The magazine of the Vegan S o c i e t y
the plight of crustaceans V I T A M I N B 1 2 '" A not just a vegan issue>
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CONTENTS W E L C O M E For most of us there comes a time (invariably not just the one) when cold shower; and throwing ourselves into aardvark rescue are not enough — we crave an intimate relationship. Friendships, satisfying work, stimulating hobbies, travelling the world (and flying to the moon?) are all well and good but they don't directly meet our basic carnal desires — with or without an added spiritual dimension. I'm sure it goes without saying that most vegans would prefer to be intimate with another vegan (the more adventurous reader should substitute 'another vegan' with 'other vegans') but, of course, such creatures remain scarce. Factors such as preferred gender, age, personality, political leanings and race — as well as possible geographic and mobility limitations, all combine to increase the odds against you 'stumbling across' the vegan of your dreams.
Richard Farhall Editor
IP lha best in eco-washing Idetergcnis
Publication Date March, June, September, December
Design and production by Taylor McKenzie
Copy Date 25 January, 25 April, 25 July, 18 October
Chief Illustrator Suzanne Whitelock
J D HOO Anarchic cuisine
SHOPAROUND Welcome Cathy!
A WORD IN YOUR SHELL-LIKE
DIET MATTERS Ask Sandra
VITAMIN B12: NOT JUST A VEGAN ISSUE
MEGAN THE VEGAN Cartoon f u n
LIVING VEGANISM Everyday veganism
A SUMMER BUFFET Entertaining
REAL VEGANS DRINK... beer, of course!
MY VEGAN BABY At the clinic
GROW VEGAN More on B 1 2
BOOKS BY POST
THE VEGAN PRIZE CROSSWORD 16
POSTBAG You write...
CLASSIFIED Cover design: Taylor McKenzie
Editor Richard Farhall
Advertising Manager Jenny Sawyer
Printed by Geerings of Ashford on G Print chlorine-free paper
The plight of crustaceans
Some vegans, however, appear to be able to co-exist satisfactorily with meat-eating partners. I can see numerous 'challenges' thrown up by such an arrangement — especially if 'young folk' come with the package. How do you deal with your partner's three meat-eating children, all demanding that you buy them a Big Mac? Others argue that it is O K to form a relationship with compatible meat-eaters because they 'can always be converted'. Oh yeah? If they're infatuated with you, perhaps! — and how long would that last? A more pro-active approach is to venture down the increasingly popular (and favoured by me at the moment) telephone dating/introduction agency route and to advertise your availability and requirements. Even then, there is still the problem of a limited vegan pool — that's why I'm making the task easier for myself by pursuing both vegans and veggies! In the meantime, here's to the day when you can snog anyone you fancy — and without risking compromising your Vegan Society full membership status!
ISSN 0307-4811 Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
© The Vegan Society The views expressed in The Vegan do not necessarily reflect those of the Editor or of the Vegan Society Council. Nothing printed should be construed to be Vegan Society policy unless so stated. The Society accepts no liability for any matter in the magazine. The acceptance of advertisements (including inserts) does not imply endorsement. The inclusion of product information should not be construed as constituting official Vegan Society approval for the product, its intended use, or its manufacturer/distributor. Contributions intended for publication are welcomed, but unsolicited materials will not be returned unless accompanied by an SAE.
The V e g a n ,
News Veggies Catering Campaign celebrates its 15th birthday in October and seeks Veggies-related contributions (views, jokes, tales, artwork etc) from old and new Veggies workers, volunteers and customers for a commemorative book. Send material to: Ronny, Veggies, 180
01159 585 666.
This year's Vegan Camp will be held at Chy-an Cultural Centre, The Old Quarry, Jobs Water, Halvasso, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9BY. Details: 0191 262 8844 (before 9pm). For the first time in years the UK's / million vegans will be able to please themselves — and others — with a clear conscience. Condomi's new range of cruelty-free condoms has been awarded the Vegan Society's distinctive sunflower Trade Mark. A MAFF-funded project on laminitis has found that housing — particularly where cattle are in concreted areas such as cubicles — is the cause of 25% of lameness cases in dairy cattle. Laminitis may occur where horn growth isn't sufficient to meet wear.
In April, a petition signed by 35 000 calling on the Government to halt its badger culling experiment, was presented t o 10 Downing Street.
But why don't other condoms hit the vegan G-spot? Vegan Society Information Officer, Catherine Grainger explains: The processing of the latex in many condoms involves casein, a milk protein. The Vegan Society frequently receives requests for information about veganfriendly contraception. It's a popular subject and it's great to know we'll now be able to offer enquirers some practical assistance. Vegan Society General Manager, Richard Farhall adds: Much to theirfrustration, vegans in the VK have long been denied access to a cruelty-free condom. The launch of Condomi's exciting new range of speciality and standard condoms changes all that — no longer will vegans have to suppress their natural instinct to make love not war.
Condomi condoms are suitable for vegans, vegetarians and just about everyone. There are 8 to choose from: Supersafe — for the cautious; Strong — for the ultra passionate; Nature — for 'down to earthers'; Fruit Flavoured — for the discerning palates; Extra Large — for geezers with a bit more to offer; Mix — for the indecisive; Noppy — for the highly adventurous; and Hand-Painted Fun — for arty types with a wicked sense of humour.
SOUNDS LIKE YOU? A University research project into individuals' experiences of becoming vegetarian/vegan is looking for volunteers. O f potential interest to the study are people who are: • in the process of becoming, or who have recently become vegetarian/vegan
• struggling or lapsed vegetarians/vegans • thinking about, or intending to become vegetarian/vegan The aim of this Research Council Condomi condoms are available funded study is to understand the from selected retail outlets, The process of becoming vegetarian/vegan Family Planning Association as it is happening and requires partici(Trading), Superdrug, Asda and by pants to keep a diary, and/or be intermail order (4 types) from the Vegan Society (see advertisement on page 21). viewed periodically, about their behaviour, thoughts and feelings.
Vegan condoms have just been invented. Well, you know what those vegans are like — shag anything with a pulse, they will. Debbie Barham, Punch,
The anonymity of all participants will be strictly maintained. Notebooks can be supplied upon request. Contact: RicharcfCarmichael, Dept of Social Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough LEI 1 3TU 01509 551859 e-mail:
DAIRY FINGERED AGAIN The University of Athens Medical School, in a case-controlled study which included 320 patients with confirmed prostate cancer and 246 controls without prostate cancer, found that nnlk and dairy, as well as added oils to the diet, were positively associated with increasedriskof prostate cancer.
Farmers Weekly, 7.5.99
Olive oil, however, was not seen to increase the nsk of developing prostate cancer. Cooked tomatoes and, to a lesser extent, raw tomatoes, were found to decrease the risk. InternationalJinmial Of Cancer, March 1999
VIRULENT In April, soldiers in southern Malaysia slaughtered more than a million pigs in the hope that it would stem the spread of a deadly outbreak of a fonn of encephalitis known as the 'Nipah' virus. More than 80 people — all with connections to pig fanning — have died of the vaccineless virus which has recently been discovered in cats. In Hong Kong, a new strain of bird influenza has emerged, despite the territory slaughtering its entire stock of 1.5m chickens 16 months ago to eradicate the disease when an outbreak killed six people. In 1968, another virulent flu virus originating from Hong Kong killed 46 500 people worldwide. The Independent, 1.4.99 & 9.4.99 New Scientist, 3.4.99 & 8.5.99
DAY OF THE VEGANS Don't forget to make a dairy note for World Vegan Day — 1 November. This year's theme is pregnancy and raising vegan children. Details to be announced in the Autumn Vegan.
American researchers from the Union of Concerned Scientists have concluded that the industrial production of beef, poultry and pork has a significant impact on global warming, air and water pollution, and the alteration of natural habitats. They consider meat production to be second only to cars and trucks in terms of its contribution to environmental damage.
Wendy Kershaw's entry for the Hard Boiled Egg Cup Exhibition. The Vegan Egg Cup consists of hand-thrown porcelain, lots of sharp nails and text outlining the death of the male chicks. Exhibition tour details: Jennifer Shaw,
ARE YOU WILLING? The whole of life is a legacy. We inherit a multiplicity of ideas and inventions that form the basis of our lifestyle and culture. Through our own contribution we can either accept these as they are or strive to develop and enhance them. Veganism is an ambitious philosophy that recommends to all humankind a way of living sustained solely by plant foods — which avoids the need to kill, enslave or exploit any other animal. Veganism, of course, is itself a precious legacy left to us by the brave pioneers of the vegan movement who defied the then medical experts who predicted they would die unless they ate animal products. Their courage proved the possibility of a more compassionate world. To preserve and promote that wonderful possibility, the Vegan Society was established just over 50 years ago. It actively disseminates information on veganism through its publications and it is especially proud of its quarterly magazine. The Society has been greatly aided over the years by its increasing numbers of supporters mentioning
the Society in their Wills. This has helped it purchase an office and permanently staff it, so providing a professional and knowledgeable resource to all those interested in veganism. You too can help maintain this torch for humanity by including the Society in your Will. This can be done by leaving a percentage of your estate or the residue of your estate after other gifts. It's never too early to think of making a Will, it will ensure your wishes are carried out and save your nearest and dearest from a good deal of bother. If you already have a Will, consider a codicil — which is a kind of PS to a Will.
M a k e sure your veganism lives on
leave a legacy t o The V e g a n Society
Since 1996 there have been 2-3 deaths every quarter from nv Cruetzfeldt-Jakob Disease (the human form of BSE) but in the last 3 months of 1998, nine were recorded.
IFAW's Animal Action Week (3-10 October) asks readers to nominate "people they know who have done something outstanding for animals". Write, explaining why your nominee deserves to win — including their category (Junior - up to 17; Senior = 18+) and their contact details — to: IF AW
Animal Action Awards, 186 High St, Rochester, Kent ME 1 1EY.
UK dairy cow pregnancy has fallen by 1% a year since the early 1970s from 56% t o 39%. The decline is believed to be due to a 24% rise in abnormal hormone patterns in the modern cow.
Farmers Weekly, 2.4.99
If you would like a legacy pack, contact Jenny Sawyer on 01424 427393. Rick Savage Joint Honorary Treasurer The Vegan Society
The V e g a n ,
In April, circus trainer, Mary Chipperfield was fined £7500 plus £\ 2 240 costs for cruelty to Trudy, a baby chimpanzee. Her husband, Roger Crawley was also fined — £1000 for cruelty to an elephant. Flora.
T h e conviction resulted from the release o f film secretly obtained by Animal Defenders. Hidden cameras showed Mary Chipperfield beating Trudy with a riding crop at her training quarters at Middle Wallop. She was found guilty on 12 counts of cruelty to 18-month-old Trudy in January. Her husband was convicted of whipping the sick elephant round a circus ring. As they left the court, more than 60 police officers were required to protect Chipperfield and her husband from 200 protesters shouting abuse and throwing rotten fruit. Trudy is now living at a primate sanctuary. Monkey W o r l d , Dorset. O n 22 October last year — again resulting from the release o f Animal Defenders' video footage — elephant keeper, Michael Gills pleaded guilty to eleven charges of animal cruelty. The film showed him beating elephants with an iron bar, shovel, brooms and chains over a period o f 4 months. Gills was jailed for 4 months and banned from working with animals for 5 years. Animals Defender, Jan-Apr
The Independent, 10.4.99
barriers such as thick skins or husks. It can around 900 in 1998. The bacterium burst cells, thereby making cell contents causes bleeding and diarrhoea and is more easily availablefor digestion and especially dangerous in children. Its absorption. It can modify the three dimen-most serious consequence is sional structure of molecules such as haemolytic uraemic syndrome, a form proteins and starches into forms more accesof kidney failure. sible for digestion. It can reduce the The Independent, 5.3. 99 & 6.3.99 chemical structure oj indigestible molecules into smallerforms, and it can denature toxins. The Cat's in the Bag is, quite probably,
IN THE BAG
BRAIN FOOD T w o pieces o f conflicting research have been published recently — both attempting to explain the rapid growth (over a mere few hundred thousand years) of our brain size. Biological anthropologists at Harvard University are arguing that the our speedy brain development was powered by the high energy fuel locked in plant tubers which suddenly became available when humans learnt how to cook. It was cooking that allowed the transition from the Australopithecines — a human-like ape — to a true human ancestor, in the form of H o m o erectus, nearly 2 million years ago. Cooking provided the energy needed to feed the enormous appetite required to build and maintain a large brain.
Conversely, University of California-Berkeley anthropologists excavating in a remote part of Ethiopia, have found a new species of ape-like animal that lived about 2.5 million years ago and which could be the first human ancestor to eat meat with the help of stone tools. They believe the ability to use tools to cut meat and crush bones could have provided the burst in nutrition necessary for early human ancestors to develop larger brains. They argue that the invention of tools to butcher animals would have lead to unprecedented access to a highfat diet of meat and marrow, necessary for brain development. The Independent, 9.4.99 & 23.4.99
WHAT'S YOUR POISON?
In March, a milk pasteurising unit at Scales Farm, Brigham, Cumbria was traced as the source of an E. coli 0157 (the most serious form) outbreak which infected 27 people. Health officials believed there was a fault in the unit, resulting in families drinking 'raw' milk. Although many of the victims required hospital Cooking makes food more available and treatment, none has died. digestible in at least five ways ... It can In Britain, the number of 0157 crack open or otherwise destroy physical cases increased from 361 in 1991 to
the first educational board game centred around animals and animal welfare. The winner is the person who reaches the agreed target score first by correctly answering multichoice questions.
The Vegan Society is currently one of the few distributors of this unique game which costs £13.99. T o order, complete the form on page 29 or ring 01424 427393 with your credit/debit card details.
Jy EXPIAinI /
Trivial pursuits with a purpose Michael Mansfield Q C Great Edutainment Benjamin Zephaniah
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Once again, it's your chance to nominate your favourite vegan product or service and get some welcome publicity for that business and the Vegan Society at the same time! ( T h e Vegan Society press releases the names o f the winners and issues them with an Award Certificate.) Simply make your nominations below, add you name and address and return the form (photocopy acceptable) by 18 O c t o b e r 1999. T h e full list o f The Vegan Readers' Awards winners, to be announced on World Vegan Day (1 November), will appear in the Winter Vegan.
BEST N E W * V E G A N F O O D P R O D U C T
the use o f normal breeds has
• By putting a rat gene into mice, French researchers have
fallen. Many o f the animals
produced mouse milk with
used had human genes added in
50-85% less lactose. 70% o f
order to study human diseases.
the world's adult population is
Examples included Polly, a
affected by lactose intolerance.
cloned sheep incorporating a
I f the researchers can do the
human gene which makes a
same with dairy cattle and mass
protein used to treat cystic
produce low-lactose cow's
fibrosis (CF). Other applica-
milk, demand is likely to be
tions have lead to hairless mice,
used to study the effects o f car-
New Scientist, 6.2.99
cinogens and other products on
BEST N E W * V E G A N P R O D U C T ( N O N - F O O D )
BEST E S T A B L I S H E D V E G A N F O O D P R O D U C T
BEST E S T A B L I S H E D V E G A N P R O D U C T
the skin. The Independent, 15.3.99
• British Biotechnology
BEST G U E S T H O U S E / H O T E L C A T E R I N G F O R V E G A N S (name and address)
company, Zeneca Plant Science is to be reported to the Govern-
Tesco, Unilever (owner o f
ment's health and safety
Birds-Eye-Walls) and the
watchdog for possible breach o f
British arm o f Nestle (the
the regulations governing the
world's biggest food company)
escape o f G M organisms into
are to ban G M ingredients from
the environment. A photo-
their products. Tesco joins
graph in the Daily Telegraph
Safeway, Sainsbury, Iceland,
showed its scientists munching
Marks & Spencer and Waitrose
in seeking GM-free products.
