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Cliff Caskey, owner of Caskey Farms, poses Oct. 30 with a dog at his farm in San Marcos.

Local farmer discusses effects of drought, life in agriculture By Alexa Tavarez NEWS REPORTER


estled away near the end of El Camino Way rests Caskey Orchards, a 10acre farm with the sort of rustic character that can only be fostered over countless afternoons as paint fades and rocking chairs creak on porches. Cliff Caskey grows peaches throughout the year and sells exclusively at farmers markets in Central Texas. Like many other

farmers, Caskey has suffered from severe drought conditions and suburban growth. "I lost trees because I didn't have enough water to keep them alive," Caskey said. "With limited growth on the trees because of limited water, it's been hard." This year, Caskey suffered a 55 percent crop loss due to difficult weather conditions. The loss made producing his weekly quota of 50 to 100 boxes of peaches difficult. "I don't know that there's ever

been an extremely easy time for farmers," Caskey said. "The problem today is a man can't buy land and use it by farming. It's got too expensive." Suburban growth has also had an impact on Caskey’s business. "People in suburbia don't really understand that they're killing what's feeding them," Caskey said. "As hard as we try to teach, we have generations that don't know what farm life is." Caskey lost 75 of the 300 peach trees in his orchard be-

hind San Marcos High School (SMHS) because city officials ordered the construction of a road through it. "I had a lot of money tied up in the trees, and I really didn't get reimbursed for what I had in them," Caskey said. Caskey has developed a strong client base despite the difficult circumstances. Caskey Orchards was the product of his "scientific" curiosity.

See CASKEY, Page 2


University not solely responsible for trash accumulation in river By Jake Goodman NEWS REPORTER A predator lurks in the San Marcos River that is killing wildlife and disrupting the ecosystem, but this menace is not an animal. The improper disposal of trash causes litter to wash into the San Marcos River during rainfall. Amy Kirwin, solid waste program coordinator for the City of San Marcos, said the trash accumulation cannot be attributed to any specific group, but it is more abundant during the summer tubing season. The city combats the trash accumulation with monthly cleanups, contractors, volunteer organizations and community education programs.

“I walked twice a week up to campus and back recently, and I definitely saw an increase in trash—cigarette butts as well,” Kirwin said. Trash dumped on the ground flows into the river after rain, said Melani Howard, habitat conservation plan manager for the City of San Marcos. The trash then flows toward the ocean and becomes caught in circular currents if not removed. “Any trash is harmful, but hydrocarbons and containers are especially harmful,” said Dianne Wassenich, program director for the San Marcos River Foundation. Howard said plastic dumped in the river does not biodegrade but breaks into smaller pieces

1 of 3 A University Star original series


Litter from campus is pushed into the river by rainfall. that absorb toxins. The fish and turtles that live in the river of-

Mayor says contributions had no effect on La Cima development By Jon Wilcox NEWS REPORTER Mayor Daniel Guerrero received campaign contributions from a law firm with direct ties the La Cima developers more than one year before city council began discussions with that group Guerrero said the money had no influence on his decisions to approve the project because he received the contributions years before city council began working with the La Cima developers. “This contribution took place four years ago,” Guerrero said. “We didn’t get started with the (La Cima) conversations until 2011 and 2012. You’re talking about a campaign that was four years ago and a project that didn’t come through until two years later.” Guerrero received a total of $750 in a twopart contribution from Lazy Oaks Ranch, LP, a law firm with close ties to La Cima developers, according to a 2010 campaign finance document DuBois, Bryant & Campbell, LLP contributed the donations to Guerrero’s campaign in Oct. 2010, according to the document. Lazy Oaks Ranch, LP is registered with the San Marcos Chamber of Commerce. The organization is registered with the same address and phone number as DuBois, Bryant & Campbell, LLP, according to the chamber of commerce and law firm websites. City council began discussions with Lazy Oaks Ranch developers in 2012, according to the minutes from a Feb. 7, 2012 public meeting on the Lazy Oaks Ranch property now known as La Cima. The goal was the construction of a “high-quality mixture of low-density residential” development on approximately 1,400 acres adjacent to the San Marcos Academy. Two of the Lazy Oaks Ranch representatives, Bill Bryant and Brian Lee, who are identified in the Feb. 7, 2012 public meeting minutes, are partners at DuBois, Bryant & Campbell, according to the firm’s website. Councilman Shane Scott, Place 6, received three donations of $250 each from Lee, Bryant and E. Scott Lineberry, according to campaign finance records from 2012.

See TRASH, Page 2

See LA CIMA, Page 2


Police identify suspect in Vistas robbery attempt By Mariah Simank SENIOR NEWS REPORTER San Marcos police have identified a juvenile suspect who could face charges for the attempted robbery at the Vistas apartment complex last month. Trey Hatt, communications specialist for the City of San Marcos, said the suspect remains hospitalized and will not be charged until he is released. This process could take months. The suspect’s name and any further information on the criminal activity are currently unavailable as the investigation is ongoing. A Vistas resident called the San Marcos Police Department Oct. 9 after coming home to find someone had entered his residence. Sgt. Chris Tureaud said in an Oct. 9 University Star article the resident arrived at his apartment and found the door

was locked. He proceeded to enter the apartment, where he witnessed the male suspect attempting to get away by climbing down the balcony. “The resident came home and found his door locked, and the perpetrator went out the back on the balcony of the fifth floor and tried to shimmy his way down, but then he apparently lost his grip and fell to the ground,” Tureaud said. Jeff Clark, San Marcos Fire Department battalion chief, said the male suspect fell from a balcony on the fifth floor and sustained life-threatening injuries. Officials with Starflight airlifted him to University Medical Center Brackenridge in Austin. “You know, obviously with a fall of that magnitude—that is why we flew him out, because of his condition and the mechanics of a big fall,” Clark said.

