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D efending the First Amendment since 1911


Professor offers new sociological perspective on rock ‘n’ roll By Nicholas Laughlin NEWS REPORTER

each of these businesses really shines through their signage.” Salon Thairapy is one of the businesses making use of the grant. However, owner Suzanne Riley said that she uses the money as a tool to help her launch her business, which opened its doors four months ago, rather than merely freshening up the look of the salon. Equipped with neon green lettering, Thairapy’s sign boasts a large pair of rustic scissors to

In his award-winning book, sociology professor Joseph Kotarba looks at the way rock and roll is embedded in people’s lives. Kotarba won the Charles Horton Cooley Award for Outstanding book for his work “Baby Boomer Rock ‘n’ Roll Fans.” The Charles Horton Cooley Award is given annually by the Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction (SSSI). The award is used to honor an author for a book that represents an important contribution to the perspective of symbolic interaction. The committee considered a range of outstanding books and articles, demonstrating the diversity and creativity of scholars working in the interactionist perspective. “I chose rock and roll because I have been a pop music fan my whole life,” Kotarba said. “No one was covering, in a very sociology way, the very first generation of rock and roll fans—the baby boomer generation.” Kotarba’s book details the many facets of personalities intimately linked with music as the baby boomer generation ages, said Eugene Halton, committee chair for the Cooley award and sociology professor at Notre Dame. “Baby Boomers are complex in the way they enjoy their music,” Kotarba said. “Many journalists and scholars of the 1960s and 1970s thought the Baby Boomers would ‘outgrow’ rock and roll music and move toward more adult-style music. That didn’t happen that easily.” It was important to examine how Baby Boomers continue to use rock and roll or pop music more generally as a source of meaning to help make sense of everyday life, Kotarba said. “(Kotarba) reveals the many ways in which the music remains as both a resource and mirror of (Baby Boomers’) lives,” Halton said. The Rolling Stones and Van Morrison are important to the spiritual experience of men from Kotarba’s generation, he said. “Katy Perry is also one of my favorites,” Kotarba said. “Katy Perry is a lot of things. She represents what is going on in pop music, and she is almost like having a daughter. She is someone that you can identify with, unlike a lot of other female performers.”

See AWNINGS, Page 2

See KOTARBA, Page 2

DENISE CATHEY ASSISTANT PHOTO EDITOR The Main Street Program is compensating downtown stores like Thairapy by paying for their new signfronts.

Downtown signage revamped through Main Street Program By Anna Herod NEWS REPORTER


ain Street Program’s sign and awning grant has aided 19 businesses in the San Marcos Main Street district. Under this program, businesses can apply to have an investment in a new sign or awning matched. Using the grant, businesses can receive up to $2,000. In previous years, the avail-

able fund for the grant was only $4,700, but city councilmembers secured an additional $15,000 for this year, said Councilman Jude Prather, Place 2. The additional funding was a means of reimbursing businesses for the negative impact construction has had as well as making the downtown area pedestrian-friendly, he said. “Our goal is to help downtown businesses through revitalization, economic restructuring and promotion,”

said Kayli Head, Main Street Coordinator. “The grant is just a small way that we, as a city, can help businesses improve the look and feel of downtown.” Improving the main street district’s atmosphere is important, Head said. “The look and feel of downtown has an impact on tourism, (and) it has an impact on the feeling you get that makes you want to shop here,” Head said. “Our businesses have really stepped up their sign game, and the individual character of



Student Center mechanical Lack of department chair system improvements to term limit causes concern total $15-18 million By Mariah Simank NEWS REPORTER

By Anna Herod NEWS REPORTER Before the year is over, $15 to 18 million worth of mechanical system improvements will be made to the LBJ Student Center to bring the building up to code. The improvements will mostly be unseen to students but include making sure the lighting systems are not fire hazards and putting in new smoke alarms, said Jack Rahmann, LBJ Student Center director. Rahmann said he is currently working in conjunction with other university officials to find an architectural firm to collaborate with. He hopes they will create a concept to renovate and expand the LBJ center for students in the years to come. These plans will require a slight increase in the student center fee, but the amount that will be raised will remain unknown until the logistics of the project are worked out. “We need a building that can not only accommodate all of the different needs of the students, but beyond that, it is also an important facility because it’s the ‘first impression’ building,” Rahmann said. “This is the first place at Texas State that prospective students normally come to with their parents. We want this building to leave them feeling like Texas State is the place to be.” Although these mechanical improvements are necessary and

unavoidable, expansion and renovation of the center is still being discussed, he said. “Right now we’re starting by looking at our core values here at the university,” Rahman said. “This stage is all about determining where we are at now and where we want to be concerning the student center.” Among some of the considerations for changes to the center are a more central entrance way as well as transparency. “If you think about how the center is now, when you walk in all you see is a stairwell,” Rahmann said. “All of the offices are lining the perimeter, and all of the student traffic is in the center. That’s a huge mistake architecturally.” If the visual were more transparent, the 22,000 visitors per day would be less confused upon entering the building, he said. “All of the offices should be in the center, and the students should have the most beautiful view of the campus,” Rahmann said. “Transparency would also allow students to be able to look up and see where everything is at.” Ultimately, renovation of and expansion to the center will be up to the students, Rahmann said. Officials at the center are actively planning to distribute surveys to provide students with the opportunity to give their input in order to make sure every dollar is spent smartly, he said.

The lack of limit on the number of years department chairs can serve at Texas State has some questioning the value of the system. Each depar tment in the university has a chair who is a faculty member assigned by the dean to manage classes and faculty. The length of time these members have held their positions varies greatly, with some

keeping their jobs as long as 25 years, said Dr. Cynthia Opheim, associate provost of Academic Affairs. “We have no term limits on chairs, so we can have chairs in place for as little as three years, or sometimes it’s 25 years or longer,” Opheim said. Duane Knudson has been the Health and Human Performance department chair for the past five years. Knudson said department chairs are among the most important positions in a university.