( G M ) tomatoes which they had
Farmers Weekly, 30.4.99
developed. Officials fear the
The Independent, 29.4.99
BEST R E S T A U R A N T / C A F E C A T E R I N G F O R V E G A N S (name and address)
seeds could have passed through their digestive systems
Reader's N a m e ,
• Pollen from maize genetically-
and germinated somewhere in a
engineered to produce an
sewage farm in deepest
insecticide could be a danger to
America's famous Monarch
The Independent, 20.2.99
butterflies, poisoning caterpil-
Address _Post code_ Return to: Vegan Readers' Awards 99 Donald Watson House 7 Battle Road St Leonards-on-Sea East Sussex TN37 7AA
lars when it drifts onto the • Britain's laboratories are using
leaves o f the plants they eat.
350 000 genetically-modified
About '/4 o f the USA's entire
(transgenic) animals every year
maize crop is now G M .
and the number is rocketing as
New Scientist, 22.5.99
Within the last 12 months
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Shoparound Introducing... Cathy Grainger. Her mission: to continue The Vegan's long tradition of seeking out new — and old favourite — animal-free goodies
Cracked Pepper, Savoury Herb and (my favourite) Sun-Dried Tomato.
needn't have been worried about writing this f o r the first time — the annual Natural Product Show in April was over-flowing with friendly folk and loads of new vegan products. So many, in fact, that some will have to wait until the Autumn issue! The nature of the NPS means most products mentioned will be found only in health/wholefood shops — but they're certainly worth seeking out! So, with a big THANK YOU to those w h o ' v e handed over samples, let us begin .. .
00H - SWEETIES! First and foremost it has to be chocolate (can you spot any similarities with my predecessor yet?!). Kids large and small should be well pleased with Allergycare's addition t o its Whizzers range — Chocolate Footballs, Chocolate Mint Balls and Multi-Coloured Chocolate Mini Eggs. If you're not the chocolate type — and I know there are a f e w of you out there! — but still have a sweet tooth, check out Panda's Licorice Comfits and Allergycare's Toffees.
SPREAD 'EM To offset the sugar rush, the truly fresh-sounding company Clearspring brings us a range of Organic Water Crackers in four fab flavours: Classic,
Should you wish to top your cracker with a scrumptious 'little something', Suma has made its Organic Herb and Organic Mushroom Pates available in a tub with a lid (much easier on the fingers than those impossible tubes). It has also launched a vegan, GM-free Organic Sunflower Margarine. With 60% reduced fat, it's suitable for baking as well as spreading, and has been awarded the Vegan Society's trade mark — great stuff.
LE CRUNCH Still on the crunchy front, there are t w o new brands of crisps to munch on — Kettle Foods brings us (deep breath:) Sea Salt Chips with a Hint of Olive Oil — and a Dutch company going by the name of Tra'fo (pronunciation suggestions on a postcard please) makes Organic Chilli Crisps. But beware: some of our tasters found them "very chilli" (to quote a certain poet). You have been warned!
SNACK ATTACK DEFENCE Vegan-friendly snack bars seem to be getting more common — there are now several options other than the trusty fat 'n' sugar slab (flapjack) — for example, Shepherd Boy's Organic Fruit and Nut Bar, and the Hemp Food Corporation's Fruit and Nut Bar with Hemp Seeds. You can also brighten up your biscuit tin with a range of vegan biccies from the Organic Food Company, under the name of ecoBISCUITS. These come in a range of Round Biscuits (Sesame, Mixed Roast Nut, Coconut, Chocolate and Mixed Selection) and Cookies in Bags (Noisettes, Carabos, Rosinos, Rosettes and Sprits). Alternatively, pick up a packet of Granny Ann's new Premier Plain Chocolate and Gluten Free Biscuits.
I SPY ... PIE! Though warm and filling might not be the qualities you are looking for in summer food, the British climate should throw up enough cool evenings for you to enjoy a fantastic pie from the newly-formed Get Real Organic Foods. Made from lentils, beans and stir-fried veg, the Sutaki Pie managed to be lovely even when I tasted it at 10am (at the Show)! Furthermore, it helpfully states 'suitable for vegans' on the packet. For a slightly speedier substantial munch, GF Spaghetti in Tomato Sauce from Roma Food Products is just the ticket — although it does come in a rather lonesome singleportion tin. If you just fancy tomato sauce (strangerthings have happened!), try Meridian's Organic Tomato Ketchup.
TASTE THE WORLD Those looking for an international flavour are given a helping hand by Meridian, which has developed Balti and Rogan Josh Organic Cooking Sauces — as well as t w o Organic Salsa Dips — Hot Tomato and (for wimps like me) Cool Tomato. Elsewhere, Joannusmolen has launched an Instant Organic Fallafel Mix which is quick, versatile and rather tasty.
SMOKE SIGNALS And now for something completely different: no, not Monty Python, but cigarettes and tobacco — but not as you know them. Why? Because those made by Natural American Spirit are 100% additive-free; are made from whole leaf natural tobacco; and contain no preservatives, no chemically-derived flavourings and no processed stems. Not partaking in the habit myself, I can report only that these novel products seem to be remarkably popular amongst those who do.
SOYA MILK From the unusual to the positively old hat — soya milk (or 'soya drink' — if I feel like taking any notice of the European Union!). Encouragingly, soya milk is a rapidlyexpanding market (Provamel and Sanitarium (see below) have both felt confident enough to run TV commercials), with t w o new brands launched in the last f e w months. Perhaps the most astute player at the moment is ProSoya — the packaging of its SoNice Fresh Original, Chocolate and Cappuccino flavour soya milks mimics the design of fresh cow's milk cartons. From subterfuge to Sanitarium the So Good (all vegan) range — Low Fat, Fat Free, Utterly Chocolate and Absolutely Vanilla — has benefited from celebrity association in the guise of a TV ad fronted by the fit-looking former Blue Peter presenter, Caron Keating. Not to be out-don^, old-hand Provamel has brought out t w o new flavours — Banana and Fruits of the Forest. Both come in mini cartons with a straw — ideal for lunch boxes.
T H E
N A M E
SAYS IT ALL
E V E R Y N U T R I E N T essential for optimum H E A L T H , V I T A L I T Y and E N E R G Y COMPLETE FIBROUS UNSALTED S U G A R FREE 'ANTIOXIDANT PHYTO-NUTRIENT HELPS F A T TISSUE LOSS
NO NO NO NO NO NO NO
WHEAT YEAST GLUTEN SOY PROTEIN CHOLESTEROL DAIRY OR EGGS CELLULOSE OR W H E Y
N o GIMMICKS. JUST T H E ULTIMATE INGREDIENTS. AROUND £ 1 . 9 9
SOYA THINK IT'S OVER? No chance — there's soya everywhere! Now it's desserts. The afore-mentioned ProSoya also produces vegan Organic Yoghurts in Peach, Raspberry and Strawberry flavours. Not to be outdone, granoVita wades in with the (perhaps unfortunately-named) Soyage — an organic soya dessert in Strawberry, Peach & Apricot and Fruits of the Forest flavours. There's more: Provamel has joined in the fun with a new Hazelnut Soya Dessert and, I'm reliably informed, the absolutely divine Sojasun Plain Chocolate Dessert is back in the UK. This special soya extravaganza concludes with Swedish Foods (previously Winner). The Chocolate and Vanilla Swedish Glace flavours are joined by a newcomer — Vanilla Fudge Swirl.
FANCY A TOP UP? If you feel you're lacking something — or need a pick-me-up — turn to Salus's Calcium Liquid, Magnesium Liquid, Floravital, Gallexier, Siberian Ginseng Elixir, or any of its teas. However, beware of those products containing D3 which were on its 'suitable for vegans' list: Epresat, Saludynam and Kindervital. That's nearly yer lot for this issue. Until the next time: go get some of that sunshine and top up with free vitamin D!
DIRECT TO YOU
Direct Foods (part of Haldane) now makes an Organic Sosmix and Organic Burgamix. A free packet of each goes to the first 10 readers to write, before 31 July, to: The Vegan Readers' Offer, Haldane Foods, Howard Way, Newport Pagnell, Bucks MK16 9PY.
P U M U L
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New from Plamii Expressions — an organic and rather tasty chocolate bar with a stunning wrapper! A free bar goes to the first 10 readers to write, by 31 July, to: The Vegan Readers' Offer, Plamil Foods, Plamil House, Bowles Well Gardens, Folkestone, Kent CT19 6PQ.
CONSCIENCE, B o d y c a r t ^ ^ c ! ^ ^ ^ iscience Full Range Of V e g a n Skin A n d Haircare Products Beautifully Fragranced With Fruits A n d Herbs Or Unscented For Sensitive Skins Not tested o n animals (1986 cut oft date)
For a Free Product Guide Write to: Conscience, PO Box 5180, Matlock, DE4 4ZW Or phone our awswerphone orderline 0 1 6 2 9 8 2 2 9 7 2
DAIRY FREE F U D G E A special treat for vegans
PLENTY TO GO Lyme Regis, meanwhile, has created an organic version of its Plain Chocolate Marzipan — which has proved very popular in the office! And brace yourselves for this: 4 bars go to each of the first 250 (yes, two hundred and fifty!) readers to write, by 31 July, to: The Vegan Organic Marzipan Offer, Lyme Regis Fine Foods, Station Ind Est, Liphook, Hants GU30 7DR.
Bars and Gift Boxes by post For information and order form contact:
Devon Fudge Direct U n i t 3, 2 A Barton H i l l R o a d T o r q u a y T Q 2 8JH T e l : 01803 316020 Tel/fax: 01803 852592 Mastercard/Visa accepted
The V e g a n ,
Roxburgh is far from being the plight of ci staceans
hellfish — such as lobsters, c r a b s , p r a w n s and s h r i m p s — b e l o n g w i t h i n t h e l a r g e class o f invertebrate animals called crustacea. O n e o f their characteristics is t h a t , i n o r d e r t o g r o w , t h e y p e r i o d i c a l l y shed ( ' m o u l t ' ) t h e i r hard external skeleton.
Crabs and lobsters have highly developed sensory organs, with clusters o f n e r v e cells, 'ganglia', in place o f a brain. Lobsters have a 'heaft' (carapace) w h e r e the eye, m o u t h parts and 'brain' (cerebral g a n g l i o n ) are found, and a 'tail' (abdomen). Lobsters d o n o t have a centralised brain area but, along w i t h the large ganglia a b o v e and b e l o w the m o u t h , they have smaller ganglia at each b o d y segment. It is possible that they are able to f e e l pain at o n e o f these points. T h e central nervous system lies along the m i d l i n e , quite close to the shell. Lobsters have been k n o w n to live f o r up to 100 years in the w i l d and can travel m o r e than 100 miles each year, using c o m p l i c a t e d signals to e x p l o r e and establish social relationships. T h e y t e n d to f e e d o n the ocean bottom and, consequently, their bodies o f t e n contain concentrations o f heavy metals, such as lead and mercury.
TIME TO MOULT Crabs have t w o main nerve centres, at the m i d d l e , f r o n t and rear, and their responses to certain stimuli are i m m e d i a t e and vigorous. L i k e lobsters, they react violently w h e n put live i n t o h o t water and o f t e n shed legs o r claws. W h e n crabs shed their shells their b o d i e s are left soft and v u l n e r -
ITIES crevice, water and th shell is harde h o w e v e r , hudd gangs. According C o l l i n s o f Southampton oceanography centre, thel m o u l t firstJBid lie on top o f the pile, a l l o w i n g the smaller ones to shed their shells in safety underneath*. Prawns hide in individual holes on the sea bed. M a n y are n o w farmed'.,4n many T h i r d W o r l d collieries the p r o m o t i o n o f intensive prawn aquaculture has proved to be the most destructive activity to mangrove forest ecosystems. Large tracts o f mangroves are cut d o w n to make way for the ponds in which prawns are raised for export^. Shrimps and prawns are closely related.
Public and media interest is high Molluscs include mussels, oysters, w i n k l e s and limpets. T h e y are usually f r e e - l i v i n g in marine environments but some prefer to burrow, attach themselves to rocks, or crawl. T h e b o d y o f the mollusc is covered by a shell, attached at various sites (either a bivalve — w h i c h has t w o shells, hinged together; or a gastropod — w h i c h has only one shell and can stick its head and f o o t out at the same time, to m o v e and feed). Molluscs have a muscular f o o t , for crawling, a head, a tongue-like structure, eyes, tentacles and sensory organs. T h e y also have a heart, gills and an intestine.
has shown that even the simplest' invertebrates exhibit responses to adverse stimuli (dangerous or painful situations) — for example, they respond to changes in temperature beyond the normal range, contact with noxious chemicals, mechanical interference, and electric shock by withdrawing or escaping. Many invertebrate animals have elaborate nervous and sensory systems. Their nerve cells under a microscope appear very similar iur o w n and, although the sensation if pain in such animals cannot be proved, many scientists suggest that it should be assumed these animals are capable o f feeling pain, and their wellbeing should therefore be promoted'.
ENTER THE NETWORK T h e Shellfish N e t w o r k was formed by Joe Solomon five years ago, to campaign peacefully against cruelty to these animals. U p until then, compared with other animal welfare issues, the treatment o f shellfish had aroused very little effective opposition — even though shellfish are commonly boiled, steamed, grilled or cut up while they are alive and fully conscious. Although relatively 'ljumane' techniques fbT stunning crabs and lobsters before cooking have been put forward by animal welfare organisations — and our knowledge o f the physiology o f these creatures has advanced — the application o f these techniques is not required by law in Britain or, as far as is can be determined, anywhere else. However, the state o f N e w South Wales (Australia) has issued guidelines to the catering industry on avoiding cruelty to shellfish'*.
THE TIDE TURNS
cause suffering in one way or another. And even if these methods were universally adopted, shellfish would still have to endure trapping, transport and storage. Traps lost on the seabed or washed ashore onto inaccessible beaches (ghost-traps), leave their victims trapped indefinitely. Crabs and lobsters are often transported in densely packed containers and stored, with their claws tied, in overcrowded tanks.
In the past it was widely believed that cold-blooded creatures — such as fish and shellfish — are unable to feel pain. However, the Medway Report (1979) argued that, if any vertebrate can feel pain, then they all can, including fish®. While shellfish are invertebrates, most of them have complex nervous systems, and as far back as 1975 the Oxford University zoologist, Dr John Baker, found that lobsters dropped into boiling water showed "powerful struggling movements" for up to two minutes. He concluded that these were not reflex actions but indications of pain6.
Those w h o run the N e t w o r k would obviously prefer that no-one ate animals and everyone was vegan; however, until this time comes, people will still eat shellfish and there is an immediate need to improve their welfare. Consequently, the Network organised a national petition calling on the Government — and the European Union — to ban the exploitation o f shellfish for human consumption.
At that time, Dr Baker devised a stunning tank which would render the animals unconscious long enough for them to be killed using any 'accepted'
These were not reflex actions but indications of pain
Further Information: The Shellfish Network, Springside, Forest Road, East Horsley, Surrey KT24 5AZ Tel/Fax 01483 282995 www.envirolink.ort/arrs/arc/shellfish
Through leaflet distribution and use o f the media, the Shellfish Network has gone some way towards raising public awareness of the plight of shellfish, and successfully persuaded Waitrose and Tesco to abandon plans to sell live lobsters. Public and media interest is high and the organisation has several hundred members worldwide. As far as can be determined the Network is the only body giving a consistently high profile to the suffering of shellfish.