Recent film, tv production in San Marcos benefits local businesses By Frank Campos NEWS REPORTER Recent film projects in downtown San Marcos have increased tourism for businesses, benefiting the growing economy. Filming of the sequel to the 1993 cult classic “Dazed and Confused” by director Richard

Linklater began in October. Production of the film, titled “That's What I'm Talking About,” has wrapped production on campus. However, the crew is still using the streets of downtown to portray the 1980s. Linklater started shooting his film a few weeks after ABC Studios finished filming the TV se-


Anjela Daugherty, art history senior, takes orders from customers Oct. 31 at Stellar Cafe.

ries American Crime in San Marcos. Downtown businesses have felt the impact of back-to-back productions, said Debbie Dietz, facilities and events coordinator for the Parks and Recreation Department. “The city has been very fortunate to be able host a production by ABC and now a film by Richard Linklater,” Dietz said. “I am now their point of contact, and although there have been a few issues like parking and stopping traffic for very short periods of time, for the most part, the City of San Marcos as well as its businesses have benefited from them being here.” City council, the Main Street Program and the Parks and Recreation Department have worked together to make the city a desirable destination for filmmakers while providing economic growth to San Marcos, Dietz said. The city requires production companies to fill out permits and

See FILMING, Page 2

2 | The University Star | News | Tuesday, November 4, 2014

FILMING, from front speak to business owners who may be affected before filming, she said. “Although we have had filming done in the past, we are still learning and adjusting as far as how much paperwork and permits we require,” Dietz said. “From coordinating with the police to working with traffic, we want to become a film-friendly city.” The growth of filming in San Marcos has prompted city officials to employ an official to handle all aspects of production from start to finish, Dietz said. “We want to be a city that can compete with Austin and accommodate any production that will benefit the citizens of San Mar-

cos,” Dietz said. Kayli Head, coordinator for the Main Street Program, said she has been working with the businesses and production companies to coordinate during filming. “I think that both of the productions we have had here recently have done a very good job with communicating with all of our businesses,” Head said. “The process and execution may not be perfect, but as long as they can keep communication open and honest, people will be happy to have more filming done in our city.” Closing streets was the biggest challenge for both productions, but all businesses remained open,

Head said. Some were compensated depending on their use during filming. “Not only is it really awesome to see San Marcos showcased, it’s amazing to see the economic effect on the downtown area,” Head said. “All these people are eating from our downtown restaurants and shopping at our stores. They are putting money into one of the most important assets San Marcos has: locally owned businesses.” Filming of Linklater’s production has taken place primarily on weekdays during peak business hours for the downtown area, said Michaela Kovaric, owner of the Stellar Café on North LBJ Drive.

TRASH, from front ten mistake the plastic for food and die from eating the toxic material. “People just don’t take the time to walk a few extra steps to the trash can,” Kirwin said. Wassenich said trash accumulation increases in September after students return from summer vacation because people are unaware of the consequences of littering. Overall, the university generates less litter than other areas of the city, Wassenich said. However, all of the trash dumped on campus grounds flows directly into the river because the university is at a higher elevation. “(At Texas State) the ground is very steep, as anyone who’s ever walked on campus has probably noticed,” said Travis Tidwell, monitoring program coordinator for the Texas Stream Team at the Meadows Center. “So it doesn’t take a whole lot of rain to create enough force to carry trash off of the campus and downhill to the creek.” Tidwell said most of the trash in the river is not thrown in directly but washes in from unsecured areas after being thrown out of vehicles. Kirwin said city officials pay contractors and a parks crew to remove trash within San Marcos limits. Volunteer organizations also keep the river free of trash. “I have one contractor called Pristine (Texas) Rivers who scuba dive(s) to pull trash out of the river,” Howard said. The Keep San Marcos Beautiful program conducts a monthly litter cleanup along the banks of the river the first Saturday of every month, Kirwin said. Major trash cleanup also takes place every March.

“I just think it’s wrong for the city taxpayers to have to pay contractors to clean up after other people,” Howard said. Todd Derkacz, president of the San Marcos Greenbelt Alliance, said educational outreach programs and the availability of trash receptacles has decreased the waste accumulation in the river. However, trash levels have increased outside of the city limits near Don’s Fish Camp in Martindale. The ban on cans enacted two years ago in New Braunfels drove tubers to San Marcos, Tidwell said. The additional tubers brought more trash with them. “It’s just astonishing that the mentality of some of the tubers is to dump their trash in the river,” Wassenich said. Tidwell said officials with the outfitters outside city limits have tried to discourage littering by giving trash bags to tubers and sending staff members to clean the river. Kirwin said littering is worse outside of the city limits because no ordinances or park rangers are present to discourage the practice. “When you don’t have those protective elements, it exacerbates the situation,” Howard said. Howard said the Keep San Marcos Beautiful program partnered with Texas State Oct. 31 on a social media campaign called Challenge SMTX. The campaign is an invitation for community members to challenge each other to pick up trash and post about it on social media. “We’re hoping to modify behaviors to keep San Marcos beautiful,” Howard said.

“We have definitely felt the positive effects from filming in downtown,” Kovaric said. “A lot of the guys working on the production come in here all the time, and that makes more customers come in because everyone wants to see Linklater or a movie star.” Some problems may arise from filming, but positive effects outweigh any negatives, Kovaric said. “Parking issues and blocking a road for five minutes is a small price to pay to receive so much attention,” Kovaric said. Not every business has felt the positive influences of filming downtown, said Kim Moreland, manager of CCI Computer Ser-

vice. Moreland said CCI has not benefited from the filming because the business does not sell food or merchandise. “We service computers and depend on our citizens to bring in their items to get repaired,” Moreland said. “With the parking issues we saw our business slow down dramatically.” Moreland noticed the effort by the production companies to keep her informed and make the process as smooth as possible despite the inconvenience. Moreland said filming will only lead to a positive outcome for the growing city.

