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Defending the First Amendment since 1911


Over 2,500 classified presidential daily briefs released from LBJ, JFK presidencies By Alexa Tavarez NEWS EDITOR @lexicanaa

The Central Intelligence Agency released over 2,500 highly classified daily briefs from the Johnson and Kennedy presidency Wednesday. CIA Director John Brennan and other top national intelligence officials gathered at the LBJ Presidential Library at the University of Texas to release the collection of day-to-day summaries



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of intelligence and analysis. The presidential daily briefs (PDBs) addressed the national security issues from 1961-1969 under Texas State alumnus Lyndon B. Johnson’s and John F. Kennedy’s presidential terms. “It is all here with the story of our time, with the bark off, ” Brennan said, quoting Johnson himself. The daily briefings are the first presidential PDBs to be released to the public. Brennan said PDBs from

the presidencies of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford will be released next year. “Public releases of historical significant documents like this don’t just happen,” said Joseph Lambert, director of information management services. “They require a great amount of collaboration and work.” Readers can find “sporty and eyebrow-raising” language in the collection of PDBs, Brennan said. In a daily brief prepared on Oct.

17, 1964 for President Johnson, PDB writers paralleled the disposal of Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev and former Yankee Coach Yogi Berra. “In the last few days the ax has been falling all over the world,” the document states. “Not only has it cut down such diverse figures as Khrushchev and Lord Home, but it has shown itself no respecter of either victor or vanquished. Both the Cardinal’s Johnny Keane and the


Yankee’s Yogi Berra have felt its edge.” Brennan said PDBs are a vital part of how the modern presidency and White

House operates. The documents have grown in length and sophistication.

See CIA, Page 2

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Lower AP scores may be accepted under HB 1992 By Exsar Arguello SENIOR NEWS REPORTER @Exsar_Misael

Future Bobcats may receive more college credit from Advanced Placement exam scores than before due to lower requirements implemented by new legislation passed by the 84th Texas Legislature. House Bill 1992, passed this spring, grants higher education institutions the option to lower AP score requirements. According to the bill, the departments of universities and colleges will have the discretion to lower AP score requirements. The House approved the bill April 16 and the Senate followed suit May 20. The bill became a law June 3, in time for the new school year. Eugene Bourgeois, provost and vice president of academic affairs, said the university’s departments have until Oct. 15 to decide whether or not they will change the AP score requirements. “I have asked academic units for those departments that require a high score to do analysis on their academic success based on their AP scores,” Bourgeois said. “From the results that I have seen, some students who received a three on an AP test do better than students who don’t.” Currently, students who wish to receive credit for the university’s introductory level history courses must receive a minimum score of four on the AP history exam, Bourgeois said. A recent study conducted by the history department suggests students who receive a three on the exam tend to perform better on introductory courses than those who did not receive at least a three, Bourgeois said. “From what we’ve collected, it’s evident that these students are excelling more than those who didn’t take AP in high school,” Bourgeois said. The history department reported 80 percent of students who scored a three on the AP history exam passed History 1310 and 1320 with a C or higher, Bourgeois said. “I learned nothing from my (AP) classes and getting help from a college professor who has dedicated their life to a subject is a lot more helpful towards my education,” said Sarah Marshall, history sophomore.

See HP 1992, Page 2

Distinguished film director Robert Rodriguez speaks at a Common Experience Lecture Sept. 16 at Evans Auditorium.


Acclaimed film director speaks at LBJ Distinguished Lecture series By Anna Herod ASSISTANT NEWS EDITOR @annaleemurphy

Students and faculty packed Evans Auditorium Wednesday evening to listen to critically acclaimed screenwriter, film director and producer Robert Rodriguez deliver a speech for the Lyndon Baines Johnson Distinguished Lecture series. Rodriguez’s lecture was the first in an LBJ speaker series as part of this year’s theme “Bridged Through Stories:

Shared Heritage of the United States and Mexico, an Homage to Dr. Tomás Rivera.” This year’s Common Experience was named after Tomás Rivera, Texas State alumnus of the class of 1958. Rivera was recognized nationally as an author of Chicano literature and served as an educator until his passing in 1984. Rodriguez is the founder and CEO of El Rey Network and was involved in writing and producing The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lava-

girl, From Dusk Till Dawn, Desperado, the films of the Spy Kids franchise and more. As this year’s LBJ Distinguished Lecturer of the year, Rodriguez took the opportunity to talk about his experience in the film industry as a Hispanic. Rodriguez said he was shocked Hispanics were underrepresented in the mainstream film industry. Hispanics only made up two to three percent of the presence in front of and behind the camera, even though Hispanics


Utility fee ordinance for city beautification under review By Clayton Kelley NEWS REPORTER @Claytonkelley

A proposal to implement an additional utility fee for citizens and business owners was made at the Sept. 1 city council meeting. Amy Kirwin, coordinator for Keep San Marcos Beautiful, said the money collected through the fee would provide extra funding for environmental projects. “Keep San Marcos Beautiful is a great program which helps manage environmentally friendly projects and helps coordinate countless cleanup initiatives in the city of San Marcos,” Kirwin said. If approved by city council, the additional charge

would be enforced starting next January. Kirwin said businesses would be required to pay $5 toward the bill while residents would only be charged $1 if the utility fee was implemented. “I believe this proposition would be a great and well deserved one for the city of San Marcos,” Kirwin said. “City council has been discussing beautification for years and they haven’t really put very much money behind it.” The initiative began in 2009, but was never a recurring item on the city budget until last year, she said. “Last year, city council gave Keep San Marcos Beautiful $20,000 to help with the project,”

