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Texas State faculty discuss campus carry



By Darcy Sprague SENIOR REPORTER @darcy_days

Faculty senators and department liaisons discussed Senate Bill 11 Wednesday afternoon. The legislation, known as the campus carry bill was passed by the 84th Legislature this year. Starting Fall 2016, licensed individuals will be allowed to carry concealed handguns on public university campuses. As Texas State officials prepare for campus carry to be implemented, President Denise Trauth has drafted a committee of faculty to determine the safest way to implement the legislation. Officials from affected universities are allowed to ban guns in certain campus buildings if there is a “substantial reason,” said Michel Conroy, Faculty Senate chair. The committee is tasked with determining which buildings at Texas State will be deemed gun-free zones. “The areas cannot amount to a total prohibition of campus carry,” Conroy said. “The university system has cautioned that less is more when it comes to these ‘carved-out’ zones.” Conroy said officials within the Texas State University System are worried legislators will amend SB11 to restrict gun-free zones if they feel the spirit of the law is not being enforced by universities. She said the faculty task force plans to recommend the addition of safe storage locations in the dorms and at a central location on campus. The storage areas would be for carrying visitors who want to store their arms in order to go into a gun-free zone on campus. Conroy said there will be a large cost associated with establishing safe storage locations. Chad Booth, chemistry and biochemistry liaison, said officials in Idaho, a state smaller than Texas, have estimated more than $4.7 million has gone toward providing safe storage areas. Farzan Irani, communication disorders liaison, said SB11 is unclear because it states that licensed campus visitors can carry a gun “on or about their person.” Irani said in the communication disorders department, parents bring children into the office for clinical services. He is worried that a child could “get ahold of” a gun someone might leave in an unattended bag. Ted Hindson, political science liaison, said the faculty should voice their opinions, even if nothing can be done about the legislation at present.





Texas State continues to set the bar for diversity By Darcy Sprague SENIOR REPORTER @darcy_days

Fifty years after Texas State was desegregated, minorities continue to make up more and more of the overall student population, making it one of the most diverse universities in Texas. The Hispanic student population has increased by 13.2 percent, which is this year’s greatest increase

of a demographic in the campus community. The data shows a 9.2 and 8.8 percent increase in the Asian and African-American populations respectively. “We have been a leader in the state in terms of embracing diversity,” said Michael Heintze, vice president of enrollment management and marketing. Texas State has long been known as one of the most diverse universities in the state.

Preliminary enrollment data shows the diversification of the student body has not yet plateaued. The university’s minority population has increased by 2 percent this year, bringing minority representation on campus to 49 percent. Heintze said the demographic breakdown of Texas State represents the diverse array of people in the state. More minorities are graduating and looking to attend


universities, and some are first-year students. Heintze said the freshman class’ 6.9 percent growth accounts for the majority of the increase in enrollment. The gap between male and female enrollment continued to grow this year, he said. Female enrollment increased by 4.9 percent and male enrollment increased by 1.6 percent, according to enrollment data. In 2014 there were 4,965 more fe-

male students than in previous years. This year, there are 5,734 more female students than have ever been enrolled in university history. Rosanne Proite, director of Housing and Residential Life, said the university is “constantly working” to sustain the ever-increasing number of students where on-campus living is concerned.



EPIC Piping to provide jobs for San Marcos economically disadvantaged Cemetery officials

to honor history

By Lesly De Leon NEWS REPORTER @leslyd28

EPIC Piping, an industrial pipe manufacturing company, is set to create at least 350 jobs in San Marcos during the next five years. The corporation announced its decision to conduct business in the city last December, according to a Sept. 17 city press release. The Economic Development and Tourism division of the Governor’s office designated EPIC Piping as a Texas Enterprise Project, according to the city’s press release. San Marcos officials nominated the company for the designation last April. The designation is intended to serve as an incentive for EPIC Piping officials to hire economically disadvantaged employees from local areas considered enterprise zones by the Texas Enterprise Zone Program. EPIC Piping’s designation is effective until June 1, 2020. “We think it’s going to help them continue to create jobs,” said Adriana Cruz, president of the Greater San

By Kasandra Garza NEWS REPORTER @KasGarzA

LESLY DE LEON STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER Epic Piping’s manufacturing facility is located off Interstate 35.

Marcos Partnership. “So we’re very excited about it.” City officials decided to nominate the company due to its employment of a great number of local residents, according to the release. As a Texas Enterprise Project, EPIC Piping is eligible for state sales tax refunds based on the company’s capital investment and the jobs it creates or retains, according to the release. The pipe manufacturing company will receive a $2,500 sales tax refund for every qualified citizen



it employs. EPIC Piping will get a maximum tax refund of $1.25 million by creating 350 jobs for locals in the next five years, according to the release. Scott Gregson, Place 5 city council candidate, said the presence of EPIC Piping and the state incentives will increase the employment rate in San Marcos, filling a void in the city’s job market that was created in December 2013 when Butler

See EPIC, Page 2

The history of those buried in the San Marcos Cemetery will be celebrated at Tales and Tours. The event will take place Oct. 17 and be hosted by Friends at the San Marcos Cemetery and the San Marcos Heritage Association. Shannon Fitzpatrick, member of Friends of the San Marcos Cemetery, said Tales and Tours is a fundraising event intended to teach visitors about the San Marcos Cemetery. The 45-minute tours will be given Saturday from 3 p.m. to 5 p.m.. Fitzpatrick said Ernest Cummings, the inventor of the bulldozer, and “Tex” Hughson, a player for the Boston Red Sox, are among those buried who will be highlighted during the tours this year. A stone carver from Austin will demonstrate 100

year-old head-stone carving methods during the tours, she said. During the tours, four Texas State theatre students will take on the characters of the dead and speak in first-person to share their stories with visitors, she said. Kama Davis, vice president of Friends of the San Marcos Cemetery, said the tours will make attendees feel like they have traveled back in time. Fitzpatrick said she wants to teach visitors about the history of the cemetery’s land—which used to be owned by Native Americans—during the event. Davis said African Americans owned the cemetery early in its history, but sold it in the late 1800s to the Association of Cemeteries in San Marcos. After the land was sold, the association banned the burial of

