by Tom Bloxham MBE, Jonathan Falkingham, and Nick Johnson.
ÂŠ Urban Splash, 2011 Published by RIBA Publishing, 15 Bonhill Street, London EC2P 2EA ISBN 978 1 85946 396 3 Stock code 74717 The right of Urban Splash to be identified as the Author of this Work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Design and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission of the copyright owner. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data. A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. Printed and bound by Butler, Tanner & Dennis Ltd, Frome and London. While every effort has been made to check the accuracy and quality of the information given in this publication, neither the Author nor the Publisher accepts any responsibility for the subsequent use of this information, for any errors or omissions that it may contain, or for any misunderstandings arising from it. RIBA Publishing is part of RIBA Enterprises Ltd. www.ribaenterprises.com
When Tom met Jonnie Work talks A space, called home Places matter From old to new Royal William Yard, Plymouth Lister Mills, Bradford Chimney Pot Park, Salford Fort Dunlop, Birmingham MoHo, Manchester The Matchworks, Liverpool Midland Hotel, Morecambe Budenburg HAUS Projekte 2&3, Altrincham Rotunda, Birmingham 3Towers, Manchester Chips, New Islington, Manchester Park Hill, Sheffield Lakeshore, Bristol Saxton, Leeds Longlands, Stalybridge
5 7 23 39 51 52 60 66 74 82 88 94 102 108 114 120 128 136 144 152
Conclusion 159 Projects 160 The final word 164 Acknowledgements 166
Lakeshore is a Grade II listed 20th century icon, formerly known as the Imperial Tobacco Factory, Bristol’s monument to famous architect Mies van der Rohe. This building showed the confidence of the tobacco industry: building offices over a lake and importing the architects from Chicago. It was initially built in 1973 and designed by American architects Skidmore, Owings and Merrill. Its striking Cor-Ten structural steel frame, which has an 800-year design life, was left exposed on the exterior with the offices sitting inside the frame. Set within 4 ha (10 acres) of land, the building sits over a man-made lake, created as part of the original development. The site initially employed 1,000 office workers and 2,500 factory workers. It once included a restaurant, bank, post office, supermarket and cinema.
It had its successes but became run down in the 1980s and 1990s, ending up a graffiti-covered vandalised shell of a building. In 1991, the factory was largely demolished although the headquarters office building remained. Our plan was to bring it back to life, not only returning it to its 1960s modernist roots but adding contemporary features such as ground source heat pumps and an inflatable ETFE roof, and restoring the lake and natural habitat around it. It’s our greenest scheme to date, with an expected EcoHomes ‘excellent’ rating.
Project Location Sector Size Built Transformed Architect Partner
Lakeshore Bristol Apartments 4 ha / 286 homes 1973, former HQ of Imperial Tobacco 2012 Ferguson Mann Homes and Communities Agency
Jonnie ‘Our brief to the design team at Ferguson Mann was simple – to transform the existing site, its derelict building and overgrown landscape into a stunning example of urban living that included high-quality yet affordable residential accommodation, parking and an integrated landscape strategy.’
'The finishing touches are now being put to what is likely to be one of the most exciting residential developments seen in Bristol for more than a generation.' Bristol Evening Post
It’s the perfect natural setting for the most balanced of buildings. Where else can you live above a lake, with a countryside setting on your doorstep that includes allotments, fishing facilities, a picnic island, BBQs, an outdoor gym, an orchard and a boules court? We hope that the residents at Lakeshore will not only love their apartment, but will love what they will be a part of at Lakeshore. It’s a bit like its own country manor. The structure sits on a concrete plinth like a sculpture. The frame, an exoskeleton, is made of a special steel which is designed to oxidise on the outside, leaving the inside stronger. Tom ‘This building doesn’t need anything extra, so instead this is about what we’ve taken away. We’ve opened up a street through the middle of the building. This grand atrium lets air circulate and means that every apartment has a view on the outside too.’ As with the general site strategy, the design of the apartments was to take advantage of the ‘as found’ space rather than impose arbitrary design standards that bore no relation to the building and its qualities. The open plan nature of the apartments and the circulation space is as important a part of the scheme, to be enjoyed by those using the building rather than merely for ‘getting from A to B’.
'Hundreds of homes are being created and green technology, including geothermal boreholes for heating, an ETFE roof and recycling systems in each apartment, have helped the building achieve an "excellent" EcoHomes rating.' World Construction News
'Our canvas was the mighty Miesian structure set in a flowing landscape. We have remained true to the original whilst transforming it to create an inspiring sustainable living place. The result is down to great team work through challenging times.'
Designer George Ferguson Ferguson Mann
George Ferguson Ferguson Mann
Architects and designers Adjaye Associates Alison Brooks Architects Alford Hall Monaghan Morris Arkheion Austin-Smith:Lord BDP Ben Kelly Design David Morley Architects Dalton Maag De Metz Forbes Knight Design Studio DSDHA FAT Feix & Merlin Ferguson Mann Fielden Clegg Bradley Architects Flacq Foster + Partners Future Systems Gareth Hoskins Architects Gillespie Yunnie Architects Glenn Howells Grant Associates Hawkins\Brown Ian Simpson Architects Ice Architects Kinetic Latham Architects Levitate Architecture Make Matthew Heywood Maurice Shapero Architects NORD North Planit Project Orange Querkraft Q2 Reiach and Hall Richard Rogers Partnership Riches Hawley Mikhail Ryder Architecture shedkm SMC Alsop Snook Space Craft Stephenson Bell Studio 3 Studio Egret West Union North Weston Williamson
Photography and CGI's Adrian Burrows Andy Brown Ben Blackall Bristol Records Office Charlotte Wood Photography Daniel Hopkinson Duerden Collection Hugh Burden Jason Lock Joel Chester Fildes Jonathan Keenan Jonathan Moore Photography Karen Wright Len Grant Luke Unsworth Martin Crombie McCoy Wynne Associates Morley Von Sternberg Nic Gaunt Nick Hufton Paul Groom Peter Bennett Photography Price & Myers Plymouth Naval Base Museum Robert Whitrow Richard Cooper, Photoflex Simon Webb Shaw + Shaw Tim Smith Tom Benn Trevor Burrows Uniform Design Mhairi Smith, Urban Splash Printing Butler, Tanner & Dennis Ltd Publisher RIBA Publishing ÂŠ Urban Splash 2011
305 awards for design, architecture, regeneration and enterprise. We would like to thank everybody that has been a part of the Urban Splash story. There are too many of you to name individually but you know who are.
Contact Urban Splash Timber Wharf 16 - 22 Worsley Street Castlefield Manchester M15 4LD 0161 839 2999 www.urbansplash.co.uk
Transformation is available to purchase from the RIBA bookshop.
We've finally written the Urban Splash story in a new book published by RIBA. Called Transformation it is an illustrated history of our work...