Page 1

The magazine of the Vegan Society

overseas aid vegan style

a purrfect



WELCOME Since I last plopped on to your door mat I've been helping counter two accusations commonly trotted out by serious (and not-so-serious) 'vegan knockers'. Firstly, vegans simply don't care about people; secondly, a vegan diet is nutritionally suspect and likely to result in a feeble body (a feeble mind to have made the vegan-turning decision probably being taken for granted!).

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8 SHOPAROUND Goodies galore

10 CATS GO VEGAN! Meat-free pussies

12 CAN A VEGAN DIET CURE DIABETES? Encouraging results

Although we can justly argue that a vegan diet is of equal benefit to humans — not passing plant food through animals is a more efficient use of scarce resources; vegans are less likely to suffer certain diseases associated with high-(saturated) fat, low fibre diets; vegan agriculture is much less polluting than organic and chemically-driven systems etc — the detractor is likely to possess the 'all vegans love animals and hate people' stereotypical image and will reason that the human-friendly credentials you have described are merely 'incidental'. The difficulty is that since most people still go vegan out of empathy for suffering animals, and (sadly) people-hating vegans actually exist, protestations that you also support human rights may be unpersuasive. Partly to strengthen my hand in such situations, I've become a trustee of a charity for the visually impaired and member of the local Community Health Council (NHS watchdog). Similarly, after a 10-year break, I'm running half-marathons again. Athletic endeavour convincingly demonstrates, without having to wheel out 'unglamorous' nutritional facts, the 'adequacy' of a vegan diet. We need more vegan sporting achievers — Sally Eastalls (marathon runner), John Boyces (power lifter) and Judith Shakeshafts (cross country cyclist). If you're fortunate enough to be physically capable of participating in a suitable sport, just do it! You'll be doing the promotion of veganism a very valuable service indeed.

Richard Far hall Editor Editor Richard Farhall Design and production by Taylor McKenzie Printed by KSC Printers Ltd on G Offset (chlorine-free paper made principally from sawmill waste, veneer production residue and diseased/damaged trees) Advertising Manager Jenny Sawyer


14 ONLY HEMP CAN SAVE US NOW Truly a wonder plant

15 THE VEGAN OXFAM Overseas aid — vegan-style 16 YOUNG VEGANS Tell us what you really really want!

17 MEGAN THE VEGAN Too close for comfort 18 LIVING VEGANISM Vegan musings 19 AUTUMNAL FEASTS Chill-beaters 22 ONE IN A CROWD It can be done


24 GROW VEGAN Let's get fertile


n Cover photograph: 'Stimpy'

Chief Illustrator Suzanne Whitelock Publication Date March,June, September, December Copy Date 25 January, 25 April, 25 July, 18 October ISSN 0307-4811 Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064

27 POSTBAG Let's be hearing from you




32 CLASSIFIED by Jenny


© The Vegan Society The views expressed in The Vegan do not necessarily reflect those of the Editor or of the Vegan Society Council. Nothing printed should be construed to be Vegan Society policy unless so stated. The Society accepts no liability for any matter in the magazine. The acceptance of advertisements (including inserts) does not imply endorsement. The inclusion of product information should not be construed as constituting official Vegan Society approval for the product, its intended use, or its manufacturer/distributor. Contributions intended for publication are welcomed, but unsolicited materials will not be returned unless accompanied by an SAE.




1997 t

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Protc ntses that mals legally-binding Protocol commits the Eurocean Corrwinunity a id its

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Vler-bers States to "pay full regard to the welfare requirements of ants'' .vhen formulat - g and implentinq Community policies on , transport research and FnaUMTetl

For information about the Raw Food Centre (11 Woodrow CI, Perivale, London) contact:

an Society office will be dosed for the festive break 25.12.97-1.1.98. Thieves took 27 hives worth £4000, containing about 2.5m bees and a large quantity of honey, at Belley Moor, Derbyshire. Police are investigating possible links with the estimated 8 0 % wipe-out of bees in Kent due to the varroa parasite. Independent, 17.9.97 ice for Keith Mann ign has moved to: PO Box 3690. Bracknell, Berks RG128NW. A n anti-vivisection vegan camp has been set up at Huntingdon Life Sciences, Wooley, Huntingdon, Cambs. For information about Camp Rena ring: 01223 311828, 01832 293469, 0589 026435 (camp mobile).




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The speciality cheese-producing Long Clawson Dairy, Leics, is set to become the first major dairy firm to join the RSPCA's Freedom Food scheme. Farmers Weekly, 19.9.97 A study commissioned by the French agricultural ministry found significa levels of dioxin in 19 out of 40 dairy product samples taken in Pas-deCalais. Most showed dioxin levels just below or just over the Council of Europe 1 picogram per gram of fat limit. Independent, 16.9.97



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V e g a n readers can claim a £1.50 discount


off any ticket for The Adventures

of Robin

Hood - starring W e n d y Turner, Gary W e b s t e r a n d Otis t h e Aardvark - 19 December 1997 t o 11 J a n u a r y 1998 at: The

Cambridge Com Exchange, Wheeler St, Cambridge CB2 3QB 01223 3578S1. Simply state t h a t y o u read The Vegan

'CALL TO ARMS' T h e H o u s e o f C o m m o n s is due to d e bate and vote o n the Second Reading o f the W i l d Mammals (Hunting with Dogs) Bill — p u t forward by Michael Foster, Labour M P for Worcester — o n Friday 2 8 N o v e m b e r . If the R e a d i n g is successful the Bill could be o n the statute books within 18 months. Spokesperson for the Campaign for the Protection of H u n t e d Animals

BONES OF CONTENTION (LACS, R S P C A & IFAW) c o m ments: This is the best chancefor many years to end hunting with dogs and there has to he an overwhelming majority of MPs in favour of the Billfor it to have a chance of being allocated enough parliamentary time. Y o u can write to you M P at: House of Commons, London SW1A 2AA. CPHA press release

If you're lucky e n o u g h to be living in the N o r t h Yorkshire villages of Marsett, Stalling Busk, Boltby, Buckden, Chapel-le-Dale, Oughtershaw, Scar House, Starbotton, Hawkswick or Airton, you will not be pleased to leam that the water supplied to you by Yorkshire Water has been filtered through carbonised cattle bones (known as

McLIBEL VICTORY Despite overwhelming odds, on 19 June 1997, Mr Justice Bell, in his personal verdict in the record-breaking McLibel Trial, ruled that substantial and significant parts of the 1986 six-sided London Greenpeace factsheet criticising McDonald's had been proved true by Defendants, Helen Steel and Dave Morris. The judge found as a fact that McDonald's "exploit children" through their advertising, that they are "culpably responsible" for cruelty to animals, and that the company is anti-union and pays such low wages that it helps to depress the already low wages in the catering industry even further. Mr Justice Bell also found that McDonald's food was "high in fat and saturated fat and animal products and sodium" and that "advertisements, promotions and booklets have pretended to a positive nutritional benefit which McDonald's food . . . did not match". Watch this space for details of McLibel— Two Worlds Collide, the 55 minute video documentary of 'the trial of the century'. Comprehensive information about the case and McDonald's can be found at:

McLibel Support Campaign press releases

1997 t


Brimac). Plans are afoot to extend the process to Fossdale, Aysgarth, Crumma, Newsholme, Coalsgarth and Rudland. The bones are imported from India and Pakistan because, according to Yorkshire Water's Project Manager, Jefiny Rankine, "Bones from India are dryer and of a different quality to bones from European countries." The bones are converted by Tate & Lyle Process Technology at its Greenock plant. Yorkshire Water can be contacted at: West Riding Hse, 67 Albion St, Leeds LSI 5AA 0113 244 8201. New Civil Engineer, 7-14.8.97 Personal correspondence

PROTECTIVE PHYTOESTROGENS Researchers at the Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre in Perth, Western Australia believe that soya products, fruit, vegetables and flax seed may ward off breast cancer and that the phytoestrogens contained in such foods may be the strongest protective factor yet discovered against the disease — with the ability to reduce the risk of breast cancer up to fourfold. 144 women with newly diagnosed breast cancer were interviewed and compared with the same number of controls. The researchers tested their urine for a range of phytoestrogens and similar compounds (lignans) and found high levels were associated with a substantial reduction in risk of the disease. Independent, 3.10.97


operating within 12 months and will generate electricity for the National Grid and surrounding area. The European Union is providing 50% of the finance. Holsworthy has one of the highest cattle populations in Britain, having 29 000 dairy cows within a 7-mile radius. With each cow producing 40 litres of slurry a day, farmers have to deal with the storage and disposal of 440 million litres annually. The plant will need around 300 000 litres a day to produce the methane needed to drive the steam turbines. Independent, 17.9.97

The deadline for the return of ticket stubs for the Vegan Society's Giant Sunflower Raffle is Wednesday 12 November. So, if you fancy £1000 in your pocket, or a week for two at Taigh na Mara, or even a vegan food hamper, don't delay! And don't forget that if you send in at least £50 in ticket sales/donations you'll earn yourself a signed copy of Wendy Turner's new Absolutely AnimalFree Cookbook! Send your stubs and monies to: The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Rd, St Leonards-onSea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.


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V e g a n Nutr'rtionals. W i t h o u t supplementation, 8 0 % of Ireland's dairy cows w o u l d be deficient in copper, selenium or iodine. Dairy Farmer, 1.7.97 The Dr H a d w e n Trust has a w a r d e d £20 000 t o the UK's first national

and study human tissue rather than using animals. Dr Hadwen

Trust News


7.7.97 The Pagan Animal Rights Network

Interested in a week's camping holiday, with other vegans in the Scottish Highlands, in early


The number of vegans is small,


but their cause and clarity of purpose is just. James Erlichman, Daily Mail, 7.10.97 Blood and pus are significant components of the milk we drink because mastitis (a cripplingly painful inflammation through the dairy herd: between

A 58-year-old man collapsed

of the udder) is rampaging

after eating 10 sausages in 20

30 and 35 cases per hundred cows are

minutes at a doctor's party. Dr

recorded every year.

Justin Stebbin, f r o m George's

George Monbiot, Guardian 9.7.97 Data collected as part of a recent MAFF-funded vegetarians suggested that approximately

Hospital, London said he was probably affected by t h e high ni-

survey of the diets of

2% of the population

t r a t e content of t h e sausages (ni-


trates are converted into

Great Britain aged 15 and over are vegetarian, a further 3% consider

methaemoglobin, w h i c h displaces oxygen in t h e blood).

themselves to be vegetarian but also eat fish, and 0.3% are vegan.

You Can Help

Everett Healthcare, Green People Co, Hemp Collective, Kobashi,

Rd, Brockley, London SE4 1NU.

In my view, true vegetarians are saints. These are the vegans who

refuse to eat any animal products...

mark on registered products: Allergycare, Escential Botanicals,

may be contacted at: 110 Geoffrey

AHEM... •

V e g a n Society to use its trade

it easier for scientists t o obtain

The latest report by the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food and Nutrition Policy (COMA) produced a wave of disbelief throughout the meat industry in September with the recommendation, based on a two-

About 60 farmers are backing a project to build a slurry-powered biogas plant on an industrial estate in Holsworthy, north Devon. The 1.5 megawatt plant is expected to start

cently been authorised by the

tissue bank for research — making



The following companies have re-

Daily Telegraph,

Jeff Rooker, Minister of State (MAFF), Hansard, 10.6.97

T h e V e g a n S o c i e t y w o u l d like y o u r h e l p p r e p a r i n g

its new Vegan Travel Guide (UK and Southern

I r e l a n d ) . If y o u k n o w o f a n y h o t e l s , g u e s t h o u s e s , B8rBs, r e s t a u r a n t s , cafes, p u b s , c l u b s o r t a k e a w a y s that cater f o r vegans please send their names a n d addresses to: Jenny Sawyer, The Vegan Society, Donald House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, Sussex TN37 7AA.

Watson East


Australians have been w a r n e d against eating undercooked

M o r e sheep than people — t h e t o p five countries (sheep/person):

g a m e meat, including kangaroo

Falkland Islands New Zealand Uruguay Australia Mongolia

ered w h a t could be a n e w para-

339.93 14.60 8.25 7.70 6.80

and wallaby, after doctors discovsite spread t o humans. A parasite had been f o u n d in a Tasmanian man, a big eater of such meats, w h o suffered severe muscle weakness. Independent,

Men's Health, October 1997






If y o u ' r e a n o n - p r o f e s s i o n a l v e g a n c o o k a n d e n j o y c o o k i n g f o r o t h e r s , C h a n n e l 4 ' s TV Dinners


love to hear f r o m you. C o n t a c t : Ricochet London




Old St,

9BJ 0 1 7 1 2 5 1 6966


odds of winning, and promote veganism at the same time? See 21 page for details.

year review of1000 research papers indicating a link between meat and at least half a dozen different cancers, that most eaters of red and processed meat should cut consumption to reduce the risk of cancer. The strongest link is with bowel cancer but there is also evidence of links with cancers of the breast, lung, oesophagus, mouth and lining of the womb.

A PINTA TOO FAR A man addicted to downing five pints of milk a day died of a heart attack whilst he slept. Richard Goymer, 26, ignored signs of dangerously high blood pressure. A post mortem examination revealed that his arteries were clogged with fatty deposits. His 64-year-old mother, a retired nurse, commented: Richard loved all sorts ofdairy food and ate a lot of cheese, eggs and things containing cream ... I was brought up to think that milk was extremely healthy. It didn't occur to me that it was doing PJchard such damage. The Mirror, 16.5.97

Those eating 140g a day — equivalent to a medium steak or a couple of quarterpounders — were told to cut down and even those at or above the average o f 9 0 g — equivalent to 3 slices of roast b e e f — were advised to consider a reduction. A similar report published on the same day by the World Cancer Research Fund reached near-identical conclusions. Independent, 26.9.97



Congratulations to vegan mountain bike competitor, Judith Shakeshaft who, by the end of the 1997 season, ranked 6th in the UK. This meant that she qualified to represent Britain in the World Mountain Bike Championship

The first prize in the Vegan Society's monthly Sunflower Lottery has passed £80 — and there are two other cash prizes as well! Why not give the National Lottery a miss for a


£ The



1997 t

Chateaux D'oex, Switzerland (11-21.9.97), where she came 19th out of 35.

WHAT'S YOUR POISON? Cases of food poisoning have rocketed by more than 400% in the past decade. Last year 84 348 people in England and Wales, and a further 4940 in Scotland, were reported as being affected. In June, the Scottish E. coli outbreak — spread via a butcher's steak pies — claimed its 20th victim, the highest number of fatalities caused by the bug in a single outbreak. In the light of the growing problem of pathogens, such as E. Coli 0157, Professor Hugh Pennington, Director of Medical Microbiology at Aberdeen University, has called for an immediate review on the spreading of slurry on farm land. He is backed by David Statham, Chairman of the European Environmental Health Committee looking at E. Coli 0157, who believes MAFF's Code of Good Agricultural Practice for Soil, which allows farmyard manure, abattoir waste and sewage sludge to be spread on land, could lead to direct or indirect food contamination. Elsewhere, 17 reported cases of E. coli infection in Colorado — the largest ever in the US — resulted in the closure of a meat packaging plant in Columbus, Nebraska and the recall of 25 million pounds ofground beef. Following the incident a poll conducted by Newsweek found that 54% of those asked were less likely to buy hamburgers at fast food oudets and

41% less likely to buy them at supermarkets. There are 60-80 million cases of food-caused sickness in the US each year — including around 10 000 attributed to E. coli and 120 000 to salmonella. Tests by the Consumers' Association and similar organisations in 15 countries revealed traces of antibiotics in European pork, turkey, veal and chicken. Britain has the largest proportion of turkeys affected (7%). There is widespread concern that the "overuse" of antibiotics in the rearing of livestock could ultimately mean there is no effective treatment for humans suffering from related infections as bacteria develop a resistance to familiar drugs. Evidence for this is already with us: salmonella typhimurium (DTI 04) — cases of which have increased from 259 in 1990 to 3387 last year — has shown resistance to commonly used antibiotics, including the one which is first choice in treating salmonella in humans. Independent 6.3.97, 2.6.97, 10.6.97,25.8.97 Farmers Weekly, 19.9.97,3.10.97 Meat TradesJournal. 20.11.97

BSE/CJD ROUND-UP Claire Tomkins, 24, from Tonbridge, Kent is one of the latest reported victims of the fatal 'new variant' Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (nvCJD), linked to BSE. Because she has been a strict vegetarian for 11 years, scientists fear the number of nvCJD cases could run into thousands.

