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Issue Nine

Marchador Quarterly

April 2019

MARCHADOR QUARTERLY The Official Publication of the USMMA, Mangalarga Marchador Association for North America

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Issue Nine

Marchador Quarterly

April 2019

THE USMMA MISSION The vision of USMMA is to provide leadership for establishing and promoting the Mangalarga Marchador horse breed in North America, encouraging the pursuit of excellence in bloodlines, and the welfare of its human and equine participants. The USMMA is the recognized affiliate of the Brazilian Mangalarga Marchador Association, the ABCCMM.

Our mission is to: • Inspire and encourage interest in the Mangalarga Marchador breed. • Provide a registration body to insure the purity of the breed. • Publish a breed standard consistent with the Brazilian standard of the ABCCMM. • Encourage participation and cooperation among breeders, owners, trainers and other equine professionals in support of the Mangalarga Marchador and the USMMA goals. • Affiliate and coordinate with other organizations and associations in support of the vision and mission of the USMMA.

Join us to learn more about the Marchador breed! Join us to promote the Marchador breed! Join us to register your horse! Join us to connect with other Marchador owners! To become a member: http://www.namarchador.org/membership/ member/ Questions: The USMMA Board Members and Committee Chairs are here to answer them. Contact us through our website http://www.namarchador.org/contact-us/ or directly to the President Jeffrey Bosley at paboz24@gmail.com.

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Table of Contents 5 USMMA News 5 USMMA - Updates from the OďŹƒce 6 Save the Dates - August Montana Cavalgada & ABCCMM Inspection; November Equine Aaire Submissions to the Marchador Quarterly send directly to Tresa Smith, PhD, MM owner and breeder at montanamarchador@gmail.com USMMA Board Members Jeff Bosley, President paboz24@gmail.com Cathy Pierce, Vice President, cpierce@stx.rr.com Tia Nelson, Secretary drnelson@valleyvethelena.com Lynn Kelley, Treasurer lynnkelley@me.com

8 Member News 8 Memorials - Frevo da Camaq, Rubia da Palmeira 9 New Stallions, New Genetics from Brazil by Lynn Kelley

12 Features 12 Ask Tia! Question about Choke in Horses by Tia Nelson

Forms and Directories 15 Transfer Registration Form Info 16 From the editor and publisher

Aline Greene, magiadabrisa@icloud.com Jake Martinez, jacobmmartinez@aol.com Rick Schatz, rick.schatz@yahoo.com Technical Boards Randy Conilogue, Registrar, drrlc@aol.com Colin Fallwell and Lynn Kelley, website Tia Nelson DVM, drnelson@valleyvethelena.com

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USMMA NEWS Updates from the Office USMMA 2019 ANNUAL MEETING

REPORTS AND GOALS

Annual Meeting - The USMMA Annual Meeting was held on Sunday April 7th. Members were invited to participate via conference using ZOOM. The full report on the association is attached in this journal distribution email. Please contact Jeff or your local Board Member if you have questions. New Transfer Form - There is a new electronic form to communicate the transfer of a horse to the USMMA via the website. http://www.namarchador.org/registration-transfer-form/ A sample of the form is shown in this journal under the FORMS and DIRECTORY section. We hope this makes the transfer process much easier for our members! Member Benefit - Coat Color Testing - Did you know that USMMA members receive a discounted price from UC Davis for this feature if ordered from the USMMA? No need to pull more hair as your Marchador’s DNA is already on file there! Coat Color Panels: Red Factor & Agouti and/or White Pattern Single Tests: Agouti, Cream, Dominant White, Dun, Gray, Red Factor, Roan, Tobiano, Most color assignments can be correctly made based on physical appearance alone. The basic coat colors of chestnut, bay, brown and black horses are controlled by two genes: Extension or Red Factor (E) and Agouti (A). The Red Factor (E) controls the production of red and black pigment. Agouti controls the distribution of black pigment either to a points pattern (mane, tail, lower legs) or uniformly over the body. The effects of other genes may modify these pigments to provide an array of colors. Please contact the USMMA Registrar Randy Conilogue drrlc@aol.com if you wish to order a color test. This option is also available as a check box on the FOAL REGISTRATION FORM on our website.