See CEMETERY, Page 2

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2 | Thursday, October 15, 2015


The University Star Anna Herod, News Editor @annaleemurphy @universitystar

ENROLLMENT, from front The university’s 23 residence halls and Bobcat Village can accommodate 6,826 students, Proite said. The halls are currently operating at 99-100 percent capacity. Some students—mainly men—often have to be set up in temporary housing, such as modified conference rooms in the dorms. Proite said she expects the new dormitory on Moore Street, set to open in 2016, to have all 598 beds occupied. She said transfer and returning students make up

only 15 percent of residence hall occupants, but that the Department of Housing and Residential Life had to turn away many of these students. Twenty-two new parking spaces will open when the Moore Street complex opens, according to data provided by Parking Services. Although there are currently only 3,069 green-permit parking spaces available for students residing on campus, and Parking Services sold 3,412 permits for those spots.

EPIC, from front Manufacturing shut down. He said the jobs provided by EPIC Piping will be great for San Marcos citizens. “Those are well above a living wage job,” Gregson said. “Those are jobs that provide sufficient funds to raise a family on. They’re jobs with a future to them.” Frank Arredondo, Place 5 city council candidate, said the city’s enhanced employment opportunities and local residents’ increased income will generate more sales tax to make up for the tax refunds given to EPIC Piping. “We are getting the jobs,” Arredondo said. “The jobs that will enable employees to purchase goods and services in San Marcos that weren’t purchased before.” In order to maintain its designation as a Texas Enterprise Project, 25 percent of new EPIC Piping employees must live within the enterprise zone or local areas considered economically disadvantaged, according to the release. “EPIC Piping’s presence here is going to be fantastic,” Cruz said. “They’re providing workforce opportunities for the segment of our popula-

“One thing we are doing is going into residence halls in the fall and preparing students to move into apartments in the following year,” Proite said. Proite said freshmen are given “priority” when it comes to who can live on campus because university officials feel freshmen are more likely to succeed if they live on campus for their first year. Heintze said there has been an increase of academic success this year as

well. The university’s retention rate increased from 76 percent in 2013 to 78.2 percent the following year. “(Texas State is) a village,” Heintze said. “We want everyone to be successful.” Heintze said the Personalized Academic and Career Exploration program and other efforts put in place by the university are responsible for retention rate increase. Proite said an additional residence hall will likely

be added in the next two or three years to accommodate more students as university enrollment expands. Multiple residence halls will soon be renovated so they can continue to be used for housing, she said. Retama will be closed next year while it undergoes a $10 million renovation. Proite said officials are looking to possibly close Arnold, Smith, Hornsby and Burleson Halls. She said the university does not profit from student housing

because all of the money paid by students is used to maintain, operate or improve the residence halls. Liberal Arts remained the largest college at the university, with 16.4 percent of students being in this f ield. Science and Engineering had the most growth at 11.2 percent. “We are excited about this growth,” Heintze said. “We put a lot into recruiting and retaining students.”

CEMETERY, from front tion that has maybe decided to not pursue a college degree but want to go into manufacturing and pursue a certification or training.” Cruz said the GSMP is working closely with EPIC Piping to ensure the company’s success. “We’re working with them on workforce issues,” Cruz said. “We’re working with them on training programs to make sure that the folks that they hire have the skills they need for the jobs that (EPIC Piping) just created.” The GSMP was also involved in bringing EPIC Piping to San Marcos, Cruz said. Gregson said the corporation’s officials chose to locate in the city because the building that Butler Manufacturing left empty suits EPIC Piping’s needs. He said the city’s central location between Austin and San Antonio and the educational opportunities, like Gary Job Corps, provide extra resources for potential employees. “We were involved with getting EPIC Piping here,” Cruz said. “We’re involved with making sure they continue to expand and grow.”

“EPIC Piping’s presence here is going to be fantastic.” ­—ADRIANA CRUZ, PRESIDENT OF THE GREATER SAN MARCOS PARTNERHSIP

African Americans in the cemetery. The cemetery was desegregated in the 1960s when the city of San Marcos purchased the land. “That’s history that you don’t want to cover up,” Davis said. “That’s history that you don’t want to misrepresent. It’s extremely important that we know our roots.” Fitzpatrick said the primary fundraising event in the early 2000s of the two organizations was a 5K run

through the cemetery. However, officials of the groups decided it would be better to raise money through the tours so they could educate citizens about the cemetery’s history and the people buried in it. Davis said the funds raised by the tours will go toward the beautification of the cemetery, including removing tree moss, installing bathroom facilities and plaques on unmarked graves. “We’ve put up signage, plaques and planted trees

and spent maybe tens of thousands of dollars just trying to remove the moss from the trees to keep them healthy,” Fitzpatrick said. “We hope that by our fundraising efforts, we can enhance the way a certain section looks, add some landscape and add headstones.” Davis said without the fundraising events like Tales and Tours, San Marcos Cemetery officials would not be able to raise awareness and keep citizens from forgetting its

history. “It’s not just about keeping the trees healthy and planting things, it’s about keeping the history,” Davis said. Fitzpatrick said she hopes visitors will enjoy the organizations’ effort to keep history alive. “We stand on the shoulders of those that came before us,” Fitzpatrick said. “It’s easy to get wrapped up in our day-today lives, but we forget how critical these folks were who came before us.”