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• •• If her condition was caused by eating BSE-infected beef she must have contracted the disease prior to 1986, the year in which the first BSE case in cattle was confirmed. Researchers will now have to investigate whether meat may be infectious from cattle at an earlier stage of incubation ofBSE than previously thought — or that milk and cheese might be a source ofinfection. Indeed, Professor Richard Lacey, one of the first to highlight the BSE threat, has warned that scientists should not dismiss the possibility that drinking milk, widi low concentrations of the infectious agent over a long period, might be the same as eating highly infected meat. Following the publication of the results of experiments involving mice by the Institute for Animal' Health's Neuropathogenesis Unit in Edinburgh, in October, John Pattison ofUniversity College, London, who chairs the Government's Spongiform Encephalopathy Advisory Committee, stated that he believed the link between BSE and nvCJD is now proven: "That's not a question any more." The Government has pledged a grant of£3.8m for new research into scrapie, the equivalent ofBSE in sheep. Although known about for two centuries, scrapie is thought to have triggered BSE after diseased sheep offal was mixed into cattle feed in the 1970s and 80s. Experts, who think the disease jumped the 'species barrier' to re-emerge as BSE, are concerned that it may have jumped back again, and worse still, be mutating

into something more virulent. So far, no one is known to have contracted CJD from eating sheep — but the Government must consider it a serious possibility because last year it banned the sale of sheep and goat heads, and in July extended the ban to spleen and spinal cord. MAFF has admitted it is unsure how many cows that died ofBSE were buried in landfill sites between 1989 and 1991. MAFF has asked the Environment Agency to look at the geology, hydrology and proximity to water courses of six of the sites to see if the BSE infectious agent could be leaching into rivers or contaminating topsoil. Government scientists have been sitting on six-year-old results from an experiment which shows that dogs can almost certainly catch BSE. In 1991 Government vets studied the brains of 444 hunting hounds, some of which had been "underperfonning". Some contained the canine equivalent of mad cow disease. At least 75 cats are known to have died from feline spongiform encephalopathy (FSE). Formers Weekly, 9.5.97 Guardian, 23.8.97 Independent, 28.4.97, 17.6.97 NewScienCist, 13.9.97, 4.10.97 The Times, 23.8.97


27.5.1904-20.5.1997 Even though he had been suffering from prostate cancer for some time, my father was still driving and very busy until his hospital admission in March. It is not easy to get a perspective on such a long life (92 years). As a small boy he remembered being taken t o see a "new f a n g l e d a e r o p l a n e " and overhearing someone say "These things will never catch on"! He learnt to drive in a Model T Ford, not taking his driving test until his mid-70s. For over 60 years he ran a stone masonry business, started by his father who, in 1910, was a member of the Vegetarian Cycling Club. Both my parents became vegetarian in the early 1920s. Cyril was a member of the Magic Circle for over 20 years and made many of his own props. He was persuaded to become a vegan 20 years ago after hearing a talk by Harold Bland in Welwyn Garden City. Around 10 years ago, his concern for the planet led him to set up a small trust to help v e g e t a r i a n / ( v e g a n ) , humanitarian and green causes. The projects the Trust has supported will make fitting memorials. Peter C o r d e n

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Shoparound Eileen Hardy surveys the vegan marketplace

to its range of sparkling herbal drinks are guaranteed to conjure up such dreamy thoughts. As well as its elderflower drinks, the company has created two new non-alcoholic, sparkling herbal infusions: pink ginger — a modern version of ginger ale, and nettle ale — which combines nettle with blackcurrant leaves to produce a fresh, aromatic drink. Both are free from artificial flavours, colourants and preservatives, and come in 20d and 75d bottle sizes.

ake the most of me! I've taken up the shopping basket on a temporary basis from Tracey Goodall — a hard act to follow. In the next issue it'll be all change again, when your new, permanent product investigator, Shelley Feldman joins The Vegan team.


DREAM ON Now the season of mists and mellow fruitfulness is upon us, it's time perhaps to sample some natural fare, to remind us of those long summer days, with bees a-buzzin' and swallows a-wheelin'. For those of you not blessed with such a vivid imagination, Thorncroft's new additions

A product that should appeal to Star Trek fans, astronauts, mountaineers, and everyone who likes to have a complete meal that requires no supplementation, is Ultimate Life's Ultimate Meal. It's intended to be used as a meal replacement which fills in all the nutritional gaps left by modern food production methods. Most of the ingredients are certified organic and it can also be used as a sports supplement. Further details are available from Everett Healthcare on 01363 772029.

You've got the cutest Baby face? If so, you'll want to know about the new range (available in major supermarkets) of Infant Cereals from Baby O r g a n i x (0800 393511). The only vegan varieties are: Banana Porridge, Oat Apple & Pear, Sweetcorn & Potato, and Banana Muesli. All contain over 3 7 % fruit and vegetables.

FOREVER-AND EVER Those of you keen to avoid genetically-modified soya and maize will be in• terested to learn of Joannusmolen's new Soy-sausage and Millet Burger mixes. Both are organic, glutenfree, tasty and distributed by Forever Green — a go-ahead company intent on building a range of gluten-free vegan products. For more info ring Forever Green on 01892 511652. Continuing the organic theme, w e welcome the new Baked Beany Burger from Dragonfly Foods The Beany Burger range — Baked, Tomato, Vegetable, Spicy, Smoky, Mushroom, Curry and Nut — contains organic ingredients including brown rice, okra, tofu, seeds, nuts and beans. Try your local health/wholefood shop.


LOVELY DOVEY Five out of six of Doves Farm's new range of organic cookies are vegan-friendly. Choose from Seven Seed, Roman, Muesli, Lemon or Chocolate Chip (definitely!). They contain whole grains, dried fruits, natural seeds and non-hydrogenated fats. The lemon version is gluten-free. "They are aimed at consumers who are looking for tasty, indulgent and natural snacking foods that are good for the health of their body and the environment." I'll try and remember that on my third packet!

The Provamel soya milk range has a newcomer likely to be a popular choice — an unsweetened milk with

1997 t

For those not in the know, Chlorella is a green micro algae cultivated in fresh mineral water, providing a concentrated food source — including vitamins, minerals and a complex combination of peptides, nucleotides and amino acids. Send you order/info request to: Vegan Reader Offer, Bodywealth, The Chandlery, 50 Westminster Bridge Rd, London SE1 7QY. Closing date: 1.2.98

W i c k e n Fen's Country Herb Mini Sausages are ideal for parties, buffets, snacks and children's meals. They come in 20s and can be cooked in minutes from frozen.



B o d y w e a l t h is offering a generous 2 5 % discount to Vegan readers on two chlorella products: Bodywealth Chlorella 2000 — resulting in a reduction in price from £9 to £6.75; and Bodywealth Chlorella Gold — normally £12, reduced to £9.


Marigold Health Food's new Swiss Vegetable Vegan Bouillon Powder.



Those readers who like to compensate for colder weather by spicing up their food are urged to look to Discovery Foods. To accompany its Enchilada Sauce, the company has added Soft Flour Tortillas with Garlic and Coriander. Both should be available in major supermarkets.



calcium and vitamins D, E B 2 and B 12 . The company has also expanded its Yofu (soya yoghurt) range with the addition of Black Cherry and Vanilla. Not one to stand still, Plamil Foods has followed up its groundbreaking GMO-free White Sun pea milk with a sugar-free version.

passed my taste test and was so good (and such is my confidence) it may even be subjected to the 'Italian mother-in-law taste test'! Other animal-free products from the company include M a Baker Giant Snack bars and Sammy's Snack Pot Couscous. For your free Easy Cook Couscous sample write to: Vegan Offer, First Quality Foods, Unit 4, The Alpha Ctre, Armstrong Way, Bristol BS175NG.

PATIENCE PAYS Ever picked up a bottle of Ecover

HEALTH INSURANCE The first 20 readers to write to S e v e n

mayed to see the presence of whey?

Seas get a free sample of its One Day Multivitamins Plus Minerals for

off — with the arrival of Ecover

Vegetarians and Vegans — contain-

Washing-Up Lemon Scent with Aloe

ing a special blend of 14 nutrients.

Vera! And what's more it has been

For your sample or further info write

given the Vegan Society's Trade Mark!

to: Vegan Offer, Peter Marketing,




Seven Seas, Hedon Rd,

Marfleet, Hull

First Quality Foods is offering the





clothing, t-shirts, accessories, stationery; fooippoducts. cosmetics... H e m p S e e d contains t h e highest E s s e n t i a l Fajtjf A c i d content of a n y K n ^ f i p l a n t }





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T h e oil of the seeci h a s amongst toe l o w e s t in s a t u r a t e d fets \ c o n t e n t a t 8 % of total oil volume. N o oth&r plant s o u r c e provides c o m p l e t e protein in s u c W a f t easily digestable form or contains t h e oils e s s e n t i a l to life m« a s perfect a ratio to maintain health. Following recent developments we're pleased to a n n o u n c e t h e re-launch of o u r f o l l o w i n g


Washing Up Liquid and been disWell, all those 'complaints' have paid





S a a L t f l M B g m m '

With the following recent new

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Mail O r d e r C a t a l o g u e


special X m a s offers ) send S A E + 2 x 1st c l a s s stamps.

NEW INFO. PACK - Now Available I Inc. c a t o l o g u e , leaflets, hemp info./history, p a p e r + fabric s a m p l e s , & a s e l e c t i o n of p r o d u c t s a m p l e s from: f o o d bars, c o s m e t i c s / soap, cigarette p a p e r s e t c . ,

Just £5.00 including p+p.

first 20 readers w h o write in a free 250g pack of Sammy's Easy Cook


Couscous. It's low in fat, containing about 200 calories a serving, and is available in two varieties: sundried tomatoes & Mediterranean herbs, and wild mushrooms garlic & herb. It

24 Anlaby Road H U L L HU1 2PA Tel/Fax: +44 (0)1482 225328 ^ ^.^'Web Email:

For more information see our feature in the Animal Free Shopper Guide.





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1997 t

Yes, really. A m a n d a Rofe has the moggies to prove it


'm one of those cruel, heartless vegans who deprives the cats in my care of their 'natural' diet — meat. Only, of course, I don't see it that way. I consider that by giving my cats a (nutritionally sound) vegan diet I'm meeting their physiological needs and reducing the number of animals bred to suffer and die prematurely to supply people and their pets with unnecessary and unhealthy animal products. And as to allegations that it is 'unnatural' to feed cats a non-animal diet, have you ever seen a cat hunt and bring down a dairy cow, battery hen, sheep or intensively fanned pig?! Then, of course, there are the environmental consequences and resource implications of the fishing and livestock industries. Farm animals are collectively responsible for soil erosion, the consumption and use of vast quantities of water, and pollution of land, water and air. Furthermore, they are poor converters of plant protein to animal protein. T h e plant protein could be fed direcdy to the undernourished in the 'developing' world; whilst in the 'developed' world' the animal protein produced clogs arteries and increases the risk for certain cancers! So, a meat/fishbased diet for felines is not in the best interests of people, animals or the environment!

PEDIGREE Since 1986, vegan and vegetarian cat carers have had the means to meet their animals' nutritional needs without having to prop up the (inherently-linked) meat, fish, poultry, dairy, leather and wool industries. After years of persistent and painstaking research, two American vegetarians, James and Lynn Peden of Harbingers of a N e w Age, formu-




1997 t

accordance with the Association of American Feed Control Officials guidelines (used by US pet food manufacturers) Vegecat — a supplement which, when used in conjunction with recommended recipes, enabled cat carers to declare their homes 'meat-free'. Vegecat (for cats over 12 months) and Vegekit (for kittens and lactating queens) has now been used successfully for 11 years (9 in the Rofe household).

OK, BUT... Mention vegan or vegetarian cats and the first concern raised will be protein ("But they need to eat meat'). Amongst the slighdy better informed, this will be followed by taurine ('Won't they go blind?'). Those really knowledgeable about feline nutrition — ie a small minority of veterinarians — will go on to query vitamin A and arachidonic acid sources. Because vegan diets for people tend to be lower in protein (not necessarily a bad thing) than meat-based diets, it is automatically assumed that cats — typically described as 'obligate carnivores' — won't get enough of it on an animal-frec diet. However, a recommended Vegecat meal supplies a cat with all the essential amino acids (the building blocks of protein) it needs. Amino acids are amino acids — whether they come from pigs or pulses! Taurine is also an amino acid, one which is essential for cats but not people. A lack of taurine in a cat's diet can result in blindness. Many veterinarians still believe it can be derived only from flesh. Yet, since 1947, taurine has been synthesised for commercial use from a non-animal source — and is even added to meat-based tinned cat food! Unlike humans, cats cannot convert beta-carotene into vitamin A (essential for reproduction, sight, coat and muscular integrity) and so need a pre-formed source. Vegecat provides a pre-formed synthetic version. Cats need arachidonic acid to maintain a number of bodily functions — including reproduction. The arachidonic acid in Vegecat is obtained form ascophyllum nodosum, a seaweed. And just because you're a big player in


search stating that the US National Research Council's recommendation that taurine be added at the rate of 500mg per kg dry cat food was not sufficient to prevent cardiomyopathy and should be raised to 800mg. In the same year, the Los Angeles Times reported: "Tens of thousands of cats have been dying every year from a fonn of heart disease caused by a nutritional deficiency in some popular pet foods".

surface! Favourites amongst the six cats currently residing in the Rofe residence include: raw mushrooms, melon, com on the cob, Redwood Cheatin' or LongaLife chicken or ham, Granose Mock Duck, vegetable pate, avocado, cucumber, steamed peas and broccoli, yeast extract, wholemeal toast, bagels, soya creme, kidney beans, baked bean 'juice' and flaked spirulina. Sometimes it seems they eat better than their carers! Given the choice, one. Cracker (somewhat slimmer than Robbie Coltrane) freaks out over beansprouts. Spock (definitely some resemblance to his Vulcan namesake) comes running to the sound of an Engevita Yeast Flakes carton being tapped; whereas Tofii (as white as virgin soya bean curd) will eat out of tin of cooked kidney beans. Vegecat can even be used to make cat biscuits— 'Kibble'.

A VET SPEAKS UP Naturally enough, most prospective Vegecat users want to know if the product is approved by vets. Well, here's what one has to say: An enormous quantity of information is available regarding the nutritional needs of cats. I see no reason why it should violate their rights to satisfy these needs from non-animal sources. It is notoriously difficult to provide a firm


dation for assertions about animal



making it possible for cats to be vegetarian is surely no greater violation of animal rights than: 1 Domesticating

cats and preventing them from

hunting their own food 2 Killing

literally millions of chickens,


sheep, horses, fish, etc tofeed domestic pets. Cats are quite adaptable, as we have discov-



If you've read this far you may well be wondering how your average pussy is likely to take to such a radical change in diet — after all, cats do have a (deserved) reputation for being finicky. A few years ago, a national newspaper made up a Vegecat meal, plonked

So, you've decided you're not prepared to countenance your moggie's bloody diet any longer. What do you do next? Ifyou feel you need more information on Vegecat and its development you might like to read

ered. They have the capacity to adapt to humans in a variety of ways. So, rather than


God', I see some humans and cats evolving a new kind of cultural evolution path and relationship that has the potential to lead to much less suffering

Cracker freaks out over beansprouts

in the world, a more co-operative relationship between humans and the non-human

world, and

more consideration being given to cats' health than that provided by those who collude with the primarily profit-motivated



pet food industry. The need to reduce animal suffering is urgent. Killing several species of animals to feed cats (and dogs) can no longer be justified now that nutritious alternative diets are economically and conveniently available. . . . Asa veterinarian, I can vouch for thefeeding principles Lynn [Peden] describes . . . and the quality and adequacy of the diets. My


is soundly based on the most up-to-date scientific information regarding the knoum nutritional needs o f . . . cats.

