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‘Texas State Fondler’ still at large By Jon Wilcox NEWS REPORTER @thrilcox

DrewAnn Reyes, communication studies junior, gives Patrick Flores from Lehman High School a tour March 30 of the campus.

The University Police Department (UPD) is investigating three potentially related incidents of indecent exposure near the Texas State campus. UPD received three reports from March 23-26 of a white male fondling his genitals in public. Similarities between the three reports have led law enforcement officials to believe the same individual is involved in all of the incidents. Officers received the first report of indecent exposure after 6 p.m. on March 23 from a female student in building six at Bobcat Village. The student reported seeing a man standing underneath the stairwell with his shorts pulled down, fondling himself. The man then allegedly began walking toward the student as she opened the door to her apartment. She described the man as a thin, white male in his late 30s to early 40s, between 5 feet 10 inches and 5 feet 11 inches tall and wearing glasses. Two more incidents of indecent exposure were reported on March 25 and 26, according to University News Service email alerts. At 3:30 p.m. March 25, UPD received a report of a man sitting on a bench at Sewell Park, fondling himself, according to a University News Service email alert. The suspect was shirtless and had his jeans unzipped with his penis in his hand. The person who reported the incident described the man as a white, medium-built male in his 50s, between 5 feet 8 inches and 5 feet 11 inches tall with short, light brown hair. A third report of a man exposing himself at University Heights was made at approximately 8 a.m. March 26, according to a University News Service email alert. The report included a description of a man in his 50s with a medium build

See FONDLER, Page 2


Student Government aims to provide more money for student research By Darcy Sprague NEWS REPORTER @darcy_days Daulton O’Neill, Student Government senator, read legislation for the creation of a permanent Rising Scholarly Travel Activity and Research (Rising S.T.A.R.) grant the organization’s meeting Monday night. Legislation to establish a Student Activity Fund (SAF) was also discussed. The purpose of the S.T.A.R. grant is to encourage more Texas State students to participate in research conferences and supplement the cost of travel, according to the Student Government website. The S.T.A.R. grant is currently in its test-flight stage. The available funds are distributed among the nine academic colleges. This year each college was allotted $2,777, which is available to those who apply for it. Each student is eligible to receive up to $500 in funds. Students who are presenting work at the conference are given priority. The current legislature would make the S.T.A.R grant permanent. The second piece of legislation would establish the SAF fund. The fund provides money for various campus activities. If passed, the SAF would enter a sixmonth test phase. After that, it would be voted on or enter an extended trial phase. Both bills will be reread this week and voted on next Monday. The author will be able to make adjustments or edits to the bill during this time.


High school students discover university life By Louis Zylka LIFESTYLE REPORTER @OrinZylka


n Monday, high school juniors experienced the day-to-day life of a college student through the “Bobcat For a Day” event held for the sixth consecutive year. The Student Government and Office of Community Relations created the event. The goal was to reach out to high school students and promote awareness of higher education. Joseph Pomar, electronic media junior, is the communication relation student coordinator for Bobcat for a Day.

“I want to let them have an idea of what college is about. I want to let them get familiarized with what other tours don’t show.” —DREWANN REYES, COMMUNICATION STUDIES JUNIOR “By no means are we promoting the university,” Pomar said. “We are promoting higher education, suggest(ing) that college is an obtainable goal.” The Student Government helped match Texas State students with high school students and funded the event. Participants filled out online applications that helped pair them up by

their interests and career goals. The Office of Community Relations hosted the event at the LBJ Ballroom where students from different high schools arrived and met their assigned college counterpart. Throughout the day, Bobcats gave high schoolers a personal tour around campus. DrewAnn Reyes, communica-

tion studies junior, said she has volunteered to help at the event for three years. Last year she toured two high school students. “I want to let them have an idea of what college is about,” Reyes said. “I want to let them get familiarized with what other tours don’t show.” Reyes said she asked the high school students if there was anything in particular they wanted to see. She enjoyed taking the guests to the Albert B. Alkek Library and showing them the galleries and the seventh floor to see view of San Marcos. Karen Solis and Gabriel Perez, students from Jack C.

See BOBCAT, Page 3


Officers, resident assistants work to ensure safety By Exsar Arguello NEWS REPORTER @Exsar_Misael Residence hall safety is a factor for thousands of students living in oncampus housing facilities. The Texas State University Police Department (UPD) works around the clock with the Department of Housing and Residential Life to ensure the safety of the students living in the 22 halls on campus, said Corporal John Guerra of UPD. Police have the responsibility of making sure people are safe when accidents occur in the halls on campus, Guerra said. “The safety of campus housing is important, and we do a really good job of making sure our students are safe,” Guerra said. He said 80 to 90 percent of the phone calls UPD receives from

residence halls are related to medical emergencies. An officer or ambulance is sent if the severity of the issue warrants such action. “This is a huge university, so we always have to be alert,” Guerra said. “We don’t have a huge force, but we do a good job of keeping everything together.” One problem UPD faces is the misconception of where 911 calls go, Guerra said. A 911 call from a cell phone is received by the San Marcos Police Department (SMPD), not UPD. SMPD then transfers the call to UPD, Guerra said. “If the issue is something we can take care of, it’s best that students call UPD so we can take care of it,” Guerra said. Eli Trenado, assistant director of leadership development for resident life and education, has worked for

“This is a huge university so we always have to be alert. We don’t have a huge force, but we do a good job of keeping everything together.” —JOHN GUERRA, UPD CORPORAL the department since 2011 and has seen safety improved by technology. Every hall entrance is equipped with an electronic identification scanner that only opens after 6 p.m. when a resident scans his or her student ID, Trenado said. UPD has access to information regarding students who swipe their cards to enter the dorms. “Let’s say hypothetically that there was a confrontation that happened at 3 a.m. in the morning at a dorm, and the police needed to know who exactly was involved,” Trenado said. “They can go back in

their records and see what ID cards were swiped at that time and find the students responsible.” Resident assistants (RAs) aid housing officials in monitoring hall activity, Trenado said. “When an issue happens, we usually have RAs or some other form of staff call us, not the students,” Guerra said. Alcohol and marijuana can be abused in dorms, and teaching RAs how to react in those particular situations is key for safety, Trenado said.



