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THE

10

P

VEGAN

Vol.20

No. 3

A u t u m n , 1973

This OUR

Issue:

CONCERN

FOR

ANIMALS

CONTENTS Man's Unity with All Life

J.

Sanderson

Alternatives to Vivisection

K.

Jannawaj

The Spiritual Healing Small Hospital Facts about Furs

M. Preston D. Jones

ALSO

Readers' Contributions, Reports, Recipes

AND

Shopping with Eva


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Organic c e r e a l s .

DULSE (seaweed)

- Adds flavour to soups and s t e w s .

SOYA BEANS

- The Protein B e a n .

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VEGFAM

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During 1973 VEGFAM continues feeding Buddhist orphans in Vietnam (via Mrs C Barclay) with extra b e a n s , and in South India, gypsy orphans (Narikurava - " o u t c a s t f o x e s " ) and leper children (some only toddlers) with dal rice v e g e t a b l e s (via Brother J a c o b and Brother Kamalanathan). A well has been financed in Maharashtra to serve a v i l l a g e with a medicalpost in a bad drought a r e a . Large s c a l e plant protein t r i a l s are being planned by various U n i v e r s i t y , nutritional and charity b o d i e s , to be carried out in India, to a s s e s s the value of this diet supplement and VEGFAM w i l l , it i s hoped, contribute to the c o s t . VEGFAM, The Sanctuary, Lydford, Okehampton, D e v o n .

LIVE

EXPORTS

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UP THE

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A COMPLETE VEGAN RECIPE BOOK

WHAT'S COOKING?

by Eva Batt

This unique r e c i p e book i s a fully comprehensive guide to nutrition - the Vegan way: * Advice on planning and preparing d i s h e s for flavour, food v a l u e , eye a p p e a l . *

Simple and economic d i s h e s for one - or a f a m i l y .

*

D e l i c i o u s c a k e s and d e s s e r t s without using dairy products.

£ 1 . 2 5 from the Secretary by filling in the f6rm below - or, a l t e r n a t i v e l y , autographed c o p i e s can be had from the author - 123 Baker S t r e e t , Enfield, M i d d l e s e x . ALSO

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"WHAT'S COOKING?"

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This simulated leather will c l e a n anything - windows, upholstery, kitchen equipment, anything.' Unaffected by d e t e r g e n t s , o i l or g r e a s e . Recommended price : 6 6 p . FREE

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To:

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"WHAT'S COOKING? "

ORDER NOW.'

THE VEGAN SOCIETY, 47 Highlands Road, Leatherhead,

P l e a s e supply copy.

I enclose

c o p i e s of " W h a t ' s C o o k i n g ? " at £ 1 . 4 5 per for £ Date . .

Name Address

Surrey.


THE VEGAN SOCIETY Founded 1944 Advocates living on the products of the plant kingdom to the e x c l u s i o n of a l l food and other commodities derived wholly or in part from a n i m a l s . Its members b a s e t h e i r . l i v e s on the e t h i c of Reverence for Life and s e e k to free t h e m s e l v e s from a l l forms of cruelty and e x p l o i t a t i o n . They are aware of man's r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s to his environment and s e e k to promote the proper use of the r e s o u r c e s of the e a r t h . President: Dr Frey E l l i s , , Epsom, Surrey. Deputy President: Mr J Sanderson. Vice Presidents: Mrs E Batt, Mrs S C o l e s , Mr J D i n s h a h , Mrs M Henderson, Dr C Nimmo, M i s s W Simmons, M i s s M Simmons, Mrs E Shrlgley, Dr F W o k e s . Secretary: Mrs K Jannaway, , Leatherhead, Surrev. Treasurer, : Mrs G Smith a s s i s t e d b y Linda Emptage who w i l l r e c e i v e s u b s c r i p t i o n s in future: , R a m s g a t e , Kent Librarian: Mr W Wright, , Enfield, M i d d l e s e x . Literature Secretary: Mrs V F a r r e l l , , Golden Lane, London EC1 . Council Mrs E Batt, Mrs S C o l e s , Dr F E l l i s , Mr J Sanderson, Mrs G Smith, Mr A W i l l i a m s , Mr W Wright. Minimum Subscription: which includes "THE VEGAN", ÂŁ 1 . 2 5 p . a . (and 6 3 p . for e a c h additional member of one family at the same r e s i d e n c e ) ; 6 3 p . if age under e i g h t e e n , payable in January. Life Membership : ÂŁ 2 0 . THE VEGAN Quarterly j o u r n a l . Free to members. 55p- p . a . i n c . postage - single c o p i e s 1 Op. + 3p. p o s t a g e . Editorial Board: Kathleen Jannaway, S e c r e t a r y , to whom a l l copy should be sent; Eva Batt, Chairman of the C o u n c i l , Karl F a r r e l l , of the Young Vegan S e c t i o n . Editorial Advisor: Jack Sanderson B . S c . S c i e n t i f i c Advisor: Dr Frey E l l i s . Distribution Secretary: Linda Emptage, 53 W i n s t a n l e y C r e s c e n t , Ramsgate, Kent. Advertisement Manager: Donald S c o t t , " S h o a r n s " , B e l c h a w e l l , Blandford, Dorset. The Editorial Board does not n e c e s s a r i l y agree with opinions e x p r e s s e d by c o n t ributors to this magazine, or endorse a d v e r t i s e m e n t s . Copy d a t e s : 1st day of - February for ' s p r i n g ' , May for 'summer', August for 'autumn', November for ' w i n t e r ' . . Cover and advertisement printed by H H Greaves Ltd. Editorial printed by Jaydon O f f s e t , 26 Bridge Street, Leatherhead, Surrey.

3


MAN'S UNITY

WITH

ALL

LIFE

by Tack Sanderson

It i s a striking f a c t t h a t , whereas Buddhism requires i t s d e v o t e e s to be c o m p a s s i o n a t e to a l l s e n t i e n t l i f e , and most other world r e l i g i o n s contain similar r e q u e s t s to their f o l l o w e r s , the Christian system of e t h i c s , a s was pointed out by Schopenhauer, s a y s little or nothing about the r e l a t i o n ship of man to the other kingdoms of nature. Indeed, in many Christian countries it has been customary for centuries for p r i e s t s to affirm that animals have no s o u l s . This idea that animals are expendable ' t h i n g s ' i s undoubtedly a major part of the thinking that has led to factory farming. The same kinds of thought are e x p r e s s e d to explain away the v i o l e n c e involved in v i v i s e c t i o n and in hunting - when a man wantonly destroys the work of other men he i s c a l l e d a v a n d a l , but when he destroys the works of God he i s c a l l e d a sportsman. For too long in the W e s t man has lived by exploiting the animal kingdom in a p a r a s i t i c a l fashion and most people are unaware of, or shut their e y e s to the cruelty inherent in ordinary animal farming methods. The recent introduction of s o u l - l e s s mass-production techniques into the living world of nature will undoubtedly rebound to the detriment of those that practise them and those that u s e their products. An agricultural economy that i s geared to the production of dead f l e s h a s the first priority l e a d s to an unworkable e c o l o g y and a food system that is untenable in the long run. It puts the f l e s h eating wants of the minority before the food n e e d s of the many. It i s not enough to quote St Francis a s a sop to the Christian c o n s c i e n c e . The s e a r c h l i g h t of truth must be f o c u s e d on this blind spot of Christianity a s it h a s been practised by the majority this l a s t 2 , 0 0 0 y e a r s . If one could view the earth and its life with spiritual v i s i o n , then surely o n e ' s attention would be caught by a light that s h i n e s in London j u s t before the Christmas ritual slaughter b e g i n s . It is a two day o c c a s i o n c a l l e d "The Animals' Fair" and is usually held at the Royal Horticultural H a l l , Vincent Square, near Victoria Station - this year - on Friday and Saturday, the 23rd and. 24th November. (The Hon. Organiser is Mrs E Venton at 126 Royal C o l l e g e St, London NW1). When I first saw the words "Animals Fair" many y e a r s a g o , various mental pictures p a s s e d before my mind. A Walt D i s n e y i s h s c e n e of dancing animals was followed by a picture of a l l kinds of animals being offered for s a l e a s does a c t u a l l y happen at some country f a i r s . As many readers may not ever go to a " F a i r " I s h a l l d e s c r i b e one for t h e m . A large hall g i v e s a fair impression of the s t a l l s at a S a l e of Work or at a country market e x c e p t that e a c h s t a l l is taken by a group or organisation which directly or indirectly has the c a u s e of animal welfare at h e a r t . Some of the s t a l l holders are household n a m e s , but others from this country or e l s e w h e r e may not be known to you at a l l .

4


A l i s t of t h o s e taking part l a s t year may be of i n t e r e s t a s it i n d i c a t e s the great r e s p o n s i b i l i t y of man for the animal population of the e a r t h , and i s a pointer to the kind of work that i s being done: The National Council for Animal W e l f a r e , National S o c i e t y for the Abolition of Factory Farming, the Wood Green Animal S h e l t e r , the Anglo-French League for Animal W e l f a r e , Performing Animals' D e f e n c e League, World League Against V i v i s e c t i o n , Buckwyns Dog S h e l t e r , the Horses and Ponies P r o t e c tion A s s o c i a t i o n , Mortimer Fund for Animal W e l f a r e , C a t s Protection League, C a t h o l i c Study C i r c l e for Animal W e l f a r e , The British Union for the Abolition of V i v i s e c t i o n , the Brooke Hospital for Animals (Cairo), the S o c i e t y of United Prayer for Animals, Friends of Animals League, Food and Pollution Research Bureau, Pine Ridge Dog Sanctuary, Nature Cure C l i n i c , Raystede Centre for Animal W e l f a r e , County Hall Animal W e l f a r e Club, Vegan S o c i e t y , Howey Foundation, Cyprus Animal Welfare Fund, Captive Animal Protection S o c i e t y , Greek Animal Welfare Fund Ltd, National S o c i e t y for the Abolition of Cruel S p o r t s , British Wildlife Fund, Nag Hill Home for H o r s e s , Beauty Without Cruelty, the Willow Tree . Sanctuary, Wanderers Haven Dog Sanctuary, Vegetarian S o c i e t y of UK Ltd, Japan Animal Welfare S o c i e t y , Friends of the Earth, National Anti-Vivis e c t i o n S o c i e t y , Friends of Horses L e a g u e , and the International C o u n c i l a g a i n s t Bullfighting. The effort and s e l f l e s s giving that g o e s into the work, of t h e s e and s c o r e s of other similar s o c i e t i e s around the world on behalf of our younger brothers in evolution must surely serve the Divine Purpose. The Animals Fair i s the f o c a l point of a positive W e l l of C o m p a s s i o n , and if it i s p o s s i b l e for you and any friend to go on either day, a talk with anyone on any s t a l l c a n inform you of the m a s s i v e cruelty that i s practised at every minute of every day in a l l parts of the world by man on the animal kingdom. M a n ' s attitude to the creatures undoubtedly colours man's attitude to his f e l l o w men. For true brotherhood towards man there must first be true brotherhood tcuwards a l l sentient life - compassion must be u n i v e r s a l . Each of us c a n support or work in any of the e x i s t i n g o r g a n i s a t i o n s or do a particular work in a particular p l a c e . We can a l l help to change the climate of opinion wherever we a r e . Many of the organisations l i s t e d above have been'begun and have grown under the a c t i v e c o m p a s s i o n a t e enthusiasm of a s i n g l e person who h a s s e e n the great need and decided to do something about i t . Great a s i s the cruelty to be found in a l l forms in t h i s country, even more i s rampant in most parts of the world, some b e c a u s e of l o c a l customs such a s the trapping and eating of song birds in I t a l y , but much b e c a u s e the human poverty l e a d s to n e g l i g e n c e and wilful or thoughtless cruelty to a n i m a l s . We would like our members to be aware not only of the c r u e l t i e s , but a l s o of the efforts to combat them and in future i s s u e s we hope to give news of the various s o c i e t i e s such a s t h o s e l i s t e d above - a few e a c h i s s u e , and we hope that some may be moved to help them and that a l l will in one way or another - by thought, prayer, money, e t c . - give them their support.

