GRAND CRUELTYFREE DRAW 1995
262 KENSINGTON HIGH STREET LONDON W8 10% discount on production of The Vegan Tel: 0171 6 0 3 4 4 2 2
1 S T
Britain's oldest Lebanese restaurant, established 1968 We also serve vegetarian and vegan meals. A special set vegetarian or vegan menu at £7.85 per person (minimum of two people) consisting of nine different selections of hot and cold Lebanese hors d'oeuvres (Mezzeh).
P R I Z E
£ 1 , 0 0 0
2ND PRIZE £250 3RD PRIZE £100
ALL OUR DISHES BOAST HIGH FIBRE, LOW FAT NATURAL INGREDIENTS, AND POSITIVELY NO ADDITIVES
+ 10 consolation prizes of £10 TO BE DRAWN AT THE AGM ON 2 DECEMBER 1995
For tickets please ring Tracey Goodall on 01424 427393
Over 50 vegan wines, juices, beers and ciders available by mail order. * Nationwide Delivery * E 3 / 9 E * 5% discount for Vegan Society members Vegan Mixed Case (12 btls) 55.95 inc delivery Vegan Special Selection 75.00 inc delivery or ask for our full list. 0113 2431691
Ticket stubs and monies must be returned by Friday 24 November
Ticket sellers returning £25 worth of stubs and monies in one envelope will receive a free copy of the new Vegan Nutrition, signed by the author, Gill Langley.
Cheques/POs should be made payable to 'The Vegan Society'
65 Raglan Road, Leeds LS2 9DZ
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QUALITY FOOTWEAR FOR VEGETARIANS AND VEGANS
. Vegetarians and Vegans who have been unhappy wearing leather shoes and have found canvas and plastic shoes unsatisfactory, finally have a choice. These new 'Vegetarian shoes' look and feel like supple leather but are intact 100% man made, - the uppers are made from a new high-tec polyurethane, that is scuff-resistant, water-resistant and most importantly 'breathable' like leather. Combined with the quality, comfort and durability synonymous with Doc Martens we feel we have now produced the ultimate vegetarian shoes! O.M. SHOES £47.00 + £3.95 P&P BLACK & BROWN D M. BOOTS £49.95 • £3.95 P&P BLACK. GREEN, PURPLE & CHERRY RED Make cheques payable to VEGETARIAN SHOES, and send to:
VEGETARIAN SHOES, 12 GARDNER STREET, BRIGHTON, BN1 1UR S T O C K S A R E LIMITED SO T E L E P H O N E 0273 691913 BEFORE CALLING IN PERSON. S E N D N A M E AND A D D R E S S FOR FREE C O L O U R BROCHURE, FULL RANGE I N C L U D E S M E N S & L A D I E S S H O E S . W A L K I N G B O O T S , J A C K E T S & BELTS ETC.
A N T O W Y G A T E *
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FULL REFUND (MINUS PIP) IF GOODS ARE RETURNED IN PERFECT CONDITION WITHIN 14 OAVS ALLOW TWENTY EIGHT DAYS FOR DEUVERY
Editor Richard Farhall Design and production by Taylor McKenzie Printed by Litho Techniques (Kenley Ltd) on recycled paper. Advertising Manager Richard Farhall Advertising Sales Executive Keith Bird The Vegan is published quarterly by The Vegan Society Publication Date March, June, September, December Copy Date 25th January, 25th April, 25th July, 25th October ISSN 0307-4811 ÂŠ The Vegan Society The views expressed in The Vegan do not necessarily reflect those of the Editor or of the Vegan Society Council. Nothing printed should be construed to be Vegan Society policy unless so stated. The Society accepts no liability for any matter in the magazine. The acceptance of advertisements (including inserts) does not imply endorsement. The inclusion of product information should not be construed as constituting official Vegan Society approval for the product, its intended use, or its manufacturer/distributor. Contributions intended for publication are welcomed, but unsolicited materials will not be returned unless accompanied by an SAE.
SOCIETY The Vegan Society Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA United Kingdom. Tel. 01424 427393 Fax. 01424 717064 Office hours: Mon: 9.30-5.30; Tues-Fri: 9.00-5.30 Visitors by appointment please Registered Charity No. 279228 Company Registration No. 1468880 VAT Registration No. 448 5973 95 Founder: Donald Watson f Hon Patrons Serena Coles, Freya Dinshah Arthur Ling, Cor Nouws, Donald Watson, Robin Webb Council Terry Bevis, Alex Bourke, Patrick Browne, Frank Hutson, Robin Lane, Tony Martin (Vice Chair), Martin Masterman-Lister, Tim Powell, George Rodger, Rick 3 The Vegan, Summer 1995
Savage (Chair) Hon. Treasurer Terry Bevis Local Contacts Co-ordinator Terry Bevis Prison Liaison Officer Simon Russell STAFF General Manager Richard Farhall Membership & Information Officer Amanda Rofe (part-time) Administration Officer Keith Bird General Assistant Tracey Goodall Veganism may be defined as a way of living which seeks to exclude, as far as possible and practical, all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purpose. In dietary terms it refers to the practice of dispensing with all animal produce â€” including meat, fish, poultry, eggs, animal milks, honey, and their derivatives. Abhorrence of the cruel practices inherent in dairy, livestock and poultry farming is probably the single most common reason for the adoption of veganism, but many people are drawn to it for health, ecological, spiritual and other reasons. If you would like more information on veganism a free Information Pack is available from the Society's office in exchange for two first class stamps. The Vegan Society was formed in England in November 1944 by a group of vegetarians who had recognized and come to reject the ethical compromises implicit in lacto-(i.e. dairy-dependent)vegetarianism and consequently decided to renounce the use of all animal products. If you are already a vegan or vegan sympathizer please support the Society and help increase its influence by joining. Increased membership means more resources to educate and inform. Full membership is restricted to practising vegans, as defined above, but sympathizers are welcome as supporters of the Society. Both members and supporters receive The Vegan.
Contents Comment Democracy rules O K ? News
Let the Bell Peppers Peal Out
Ring in summer
And the Hyenas Laughed N o More?
J D Hoo Are you a cool fool?
Contacts N e w s At the grassroots
Dust off that spade 6
Would a Vegan Utopia be carnivore-free? T h e Spice of Life Introducing . . . The
Vegan Wonder Woman! In the Footsteps of Paul McCartney
Mainly for men Dear Doc Michael Klaper M D advises
S w a m p Circus! 24 Laughter and dare devilry without cruelty
Weirdo Alert! Part 2 More tips for vegan virgins
Postbag You write
Goodies alert! ffgflflft Itiitriiiilionjil
Y o u n g Vegans
Publications & Promotional G o o d s
N e w s from overseas A Vegan in the Family Clowning Around
The Vegan Society Trade Mark is the property of the Vegan Society. The Society is prepared to authorize the use of its trade mark on products which accord with its 'no animal ingredients' and 'no animal testing' criteria. Applications for use should be addressed to the General Manager. Unauthorized use is strictly forbidden.
The Vegan Prize Crossword 1 Tease your brain
Agnita the hen meets Fairy Liberator
Cover illustration: Mark Thatcher Chief illustrator: Suzanne White lock
Comment Indeed, it has been said that democracy is the worst form of Government except all those other forms that ha\'e been tried from time to time. Winston Churchill
I notice that many of the newer organizations in the spheres of vegetarianism, vivisection, animal welfare and animal rights have rejected democracy as the means of governing their activities. Of course, democratic control of an organization can be highly distracting from and disruptive to the purpose pursued. All shades of opinion have to be taken into account before proceeding with a particular policy; criticisms, especially internal ones, have to be answered as fully and politely
News No Stopping Us Now * The '1995 Realeat Survey into Meat-Eating and Vegetarianism' puts the number of adult vegans in the UK at around 170,000. The total number of adult vegetarians (and vegans) has risen to 4.5% of the population (1993 — 4.3%; 1984 — 2.1%).
Export Update The campaign against live exports continues unabated, thanks to the unstinting efforts of hundreds of dedicated activists who have stuck it out — whatever the personal cost. Despite overwhelming public support, the UK Government and EU show few signs of acting to alleviate the suffering (of the animals concerned and the activists). The campaign at Shoreham 4
as possible; demagogues (rabble rousers) can portray themselves as the voice of the majority when in fact they are usually [misleading a faction against the duly elected. Much energy is therefore used in defending the decisions of an elected body. Even though much of this can be regarded as wasteful effort, it does help validate and strengthen an organization that is democratically controlled. Above all, democracy allows for the possibility of change and renewal — ie those in control can be removed.
took an unusual turn when the Chief Constable of Sussex stated that he could no longer afford to police the demonstrations (estimated at £36,000 a day) and threatened to arrest any livestock truck drivers attempting to use the port on the days his officers weren't present! As expected, the High Court ordered Dover Harbour Board to lift its ban on the live animal trade. Consequently, Dover harbour (the easiest to police) is seeing huge numbers of animals pass through it every day. Unfortunately, the campaign hasn't attracted the same level of public involvement as seen at Brightlingsea and more bodies are urgently needed (information: 01304 362666). With the re-opening of Dover, shipments through Plymouth have ceased. One or two lorries are still delivering calves daily to Baginton airport (near Coventry). The haulier responsible, Christopher Baratt-Jolly has been charged with affray after he allegedly shot at a protester who
In the Vegan Society, a Council of up to twelve elected members forms the governing body. Each year, at least one-third of the seats on Council must be vacated and subjected to an election (only electing or re-electing a third of Council each year helps to ensure that any change is gradual and well-considered rather than rapid and ill-conceived). The elected Council members, while representing the broad swath of opinions within the Society, are there as its guardians — guardians of the objects and ideals of the Vegan Society, guardians also of the resources at its disposal. It is as guardians that Council members guide and govern the Society. It should, however, be borne in mind that for every exciting initiative decided, there is a great deal of administration attached to it; if the initiative becomes a permanent feature of the Society's activities then there is only the administration to decide. I would encourage all members to involve themselves with the Society — much can be done at local level encouraging restaurateurs, hospitals and schools to provide vegan meals, showing the video, organizing
food tastings, leafleting etc. If you consider you can commit both your time and expertise to serving on Council, then stand for election [See enclosed AGM Notice]. The Animal-Free Shopper is a classic example of a longstanding initiative of the Society, originally published as the Vegan Trade List in 1954, it has been produced at regular intervals since. Each Animal-Free Shopper is not, however, an amended reprint of the previous edition; each is compiled from scratch. Every product in it is researched anew to ensure that no changes of ingredients or production methods have occurred. The chasing of manufacturers and retailers is an immensely labour intensive undertaking. It is only through this thorough and probing technique that new facts come to light — such as apple juice occasionally being clarified with gelatine. In short, the Animal-Free Shopper is an essential item for all vegans so buy one now! Rick Savage
was trying to film him. Despite attempts by Essex police to scare protesters into submission, the Brightlingsea campaign remains strong.
Please consult your membership card for your renewal date. Reminders are issued with The Vegan.
Danger: Carrots! Since March, the UK Government has been (quietly) advising eaters of non-organically grown shop-bought carrots to cut off the top 2 - 3 millimetres and peel them because it has identified "unexpectedly high residues of acutely toxic pesticides in individual carrots". The residues concerned are organophosphate (OP) insecticides — originally developed as nerve gases — used to combat carrot root fly.
Membership Renewals Members and Supporters with annual memberships are requested to renew promptly. Those renewing very late (8 weeks and over) will be treated as new applicants and so will lose continuity of membership.
Meat and No Veg For many years, researchers have been at a loss to explain why the nomadic Masai of Kenya and Tanzania have such a low incidence of heart disease when they live almost exclusively on meat and milk. Now, however, Canadian researchers from McGill University's Centre for Nutrition and the Environment of Indigenous Peoples think they have the answer. Cholesterol-lowering chemicals called 'saponins' have been found in four barks regularly added to foods by Ihe Batemi, close neighbours of the Masai. Like the Masai, the Batemi add bark tonics, medicines, and flavourings to meaty stews and milky drinks. Saponins — found in more than 100 plants including chickpeas, soyabeans and navy beans The Vegan, Summer 1995
— are thought to bind to cholesterol, thereby preventing its absorption from the gut into the bloodstream. New Scientist, 18.2.95
MEPs Back Bean Milk Seventy-two MEPs have signed a petition supporting the continued us of the traditional name 'soya milk' in the UK. The petition also calls upon the European Commission to drop court proceedings against the UK Government for continuing to permit its use.
World Vegan Day
On 9 March, the McDonald's libel trial reached its 100th day in court. The action, brought by the $24 billion-a-year fast food giant against unwaged vegans Helen Steel and Dave Morris, is set to run throughout 1995 — making it the longest libel trial in UK legal history. Details: McLibel Support Campaign, c/o 5 Caledonian Road, London N1 9DX. 0171 713 1269.
Scottish researchers have demonstrated that airborne pollution is causing nitrogen to accumulate in the tissues of plants growing in threatened habitats such as sphagnum, lowland heaths and heather moors. The ecologists speculate that the nitrogen buildup will attract pests and allow other plant species to invade and permanently alter the habitats. Most of the nitrogen is coming from ammonia which has evaporated from animal urine.
National Lottery 1 The National Lotteries Charity Board has announced that its first grants programme, scheduled for the Autumn, will aim to "improve the quality of life of people and communities in the UK who are disadvantaged by poverty." It will therefore concentrate on helping organizations working with those on low incomes.
National Lottery 2 This year's World Vegan Day takes place on Wednesday 1 November. Please give some thought to how you could help promote veganism on, or around this date. Possibilities include: cookery demonstrations; letters to local newspapers; leafleting/protests outside dairies, leather shops etc; sponsored events with a vegan slant — eg how many tubs of Swedish Glace you can consume in an hour; displays in libraries and healthfood shops, showings of Truth or Dairy or A Diet For All Reasons. More details in the Autumn Vegan.
One sure way of making certain your 'chance' money is used to promote veganism is to support the Society's own national lottery — the 1995 Grand CrueltyFree Draw. Once again there is an incentive for you bulk ticket sellers: a signed copy of Gill Langley's Vegan Nutrition (second edition). All you have to do is send in £50 worth of stubs and monies in one envelope. Let's see if we can improve on the £2,466 generated in '94! Once again, apologies to members and supporters with ethical objections to ticket selling; the Society has few reliable sources of income.
VEGECAT The Vegan Society has taken over from Katz Go Vegan as the sole UK importer of Vegecat and Vegekit — supplements which, when added to home-made meals, supply all the nutrients needed by vegan cats and kittens. For a Vegecat Information Pack send an SAE marked 'Vegecat'.
5 The Vegan, Summer 1995
In the highly polluted southeast of England research aircraft have recorded a tenfold increase in airborne ammonia as they pass over rich cattle pastures. (A dairy cow produces around 40 litres of urine a day.) However, the problem is greatest in The Netherlands, where cattle and pigs outnumber humans. New Scientist 25.3.95
Patents On 1 March 1995, the European Parliament rejected a new European law which would have given the go-ahead to the patenting of genetically-engineered animals. The 10-issues-a-year bulletin of the Genetics Forum, The Splice of Life, contains details of the latest patent applications for genetically-engineered foods and products — as well as developments in the world of gene manipulation. Contact: The Genetics Forum, Worship Street, London EC2A 2BH.
Apologies... To Bob Phipps, elder brother of Jill Phipps, who was inadvertently omitted from Jill's obituary in the Spring 1995 Vegan.
In Brief • A thousand years ago, a squirrel could cross England from the Severn through the Midlands to the Wash without setting foot on the ground. Today, Britain is one of the least forested countries in Europe, with only 10% of its land covered by trees. New Scientist 24.9.94 • Consumption of meat and poultry (kg/person): America - 74.2, Italy - 61.7, Spain - 61.7, UK 37.29. Meat Trades Journal 27.4.95
• 60% of dairy cows go lame once during a lactation and, in an average herd of 100 cows, 25% are "positively" lame at any on time. Farmers Weekly 3.3.95 • British-born Australian vegan, Ian Tinker came 161st out of 34,000 starters in the 1994 Honolulu Marathon. Huddersfield Daily Examiner 27.2.95 • Kenneth Kaunda, 70-year-old former president of Zambia is, apparently, a "strict vegetarian, eating only raw vegetables and fruit." The Times Magazine, 15.4.95 • "By six weeks of age, 25% of broilers exhibit moderate to severe lameness due mainly to genetic selection for fast growth and breast muscle... close to 100% of [battery] hens show signs of healed bone fractures caused by lack of exercise." Farmers Weekly 28.4.95 • Edinburgh University vets have found that tail docking and castration of lambs causes "considerable acute pain". Well what a surprise. Farmers Weekly, 10.3.95 • MAFF has warned pregnant women to avoid close contact with sheep during lambing. They, and their unborn child, could risk being infected by Chlamydia psittaci. Farmers Weekly 24.2.95 • According to a study carried out at a slaughter house in southern England, lambs arriving for slaughter from a livestock auction are four times more likely to die in lairage or during transit than those sent direct from the farm. Farmers Weekly 12.8.94 • The Linda McCartney brand, launched 4 years ago by Ross Young (a division of United Biscuits), now has a 30% share of the £100m meat-free frozen food market. The Observer, 14.5.95 • To help boost prices, during 1995 European Commission officials will 'remove' from the market: 80,000 tonnes of cauliflowers, 70,000t tomatoes and 950,000t apples. Farmers Weekly, 14.4.95 • Between September 1994 and February 1995, MAFF received 20,000 letters on animal welfare. Meat Trades Journal 3.3.95
HYENAS LAUGHED NO MORE?