Laura Bush delivers keynote address on conservation By Alexa Tavarez SENIOR NEWS REPORTER @lexicanaa Former First Lady Laura Bush was an anticipated speaker March 27 at the 49th Annual Texas Legislative Conference. The two-day conference consisted of panels covering topics including infrastructure, fracking and federalism. Bush gave the keynote address on her new organization, Taking Care of Texas, during a luncheon to conclude the event. Bush was presented with the 2005 Texan of the Year award. She was unable to accept her award in 2005 because she and former President George W. Bush flew to Rome at the announcement of Pope John Paul II’s death. Bush said the mission of Taking Care of Texas is to spur community-based efforts

across the state. “We hope to raise awareness of community land conservation efforts across our state,” Bush said. She said community-based conservation efforts create opportunities in local settings, where citizens can observe the benefits of conservation in their community. Bush said grass-roots initiatives “bridge the divide” between those who believe in conservation and those who think conservation initiatives are “far-removed” from their community. “By educating Texas, conservation efforts appear more accessible, whether it’s just turning off the faucet as you brush your teeth or choosing native plants to plant in your yard,” Bush said. All Texans, no matter where they live, depend on

See LAURA BUSH, Page 2

Risk of underage drinking influences businesses By Jake Goodman NEWS REPORTER @jake_thegoodman San Marcos offers residents and visitors opportunities for live music and nightlife, but for those under 21, participation can be difficult. Businesses serving alcohol in San Marcos have different age requirements for entry. Customers must be 21 or over to enter the majority of establishments, but exceptions are granted in restaurants and during certain shows. The Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission (TABC) is responsible for ensuring employees do not serve alcohol to underage persons, and officials issue penalties for noncompliance, said Gene Bowman, compliance manager No law in Texas stops businesses from allowing underage customers inside. Serving alcohol to minors is a Class A misdemeanor resulting in penalties up to one year in jail and a $4,000 fine, Bowman said. A business’ liquor license is revoked if alcohol is sold to minors three times in one year.

“It’s just a business decision,” Bowman said. Zoë Seekers, psychology senior and bartender at Louie’s Beer Garden and Oyster House, said San Marcos’ TABC enforcement is much stricter than in other cities. “San Marcos is so little that we have to be a lot more harsh than places like Austin,” Seekers said. TABC often conducts checks on local bars and restaurants for compliance, Seekers said. Matt Hageman, owner of Railyard Bar & Grill, said the age restriction depends on the type of service the business is delivering. Railyard is more of a restaurant than a bar and issues no age restrictions during normal business hours. However, after the kitchen closes only people over the age of 21 are allowed inside. “Just kids sitting around drinking Dr. Pepper and playing pool aren’t going to spend much,” Hageman said. The restriction does not cost the Railyard sales, but it protects the restaurant from the liability of


2 | The University Star | News | Tuesday, March 31, 2015

LAURA BUSH, from front

FONDLER, from front between 5 feet 8 inches and 5 feet 11 inches tall. The man was said to be fondling himself in public. Officers were unable to locate the suspect in all three cases. Donna Vandiver, associate professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and sex crimes expert, said people most often commit public exposure crimes to receive sexual

gratification from others watching them. The mental disorders associated with indecent exposure usually persist and eventually require treatment, Vandiver said. Indecent exposure is a Class B misdemeanor and does not warrant a prison sentence when the victims are adults, said Brandon Winkenwerder, Day Watch Commander for the San Marcos Police Department.

RESIDENCE HALLS, from front “We were trained on how to take care of certain situations during our training,” said De’Evin Johnson, RA of the second floor in Gaillardia Hall. Johnson has been involved in a situation with a student who was under the influence of illegal drugs. One day when Johnson was walking through the hall, he smelled marijuana and called his floor partner to confirm. “We always have to have someone confirm that it’s actually something we have to report

on before we call UPD,” Johnson said. Johnson called UPD without putting himself in danger, and the situation was taken care of, he said. Trenado said Housing and Residential Life officials train RAs to be a “resource” in helping UPD. “(RAs) aren’t cops and don’t need to overextend what they need to do in a situation,” he said. “We have workshops and activities in the summer dedicated to make sure they don’t put themselves in any danger.”

water, clean air and other life-giving services the environment provides, Bush said. “One of our goals at Taking Care of Texas is to illustrate conservation and the economy go hand-in-hand,” Bush said. “Conservation efforts can generate economic benefits for local communities.” Evan Smith, editor-in-chief of the Texas Tribune, moderated the “Federal Intervention and Texas Infrastructure” panel. Officials discussed the state’s responsibility in crossair pollution policies and the role of federalism. Governor Greg Abbott filed 31 lawsuits against the Obama administration during his time as attorney general, Smith said. Texas challenged the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its actions on pollution, he said. “We especially don’t like the EPA in Texas,” Smith said.

“Take advantage of life as it is and take a walk on the beach every chance you get.” —LAURA BUSH, FIRST LADY Bryan W. Shaw from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) said he wants to make sure the state is “chasing the right rabbit” in regards to pollution policies. “By design, the states are designed to be sovereign,” said State Senator Brandon Creighton, R-Conroe. Panelist and State Representative Donna Howard and Creighton disagreed on the specifics of the environmental platform. However, the panel agreed Texas has an obligation to take initiative in cross-air pollution policies. “We believe that Texas

should be the leader in conservation that is positive, science-based and collaborative,” Bush said. Bush said Taking Care of Texas is partnering with local leaders to align resources and expertise in the effort to conserve Texas’ natural resources. She said the effort needs leaders across all sectors to produce change in a state as large as Texas. “George and I learned that all we know we have is now,” Bush said. “Take advantage of life as it is and take a walk on the beach every chance you get.”

