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CONTENTS W E L C O M E T w o harrowing tales rec o u n t e d recently to Vegan Society staff rem i n d us that there remains m u c h to d o to ensure vegans receive fair and i n f o r m e d treatment at the hands of medical/health practitioners. Both cases involved y o u n g vegans with serious health problems. D e spite there being no evidence that a vegan diet had caused the conditions, the parents were made to feel in some way responsible and were being pressured to abandon insistence on a vegan diet for their children. T h e threat of case conferences in both situations demonstrated that — though not stated explicitly — key medical staff c o n sidered a vegan diet for babies to constitute a f o r m of child abuse. Both sets of parents experienced feelings of powerlessness and utter despair. T h e Vegan Society assisted, as best it could, by explaining complaint procedures and supplying accurate nutritional i n f o r mation. It is clear that many GPs, consultants and (even) nutritionists simply do not appreciate the adequacy of a balanced vegan diet and cling to, and perpetuate all sorts of distortions and half-truths. Encouragingly, in contrast, feedback f r o m health visitors and nurses tends to be positive. Ensuring the medical profession is wellinformed is an important part of the Vegan Society's work. If you c o m e across a m e d i cal/health practitioner in need of ' r e - e d u cation', please let the Society k n o w so it can put ' e m straight! Finally, on a lighter note. For those e x asperated readers, like me, unable to turn a page or channel h o p w i t h o u t the Spice Girls putting in an appearance, I hereby declare The Vegan to be 'Spice Girls-free' — until, of course, one of t h e m ('Scary Spice', I hope) does the 'right thing' and renounces all animal products! In this event, in the interests of the 'greater good', readers will just have to indulge my u n seemly enthusiasm.


8 SHOPAROUND New product guide 10 FOODS AGAINST CANCER Introducing Neil Barnard MD. 13 LIVING VEGANISM The lifestyle column 14 SHELLAC: IT'S A LAC'S LIFE The truth revealed 16 STAINLESS STEEL IfTHE BIG MAC One half of the 'McLibelTwo' 17 ONE WOMAN AND HER BIKE A vegan gets competitive



19 MEGAN THE VEGAN Life sagas 21 CHILL OUT It's cool to eat cool

24 MY FIRST... VEGAN BUFFET Here's how 25 ROGER CRAB-A VEGAN FOR THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY A long-forgotten vegan trail blazer

26 GROW VEGAN Resistance isn't futile






36 CLASSIFIED R i c h a r d Farhall Editor

Cover photograph:

Editor Richard Farhall

Chief Illustrator Suzanne Whitelock

Design and production by Taylor McKenzic

Publication Date March, June, September, December Copy Date

Printed by KSC Printers Ltd on G Offset (chlorine-free paper made principally from sawmill waste, veneer production residue and diseased/damaged trees) Advertising Manager Jenny Sawyer

25 January, 25 April, 25 July, 18 October ISSN 0307-4811 Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064




© The Vegan Society T h e views expressed in The Vegan do not necessarily reflect those of the Editor or of the Vegan Society Council. N o t h i n g printed should be construed to be Vegan Society policy unless so stated. T h e Society accepts no liability for any matter in the magazine. T h e acceptance of advertisements (including inserts) does not imply endorsement. T h e inclusion of product information should not be construed as constituting official Vegan Society approval for the product, its intended use, or its manufacturer/distributor. Contributions intended for publication are welcomed, but unsolicited materials will not be returned unless accompanied by an SAE.

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1 9 9 7


The 1997 Reateat/Gallup Survey into Meat-sating and Vegetarianism puts the number of vegans in t h e UK at approximately 224 000 (1995:170 000; 1993: 100 000) and t h e total number of vegetarians and vegans at 3m (5.4% of t h e population). 8 million people (14.3%) no longer eat red meat (including 25% of all w o m e n aged 16-34). M

Readers who start at the back of their Vegan will have already noticed the absence of the Dear Doc page. Sadly (for us), Dr Klaper is so busy with the Vegan Health Study, the Institute of Nutrition Education & Research, medical consultations and jet-setting with the vegan message, he regrets is no longer in a position to contribute regularly to his favourite vegan mag. "Please extend my best wishes to all my friends at The Vegan."

Margaret Leyland, vegan and Labour councillor, has been appointed M a y o r of Worcester. Rather t h a n go for pet food, the feet from the 600 million or so British broilers slaughtered every year are n o w more likely t o go to south-east Asia for human consumption. A t a cost of ÂŁ2m. Hillsd o w n subsidiary, Belwood Foods has turned a pet food operation into Europe's first fully automated plant dedicated to producing 'stripped chicken paws', at the rate of 2.5m pairs a week. Poultry World, May 1997 Crystallised w h e a t starch is being used by the US Air Force as an environmentally safe w a y to strip anti-radar paint from its B-2 Stealth bombers. New Scientist, 1.2.97 For details of the newly-formed V e g a n Families Network send an S A E to: 4 Wooster Mews. Har row. Middlesex HA2 6QS (0181 861 1233). Nearly half of the European Union's methane emissions comes from ruminant digestion and manure. New Scientist, 7.12.96 superb growth i ' bacteria, especially if it i The number of full milk i tainers standing around dairies i astonishing. You can't blame Blue Tits for pecking holes and spitting in your milk if you get s. J o h n Shaw, vet.


Maximise the power of your Vegan by leaving it in your doctor, dentist or vet's waiting room.


Largely thanks to the generosity of Vegan Society Chair, Rick Savage, and the sterling efforts of Vice Chair, Brian Barker, the

Picking edible leaves from a saltbush hedge

I Vegan village - a reality Thanks to the generosity of

Vegan readers, Plants For a Future's proposed Vegan

Eco-Village (the first of its kind in the UK) is about to become a reality! An 83-acre site in North Devon has been found and the initial purchase price raised. Contracts have been exchanged and it is anticipated that the first wave of inhabitants will move on to the land in early autumn. With the assistance of a team of permaculture architects, and the welcome support of the local Chief Planning Officer, it looks as though the villagers will be able to erect a range of structures — including cob, straw bale and underground houses. PFF's Ken Fern adds:

Whilst there are probably enough people now for the

initial move on to the new site, we will probably be looking for more people committed to the vegan cause from next year. We are also looking for people who can help us along the way, either financially or by making working visits to the site when there will be tree planting, home building and other activities. For more information on the project, write to:

Ken Fern, Eco-Village Project,

Plants For a Future, The Field, Penpol, Lostwithiel, Cornwall PL22 0NG. The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997


Society now has it very own World Wide Web site — the easy-to-remember Although still in its early stages, the plan is to provide site visitors with: information on joining the Society and ordering merchandise, a complete list of Trade Mark users, the full range of information sheets, and Local Contacts' details. The Vegan Society is deeply indebted to Tom Calthrop, who was instrumental in introducing the Society to the web by setting up and funding its first site. Nice one Tom!


David Pimentel, a water resource specialist at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, has calculated the quantities of water needed to bring a range of foods to the dining table. His findings reveal that more than 1900 litres of water are needed to grow a kilogram of rice, the most thirsty grain crop, whereas only 500 litres are needed to produce 1kg of potatoes. 1kg chicken requires 3500 litres, yet even this pales into 'insignificance' when compared with the production of 1 kg beef— requiring a staggering 100 000 litres! World water demand has tripled in the past two decades. Pimentel warns: "With further population rises, increased affluence, climate change and more international conflicts about water, we are going to have to think much more about how we use water.

Taigh na Mara's Tony and Jackie — wholesome vegan facade penetrated!


(so it must be true) Lusty lentil lovers have turned a run-of-themill B&B into one of Scotland's newest holiday hot spots.

Randy veggies from around the world are flocking to the shores of Loch Broom in Wester Ross to enjoy uninterrupted food and sex binges. The wacky love-ins are the brainchild of businessman Tony Weston, 36, who hit on the idea after a new university study showed vegetarians are better in bed than meat-eaters. He said: Couples are travelling from America arid England to romp in our sound-proofed vegetarian honeymoon suite. They can make as much noise as they like in there and w e have already had some very satisfied customers. Visitors to the meat-free Taigh na Mara Guest House near Ullapool can enjoy a wide range of sexy services with their marathon love making sessions... The Sun, 12.5.97

Food and drink

The Science and Ethics of Xenotransplantation is available for £5 + £1 p&p from: Uncaged Campaigns, 14 Ridgeway Rd, Sheffield 512 255.

Litres of water required to produce 1kg of food Potatoes Wheat Alfalfa Sorghum Maize Rice Soya beans

Chicken Beef

New Scientist,

500 900 900 1110 1400 1910 2000 3500

After alcopops comes the latest drink to tempt young and old alike — alcoholic milk. Strawberry and banana flavours of ' M o o ' are already available in Oxon pubs. Independent, 30.4.97




Olmec SECURE — the next generation (animal-free) digital photographic material created by ICI Imagedata — has been approved by the UK Government Passport Agency. Photo booths and film processing shops using Olmec are rather thin on the ground at present. Watch this space!



Come up with the most unusual (yet practicable) idea for promoting World Vegan Day at a local level and you could win a signed copy of Benjamin Zephaniah's Talking Turkeys\ Send your suggestions to: Richard Farhall, The Vegan, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.

You're doing your weekly shopping and you pick up a packet of biscuits. You read the ingredients but can't decide if the product is vegan, so you put it back on the shelf. If only the company was an authorised Vegan Society Trade Mark user! Next time, why not write and tell the company what you did, why you did it and how it can help itself I Please send copies of any interesting replies to Jenny Sawyer at the Vegan Society office.

Vegan babies wanted Breast-feeding vegan mums and parents feeding their infants soyabased infant formula are needed by researchers investigating the role of plant oestrogens in infants' diets.

The Vegan Society is encouraging parents to participate; it is believed plant oestrogens (high in soya) may offer protection against certain diseases — e g breast cancer — later in life. However, more evidence is required! If you have an infant between 0 - 1 8 months contact: Colette Kelly, Hugh Sinclair Unit of Human Nutrition, Food Science & Technology Dept, University of Reading, PO Box 226, RG6 6 / 4 P 0 1 1 8

The UN Food and Agriculture Organisation estimates that of the 30 000 edible plants in the world, only 7000 are g r o w n or collected for food. Cultivated over thousands of years, many crops developed a huge genetic diversity. Small communities in the Andes can still g r o w 178 varieties of potato and one species of rice — Oryza sativa — has 100 000 distinct varieties. Today, however, 95% of our protein and calories come from just 30 crops — w i t h more than half our energy intake coming from wheat, rice and maize. New Scientist, 17.8.96 The US Orange County Transportation Authority has agreed to pay vegan bus driver, Bruce Anderson $50 000 to settle his lawsuit alleging that he w a s wrongfully dismissed for refusing to hand our coupons for free hamburgers. ARC News, December 1996 A £430 000 European Union study is being conducted at Bristol University to investigate t h e suspected link b e t w e e n proteins in cow's milk and the development of insulin-dependent diabetes in the under-fives Sunday Times, 19.1.97 Leicestershire farm manger, W i l Armitage has planted w h a t is believed to be the first commercial crop of soya in the UK — to cut d o w n his reliance on imported protein feed for his dairy herd. Farmers Weekly, 9.5.97


The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

VEGANS INTERNATIONAL Vegan Society Council member, Alex Bourke surveys the global scene VEGANS DOWN UNDER

First the bad news. Vegans International (Australia) has advised that due to unexpected difficulties the proposed 9th International Vegan Festival at Magnetic Island has been cancelled. Alternatives were looked into but it believes the Festival cannot be retrieved this year because of the lead time necessary to stage an international event. They apologise to all VI members and others for any inconvenience which this may have caused. The good news for the 40 Europeans w h o wanted to go is that VIA still aims to hold an international festival in the future. Very much on is the Third Annual National Vegan Festival near Melbourne, from Xmas to the New Year. For details send an international reply coupon (IRC) to: Zalan Glen, PO Box 45, Hepburn Springs, Victoria 3461, Australia. Tel 053 482005.

Vegan groups are springing up all over Australia and they are the first VI country to have their o w n office, and excellent newsletter, Vegan Forum, edited by Elizabeth Wolf and Laurel Grant. They need a modem, money to buy their computer, a photocopier (dream list) and volunteer help. They are also creating a vegan Australian family sharing newsletter, where each family compiles a newsletter about themselves and sends a copy to all the other families on the list. It's a great way for children to express themselves through their artwork and stories, like the Australian-wide home education family newsletter. Please send donations, modems etc to: VIA, PO Box 1215, Lismore 2480, NSW, Australia. Tel 066 897461. Australian vegan events in April and May this year included picnics at Hanging Rock and Bondi Beach, a monthly kids social gathering in Lismore and restaurant meets all over including Sydney. There has never been a better time to emigrate!


A four-year study of farm buildings in Britain, Denmark, Germany and The Netherlands by researchers at the Silsoe Research Institute, Beds has revealed that ammonia, dust and bacterial toxins regularly reach high enough concentrations to harm both farm workers and animals. Airborne levels of ammonia frequendy exceed the recommended safe level of 20 parts per million for people, in both poultry houses and piggeries. Poultry houses have a particular problem

with ammonia because bird droppings are rich in nitrogen. Bacteria convert urea and uric acid in the droppings into ammonia. New Scientist, 19.4.97


Good at compiling succinct written responses to adverse coverage of veganism in newspapers and magazines? Join the Vegan Record Straighteners —a team of volunteers dedicated to countering misrepresentation of all things vegan! To come on board ring Richard Farhall on 01424 427393.


Katherine Monbiot

In M a y , Katherine M o n b i o t left the physical part of life at the age of 33. For those w h o are friends, family, colleagues and clients it has left an emptiness which serves a sacred purpose; to spur us o n to discover, and d r a w out from within ourselves, all the qualities which w e so loved and admired about her. People can be like medicine for each other. The w o u n d of the emotional cause of anorexia for her w a s made mortal by the onset of flu. It w a s the mark of her spiritual stature that her life gave testimony to the axiom of all true healers that your w o u n d is your genius. Many are those w h o crossed bridges in wellness fashioned by her hands. I for one am grateful that for her creative purposes she declared her desire to work w i t h me, but as it transpired, it w a s I w h o received gifts of such precision a n d relevance from her. So few in years yet so many jewels in her crown, Katherine pioneered a synthesis of veganism, nutrition and culinary arts. She w a s a dietary therapist and researcher, Chairwoman of the Colonics Association and former W o m e n ' s A r m Wrestling W o r l d Champion. The most precious jewel of all lay in her heart - for she w a s a respecter of all life and had pledged herself to the relief of suffering and the liberation of all sentient beings. Those are sentiments over which death shall never have dominion. I recall a dream a f e w days after I first met Katherine: I w a s standing be-


Finally, VI has an office in central London. If you can type and would like to help out during weekdays for a few hours, please contact me c/o The Vegan.

fore her looking at her face w h e n I noticed it w a s beginning to peel off, so I reached out a n d peeled it back a little further only to reveal a kind of formless radiance behind. Shine on s w e e t sister.

Michael O'Connell Ploughshares




•P 5jBm$a

T h e V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997


There's a mixture of good and bad news on the Vegan Society cookery/health video appeal front: The good news is that you've contributed an impressive £5,707 to the fond — a magnificent effort, so give yourselves a pat on the back!; the bad news is that the Society has lost the services of two of the celebrities who helped launch the appeal last October. Vegan dietary therapist, Katherine Monbiot slipped in her bathroom and, tragically, died from the injuries she sustained (see Obituary, opposite). Katherine was exceptionally enthusiastic about the video and was looking forward to her involvement in the filming. Also lost from the celebrity line-up is Uri Geller who, as viewers of Channel Four's Light Lunch recently discovered, is unable to guarantee that he won't, occasionally, allow himself to be associated with dairy products. The Vegan is currently considering how best to replace Katherine and Uri but, with the generous support of the Cyril Corden Trust in the form of a promised

Klssi^ ?7 8 8 0 0 fi r ',


£9000 grant, it won't be too long before the cameras start to roll! Note: Sadly, as this issue went to press we were informed that Cyril Corden had passed away. An obituary will appear in the Autumn Vegan.


• The Spongiform Encephalopathy Advisory Committee has told the Ministry of Agriculture that [Ed. my italics]: "The risk of transmission of BSE from dam to calf is likely to be less than

10% and appears to be confined to animals born after the onset of BSE in the dam or up to two years beforehand." Meat Trades Journal, 7.5.97 • Just 4 % of the 1 27m cattle slaughtered under a scheme agreed with the EU have been incinerated, 168 000 tonnes of ground cattle remain in store and 62 000 tonnes in cold stores waiting to be rendered. Independent, 25.2.97 • More than 9 0 % of Britain's 9m cows belongs to a herd which has had a clinical case of BSE in the last 8 years. Independent, 15.4.97 • According to the Labour Party, the BSE crisis has cost every household in Britain £160. Independent, 22.4.97

Taigh na Mara vegan ravers, Tony W e s t o n and Jackie Redding have generously offered to send a free copy of Jackie's latest book, Scotland the Green — the Alternative •gafli • Guide to Vegetarian & Vegan Hideaways in Scotland, to the first 15 readers t o answer this perplexing poser: What is the name of Scotland the Green's author? Send your name, address and answer to: Taigh na Mara, The Shore, Lochbroom, via Garve, Wester-Ross, Scottish Highlands IV23 2SE.

iH*I? Mt^&y rittyir^UU.