References 1 Daily Mail, 13.8.97 2 International Primate Protection League (IPPL), August 1993 iA Question of Pain in Invertebrates. Jane A Smith PhD, University o f Birmingham Medical School, England, 1991 4 Guidelines for Avoiding Cruelty in Shellfish Preparation. N e w South Wales Agriculture, March 1994 5 Report of the Panel of Enquiry into Shooting and Angling. Chairman: Lord Medway, 1976-1979 6 The Humane Killing of Lobsters and Crabs. John R Baker DSc ( O x o n ) FRS
The Network's information sheets on the capacity of shellfish to suffer, and on more humane ways of treating them, have gone out to many hundreds of restaurants, hotel chains and distributors. Many chefs have expressed concern about the methods currently employed to kill crabs and lobsters in particular and they would welcome the development of more humane standards.
method but, for some reason, the concept was followed up only recently. In April, a new version of the tank, the Crusta-stun, was presented at an Aquaculture Conference in Sydney, Australia. If accepted, the device will at least alleviate the dreadful suffering currently inflicted upon shellfish. Other so-called 'humane' slaughter techniques include piercing, cutting or freezing — all of which are likely to
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The V e g a n , S u m m e r
Diet Matters Sandra Hood answers more of your diet-related queries
a n d r a H o o d is a v e g a n of 2 0 y e a r s ' s t a n d i n g a n d is a p r a c t i s i n g
Senior State Registered Dietitian. Please address y o u r q u e s t i o n s t o h e r at: Diet Matters, The Vegan, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-onSea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK. S a n d r a r e g r e t s t h a t s h e is not available for telephone consultations.
used to have luxurious
curly hair but in the last year since going vegan my hair has gone very thin on top. Could it be due to changing to a vegan diet?
John Dorset Hair growth varies with age, its fastest rate is approximately between 16 and 24 years of age and slows down as we get older. Hair grows faster at night than during the day and in warmer weather than in cold. Hair can become thin, dull and lank and easily fall out due to malnutrition. One cause of this may be zinc deficiency, but if you are following a well balanced, varied vegan diet you should be obtaining all the nutrients you need for good health. Zinc can be found in a wide variety of foods including nuts, wholegrains, pulses and vegetables. Iron deficiency has also been shown to cause damaged hair but again, if your diet is well balanced this should not be a problem. Iron can be found in the above foods too and also in seeds and dried fruits. T o enhance iron absorption, consume fruits or a fruit juice with your meal because vitamin C aids absorption. Thinning of hair and baldness in men seems to occur when there is a genetic predisposition toward
baldness. If your father is bald it is likely that you will become bald too. Baldness also results from an abnormally large amount of testosterone (the male sex hormone) and an abnormally small amount of"oestrogen (a female sex hormone). Baldness can also be caused by disease, stress, malnutrition and many other external factors. everal years after becoming vegan I began to have weekly migraine attacks. Are you aware of any association with foods or drinks? Louise Perth
The relationship between food sensitivity and migraine is a complex one. Certain foods may cause the blood vessels to dilate or constrict, stimulating the pain-sensitive nerve endings in the vessels. This is more on a pharmacological basis than on an allergy basis because the pain is produced by the effect of chemical substances on the blood vessel walls in the brain and not, direcdy, from consuming a particular food. In addition, food-induced migraine is influenced by many other factors — including fatigue, smoking and the menstrual cycle. Also, emotional stress and hypertension are among some of the causes — and there may be a familial predisposition. Some foods and drinks found to be associated with migraines include citrusfruits,coffee, sugar, soya, bananas, alcohol, cocoa (chocolate) and saturated 6ts. Saturated fats are found mainly in dairy and meat products, but coconut and palm oil are high in it and may be worth avoiding. 1 would also recommend that you eat regularly, ensuring that some form of carbohydrate (eg bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, cereal) are included at each meal. You should make sure you drink plenty of fluid, aiming for a minimum of 6-8 cups per day, and ensure you take regular exercise and rest.
to read on the tub
of a well-known vegan 'ice cream' that it contains cholesterol and I am concerned that my cholesterol level may be high. Should I be worried? Nadir West Midlands The 'ice cream' in question does indeed contain traces of cholesterol — as do allfoods.However, animal foods are therichestsource. Cholesterol plays an important role in stabilising cell membranes, but too much causes membranes to be rigid. The amount of cholesterol in the blood is increased by high levels of saturated fat (mainly found in animal foods) and lowered by polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats (found in vegetable foods). A high intake of fibre — particularly that from beans and pulses — helps to reduce cholesterol absorbed by the body. Dietary cholesterol has only a small effect on cholesterol in the blood. The amount of cholesterol produced by the body is much more than the amount consumed with food — of which, only 50% may be absorbed. T w o major factors influence blood cholesterol levels: obesity and the intake of saturated fats. Therefore, as a
vegan consuming a mixed vegan diet — rich in fruits, vegetables and pulses — unless you are very overweight or have a family history ot heart disease, you are likely to have low blood cholesterol.
havea urinepHof 5, which I understand is high for a vegan. What are the implications? Dennis Pembrokeshire
The pH scale measures the acidity and alkalinity in bodyfluids.It runs from 0 to 14 with 7 being neutral. Human blood has a pH of 7.4. The 'noniiaT reference range I use for urine is 4.6 to 8.0. YourpH is within this range. A meat-eater, consuming a higher intake of animal protein, might have a pH of 5 or 6; whereas, a vegan who nonnally eats a diet high in fibre and low in protein will usually have a slightly alkaline pH of 7 or 8. As a dietitian I do not consider the urine pH and 1 am unaware of any dietary implications. However, a dietitian migfct want to look at various metabolites — such as creatinine (a waste product of protein) -— in the urine. Your question is more of a medical one and I suggest, therefore, that you consult your GP.
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THE ORDER OF THE CROSS T H E WAY OF
"Be like Love for Love's sake — be radiant even as Love is radiant, because Love is God and is of God in us, supreme in the absolute world and also in the relative world of our being — the omnipotent force in all the Universe." The Order of the Cross, whose members are vegetarian or vegan, was founded in 1904 by the Reverend John Todd Ferrier, a former minister in the Congregational Church, who felt a profound sense of compassion for all mankind and creatures. The Message of the Order of the Cross sets out a vision of Christianity which re-interprets much that has been taught and believed in during the last 2000 years. It is universal in its scope, revealing the oneness of all life and the unity of all true religious aspiration. GOD is spoken of as the FATHER-MOTHER, thus emphasizing the dual mystery which pervades the Universe. The names Jesus and Christ are shown to represent states of spiritual attainment, achievable by all souls. For further information and publications list, please contact THE ORDER OF THE CROSS (VGN), 10 DE VERE GARDENS, LONDON W 8 5AE Telephone: 0171 937 7012 Internet http://www.ivu.org/ordcross/
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The V e g a n ,
XllMEiii Amanda Rofe puts the record straight
robably the most c o m p l e x o f the
v i t a m i n s and c o e n z y m e s k n o w n today, m u c h remains to be discovered about v i t a m i n B | 2 (cobalamin), particularly its r o l e and regulation in the body. Its significance to vegans focuses a r o u n d the m i s c o n c e p t i o n that it is f o u n d exclusively in f o o d s o f animal o r i g i n .
WHAT'S WHAT T h e most important commercial form o f B 12, cyanocobalamin — which appears to have n o physiological function — is made exclusively by micro-organisms in the environment, the intestines o f animals and the laboratory. O t h e r forms o f B p include methylcobalamin, adenosylcobalamin, hydroxocobalamin and aquacobalamin. T h e b o d y converts one form to another. Methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin are the only active forms used by the body. Methylcobalamin is believed to have metabolic and therapeutic applications not shared by the others.
KEY ROLE B 1 2 is n e e d e d for a healthy nervous system and normal b l o o d formation. In the stomach, it is dissociated from f o o d and, after a c o m p l e x route, enters the circulation. T h e liver takes up around 5 0 % and the rest is transported to o t h e r tissues (eg the kidneys). T h e average liver content is l m g / g tissue. T h e average adult total b o d y B 1 2 p o o l is 0.6—3.9mg. T h r e e soluble B 1 2 - b i n d i n g proteins are k n o w n to be involved in the uptake and transport of cobalamins in humans: intrinsic factor (IF), transcobalamin ( T C ) and haptocorrin ( H C ) . Impaired uptake is o f t e n caused b y lack o f IF. B 1 2 is lost through faeces, urine, skin and metabolic reactions. Fecal and urinary loss decrease w h e n B 1 2 stores decrease. 0 . 1 - 0 . 2 % o f the B , 2 p o o l is lost daily. A s b o d y stores fall and daily B 1 2 bile output falls, 're-absorption' (enterohepatic circulation) rises to nearly 1 0 0 % — preventing deficiency
for up to 20—30 years. Daily B 1 2 intake is unnecessary — three times a w e e k is adequate.
Daily B12 intake is unnecessary DEFICIENCY T h e megaloblastic anaemias are particular forms o f macrocytic anaemia distinguished by changes in red cells. T h e y represent a significant cause o f ill-health worldwide. In Britain, pernicious anaemia is caused by impaired uptake or transport o f B ) 2 , rather than inadequate intake. O n e in 10 000 north Europeans are affected. N e u r o logical symptoms include tingling and numbness, abnormalities o f gait, loss o f concentration and memory, disorientation, frank dementia, visual disturbances, insomnia, impotency, and impaired bowel/bladder control. Deficiency stages are normally: l o w serum, l o w cell-store, biochemical and clinically deficiency. Treatment for severe anaemia finds neurological improvement in the first f e w weeks but maximal benefit may not be achieved for 18 months. Great care must be taken in comparing the results o f B 1 2 tests because o f their different m e t h o d o l o gies, variations between laboratories and different deficiency cut-off points. Microbiological assay tests failed to distinguish B 1 2 analogues (chemical look-a-likes not used by the body) and have been superseded by more accurate differential radioassays. Other valuable tests include the deoxyuridine suppression test ( d U S T ) — used for identifying clinical cobalamin deficiency; and the Schilling test, which assesses the absorption o f orallyingested radiolabelled cyanocobalamin but does not measure body B ) 2 stores.
INJECTIONS INEVITABLE? Occasional low recorded serum cobalamin levels, despite oral cyanocobalamin doses o f 100-150
mg/day, led to caution against oral therapy to treat deficiency and the belief that insufficient IF necessitated intramuscular injections for life. However, 1 % o f large oral doses o f cyanocobalamin (100-100 OOOmg) used to treat pernicious anaemia may be absorbed even without IF or an intact ileum (small intestine). Excellent responses to treating pernicious anaemia have been achieved with 300-2000mg o f oral cyanocobalamin daily. Oral therapy has been used widely in Sweden for more than 25 years.
INTESTINAL BACTERIA Some individuals have B p -producing bacteria in their small intestine. Vegetarians and vegans may produce more B p than meat-eaters but it may not be available for absorption. O n e study suggests that bacteria in the intestines produce B , , but it is too low down the gut for absorption. However, another study contradicts this! As pernicious anaemia develops, increasing colonies o f enteric bacteria produce analogues which are thought to accelerate B 1 2 deficiency.
The B12-in-plants-debate continues LOOKING TO PLANTS Tempeh, commdnly believed to be a rich source o f B , , , actually contains mainly analogues. Algae (spirulina), seaweeds (nori, kombu, wakame) are also unreliable saurces of'active' B, 2 . Interestingly, whole milk contains around 3 0 % B, 2 analogues; hamburger, cottage cheese and eggs 10%; and beef liver 5%. O n e o f the richest natural sources o f B 1 2 is soil, containing levels similar to that found in cow's milk. T h e Bp-in-plants-debate continues — research in 1992 and 1994 concluded that the B I 2 found in the leaves and seeds o f certain plants had been absorbed by the plant from the
soil, rather than simple surface contamination. O f course, soil B 12 concentrations vary widely and different levels reported in plants may be the result o f inaccurate detection methods. [Ed. For more on this see Grow Vegan, page 24.] For the time being, plants continue to be regarded as an unreliable B p source.
COOKING LOSS Cyanocobalamin is relatively inert but other forms o f B p are highly light sensitive and chemically more labile. Few studies have reported B 1 2 losses through cooking although one found that 50% o f the B 1 2 in milk was lost after 10 minutes o f boiling. Vegetarians take note!
surgery, genetic predisposition, heavy metals (eg mercury), lack o f IF, nitrous oxide (laughing gas), prolonged iron deficiency, smoking, tapeworm infestation and oral contraceptives. There may be a relationship between B p deficiency and tinnitus, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's, cardiovascular disease, Imerslund-Grasbeck's disease, A I D S and neural-tube defects. There appears to be no evidence that a high-fibre diet increases B , , requirement. So-called 'megadoses' o f vitamin C are unlikely to destroy B 1 2 or affect requirement.
Evidence suggests that maternal absorption increases during pregnancy and maternal stores are unlikely to be depleted.
Folate — plentiful in vegan diets — protects against the anaemia o f B 1 2 deficiency but not neurological degeneration. There is no evidence that folate intake or status changes requirements for B 12 but intakes above lmg/day folic acid may mask symptoms of pernicious anaemia. T h e haematological effects o f pernicious anaemia are indistinguishable from those o f folate deficiency. In the US, all cereal products are now fortified with folic acid, arousing concerns that B l 2 deficiencies could be masked. Hungary has recently begun fortifying bread with folic acid but has also included B 12 .
WHAT'S THE LIMIT?
Vitamin B p deficiency may well be underestimated in the general population. In the late 1980s 5 - 1 0 % o f those aged 65 years and over were estimated to be deficient. More recent estimates o f 15-20% are explained by inadequate intake, malabsorption or severe atrophic gastritis. Since protein-bound B 1 2 is less well absorbed than cyanocobalamin, the recommendation is that all people over 50 years of age — including meat-eaters! — should ensure they consume products fortified with cyanocobalamin.
N o adverse effects are associated with excessive B 1 2 intake. T h e possible links between high injected doses and acne are thought to be due to the iodine particles in the (hydroxocobalamin) preparation.
EARLY CONSIDERATIONS If they are born with low B 12 stores, consume breast milk low in B 12 or have untreated pernicious anaemia, babies will show clinical signs o f deficiency at around 4 months. Maternal liver stores are less important to the fetus, which uses recently-absorbed maternal B p .
STATUS FACTORS B 1 2 levels are affected by: achlorhydric stomach, alcohol abuse, Crohn's disease, dementia, drugs/ulcer medication (neomycin, potassium chloride, paminosalicylic acid, colchicine), gastric
NO PROBLEM The vast majority o f vegans obtain some B 1 2 in their diet and, as long as enterohepatic circulation is intact, body stores are conserved. Where B I2 -related problems occur, it is likely that such individuals have a metabolic dysfunction and it is this that is the cause — not simply an uncomplicated dietary deficiency. Vegans are no more likely to have a metabolic dysfunction than the rest o f the population.
