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Wednesday, January 25, 2012 Issue 10
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Fair offers opportunities for students abroad Victoria Wright Student Life Editor
Sometimes, an enhanced college experience cannot be fulfilled with pen, paper and a UT classroom. The Spring 2012 Study Abroad Fair will be held in the UC Ballroom Jan. 25 from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Study abroad program coordinator Heather Grigsby said the location this year will help attract student interest. “The UC is central to campus,” Grigsby said. “Lots of students pass through the UC and it’s a centralized location to see what’s available.” Students will have the opportunity to meet with about 40 to 50 tables of faculty members who will host summer abroad programs and mini-terms to outside vendors who run programs in multiple countries, such as China and the Dominican Republic. About 10 to 15 representatives of private study abroad programs are expected to attend. “Deadlines for the summer programs come up pretty quickly,” Grigsby said. “Our purpose is to give students a place to explore all the things at once. It’s a good way to get a feel for all the opportunities. It’s one last chance to talk to all faculty and staff who run the summer programs because of the deadlines.” For the summer programs, applications are usually due as soon as a week after the fair. UT financial aid representatives will also be in attendance to assist students with any questions on financing their travels. Advisers from different colleges, such as the College of Engineering, will attend as well. Grigsby said engineering and other science- and mathbased majors are more reluctant to study abroad. “With engineering, their curriculums are very rigorous,” Grigsby said. “It may be difficult to have time to study abroad for a semes-
ter. We encourage students to do the semester because it’s longer and more immersive. We try to find courses to work with these very structured majors. This year we have facultyled programs for these structured majors and advisers to speak with the students.” Max Crabtree, a junior in pre-pharmacy and biochemistry and molecular and cellular biology, is interested in a study abroad program where he could focus on his science courses and pursue his passion. “Personally, having grown up playing soccer my entire life, I would love to go somewhere in South America in order to pursue my passion for soccer, but more importantly for the diverse cultural experience and knowledge which I would be able to acquire through a direct perspective and understanding for different lifestyles outside of the United States,” Crabtree said. A balance between social and intellectual growth when studying abroad is crucial for interested students, Grigsby said. “It (studying abroad) will help you later when working in the real world,” Grigsby said. “It’s a great personal experience. You learn about yourself. You learn about what you can do, how to problem solve, and how you work with different people. It’s a great way to learn how adaptable you can be.” Corey Hodges, a freshman in music performance, is currently applying for a miniterm session in Ghana. If accepted, he believes the majority of his studying will be conducted outside the classroom. “I will be studying way more than is Tara Sripunvoraskul • The Daily Beacon required,” Hodges said. “And what I mean by Kelly Carter, junior in kinesiology, speaks with a representative during the Study that is that I will be studying with my eyes. I will be paying special attention to the people, Abroad Fair on Jan. 26, 2011. The fair this semester takes place Jan. 25 from 10 a.m.the trends, the city and the overall environ- 3 p.m. ment. This is a trip that means more to me than a simple grade of an ‘A’ can express.”
Leadership group looks for applicants
Agencies sue derelict adoptive mother The Associated Press NASHVILLE, Tenn. — An American woman who sent her adopted Russian son back to Moscow alone on a plane with a note stating she didn’t want him anymore is facing a lawsuit for child support in Tennessee that could require her to publicly answer questions about her actions. Torry Hansen has refused to cooperate with investigators after the then 7-year-old boy — identified in court documents as Artem Saveliev — arrived in Russia in April 2010 with a note saying he had psychological problems. No criminal charges were ever filed, but her adoption agency filed a lawsuit seeking child support in Tennessee, where she was living at the time. The case, which drew international attention at the time. Russian officials also threat-
ened to suspend adoptions to the United States though negotiators have been conducting talks since on reaching a new adoption accord. The woman had no immediate comment on the suit. Her mother, Nancy Hansen, told The Associated Press that her daughter has previously refused to answer questions sought by attorneys, but she did not know whether Torry Hansen would have to appear in court for questioning. Nancy Hansen said she questioned why two agencies were suing her daughter, World Association for Children And Parents and the National Council for Adoption, noting the child is now living in a home run by a charity in a village about 10 miles southeast of Moscow. See RUSSIAN BOY on Page 3
Tara Sripvoraskul • The Daily Beacon
Tyler Wheeler, junior in graphic design, signs the Harry Potter sock puppet of Ben Miller, junior in graphic design, before an arm wresting match Jan. 20. Both students designed their own sock puppets.
electronic media, said. “I was the only person I knew, so having a friend already Staff Writer would have been great. The goal for all of us Welcome Leaders is to provide a calm, The Student Activities Office is cur- welcoming atmosphere to the freshmen. rently seeking 2012 Welcome Leaders. We all know that this is a major part of Welcome Leaders is a leadership and life, and the easier that we can make it for mentoring opportunity open to all stu- them, the better off they’ll be and the less dents interested in assisting first-year they have to worry about.” students with their transition to UT. Being a Welcome Leader provides stu“A Welcome Leader is very important dents with the opportunity to leave a to first-year students because they help legacy at UT through leadership and them get further mentoring. Students adjusted to college will also gain practilife and familiarized cal knowledge of UT with the campus and its programs and during Welcome services. Week,” Monique Interested stuSimpson, senior in dents need no leaderpsychology and forship experience. mer Welcome “It’s about the stuLeader, said. “They dents,” Veronesi served as a firstsaid. “Have a great hand mentor, guide outlook on campus and personal life and simply serve resource to help the students. A sense them with anything of selflessness helps they might need.” a lot too.” Simpson served The Welcome as a 2011 Welcome Leaders program Leader. For her, the • Photo courtesy of Tennessee Today offers students a most beneficial part Zac Brown, senior in psychology, and chance to make a poswas the fun she had Brandi Panter, senior in history, go sible impact on UT meeting new people through packets for the other stu- within a small time and seeing the posi- dents in the Welcome Leader pro- commitment. tive impact that she gram in this undated photo. To become a and other Welcome Welcome Leader, stuLeaders made on the first-year students. dents must have a 2.0 cumulative GPA, As a Welcome Leader, students will be a full-time, returning student for the serve as mentors and introduce approxi- fall 2012 semester and be in good judicial mately 20-25 students to the college envi- standing with the Office of Judicial ronment. Welcome Leaders will guide Affairs. Applications can be found online students through Welcome Week, Aug. at http://activities.utk.edu/welcome-lead16-22, with a focus on providing a quality ers/become-a-welcome-leader/. All applitransitional experience for each student. cations are due by Jan. 25. In addition to supporting the importance After applying, students must particiof Welcome Week events, Welcome pate in a Welcome Leader group interLeaders will collaborate with the Life of view process from Jan. 30-Feb. 3. When the Mind’s discussion leader to facilitate chosen, each new Welcome Leader will dialogue on the book. participate in one to two weekly training “When I was a freshman, it would have sessions led by Welcome Leader Student been cool to have an upperclassman help Coordinators. This will begin the week of me through my first week,” Robby March 12. Meeting days and times are Veronesi, sophomore in journalism and flexible, and will last until April 23.