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MONTANA - USMMA Cavalgada and ABCCMM Inspection AUGUST 15-18! ! The USMMA is planning a multi-day event at Haras Vista da Serra, located near Helena Montana. Tia Nelson, DVM has offered her beautiful ranch for the venue. There will be opportunities for education, riding and social gatherings. More information will be coming your way about costs, hotels, and details as the days are developed! You do have an opportunity to bring your own horse to ride or to put your name in to be a rider on one of the available MMs at the event. • August 15 - arrival and start of ABCCMM inspection If you have never seen an ABCCMM inspection, it is a worthwhile and valuable learning experience. Foals and 3 years olds are inspected by ABCCMM inspector George Vilar.

• August 16 - more arrivals and finish of ABCCMM inspection. Perhaps demos of selected MMs. Social event that evening. • August 17 - meet and match the Marchadors and riders. Cavalgadas during the day (there may be multiple rides) Cavalgada means long rides, but we may plan some easier, shorter rides as well. Breakfast on your own, but lunch will be provided. Social event that evening. • August 18 - Wrap-up, departures. 
 For more information now, contact the event committee chairs Tia Nelson drnelson@valleyvethelena.comand or Cathy Pierce cpierce@stx.rr.com.

MASSACHUSETTS Equine Affaire NOVEMBER 7-10 The USMMA will have a large booth and a demonstration Marchador at the booth and in the show. Thomas Marcos of Tom’s Horsemanship will present Rio Dulce de los Cielos at the show. This is a great show and a wonderful opportunity to expand the breed. We need volunteers to man the booth! Please contact Jeff Bosley paboz24@gmail.com or Lynn Kelley lynnkelley@me.com to sign up to help. 6


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MEMBER NEWS Memorials- Tributes to Horses Lost in 2019 Editors Note: Memorials We decided to add a feature to the journal - a memorial section to pay tribute to the Marchadors who died. Unfortunately, this idea was inspired by the deaths of my own horses who were featured in the winter edition. We see it as a section where we can honor our noble horses and record their contributions to the development of the MM breed. Frevo da Camaq: Tia Nelson, DVM, Haras Vista da Serra Born 9-22-1991, Frevo left his mark on the Mangalarga Marchador population in the US and Canada with over 30 offspring after this year’s foal crop. Imported around 2004, he was owned by several owners and breeding farms, starting with Premier International, Ocala FL and staying in Florida with Marchador Manor (Carol Long) then to Tranquility Farm (Michael Holloway). However, he moved in 2015-6 to Montana to become the main stallion of Haras Vista da Serra. Loved by all who met him, Frevo had a wonderful gait and disposition which he passed on to his offspring. They are located in many states and provinces. They are: Empiro and Gabriela do Premier, Fulgor Por do Sol, Bella Duquesa, Cheveyo, Cassandra and Doce Vida do MManor, Terra do Saint Horse, Yansa inMotion, Crensa and Sabela do Tranquility, Utopia do Sublime, Ajax, Amante, Amelia, Alvorada, Alexandra, Aries, Bottino, Brian, Beleza, Calypso, Cervantes, Clyde, Dominio and Dancarina Vista da Serra, with 6 more due this year at Haras Vista da Serra. Rubia da Palmeira (RIO) : Susan Spear Born 1-11-1996 Imported in 2004 by MM Horse Farms of Miami Florida to be a breeding stallion here. However, the treatment given to him to enable importation had a disastrous consequence and he arrive here sterile. The son of renowned stallion Haity Caxumbuense, Rubia would added much to our genetics. Instead, as a gelding, he’s known 8


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wonderful homes and owners with the Guerra family in Florida, Barbara Cross in California and Susan Spear in New Mexico. Despite his age, Rubaia was a wonderful riding horse, with energy and spirit and a fabulous picada or center gait. His loss is mourned by many who met or rode him. It is an experience we will not soon forget.

