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The magazine of the Vegan Society

PLANTS FOR A FUTURE still plant crazy LIVE EXPORTS an unwelcome revival

VEGAN STRAIGHTEDGE music with attitude


is the only company producing alternatives to udder milk w h o believe in v e g a n i s m . The only c o m p a n y to state on its packs that its alternatives provide the essential nutrients for vegans.


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CONTENTS W E L C O M E — to the tenth anniversary + 1 issue of T h e Vegan with me at the helm. Yes, with this issue, 41 issues of this esteemed and much-loved (?) publication have been 'put to bed' by my good self. O f course, it would have been more appropriate to have mentioned this milestone (for me, anyway) in the last issue. However, if you were with us then you will recall that 1 was rather preoccupied with searching for a 'close companion'. So how did I fare? Well, putting aside a £300 telephone bill (if a telephone dating company floats on the Stock Exchange buy as many shares as you can afford!), the petrol, time and nervous energy expended meeting a variety of vegetarian or vegan women in pubs and forests (a popular choice for non-smoking nature-lovers), the end result was, well — a result! I ' m really sorry to have disappointed the hundrudn few of you w h o wrote in with 'offers'. You've done wonders for a pitiful specimen's ego.




J D HOO Anarchic cuisine


SH0PAR0UN0 If it's new, it's here



13 A LITTLE VEGAN ONE O u r new regular 14 THE LIVE EXPORTS REVIVAL No time for laurels resting 15

STILL PLANT CRAZY The Plants For a Future latest


WHEN A DOCTOR KNOWS BEST The Neal Barnard interview

Advice for others following a similar route? Be very selective and disciplined when using telephone dating services; leam how to market yourself; think logically—where is your target audience likely to hang out? what is s/he likely to read/do?; don't get disheartened—you'll get there in the end; and keep your fingers crossed


VEGAN STRAIGHTEDGE Music with attitude


YOUNG VEGANS Clare says "Hi!"

20 MEGAN THE VEGAN Megan slips into soap

— there's a lot of: 'I didn't actually see your ad — my friend saw it and "made" me respond -—but I'm glad I did' (last bit optional!) But back to my milestone. T o celebrate I've decided you should all have a rare treat — hence, if it has not been swiped, the mouth-watering, conversation-stopping/ starting sample of genuine vegan nougat on/with your Vegan. Eat-enjoy-order! T h e Vegan Society will benefit and, if you order enough, so will your dentist! But why stop there? Take a good look at the Vegan Society's new merchandise catalogue — and then indulge yourself. I have.


PUMP IT UP Winning ways with pumpkin

24 ONE STEP BEFORE... the Vegan Society 26 GROW VEGAN Grow herbs! 27







34 POSTBAG Don't just sit there — write something! R i c h a r d Farhall Editor


CLASSIFIED Cover design: Taylor

Editor Richard Farhall

Publication Date March, June, September, December

Design and production by Taylor McKenzie

C o p y Date 25 January, 25 April, 25July, 18 October

Printed by Geerings of Ashford on G Print chlorine-free paper Advertising Manager Jenny Sawyer Chief Illustrator Suzanne Whitelock

ISSN 0307-4811 Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064 e-mail:


© The Vegan Society T h e views expressed in The Vegan do not necessarily reflect those of the Editor or of the Vegan Society Council. N o t h i n g printed should be construed to be Vegan Society policy unless so stated. T h e Society accepts no liability for any matter in the magazine. T h e acceptance of advertisements (including inserts) does not imply endorsement. T h e inclusion of product information should not be construed as constituting official Vegan Society approval for the product, its intended use, or its manufacturer/distributor. Contributions intended for publication are welcomed, but unsolicited materials will not be returned unless accompanied by an SAE.




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Carmarthan-based Vegetarian Friends welcomes vegans. It meets every Tuesday at Waverley Vegetarian Restaurant, Lammas St, Carmarthen, 11am.

Of the 350 OOOt of a m m o n i a gas released into the air each year, 8 0 % is believed t o c o m e f r o m farming — particularly housed livestock, which accounts for 3 9 % of the farming-related a m m o n i a loss. Farmers Weekly, 7.5.99

Express Newspapers has joined with A B N (parent c o m p a n y of J Bibby Agriculture, K W Alternative Feeds and Trident Feeds) t o launch National Schools Milk D a y — the first of which t o o k place o n 22 September. Thirteen dairy companies supported a mass milk sampling exercise in "milk-dry" schools. The EU Commission w a n t s t o e n d t h e EU's £106m school milk subsidy later this year. Dairy Farmer, 3.8.99 Farmers Weekly, 9.7.99




Soon after the end, on 31 July, of the Calf Processing Scheme (a tactic to reduce the spread of BSE by providing fanners with a guaranteed minimum payment for every calf they 'took out of production'), TV comedy scriptwriter and animal sanctuary owner woke up to find that aggrieved fanners had dumped a herd of Friesian bull calves on her doorstep. T h e stunt was intended to highlight the inadequate market for beef from dairy calves. Despite the lifting of the ban on British beef exports, consumers in countries such as France and Germany are still suspicious of the safety of British beef. In some British livestock markets, 'surplus' calves are fetching as little as j£1 and some dairy fanners are warning that some of their number could decide to cut their losses by slaughtering calves and burying them on the farm, even though this would breach environ-

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mental health regulations. What seems to have been forgotten, of course, is that the vast majority of these calves would have been killed in infancy anyway — BSE or no BSE! The real problem lies not in the ending of the Calf Processing Scheme, or the reluctance of E U countries to resume imports of British beef, but in what the British population prefers to pour over its cereal and in its tea.

ON A BENDER? A chemical that mimics oestrogen may be responsible for the disappearance of North America's Atlantic salmon, whose stocks have plummeted by 90% over the past 20 years despite the efforts of conservationists. Biologists think that 'gender-benders' in sewage and industrial effluent could be hanning fish. In March, the European Commission's Scientific Committee on Toxicity said such com-

pounds could pose a threat. The Commission wants to study 500 (!) of them to see if they should be banned. New Scientist, 5.6.99

HAPPY TO HELP? Researchers at the London Hammersmith Hospital would like to hear from Vegan readers who would be interested in taking part in a research project investigating the health benefits of a vegan diet, with particular focus on the relationship between diet, fat storage in muscles and the long-term health effects of this on the risk of diabetes and heart disease. Volunteers will be asked to compete a dietary assessment, have an MRJ scan of their leg and have a blood test. For further information contact: Louise Gqff, Dept Nutrition & Dietetics, Hammersmith Hospital, DuCane Rd, London WU 0HS

fegan BENJAMIN ON THE MENU I was in a place called Louth


Lincolnshire and imnted all the ivgans in the audience to shout "Yo!".

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There was silence, so I thought


must have misheard me and I tried again. Still nothing. Finally I said, "A ren't there any vegans in


And this bigguy at the back with hfs amis crossed saiil, "There was one. But we ate


Daily T e l e g r a p h , 5.7.99



Research published in Neurology has shown that olive oil can prevent memory loss and sustain mental agility. A diet high in monounsaturated fatty acids protects memory performance and guards against decline of the cognitive processing functions that are often associated with ageing.

Thousands of British consumers were exposed to an experimental cancercausing chemical during the late 1980s after the Conservative Government gave permission for its use. Monsanto's GM hormone, BST, designed to increase milk yields by 10—15%, was given to cattle on 38 farms in a clandestine experiment lasting three years. The firms are thought to have been in southern England. The Government allowed the resulting milk, and some dairy products, to be sold to the public without warning.

As people get older there is a mild but definite deterioration in memory and intellectual ability that is not associated with any particular illness. Italian researchers believe that the ageing process increases demand for unsaturated fatty acids. Monounsaturated fatty acids provide the strongest protection against risk factors and can be found in many oils including olive, sesame, palm, corn, sunflower, soya bean and cottonseed. The Independent, 12.5.99


Earlier this year, the European Union's Scientific Committee concluded that the hormone increased the risk of breast and prostate cancer. It also feared that milk containing BST could lead to cancer of the colon. Answering a Parliamentary question, the current Agriculture Minister, Jeff Rooker refused to give details of the trials, saying this was "confidential to the manufacturers". The Obserwr, 20.6.99

for Channel 4 to find out what really goes on at free-range egg farms. He discovered that free-range can still mean thousands of birds crammed into dimly-lit sheds, fighting, featherloss, and beak-trimming. Ithardly matches the public perception oj what free-range or Freedom Foods means. In many cases these hens are Hiring in flocks of8000 with not much more room than a battery hen —just over 11 hens to a square metre rather than the 16 allouvd by the battery system. When approached with the evidence he had gathered, MAFF told him: "The legal free-range standard is no guarantee of animal welfare." Viewers of Free As a Bird? saw birds at an RSPCA Freedom Food farm being debeaked (permitted under the scheme), a fanner admitting he had locked birds in for 2 weeks during bad weather and another confessing that he often used antibiotics — despite his egg boxes claiming no antibiotics are used. The overall impression was that many farmers are simply jumping on the free-range bandwagon and doing the barest minimum to obtain a premium for their 'free-range' eggs. The Independent, 16.6.99 Sunday Express, 18.7.99 Free As a Bird?, 22.7.99

Researchers at the V e g a n Society, St Leonardson-Sea, UK have discovered that eating Australian Nougat Co vegan nougat significantly enhances mood; whereas, possession of the nougat noticeably boosts the holder's popularity with other vegans.

Cambridge-based BioProgress Technology has developed and patented an encapsulation technique, XGelTM Film System, which seals items such as supplements, pharmaceuticals, toiletries and even paintballs in a nongelatine soft capsule. Bankside Consultants News Release, 6.5.99

A survey conducted by NOP for the RSPCA's Freedom Food at the end of June, found that although more t h a n 3 / 4 of U K consumers claim to be concerned about animal welfare, 4 1 % of the 1000 people questioned admitted they found the subject t o o upsetting to contemplate while out shopping. Farmers Weekly, 9.7.99


Published by the Vegan Society £5.95 * £1.50 p&p new chocolate section more internet contacts GM-free products highlighted

O n 15 June, Europe's agriculture ministers agreed to end all battery egg production across the UK from 2012. Farmers have until 21.12.12 to phase out battery cages in favour of freerange systems or 'enriched cages'. 'Enriched cages' have to provide at least 750cm' of space per bird, compared to the current European norm of 450cm- and 310cm' in the US. In addition, they need to have a nesting area with a litter, a scratching pad to sharpen claws and a perch. But will free-range birds be any better off? Not according to Daniel Buder who recendy went undercover

VetVig's vegan cake stall at the Austrian Vegan Festival

EXPANDING A warm welcome to a new national vegan society — this time in Austria. Vegane Gesellschaft Osterreich held a Vegan Summer Festival in Vienna on 26 June. The organisers met people who, hitherto, had thought they were the only vegan in Austria!

The V e g a n Social Support Network aims to provide friendship to isolated or lonely vegans — initially in Sussex/SE England. Four volunteers have stepped forward but at least 6 more are needed to launch the service. Offers to: Adrien Dyson, 7A Heath CI, New England Rd, Haywards Heath, W Sussex RH16 3JW.

The group can be contacted at: Postfach 27, A-1238 Vienna, Austria

The V e g a n ,


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GM ROUND-UP • T h e Vegan Society has signed up to the Five Year Freeze on genetic engineering and patenting in food and farming. T h e Freeze calls on the UK Government for a minimum five year freeze on: the growing of genetically-engineered crops for any commercial purpose; imports of genetically-engineered foods and farm crops; the patenting of genetic resources for food and farm crops.

• A USDoA study has found that more than 5()m acres were planted with GM crops in 1998, compared to 8m in 1996. Soya beans make up 4 0 % of the total crop, while GM cotton and maize comprise about 20%. GM cotton makes up '/3 of that planted and soya beans about the same. The Independent, 8.7.99 • T h e U S Patent and Trade Mark Office has ruled that creatures created from a mixture ofhuman and animal cells cannot be patented. The ruling marks the beginning of a legal battle that opponents ofbiotechnology hope will undermine thousands of patents on organisms carrying human genes. New Scientist, 26.6.99

• A report commissioned by the Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food (MAFF) has concluded that it is impossible to guarantee that foods now sold as genetically-modified(GM)-free could remain completely uncontaminated. Research by the John Innes Centre in Norwich, Europe's leading G M research institute, states that contamination by either G M pollen or seed cannot be "entirely eliminated". Both bees and wind can carry pollen several miles, while seeds from modified oilseed rape could be accidentally dispersed during harvesting or transferred from machinery to n o n - G M fields. The Independent, 18.6.99

• Supplies of soya from Brazil are likely to remain GM-free for at least the next 12 months. In a court judgement in June, Judge Antonio Souza suspended approval for the growing of Monsanto's GM soya in Brazil. The decision is important for Europe's health food trade because much of the soya used in GM-free products comes from Brazil. Health Food Business, August 1999

• U S government research has shown that G M crops do not automatically produce better yields or significandy lower use of pesticides. T h e new study, published by the U S Department of Agriculture (USDoA), analysed commercial crop results for 1997 and 1998 in regions where traditional and G M varieties of cotton, maize and soya were being grown. Despite covering millions of acres, the study generally did not find fields improved, while pesticide use was barely changed. The Independent, 8.7.99

• Scientists at the Electric Power Industry Central Research Unit in Chiba, Japan have added a gene for an iron-storing protein called ferritin to rice plants, tripling the iron content of the rice. A meal-size portion of the GM-rice would provide 3 0 - 5 0 % of the daily adult iron requirement. New Scientist, 6.3.99 • The UK-based Food Commission is calling on the European Commission to set the level of tolerance ('pennissible* GM contamination) in 'GM-free' foods at 0.1% and below. It is concerned that new European laws could set the 'tolerance level' at up to 3%. The Independent, 22.7.99

• Scientists have identified the genetic fault that causes 'muscle doubling' in mammals, which could be used to produce pigs with shanks up to four times bigger than normal. The Independent, 30.7.99

SALE! SALE! SALE! T o m a k e w a y for the Vegan Society's impressive range of new merchandise, the Society is offering t w o items from its existing range at a 5 0 % discount!

invest a m o d e s t £ 2 . 9 5 * (reduced f r o m £4.45) in a 'Vegans Are My C u p o f T e a ' mug? T o order these items, you might like to use the order form o n page 33.

T h e bottle green. X L sweat shirt has t h e 'sunflower vegan' design e m b r o i d e r e d on it in yellow. T h i s snug shirt is yours for j u s t £ 7 . 9 5 * (reduced from £15.95). A n d the cooler weather means m o r e h o t drinks! So w h y n o t

GHICKENGATE A new health animal product-related health crisis gripped European agriculture in June as countries across the continent rushed to ban Belgian eggs and chickens, following fears they ^^^^ might be contaminated with a ^ ^ ^ ^ cancer-causing dioxin. France, Germany, the Netherlands, Greece, Italy, Poland and Russia banned imports the wake of the Belgian V Government's decision to W remove all eggs and associated foods, such as bread and cakes, from shops. The Belgian decision followed rev-

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elations that hundreds of the country's chicken farmers may have given their birds feed contaminated with large doses of dioxin, after an unknown manufacturer mixed mineral oil — possibly intended for car engines — with vegetable oils in preparing the feed. Dioxin is not easily excreted from the human body and is known to cause cancer. And it got worse: a week later it was discovered that the food contaminated with dioxins also contained high levels of PCBs — and all the contaminated produce had probably been eaten. The Gnardian, 2.6.99 New Scientist, 12.6.99

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A study of almost 69 OOO women aged 37—64 followed over 10 years found those with the highest fibre intake had the lowest rate of heart disease However, the researchers, from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm and Havard Medical School in Boston, found some sources of fibre are better than others. Only fibre found in breakfast cereals was strongly associated with a reduced risk of heart disease of 37% for each 5g per day increase in fibre consumption. The Independent, 2.6.99

The full list of The Vegan Readers' Awards winners, to be announced on World Vegan Day (1 November), will appear in the Winter Vegan. BEST N E W * VEGAN F O O D P R O D U C T

WORLD VEGAN DAY This year's World Vegan Day (1 November) will focus on the needs of expectant vegan mums and very young vegans. The Vegan Society has launched a special mini poster/flyer (enclosed) primarily intended to enhance healthcare professionals' knowledge of the requirements of their vegan patients/clients. Please ask for further copies (by ringing 01424 427393) to distribute at your local GP surgery, hospital, health centre or clinic.

CARING AND SHARING Every other month, vegans and vegetarians in Bromley organise a buffetstyle food sharing event — so that meat-eating friends and relations can experience what they're missing. The events — which include music —have proved popular enough to necessitate the hire of a large room.

BEST N E W * VEGAN P R O D U C T ( N O N - F O O D )




To find out how to organise such events, send an SAE to: Diana Elvin, 241 Pickhurst Rise, W Wickham, Kent BR4 OAH.

GET IN EARLY Readers might like to ask their MP to support the following Early Day Motion (741 14.0.6) put down in the House of Commons by Kerry Pollard MP: T/wf this House deplores the lenient sentences handed doun to two people convicted in the Chipperfield Cirrus case in April this year, when one was finedfor 12 counts of cnielty to a chimpanzee and one wasfindfor cnielty to an elephant; believes that any person convicted of any cnielty to any animal under any circumstances should be automatically banned for lifefromkeeping an animal or working with animals, and calls upon the Government to amend the Protection of Animals Act 1911, the Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act 1988 and the Dangerous Animals and Wildlife Acts accordingly.