DRINKING AGE, from front underage drinking, Hageman said. Seekers said Louie’s does not have a 21-andup restriction. Louie’s is branded as a restaurant rather than a bar. Seekers has worked at bars and restaurants with and without age restrictions. In her experience, working at places that did not issue age restrictions was better because food sales generate high tips. “We don’t know how much the 21-and-up get, but this way we get more business, and more business equals more money,” Seekers said. James Gibson, doorman and bartender at the Triple Crown, said the bar imposes a 21-and-up restriction generally, but during music shows constraints can vary. When a band has an older audience the restriction is kept at 21, while groups with a younger audience have an 18-and-up rule. “Sometimes, if it wasn’t for the underage people being here, the drinkers wouldn’t be here,” Gibson said. Gibson said Triple Crown hires an employee

to watch for illegal drinking during 18-and-up shows and requires underage customers to wear wristbands and pay a cover charge. “It’s a more expensive cover charge because there’s a higher risk of underage drinking,” said Emily Longfellow, bartender at Triple Crown and Bar Manager at Cat’s Billiards. Longfellow said there is a 21-and-up restriction at Cat’s Billiards on most nights. She said the majority of customers are older, and imposing the restriction helps bartenders avoid the risk of selling to minors. “It’s easier if I have the 21-and-up restriction because that way if someone buys three beers I don’t need to say ‘I need three IDs,’” Longfellow said. Longfellow said Cat’s Billiards offers shows for both 18-and-up and 21-and-up audiences. She said when the shows are 18-and-up underage customers are required to wear wristbands, but there is no cover charge. “At most, we’re losing a $2 profit, which is nothing,” Longfellow said.


Laura Bush is presented with the 2005 Texan of the Year Award by Carlton Schwab March 27 at the 49th Annual Texas Legislative Conference at the New Braunfels Civic Convention Center.


3 Day Startup fosters student business opportunities

By James Palmer NEWS REPORTER @jmesspalmer Texas State students interested in starting businesses before graduating had the opportunity to hone their entrepreneurial skills over the weekend. 3 Day Startup (3DS), an entrepreneurial workshop program, was held March 27-29 in the McCoy College of Business. The University of Texas established 3 Day Startup in 2008, and the program has expanded to 60 institutions in five continents. Mario Hernandez, masters student and 3DS mentor, said pitching ideas at the workshop was a challenge the first time he participated. “You have an idea for something that you think (can be) a business, a startup, and the idea of taking it to potential customers immediately and sharing it with them was not anything I was familiar with,” Hernandez said. “I didn’t realize that was the way of doing things.” The mentors involved in 3DS taught participants how to improve their ideas, Hernandez said. Hernandez once had a mentor who advised participants to share ideas even if they did not think they were very good. “I remember somebody saying that they had an idea, but it wasn’t a very good idea, and the mentor said, ‘That’s okay, throw the idea out there, because you never know—somebody at your table might have that missing piece that’s going to make your idea a great idea,’” Hernandez said. Hernandez went on to cofound EDable, a startup providing educational videos for teachers. He used his experience to mentor new 3DS participants after he graduated. Clayton Lehman, another

participant-turned-mentor and management senior, said he was able to bring data from his 3DS experience with an automotive repair service to help participants. “This program made me go out and speak to real-life people one-on-one,” Lehman said. Lehman went out and conducted a survey as a part of 3DS. His research showed 80 percent of people work on their own cars, while 15 percent go to a shop. “I still use those (statistics) to this day when I talk to people about my idea,” Lehman said. Mentors had the opportunity to help students grow their business ideas outside of the program, said Maureen Pafumi, masters student and 3DS participant. Her team pitched Pure Clean Products, a company designed to distribute non-toxic, all-purpose cleaner through farmers markets. Pafumi and her team had the opportunity to talk with representatives from Greenling, a company distributing organic produce, through 3DS. A mentor heard the team discussing its idea and put the group in contact with the company. Laura Kilcrease, director for the Center for Entrepreneurial Action (CEA), said 3DS brings diverse teams of students together as a reflection of real-life situations in the business world. “This is a very interdisciplinary activity,” Kilcrease said. “In real life, if they go out and try to get jobs, that’s simply what they’re going to do. They’re going to be working with other people in different disciplines.” Half of 3DS participants are in disciplines other than business administration, said David Cameron, Department of Management lecturer. “I think it’s really delightful that we have business, English, art, science, biology (and) architecture,” Cameron said. “All


Mario Hernandez, 3DS mentor, drafts a business plan March 28 in McCoy College of Business. sorts of people come to this thing. I think that’s just how business is, too.” 3DS hosted teams with ideas in different industries. Oasis Farms, a startup team at 3DS, developed an inexpensive way to provide “aquaponics” systems, said Sebastian Longoria, microbiology sophomore and program participant. “The aquaponics system is a balancing between fish and the growing of vegetation or vegetables in a closed loop water system,” Longoria said. Bad Habits Hookah Lounge, another startup team, pitched

CORRECTION: In a March 26 University Star article, “Affordable square footage offered at Verandah Apartments,” Keith Wilson, assistant manager, is incorrectly referred to as Keith Miller.

In the Mercantile Building

Across from Gruene Hall


$9.00/hour starting pay rate. Apply online or in person between 2-4pm Monday-Thursday

a new establishment for the Square in San Marcos. “We’re trying to bring together a college vibe,” said Taylor Henry, electrical engineering junior. “Kind of like a bad-habits, Vegas-themed sports bar that would have hookah, beer and wine.” 3DS has “no winners,” Kilcrease said. The teams’ goal was to refine their skills at pitching business ideas to new people. Judges acknowledge the

strengths of all teams and reward them with small prizes for categories they excelled in, she said. The event is part of Texas State’s move toward cultivating collaborations on campus. CEA sought to bridge the gap between the schools and bring students with a variety of skills together for startups. Kilcrease hopes to create an environment in which student entrepreneurs can flourish.