David Jaggar David Jaggar worked in general veterinary practice in the UK in the 1960s and for the US Department of Agriculture. He is a founder member of the International Veterinary Acupuncture Society. By all means ask your vet what s/he thinks about Vegecat — but be prepared for an irrational response and possible blacklisting!

it in front of ten cats and came up with the incredibly unimaginative headline (probably prepared earlier): '9 out of 10 cats preferred not to eat Vegecat'. Hardly surprising. I don't suppose Count Dracula would be particularly impressed if he ordered a black sausage and the waiter presented him with a green salad! The trick is to play dirty and fool you cat into liking vegan fare by hiding a litde Vegecat food in the cat's normal offering and gradually increasing the proportion of Vegecat until the changeover is complete. Kittens and strays 'convert' in days or weeks; older cats may take up to 3 months. Every Vegecat/Vegekit tub comes with recommended recipes. Typically, they will incorporate food items such as rice, TVP, tofii, potato, wheat gluten, soya sauce, oil, and nutritional yeast flakes. However, the transition to animal-free eating can be made much easier by adding in favourite nibbles. Generally, you will discover what these are when they are whipped off your dinner plate during a momentary attention lapse or mysterious disappearances from the kitchen work

Vegetarian Cats and Dogs by J a m e s P e d e n (see

Books By Post). If you'd like to discuss your concerns, you can ring me or Richard Farhall at the Vegan Society on 01424 427393. If your mind's made up, ring the Vegan Society (sole UK importer) with your credit/debit card details or post your order to: The Vegan Society, Donald

Watson House,

Battle Road, East Sussex TN37



7 A

tub of Vegecat costs £9.95 (p&p incl) and will last one cat 6 weeks — longer during the 'weaning' stage. Vegekit costs the same but remember it's for kittens up to 12 months and lactating queens only. Ifyou're ordering from outside the UK, ring to check whether you need to add extra for postage and packing. Good luck!

• WARNING • Do not attempt to 'veganise' your cat by feeding it your leftovers. The animal will quickly become ill and could suffer permanent damage. The physiology of cats differs significantly from that of people (or indeed dogs). Vegecat has been developed to specifically meet these physiological needs and is the only such product available.




1997 t


CURE DIABETES? iabetes is not necessarily a one way street. Early studies suggest that persons with diabetes can improve and, in some cases, even cure themselves of the disease by switching to an unrefined, vegan diet. Unfortunately, none of these studies included a comparison group. So the Diabetes Action and Research Education Foundation provided a grant "to the Physicians* Committee For Responsible Medicine ( P C R M ) to perform a carefully controlled test.


THE DEAL Working with Georgetown University, we compared two different diets: a high-fibre, low-fat, vegan diet and the more commonly used American Diabetes Association (ADA) diet. We invited persons with non-insulin-dependent diabetes and their spouses or partners to follow one of the two diets for three months. Caterers prepared take-home lunches and dinners so participants could simply heat up the food at home. T h e vegan meals were made from unrefined vegetables, grains, beans, and fruits.

'The blood s u g a r s and weight j u s t s t a r t e d falling off' with no refined ingredients — such as vegetable oil, white flour, or white pasta. These meals averaged just 10% fat (as a percentage of calories) and 80% complex carbohydrate. They also offered 60—70g of fibre per day and had no cholesterol at all. T h e comparison (ADA) diet contained somewhat more plant-based ingredients than the average diet, but still relied on the conventional chicken and fish recipes. This diet was 3 0 % fat and 50% carbohydrate. It provided about 30g of fibre and 200mg of cholesterol per day. Participants in both groups came to the University two evenings per week for group sessions covering nutrition, cooking and support.

QUICK RESPONSE There were several challenges in planning the study. W o u l d persons with diabetes — and their partners — volunteer for the study? W o u l d they change their eating habits and maintain the study programme for the full three months? Could we find




1997 t

The results of Dr Andrew Nicholson's initial examination are encouraging

caterers who would dependably prepare and deliver attractive vegan and ADA meals? The first of these worries was quickly dispelled. On the very first day that our advertisement appeared in the newspaper, more than 100 people responded. The participants who were accepted for the study threw themselves into Andrew Nicholson MD is a vegan it with enthusiasm. emergency room physician One said: "I was concerned with dietary factors amazed how powerful in disease prevention, control the vegan diet was and remission. right from the beginning. The blood sugars and weight just started falling off." Some subjects were pleasantly surprised at how well they adapted to the experimental diet. One said: "If anyone had told me 12 weeks ago that I would be satisfied with a totally vegetarian diet, I would not have believed it." Another participant needed more time to adjust: "In the beginning, it's not an easy diet. But I managed to lose, at last count, 17 pounds (7.71kg). I am no longer on medication for diabetes and I am no longer on medication for blood pressure. So, actually, it has been a very, very positive result for me." Some found unexpected benefits: "My asthma has really improved. I'm not taking as much asthma medicine because I can breathe better. The overall mental outlook on how I feel about myself as a diabetic is much more hopeful now, as 1 am self-sufficient with a diet that makes sense for me."

OUTCOME Both groups did an overall great job in

adhering to their prescribed diets. However, the vegan group clearly had the edge in many of the results. Fasting blood sugars decreased 59% more in the vegan group than in the ADA group. And, while the vegans needed less medication to control their blood sugars, the ADA group needed just as much medicine as before. The vegans were taking less medicine but were in better control. While the ADA group lost an impressive 8 pounds (3.6kg), on average, the vegans lost nearly 16 pounds (7.26kg). Cholesterol levels also dropped more substantially in the vegan group compared to the ADA group. Diabetes can cause serious damage to the kidneys, resulting in protein loss in the urine. Several of our subjects already had significant protein loss at the beginning of the study and the ADA group did not improve in this respect. In fact, their protein losses actually worsened somewhat over the 12 weeks of the study. The vegan group, on the other hand, had a large reduction in protein losses. Encouraged by the strong results of this pilot study, we are planning a much larger study for next year. We all owe a great debt to these volunteers who generously gave Reproduced from Good Medicine (Winter 1997) with the kind permission of PCRM

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The Vegan, Autumn 1997 t

Charles Dickinson reports on the multifarious uses of a much maligned plant

competition from other 'weeds', hemp is a much better bet to produce organically grown fibre. Tests have shown hemp fibres remain unchanged at very high temperatures and the Chinese Academy of Science claims hemp fabrics block the sun's UV rays better than any other fabric. Portuguese researchers have discovered that top quality hemp fabric will withstand 125 000 washes!


imply the mention of the word 'hemp' often evokes bemusement, as the link is made with the one form of cannabis widely banned â&#x20AC;&#x201D; that possessing psychoactive substances. Utilised for variety of purposes since the start of civilisation, it was not until the last century that hemp lost its prominent place as a global fibre crop â&#x20AC;&#x201D; to be replaced by cotton, jute and petrochemical products. Today it is undergoing something of a revival.



Top quality hemp

While agricultural instruction to cultif a b r i c will withstand vate hemp in China can be traced as 125 000 washes! early as the twentyeighth century BC, it i s first encountered in Chinese medicine in the fourteenth century AD in a text by Wu Rui in R j Yong Ben Cao (Household Maeria Medica). In more contemporary days, since hemp's prohibition it has received nothing but bad press, including a US Government 'misinformation' film made in the 30s, Reefer Madness. At the time of prohibition in 1937, when it was relabelled 'marijuana', in N e w York alone there were around 1200 hashish outlets, highlighting it's popularity.

VERSATILE Times change and hemp is currently being




1997 t

grown legitimately in many countries (including Hungary, China, Thailand, Ukraine, Nepal and the UK) for an impressive array of modern day needs - including fabric, yarn, twine, paper, card, canvas, combustible fuel (ethanol), construction products, furniture, paints, sealants, plastics, compost, food and animal feed. However, legal requirements dictate that the plant has a low tetra-hydracannabinoid (THC) content, being selected primarily for height and fibre/biomass yielding potential. Hemp requires little or no agro-chemical fertilisers, herbicides or sprays, and if grown on a world-wide scale could even significantly reduce global CO2 emissions (hemp utilises four times as much CO2 during photosynthesis as most other plants).

HEMPWEAR Revived quite recendy after many years in the wilderness, hemp cloth is once again available in the UK, and with it comes the possibility of an environmentally-friendly alternative to the pollution-creating, soileroding methods of growing cotton. Unlike cotton, hemp's roots bind the soil, thereby protecting it against erosion. In 1993, 246 000 tonnes of pesticides were used to grow cotton world-wide. These pesticides wash into streams and rivers, and destroy ecosystems. In America, arsenic sprayed on cotton crops has affected wildlife, livestock and fanners alike; however, with few insect enemies and little

First used to make paper as early as 140-87 BC, hemp has been used for countless famous texts: the American Declaration of Independence, stocks and bonds. The Bible, the works of Lewis Carrol, Victor Hugo and Mark Twain. Today, in the UK, it is used for tea bags, greaseproof paper, money, artists' paper, clothing tags, cigarette paper and high quality security forms. Timber crops typically produce 64% usable cellulose fibre in return for a lengthy 10-100 years growing season; whereas hemp has a growing season which, in some parts of the world, can be fitted into a calendar year up to three times. It contains 77% cellulose, makes very strong biodegradable plastic products, and paper that recycles twice as many times as wood. Hemp can be bleached relatively harmlessly using hydrogen peroxide. Wood paper production, however, may involve sulphur cocktails, sodium hydroxide and chlorine compounds.

TASTY HEMP Hemp seed is rather unique in that other than being an excellent vegan source of vitamins, fibre and minerals it contains very digestible protein and is a source of both omega-6 and omega-3 Essential Fatty Acids. In Victorian Britain the poor benefited nutritionally from their use of hemp seed; whereas, the upper classes were able to afford the newly-available (but nutrientdeficient!) refined foods. The fact that many people have survived with hemp seed and oil as a staple of their diet for thousands of years - and still do - is a testimony to its incredible qualities. In China the seed is served roasted at the cinema and tastes wonder-

Katrina Payne takes a look at Vegfam, the little known overseas aid charity supported by - you?


y partner gets some puzzled responses to his Feed the World Go Vegan t-shirt. 'Surely veganism is just a fad taken up by the UK's middle classes?' they'll ask, 'what has drinking soya milk got to do with hunger in poorer countries?' The Vegan Society's promotional materials come to the rescue: Approximately 40% of the world's cereal is fed to livestock, rather than directly to people. Moreover, 10 acres (4ha) of land used to grow soya beans can provide protein for 60 people; while the same area cleared for grazing cattle provides protein for only two people. So far so good, but how do you know that the development agency you regularly support isn't using your money to set up schemes that exploit animals and the environment - perpetuating overgrazing, forest clearance and intensive cultivation? You don't. That's why Vegfam was set up.

SIXTIES CHILD Vegfam's Frieden Howard explains that the organisation was established in the 1960s because the founders, Chris and Janet Aldous, feared that other countries would follow the West's disastrous intensive animal farming policies. Vegans can support Vegfam's development and emergency relief programmes without worrying that they're supporting cruelty to animals. A retired civil engineer who previously worked in the water industry, Frieden has used his lifelong veganism (with a slight relapse to vegetarianism at boarding school!) to build up an impressive knowledge of which vegan foodstuffs and water systems are appropriate in a variety of circumstances. For example, working with Llandeilo Rotary Club, which supplied medical and other equipment, Vegfam was able to help with food for children in Belarus who had suffered after the Chernobyl nuclear explosion.

We sent lentils, rice, oats, dried fruit and nuts. To help detoxify the children and flush out the radioactivity, we also sent kelp powder, miso and garlic. I wonder how many other development agencies would have this sort of dietary knowledge?

DISTANCE NO OBJECT Another of Vegfam's projects has provided fruit trees in Malawi, both as a source of fuel and to stop Mozambican refugees from cutting down trees for firewood Water tilters for volunteers and works with larger develop(which leads to soil erosion and desertificament agencies and local organisations to Kurdish refugees tion). Also in Africa, the charity has supensure it is reaching the right people and is ported Rwandan refugees with food responding to their needs. You have to try donations of nutritious porridge oats. to make sure that what you're doing fits in with indigenous peoples' ideas. You can't In India, Vegfam has supported an ortry and impose! phanage with its food bills, helped develop a women's income generating project, and Vegfam often finds the bigger agencies helped provide wells so that villagers have broadly supportive of its work. It tries to access to clean drinking water. In monitor whether other agencies are proKurdistan, Vegfam has provided Kurds livviding animal-based foods. If necessary, it ing in mountainous communities with will raise the issue but doesn't have suffiwater purifiers to protect their families cient clout to bring about change. against contaminated water. In addition to educational work, Frieden would like to promote the develVegfam is also supporting projects in opment agencies' use of raw pulses, like Latin America - for example, working with sprouted chickpeas, as a good source of Find Your Feet and Caritas to provide and protein. Apart from encourage the use of the nutritious value locally-available leaves of raw foods, their as a food (leaf concen'What has drinking soya milk got to other advantage is trate) to alleviate malthat they don't nutrition among do with hunger in poorer countries?' need scarce firechildren in Morelia, wood to cook Mexico. them. O n a similar Frieden explains theme, Frieden is interested in promoting that Vegfam splits its money 50-50 bethe use of more efficient wood-burning tween emergency relief and long-term stoves in poorer countries. development. Like most development agencies, Vegfam feels that long-term development, or doing yourself out of a job!, is extremely important. However, Frieden also recogniscs the need to respond, where possible, to emergency situations.

FITTING IN As a small organisation, Vegfam is run by

OVER TO YOU Vegfam's funding comes from donations and occasional legacies from vegans, vegeVegfam The Sanctuary, nr Lydford, Okehampton, Devon EX20 4AL 01822820203




1997 t

M E O A N t h e




D I S A P P O I N T E D /









G T U F F /


y C T



L O O K S ,



P R I N C I P L E ,


T A S T E S , A N D s m e l l s








P O I S O N / N (r



p a c k e d WITH




M E A T . '

P r o m o t i n g ways o f living which avoid the use o f animal products —


for the benefit o f people, animals society


j (he environment

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Hi! This is the time of year w h e n w e all start new courses and new

Vcganisiri fits well i n t o the F o o d

school/college academic years. The same is true for the Young Vegans

T e c h n o l o g y c u r r i c u l u m (special diets

page. I w a n t to make sure that this page is used in the w a y you would

are c o v e r e d at G C S E level, f o r

w a n t it to be. To do this I need to know far more about you and w h a t

e x a m p l e ) as w e l l as R e l i g i o u s

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If you've ever felt frustrated by the lack of quality non-leather alternatives

T a l k to y o u r f o r m t e a c h e r o r h e a d of

in the high street, Margaret Lowndes, founder of Luxury Without Leather,

y e a r a b o u t h o l d i n g a leaflet stall at

understands! She set up Luxury in October 1996 with the aim of providing

l u n c h / b r e a k rimes o r d i s t r i b u t i n g

high quality styling and manufacturing in synthetic materials. The range

leaflets. O r w h a t a b o u t m a k i n g vegan

now includes belts, wallets, purses and credit card holders.

cakes o r biscuits t o sell t o raise m o n e y

Luxury without Leather has kindly offered to send one of its great jeans belts to the first five Young Vegan readers picked out of the hat on 14 November

1997. Simply send your name, address, waist size and colour

p r e f e r e n c e (black or b r o w n ) on a post-card to: Young


f o r t h e V e g a n Society? T h e s e are j u s t a few ways y o u can spread t h e message w h e r e v e r y o u are o n , o r a r o u n d W o r l d Vegan D a y . I'm

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Return this form by 28 N o v e m b e r 1997 (so that you can be entered into the prize draw) to: S a m Calvert, Y o u n g Vegans, T h e V e g a n , Donald W a t s o n House,7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7 A A .




1997 t

Living Veganism Katharine A Gilchrist casts a vegan eye

not due to be published until about the year 2000. EPIC researchers sent me a copy of the British Medical Journal article (Dietary habits and mortality in 11 000 vegetarians and health conscious people, 8.9.96, vol 313 pp 7750-779) on which Zest's claim is based. It did state: "A vegetarian diet was also associated with a significant increase in mortality from breast cancer". It then stated: feel slightly paranoid. I read some worrying facts about fluoride (Uncaged! Issue 12). I went to the wholefood shop, announced I was paranoid and bought fluoridefree toothpaste. T h e n I became really worried over a media scare story about vegetarianism. This constant scare mongering is alarming because it's reasonable to assume that, if vegans are not mentioned as a separate category, the vegetarian group includes vegans. Therefore, any health concerns may apply to us.