Kirwin said. “It was clear that this was not enough to accommodate all of the beautification initiatives that needed to be done in San Marcos.” After the proposal was made, city council members directed Kirwin to conduct research and form a detailed plan about how the fee would be implemented by the city. The Mural Arts Commission, a program encouraging the creation of mural paintings instead of graffiti, would receive funding from the fee as well, Kirwin said. “Ever ything is still currently in the works,” Kirwin said. “We have to figure out how we will as-


make up 17 percent of the nation’s population. He said when he pitched the idea for Spy Kids, the studio wanted to know why the family “had to be Hispanic” and worried the cast’s ethnicity would minimize the audience. “You don’t have to be British to enjoy James Bond,” Rodriguez said. “By making (the characters) specific, (the story) becomes more universal.” Rodriguez said if he wasn’t Hispanic he probably would

have “folded” and allowed the characters to be Caucasian actors instead. “I created a network called El Rey Network in order to get more talent in front of and behind the camera that could make those arguments like me,” Rodriguez said. The characters of the movie were based off of Rodriguez’s own family, he said. El Rey Network is in the business of “promoting more diversity and cultivating people’s voices.”



City Council candidate Melissa Derrick visits College Democrats Meeting By Lexy Garcia NEWS REPORTER @lexytg

Melissa Derrick, Place 6 city council candidate, attended Texas State’s College Democrats meeting on Wednesday evening. College Democrats formally endorsed Melissa Derrick unanimously. After eating pizza and distributing yard signs, Derrick took questions from students. When asked how she will keep people in San Marcos with the issue of gentrification, Derrick pointed to jobs. “We’ve got a regional economic development team working in conjunction with an incentives board,” Derrick said. “We’ve also got Amazon. The jobs have

decent wages with benefits, which is something San Marcos is seriously lacking.” Derrick proposed a $10 fee for public access to the San Marcos River to pay for river conservation efforts. “We need to attract the right kind of people than just a free-for-all,” Derrick said. “People can just drive up and jump out with a 12-pack and drink all day, sitting in the water.” Derrick said the $10 fee would attract a demographic that can afford to pay for access to the river. The fee would fund more trash receptacles and hire additional park rangers, she said. “Tourist dollars are big for us,” Derrick said. “With that tax revenue we can do

See DERRICK, Page 2

2 | Thursday, September 17, 2015


The University Star @universitystar

RODRIGUEZ, from front “So many people come up to me and tell me how much (the movie) meant,” Rodriguez said. “Especially if you’re Hispanic, because you saw yourself on the screen.” He believes his most successful movies had a Hispanic cast. “You don’t look at From Dusk Till Dawn or Machete or Spy Kids as Hispanic films, but they are,” Rodriguez

said. “They’re created by and starred in by Hispanic people, but they’re still universal.” Rodriguez said he started his own TV network because he wanted a place where Hispanics could build their own voices and have more diversity. Mayor Daniel Guerrero said he felt Rodriguez’s message about storytelling and understanding the relationship between Mexican and American

CIA, from front “Many of the changes have been driven by technology,” Brennan said. “The publication has changed in response to the habits of each president.” Brennan said Kennedy preferred a checklist format, stripped of intelligence and political jargon. Kennedy wanted it small enough to fit in his breast pocket so he could carry it around and refer to it throughout the day. When Johnson took office after Kennedy’s assassination, PDB writers had to start over in tailoring the daily briefings to the president’s preferences, Brennan said. “It became very clear Johnson wasn’t reading the checklist,” Brennan said. “He preferred to get his intelligence informally, in meetings and through conversation.” “LBJ requested his daily briefing delivered in the afternoon, oftentimes while in his pajamas and lying in bed,” Brennan said. Bobby Inman, former deputy director of Central Intelligence, said he hopes the release of Johnson’s daily briefings will offer insight into his presidency. “It wasn’t all just Vietnam,” Inman said. Peter Clement, deputy assistant director of CIA for Europe and Eurasia, said the compilation of documents re-

cultures was a “fabulous” way to start the Common Experience conversation. “Especially since (Rodriguez) is somebody who has a pioneer perspective of going to Hollywood, being a filmmaker and recognizing that when you look over the landscape, there are very few people who look like you,” Guerrero said. “It’s wonderful to be able to meet someone who displays

a portrayal of success to the next generation of Latino filmmakers.” Jorge Espinoza, exploratory freshman, said he grew up watching Rodriguez’s movies, and the lecture gave him a “boost of encouragement.” “I’m an aspiring filmmaker, and to see him and what he has done—going from making a $7,000 movie to owning a TV network now. . .proves

that anyone can do it,” Espinoza said. “Especially the fact that he’s Hispanic—there’s just that special connection right there that I have as a Hispanic myself.” Espinoza said he enjoyed the advice Rodriguez gave in the lecture. Espinoza has been unsure about his chance of success as a Hispanic. “There’s been times, especially these past four weeks

that I’ve been here, that I’ve started to doubt myself and wonder if I could make it,” Espinoza said. “As a Hispanic, sometimes I feel out of the loop, and to hear him give me this speech of, ‘You can do it,’ gives me hope to be able to achieve an A in my classes and just an A in life.”