2 • The Daily Beacon
Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Tara Sripunvoraskul • The Daily Beacon
Alex Robertson, junior in printmaking, scans the side of his face for the School of Art Charette that took place Jan. 20. This year’s theme was “Two.”
1863 — Union General Burnside relieved of duty On this day in 1863, Union General Ambrose Burnside is removed as commander of the Army of the Potomac after serving in the role for two months. Burnside assumed command of the army after President Abraham Lincoln removed General George B. McClellan from command in November 1862. Lincoln had a difficult relationship with McClellan, who built the army admirably but was a sluggish and overly cautious field commander. Lincoln wanted an attack on the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, which was commanded by Robert E. Lee. Burnside drafted a plan to move south towards Richmond, Virginia. The plan was sound, but delays in its execution alerted Lee to the danger. Lee headed Burnside off at Fredericksburg, Virginia, on December 13. Burnside attacked repeatedly against entrenched Confederates along Marye’s Heights above Fredericksburg with tragic results for the Union. More than 13,000 Yankees fell; Lee lost just 5,000 troops. Northern morale sunk in the winter of 1862-1863. Lincoln allowed Burnside one more chance. In January 1863, Burnside attempted another campaign against Lee. Four days of rain turned the Union offensive into the ignominious “Mud March,” during which the Yankees floundered on mud roads while Lee’s men jeered at them from across the Rappahannock River. Lincoln had seen enough — General Joseph Hooker took over command of the army from Burnside. 1905 — World’s largest diamond found On January 25, 1905, at the Premier Mine in Pretoria, South Africa, a 3,106-carat diamond is discovered during a routine inspection by the mine’s superintendent. Weighing 1.33 pounds,
and christened the “Cullinan,” it was the largest diamond ever found. Frederick Wells was 18 feet below the earth’s surface when he spotted a flash of starlight embedded in the wall just above him. His discovery was presented that same afternoon to Sir Thomas Cullinan, who owned the mine. Cullinan then sold the diamond to the Transvaal provincial government, which presented the stone to Britain’s King Edward VII as a birthday gift. Worried that the diamond might be stolen in transit from Africa to London, Edward arranged to send a phony diamond aboard a steamer ship loaded with detectives as a diversionary tactic. While the decoy slowly made its way from Africa on the ship, the Cullinan was sent to England in a plain box. Edward entrusted the cutting of the Cullinan to Joseph Asscher, head of the Asscher Diamond Company of Amsterdam. Asscher, who had cut the famous Excelsior Diamond, a 971carat diamond found in 1893, studied the stone for six months before attempting the cut. On his first attempt, the steel blade broke, with no effect on the diamond. On the second attempt, the diamond shattered exactly as planned; Asscher then fainted from nervous exhaustion. The Cullinan was later cut into nine large stones and about 100 smaller ones, valued at millions of dollars all told. The largest stone is called the “Star of Africa I,” or “Cullinan I,” and at 530 carats, it is the largest-cut fine-quality colorless diamond in the world. The second largest stone, the “Star of Africa II” or “Cullinan II,” is 317 carats. Both of these stones, as well as the “Cullinan III,” are on display in the Tower of London with Britain’s other crown jewels; the Cullinan I is mounted in the British Sovereign’s Royal Scepter, while the Cullinan II sits in the Imperial State Crown. 1981 — Mao’s widow sentenced to death Jiang Qing, the widow of Chinese leader Mao Zedong, is sentenced to death for her “counter-revolutionary crimes” during the Cultural Revolution. Originally an actress in Communist theater and film, her marriage to Mao in 1939 was widely criticized, as his second wife, Ho Zizhen, was a celebrated veteran of the Long March who Mao had divorced while she lay languishing in a Moscow hospital. His first wife, Yang Kaihui, was killed by the Nationalists during the Chinese Civil War. Jiang Qing was ordered to stay out of politics, and she did so until the 1960s, when she openly criticized traditional Chinese opera and the bourgeois influences in Chinese arts and literature. In 1966, Mao made her first deputy head of the Cultural Revolution and gave her far-reaching powers over China’s intellectual and cultural life. The Cultural Revolution was Mao’s attempt to revolutionize Chinese society, and Jiang proved adept at manipulating the media and the young radicals known as the Red Guards. The movement was characterized by terror and purges in which tens of thousands were killed and millions suffered. In the late 1960s, the Cultural Revolution waned, and Jiang faded from the public eye. However, after her husband’s death in 1976, she and three other radicals who had come to power in the revolution were singled out as the “Gang of Four.” Jiang was arrested and in 1977 expelled from the Communist Party. Three years later, the Gang of Four were put on trial. Jiang was held responsible for provoking the turmoil and bloodshed of the revolution, but she denied the charges and denounced China’s leaders. She was found guilty and sentenced to die. On January 25, 1983, exactly two years after she was condemned, the Chinese government commuted her sentence to life imprisonment. In 1991, she died in prison of an apparent suicide. — This Day in History is courtesy of History.com.