“Ultimately, they are the gobetween the administration that wants to move the institution and address large strategic issues related to the university and all of the external factors that force universities to react certain ways and the faculty that are the guardians of the curriculum that do the teaching and the research,” Knudson said. “The chairs are sort of where the rubber hits the road between those two major bodies.”


DENISE CATHEY ASSISTANT PHOTO EDITOR Susan B. Day, chair of Sociology, teaches her Intro to Sociology class Sept. 26 at UAC. Day has been the Sociology chair for 17 years.

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2 | The University Star | News | Tuesday, September 30, 2014


ALERRT partners with Wal-Mart to offer active shooter safety training By Carlie Porterfield SENIOR NEWS REPORTER A Texas State program has partnered with Wal-Mart to offer associates information on what to do if an active shooting breaks out in the workplace. Last week, officials at the Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training Center at the university announced their partnership with Wal-Mart to develop educational tools to inform employees how to react in an active shooter situation. The announcement comes in the wake of a recently-released FBI report that demonstrates the need “for civilians to be engaged in discussions and training on decisions they’d have to make in an active shooter situation,” said Special Agent Katherine Schweit, head of the FBI’s active shooter initiative team, in the report. “The ALERRT program developed by Texas State University has quickly become the national training standard for law enforcement response to active shooter events,”

said Steve Dozier, vice president of Global Security at Wal-Mart, in a press release. “For our associates, whether you work in a store, club, distribution center or home office, your safety counts, and being aware of what you can do matters.” The program will incorporate ALERRT’s already-existing strategies, said Terry Nichols, assistant director of ALERRT. “We’ve had the Avoid Deny Defend strategy for our civilian class for several years now,” Nichols said. “We created the ADD philosophy 10 years ago, in 2004,” Wal-Mart officials found out about the ADD philosophy and were looking for strategies they could pass on to their associates. They reached out to ALERRT, Nichols said. Unlike ALERRT’s trainings with law enforcement, the program for Wal-Mart employees will be focused on the ideal civilian response to violent situations. “It’s an awareness campaign,” Nichols said. “We’re not going out and doing hands-on training with Wal-Mart associates. We’re writing

written materials that will be available to all their associates.” A website and mobile app, along with video-based training, have been developed for Wal-Mart associates, he said. Diana Hendricks, ALERRT director of communications and governmental relations, said awareness of the right plan of action in shooting situations, for both civilians and law enforcement, could save lives. “It’s not a corporate matter,” Hendricks said. “It’s a societal matter. It’s something we’re all challenged with and must recognize what someone must do in a situation like that.” The ALERRT program stood out to Wal-Mart because it is based on research done with the FBI, Hendricks said. “They chose this program because of the research behind it, and this research will make everybody’s lives better,” Hendricks said. Pete Blair, criminal justice associate professor and ALERRT researcher, said before the team started, there wasn’t much systematic research available about active shootings.

“What I found in the first look at the data is that more than half of all active-shooter incidents are over before the police get there,” Blair said. “That’s despite the fact that we’re seeing the police get there remarkably quickly, about three minutes on average. That’s lightning fast. You don’t get much better than that.” Sometimes the civilians at the scene are the true first responders and have an important part to play in how events turn out, Nichols said. “They have an active role in their own survival for those three minutes,” Nichols said. Law enforcement and regular people have opposite roles in active shooter situations, Nichols said. “The difference between law enforcement training and civilian training is that we want them to avoid the problem,” Nichols said. “While law enforcement would go toward the problem, we want civilians to get away from it.” This information is relevant to Wal-Mart’s interests because not only is the number of active shooting events increasing but research shows

a large percentage of incidents take place in retail spaces, according to an FBI report released last week. “Believe it or not, the data we have shows that almost 46% happen in businesses,” Nichols said. “It’s more frequently happening in businesses than in schools.” However, Blair pointed out active shootings shouldn’t be a great concern in the average Wal-Mart employee’s daily life. “We’re not trying to produce what I would call ‘fear culture’ because these incidents remain relatively rare,” Blair said. “These incidents get a lot of media attention, so people tend to think they’re more common than they are.” Nichols hopes to leave Wal-Mart employees with a sense of security and heightened awareness. “Yes, these are bad events, but you’re six times more likely to be struck by lightning than be involved in an active shooter event,” Nichols said. “If for nothing else, I hope it will make them more aware of their surroundings. That’s crime prevention tip number one.”


TSUS universities required to provide Title IX training

By Alexa Tavarez NEWS REPORTER As part of the recent changes to the university’s sexual misconduct policy, incoming students are required to participate in an online program created called Campus Clarity. All universities under the Texas State University System are now required to provide training related to Title IX issues to students and faculty, said Gilda Garcia, chief diversity officer and director of equity and access. The online program introduces new students to the consequences of sexual misconduct and drug and alcohol use in a social setting. The Division of Student Affairs

purchased the program for $26,000, said Joanne Smith, vice president for Student Affairs. “We looked for a training product that was going to support our policy direction and one that would be effective,” Garcia said. “The Campus Clarity program satisfied both of those criteria.” Through Campus Clarity, students learn the importance of consent, the definition of sexual assault and how to have respectful relationships, Garcia said. The program gives students direct access to policies, procedures and resources. “The Campus Clarity program is not just designed for students, but it’s a service to students,” Garcia said. “It’s customized for Texas State and in support of our policies.”