5


ALTERNATIVES TO VIVISECTION by K Tannaway Although Douglas Houghton's b i l l designed to s e c u r e the use of a l t e r native t e c h n i q u e s to experimentation with live animals failed to get to the vote in i t s third reading in the House on 20th July, the f a c t that it got so far has given much encouragement to a n t i - v i v i s e c t i o n i s t s in their campaign a g a i n s t what i s probably the c r u e l l e s t and meanest form of animal e x p l o i t a t i o n . Further encouragement is given by the f a c t that the International A s s o c i a t i o n Against Painful Experiments was accorded c o n s u l t a t i v e s t a t u s by the United Nations Economic and S o c i a l Council l a s t year and by the news that the matter i s being considered at the Council of Europe. The number of experiments performed on live a n i m a l s continues to r i s e , a s the l a t e s t Home O f f i c e returns show, but at the same time the development and use of a l t e r n a t i v e t e c h n i q u e s a l s o r i s e s . It i s incumbent on a l l who are concerned for animals to acquaint thems e l v e s with the f a c t s about t h e s e a l t e r n a t i v e s and to hand them o n . Only then will the many people who are convinced that experiments on living animals are e s s e n t i a l for human health consider the abominable p r a c t i c e s in the v i v i s e c t i o n laboratories and give t h e m s e l v e s the c h a n c e to r e a c t a g a i n s t them. Probably t i s s u e , c e l l and organ culture is the b e s t a l t e r n a t i v e yet evolved and it offers a fair c h a n c e of superseding the use of living animals in s u c h f i e l d s a s t o x i c o l o g y , virology and to a more limited extent in neurophysiology. Human c e l l s , t i s s u e , and even whole organs obtained from the operating theatres can be kept a l i v e and grown in the laboratory and can be used for drug screening and other t e s t s . The u s e of computers and mathematical modelling can reduce the numbers of animals used in certain types of experiments and sometimes make the experiments l e s s e x c r u c i a t i n g . For e x a m p l e , data obtained by placing a s c i n t i l l a t i n g counter a g a i n s t an a n i m a l ' s head can be used in c o n j u n c t i o n with a mathematical model and a computer to give the same information a s i s obtained by surgery. Films of a c t u a l operations on h o s p i t a l s than demonstration and c l o s e d c i r c u i t t e l e v i s i o n mammalian p h y s i o l o g i c a l and colleges.

humans can be much more valuable in teaching operations on a n i m a l s . The use of video tape could d r a s t i c a l l y reduce the number of other demonstrations in medical s c h o o l s and

Models of great complexity and performance are being developed for use in v e h i c l e a c c i d e n t s t u d i e s ; other models could e a s i l y r e p l a c e d i s s e c t i o n in schools. As u s u a l , p r e j u d i c e , c o n s e r v a t i o n , ignorance and l a c k of money hinder progress. Inform yourself by writing to any or a l l of the a d d r e s s e s given


below, sending at l e a s t enough stamps to cover e x p e n s e s ; give them whatever personal support you can afford and spread the knowledge of their work a s widely a s p o s s i b l e . Of c o u r s e most Vegans will want to "reform it a l t o g e t h e r " and turn to other methods of healing homoeopathy, naturopathy for e x a m p l e , and to spiritual h e a l i n g . But the b e s t way of saving both man and animal i s to demonstrate a healthy mode of living that prevents the development of d i s e a s e . It i s here that Vegans have a very important part to play for, by disciplining t h e m s e l v e s to follow a truly healthy regime, they can help to free not only food animals from factory farms and slaughter h o u s e s but the experimental animals from the vivisection laboratories. So don't take c h a n c e s with your h e a l t h . U s e the e x p e r i e n c e s of the past thirty y e a r s and the knowledge accumulated in the Vegan S o c i e t y to make and k e e p yourself an example of positive h e a l t h . The development and use of p o s i t i v e , preventive methods i s being hindered b e c a u s e the products b a s e d on v i v i s e c t i o n make it a l l too e a s y to take the n e g a t i v e , symptom suppressing way to recurring i l l - h e a l t h . Individuals may be relieved from pain and in c e r t a i n c i r c u m s t a n c e s be j u s t i f i e d in using drugs but the health of mankind a s a whole i s d e f i n i t e l y being hindered by attempting to b a s e it on c r u e l t y . Health depends on much more than symptom s u p p r e s s i n g , than on inherited m a k e - u p , on properly c h o s e n and prepared food and other environmental f a c t o r s ; it depends on a c l e a r c o n s c i e n c e , on freedom from suppressed g u i l t . This l a s t man cannot have whilst he b a s e s his l i f e on the cruel e x p l o i tation of d e f e n c e l e s s c r e a t u r e s . Health and the hope.of dealing with a l l the problems of v i o l e n c e and destruction that threaten life today depend on the faith that the Nature of the Universe is such that g o o d n e s s and compassion have survival value and must be our ultimate criterion in a l l our a c t i v i t i e s .

and

FRAME, 312a Worple Road, London SW20 8QO. Dr HADWEN TRUST FOR HUMANE RESEARCH, 47 W h i t e h a l l , S W 1 . LAWSON TAIT MEDICAL & SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH TRUST THE LORD DOWDING FUND, 51 Harley S t r e e t , London W I N 1DD. CIRCUSES

The fight to end the exploitation of animals for entertainment g o e s o n . Several C o u n c i l s have now banned c i r c u s e s on c o u n c i l - o w n e d l a n d . Has yours? The ban was upheld in Torbay r e c e n t l y by a very narrow majority. Local and informed a c t i v i t y c a n help to end t h i s a b u s e . Play your part.


SPIRITUAL HEALING SMALL HOSPITAL FOR WILD BIRDS & ANIMALS by Marilyn Preston "'Twere a l l a s good to e a s e one b e a s t of grief . As s i t and watch the sorrows of the w o r l d . " (The Light of Asia) Although none of my family are 'animal' p e o p l e , my heart was a l w a y s n e a r e s t to our furred and feathered friends - perhaps b e c a u s e they gave such deep and binding companionship without the drawbacks often found in the human r a c e - perhaps b e c a u s e in times of trouble I could a l w a y s talk to them when n o - o n e e l s e would l i s t e n . Therefore, it seemed automatic t h a t , when an animal or bird was in trouble, I should try to help it.' My first animal patient was one of my rabbits who became paralysed with 'rubbery' bones - but she j u s t had to live a s far a s I was concerned; After some w e e k s of love and almost hourly c a r e , she responded; her bones became hard again and s h e was a b l e to use her l e g s ; at about eight years of age I found this quite natural - I e x p e c t e d her to get well and she kindly o b l i g e d , producing young quite normally a g a i n . About 12 y e a r s ago folk started bringing animals and birds to me for help and word somehow got round that help was a l w a y s a v a i l a b l e here for anything in trouble. So "The Small Hospital for Wild Birds and Animals" came into b e i n g . I had had no medical or veterinary training but this did not seem n e c e s s a r y a s far a s my little work was concerned a s it came naturally to me to know what was the b e s t thing to do for a l i t t l e soul under c a r e . I s t r e s s that I am not an e x p e r t . The knowledge of v i v i s e c t i o n and the millions of animals used yearly in this country in some utterly appalling experiments a b s o l u t e l y shattered me some years a g o . Asking for an answer to fight this e v i l , it came three years later when I found I had the natural a b i l i t y to heal and had, in f a c t , been using it without r e a l i s i n g or understanding i t . I believe many vegans have this a b i l i t y . With the understanding that healing a c t u a l l y works came a v o i c e d i s c u s s i n g with me my total i n c o n s i s t e n c y at c a l l i n g myself an animal lover and at the same time e n j o y i n g eating their dead b o d i e s . Within a week the v o i c e taught me that if I was to a c h i e v e anything to help the a n i m a l s , then I had to give up exploiting them a l t o g e t h e r . Immediately I became a Vegan of which s u b j e c t I had not previously h e a r d . Prior to this I had not even c o n s i d e r e d becoming a v e g e t a r i a n , giving it no thought a s a l l my family are perfectly'normal'and are not 'animal p e o p l e ' .

8


So h e r e , In my humble h a n d s , I had an a n s w e r to fight v i v i s e c t i o n - I could show people that animal experimentation was not n e c e s s a r y . . . but it i s not quite a s simple a s t h a t } I have found1. Having cared for over 1 , 0 0 0 animals and b i r d s , p e r s o n a l l y , during the y e a r s , one b e c o m e s naturally very involved with them - thinking a s they do, feeling their suffering, pain and frustration so very o f t e n . The work i s heartbreaking at t i m e s , e s p e c i a l l y in a very small p l a c e , with far from good working conditions and living on a s h o e - s t r i n g . I am often borne down with t e a r s for their suffering and worry a s to where the next penny for their food i s coming from. However we go from day to day, managing j u s t s u f f i c i e n t l y , and a s I write forty l i t t l e souls are s a f e l y tucked away for the night h e r e , f e d , happy, and full of t r u s t . And I continue to hope for miracles'. There have been many. C h a r l e y , the c a t , was left lying for three days at the roadside with s p i n a l i n j u r i e s , unable to move. A kind soul eventually took him to her home but after a w e e k , and not being a b l e to.afford veterinary f e e s or f a c e his s e n t e n c e , she brought him to our already much over-crowded home, s t i l l p a r a l y s e d . After five minutes of healing Charley was a b l e to jump up on to the window s i l l - I don't think h e ' s stopped purring s i n c e . ' Then there i s Vicky, the c a t badly injured in a road accident. The v e t examined her and wished to put her down immediately, saying "With a l l due r e s p e c t to spiritual h e a l i n g , there i s nothing which can p o s s i b l y heal this c a t ' s shattered l e g . ' " Within three w e e k s Vicky was a s l i v e l y a s a kitten and c h a s i n g us a l l over the h o u s e . And here we have Laddie, a stray Alsatian c r o s s , another road a c c i d e n t victim found without name or address of owner. He was brought in j u s t two hours before the vet was to put him down with Incurable spinal and brain damage. It took two months' of day and night work on a totally paralysed body before I could s e e any sign of improvement, then a further two months to t e a c h him how to use his l e g s a g a i n . He c a n now outrace our C o l l i e in the park and I only wish I were half a s l i v e l y s o m e times.' Other s t o r i e s crowd in, of the little friends here - the pets of folk who bring them or who simply write and a s k for h e l p . Often that help i s given with delightful r e s u l t s . Sometimes it appears not to a s s i s t and we are left to wonder why, in . s a d n e s s . But a l w a y s we r e a l i s e that a l l l i f e i s r e a l l y one and that there i s always hope for every s o u l . We can only hope that more r e a l i s e the great r e s p o n s i b i l i t y we have to a n i m a l s , their dependance on us and our obligation to them, for a s Alr'Chief M a r s h a l l Lord Dowding s a i d in his s p e e c h a g a i n s t v i v i s e c t i o n in the House of Lords: "Failure to r e c o g n i s e our r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s towards the animal kingdom i s the c a u s e of many of the c a l a m i t i e s which now b e s e t the nations of the world . . . we s h a l l never attain to true p e a c e . . . until we r e c o g n i s e their p l a c e in the scheme of things and treat them a c c o r d i n g l y . It i s an important part of our r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s to help them . . . and not to retard their development by cruel exploitation of their h e l p l e s s n e s s .