Wednesday, January 25, 2012
The Daily Beacon • 3
Rockefeller impostor’s murder Cinema club holds first meeting Chris Flowers hearing to conclude Tuesday
part of the club is discussion, I wanted to pick one that I would feel comfortable with for the first meeting. I’ve seen ‘Vertigo’ many times Cinephiles convened in Hodges Library and it is a movie that definitely requires dislast Tuesday for the inaugural meeting of the cussion afterward. In the discussion I mainly UT Cinema Club. Forty-four film geeks took asked questions to the group about what they in Alfred Hitchcock’s 1958 classic “Vertigo.” liked and disliked about different aspects of For now the club will hold bi-weekly film the film. It lasted about 25 minutes and the screenings Tuesdays in the library at 7 p.m., conversation flowed well from point to point.” The discussion period after each film is a but if attendance and enthusiasm stay strong, major point of emphasis for the club. Venkov meetings may become weekly. Cinema Club was formed by Dimi Venkov, led the discussion for “Vertigo,” but Hickey senior in theater, Ashton Hickey, sophomore and McFall will take the lead for next week’s in psychology, and Caitlin McFall, sophomore film, “The Apartment.” McFall attributes her cinematic tastes to in history. The catalyst for the club’s creation growing up with a deep affection for Indiana came when Venkov was asked to explain the problems and concerns of Cinema Studies Jones and the Turner Classic Movies netminors (major is not offered at UT) during a work, while Hickey’s taste for film is a more Dean Student Advisory Council meeting, recent development. “I became really interested in film in my where he serves as the student representative junior year in high school,” Hickey said. “It for Cinema Studies. “I had some friends who are also Cinema was not so much one film that inspired me but several by the direcStudies minors, but I realtor Wes Anderson. I ized I didn’t know enough watched ‘Rushmore’ and to get an accurate picture ‘The Royal Tenenbaums’ of their concerns,” and was immediately fasVenkov said. “I spoke with cinated. His were the Dr. Maland about starting first films where I a cinema club to give noticed a distinct style Cinema Studies students and I loved it. That’s a place to congregate. He when films became more agreed to sponsor the than just the actors.” club and provided me Moving forward, the with a list of students pur• Photo courtesy of drafthouse.com founders plan to get club suing a Cinema Studies minor which I used to The new UT Cinema Club will be members more involved. “We want to give othsend out invitations to the viewing Billy Wilder’s 1960 comedy-drama “The Apartment” at ers the opportunity to first meeting.” lead the discussion in Fellow film enthusiasts their next meeting Jan. 31. future meetings if we’re Hickey and McFall joined Venkov’s effort to establish a successful viewing a film they’re passionate about,” Venkov said. “We want to provide an environCinema Club. “Dimi, Ashton and I are all passionate ment where the group all shares the same pasabout great directors like Hitchcock, Capra, sion for film, to foster discussion.” Future film selections will be determined Wilder, Truffaut and Scorsese,” McFall said. “Cinema Club is a place to discuss and appre- by popular vote. Each meeting will have a ciate great films, and share our passion with theme, such as “Oscar Night” or “French New others. Studying cinema is such a joy, and I Wave,” and films that fit into the theme will hope to convey that through the growth of be nominated and voted on the week prior. UT Cinema Club. This club isn’t just for The only restriction is that films chosen Cinema Studies minors, but for anyone that should be less than two and a half hours long because the library wants the room clear by has a love for film.” “Vertigo” was chosen to be the club’s first 10 p.m. and a chunk of time must be reserved film to ensure that their first meeting went as for discussion and voting on the following week’s film. smoothly as possible. The next meeting is Jan. 31 and will fea“With the first movie we wanted to make sure we got a good turnout, so we didn’t want ture Billy Wilder’s 1960 comedy-drama “The to go too obscure,” Venkov said. “Dr. Maland Apartment”. Anyone interested is welcome to suggested we pick a Hitchcock movie. Since come. Staff Writer
The Associated Press ALHAMBRA, Calif. — A prosecutor making his case with bones, blood and the testimony of those who came back from the past of a mysterious murder defendant is preparing to rest his case against the man who once masqueraded as a Rockefeller. Deputy District Attorney Habib Balian said he plans to wrap up evidence Tuesday in the preliminary hearing for Christian Gerhartsreiter, who is charged with murdering a San Marino man from whom he had rented a cottage in 1985. Seven more witnesses were waiting to testify before Superior Court Judge Jared Moses is asked to decide whether there is enough evidence to hold Gerhartsreiter for trial. The defense customarily does not put on evidence at a preliminary hearing. The slight, bespectacled defendant, clad in a blue prison jumpsuit, smiled slightly at witnesses Robert and Bettie Brown, an elderly couple who once welcomed him into their home for religious study classes and became his close friends. Other residents of their upscale community also testified about the stranger who came to their church and ingratiated himself, telling tall tales about his past. Gerhartsreiter is charged with killing John Sohus, whose bones were found in 1994 in the backyard of his former home in San Marino, a wealthy suburb of Los Angeles, nearly 10 years after Sohus and his wife vanished. The man then known as Chris Chichester left town soon after they went missing. He is charged only with killing 27-year-old John Sohus. No sign of Linda Sohus has been found. Robert Brown, 85, testified Monday about a day in 1985 when his friend Chichester showed up at their door with belongings he wanted to sell because he was going on a trip. Brown said he called his wife to look at a small Oriental rug. “She looked at it, and said, ‘Chris, this has blood on it.’ He fairly quickly rolled it back up and left with it,” Brown said. Brown said Chichester, who was then pretending to be an instructor at the University of Southern California’s film school, showed up on another occasion asking how to dispose of photo processing chemicals. Chichester told the Browns that he was descended from English peerage and was related to a famed British sailor of the same last name. He had also given them tea, saying it came from his family’s Indonesian tea
RUSSIAN BOY continued from Page 1
Larry Crain, an attorney for WACAP, said a judge will decide in February whether to compel both women to give a deposition to attorneys. Lawyers are preparing for a trial scheduled for March 27 in a circuit court in Shelbyville, where the woman had lived at the time. “They have been evading notices to appear in court three or four times,” Crain said. The child has been living for the past two and a half months in a home in the Moscow suburb of Tomilino, according to Anatoly Vasilyev, director of the SOS village. “He has recently said: ‘I finally have a family.’ It’s a good sign,” Vasilyev said. The SOS village — although technically an orphanage — provides home and family environment to children who have lost hope