Once again, it's your chance to nominate your favourite vegan product or service and get some welcome publicity for that business and the Vegan Society at the same time! (The Vegan Society press releases the names of the winners and issues them with an Award Certificate.) Simply make your nominations below, add you name and address and return the form (photocopy acceptable) by 18 October 1999.

BEST G U E S T H O U S E / H O T E L C A T E R I N G F O R V E G A N S (name and address)

The first calves to be conceived outside the US using sexed semen have been bom at Cogent's Cheshire-based Grange Farm. The three heifers are the first pre-determined sex calves using artificial insemination. The company hopes that it will be in a position to mass market sexed semen next year. Use of sexed semen would ensure that unwanted bull calves are avoided. Dairy Farmer, 1.7.99

BEST R E S T A U R A N T / C A F E C A T E R I N G F O R V E G A N S (name and address)


Reader's Name_

C o m p l e t e this R e a d e r s ' Awards nomination form a n d b e e n t e r e d in a d r a w f o r a v e g a n h a m p e r ! Please ensure you complete at least f o u r o f t h e nomination categories. (Nomination forms sent previously will b e e n t e r e d in t h e d r a w . )

Address Post code_ Return to: Vegan Readers' Awards 99 Donald Watson House 7 Battle Road St Leonards-on-Sea East Sussex TN37 7AA * Within the last 12 months

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Shoparound Our new product editor, Catherine Grainger, eclipses the opposition

Repellent for any last-barbecues-ofthe-season you might be having. They're available from selected shops and by mail order from: 9 Shorton Valley Rd, Paignton, Devon TQ3 1QY 01803 529073.

n historic day — Eclipse Day — and where a m I? A t my desk, of course! But it's worth it! With several goodies remaining from the Natural Product Show, and others arriving thick and fast from our research for the next Animal Free Shopper, there's plenty to occupy the mind (and tickle the taste buds).


GETTING YOUR OATS Introducing . . . yet another alternative t o cow's milk — Sunborn's OATernative. Far from t h e usual soya milk, this is a convenient p o w d e r e d oat drink w h i c h can be mixed with water for pouring o n cereal, or put straight into tea or coffee. It's also a g o o d source of calcium.

A n d to keep the scent of summer alive for a little while longer, you could try indulging in some of the hand-blended fragrances from The Perfumers Guild (mail order: 61 Abbots Rd, Abbots Langley, Herts WDS OBJ (01923 260502). It has a wide variety of Eau de Parfum for W o m e n and Eau de Toilette for Men — and if none of them suits, you can even create your own unique fragrance. There are also some wonderful aromatherapy and other rather special vegan soaps available from Farrow & Humphreys (mail order: 01225 840880) - including KaleidoSoap, Soap Gods & Godesses and Petroglyph Soap (no, I'm not sure either — but they look fantastic!)

SLUMBER TIME If, after all this pampering, you're still not having a good night's sleep, you might like t o try Weleda's Avena Sativa C o m p — a licensed anthroposophic medicine which aids relaxation and helps promote sleep. It's made from wild oats and passionflower (a natural sedative) and is a useful non-habit-forming alternative to sleeping pills.



After a sunny summer. Amber Essence's range of aromatherapy creams a n d lotions should g o down a treat. Preserve your tan (if you have one) with o n e of its Moisturising Face or Body Creams, soothe on its After Sun Lotion, and make use of its Insect




OK, O K . I've made you wait long enough for the food section! Let's start with a light and tasty GM-free 100% dried fruit bar from our friends at Kettle Valley. Available in 8 varieties — from Apricot to Tutti Frutti — they can be found in a health/wholefood shop near you. The company has also launched Grabber 100% Fruit Energy Bars in Apricot, Raspberry, Strawberry and Mountainberry flavours — so you need never be short of a healthy snack bar again. For the slightly less healthconscious, I've discovered a new chocolate company! Norwood

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House Chocolate makes a lot of dark chocolate suitable for vegans — for example: Squares, Pearls, Coated Almonds, Coated Hazelnuts, Hearts with Marzipan, Dipped Fruits (Lemon, Grapefruit, Orange), Cooking Chocolate — even Drinking Chocolate! Track them down at: The Chocolate Society, Claypit Lane, Roecliffe, Boroughbridge, N Yorks YOS1 9LS 01423 322230. Now that's my kind of Society! I also like the sound of Uncle Joe's Mint Balls —described as pure peppermint sugar confectionery by their manufacturers, William Santos & Co. If you can't find any in the shops, make use of Uncle Joe's Postal Service at: PO Box 115, Wigan, Lanes WNS 0WW (01942 243464).

butters made by Monki. Its organic range includes Almond, Cashew, Carob Nut, Hazelnut & Almond, Hazelnut and an interesting Sunflower Spread made of roasted sunflower seeds and sea salt. Anyone keen on the fake dairy product market should keep an eye out for a new vegan 'cheese' manufacturer — American Natural Snacks. It makes a Vegie Kaas, which comes in Cheddar and Mozzarella styles. But be careful — not all its products are animal-free.

I WANT SOME! My final foragings have been on behalf of the really little ones out there. The Original Fresh Babyfood Company has a number of vegan meals — including (in its 4 month range): Creamy Parsnip & Potato, Sweet Potato & Carrot, and Courgette Risotto with Banana; and (its 7 month range): Tomato Pasta, Lentil Casserole, and Caribbean Beans with Banana. A n y o n e know if those of us in the 250 month+ range are allowed a taste?!

SOUP-ER Some wonderfully refreshing soups next. From Go Organic there's Organic Tomato & Basil Soup (available from Selfridges and health/wholefood shops); and from Simply Organic, three Fresh Organic Soups: Lentil & Parsley, Yellow Split Pea and Mediterranean Tomato.

WIELD THAT KNIFE! Still looking for that special something to spread? Try one of Organico's Organic Vegetarian Pates — Herbs of Provence, Carrot & Paprika, Shi Take Mushroom, Hazelnut or Garlic & Basil. And if you're a little tired of trusty old peanut butter, you might like to sample some of the other nut

ESCENTIAL NEWS The biggest T H A N K Y O U of this issue has to go t o the wonderfully generous people at Escential Botanicals. Its completely vegan, biodegradable and hypo-allergenic range of toiletries includes: Fruit Facial Cleanser, Classic Revitalising Conditioner, Exotic Foot Balm and Invigorating Body Tonic. It's offering an exclusive discount to V e g a n Society members — a permanent 15% off all products available through its web site ( To take up this amazing offer, just visit the site and add your chosen items to your shopping basket. When you come to the checkout and are asked for your details, just add 'Vegan Mag' in the Comments field t o get 15% off your purchase.

DRINK TO IT Popular culture has it that a good curry must be followed by a good beer (well, lager really — but it's close enough!), so here are a few to savour... Broughton Ales has seven GMfree vegan beers to offer —


Greenmantle Ale, Merlin's Ale, Scottish Oatmeal Stout, Old Jock Ale, Black Douglas, Old Izaak and Border Gold (which is organic). They're available in 500ml bottles or as a gift pack. Meanwhile, the Dublin Brewing Co invites you to choose from four draught and bottle beers — D'Arcy's Dublin Stout, Maeve's Crystal Wheat, 1798 Revolution Red Ale and Beckett's Gold. No artificial additives or preservatives are used in any of them. And finally, Cropton Brewery makes six different veganfriendly bottle conditioned beers: Two Pints, Scoresby Stout, King Billy, Uncle Sam's, Backwoods and Monkman's Slaughter.

Organic's Sweet & Sour Spicy Vegetables, Spicy Chickpeas and Spinach Curries — available from health/wholefood shops. If you'd like to add your own dash of spice to a dish, reach for Redwoods Cheatin' Bits — which come in Barbecue, Five Spice, Tikka and Chicken styles. With the flavour, texture and appearance of meat, but not a single animal-derived ingredient, they are extremely versatile. Try them in pasta dishes, curries, stir fries, casseroles, fajitas, pies or sandwiches!

INTERESTING, REALLY! Those of you who like a spicy life will be pleased with this next selection of ready-to-eat curries. First up, the Really Interesting Food Company has no fewer than six deliciously described, GM-free varieties: Thai Temple, Sri Lankan Colombo, Moorish Garbazos, Indonesian GadoGado and Thai Green Curry. Next we have the Caledonian Curry Co's selection, made from various combinations of spinach, potato, okra, aubergine, chickpea, lentil and mushroom. These are available from some health/wholefood shops and by mail order from: Unit 2, South Bonar Estate, Bonar Bridge, Sutherland IV24 3AP (01863 766025). Last but not least are Go

OIL TO SPOIL There's more to some olive oils than meets the eye. Borges Olive Oil, founded over a century ago in Tarrega by Anton and Dolores Pont, is now available throughout the UK in selected Safeway and Somerfield stores. The range includes three unique varietals — Arbequina, Picual and Hojiblanca — along with Extra Virgin Olive Oil. To celebrate the launch of Borges, readers of The

Vegan have the chance to win one of five limited edition bottles of Borges Family Reserve Extra Virgin Olive Oil. Simply write to: Borges Family Reserve Competition, Lee House, 1 Lee Lane East, Horsforth, Leeds LS18 5NR, with the answer to this ridiculously easy question: where was Borges Olive Oil founded?


Even the younger and more sober amongst you need not go without that 'brewed' experience. Brooklyn Brewed Soda Co has come up with BB Soda — the first brewed nonalcoholic soft drink (soda) — made without artificial flavours, colours or preservatives; caffeine-free and boasting "a distinctive rich head". W e tried all three flavours (Orange, Raspberry and Lemonade) at the Natural Product Show, and they certainly were very refreshing. Back at the office, I've received many a phone call and e-mail about Red Bull — is it vegan or not? Well, despite the rumours, the Red Bull Co assures me that it contains no animal-derived ingredients whatsoever —the 'infamous' taurine being synthetic. My favourite pick-me-up, though, has to be Innocent Fresh Fruit Smoothies by Fresh. Available from a few lucky shops (as yet) they are 250ml bottles of 100% fruit gorgeous.


Roll up, roll up, for a pot luck prize . . . Tees manufactures EFES Pilsner Premium Beer, a light, organic beer, made in Anatolia — apparently, the "motherland" of beer, where Hittites started brewing the stuff between 7000 and 4000 years ago! Tees is offering a free branded item (pen, fridge magnet or glass) t o anyone writing to: 'Tees Offer', The Vegan, Donald Watson Hse, 7 Battle Rd, St Leonards-on-Sea, E Sussex TN37 7AA before 15 October. So get scribbling!

DAIRY FREE A special treat for Bars and Gift Boxes

Bodycare with a Conscience

FUDGE vegans by post

For information and order form


Full R a n g e O f V e g a n Skin A n d H a i r c a r e P r o d u c t s Beautifully F r a g r a n c e d With Fruits A n d H e r b s O r U n s c e n t e d For S e n s i t i v e Skins Not tested on animals (1986 cut off date)

U n i t 3, 2 A Barton Hill R o a d Torquay T Q 2 8JH

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Diet Matters Sandra Hood answers more of your diet-related queries which produce cyanides but no cases involving harm have been reported. Yet cyanides in their concentrated form inhibit the respiratory system and can be fatal. T h e body is able to deal with regular, but small amounts of these natural toxins but when food is eaten to excess, even substances normally regarded as nutrients can be toxic. However, overdosing on foods is very rare. Although a few individual foods may contain very high amounts of a particular nutrient, there have been no reports of toxicity from foods in the U K diet. However, the excessive use of supplements or megadoses or supplements can cause nutrient imbalances and lead to problems.

a n d r a H o o d is a v e g a n of 20 years' s t a n d i n g a n d is a practising S e n i o r State Registered Dietitian. Please address y o u r q u e s t i o n s to her at: Diet Matters, The Vegan,


Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-onSea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK. S a n d r a regrets that she is not available for t e l e p h o n e consultations.



have a friend who has glaucoma, can diet help? Ida M a n n West Yorks Glaucoma is an abnormal condition of raised pressure within an eye due to obstruction of the outflow of watery body fluids. I am unaware of any nutritional intervention to help with the condition. I would just encourage y o u r friend to ensure a good mixed vegan diet, including a regular source of beta-carotene (pro-vitamin A — a retinoid which plays an important role in vision) — eg dark green vegetables, watercress, carrots. Glaucoma is a medical, rather than a nutritional condition and so you may find it helpful to approach a vegan healthcare professional. For a list, send an SAE marked 'Healthcare Professionals' to the Vegan Society.


s it correct that calcium and iron should not be eaten in the same meal because they prevent each other from being absorbed?

D e n i s e Essex Iron absorption is affected by calcium but calcium absorption is not affected by iron! O n e glass (150mls) of cow's milk (containing 180mg calcium) reduces iron absorption by more than 50%. It is unclear why this happens. However, epidemiological studies have shown an association between the intake of cow's milk and prevalence ofiron deficiency. This suggests that cow's milk drinkers need to ensure an increased dietary intake ofiron. Vegans, however, need not worry — they generally have a high dietary intake ofiron, assisted by high vitamin C consumption (vitamin C aids iron absorption). ince becoming vegan 6 months ago, I seem to bruise easily. Has it anything to do with a nutrient deficiency?


' s it possible to overdose on any particular food?

S u n i t a Leeds

J a y n e Powys

A surprising number of foods in their natural state contain toxins in small amounts but in the majority of cases they cause no harm. For example, coffee contains caffeine and coffee addicts can drink numerous cups and come to n o h a n n , but a single dose of 1 Og may be fatal. (Note: caffeine crosses the placenta and excessive caffeine consumption has been associated with pregnancy complications.) Almonds, lima beans and seeds contain cyanogens

I am unaware of any nutritional disorders linked with bruising. T h e only time I have encountered a nutritional link was in the case of a woman w h o suffered from scurvy (vitamin C deficiency) due to her chronic alcohol problem. She developed a painful bruising syndrome. It is unlikely that your bruising is caused by a nutrient deficiency.




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As I am sure you are aware,

bruising is caused when there is a blow to the surface of the skin when capillaries break and blood is released into the dermis. I recommend that you visit your GP to see if you are suffering with a medical condition. • Jl What is 'SACD of the spinal ww cord'and what are its symptoms? R o g e r Crisp W e s t e r n Isles Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord (SACD) is a disorder of the nervous system caused by a deficiency of vitamin B n . T h e posterior and lateral columns of the spinal cord are often affected, but not necessarily together. SACD results in pernicious anaemia and degeneration of the spinal cord and peripheral nerves. Symptoms are increased difficulty in walking, a feeling of vibration in the legs and a loss of sense of position when walking. There may also be absent vibration senses in the soles of the feet and absent knee jerks. As I am sure you know, pernicious anaemia affects all cells of the body and is due to malabsorption ofB, 2 resulting from lack of gastric intrinsic factor. As yet, I have not come across a vegan following a mixed diet (including a source of B )2 ) who has suffered with B,, deficiency, let alone SACD. As fer as 1 am aware, if you are B12 deficient then you will develop anaemia. Some vegans (and nonvegans) have been shown to have sub-optimal — ie lower than recommended — B12 levels but this does not mean they are deficient.


are y ° u r views on the If If Hay Diet?

Jeremy Straw London The Hay Diet is based on the belief that certain nutrients — such as protein and carbohydrate — cannot be digested together because they each require different digestive enzymes. The enzymes breaking down protein work in an acid medium; whereas those which break down carbohydrate work in an alkaline medium. Proponents of the Hay Diet argue that digestion will be improved if protein and carbohydrate are not combined in the same meal. However, it should be noted that digestion happens at different times and in different places — for example, protein is first digested in the stomach and then carbohydrate is digested in the small bowel. Some have adopted the Hay Diet in order to lose weight. Weight loss has nothing to do with separating nutrients — the only way to lose weight on the Hay Diet is to restrict energy intake. Having said that, if something works for you — regardless of its scientific basis — I suggest you stick with it! As long as you are following a mixed vegan diet, with plenty of variety, you should receive all the nutrients necessary for good health.

CORRECTION! When answering the question 'What is tryptophan and is it available in the vegan diet?' in the Spring 1999 Vegan, I mistakenly said that nicotinic acid converts into tryptophan. It is, in fact, the other way around!

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THE CAT'S IN THE BAG T h e g a m e s i m i l a r t o Trivial Pursuits — b u t w i t h o u t t h e trivia! A l l o w s y o u t o learn a n d i n t r o d u c e others to t h e k e y facts a n d figures s u r r o u n d i n g o u r u s e a n d a b u s e of a n i m a l s .


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A Little Vegan One es a reve

hile I was pregnant with our first baby my partner and I agreed that if we were going to raise our baby on a vegan diet he would feel more comfortable if we were to seek advice from a nutritionist. Although a strict and competent veggie himself, years of 'Drinka Pinta Milka Day' and 'Go To Work On An Egg' have obviously taken their toll on an otherwise intelligent man!