The University Star | Tuesday, March 31, 2015 | 3


BOBCAT, from front Hays High School, were able to share their experience exploring a college. They talked to their college and career counselors and discovered the event. “I thought it be a fun experience to know what college is going to be like when I go— felt like I was in college,” Perez said. Solis said she liked how everyone was independent and the environment welcoming. She liked how the mentors were friendly with each other.

“I like how everyone has their own schedules,” Perez said. “I didn’t know how many places there were to do work.” Perez was also able to visit the Student Recreation Center and talk to employees since his tour guide worked on campus. Solis and Perez’s favorite place was the Boko’s Lounge where students can sleep in the LBJ Student Center. Austin Anderson, director of pro-

grams for Student Government, said from the beginning, the goal of Bobcat For a Day was to reach out to high schools that didn’t have a high number of college attendees. “We hope to show (high schoolers) that college is not as scary as it is made out to be,” Anderson said. “Anyone can go to college and even if they don’t go to Texas State—to go (to) any institution.”

“We hope to show that college is not as scary as it is made out to be. Anyone can go to college and even if they don’t go to Texas State— to go to any institution.” —AUSTIN ANDERSON, DIRECTOR OF PROGRAMS FOR STUDENT GOVERNMENT


DrewAnn Reyes, communication studies junior, shows Patrick Flores from Lehman High School Alkek Library March 30 during Bobcat For a Day.

Strutters dance their way to success By Jonathan Hamilton LIFESTYLE REPORTER @jonodashham1

Hundreds of people filled Evans Auditorium March 26-28 to watch The Texas State Strutters perform at their annual showcase. Tammy Fife, director of the dance team, said the group spent months perfecting the series of advanced routines in the Strutters Spectacular. Fife said the performance is a chance for the dancers to step out of the shadows of the football and basketball team and headline their own show. “Normally the Strutters dance

for football at halftime or for basketball,” Fife said. “But this is more of their chance to do their thing,” Fife, a former Strutter, has been involved with the dance group for over ten years and currently serves as the team’s head director. Fife said the dancers have worked for countless hours to prepare for the opportunity to show their skills on stage. Meghan Hopper, public relations sophomore, said she hopes the effort the team dedicated in order to make the three-day ‘Spectacular’ a success was clear to the audience. “We work really, really hard, and a lot goes into the performances,”

Hopper said. “We just want everyone that watches it to have fun and enjoy it more. We hope that it moves them.” Fife said balancing practices before the show can be overwhelming at times. A great performance in front of family and friends is the most rewarding part of being the director. “The most satisfying part is an awesome performance,” Fife said. “Even if things have gone wrong at times earlier in the week, a great performance is a win.” Haley Rogers, psychology sophomore and lieutenant, said appreciation for the art of dancing and school pride allow the team to maintain such a busy schedule.

“We do what we do because we love dancing, but also because we want to make the university proud,” Rogers said. “All the students at Texas State should be proud.” Selena Flores, interdisciplinary studies senior, serves as the head captain of the 118-member dance team. Flores, who was participating in her fourth and final Strutter Spectacular, said she was excited for the opportunity to perform in front of an intimate audience. “It is different for us because it is just us,” Flores said. “We are not dancing for the football or basketball team. It is our crowd—our friends and family and the people

that want to be there and support us.” Flores said Fife is the backbone of the team, and her commitment to the members has made them great. “Everything she does is for Strutters—all night, every day,” Flores said. “She is so in-tune with us. We all know she loves us very much.” Fife said she takes her duty very seriously and gives maternal guidance when coaching. “They see each other as family, and they see me like the mom of the group,” Fife said. “Mom wants you to be great and to succeed. But Mom is going to get on you to make sure you succeed.”

BOBCAT BUILD GIVES BACK TO SAN MARCOS RESIDENTS By Callie Haley LIFESTYLE REPORTER @calliehaley Bobcat Build gave Texas State students a chance to give back to the community Saturday. Lindsay Watson, student director of Bobcat Build, said the committee’s work begins the day before the event. “The committee arrived here at 8 a.m. yesterday to unload tools and set up for the event,” Watson said. “We worked for a solid 12 hours. Today we arrived at 5 a.m. We just started setting things up and prepared for the venders to arrive.” Bobcat Build’s sponsorship doubled from last year, she said. “This year 10 Saw-Level Sponsors donated over $1,000,” Watson said. “Starbucks, Taco Cabana, Dos Gatos and Whataburger are just some of the spon-

sors for this year’s Bobcat Build.” Special guests gave speeches at 8:45 a.m., and the event began, Watson said. “This year our VIP’s were Congressman (Lloyd) Doggett, Mayor (Daniel) Guerrero, Dr. (Joanne) Smith, vice president of student affairs and Jack Rahmann, director of the LBJ Student Center,” Watson said. This year Bobcat Build had a record number of over 4,300 students register to volunteer, Watson said. “Bobcat Build was started 13 years ago by just a small group of students that wanted to give back to the community,” Watson said. Ashley McGhee, president of Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Society, said 15 members from the Texas State chapter participated this year. “We like to do volunteer events and give back to the community

that we are in daily,” McGhee said. Members of the organization got to their job site around 9:45 a.m. to report for duty, she said. McGhee said her group worked at the Centro Esperanza Community Center. “We cleaned windows, organized a closet and picked up trash outside the community center,” McGhee said. “After we finished that we walked down to the soccer field about two blocks and picked up trash so that someone could mow it and kids could use it.” Grecia Rojas, volunteer coordinator for the Pre-Medical/ Pre-Dental Society, said the community center is a repeat job site for Bobcat Build. “I’ve been talking to the

lady from the community center for a couple of weeks,” Rojas said. “She told me she worked with our organization previously and requested that we come back this year.” McGhee enjoys working for Bobcat Build every year because it is a way of showing appreciation for the community. “I think it’s our job as students to give back to the community,” McGhee said. “We come here and party and enjoy the land, so it’s important to help the residents of San Marcos who let us basically rent their area.” Around 12:30 p.m. the work was done and the organization’s members visited with the com-

munity center staff, Rojas said. “They brought us pizza, which was really nice,” Rojas said. Watson said Bobcat Build is a chance for students to get to know the residents of San Marcos and connect with them. “I wanted to work on the committee for Bobcat Build because I worked one year and I met the sweetest old lady that was so grateful for all the work that I did,” Watson said. “It was the only time of the year when work could be done on her home.” The residents of San Marcos are thankful students can lend a hand, Watson said. “We’re building relationships, not houses,” Watson said.