NOT WHAT IT SEEMS Health magazine Zest (March 1997) ran a cover story entitled Is a Vegetarian Diet Really Healthy? T h e article, by Jenny Hope, states: " O n e statistic even suggested vegetarians are more likely to die of breast cancer." T h e article claimed this information is from the EPIC study, in which many vegans (including me) are participating. It isn't. EPIC's earliest findings on breast cancer are

However, the confidence interval was wide, and the result might be due to chance, perhaps conibined with difference in parity. In the Oxford Vegetarian Survey, for example, 37% of vegetarian women aged 40 and above were nulliparous, compared with 28% of meat eating women (unpublished data). Other surveys have reported no association between vegetarian diet and risk of cancer or mortality. So, the higher breast cancer incidence in vegetarians could easily be because notably more of them were childless! Also significant were the results of checks on a small section of those classed as vegetarian. These checks took place a maximum of 6 years from the start of the study, quite near the start â&#x20AC;&#x201D; participants were followed for an average of 17 years. Over a third (34%) of people who originally classed themselves as vegetarians either were no longer so or never had been in the Grst place. This casts doubt on the accuracy of the findings.

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1997 t

ACID TEST The main part of Zest s story claims that vegetarians are getting too much omega-6 fatty acid but too little omega-3 fatty acid. Fish-eaters allegedly have a better balance of these valuable nutrients. Ms Hope refers to a study of two communities where this appeared to be the case. But what about vegetarians whose ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 is well balanced? Ms Hope doesn't say. Sally Brown, Deputy Editor, assured me that vegetarian sources will be included when omega-3 is covered in future. My correspondence with Ms Hope was less productive. Even after I had twice written telling her the cancer statistic was not from EPIC, she insisted it was. She said that some of what she wrote got edited out but that she had included: "This finding is hody disputed by the Vegetarian Society". That, plus her comment, "while the researches argue with the vegetarian activists", conveys the misleading impression that the result is disputed on ideological rather than scientific grounds. Regarding omega-3, Ms Hope states: "My brief was not to give a full list of foods high in omega-3 fatty acids." Nobody asked her to list them all, but her Mure to list any apart from fish was unbalanced. How can anyone say that x is better than y without examining what each has to offer? If someone said, I'd rather live in town A than town B because A has a cinema and a swimming pool, you would assume B was a dump. You would be surprised if you found that B had two perfecdy good pools, a cinema and a skating rink. Meanwhile, 'scientists' have been feeding cows "fish oil, fish meal or plankton" to produce milk rich in omega-3 (Skimmed Milk Straight

From the Cow, The Observer, 15 December 19%). Stephen Morley of Plan 2000 wrote concerning a possible link between omega-3 deficiency and addiction tojunk food. A firm named Higher Nature that sells veggie and vegan food supplements, includes some vegan stuff that is rich in omega3 in its catalogue. 1 returned to the wholefood shop, announcing that I was no longer paranoid about excess fluoride but about omega-3 deficiency. "What contains omega-3?" "Fish." Some of the staff love winding me up. Well, I think they enjoy it. They stock at least two suitable sources: linseed seeds (ÂŁ2.35 for 500g) and organic hemp bars (beware! nonorganic ones may contain honey).

STYLISH The programme Style Challenge, mentioned in the Summer 1997 Living Veganism, has now featured two vegetarians. I switched on just as the skin care person was burbling about the face wash not containing animals. The male ended up, if memory serves me right, in open-toed sandals from Vegetarian Shoes and hemp socks; the female wore highheeled leather-free sandals, a minidress made of recycled stuff and a second-hand scarf. Vegan volunteers have already been sought for Ready Steady Cook (The Vegan, Spring 1997), one vegan has won Countdown and another the Channel 5 programme Whitde. That only leaves the big one . . . Mastermind [Ed. Oops too late! Mastermind is no more.] I once met a careers adviser who had won Mastermind. She didn't suggest my becoming a columnist for The Vegan. How odd.

Uncaged! 14 Ridgeway Road, Sheffield S12 2SS Tel/Fax

0114 253


Higher Nature Burwash Common, East Sussex TN19 7LX Tel 01435


Fax 01435



AUTUMNAL Richard Youngs serves up some tempting seasonal offerings

During autumn through to early winter, as temperatures drop and days become shorter, we begin to want warmer and more fdlingfood than in summer. Fortunately, what is best in shops and in gardens lends itself well to such fare. Here are 4 main courses and 3 desserts for the months ahead.



& 2 tbsp vegetable oil 1 medium onion 1 small carrot 1 small white turnip celeriac â&#x20AC;&#x201D; same volume as turnip 4 Brussels sprouts 143ml/'/4pt water/unsalted stock 1 tbsp cornflour 1 tsp yeast extract dash of soy sauce 1 bay leaf ground black pepper 225g/8oz tofu

Finely chop the onion. Clean, scrub or peel, then dice the root

vegetables. Remove outer leaves from Brussels sprouts. Dice the tofu

Saute the onion in the vei Add the prepared vegetabli Mix together the water and

>le oil, patiently, until caramelised, cook for a few more minutes lour, add to the casserole pan and

stir until thickened Add the remaining ingredient: Bring to

ner, cover and cook

J o r 30 minutes iepper.

3 tbsp olive oil 1 medium onion 4 cloves garlic 1 small carrot 1 small parsnip 1 small white t u r n i p celeriac â&#x20AC;&#x201D; same volume as turnip 1 heaped tsp cornflour H i m l / ' ^ p t water 225g/8oz pre-cooked chick peas 2 tbsp light tahini 1 tsp yeast extract 1 bay leaf small pinch of dried t h y m e small squeeze of l e m o n juice salt and pepper <&> Finely chop the onion. Crush the garlic. Scrub and dice the carrots. Peel and dice the parsnip, turnip and celeriac Over medium heat in a large pot saute the onion in the olive oil until it starts to turn a little golden. Add the garlic, carrot, parsnip, turnip and celeriac. Cook for a further few minutes In a mug or similar, form the cornflour and a little of the water into a thick paste, then gradually add the remaining water to create a cloudy liquid. Add to the pot and keep stirring until it thickens. Turn heat down to low Throw in the chickpeas. Spoon in the tahini and yeast extract. Add the herbs and lemon juice along with a little salt (not too much!) and lots of freshly ground black pepper Simmer for 40 minutes. Stir occasionally and add any extra water necessary if it becomes too dry


Check seasoning and adjust with salt, pepper and/or lemon juice before serving with good bread.







5 5 g / 2 o z split r e d lentils 285ml/'/2pt water 1 small o n i o n 1 m e d i u m parsnip 2 stalks c e l e r y 3 c l o v e s garlic 2 t b s p v e g e t a b l e oil il2 t s p c u m i n seeds x l2 tsp b l a c k o n i o n seeds '/2 tsp b l a c k m u s t a r d seeds j u i c e o f xi2 l e m o n 1 tsp g r o u n d t u r m e r i c salt a n d p e p p e r

3 large pears (they don't have to be ripe) 2 tbsp water 3 0 g / l o z plain vegan chocolate 85g/3oz self-raising wholemeal flour 55g/2oz demerara sugar 3 0 g / l o z vegan margarine

Peel and core the pears, then dice them. Place in a saucepan with the water and simmer gently for 10 minutes until softened Meanwhile break the chocolate into small pieces — easiest with a knife. Also, make the crumble by rubbing together the flour, sugar and margarine until all are evenly distributed

Bring the lentils and water to a boil. Skim off any scum on the surface, then turn d o w n to simmer for 10-15 minutes until the lentils have collapsed Meanwhile, slice the onion, dice the parsnip and celery, crush the garlic In a large pot heat the vegetable oil. Throw in the cypnin, black onion and

In a small pie dish mix together the prepared pears and chocolate. On top of this scatter the crumble mixture

Bake in a moderate oven for 30 minutes or until the crumble is browned Serve hot.

black mustard seeds. Add the onion and fry until it begins to brown. Next add the parsnip, celery, garlic and lemon juic^gtook for a further 5 minutes, stirring frequently Pour t

i n t o the part, add the turmeric, season and


to asjmroer. Cover and cook over a l o w .heat for 30 minutes (check it just add extra water Jf it l#o£sin danger of doing this)

455g/16oz apples 115g/4oz blackberries 2 tbsp water sugar to taste <& Peel, core and dice the apples. Wash the blackberries Place the blackberries in a saucepan with 1 tbsp of water and cook over low heat until soft — 15 minutes will ensure all their juice comes out Meanwhile, place the apples in another saucepan with 1 tbsp of water and similarly, cook over a low heat for 15 minutes

Strain the blackberries through a fine sieve, discarding the pips and add their juice to the stewed apples

RED CABBAGE, APPLE AND SMOKED TOFU STEW 2 t b s p v e g e t a b l e oil 1 medium onion '/ 4 r e d c a b b a g e 1 large eating apple 1 c l o v e garlic h a n d f u l o f raisins j u i c e o f li2 l e m o n 143ml/,/4pt vegan stock 115g/4oz s m o k e d t o f u 1 b a y leaf d a s h o f soy sauce pepper

Finely chop the onion. Finely shred the cabbage. Peel, core and slice the

apple. Crush the garlic. Dice the tofu Over medium heat soften the onion in the vegetable oil. Add the cabbage, apple, raisins, garlic, lemon juice, stock, tofu and bay leaf. Shake in a very small amount of soy sauce (you can add but can't take away!) and grind a little black pepper into the saucepan Bring to a boil. Cover. Turn d o w n to the lowest possible temperature and cook gently for 50 minutes. To prevent sticking, stir occasionally, adding a little extra water if necessary Taste. Adjust seasoning as desired. Serve with rice or baked potatoes.




1997 t

Test the mixture for sweetness and add any sugar necessary Serve hot or cold.



115g/4oz pumpkin flesh water for boiling 3 0 g / l o z vegan margarine 55g/2oz demerara sugar 55g/2oz self-raising flour 3 0 g / l o z ground hazelnuts or ground almonds 3 0 g / l o z bread crumbs 1 tsp m i x e d spice zest o f l / 4 l e m o n

• Ensure there are no pips or skin attached to the pumpkin flesh, dice, and then boil in water for 10 minutes until soft. Drain. Mash • Cream together the margarine and sugar. Add the prepared pumpkin along with the remaining ingredients. Mix until smooth • Pour into a lighdy greased oven proof basin and bake in a hot oven for 45 minutes or until a skewer comes out clean • Serve hot with soya dessert/custard.


DO YOU CARE ABOUT THE WORLD? You may think there is very little any individual can do to help the environment, prevent large scale animal abuse and so on. However, the power of investment is immense. The more of us who indicate that we care about what happens to the money in our pension funds, endowments and other investments, the better off we will all be.

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April 1997

Cash prizes every month


The Sunflower Lottery Allows you to make regular donations to the Vegan Society and stand the chance of winning cash prizes every month.

There's more Every year, the winners of the preceding 12 monthly sunflower lotteries are entered into a 'Super' Sunflower Lottery for a chance to win £100.

How it works Every month three cash prizes — comprising 50% of that month's entry money — are drawn. A monthly entry is £1.50 but you can pay for as many entries as you choose. The draw takes place on the last working day of the month. A list of the winners is published in The Vegan.

To enter Fill out the form below and return it with your remittance for 3, 6 or 12 months as required. Don't worry about forgetting to renew — you'll be reminded in good time. Good


1 st 114 2nd 4 3rd 282

Jane Bannister M & C Knigbts P McCann

£58 £34.80 £23.20

May 1997 lst 81 2nd 253 3rd 375

C AiiKobertson CFKing E Davies

£56.62 £33.97 £22.65

June 1997 WBF 1 Wnd 78 3rd 168

Malcolm Lyons Derek Brocklebank Janet Lynch

£57.75 £34.(65

July 1997 SOCIETY

Tst 370 2nd 193 3rd 31

Jennifer Dulin Paula Davies Miss E Saunders

£77.25 £46.35 £30.90

Address Post Code


Please enter me for: 1 entry for 3 months @ f 4.50 • 6 months @ £9.00 • 12 months @ f 18 • 2 entries for 3 months @ £9.00 • 6 months @ £ 18.00 • 12 months @ £36.00 • or • entries for • months @ f

• I enclose a cheque/PO payable to 'The Vegan Society' for £ N u m b e r n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n Name on card


• Please debit my Visa/Mastercard/Access/Eurocard/Switch/Visa Delta/Connect Card


Exudate • • • •

switch issue N O O D

Today's date • • • • • •

Return to: The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064

Participation is restricted to those residing in the United Kingdom

The Vegan, Autumn 1997 t


CROWD t isn't much fun being the only vegan in a household of 'ordinary' people. It can sometimes feel a little lonely, and definitely upsetting when other family members, with no experience of the vegan way of life, insist that vegans are really peculiar for avoiding leather, honey, wool, silk or anything else which comes from an animal in any shape or form. We have found it possible to be the O n e in a Crowd. With sensible shopping and division of the cooking, a vegan can and does live a full and satisfying life, without compromising any heartfelt beliefs at all.



'I'm sorry I knocked on your door'

W h e n our daughter became a vegan, we began to assess the items we use in the house â&#x20AC;&#x201D; shampoo, soap, toothpaste, and so on. All of these were changed to products which contained no animal ingredients and had not been tested on animals in any way. All items containing wool were disposed of, pillows containing feathers were exchanged for foam-filled ones. Shoes were checked for synthetic materials only and the leather purse thrown in the bin. We asked for a 'vegan' purse in a gift shop in Lyme Regis and were sold one made of denim and metal without so much as the lifting of an eyebrow!

OFF TO THE SHOPS Shopping becomes a quest, trying to defeat the manufacturers who slide egg albumen into products, or a touch of buttermilk into spreads. T h e green V of the Vegetarian Society is an indication that at least it is sensible for a vegan to look at the label â&#x20AC;&#x201D; it does help eliminate a lot of label searching! If only these companies could see the commercial sense in using the Vegan Society Trade Mark! When we first began shopping for vegan foods, certain Sainsbury products were fit for a vegan, but they became 'improved' with the addition of egg albumen and skimmed milk, putting them firmly out of the shopping trolley forever. When we approached food manufacturers such as Dalepack and Heinz to ask why egg albumen in particular was included, the replies indicated that they considered there were not enough vegans around to warrant their making the effort to remove it. Having said that, Dalepack did say that it was trying to eliminate the egg albumen from its pancakes â&#x20AC;&#x201D; and Heinz did send its vegan list.

Accommodating a vegan in the household isn't such a problem. So says proud parent, Dorothy Davies

for the preparation of vegan food. Soya milk is brought home daily, in the same way as cartons of cow's milk would be. Our daughter spends Sunday afternoons cooking her vegan meals, which are stored in the refrigerator and the freezer for the whole week. Each day one portion of vegan food is removed, cooked or re-heated, and served up with the full complement of vegetables. Again, care is taken to ensure no meat or dairy produce touches the cooking implements which are used to serve up the meal. There is no contamination at all. These are small things, and easily done in a household. The items do not cost much money, the re-arrangements do not, of themselves, generate any problems. With goodwill and a little sensible thinking on everyone's part, changes can be made.

NO MILK TODAY! Our neighbours, whilst professing not to understand the vegan way of life, deliberately avoided asking our daughter to take care of their cats while they were on holiday because she would have had to handle the cat food. People do respect vegan principles, even if they do not appear to at first. Pity the poor milkman who called recendy to drum up a little trade for the rapidly falling off doorstep delivery. "Sorry," we told him, "one of us is on a milk-free diet, one of us dislikes milk and the other person here is a vegan." "I'm sorry I knocked on your door," he said, but he did have the grace to smile!