EXAMPLES OF UK GOVERNMENT B,2 RECOMMENDED REFERENCE NUTRIENT INTAKES* (ng/day) Children
* Recommended daily amounts for 97% (those without special needs) of the population
SOME B12-FORTIFIED FOODS CPC Marmite — 15mg/100g Orchid Drinks Ame —0.12mg/100ml; Purdey's Original & Gold —0.1 mg/100ml; Vitonic —0.33 mg/100ml Plamil Soya Non-Dairy Alternative to Milk — 1.6 mg/100ml Plamil White Sun Non-Dairy Alternative to Milk 1.6 mg/100ml Provamel Soya Alternative to Milk with Calcium & Vits — 0.5 mg/100ml Weetabix Ready Brek Original — 0.9mg/100g Sanitarium So Good Low Fat Dairy-Free Soy Protein Beverage — 0.4mg/100ml Tesco Yeast Extract — 8.3mg/10Og Kellogg's Rice Krispies — 0.85mg/100g
SOME B,SUPPLEMENTS Higher Nature B12 (sublingual powder) Medeva Pharma Ltd Neo-Cytamen; Cytamen (both injectable) Quest Vitamin B12 500|ig Vega Nutritionals Vitamin Bi; 1000mg (veg caps)
For a referenced SAE marked studies
carried out in relation
Vegan Nutrition by Vegan
of this article, send
'Full B12'. For a summary to vegans
The V e g a n ,
PHEW.' WRITING MY THeS'S
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INFLUENCE Of= V E G A N ISM ON 'NEJ&HBOURS" IS GIVING ME SUCH
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megan,Your, l i f e changed DRAMATICALLY IN iq?q WHEN MDU BECAME A VEGAN. ,
Y93. I WAS O N L Y A S KID, BUT PEOPLE STARTED TO LISTEN "TO ME
ON THE WORLD..
T H E Y
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I N T E R R U P T E D L O N G "
H A S H I S
S P R I N & - ;
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THANKS SANTA. Yl> HO HO! T H A N K S TO MEGAN IN A VARIED ME&AN ; ME A N D MY C A E e E R . y O U HAVE PPJESENTS A R E NOW HAD A N U M B E R VEGAN AND RUDOLPH IS — IN THE REINDEER ONE HIT RECORD .. RETIREMENT HOME.'
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FATHER C H R I S T M A S . ' RECEIVED AN OSCAR FOR. &££>T ACTRESS I'D LIICE TO THANK MY VEGAN DIET.'
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DO YOU CARE ABOUT THE WORLD?
VEGAN COMMUNITY RUN HOTEL IN TORQUAY
You may chink there is very little any individual can do to help the environment,
scale animal abuse and so on. However,
the power of investment
The more of us who indicate that we care about what happens to the money in our pension endowments
and other investments,
we will all be.
Would you like to live in and/or invest in a vegan hotel to be bought on the English Riviera? (A g o o d selection always available)
For advice or more
Part community, part hotel. Share the cost of purchase, the work a n a the profits.
Land also to P e Pought or rented to grow vegan/organic crops.
Financial Services Horseshoe Brownbread Ashburnham, TN33
We are looking for a few vegans with around £30,000 e a c h for full participation, a n d others with around £1,000 each for time sharing.
Street, East Sussex 9NX
[Pure (ethical) investment also sought (£500 min).]
Tel. 0800 0183110
Those with aspiration Put no money, please get in touch anyway.
David Walters is a member of Animal Aid and the Vegetarian Society A member of DBS Financial Management PLC which is regulated by the Personal Investment Authority
Ring Bob Howes on 01656 739 813
or SAE to 31 Caerau Road, Caerau, Maesteg CF34 0PB.
a stunning range of outdoor and leisureware combining the finest synthetic materials with quality craftsmanship and design. Comprising all the best features of leather, but can be worn with a clear conscience. Suitable for vegans, vegetarians a n d all t h o s e who care about the environment JR*
F o r a F R E E full c o l o u r c a t a l o g u e call or fax 0 1 9 2 9 4 8 0 3 6 0 or write t f r j
Ethical W a r e s , D e p t V M , 1 7 T o w n s e n d R o a d , C o r f e C a s t l e , W a r e h a m , Dorset B H 2 0 5ET, U K
Visit our w e b s i t e at: w w w . v e g a n v i l l a g e . c o . u k / e t h i c a l w a r e s or e-mail u s o n :
The V e g a n ,
Living Veganism Katharine A Gilchrist contemplates things vegan
have thrown down a gauntlet. N o , not in the literal sense o f dropping a glove. I have issued a challenge. In December a certain journalist wrote an article about how she was antianimal rights because she was prohuman rights. W h y then, I wrote to ask her, did her newspaper column contain so little practical information about human rights organisations? There is much more information in publications like SchNEWS, which also cover animal rights issues. This has proved to be the case over and over again. Could she explain why? O v e r four months later (at the time o f writing) she still hasn't bothered to reply.
IN THE KNOW A m I being smug, or is the average vegan better informed about environmental issues than the average meateater? It certainly seems so. An article in Living Marxism (April 1999) suggests that genetic engineering is good because it could add more of an amino acid called lysine to crops like rice. Pulses (beans, peas and lentils) contain more lysine than grains. So the obvious solution is for pulses to be grown and eaten along with rice. If the writers of Living Marxism are so keen on genetic engineering (and they are, this article is not a one-ofl), let them be the testers! T h e Government has issued a consultation document called UK Climate Change Programme. It concerns greenhouse gases —including methane from cattle. It states:
and, for some, weight gain, this can often to preserve the racial purity of whitebe achieved with respectfor one's dietary headed ducks. Animal Aid blames the cull on "bird watching anoraks", preferences (letter, 26.6.98). although The Guardian (10.2.99) Let us hope that the E D A will soon probable methods of achieving them would found plenty of bird watchers who feel able to state unambiguously that run counter to consumer concerns over disapproved of the cull/kill. if a patient is vegan, their therapist animal welfare and intensive livestock farming. There is no mention of the more logical solution — reducing the number o f farm animals (ideally to zero).
FLEXIBLE ETHICS There is a very subjective element to what is considered 'necessary' killing. For example, vegans often manage to prevent birds, rabbits and even slugs gobbling their (vegan-organic) crops using humane methods. Yet meateating plant growers claim this is impossible. This isn't my area of expertise, so maybe you should contact those nice people at V O H A N if you need advice [Ed. See page 26j. Another example of this attitude was demonstrated on Escape to River Cottage, which featured a whacky T V chef. H e asked two vegans to humanely get rid of the mice that had invaded their home, and they succeeded. (Well done!) He didn't want the mice to be killed as he didn't want to eat them. Yet he believes shooting deer is a necessary part o f pest 'control', but he likes the taste o f venison. It was hard not to conclude that if mice were a delicacy, the mice would have died.
T h e Eating Disorders Association ( E D A ) appears to have improved its attitude to non meat-eaters. Previously, it implied that therapists The best long-term prospect for signifishould be able to decide whether or cantly reducing [agricultural] methane emissions lies in improving animal diet and not to respect a patient being vegetarian — let alone vegan. productivity and research on these themes continues in the UK. However, large Although we recognise that it is reductions are unlikely because the most important to encourage healthy nutrition
The Ministry of Agriculture (MAFF) states:
should always respect that.
MORE OF THE SAME Reader Marion Coombes wrote in about milk tokens. In 1997, she wrote to the Department of Health raising several points, including the fact that milk is not as healthy as people are led to believe. Her letter ended, "Surely the aim of a Welfare Foods Scheme is to enable those on the lowest level of state benefits to achieve a healthy diet, not to financially penalise those struggling to do so". Over a year later she was still awaiting a reply.
RUDDY GOVERNMENT As you may know, the Government has ordered the killing of ruddy ducks. Ruddy ducks were brought over from North America and now they're mating with white-headed ducks. The resulting offspring aren't white enough. The Government has decided to kill ruddy ducks in order
The control trial [of shooting ducks] has the support of. . . the RSPB, Birdlife International, the World Wide Fundfor Nature, and the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust. The hybridisation between the white-headed duck and the ruddy duck is not a natural occurrence. (Surely it's a lot more natural than, say, genetic engineering?) The Department of the Environment also condones the cull, adding: The views of those whofind the notion of any killing ofanimals distasteful are understood and respected. What a relief. Goodness knows what would happen if they did not understand or respect our views. S c h N E W S c/o On-the-Fiddle, P O Box 2600, Brighton, East Sussex B N 2 2 D X Tel/Fax 01273
A OOlCKl>iP? J
Richard Youngs looks forward to an entertaining summer
This is a buffet to servefour people. You can scale the quantities up or down depending on the size of your gathering.
SMOKED TOFU STRAWS
* 115g/4oz vegan puff pastry smoked tofu vegan coarse grain mustard flour for rolling a little oil Pre-heat the oven according to recommendation on bought puff pastry — it will depend on the brand, but is probably about 200°C On a floured board roll out the pastry to 2mm ('/s") thickness Smear a small amount of mustard over the pastry. Grate enough tofu to cover just half the pastry Turn over the tofii-less half of the pastry over onto the tofued half. Roll again to 2mm ('/»") thickness. Cut into thin strips Place on a lightly oiled oven tray and bake for 15 minutes or until puffed and browned Serve hot or cold
NO MAYONNAISE COLESLAW 2 medium carrots equal volume of white cabbage handful of flaked almonds 4 tbsp olive oil juice of half a lemon salt Grate the carrots. Finely shred the cabbage. Lightly toast the almonds in a non-greased pan over low heat until slightly browned. Place these three ingredients in a bowl In a cup mix together the oil, lemon juice and a good pinch of salt. Pour this mixture over the carrot, cabbage and almonds Toss, cover and refrigerate for an hour
COURGETTE AND TOMATO FUN
& For thejlan case: 85g/3oz wholemeal flour 30g/loz vegan margarine a little cold water flour for rolling margarine for greasing tin Work the flour and margarine together until they become like fine breadcrumbs Next add cold water a drop at a time. As soon as you've managed to form a dough, stop Grease a 15cm(6") diameter and 2 . 5 c m ( l " ) high flan tin with a little extra margarine O n a floured surface roll out the dough until it is a circle o f 21cm(8") diameter. Place the inverted flan tin on the pastry. Slide a spatula underneath the pastry and — very quickly — turn over both the pastry and tin. Press the pastry down into the tin Bake in a pre-heated oven at 180 ° C for 15 For the filling: 225g/8oz drained tinned t< /2oz ground powdered vegan St. 1 small courgette olive oil .dd the gro ' Chop the stock to taste 1 Pour into the • Next, slice the courgette very top of the tomatoes and almon olive oil ' Bake at 180° C for a further 30 1 Serve hot or cold
W E T TABBOULEH PER PERSON 55g/2oz c o u s c o u s boiling water 1 spring onion 4 cherry tomatoes 2.5/1" l e n g t h o f c u c u m b e r 1 small sprig o f fresh parsley lemon juice olive oil salt
Place the couscous in a b o w l . P o u r b o i l i n g water over so that it just covers the grains. Leave to stand for 5 minutes — it should absorb all the water. T h e n , fluff up with a fork C h o p the spring onion. C u t the cherry tomatoes in quarter. D i c e the cucumber into small cubes. Finely chop the parsley. A d d all these prepared ingredients to the couscous S q u e e z e some l e m o n j u i c e , drizzle in some olive oil, add a pinch o f salt Stir, c o v e r , then leave in the 'fridge f o r at least an hour before serving
& 1 red onion 16 b l a c k olives */2 c u c u m b e r 8 cherry tomatoes '/2 tin o f c h i c k peas (or c o o k an equivalent quantity yourself) olive oil j u i c e of112 l e m o n salt a n d p e p p e r Peel then cut in half the o n i o n . Finely slice into half rings T a k e the half cucumber and cut in half lengthways. T h e n cut each part in halflengthways again. C u t each strip into 1cm cubes C u t each cherry tomato in half Place all o f the above — along with the chick peas — in a bowl
FOR T W O LOAVES 340g/12oz strong white flour 340g/12oz strong w h o l e m e a l flour 30g/loz fresh yeast 1 tbsp golden syrup 570ml/lpt water 1 tsp salt 4 tbsp sunflower oil • Dissolve the yeast and golden syrup in half the water. A d d to the flours in a large bowl and mix quickly together • Dissolve the salt in the remaining water. Pour into the flours. N e x t , pour in the oil • Form into a kneadable dough. Depending on the flour, you may have to tweak the quantities — it isn't an exact science and you'll learn from experience • Knead the dough in the bowl for 10 minutes until springy. Cover and leave to double in size at room temperature • Grease t w o 21b loaf tins • Squash flat the dough, then divide between the t w o tins. Leave to rise, again at room temperature (it'll taste better than if you leave it in a warm place. T h e longer the fermentation the deeper the flavour). And, don't bother to cover it • Bake in a pre-heated very, very hot oven (as hot as you can get — mine goes to 260 ° C ) for 40 minutes ( T i p : while heating the oven, place a baking tin at the bottom. W h e n it has reached temperature, place the loaf tins on a rack at about the middle. Fill the baking tin with a mug's worth o f water. This will create a lot o f steam and will help the bread bake nicely risen. A f t e r 20 minutes remove the tin and water) • 5 minutes before completion, remove the bread from the tins. Turn upside down on the oven rack. This will crust them up nicely • Ue patient: leave to cool on a wire rack just a little before cutting
FRUIT SALAD WITH ELDERFLOWER
# selection o f fruit For example: punnet o f strawberries '/2 gala m e l o n '/2 pineapple 1 banana handful o f cherries apple juice with elderflower
D r i z z l e olive oil i n t o the b o w l — I like quite a lot, but you d e c i d e what's right for you. Squeeze the lemon into the bowl. A d d salt and pepper to taste T o s s , c o v e r and chill for at least an hour
FRESH YEAST BREAD
• Wash, peel, remove stones and pips from fruit as required • Cut into cherry sized pieces. Place in a large bowl • Pour over the apple juice with elderflower • Chill for an hour or so before serving
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING
C o n w a y Hall, Red Lion Square, Holborn, L o n d o n W C 1 S a t u r d a y 20 N o v e m b e r 1999
CHINESE VEGAN RESTAURANT
P R O P O S A L S FOR RESOLUTION
N O M I N A T I O N S FOR C O U N C I L
SPECIAL OFFER THREE C O U R S E M E N U
Proposals for resolution, to be considered by Council for inclusion on the 1999 AGM agenda, must be received at the Society's office (Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK) not later than Friday 30 July. For your guidance, ordinary proposals should:
Nominations for members of 12 months or greater duration at the time of appointment — ie 20.11.99 — to serve on Council must be made in writing, signed and received at the office (Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK) not later than Friday 30 July. In accordance with Article 32(a)(i) each nomination must be:
DRAGON ROLLS YIN YANG S E A W E E D S SESAME TOAST * * * AROMATIC C R I S P Y VEG-DUCK WITH P A N C A K E S *#*#
• be proposed and seconded by paid-up full (ie not supporter) members • in the interests of economy and clarity, not exceed 100 words • propose some form of action • propose one single action — ie they must not be composite proposals • not simply comprise a statement of opinion
• duly signed by a proposer and seconder who are members (not supporters) • accompanied by a profile of the candidate stating, in 100-200 words, his/her full name (and any previous names), skills, experience, views, and intentions, if elected To nominate yourself, ask for a 'Prospective Candidate's Nomination Pack' by sending a C5 SAE marked 'PCNP' to: The Administration Officer, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK
Members considering submitting special proposals (those seeking to change the Memorandum or Articles of Association) are advised to contact the Company Secretary (Richard Farhall) on 01424 427393 for guidance.
Members are reminded that candidacy is open to all members meeting the criteria outlined above
Proposers are requested to limit their proposals to two.
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SOCIETY Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA
Trade enquiries w e l c o m e
CONDOMI c o n d o m s bear the Vegan Society Trade Mark, the BSI Kitemark and the World Health Organisation's R R R — for consistently high c o n d o m quality
Jenny Sawyer wields her bottle opener for essential vegan beer research
14 Pitfield Street, London N1 0171 739 3701 • Licensed wholefood shops • Vinceremos (0113 257 7545) price Not yet available • Also produces Dukes Spring Ale, a cask conditioned vegan beer, available only at the Duke of Cambridge, Islington, London N1
produce alcoholic beverages is an ancient tradition, with archaeological evidence in the UK dating back to the Neolithic and Bronze Age. Real ale — "beer which has been brewed and stored in the traditional way, and which has undergone secondary fermentation of the yeast in the container from which it is dispensed" — has experienced a revival over the past f e w years. Served at room temperature, with an infinite variety of subtle taste differences, it is peculiarly British. Sadly for vegan beer fiends the majority of cask conditioned ale sold in pubs involves the use of use of isinglass — gelatine obtained from the air bladders of fish — to quickly clear the beer of yeast sediment. But don't despair: there is an increasing number of vegan-friendly bottled beers available — some of which are bottle-conditioned and so are technically real ales. Here are just a few...
