and a cookery demonstration were also fitted in. If you wanted a break from the arranged (and impromptu) group events, you had only to stroll a short distance to find yourself in the older, pic-

turesque parts of Tossa. A town plan helped us to get to know the place, although one lost vegan was found clutching a map of St Albans â&#x20AC;&#x201D; upside down! As for the remainder of the week, well it wasn't all lazing in the sun, eating too much fabulous food and singing 60s songs to guitar accompaniment all night on the beach. There was plenty of the latter though, for those who can manage without sleep for a week! (An uncensored account of the Fringe Festival can be read in the Vegans International Newsletter.) The serious side to the event comprised lectures and workshops galore during the day. Including the workshops, there were around 23 speakers scheduled. The fact that some of them failed to appear was no problem, as it gave more time for interesting question and answer sessions. Names of speakers that Vegan readers may recognize included Alex Bourke. Julia Hope Jacquel, Maxwell Lee, Alan Long, Vicki Moore (with her video evidence of the horrific cruelty at bull fights and village fiestas) and the Society's own Louise Wallis delivering 'Veganism and Empowerment'. A new video of Dr Michael Klaper was also shown, and reports were given from the various countries represented. Simultaneous translation was available in Spanish and English. Space doesn't allow for an account of the lectures and workshops here, but this can be found in Vegan Views, issue 92.

Ethical Tossa Perhaps you're wondering how vegans could be persuaded to visit Spain, a country boycotted by many people due to its public displays of animal cruelty? Tossa, on the Costa Brava, was chosen specifically because the town council has banned bull fighting there. Unfortunately, some travel agencies still advertised excursions to bull fights elsewhere. This caused considerable upset amongst IVF participants, and a street protest was reported in local papers. At our tree planting ceremony on the last evening the Mayor expressed regret for the advertising The week closed with a farewell dinner complete with live band. Then, for some of us, it was time to pack and disappear into the night, whilst those who could stayed on for the animal rights march in Barcelona the next day. Thanks are due to Francisco for all his hard work. His unfailing good humour in all situations and at all hours is an inspiration. The next Festival will be in the USA in 1995, details to be announced. The Vegan, Winter 1993

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happened to my free sample? Too much Christmas spirit? Over-indulged the pud? Try one of these two medicinal teas from Weleda. Clairo Tea is for those constipation blues which can strike during the Christmas period, and Carminative Tea will help with flatulence.


A n n i e Brosnan brings us u p - t o - d a t e with n e w v e g a n goodies Yes, it's that time of year again. It can be very trying for vegans, desperate to show that they can eat just as well as their omnivorous counterparts, not wanting to upset anyone by refusing the Xmas pud (which may or may not have a non-vegan cider vinegar in), flailing at the 'Season of Goodwill' concept while watching people tucking into turkey — and possibly now ostriches as well. I hope that some of these items make your lives a little less fraught this year:

Spreading the Word For those buffet lunches or teas when Great Aunt Maud or weedy Cousin Janie are round, what could impress more than a selection of great vegan pates? New to the marketplace are the Redwood Company's Proven^ale; Pesto with Fresh Basil; and Forestier with Wild Mushrooms, Cepes and Shiitake (No, I'm not entirely sure what it is, but it's definitely vegan!). There is also a new pate from GranoVita — Tofu with Peppercorn. Of course, before the pat6 you need the margarine. Or, in this case, the new Unhydrogenated Spread from GranoVita. For the buffet salads, wipe the 14

predictable "boring lettuce and celery remarks" from people's lips with GranoVita's new selection of mayonnaise-type alternatives. With four flavours to choose from — Plain, Lemon, Garlic and Chilli — taste buds won't be complaining about boring salads!

Bread Head For those who follow gluten-free diets, Foodwatch has brought out a range of gluten-free breads which have a longer shelf life. Parito Bread (potato flour and brown rice-based) and Bucato Bread (with buckwheat) are just the thing, available from health/wholefood shops and delicatessens.

Xmas Spirit Or rather, beer. Apparently, Trappist monks (in Belgium) have been brewing Chimay beers for over one hundred years. And now you can have them too! In three different brews — Premier (red label, deep and fruity flavoured). White Label (dry and refreshing) and Blue Label (the strongest at 9% by volume), it is available from off-licences and major department stores. I can't wait to try some — wonder what

For traditional Christmas puddings, choose from: Holland & Barrett's and Wholebake's own labels, Cole's Vegetarian, Waitrose Wholemeal Plum, Everfresh Standard Plum, and the Village Bakery's Plum (sugar-free). Mincemeats include: Robertson's Vegetarian, Cole's Vegetarian, Gateway's Somerfield range — Luxury, Traditional, Meridian No Added Sugar, and Waitrose's Traditional. When you're tired of the Xmas pudding, there's always that old favourite Vanilla Vive, a non-dairy dessert now residing in Asda. Or how about a slice of GranoVita's new Rich Dark Fruit Cake, possibly swimming in Provamel's Soya Dream cream alternative? The cake does not suffer from the dryness of some egg-less cakes; it is lovely and moist and comes in a useful reusable plastic-lidded tin. Another cake worth investigating is the Village Bakery's Celebration Fruit Cake (sugarfree).

Stocking Treats Or just treats. That wonderful establishment the Handmade Flapjack Company has brought out an Xmas Gift Box containing four of its most popular flapjacks: Mincemeat, Fruit, Chocolate, and Date & Walnut — and you could get a box absolutely free! Just put your name and address on a postcard and send it to: Flapjack Gift Box/The Vegan Offer, 51 Sundale Ave, Selsdon, Surrey CR2 8RR. The first 100 names out of the postbag will receive a Gift Box. Alternatively, especially for children, there are Berrydales' Xmas Stocking Treats: Novelty Dinosaur and Teddy Bear Plain (Belgian) Chocolates — and very tasty they are too! From selected supermarkets and health/whole-

food stores. And finally on the chocolate front, Elizabeth Shaw chocolates — Mint Crisp, Orange Crisp, Coffee Crisp, After Dinner Mints and Mint Classics. Looks like being one of those sticky Christmasses!

Body Matters While it is of course a time when most of us are focused on food and drink, the rest of our bodies (apart from the alimentary canal bits) can feel left out! So, either for you, or as prezzie ideas, here are some offerings . . . The Organic Product Company has brought out two new shampoos — Botanical Hair Wash & Finish (sort of a shampoo and conditioner in one), and Botanical Deep Action Wash (very effective). To keep hands in good condition, there is one new, and one repackaged hand cream from Montagne Jeunesse. Vitamin E Hand and Nail hand Cream is new, and Evening Primrose Oil Hand Cream is re-packaged, so that both come in (recycled) squeezy tubes. Two new ranges from Pure Plant are also vegan — Peaches & Cream and Aloe Vera (for normal to combination complexions). Honesty has changed the look of its products and at the same time introduced three new ranges. The Essential range is for the face and body, the Fruit range comprises products for the hair and bath/shower, and the Unscented range is designed specifically for sensitive skin. Available either through selected health/wholefood shops, or by mail order from: Honesty, 33 Markham Rd, Chesterfield, S40 IT A. 0246 211269. The Co-op is replacing its Environment Care range of toiletries with the new Naturels range of bath, hair and skin products. Finally, Vegetarian Shoes tells me that delivery of a new range of Biker Jackets is imminent. For an up-to-date Animal-Free Shopper (second edition) errata slip, please send an SAE marked 'AFS Errata' to the Vegan Society office. The Vegan, Winter 1993


Adopting a Humpback Whale from the Whale Adoption Project means you or a loved one will get to know an individual humpback whale. And you will be joining a hands-on rescue programme that directly protects your whale. The Whale Adoption Project s humpback whales migrate between Canada and the Caribbean. Scientists have identified and named them all. Year after year, we follow their lives learning more about them and saving them from harm. The crew of our rescue and research vessel, RV Navaho, makes regular patrols every week and is on emergency alert 24 hours a day, 365 days a year - as is our 4 0 0 - s t r o n g volunteer whale rescue team.

S e a l , a male, was born to Mars in 1 9 8 4 . Our r e s c u e t e a m s and researchers have f o l l o w e d him through New England waters and on the vast breeding grounds off the Dominican Republic. Seal got his name from a seal-shaped mark on his tail.

B a t , one of the 5 0 whales up adoption, is a very large female who gave birth to her first calf, Jagger, in 1990. We saw her early in the 1992 field season off Cape Cod.


Purchasing a full colour Whale Adoption kit, also includes the cost of adopting a whale. Everything you need f o r adoption is in the kit, which contains:-



• An 18' x 24" colour poster • A colour brochure about the Whale Adoption Project and the natural history of the humpback whale • An "I V My Humpback Whale!" sticker • A 9" x 12" Whale Adoption Certificate • A listing of 50 whales up for adoption from which you choose your own adopted whale. The Kit also c o n t a i n s one Whale A d o p t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e R e g i s t r a t i o n c a r d . Send in your r e g i s t r a t i o n c a r d filled out with your name, a d d r e s s , and the name of the whale you've chosen to adopt and you will then receive:

• An official, personalised Adoption Certificate • A 5" x 7" black and white photo of your whale • A biography of your whale • A colour 11" x 17" whale calendar and migration map • A y e a r ' s s u b s c r i p t i o n to W h a l e w a t c h , our

Please supply Humpback Whale Adoption Krtts) at £15 each, this fee also includes the cost of adopting a whale. (Overseas orders please add £3 per Kit for shipping)-1 enclose a cheque/PO for £

quarterly newsletter that gives you the latest news about your whale and other marine mammal issues (a children's version is available, too - a super gift.) • An honorary First Mate card good for discounts on wildlife tours and whale watching trips

Recipient's Name


Recipient's Address

Tick the appropriate box: • I would like a Humpback Whale Adoption Kit for myself. (Fill in first column only) • I would like a Kit for myself and to send one or more as gifts. (Fill in both columns) • This order is for a gift only (Fill in both columns) • I don't want to adopt a whale now, but please send me an information pack.

For extra gifts, attach a separate sheet of paper with all the names and addresses in BLOCK CAPITALS.


No. I


I enclose a cheque/PO (BLOCK CAPITALS)






L Please debit my Visa/Mastercard

Card Expiry Date

Send coupon with cheque or postal order (or International Money Order from overseasl, for £15 for each kit ordered. This fee also includes the cost of adopting a whale. Cheques & POs crossed and made payable to: Whale Adoption I N T E R N A T I O N A L W I L D L I F E C O A L I T I O N , Whale Adoption Project, Dept 93VKI P.O. Box 73, Hartfield, East Sussex T N 7 4 E Y . Telephone: 0342-825482.