EVERYONE'S HAPPY Accommodating 'the vegan' has not been as difficult as people would at first think! Whilst it is not easy for vegans still living at home with people who do not follow the vegan way of life, it can be done, as we have proved. We tell people 'a vegan lives here' and are proud of her, and her determination to uphold her principles and way of life. We do all we can to accommodate

RESPECTFUL DISTANCE It quickly became evident that culinary skills had to be acquired and fast. Cooking could lead to conflict, but this we have surmounted by segregating certain things in the kitchen. A shelf of the fridge is kept for the vegan supplies, no meat or dairy produce touches that shelf at all. There is a separate part of the cupboard where pulses, vegan soups, rice, etc are stored. A separate chopping board is kept







VEGANS IN BUSINESS Co-founder of the legendary Ploughshares Cafe, Michael O'Connell charts Ploughshares' enterprising course into new waters

PLOUGHSHARES psychological edifice which are built on, and reinforced by toxicity. After only 8 days, the quality and quantity of one's energy is improved enormously, making available to us new inner resources with which to make better decisions. Other leading edge therapeutic approaches coming into the work at the Fisher King involve oxygen pathways and rehydration. Most people are actually dehydrated and this is one of the primary causes of cellular degeneration. Earlier this year we acquired a state-of-the^ art water treatment system producing 'levitated' water. Dr Linus Pauling, who discovered vitamin C, discovered that the levitated water in the upper atmosphere has a much finer colloidal structure and greater buoyancy than normal water. Levitated water enables nutriments suspended in fluids and blood to penetrate Up to 4 0 % of customers in biological systems more deeply. Conversely, waste matter is more effeceating establishments tively eliminated, particuUrlyj via the lymphatic system. This water will be have special dietary needs available for distribution later this year, when installation of the water treatment system has been completed.

loughshares is not your usual stereotypical food company. Founded in 1983 by myself and Fiona Bruce, the outfit soon attracted others who were keen to explore the vegan and organic ethics. The company became a vehicle of expression for feelings and convictions that were mutually held. Consequently, its activities extended beyond the realm of vegan food into direct action at civil and military nuclear installations. Meanwhile, bank at the ranch, folks were growing organic food and putting together Emperor Liu Art's Tofii Palace - a mobile restaurant centring on an 8-ton location catering vehicle which was used during the filming of Ghandi. After a year on the road, having a ball - and, thankfully, not spending too much time crying on the hard shoulder - the 'Tofurai' decided to open the vegan Ploughshares Cafe in Glastonbury.


NEW DIRECTIONS After 11 years of guiding the business into wholesale manufacturing, location catering, consultancy work, research, leaf protein development, and the setting up of N V Q courses in vegan cuisine, the Tofurai have finally seen the Holy Grail of mystical truth: doing food can tear your guts out, chew you up, and then spit you out! However, we had some great experiences and feel that it was all worth the effort if we have made some contribution towards moving veganisra from the cracked fringe to greater acceptance in the mainstream.

VISIONARY Ploughshares has, of late, been concentrating on expanding its training programmes for caterers and cooks with eyes to the future. Recent market research indicates that up to 40% of customers in eating establishments have special dietary needs. As awareness ofhealthy eating in the public at large continues to grow, food producers will be required to respond and broaden their skills base in an informed and competent manner. ^^^^^^^^ The company has established the first and only national training standard which bonds sound nutritional principles to culinary practice. Although the course content is uncompromisingly vegan, it incorporates many other special diet approaches - such as gluten-free, sugarfree, salt-free, low-fet, wheat-free and raw food preferences. Cotmes (which can be customised) are run either 'in-house' or residentially, at the Fisher King, a therapeutic guest house we are currently developing in Glastonbury.


We at Ploughshares wish to express our warmest thanks to many of yon Vegan readers who, over the years, have been loyal customer and friends. Some of those w h o made it all possible include: Miranda Bruce, Sally Pullinger, Araura Berkeley, Lalita Gon I Christine Walmsley, Sophie Pullinger, Michael Cole, Rita Julie Clark, Jack Sanderson, Lynn Simmonds, Celia Zaenc Katherine Monbiot, Palo Cluseau, Sue McQuarrie, T h e Court < Miracles. Quawobolloks, Bernie Rod Malcomb, Richard and . the trainees.

WONDERFUL WATER What we are doing at the Fisher King is the work I find the most rewarding. The 8-day cleansing and detoxification programme consists of cleansing the digestive system, clearing mucloidal plaque from the colon, detoxing the liver, and repopulating the intestinal flora. This is especially helpful for those who have Candida, which has been identified as a precursor to, for example, MS. O n another level cleansing helps one to say goodbye to impacted grief, stress, and trauma, and pulls the rug out from the parts of our

For information about Pbughshares products/services contact:

The Fisher King, 54 R o m a n Way, Glastonbury, Somerset B A 6 S A D (Michael - 01458 831182; Fiona - 01458 835053)




1997 t

Grow Vegan

K w A


The vegan-organic growing page, with Maggie Dunn

he belief that soil fertility cannot be maintained without the use of animal manure has traditionally been seen as a stumbling block to the advancement of vegan-organic horticulture. Relatively few long-term studies of stockless organic farming have been completed but research to date shows that they can be a good economic proposition. Elm Farm Research Centre in Newbury, Berkshire has been carrying out a long-term study on organic farming without the use of livestock since 1986. It believes crop rotation is the key to stockless farming enterprises. A field-scale stockless conversion has been carried out a Luddesdown Organic Farms Ltd in Kent and further experimental conversion studies are underway at ADAS Terrington (MAFF-funded) and CWS Agriculture in Leicester. Elsewhere in the UK, other Elm Farm client farmers are setting up stockless organic systems using eight different rotations


incorporating leguminous green manures to accumulate nitrogen and catch crops to retain nitrogen. Elm Farm and ADAS's research shows that gross margins of stockless systems can be as good as either mixed organic or conventional all-arable systems. Converting part of an all arable fann to a stockless organic rotation has the potential to increase the average margin of the whole unit. It should be considered, according to the particular farm situation and the likely performance of the organic crops. NSA and Countryside Stewardship payments can further increase income (MAFF Organic Conversion Information Service).

oats and couch grass are increasing and may pose limitations to the agronomic success of these rotations. There have been no serious pest and disease problems, other than those attributable to crop stress during the 1990 drought. With a growing world population, the introduction of vegan- organic systems —• making available protein that would otherwise be used inefficiently through the conversion of plant protein into animal protein — is becoming an urgent necessity. Currently, around a quarter of all cropland is devoted to producing grain and other feed for livestock

According to Elm Farm the best approach to setting up a stockless organic system is to use a red-clover, grass and a green manure mixture to build up nitrogen and improve soil structure. Rotations are the primary means of maintaining solid fertility and achieving weed, pest and disease control in organic systems. Crop yields and quality at the Elm Farm and Kent sites have generally been acceptable, with variable success in the use of green manures. Some fertility-building green manures have performed very well, and subsequent cash crop yields have been good. This suggests that such rotations relying on leguminous green manures for fertility-building may be sustainable. Weeds have been little problem so far, although in some of the rotations with limited opportunity for weed control, wild

Elm Fann Research Centre will be making a final report on stockless organic farming in 1998. I look forward to reviewing the results.

T h e Overseas Aid Charity for Vegetarians & Vegans is

VEGFAM (Registered Charity Nr. 232208, Inland Revenue RefXN8555)

FEEDS T H E H U N G R Y W I T H O U T EXPLOITING ANIMALS T h e Fragile Environment of Developing Countries cannot support For over 3 0 years V E G F A M has provided short and long-term Relief to People w h o have been the victims of D r o u g h t , Flood, Cyclone or War in 30 countries. O u r Supporters control h o w much of their Donation goes on Administration since V E G F A M operates three separate Funds for the use of Donors/Testators the particulars of which are: • G E N E R A L D O N A T I O N S paid into a/c N r 65023307 0 0 T h e Co-operative will be apportioned (by % shown) between Bank P L O f • P R O J E C T S (91%) a/c N r 65023323 0 0 at 242 High Street, • Administration Expenses (7%) a/c N r 65023310 0 0 EXETER, EX4 3QB • Office Building Fund (2%) a/c N r 65023336 5 3 Sort Code 08-92-90 S U P P O R T E R S A R E I N V I T E D T O PAY D O N A T I O N S D I R E C T T O ANY OF THESE A C C O U N T S Tel/Fix. Lydfbrd (=01822 820) 203 (or Hitchin (=01462 625450) for more details — Covenant Forms/Bankers Order Forms etc. & (SC Visitors' Accom) or write (SAE appreciated) to: V E G F A M , " T h e S a n c t u a r y " . N r . L y d f o r d , O K E H A M P T O N , D e v o n , E X 2 0 4AL "fMidland Bank a/cs retained for use by existing Donors T h a n k you for your support




1997 t

plague, this time caterpillars which seemed to triple in size overnight! Our free taxi service (via an empty Vegecat pot) ferried them daily to less desirable pastures next door (and yes, we did get permission!)

HABITAT I recently stumbled across a great insect habitat box — beneficial insects love it! Send £,\ 1.95 to:

Peter has also been involved in producing a new combination box and attractant designed specifically for lacewing adults to overwinter in during diapause (a period of suspended animation and growth). (Lacewings eat aphids!)

Garden Jargon

NUMBER ONE The Vegan-Organic Horticultural Agricultural Network's (VOHAN) first newsletter has come to fruition! Perhaps it's time to join up so you too can read about (for example) green manuring and Khadighar — a US vegan farming community? Send your £5 membership to:


The Home Front The eleven ballerina/super column apple and pear 'trees' we planted 2 years ago have finally borne fruit. However, the June downpours fostered mildew in the summer raspberries and brought every self-respecting slug out to play. The blackbirds enjoyed the red currant bushes because we never quite got round to protecting them but, as usual, we took good care of the strawberries — eating a bowl daily from late May (yum) to the end of June (groan). Despite limited time we managed respectable crops of cauliflower, cabbage, courgette, spinach, broad beans, mini cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, sweetcom and potatoes. August saw the outbreak of another

Biofuels Fuel obtained form organic matter (biomass). The oldest renewable energy source — eg wood, plant oils (sunflower, rape, linseed, maize) Biomass Energy rich stock of organic material, energy from organic matter Biotechnology New technological advancements in horticulture —eg genetic engineering Genetically modified crop Plant material that has been altered by inserting a gene from another plant, animal, fish, insect or bacterium Intensive Growing as many crops as possible in a specified area

Grow Vegan puzzler W h a t is botrytis? a 'gardener's stoop' b mushroom spore c a plant disease Write your answer on a postcard, with your name and address, and post to: Grow Vegan Puzzler, The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA by 28 November 1997. The sender of the first correct entry drawn will receive a copy of The Organic Gardener's Handbook.


Reviews The Brown Dog Affair Peter Mason T w o Sevens Publishing £5.50, pbk, 118pp My first thought on picking up this book was how can someone write 105 pages about an Edwardian monument to a dog? But the monument, in the shape of a memorial drinking fountain, was to become one of the most controversial ones in the country, both celebrated and vilified by the two opposing factions in the forceful vivisection battles which raged at the time. The monument was erected in 1906 in London's Battersea Park by a very radical Council. It commemorated the small unknown mongrel dog which, in 1903, had been inadequately anaesthetised and vivisected for the second time in its sad life before being killed at a nearby University College. The young female Swedish students who were present were appalled. They took their story to the National AntiVivisection Society (NAVS) which deliberately provoked a legal case, causing enormous public interest and putting the anti-vivisection cause firmly on the map, despite the NAVS actually losing its action. The outrage caused by the trial, the media interest and the determination of Battersea Council, with its left wing anti-establishment philosophies, its dogs home and its anti-vivisection hospital, were to lead inevitably to the erection of the monument with its provocative plaque. The councillors made it

clear that any medical student staying in Battersea, intent on destroying the statue, would be met by "something more than passive resistance". They did come through, several times, during the Brown Dog Riots, 100 strong on one occasion. There were police charges, blockades of police stations, retaliation attacks by local Battersea youths, punch ups at meetings and police sentry boxes erected to guard the statue. The eventual fate of the statue under a less radical Council and its much later replacement by the good old Greater London Council (GLC) is all thoroughly documented in this well researched book. It is a salutary reminder of the difficulties we still face in attaining rights for animals nine decades later, but is a thoroughly good read. Dave W e t t o n Available from: T w o Sevens, 30 Wyncer

the brown dog V I affair ¥ 1 the story of a monument that divided


the nation


Cruelty-Free Guide to Edinburgh 1997-98 pbk, £2.50 (p&p incl). By post: Margaret Suddaby, Morven Cottage, 1 Inveravon Rd, Loanhead, Midlothian EH209EF

Altruism Without Morality — a Vegan/Vegetarian View David Horton, Vegan Wise, pbk, 62pp, AUSS10 (p&p incl). By post: Vegan Wise, 9/75 Elizabeth Bay Rd, Elizabeth Bay, Sydney, NSW 2011, Australia

Don't Have a Cow! — a Guide with Recipes Janeson Rayne, GSPH, pbk, 143pp, CANS22.45 (p&p incl). Vegan. By post: General Store Publishing House, 1 Main St, Bumstown, Ontario KOJ 1GO, Canada


Animals and their Moral Standing Stephen R L Clark Routledge £12.99, pbk, 194pp Clark is a rights theorist, although not a system builder of the T o m Regan variety. He seeks to ground moral rights in the things we share with non-human animals such as consciousness, and ability to recognise pains and pleasures. This can be a bit annoying for those who think that the notion of rights adds nothing to moral discourse. Clark is also a Christian philosopher, although by and large his arguments are God-free and not theological, thereby making them accessible for those atheists amongst us.

A n i m m . s «!/?«/ their M o r a l


Supkcn ML Clark

The rights that he derives are not the sort of rights that we might expect (and certainly not the ones that Regan derives). He does not believe in the rights to life, liberty and the , -if** pursuit of happiness. We have negative duties to all beings not to interfere with how they live their lives; but positive duties to those beings, both human and otherwise, with whom we share our homes and with whom we have emotional attachments. We have more duties towards those beings that share our homes than those more distant beings such as wild animals and human beings who live in other parts of the world. Within this frame work, Clark tackles a variety of subjects, including our duties to wild animals. Should we protect the prey from the predator? (a subject that raised a few hackles in The Vegan some issues back). The essays in this anthology — a collection of papers written by Prof Clark over 20 years — stand quite well as independent pieces, although they seem to have been edited a little to form the book into a coherent whole. This means that the reader can dip into whichever of the essays sounds interesting. Andrew Luke

Reggae Head Benjamin Zephaniah, 57 Productions, cassette — £7.45; C D —£10.45, 59 mins. 33 poems. By post: 57 Productions, 57 Effingham Rd, Lee Green, London SE128NT Vegetarian and Vegan Guide to the Lake District and Environs 1997-98 Kendal Vegetarians, pbk, 24pp, £1 (p&p incl). By post: Kendal Vegetarians, Low Hse, New Hutton, Kendal LA8 0AZ


Reviewers Andrew Luke is Vegan Society Administration Officer (Membership) and has an MA in Philosophy Dave W e t t o n is a former Secretary of the Hunt Saboteurs Association (1960s-1980) and former League Against Cruel Sports Committee member



1997 t

Contact News VEGAN SOCIETY LOCAL CONTACTS Note: Local Contacts are Vegan Society members who have offered to act, on a voluntary basis, as a point of contact for those interested in the Society's work. They are not official representatives of the Society. Their levels of activity and knowledge may vary according to their individual circumstances. When writing to a Contact, please remember to enclose an SAE.

he Vegan Society's Local Contacts Network continues to grow with the ten new faces of Ged McPhail, Betty Roper, Janet Green, Mercedes Claraso, John Boyce, Gerard Bane, Brian Jacobs, Julie Rosenfield, Sandra Ellis and Simon Mitchell. Sadly, we have to say thanks and good luck to Tom Calthrop, Diane Westwood and Winifred Winton who've decided that they're no longer able to remain as Contacts. Many of the Local Contacts are eager to link up with other people in their area to develop networks to promote veganism, as well as the Vegan Society. If you're involved with a group that may be of interest to your Local Contact, or would like to see if s/he is interested in setting up a group, get in touch. Could you help your Contact arrange something for World Vegan Day on 1 November? The more we work together the easier it will be to create a vegan world.