CASKEY, from front

LA CIMA, from front

"What had happened was I had a man up in Dripping Springs who we put up an orchard to get a peach orchard going, and he up and gave me a bunch of trees," Caskey said. "I planted them and got fooling with them, and that started the whole thing." Caskey owns several properties, including the lot behind SMHS. He previously owned an orchard in Wimberley. He also has some peach trees planted on lots with separate ownership. Prior to becoming a peach farmer, Caskey spent 30 years as an AgriLife Extension agent in various counties. Eventually, he settled in Hays County. "Back when I was county agent, I started growing peaches because there were people in the county that were having trouble growing peaches," Caskey said. "They wanted to know why they couldn't grow peach trees here." Peaches grow in acidic, sandy soil, Caskey said. Hays County soil is primarily clay, Caskey said. "I kept fiddling around with it until I discovered if I used a different root stock, I could grow (peach) trees with it," Caskey said. "Then I started planting more peaches than I could eat." Caskey's "scientific hunting" has led to experiments growing different varieties of apples in Wimberley. "Back when Budd Barnett was county judge and had his ranch out in Wimberley, we put 5,000 apple trees out there on his place," Caskey said. "We tried a new system because the cotton-root rot would kill apple and pear trees." Caskey's efforts were ultimately successful. He discovered a variety of apples trees could be planted in Wimberley. "I've got apple trees and pear trees growing right here," Caskey said. Much of his expertise and success can be attributed to his interest in agriculture and farming as a young man. Caskey drove tractors for his neighbors, loaded hogs and hoed and picked cotton even after his family moved off its farm. "I was born on a farm," Caskey said. "For some reason or another I just loved farming."

Lineberry is listed as a partner at DuBois, Bryant & Campbell, according to the firm’s website. Other 2010 campaign finance records for city council and mayoral candidates could not be obtained. “The election records from 2010 met their retention period and were destroyed in accordance with Election Code Section 254.040,” according to an email from City Clerk Jamie Lee Pettijohn. The city council unanimously passed a resolution at a Sept. 16 meeting authorizing Lazy Oaks Ranch, LP to begin construction of 2,400 singlefamily homes at the La Cima property, according to minutes. Guerrero said any campaign contributions he receives never enter into his decision-making process. “I’ve based my decision on things that (the developers and I) discussed on the merits of the development itself,” Guerrero said. “This contribution had nothing to do with my decision to support anything, nor did any of the contributions (from that election).” Guerrero believes the La Cima development is important because it will provide upscale housing, something San Marcos currently lacks but desperately needs, he said. “One of the critical needs we have in San Marcos is for diversity of housing,” Guerrero said. “And probably one of the significant deficits that we have when it comes to housing is executive housing: homes where, you know, a major business owner, a manufacturer, would choose to reside while (he or she) has a business in the municipal boundaries. We have virtually none.” “Executive housing”-style homes have values starting from $500,000, he said. Providing executive housing in San Marcos city limits will bring jobs and business to the area and increase city revenue through property tax, Guerrero said. “If somebody is looking to come and make an investment and to bring several hundred jobs, a thousand (jobs), that person is going to want to live pretty close to their investment,” Guerrero said. “That was a big deciding factor in what (La Cima) was bringing to the community.”


Texas State administration keeps watchful eye on grade inflation By Nicholas Laughlin NEWS REPORTER Although grade inflation at Texas State is average compared to other universities across the state, the university is looking to lessen the impact of the issue. Grade inflation is the theory that grades awarded to students increase with time, said Joseph Meyer, director of Institutional Research. In the 1920s the typical grade point average (GPA) was 2.3 and 2.5, now the average GPA is over 3.1. Nationally, grades have gone up by a letter grade over the past 80 or 90 years, Meyer said. “Grade inflation (at Texas State) is no more than it would be at any other institution,” Meyer said. “It is roughly about the same as what we see in other universities.” Grade inflation has been an issue in academia since the 1960s, according to a March 4, 2010 Teachers College Record article. According to the article, the mean GPA of an institution is dependent on the average quality of the student body and whether it is public or private. Meyer said grade inflation is higher at private schools, such as Harvard and Yale. “The private schools might argue, ‘the reason why our students do so well is because our students are

so great,’” Meyer said. The fact that grades increase over time has been proven, but how that has occurred is being debated, Meyer said. “Students expect higher grades,” said Anne Winchell, English professor. “There is a pressure (from students) to give them that.” According to the article, a likely influence of grade inflation is the emergence of the now required studentbased evaluations of college teachers. “Grades really have gone up,” Meyer said. The cause of grade inflation that began in the 1980s is subject to debate and it is difficult to tell what caused the increase, according to the article. There are two sides to why grades have increased over the years, Meyer said. “Some are concerned that schools aren’t being that rigorous in their grading policies and are more willing to give out high grades for lower quality works,” Meyer said. “Others argue that the quality instruction has improved, and that the students that are going to college today are better prepared.” Universities, on average, are grading easier than before, according to the article. Winchell said she tries to resist inflating grades, but it is hard when students have

“multiple conferences” to discuss their grade. According to the article, grades are used by teachers to motivate students and by graduate schools, professional schools and employers to identify “promising candidates.” However, grading differs at each institution and within different disciplines so that GPA comparisons are difficult, according to the article. Winchell said she sets the bar for her classes by telling her student’s a “C” on an essay is an average grade so they do not expect an “A” on their first paper. “The students who want a higher grade will usually drop the class after hearing that,” Winchell said. Texas State is working with classes like math and English in which students struggle to help students improve their grades, Meyer said. “There is some level of grade inflation across the board,” Winchell said. “Professors are tying to fight (grade inflation).” Supplemental instruction and improved tutoring services are put in place to help students, Meyer said. “To me it seems like the improvement in those classes is due to genuine improvement from services and efforts to help students be more successful,” Meyer said. COLLEGE SKI & BOARD WEEK br e c k e n r i dge

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Stephanie Noll, senior lecturer, teaches an English class Oct. 31 in Flowers Hall.


Tim Hayes, nutrition and geography senior, fine tunes gears Oct. 23 at The Bike Cave.

