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Information Editor: Colin Howlett Advertising and Distribution Manager: Barry Kew Design by Three's Company, Oxford Illustrations by Juliet Breese Typeset by Goode Typesetting Service, Oxford Printed by L.J. Print Services Ltd., London SE8 3DX The Vegan is published quarterly by The Vegan Society Ltd Publication date: Late February, May, August, November Copy date: 1st of month of publication ISSN 0307-4811 © The Vegan Society Ltd "Vegan' is a trademark of The Vegan Society Ltd

T h e Vegan Society The Vegan Society Ltd Registered Charity No. 279228 33-35 George Street Oxford O X 1 2AY Tel: 0865 722166 President: Serena Coles Deputy President: Chris Langley Vice-Presidents: Eva Batt Freya Dinshah Jay Dinshah Grace Smith Council: Paul Appleby Serena Coles Vincent FitzGerald Colin Howlett Lis Howlett Chris Langley (Chair) Hon. Treasurer: Vincent FitzGerald Secretary: Barry Kew Office Manager: Susan Kew Information Officer: Philip Brown


For the benefit of new readers some general information is provided below: Veganism may be defined as a way of living which seeks to exclude, as far as is possible and practical, all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, the animal kingdom for food, clothing or any other purpose. In dietary terms, it refers to the practice of dispensing with all animal produce - including meat, fish, poultry, eggs, (nonhuman) animal milks, and their derivatives. The status of honey in a vegan diet has varied over the years; whilst remaining contentious, its use is currently left to individual conscience. The Vegan Ethic challenges all who preach compassion yet acquiesce in institutionalized animal abuse, especially the cruel practices inherent in dairy, livestock and poultry farming. Abhorrence of these practices is probably the single most common reason for the adoption of veganism, but many people are also drawn to it for health, ecological, spiritual and other reasons. For those in doubt, the words 'vegan' and 'veganism' are pronounced 'VEEgan' and "VEEganism' with a hard 'g', as in 'gorilla'. The Vegan Society was formed in England in November 1944 by a group of vegetarians who had recognized and come to reject the ethical compromises implicit in lacto-vegetarianism and consequently decided to renounce the use of all animal products. Since those early days it has grown considerably in both size and influence, reflecting the increasingly wide recognition of veganism's ethical, health, ecological and other advantages. The Society now has the status of an educational charity, whose aims include encouraging the development and use of alternatives to all commodities normally derived wholly or partly from animals. If you would like more information about its work

please send a large SAE to the Society at 33-35 George Street, Oxford OX1 2AY. If you are already a vegan or vegan sympathizer please support the Society and help increase its influence by joining. Increased membership means more resources to educate and inform. The current membership fee is £6.50 for an individual (£4 if unwaged) and £8.50 for a family (£6 if unwaged). Full membership is restricted to practising vegans, as defined above, but sympathizers are very welcome as associates of the Society. Both members and associates receive The Vegan free of charge. Applications for membership/associate status should be sent to the Oxford office, with the envelope marked 'Membership Secretary'. Vegan Society Publications The Society publishes a wide range of free leaflets and lowpriced books and booklets of interest to the newcomer. See the section in the magazine entitled Publications & Promotional Goods. This section also lists a number of works which although produced independently of the Society and not necessarily vegan in viewpoint are nevertheless felt to be useful and informative. Vegan Magazines In addition to The Vegan - the official organ of the Society - the following independent publications may be of interest: Vegan Views 6 Hayes Avenue, Bournemouth BH7 7AD. An informal quarterly with articles, interviews, news, reviews, letters, cartoon strip. Subscription rate for four issues: £2.40 (Europe and surface mail overseas: £2.80). Vegan Times 25 Tabley Road, London N7 0NA. Veganism, spiritual growth, healing, ecology, etc. 50p in stamps for a sample copy. Y Figan Cymreig (The Welsh Vegan) 9 Mawddwy Cottages,

Minllyn, Dinas Mawddwy, Machynlleth SY20 9LW, Wales. 35p in stamps for a sample copy. The Vegan Families Contact List provides a link between parents throughout the UK seeking to raise their children in accordance with vegan principles. To receive a copy of the list and have your name added to a future edition, please send an SAE to the compiler - Eve Gilmour - c/o the Oxford office, giving your name, address and names and dates of birth of children. The Vegan Self-Sufficiency Network, an organization independent of the Vegan Society, was established to provide a focus for all those interested in, working towards or practising self-sufficient lifestyles based on vegan principles. The Network produces a quarterly newsletter in which members can share ideas and experience and discuss subjects related to the many aspects of vegan selfsufficiency. There are sections devoted to vegan gardening, and to crafts and selfsufficiency skills. If you would like further information VSSN please write to: A subscription to the newsletter costs £2 a year (overseas, surface mail £2.50) - cheques payable to 'The Vegan SelfSufficiency Network'. Veganism Abroad There are active vegan societies in Australia, Sweden and the USA, as well as contacts in Belgium. Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands and New Zealand.

The views expressed in The Vegan do not necessarily reflect those of the Editor or of the Vegan Society Council. Nothing printed should be construed as Vegan Society policy unless so stated. The Society accepts no liability for any matter in the magazine. The acceptance of advertisemens does not imply endorsement. Contributions intended for ublication are welcomed, ut unsolicited materials will not be returned unless accompanied by an SAE.


The Vegan, Spring 1987

LIVING WITHOUT CRUELTY We are now well into the new year; the time for resolutions is past. Now is the time to get a grip on the year, see a pattern of activity emerging - a scheme of work, a programme of events - and wonder what action can be taken in the months ahead to forward our particular cause. Will the nation move more rapidly to adopt a healthier and more humane lifestyle, will agricultural policies favour a saner system of growing food, will government funds be allocated to non-animal-based research projects, will barbaric practices - such as hunting and fishing - come any closer to being outlawed? And what part can the Vegan Society and its individual members play in all this? With this issue members* will be receiving a special insert detailing practical ways in which they as individuals can contribute to the Society's growth and its success in getting its message across in 1987 - which we have decided

to proclaim a year of Action For All. If each individual member could fulfil even a part of our Action For All programme, an enormous amount of good would be done. And in future issues we'll give further details of ways in which individuals and local groups can build on a good start to the year. But what of the Society itself? After a period of reorganization we now feel ready to 'come out'! And the event that we are setting our sights on is the Living Without Cruelty Exhibition in Kensington in June (See p23 for further details). The organizers of this major event, Animal Aid, are - like ourselves - a relatively young Society still to enjoy the sustained legacy income that backs up the work of longerestablished and wealthier proanimal charities; and again like ourselves, its staff and Council are driven on by the strength of their convictions

and their dedication. We look forward to co-operating to the fullest possible extent with this dynamic sister organization in this and future events. There are, of course, many organizations at work in the field of animal rights. Their emphases may differ, but all of their work is complementary. Each has its part to play and each needs all the assistance it can get in playing it. It is sad then that parochialism, 'tunnel vision' - call it what you will should so often blind 'the powers that be' in these organizations to the good that can come from greater cooperation. We in the Vegan Society are pledged to doing all in our power to pulling down all such artificial barriers to achieving the maximum impact in the common and urgent task of turning the phrase 'Living Without Cruelty' from a sonorous slogan into a living reality. •If you are not yet a member of the Society and would like to know more about its work, take a look at the Information section on the page opposite. Having done so, move to the form on page 23. Should you fill it in, you'll be contacted promptly. And if you're a little faint-hearted, feeling that you are with us in spirit but that the flesh is weak, don't let that stop you - all who share our aims are welcome as associates of the Society.

Contents • News • Healthwise Boning up on calcium • Have Guide, Will Travel. . . Andrew Sanger surveys the v e g a n holiday scene


• Spotlight 10 . . . on Animal Aid • The Silent Scream - Part I 13 Fish a n d p a i n the cold facts • In the Vegan Kitchen 14 Recipes f r o m Janet Hunt, tempeh c o o k b o o k review

• Shoparound • Reviews • Family Matters V e g a n kids - in a class of their o w n


3 The Vegan, Spring 1987

4 7

17 18 20

T v»

• Postbag • Noticeboard • Publications &

21 22 24

Promotional Goods • Classifieds


News Burgergate A major scandal has erupted within the Vegetarian Society of the United Kingdom ( V S U K ) Ltd following revelations that a m e m b e r of its Council of Management Roger T u r n e r of Tollerton, North Yorkshire - has been openly selling beefburgers and other meat products from his privately-owned business premises.

"Business is business . . . you've got to give the public what it wants . . . I am not ashamed of anything I've d o n e " . T u r n e r informed The Vegan on 11 February. On being challenged to reconcile his position as a trustee of the Vegetarian Society with the promotion of meat products, he retorted that the Society's existing rules allow a butcher or even a slaughterman to serve on Council. Shortly after a stormy V S U K Council meeting on 14 February, during which it is reported that a number of Council members failed to support calls for his resignation, a group of six outraged Council members [Approximately half of the entire Council - Ed.] requested that the following statement be made public: " W e utterly deplore the fact that a fellow m e m b e r of the Council of the VSUK has been directly engaged in the promotion and retail of meat products, and wish to dissociate ourselves publicly from his conduct. Such conduct is, in our opinion, a betrayal of the finest traditions of our 140-year-old Society. We appeal to members of the V S U K to demonstrate support for our stand on a


matter of fundamental principle by writing to: II Catheart Place (2F3), Edinburgh EH11 2HD. Further details will be supplied on receipt of an SAE." Charles Everett Royce Mitchell Chris Murphy Chris Payne Julie Tomlinson Richard Walters

Bus Tour Success Animal Aid's innovative Living Without Cruelty Christmas Bus Tour, which was opened in York by the Lord Mayor on 24 November, proved a great attraction as it made its way across the country, packed with cruelty-free toiletries and cosmetics, food, Christmas cards, recipes and books. By the close of the Tour, in London's Covent Garden on 29 November, a total of 17 towns had been visited and extensive TV and press coverage obtained.

Cruelty-Free March

Astounding Ronnie Lee, co-founder and leading light of the Animal Liberation Front, received an astounding 10-year jail sentence at Sheffield Crown Court on 5 February for allegedly masterminding a year-long A L F campaign during which £300,000 worth of damage was inflicted on the premises of animal abusers. Nine other participants in the ALF's "campaign of terror' were sentenced to a total of more than 27 years in jail. In the course of the campaign, the Court was told, A L F members had planted incendiary devices in top stores selling furs. In response to press reports describing these devices as •firebombs', A L F spokesperson Chris Oakley informs The Vegan that the devices - described by a Ministry of Defence expert at the trial as "unique and very well made" - were designed to trigger the stores' sprinkler systems and thus inflict

water, rather than fire damage. Within hours of the announcement of the sentence 20 members of the A L F broke into Bibby Research Station near Wilston on the Wirral and liberated 52 broiler hens and four piglets. The piglets are now reported to be in the care of a sympathetic vet. [Editor's Note: Reader's attention is drawn to the review of Against All Odds: Animal Liberation 1972-1986 on page 18].

Prime Time

On 6 February clips from the new RSPCA schools video

VEGE BURGER Two natural products free of artificial additives and animal ingredients.

Beki Barthelmie reports: The Cruelty-Free Christmas March and Rally organized by East Anglian Animal Rights and held in Norwich the centre of the UK turkey trade - on Saturday, 6 December attracted around 130 participants and much public attention, including a number of local radio interviews and a threeminute TV spot. Speakers at the Rally held after the march included Peter Cox, author of the best-selling Why You Don't Need Meat, and Chris Aston of the Campaign Against Farm Animal Abuse.


N O W -

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The Realeat C o m p a n y (Dept v S ) 2 Trevelyan Gardens, London. NW10 3JY

The Vegan, Spring 1987

Food For Protest (reviewed in the last issue of The Vegan) appeared on primetime television - BBC l's Six O'Clock News - amidst strong protests and claims of bias and misrepresentation from the National Farmer's Union to Education Minister Kenneth Baker. The video, which included scenes in which factory farming methods were likened to the Nazis* treatment of Jews in World War II concentration camps, was vigorously defended by RSPCA Head of Education, Cindy Milburn. Copies (VHS, Betamax and 16mm) are available on free loan from: Education Dept., RSPCA, Causeway, Horsham. West Sussex RH12 1HG.

Bullfight Campaign On 7 March Animal Aid is to launch a three-pronged Bullfight Campaign aimed at persuading British tourists in Spain to boycott bullfights, encouraging tour operators

to delete bullfights from the list of optional tours on offer, and putting pressure on Euro-MPs to get fellow E E C member Spain to abolish the practice. Full details and campaign materials available from: Animal Aid, 7 Castle Street, Tonbridge, Kent TN9 1BH. Tel: (0732) 364546.

Major Role Kim Stallwood, BUAV Campaigns Officer for the past six years, has left for America to take up a new post with leading U.S. animal rights organization PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals), based in Washington DC. As a member of Council from 1983 to 1985 (Chairman 19834), Kim played a major role in re-structuring the Vegan Society and we wish him all success.

RSPCA Catalogue The RSPCA has produced a comprehensive film and video catalogue, listing all the




Instant Marinating Paste

A n a u t h e n t i c and u n i q u e l y instant m a r i n a t i n g paste O n l y one or t w o t e a s p o o n s f u l i n s t a n t l y m a r i n a t e s a l l types o f f o o d


titles currently available from the Society. These cover a wide range of animal welfare subjects, including the work of the RSPCA, and may be borrowed without charge, other than the cost of outward and return postage. There is a brief synopsis of each item in the catalogue to assist in determining the suitability for the intended audience. The catalogue is available free, on receipt of an SAE, from: The Supplies Dept.. RSPCA, Causeway, Horsham, West Sussex RH12 1HG

currently being drafted in consultation with experts on copyright law.

Unanimous By a unanimous vote of fellow Council members, Chris Langley has been elected to the Chair and Vincent FitzGerald reappointed as Hon. Treasurer for the 1986-7 Council session.

Co-option By a unanimous decision of a meeting of the Council of 31 January 1987 Ms Amy Austin has been co-opted onto the Council of the Vegan Society.