Brian Barker




1997 t



Contributions to Postbag are welcomed, but accepted on the understanding that they may be edited in the interests of brevity or clarity. Send your letters to: The Editor, 'The Vegan', Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK Fax 01424 717064


I have been involved with several different Buddhist groups but have been consistently disappointed with their attitude towards veganism — the principles of which should sit very comfortably with the Buddhist teachings. I would be interested to hear of other readers' experiences. Chris Cullen


Does anyone know a vegan recipe for naan bread? The shop versions all contain milk. A Pink


Vegan Society, Council member George Rodger asserts that the practice of not consuming animal products is "precisely what a vegan is — no more, no less" (Postbag, Spring 1997). However, The Vegan regularly defines veganism as: a way of living which seeks to exclude, as far as is possible and practical, all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purpose. There is an argument that a 'dietary vegan' is no more fully vegan than one who says 'I'm a vegan but I eat fish'. Margaret Webb Cambs

I commemorated my 87th birthday by climbing Fleetworth Pike which rises above Buttermere and Crummock Water, before going on to do Haystacks, which I first climbed nearly 70 years ago. I doubt if I could have done this if I had not 'seen the light' long ago — in 1924! It is rewarding to be enjoying these late decades with so little difference to my physical powers. I have no rheumatism or, as far as I can detect, anything else nasty. Donald Watson Cumbria Ed. Nice one Donald! Perhaps I could join you next year? On second thoughts — I'd probably slow you down I Donald receives a signed copy of Wendy Turner's Absolutely Animal-Free Cookbook



I've been arranging monthly vegan meals at restaurants over here and have 50 people on my mailing list. Any readers visiting Cyprus are welcome to contact me and perhaps join us for a meal! Julie Grant

I read somewhere (Arkangel, I think) that tobacco is processed using glycerine which cannot be guaranteed to be non-animal. This therefore makes Simon Mundy (Postbag, Summer 1997) a dietary vegan only. If he wants to smoke, that's up to him but it's clearly not vegan. Smoking around children and animals is an ethical issue - they cannot assert their right to clean air. My mum fed me animal products but while this has probably harmed me I feel more damaged by secondhand smoke. Lesley Dove Middlesex


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The V e g a n ,


1997 t

Diary Dates NOVEMBER

I World Vegan Day. Info: Vegan Society, 01424 427393, Fox hunt sabbing season opens. Info: HSA, 01273 62282715 Vegan Society AGM, Conway Hall, Red Lion Sq, Holborn, London WC1, 1 pm. Details: Bill Palethorpe. 01424 42739322 Wolverhampton Christmas Animals Fayre & Jumble Sale, Heath Town Leisure Ctre, 10am-3pm. Info: 01384 456682 26 Free Corky Demo, Anheuser-Busche, Devonshire Sq, London. Meet 12.30 Liverpool St station. Info: Marine Connection, 0171 706 0715: Quintiles Vivisection Lab Demo, nr Ledbury, 11.15am-2pm. Info: 01384 456682 28 House of Commons 2nd Reading of Mike Foster's Wild Mammals (Hunting with Dogs) Bill. Encourage your MP to attend and vote the right way! 30 Christmas Without Cruelty Fayre, Kensington Town Hall, Hornton St, London W8, 10am-5pm. Info: Animal Aid, 01732364546


6 Solihull Animal Aid Christmas Fayre, Shirley Ctre, Stratford Rd, Shirley. Sanctuary fund-raiser. Info: 01564 776984; Nottingham Cruelty-Free/Fair Trade Fair, Methodist Ctre, Lower Parliament St, Nottingham, I I am-4pm. Info: 0115958 5666 13 Birmingham Christmas Animals Fayre & Jumble Sale, St Martins Church, 10am-3pm. Info: 01384 456682; 25-1 Jan Vegan Society office closed For a comprehensive list of events — including regular activities, send an SAE + 2 first class stamps to: The Animal Rights Calendar, 180 Mansfield Rd, Nottingham NG1 3HW. You can e-mail event details to:



See also Contacts




C a r m a r t h e n Vegans Aardvark Wholefoods, Mansell St, Carmarthen, Dyfed E d i n b u r g h Vegans Edinburgh Peace & Justice Resource Ctre, St J o h n ' s C h u r c h , Princes St, Edinburgh E H 2 4BJ Glasgow Vegans Jim Connelly 0141 554 3885 L o n d o n Vegans 24-hour Info Line: 0181 931 1904 Sheffield Vegan Society 22 Station R d , Catcliffe, Rotherham S60 5SS 0114 255 1273




Listings The following businesses offer a discount to Vegan Society members and, in most cases, supporters. All require evidence of membership

Somerset TA7 8RE 01273 433084 10% Veggies Catering Campaign (Nottingham) 180 Mansfield Rd, Nottingham NG1 3HW 0115 9585666 10% (frozen burgers/sosages & snacks 6rom oudets) Vegi Ventures Castle Cottage, Casde Acre, Norfolk PE32 2AJ 01760 755888 5% Vinceremos 261 Upper Town St, Leeds LSI 3 3JT 0113 257 75455%


Discounts ACCOMMODATION Bradford's Tennis School Thicket Meadows North, Newlands Dr, Maidenhead, Berks SL6 4LL 01628 29744 10% (accommodation & tennis lessons) Brookesby Hall Hotel Hesketh Rd, Torquay T Q 1 2LN 0180329219410% Mrs K Clelland (B&B) Bank Farmhouse, Felindre, Berriew, Welshpool, Powys SY21 8 Q X Donmar 43 Bemisdale, Isle of Skye IV51 9NS 0147053220410% (B&B) Glenrannoch House Kinloch Rannoch Perthshire PH16 5QA 018826323075% Gorse Hill Holiday Park [caravan hire/sales] Trefiw Rd, Conwy, N Wales LL32 8HJ 01492 59346510% Green Lodge [s/c] Trawnamadree, Ballylickey, Ban try, Co Cork, Ireland 00353 2766146 5% Greenside 48 St John St, Keswick-onDerwentwater, Cumbria CA12 5AG 017687 74491 20% Inglewood Hotel 26 Palace Terr, Queens Prom, Douglas, Isle of Man IM2 4NF 01624 674734 5% Ivy Guest House 3 Melbourne PI, Bradford, W Yorks BD5 O H Z 01274 72706010% Loaning Head Wholefood Vegetarian Guesthouse Garrigill, Alston, Cumbria 01434 381013 10% (not bar & reductions) Making Waves Vegan Guest House 3 Richmond PI, St Ives, Cornwall 01736 793895 10% Mount Pleasant Farm Gorran High Lanes, St Austell PL26 6LR 01726 84391810% N e w Leslie Farmhouse Leslie, By Insch, Aberdeenshire AB52 6PE 01464 20508 5% T h e Old Court House Trefin, nr St Davids, Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire SA62 5AX 01348837095 5%+ Paskins T o w n House 19 Challotte St, Brighton B N 2 1 AG 01273 601203 10% Prospect Cottage Bank End, Ingleton, via Carnforth, Lanes LA6 3HE 015242 41328 5%+ R a n w o r t h Vegetarian Guesthouse Church Rd, Ravenscar, Scarborough, N Yorks Y O U 0LZ 01723 87036610% Rodson Hall Seven Mile La, E Peckham, Tonbridge, KentTN12 5 N H 01622 812121 10% T h e Rossan Auchencairn, Casde Douglas DG7 1 Q R 01556 640269 10% Sansbury Place Duke St, Settle, N Yorks 01729 823 84010% (not public hols)

1997 t

Stredders Vegetarian Guesthouse Park Cres, Llandrindod Wells, Powys LD1 6AB 015972186 10% The Lodge Tal-yBont, Conway, Gwynedd LL32 8YX 01492 6976610% (not discounted breaks & services) Tigh na Mara The Shore, Ardindrean, nr UUapool, By Loch Broom, Wester-ross, Scotland IV23 2SE 01854 655282 5% (not June-A ug & public holidays) Waterloo House Hotel Lydiate La, Lynton, Devon EX35 6AJ 01598 53391 5%

MISC/MAIL ORDER Altered States Flotation Centre 4 Marlborough Rd, Wootton Bassett, Wilts SN4 7EJ 01793 855414 25% Empress Ltd PO Box 92, Penzance, Cornwall TR18 2XL 01736 6579015% (essential oik) Hermitage Oils East Morton, Keighley BD20 5UQ 01274 56595710% JD Home Deliveries Unit 12, Staveley Workshops, Works Rd, Hollingwood, Chesterfield, Derbys S43 2PE 01246 473818Lower Shaw Farm Shaw, Swindon SN5 9PJ 01793 7710805% Not Just Nuts Barn Cottage, The Street, Wallington, nr Baldock, Herts SG7 6SW 0176 388 209 5% (collected orders, once/month only) Sally Novello [children's party entertainer] 36 Swingate, Kimberley, Notts NG16 2PH 0115 945 9218 Numerology Readings Avon Hse, 62 Hamham Rd, Salisbury, Wilts SP2 8JQ 01722 33558610% Pomegranate Products 2 Westfield Farm Cottages, Front St, Chedzoy, nr Bridgwater, Somerset TA7 8RE 01273

13th Note 80 Glassford St, Glasgow G1 1UR 0141553 163810% Byblos 262 Kensington High St, London W8 0171 603 442210% Cafe Natural Greenhill St, Stratford-u-Avon CV37 6LF 01789 415741 10% Cafe Pushkar 16c Market Row, Brixton, London SW9 8LD 10% Demuths 2 North Parade Passage, Bath BA1 1 NX 01225 446059 Dylans 99 Broad St, Hawley, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffs 01782 286009 5% Fungus Mungus 34 St Peters St, Canterbury, Kent 10% George's Place 7 Queen St, Penrith, Cumbria CA11 7XD 01768 66635 10% The Greenhouse 331 Gt Western Rd, Rusholme, Manchester M14 4AN 0161 224 073010% (nor Sat 5pm+) Herb Garden 24 Upper High St, Taunton, Somerset TA1 3PZ 01823282 884 10% Mandeer 21 Hanway PI, London W1P 9DG 0171 323 066010% Pumpkins 76 Clarence Rd, Hackney, London E5 8HB 0181533 121410% Rasa 55 Stock Newington, Church St, London N16 OAR 0171249 034410% Riverside Vegetaria 64 High St, Kingston-u-Thames, Surrey KT1 1HN 0181 546 799210% Rod North Bailgate, Pontefiact, W Yorks 01977 70391510% St Ann's Well Cafe Victoria Wk, St Ann's Rd, Gt Malvern, Worcs WR14 4RF 01684560285 10% Salamander 22—23 Heathcote St, Hockley, Nottingham NG1 3AG 0115 941 0710 10% Shahee Bhelpoori Vegetarian & Vegan Restaurant 1547 London Rd, Norbury, London SW16 4AD 0181 679627510% (notsupporters)Shiraz 113 Oak La, Bradford, W Yorks BD18 2AF 01274 49017610% South Square


ford, W Yorks BD18 2AF 01274 490176

Cheshire. 10% Health & Diet Centres

8AA 01702300421

10% South Square Vegetarian Cafe

10% Health & Vegetarian Store 229

H e a l t h Foods 4 Bakery Ct, Ashby de

South Sq, Thornton R d , Thornton, Brad-

Oldham R d . Failsworth, Manchester M35

la Zouch, Leics LE65 1AL 01530

Inverness IV1 2 X F 01808521414

ford BD13 3LD 01274 83492810%

0AY 0161 683 4456 5% Health Quest

560601 10% Q u a r r y S h o p 13 Heol

T w o C a t s a n d a Mouse! 61 Q u e e n s

Tea R o o m Des Artistes 697 Wandsworth

The Grosvenor Ctr, Northampton 01604

Maengwyn, Machynlleth, Powys 10%

R d , Clarendon Pk, Leicester LE2 I T T

R d , Clapham, London SW8 3JF 0171 652

30125 10% Herbs and Health 10 Bruce

R o a t h Health Foods 39 Wellfield R d ,


6526 (beer!) T h i n End for Hungry

St, Dunfermline, Fife KY12 7AG 01383

Cardiff CF2 3PA 01222

Vegebility 11 Grange R d , West Kirby,


10% Paragon

4 Q U 0181 399277210%


C r a f t s Milton of Tordarroch, Farr,





People 41a Fore St, St Austell, Cornwall

733915 10% (5% supporters) Holbeach

Salisbury H e a l t h Foods Q u e e n St,

PL25 5PY 01726 7580510%

W h o l e f o o d s 32 High St, Holbeach,

Salisbury, Wilts 10% Sheel H e a l t h &

H e a l t h F o o d S h o p 9 Old Dover R d ,

Herbal 312-314 Lewisham R d ,

Blackheath, London SE3 7 B T

(not support-

ers) T h e Waterways C l u b Shipley Wharf,

Spalding, Lines 0140622149.10%+

Wharf St, Shipley, W Yorks BD17 7 D W

supporters & offers) H u n z a W h o l e f o o d s

London SE13 7PA 0181 244 0809,

6854 10% W h i t c h u r c h H e a l t h Foods


Syon Pk Gdn Ctr, Syon Pk, Brentford,

296-298 Lewisham High St, London

53c Merthyr R d , Cardiff 01222

Middlesex T W 8 8JG 0181

SE13 6JZ 0181

10% W o t e Street H e a l t h S h o p 35




Wirral L48 4 D Y 10% W e l l Bean



0181858 618716

{not supporters) Nature's Gift 11

S u r b i t o n W h o l e Foods 14 Claremont

W o t e St, Basingstoke, Hants R G 2 1

Cotswold R d , Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex SS0

R d , Surbiton, Surrey K T 6 4 Q U 0181

I N F 10%

Ashgrove Stores Horsted Keynes, West Sussex R H 1 7 7AP 01825 790243 Beano Wholefood W o r k e r s C o - o p 36 N e w Briggatc, Leeds, W Yorks LSI 6 N U 0113 243573710%

(Mon—Thurs, orders over

ganising quarterly events. SAE: 17-.V, 4


IVooster Meuis, Hanow, Middlesex HA2 6QS 0181 861 1233 Vegan Information

Movement for Compassionate Living

N e t w o r k Rapid response enquiry service

£5) Breckles W h o l e f o o d s 12 Cawdry

— T h e Vegan W a y Promotes simpler

P O Box2801,

Buildings, Fountain St, Leek, Staffs ST13

vegan lifestyles. Publishes New Leaves

Vegan-Organic Horticultural/

6JP 0153838766010%

(£5pa) Kathleen &'JackJatviaway, 47


Health Food 5 Bridge St, Cambridge CB2

Highlands Rd, Leatherhead, Surrey

Brighton BN1


Agricultural N e t w o r k Researches and KT22

encourages non-animal growing tech-

8NQ Plants For a Future Vegan-organic

niques 58 High La, Chodton,

Wholefoods 10 The Borough,

information centre for edible/useful plants

M21 9DZ0161

Canterbury, Kent C T 1 2 D R 01221

and demonstration ground. SAE: The

Prisoners Supporters G r o u p Helps vegan

464623 5% C a n t o n Health Foods 218

Field, Penpol, Lostwithiel, Cornwall PL22

animal rights prisoners obtain food, toi-

sub: £3 (Non G B — £4) 6 Hayes Ave,

Cowbridge R d East, Cardiff 01222 397983

0NG 01208 873554 Vegan Bikers

letries etc. SAE: PO Box 194, Enfield,


10% Cardiff Health Foods 4 Church St,;js-

Middlesex EN1 J H D 0 1 8 1 2 9 2 8 3 2 5

C y m r e i g (The Wales Vegan) Bilingual

Cardiff 01222 22099010%

1UA 01223 35043310%



860 4869 Vegan

VEGAN PUBLICATIONS Vegan Views Informal quarterly. 4-issue Dorset BH7 7AD Y Figan Vegan Business

(help /mejVegfam Overseas aid agency

quarterly. Sub: £ \ .50 Bronyr

Wholefoods 19 Forty Hill, Enfield, E N 2

Connection Encourages mutual support

based on vegan principles. SAE: 'The


9 H T 0181 363 2933, 90 Aldermans Hill,

within the vegan community and lists

Sanctuary', nrLydford,

Palmers Green, London N 1 3 081 882

businesses supplying vegan goods/services.

Devon EX20 4AL 01822 820203

2799; 2 & 4 Old Station Rd, Newmarket,

SAE: Veggies 180 Mansfield Rd,

Suffolk 5% (not delivery service) D o w n to


Earth W h o l e f o o d s The Enterprise Ctr,

Vegan C o m m u n i t y Project Contact net-

Eastbourne 01323 64954210%


work for those interested in living in a

Vegans International Co-ordinates the

T h o u g h t 38 Market PI, Kingston-u-

vegan community or forming one. 4-issue

promotion of veganism, encourages the

I n t e r n a t i o n a l C o n t a c t s — mainly indi-

Thames, Surrey KT1 7)Q 0181 546 7806

newsletter sub: £2 Bob Howes, 31 Caerau

formation of new organisations, publishes

viduals T r a d e M a r k — registered users

10% Friends Foods 83 Roman Rd,

Rd, Caerau, Maesteg, Bridgend, Mid

a newsletter, and organises vegan festivals.