FACULTY SENATE, from front “The time for faculty to voice their opinions was the last election,” Conroy said. Ruby Kishan, finance and economics liaison, asked if Texas State would join the University of Texas if school officials take the campus carry legislation to court. Dana Garcia, biology senator, said campus carry is not infringing on any constitutional law. She said SB11 is not legalizing assault with a

deadly weapon. “I do not want to negotiate with a student when they come to my class to find out if they are carrying,” Kishan said. “I’m going to announce in my classes that everyone gets an ‘A.’ Talk about grade inflation. It will happen then.” Sarah Blue, geography liaison, said campus carry could inhibit the First Amendment. Conroy said

she agrees, and the legislation could put a “cold chill” on free speech. “We should have to option to mobilize. There should be a working group that asks, ‘what can we do to protest against this?’”said Scott Bowman, science and engineering senator. Hunter Close, physics liaison, said he does not believe the law will increase

the possibility of mass shootings occurring. He said some of the concerns the senators and liaisons voiced were unreasonable. Hindson said it does not matter if the law does not increase the possibility of mass shooting. To him, it only matters if one person is killed because of the implementation of campus carry. Garcia said the psycho-

logical effect of the bill on the faculty, even if not reasonable, is something that needs to be considered. Bowman said as an African-American faculty member, she is concerned she could get shot if she was mistaken for someone else. “This is not unreasonable,” Bowman said. “We see trained police officers do this. What about some

22-year-old that has sat in four classes and thinks he is ready for something to happen on campus?” Conroy said the battle against campus carry, if waged, would likely not be finished before the legislation’s implementation next fall. She said the task force will continue to plan for safe implementation, even if the faculty chooses to protest this bill.

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The University Star

Thursday, October 15, 2015 | 3


Mariah Simank, Lifestyle Editor @MariahSimank @universitystar


Students should start holiday shopping early Sarah Bradley ASSISTANT LIFESTYLE EDITOR @sarah_bradskies

As Halloween approaches, many students are looking ahead to the holiday season. This time of year has many perks, but shopping during the madness can be stressful. Here are three reasons why shopping before the holiday frenzy hits the stores is the better option for your sanity, and your wallet.

1. No hectic crowds One of the biggest contributors to the stress of shopping during the holiday season is fighting the rambunctious crowds. Whether it’s Thanksgiving Day, the morning of Black Friday or any weekend during November and December, people visit their local stores in droves. Lillian Hutchinson, fashion merchandising sophomore, said she manages to avoid rowdy crowds altogether by shopping ahead of time. Hutchinson said she gets all of her holiday shopping taken care of early on so she doesn’t have to deal with the

swarms of customers. “I personally choose to take care of my holiday shopping sooner rather than later for many reasons,” Hutchinson said. “This is ideal for me because the hectic crowds during the holidays freak me out.” Jeffrey Rudd, Austin resident, said he decides to shop in October because of the relaxed atmosphere. “I’d rather shop now because I don’t like dealing with all the madness that is Christmas shopping,” Rudd said. “If I do it now, it’s much more relaxed and then I don’t have to worry about fighting my way through crowds.”

2. Wider variety of options Shoppers who wait to purchase specific gifts until the end of November or even before Christmas Day itself may find the item they are looking for is sold out. When shopping prior to the massive rush of crowds, Hutchinson said shoppers are able to get the item they need without running the risk of the item being out of stock. Hutchinson said she had to re-evaluate her shopping plan

after a negative experience left her without a needed gift. “What made me re-evaluate my shopping plans, regarding shopping before the season starts, was because a few Christmases ago, not one of the stores I went in had the item I wanted to give my mom,” Hutchinson said. “I was devastated.” Hutchinson said she typically visits Target because of the large variety of merchandise the store offers. Matt Kilstrom, store manager at the San Marcos Target, said the store does its best to accommodate every shopper’s needs—especially during the holidays. Kilstrom said store employees do their best to keep the shelves stocked throughout the season, but shopping early is a great way for customers to ensure they get every item on their list. “Merchandise is typically always plentiful,” Kilstrom said. Rudd said he usually times his shopping so he is able to get the season’s most popular gifts before most consumers are aware of them. “If you time your shopping right you might even be able to snag those newly available items that are perfect for giftgiving before most anyone


else is thinking about holiday shopping,” Rudd said.

3. Balance out money Checking items off your shopping list early is a great way to stay on budget. Rudd said purchasing the items over time is smarter for his wallet than making every big purchase in December. “If you start shopping now

it helps your budget,” Rudd said. “If you plan in advance and do a little shopping each month, over time your wallet will be eternally grateful for not dropping most of your money at once.” Rudd said he would rather save money through planning and budgeting instead of waiting for popular shopping days such as Black Friday. “Even if you do miss out on the big deals such as those offered during Black Friday,

I feel like one’s sanity is more valuable than saving a little extra cash,” Rudd said. Hutchinson said shopping now is best for those who want to maintain a balanced budget and their sanity. “If you like budgeting and being smart with your money, shop now,” Hutchinson said. “If you hate being stressed, shop now. I promise your mind and your wallet will thank you later.”


Texas State alumna uses nature to create unique brand By Sarah Bradley ASSISTANT LIFESTYLE EDITOR @sarah_bradskies

One local artist has found a way to seamlessly incorporate the beauty of San Marcos into wearable items. What started as a Texas State student’s idea in 2006 has grown into a thriving local company called Daughter of the Wild. Nikkye Re’Anne Vargas, founder, said her business specializes in creating custommade items using natural resources from the community. “Daughter of the Wild is a personalized expression, utilizing as much natural resources as possible,” Vargas said. “It’s a lot of playing around with stones, bones and plants and incorporating those into dif-

ferent types of wearable art.” Her business sells a variety of necklaces, rings, bracelets, dream catchers and homegrown succulents, all of which she crafts herself. Vargas said her drive to create and sell items was never about money. “Even if there wasn’t any money exchanged, I would still go out and do this because it’s a way of reconnecting people to nature,” Vargas said. Vargas said it is important to her that the products she creates help people develop a better relationship with nature. “With these creations people are exposed to natural elements and their benefits,” Vargas said. “I create something out of them to allow the stone to potentially help whichever individual purchased it.”

