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Neighborhoods Now

Dear friend,

for small businesses on how to apply for relief loans. They drafted legal templates for short-term leases to occupy vacant storefronts. They collaborated with senior staff at City agencies to help neighborhoods access programs like Open Streets and Open Restaurants.

As the pandemic took root in our city in March, its uneven impact on the lives of New Yorkers quickly became painfully clear. While our city’s well-resourced communities and businesses benefit from the ability to purchase expertise, the The work is far from over. Many of these firms are committed neighborhoods where many of our essential workers live do to continuing these partnerships in service of long-term not have the same access and resources. efforts to address systemic inequities and greater community In response, the Urban Design Forum and Van Alen Institute ambitions. The need for this work is profound, and we hope this effort inspires the design community to come together in tapped into our collective network of architects, designers, continued service of New York’s neighborhoods. Ultimately, and engineers. In a matter of weeks, more than 65 firms the long term value of this approach will be the alliances mobilized to support the recovery of four neighborhoods forged across demographic and professional boundaries. hit particularly hard by the pandemic: Bed-Stuy, Brooklyn; Jackson Heights, Queens; Kingsbridge, Bronx; and We are humbled by this outstanding display of teamwork, Washington Heights, Manhattan. To date, these firms — including architects, planners, engineers, graphic designers, creative problem solving, and immense generosity. We thank the 200+ community experts and practitioners who and attorneys — have contributed thousands of hours of pro have given their time and passion, and we look forward to bono expertise to support fellow New Yorkers. continuing the work. In partnership with community leaders, they piloted open-air With gratitude, extensions for restaurants, created neighborhood signage with COVID-19 health protocols, and developed proposals Deborah Marton for relocating community events and educational programs Executive Director, Van Alen Institute into open space. Our partner neighborhoods’ needs also went far deeper than design, so our working groups expanded their support beyond physical interventions. They organized a seminar

Daniel McPhee Executive Director, Urban Design Forum


Neighborhoods Now

The use of the information contained in this document is at the sole risk of the user, and the Van Alen Institute and the Urban Design Forum shall not be responsible for, or liable in any way for, the accuracy, completeness or any other matter with respect to the contents herein. The user hereby assumes all risks of the use of the information, and irrevocably and unconditionally waives, releases and discharges the Van Alen Institute and the Urban Design Forum and its direct and indirect members, directors, officers, employees, agents, affiliates, volunteers and representatives, from any and all liability of any kind or nature whatsoever, in connection with the matters contained herein, and the use of the information contained herein.


Neighborhoods Now Initiative Wild Project

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


In the absence of state/city performance space re-opening guidelines, HLD along with collaborating design firms have collectively gathered information from other states to help inform our design suggestions. These suggestions are not based on any governmental directives and HLD cannot guarantee effectiveness.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


Vision The Wild Project is a theater, film, music, and visual arts venue that presents diverse, engaging, inspiring, and entertaining works to the vibrant and growing community of Alphabet City in New York’s East Village. Founded in 2007, the Wild Project is an innovator among arts venues, providing an eco-friendly theater and gallery where the artists and space nurture each other. The company is dedicated to creating an environment that supports the artists, and to cultivating artists that support the environment. With an eco-conscious approach to presenting the dynamic works of hundreds of emerging artists each year. Due to COVID-19 pandemic the cultural space was forced to close their doors, leaving a play mid production and gallery shows on pause. The city's reopening plans place the Wild Project in an interesting position, able to open as a retail gallery but not as a theater. The Wild Project hopes to reopen their doors by taking initiative and proposing an outdoor theater program, similar to that of Open NYC Restaurants. With this in mind, the vision for the project is anchored on two timelines: the immediate opportunity to bring theater to the streets and the planning for future indoor theater re-opening. 1. Outdoor Theater The goal is to bring the theater outdoors, utilizing the sidewalk as a theater space for people to safely perform and attend shows. 2. Indoor Reopening Strategies

Understanding the limitations to indoor occupancies due to airborn viruses, the goal is to visually show possible ways to carry on with reopening in the future.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


Wild Project Today Performance Spaces

The Wild Project is currently located at 195 E 3rd street in the heart of Manhattan's Alphabet City in the East Village. It is a vibrant space with strong sense of community and support for the environment. The cultural space provides a nurturing space for artists to grow and showcase their works. The space has three identifying spaces: 1. Iconic Front Facade 2. Gallery / Lobby

195 E 3RD STREET

3. Theater Space

Front Facade

Gallery / Lobby

Theater Space

DRESSING RM GALLERY / LOBBY 12'8" x 22'6" CONTROL ROOM

MECH

WC

STAGE 18'x22.5'

BACKSTAGE

WC DRESSING RM

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


Wild Project Today

Analysis for Outdoor Stage and seating with street barriers and platform

24' Business Frontage

Side by side

NYC Open Restaurants

Allowed distance for proposed outdoor theater.

Creates a strong sense of community by animating the public realm.

Successful utdoor dinning already occuring on 3rd Street.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


1. Outdoor Theater

Adopting NYC Open Restaurants Criteria

BUILDING SIDEWALK

STAGE

BUILDING

BUILDING

Following the guidelines set forth for the NYC Open Restaurants, we have identified 3 important spatial criteria critical to the excecution of the Wild Project Outdoor Theater. In order to carry this through the Wild Project must review all the requirements set forth by the city to check for elegibility and approval.

SIDEWALK

7'-0"

BUILDING

15'-0"

SIDEWALK

PEDESTRIAN R.O.W.

OUTDOOR RESTAURANT

CURB EDGE

STAGE

OUTDOOR RESTAURANT

1. Theater Footprint

2. Pedestrian Right of Way

3. Stage and Seating Arrangement

Theater Footprint is determined by the business frontage's lenght

Seating/Theater area must leave an 8' clear path for pedestrians and must be surrounded by a protective barrier separating seating from the travel lane.

Spatial arrangement must take into consideration developing social distancing regulations regarding performances.