plantation. About a week after the rug incident, Brown said Chichester disappeared and so did the Sohus couple. “He was something of a phantom. He was different, unusual. He was believable up to a point. You couldn’t pin him down on details. Everything was loose and feathery,” Brown said. Another witness filled in the blanks of Gerhartsreiter's travels after he left San Marino, ultimately being arrested in Boston in 2008. His aliases began to multiply. Christopher Bishop, an Episcopal priest from Greenwich, Conn., testified that he met the man he knew as Christopher Crowe in 1985 when he appeared at the church where Bishop’s father was the priest. The younger Bishop said he was a film student at Columbia University at the time and his father told him there was a new parishioner who was also involved in film. Crowe told Bishop that he was the brother of well-known film director Cameron Crowe and had been to film school in California. He said he was in Connecticut to produce the new “Alfred Hitchcock Presents” series, Bishop said. “Did you believe it?” asked Balian. “Yes,” the witness said. “I gave him a screenplay I had written and he had critiqued it. He certainly was conversant in film.” In 1988, Crowe gave Bishop a truck, saying he had used it in a movie and didn’t need it anymore. Bishop said he later found out there was a lien on the truck and he dumped it at a train station. The truck belonged to the Sohus couple. When detectives showed up looking for Crowe in a missing persons case, Bishop said he confronted Crowe on the phone asking who he really was. “What was the defendant’s response?” Balian asked, to which Bishop replied: “Gotta go, bye.” He said he never heard from him again. On the East Coast, Gerhartsreiter claimed to be Clark Rockefeller, a member of the famous family, and married a woman with whom he had a daughter. She divorced him when she found out he had duped her. Last year, Gerhartsreiter was convicted of kidnapping his daughter in Boston during a custody dispute. He is serving a four- to fiveyear prison sentence for that crime. He would be eligible for parole this year if he was not facing the California charge, which could bring him 26 years to life in prison if he’s convicted.
of being adopted. Children at Tomilino range from 7 to 16 and are typically watched over by a woman who also serves as a teacher. Vasilyev said Artem “tries to forget about his life in the States,” and that’s the reason why the orphanage is not allowing the media to see him for the time being. He added that the child gets along well with other children and has almost forgotten English and doesn’t seem to want to speak it. Nancy Hansen said she doesn’t believe the youngster was traumatized by being sent home alone. “All I can say he was very happy when he was on the plane,” she said. “Witnesses have said that he was running all around and he was happy. There were stewardesses watching over him.” She said that she and her daughter both hope the boy is happy where he is now. “It is our hope that he will be loved there, truly loved there, and he will find happiness,” she said of Artem.
Her daughter claimed in the letter that Artem, who they had named Justin, was violent while he was living in Tennessee and had severe psychological issues. Nancy Hansen said the boy drew a picture of a burning building with people inside. Staffers at the SOS village outside Moscow said Artem has no real issues to speak of. “He does have psychological problems,” Vasilyev said. “But they are not as serious as she described. It’s mostly due to the psychological traumas he’s had, and it’s not something that cannot be dealt with.” Nancy Hansen said her daughter has an order from a Russian court saying that her adoption was annulled last year after he was returned and that a court in Tennessee doesn't have jurisdiction to order her daughter to pay child support. But the attorney for the adoption agency said the judge will rule based on Tennessee state law.
4 • The Daily Beacon
Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Editor’sNote Utilitarianism skews economic thought Blair Kuykendall Editor-in-Chief
largest bidder, undermines the validity of a system based in equality. Though promoted as democratic, I would venture to say that few if any legislative acts promote everyone’s economic utility equally. Even if it was possible to care equally for each person’s attained happiness, wouldn’t the more prudent goal be the elimination of suffering? Utilitarianism has been consistently critiqued for describing ‘ethical good’ as a the fulfillment of humanity’s arbitrary desires. What makes the happiness of many a desirable outcome? I would venture to argue against happiness, as a precursor to contentment and thus stagnation. Further, who is to claim they can absolutely define what makes the majority happy? Valuation is a dynamic and arbitrary phenomenon, entirely unique to an individual. Differentiating all forms of true happiness, then ascribing them varying values, seems a pipe dream. If we cannot even agree then that it is indeed right to maximize the happiness of the majority, what remains? The field of economics was not designed to make value assessments, but rather to analyze the use and allocation of a finite set of resources. There are unquestionably reasons to apply knowledge gleaned in the pursuit of economics to policy, but we must not fool ourselves into thinking this application is devoid of any assumptions and ethical predispositions simply because it is utilitarian. Maximizing social utility is not a pursuit devoid of subjective morality, but rather grounded in it. Politicians and bureaucrats can certainly use the observations of economics to back decisions, but these decisions will intrinsically project some ethical constructs onto society at large. It is therefore a responsibility of the economist to keep objective reflections objective. An economic thinker should present observable fact related to cause and effect relationships in transactions, avoiding commentary on which of these interactions will most please society. One particular process or policy might generate the greatest quantity of money or profit, but that doesn’t mean social utility is maximized. The whole realm of environmental economics contradicts the logic behind maximizing production of every good or energy. Economists can certainly attempt to quantify society’s needs, but isolating a net ‘joy’ derived from one variant or number of goods is entirely different. Pinpointing social utility is a dangerous business, making a strong case for nonintervention. After all, who could possibly claim the qualifications necessary to access and achieve society’s fulfillment? I’m sure glad we’ve got Congress.