In a Vegan Utopia the environmentalists would not have it all their own way â€” there'd be no place for predation. Andrew Luke explains w h y . . .
his article is motivated by a concern that veganism and environmentalism are not compatible ideologies. For the p u r p o s e s of this piece I shall use 'environm e n t a l i s m ' to denote the ideology of pres e r v i n g t h e w o r l d in its natural state in perpetuity, and doing so because nature is s o m e t h i n g that should be preserved in its o w n r i g h t , r e g a r d l e s s of its i n s t r u m e n t a l value f o r h u m a n (or other) beings.
Interference N o w , there are numerous reasons for being vegan. On environmental or anthropocentric g r o u n d s , the production of animal-derived f o o d s , etc, is inefficient and this either cause s u n n e c e s s a r y e n v i r o n m e n t a l d a m a g e or results in human starvation. One might also b e v e g a n b e c a u s e o n e o b j e c t s to h a r m i n g sentient beings. Most vegans, I suspect, are v e g a n f o r a c o m b i n a t i o n of these reasons; however, for those w h o are vegan partly or primarily f o r the latter reason and w h o lay claim to being environmentalists, problems of i n c o n s i s t e n c y arise. If w e are to t a k e objections to harming sentient life seriously, t h e n t h e r e are g o o d vegan r e a s o n s f o r i n t e r f e r i n g w i t h n a t u r e to m a k e it m o r e humane. T h e idea of interfering with nature to the extent required has certainly been around for a while. For example, in his novel, Men Like Gods, H G Wells paints a picture of a Utopia in w h i c h t h e w o r l d h a s b e e n m a d e into a G a r d e n of E d e n . N o x i o u s a n i m a l s and plants, those that have a tendency to eat or sting h u m a n s , h a v e b e e n e x t i r p a t e d . T h i s p r o c e s s , the U t o p i a n s e x p l a i n , has taken m a n y centuries. E a c h species of plant and animal w a s considered for its aesthetic value 6
and ecological importance, and those that are both noxious and extraneous have been done away with.
A Vegan Utopia Wells' Utopia is not vegan â€” nor even vegetarian: the primary motive was to provide human beings with a paradise in which to live. However, there is no reason we should not e n v i s a g e a vegan version of this Wellsian Utopia, a Garden Earth in which the harms that befall all beings have been eradicated, or at least reduced to a minimum. This might involve eliminating those creatures that are inimical to this project, such as carnivores. Would this be morally acceptable? Anyone with the slightest environmentalist s e n t i m e n t s is likely to be horrified by this suggestion. In part this is pragmatic: mass interference with the eco-system would risk global environmental destruction. Mosquitoes can be a nuisance, so eradicating them might seem like a good idea, but what effect would this have on the rest of the eco-system? The repercussions could be cataclysmic. Whilst admitting that such practical considerations may render the project difficult or impossible, they are beside the point since the question I am asking is a moral one: If it were possible for us to create a vegan paradise, would we be morally right to do so? M a n y people will find the proposition objectionable for altogether different reasons, partly moral, partly aesthetic. It seems profoundly wrong for a species that has been existent for the merest blink of a geological eye to eradicate irrecoverably what has taken nature millions of years to create. Who are
We must be careful not to be carried away with nature worship we to decide which species are noxious and deserve to be exterminated, and which are to be spared? The answer is that we are rational, moral beings fundamentally opposed to harming our sentient brethren. We must be careful not to be carried away with nature worship. Nature can indeed be profoundly beautiful at times; however, it can also be obscenely cruel. Hyenas, for example, do not have a particular method of killing their prey: once they have run it to ground, they eat it alive. As Wells' Utopians argue, creating a Garden Earth is about replacing the blind indifference of nature with the civilized compassion of man. Such a project should appeal to vegans. Environmentalist vegans will certainly not be appreciative of such a proposal for two reasons. Firstly, doing so would violate the environmentalist ideology of preserving the natural world; and secondly, there seems to be an asymmetry between h u m a n ' s abstaining from eating other animals and our interfering with nature to prevent hyenas, say, doing so. When one eats an animal, it might be argued, one is causing that animal's death, albeit indirectly, and therefore we are responsible for its death. However, we are not responsible in the slightest degree for the wildebeest that is eaten by hyenas. The reply hinges upon whether there is a moral difference between acting to cause harm and omitting to prevent it. So, f o r example, I may act to cause your death by The Vegan, Summer 1995
is profoundly beautiful and so ought to be preserved. This is problematic since we are justifying suffering on the grounds that it is necessary to satisfy our aesthetic sensibilities. However, imagine if someone were to propose torturing and killing large numbers of people in order to create a great work of art. No matter the aesthetic value of such a work, we would regard the proposition as monstrous; however, we cannot reject this proposition without r e c o g n i z i n g that the same logic militates against an aesthetic defence of nature. Alternatively, we may wish to argue that it is morally wrong to prevent animals living their lives according to their nature. T o stop hyenas, say, f r o m hunting in a c c o r dance with their natures, is to cause them to be frustrated, and frustration is a f o r m of harm. H o w e v e r , this largely misses the point. What is being considered is the creation of a paradise in which those creatures that caused suffering are largely extirpated. In this case there are no hyenas to be frustrated. In any case by allowing the hyenas to live according to their nature, we are, by dint of omission, not only preventing other animals living their lives at all, but c a u s i n g them to experience most unpleasant deaths. Why should we be more concerned about the hyenas than about the wildebeest they eat?
holding your head under water until you are dead; or I may fail to save you from drowning in a lake into which you have just fallen. Although the role that I play in your death is different, in both cases the consequence is the same: you die. But is this sufficient to make acting to cause your death immoral while failing to save you is acceptable, or is the perceived difference illusory? I tend to the view that there is no moral difference between an act and an omission. Consider disasters in which large numbers of people s u f f e r and die. such as on the Zaire-Rwanda border. These leave us feeling that something should be done. This is not just a matter of our empathizing with these people, thinking we wouldn't like it if it happened to us; rather, we feel that we as individuals, or our society as a whole, are obliged to do something if we are to discharge our moral duties. Similarly, the fact that we are members of an organization dedicated to spreading the vegan word suggests we are not convinced that it is enough for us merely to avoid being the cause of suffering and death. Tacitly at least, we appear to accept that we are morally obliged to act to prevent others causing harm. Taking this view, however, commits us to the position that omitting to prevent harm is immoral. 7 The Vegan, Summer 1995
Moral Obligation If, in order to discharge our moral duties, we are obliged to act to prevent harm, then we ought to interfere with nature to stop the suffering and death that occur there. Given the power to create a world free of suffering, or at least in which the amount of suffering is vastly reduced (eg by doing away with hyenas), then we ought to utilize that power. Failure to do so is a culpable omission on our part. This, however presents environmentalist vegans with a problem: on the one hand our environmentalist tendencies urge us to preserve, in perpetuity, as much of the world in as natural state as possible; but this contradicts the considerations above. So we must either reject our vegan sentiments or our environmentalism. T h e former option is none too appealing since there is powerful logic to the pro-vegan argument. This leaves us with the second option, to abandon attempts to preserve the world in as natural state as possible in favour of creating a Garden of Eden along the Wellsian lines for the benefit of all concerned (except for the hyenas). Three responses spring to mind. W e could argue on aesthetic grounds that nature
Finally, we may view the extermination of a species as an immoral act in itself. Presumably, such a claim will be grounded on a view of species as individual entities that deserve moral consideration. If w e so view species, tensions arise. Why should we worry more about the species hyena, taken as an individual entity deserving moral consideration, than about the individual wildebeest that the hyenas catch and eat? There seems no reason to suppose that this sort of query should be resolved in f a v o u r of the species. In addition, it is not at all clear that we should accept this view of species. Our objection to harming animals rests ultimately on their being sentient creatures who can suffer and for whom the permanent loss of consciousness (death) is a harm. Species are a radically different case since they cannot be construed as sentient entities, and this must cast doubt upon c l a i m s that they deserve moral consideration. The conclusion of all of this is that we should interfere with nature to make it more humane, and ultimately aspire to creating a vegan paradise on the Earth. This should not be seen as giving carte blanch to those w h o would run rampant with motorways and ecologically destructive consumerism since this will result in the suffering and death of many animals, human and otherwise. T h e basic immorality of causing such harm to (individual) animals is an underlying tenet of the above considerations.
Julia Hope Jacquel catches up with Spice Wil iams, the 'Vegan Wonder Woman'
t ' s 8 . 0 0 a m and Spice Williams has already been awake f o r 3 hours and cons u m e d t w o m e a l s . S p i c e is an actress, stunt w o m a n , b o d y b u i l d e r , wrestler, kick b o x e r and professional athlete. She belongs to the Stunt W o m e n ' s Association and has a p p e a r e d in the f o l l o w i n g films/American T V series: Star Trek V, The Guyver & the Naked Truth, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Woman in Prison, Melrose 8
Place and Acapulco Heat. She also co-hosts a live call-in talk s h o w , Chatterbox, in L o s Angeles, with her gym partner Patricia Tallman, w h o also is an actress and stunt woman. It can be seen currently on cable but negotiations are being made for it to go on network television. The show developed out of William's and Tallman's daily antics at the gym where they work out. While kick boxing and having a go at the punch bag they exhibit the same athletic ability as their male counterparts yet continue to talk about issues that affect their lives â€” such as relationships, anger, sexuality and spirituality. One day a man at the gym said to them, "All you two do is chatter!" Spice feels everyone goes to work in the gym on a problem, whether physical or emotional. That's how the series developed.
Spreading the Spice Spice is involved in so many different projects! She loves to write and gets a little help from her husband who is a Hollywood writer and producer. She has written a sitcom called The Body Shop which takes place in a gym and produces a monthly magazine
Physical, which provides information ranging from bodybuilding and exercise techniques to nutrition, food combining and spirituality, Spice includes only vegan recipes in the magazines. She is also a contributing writer to Ms Fitness Magazine. S o m e of her articles (that have appeared worldwide) include: 'The Facts About Fat', 'Food Allergies and Candida Albicans', ' T h e Truth About Meat & Dairy' and 'Bulimia: The Underground E p i d e m i c ' . These have received a great deal of praise. Her book, Diet for a New Age, is about how to make the transition to vegetarianism. Not everyone we deal with is going to be open to the idea of vegetarianism and, as Spice points out, "When you try and preach to people they shut down. By providing accurate information on health and nutrition we at least show them the way and then it's up to them." Spice pauses for a few seconds and wonders whether she has told me about the benefit she produces every year for abused children. With the help of sixty other Hollywood celebrities she has raised over $45,000 for abused children in the Los Angeles area. "This is something I will continue to do and I hope others in Hollywood will see a connection between other social issues that we can all personally affect." Recently Spice turned down the opportuThe Vegan, Summer 1995
The producer offered to let her spit out the meat! nity to do a Taco Bell commercial and earn $30,000 because they wanted her to eat a taco with meat. She said if they came up with T V P tacos then she would consider doing the commercial. The producer offered to let her spit out the meat! Naturally, someone else has done the commercial yet some top official at Taco Bell must have taken note because now when you visit Taco Bell restaurants a sign is displayed on the order counter listing seven vegetarian items.
The Making of Spice
mal has a soul and spirit". Spice usually doesn't divulge her age (42) or vital statistics because of the f o c u s in Hollywood on youth and being thin. I can tell you she gets parts that are generally taken by actresses in their late 20s or early 30s. She works out daily either in her home or at the gym, which she prefers f o r the camaraderie. Her body fat has been as low as 5%. She is very proud of her role as Vixis in Star Trek V because she was the first Klingon ever to show her muscular arms and legs in the series of movies. That role gained her international fame. She receives fan mail worldwide and attends Star Trek conventions. The producers couldn't believe she
Spice Williams was born in Hollywood, California. She has a twin sister who is a vegetarian. Born with dysentery and asthma, Spice's life got off to a shaky start. At age 18 she had a near-death experience when she 'clinically died' on the operating table in a hospital after a horrific car accident. She came back to life but was in a coma for six days. She went on the road as an entertainer / musician and became addicted to the medicinal drugs prescribed to her following the accident. This self destructive path continued for five years. By 1976 she had overdosed three times on drugs and alcohol. One day Spice realized there had to be another way and moved home to LA where she began to turn her life around. She studied nutrition, homoeopathy and food combining. Spice quickly became a vegetarian and in 1978, a vegan.
ft JL* & liW *
Since then her career has skyrocketed. She has healed her body through nutrition, exercise and a positive attitude Spice as 'Vixis' in Star Trek V and her asthma has disappeared. She and her husband have been studying A Course in Miracles and the She was the first Klingon ever teachings of the Self-Realization to show her muscular Foundation, established by Paramahansa arms and legs in the series Yogananda.
Spiciness in Action At a young age Spice had a clear affection for animals. She grew up on a farm and attended a Catholic school. The school wanted to expel Spice because they taught the students that animals don't have souls and she adamantly disagreed and caused a major coup with her philosophy. She defends her view by stating that "every ani9 The Vegan, Summer 1995
was a vegan! I remind her that Spock has been wondering for years why earthlings aren't vegetarian like Vulcans. Spice's increasing popularity has generated many articles about her regimen. Muscle & Fitness Magazine reported on her routine, including food intake. At the end of the article the magazine incorrectly stated
'If I eat butter it will kill me and my family will have to file suit against you' that she ate chicken and fish. Spice received over 100 angry letters from vegetarians all over the world â€” all of which she answered personally. Spice loves to give advice on how to dine out. That is the biggest area of discussion with her friends. People often wonder how this super-active bodybuilding vegan w o m a n gets enough food when dining out. "First of all I do not apologize for being a vegetarian and would n e v e r say t h i n g s like 'Pardon me, I am a vegetarian.' I state I am a vegetarian and d o n ' t make it easy on the server. "Don't bring m e that shit which is not suitable for my consumption. No meat, chicken, fish, eggs, milk, butter or animal products, understand?' " I guess all the server has to do is take o n e look at Spice's highly-defined biceps and they w o n ' t m e s s up her order. On any occasion that Spice suspects that her vegies have been cooked in butter she will promptly tell the server: "I have this disease. If I eat butter it will kill me and my family will have to file suit against you." In America, they immediately bring her a fresh order and grovel with apologies. Spice remembers that when she b e c a m e vegan it was f o r vanity to clean u p her b o d y and rid it of excess fat and toxins that c o m e f r o m dairy. If there is anything this gentle woman is a stickler on it is her opinion of how detrimental dairy products are to the body. Today Spice is at ease talking about her total commitment to veganism for health, environmental and ethical reasons. "People still think I am a fanatic but they see how much energy I possess and how I look and feel." There is no d e n y i n g it, Spice Williams is one vegan who radiates the benefits of this cruelty-free lifestyle! Her latest project is motherhood â€” but this didn't stop Spice continuing to work out and kick box during pregnancy. If you would like to meet Spice in person you can catch her at the 1995 International Vegan Festival. She will be speaking there as well as showing off Luke Gregory Crosby who was born in February. He weighed in at 61bs and is well on his way to becoming a vegan bodybuilder!
THE FOOTSTEPS OF PAUL MCCARTNEY But there are no decent alternatives to leather shoes. Not true - but, as David Fisher discovers, if you're not well-heeled there's plenty of room for improvement The Big Boot Boys
hilst walking the well-trodden path f r o m vegetarianism to veganism, I have become increasingly concerned about the suitability of my footwear. K a t h a r i n e A Gilchrist ( ' C l o t h i n g W i t h o u t B e a s t l i n e s s ' , The Vegan, S p r i n g 1995) is quite right w h e n she says people seem to be m o r e concerned about not eating, and experi m e n t i n g on a n i m a l s , than w e a r i n g t h e m . M a n y vegetarians I know still go about with animal skin on their feet because 'there just i s n ' t any alternative'. T o put an end to such e x c u s e s I decided to find out just what alternatives to leather footwear are available. (I h a v e c o n c e n t r a t e d on m e n ' s s h o e s , not b e c a u s e of s o m e d e e p m i s o g y n o u s streak, but because as a man, these are what I generally wear.)
Stocking Up S u m m e r is the time when most shops suffer f r o m a rash of canvas. One assumes vegans are supposed to rush out and stock up for the y e a r . All t h e m a j o r c h a i n s — i n c l u d i n g British H o m e Stores (BHS), C&A, Cooperative Society, Debenhams. and M a r k s & S p e n c e r ( M & S ) stock a seasonal selection with prices starting at around £6. But are they a n i m a l - f r e e ? M & S has a tendency to trim its c a n v a s with leather. Most of the rest said that as far as they were aware no animal derivatives were used in adhesives etc. B H S p e r h a p s g a v e the m o s t h o n e s t a n s w e r : it " w o u l d not like to c o m m e n t without having a full lab test". So, canvas shoes are not necessarily v e g a n - f r i e n d l y . In any case, d o n ' t you find they get a little soggy in the s n o w ? 10
The British Shoe Corporation has 2,050 outlets in the U K trading as Cable & Co, F r e e m a n Hardy Willis, Roland Cartier, Curtess, Dolcis, S a x o n e , Shoecity, Trueform and Shoe Express. Its head office told me that F r e e m a n Hardy Willis and Shoe Express sell formal and casual m e n ' s shoes with P V C or polyurethane uppers, and P V C or r u b b e r soles f o r £ 1 0 - £ 1 5 . "Components are all chemical and syntheticbased" — but I don't think we can assume f r o m this that they are all animal-free. Clarks International has 667 outlets trading as T h e Clarks Shop, K Shoes, James Baker, Peter Lord and Bayne & Duckett. S h o e f a y r e stocks PVC/polyurethane m e n ' s shoes at £9.99 and £10.99 but states that it cannot guarantee the shoes are animalfree. Stead & Simpson sells a 'City Styles' ("free-from-animal-products") range of synthetic m e n ' s shoes for £12.99 a pair, but is only available at what it calls "sale time". It also sells trainers under the names Hi-tech, Ascot, Match and Mercury (£16.99-£ 19.99). They are supposedly synthetic but I have found some trimmed with leather.
