Somalia UN Entities
United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), http://www.unsom.unmissions.org/ Acting on the recommendations of United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, the Security Council decided on 2 May 2013 to establish the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) by 3 June for an initial period of 12 months, providing the United Nations “good offices” functions — and a range of strategic policy advice — in support of the Federal Government’s peace and reconciliation process.
United Nations Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS): http://unpos.unmissions.org/ UNPOS was established on 15 April 1995 to advance the cause of peace and reconciliation through contacts with Somali leaders, civic organizations and the States and organizations concerned. UNPOS completed its mandate on 2 June 2013.
Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea: http://www.un.org/sc/committees/751/index.shtml UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) o Somalia: http://www.unocha.org/where-we-work/somalia o ReliefWeb (OCHA) - Somalia: http://reliefweb.int/taxonomy/term/216 o Integrated Regional Information Network (IRIN) - Somalia: http://www.irinnews.org/Africa-Country.aspx?Country=SO Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights - Somalia: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Countries/AfricaRegion/Pages/SOIndex.aspx Independent Expert appointed by the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Somalia: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/countries/so/mandate/index.htm Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict – Developments in Somalia: http://childrenandarmedconflict.un.org/countries/somalia/ International Maritime Organization (IMO) - Piracy and armed robbery against ships: http://www.imo.org/OurWork/Security/PiracyArmedRobbery/Pages/Default.aspx and http://www.imo.org/MediaCentre/HotTopics/piracy/Pages/default.aspx UN Development Programme (UNDP) in Somalia: http://www.so.undp.org/ UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) – Somalia: http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/page?page=49e483ad6 UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) - Somalia: http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/somalia.html UN Office on Drugs and Crime - UNODC and piracy: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/piracy/?ref=menuside World Food Programme (WFP) – Somalia: http://www.wfp.org/countries/somalia World Bank – Somalia: http://www.worldbank.org/somalia
Security Council Meetings on Somalia
2013: 24 July, 6 June, 2 May, 25 April, 6 March, 14 February Meeting records, press releases and resolutions: http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/resguide/scact2013_en.shtml 2012: 21 and 7 November, 31 and 16 October, 18 September, 25 July, 15 May, 5 March, 22 February, 11 January Meeting records, press releases and resolutions: http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/resguide/scact2012_en.shtml 2011: 13 December , 22 November, 31 and 24 October, 30 and 14 September, 10 August, 29 July, 24 and 21 June, 11 May, 11 April, 17 and 10 March, 25 and 14 January Meeting records, press releases and resolutions: http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/resguide/scact2011_en.shtml Earlier years: http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/resguide/scact2013_en.shtml
Selected UN Documents
Report of the Secretary-General on Somalia (S/2013/326, 31 May 2013): http://undocs.org/S/2013/326 Submitted pursuant to para. 29 of Security Council resolution 2010 (2011); covers major developments that occurred in Somalia during the period from 16 Jan. to 15 May 2013 and provides a final update on the implementation of the mandate of the UN Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS), ahead of its closure on 3 June 2013, and on planning for the deployment of the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) authorized under Security Council resolution 2102 (2013) of 2 May 2013.
Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to Security Council resolution 2020 (2011) (S/2012/783, 22 October 2012): http://undocs.org/S/2012/783
Submitted pursuant to para. 29 of Security Council resolution 2020 (2011); provides an update on major developments since the previous report of 25 Oct. 2011 (S/2011/662).
Report of the Independent Expert on the Situation of Human Rights in Somalia, Shamsul Bari (A/HRC/21/61, 22 August 2012): http://undocs.org/A/HRC/21/61
Describes developments in military, political and diplomatic spheres over the past one year, as well as the humanitarian and human rights situation in Somalia; then concludes with recommendations for the Government of Somalia and international community.