Our daughter was just over a year old, and going through one of her 'sporadic eating' phases, when I called a well-known local nutritionist. I explained that I wanted some advice about the nutritional aspects of feeding a vegan baby. She admitted that she didn't have much experience in treating children, but that she would happily see us. This is when alarm bells ought to have begun ringing, but I think that blind faith must have silenced them that day. The following week I was sent a nutritional questionnaire, which I duly filled in and returned. It asked about general health concerns, average diet and emotional wellbeing — some of the latter questions not so easy to answer in a very little person


Our big day came and we arrived at Ms Nutritionist's basement flat right on time. A tall, pinchedlooking woman dressed in expensive white linen answered the door and ushered us in.

Her small flat was immaculate, with crystals glinting in the windows and bells tinkling in the doorframes. My little toddler was in heaven! And so I spent the next threequarters of an hour wondering how much the Feng Shui consultation had set her back and getting increasingly frustrated with a woman who seemed more intent on keeping the flow of chi charging around her home than giving me any practical advice. Our conversation was interspersed with comments like, "Oooh, I don't think she should play with those bowls of water/stones/ feathers, they've been blessed by my guru/found in a sacred grove/ stuck up my backside . . ." No, I didn't take to this woman one bit. And the upshot of this £50 foray into the world of this particular nutritionist? She recommended trying my girl on a wheat-free diet for a week. For what purpose? Because wheat is a very common allergen and its avoidance can help clear a whole range of allergies and ill health. Great advice for someone suffering with irritable bowel syndrome or Crohn's disease, but not so helpful for a baby whose idea of breakfast consists of Weetabix and Marmite and tahini soldiers. We tried the wheat-free thing for a week, and what a slog it was. Baby Organix Spinach Pasta Letters — out of the window. Mum's best homemade pasties

stuffed with baked beans and vegan cheese — sorry, not this week. Instead, lots of overpriced gluten-free alternatives and mashed veg. My baby turned to the breast in rebellion. One very helpful friend suggested that I try Floradix, a nutritional supplement for children. It consists only of natural ingredients — such as aqueous extract of carrots, water cress and nettles — and can be used from the age of six months.


One week of heavy duty breastfeeding later, I took the opportunity to conduct a little research of my own. The Vegan Society came up trumps and suggested I look at its Practical Guide to Veganism During Pregnancy and Throughout Childhood and Dr Klaper's Pregnancy, Children and the Vegan Diet. Viva! was also very helpful, sending me Parts 1 and 2 of Rose Elliot's Mother and Baby Guide. Even my doctor photocopied a page from a journal to show the optimum ages for introducing certain foods to a weaning baby. La Leche League reassured me that my child would be receiving more than adequate nutrition from my breast milk, and made me realise that it was my own diet that I should be concerned about. This very simple revelation completely turned around my thinking and I began to trust in the natural processes of

my own body and its inextricable link with my baby. World Health Organisation guidelines advise mothers to continue breast-feeding for the first two years' of the child's life where possible. It is at this age that their stomachs become less leaky and they are able to tolerate a wider range of food. I wonder if it's just our Western mindset that dictates babies should begin the weaning process at 4 - 6 months? Ms Nutritionist had asked me to call her back and give a progress report a couple of weeks after the appointment. When I did, it took her a few moments to place me, despite my daughter having made rather a big impression while w e were there. I told her about all the information we had gathered, and the support I'd received from breast-feeding experts, and she actually asked me if I wanted to make another appointment to see her again . . . I'm sure you can guess my reply.

CONTACTS La Leche League PO Box 3424, London WCIN 3 X X 0777 242 1278. Support for breastfeeding mothers; local groups, trained counsellors Viva! 12 Queen's Sq, Brighton BN1 3FD 01273 777688





Compassion In World Farming's Campaigns Director, Philip Lymbery calls for a return to the 'Shoreham spirit'

Live exporters were driven out from port after port


ive a n i m a l e x p o r t s — t h e trade w h i c h ,

f o r m a n y , has c o m e to symbolise o u r i n h u m a n i t y t o w a r d s f a r m animals — is o n c e again o n t h e increase. In 1 9 9 8 , t h e n u m b e r o f l a m b s a n d s h e e p e x p o r t e d for slaughter abroad reached 7 0 0 000, c o m pared w i t h 4 4 0 0 0 0 animals the previous year. A n d a c c o r d i n g t o p r e d i c t i o n s i n t h e f a n n i n g press, t h e level c o u l d rise still f u r t h e r as t h e D o v e r — D u n k i r k ferry service w h i c h ships t h e s e animals a b r o a d c o m pletes its first y e a r as a f a r m e r - r u n o p e r a don. It all s e e m s a far cry f r o m t h o s e h e a d y days o f p r o t e s t at places like C o v e n t r y a n d B r i g h t l i n g s e a . W h e n live e x p o r t e r s w e r e d r i v e n o u t from p o r t after p o r t b y p e o p l e from all w a l k s o f life, y o u n g o r old, rich o r poor, vegan or meat-eater. Where s h o u l d e r t o s h o u l d e r , t h e y s t o o d , day a n d n i g h t d u r i n g 1 9 9 5 - 9 6 w i t h talk o f t h e ' S h o r e h a m spirit'.

TAKING STOCK W i t h t h e live e x p o r t trade escalating, it is easy t o forget t h e t r e m e n d o u s strides a c h i e v e d b y t h o s e u n p r e c e d e n t e d protests for a n i m a l rights — E u r o p e - w i d e legislation t o b a n veal crate prisons for calves; legal r e c o g n i t i o n that animals are, i n d e e d , s e n t i e n t b e i n g s capable o f feeling pain a n d s u f f e r i n g ; a n d a s l u m p in t h e e x p o r t trade from its h i g h p o i n t o f 2 m i l l i o n creatures a year. O n t o p o f these, o u r t r e a t m e n t o f a n i mals b e c a m e a national topic, b o t h publicly a n d politically. T h i s last d e c a d e o f t h e 2 0 t h c e n t u r y has




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seen a w i n d o f c h a n g e . Perhaps t h e m o s t significant e x a m p l e o f this being the recent decision b y t h e E u r o p e a n U n i o n to phase o u t b a t t e r y cages for laying hens. T h i s system d o m i n a t e s E u r o p e ' s massive egg p r o d u c t i o n m a c h i n e . For E u r o p e a n politicians t o bite t h e e c o n o m i c bullet a n d d o t h e 'right thing', surely s h o w s that w e can h a v e great h o p e for a m o r e compassionate n e w Millennium. All right, as vegans, s o m e m i g h t say that b a n n i n g cruel systems and practices d o e s n ' t stop t h e f u n d a m e n t a l exploitation o f t h e animals — it's j u s t b e i n g d o n e m o r e k i n d l y . H o w e v e r , to create change rather t h a n simple self-righteousness, w e have t o tackle these issues o f mass animal suffering b y e m b r a c i n g t h e b r o a d e r public a n d harn e s s i n g their natural support for a m o r e compassionate world — witness Shoreham.

UNDER REVIEW E u r o p e a n rules g o v e r n i n g the transport o f animals are d u e t o b e reviewed in 1 9 9 9 - 2 0 0 0 . As it stands, t h e rules s u p p o s edly in place ' f o r t h e p r o t e c t i o n o f animals d u r i n g transport' a m o u n t to little m o r e t h a n a live e x p o r t e r s ' charter t o carry o n t a k i n g animals t o their deaths o n horrifically l o n g j o u r n e y s . S h e e p can be transp o r t e d legally for 3 0 h o u r s w i t h o u t a p r o p e r break for food, w a t e r or rest. After a s u b s e q u e n t 2 4 - h o u r rest period, t h e animals c a n b e reloaded a n d taken for yet a n o t h e r 3 0 h o u r s . In this way, British anim a l s are o f t e n e n d i n g u p in s o u t h e r n

European countries, such as Spain and Italy. C l o s e r to h o m e , there are equally p o w erful reasons t o d e m a n d change. In March each year, thousands o f U K sheep are e x p o r t e d to France for ritual slaughter d u r i n g the festival of Eid-el-Kabir. T h e r e can b e few aspects of this trade m o r e h o r rific. S h e e p a n d lambs taken off the hills of S c o d a n d and Wales, driven from English valleys, forced t o e n d u r e the hustle-busde c o n f u s i o n o f the livestock market before b e i n g packed i n t o poorly ventilated lorries. O n t h e dockside, they await an o f t e n - r o u g h sea crossing before the j o u r n e y to the killing fields a r o u n d Paris. H e r e , release c o m e s in the form of a cold knife across their c o n scious throat and the painful p u m p i n g of life-blood o n t o t h e floor. M a n y of these killings go o n in the o p e n air in a festival-like atmosphere. T h i s o p e n air slaughter is illegal u n d e r E U and French law, a n d even illegal u n d e r Islamic teaching, yet t h e authorities seem to turn a blind eye.

OPPORTUNE Ironically, t h e meat industry's o w n folly of feeding a carnivorous diet to herbivorous catde, precipitating the BSE crisis, put paid to t h e export of veal calves to t h e continent. Shipments o f calves w e r e stopped in 1996 as part o f the w o r l d - w i d e ban o n British beef. H o w e v e r , dairy farmers n o t satisfied w i t h c o n t i n u e d exploitation of the m o t h e r have m a d e it clear that they wish to r e s u m e this trade in defenceless y o u n g as soon as possible. T h e f o r t h c o m i n g review of the Transport legislation represents a w i n d o w of o p p o r t u nity t o b r i n g a b o u t real change. As vegans, I believe that w e should be the standardbearers of t h e campaign for that change. T o revitalise t h e ' S h o r e h a m spirit' and ensure that this review brings w i t h it far-reaching reforms, n o t j u s t to the live export trade, b u t to t h e w h o l e way in w h i c h animals are used and abused b y o u r society.


S T I L L ^


Project Co-ordinator, Elaine Avery keeps us posted on developments at Plants For a Future


lants For a Future is a registered charity, researching and providing information on edible and otherwise useful plants suitable for growing outdoors in a temperate climate. There are 1500 species of edible plants growing at T h e Field in Cornwall, our base since 1989.

IT'S ALL ABOUT... Primarily we seek to practice and d e m o n strate ecologically sustainable veganorganic horticulture. W e don't just research growing plants in such a way as to emulate nature — eg woodland gardening; we aim to work and play in harmony with our environment. O u r methods are a positive alternative to conventional agriculture. N o pesticides, fertilisers or other chemical/animal products arc used and we have a policy of'donating' at least 5 0 % of the land to native flora and fauna.

The land is recovering O u r main objective is the dissemination of infonnation. W e provide a variety of information services including: a large selection of infonnation sheets, a plant species database currently comprising over 7000 species, computer printouts for specific plants, postal and on-site plant advisory services, information stalls, talks and slideshows, and a book — Plants For the Future — edible and useful plants for a healthier world.

REAPING THE HARVEST T h e Field is now a flourishing example of what can be achieved. Research here will continue — as will the harvesting of propagation material for our new site (see right) and plant sales. Sadly, the plant mail order service has been on hold for two years but

a catalogue of about 150 species will be available in the autumn. In the last couple of years I have tasted many wonderful leaves, flowers, fruits and roots. Many have the potential to provide answers to 'health' problems suffered by this earth and its inhabitants. T h e plants we grow have not been selectively bred for flavour or yield — thus, they retain their nutritional value and resilience to pests and diseases.

'PASTURES' NEW T h e growing interest in our work and planning restrictions on T h e Field resulted in us acquiring 34 hectares (83 acres) in Devon in 1997. T h e repeated use of heavy machinery and chemicals on heavy clay had resulted in compaction, deep rutting and virtually n o natural regeneration for t w o years after the land was last ploughed. T h e degraded (once top grade) pasture land made it undesirable to potential farmers and so it was declared unsuitable for agriculture — perfect for PFAF! Since purchasing Blagdon Cross Plant Research and Demonstration Gardens we have planted around 22 000 plants — of which 16 000 are indigenous planted to double existing native woodland to 12 hectares (30 acres). Six hectares (14 acres) of demonstration gardens — comprising woodland gardens, permaculture, culm grass land management, reed bed systems, woodland coppice and compostng schemes — will be open for visitors for tours and courses. W e envisage living and demonstrating a low impact, energy-efficient way of life. W e had hoped to have the demonstration gardens open for visitors this year, however the bureaucracy surrounding o u r planning application and the planning department's dramatic change of view towards us has slowed progress.

Above: A 'flower salad' — consisting of mallow, campanula, sorrel, abution, garlic cress, oxalis deppei, Turkish rocket, buckler leaves and salt bush. In 1992, the local planning authority gave an applicant interested in developing the site outline planning p e r m i s sion for 28 holiday chalets and a 9 - h o l e golf course. O u r planning application for a n e w access, car parking facilities, visitor centre, a 4-acre lake, 5 c a m p i n g pitches and one temporary dwelling was refused on 5 July this year! T h e main concerns were visual impact and the c o m p o s t toilets but the stated reason for refusal was that the need to live o n site had n o t been proved. O u r application for o n e temporary dwelling and a temporary visitor c e n t r e constitutes a proposed change of use to light industrial, retail and residential — yet the surrounding dairy farms, r u n intensively arc considered to fall u n d e r the category of 'agriculture' and n o t 'heavy industry'. A huge monstrosity of a building has been erected on adjacent land — 'permitted agricultural development'. W e have sought professional advice in order to decide o u r next m o v e . O n a positive note, the trees w e planted last spring are n o w 2 . 5 m (8') tall — despite the locals insisting at the time that they w o u l d n ' t grow! T h e land is recovering.

All interest/offers of help are very w e l c o m e . Contact: PFAF, The Field, Penpol, Lostwithiel, Cornwall PL22 0NG 0 1 2 0 8 8 7 2 9 6 3

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DOCTOR KNOWSBEST Katrina Fox catches up with Dr Neal Barnard during his recent UK visit


a n y o f u s will n o d o u b t r e m e m b e r l o o k o n o u r G P ' s face w h e n w e a n n o u n c e d t h a t o u r d i e t consists o f n o animal products whatsoever, including m i l k . It c o u l d r a n g e f r o m c o n f u s i o n o r c o n c e r n t o d o w n r i g h t hostility, so it's r e f r e s h i n g t o m e e t an d o c t o r w h o ' s n o t only a vegan, d e t e r m i n e d to prove to t h e w h o l e w o r l d that it's t h e h e a l t h i e s t w a y t o b e , b u t also a p a s s i o n a t e c a m p a i g n e r against v i v i s e c t i o n .

Black Caucus — the AfricanA m e r i c a n m e m b e r s o f C o n g r e s s . If you look at blacks, Asians, and Mexican Americans, the majority are lactose intolerant and you can't suggest to them that they have to swallow dairy products when there is no evidence that it does them any good, and in many cases causes harm.

D r N e a l B a r n a r d is P r e s i d e n t o f t h e Physician's C o m m i t t e e for R e s p o n sible M e d i c i n e in W a s h i n g t o n D C , U S A , w h i c h h e f o u n d e d in 1 9 8 5 . I was working in a hospital in New York City and I felt we were doing a lot to detect and treat illness, but nothing to prevent it. I felt there was a place for physician advocacy.

So w h a t m a d e a y o u n g m a n b o r n in N o r t h D a k o t a , the heart of cattle c o u n t r y , w h o s e family w o r k s in t h e m e a t a n d dairy industry b e c o m e a vegan? The process was a gradual one, says Barnard. I became a vegetarian in the 1970s. Before I went to med school I had a job helping out with autopsies and it's one thing to hear about a heart attack but it's another to see one. To examine the heart, you have to pull a big wedge of ribs off the chest. After I had done one such examination, we went to the cafeteria to find they were serving ribs for lunch — I became vegetarian shortly after that!

M ;t h e

P C R M n o w has a b o u t 5 0 0 0 d o c t o r s a m o n g its m e m b e r s h i p . Its a i m s are t o

You can't suggest to them that they have to swallow dairy products r e f o r m nutritional policy, c o n d u c t research a n d bring an e n d to animal experiments. So, h e has m a d e a few e n e m i e s t h e n ? The dairy industry is rather upset with us at the moment, says Barnard. Our dietary guidelines for Americans are reconfigured every five years so we're now working on them so dairy no longer has its special group, so that means meat is no longer promoted. In 1995 we got the word 'vegetarian ' in the guidelines for the first time, but we need to go further so that vegan diets are encouraged and understood. B u t B a r n a r d also has his allies, e v e n at t h e h i g h e s t levels. P C R M ' s c a m p a i g n against dairy p r o d u c t s has e a r n e d it t h e s u p p o r t o f t h e C o n g r e s s i o n a l




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B e i n g vegan is a healthier o p t i o n all r o u n d , believes Barnard. When you look at medical research, you have to be impressed that the rates of cancer and heart disease are so very low. And when you see all the worry around salmonella in beef and Mad Cow Disease, these are things that become totally irrelevant to you. W i t h g e n e r a t i o n s of people b r o u g h t u p t o believe m e a t and dairy p r o d u c t s are essential f o r a healthy diet, Barnard a d m i t s h e has his work c u t o u t trying t o e d u c a t e p e o p l e . Myths die hard, but 1 think now that ours is not a minority view when it comes from the standpoint of research. P C R M ' s o w n research is l o o k i n g at t h e link b e t w e e n dairy a n d prostrate c a n c e r , a n d a weight loss study is initially s h o w i n g that a l o w fat vegan diet helps r e d u c e menstrual pain in healthy young women.