Publications Thrust

Soya Database Looking for information on soya foods? Ask SOYA - a bibliographic database on soya bean utilization, processing, technology, marketing, history, nutrition and production containing listings for over 17,500 publications worldwide from 1100 B.C. to the 1980s. Developed over a period of ten years by the Californiabased Soyfoods Center, the SOYA database is updated weekly to keep abreast of the latest news; it lists 403 publications on soya from the year 1986 alone. For more ct:

Decisions, Decisions... Highlights of recent Vegan Society Council discussions

The Council has agreed to make the production of a comprehensive range of new booklets the main thrust of the Society's publishing effort in 1987. Work is already underway on implementing an ambitious Booklets Publication Programme, in which emphasis is placed on the exploitation of computeraided publishing methods.

Veal Boycott Haringey Council has agreed to stop the sale of veal in its canteens as a result of a campaign by local animal rights campaigners. On 18 November the Council's Personnel Sub-Committee accepted an Anti-Veal Petition presented by Haringey Animal Rights and bearing over 2,100 signatures. A ballot of workers in Haringey's Civic Centre revealed overwhelming support for such a ban (53 for, 6 against).

Veal Crate 'Ban'

Compensation The Society has received a compensatory payment from shoe manufacturers G.B. Britton for having made unauthorized use of the word 'vegan' in one of their Tuf range of men's shoes. This company's use of the word will now end and contracts for companies' authorized use of our name and logo are 5 The Vegan, Spring 1987

Plans to phase out the use of

white veal crates were announced by the Ministry of Agriculture in late November. Mandatory legislation is to be drawn up early this year to replace existing, and widely ignored, voluntary codes of practice. Although hailed in some animal welfare quarters as a major breakthrough, details released since the original announcement reveal a number of serious shortcomings in the proposals: albeit in larger crates, individual crating will still be allowed; veal imports will still be allowed from countries where veal crates remain common; and there is to be no ban on the live export of British calves for veal rearing on the Continent.

Vivisection Horror Acting on information supplied by a local resident, on Sunday, 23 November 1986 members of the Central Animal Liberation League ( C . A . L . L . ) entered the

premises of Animal Suppliers (London) Ltd, Roebuck Farm, Welling, Hertfordshire - to uncover damning evidence relating to the evil trade in the supply of animals for vivisection. Decaying monkey heads and the remains of a fruit bat were discovered in a disused refrigerator. Vast quantities of documentation were also seized - including letters from scientists complaining of the poor condition of animals sent to them and veterinary reports expressing concern over inadequate care of animals and overuse of antibiotics. This documentation is now in the hands of solicitors. Roebuck Farm is only one of many sites used by ASL, whose headquarters are located at 56 Torrington Park, North Finchley, London N12. C.A.L.L. appeals to readers for financial support in continuing its fight to end all animal abuse. Donations to: C.A.L.L. P.O. Box 45, Birmingham 1.

New Face Hello and welcome to the newest addition to the list of regular contributors to The Vegan - Janet Hunt, leading vegetarian and vegan cookery writer, who has taken over the 'In the Vegan Kitchen' column. Janet is also working on a new cookbook for the Society, which it is hoped to publish later this year.

Cookery Courses The Society's Autumn Series of Day Courses in Vegan Cookery - held at The Vegetarian Centre, Marloes Road, Kensington - was well attended and much enjoyed by both demonstrators and participants. 'Vegan Macrobiotic Cookery' featured Daphne Watson, of the Community Health Foundation and Kushi Institute and 'Vegan Christmas Cookery' featured Roselyne Masselin, Principal Tutor at the London

Vegetarian Centre. In response to popular demand, a new series of courses is planned for the Summer. See the next issue for details.

Vegan Label The Cranks vegetarian restaurant chain has taken a significant step forward in catering for vegans. In response to customer demand its vegan range is being enlarged and vegan dishes now carry a small identifying flagpole. A Cranks representative was also in attendance at one of our Autumn Day Courses in Vegan Cookery.

Price Rise As a result of increased production costs and other factors, with effect from this issue the cover price of The Vegan has been increased to 75p. The magazine remains, of course, free to members and associates of the Society.




with the essential CALCIUM and, VITAMINS B2, B12 and D2. Born of a vision when this vegan company pioneered the first British-made soya milk in 1965.




Drs Chris and Gill Langley take a vegan view of current medical writing on diet and health



alcium is important in the development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. The official British recommendation is that we should eat 500mg of calcium each day (600-700mg for children, l,200mg for pregnant or breast-feeding women), but the Americans set a higher recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of 800mg a day. (It is worth noting in passing that these differing views on what represent optimum intakes reflect the extent to which the whole question of RDAs is a minefield.) It is particularly important that infants and children - and hence pregnant and lactating women - get enough calcium as their bones and teeth are developing rapidly, but all women should ensure an adequate intake because hormonal changes after menopause can lead to osteoporosis (weak, brittle bones).

Early studies Early studies of calcium intake among British vegans 1 , in which various techniques of measurement were used, showed that levels were 1,000, 800 or 500mg a day, which is adequate according to the British RDA. A more recent, small study of the health of vegans compared to that of other dietary groups was car7 The Vegan, Spring 1987

ried out at the University of Surrey and published in 19852-3. Whereas the lactovegetarians studied were taking in more than double the RDA for calcium, the ten vegan volunteers obtained on average 98%, although their individual intakes varied considerably - ranging from 30% to 164% of the official requirement. Two breastfeeding vegan mothers were shown to have had intakes of only 41% and 30% of the RDA.

Absorption An adequate intake of calcium does not necessarily mean that your body is absorbing enough calcium, however. A significant amount of calcium in plant foods is in the form of calcium oxalate and calcium phytate two chemical forms of the mineral which are not readily absorbed by the body. Vegans tend to eat less protein than omnivores, which is no bad thing as this may help ensure adequate calcium levels. Human studies have shown that the body makes better use of available calcium in food when protein is relatively low, and that as protein intake increases more calcium is lost from the body by excretion. Moreover, by virtue of its elimination of meat (which is high in phosphorus), the balance of cal-

cium and phosphorus in a vegan diet is also conducive to calcium absorption. Useful amounts of calcium - on average 15% of the RDA can also be obtained from drinking water.

Vitamin D Adequate vitamin D is essential to enable the body to absorb calcium from the gut. There are no plant sources of the vitamin, but few people require a dietary source of vitamin D as it is made by the skin in response to daylight, especially direct sunlight. Children and pregnant or breast-feeding women, whose RDAs are higher than average, should therefore make the most of any opportunity to soak up the sunshine. A number of proprietary foodstuffs - such as fortified soya milks, margarines and some breakfast cereals - are supplemented with vitamin D; many of these are acceptable to vegans (see The Vegan Shopper's Guide). Other things which affect calcium balance in the body include exercise - which strengthens bones - and coffee, alcohol and smoking which tend to impair calcium balance.

No different Some vegans' calcium intake may fall short of the RDA, but have vegans as a group been found to suffer from calcium deficiency? Few studies have been made, but in 1970 it was reported that X-ray examination of the bones of vegans showed them to be no different in strength and thickness from the bones of omnivores of the same age and sex. A 1972 study5 showed that vegetarian volunteers had denser bones and less risk of osteoporosis than omnivores. Some reports 6 suggest that vegan children may have a low dietary intake of calcium: In America, one study revealed that children from a vegan community whose diet is more restricted than that of typical British vegans were taking in less than half the RDA at ages 2 to 5 years old. Another showed that vegan macrobiotic children also had

low levels of calcium in their food. The macrobiotic diet can, however, impose restrictions on diet not common to the average vegan diet. A 1981 study of British vegan children of pre-school age revealed that although the average calcium intake was only half the R D A there were no clinical signs of calcium deficiency.

Good sources Good vegan sources of calcium include molasses, miso, carob, soya and other beans, sesame and sunflower seeds, almonds and other nuts, dried figs, parsley, seaweeds, green leafy vegetables, tofu, Plamil soya milk and drinking water (in hard water areas). Whole nuts, seeds and beans may not be suitable for young infants because of the risk of choking, but can be given as nut and seed spreads (either bought or made at home with a grinder) and as cooked, pureed beans. Calcium deficiency may, according to some estimates, be quite widespread in the general population, but there is no evidence to suggest that adult vegans are particularly affected. Care should be taken to ensure that vegan children receive enough calcium, but there have been no reports of children on a sound vegan diet suffering from calcium deficiency.

References 1. D.S. Miller and P. Mumford, Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 2:201, 1972 2. A.H. Lockie and others, Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, 35:333, 1985 3. E. Carlson and others. Journal of Plant Foods, 6:89, 1985 4. F.R. Ellis and V.M.E. Montegriffo, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 23:249, 1970 5. F.R. Ellis and others, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 25:555, 1972 6. D.D. Truesdell and P.B. Acosta, Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 85:837, 1985

Have Guide, Will Travel. Andrew Sanger surveys the vegan holiday scene at home and abroad


lthough currently residing in London, the author has travelled very widely and lived in many countries including India, the United States, Tunisia, Greece and France. In addition to contributing to the travel pages of both quality and popular national newspapers and to various guidebooks, he writes occasional travel features for the BBC. His forthcoming book The Vegetarian Traveller (Thorsons, publication date: May I4th) is a guide to how to manage as a vegetarian in Europe and around the Mediterranean and includes sections on airlines, ferries and package holidays. G e o r g e B e r n a r d S h a w , that m u c h travelled f r u i t a r i a n with a leaning to sticky d e s e r t s , used t o send a p r i n t e d list in a d v a n c e to all hotels, in Britain o r a b r o a d , w h e r e he would be staying. It told t h e m exactly w h a t he would a n d w o u l d n ' t e a t , a n d w o e betide any hotelier w h o d i d n ' t give that irascible playwright exactly what he w a n t e d ! If y o u ' r e as rich a n d f a m o u s as he was, you can p r o b a b l y d o the s a m e .

Disappointment But m o s t v e g a n s in search of a holiday d o n o t find it q u i t e so easy. F o r o n e thing, it's pointless to simply leaf t h r o u g h t h e glossy p a g e s of this y e a r ' s c r o p of p a c k a g e - t o u r b r o c h u r e s a n d b o o k a f o r t n i g h t away. W h e t h e r it's full b o a r d , half b o a r d , o r just B & B , hotel m e a l - t i m e s a r e almost certain to p r o v e a serious d i s a p p o i n t m e n t , a n d may ruin the holiday altogether. Sadly, most big hotels at p o p u l a r r e s o r t s h a v e n o idea w h a t t o give a v e g a n . E v e n a f t e r it's all b e e n spelled o u t , they'll still serve not just an endless succession of salads b u t v e g e t a b l e s o u p s in m e a t s t o c k , egg dishes, o r e v e n , it h a p p e n e d to m e o n c e — " t h e y ' r e almost vege t a b l e s " , said t h e w a i t e r - snails! Self-catering is an obvious a n s w e r .


It is perfectly possible to enjoy sun, sea, sand and sights without ever touching animal products in Italy, Greece, Israel and, for the long-haul traveller, India. but will not invariably solve t h e problem. You'll probably have to pack a few bags of emergency supplies, for in most countries brown rice, wholemeal flour and b r e a d , muesli, sunflower m a r g a r i n e , soy sauce, wholewheat pasta and all the o t h e r cornerstones of the animal-free diet are little-known oddities. S o m e countries offer almost nothing to eat at all - most of Eastern E u r o p e , f o r e x a m p l e , appears to survive o n m e a t and potatoes livened up with sour c r e a m . Yet all is not lost. There are many countries which vegans can enjoy visiting. T h e s e fall into two basic categories: those w h e r e the local cuisine is fairly a d a p t a b l e to animal-free req u i r e m e n t s ; and those with lots of vegans and vegetarians, and therefore plenty of establishments catering for them.

Sun, sea, sand and sights T o t a k e the first g r o u p , it is perfectly possible to e n j o y sun, sea, sand and sights without ever touching animal products in Italy, G r e e c e , Israel and, for the long-haul traveller, India. In Italy although pasta is normally served as a starter, it is not actually against the law to ask for it as a main course - and very delicious it is too, with a m u l t i t u d e of possible sauces, m a n y consisting only of tomatoes and o t h e r vegetables. T h e big problem will be stopping the waiter from covering everything with p a r m e s a n cheese. In G r e e c e taverna-style eating is m o r e a b o u t a t m o s p h e r e than f o o d , which usually falls far short of the gourmet level, even for carnivores. For

vegans there is a limited - but survivable - choice of fried vegetables (aubergines, potatoes, green beans) served in a tasty oily, tomato-y sauce. Olive oil is the only frying m e d i u m used. Sometimes tomatoes or peppers stuffed with rice make an appearance; if you've become a regular, you can order them specially for the following evening. It always pays to explain what you can and can't eat, to ensure that no meat finds its way into things. The great standby in G r e e c e is the marvellous horiatiki, or ' G r e e k salad' - just a simple bowl of sliced giant tomatoes, green peppers, and onions, sprinkled with olives and feta cheese, dressed with olive oil and p e p p e r , and served with lovely G r e e k b r e a d . Ask for it horis tyri, without cheese, for an excellent lunch or snack. Israelis, a people visibly brimming with health and energy, eat vast quantities of salad. But you'll have to make a serious effort to avoid milk products - yogurt, cheese and sour cream which they also love. They start the day with (is there anyone else in the world who eats a breakfast like this?) huge quantities of crisp, fresh, filling salads and b r e a d . O n e of the most popular light meals, available everywhere at any time of day, is a plate of falafel (balls of fried, spicy chickpeas), and tahini (sesame-seed paste), with a mass of finely chopped salad and pitta bread; a meal like this costs little more than ÂŁ1. Israel can also offer quite a few vegetarian guest-houses, plus at least a couple of vegetarian hotels (the one at Ashkelon is virtually vegan), and even a whole vegetarian moshav (communal village) consisting of 63 families. It's called A m i r i m , which means treetops, and is a beautiful, peaceful place up in the green hills of Galilee. Half the families take paying guests on a full-board or half-board basis. They vary in what they eat, and many are vegan. The Vegan, Spring 1987

Further afield, in India threequarters of the population are vegetarian (they do eat milk products, especially yogurt, but not eggs), and it's meat-eaters who are at a disadvantage, not vegans.

The best and most up-to-date source of information for British holidays is The Vegan Holiday & Restaurant Guide.