We all have certain dependencies in life. Mainly, we are slaves to our frameworks, the premises we use in approach. Unique thought methodologies become so ingrained within our consciousness that we cease to notice them at all. Lately, I’ve been thinking a great deal about utilitarianism. For the purposes of today’s discussion, we’re going to condense one the world’s most debated moral schemas into a palatable form. This definition by no means encompasses the intricacies and variants of utilitarianism, but it should provide traction. General utilitarianism uses the “greatest happiness principle” to evaluate decisions, intending to maximize the greatest total happiness for the greatest number of individuals. The science of economics was born in the shadow of this utilitarianism. Principles derived from economic theory and applied to society rest almost entirely upon its philosophy. Economists constantly endeavor to measure social benefits against social costs, ideally to make meaningful policy recommendations that maximize net benefit. One of the theory’s main proponents, Jeremy Bentham, publicly critiqued Adam Smith’s laissez-faire principles through this lens. He advocated government intervention to maximize welfare only in rare, justifiable situations, still erring on the side of liberty. For better or worse, the philosophy of utilitarianism was adopted into the majority of economic thought. Shockingly, the application of these principles is taken for granted: Who could dream of questioning the validity of maximizing total social utility? I would. Not that I abhor the idea of maximizing benefit to mankind, but that goal does involve a considerable degree of presumption. Murray N. Rothbard has pointed out the fallacy of automatically valuing the happiness of the majority over the minority. This will most certainly lead to some variant of tyranny: The will of the majority so often has spelled disaster for an unprotected minority. Who could condone a societal schema that systematically overlooks the needs of a few to provide contentment, even to many? Utilitarianism generally assumes that each person’s happiness should be weighted equally. This is undoubtedly America’s ideological foundation, but few — Blair Kuykendall is a junior in the College Scholars would say it rings true in practice. The very nature of Program. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Congress, where leaders can and are swayed by the SCRAMBLED EGGS • Alex Cline
THE GREAT MASH-UP• Liz Newnam
Columns of The Daily Beacon are reflections of the individual columnist, and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Beacon or its editorial staff.
SOPA/PIPA unable to cure piracy issue Ac orns and Other Seeds by
solving the one problem they were purportedly trying to solve — Internet piracy. Fortunately for the masses, though, popular sites like Google, Reddit, Wikipedia and Mozilla decided to help raise a ruckus and protest the mismanagement of regulation through online “black-outs.” Thanks to some great PR work, millions of Americans were made aware of the fact that their Congressional representatives were verging on making a huge blunder by trying to pass the bills as they had been written. Sure, there was that whole “broken Internet” scare tactic, but the point was still made. The threat of legitimate sites being shut down for a smattering of illegal user-generated content was enough to get somewhere between 5 and 7 million people’s digital signatures on a petition. Which would seem to say something about the power of this grand information network we call the Internet. In a time when more and more people feel like the online world is their home, there’s something somewhat touching about the way thousands of men and women jumped to defend what some are calling “the last frontier.” A web-based community of total strangers banded together this past week in an incredible showing of communicational might. Never mind the fact that many of the people up in arms don’t even fully understand what is currently legal and what isn’t, it’s the principal of having an entire nation’s intelligence insulted that drove bloggers and CEOs and coffee shop patrons over the edge; it doesn’t take a techno-whiz to see that the proposed bills were a poor fit for the reality of our digital situation. And it was the very Internet itself, being the open platform that it is, which facilitated the spread of both commentaries on and the actual bills in question. This alone is testament to the very situation that so many people are worried about, which is the ease with which information is spread. Whether it be text documents, music, videos or multimedia, the “digital age” means that just about everything is available digitally. And, perhaps inevitably, there are people who abuse the privilege of such a free and open system. But that’s no reason to unnecessarily punish everyone, is it? And so, in this spirit, I say we give our lawmakers the benefit of the doubt on this one — let’s assume that they were merely misinformed.
If you’re a 20-something Daily Beacon reader (like I know some of you are), you probably can easily recall your first encounter with a computer. My own first memory is of playing on our giant desktop for the first time, using the directional pad to try to navigate my pixilated frog body through a busy intersection. Try as I might though, I could never quite make it past the mysterious diving turtles — and for years I’ve wondered what lay beyond the banks of the river Frogger. Fortunately, there’s this great website I know of where I can look up a clip of someone playing that classic 1980s video game so that I can see what happens after you successfully cross the river alive. It’s called YouTube. Perhaps you’ve heard of it. Perhaps you’ve also heard of the Stop Online Piracy Act and the Protect Intellectual Privacy Act, which were, until recently, causing plenty of trouble for the House and the Senate, respectively. These bills, commonly referred to by the acronyms SOPA and PIPA, were met with heavy protest in both the physical and online worlds for various and generally well-articulated reasons — if you happened to catch a glimpse of Google’s “censored” logo last week, you may have even joined the protest yourself. But as of Monday, the PIPA vote has been stalled and the SOPA bill has been effectively killed, which means millions of Internet users are (at least temporarily) cheering. And maybe you missed all that, or you just didn’t think that the controversy concerned you personally. But no matter whether you supported the proposed legislation or not (or whether you think that pirates are dirty, rotten scallywags), there’s no getting around the fact that these kinds of government regulation affect everyone who uses the Internet; in other words, it affects pretty much everyone. Because what those sleek acronyms didn’t mention was this: The legislation would have been awfully close to useless in practice. Which means that — Anna-Lise Burnette is a senior in interdisciplinary the bills as they stood would have had the potential to studies. She can be reached at email@example.com. cause a whole host of problems without ever actually