Special report of the Secretary-General on Somalia (S/2012/74, 31 January 2012): http://undocs.org/S/2012/74 Report of the Secretary-General on specialized anti-piracy courts in Somalia and other States in the region (S/2012/50, 20 January 2012): http://undocs.org/S/2012/50 Report of the Secretary-General on the protection of Somali natural resources and waters (S/2011/661, 25 October 2011): http://undocs.org/S/2011/661 Report of the Independent Expert on the Situation of Human Rights in Somalia, Shamsul Bari (A/HRC/18/48, 29 August 2011): http://undocs.org/A/HRC/18/48 Reports covers the period from Sept. 2010 to July 2011
Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in Somalia (S/2010/577, 9 November 2010): http://undocs.org/S/2010/577 Prepared in accordance with the provisions of Security Council resolution 1612 (2005); covers the period 31 May 2008 - 31 Mar. 2010.
Further documents: o Secretary-General's Reports: http://unpos.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=9711&language=en-US o Security Council Resolutions: http://unpos.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=9712&language=en-US o Security Council Statements: http://unpos.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=9713&language=en-US UN Member States on the Record: Somalia http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/unms/somalia.shtml
key documents related to its membership in the UN; statements made before the principal organs; draft resolutions sponsored; periodic reports submitted on Human Rights conventions, etc.
Selected Statements and Speeches by UN Officials
Secretary-General, Condemning 17 July Attack on Turkish Office Staff in Mogadishu, Expresses Hope It Will Not Weaken Support of Somalia’s Partners (SG/SM/15192-AFR/2672, 29 July 2013): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2013/sgsm15192.doc.htm Condemning lethal attack on UN Mogadishu Compound, outraged Secretary-General vows it will neither deter organization nor weaken resolve to stand by Somalia (SG/SM/15121AFR/2649, 19 June 2013): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2013/sgsm15121.doc.htm Somali people deserve international support in ‘historic mission’ to rebuild their lives, Deputy Secretary-General tells London Conference (DSG/SM/665-AFR/2613, 7 May 2013): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2013/dsgsm665.doc.htm Secretary-General condemns killing of Somalia’s Deputy State Attorney (SG/SM/14996AFR/26093, 30 April 2013): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2013/sgsm14996.doc.htm Secretary-General strongly condemns deadly Somalia terrorist attacks (SG/SM/14946AFR/2596, 15 April 2013): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2013/sgsm14946.doc.htm Secretary-General, gratified by reversal of alleged rape victim’s conviction, regrets that Somalia Appeal Court upheld verdict against journalist (SG/SM/14844-AFR/2576, 4 March 2013): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2013/sgsm14844.doc.htm Trial and sentencing of Somali journalist and alleged rape victim a serious blow to fight against sexual violence – Pillay (Press release, 6 February 2013): http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=12969&LangID=E Secretary-General, ‘deeply disappointed’ over jailing of alleged rape victim, urges Somalia to investigate sexual violence claims fully (SG/SM/14797-AFR/2509, 5 February 2013): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2013/sgsm14797.doc.htm Secretary-General hails Somalia’s important step as ministers take oath of office (SG/SM/14644-AFR/2474, 15 November 2012): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/sgsm14644.doc.htm Communiqué of Secretary-General’s Mini-Summit on Somalia (SG/2187-AFR/2450, 26 September 2012): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/sg2187.doc.htm Secretary-General strongly condemns deadly attack targeting new President of Somalia, Kenya’s Minister for Foreign Affairs (SG/SM/14506-AFR/2442, 12 September 2012): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/sgsm14506.doc.htm Congratulating Somalia’s new President, Secretary-General urges expeditious appointment of accountable, inclusive government to begin peacebuilding (SG/SM/14502-AFR/2438, 11 September 2012): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/sgsm14502.doc.htm Secretary-General, welcoming inauguration of Somalia’s Federal Parliament, urges new chapter in Nation’s history after 20-year wait for peace (SG/SM/14474-AFR/2434, 21 August 2012): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/sgsm14474.doc.htm Secretary-General, concerned about delays in selecting new Somalia Parliament, says intimidation, coercion, corruption must not threaten transition (SG/SM/14462-AFR/2431, 14 August 2012): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/sgsm14462.doc.htm Secretary-General Welcomes Provisional Constitution in Somalia, but Given Today’s Suicide Attacks, Warns Terrorism Must Not Be Allowed to Reverse Gains (SG/SM/14439-AFR/2424, 1 August 2012): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/sgsm14439.doc.htm Secretary-General Says Interim Constitution Will Mark ‘Historic Starting Point’ for Somalia, Calls for Commitment to Long-term Assistance for Country (SG/SM/14326-AFR/2398 , 1 June 2012): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/sgsm14326.doc.htm In Istanbul, Secretary-General Urges World Community to Give Meaning to Conference ‘by Working for Our Vision of a Peaceful and Prosperous Somalia’ (SG/SM/14327-AFR/2399, 1 June 2012): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/sgsm14327.doc.htm Bold Agenda in Somalia, with no more time to ‘wait and see’, Secretary-General tells London Conference, urging donors still wavering to ‘get off the fence’ (SG/SM/14121-AFR/234223, 23 February 2012): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/sgsm14121.doc.htm Secretary-General Congratulates Somali Stakeholders on 17 February Political Agreement, Looks Forward to Full, Timely Implementation of Commitments (SG/SM/14116-AFR/2339, 21 February 2012): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/sgsm14116.doc.htm UN Somalia Political Office Relocates to Mogadishu, Demonstrating UN Commitment to Working alongside Somali People in Building Peace, Political Stability (SG/SM/14079AFR/2326, 24 January 2012): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/sgsm14079.doc.htm
With Insurgents under Pressure in Somalia, Military Strategy Must Be Aligned with Political Objectives, Secretary-General Tells Security Council (SG/SM/14019-SC/10480-AFR/2304, 13 December 2011): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2011/sgsm14019.doc.htm Secretary-General Welcomes Accord on Road Map for Ending Somalia’s Transitional Period as Step Forward in Implementation of Djibouti Peace Process (SG/SM/13777-AFR/2241, 7 September 2011): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2011/sgsm13777.doc.htm Famine in Somalia, by Ban Ki-moon (Op-ed in ModernGhana.com, 21 July 2011): http://www.un.org/sg/articles/articleFull.asp?TID=125&Type=Op-Ed Secretary-General welcomes signing of ‘Kampala Accord’ between Somalia’s President, Parliamentary Speaker, urging swift implementation (SG/SM/13631-AFR/2191, 10 June 2011): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2011/sgsm13631.doc.htm Secretary-General, at Extraordinary African Summit on Security Issues, stresses need for continued attention to Côte d’Ivoire, Sudan, Somalia, Libya (SG/SM/13599-AFR/2187, 25 May 2011): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2011/sgsm13599.doc.htm Holistic Anti-piracy efforts must be woven into overall solution for Somalia, Secretary-General tells Conference on Regional Responses to Global Threats (SG/SM/13511-AFR/2165, 18 April 2011): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2011/sgsm13511.doc.htm Somalia needs aid to counter violence, piracy, drought as end of transition period approaches, Secretary-General tells Security Council (SG/SM/13433-SC/10195-AFR/2134, 10 March 2011): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2011/sgsm13433.doc.htm With reported heavy fighting in Somalia, Secretary-General deplores human cost of conflict, calls for redoubled efforts to restore peace (SG/SM/13417-AFR/2123, 25 February 2011): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2011/sgsm13417.doc.htm Secretary-General, at High-level Meeting on Somalia, calls for decisive action in implementation of priority transitional tasks (SG/SM/13380-AFR/2111, 31 January 2011): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2011/sgsm13380.doc.htm Secretary-General's "off-the-cuff" remarks: http://www.un.org/sg/offthecuff/archive.asp?cuff=1