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3RD STREET

24'-0" BUSINESS FRONTAGE

OUTDOOR RESTAURANT

13'-6"

PROTECTIVE BARRIERS OUTDOOR RESTAURANT

3RD STREET

SIDEWALK

WILD PROJECT

3RD STREET

8'-0" MAX FROM CURB

CURB EDGE

3RD STREET

WILD PROJECT

8'-0"

WILD PROJECT

Henning Larsen


1. Outdoor Theater

1'-0 12 "

BUILDING SIDEWALK 6'-0"

15'-0"

6'-0"

15'-0" 3RD STREET

6'-0"

15'-0"

3'-0" 6'-0"

OUTDOOR RESTAURANT

6'-0"

CLEAR PARTITION

SIDEWALK

CLEAR PARTITION

4'-10 34 "

CLEAR PARTITION

STAGE

OUTDOOR RESTAURANT

24'-0"

OUTDOOR

3RD STREET

Outdoor seating must be complient with social distancing regulations. Based on the NYC Open Restaurant guidelines and social distancing within a STAGE guidelines the individual and group audience members must seated STAGE minimum distance of 6' of each other. There are a variety of seating lay outs possible depending on the space provided.

BUILDING

Seating Configurations

24'-0"

24'-0"

1. Staggered Seating

2. Side by side

3. Outdoor Restaurant

Providing 6' distance between audience members and clear barriers laterally to the seats to provide extra security.

Creating a similar set up to that of a theater allows for a consistently fixed number of seats that can be separated by movable protective barriers.

Creating an outdoor restaurant setting allows for the Wild Project to have show's while people enjoy refreshments. Must maintain a minimum of 6' distance in between groups.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


1. Outdoor Theater

Performance Types: Distances and regulations Cultutal events have always been a staple event in which people came in close contact; with other audience members and between actors. The new COVID-19 virus is challening the way will experience theater, and the industry is evaluating safe ways in which to continue to perform in front of live audiences. These are based on current recommendations as no regulations have been concretely shared.

OUTDOOR RESTAURANT

15'-0" COVID-19 SAFETY DISTANCE

ADJUSTABLE BARRIERS

SIDEWALK

8'-0"

SEATING 128 SF

OUTDOOR

3RD STREET

OUTDOOR RESTAURANT

ADJUSTABLE BARRIERS

SIDEWALK

12'-0"

SEATING 128 SF

3RD STREET

SEATING

ADJUSTABLE BARRIERS

3'-0"

CLEAR PARTITION

10'-0" COVID-19 SAFETY DISTANCE

STAGE

8'-0"

BUILDING

STAGE

BUILDING

STAGE

1. Microphone Performance

2. Spoken Word

3. Wind Performance

Allow for clear partition to separate the performer from the audience, eliminating risk of propagation of the virus due to projection.

Limited projection performances, such as spoken word, may allow for a minimum of 10' distancing from the audience. This should be a masked performance (both artist and audience).

This could be categorized as a high risk performance, the artist should be masked as should the audience. The distance should be of a minimum of 15' - other cases have also shared minimum distances of 25'.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


1. Outdoor Theater

Layout Option 1

Following the NYC Open Restaurant guideline and adapting it to host the outdoor theater. This is the most straight forward configuration, creating space for the audience in the side walk and road extension. The stage would be hosted inside the gallery space.

BUILDING

Business Frontage Extension

STAGE

15'-0"

SIDEWALK

8'-0"

CLEAR PARTITION

SEATING 283.5 SF

OUTDOOR RESTAURANT

24'-0"

Neighborhoods Now

3RD STREET

8'-0"

7'-0"

PEDESTRIAN R.O.W.

Henning Larsen


1. Outdoor Theater

Layout Option 2

Wrap-Around Right of Way

BUILDING

Following the NYC Open Restaurant guideline and adapting it to host the outdoor theater. This configuration proposes to bring the clear 8' right of way around the seating space, utilizing the road extension.The stage would be hosted inside the gallery space.

STAGE

SIDEWALK

15'-0"

PEDESTRIAN R.O.W.

8'-0"

Neighborhoods Now

OUTDOOR RESTAURANT

16'-0"

8'-0"

3RD STREET

8'-0"

SEATING 192 SF

12'-0"

ADJUSTABLE BARRIERS

3'-0"

CLEAR PARTITION

Henning Larsen


1. Outdoor Theater

Layout Option 3

Extended Outdoor Theater

BUILDING

Following the NYC Open Restaurant guideline and adapting it to host the outdoor theater. This configuration proposes to extend its outdoor programming and sharing it with the next door business frontage. The shared business frontage would allow for a complete exterior theater.

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15'-0" COVID-19 SAFETY DISTANCE

15'-0" 11'-0"

OUTDOOR RESTAURANT

3RD STREET

10'-0"

8'-0"

SEATING 148.5 SF

STAGE

15'-0"

PEDESTRIAN R.O.W.

13'-6"

NEXT DOOR BUSINESS FRONTGAE

SIDEWALK

8'-0"

WILD PROJECT

Henning Larsen


1. Outdoor Theater

Layout Option 4

WILD PROJECT

Neighborhoods Now

15'-0" OUTDOOR RESTAURANT

3RD STREET

8'-0"

7'-0"

10'-0" 5'-0"

COVID-19 SAFETY DISTANCE

PEDESTRIAN R.O.W.

STAGE

SIDEWALK

8'-0"

Following the NYC Open Restaurant guideline and adapting it to host the outdoor theater. Using the extension of the business frontage as a space for actors to practice safely in the outdoors. This configuration does not require space for audience. *recommended to have staff makign sure people aren't stoppong to watch.