Men and Women 18 to 55

Up to $2500

Healthy & Non-Smoking BMI 18.5 - 32

Thu. 4/9 - Sun. 4/12 Thu. 4/16 - Sun. 4/19 Outpatient Visit: 4/21




Men and Women 18 to 55

Up to $2000

Healthy & Non-Smoking Thu. 4/9 - Sun. 4/12 BMI 19 - 30 Thu. 4/16 - Sun. 4/19 Females weighing at least 110 lbs. Males weighing at least 130 lbs.

4 | The University Star | Tuesday, March 31, 2015



Proper sunscreen selection, application crucial for health


tudents should incorporate sunscreen into their daily fun in the sun as the days warm. Everyone should be wearing sunscreen year round, although that does not always happen. Sunshine, warmer weather and increased outdoor activities prompt more sunscreen use during summer months. Skin care is often seen as something older folks worry about and less of a concern for younger people. This thought process is flawed. If young people start proper skincare in their youth, they will have fewer skin problems in their later years. Additionally, skin cancer is one of the most common forms in the United States. Some people have a misconception that those with darker skin and higher amounts of melanin are not able to get skin cancer, but this is false. People with darker skin are less susceptible to sunburns, but they are just as vulnerable to harmful UV rays. There were 73,870 new cases of melanoma diagnosed in 2014, according to the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health. In Texas, 2,410 new cases were reported. Skin is the biggest organ on the human body. Taking care of it should be just as integral a part of a daily routine as brushing teeth or drinking water.


The American Academy of Dermatology recommends people use one ounce of sunscreen to cover the exposed parts of the body when going out in the sun. This is enough to fill an average shot glass. Students, staff and faculty should take care not to fall prey to sunscreen boasting SPF levels over 50. The differences between products with SPF levels 100 and 50 are minimal at best. According to a May 14, 2009 New York Times article, when used properly, SPF 100 blocks 99 percent of UVB rays, while SPF 50 blocks 98 percent. Companies make sunscreen with 100 SPF in order to sell products, not to protect people’s skin. This is dangerous because people who buy products with higher numbers often assume they are getting more protection and therefore can use less, which isn’t true. People must focus on reapplying their sunscreen, not how high the number is. Oftentimes, people forget to reapply, which is when sunburns come into play. The Skin Cancer Foundation recom-

mends people out in the sun reapply the same amount of sunscreen every two hours. Even waterproof products should be reapplied immediately after toweling off, swimming or sweating a lot. Bobcats must replace their old sunscreen. The first unexpected river-worthy day often sends people scrambling for the remnants of last year’s bottle of sunblock. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, the FDA requires all sunscreens retain their strength for at least three years. This is easy to keep track of for bottles that come with expiration dates. For those that do not, a good tip is to write down the date the bottle is purchased in order to prevent confusion in the future. Any day someone spends outside is a day in which they should also be wearing sunscreen. Protecting skin can be as easy as using a facial moisturizer with SPF in it. Skin care is important and will only become more crucial with age. People must be sure to protect the skin they are in and keep it from as much damage as possible.

The Main Point is the opinion of the newspaper’s editorial board. Columns are the opinions of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the full staff, Texas State University Student Media, the School of Journalism and Mass Communication or Texas State University.



Racism persistent issue Obesity should be cured, among Greek organizations not accepted

Jeffrey Bradshaw OPINIONS COLUMNIST @jeffbrad12


or once the proverbial rug has nothing pushed under it, and University of Oklahoma President David Boren has made sure of that. On March 7 a video emerged of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon (SAE) fraternity at the University of Oklahoma reciting a racist chant on a bus while driving to a party. Once this video emerged, Boren moved swiftly in dealing with these students. Boren kicked the SAE fraternity off campus and expelled the two ringleaders of the video. These actions were warranted, and I applaud the president for moving so swiftly. When incidents like these occur, which tarnish the reputation of a university, many try to sweep it under the rug. In a March 22 Chicago Tribune article, President Barack Obama said the

measure of racial progress is not asking if there will be another racist incident but asking how most people respond to it. Based on this statement, Boren is making great progress. It is somewhat disheartening that the default is to think Boren would try to cover up this incident based on the actions of other school officials. More often than not, things like sexual assault on campus and racist incidents are not dealt with in the appropriate manner. This is not the first or last time a fraternity or sorority has done or will do something racist. A lot of these organizations were founded a long time ago and were white only. Now, many of these groups have changed the rules allowing people of other backgrounds to join, but that doesn’t mean they are rushing to get in. Lack of diversity is not necessarily conducive to an accepting environment. Even though not all fraternities or sororities are racist or will do something racist, there is still a problem with Greek organizations. Every Halloween the public is treated to photos of people in blackface at a party and, more often then not, it’s a frat party. One shining example of racist stupidity is the

MLK Black Party hosted by the Tau Kappa Epsilon fraternity at Arizona State University. According to a March 10 article, in January 2014, members of the fraternity had a Martin Luther King Day party with the theme apparently being racial ignorance and stereotyping. Attendees dressed as black stereotypes, complete with sagging pants and watermelon cups. The fraternity was disciplined, but obviously this incident did not prove as any sort of cautionary tale to other fraternities. The first amendment protects an individual from persecution from the government for expressing an idea. This only applies to the government. These kids created a hostile environment by chanting what they did, and Boren responded perfectly. The only way to rid society of the tumor which is racism is to educate people and snuff it out whenever possible. Boren did just that with his appropriate and swift reaction to the video. Racism cannot and should not be tolerated. It is sad but not surprising to see a fraternity do something racist in 2015. Hopefully everyone can learn from the mistakes these boys made. —Jeffrey Bradshaw is a political science sophomore