Vargas said her ultimate goal is to use natural resources to bridge the gap between the natural and spiritual worlds. She often looks to indigenous cultures, which do not differentiate between nature and people, for inspiration. Vargas hopes to use her platform to raise awareness of the need to respect the environment. “We have to reconnect back to nature—respect the water, protect the land and stop choosing money (and) illusion-driven options for society,” she said. Vargas said the Daughter of the Wild booth can be found in the Quad or at the San Marcos Farmers’ Market two to three times a month. “I’m sponsored by the chartered LGBTQIA student organization, Lambda of Texas

State,” Vargas said. “I wouldn’t be able to set up in the Quad if it wasn’t for them.” Vargas said she enjoys selling items in the Quad because of the exposure it gives her to diverse crowds. “You never know who you’re going to interact with,” she said. Vargas said the support she has received from the community has been astounding. “It’s such a rewarding process to have validation of what I’m doing,” Vargas said. “People really seem to be in support of it and wanting to see more of it.” Caitlyn Dean, psychology junior, Lambda member and student assistant for Daughter of the Wild, said she is honored to be able to learn from Vargas. “I’ve only been in collabora-

tion with Daughter of the Wild as the Lambda representation for her for this past semester, but I’ve been purchasing her items for years now,” Dean said. “She’s honestly one of the most genuine people. She’s always welcoming and friendly no matter what.” Dean said she has personally witnessed the healing powers of the merchandise Vargas offers. “I have experienced firsthand how the crystals and stones within her merchandise really do have helpful aspects and healing abilities,” Dean said. “Especially because of her outlook on wanting to help people grow, the brand itself just has a good energy that’s nice to experience in this stressful world.” Tylar Cowart, Lambda

president and psychology junior, said Vargas is a force of nature. “She is so in tune with everyone and everything surrounding all of us,” Cowart said. “She can read whomever comes into her booth and figure out what they need.” Cowart said Daughter of the Wild is more than just a brand. It is a philosophy. He said shoppers are ultimately supporting nature conservation in San Marcos. “She is a river guardian for San Marcos, she is part of an initiative to stop littering and she’s always cleaning up the city to give back to nature and restore this area,” Cowart said. “I definitely think people should check it out, because it’s so much more than supporting the company.”


Local organization to host 5K for breast cancer awareness By Erin O’Donnell LIFESTYLE REPORTER @1erino

Pink Heals Hays County will host their seventh annual 5K and Kids 1K Oct. 18 at River Ridge Business Park. Kathleen Chomel, Pink Heals Hays County director, said 100 percent of the profit the organization raises from the race goes toward supporting Hays County women and their families in the fight against breast cancer. “A lot of activities and fundraisers that people donate to are corporate charities,” Chomel said. “Usually only a couple of your dollars you

donated come back to your community.” Chomel said the organization has raised more than $107,000 since 2012. She said the money goes into an Emergency Cancer Fund established through Central Texas Medical Center to assist local families with treatment. “Every event that we go to, all the money gets donated to the Emergency Cancer Fund,” Chomel said. Families in need of assistance can fill out an application to receive funds, and a check is usually written within 24 hours, she said. Chomel said the local

chapter has been hosting the event since 2008 when it was established. She said the race hosts around 200 to 400 racers each year. “We have lots of races in San Marcos this time of year, so it just fluctuates depending on who has races when,” Chomel said. The director said the San Marcos Police Department and Fire Department are two of the organization’s top sponsors. She said SMPD will provide a pink police car for the event, and the fire department will provide a pink vehicle for the race’s firetruck pull. “There will be a huge pink

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firetruck, and a pink police car,” Chomel said. “The second annual firetruck pull will be happening where teams of five will compete daily to pull the pink firetruck.” Chomel said racers should wear pink and prepare to have a good time for a good cause. “It’s all about supporting your friends and your family, your neighbors and sharing hearts and love,” Chomel said. “It is just a good morning for fun.” Rebecca Barnes, nursing freshman, said she is participating to support her best friend’s mom, who was diagnosed with breast cancer when Barnes was in high school.

“At first it was hard to deal with, as I felt she was my mom too, but I have been doing my best to raise awareness for the cause,” Barnes said. Barnes said she was looking for opportunities in San Marcos to support breast cancer awareness, and was thrilled to discover Pink Heals Hays County. “When I discovered Pink Heals and learned they had a Hays County chapter, I knew I wanted to support them, “ Barnes said. “Their philosophy spoke to me and I love that they donate 100 percent of their donations to local women.” Danielle Davis, exploratory freshman, said she participates

in the race to support every cancer survivor in her life. “I have been racing in support of the many amazing women in my life who are in their time of need,” Davis said. “I just want to do all that I can to bring support and awareness to what I believe is a great cause against an awful disease.” Davis said she hopes Texas State students will support the organization. “Breast cancer affects way too many people to just be a bystander,” Barnes said. “I really hope more of my friends will participate in events in the future. There is always room for more support.”