The precise nature of the materials used in their manufacture is similarly open to question Like the department stores, most of the high street shoe retailers sell canvas footwear in the summer; however, the precise nature of the materials used in their manufacture is similarly open to question. Schuh 'Clothing For Feet' shops constitute the one vegan oasis in the high street. It stocks m e n ' s shoes (£39.99) and boots (£49.99) with Doc Marten soles, in a range of colours, made from Lorica. Schuh label
its shoes as 'vegetarian' and say they are free from all animal products. Unfortunately, as yet, it has only 13 outlets from Nottingham northwards.
In the Post Not so long ago, suggests Harriet Quick (Weekend Guardian, 8.4.95), "real men never shopped by post. It was for nerds . . . Now on his mobile phone, catalogue man is cool." Ethical Wares carries the Vegan Society trade mark and offers a range of boots, shoes and trainers in linen and a breathable nonleather material. Prices range between £20 and £77. Green Shoes and Made to Last stock animal-free handmade shoes in a variety of styles. Shoes are based on the drawing of your feet you send with your order. Prices range between £35 and £75. Vegetarian Shoes of Brighton has the widest selection of m e n ' s non-leather shoes in a breathable, animal-firee material. If the usual Doc Marten style is not your sort of thing try its loafers or brogues. Prices range between £34 and £74. Paul McCartney is one of its more famous customers and can even be seen wearing a pair on the cover of his Paul is Live album. There are plenty of alternatives to leather and canvas is not the only, or, obvious choice. However, the fact that most of the high street shops don't really know (or care? — The Head of Corporate Communications at C & A regretted he d i d n ' t have time to answer my questions) what goes into their shoes is not encouraging. You can be more certain if you buy from Schuh or the mail order companies but, with an average price tag of £50, not everyone can afford to. Perhaps, if more of us ask the mainstream shops for reasonably-priced quality animalfree footwear, they will see the commercial potential of such a venture? The Vegan, Summer 1995
Michael Klaper MD, author of 'Vegan Nutrition: Pure & Simple' and 'Pregnancy, Children & the Vegan Diet' answers another of your questions What food or possible supplement would you suggest for hair loss in a woman who is already vegetarian or vegan?
infections. Insufficient acid and enzyme production means insufficient digestion and absorption of protein, iron and other nutrients required for hair growth — and many other vital functions. (Other symptoms of under-production of stomach acid and enzymes include bloating, flatulence and an uncomfortable, heavy feeling in the upper abdomen immediately after eating. These people feel that 'they are not digesting their food well' for a good reason. They are not.) If a woman suspects that her hair loss may be linked to deficiency of acid and enzymes, she should consult her doctor, who may investigate the conditions mentioned above, and might choose to measure the acid production in her stomach (Through a simple, non-invasive test — the Heidelberg capsule). Alternatively, the doctor or the woman herself may elect for a 'trial of therapy' by obtaining the appropriate enzyme/acid supplements from a healthfood store or pharmacy and using them at mealtimes for several months.
betaine per tablet). Since you want the acid and enzymes in the stomach as the food is ingested, I feel that one or two enzyme tablets should be taken, ideally, at the beginning, once during, and at the end of any meal other than simple fruit. (Some authorities feel that the enzymes should be taken at the conclusion of the meal — a manoeuvre that seems to me might result in insufficient mixing of the food with the enzymes. I believe taking the tablets at the beginning of the meal is the most efficacious.)
FEEDS THE HUNGRY WITHOUT EXPLOITING ANIMALS
Ideally, the enzyme supplements should contain amylases (for digesting starches), lipases (for digesting fats) and proteases (for digesting proteins). Specific protease enzymes — often listed on the supplement labels — include pepsin, trypsin and chymotrypsin. Since plants synthesize enzymes that perform the same functions as those found in the digestive tracts of animals, enzymes derived exclusively from non-animal sources are now widely available.
Please telephone Lydford (= 0182 282) 203 (or Hitchin (= 01462)456294for more demits — Covenant Forms/Bankers Order Forms etc. & (SC Visitors' Accom) or write (SAE appreciated) to:
The enzyme supplement should also contain substances that increase the acidity of the stomach, such as betaine (HCL) hydrochloride (at least 200mg of
Many people who arc truly deficient in the above digestive factors often notice immediate improvement upon instituting enzyme/acid therapy — ie less gas, less abdominal heaviness after meals, etc. For others, the improvement in digestion may be more subtle or even imperceptible. To determine the effect of such a supplementation programme upon hair loss and regrowth, enzyme therapy should be continued for at least six months and then re-evaluated to see if benefits appear from the hairline up.
Hair loss, especially in women, can be due to digestive/nutritional problems, as well as serious medical conditions. Before a woman with thinning hair tries any of the suggested therapies, she should see her doctor to be assured that her hair loss is not secondary to hypothyroidism, hormone imbalance, or other significant organic causes. After any needed medical investigations, attention should be turned to the digestive system because hair loss, especially in women, can be a sign of insufficient production of hydrochloric acid and digestive enzymes by the stomach and/or inadequate digestive enzyme secretion by the pancreas. The acid and enzyme-secreting ability of the stomach can be damaged in anyone who repeatedly injures this organ through ways that are common in today's lifestyles. High-protein diets, such
as those based upon meat, chicken and fish, repeatedly summon up a stomach full of acid every several hours. From the bacon and eggs or cereal with milk at breakfast, through the lunchtime fish sandwich, to the evening entree of meat or chicken, and well beyond the ice cream for dessert or latenight cheese snack, our eating habits give our stomach linings little respite from the potent hydrochloric acid baths. (Concentrated plant proteins, such as large amounts of tofu, legumes, or isolated soya protein, may have a similar effect in vegan stomachs.) Frequently added to this overacid milieu are more repeated insults: exposure to hot coffee, chilli peppers, alcoholic drinks and the freezing temperatures of ice cold beverages. In some people, this sustained, combined onslaught can damage the delicate cells in the lining of the stomach that manufacture the complex digestive enzymes and that secrete hydrochloric acid. The enzymesecreting ability of the pancreas can also be damaged by chronic alcohol ingestion and repeated episodes of pancreatitis or viral
The Overseas Aid Charity for Vegetarians & Vegans is
VEGFAM (Registered Charily Nr. 232208, Inland Revenue Ref XN8555)
The Fragile Environment of Developing Countries cannot support TWO populations — Humans and their Food Animals. For nearly 30 years VEGFAM has provided short and long-term Relief to People who have been the victims of Drought, Flood, Cyclone or War in 30 Countries. Our Supporters control how much of their Donation goes on Administration since VEGFAM operates three separate Funds for the use of Donors/Testators the particulars of which are: • DONATIONS for PROJECTS* go to The Midland Bank pic Deposit a/c Nr. 73006921 Bedford Square, at • Donations for Administration TAVISTOCK. Expenses* = a/c Nr. 71117696 Devon, PL19 0AH • Donations for Office Building SORT CODE: 40-44-05 Fund* go to a/c Nr. 91125257 *Funds needed URGENTLY VEGFAM, "The Sanctuary", Nr. Lydford, OKEHAMPTON, Devon, EX20 4AL Thank you for your Support
11 The Vegan, Summer 1995
Other nutrients required for healthy hair growth are zinc (50mg/day) and linolenic acid (found in 1 - 2 teaspoons of flaxseed oil) that can be spooned over vegetables in place of margarine, added to salad dressings, etc. To assure adequate amounts of other vitamins and minerals, a high-potency multivitamin / mineral preparation taken several times per week may be of value; however, increasing one's intake of fresh, organic fruits and vegetables — the best source of these nutrients — is always a good idea.
Dr Klaper regrets unable to undertake by post/telephone
that he is consultations
John Callaghan continues his journey of animal-free discovery and offers some helpful advice for fresh-faced vegans
ALERT! PART 2
A few suggestions for dealing with parents 1 Get s o m e information together on vegan nutrition and diet. Stress the fact that most d i n n e r s can b e turned into v e g a n - f r i e n d l y d i s h e s with a little i m a g i n a t i o n . Let t h e m k n o w that m a n y of the things they eat are also suitable f o r vegans and there is an animal-free alternative for almost every animalderivative-containing food. 2 As regards the price of the alternatives, it is essential that you show a willingness to meet mater and pater halfway. Buy as many vegan products as you can to show you are serious. W h e n trying to get your parents to stump up f o r the rest, make sure that you get w h a t y o u n e e d to e n j o y y o u r f o o d and remain healthy without going over the top. P a r e n t s a r e n ' t likely to be i m p r e s s e d by d e m a n d s f o r V e n e z u e l a n s u n f l o w e r bread which tastes gorgeous but is three times as expensive as the local supermarket loaf. If t h e y b a l k at t h e w h o l e c o n c e p t a n d p r i c e of v e g a n p r o d u c t s , go t h r o u g h e a c h one individually, explaining why you can't have the product they already buy and why you need to have an alternative. 3 O f f e r to cook your own food. This completely takes out all the arguments based on ' m a k i n g m o r e w o r k f o r m e ' . It will also s h o w that y o u ' r e e x h i b i t i n g a d e g r e e of maturity â€” persuasive stuff. H o w e v e r it is important to k e e p this up once y o u ' v e started otherwise y o u ' r e going to look quite silly a n d will h a v e taken o n e step b a c k in the ' Y o u c a n ' t treat m e like a kid anymore' contest. 4 S h o w t h e m how animals are exploited. B e w a r n e d : this strategy of ' l e t t i n g t h e m 12
have it between the two eyes' must be carefully planned and not used in a fit of temper. It could backfire if either one, or both of your parents are so badly affected by photographs of, for example, an abattoir or a laboratory, they are unable to hold any form of rational discussion on veganism. Anyone w h o h a s n ' t seen these types of images before c a n ' t help but be affected. It could lead to your parents completely forgetting the argument and focusing instead on the explicit nature of the material: 'How could you bring such distressing things into the house?' becomes the main question rather than how it could possibly be connected to
'While you are under our roof you'll do what we say' the supermarket washing-up liquid. If this occurs, explain clearly why the material you have show them is related directly to what you have for dinner and that although you aren't stopping them from doing what they want, you j u s t want them to give you the same rights. This may be countered with a forthright, ' W h i l e you are under our roof you'll d o what we say' â€” which shows that you're winning! However, having the moral high ground doesn't feel so good if it means having World War Three in your own home. The best way to use the image tactic is to show a few examples of the torture and cruelty involved and then, rather than suggest that your parents are murderers, concentrate on the fact that you can't bear to have anything to do with it. This type of argument usually w o r k s because while it d o e s n ' t apportion blame, it portrays your view in a
sensible, humanitarian way and only a real fanatic could accuse you of being unreasonable.
Friends and colleagues Along with the family, peer group pressure is the biggest socializing influence on a individual. If you can persuade your friends and fellow workers that there's nothing wrong with your position then you really are in for a smoother ride. However, this is a lot easier said than done. Isolation will be the greatest fear; when faced with the prospect of being left out and picked on most people will conform. The trick is to make sure you are isolated as little as possible. Join in where you can. Seek out other vegans. Get in touch with your Vegan Society Local Contact. How you achieve an amicable relationship with the people you deal with on a dayto-day basis is entirely up to you and dependent on your individual circumstances. Group dynamics and personality will determine whether you are able to bulldoze your point of view, or have to keep your opinions very much to yourself for fear of being unmercilessly picked on. The only real rule worth anything is: Never be apologetic or ashamed about your beliefs. Whether or not you tell anybody is your business. Veganism may have changed your life to the extent that you can be friends only with people who don't sanction animal exploitation, or it may simply have caused you to modify your behaviour. If you know you are going to be given a hard time, it is completely understandable that you may be reluctant to raise the subThe Vegan, Summer 1995
contains little that can actually kill you if eaten raw. Logic suggests, therefore, that a vegan diet must be the most 'natural'. Nowadays, the majority of people, particularly in Western societies, d o n ' t have to exploit animals to survive. If it were otherwise, in the same way that a person being attacked has the right to defend themselves, I wouldn't step in anyone's way if they were dying of malnutrition and an animal product was the only thing on offer. Veganism isn't about denying the basic instinct for survival; it's about recognizing the fact that you d o n ' t have to exploit and commit murder in order to do so. This concept isn't 'weird', just civilized.
Animal products are good for you You could be quite liberal and accept the fact that meat, fish and dairy products are a good concentrated source of a lot of vitamins, protein, calcium etc but point out that this still doesn't justify exploiting animals and perfectly satisfactory and healthier alternatives exist. However, I ' v e found that the most effective response is simply to highlight all the disadvantages of eating anything with an animal connection and say that overall the supposed benefits in no way overcome the risks involved — even if there was nothing wrong with exploiting and killing animals.
Animals have got to die of something ject. If, on the other hand, you're embarrassed about veganism, you won't remain a vegan for very much longer.
Vegetarians Vegetarians can often be the most argumentative and defensive opponents of the lot. Some of the closest cross-examinations I have received have been from vegetarians. They are the first to check your shoes. Perhaps it's because they have to convince carnivores they aren't freaks and it is easier to deflect the attack to a freakier group — vegans. For the record, I don't believe that vegans are infinitely superior to vegetarians — nor do I believe that vegetarianism is only a stepping stone on the road to the ultimate goal of veganism. Vegetarians follow their beliefs and I follow mine. I just hope that vegetarians and vegans realize they are fighting essentially the same battle against animal exploitation and work together.
Arguments and Preaching There now follows a list of some of the main arguments you will probably come across on your travels. Counter-arguments should be used only when necessary; the quickest way to alienate people is to bore them. 13 The Vegan, Summer 1995
The 'natural/traditional' argument
All humans will die of something doesn't justify murdering them.
This covers a multitude of ignorant comments f r o m ' W e ' v e always eaten animal products' to ' W e ' r e part of the food chain and not to eat meat would destroy nature's delicate balance.' Human beings are top of the food chain simply because they have evolved in such a way as to be able to eat virtually every living organism in some form or another. However, we aren't natural meat-eaters at all. A good way to take the stride out of any
If we didn't eat or use them there would be too many animals
And that's 'natural'?! posing macho idiot who claims that we were born to eat other animals is to ask him if he could actually eat a piece of raw meat — as carnivores do. The answer will usually be ' n o ' . Meat-eaters have to ensure meat is defrosted correctly, not left out too long and then cooked thoroughly to ensure they don't come down with a severe case of food poisoning. And that's 'natural'?! Milk has to be pasteurized, homogenized and refrigerated if it's to be fit for human consumption. Cheese and yoghurt etc all have to be stored correctly if they aren't to harm the consumer. The great thing about vegan cooking is it
Most of the animals used for the production of meat, milk etc a r e n ' t naturally prolific breeders and the reason there are so many of them in the first place is due to their being genetic manipulated and bred specifically to be exploited for food, clothing etc.
There wouldn't be enough food to go round if we were all vegan A large percentage of the worlds' potential arable land is used for grazing and much of the existing arable land is used to grow animal feed. The meat and dairy industries consume a vast quantity of the worlds' natural resources and are a major source of pollution. Vegan agriculture requires less land and has less environmental impact. 'Weirdo Alert!' Autumn Vegan.
will be concluded
Sincere apologies to John for the omission of his name from Part 1. The designers' Swedish Glace allowance has been withdrawn.
CARROTS Carrots scream when eaten I've heard tell, Said the man eating dinner beside me. Maybe, but I've cut out the middle-man And have only the carrot inside me. While your insides are churning and burning To get rid of the dead flesh within, My stomach is calm and contented And my conscience knows no guilt or sin. But your children will grow white and feeble Without butter and milk every meal! Not so, I replied, you are thinking Of the children that we know as veal. It's your children who suffer, With heart-attacks, cancers And you 're fooling yourself that By feeding them dead flesh
Annie Brosnan surveys the marketplace for more vegan goodies The new Animal-Free Shopper is out — but that's no excuse to avoid 'Shoparound'. There are always new products appearing, just waiting to be purchased by the discerning vegan consumer...
ditional recipe, it contains capsicum tincture as well as various plant oils. Available from health/wholefood stores.
Evernat Organic Foods range is expanding all the time and now includes fruit juices and spreads, breads, flour, pasta, pasta sauces, cooking oils, cereals, coffee, dried fruits and pulses. Baby Organix has taken the disappointing step of including meat dishes in its range of baby foods. However, it has brought out another vegan recipe, Beans in Tomato Sauce, which Minnie seems to like well enough. Watch out though: some of the reddy-coloured jars have serious staining power! Still on the organic trail, Australian manufacturer Orgran has brought out three new varieties of organic and wholewheat pasta: Primavera Shells, Cracked Pepper Ribbons, and Herb & Spinach Elbows. They are also gluten-free.