Edited by Vegan Society Chair of Council, Louise Wallis he temperature/mucus observation method of birth control is the only method that has no side effects, is 99% effective, safe, totally vegan, and otherwise ethically sound. Regarding reliability, once you can pin point your day of ovulation and have avoided intercourse for 3 - 5 days before this day (this allows for a sperm life of up to 5 days) there is minimal risk of you getting pregnant. No-one ovulates more than once a

T 16

month — two eggs possibly, but never twice. To use this method of contraception successfully you do need to be aware of, and in tune with your body. The main benefit of this method is knowing that not only are we in control of our bodies but no animals — through vivisection and pill testing — have ever suffered so that we can enjoy natural sex. The 'side effects' (!) are that you need to: be motivated, take your temperature daily, keep charts and records, be aware of your body and bodily changes. And yes, you do have to abstain from intercourse on

'danger' days. Your temperature must be taken at about the same time each morning either orally, rectally or vaginally. One also needs to have had a least 4 hours sleep or the temperature reading may be misleading. By observing one's temperature over the months and years you learn that a significant rise indicates ovulation. However, if one gets a cold or any infection, one's temperature goes up — so such a rise on the chart does not necessarily mean one is ovulating. You have to learn to interpret the signs. For some this expected rise may be sudden, or it may be gradual over a period of days. For myself there is always a lower temperature before a sudden rise. But combined with mucus observations (wet, lubricative mucus is always indicative of the fertile phase) one can pin point ovulation. Sex can then be resumed safely on the morning of the third day after ovulation. Of course it goes without saying that one needs a sympathetic and understanding partner. If people are really honest with themselves, they are not happy with the side effects of the IUD ('coil'); the messy, restrictive nature of the 'cap'; and the health risks of pill taking. And do you really like condoms? I liken it to giving a massage to someone with a pair of rubber gloves on. Conversely, if you do want to get pregnant, you maximize your chances of conception by using this method and making love in the days before ovulation. This method does not, of

course, offer protection from HIV/STDs — but then neither does the Pill, 'coil' or 'cap'. Those who get pregnant are those who foolishly take a chance in their fertile phase. It's a cheap method; the 'fertility' thermometer is free from a clinics or easy to buy at a chemist. The chart can be photocopied for each month. This method doesn't harm oneself or the environment. We should all be tuning into nature instead of trying to change it to suit ourselves. It will not suit everyone but it deserves a mention. There must be thousands of people out there using it successfully. Caroline Sherwood I too like many women did not want to take the Pill so chose the diaphragm, but after an excellent article in The Vegan some years ago, turned to natural family planning. I recommend it. Jessica Wilkins Natural family planning is safe, effective — if used properly, and involves no animal abuse. I wonder if there is some prejudice against it, even among vegans? The Family Planning Association (FPA) recognize it, and it's not limited to Catholics. In my experience it works, whereas condoms can break. Lesley Dove

Condoms Casein (a milk protein) is present in the latex used for the London Rubber Company's Durex condoms — as well as the latex used for its Marigold range of rubber gloves.

The Vegan, Winter 1993

A GUINNESS BOOK FOR VEGANS? Alison Brooks takes a timely vegan dip into a traditional festive stocking filler he Guinness Book of Records is a fascinating book. Of course, there are the usual records for wholly pointless activities, which leave one amazed at both the endurance of the human body, and the ridiculous uses that its mind finds to put it to. Still, alongside the skipping records and cucumber-slicing records (14,628 in an hour, and 264 slices in 13.4 seconds, respectively) the book contains highly-browsable facts to raise a feeling of awe about the natural world and even about the human species. The greatest number of children born to a single woman is 69 (it also says something about the 18th century Russia in which she lived that she is recorded solely as the wife of the peasant Feodor Vassilyev). Polygamous men can manage rather more


17 The Vegan, Winter 1993

children than this, of course, with Moulay Ismail, a 17th-18th century Emperor of Morocco, a probable winner with over a thousand. Still, this palls beside the fecundity of a single female cabbage aphid whose descendants over a year could theoretically mass 822 million tonnes â&#x20AC;&#x201D; three times the weight of humans on earth! This puts the population explosion into a whole new perspective.

Speed As far as speed goes, 100m sprinters at 43km/h (27mph), and marathon runners at 20km/h (12mph), are no contest for a cheetah's sprint of lOOkm/h (60mph), a pronghorn antelope's sustained 56km/h

(35mph), or even the British speed recordholder â&#x20AC;&#x201D; a red deer measured in a police radar trap going at 67km/h (42mph). Swimmers perform even more poorly, at 9km/h (5mph) compared with an orca's (killer whale) 55km/h (34mph). Even downhill skiers at 229km/h (142mph), musclepowered land vehicle at 105km/h (65mph), or cyclists at 71km/h (44mph), are not quite up to a stooping peregrine falcon's 270km/h (168mph), or an eider duck's level flight at 104km/h (65mph). In speed, though, the real record holders are even humbler creatures. The protozoan Monas stigmatica manages 40 times its own length in a second (compared with the human maximum 7 times), while the fastest bacterium is even nippier: Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus achieves 50 times its own length

in a second. A human running at the same relative speed (320km/h or 200mph) would be accorded greater fame and adulation than a mere footnote!

Longevity In other respects, humans don't perform too badly. Lamar Gant, who deadlifted five times his own body weight may compare poorly with the rhinoceros beetle which can support 850 times its weight, but does well compared with the elephant which can manage a mere quarter of its own weight. Humans also score well as the longest-lived mammals at 120 years; our nearest rivals being elephants which have attained 80 years, though once again, the true records lie with humbler life forms: a creosote plant in California is 11,700 years old, and a Marion's tortoise from the Seychelles was 152 years old when accidentally killed in 1918. Another area where humans are outstanding is in their lethality, though even there it is doubtful whether they have quite the laurels of Plasmodium malarial parasites, which are implicated in half of all human deaths throughout history (excluding war and accident). Still, what with World War II with about 55 million dead, and the record-

breaking Battle of Stalingrad with about 2.1 million dead (mostly civilians), humans try their humble best to outdo the Plasmodium. A surprising area in which humans don't manage to come first is in cities. Although Mexico City is the most populous human city with 20.2 million inhabitants, a settlement of black-tailed prairie dogs discovered in 1901 contained about 400 million individuals, and covered 61,400km 2 (24,000 square miles).

Super Veg The record vegetables have a certain interest for those on a vegetarian or vegan diet, although of course, vegetables are not really edible at such sizes. Still, a 12.7kg (281b) radish, 4.9kg (111b) onion, 7.8m (25' 6") sunflower, 9.1kg (201b) cucumber, or 5.14m (16' 10") carrot are pretty impressive. Britain's strong tradition of competitive vegetable growing means that many of the world records are held in Britain, though it is not specified whether the champion vegetables were grown organically, let alone according to vegan principles. Unfortunately, a number of records are bound to arouse distaste in a vegan reader. One of the sports sections is titled 'Hunting'

(there are no record-breaking hunt sabs mentioned yet â&#x20AC;&#x201D; perhaps one day), while we are coolly informed that the world's largest piggery is/was Sljeme pig unit in [what was] Yugoslavia which euphemistically "pro-

They have removed live goldfishswallowing cesses" 300,000 animals a year. Still, my nomination for the nastiest record relates to the lop-eared rabbit. This overbred unfortunate is weighted down with ears 72 x 18cm (28 1 / 2 " x 7'/ 4 "). Perhaps complaints to Guinness would persuade them not to give approval to such obscenities in the name of entertainment. After all, over the years they have removed live goldfish-swallowing, presumably because the public protested at a cruel and repulsive record. Finally, a few happier records. "The biggest aspidistra in the world" (to quote an old song) is 142cm (56") tall; it lives in Australia. The world's oldest pot plant is at Kew Gardens in London. It is a cycad, Encephalartos altensteinii, which was brought from South Africa in 1775. The most expensive foods in the world are plants: locally-grown truffles in Saudi Arabia have raised ÂŁ400/100g (3'/ 2 oz), while Spanish saffron has sold for ÂŁ244/100g (3'/ 2 oz) in London.

The BIG re-opening for the Little Green Shop! We're back! The safer alternative in the home, our household cleaners and toiletries are crueltyfree and contain no harmful chemicals. Be green and clean - call and see us at 16 Gardner Street. Brighton - or send for our sparkling new catalogue. The Little G r e e n Shop - we won't harm the environment or your conscience.

^LTTTLE Please send me a copy of | Name I

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16 Gardner Street, Brighton, BN11UP Telephone 0273 571221 ^(iH Fax 0273 603287 * * ^ t l A J V ^ The Vegan, Winter 1993


ANIMAL RIGHTS by David Cowles-Hamar


86 It wouldn't be done if it wasn't necessary There are about 18,000 licensed medicines in Britain all of which, by law, have to have been tested on animals. And yet according to the World Health Organization (WHO) only about 200 of these are actually necessary, the rest are only variations of the same drugs produced entirely for profit by large pharmaceutical companies.

CONCERNING ANIMALS 87 Vivisection benefits animals too Worldwide, vivisection costs the lives of 100 million animals every year, many of them are literally tortured to death. It is difficult to see how this is of benefit to them.

88 The animals are anaesthetized In the UK 60-70% of all procedures on laboraa tory animals are performed without anaesthetic.

§ 89 The suffering is kept to | a minimum to

|j Typical animal experiments include: the Draize 5 Eye Test — in which substances are put into 19 The Vegan, Winter 1993

the eyes of restrained rabbits (rabbits' eyes do not produce enough tears to wash the substances away); and the LD(Lethal Dose)50 Test — in which a group of animals is fed a substance until 50% of them have been poisoned to death. Laboratory animals are given our most agonizing, crippling and fatal diseases; they are deliberately caused psychological stress in behavioural experiments; they are burned, scalded, electrocuted, injured and mutilated. In the UK 60-70% of all procedures on laboratory animals are performed without anaesthetic.

OTHER POINTS 90 Humans are more important than animals The instinct for self-preservation is one of the strongest; your life is more important to you than any other because it is all you have but, of course, the same can equally be said of other animals. Some people argue that our intelligence makes us more important than other animals but that would imply that a human's value was also proportional to his/her intelligence; you would be less important than someone with a higher IQ and some mentally handicapped people would be less important than many animals, making them a more appropriate (and less misleading — see 82 and 84) choice for vivisection. If you take an objective view of our place

amongst life on Earth, it soon becomes clear that we are the most destructive and damaging of all creatures and in that respect certainly the least valuable. Our intellectual capacity gives us the ability to always win when our interests and those of another species clash but that does not give us a moral victory. The only quality we have that sets us 'above' other animals is compassion, and compassion forbids that we cause the suffering and death of others for our own ends.

91 What if a choice must be made between a human and an animal? Research is always going on into the possibility of successful organ transplants from animals to humans. Pigs are being bred specifically for that purpose but the tragedy of people in need of such treatment is not the fault of the animals. The animals have their own lives to lead and cling to their lives as dearly as humans cling to theirs. One individual may give their life to save another but the choice must always be theirs and not ours (see also 90 and 173).

92 A human life has more potential than an animal's life The potential of an individual is an enormous subject; it refers to any aspect of their existence that is possible! The human mind undoubtedly gives us potential far in excess of any other


A N I M A L RIGHTS species but this is not a measure of our value because potential is always dualistic in nature. Positive potential is always balanced by an equal and opposite negative one; we can be happy but we can also be sad, we can reproduce but we can kill, we can create but also destroy. Our true value lies in what we are, not in what we may come to be. The tragedy is that our position amongst life on Earth has been largely defined by our potential to destroy.

93 Most substances have been tested on animals at some time True, but we cannot change the past, those who have already suffered and died are lost. The important thing is that we change the future by choosing only the products of companies that have renounced vivisection and thereby force the others to follow.

94 Animal rights are anti science Animal rights are pro good science. We must abandon the cruel (see 89) and misleading (see 82 and 84) practice of vivisection and pour our ingenuity and resources into the many alternative systems. These include high technology analytical techniques that allow scientists to study the effects of minute quantities of a substance in humans, tests on human tissues maintained in test tubes, complex computer programmes that can predict the effects of new drugs and epidemiological studies of the causes and spread of disease.

95 Animal rights are anti human Humans are animals, therefore animal rights are human rights.

ANIMALS AS AMUSEMENTS THE HUNTERS 96 Humans have a hunting instinct Possibly, but as human beings we are able to recognize and inhibit our instinctive desires. That is why most men are not rapists. Feeling an urge to do something does not necessarily justify your doing it. Whatever 20

hunting instincts we have are better satisfied in the pursuit of sports and games than in causing the unnecessary suffering and death of other animals.


See 65.

Hunting is traditional

See 33.

98 Rural communities support hunting Actually many rural communities do not support hunting but it wouldn't make any difference if they did. if it's wrong it's wrong no matter who supports it. It is worth remembering that rural communities also supported slavery.

99 Urban people do not understand country life It is true that many urban people have a fairly naive view of country life and it is frustrating for country people to be told by them how to live. But, conversely, for many country people, the killing of animals is such an ingrained part of their lives it is hard for them to understand that they could or should be living their lives without it.

100 Hunters are conservationists It is, of course, in the interest of hunters (including anglers) to protect the environment that provides their 'sport' but wild animals should not have to pay for conservation with their lives. Conservation is a responsibility shared by all people and not a job for a minority to be paid for in animal lives.