Texas State was the first university from the institution to purchase the Campus Clarity program, Smith said. However, it was a collaborative process. The university discussed it as a system and presented the options to the Board of Regents. “Education about this issue is critical,” Smith said. “We chose this method because it’s very comprehensive, and with this kind of information it’s sometimes difficult to get the depth of it.” In the program, students are given several options in a given scenario and follow their choices, learning along the way to handle the situation, said Sabrina Esparza, special education freshman. “The program was straightforward, but it talks about issues students need to know about,” Esparza

Go fetch!

said. Most freshmen come into college wanting to fit in, but they need to know beforehand which paths not to take and which group not to fall into, she said. “I like the fact the program discussed most topics students don’t want to have with their parents,” Esparza said. “It made you listen and hear what needs to be heard.” This academic year will serve as a baseline, Garcia said. University officials anticipate an increase in the number of sexual misconduct cases reported. However, that will not necessarily mean there will be more incidents of sexual misconduct. “It’s difficult,” Smith said. “We don’t know if we have more (incidents of sexual misconduct) or

people underreported before. It’s hard to put a statistic on that.” The success of the program “goes beyond participation,” Garcia said. University officials want to increase the level of respectful behavior on campus, she said. “I think this will help keep the students more aware of what goes on every day on campus,” Esparza said. “Maybe it will make students make wiser choices.” The next step is to consider a campus climate survey, Garcia said. The survey would help the university measure attitudes on campus and people’s experiences. “I’d like to say by 2020 you won’t need my office anymore,” Garcia said. “I’d like to work myself out of a job.”

Strange, but informative.

SOCIOLOGY, from front Unlike institutions in other universities, the chair position at Texas State does not have set term lengths or a system that rotates people in and out. “I think that you see different systems at different universities,” Opheim said. “Our chairs serve at the pleasure of the president, so it’s not a rotating system at all.” This fact has some weighing the positives and negatives of individuals holding these positions for extended periods of time. “In this system, sometimes the chairs stay in their position because nobody else wants to do the job or because there is no one available to do the work,” said Susan Day, who is in her 17th year as chair of the Sociology department. Day said the system has disadvantages. People may become tired

of being chairs before they can step down, or they may not be willing to do the work they began when they were younger. Knudson said having long-serving chairs is beneficial to the university because of the experience they possess. “The longer you work in this position, the more experienced you get in knowing what your faculty wants, and then you also know people on campus, which allows you to better represent your unit,” Knudson said. “If someone is a really good servant and has the trust of the faculty and the administration and they like the job, they can certaintly do it and be appointed every four years.” If a chair is not performing duties at the level he or she should be, the situation will be brought to the attention of the dean through a review

process, Opheim said. “We’re looking at how they’re performing, how well they’re doing, how morale is in their department,” Opheim said. Department chairs are “very carefully” evaluated every four years, and faculty take annual surveys on the performance of chairs, she said. Day said the chair position is extremely important for the university and its students. “Chairs have the job of leading and encouraging good teaching, outstanding scholarship and service to the university and the community,” Day said. “In the department is where the work of the university is done, and chairs are obligated to make their departments the best they can possibly be in order to have the greatest impact on the university.”

Kotarba used interviews and personal experiences, like attending concerts and working production, to create a “great mix” of personal and objective data, Halton said. “One of the strengths of the book were how (Kotarba) used mixed messages,” Halton said. The book is a personal experience for Kotarba, he said. In the book, Kotarba uses his own life experiences and perceptions of pop music over time. The book also fits his interests in the way sociologists study culture and symbolic interaction, Kotarba said. “(Kotarba) looked at how rock and roll was imbedded in our lives,” Hal-

ton said. “It’s exciting to be a part of a university that prides itself so much on teaching students and also become a major research university,” Kotarba said. “To be part of that is very exciting (and) very rewarding.” Kotarba is one of the “finest scholars” in the country, said Susan Day, sociology department chair. “I would hope that the university, the state and the United States would understand what excellent scholars we have (at Texas State),” Day said. “It is something we should all take great pride in.”

KOTARBA, from front The most powerful thing about the book was the testimony to human presence, Halton said. “For me, asking people about music is a great window into the self,” Kotarba said. “Music is everywhere. It is important, especially, to this generation. You learn a lot about people through their music.” Kotarba has worked on the book for over 20 years. “I have gathered studies over the years involving parents of rock and roll fans, rock and roll as a feature of political landscape in the United States and as something that is international,” Kotarba said.

HARON SAENZ STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER Whitt McConnell, art junior, works on a sculpture Sept. 28 at the Joann Cole Mitte Art Building.




AWNINGS, from front catch the attention of pedestrians. “It allowed me to get a sign that I thought would really help draw attention to my business during the day and at night,” Riley said. “I think that anything you can do to draw attention to your business regardless of whatever is going on outside, whether it be construction or it being busy because of a game, is going to help your business.” Riley said she went to a sign company and had artists draw a design of what she wanted. She submitted the drawing with her grant application to ensure that it would be accepted. “I think that helped me get the grant by showing them what I wanted to do because it was more than simply trying to describe

what it is that I wanted to do,” Riley said. “I absolutely recommend other businesses to do that as well. I feel that, just like with scholarships and grants, it’s just a matter of filling out the paperwork because there’s a lot of money to be given if you just try.” Head said she feels the grant is an effective way to promote the creation of an area that appeals to pedestrians while keeping all of the signs up to code. “A lot of businesses are taking the initiative to use this grant,” Head said. “So where some of them might have needed a face lift, it creates a trickle-down effect, and the surrounding businesses decide to do the same thing. Our downtown area is improving every day.”

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Tuesday, September 30, 2014 | The University Star | 3


GET OUT OF TOWN By Ernest Macias ASSISTANT TRENDS EDITOR Located a little less than 70 miles north of San Marcos, Fredericksburg is nestled deep in the Texas Hill Country and the ideal weekend destination. German pioneers settled in the area over 160 years ago, and their legacy and heritage fills the town’s air, streets and architecture. Fredericksburg attracts visitors from all around the globe. The welcoming environment of Main Street is “irresistible,” according to Rick Oliver, a war veteran from Pennsylvania visiting the town. “I’ve been around the world enough to know when I see something real,” Oliver said. “This town is nice; it really depicts the essence of the area. I’m loving it here.” It is no surprise tourists feel this way. The town is a living testimony of what a culture-filled community should be and look like. A feeling of pride surrounding the town’s roots is tangible, evident in everything from the German food to the annual festivals. Fredericksburg is one of Texas’ finest breathing pieces of history.