Package deals A holiday company catering specifically for vegans and vegetarians, with a selection of package deals to several European destinations and Israel (including Amirim) is The House of Fischer's Better Life Holidays', Chancery House, 1 Effingham Street, Ramsgate CT11 9AT (Tel: 0843 589 855). Call them for a brochure. In the second group - countries with plenty of vegan and vegetarian facilities - must be numbered Holland, Germany, Denmark and Sweden. In all of these, facilities tend to be concentrated in a few towns only, so it would be wise to plan ahead, checking phone numbers and addresses and making advance bookings. However, the world leader in this group of countries is . . . Great Britain. After all, Britain has a vegetarian tradition dating back at least to the early 19th Century - and many early vegetarians were in fact vegans. Admittedly, in some parts of the country even today vegetarians are hardly more common than Martians and regarded as no less strange. Yet most British towns can offer a health food shop, maybe a vegetarian restaurant too, and dotted around the country there are boarding-houses and small, pleasant family-run hotels aiming specifically at the vegetarian market. No other country in Europe is quite so well served with vegan and vegetarian holiday facilities as Great Britain. The International Vegetarian Handbook (Thorsons/VSUK Ltd., £3.95 + 60p p&p) has invaluable listings of holiday accommodation at home and abroad - but note that, as its editors

—The Vegan— Holiday and Restaurant — G u i d e —

Vegancroft and the lake is Loch Dunvegan! The Lake District has several enticing listings, as does the New Forest; the Isle of Wight also makes an appearance, and there are masses of places in the West Country. Ireland, unlike Britain, has no vegetarian tradition at all, but is nevertheless a wonderful, rustic, gentle place for a holiday. Nowhere more so, surely, than somewhere like Gaelic-speaking Achill Island, off County Mayo's wild Atlantic shore, where there is vegan guest-house accommodation from June to August.

Activity holidays

themselves admit, keeping the thing up to date is virtually impossible, so always check by phone or letter that places are still in existence before rushing off for a fortnight.

Up to date Although a much slimmer volume than the Handbook above, the best and most up-to-date source of information for British holidays is The Vegan Holiday & Restaurant Guide* (The Vegan Society, £1.50 + 25p p&p). This lists all sorts of accommodation - from farms and hostels to fully-fledged hotels - as well as restaurants and cafes. In all there are over 400 entries, many of them in Britain's best-known beauty spots - and some in places which are just as beautiful but less well known. No fewer than 38 counties in the United Kingdom have entries, perhaps the most intriguing of which is an 8-acre lakeside croft on the Isle of Skye: the croft happens to be called

Activity holiday options, detailed in a separate section of the Guide, include walking holidays with several different companies, some camping en route, others using hotel and guest-house accommodation. Most are in Wales, and with all of them a van takes luggage ahead for you. Something about the Welsh hills clearly appeals to vegetarians and vegans - another little organisation based there is Bicycle Beano, who organise cycling excursions with either hotel or camp-site accommodation; children are welcome, again a van carries all luggage, and 'scrumptious wholefood/vegetarian cuisine' is assured. Wild Wales Walks offer walking, cycling and specialinterest holidays with full board in a comfortable guest-house. There are many more possibilities to choose from: try your hand at sailing, for example (no experience necessary) or painting holidays on the Isle of Arran, or dance and drama courses in Sussex. All details in the Holiday & Restaurant Guide. * Editor's note: Readers who purchased the Vegan Holiday & Restaurant Guide before December 1986 are reminded that a Supplement, containing more than 100 further entries, is available from the Society free of charge on receipt of a 9" x 6" SAE.

Hindhead Country House


Hotel & Licensed Restaurant 196 Llannwst Road, Upper Colwyn Bay, Clwyd LL28 5YS, Wales

Welcomes Vegans For 25 years the STRICTLY VEGETARIAN guest house in the Lake District has enjoyed delicious international vegetarian cuisine. Orchard House, known for its comfort and serene atmosphere, enjoys a quiet inviting garden, is close to mountains, streams and lakes. For those who seek the peace and beauty of the Lake District, Orchard House is for you. OPEN ALL YEAR! Stamp appreciated for brochure to: Borrowdale Road Keswick, Cumbria CA12 5DE Tel: (0596) 72830 9 The Vegan, Spring 1987


OPEN ALL YEAR (Closed all day Tuesdays) Come and spend a memorable holiday with us in peaceful and beautiful surroundings - or simply enjoy a delicious meal in our restaurant. One of the finest views in North Wales. For details and a colour brochure send to: Joyce and Graham

Spotlight on...


The first in an occasional series on the history and activities of kindred organisations

Beginnings " There are many national societies campaigning against specific areas of animal abuse but few engaged in the important work of promoting the concept of animal rights in general . . . Animal Aid is now taking on this role and our Xmas campaign is the first of many to come which will aim to persuade both the public and the politicians that the wholesale oppression of the animal kingdom by human beings is intolerable and must not be allowed to continue" (Animal A i d ' s Outrage magazine No.29. N o v / D e c 1983).

(3 million leaflets in 1982 alone), conferences and use of celebrities which first opened their hearts, minds and eyes to institutionalised and systematic cruelty to animals. Early growth was spectacular. In 1979 Animal Aid moved f r o m Jean Pink's h o m e to proper offices, and in 1983 had to move again to larger ones. T h e first 15 months brought in 2,900 members and by 1982 the figure had soared to 10,400 with Outrage listing 144 local contacts. Junior Animal Aid was introduced in the Spring of 1979 and re-launched as Youth for Animal Rights ( Y F A R ) by Animal Aid and Compassion in World Fanning (CIWF)

A n i m a l Aid has always been quick to spot t h e gaps in the m a r k e t ; indeed in t h e s e w e r e its beginnings. F o u n d e d in 1977 by J e a n Pink after a reading of P e t e r Singer's Animal Liberation had c h a n g e d the direction of her life, its t h e n n e w s h e e t stated that: "Animal Aid was born out of a feeling of intense frustration at the ineffectiveness of the established societies . . . it seemed to us that these societies spent their time preaching to the converted . . . we felt the most urgent need was to inform those who had little or no idea of what was going on, with the aim of drawing new people into the campaign" (Animal Aid News N o . 2 , J a n 1979). Initially c o m m i t t e d to the total abolition of vivisection and factory f a r m i n g , A n i m a l A i d ' s aims have been well reflected in its changing slogans. By s u m m e r '79 the anti- factory farming e l e m e n t h a d b e e n d r o p p e d in o r d e r that r e s o u r c e s might be concentrated o n fighting vivisection and it wasn't until M a y / J u n e '82 that Outrage (only so titled f r o m March/April '80) changed its b a n n e r to the wider ' F o r those c o m m i t t e d to the abolition of Animal A b u s e ' . Regardless of these shifts of e m p h a s i s A n i m a l Aid has remained t r u e t o its origins and for many (or e v e n m o s t ) p e o p l e now engaged in the struggle f o r animal rights it was this Society's d e m o n s t r a t i o n s , marches, campaigns, materials, leafletting


in O c t o b e r '82. By June '83 this offshoot could boast 1,000 members. W h e n Y F A R later folded through lack of funds its expanded membership (1,500) was absorbed by Animal Aid - to become the Animal Aid Youth G r o u p . Animal Aid's current Director, Mark Gold, came from C I W F in O c t o b e r 1983 as his factory farming expose Assault & Battery was published, and on 30 January 1984 the Society became a private limited company, with the founder choosing the first committee members - Bill Bingham, John Bryant, Penny Goater, W a n d a O b e r m a n , Eileen Ryan, Joe Shuman and herself - before bowing

out in December that year. Despite a number of major setbacks - the Boots injunction of 1982, and the advertisement withdrawal by the Advertising Standards Authority, the need to hold a Booster Appeal and the office breakin (all in 1984) - Animal Aid has kept on pushing on.

Marches The first march - held in Cambridge on 5 May 1979, when Hans Ruesch (author of Slaughter of the Innocent and The Naked Empress) addressed the rally at the Student's Union - was to trigger the series of revelations which hit the national headlines through into 1980. A member of the staff at the Babraham Institute of Animal Physiology witnessed the 500-strong procession and was moved to write to Animal Aid, giving details of the horrific experiments on goats, cows, sheep, pigs and cats being conducted there. A subsequent raid by the Northern and Eastern Animal Liberation Leagues secured further information and photographic evidence for national television and press, which renamed Babraham 'Frankenstein Farm'. Other major anti-vivisection marches and rallies were to follow - Oxford (October 1979), Porton Down (May 1980), Sheffield (October 1980), Birmingham (May 1981), Bristol (October 1982), and London (the Mobilisation for Animal Laboratory Animals in May 1984 and the Living Without Cruelty march in November 1985).

Campaigns and Events The style of the animal rights movement over the last ten years or so owes much to the lead given by Animal Aid's local and national campaigns and events, by its strong support of local group initiative, and by its continual courting of media coverage. The Campaigns against the Draize Test and the LD50 Test, fought in coalition with other groups, saw campaigners out on the streets in November 1980 (Remember the Revlon Rabbits Day, on which half a million leaflets The Vegan, Spring 1987

were distributed?), January/February '81 (Avon), N o v e m b e r '81 (Bristol Myers/Clairol), and March '82 (Elida Gibbs). As a result donations given by these companies to alternative research methods totalled $1,145,000. Putting this in perspective, the $750,000 given by Revlon was less than half of the company President's salary. Christmas 1981 brought Animal

The Badger Campaign and the Day of Action against Psychology Experiments came in the Spring of 1985 and in May of the same year the anti-factory farming Profits from Misery Campaign was launched. The Living Without Cruelty Campaign, with its innovative link-up with commercial companies - R e a l e a t , Plamil, Weleda, and Pure Plant Prod-

1983 saw the launch of the Animal Rights? audio-visual p r o g r a m m e comprising 190 slides, 2 x 15min. cassettes, and a 20-page b o o k l e t ; this was followed in 1984 by the film No Treats for Animals, for children aged 8-13, a n d in 1985 by the g r o u n d breaking Vegetarianism package comprising 4 p r o g r a m m e s each of 12 slides and a 15min. audio-tape.


Aid's first m a j o r initiative against farm animal abuse, joining C I W F for a Cruelty-Free Christmas Campaign which has continued in subsequent years. In July 1982 the long-running Campaign for Healthy Food (CAMHEALTH) was launched, and then came the Campaign Against Boots (November '82), the Campaign for the Promotion of Respect for Animals in Schools (July '83), and the Mobilisation for Laboratory Animals Against Government Proposals (opposing the G o v e r n m e n t ' s plans to 'update' the 1876 Cruelty to Animals Act). In coalition with other major antivivisection organisations, Animal Aid co-ordinated a week of action which began on 5 May 1984 and ended with a national demonstration in London on the following Saturday. The Mobilisation Campaign climaxed with a mass lobby of Parliament on 27 February 1986. In February 1984 Animal Aid launched its first-ever Campaign of Coordinated, Peaceful Civil Disobedience aimed at revealing the conditions in which poultry are transported and slaughtered. A Vegetarian Campaign was launched in S e p t e m b e r 1984, an element of which was a National Day of Action against the Slaughter Industry held on the 25th of the month. 11 The Vegan, Spring 1987

Living Without Cruelty is the message of the future in the search for a world where animals do not suffer in order to protect the profits, selfishness and greed of humans. It is also a celebration of a lifestyle that is good for humans

Mark Gold

ucts, began in September 1985. Special issues of Outrage - including one carrying an article entitled ' W h a t ' s Wrong with Milk?' - announced special events under the umbrella title, as well as the availability of introductory packs of cruelty-free goods. In February-March 1986 Animal Aid ran a Week of Action Against the Poultry Industry a n d , to come right up to d a t e , launched its latest campaign the Bullfight Campaign - on 7 March.

Materials Each of Animal Aid's campaigns has been accompanied by its own leaflets, the most recent being Boycott the Bullfight. A range of posters, books, pamphlets and merchandise is always available, along with the goods featured in the Living Without Cruelty Catalogue (through which almost 2,000 copies of The Vegan Shopper's Guide alone have been sold). Animal Aid also publishes a List of

Visual Aids on the Subject of Animals. With an all-vegan staff and using Outrage to full effect, A n i m a l Aid continues to p r o m o t e vegetarianism and veganism and alternative/preventive medicine in f u r t h e r a n c e of its nonviolent forms of protest against vivisection, factory farming and all o t h e r forms of animal abuse. Its e f f o r t s to increase public awareness of animal abuse extend now t h r o u g h the Living Without Cruelty Campaign's bus tour of late '86 to the unique and ambitious Living Without Cruelty Exhibition to be held in June this year (Ed. See page 23 for details) and to which only organisations directly involved in fighting exploitation and waste, o r commercial companies promoting ethical goods are being invited (the V e g a n Society is taking a double stand). According to Campaign Director M a r k Gold, "Living Without Cruelty is the message of the future in the search for a world where animals d o not suffer in o r d e r to protect the profits, selfishness and greed of humans. It is also a celebration of a lifestyle that is good f o r h u m a n s " . It can't be clearer than that. Membership of A n i m a l Aid costs just ÂŁ5 (ÂŁ3 u n w a g e d ) . F o r f u r t h e r details of all aspects of the Society's work contact: 7 Castle Street, Tonbridge, Kent TN9 1BH. Tel: (0732) 364546. Barry Kew



-i :

no-] 'JM

i iii

Granose soya-milk looks and tastes like a milk-shake. But, quite simply, it's more healthy. It s lower in fat and sugar. It's completely free of artificial flavourings and preservatives. And it's suitable for people with an allergy to cow's milk. Granose soya-milk comes in five exciting flavours - plus three equally delicious soya-desserts. All of which makes one thing certain. If you're not already shaking with; anticipation, you soon will be. f " ,H









THE SILENT SCREAM-Partl Richard Farhall of the Campaign for the Abolition of Angling (CA A) looks at scientific evidence of the capacity of fish to feel pain, as well as at specific varieties of fish abuse Medway emphasizes that a distinction he human species considers fish to be cold-blooded, unfeeling | should not be made between warm'things' - more akin to plants i and cold-blooded animals: than animals. Such a notion is en'. . . where considerations of welfare couraged by anglers seeking to are involved, all vertebrate animals justify their 'sport' and is rein(i.e. mammals, birds, reptiles, forced by the existence of A amphibians and fish) should be that indefensible animal regarded as equally capable of sufthe fish-eating 'vegetarian'. fering. Fish are abused on a After examining the problem of massive scale; they are animal suffering it concludes: hunted, farmed, imprisoned and even experi' There may still be some people mented upon, yet availwho will argue that we cannot able evidence shows that prove beyond question that any they are capable of exvertebrate other than man feels periencing pain and sufpain. We, however, conclude fering in much the same that if any do, then the evidence way as any other animal. suggests that all vertebrates, through the mediation of similar neuropharmacological proThe Medway cesses, experience similar sen\v sations to a greater or lesser Report ||ia degree in response to Unfortunately, little resnoxious stimuli.' earch has been done on the capacity of fish to feel pain. However, in 1976 the RSPCA set up a panel of Enquiry into Shooting and Angling. It comprised leading scientists and representatives from shooting and angling organisations. The main finding of the Report (published in 1980) as regards fish is that there is sufficient evidence To summarize, whilst it may not be to suggest that they are capable of possible to prove that fish feel pain, we know that there are close similarities suffering to some degree or another. The Report begins by addressing between higher and lower vertebrates itself to the tricky problem of defining in biological make-up and the way the nervous system and sense organs animal suffering: function. 'The dilemma of course, is that the The human species has more in incidence of pain can only be verified common with the slimy, cold-blooded beyond question in human subjects, fish than it would care to admit! because only they are capable of reporting in words the sensations Angling experienced.'