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FACTS ABOUT FURS - by F Jean Vinter. Animal Welfare Institute 1 9 7 3 . 30pi - From RSPCA, The Manor H o u s e , Horsham, S u s s e x . This book surveys the plight of the world's furbearers t o d a y . Dr Vint'er, whose wide knowledge s t e m s from working internationally for animal protection, has r e v i s e d her first publication of 1 9 5 7 . In an a g e of s p a c e t r a v e l , we annually s u b j e c t hundreds of millions of animals to mediaeval incarceration and torture. This i s the m e s s a g e of i t s 14 fully annotated c h a p t e r s , which make up an e x c e l l e n t small work of r e f e r e n c e , e a s i l y readable in one s i t t i n g . The f a c t s are comprehensive, and they are allowed to speak for themselves. After surveying the s t a t i s t i c s of the fur producing c o u n t r i e s , the pain s e n s e in v e r t e b r a t e s i s d i s c u s s e d . Although we do not doubt the suffering of a p e t , we have experts* confirmations: Lord Brain's is that we share with other animals a common neurological pattern; C W Hume's that 'An anthropomorphic understanding of animal behaviour . . . i s justified . . . " (Ideas such a s 'animals lack s o u l s ' or 'they were put here for our u s e ' p e r s i s t in the crudely r e l i g i o u s , and are greater o b s t a c l e s than questioning of pain s e n s e . ) Being c h e a p , e a s y to u s e and e f f e c t i v e , the l e g - h o l d trap remains the most popular with t r a p p e r s . One o n c e said: "It i s probable that no instrument was ever invented which c a u s e d a s much suffering a s the common s t e e l trap" . Lucky animals wring off a leg and e s c a p e ; others endure prolonged a g o n y , f e a r , f r e e z i n g , predators, and starvation - ends one would not wish o n e ' s worst enemy. Traps are u n s e l e c t i v e , and u s e l e s s animals and pets are t a k e n . Even worse i s the spring pole trap in which a bent sapling lifts the victim to dangle in the air by its crushed paw. It i s denied the c h a n c e to gnaw i t s e l f f r e e . Drugs are sometimes included in morsels on trap j a w s s t r y c h n i n e , c a u s i n g a painful death, obviating e s c a p e ; t r a n q u i l l i s e r s such a s diazepam, inducing sedation and a kinder end by f r e e z i n g . Great effort resulted in the banning of l e g - h o l d traps in this country, s i x other European nations and C h i l e . However, we s t i l l manufacture and export them, and we remain one of the world's l a r g e s t importers of fur so obtained C o n s i s t e n t humanity demands an end to this c o m m e r c e . Of the q u i c k - k i l l i n g t r a p s , the most s u c c e s s f u l has been the Conibear, e s p e c i a l l y for beaver and muskrat. But no trap i s perfect in t h i s r e s p e c t , and there is a l w a y s a percentage of animals caught by a d i s t a l part which suffer j u s t a s if caught in the older t y p e . The Canadian A s s o c i a t i o n for Humane Trapping f o s t e r s a trap e x c h a n g e programme, whereby a trapper turns in a l e g - h o l d (which i s destroyed) and r e c e i v e s a free C o n i b e a r . But in North America a s a whole which, together with the USSR, i s the g r e a t e s t offender, the trapping industry has a romantic image from i t s pioneering a s s o c i a t i o n s , a n d , a s the l e g i s l a t i o n pertaining i s Provincial rather than F e d e r a l , change i s slow and p i e c e m e a l .

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S e a l i n g , with i t s photogenic s u b j e c t s , has improved due to public awareness. But pups are slaughtered in view of their mothers, skinning alive follows inadequate.clubbing, and the annual h o l o c a u s t , whilst tidied up in some r e s p e c t s , c o n t i n u e s . Publicity over t h i s , and the endangering of some s p e c i e s , has made for a defensive fur trade. Furriers make exhibitionist public statements that they will no longer deal in t h e s e threatened s p e c i e s . (This is unconnected with animal suffering. Presumably they simply deal more in other kinds of fur). And it can be no r e a s s u r a n c e to the s e n s i t i v e that fur i s farmed. Dr Vinter r e v e a l s that, quite apart from the unnatural confinement of wild life in small wire c a g e s , the means of killing is often cruel: neck breaking, strychnine and electrocution can a l l result in the skinning of c o n s c i o u s , motionless animals . ÂŤ Simulated furs are cheaper, lighter and warmer; the fur trade should abandon old w a y s , and, by using these new materials,, r a i s e i t s e l f from its present squalor. Beauty Without Cruelty, in pioneering their u s e , has introduced a new and i n e s c a p a b l e moral dimension to the fashionable world. On another l e v e l , this book illustrates a dark a s p e c t of human nature. The present economic justification of trapping is only a small surface c o n s c i o u s n e s s on a vast unconscious destructive f o r c e . Its tragic e f f e c t is that millions of sentient but v o i c e l e s s a n i m a l s , with central nervous systems similar to our own, endure hell on earth; books such a s Dr Vinter's are their v o i c e , and their hope. Dennis M Jones EXTRACT

..

FARM AND FOOD.SOCIETY 1970-1971

.

ANNUAL REPORT

"The joy of life of these animals - indeed of almost a l l animals and birds in freedom - is very g r e a t . You may s e e it in every motion - in the lissom.bound of the hare, the playful leap of the rabbit, the song that the lark and the finch must sing . . . the s e n s e of living - the c o n s c i o u s n e s s of seeing and feeling - is manifestly intense in them a l l , and is in i t s e l f an exquisite p l e a s u r e " . , , Richard J e f f e r i e s .

MORE LOCAL CONTACTS U.S.A.

Mr Rubin Abramowitz, Mr Bob Pinkus,

Jersey 0 7 0 5 2 .

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, California. , New


PAST MEETINGS The S o c i a l and Extraordinary General Meeting held at Karl and Veda F a r r e l l ' s home on W e d n e s d a y , May 23rd, was a very p l e a s u r a b l e o c c a s i o n for those who attended and e n j o y e d e a c h o t h e r ' s company and the good fare provided by Veda. However, it was very poorly a t t e n d e d . Apparently few members f e l t tempted to travel into central London on a May weekday evening and t h o s e living in London were hindered by torrential r a i n . Whatever the reason it i s very regrettable that not enough members were present to provide the n e c e s s a r y quorum to p a s s the 1972 a c c o u n t s which were not returned from the Auditor in time for consideration at the 1972 AGM due to a mistake over the d a t e . Another Extraordinary General Meeting i s being arranged for October 1 3 t h . D e t a i l s are given under Future M e e t i n g s . P l e a s e do your very b e s t to a t t e n d . The Garden Party - at Leatherhead on 17th June was very well supported, over 70 members and friends a t t e n d i n g . It was a beautiful sunny day and full advantage was taken of the opportunity to get to know other v e g a n s and talk with them about matters of mutual c o n c e r n . Members travelled from a s far a s Devon, the I s l e of Wight, Nottingham and Ramsgate. s p e c i a l l y for the o c c a s i o n and others on holiday from S c o t l a n d , Norway, Holland and Germany adjusted their arrangements s o a s to include Leatherhead in their tour. The President of the S o c i e t y , Dr Frey E l l i s , was prevented from attending by a l a s t minute c a l l to the h o s p i t a l , but the Deputy President, J a c k Sanderson, was t h e r e , and a l s o Eva Batt, Chairman of the Vegan C o u n c i l , Serena C o l e s and Frank W o k e s , Vice Presidents. Our Treasurer, Grace Smith, c a m e , and her new grandson, Tristan Bray, made a brief appearance in his mother's, arms to show how bonny a vegan baby c a n b e . The Wright f a m i l y . Bill, Council member and Naturopath, his wife Ruth and their four children were much in e v i d e n c e , helping at s t a l l s and organising g a m e s . Many other members worked hard to make the event the s u c c e s s it w a s . Plantmilk Ltd provided i n t e r e s t by sending along s a m p l e s of their proposed new p e a s e pudding l i n e s to t e s t the flavours on vegan p a l a t e s . Great i n t e r e s t was shown in the experimental plot of soya b e a n s and in the compost b i n s . There was of c o u r s e much talking but the prize remark was made by a newcomer "They look j u s t like ordinary p e o p l e " . What a great day it w i l l be for the a n i m a l s and the whole world when 'ordinary' people come to e a t a s we do.' F e l l o w s h i p , not fund r a i s i n g , was the aim of the event but, even s o , over ÂŁ 5 0 was taken a t the l i t e r a t u r e , Beauty Without Cruelty, and the fruit drink s t a l l s , for the games organised by Bill W r i g h t ' s c h i l d r e n , and by the s a l e of c a k e s and s a v o u r i e s brought by members and by voluntary c o n t ributions towards the t e a .

12


W e need many such e v e n t s up and down the country to carry everywhere the m e s s a g e that "Veganism i s for a l l . ' ". It h a s p a s s e d the pioneer s t a g e . I s storming s u c c e s s f u l l y the c i t a d e l s of orthodoxy and being widely a c c e p t e d a s a healthy and p l e a s u r a b l e d i e t . Now we must work hard to make it s o c i a l l y a c c e p t e d . More people h e s i t a t e to t a k e the f i n a l s t e p to full veganism for fear of i t s being s o c i a l l y awkward than for any other s i n g l e r e a s o n , w h a t are you doing in your part of the c o u n t r y ? BOURNEMOUTH - have a thriving l o c a l branch of the "Society a n d , b e s i d e s holding regular m e e t i n g s , have organised poster parades and l e a f l e t distributions in the c i t y c e n t r e , attracting much i n t e r e s t from holiday m a k e r s . CORNWALL - Vegans are a c t i v e in the newly formed Vegetarian and Vegan S o c i e t y which has gathered w e l l over 5 0 members s i n c e J a n u a r y .