225 Main St. Fredericksburg, TX 78624 (830) 997-9084


Fredericksburg Brewing Altdorf’s Biertgarten Co.: “Do you want those beers and Restaurant: It would be for here or to go?” is a question unforgivable to visit Fredericksburg and not eat German cuisine. Altdorf’s offers a fusion of American and German dishes as well as long list of imported beers—all German, of course. The indoor-outdoor style of the place is family-friendly and filled with history. “This place has been here since 1977,” said owner Cameron Baird. “That makes it over 30 years old. The name stands for ‘old village,’ which makes perfect sense for a town like this.” 301 W. Main St. Fredericksburg, TX 78624 (830) 997-7865

Old German Bakery Restaurant: This restaurant

serves authentic German breakfast and lunch. It has been in business for over 40 years and is famous for made-from-scratch pancakes and European pastries. The Old German Bakery also serves “Fredericksburgers,” which are considered by many to the best burgers in town.

not often asked when ordering a drink in Texas, but it’s a common occurrence in Fredericksburg. It is perfectly legal to purchase a beer or wine glass and have it to go while shopping or walking around. Everyone over 21 should visit this brewery. It offers seasonal and unique brews of beer with funky names to go along with them, including the Not so Dumb Blonde Ale and Helles Keller. This not-sofamily-oriented restaurant is a great transition spot from sightseeing to a night-out. 245 E. Main St. Fredericksburg TX 78624 (830) 997-1646

Shopping Fiesta Winery Tasting Room: Fiesta Winery Tasting

Room: The town is filled with European infusions and Fiesta’s is no

exception. Tourists can spend $10 and get five wine tastings and a complementary Fiesta wine glass. They also offer a variety of accessories for the wine-lovers that range from corkscrews to chic stem less wine glasses. The back end of the building transforms into a bookstore, perfect for visitors looking to relax in an intellectual yet tranquil environment. 47A E. Main Fredericksburg, TX 78624(830) 307- 3328

red: No one would ever expect to find a home décor store of this caliber in the heart of the Texas Hill Country, but red made the impossible happen. “We’ve been here for eight years,” said Jessica Chiles, photographer for the store’s website. “It is a mix of local, vintage and new finds (and) we also collaborate with artists from all over Texas to create unique pieces.” The chic store has a rather special inventory of furniture, pillows, candles and home-décor accents. It is highly recommended for those tourists with artistic inclinations. The store also offers in-home design services. 307 E Main St. Fredericksburg, TX

78624 (830) 990 - 0700


National Museum of the Pacific War: This unique muse-

um expands over a six-acre campus and is considered to be one of the most complete military museums in the nation. This museum honors the eight million Americans who served in the war against Japan. It was established in 1968 and has been restored and modified to include the Memorial Courtyard, the Plaza of Presidents and the Japanese Garden of Peace. This museum is a place to learn and truly understand the history of those who served the country during war times. It is, without doubt, a tourist’s must before leaving Fredericksburg. 340 E. Main St. Fredericksburg, TX 78624 (830) 997-8600


LEFT: A statue of Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz in Fredericksburg. RIGHT: Tourists explore shops in Fredericksburg.

Alumnus launches clothing line after contest win By Theresachristine Etim TRENDS REPORTER

A gleam of hope was all alumnus Cory Hanes had, but it was all he needed to launch SurVibe, his own clothing line and business. Based in San Marcos, Hanes’ clothing company is Texas State-bred. Just two years ago it joined Facebook as a public profile of clothing wear, and despite the short time it’s been in circuit, it has garnered critical acclaim thanks to a business pitch contest that earned SurVibe $5,000 as a first-place winner. Hanes was fresh out of college at the time of the contest. However, since taking first place in late June, he’s kicked his business into full gear. A tribute to his ‘90s childhood, SurVibe consists of men’s shirts and socks with Rocko’s Modern Life- and Ren & Stimpy-inspired designs, along with tribal print and revamped versions of tie-dye fashions. Hanes credits the San Marcos-based design studio Future Society for SurVibe’s homepage. Future Society was where Hanes learned what he refers to as “DIY 101 and the Art of Printmaking.” Hanes said founder Johnathan Lopez showed him some techniques and provided inspiration for what he wanted to achieve design-wise. “While I’ve always had a passion for design, the guys over at Future Society inspired me and gave me a greater appreciation for screen-printing and all of the behind-the-scenes magic that

goes into creating next-level apparel,” Hanes said. What was a student-run business with a Facebook page has spawned into an active twitter page and website (www. Accompanying its online catalogue is a blog with everything from details about what’s in stock to advice on how to chase your dreams. In a blog post titled Join the Movement aimed at influencing others through the SurVibe “way of life,” Hanes said, “We’re often too dismissive and uncommitted to our thoughts. Express yourself, speak your mind and try to do it as enthusiastically and well-spoken as you can.” Perhaps this is the driving force of SurVibe. SurVibe is not a major factoryrun clothing line, but it seems to have a following in San Marcos because of the breezy aura it gives to the youth. Had Hanes stayed mute, keeping his business proposal just an idea, perhaps he wouldn’t have won the contest that was a turning point for his enterprise and career. The name SurVibe is a play on the words Survive and Vibe. The key to surviving this world is to have one’s own vibe. This seems to be the suggested advice Hanes wants to provide other college students with, as they are often on the verge of real-world exposure. It seems Hanes doesn’t want students to forget who they are as they set out to live among others. However, he still wants students to show appreciation for others.