BUILDING

Extended Outdoor Theater

Henning Larsen


1. Outdoor Theater

Barrier Assembly Concept

This outdoor barricade will follow the regulations set for the for the NYC Open Restaurants, they are intended to be permanent barricades in parking spaces along the business frontage. They are inspected thoroughly and must follow the following regulations: 30"-36" in height 18" width Must have retroreflective tape MATERIALS NEEDED:

Protective barriers

Standard plywood sheets Wood screws 2" x 4" (lenght flexible)

Place making platform

Raised to curb height

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


2. Theater Reopening Strategy Meeting COVID-19 Safety Guidelines

Planning for reopening of interior spaces must take into serious consideration the importance of social distancing as the main safety factor.

OPEN DOOR

OUT

Theater Circulation:

195 E 3RD STREET

- Single direction circulation path throughout the space - Establish timed entrance to the theater begining from furthest away from entrance - Clearly designate distanced waiting line locations (i.e. for wc) Gallery reopeing:

- Recommended to have the garage open (weather permitting) - Establish an online ordering system for beverages in order to avoid queues - Clearly designate a distanced waiting line location (i.e. for wc)

GALLERY / LOBBY 12'8" x 22'6"

MECH

WC

BEV. PICK-UP

BEVERAGES

IN

CONTROL ROOM

WC

ONE WAY

IN 195 E 3RD STREET

CHECK - IN

CONTROL ROOM

WC LINE

MECH

WC

ROW SEATED 1ST

GALLERY / LOBBY 12'8" x 22'6"

ROW SEATED LAST

DRESSING RM

STAGE 18'x22.5'

BACKSTAGE

WC DRESSING RM

OUT

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


2. Theater Reopening Strategy Meeting COVID-19 Safety Guidelines

Clear partition Theater reopening guidelines have not been officially published, therefore we recommend to follow social distancing of 6' between audience members. Social distancing between audience members

CONTROL ROOM

Follow social distancing guidelines, implement timed entrances to the theater and introduce clear barriers to provide frontal protection.

STAGE 18' x 22.5'

BACKSTAGE

DRESSING RM

All performers must be masked and must maintain at least 10' distance from each other. Ideally the performances would be using a microphone per performer and should be at a minimum distance of 15' from the audience. Additional safety measure would be to implement a clear safety barrier.

1 OCCUPANT

STAGE 18' x 22.5'

DRESSING RM

BACKSTAGE

"

6'-11 14 "

3'

-0 TY 10D' SAFE DE EN MM CO RE

6'-5 14 "

CONTROL ROOM

RE CO MM EN 10' DE D S 0" AF ET YD IST AN CE

Performers safety

NC TA DIS E

EXIT

DRESSING RM

MINIMUM SAFETY DISTANCE RECOMMENDED SAFETY DISTANCE

10'-0"

15'-0"

Audience clear partition

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6'-0"

Henning Larsen


Neighborhoods Now Initiative Swiss Institute

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


In the absence of state/city performance space re-opening guidelines, HLD along with collaborating design firms have collectively gathered information from other states to help inform our design suggestions. These suggestions are not based on any governmental directives and HLD cannot guarantee effectiveness.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


Swiss Institute The Swiss Institute is an independent non-profit contemporary art organization founded in 1986. SI is located 38 St Marks Pl, the corner of Second Avenue and St Marks Place in the East Village neighborhood of Manhattan. Exhibitions include visual and performing arts, design, and architecture, with public programs spanning a wide range of topics. SI also has weekly public programming and education classes.

Through the Neighborhoods Now Intiative, the Swiss Institute requested HVAC and mechanical system upgrade support in the effort to create a safe re-opening strategy in several phases. Thornten Tomasetti as the consulting engineers provided mechanical system upgrade sugestions and advice to help support this task. 1. Identify HVAC system 2. Call with Thorton Tomasetti and Swiss Institute to discuss HVAC updates Thorton Tomasetti team reviewed Swiss Institute's system and discussed with them how they can better prepare the space for reopening. 3. Thorton Tomasetti COVID-19 HVAC Considerations sheet Document put together by the MEP Thorton Tomasetti team regarding the COVID-19 virus and HVAC systems.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


Swiss Institute Today

Reopening Strategy

Below Grade Gallery Spaces

Main Gallery

Library and additional program spaces

To be opened on the second stage of the gallery's reopening.

Priority for reopening of the gallery spaces and current exhibition.

Closed to the public until later stages of reopening.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


1.Identify HVAC Sysem

Current HVAC models and spatial details

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Henning Larsen


2. Call with Thorton Tomasetti

Discussion regarding Swiss Institute's HVAC models and COVID suggestions Swiss Institute's current units: 1. Split system: Variable, re-circulated system (do not bring in fresh air) .

2. RT ERU (energy recovery unit): Assumption that it’s bringing in outdoor air to meet regulations, the source of outside air for the building. If the ERU is changing 100% of the air this would be the best case scenario. 3. Heat curtain: prevents hot air / cold air from entering the space. Currently not in operation due to boiler system concern, no big impact on the space.

Summary TT recommended steps for HVAC updated regarding COVID-19 virus: Increase split system unit Increase the energy recovery unit Control humidity level Purchase supplementary filtration units UV Lights

Split System and MERV filter ratings: Main issue: Split system Mitsubishi unit (fan that pushes the air doesn’t have the capability to push a lot of air through "barriers" (filters). Split system units have low filtration MERV To switch up the filter must check with manufacturer if unit is able to handle a higher MERV (increase filtration). Fan capacity is lower power so it can only push air through lower filtration levels – barrier. Important to check with manufacturer prior to exchanging in order to avoid damaging the unit.

Anyway to increase filtration system is good in this climate – Contact manufacturer and ask how much you can increase the MERV rating for this specific unit. Additional suggestions: - Keep the units running 24/7 - consistently filtering out the air. - Human comfort 40-50%. It is recommended to keep humidity between 40-60% to control virus, below 40% is higher risk of propagating the virus. - Supplementary filtration Units: HEPA filters and increased MERV units, can be additional support to the HVAC unit and are typically affordable movable units – sit on wheels, etc. - Another suggestion/recommendation is to put UV lights: Can be mounted in units and duct work. Recommended to be installed in the ERU unit. Required extra maintenance – must check with unit manufacturer. Also have portable UV lights unit –they are not recommended to be "on" while occupants are in the space. Not a healthy idea.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


3. Thorton Tomasetti COVID-19 HVAC Considerations Informational document: Shared with all teams from Neighborhoods Now that requested HVAC help, this document outlines the basic information regarding the upgrading and understanding of HVAC systems and COVID-19.