FUTURE

MEETINGS

Saturday. 13th October @ 6 . 3 0 p . m . At Friends' H o u s e , Euston Road, London NW1. L e s l i e C r o s s will speak on "Plantmilk - the Milk of Human Kindness" - its launching from the e t h i c a l concern of e a r l y v e g a n s , Its p r o g r e s s , i t s nutritional standing, i t s s i g n i f i c a n c e for infants and c h i l d r e n , and i t s future. L e s l i e C r o s s was the founder of the Plantmilk S o c i e t y and a founder member of the Vegan S o c i e t y . He i s ready and a b l e - who more s o ? - to answer a l l your q u e s t i o n s on v e g a n i s m . Come along and a s k t h e m . The meeting p l a c e h a s been carefully c h o s e n a s e a s i l y r e a c h e d by a l l . Friends Meeting House i s opposite EUston Main Line and Underground Stations and within a short walk of King's C r o s s and St P a n c r a s . The first few minutes of the meeting will be taken up with the presentation of the 1972 a c c o u n t s . W i l l members note this a s a formal announcement of an Extraordinary General M e e t i n g , made in a c c o r d a n c e with the Rules of the S o c i e t y . ANIMALS

FAIR

Friday and Saturday, 24th and 25th November, noon - 7 . 0 0 p . m . at the Royal Horticultural H a l l , London S W 1 . Within e a s y walking d i s t a n c e of Victoria Station. Our s t a l l a t l a s t y e a r ' s Fair was a great s u c c e s s in every r e s p e c t . W e plan, with members' h e l p , to make an e v e n g r e a t e r Impact this y e a r . P l e a s e bring anything s a l e a b l e , other than c l o t h e s , to the 13th October meeting. If you can help man the S t a l l p l e a s e write to the S e c r e t a r y and t e l l her which hours you can manage. P l e a s e write s o o n . You will find it an e n j o y a b l e opportunity to work in f e l l o w s h i p with like-minded p e o p l e .


ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING : 15th December : FRIENDS HOUSE The 29th AGM will be held on Saturday, 15th December at 2 . 3 0 p . m . in the Restaurant of Friends H o u s e , Euston Road, London NW1. (For d e t a i l s of how to get t h e r e , s e e 13th October m e e t i n g ) . The b u s i n e s s of the meeting will be to e l e c t O f f i c e r s and to appoint an Auditor. Postal Nominations should be signed by two members and accompanied by a signed note from the nominee stating h i s or her w i l l i n g n e s s to serve and must be r e c e i v e d by the Secretary before November' 24th. Plans.for making the 30th anniversary of the S o c i e t y , which f a l l s in November 1 9 7 4 , the o c c a s i o n of great promotion of growth in membership, a c t i v i t y and e x t e n s i o n of the knowledge and understanding of our way of l i f e , will be made. Send in your i d e a s s o o n . After the b u s i n e s s meeting there will be an "Any Q u e s t i o n s ? P a n e l " . This proved very stimulating and useful l a s t y e a r . Send your q u e s t i o n s to the S e c r e t a r y a s soon a s p o s s i b l e . Make the most of this opportunity to get your d i f f i c u l t i e s considered and to g e t matters you c o n s i d e r important aired throughout the S o c i e t y . Some members may regret that the AGM i s o n c e more being held in London in w i n t e r . The C o u n c i l would r e j o i c e in e v i d e n c e that there was an equal opportunity for a s u c c e s s f u l meeting e l s e w h e r e . The meeting p l a c e h a s b e e n c h o s e n with s p e c i a l r e f e r e n c e to t h o s e travelling from a d i s t a n c e , and efforts are being made to make arrangements for overnight accommodation with l o c a l members BUT IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT THE SECRETARY KNOWS WELL IN ADVANCE IF YOU NEED OR CAN GIVE HELP IN THIS WAY. E s s e n t i a l S o c i e t y b u s i n e s s must be done and be s e e n to be done, but the C o u n c i l plan to make our AGM a r e a l l y lively and inspiring o c c a s i o n . They cannot manage it without your help and support.

DRIED MILK AND MALNUTRITION Dr Ralph Hendrickse,. Director of the Tropical Child Health Course at Liverpool U n i v e r s i t y , writes: "The vigorous advertising of baby foods frequently produced in communities where they c a n n o t afford them and where their proper use i s not understood h a s c r e a t e d s e r i o u s health problems. Mothers who have given up b r e a s t milk, thinking that they can confidently feed their children on t h e s e new preparations have not been a b l e to give them enough of the milks to provide adequate n u t r i t i o n " .


SUCCESS

'

F 0 R 0 U R

FIRST

MAJOR PUBLICATION

Cook Book If we ever had a doubt about the need for a ' c o m p l e t e vegan cookery book for b e g i n n e r s , it h a s been completely d i s p e l l e d by the s u c c e s s of our l a t e s t publication, "What's C o o k i n g ? " . It h a s been favourably reviewed by s e v e r a l newspapers and j o u r n a l s . On 24th July the author was interviewed on Radio 4 by Derek Cooper ('You and Yours' programme) on the book and veganlsm in g e n e r a l . Two days later we had another ' s p o t ' when a letter from Eva was read over the a i r . This valuable publicity for our way of life produced quite a few orders and - much more important - enquiries for information about v e g a n i s m . From the Papers " W e l l worth buying whether you are a m e a t - e a t e r , tottering on the brink, or already a vegetarian or v e g a n " .

P e a c e News

27.7.73

"No nut c a s e t h i s great v e g e t a r i a n . Mrs Batt, unbelievably 65 y e a r s young . . . h a s written a f a s c i n a t i n g book - ' W h a t ' s C o o k i n g ? ' . W e e k l y Herald 15.6.73 A book expertly compiled . . . presented with verve and imagination; No s e l f - r e s p e c t i n g kitchen can afford to be without this r e f e r e n c e . Written with s i n c e r i t y and a u t h o r i t y " . „ ,, „ . _ The Vegetarian June ' 7 3 If you too are enjoying the book, why not order an extra one (or two)? They make i d e a l Birthday or Christmas g i f t s which will be used and appreciated for y e a r s . A few comments from more than s a t i s f i e d u s e r s : " P l e a s e send me your book ' W h a t ' s C o o k i n g ? ' . of a friend and I thought it was e x c e l l e n t . "

I saw a copy in the house „ _ . . V.D.Monmouthshire. "The most comprehensive and superb cookery book I have e v e r s e e n . The wealth of information about nutrition i s outstanding. Thank you for providing us with this f i r s t - c l a s s nutritional t e x t book which i s s o much more than a cookery book, though it i s full of d e l i c i o u s mouth-watering recipes". M>R> Northants " W h a t ' s C o o k i n g ? " i s proving a tremendous help in preparing a t t r a c t i v e t a s t y d i s h e s for my non v e g . g u e s t s . M w Hertg HAVE YOU: SENT FOR YOUR COPY YET ?

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„ S e e page z .

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FROM

WHAT'S COOKING

SPECIAL Avocado Pears - Nature's Green Butter Green, p e a r - s h a p e d and, b e c a u s e it c o n t a i n s up to 25% high quality unsaturated fat and more protein than any other fruit, the a v o c a d o can be a valuable addition to any d i e t . It a l s o c o n t a i n s a good supply of vitamins and minerals and, although so creamy, i s n o n - f a t t e n i n g . Make sure your avocado i s ripe by t o u c h . Hold in the hand and very gently press near the s t a l k . If the fruit responds s l i g h t l y it i s r i p e . If the f l e s h i s quite firm, k e e p the avocado at room temperature until it i s in perfect condition for e a t i n g . Then cut in h a l f , remove the large stone and outer skin (tough enough to afford it ample protection from natural and man-made d a n g e r s ) . The f l e s h should mash quite e a s i l y for sandwich f i l l i n g s . is necessary.

No other fat

For s a l a d s it should be s l i c e d or d i c e d . Whipped Avocado Chill fruit. Remove f l e s h and whip with 3 - 4 t s p n s . of Dietade low calorie salad dressing. Return to s h e l l s and serve with green s a l a d . Avocado and Grapefruit Salad On a nest of l e t t u c e and w a t e r c r e s s arrange alternate s l i c e s of a v o c a d o and s e c t i o n s of grapefruit (or o r a n g e ) . Garnish with thin strips of red pepper and serve with a dressing of oil and lemon j u i c e . Quick Avocado Salad Prepare fresh green s a l a d . Cut Avocado in half l e n g t h w a y s . Remove stone but not s h e l l . Sprinkle with lemon j u i c e and e a t it from the s h e l l together with the s a l a d . S p e c i a l Visitor Salad Put a covering of lettuce l e a v e s on a flat d i s h . Cut half a skinned ripe avocado pear into 4 lengthways s l i c e s . Place on bed of l e t t u c e a l l pointing to the c e n t r e . Sprinkle well with mayonnaise or French dressing'. Put a pineapple ring in the centre and small bunches of land c r e s s or springs of w a t e r c r e s s between the avocado s l i c e s . M e x i c a n 'Dip' 1 Avocado 2 t s p . lemon j u i c e Freshly grated onion to t a s t e Mash avocado.

Pinch of sea s a l t A few sprigs of chopped fresh watercress

Stir in the other i n g r e d i e n t s .

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Serve with c e l e r y s t i c k s .


BY

EVA BATT

and ECONOMICAL Stuffed Butter Bean Roast 4 oz butter b e a n s 2 oz wholemeal breadcrumbs 1 medium onion (4 oz) Seasoning

2 1 1 1

tsp. sage oz o i l for cooking large tomato t s p . soya flour

Soak butter b e a n s overnight. Remove outer s k i n . Simmer until soft (allow 50 minutes). Drainand p a s s through s i e v e or m a s h . Chop onion and fry lightly. Mix b e a n s , breadcrumbs, soya flour, s e a s o n i n g and onion together, form into r o l l . Cut through c e n t r e . Place thick s l i c e s of tomato on one h a l f . Replace the othgr half of r o l l , cover with greased paper. Bake in a fairly hot oven (400 F . , Gas Mk 6) for about 20 minutes. Serve with gravy and green v e g e t a b l e s . Brown Rice and Vegetables 1 lb cooked brown r i c e ÂŁ lb tomatoes 2 oz chopped nuts

2 oz wholemeal breadcrumbs 1 medium onion, chopped and fried

W a s h and boil r i c e in f pint water for 10 to 15 minutes. Turn to a very low heat and simmer slowly until cooked - about 20 minutes. Add more water or s t o c k if n e c e s s a r y , but liquid should be absorbed when r i c e i s c o o k e d . (The r i c e can be cooked the previous d a y ) . Place cooked onions in piedish, add a layer of cooked r i c e , a layer of thickly s l i c e d t o m a t o e s , sprinkle over the nuts and cover with breadcrumbs. Bake in a fairly hot oven (400 F . , Gas Mk 6) for 30 minutes. Wholewheat can be used in p l a c e of r i c e for a c h a n g e . When no nuts are handy, this g i v e s a fine nutty c o n s i s t e n c y . Many variations can be c o n c o c t e d with the b a s i c cooked r i c e or wheat, o n i o n s , tomatoes and n u t s . Add mushrooms, thinly s l i c e d carrot or other root v e g e t a b l e , or c e l e r y to the onions while c o o k i n g . Or add a good teaspoon of Soy s a u c e for added flavour. Savoury Lentil Pure^ \ lb red l e n t i l s 1 small chopped onion 1 t b s . vegetable oil

1 t s p . Barmene 1 t s p . lovage or s a g e 1 pt. water or s t o c k

Mix and cook gently until s o f t , then add y e a s t e x t r a c t , o i l and s e a s o n i n g . Cooking will take about 20 minutes. Keep well stirred on low h e a t . Water should a l l be absorbed when r e a d y .