4 | Thursday, October 15, 2015

The University Star


Brandon Sams, Opinions Editor @TheBrandonSams @universitystar


Law enforcement needs to be held accountable for their transgressions P olice officers have had a rough year, and it just continues to get worse. Instead of changing their policing, enforcers double-down and continue to solidify the public’s increasing dissatisfaction and distrust. On Oct. 8, 14-year-old Gyasi Hughes at Round Rock High School was violently slammed to the ground by Officer Rigo Valles after attempting to deescalate a fight between two students. The video shows the boy touching the officer’s hand. Then, the officer goes into a savage rage, grips the teenager’s neck, takes him to the ground and proceeds to cuff him. The officer is now contemplating his actions as he sits on administrativedesk leave. Hughes had no weapon nor did he attack the police officer. The action did not justify the reaction. The officer used excessive force. There is no reason to handle a nonhostile teenage boy the way the officer did. This situation serves as a model for a greater discussion of state violence

against citizens. A minor dispute between two teenage boys suddenly turned into a violent situation because an officer had a chip on his shoulder. A high school is not a place for an adult man to take his anger out on the impulsive behaviors of adolescents. Fights happen all the time. Placing hormonal teenagers in an educational, stressful environment is sure to lead to conflicts – it is up to the adults in the school to reel them in. The point of having law enforcement officers in high schools is so officials can be present in order to deescalate situations. Officer Valles did the opposite –instead of deescalating the situation he exacerbated the conflict. Schoolyard fights are not an American epidemic. A huge increase in deathly school brawls does not exist. The officer’s response was not only excessive, but also unnecessary. From 2009-2010 there were 17 homicides of youths committed at school. Meanwhile, according to some broad statistics over 1,000 citizens are killed each year by the

excessive force of police officers. Valles should have been more concerned about his own misconduct than that of the child he attacked for daring to gently touch his hand. Police used to be the people to call on, but given their track record, now people have to wonder whether or not calling law enforcement would actually be the safe alternative. Their over-inflated egos combined with the seemingly obsessive infatuation with violence have taken a toll on the credibility police officers. The race of the child is important to note. There has been a rash of state violence against black bodies which has garnered increased media visibility over the past year. This situation is no exception. While the point of law enforcement is to regulate, they disproportionately police the expression and bodies of people of color. Most specifically, in this case, black people. According to research conducted by the American Psychological Association, black boys are viewed


as older and less innocent than their white counterparts. White people, namely police officers, view black children as young as 10 years old as guilty and dangerous. Given that information, it is really no surprise Office Valles reacted the way he did to Hughes. In his eyes, the 14-year-old appeared not only much older, but less innocent – guilty even. Black children are dehumanized and stripped of their innocence and the errors that come with child-

hood and adolescence. That led Valles to confront and attack Hughes as if he were his physical and mental equal, a fully-grown man. Law enforcement should not work this way. They swore to serve and protect, not spurn and reject. A child should never be made to feel unsafe in the presence of an officer of the law, especially one called upon to curb a hostile situation. If officials purposed to uphold the entirety of the law cannot be trusted,

then where do people seek refuge, where do they go to get help – a change needs to happen. A 14-year-old should not be the latest face of police violence, the line needs to be drawn somewhere – and it’s here. Given the socio-political climate, this situation could have ended a lot worse. Thankfully, Hughes is not another statistic, another faceless black body in the morgue of police violence and indifference. Time to put a cap on the unruly child, America.

The Main Point is the opinion of the newspaper’s editorial board. Columns are the opinions of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the full staff, Texas State University Student Media, the School of Journalism and Mass Communication or Texas State University.



Breast-feeding should be a private activity

Nursing mothers should not be harrassed




here is nothing wrong with a mother feeding her child in public areas. Breast-feeding a child is a completely natural and innocent act. Unfortunately, nursing mothers these days will face plenty of requests and demands to cover up, leave an establishment or stop feeding their children. The people making these special requests fail to realize how rude it is to interrupt dinnertime—especially for babies. Many of the arguments against breast-feeding in public are that the display of a mother’s breast is inappropriate, or the process itself is downright disgusting. Some people see the nurturing aspect of a breast and immediately correlate it to something lewd. That mindset is shameful. Why should the natural duty of a mother be downgraded as something similar to streaking or sexual nudity? The intention of the nursing mother is to simply feed her child. This process is vital to a child’s nourishment and represents a motherly intimacy that should be both celebrated and respected. Just because a mother’s breast is partially exposed does not mean breast-feeding is R rated. The breast is not there to please anyone except her baby. The nursing mother is not there to fulfill people’s fantasies or spoil their delicate innocence. The cry of indecency is far from logical, as the definition of indecency revolves around something that is morally or sexually offensive. Last time I checked, breast-feeding is not a sex crime— nor should it be. If it is such a crime to breastfeed a child in public, then sue

motherhood. What is truly immoral is actually demanding a mother to stop nurturing her child, and make her move to unsanitary and uncomfortable environments to do so. A special room for breastfeeding mothers is not available in every public establishment, and such discrimination is a far worse crime. Covering up only benefits the offended. In most cases, a blanket on a hot summer day is a definite no-go for babies. Babies are people too, and eating in the darkness is not a preferable dinner setting. Those fussy rascals will not put up with that cover-up nonsense, and trying to maintain coverage forces a mother to focus more on “decency” than the actual point of breast-feeding. In addition, I doubt anyone would enjoy eating or feeding their loved ones in a bathroom stall or locker room, or being forced to accommodate someone else’s easilyprovoked nature. If individuals do not like the sight of breast-feeding, I suggest they turn away, or find other locations to roam. Requiring women to defer to the lewd connotation some people have regarding breast-feeding degrades the humanity of the nursing mother. The intolerant behavior gives the impression that the well-being of an individual trumps the well-being of mother and child, and that breast-feeding is somehow equivalent to peeing in public. According to Texas state law, a mother is entitled to breast-feed her baby in any location she is authorized to be in. Only two states in America do not have laws to protect a mother’s right to breastfeed in public. Unless individuals live in West Virginia or Idaho, they should stop harassing mothers and start minding their own business. The only people mothers should have to look out for are their babies, and those babies have as much a right to eat in an open and comfortable setting as the objecting person has the right to an opinion. However, babies come first.