Starting with feet this time, Ethical W a r e s , the vegan footwear company, has extended its brochure with a range of fashion footwear. The latest news is that its Ranger walking boot now features a waterproof lining ("the first synthetic boot to do so") and there are also more belts to choose from. Telephone: 01708 739293.
Get A-head Right up to the other end, and if your crowning glory is less than gloriously crown-like, maybe this next product is for you. BM Hair Stimulant, from Health Innovations, claims to reduce and prevent hair loss, regenerate hair and to produce growth on bald and thinning areas of the scalp. Also useful against scalp problems and dandruff, it is expensive — £34.95 for a bottle lasting 4—6 weeks. Moving down just slightly, Hactos is a new cough mixture from Honeyrose. Based on a tra14
A Touch Of Sun We keep hearing about the healthy Mediterranean lifestyle and diet, so it's good news to learn of a new range of Italian foods from George Skoulikas.
I When When You
I told him. and more. you love them and gore.
hope you '11 reflect on this later. you 're sucking your Rennies in bed. your stomach is sore and distended '11 wish you 'd had carrots instead! R Easter
There are three (all-vegan) products in the range: Sundried Tomato Patd, Sundried Tomatoes and Creamed Fresh Basil. Maybe it's straining the 'sun' heading, but I'll put granoVita's new sunflower margarine in here anyhow! Non-hydrogenated, high in polyunsaturated fats, free of trans fats (I guess that's what's healthy this week), it also has added calcium plus B 1 2 .
Veggie Bathing Now you can clean all that fruit and veg 500% better than with ordinary tap water! Veggie-wash, by Food Safe, is said to improve the safety of food by ridding it of those nasty microbes and pesticides. The company also claims that it improves the taste of food and freshens it up. Contact Food Safe on: 0800 330099.
Juice Perfect! Tropical Treat is a juice described as having a "texture you can almost chew!" It is a blend of 11 fruits — including mango, guava, kiwi and banana. Forest Berry Juice is a little more traditional in consistency and combines blueberry, raspberry, blackberry, strawberry and blackcurrant. Both are from the Whole Earth Foods stable and
contain no added sugar. Continuing the fruity theme, French company St Dalfour Freres has introduced a new range of sugar-free fruit spreads. There are 11 to choose from — including Blueberry and Golden Peach. Some have been spotted in Sainsbury's.
Meridian OK Meridian has now received a guarantee from its current supplier that the apple juice used in its products is processed mechanically without the use of gelatine. The warning note included in the third Animal Free Shopper is therefore no longer applicable.
April 1st Jape The Editor would like to apologize to those readers who asked for the 'VegaEgg' (featured in the Spring 1995 'Shoparound') in their local healthfood shops, and also to the staff of these outlets whose fruitless task it was to thumb through catalogues or to ring wholesalers. Sadly, there is no such product, nor (as far as the Ed knows) a company trading as 'Egg on Your Face"...
The Vegan, Summer 1995
VEGANS INTERNATIONAL Alex Bourke reports from the live import front line In France the new movement against live imports is bringing together animal protection groups and making their members rethink their diets. Compassion in World Farming has opened an office there and its representative, Ghislain Zuccolo has been on TV many times — showing uncut CIWF videos on late night telly. I met 60 Brits from Shoreham on a day trip demo in Cherbourg. The atmosphere of solidarity between British and French campaigners was amazing. I appeared on national TV to explain why we were there. Two days later we joined activists from all over Europe outside the meeting of EU Agro-culture Ministers in Brussels. The
appearance of Brigitte Bardot ensured widespread media coverage and acute embarrassment for the politicos. Non-UK protesters said we were lucky to live in vegetarian/vegan countries! There are 20 million vegetarians and vegans in Europe and North America. Imagine how fast change would come if we all pulled together for a vegan world.
Deutschland Co-ordinator Heidrum Leisenheimer reports that Vegans International Germany has produced material on vegan nutrition and a recipe booklet. Veganism is beginning to interest the public due to the coverage of hunt saboteurs on TV. Heidrum was interviewed on Westdeutscher Rundfunk, a radio station. On New Years Eve some butchers shops in Bremen were destroyed (a first) by a vegan
MoscLibel NZ New Zealand animal rights protesters are facing libel actions totalling NZ$9m for their criticism of a tour by the Great Moscow Circus. Australian and New Zealand circus agents Edgley Ventures Pty Ltd has filed defamation papers against five activists. The actions have been filed two years after the tour began. Edgley alleges that the activists' statements prevented thousands of ticket sales.
Wellington Centre The Vegetarian Resource Centre is a relatively new concept in Wellington — if not New Zealand. It's a specialist centre dealing specifically with vegan and vegetarian issues. A wide range of information pamphlets is available free to the public — plus books, magazines and mer-
chandise. The Centre is open 15.00-17.30, Mon-Fri. Contact:
Aussie Neighbours The excellent Vegan Guide to Melbourne, edited by Alan Glen, has just come out. Its 36 pages are crammed with all you and your mates need for a bonza time in Neighbours city. Drop in for a vegan barbie after the IVU World Vegetarian Congress which is in Sydney in April 1996. Alan suggests it's more ecologically-friendly if we poms print it in Europe. So if you want a scruffy copy send £2.50 to me c/o The Vegan Society and I'll copy it and send the balance to Alan. Alternatively write to:
15 The Vegan, Summer 1995
In this issue I would like to tell our younger readers about the adventures of Agnita the battery hen.
AGNITA THE BATTERY HEN MEETS FAIRY LIBERATOR Unlike other hens, Agnita never tried to eat the insects that flew around the battery house. Instead, she welcomed them. To her they were a little piece of the 'outside'; that magnificent place full of light and colour that she had once glimpsed between the slats of a crate on her way here from the incubation unit. One morning she felt a tickling on her foot and looked down to discover a rather unusual fly looking up at her. As Agnita stared a voice filled her head. "Please don't eat me," the voice pleaded. Agnita looked round quickly. Had the other four hens in the cramped cage heard the voice too she wondered? It did not seem so. The lights were still dimmed and they were sleeping. Agnita shuffled nervously on the sloping wire floor. "Is there anywhere I would be safer?" asked the voice, and, as if sensing Agnita's discomfort, it added. "Don't worry we can talk in your head. No one can hear us. I'm Fairy Liberator and I'm in trouble. Will you help me?" Agnita knew she must act quickly â€” the fairy was already beginning to slide down her foot. She scooped her up in the well (which had been created when she was de-beaked) of her beak and laid her gently in the few remaining feathers in her wing. "I must escape from here," said the fairy. Agnita looked puzzled. "Then why not fly away?" she asked. " I ' m all out of fairy nectar and have no strength to fly. I was on my way home when I was sucked in here by the ventilator." "There is no way out of here," said Agnita sadly.
"Oh yes there is," said the fairy confidently, "I still have some magic powers and I think I can get us out of this cage but I need your help." Before Agnita could speak the fairy cried: "Hold tight!" Agnita found herself being hurled through the air. There was a bright flash, a cracking sound, and Agnita landed with a bump on the concrete floor. "Now you have to walk out of here," said the Fairy Liberator, "but don't worry, no one will stop you â€” I have turned you into a human for one hour." Agnita felt herself growing taller and fatter. She looked down at the floor. It was a long way down and she was wearing shoes, Agnita was shocked but did as she was told and walked, at first at little shakily, toward the door. It opened and the owner of the battery unit stared at her. "Say something!" commanded the fairy. Agnita could not speak human but she had often heard some talking when the men came in to collect the eggs, so she repeated the sounds she had often heard them say: "Knocking off time." The man glared at her, puzzled, then pushed past her to investigate the commotion which was now raging within after the small explosion Fairy Liberator had caused. Agnita made it to the gate. Her confidence growing with every step, she was beginning to enjoy the sensation of 'outside'. She ran out of the farmyard, along the track, down to a thick area of woodland where the fairy, who was safely hidden in
her pocket, bade her stop at a large oak. "You must leave me here to replenish my nectar. You have 45 minutes left to find a safe home. There are some good people living in that cottage on the side of the mountain. You must hurry while you are still human." Agnita tried to say thank you but the fairy interrupted: "You are a good hen, you did not eat me and your kindness deserved a reward. Go now." Agnita ran hard and made good speed. She saw the mountain cottage and as she approached the door it opened and an enormous smiling woman stepped out to greet her. She bent down and scooped Agnita into
her arms. Agnita looked down and realized she had changed back into a hen. The woman carried her into the cottage and set her down in a box of comfortable. dry hay. Agnita nervously ruffled a few feathers. "Relax," said the woman reaching for some corn and offering her a handful, "I've been expecting you Agnita."
nicely, although one of them is a little mischievous. Carol, who looks after them, has been very busy at the Rescue over the lambing season because she has taken in many bottle-fed lambs that farmers did not want. She has been up through many nights caring for them.
In the last issue I asked you to think of some names for these two lambs who live at Farm Animal Rescue in Cambridgeshire. The winner of the competition is Miss E J Hallworth who chose the names 'Blackjack' and 'Mojo'. The lambs are growing up
If you are interested in finding out more about anti-battery hen groups, write to: Chickens' Lib, c/o Animal Aid, The Old Chapel, Bradford St, Tonbridge, Kent TN9 1AW. 01732 364546; or Compassion in World Farming, Charles Hse, 5a Charles St, Petersfield, Hants GU32 3EH. 01730 264208.
The Vegan, Summer 1995
THE VEGAN P R | Z |
CROSSWORD D 1
lT~ 13 14
Send in a photocopy (or original) of the solution to this crossword, together with your name and address, and you'll
be entered in a d r a w for a copy of the new Animal-Free Shopper. Solution in the next issue!
ACROSS 1 Locust tree (5) 4 Puddings (6) 9 Souchong tea (7) 10 Consumer (5) 11 Peel (4) 12 Cashew paste, perhaps (3,4) 13 Grass (3) 14 Bubble (4) 16 Wine (4) 18 Container (3) 20 Sauce (7) 21 Gelling agent (4) 24 Smell (5) 25 Food vegetables (7) 26 Fruit trees (6) 27 Rich in Fe (5)
DOWN 1 Leaf stalk (6) 2 Mature (5) 3 Pulse (4) 5 Cereal top (5,3) 6 Essence (7) 7 Water-ice (6) 8 Substitute (J) 13 Wild olive (8) 15 Seaweed (7) 17 Cook's test (1,5) 18 Jam (5) 19 Hard (6) 22 Okra (5) 23 Fruit (4)
Post code Return to: The Vegan Prize Crosword 1, The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK.
Pioneers of British Soya Milk in 1965 Celebrating 30 Years
RICE PUDDINGS with sultanas CHOCOLATE BARS with soya ORGANIC CHOCOLATES EGG-FREE MAYONNAISE
Plamil soya milks are formulated for v e g a n nutritional requirements, w i t h the correct balance of vegan calcium combined with vitamin D 2 to enable the body to absorb the calcium, plus the essential vitamins B 1 2 and B 2 . Available in 1 litre ready-to-use f o r m and 1/2 litre concentrated. The concentrated version is the only one of its kind on the market and is tremendously versatile (send for recipes).
VEEZE — alternative to cheese spread
CAROB BARS with soya
PLAMIL IS THE ONLY SOYA MILK MADE BY A VEGAN COMPANY, so please support it with your purchases and enable Plamil to bring out more vegan lines in accordance with its principle "To promote and carry on the business of producing vegan foods"
ALL SUPER QUALITY - ALL SUPER TASTING - DEMONSTRATING
Please send me: Please tick as applicable • Free informative literature & recipes. • 16 page booklet 'Healthy vegan infants/ children SOp. • Simple questionnaire to complete for vegan research. SAE would be greatly appreciated. Send to: Plamil Foods Ltd. Folkestone CT19 6PQ
17 The Vegan, Summer 1995
FROM HEALTH AND WHOLEFOOD STORES
THAT VEGAN PRODUCTS ARE VASTLY SUPERIOR TO ANY OTHER.
LET TH E BELL PEPPERS Dance to Richard Youngs' tune and you'll be the belle of the feast
ell peppers are good, plentiful and relatively cheap at this time of year. On the plant they mature from green to red or yellow, the latter being the sweeter. Their vitamin C content is high and they are widely used in Mediterranean cookery. Here are some recipes for these fruits. All quantities serve two, stated otherwise.
ROAST PEPPERS These will cook to be a crunchy treat. They can be served as an hors d'oeuvre, simply with a squeeze of lemon or alongside some olives. Alternatively, try adding a few strips of roast pepper to risot-
tos, pasta sauces or salads. 4 green, red and/or yellow peppers 2 tbs olive oil salt Wash the peppers, then roughly slice the flesh into large strips, discarding the seeds and any pith. Place these strips in a roasting tin or on a baking tray that has been coated with the olive oil. Season with a little salt. Transfer to a pre-heated moderate oven for 20-40 minutes. Every 10 minutes give the tin or tray a vigorous shake to prevent the peppers sticking. Once they are nicely browned — but not burnt — at the edges, remove from oven. Serve hot or cold.
2 tbs vegetable oil 2 bell peppers (1 red, 1 green) 4 stalks celery 4 small potatoes 4 cloves garlic 2 pints vegan stock salt & pepper to taste
2 large bell peppers V3 cup brown rice — long or short grain 2 cups water for boiling 2 tbs olive oil 1 onion 2 cloves garlic 1 small courgette 2 medium tomatoes
then the stock. Bring to a boil. Turn down and simmer for 30 minutes. Liquidize. Return to pan. Test for seasoning, making any adjustments necessary. Warm through and serve.
Here is another way to cook peppers in an oven. With the addition of a salad and some crusty bread, this becomes a light seasonal meal.
Finely chop the peppers and celery. Peel & dice the potatoes. Crush the garlic. Saute the peppers and celery in the oil until slightly softened. Add the potatoes and garlic,
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The Vegan, Summer 1995
handful mixed chopped nuts salt & pepper squeeze of tomato puree V2 cup water Place the rice in a saucepan with the 2 cups of water. Bring to the boil, then turn down to simmer for 20-30 minutes until soft. Drain, rinse and set aside. Slice the tops off the peppers. Remove the core of seeds and pith. Set aside. Finely chop the onion, crush the garlic, dice the courgette and tomatoes. Saute the onion in the olive oil until golden. Add the garlic, courgette and tomatoes. Cook until the tomatoes have reduced to a pulp. This should not take long — about 5 minutes. Add the pre-cooked rice along with the nuts to the pan. Season to taste. Spoon the rice, vegetable and nut mixture into the peppers, pressing it down firmly. Place the lid on the peppers. Transfer the stuffed peppers to a shallow ovenproof dish. Mix together the tomato pur6e and half cup of water. Pour this into the dish, round the peppers. Cook in a pre-heated moderate oven for 30 minutes. Serve.
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PEPPER & AUBERGINE CASSEROLE Aubergines are in their prime at roughly the same time as peppers. Here is a simple way to combine these two savoury fruits. If you cannot find fresh plum tomatoes, then use the tinned version. 1 aubergine salt 3 tbs olive oil 1 medium onion 2 cloves garlic 1 large pepper 2 fresh plum tomatoes salt & pepper to taste Wash and slice the aubergine into >/4" rounds. Salt all sides and leave to drain in a sieve for at least 30 minutes. Rinse and pat dry. Thinly slice the onion. Roughly chop the pepper and tomatoes. Crush the garlic. In a large saucepan saut6 the onion with the olive oil for 5 minutes over medium heat until transparent. Add the crushed garlic, quickly followed by the pepper, prepared aubergine and tomatoes. Continue to cook, stirring occasionally until the aubergine has softened —
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19 The Vegan, Summer 1995
Savoury loaves are labour intensive but can be eaten hot or cold, like p&te, with toast. Hence this recipe will serve 4. 2 tbs oil 1 medium onion 2 medium red peppers 4 small courgettes 1 heaped tbs sunflower seeds 1 heaped tbs pumpkin seeds 1 heaped tbs linseeds 1 heaped tsp sesame seeds 1 heaped tsp poppy seeds 4 small slices stale wholemeal bread pinch mixed herbs salt or powdered vegan stock water to bind Sautd the onions in the oil until caramelized. Meanwhile, grate the courgette into a bowl. Chop the pepper and add it to the courgette. Then add the seeds. Grate the bread into the bowl, then turn out the cooked onions into the dry mixture. Season with herbs
and salt or the powdered stock then add enough water to bind. Transfer to a lightly greased baking tin. Pat down firmly. Bake in a moderate oven for 45 minutes. Serve.
RED PEPPER & LENTIL SAUCE A versatile sauce that looks and tastes good with green vegetables such as broccoli or cabbage. The wine lends a richer taste for special occasions. 1 tbs olive oil 1 red pepper 1 heaped tbs red split lentils 1 tbs vegan white wine (optional) 1 sprig rosemary 1 cup water salt & pepper to taste Cut the red pepper into medium-sized pieces. Over medium heat saut6 them in the olive oil until softened. If using the wine pour it into the pan and evaporate off. Next add the rosemary, lentils and water. Bring to a boil, cover and then turn down to simmer for 30 minutes. Remove the rosemary. Liquidize. Reheat and serve.
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about 15 to 20 minutes. Check seasoning and add any salt or pepper you feel necessary. Serve.