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A NIGHT TO REMEMBER by Serena C o l e s Such was the t i t l e of the evening which was held a t The C a f e Royal on the 1st August 1 9 7 3 . Peter Roberts, the o r g a n i s e r , i s to be congratulated for presenting s o much a n t i - f a c t o r y propaganda in s o short a t i m e . An a d d r e s s , by John Baxter, MRCVS, who had travelled from Scotland e s p e c i a l l y for the o c c a s i o n , was s i n c e r e and f a c t u a l without being sentimental a n d , l a t e r , we saw him in the film c a l l e d " D o n ' t Look Now, Here Comes Your D i n n e r " . We were fortunate to have the producer, Janies Keith, with us who l a t e r d i s c u s s e d the p o s s i b i l i t i e s of producing a s e r i e s of films for various t y p e s of a u d i e n c e s , but, a s the c o s t of the one we saw was £ 4 , 0 0 0 , it will no doubt be in the far future u n l e s s a guardian a n g e l of the c r e a t u r e s s u p p l i e s some of the money. It i s hoped that the present film w i l l be shown to young people between the a g e s of thirteen and e i g h t e e n y e a r s while s t i l l at s c h o o l . A great deal of d i s c u s s i o n e n s u e d concerning the showing of the film to only t h i s age group and there were obviously university t e a c h e r s and lecturers in the a u d i e n c e who took part. There was a l s o the suggestion that the present film be sold to various s o c i e t i e s who wish to use it for propaganda and a p o s s i b l e figure of £124 was mentioned. These groups would no doubt be a b l e to loan them to s c h o o l s in their area a s it is e s s e n t i a l that young people of today should begin to think of the a t r o c i t i e s surrounding them and being committed by a s o - c a l l e d civilised people. I a l s o heard a farmer p a s s i n g comments and saying that he s e n d s h i s c a t t l e • direct to the slaughter house and not to the market a s he f e l t that this c a u s e d l e s s suffering. Surely this remark should help us to remember how we are a l l at various s t a g e s in our thinking concerning kindness towards the c r e a t u r e s . The varied buffet w a s entirely v e g e t a r i a n and v e g a n s were w e l l c a t e r e d for which greatly added to the evening a s well a s the pleasure of meeting friends whom one c a n seldom see". To me it i s a l w a y s a j o y to know that gatherings of v e g e t a r i a n s have met at large hotels and similar p l a c e s a s I f e e l that more knowledge i s being spread to the c a t e r e r s and their s t a f f which will stand us in good s t e a d if we v i s i t there p r i v a t e l y . Perhaps the highlight of the evening to Eva Batt and myself was the d i s c u s s i o n that followed the.buffet when so many q u e s t i o n s were r a i s e d concerning milk production and i t s c r u e l t y . People were thinking.' Factory fa'rming w a s an unheard phrase when I b e c a m e a vegan t w e n t y - n i n e years ago. Let us go forward to e r a d i c a t e it In the years to c o m e . May the hearts of men be changed from greed and t h o u g h t l e s s n e s s to compassion and love towards a l l l i f e .

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INTERNATIONAL VEGETARIAN CONGRESS REPORT The c o n g r e s s was held in Ronneby, South Sweden, and despite some misgivings about the c o s t of the thing it turned out to be a great s u c c e s s ; and in no small part this was due to the tremendously hard work of the honorary s e c r e t a r y , V . S . member, Brian Gunn-King. All accommodation (enormous h o t e l , youth h o s t e l , and camping s i t e ) was c l o s e to the c o n f e r e n c e c e n t r e , so that no time was wasted going from one p l a c e to another; c o n s e q u e n t l y we had a l l the more time to make those personal c o n t a c t s which to my mind are the most valuable part of such o c c a s i o n s . The general meetings were superbly chaired by Dr Gordon Latto, who filled in a l l the odd corners with an e n d l e s s stream of relevant funny.storiesI c o n f e s s that I did not attend a l l the l e c t u r e s , of which I f e l t there were too many (though l e s s than l a s t y e a r ) . None of t h o s e I did attend could be described a s outstanding; at l e a s t one of the afternoon s e m i n a r s , however, well deserved that epithet: the one of "Vegetarian Homesteading" chaired by Scott and Helen Nearing. Anyone not familiar with the Nearings' book 'Living 6 o o d Life' should get hold of it a s soon a s p o s s i b l e , but not even that can convey the full wisdom of this perfectly suited couple who demonstrate so wonderfully the j o y of developing a s e l f - s u f f i c i e n t homestead and who yet at the same time are i n t e n s e l y aware of the s o c i a l problems that others have to f a c e . It would be difficult to imagine a better advertisement than t h e s e two for the vegetarian (and almost Vegan) way of l i f e , e s p e c i a l l y when it is known that Scott Nearing, at the age of 9 0 , s t i l l g e t s up at 4 . 3 0 a . m . , can do eight hours' manual labour a day when n e c e s s a r y , and i s at present building himself another house. 1 The feeding arrangements at the c o n g r e s s were e s p e c i a l l y s e n s i b l e . For the s e t prices of 7 0 p . , £ 1 . 1 0 , and £ 1 . 3 0 we could attend b r e a k f a s t , lunch and supper (which did not have to be booked in advance) and help o u r s e l v e s to a s much a s we w i s h e d . By our standards, of c o u r s e , the prices may seem high, but having stayed on in Sweden afterwards I know how much food fend everything e l s e ) c o s t s in that country; b e s i d e s which, I am sure that many people, apart from m y s e l f , survived happily on two or sometimes one meal a d a y . There was plenty of fresh food, though not perhaps a s great a variety a s one would w i s h , and a d o - i t - y o u r s e l f muesli at b r e a k f a s t with unlimited supplies of Plamil. Space does not permit more than a.word in praise of Roland von M a l b o r g ' s superb musical i n t e r l u d e s , J a c k L u c a s ' simple gadget for illustrating the i n c r e a s e in world population, or Leonard La s k y ' s entertaining lecture on how to avoid r e s t a u r a n t s . Let me end by saying that over 400 v e g e t a r i a n s attended t h i s c o n g r e s s ; at the next o n e , in N.America in 1 9 7 5 , let us hope for twice the number, including many Vegans.' Christopher F e t t e s The report on the Vegan S o c i e t y ' s progress was read out and literature d i s t r i b u t e d . At l e a s t one new member was c o n t a c t e d . 19 — Secretary


NEWS OF MEMBERS A.S'R C h a r t , India We are sorry to announce the death of A.S<Chari of Bangalore, India, on the 2 1 s t December 1 9 7 2 . He died p e a c e f u l l y of old age having lived on nothing but water and coconut milk for 20 d a y s , but remaining c o n s c i o u s until a few hours before his d e a t h . He was the author of the booklet "Philosophy of Veganism" and was the founder of the Indian Vegan S o c i e t y which h a s c e a s e d t o f u n c t i o n . W e hope t o publish e x t r a c t s from h i s booklet in the Winter i s s u e and to do a l l we can to arouse i n t e r e s t in the Vegan S o c i e t y in I n d i a . Mrs Anna Gupta, Government G i r l s ' S c h o o l , Intermediate C o l l e g e , RishiKesh, India, i s very much concerned to help with t h i s . Will members in India p l e a s e c o n t a c t h e r . Birth We are happy to announce t h r e e . b i r t h s : Seth B a c k , a s e c o n d son to Margrit and Tony now living at B a r n e s t a p l e , Lalita Graham, a daughter to our members in F o l k e s t o n e , and J o s s Alexander F a r r e l l , a second son for Veda, our Literature S e c r e t a r y , and Karl F a r r e l l , Chairman of the Young Vegan Section. Veda s e n d s her a p o l o g i e s for any d e l a y in sending out literature whilst she was in h o s p i t a l . Retirement Donald W a t s o n , founder of the Vegan S o c i e t y , announces his retirement. In 42 years of s c h o o l t e a c h i n g he had only three d a y s ' a b s e n c e due to illness. We wish him long and a c t i v e y e a r s a h e a d . Marriage We send our congratulations and b e s t w i s h e s for future h a p p i n e s s to Thelma Larkin, formerly a Council Member and for long a devoted worker for the S o c i e t y , on the o c c a s i o n of her marriage to Mr Lawrence W a d e . Young Member's S u c c e s s f u l Activity One of our s c h o o l g i r l members c o l l e c t e d signatures from t e a c h e r s a s w e l l a s pupils and got v e a l taken off the l i s t for s c h o o l d i n n e r s .

?

Treasurer's A s s i s t a n t IindaEmptage h a s been appointed A s s i s t a n t Treasurer and members are a s k e d to send their s u b s c r i p t i o n s to her in future - 53 W i n s t a n l e y C r e s c e n t , R a m s g a t e , Kent . Richard St Barbe Baker i s concentrating on his writing at p r e s e n t . His "Famous Trees of Bible Lands" will be published in the auturm by H H G r e a v e s Ltd, 1 0 6 - 1 1 0 Lordship L a n e ; London SE22 8 H G . The Bishop of Coventry writes of it "He-helps us not only to e n j o y and understand the B i b l e , but to s e e more vividly the glory of the creator in His c r e a t i o n " . R. St Barbe Baker i s a l s o writing a book for children and s e v e r a l other b o o k s .