—Monique Guerrero is physics freshman

The University Star Editor-in-Chief...........................................Kelsey Bradshaw, Managing Editor.......................Imani McGarrell, News Editor........................................................Anna Herod, Sports Editor.............................................Quixem Ramirez, Lifestyle Editor.........................................Mariah Simank, Opinions Editor..........................................Brandon Sams, Multimedia Editor......................................Preslie Cox, Copy Desk Chief....................................Abby Marshall,


reast-feeding should be kept private. There, I said it. I’d prefer not to be subjected to exposed breasts while I’m eating Chipotle. When it comes to breast-feeding in private, I am all for it. It is a natural, wonderful activity which can be a beneficial bonding experience for the mother as well as the child. However, I take issue when breast-feeding involves a woman taking off her shirt in a place where it is not otherwise proper. A restaurant or park bench is not an appropriate place to suddenly strip down naked. While breast-feeding is an entirely natural thing, taking your shirt off in the middle of a meal is not. Women and men are not the same. Sorry. This is not to say they are not all equal, because we absolutely are. The point I’m trying to make is though we are all created equally, men and women were not created identically. While it is considered all right for a man to walk around shirtless, it would not be considered appropriate for a woman to do the same. The fact that men and women are born with different body parts plays a large role in why there is such a stigma around breastfeeding in a communal setting. Women have something men do not: breasts. This means women are frequently objectified by something that came affixed to their bodies. We live in a society where women’s breasts are highly sexualized. Instead of being seen as the gloriously

nourishing objects they are, breasts are seen as something only useful during sex. While this is obviously wrong, we happen to be stuck in this society. Barring some huge social shift, there is not a lot people can do to enact an immediate change to this ideology. The social view of breasts essentially means when women decide to take off their shirts in public—even if it is only to breast-feed—they are baring a part of themselves society associates with sex. Even breastfeeding, an activity whose mere existence proves that breasts are not intended to be sexual objects, is something a large part of us are not comfortable with seeing in public. Though breast-feeding in a public setting can make some people uncomfortable, there are compromises that can unite people on both sides of the issue. One such settlement to help people meet in the middle is for a woman to simply defer to a more private area to breastfeed. Though this solution is not perfect, it does accommodate other people’s opinions on the issue without compromising one’s own views. Women would be able to breast-feed when they choose, while still accommodating others’ preferences. One of the shortcomings of this compensation is the lack of proper private areas for women to breast-feed in public places. I realize not having a comfortable place to breast-feed is a huge problem for nursing mothers, but this compromise can help ease the tension between naysayers and those who approve of being able to breast-feed wherever they please. Yes, breast-feeding is a natural occurrence, but please take into account those of us who may not want to be subjected to a topless woman over dinner. Before choosing to strip down naked in the middle of a restaurant or at a park, think about other people’s sensitivities. —Allison Chavez is a journalism freshman

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The University Star is the student newspaper of Texas State University and is published every Monday and Thursday of the spring and fall and every other Wednesday in the summer semesters. It is distributed on campus and throughout San Marcos at 8 a.m. on publication days with a distribution of 6,000. Printing and distribution is by the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung. Copyright Thursday, October 15, 2015. All copy, photographs and graphics appearing in The University Star are the exclusive property of The University Star and may not be reproduced without the expressed written consent of the editor in chief. The first five issues of each edition of the paper are free. Additional copies of the paper can be purchased at 50¢ per copy. Contact The University Star office at (512) 245-3487 to purchase additional copies.

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Thursday, October 15, 2015 | 5

The University Star


Quixem Ramirez, Sports Editor @quixem @universitystar



Adjusted for pace and strength of schedule, the Texas State men’s basketball team had the nation’s 331st-most efficient offense last season. For context, there are 351 Division I teams. While defense remains a staple of Coach Danny Kaspar’s system—Texas State placed 62nd in adjusted defensive efficiency—the offense didn’t pull its weight last year. Kaspar is tinkering with a screen-and-roll offense this season, incorporating the team’s post motion offense, which features Emani Gant, senior forward, as the primary option. A screen-and-roll offense needs guards to run the system without a hitch. The Bobcats are losing D.J. Brown and Wesley Davis, a backcourt duo who combined for 1,745 minutes last year. JaMarcus Weatherspoon— another member of last year’s backcourt rotation— transferred to Southern this season. While on the court, Weatherspoon utilized 20.4 percent of the team’s possessions. Suffice to say, there are minutes and opportunity at guard. Kaspar is looking for K.J. Malveau, freshman guard, Bobby Conley, junior guard, and Anthony Roberson, sophomore guard, to fill the vacancies. Kaspar hopes Conley will play multiple positions. Conley, a transfer from Palm Beach State Junior College, provides Kaspar with ball handling, defense and shoot-

ing. He averaged 11 points and four assists while tallying 53 steals last season. Malveau is the offenseminded guard of the bunch, averaging over 20 points per game at Everman High School prior to injuring his shoulder and missing the rest of the season. Roberson is expected to play at small forward and backup Kavin Gilder-Tilbury, junior forward. The priority for Roberson is defense. “That’s where we still might have a little bit of an Achilles heel, and we’ll find out if we are covered there or not,” Kaspar said. Conley, Malveau and Roberson are complementing Ethan Montalvo, senior guard, who is returning to the team. Perimeter shooting—or the lack thereof—cramped Texas State’s spacing and allowed multiple defenders to be sent to Gant, the Bobcats’ best offensive player. The Bobcats attempted 506 3-pointers last season and converted on 31.5 percent of 3-pointers. The team ranked 287th in 3-point percentage and 289th in 3-pointers attempted. It’s up to Montalvo, who accounted for 32 percent of the team’s 3-point attempts, to increase his efficiency without sacrificing volume. “Last year he had some shooting slumps,” Kaspar said. “Hopefully Ethan is going to be very confident, much more confident, where he can be more consistently effective as far as an offensive player is concerned.” The guard rotation is still not settled, but Kaspar has plenty of options to choose from.


