June - September 2011
on’t let your child spend another boring summer at home with nothing to do! Virginia Air & Space Center has a wide variety of stellar summer camps for little explorers from kindergarten to 8th grade. These educational summer camps are so much fun your child won’t even notice that they’re learning when they embark on their summer camp quest! Regular camp-goers, ten years old Olivia Basco and AJ Sellers, love everything about the camps, including the snacks, programs, and new friends they meet every year. They even love the teachers! “I like Mr. Parrish, he makes things really fun and interesting, and isn’t strict like a school teacher,” Olivia stated. Olivia and AJ have both attended the Robotics and Claymation camps, which are just a few of the vast array of themes the program has to offer. AJ was very enthusiastic about the Robotics camp and what he learned as he exclaimed that “in the Robotics camp, we got to build Lego mind-storms, which was really fun.” Other summer camp themes include space exploration, detective mysteries, the disgusting world of Grossology, the five senses, and even your child’s favorite amusement park thrill rides: rollercoasters. Not only are the programs tons of fun, some campers get to experience a special surprise at the end of camp, including a visit to the Hampton Carousel. This is a favorite experience among many of the campers year after year as they get to explore the restored 1920’s merry-go-round on Downtown Hampton’s beautiful waterfront. Throughout the camp, children can investigate the wonders of science while having the time of their lives, meeting new friends and gaining new knowledge. Let the discovery begin this summer as you enroll your little explorer(s) in a summer science camp; they’ll be begging to come back year after year!
See page 5 for camp listings.
“I like Mr. Parrish, he makes things really fun and interesting, and isn’t strict like a school teacher,” - Olivia Basco, ten years old, VASC camper.
Blast off this summer with Science camps! • Make a sundae using liquid nitrogen • Become an astronaut • Solve a mystery & more!
Call 727-0900, ext. 716 for camp information or register on-line at www.vasc.org/camps Thanks to Community Sponsors:
Educate, entertain and inspire explorers of all ages. 600 Settlers Landing Road • Hampton, VA 23669 • (757) 727-0900 • www.vasc.org
FROM THE DIRECTOR
JUNE - SEPTEMBER
he Board of Directors and staff of the Virginia Air & Space Center gathered on April 26, 2011, to honor our dedicated volunteers for their service last year. Guests enjoyed a delicious meal provided by The Catering Company and a private screening of the IMAX film Born to Be Wild 3D.
CenterLine is published tri-annually for members and friends of the Virginia Air & Space Center. The Center is a private, non-profit educational institution with a mission to educate, entertain and inspire explorers of all ages. If you are interested in sponsoring any part of CenterLine, please contact Kim Hinson at 727-0900, extension 731 or e-mail her at email@example.com. Comments and questions concerning CenterLine should be addressed to Editor, CenterLine, Virginia Air & Space Center, 600 Settlers Landing Road, Hampton, Virginia 23669.
Kim K. Hinson Megan S. Steele Ann Marie S. Jenkins
During calendar year 2010, 169 active volunteers contributed over 9,600 hours in support of museum operations. Volunteers served as docents, tour guides, greeters, and HAM radio operators, and assisted with office tasks, camps, special events and Educator Resource Center (ERC) operations. Todd C. Bridgford
John Whytsell was honored as 2010 Volunteer of the Year for his commendable service as a volunteer docent and special assistance to the Center’s volunteer coordinator. An avid aviation enthusiast, John joined the volunteer corps in 2004. He received recognition for exceeding 1,000 hours of service in 2008 and has been listed among the Center’s “Top Ten” volunteers for total hours contributed each year since 2005, averaging 250 hours per year.
Megan S. Steele Jenny K. Kelly Marny Skora Lori Ertel
Several volunteers were recognized for achieving noteworthy service milestones this year:
Advanced Exhibits IMAX Corporation Ann Marie S. Jenkins Megan S. Steele NASA LaRC
Wally Carter was recognized for exceeding a remarkable 9,000 hours of service and ensuring the smooth and continuous operation of the Center’s amateur radio station. Wally ranked first on the “Top Ten” list of volunteers for service hours contributed in 2010 and was previously honored as 1996, 1997 and 2007 Volunteer of the Year.