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YOUNG VEGANS SECTION Past Events - by Robert Colby On 22nd July five people v i s i t e d Fenton House, a museum at Hampstead, and had a walk a c r o s s the H e a t h . On the weekend, I 8 t h / l 9 t h August, 15 young Vegans v i s i t e d Kathleen â&#x20AC;˘ J a n n a w a y ' s house at Leatherhead. On Saturday afternoon, Mr James McCormick introduced a d i s c u s s i o n entitled. "A Vegan Blueprint for Survival". Mr McCorm.ick s t r e s s e d that he thought some of the problems of survival were outside the s p e c i f i c realms of v e g a n i s m , and therefore the word "Blueprint" was not r e a l l y c o r r e c t . He then threw out i d e a s a s to the way that Vegans can influence other people by personal example and tried to paint a picture a s to the way the world would look a s a Vegan world. This stimulated d i s c u s s i o n which probably widened some peoples thoughts but whether any c o n c r e t e i d e a s for a c t i o n might develop - only time will tell. In the evening the group divided into two groups : one enjoying a period of fellowship and dancing, and for the others, discussion on all things related to veganism continued. On Sunday the group rambled to a National Trust property at Polesden L a c e y . The f i e l d s of corn ready for harvest were a beautiful sight; the f i e l d s of burnt stubble l e s s s o . The weekend seemed to be enjoyed by a l l and stimulated us into a rethink about our way of life and our a i m s . Many thanks once again to Kathleen Jannaway for her warm welcome and h o s p i t a l i t y . Coming Events - by Robert Colby Sunday, 16th September : Ramble from Wendover. Meet Ian Tolley at the station at 1 2 . 0 0 noon. Bring packed l u n c h e s . Travel from London i s from Baker S t r e e t , changing at Amersham. Sunday, 2 1 s t October : Join the Young Vegetarians on a ramble from St Albans led by Bill M e a s u r e . Meet at St Pancras S t a t i o n , 1 0 . 0 0 a . m . , Platform 3 . Bring packed lunches . W e e k e n d , 1 7 t h / l 8 t h November : at Tyringham C l i n i c . YVS AGM will start at 2 . 3 0 p . m . on Saturday and will include a d i s c u s s i o n on our aims and a c t i v i t i e s for 1 9 7 3 / 7 4 . At 4 . 3 0 p . m . Mr Sidney R o s e - N e i l , the C l i n i c D i r e c t o r , will give a talk on a c u p u n c t u r e . There will be a party in the evening; and on Sunday a ramble or v i s i t - t o a l o c a l p l a c e of i n t e r e s t . Bring sleeping b a g s . A charge will be made to cover the c o s t of f o o d . Engagement Tony W i l l i a m s , our young Council member and founder of the Young Vegan S e c t i o n , hopes to be married very soon to Avril Kennard, a c t i v e in the Vegetarian S o c i e t y . Our very b e s t w i s h e s to them both, and to their future a c t i v i t i e s for the c a u s e .

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READERS' CONTRIBUTION Towards a Vegan Blue Print for Survival - by E Needham G l o b a l Survival might well start with one packet of textured v e g e t a b l e protein f o o d . What then made my buy my f i r s t packet of such f o o d ? I s a w the advertisement in the Animal Vigilantes m a g a z i n e . " I t ' s probably no g o o d " , I thought, "but if I have to chuck it a w a y , I ' l l have made a tiny g e s t u r e on behalf of the animals 1 . 1 . Now there i s a text in the bible about throwing our b r e a d on the water and it coming b a c k to us with jam on it - or words to that e f f e c t . So it w a s with my tiny a l t r u i s t i c a c t i o n . The rewards were out of a l l proportion. I found the foods e a s y on the digestion and e a s y on the purse, and the e a s i e s t in the world to c o o k . For me a c h e e r y 7 2 - y e a r o l d , walking on two s t i c k s (a 'game old bird' according to a doctor friend) the foods made entertaining p o s s i b l e a g a i n . I have a t w o - t i e r e d t r o l l e y . I put s w e e t s and d e s s e r t s on the lower t i e r , and our four bowls of textured v e g e t a b l e foods on t o p . We e a t them with a spoon. Crockery, c u t l e r y , and cooking u t e n s i l s are minimised. And the food i s not spoiled even though the g u e s t s are an hour l a t e . As I cannot use public transport or walk very f a r , I rely on e a s i l y posted items for birthday and other p r e s e n t s . In this way I ' v e introduced 'Protoveg and Ranch House' to some twenty f r i e n d s . Many are the s t o r i e s I could t e l l of my introductions to t h e s e f o o d s . A f u s s y meat eating husband a t e his w i f e ' s portion a s well a s his own, and she compared the price - 1 6 p . a s a g a i n s t the previous d a y ' s chops at 6 2 ^ p . My crowning glory i s that my kind l o c a l grocer who i s a l s o a dear friend h a s j u s t s t o c k e d a l l t h e s e l i n e s , thus bringing them to a wider c i r c l e . I hear that there i s a growing demand from developing countries for more meat. It would seem to me that the answer would be for n a t i v e - f i r m s to manufacture t h e s e nutritious and t a s t y f o o d s . They grow the soya b e a n s and the herbs and s p i c e s which could a d j u s t the flavours to their own taste. It d o e s seem that mankind can sirvive p l e a s a n t l y without the c r u e l t i e s of the factory farm and s l a u g h t e r h o u s e . Blue Print Contribution - by Lilian Houghton How often we hear people speak of "the surplus population" - wanting a lot of half-formed b a b i e s taken away so that there s h a l l not be too many of us. Yet you've only to go a ride into the country to s e e what a lot of

I

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s p a c e there is being w a s t e d . Great t r a c t s of land used for cows or â&#x20AC;˘ s h e e p to graze on.' If you v i s u a l i s e the thousands of fruit t r e e s , the millions of.grains of o a t s and the l i k e , the tremendous q u a n t i t i e s of v e g e t a b l e s that could be grown on them - or even the h o u s e s built on them it s e e m s ridiculous to talk of o v e r - p o p u l a t i o n . If we want to live long and happily, we must live more simply and h e a l thily on more natural foods without the harmful additives and flavourings that most of us indulge i n . We should avoid the drugs with which some of us saturate o u r s e l v e s . We should live c l o s e r to Nature, try to " l i v e and let l i v e " . We cannot e x p e c t to be r e a l l y happy while life i s full of killing - killing of our fellow men and f e l l o w creatures of other s p e c i e s and torturing a s in the v i v i s e c t i o n l a b o r a t o r i e s . To live happily we must live to make others happy too - and that of n e c e s s i t y must mean our fellow c r e a t u r e s of other s p e c i e s . Another Contribution - by Ellen Crawford Modern e x i s t e n c e condemns i t s e l f b e c u a s e it m i l i t a t e s a g a i n s t motherhood and e s p e c i a l l y a g a i n s t that of Mother Earth. Once the earth i s dead no life can s u r v i v e . Vociferous c l a i m s are made about rights but not a whisper about the common public rights without which there can be no hope of survival to e n j o y any other r i g h t s . Every living organism has the right to healthy unspoiled earth upon which to live (or equally good water in which to do s o ) , natural healthy unspoiled atmosphere to breathe and water a s water was constituted to be for a l l n e c e s s a r y u s a g e s . These are the three common rights i r r e s p e c t i v e of birth, breed, c l a s s , colour, c r e e d , nation, s e x , s p e c i e s or f i n a n c i a l s t a n d i n g . The human r a c e screaming about rights while ignoring t h e s e b a s i c s presents a worse s p e c t a c l e than Nero fiddling while Rome burned. Rome could be r e b u i l t , but if we do not halt our f i e r c e pursuit of progress a s represented by modern e x i s t e n c e , we s h a l l end up in irremedial d e s t r u c t i o n . Any a c t i v i t y which c a u s e s harm to e a r t h , air or water i s a menace to the wellbeing of the whole universe and impoverishes the birthright of p o s t e r i t y . It i s no use getting e n t h u s i a s t i c about eliminating cruelty to a n i m a l s , and finding s u b s t i t u t e s for f l e s h eating and animal products a s lortg a s we participate in and condone man's present mode of perishing existence. First of a l l , let us f a c e up to the dangers a t t a c h e d to s u b s t i t u t e s . The substitution of c o a l for wood and dried herbage a s fuel provides an e n l i g h tening e x a m p l e . The s t a t e of the .earth in the v i c i n i t y of mines betokens that mining i s harmful to the e a r t h . Can any substitute that c a u s e s such harm to the earth and to the miner's body - be harmless in u s e ? We b o a s t of our world-famous railways and ignore the discomfort c a u s e d to a l l the creatures which have right of life on or j u s t below the s u r f a c e . We condone the e x t e n s i o n of such discomfort to a l l the creatures in our f i e l d s by the use of tractors and do the same in our gardens by the use of lawn

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mowers and other n o i s y m e c h a n i c a l equipment. We groan and complain about the n o i s e and discomfort c a u s e d to o u r s e l v e s by overhead t r a n s port but we are only getting done b a c k to us the treatment that we have meted out to other c r e a t u r e s . We have upset the economy of the whole earth by our delusion about the quantity of water needed for c l e a n l i n e s s . We have befouled the e a r t h , rivers and s e a s with detergents - s u b s t i t u t e s for other s u b s t i t u t e s which came into being to. o f f s e t the e f f e c t s of the grime involved in mechanised transport and s o - c a l l e d labour saving d e v i c e s . Substitution of water for s o i l for the purposes of disposing of our e x c r e t a . means that we can go to the s e a s i d e for the day and find that our e x c r e t a h a s got there before u s . The late Dr Poore pointed out the right way of d i s p o s a l of human e x c r e t a which should f a l l directly upon the earth and be immediately covered by e a r t h . Only s o can the fermentation begun in the body be rightly and e f f i c i e n t l y dealt with by Mother Earth. There i s no deodorant e q u a l to healthy dry s o i l which i s e a s y to control and s t o r e . Remember that we cannot have any c o n v e n i e n c e without i t s a t t a c h e d i n c o n v e n i e n c e and the c o s t of the i n c o n v e n i e n c e o u t w e i g h s , e v e n t u a l l y , the s e r v i c e of the c o n v e n i e n c e . The earth of man's body n e e d s healthy laborious a c t i v i t y ; the earth beneath that body needs husbandry. There i s a v a s t d i f f e r e n c e between healthy laborious a c t i v i t y and the hard t o i l by which many are c a l l e d t o earn a s o - c a l l e d living today; and an equally big d i f f e r e n c e between righteous husbandry and what the modern world c a l l s good farming. "Multiply and replenish the e a r t h " i s a different proposition from multiplying and replenishing s e l f at the e x p e n s e of the e a r t h . Modern farming r e s u l t s in upset of b a l a n c e . C e r e a l s are brought from abroad for c a t t l e food, a c r e s of good land in India and e l s e where are devoted to t e a , t o b a c c o , c o f f e e and other crops which do no good to man while people in t h e s e lands are short of food. S u c c e s s f u l commercial enterprise i s the be a l l and end a l l of modern existence. It requires a c r e s of land to be deadened beneath factory f l o o r s , a c r e s more submerged to provide r e s e r v o i r s to cope with the e f f e c t s of factory l i f e . It i s more c o s t l y in life and limb than armed conflict. What can be done about a l l t h i s ? it i s a w a s t e of time and energy to engage in f a n t a s t i c a c t i v i t i e s to try and convert the world. The c a l l to v e g a n s i s to work out for t h e m s e l v e s a way of life that will allow of a t o t a l r e s p e c t for a l l the three common public rights and make full contribution to the wellbeing of a l l earth c r e a t i o n . The c a l l i s to be in the world but not of the world. This does not mean that you are to k e e p s i l e n c e when there i s the duty to speak out about cruelty to animals and other e v i l p r a c t i c e s . Hold your line a s far a s p o s s i b l e in p e a c e with a l l men.