NOWAY As well as health concerns, h e b e c a m e aware o f animal welfare issues over the years, starting at medical school w h e n h e refused t o r u n w i t h t h e c r o w d . / was asked to take a live dog and to give it a variety of drugs to see how they affected its heart and then to kill it. I said "no chance", and then another student refused and they decided that this particular experiment would no longer be required, but would be optional. A few years later they got rid of it. That to me was an example of things that people continue to do unthinkingly and which are not only unnecessary but also very counterproductive. H e goes o n to explain that, for e x a m p l e , t h e factors that c o n t r i b u t e to obesity in rats are e x t r e m e l y different t o those that cause it in h u m a n s , m a k i n g animal research confusing. Barnard's n e w b o o k Foods that Fight Pain (see Review's, page 31) shows that n o t only is y o u r general health i m p r o v e d by a vegan diet, b u t a melee o f c o n d i t i o n s such as migraine and arthritis can often be improved by it too. B u t b e warned: there is a disadvantage to b e i n g vegan, says Barnard. You have to figure out what to do when all your non-vegan friends are dying off early in life!

RESOURCES F o o d s that Fight Pain D r N e a l Barnard — to order, see page 3 2 Physicians C o m m i t t e e for Responsible Medicine ( P C R M ) , 5 1 2 W i s c o n s i n Ave, N W , Suite 4 0 4 , W a s h i n g t o n D C 2 0 0 1 6 , U S A . T e l 001 202 686 2210 W e b s i t e w w w . p c r m . o r g . Publishes Cood Medicine.


TRAIGHTT" Music to a vegan's ears? Antony Roberts investigates...

Militant vegan straightedge band, Slavearc


eaders of The Vegan will be familiar w i t h the term vegan b u t I expect m a n y will n o t have c o m e across the term 'straightedge' (sXe). T h e term c o m e s from the 1981 recording Straightedge by M i n o r Threat. T h e straightedge manifesto came from the lyrics: I'm a person just like you/but I've got better things to do/than sit around and **** my head/hang out with the living dead/snort white **** up my nose/pass out at the shows/I don't even think about speed/that's something Ijust don't need. . .

Veganism is seen as a logical step to increase purification IN THE RAW T h e philosophy behind this music is very simple and positive. T o be straightedge o n e must n o t drink alcohol, smoke, take drugs, or have promiscuous sex. It sounds like an ideal philosophy for an ideal world, b u t unfortunately the movement has received a lot of bad press recently d u e to some violence from a small n u m b e r o f extremists in Salt Lake City, U t a h . C o n s e q u e n t l y , straightedge gangs arcn o w on the FBI's 'wanted list'! Straightedge is part of the hardcore p u n k music genre as a whole, w h i c h evolved from the 7()s English p u n k scene. It's considered to be 'a lifetime c o m m i t m e n t ' . Edgers love the scene and protect it (from the mainstream). Straightedge is considered to have peaked at the end of the 80s with bands like Y o u t h of T o d a y , W i d e A w a k e , C h a i n of Strength, and U p f r o n t . T h e s e b a n d s sang a b o u t positive t h i n k i n g , u n i t y and friends. T h e r e are still m a n y h a r d c o r e bands playing in this style today b u t most of the 'vegan' variety.

play heavier m u s i c — typically thrash/ metal w i t h h a r d c o r e lyrics. H a r d c o r e lyrics w i t h i n t h e vegan straightedge g e n r e address issues s u c h as t h e restraints o f religion, racism, c a p i talism, deforestation, straightedge, animal rights and the liberation m o v e ment. Gigs are organised by t h e bands a n d t h e fans themselves — as are the stalls and fanzines. C D s etc are f u n d e d within the scene. T h e w h o l e thing is built o n having f u n whilst spreading a positive message, fighting capitalism and m a k i n g little profit. Although s o m e people use hardcore to m a k e m o n e y , m o s t d o n o t and simply a t t e n d gigs for the pure spirit of the event. M o n e y m a d e from C D s , records and gigs is o f t e n given to voluntary organisations — such as the N S P C C or local h o m e less/animal activist groups.

THE VEGAN CONNECTION But w h a t , you ask, does this have to d o w i t h veganism? Well, straightedgers c h o o s e to e l i m inate poisons and t e m p t a t i o n s f r o m their life. Veganism b e c a m e associated w i t h t h e m o v e m e n t because it allows the individual to eliminate certain p o i sons f r o m t h e b o d y whilst b o y c o t t i n g t h e m e a t a n d dairy industry. T h e shift towards veganism o c c u r r e d d u r i n g t h e e a r l y - m i d 90s. After b e c o m i n g straightedge, veganism is seen as a l o g ical step to increase purification. It is w e l l - d o c u m e n t e d that cigarettes have b e e n , and c o n t i n u e to be tested o n animals, as have alcohol a n d drugs. U s i n g a n y o f these poisons equates to support for vivisection, multinationals, c r i m e , possible addiction and d e g e n erative diseases. But vegan straightedge does n o t stop there — t h e m o r e e x t r e m e 'hardline' 'acknowledges that t h e h u m a n race has lost its place within t h e c o n t e x t of the

natural order'. H a r d l i n e r s will n o t f o r sake t h e laws of n a t u r e for their o w n desire. T h i s m e a n s n o d r u g s , n o infringements o n the lives o f i n n o c e n t s , n o deviant sexual acts and n o abortions. Hardliners m u s t strive to liberate t h e rest o f the w o r l d and deal o u t j u s t i c e t o those guilty of destroying it. M a n y within the hardcore scene disagree w i t h hardline's use o f ' j u s t i fied v i o l e n c e in d e f e n c e o f t h e i n n o cent'. H o w e v e r , h a r d l i n e has b e e n m i s i n t e r p r e t e d as b e i n g h o m o p h o b i c and p r o - l i f e . H a r d l i n e r s are actually p r o - c h o i c e b u t believe in n o n - g o v e r n mental education/involvement to obviate t h e n e e d for a b o r t i o n s . T h e y are n o t h o m o p h o b i c b u t s i m p l y believe sex s h o u l d b e t h e r e for p r o c r e ation a n d n o t for pleasure — so e v e n heterosexual i n t e r c o u r s e is f r o w n e d u p o n (if n o t for r e p r o d u c t i o n ) . E v e n if p r o t e c t i o n is u s e d , t h e r e are t o o m a n y sexually t r a n s m i t t e d diseases a n d t h e r e is a risk o f an a b o r t i o n s u b s e q u e n t l y being c h o s e n .

WHETTED APPETITE So, h o w d o y o u find o u t m o r e a b o u t vegan s t r a i g h t e d g e a n d t h e h a r d c o r e scene generally? G o t o live c o n c e r t s f e a t u r i n g h a r d core b a n d s — m o s t are b e t t e r live t h a n stifled in a r e c o r d i n g s t u d i o . T h i s music is all a b o u t spirit, t h e r a w n e s s , raising a w a r e n e s s a n d e n c o u r a g i n g new p e o p l e t o g e t active. T h e best c o m m e r c i a l l y available UK m a g a z i n e is Terrorizer which includes b a n d i n t e r v i e w s , gig d a t e s and r e c o r d label ads. B e t t e r still, g e t hold o f a f a n z i n e at a gig — y o u ' l l find interviews, a l b u m reviews, articles o n issues — e v e n vegan recipes! O n e o f t h e biggest a n d best w e b sites can b e f o u n d at w w w . s t a c k . n l / ~ e d w i n h e / l i n k . h t m l . T h i s is j u s t a link site b u t it has h u n d r e d s !

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* Jounc) Hello there, my name is Clare

and as a

vegan, and as a 15-year-old, I am here to speak about my experiences along the way to — and after — making the choice of becoming a vegan.

GETTING STARTED Firstly, I became a full vegetarian in March 98, after many months of considering my thoughts surrounding issues about the foods I ate. One friend w a s a committed vegetarian, and o n an activity holiday with her the previous year I almost naturally and automatically began choosing meatfree options, just out of preference. It w a s a bit of a battle with my parents w h e n I wanted to become vegetarian and I had to prove that I was determined and knowledgeable enough. I researched nutrition, new foods, and the issues that made me question things and think twice. I was never gullible or naive enough to be taken in — I k n e w how I felt and looked at many angles. I did finally become vegetarian and began to cook for myself (which I enjoy) — and also started to avoid leather and products like it.

HAPPY HOLS Last year w e had our annual summer holiday in France. I dreaded h o w I would cope, but surprisingly I did, and pretty well. The vegetarian option o n the ferry looked pretty suspicious, so I stuck to something else. Eating out w a s the greatest worry

but I managed by sticking to salads, omelettes and bread in the evenings. A t the time I w a s considering going vegan — I knew other animal products were a profitable part of meat production and that these products were not as essential or as healthy as is made out. The greatest surprise of all was made in the supermarkets (the huge Super U shops) — I found tofu, soya milk, soya yoghurts (Sojasun), and a range of pulses, nuts and seeded breads. I enjoyed making the lunches and dinner in our cottage. However, it must be tricky eating out in restaurants, especially abroad.

KNOWING ME . . . I began writing to a boy in Scandinavia last year. He has been vegan for nearly two years. We write long, interesting letters. He says it is possible, if you pick and choose, to be vegan where he is and he has visited London — which is even better for vegans! In the U K w e are more openminded about issues such as veg-

anism. People will have regrets if, in 100 years' time, there is no forest left due to over-grazing. Concern for animals is still an incredibly strong argument for veganism, even though health and environmental concerns are important too. The conditions factory farmed animals live in for their short, miserable lives and the methods of slaughter are disgusting. The older generation has not quite grasped or understood the concepts of veganism and vegetarianism. Most have been brought up not to question meat-eating.

FAME (ALREADY) Last year I actually starred in, and presented a documentary (with Oxford University Press) on vegan foods. It was filmed all day at a vegetarian restaurant in London. It was great and the film will be used to explain to those from overseas why so many people are vegan and why.

MR CATTLE FARMER I recently went to Ireland to visit my relatives. My uncle owns a cattle farm there. My relatives were fine about me cooking my o w n meals and respected me for it. I must say. the supermarkets there were excellent — with Plamil, Provamel and Linda McCartney ranges, and many nuts and pulses. However, I do hate relying on processed foods — I bother with them only when I'm in a rush.

A HORROR STORY The latest food fiasco has been about genetically modified (GM) foods. They have been around for a f e w years and it was inevitable they




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would become the focus of serious public debate. I can understand why some people prefer organic foods; as yet, we do not know what dangers may lie in manipulated 'Frankenstein' foods.

SOUNDS LIKE YOUP! I absolutely hate the stereotype of a vegan or vegetarian as a hippyish, sandal-wearing (non-leather of course), pale-faced, weird, India traveller — we're not all like that! I'm not like that at all — I'm actually very smart and modern and hope to become a barrister (civil lawyer), or something in that field. I also love technology and computing.

WELL DONE We are all being vegan for the future — so our planet will live on, for ourselves, and so the animals and the environment will not be destroyed. With the backing of the Vegan Society w e can achieve this. Keep it up! Finally, don't forget to send me your views, stories, feedback and ideas for this page! Write to me at: The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, StLeonardson-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK. E-mail

CONTACT-A FRIEND Would any young readers like to start a penpals club via Y o u n g Vegans? If so, send your name, address (and e-mail address if you have one), date of birth and any interests to me c/o The Vegan.

DO YOU CARE ABOUT THE WORLD? You may think there is very little any individual can do to help the environment, prevent large scale animal abuse and so on. However, the power of investment is immense. The more of us who indicate that we care about what happens to the money in our pension funds, endowments and other investments, the better off we will all be. For advice or more details contact: David Walters Financial Services /— Horseshoe Cottage, J l Brownbread Street, "x^ / Ashburnham, East Sussex TN33 9NX Tel. 0800 0183110 David

Walters is a member and the Vegetarian

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A spooked Richard Youngs combines tradition with a good feed


are widely available around



hollowed out and cut into lanterns,

the question arises: what to do with the flesh? Here are some ideas



£ 1 small o n i o n 2 tbsp sunflower oil 2 m e d i u m potatoes same v o l u m e pumpkin flesh as potato 4 2 5 m l / p t vegan stock salt and pepper Chop the onion. Peel and dice the potatoes. Cube the pumpkin M parent Saute the onion in the sunflower oil over medium heat until transparent Add the potatoes, pumpkin and stock. Bring to a boil. Cover and turn down to simmer for 30 minutes Remove from heat. Liquidise Return to heat. Season and when hot again serve


455g/llb potatoes 225g/8oz pumpkin flesh 1 clove garlic knob o f vegan margarine salt and pepper • Peel the potatoes and dice them along with the pumpkin flesh • Boil or steam with the garlic. When soft, drain (if boiling) and then mash together with a little margarine plus salt and plenty of freshly ground black pepper

2 cloves garlic 3 tbsp olive oil plum tomato 455g/llb p u m p k i n flesh 1 tbsp t o m a t o puree 2 5 g / 8 o z pre-cooked cannelloni bea 15 pitte For the crumb lour 2 tbsp ground hazelnuts 1 tbsp p u m p k i n seeds 1 tbsp vegetable i pinch o f salt

Crush the garlic. Chop the tomato. Dice the pumpkin flesh inti 1.25cm('/ 2 ")cubes Over medium heat saute the garlic briefly, then add the plum tomato and pumpkin. Turn to low and cover ^^I'^MTJ Now make the crumble by rubbing together the flour, hazelnuts, seeds, vegetable oil and salt Return to the pumpkin mixture and add the tomato puree, beans and olives. Stir well then transfer to an ovenproof dish. Sprinkle the crumble over the top Bake in a moderate oven for 30 minutes or until nicely brown on top Serve

X The V e g a n ,



SPICED PUMPKIN AND CHICK PEA ofip (X) 3 t b s p s u n f l o w e r oil p i n c h o f c u m i n seeds 1 d r i e d r e d chilli 1 m e d i u m onion 4 cloves garlic 2 d r a i n e d p l u m t o m a t o e s f r o m a tin 1 tsp g r o u n d c o r i a n d e r /2 t s P g r o u n d g i n g e r '/4 tsp g r o u n d t u r m e r i c 4 5 5 g / l l b p u m p k i n flesh 2 2 5 g / 8 o z p r e - c o o k e d c h i c k peas salt a n d p e p p e r Chop the onion. Crush the garlic. Chop the tomatoes. Dice the pumpkin flesh into 125cm( 1 / 2 ") cubes Pour the oil into a saucepan over medium heat. Add the cumin seeds and chilli. Next add the onion. Fry until it is caramelised. Then add the remaining ingredients Cover and cook over low heat until the pumpkin is tender — 2 0 - 3 0 minutes. Stir occasionally to prevent sticking — and try to resist the temptation of adding any water to the pan Serve with basmati rice or chapattis



4 5 5 g / l l b p u m p k i n flesh 2 tbsp s u n f l o w e r oil 3 cloves garlic iuice o f •/, l e m o n

• Cut the pumpkin flesh into chip-size chunks. Peel and cut the garlic cloves in halves • In a baking tin place all the ingredients and give them a good shake. Cover with aluminium foil • Place in a pre-heated hot oven for 30 minutes. Serve immediately


e n o u g h pasta f o r t w o salted w a t e r 3 t b s p s u n f l o w e r oil 2 cloves garlic i f e w s p e c k s o f c r u s h e d d r i e d r e d chilli 2 2 5 g / 8 o z p u m p k i n flesh 115g/4oz p r e - c o o k e d b l a c k e y e b e a n s v e g a n p o w d e r e d s t o c k t o taste • • • •

Place a large saucepan of salted water over high heat Crush the garlic. Dice the pumpkin flesh into 1 25cm( 1 / 2 ") cubes When the pan of water is at a boil add the pasta Beside it, place a small pan on low heat. Pour in the oil. Add the garlic, chilli, pumpkin cubes and a sprinkling of powdered stock. Cover and cook for 7 - 1 0 minutes until the pasta is ready. Shake the covered pan occasionally • Drain the pasta and return to its large pan. Throw in the garlic, chilli and pumpkin along with the precooked beans. Stir briefly over a low heat and then serve immediately.





