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United States Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture

The Federal Research Portfolio Available to Support the Canola Industry Jeffrey J. Steiner National Program Leader, USDA-NIFA Catherine Ronning Program Manager, DOE-Office of Biological and Environmental Research Roy Scot National Program Leader, USDA-ARS


Canola Development, Production, and Utilization Value Chain

Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education

AFRI Agricultural Systems and Technology

Supplemental and Alternative Crops Research (Canola)

Food Industry Processed Oils

Certification

Production

AFRI Plant Health and Production and Plant Products USDA-DOE Feedstock Genomics for Bioenergy Program

Harvest

Livestock Feeds

AFRI Critical Agricultural Research and Extension

Minor Crop Pest Management Program (IR-4)

AFRI Bioenergy, Natural Resources, and Environment

Processing

Protein Meals Biomass Research and Development Initiative

USDA-NRCS Conservation Innovation Grants

eXtension

Small Business Innovation Research Grants (SBIR)

Biofuel & Bioproducts

AFRI Food Safety, Nutrition and Health AFRI Animal Nutrition, Growth and Lactation AFRI Sustainable Bioenergy and Bioproducts

USDA Rural Development Programs


USDA-DOE Plant Feedstock Genomics for Bioenergy: an Overview U.S. Canola Association Annual Research Meeting 27 February 2017 Washington, D.C.

Catherine M. Ronning, Ph.D., Program Manager DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research Biological Systems Science Division

Office of Science

Office of Biological and Environmental Research


DOE Biological & Environmental Research (BER): Missions • Understand complex biological, climatic, and environmental systems across spatial and temporal scales. • BER provides the foundational science to: – Support the development of biofuels as major, secure, and sustainable national energy resources – Understand the potential effects of greenhouse gas emissions on Earth’s climate and biosphere and the implications of these emissions for our energy future – Predict the fate and transport of contaminants in the subsurface environment at DOE sites – Develop new tools to explore the interface of biological and physical sciences

US Canola Assoc Feb 2017

Department of Energy • Office of Science • Biological and Environmental Research


DOE Genomic Science Program Research: Sustainable Bioenergy Production DOE mission-driven fundamental biological research aimed at accelerating the development of clean and sustainable energy solutions: •

Bioenergy Research Centers (BRCs)

Systems Biology for Bioenergy

Plant Feedstocks Genomics

Biosystems Design

Carbon Cycle/Environmental Microbiology

Computational Biosciences

Sustainability Research for Bioenergy

http://genomicscience.energy.gov/strategicplan/index.shtml US Canola Assoc Feb 2017

Department of Energy • Office of Science • Biological and Environmental Research


USDA DOE Plant Feedstock Genomics for Bioenergy Joint competitive grants program initiated in 2006 • DOE Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) • USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) • Goal: Genomics-based research leading to improved use of biomass and plant feedstocks for the production of fuels such as ethanol or renewable chemical feedstocks Program Managers: Cathy Ronning (DOE BER) Jeff Steiner (USDA NIFA)

US Canola Assoc Feb 2017

http://genomicscience.energy.gov/research/DOEUSDA/ index.shtml

Department of Energy • Office of Science • Biological and Environmental Research


USDA-DOE Joint Program supports basic research: Regulation of: • gene networks • proteins • metabolites Comparative genomics Systems biology Integration of genomics and traditional approaches

US Canola Assoc Feb 2017

Department of Energy • Office of Science • Biological and Environmental Research


…and leverages the DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI) to accomplish goals JGI Mission: Enable advances in energy and environmental science by providing access to state-of-the-art genomic capabilities in support of the US Department of Energy’s national research agenda JGI Vision: To evolve into a next-generation genome science user facility developing and applying genomics capabilities in support of solving the most pressing worldwide energy and environment challenges

US Canola Assoc Feb 2017

Department of Energy • Office of Science • Biological and Environmental Research


The program scope has evolved: 2006-2007: Regulatory mechanisms of lignocellulose and cell wall maintenance – Genetic markers, Genome organization; Model plants 2008: Regulatory mechanisms necessary for feedstock manipulation; Sustainability and environmental stress 2009-2010: Regulatory networks: carbon partitioning and nutrient cycling 2011-2012: Phenotyping for gene/allele discovery; Phenomics 2013-2014: Complex interactions with environment; Regional adaptation; Addition of oilseed crops 2015-2017: Plant disease resistance; Oilseed crops US Canola Assoc Feb 2017

Department of Energy • Office of Science • Biological and Environmental Research


Current Plant Feedstocks Program Funding by Crop (2014-2016) Brachy

Switchgrass $3.0 M Sorghum $5.3 M Populus $3.9 M

Camelina

Camelina $3.7 M

Field pennycress Miscanthus Brassicas Poplar Saccharum Salix Sorghum Switchgrass

US Canola Assoc Feb 2017

Department of Energy • Office of Science • Biological and Environmental Research


Over 10 Years of Bioenergy Feedstocks Research: -

Brachypodium: Reference genome sequence; T-DNA mutants; miRNAs; phenomic analysis