Dottie Elwell and Ted Dieck each exceeded 6,000 hours of service this year and were listed among the Center’s “Top Ten” volunteers for 2010. Dottie has provided vital service as an administrative office volunteer since joining the volunteer corps in 1992 and was recognized as 2000 Volunteer of the Year. Ted became a volunteer docent in 1996 after completing a career as a college instructor and pilot in the U.S. Air Force. His dedicated volunteer service earned him the title of 2002 Volunteer of the Year.
SENIOR STAFF Executive Director/CEO Todd C. Bridgford Deputy Director Kim K. Hinson Director of Education Richard A. Byles, Ph.D. Curator/ Director of Exhibits, Collections & Facilities Allen R. Hoilman Director of Administrative Services Jenny K. Kelly Director of Visitor Services Pearl A. Osby Director of Sales Danielle L. Price Director of Marketing & PR Megan S. Steele
John Whytsell, 2010 Volunteer of the Year
Nanci Browning, Mel DesJarlais, John Johnson and John Witherspoon joined the outstanding volunteers who have exceeded 1,000 hours of service to the Center. Nanci received training with the original class of docents in 1991 and was on hand for the Center’s grand opening in April 1992. Her love of aircraft and gentle manner make her a favorite with visitors and staff members alike. Mel became a volunteer docent in 2004 after completing a career with the NOAA. His broad knowledge of ships, aircraft and satellites make him a valuable asset to our docent team. John Johnson joined us as a volunteer radio operator in 1996. A veteran of the U.S. Navy, John operates the Center’s amateur radio station on Wednesdays. John Witherspoon became a volunteer docent in 1992 shortly before his retirement from NASA Langley Research Center. During the summers from 1996 through 2001, he joined the staff as a NASA van tour operator, thereafter resuming his volunteer service as a greeter and ERC assistant. We congratulate these extraordinary volunteers and extend our heartfelt gratitude to the entire volunteer corps for their efforts to enrich the lives of others and fulfill the Center’s mission to educate, entertain and inspire visitors of all ages.
June 2011 - September 2011
NASA UPDATE NASA LANDS AT HOME-A-RAMA B
et you didn’t know that your hand-held cordless vacuum or that the air purifier in your refrigerator are products of NASA aerospace technology. The fact is, you will find NASAderived products throughout your household. Since NASA was formed in 1958, the Agency has been committed to finding ways to bring the benefits of space exploration back to Earth. And the best news is that you can see this technology in action at the Space Exploration House during this year’s Homearama! For ten years now, people have been living in space, orbiting above Earth aboard the International Space Station. Easily the most complex spacecraft ever built, the station has taught us a lot about living in space – but it has also yielded benefits here on Earth. While NASA does not manufacture, market or sell commercial products, a multitude of products are derived from NASA technology and adapted by private industry for use by consumers like you. Many are on display at the Space Exploration House and NASA personnel are available there to tell you more. The list below is expansive. Products from advanced home insulation and fire-resistant fabrics to infant formula and modern truck design to nutrition programs and sports equipment are inspired by NASA innovation. Developed by commercial entities from NASA’s research and technology innovations these products are ever leading to safer households, a cleaner environment, health and medical advances, computer technology upgrades,
Stop by the Space Exploration House during Homearama and see how you benefit from NASA technology.
transportation efficiencies and public safety improvements. All contribute to a better quality of life for all of us. Without a doubt, our Nation is receiving a significant return on its investment in NASA. For more information on tracing space back to you, go to http://www.nasa.gov/externalflash/nasacity/index2.htm For directions & details on Spring Homearama 2011 in Virginia Beach visit www.homearama.tv
Ask us about technologies like: • Bar Coding Originally developed to help NASA keep track of millions of spacecraft parts. Now used by nearly every sales organization to keep track of inventory. • Smoke Detectors First used in Skylab, the early Earth orbiting space station, to help detect toxic vapors. Now used in most homes and other buildings to warn of fire. • Joystick Controllers Developed as a controller for the Apollo Lunar Rover. Now used for lots of things, including computer games and vehicles for people with disabilities. • Advanced Plastics Special, low-cost materials for spacecraft developed as the base for printed circuits like those inside your computer. Now used as low-cost materials for food and beverage containers. • Medical Imaging Developed to process signals from spacecraft to gain clearer images. Now used to make photo-like images of the interior of our bodies. • Aerospace Resin Advanced flexible plastic that withstands heat and cold developed for high-speed aircraft. Now used for implantable medical devices, including leads to the human heart. • Ear Thermometers Infrared sensors developed to remotely measure the temperature of distant stars and planets. Now used as a hand-held thermometer that provides an accurate reading in two seconds or less. • Automotive Insulation Materials developed for the space shuttle thermal protection system. Now used by NASCAR to protect drivers from the extreme heat generated by the engines.