101 Many people's whole way of life depends on hunting See 68.

THE HUNTED 102 Most hunted animals are pests and vermin See 49.

103 How else would you control their numbers? See 49.

104 Animals suffer in the wild anyway


Foxes enjoy the hunt

It seems unlikely that foxes "enjoy" being hunted but it is possible that they do not experience any great fear until the closing stages of a 'successful' hunt. The fox can become exhausted but the length of the run is more usually limited by the inclination of the hunters. The point is that we have no right to be hunting foxes at all (see also 49. 106, 107, 108 and 109).

106 Foxes kill beyond necessity Foxes have been known to get into chicken coops and kill far more than they could possibly eat but this is our fault not theirs. The fox is largely a predator, if it gets within grabbing distance of a bird it's going to try to kill it. That is how it survives. In the wild all but one and usually all of the chickens would have escaped but because we have chosen to hold them captive they are all at the mercy of the fox who behaves, in this unnatural situation, only according to its instincts â&#x20AC;&#x201D; like a child given free rein in a sweet shop (see also 49).

107 The foxes have a chance to escape It is, I hope, fairly obvious that you cannot justify cruel and unnecessary killing by giving your victim "a chance to escape".

108 Foxes hunt, why shouldn't they be hunted? Foxes are predators, they have to kill other animals in order to survive. Human beings choose to kill foxes for 'sport'. It is not the same thing at all; foxes have no choice, we do.

109 People only do it for the thrill of the chase But you don't have to kill to enjoy the thrill of the chase. Fox hunters can (and many do) have just as much fun chasing a trail of artificially laid scent (drag hunting) or point-topointing. The Vegan, Winter 1993


A N I M A L RIGHTS zoos 110 Zoos propagate endangered species There are nearly 6,000 species of mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, fish and invertebrate in danger of extinction. Another 578 are listed as vulnerable. It has been estimated that, every day, between 50 and 100 species of plant or animal become extinct through loss of habitat, poaching or pollution. A tiny handful of species have been saved by captive breeding programmes in a few of the 'better' zoos but in view of the enormity of the problem this can only be a token gesture. The only real solution is the complete protection of wild habitats and a massive international effort to stem pollution and end the poaching of endangered species.

111 Zoo animals are well cared for Wild animals are designed specifically to look after themselves, their whole life and entire evolution has adapted them perfectly for this purpose and they are remarkably good at it. Any care given to imprisoned animals by humans can only be inferior to this. The best way to care for a wild animal is to set it free in its native environment (see also 112).

112 Zoo life is easier than life in the wild In the wild an animal endures a great deal of stress, from the threat of predation, the constant search for food and often a hostile environment, but millions of years of evolution have so entirely adapted them to cope with that stress that they cannot function properly without it. A wild animal in captivity, like a human being in prison, is presented with an entirely different kind of stress (boredom mostly), with which it is simply not designed to cope. That is why so many zoo animals become mentally ill, displaying stereotypical behaviour like rocking and swaying, compulsive grooming, pacing up and down, head twisting and banging, vomiting, self mutilation, infanticide, aggression and apathy. An animal's place, easy or not, is in the wild.

113 The animals don't know anything better Those that were born in the wild obviously do know something better but even if they did not it would not alter the fact that they are caused suffering in captivity (see 112) and deserve better. 21 The Vegan, Winter 1993

114 Most people would never see wild animals if it wasn't for zoos Most people will never see Australian aborigines or Mongolian nomads but that is not a good reason to put them in zoos. To imprison individuals just so that you can look at them is obviously wrong.

115 Zoos encourage interest in, and sympathy for, animals To encourage a good attitude towards animals by imprisoning them is a ridiculous contradiction. It would be fairer to lock up the people who have a bad attitude towards animals.

116 Zoos give pleasure to many people To imprison animals for pleasure is wrong. Animals have a right to their freedom just as we do. Surely we can find ways to enjoy ourselves without abusing the rights of others?


Circuses are a way of

life Animal acts form only one part of a circus. Many circuses now do not use them at all. Abandoning animal exploitation does not mean that we cannot continue to have and enjoy circuses.

122 The animals wouldn't perform if they didn't want to Circus animals, usually wild species, often perform very unnatural acts: elephants balance on tubs, bears ice-skate and dance, lions jump through hoops etc. And they do so in a totally alien environment of noise and bright lights. Not surprisingly, a considerable amount of 'persuasion' is required to achieve these performances and to this end circuses employ various techniques. These include deprivation of food, deprivation of company, intimidation, muzzling, drugs, punishment and reward systems, shackling, whips, electronic goads, sticks and the noise of guns.

123 The animals are trained by kindness

117 Much has been learned about wild animals by studying them in captivity

See 122.

We don't need knowledge of wild animals and the only time they need our knowledge of them is when they are in some way threatened by our actions. A more logical approach would be to study them in their natural environment whilst ensuring that they and their environment are completely protected.

Circus animals suffer similar mental and physical problems to zoo animals (see 112) displaying stereotypical behaviour like pacing up and down, swaying from side to side, infant neglect, apathy and boredom. Physical symptoms include shackle sores, herpes, liver failure, kidney disease and sometimes death.


125 The animals are well cared for

Zoos are educational

See 117.


Circuses are traditional

See 33.

120 Circuses give pleasure to many people We have no right to use animals for our entertainment, they have their own lives to lead irrespective of any use we may have for them. Surely we can find ways to enjoy ourselves without abusing the rights of others? (See also 121).


The animals are healthy

An animal cannot be well cared for in a circus, apart from the cruelty of training and performance (see 122) no attempt is, or even can be made to simulate the animal's natural environment. Much of its time is spent travelling, usually in a 'beast wagon'. These are lorry trailers with bars on one side and blank wooden or metal walls on the other three. The animal's social life is completely destroyed, often solitary predators like tigers are forced to live in large groups. Many of the animals become both physically and mentally ill (see 124).

126 The animals don't know anything better Those that were bom in the wild obviously do know something better but even if they did not it would not alter the fact that they suffer in circuses (see 122 and 125) and deserve better.


A N I M A L RIGHTS 127 The animals wouldn't survive in the wild Most circus animals, having spent their lives in such an alien environment, would have little chance of survival in the wild. They would probably need human care for the rest of their lives but every attempt should be made to give them as natural a life as possible. Perhaps this would be a justification for 'good' zoos?


Fish don't feel pain

See 21.

129 Anglers are conservationists See 100.

130 Most anglers only do it for relaxation Surely people can find a way to relax without causing the suffering (see 132) and death of others?

131 Most of the fish get put back But it is catching them in the first place that causes them suffering (see 132).

fact remains that many of them, particularly in steeplechasing and three day eventing, are injured or even killed. By domesticating the horse we have made it largely dependent on us. We therefore have a responsibility to look after it and that includes not entering it into activities likely to cause it harm. It's rather like not letting children play with matches.

134 Horse racing gives pleasure to many people Surely we can find ways to enjoy ourselves without risking the suffering (see 135) and death of others?

135 Racing doesn't harm the horses Racehorses are prone to a disease called exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH). It is characterized by the presence of blood in the lungs and windpipe of the horse following excessive exercise. An Australian study found 42% of 1,180 horses to be suffering from EIPH. A large percentage of racehorses suffer from lameness. Fractures of the knee are common, so are ligament sprain, joint sprain, shin soreness and capritis. Steeple chasing is designed to make the horses fall which sometimes results in the death of the horse either through a broken neck or an 'incurable' injury for which the horse is killed by a vet.

136 Horse racing is worth a lot of money

132 Some points concerning fishing

See 46.

If a fish is not landed quickly it can become exhausted, fish muscle takes a long time to recover and an exhausted fish may be virtually unable to move for several hours. Once out of the water, the change in air pressure can lead to bleeding from the gills. Handling the fish can damage its delicate outer skin of mucus making it vulnerable to disease causing micro-organisms. Fish kept in crowded keep nets are susceptible to the spread of disease, aggression from other fish and suffocation caused by the slow diffusion of gasses in the water. All this is in addition to the suffering caused by being dragged out of the water in the first place by a (usually) barbed hook which is sometimes (fatally) swallowed.



Horses love to race

Horses do love to race within reason but the 22

CONCERNING PEOPLE 137 We can't have strays running about the streets It is not the fault of the animals that they are homeless, it is we humans that domesticated them. We have made them largely dependent upon us and we therefore have a responsibility to look after them. If we have strays running about in the streets and suffering, as they do, intolerable lives, then the fault is ours and it is up to us to make sure that these animals are gathered in and cared for. We cannot wash our hands of our responsibility by killing them.


Strays can be dangerous

So can people. This, however, does not give you a good reason or excuse to kill them.

139 Strays are a health hazard You catch more diseases from other people than you do from animals. This, however, does not give you a good reason or excuse to kill them.

140 People should be able to do as they please with their own 'property' Animals are free-thinking, sentient individuals and not the 'property' of people. We don't own our pets any more than we own our children, we merely have a responsibility to look after them.

CONCERNING EUTHANASIA 141 How else would you control strays? Firstly, all pets must be registered (like children). Secondly, all pets must be traceable to their 'owners' by a harmless identification system: footprints, noseprints, tattoos, photographs, etc. Thirdly, we must impose stiff penalties on people who abandon their pets. And fourthly, above all, we must remember that it is not the fault of the animals that they are homeless. As with abandoned children, the animals must be cared for, not killed.

142 There is not enough money to keep them alive If we introduced a reasonable licence fee for all pets it would not only greatly reduce the number of unwanted animals (as people would consider pet keeping more carefully), but it would also fund the care of the animals that are homeless â&#x20AC;&#x201D; a job which at present relies entirely on charity.


Strays are better off dead

See 137.

'The Manual of Animal Right's concludes with Part 4 in the Spring 1994 Vegan. The Vegan, Winter 1993


VEGAN GARDENING NOTES DECEMBER-FEBRUARY Barbara Smith shows us that there's still plenty to do during those short winter days

available. • November to March is the time to plant fruit trees and nut trees. Dig out the soil to a depth of 18" and mix with compost, then plant the trees and firm in well. Keep an area 3' in diameter round each tree clear of weeds for the first two or three years. After this, grass can be sown which will make maintenance easier and will slow down the trees' rate of growth and encourage fruit bearing. Alternatively, keep the area round each tree clear and mulch the soil with grass mowings, about 3" deep. This will keep moisture in and will gradually be taken down by worms, leaving the soil greatly improved. Weed growth will be minimal, and any weeds will be soft and easily removed. • Damson trees grow readily in high, exposed places, so will make a good windbreak. • The shrub amelanchier, as well as having lots of white flowers and brilliant autumn foliage, has edible berries. The Fruit Salad Bush (Feijoa sallowiana) also has edible fruits. Prunus dulcis (common almond) will give a good show of blossom followed by a crop of nuts.

January • Now that most of the harvesting and clearing away of plant debris has been done, and before the main seed sowing begins, it is a good time to start another compost heap. As leafy material and grass cuttings are not available, use a layer of cardboard or torn newspapers to sandwich between every 9" of kitchen waste. • Another task before seed sowing starts is to scrub seed trays and pots, if you haven't had time to do it before. • Celery will be ready to lift this month.

December • In the vegetable plot, parsnips and leeks will be ready to lift as required for use. • Turnips can be lifted and stored. Check all root crops and 23 The Vegan, Winter 1993

fruit in store at regular intervals, and remove any which are not sound. • Broad beans sown in November can be protected from harsh weather by earthing-up or by covering with bracken, if

• If you are short of salad ingredients, mustard and cress grown on a warm window sill will quickly provide a tasty addition. Sunflower seeds can also be grown indoors, in shallow containers of soil. 3 / 4 -l" of soil is all that is necessary to grow plants 2-3" tall, which can be snipped

off with scissors. The stems are juicy and the leaves have a nutty flavour. This is a good way to use seeds from sunflowers you have grown yourself, as the seeds do not need to be hulled. • Look in seed catalogues for 9 Star Perennial Broccoli. The seed is sown outside around mid-April, and in 6 months will have produced a large cauliflower in the middle of the plant. When this has been picked, the plant will throw sideshoots out from the leaf joints and produce 9 or 10 smaller cauliflowers in a season. The plant will last 2 or 3 years. Other perennial vegetables to consider are kales (borecoles) and certain types of onion. Any kales will grow again when sideshoots are picked, and the hardest winter will not kill them. The perennial onions are Welsh, Japanese and Tree Onions. Spinach beet, another 'cut and come again' crop, will provide a continuous supply of large succulent leaves if sown in April and again at the beginning of August.