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Fri. 10/17 - Mon. 10/20 Fri. 10/24 - Mon. 10/27 Fri. 10/31 - Mon. 11/3 Outpatient Visit: 11/14

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4 | The University Star | Tuesday, September 30, 2014



American students lack respect for education


ollege students in America must have more respect for education and the educational process. Americans as a whole have a perception that their nation is the best in the world, regardless of how true that may actually be. This overconfidence translates is evident in most of the things we do as a nation. According to a 2012 study performed by the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), the United States ranked higher than the worldwide average in students’ belief in their abilities and rate of skipped classes. Here in the land of the free and the home of the brave, we have created a culture in which it is not entirely rare for people to survive and even thrive without an education. Being witness to this phenomenon, in addition to being indoctrinated with a general sense of entitlement, has lead to a gross lack of appreciation for the learning process. It is no secret that the American school system could use some serious work. However, there are still many people who want a higher education and do not get to go to college. For many students, there was no question of whether or not they would be attending college.

For others, the road to college was filled with uncertainty and instability. There is nothing wrong with going to college simply because that is what is expected. College years are when people start deciding what direction they want their life to take, and that can be overwhelming and stressful. However, there is a fine line between blowing off steam by goofing off in class and hindering the education of one’s peers. Students in classrooms need to display a heightened sense of decorum and self-possession. Regardless of how boring an instructor may be perceived to be, the bottom line is that they deserve respect. Most faculty members have a master’s degree or higher in their respective fields, and those are not just handed out like party fliers in The Quad. Additionally, students need to respect the

learning process. It makes no sense to come to class just to leave 30 minutes early or walk in with 20 minutes left in class. When half of a class decides to pack up early, it disrupts the instructor, the lesson and students who have the decency to wait and listen until the end. As flawed as the education system itself is, learning is still an enriching and rewarding experience for those who wish to capitalize on it. Students who have no desire to grow

intellectually should find somewhere else to waste their time. This offense is even more unforgiveable for those who are taking away scholarship money

from students who do wish to be here but do not have the means. Education is a privilege, not a right. The way students behave in classrooms truly speaks volumes about them as a school, state and country.


The Main Point is the opinion of the newspaper’s editorial board. Columns are the opinions of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the full staff, Texas State University Student Media, the School of Journalism and Mass Communication or Texas State University.


School linguistic identity causes cultural disconnect

Olivia Garcia OPINIONS COLUMNIST Public relations senior


panish used to be my first language. My great-grandmother raised me on that language from when I was a newborn until I was about five years old. It was the closest connection I had to my culture. Then, I started school. Living in a border town, I did not expect to be scolded for speaking Spanish to my friends, but I was. From

kindergarten to 12th grade speaking Spanish was not tolerated. Administrators would chastise students who spoke Spanish in the halls, and teachers were instructed to reprimand students as well if they heard it in the classroom. It felt like they were trying to demonstrate to the government that their students were “extra-American” and not even a little bit Mexican because we lived in a border town. Yes, there were many Mexican immigrants at my school, but it was not like they did not understand they were in America and had to speak English. Many of these students struggled learning English because they could not ask any questions in their native tongue. They would have to learn English cold turkey, and if it was not picked up right away, they were unfairly sent

to remedial classes. When English-speaking Americans tried to learn another language, they were able to ask clarification questions in English. Mexican Americans should not be any different. My parents never conversed with me in Spanish because they were teachers, and they too had to adhere to the same rules of English-speaking dominance. Growing up I always wondered what the point was of teaching me Spanish if I was never allowed to use it. Spanish is not even a second language to me anymore. I know a few phrases, but I am not fluent. It saddens me that I cannot connect with my great-grandmother like I used to. I feel out of place when I am around Spanishspeaking relatives. This double standard of being a Mexican American forced to only

speak English has undermined me more than it has benefitted me. In my first job at my hometown, I was yelled at by a Mexican woman for being Hispanic and not being fluent in Spanish. She indicated I was inadequate and unworthy of being a Latina. This bothered me because my whole life I was taught to disregard Spanish, but I was also unknowingly disregarding my culture. It felt like I could not win being a Mexican American. In the movie Selena, the father hit the nail on the head about the struggle of being a Mexican American by saying, “You have to be more Mexican than the Mexicans and more American than the Americans. It is exhausting.” I wish my schools had embraced a second-language culture. It is painfully ironic that the current job market is full of employ-


Xenophobia poses problem among United States citizens

Hanna Foster OPINIONS COLUMNIST Journalism junior


enophobia is present in everyday life, yet very few know what it is. Xenophobia is the irrational fear or hatred of people from different cultures. This phobia is visible in multiple aspects of the everyday life as an American, particularly in the lives of people of color. America as a whole has always had some sort of issue regarding race. Ever since the first colonists came to the Americas, they were tackling, or perhaps developing, issues with race and xenophobia. These issues include conquering the land of the native peoples, slave trade and the civil rights movement, past and current immigration laws and everything in between. Xenophobia is very obviously a problem still present in America today. It is easy for the history books to try to gloss over America’s ugly past and teach the younger generations to believe that America now is free of racism and oppression. However, this is wrong. Xenophobia is seen in everyday treatment of people of Hispanic heritage, Islamic upbringing and even still people of African American culture. I often hear offhand offensive com-

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ments like “terrorist-like looks” or “He’s black, there’s no way he could afford that car,” and even “I doubt she’s actually legal.” These are all things that I have seen or heard on multiple occasions from strangers in passing or posts on social media. Each one of these comments is a prime example of the prevalence of xenophobia in everyday life. Texas State has just celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of integration on campus. This is an amazing feat for the school to have accomplished, but there is still much work to be done in order to promote a more culturally diverse campus. I believe that it is important for students to take note of this achievement as well as to not be afraid to interact with people of other ethnicities. The goal is not to ignore the different cultures and races but to accept them and celebrate them for the uniqueness and the new perspective that they offer. One can learn so much by looking at the way other cultures do things and see what their belief system is. Society needs to learn how to end ignorance, destroy social norms and celebrate all nationalities rather than praising some and demonizing others. At the end of the day, the problem is not in xenophobia itself but in the ignorance that creates it. The best way to end this irrational “phobia” is by educating people about these other cultures. Once someone has a better understanding of the people who practice different religions, are from different countries and have different customs, they become more accepting. The key to eliminating this ignorance is for people to meet those that are different from them and see them for what they really are—people.