V e g a n Families — child-raising vegans

London E2 O G N 0181 980

Glamorgan CF34 0PB Vegan Families

Country Co-ordinators: England,

willing to be contacted to provide mutual


Food For


Full of Beans 93 Witton St, Northwich,

Veganism may be defined as a way of living which seeks to exclude, as far as possible and practical, all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purpose. In dietary terms it refers to the practice of dispensing with all animal produce — including meat, fish, poultry, eggs, animal milks, honey, and their derivatives. Abhorrence of the cruel practices inherent in dairy, livestock and poultry farming is probably the single most common reason for the adoption of veganism, but many people are drawn to it for health, ecological, resource, spiritual and other reasons. If you would like more information on veganism a free Information Pack is available from the Vegan Society in exchange for two first class stamps. The Vegan Society was formed in England in November 1944 by a group of vegetarians who had recognized the ethical compromises implicit in lacto (ie dairy-dependent) vegetarianism. Today, the Society continues to highlight the breaking of the strong maternal bond between the cow and its new-born calf

LISTS Send an SAE to the Vegan Society for any of the following lists: H e a l t h C a r e

N e t w o r k Informal group of parents or-


The Vegan Society Trade Mark is the \ / „ property of the Y e C f e i n Vegan Society. The " Society is prepared to authorize the use of its trade mark on products which accord with its 'no animal ingredients' and 'no animal testing' criteria.



NG1 3HW 0115 958 5666

within just four days; the dairy cow's proneness to lameness and mastitis; her subjection to an intensive cycle of pregnancy and lactation; our unnatural and unhealthy taste for cow's milk; and the de-oxygenation of river water through contamination with cattle slurry. If you are already a vegan or vegan sympathiser please support the Society and help increase its influence by joining. Increased membership means more resources to educate and inform. Full membership is restricted to practising (at least dietary) vegans, as defined above, but sympathisers are very welcome as supporters of the Society. Both members and supporters receive The Vegan.


Llandrindod, Powys,

Professionals; I n f o r m a t i o n Sheets;



Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-onSea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, united Kingdom

Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064 Office hours: Mon: 9.30-5.30; Tues-Fri: 9.00-5.30 Visitors by appointment please Registered Charity No. 279228 Company Registration No. 1468880 VAT Registration No. 448 5973 95 Founder Donald Watson Hon Patrons Serena Coles, Freya Dinshah, Dr Michael Klaper, Arthur Ling, Cor Nouws, Wendy Turner, Donald Watson, Benjamin Zephaniah Council Brian Barker (Vice Chair), Terry Bevis (Hon Treasurer), Alex Bourke, Frank

Hutson, Tim Powell, George Rodger, Rick Savage (Chair), Chris Sutoris, Sharon Worsey National Local Contacts Co-ordinator Brian Barker Volunteers Val Ardimento, Claris Barton-Hanson, Eileen Hardy, Amanda Rofe (Information Officer), Derek Sinfield STAFF General Manager Richard Farhall Development Officer Jenny Sawyer Administration Officer Bill Palethorpe Administration Officer (Membership) Andrew Luke Administrative Assistant Shelley Feldman General Assistant (Part-time) Ann Bloomfield




1997 t


of discovery of the meat and dairy in-

A n i m a l L i b e r a t i o n Peter Singer. 2nd

dustries £6.99 W h y A n i m a l

edition [Pimlico] of the bible of the

Experiments Must S t o p Dr Vernon

modern animal rights movement £10.00 A n i m a l Liberation: A G r a p h i c G u i d e Lori Gruen, Peter Singer & David Hine. A powerfully illustrated introduction to the subject £4.95 A n i m a l Rights — E x t e n d i n g t h e Circle of C o m p a s s i o n Mark Gold. Animal rights: the philosophy, principles, history and prospects £7.99 A n i m a l s , Politics & M o r a l i t y Robert Garner. A n assessment of moral issues, philosophical claims, the modern animal protection movement and strategies employed


Dreaded Comparison: Human and A n i m a l S l a v e r y Marjorie Spiegel. A penetrating study loaded with shocking comparisons of human and animal slavery, of racism and speciesism £3.95 Feminism, A n i m a l s a n d S c i e n c e Lynda Birke. Feminist concerns about animal suffering and the relevance of feminist critiques of modern science to the treatment of animals in laboratories £13.99 Silent A r k Juliet Gellatley. A personal story


Coleman. The moral, ethical, medical and scientific arguments against vivi-

A b u n d a n t Living in the Coming A g e of t h e Tree Kathleen Jannaway. Towards a vegan, tree-based culture £2.00 B e y o n d Beef — The Rise and Fall of t h e Cattle Culture Jeremy Rifkin. The real costs of the 'cattle culture': animal suffering, hunger, poverty, environmental destruction £8.99 Compassion: The Ultimate Ethic ( A n Exploration of Veganism) Victoria Moran. An examination of the history and philosophy of the vegan movement £4.95 McLibel — Burger Culture o n Trial John Vidal. The story of the epic legal battle between McDonalds's and two campaigners £15.99(Hdbk)

The Realeat

Encyclopedia of Vegetarian Living vegan in content. Includes 300 international vegan recipes £16.99(Hdbk)

COOKBOOKS 365 Plus O n e V e g a n Recipes Leah

main courses, side dishes, sweets and


salads £6.99 The Absolutely Animal-Free Cookbook Wendy Turner. Straightforward yet sumptuous recipes for the time-strapped vegan £9.99 A n Allergy Cookbook


Patricia Carter. Recipes free of animal products, chocolate, salt, sugar, bak-



ing powder, wheat and cornflour £6.25 Cook V e g a n Richard Youngs. A tempting mix of simple and imaginative recipes by The Vegan's cookery writer £6.99 Green Gastronomy Colin Spencer. Gourmet vegan recipes arranged by season £9.99 The Single V e g a n Leah Leneman. This is the book to persuade you that it really is 'worth the bother' for one £5.99 R a i n b o w s & Wellies Jackie Redding & Tony Weston. An unusual and enchanting cookbook offering recipes for 14 nights of six person vegan din-



downs £1 J.99 The Vegan & Gordon Baskerville. 200 richly varied and carefully graded recipes, ranging from the quick and simple right through to the unashamedly gourmet £7.99 Vegan Cooking Eva Batt. More than 300 simple, nourishing and economical recipes. A classic £6.99Vegan Feasts Rose Elliot. An innovative mix of quick and easy recipes — both modern and well-established £6.99 The Vegan Gourmet (US) Susann GeiskopfHadler & Mindy Toomay. Delicious and imaginative vegan cuisine with recipe nutrient breakdowns £8.99 The Vegan Kitchen M a t e (Aus) David Horton. 100 simple recipes, complete with kitchen tips £3.25

Peter Cox. Despite the title, principally

Leneman. An imaginative and varied

^» F E A S T S H' ^

Wasserman. Includes 70-page nutri-

Cookbook (2nd ed) Alan Wakeman

collection of ideas for starters, soups,

• V E G A N

Simply Vegan (2nd ed) (US) Debra


case for veganism £6.95


search on vegan diets. Includes key

Scottish Highlands £14.95 (Hdbk)

tion section and recipe nutrient break-

and straightforward exposition of the


comprehensive survey of scientific re-

section £6.95

W h y V e g a n Kath Clements. A simple

P Jt E E TO OKB cjlj |f C-fX

ner parties at Taigh na Mara Vegetarian Guest House in the

Autumn 1997


points, easy-to-follow tables, chapters on all major nutrients and section on vegan mothers and children £8.95 Vegan Nutrition: Pure & Simple (US) Michael Klaper MD. A practical guide showing how sound vegan diets can satisfy all the body's needs and play a major role in the prevention and treatment of many degenerative diseases £7.95

REFERENCE The Animal-Free Shopper The Vegan Society. Popular shopping guide for those wishing to buy goods which are free of animal ingredients and involve no animal testing. Includes product listing sections — Food, Drink, Toiletries & Cosmetics etc; useful addresses; and information on animal substances and additives £4.95 The Animal Welfare Handbook Caroline Clough & Barry Kew. A guide to animal welfare and rights —the issues, arguments, legislation, organisations and resources

HOME & GARDEN Forest Gardening Robert A de J Hart. 2nd edition of the vegan guide to creating a food-producing forest garden £!0.95The Green Home Karen Christensen. A lively and wideranging introduction to all aspects of green home-making £9.99 The Organic Gardener's Handbook Margaret Elphinstone & Julia Langley. A comprehensive and practical guide to the subject — including plenty of information and advice suitable for green-fingered vegans £9.99

NUTRITION & HEALTH Foods That Cause You t o Lose W e i g h t (US) Neal Barnard MD. An American vegan doctor explains how choosing certain vegan foods leads to, and sustains long-term weight loss £8.99 Love Yourself, So Hate the W e i g h t ! (US) Brother Craig. Vegan

£8.99 Food For Free Richard Mabey. The wild food forager's bible — details of over 240 edible berries, nuts, fungi and leaves £7.99The Pocketbook of Animal Facts & Figures Barry Kew. All the information you need — at your fingertips £6.99The Vegan Passport George Rodger. What vegans eat (and don't eat!) in 38 languages £2.99 Vegetarian Cats & Dogs (US) James Peden. The development and use of Vegecat — the supplement imported by the Vegan Society for vegan cats £8.95 Vegetarian London (previously Cruelty-Free Guide to London J Useful guide to veggie/vegan eating places and healthfood shops £4.99

VERSE Talking Turkeys Benjamin Zephaniah. Fun poems by the presenter of Truth or Dairy £8.99 (Hdbk)

slimming tips from a weight-losing Catholic monk. £8.95 Pregnancy, Children & the Vegan Diet (US) Michael Klaper MD. A practical guide to ensuring health and balance throughout pregnancy and to raising healthy children on a 100% animalfree diet £7.95 Vegan Nutrition Gill Langley MA PhD MIBiol. The most

A number of titles lack a vegan perspective but have nevertheless been included on the basis of their informativeness or practical value • Ring 01424 427393 for Vegan Society publications & merchandise catalogue • Order form opposite


THE VEGAN Prize Crossword


Send in a photocopy (or original) of the solution to this crossword, together with your name and address, by 28 November and you'll be entered in a draw for a copy of the new Animal-Free Shopper. Solution in the next issue. Congratulations to Pauline Lloyd, sender of the first correct solution to The Vegan Prize Crossword 9 to be drawn.

Compiled by Kate Sweeney 1







1 Type of 13 Across made with two vegetables (4,3,6) 7





Stalk (4)


Produced a shoot (8)

10 Add water to (6) 10

11 Pear-shaped fruit used in jellies (6)


12 Cool into a solid (3) 13 Baked dish (3)


15 Chinese name for tofu (3,3)








Dine (3)


Small orange-like fruit (7)


Dressing into which food is put (3)


Syrup, molasses (7)


Kind of water or bread (4)


Maize kernels (9)


Salad plants (French) (9)


Mr Geller (3)

12 Mangetout (4,3)

17 Drink (6) 14


18 Holes (8)

13 Thin, round crispy piece of Indian dough (7)

20 Type of scone (4)


22 One alternative to a dairy product (6.3.4)

16 Type of training for fruit trees (3)

fried, like a 13 Down (4)

19 Spirit which may be made from sloes (3) 21 The content of this in Brazil nuts is high (3)




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Post c o d e Return to: The Vegan Prize Crossword 10, The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Batde Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, UK



Postage charges: Less than £5 add 95p; £5-C9.99 add £\ .50; £1CMM9.99 add£2.50; £20-£29.99 add £3.25; £30+ add £4.50 (free in UK) (OVERSEAS: Europe —- multiply rates by 2; Other — multiply rates by 4) ^ I enclose a cheque/PO payable to 'The Vegan Society' (Eire & overseas: payment must be made by sterling International Money Order or sterling cheque drawn on a British bank) ~ Please debit my (delete not applicable) Visa/Mastercard/Access/Eurocard/Switch/Visa Delta/Connect card number*

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Return to: The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex TN37 7AA, United Kingdom Tel 01424 427393 Fax 01424 717064 * Minimum order value £5.00 This form may be photocopied




1997 t



WINDMILL RESTAURANT 486 Fulham Road, SW6, (0171) 381 2372. Well established vegetarian/vegan restaurant and takeaway serving only good food made on our premises. No additives, just warm, friendly service. Open Motv-Sat 1 lam-11pm Sundays 1 lam-5pm. Weekend breakfasts, lunches, evening meals. loin us sometime.



DONATIONS required to help purchase sheltered accommodation for elderly vegans in need. Contributions to: 'Homes For Elderly Vegetarians Ltd", Chancery House, St Nicholas Way, Sutton, Surrey SMI 1JB. 0181652 1900. Specify 'Vegan Fund'.

TEMPEH KITS — Nutritious, delicious and different! lust add to beans/grains. £5. Polly Syred, Middle Travelty, Beguildy, Knighton. Powys LD7 1UW.

BAR CAFE VENUE 80 G l a s s f o r d S t r e e t Glasgow G1 1 U R 0141 553 1 638 R O O M T O L E T at Vegfam HQ N/S vegan. SAE to: 'The Sanctuary', Nr Lydford, Okehampton EX204AL Tel/Fax 01822 820203.

ANIMAL CARE WANTED URGENTLY: Good homes for chickens, turkeys, ducks, quail, rabbits etc. If you can offer a good home please contact Box 415, c/o The Vegan Society, giving a contact name, address and phone number. Thank you.


Come along to The 13th Note and experience our delicious home-cooking. There is a 10% discount on food bill for all Vegan Society members. T h e 13th Note cafe is completely animal/dairy free and is therefore suitable for both vegans and vegetarians. O p e n i n g hrs: N o o n — 1 1 . 4 5 p m F o o d served n o o n - 7 p m



Chinese Pure Vegetarian Restaurant

Tel. 01633-615465 or 0171-2282564 or write:


MID-WALES Vegan B&B/Ashbrooke therapies. Unwind before log fires amidst beautiful hills and woodlands. Ideal for walking, relaxing, dreaming. (01686)413671.



organic corn g r o w n without paatlclda*. From good food atora* or aand SAE for M a i l Ordar to Dova* Farm Food*. Hungarford. Barkahlra, R017 ORF


0171 584 7007 Also at 41 Clarence Way 0171482

Camden 4449




ALLSEASONS WHOLEFOOD V E G E T A R I A N RESTAURANT 167 S t M a r y s L a n e , U p m i n s t e r E s s e x R M 1 4 3 B L , 0 1 7 0 8 640340 Fully licensed and air conditioned. Extensive range of vegan wines and beers. W e specialise in quality wholefood cuisine. Organic produce is used where possible. The majority of food we produce is vegan W e can also supply food for outside functions (weddings, celebrations etc). Opening Hours Monday 10am-4pm Tuesday-Saturday 10am-9.30pm* Sunday 10am-3.00pm * Last Orders taken at 9.30pm Allseasons is strictly non smoking Easy access from junction 29 M25

Vegan/Vegefarian cafe-coffee shop.

Pumpkins is sifuafed in fhe hearf of Hackney,where you can enioy coffee and cakes,a fighf snack,or a deficious meaf from our menu or daify speciafs board.









1997 t

'Novelty and traditional designs for all occasions tondon pick-up address 0 1 7 1 - 2 4 3

- 8 2 2 5


Scotland the Green Veg. & Vegan Hideaways guide £4.95 incl. p&p. Rainbows & Wellies Scottish Vegan dinner party cookbook £16.95 Taigh na Mara Veg. Guest House &Vegan Info Service, Freepost IV1229 The Shore, Lochbroom. Ullapool IV23 2BR Tel 01854 655282 Fax 292 with credit cards or see W e b page o n "Nessie o n the N e t "


Shiatsu T h e E u r o p e a n Shiatsu School has b r a n c h e s in L o n d o n & t h r o u g h o u t the U K & Europe F o r p r o s p e c t u s , please send 3 first class stamps to: ESS Central Administration (Dept VE) High Banks, Lockeridge, Nr Marlborough Wilts SN8 4EQ Tel: 01672 861362


GREEN/DIY FUNERALS Eco-friendly inexpensive coffins, memorial tree-planting. Please send £1 in unused stamps with A5 size SAE to Box 328.

8 Egerton Garden Mews Knightsbridge London SW3

REPS WANTED. Ethical companies and campaigning organisation require representative^) to sell books and gifts. Commission only to start. Call 01929422727.

FRANCE At last! Now open vegan NS B&B in Pyrenees. Accommodation in 101 yrold stone farmhouse shared with owners. Walking, cycling, relaxing. 500FF or £50 pppw. Write: Le Guerrat. 09420 Rimont. France. Tel. 00 33 5 61963703. HOLIDAY FLAT D.I. Y B&B in Victorian vegan home. Woodland fell setting. Twin/family bedroom. Windermere 015394 47977. INGLETON Yorkshire Dales. Vegetarian/Vegan B&B £ 16 at picturesque Prospect Cottage. Two or more nights £14. Tel: 015242 41328. ISLE OF WIGHT B&B. Peaceful home of vegetarian/vegan owners. Picturesque village. Tel: (01983) 731279. Evening meals available by request.

