El Burro

Page 1

and plenty of jobs to be done in that direction. An official P-C pamphlet states the "why" in more detail: "The Peace Corps represents an opportunity for individual citizens to work directly with the people of other countries to provide economic, social, or educational assistance and to further the cause of peace through personal relationships and development of mutual understanding." At an extreme pole from these views is that of the January 13, 1961 issue of "Human Events," which, stating its case behind a 1936 cover picture of Hitler's Nazi youth asserts, "Kennedy proposes to offer 18-to25-year-old youngsters a chance to escape the draft if they will go to the underdeveloped countries and tell those poor people how they can become modern nations in a hurry." Probably the most important answers, however, come from the Peace Corpsmen themselves. One of the first TWC-trainees to arrive in El Paso said, "I believe the corps is a good step in improving our foreign policy. It offers a better way to aid underdeveloped countries than to give financial aid to some." Another corpsman remarked that the trainees are not a · bunch of "dewy-eyed zealots" but men hoping to do a job in Tanganyika which will reflect on the good intentions of the U. S. and provide Americans with an opportunity of representing their country to the world. · Of interest to taxpayers, many of whom couldn't care less about the high-sounding reasons for the corps, is the cost of the program, or as Robert Ruark (an Anti-Kennedy, anti- New Frontier, anti Peace Corps columnist) calls it, "the new z~roes and decimal points in the red margin of the national ledger." The greatest cost, according to the March 13 issue of "Newsweek," is the training, transporting, and maintenance of corpsmen · in the field. Estimates of which vary from $5,000 to $12,000 per ·· corpsman per year. ··The TWC program, according to ·Dr. Clyde Kelsey Jr., will cost -around $100,000 for the training of 44 corpsmen. Under the cost- reimbursement plan · CTW's estimate was considered one of the best out of several colleges submitting budgets), all costs of training including surveying .. and engineering ~ equipment,


In the classroom ...

..• and in the field

clothing, lodging, meals, and a $2a- day subsistance allowance, all come under the $100,000 bid. By mid-July, the Peace Corps hit its stride. No longer a campaign 5

promise, the program was r olling along, for better or worse, with over 200 trainees processing in .

( Continued on page 29)

Illustration : Eddie Apodaca 6

93ull1i'ilhter~ and

BULL-SHOOTERS by Terry French


There is a difference between the bullfight in real life and the bullfight in literature.Sired by such men as Ernest Hemingway, Barnaby Conrad, and Tom Lea, the bullfight in fiction takes on such heroic proportions that a real bullfight, faced with the realities of uncooperative bulls and varied talent in its matadors, could never bridge the dividing gap. However, the blame does not lie with the bullfight because the bullfight cannot rise above itself; the blame lies with those authors who would have you believe that the bullfight is the epitome of pageantry, and the matador the living incarnation of courage, bravery, and -heroism. Assuming an ideal fight is about to begifi, let us see how Tom Lea sets the stage for the corrida. He says that around four o'clock you can feel "something in. the air." Also, the hubbub of voices, mixed with the bright sun (and probably with Cruz Blanca), gives one a feeling of excitement and a certain anxiety. All of this, and we haven't arrived at the bullring yet. At the gate, a small group of men on the sidewalk are playing pep- _ py paso dobles. Then you buy your ticket and walk through the dark corridors of the stadium until you reach an opening . which, when reached, gives you the impression of having just reached the summit of a tall mountain. . After you find a seat, with the rest of the crowd, you become impatient for the fight io 路, start. ~you amuse yourself by watching: the crowd amuse itself. And it does, ~oo, becau.se most have been . w:orking at meniaf jobs all week, slav- .

ing for soineb0dy else. This is their day to shine. And why not? Especially when they have such a won<;).erful audience as the gringo tourists who listen to ther:n and try to understand the insults ydled in Spanish to friends and bullring officials. Finally, the anxious applause begins. It starts and fades away. Then another wave comes. This goes on until the show starts when it reaches its greatest intensity, finally merging into the actual fanfare of the show.