Formidable frontcourt: Gant and Gilder-Tilbury form what Kaspar believes will be one of the best frontcourts in the Sun Belt Conference. The trick, of course, is for Kaspar to get Gant and Gilder-Tilbury to buy into his philosophy. Accountability and toughness are the tenets of basketball for Kaspar. Kaspar is looking for maturity and toughness in Gant and Gilder-Tilbury. The coach recalled when Gant allowed emotions to get the best of him against UTSA. He earned his second technical, resulting in an automatic ejection, and the Roadrunners turned a two-

point deficit into a 12-point lead. Gilder-Tilbury faced the same maturity questions. Kaspar brought up an instance when Gilder-Tilbury wasn’t happy with the offense. He blamed the offense for his shooting woes. “I brought him in my office and said, ‘Okay, what’s the difference?’” Kaspar said. “‘What happened? What is it that makes it to where you hit the shots and to where you don’t hit them?’ And there was a lot of silence in the room. Again, you brought these questions up, and that’s why I bring up the word maturity.”

Gant and Gilder-Tilbury almost represented one-third of Texas State’s offense last year. But the potential is there for even more this season. “If those two will do what I ask them to, I agree with you that they have the ability to make big waves in the league,” Kaspar said. Gant’s defense: Kaspar made it a point to discuss Gant’s defense. He wants more defense from his senior forward, who led the team in scoring and rebounding last season. “I can’t just make it about your scoring, Emani (Gant),” Kaspar said. “We love you as a scorer. You’re very pretty as

an offensive player. He needs more makeup as a defensive player.” This challenge shouldn’t come as a surprise to Gant, given Kaspar’s defensive background. “He’ll smile at it because he’s heard it all the time,” Kaspar said. “These young men. I think Emani (Gant) has the ability to go play overseas, I really do. We gotta make this about our team, but we also have to make it about (Emani Gant) being successful on the next level too.”



–STAR FILE PHOTO By Autumn Anderson SPORTS REPORTER @aaautumn_

The Texas State women’s basketball team is no stranger to injury. During the ninth game of last year’s season, Kaitlin Walla, redshirt sophomore guard, went down with an ACL injury. Through her eight games played, Walla averaged 7.6 points and 2.6 rebounds while shooting 48.8 percent. Now that Walla is returning to the court, one of her teammates is taking her place on the sideline. Erin Peoples, senior forward, will miss this season with an ACL injury. “Er in will be back, though—for tunately for us—next year,” said Coach

Zenarae Antoine. “She’ll be back to join McKinley Bostad, who will also be sitting out for us this season. With all that being said, after the initial shock we weren't quite sure exactly what was going on with her knee injury. We gave it some time and after re-evaluating it, she went to the doctor and found that it was ACL.” Peoples has been a key player for the Bobcats since she was a freshman. In the 2012-13 season, Peoples was named to the WAC All-Freshman team along with being dubbed the “Iron Bobcat” by the coaching staff. Peoples already proved herself to be a crucial player on the roster by leading the team with 240 total rebounds her freshman

season as well as scoring a season-high 23 points and 12 boards against HustonTillotson. In her 2013-14 season, Peoples averaged 10.4 points and 5.9 rebounds per game, which moved her into eighth on the all-time blocks list (49) at Texas State. Last season, Peoples averaged 13.5 points and seven rebounds per game while shooting 42.6 percent. She finished the season with 404 points scored and 56 steals along with 158 made field goals. Peoples recorded seven double-doubles last season and shot 68 percent from the free throw line. Although losing Peoples will require extra responsibility, the Bobcats believe they can work with what they have to make this sea-

son successful. “So as scary as it is to lose a kid like Erin Peoples, a kid who's a potential allconference player, maybe even really player of the year with a kid like Gamble over there at Arkansas State,” Antoine said. “We still have a lot of pieces.” With Peoples on the sideline, it’s up to the rest of the team to fill her void. “Losing Erin—of course it hurts, but I think a mark of any good team is other people step up,” Walla said. “Everyone was recruited for a specific purpose… We’ll fill that hole of Erin in different ways, might not just be one player that fits everything she does. I don’t think any one person is going to fill that hole, but I think as a collective, we can.”

Peoples has been a leader for the Bobcats because of her work ethic and her game play. Antoine already has an idea that seniors Raven Burns and Ayriel Anderson will be stepping up to guide the team to where they want to be, as well as Walla. “A kind of emerging leader you’ll find, as well, is gonna be Kaitlin Walla coming off an injury—just her energy level that she brings,” Antoine said. “A lot of the kids who haven’t had the opportunity to be around it yet don’t truly understand. The majority of the freshmen and sophomores don’t understand who she is yet. Once she gets out there, I think they'll naturally fall in line.” For Anderson, this is her last season as a Bobcat. Be-

ing a senior point guard has its obvious leadership duties, but now that the team has lost Peoples, those responsibilities are even more crucial. “I feel like Coach Z has always asked a lot from me, but this year its way more— especially the leadership piece,” Anderson said. “I feel like I've always had to have that leadership piece being a point guard. Now that Erin, being that vocal and hardworking just dog out there every day in practice and in the games (is out for the season), I have to be her times 10 now and get everybody gathered and ready for the season.” The Bobcats begin their season Nov. 13 in College Station against Texas A&M.

6 | Thursday, October 15, 2015


The University Star Quixem Ramirez, Sports Editor @quixem @universitystar


Bobcats focusing on offense before matchup against Ragin’ Cajuns By Donavan Jackson SPORTS REPORTER @djack_02

Assistant coach Link Scoggins addressed a number of aspects in the Texas State soccer team’s offense following Sunday’s 2-1 loss to South Alabama. “It’s really just the simple things,” Scoggins said. “Even if it’s just completing the passes, strong tackles, applying pressure and really just finishing any opportunities that we have.” Texas State is on a threegame losing streak after winning seven in a row. Currently ranked eighth in the Sun Belt Conference, the Bobcats have four games remaining to improve their conference record with the postseason tournament approaching.