FLAKES Wholagraln malt awaatanad flak** of





owners! Irene & Norman Long. Tel. 01297444790. DORSET Vegan guest house set in A.O.N.B. Coastal walks. Home of alternative healers. Offering courses, alternative treatment of animals. (01297)678597.

VEGAN BODYBUILDING is possible. Muscles without meaL Prove a point. Free membership, help/advice & contacts. W B B , 17 Inglewood Road, Rainford, St Helens. Lanes WA11 7QL. SAE appreciated.

HOUDAY ACCOMMODATION B&B in Victorian vegan home. Woodland fell setting. Twin/Family room. Windermere 015394 47977. B&B, VEGETARIAN/VEGAN Near Heathrow. Windsor, Henley, Reading. Berkshire, Bath Rd. A4. £35 double. £20.00 single. Tennis school for lessons. Bradfords, Maidenhead 01628 29744. BANTRY, IRELAND Self calering apartments for singles, couples and families. Peaceful wooded surroundings. Organic vegetables and vegan wholefoods available. Chris, Green Lodge, Trawnamadree, Ballylickey, Bantry. County Cork. 003532766146. CUMBRIA Vegan B&B. 2 rooms. Strictly no smoking. Children very welcome. Good local walks and marvellous vegan food!

The Old Post Office Llanigon, Hay-on-Wye

W P f A very special, distinctly different, 17tb century listed bouse at the foot of the Black Mountains. Only two miles from the famous hook town of Hay-on-Wye. Separate guests sitting room, lovely bedrooms £r relaxed atmosphere. Exclusively vegetarian/vegan. From £15 pp. Tel: 01497 820008

( ^ a/ J ^W00U60W

. -

Qu>e{ Country Hotel overlooking beautiful tidal estuary and bird sanctuary.

Britain's oldest vegetarian/vegan hotel stands in its own grounds close to beaches and unspoilt coastal walks. 'Woodcote', The Saltings, Lelant, St lues, Cornwall Tel. 01736 753147

DORSET Detached country home in quiet hamlet near Wimbonie. Exclusively vegetarian/vegan B&B. Spacious comfortable twin en-suite T/C facilities, TV. Ideal touring, walking, cycling area. No smoking. £I7per person per night. Tele:01202 841561. DEVON (Lydfbrd). S/C for N/S visitors at VEGFAM's HQ. SAE to: 'The Sanctuary '. Nr Lydford, Okehampton EX204AL Tel/Fax: 01822 820203. DORSET (Lyme Regis) Exclusively vegan/vegetarian B&B. Double self contained en-suite available. Tea & coffee making facilities. Colour T. V. Non smoking. Off road parking. 10 minutes walk to seafront. Dogs welcome with well behaved owners!



Vegetarian/vegan B&B, delightful country house accommodation. Situated in Beatrix Potter's picturesque village with its olde worlde inn, 2 miles from Hawkshead, Lake Windermere (car ferry) 2 miles. Delicious breakfast, lovely bedrooms. Superb lake/country views. For brochure tel.


M O R O C C O House/Apartments to let in walled city of Tarondannt close to High Atlas and AnaAtlas Mountains. High standard kitchens and bathrooms. Spacious, traditional decorations and furnishings. Ideal for families or groups.


Brookesby Hall Hotel

~SEAPOINT~ E X M O O R NATIONAL PARK Comfortable Edwardian guest house with spectacular views across Porlock Bay and set in the heart of Exmoor's wild heather moorland. Delicious traditional vegetarian and vegan cuisine. Fine wines. Log fires. Candlelit dinners. Luxurious bedrooms, all en-suite. E T B 2 crowns Highly commended AA 3 Q Recommended 2d p &B


WILDLIFE HOTEL Open all year round Licensed. 1 0 0 % n o n - m e a t . Small friendly hotel. (Exclusively vegan/vegetarian. Special diets catered f o r — all freshly made.) N o smoking throughout. Situated t w o m i n u t e s from the sea. N e a r all t h e attractions. Parking available. 39 W o o d field R o a d , B l a c k p o o l F Y 1 6 A X . T e l . 01253 346143.

S m a l l homely V i c t o r i a n G u e s t H o u s e o v e r l o o k i n g bay. B & B , e v e n i n g meal, vegetarian, vegan, gluten free and filtered w a t e r . C . H . B i r d w a t c h i n g , golf, hill c l i m b i n g .

Please contact res. props tor brochure and further details.




4 DAYS £250 PER COUPLE DINNER O N 24TH DEC BREAKFAST AND DINNER 25TH, 26TH , 27TH AND BREAKFAST ON 28TH En-suite, Television, Tea/Coffee making, Own entrance. Peaceful setting. Pub, Shop P.O., Restaurant 10 mins. Good walking. Cycling and Riding locally


11 & N E W Y E A R S )



2 day breaks inclusive

r ? food,


of excellent

wine, good company

& games



^ V> ©

Tel Claire or Jon on 01760 7 5 5 1 6 5 ^

Exclusively Vegan & Vege B&B in our large 18th century home adjacent to the castle ruins in picturesque medieval conservation village. Vegan evening meals a speciality! From ;£16.50pppn. Phone Jon or Claire for details on 01760 755165 Mobile 0378 610546


ITA ON 00353 6398926 CHAPEL STREET. E X F O R D S O M E R S E T TA24 7PY Relax in t h e heart of E x m o o r National Park and e n j o y the beautiful surroundings. N o smoking. Exclusively vegetarian and vegan food. Most rooms en-suite, all with tea/coffee facilities. C o n t a c t Nigel for details, telephone 01643 831694

ASHDO Abundant wildli surrounds this cottage in rural East Sussex; ideal for walki relaxing; or longer bre« exclusively ve!w vegetarian B & B; Non smoking, ensuil facilities, guest loui


1701825 Glenrannoch House Vegetarian/ Vegan Relax in our spacious comfortable house overlooking Loch Rannoch and Schiehallion. Log fires, own organic producc. Homemade organic breads, special diets catered for. Brochure:

Tel a


• 0


Spoil yourself at our Lakeland haven

Comfortable Victorian guest house in the heart of Keswick. Lovely rooms, some ervsuite & with mountain views. Imaginative » extensive breakfasts.

Delicious Home-Cooking, Special Diet Catering, Non-Smoking, Open Fires Explore Yorkshire Dales and Famous Settle/Carlisle Railway

•100% Vegan & Vegetarian * Non-smoking' * Families Welcome * B&B from £16pp* For a brochure S to book contact Naomi or tony: Eden Green Vegetarian Guest House, 20 Blencathra St, Keswick CA124HP

, T e l . 01729 823840

Our reputation is our




South West France The longest established exdusively vegan and vegetarian guest house in France, set within a peaceful hamlet in this unexploited and beautiful region. We offer a very high standard of comfort and hospitality ensuring a relaxing holiday. Our internationally acdaimed imaginative cuisine is freshly cooked each evening using our own fresh produce. For 1997 brochure telephone (0033) or write to:


SftQfbur? Plae«


to Vegan & Society

Castle Acre, Norfolk Vegan B&B CHRISTMAS IN IRELAND


Tel: 01803 292194


Tel: 01643 862289

Galloway Solway Coast

Exclusively vegetarian. Glorious sea views. Quietly situated next to an extensive area of coastal woodland. Close to beach and town centre. Delicious wholefood vegan meals prepared by vegan proprietress.



Reasonable rates. Brochure. Tel/Fax: 01267 233279 or e-mail O L D R E C T O R Y H O T E L Maentwrog, 01766 590305. Three acre riverside garden. Main house/budget annexe. All en-suite. Informal atmosphere, home cooking, vegan & Italian menu. Reduced 2+ nights. Dogs welcome. P E M B R O K E S H I R E Coast — Trefin. nr St Davids. Vegetarian/Vegan guest house, en-suite rooms. 5 mins walk from spectacular coastal path. Walking and climbing holidays available. Tel 01348 837095. S T IVES Cornwall. Vegan guest house. Close to beaches and picturesque harbour. En-suite rooms. Self-catering apariment also available. St Judes. St Ives Road, Carbis Bay, St Ives, Cornwall TR26 2SF. Tel. 01736 795255. S C O T T I S H H I G H L A N D S Near Kyle of Lochalsh. Vegan B&B in modem bungalow with spectacular views. Ideal centre for exploring Skye and Wester Ross. B&B From £15, E M £9.

T h e o r d e r is an i n f o r m a l Fellowship, having f o r its service in life t h e cultivation o f t h e Spirit o f Love towards all Souls: H e l p i n g the weak and d e f e n d i n g t h e defenceless a n d oppressed; Abstaining from h u r t i n g the creatures, e s c h e w i n g b l o o d s h e d a n d flesh eating, a n d living u p o n the p u r e foods so a b u n d a n d y provided by nature; W a l k i n g in t h e M y s t i c W a y o f Life, w h o s e Path leads to the realization of t h e C h r i s t h o o d ; A n d s e n d i n g forth t h e Mystic T e a c h i n g s u n t o all w h o m a y be able to receive t h e m — those sacred interpretations of t h e Soul, t h e C h r i s t h o o d , a n d the Divine Love and W i s d o m , for w h i c h the O r d e r of t h e C r o s s stands. R e g u l a r Services, M e e t i n g s a n d R e t r e a t s are held in L o n d o n a n d elsewhere. For f u r t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n please contact: The Headquarters (VN), 10 De Vere Gardens, London W8 5AE, telephone 0171-937 7012.


S O M E R S E T Exclusively vegetarian guest house. All meals vegan. Bordering Devon and Dorset. It is an ideal base for touring, walking or relaxing in our 16th century house. Crewkeme 01460 73112. SUSSEX B&B VegetarianA'egan. Beautiful period farmhouse and gardens. South Downs and Brighton nearby. Dogs welcome. £l8pp Tel: 01403 741019. W H I T B Y Falcon Guest House. B&B, vegan/vegetarian. Quiet location, seven minutes walk from centre and harbour. Lounge and sunny breakfast room. Parking near house. Tea-making equipment. £15 (plus child reductions). Tel: 01947603507.

.Vegetarian Nursing & Rest H o m e 7/9 O a k P a r k Villas, D a w l i s h , D e v o n E X 7 ODE. Tel: - (01626) 862794 Exclusively Vegetarian A n d Vegan Diets. Wholistic Care offered with a choice o f C o m p l e m e n t a r y therapies. A friendly, n o n - s m o k i n g h o m e f o r S h o r t o r L o n g stay, H o l i d a y a n d Respite Care


Y O R K VegetarianA'egan wholefood, nonsmoking B&B. Comfortable en-suite accommodation. 10 mins walk centre. £18.


THE VEGETARIAN CHARITY Funds are available to help young vegetarians/vegans, up to the age of 25, who are in need and to educate young people in the principles of vegetarianism. Applications


The Grants Secretary, T H E VEGETARIAN CHARITY 14 Winters Lane Ottery St Mary EX11 1AR '

Tel: 017687 72022; Fax: 71331




1997 t

CUSTODIAN NETWORK Do you feel isolated?

The Custodian Network is a new venture to provide an opportunity for closer contact with others in the UK who feel the same as you do about animal suffering. If you would welcome the chance to get in touch with like-minded vegans and wish your name/address (telephone number optional) to be included on a list for circulation within the link-up, for further details please contact: C u s t o d i a n s , Kent Place, Lechlade, Glos. GL7 3 A W





C O N T A C T C E N T R E is a caring, so low fees friendship agency, quite different from all others catering exclusively for vegans and vegetarians b o t h in Britain and abroad for any purposes. C O N T A C T C E N T R E enables you to choose friend(s) from detailed adverts a n d / o r to write an advert yourself without disclosing y o u r n a m e and address. C O N T A C T C E N T R E gives full scope to y o u r individual wishes; you don't even have to c o m p l e t e a form. Instead a friendly ear is lent to every member. As w e c a n n o t tell all in this advertisement, please write for membership details from:

LIVING WITHOUT CRUELTY DIARY 1998 The pocket diary for vegans and animal activists. Full colour cover. Packed with features on everything from ethical investment and vegan villages to fair trade and genetic engineering, and a Directory of Green Organisations. Guest contributors include Andrew Tyler, Kathleen Jannaway and Mark Glover. £5 post free from Jon Carpenter Publishing, Room VS. The Spendlove Centre, Charlbury OX7 3PQ.

c o w r i e ? C E W N V E (MV) B C M C u d d l e , London W C 1 V 6 X X enclosing an SAE and stating your gender

AHIMSA. Quartedy magazine of the American Vegan Society. Veganism. Natural Living, Reverence for Life. Calendar Year subscription £l 2. Address: PO Box H. Malaga, NJ 08328, USA. "THE HAPPY VEGAN COOKBOOK" Delicious, quick and easy recipes by vegan chef. Please send postal order or cheque, made payable to Ms A Cook, for £3.50. Send to Ms A Cook. PO Box 2603, Eastbourne. East Sussex BN21 2EF.

CRUELTY-FREE COMPANIONS Exclusively vegan contact agency! For details send SAE to: CFCs, 7 Trafalgar Close, Wouldham, Kent ME1 3YF

PUBLICATION DATES March. June, September. December

COPY DATES 25 Jan, 25 April, 25 July, 18 October


Tel 01892 783820/783367

Advertisements are accepted subject to their satisfying the condition that the products advertised are entirely free from ingredients derived from animals; that neither products nor ingredients have been tested on animals: and that the content of such ads does not promote, or appear to promote, the use of non-vegan commodities. Books, records, tapes etc. mentioned in advertisements should not contain any material contrary to vegan principles. Advertisements may be accepted from catering establishments that are not run on exclusively vegan lines, provided that vegan meals are available and that the wording of such ads reflects this. The submission of an advertisement is deemed to warrant that the advertisement does not contravene any Act of Parliament, nor is it in any other way illegal or defamatory or an infringement of any other party's rights or an infringement of the British Code of Advertising Practice. The Vegan Society reserves the right to refuse or withdraw any advertisement. Although every care is taken, the Vegan Society cannot accept liability for any loss or inconvenience incurred as a result of errors in the wording, or the late or non-appearance of an advertisement.


TRAVEL AFRICAN SAFARI Vegan couple going to travel extensively in Africa would like to form groupfs) to share costs. Join us for anything from 1 month to 1 year. We will travel by Land Rover, and then later by bicycle and public transport. All travel will be wildlife oriented.

BOX NUMBERS W h e n replying to a box n u m b e r address y o u r envelope as follows: Box No. , The Vegan Society, Donald Watson House, 7 Battle Road, St Leonards-onSea, East Sussex TN37 7AA.

RATES AND CONDITIONS All prices inclusive of VAT Loyalty discount (repeat advertising): 10% Box No: (per insertion) £2.00 extra Lineage: Commercial:

CLASSIFIED ORDER FORM Please insert this a d in t h e next

Pre-payment please by cheque or postal order made payable to 'The Vegan Society'. Eire and overseas: Payment must be by sterling cheque drawn on an British bank or by sterling International Money Order.

for busy cat rescue, neutering and rehoming centre in Lewisham, South London and sanctuary in East Sussex. Accommodation and food provided. Interesting, varied team work largely with feral cats. Celia Hammond Animal Trust, High StreeL Wadhurst, E Sussex TN5 6AG


C E W R ' E


issue/s of The Vegan under the heading



Commercial: £6.60 for 20 words (minimum) Additional words: 39p each. Non-commercial: £4.50 for 20 words (minimum). Additional words: 25p each. Copy of Vegan in which ad appears: £1.95 Semi-display (boxed): Commercial: £7.26 per single column centimetre. Non-commercial: £4.95 per single column centimetre. Typesetting: £5.00. Graphic scanning: £5.00. Spot colour (green): £5.00 Display (non-classified boxed) & Inserts. Please ring for a rate card. Advertising Manager: Jenny Sawyer

TWO NEW BOOKS from the Caring Cook Janet Hunt: "Meals for All Seasons" & "Light Meals and Snacks". £2.95 each incl p&p. From: Animus Ltd, 2 Onslow Gardens. London El8 INE Tel: 0I929 422727.







































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1997 t

The Vegan Autumn 1997  

The magazine of The Vegan Society