. when I see a matador wait and wait until

... '



' and, whel)-, it was gone, '"settied 'to rest Up to this point there does not seem to be much difference between this and the bull seems so winded that it just .around the immobile slippers. on the sand. any other kind of American entertain- stands there, and only then does the mata- Weightless and poised, divorced from ment. Everyone is impatient for any show dor decide to make his grand entrance time in its magic slow ~ightness, the :rose to start and all audiences indicate this by into the ring. arc of the ver<_lnica flared out, . curving _ This phase of the bullfight is depicted and carrying away. the rush'" of the beast waves of applause. To prove this, all one has to do is go to the Plaza Theatre on in The Brave Bulls. Luis Bello is getting as it returned . and retutned again." · . El Paso on Sunday night, at intermission a chance to demonstrate his courage in Now, I submit that this is just .too fantime. Ten minute_after the organist comes the ring. The bull has just come out and tastic. First of all, the only slow motion out of his hole to play, the audience is the little peon (Monkey Garcia) takes action I have witnessed has been the -.span teariQg the house down with applause. him so that Bello can determine the bull's of time that passed when either the mataThe musician thinks it is because he has characteristics. Bello sees the monster dor was reluctant to come into the ·_ ring done such a fine job, but it is only the charge his peon across the ring. As Garcia or when the bull was so dead tired on its audience hoping he will go back into his dodges behind the burladero, and the feet that it could hardly run by the brave hole so the show can begin. bull's horns crash into it at the same matador. Another feat which has always amused At the bullfight, the difference eperges time, the sight shakes Bello up mentally when the band comes in and begins to and physically. Then Garcia runs madly me concerns the matador who goes into play the song which captures all the out into the ring. When he returns, he some fancy and elaborate pass after the bravery, valor, glory, spirituality, and ser- tells Bello all the information the latter bull has already gone by' him. And what iousness of the corrida-"La Virgen de needs-which way he hooks, that the really climaxes this fiasco is the fact that Ia Maeareiia." Tom Lea describes the bull can see, and that he uses his left the care invariably gets caught on some scene: horn more than the right. Bello says, part o the matador's dothine:. and he has "And then the band comes in from the simply, "Run Him." Later, Garcia comes to spend time getting it loose before he balcony, the sun shining on its big brass back -winded and exhausted after having can acknowledge the crowd's applause. The next act is pie-ing. There are th,ree horns high up there on the rim of the been chased all over creation by the bull. plaza, and it starts to play, "La Virgen . Bello takes a look at his peon and again, of these, not very attractive to watch. The de Ia Maeareiia," the old Andaluz song because his courage fails hi-m, all he can main function is to weaken the bull' s of bravado in the minor key that brings say is "Run him," on the pretext that neck and to encourage the bull by allowa roar from the throats of the crowd and further evaluation is needed. Finally, the ing him to hit something solid. I fail to see how jabbing long lances music lets him know that he has had sinks into. the hearts of the bullfighters. "The trUf11pef player tilts the horn high ~nough time and that this particular act into the bull' s shoulders could encourage him to want to fight. With my own eyes OVer the rim of the plaza up there -i-n the IS over. sun and the notes he makes come from So much for that part of the fight I haye seen the solid objects the _bull far· beyond 1ike a h).lmble trumpeter of The ·next act, according to Conrad, is the meets. It _is true that the bull gets the feel Cuenca. They arch out into the air like one in which the matador exhibits his of hitting something solid by ramming hope, clear and sweet, to climb and turn first capework. The three rules for good into the poor horse. But it is also true and fa! at last into the quietness encircled capework are "Parar, madar, y templar!' that before the bull ever meets the horse, by the curved walk." Parar means to place the feet and not a one-pronged pitchfork is driven deep "La Virgen de jg Maeareiia" does re- to ~ove them until the bull has passed. into the bull' s back. Most bulls make ~ind me of all the things Tom Lea men- · Thts takes nerve. Jo:Landar is to control the two charges and then quit, either because tlons. But what is so disillusioning is that bull and make. htm follow ~he cape in they are discouraged or because they are in real life this little "humble trumpeter" whatever dt_rectlon the cape 1s led. This wounded. I saw one bull fall down and is not the Gabriel that Tom Lea makes takes expenence and nerve. Templar IS die right there on the spot. The lance him out to be. Instead, he is a little, dirty, w~~n th_e art begins to come in_. It means had gone completely through his lung. old man, with an unshaven fac~-a per- a slowmg down, ~ prolongatiOn of t~e However, it was a very small bull, and feet caricature of Shelley Berman's "the danger ~f the bulls char~e, a grace m perhaps the smaller bulls are more easily day after the night before." Nevertheless, the mans movements _whtch means the hurt than the larger ones. The next act is called the Quite. Here he makes you feel, by his song, that some- dtfference between a wtl~mg and ~ourag­ thing exciting is about to happen. My eous hacker and an artist" _Hemmgway the matador takes the bull' away from only complaint is that I have been going descnbes templar as performmg "the us- the horse. This represents the second half to bullfights for the last five years and I ual movements of bupfighting so _slowly of Pie-ing, although these two acts are have yet to see that certain "something" they become, to old-ttme bullfightmg, as separate. After the bull has charged one actually happen. slow motion P_i,cture i~ to the ?rdinary of the horses, the matador runs out to Moving on to the actual fight itself, ~ott?~, ptcture. ~h1s IS what bnngs. the take the bull away and aim it at the next we find that Conrad divides it into seven Oles, and e~ch ttme the matador bnngs horse. This is done three times in all, acts. The first act consists of doubling, the bull by htm, he IS supl?osed to let it provided, of course, that the bull survives. which "gives the matador a chance to come a little cl?ser to h1s body. The There are usually three matadors in each quickly size up his opponent, to find out matador t~en fimshe~ up a series with a fight, and during the three Quites each if it charges straight, sees well with both h~lf-veronJCa,_ gathenng the cape at his of the three takes his turn trying to "outeyes, follows the cape, and which horn h1p and ma~m~ th"e bull turn so sharply do the other in the gracefulness and risktaking of the passes, and this is often the 1t must stop m 1ts tracks. it favors." I could be smart and say that if the Tom Lea also describes the second act most competitive and exciting part of the bull does all these things, the matador of the bull fight. "Bello's body turned out fight." I believe that most artists, actors, and will not fight him. But I do think this ltke s~me solemn sculpture swaying with is done so that the matador can size up g!Jtter~ng arms, sw~eping the cloth low, performers have a touch of the exhibithe bull, and also, if for no other reason, fastenmg the horns mto a long pink swing tionist in them: Because matadors also to tire out the bull. I have my suspicions that pulled the plunging blackness past, perform before the public, I sometimes .