It is a popular belief that fish are insensitive to pain because of their primitive position in the vertebrate evolutionary scale, yet the Report notes that among all vertebrate animals there exist patterns of behaviour that appear similar to the non-verbal responses of human subjects known to be suffering pain. In other words, vertebrates react similarly when a strong stimulus such as sharp pressure is applied - they will recoil, shudder, sometimes squeal and try to escape. Therefore, pain teaches vertebrates to avoid what is physically harmful to them and so is an essential sense for survival. 13 The Vegan, Spring 1987

Fish are abused for both recreational and commercial purposes. The major recreational use of fish is the bloodsport of angling. Angling may be defined as the taking, or attempting to take fish by rod, line and hook. By far the most popular branch of the 'sport' is coarse fishing - the others being sea angling and game fishing. Coarse fishing is the country's largest participant 'sport' and is mainly practised for human amusement. Freshwater (coarse) fish are largely inedible and usually returned to the water. The commonest variety of angler is the 'pleasure angler' - popularly regarded as a harmless individual,

who fishes infrequently 'for a bit of relaxation in the countryside'. However, increasing commercialisation and greed have resulted in the evolution of the 'match angler' who participates in organised competition. T h e object is to catch the greatest aggregate weight of fish in a given time, usually with financial inducement. Another variety is the 'specimen hunter', who expends considerable amounts of time, energy and money on the pursuit and capture of a particular species. Sea Angling is practised from the shore, piers, rocks, sea walls, h a r b o u r walls or boats. Competitive fishing occurs on a large scale but fish are delivered for weighing dead. Traditionally it is unusual for sea anglers to return any of their catch alive to the water as most species may be eaten. Game Fishing - the quarry of the freshwater game fisherman are the salmon, sea trout, rainbow trout and, to a lessser extent, grayling. It is usual to kill game fish for the table. T h e coup d e grace is administered by a blow on the head with a stick, stone or specially designed club known as a 'priest'. Substantial re-stocking of game fisheries by hatchery-reared trout is standard practice. Some degree of 'vermin control', including the destruction of predatory fish and fisheating birds, may also be practised. Shark fishing is a particularly barbaric form of game fishing. A fish that is to die is brought exhausted alongside of the boat and a huge sharp hook is stuck into it. A rope is fastened around the tail and it is hauled aboard. It is then beaten on the nose until it dies. '. . . a shark will vomit up everything in an attempt to get rid of the hook which is causing him pain . . . Blue sharks in particular, come aboard with their entire stomach hanging unpleasantly outside the jaws. . . ' . (Trevor Houseby, shark fisherman.) In part II we shall look at the cruelty involved in coarse fishing and the campaign to ban this neglected bloodsport. Editor's Note: Copies of the Report of the Panel of Enquiry into Shooting & Angling (1976-1979) can be obtained for ÂŁ1.00, incl. p&p., from: RSPCA, Causeway, Horsham, Sussex RH12 1HG. The CAA (PO Box 14, Romsey S051 9NN) also produces a range of Information Sheets on angling.


iSt* and welcome also to our new regular cookery writerJanet Hunt,author of The Compassionate Gourmet; The Very Best of International Vegan Cuisine


o h e r e we are, at the start of the Chinese New Y e a r - the Year of the Rabbit. Most appropriate, say my carnivore friends as a lead into the usual and oh-so-boring " A f t e r all, that's all you lot eat, isn't it? - rabbit f o o d ! " It's an expression I've heard m o r e times than I've had hot (yes, hot) dinners. A n d although I don't mind at all being associated with the gentle, fun-loving rabbit, I d o object to this biased and totally wrong attitude to the way I eat. I admit to having a passion for salads - not the limp lettuce leaf variety but salads made with raw young vegetables, sweetened m a y b e with some fresh or dried fruit, sprinkled with nuts or seeds or crunchy deep-fried soya

beans. I think salad dressings are sadly neglected; it seems to be considered over-indulgent or unhealthy to have your lettuce any way except naked. In fact, dressings can add nutrients, help you digest your food, and liven up the simplest of ingredients (though they should only be used in small quantities, otherwise you'll drown the taste of the salad instead of enhance it). But I also very much enjoy cooked food. Nowadays there are a wide variety of ingredients available to vegans. T h e r e are recipes and cooking techniques coming to light from all around the world, different ways of serving a meal that make the traditional meat-and-two-veg format as boring as it is abhorrent (to rabbits like m e , that

is). If vegans have a reputation for not having the will or the wit to appreciate the pleasures that can be found in food the time is surely right for change. Be adventurous with your cooking. Experiment, enjoy. And then invite your carnivore friends to eat with you . . . and watch their faces. On the assumption that at this time of year no-one wants to be trapped in the kitchen for too long, none of the following dishes are complicated. The first menu is, however, especially quick and easy to prepare. The second might be more suitable for those special occasions - a celebration or a dinner party. Quantities are for 4 average servings.

MENU 1 Beansprout Soup with Ginger Celery and Tofu Stir Fry Coconut Cream Dessert Beansprout Soup with Ginger 1 Vi pints (850ml) vegetable stock 1 tsp fresh ginger, grated 1 tsp soya sauce, or to taste 1-2 tbs ginger syrup (from preserved ginger 1-2 tbs dry sherry - optional good squeeze of lemon juice 'A small head Chinese leaves, chopped 3 oz (85g) bean sprouts 14

Heat the stock; add the ginger, soya sauce, ginger syrup, sherry (if used) and lemon juice. Bring to a boil then simmer gently for 5 minutes. Raise the heat again, toss in the Chinese leaves and bean sprouts, and cook for literally a few more minutes until the lettuce begins to wilt. Serve at once.

The Vegan, Spring 1987

Celery and Tofu Stir Fry

Dice the tofu, mix with the other ingredients, and cook just long enough to heat through. Serve this stir fry topped with sprigs of watercress. Although it is usual to eat with brown rice, try it with bulgur for a change - it's quick to cook and has a delicate flavour.

Vi medium onion 3 sticks celery 2 small carrots 2 oz (55g) mushrooms Vi green pepper approx. 3 tbs vegetable oil Vi-1 clove garlic, crushed 10 02 (285g) tofu, well drained lots of fresh watercress

Coconut Cream Dessert

Chop the onion. Slice the celery, peeled carrots, the mushrooms and pepper. Heat the oil and add the garlic. Cook briefly. Add the onions, cooking and stirring until they begin to soften. Add the rest of the vegetables, stir, and continue cooking over a medium heat for about 5 minutes. (If you like you can cover the pan or wok and steam them briefly).

% pint (425ml) coconut milk 2 oz (55g) raw cane sugar 2 oz (55g) arrowroot kiwi fruit or bananas to decorate The coconut milk can be made from a block of creamed coconut, or by blending fresh coconut with water and then straining off the milk. Put the milk into a heavy-based saucepan with the sugar and arrowroot.

Cook over a medium heat, stirring continually, until the mixture thickens to a cream. Do not let it boil. Divide the cream between four bowls, cool the mixture and then chill. Just before serving decorate each bowl with thin slices of kiwi fruit or banana (if using banana, brush the fruit with lemon juice to keep it from going brown).

MENU 2 Avocado Kebabs Tagliatelle with Aubergine Sauce Strawberry Fool seasoning. Bring the mixture to the boil, then lower the heat, cover the pan, and simmer for 20-30 minutes until a sauce has formed. Stir in the olives. W h e n the sauce is nearly d o n e , bring a large pan of water to the boil and cook the pasta for about 10 minutes, or until just tender. Drain well. Serve the pasta topped with the sauce and sprinkled with the nuts. A side salad goes well with pasta. A special-occasion combination would be endive, watercress and chicory.

Avocado Kebabs 2 small, firm avocados Vi small cucumber 1 red pepper Vi medium melon 8 cherry tomatoes Dressing of your choice Carefully peel and cube the avocados. Cut the cucumber into thick chunks (without peeling) and then into halves or quarters, depending on the size. Dice the pepper and the melon flesh. Thread these ingredients, plus the tomatoes, onto small skewers, alternating them so that they look attractive. The kebabs should be served at once, but if this isn't possible, chill them before serving, first brushing the avocado and melon cubes lightly with lemon juice. Serve sprinkled lightly with vinaigrette dressing, or a French dressing made with lemon juice and slightly sweetened.

Tagliatelle with Aubergine Sauce 10 oz (285g) wholemeal tagliatelle 1 aubergine (approx. 1 lb/460g in weight) 1 green pepper 1 yellow pepper 1 14 oz (395g) tin tomatoes or fresh equivalent 1 tsp basil 15 The Vegan, Spring 1987

Strawberry Fool 1 tsp oregano 3 tbs tomato puree squeeze of lemon juice % pint (425ml) vegetable stock or water seasoning to taste garlic salt - optional 2 oz (55g) chopped black olives 3 oz (85g) walnut pieces Weigh out the tagliatelle and set aside. Heat the vegetable oil and add the peeled, diced aubergine. (To take away any bitterness, salt the aubergine, set aside, then rinse through with cold water and pat dry before using). Cook briefly, stirring frequently. Stir in the chopped peppers and drained, crushed tomatoes. Add herbs, puree, lemon juice, stock or water and

1 lb (455g) fresh or frozen strawberries 2 tbs of your favourite liqueur or concentrated orange juice raw cane sugar, powdered in a grinder - optional approx. Vs pint (340ml) soya yogurt Crunchy granola cereal or biscuits for topping Mash or blend the washed strawberries (if fresh) to make a thick puree. If liked you can strain them to remove the seeds. Stir in the liqueur or orange juice. Add sweetening if preferred. Mix the puree with the yogurt and set aside to chill. Adjust the sweetness. Serve in individual bowls or glasses topped with a sprinkling of crunchy granola or coarsely crushed biscuits. (The biscuits could also be served whole, of course).

Tempeh Cookery

* Editor's note: Copies of Tempeh Cookery are available for £8.95, inclusive of p&p,from: The Merchandise Dept., The Vegan Society, 33-35 George Street, Oxford OX1 2AY. Make cheques payable to: The Vegan Society Ltd. As tempeh is primarily an Indonesian food, try this slightly edited recipe from Tempeh Cookery, reviewed above.

Colleen Pride The Book Publishing Company *$10.95 Pbk F o r those w h o are not yet familiar with tempeh it is a savoury cake' of cooked and split soya beans, treated with a 'starter' ( R h i z o s Oligosporos), which is now available in this country via macrobiotic food outlets. This food has been a popular staple of Indonesian cookery for centuries, but has only fairly recently become available in the UK. A s a convinced tempeh lover, I received this book with enthusiasm. It is big (11" x 8'/2"), glossy and full of both recipes - well over 200 - and mouth-watering full-colour illustrations. T h e r e is also a clear and comprehensive section on how to m a k e your own tempeh at h o m e . T h e strong, distinctive flavour of this delicacy has caused it to be likened to various cheeses and meats and it t h e r e f o r e lends itself well to the wide variety of international dishes in this h a n d s o m e volume - lasagnes, pizzas, stir fries, chillies, stuffed vegetables, etc. T h e recipes in it are vegan almost t h r o u g h o u t (especially now vegan yoghurts are becoming available) but, being an American publication, it

Indonesian Sate

does call for a few unusual items. For those vegans preferring to obtain vitamin B12 from natural sources, tempeh can provide a substantial contribution. As Ms. Pride points out, it is also rich in other B vitamins, low in calories, and contains a natural anti-oxidant which prevents the fats in soya beans from becoming rancid. It is also thought that it acts to preserve and protect the biologically active vitamin E found in the beans. Attractive and comprehensive as this volume is, however, I have to admit to liking my tempeh best just steamed (to aid digestibility), then shallow fried or grilled and served with vegetables, salad, or in a sandwich. Hilary Craddock

Serves 4 Have ready: 8 oz tempeh, steamed 20 minutes, cooled and cut into 3/*" x 2Vi" strips (if tempeh is thick, cut in half through the thickness) Whisk together in a small bowl: 2 tbs natural smooth peanut butter 2 tbs soya sauce 1 tbs vegetable oil 2 tsp corn or barley syrup 1 clove garlic, pressed Vz tsp fresh ginger root, grated Vt tsp ground bay leaf dash cayenne pepper Place tempeh strips in a stainless-steel, glass or enamel pan. Pour liquid mixture over strips. Turn to coat well. Place on an oiled baking tray and cook at 400°F/200°C/Gas Mark 6 for 15 minutes. Serve hot with rice and a vegetable.

A MUST FOR THE COMPASSIONATE SHOPPER! - the latest, biggest-ever edition of this unique and best-selling checklist of cruelty-free commodities. Five easyto-consult sections - Food & Drink, Toiletries & Cosmetics, Remedies & Supplements, Footwear, and Miscellaneous - plus useful appendices on the criteria for inclusion in the Guide, additives, alcoholic beverages and mail-order companies.


—The Vegan— Shoppers Guide

£1.50, plus 25p p&p, from: The Merchandise Dept, The Vegan Society, 33-35 George Street, Oxford OX1 2AY Cheques/POs


payable to: The Vegan Society Ltd.