1 999

4 5 5 g / l l b p u m p k i n flesh 1 tsp p o w d e r e d c i n n a m o n 1 tsp p o w d e r e d ginger 2 tbsp d e m e r a r a sugar 1 tbsp w a t e r For the crumble: 3 tbsp w h o l e m e a l flour 2 tbsp d e m e r a r a sugar 1 tbsp vegan m a r g a r i n e

• Dice the pumpkin flesh into 1 2 5 c m ( ' / 2 ") cubes. Place in a saucepan along with the cinnamon, ginger, 2 tbsp demerara sugar and tbsp of water. Cover with a firmly fitting lid. Place over a low heat and seat for 15 minutes • Meanwhile, make the crumble. Rub together the flour, sugar and margarine until like soft breadcrumbs • Fill a small ovenproof dish with the prepared pumpkin. Cover with the crumble • Bake in a pre-heated medium oven for 30 minutes until bubbling and brown on top

T h e O v e r s e a s A i d C h a r i t y f o r V e g e t a r i a n s & V e g a n s is

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(Registered Charity No 232208, Inland Revenue Ref XN8555)

FEEDS T H E HUNGRY WITHOUT EXPLOITING ANIMALS The Fragile Environment of Developing Countries cannot support TWO populations Humans and their Food Animals. For over 30 years VEGFAM has provided short and long-term Relief to People who have been the victims of Drought, Flood, Cyclone or War in over 30 countries. Our Supporters control how much of their Donation goes on Administration since VEGFAM operates three separate Funds for the use of Donors/Testators the particulars of which are: GENERAL DONATIONS paid into a/c No 65023307 00 The Co-operative Bank will be apportioned (by % shown) between pic, 242 High Street, EXETER, PROJECTS (91%) a/c No 65023323 00 at EX4 3QB, Sort Code 08-92-90 Administration Expenses (7%) a/c No 65023310 00 (Midland Bank a/cs retained Office Building Fund (2%) a/c No 65023336 53 for use by existing Donors)


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SUPPORTERS ARE INVITED TO PAY DONATIONS DIRECT TO ANY OF THESE ACCOUNTS Tel/Fax Lydfbtd (01822) 820203 or Hitchin (01462) 625450fcrmore details - Covenant Forms/Bankers Order Fonns etc (& self catering visitors accommodation) or write (SAE appreciated) to: VEGFAM, "The Sanctuary". Nr Lydford, OKEHAMPTON, Devon, EX20 4AL Website: http://www veganvillage


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We also have an exceptionally wide range of courses based on health and healing themes, all led by qualified instructors. For a Rail list of events please request our Courses leaflet from our Wardens.

We lookforward to hearing from you

<o ra _ in •D 0) c o <D n x B N 1 1UP. Tel/Fax: 0 1 2 7 3 6V) 9 1 9in 13



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1 999


n t h e W i n t e r 1 9 9 7 Vegan w e left t h e

e d i t o r o f t h e V e g e t a r i a n Society's j o u r n a l , t h e Vegetarian Messenger and Health Review, a d m i t t i n g in 1 9 1 2 that t h e a r g u m e n t s in f a v o u r o f a d a i r y - a n d egg-free diet were overwhelming, and that that w a s t h e r o u t e t h e Society s h o u l d take. A cataclysmic w a r t h e n intervened, and the subject was d r o p p e d . B u t w h a t h a d h a p p e n e d t o all t h e m e m b e r s w h o s e consciences had led t h e m t o w h a t w o u l d m u c h later b e k n o w n as a v e g a n diet?

FILTERED It's difficult t o k n o w h o w k e e n t h e y w e r e j u s t a f t e r t h e First W o r l d W a r b e c a u s e t h e c h o i c e o f letters t o p r i n t was u p t o t h e e d i t o r s o f t h e Messenger. In 1923 the t w o editors responded to a reader's letter a b o u t giving u p dairy m i l k b y saying that t h e y always w e l c o m e d v i e w s o n s u c h matters: " W e feel that the ideal p o s i t i o n f o r vegetarians is abstin e n c e f r o m a n i m a l p r o d u c t s , a n d that m o s t o f u s are, like o t h e r r e f o r m e r s , in a transitional s t a g e . " T h i s 'transitional stage' a r g u m e n t h a d b e e n used b e f o r e t h e First W o r l d W a r a n d w o u l d b e c o m e a m a i n s t a y o f t h e V e g e t a r i a n Society's position. B u t t h a t 1 9 2 3 letter triggered o f f some m o r e correspondence. Percy E H u r s t c o u l d see n o ideal from a v e g e tarian v i e w p o i n t " u n t i l t h e h u m a n species absolves itself f r o m t a k i n g susten a n c e from t h e b o v i n e o r a n y o t h e r s u b - h u m a n species'. H e a r g u e d m a i n l y o n h e a l t h g r o u n d s , as m i l k w a s a k e y s o u r c e o f t u b e r c u l o s i s (an a r g u m e n t still valid in 1 9 4 4 â&#x20AC;&#x201D; t h e year t h e V e g a n




1 999

Social historian and author of 'Easy Vegan Cooking', Leah Leneman continues to trace the path which was to lead to the birth of the world's first vegan society

Society was founded). H o w e v e r , M r H Light r e s p o n d e d that " t h e exceptional longevity of t h e people of certain nations is attributed to the fact that milk f o r m s a very large proportion o f their dietary." Light's letter also elicited responses, including o n e from A H Mitchell, w h o had virtually given u p animal b y - p r o d u c t s twelve years earlier and felt m u c h healthier than he had as a lacto-vegetarian.

This 'transitional stage' argument had been used before TAKE A BREAK T h i s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e c o n t i n u e d until t h e b e g i n n i n g o f 1924, b u t then there was a l o n g gap until an article in 1929 called forth m o r e letters o n the subject. O n e , at t h e beginning o f 1930, was from Percy E Hurst again, with passionate a r g u m e n t s for giving u p all animal p r o d u c t s , and the assurance that " D u r i n g t h e w h o l e period in w h i c h I have discarded dairy products I have e n j o y e d excellent health, and have n o t paid a single p e n n y to medical m e n . " T h i s was f o l l o w e d by letters f r o m t w o w o m e n (Miss A Fairbank and Florence L H o w a r d ) , w h o endorsed M r Hurst's views. Again there was a gap before the editor o f the Messenger w r o t e in 1934: " W e have recently had a considerable a m o u n t o f correspondence on the s u b j e c t o f abstention from dairy products

and in view of the fact that this matter is o n e which is likely to occupy the attention of vegetarians to an even greater e x t e n t in t h e future, w e should b e pleased to hear from any of o u r m e m bers w h o have been living on a diet w h i c h excludes these foods." T h e invitation resulted in " m a n y letters", b u t t h e editor did n o t think most of t h e m w e r e m u c h help because those w h o w r o t e t h e m had " n o t abstained c o m pletely f r o m all the dairy products." H e was aware that in 1912 "a similar discussion t o o k place in the c o l u m n s of o u r magazine and the weight of o p i n i o n then was definitely against the utilisation o f the dairy products." T h e lengthiest extract was f r o m 2 5 year-old D o n a l d W a t s o n , w h o was to b e c o m e a key player in the lead u p to a separate vegan society. H e had b e c o m e a lacto-vegetarian nine years earlier, and after seven years he gave u p all animal p r o d u c t s and felt all the better for it. In c o m m o n w i t h others w h o w e r e q u o t e d , W a t s o n described his diet. Mrs J e a n R o b e r t s Albert, editor of an American j o u r n a l , The Vegetarian and Fruitarian, w r o t e from Idaho that she considered there was m o r e cruelty involved in t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f milk and eggs than in "straight slaughter". She had n o t eaten such products for twenty years, n o r had H V T u c k e r from W e s t o n - s u p e r - M a r e o r A H Mitchell from Tiverton. A r t h u r E Shergold from the Isle of W i g h t had abstained from animal b y - p r o d u c t s for five or six years a n d w r o t e "If w e c a n n o t live w i t h o u t dairy p r o d u c e and eggs the vegetarian principle falls to the g r o u n d . "


GUARDED W i t h such p o t e n t a r g u m e n t s , and the e x a m p l e s o f individuals w h o thrived o n an animal-free diet, o n e m i g h t have e x p e c t e d t h e Vegetarian Society to have m o v e d m u c h closer t o this ideal, b u t in fact the editors o f t h e j o u r n a l did n o t publish a n y t h i n g m o r e o n t h e subject until 1942. T h e e d i t o r t h e n argued: " E x p e r i e n c e has p r o v e d that many will accept the c o n d i t i o n s o f m e m b e r s h i p o f the Vegetarian Society t o abstain f r o m all fish, flesh and fowl, w h e r e a s few, at present, w o u l d b e able in addition, to dispense w i t h all dairy p r o d u c e and the h u n d r e d s o f c o m m o d i t i e s i n t o w h i c h these p r o d u c t s e n t e r . After all, w h e n t h e d e m a n d f o r flesh f o o d ceases, t h e p r o b l e m o f ' d a i r y p r o d u c e ' will n o longer present itself." Needless to say, this did call f o r t h s o m e c o m m e n t , b u t it was in t h e f o l l o w i n g year, 1943, that a letter f r o m M r L J Cross resulted in a n o t h e r flood o f replies. (It seems safe to assume that only a flood o f replies w o u l d have i n d u c e d t h e j o u r n a l ' s e d i t o r to give so m u c h space t o t h e subject.) His c o n science having m a d e it necessary t o give u p dairy p r o d u c t s , C r o s s was p a r ticularly upset at criticism " f r o m fellow vegetarians", w h i c h " w a s directed mainly to p o i n t i n g o u t that I was g o i n g t o o far". T h e debate w h i c h followed was chiefly b e t w e e n Leslie C r o s s and M r J R. Clark. Clark agreed that " t h e r e is n o moral justification w h a t e v e r for t h e use of dairy p r o d u c e " , b u t h e was a pragmatist. it was impossible to k n o w t h e ingredients of e v e r y t h i n g o n e

b o u g h t , it was impossible t o travel a r o u n d t h e c o u n t r y and eat o u t o r s h o p in village stores w i t h o u t eating s o m e a n i m a l b y - p r o d u c t s , it was impossible t o d i n e in a n y o n e ' s h o m e etc etc. " L i k e M r C r o s s " , h e w r o t e , "I d o n o t crave for eggs, m i l k , b u t t e r , c h e e s e , o r even h o n e y , b u t I d o w a n t t o live a full life." N o r , h e insisted, was his m o t i v e simply a selfish o n e , for h e c l a i m e d that those vegetarians (like h i m ) w h o travelled, " m i x i n g freely w i t h o r t h o d o x f e e d e r s " , w e r e m u c h b e t t e r placed to " f u r t h e r t h e cause o f vegetarianism by subtle p r o paganda, t h a n are those w h o s h u t t h e m s e l v e s o f f f r o m the w o r l d like Trappist monks."

The arguments came down to conscience versus expediency LAST CHANCE By 1944 pressure was so great that t h e Messenger ran a piece by Eva W a t s o n called E l i m i n a t i n g Dairy P r o d u c e : How the Difficulties C a n Be O v e r c o m e , and a p o w e r f u l article by D o n a l d W a t s o n o n w h y vegetarians should n o t eat dairy produce. H o w e v e r , in J u n e o f that year t h e e d i t o r stood his g r o u n d . T h e recent correspondence, h e thought, had b e e n "very helpful and constructive", b u t t h e Society's propaganda had t o b e focused o n the original aims of p e r suading people to refrain f r o m eating

meat, p o u l t r y and fish." J a m e s H o p g o o d H a r t agreed totally: "It is n o part of t h e w o r k o f o r g a n i s e d vegetarianism t o insist o n a b s t e n t i o n f r o m dairy p r o d u c t s . . . Let individuals abstain f r o m t h e m o f t h e i r o w n f r e e will and bless t h e m if successful, b u t d o not split t h e vegetarian societies b y pressing f o r , o n a large scale, a n i m p o s sible c o n d i t i o n o f dietetic p r a c t i c e . " But Leslie Cross had t h e last w o r d . H e t h o u g h t that the J u n e editorial p u t t h e case fairly regarding propaganda a m o n g non-vegetarians: " B u t a m o n g v e g e t a r ians w h o feel t h e stirrings o f an ethical d o u b t , let us b e careful that w e d o n o t attach t h e label o f ' p r a c t i c a l reasons' t o w h a t in reality m a y b e m e r e l y p e r s o n a l inconveniences."

IT'S TIME N o o n e in t h e i n t e r - w a r p e r i o d t r i e d to plead that dairy f a r m i n g was n o t cruel; t h e a r g u m e n t s c a m e d o w n t o c o n s c i e n c e versus e x p e d i e n c y . It is clear w h y t h e Vegetarian S o c i e t y w o u l d n o t provide space f o r the p r o t o vegans t o c o n t i n u e t o a r g u e their case: it m i g h t have p u t o f f p o t e n t i a l l a c t o vegetarians o r , t o take a m o r e cynical v i e w , it m i g h t have m a d e s o m e o f t h e Society's m e m b e r s uncomfortable over t h e i r c o m p r o m i s e a n d t h e r e f o r e less a r d e n t s u p p o r t e r s . T h e f e r v o u r o f those, like D o n a l d W a t s o n ( c o i n e r o f the w o r d ' v e g a n ' a n d initiator o f t h e n e w s l e t t e r w h i c h b e c a m e The Vegan), whose consciences could not be accommodated within such a f r a m e w o r k , m a d e t h e c r e a t i o n o f a separate Vegan Society an a b s o l u t e necessity.




1 999

Grow Vegan Vegan-organic gardener, Maggie Dunn gets high on herbs


erbs have many health-giving properties and are very beneficial to the gardener. Here are some of the m o r e popular varieties that could usefully be grown in your garden.

CHAMOMILE Anthemis nobilis C o m m o n l y used as a soothing tea, a large handful of fresh chamomile in a hot bath can be equally calming. It may also be used as an insect repellent. T h e extracted oil has weak antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. G r o w n easily from seed in the spring, the plant produces pretty, daisy-like flowers with a feathery foliage. It is called the 'plant's physician' by the gardening fraternity because it can help prevent the 'damping ofF of seedlings and also keep plants disease-free.

COMFREY Symphytum officinale A large perennial plant growing over 0 . 9 m (3') in height and producing beautiful mauve (bee-loving) flowers, c o m f r e y was traditionally used in a poultice to reduce inflammation and swelling. Popularly known as ' k n i t b o n e ' , it was commonly used to aid the m e n d i n g o f b r o k e n bones. It is also an astringent and antiseptic. It contains an alkaloid which may damage the liver and so should not be taken internally on a daily basis. It is better to obtain a root from a fellow gardener if you can â&#x20AC;&#x201D; it is easily divided. T h e leaves can be c h o p p e d and mixed with water for a slow acting liquid fertiliser. Symphytum officinale is the native variety but there are a n u m b e r of others, all having the same value.







Taraxacum officinale I was always told that if 1 picked dandelion flowers I would wet the bed. It does have diuretic and laxative qualities but I suspect it needs to be ingested before risking a damp sleeping area! It is supposed to aid digestion, stimulate the appetite and purify the blood. The leaves and root can be made into a tea; tender young leaves can be chopped for use in salads. Coffee substitute is made by baking thin pieces of the root in a slow oven until crisp. It can then be ground and used like instant coffee powder.

Thymus vulgaris A rich aromatic herb that contains antiseptic qualities and can be used as a tonic for depression or lethargy. Make fresh thyme tea or preserve a sprig in a bottle of olive oil. Thyme is a hardy perennial that forms an evergreen bush. It requires protection from the cold and damp and so is best planted in pots. Seeds can be sown in the spring in a sunny well-drained soil or in pots. Alternatively, obtain new plants by stem cuttings or root division.

Trapaeolum majus The flowers and leaves of nasturtiums may be eaten â&#x20AC;&#x201D; although their flavour is very peppery. The flowers are an attractive addition to summer salads. Nasturtium is a natural antibiotic and is thought to both prevent hair loss and condition the scalp.

Most gardens contain dandelion so finding (let alone growing) the plant shouldn't pose a problem. It can be grown from seed in the spring or cultivated by root division.

MARIGOLD Calendula officinalis T h e health giving properties of marigold have long been known. T h e flowers may be used instead of saffron to colour rice, are a popular ingredient in skin care products and may even be used as a fabric dye. It is thought to have antiseptic and antibacterial qualities. The Shakers, a religious group based in America, believed the plant was an effective gangrene cure. Marigold is grown easily from seed in late spring and produces plants with masses of dense and vivid longlasting orange flowers with a large root system. If the ground is not disturbed too much during the following season plants will readily self seed. Marigolds prefer to grow in a sunny area and become very 'leggy' in the shade. It's a beneficial 'companion' plant to grow around strawberries and tomatoes, and at the base of trees.

1 999

SAGE Salvia officinalis Sage has very pungent leaves which can be used as a tea for headaches or as a gargle and mouthwash. It is used widely to flavour savoury dishes and is particularly popular in its familiar sage and onion stuffing guise. To make your own, simply mix finely chopped/fried onion with finely chopped sage and wholemeal breadcrumbs. Add seasoning, moisten with a little water, and roll into small balls. Bake alongside roast potatoes. Several varieties of sage are available. It is a relatively hardy plant growing to around 30cm (1) in height and retains its leaves in the winter. Seed is slow to genninate but, once established, the plants are very sturdy. Sage can be sown in spring or propagated from 'heel' cuttings in the

Sow them in the spring. An added bonus to the gardener is that the plant attracts blackfly away from beans. A large trailing nasturtium looks great in a hanging basket. Dwarf and climbing varieties are also available. Nasturtium thrives in cool damp conditions. It will re-seed in moderate climates but is frost-tender. Lastly, it is an ideal 'first plant' for very young gardeners!

GROW VEGAN PUZZLER W h a t is t h e botanical name for sage? a) Sambucus nigra b) Salvia officinalis c) Symphytum officinale Write your answer on a postcard, with your name and address, and post to Grow Vegan Puzzler, The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards on Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, by 18 October 1999. The sender of the first correct entry drawn will receive a copy of The New Vegan. The answer to the last Puzzler was 70%. Congratulations to Lesley Noke w h o wins a copy of Cooking with PETA.