The University Star | Thursday, Octobr 30, 2014 | 3


FOOTBALL Quick Five is a new University Star segment in which Sports Editor Quixem

Ramirez and Paul Livengood tackle five quick-hitting questions regarding the Texas State football team.


1. Six. That was a game

the Bobcats should win. New Mexico State is ranked towards the bottom of the Sun Belt in nearly every statistical category, so I expected the Bobcats to win. Getting special teams contributions from Terrence Franks, senior running back, was nice to see.

2. Not too much we al-

ready haven’t seen. Texas State ran the ball well, and the defense continued to struggle, giving up 639 total yards. All that I take away is that Texas State played solidly aside from the defensive side of the ball, doing just enough to outscore the Aggies.

3. Seven. Winning seven

games would be a success because it ensures the Bobcats will be bowl eligible for the second year in a row. Growth in the program is all Texas State fans can ask for. Winning the conference seems very unlikely at this point. In the last four games, Texas State will play three of the top five teams in the Sun Belt. 7-5 is the realistic best-case scenario unless they get hot over the next four games.

4. No, I don’t believe so.

No one has been able to stop their rushing attack, or else they would not lead the nation in rushing yards. Allowing 300 or more rushing yards is basically a lock.

5. Georgia Southern 42,

Texas State 28. It will be an offensive shootout, and the nation’s topranked rushing attack will expose the Bobcat defense. Texas State has been notorious all year long for giving up deep shots in the passing game, which plays into Georgia Southern’s hands when they decide to mix it up. The Eagles are the superior offensive team.

of the season to reach the seven-win mark. It’s certainly doable, and reaching seven wins would be a tangible improvement from last season. A 7-5 Bobcat team is a legitimate contender for a FBS bowl game as well. Anything less and the odds decrease dramatically.




1. Five. They won the game,

sure, but they allowed New Mexico State to gain 639 total yards. The defense broke rather than bent, as quarterback Tyler Rogers and running back Larry Rose III combined for 638 yards. Texas State simply gave New Mexico State enough rope to beat themselves.


2. Beating

New Mexico State, in itself, is not an accomplishment. The Aggies, Division I’s most turnoverprone team, did what they do best: give the ball to the other team. The Bobcats capitalized, putting them one step closer to bowl game eligibility for the second consecutive season.


3. Seven. Texas State needs to split the final four games


4. No.

That’s not a slight against the defense either, because nobody has slowed the Eagles’ running game, which is averaging a FBSbest 404.2 rushing yards per game. If the trend continues, Georgia Southern will be just the fourth team in Division I history to average more than 400 rushing yards per game. This is a historically potent rushing offense, and Texas State will be fortunate if they hold them to 300 yards.

5. Georgia

Southern 45, Texas State 31. The Eagles are head-and-shoulders ahead of the majority of the Sun Belt Conference. Texas State defeated Louisiana-Monroe and New Mexico State by a combined 12 points. Those teams aren’t anywhere near Georgia Southern’s stratosphere. The team is good enough to give the Eagles some trouble, but anything more might be too much to ask for.


Bobcats clinch berth in Sun Notebook: Texas State 37, New Mexico State 29 Belt Conference tournament



WHAT THE WIN MEANS Texas State took care of a lesser New Mexico State squad. The Bobcats were in control for the majority of the game, despite being handedly outgained by 209 total yards. The win was a tad disconcerting, though, considering the team needed to make a stop on the final play to ensure a victory. The Bobcats need to win decisively against the bottom feeders of the conference if the team wants to elevate to another level.

BOWL ELIGIBILTY One more win. That’s all the Bobcats need to secure bowl game eligibility for the second consecutive season. The standard has been set, and after a back-and-forth season, Texas State is in a position to approximate the expectations. The next step is to build on these expectations.

GOOD Rushing offense. The team recorded 287 rushing yards in the win, the third-highest mark this season. The team’s strength was in numbers. Tyler Jones, sophomore quarterback, led the balanced attack with 82 rushing yards. Coach Dennis Franchione incorporated Randy Price, junior wide receiver, in the offense along with the usual dose of Rob Lowe, junior running back, and Terrence Franks, senior running back. The offense was firing on all cylinders.

Second quarter. The offense hit a snag after scoring 17 points in the first quarter. Four drives, no points. Each of Texas State’s drives were shorter than four plays as New Mexico State gained enough confidence to remain in the game.

UGLY Defense. Everything New Mexico State did offensively worked. Quarterback Tyler Rogers and running back Larry Rose III spurred the offensive attack. Neither was impeded by the Bobcat defense, which allowed eight different Aggies to catch a pass. The only saving grace was turnovers. Germod Williams, sophomore safety, and Craig Mager, senior cornerback, created extra possessions for the offense with a pair of interceptions, providing the team with just enough oomph to get over the hump.

WHAT THEY SAID “I would like for us to make game-ending plays when it counts,” Coach Dennis Franchione said. “We had a couple of attempts to put the game away, but we couldn’t convert on third down.”

WHAT’S NEXT Texas State plays the 7-2 Georgia Southern Eagles Nov. 8 in its fifth home game of the season. The matchup will be broadcast on ESPN3.

By Derrick Holland SPORTS REPORTER @DHOLLAND23 Getting Caylin Mahoney, senior setter, back from injury was the cherry on top if clinching a berth in the Sun Belt Conference tournament wasn’t sweet enough for the Texas State volleyball team. Mahoney was a key contributor to Texas State’s four-set victory against South Alabama, nearly registering a quadruple-double with 41 assists, 10 digs, nine kills and six block assists. The Bobcats registered 59 kills and a .257 hitting percentage, the highest mark since Sept. 25. The defense was a key factor in the victory, with Texas State recording a season-high 14 blocks. “We started off a little rusty, but we picked up near the middle and started playing as a team,” Mahoney said. “Things really started clicking for us. Since I’m setting now, the team has to get used to a different flow to the game. I think the team adjusted really well today.” The Bobcats took a commanding 2-0 lead heading into the third set. However, South Alabama came out strong and won the third set.