COVID-19: HVAC Considerations DISCLAIMER: TT is not aware of any measure that may be taken to prevent the spread of COVID- 19 or other such viruses. There are system enhancements that may be made that may assist in the prevention of spreading virus and other airborne contaminants. As such, the following statements shall not be construed to warrant or guarantee the performance of any building and/or any of its components under any circumstances, including, but no limited to an outbreak of Covid-19. In connection with any reliance on the information provided herein, TT and its owners, officers, directors, managers, officials, trustees, agents, employees, or other representatives shall not be liable for any exposure, infection, and/or spread of COVID-19, including any claims for personal injuries, death, disease or property losses, or any other loss, including but not limited to claims of negligence for damages, whether known or unknown, foreseen or unforeseen. Filtration Increased filtration will remove additional particulate from the air. Different levels of filtration will remove different size particulates. Filter performance is measured in MERV levels (Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value) as defined by ASHRAE. A higher level MERV filter will remove more contaminants by trapping smaller particles, for example, replacing MERV 8 filters with MERV 14 will result in a higher level of filtration. Certain HVAC systems allow for higher level filters to be used. This will generally depend upon the static pressure available with the fan profile of the unit in the system. Fans produce a certain amount of static pressure measured in inches, this is the pressure used for the air to overcome the friction from the system components such as ductwork, filters, dampers, etc. The manufacturer of the unit should be able to define the highest level filter that may be used, often it is defined in literature provided with the unit. Pre-filters are also a component to be considered, pre-filters are filters installed before the main filter. The purpose of the pre-filter is remove larger particulate that allows for less loading of the main filter and therefore extends the life of the main filter, pre-filters should cost less than main filters, adding to the economic performance. Filter systems may also be added to a space separately from the existing system. Stand-alone filters cord connected to convenience receptacles can simply be purchased. These portable air cleaners utilize HEPA filters or high MERV filters to clean the air in a single room or area. Permanent recirculating filter systems can also be installed, perhaps in the ceiling. According to ASHRAE, improve the existing filtration system to MERV-13 if possible. Humidification Studies have shown that viruses apparently thrive in lower humidity. Humidity is also apparently important to the occupant health. Therefore, humidifiers may be a component that will assist in a healthy indoor environment. According to ASHRAE, midrange humidity levels are associated with improved immunity against respiratory infections. While ASHRAE does not recommend a specific humidity target, the organization

51 Madison Avenue, 18th Floor | N ew Y ork NY 10010 | T 212.367.3000 | F 212.367.3030 | www.ThorntonTomasetti.com

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


notes that a relative humidity level below 40% is associated with a number of factors that increase infection. A research review published in the Annual Review of Virology stated that the ideal relative humidity for preventing aerosol transmission of respiratory viruses is between 40% and 60%. Humidifiers should be installed with ducted systems with care. Improperly installed humidifiers can cause corrosion of ductwork and ponding of water within the ductwork. Water in ductwork is a health concern as it can be source of contaminants such as legionella. Humidifiers may also be added to a space separately from the existing system. Stand-alone humidifiers, cord connected to convenience receptacles can simply be purchased. Permanent recirculating humidifier systems can also be installed, perhaps in the ceiling. The humidifiers themselves should also be regularly cleaned and treated to prevent growth of mold or bacteria. Ventilation Increased ventilation may be obtained using an existing system by increasing the percentage amount of outside air drawn into the system. Typical commercial office systems generally draw 20% outside air, this would mean that for every 100 cubic feet per minute (CFM) of air the system supplies to the space and then draws back through return, 20 CFM is replaced with outside air, typically drawn through an outside air louver at the unit. Typically the 20 CFM is simply not returned and is used to positively pressurize the conditioned space. Return air can be exhausted instead of recirculated back to the space, increased outside air would then be drawn to replace it. Increased outside air to an existing system would need to have an energy recovery component to offset the increased energy demand.

Disable Demand Control Ventilation (DCV) systems, which reduce the ventilation air when there are fewer people in the space than its designed occupancy.

UGVI Devices Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) is a technology that uses light energy as the disinfectant. This energy damages the nucleic acids and proteins of pathogens, making them inactive and unable to transmit infection. These devices should be considered for high-density locations. Some UVGI units can be mounted in ducts or air-handling units. Portable UVGI devices are also available. Keep HVAC Systems Running Leave HVAC systems in operation for as long as possible in emergency situations, up to 24/7 if possible. Regardless of the level of filtration your system has, it can only remove particles from the air when the fan is running.

TT’s statements above are subject to change based upon the receipt of additional or updated information. subsurface conditions at the subject property and have been provided in accordance with the standards of skill and care generally exercised by other professional consultants acting under similar circumstances and conditions. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made as to the statements presented in this report.

Examples of energy recovery components that may be used include air to air heat exchangers, hydronic coils and energy recovery wheels. Air to air heat exchangers are large components that transfer energy from the exhaust airstream to the incoming outside air. The air streams are separated by plates (often welded) that do not allow air streams to physically touch. Heat is transferred from exhaust to intake air during heating season and from intake air to exhaust air during cooling season. The system requires space for the exchanger, which is large and connection of the supply and exhaust ductwork. Hydronic coil recovery systems consist of coils in the intake and exhaust airstreams connected by piping with a pump system. The pump circulates water through the coils. Heat is transferred from exhaust to intake air during heating season and from intake air to exhaust air during cooling season. Exhaust ductwork can be remote from the intake ductwork but large piping runs create energy losses decreasing the effectiveness of the system. Energy recovery wheels are similar to air to air exchangers in that the air streams must be adjacent. The energy wheel rotates with each air stream passing through it, similar to a filter. Heat is transferred from exhaust to intake air during heating season and from intake air to exhaust air during cooling season. Energy wheels can be installed as a component of an air handler and perhaps will be the most compact option, a concern of energy wheels is that the wheel physically touches both air streams.