(Continued on page 26)



3:334:44 p.m.










General Assembly. Discussion (following roll-call) of student activities by R. Melvin Gohard, president of the "Chaps" the male counterpart of the "Spurs" and one of TW's periennially outstanding organizations. Also, campus traffic regulations will be discussed, illustrated by still pictures of maimed auto accident victims.

5:30 a.m.

5:30 a.m.

Second session of Freshman testingmicrophone type (like where you say "testing, one two, three, etc.") Engineers only. Discussions on "How to identify a wet stope in the field," "The proper wearing of beard, slide-rule, and clip-board," and "The origin of genus 'Pedogii'." Physical Education Majors only Clinic on " The importance of taking showers." Free hotel-size bars of soap passed out in class for scrutiny by students. English majors only. Discussion on "How to not split infinitives."

5:30 a.m.

5:30 a.m.

TUESDAY. September 12 Roley orientation. Men students only, please. Film on "Brain-Washing: the Only Cure for Dirty Minds?" Followed by ceremonial presentation of perfect attendance citations ("Gung- ho ribb ons.")

WEDNESDAY. September 13 Registration for day students begins with the letter "H". This particular letter was picked at random by a person working in the Administration Building, who, oddly enough, has a last name also beginning with "H." THURSDAY. September 14 Registration continues. Freshmen at the end of the registration schedule will be delighted to learn that the little schedule they made up at home will not work since nearly all classes are closed at this point. FRIDAY. September 15 Registration continues, particularly for those mentioned above. SATURDAY. September 16 Late registration: either sign up or get out. This is the day when you leave your money at the bookstore. We'll be seeing you Monday when you ar'e struggling up the hill by Kidd Field with about 20 lbs. of· books under your arm.