MEMBER NEWS More Choices for Breeding - Frozen Semen Update - by Lynn Kelley Late in 2018 and early in 2019, Summerwind Marchadors received new shipments of frozen stallion semen from Brazil. Two shipments arrived intact and viable; one shipment was not. Arriving in 2018 was a shipment from Agro Maripa, a Mangalarga Marchador breeder of more than 40 years. Agro Maripa has produced a genetic line of Mangalarga Marchadors that can best be described as sport horses. Maripa horses are a blend of Abaiba, Herdade and Bela Cruz bloodlines, although each horse may have more of less of one of the bloodlines. Maripa’s breeding program is now proven on long rides (cavalagadas) and sporting events like working equitation, the newest sport for the Marchador in Brazil. Each individual stallion is known, trained and ridden by Marcelo personally and tested with one season of production before the decision is made to use them as a breeding stallion. Stallions in that shipment are: • • •

Arun de Maripa (black bay) Favacho Diamante x Violeta de Maripa Fole de Maripa (grey) Favacho Diamante x Fulli de Maripa Farrapo de Maripa (grey) Stradivarius HO x Arena de Maripa

In January 2019, we were happy to receive the Brazilian breeders that visited us with their shipment of frozen semen! It was a 9


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wonderful fun-filled weekend capping off several years of effort to get the semen here from a new state - Bahia! Our thanks to Carlos Avena, Juliane Avena from Haras Avena, Paulo Novoa, Ana Paula Novoa from Haras do AP, Laura Patterson Rosa, University of Florida PhD candidate and Caroline Lisboa, our Brazilian vet and consultant, who never gave up in this multi-year, international effort. Haras do AP competes their MM horses in the show ring winning often. Violeiro do Riomar has won 3 national titles!. Paulo is constantly searching to improve his production and his newest foal crops exceed previous ones. Violeiro provided the base he is building upon. Haras Avena brought Carnaval Sao Lourenco, a stallion owned in condominium. His background is mostly J.B. with some Favacho. Other lines like Tabatinga and Herdade are represented but not prominent. In 2017, Carnaval was named among the top 3 picada-producing stallions in Brazil. One shipment arrived here not viable. It was the effort of Haras Elfar who had previously shipped Talisma Kafe, a black tobiano stallion. Universal Elfar is the son of Favacho Estanho x Mereilles Jamaica, two of my favorites. While a real set-back and loss, all parties are willing to try again to import his semen. Watch for more news in 2019! From our efforts of importing frozen semen, there are now the following 17 MM foals/horses now adding new genetics to our existing pool of Marchadors here in North America. From Oma de Maripa - 2 - Gaia and Jewel do Summerwind From Ximoio de Maripa - 1- Hawke do Summerwind From Talisma Kafe - 8 - Canadian Regente; Imperio, Jedi-Knight and Luna do Summerwind; Bonita, Apache and Cheyenne do High Country and a “do High Country foal just born in 2019. From Arun de Maripa - 4 - Gemini and Gizelle do Dreamcatcher; Leia and Nandor do Summerwind From Fole de Maripa - 2 - Nola do Summerwind and a 2019 “do Dreamcatcher” foal yet to be born. From Violeiro do Riomar - 1 mare bred, but not yet confirmed pregnant for 2020. 10


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FEATURES ASK TIA! by Tia Nelson, DVM, Hara Vista da Serra Question: My horse recently suffered choke. I have never even heard of choke. I didn’t know what to do. Please describe what happens and what the horse needs if it happens again. An example from Tia:

The pretty buckskin mare flexed her neck and grunted with pain. The green slimy mucus from her nostrils told the story of the esophageal choke she suffered from. Mary, her owner, said, "I called as soon as I saw Dannie struggling to swallow. We just started on this new pelleted ration and she dove right in. I think she likes it a lot! But then she stopped eating and started trying to swallow. Then this icky green drool came from her nose. Can you help her?" I listened to the mare's heart and lungs. They were clear so far but she had increased heart rate and respiratory rates because of pain. I sedated her to help calm her and to keep her head low. The big problem after a choke can be deadly pneumonia from the debris that the horse can aspirate into its lungs; keeping her head low allows the mucus and feed to run out her nostrils and not down the trachea into her lungs. Sedation sometimes relaxes the esophagus enough that the horse can swallow what it's choking on. I also started her on injectable antibiotics in case she has aspirated any contamination. Dannie continued to struggle to swallow but her head was low from the sedative and the green mucus ran freely out her nostrils. Oxytocin, a medication more frequently associated with reproduction, is commonly used to help relax the esophagus and, since Dannie was not pregnant, this was given IV along with Buscopan, a spasmotolytic drug that also helps relax the esophagus. Dannie continued to struggle with trying to swallow.