February • This month, early lettuce, spring onion, carrot and cabbage can be sown under cloches. • In the open ground, sow early peas and parsnips. • If not planted in November or if the crop failed, broad beans can be planted now. • Shallots (rich in vitamin C) can be planted from now onwards. • In the fruit garden, remove tips of summer-fruiting raspberries and prune autumn-fruiting varieties to within a few inches of soil level. • Cover strawberry plants with cloches for an early crop. • Rhubarb can be divided in February or March. The old crown is divided into roots, each bearing a single crown or eye, which are planted out 2' apart.

Have a rest now — the next 'Growsense' covers the busiest gardening months, March-May!




Avocados are in season at Christmas, but should be bought several days in advance since shops rarely sell the ripe fruit. They are ready for eating when the flesh ever so slightly gives to gentle finger pressure. Should this not be the case on Christmas Day, then opt for the soup. Unripe avocados are not pleasant.

A L M O N D A N D LEEK SOUP 2 tbs olive oil 1 large onion 4 oz (115g) blanched almonds 2 oz (55g) basmati rice 2 pints vegan stock 2 leeks 1 bayleaf salt and pepper almond flakes Finely chop the onion and leek. Saute the onion in the olive oil over medium heat, stirring constantly, until it begins to caramelize â&#x20AC;&#x201D; that is, turn brown without burning. This will take 15 minutes or so. Add the almonds, rice, stock, leeks and bayleaf. Bring to the boil, cover, and then turn down to simmer for 40 minutes. Remove the bayleaf. Liquidize and then return to the pan. Season to taste. Over high heat in an ungreased frying pan, toss the almond flakes until brown. Remove from heat. Serve the soup garnished with the toasted almonds.


Richard Youngs, author of 'Cook Vegan', serves up some festive fare Food is central to the Christmas festivities, the traditional omnivorous fare of roast turkey followed by suet pudding even appearing in carols and on cards. A typical vegan alternative is nut roast and then a cruelty-free plum pudding. It can be delicious, but given the abundance of seasonally available ingredients and the culinary possibilities they offer, there are other menus worth considering. Here is one such menu with a choice of starter and dessert. All quantities serve four For details of Richard's cookbook, see 'Publications and Merchandise', p. 32. 24

2 ripe avocados 4 tbs olive oil 2 tbs vegan cider vinegar 1 tsp unsweetened coarse vegan mustard pinch of salt and pepper Halve the avocados lengthways, peel and remove the stone. Place each on a separate plate. Add the remaining ingredients to a j a r with a screw top lid, secure lid and shake well. Pour this vinaigrette into the hollows in the fruit left by the stone. Serve.

S E C O / Y B


Due to publication deadlines, I confess to having field-tested this recipe in midAugust. Cabbage, of course, is available all The Vegan, Winter 1993

year round — as are the stuffing ingredients. Nevertheless, helped by severe rain outdoors and some tinsel indoors, one friend remarked how Christmas-like it tasted. Unlike cabbage, parsnips are usually available only in winter and potatoes are at their floury best for roasting at this time of year too.

STUf FED CABBAGE LEAVES BAKED IN A MUSHROOM SAUCE For the stuffed leaves: 8 large Savoy or green cabbage leaves water for blanching 2 tbs olive oil 1 onion 4 cloves garlic 8 oz (225g) mushrooms 11 2 cup bulgar wheat water for soaking 8 sun-dried tomatoes 1 handful of fresh herbs — any one or combination of marjoram, thyme, oregano, parsley, basil 1 cup walnut pieces salt and pepper For the sauce: 2 tbs vegetable oil 1 small onion 3 cloves garlic 4 oz (115g) mushrooms 1 tbs plain flour 2 tbs soy sauce 1 tsp unsweetened vegan wholegrain mustard 2 /3 pint vegan stock dash of dry red vegan wine (optional) Blanch the cabbage leaves in boiling water for 2 minutes. Drain and refresh in cold water to prevent them from over cooking. Finely chop the onions, crush the garlic and slice the mushrooms. To make the stuffing, saute the onions in the olive oil over medium heat until golden. Add the garlic and mushrooms and cook for a further minute. Meanwhile, pour boiling water over the bulgar wheat and allow to stand for 10 minutes or so, until soft. Drain. Also, finely chop the sun-dried tomatoes. Add the prepared bulgar wheat, sun-dried tomatoes, walnut pieces and herbs to the onion, garlic and mushroom. Toss until all the ingredients are glistening with oil. Season to taste. Roll up portions of the stuffing into the blanched cabbage leaves and lay side-byside in an ovenproof dish. 25 The Vegan, Winter 1993

To make the sauce, saute the chopped onion in the oil until caramelized — about 20 minutes. Add the crushed garlic and sliced mushrooms. Cook for a further few minutes. Mix together the remaining ingredients. Add to the onion, garlic and mushroom. Stir until at a boil and thickened. Pour the sauce over the cabbage leaf parcels. Cover the dish with foil and cook in a moderate oven for 45 minutes.

ROAST POTATOES, PARSNIPS AND CARROTS 2 lbs (905g) potatoes 1 lb (455g) parsnips 8 oz (225g) carrots vegetable oil Peel and steam the potatoes until almost soft. Peel the parsnips and carrots. Lightly grease an oven tray and place the prepared vegetables on it. Cook in a moderate oven, turning every 10 minutes until all are nicely golden.



water as required 1" cinnamon stick 2 cloves 2 tbs muscavado sugar Soak the fruit overnight in a bowl of water. Drain and place in a saucepan with the other ingredients, adding enough extra water to cover the fruit. Bring to the boil and then turn to the gentlest of simmers. Cook for 50 minutes, adding any further water necessary to prevent the pan from boiling dry. Serve either hot or cold.

SPICED APPLE A N D DRIED FRUIT CRUMBLE For the crumble: 2 oz (55g) vegan margarine 4 oz (115g) wholemeal flour 2 oz (55g) rolled oats 4 oz (115g) demerara sugar For the filling: l x / 2 lb (680g) Bramley apples 8 oz (225g) mixed ready-to-eat dried fruit (raisins, sultanas, currants etc.) 1 tsp mixed spice


Christmas is a good time for dried fruit since much of the summer/autumn crop is beginning to appear in the shops, dried. Here are two choices for pudding. The advantage of the crumble is that it can be cooked in the same oven as the stuffed cabbage leaves, whilst the fruit compote can be made in advance.

CHRISTMAS FRUIT COMPOTE 8 oz (225g) mixed dried fruit (prunes, figs, apricots, pears etc.) glass of vegan red or white wine

Peel, core and slice the apples. Lightly stew them for 10 minutes. Withdraw from heat, add the dried fruit and stir in the mixed spice. Meanwhile, to prepare the crumble, work together the margarine, flour, oats and sugar with your hands until the mixture is the consistency of coarse breadcrumbs. Pour the fruit into an oven proof dish. Cover with crumble and then bake in a moderate oven for 30 minutes or until nicely brown on top and the fruit is soft to the touch of a skewer. Serve with vanilla soya dessert.



not recipes for children to make, but ones for children to eat. This is understandable for the purges, but I am sure that many adults would enjoy the Bread and Spice Pudding while many children would happily devour recipes elsewhere in the book. An Allergy Cookbook is a worthwhile addition to a vegan library. Judge it by its recipes, not by its cover. • Richard Youngs The First Annual Centre for Applied Ethic* Public Lecture Delivered 21 November 1991

An Allergy Cookbook (Vegetarian Edition) Patricia Carter Ian Henry Publications £6.25 Pbk, 121pp

Painism: Ethics, A n i m a l Rights and Environmentalism

The difference between this and other vegan cookbooks is, obviously, its concern for food intolerance. The rather uninspiring cover states: "Recipes free from eggs, milk, cheese, butter, wheat flour, chocolate, salt, sugar, baking powder and cornflour". Since there are vegans who find themselves sensitive to such foods, this is a useful publication. Naturally, the book is animal derivative-free; eggs are omitted, while soya milk is often listed as an ingredient. "Margarine" may be interpreted as 'vegan margarine'. In addition, much use is made of potato flour as a thickener for sauces. However, some of the recipes do mention, say, salt and flour, though the author explains that since very few are allergic to all the usual foodstuffs, "normal" ingredients should be used as far as possible and adjustments made only when required. So, for instance, salt can be left out and wheat flour replaced by gluten-free flour where necessary. Such an agenda, the dreary cover and lack of illustrations could suggest a dull and austere book. The recipes do not bear this out. I particularly like the many and interesting ideas for combining sweet and savoury foods. Here are a couple: Sweet Potato, Raisin and Nut Pie as a main course, and Curry with Bananas. The book closes with 'Recipes for Children'. These are 26

N R i c h a r d D. R y d e r

Centre for Applied Ethics University of Wales College of Cardiff

Painism: Ethics, Animal Rights and Environmentalism Richard D Ryder Centre for Applied Ethics,

"I'm afraid it undermines those in the Green movement who argue as if hedgerows, ozone layers and the tropical rainforests themselves have rights. In the absence of even minimal evidence of their painience, I would say that these things are important only because their survival affects the consciousness of other individuals, human and non-human." (Not to mention the animals and diverse wildlife in tropical forests, and those who inhabit hedgerows.) And he disqualifies mountains, rivers, rocks and trees. But, in the case of a tree, who can say that a dying tree is not suffering? Certainly it looks as if it might be, if looks can be relied on. But that is not scientific, which Ryder infers throughout is what matters. Shortcomings of science he does not entertain. He introduces 'The Cult of Machismo', and so, rightly, suggests that the Western culture manifests it mightily, but he fails to connect it with the adolescence which the majority of Western adults have not outgrown. With maturity comes understanding. The answer remains to be seen; whether the word 'painism' will act to change perception. • Rodney Aitchtey * Available from Centre for Applied Ethics, University of Wales College of Cardiff, Cardiff Tel. 0222 874822.

uwcc £2.00 (p&p incl.)* Pbk, 15pp The susceptibility to pain does need to be addressed, if it is not being so already. But does it need a new label: 'Painism'? Richard Ryder proposes that it does. To me, it seems to be a distancing word. The words pain and suffering are strong enough words; emotive and to the point. He says, "we need a word to describe individuals who have the capacity to suffer." But is a new word needed to inspire compassion? He describes compassion as being "close to the mystical". Bentham is recalled here unapologetically, "The question is not, can they reason? Nor, can they talk? But, can they suffer?" Suffering is needful of concern. Suffering and pain are not one and the same. When he discusses the implications of 'painism' he says,