*Prof. Gombody was quoted, after~nding the huge white "M" on August 3, 1913, ''Maybe it stands for 'mountain,' huh?"

Meeting of all freshmen for pre-registration instructions. Glearly illustrated 400page manual with line-drawings on "Elbow and knee techniques," lessons on "Forging ahead in the transcript line," e tc. Also words and music to TWC registration song: "Rush, shove, and ram Smite hip and thigh, We'll all be seniors In the sweet bye and bye." Get-acquainted Luncheon sponsored by the Student Association for all purchasers of Student Association cards. Traditional orange and white are to be worn regardless of the snickers and whispers of upper-classmen. Bean feed. All you can eat within reason and within the boundaries of your personal ability to control yourself. Beanies (little round hats, not little beans) will b e worn. Traditional "M" painting on scenic Mt. Franklin. First bucket of paint will be thrown by. Prof. Gombody who found the Big, "M" on the side of the mountain · in 1913. ~Prof. Gombody will also punctuate the ensuing merriment by relating se'v eral more amusing anecdotes circa 1913 ..

"They've made a ruling that ·1 can't take Golf 1101 because I've punched too many holes in the greens."




. 11



• ~\

THE CAMPUS TO INCLUDE: Marshall Field Over Hall Slavic Language Building Genes Research Lab Ye Olde Booke Nookie Alexander Graham Bell Hall Dos Equis Garden · Corn Hall Mouse House Benedict Arnold Hall Rescue Mission Red Square Purple Circle Fungi Laboratory Tammany Hall Hoffa Hall Whole Hall Radio Uistening Lab Gary Power Plant Tanganyika Hilton Fish Inn Distillery Out Inn Seamon Sanatorium


•·, ..:

Of course he couldn't do anything to her, really, and according OH BRING BACK MY BONNIE TO ME to reports it didn't stop her midnight activities. The alarm clock sounded regularly, according to her outraged room-mate: But at least sight until she went into her room, whatever went on was done disand then I knocked on the skipper's creetly, and nobody seemed to door. know who it was this time. There Tom's listeners were showing was no more trouble and eventualmixed reactions. Bill shook his head ly we docked in New York. with-a wry grin. Edie looked shockSo there. That was the most wored. ' Elaine lit a cigarette, carefully. rying peace-time trip I ever made, Tom said, "You asked for it!" all over a passenger. But it was unI .didn't say anything to the skip- usual. per about the girl, Tom went on. "What happened to the girl?" I didn't know what to do. Lonly Bill asked. "I don't know," said Tom. "I nevwished she would get off. But she didn't. She spent most of the time er heard. I really didn't see much ashore in Caracas with the young of her myself and it was several oil man, but at sailing time she was years ago and I doubt if I'd know back on board and the young fellow her again. I don't even remember was with her, looking miserable. I her name." heard him beg her to stay and get "Well," said Edie "That was married and she said no, she had quite a trip." Turning' to Elaine she to arrange things in New York. added, "Now don't look so miserThe-trip back up from Venezuela · able. Tom said it was exceptional, was nerve-wracking for me. There and I'm sure your husband won't is a certain tension, you see, and have any such problem." people are bottled up like being "No, it was exceptional." Tom shipwrecked _on a desert island. said. "You get a woman or two on This was an attractive.little girl, all the make of course but I've never right, and anything could happen known a~ything like that one, bebefore we docked. fore or since." We hao only oHe stop this time, Tom stood up. "Edie," he said, "I and that was at Jamaica. The pas- must go. I'm short on sleep now, sengers and all the officers who and we sail at noon tomorrow. were off duty made up a party and Thanks again-it was good to see went out to a night club called the you all, and I'll see you next time." Glass Bucket. I GOuldn't go, because He turned to Elaine and as he looked down he noticed her watch a we were oiling. As usual. ~ut about two o:clock I saw the little white gold one with a curi~us skipper .come home, alone. Around blue enamel design that was somethree the agent came on board, and thing like a Dutch tile. "Nine-thirS?me offici~ls. We. were sailing at ty!" He looked at her. "Nice to s~, and still loadmg. About four meet you, Elaine. What did you say o clock, the girl came back with the your last name was?" first mate, and both were pretty She looked at him, and her eyes well loaded. Apparently she went seemed to Tom to have a fixed to his room with him, and the cap- fearful look. ' tain must have caught them. First "Williams," she said finally. "Williams," Tom repeated. "WilI knew. I heard the first mate yell somethmg, then I heard the cap- Iiams. No I don't believe I know tain order the girl to her room. All any skipper of that name." He this was right over my head. We paused then patted her on the sailed, with the first mate restrict- should~r. "Be good." He opened the ed to his quarters and the girl to door, waved and called a last goodhers. bye, and left.