Diary Dates OCTOBER

1 - 4 Mediterranean Vegetarian Festival, Malta. UK info: 0181 265 3277 2 World Farm Animals Day — demo at Humphreys Holdings (battery units), Twyford, Winchester and visit to Webbs Poultry slaughterhouse. Info: Marjorie, 01962 773673 3 - 1 0 IFAW Animal Action Week. Info: 01634 830888; 1 5 C I W F Fundraising Dinner with Joanna Lumley, London. Tickets: 01730 264208 16 14th Worldwide AntiMcDonalds Day — everywhere but Picket of European HQ, High Rd, E Finchley, London N2, 4 . 3 0 p m - 6 . 3 0 p m . Info: 0171 713 7 2 6 9 1 6 - 1 8 Veggies 15th Anniversary events. Info: 0115 958 5666


1 World Vegan Day. Info: Vegan Society, 01424 427393 20 Vegan Society AGM, Conway Hall, Red Lion Sq, London WC1, 2pm Info: Bill, 01424 427393 28 Shamrock Farm Nat Demo, Henfield Rd (A2037), Upper Beeding, W Sussex, noon. Info: 07020 936956


5 Christmas Without Cruelty Fayre, Kensington Town Hall, Horton St, London, 10am-5pm. Info: Animal Aid, 01732 364546 25 Bernard Matthews Picnic. Info: West Norfolk Animal Rights, 01553 617521; Covance Laboratories Vigil, Otley Rd, Harrogate; 31 Millennium Pledge to Reverse Meat-Eating and Violence Towards Animals, Hyde Park, London and worldwide. Info: Young Indian Vegetarians, 0181 681 8884 For a comprehensive list of dates — including regular weekly/monthly events — send an SAE + 7 extra first class stamp to: The Animal Rights Calendar, 180 Mansfield Rd, Nottingham NG1 3HW - or g o to the web site: arc/veggies/ Event details wanted! Tel 0115 958 5666



(When uniting, semi SAE. See also Vegan Society Local Contacts, p 28)

Vegan Society members receive a discount from hundreds of businesses providing holiday, dining, retail and mail order services. For the current list send an SAE marked 'Discounts' to: The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-onSea, East Sussex TN37 7AA. To join the Vegan Society, simply complete the Membership Application form on page 12.

NEW DISCOUNTS ACCOMMODATION Fraser Cottage B&B High St, Bangor-orvDee LL13 OAU 01978 781068 10% The Moorings 16 Clipper View, Edgbaston, Birmingham B16 9DJ 0121 456 5843 10% (B&B)



Conway Hall, Red Lion Square, Holborn, London WC1 Saturday 20 November 1999 Members will receive further details with their Annual Report

VEGANISM may be defined as a way of living which seeks to exclude, as far as possible and practical, all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purpose. In dietary terms it refers to the practice of dispensing with all animal produce — including meat, fish, poultry, eggs, animal milks, honey, and their derivatives. Abhorrence of the cruel practices inherent in dairy, livestock and poultry farming is probably the single most common reason for the adoption of veganism, but many people are drawn to it for health, ecological, resource, spiritual and other reasons. If you would like more information on veganism a free Information Pack is available from the Vegan Society in exchange for two first class stamps. THE VEGAN SOCIETY was formed in England in November 1944 by a group of vegetarians who had recognised the ethical compromises implicit in lacto (ie dairy-dependent) vegetarianism. Today, the Society continues to highlight the breaking of the strong maternal bond between the cow and its new-born calf within just four days; the dairy cow's proneness to lameness and mastitis; her subjection to an intensive cycle of pregnancy and lactation; our unnatural and unhealthy taste for cow's milk; and the deoxygenation of river water through contamination with cattle slurry. If you are already a vegan or vegan

sympathiser please support the Society and help increase its influence by joining. Increased membership means more resources to educate and inform. Full membership is restricted to practising (at least dietary) vegans, as defined above, but sympathisers are very welcome as supporters of the Society. Both members and supporters receive The Vegan. The Vegan Society Trade Mark is the property of the Vegan Society. The Society is prepared to authorise the use of its trade mark on products which accord with its 'no animal ingredients' and 'no animal testing' criteria.

Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, S O C I E T Y St Leonards-onSea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, United Kingdom Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064 email: Office hours: Mon: 9.30-5.30; Tues-Fri: 9.00-5.30 Visitors by appointment please Registered Charity No. 279228 Company Registration No. 1468880 VAT Registration No. 448 5973 95

Founder Donald Watson Hon Patrons Serena Coles, Freya Dinshah, Dr Michael Klaper, Arthur Ling, Cor Nouws, Wendy Turner, Donald Watson, Benjamin Zephaniah Council Anne Barr (Vice Chair), Brian Barker (Chair), Terry Bevis (Joint Hon Treasurer), Alex Bourke, Samantha Calvert, Vanessa Clarke, Frank Hutson, George Rodger, Julie Rosenfield, Rick Savage (Joint Hon Treasurer), Chris Sutoris National Local Contacts Coordinator George Rodger Volunteers Val Ardimento, Eileen Hardy, John Rawden, Derek Sinfield, Erica Wilson, Chris Tomlinson STAFF General Manager Richard Farhall Development Officer Jenny Sawyer Administration Officer Bill Palethorpe Information/Membership Officer Cathy Grainger Membership Assistant Antony Roberts Administrative Assistant Helen Cunliffe General Assistant (Part-time) Ann Bloomfield




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Local Contacts are Vegan Society members w h o have offered to act, on a voluntary basis, as a point of contact for those interested in the Society's work. They are not official representatives of the Society. Their levels of activity and knowledge may vary according t o their individual circumstances. W h e n writing to a Contact, please remember to enclose a SAE. Full members of the Vegan Society w h o are interested in acting as a Local Contact are invited to contact either the National Local Contacts Coordinator, George Rodger (see Region 4, ABERDEENSHIRE), or Bill Palethorpe in the V e g a n Society office.


VEGAN PUBLICATIONS Vegan Views Informal quarterly. 4-issue sub: £3.80 (non GB —£5) Flat A15,20 Dean Park Road, Bournemouth BH1 1JB Figan Cymreig (The Wales Vegan) Bilingual quarterly. Sub: <C1.50 Bronyr Ysgol, Montpelier, Llandrindod, Powys, Wales

LISTS Send an SAE to the Vegan Society for any of the following lists: Animal-Free Shopper Update; Health Care Professionals: Information Sheets; International Contacts — mainly individuals Trade Mark — registered users Vegan Families — child-raising vegans willing to be contacted to provide mutual support Vegan Travel Guide Update




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SAVE MONEY ON YOUR PHONE BILL AND RAISE FUNDS FOR THE VEGAN SOCIETY AT THE SAME TIME! Sign up with S E T C O — the p h o n e co-op that's accessed via BT's network and make the following savings against B T charges: Standard Economy U K local calls 16.7% 0.8% U K long national 30.3% 18.8% U K short national 30.2% 14.7% International 36.2-68% 28.6-66.3% Mobiles 7-9% 2-3% Q u o t e the Vegan Society's affinity n u m b e r (020) when signing up and S E T C O will donate 6 % of the value of your calls to the Society! For an application form and further details ring 01424 427393


Reviews Foods that Fight Pain

The New Vegan Amanda Grant Metro

Fresh and exciting recipe •for a healthy lifestyle

Neal Barnard MD Bantam (US)

£9.99 pbk 208pp

£7.99, pbk, 455pp

I welcome and applaud this book for several reasons. One, is that Amanda Grant rehearses all the old arguments in praise of the diet, stressing its homeopathic and healing qualities in cases of cancer, high blood pressure and heart disease. Secondly, she is practical and original, she covers the essentials of the store cupboard

I have read other books by the author but found this one to be charming and in keeping with the way I practise Nutritional Medicine. Foods That Fight Pain is extremely useful, both from the point of view of presentation and content.

with suggestions, like wasabi powder (Japanese horseradish) and lemon grass, that reflect trendy fusion cooking, then quickly gets onto the recipes, divided up into starters, snacks, main courses, desserts and menus. Thirdly, it is so good to see vegan food being interpreted with such style and elegance. This is food for the health conscious, busy professional who is aware that taste is paramount, not only on the palate but in the lifestyle. Also, her food mirrors very much my own tastes. I know I would be happy to eat in the Grant kitchen. The food is easily prepared and cooked, but is also never bland. She is keen, as I am, on hot spicy food and uses touches of chilli powder, cayenne pepper and paprika, but she also loves tahini and peanut butter and delicious purees like the Provencal tapenade (made from olives and capers) or salsas of various kinds.

'On* i»t" the matt rv»poiMhlc und atith'tItotrvc vnico it» American mnfioiir (cxiuy* Andrew Weil, author o» SpoatuWi'iu Hcu'iOj/


light pain

Although it is split into various sections — so that you are able to ascertain the optimum food choices for R E V O L U T I O N A R Y N E W STRATEGIES each particular malady — you F O R M A X I M U M L'AIN RELIEF are encouraged to read all the chapters avidly, because there is a synergistic effect when food is used to create a specificity.

My only carp would be that the dishes in the menus listed at the back seem so few. And that the recipes are not split up into the seasons, so as to ensure that only fresh, seasonal food is eaten. But the author shares my own enthusiasm for cous cous, polenta, gnocci and noodles. And she mixes ingredients which were meant for each other — like carrot and ginger, melon with red wine and mint, and beetroot and horseradish. Though she reflects the best in fashionable British cooking there are no recipes pinched from other people — a rare event these days.

Putting the recommendations made into practice will go a long way to reducing pain and discomfort — not only of short acute situations, but also of the pain endured by patients with long-standing situations — such as cancer and osteoporosis. I have personal experience of both and have reversed and regressed the pain of them by working along similar lines to Dr Barnard. Whereas conventional medicine can offer only drug-based therapy for pain control (applicable though this may be at times) there is much one can do using the power of foods — without side-effects. Every item recommended for pain control/relief is vegan — as arc all the recipes! What is more, the recipes are based on simple items easily obtained in the U K . I heartily recommend Foods That Fight Pain to everyone — vegan or not. It is an excellent read and the many pertinent back-up references lend weight to its authority.

Colin Spencer

Pat Reeves

ALSO ON THE EDITOR'S DESK . . . Animal Contacts Directory 1999-2000 Veggies Catering Campaign, pbk, 204pp, £4.95 from: Veggies, 180 Mansfield Rd, Nottingham NCI 3HW Vegan Barbecues and Buffets* Linda Majzlik, Jon Carpenter, pbk, 90pp, £5 (post free) from: Jon Carpenter, The Spendlove Ctre, Charlhury OX 7 3PQ Betrayed — W h a t T h e y D o n ' t W a n t Y o u to See A R C N e w s Publications, booklet, 40pp, 50p (p&p incl). Graphic photos of animal suffering. From: ARC News, PO Box 339, Wolverhampton WV10 7 B Z

Farmageddon — Food and the Culture o f B i o t e c h n o l o g y (US) Brewster Kneen, N e w Society Publishers, pbk, 231 pp. /CI 3.00 (post free) from: Jon Carpenter, The Spendlove Ctre, Charlbury OX7 3PQ 21st Century T o y s * Bernie Laprade, InfoDirect, booklet, 22pp, £2.99. Animal rights poetry for all ages T h e Meat Business — Devouring a H u n g r y Planet G e o f f Tansey & Joyce D'Silva (eds), Earthscan, pbk, 249pp, £ 1 2 . 9 9

REVIEWERS Pat R e e v e s is a practitioner of Nutritional and Functional Medicine, and British Masters Champion Powerlifter C o l i n S p e n c e r is a food writer and broadcaster

Items appearing on this page are available from the Vegan Society only if indicated with *. See pages 32-33 to order.

The V e g a n ,


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A n i m a l Century Mark Gold. Key events and players behind our changing attitudes to animals £12.99 A n i m a l Liberation Peter Singer. 2nd edition [Pimlico] of the bible of the modern animal rights movement £12.50 A n i m a l Liberation: A Graphic G u i d e Lori Gruen, Peter Singer & David Hine. A powerfully illustrated introduction to the subject £4.95 A n i m a l Rights — Extending the Circle of Compassion Mark Gold. Animal rights: the philosophy, principles, history and prospects £7.99 Animals, Politics & Morality Robert Garner. A n assessment of moral issues, philosophical claims, the modern animal protection movement and strategies employed £14.99 The Dreaded Comparison: Human and Animal Slavery Marjorie Spiegel. A penetrating study loaded with shocking comparisons of human and animal slavery, of racism and speciesism £3.95 Silent Ark Juliet Gellatley. A personal story of discovery of the meat and dairy industries £6.99


A b u n d a n t Living in the Coming A g e of the Tree Kathleen Jannaway. Towards a vegan, tree-based culture £2.00 Compassion: The Ultimate Ethic ( A n Exploration of V e g a n i s m ) Victoria Moran. A n examination of the history and philosophy of the vegan movement £4.95 McLibel Burger Culture on Trial (2nd ed) John Vidal. The story of the epic legal battle between McDonalds's and two campaigners £5.99 T h e Realeat Encyclopedia of Vegetarian Living Peter Cox. Despite the title, principally vegan in content. Includes 300 international vegan recipes £16.99 (Hdbk) V e g a n — the N e w Ethics of Eating (US) Erik Marcus. Disregard the American bias, this is riveting and inspiring reading £10.99 W h y V e g a n Kath Clements. A simple and straightforward exposition of the case for veganism £6.95





The Absolutely Animal-Free Cookbook Wendy Turner. Straightforward yet sumptuous recipes for the time-strapped vegan £9.99 A n Allergy Cookbook Patricia Carter. Recipes free of animal products, chocolate, salt, sugar, baking powder, wheat and cornflour £6.55 CalciYum! (Can) David & Rachelle Bronfman. 120 calcium-rich vegan recipes. Table of calcium values. 16 pages of colour photographs £9.95 Cooking with PETA (US) PETA. 200+ recipes with tips and nutrition 'per serving' breakdowns. Lay-flat binding £11.99 Cook Vegan Richard Youngs. A tempting mix of simple and imaginative recipes by The Vegan's cookery writer £6.99 Easy Vegan Cooking (Formerly 365+1 Vegan Recipes) Leah Leneman. Over 350 straighforward recipes using common ingredients. £8.99 Green Gastronomy Colin Spencer. Gourmet vegan recipes arranged by season £9.99 Nonna's Italian Kitchen Bryanna Clark Grogan (CAN). Take a trip through the history and regions of Italian (vegan) cuisine. Layflat binding £11.99 The New Vegan Amanda Grant. Fun and modern recipes by Cosmopolitan magazine's Food Editor £9.99 The Single Vegan Leah

V e g a n

arbecues .Buffets

Leneman. This is the book to persuade you that it really is 'worth the bother' for one £5.99 Rainbows & Wellies Jackie Redding & Tony Weston. An unusual and enchanting cookbook offering recipes for 14 nights of six person vegan dinner parties at Taigh na Mara Vegetarian Guest House in the Scottish Highlands £14.95 (Hdbk) Simply Vegan (2nd ed) (US) Debra Wasserman. Includes 70-page nutrition section and recipe nutrient breakdowns £/1.99 Vegan Barbecues & Buffets Linda Madjzlik. Let this book take the strain!£5.00 The Vegan Cookbook (2nd ed) Alan Wakeman & Gordon Baskerville. 200 richly varied and carefully graded recipes, ranging from the quick and simple right through to the unashamedly gourmet £7.99 Vegan Cooking Eva Batt. More than 300 simple, nourishing and economical recipes. A classic £7.99 Vegan Dinner Parties Linda Majziik. Imaginative and inspiring and good value at just £5.00 Vegan Feasts Rose Elliot. An innovative mix of quick and easy recipes — both modern and wellestablished £6.99 The Vegan Gourmet (US) Susann Geiskopf-Hadler & Mindy Toomay. Delicious and imaginative vegan cuisine with recipe nutrient breakdowns £8.99The Vegan Kitchen Mate (Aus) David Horton. 100 simple recipes, complete with kitchen tips £3.25 Vegan Vittles (US) Joanne Stepaniak. Lay-flat binding cookbook with advice for new and would-be vegans £9.99

HOME & GARDEN Forest Gardening Robert A de J Hart. 2nd edition of the vegan guide to creating a food-producing forest garden £10.95 Plants For a Future Ken Fern. Describes the creation of ecosystems containing edible plants that can be grown in Britain. 344pp, 47 colour and b&w photos £16.95

NUTRITION & HEALTH 10 Days to Better Health Kirsten Hartvig & Dr Nic Rowley. A veganbased health restoration programme £8.99 Foods That Cause You to Lose Weight (US) Neal Barnard MD. An American vegan doctor explains how choosing certain vegan foods leads to, and sustains long-term weight loss £10.99 Foods that Fight Pain (US) Neal Barnard MD. How to use vegan

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foods to alleviate a wide range of medical conditions. £7.99 Pregnancy, Children & the Vegan Diet (US) Michael Klaper MD. A practical guide to ensuring health and balance throughout pregnancy and to raising healthy children on a 100% animal-free diet £9.95 Vegan Nutrition Gill Langley MA PhD MIBiol. The most comprehensive survey of scientific research on vegan diets. Includes key points, easy-to-follow tables, chapters on all major nutrients and section on vegan mothers and children £8.95 Vegan Nutrition: Pure & Simple (US) Michael Klaper MD. A practical guide showing how sound vegan diets can satisfy all the body's needs and play a major role in the prevention and treatment of many degenerative diseases £9.95

REFERENCES The Animal-Free Shopper The Vegan Society. Popular shopping guide for those wishing to buy goods which are free of animal ingredients and involve no animal testing. Includes product listing sections — Food, Drink, Toiletries & Cosmetics etc; useful addresses; and information on animal substances and additives £4.95 Food For Free Richard Mabey. The wild food forager's bible — details of over 240 edible berries, nuts, fungi and leaves £9.99 The Pocketbook of Animal Facts & Figures Barry Kew All the information you need — at your fingertips £6.99 The Vegan Passport George Rodger. What vegans eat (and don't eat!) in 38 languages £2.99 The Vegan Travel Guide (UK 8> Southern Ireland) The Vegan Society. Places to stay; places to eat. £4.9 5

VERSE 21st Century Toys Bernie Laprade. Animal rights poems suitable for all ages. £2 99 Talking Turkeys Benjamin Zephaniah. Fun poems by the presenter of Truth or Dairy £4.99

A number of titles lack a vegan perspective but have nevertheless been included on the basis of their informativeness or practical value • Ring 01424 427393 for Vegan Society publications & merchandise catalogue • Order form opposite



Send in a photocopy (or original) of the solution to this crossword, together with your name and address, by 18 October 1999 and you'll be entered in a draw for a box of Calder Valley Fruit Soaps. Solution in the next issue. Congratulations to Christopher Savell, sender of the first correct solution to The Vegan Prize Crossword 16 to be drawn.