• Sun Tiger Glasses Developed to protect the eyes of welders working on spacecraft. Now used as protective lenses that block almost all the wavelengths of radiation that might harm the eyes. • Thermal Gloves and Boots Developed for the spacesuits worn by Apollo astronauts. Gloves and boots now fitted with heating elements powered by rechargeable batteries. • Shock Absorbing Helmets Temper Foam, a shock absorbing material, was first developed for use in aircraft seats. Now used in football helmets providing three times more shock absorbing capacity. • Invisible Braces Advanced ceramic research developed new, tough materials for spacecraft and aircraft. Now teeth-straightening braces use brackets made of this nearly invisible material. • Edible Toothpaste Special foamless toothpaste developed for the astronauts to use in space. Although this would be a great first toothpaste for small children, it is no longer available. • Ski Boots Developed with accordion-like folds for more comfortable space suits. Now this design allows ski boots to flex without distortion but still give support and control. • Infrared Cameras Sensitive infrared hand-held camera developed to observe the blazing plumes from the shuttle. Now used to scan for fires and point out hot spots for firefighters. • Video Stabilization Software Image-processing technology developed to analyze shuttle launch video. Now used to study meteorological images and help law enforcement enhance crime-solving video.
June 2011 - September 2011
TRAVELING EXHIBIT Human
Now through September 5, 2011!
sually you don’t find your own body’s oozes, scabs or smells too disgusting, it’s other people’s that gross you out. Well get ready to be truly grossed out by even your own body as you step into Human Grossology, the new traveling exhibit at the Virginia Air & Space Center, now through September 5, 2011. Based on the best selling book Grossology by Sylvia Branzei, this science-indisguise exhibition allows kids to get answers to many of the slimy, oozy, crust, stinky they always ask you about the human body. This time, let their minds do the wandering and discover some of the human body’s unique abilities as they explore over 20 interactive displays and games that the exhibit has to offer. Human Grossology uses sophisticated animatronics and imaginative exhibits to tell you the good, the bad and the downright ugly facts about how your body works. Take a “Tour du Nose” to explore ten nasal features, including how your snoot acts as an air filter, a smell sensor and a mucus producer. Play the pinball game “Gas Attack” by scoring off bumpers dressed up as food items that cause gas. Mimic the build up of acid indigestion by causing the “Burp Man” to release a giant belch. Explore the role of the kidney in a virtual reality experience in “Urine: The Game.” Match the body odors with the area of the body parts they come from: arm pits, lower intestines, mouth and feet in “Y U Stink.” Human Grossology explains how your body is constantly hard at work to keep you healthy. Learn through interactive exhibits that let you feel like you’re a tiny cell inside your own body. Ride down the Gastrointestinal (GI) Slide, climb a large-scale replica wall of scabby skin, play an life-sized version of the classic game Operation, learn about tooting, vomiting, boogers and so much more!
Play a giant game of "Operation."
Sometimes n science ca tinky be crusty, s t & down righ yucky!
Create your own disgusting burp.
Thanks to Community Sponsors:
June 2011 - September 2011
SUMMER SCIENCE CAMPS
Summer Science Camps 2011 Space is limited! REGISTER NOW!
From outer space to the wild blue yonder, super summer science camps at the Virginia Air & Space Center means stellar summer fun!