Fruits of Paradise A V K o E T A R I A N 1 EAR-BOOK

Fruits of Paradise Rebecca Hall Simon & Schuster £7.99 Pbk, 254pp Subtitled 'A Vegetarian YearBook', this so very nearly also earns the accolade 'vegan'. Sadly, the inclusion of just four quotations which mention eggs, honey, milk or wool, and rather

unfortunate use of an out-of-date Vegan Society policy statement that left the taking of honey to individual conscience, bar the way. On the credit side redemption is at hand with a powerful quotation from Edward Smail that tells us: "Vegetarians, by consuming milk, cheese and possibly butter, besides supporting the cruellest and most unnatural life of cow and calf, are just as big a burden on land usage as carnivores . . . This book is, in fact, an anthology promoting (mostly) veganism, with a quotation for each day of the year plus three bonus passages in an epilogue. Set out in a manner that links the reading day-by-day — for example, 9-19 November offers thoughts on whales and dolphins — it will provide, for many people, a source of inspiration to pursue a compassionate diet. The ALF is often accused by some within our movement of violence, despite its claim to take every precaution not to endanger life. Perhaps the critics should take heed of the Jainist offering on ahimsa (non-violence) for 'March 20' which includes the thought "How can a man live in this world without taking life and thereby committing violence?.. . It demands constant vigilance. Where an action is performed with due care not to hurt anyone, no violence is committed. The emphasis is on the word ' C a r e ' . . . " There are many useful references but — and this is almost unavoidable in an anthology of this nature — a number of quotations have appeared many times before. Nevertheless, Rebecca has done a difficult job very well. It's coming up to Yuletide, so why not buy it for someone whom it may convert? It's not a bad reference book for yourself either! • Robin Webb

Reviewers Rodney Aitchtey is a freelance writer Robin Webb is national Press Officer for the Animal Liberation Front and former Assistant Director of Animal Aid Richard Youngs is The Vegan's regular cookery writer and author of Cook Vegan

The Vegan, Winter 1993 j




PI CUSHIE B (spicy citrus) — Jasmin, sweet pea, pimento and ylang ylang with oakmoss and essential citrus oils. 9ml £7.00

P4 RAGA (delicate apple tinged fragrance) — Frangipani, poppy and sandalwood with chamomile & apple notes. 9ml £7.00

P7 SONATA (light floral with peach overtones) — Peach, honeysuckle, lily of the valley, rose, jasmin and sandalwood. 9mI £7.00

P2 OPUS IN PASTELS (musky & woody) — Freesia delicately shaded with non-animal musks, orange leaf, sandalwood, vetivert and galbanum. 9ml £7.00

P5 RONDO (woody-orange with exotic incense notes) — Gardenia, frankincense and cedarwood with oils of immortelle, bitter orange and tangerine. 9ml £7.00

P8 AMETHYST MIST (deep rich floral) — Blend of rose, jasmin, linden blossom, orange blossom, apple blossom, gardenia, narcissus and other perfumery ingredients. 9ml £9.60

P3 PRELUDE (deep rich oriental)— Bluebell, helitrope, freesia, patchouli, orange leaf and clary sage. 9ml £7.00

P6 SARABANDE (green and oriental) — Honeysuckle, patchouli, geranium, basil and vetivert. 9ml £7.00


Prices include UK postage. Eire and overseas: Increase total payment by 25%. Payment must be made in sterling and drawn on a British bank. All perfumes are made from high quality ingredients including a high proportion of natural essential oils with perfumery synthetics and ethyl alcohol. All Dolma products conform with the Vegan Society's 'no animal ingredients' and no 'animal testing' criteria.

THE VEGAN S O C I E T Y WILL R E C E I V E A C O M M I S S I O N ON YOUR ORDER! Send your order, quoting 'Reference: VS', together with a cheque payable to 'Dolma' to: Dolma, 19 Royce Avenue, Hucknall, Nottingham NG15 6FU. 0602 634237.


TARUS • • • • • •


27 The Vegan, Winter 1993

Quality, breathable, water-resistant synthetic material Black Classic style Ladies sizes 3 - 8 £32.00 + £3.50 p&p 12V2% commission to the Vegan Society

Please send me pair/s of black Chelsea boots. I enclose a cheque/PO payable to 'T'arus' for £ Name

Address Post code


Return to: T'arus, 107 The Drive, Wellingborough, Northants NN8 2DD. Tel. 0933 277964.

Contacts News Another twelve weeks have flown by and it's time to report on the work of the Vegan Society Local Contacts. They have a hard job; the plight of the dairy cow just doesn't seem to attract people's interest as, say, the fate of the whale or fox. I think we all realize why this is so. It's easy to make a stand against the fox hunts â&#x20AC;&#x201D; it requires little of ourselves personally. But to accept that there are equally cruel practices involved in the dairy industry does require something

of ourselves â&#x20AC;&#x201D; a change in our eating patterns. I say this only to point out that being a Vegan Society Contact can be a lonely occupation. Have you been in touch with your nearest Contact? I know they would love to hear from you. To show what can be achieved by just a few, and by way of a morale boost, I'd like to refer to a couple of letters. The first is from Keith Robertson, the Glasgow Contact. The Scottish School of

Herbal Medicine, the Edinburgh Vegan Group and Glasgow Vegans managed to pay for, and staff a stand at the Scottish Living Without Cruelty Exhibition. Loads of books were sold. They ran out of the Animal-Free Shopper and had to hand out order forms. A 'Guess the weight of the cake' competition was run, the cake having been donated by a local vegan cafe where the Glasgow group meets. Keith reports that the stands all looked very professional and goes on to thank

the organizers, asking "When's the next one?" Finally, those lucky people in the Nottingham area have an up-to-date guide of all that's vegetarian and vegan in their area. Over 50 pages of where to shop, what to eat, who to contact and 'why' . . . compiled by Tracy Lean and friends at Veggies. These are just a couple of examples of the sterling efforts of the Contacts. Similar work goes on all over the UK. Can you find some time to lend a hand? Martyn Allen Local Contacts Co-ordinator

VEGAN SOCIETY LOCAL CONTACTS Note: Local Contacts are Vegan Society members who have offered to act, on a voluntary basis, as a point of contact for those interested in the Society's work. They are not official representatives of the Society. Their levels of activity and knowledge may vary according to their individual circumstances.


The Vegan, Winter 1993






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VEGAN VIDEO Fl n the Winter 1992 Vegan the Society launched the Vegan Video Fund with the object of raising £5,000 to finance the production of a high-quality video highlighting the benefits of a vegan diet for the environment, Third World, human health and animal welfare. As at the end of October 1993 the Fund totalled £4,583 — j u s t £417 short of its target. Filming — including footage of the presenter, poet Benjamin Zephaniah — is now complete and the task of confirming the dietary status of vegan celebrities and editing is well in hand. Copies of the finished video (still to be titled) will be available in Spring 1994 (the Society's 50th Anniversary Year). Council wishes to record its appreciation for those who have made contributions and asks all readers, supporters of the Society and vegans everywhere who recognize the need for a promotional video to help with one final push to ensure the appeal reaches its target.


Vegan Society video presenter Benjamin Zephaniah and costar, Daisy.

URGENT APPEAL The Video Production Team has

made an urgent appeal tor an

additional £2,000 to enable


rt Carl Lewis, William Shatner, and other vegan celebrities. Time is short donations are needed now! Vegan Video Fund Donors (Contributions

received 4.8.93-2.11.93


R Adams • N & J Beveridge • J Caro-Line • S Cowper • I Davison • M Drion • A Fletcher • F Flowers • D Garwood • T Goldie • D Green • S Harm Breunis • N Haworth • R Howes • S Hyslop • R Jones • G Kirby • R Lane • N Murray • C Nouws • D Pomfret • Portsmouth Area Vegans • K Powell • C Rice • R Salton • J Sanders • P Shott • J Singh • B Smith • M Smith • T Smith • A Sollas • M Star • M Stoneman • Voice of Lincolnshire • J Voysey • E Wales • S Woodings • J Zevenbergen

VEGAN VIDEO FUND DONATION COUPON Please accept my donation of £ (cheque/PO payable to 'The Vegan Society') Name Address Post code Return to: The Vegan Society, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.


The Vegan, Winter 1993


information on the issues raised above. Members would probably continue to renew their memberships for many years, realizing that there is always more to learn and achieve. The new ethic would discourage people from pointing fingers and saying "S/He is not a proper vegan" etc. No other organization is better placed to make such a logical, all embracing move. I fear that unless we take such a step the Society will remain linked with the dairy industry and will some day die with it. • Martyn Allen, Suffolk

Political Realities

Contributions to Postbag are welcomed, but accepted on the understanding that they may be edited in the interests of brevity or clarity. Send your letters to: The Editor, THE


7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA

Moving On? At a recent informal meeting of Council, I made some proposals for changes within the Society. We had no intention of reaching concrete conclusions, simply exchanging ideas. I'd now like to share the ideas with members and readers. It seems odd to me that one can be a rapist or mugger and still be a fully paid up Society member. We must be nice and kind to cows but not necessarily to people. I've often heard people explain that veganism is the ultimate ethic; clearly it is not. I am also worried that the Society somewhat resembles an old boys' club. The only people who can be members are those who feel they have 'made it' and adopted a cruelty-free diet, and the majority of Vegan readers are already 'vegan'. Surely we should strive to find ways of getting The Vegan to those needing its information, not those who

31 The Vegan, Winter 1993

have 'made it'? My final concern is that most people I've met through the Society have progressed beyond simply maintaining a vegan diet. Members are increasingly becoming interested in the problems of consumerism, companies' ethical stances, fair trade, trying to buy home-grown veganic produce, fruitarianism, the energy wasted cooking food, and so on. But the Vegan Society does not provide a 'home' for such people and ideas. Therefore, I propose that we consider extending the definition of veganism to mean trying to live without being responsible for any exploitation, or causing needless suffering or distress, to any living thing, people included. Secondly, I propose that we consider having one category of membership and allowing anyone to join the Society, regardless of dietary status. We would then have their subscription and they would have a magazine with

It seems that the differences between Jon and I are more apparent than real ('Shaky Foundation', Autumn 1993 'Postbag'). I quite agree that the philosophical basis of animal welfare is flawed, that it is difficult to define what is meant by unnecessary suffering, and that humane education is vital (indeed, I have long admired Mr Wynne-Tyson's work in this area). Furthermore, I did not say that the successes of the animal protection movement had been "non existent", only that there is still obviously a long way to go, something again we can both agree on. All I tried to emphasize was the constant need for political realism. I really don't know whether animal agriculture and experimentation will eventually be eradicated (how can anyone?). What I do know is that the vast majority of people would not, if asked, accept the view that, as a matter of principle, there are no human benefits that warrant the exploitation of animals. I wish this was not so and I hope, through the continual work of Jon and others, that more and more people come to recognize that we are not entitled to utilize animals as a resource for our ends. All of this, though, is a vision and we have to ask ourselves what the animal protection movement does in the meantime. And, here it has no alternative but to seek to work within society's norms, without, of course, losing sight of the ultimate goal. Failure to do so will simply lead to exclusion from the political arena. Ask any animal protection lobbyist (as I have done in both

Britain and the US) and s/he will tell you that their own animal rights-based moral values really have to be put to one side when dealing with legislators and civil servants. I quite agree with Mr WynneTyson, for instance, that the 1986 Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act does not go far enough — although I would dispute his assertion that it has produced no benefits for animals. But this rather misses the key point which is that had the whole of the animal protection movement agreed on a negotiating position (less than they ultimately wanted but more than they eventually got) then more might have been achieved. Instead, the movement was divided and therefore less effective. So the animal protection movement must (as it is gradually doing) learn the art of politics and this, in a less than perfect world, is the art of the possible. The immediate needs of the animals depend on it. • Robert Garner, Buckinghamshire

Tables Turned I was disappointed to see another ALF(SG) advertisement in the second Animal-Free Shopper. The ALF symbolises and encourages violence, physical and psychological. The image is unmistakably based on paramilitary/terrorist/security service culture — balaclavas and SAS style emblem. For those who believe the destruction of property to be acceptable, I would suggest some reflection to their reactions on having their tyres slashed or windows smashed by representatives of the omnivorous position. I mean no personal condemnation towards those involved in the ALF. I am sure that energy sadly wasted in destructive activities could be realigned to give a welcome boost to the cause for respect, equality and compassion, from which real human and animal liberation can emerge. • Niall Stuart, Edinburgh

Deadline for the Spring 1994 'Postbag": 25 January 1994

Publications & Merchandise The Caring Cook: Cruelty-Free Cooking for Beginners



Janet Hunt Vegan Society (UK) An easy-to-follow first vegan cookbook, written expressly for those new to cruelty-free living. Offers a comprehensive selection of everyday and special occasion recipes, plus a mass of hints and tips. Durable wipe-clean cover.