Some people sow their wild oats If all the coeds in the world who didn't make out were gathered into on Saturday nights and then go to one room, what would we do with church on Sunday and pray for her? crop failure.



His toes .curled· in t he biack soil. It was; marvelous to feel t he good cool earth. beneath his feet again. Tenderly he bent down and crum-· bled a piece of rich' sod between his fingers. A man wasa.fool ·to leave the land. He thoug}:lt of the ctty as loathsome: All it had brought him was unhappiness and sorrow, .but that was over. He was back to· his first love-the earth. For a while he was motionless in silent· cont~m­ plation; a prayer of thanksgiving arose from his heart. Once more he was part of nature and not just a shadow in the city. A voice called "Dinner's ready." Slowly and reluctantly he took his foot out of the flower pot. You're taking accounting, aren't you son?·" "That's right, Dad." . "Then account for the brassiere in your laundry last week." He: "Do you have a fairy godmother?" She: "No, but I have an uncle I'm not sure about." ·. The guy and the doll were flying low through the valley when the guy brought the car to a screeching halt. 0n their left in a grazing field there was a cow and an amorous bull. The guy put a big mit around the doll's middle and murmured softly, "Boy, would I like to do the same thing." "Go right ahead," the doll said. "I'll wait here for you!" Bartender: "Highball of Martini?" Freshman Coed: "Just a straight ginger ale, if you don't mind." Bartender: "Pale?" Freshman Coed: "No, just a glass!"

Prof: "Why don't you answer when I call your name?" Frosh: "I nodded my head." Prof: "You don't expect me to hear it rattle all the way up here, do you?" Coed: "It's shameful the way you start making passes at me after a half-dozen drinks." Guy: "What's shameful about it?" Coed: "Wasting six drinks!"

At the beginning of every new semester comes the usual complaint by students about the extraordinarily high cost of textbooks. Having heard these complaints many times, and having participated ourselves, El Burro decided to try to discover whether these gripes are justified or not. Is our bookstore charging too much for our books? Is the manager of the bookstore really waxing wealthy from the profits obtained from fleecing innocent students? Is there any way to stop this practice? Are we the only students suffering from this insiduous practice, or is it prevalent in other colleges throughout the nation? We felt it was indeed time to find out how we stand! A comparative shopping survey among bookstores was begun. We sent explanatory letters and questionnaires to the following colleges and universities: The University of Texas, Austin, Texas; New Mexico State University, University Park, New Mexico; Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona; University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico; . _University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado; University of California, Berkeley, C~lifornia; University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California; Texas Tech College, Lubbock, Texas; . Texas A. & M. College, College Station, Texas; University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona; Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. In these letters, we explained our purpose and enclosed a list of representative textbooks for all departments and classifications. We asked the bookstore to let us know the prices they were charging for these textbooks, or for other similar 路 ones. We inquired about the 路. policy of buying used books; about - the mark-up on supplies and equipmerit; about faculty discounts; and various other pqints to be considered and discussed. (Continued on page 24)