Prize C r o s s w o r d

Compiled by Kate Sweeney 5


Girl can ignore this popular accompaniment to Oriental meals {anag) (4,5,4) 9 Potato (colloq) (5) 10/5 Across may be the basis of this dish (7) 11 Cooks over boiling water (6) 13 Dollop (4) 15 Flower from which an essential oil is distilled (4) 17 Skin condition which may be an allergy to cows' milk (6) 20 I get all the cultivated land (anag) (7) 22 Crooked kind of macaroni (5) 25 Bitter fruit used in marmalade (7,6)


Large mushroom (4) Type of non-vegan food eg cheese (5) Sieve, strain (4) Pudding made from the milled product of durum wheat (8) 6 Head louse (3) masala, mixture of spices (5) Cajeput may be used in a steam inhaler to clear these passages (5) Most sugary (8) 12 Corn spike (3) Producer of honey (3) 16 Market stand (5) 1 7 Unclouded (honey) (5) 19 Evenly loaded (spoonful) (5) 21 May describe plucking, exports or yoghurt! (4) 23 Bread roll (3) 24 Not curds (4) 1 2 3 4

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— umoq ;asjeds zz |eatfti L£ so} oz pauoseas 61 Post code jaujujjs LI s/wajg 9L 3|Ojasse3 njoi £i !>|OU3 u puqAH 01 tuoujopje} 6 iaN 8 POOd 9 pa^aqD I — ssojdv :9L pjOMSSOO azud uefia/l dm ox uojinjos Return to: The Vegan Prize Crossword 17, T h e Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex T N 3 7 7AA, U K



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S u b total

I enclose a cheque/PO payable to 'The Vegan Society' (Eire & overseas: payment must be made by sterling International Money Order or sterling cheque drawn on a British bank) H Please debit my (delete not applicable) Visa/Mastercard/Access/Eurocard/Switch/Visa Delta/Connect card number* •

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R e t u r n to: T h e Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex T N 3 7 7AA, United K i n g d o m Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064 * Minimum order value £5.00

This form may be photocopied




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Postbag Contributions to Postbag are welcomed, but accepted on the understanding that they may be edited in the interests of brevity or clarity. Send your letters to: The Editor, Postbag, 'The Vegan', Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TNB7 7AA, UK. Fax 01424 717064.



I believe Brian Jacobs (Views Sought, Summer 1999 Postbag) should take very great care about what assumptions he makes regarding the reasons behind an individual's decision to become a vegan. Unlike him, I came to veganism for health reasons, and for my own personal reasons have a very strong antipathy towards animal rights activists. Just as there will be readers like him, I believe there will also be many readers like me. I firmly believe that the way to encourage more people to become vegan is to stress the health benefits rather than the animal welfare issues. People who are concerned about animals may be happy to fork out money for the RSPCA, CIWF etc but it is only when they consider themselves that they will be prepared to make serious changes to their lives. It is important that The Vegan can accommodate both of us. Please, keep this organisation a broad church, or it will never grow and fulfil its potential. Alison Ramage by e-mail

HE'S RIGHT I agree with Brian Jacobs. I too became a vegan because I didn't want death and suffering inflicted on animals, not because I wanted to get fit. Animal rights is by far the commonest reason for adopting the vegan diet. The Vegan needs to realise that a good deal of us are more concerned with the ins and outs of the animal protection movement than in how to grow organic leeks! If The Vegan better reflected the ethical concerns of vegans it would broaden its appeal and bring in extra revenue to continue the unarguably good work of the Vegan Society. When I get The Vegan I get the distinct impression it has been written for someone else! Dave Plews Herts




Ensuring that The Vegan appeals to a wide range of audiences and interests is somewhat challenging! W h o should The Vegan be written for? Vegan Society members — who came to veganism for ethical, health, environmental or spiritual reasons? Vegetarians? Aspiring vegans? Vegans currently 'outside' the Vegan Society? 'Established' vegans? New vegans? Mainstream vegans? Non-mainstream vegans? Younger vegans? Older v e g a n s ? . . . The views expressed on this page in response to Brian Jacobs' Summer Postbag letter are all valid; however, the 'challenge' for the Editor lies in trying to meet a multiplicity of needs, 'demands' and preferences — all competing for limited space. Yes, it probably remains the case that most readers came to veganism through the animal rights route but there are very few magazines dealing exclusively with veganism and a fair few more covering animal rights. Given the existing resource constraints, the general approach at The Vegan is to aim to publish vegan-related material that readers are unlikely to find elsewhere. R i c h a r d Farhall Editor, The Vegan, St Leonards-on-Sea Ed. Richard wins a bar of vegan nougat a day for life — but only if he promises to publish a raw food article in the near future!


The letters from Brain Jacobs and Lesley Dove (No Smoke Without Vegans?) concerned me. Animal rights activists, anti-smokers and raw fooders have their own organisations and publications. Brian says that most vegans came to be vegan because of ethical rather than health reasons. I didn't — I am vegan because I believe it is our natural diet and helps to keep us healthy. Let's just stick to veganism and develop other interests elsewhere. Alan Profitt Surrey

THEY'RE STILL SUFFERING Thank you for publishing The Vegan — it helps people to feel less isolated. I agree with Brian Jacobs about the shortage of articles on animal rights. The reality is that millions of animals are suffering every day. Surely, as vegans, we should be doing more to help animals in many different ways, not just by avoiding eating animal products? Kath Hepburn Lanes

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I agree with Brian Jacobs that there is not enough raw foodism in The Vegan. Eating raw and 'undamaged' food takes the minimum from the planet (ie no fuels being used up in preparation and no polluting by-products) to give us our nutrition. Thanks for a great mag. Polly Syred Powys


My Vegan Baby (Summer 1999 Vegan) really struck a chord. I've experienced much the same with health professionals. Tammi is so right — they do have a habit of reducing vegan mums to "idiot mode". The moment we step free from that hostile clinic our vegan thinking caps are back in place and we are the intelligent creatures we once were! To reassure other would-be vegan parents: my little boy is almost 2 and is positively glowing with health. Well done Tammi and The Vegan for touching on this issue. Melanie Richings Bucks


I read My Vegan Baby with much amusement and deja-vu. Every vegan mum must have been there. When I was expecting our first child I discovered that the hospital was offering Parent Craft classes. The first question the midwife asked was "Do we have any vegetarians?". No one raised their hand except me and when I informed her that I was a vegan her response was "A what, sorry?". I started to explain and then she told me she'd speak to me after the class. "Great," I thought, "detention!" After the class I explained to her what a vegan is and lent her Pregnancy, Children and the Vegan Diet. She returned the book a week later and said she was absolutely dumbfounded and had learned something new. Sandra O'Donovan Galway


CLASSIFIED shopping/eating out nearby, 0121 688 6709;

B U X T O N Culture & countryside; Opera

Readers are asked to note that advertisers in The Vegan may also offer non-vegan products and services.


House and National Park; Glenwood Vegan & Vegetarian Guest House. Comfortable,

Y O R K Vegetarian/Vegan wholefood, n o n -

spacious, non-smoking; children welcome.

smoking B&B. Comfortable en-suite

Tel 01298 77690.

accommodation. 10 mins walk centre. £18.

D E V O N (Lydford). S/C for N/S visitors at

Mrs Moore, 21 Park Grove, York. 01904

VEGFAM's H Q . SAE to: 'The Sanctuary', Nr


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ISLE O F W I G H T Quality and luxury selfcatering bungalow. Sleeps 5 adults plus juniors. BAR CAFE VENUE 50-60 K i n g S t r e e t G l a s g o w G1 5 Q T 0141 553 1638 Come along to The 13th Note and experience our delicious home-cooking. There is a 10% discount on food bill for all Vegan Society members. The 13th Note cafe is completely animal/dairy free and is therefore suitable for both vegans and vegetarians.

SAE to "Divya-Krupa", Kemming Road, Whitewell, P 0 3 8 2QT. N O R F O L K C O U N T R Y S I D E Charming country hotel Dereham/Swaffham, 20 mins


Norwich. Elegant en-suite rooms, superb cuisine including vegetarian and vegan choice. Greenbanks, Wcndling. Tel 01362 687742. N O R T H Y O R K S H I R E Comfortable, homely, exclusively vegetarian/vegan B&B

O p e n i n g hrs: N o o n - 1 1 . 4 5 p m Food served n o o n - 7 p m


5 p.p. at Prospect Cottage situated in

Ingleton village. Wonderful walking country. Tel 015242


W I N D M I L L R E S T A U R A N T 486 Fulham

O R G A N I C B&B South Devon. Vegan,

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vegetarian/vegan restaurant and takeaway

iridologist/nutritionist. Colour brochure.

serving only good food made on our premises.

Tel/Fax Totnes 01803

N o additives, just warm, friendly service. Open

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Mon-Sat 1 lam-11pm. Saturday breakfasts,

holiday lettings, sleeps 8, on vegan-organic

lunches, evening meals. Join us sometime.

farm. North Wales, scenic Snowdonia, among

Final copy date for Winter 1999: 18 October

walking, boating, relaxing. Tel: 01244 819088. S T IVES Cornwall. Vegan guest house. Close to beaches and picturesque harbour. En-suite


ANIMAL CARE VEGAN CATS! Animal-free supplement for home-made recipes. In use since 1986. SAE:

rooms. Self-catering apartment also available. St Judes, St Ives Road, Carbis Bay, St Ives, Cornwall T R 2 6 2SF. Tel. 01736


inexpensive coffins, memorial tree-planting.

S C O T L A N D Achnagonalin House vegan &

Please send £1 in unused stamps with A5 size

vegetarian B&B. Peaceful & secluded

SAE to Box 328.

Speyside. Families welcome. In-house holistic



House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East

VEGAN B O D Y B U I L D I N G is possible.

S N O W D O N I A Old Rectory Hotel,

Sussex TN37 7AA, UK.

Muscles without meat. Prove a point. Free

Maentwrog, 01766 590305. Three acre


membership help/advice & contacts.

riverside garden. Main house/budget

W B B , 17 Ingle wood Road, Rainford, St

annexe/s.c. cottage. All en-suite. Informal

P u m p k i n s i s sifuafed in f h e K e a r f of H a c k n e y , w h e r e y o u c a n en^oy c o f f e e a n d c a k e s , a K g M snack,or a d e R c i o u s meaf f r o m our m e n u or daify s p e c i a l s board.




'Enjoy our VeganA'egetarian "sunshine" breakfast and relax in our cozy Victorian Cjuest Mouse. Minutes walk from town, beaches and coastal walks. Tree parking, non-smoking, families welcome. 'Ring Manya + David 01736 79899$.

WEST CORNWALL Exclusively Vegetarian and Vegan Bed & Breakfast Spacious detached house with spectacular v i e w s across open countryside to the sea. Close to village and picturesque Mullion Cove. R u g g e d coastline and beautiful beaches five minutes away. C o m f o r t a b l e rooms with showers a n d wash basins. W h o l e s o m e and satisfying meals. Optional evening meal. W a r m , friendly, family atmosphere. Non-smoking. Open all year.

Lanherne Meaver Road, Mullion, Helston, Cornwall T R 1 2 7DN

j ^^{i/OOdjGOw rf^fT'g / y^PfwQl

Helens, Lanes WA11 7QL. SAE

atmosphere, home cooking, vegan & Italian


menu. Reduced 2 + nights. Dogs welcome.


cottage. T w o acre peaceful secluded riverside

B A N G O R - O N - D E E Welsh Borderlands

woodland garden. En-suite double room.

S O U T H W E S T S C O T L A N D cosy country

c a f e - c o f f e e shop.

CjuestJiouse Cornwall

therapies & courses available. Enquiries 01479

Vegecat, The Vegan Society, Donald Watson


garlands Stives


forests and reservoirs. Ideal for cycling,


Final copy date for Winter 1999: 18 O c t o b e r

vegan B&B. Organic food, en-suite shower

Non-smoking. Exclusively vegan/vegetarian

rooms, TV, video, coffee, non-smoking,

B&B. Ideal for walking, cycling, exploring.

carpet-free, dogs welcome. Tel/Fax 01978 W H I T B Y B&B. Vegan/Vegetarian. Organic B R I S T O L Arches Hotel for vegan &

bread, meusli etc. Quiet location, seven

vegetarian B&B. Colour TV and beverage

minutes walk from centre and harbour.

making in rooms. Some en-suites. N O N -

Lounge and sunny breakfast room. Parking

SMOKING. Close to central stations.

near house. Tea-making facilities. £\ 6 (plus

Discount to Vegan Society members at

child reductions). Tel 01947 603507.

weekends. Tel 0117 924 7398. email:


http://wuw. archeshotel. demon, co. uk.

cobbled street, excellent facilities, vegan

Quiet Country Hotel overlooking beautiful tidal estuary and bird sanctuary.

Britain's oldest vegetarian/vegan hotel stands in its own grounds close to beaches and unspoilt coastal walks. 'Woodcote', The Saltings, Lelant, St Ives, Cornwall Tel. 01736 753147


LIZARD PENINSULA T H E C R O F T . Lowland Lane. Coverack, Cornwall T R 1 2 6 T F Offers magnificent sea views from all rooms. Terraced garden bordered by S.W. Coastal Footpath, stream and cliff edge. Sandy Beach. Exclusively vegan/vegetarian & non-smoking. Home cooking, including the bread! Twin en-suite accommodation. Lift. OS ref: SW 783187 For brochure telephone/fax

sleeping 5, North Yorkshire Coast, quiet




1 999



The Old Post Office Llanigon,

Castle Acre, Norfolk Vegan B&B

IMPORTANT Final copy date for Winter 1999: 18 O c t o b e r



E x c l u s i v e l y V e g a n & V e g e B&'B in o u r large 1 8 t h c e n t u r y h o m e adjacent t o t h e castle r u i n s in picturesque medieval conservation village. V e g a n e v e n i n g meals a speciality! F r o m £ 1 6 . 5 0 p p p n . Phone Jon or Claire for details on


A IMPORTANT Final copy date for Winter 1999: 18 O c t o b e r

PERTHSHIRE Glenrannoch House Vegetarian/ Vegan

Vegetarian/vegan B&B, delightful country house accommodation. Situated in Beatrix Potter's picturesque village with its olde worldc inn, 2 miles from Hawkshead, Lake Windermere (car ferry) 2 miles. Delicious breakfast, lovely bedrooms. Superb


Relax in our spacious comfortable house overlooking Loch Rannoch and Schiehallion. Log fires, own organic producc. Homemade organic breads, special diets catered for. Brochure. Richard or Margaret Legate. Glenrannoch House, Kmloch Rannoch, Perthshire PH16 5QA

Tel 01882 632307




Charming Victorian guest house with every comfort. Ideally located for town and fell walks. Lovely rooms, some en-suite & with mountain views. Tempting and plentiful breakfasts * 100% Vegetarian and Vegan * * Christmas & Millennium Packages * Eden Green Vegetarian Guest House.

Telephone: 017687 72077



Comfortable Edwardian guest house with spectacular views across Porlock Bay and set in the heart of Exmoor's wild heather moorland. Delicious traditional vegetarian and vegan cuisine. Fine wines. Log fires. Candlelit dinners. Luxurious bedrooms, all en-suite. ETB 2 crowns Highly commended AA 3Q Recommended 2 day break Nov-Feb incl ' £49 pp/DB&B Christine Fitzgerald, Seapoint, Upway, Porlock, Somerset TA24 8QE

Tel: 01643 862289

BED & BREAKFAST (Ail rooms en-suite) Non smoking (Dinner available on request) 5 minutes walk to sandy beaches & town



John & Mary Anderson Tel (01983) 8 6 2 5 0 7 or Fax 862326

S e d g w i c k . Kendal. C u m b r i a . LA8 0 J P 2 Rooms. 4 miles south of Kendal. South Lakes. Strictly no smoking. Children very welcome. Good local walks & marvellous vegan food!


by vegans.

holidays for tun


ideal for exploring

Help-untkfood, provided.