thority to determine which introductory class the AP credit replaces, Bourgeois said. Chemistry is one of the departments that has already switched their score requirements, said Scott Trimble, testing center assistant director. They will allow a score of three to be adequate for credit starting this year. The physics department has decided to keep their score requirements at a four, Trimble said. Trimble expects

the department will be undergoing extensive research for the next academic school year to see if they may need to change its standards in the future. “Some of these scores are set at a four for a specific reason,” Trimble said. “What if departments lower its standards and all of sudden students are struggling in upper-level courses because they didn’t receive the right foundation in the intro-level

courses?” Trimble said the change could attract more students to the university who would receive more credit hours. “We expect to hear more departments reach out to us once the analysis is done, but until then we just have to wait and see for the results,” Bourgeois said. “We’re giving departments a deadline and if they fail to reach out, then the scores currently placed will stay the same.”

tin. “I think implementing this fee would be a positive move for any community.” Hannah Schneiderman, recreational administration senior, said she has been in-

aware litter is commonplace in the streets and the parking lots of apartment complexes. “If you pull into our street right now near Craddock, the amount of unnecessary

would be a positive change for the city. “I love San Marcos so much and I want to see its beauty exemplified,” Schnei-

HP 1992, from front minds the public of the “boiling cauldron” of challenges the president faces daily. “Reading this is almost of getting a mirror image of the president’s mind,” Clement said. Clement said he hopes historians notice Johnson wrestled with other international affairs while dealing with conflict in Vietnam. “Dominican Republic, the Congo, turbulence in the Middle East, Soviet and Communist adventurism throughout the developing world, political instability among allies in Europe and Asia, student unrest around the globe,” Clement listed off other occurring issues that arose while tensions in Vietnam increased. “These are a bracing reminder no issue is confronted or decision is made in isolation.” The daily briefing distributed to Johnson on Nov. 23, 1963—the day after Kennedy’s assassination—represents the “unfathomable challenges” inherited when Johnson assumed office, Clement said. “It takes only the briefest stretch of our imaginations to appreciate this was the new reality that faced LBJ,” Clement said. “These are not just academic interests but things he faces as being responsible for being the leader of the free world.”

Marshall failed to receive credit for her AP world history class because she received a three instead of a four on the test. “Obviously if I received credit I would be happy, but honestly, I’m happy I am taking the class I didn’t receive credit for,” Marshall said. “I think about the education I got in high school compared to college and it doesn’t even compare.” Departments have the au-

BEAUTIFUL, from front sess these fees and then we will look further on expanding other programs with this fee.” Kirwin said her experience in other cities inspired her to propose the bill. She said other cities like Austin and Fort Worth utilize similar “clean community fees.” “I was just at a conference in Fort Worth and was amazed at how clean the city was,” Kirwin said. “The whole city was clear of litter and the atmosphere there felt very inviting to me.” Memi Cardenas, public information specialist at Austin Resource Recovery, said every Austin citizen pays an extra $7.48 utility fee. The money collected through Austin’s utility fee funds environmental programs such as the Resource Recovery Center and citywide initiatives promoting litter-abatement and street sweeping, Cardenas said. Cardenas said the fee is a necessity and shared responsibility amongst Austin residents. “This fee is such a small price to pay for a big outcome,” said Oscar Garza, environmental compliance specialist in the city of Aus-


The Keep San Marcos Beautiful program has placed signs along the river indicating the preferred destination for waste products. volved with Keep San Marcos Beautiful and supports the proposal of the fee. Schneiderman, a resident of the Cedar Grove apartment complex, said she is

trash is just awful,” Schneiderman said. “It’s like someone’s whole living room is practically in the middle of the street.” Schneiderman said the fee

derman said. “If I can go to the river and not have to dodge cans or crude language spray painted on random places, then this proposal is so worth it.”

and resident of Austin, said the issue of gentrification comes down to defining San Marcos. “I’m 100 percent ‘Keep Austin Weird,’” Wellesley said. “I want San Marcos to have its own atmosphere.” Wellesley said Austin retains a unique atmosphere

while being commercially driven. “It needs an identity and doesn’t need to be a corporate robot,” Wellesley said. When asked about the new hands-free ordinance city council discussed at Tuesday’s meeting, Derrick said she respected ex-

ceptions for emergency use. “You can’t just start slapping $500 fines on people when the culture has been thus far for many years that you can use your cell phone in the car,” Derrick said. “Students can't afford that and most adults can’t afford that either.”

DERRICK, from front so many things to improve the city in so many ways.” Derrick said gentrification is an issue she continues to value, highlighting her previous volunteer efforts to preserve San Marcos neighborhoods. Wells Wellesley, a member of College Democrats

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Eight great date places in San Marcos By Lauren Friesenhahn LIFESTYLE REPORTER @littlelo1122

San Marcos offers a plethora of cuisine and outdoor adventure options for couples looking to escape their daily routine. Below is a list of fun ideas for a date with that special person.