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ers looking for bilinguals. None of my teachers or administrators informed me that knowing Spanish would help me rather than hinder me. Instead, my schools were more preoccupied with proving American worth than accepting culture. Not being allowed to speak the language your ancestors spoke is a total cultural disconnect. Immigrants should be able to embrace their cultures in America, not throw them aside to fit American culture. After all, American culture is an immigrant culture. Many reference America as a melting pot, but it should really be referenced to a stew pot. America and its education system should allow all the different ingredients to simmer together and feed off each other rather than forcing them to melt into one.


Disrespect, distraction unacceptable in classroom

Britton Richter OPINIONS COLUMNIST English junior


s far as pet peeves go, generally rude behavior is pretty high on my list of things I despise. There are few things more frustrating than students with poor classroom etiquette. Poor classroom etiquette can be a subjective term and mean several things. However, I think that most students can generally agree upon the various types of poor behavior. While some people have general ‘isms’ that can be viewed as frustrating, there are some behaviors that are just blatantly terrible, rude and disruptive. The first type of poor behavior that I have observed is students who constantly try to correct the professors. By all means, if the professor is genuinely wrong, say something. They, as well as

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the students, should know if there is some sort of miscommunication. However, this does not mean that being condescending or egotistical is going to fly. The professors have degrees, and their students are here to obtain degrees. It is almost certain that some condescending student does not know more than the licensed professional does. Another rude behavior adopted by some are those students who literally do not know how to keep their mouths shut. Conversation in class is normal. I do it all the time. Chatting lightly during monotonous and nap-worthy classes can make it seem a bit less terrible than it is. Still, a full volume conversation during a lecture with a teacher who is probably elderly, and thus potentially hard of hearing, is not necessary. Just because the teacher does not notice the conversation does not mean that every other human in the continental United States wants to hear all the sweet details of your wild and crazy weekend. By all means, talk in class if need be, but please do not shout. Use an inside voice. All that classroom

etiquette boils down to is basic human decency. Students should be good to other students. We all have to fight through particularly terrible classes sometimes. It happens. Teachers can be incredibly frustrating, but being condescending or distracting them will not, under any circumstances, benefit anyone involved. Patronizing will not boost your grade, and I promise it impresses no one. Getting an education is not a burden to be taken lightly. It is a privilege, and no one is required to be here. I am not an exemplary student. Oftentimes you can find me napping in a lecture hall. But the key factor here is I’m not disturbing anyone. No one cares if you do or do not pay attention in class. I piddle around on my computer as much as everyone else. When these distractions and rude behaviors begin to interfere with the education of others and the classes we pay tuition for, then it becomes a problem. Simply having the respect to keep personal distractions to yourself can make a huge difference in the education of yourself and others alike. Please consider it.

The University Star is the student newspaper of Texas State University and is published every Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday of the spring and fall and every other Wednesday in the summer semesters. It is distributed on campus and throughout San Marcos at 8 a.m. on publication days with a distribution of 6,000. Printing and distribution is by the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung. Copyright Tuesday, September 30, 2014. All copy, photographs and graphics appearing in The University Star are the exclusive property of The University Star and may not be reproduced without the expressed written consent of the editor in chief. The first five issues of each edition of the paper are free. Additional copies of the paper can be purchased at 50¢ per copy. Contact The University Star office at (512) 245-3487 to purchase additional copies.

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Tuesday, September 30, 2014 | The University Star | 5



Bobcats defeat Tulsa in triple overtime By Quixem Ramirez SPORTS EDITOR @QUIXEM Terrence Franks, senior running back, dropped to the ground in disbelief, overcome by emotion. For Franks, a fifth year senior, his game-winning two-yard touchdown run in the Bobcats' 37-34 triple overtime victory was the culmination of a career full of hard work. He bounced around—two coaches, two conferences—and doubted his ability. He pondered transferring from Texas State. When Robert Lowe, junior running back, missed the game with a knee injury, Franks stepped in and punched in the game's winning touchdown. "I told my team, 'I've got your back—just lean on me,’" Franks said. "That's what I did. This means a lot to me. I had a chip on my shoulder to keep pushing and keep pounding the rock." Franks, finishing with 71 yards and two touchdowns, dropped the ball in front of the referee before running into the arms of Charlie Will Tuttle, senior guard. He was later met by David Mayo, senior linebacker, and his teammates as they knocked him to the ground. The embattled Franks concluded his celebration solo. He loosened his chin strap, throwing his helmet off. He dropped to both knees in the middle of the field as he reveled in the moment. The moment was his at last. "You have a ton of emotion when you go through something like this," Coach Dennis Franchione said. "At one point in time, I thought, ‘If we win this, it will be a great win for us, and if we lose, it will be a tough loss.’ So now it's what we do with (the win)." The moment wouldn't have been possible without Tyler Jones, sophomore quarterback. The team, facing a 1st-and-20 in triple overtime, needed a field goal to send the game to a fourth overtime period or a touchdown to