Sussex. Phone




Paskins Town


Come and enjoy wai the flair and style 3 Brighton. Tranquillyjj Marine Parade, in Europe's most f conservation areas. Paskins memories of a more gracious age. Vegans will particularly appreciate the varied and imaginative cuisine using organic and farm-fresh local produce.

Tel: 01273-601 203 Fax: 01273-621 973


Final copy date for Winter 1999: 18 October

HOLIDAYS ABROAD C E V E N N E N S / F R A N C E Mountainside, bio-vegan gardens and food. Cottages s/catcring or half board. Contact: Zengaffinen Rabies, F-48240 St Pnvat-dc-Vallonguc. Tel: (00 33) 4 66 45 01 27. KERALA. S O U T H INDIA. A vegan's paradise. Range of accommodation including self-catcring. Brochurc: tel: 01892 722440. tel/fax: 01892 72491.1, e-mail:



in the heart of the Highlands

M o u t h w a t e r i n g v e g a n cuisine (vegetarian and traditional also a v a i l a b l e ) at o u r h o u s e on the hill, with its breathtaking v i e w s o f the C a i r n g o r m M o u n t a i n s . W i n n e r o f T h e V e g e t a r i a n M e n u o f the Year ' H i g h l y C o m m e n d e d ' a w a r d . N o n - s m o k i n g S T B 3 C r o w n s Highly C o m m e n d e d . F o r b r o c h u r e call J a n at B o a t o f G a r t e n T e l : (01479) 8 3 1 6 1 4


Magical picturesque, kuJt








A very special, distinctly different, 17th century listed bouse at the fool of the Black Mountains. Only two miles from the famous book town of Hay-on-Wye. Separate guests sitting room, lovely bedrooms ir relaxed atmosphere. Exclusively vegetarian/vegan. From Tel: 01491 820008 £17 pp



7 " A e Old West

/ V Cornwall f X j " TR26 I J \ — Voted Best Vegan Guest House 1998/9 — Beautiful eco-renovaled Victorian House. Ocean views, peaceful, minutes from shops, beaches and picturesque harbour. 100% animal-free, highly nutritious and delicious, organic food. Special diets catered for. Children welcome. From £18 per night. Discounts for Vegan Society members. For brochure/bookings call Simon: 01736 793 895




Vegan Guest H o u s e 3 Richmond Place

f ' I

EXMOOR LODGE 01643 831694

Get away from rt all in the beautiful countryside of Exmoor, ideal for walking. Freshly prepared vegan food. Non-smoking. Most rooms en-suite. Telephone Nigel for colour brochure. uk. M O J A C A R , unspoilt Almcria, Spain. O n the beach two Apartments each with 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, two-storey small complcx, guitar-shaped pool. Available all year round. Tel 0181 866 6804. M O R O C C O House/Apartments to let in


walled city of Tarondannt closc to High Adas



Final copy date for Winter 1999: 18 O c t o b e r

(Sleeps 4 plus baby)

and Anti-Atlas Mountains. High standard kitchens and bathrooms. Spacious, traditional decorations and furnishings. Ideal for families or groups. Reasonable rates. Brochure.




Fern Tor

Vegetarian & Vegan Guest House

Ideal for exploring Exmoor, North & Mid-Devon. En-suite non-smoking rooms. Cordon Vert Host. Children and pels welcome, as long as our rescued animals are respecled. Bargain Breaks Available. Fern Tor, Meshaw, South Moiton, Devon EX364NA Tel/Fax: 01769 550339





WILDLIFE HOTEL Open all year round Licensed. 100% non-meat. Small friendly hotel. (Exclusively vegan/vegetarian. Special diets catered for — all freshly made.) N o smoking throughout. Situated two minutes from the sea. Near all the attractions. Parking available. 39 W o o d f i e l d R o a d , B l a c k p o o l FY1 6 A X . T e l . 01253 346143.

1 999

ASHDO Abundant wildli surrounds this cottage in rural East Sussex; ideal for walkij relaxing; or longer exclusively v< vegetarian B & Non smoking, ( facilities, guest loui



Final copy date for Winter 1999: 18 October

Tel/Fax: 01267 241999 or e-mail




Member of the Vegetarian Society Food and Drink Guild




A New C o n c e p t


Yegr fa lr*>l«nd.

Cussens Outage Vegan Vegetarian Guest House House Party Atmosphere All nioms ensuite with Remote control TV. Tea & Coffee making facilities in moms. No smoking. No Children. No Pets. B&B plus dinner for four days &275 per couple. For details Tel/Fax Ita 00353 63 98926 E-mail: cussenscottage(atinet-ie Website hnp:.-tK»'_cussenscixage

Open all year

of non-secular c o m m i t m e n t


t h e s a n c t i t y o f a n i m a l life

Watchwords: Conscience » C o m p a s s i o n Spiritual Vegans K e n t House, K e n t Place. L e c h l a d e , G l o s GV7



of their veganism. c/o 59 Chapel Road,

PYRENEES Vegan NS B&B in 102-year-old

Ramsgate, KentCTIl OBS. Tel01843 589010.

stone farmhouse. From Spring 1999: En-suite £75 pppw/Non en-suite £65 or £61) pppw. (Evening meal including organic wine £6.(X)). Trevor + Sue, Le Guerrat, 09420 Rimont, France.


Spot colour (green): £5.00 C O N T A C T C E N T R E is a caring, so low fees friendship agency, quite different from all others catering exclusively for vegans and vegetarians both in Britain and abroad for any purposes. C O N T A C T C E N T R E enables you to choose friend(s) from detailed adverts and/or to write an advert yourself without disclosing your name and address. C O N T A C T C E N T R E gives full scope to your individual wishes; you don't even have to complete a form. Instead a friendly ear is lent to every member. As we cannot tell all in this advertisement, please write for membership details from:


Display (non-classified boxed) & Inserts Please ring for a rate card. Advertising Manager: Jenny Sawyer

PAYMENT Pre-payment please by cheque or postal order made payable to 'The Vegan.Society', or by credit/debit card. Eire and overseas: Payment must be by sterling cheque drawn on an British bank, by sterling International Money Order, or by credit card. PUBLICATION DATES


March, June. September. December


BCM Cuddle, London WC1V 6XX enclosing an SAE and stating your gender

COPY DATES 25 Jan, 25 April. 25 July, 18 October C O N D I T I O N S OF ACCEPTANCE

Tel 05-61-96-37-03 (eves).


WEST CORK Self-catering apartments for

AHIMSA. Quarterly magazine of the

satisfying the condition that the products

singles, couples and families in peaceful

American Vegan Society. Veganism, Natural

advertised are entirely free from ingredients

wooded surroundings. Organic vegetables,

Living, Reverence for Life. Calendar Year

derived from animals; that neither products

bread and vegan wholefoods available.

subscription £12. Address: PO Box H, Malaga,

nor ingredients have been tested on animals;

Reasonable rates. Green Lodge,

NJ 08328, USA.

and that the content of such ads docs not

Trawnamadree, Ballylickey, Bantry, Co Cork


promote, or appear to promote, the use of

£3.00 inc p&p, cheques payable to Peter

non-vegan commodities. Books, records, tapes

Mason, 30 Wynter Street, London SW11 2TZ.

etc. mentioned in advertisements should not


Advertisements are accepted subject to their

contain any material contrary to vegan


principles. Advertisements may be accepted

PROPERTY W A N T E D Couple seeking to

from catering establishments that are not run

HELP O U R SANCTUARY by purchasing

buy vegan/veggie guest house. Any location

on exclusively vegan lines, provided that vegan

Christmas cards featuring rescued animals.

considered. Tel: Debbie or Mark 0115 967

meals are available and that the wording of

£1.75 per pack of 5 (pigs or horses); £2 per


such ads reflects this.

pack of 5 (beagles) plus 30p p&p per pack.

ASAP Long-term accommodation in Lake

The submission of an advertisement is deemed

Newsletter/Sales goods list on request.

District for female (29) with four cats. Must be

to warrant that the advertisement does not

Freshfields Animal Rescue Centre, East Lane,

in quiet location. Non-sharing cottage/mobile

contravene any Act of Parliament, nor is it in

Ince Blundell, Liverpool L29 3EA. 0151 931

home. Also need full-time work. Have done

any other way illegal or defamatory or an


factory, shop, cat sanctuary. Driving licence,

infringement of any other party's rights or an

basic food, hygiene and first aid certificates.

infringement of the British Code of



Box 509.

EDEN FELLOWSHIP vegan Christians,

Advertising Practice. The Vegan Society reserves the right to refuse

bible-based Christians offering support &


friendship to Christians feeling isolated because

All prices inclusive of VAT

Although every care is taken, the Vegan

Loyalty discount (repeat advertising): 10%

Society cannot accept liability for any loss or

Series prepayment discount (4 issues): 20%

inconvenience incurred as a result of errors in


or withdraw any advertisement.

Box No: (per insertion) £2.40 extra

the wording, or the late or non-appearance of


an advertisement.

Commercial: £7.92 for 20 words (minimum) Additional words: 47p each


Non-commercial: £5.41 for 20 words (minimum)

Funds are available to help y o u n g vegetarians/vegans, u p to the age of 25, w h o are in need and to educate young people in the principles of vegetarianism.

Additional words: 29p each Copy of Vegan in which ad appears: £1.95 Semi-display (boxed) Commercial: £8.50 per single column



When replying to a box number address your envelope as follows: Box No. , The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.

Non-commercial: £5.80 per single column centimetre



T h e Grants Secretary,

Typesetting: £5.00 Graphic scanning: £5.00


14 Winters Lane O t t e r y St Mary EX11 1AR


W h e n replying to an advertisement please m e n t i o n that you saw it in THE


Final copy date for Winter 1999: 18 October




1 999

Supports the Vegan Society

sunflower i

RESULTS March 1999 1st 346

Cash prizes every month

l o t t e r } ^ ^ "

T h e Sunflower Lottery M o w s you to make regular donations to the V e g a n 5 o d e t y and stand the chance'of winning cash prizes every month.

There's more Every year, the winners of the preceding 12 monthly sunflower lotteries are entered into a 'Super' Sunflower Lottery for a chance to win £100.

H o w it works Every m o n t h three cash prizes - comprising 50% of that month's entry money - are drawn. A monthly entry is £1.50 but you can pay for as many entries as you choose. The draw takes place on the last working day of the month. A list of the winners is published in The Vegan.

To enter Fill out the form below and return it with your remittance for 3, 6 or 12 months as required. Don't worry about forgetting to renew - you'll be reminded in good time. Good luck!



Address Postcode

Please enter me for: 1 entry for 3 months @ £4.50D 6 months @ £9.00 •


12 months @ £18 •

o r D entries f o r D months@£ 2 entries for 3 months @ £9.00 • 6 months @ £18.00 • 12 months @ £36.00 • • I enclose a cheque/PO payable to 'The Vegan Society' for £ • Please debit my Visa/Mastercard/Access/Eurocard/Switch/Visa Delta/Connect Card N u m b e r n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n

Name on card




Today's date

switch issue

N o n a

• • • • • •

Return to: The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064

Participation is restricted to those residing in the United Kingdom

CLASSIFIED ORDER FORM Please insert this ad in the next 1 6 11 16 21 26 31 36


issue/s of The Vegan under the heading

2 7 12 17 22 27 32 37


3 8 13 18 23 28 33 43

5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40

9 14 19 24 29 34 39

Please tick as applicable: I

I Box number

Q Loyalty discount (repeat advertising)

[ ] Copy of The Vegan in which my ad will appear

The total payment due (see Rates and Conditions) is £

I 11 enclose a cheque/PO payable to 'The Vegan Society' ('fine & overseas payment most be made by sterling International Money Order or sterling cheque drawn on a British ba •

Please debit my Visa/Mastercard/Access/Eurocard/Switch/Visa Delta/Connect card number*

Name on card

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •


Start d a t e • • • •

Expiry date • • •


Today's date • • • • • •

Switch issue no. •

Address Post code


Return to: Jenny Sawyer, The Vegan, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064 * Minimum order value £5.00 Thisform maybe photocopied




1 999

VEGAN VILLAGER A website listing hundreds of vegan companies and contacts. Vote with your wallet! Support vegan companies.


Phone 0 8 0 0 458 4442 for your free c a t a l o g u e of animal free s h o e s & clothes


A unique n a t u r a l product containing extracts of 20 herbs, roots and b a r k s . Available from your local health shop or direct from:



P h o n e for o u r c a t a l o g u e of products from around the world including incense, essential oils, h e n n a , toothpaste, soaps and saffron, or order direct from our website.



Vegetarian Bistro

Friendly food, relaxed staff, tasty atmosphere! visit our website far details af aur special vegan gourmet evenings r






Stafion Parade




01423 566122



An exclusive range of Vegan perfumes, skin care, toiletries and Men's requisites based on pure essential oils, herbal extracts, floral waters and vegetable oils. Ail products are carefully blended from safe, long established Vegan ingredients and a fixed cut off-date of 1976 applies. Send S.A.E. for catalogue (including information on our new Moisturising Body Wash and Deodorants) or send £14.95 for a boxed set of ten trial size perfumes (an ideal gift). Cheques/postal orders to be made payable to DOLMA. Full information on our perfume range also available on our website at Dolma, 19 Royce Avenue, Hucknall, Nottingham, NG15 6FU dolma a



\ --;

Voted Best Restaurant/Cafe catering for vegans in The Vegan Readers' Awards 1997 New extended opening hours - details on our website at w w w . v e g a n v i l l a g e . c o . u k / s a l a m a n d e r 23-25 Heathcoate St, Hockley, Nottingham, NG1 3 A G tel 0 1 1 5 941 0 7 1 0 e m a i l s a l a m a n d e r @ v e g a n v i l l a g e . c o . u k


your o w n delicious,


protein f o o d as do millions o f Indonesians every day. I t M P f t t is the ultimate pure convenience f o o d ,


I versatile in the kitchen and produced for a f e w pence a pound. 0 k








comprehensive illustrated instruction/recipe b o o k . All

LJhi t^c info you'll ever

need on w e b p a g e or send £ 1 0 to:

1 ^ Middle Iravefly, Beau i I ay, Knighton, Powyl LD7 lUW


polly© Imaner House . 14 Wynford Grove . Leeds . L516 6JL . 0113 293 9 3 8 5

A selection front the Dr Hadwen t's VFnAlSJ and CRUF.T TY-FRFF Trust's VEGAN and CRUELTY-FREE Christmas range.

Dr Hadwen Trust i

Humanity in Research I Humanity

A | bout the Dr Hadwen Trust... The Dr Hadwen Trust works to find alternatives to animal experiments.

1. C h a m p a g n e L i q u e r s (670g) Pop open a bottle of bubbly with a difference this Millennium! Cork-shaped chocolates bursting with the delicate elegance of champagne liqueur. An excellent gift to celebrate the year 2000. Completely vegan £6.99.

2. Standard Assortment (225g) The best in vegan chocolates. An irresistible selection of mouth-melting favourites, including Apricot Fourre, Orange Marzipan and Butterscotch Creme, in a white ballotin gift box. £5.69. 4. Millennium Fudge (150g) More than a match for dairy cream fudge! Creamy, sweet and a vegan treat to eat. Comes in special Millennium gift box. £2.99

3. H a d w e n M a g i c selection (11b) This box has all you'd want - rich, dark vegan chocolates with the most heavenly centres, in a gold foil decorated presentation box. Hadwen Magic! £14.40. 5. C h o c o l a t e Dipped Honeycomb Bubbly honeycomb bursting with flavour dipped in rich dark chocolate - sheer bliss. Comes in keepsake Boutique jar. Totally animalfree and bee-free. Just £3.85.



In Britain alone over 21/2 million animals are used in experiments every year. These include cats, dogs, rabbits, monkeys and mice. In contrast our research into cancer, diabetes, heart disease, dementia and other illnesses doesn't cause a single animal to suffer. By finding superior, nonanimal alternatives we can save animals from experiments. By, making a purchase or simply sending a donation, your support will contribute directly to our wholly positive work.

Millennium Christmas Cat. 6 cards (6" x 41/4"), recycled, for £1.95.


on 01462


or send the coupon below to: Dr Hadwen Trust, F R E E P O S T SG335, Hitchin, S G 5 2 B R [ [

] Please send me a catalogue and info about the Dr Hadwen Trust. ] I w o u l d like to order: Qty. Total

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

C h a m p a g n e Liquers S t a n d a r d Assortment H a d w e n Magic Selection Millennium Fudge Chocolate-dipped Honeycomb Millennium Christmas Cat Cards

£6.99 £5.69 £14.40 £2.99 £3.85 £1.95

Donation for Postage Total

[ ] I would like to make a donation to the Dr Hadwen Trust's non-animal research of £ I enclose a cheque/PO made out to "Dr Hadwen Trust" for £ Name

.Total Address


Dr Hadwen Trust Trading Ltd (company number 3273710, VAT registration number 700484760) is wholly owned by the Dr Hadwen Trust for Humane Research (registered charity 261096), and trades only to raise funds for its parent charity's objectives.

The Vegan Autumn 1999  

The magazine of The Vegan Society