ABVS% Porters are dark, rich beers popular during the 18-19th centuries — possibly because their dark colour hid impurities in the water! Flag Porter has an interesting heritage. In the late 1980s divers found an 1825 shipwreck off the British coast, from which some bottles of porter ale were retrieved. The yeast strain was isolated and, using an early Victorian porter recipe and old fashioned equipment. Flag Porter was created! Sole ingredients: malt, hops, yeast, water. tasting notes Dark, strong and rich in flavour availability • Vinceremos (0113 257 7545) • Specialist shops (Contact Vinceremos for outlets) price Vinceremos — £26.16 per case (of 24) + £5.95 p&p Specialist shops — £1.09
ECOWARRIOR ABV 4.5% Slightly cloudy because no finings are used. Both the bottled and cask conditioned ale versions are vegan. The London-based micro brewer, Pitfield, welcomes enquiries from landlords. tasting notes An attractive golden beer, sweet malty taste and delicately perfumed hop finish. availability • Pitfield Brewery* (The Beer Shop)
FROACH - HEATHER ALE ABV 5% Heather ale is probably the oldest such drink still brewed. Heather flowers have been used to flavour ale since 2000BC. This particular brew, produced by Heather Ale*, is from an ancient Gaelic recipe and was one of the Campaign for Real Ale's 1997 Beers of the Year. The heather is sustainably wild-picked and infused in
Almost opaque, wonderful silky and smooth with extraordinary depth of flavour. availability
slightly cooled hot ale for one hour before being fermented. The bottled version only is vegan. tasting notes A light amber ale with floral peaty aroma, full malt character, a spicy herbal flavour and dry wine like finish. availability • Oddbins price • Oddbins-£1.65 (500ml) • All Heather Ale bottle beers are vegan. Look out for Alba — Scots Pine Ale, Grozet — Gooseberry & Wheat Ale, and Ebulum — Elderberry Black Ale
• Good independent wine merchants • Some Tesco stores price • Tesco-£1.75 • Other vegan offerings: Famous Taddy Porter, Organic Best Ale, India Ale, Old Brewery Pale Ale, Nut Brown Ale, Imperial Stout, Pure Brewed Lager, Winter Welcome Ale For a more comprehensive list of vegan beers consult the Animal Free Shopper — available from the Vegan Society for £4.95 plus 95p p&p. Credit card orders:
CELEBRATED OATMEAL STOUT ABV 5% Stout was traditionally considered nutritious and prescribed for nursing mothers and athletes! Popular during the 1940s and 50s, it too is undergoing a renaissance. Celebrated Oatmeal Stout is brewed by traditional brewers, Samuel Smith Brewery*, the oldest brewery in Yorkshire. The stout contains malt, cane sugar, roasted barley, yeast, hops, oatmeal — and is clarified with seaweed finings. tasting notes Bitter sweet and silky in texture and a complex medium dry palate, with sharpness coming from the roasted barley.
FROACH CELTIC ALE SET The set contains two 500ml bottles of Froach (heather ale) and a hand-thrown ceramic reproduction of a four thousand year old drinking cup! — and all for just £10.95 (p&p ind). Furthermore, the Vegan Society will receive a £2 donation for every set sold. Send your cheque, payable to 'Heather Ale Ltd', to: Vegan
Offer, Craigmill, Strathaven, Lanarkshire ML 10 6PB.
Vegan first-time-mum, Tammi Wood appreciates the need for knowledge and resolve
recently took my daughter to the
health clinic for her eight-month check up. She passed the hearing tests with flying colours, her manual dexterity surprised us all, and her tippy-toeing around the furniture got a few points too. And then she was weighed . . . The health visitor inhaled sharply. She glanced at the metric to imperial conversion chart, and then at Yemaya's health records. She rechecked the figures and pronounced, "She's dropped a centile." Non-parents reading this may wonder what is so devastating about dropping a centile, and what on earth a centile is, anyway? A centile is the system of measurement the health profession uses to gauge whether your child is gaining a steady weight. Or whether you are, in fact, neglecting and starving your precious charge. So my health visitor would have you think, anyway. "Yes, look, she's dropped right down from between the 75th and 50th, to nearly on the 25th." "Well," I blustered, "She has just recovered from a bout o f sickness and diarrhoea. I'm not surprised she has lost weight." After five days of solidly breast feeding a poorly eight-monthold, I wasn't feeling so hot, either. Her furrowed brow shot towards her hairline when she saw the word 'vegan' in her health notes. " O h , I see you are bringing your daughter up as a vegan," she exclaimed. She made it sound like I was bringing her up as an alien. "Where will she get all her protein from? Young children need lots of it, you know, especially once they are on the move." I began to explain that protein is easily assimilated from foods such as tofu, rice, beans and whole grains. And
what child doesn't like baked beans on toast? I was cut off in my prime by her next question: "And what about calcium, and vitamin B p ? " I had the feeling that she wasn't interested in my answers.
DOUBTS Despite my valiant attempts to triumph the joys of breastfeeding, or the use o f foods containing B , â€ž her power trip made me feel vulnerable and doubtful as to whether I really was doing the best thing for my baby. I'm sure that this woman felt I was practising a particularly N e w Age form of child abuse. It's not just the health visitors who give me this feeling. At her first birthday party I caught an indulgent auntie slipping chocolate buttons into Yemaya's mouth. Later on the same day, I noticed her perched on her granny's knee, being surreptitiously force fed jacket potato and cheese. Some o f my relatives seem to repudiate the fact that a varied vegan wholefood diet can provide all the nutrients required for a healthy body, for a lifetime. They like lard.
They like lard
BETTER PREPARED So after returning home and getting the baby off to bed, I began to look through all my old copies o f The Vegan. I read the Society's A Practical Guide to Veganism During Pregnancy and Throughout Childhood, and studied Michael Klaper's book Pregnancy, Children and the Vegan Diet. I had all the information at my fingertips, the nutritional requirements; health benefits; high incidence o f dairy
allergy in babies leading to secondary health problems, such as eczema, ear infections and colic. Dairy products actually inhibit the absorption o f iron and lead to blood loss from the digestive tract. Even that renowned childcare expert Dr Benjamin Spock advocated a vegan diet for children after he made radical changes to his own diet. W h y was I letting the ignorance o f one person cloud what I knew to be right, and a knowledge that was backed up with medical evidence from around the globe? My daughter's drop in weight was obviously due to her recent illness. Even so, I pushed more food into her mouth the following week than she knew where to throw. Subsequently, I ate more leftovers that week than since I was a student. The following Thursday, I trotted dutifully along to the clinic, with Yemaya tucked under one arm and her health records under the other. As we entered the examining room, I saw it was the locum on duty. I undressed the baby, put her on the scales and the digital numbers flashed onto the screen. I felt like I had won the jackpot. " O o o h , haven't you done well, you little porker?" And to me, she added, "That was just a bit o f a blip last week, wasn't it? Her weight is right back on line." O f course, I knew all along that there was nothing wrong with my baby's weight gain. But health professionals have a knack of making quivering jellies out o f intelligent women â€” especially my particular breed: the first-time mum. When my daughter was born, a friend wrote a word o f warning in her congratulations card: ' N e v e r trust the suits'. Sometimes, I'm inclined to agree with her.
Grow Vegan Vegan-organic gardener, Maggie Dunn roots about for vitamin B12
eports that plants do not contain
GROW VEGAN PUZZLER W h a t p e r c e n t a g e o f soil b a c t e r i a is i n v o l v e d in t h e p r o d u c t i o n of vitamin B12? a) 7 % b) 7 0 % c) 7 0 0 % Write your answer on a postcard, with your name and address, and post to:
Grow Vegan Puzzler, The Vegan, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, by 25 July 1999. The sender of the first correct entry drawn will receive a copy of the Vegan Society's latest video, Soundbites. The answer to the last Puzzler was Autumn Bliss. Congratulations to C Savell from Hants, w h o wins a copy of
Cooking with PET A.
any B p and, if it is present, it is down to simple surface contamination are common. However, in recent years the cutting edge of plant research has challenged this view. 70% of soil bacteria is involved in the production of vitamin B , , . (At 15g kg-1, soil is a rich B,, source.) B12 appears to play no direct role in plant metabolism, although cobalt, a constituent of this vitamin, is essential for nitrogen fixing. In 1992, a study using water culture examined the transportation of B p to plant shoots of soya beans. Transport to the plant shoots was very rapid. At a high level o f B p concentrate the soya plant leaves developed red coloured spots, which implied that the B n (the 'red vitamin') had been transported intact. Foliar-applied B p was not transported to any degree to other parts of the plant. The content of B ( , in the fully expanded unifoliate leaves was always higher than in the trifoliate leaves. Stem tissues showed the lowest B f , content of all plant parts. In 1994, further studies were carried out measuring the B ( , content of soya bean, barley seed and spinach leaves when soils were amended with either pure B p or (animal) manure. Whatever the B,, source, significantly increased levels were found in the barley kernels (3 times) and spinach leaves (34 times). An increase was found in the soya beans but it was considered statistically insignificant. A crop rotation in which maize occupied a large share was noted to decrease the B p content in soil when compared with other rotations. Microbial decomposition of vitamins can take place during the composting of plant material and research in this area suggests that
plant roots may transport the whole B,2-complexing protein by their roots. Researchers suggest that previous reports of little o r n o H p being present in plants could actually be the result of inaccurate detection methods rather that an absence of the vitamin itself. As a point of interest, recent studies have used a more accurate radioisotope dilution (RID) technique, which differentiates B12 analogues from active B n . In a 1997 paper, one of the researchers in this field, plant nutritionist, A Mozafar, considered the controversy and debate the new B12 research had created. Reiterating and supporting the findings, he concluded that most (if not all) of the vitamin BI3 found in the leaves and seeds of plants must have been taken up by their roots. Mozafar observed:
References • Mozafar A. Enrichment of some Bvitamins in plants with application of organic fertilisers. Plant and Soil 167:305-311, 1994. • Mozafar A, Oertli J J. Uptake of a microbially-produced vitamin (B12) by soybean roots. Plant and Soil 139: 23-30, 1992. • Mozafar A. Is there vitamin B ]2 in plants or not? A plant nutritionist's view. Vegetarian Nutrition: An InternationalJournal 1/2 (1997) 50-52.
Skeletons in the Tool Shed (Ethical Consumer, Feb/Mar 1999) investigates the connection between garden tool-producing companies and key consumer concerns. The profiles of the companies include their connections (or not) with Whether the amount of vitamin Bl2 environmental pollution, animal present in various plantfoodsconsumed by testing, factory farming, people on a vegetarian diet is enough to oppressive regimes, armaments coif r their needs is difficult to judge, and genetic engineering. espedally since not much is known about One thing that caught my eye: the numerous analogues of this vitamin in Did you know that using a soil and their relative absorption by plants petrol-driven . mower for one . . in recent years, human nutritionists hour generates emissions drawing on older literature, were convincedequivalent to those generated by of the complete lack of vitamin Bl2 in all a (US-size) car driven for fifty plantfoodsand have paid little attention to miles?! Electric mowers use one the role plant roots may play as a pathwayquarter the energy and do not in bringing vitamin Bl2 produced by generate exhaust emissions. micro-organisms (in the soil and in the Hand-driven mowers are, of digestive tracts of animals)fromthe soil to course, vastly more eco-friendly. the dining table. The latest designs are very easy to What conclusions can we draw from the 'new' research? It certainly doesn't mean we can now consider plants to be useful and reliable sources of vitamin B l : . In any case, the levels of B12 absorbed and detected in plants would very much depend on B12 soil concentration. However, the research does highlight the fact that the subject is far from clear cut and further study is required.
push — so don't be put offby memories of that heavy, rusty old thing from your childhood (if, like me, you are that old!). Contact info: ECR.4 Publishing. Unit 21, 41 Old Birley St, Manchester M15 5RF. Tel 0161 226 2929. Fax 0161 226 6277. E-mail
JULY 4 International Day for Captive Dolphins. Info: Cetacea 01747
Hall, Church Rd, Hove, E Sussex, 10am-5pm. Info: Justice
for Animals, 01403 782925 18-23 European Vegetarian Union Congress, Widnau, Switzerland. Info: 2 4 Action Against Animal-to-Human Transplants — world record ring-aroses attempt and campaigns fair. Info: Uncaged,
Shamrock Farm National Demo, Henfield Rd, Small Dole, W Sussex, noon. Info: 01273
Aug Vegan Camp, Chy-an Cultural Ctre, The Old Quarry, Jobs Water, Halvasso, Penryn, Cornwall TRIO 9BY. Info: 0191 262 8844
See also Vegan Society Local Contacts, p 26)
Summer Animal Fair, Hove Town
LOCAL GROUPS (When writing, send SAE.
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ACCOMMODATION • Hither Barn Star La, Claverdon, Warwick CV35 8LW 01926 842839 10% • Maddison Farm Long Load, nr Langport, Somerset TA10 9LA 01458 241336 5% (B&B) • Plas Madoc Vegetarian Guest House 60 Church Walks, Llandudno, Gwynedd LL30 2HL 01492 876514 10% • Roydon Hall off Seven Mile La, E Peckham, nrTonbridge, KentTN12 5NH 01622 812121 5%(2nights), 10%(3 nights+) • Trericket Mill Vegetarian Guest House, Bunk House 8> Camping Erwood, Builth Wells, Powys LD2 3TQ 01982 560312 5% (2 nights), 10% (3 nights+) MISCELLANEOUS • Vegetarian Match Makers Concord House 7 Waterbridge Court, Appleton, Warrington, Cheshire W A 4 3BJ 01925
RESTAURANTS • Nutmeg Wholefoods 34 Station Rd, S Josforth, Newcastle-on-Tyne NE3 1QD 0191 213 0496 5% (Weds) • T o w n House The, 15 Narrowgate, Alnwick, Northumberland NE66 1JH 01665 606336 10% (food) • V1 Vegetarian Fast Food 7 Hounds Gate, Nottingham NG1 7AA 0115 941 5121 10% • Wild Thyme Cafe Rainbow Ctre, 88 Abbey St, Derby 01332 298185 10% • Y e Olde Oyster House 291 Locksway Rd, Milton, Portsmouth P04 8LH 01705 82745620% (bar meals) SHOPS Sam Sweiry Organic Choice No. 69 Market Hall, Charter PI, Watford, Herts
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Reviews Genetically Engineered Foods
Buddhism and Animals
Dr Tony Page
Natural Law Party
£10.00, VHS(PAL) video, 30 mins
This is clearly a well-edited summary of a much
Experts present the serious risks
longer conference organised by the Natural Law
BUDDHISM AND ANIMALS A BUDDHIST VISION OF HUMANITY'S RIGHTFUL RELATIONSHIP W I T H THE A N I M A L K I N G D O M
If I am going to review this book from the beginning then
Party. The speakers are: Dr Michael Antoniou;
I must be honest about the cover! I know it should not make any
British N L P spokesman Dr Geoffrey Clements;
difference, but anyone involved in the marketing o f b o o k s will know
Whole Earth Foods boss Craig Sams;
only too well that it does. With its plain, bright yellow cover and
international N L P spokesman Dr Rheinhard
heavy black text, it looks more like a catalogue o f washing machine
Borowitz; and Patrick Holden o f the Soil
T h e content o f Buddhism and Animals though is very interesting.