seal the victory. Jones went for it all. He bounced around in the pocket for a few beats before connecting with Bradley Miller, senior tight end, for 24 yards on the left side of the field. Miller, with a defender draped around his body, dragged his left foot to set up Franks' touchdown on the ensuing play. Miller's 24-yard reception was part of a career night during which he hauled in eight passes for 112 yards. His last reception happened to be the most important. "Tyler Jones is a heck of a quarterback," Miller said. "Our offensive line did a heck of a job protecting him. It's not just me out there. I may get my name in the paper because of the catches, but it's an overall team performance." When his team needed him most in the first overtime period, Jones delivered. He converted two throws on fourth down to Miller and Jafus Gaines, senior wide receiver. His completion to Miller kept the drive alive, and his five-yard touchdown to Gaines on 4th-and-goal gave his team life heading into double overtime. Jones was not done. Following a 10-yard holding penalty on the first play, Jones dialed in a back-shoulder throw to Ben Ijah, senior wide receiver, who angled his body toward the ball. His defender was helpless as Jones' throw gave Ijah the only receiving angle. Tulsa and Texas State traded touchdowns in the second overtime, but it was Jones who weathered the storm for six overtime periods until his teammates responded. Jones finished with 228 passing yards and three total touchdowns. He totaled 51 rushing yards. The Bobcat defense allowed the game-tying touchdown with 10 seconds remaining in the fourth quarter. Tulsa sophomore quarterback Dane Evans' one-yard touchdown run capped a 17-play, 75-yard drive that lasted seven minutes. The teams combined for 27 points in the final

two regulation periods. In the first half, they combined for 13 punts and seven points. Franchione's decision to replace Jason Dann, senior kicker, paid off when Will Johnson, senior kicker, converted every extra point and field goal. Johnson's biggest contribution in the win, however, occurred in the punting game. He averaged 41.6 yards per punt. Four of his punts landed inside Tulsa's 20-yard line. The Golden Hurricanes were in a poor field position for much of the first half, eliminating some of their big play ability. But the fun was just beginning. Entering the third overtime, Texas State's defense had one last chance to redeem itself. Tulsa opened the third overtime with possession. The Bobcats bent, allowing a first down.

Then they clamped down on Evans, who was averaging 303.6 passing yards per game in three matchups prior. The six-foot-one-inch sophomore was held to 234 passing yards, two touchdowns and an interception in the loss. The defense stifled the Tulsa offense led by Mayo, who tallied a game-high 20 tackles in the win. The defense was already thin in the linebacker corps. The Bobcats had lost Michael Orakpo, senior linebacker, for the season, and Jerrid Jeter-Gilmon, junior linebacker, was ejected in the third quarter for targeting an offensive player. Trey McGowan, junior linebacker, and Stephen Smith, sophomore linebacker, filled in for their counterparts, but Mayo and Michael Odiari, senior defensive end, stole the show. Mayo and Odiari accounted for 33 tackles,

three of them for loss, and one sack. The Golden Hurricanes settled for a 31-yard field goal, allowing the Bobcats to win the game outright in their next possession. "Overtime games are exhilarating when you win and deflating when you come up short," Franchione said. "They are very final all of a sudden. I'm proud of my players. They battled. (Tulsa) Coach Blankenship's may have played one of their better games of the year." The rest was history. "It's a good little momentum boost heading into conference play," Franchione said. "Hopefully we can continue that. If we keep battling, we can find a way." The Bobcats, 2-2 overall, play the Idaho Vandals Oct. 4 in their first conference game.



Notebook: Texas State 37, Tulsa 34 By Quixem Ramirez SPORTS EDITOR @QUIXEM

What the win means: The

Texas State football improves to 2-2 following its 37-34 victory against the Tulsa Golden Hurricanes. The win in itself may not seem significant when the season is over, but this was an important win for a football team dancing on the tightrope between mediocrity and legitimacy. Without the victory, perhaps the season would have torpedoed into a disaster. Now, with a triple overtime victory under the team’s belt, the Bobcats are in a much better position to capitalize on a wide-open Sun Belt Conference.

Close and more than enough: The Bobcats were on the verge

of beginning the season 1-3. They dropped games to Navy and Illinois by a combined 21 points. The Bobcats were doing well in each game, but they made a few mistakes that swung the pendulum in the other direction. The team's victory against Tulsa is a positive restarting point. It shows the Bobcats can close a tightly contested game with a win.

Tyler Jones: The sophomore quar-

terback’s maturation is easily the biggest development of the season. Jones led three touchdown drives in three overtime periods, including a pair of completions on fourth down to Bradley Miller, senior tight end, and Jafus Gaines, senior wide receiver, to keep his team alive. He delivered a 35-yard touchdown strike to Ben Ijah, senior wide receiver, on 1st-and-20 in double overtime. There was not a situation he didn't handle in stride. Jones is averaging 268.3 passing yards per game with 11 touchdowns and two interceptions. Those are fantastic numbers, but they don't paint the whole picture. He's responded whenever his team has needed him most, and that bodes well for the rest of the year.

David Mayo: Texas State's linebacker

corps thinned out in the third quarter after Jerrid Jeter-Gilmon, junior linebacker, was ejected for targeting an offensive player. The Bobcats rotated Stephen McGowan, junior

who is expected to man the middle of a hyperaggressive defense. It's no small task, and Mayo was flying around the field and picking up every defensive assignment.

Good: Depth. The Bobcats were missing

two important fulcrums of the team—Orakpo and Robert Lowe, junior running back. They did not miss a beat in their absence. Terrence Franks, senior running back, rushed for 71 yards and two touchdowns, including the game-winner. Mayo and the rest of the linebacker corps were steady against Tulsa's prolific passing offense. Texas State's receiving corps, especially, are gaining confidence every week. Jones has several legitimate targets on each possession. Coach Dennis Franchione has a deep well of a talent he can trust on both sides of the ball.

Bad: Rushing defense. Tulsa rushed for a

season-high 200 yards against Texas State's defense. Much of the damage was accumulated from sophomore running back James Flanders and junior running back Zack Langer, two players without a prior track record of success. Langer and Flanders combined for 194 rushing yards on 41 carries. The Bobcats allowed a pass-heavy team to develop a potent running game for the second consecutive matchup. They won this time, but they cannot continue to cough up rushing yards if they want to go anywhere this year.