Louisiana-Lafayette, 2-3-1 in conference play, is the first match of the weekend. The Ragin’ Cajuns are in a similar situation like Texas State. Both teams have the opportunity to move up three or four spots in the standings with a win. The fourth-ranked spot in the tournament is up for grabs right now with five schools that have two wins. “These last few games are very crucial for us,” said Ali Jones, junior midfielder. “We’re working towards winning out, so we’re in a good position for the tournament.” Eight teams make the Sun Belt Conference tournament, which has added a sense of urgency to getting the team back on track. The Bobcats have tweaked the offensive formation in hopes of spreading the attack

out and allowing chances to switch the field. The formation change allows for the defense to recover from backline mistakes as well. Texas State has allowed at least two goals in their past four matches. The Ragin’ Cajuns are producing almost identical numbers to the Bobcats, offensively. Texas State has recorded 105 shots on goal to Louisiana-Lafayette’s 100. “They’re a team that likes to spread the field,” Scoggins said. “If we can stay compact and play at a good pace, then we should be able to handle whatever they throw at us.” Louisiana-Lafayette’s leading attacker is Annika Schmidt, junior forward. Schmidt has played in all 16 games along with recording 22 shots, six goals and two assists.


The Bobcats will look to Lynsey Curry, senior forward, and Lauren Prater, junior forward, to create some offensive momentum. Curry and Prater combined for 100 shots, 14 goals and six assists. Defensively, Caitlynn Rine-

hart, senior goalkeeper, will have to perform like her usual self in the new defensive setting. Rinehart has started 12 of the 13 games while recording 30 saves and four shutouts. “Coming off our last game,

we feel pretty confident even though we didn't get the results we wanted,” Jones said. “(Lafayette is) a great team and it will be a great game, but we feel like we can step up and get started on winning out the remaining games.”



For the first time this season, the Texas State men’s golf team played as a collective unit in Houston last weekend. Texas State finished in fourth place at the Bayou

City Classic, placing only behind Kansas, Nor th Texas and Houston. Never theless, Coach Shane Howell was not only proud of their placing, but how they played as a team. “No one player stood out,” Howell said. “It was really a total team effort.” During the past two

tournaments, the team members did not get into a rhythm but had great individual performances instead. In their first tournament at St. Mary’s, junior David Faraudo led the Bobcats with a 31st-place finish. In the Sun Belt Conference Preview, senior Justin

Newby was the lone Bobcat at in the top 20. This time around, the Bobcats changed that pattern with consistent play from the entire team. Texas State finished with a score of 885. Newby and junior Anthony McGeorge placed in the top 20 with scores of 220 and 219. The

team had 44 birdies, third most in the tournament and was one of the only teams to record an eagle. But there were some missteps for Texas State on the opening day of the tournament. “We got off to another shaky start in the f irst round,” Howell said. “We

have been talking about just to stay in the process and keep moving forward.” And move forward they did. After posting a score of 306 on the first day of play, the Bobcats posted scores of 286 and 289 the final two days of competition.

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Thursday, October 15, 2015 | 7

The University Star


Quixem Ramirez, Sports Editor @quixem @universitystar




By Matt Gurevitz SENIOR SPORTS REPORTER @Matt_Gurevitz

A season sweep of the UTArlington Mavericks is in reach for the Texas State volleyball team. The Bobcats have not accomplished this feat since 2012, which is the last time the team won in Arlington. “UTA is a home court advantage team,” said Coach Karen Chisum. “It’s always a battle there and it won’t be any different on Thursday night.”

These familiar foes played against each other Oct. 6, resulting in a five-set game (30-28, 25-19, 25-27, 20-25, 15-13) in Strahan Coliseum. The Bobcats nearly won the match in the third set, which was tied 24-24, but the Mavericks came out on top with two kills. Texas State allowed UTA to rally back as the Mavericks pushed the Bobcats all the way until the end in a thrilling Sun Belt matchup. “We should have won set three, but you never expect these Sun Belt teams to go

down easy,” Chisum said. “To have our match go to five sets and us winning 15-13 in the last set just shows what kind of team we are.” The Bobcats will show again what kind of team they are on Thursday night in the College Park Center. Last year when the team traveled to Arlington, the Mavericks won in three sets (27-25, 25-21, 25-15). Jordan Kohl, sophomore right side, Shelby Vas Matt, junior outside hitter and Kelsey Weynand, junior outside hitter, did not play their

best in last season’s matchup against the Mavericks. The three combined a .017 hit percentage with nine kills in the match and will need to play better in order for Texas State to have success. UTA was the team’s first loss in the Sun Belt Conference last year. They were 6-1 in the conference following the game. Texas State is currently 6-1 this year. With a win, the Bobcats can create ground between them and the Mavericks. “I’m happy to have a good

start in the Sun Belt, but I’m not satisfied,” Chisum said. “It’s nice having a bit of a cushion, but we need to keep going.” The Bobcats have won seven of their last nine games and are confident going into Arlington, especially after already beating them this year. “It’s huge for us to have already beaten them,” Chisum said. “We have enough belief in ourselves now that we know we can beat them again.” If the team does beat them again, they will need

to contain Qiana Canete, Mavericks sophomore outside hitter, who is fifth in the conference in kills with 254 and Stacey Koch, Mavericks senior outside hitter, who ranks seventh in the Sun Belt with 244 kills. The match tonight will be the second of the Bobcats’ five-game road trip. It will be a good opportunity to show others the Bobcats are one of the elite teams in the conference.

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