The fourth set was no contest, however, with the Bobcats winning by six points. Texas State defeated Louisiana-Lafayette Oct. 31, completing the first weekend sweep on the road since Sept. 21. “This was a great road trip for us,” Coach Karen Chisum said. “We needed both of these wins, and we got them. We clinched a spot in the conference tournament, so we know that we’ll be playing in San Marcos on Thanksgiving Day. Caylin Mahoney is back in the lineup, so I’m glad we are getting her more experience and more touches leading up to the conference tournament.” Jordan Kohl, freshman right side hitter, continues to improve as the season progresses. Kohl had a team-high 16 kills and a .364 hitting percentage. The team will continue to need important contributions from its bench players if the Bobcats want to defend their conference championship. “Jordan Kohl is getting better every day,” Chisum said. “I am very pleased at where we are right now, and I am anxious to get back to Texas and play at home Saturday night.”



SEASON RECAP The Texas Stat soccer team’s 106-2 overall record is only one indication of the teams’ improvement from last season. The Bobcats began the season with a draw against UTEP. Then they kicked in to gear, spurring a four-game winning streak. Within the first five games of the season, the Bobcats were already off to a better start than the 2013 season, which they opened with a 2-3 record. “The biggest thing we needed to work on was the mental side,” Coach Kat Conner said. “I think our player have done a phenomenal job and the record speaks for it.” 10-6-2 also reflects the toughest losses of the season as the Bobcats four-game winning streak ended with back-to-back losses against TCU and UTSA. The team clinched the third seed

in the Sun Belt Conference tournament. Here are the highlights of the 2014 season.

TORI HALE REWRITES HISTORY Britney Curry holds the all-time individual career records in points (123), goals (53), 53 goals and assists (17) Tori Hale, senior forward, entered into the season with 15 careers assists. On Sept. 26, Hale rewrote soccer history as she tied the all-time assist record in a 2-1 win against Arkansas State. Hale assisted on Lynsey Curry’s, junior forward, shot that led the Bobcats to victory. “Playing another year together has given us the chance to click with each other,” Curry said. “Her energy and ability to score helps everyone come together and play better, including myself.” In her final season, Hale has continued to impact the team. She’s

started every game, playing 1,068 minutes. Since 2012, Conner has helped Hale maximize her talents on the soccer field. Breaking the assist record symbolizes her athletic capabilities while reflecting her drive to see the team succeed together. “Tori has a great mentality and always strives for excellence,” Conner said. “Hale is an overall role model for the team. She is one of those players who leads by example and you always need that type of player.”

TEAM UNITY Win, lose or draw – no game is the same. One of the toughest losses this season was against Louisiana-Monroe, 2-1. The box score appeared didn’t reflect the game accurately. “The loss against UL-Monroe was too disappointing being that we were excepted to win,” Hale said. “It knocked us off of our rhythm for a bit.” Despite the consistent pressure

and attack by the Bobcats, Louisiana-Monroe managed to score in the 53th and 68th minutes of the second half. Even though Hale assisted a comeback goal in the 61st minute to Landry Lowe, junior midfielder, the Bobcats did not capitalize on the 15 shots attempted in the second half. “It was our first lost following our loss against South Alabama,” Curry said. “We were upset with ourselves because it prevented us from having the number one spot in Sun Belt Conference.” The loss hasn’t stopped the Bobcats from improving in one of the most important aspects in sports. After winning the final home game of the season against Louisiana-Lafayette, 2-1, the team celebrated during the senior farewell ceremony. For the Bobcats, it is more than playing together. The friendships and bonds each player extends outside the locker room. “The bond we had with this team was unlike any other season,” Curry said. “Our chemistry helps us not only build personally but on the field as well.”

With Mahoney back in the lineup, the Bobcats are now able to attack from the setter position. Mahoney adds more offense at the net and has the ability to defend at a high level. The Bobcats’ 14 blocks are the most registered since Sept. 27. “Caylin is very intelligent, and she has a very high volleyball IQ,” Chisum said. “She knows the game, and she knows our players. With her on the frontline, we can pass the ball higher and tighter to the net, and she’s able to either make a set or attack.” Texas State continues to be successful by approaching matches with a balanced rotation. Seven Bobcats tallied at least five kills each, and no player had over six errors in the match. For Mahoney, finally playing after months on the sideline was refreshing. “It was awesome to finally get back out there,” Mahoney said. “I’ve been waiting for this for almost three months, and it felt so great to be back on the court with my team.” The Bobcats will defend an eight-game home winning streak in their next conference match Nov. 8 against Arkansas-Little Rock.

4 | The University Star | Tuesday, November 4, 2014



Suicide, depression prevention resources important


ust because someone has an “invisible” struggle like mental health illness does not mean he or she should feel invisible. Millenials have grown up with more access to the Internet than any previous generation. With that access comes a burst of social media usage and applications such as Tumblr. However, while some Tumblr users are quick to praise it for opening their minds, it is also known to have a huge issue when it comes to romanticizing mental illness. Black-and-white pictures with captions about pain and death make suffering seem romantic and beautiful although that is far from the reality. Glorifying suffering as a mysterious and tragic personality trait is harmful and only contributes to the misinformation already present in society about depression. According to a University Star news brief, Gregg Candelora’s body was found Tuesday on the 800 block of Chestnut Street on North LBJ Drive. The Travis County Medical Examiner’s office preliminarily

ruled Candelora’s death as a suicide. Two other suicides occurred in San Marcos within a week of his body being found. When tragic events like this happen, it is important to have open discussions about mental health illness in an effort to reduce stigma and promote awareness. Depression and other mental illnesses are the unseen struggle for 25 percent of young adults aged 18 to 24, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). Suicide is the third-highest cause of death on college campuses. Mental health is a serious problem that affects a large amount of college students, but for some reason there is still a huge stigma attached to it. Concern about stigma is the number-one reasons college students do not seek help, according to NAMI. Seeking help is not a sign of weakness. It is a sign of bravery. Mental illness is not a blanket one-size-fits-all sort of experience. Some people have it worse than others, but that does not mean it is any less