THE VEGAN READERS' A W A R D S 97 Do you have a favourite vegan product? Or perhaps you've been lucky enough to find a restaurant serving great vegan food? Now is your chance to tell us, as we invite you to nominate some of your vegan favourites. Simply make your nominations below, add you name, address and telephone number and return the form (photocopy acceptable) by 30 September 1997 The full list of The Vegan Readers' Awards winners, to be announced on World Vegan Day (1 November), will appear in the Winter Vegan.





Reader's Name Address

Post code


Return to: The Vegan Readers' Awards 97, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA

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The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

Shoparound New products guru, Tracey Goodall gets out and about

other Cheatin' product — Beef (slices). Call 01536 400557tor recipe ideas. But back to picnics: why not try granoVita's sarnie spreads as tasty toppings for fresh, crusty bread? Tuck into Tofu Pate Tomato, Tofu Pate Italiano and Red Kidney Spicy Spread.



n April, I raced along the coast to Brighton for the Natural Products Show. In the interests of research (or was it pure greed?) I dutifully devoured every new product the vegan eye could see. A particular hit with me was Biddy Merkins' ultra-smooth mayonnaise substitute, Alavon — in 3 'melt in your mouth' flavours: Plain Saladaise, Garlic Saladaise and Cajunnaise.


Looking for something to suck at high altitudes? Search no longer — pack a tin of Terry's Suchard Smith Kendon Travel Sweets before you go. Choose from Mixed Fruit, Citrus Fruit, Wild Berry, Barley Sugar, Blackcurrant or Multi-Vitamin.


Also worth a nibble are meat-free slices from Yves Cuisine. Pep up summer picnics with Veggie Bacon, Veggie Pepperoni or Deli Slices — or pop 'em onto pizzas. Not to be outdone, Redwood (yet again) inflates its range with an-

You may need to reach for the bottle after all that spice. So ring Marks & Spencer on 0171 935 4422 for its extended Vegan Wine and Beers list. Refreshing news from Carlsberg-Tetley: all Carlsberg lagers are animal free — including its alcoholic Lemon and Orange drinks. Last but not least, all ciders except Kings Acre from HP Bulmers can be sipped with ease.


Avoiding the genetic engineering trap, Plamil launches White Sun, made from peas, no less! It also contains sunflower oil and apple juice and is enriched with calcium, vitamins B 2 , B 1 2 and D 2 . Check it out in your local health store.


Protect yourself from sizzling rays by rubbing in Martha Hill Sun Protection Lotion (factor 10). For mail order ring 01780450259. Rachel Perry's Aloe Suma Moisture Tanning Formula, All Season Sun Block and Treatment Sun Block will also help you survive the roast. Clay and Ginseng Texturising Mask and Rainforest Botanical Body Lotion are also on offer.

Spice whirl Summon up a South American flavour and pizzazz with J e t h r o ' s Salsas, Sauces and Marinades — a particularly perfect starter with tortillas or tacos. Unexpected dinner guest? Don't despair, select a

Meridian VegeMince-based Vegesauce for a filling feast — either Chillia or Bolognese TheJethro'srange




(Curry contains egg white). Summer



Forget boring bedtime brews, turn to Green & Black's Instant Organic Hot Choc Drink for sweet dreams. Or whip in chilled soya milk for a sultry summer shake. Yet another major discovery: plain chocolate tablets from Charbonnel & Walker (0171 491 0939). Choose a presentation box from the catalogue and have it filled with a combination of Enrobed Ginger, Moulee, Rocher Noisette, Brazil or Amande chocolates.

Gel Spray and Thickening Moussing Gelle can be used to style your locks. The company is the sole distributor of the Andrew Collinge range of shampoos, conditioners and hairspray. Ring 01256 57222for details of the vegan items.


Purses, wallets and credit card holders are the brand new additions to the Luxury Without Leather range. Ring 01494 539136 for a smart brochure.



When the going gets tough on your skin reach for Millcreek's Aloe Vera PABA Lotion and Aloe Vera Cream. Beat off stress and bring your skin back to life with Montagne Jeunesse's Anti Stress face treatment masks: Apricot & Almond Oil Hot Masque, Strawberry Gel Masque and Dead Sea Mud Pac. But the ultimate treat for long, hot, lazy days must be a relaxing massage. Pure Plant comes to the rescue with its new aromatherapy massageenhancing body oils: Stimulating — containing tangerine oil; Soothing — infused with camomile blue oil; and Rejuvenating — with peppermint oil.


The mission of the Green People's Company is to keep everything in the company as environmentally friendly as possible. Amongst the list of vegan offerings, natural hair products — Aloe Vera Herbal Shampoo & Conditioner and Rosemary Herbal Shampoo & Conditioner — are up for grabs. Alberto Culver has confirmed V05 Hairspray,


Although power cuts are not a problem right now, candles do have other uses. Price's Patent Candle Company confirms that all its moulded candles — such as Room Scenters (in a variety of scents and colours) — are animal-free. Their Nightlights and Garden Candles in pots look great. The only 'no go' areas are Church and Tallow candles. Should you begin to feel more romantic with all this


POW! is a delicious new find from New Earth Aimed at all you sporty types, it packs a punch with its organic ingredients — including dried fruit — and provides a combination of essential fatty acids, antioxidants, vitamins and herbs. A free bar will be sent to the first 20 readers who write to: New Earth/Vegan Offer, PO Box 204, Barnet, London EN5 1EP

If any of you live near a Three Cooks Bakery can I come and stay? Its shelves overfloweth with mouthwatering bakes. Highlights include Apple Strudel, Eccles Cake, Belgian Bun and all breads excepts milk loaf. Call 0121 772 2151 for availability details Teaming up with Village Bakery, new kids on the block, Kjaers Food For Life, go organic with Sprouted Rye Loaf and Flapjack Sold in selected London stores or mail order via 01768 881515. And not to leave out home bakers McDougall's Wholemeal Bread & Pizza Mix, Puff Pastry, Rock Cake and Shortbread Mixes give instant results


candle talk, check out W J Rendell Ltd (01462 432596) — purveyor of an animal-free contraceptive pessary.

ents with no added sugar, made by Joannusmolen


Sadly this is my last Shoparound. As you read this I'll be passing the shopping basket to Eileen Hardy. Please write to her at The Vegan office with exciting discoveries you've made and any useful correspondence you've received from companies. Keep applying that vegan consumer power!


A word from Bluebird Developments: its plasticine contains tallow. How widespread is this practice? Investigations continue .. .


Oops! Contrary to the impression given in the Spring Shoparound all Body Shop shaving brushes are made from hog hair — but the company is looking for an alternative. All is not lost though, EcoTrade (01225 465712)supp\\es a beech handled shaving brush consisting of nylon fibres.


The Naturopathic Health & Beauty Co points out that its Hawaiian Pacifica Spirulina (mentioned in the last Shoparound) is the only such product to achieve organic certification and is the richest wholefood source of beta carotene, and other anti oxidants and nutrients.


Another goodie for small appetites from Forever Green is Eco-Baby Apple Rice, a blend of pure organic ingredi-

Best foot forward

Whatever you get up to

in life, E t h i c a l W a r e s makes sure your feet are well prepared. Make way for a stunning new range for 97. Catering for all activities, as well as improving on its range of walking boots, there's something for everyone. For its new colour brochure, ring 01929


Catching a cold is the last thing you want when you're on the move and need to keep going. Olbas Inhaler from Lanes, in a handy 'stick' format, provides fast relief from stuffy noses. Containing a blend of four oils, with strong decongesting properties, it helps you breathe in the seasonal whiffs more easily. 50 lucky readers have the chance to try one of these handy inhalers. Simply send your name and address to: O/bas/Vegan Inhaler Offer, GR Lane Health Products, Sisson Road, Gloucester, GL1 3QB.

480360. HIGH ENER-G

Nutrition For Life's high performance Ener-G sports drink "replenishes vital fluids, electrolytes, vitamins & minerals, supplying your body with immediate energy" (impressive, eh?). It's great for children, supplying 18 nutrients per serving, doesn't contain any sugars known to cause hyperactivity and is low glycemic — so safe to use by diabetics. A free packet goes to the first 15 readers to write to: Ener-G/Vegan Offer, Round Lodge, Belstead Road, Ipswich IP2 9EH. All respondents receive 10% discount details.

Classic, stylish and beautifully-made products in fine, non-leather materials

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The V e g a n , S u m m e r


FOODS AGAINST CANCER low fibre diets have been associated with breast cancer in many studies, presumably because they increase the amount of oestrogen in the blood. But the Finnish data suggest that meat's risks go beyond its fat content. For those w h o hoped that chicken was a 'health food', the cholesterol content o f b e e f and chicken is actually the same and their fat content is not much different. Carcinogens, if anything, are more concentrated in many cooked chicken products. All of this makes non-meat choices look better and better.

should they get it. A man in Hong Kong has half the risk of prostate cancer compared to a man in Sweden. H e is also much less likely to die of the disease. This is presumably because low fat Asian diets reduce testosterone production slightly, reducing the stimulus for prostate cancer cell growth.


Move over carrots. It's not just (orange) beta-carotene that reduces cancer risk. The red pigment lycopene is part of the power of plant foods too. A Havard study of 47 000 health professionals found that men CHOLESTEROL AND THE OVARY w h o eat plenty of strawberries and tomatoes have less risk of prostate T h e ovary is assaulted by cancer. Those who had 10 the same high fat diet that increases risk for other An animal-based or more servings a week of tomato juice, raw tomatoes hormone-related cancers, or tomato-based foods — apparently because fat in diet contains a even pizza — had up to 45% foods increases the producless risk. tion of oestrogen in the

whole range of

US vegan doctor, Neal D Barnard reviews recent findings on food choice and the 'Big C'


s the first half of the decade fades into m e m o r y , several advances in cancer research should not escape notice. T h e first is: d o n ' t eat cooked chicken. Yes, raw chicken gives you salmonella and cooked chicken might give you cancer. It has long been k n o w n that cooked red meat contains cancer-causing heterocyclic amines, which f o r m as the meat is heated. B u t a surprising n e w report from the U S National Cancer Institute shows that ovenbroiled, pan-fried, or grilled/barbecued chicken carries an even bigger load of these carcinogens than does red meat. And the m o r e you cook it, the worse it gets. A well-done hamburger contains 3 3 nanograms/ gram of the carcinogen PhIP and a well-done steak has about 30ng/g, but grilled chicken reached fully 480ng/g. These dangerous chemicals are most strongly linked to colon cancer, but may also contribute to breast cancer. A 24-year Finnish study of nearly 10 000 people showed that fried meat consumption was linked to a higher risk of hormone-related cancers in w o m e n (breast, ovary and uterus), even after adjustment for fat intake. High fat,

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

body. Early research has also Tomatoes are very linked ovarian cancer to rich in lycopene, and cooked likely suspects galactose, a breakdown tomatoes seem to be more product of lactose, the dairy protective than raw, perhaps sugar. A new report suggests a role for because they release more lycopene. O f cholesterol too. Researchers at the J o h n course, many people are sensitive to tomaHopkins University found that the higher a toes and will be glad to know that lycopene woman's cholesterol level, the greater her is also found in watermelons, pink graperisk of ovarian cancer. fruit and guavas. While researchers are continually trying to tease out which part of a high fat, low fibre, animal-based diet is the major cause of ovarian cancer, it is prudent simply to avoid it. After all, an animal-based diet contains a whole range of likely suspects — animal fat, lactose and cholesterol — and tends to squeeze fibre and protective micronutrients off the plate.


Many of these research findings, although important, confirm what we have known for some time: a menu for cancer prevention and survival comes from plant foods in anti-cancer nutrients, and avoids animal products and added oils.

CANCER SURVIVAL Foods have been a striking, if little known, ray of hope in research studies seeking ways to improve cancer survival. Several studies have shown better survival in breast cancer patients who follow low fat diets or have less body fat. More confirmation comes from a new study of 698 postmenopausal breast cancer patients published in Cancer. Those w h o ate the least fat had only half the risk of dying, compared to other women, and slimmer w o m e n had substantially lower mortality than heavier women. A similar trend has been found for prostate cancer. International studies have shown that, not only are m e n on low fat diets less likely to develop prostate cancer, they are much less likely to die of the disease

D r Neal Barnard is President of the Physician's Committee for Responsible Medicine and author of four books — including Foods That Cause You to Lose Weight.

Living Veganism Katharine A Gilchrist gets to grips with life (vegan-style)


tephen Morley, Campaign Manager for anti-vivisection group Plan 2000, has written in regarding junk food veganism. "The main argument against vivisection is not morality as you might think, but one of science . . . it is a misconception that vivisectors perform a useful service".

NOT SO SWEET Junk food, Stephen points out, often contains animal-tested additives, like artificial sweeteners. Stephen sent information from what Doctors Don't Tell You about a sweetener, aspartame. There isn't room here to go into much detail. The Ethical Consumer (Issue 18, February/March/April 1992) contained information about health fears over aspartame. The makers of NutraSweet (trade name for aspartame) got their lawyers to make The Ethical Consumer (Issue 20, July/August 1992) print a statement about the joys of NutraSweet. (It is "made from two building blocks of protein which can be found in many everyday foods such as meat, eggs, cheese and fish . . . over six million housewives actively look for products featuring 100% N u t r a S w e e t . . . " ) The statement does not deny that aspartame was tested on animals. Additives such as sugar and salt have also been tested on animals. What matters most is to stop any farther experiments.

AND THE WINNER IS . . . I am initiating a Making Shopping Even Worse award (no prizes). The first recipient is The Body Shop (despite its saving grace of answering letters and being polite). It declined to appear in the Vegan Society's Animal Free Shopper. The company prefers

readers to be referred to the availability of a product manual in each of its stores. These manuals are cumbersome and I noted some months ago that some new product information sheets don't indicate whether the item is vegan. The Body Shop claimed (15.8.96) that was because it was examining products in more detail, having found fish ingredients were used to clarify the beer in tangerine beer shampoo! Why has this taken so long? Vegans have known for many years that animal ingredients are often used in making alcohol. Why, since it lists ingredients on labels, does the Body Shop not add 'suitable for vegans' where appropriate? [Ed. Or, better still, apply to use the Vegan Society Trade Mark?]

CHALLENGING If you haven't seen the BBC programme Style Challenge: it features people w h o claim to have no fashion sense and to need a 'makeover'. They are introduced to hair stylists, makeup artists, fashion stylists and clothes. They are transformed. The audience claps. Lesley, once and future cowriter of this column, points out that they never seem to feature vegans. Some make-up used is not crueltyfree and the fashion stylists never have to avoid leather shoes. "It would be very positive to show a good vegan makeover, to show the viewer that it can be done without compromising ethics." Lesley therefore has volunteered to appear on the programme. She wonders if I want to do so too . . .

ALL AT SEA Parents Magazine (November 1996) asked W h o Needs Meat? T h e 'expert' from the Meat and Livestock Commission, Amanda Wynne, had to concede that one "can survive" without meat. T h e article's author, Jane Barlett, pointed out that people want their children not merely to "survive" but to "flourish". Whilst the article was mostly balanced, it contained the misleading statement: "in extreme instances, involving strict vegan and macrobiotic diets . . . malnutrition has resulted in death".

a vegan diet that would cause death (one carrot a week and nothing else — or poisonous plants). However, one could equally well think up a fatal diet containing meat (one rasher of bacon per month with nothing else — or beef and arsenic)! There are some meat burgers that one cannot cook thoroughly without burning them. So they either end up burnt or still containing lethal E coli bacteria (The Observer, December 1996). Clearly, meat-eating can lead to death. Ms Wynne issued the dire warning that B 12 "is only found naturally in meat or milk". Why didn't she mention Marmite, a vegan source of B 12 with which the magazine's readers are probably familiar? (The spell check hadn't heard of it, though. Being all at sea, it suggested "maritime" instead!) Incidentally, The Ethical Consumer (Issue 14, June/July 1991) recom-


mended Natex, C o m m u n i t y Foods and Meridian as 'best buys' for yeast extract.

ADVICE SPOT I hope to comment farther on the Meat and Livestock Commission soon. Have you seen its latest adverts, featuring teenagers, particularly the one with a teenage girl moping around? T h e background music is Love Hurts. She brightens up w h e n M u m cooks pork chops, although the m o o d doesn't last long. A message to love-sick teenagers: love hurts, veganism doesn't.

P r o m o t i n g w a y s o f living w h i c h are f r e e o f a n i m a l p r o d u c t s - f o r the b e n e f i t o f people, animals and t h e e n v i r o n m e n t



There must be many readers^ would like to offer financial support to the Vegan Sfl ety's unique work but have limited means at theirH There is, however, an easy way of helping regardless of present istances — by ineluding a legacy to the Society in your 1.Great or small such legacies can make a real and em g contribution to the promotion of vegan ideals. For those who would like to make a 1 Iquest to the Society die following form of words is sugges Id: 1 bequeth to Tin• Vegan Society, Register ! ( 'h.tntv /JO. 279228. presently at Donald Watson House. 7 Battle ^ f l Road, StLeonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TNJ7 7AA. UK. the sum o f £ and declare that the receipt of the Treasurer or other authorised officer of the said Society I shall be good and sufficient discharge of such legac

It is theoretically possible to devise

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

IT'S A LAC'S LIFE Amanda Rofe investigates the hitherto mysterious world inhabited by the shellac industry


he lac (Laccifer lacca) is one of 200 species of scale insect that attach themselves in great numbers to plants and trees. It is exploited primarily for it resinous secretions, which form the basis of shellac — a multi-purpose substance with a wide variety of commercial applications. Some defenders of the use of shellac — including companies claiming 'cruelty-free' credentials — claim that during its production no insect is harmed. This is untrue.