Michael Antoniou is a professional in this area, working within closed systems,
Dr Page has obviously put a lot of time into research, especially with
but strongly opposed to the release of G M crops into the environment. He argues
regards to what the Buddha himself had to say on such issues as
that G M crops are neither necessary nor desirable, and may prove harmful. Craig
vegetarianism. However, I am not sure o f the market — or should I
Sams argues that G M foods are not only a food safety issue but also a human
say reader? — at which D r Page is aiming. If he intends it to be a
rights issue. Patrick Holden argues that the alleged benefits of G M crops apply
reference book for academic studies, then I think the book will go on
only to unsustainable systems based on monocultures and high fertiliser and
to be a much used — or even classic — in its field.
pesticide inputs and that, in the long run, crop rotation and organic husbandry will outperform chemical farming — and will have no use for G M crops.
T h e time and effort that has gone into this book suggests the author feels very strongly about the issues o f vivisection and animal
The two N L P speakers start ofFby reviewing some of the actual and possible
rights. M y only fear, though, is that with so many references and
undesirable aspects of G M crops, which they do well, but then go on into what
quotes attributed to early Pali texts being included it does run the
seems, to my rationalist mind, mumbo-jumbo!
risk o f talking to the head rather than the heart! After all, it was
Michael Antoniou probably speaks for everyone when he quotes the wellknown saying, 'If it ain't broken — don't fix it!'.
several hundred years after the Buddha's death that anything he said was actually written down. Maybe Dr Page should just have written
The video makes no attempt to present both sides of the argument but, after all, it does not pretend to be anything but anti-GM propaganda — so that's fair enough!
down his own thoughts on the matter — he appears well-endowed in the compassion department! One other shortfall with the book was in the area o f
If anyone is expecting Genetically Engineered Foods to explain what genetic
recommended societies. Where, for instance, was the Vegan Society?
engineering is all about, they will be disappointed — a fair bit of prior knowledge
And as for the Buddhist Society, well I phoned them up while I was
is necessary to understand the arguments.
writing this review to ask what the Buddhist view was on
As the video consists entirely of talking heads — admittedly very competent
vegetarianism and was told that Buddhists do not have a view on
talking heads — 1 am not quite sure why the N L P has produced it in video —-
vegetarianism! T h e lady then went on to say that in Tibet you can't
rather then book — form.
grow anything at all so you have to kill animals. That probably
Ifyou already have an interest in this subject, I doubt you will leani anything
explains why, when I visited a Tibetan Buddhist centre in Cumbria
new, but you may be able to draw on the arguments put forward, and use them
one Christmas, everyone but me was having turkey with all the
trimmings! It must be very hard to grow anything in Cumbria . . .
Genetically Engineered Foods is available from: NLP, Mentmore Towers, Mentmore,
Buddhism and Animals is available from: UK A VIS, PO Box 4746,
Bucks LU7 OQH 01296662211
London SE11 4XF
George D R o d g e r
Chris B u r r o w s
ALSO ON THE EDITOR'S D E S K . . . G M Free — Keeping Y o u r Life & Environment Free o f Genetically
The N e w Vegan*
Amanda Grant, Metro, pbk, 208pp, £9.99. Cookbook
K H I Publications, magazine, 24pp, tnal issue £3 (p&p incl) from:
Publications, Beacon House, Woodley Park, Skelmersdale, Lanes WN8
W h a t Does Buddhism Say About Animals? Dr T o n y Page, U K A V I S , booklet, 31 pp, £2.00 (p&p incl). Drawn from
Buddhism & Animals. Available from .see above G M Free — a Shopper's Guide to Genetically M o d i f i e d Food Sue Dibb & Dr T i m Lobstein, Virgin Publishing, pbk, 195pp, £4.99
H o w to Avoid G M Food
C h r i s B u r r o w s (Rev Shingen) is a Buddhist teacher and vegan
Joanna Blythman, Fourth Estate Publishing, pbk, £4.99
G e o r g e D R o d g e r is a Vegan Society Council Member
Items appearing on this page are available from the Vegan Society only if indicated with *. See pages 28-29 t o order
ctlebration\ of changing attitudes to animals
Books by Post
Animal Century Mark Gold. Key events and players behind our changing attitudes to animals £12.99 Animal Liberation Peter Singer. 2nd edition [Pimlico] of the bible of the modern animal rights movement £ 10.00 Animal Liberation: A Graphic Guide Lori Gruen, Peter Singer & David Hine. A powerfully illustrated introduction to the subject £4.95 Animal Rights — Extending the Circle of Compassion Mark Gold. Animal rights: the philosophy, principles, history and prospects £7 99 Animals, Politics & Morality Robert Garner. An assessment of moral issues, philosophical claims, the modern animal protection movement and strategies employed £14.99 The Dreaded Comparison: H u m a n and Animal Slavery Marjorie Spiegel. A penetrating study loaded with shocking comparisons of human and animal slavery, of racism and speciesism £3.95 Silent Ark Juliet Gellatley. A personal story of discovery of the meat and dairy industries £6.99
Abundant Living in the Coming A g e of the Tree Kathleen Jannaway. Towards a vegan, tree-based culture £2.00 Compassion: The Ultimate Ethic (An Exploration of Veganism) Victoria Moran. An examination of the history and philosophy of the vegan movement £4.95 McLibel — Burger Culture on Trial (2nd ed) John Vidal. The story of the epic legal battle between McDonalds's and two campaigners £5.99 The Realeat Encyclopedia of Vegetarian Living Peter Cox. Despite the title, principally vegan in content. Includes 300 international vegan recipes £16.99 (Hdbk) Vegan — the N e w Ethics of Eating (US) Erik Marcus. Disregard the American bias, this is riveting and inspiring reading £10.99 Why V e g a n Kath Clements. A simple and straightforward exposition of the case for veganism £6.95
Fresh arid exciting recipe? '' for a healthy lifestyle
COOKBOOKS The Absolutely Animal-Free Cookbook Wendy Turner. Straightforward yet sumptuous recipes for the time-strapped vegan £9.99 A n Allergy Cookbook Patricia Carter. Recipes free of animal products, chocolate, salt, sugar, baking powder, wheat and cornflour £6.55 CalciYum! (Can) David & Rachelle Bronfman. 120 calcium-rich vegan recipes. Table of calcium values. 16 pages of colour photographs £9.95 Cooking with PETA (US) PETA. 200+ recipes with tips and nutrition 'per serving' breakdowns. Lay-flat binding £11.99 Cook V e g a n Richard Youngs. A tempting mix of simple and imaginative recipes by The Vegan's cookery writer £6.99 Green Gastronomy Colin Spencer. Gourmet vegan recipes arranged by season £9.99 Nonna's Italian Kitchen Bryanna Clark Grogan (CAN). Take a trip through the history and regions of Italian (vegan) cuisine. Lay-flat binding £17.99 The N e w V e g a n Amanda Grant. Fun and modern recipes by Cosmopolitan magazine's Food Editor £9.99 The Single V e g a n Leah Leneman. This is the book to persuade you that
it really is 'worth the bother' for one £5.99 Rainbows & Wellies Jackie Redding & Tony Weston. An unusual and enchanting cookbook offering recipes for 14 nights of six person vegan dinner parties at Taigh na Mara Vegetarian Guest House in the Scottish Highlands £74.95 (Hdbk) Simply Vegan (2nded) (US) Debra Wasserman. Includes 70-page nutrition section and recipe nutrient breakdowns £7 7.99 The Vegan Cookbook (2nd ed) Alan Wakeman & Gordon Baskerville. 200 richly varied and carefully graded recipes, ranging from the quick and simple right through to the unashamedly gourmet £7.99 Vegan Cooking Eva Batt. More than 300 simple, nourishing and economical recipes. A classic £6.99 Vegan Dinner Parties Linda Majzlik. Imaginative and inspiring and good value at just £5.00 Vegan Feasts Rose Elliot. An innovative mix of quick and easy recipes — both modern and wellestablished £6.99 The Vegan Gourmet (US) Susann GeiskopfHadler & Mindy Toomay. Delicious and imaginative vegan cuisine with recipe nutrient breakdowns £8.99 The Vegan Kitchen Mate (Aus) David Horton. 100 simple recipes, complete with kitchen tips £3.25 V e g a n Vittles (US) Joanne Stepaniak. Lay-flat binding cookbook with advice for new and would-be vegans £9.99
HOME & GARDEN Forest Gardening Robert A de J Hart. 2nd edition of the vegan guide to creating a food-producing forest garden £70.95 Plants For a Future Ken Fern. Describes the creation of ecosystems containing edible plants that can be grown in Britain. 344pp, 47 colour and b&w photos £16.95
NUTRITION & HEALTH 10 Days to Better Health Kirsten Hartvig & Dr Nic Rowley. A veganbased health restoration programme £8.99 Foods That Cause You to Lose Weight (US) Neal Barnard MD. An American vegan doctor explains how choosing certain vegan foods leads to, and sustains long-term weight loss £70.99 Pregnancy,
Children & the Vegan Diet (US) Michael Klaper MD. A practical guide to ensuring health and balance throughout pregnancy and to raising healthy children on a 100% animalfree diet £7.95 Vegan Nutrition Gill Langley MA PhD MIBiol. The most comprehensive survey of scientific research on vegan diets. Includes key points, easy-to-follow tables, chapters on all major nutrients and section on vegan mothers and children £8.95 Vegan Nutrition: Pure & Simple (US) Michael Klaper MD. A practical guide showing how sound vegan diets can satisfy all the body's needs and play a major role in the prevention and treatment of many degenerative diseases £7.95
REFERENCE The Animal-Free Shopper The Vegan Society. Popular shopping guide for those wishing to buy goods which are free of animal ingredients and involve no animal testing. Includes product listing sections — Food, Drink, Toiletries & Cosmetics etc; useful addresses; and information on animal substances and additives £4.95 Food For Free Richard Mabey. The wild food forager's bible — details of over 240 edible berries, nuts, fungi and leaves £9.99 The Pocketbook of Animal Facts & Figures Barry Kew. All the information you need — at your fingertips £6.99The Vegan Passport George Rodger. What vegans eat (and don't eat!) in 38 languages £2.99 The Vegan Travel Guide (UK & Southern Ireland) The Vegan Society. Places to stay; places to eat. £4.95
VERSE Talking Turkeys Benjamin Zephaniah. Fun poems by the
presenter of Truth or Dairy £4.99 A number of titles lack a vegan perspective but have nevertheless been included on the basis of their informativeness or practical value • Ring 01424 427393 for Vegan Society publications & merchandise catalogue • Order form opposite
THE VEGAN Prize Crossword
Send in a photocopy (or original) of the solution t o this crossword, together with your name and address, by 25 July copy of Animal
1999 and you'll be entered in a draw f o r a
Solution in the next issue.
Congratulations t o Lynn Davis, sender of the first correct solution t o Vegan
Compiled by Kate Sweeney
Prize Crossword 15 t o be drawn.
Crushed with the teeth (6) Nourishment (4) Used t o protect growing vegetables from pests (3) 9 Aromatic seed used f o r seasoning Indian dishes (8) 10 Produced by cross-breeding (6) 11 Tall, thin mushroom with grape-like flavour (5) 13 Bean curd stew (4,9) 16 Makes (tea or beer) (5) 17 Boil slowly (6) 19 Flavoured condiments (8) 20 Lettuce with long leaves (3) 21 Food served (4) 22 Not densely planted (6) 1 6 8
Bee cells (9) Kind of chestnut or biscuit (5) Cut into cubes (5) Cultivated plots of land (7) Taste (7) Chinese steamed dumplings (3,3) These can sometimes be treated with alternative medicine (9) Kitchen tool (7) Baths in a green liqueur flavoured with w o r m w o o d and aise ( A n a g ) (7) Edges or unit tops (5) Fine c o f f e e (5) See 7
2 3 4 5 6 7/1! 12 14 15
17 18 19
Name Address pajjEia6psMttdoi6l dn3B3i£1 lajeiaj 91 nojjejvi s6ui||i-iEU^N 6aBejois9 ueaq A/\efg S j3pje~I v 3uoa £ SIEUJIUY 2 dn V O I — UMOQ :ss|na u dn s|eas 9z psj-ujco sz PZ iweis iz >(33i or 10a 81 3|«CAASl eisscj n eai Ji qj3 H 11 JP3D 01 U!A 8 J3uuiqj_ t sueSuoi t PJBIQ L — ssojDtf :S 1 pjoMssoo BZUej ue6a/\ ai/i oj uojinjos
Post c o d e
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Postbag Contributions to Postbag are welcomed, but accepted on the understanding that they may be edited in the interests of brevity or clarity. S e n d y o u r l e t t e r s to: The Editor, Postbag, 'The Vegan', Donald W a t s o n House, 7 Battle Road, S t L e o n a r d s - o n - S e a , E a s t S u s s e x TN37 7AA, UK. Fax 01424 717064. E - m a i l
• STAR LETTER •
Nick Savage suggests chocolate is a wholesome f o o d (Food of the Gods, Spring 1999 Vegan); unfortunately quite the opposite is true. Chocolate contains theobromine, a harmful alkaloid like caffeine — and a cup of cocoa contains as much tannin as a cup of tea. Its natural bitter taste warns of the presence of poisonous substances — such as alkaloids, pyrolysates and oxalic acid. These are masked with sugar, flavourings and oily emulsions to make chocolate palatable. Chocolate can also create addiction and I would like to hear from any readers with addictions to, or problems with chocolate. Konstantin Gotzen Portugal
In M e g a n the V e g a n , a fashion designer chooses M e g a n as a model, describing her as " d i v i n e " because she is "slim". M e g a n puts this d o w n to " a b a n d o n i n g fatty animal products" (Spring 1999 Vegan). I have had w e i g h t problems since childhood and have always had a troublesome relationship w i t h food. M y self confidence has been low and I have felt unattractive and undermined by media i m a g e s of 'slim' w o m e n . I a m n o w an ideal w e i g h t for m y height a n d feel much better about myself — but I still have a s w e e t tooth. I have only been a v e g a n for a f e w months but I a m finding that it can still be high in fat. The message should be that all w o m e n are divine — vegans especially so — and that their b o d y shape doesn't matter. I expect better from The Vegan. Nicola Smith by e-mail Ed. The Megan the Vegan in question was, largely, having a'dig'at the fashion world. It is certainly possible — although not advisable — to consume just as much fat on a vegan diet as a typical 'westernised' omnivorous one. Nicola wins a copy of the New Vegan.
In my view there are t w o main categories of vegan not fully catered for in The Vegan — the animal rights activist and the raw foodist. Probably like most readers, I came to be vegan for ethical rather than health reasons. Whilst there are other organisations covering this area, the Vegan Society tends t o play down the animal rights connection and there is very little, if any, coverage of animal rights activities in The Vegan. Articles on which chocolate to buy, or how to make tofu cheesecake, will be of little appeal t o the many people now turning to raw f o o d . What do other readers think? Brian Jacobs London
NO SMOKE WITHOUT VEGANS?