The Animal-Free Shopper Richard Farhall, Kathy McCormack & Amanda Rofe Vegan Society (UK) Second edition of the popular shopping guide for those wishing to buy goods which are free of animal ingredients and involve no animal testing. Includes product listing sections — Food, Drink, Toiletries & Cosmetics, Remedies & Supplements, Baby & Infant Care, Footwear & Clothing, Home & Office, Animal Care, and Garden & Leisure; useful addresses; and information on animal substances and additives. £4.95


Cook Vegan Richard Youngs Ashgrove Press A tempting mix of simple and imaginative recipes, divided conveniently into 'First', 'Second', and 'Third' course sections, with useful appendix of ingredients. Written by The Vegan's main cookery contributor. £5.99 (170g)


Animals, Politics & Morality Robert Garner MUP An assessment of moral issues, philosophical claims, the growth of the modern animal protection movement, and the strategies employed by campaigners. £12.99

An Allergy Cookbook (vegetarian edition)



Caroline Clough & Barry Kew Fourth Estate A guide to animal welfare and rights; the issues, arguments, legislation, organizations and resources. £8.99



365 plus one


365 Plus One Vegan Recipes

The Animal Welfare Handbook

Patricia Carter Ian Henry Publications Practical and economical recipes free of animal products, chocolate, salt, sugar, baking powder, wheat flour and cornflour. £6.25 (170g)



Leah Leneman Thorsons An imaginative and varied collection of ideas for starters, soups, main courses, side dishes, sweets and salads. £6.99 (270g)


Fruits of Paradise: A Vegetarian Yearbook







Animals, politics a n d morality Robert (ijrner



Rkhard Yxinj?


Rebecca Hall Simon & Schuster A collection of inspiring and challenging observations and declarations from some of the world's most compassionate thinkers. £7.99 (450g)



A *



Vegan Nutrition: A Survey of Research

Gill Langley MA PhD Vegan Society (UK) The most comprehensive survey 1 J J ever undertaken of scientific research on vegan diets. Ideal for

• All titles are paperback, unless otherwise indicated • A number of titles listed here lack a vegan perspective but have nevertheless been included on the basis of their informativeness • For full details of the Society's range of publications and merchandise, please send an SAE marked 'P&M'. 32

The Vegan, Winter 1993

nutritionists, researchers, dieticians, GPs, community health workers, vegans and would be vegans. Includes highlighted major points, easy-to-follow tables, chapter summaries and detailed index. £5.95 (240g)

REMAINING TITLES Animal Rights/ Liberation Animal Liberation. Peter Singer, Thorsons £8.99 (550g) Animal Liberation: A Graphic Guide. Lori Gruen, Peter Singer & David Hine, Camden Press £4.95 (265g) Animals' Rights. Henry Salt, Centaur (hdbk) £12.00 (430g) Chicken & Egg — Who Pays the Price?, Clare Druce, Green Print £3.99 (135g) Fettered Kingdoms. John Bryant, Fox Press £4.90 (200g) The Cruel Deception: The Use of Animals in Medical Research, Robert Sharpe, Thorsons £7.99 (340g) The Dreaded Comparison: Human and Animal Slavery, Maijorie Spiegel, Heretic £3.95 (130g) The Savour of Salt, George Hendrick & Willene Hendrick,

Centaur Press £12.95 (400g> The Rose-Tinted Menagerie, William Johnson, Heretic £8.95

The Vegan Health Plan, Amanda Sweet, Arlington £6.95 (370g) The Vegan Cookbook. Alan Wakeman & Gordon Baskerville, Faber & Faber £6.99 (375g) Vegan Cooking. Eva Batt, Thorsons £5.99 (270g)


The Sexual Politics of Meat. Carol Adams, Polity Press £10.95 (355g) The Struggle For Animal Rights. Prof Tom Regan, International Society for Animal Rights (US) £4.50 (240g)

Reference Guides

Home & Garden Forest Gardening, Robert A de J Hart, Green Books £7.95 (340g) Veganic Gardening. Kenneth Dalziel O'Brien, Thorsons £6.99 (270g)

Nutrition & Health Pregnancy, Children & the Vegan Diet, Michael Klaper MD, Gentle World (US) £6.25 (355g) Vegan Nutrition: Pure & Simple. Michael Klaper MD, Gende World (US) £6.25 (250g)

Cookbooks Gourmet Vegan, Heather Lamont, Gollancz £5.99 (I45g) Simply Vegan, Debra Wasserman & Reed Mangels, VRG (US) £6.95 (315g) The Single Vegan, Leah Leneman, Thorsons £4.99 (220g)

The Extended Circle, Jon WynneTyson, Centaur £7.50 (580g) The Pocketbook of Animal Facts & Figures, Barry Kew, Green Print £6.99 (225g)

Background Reading Abundant Living in the Coming Age of the Tree, Kathleen Jannaway, Movement For Compassionate Living £1.50 (55g) Compassion: The Ultimate Ethic (An Exploration of Veganism), Victoria Moran, American Vegan Society £4.95 (190g) Food For a Future, Jon WynneTyson, Centaur £4.99 (150g) Food: Need, Greed & Myopia, Geoffrey Yates, Earthright £3.95 <185g) The New Why You Don't Need Meat, Peter Cox, Bloomsbury £10.99 (310g) The Non-Violent Revolution — A Comprehensive Guide to Ahimsa. Nathaniel Altman, Element £7.95 (270g)

Why Vegan?, Kath Clements, GMP £3.95 (I20g)

The Vegan Magazine (Quarterly.) Four issues. Please state first issue. Price includes p&p. £7.00 Cunent issue £1.75 (llOg) Back issue/s. Please state. £1.25 each (U0g)


(Prices include p&p)

• General A5 100 — £1.75; 500 — £5.95; 1,000 — £10.50; 2,000 — £19.25 • Are Your Meals Costing the Earth? 100 — £2.50 • Good Health 100 — £2.50 • Milk Marketing Fraud 100 —£2.50

MERCHANDISE Multi-Purpose Cards — Four original vegan-oriented cartoons by Pete Donohue. Blank inside. Recycled card and envelopes. Black and red on white. 45p (50g) REDUCED Poster — 'Blood Curdling' anti-milk poster by Paul Evans. Recycled paper. Red, pink, green and black. 15p (15g) REDUCED Festive Postcard — Pack of 8 A6 colour cards featuring a large 'Vegan Society' sunflower in a snowy, festive scene. £1.95 (30g) NEW

ORDER FORM Description

Postage & Packing UptolOOg — 45p 101g-200g — 65p 201g-300g — 80p 301g-400g — 95p


401g-500g 501g-600g 601g-700g 701g-800g 801g-900g

— — — — —

£1.15 £1.35 £1.55 £1.75 £1.90

901g-1000g 1001g-2000g 2001g-4000g 4001g-6000g 6001g+

— — — — —


£2.10 £3.45 £4.45 £5.00 FREE

Sub total


Plus p&p






Eire and overseas: Customers must increase TOTAL payment by 40% to cover additional surface rate postal charges. Payment must be made by sterling International Money Order or by sterling cheque drawn on a British bank. Cheques/POs should be made payable to 'The Vegan Society'. Address


Post code


Return to: The Vegan Society, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA. (0424) 427393.

33 The Vegan, Winter 1993




In Touch An animal rights coalition in Cambridge has founded a regional magazine, CARVE, designed to highlight local areas of concern and link up isolated campaigners. Details: CARVE, c/o Box 748, King's College, Cambridge CB2 1ST.

Its Time . . .

Diary Dates Winter/Spring NAVS travelling 'Circus Madness' Bus. Details of stops:

11 Dec Christmas Without Cruelty Fayre, Kensington Town Hall, London W8. 10am-5.30pm. Entrance ÂŁ1. Details: Animal Aid 0732 364546. 18 Dec South Beds Living Without Cruelty Exhibition, Methodist Church, Dunstable, 9am-5pm. Details: Voice For Animals 0582 504955. 25 Dec Hazleton Laboratories Xmas Day Vigil, Harrogate. Details: Harrogate AV Group, PO Box 135, Harrogate HG1 SAX. 0423 523826.

Brighton, Hastings, Bournemouth, Torquay or the Isle of Thanet, write to:

Guiding Lights A New Reginning? Vegan-run Tail Ends urgently needs homes for elderly dogs. Contact: Tail Ends, PO Box 1550, London SW4 6HP.

24 Apr World Day for Laboratory Animals.


Co-ordinated by two vegans, the twenty-year old Fellowship of Life, promotes green spirituality, compassion and reverence for all life. Free newsletter in return for SAE from: The Fellowship of Life, 43 Braichmelyn, Bethesda, Bangor, Gwynedd, N Wales LL57 3RD.

Slovak Request A Slovakian animal rights group is appealing for funds to translate and print the Vegan Society's folding leaflets. For details of making a donation write to:

THE COUNUL f)m STf)ff Of

The following co-ordinators of new vegetarian/vegan organizations would welcome donations of books, office supplies, videos, etc.:

A Question of Ethics Dave Hogan would like to hear from anyone who feels they have been misled by those selling ethical financial services. Write to:

The Vegan Guide to Eating & Drinking in Sheffield lists cafes, restaurants and shops where vegans can get fodder. For a copy send an SAE to: Sheffield Vegan Society, 130 Pomona Street, Sheffield. Also of value to vegans is the 1993/94 Oxford Vegetarian Guide. Send a cheque/PO for 75p, payable to 'Oxford Vegetarians', to: 57 Sharland CI, Grove, Wantage, Oxon OX12 OAF. Tel. 0865 61614.

Appealing Sanctuaries

Host Required Hanna, 16, from Sweden, vegan since birth, will be travelling to southern England next summer with Student Travel School (STS) and needs a host family for 3 weeks who can provide vegan meals. If you are interested and live in Eastbourne,

The Oxford Vegetarian Guide


Getting Started

27 Dec Boxing Day Hunts. Details: HSA 0602 590357. 23 Apr World Day for Laboratory Animals March & Rally, London. Details: NAVS, 081 846 9777.

. . . for AN1MALT1MES â&#x20AC;&#x201D; published by Washington-based People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) in December. ANIMALTIMES aims to promote co-operation between European pro-animal individuals and organizations. For subscription details write to: ANIMALTIMES, PO Box 7, Romford, Essex RM6 5DE.

High Elms Rd, Downe, Orpington, Kent BR5 [wide variety of animals]; Court Lodge Farm, Burwash, E Sussex TNI 9 7BD [rescues mainly farm animals].

Trailing Public Opinion The Marine Connection has collated a list of companies still using ambergris from the sperm whale. Send an SAE to: The Marine Connection, PO Box 2404, London W2 3WG.

Details of requests for funds/support from animal sanctuaries have been received from: Animal Welfare Liaison Network, 21 Barclay Ave, Burnley, Lanes BB11 5LX [equine/livestock rescue and rehabilitation]; Mill Farm Animal Rescue Sanctuary,


Local Groups (See also 'Contacts News')

Information Vegan Magazines. In addition to The Vegan — the official organ of the Vegan Society — the following independent publications may be of interest:

Vegan) Bilingual quarterly. Annual subscription: £1.50.

Vegan Views 6 Hayes Avenue, Bournemouth BH7 7AD. An informal quarterly with articles, interviews, news, reviews, letters. cartoon strip. Subscription rate for four issues: £2.40 (Europe and surface mail overseas: £2.80>.

The Vegan Business Connection has reformed and would be pleased to hear from anyone interested in supporting the venture. Contact:

New Leaves 47 Highlands Road, Leatherhead, Surrey KT22 8NQ. Quarterly journal of the Movement for Compassionate Living — The Vegan Way (see below). Annual subscription: £3.00. Cheques/POs payable to: 'Movement for Compassionate Living'.