Promoting a diet free from all animal produce and a more compassionate way of living that seeks to avoid exploiting animals for any purpose
MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION Block letters please Name
Signature Tick as appropriate: • I am interested in veganism and enclose a large SAE for an Information Pack • I adhere to a vegan diet and wish to become a Vegan Society member. I undertake to abide by the Society's Memorandum and Articles of Association (£2 or may be viewed without charge at the Society's office) • Although not a vegan I support the Society's aims and wish to become a supporter member • Individual £15 Q Family/Joint £20 Q Unwaged individual £10 Q Unwaged family/joint £14 • Junior (under 18) £8 • Life £250 Q Donation Eire and overseas: All applicants must add £5 I enclose cheque/PO payable to "The Vegan Society' for £ (£ membership+ £ donation). Return to: The Vegan Society, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-onSea, East Sussex TN37 7AA
magazine for Buddhists, fellow-travellers & all w h o journey without m a p s Summer issue out now ~ articles, stories, poetry, reviews, pictures
Divine Marriage ~ Interview with Andrew Harvey Buddhism Behind Bars ~ by Mark, a prisoner Religion without God ~ by David Evans Interview with a Thai Nun ~ by Martine Batchelor Buddhism in Russia ~ from the Narthang Bulletin The Way of Passion and Dialogues with a Modem Mystic ~ reviewed by Paul Seto A Path With Heart ~ reviewed by David Midgley The Children's Day at the Dharma School ~ by Medhina Weeping for the Blackbird ~ Haiku sequence by Ken Jones Pictures by ~ Robin Bath Bilbin Gill Goya Gerard Hobson Monet Margaret Wood For a copy please send £1.50 (cheques made out to LNEB) or £6 to subscribetorone year (3 issues) to
LEEDS NETWORK of ENGAGED BUDDHISTS 91 Clarendon Road Leeds LS2 9LY
tel / fax 0113 2444 289
THE MAGIC OF SKYROS Sun, Sea and a Sense o f Community
Holidays for mind, body and spirit on the beautiful Greek island ofSkyros. Courses include: Alexander Technique, Aromatherapy, Diet, Art workshops, Reiki, Dance, Theatre, Mime, Music, Windsufing, Personal Development, Imagework, Relationships, Sexuality, Shamanism Biodanza, and much more....
Yoga Tai Chi Massage Psycliodrama Writers' Workshops Meditation Relaxation... Pine forests Sandy beaches
Writers' workshops: with Nell Dunn, Elaine Feinstein, D M Thomas, Sue Townsend and others Art Workshops: with Robert Venosa and Adrian
Idyllic surroundings, delicious vegan food available, friendly community atmosphere. Ring or write for a colour brochure: Skyros (V), 92 Prince of Wales Road, London NW5 3NE. Tel- 0171284 3065. The Vegan, Summer 1995
Contacts News The long summer days are now with us so it's an ideal opportunity for meeting other vegans for both campaigning and convivial purposes. A number of events are being held around the country and details can be obtained by phoning or writing to your Local Contact. Unfortunately, there is space to give only a sample of the kind of timetable arranged by local groups. London Vegans organizes or participates in the following: Weekly — CIWF/Animal Aid leafleting sessions; — Animal Action picketing sessions;
VEGAN SOCIETY LOCAL CONTACTS Note: Local Contacts are Vegan Society members who have offered to act, on a voluntary basis, as a point of contact for those interested in the Society's work. They are not official representatives of the Society. Their levels of activity and knowledge may vary according to their individual circumstances. When writing to a Contact, please remember to enclose an SAE.
21 The Vegan, Summer 1995
Fortnightly —slaughterhouse demos: Monthly walks: June — Epping Forest & North Weald; July — South Downs and the coast; Aug — Northwood Hills Lido & canal; Sept — River Darent from Sevenoaks to Eynsford; 18 June — Camden Green Fair 1995. Health, crafts, the environment, entertainment, food & drink, music and fun for the children; 25 June — Social gathering & party. Bring some food and drink to share; 2 July — monthly restaurant visit to Popcorn in the Park, Alexandra Park. Enjoy international vegan cuisine alfresco at mid-day; 11
July — London Animal Action planning meeting; 16 July — mass vegetarian rally & picnic, Hyde Park; — Redbridge Green Fair. Stalls concerned with peace, animal welfare, holistic health, arts & crafts etc; 6 August — monthly restaurant visit to Clissold Park Cafe. A vegetarian cafe in a picturesque listed building. Snacks, soup, tea. Vegan meal (probably) available. Further details are available from
Another active group with a similar timetable is Oxford Vegetarians, whose Local Vegan Contact is Paul Appleby. He informs me that a new schedule of events is to be pub-
lished shortly. In the meantime a social gathering is to be held at Cafe Moma, Museum of Modern Art, 30 Pembroke Street, Oxford on 22 June, 6.30-8.30pm. Further information: So, whether your Local Contact is an information centre or organizer, whether his/her group is large or small, s/he would welcome a call from you. If you can give a hand with stalls, catering or organizing, you will have the opportunity of working with like-minded people in a friendly and supportive atmosphere. Whatever your involvement the staff and Council wish you a productive and enjoyable summer. Terry Bevis Local Contacts Co-ordinator
GROW VEGAN Maggie Dunn introduces her new, regular guide to growing our own nutritious and delicious fruit 'n' veg nnouncing that you wish to cultivate your land without chemicals and animal m a n u r e s may well elicit some incredulous looks f r o m neighbours and non-vegan gardening friends. But don't be put off; it is perfectly possible to build up a good soil system and harvest a bountiful supply of healthy fruit and vegetables without digging in ten tonnes of donkey droppings every autumn or buying sackloads of chemicals.
This issue's piece offers those of you who are new to tending the soil a f e w pointers to get you going.
Taking Stock B e f o r e raising your trowel, I strongly r e c o m m e n d investing in a couple of good books. U n f o r t u n a t e l y , there have been precious few publications devoted to growing systems that use neither chemical aids nor animal manures. However, organic gardening titles (which are not anim a l - f r e e in content but provide useful guidance) can be obtained f r o m ' T h e Organic Gardening Catalogue' and Suffolk Herbs. M o r e relevant to the animalf r e e g r o w e r are A de J H a r t ' s Forest Gardening — based on the principles of permaculture; and the exceptionally valuable Veganic Gardening by Kenneth Dalziel O ' B r i e n . The former is available from the Vegan Society but the latter, sadly, is currently out-of-print. Watch this space
'Must Haves' Obviously, there are a few items no gardener can do without — the most important being somewhere 22
to be one! Your options could include: the back garden, front garden, somebody else's garden!, a secluded area of common land, 'grow bags', greenhouse/polytunnel, conservatory, cold frame, containers (outside or inside). It must be remembered, however, that most vegetables and fruits require a sunny and sheltered site so a spot shaded from the sun all day is unlikely to bear more than a mouthful. Basic essential tools include: fork, spade (at least initially), rake, hand trowel/fork [See 'Grow Vegan Competition'! Ed], watering can, mist spray, compost bin [See 'Let's Get Fertile', The Vegan, Spring 1995. Ed.], strong pair of non-leather gloves, pots or trays to grow seedlings in, sticks and string to support growing plants. Of course there are numerous other useful implements available but I suggest you acquire these as and when you decide your workload needs easing. Seeds can be obtained from a variety of places. Sources of organic seeds include 'The Organic Gardening Catalogue', Suffolk Herbs and Tamar Organics. When starting out, resist the temptation to invest heavily in hundreds of packets of seeds. Just buy the seeds of vegetables and fruits you know you and your household will definitely eat — such as cabbage, tomatoes, carrots, lettuce, onion, runner beans and marrow. There is nothing worse than growing successfully, say, tonnes of spinach, only to discover no one actually likes the stuff! Once you feel you can cope with cultivating basic items you can move on to experiment with a few extra varieties each year.
Another pitfall: growing on hundreds of seedlings only to find there is insufficient space in your garden! It may sound daft but it's easily done. This is why a brief plan on paper of the year ahead is a good idea.
Sowing Your Seed Seeds can be sown either directly into the ground at the time recommended or slightly earlier in the year under a cloche, in a cold frame, in a greenhouse/polytunnel, or indoors. The seed packets or gardening books/ catalogues give you all the instructions you need. I favour starting plants off under glass/plastic and keeping them there for as long as possible before transplanting outside. In this way they get a head start and so are more able to withstand the unwanted attentions of slugs and snails. But don't get complacent — even strong young plants can be wiped out overnight and protection will be necessary. I find surrounding plants with cocoa mulch to be an effective deterrent. Some like to protect plants with individual containers — eg pots or
the top half of plastic bottles. However, I find covering and uncovering plants morning and evening very time consuming and back straining!
A Helping Hand Chase Organics' QR Organic Compost Activator helps your compost heap decompose. It contains herbal preparations, seaweed and comes with full instructions. Chase Seaweed Meal and/or Chase SM3 Seaweed Extract is useful if you haven't enough com-
The Vegan, Summer 1995
Veg Action June • Shade tender seedlings from strong sun. • Ventilate the greenhouse freely but close if the temperatures drop — especially at night. • Damp down the greenhouse floor and staging on really hot days. • Feed capsicums, aubergines and cucumbers with a comfrey and seaweed fertilizer twice a week when the fruits swell. • Pull carrots small (they have to reach 45mm across the top to be sure of keeping). • Pull beetroot the size of golf balls. • Pick broad beans as early as you can because there will be plenty later on. • The end of June is the last date for picking rhubarb but don't clear away leaves and stalks until they are quite dead. • Early potatoes will be flowering but wait until the petals have dropped before taking the first batch. • The most urgent planting (as soon as room is made available) is autumn-sprouting broccoli, post or want to give plants a boost. Seaweed Meal must be dug lightly into the soil around 3 months before the plants to be grown need the nutrients. The liquid Seaweed Extract is diluted and used as either a liquid feed or foliar spray throughout the growing season. It gives immediate results. SM6 Seaweed Extract is also vegan; it's just double concentrate SM3. Seaweed extracts contain an extensive range of trace elements, necessary for healthy growth. As a bonus, SM3 has been shown to have a deterrent effect on certain pests and diseases. Dickinson's Traditional Garden Compost is made from recycled and composted green material and was developed by the North London Waste Authority. It is an excellent peat-free plant food and soil conditioner. Nature's Own Moorland Gold, a by-product of the water industry in the Pennines, can be used in place of peat or as a mulch and conditioner. It is made from peat particles collected from water 23 The Vegan, Summer 1995
which will crop from September - November. • Sow beetroot (first week of July is the last date for sowing to store), leaf beet, calabrese, chicory, Chinese cabbage, cucumbers, endive, kohl rabi, marrows, peas, summer spinach, swedes, turnips and sweetcorn in fertile soil raked to a tilth. • Plant out aubergines, Brussels sprouts, sprouting broccoli, summer & winter cabbages, cauliflowers, celery, celeriac, kales, leeks, marrows, peppers and tomatoes. • For winter cropping sow swedes, French beans, cauliflower, cabbage. • Sow short rows of lettuce every two weeks for successive cropping. • Pinch out side shoots of tomatoes each week. • Cut off the side shoots of aubergines when 5 fruits have formed. • Protect frost tender plants such as runner beans and potatoes. • Finish cutting asparagus to allow plants to recover and crop well next year.
July • First 4 points for June — and feed tomatoes twice weekly with which runs into Pennine reservoirs naturally. The peat moors are left completely untouched. Danu Multi-Purpose Compost and Danu Soil Conditioner are useful products. The compost is made from Guinness grains, rape straw and is 100% plant-derived. It contains natural slow release nitrogen and is particularly good for tomatoes and other 'greedy' feeders, and for raising seedlings. The soil conditioner is made from barley grains and rape straw and improves the fertility and humus content of soils. Chase also sells a Cocoa Shell Mulch (a by-product of the chocolate industry). Usually used as a mulch, it contains slowrelease nutrients. 80 litres mulches 13.9m 2 -27.9m\ retaining moisture in the soil and deterring weed growth. Further products can be found in the 'Garden & Leisure' section of the new Animal Free Shopper. All the products mentioned above can be obtained mail order from 'The Organic Gardening Catalogue'.
high-potash liquid fertilizer. • Pick cucumbers, tomatoes, etc regularly to ensure rapid succession. • Lift onions planted last autumn. • Earth up the leeks to extend blanching. • Once the tops of the shallots have gone brown, lift them. • Last chance to sow turnips to provide a root crop. Those planted later will provide green tops only. • Garlic planted last autumn should be dying off and can be lifted and stored. • Earth up potato haulms to encourage further potatoes to form. • Sow parsley and radish for autumn and winter use. • Nip out shoot tips of cordon tomatoes when 4 or 5 trusses have been formed. Continue to remove side shoots. • Plant sprouting broccoli, Brussels sprouts, winter cabbages, late cauliflowers and kale in well-limed soil fortified with old compost. • Sow dwarf French beans, beetroot, leaf beet, carrots, chicory, Chinese cabbage, endive, kohl rabi, autumn lettuce, spring onions, parsley, early dwarf peas, radishes, winter spinach and
turnips. • Sow spring cabbage for transplanting out mid-September-mid-October. • Stake tall brassicas and mound soil around them.
August • Gather cucumbers, tomatoes, aubergines and peppers regularly. Remove any yellowing leaves. • Divide crowded clumps of chives. • Lift, dry and store spring sown onions. • Sow leaf beet, Chinese cabbage, endive, spring & Japanese onions, summer & winter radish, winter spinach and turnips. • Transplant sprouting broccoli, winter cabbages & cauliflowers. • Pick French and runner beans. Water regularly and feed weekly with a high potash fertilizer. • Raise spring cabbage on a wellprepared, limed bed in fertile soil. • Sow parsley for cropping under glass during the winter. • Sow mustard or rape in vacant beds for a green manure crop. • Earth up trench celery at 300mm high. • Plant early spring lettuce. • Lift early beetroot, twist off leaves and store roots in boxes of sand.
GROW VEGAN COMPETITION The Society has 10 sets of hand forks and trowels to give away to the first ten senders of the correct answer to the question below! Just choose ' A ' , 'B', ' C ' or ' D ' and send your answer, together with your name and address, to: Grow Vegan Competition, The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards on Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA. What is a medlar? A A variety of cherry tomato B A device to measure the width of vegetable beds C A fruit-bearing tree related to the hawthorn D Someone who interferes with your gardening plan Closing date: 25 July 1995.
USEFUL ADDRESSES • Suffolk Herbs, Monks Farm, Coggeshall Rd, Kelvedon, Essex C 0 5 9PG. 01376 572456. • T a m a r Organics, Meadow, Middle Dimson, Gunnislake, Cornwall PL 18 9NY. 01822 832242. • T h e O r g a n i c Gardening Catalogue/Chase O r g a n i c s Shop, Coombelands House, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 1HY. 01932 820958.
Roll up, roll up! Brett Jackson, Artistic Director of Swamp Circus introduces the finest in nonexploitative entertainment Swamp — A rich, wet ecosystem to entangle to make helpless with excessive supply of something. I ' m sitting, blowing damp wood smoke in a c i r c u s truck parked in a graveyard in S h e f f i e l d ' s industrial Don Valley. And I ' m looking back at 1994 — a year that started in France, and then took us back to Yorkshire to launch 'Fundango', a show about the theft of oxygen, on a 6-month big top tour.
Gurglings S w a m p is an animal f r e e circus-theatre b o r n in 1986, with an e n v i r o n m e n t a l l y f l a v o u r e d artistic direction and a vegan philosophy. In 1985, after several months of trying to get a v e g a n menu at Her M a j e s t y ' s Pleasure, I was allowed back to menace society w i t h vegetarian morality and launch a n e w circus. The 'activities' to avoid had been squarely marked out but I ' d rather be controlled outside than in. Being against all suffering, it is easy to ' b u r n o u t ' ; i t ' s o f t e n harder to create s o m e t h i n g f r e s h — a fragile, emotional p r o c e s s , a g a m b l e with p a i n f u l upsets. 24
Working closely with human beings can be that t e s t . . , / suspect scientific lies The whales are committing suicide A bleeding, beaching, choking fate Struggling to communicate That seas and skies are growing dim As lies and waste are taken in Threatening future life and kin Where did we come from? Punky artists, buskers, acrobats and fruitarian politicians looking for a positive new direction. Several had worked street theatre since 1981 — including a show called Blackie based on The Plague Dogs (by R Adams) and filmed by the BBC. The experiments in dance, comedy, j u g g l i n g . . . began behind The Brown C o w in an old steelworks (now a car park) which made the city. The collective, named ' S w a m p ' after the area's geological past, c o n j u r e d up green dreams f r o m hunks of rusting metal as the thud of a steam hammer cracked the f o u n d a t i o n s . Stories with themes — 'Dance of the Guilty Dustbins', 'Stilllife (with Z o f ) ' and 'The Box' (the mocking of NATO) which was toured in France and Spain in 1986. Six tatty clowns, an old bus and lots of high energy street
shows for food and diesel.
Word-less Circus-theatre is an excellent medium for ideas — comic, colourful, spectacular images, live music and audience involvement allow communication without language. People have always had nomadic tendencies — travelling for food, fuel, exchange, interchange, work and the seaside. Ideas spread through the movement of people and the bawdy acrobatic theatre and storytellers of the market place were important newsagents before newsprint and media via the airwaves. It's such a rough house Pumping glory into mechanical puppets A clinical slaughter A house and prepacked drill ground Prepared for TV heads Take more want more need more There is no more in the rough house In 1988 we performed and travelled in what was the Soviet Union, where each city has its own purpose-built circus and circus arts are viewed on a level with ballet and opera. Unlike the British mobile zoos, the Soviet and Chinese circuses are based on stunning human performance. At The Vegan, Summer 1995
home, new circus was growing with accessible skills in the community. Many began to juggle, fall off stilts and unicycles and dance, B M X and skateboards joined our clowns in youth centres. Our workshops and projects took us f r o m Special Needs Units, hospitals and schools to castles, sports centres, theatres and then eventually, to our own big top.