BROODY The life cycle of a lac insect spans approximately six months and consists of four stages: egg, larva, pupa and adult. The 'brood lac' ('mother cell') containing a female lac insect is tied on to new twigs of'lac host trees', where she

Shellac has been credited with providing the catalyst for the modern plastics industry

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

thrives. After the trees have been 'infected' with brood lac, the whole process requires litde or no human intervention until harvest. Following fertilisation by a male (see below), the resulting red larvae, roughly 0.5mm long, crawl out of the brood lac and settle on the twigs. At this stage both the male and female larvae live off the sap of the trees. They insert their long suctorial mouth part, or proboscis, into the tree and draw out sustenance. A secretion is exuded from their bodies which, in essence, is a protective covering to fend off attacks by predators. This secretion forms into hard resinous layers which completely cover their bodies, leaving small anal and breathing openings. The insects mature into adults within this protective layer (known as the 'cell') — both the male and female larvae become sexually mature in about eight weeks. Only the male insect undergoes a complete metamorphosis; it loses its proboscis and develops antennae, legs and a single pair of wings. The male cell, somewhat longer than the female equivalent, contains a round trap door

through which the male insect emerges, sometimes winged, to walk over the females, fertilising them. After fertilisation he dies.


The female cell is shorter and roundish in shape. The female retains her mouth part but fails to develop wings or eyes. Her ovaries contain lac dye, a crimson fluid resembling cochineal (a food/ drink colouring consisting of the dried bodies of the cochineal insect, Coccus cacti). While developing rudimentary antennae and legs, for all intents and purposes she becomes an immobile shell-like organism with scant resemblance to an insect. Females are little more than egg producers. The female increases in size to accommodate her growing number of eggs. Lac resin is secreted at a faster rate and a continuous layer coalesces or grows into one long crusty knobbly cell. After fourteen weeks the female contracts, allowing light into the cell, and lays her eggs. When the eggs hatch, the larvae appear, and the whole cycle begins again.


Harvesting usually — but not always — begins when the next generation begins to emerge. The material scraped from the trees is known as either 'stick lac' or 'crude lac'. It consists of resin, encrusted live insects, and twigs. A portion, to be used as brood lac, is retained. Freshly scraped stick lac contains considerable moisture and so is usually left to dry before being sold in village markets to shellac manufacturers or their agents. The quality — and consequently the value of stick lac, depends on a number of variables: the conduciveness of the host tree, the climate, whether the crop was harvested before or after the emergence of the larvae, and the methods of drying and storage employed. The stick lac is crushed and sieved to remove sand and dust. It is then washed to break open the encrusted insect bodies, remove the lac dye and separate out the twigs. The residue, known as 'seed lac', is dried, winnowed (fanned and separated) and sieved. This end product is shellac; the dusty lac separated out by the sieving is known as 'refuse lac'. Traditionally this whole process is undertaken by hand, though mechanisation is becoming increasingly commonplace.


India and Thailand are the main lac cultivators, with India alone accounting for 50% of world output. In India, over 90% of lac comes from Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Maharashtra and Orissa — produced principally on palas, kusum and ber lac host trees. India exports different grades of both handmade and machine made shellac, as well as a limited quantity of refuse lac. It was India which introduced lac production into Thailand, where the rain-tree is the principal lac host and the man exports are stick lac and seed lac.


The origins of shellac use go back several thousands of years, to a time when

the lac insect was not only used as a dye Harvesting usually — but not always but also utilised for medicinal purposes. — begins when the next generation In the nineteenth century lac dye bebegins to emerge came an important export commodity for India with Western Europe using it used in both non-food and food prodas a cochineal substitute for dyeing ucts. It has a tenacious adhesive qualwood. Growing industrialisation in the ity, sticking to anything from porous West created a host of shellac niches. In wood to smooth glossy surfaces. It 1895, the invention of the gramodries to the touch in under fifteen phone record, requiring the inclusion minutes, and can be softened and of shellac, led to a huge increase in demoulded like clay, or dissolved in solmand. It was also used to stiffen hats, vent and spread whisper thin. It has grind wheels and for electrical insulaeven been used to seal in the smell of tion. Indian shellac exports reached a urine! Truly a wonder product. And, 42 840 tonne peak in 1956-7. believe it or not, shellac has been credited with providing the catalyst for the Nowadays, shellac may be found in modern plastics industry; in the at(some): paints, varnishes and wood tempt to produce a resin with similar preservers; hats; fruit, coffee beans and properties to lac, plastic was invented! nut glazes; tablet coatings; leather dressings, rubber compounds, sealing All very interesting — but of litde waxes, gasket cements, dental plate consolation to the estimated 300 000 moulds, printing inks, cosmetics — eg insects who lose their lives to produce hair lacquers; chocolate, food colour- just 1kg oflac resin. ings, sealants — and even the finish on 'superior quality' playing cards. In America, large quantities of bleached shellac are used in floor polishes — notably the N o - R u b range. Importing 2 864 303kg of shellac from India in 1995-6, the US can claim to be the world's largest i m porter — followed by Indonesia, Germany, Egypt, Canada, Italy and the UK (226 175kg). Aleuritic acid, jalaric acid and shellolic acid are all shellac derivatives; other by-products of shellac production not already mentioned include: molamma, kiri, passewa, and shellac wax.

LAC-Y FOR SOME Whilst the trend has been for shellac to be increasingly displaced by synthetic resins, green consumerism, with it emphasis on promoting 'natural' as a 'good thing', may be about to fuel a shellac comeback. Shellac is considered to be non toxic and so can be

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f you're thrown in the situation where you've either got to tight a case or you Ve got to apologise for something that doesn't deserve apology, I think there's probably quite a lot of people for whom it would really stick in their throats. So says Helen Steel, who, with her co-defendant Dave Morris, is fighting Britain's longest ever court case — a libel trial brought against Helen and Dave by McDonald's because the pair refused to apologise for allegedly distributing a leaflet, , 'What's wrong with McDonald's — Everything they don't want you to know'. Helen and Dave have been defending themselves with no legal aid and no prior legal knowledge. With such an uphill task, I

after them. Then, of course, as is part of agriculture today, they went to the slaughterhouse . . . what I saw was so horrific that I just decided to become vegetarian. Looking back, she adds, Even after I became vegetarian I still thought I could still keep sheep and chickens, dairy farming, what have you, but I got to learn more and more about the suffering involved. I asked her if veganism has informed her stand against McDonald's and she says, I feel very strongly, not just about animals, but about people being exploited and ^^ oppressed and also [ about the way that the environment is misH treated. I don't really W see that you can have f a world without oppression of animals unless you Ve also got a world without the oppression of ^ people, and also without




and family, and jokes, One of the worst things is having them [McDonald's] on your mind the whole time . . . and they're not exactly the nicest thing to think about! I'm sure I'm not alone in admiring Helen and Dave for their bravery in standing up for what they believe in. All of the issues raised in the disputed leaflet have been aired throughout the court case, bringing these to the attention of potentially millions of people. So how important will the actual judgement be? Helen says, We think it's more important that people judge for themselves. As we've proved things [that were in the leaflet] they've shifted the case. They changed their case on nutrition half way through the trial and they did the same on animals as well. When the treatment of animals, which is an important issue in the disputed leaflet, was first raised in the trial, Helen says McDonald's stated that they didn't object to people expressing their honest beliefs about the murder of animals, what they objected to was the misdescription of facts. She says that in the trial, McDonald's admitted that the chickens raised to produce eggs for them were kept in battery cages, basically entirely artificial conditions with no access to the open air or sunshine and no freedom of movement. She continues, Then we had all the evidence about broiler chickens which are kept in huge windowless sheds. With the evidence on pigs, she says, They [McDonald's] started the trial by saying that the pigs in this country spend their lives in the open air. Helen says that a pig farmer who supplied McDonald's eventually told the court that "McDonald's don't . . . get the meat from the outdoor channels because it's more expensive . . . so they're all reared indoors".


ask if her friends or family thought she was mad to fight the case and she laughs. Nobody ever said we were, they might have thought it, I don't know! But more seriously she continues, I suppose they know that we're both pretty determined characters, but all my friends and family have only ever expressed support.

We're both pretty determined characters

ALL-ENCOMPASSING Helen's been a vegan since she was 16. Her interest in animal rights grew after she studied agriculture at school. She recalls, We had pigs at school, chickens and sheep, and I really enjoyed looking

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

damage to the environment as well. That's what I think is so good about the anti-McDonald's campaign, and I think why it has struck such a chord with the public, because it does cover all the issues and takes a global look at the effects of a multinational company rather than taking an isolated look at individual parts.

A GOOD AIRING When the trial first started, Helen, expecting it to be over in a few weeks, had moved to Yorkshire and was working at an RSPCA animal sanctuary. She misses her former life, friends

Helen says that this information is exactly what was in the leaflet and what they'd set out to prove, and that she and Dave should win. However, if the judge finds against them, she says she will appeal. So, I ask, "McDonald's hasn't heard the last of you?" No, she replies, but then we won't have heard the last of them either.

The judgement is expected in June. For an update contact the McLibel Support Campaign on 0171 713 1269 or access McLibel—Burger Culture on Trial, by John Vidal, is available from the Vegan Society for £15.99 +£2.50 p&p.



udith Shakeshaft is one of the UK's fastest women on two wheels! She is currendy the Welsh Masters Mountain Bike and Welsh Cyclo-Cross Champion — and with every race Judith is promoting an animal-friendly world.



Judith cycles on behalf of the Vegetarian Cycling and Athletic Club (VCAC). Founded over a century ago, the club has 150 members in the UK, ranging from runners to body-builders. Some 10% are vegans. She explains: The original point of the club was to prove to meat-eating people that vegetarians and vegans could compete on an equal level. Indeed, back in the 1930s, the club's cyclists were so successful that one correspondent wrote to the cycling press to say that the VCAC's members should be banned from competing since their diet gave them an "unfair advantage"! While Judith obviously wouldn't wish to concur with the idea that the club's members should be banned from events, she does feel that there are real advantages in a vegan diet for sportswomen and men. This is one of the reasons, second only to her concern about the treatment of animals, why she became vegan. She says, I'm training and putting in time, effort and mental preparation. The only other way you can have an edge over other competitors is your diet.


Her veganism, coupled with a strenuous regime of cycling, running and swimming, is clearly getting results. Despite having only been mountain biking for 4 years and involved in cyclo-cross for 2 years, Judith is making a name for herself, both nationally and internationally. Earlier this year she came second in the World Masters Cyclo-Cross Challenge in Belgium — her first international competition. Yet, she remains proudest of her achievements in the Welsh championships. She says, I always try to hold on to those tides, they're the dearest ones to me. This year Judith rides in the 'Masters' group (for competitors ages 30-39 years), where she is currently ranked 8th. She hopes to get into the top 5 in this group by the end of the season. Her impressive record to date has succeeded in attracting several large sponsorship deals — something which has frequently eluded top-rate women athletes in the past. Judith is currently being sponsored by the sports equipment companies Bolle and USE, and Vandemortelle — and has some interest from Haldane Foods and Plamil which she hopes could lead to sponsorship in

A breathless Katrina Payne catches up with vegan competition cyclist, Judith Shakeshaft the future. However, just at the moment she says that she has been concentrating on using her successes to promote the VCAC.


Perhaps because of the gruelling nature of the cycling events — which can involve running uphill with your bike over one shoulder, wading through streams and pelting down mountains, all at high speed — many in these sports still seem to need a lot of convincing that a vegan diet is more than adequate for the job. For example, Judith cites a sports scientist at Cycling Weekly magazine who recently wrote to say that he doubted vegans could train at a liigh level because they would have to train "on a full stomach" in order to get enough carbohydrates! Judith is living proof that such ideas are ridiculous. A vegan for 5 years and a vegetarian for 6 years before that, Judith doesn't take any food supplements, she counts on a balanced vegan diet to give her sufficient proteins, vitamins, minerals and energy. She laughs as she says that people constandy tell her: "I can't believe that you always look so healthy and fit!" Judith adds that she is also frequendy told that she looks a good deal younger than her age. Hopefully her speed, strength, numerous titles, and

visibility as a vegan ambassador, should encourage others to question whether a vegan diet could help give them the edge which Judith so obviously has. Judith very much enjoys her sport and the fact that she is able to promote veganism at the same time. Of her support for the VCAC she says: Ijust want to show that vegans aren't pale-faced, little, skinny people about to drop dead! There f l can't believe can be few of her competitors who would seek to argue with that you always her on that one! More seriously, she adds, Without look so healthy causing suffering to any animals, I want to prove that you can achieve. Go for it Judith, and fit!' we're all routing for you!

On 1 May, Judith's competition bike, valued at £2500, was stolen. She can't afford to replace it and is currently out of work. She has a suitable bike on loan for 3 months but doesn't know what she will do at the end of the loan period. If you can help in any way, please write to her c/o The Vegan.

For Vegetarian Cycling & Athletic Club info send an SAE to:

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997


* 15 MINUTES . . .

It's said we all have our 15 minutes of fame. Recently I've become quite a bore about mine. So here's another opportunity . . . In January my first book. We're Talking About Vegetarianism (Wayland Publishers, £8.99, hdbk, ISBN 0 7502 2031 7), was published. Aimed at 8—12-yearolds, the majority of it concentrates on vegetarianism rather than veganism but it is one of the first books to be written about vegetarianism for young people. It provides information on the issues behind vegetarian choices and advice on going vegetarian and staying healthy as a vegetarian. Real life case studies are used and each person's reason for becoming vegetarian is explained. You, or your school, or library might like to get hold of a copy — and no, I don't get commission, honesdy!


Hi! W e l c o m e to t h e Y o u n g Vegans page. My name's Sam (as in Samantha rather t h a n Samuel) Calvert and I'll be compiling this page from n o w on, taking over from Angela Novello's excellent work.

First a bit about me. Until recently I worked as Press and Publicity Officer for the Vegetarian Society. I also edited Greenscene, the youth section of The Vegetarian. I've been a vegetarian for 12 years and a vegan for just over 2 of those, so many of you w h o are life-long vegans will have been vegan far longer than me. It took me an awfully long time to make the journey from vegetarianism to veganism but I'm so glad I did. I once took part in a radio phonein and a vegan w o m e n w h o rang into the programme described veganism as "such a pure and simple diet that she couldn't understand why she didn't become vegan sooner". As a relatively new vegan it made so much FIRST CHOICE sense to me. That's the message The Vegetarian Society recently w e need to pass on to others. published First Choice, a report

which looks at levels of meatavoidance among primary school children. Prepared by Childwise Ltd, and funded by the Vegetarian Charity, the report aims to identify the number of vegetarian and meat-avoiding young people. Parents of children who avoid two or more types of meat were invited to take part in

Plamil Foods has kindly offered t o send a sample bar licious v e g a n chocolate t o t h e first 25 Y o u n g V e g a n s t o send a postcard. M a n y people think t h a t ordinary c h o c o l a t e is suitable for v e g a n s but often it contains

or lactose. Plamil chocolate (available in health stores — including Holland & Barrett) is completely animalf r e e a n d comes in four different varieties. If y o u ' d


I |i '



of its dereaders plain butterfat


The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

t o try o n e send a postcard (or sealed d o w n envelope) to: Plamil Chocolate/Vegan Offer, Plamil Foods, Folkestone C77 9 6PQ.

a longer interview. The number of 4—11-year-olds in the longer interviews was 324, of these 4% were vegan. The study shows that 3% of all 4-11 -year-olds in Britain are strictly vegetarian. It seems that vegetarian and meat-avoiding young people are less likely to choose school meals than meat-eating. In one particular school the non-meat option was sometimes turkey or chicken!

PENPALS I'm hoping to start a new Penpal List for under 18s only. If you're interested in adding your details to the list send your name, address (and email address if you have one), date of birth and any interests to me c/o The Vegan. If you'd like a copy of the list send a large SAE.