by anne Iieberman




We received prompt, courteous, · and comprehensive replies from all the colleges and universities except Western Reserve University in Cleveland. Some. of the replies were just a few words scrawled on our original letters; some were very complete and lengthy; all were cooperative. Let us begin with certain generalities ascertained by this survey. . Most, ' but not all, college classes do require textbooks. Son.J.e professors teach with the lecture only method, which may require outside reading but no actual textbook. In effect, therefore, these classes would still require the purchase of some book for the course. Other professors insist upon several textbooks for a particular course, thus raising the expenses for taking that course. Comparable classes in different colleges are taught by professors who use very different methods of instruction. Almost all bookstores in colleges and universities are owned by the institution-, or by the student association thereof. They are not necessarily subsidized by the college; usually a tiookstore must stand-on its own merit, financially. Profits, if any, in ·the stor~s owned by the student associations go to .support student association activities. The manager of the respective bookstore is usually an employee of the college, and does not-naturally -receive any ofthe profits which may accrue. This debunks a beloved theory among students to the


effect that "their" money· has helped pay for a new house, or new car, or other signs of affluence. Textbook publishers traditionally establish a "list," or retail, price for their publications. The books are sold to book dealers throughout the country at list price less a 20% discount, plus freight or shipping charges. This same price applies whether the book store is owned private or by the college. Most textbooks come from the Eastern part of the United States, and transportation charges to the Southwest will likely average about 3% of the list price, thus leaving our bookstore a gross profit of about 17 %. However, national surveys of college book stores show operating expenses of from 19% to 25%, and selling textbooks alone, therefore, will always leave the bookstore "in the red." This explains why most college stores sell college novelties, station·ery, records, etc. There is usually a greater mark-up among these items, and this mark-up varies from city to city. For example, at one Arizona University, there is a 33%% mark-up on such items as binders, looseleaf paper, pencils, art supplies and engine ring items. There is a 40 % mark-up on "nonrequired" items such as pens, pencils, clothing, pennants, etc. Most of the bookstores buy back books at the end of the semester from students. There is a common practice of buying the book back at 50 % of the original price, and sell-


ing it again at 75 % of the original ' list price.: One of the colleges contacted, however·, sells the used books at 60·% of the original price. One of th~ bookstore managers mentioned tha he believed that the sale of a textbook ~ handicaps · a bookstore, because a professor decides on which book to use, and a publisher decides at what price the book is to be sold. This, he states,_ means that the bookstore manager must be very capable in order to operate the store satisfactorily within the limits imposed, and still show a profit to satisfy the University to which the store belongs. Some of the bookstores offer a discount to members of the faculty, and some do not. All of the bookstores must cover all their expenses from the gross income every year. This may include the normal operating expenses of salaries, rent, heat, light, repairs, insurance, and will certainly include the large item of pilferage loss, which-although not usually mentioned or stressed - seems to be increasing every year. A conservative estimate of such pilferage would be about 2% of gross sales. Mo.st bookstores are open twe}ve months a year. Inventory, cleaning, sortlng, must go on continually. All bookstores employ student help as much as possible, on a parttime basis, but usually employ several full-time employees like the manager and assistant manager, depending upon the size of the store

by Rhoda Milnarich

Once there was a lassie born to be love's own sweet bride; To know the world in laughter's spring, her true love by her side.

Two can play at any gamethe devid knows that well; He listened to the faddy's mass and wished his soul to hell.

Twice it travelled round the world But he went wandering off to war And reached the purest maid; and soon hi.r love forgot; Alld though she stayed steadfast and true, She took his sin a'S for her own With all the curse it laid. the faddy , he did not. Soon hi.r .raul was sinful in its lu.rt for one young la.r.r; Who seamed him till he said for her the unble.rt devil's mass.

She comes at midnight when the clock must strike the knell of death; Twelve time.r twelve the toll is tolled In hushed witches breath.