real for those suffering. Fighting every day for one’s life and happiness is the bravest thing one can do for oneself. Reaching out for help on the days it’s hard to do it alone means one is still fighting. When someone sees a person who is out of sorts and asks if he or she is okay, that person should speak. Oftentimes people say it’s fine when it’s really not fine because no one wants to be a bother, but those outside sources can be invaluable to developing stronger coping mechanisms. Coping mechanisms are another important part of living with a mental health illness. For many people, it’s a monthby-month cyclical type of struggle where some days are great and some days are rough. Dealing with sadness can be scary, and when that wave starts to come down, it’s easy to try and run away instead of facing it with your life vest on. Recognizing how warning signs feel before depression gets to a bad place is an important part of self-awareness. Employing life rafts before the

tide comes in can help a person weather the storm. Coping mechanisms can be anything from going on a jog to writing everything down or dancing it out to hardcore French screamo—whatever helps the person feel better. Finding one’s coping mechanisms is a very individualized process because they aren’t all the same for everyone. It’s important to note that although friends and family can be a part of someone’s coping mechanisms, they shouldn’t be all that people lean on. Coping mechanisms can be a Band-Aid on the much-larger wound, and sometimes seeking professional

help is the best way to work on healing that wound. Dealing with mental illness is a very alienating thing to experience, and those who suffer from it can often feel alone or invisible. However, the first step to feeling seen again can be reaching out a hand for help. There are people ready and willing to provide assistance and support for someone who decides to step into the light. The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is 1-800-273-8255. The Austin Travis County Integral Care 24/7 Crisis Hotline is 512-472-4357. MELINA SWEET STAR ILLUSTRATOR

The Main Point is the opinion of the newspaper’s editorial board. Columns are the opinions of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the full staff, Texas State University Student Media, the School of Journalism and Mass Communication or Texas State University.


Officials should promote academics, not athletics

Brandon Sams ASSISTANT OPINIONS EDITOR Public relations sophomore


exas State University administrators and students should take a page out of the book of higher education: specifically, the passage that emphasizes education, not athletics. Texas State does not have the best public reputation. The university is seen as a school of revelers, drunk partygoers and all-around debauchery. So maybe, just maybe, people should

work together to eliminate that stereotypical image instead of strengthening it with the constant emphasis on tailgating and getting wild at athletic events. I have had enough with the overemphasis on athletics and telling people to attend more games. I did not come to college to sit in bleachers with drunken fraternity boys and ditzy sorority girls. Students do not need to attend more games. What they need to do is attend class more often. That is the kind of attendance the university should be pushing, not some sporting event. As shocking as it might sound, I came here to learn and get an education. Watching oversized boys tackle one another and throw a ball back and forth for three hours is not on my list of priorities. According to an April report by the American Association of

University Professors (AAUP), education does not seem to be the number-one priority of many universities. The AAUP report shows that spending for athletics at four-year public universities increased from 2004 to 2011 by approximately 24.8 percent. Meanwhile, spending on academic support remained stagnant, and research expenditures actually decreased. For Texas State, specifically, the numbers do not bode well either. According to a University Star column, spending per athlete more than doubled between 2005 and 2012 from approximately $26,000 in 2005 to a staggering $69,000 per athlete in 2012. While disturbing, these numbers are not exactly shocking. A January 2013 USA Today article found that NCAA Division I universities spend as much as six times more per athlete than they


Hays County voters should approve Proposition 1

Jenna Coleman OPINIONS COLUMNIST Journalism senior


roposition 1 is beneficial to both the state and commuters who need road and highway expansion in order to reduce traffic and adjust for the large influx of people into Texas. Many Texas cities are lacking highways and roads that are efficient. According to Forbes Magazine, Austin is the fourth-worst traffic city in America. Anyone who has ever tried to commute through Austin knows how awful it is to be stopped for hours, hardly moving at all. There are only a couple of ways to get through Austin, and most of them are equally congested with traffic. With San Marcos being just a skip away from Austin, a lot of that traffic will soon expand our way unless the highway system’s issues are addressed by the state. Proposition 1 does not cost taxpayers any more money than they are already paying. Currently about 75 percent of oil and gas tax money is being funneled into the Economic Stabilization Fund, also known as the Rainy Day Fund, where billions of dollars are just sitting, waiting to be spent. Proposition 1 puts $1.2 billion

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dollars of that money back into building highways and road systems each year. The funding that will be used is from money that taxpayers spend at the pump every time they fill up their cars. At this point, much of that money was probably already spent by taxpayers years ago. Some have argued that $1.2 billion is not enough to even make a difference in Texas’ roadways, so the money should just stay in the Rainy Day Fund. Voters should understand that if they vote for Proposition 1 they will not wake up to better highways with no traffic. The motion will take time. While $1.2 billion is not enough to fix the problem immediately, it is enough to make a difference, and as the years pass and the funding keeps coming, roadways will gradually improve. Most of the federal gas tax revenue is allocated to the Highway Trust Fund and is to be used in improving federally maintained roads. Another 20 cents per gallon is a state tax, most of which is allocated to the Rainy Day Fund and is not being spent on statemaintained roads and interstates. The State Highway Fund in Texas is collected from car registration, federal reimbursements, general fees and some fuel taxes. The original intent of fuel taxes was to fund highways and roads, not to be thrown in a pile with billions of other dollars. Most of the fuel tax revenue should be spent where it was originally intended to be spent: state-maintained highways. Proposition 1 is a step in the right direction for state-funded highways and improvements in travel time and traffic for everyone. No one wants to spend hours of their life stuck in their car. Proposition 1 can, and will, help.