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the misguided presumption that there isn’t a problem to fix. But let no one tell you differently — online pirating, trafficking and infringement exist and are very, very bad. So … what’s the problem? Before SOPA and PIPA pissed everyone off, Mike Masnick, founder of Techdirt.com, made the observation that piracy and infringement aren’t caused by lack of regulation but rather by poor business. Masnick sees pirates as dissatisfied customers who simply find a cheaper way to secure a good or service (or did you have another reason for downloading Kid A and The Marshall Mathers LP off Kazaa?). The trick to curbing piracy is finding legal ways to do this that are progressive and consistently preferred by the consumer. It’s no coincidence that Spotify and Napster offer virtually the same service. Their business models are nearly indistinguishable to the common eye, but after 12 years of P2P-sharing trial-and-error, and a very pissed off, litigious Lars Ulrich, the music-sharing consumer experience eventually evolved into something legal. And Internet consumers flocked. Look, there are probably several dozen other reasons SOPA and PIPA would fail. For one, collaborative sites like Amazon, eBay and Wikipedia aren’t doing anything criminal; they’re simply providing a forum hospitable to illegal activity. For the most part, it’s the individuals doing the infringing. Also, the provisions of SOPA and PIPA are so broad and ambiguous, that questions of First Amendment and security issues would be equally broad and ambiguous, as well as nearly infinite, which would only lead to a tsunami of litigation. Oh, and censorship is a slippery slope, and if SOPA passes, we might as well burn the Constitution. Or something. But the primary reason is expansion of copyright law and infringement statutes doesn’t isolate the real problem. It would seem then that Lamar Smith, Patrick Leahy and their honorable co-sponsors are under the illconceived, incorrect assumption that pirates pirate because no one’s telling them not to, but the truth is, pirates just want a better product. If Congress really wants to discourage Internet piracy, it ought to draft a bill requiring websites to adapt to technology and consumer demand. Forced capitalism works, right? Oh, and in case I forgot, the Internet is freaking huge. Now that we have a quorum, the gentleman from North Dakota would like to discuss H.R. 8029, the Regulate All of Outer Space Act.
For 24 hours last week, the world’s largest online reference website compromised itself. On purpose. On Jan. 18, the hugely popular Wikipedia blacked out its website. The site hung pendulous for the entire day, voluntarily choked by a really kind of weird confluence of socio-political circumstances. The stunt was in protest of H.R. 3261, or the Stop Online Piracy Act, and the corresponding Senate bill 968, or the Protect Intellectual Property Act. SOPA and PIPA, as most now know them colloquially, were written and introduced in May and October toward the purpose of preventing illegal reproduction of digital copyrighted information and protecting intellectual property online. If passed and enacted, the bills would greatly expand the ability of law enforcement to regulate individual web domains and would also expand the definition of certain criminal acts to include unauthorized access of copyrighted digital content. Not surprisingly, their introduction was met with considerable backlash. Opponents generally consider the legislation to be in gross violation of the First Amendment as well as a threat to the integrity of the Internet and the courts themselves. Whatever the right and wrong of the issue, the matter is unquestionably complex. Since the Jan. 18 blackout, there has been an incremental rise in sheer confusion over the controversy that has really only led to a lot of people blindly joining the opposition. And while I’m not particularly qualified to make wildly sort-of-patriotic claims about the legislation, I did think it best to clear up a few things. Of course, no one ever really reads full congressional bills longer than five pages, but many people don’t even know if the protests are in favor or protest of the legislation. This column, then, is really little more than a summary for those confused by the stunt, peppered with my less-than-original, somewhatprescriptive commentary. Also, for all practical purposes, I’ll be discussing SOPA singularly, due in part to its greater visibility in the public eye. The bill’s objective is pretty straight-forward — it wants to prevent online copyright infringement and protect individual intellectual property, which is, if — Sam Ellis is a senior in political science. He can be nothing else, extremely noble. Many opponents have reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Wednesday, January 25, 2012
The Daily Beacon • 5
Fiction: Powderburns offering chicken bones to a dog. I'll have some of Doc's breakfast here, thanks. Dry firelight on the playa murmured the names of Miles sucked at the spout of Doc's flask for a while death like snapping charcoal between the saguaros - and Kitty struck out past the horses and at once wheeling Orion and Pleiades and a clutch of mete- wished for a blanket. The world was empty and she found a promontoors in loose formation streaking along high above ry with the scraps of a vulture's nest, and she kicked the pan - and there circumscribed about the flames at the wicker thing and watched it fall eggshells and a company of four wrapped in wool to chase the all into the basin below. There were no lights here cold, both paradox and predator. Horses pawed the below the horizon save the campfire where they'd ground just out of reach of the fire's warmth, nosbivouacked, and so the stars seemed to be tiny trils flared like dollar coins puffing steam, barrel chested beasts ragged from riding, one with a scar lanterns rising from beneath a dread curtain. There across its neck and no mane would ever grow there were cries in the night likened to screaming chilagain, one with a split frog and missing teeth and dren and she bated her breath with caged thoughts one with chewed ear down to the stump. They had dredged from flights of deep tales from the ghostlands of dream, or attic notions of brimstone worlds been stolen. Kitty Parsons was sliced by a sudden gust that bil- like marbles in the mouth of hell, but the cries were lowed dirt onto the fire and put it half out until her merely coyotes at hunt or at play and she