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I then passed a naosgastric tube through her left nostril and into her esophagus. The obstruction could be easily palpated about halfway down on the left side of her neck and the tube was advanced gently to try to move the mass of pelleted feed. The feed refused to budge. I kept Dannie's head low with more sedation as needed and ran warm water into her esophagus. The water with bits of pelleted feed ran out her nostrils. She snorted to dislodge it from her sinuses. Gentle pressure with the tube against the feed obstruction and careful lavage with warm water continued for about 20 minutes. Suddenly the tube moved past where the obstruction had been and slid into Dannie's stomach. I breathed a sigh of relief; some chokes last many hours and some horses don't ever resolve the choke and are humanely euthanized. Dannie recovered with no lasting ill effects. Choke in horses is in the esophagus, not the trachea as in humans, and is quite painful. The problems following a choke episode include aspiration pneumonia which is why most horses with choke are given antibiotics, a stricture at the site of the choke which may take several weeks to show up, and colic like symptoms from the pain associated with the stretched esophagus. It is considered to be an emergency and requires immediate veterinary attention and possibly follow up care or referral to an equine medical center. Happily, by the next day Dannie was perfectly fine and Mary was very relieved. Mary started putting several large smooth stones in Dannie's feed pan to slow her eating down a bit. Soon the fetching glossy buckskin and her owner were trail riding again. About the Author: Tia Nelson, DVM has served on the USMMA Technical Board as our resident veterinarian for many years. A life-time member, currently, she is also on the Board of Directors as Secretary. Tia graduated from CSU College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and has managed her own practice in Helena, MT for over 15 years. She and husband, Derek breed Mangalarga Marchador horses on their ranch in MT under the breeding name Vista da Serra. 13


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FORMS & DIRECTORIES Registration Transfer Form Transfer of the Registration document from one MM owner to another MM owner. Registration documents are not proof of ownership. Your Name* First Last
 Email Name of Marchador to be Transferred*
 Should be the entire name, like Piñata de Miami or Herdade Cadillac. Report a change in Color to the USMMA Registrar Report a change in Markings or Brands to the USMMA Registrar
 A horse that has turned grey may no longer show marking. Brands can be added.
 If previously a stallion or colt, has the horse been gelded? Transfer to New Owner* First Last
 Mail Address for New Registration DocumentStreet Address
 Address Line 2
 City
 State / Province / Region
 ZIP / Postal Code
 Country
 Method of Payment $10 for Members ; $20 for non-Member Paypal
 Check via mail Please send photos of the front and back of the USMMA Registration Document Drop files here or If you cannot find your USMMA Registration document, you will need to report that to the USMMA Registrar. Multiple Owners
 If there is shared ownership of this Marchador, please explain how this should be recorded. Also, write the information of all the owners and addresses in this block.
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From The Editor, Tresa Smith and Publisher, Lynn Kelley Enjoy your Spring edition of the USMMA Journal. For the Summer edition, we would like to feature the Marchador FOALS from 2019! Please submit your MM photos! Please submit stories about your MMs! Please send us questions for our resident vet, Dr. Tia Nelson or any of your USMMA board members! We hope to publish quarterly, January, April, July and October. One of the things we hope to do with this publication is to feature the diversification of how the Marchador is used with real life examples. SubmissionDeadlines: SPRING: March 30 SUMMER-June 30: FALL: September 30 and WINTER: December 31. To send in submissions, email the Journal Editor - Tresa, montanamarchador@gmail.com

Happy Trails, Tresa and Lynn

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