Grades K-1 (Must be age 5 by 06/01/11) • Scallywags, Stars and Science • June 20 - 24 • Human Grossology • June 27 - July 1 • Candy, Confections & Sundaes* (4-day camp) • July 5 - 8 • Whodunit?: Junior Detectives • July 11 - 15 • Challenge Your Senses • July 18 - 22 • Astronaut Adventure: Junior Rocket Kids! • July 25 - 29 • Scream Machines I • August 1 - 5 • Radical Robots • August 8 -12 • Exploring with NASA I • August 15-19
Grades 2-3 • Scallywags, Stars and Science • June 20 - 24 • Human Grossology • June 27 - July 1 • Wacky Chemist* (4-day camp) • July 5 - 8 • CSI: Hampton • July 11 - 15 • Nature of Sound • July 18 - 22 • Astronaut Adventure: Rocket Kids! • July 25 - 29 • Scream Machines II • August 1 - 5 • Astronaut Adventure: Robot Mission • August 8 -12 • Exploring with NASA II • August 15 - 19
Grades 4-5 • Scallywag Science • June 20 - 24 • Human Grossology • June 27 - July 1 • Magic of Chemistry* (4-day camp) • July 5 - 8 • CSI: Forensics Lab • July 11 - 15 • Space Sport Challenge • July 18 - 22 • Astronaut Adventure: Blast Off! • July 25 - 29 • Scream Machines III • August 1 - 5 • Astronaut Adventure: Robo-Power • August 8 - 12 • Exploring with NASA III • August 15 - 19
NEW! Grades 6-8 • Scallywag Science • June 20 - 24 • Living in Space • June 27 - July 1 • Spatial Cadets • July 5 - 8 (*4-day camp) • CSI: Forensic Science • July 11 - 15 • Aerospace Engineering Challenge • July 18 - 22 • Animation 101 • July 25 - 29 • G-Force • August 1 - 5 • Rover-Power • August 8 - 12 • Exploring NASA IV • August 15 - 19
For camp descriptions or to register visit www.vasc.org/camps or call 727-0900, ext. 716 for more information Thanks to Community Sponsors:
June 2011 - September 2011
RIVERSIDE DIGITAL IMAX
NOW SHOWING IN IMAX 3D!
his spring, witness the spectacular sights of human saviors to orphaned orangutans and elephants in the Orphaned baby ele phants need blank ets to keep them wa IMAX movie, Born to be Wild 3D, now showing. The rm. movie takes you on a behind the scenes journey into a world in which human generosity thrives, endangered species are saved and an incredible bond between humans and animals is shaped. This heart-warming experience transports audiences around the world to the lush forests of Borneo where orangutans are quickly becoming an endangered species. World renowned primatologist, Dr. Biruté Mary Galidikas, collaborates with her team in a heart-felt rescue of orphaned orangutans in which she and her team rehabilitate the orphans, and return them safely back to the wild. Meanwhile, audiences will also be transported to the rugged Kenyan savannah where orphaned elephants are experiencing the same threat of endangerment. Here, celebrated elephant authority, Dame Daphne Sheldrick and her team take the reins on saving and rehabilitating these beloved creatures. The film captures spectacular sights of love, teamwork, survival, and the beautiful Borneo and Kenyan wildernesses through IMAX 3D. Narrated by Academy-Award winner Morgan Freeman, this movie is sure to appeal to all movie go-ers, young and old alike. This stunning display of human affection towards unconditionally loving animals will leave audiences strongly motivated to take action to save our earth’s incredible creatures. ®
Thanks to Theater Sponsors:
On April 7, 2011 Virginia Air & Space Center members enjoyed a preview of Born to Be Wild 3D, created elephant ears, a stick puppet gorilla, science demonstrations and more.
See what our members thought of the film on our VASC You Tube channel...
June 2011 - September 2011
RIVERSIDE DIGITAL IMAX
SUPER 8 Opens June 10 in IMAX!
train derails and hits a truck in a catastrophic 1979 train crash. Several kids witness the event and soon come to realize that this crash was no accident. The kids notice something remarkable about the cargo, but can tell no one. Unexplainable events soon take the small town by storm as all the dogs run away and people go missing. The town Deputy attempts to uncover the truth of what is causing these inexplicable events while the authorities try to keep it under wraps. There is only one question to discover the truth of destruction in this small Ohio town – what was in the derailed train’s cargo?
new imax punch card See Five IMAX films, get onE FREE! Ask admissions desk for details.
Transformers: Dark of the moon 3D Opens July 1 in IMAX 3D!
n July 20, 1969 when our nation attained its greatest achievement, it also unlocked its greatest secret. As Apollo 11 “lost radio contact” with Earth, it in fact uncovered the biggest secret known to man: we are not alone. The Autobots and Deceptions become involved in the infamous space race between the U.S. and Russia, and once again Sam Witwicky (Shia LeBeouf) has to assist his robot friends. From Director Michael Bay and Executive Producer Steven Spielberg, this heart-pounding sequel to one of the most favorite movie collections of all time, the Transformers, is sure to thrill audiences once again.