51 Madison Avenue, 18th Floor | N ew Y ork NY 10010 | T 212.367.3000 | F 212.367.3030 | www.ThorntonTomasetti.com

Neighborhoods Now

51 Madison Avenue, 18th Floor | N ew Y ork NY 10010 | T 212.367.3000 | F 212.367.3030 | www.ThorntonTomasetti.com

Henning Larsen


Neighborhoods Now Initiative Nuyorican Poets Cafe

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


In the absence of state/city performance space re-opening guidelines, HLD along with collaborating design firms have collectively gathered information from other states to help inform our design suggestions. These suggestions are not based on any governmental directives and HLD cannot guarantee effectiveness.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


Vision The Nuyorican Poets Cafe is a nonprofit organization in Alphabet City in the Lower East Side of Manhattan. It is a bastion of the Nuyorican art movement in New York City, and has become a forum for poetry, music, hip hop, video, visual arts, comedy and theatre.

Through the Neighborhoods Now Initiative, the Nuyorican Poets Cafe has requested space planning design support to help with their interior performance re-opening strategy. 1. Spatial configuration and performance safety Outline possible stage locations to maximize space usage within new regulations, as well as specify safety measures regarding performances and COVID-19. 2. Audience seating strategies

Provide a visual understanding of flexible seating arrangements to create a visual reference for ways to take advantage of the space and regulations. 3. Circulation strategies

Map circulation strategies to deal with audience management, ticketing, and service paths in order to allow for proper safety distances needed.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


Nuyorican Cafe Today Performance Space

The building is a historical site of New York City, a cultural hub with many years of history. The building is due for a renovation project to be funded by the City but it is projected to be in the coming years. Currently the performance space is hosted on the ground floor with flexible seating that allows for multiple seating configurations.

Currently the space is facing issues with neighboring construction that has blocked off some of the building's means of emergency egress. This has caused for the occupancy numbers to be lower prior to COVID regulations and is an important factor to keep in mind for the reopening plans.

Front Facade

L2 MEZZANINE

EXTERIOR SPACE

Performance space

Poetry Night

HISTORICAL BAR

WC

DIRECTORS BOOTH HVAC

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

Neighborhoods Now

UP

ALCOVE

ENTRANCE/EXIT

DN

BOH ENTRANCE/EXIT

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

Henning Larsen


1. Spatial Configuration and Performance Safety

Performance Safety

Performance safety is key and limitations are applicable both to audience members and performers. Its is recommended that all performers are masked and remain 6ft minimum distance from each other; due to platform dimensions it is not recommended to have more than one performer on stage at a time. There are 3 recommended base ways to create distance between performers and the audience members:

4'-0"

7'-10 34 "

STAGE

STAGE

STAGE

15'-0"

10'-0"

CLEAR PARTITION

1. Clear partition/barrier

2. 10 ft perimeter

3. 15 ft perimeter

Separating audience from performer with a clear partition. Allows for maximum use of theatre space to be allocated for the audience. Most likely would need to be a microphone performance.

Minimum safety distance between audience and performer. Required audience and performer to be masked, and no wind instruments allowed.

Distance to ensure safety of audience and performer, and maximizing of theatre space. The larger the distance the better, 15' is a standard to provide a visual of increased social distancing between audience and performer. Required audience and performer to be masked, as well as no wind instruments.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


1. Spatial Configuration and Performance Safety

Spatial Configuration

EXTERIOR SPACE

L2 MEZZANINE

L2 MEZZANINE

EXTERIOR SPACE

STAGE

HISTORICAL BAR

SEATING AREA 680 SF

L2 MEZZANINE

The Theatre's flexible layout allows for multiple possible layouts depending on the audience size and performance type. We recommend two of the traditional Nuyorican Cafe layouts and a third option. The first two options allow for seamless continuation of the cultural program and use of existing technical equipment. The third option suggests using an existing elevated platform as a stage, allowing to alleviate the theatre space for the audience.

STAGE HISTORICAL BAR

SEATING AREA

WC

DIRECTORS BOOTH

HVAC

HVAC

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

DIRECTORS BOOTH

ALCOVE

STAGE

WC

ALCOVE

SEATING AREA

DIRECTORS BOOTH

HISTOR

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

BLOCKED OFF

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

Stage Option A: far end of theatre

Stage Option B: right wall of theatre

Stage Option C: corner permanent platform

First of the two traditional layouts, allows for easy performers access to and from backstage. Stage is temporary and provides enough space for a single masked performer.

Second of traditional layouts, calls for an amphitheatre like layout; before COVID-19 this layout provided a more intimate performances. Applying social distancing guidelines the layout allows for a single performer, spread out seating and view of performance from the bar.

Taking advantage of the existing conditions, this option suggests using a permanent elevated platform as the stage. This frees the theatre floor from platforms for more audience seating.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


1. Spatial Configuration and Performance Safety

EXTERIOR SPACE HISTORICAL BAR

STAGE

10'-0"

HVAC

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

DIRECTORS BOOTH STAGE

15'-0"

HVAC

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

WC

ALCOVE

WC

DIRECTORS BOOTH STAGE

HISTOR

SEATING AREA ENTRANCE/EXIT 441 SF

ALCOVE

CLEAR PARTITION

HISTORICAL BAR

SEATING AREA 566 SF

SEATING AREA 680 SF

3'-0"

L2 MEZZANINE

L2 MEZZANINE

EXTERIOR SPACE

L2 MEZZANINE

Option A: applied performance safety measures

DIRECTORS BOOTH BOH ENTRANCE/EXIT

BLOCKED OFF

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

1. Option A + clear partition

2. Option A + 10' distance

3. Option A + 15' distance

Allows for maximizing of the theatre space and direct access from backstage without intersecting the performer's and audience.