I am concerned that many people — likely to be vegan — smoke on animal rights demos. Some reasons why vegans shouldn't smoke include: tobacco still being animaltested; (possibly animal-derived) glycerine being used in tobacco processing; the land growing tobacco could be growing food;
the money saved on tobacco could be given to good causes; hunt saboteurs and other activists would be more effective if not hindered by breathlessness; second-hand smoke harms others — and animals; cigarette ends are the most common litter item; smokers are more likely to end up using animal-tested, non-vegan medication t o treat their associated diseases — cancer and heart disease; most of Vegetarian Matchmakers' clients are seeking non-smokers! Lesley Dove Middlesex
ALL FOR ONE
Congratulations on a continually excellent, informative magazine. I do, however, find that Postbag is increasingly becoming a forum for fellow vegans to find fault with one another — or the Vegan Society. There appears to be some rather worrying vegan snobbery emerging whereby you are looked down upon if you patronise certain supermarkets. Nearly all of us shop at supermarkets and they
all sell meat. I would like to shop exclusively at healthfood stores but this is financially impractical and they do not stock all the products I require. For veganism to be credible, all of us need to accept one set of vegan criteria. It already exists: the Vegan Society's 'no animal ingredients' and 'no animal testing' criteria. Let's stop the elitist approach of trying to 'go one better'. Dave Richings Bucks
NOT JUST FOR THE BIRDS
I feel the Spring 1999 Grow Vegan should also have mentioned how dangerous nylon netting can be to hedgehogs. Vegan-organic gardens, with their absence of pesticides (including slug pellets), are more likely to be visited by these creatures. Susan M London Herts
EGG-FREE Here is an excellent egg substitute: simply boil together 4fl oz water and 1 tbsp linseed (flax seed) for 5 minutes. The seeds give a lovely
texture and appearance. And now a request for information. Apparently, Britain's mushroom growers use V4m tonnes of litter from broiler chickens every year (Poultry World, 4.7.97). Which brands are veganfriendly and does buying organic make any difference? Vivien M Dean
GOOD TO HEAR YOU
A recording of The Vegan — to be heard at home on a cassette player — has been a regular part of the National Talking Newspaper and Magazine service for many years. For information contact: The Talking Newspaper Association, National Recording Centre, Heathfield, East Sussex TN21 8DB website: http://www.tnauk.org.uk Ted Davis
THE DEADLINE FOR THE AUTUMN POSTBAG IS 25 JULY
CLASSIFIED Readers are asked to note that advertisers in The Vegan may also offer nonv e g a n products and
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Come along to The 13th Note and experience our delicious home-cooking. There is a 10% discount on food bill for all Vegan Society members. The 13th Note cafe is completely animal/dairy free and is therefore suitable for both vegans and vegetarians.
Opening hrs: Noon—11.45pm V E G A N C A T S ! Animal-free supplement for Food served noon-7pm home-made recipes. In use since 1986. SAE: Vegecat, The Vegati Society, Donald IVatson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex 77V37 7A A, UK. T E M P E H KITS — Make your own delicious, organic protein food — no cholesterol, plenty of vitamin B12. £10 for O R G A N I C V E G E T A R I A N food processor starter and illustrated instruction/recipe book by for sale. Expanding profitable business in return. uun>. micropix.demon.co.uk/tempeli, growth market. IX-von. ,£80.1X10 plus SAV. uk Fax: 01547510317; Middle Trauelly, Bcgmldy, Finance-available. Call 01803 866161. Knighton, Pouys LD7 WW. Rcf: C D 3882. V E G A N FUDGE — ban and gift boxes, as tasted at the National Vegan Festival! From VEGAN HOTEL/COMMUNITY Daisy's Catering— 1(X)% vegan caterers tel O P P O R T U N I T Y . South Devon. Please sec 07050 136179. main advert on page 17. V E G A N M E A L replacement mix. Free Brochure from: U V Roundlodge, Belstead Road, Ipswich IP2 9EH. *20% off for Vegan Readers. Tel 07 957 958 058 (24hrs).
The European Shiatsu School has branches in London & throughout the U K & Europe For prospectus, please send 3 first class stamps to: ESS Central Administration (Dept VE) High Banks. Lockeridge, Nr Marlborough Wilts SN8 4EQ Tel: <)l 672 861362
B R I S T O L Arches Hotel for vegan & vegetarian B&B. Colour T V and beverage making in rooms. Some en-suites. N O N S M O K I N G . Close to central stations. Discount to Vegan Society members at weekends. Tel 0117 924 7398. email: http://www. archeshotel. demoti. co. uk. B U X T O N Culture & countryside; Opera House and National Park; Glenwood Vegan & Vegetarian Guest House. Comfortable, spacious, non-smoking; children welcome. Tel 01298 77690. C O R N W A L L Mount Pleasant Farm B&B/Retreat nr Mevagissey. Organic small holding, rural peace and quiet, one mile from the sea. Vegetarian/Vegan food a speciality. Vegetarian proprietors. En-suite available. Tel 01726 843918. C O R N W A L L Unlivery. Bodmin 5 miles. Stricdy Vegan B&B. Traditional Cornish cottage in quiet rural location; wildlife garden; central for all coasts, moors and nature reserves. En-suite facilities. N o smoking in cottage. 01208872316. D E V O N (Lydford). S/C for N/S visitors at VEGFAM's H Q . SAE to: 'The Sanctuary', Nr Lydford, Okcluvnpton EX20 4AL. Tel/Fax: 01822 820203. D O R S E T Vegan guest house set in A.O.N.b. Coastal walks. Home of alternative healers. Offering courses, alternative treatment of animals. (01297) 678597. H E X H A M Vegan/Vegctanan B/B & evening meals offered in our delightful family home. TV, welcome tray, no smoking, no pets. Close to Hadrian's Wall. £18-^20 B&B. Tel:
ISLE O F W I G H T Quality and luxury selfcatering bungalow. Sleeps 5 adults plus juniors. SAE to "Divya-Krupa", Kemming Road, Whitcwell, P038 2 Q T L I N C O L N S H I R E Comfortable vegan home, NS, offers B&B. EM's by arrangement. Rural location. Close Lincoln coast. Special diets welcome. 01526 861426. N O R F O L K North coast 4 miles. Vegetarian/vegan B&B ensuite accommodation in quiet village. EMs by arrangement. Sorry no children or dogs. 01263 577822. N O R F O L K C O U N T R Y S I D E Charming country hotel Dereham/Swaffham, 20 mins Norwich. Elegant en-suite rooms, superb cuisine including vegetarian and vegan choice. Greenbanks, Wendling. Tel 01362 687742. N O R T H Y O R K S H I R E Comfortable, homely, exclusively vegetarian/vegan B&B from £15 p.p. at Prospect Cottage situated in Inglcton village. Wonderful walking country. Tel 015242 41328.
V E G A N B O D Y B U I L D I N G is possible. Muscles without meat. Prove a point. Free membership, help/advice & contacts. W B B , 17 Inglewood Road, Rainford, St Helens, Lanes WA11 7QL. SAE appreciated.
O R G A N I C B&B South Devon. Vegan, vegetarian, wheat free, ln-house registered iridologist/nutririonist. Colour brochure. Tel/Fax Totnes 01803 867462. R E N E W A B L E E N E R G Y farmhouse.
GREEN/DIY F U N E R A L S Eco-fiiendly inexpensive coffins, memorial tree-planting. Please send L1 in unused stamps with A5 size SAE to Box 328.
holiday lettings, sleeps 8, on vegan-organic farm. North Wales, scenic Snowdonia, among forests and reservoirs. Ideal for cycling, walking, boating, relaxing. Tel: 01244 819088. ST IVES Cornwall. Vegan guest house. Close to beaches and picturesque harbour. En-suite rooms. Self-catering apartment also available. Stjudes, St Ives Road. Carbis Bay, St Ives, Cornwall T R 2 6 2SF. Tel. 01736 795255. S C O T L A N D Achnagonalin House vegan & vegetarian B&B. Peaceful & secluded Speyside. Families welcome. In-house holistic therapies & courses available. Enquiries 01479 873780. S C O T T I S H B O R D E R S , St. Abbs. 'Wheatears' Vegetarian/Vegan Guest-house and self-catering cottage (dinner available). Home grown produce. Tranquil coastal location. Wildlife garden, spectacular cliff walks. £18-rC22pp (018907 71375). S C O T T I S H W E S T C O A S T Treat yourself to breathtaking sunsets. Gulf Stream climate, rugged scenery, gende walks and energetic pastimes. Peaceful haven where vegans/vegetarians are welcome. N/S. Glcndrissaig House By Girvan. Ayr-shire KA26 0HJ. for brochure. S N O W D O N I A Old Rectory Hotel. Maentwrog, 01766 590305. Three acre riverside garden. Main house/budget annexe/s.c. cottage. All en-suite. Infonnal atmosphere, home cooking, vegan & Italian menu. Reduced 2+ nights. Dogs welcome. S O M E R S E T Exclusively vegetarian guest house. All meals vegan. Bordering Devon and Dorset. It is an ideal base for touring, walking or relaxing in our 16di century house. Crewkerne 01460 73112. S O M E R S E T LEVELS B&B. Vegan only. Old farmhouse, walking, cycling, animals. O w n sitting-room. Easter-September inclusive. Telephone 01458 241336. S W A N A G E Dorset. Seashells Vegan & Vegetarian Non Smoking Hotel. Opposite sandy beach. Spectacular hill/coastal walks. Open all year. Tel 01929 422794. W E S T SUSSEX Vegan self-catering in picturesque village. Run by vegans. Magical holidays for 2 in fonner Victorian school. 01798 812574 W H I T B Y B&B. Vcgan/Vegetanan. Organic bread, meusli etc. Quiet location, seven minutes walk from centre and harbour. Lounge and sunny breakfast room. Parking near house. Tea-making facilities. £16 (plus child reductions). Tel 01947 603507. Y O R K Vegetarian/Vegan wholefood, nonsmoking B&B. Comfortable en-suite accommodation. 10 mins walk centre. £18. Mrs Moore. 21 Park Grove, York. 01904 644790.
Final copy date for Autumn 1999:
Cjarlands (juest Jiouse St Ives Cornwall 'Enjoy our VeganA'egetarian "sunshine" breakfast and relax in our cozy I 'ictorian <juest .House. J\finutes walk from town, beaches and coastal walks. 'Tree parking, non-snwking, families welcome.
WEST CORNWALL Exclusively Vegetarian and Vegan Bed & Breakfast
Spacious detached house with spectacular views across open countryside to the sea. Close to village and picturesque Mullion Cove. Rugged coastline and beautiful beaches five minutes away. Comfortable rooms with showers and wash basins. Wholesome and satisfying meals. Optional evening meal. Warm, friendly, family atmosphere. Non-smoking. Open all year. Lanherne Meaver Road, Mullion, Helston, Cornwall TR12 7DN
The V e g a n ,
CORNWALL Exclusively Vegetarian and Vegan Licensed G o u r m e t Guest H o u s e R e l a x and e n j o y the p e a c e a n d natural b e a u t y o f t h e w i l d and r u g g e d n o r t h coast near T i n t a g e l . D i n e by c a n d l e l i g h t w i t h fine w i n e s and h o m e g r o w n o r g a n i c fare.
I S L E OF WIGHT
Vegan Guest House 3 Richmond Place St Ives Cornwall TR26 1JN
m i c h a e l house
— Voted Best Vegan Guest House 1998/V — Beautiful eco-renovated Victorian House. Ocean views, peaceful, minutes from shops, beaches and picturesque harbour 100% animal-free, highly nutritious and delicious, organic food. Special diets catered for. Children wekome From £18 per night. Discounts for Vegan Society members. For brochure/bookings call Simon: 01736 793 895
N E W F O R 1999!!
SHANKLIN ISLE OF WIGHT "BRAMBLES" VEGAN BED & B R E A K F A S T (All rooms en-suite)
T e l 01840 770592
J Quiet Country Hotel g ^ I f w f l f i W ® overlooking beautiful estuary and bird V^jf sanctuary.
Tel: 01643 862289
BOX NUMBERS W h e n r e p l y i n g to a b o x n u m b e r address y o u r e n v e l o p e as f o l l o w s : Box No. The Vegan Society, Donald Watson 7 Battle Road, St
East Sussex TN37
E X M O O R LODGE
Ideal for exploring Exmoor, North & Mid-Devon. En-suite non-smoking rooms. Cordon Vert Hosl. Children and pets welcome, as long as our rescued animals are respected Bargain Breaks Available. Fern Tor, Me$haw( South Molton, Devon EX364NA Tel/Fax: 01769 550339
Offers magnificent sea views from all rooms. Terraced garden bordered by S.W. Coastal Footpath, stream and cliff edge. Sandy Beach. Exclusively vegan/vegetarian & non-smoking. Home cooking, including the bread! Twin en-suite accommodation. Lift. O S ref: S W 783187 F o r b r o c h u r e telephone/fax
5 minutes walk to sandy beaches & town
Fern Tor Vegetarian & Vegan Guest House
Britain's oldest vegetarian/vegan hotel stands in its own grounds close to beaches and unspoilt coastal walks. 'Woodcote', The Saltings, Lelant, St lues, Cornwall Tel. 01736 753147
LIZARD PENINSULA T H E C R O F T , L o w l a n d Lane, Coverack. Cornwall T R 1 2 6 T F
(Dinner available on request)
BLACKPOOL WILDLIFE HOTEL Open all year round Licensed. 100% n o n - m e a t . Small f r i e n d l y h o t e l . (Exclusively vegan/vegetarian. Special diets c a t e r e d f o r — all freshly m a d e . ) N o smoking throughout. S i t u a t e d t w o m i n u t e s from t h e sea. N e a r all t h e a t t r a c t i o n s . P a r k i n g a v a i l a b l e . 39 W o o d f i e l d R o a d , B l a c k p o o l F Y 1 6 A X . T e l . 01253 346143.
F i n a l c o p y d a t e f o r A u t u m n 1999: 25 July
Castle Acre, Norfolk Vegan B&B
Exclusively V e g a n & V e g e
in o u r large 18th c e n t u r y h o m e
The Old Post Office Llanigon,
CHAPEL STREET, E X F O R D S O M E R S E T TA24 7PY Relax in the heart of Exmoor National Park and enjoy the beautiful surroundings. N o smoking. Exclusively vegetarian and vegan food. Most rooms en-suite, all with tea/coffee facilities.
~SEAPOINT~ E X M O O R N A T I O N A L P A R K Comfortable Edwardian guest house with spectacular views across Porlock Bay and set in the heart of Exmoor's wild heather moorland. Delicious traditional vegetarian and vegan cuisine, fine wines. Log fires. Candlelit dinners. Luxurious bedrooms, all en-suite. ETB 2 crowns Highly commended A A 3 Q Rccominended 2 day break Nov-Feb incl ~ £49 pp/DB&B
A b u n d a n t wildli surrounds this cottage in rural East Sussex; ideal for walkii relaxing; weel or longer breaj exclusively vi vegetarian B & B; N o n smoking, ensuh facilities, guest loui E - O I S Z S
a d j a c e n t to t h e castle ruins in picturesque medieval conservation village. V e g a n evening meals a speciality! F r o m j£16.50pppn.
B E E C H M O U N T
SA WHEY, AMBLESIDE, CUMBRIA LA22 OLB
Vegetarian/vegan B&B, delightful country house accommodation. Situated in Beatrix Potter's picturesque village with its olde worlde inn, 2 miles from Hawkshead, Lake Windermere (car ferry) 2 miles. Delicious breakfast, lovely bedrooms. Superb lake/country views. For brochure tel.
A very special, distinctly different. I Itb century listed bouse at tbefootof the Black Mountains. Only two miles from tbe famous book town of Hay-on-lVye. Separate guests sitting room, lovely bedrooms & relaxed atmosphere. Exclusively vegetarianA/egan From Tel: 01497 82000X £17 pp
C o m e and enjoy
Freephone: 0800 298 5505 http://www.SmoothHound.co.uk/hotels/edengrn.html
W h e n replying to an advertisement please m e n t i o n that y o u saw it in
S u m m e r
Tel: 0 1 2 7 3 - 6 0 1 2 0 3 Fax: 01273-621 973
PERTHSHIRE Glenrannoch H o u s e Vegetarian/ Vegan
PLUS" FOX COTTAGE SELF-CATERING
V e g a n ,
F i n a l c o p y d a t e f o r A u t u m n 1999:
2 Rooms. 4 miles south of Kendal. South Lakes. Strictly no smoking. Children very welcome. Good local walks & marvellous vegan food!