& the Deathly Hallows 3D Part II
Opens July 15 in IMAX 3D!
he final movie of the Harry Potter series, so breath-taking it had to be shown in two parts, will bring an end to the beloved series for book readers and movie-goers alike. In Part Two, the long-feared war has begun and Voldemort’s Death Eaters seize control of Hogwarts in order to catch Harry Potter, alive, and bring him to Voldemort. As Harry searches to find the Horcruxes before Voldemort, he discovers the legend of the Deathly Hallows. Harry Potter comes to realize that his fate has already been decided for him as he draws closer to the event he has been preparing for since he first stepped into Hogwarts: the ultimate battle with Voldemort. Thanks to Theater Sponsors:
June 2011 - September 2011
COSMIC KIDS CLUB Become a Cosmic Kids Club member
per me 0 1 $ ONLY
Explore your world & beyond, meet special guests and make some really cool things!
Cosmic Kids Club is no longer a membership NEW! Now, pay only for the meetings you attend! To register for a particular meeting, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
June 2011 - September 2011
COSMIC KIDS SCHEDULE 2011 June 4 – Brainiacs What part of your body has a thermometer? Do you really have two brains inside your head? Find out how brains work & learn how to "exercise" your brain. Make your own model of a neuron and brain, test to see if your brain sees words or colors, and play the "Brain Game." July 9 – Home-a-Rama Explore some of the world’s craziest and kookiest homes! Discover how basic houses are built. Build an igloo and find out how some people live at sea. Look into the future to examine future building techniques, and design your own futuristic home! August 6 – Puppet Masters Investigate some famous puppets and puppeteers. Make your own puppets and create stories for them. Design and build a mini puppet theater to take home. Learn how to make hand shadows from a 150 year old book. Work in teams to put on a puppet show. September 10 – Weather Watchers It’s hurricane season! Discover what makes hurricanes and tornadoes tick. How do tornadoes form? Why do hurricanes have names? Learn how to track a hurricane using a tracking map. Create a tornado in a jar and create your own weather watcher survival kit! To register for a particular meeting, e-mail email@example.com
This summer there is one more reason to visit the Center... children can enjoy a ride on our Bumper Boats! Call 727-0900 or visit www.vasc.org or more information
Enjoy all the rides &
Operating Hours: June 1 - September 5, 2011
Daily: 12 p.m. to 5 p.m.
SAVE MONEY with this discounted ride pass! • MaxFlight • Bumper Boats • Hampton Carousel • Motion Simulator
The Hampton Carousel
Stay connected with VASC...
A restored 1920s merry-go-round, the Hampton Carousel is one of only 200 antique carousels still in the United States. Housed in a pavilion on Downtown Hampton's beautiful waterfront, the Hampton Carousel is a rare and beautiful example of American folk art.
facebook.com/vascnews vascnews.blogspot.com twitter.com/vascnews Text IMAX to 269411 Text VASPACE to 269411
Operating Hours: June 1 - September 5, 2011 Daily: 12 p.m. - 5 p.m. Group discounts are available. Special hours are available for groups or special occasions. Please contact us at 757-727-0900 ext. 780 for Group Bookings or ext. 717 for Special Events.
June 2011 - September 2011
COMMUNITY EVENTS Downtown Hampton
Friday, June 3 • 5 p.m. - 11 p.m. Saturday, June 4 • 10 a.m. - 11 p.m. Sunday, June 5 • noon - 6 p.m. The legend comes alive with...
FIREWORKS ON SATURD AY AT 9 P.M.
• Street skirmishes, live entertainment & full-scale sea battles • Pirates' Cove filled with eats & wares featuring vendors from 1718 to today • Thieves Market & Merchant Square
• Children's activities, Wee Port & Treasure dig for little pirates
• A recreation of Hampton’s original Bunch of Grapes Tavern
www.blackbeardfestival.com • 757-727-0900 Presenting Partner:
Queensway in Downtown Hampton • 9 a.m. - 1 p.m. Summer Market: May 21 – August 6* • Fall Market: October 1 – 22 *no event on June 4 due to Blackbeard Festival
• Live entertainment • Fresh produce • Herbs • Specialty items • Local art • Handmade arts & crafts • Beer & wine tastings • Children’s activities, inflatables & more!