Maddie Teague OPINIONS COLUMNIST @maddiebell_bell


at is not healthy, and morbid obesity is deadly. The fat acceptance movement strives to redefine body standards, telling people to love their bodies “no matter how big.” It is important to love your body. However, it is also important to treat it well. This movement claims even morbidly obese people are perfectly normal. It asserts that overweight individuals lack privileges thinner people possess. These advantages include the ability to buy properly sized clothes and get lower health insurance rates and the assumption that all fat people are considered unhealthy. Well, I hate to break it to you, but being obese is unhealthy. Every year in America roughly 300,000 people die from obesity. If being morbidly obese were so normal, then there would not be so many senseless deaths each year. In contrast, approximately 2,500 deaths have occurred during the war in Afghanistan as of 2014, according to Being obese presents many challenges. Obesity puts a huge strain on a person’s body. It is difficult for most obese

individuals to perform what people of an average weight would consider “simple,” such as walking for prolonged periods of time or bending over to pick up an item. Advocates of the movement are fighting to remedy this situation not with diet and exercise but instead with disability claims. “When I think of a disability, I think of something that is out of your control to help,” said Celina Cain, health care administration senior. Cain has a valid point. Obesity is often curable. It is difficult to lose weight and it is difficult to eat well, but it is completely doable. I’d say it is a lot easier to lose weight than to fight for disability claims for a preventable and curable disease. Disability claims are for people in dire or unavoidable circumstances. “I know people say that there are a lot of genetics involved, but you can still fight your genetics by doing regular exercise and eating healthy and taking care of your body,” Cain said. There are plenty of ways to prevent obesity and maintain a healthy weight, including following a healthy eating plan and drinking lots of water. Portion control is very important when managing calorie intake and with tons of smart phone apps, tracking intake has never been easier. Go for a walk. Work out with a friend. If facing extreme circumstances, schedule an appointment with a doctor or a nutritionist and get help. Self-confidence is important, sure, but it is not more important than physical health. People can love their body and be healthy at the same time. Being comfortable with your own weight will get you nowhere if obesity kills you by the age of 40. —Madison Teague is an English junior


Responsibility for violence falls to police, not civilians

Brandon Sams OPINIONS COLUMNIST @TheBrandonSams


omply or die. This seems to be the narrative pushed by establishment supporters in discussions regarding overt policing, and it lays the groundwork for a dangerous precedent. Last week The University Star ran a column March 25 establishing that in order to improve police relations, civilians must just comply with everything officers say or run the risk of being killed. The column by Madison Teague used one anec-

dote to build an entire argument as to why “comply or die” is justified, and it did not exactly help the position being presented. Anecdotes and convenient examples are one thing, but the facts cannot be as easily manipulated. According to the FBI’s 2013 Crime in the United States report, 461 felony suspects were shot by police in 2013. This was the highest reported number in over two decades. It is important to note the key words used there are “felony suspects.” The report does not include nonsuspects or misdemeanor suspects. So, the slew of civilians that are routinely the victims of extrajudicial violence was largely uncounted in the numbers. Not to mention the numbers are entirely reported by police departments, which are not exactly glistening bastions of honesty—especially in the wake of countless controversies. The most accurate numbers available put legitimate media reports of police

The University Star Editor-in-Chief................................................Nicole Barrios, Managing Editor....................Cameron Cutshall, News Editor..............................................Kelsey Bradshaw, Lifestyle Editor..........................................Britton Richter, Opinions Editor.......................................Imani McGarrell, Photo Editor...........................................Madelynne Scales, Sports Editor........................................... Quixem Ramirez, Copy Desk Chief.....................................Sam Hankins,

killings since May 1, 2013 at 1,709 civilians—close to 4 times the selfreported numbers. The most interesting tidbit from the FBI report is that violent crime is at the lowest it has been in almost 40 years. If crimes are down to historically low levels, the killing of civilians at record-high numbers raises a legitimate concern about police brutality, policing and excessive force. Aside from the facts, one of the other talking points rampant in the Star column was compliance. Teague asserted that civilians should give complete agency to police officials to ask whatever they choose. The argument was that regardless of the question or threat, utter obedience by the populace is the way to go. Cops are not gods. They do not have the right to kill a person just because they dared to ignore an officer’s request. A lack of complete compliance should never be a death

sentence, and anyone who argues that it should is missing the forest for the trees. Power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Allocating total rights and power to police officials does nothing but breed corruption, which in turn breeds tyranny. Turning the United States into modern-day North Korea does not exactly sound like what the founders of this country envisioned. I’ll pass on a dystopia of militarized police authority. This zero-tolerance of non-compliance pervading the police force seems to be the catalyst for an increase in brutality and extrajudicial murder. It is worthwhile to express to the ones actually doing the killing that they should just maybe use discretion and not kill people for failing to follow orders. Driving up to a 12-year-old black boy and, without prior cause or examination, killing him in two seconds flat does not seem to be

in compliance with the officer’s code of conduct. If anyone should be reprimanded for their lack of compliance, it should be those law enforcers who forgo their vows, not the citizens who are victimized by the officers’ lack of due diligence. Take Rialto, where researchers studied the effects of police body cameras. After introducing body cameras to the police force complaints of police misconduct fell a startling 88 percent with use of force falling 60 percent. Keeping police accountable for their actions apparently has a positive effect on the community they are policing. Appealing to authority about why citizens should never ever question a law enforcer is cute. However, the numbers do not lie. The ones who need to be supervised in order to curb brutality and fatal use of force are the officers, not the civilians. —Brandon Sams is a journalism sophomore

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The University Star is the student newspaper of Texas State University and is published every Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday of the spring and fall and every other Wednesday in the summer semesters. It is distributed on campus and throughout San Marcos at 8 a.m. on publication days with a distribution of 6,000. Printing and distribution is by the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung. Copyright Tuesday, March 31, 2015. All copy, photographs and graphics appearing in The University Star are the exclusive property of The University Star and may not be reproduced without the expressed written consent of the editor in chief. The first five issues of each edition of the paper are free. Additional copies of the paper can be purchased at 50¢ per copy. Contact The University Star office at (512) 245-3487 to purchase additional copies.