settled brother Miles shoved his boot against a log and and let her feet dangle into nothing, and when she rekindled the dead wood. A shower of sparks across was satisfied with the turning of the earth she and a shift in wind direction. Doc Strickland sleep- returned and tried to sleep by the cold, charred ing drinks and Charlie Cochran whittling a whistle logs, lulled by the hacksaw alcohol snores of three from a reed for blowing tunes, knife sharp and clear grown men, but she could not. Kitty rose and spat and sat the horse missing an and terrible in the flames. A Quechan shaman had once told Kitty that fire ear and rode out ahead into the dark while the othcould bring spirits to play in the guise of steel and ers were still asleep, taking in the country, cholla powder, and the piece at her hip flashed orange and jackrabbit and sweet, chilled mist hanging nickel by the glow of the embers, and the cold did above the dust until the cold froze it to the ground. not bother her. She had a mind to walk out there The trail was a barren spot among weeds that away from the light so she stood and told her broth- turned through the troughs between desert hillocks er she promised to squeal if she saw a Yuma and and ducked beneath cactus arms reaching out spikes for unwary riders, and there were ground mice forMiles said not to bother. aging and hiding inside the withered skulls of largScrew you, Miles. er beasts, shreds of hide clinging to bleached bone. Ain't you like to freeze? he said. A carrion bird whined against the sky and the path Like as not. became difficult, and there over the crest was a hut Them Yumas eat human flesh, I hear. You hungry? She held out her arm to him like comprised of broken husks of old wagons and rusted metal sheets tied with hide Logan Murphy is a senior majoring in creative together writing with a concentration in fiction. thongs, and a chimneypMurphy draws inspiration, especially in his ipe fashioned from half stories of the revisionist western genre, from of a stove from a previthe works of Cormac McCarthy, namely the ous century, and on the novel Blood Meridian, or An Evening Redness porch there was a chair in the West. Murphy channels McCarthy in missing two legs. In the what he hopes is a truthful revisiting of a time window a single candle when mankind was swept up in the throes of burning low and sputteradventurous spirit and bloody lawlessness in ing in its own grease. She tied her horse to the parts of the country untouched by civility nor generosity, but were ruled by the basest and a post in the yard and
mounted the porch steps that were little more than wagon tongues lashed in succession, for she had never seen this place before and wondered at the sort of person who would choose to settle in this barren country. The door was a blackened hide framed in deadwood and propped against the jamb from the inside so that beads of light escaped in the holes punched in the leather, orange candlelight filtered through a decade of dust, and Kitty's hand dropped to her six-gun and drew it out of its holster, and she tapped the doorframe with the muzzle. A thin voice said come in. Kitty shifted the door and held her piece trained ahead and she stepped inside, saw the play of shadows along wall seams or rafters and drenched in darkness there was a lopsided table with two candles burning on it, and seated there was a woman ancient like an old world creature with perfect posture, hair trestled up in prim shapes and sitting with beak nose and bare brow, staring. I smell powder, child. Put that gun away, the hag said. Kitty saw the cataract-clouds and realized that the woman was stone blind. Looking for the Randal brothers. Never heard no such name, hand to God. Kitty sat the table's edge and crossed her legs slantways and pressed cold steel against the hag's temple and leaned in close enough to breathe in her ear, and her voice was husky like a man about to scalp another, gun hand caressing the polished wood of the handle, her other pushing back her bush hat. The old woman sat there dumb and crossed her hands in her lap. Lie to me again, I'll brain you. The Randals is dead. Kitty cocked back the hammer and locked the chamber into the barrel. They're alive as I sit here before you, she said. You'd best shoot me, then, said the hag. Kitty twitched her trigger finger and the gun kicked and spat white smoke and the hag reeled and recoiled, tumbled from her chair with skull drilled clean through by the slug and brains and blood and bits of skull running out upon the bearskin rug. Kitty holstered the piece and adjusted her hat and stood there, face splattered in black blood in the candlelight and took a bottle of bourbon from a shelf, uncorked it with her teeth and drank until the sun returned, and she rode out to meet her party once more, another trail gone cold.
by Logan N. Murphy
most fundamental human instincts of greed, pride, and lust. Murphy's goal in his writing is to offer a snapshot of humanity at its rawest core, an image stripped of the social pretense and political pressures that so often plague and constrain contemporary people.
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NEW YORK TIMES CROSSWORD • Will Shortz ACROSS 1 Hold back 5 Egg pouches 9 Bus. cards in commercial mailings, e.g. 14 Janowitz who wrote “Slaves of New York” 15 Dept. of Labor agency 16 “M*A*S*H” setting 17 “Little Caesar” gangster 18 Movie about La Brea Tar Pits’ formation? 20 Sharp-tongued 22 Does a post-meal chore 23 Movie about a Nobel-winning chemist? 26 Our sun 29 Word after Farm or Live 30 Craving 31 Humble oneself 34 Curtain material 36 Surfer wannabe
37 Movie about Wall Streeters’ excesses? 42 So far 43 Bridge bid, briefly 44 Wild West badge 47 William Tell’s canton 48 Brit. military honor 51 ___ Tomé 52 Movie about the early life of Lassie? 55 ___ Creed of A.D. 325 58 Nonsense word said while pointing a finger 59 Movie about the memoirs of the Duke? 63 Saint Philip ___ 64 Packing heat 65 The “a” in a.m. 66 Baseball analyst Hershiser 67 “Siddhartha” author 68 River through Belgium 69 Seasonal song … or a phonetic hint to 18-, 23-, 37-, 52and 59-Across
ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE H A S H
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DOWN 1 Geologic layers 2 Meditative exercises 3 Acted the host 4 New Zealand native 5 Boozehound 6 Bat wood 7 “S.N.L.” alum Oteri 8 Texas/Louisiana border river 9 Ticker tests, for short 10 Snoop (around) 11 Bygone Toyota sedan 12 Jeans brand 13 Syrup base 19 “Young Frankenstein” woman
21 24 25 27 28 32 33 34 35 37 38 39 40
Certain protest Soft ball brand Put in stitches “The Plague” setting Bygone Fords Precarious place, metaphorically ___ death (overwork) Dams and does Unit now known as a siemens Musical with Mungojerrie and Jennyanydots Home to billions Prim and proper, e.g. Plenty, informally