Palmer’s Restaurant, Bar and Grill Palmer’s features a decorative outdoor courtyard surrounded by trees for those wishing to take advantage of the fall weather. Students searching for a more intimate setting can reserve a table inside. Kyle Easterling, Palmer’s manager, said the restaurant’s quiet atmosphere makes it the perfect date destination. “It’s definitely more intimate, you know, the environment is a little classier than some other places in town,” Easterling said. Easterling said Palmer’s makes their own specialty— infused tequilas—which include hibiscus, orange, strawberry and jalapeño flavoring to give any Bobcat over 21 the perfect dining experience.

The Hitch Students looking for a casual bite to eat should check out The Hitch, a food trailer park located in downtown San Marcos. Fred Varela, owner of The Patty Wagon, said the assortment of cuisines makes the food venue a great place to bring any date. “There’s a lot of other trailers here, and it’s a really nice

environment with many different types of food,” Varela said. “So when you come, you don’t have to just settle for one thing. You have a variety.”

Purgatory Creek Purgatory Creek is San Marcos’ go-to hiking destination. The natural park is known around town for peaceful views that would give any couple a date to remember. Todd Derkacz, San Marcos Greenbelt Alliance president, said there are many different areas in the park couples should experience. “Eventually, what is out there becomes background and you can just focus on what it is you want to do,” Derkacz said. “And initially you sit still and sit down in nature and just stop and start to hear what nature has to offer.”

Texas Cinema Showplace Texas Cinema Showplace is a popular and inexpensive movie destination for many students living on or near campus. Depending on the day, the theatre offers two to three showings at a time for $0.50-$2.00, according to their website. It is located on the Square and is located within walking distance from campus.

Triple Crown This San Marcos music staple boasts 6,802 consecutive days of live music, making it the perfect date destina-


The Hitch has been voted as one of the top ten date places in San Marcos. tion for couples looking for a night of dancing and singing. The venue also hosts a weekly open mic night every Sunday at 7 p.m. for couples feeling particularly adventurous.

Café Monet Couples searching for a unique date idea should look no further than Café Monet, a paint-your-own-pottery destination located on the Square. Aracely Suarez, paint specialist, said the studio allows customers to customize pottery, fused glass or a wooden plaque. Suarez said Café Monet is a great date location because it allows couples to see a whole

new side of each other. “You can get to know each other really well while also getting to see the creative side of each other, which is kind of hard to see whenever you go on a first date to a restaurant or anything like that,” Suarez said.

Valentino’s Pizza Love is the theme throughout Valentino’s, making it a popular date spot for students of any classification. Joe Krupa, Valentino’s employee, said most of the tables in the restaurant are designed to seat two people,

making it the perfect place to take your date. “It’s small, it’s intimate and it’s been around for a long time, so it has kind of an old school, laidback college town feeling,” Krupa said. “I feel like it is a good place for a first date or two.”

The University Galleries The University Galleries are located on campus within the School of Art & Design. Each space is used throughout the year to showcase student and faculty creations. Couples who live on campus and are

interested in seeing exhibits created by their peers should take a short walk to the galleries to see the artwork for free.


4 | Thursday, September 17, 2015


The University Star @universitystar


In regards to the ‘Greek Issue’ Due to the tremendous amount of response we received from our Sept. 14 Greek Issue’s Main Point, we thought it was only appropriate as an editorial board to address some concerns. First, it is important to understand what the Main Point is. The Main Point is the opinion of the newspaper’s editorial board. Columns, unlike articles, are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the full University Star staff, Texas State University Student Media, the School of Journalism and Mass Communication or Texas State. The Main Point is a concerted effort by the entire 10-person editorial board at the University Star. It is an editorial, which is meant to be biased and opinionated—not neutral and impartial. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the definition of an editorial is “a newspaper or magazine article that gives the opinions of the editors or publishers; also an expression of opinion that resembles such article.” The entire premise of an editorial like the Main Point is for us to take a stance on something as a publication. The newspaper is not a PR firm for Texas State, nor is it the University Star’s job to focus specifically on positive, inoffensive material. It is not the editorial board’s responsibility to praise organizations and events just because they are part of Texas State. After all, Texas


State officials do not govern over what the University Star publishes. The University Star is an independently student-run and operated newspaper. We have complete First Amendment freedoms—just as any other publication—to print columns and articles with impunity, so long as they are not libelous. Texas State cannot curb the University Star’s speech—no matter how seemingly unpopular or offensive—because they do not sign off on what is or is not printed in the campus newspaper. Journalism is known as the Fourth Estate. It is meant to balance and check institutions in power—this is the main reason the newspaper is a separate, independent entity from university. If the university controlled us, the newspaper would consist of nothing but press releases and free PR

for organizations and events in and around campus. Unfortunately, there is no opinion that exists without offending someone. As an editorial board we may have offended some students at Texas State, but as an editorial piece the Main Point is meant to elicit response and emotion—which it did. All subjective ideas lend themselves to critique, offense and partiality. We thank the students for exercising their First Amendment rights to let us know how they felt, just as we used ours to express topical opinions and viewpoints. There were also some issues with opinions stated in the Main Point, as some readers found them inaccurate or unfounded. While not all opinions have to be backed up or accurate, we think it is important to address a particular one— diversity.