Young Vegans is your page and I'd love your involvement. In the next issue I'D be looking at the new school year. So if you've got any thoughts on how to promote veganism at school or about vegan school meals why not share your thoughts with other readers? Also, is there anything you'd like to see more/less of on this page? Would you like to contribute something? A cartoon or poem? Is there something you'd like to air your views on? Or do you have a question that other readers could help you answer? Give my postman a shock! Write to me soon c/o The Vegan. Sam Calvert


PS Planiil has recently introduced White Sun — a pea milk. Have you tried it yet?

for all beings,






Summer 1997

Special Issue ~ Thlch Nhat Hanh ~ Reincarnation




in the

HH Dalai Lama ~ Too






Stories, cartoons, serial poem, pictures, reviews

Vegetarians and Vegans who have been unhappy wearing leather shoes and have found canvas and plastic shoes unsatisfactory, finally have a choice. These new 'Vegetarian shoes' look and feel like supple leather but are infact 100% man made, - the uppers are made from a new high-tec polyurethane, that is scuff-resistant, water-resistant and most importantly breathable' like leather. Combined with the quality, comfort and durability synonymous with Doc Martens we feel we have now produced the ultimate vegetarian shoes! D.M. SHOES £47.00 + £4.00 P&P B L A C K & BROWN D.M. BOOTS £54.95 + £4.00 P&P B L A C K , C H E R R Y & P U R P L E Make cheques payable to VEGETARIAN SHOES, and send to:

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• I enclose a cheque/PO payable to 'The Vegan Society' (Eire & overseas: payment must be made by sterling International Money Order or * £2 — or may be viewed at the Society's office ** All applicants must reside at the sterling cheque drawn on a British bank) same address — please supply names on separate sheet •

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The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

Membership includes The Vegan magazine. Thisform may be photocopied


CHILL OUT Supercool cook, Richard Youngs tells us how to 'beat the heat'

Some say that drinking hot fluids is one way to cool the body. The sweating gets rid of your heat. That's all very well, but what we crave in summer is cold food and drink. The


the better. So, here are some recipes for chilled fare.






1 small onion 2 tbsp olive oil 225g/8 oz beetroot 5cm/2" cassia bark strip juice of 1/2 lemon 570 ml/lpt water salt and pepper

2 tbsp olive oil 1 small onion 15 cm/6" cucumber few fresh mint leaves 1 medium potato 570 ml/lpt water/stock salt and pepper

• Finely chop the onion. Peel and finely dice the beetroot • Over medium heat saute the onion in the olive oil until the beetroot is very soft. Allow to cool. Remove the cassia • Thoroughly liquidise the mixture. Better still: force it through a sieve. You should end up with a smooth puree. Check seasoning • Chill for at least an hour. Serve

• Finely chop the onion. Slice the cucumber. Peel and dice the potato • In a saucepan over medium heat saute the onion in the olive oil until transparent. Add all the remaining ingredients. Bring to a boil then turn down to simmer for 30 minutes • Remove from heat and allow to cool. Liquidise. Chill for several hours • Check the seasoning and adjust if necessary. Serve, perhaps with a further few mint leaves scattered on top


The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997



2 lemons (preferably organic) 570ml/l pint boiling water sugar to taste

2 very ripe avocados 170g/6 oz gooseberries a little water 1 tbsp golden syrup few drops of lemon juice

• C u t the lemons in half and squeeze as much juice out of them as you can into a jug. Slice the remains and throw also into the jug. Pour over the boiling water. Allow to cool • Add sugar to taste (the amount will depend both on the lemons and you). Place in the fridge and chill before drinking Note: O n c e the jug is drained you can add further boiling water and sugar to the already used lemons to make another batch


rfi? era

Top and tail the gooseberries. Place in a saucepan with a few drops of water. Secure the lid on the saucepan and place over a low heat. Cook until the gooseberries have turned to a pulp, shaking the saucepan every so often to prevent sticking. (This will take about 15 minutes) Remove from heat and force the gooseberries through a fine sieve to produce a seedless puree. Discard the seeds (via your mouth is the best way) Remove the skin and stones from the avocados. Add the ripe fruit to the gooseberry puree along with the golden syrup and lemon juice. Mash together the ingredients then again force all of them through a fine sieve Transfer to 2 wine glasses. Chill for at least an hour before serving

1 peach 3 apricots 5 plums 1 tbsp sugar Earl Grey tea boiling water rflp iro

R e m o v e the stones from the fruit and then dice into 1.25cm (J/2") sided cubes. Place in a large bowl. Sprinkle over the sugar Make a strong pot of Earl Grey tea. Leave to stew for about 10 minutes. Then while still hot pour the tea so that it covers the prepared fruit. (If you are using loose leaf tea then remember to strain the brew) Allow to cool. Refrigerate for 24 hours




455g/16oz plums) 2 herbal teabags (I use ones containing hibiscus, rosehips, lemongrass and spearmint) water sugar Place the plums and teabags in a saucepan. Cover with water Bring to a boil and continue boiling until the plums have disintegrated and nearly all the water has evaporated. Add sugar to taste Force the mixture through a sieve. Discard the stones and teabags Allow to cool, then refrigerate for a few hours before eating

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

455g/16oz cherries 2 tbsp sugar bread, thinly sliced <£?

Stone the cherries and place them in a saucepan with the sugar. Slowly bring to a simmer and then cook gently for 5 minutes Meanwhile line a medium pudding basin with thinly sliced bread. Pour in the cherries. Place a lid of bread over them, then weigh down using a jam jar filled with water (Make sure the jar is sealed so no water spills over into the pudding — it should press down firmly on all of the pudding's bread lid. An alternative is to use a plate or saucer with weights on top.) Chill overnight. Serve by tipping out upside down onto a plate

Vegan and Vegetarian


Watercolour Painting Holidays In N o r f o l k Six D a y R e s i d e n t i a l C o u r s e s set i n b e a u t i f u l N o r f o l k V i l l a g e Beginners and advanced alike will benefit from individual attention and tuition in small groups from Rosslyn Ruiz, a professional artist of over 35 years standing. Rosslyn is an excellent teacher and communicator (she is also vegan) and will help take the mystery out of watercolour.

You may think there is very little any individual can do to help the environment, prevent large scale animal abuse and so on. However, the power of investment is immense. The more of us who indicate that we care about what happens to the money in our pension funds, endowments and other investments, the better off we will all be.

Courses arc inclusive of accommodation and exclusively vegan/vegetarian meals, as well as framing and moundng of a finished piece. There will also be excursions out on location. A warm welcome awaits painters and non-painting partners alike at our large 18th Century home and studio adjacent to the castle ruins. F o r details please t e l e p h o n e o r w r i t e t o : C l a i r e o r R o s s l y n at T h e O l d S t o r e s , Bailey S t r e e t , C a s t l e A c r e , N o r f o l k P E 3 2 2 A G . T e l . 0 1 7 6 0 7 5 5 1 6 5 M o b i l e .


For advice or more details contact:

David Walters Financial Services

Finding Inner Peace

Horseshoe Cottage, Brownbread Street, Ashbumham, East Sussex TN33 9NX Tel. 01424 893113

Cut through the nonsense and develop

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in daily




27th-29th June

How to Practise the Forgotten Art of Being Happy

Learn how to keep calm and peaceful

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Sunday 6th July


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T h e S u n f l o w e r Lottery Allows you t o make regular donations t o t h e V e g a n Society and stand t h e chance of winning cash prizes every month.

There's m o r e Every year, t h e winners of t h e preceding 12 monthly sunflower lotteries are entered into a 'Super' Sunflower Lottery for a chance t o w i n £100.

H o w it w o r k s Every month three cash prizes — comprising 5 0 % of that month's entry money — are drawn. A monthly entry is £1.50 but you can pay for as many entries as you choose. The draw takes place on the last working day of the month. A list of the winners is published in The Vegan.

To enter Fill out t h e f o r m below a n d return it w i t h your remittance for 3, 6 or 12 months as required. Don't worry a b o u t forgetting t o r e n e w — you'll be reminded in g o o d time. G o o d luck!

J a n u a r y 1997 1st 2nd 3rd

282 Ins Stone 114 J a n e Bannister 444 Barbara Smith

£55.50 £33.30 £22.50

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£57 £34.20 £22.80

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The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1 9 9 7


VEGAN BUFFET Diana Elvin takes the plunge

/i Changing our own, ingrained habits hard enough. Trying to alter somcelse's is certainly not popgWT dn't say the food and drink would vegan. Just invited a cfozen friends l a buffet. : wanted to show ( eaters that dead c esse from ( -stressed (

cting a speech for'V^Tc r and a feast I be; bits would be

W^Jr dons < were in I run£ to !


several cancellaeaflsed what tfley iost ever all, it w c

had ' i and then couldn't p u ^ arrive hun^ ole thing out of This lotminds widf, ined, if mag. "leir: S t i u t not for i i n advam me' — a totally vegan they really coij 1 notbelieve t ting o u t ; Fsuch i ivoutrvariety and attracmuch ljMrts and jpice lat i iev would be won over!

LET'S DO IT! Graham has been vegan far longer than me and had brought m a n y examples of food f o r m e to try. T h e y were, on the whole, ^delicious but definitely an acquired Wst^c I felt that, to be accepted, tlfcy,Would havjt,- to be mixed with strona, familiar flavours. Thus fiS and tiny onions would ^ ^ ^ s a g e s ' and falafels on cocktail sticks; and pickle be smeared over Sgheese on fresh bread rolls. I started chopping and spikmg early. If the evening wasn't a success then people would blame the fooa, ftof rne, and never try it again. This responsibility weighed heavily. By 5pm I was panicking. There was still no sign of Graham, who had promised to come and help 'after lunch', bringing the more interesting food. H e travels by bike, visibility was poor and I was quite convinced he lay squashed beneath a lorry. Any personal regret was swamped by the fact that I would soon have a house full of hungry

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997


ahari ai p and< Bevelled. Did 1 es of welc do; No! se you re at ess i your best i Where the saddle bag poured a treasun trove of Slightly lied I drowned a tea bag

boiling Water then, the welcome ovej, began frantically slamming slices / M r C h e a t i n ' Chicken onto iscuits, having shoved across ham the pickle jar with the -on lid (I have a device for this like so many such things, it's no bstitute for a real man) and the aiting pastry cases. aving chopped and filled he cond the picture of elaborate decor dons on the front of the pack, discarded it, flicked 'chick a lattice pattern across the cress" whol< •lateful and pronounced the job •done.

1RKEI were welcomed with a glass of jr Merrydown Cider and :o sample a few tit-bits to eptive mood for the talk, after whicK they would be free to was well received, the gd with amazement and fulsome praise — andfcatenwith pleasure. I had to constantly repeat that no animal products had been used at any stage. All in all it was a high^ successful evening.

THE FOOD AND WHERE WE FOUND IT A few things can be bought only from healthfood shops: Swedish Glace (a delicious 'ice cream' — available in some supermarkets), Cheatin' Chicken/ Ham/Turkey, Tanex, Scheese and Veeze. Everything else is on the supermarket shelf— saving time and money -— but do read the small print as some shops include a smidgen of animal products in items which will be vegan elsewhere: savoury rolls, various makes of'sausages', malt loaf, vol-au-vents, falafels, salsa dip, non-animal margarine. Also, of course, olives, gherkins, cocktail onions, pickle, savoury biscuits, bread sticks, rolls, salad items'and fruit. For those who just won't try anything new I made fresh fruit salad and also ordinary salad with a savoury rice base and French dressing.



"Roger Crab, Gent, of Bethnal Green, buried Sep.14, 1680." This man was one of the eccentric characters of the laft century. The moft that we know of him is from a pamphlet (now very rare) written principally by himfelf, and entitled "The Englifh Hermit, or the Wonder of the Age." It appears from this publication that he had ferved feven years in the parliamentary army, and had his fkull cloven to the brain in their fervice; for which he was fo ill requited that he was once fentenced to death by the lord protector, and afterwards fuffered two years imprifonment. When he had obtained his releafe, he fet up fhop at Chefham, as a haberdafher of hats. He had not been long fettled there before he began to imbibe a ftrange notion, that it was a fin againft his body and foul to eat any sort of flefh,fifh,or living creature, or to drink wine, ale, or beer. Thinking himfelf at the fame time obliged to follow literally the injunction given to the young man in the Gofpel, he quitted bufinefs, and difpofing of his property gave it among the poor, referving to himfelf only a frnall cottage at Ickenham where he refided, and a rood of land for a garden, on the produce of which he fubfifted at the expense of three farthings a week, his food being bran, herbs, roots, dockleaves, mallows, and grafs; his drink, water. How fuch an extraordinary change of diet agreed with his conftitution the following paffage from his pamphlet will fhew, and give at the fame time a fpecimen of the work: "Inftead of ftrong drinks and wines, I give "the old man a cup of water; and inftead "of foft mutton and rabbets, and other "dainty difhes, I give him broth "thickened with bran, and pudding made "with bran, and turnep-leaves chopt "together, and grasf; at which the old "man (meaning my body), being moved, "would know what he had done that

"I ufed him fo hardy, then I fhowed his "tranfgreffion: fo the warres began; the "law of the old man in my flefhly "members rebelled againft the law of "my mind, and had a threwed "fkirmith; but the mind, being well "enlightened, held it fo that the old "man grew fick and weak with flux, "like to fall to the duft; but the "wonderful love of God, well pleafed "with the battle, raifed him up again, "and filled him full of love, peace, and "content of mind, and is now become "more humble; for now he will eat "dock-leaves, mallows, or graffe." 152

The pamphlet was publifhed in 1655152. Prefixed to it is a portrait of the author cut in wood; which, from its rarity, bears a very high price. Over the print are thefe lines:

It was reprinted in the Harleian Mifcellany, but without the portrait. A copy of the original edition, from which thefe notes were taken, is in the collection ofJames Bindley, Efq.

"Roger Crab that feeds on herbs and roots is here; "But I believe Diogenes had better cheer.

"Here remains all that was mortal of "Roger Crab, 1680. "Tread gently, reader, near the duft "Cometh to this tombstone's truft: "For while 'twasflefhit held a gueft "With universal love pofleft: "A foul that ftemmed opinion's tide, "Did over fects in triumph ride: "Yet fepaiate from the giddy croud, "And paths tradition had allowd. "Through good and ill reports he paft, "Oft cenfur'd, yet approv'd at laft. "Wouldeft thou his religion knoe? "In brief twas this: to all to do "Just as he would be done unto. "So in kind nature's law he ftood "A temple undeflled with blood, "Afriendto every thing thats good. "The reft, angels alone canfitlytell: "Hafte then, to them and him: and fo "farewell."

"Rara avis in


I know nothing on this man's future hiftory, or whether he continued his diet of herbs. A paffage in his epitaph feems to intimate that he never refumed the ufe of animal food, It is not one of the leaft extraordinary parts of his hiftory that he fhould fo long have fubfifted on a diet which, by his own account, had reduced him almoft to a fkeleton in 1655. It appears that he refided at Bethnal-green at the time of his deceafe. A very handfome tomb was erected to his memory in the church-yard at this pbce; which being decayed, the ledger-ftone was placed in the pathway leading acrofs the churchyard to Whitehorfe-ftreet, where it ftill remains, but the infcription is almoft defaced. It is given beneath152 from Strype; who adds, "this Crab, they fay, was a Philadelphian, or fweet finger."

The Editor's grateful thanks go to reader, Pauline Tilbury w h o stumbled upon this gem

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

Grow Vegan Maggie Dunn discovers that resistance isn't futile


he Government's Advisory Committee on Pesticides (ACP) has identified higher than "desirable" pesticide residue levels in some apples and peaches — including imports. A C P Chairperson, Sir Colin Berry, has stressed that to experience any detrimental effect a consumer would have to eat two of the 'highest residue level' apples at once — a one in a million chance! Pesticides and herbicides are harmful to humans, animals and the environment. They do not ensure sustainable cultivation of fruit and vegetables; destroying beneficial insects (over the last 30 years several species of bumble bee have disappeared in the UK), polluting the land and, what's more, don't always come up with the goods, even in the short-term.

Book review Philip Clarke Pentland Press £2.99, pbk, 22pp

A n interesting little book providing information on the history of comfrey, its use in the garden, as a healing agent and as a feed for farm animals (which might be useful for those caring for rescued animals). Compared to farmyard manure, comfrey has a n average of 1 0 % more nitrogen, four times more phosphate and is richer in potash by 4 0 % . It also makes an excellent activator for the compost heap. However, I'm not entirely convinced by the statement that comfrey is the only land plant to extract vitamin B 1 2 from soil. Recent Swiss research claims that spinach, barley and soya beans also absorb B 1 2 . Whether this is 'true B 1 2 ' , which can actually be used by the human body, I don't know. I have requested further details from the researchers.

For example, Blackgrass (a 'weed') would appear to be becoming herbicide-resistant. Research suggests that continuous, or near-continuous cereal cropping and minimum cultivation, often go hand-in-hand with cases of resistance. Using inappropriate treatments when resistance takes hold only makes matters worse; resistant plants are 'selected out', they seed and then 'run riot' in subsequent years. For the first time last year, U K potato growers in Lincolnshire found commonly-used insecticides useless against the peach potato aphid, Myzus persicae. This marked the beginning of a 'double resistance' problem with organophosphorus, pyrethroid and carbamate sprays also proving ineffective. T h e result? A complete lack of effective chemical control! In desperation, Spalding farmers tried to protect valuable crops using nicotine. During this year, brassicas, sugar beet and potatoes could all be wide open to attack. T h e double-resistant aphids are believed to be the product of widespread and concentrated use of insecticides to control invasions of Silver Y (a particular problem in South Lines and T h e Wash) and DiamondBack moths, blown in from the Continent by summer storms in 1996. Resistance to the most important biopesticide currently used by conventional farmers could evolve fester than originally anticipated. A new study of Diamond-Back moths exposed to

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

toxins made by the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis suggests diat widespread resistance could emerge in just a few years. The Diamond-Back moth is a major problem on cabbages and other leafy crops. A single gene in this moth has conferred resistance to four different Bacillus thuringiensis toxins and this gene is far more common than previously thought. Geneticists had estimated that .01% of insects was resistant; the figure has now been revised to 21%.