T h e
1 9 9 9
Relax in our spacious comfortable house overlooking Loch Rannoch and Schiehallion. Log fires, own organic produce. Homemade organic breads, spccial diets catered for. Brochure: Richard or Margaret Legate. Glenrannoch House, Kinloch Rannoch, Perthshire PHI6 5QA Tel
memories of a more gracious age. V e g a n s w i l l particularly a p p r e c i a t e the organic and farm-fresh local produce.
S e d g w i c k , K e n d a l , C u m b r i a , L A 8 OJP
Europe's most c o n s e r v a t i o n areas,
varied and imaginative cuisine using
V E G E T A R I A N / V E G A N
S t f i'buff GUEST
JL m. in the heart of the Highlands Mouthwatering vegan cuisine (vegetarian and traditional also available) at our house on the hill, with its breathtaking views of the Cairngorm Mountains. Winner of The Vegetarian Menu of the Year 'Highly Commended' award. Non-smoking STB 3 Crowns Highly Commended For brochure call Jan at Boat of Garten Tel: (01479) 831614
Brighton. Marine Parade,
EDEN GREEN, KESWICK
t h e flair a n d s t y l e
NORTH Y O R K S
INVERNESS-SHIRE C h a r m i n g Victorian guest house with every comfort. Ideally located for t o w n a n d fell walks. Lovely rooms, s o m e en-suite & w i t h m o u n t a i n views. T e m p t i n g a n d plentiful breakfasts * 100% Vegetarian a n d V e g a n * * Christmas & Millennium Packages * Eden Green Vegetarian Guest House,
Phone Jon or Claire for details on
HOLIDAYS ABROAD C E V E N N E N S / F R A N C E Mountainside, bio-vegan gardens and food. Cottages s/catering or halfboard. Contact: Zengaffinen Rabies. F48240 St Privat-de-Vallongue. Tel: (00 33) 4 66 45 01 27. K E R A L A . S O U T H I N D I A . A vegan's paradise. Range o f accommodation including self-catering. Brochure: Tel: 01892 722440. Tel/Fax: 01892 724249. e-mail: web site: kvralaconiuxt. co. uk. M O J A C A R , unspoilt Almcna, Spain. O n the beach two Apartments each with 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, two-storey small complex, guitarshaped pool. Available all year round. Tel 0181 866 6804. M O R O C C O House/Apartments to let in walled city ofTarondannt close to Hig^i Atlas
PjSfcft C a s s e r e s
Introducing... SPIRITUAL VEGANISM VEGANS —
Come And Go As You Please
If, in a religious context, you believe in "something" why not call yourself a Spiritual Vegan?
( auras Cottage, En-suite rooms with own entrance. TV. lea making. Sua loaage/dining room. Only Vegetarian/Vegan brt»kf»sts/dinners served. Peaceful rural setting. pub. (hop. f O . 10 mint walk. Cycle hire, riding, mountain walking. Nearby historic KHmallock. Easy drive to Kiiaraey, Cork. Limerick. Galway. Atlantic coast, aad Shannon Lakes. relax in secluded lawns aad orgaaic kitchen garden. Brochure and booking details
00 353 63 98926
Final copy date for A u t u m n 1999:
25 July L g BRAGIER! L ' EXPERIENCE V E G A N Exclusively vegetarian and vegan guesthouse in an unexploited "region authentique' offering a high standard o f comfort and hospitality ensuring a relaxing and informal holiday. All bedrooms are en-suite. Our internationally acclaimed imaginative cuisine is freshly cooked each evening using our o w n organic produce. W e have an extended range o f vegan and vegetarian wines. Generous discounts to members o f the Vegan/Vegetarian Societies.
For 1999 brochure tel
D O C M A R T E N boots ftom Vegetarian Shoes. Cherry red. Size 7. Brand new. Still boxed. Unwanted present. £49.50 O N O . Tel 01453 547986. E D E N F E L L O W S H I P vegan Christians, bible-based Christians offering support & friendship to Christians feeling isolated because o f their veganism. c/o 59 Chapel Road, Ramsgate, Kent C T 1 1 OBS. Tel 01843 1
B C M Cuddle. L o n d o n W C 1 V 6 X X enclosing an SAE and sating your gender
RATES AND CONDITIONS All prices inclusive o f V A T Loyalty discount (repeat advertising): 10% Box N o : (per insertion) £2.00 extra Lineage Commercial: £6.60 for 20 words (minimum) Additional words: 39p each Non-commercial: £4.50 for 20 words (minimum) Additional words: 25p each Copy o f Vegan in which ad appears: £\.95 Semi-display (boxed) Commercial: £7.26 per single column centimetre Non-commercial: £4.95 per single column centimetre Typesetting: £5.00 Graphic scanning. £5.00 Spot colour (green): £5.00 Display (non-classified boxed) & Inserts Please ring for a rate card. Advertising Manager: Jenny Sawyer
or write to:
Patricia Cooke, 'Le Bragier'. Chez Robinet, 16450 SaintClaud, France
Member of ihc Vegetarian Society Food and Drink Guild
and Anti-Atlas Mountains. High standard kitchens and bathrooms. Spacious, traditional decorations and furnishings. Ideal for families or groups. Reasonable rates. Brochure.
MAILORDER D A Y D R E A M Exclusive vegan hand made cosmetics and recycled stationary. 102 Sunnybank Road, Mirfield, West Yorkshire WF14 OJS Tel 01924 491624.
PUBLICATIONS A H I M S A . Quarterly magazine o f the American Vegan Society. Veganism, Natural Living, Reverence for Life. Calendar Year subscription £12. Address: PO Box H, Malaga, NJ 08328, USA. C A R I B B E A N C O O K B O O K for vegans, £3.00 inc p&p, cheques payable to 30 Wynter Street, London SW11 2 T Z .
THE VEGETARIAN CHARITY Funds are available to help young vegetarians/vegans, up to the age of 25, who are in need and to educate young people in the principles of vegetarianism. Applications to: The Grants Secretary, THE VEGETARIAN CHARITY 14 Winters Lane Ottery St Mary EX11 1AR
email@example.com. P Y R E N E E S Vegan N S B & B in 102-yearold stone farmhouse. From Spring 1999: En-suite £75 pppw/Non en-suite £65 or £60 pppvv. (Evening meal including organic wine £6.00). Trevor + Sue, Le Guerrat, 09420 Rimotu, France. Tel 05-61-96-37-03 (eves). W E S T C O R K Self-catering apartments for singles, couples and families in peaceful wooded surroundings. Organic vegetables, bread and vegan wholefoods available. Reasonable rates. Green Lodge, Trawnamadree, Ballylickey, Bantry, C o Cork Tel 00 353 2766146 website
C O N T A C T C E N T R E is a caring, so l o w fees friendship agency, quite different from all others catering exclusively for vegans and vegetarians both in Britain and abroad f o r any purposes. C O N T A C T C E N T R E enables you to choose friend(s) from detailed adverts and/or to write an advert yourself w i t h o u t disclosing your name and address. C O N T A C T C E N T R E gives fixll scope to your individual wishes; y o u don't even have to complete a f o r m . Instead a friendly ear is lent to every member. A s w e cannot tell all in this advertisement, please write for membership details from:
Pre-payment please by cheque or postal order made payable to 'The Vegan Society'. Eire and overseas: Payment must be by sterling cheque drawn on an British bank or by sterlittg International Money Order. PUBLICATION DATES March, June, September, December C O P Y DATES 25Jan, 25 April. 25July. 18 October C O N D I T I O N S OF ACCEPTANCE Advertisements are accepted subject to their satisfying the condition that the products advertised are entirely free from ingredients derived from animals; that neither products nor ingredients have been tested on animals; and that the content of such ads does not promote, or appear to promote, the use of non-vegan commodities. Books, records, tapes etc. mentioned in advertisements should not contain any material contrary to vegan principles. Advertisements may be accepted from catering establishments that are not run on exclusively vegan lines, provided that vegan meals arc available and that the wording o f such ads reflects this. The submission of an advertisement is deemed to warrant that the advertisement does not contravene any Act of Parliament, nor is it in any other way illegal or defamatory or an infringement'of any other party's rights or an infringement of the British Code o f Advertising Practice. The Vegan Society reserves the right to refuse or withdraw any advertisement. Although every care is taken, the Vegan Society cannot accept liability for any loss or inconvenience incurred as a result of errors in the wording, or the late or nonappearance o f an advertisement.
BOX NUMBERS When replying to a box number address your envelope asfollows:Box No. , The l egan Society, Donald IVatson House, 7 Battle Road, Sr
A K I N D H O M E is needed for two feral neutered cats. Very timid with people. Lark Lane Animal Rescue needs your help. T e l . Liverpool (0151) 263 0658.
When replying to an advertisement please mention that you saw it in
Final copy date for A u t u m n 1999:
The V e g a n ,
BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT MANAGER Print/New Media - London c . £ 2 2 k
P r o m o t i n g w a y s o f living w h i c h are free o f animal products - for
Design communications company going places,
the b e n e f i t o f people, animals
a n d the environment
M a n a g e r to e x p a n d corporate a n d charity client
S O C I E T Y
base. M i n i m u m 2 years experience plus proven
WHERE THERE'S A WILL THERE'S A WAY
ability to win a n d develop n e w business. C h a r i t y c l i e n t list i n c l u d e s : T h e V e g a n
A n i m a l Aid, B U A V , C h i l d l i n e , R S P B a n d W S P A .
S e n d full C.V. plus covering letter to:
T h e r e must be many readers w h o w o u l d like to offer financial support to the V e g a n Society's unique work but
Taylor M c K e n z i e D e s i g n
5 8 Charlotte Road, London E C 2 A 3 Q G
have limited means at their disposal. T h e r e is, however, an easy w a y o f helping regardless o f present circumstances — by including a legacy to the Society in your will. Great or
CALLING AUTHORS & ARTISTS
small such legacies can make a real and enduring contribution to the p r o m o t i o n o f v e g a n ideals. For those w h o w o u l d like to make a bequest to the Society the f o l l o w i n g f o r m o f words is suggested:
T h e Editor invites authors, artists and cartoonists to submit material for possible publication in The Vegan. Fees negotiable.
I bequech to The Vegan Society, Registered Charity no. 279228. presently at Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road. St Leonards-on-Sea, Ease Sussex TN37 7AA, UK, che sum of£_ ,and declare that the receipt of the Treasurer or other authorised officer of the said Society shall be good and sufficient discharge of such legacy.
W r i t e to: R i c h a r d Farhall, E d i t o r , The Vegan, D o n a l d W a t s o n H o u s e , 7 Battle R o a d , St L e o n a r d s - o n - S e a , East Sussex T N 3 7 7 A A , U K . To ensure return of your work please enclose an SAE
CLASSIFIED ORDER FORM P l e a s e insert this a d in t h e n e x t
i s s u e / s o f The
under the heading
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EH Loyalty discount (repeat advertising)
The total payment due (see Rates and Conditions)
Q Copy of The Vegan in which my ad will appear
| 11 enclose a cheque/PO payable to 'The Vegan Society' (Ere & overseas: payment must be made by sterling International Money Order or steAng cheque drawn on a British bank •
Please debit my Visa/Mastercard/Access/Eurocard/Switch/Visa Delta/Connect card number*
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Return to: Jenny Sawyer, The Vegan, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064 * Minimum
order value £5.00
This form may be photocopied
A VEGAN VILLAGE S e e y o u at the 2 n d
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the C a m d e n Centre, L o n d o n W C 1
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FREEPOST LON 10506 LONDON SW14 1YY
Free Bottle of Wine... With a 3 course meal for two
Voted Best Restaurant/Cafe catering for v e g a n s in T h e V e g a n R e a d e r s ' A w a r d s 1 9 9 7
(phone/visit website for detail:) 5 Station Parade, Harrogate, H G 1
Hillside A n i m a l S a n c t u a r y was founded in 1995 to help all animals in need, particularly those who suffer in the intensive factory farming industry.
A d o p t a r e s c u e d pia, d o n k e y , d u c k , e x - r a c e h o r s e , goat, lamb, turkey, c o w or ex-battery n e n (min £6 yearly) to receive twice yearly photos and news. Creates awareness and helps to feed and care for our rescued animals. Write for details of o u r w o r k a n d gifts to:
Hillside A n i m a l S a n c t u a r y Hall
Tel 0 1 6 0 3 8 9 1 2 2 7 , w e b
W O R L D S E N D TRADING COMPANY 4 FLORENCE TERRACE FALMOUTH TR11 3RR PHONE 01326 316528 WWW.WORLDSEND.CO.UK
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A selection from the Dr Hadwen Trust's VEGAN and CRUELTY-FREE F - M f c - — T A M summer range.
Dr Hadwen Trust Humanity in Research
| bout the Dr Hadwen Trust... T h e D r H a d w e n Trust w o r k s to find alternatives to animal e x p e r i m e n t s .
1. Celebration Fruit Cake (680g). Tuck into an irresistable feast of apricots, raisins, pineapple, sultanas, dates, cashews and hazlenuts, covered with large almonds and whole pecans. Over 9 5 % organic ingredients. Wheat-free, animal-free, sugar-free and sweetened with apple juice. Mmm! Just £9.99.
2. Fudge (non-dairy, 150g). So, you thought you'd never find a vegan fudge, eh!? Well here's an excellent fudge — creamy, sweet and yielding. Don't miss out! £2.95.
In Britain a l o n e o v e r 2 V 2 million a n i m a l s a r e u s e d in e x p e r i m e n t s every year. T h e s e include cats, d o g s , rabbits, m o n k e y s a n d mice. In contrast o u r r e s e a r c h into cancer, diabetes, heart d i s e a s e , d e m e n t i a a n d other i l l n e s s e s doesn't c a u s e a single a n i m a l to suffer. B y
3. Bee-free Honeycomb — Old-fashioned style. Mouth-melting squares of honeycomb. Totally animal-free. Two 100g bags for just £1.89.
4. Turkish Delight (150g). Bite into delicately flavoured cubes of Turkish delight. Full of vegan promise. £2.95.
finding superior, n o n a n i m a l alternatives w e c a n s a v e a n i m a l s from experiments. By, m a k i n g a p u r c h a s e or simply sending a donation, y o u r s u p p o r t will contribute directly to o u r wholly positive work.
5. Presentation box chocs selection (350g). A mouthwatering selection of flavours including vanilla, cafe au lait (vegan), and hazelnut roucher. £10.39.
6. Gold selection (225g). Includes Strawberry Fourre, Pineapple Fourre, and Apricot Fourre which are made with pure fruit. Only £5.45.
Order now on 01462 436819 or send the coupon below to: Dr Hadwen Trust, FREEPOST SG335, Hitchin, SG5 1YN
[ ] I would like to make a donation to the Dr Hadwen Trust's non-animal research of £ I enclose a cheque/PO made out to "Dr Hadwen Trust" for £ Total
[ ] Please send me a catalogue and info about the Dr Hadwen Trust. [ ] I would like to order: Qty. Total 1. Celebration Fruit Cake 2. Fudge 3. Bee-freeHoneycomb 4. Turkish Delight 5. Presentation box chocs selection 6. Gold selection
Dr Hadwen Trust Trading Ltd (company number 3273710, VAT registration number 700484760) is wholly owned by the Dr Hadwen Trust for Humane Research (registered charity 261096), and trades only to raise funds for its parent charity's objectives.