Minimum distance between masked performer and audience.

Recommended distance between masked performer and audience.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


1. Spatial Configuration and Performance Safety

CLEAR PARTITION

HISTORICAL BAR

10'-0"

DIRECTORS BOOTH

WC

ALCOVE

SEATING AREA 683 SF

HVAC

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

STAGE

HISTORICAL BAR

SEATING AREA 522 SF DIRECTORS BOOTH HVAC

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

STAGE

15'-0"

WC

ALCOVE

3'-0"

STAGE

EXTERIOR SPACE

L2 MEZZANINE

L2 MEZZANINE

EXTERIOR SPACE

SEATING AREA 318 SF

L2 MEZZANINE

Option B: applied performance safety measures

HISTOR

DIRECTORS BOOTH

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

BLOCKED OFF

1. Option B + clear partition

2. Option B + 10' distance

3. Option B + 15' distance - Not recommended

Allows for maximizing of the theatre space and direct access from backstage without intersecting the performer's and audience.

Minimum distance between masked performer and audience.

Recommended distance between masked performer and audience not efficient for this theatre layout.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


1. Spatial Configuration and Performance Safety

Option C: applied performance safety measures

STAGE HISTORICAL BAR 10'-0"

STAGE HISTORICAL BAR

L2 MEZZANINE

EXTERIOR SPACE

L2 MEZZANINE

EXTERIOR SPACE

L2 MEZZANINE

15'-0"

WC

ALCOVE

DIRECTORS BOOTH HVAC

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

DIRECTORS BOOTH BOH ENTRANCE/EXIT

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

HISTOR

SEATING AREA ENTRANCE/EXIT 467 SF

SEATING AREA ENTRANCE/EXIT 600 SF

SEATING AREA 706 SF

WC

ALCOVE

STAGE

CLEAR PARTITION

3'-0"

HVAC

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

DIRECTORS BOOTH BOH ENTRANCE/EXIT

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

BLOCKED OFF

1. Option C + clear partition

2. Option C + 10' distance

3. Option C + 15' distance

Allows for maximizing of the theatre space and direct access from backstage without intersecting the performer's and audience.

Minimum distance between masked performer and audience.

Recommended distance between masked performer and audience.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


2. Audience Seating Strategies

Individual audience members seating strategies

6'-0"

L2 MEZZANINE

STAGE HISTORICAL BAR

15'-0"

WC

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

DIRECTORS BOOTH

WC

ALCOVE

DIRECTORS BOOTH

SEATING AREA 522 SF

HISTOR

8'-8 12 "

STAGE

SEATING AREA 467 SF

DIRECTORS BOOTH

HVAC

HVAC

3'-0"

L2 MEZZANINE

10'-0"

8'-9"

STAGE

HISTORICAL BAR

ALCOVE

7'-0 34 "

CLEAR PARTITION

SEATING AREA 680 SF

EXTERIOR SPACE

6'-7 14 "

7'-0 34 "

EXTERIOR SPACE

L2 MEZZANINE

1 occupant

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

BLOCKED OFF

1. Singles

2. Arena seating singles

3. 15' Distancing between audience and performer

Providing 6' distance between audience members and clear barriers from the stage maximizes amount of audience members to 17.

Creating a similar set up to that of an amphitheatre can be conducive to a more intimate performance. Occupancy of 15 audience members.

Safest distance without a barrier from performer to audience allows for 15 audience members.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


2. Audience Seating Strategies

"Pod" audience members seating strategies

6'-0"

10'-0"

STAGE

STAGE HISTORICAL BAR 10'-0" 8'-2 12 "

HISTORICAL BAR

L2 MEZZANINE

EXTERIOR SPACE

L2 MEZZANINE

8'-2 12 "

EXTERIOR SPACE

HVAC

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

WC

8'-2 12 "

DIRECTORS BOOTH

ALCOVE

WC

SEATING AREA 522 SF 8'-8 12 "

STAGE

DIRECTORS BOOTH

ALCOVE

8'-2 12 "

CLEAR PARTITION

HISTOR

SEATING AREA 600 SF

SEATING AREA 680 SF

3'-0"

L2 MEZZANINE

1 occupant

DIRECTORS BOOTH

HVAC

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

BLOCKED OFF

1. Pairs

2. Arena seating pods

3. 15' Distancing between audience and performer

Pairing pods of audience members with a 6' distance between them allows for a maximum of 28 audience members. This would then require 1 performer and 1 staff member to achieve maximum occupancy.

Creating a similar set up to that of an amphitheatre can be conducive to a more intimate performance. With seats in pairs it maximizes the arrangement's capacity to 22 audience members.

Safest distance without a barrier from performer to audience allows for 24 audience members.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


3. Circulation Strategies

Occupancy and Regulations Occupancy:

Circulation Strategies:

COVID-19 regulations recommend a 25% occupancy or below in order to limit the spread of COVID-19.

It is strongly suggested the venue pre-sells tickets and enforces assigned seating and timed entrances and exits. This would allow for safe and organized circulation of audience members as well as staff.

Maximum occupancy of the space before COVID-19: 120 COVID-19 reopening occupancy: 30 (suggested 3 staff, 1 performer, 26 audience)

From these changes and the COVID-19 regulations, the Cafe has shifted from depending on ticket sales to other means of fundraising. The shift re-prioritizes the reopening of the cafe away from ticket sales to focusing on being able to reopen as a cultural hub.