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The Fellowship of Life "They s h a l l not hurt nor destroy i n - a l l My Holy Mountain" Isaiah 1 1 , 9 . "Not a l l vegans are C h r i s t i a n s " - so begins the editorial of the summer " V e g a n " , a statement which has c a u s e d me, a vegan C h r i s t i a n , much thought and c o n c e r n . I myself f e e l t h a t , had the Church been holding up the i d e a l of veganism I would have been vegan from my youth - s o what of o t h e r s ? Therefore over the past four years I have been campaigning within the Church of Scotland to have "Reverence for a l l L i f e " r e c o g n i s e d a s a true Christian virtue and now I am forming the " F e l l o w s h i p of L i f e " to awaken C h r i s t i a n s to their r e s p o n s i b i l i t y to God's animal c r e a t i o n . I would be glad to hear from anyone who would like to support me in t h i s work. Mrs Margaret E Lawson,

1

Eynhallow, Croy, I n v e r n e s s , IV1 2 P G .

CALLING ALL VEGAN AND VEGETARIAN DANCERS Margaret

feawejko

My husband works for a shoe making firm and we were told that only leather could be used for the bottom of b a l l e t s h o e s . After s i x months of "nagging", threats of dancing barefoot, attempts to make my own, r e f u s a l to be s i l e n c e d , at l a s t a s a t i s f a c t o r y pair were produced without l e a t h e r , animal glue or anything e l s e from a n i m a l s . They have only soft t o e s but with more p e r s i s t e n c e I am sure point s h o e s c a n be a c h i e v e d . P l e a s e write your requirements - and do not take "NO" for an answer - to: Angelo and Davide, 35 Drury Lane, London (One more victory to add to the many accorded to vegans during the l a s t thirty years) QUESTIONS by lames McCormick Can man upon the planet earth survive While he e x p l o i t s the fauna for his needs Failing to question from where goods derive Nor c a r e the living source from which he f e e d s ? Must gentle cows continue more to bear The lowly c a l v e s they never more s h a l l s e e So mothers can have f a n c y s h o e s to wear And father c a n have c o w ' s milk in his t e a .

25.


To the best of our knowledge we a r e the only p r o d u c e r s of P U R E A P P L E J U I C E in the Country made f r o m ORGANICALLY GROWN UNSPRAYED A P P L E S with NO ADDED CHEMICALS or P R E S E R V A T I V E S ! We c r u s h a s we pick - no cold s t o r a g e - no l o s s of flavour. And we supply n e a r l y 300 shops all over the UK (35 in London alone). We can supply your Health Shop - a s k them. Or you d i r e c t by B r i t i s h Road S e r v i c e s . E n q u i r i e s t o : THE C Y D E R HOUSE, Aspall Hall, Stowmarket, Suffolk

GARDENERS! Since its introduction three years ago our V. G. (Veganic) compost fertilizer has become widely established amongst animal lovers and vegetarians It is a 100% organic compost and is

guaranteed to contain no

animal

ingredient whatever. It is of the same high quality as our other products and is backed by our 45 years' experience of manufacturing and supplying organic

composts to

commercial growers, nurserymen and

It can be delivered to your door

gardeners.

for ÂŁ 2 - 4 0 per cwt., but costs

less for

larger quantities and much less for much larger. For full details and sample write to

POWLINGS, IPPLEPEN, NEWTON ABBOT, DEVON

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SHOPPING W I T H

EVA

I very much regret my error in listing the Cadbury products (Summer Vegan p.26) as vegan. In f a c t a l l the items mentioned in that paragraph c o n tain g e l a t i n e and s o m e , other non-vegetarian ingredients a s w e l l . Please strike out t h e s e two l i n e s from your copy before passing it on to f r i e n d s . The manufacturers t e l l us that the following items are s u i t a b l e for v e g a n s : Rowntrees Fruit Gums (except the strawberry s w e e t in the carton o n l y ) , Beechnut Chewing Gum, Telly T o t s , Polo Fruits, and Liquorice Gums. M e s s r s Cadbury confirm that their c o c o a and Red Label Drinking C h o c o l a t e and C h o c o l a t e Spread remain v e g a n , but point out that their plain c h o c o l a t e s contain dairy butter. However, After Eight Thin Mints and D e s s e r t C h o c o l a t e are v e g a n , a s are a few of the c h o c o l a t e s in the Black M a g i c assortment ( i . e . C h o c o l a t e B r a z i l s , Hazel C l u s t e r s , and Marzipan s w e e t s o n l y ) . For c h o c o l a t e lovers we recommend Terry's Bitter C h o c o l a t e , a s it is made with c o c o a butter and i s quite v e g a n , - and, of c o u r s e , Plamll C h o c o l a t e . AFTERTHOUGHT: Remember that the white sugar normally used in c o n f e c t i o n ery would most likely be c a n e sugar refined with bone c h a r c o a l . Moreover, the ' r e l e a s e agent 1 used to lubricate c h o c o l a t e moulds may include animal fat.) Chef Tomato Soup in b o x e s i s v e g a n . M i t c h e l h i l l s new b i s c u i t s , V e g a c r i s p . are v e g a n , the b a s i c ingredients being barbados sugar, wholemeal flour, v e g e t a b l e fat and s e a s a l t . REMINDER: With regard to Country Fare and D i g e s t i v e Sweetmeal, the fat used i s not always vegetarian and t h e s e should be deleted from the l a c t o vegetarian l i s t in your Shoppers' Guide - if you have not done so already. Healthy Life b i s c u i t s remain l a c t o - v e g e t a r i a n . Mrs H o r s e f l e l d s Unsweetened Oat B i s c u i t s - we regret to s a y that t h e s e contain milk powder. H o r s e f l e l d s Muesli - a l s o c o n t a i n s milk powder, but can be supplied direct without t h i s , to order. California Revival - the f i r s t product from a new company. Natural Earth F o o d s , i s entirely vegan and c o n t a i n s no refined s u g a r . This i s a m u e s l i .

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Protein Foods - The new products In the 'Ranch House' c o n v e n i e n c e m e a l s l i s t from D i r e c t Foods Ltd are Vegan: Vegetable M i n c e , Vegetable Curry, Vegetable S t e w , and Vegetable G o u l a s h . Lacto-Veg : Bolognese - c o n t a i n s milk. All the original kinds of Protoveq are now v e g a n . t h i s b e f o r e , but people are s t i l l a s k i n g . )

(We have mentioned

Margarine - Since the mention of l e c i t h i n on the Outline carton h a s appeared, quite a few of our k e e n p a c k e t - s c a n n e r s have written in to a s k whether t h i s spread i s s t i l l a c c e p t a b l e to v e g a n s . I am happy to s a y that we.have an unqualified a s s u r a n c e from Van den Berghs that "the l e c i t h i n i s derived from v e g e t a b l e s o u r c e s " and Outline remains vegan. Other Products: Delmel Herbal Skin Lotion i s s t i l l vegan.' Garotta compost a c t i v a t o r i s v e g a n . P o l y c e l l - All D . I . Y . products with this l a b e l are vegan e x c e p t A l a b a s tine (some animal g l u e ) . Bold detergent i s not v e g e t a r i a n .

Footwear

^

/

The May 1973 i s s u e of that e x c e l l e n t monthly " W H I C H ? " r e c e n t l y contained an a r t i c l e on men's s h o e s and the c o n c l u s i o n s r e a c h e d , after comparing man-made m a t e r i a l s with l e a t h e r , make interesting and encouraging r e a d i n g . M o s t men's s h o e s in this country s t i l l have leather uppers, although the s o l e s have mostly gone s y n t h e t i c . However, approximately 50% of a l l s h o e s for women now contain no l e a t h e r . Of the twelve different makes of men's s h o e s t e s t e d by " W h i c h ? " three had n o n - l e a t h e r s o l e s and uppers, but of t h e s e only Tohn White New Town Shoes were entirely free of l e a t h e r . The durability of this s h o e , on t e s t , showed it to be a s good a s a n y , whatever the material u s e d , and better than m o s t . The other two brands which contain only a l i t t l e leather are Super Poromerlc Vanguard M l 3 8 1 and Taverners S t a g , both from the British Shoe Company.. The uppers of a l l three models are of a poromeric material and the s o l e s of PVC.

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(Note from a reader : "I have been wearing a pair of the John White s h o e s you recommended almost every day for two years; the uppers are s t i l l supple and show no s i g n s of c r a c k i n g " ) . In the " W h i c h ? " t e s t the s o l e s which wore l e a s t well were leather in every c a s e . Some of the faults found in leather uppers, after three months' wear, were: j *Brushed pigskin had bald p a t c h e s *Some s h o e s showed a lot of c r e a s e s *3ome were s t a i n e d , and *There was a higher proportion of s p l i t s in uppers. Three out of the twelve were marked as, having ' b e s t general a p p e a r a n c e ' (after three months' wear) and two of t h e s e had poromeric uppers. They were John White New Town and Super Poromeric Vanguards. The two pairs with the worst appearance were both a l l - l e a t h e r s h o e s . C o n c l u s i o n s and a d v i c e from " W h i c h ? " : *

"Leather does not generally wear a s well a s the s y n t h e t i c m a t e r i a l s " .

*

"Poromeric uppers keep their appearance much better than leather ones and are generally c h e a p e r " .

*

"For durability go for s y n t h e t i c moulded s o l e s and avoid l e a t h e r " .

Like u s , " W h i c h ? " would like to s e e a l l ' s h o e s marked with the materials used. Some few years a g o , when l e g i s l a t i o n was d e f e a t e d , an attempt was made to encourage manufacturers to mark voluntarily but this a l s o failed. MODERN SHOE MATERIALS Poromeric - General name for permeable s y n t h e t i c materials designed to r e s e m b l e l e a t h e r . (Allows water vapour to e s c a p e , sometimes referred to a s ' b r e a t h i n g ' ) . Brands in use in this country: Corfam, C l a r i n o , Porvair, Xylee, Kaylin, and P a r a f l e x . PVC - Polyvinyl c h l o r i d e . Tough p l a s t i c material used for s o l e s and, in the form of coated f a b r i c , for uppers. Corfam - Many of you have been asking me about the fate of Corfam. Although the Dupont Company are no longer involved in the .manufacture and marketing of t h i s , it is s t i l l a v a i l a b l e to footwear.manufacturers and is now the r e s p o n s i b i l i t y of M e s s r s Barrow Hepburn. ('K' Shoes 'Ralnmaster' range for men i s one of the s t y l e s which s t i l l have uppers of Corfam). Tanera - One member wrote for information about this new h i g h - q u a l i t y material. It i s made by the Scott Chatham C o . of Philadelphia,

29


apparently on a similar principle to some of the other poromerics, but for the time being i s a v a i l a b l e only to American manufacturers. There are other new materials coming along; we s h a l l keep in touch with the manufacturers until they are in the s h o p s . A NEW SHOE FOR LADIES Dunlop H l - L o v e r s ' - are 100% man-made. Hi-Lovers have the same d a y long comfort we have come to e x p e c t from Dunlop ' L o v e r s ' . They will be in the shops from O c t o b e r , in a number of s t y l e s . Eva Batt (With acknowledgements to " W h i c h ? " and "Compassion")

PLANTMILK LTD - will in due course be marketing new l i n e s : substitute c h e e s e soread "Plamil V e g - e e z , and pulse b a s e d savoury (embracing l e n t i l s , split p e a s , y e a s t , e t c . ) "Plamil S a - v r e e " . Labels are being examined by I n s p e c t o r s of Health/Weights and M e a s u r e s and Public Analyst: after which art work and printing is to be undertaken. Then there i s the tedious j o b of getting the products into health food stores. We hope - with a bit of luck - that most readers will be a b l e to buy them by time the next i s s u e of Vegan g o e s to print. 1. 2.