Many students took to Twitter Sept. 14 and the days following to express just how diverse Panhellenic sororities and fraternities part of the Interfraternity Council are, citing pictures with a few non-white people as proof. However, the statistics do not back this up. While there is no official record of the racial and ethnic make-up of Greek organizations, there have been studies done on them. For example, according to a study conducted by Mississippi State University on Greek organizations across the country, white Greek letter organizations promote and perpetuate ethnocentric, exclusionary and prejudiced practices by the way they are structured and activities meant to maintain homogeneity. The in-depth research even found that when these white Greek organizations do enlist non-white mem-

bers to join, they are often met with subtle forms of stigmatization from other historically and perpetually white fraternities and sororities who see the addition of a non-white person as unideal. While our stereotype of white and blonde people was meant in jest, it was not taken that way. However, it was not without reason the comment was made. The research indicates that ethnocentrism and uniformity is a staple of the Greek community, for whatever reason. While it is important to focus on the philanthropy of Greek organizations, sometimes certain scandals and incidences of bigotry and ignorance can eclipse the good of an organization. Frankly, that has happened one too many times with Greek organizations across

campuses nationwide. While the stereotypes are not fair, they are an unfortunate part of Greek identity. The University Star employs people from all walks of life with varying views, including fraternities and sororities. Some even on our very own editorial board. Newspapers are not meant to uplift people, though that is an occasional and incidental consequence. Newspapers are meant to inform, educate and express information and views. If students feel like they have an opinion that can reshape discourse and exercise an otherwise unexpressed outlook, they should feel free to apply to work at the University Star or send in a letter to the editor, though we exercise the right to run and not run letters as we see fit.

The Main Point is the opinion of the newspaper’s editorial board. Columns are the opinions of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the full staff, Texas State University Student Media, the School of Journalism and Mass Communication or Texas State University.


FDA’s new guidelines raise concerns of previous food quality




he Food and Drug Administration is finally doing its job now that the agency has set firmer health guidelines for U.S. and foreign food manufacturers to cut down foodborne illnesses. Last week the FDA conjured up new rules against U.S. food manufacturers to prevent the amount of foodborne illnesses that occur yearly. Many Blue Bell consumers experienced emotional turmoil this year when their beloved ice cream was yanked off the shelves of stores. Thankfully for all of the Blue Bell lovers out there, the slow and steady redistribution of Blue Bell ice cream is currently in effect. However, an event like this is one tiny piece inside a whole puzzle of problems. The FDA came under fire for, once again, not catching a very harmful and even deadly illness before it hit the public. The Center for Disease Control reports one out of every six Americans get sick each year, 128,000 people are hospitalized and 3,000 die annually from foodborne illnesses.

The FDA’s entire purpose is to be the watchdog of the food industry and to make sure something like this does not happen. Their new regulations may be a step in the right direction, but I wonder why it took them until now to get their stuff together. The old FDA regulations called for an investigation of the companies only after cases of an outbreak surfaced and people started to get sick. Basically, their main purpose was not to prevent things from happening, but curb them from exacerbating. That concept is ridiculous. Luckily, the Food Safety Modernization Act redefines the antiquated standards the FDA used to have. Shifting from counteractive to proactive will benefit Americans everywhere, and hopefully it will not take the deaths of three people to remove a beloved ice cream from the shelves for outbreak issues. While the description of the act sounds fine, the actual proposals for change revealed these “new standards” should just be common sense. One of the new key requirements is a detailed step-by-step process on how covered facilities should be closely monitored. This prerequisite is a great step toward the prevention of foodborne illnesses, but it makes my stomach hurt at the thought that precautionary measures were not here before—or at least not to this extent. It is no wonder so many people are affected

The University Star Editor-in-Chief...........................................Kelsey Bradshaw, Managing Editor.......................Imani McGarrell, News Editor....................................................Alexa Tavarez, Sports Editor.............................................Quixem Ramirez, Lifestyle Editor.........................................Mariah Simank, Opinions Editor..........................................Brandon Sams, Multimedia Editor......................................Preslie Cox, Copy Desk Chief....................................Abby Marshall,

every year by foodborne illnesses. It seems like entities created to prevent and monitor the food industry were lazily doing their job. In fact, the FDA continued to let the U.S. and foreign corporations become breeding grounds of loosely regulated filth that continued to affect at least 48 million people a year. While people should congratulate the FDA on the improvements made to secure the health and wellbeing of Americans, it seems as if the agency has been slacking on its job for decades. New rules for citing guidelines regarding the quality and further testing of water used in food raise the question of how thoroughly tested the water sources used in farming and bottled distribution were before. If these measures were not implemented prior to these new guidelines, it is scary to think of the conditions many of the public’s products and produce were in before. For too long the FDA sat back and let greedy corporations oversee themselves, while they knowingly had health and production issues that were not up to par. No corporation should have the power to juggle the wellbeing and lives of the American people. Congratulations on the new guidelines, FDA, but I am watching you. —Sterling Wilmer is a sophomore and psychology major