The Vegan, Spring 1987

Easter Treats

Shoparound Lis Howlett surveys the latest vegan products Easy to Spot Until fairly recently vegan shoppers were easy to spot - they were the only ones reading the labels. Nowadays almost everybody is doing it, although not always for the same reason. Healthfood enthusiasts are trying to avoid all additives and artificial flavourings and colourings; allergy sufferers are looking for products free from egg, gluten, cow's milk, and other known allergens; and many casualties of orthodox 'wisdom' on diet are under doctor's orders to avoid animal fats. So, thanks to the emergence of a general trend towards greater concern for one's health, the vegan is no longer the lone label reader. What's more, food products are now more clearly labelled than ever before. Manufacturers have even taken to spelling out undesirable ingredients that their products do not contain. Have you noticed, for example, just how often phrases like 'Free from artificial additives,' 'Free from artificial colouring' and - of more obvious interest to vegans 'Dairy-free' have been cropping up on labels lately?

Welcome Development Many readers will have observed another, related trend - the tendency for some of the products in larger supermarket chains and multiples to be labelled as 'suitable for vegetarians' and, albeit less often, as 'suitable for vegans'. The Vegetarian Society's seedling emblem is also increasingly in evidence as an at-a-glance indication of acceptability to vegetarians*. While this is a most welcome development, it is as yet of little help to vegans, as most of the products so marked are more lacto- than veggie, and even those which may be acceptable include such vaguely-defined ingredients as 'vegetable margarine'. Nevertheless, this is all progress in the right direction. Although, as I've indicated the general trends are very encouraging, things are rather quiet on the new product front at the moment - or maybe it just seems so after the recent torrent of new products. One reason for this apparent lull is doubtless that manufacturers are saving most of their surprises for the trade fairs later in the year.

New Out There are, however, some new items that are definitely worth looking out 17 The Vegan, Spring 1987

for. Real Foods - the Edinburgh-based wholesalers - have launched two new margarines: Vegetable Margarine and Sunflower Margarine. Marketed under the brand name 'Hawthorn Vale', they are soft margarines, very tasty, competitively priced and clearly labelled as 'suitable for vegans'. Some readers - especially caterers - will also be interested to hear that Granose's Vegetable Margarine is now available from wholesalers in a 2kg pack. The same company has just added a Coconut-Flavoured Soya Milk to its expanding range of flavoured soya milks; this is particularly refreshing when drunk really cold, but I'm sure enterprising cooks will also find many interesting culinary applications. An ingredient increasingly appearing in recipes for vegan deserts is maple syrup. Much as I love the stuff, I've always regarded it as simply too expensive for non-gourmet use. Meridian Foods have come to the rescue, however, with a more reasonably priced jar selling at ÂŁ2.25 for 250ml. So, go on - treat yourself! But keep it under lock and key for use in cooking only. By way of exception, if you want to make a spread that is both delicious and highly nutritious, try mixing three parts of tahini with one part of maple syrup. Just the topping for fresh wholemeal bread. Does the name Lotus Foods ring a bell? They used to supply by mail order a range of high-quality, unfavoured T V P products and vegetable rennets produced by Dorothy Forster. The company had to cease trading for a while after severe flooding on its premises, but the full range is now available once more and new products are in the pipeline. Hastell Wholefoods of Leatherhead and Life & Health Foods of Bury St Edmunds are the main distributors.

On a more seasonal note, by popular demand (mine included) Earthlore has produced a dairy-free carob Easter egg this year. Itona Products Ltd has also introduced Granny A n n Chunky Eggs; these are solid eggs, containing only natural ingredients - including soya beanmilk, raw sugar and cocoa, and sell in packs of three for ÂŁ1.08. And Holme Valley Wholefoods have also announced that they are to produce a carob Easter bunny. A s you may already have seen in the previous section, this really is the Year of the Rabbit! In the last issue I mentioned a sugarfree almond paste mix called 'Marzi' made by Kite Wholefoods and distributed by Infinity and Whole E a r t h . I feel it deserves a further mention since it is a really useful product for those wishing to avoid heavily sweetened marzipan and marzipan is an ingredient in a number of traditional Easter delicacies, such as simnel cake. 'Marzi' uses dried apricots for natural sweetness and simply requires mixing with apple juice concentrate.

Good and Bad Talking of sweetmeats, look out later in March for a new treat from Plamil Foods. They are launching carobcoated fruit & nut bars in three flavours - Apple, Pear, and Apricot. That's the good news. The bad is that their present Carob Fruit & Nut Bar - a family favourite - will be discontinued, so stock up while you can!

Snippets Some non-food news: Beauty Without Cruelty Ltd. has launched a new beauty soap scented with its popular Yolanda perfume. Although rather expensive at ÂŁ1.25 a bar, it lasts really well and would make an excellent gift. Weleda has added to its range a new toothpaste based on Calendula, the herb famed for its healing and antiseptic properties. And last but not least Janco's Liquid Concentrate, a product very popular with vegans, may soon become more widely available. Retailers are being encouraged to stock this highly-concentrated liquid soap, which comes in 5-litre containers. It is extremely economical and is ideal for all cleaning jobs in the h o m e , from washing up and floor cleaning to hair washing and bubble baths. * Editor's Note: In response to enquiries from a number of manufacturers the licensed use of a Vegan Society logo to identify a product as 100% animal-free is currently under active consideration.

Reviews Against All Odds: Animal Liberation 1972-1986 (Editor) J.J. Roberts Arc Print ÂŁ1.95* Pbk

" What experience and history teach is this - that people and governments never have learned anything from history, or acted on principles deduced from it." Hegel. Concerned equally with the physical act (plus the consequences) and the theory of animal liberation, this book traces the growth of the movement, detailing the major court cases - I CI, the Royal College of Surgeons, Wickham, Unilever - arising out of the 1984 campaign of mass raids by regional animal liberation leagues (NALL, S E A L L , C A L L , E A L L etal) on animal laboratories. What way forward now, it asks, for a movement that has lost face with the public and is confronted with the police, State and media pitted against animal rights 'terrorists'? From its first beginnings to the present day, these 117 pages provide an excellent examination, diagnosis and prognosis of an ailing movement which, it is claimed, can return to strength on a regime of economic sabotage. Despite its unpretentious appearance and poor proofreading this booklet is a solid work of perceptive analysis and constructive criticism which


will upset many people, sober up others and inspire the rest to re-create the movement in the image of its past's best - a development of the broadbased campaign strategy, with "an ideology and clear sense of direction, not just in our actions but also in our support structures" which was at the heart of NALL's initial success. Heeding the philosopher, the government's response to the recent past has been to resurrect archaic laws, and to introduce the Public Order Act and a range of other preemptive measures - in the face of which "the attempt to substitute the militancy of a few in place of the actions of many (as happened after the Unilever raid) is a recipe for disaster, and history has shown this many times. . . . Local groups must adopt a principled position of opposition to all animal abuse and attempt to destroy the myth that commercial forms of animal abuse have remained legal because of an oversight by successive governments. . . . It is very naive to believe that if public opinion favoured an end to commercial forms of animal abuse then that is what would happen". The booklet ends with a seven-point plan - a guide for action - and, after the reading, an invitation to play a part in a new beginning. A must. Barry Kew * Available for cover price + 30p postage from: 265 Seven Sisters Road, Finsbury Park, London N4.

The Meat Machine Jan Walsh Columbus Books ÂŁ9.95 Hbk "The Meat Machine is not intended to put anyone off eating meat" the blurb on the dust-jacket soothingly announces, presumably in an attempt to avoid hurting the

finely-tuned sensitivities of the average book-buying flesh-feeder. However, I doubt whether this crude ruse will tempt many carnivores into purchasing the book, which is a pity, because some of the stomach-churning information it contains might take the edge off their cravings, for a while at least. A stroll through the bloodspattered (and guilt-ridden) pages takes us over some familiar ground - hormones and antibiotics, food colourings, nitrites and other harmful additives, the fat issue, adulteration with water and other non-meat materials,the use of mechanically recovered meat (MRM), and the poor standards of labelling. Most of these sections contain some basic but important information, although the absence of an index makes the book a poor reference tool. The short chapter on enzyme injections (large volumes of fluid forcibly injected into condemned animals about 15 minutes before slaughter in order to 'tenderize' their flesh) is well worth reading, and contains some new and disturbing information about the widespread use of this disgusting procedure. Paradoxically, author Jan Walsh remains a committed carnivore - which must count as one of modern history's more illogical minor triumphs of blind optimism over experience. Indeed, she is certainly no friend to those who don't share her lust for animal flesh. For example, she accuses the Vegetarian Society of 'fanning the flames' and 'delighting in the sight of the meat industry squirming'. In siding so firmly with what she perceives to be "the majority of meateaters", it is doubtful whether she actually spoke (or listened) t(< any independent c.itics of the flesh-food trade. This lack of questioning and investigative reporting makes her easy prey for the anodyne statements put out by the meat industry's P.R. merchants. For example, after cataloguing some of the many horrors of the slaughterhouse, she consoles

herself by reflecting: "The only encouraging thought is that at least our systems are improving. Each time a new slaughterhouse is built, or an old plant invests in some new machinery, the lot of our food animals improves." Rubbish, Ms. Walsh - as most critics of the industry would have told you, the precise opposite is the case. In fact, it's not too difficult to find people within the industry (talking off-therecord, of course) who could have told you that bigger slaughterhouses = higher kill-rate = less attention to each animal. This is a depressing book to read, not so much because of the grim picture it paints, but because of the author's consistent refusal to face up to the implications of the facts she presents. In Ms. Walsh's view, all the evils of modern meat production - the cruelty, the moral and ethical issues, the health problems, and so on - could all be solved in the twinkling of a butcher's knife if we consumers were to demand something she calls 'Real Meat'. This stuff will presumably be sold in nice clean butcher shops, by nice honest butchers, using nice healthy ingredients, made from nice carefree animals leading natural lives, that have been painlessly put to sleep by nice caring men in nice happy slaughterhouses. Sounds pork-pie in the sky to me. Peter Cox, author of Why You Don't Need Meat

Food: Need, Greed & Myopia Geoffrey Yates Earthright Publications ÂŁ3.95 Pbk FOOD: NEED, GREED & MYOPIA Exploitation and Starvation in a World of Plenty

The Vegan, Spring 1987

This second edition of Geoffrey Yates' book, first published in 1980, has been updated and much fresh material has been added to it. In the book, Yates examines the World Food Problem from the vegetarian/ vegan viewpoint, and the vegetarian case against animal farming with its waste of food and resources is a common theme throughout; veganism is even mentioned favourably. However, Yates looks beyond the somewhat simplistic vegetarian analysis and looks more widely at the problem, covering important political, economical and historical factors. There is more than enough food for all the world's people, even with animal farming, yet many starve in regions where there is a plentiful supply. Yates suggests that the immediate cause of starvation is poverty. This arises from or is aggravated by population growth; a very inequable wealth distribution; human exploitation, of people, animals and the environment, and false ideas, notions and mental outlooks. He deals with these factors in detail, challenging many common assumptions and showing how the richer nations are implicated in the tragedy. I found the book welcomely easy to read, with tables, diagrams and quotations to back up his clearly presented arguments and break up the text. It would make an excellent 'starter' for anyone wishing to tackle Third World issues. The only criticism I would make is that there did not appear to be many suggestons for what individuals could do to help, apart from dietary change, althought there was a list of organizations worth joining, along with lists of references, sources of useful information and relevant literature for further reading. For anyone even remotely concerned about world hunger this is a thoroughly worthwhile book to read. Look out for it in your local bookshop, or better still - get your local library to stock it. Graham Hooper 19 The Vegan, Spring 1987

Kitty Campion's Vegetarian Encyclopaedia Century ÂŁ10.95 Hbk Set out in an easy to follow A-Z format (Y for Yogurt is actually the last listing) this 266-page book is an excellent, if rather expensive, buy. Descriptions of ingredients are detailed and informative, many of them accompanied by recipe ideas that sound mouth-wateringly good (even if cottage cheese does seem to crop up on almost every other page!). It also makes entertaining reading: I enjoyed learning, for example, that asparagus is thought to calm people under stress, that there are over 7000 varieties of rice, and that hardly anyone in Brazil eats Brazil nuts! I wasn't too happy about being told - yet again - that avocados should be avoided by anyone wanting to lose weight, and that lemon juice will help the pounds drop off. And when, following this cliched train of thought, I flicked through to find Ms Campion's comments on grapefruit, I discovered another failing no fresh fruit, except the humble apple, has been considered worth including. A strange omission for a book that claims to tell you all you need to know about fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts and seeds. Nevertheless, most of what is written in this book makes good sense, and will no doubt be of help to the enquirer. Where it falls down is on its omissions - not just fruit, but the whole range of soyabased vegan alternatives that are becoming increasingly popular these days. Though just about mentioned, no details are given on soya milks, soya yogurt, soya TVP, and my own personal mainstay and favourite tofu. It seems a shame that Ms Campion managed to find space for such non-foods as coffee, tea, vinegar, sugar and bran, yet presumably felt soya, in any form but the bean, to be unworthy of our consideration. Janet Hunt

The Zinc Solution Derek Bryce-Smith & Liz Hodgkinson Centurv Arrow ÂŁ3.50 Pbk

All tissues of the human body contain various zinc-protein complexes which are involved in a very wide variety of functions. It has been known since 1961 that zinc is essential to human growth. The requirement for zinc is an established fact, but it is not at all clear just how this occurs. As long ago as 1934 Todd and colleagues showed that zinc deficiency leads to severe anorexia - a general wasting of the body with loss of muscle, together with a marked drop in body weight. The authors of this thought-provoking book suggest that many of the 'modern diseases' might be related in some way to low zinc levels in the diet. This is a clear and easily testable hypothesis. Obvious examples of the link between zinc levels and disease are anorexia nervosa, acne and faulty fertility. Other examples are more questionably linked to zinc, for instance AIDS, hyperactivity and gluten intolerance. The book is clearly written and deals, in layperson's language, with problems which the orthodox medical profession seems unable or unwilling to tackle. Most psychiatrists, despite evidence on the role of zinc and other micro-nutrients, persist in treating anorexia and bulimia nervosa as solely psychiatric disturbances. Other, apparently intractable, problems could be amenable to zinc supplementation - once a

'zinc taste test' is administered in order to assess whether or not the subject is zinc deficient. The book describes the help provided by one of the authors (Bryce-Smith), for instance, to parents who have received no assistance from the medical profession for their hyperactive children. Although the book is both timely and easy to read I have a number of quibbles: Firstly, it is not clear from the text how well-constructed the studies were that are cited to support the authors' contention about the role of zinc in alleviating various diseases. Secondly, it appears that the authors do not have a very good grasp of the vegetarian diet, despite one of them being a vegetarian (Hodgkinson). We learn that caution should be exercised about sufficient zinc levels in the vegetarian diet but very little emphasis is given to the zinc-rich foods (see pages 14, 38-41 and 44) consumed by vegetarians. Studies have shown that vegans take in as much or more zinc than omnivores in their food, nuts and seeds being good sources as well as wheatgerm, which is mentioned in the book. Thirdly, readers should be aware that the whole question of recommended dietary allowances ( R D A ) is a mine-field. There are no well-researched and unequivocal studies of the optimum human requirements of vitamins and trace elements. Fourthly, the authors say that high fibre diets result in a poor availability of zinc and other trace elements. The evidence that fibre in the diet reduces the uptake of zinc, calcium and magnesium is to say the least conflicting. Fifthly, the proof reading is poor - my copy had two sets of pages 1 to 16 and numerous spelling mistakes. In summary this is a very useful book which will help many, especially those who have received little assistance from the medical profession. But as the authors themselves point out, zinc supplementation alone is not the cure-all for our modern ills. Dr. C.K. Langley

Family Matters Lis Howlett contimies her regular column on vegan child-care and parenting


mation and advice on this subject as they would on any other about which they hold definite views. As long as the manner in which information is presented takes careful account of their age, I feel that children deserve to be treated as thinking and discriminating people and will appreciate clear explanations. Honest answers and straight talking will pay rich dividends at a later age. Children who are not fed an assortment of half-truths or deliberate misinformation by their parents (and others) will have little difficulty in making the connection between live animals and the food on their plate.