NO BONES ABOUT IT What can we use instead of bonemeal? Bonemeal is phosphate-rich so rock phosphate (available from Chase Organics — 01932 820958) provides an idea] animal-friendly alternative.

WEATHER WATCH From July this year, farmers around the world will be able to use the World Wide Web to help them decide which crops are most likely to prosper in their fields. The World Water and Climate Atlas web site at contains temperature and precipitation data for the entire Earth's surface, based on 30 years of observations from 56 000 weather stations. When the atlas goes online fanners will be able to see what the weather is usually like on any 1.6km 2 area of the globe!

WARMER WORMS For those of you considering purchasing a wormery beware: w o n n compost contains brandling or manure

worms (Eisenia fbetida) which may be munching away on manure taken from intensively reared animals — eg rabbits. It should also be noted that worm composts do not achieve the same intensity of heat generated by conventional garden composts so any seeds added incidentally will not be destroyed.

PLANT TALK American researchers have discovered that some plants produce an airborne signal, methyl salicyclate, to warn other plants that infectious invaders are afoot! Ilya Raskin and his colleagues at Rutgers University, N e w Brunswick infected tobacco plants with the tobacco mosaic virus. The plants produced methyl salicylate and also anti-microbial proteins. W h e n the researchers pumped air from a chamber containing infected plants into a second chamber filled with healthy plants, the healthy plants started to make salicylic acid and the same anti-microbial proteins. Researchers also found that insect damage prompts plants to produce methyl salicylate — as an insect repellent.

GROW VEGAN PUZZLER For how many years is a date tree likely to live? Only two answers to this, the last issue's competition were submitted — and both were wrong! '200-300 years' would have landed you the prize. T h e Puzzler and Garden Jargon return in the Autumn issue.


Reviews VEGAN



ance in the simplicity of the recipes and speed with which they can be prepared, and wellestablished vegans w h o want n e w ideas will find them here. It's hard to imagine any vegan household not benefiting from this book, and nice to think of all the additional converts it is sure to make. Leah L e n e m a n * Available from the Vegan Society for £8.49 (p&p incl)

Vegan Feasts* Rose Elliot Thorsons £6.99, pbk, 197pp All of Rose Elliot's cookery books have vegan recipes in them, and I'm sure I'm not alone in having taken them out of libraries to copy the ones that appealed (and even, when there were enough of them, to actually buy the books). It's a real treat to have a whole book by her of vegan recipes. Rose has always had a conscience and an awareness that the vegan path was the right path; the difficulty has been her desire to include the largest possible variety of ingredients in her recipes. It's clear that working on this book was something of a voyage of discovery for her. The title of the book suggests a collection of elaborate recipes, whereas its strength actually lies in the fact that nearly all the dishes are quick and easy. There's plenty of variety — everything from pasta to dahl to polenta to colcannon — and many useful tips along the way. There are no strange or obscure ingredients; everything can be found in a supermarket or healthfood store. I was only surprised at the non-use of vegan Parmesan cheese, which greatly enlarges the scope of Italian-style vegan dishes. T h e book looks like a cheap production, aimed primarily at the student market, where it is sure to gain a wide readership. Many aspiring vegans will find reassur-

Vivisection Unveiled Dr T o n y Page, Jon Carpenter, pbk, £6.99 (p&p incl). By post:Jon Carpenter, Spendlove Ctre, Charlbury, Oxon OX7 3PQ

REVIEWERS Leah Leneman is author of 365 1 Vegan Recipes and The Single Vegan, as well as books o n social

W e l c o m e to the S h o w Envizible Orkestra, Maysonic Records, C D , £5. Progressive vegan band. By post: Maysonic Records, 11 Acacia Dr, Toumville, Castleford, W Yorks, WF103PF

history Katrina Payne is a freelance journalist and Vegan Society




Burger Culture on Trial*

T h e B r o w n D o g Affair Peter Mason, T w o Sevens, pbk, £5.50 (p&p incl). (Scheduledfor review in the Autumn 97 Vegan). By post: Two Sevens, 30 Wynter St, London SW112TZ

John Vidal MacMillan, £15.99, hdbk, 326pp

John Vidal has set himself an extremely difficult job — charting

Caribbean C o o k e r y for Vegans (2nd ed) Peter Mason, Mohican, pbk, £ 3 (p&p incl). By post: P Mason, 30 Wynter St, London SW11 2TZ

the history of Britain's longest trial; explaining the issues raised in the courtroom; exploring the characters and motives of the prosecutors, McDonald's, and the

Eco-Eating (Aus) Sapoty Brook, Lothian, pbk, £12.50. Raw food. Distributor: Gazelle Book Services, 01524 68765

defendants, Helen Steel and Dave Morris. Yet he has pulled this off brilliantly with McLibel — Burger Culture on Trial. The book provides a fascinating insight into the state of British justice, exposing a system which has on one side all of the legal expertise, databases

T h e First C e n t u r y o f H e a l t h Foods Kathleen Keleny, selfpublished, pbk, £2.99. By vegan-since-birth daughter of the founder of the first healthfood store. Distributor: Nuhelth Books, 26 Church St, Stroud, Glos GL5 1JL

and experience that money can buy, and on the other, two ordinary (many might feel extraordinary) people, pitting their wits against the system in order to uphold the right of freedom of speech and to prove what they feel to be the truth about McDonald's. Vidal gives us the bald facts of the trial: on the conditions of the animals bred for McDonald's products; McDonald's attempts to describe its food as 'nutritious'; and the row over whether or not cattle in Brazil destined to become McDonald's burgers have been raised on former rainforest land. Vidal also goes behind the scenes to bring us bittersweet examples of how

T h e Great Book of H e m p Rowan Robinson, Park Street Press (US), pbk, $19.95. Hemp's myriad of uses. Distributor: Deep Books, 01634 817832

Helen and Dave are bearing up. On a rare break from the trial, Helen climbed Ben Lomond only to find a climber wearing a McDonald's T-shirt! Although Vidal may feel full of admiration for Helen and Dave's stance, he largely distances himself from their politics and many of their conclusions. He explains the likely impact of the trial set against a backdrop of growing globalisation. "McLibel shows what happens when representatives of t w o world

Scotland t h e G r e e n Jackie Redding, Findhorn Press, pbk, £4.50. Vegetarian/Vegan travel guide

views emerge and clash . . . If McDonald's is dependent on competition, free trade, access to markets, deregulation and the global marketplace. Steel and Morris seem to propose co-operation, a new moral agenda based . . . on respect for people and their predicaments, animals and place." I'll leave you to make up your own minds about which side deserves to win!

Vegetarian London Alex Bourke & Paul Gaynor, Cruelty-Free Living, pbk, £4.99. Vegan-useful.

* Available from the Vegan Society for £18.49 (p&p incl)

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997


Note: Local Contacts are Vegan Society

members who have offered to act, on a voluntary basis, as a point of contact for those interested in the Society's work. They are not official representatives of the Society. Their levels of activity and knowledge may vary according to their individual circumstances. When writing to a Contact, please remember to enclose an SAE.

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997









MIDDAY - 2.30 p.m. 5.30 p.m. - 11 p.m.


75% of our Menu is Vegan.

MIDDAY - 11 p.m. MIDDAY - 10.30 p.m.

10% discount for Vegan Society members.

BOOK IN ADVANCE TO AVOID DISAPPOINTMENT OPEN 16 JUNE: OUR SISTER RESTAURANT AT 265 HIGH STREET, CROYDON, Tel. No. 0181-688 7998 20% off total food bill at our Croydon Branch with this advert. Offer ends Nov. 30 1997


giant sunflower raffle 1 St PRIZE: £ 1 0 0 0 2 n d PRIZE: week for 2 at Taigh na Mara

Vegan/Vegetarian Guest House, Scotland (worth £ 4 0 0 ) generouily donated by Taigh na Mara (01854 655282)


PRIZE: vegan food hamper (worth £100)

generously donated by Healthy Hampers (01252 878698)

P I U S 5 runner-up prizes of £ 2 5 P L U S 10 consolation prizes of Chase Organics giant sunflower seeds

Return at least £50 from ticket sales/donations and you'll receive a signed copy of Wendy Turner's NEW

Abtolutely Animal-Free Cookbook

For • supply of tkkoti ring Bill at tho Vegan Sorioty office on 01434 427393 Closing Date 12.11.97

Draw Date 15.11.97


The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

Publications & Merchandise Feed the World' T-Shirt

London's Homeopathic Hospital £8.95

garden and Plants for a Future £15.00

Unbleached, XL <£10.95

The Animal-Free Shopper

'Vegans Are My Cup of Tea' Mug

The Vegan Society Popular shopping guide for those wishing to buy goods which are free of animal ingredients and involve no animal testing. Includes product listing sections -— Food, Drink, Toiletries & Cosmetics etc; useful addresses; and information on animal substances and additives £4.95


Embroidered Sweat Shirt 70% cotton/30% polyester, yellow on green, XL £15.95 1

'All the Way T-Shirt Black, XL £9.95

'Animal-Free Shopper' Bag Unbleached. 480x360mm £4.99

Vegan Nutrition Chart Nutrient information at a glance. Wipe clean. 880x180mm £2.50

Festive Postcard Save card and envelopes! Pack of 8 £1.95

Vegan Nutrition Gill Langjey M A P h D MIBiol Still the most comprehensive survey of scientific research on vegan diets. Includes highlighted key points, easy-to-follow tables, chapters on all major nutrients and section on vegan mothers and children £8.95

'Vegans Welcome' Window Sticker 110mm dia. (Suggested re-sell price to businesses: £1.25) 75p

Nutrition for Optimum Health V H S video (PAL) 46 mins Michael Klaper M D Slide illustrated lecture on vegan nutrition at

Vegan Passport George Rodger (ed) The Vegan Society What vegans eat (and don't eat) in 38 languages, covering around 90% of the world population. Includes maps and helpful graphics. Invaluable for staying vegan! £2.99

Enamel Badge Distinct yet discrete, brooch-style, 20mm £1.45

LEAFLETS (A5) Leather • Poor C a l f / C o w (dairy) • Join the H u m a n Race (health) • Are Your Meals? (environment) 100 —£1.75 500—£5.95 1,000 — £10.50 2,000 —£19.25 (Prices include p&p)

Supplement which is added to recipes (supplied) to provide complete meals for vegan cats. 6 week supply £8.25


50 leaves of recycled paper, A5 £2.50

As for Vegecat but for kittens up to 12 months and lactating queens. 6 week supply £8.25

Vegan Society VHS Video (PAL) 22 mins An upbeat, informal introduction to the vegan diet — the thinking behind it and health and environmental benefits. Presented by Benjamin Zephaniah and featuring a host of vegan celebrities £8.95

THE VEGAN MAGAZINE Current/Back issue/s £1.95 (p&p incl) Four issue (1 year) subscription £7.80 (p&p incl) 50th Anniversary (Aut 94) bumper issue £1.75 (p&p incl)

Forest Gardening Green Earth Books VHS video (PAL) 48 mins Includes features on Robert Hart's forest




Writing Pad

Truth or Dairy



See page 34 for other titles and order form

FOREST |GARDENING with Robert Hart




I w a s pleased to read a bit of sense

from George Rodger in the Spring Postbag. I often feel alienated by the

To repel ant invasions place 20g of

elitism shown by some vegans.

dried fruit outdoors, but close by,

Taking veganism seriously does not

and conceal from birds. Using a

mean I have to like other vegans. I'd

tissue, gently s w e e p a quantity of

like to keep my sense of humour

ants into a suitable receptacle a n d

too, please.

tip them on the fruit. Repeat until you run out of ants. Any remaining

E r . . . I also smoke. Should I cancel my Vegan Soaety membership?

ants should make their o w n w a y to

S i m o n M u n d y Northants

the fruit.

Ed. Certainly not. Indeed, as you're

Contributions to Postbag are welcomed, but

likely to live a few years less than we

accepted on the understanding that they may be


edited in the interests of brevity or clarity. Send your l e t t e r s to: The Editor, 'The Vegan', Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK, Fax 01424 717064

weed-free vegans, I suggest com-

over the fruit and just a f e w strag-

the Society for reduced

glers still indoors. Help them along.

long-term income by taking out life

O n another occasion I repelled


an invasion by tracing a barrier of w h i t e spirit around the threshold of the front door.


Patricia A l l e n Norfolk

Please allow me to assure your

Patricia wins some Lush Shampoo


the converted, w e are proving to the

readers that w e are doing everything

W e w e r e truly sorry to learn of

uninitiated that being v e g a n can

possible to replace the whey in our

Katherine Monbiot's untimely death

m e a n the same quality of life — a n d

W h o l e Egg Replacer with a technically

[Ed. See Obituary, page 6] but, never-

better. Meat-eaters leave impressed

adequate non-animal substitute.

theless, with 30 years experience of

that t h e y ' v e had plenty of choice

K e i t h B u t c h e r Allergycare

serving food to the public between us,

a n d replete because they've w a n t e d

w e feel must respond to her review of

to try everything on the menu.

our vegan restaurant, Gardners 511 in the Spring Vegan.

How extraordinary to find, in The Vegan, a recommendation to disregard

J a c k i e K i m b e r l e y Birmingham


I felt I just had to 'reach out' to junk

mending a vegetarian restaurant over a

committed people w h o put up with dis-

proud and ashamed of!

vegan one. If you count 'leaving the

belief, ridicule and ignorance every day,

cheese off' the other restaurant has a

in favour of meat and dairy-industry-

maximum of three vegan options — w e

propping vegetarianism. W e ' r e not sure h o w well Ms


V e g a n artist researching a B A dissertation o n animals in art needs info

Take 1 onion and fry in plenty of oil. W h e n almost cooked, add one

and views!

tomato and fry until soft. Meanwhile,

Laura Priddle

toast some bread and spread with

Monbiot knew the restaurant business

marg. Add the filling from the pan. Eat

vores and 2 5 % are

but, judging by her review, it w a s not

with a 'nice cup of tea' and you have a

vegetarian/vegan w h o love our

a comprehensive understanding.

vegan 'greasy spoon' breakfast.

v e g a n menu and keep coming back

Philippa & M i c h a e l P e t t e t t Gardners

S F e l d m a n Colchester

for more. W e are not preaching to

511 — a Vegan Society supporter

Ed. Moderate

7 5 % of our customers are omni-


The Overseas Aid Charity for Vegetarians & Vegans is




VEGFAM (Registered Charity Nr. 232208, Inland Revenue Ref XN8555) FEEDS THE H U N G R Y W I T H O U T EXPLOITING ANIMALS The Fragile Environment of Developing Countries cannot support For over 30 years VEGFAM has provided short and long-term Relief to People who have been the victims of Drought, Flood, Cyclone or War in 30 countries. Our Supporters control how much of their Donation goes on Administration since VEGFAM operates three separate Funds for the use of Donors/Testators the particulars of which are: • GENERAL DONATIONS paid into a/c Nr 65023307 00 The Co-operative will be apportioned (by % shown) between Bank PLCf • PROJECTS (91%) a/c Nr 65023323 00 at 242 High Street. • Administration Expenses (7%) a/c Nr 65023310 00 EXETER, EX4 3QB • Office Building Fund (2%) a/c Nr 65023336 53 Sort Code 08-92-90 SUPPORTERS ARE INVITED T O PAY DONATIONS DIRECT T O ANY OF THESE ACCOUNTS Tel/Fax. Lydford (=01822 820) 203 (or Hitchin (=01462 456294) for more details — Covenant Forms/Bankers Order Forms etc. & (SC Visitors' Accom) or write (SAE appreciated) to: VEGFAM, "The Sanctuary". Nr. Lydford, OKEHAMPTON, Devon, EX20 4AL fMidland Bank a/cs retained for use by existing Donors Thank you for your support


I'm boycotting Barnados because it

food vegans with a recipe I'm both

have 22 vegan dishes.


accepts real fur for resale in its shops.

our efforts and those of thousands of

W e were amazed to find her recom-


The next day there should be a beautiful but unobtrusive anthill


- for Pension, Pep, Insurance, Savings i Icvestient options that ic not support Aniaal Testing and Intensive Farniog co tJct

" -




24BasseinParkRd London 112 9RY

E Mail

[Visit o u r I n t e r n e t P a g e - http://>v w w . u s e r s . d i r c o n . c o . u k / - m i l c h e l I / ] Green Ethical






Financial Mitchell

Advisers is

a Vegan

specialising Society

in member.