The U.S. should take in and support more Syrian refugees

Monique Guerrero SPECIAL TO THE STAR


With a wave of more than 4 million Syrian refugees searching for shelter across the globe, it is up to the United States to lead the world in offering a helping hand to the battered, beaten and disenfranchised. The U.S. is considering accepting 8,000 refugees by 2016 and currently has only taken in 1,400. This revelation is a disgrace. Germany and Sweden have received from 64,000 to 99,000 asylum applications. The fact that countries the sizes of states admit more than 50 times as many people as the entirety of America currently allows is a shame to the beliefs that shape this nation. There is hesitance among first-world countries to accept Syrians, and America is no exception. After all, the top countries holding Syrian refugees are the ones that cannot handle much more and America has plenty of room to make up the difference. Lebanon and Turkey have already taken more than 1 million refugees each. These countries are bursting at the seams and truly need to limit their intake of refugees.

Without America’s help and cooperation from the U.S.’ fellow nations in good standing, these areas will continue to struggle with the rising amount of refugees they accept and are unable to properly provide for. American history provides evidence proving it is a far more welcoming nation to the weary refugee than its current, despicably low acceptance rates would lead the world to believe. For example, after the Vietnam War, the U.S. accepted more than 800,000 Southeast Asian war refugees. When all the other European countries had closed their doors, America stood tall with hers wide open. Now is the time to perform that same feat once more. America can handle so much more than we are offering now, but the fear of possible terrorism may be plaguing the minds of the U.S. government. However, these people are beyond oppressed. The last thing on their mind is an ulterior plan to overthrow the government. Their main concern is the safety of their families. Half of the refugees are children, for crying out loud. Syrian families fleeing their country are going through many trials just to get out, such as walking thousands of miles during the night, because of their inability to afford the high gas prices. The journey to a safe haven is no cheap expense. Not just any person can waltz through American borders either—there are thorough background

checks and processes preventing serious criminals and individuals with suspicious histories from circumventing the government’s overly cautious radars. Precautions have been put in place to prevent the very disasters many Americans fear. These Syrian refugees should not be looked at as potential threats, but as fellow humans in need of a loving home after the woes of war. The point is that America should not be so stingy with this place we call home. This is a country raised by immigrants, and no doubt one of the most diverse countries in the world. We accept about 70,000 refugees already—half of which already originate from East and South Asian countries—so why be selective now when it happens to be Syrians? It does not make sense. It is important to remember the inscription written on the Statue of Liberty, the epitome of American idealism. “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door.” It is time we heed these words once again. The tired, the poor, the huddled masses and the homeless are knocking on America’s door—let’s answer. —Monique Guerrero is a physics freshman 601 University Drive Trinity Building, Room 101 San Marcos, TX 78666

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The University Star is the student newspaper of Texas State University and is published every Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday of the spring and fall and every other Wednesday in the summer semesters. It is distributed on campus and throughout San Marcos at 8 a.m. on publication days with a distribution of 6,000. Printing and distribution is by the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung. Copyright Thursday, September 17, 2015. All copy, photographs and graphics appearing in The University Star are the exclusive property of The University Star and may not be reproduced without the expressed written consent of the editor in chief. The first five issues of each edition of the paper are free. Additional copies of the paper can be purchased at 50¢ per copy. Contact The University Star office at (512) 245-3487 to purchase additional copies.

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Thursday, September 17, 2015 | 5

The University Star

SPORTS @universitystar



In the first game of the season, the Texas State football team allowed 59 points and the offense scored 16. The opposite happened in the second game, with the offense scoring 63 and the defense allowing 24. This Saturday against Southern Miss, Coach Dennis Franchione anticipates a mixture of the two games with both offenses putting points up on the board in a track meet type football game. “I would think going into the game that there is going to be some points put up on the board by both of them,” Franchione said. “Both defenses are capable of getting them out of sync, but right now if you look at things, it’s a pretty good assessment to say.” Southern Mississippi scored 16 points against Mississippi State. The Golden Eagles like to run what Franchione calls “RPOs”, or run-pass-options. The base call is a run play, but the quarterback has the freedom to pull the ball and throw it behind the defense if the linebackers crash too quickly. The concept is essentially the same thing as a read option play. It highlights one player or a group of players in this case, and puts them in a position to highlight their strengths. Texas State replicates the same action with its uptempo spread offense. The

offense is designed to put defenders in a position of no return. It doesn’t matter what the defense decides, because they’ll make the wrong decision. Franchione did, however, say both defenses are capable of stopping the opponent’s offense. Nick Mullens, Golden Eagles junior quarterback, has 586 passing yards and four touchdowns through his past two games. On the flip side, he has thrown three interceptions. “The quarterback is a solid player,” Franchione said. “He throws a good ball. He’s thrown a couple into coverage, but all in all his two games against Mississippi State and Austin Peay last week have been pretty solid.” The Golden Eagles don’t just pass well, they also run the ball consistently. Offensive balance is key to this team. The passing stats are a tad better than the rushing stats, but the Golden Eagles run the ball often and well enough to keep the defense honest. In two games, Southern Mississippi has thrown the ball 84 times for 586 yards and run the ball 66 times for 341 yards. The Bobcats display a contrast in that they’ve thrown the ball 64 times and run the ball 83 times. However, Texas State’s production in terms of yardage has been more balanced than that of Southern Mississippi, with 586 passing yards and 341 rushing yards. The confidence and consistency of the offensive line