Selected Articles in UN Journals
Somalia: Here to Help, Here to Stay . . . (Politically Speaking - Bulletin of the United Nations Department of Political Affairs, Summer-Fall 2013): http://www.un.org/wcm/webdav/ site/undpa/shared/undpa/pdf/Politically%20Speaking%20Fall%202013%20WEB.pdf Somalia Beyond the Roadmap (Politically Speaking - Bulletin of the United Nations Department of Political Affairs, Fall 2012): http://www.un.org/wcm/webdav/site/ undpa/shared/undpa/pdf/Politically%20Speaking%20Fall%202012.pdf Countdown from Mogadishu: Interview with Augustine P. Mahiga, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia (DPA E-News, July 2012): http://www.un.org/wcm/content/site/undpa/main/enewsletter/news0612_somalia Somalia’s Window of Opportunity for Peace (DPA E-News, February 2012): http://www.un.org/wcm/content/site/undpa/main/enewsletter/news0212_somalia Somali piracy: in search of remedies for a global malady / by Wanjohi Kabukuru (Africal Renewal Online, 14 January 2012): http://www.un.org/africarenewal/web-features/somalipiracy-search-remedies-global-malady Interview with Mark Bowden, UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia: The challenge in Somalia, as it has been in many other crises, is to keep hope alive (UN Newsmaker, 28 November 2011): http://www.un.org/apps/news/newsmakers.asp?NewsID=45 Turning the tide on Somalia? (Politically Speaking, Fall/Winter 2010 – 2011): http://www.un.org/wcm/webdav/site/undpa/shared/undpa/pdf/Politically%20Speaking%20Fall Winter%2020102011%20final.pdf Tackling piracy off African shores: More regional cooperation needed for peace and security / by Mary Kimani (Africa Renewal, Vol.22, No. 4, January 2009): http://www.un.org/africarenewal/magazine/january-2009/tackling-piracy-african-shores Another Opportunity for Somalia (Politically Speaking, Bulletin of the United Nations Department of Political Affairs, Summer-Fall 2008): http://www.un.org/wcm/webdav/site/undpa/shared/undpa/pdf/dpa_ps_2008_summer_fall.pdf
Communiqué on Somalia Mini-Summit (SG/2163-AFR/2040, 24 September 2010): http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2010/sg2163.doc.htm Informal Meeting of the General Assembly Plenary on Piracy, 14 May 2010, United Nations Headquarters: http://www.un.org/ga/president/64/thematic/piracy.shtml Audiovisual Library of International Law o The Resurgence of Piracy: A Phenomenon of Modern Times / by Helmut Tuerk: http://untreaty.un.org/cod/avl/ls/Tuerk_LOS.html o Security at Sea / by Rüdiger Wolfrum: http://untreaty.un.org/cod/avl/ls/Wolfrum_LS.html United Nations and Somalia (Information sheet prepared by the Peace and Security Section, Department of Public Information, November 2000) http://www.un.org/peace/africa/pdf/SOMALIA.pdf UNOSOM I - UN Operation in Somalia I (April 1992 - March 1993): http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/past/unosomi.htm UNOSOM II - UN Operation in Somalia II (March 1993 - March 1995): http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/past/unosom2.htm
Selected Non-UN Sources
AMISOM – African Union Mission in Somalia: http://www.africa-union.org/root/AU/AUC/Departments/PSC/AMISOM/amisom.htm Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia: http://www.thecgpcs.org European Union Naval Force Somalia (EU NAVFOR): http://www.eunavfor.eu/ NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organization o Counter-piracy operations: http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_48815.htm o Assisting the African Union in Somalia: http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_8191.htm Global Policy Forum - Somalia http://www.globalpolicy.org/security-council/index-of-countries-on-the-security-councilagenda/somalia.html Security Council Report – Somalia http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/somalia/
12 August 2013 not an official document – for information only http://www.unric.org/html/english/library/backgrounders/somalia_eng.pdf
Published on Oct 14, 2013