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Bobcats prepare for ‘dog fight’ against Roadrunners By Quixem Ramirez SPORTS EDITOR @quixem The Texas State baseball has undergone a transformation that has taken nearly two months. The Bobcats no longer squander leads in the ninth inning. Gone are the days without a reliable starting pitcher. The offense—a problem earlier in the season—has provided the pitching staff with enough run support for consistent wins. Texas State, facing UTSA Tuesday night, is a different team. The Bobcats’ 11-7 victory in the March 17 matchup against UTSA exemplifies the team’s change in trajectory. The Bobcats trailed 7-4 heading into the seventh inning, and their chances were dwindling. The rally started with a single. And another single. And a walk.

Eventually nine consecutive batters reached base, capping a sevenrun stretch for the Bobcats. The team turned a three-run deficit into a four-run lead in half an inning as the Bobcats snatched a victory from the jaws of defeat. “We don’t have to say a whole lot about UTSA,” said Jeremy Fikac, assistant coach. “Our kids go in there and compete their butts off. That’s a great rivalry for us. We have an opportunity to win the I-35 rivalry, do we not?” UTSA will be familiar territory for Montana Parsons, freshman pitcher, who earned the start in the previous matchup against the Roadrunners. Parsons was pulled in the second inning against UTSA after allowing seven baserunners in 12 plate appearances. The performance was an eyeopener for Parsons, who responded

with a seven-inning outing against nationally ranked Texas in his next start. Parsons will make his third consecutive midweek start. “Montana Parsons will be ready to go,” Fikac said. “I’ll be looking for him to build on his performance against Texas.” Texas State’s offense is gelling at the right time. Granger Studdard, sophomore outfielder, has improved his batting average .123 points from a .147 mark Feb. 28. Studdard is batting .333 since Feb. 28, with a hit in 14 of 17 games. Studdard has been in the fourth spot in the batting lineup, which is traditionally a position given to one of the best hitters on the team. For the last two weeks, Studdard has lived up to his “Granger Danger” nickname. “He’s been going for the last two weeks,” Fikac said. “His approach

at the plate is good. He’s not hooking balls and flying off balls. He’s going to his strengths and driving balls. When guys make mistakes, he has so much pull-side juice.” Early in the season, Studdard was pressing. He was swinging too much and flailing at pitches outside of the strike zone. Studdard did not change his batting approach. He just improved his mental game. See ball, hit ball. “One thing I did notice is that I wasn’t thinking, and that’s a big part of when you’re hitting,” Studdard said. “I just took a step back and started to see the ball and track it and wait for my one pitch. That’s all.” Studdard’s improvement has a trickle-down effect on the rest of the batters in the lineup. Tanner Hill, junior catcher, was the beneficiary against Georgia

Southern. Hill batted in the fifth spot, behind Studdard, tallying seven runs batted in for the threegame series. Fikac said the team expects this type of performance from Hill, who was recruited to be a prominent hitter in the middle of the batting order. Solidifying the fourth and fifth spots in the batters means the pitchers have to choose between the lesser of two evils. “It makes me feel good,” Hill said. “Me being a threat will really help Granger (Studdard). If I keep hitting good, Granger (Studdard) is going to have good pitches to hit too. It could really help our lineup.” Texas State has a 53-29 all-time record against UTSA, but the I-35 rivalry is closer than it appears. “Tuesday will be a dogfight,” Hill said. “UTSA always is.”


Men’s, women’s teams honored at Texas Relays By Jose Campos SPORTS REPORTER @josewithaj The Texas State track and field team showed it can perform against the best athletes in the nation at the Texas Relays. “I think this was one of our best relays that we’ve had since we’ve been here,” said Coach Dana Boone. “There was a lot of good performances across the board. I was very proud of how the Texas State track and field team represented us.” Macahla Wesley (sophomore sprinter), Nia Dorner (sophomore sprinter), Marika Brown (sophomore sprinter) and Briana Adams (sophomore sprinter) ran a time of 3:39:54 in the women’s 4x400-meter relay, placing third behind Purdue and Oklahoma. The time moved the women into first in the Sun Belt Conference. In the men’s 4x400-meter relay, De’Marcus Porter (freshman sprinter), Anthony Johnson (junior sprinter), James Hilliard (junior sprinter) and De’Quad Binder (junior mid-distance) had a run time of 3:08:72, finishing second in the group and claiming first place in the Sun Belt Conference. Boone said the meet was the first time in her coaching tenure at Texas State that the

men and women’s relay teams made the finals. Julie Lange (sophomore thrower), Chelsie Decoud (freshman jumper) and Seth Arnold (junior pole vaulter) had notable achievements in the Texas Relays. Julie Lange, sophomore thrower, had a distance of 53.26 meters in the women’s discus, earning second in the group. She is now first in the conference. Chelsie Decoud, freshman jumper, placed ninth in the women’s high jump with 1.76 meters, putting her first in the Sun Belt Conference. Arnold’s 5.50-meter vault earned him first place in the relay. He vaulted into first in the conference rankings. Boone said she cannot yet tell where the team stands in the nation. She looks forward to the future meets. The team, she said, has a lot to work on. The Bobcats’ next meet is Friday April 3 at the Baylor Invitational. “I think I might have a better indication next week about national rankings and all of that,” Boone said. “(We’re) definitely off to a good start. We had some great performances over the last three days of competition between the Texas Relays and our own Bobcat Invitational, so we are definitely putting ourselves in a good position.”