The Bobcats defeated the Prairie View A&M Panthers Sept. 12 at Bobcat Stadium for Texas State attributes to their balance to the offense. Robert Lowe and Chris Nutall, senior running backs, are crediting their success to the offensive line’s ability to open up holes for them. The confidence in the offensive line wasn’t always there. Just two years ago, when the teams played last, the offensive line was a point of question. “They were so frustrating to coach, but you knew they had potential and talent,”

Franchione said. “Their players were flashing so fast in front of them that they didn’t know what to do.” The last time Texas State and Southern Mississippi played, the struggles were prevalent. The Bobcats came away with a 22-15 comeback win. Texas State was down 1514 with 05:43 to go in the game after a 36-yard field goal by Corey Acosta, who was the Golden Eagles’ kicker at the time. It took a late game-


winning touchdown drive, capped off by a 17-yard run by Tyler Arndt, the quarterback who preceded Jones. Both teams are completely different now, two years removed from the last matchups. Jones was a freshman then, and didn’t see action until later in the year against Wyoming. The quarterback position has been Jones’ ever since. The Texas State offensive line is more established now than it was then.

However, Southern Mississippi isn’t the same team they were in 2013 either. “On the defensive line they have one from Miami, one from Kansas, a linebacker from Auburn, and one other D-lineman from Oklahoma,” Franchione said. “They’ve always played an aggressive defense and this team is no different. This is a lot better team than we faced two years ago by far. I think this is Coach Monken’s best team by far.”

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The University Star @universitystar


The season begins now STAR FILE ILLUSTRATION

By Quixem Ramirez SPORTS EDITOR @quixem For all intents and purposes, the Texas State football season hasn’t even started. The unofficial beginning of the season for the Bobcats is Sept. 19 against

the Southern Miss Golden Eagles. Just scratch out the first two games of the season. They didn’t happen. Basically. “These teams are a little more caliber with Sun Belt teams,” said Coach Dennis Franchione. “We’ll see. I

feel like (the season) does start now a little bit more.” As Franchione put it, Texas State played two teams on different ends of the spectrum in their first two games. He wasn’t kidding. Florida State, the ninth-ranked team in the country, beat Texas State by 43 points. The next week, Texas State defeated Prairie View A&M by 39 points. Which begs the question: If Texas State was David against Florida State’s Goliath, what does that make Prairie View A&M to Florida State? (Don’t answer that.) Here’s another question: How much do the statistics matter when Franchione is playing the second and third units in the second half? “If you look at statistics, I think they are kind of

meaningless at this point in time,” Franchione said. “Statistics should probably be measured from this week forward.” Perhaps the only stat that matters from the first two games is this: Franchione utilized 61 players against Prairie View A&M and 66 against Florida State. The players on the fringes of the rotation earned playing time in the second half. The starters, meanwhile, haven’t faced an opponent equal to their talent level this season. Enter Southern Miss. Texas State won 22-15 in the last meeting. Two years removed from the game, the teams are in the same tier. “Well, they better be looking forward to it because they’re going to be tested pretty hard this week,” Franchione said. “I think

this will be a heck of a game. This team we are about to play has a good chance to win a lot of games in their conference.” If there are any takeaways from the first two games, it’s on the offensive side of the ball. Franchione has a better grasp of offense’s capabilities, with the entire unit comprised of upperclassmen. Texas State’s first-team offense ran without a hitch against Prairie View A&M. Tyler Jones, junior quarterback, completed nearly all of his passes, the running game found angles that simply weren’t there against Florida State and the receivers separated from the secondary. The defense is a different story, with more question marks than answers. The team allowed 323 passing

yards against an FCS-caliber opponent. Prairie View A&M scored 24 points, underlying a potentially concerning trend. Texas State’s defense bent against the Panthers, but it might break when faced with better competition. There’s no way of knowing for sure, though, without a reliable benchmark to compete against. “On defense, I still think we are kind of searching and finding ourself,” Franchione said. “It’s still a little hard to completely pinpoint all of the identity of this team. I thought it might be that way going into this schedule, but this process will probably continue for two or three weeks.” Regardless, the clock is ticking. Now it’s time for the Bobcats to sink or swim.



Here are five questions relevant to the Texas State football teams’ game against Southern Mississippi. The sports staff will answer these questions following the game.

1. HOW WILL THE OFFENSIVE LINE FARE THIS TIME AROUND? The maturation of the offensive line has been a talking point for Coach Dennis Franchione this season. He said this year’s unit is a college group compared to


a kindergarten group two seasons ago, which speaks to the rapid level of development.

2. WHICH DEFENSE WILL STEP UP? Franchione is expecting both offenses to excel this week. Texas State and Southern Mississippi want to increase the tempo to pressure the defense into making mistakes. A defensive unit that doesn’t wither under the pressure could be the deciding factor in the game.