A p p o i n t e d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of TcoJtinson F i n a n c i a l L i m i t e d , a FMBRA member

Listings JULY

4 International Day For Captive Dolphins. Info: Cefacea Defence. PO Box 11, SEDO,


0161 223 1839 13 Vegan Children's Summer Picnic. Picnic — Dog-Free Field by bandstand, 1-2.30pm, Playground, 2.30-3.30; Blue Cafe, Rookery Rd, 3.30-. Info: 0171 622 3998 23-27 Big Green Gathering. Info: PO Box 123, Salisbury. Wilts 01747 870667


9-23 1 7th Vegan Camp, Pinedale Outdoor Ctre, Pinedale La, Hope, Sheffield S30 2RN. Info (large SAE & 3 loose stamps): Box VCTM, Rainbow Ctre, 180 Mansfield Rd, Nottingham

NG1 3HW 01332

679341 12 Grouse shooting sabbing starts. Info: HSA, 01273 622827 30-6 Sept Vegan Summer Gathering, Exmouth. Info: 01395 270280

For a comprehensive

list of events —

including regular activities, send an SAE + 2 first class stamps to: The Animal Rights Calendar, 180 Mansfield Rd, Nottingham NG1 3HW

The following businesses offer a discount to Vegan Society members and, in most cases, supporters. All require evidence of membership

Discounts ACCOMMODATION Bradford's Tennis School Thicket Meadows North, Newlands Dr, Maidenhead, Berks SL6 4LL 0162829744 10% (accommodation & tennis lessons) Brookesby Hall Hotel Hesketh Rd, Torquay T Q 1 2LN 01803 292194 10% Mrs K Clelland (B&B) Bank Farmhouse. Felindre, Berriew, Welshpool, Powys SY21 8 Q X Donmar 43 Bernisdale, Isle of Skye IV51 9NS 01470532204 10% (BScB) Glenrannoch House Kinloch Rannoch Perthshire PH16 5QA 01882 6323075% Gorse Hill Holiday Park [caravan hire/sales] Trefiw Rd, Conwy, N Wales LL32 8HJ 01492 593465 10% Green Lodge [s/c] Trawnamadree, Ballylickey, Bantry, Co Cork, Ireland 00 353 27 66146 5% Greenside 48 St John St, Keswick-on-Derwentwater, Cumbria CA12 5AG 017687 7449120% Inglewood Hotel 26 Palace Terr, Queens Prom, Douglas, Isle of Man IM2 4NF 01624 674734 5% Ivy Guest House 3 Melbourne PI, Bradford, W Yorks BD5 O H Z 01274 72706010% Loaning Head W h o l e f o o d Vegetarian Guesthouse Garrigill, Alston, Cumbria 01434 381013 10% (not bar & reductions) Making Waves Vegan Guest House 3 Richmond PI, St Ives, Cornwall 01736 793895 10% M o u n t Pleasant Farm Gorran High Lanes, St Austell PL26 6LR 01726 843918

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

10% New Leslie Farmhouse Leslie, By Insch, Aberdeenshire AB52 6PE 01464 20508 5% The Old Court House Trefin, nr St Davids, Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire SA62 5AX 01348 837095 5%+ Paskins Town House 19 Challotte St, Brighton BN2 1 AG 01273 601203 10% Prospect Cottage Bank End, Ingleton, via Camforth, Lanes LA6 3HE 015242 41328 5%+ Ranworth Vegetarian Guesthouse Church Rd, Ravenscar, Scarborough, N Yorks Y013 0LZ 01723 870366 10% Rodson Hall Seven Mile La, E Peckham, Tonbridge, Kent TN12 5NH 01622 812121 10% The Rossan Auchencaim, Casde Douglas DG7 1QR 01556 640269 10% Sansbury Place Duke St, Settle, N Yorks 01729 823 84010% Stredders Vegetarian Guesthouse Park Cres, Llandrindod Wells, Powys LD1 6AB 015972186 10% T h e Lodge Tal-y-Bont, Conway, Gwynedd LL32 8YX 01492 6976610% (not discounted breaks & services) Tigh na Mara The Shore, Ardindrean, nr Ullapool, By Loch Broom, Wester-ross, Scotland IV23 2SE 01854 655282 5% (notJune-Aug & public holidays) Waterloo House Hotel Lydiate La, Lynton, Devon EX35 6AJ 01598 53391 5%

MISC/MAIL ORDER Altered States Flotation Centre 4 Marlborough Rd, Wootton Bassett, Wilts SN4 7EJ 01793 855414 25% Empress Ltd PO Box 92, Penzance, Cornwall TR18 2XL 01736 65790 15% (essential oils)

Hermitage Oils East Morton, Keighley BD20 5 U Q 01274 56595710% J D Home Deliveries Unit 12, Staveley Workshops. Works Rd, Hollingwood, Chesterfield, Derbys S43 2PE 01246 473818 Lower Shaw Farm Shaw, Swindon SN5 9PJ 01793 771080 5% Not Just Nuts Bam Cottage, The Street, Wallington, nr Baldock, Herts SG7 6SW 0176 388 2095% (collected orders, once/month only) Sally Novello [children's party entertainer] 36 Swingate, Kimberley, Notts NG16 2PH 0115 945 9218 Numerology Readings Avon Hse, 62 Hamham Rd, Salisbury, Wilts SP2 8J] 01722 33558610% Veggies Catering Campaign (Nottingham) 180 Mansfield Rd, Nottingham NG1 3HW 0115 958 566610% (frozen burgers/sosages & snacks from oudets) Vegi Ventures Casde Cottage, Casde Acre, Norfolk PE32 2AJ 01760 755888 5% Vinceremos 261 Upper Town St, Leeds LS13 3JT 0113 257 7545 5%

RESTAURANTS Byblos 262 Kensington High St, London W8 0171 603 442210% Cafe Natural Greenhill St, Stratford-u-Avon CV37 6LF 01789 41574110% Cafe Pushkar 16c Market Row, Brixton, London SW9 8LD 10% Demuths 2 North Parade Passage, Bath BA1 1NX 01225 4461)59 Dylans 99 Broad St, Hawley, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffs 01782 286009 5% Fungus Mungus 34 St Peters St, Canterbury, Kent 10% George's Place 7 Queen St, Penrith, Cumbria CA11 7XD 01768 6663510% The Greenhouse 331 Gt Western Rd, Rusholme, Manchester M14 4AN 0161 224 073010% (not Sat 5pm+) Herb Garden 24 Upper High St, Taunton, Somerset TA1 3PZ 01823 282 88410% Mandeer 21 Hanway PI, London W1P 9DG 0171 323 066010% Pumpkins 76 Clarence Rd, Hackney, London E5 8HB 0181 533 121410% Rasa 55 Stock Newington, Church St, London N16 OAR 0171 249 034410% Riverside Vegetaria 64 High St, Kingston-u-Thames,


Surrey KT1 1HN 0181 546 799210% Rod North Bailgate, Pontefiact, W Yorks 0/977 703915 10% St Ann's Well Cafe Victoria Wk, St Ann's Rd, Gt Malvern. Worcs WR14 4RF 01684 56028510% Shahce Bhelpoori Vegetarian & Vegan Restaurant 1547 London Rd, Norbury. London SW16 4AD 0181 679 6275 10% (not supporters) Shiraz 113 Oak La, Bradford, W Yorks BD18 2AF 01274 490176 10% South Square Vegetarian Cafe South Sq, Thornton Rd. Thornton, Bradford BD13 3LD 01274 83492810% (£5+) Tea Room Des Artistes 697 Wandsworth Rd, Clapham, London SW8 3JF 0171 652 6526 (beer!) Thin End for Hungry People 41a Fore St, St Austell, Cornwall PL25 5PY 01726 75805 10% (not supporters) The Waterways Club Shipley Wharf, Wharf St, Shipley, W Yorks BD17 7DW 01274 58538310%

SHOPS Ashgrove Stores Horsted Keynes, West Sussex RH17 7AP 01825 790243 Beano Wholefood Workers Co-op 36 New Briggate, Leeds, W Yorks LSI 6NU 0113 243573710% (Mon-Thurs, orders over £5) Breckles Wholefoods 12 Cawdry Buildings, Fountain St, Leek, Staffs ST13 6JP 01538387660 10% Cambridge Health Food 5 Bridge St, Cambridge CB2 1UA 01223 350433 10"/) Canton Health Foods 218 Cowbridge Rd East, Cardiff 01222 397983 10% Cardiff Health Foods 4 Church St, Cardiff 01222 220990 10% Countryside Wholefoods 19 Forty Hill, Enfield, EN2 9HT 0181 363 2933; 90 Aldermans Hill, Palmers Green, London N13 081 8822799, 2 & 4 Old Station Rd, Newmarket, Suffolk 5% (not delivery service) Down to Earth Wholefoods The Enterprise Ctr, Eastbourne 01323 649542 10% Food For Veganism may be defined as a way of living which seeks to exclude, as far as possible and practical, all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purpose. In dietary terms it refers to the practice of dispensing with all animal produce — including meat, fish, poultry, eggs, animal milks, honey, and their derivatives. Abhorrence of the cruel practices inherent in dairy, livestock and poultry farming is probably the single most common reason for the adoption of veganism, but many people are drawn to it for health, ecological, resource, spiritual and other reasons. If you would like more information on veganism a free Information Pack is available from the Vegan Society in exchange for two first class stamps. The Vegan Society was formed in England in November 1944 by a group of vegetarians who had recognized the ethical compromises implicit in lacto (ie dairy-dependent) vegetarianism. Today, the Society continues to highlight the breaking of the strong maternal bond

Thought 38 Market PI, Kingston-uThames. Surrey KT1 7JQ 0181 546 7806 10% Friends Foods 83 Roman Rd, London E2 OGN 0181 980 1843 10% Full of Beans 93 Witton St, Northwich, Cheshire. 10% Health & Diet Centres 10% Health & Vegetarian Store 229 Oldham Rd, Failsworth, Manchester M35 0AY 0161 683 4456 5% Health Quest The Grosvenor Ctr, Northampton 01604 30125 10% Herbs and Health 10 Bruce St, Dunfermline, Fife KYI2 7AG 01383 733915 10% (5% supporters) Holbeach Wholefoods 32 High St, Holbeach, Spalding, Lines 0140622149. 10%+ (not supporters & offers) Hunza Wholefoods Syon Pk Gdn Ctr, Syon Pk,

NATIONAL & SPECIALIST GROUPS Movement for Compassionate Living — The Vegan Way Promotes simpler vegan lifestyles. Publishes New Leaves (£5pa) Kathleen &JackJannaway, 47 Highlands Rd, Leatherhead, Surrey KT22 8NQ Plants For a Future Veganorganic information centre for edible/useful plants and demonstration ground. SAE: The Field, Penpol, Lostwithiel. Cornwall PL22 0NG 01208 873554 Vegan Bikers; Vegan Business Connection Encourages mutual support within the vegan community and lists businesses supplying vegan goods/services. SAE: Veggies 180 Mansfield Rd. Nottingham NG1 3HW 0115 958 5666 Vegan Community Project Contact network for those interested in living in a vegan community or f o r m i n g one. 4issue newsletter sub: £2 Bob Howes, 31

between the cow and its new-born calf within just four days; the dairy cow's proneness to lameness and mastitis; her subjection to an intensive cycle of pregnancy and lactation; our unnatural and unhealthy taste for cow's milk; and the de-oxygenation of river water through contamination with cattle slurry. If you are already a vegan or vegan sympathiser please support the Society and help increase its influence by joining. Increased membership means more resources to educate and inform. Full membership is restricted to practising (at least dietary) vegans, as defined above, but sympathisers are very welcome as supporters of the Society. Both members and supporters receive The Vegan. The V e g a n Society Trade Mark is the )


property of the Vegan Society. The ^ Society is prepared to authorize the use of its trade mark on products which accord with its 'no animal ingredients' and 'no animal testing' criteria.


Brentford, Middlesex TW8 8JG 0181 8472140 10% (not supporters) Nature's Gift 11 Cotswold Rd, Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex SS0 8AA 01702 300421 10% Paragon Health Foods 4 Bakery Ct, Ashby de la Zouch, Leics LE65 1AL 01530 560601 10% Quarry Shop 13 Heol Maengwyn, Machynlleth, Powys 10% Roath Health Foods 39 Wellfield Rd, Cardiff CF2 3PA 01222 486023 10% Salisbury Health Foods Queen St, Salisbury, Wilts 10% Sheel Health & Herbal 312-314 Lewisham Rd, London SE13 7PA 0181 244 0809, 296-298 Lewisham High St, London SE13 6JZ 0181 6901311 10%

Surbiton Whole Foods 14 Claremont Rd, Surbiton, Surrey KT6 4 Q U 0181 3992772 10% Tordarroch Crafts Milton ofTordarroch, Farr, Inverness IV1 2XF 01808 521414 10% Two Cats and a Mouse! 61 Queens Rd, Clarendon Pk, Leicester LE2 ITT 0116 270 8882 10% (not gifiware) Vegebility 11 Grange Rd, West Kirby, Wirral L48 4DY 10% Well Bean Health Food Shop 9 Old Dover Rd, Blackheath, London SE3 7BT 0181 858 6854 10% Whitchurch Health Foods 53c Merthyr Rd, Cardiff 01222 618716 10% Wote Street Health Shop 35 Wote St, Basingstoke, Hants RG21 INF 10%

Caerau Rd, Caerau. Macsteg, Bridgend, Mid Glamorgan CF34 0PB Vegan Information Network Rapid response enquiry service PO Box 2801, Brighton BN1 3NH Vegan-Organic Horticultural/ Agricultural Network Researches and encourages non-animal growing techniques 58 High La, Chorlton. Manchester M21 9DZ 0161 860 4869 Vegan Prisoners Supporters Group Helps vegan animal rights prisoners obtain food, toiletries etc. SAE: PO Box 194, Enfield, Middlesex EN1 3HD0m 292 8325 (help incjVegfam Overseas aid agency based on vegan principles. SAE: 'The Sanctuary', nr Lydford, Okehampton. Devon EX20 4AL 01822 820203

INTERNATIONAL Vegans International Co-ordinates the promotion of veganism, encourages the formation of new organisations, publishes a newsletter, and organises vegan festivals. Country Co-ordinators:

s o c i e t y

Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-onSea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, U n j t e d Kingdom

Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064 Office hours: Mon: 9.30-5.30; Tues-Fri: 9.00-5.30 Visitors by appointment please Registered Charity No 279228 Company Registration No. 1468880 VAT Registration No. 448 5973 95 Founder Donald Watson Hon Patrons Serena Coles, Freya Dinshah, Dr Michael Klaper, Arthur Ling, Cor Nouws, Wendy Turner, Donald Watson, Benjamin Zephaniah Council Brian Barker (Vice Chair), Terry Bevis (Hon Treasurer), Alex Bourke, Frank

England, Scotland, Wales: Martin Lake, 87 Porchester Rd. Kingston-u-Thames, Surrey KT1 3PW N Ireland: Brian Gunn-King, 120 Knockan Rd. nr Broughshane, Ballymena BT43 7LE elsewhere — send IRC: Cor Nouws, VI Co-ordinator. Postbus 1087, 6801 Amhem BB, Netherlands

VEGAN PUBLICATIONS Vegan Views Informal quarterly. 4-issue sub: £3 (Non GB — £4) 6 Hayes Ave, Bournemouth, Dorset BH7 7Al) Y Figan Cymreig (The Wales Vegan) Bilingual quarterly. Sub: £\ .50 Bronyr Ysgol. Montpelier, Llandrindod, Powys, Wales

LISTS Send an SAE to the Vegan Society for any of the following lists: Health Care Professionals; International Contacts — mainly individuals Trade Mark — registered users Vegan Families — child-raising vegans willing to be contacted to provide mutual support

Hutson, Robin Lane, Tim Powell, George Rodger, Rick Savage (Chair), Chris Sutoris, Sharon Worsey National Local Contacts Co-ordinator Brian Barker Volunteers Eileen Hardy, Phil Joyce, Mick Lambert, Amanda Rofe (Information Officer), Ann Stahley STAFF General Manager Richard Farhall

D e v e l o p m e n t Officer Jenny Sawyer Administration Officer Bill Palethorpe Administration Officer ( M e m b e r s h i p ) Andrew Luke Administration Assistant Vacant G e n e r a l Assistant (Part-time) Ann Bloomfield

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1 9 9 7


Animal Liberation Peter Singer. 2nd edition [Pimlico] of the bible of the modern animal rights movement £10.00 Animal Liberation: A Graphic Guide Lori Gruen, Peter Singer & David Hine. A powerfully illustrated introduction to the subject £4.95 Animal Rights — Extending the Circle of Compassion Mark Gold. Animal rights: the philosophy, principles, history and prospects £7.99 Animals, Politics & Morality Robert Garner. An assessment of moral issues, philosophical claims, the modern animal protection movement and strategies employed £14.99 The Dreaded Comparison: Human and Animal Slavery Marjorie Spiegel. A penetrating study loaded with shocking comparisons of human and animal slavery, of racism and speciesism £3.95 Feminism, Animals and Science Lynda Birke. Feminist concerns about animal suffering and the relevance of feminist critiques of modern science to the treatment of animals in laboratories £13.99 Silent Ark Juliet Gellatley. A

Foods That Cause You i To Lose j k Weight 4

personal story of discovery of the meat and dairy industries £6.99 W h y Animal Experiments Must Stop Dr Vernon Coleman. The moral, ethical, medical and scientific arguments against vivisection £6.95


Abundant Living in the Coming Age of the Tree Kathleen Jannaway. Towards a vegan, tree-based culture £2.00 Beyond Beef — The Rise and Fall of the Cattle Culture Jeremy Rifkin. The real costs of the 'cattle culture': animal suffering, hunger, poverty, environmental destruction £8.99 Compassion: The Ultimate Ethic (An Exploration of Veganism) Victoria Moran. An examination of the history and philosophy of the vegan movement £4.95 Food For a Future Jon Wynne-Tyson. A classic work, powerfully arguing the moral, economic, ecological, physiological and nutritional case for vegetarianism and veganism £4.99 McLibel — Burger Culture on Trial John Vidal. The story of the epic legal battle between McDonalds's and two campaigners £75.99(Hdbk) The Realeat Encyclopedia of Vegetarian Living Peter Cox. Despite the title, principally vegan in content. Includes 300 international vegan recipes £16.99 (Hdbk) W h y Vegan Kath Clements. A simple and straightforward exposition of the case for veganism £6.95