Plamil - pause for thought on c o s t s With the rising c o s t of food and the dwindling value of the pound it is to be e x p e c t e d that some people tend to question the price of PLAMIL and compare it with the price of c o w ' s milk. It is important that vegans should r e a l i s e the unfair competition to which PLAMIL i s s u b j e c t e d . The National Dairy Council was a b l e to spend £3m. on publicity in one year alone. Their huge s a l e s cut overheads and distribution c o s t s to the minimum and they have benefited from immense sums spent by the e x c h e q u e r (support tothe dairy industry 1 9 6 8 - 6 9 was £ 2 8 . 2 m . for c a l v e s , £ 3 . 2 m . for b e e f c o w s , and £9m.for hill c o w s , and £ 4 6 m . was spent on Welfare Schemes). However, PLAMIL has immense advantages which put i t s value far above that of animal milk - it i s a health food o f great nutritional value made from purely v e g e t a b l e products with no a r t i f i c i a l flavouring, colouring or p r e s e r v a t i v e s . Apart from being free from the p h y s i c a l hazards of the products of the much medicated and abused cow it can be drunk with a c l e a r c o n s c i e n c e for no cow suffered frustration, no c a l f went to the v e a l unit, no animal went to the slaughter house b e c a u s e of i t . PLAMIL was promoted by v e g a n s , c o n t i n u e s to be produced by vegans and when you buy it you are helping to forward the c a u s e . Trulv it i s d e s c r i b e d a s "The Milk of Human K i n d n e s s " .

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CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENTS WANTED . . . Vegans/Vegetarians/Food Reformers to help start a new Vegetarian/Food Reform S o c i e t y in EXETER, DEVON. Please contact: Mrs B M Burchfield, , Pathfinder V i l l a g e , E x e t e r : Tel : Tedburn St Mary 2 1 2 . Vegan Lady has ACCOMMODATION in her old cottage in Dubrovnik. Also s e l f - c o n t a i n e d furnished r e s i d e n t i a l pavilion - short or long periods. Mrs J Lowne, , Dubrovnik, J u g o s l a v i a . Norwegian, M a l e , 2 2 , Vegan, would like work in England - preferably something in a c c o r d a n c e with Vegan p r i n c i p l e s . Thank you. P l e a s e write : Dag M o s e l d , 3140 BORGHEIM, NORWAY. Personable middle-aged Vegan lady, a l l home s k i l l s e t c . . culturally i n c l i n e d , s e e k s resident p o s t . Anything c o n s i d e r e d . Box 1, c/o Secreta ry. Accommodation offered to young vegan student or regular j o b , beautiful d i s t r i c t , daily r e a c h of London. Moderate t e r m s . Box 2, c/o S e c r e t a r y . German s c h o o l t e a c h e r , v e g a n , 3 5 , s e e k s Christmas or Easter holiday accommodation - wants to improve E n g l i s h . Box 3 , c/o S e c r e t a r y . HOUSE FOR RENT . . . FREEEE.' For 6/12 months or a period to be agreed upon. At: BRAY, Nr MAIDENHEAD, BERKS. Unfurnished (3 bedrooms). Garden e t c . No o b j e c t i o n to c h i l d r e n . The occupants would be required to take care of and perhaps improve the home and garden. Suit couple or family with handyman husband. Looking after this property would be the only "RENT" required. ALSO on the same terms : A larger home, a l s o at BRAY, Nr MAIDENHEAD. For further d e t a i l s about either of t h e s e h o u s e s p l e a s e 'phone Mr S a l k i n ' s o f f i c e (01 . 4 0 2 . 4 0 0 8 ) during b u s i n e s s hours. HOTELS AND GUEST HOUSES

CORNWALL - " W O O D C O T E " . The S a l t i n g s , Lelant, St I v e s . Overlooking Hayle Estuary. C . H . & H & C in a l l r o o m s . We take pleasure in catering for V e g a n s . Mr John & M i s s H a z e l B l a c k a l l e r . T e l : Hayle 3 1 4 7 . DEVON - ILFRACOMBE. Fairwynds Vegetarian G u e s t House offers Healthful holidays with natural whole f o o d s . Compost grown produce, home baking. Vegans w e l c o m e . Elizabeth Burton. VCA Member. Tel : 2 0 8 5 .

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LAKE DISTRICT - ORCHARD HOUSE. Borrowdale Road, Keswick . Small Vegetarian Guest House in good centre for walking, e t c . , lovely views from the b a c k . Home Baking and some Home Grown Produce. Miss Delia Rya 11. Tel : Keswick 7 2 8 3 0 . MONMOUTHSHIRE - MEDHOPE in the beautiful Lower Wye Valley. Own market garden and fruit farm provide Living Food - abundant, varied, d e l i c i o u s s a l a d s and fruit, nuts e t c . No c h e m i c a l s - no cooking e i t h e r , and no t r a f f i c s o u n d s . New Age Centre for v i t a l l i v i n g . Director: Harold Wood (FCA), " M e d h o p e " , Tintern, Mon NP6 7NX. Tel : 0 2 9 . 1 8 . 2 5 3 ( V . C . Mem) SURREY - CHERTSEY. Thames Valley, between Hampton Court and Windsor. Bed, Breakfast or B . B . and Evening M e a l for Vegetarians and Vegans. Compost grown produce. Home Baking. H & C. Mrs Young, , Tel : 6 4 4 2 5 . PERTHSHIRE - BROOK LINN, C a l l a n d e r . Vegetarian and Vegan meals carefully prepared and a t t r a c t i v e l y s e r v e d . Comfortable Guest H o u s e . Near T r o s s a c h s and Western Highlands. Mrs Muriel Choffin. Tel : Callander 30103 (STD 0 8 7 7 ) . DORSET - WEYMOUTH - Vegetarian and Vegan families welcomed. SAE p l e a s e to Mrs C o x , , Weymouth. Tel : Preston 2 4 0 2 . for UP-TO-DATE LIST of VEGETARIAN GUEST HOUSES and RESTAURANTS p l e a s e send stamp to: Secretary of the Vegetarian Catering A s s o c i a t i o n - Kathleen Keleney, Coombe Lodge, Wooton-under-Edge, G l o s .

THE RUTH HARRISON FUND. R e c e n t l y , a s part of her concern for the furtherance of her work, Ruth Harrison felt it her duty to prosecute a l i b e l a c t i o n , which proved u n s u c c e s s f u l , leaving her with l e g a l c o s t s , p o s s i b l y amounting to ÂŁ 3 0 , 0 0 0 . The undersigned are sure that there must be many who, having a high regard for Ruth Harrison's work for animals and admiring those who take a stand for c o n s c i e n c e s a k e , will wish to rally round her by helping to meet t h e s e e x p e n s e s , thereby enabling her to carry on her work. The Ven. Edward Carpenter, Archdeacon of W e s t m i n s t e r , Margery Perham Tristram Beresford Nadir Dinshaw Tom Ewer Colin Hutchinson Julian Huxley Eric James Yehudi Menuhin Barbara Northcliffe MacDonald Soper Donations and correspondence

LLOYDS BANK LTD, A/c No : 7 0 6 7 6 5 9 .

32

68 Warwick Square, London SW1.


NEW FROM ITONA!

ITONA TVP CHUNKS ::

TEXTURED VEGETABLE PROTEIN

HAM FLAVOUR A Complete Vegan Protein Replacement Food made available in all Health Food Stores 36p per 8 oz. packet by:

ITONA PRODUCTS LTD., LEYLAND MILL LANE, W I C A N LANCS

Olbas...

THE PURE PLANT REMEDY f A BOON TO SUFFERERS' O l b a s is a u n i q u e blend of potent plant oils .(called " e s s e n t i a l " oils). It is effective in so many different ways. W h e n inhaled its i n f l u e n c e o n the respiratory tract quickly s h o w s itself by clearing catarrhal and b r o n c h i a l c o n g e s t i o n , freeing the nasal and b r o n c h i a l passages and clearing the head. A p p l i e d to the skin it penetrates deeply giving a c o m f o r t a b l e feeling of w a r m t h w h i c h helps to s o o t h e away the miserable pains of rheumatic c o n d i t i o n s , neuralgia, pleurisy and b r o n c h i t i s . Used as a gargle Olbas Oil is a great b o o n to sufferers f r o m sore throat, loss of voice and laryngitis. 2 or 3 d r o p s on a s p o o n f u l of honey will relieve t r o u b l e s o m e c o u g h s . In so many ways, Olbas Oil—the Potent Plant Remedy—can be a b o o n to sufferers f r o m so many t h i n g s . A v a i l a b l e at your health food store price 63p for a 28 ml phial, and 28p for a .10 ml phial:

UNSOLICITED EVIDENCE FROM U S E R S OF O L B A S 'I think Olbas Oil is a help in coses of catarrh complaints'.

marvellous and chest

'Olbas Oil does all you claim would not be without i t ' .

for it. I

'I think Olbas OH is the b e s t value for money product I hove tried'. 'I feet Olbas Oil is second to none for catorrh and throot trouble', 'Olbas Oil hos been a real m e and my family'.

boon

to

O l b a s O i l w a s o r i g i n a t e d in S w i t z e r l a n d by P o - H o - C o . S . A . , B a s l e a n d i9 m a n u f a c t u r e d a n d d i s t r i b u t e d in G r e a t B r i t a i n by G. R. L A N E H E A L T H P R O D U C T S L T D . , G L O U C E S T E R


CRANKS HEALTH | FOODS| Marshall St London W1 Our shop offers you the best selection of unadulterated and unrefined vegetarian foods. open Monday to Friday 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Saturday 9 a.m. to I p.m.

PLANTMILK Now improved w i t h SUNFLOWER OIL . . . •

DELICE (cream replacement) • and now

SALAD DRESSING FOR YOUR V E G A N TABLE

make P L A M I L chocolate your first choice confection! Our restaurant offers you a continuous buffet service of fresh salads, fruit and vegetable juices and vegetarian savouries. open Monday to Friday 10 a.m. to 8.30 p.m.

from PROGRESSIVE HEALTH STORES

Informative literature f r o m :

PLANTMILK LTD. Plamil House, Bowles Well Gardens, Dover Road, Folkestone, Kent.


The Vegan Autumn 1973