The Vegan Bikers Association aims to promote veganism amongst motorcyclists and set up a fund for the purchase and distribution of alternatives to leather. Newsletter: 'The Long Road'. Enquiries:

Y Figan Cymreig (The Wales

35 The Vegan, Winter 1993

The Vegan Community Project exists to form a contact

network between people who are interested in living in a vegan community and to establish one or more such communities. While some of its members seek merely to live close to other vegans, others wish to establish a vegan land project or centre for the promotion of a vegan lifestyle. Newsletter subscription (4 issues): £2.00.

The Vegan Families Contact List provides a link between parents throughout the UK seeking to raise their children in accordance with vegan principles. To receive a copy of the list and have your name added to a future edition, please write to the Vegan Society — marking your envelope 'Vegan Families Contact List', enclosing an SAE, and giving your name, address and names and dates of birth of children.

The Movement for Compassionate Living — the Vegan Way seeks to spread compassionate understanding and to simplify lifestyles by promoting awareness of the connections between the way we live and the way others suffer, and between development, consumption and the destruction of the planet. Co-ordinators:

Vegans International co-ordinates the promotion of veganism, encourages the formation of new organizations, and organizes an annual vegan festival. Contact:

Vegan Contacts Abroad. For a listing, send an SAE to the Vegan Society marked 'Vegan Contacts Abroad'.

Classified ACCOMMODATION D O N A T I O N S R E Q U I R E D to help purc h a s e sheltered a c c o m m o d a t i o n for elderly v e g a n s in need. Contributions to: 'Homes For Elderly Vegetarians Ltd', Estra House, Station Approach, Streatham, London SW16 6EJ. Specify 'Vegan F u n d - .


with areas planted for wildlife. £75,000 ono. For further details please write Box no. 287. W H O L E F O O D vegetarian/vegan guesthouse in North Pennines. Established four years. Spectacular setting. Potential for expansion. For details 0434 381013.

MADEIRA ISLAND Enjoy a relaxing holiday amidst beautiful coastal and moorland scenery - ideal for walking. Spacious Edwardian house overlooking Porlock Bay. Excellent traditional, vegetarian and vegan food. Log fires on chilly evenings. All bedrooms ensuite with tea/coffee making facilities. Special weekend breaks.

Tel 0643 862289


If you truly care about life perhaps a relaxing break in a pollution-free, quiet countryside setting may appeal. View of sea and mountains. Comfortable accommodation, sleeps 4, in this small vegan centre. North Madeira. Best period: May to November. Frost and ice free. Log fires on extra cool evenings. No product from live or dead animal or fish served. Some veganic produce (limited supply at present). No domestic pets kept. With serious enquiries please enclose photograph which will be returned.

HEALTH D E F I C I E N C I E S , systemic organic weaknesses found f r o m dowsing hair samples by post. Sensonics, 18a Church Street, Oswestry, Shropshire SYU 3SP. Tel. 0691 670104.


G O F R U I T A R I A N ! Fast food for festive fare full of fitness! Large S A E to: The FRESH Network, Harmony Cottage, Cutteridge Farm, Whitestone, Exeter, Devon EX4 2HE.

HOLIDAY ACCOMMODATION C O R N W A L L . Mevagissy 4 miles. Nonsmoking, vegetarian/vegan B&B. Walks, beaches, peace and quiet. TV, kettle all rooms. 0 7 2 6 843918.

ANIMAL CARE M E A T - F R E E C A T S ! Vegan supplem e n t s f o r h o m e - m a d e recipes. In use since 1986. S A E : Katz Co Vegan, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA. W I L L Y O U S A V E a life? W e have a sanctuary f o r large f a r m animals, and desperately n e e d m o n e y .

ARTS & CRAFTS PRESSED F L O W E R PICTURES. L o v e l y , delicate compositions. Attractively f r a m e d . 7in x 5in. Perfect as gifts. £ 1 8 . 5 0 incl. p & p .

C O R N W A L L . Spacious self-contained holiday flat over-looking picturesque estuary, sleeps 4, vegan owners. SAE: Blackaller. Meadowlands, The Saltings, Lelant. TR26 3DL. (0736) 752418. D O R S E T . Large, comfortable, en suite, in quiet rural setting 2 1 /, miles north W i m b o r n e . Vegetarian/Vegan B&B, tea/coffee facilities, TV. Non-smoking. Sorry, no pets. £ 1 4 . 0 0 pp pn. 10% reduction for members.

G W E N T , S W A L E S . Superb B & B accommodation (vegans/vegetarians catered for) in real lighthouse. Wedgeshaped rooms, waterbed room, flotation tank, pyramid meditation room & W. R e i c h ' s orgone accumulator. Great for





Walk the Northumbrian Hills, explore historic castles and Roman sites — then relax in a homely atmosphere in front of open fires and enjoy exclusively vegetarian/vegan* 3 course evening meals and wholesome breakfasts. Non-residents catered for by prior arrangement. Write or phone for brochure to:

Northumberland NE46 3JX. (0434)601583 * Vegan meals by prior arrangement. NTB 1 Crown * * * * Special rates for Autumn/Winter breaks

\{ ocdecle


Quiet Country Hotel overlooking beautiful tidal estuary and bird sanctuary.

Britain's oldest vegetarianA'egan hotel is family owned and stands in its own grounds close to beaches and unspoilt walks. Superb cuisine and friendly personal service. Some rooms with shower & w.c. en suite. For furthe hure please c STIVES,

Cornwall TeL 0736 753147.

The Old Post Office Llanigon, Hay on Wye

17th Century character house set in the foothills of the Black Mountains. 2 miles from Hay on Wye. Bed & Breakfast. Vegetarian/Vegan Menu. Bicycles for hire. Telephone: 0497 820008 £12 p.p. En suite £15 or £17.


WILDLIFE HOTEL Licensed. 100% non-meat. Small friendly hotel. (Exclusively vegan/vegetarian. Special diets catered for — all freshly made.) No smoking throughout. Situated two minutes from the sea. Near all the attractions. Parking available. 39 Woodfield R o a d , Blackpool F Y 1 6AX. Tel. 0 2 5 3 46143. couples or small groups. Very peaceful & relaxing. Tel: (0633) 810126. M I D - W A L E S . Near the Elan Valley. Comfortable, self-contained flat in quiet, rural setting. Sleeps two. Vegetarian owners. (0597) 811079.

S T I V E S , Cornwall vegetarian/vegan guesthouse overlooking St Ives Bay, close to Carbis Bay's beautiful golden sands, station and St Ives picturesque harbour. Delicious vegan/vegetarian menus, ensuite rooms, tea making facilities, central heating. Children welcome. Brochure:

S C O T T I S H H I G H L A N D S Near Kyle of Lochalsh, vegan B & B in modem bungalow with spectacular views. Ideal centre for exploring Skye and Lochalsh. B&B £14, optional E.M. £8.




Vegetarian/vegan B&B. delightful country house accommodation. Situated in Beatrix Potter's picturesque village with its olde worlde inn, 2 miles from Hawkeshead, Lake Windermere (car ferry) 2 miles. Delicious breakfast, lovely bedrooms, some en-suite. Also panoramic views of Esthwaite Water. Tel:

T h e E u r o p e a n Shiatsu School h a s b r a n c h e s in London & throughout the UK dc Europe F o r prospectus, please send 3 first class stamps to: ESS Central Administration (Dept VE) H i g h B a n k s , Lockeridge, Nr M a r l b o r o u g h . Wilts S N 8 4 E Q Tel: 0 6 7 2 861362

S E M I - D E T . T W O B E D cottage backing o n t o f i e l d s / w o o d l a n d . Within easy reach of Battle A b b e y and station. Large garden

Guest House

N O R T H P E N N I N E S . Wholefood vegetarian/vegan guesthouse. E M. Licensed. No smoking. Tea/coffee/washbasins all rooms. Spectacular scenery. Brochure Alston (0434) 381013.

L I F E I S F O R L E A R N I N G at L o w e r S h a w F a r m . W i d e ranging weekend course s including circus skills, writing, stretching, building, gardening, crafting, seeking, singing. Full p r o g r a m m e . S A E or ring Lower Shaw Farm, Shaw, Swindon, Wiltshire SN5 9PJ. 0793 771080.

R E B O U N D E X E R C I S E R (bouncer), 4 0 inch diameter, as n e w , £ 5 0 incl. carr. (cost £95). B

P-9230 Santana, Madeira, Portugal


S H R O P S H I R E . Bentley House. 18C house in unspoilt countryside, close Ludlow, Strettons. Ironbridge. Exclusively vegetarian/vegan wholefood. Vegan proprietors. Central heating. No smoking. B&B. EM, packed lunches. Tel. 05887 255. SPECTACULAR L O C H VIEWS. Comfortable, welcoming B&B. 2 luxury s/c apartments. Also s/c caravan.


Chestnut House Crosby Garrett Kirkby Stephen C u m b r i a C A 1 7 4PR

Our cottage guest house is situated in delightful walking/cycling country in the tranquil Eden Valley, between the Dales and the Lake District. Delicious food, exclusively vegetarian/vegan. N o smoking. Two family bedrooms with H & C.

S O M E R S E T . Exclusively vegetarian guest house. All meals vegan. Bordering Devon and Dorset. It is an ideal base for touring, walking or relaxing in our 16th century house. Crewkerne 0460 73112. T A K E A N A T U R A L B R E A K ! Vegan bed & breakfast (non-smokers). Charming accommodation. "Helensholme " Guesthouse. Heatherdune Road, Bexhillon-Sea, East Sussex TN39 4HB. 0424 223545. T O R Q U A Y . Brookesby Hall. An exclusively Vegetarian/Vegan hotel. Glorious sea views. Quiet. Close beach and town centre. Fully centrally heated. 10% discount for members for stays over 3 days. Colour brochure on request. Hesketh Rd. 0803 292194. W E S T C O R K . Self contained accommodation. Cooking facilities and en suite bathrooms. Vegetarian cooking only. Green Lodge, Trawnamadree, Ballylickey, Bantry, C o Cork. Tel: 0 1 0 353 27 66146. Y O R K S H I R E D A L E S . Sansbury Place, Settle. Small, friendly vegetarian/vegan guesthouse. Home cooking, open fires, non-smoking. .

MAIL ORDER C A N D L E S : dipped, rainbow, mushroom, zodiac, nightlights. Many colours, shapes, scents. Potpourri, oils. SAE: Vegan Candles. 8 Bruntingthorpe Way, Binlev. Coventry. C A S H N O T T R A S H . Use laser printer cartridges remanufactured with full guarantee for ecology, economy, efficiency. Access Lasercall, Epsom. 0372 748550.

The Vegan, Winter 1993

D O L M A offer a range of over 60 high quality vegan perfumes, toiletries and skin preparations based on essential oils, aromatic waters and herbal extracts. Send SAE for brochure and Christmas offers to: Dotma, 19 Royce Avenue, Hucknall, Nottingham NG15 6FU. E N J O Y R E F R E S H I N G S L E E P . Full size hop/herbal polyester pillows. Brochure: Freepost (38). The Maltings, Bury St Edmunds IP33 2DS. 24hr phone (0284) 752275. Fax: 725587. Makers since 1966. F O O T W E A R Over twenty styles of shoes, boots and sandals available. New vegan company. Send for brochure. T'arus, 107 The Drive, Wellingborough, Northants NN8 2DD. 0933 277964.

some form of rural community (preferably not a commune) where they can practice a lifestyle which includes co-operation and environmental awareness? Perhaps with naturist holiday/ activity centre providing income (although other ideas very welcome).


SERVICES B O O K - K E E P I N G service. Experienced trainee accountant/book-keeper seeks vegan/vegetarian clients. Contact:

NURSING HOMES B E T H A N Y V E G E T A R I A N Nursing Home caters exclusively for vegetarians and vegans with wholistic therapy. 7/9 Oak Park Villas, Dawlish, Devon EX7 ODE. Telephone 0626 862794.

N A T U R A L H E A L I N G with flower essences by Registered Bach Flower Remedies Practitioner — animals also treated. Personal/telephone consultations.