E l l i o t j

365 Plus One Vegan Recipes Leah Leneman. An imaginative and varied collection of ideas for starters, soups, main courses, side dishes, sweets and salads £6.99 A n Allergy Cookbook Patricia Carter. Recipes free of animal products, chocolate, salt, sugar, baking powder, wheat and cornflour £6.25 Cook Vegan Richard Youngs. A tempting mix of simple and imaginative recipes by The Vegan's cookery writer £6.99 Green Gastronomy Colin Spencer. Gourmet vegan recipes arranged by season £9.99The Single Vegan Leah Leneman. This is the book to persuade you that it really is 'worth the bother' for one £5.99 Rainbows & Wellies Jackie Redding & Tony Weston. An unusual and enchanting

The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

cookbook offering recipes for 14 nights of six person vegan dinner parties at Taigh na Mara Vegetarian Guest House in the Scottish Highlands £74.95(Hdbk) Simply Vegan (2nd ed) (US) Debra Wasserman. Includes 70-page nutrition section and recipe nutrient breakdowns £11.99 The Vegan Cookbook (2nd ed) Alan Wakeman & Gordon Baskerville. 200 richly varied and carefully graded recipes, ranging from the quick and simple right through to the unashamedly gourmet £7.99 Vegan Cooking Eva Batt. More than 300 simple, nourishing and economical recipes. A classic £6.99 Vegan Feasts Rose Elliot. An innovative mix of quick and easy recipes — both modern and well-established £6.99 The Vegan Gourmet (US) Susann GeiskopfHadler & Mindy Toomay. Delicious and imaginative vegan cuisine with recipe nutrient breakdowns £8.99 The Vegan Kitchen Mate (Aus) David Horton. 100 simple recipes, complete with kitchen tips £3.25


Forest Gardening Robert A de J Hart. 2nd edition of the vegan guide to creating a food-producing forest garden £10.95 The Green Home Karen Christensen. A lively and wideranging introduction to all aspects of green home-making £9.99 The Organic Gardener's Handbook Margaret Elphinstone & Julia Langley. A comprehensive and practical guide to the subject — including plenty of information and advice suitable for green-fingered vegans £9.99


Foods That Cause You to Lose Weight (US) Neal Barnard MD. An American vegan doctor explains how choosing certain vegan foods leads to, and sustains long-term weight loss £8.99 Love Yourself, So Hate the Weight! (US) Brother Craig. Vegan slimming tips from a weight-losing Catholic monk. £8.95 Pregnancy, Children & the Vegan Diet (US) Michael Klaper MD. A practical guide to ensuring health and balance throughout pregnancy and to raising healthy children on a 100% animal-

free diet £7.95 Vegan Nutrition Gill Langley MA PhD MIBiol. The most comprehensive survey of scientific research on vegan diets. Includes key points, easy-to-follow tables, chapters on all major nutrients and section on vegan mothers and children £8.95 Vegan Nutrition: Pure & Simple (US) Michael Klaper MD. A practical guide showing how sound vegan diets can satisfy all the body's needs and play a major role in the prevention and treatment of many degenerative diseases £ 7.95


The Animal-Free Shopper The Vegan Society. Popular shopping guide for those wishing to buy goods which are free of animal ingredients and involve no animal testing. Includes product listing sections — Food, Drink, Toiletries & Cosmetics etc; useful addresses; and information on animal substances and additives £4.95The Animal Welfare Handbook Caroline Clough & Barry Kew. A guide to animal welfare and rights — the issues, arguments, legislation, organisations and resources £8.99 Food For Free Richard Mabey. The wild food forager's bible — details of over 240 edible berries, nuts, fungi and leaves £7.99 The Pocketbook of Animal Facts & Figures Barry Kew. All the information you need — at your fingertips £6.99 Vegetarian Cats & Dogs (US) James Peden. The development and use of Vegecat — the supplement imported by the Vegan Society for vegan cats £8.95 Vegetarian London (previously Cruelty-Free Guide to London,) Useful guide to veggie/vegan eating places and healthfood shops £4.99


Talking Turkeys Benjamin Zephaniah. Fun poems by the presenter of Truth or Dairy £8.99 (Hdbk) A number of titles lack a vegan perspective but have nevertheless been included on the basis of their informativeness or practical value • Ring 01424 427393torVegan Society publications & merchandise catalogue • Order form opposite



Send in a photocopy (or original) of the solution to this crossword, together with your name and address, by 25 July and you'll be entered in a draw for a copy of McLibel. Solution in the next issue.

Prize Crossword

Congratulations to Fi Stephens, sender of the first correct solution to The Vegan Prize Crossword 8 to be drawn.

C o m p i l e d by Kate S w e e n e y












First course (7)


Ingredient of bubble-and-squeak (6,6)


Removed the stone from a fruit (6)


Garlic-flavoured onion (7)


Squeezable container (4)


Colour of large cardamoms, rice


or sugar (5) 10 Food (Austr slang) (6)




11 Chew at (4)


14 Usually round fried cake often eaten




17 Stew (6)

20 Shoots used in Chinese cooking (6)

19 Breaks apart (lettuce of Chinese

23 Colour of pepper or olives (5)

leaves) (5)

24 Pizza herb (7)




21 African fruit popular in the West

25 Extract of an aromatic plant (9,3)

Indies (4)





Chinese fruit (6)

16 Pear often used as a 2 Down (7)

18 Porridge cereal (4)


Bitter (7)


13 Land used for growing crops (6)

15 Cover with oil (6)



12 Takes up (liquid) (7)

in a bread bun (6)

• 1 3

apple — poisonous plant of the potato family with prickly capsules (5)

22 Dessert of pureed fruit

Paste prepared from soya beans (4)

eg gooseberry (4)



Address (1°>I ZZ u n S 02 ' SK> A 81 "Js^O L\

Post code

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Return to: The Vegan Prize Crossword 9, The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex T N 3 7 7AA, U K



Postage charges: Less than £5 add 95p; £5-£9 add £1.50; £10-£19 add £2.50; £20- £29 add £3.25; £30+ (Eire & overseas: TOTAL





must be increased by 40%)

I enclose a chequc/PO payable to 'The Vegan Society' (Eire & overseas: payment must be made by sterling International

Sub total


Order or sterling cheque drawn on a British

Postage £


Please debit my (delete not applicable) Visa/Mastercard/Access/Eurocard/Switch/Visa Delta/Connect card number* Donation •

Start d a t e D D D D

Expiry date •

• • •




£ £

Switch issue no. E H E H

Address Post code .


R e t u r n to: T h e Vegan Society, D o n a l d W a t s o n H o u s e , 7 B a t t l e R o a d , St L e o n a r d s - o n - S e a , East Sussex T N 3 7 7 A A , U n i t e d K i n g d o m Tel 01424 4 2 7 3 9 3 Fax 01424 717064 * Minimum

order value £5.00

This form may be


The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

Classified ACCOMMODATION D O N A T I O N S required to help purchase sheltered accommodation for elderly vegans in need. Contributions to: 'Homes For Elderly Vegetarians Ltd', Chancery House, St Nicholas Way, Sutton, Surrey SMI IJB. 0181 652 1900. Specify 'Vegan Fund'. R O O M T O LET at Veg&m H Q N/S vegan. SAE to: 'The Sanctuary', Nr Lydford, Okehampton EX20 4AL. Tel/Fax 01822 820203.


TEMPEH KITS — Nutritious, delicious and different! Just add to beans/grains. £5. Polly Syred, Middle Tnvelly, Beguildy. Knighton. Powys LD7 1UW.

ALLSEASONS WHOLEFOOD VEGETARIAN RESTAURANT 167 St Marys Lane, Upminster Essex RM14 3BL, 01708 640340 Fully licensed and air conditioned. Extensive range of vegan wines and beers. W e specialise in quality wholefood cuisine. Organic produce is used where possible. The majority of food w e produce is vegan. W e can also supply food for outside functions (weddings, celebrations etc).

Top brands. 20% off! Huge range of health & food products • • • • •

Organics Wholefoods Nutrient Supplements Natural Remedies Environment Friendly

• Vegan & Vegetanan • Juiccrs and ionisers • Full Spectrum lamps • Health Products • Much, much more...

We deliver locally. Call for free catalogue H e a l t h D i r e c t . (1181 541 5877 T h e Orchard Studio. 33 C o b h a m R o a d , Kingston. Surrey KT1 3AE

Opening Hours

Monday 10am-4pm Tuesday-Saturday 10am-9.30pm* Sunday 10am-3.00pm * Last Orders taken at 9.30pm Allseasons is strictly nori smoking Easy access from junction 29 M25

ANIMAL CARE W A N T E D U R G E N T L Y : Good homes for chickens, turkeys, ducks, quail, rabbits etc. If you can offer a good home please contact Box 415, c/o The Vegan Society, giving a contact name, address and phone number. Thank you. V E G A N C A T S ! Animal-free supplement for home-made recipes. In use since 1986. SAE: Vegecac, The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK.

Vegan/Vegefanan cafe-coffee shop.

Pumpkins is sifuafed in fhe hearf of Rackney,where you can enioy coffee and cakes,a ligM snack,or a delicious meaf from our menu or daily specials board.




"Widow "Vegetarian garden (Restaurant 87 High Street T o t n e s , D e v o n TQ9 5PB * 01803 862605

ESS Central Administration (Dept VE) H i g h Banks, Lockeridge, N r Marlborough Wilts S N 8 4 E Q Tel: 01672 861362

Willow is a popular fully vegetarian restaurant which celebrated its 10 anniversery last year. The delicious food is prepared from fresh ingredients which are organic where possible. Vegan soups, snacks, main dishes and cakes are always available. We offer a good selection of organic and vegan wines and beers. There is a family room with toys and a lovely garden at the back.


Opening hrs: Noon—11.45pm


The Vegan, S u m m e r



FUNERAL SERVICES GREEN/DIY FUNERALS Ecofriendly inexpensive coffins, memorial tree-planting. Please send £1 in unused stamps with A5 size SAE to Box 328.

GARDENING GARDENING FOR HEALTH T h e complete catalogue of health preserving products. Vegetable gardening t h r o u g h to essential supplements.

T h e European Shiatsu School has branches in London & throughout the UK & Europe For prospectus, please send 3 first class stamps to:

C o m e a l o n g t o T h e 13th N o t e a n d e x p e r i e n c e o u r delicious h o m e - c o o k i n g . T h e r e is a 10% d i s c o u n t f o r all Vegan Society members. T h e 13 t h N o t e c a f e is c o m p l e t e l y a n i m a l / d a i r y f r e e a n d is t h e r e f o r e s u i t able f o r b o t h vegans a n d vegetarians.

CORN W h o l e g r a l n m a l t s w e e t e n e d f l a k e * of o r g a n i c corn g r o w n without pesticide*. F r o m g o o d f o o d a t o r a a or a a n d S A E f o r Mall Order to Dovaa F a r m Fooda. Hungarford. Berkshire, RQ17 ORF


B A R CAFE V E N U E 80 Glassford Street Glasgow G1 1 U R 0141 553 1638





EATING OUT W I N D M I L L R E S T A U R A N T 486 Fulham Road, SW6, (0171) 381 2372. Well established vegetarian/vegan restaurant and takeaway serving only good food made on our premises. N o additives, just warm, friendly service. Open Mon—Sat 1 lam—11pm Sundays 1 lam-5pm. Weekend breakfasts, lunches, evening meals. Join us sometime.


Write to Pinetum Products Churcham, Glos GL2 8AD Tel: 01452 750402

Mail Order 5 day service

Send SAE

HEALTH VEGAN BODYBUILDING is possible. Muscles without meat. Prove a point. Free membership, help/advice & contacts. WBB, 17 Ingle wood Road, Rainford, St Helens, Lanes WA11 7QL. SAE appreciated.

Clarice l>oii6C

A Quaker Centre for Healing, Rest and Renewal. Vegetarian/Vegan cuisine. Non-smoking. Run by the Friends Fellowship of Healing (Quakers) and open to all. Beautiful Grounds. Weekend Courses. Retreats, Short/Long-term stays. Healing and Counselling available. Registered Charity No 228102

Dormans Road, Nr. Lingfield, Surrey RH7 6QH Tel: 01342 832150.

HOLIDAY ACCOMMODATION B&B in Victorian vegan home. Woodland fell setting. Twin/Family room. Windermere 015394 47977. B&B, VEGETARIAN/VEGAN Near Heathrow, Windsor, Henley, Reading, Berkshire, Bath Rd. A4. £35 double, jC20.00 single. Tennis school for lessons. Bradfords, Maidenhead 0162829744. BANTRY, IRELAND Self catering apartments for singles, couples and families. Peaceful wooded surroundings. Organic vegetables and vegan wholefoods

available. Chris, Green Lodge, Trawnamadree, Ballylickey, Bantry, County Cork. 00353 2766146. B U X T O N Culture and countryside; Opera House and National Park; 'Glenwood' Vegan and Vegetarian Guest House openingjuly for Festival. Comfortable, spacious, non-smoking; children welcome. Tel. 01298 77690. CUMBRIA Vegan B&B. 2 rooms. Strictly no smoking. Children very welcome. Good local walks and marvellous vegan food! Tel/Fax: Sylvia or Chris on (015395) 61241. Fox Hall. Sedgwick, Kendal LA8 0JP. D O R S E T Detached country home in quiet hamlet near Wimbome. Exclusively vegetarian/vegan B&B. Spacious comfortable twin en-suite T/C facilities, TV. Ideal touring, walking, cycling area. No smoking. £17 per person per night. Tele: 01202841561. DEVON (Lydford). S/C for N/S visitors at VEGFAM's HQ. SAE to: 'The Sanctuary', Nr Lydford, Okehampton EX20 4AL. Tel/Fax: 01822 820203. DORSET (Lyme Regis) Exclusively vegan/vegetarian B&B. Double self contained en-suite available. Tea & coffee making facilities. Colour T.V. Non smoking. Off road parking. 10 minutes walk to seafront. Dogs welcome with well behaved owners! Irene & Norman Long. Tel. 01297444790. DORSET Vegan guest house set in A.O.N.B. Coastal walks. Home of alternative healers. Offering courses, alternative treatment of animals. (01297) 678597. FRANCE At last! Now open vegan NS B&B in Pyrenees. Accommodation in 101 yr old stone farmhouse shared with owners. Walking, cycling, relaxing. 500FF or £50 pppw. Write: Le Guerrat, 09420 Rimont, France. Tel. 00 33 5 61963703. HOLIDAY FLAT D.I.Y B&B in Victorian vegan home. Woodland fell setting. Twin/family bedroom. Windermere 015394 47977. INGLETON Yorkshire Dales. Vegetarian/Vegan B&B £16 at picturesque Prospect Cottage. Two or more nights £14. Tel: 01524241328. ISLE OF W I G H T B&B. Peaceful home of vegetarian/vegan owners. Picturesque village. Tel: (01983) 731279. Evening meals available by request. LAKE DISTRICT Eden Green vegan/vegetarian guesthouse in central Keswick. Some rooms with mountain views. Imaginative and extensive breakfasts. B&B from 16.00 p.p. Tel: 017687 72077. MID-WALES Vegan B&B/Ashbrooke therapies. Unwind before log fires amidst beautiful hills and woodlands. Ideal for walking, relaxing, dreaming. (01686) 413671. MOLD, FLINTSHIRE Share our Welsh speaking vegan home. Double £.22, Single £13. Central for touring. Parking. 01352 753671. M O R O C C O House/Apartments to let in walled city of Tarondannt close to High Atlas and Anti-Atlas Mountains. High standard kitchens and bathrooms. Spacious, traditional decorations and furnishings. Ideal for families or groups. Reasonable rates. B 7 233279 or e-mail OLD R E C T O R Y HOTEL Macntwrog, 01766 590305. Three acre riverside garden. Main house/budget annexe. All en-suite. Informal atmosphere, home cooking, vegan & Italian menu. Reduced 2* nights. Dogs welcome. PEMBROKESHIRE Coast — Trefin, nr St Davids. Vegetarian/Vegan guest house, en-suite rooms. 5 mins walk from spectacular coastal path. Walking and climbing holidays available. Tel 01348 837095.