Editor-in-Chief............................................Lesley Warren, Managing Editor....................Odus Evbagharu, News Editor............................................Kelsey Bradshaw, Trends Editor.............................................Amanda Ross, Opinions Editor.....................................Imani McGarrell, Photo Editor........................................Madelynne Scales, Sports Editor......................................... Quixem Ramirez, Copy Desk Chief.................................Sam Hankins,

spend to actually educate their students. So, instead of talking about “turn up” at tailgate, what students need to do is “turn up” their books and turn in their research papers on time. That should be the number-one priority, not tailgating at athletic events. Now, I do not mean to sound like a negative Nancy. Athletics can be a great thing to increase school spirit, but that should not be the core mission of universities. For some schools, athletics brings in the money, but even then it should not be incentivized over education or other more worthwhile events. Many students do not know what political organizations are up to, what the LGBTQIA organizations are up to, what the ethnic organizations are up to or anything else happening on campus. All they know is football,

football and more football. Why? Because that is the only thing the university cares to advertise on a massive scale. With the recent statewide cuts to public education in Texas exceeding $5 billion, negatively affecting college students as well, the administration needs to find a better way to balance their budget. The way to balance that budget should not be funneling money into athletic programs while ignoring, or rather funneling less money into, the one thing college is about: education. The university is not worried about increasing school spirit. What officials are worried about is increasing football spirit and an athletics-emphasized culture on campus. Enough with the smoke and mirrors—it is time to refocus and put the education back in higher education.


Lower income students face many challenges with high tuition

Olivia Garcia OPINIONS COLUMNIST Public relations senior


uition must go down in order to allow lowerincome students to have a less stressful college career. When seeking a higher education, students should be worrying about graduating, not making the tuition deadline. Unfortunately, for many low-income students, this is always on their mind. Students who have to pay their way through college are bombarded with extra stress and often have to take fewer classes to make ends meet. This makes it harder for these students to set a graduation date. It is a distraction that often leads to failed classes and dropouts. According to an Oct. 20 Washington Post article, of the richest 25 percent of students, 80 percent enrolled in college by age 19, and of those, 68 per-

Design Editor...........................................Lauren Huston, Assistant News Editor........................Nicole Barrios, Account Executive..................................Hanna Katz, Account Executive.................................Morgan Knowles, Account Executive.....................................Jamie Beckham, Media Specialist............................................ Chris Salazar, Advertising Coordinator..............................Kelsey Nuckolls, Publications Coordinator.......................................Linda Allen, Publications Director...........................Bob Bajackson,

cent graduated by 25. But of students in the bottom quarter of the income distribution, only 29 percent enrolled in college by age 19. Of those, only 32 percent graduated by age 25. College tuition makes the life of a struggling college kid extremely difficult to manage. It is crucial for lawmakers to start engaging in discussions about lowering college tuition and viewing this issue as a high priority. It is just simply unfair that students with lower incomes are constantly struggling to better their lives. College should be an easy goal for anyone to achieve, not only students with high-income families. According to a Nov. 2013 Forbes Magazine article, at Harvard, 45.6 percent of undergraduates come from families with incomes above $200,000—in other words, incomes in the top 3.8 percent of all American households. This also creates an isolating feeling for those lower-income students that do manage to attend some of America’s richest colleges. They will not have other students around them that understand the struggles they go through. I’m sure it is hard for poor college students to see their well-endowed friends

have a fun, stress-free college career while they are struggling to even have a normal life. The word “poor” is taboo on college campuses because no one wants to identify as a poor college student. But this is exactly what needs to be talked about around campus. Students must push for a lower, more affordable education. It is no longer acceptable for a majority of America’s campuses to be set up for upper-class students. Probably the saddest part about high tuition are those students who are living off loans. When they finally do reach that graduation milestone, they are immediately stricken with debt worry. They cannot even enjoy their accomplishment. It just becomes another headache. I will have $28,000 of debt staring at me in the face when I graduate this semester. College is a decision I almost want to take back, but not going to college was never an option for me. It was always a necessity, as it should be for any American wanting a secure future. The challenges lower income students face are way too many for a nation that prides itself on equality and opportunity.

The University Star is the student newspaper of Texas State University and is published every Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday of the spring and fall and every other Wednesday in the summer semesters. It is distributed on campus and throughout San Marcos at 8 a.m. on publication days with a distribution of 6,000. Printing and distribution is by the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung. Copyright Tuesday, November 4, 2014. All copy, photographs and graphics appearing in The University Star are the exclusive property of The University Star and may not be reproduced without the expressed written consent of the editor in chief. The first five issues of each edition of the paper are free. Additional copies of the paper can be purchased at 50¢ per copy. Contact The University Star office at (512) 245-3487 to purchase additional copies.

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LEOSQUARE OFFERS CUTTING-EDGE FASHION FOR MEN By Jonathan Hamilton TRENDS REPORTER A new men’s boutique has touched down in San Marcos, and it’s the topic of plenty of conversation around the Texas State campus. LeoSquare, a men’s urban fashion store, opened its doors in midOctober and has been met with very positive reviews from students and San Marcos residents. LeoSquare is located next door to Erbert’s and Gerbert’s on The Square and boasts an array of fashion-forward footwear and apparel brands targeted exclusively at men. LeoSquare is home to Jordan Retro, New Balance and Puma sneakers as well as carrying men’s fashion brands like Diamond Supply, 10 Deep and Pink Dolphin. Since the store’s opening, a

steady stream of loyal sneakerheads has come through the shop’s doors. “The store is fresh,” said Ross Lebeau, business marketing student. “It has different designs you can’t find at the mall. It has a lot of exclusive brands.” Carlos Canjura, owner, opened the original LeoSquare in New Braunfels after spending most of his life in Los Angeles. Canjura said he has held a strong fashion sense for as long as he can remember. As a teenager, he supported clothing brands like Jimmy’Z, Town and Country and Stussy. Carlos dreamed of owning an apparel store in fashion capitals like Houston, New York or L.A. as he grew older and more familiar with the industry Canjura decided to change his vision after recognizing the wide-

open market smaller cities hold. He chose to become a source for the latest trends where there aren’t many, if any. He saved his money to achieve the goal of owning a men’s street wear store. This mission led Canjura to San Marcos with expectations of becoming the go-to guy for every college kid “wanting to get fly before the big party.” Canjura explained his decision to make his name in a small community instead of a bigger city like Austin by saying he felt younger people in San Marcos don’t have many fashion options. “Everything seems to be based for the older generation,” he said. “They need something where you can come look at it, you can come touch it, you can try it on, and not just rely on pictures online and ordering stuff.”