Our Own Tent! Since 1992 we have been touring our tent, show and circus school across Britain. A blue and yellow striped tent with 300 tiered seats, ring, two stages and backdrop forming a mobile theatre with trapeze and swinging aerial acts in the air above. Our acts are very much a part of the story with live music, characters, jugglers, ropeartists, acrobats, trick-cyclists, stilt-creatures and clowns. The circus calls for multi-talented performers, varied jobs and hard work — we would especially like to hear from vegan acrobats and administrators! The spirit of joy Has left the lonely boys In the heart of the city Though our shows have an ecological flavour our audiences come from all walks of life and we are always eager to play in new areas rather than to the safe, 'right on' public. Last summer we enjoyed tremendous appreciation in Germany where green consciousness was in vogue but vegans seemed rare. Maybe it's easier to be vegan when you are poor! It was refreshing though, to receive appreciation for artistic skill and energy alongside ideological content, even from German circus proprietors. In England 25 The Vegan, Summer 1995
promoters occasionally mention that they'd like something a 'bit more traditional', but that is the paranoid state of things in 1995 — we have to go forward somehow!
It is the struggle to continue and grow that is the thorn wedged firmly in the side of romantic ideal
But How? Living next to the canal, one day I met an elephant chained to a steel ring set in concrete. It was part of the dwindling number of English family circuses, and a desperate reminder of the animal freak show and human greed, bleed and speciesism — why pay good acrobats when the elephant will dance for f r e e ? Looking into the wise-weary eyes of these down-trodden giants raises a great sadness and anger. How do we fight for a new way, an expression for today? We need to support the alternatives . . . but where is the support and investment? It is the struggle to continue and grow that is the thorn wedged firmly in the side of romantic ideal. How to train in human circus skills? How to raise f u n d s and administrate an 'alternative' business? How to pay, feed and a c c o m m o d a t e artistes in a blue and yellow collection of old trucks and caravans — help — any ideas — it all comes together in the end. A mixture of characters, nationalities, temperaments and beliefs working together daily in close contact for 6 months.
tiful dream. It's often difficult to be gastronomically creative at the end of a long sweaty day but i t ' s f u n n y h o w palates change, and even die-hard G e r m a n , sausage-eating j u g g l e r s can proclaim themselves vegetarian after half a year's rice, daal and veggie burgers! A typical Swamp menu f o r 15 is: Big c r u n c h y sesame salad/pakoras/curry and cous cous followed by flapjack. It would be excellent to introduce vegan food to inquisitive audiences in France and Germany where veganism is still in its infancy.
Support the Dream
The Swamp-Plan Diet
Back to the present and our church, Looking Glass Spire, set on a hill with weather worn graveyard. At last a f t e r years of hiring, b o r r o w i n g space and training in France we now have a centre — Greentop. It's a circus school, theatre, rehearsal space, vegan cafe and environmental base. All positive energies w e l come! (Where is that vegan strong man?!) It is from here that we h a v e launched 'Earthcirc'— a circus and tree planting project in West Africa, currently striving for funding.
Though there is no enforced veganism the circus only cooks vegan meals. Most of the performers are vegetarian and vegan is more practical on the road where refrigeration is unreliable. An accompanying catering outfit with an exotic varied menu and tempting food for the public is a beau-
To make and spread our dream needs energy and investment. W e appeal f o r support or exchange — write or call in at any time. Contact: Swamp Circus Theatre, Holywell Road, Brightside, Sheffield S4 8AS
Reviews THE NATURAL GARDEN BOOK
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The Natural Garden Book Peter Harper, Jeremy Light & Chris Madsen Gaia Books £18.99 Hbk, 288pp A deceptively bland title for a fascinating book. This is more than a book about gardening techniques, it is an attempt to see the garden as a microcosm of our attitudes to 'Nature' and ourselves, and also to implant a wider philosophy into both the practical and the armchair gardener. The Natural Garden Book picks practical ideas from many different areas — including permaculture and tribal sources, and weaves them into Gaian philosophy, resulting in the promotion of gardens which are non-conformist, encourage biodiversity and which complement the area. "The idea is not to be self-sufficient but part of a growing, evolving community where you can renew yourself and others through reconciliation with Gaia . . . working with its [the garden's] natural relationships rather than imposing your will upon them." The result of this approach is "fresher, healthier food", amongst other things. There's advice on which plants suit which environment, their positive and negative qualities — even poor soil can be enriched by planting the correct legumes. It's impossible to mention all the hints and tips scattered throughout the text — which has many illustrations and beautiful photographs — but constructing your own wormery, compost heaps, and harnessing 26
the energy that escapes from our homes are just some. My favourite tip must be in dealing with weeds such as dandelions, chickweed or stinging nettles: simply eat them. This is a book with something for both the experienced gardener and those thinking about starting. It may even get rid of some of those pampered green lawns! • David Kendall
CAUGHT IN THE ACT
read, but one which leaves you in no doubt of the necessity for further investigations into animal abuse. No matter how incredible the story of Professor Feldberg, and the acceptance and funding of his work by major bodies, the story is really an inspirational one of determination by a small group of people who, between themselves, expose something which many didn't believe possible. Some may say this book is not for the squeamish, with its graphic storyline and photographs, but I would say that it is for everyone who cares about the truth — no matter how horrifying that may sometimes be. • Terry Hill
Caught in the Act Melody MacDonald Jon Carpenter Publishing £4.99 Pbk, 82pp Few scientists have much, if any, training in animal husbandry or behaviour, and most are not well equipped to assess if an animal is suffering: "99% of scientists don't know anything about whether an animal is feeling pain or not. " (New Scientist) Even those already aware of the Feldberg story will not fail to be stirred and angered as the " p r o f ' (Professor Feldberg), National Institute of Medical Research, Medical Research Council and Home Office prove, yet again, that all is not well down in the laboratory. Though the investigation took place over three years ago, the account of defenceless animals being subjected to pain and suffering, serious breaches of the law within the laboratory, and mistakes made by eminent researchers is just as relevant today. Caught in the Act is a short
That Which Is (The Tattvartha Sutra) Nathmal Tatia (translator) HarperCollins £22.00 Hbk, 215pp Mahatma Gandhi said that he had been influenced significantly by three people: Leo Tolstoy, John Ruskin and Raychandbhai Mehta — the last named being a revered lay Jain. That Which Is is the translation of an important Jain text, which has been published under the auspices of the International Sacred Literature Trust. The Trust asked: "What resources do the sacred traditions of the world possess to respond to the great global threats of poverty, war, ecological disaster and spiritual despair?" — and, in response, has set out to publish those sacred texts of the world faiths which it considered to be resources. The Tattvartha Sutra was selected partly for not hav-
ing been published outside India, and also because it is claimed that this Sutra is the one text which holds the different Jain traditions together, It is considered to be a compendium of the essence of what Mahavira (the Jain contemporary of the Buddha) taught. The translator, Nathmal Tatia puts in a nutshell the essence of the Sutra's central themes of non-violence, non-absolutism and non-possession. "Non-violence strengthens the autonomy of life of every being. Non-absolutism strenghthens the autonomy of thought of the individual. Non-possession strengthens the interdependence of all existence. If you feel that every soul is autonomous you will never trample on its right to live. If you feel every person is a thinking person you will not trample on his or her thoughts. If you feel you own nothing and no-one, you will not trample on the planet." What hinders us is our karma. The full intricacies of this important aspect of existence are gone into thoroughly in this Sutra. It shows how "our passions, indulgences and urges" are what attract karms, which then cling to one. Four passions: anger, pride, deceit and greed are what "dominate our world today, resulting in individual and collective violence in thought, word and deed." Their antidote is ahimsa, or non-violence, which is the way to "unbind" one's clinging karma. But also non-violence implies self-restraint where one lives "a restrained tolerant and non-violent life." Which is, of course, the vegan path. • Rodney Aitchtey
Reviewers Rodney Aitchtey is a freelance writer and author of the recently-published novel Soiled Roots Terry Hill is an animal welfare investigator dedicated to taking the "secrecy out of suffering" David Kendall is a freelance writer and teaches Media & Communication Studies in Brighton
The Vegan, Summer 1995
There is now a food combining wall chart which has made choosing foods much quicker. It is clear, detailed and what is more recommends a vegan diet. I obtained it from: Nature's Health Plan, 27 Elliott Rd, Chiswick, London W4 1PF. 0181 994 6846. •
STAR LETTER With effect from the Autumn Vegan, a prize will be offered to the contributor of the letter deemed by the Editor to be of particular value or interest. So, get your pen or keyboard out and you could find yourself with a voucher worth £5 off a pair of Ethical Wares boots!
I Wish ... Contributions to Postbag are welcomed, but accepted on the understanding that they may be edited in the interests of brevity or clarity. Send your letters to: The Editor, THE VEGAN, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK
Cruelty-Free Pussies I have just seen a wonderful article in the Weekend Telegraph about two people who work at your Society and their 10 Vegecat-eating cats. Why don't more vegans and vegetarians use this product? Are they too lazy because they have become accustomed to easy-toopen tins of animal flesh or do they still believe that it isn't 'natural'? Do they really think that highly-processed tins of meat, containing sugar and additives, are 'natural'? Some people say their cat wouldn't eat it and gave up. Well they obviously didn't follow the advice to phase it in gradually. It took a couple of months of gentle persuasion to change my cat's diet. In any case, doesn't the same happen when a cat's usual brand of tinned food is changed? Isn't it worth persevering with Vegecat? At his annual check-up, my
27 The Vegan, Summer 1995
cat was given a clean bill of health by the vet. How can anyone claim to be following a compassionate lifestyle while paying for the sordid products of the meat and dairy industries? Your members of staff are showing the way. It's about time other vegan and vegetarian cat carers joined them. • [The Vegan Society is now the sole UK importer of Vegecat. Ed]
Feeling Great For some while I have been combining my foods in a way outlined by Harvey and Marilyn Diamond in Fit For Life and Living Health. During that time my health has improved dramatically. I no longer have the same stomach pains and indigestion that used to plague me and I have more energy.
I must reply to Alison Davis ('Postbag', Spring 1995) who wrote against the termination of foetuses with disabilities. I have a son with Down's Syndrome. I am not ashamed to admit that I didn't want him. I hoped he would die within a few months of birth and did not give him a spontaneous hug until he was 3''2. People carrying defective babies do not abort them without a great deal of thought. They may feel guilty about whichever decision they make. To have the child creates stresses, puts strain on the marriage and affects the other children. For some reason, many people seem to think that people with handicapped children love them despite their disabilities. I'm sure many people do not dare admit the truth. I will never get my Down's child to understand the concept of veganism — let alone stick to a vegan diet. Another reason for guilt. I care for my son now (he's 10) but I can honestly say I wish he had died young or that I had been offered a termination. I would never, however, tell others what they should do. No one can fully understand another person's circumstances or ability to cope. They must not be made to feel guilty. •
Fish on Film I am making a documentary about the position of fish in Scotland's culture for the Glasgow Film & Video Workshop. Do you have a story to tell? Are you involved in activism against those who fish? How do you counter arguments that fish cannot feel? Do you have information on the ecological impact of industrial fishing methods? Whatever story or opinion you have I would be pleased to hear from'you. I cannot offer any financial incentives, however, the film will be screened at many festivals in Britain, and internationally. •
Easy Access If Gordon Linnell ('Postbag', Winter 1994) asks at his local independent healthfood shop for a free Tartex key then he may be able to make more sandwiches. If one cannot be obtained then I will gladly send him one myself. •
Out Munching It was great to read your article about Nottingham's Salamander Restaurant (The Vegan, Spring 1995). I discovered it about 6 months ago and visit it every fortnight with my husband and/or children. Out to Munch is excellent for an afternoon meal or snack. I heartily recommend both! • [ Yes, the Editor made another boo-boo by not giving readers the addresses of the two eateries mentioned above. Easily rectified though: Salamander, 23-25 Heathcote St, Nottingham NG1 3 AG. 0115 941 0710; Out to Munch, 15 Goose Gate, Nottingham NG1 1FE. 0115 948 1115J
The deadline for the Autumn 'Postbag' is 25 July
Publications & Merchandise on vegan diets. Ideal for vegans, would be vegans, and health care professionals. Includes highlighted key points, easy-to-follow tables, chapter summaries and a brand new section on vegan mothers and children. £8.95 (240g)
SELECTED TITLES The Animal-Free Shopper Vegan Society Third edition of the ever-popular shopping guide for those wishing to buy goods which are free of animal ingredients and involve no animal testing. Includes products listings sections — Food, Drink, Toiletries & Cosmetics, Remedies & Supplements, Baby & Infant Care, Footwear & Clothing, Home & Office, Animal Care, and Garden & Leisure; useful contacts; mail order addresses; and information on animal substances and additives. £4.95 <163g)
Foods That Cause You to Lose Weight: The Negative Calorie Effect Neal Barnard MD Magni Group A US vegan doctor explains how choosing certain vegan foods leads to, and sustains long-term permanent weight loss/control. £8.99 (198g)
Foods That Cause You To Lose Weight
The Caring Cook: Cruelty-Free Cooking for Beginners Janet Hunt Vegan Society An easy-to-follow first vegan cookbook, written expressly for those new to cruelty-free living. Offers a comprehensive selection of everyday and special occasion recipes, plus a mass of hints and tips. Durable wipe-clean cover. £3.45 (165g)
Vegan Society/Word o VHS Video (PAL)
_ VEGAN The KUitci «f Eating & the Need (or Cha^fi*
The Negative Calorie Effect
An upbeat, informal introduction to the vegan diet — the thinking behind it and the health and environmental benefits. Presented by vegan poet Benjamin Zephaniah and featuring a host of vegan athletes and celebrities. £9.00 (305g)
A Diet For All Reasons Michael Klaper M D Paulette Eisen Nutritional Services VHS Video (PAL)
Kath Clements Heretic Long-awaited second edition. A simple and straightforward (yet comprehensive) exposition of the case for veganism. The ideal gift for interested family and friends. £6.95 (142g)
Vegan Nutrition Gill Langley Vegan Society
Truth or Dairy — who, what, where, when, how and why vegan
A substantially updated second edition of the most comprehensive survey of scientific research
A recording of an illustrated lecture given by Dr Michael Klaper, author of Vegan Nutrition and Pregnancy Children and the Vegan Diet. £15.99 (227g)
REMAINING TITLES Animal Rights / Liberation Animal Liberation, Peter Singer, Thorsons £12.99 <550g)
• All titles are paperback, unless otherwise indicated • A number of titles listed here lack a vegan perspective but have nevertheless been included on the basis of their informativeness • For full details of the Society's range of publications and merchandise, please send an SAE marked 'P&M'. 28
The Vegan, Summer 1995
Animal Liberation: A Graphic Guide, Lori Gruen, Peter Singer & David Hine, Camden Press £4.95 (265g) Animals, Politics and Morality, Robert Garner, MUP £12.99 (380g) Animals' Rights, Henry Salt, Centaur (hdbk) £12.00 (430g) The Dreaded Comparison: Human & Animal Slavery, Maijorie Spiegel, Heretic £3.95 <130g) The Savour of Salt, George Hendrick & Willene Hendrick, Centaur Press £12.95 (400g) Why Animal Experiments Must Stop, Vernon Coleman, EMJ £6.95 (200g)
Home & Garden Forest Gardening, Robert A de J Hart, Green Books £8.95 (340g)
Nutrition & Health Pregnancy, Children & the Vegan Diet, Michael Klaper MD, Gentle World (US) £7.95 (355g) Vegan Nutrition: Pure & Simple, Michael Klaper MD, Gentle World (US) £7.95 (250g)
Cookbooks 365 Plus One Vegan Recipes,
Leah Leneman, Thorsons £6.99 (270g) Cook Vegan, Richard Youngs, Ashgrove Press £5.99 (170g) The Vegan Kitchen Mate, David Horton, Vegan Society (NSW) £3.25 (140g) An Allergy Cookbook (vegetarian edition) Patricia Carter, Ian Henry Publications £6.25 (170g) Gourmet Vegan, Heather Lamont, Gollancz £5.99 (145g) Simply Vegan, Debra Wasserman & Reed Mangels, VRG (US) £6.95 (315g) The Single Vegan, Leah Leneman, Thorsons £5.99 (220g) The Vegan Cookbook, Alan Wakeman & Gordon Baskerville, Faber & Faber £7.99 (375g) Vegan Cooking, Eva Batt, Thorsons £5.99 (270g) Vegan Health Plan, Amanda Sweet, Arlington £6.95 (375g)
Tyson, Centaur £7.50 (580g) The Pocketbook of Animal Facts & Figures, Barry Kew, Green Print £6.99 (225g)
Reference Guides The Animal Welfare Handbook. Caroline Clough & Barry Kew, Fourth Estate £8.99 (315g) The Cruelty-Free Guide to London, Alex Bourke & Paul Gaynor, Cruelty-Free Living £4.95 <170g) The Extended Circle, Jon Wynne-
Fiction Anything Within Reason, Jon Wynne-Tyson, Oakroyd Press (hdbk) £1*4.99 (397g)
Background Reading Abundant Living in the Coming Age of the Tree, Kathleen Jannaway, Movement For Compassionate Living £1.50 (55g) Beyond Beef — The Rise & Fall of the Cattle Culture, Jeremy Rifkin, Thorsons £8.99 (550g) Compassion: The Ultimate Ethic (An Exploration of Veganism), Victoria Moran, American Vegan Society £4.95 (190g) Food For a Future, Jon WynneTyson, Centaur £4.99 (150g)
The Vegan Magazine (Quarterly — Prices include p&p) Current and back issue/s £1.75 Four-issue subscription. Please state first issue. £7.00 50th Anniversary (Aut 94) bumper issue. Includes history of the Society. £2.25
Leaflets (Prices include p&p) A5: General • Join the Human Race to Good Health • Leather — More Than Just Skin Deep • Poor Calf/Poor Cow. 100 — £1.75; 500 — £5.95; 1,000 — £10.50; 2,000 — £19.25 Folding: Are Your Meals Costing the Earth? £2.50/100
MERCHANDISE Multi-Purpose Cards — Four original vegan-oriented cartoons by Pete Donohue. Blank inside. Recycled card and envelopes. Black and red on white. 45p (50g) Poster — 'Blood Curdling' antimilk poster by Paul Evans. Recycled paper. Red, pink, green and black. 15p (15g) Vegecat — Supplement which is added to recipes (supplied) to provide complete meals for vegan cats. £8.25 (190g) Vegekit — As above but for kittens up to 12 months and lactating queens £8.05 (210g) For VegecatAfegekit send an SAE marked
ORDER FORM Description
Postage & Packing Up to 50g 51g—lOOg 101g-200g 201g-300g 301g-400g
— — — — —
25p 45p 65p 80p 95p
401g-500g 501g-600g 601g-700g 701g-800g 801g-900g
— — — — —
£1.15 £1.35 £1.55 £1.75 £1.90
901g-1000g 1001g-2000g 2001g-4000g 4001g-6000g 6001g+
— £2.10 — £3.45 — £4.45 — £5.00 — FREE
Eire and overseas: Customers must increase T O T A L payment by 40% to cover additional surface rate postal charges. Payment must be made by sterling International Money Order or by sterling cheque drawn on a British bank. Cheques/POs should be made payable to 'The Vegan Society'. Address _
Return to: The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, E a s t Sussex T N 3 7 7AA, United K i n g d o m . This form may be
29 The Vegan, Summer 1995
Travel Guides • Vegetarian Visitor, Annemarie Weitzel. £1.99 from: Jon Carpenter Publishing, PO Box 129, Oxford OX1 4PH. • The Vegetarian & Vegan Guide to Ireland 1995, Miriam O'Brien. £3 from: East Clare Community Co-op, Main St, Scariff, Co Clare, Ireland.