Team clinches weekend series in 11-4 win By Quixem Ramirez SPORTS EDITOR @quixem The Texas State baseball team was down to its final out in the first, third and fifth innings. Georgia Southern did not close the deal, and Texas State scored 10 of 11 runs with two outs. The Bobcats’ 11-4 victory Sunday is their third series win of the season. “It doesn’t hurt that we came out to an early lead,” said Jeremy Fikac, assistant coach. “When you get knocked down, you gotta get back up. I thought our kids had a lot of fight in them today.” Texas State exceeded 10 runs for the second time this season, with the bulk of the scoring coming from Granger Studdard, sophomore left fielder, and Tanner Hill, junior catcher. Hill and Studdard combined for six runs batted in, four hits and four runs. Fikac said having offensive production behind Studdard and David Paiz, senior third baseman, means the hitters can be more selective with their pitches. “Today definitely clicked,” Studdard said. “It’s always nice when everyone in the lineup can put a good hit on it and drive in some runs. We did it all with two outs.” Studdard singled in the third inning after hitting his third home run of the season. Studdard’s single was a part of a stretch when eight consecutive Bobcat batters reached base. Hill, who was batting in the fifth spot behind Studdard, followed with a double that rebounded off the left center field wall, scoring two runs. Hill finished the three-game series against Georgia Southern with four hits, seven runs batted in and a .364 batting average. He was batting .211 prior to the series. “It felt good,” Hill said. “Up until this weekend, I had been really struggling. All throughout this weekend I felt pretty good. Hopefully I can keep

it going.” Hill added his first home run of the season in the fifth inning. The junior catcher is abiding by the “less is more” adage. “I stopped trying to hit the ball so far like these guys have been preaching to me since I’ve been here,” Hill said. Texas State was not done, though. Ben McElroy, senior first baseman, joined the scoring binge with a three-run home run. The Bobcats’ lead stretched to seven runs. The inning was capped with a RBI single from Luke Sherley, freshman shortstop. Texas State was leading 9-2 with six innings remaining. Maintaining the lead was up to Jeremy HalHARON SAENZ STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER lonquist, junior pitcher, who earned the first weekend start of his Jeremy Hallonquist, junior pitcher, throws a ball March 29 against Georgia Southern at Bobcat Ballpark. career against Georgia Southern. put in a lot of work, changing his body “He’s pitched in big games for us,” and becoming more physical. He’s Fikac said. “Today was a big game, one of the kids, every time on the truthfully.” road, he’s in the hotel weight room Hallonquist won his second game trying to do something to get better.” of the season after allowing two Texas State has an 8-4 record in earned runs in 6.1 innings. Strikeouts the conference, putting the Bobcats and groundouts accounted for 15 of half a game behind first-place GeorHallonquist’s 19 outs. gia State. Fikac said Hallonquist earned a The Bobcats set their eyes on a weekend starting position with his Sun Belt Conference title before the fall performance before an injury set season, but Fikac does not believe the him back. team has a ceiling to reach. Hallonquist’s 4.1-inning outing in “Gaining confidence,” Fikac said. the 8-7 victory against South Ala- “There’s nothing we can substitute for bama gave Fikac the confidence to that. We can’t sprinkle magical constart him with first place in the Sun fidence dust on people. You have to Belt Conference on the line. earn it. These kids are starting to earn “I expect him to get stronger as this it, and they’re believing. We can still thing goes,” Fikac said. “That kid has get better, and I believe that.”



Sunday turned out to be a long day for the Texas State softball team early in the final game of the series against Louisiana-Lafayette. The Ragin’ Cajuns picked up where they left off in Saturday’s 15-2 victory over the Bobcats. Haley Hayden, Ragin’ Cajuns sophomore second baseman, began Sunday’s game with a home run over the left field wall to put Louisiana-Lafayette on the board in the first inning. Two batters later, Lexi Elkins, Ragin’ Cajuns junior catcher, added to the lead with the second home run of the inning. Louisiana-Lafayette added two runs in the seventh inning after going scoreless for five innings, resulting in the 4-0 win for the Ragin’ Cajuns. The loss puts the Bobcats at 21-15 overall and 6-5 in the

Sun Belt Conference. “We just learned that we have to execute,” said Coach Ricci Woodard. “We didn’t do a good job executing offensively today, and we missed some key plays defensively. You can’t do that against good ball clubs.” The Bobcats threatened to put up some runs in the first inning. With one out, Ariel Ortiz, freshman shortstop, advanced to third base when Courtney Harris, senior third baseman, reached second base on a throwing error. Kortney Koroll, senior designated player, and Kendall Wiley, junior first baseman, struck out to end the scoring opportunity. Alex Stewart, Ragin’ Cajuns sophomore pitcher, pitched a complete game and earned her sixth win of the season. Stewart’s off-speed pitching kept the Bobcat lineup off balance all game. She gave up four hits with 11 strikeouts. Louisiana-Lafayette was unable to run away with the game after gaining

the lead in the first inning. Randi Rupp, freshman pitcher, maintained her composure. Woodard left her in the game despite the two home runs given up in the first inning. Rupp pitched her 20th complete game of the season and received the loss. Rupp, who threw 300 pitches in the series, is 15-9 this season. “I thought Randi did a great job,” Woodard said. “She did a great job at keeping us in the ball game, and then we didn’t execute on a few plays in the seventh, putting us down two more runs. It makes it hard on her against a team like that.” Texas State is now fifth in the Sun Belt with eight conference matchups remaining in the season. Louisiana-Lafayette, ranked 14th in the nation, improves to 12-3 in the Sun Belt and 27-5 overall. The Bobcats will play four games before continuing Sun Belt play. Texas State hosts Troy April 11th at Bobcat Softball Stadium.

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