Help on hand



hat's it like to be a vegan youngster? The answers are many and various, as I found out recently when I started to research this article. Although it's not always easy as an adult to put up with the taunts of relatives, friends and colleagues, imagine how much worse it must be for a child, who is far more sensitive to criticism and to peer pressure. How well I remember how when I was at school over 20 years ago my best friend always had 'cold dinner' with what to me and her other classmates looked like extraordinary bread with weird spreads and hunks of raw vegetables. She was teased unmercifully, but had the strength of character to stand up to it and defend her healthier lifestyle. Her mother was obviously way ahead when it came to sound nutrition, and I now realise that we were the ones who were missing out.


Things have changed somewhat in schools since then, with many more children taking packed lunches and the appearance of self-service canteens, many of which reflect a greater awareness of NACNE-guided nutritional principles. However, vegan schoolchildren can still encounter difficulties, as when a school does not allow packed lunches and a child lives too far away to go home for lunch. In such cases surely a child should enjoy the same rights that are accorded to prisoners to be given food that is morally acceptable to them and to their parents or guardians? The rights of children, vegan or otherwise, are still a sadly neglected area however.

Making the Connection Other than at lunch-time, veganism does not seem to be an issue for children of primary school age. Hopefully though, vegan parents offer their children as much support, infor-

It is while in the secondary school age-group that conflict is more likely to occur. Vegan youngsters 'in the firing line' need to be able to stand up for themselves and to defend their own rights, as well as those of animals. And in doing so there is now more help on hand than ever before; today's generation of vegan youngsters can draw on a wide range of sources for both moral and practical support. Some of the national animal rights organizations have their own youth sections and there are a number of independent local youth groups. Animal Aid (Ed. See Spotlight' feature on pages 10-11) has its own Youth Section, headed by Helen Cruddas one-time Group Co-ordinator of the now defunct Youth For Animal Rights organization. On joining, young people get a free badge, as well as their own newsletter providing a forum for members' news and views and a means of providing moral support for those whose morale may be flagging or who feel isolated. There is also a Youth Group Page in Animal Aid's bi-monthly magazine Outrage. This active and enterprising organisation will also shortly have a new leaflet aimed specifically at young people. It should prove very useful for finding fellow-thinkers both inside and outside of school. Fox Cubs is the name of an offshoot of the Hunt Saboteurs Association for children

aged 7-14. It aims not only to educate children on the issues involved in hunting, but also to teach generally about wildlife and the countryside. It publishes a newsletter three times a year which carries articles, quizzes and ideas for projects. The National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS) is well to the fore in supporting young people, and its 'Violence-Free Science' campaign is gaining ground in schools, colleges and universities. Leaflets, petitions and badges are available and NAVS members receive regular updates in the Society's bimonthly magazine. The Campaigner. The RSPCA produces a booklet entitled, and listing. Alternatives to Dissection which can be used to inform classroom discussion of this same issue. It also has a young people's section - called Animal Defenders. Members receive a badge and a magazine entitled Animal World. If youngsters would like to try and bring hbme to their school-mates the grim reality of factory farming, they could suggest that their teacher hires (for free) a copy of Food For Protest. (Ed. See News section, 'Prime Time') from the RSPCA's Education Department. It should certainly spark off a lively debate. So things are definitely looking up for vegan youngsters. There is a wealth of practical support that they can draw on out there, in the forefront of the fight for a more humane world. They should take heart from the number of prominent people from all walks of life who, whether hesitantly or confidently, are taking the same path. Even "Pigeon Street' now has its own. vegetarian cafe, and should they so wish they can accompany their friends to a Wimpy Bar and enjoy a Beanburger (without the cheese, please!). That's progress. Contact addresses: Animal Aid-1 Castle Street, Tonbridge, Kent TN9 1BH; Fox Cubs - HSA, P.O. Box 87, Exeter EX4 3TX; NAVS51 Harley Street, London WIN 1DD; RSPCA - The Causeway, Horsham, Sussex. The Vegan, Spring 1987

deeply whether I will renew my membership. A. Head. Kew Southport



Contributions to Postbag are welcomed, but accepted on the understanding that they may be edited in the interests of brevity or clarity. Send your letters to: The Editor, THE VEGAN, 33-35 George Street, Oxford OX12AY.




I feel I must reply to Brian Burnett. Yes, his points about cruel imports and badly over-bred pet animals are certainly valid. However, cats and dogs have been with us for millenia, contributing to civilisation. I have three cats sharing my l : fe. They are all rescues, all duly neutered; the problem of feeding is the one aspect I don't like. But those magic moments when a true friendship awakens and cuts across the species barrier makes me still more determined to work for a compassionate world. Liz Lippeatt. Sheffield *

Put Off With mock self-depreciation Father Francis pre-emptively attributed hostile responses to his article ('How To Put People Off!', The Vegan, Winter 1986) to a misunderstanding of its badly phrased content. It was, however, readily comprehensible and angered me. It is a tactical necessity that animal rights campaigners should 'target' specific forms of animal abuse, abuses to which a greater number of a still largely meat-eating general public is also (if only vaguely) opposed. It is a question of the need to establish priorities - to choose which 'dominoes' to attempt to knock over. The same principle applies to 'prioritising' fur over leather and wool, and hunting over shooting and angling. The good father's snide and repeated summoning forth of 'socialists, feminists and students' startlingly reveals his own range of perverse prejudices and anti-intellectualism. His is a glaring failure to acknowledge the view that animal abuse does not take place in isolation from human affairs but exists in the context of a human society based on power, class and greed; that animal liberation might be actively opposed on political and 'economic' grounds, by such as the 21 The Vegan, Spring 1987

Conservatives, is implicitly discounted by him. His plea for 'apolitical' animal activists is ironic, given that one charge sometimes levelled against us is that we do not care about 'human' issues at all. Tim Wilson, Hastings * * * * Does Father Francis think I should stop being a 'feminist' because it puts people off veganism, or stop being a vegan because it puts people off feminism? Not an easy choice to make as both are equally important to my personal philosophy, and completely intertwined. I also fail to see why I should pander to other people's prejudices - they should listen to my arguments, not try to label me; then they can decide for themselves. Many do. Oh yes, and why does he put the word 'feminist' in inverted commas? H. Gipson. Mildenhall

Bone of contention Re the article 'Pets and Vegans' in the winter issue of The Vegan magazine, to say I was disgusted would be putting it too mildly. I was deeply shocked that the magazine should publish such an article. In my opinion, Mr. Burnett needs to get out into the world and open up his shallow little mind. This article has left me wondering




If you think that other species have rights which embrace not being experimented upon, and not being bred and imprisoned for life to be slaughtered as food, and not being hunted, and so on, then why not extend the rights to include the most fundamental right - that of being free to decide where, and how, or even whether, to live? There are philosophical objections regarding the nature of free will which need not affect this argument; but if we believe that we are free to decide our daily fate, then we ought to look at the minority of species who are exploited by us to perform certain roles. Once enslaved, we provide ample retrospective justification - but we ought to question the very ethos of animal enslavement. David Bennett-Hughes, Stourbridge *




I should like to thank Brian Burnett for his well-written article on Pets and Vegans'. I feel exactly the same way about keeping animals as pets - only the stray that comes knocking at your door on a dark night can be justifiably kept. To buy animals is to support a horrific trade. May I also take this opportunity of thanking you for a very interesting magazine - keep up the good work!

Self-defeating Although I can see Mick Perryment's argument ('Postbag', Winter 1986 issue) against allowing Allied-Lyons to advertise their frozen dessert in The Vegan, I think that it is selfdefeating. There are very few companies who are not exploitative in one way or another; even if they are not directly responsible for animal slaughter they are likely to pay slave wages or exploit the environment. Also, if we take Mick's argument to its logical conclusion, we should have to boycott all shops and supermarkets which sell meat, dairy produce or other cruelly-derived foods. A boycott of a Bernard Matthews or Wimpy veggie burger would only force these companies still more firmly into the arms of the meat trade. But if they made profits from such an item they would expand the range. Consumer demand could even push Wimpy into being a veggie burger chain one day! It won't happen overnight, it's true - but it won't happen at all if we boycott them. Alex Neilson, Edinburgh

Sharp Shock I read with interest Mandy Lowman's letter in the Autumn 1986 issue of The Vegan. She felt that humour was the way to change people's thoughts to veganism. Quite frankly, I totally disagree. I feel that the only way is to give the public a sharp shock on how meat actually ends up on a plate. I personally would be delighted to see some stronger merchandise, such as T-shirts with the picture from the Society's 'Slaughter of the Innocent' leaflet showing a cow's head with a bleeding wound. Chris Martin Robinson, Chester-le-Street Ed. We would be interested to hear more readers' views on this subject - in the pursuit of its aims should the Vegan Society attempt to shock or cajole, or both?

medicines presently threatened by Government and EEC policies. Further information about the Socie f

Noticeboard Diary Dates 14/15 March Parkdale", Dunham Road, Altrincham. Cheshire. Teacher's Conference organized bv the VSUK. To include a combined presentation of teaching aids by the RSPCA and Compassion in World Farming. Applications to:

Tonbridge, Kent TN9 1BH. Tel: (0732) 364546.

Early Warning 10th October Westminster Conference Centre, Victoria, London. The 1987 Annual General Meeting of the Vegan Society Ltd.

Talking Vegan Do you have friends or acquaintances who are prevented from reading The Vegan because of visual handicap or some other disability? Starting with the Winter 1986 issue, the

Vital Income 18 March 6.30pm. The Nature Cure Clinic, 15 Oldbury Place, London W1M 3AL (Tel: 01-935 6213). 'Homeopathic Pharmacy - Its Place in Environmental Health' - a talk by John Ainsworth, M.P.S., M.I.Pharm.M. Tickets: £1.50 (80p if unwaged).

Members and associates of the Society are reminded that annual subscriptions - the Society's principal source of income - fall due on 1 January of each year. Given the very heavy demands currently placed on the Society's cash reserves, the prompt receipt of subscription renewals is of vital importance. Those who have still to renew their subscriptions for 1987, and thus reaffirm their support for the Society's work at a time of great expansion and challenge, are therefore urged to do so without delay. For the convenience of readers in this category, a tear-off sub-renewal form is incorporated in the insert enclosed with members' and associates' copies of this issue of The Vegan. For reasons of economy, the names of members and associates failing to renew their subscriptions will be removed from future mailing lists.

21 March 7.00pm11.30pm. London. Slideshow of Squirrel holidays (approx. 1 hour) followed by vegan buffet prepared by cookery author and demonstrator Leon Lewis. Cost: £5.50. Details from (please enclose SAE if

Youth Camp

26 March 6.30pm. Friends Meeting House, Euston Road, London. 1987 Frey Ellis Memorial Lecture: 'The Environmental Debate Organic Agriculture', by Nigel Dudley, author of The Death of Trees. Admission free.

The 6th International Vegetarian Youth Camp will be held in Haut-Bellain, Luxemburg, from 18 July1 August 1987. An invitation to attend and take part in a full programme of events is warmly extended to readers of The Vegan between the ages of 16 and 35 by the Belgian organizers. Full details and registration forms available from:

2 April 8.00pm. New Imperial Hotel, Temple Street, Birmingham City Centre. "The Truth about the Meat Industry' - a talk by Peter Cox, author of Why You Don't Need Meat. Admisson free. For further details ring 021 440 2445. 25 April Oxford. March to mark World Day for Laboratory Animals, organized by Animal Aid. Further details (please enclose SAE if enquiring by post) from: 7 Castle Street,


Natural Medicines The newly-formed Natural Medicines Society seeks new members, funds and practical support in its efforts to promote understanding and awareness of the proper role of natural medicines in modern health care, and to achieve its immediate goal of ensuring the preservation of those licensed natural

contents of the magazine can now be heard on two 90minute audio-cassettes. A year's supply of The Vegan, plus a year's supply of The Vegetarian, costs just £5. Further enquiries/ subscriptions to: The Talking Newspaper Association (TNAUK), 68a High Street, Heathfield, East Sussex TN21 8JB (Tel: 04352-6102).