Z A P A R E L L I ' S shows and circus workshops, include animal rights, tightrope, uni-cycling, magic and lots more. N e w performers and workshop helpers/leaders needed.

H A I R C O N C E R N ? We invite you to try the famous "BERMAR" herbal hair formula. These products have been very beneficial to many customers worldwide. They are not tested on animals and are chemical free. SPECIAL WINTER OFFER. SAE for free brochure and discount voucher to: Bermar Natural Products (VEG), 14 Ennerdale Drive, South Wootton, Kings Lynn, Norfolk PE30 3NZ 0553 673804.

SITUATIONS VACANT 2/3 P E O P L E R E Q U I R E D by cat sanctuary in Sussex. Veterinary or experience of similar work preferred but not essential. Small salary, accommodation and food provided. Voluntary help also always required. Write giving full details of experience and reasons for wishing to be considered. Box no. 286.

L I Q U I D C O N C E N T R A T E is the biodegradable liquid soap derived from coconut oil, which is free of animal products and animal testing. SAE for details: Dept EV, Janco Sales, 11 Seymour Road, Hampton Hill, Middlesex TW12 IDD.

V E G A N H O R T I C U L T U R E on a c o m mercial scale must be possible. Our exciting new experimental project aims to prove it. W e now need another full-time worker. No experience is necessary — we will provide training. If you are interested, please write to: 'Growing Green', Low Walworth Market Garden, Walworth, Darlington, Co Durham DL2 2NA.

N E W A G E music/meditation tapes. £6.50 each (incl. p&p). Ideal gift. Free brochure available. FF Cassettes, 29 Roundwood Road, Hastings TN37 7LD. 0424 753792.



THE ORDER OF THE CROSS SPIRITUAL AIMS AND IDEALS The order is an informal Fellowship, having for its service in life the cultivation of the Spirit of Love towards all Souls: Helping the weak and defending the defenceless and oppressed; Abstaining from hurting the creatures, eschewing bloodshed and flesh eating, and living upon the pure foods so abundantly provided by nature; Walking in the Mystic Way of Life, whose Path leads to the realization of the Christhood; And sending forth the Mystic Teachings unto all who may be able to receive them — those sacred interpretations of the Soul, the Christhood, and the Divine Love and Wisdom, for which the Order of the Cross stands.

IF YOU ARE . . . a vegan/vegetarian Pagan who believes in transmigration, you may well be baffled why so many people are so cruel to animals and why meat-eating is so c o m m o n . If you would like the answers to these questions and more, write to: CONTACT CENTRE is a caring, so lowfees friendship agency, quite different from all others catering exclusively for vegans and vegetarians both in Britain and abroad for any purposes. CONTACT CENTRE enables you to choose friend(s) from detailed adverts and/or to write an advert yourself without disclosing your name and address. CONTACT CENTRE gives full scope to your individual requirements; you don't even have to complete a form. Instead a friendly ear is leant to every member. As we cannot tell all in this advertisment, please write for membership details from:



(MV) BCM Cuddle, London WC1V 6XX

Regular Services, Meetings and Retreats are held in London and elsewhere. For further information please contact: The Headquarters (VN), 10 De Were Gardens, London W8 5AE, telephone 071-937 7012.

Final c o p y date f o r W I N T E R 1993: 25 O c t o b e r 1993

F A S T I N G W A L K S for better health. In groups. Only liquids. Dartmoor. Pennines. Wales. Europe —


F O R C E D T O R E H O M E pets due to landlord's rules? Starting support group. Telephone .

A H I M S A . Quarterly magazine of the American Vegan Society. Veganism. Natural Living, Reverence for Life. Calendar Year subscription £ 12. Address: 501 Old Harding Highway. Malaga. NJ 08328, USA.

W O U L D ANY V E G A N naturists be interested in getting together to establish

V E G A N G U I D E T O P A R I S by Alex Bourke and French Vegan Society. £2.50

Grove, Stockport, Cheshire SK7 4 A P

RATES AND CONDITIONS All prices inclusive of V A T Series discount: (4 consecutive insertions prepaid): 10% Box No: (per insertion) £2.00 extra Lineage Commercial: £6.00 for 20 words (minimum) Additional words: 35p each Non-commercial: £4.50 for 20 words (minimum) Additional words: 25p each Semi-display (boxed) Commercial: £6.60 per single column centimetre Non-commercial: £4.95 per single column centimetre PAYMENT P r e - p a y m e n t please by cheque or postal order made payable to "The Vegan Society'. Eire and overseas: Payment must be by sterling cheque drawn on an British bank or by sterling International Money Order. PUBLICATION DATES

37 The Vegan, Winter 1993

March, June, September, December


Although every care is taken, the Vegan Society cannot accept liability for any loss or inconvenience incurred as a result of errors in the wording, or the late or nonappearance of an advertisement.

25th Jan, 25th April, 25th July. 25th October CONDITIONS OF ACCEPTANCE Advertisements are accepted subject to their satisfying the condition that the products advertised are entirely free from ingredients derived from animals; that neither products nor ingredients have been tested on animals; and that the content of such ads does not promote, or appear to promote, the use of non-vegan commodities. Books, records, tapes etc. mentioned in advertisements should not contain any material contrary to vegan principles. Advertisements may be accepted from catering establishments that are not run on exclusively vegan lines, provided that vegan meals are available and that the wording of such ads reflects this. The submission of an advertisement is deemed to warrant that the advertisement does not contravene any Act of Parliament, nor is it in any other way illegal or defamatory or an infringement of any other party's rights or an infringement of the British Code of Advertising Practice. The Vegan Society reserves the right to refuse or withdraw any advertisement.

ALL LINEAGE ADS MUST BE PRE-PAID BOX NUMBERS When replying to a box number address your envelope as follows: Box No. , The Vegan Society, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea. East Sussex TN37 7AA.

DISPLAY ADVERTISING Display, semi-display and insert advertising is dealt with by Richard Farhall. To book your space ring him on 0424 427393.

When replying to an advertisement please mention that you saw it in . . .


Promoting a diet free from all animal produce and a more compassionate way of living that seeks to avoid exploiting animals for any purpose

WHERE THERE'S A WILL THERE'S A WAY There must be many readers who would like to offer financial support to the Vegan Society in its unique work but have limited means at their disposal. There is, however, an easy way of helping regardless of present circumstances — by including a legacy to the Society in your Will. Great or small, such legacies can make a real and enduring contribution to the promotion of vegan ideals. For those who would like to make a bequest to the Society the following form of words is suggested: / bequeath to the Vegan Society, Registered Charity no. 279228, presently at 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, the sum of £ , and declare that the receipt of the Treasurer or other authorized officer of the said Society shall be good anil sujfit icnt discharge of such legacy. Property left to the Society is another valuable c o n t r i b u t i o n to our cause. If you wish to will land or property to tlu Society, please write for details of how to arrange this.

CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENT ORDER FORM Please insert the following advertisement in the next

issue/s of The Vegan


under the heading

(Please use capital letters) 2


















































Continue on a separate sheet if necessary. This form may be •

Box No. (£2.00 extra). Tick if required

I enclose cheque/PO for £


Lineage charges. See 'Rates and Conditions'. • Copy. (£2.00). I require a copy of The Vegan in which my ad. will appear

payable to T h e Vegan Society Ltd.'


Address Post code

Tel. No.

Date Return to: The Advertising



Manager, The Vegan Society, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA. (Tel. 0424 427393)

The Vegan, Winter 1993





• P e r s o n a l and g r o u p p e n s i o n s (including transfers) • PEP savings plans ( f r o m £ 5 0 p e r

Barchester Green Investment 5 Regent Street Leamington Spa CV32 5HW Tel. 0926 8 3 2 0 1 4

3rd prize: £100 Ms A Dolaio, Glasgow

£10 consolation prizes T Craig-Cameron, Lis Golding, Debbie Stevens, K Holland, T Brown, Mrs M Simmen, Mrs D Snewin, G Markham, S Bates, S T Phillips

Remember, the price of units can fall as well as rise and past performance is not a guarantee for the future

The Vegan Society's

MONTHLY CASH DRAW RESULTS Aug 1993 lst 2nd 3rd

23 95 24

Mrs J Singh Mr H T Bonnie Miss N I Partington


• Capital investment with or without i n c o m e

lst prize: £1.000 Miss G Cumins, Hants 2nd prize: £250 F Taylor, Sussex

Advice from Rob Yellowhammer, a life m e m b e r of t h e Vegan Society, and independent financial adviser. Funds avoiding investment in all animal products and cruelty are available for:

£25.88 £15.52 £10.35

The Vegan Society's

MONTHLY CASH DRAW Cash prizes every month! If you'd like to make a regular contribution to support the Vegan Society's work and stand a chance of winning a cash prize every month, then the Society's Monthly Cash Draw is for you. Each month, three cash prizes — comprising 50% of that month's total entry money — are drawn. A monthly entry is £1.50 but you may make as many entries as you wish. The draw takes place on the last working day of the month. A list of winners is published in The Vegan. To take part just complete the form below and enclose your remittance for 3, 6 or 12 months as required. Don't worry about forgetting to renew — you will be reminded in good time!


Sept 1993 lst 2nd 3rd

292 240 24


A Murphy Mr D S Evans Miss N I Partington

£25.13 £15.07 £10.05

Post code


Please enter me for

entry/ies for


I enclose a cheque/PO payable to 'The Vegan Society'

Oct 1993 lst 2nd 3rd

259 150 172


Mrs L Parker £37.50 Mr & Mrs Milner £22.50 Bristol Vegetarian Society £15.00

39 The Vegan, Winter 1993

3 MONTHS — £4.50 6 MONTHS — £9.00 12 MONTHS — £18.00

Return to: Cash Draw Organizer, The Vegan Society, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA. (0424)


Promoting a diet free from all animal produce and a more compassionate way of living that seeks to avoid exploiting animals for any purpose

Deed of Covenant

MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION Block letters please Name


Post code




Signature Tick as appropriate: • I am interested in veganism and enclose a large SAE for an Information Pack • I adhere to a vegan diet and wish to become a Vegan Society member. I undertake to abide by the Society's Memorandum and Articles of Association (£2 or may be viewed without charge at the Society's office) • Although not a vegan I support the Society's aims and wish to become a supporter member L | Individual £15 • Family/Joint £20 Q Unwaged individual £10 Q Unwaged family/joint £14 • Junior (under 18) £8 • Life £250 • Donation I enclose cheque/PO payable to The Vegan Society' for £ (£ membership + £ donation). Return to: The Vegan Society, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-onSea, East Sussex TN37 7AA

A Deed of Covenant substantially increases your gift or subscription to the Vegan Society at no extra cost to yourself, because the Society is able to claim the income tax that you have paid. Provided you are a taxpayer, the Society can claim an additional 33p (at current tax rates) for every pound you covenant. The Deed need only apply for four years, assuring the Society of a regular income so that it can plan for the future. It is easy to complete and once made you only have to sign a claim form which we send you in the first year. HOW YOUR CONTRIBUTION GROWS H e r e are s o m e e x a m p l e s : Annual Tax Benefits Amounts Rebate over 4 years £ 10.00 50.00 75.00

£ 3.33 16.66 25.00

£ 53.22 266.64 400.00

If you wish to make a single donation, the Society can gain the same tax benefit if you use a Deposit Covenant. For futher information, please contact: The Office Manager, Vegan Society, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.


• Novel concept > Environmentally sounder than a 'traditional' festive card — less card and no envelope required! ® Simple, bright, eye-catching design 1 Promotes the internationally-recognized vegan sunflower • Supports the work of the Vegan Society

(p&p incl.) per pack of 8



Please send me

pack/s of Festive Postcards @ £2.50 per pack.

I enclose a cheque/PO for £

payable to The Vegan Society'.

Address _Post code . . Tel. Return to: The Vegan Society, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA Name

The Vegan Winter 1993  

The magazine of The Vegan Society

The Vegan Winter 1993  

The magazine of The Vegan Society