Diary Dates 29 Jun Toxicol Labs Picket, Ledbury. Details: 01562 700086. 4 Jul International Day for Captive Dolphins. Details: PO Box 11, SEDO, Manchester. 8 Jul Mass Rally Against Live Exports, Trafalgar Sq, 2—4pm. Details: 0115 952 5440. Animal Awareness Day, H e m e Bay Memorial Park. Details: 01227 364262. 15 Jul Animal Charities Fayre, Old Town Hall, Carfax, Horsham, W Sussex, lOam^tpm. 16 Jul Mass Vegetarian Rally & Picnic, Hyde Pk, 2.30pm. Details: 0181 681 8884. 2 3 - 2 8 Jul European Vegetarian Union Congress, Bratislava, Slovakia. Details:
26 Jul Toxicol Labs Picket, Ledbury. Details: 01562 700086. 28 Jul Deadline: proposals and Council nominations for Vegan Society 1995 AGM. 29 Jul Jersey Animal Day, Royal Sq, St Helier, 9 a m - 5 p m . Details: 01534 855871. 5 - 2 0 Aug Vegan Camp, north Wales. Details: Large SAE + 50p: Box VCAR, 180 Mansfield Rd, Nottingham NG1 3HW. 6 - 1 3 Aug International Vegan Festival, San Diego, California, 30
USA. Details: See page 34. 26 A u g - 2 Sep 2nd Vegan Summer Gathering, Exmouth, Devon. Talks, cooking, walking trips out etc. Accommodation is in self-catering flats, approx £75/week (less if unwaged/low income). Fund raising event for Vegfam. Local vegans and day visitors welcome. Details: SAE:
Vegan Cyclists' Summer Gathering, Lines-Wolds Skegness area. Details:
29 Aug Toxicol Labs Picket, Ledbury. Details: 01562 700086. 6 - 8 Sep Protests Against International Shark Angling Festival, Looe, Cornwall. Details: BM LAPL, London WC1N3XX. 28 Sep Day of Action Against Gillette. Details: PET A, 0171 388 4922.
We Shell Overcome Campaigners highlighting the cruelty involved in the trade in shellfish for food need your support! For details, send an SAE to: The Shellfish Network, Box 66, 82 Colston St, Bristol BS1 5BB.
Mites Veggie-Mites is a new mother and children's group for vegetarians and vegans in Poole, Dorset. Details:
Services • Veggie Fax — Supplying information and guide books to prospective visitors to the Scottish Highlands. Also used by caterers seeking assistance with vegan cooking. 24hr teUfax/credit card hotline — 01854 655282. • Veducation — Day course on the what, why and how of vegetarian and vegan catering. Contact:
Discount • Veggies Catering Campaign (Nottingham) 180 Mansfield Rd, Nottingham NG1 3HW. 10% (offfrozen burgers/sosages and snacks from its outlets).
• Vegetarian & Vegan Guide to the Lake District & Environs 1995-1996, Kendal Vegetarians. 50p + stamped addressed envelope from: Kendal Vegetarians, Low House, New Hutton, Kendal, Westmorland LA8 OAZ.
For a copy of the bi-monthly, direct action-reporting EcoVegan, send a donation (stamps/cash/blank cheque) to: BM HEAL, London WC1N3XX.
Non-Violence Doesn't Pay (Either)
The Vegan Club needs to raise US$43,000 to open a restaurant and information centre in Prague. Offers of help to:
In December, Keith Mann, a vegan, was sentenced to 14 years for "possession of explosive substances under suspicious circumstances, attempted incitement, criminal damage to three meat vehicles and escape from custody." His supporters point out that Keith avoids harming life — yet those convicted of manslaughter have been known to get 'just' 8 years. They are campaigning to overturn Keith's unjust sentence. Contact: Justice for Keith Mann, c/o ICA, PO Box 1135, Downs View Rd, Hassocks BN6 8AA.
Local Groups (See also 'Contacts News')
Dip into a Cow Pack For the 'Campaign for Cows' Information Pack send an SAE to: Campaign for Cows, PO Box 12, Carmarthen SA33 5YA.
VEG0 The Vegetarian Esperanto Group (which has a 70% vegan membership) is now contributing four pages to the leading international environmental magazine VERDire. For details about VEGO send an SAE to:
The Vegan, Summer 1995
£ — _ — I 1 1 T f l T T T l
_ _ • f l T l
J J . i i U l l l l C l l l U l l Vegan Magazines. In addition to The Vegan — the official magazine of the Vegan Society — the following independent publications may be of interest: Vegan Views 6 Hayes Ave, Bournemouth BH7 7AD. An informal quarterly with articles, interviews, news, reviews, letters, cartoon strip. Subscription for four issues: £3 (Europe and overseas: £4). New Leaves 47 Highlands Rd. Leatherhead, Surrey KT22 8NQ. Quarterly journal of the Movement for Compassionate Living — The Vegan Way (see below). Annual subscription: £3. Cheques/POs payable to: 'Movement for Compassionate Living'. Y Figan Cymreig (The Wales Vegan) Bronyr Ysgol, Montpelier, Llandrindod, Powys, Wales. Bilingual quarterly. Annual subscription: £1.50.
31 The Vegan, Summer 1995
The Vegan Business Connection aims to encourage mutual support within the vegan community and lists vegan individuals, as well as companies, providing goods or services suitable for vegans — whether in formal business or not — and well beyond food related services. To support, or to be supported contact: VBC, c/o Veggies, 180 Mansfield Rd, Nottingham NG1 3HW. 0115 958 5666. The Vegan Cyclists' Holiday Club aims to organize weekend (and longer) breaks, all ages, on/off road, accommodation — camping/hostels/caravans. Contact: Sue Birchenaugh, 0151 342 5436. The Vegan Bikers Association aims to promote veganism amongst motorcyclists and set up a fund for the purchase and distribution of alternatives to
leather. Newsletter: The Long Road. Enquiries: 48 Hawkins Hall La Datchworth Knebworth, Herts SG3 6TE. The Vegan Community Project exists to form a contact network between people who are interested in living in a vegan community and to establish one or more such communities. While some of its members seek merely to live close to other vegans. others wish to establish a vegan land project or centre for the promotion of a vegan lifestyle. Newsletter subscription (4 issues): £2. Contact:
The Vegan Families Contact List provides a link between parents throughout the UK seeking to raise their children in accordance with vegan principles. To receive a copy of the list, send an SAE marked "Vegan Families Contact List'. To register your family, please send an SAE marked 'Vegan Families Contact List Application'.
The Movement for Compassionate Living — The Vegan Way seeks to spread understanding and to simplify lifestyles by promoting awareness of the connections between the way we live and the way others suffer, and between development. consumption and the destruction of the planet. Coordinators:
Lesbian and Gay Vegan Group, Box 43, 82 Colston St, Bristol BS1 5BB. Vegans International co-ordinates the promotion of veganism, encourages the formation of new organizations, and organizes an annual vegan festival. Contact: Cor Nouws, Vegans International, c/o PO Box 1087, 6801 BBArnhem, The Netherlands. UK Co-ordinators: <South)
Classified ACCOMMODATION DONATIONS REQUIRED to help pur chase sheltered accommodation for elderly vegans in need. Contributions to: 'Homes For Elderly Vegetarians Ltd", Chancery House, Si Nicholas Way, Sutton, Surrey SMI 1JB. 0181 652 1900. Specify 'Vegan Fund - . RESPONSIBLE vegan musicians, sick of crooked landlords, seek suitable accommodation, preferably Kent area. Quiet l asonable rent. Contact WANTED: N/S, non-druggie vegan to share cottage in South Wales. 4 acres with potential to grow loads of veggies. Not grand or quaint; just basic. Must like cats a ry negotiable.
ANIMAL CARE MEAT-FREE CATS! Vegan supplements for home-made recipes. In use since 1986. SAE: Vegecat. The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House. 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK.
Shiatsu The European Shiatsu School has branches in London & throughout the UK & Europe For prospectus, please send 3 first class stamps to: ESS Central Admiistration (Dept VE) High Banks, Lockeridge, Nr Malbrough, Wilts SN8 4EQ Tel: 01672 861362
EATING OUT PORTSMOUTH, Orchard Cafe. Francis Ave. 01705 614666. Vegetarian/Vegan, organic, cooked food. 3 courses under £6.00. Take-away available. Tues-Thurs: 9am-5pm, Fri and Sat: 9am- 9pm.
FOR SALE VEGAN WHOLEFOOD SHOP with wine licence. Established 5 years. Opportunity to negotiate own rent and terms. Business, all fixtures, fittings, equipment £5,000 plus stock at value. Well supported shop; turn-over still
FUNERAL SERVICES GREEN/DIY FUNERALS. Eco-friendly inexpensive coffins, memorial tree-planting. Please send £1 in unused stamps with A5 size SAE to Box 328.
HEALTH ARTHRITIS can be CURED without damaging drugs or surgery. Send for tape priced at £7.00 incl. postage or you can send for a free leaflet. Cheque/PO made payable to: F. Flowers, 5 Clovelly Road, Manchester M21 8XU.
HOLIDAY ACCOMMODATION B&B, VEGETARIAN/VEGAN. Near Heathrow, Windsor, Henley, Reading,
Berkshire. Bath Rd. A4. £35 double, £20.00 single. Tennis school for lessons. Bradfords. Maidenhead 01628 29744. CORNWALL. Mevagissy 5 miles. Vegetarian s/Vegans/Non-smokers. Comfortable B&B accommodation. Reasonable rates. Mount Pleasant Farm. Gorran High Lanes, St. Austell PL26 6LR. 01726843918. CORNWALL. Spacious self-contained holiday flat over-looking picturesque estuary, sleeps 4, vegan owners. SAE: Blackaller, Meadowlands, The Saltings, Lelant, TR26 3DL (01736) 752418. CUMBRIA. Vegan B&B. 2 rooms. Strictly no smoking. Children very welcome. Good local walks and marvellous vegan food! Tel: Fox Hall. Sedgwick, Kendal LA8 0JP. DETACHED COUNTRY HOME in quiet hamlet near Wimbome. Exclusively vegetarian/vegan B&B. Spacious comfortable twin en-suite T/C facilities, TV. Ideal touring, walking, cycling area. No smoking. £15 per person per night. Tele: 01202 841561. DEVON (Lydford). S/C for N/S visitors at VEGFAM's HQ. SAE to: The Sanctuary", Nr Lydford, Okehampton EX20 4AL Tel/Fax: 01822 82203. GO VEGAN IN DENMARK A former vicarage is the homely frame for your Danish holiday experience. Our wholesome delicious food — only the best, ecological grown raw materials — awaits you at the charming island of Langeland. Unspoilt woodlands and countryside, clean beaches, fairytale castles, cultural activities and mix with the friendly Danes — almost everybody speaks English. Let the relaxed atmosphere at 'Sundgirden' invigorate soul and body. SUNDGARDE Slotsgade 10. DK-5953 Tranekar. INGLETON, North Yorkshire. Vegetarian/Vegan B&B, only £13 p.p.p.n. at picturesque Prospect Cottage. Discount for more than one night. Tel: 015242 41328. LAKE D I S T R I C T : Delightful accommodation in 18c vicarage. With exclusively vegetarian/vegan cuisine. Modest tariff. Beech Tree, Coniston. Tel: (015394) 41717. MADEIRA ISLAND. Compassionate living vegan retreat. North Madeira. An octagonal shaped semi-bungalow on plateau 500 metres above sea-level with views over the ocean and mountains. Best period May to October. 3 twin-bed accommodation, non-smoking, no domestic pets kept. Some veganic produce expected. Bed, breakfast, lunch and evening meal: £150 per person per week. £30 reduction for two week stay. Vegan Retreat, Sitio Achada-Felpa, Sao Jorge, P-9230 Santana, Madeira Island. Tel: 00 351 91 576810.
vegan & Italian menu. Reduced 2+ nights. Dogs welcome. SCOTLAND. Solway coast. Homely B&B, vegetarian/vegan on request. Walks, beaches, bird-watching. C.H., Pr. parking, large garden, tea/coffee all rooms. Phone 01556 640269. SCOTTISH HIGHLANDS. Near Kyle of Lochalsh. Vegan B&B in modern bungalow with spectacular views. Ideal centre for exploring Skye and Wester Ross. B&B
OLD RECTORY HOTEL, Maentwrog, 01766 590305. Three acre riverside garden. Main house/budget annexe. All ensuite. Informal atmosphere, home cooking.
Quiet Country Hotel overlooking beautiful tidal estuary and bird sanctuary. Britain's oldest vegetarian/vegan hotel stands in its own grounds close to beaches and unspoilt coastal walks. Woodcote', The Saltings, Lelant, St Ives. Cornwall Tel. 01736 753147
LAKE DISTRICT SOMERSET. Exclusively vegetarian guest house. All meals vegan. Bordering Devon and Dorset. It is an ideal base for touring, walking or relaxing in our 16th century house. Crewkerne 01460 73112. SOUTH HEREFORDSHIRE. Cottage adjoining hill common (1200 ft), panoramic views, sleeps 4/6. Available July 25th - A u g 5th, Aug 19th-Aug 26th. £140 pw. Non-smokers. 01981 580453. TORQUAY. Brookesby Hall Hotel. Exclusively vegetarian. Glorious sea views. Quietly situated next to extensive area of coastal woodland. Close beach and town centre. Established reputation for delicious vegan meals. Please contact res. props, for brochure and further information. Tel: 01803 292194. UNUSUAL ACCOMMODATION in beautiful far West Cornwall. Sea view. H/W, cooker, £70 pw. Contact:
BEECHMOUNT SA WREY, AMBLESIDE, CUMBRIA 7-422 0LB
Vegetarian/vegan B&B, delightful country house accommodation. Situated in Beatrix Potter's picturesque village with its olde woride inn. 2 miles from Hawkshead, Lake Windermere (car ferry) 2 miles. Delicious breakfast, lovely bedrooms, Superb lake/country views. For brochure tel.
- SEAPOINT EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK CamfonabU Edwardian guest bouse overlooking Porlock Bay and lei in the heart of Exmoor's wild heather moorland with deep wooded coombs, clear streams and magnificent coastline. vegetarian and vegan cuisine (non-vegetariat welcome). Organic wines. Log files. Tastefully furnished bedrooms all en-suite with colour TV. AA recommended — QQQ
VEGAN WORKING HOLIDAYS in mountains of southern Spain from £34. Retreats and workshop holidays also available. Tel: International Light Foundation, 01603 787331. WEST CORK. Self-contained accommodation. Cooking facilities and en-suite bathrooms. Peaceful wooded area close to the coast. Ideal for walking, cycling or as a base for touring. Green Lodge. Trawnamadree, Ballylickey, Bantry, Co. Cork. Tel: 00 353 27 66146. WEST WALES. Saltwell Animal Sanctuary offers: Wholefood vegan/vegetarian farmhouse B&B accommodation. Friendly family atmosphere. Children and dogs welcome. Secluded peaceful setting, lovely walks and beaches nearby. Ten miles from Cardigan. B&B £15. EM optional. Non-smoking. All profits go to help the animals. For more details, phone 01239 654233. WHITBY Falcon Guesthouse, B&B, vegan/vegetarian. Quiet location, seven minutes walk from centre and harbour. Lounge and sunny breakfast room. TV in lounge. Parking near house. Tea-making equipment. £14 (plus child reductions). Tel: 01947 603507. YORK. Vegetarian/Vegan wholefood, non-smoking B&B. Comfortable en-suite accommodation. 10 mins walk centre. £17.