HISTORICAL BAR

TICKETING

WC

DIRECTORS BOOTH

VAC

UP

T

AUDIENCE IN / OUT

ALCOVE

SINGLE DIRECTION CIRCULATION

PINCH POINT 1 PERSON AT A TIME

DN

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


3. Circulation Strategies

SEATED 1ST EXIT LAST

Audience circulation Option A

HISTORICAL BAR

STAGE

3'-4"

TICKETING

3'-4"

AUDIENCE IN / OUT

DIRECTORS BOOTH

WC WAITING

WC

ALCOVE

SEATED 1ST EXIT LAST

6'-8 14 "

1 PERSON AT A TIME

15'-0"

VAC

T

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


3. Circulation Strategies

HISTORICAL BAR

1 PERSON AT A TIME

CIRCULATION WAITING

VAC

T

3'-4"

TICKETING AUDIENCE IN / OUT

DIRECTORS BOOTH

WC WAITING

UP

WC

ALCOVE

3'-4"

STAGE

6'-8 14 "

10'-0"

SEATED LAST EXIT 1ST

SEATED 1ST EXIT LAST

Audience circulation Option B

DN

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


3. Circulation Strategies

HISTORICAL BAR

1 PERSON AT A TIME

T

3'-4"

AUDIENCE IN / OUT

DIRECTORS BOOTH

WC WAITING

UP

WC

ALCOVE

ROW SEATED LAST

VAC

TICKETING

3'-4"

10'-0"

6'-8 14 "

STAGE

ROW SEATED 1ST

Audience circulation Option C

DN

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


3. Circulation Strategies

Staff & Performers Circulation

L2 MEZZANINE

1 PERFORMER

Staff "Zones"

HISTORICAL BAR 1 BARTENDER / USHER

1 STAFF TICKETING

26 AUDIENCE

ENTRANCE/EXIT

WC

DIRECTORS BOOTH HVAC

UP

1 STAFF TECH

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

ALCOVE

EXTERIOR SPACE

DN

BOH ENTRANCE/EXIT

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

EXTERIOR SPACE STAGE

STAGE

HISTORICAL BAR ONE DIRECTION TICKETING

STAGE HVAC

DIRECTORS BOOTH

WC

UP

ALCOVE

Staff Circulation

DN

PERFORMERS & STAFF BLOCKED OFF EXIT Neighborhoods Now

BLOCKED OFF EXIT Henning Larsen


4. Additional Spaces

Bar seating and Mezzanine

Mezzanine:

Bar seating is not recommended under COVID-19 reopening circumstances, due to a narrow circulation path to enter the theatre. If low capacity is desired, circulation can be closely monitored to ensure single direction use.

Seating in the mezzanine is not accounted for in these studies.

CLEAR FOR CIRCULATION

HVAC

UP

ALCOVE

WC

DIRECTORS BOOTH

DN

TICKETING

1 PERSON CIRCULATION

WC

DIRECTORS BOOTH CIRCULATION WAITING

BLOCKED BLOCKED OFF EXIT OFF EXIT

UP

ALCOVE

TICKETING

1 BARTENDER / USHER

6'-8 14 "

3'-4"

NO SEATS AT BAR

3'-4"

6'-8 14 "

1 BARTENDER / USHER

HISTORICAL BAR

3'-4"

HISTORICAL BAR

3'-4"

L2 MEZZANINE

EXTERIOR SPACE

L2 MEZZANINE

Bar Seating:

DN

CIRCULATION WAITING

BLOCKED OFF EXIT

Clear

If desired bar seating:

As a means to avoid over crowding and provide safest circulation for staff and audience it is not recommended to have bar seats available.

If bar seating desired it is recommended to do two sets of audience pods in order to maximize capacity.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


Neighborhoods Now Initiative First Street Green

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


In the absence of state/city performance space re-opening guidelines, HLD along with collaborating design firms have collectively gathered information from other states to help inform our design suggestions. These suggestions are not based on any governmental directives and HLD cannot guarantee effectiveness.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


Vision A decade ago, in collaboration with the BMW Guggenheim Lab, First Street Green reintroduced New York City to an empty lot and park in the heart of the East Village. For the past decade, First Street Green has cultivated a public space that not only brings open green space to a dense urban corridor, but also provides a platform for communitydriven, accessible, and ever-evolving art for all. Over the course of our team's visits and design studies of the park, we believe that the infrastructure of what makes this space great already exists today.

Our design proposals, rather than reconceiving of the entire park, exist as a series of projects that focus efforts on showcasing and giving room to the existing character and community that activate the site today. Scaled to be executed by a range of means and teams, from small weekend volunteer groups to larger capital investment projects, these projects are intended to be adaptable to the vision and feedback from the artists, gardeners, volunteers, and neighbors that already work with First Street Green.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


First Street Green Today Observations & Opportunities

Nature and art are at the heart of the mission and character of First Street Green. Today, the park is already very successful in providing space for those two components. Our proposals build on the existing conditions, operations, and maintenance of the space today to create a long term, sustainable plan for operations.

NO INVITATIONS (I.E. SEATING) TO STAY AND ENJOY - FEELS LIKE YOU SHOULD JUST WALK THROUGH

NO SIGNAGE! CELEBRTE & ANNOUNCE UNIQUENESS OF THE PARK!

Smart Mural System

Standard plywood sizes and the simple method of mounting on existing chainlink fences via wire lashings are an efficient and operable system for mural rotation.

OVERGROWN GREEN = POOR MURAL VISIBILITY

A Bit of Everything, Everywhere

Robust planter space and maximization of mural surfaces combined with lack of maintenance has resulted in hidden murals, overgrown weeds, and a blurry sense of public space.

3 SIGNATURE MURAL WALL OPPORTUNITIES

Designed for Passing Through

Path width, lack of seating, overgrown plantings and weeds, and poor mural visibility all add up to a feeling that the park is meant for passing through or temporary viewing rather than a place to come and spend some time.

PLYWOOD DIRECTLY ON FENCE = FEELS FLIMSY HARD TO REPLACE

UNDER UTILIZED SPACE - PRIME MURAL VIEWING, PAINTING, AND GATHERING SPACE! LIGHTING?

1st Street Entrance

THIN PLYWOOD EDGE = FLIMSY FEEL & GROWTH FROM LOTS BEHIND PARK!