Ugly: First-half offense. Texas State punt-

ed on six of its seven offensive possessions. The Bobcats lacked rhythm, and the team appeared to miss Lowe's ability to create running angles. Jones was inconsistent, and the offensive line pressed him into running more often than he'd like. If it weren't for a worse offensive performance from Tulsa, the Bobcats may have dug themselves in a deep hole.

What they said: "This game goes to the Gish family," Coach Dennis Franchione said. "This whole game was a tribute to him. It was important for our kids to win for David. They thought the world of him, and somehow, some way, you kind of felt he

This game goes to the Gish family. The whole game was a tribute to him. It was important for our kids to win for David.” —Coach Dennis Franchione

linebacker, and Stephen Smith, sophomore linebacker, in his place, hoping to replicate some of his production. Mayo did the rest. He finished with a game-high 20 tackles, extending his streak to six games with 10 or more tackles. The loss of Michael Orakpo, senior linebacker, to an injury earlier in the season, only puts more pressure on Mayo,

had a little touch on things tonight. We are glad we were able to win and win the right way by making plays."

What's next: Texas State plays the 0-4 Idaho Vandals in its first conference game Oct. 4. The game will be televised on ESPN3.


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6 | The University Star | Sports | Tuesday September 30, 2014


Team extends streak with two Sun Belt wins By Derrick Holland SPORTS REPORTER @DHOLLAND23 The Texas State volleyball team heads into October with a 5-0 record in Sun Belt conference play after defeating South Alabama and Troy. The Bobcats are on a five-game winning streak, improving their season record to 10-7. Coach Karen Chisum is excited about how the team continues to make plays in clutch situations. “This team fights hard, and this team has guts,” Chisum said. “Troy was giving us everything they possibly could, but our team continues to respond. Each win has been a team effort. We made a lot of mistakes against Troy, and we’re not going to win a lot of games when we make mistakes. But we’ll take the win, and I’m glad to be going home 5-0.” Texas State fought back from a 2-1 set deficit against Troy on Saturday. The Bobcats won the match in five sets. The Bobcats scored 102 points, registering 65 kills and four service aces in the match. Jordan Kohl, freshman right-side hitter, led the team with 21 points and 18 kills in the match. Kohl was named the Sun Belt Freshman of the Week for her performances against South Alabama and Troy. “I was pumped before the match, and I knew our team was focused,” Kohl said. “We were determined to leave Alabama 5-0, and nothing was going to stop us. The game against Troy was our best blocking game of the season, and I know that we can keep getting better in that area of our game.” The Bobcats defeated South Alabama in three sets on Thursday. Texas State scored 77 points and registered 52 kills and nine service aces in the match. Kelsey Weynand, sophomore outside hitter, led the team with 12 points and 11 kills along with one service ace and four digs in the match. Texas State used a balanced attack against South Alabama, with two players recording over 15 assists and three tallying at least 10 kills. “We love converting aces,”

Weynand said. “Serving is something we’ve been working on in practice a lot. We served tough against South Alabama, and that really got them out of rhythm. Our work in practice really carried over into the game, and I’m really happy our hard work paid off.” Chisum also said serving was one of the reasons the Bobcats had so much success against South Alabama. “We tell our players every night that we have to serve tough,” Chisum said. “When we serve well, we take the other team out of their offense and prevent them from getting into a rhythm. Our serving has really been a big part of our success.” Texas State is currently first place in Sun Belt Conference standings. Texas State and Arkansas-Little Rock are the only undefeated teams in conference play. “It’s always fun to play in San Marcos,” Chisum said. “We want to send a message to every conference opponent when they come to our house. The conference tournament is here in San Marcos on Thanksgiving weekend, and we want to make sure that no team wants to come back to play us at home.” The Bobcats’ next game is Oct. 4 against Louisiana-Lafayette.



Bobcats remain undefeated in conference play By Sabrina Flores SPORTS REPORTER @SABRINAFLORESTX The Texas State soccer team opened the conference season with two victories against Arkansas-Little Rock and Arkansas State. “Any time you can get six points with two wins, that’s good,” Coach Kat Conner said. ”I’m proud of the players for fighting back to get us back even, then even pushing forward to get us a second goal.” After making two saves, Caitlynn Rinehart, junior goalkeeper, allowed the Arkansas State Red Wolves to score in the 85th minute. Lynsey Curry, junior forward, responded in the 87th minute with her second goal of the game against Arkansas State, assisted by Tori Hale, senior forward. Curry scored her second goal of the season 10 minutes

into the second half against the Red Wolves. Curry took five shots during the game, three of them on goal. “She is really stepping up,” Conner said. “I’ve just seen her just in conference this last weekend, even taken on more of a leadership role. Not just the goal scorer you see on stats but just overall leading of the team, of how we are supposed to execute our attack.” Hale’s assist ties her for Texas State’s all-time career first with 17. The Red Wolves allowed the Bobcats to attempt 17 shots, with eight on goal and three that hit either the crossbar or the right post. The Bobcats held Arkansas State to five shots for the entire game. With less than two minutes remaining, a miscommunication among Arkansas-Little Rock players led to a goal against their own team, allow-

ing the Bobcats to lead 2-1. In the 79th minute, Curry scored her fourth goal of the season and her third in the past two conference games. “I’m really excited that we started conference so good,” Curry said. “I think our confidence level is just boosted even higher. We know what we need to do to win, and we know what we need to work on, also, to keep winning.” The Trojans scored on the Bobcats with 11:48 minutes left in the first half, which was Rinehart’s ninth goal allowed this season. The Bobcats outshot the Trojans 17-5, with nine attempts on goal. Curry finished the game with seven shots, three on goal and one point. “We are still shooting very well,” Conner said. “We just got to do better in getting more numbers in there so we can create more screens and chances.”


Sept 30 2014  
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