Sponsored Walk In September 1986 Mike Huskisson, distinguished animal rights activist and author of Outfoxed - a powerful expose of bloodsports in contemporary Britain, began an 18-month prison sentence arising from his presence as photographer during a raid on Royal College of Surgery premises in 1984. In the course of that raid evidence was gathered which led to the successful prosecution of the RCS for causing unnecessary suffering

to a 10-year old female macaque monkey. A 10-mile sponsored walk on behalf of The Mike Huskisson Appeal will take place around Tonbridge on Sunday, 15 March, and sponsors are sought for Mike's 5-month-old son, Grahame, who will be participating in his own sponsored piggy back on the day. Sponsorship ms


ARC Print Appeal The London-based Arc Print appeals for funds to consolidate its work as printers and publishers for the animal rights movement (See Against All Odds - Animal Liberation 1972-86, £1.95, 1986). Donations are urgently sought from individuals and animal rights groups to make possible the purchase of a £250 daisy wheel printer to complement a recently-obtained microcomputer. Contact: Arc Print, 265 Seven Sisters Road, Finsbury Park, London N4.

Research Do you drink decaffeinated coffee? If so read on. . . Joan Poad of Sheffield City Polytechnic is currently writing a final-year dissertation on the subject of decaffeinated coffee as part of her degree course in Food Marketing Science. She would therefore be most interested to hear from readers why they drink decaffeinated coffee, which brands they prefer, and how many cups they drink daily. Please write to Joan c/o: Dept. ofHCHE, Sheffield City Polytechnic, Pond Street, Sheffield SI 1WB.

Travel Guide Vegan foreign travellers are invited to supply details of their experiences to reader Chris Stephens, who is interested in compiling a vegan foreign travel guide. Letters to: 25 Turnpike Lane, London N8 OEP. The Vegan, Spring 1987



Friday 12 noon - 9pm Saturday 1 lam - 9pm Sunday 11am - 7pm

Kensington Town Hall, Homton Street, London W8.



Just 5 min. walk from Kensington High Street Underground Station A unique and major event designed to draw together all those organizations which oppose violence to humans, animals and the environment in a celebration of cruelty-free living. Attractions will include full lecture, film, demonstration and theatrical programme and a buffet bar serving vegetarian/vegan food. Bookings/further details: LWC Exhibition, Animal Aid, 7 Castle Street, Tonbridge, Kent TN91BH. Tel: (0732) 364546. Special discount rate available to teachers interested in bringing school parties.

THINKING AHEAD? There must b e m a n y of our readers w h o w o u l d like to support the Vegan Society in its work but have limited means at present. There is, however, an easy w a y of giving valued financial support regardless of present circumstances - by including a legacy to the Society in your will. Great or small, such legacies can make a real and lasting contribution to the promotion of vegan ideals. What better w a y can there be to help the Society without loss of income? For those w h o w o u l d like to remember the Society in their will the following form of bequest is suggested:

"I bequeath to the Vegan Society Ltd, Registered Charity no. 279228, presently at 33-35 George Street, Oxford OX1 2AY, the sum of £ and 1 declare that the receipt of the Treasurer or other authorised officer of the said Society shall be g o o d and sufficient discharge of such legacy."

Why not? ... give your support to those working positively towards an end to all animal abuse and the widespread adoption of a more compassionate and eco-logical way of life. Simply fill in the form below and send it to: The Membership Secretary The Vegan Society, 33-35 George Street, Oxford OX12AY

Please tick as appropriate: • I wish to become a FULL MEMBER of the Vegan Society Ltd and undertake to abide by its rules a s set out in the Society's Memorandum and Articles of Association. I declare that I am a practising vegan as currently defined by the Council of the Vegan Society Ltd (see Information, p2) • I wish to become an ASSOCIATE MEMBER of the Vegan Society. Although not a practising vegan, I agree with the Society's aims and would like to support its work. I enclose payment a s follows (please tick): • £6.50 Individual • £4.00 Unwaged individual • £8.50 Family • £6.00 Unwaged family • £100.00 Life Membership • I wish to SPONSOR your work, for which purpose I enclose a donation of: • £5.00 • £10.00 • £25.00 • £50.00 • £

Please make cheques payable to The Vegan Society Ltd Property left to the Society is another valuable contribution to our cause. If y o u w i s h to will land or property to the Society please write for details to the Treasurer, at the registered office.

Name Address


23 The Vegan, Spring 1987

What Else is Cooking?

Publications & Promotional Goods All prices include VAT where applicable but are exclusive of postage and packing (see Order


Publications: —The Vegan— Shoppert Guide

Vegan Nutrition

F. Ellis, MD FRC(Path) and T. Sanders, PhD(Nutr). A scientific assessment of the vegan diet, incorporating easyto-follow tables enabling recommended intake of essential nutrients to be met from plant products only


Veganism - Scientific Aspects

T. Sanders, PhD(Nutr) 50p

—The Vegan— Holiday and Restaurant


Plant Foods for Human Health

Professor J. Dickerson 50p The Role of Plants in Feeding Mankind

Professor A. Bender 50p


Eva Batt 300 vegan recipes, together with practical hints. Wipeclean cover, spiral-bound £2.95

Compassion: The Ultimate Ethic

Victoria Moran An examination of the history and philosophy of the vegan movement £4.95


The AtamatHe System tor Hoattw* Crops

—» Tofu Cookery

SSSn Kaiwipi

M M t W M

Veganic Gardening

Kenneth Dalziel O'Brien A comprehensive, yet easy-tofollow guide to the subject by the system's greatest living exponent £6.99

Louise Hagler Superby presented collection of more than 200 recipes, from appetizers to main course dishes and desserts. 'A gem of a book' - Leah Leneman £7.95


IKI I U X . l . T A K I \

The Complete Case for Vegetarianism Jon Wynne-Tyson

Companion Planting

Vegan Shopper's Guide

Gertrud Franck

Best-selling checklist of products free of animal ingredients and testing. Five easy-to-consult sections cover foods, toiletries, cosmetics, remedies, etc. Plus useful appendices £1.50

A comprehensive guide to the organic cultivation of fruit, vegetables, flowers and herbs £4.95

David Scott & Claire Golding

Cookery Books: Food for a Future

Vegan Holiday & Restaurant Guide

Lists hotels, guest-houses, b/b accommodation, restaurants, cafes. More than 400 entries. £1.50 An Introduction to Practical Veganism

A beginner's guide 75p Vegan Mothers and Children

Ten mothers of this and the last generation describe the rearing of vegan children. Includes reports of recent research by T. Sanders, PhD(Nutr) 75p


The Vegan Diet: True Vegetarian Cookery

Jon Wynne-Tyson A classic work, powerfully arguing all aspects of the vegan case - moral, economic, ecological, physiological and nutritional. Packed with information, statistics, quotations, nutritional and dietary data £2.50 The Extended Circle: A Dictionary of Humane Thought

Vegan Cookery

(Ed.) Jon Wynne-Tyson

Eva Batt

A unique anthology of quotations concerning our treatment of non-human species. An indispensable source-book £4.95

Revised and expanded edition of the classic What's Cooking? Brim-full of recipes, nutritional information and practical advice £2.95

A 'gourmet' vegan cookbook containing over 250 recipes from soups and starters to desserts and children's favourites £5.95

Vegan Cooking

Leah Leneman Includes The Vegan Dairy, The Vegan, Spring 1987

Tofu - The Wonder Food and recipes using proprietary health foods £1.95

Promotional Goods:

Healthy Eating for the New Age

Joyce D'Silva A vegan cookbook packed full of excellent and varied recipes which follow health-food, as well as vegan principles £3.95

T-shirts The International Tofu Cookery Book

Leah Leneman Cooking with Sea Vegetables

Recipes garnered from the cuisines of America, Britain, the Caribbean, the Far East, India, the Mediterranean, Mexico £4.95

Peter & Montse Bradford A vegan macrobiotic guide to the culinary use of the 'harvest of the oceans' £3.95


Envelope Re-use Labels

100% recycled paper, nonanimal gum. Two designs: 'Globe' - black and green on white; 'Bottle' - black and red on white £1.25 per 100 (of one design)

Multi-colour design on white cotton Sizes: Child-22", 26", 28", £2.75



TW >Vy iWv of Inwmtfiend V«go« CULM*

J one' Hunt—

Button Badges ( 1 W ) The Vegan Cookbook

The Compassionate Gourmet

Janet Hunt Exotic dishes from all over the globe for those who love animals - and food! £4.99

Alan Wakeman and Gordon Baskerville 200-plus graded recipes demonstrating that a vegan diet can be rich and varied and reach the highest culinary standards £4.95

Order Form Order now (block capitals throughout please) from: The Merchandise Department, The Vegan Society, 33-35 George Street Oxford OX1 2AY. Quantity



Two colours. Please specify design(s) required using letter code 25p each, four for 90p Multi-purpose Stickers (l'A")

Same designs and colour schemes as button badges, in sheets of 12 of same. Please specify design(s) required using badge letter code 20p per sheet, five sheets for 90p

100% cotton. Two designs: 'Bottle' - red and white on navy blue; 'Blood Foods' - red and black on white. Sizes: S/M/L/XL £3.50

GIVE BOTTLE THE BOOT { j J g ™ ? Car/Window Sticker

Printed red and black on white self-cling plastic. 11" x 2W 50p

POSTAGE RATES (inland only)



Printed on high-quality, 100% recycled paper. Colour scheme: chocolate brown on cream. Pack of twelve, with four different seasonal designs £1.25

up to 50p - add 15p postage 50p to £ 1.99 - add 25p postage £2 to £4.99 - add 60p postage £5 to £10 - add £1 postage over £10- add £2 postage FINAL TOTAL

I enclose a cheque/postal order made payable to: The Vegan Society Ltd. for

Name (PLEASE PRINT) Address Postcode . Eire & Overseas: Payment must be by sterling cheque drawn on an English bank or an international money order. Overseas: Add 10% to cover additional postal expenses. 25 The Vegan, Spring 1987


Printed on high-quality, 100% recycled card. Colour scheme: chocolate brown on cream. Set of four different designs, with recipes on reverse. 45p


Red and black casing, with slogan 'Ban Blood Foods' printed in white on clip. Refillable 35p

MID WALES - Stredders vegetarian and vegan guesthouse. Run by lifelong vegetarian. O p e n all year. Park Crescent, Llandrindod Wells. Tel. 0597 2186.

When replying to these advertisements please mention The Vegan.


" A H I M S A " B&B or half board, vegans welcome. Beautiful Antrim coast and hills. 243, Whitepark R d , Bushmiles. N.I. Bushmiles 31383.


ROYAL FOREST O F DEAN, Wye Valley. Wonderful walking. Period House. Fourposter bed. Non-smoking. Licensed. Vegan/ vegetarian. B&B/EM (optional). Tel. 0594

For comprehensive list see Vegan Holiday & Restaurant Guide (£1.50 + 25p p&p).

NORTHWEST SCOTLAND. Our organic croft offers peaceful accommodation to country-lovers seeking vegetarian or vegan food. B. Pursey. 'Avalon . Elphin. Sutherland IU27 4 H H . NORTH YORKSHIRE. Amadeus Hotel. Exclusively vegetarian/vegan home cooking in elegantly refurbished Victorian house. Some rooms en suite. All non-smokin

IBIZA Vegan Fayre. Stay with English owners in their private finca (hostess vegan). Double room, shower. Also bunks. F/B, collection airport, £16 p . p . per night inclusive. Children half price. included. Quiet rural setting.


ACTIVITY HOLIDAYS C Y C L I N G H O L I D A Y S , beautiful midWales: Bicycle B e a n o ( V N ) . Builth Wells. Powys. E A R T H W A L K . G u i d e d , unladen countryside walking and p a m p e r e d c a m p i n g , with acclaimed vegan/vegetarian cuisine. Illustrated brochure: Earthwalk. N e w t o n . Mid Wales SY16 4 A B . Tel. 0686 28282. A T S I T S A , a holistic health and fitness holiday c o m m u n i t y on the beautiful Greek island of Skyros. Activities: f r o m windsurfing, d a n c e , art and aerobics to yoga, m e d i t a t i o n , massage and T a i Chi. Details: 1 Fawley R o a d ( V e ) . L o n d o n N W 6 1SL. Tel. 01-431 0867.

ANIMAL RIGHTS/ WELFARE H O M E W A N T E D f o r e x - G r e e n h a m cat ( f e m a l e ) at the m o m e n t in L o n d o n . If interested contact J a n e . Violet G a t e , W o m e n ' s Peace C a m p . Newbury. Berks. In writing. E V E R Y SIX S E C O N D S A N A N I M A L D I E S IN A B R I T I S H L A B O R A T O R Y . If you would like to join o u r campaign against all animal e x p e r i m e n t s write o r p h o n e British U n i o n for the Abolition of Vivisection. 16a C r a n e G r o v e . London N7 S L B . 01-700 4888.

M O B I L E VEGAN C A T E R I N G BUS wants to a t t e n d rallies, d e m o s , shows, festivals etc. C o u n t r y w i d e . R i n g 0758 720039

SALE V E G A N O R G A N I C W I N E . Bordeaux S u p e r i e u r - C h a t e a u d e Prade £53.40 per case. M a d e without animal products. For details a n d list, p h o n e Vintage R o o t s (0734) 662569 - at 88 Radstock R o a d . Reading RG1 3PR. W O O D B U R N I N G S T O V E S C h e a p and ecological heating for workshops. r e e n h o u s e s o r living rooms. F o r f r e e rochure: C r o m l e c h Woodstoves, 42 Glover R o a d . Lowfield. Sheffied 8. 5 0 % P A R T N E R S H I P of vegetarian w h o l e f o o d r e s t a u r a n t for sale. T u r n o v e r in excess of £50.000 (first year). Freehold. £35.000. South D e v o n . Tel. 0803/862605.


GUEST-HOUSE & SEPARATE R E S T A U R A N T . E a s t b o u r n e . For sale t o g e t h e r o r separately. Both cater exclusively for vegetarians/vegans. G u e s t h o u s e - 11 guests - 50 yards seafront. F r e e h o l d £70.000 offers. Restaurant Leasehold - central. £15,000 offers. T o g e t h e r £82.000. Tel. 0323 35781.


BEXHILL-on-SEA. Vegan/vegetarian B&B £7 night, £35 weekly. 10 Deerswood Lane, Bexhill TN39 4LT. Tel. 042 43 5153.

NEAR SALISBURY and the New Forest. Homely vegan B&B. EM. available. Contact for brochure, Harestock Cottage, Southampton Road, Whiteparish, Salisbury, Wilts. Tel. 07948 370.