WILDLIFE HOTEL Open all year round Licensed. 100% non-meat. Small friendly hotel. (Exclusively vegan/vegetarian. Special diets catered for — all freshly made.) No smoking throughout. Situated two minutes from the sea. Near all the attractions. Parking available. 39 Woodfield Road, Blackpool FY1 6AX. Tel. 01253 346143.
FOXLOW GRANGE BUXTON Derbyshire 17th century historic Georgian Grange guest house. Bed/breakfast/evening meals (optional). Total vegan/vegetarian meals prepared by a Cordon Vert chef. Special diets catered for. Totally non-smoking establishment. Restaurant open to non-residents. Fully licensed. All drinks vegan/vegetarian. Open all year including Christmas aid the New Year.
MID-WALES, Staylittle (15 miles from the Centre for Alternative Technology, Machynlleth). Vegan/Vegetarian B&B. optional evening meal. Non-smoking. Tel: 01686 430425. MID-WALES. Stredders Vegetarian Guesthouse, Park Crescent, Llandrindod Wells LD1 6AB. Telephone 01597 822186. Vegan and special diets a speciality-
COME & GO AS YOU PLEASE OLD POST OFFICE 17th century character house set in the beautiful Brecon Beacons National Park and only two miles from the famous book town of Hay-on-Wye. Vegetarian/Vegan menu. From £14 pp. Tel: 01497 820008
ALL LINEAGE A D S MUST BE P R E - P A I D
Vegetarian/vegan. Cussens cottage, en-suite rooms with own entrance, tv. tea-making. Residence sunlounge/dining room. Vegetarian/vegan 3 course dinner when req'd. Peaceful rural setting, pub. shop. p.o..restaurant, lOmin. walk. Cycle hire, riding, mountain walking. Nearby 13th century historic Kilmallock. Easy drive to Kilarney. Tralee. Cork. Limerick, Galway. Shannon Lakes. Atlantic coast. Relax in secluded lawns and organic kitchen garden. Brochure and booking details,
Phone: ha, 010353 6398926.
The Vegan, Summer
Tigh Na Mara Scottish Vegetarian/Vegan Lochside Guest House Highly acclaimed idyllic base to discover north/west Highlands. Gourmet Scottish farmhouse cooking and (vegan) cheeses, boats, bikes, windsurfer in secluded seashore location. Brochure? Tel/Fax: Tony/Jackie 01854 655282. Also Fior Iomaigh (Perfect Image), Celtic + vegetarian gifts, food, guides etc.
LONG/SHORT FASTS for healing Vegans very welcome. Vegan diet used pre/post fast All conditions, stress, general well-being. Successful, safe. Caring environment. SAE: The Purist Foundation, Goddards Green Stable, Angley Road, Cranbrook, Kent TN17 3LR. 01580 715851.
letter forwarding system. Please send SAE
Sapfbury Mac® Delicious Home-Cooking, Special Diet Catering, Non-Smoking, Open Fires Explore Yorkshire Dales and Famous Settle/Carlisle Railway
Tel. 01729 823840
MAIL ORDER DOLMA, incorporating CHERISH NATURAL SKIN CARE, offer a fine range of vegan perfumes, skin care and toiletries. A member of the Cosmetics Industry Coalition for Animal Welfare. Send SAE for brochure to: DOLMA, 19 ROYCE AVENUE. HUCKNALL, NOTTINGHAM NG15 6FU. Agents required — excellent earning potential. MUSIC/MEDITATION TAPES. £6.50 each (incl. p&p). For free brochure, write/phone: FF Cassettes, 29 Roundwood Road. Hastings TN37 7LD. 01424 753792. ORGAN1QUE — Organic: Alfalfa, Baby Foods, Chocolate, Dried Fruits, Essential Oils, Fruit Spreads . . . etc delivered directly to your door. Nationwide service. Call 0171 359 0065 for catalogue.
POPPY SEEDS are totally green. Support us and our aims by requesting our catalogue, information on our quarterly magazine —Poppies, or join Earth Direct — our campaigning group, or just buy our latest anti-fur t/shiri or Reynard the Fox t/shirt. All sizes available at £7.99 (kids), £11.99 (adults). Don't delay — phone today — Join with us. Tele: 01823 661255 (24 hours).
BETHANY VEGETARIAN Nursing Home caters exclusively for vegetarians and vegans with wholistic therapy. 7/9 Oak Park Villas, Dawlish, Devon EX7 ODE. Telephone 01626 862794.
(MV) BCM Cuddle, London WC1V 6XX
AHIMSA. Quarterly magazine of the American Vegan Society. Veganism, Natural Living, Reverence for Life. Calendar Year subscription £12. Address: PO Box H. Malaga. NJ 08328, USA.
FASTING WALKS! For rest, relaxation, weight loss and better health. (Groups). Only liquids. England and Europe.
CONTACT CENTRE is a caring, so lowfees friendship agency, quite different from all others catering exclusively for vegans and vegetarians both in Britain and abroad for any purposes. CONTACT CENTRE enables you to choose friend(s) from detailed adverts and/or to write an advert yourself without disclosing your name and address. CONTACT CENTRE gives full scope to your individualrequirements:you don't even have to complete a form. Instead a friendly ear is leant to every member. As we cannot tell all in this advertisment, please write for membership details from:
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY! A varied range of children's and adults' clothing produced using cruelty-free dyes and paints, plus other ethically produced crafts for sale. For further details please contact Box 335.
33 The Vegan, Summer
Alt prices inclusive of VAT Series discount: (4 consecutive insertions prepaid): 10% Box No: (per insertion) £2.00 extra Lineage Commercial: £6.60 for 20 words (minimum) Additional words: 39p each Non-commercial: £4.50 for 20 words (minimum) Additional words: 25p each Semi-display (boxed) Commercial: £7.26 per single column centimetre Non-commercial: £4.95 per single column centimetre Display (non-classified boxed) & Inserts Please ring for a rate card. Advertising Manager: Richard Farhall Advertising Sales Executive: Keith Bird PAYMENT Pre-payment please by cheque or postal order made payable to 'The Vegan Society'. Eire and overseas: Payment must be by sterling cheque drawn on an British bank or by sterling International Money Order. PUBLICATION DATES March, June, September, December
25-YEAR-OLD vegan seeks travelling companions for an 8,000 mile s ed w
LAPTOP COMPUTER required by (would-be) vegan author. Must be able to run windows software (ie 386 or above) with hard disc and 3''2 inch floppy drive. Up to £300 available.
RATES AND CONDITIONS
The order is an informal Fellowship, having for its service in life the cultivation of the Spirit of Love towards all Souls: Helping the weak and defending the defenceless and oppressed; Abstaining from hurting the creatures, eschewing bloodshed and flesh eating, and living upon the pure foods so abundantly provided by nature; Walking in the Mystic Way of Life, whose Path leads to the realization of the Christhood; And sending forth the Mystic Teachings unto all who may be able to receive them — those sacred interpretations of the Soul, the Christhood, and the Divine Love and Wisdom, for which the Order of the Cross stands. Regular Services, Meetings and Retreats are held in London and elsewhere. For further information please contact: The Headquarters (VN), 10 De Vere Gardens. London W8 SAE, telephone 0171-937 7012.
IMPORTANT Final copy date for Autumn 1995: 25 July 1995
VEGAN COUPLE seek a move to the country, either UK or Europe. Preferably land based (co-op perhaps) for organic growing and/or animal sanctuary. Offers/suggestions welcome to help us escape our dirty old town! Box 336.
THE ORDER OF THE CROSS SPIRITUAL AIMS AND IDEALS
VEGETARIAN/VEGAN GUEST HOUSE
willing to make a long-term commitment to our project and to put thought and hard work into it. We're a workers' co-operative. Growing Green, Low Walworth Market Garden, Walworth, Darlington, Co. Durham DL2 2NA.
NATURAL FRIENDS, the one and only nationwide friendship service for sincere single vegans, vegetarians and others interested in alternative therapies, outdoor pursuits and much more. Send for full details today: NATURAL FRIENDS (VN), 15 Benyon Gardens, Culford, Suffolk IP28 6EA (stamp appreciated). Tel/Fax: 01284 728315 anytime. NEW CONTACT magazine for northern England. Discretion and safety assured by
ALL L I N E A G E A D S MUST BE P R E - P A I D
IS HORTICULTURE POSSIBLE without the exploitation of animals? Are there alternatives to the use of animal manure as the main source of soil fertility? We believe the answer is 'Yes' and we're trying to prove it in practice. If you would like to join us in this exciting project, please write, telling us about your ideas and experience. You need to be already living in the Noith-East of England and
When replying to an advertisement please mention that you saw it in . . .
IMPORTANT Final copy date for Autumn 1995: 25 July 1995 BOX NUMBERS When replying to a box number address your envelope as follows: Box No. , The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.
COPY DATES 25th Jan, 25th April, 25th July, 25th October CONDITIONS OF ACCEPTANCE Advertisements are accepted subject to their satisfying the condition that the products advertised are entirely free from ingredients derived from animals; that neither products nor ingredients have been tested on animals; and that the content of such ads does not promote, or appear to promote, the use of non-vegan commodities. Books, records, tapes etc. mentioned in advertisements should not contain any material contrary to vegan principles. Advertisements may be accepted from catering establishments that are not ran on exclusively vegan lines, provided that vegan meals are available and that the wording of such ads reflects this. The submission of an advertisement is deemed to wamuit that the advertisement does not contravene any Act of Parliament, nor is it in any other way illegal or defamatory or an infringement of any other party's
rights or an infringement of the British Code of Advertising Practice. The Vegan Society reserves the right to refuse or withdraw any advertisement. Although every care is taken, the Vegan Society cannot accept liability for any loss or inconvenience incurred as a result of errors in the wording, or the late or nonappearance of an advertisement.
The Vegetarian Union of North America
The American Vegan Society present
ALL LINEAGE ADS MUST B E P R E - P A I D
THE EIGHTH INTERNATIONAL VEGAN FESTIVAL
IMPORTANT Final copy date for Autumn 1995: 25 July 1995
6-13 August 1995 San Diego State University California, USA
Deed of Covenant A Deed of Covenant substantially increases your gift or subscription to the Vegan Society, at no extra cost to yourself. because the Society is able to claim the income tax that you have paid. Provided you are a taxpayer, the Society can claim an additional 33p (at current tax rates) for every pound you covenant. The Deed need only apply for four years, assuring the Society of a regular income so that it can plan for the future. It is easy to complete and once made you have only to sign a claim form which we send you in the first year.
For details and a booking form send an SAE marked 'IVF' to:
HOW YOUR CONTRIBUTION GROWS Here are some examples: Annual Amounts
£ 10.00 50.00 75.00
£ 3.33 16.66 25.00
Benefits over four years £ 53.22 266.64 400.00
For further information, please contact: Amanda Rofe, The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.
The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA. Registrations f r o m 2 0 countries. F o o d d e m o n s t r a t i o n s b y international c h e f s . Participation a n d c o n t r i b u t i o n s b y Vegetarian Times, F A R M , Fruitarian N e t w o r k . Y o g a , Tai C h i classes . . . Overseas registration US$170. Payment options: Visa, Mastercharge through AVS by 30 June. Official carrier: American Airlines — STAR File #S-0485UG
CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENT ORDER FORM Please insert the following advertisement in the next
issue/s of The Vegan under the heading (Please use capital letters)
Continue on a separate sheet if necessary. This form may be photocopied.
Box No. (£2.00 extra). Tick if required
I enclose cheque/PO for £ Name Tel. No
Lineage charges. See 'Rates and Conditions'.
• Copy. (£2.00). I require a copy of The Vegan in which my ad. will appear
payable to 'The Vegan Society Ltd.' Address Date
Return to: The Advertising Manager, The Vegan Society, 7 Battle Road. St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA. (Tel. 0424 427393)
The Vegan, Summer 1995
Promoting a diet free from all animal produce and a more compassionate way of living that seeks to avoid exploiting animals for any purpose
WHERE THERE'S A WILL THERE'S A WAY
cruelty-free footwear and clothing
There must be many readers who would like to offer financial support to the Vegan Society in its unique work but have limited means at their disposal. There is, however, an easy way of helping regardless of present circumstances — by including a legacy to the Society in your Will. Great or small, such legacies can make a real and enduring contribution to the promotion of vegan ideals. For those who would like to make a bequest to the Society the following form of words is suggested:
a stunning range of outdoor and leisureware combining the finest synthetic m a t e r i a l s with quality craftsmanship and design. Suitable for vegans,
I bequeath to the Vegan Society, Registered Charity no. 279228, presently at 7 Battle Road. St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, the sum of £ . and declare that the receipt of the Treasurer or other authorized officer of the said Society shall be good a/ui sufficient discharge of such legacy.
vegetarians and all those w h o care about the e n v i r o n m e n t For a F R E E full colour catalogue call or fax 01 7 0 8 7 3 9 2 9 3 or write to: Ethical Wares, Dept VM, 84 Clyde Way, Rise Park,
Property left to the Society is another valuable contribution to our cause. If you wish to will land or property to the Society, please write for details of how to arrange ihis.
MONTHLY CASH DRAW RESULTS February 1995
Ist 202 P H u r d £40.13 £24.07 2nd 366 S P e a t 3rd 164 P James £16.05
lst 78 Jenny Jones £37.87 2nd 58 Helen Camp £22.72 3rd 14 Merril Dalton £15.16
April 1995 lst 174 C E Finebaum £31.87 2nd 131 Sue Cunningham £19.12 3rd 190 L T Paterson £12.76
CALLING AUTHORS & ARTISTS The Editor invites authors, artists and cartoonists to submit material for possible publication in The Vegan. Fees negotiable. Write to: Richard Farhall, Editor, The Vegan, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, United Kingdom To ensure return of your work please enclose an SAE.
Romford, Essex RM1 4 U T
The Vegan Society's
MONTHLY CASH DRAW Cash prizes every month! If you'd like to make a regular contribution to support the Vegan Society's work and stand a chance of winning a cash prize every month, then the Society's Monthly Cash Draw is for you. Each month, three cash prizes — comprising 50% of that month's total entry money — are drawn. A monthly entry is £1.50 but you may make as many entries as you wish. The draw takes place on the last working day of the month. A list of winners is published in The Vegan. To take part just complete the form below and enclose your remittance for 3, 6 or 12 months as required. Don't worry about forgetting to renew —- you will be reminded in good time!
MONTHLY CASH DRAW Name Address Post code Please enter me for
Tel. entry/ies for
I enclose a cheque/PO payable to 'The Vegan Society' for£ 3 MONTHS — £4.50 6 MONTHS — £9.00 12 MONTHS — £18.00 R e t u r n to: Cash Draw O r g a n i z e r , T h e Vegan Society, Donald W a t s o n House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA. United K i n g d o m
presents... A SHOPPING GUIDE
Running lime: 22 minutes
FOR THOSE WISHING TO BUY
Truth or Dairy explains just why it is that some people have decided to go against the grain of popular burger, shake & fries culture and attempts to answer that most difficult of questions: "If you give up eating meat, fish, milk, eggs and cheese, is there anything left at all except a few poxy vegetables?"
GOODS W H I C H ARE FREE O F ANIMAL INGREDIENTS AND INVOLVE NO A N I M A L TESTING
Truth or Dairy is presented by poet Benjamin Zephaniah, and features a star-studded vegan cast including The B52s, Consolidated, Uri Geller, Casey Kasem, k.d. lang, Moby, River Phoenix, Martin Shaw, Heather Small (M-People), Spice Williams, Daisy the pantomime cow and a nice man who runs a fruit 'n' veg stall in Camden High Street. Send your name, address and cheque/PO for £9.95 (UKp&p
The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.
• Thousands of entries under Food, Drink, Toiletries & Cosmetics, Remedies & Supplements, Baby & Infant Care, Footwear & Clothing, Home & Office, Animal Care, and Garden & Leisure • Useful contacts, mail order addresses, information on animal substances and additives THE VEGAN BIBLE' Send your name, address and cheque/PO for £5.60 (UK p&p incl.) to:
The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.
NEW L E A F L E T ! SECOND EDITION
A VARIED VEGAN DIET IS ABLE TO SUSTAIN — IN GOOD HEALTH — THINKERS, ATHLETES, BODYBUILDERS — MAYBE YOU TOO
£8.95 • Substantially updated and greatly expanded • New section on vegan mothers and children • Most comprehensive survey of scientific research on vegan diets • Ideal for vegans, would-be vegans, and health care professionals • Includes highlighted key points, easy-to-follow tables, chapter summaries
Send your name, address and cheque/PO for £10.10 ( UK p&p incl.) to:
The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.
Send your name, address, number of leaflets required and cheque/PO to: The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.