41 Garr who played 19-Down 45 Knuckle draggers 46 Takeoff site 48 Do-re-mi 49 Evening affair 50 “The Iceman Cometh” playwright 53 Lowly laborers 54 Mortise’s mate 56 Supermodel Sastre 57 Hand over 59 Cartoon baby’s cry 60 “Chances ___,” 1957 #1 hit 61 Address abbr. 62 ___ Spiegel
6 • The Daily Beacon
Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Lady Vols held to historic low The Associated Press
Burdick contributes off bench
SOUTH BEND, Ind. — Skylar Diggins matched a season high with 27 points Monday night and No. 2 Notre Dame beat No. 7 Tennessee 72-44, holding the Vols to their lowest scoring output in school history. Devereaux Peters had 16 points and 16 rebounds for the Irish (20-1), who have won 17 straight. Tennessee (14-5) got 13 points from Meighan Simmons, but shot just 27.9 percent in the lopsided loss. Notre Dame was 0-20 all-time against the Vols before a 73-59 victory in the NCAA regional finals last March in Dayton, Ohio. The Irish haven’t lost since Nov. 20 to topranked Baylor and have now beaten both UConn and Tennessee on their home floor this season after toppling both in last year’s NCAA tournament. Leading at the half, the Irish jumped out early in the second as Diggins sank a 3-pointer and Peters had three inside baskets in an 113 run that opened up a 39-21 lead three minutes in. Tennessee continued to miss on everything, from both the field and the free-throw line. Diggins made a nice strip of an inside pass, dribbled the length of the court, passed to
Peters and then got it back for a layup to make it 44-26 with just over 14 minutes left. Then after picking up her third foul, Diggins hit her fourth 3-pointer of the game to make it a 21point lead. Diggins was 10 of 17 from the field and 5 for 7 on 3-pointers. After Tennessee closed to within 16 with about seven minutes to go, the Irish went on one final run to put it away. Kayla McBride added 17 points for the Irish. The Vols made just 17 of 61 field-goal attempts and were only 7 for 16 from the freethrow line. Rebounding, including eight early offensive caroms, kept the Vols close in the early stages of the game because they could not make a shot. They missed 14 of their first 17 attempts from the floor and finished the first half 7 for 35 (20 percent). And the poor shooting extended to the line, where the Vols were only 4 for 10. The field-goal percentage and total points were first-half lows for the Vols this season. McBride, showing an ability to break for the basket, had nine straight Notre Dame points at one juncture and scored 11 in the first half. Diggins ended up with 10 at the half, hitting two free throws with 2 seconds left to put the Irish up 28-18.
absences. In logging a season-high 31 minutes off the bench, Burdick tied her career high in points with 15 and hauled in six rebounds to The leadership of five seniors been instru- go with a block and a steal. She was named mental in the No. 9 Lady Vols basketball player of the game. “I think she’s used to playing,” said UT team’s 14-5 start, but so has the play of three UT freshmen — which made up the nation’s assistant Coach Holly Warlick. “When top recruiting class in 2011— one of whom Shekinna’s (Stricklen) well and Meighan’s being 6-foot-2 backup forward Cierra Burdick. (Simmons) playing well, it’s tough to get her Burdick arrived this past year at Tennessee minutes at times. I thought she’s been patient. with an impressive resume after attending She’s worked hard on her game and she got Butler High School in North Carolina, where the opportunity tonight and made the most of it. Her time is coming.” she graduated with a 4.28 GPA. Not only do her coaches and teammates like The nation’s No. 3 recruit for the Class of 2011 put together an impressive senior season the hard work she puts into her game, but her in which she averaged 23.1 points, 15.3 work ethic as well. “She is a very hard workrebounds, 5.4 assists, 5 er and is at the gym all the blocks and 4.1 steals a time,” senior Glory Johnson game. Her performance said. “She will be in the gym not only led her to a roster working on her shot for spot in the McDonald’s hours. Every day you can All-American game, but see an improvement in her awarded her the North game.” Carolina Gatorade Player While Burdick dreams of of the Year. In three years one day having her name up at Butler, she led her team in the rafters inside to an 86-7 record and a Thompson-Boling Arena, state title. winning multiple champi“It was great just to onships while playing for have my hard work pay the Lady Vols, and making off,” Burdick said. “I love it to the WNBA, she also that high school, and I has other plans for later on wouldn’t have wanted to in her future. graduate from anywhere “I’m majoring in journalelse than Butler.” ism and electronic media Since becoming a Lady and trying to get into the Vol, Burdick has been a broadcasting field and do major impact for her team George Richardson • The Daily Beacon some sports broadcasting,” and adjusted to the college level of play rather quickly. Cierra Burdick dribbles the ball Burdick said. “I’m just a Through 19 games, she down the court against people person and I love has averaged 4.7 points, Carson-Newman Nov. 9. The talking to people and find2.3 rebounds and 1.1 freshman has scored 65 points ing out things about them and enjoying their compaassists per game. in 15 games. ny. So just to be able to talk In her first regular seaabout the sport and their son game, Burdick came off the bench to score seven points to go along life in general is really appealing to me.” For the girl who first started playing basketwith two assists and two blocks in the Lady ball at the age of five and played numerous Vols’ 89-57 victory over Pepperdine. “It was definitely a confidence booster to go other sports growing up, including softball out and play in my first game,” Burdick said. and soccer, she is living out her dream right “It’s hard coming in as a high schooler and now and couldn’t be happier to be a Lady Vol playing on a big stage, especially at a major playing for coach Pat Summitt. “The experience so far has been great,” college. It allowed me to realize that I can Burdick said. “I’m learning a lot of stuff every impact this team and help us out.” Her most defining performance this season, day and continuing to get better is my goal however, came last week in a hard-fought 65- and I feel like this coaching staff can help me Joy Hill • The Daily Beacon 56 victory over SEC opponent LSU. In a game do that. We just have to keep getting better as in which Tennessee was missing two starters, a team and I think we can do some special Students at the Lady Vols vs. LSU game hold up signs of an Angry Bird, a smiling Pat Burdick stepped up big in her teammates’ things.” Summitt, and Vicki Baugh on Jan 19. The Lady Vols won against the Tigers, 65-56.
Patrick MacCoon Staff Writer