-

Switchgrass: Genome structure, linkage maps; SNPs, GBS, GWAS analysis; metabolomics and winter hardiness

-

Populus: Lignin biosynthetic pathway; developmental gene regulatory hub/subnetworks; epigenomics, metabolomics

-

Sorghum: Lignin biosynthetic pathway; SNP map

-

Miscanthus: Genetic maps; rhizome physiology; population structure

-

Plant-microbe interactions: AMF colonization of Brachy; B. phytofirmans promotes growth in switchgrass

US Canola Assoc Feb 2017

Department of Energy • Office of Science • Biological and Environmental Research


Funded Oilseed Projects: FY14: • M. David Marks, U Minnesota: “Advancing Field Pennycress as a New Oilseed Biodiesel Feedstock That Does Not Require New Land Commitments” • John McKay, Colorado St U: “Biofuels in the Arid West: Germplasm Development for Sustainable Production of Camelina Oilseed” FY16: • Ana Alonso, Ohio St U: “Development of Resources and Tools to Improve Oil Content and Quality in Pennycress” • Jack Brown, U Idaho: “Developing Non-Food Grade Brassica Biofuel Feedstock Cultivars with High Yield, Oil Content, and Oil Quality Suitable for Low Input Production Dryland Systems” • John Dyer, USDA ARS Maricopa AZ: “Genomics and Phenomics to Identify Yield and Drought Tolerance Alleles for Improvement of Camelina as a Biofuel Crop” • Chaofu Lu, Montana St U: “Systems Biology to Improve Camelina Seed and Oil Quality Traits” US Canola Assoc Feb 2017

Department of Energy • Office of Science • Biological and Environmental Research


Thank you! Questions? http://genomicscience.energy.gov http://genomicscience.energy.gov/research/DOEUSDA/index.shtml

Catherine M. Ronning, Ph.D., Program Manager DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research Biological Systems Science Division

catherine.ronning@science.doe.gov Office of Science

Office of Biological and Environmental Research


USDA-ARS Canola Research Projects

Akron, CO – Development of wheat quality, wheat based crop production systems and alternative bioenergy crops for the Central Great Plains

Maricopa, AZ – Impact of bioenergy crops on pests, natural enemies and pollinators in agricultural and non-crop landscapes

Fargo, ND – Genomics based approach for identifying genetic traits and markers linked to disease resistance in Brassica spp.

Maricopa, AZ – Molecular genetic analysis of abiotic stress tolerance and oil production pathways in coton, bioenergy and industrial crops

Fargo, ND – Characterizing resistance and pathogenicity genes associated with infection B. napus by S. sclerotiorum

Pullman, WA – Biology and biological control of root diseases of wheat, barley and biofuel brassicas

Pullman, WA – Cultural practices and cropping systems for economically viable and environmentally sound oilseed production in dryland of Columbia Plateau

Pendleton, OR – Application of low-resolution pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for the measurement of oil content in whole seed and meal

Auburn, AL – Determination of residual effects of winter canola to soil characteristics and their impacts on sequential crops

Brookings, SD – Soil and crop management for enhanced soil health, resilient systems, and sustainable agriculture in the Northern Great Plains

Peoria, IL – Replacement of petroleum products utilizing off-season rotational crops

Madison, WI – Maximizing use of canola meal in dairy diets


United States Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Farm Bill Commodity Board Provision The 2014 Farm Bill (Section 7404) allows eligible national and state commodity boards to propose topics for research and outreach that they are willing to equally co-fund with NIFA through the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) competitive grants program. Eligible commodity boards are those which address an agricultural commodity and: • include a combination of promotion, research, industry information, or consumer information activities; • are funded by mandatory assessments on producers or processors; and • are designed to maintain or expand markets and uses for the commodity (as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture). Proposed topics must relate to the established AFRI priority areas to be considered for inclusion in future AFRI Requests for Applications (RFAs). htps://nifa.usda.gov/commodity-boards


United States Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture

FY2016 Commodity Board Topic Examples RFA/ Program Area

Submitting Board

Topic

Kansas Wheat Commission

Novel pre-breeding applications for quality enhancement in hard red winter wheat

Iowa Corn Promotion Board

Environmental influence on phenomics in crop improvement and production

Foundational/ Plant Breeding

$250,000

National Peanut Board

Drought tolerance and efficient use of water resources in peanut

Foundational/ CARE

$150,000

Food Security/Food Security

Board Commitment $500,000


United States Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Developing and Applying Knowledge through Private-Public Partnerships with NIFA

Industry/stakeholder workshops to define challenges, needs, and products

National research priorities and plan


Jeff Steiner jeffrey.steiner@nifa.usda.gov 202-734-1067 Cathy Ronning catherine.ronning@science.doe.gov 301-903-9549 Roy Scot roy.scot@ars.usda.gov 301-504-4670

Profile for Alison Lara

The Federal Research Portfolio Available to Support the Canola Industry  

The Federal Research Portfolio Available to Support the Canola Industry  

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