Children's activites provided by:
757-727-0900 www.vasc.org/celebrationsbythebay 10 CenterLine
June 2011 - September 2011
COUNTDOWN CALENDAR Sigma Series
June 7 • 7:30 p.m. New Traveling Exhibit!
Now through Sept. 5, 2011
Tigers, Spiders and Raptors: One Test Pilot's Story by Alfred "Paul" Metz
July 12 • 7:30 p.m.
Drifting on Alien Worlds: Exploring the Skies and Weather of Other Worlds by Mr. Michael Carroll
August 2 • 7:30 p.m.
Personal Computing by Dr. Bernard S. Meyerson
September 6 • 7:30 p.m. Now Showing
Opens June 10
Opens July 1
Opens July 15
Special Events Saturday Summer Street Fest Every Saturday now through Sept. 3 • 6 p.m. - 11 p.m. Queensway - Downtown Hampton. Takes to the streets for a fun-filled street fair including live musical entertainment, cold refreshments & plenty of activities for the young and old.
Father's Day Promo: FREE Admission for Dad! Friday – Sunday, June 17-19, 2011
Cosmic Kids Club Saturday, June 4 Brainaics
Saturday, July 9 Home-a-rama
Saturday, August 6 Puppet Masters
Saturday, September 10 Weather Watchers
The Virginia Air & Space Center celebrates father's day by offering dads FREE EXHIBIT ADMISSION with the purchase of a child’s exhibit admission.
Downtown Hampton Market Place Saturdays on Queensway • 9 a.m. - 1 p.m. Summer Market: Now through August 6* Fall Market: October 1 – 22 Downtown Hampton offers a variety of fresh produce including vegetables & fruits from regional farmers, seafood, homemade baked goods and other Virginia specialties. Enjoy live music, children's activities, local artistry, wine & beer tasting and more. (*no market on June 4, due to Blackbeard Festival)
12th Annual Blackbeard Pirate Festival Friday through Sunday, June 3-5, 2011 – Downtown Hampton Set sail for Hampton’s Pirate Festival where living history and family fun goes hand-in-hand. Immerse yourself in early 1700s Hampton with live entertainment, pirate camp, children’s activities, sea battles, Saturday, and more, as Hampton reenacts and celebrates the demise of Blackbeard, one of the fiercest pirates ever known. Call 727-0900 for more information or visit www.blackbeardfestival.com
Summer Science Camps Space is Limited! Register Now! for camp details or register on-line at www.vasc.org/camps
June 2011 - September 2011
Non-Profit Org. U.S. Postage
Hampton, Virginia Permit No. 516
600 Settlers Landing Road Hampton, Virginia 23669-4033
Printed on recycled paper
GENERAL INFORMATION VIRGINIA AIR & SPACE CENTER HOURS June 1 through September 5, 2011
September 6, 2011 – September 30, 2011
Monday - Wednesday: 10 a.m. - 5 p.m. Thursday - Sunday: 10 a.m. - 7 p.m.
Monday: Closed Tuesday - Saturday: 10 a.m. – 5 p.m. Sunday: noon – 5 p.m.
LOCATION The Center is located at 600 Settlers Landing Road in Downtown Hampton. From I-64 take exit 267 to Settlers Landing Road. Proceed over the bridge; the Center will be on your left just past the Crowne Plaza Hampton Hotel; the parking facility will be one block further on your right.
Please Note: The Riverside IMAX Theater at the Virginia Air & Space Center is open select evenings for special shows.
TELEPHONE: 757-727-0900 • FAX: 757-727-0898 WEB SITE: www.vasc.org
2011 Schedule Blackbeard Festival featuring: June 3 (Fri.) Michael Clark Band June 4 (Sat.) B2B Band Queensway in Downtown Hampton Saturdays• 6 p.m. - 11 p.m.
• Live music ents • Cold refreshm d! the young & ol • Activities for For more information call 757-727-0900 www.vasc.org/celebrationsbythebay
Bruce in the USA
Heather Edwards Band
Special thanks to COX Communications for providing the Virginia Air & Space Center telephone, e-mail and Internet services.
Published on Jun 1, 2011