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Texas State’s linebacker corps will add Jerrid JeterGilmon to the rotation this week after the senior linebacker missed the first two games of the season due to academic reasons. Tim Gay has transitioned from running back to linebacker in order to fill in the gaps. Expect Jeter-Gilmon, who recorded 46 tackles in 12 games last year, to take some much-needed reps at linebacker to add some con-

4. WILL MORE THAN 50 PLAYERS ENTER THE GAME? In the first two games of the season, Franchione has used more than 60 players. That statistic is a direct result to the nature of lopsided games. There likely won’t

be as much opportunity for Franchione to delve deep into his second and third units because Southern Mississippi is an opponent at a similar talent level.



Franchione said his team needs to be prepared for the test because Texas State can’t take Southern Mississippi for granted. A definitive win against the Golden Eagles would go a long way towards building the Bobcats’ confidence heading into a road matchup Sept. 26 against Houston.

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Thursday, September 17, 2015 | 7

The University Star

SPORTS @universitystar


CONFERENCE PLAY FOR BOBCATS BEGINS FRIDAY By Jose Campos SPORTS REPORTER @josewithaj Coming off its three-set sweep of Sam Houston State, the Texas State volleyball team is preparing for the Sun Belt Conference slate. The Bobcats’ first conference match is Friday night against Georgia State. Coach Karen Chisum is not concerned with what kind of record the Bobcats have coming into conference play. All that matters to her is whether the team has consistently improved and learned from their losses when they take the court against Georgia State. “They’re good, they’ve got two good middle blockers and they’re a solid program—I will tell you that,” Chisum said. “They’re a very solid program. We’ve

just got to continue to get better on our side of the net and be more consistent.” The season has been a slow and steady process for Texas State as the team had to adjust to 11 new players, including three new setters. Erin Hoppe, sophomore setter, looks more comfortable now in her position on the team following a transfer from the Air Force Academy. Hoppe averages 6.49 assists per set and currently leads the team with 14 service aces. Emily Shelton, junior setter, has provided help with 4.82 assists per set. Other newcomers like Morgan Lewis, junior middle blocker, and Jaliyah Bolden, redshirt sophomore middle blocker, have increased hitting for the Bobcats. Lewis is third on the team in kills with 68 and Bolden was fifth with


The Bobcats were defeated Sept. 5 by the Indiana Hoosiers at Strahan Coliseum. 56 prior to sustaining an injury sidelining her for four to six weeks.

Chisum has been focusing on errors and consistency despite the growth

the Bobcats have seen with newcomers and setters. Errors have hindered

multiple games for the team this season. Texas State had four games with 24 errors or more. In recent games the amount of errors has been reduced, but Chisum said the team needs the number to decrease further before conference play begins. Chisum is looking for consistency from the hitters. There have been nine games for the Bobcats with team hitting percentages of less than .300. “We just (have) got to keep on working on the kids’ arm swing and their confidence—just swinging and looking at the court and finding the holes, working on different shots,” Chisum said. Texas State’s first conference game will set the tone for the rest of the season. “We’ve just got to be more consistent, play better and just fight,” Chisum said.



BOBCATS LOOKING TO KEEP WINNING STREAK ALIVE By Donavan Jackson SPORTS REPORTER @djack_02 Assistant Coach Link Scoggins said the Texas State women’s soccer team is looking to focus on maintaining the teams’ current mindset as the Sun Belt Conference season approaches. The Bobcats are currently on a three-game winning streak, with two non-conference games remaining and a 4-2 record. Texas State begins the two-game home stand this Friday at the Bobcat Soccer Complex where the team will host the New Mexico State Aggies. “The confidence is there,” Scoggins said. “But New Mexico State and Lamar are teams that if we don’t take care of business, could result in a loss.” The biggest task at hand for the coaches is how well the team will handle adversity.

In the last two games, the Bobcats shut out their opponents. But moving forward, the question remains how the team will react to being down. Despite a 1-6 record, Scoggins said New Mexico State has always challenged Texas State. The last matchup between the two schools resulted in a 2-1 victory for the Bobcats. The Aggies are a young team this season with 17 freshmen and only two returning seniors. Experience will play a significant role in the game as the Bobcats are returning with nine upperclassmen, two of which are All-Conference players. “I think we’re all starting to understand each others’ role,” said Alyssa Phelan, sophomore forward. “We’re starting to look smoother on the field, and that’s shown a little bit in past two games.” The Texas State offense has had positive produc-

tion with an average of two goals per game with a shots on goal percentage of .511. The defense has not gone unnoticed as they have only allowed four goals, 18 shots on goal and have an opponent shots on goal percentage of .383. Another question at hand is how the Bobcats will perform at home. Both previous losses for Texas State came during home games. “What we hope to do is to get on top early and keep them down,” Scoggins said. “Because like I said earlier, New Mexico State is a team that will stay close and will scrap.” Scoggins said the main goal at the end of the weekend is to have the chemistry and confidence at its peak. Following the two-game The Bobcats were defeated weekend, the Bobcats will Aug. 30 by UTEP. have a week’s worth of rest before opening up conference and playing at home against Arkansas-Little Rock.

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