The Old Post Office Llanigon, Hay-on-Wye

A very special, distinctly different, 1 Itb century listed bouse at the foot of the Black Mountains. Only two miles from the famous book ttrnn of Hay-on-Wye. Separate guests sitting room, lovely bedrooms & relaxed atmo1 sphere. Exclusively vegetarian/vegan. From £15 pp. TeL 01497 820008

i ^m /^V j Quiet Country Hotel ^Wooaeom overlooking beautiful ff^fCi I estuary and bird \^jfipM sanctuary. Britain's oldest vegetarian/vegan hotel stands in its oum grounds close to beaches and unspoilt coastal walks. 'Woodcote', The Saltings, Lelant, St Ives, Cornwall Tel. 01736 753147




South West France Brookesby Hall Hotel The longest established exclusively vegan and vege Exclusively vegetarian. Glorious tarian guest house in France, set within a peaceful sea views. Quietly situated next to an hamlet in this unexploited and beautiful region. extensive area of coastal woodland. We offer a very high standard of comfort and Close to beach and town centre. hospitality ensuring a relaxing holiday. Delicious wholefood vegan meals Our internationally acclaimed imaginative prepared by vegan proprietress. Please contact res. props for brochure cuisine is freshly cooked each evening using our own fresh produce. and further details. For 1997 brochure telephone Tel: 01803 292194 (0033) or write to: •0


W t § ®

VEGETARIAN/VEGAN GUEST HOUSE Delicious Home-Cooking, Special Diet Catering, Non-Smoking, Open Fires Explore Yorkshire Dales and Famous Settle/Carlisle Railway g

Tel. 01729 823840


Castle Acre, Norfolk Vegan B&B BEECHMOUNT NEAR SA WREY, AMBLESIDE, CUMBRIA LA22 OLB Vegetarian/vegan B&B, delightful country house accommodation. Situated in Beatrix Potter's picturesque village with its olde worlde inn, 2 miles from Hawkshead, Lake Windermere (car ferry) 2 miles. Delicious breakfast, lovely bedrooms, Superb lake/c For brochure t


Comfortable Edwardian guest house with spectacular views across Porlock Bay and set in the heart of Exmoor's wild heather moorland. Delirious traditional vegetarian and vegan cuisine. Fine wines. Log fires. Candle-lit dinners. Luxurious bedrooms, all en-suite. E T B 2 crowns Highly c o m m e n d e d AA 3 Q R e c o m m e n d e d p/D

CRUELTY-FREE SCOTLAND Scotland t h e G r e e n Veg. & Vegan

Hideaways guide £4.95 incl. p&p. R a i n b o w s & W e l l i e s Scottish

Vegan dinner party cookbook £16.95 T a i g h na M a r a Veg. G u e s t H o u s e & V e g a n I n f o Service, Freepost

IV1229 The Shore, Lochbroom, Ullapool IV23 2BR

Exclusively Vegan & Vege B&B in our large 18th century h o m e adjacent to the castle ruins in picturesque medieval conservation village. Vegan evening meals a speciality! From £16.50pppn. Phone Jon or Clairefordetails on 01760 755165 Mobile 0378 610546


COME & GO AS YOU PLEASE Vegetarian/vegan. Cussens cottage, en-suite rooms with own entrance, tv, tea-making. Residence sunlounge/dining room. Vegetarian/vegan 3 course dinner when req'd. Peaceful rural setting, pub, shop, p.o.,restaurant, 10 min. walk. Cycle hire, riding, mountain walking. Nearby 13th century historic Kilmallock. Easy drive to Kilamey, Tralee, Cork, Limerick, Galway, Shannon Lakes, Atlantic coast. Relax in secluded lawns and organic kitchen garden. Brochure and booking details, Phone: Ita, 00353 6398926.


WILDLIFE HOTEL Open all year round Licensed. 100% non-meat. Small friendly hotel. (Exclusively vegan/vegetarian. Special diets catered for — allfreshlymade.) No smoking throughout. Situated two minutes from the sea. Near a11 the attractions. Parking available. 39 Woodfield Road, Blackpool FY1 6AX. Tel. 01253 346143.

with credit cards


or see Web page on "Nessie on the Net"

Galloway Solway C o a s t

T e l 01854 655282 Fax 292

CHAPEL STREET, EXFORD SOMERSET TA24 7PY Relax in the heart of Exmoor National Park and enjoy the beautiful surroundings. No smoking. Exclusively vegetarian and vegan food. Most rooms en-suite, all with tea/coffee facilities. Contact Nigel for details, telephone 01643 831694

Small homely Victorian Guest House overlooking bay. B&B, evening meal, vegetarian, vegan, glutenfreeand filtered water. C.H. Bird watching, golf, hill climbing.

Discount to Vegan & Vegetarian Society members

Our reputation

is our


ST IVES Cornwall. Vegan guest house. Close to beaches and picturesque harbour. En-suite rooms. Self-catering apartment also available. St Judes, St Ives Road, Carbis Bay, St Ives, Cornwall TR26 2SF. Tel. 01736 795255. SCOTTISH BORDERS, ST. ABBS. Wheatears Vegetarian/Vegan Guest-house. Gourmet meals. Tranquil location. Wildlife garden; spectacular cliff scenery; walking; birdwatching. Telephone 018907 71375. SCOTTISH HIGHLANDS Near Kyle of Lochalsh. Vegan B&B in modern bungalow with spectacular views. Ideal centre for exploring Skye and Wester Ross. B&B From £15, EM £9. Julie and Brian Neath. Tel: 01599 555341. SOMERSET Exclusively vegetarian guest house. All meals vegan. Bordering Devon and Dorset. It is an ideal basefortouring, walking or relaxing in our 16th century house. Crewkerne 01460 73112. SUSSEX B&B Vegetarian/Vegan. Beautiful period farmhouse and gardens. South Downs and Brighton nearby. Dogs welcome. £16pp Tel: 0973 833696. WHITBY Falcon Guest House, B&B, vegan/vegetarian. Quiet location, seven minutes walk from centre and harbour. Lounge and sunny breakfast room. Parking near house. Tea-making equipment. £15 (plus child reductions). Tel: 01947 603507. Y O R K Vegetarian/Vegan wholefood, non-smoking B&B. Comfortable en-suite accom

MAIL ORDER S T R O N G DURABLE non-leather belts (l1/4"/3cm width). Handmadefromtwotone webbing with solid brass cast buckles. Navy/red centre line; Burgundy/navy centre line; Natura (neut send £8 (per belt), waist size and colour choice. Non-profit making, all proceeds to help less well-known endangered wildlife. Make cheques payable to 'Wildlife For All'. Allow 3 weeks delivery. "THE HAPPY VEGAN COOK BOOK"— Delicious, quick and easy recipes by vegan chef. Please order or cheque, payable to

MISCELLANEOUS CAN Y O U HELP? Require property for vegan organic/health project. Long lease or private funding required. Box 417. 4TH VEGAN SUMMER GATHERING East Devon 30th August-6th September. Discussions, talks, communal meals, trips out, good company. Self-catering accommodation. Approximately £70 for the week; £35 unwag el-

THE VEGETARIAN CHARITY Funds are available to help young vegetarians/vegans, up to the age of 25, who are in need and to educate young people in the principles of vegetarianism. Applications



14 Winters Lane Ottery St Mary EX11 1 A R

THE ORDER OF THE CROSS SPIRITUAL AIMS A N D IDEALS The order is an informal Fellowship, having for its service in life the cultivation of the Spirit of Love towards all Souls: Helping the weak and defending the defenceless and oppressed; Abstaining from hurting the creatures, eschewing bloodshed and flesh eating, and living upon the pure foods so abundantly provided by nature; Walking in the Mystic Way of Life, whose Path leads to the realization of the Christhood; And sending forth the Mystic Teachings unto all who may be able to receive them — those sacred interpretations of the Soul, the Christhood, and the Divine Love and Wisdom, for which the Order of the Cross stands. Regular Services, Meetings and Retreats are held in London and elsewhere. For further information please contact: The Headquarters (VN), 10 De Vere Gardens, London W8 5AE, telephone 0171-937 7012.

NURSING HOMES Bethany .Vegetarian Nursing & Rest Home 7/9 Oak Park Villas, Dawlish, Devon EX7 ODE. Tel: - (01626) 862794 Exclusively Vegetarian And Vegan Diets. Wholistic Care offered with a choice of Complementary therapies. A friendly, non-smoking home for Short or Long stay, Holiday and Respite Care



The V e g a n , S u m m e r 1997

22, various interests. Your age/sex unimportant. Box 410. E C O — The low cost alternative way to network or meet new friends. Stamp for info to: ECO. PO Box 121, Lancaster. LA2 9GE. FEMALE 30, separated, non-smoker, nondrinker, non-religious. Interests — animal rights, veganism, living simply, nature, environmental issues, nutrition, e-mail mailing lists, e.g. Vegan-1, positive futures, 80's music/love songs. Hates — guns, violence, media, consumerism. Seeks male nonsmoker for friendship/relationship, age 25-35 Doncaster, but could move. Box 412.

TIVELY, accommodation for single vegan/vegetarian lady possibly available in exchange for help with DIY/house restoration (experience not necessary) Box 413.

CUSTODIAN NETWORK D o y o u feel isolated?

The Custodian Network is a new venture to provide an opportunity for closer contact with others in the UK who feel the same as you do about animal suffering. If you would welcome the chance to get in touch with like-minded vegans and wish your name/address (telephone number optional) to be included on a list for circulation within the link-up. for further details please contact:

G O O D S E N S E O F H U M O U R ? Vegan sportsperson (male, 33) into countryside & environment seeks female 23 to 33 with similar interests for friendship and possible relationship. Box 404. LISA who lived near Lee on Solent then went to Birmingham, please get in touch. Chris (ex Portsmouth) Box 409. SEEKING FRIENDS/SOULMATE? Nationwide friendship service for all age groups with similar interests. SAE: Evergreen, P O Box 147, Waltham Cross, E N 7 6BZ. Tel/Fax 01992 632250. U N C O N V E N T I O N A L emotionally open young male vegan seeks pen-friends or friends regardless of age, area, sex, sexuality. Likes literature, Beethoven, conversation, nature. Box 414. V E G A N FEMALE (26) caring, creative, romantic, fun, likes music, cooking, complementary therapies, green-minded, enjoys countryside, looking for vegan male. Box 407. V E G A N FEMALE 30, (attached), sensitive, shy, warm-hearted, compassionate, unconventional, seeking caring, sincere, pen/friends for sharing thoughts, walks, nature, silliness! Box 398. V E G A N FEMALE 34, married, no kids (by choice) looking for vegan penfriend, possibly a gay man? Loves animals, country walks, reading, shares Wales/Shropshire border home with non-veggie dog and three ex-battery hens. Box 406. V E G A N MALE, Y O U N G 25, gentle, opinionated, non-religious virgin. Likes cycling, sport, indoor games, pop music, Carry O n films. Dislikes soaps, cars, carnivores. Seeks shy, private, non-political virgin female for lifetime love without children. Age/looks/ area unimportant. ALA. Box 403. V E G A N MALE, 29 Friendly, thoughtful, fun, sensitive. Likes music, reading, nature, cinema. Seeks female for sharing, caring, times together. ALA. Box 411. V E G A N MALE (37) would like to meet vegan/vegetarian female for friendship/relationship. Any area. Box 399. V E G A N MALE 46, very fit, non-smoker G.S.O.H., solvent, interests include music, cinema, theatre, reading, eating out, generally getting out and about and enjoying life. Seeks slim, attractive, sincere female 20 to 40 for long term relationship. Telephone number if possible. Greater London area. Box 405. W A R W I C K S H I R E , vegan male, 46, non-sexist, non-racist, non-smoker would like to correspond with and hopefully meet a vegan/vegetarian lady. Objective friendship, happiness, life partnership. I have many interests including conservation, gardening, Plants for a Future, technology, alternative technology, DIY/house restoration, collecting books, science fiction, ballroom dancing plus more. ALTERNA-

Custodians, Kent Place, Lechlade, Glos. GL7 3AW


C P 7 W E

C O N T A C T CENTRE is a caring, so low fees friendship agency, quite different from all others catering exclusively for vegans and vegetarians both in Britain and abroad for any purposes. C O N T A C T CENTRE enables you to choose friend(s) from detailed adverts and/or to write an advert yourself without disclosing your name and address. C O N T A C T CENTRE gives full scope to your individual wishes; you don't even have to complete a form. Instead a friendly ear is lent to every member. As we cannot tell all in this advertisement, please write for membership details from: COWTJZCT


(MV) B C M Cuddle, London W C 1 V 6 X X

enclosing an SAE and sating your gender

CRUELTY-FREE COMPANIONS Exclusively vegan contact agency! For details send SAE to: CFCs, 7 Trafalgar Close, Wouldham, Kent ME1 3YF

PUBLICATIONS AHIMSA. Quarterly magazine of the American Vegan Society. Veganism, Natural Living, Reverence for Life. Calendar Year subscription £12. Address: PO Box H, Malaga, NJ 08328, USA. VEGAN G U I D E to Paris £2.50, Hippy Cookbook £1.99, How to Write a Vegan Book £1.80 post free from: Alex Bourke, 11 Guinea Street, Bristol BS1 6SX. V E G E T A R I A N V I S I T O R 1997 New edition of the guide to over 80 B&Bs, guest houses and hostels that welcome vegetarians and vegans, coded to show places that cater for vegans, plus over 150 places to eat. £2.50 post free from: Jon Carpenter Publishing, Room VS. The Spendlove Centre, Charlbury OX7 3PQ

SITUATIONS VACANT C R E A T I V E A N D INSPIRED vegetarian/vegan cooks with experience are sought as new members at The Carrot Cafe of Camberwell — a workers co-operative, London SE5. Please ring 0171 277 2120 for information. E T H I C A L PEOPLE wanted to promote

vegan range. Free p&p. Next day delivery. Good Commission. SAE: 'Cruelty-free Collection', Box 400. CARING, SENSIBLE animal-lover required for varied, interesting work at rural animal rescue centre. Single accommodation in shared house. Small wage. Please apply giving telephone number to Box 416.

SITUATIONS WANTED GERMAN MAN seeks organic vegetarian/vegan farm/restaurant or similar where I can stay and help for some months. I am 41 and would like to spend rime improving my English. Write to: Frank Ludwig, Bruchstrasse 12, 77799 Ortenbcrg, Germany. Fax: 00 49 7841 680435.

TRAVEL AFRICAN SAFARI 10 month journey across Africa, including 22 weeks in wildlife reserves. Shorter options available (any part of journey). Hope to form group in time for September departure. Further information from: Craig Dawe, c/o Hayne Farm, Morebath, Tiverton, Devon EX16 9DA.

RATES AND CONDITIONS All prices inclusive of VAT Loyalty discount (repeat advertising): 10% Box No: (per insertion) £2.00 extra Lineage Commercial: £6.60 for 20 words (minimum) Additional words: 39p each Non-commercial: £4.50 for 20 words (minimum) Additional words: 25p each Copy of Vegan in which ad appears: £1.95 Semi-display (boxed) Commercial: £7.26 per single column centimetre Non-commercial: £4.95 per single column BOX N U M B E R S When replying to a box number address your envelope as follows: Box No. , The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-onSea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.

The Vegan, S u m m e r




Pre-payment please by cheque or postal order made payable to 'The Vegan Society'. Eire and overseas: Payment must be by sterling cheque drawn on an British bank or by sterling International Money Order.

PUBLICATION DATES March, June, September, December

COPY DATES 25 Jan, 25 April, 25 July, 18 October

CONDITIONS OF ACCEPTANCE Advertisements are accepted subject to their satisfying the condition that the products advertised are entirely free from ingredients derived from animals; that neither products nor ingredients have been tested on animals; and that the content of such ads does not promote, or appear to promote, the use of non-vegan commodities. Books, records, tapes etc. mentioned in advertisements should not contain any material contrary to vegan principles. Advertisements may be accepted from catering establishments that are not run on exclusively vegan lines, provided that vegan meals are available and that the wording of such ads reflects this. The submission of an advertisement is deemed to warrant that the advertisement does not contravene any Act of Parliament, nor is it in any other way illegal or defamatory or an infringement of any other party's rights or an infringement of the British Code of Advertising Practice. The Vegan Society reserves the right to refuse or withdraw any advertisement. Although every care is taken, the Vegan Society cannot accept liability for any loss or inconvenience incurred as a result of errors in the wording, or the late or non-appearance of an advertisement.

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING Conway Hall, Red Lion Square, Holborn, London WC1 Saturday 15 November 1997 PROPOSALS FOR RESOLUTION Proposals for resolution, to be considered by Council for inclusion on the 1997

AGM agenda, must be received at the

Society's office (Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK) not later than

Thursday 31 July. For your guidance, ordinary proposals should:

• be proposed and seconded by paid-up full (ie not supporter) members • in the interests of economy and clarity, not exceed 100 words • propose some form of action • propose one single action — ie they must not be composite proposals • not simply comprise a statement of opinion

Members considering submitting special proposals (those seeking to change the

Memorandum or Articles of Association)

When replying to an advertisement please mention that you saw it in

centimetre Typesetting: £5.00 Graphic scanning: £5.00 Spot colour (green): £5.00 Display (non-classified boxed) & Inserts Please ring for a rate card. Advertising Manager: Jenny Sawyer

are advised to contact the Company Secretary (Richard Farhall) on 01424 427393 for guidance. Proposers are requested to limit their proposals to two.

SOCIETY N O M I N A T I O N S FOR COUNCIL Nominations for members of 12 months or greater duration at the time of appointment — ie 15.11.97 — to serve on Council must be made in writing, signed and received at the office (Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA,

UK) not later than Thursday 31 July. In

accordance with Article 32(aXi) each

nomination must be:

• duly signed by a proposer and seconder who are members (not supporters) • accompanied by a profile of the candidate stating, in 100-200 words, his/her full name (and any previous names), skills, experience, views, and intentions, if elected. To nominate yourself, ask for a 'Prospective Candidate's Nomination Pack' by sending a C5 SAE marked 'PCNP' to: The Administration Officer, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA. UK

Members are reminded that candidacy is open to all members meeting the criteria outlined a b o v e

The Vegan Summer 1997  

The magazine of The Vegan Society

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