LeoS quare, a new men’s boutique, opened recently in downtown.

Raisin’ Cane enthralls audiences with insight into Harlem Renaissance By Theresachristine Etim TRENDS REPORTER Jasmine Guy, along with The Avery Sharpe Trio, captured the audience with an adaptation of Raisin’ Cane as she sashayed across the stage, the rhythm following like the gown trailing the steadfast movement of her feet, “Raisin’ Cane: A Harlem Renaissance Odyssey,” written by Harry Clark, is about the stories, philosophies and various art forms explored by trailblazing African Americans in the era of the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance, a movement in the 1930s, was a time period when a substantial amount of art depicted the lives of African Americans. Various entertainment outlets served as releases from racial tension. Music, art, plays, novels and short stories told these harrowing and upbeat tales of the culture, which became a conversational topic among other races. This set the stage for later writers and storytellers to expand on the

topic for years to come. Langston Hughes, W.E.B. Dubois and Zora Neale Hurston are prominent figures from the era and among some of the names mentioned in the play. Song and dance served as a documentary glance into the lives of these writers and others. The souls of the subjects could be seen through Guy’s visual and vivid interpretation of the words written by the prominent African American figures. One of the first interpretations was “Returning Soldiers,” an excerpt from an essay by W.E.B. Dubois, which was featured in “The Crisis,” a magazine from the time period. The essay’s topic was discrimination against African Americans. Guy was born in a completely different and modern era, but she managed to capture the essence of the frustrations felt by not just the soldiers but the people who came before her. Her raw passion could be seen throughout the night and felt beyond the boundaries of Evans Auditorium. She expressed the

alienation felt by African Americans in the era through the song “Sometimes I Feel Like A Motherless Child.” Through words, transitions and songs, Guy expressed the jovial and upbeat aspects of Harlem Renaissance entertainment. Songs like “Here Comes My Daddy Now” and “Charleston” accompanied the lyrical interpretations of African Americans entertainers such as Josephine Baker. Guy smoothly transitioned between a vast number of moods embodied in short stories and songs. The changing lights and pictures behind her helped her convey to the audience what the era was about. In fact, the only individuals who could keep up with her were The Avery Sharpe Trio, and rightfully so, as they served as her musical accompaniment. Violinist Diane Monroe somehow mirrored Guy’s embodiment of the sensitive frustrations of racism or the gleefulness of the times. She played with ferocious passion, transcending the auditorium while the audience


Jasmine Guy performs Nov. 1 during Raisn’ Cane at Evans Liberal Arts audatorium. watched in awe. Bassist Avery Sharpe served as a middle ground, balancing the tone, while drummer Kevin Sharpe’s low-key rhythmic patter kept the stability of the music. Afterwards, the four of them stayed for a swift Q-and-A with the audience.

The era gave the culture viewable scope of what was to come, and what Guy said in the play “showed that our (African American) culture can be beautiful, can be ugly, and if you don’t like it, we don’t care.”

Walk to End Alzheimer’s will raise funds, awareness By Theresachristine Etim TRENDS REPORTER For many students, the upcoming holidays mean family-filled celebrations, reunions with relatives and reminiscing about favorite memories. Kayla Santana, education junior, considers herself lucky to have close relationships with a mother, father and sister. However, the Texas State student finds herself missing one family member even while she’s in the room. Santana’s grandmother was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease in 2006. Alzheimer’s is the result of deterioration of brain cells and causes decreases in memory and mental function. The disease is the most common form of dementia. Symptoms can range from forgetting family members to not knowing one’s whereabouts. Alzheimer’s is the sixth leading cause of death in United States. “It essentially robs you of your personhood,” Santana said. Every 67 seconds, someone develops the disease, according to the Alzheimer’s Association. The disease is considered to be drastically

underfunded in spite of its wide reach and prognosis. This fact, in part, led to the creation of the Walk to End Alzheimer’s. The walk is held in over 600 communities throughout the United States and calls for a unification of friends, families and coworkers to help raise money for the cause. The unifying event spreads information about Alzheimer’s. The nationwide event comes to San Marcos Nov. 15 at City Park Recreational Hall. A free event for all, the walk will be used to collect donations. These donations go towards raising awareness of Alzheimer’s, a disease with an unknown origin. The walk provides a gateway for a cure and is the world’s largest event that raises money for and awareness of Alzheimer’s. Amelia Frank, communications and program specialist for the Capital of Texas Chapter of the Alzheimer’s Association, said officials with the Hays County area are focused on expanding program services and getting the word out. The Alzheimer’s Association helps those who are impacted by the disease by providing them with pro-

grams designed to help them deal with the disease. Frank says classes are offered to help people learn how to take care of one with Alzheimer’s in. “A lot of science and funds go towards the study to detect the disease,” Frank said. “We look at things like diet and hope to spread education.” Frank’s team runs a monthly San Marcos Alzheimer’s education class every third Tuesday of the month at the City Activity Center. The education process is all about peer-to-peer fundraising. Within the registration process, contact is exchanged among individuals who are affected by the disease. Frank said this helps the patients and their families feel they are not alone. Santana emphasized Alzheimer’s affects everyone in contact with it, from the individual diagnosed to his or her friends, family and caregivers. The fact that it affects so many is a big reason why she is focused on raising awareness. “I’m honestly grateful my grandmother is still with me,” Santana said. “I love her so much.”

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