BOSWEDNACK MANOR. Zennor. St. Ives. Cornwall. Country guesthouse, sea and moorland views, vegetarian proprietors, vegans welcome. Bird watching and painting holidays too.

YORK. The Dairy Wholefood Guesthouse is a lovely Victorian town h

Licensed restaurant with Accommodation W e list twelve vegan dishes on our current but ever-changing menu. O w n garden or fresh local produce used whenever possible. Exceedingly comfortable bedrooms. Special terms. W e e k e n d breaks Ring owners for more details. T e l . 0823 89801

COTSWOLDS. Enjoyable food, vegan or any diet. Splendid situation; magnificent views. Spacious, comfortable accommodation. Friendly, relaxed atmosphere. Pets welcome. Tel. Brimscombe 882342. PENMARRIC LODGE. Penare Terrace. Penzance. Cornwall. Tel. 0736 62068. Ideal holiday centre for wholefood vegetarians/ vegans. Near trains/coaches, beaches, all amenities. Also massage workshops & 5-day courses.

CUMBRIA. Vegans always welcome. Homely accommodation and wholesome food in peaceful village. Greystones Guest House, Ashleigh Road, Arnside. LA5 OHE. Tel. 0524 761619.

N O R F O L K COUNTRYSIDE, peace, quietness, healthy eating, h o m e m a d e bread, log fires, near Wildlife sanctuaries & stately homes. Burton, Bacton-on-Sea Vicarage. Tel. 0692 650375. ISLE O F W I G H T . Small private hotel, quietly situated, in an area of natural beauty. Comfortable accommodation with central heating. Excellent h o m e cooking by vegetarian proprietor. Wholefoods, vegetarian or vegan. O p e n Easter until

LINCOLNSHIRE. Vegan D B & B . Old house. C H . Quiet village. Children welcome. Guidedogs only. No smoking, alcohol. Lapwings, Apley, Lincoln LN3 5JQ. Tel. 0673 858101. ESCAPE t o a country period Guest H o u s e , with tranquillity, peace and friendship, log fires, large garden. Ideal touring base, open all year to vegetarians and vegans only. Sae Holway Mill, Sandford Orcas, Sherborne, Dorset. Tel. 096322 380. PENZANCE. Self-catering accommodation for 3-4. T w o miles f r o m Penzance with large garden, sea and country views. Occasional vegan meals available. Tel. 0736 62242. EASTBOURNE. Friendly guesthouse catering exclusively for vegetarians and vegans. Quiet road 50 yds from sea. Delicious home cooking. F r o m £70.50p per week. Reductions for children. Sae for leaflet. 5 Rylstone R d , E a s t b o u r n e . E . Sussex. Tel. (0323) 35781. TORQUAY. B R O O K E S B Y H A L L H O T E L . Glorious sea views. Q u i e t . 300 yds beach. Exclusively vegetarian/vegan. Vegan proprietress. Hesketh R d . Tel. 0803 22194. T O R Q U A Y . Hazelmere'. Strictly vegetarian, vegan. Comfortable accommodation. C H . Tea-making in all rooms, also washbasins. Near beaches/town/ coastal walks. B & per week. D A R T M O O R NATIONAL PARK, Country house, beautiful peaceful position, own woodlands, natural spring water, m e m o r a b l e meals. Vegans/vegetarians only. Ullacombe House, Kavtor R o a d . Bovey Tracey, Devon. Tel. Kaytor (03646) 242.

EASTER IN TORQUAY. Plan your break now, enjoy our beautiful coastline and countryside. Ideal for touring o r as a base without transport. Families welcome. Exclusivly vegan/vegetarian. Tel. 0803 313139 for brochure. B&B £8.50. E M £5.00 (four course). HASTINGS ~ 1066 COUNTRY. Delicious vegetarian/vegan wholefood cooking. H/C, television, tea/coffee facility in all rooms. Comfortable Victorian house overlooking private gardens, o n e mile eal

SQUIRREL Boating Holidays. No experience necessary. Modern 6-berth motor-sailer. Singles, couples or families. Vegan skipper. Western Scotland's sheltered sea-lochs, islands, abundant wildlife, beautiful scenery. £100-180 per week, full board. My 10th season. NB. S Q U I R R E L S O C I A L S for past crews and anyone interested in future cruises. London. 21st March. e s

CASTLE ACRE, Norfolk. Converted pub. historic village, mid-point Peddars Way. Exclusively veg./wholefood. Sleeps 20. Selfcatering unit. Conference venue. SOLWAY SHORE southwest Scotland. B&B, evening meal. Ordinary, vegetarian, gluten-free or vegan me Proprietor vegetarian. SUFFOLK. B&B £7, dinner £4. Excellent vegan cooking. Children, animals welcome. Coast, Hinsmere Bird Reserve, only 14 miles. Old Schoolhouse, Saxtead, near Framlingham. Tel. 0728 723887.

.ORDER LIQUID CONCENTRATE is the biodegradable liquid soap derived from coconut oil, whicn is free from animal products and animal testing. SAE for details: Dept E V , Janco Sales, 11 Seymour Road, Hampton Hill, Middlesex TW12 1DD. NEW AGE MUSIC. Cassettes for peaceful living. Catalogue from: DAWN A W A K E N I N G , P.O. Box 15, Newton Abbot, Devon, TQ12 6XE.


BEXHILL-ON-SEA. Vegan bed and breakfast. Tel. 042 43 5153. LAKE DISTRICT, vegan/vegetarian B&B. Excellent country house accommodation. Situated in Beatrix Potter's picturesque village of Near Sawrey, 2 miles Hawkshead, 7 miles Ambleside. Delightful views over Esthwaite Water. Beautiful scenery, tarns, fells, Grizedale Forest, etc. Ideal for exploring the Lake District. 'Beechmount', Near Sawrey, Ambleside, Cumbria LA22 0LB. Tel. Hawkshead 356.

ISLE OF SKYE We are a vegan guesthouse situated on an 8 acre croft overlooking Loch Dunvegan with panoramic views of the Cuillins and outer isles. We offer good, plentiful vegan home cooking, tea-making facilities, all day access, TV lounge, bicycle hire. Home from home. Children welcome. All rooms have H&C and heating. O p e n all year. For m o r e details contact: Vegancroft, 11 Husabost By Dunvegan Tel. Glendale (047-081) 303

The Vegan, Spring 1987

year. Special discount for over 60's. Apply VMM. 14A Woodlands Road, Isleworth, Middx. TW7 6NX. HANDYMAN - Vegan brushes unavailable in Australia. Any advice on non-animal brushes for wal idths. will refund with postage stamps any that reply. This is fairly urgent as I'm still making my living off the back of the hog.


FUTURE MIND (formerly Western Buddhist) is a new magazine seeking the healthiest state of mind and way of life for people today. With articles/news of social action and mental training courses. Send £1.20 for issue 1 or write for details to: Future Mind (Dept C). 30 Hollingbourne Gardens. Ealing, London W13 8EN.

BUDDHISM and BUDDHIST MEDITATION Two informative and practical booklets. Send £2.50 to Buddhist Publishing (V), P O Box 136, Leicester L E 2 4 T Z .

SERVICES OFFERED FREE TRANSLATING Ger/Fr/Dutch/ltal - Eng. AH texts. V. Smith, 2. Bumside Close. Twickenham, Middlesex. Traders - if 200 W + . then £1 to Vegan Society SVP.

SITUATIONS VACANT AU PAIR English single-parent father with 15-year daughter seeks au pair in Geneva for light duties: • to be present while the father is away on business trips • evening meals • light housework Candidates must be vegetarian/vegan, responsible, easy-going, have a mature outlook, speak reasonable English and be adaptable to a foreign environment. The household is informal and reasonable standards are expected. Interviews in England or Switzerland. Reply to Box No 107.


CONTACT CENTRE is a friendship agency, quite different from all others. It enables you to choose your friend(s) from detailed advertisements or to write an advertisement yourself without disclosing your name and address. CONTACT CENTRE gives you full scope; you don't even have to complete a form. CONTACT CENTRE operates among other things a British Vegan Service, a British Vegetarian/Vegan Service and the International Vegetarian/Vegan Penfriend Service without hidden charges and with many offers for a nominal fee, or even free. As we cannot tell all in this advertisement, please find out how you too can benefit by requesting free details from Contact Centre, BCM Cuddle, London WC1V 6XX. Full translational services from or into German, French and Dutch.

MebMaija STEAM JUICE EXTRACTOR and STEAMER COOKER from Finland for Pure Juices that store for Drinks and Country Winemaking and for Wholesome Steamed Meals Stainless steel £49.95/Aluminium £34.45 Order/Leaflet from MEHU-MAIJA (V) PO Box 3 Diss Norfolk IP22 3HH Tel Diss (0379) 52302 Access/Visa

RATES AND CONDITIONS All prices inclusive of VAT. Personal: £3.50 for 20 words (minimum). Additional words: 17p each. Commercial: £4.75 for 20 words (minimum). Additional words: 25p each. Box No: £2.00 extra Semi-display: £5.00 per single column centimetre Series discount (4 consecutive insertions): 10% PAYMENT By cheque or postal order, made payable to The Vegan Society Ltd and sent to: The Advertising Manager, The Vegan, 33-35 George Street, Oxford OX1 2A Y. Eire and Overseas: payment must be by sterling cheque drawn on an English bank or by international money order. PUBLICATION DATES Late February, May, August, November


VEGETARIAN MATCHMAKERS is for vegans too. Discreet postal introduction service for unattached adults of all ages throughout the UK. Write to as many people on the lists as you wish. Fee is only £24 per

27 The Vegan, Spring 1987

the right to refuse or withdraw any advertisement without explanation. Although every care is taken, the Vegan Society cannot accept liability for any loss or inconvenience incurred as a result of errors in the wording, or the late or non-appearance of an advertisement.


AHIMSA. Quarterly magazine of the American Vegan Society. Veganism, Natural Living, Reverence for Life. Calendar year subscription $8. Address: 501 Old Harding. Highway, Malaga. NJ 08328, USA.


advertisement is deemed to warrant that the advertisement does not contravene any Act of Parliament nor is it in any other way illegal or defamatory or an infringement of any other party's rights or an infringement of the British Code of Advertising Practice. The Vegan Society reserves

COPY DATES First of month of publication CONDITIONS OF ACCEPTANCE The submission of an


Introducing easier shopping. All free from animal ingredients and animal testing. ^Toiletries ^Cosmetics *0ral Hygiene •Health ^Household Many well known manufacturers in one catalogue. Send for your free copy to: NEW AGE PRODUCTS. PO Box No. 22 E. Horsley, Leatherhead, Surrey KT24 6SX Tel: (04865) 5115 24 hour service

NATURAL HEALTH EQUIPMENT & BOOKS Over 250 Excellent Books A Products J U I C E R S - Pure concentrated nutrition. W A T E R P U R I F I E R S - A v o i d water p o l l u t i o n A I R I O N I Z E R S - A d d e n e r g y t o the air e n d t o y o u . W e s l o c k t h e I S m o s t p o p u l a r m o d e l s at L O W P R I C E S , o n 6 0 4 * y trial F R E E I O N I Z E R I N F O R M A T I O N . B O U N C E R S - H i g h l y e f f i c i e n t e x e r c i s e . E N E M A K I T S - For I n n e r c l e a n l i n e s s P U L S O R S - Subtle energy balancing a n d protection f r o m electromagnetic pollution. N A T U R A L F E R T I L I T Y A W A R E N E S S - Contraception or pregnancy w i t h n o side e f f e c t s . T I P - U U P s - G r a v i t y Inversion b e c k e x e r c i s e r s PLUS: G R A I N M I L L S , F O O T R O L L E R S , H U M A N E M O U S E T R A P S , H E R B S , M A G N E T I C F O I L ( l o r p a i n s A s p r a i n s ) . B O O K S ft M U C H M O R E .

CONCERNED ABOUT POLLUTION? - SO ARE WE! A HARMONY OF SCIENCE A NA TVRE - Ways of Staying Healthy In a Modem World, is a new 72 pp. book describing many of the problems and suggesting some practical and easy ways of avoiding pollution and keeping healthy under modern living circumstances. It also contains much background Information on all our products Greatly superior to a glossy catalogue. CI.SO from ourselves. C3.95 from bookshops For very full product details, Including this unique. 72 page illustrated book, please send nine first class stamps or CI. SO to: V k V WHOLfSTIC RESEARCH COMPANY Dept VE. Bright Haven. Robin a Lane. Lotworth, Cambridge CB3 8HH Telephone: Craft's Hill (0954) 81074

INTERNATIONAL VEGETARIAN HANDBOOK 1987 An indispensable guide to vegetarian living _ _

I n t e r n a t i o n a l


VEGETARIAN Handbook fe&aureuts-Acaxrwnxlation Travel-Addttrves-Cnsmetics



The new edition of our regular Handbook is better than ever, with improved layout and symbols for quick reference. It's packed full of information about vegetarian restaurants, hotels, guest-houses, holidays, caterers and much more. There's a section on overseas societies and facilities, another on foods and additives and an essential introduction for new vegetarians - all in a new, handy pocketsize format. It's a great bargain at £3.95 + 60p post & packing. Send your order direct to: The Merchandise Dept (Dept W), The Vegetarian Society (UK) Ltd, Parkdale, Dunham Road, Altrincham, Cheshire, WA14 4QG.

the wgetarion


m the united Km^im i

Cheques/POs payable to: The Vegetarian Society (UK) Ltd. or telephone 061 928 0793 to order by Access.

DON'T GO WITHOUT IT! — the latest edition of the now standard guide for cruelty-free eaters wanting to banish the guess-work from holidaymaking and eating out in the UK. More than 400 detailed entries covering cafes, restaurants, and a wide range of accommodation (incl. farms, hostels, guest-houses and hotels) in many of Britain's best-loved beauty spots - from the Isle of Skye to the Isle of Wight. Includes a section on activity and special-interest holidays. A must! £1.50, plus 25p p&p, from: The Merchandise Dept, The Vegan Society, 33-35 George Street, Oxford OX1 2AY Cheques/POs


to: The Vegan Society Ltd.

—The VeganHoliday and Restaurant


The Vegan Spring 1987  

The magazine of The Vegan Society

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