E

2nd Ave. Entrance

Construction

Area Affected by Construction

E Houston

Entrance UNDER UTILIZED SPACE PRIME MURAL VIEWING, PAINTING, AND GATHERING SPACE!

Neighborhoods Now

OVERGROWN GREEN = NO MURAL VISIBILITY, AND DIFFICULT TO

Henning Larsen


1. Rebuild Mural Walls Design Recommendations

The mural system on site today is already incredible smart - it's cost effective, minimizes labor, and lends itself to rotating exhibits. Our proposal seems to provide a sturdier frames and raised trims for murals to be mounted on, simultaneously defining more of an edge to the park, creating a more substantial wall for murals to be displayed on, and creating a catalog additional mural surfaces for FSG to deploy.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


1. Rebuild Mural Walls A. Standard Mural Wall MATERIALS NEEDED PER PANEL 4x: 8' Long 2"x4"s, 2 cut down to 3'-8" length 12x: Standard bricks, 2"x4"x8" 1x: 1/2" Thick 4'x8' Plywood Panel 18x: 5 - 6" Wood Screws

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


1. Rebuild Mural Walls B. Freestanding, Moveable Door Panels MATERIALS NEEDED PER PANEL 6x: 6' long 2" x 4"s (length is flexible) 6x: 1' - 8" long 2" x 4"s 4x: 4" hinges 36x: 4" wood screws 12x: 1" wood screws 2x: 2' x 6' plywood sheet

*May require some additional connections to the ground/ wall for support.

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


1. Rebuild Mural Walls C. Lenticular Mural Wall MATERIALS NEEDED PER PANEL 1' Symetrical 6x: 1' x 8' plywood sheet 12x: 2" wood screws 2' Asymetrical 4x: 1' x 8' plywood sheet 4x: 8' long 2" x 4"s 15x: 2" wood screw 4' Asymetrical 2x: 4' x 8' plywood sheet

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


1. Rebuild Mural Walls D. Large Format Signature Murals

The two building faces along the 1st Street Entrace present a unique opportunity for large scale murals. Requiring a cherry picking or scaffolding, these murals will require a greater comitment of time and money to complete. These walls have the potential to be split to allow for ground level portions to be allocated for rotating murals below the more long term one.

LONG-TERM MURAL

The Chronicles of New York, @jr

LONG-TERM MURAL

ROTATING MURALS

SIGNAGE MURAL & ROTATING MURALS

LES Bryan Memorial Mural, @madsteez Neighborhoods Now

1st St. Entrance - East Wall

1st St. Entrance - West Wall Henning Larsen


2. Landscape to Showcase Murals Design Recommendations

First Street Green has a ten year legacy of providing green park space to the East Village. Our proposal continues that legacy while proposing a reconfiguration of existing planter areas to open up space for mural painting and viewing, stationairy activity, and socially distanced cirucaltion. The condensing of planter area along the mural wall also help minimize the amount of regular maintenance work required and the potential for visibility obstructions. The work required for this plan is to be completed with maintenance landscape and digging up and replacement of existing stone borders. Widen paths Focus planter areas Create viewing "galleries" for murals

Current Landscape & Mural Plan

Planters blocking murals and only allowing one-way circulation Neighborhoods Now

Create "galleries" by reconfiguring mural side planters from a bar to islands, also opening up two-way circulation Henning Larsen


2. Landscape to Showcase Murals Proposed Landscape Plan

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


2. Landscape to Showcase Murals Proposed Landscape Perspectives

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


3. Invitations for People to Stay Design Recommendations

Currently, the park is a great urban detour for people to walk through and see murals on their way to another destination. To make First Street Green a destination cultural hub and park, we propose the park invite people to stay and enjoy the space with moveable tables, chairs, and furniture. This furniture can also double as additional objects for artists to paint in addition to murals.

OPPORTUNITY FOR ARTISTS TO PAINT CHAIRS! TAKE THE CLASSIC BRYANT PARK CHAIR AND HAVE SPECIAL FSG SERIES!

Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen


3. Invitations for People to Stay Seating, Tables, and Signage

MAX. ₋₋ PERSONS PLEASE

UPUP

In addition to the freestanding walls (Project 1.B. above), simple A-frame sidewalk signs can be constructed to be placed around the park to display COVID safety procedure signage, event information, park information, etc. These are meant to be foldable and easily moved. MATERIALS NEEDED FOR SIGN 4x: 3' long 2" x 4" 2x: 2' x 2' Plywood Squares 2x: 4" wide hinge 12x: 1" wood screw 4x: 1" eye screws 2x: 1'-2" string

STOP!

7

19

PLEASE DON’T ENTER IF SICK

Signs in multiple languages

11

WEAR A MASK

USAR UNA MÁSCARA

PORTER UN MASQUE

English

Spanish

French

Neighborhoods Now

霼䨥㥪 〡縟 Chinese

Pentagram COVID Safety Posters

‫ﻣﺎﺳﮏ‬ ‫ﭘﮩﻦ ﻟﻮ‬ Urdu

18

‫תלבש‬ ‫מסכה‬ Hebrew

20

Henning Larsen


4. Long Term Investments Power, Lighting, Projects Trash/Recycling, Bicycles 4. Future

Suggestions for areas of further investigation with Parks

Run Power!

Lighting - overhead in plaza, landscaping, and mural downlights

Nearest bike parking is halfway to 1st Ave - and there's only 1!

Trash/Recycling bins for people to have a coffee or eat lunch in the park - opportunity for artists to repaint!

Henning Larsen Neighborhoods Now

Henning Larsen

Profile for Van Alen Institute

Neighborhoods Now: Fourth Arts Block (Henning Larsen)  

This report was created for Neighborhoods Now, an initiative organized by the Urban Design Forum and Van Alen Institute. Neighborhoods Now c...

Neighborhoods Now: Fourth Arts Block (Henning Larsen)  

This report was created for Neighborhoods Now, an initiative organized by the Urban Design Forum and Van Alen Institute. Neighborhoods Now c...

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