She comes alone at midnight when the dead alone can show The living as they stand against the black of hell's own glow. Burdened with consuming sin she comes and takes away, The faithless soul denied to her when she did walk by day.

and the demands · upon the employees. Now we have concluded with generalities. Let us become specific and talk about our own bookstore at Texas Western. In discussing this subject with the manager, we discovered many facts which are not usually known among the students. For example, we did not know that the bookstore profits here, as in other colleges, must cover all expenses. Any balance goes to amortize the Student Union Building. We have four full-time employees, and usually about 5 part-time employees who may be students. We order directly from the book publishers. Professors send the names of the textbooks which they will use on order cards, usually after consultation with their department heads. Sometimes the number they order will be too few or _ prove to be too many. After a short time, the bookstore personnel becomes familiar with the individual professors, and are able to compensate {or such overage or underage in his estimate. Unsold textbooks can be returned to the publisher, but only if they are returned before an expiration date. This means that the bookstore staff must be alert enough to take advantage of this arrangement. Much money can be lost by keeping books too long, and later they ~an ~e _sold OJ!lY at a fraction ?f their ongmal pnce to reduce the mventory and free shelf space for ·

more timely and necessary textOther services offered to the stubooks. dents are gold-leaf monograms, The Texas Western bookstore, as ordering of senior class rings, caps everyone knows, will buy back cur- and gowns, and graduation invitarently-used books from students. tions. Magazines may also be orBut how many of us know that dered through the bookstore, usuthroughout the entire year, they ally at student discounts which are will also help stud_e nts by acting as quite high. agents of a Nebraska book comNow that we have amassed the pany and will buy books no longer foregoing information, can we realused here at prices established in ly know any more than before a catalog issued by the Nebraska whether textbook prices are too company. This is done as an accom- high? What we have discovered, it modation for students. seems, is that if we believe textHow many of us know that the books are priced too high, it is not bookstore has a catalog of every because our bookstore wants it that book in print, from which students way. We have found that our bookmay place special orders at any store charges no more than do othtime? These special orders are re- er bookstores across the country; ceived in about fourteen days, and that the prices are not set by the the student is charged only the list individual bookstore manager, but price of the book plus postage of are set by a system which will not twe~ty-five cents per book. · The permit the lowering of such prices special order books, however, must and still result in a profit for the be prepaid before ordering, to in- bookstore. We do not, therefore, sure that the book will be picked maintain that textbook prices are up upon delivery. low by any means, but we do now In addition to the required text- believe that what ver the reason books, the bookstore always has a for the high prices, we must look great variety of other books, called elsewhere for the cause. It is not "trade books," to sell. Being a State our purpose at this time to examinstitution, Texas Western cannot ine the publishers' reasons for setadvertise its wares in competition ting the list prices. We still believe with privately-ow1;1ed stores, but we that all textbooks carry what seems have a greater variety of book mer- to be higher prices than students chandise than we have yet seen in believe necessary, but qespite all El Paso. The prices are the same the complaints, it is .a proven fact list prices as those found in other that .out of every dollar spent by a stores. Several times a year, mer- student for his education; actually chandise is placed on spt;cial s~le less than four cents will go for his to clear shelf space for mcon:mg books. Without textbooks, the job books, and the values at that time ' of learning would be much more are always unusually good. difficult than it is now.

THE HAPPY MAN rejected, he sat up on the edge of the bed Looked for pity found none shufflea sad feet iizto sad japanese sandals shuffled the whole sad me.f.f into the bathnJo m took his 1'azor and was sad ~o · mar~ · ·

by Edwin Le~t ·







" .:



Act six i,s._. called the Parma. This issuposed to be the most. im_portant part of the fight. " It is . more dangerous because it presents half the target .to the bull that the cape does, at.td most of the passes leave the man's body expos~( giving the bull his choice f:Jf the smiill cloth or the inviting bulk of the matador's legsJ' ' The small cloth is called a muleta, and it is. decidedly smaller than the cape used up · until this time. Here is where "the mata- .. dor must unfurl his stylish, statuesque passes. He should plant his feet, lock his . knees, straighten his body, and take the bull as close to him as his skill and nerve will permit." The last act is the kill. The ideal situation is "for the man to make one perfect sword thrust" and have the bull keel over immediately. Maybe this is the way it is done in the books, but in real life, even the great stars of the ring fall short by comparison. The slow-motion, dreamy movements of the writers turn out to be the fastest movements I have ever seen in my life. The fighters are in and outsticking around no longer than necessary. Even though the matador may slow down for the sake of his art, this does not necessarily mean that the bull is bound by the same aesthetic considerations. From the above, it should be apparent that my wrath is not directed against the bullfight. (.After all, I have been going to them for five years.) No, I am not angry with the bullfight for failing to li~e up to the fiction that i~ written. abo17t It, but rather with the fiction for Its failure to report accurately what real~y happe?s in the bullring. I am angry with the fiction that improvises, invents and reads something into bullfighting that simply is not there. Perhaps the remedy lies in having the authors. warn the readers in advance that they are merely "shooting the bull."

PHIKAPPATA . BULLFIGHTERS AND BULL-SHOOTERS UFRATERNIT YWELCOMES wonder if they are not in part motivated by a need to be loved by their audiences. FRESHMENP This seems especially evident during the when each matador get a chance HIKAPPATAU Quites to "show his stuff." FJIATERNITY One matador comes out and drives the audience to a frenzY,Then the next mataWELCOMESF dor comes out and tries to outdo the first. each hopes the other will look RESHMENPH Meanwhile, bad in the eyes of the audience. Accordto the books, however, what .should IKAPPATAUF ing be motivating the matador, at this point, RATERNITYW is a feeling of tragedy and the sense of If these emotions were occupying ELCOMESFR death. the matador's being, he would have no ESHMEN PHI room for such selfish thoughts as how was shaping up in comparison with KAPPATAUFR he his competitors. The -fifth act is the placing of the ATERNITYWE Banderillas. Its purpose is "to tire the LCOMESFRE neck muscles more arrd also to correct hooking mannerism by placing them SHMEN PHIK any on the oposite side of the Hook." I alfeel that this part of the act is unAPPATAUFRA ways necessary because the bull has just sufTERNITYWEL fered the ordeal of the previous act. At this point, the bull's head has orrly one COMESFRES pecufiarity-it droops down like that of a grazing cow. Hence, after the punishHMEN PHIKA ment of the pie-ing, and the severing of PPATAUFRAT most of the bull's neck muscles, perhaps the real purpose of the Banderil!as is to ERNITVWELC keep the bull' s head pinned on in order the fight may continue. After having OMESFRESH that watched many matadors perform this act, MEN PHIKAP I'm not so sure that the purpose has anyto do with the bull's head and neck PATAUFRATE atthing all. I have seen some bullfighters miss so far that the barb has landed RNITYWELCO inthethemark.rump of the animal. I say, "aniMESFRESHM mal," because by this time I am not sure the game is bullfighting or "pin EN PHIKAPP whether the tail on the donkey." ATAUFRATER Compare the above description of what Adam and Eve in the garden had really happens with how Tom Lea despretty hard day naming the aniNITVWELCOM cribes this part of the bull fight. "Slowly amals. with grace, as if he commanded some "Well, Adam," said Eve, "Let's ESFRESHMEN great music, he brought the sticks up call this one a hippopotamus." holding them high, higher yet, "But, darling, why a hippopotaPHIKAPPATA pointing, rising on his toes, lowering slowly, arms mus?" UFRATERNIT outspreading, in the silence, pointing at "Well, hell, it looks like a hippothe beast. He saw the bull's eyes fix, the potamus, doesn't it?" YWELCOMES hoofs gather. Suddenly he hit the stick FRESHMENP ~~afts toge~~er with . a clack and called Women are a problem, but they ... HIKAPPATAU Toro It is probably enjoyable to read mater- are the kind of a problem that men ial such as this, especially if one has never like to wrestle with. FRATERNITY seen a bullfight. But once exposed to the WELCOMES real thing, one aproaches bullfight literaLambda Chi: "Would you call for ture with the same reservations with which FRESHMEN one aproaches, say, for example, fairy help if I tried to kiss you?" - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ' tales, folk lore, and Russian propaganda.


Chi-0: "Do you need help?"

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