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Defending the First Amendment since 1911


SEPTEMBER 26, 2012

Student Sustainable Farm

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Student struggles with disability office resources By Jordan Gass-Poore’ The University Star

Austin Humphreys, Photo Editor

Kevin James Reyes, criminal justice senior, and his hearing dog, Jasper, cope with frustrations with the Office of Disability Services on a day-to-day basis.

Kevin-James Reyes took a long drag of a cigarette while his three-year-old hearing dog, Jasper Hale Cullen, lay patiently by his feet. The two were taking a break from walking, their typical mode of transportation. The black Labrador provides Reyes, a criminal justice senior who has been deaf since he was 10 years old, with companionship and an increased sound awareness of his environment. However, there are many obstacles still standing in Reyes’ way of independence. He said he struggled for years with the Texas State Office of Disability Services about on-campus accessibility for those who are deaf or have partial hearing loss. “I want to feel the real life experiences,” Reyes said. “I’m forced to sit at home.” Reyes’ feelings of isolation stem from numerous failed attempts to receive sufficient interpreter and captioning services from Disability Services. The New York native said he has even considered transferring from the university because of problems with the office. Clint-Michael Reneau, Office of Disability Services director, said in an email he is obligated by federal regulations and personal respect for students’ privacy not to disclose specific student information. However, Reneau said the office makes every effort to look into matters that may have an impact on the 1,601 students registered with ODS. Financial circumstances brought Reyes to Texas State after transferring from Rochester Institute of Technology last year. He said Texas pays for his education through the Department of Assistive and Rehabilitative Services Certificate of Deafness Tuition Waiver. Reyes may not be contending with tuition costs, but he worries about the dayto-day, outside-the-classroom activities that make life as a university student memorable and worthwhile. Reyes said he wants to enjoy Texas Statesponsored events, such as live Bobcat Athletics play-by-plays, with his friends. However, scheduling conflicts and insufficient funds have halted his requests for an interpreter or captioning services at university football games.


County faces potential suit over prayers By Taylor Tompkins Assistant News Editor Invocation, the prayer that opens every Hays County Commissioners Court meeting, proceeded as usual Tuesday, despite being the topic of a potential lawsuit facing the court. Americans United for Separation of Church and State sent county commissioners a letter dated April 27 regarding a complaint they received over the inclusion of sectarian prayer during the meetings. Though the letter implied further legal action would be taken, commissioners took no action over the potential lawsuit during the Sept. 25 meeting. According to the letter, this practice violates the Establishment Clause in the First Amendment of the Constitution. The court can only be in compliance by either no longer praying or restricting invocation to nonsectarian prayer. The letter said the sectarian prayer alienated non-judeo-christian constituents and left them feeling unwelcomed and unrepresented by commissioners. Americans United for Separation of Church and State said in the letter that commissioners are not representing their citizens by continuing sectorial prayers. The letter requested the court respond within 30 days. “They claim that the only way we can maintain prayer in the court is a nonsectarian (prayer), by not mixing certain Christian words like ‘Jesus,’ ‘Father God’ or ‘Holy Spirit,’” said Judge Bert Cobb. “This court changed its behavior, and I did all the prayer for 10 weeks, which was just fine with them.” Cobb said the issue re-emerged after a volunteer said “in the name of Jesus” during a meeting. The organization sent another letter to the court June 19. The letter expressed the need for further action if there was no reported response from commissioners after 14 days. Cobb wouldn’t name the person whose complaints prompted the letters from Americans United for Separation of Church and State. The court opened public comment to allow for transparency to constituents in Hays County, Cobb said. “We have been very cognizant of the problems of the separation of church and state,” Cobb said. “We have puzzled with this for months, but this being the most open court in the history of Hays


Texas law could cut funding to women’s clinics By Megan Carthel News Reporter Local low-income women may be affected if a recent Texas ruling is passed. Texas officials recently attempted to pass a law to exclude any non-profit clinics providing abortion services from receiving funding from the Medicaid Women’s Health Program. Seven Planned Parenthood facilities then sued the state, arguing the ruling violates the organization’s right to free speech. The Women’s Health Program is a federally funded program helping to provide basic and comprehensive health care by awarding money to non-profit clinics. Sarah Wheat, interim co-CEO of Planned Parenthood of the Texas Capital Region, said the Planned Parenthood on East Seventh Street in Austin treats about 25,000 women per year. Wheat said if the ruling is passed, the organization would lose approximately $3 million. The clinic uses this money to provide free exams. To make up for the lost funds, Planned Parenthood might have to close down a clinic or two or begin charging clients some type of fee. They might have to let go some of the doctors, nurse practitioners and RNs the organization employs. “It just doesn’t fit into some women’s monthly paychecks to pay for cancer screenings and exams,” Wheat said. “We will not be able to serve as many women without (the Women’s Health Program). That’s unfortunate.”

Terry Williams, former director of Central Texas Life Care, said Texas has a right to distribute the funds any way the state deems fit. “No matter where you are, really across the board, we know philosophically, politically and religiously that most of us really agree that my tax dollars and your tax dollars should not go to fund someone else’s abortion,” Williams said. Molly Finneran, Texas State Feminists United co-president, said if the state stops funding Planned Parenthood and similar entities, Texas will have to create its own program, which will be more costly. “We can barely afford to fund our public schools right now,” Finneran said. “How are we supposed to take on something like the Women’s Health Program?” Williams said Texas will implement its own Texas Women’s Health Program Nov. 1. Planned Parenthood, a non-profit women’s health clinic, receives funding based on the amount of clients it sees. Planned Parenthood clinics are part of nearly 2,000 women’s health clinics providing or referring abortions, Williams said. Planned Parenthood clinics provide women with cancer screenings, sexually transmitted disease and infection testing, education and other women’s health care services. Wheat said the top three services provided by Planned Parenthood to mostly lowincome women are birth control, screening and treatment of STDs and STIs and breast and cervical cancer screenings. She said 95 percent of the services Planned Parenthood

provides to its clients are non-abortion services. Wheat and Finneran both agree defunding the Women’s Heath Program to clinics providing abortion services would cost the state more money in healthcare dollars than it would to continue funding. Williams suggests using funds in abstinence education in schools to help prevent a higher number of unplanned pregnancies among lower-income women. Finneran said when lawmakers say they are pro-life, they generally don’t support social services and increased Medicaid. “It boggles my mind that you can tell me you’re pro-life but not support things that support children, families and women,” Finneran said. Sarah Wiatrek, co-president of Feminists United, believes the ruling is a forceful response from individuals imposing their religious beliefs on others. “Believe what you want to believe,” Wiatrek said. “Acting on your belief is what should be protected and that’s what’s being lost. To me (the problem is in) more of the gray area where religion fits into the state should be able to practice what they want.” Governor Rick Perry called the ruling “a win for Texas women, our rule of law and our state’s priority to protect life,” according to an Aug. 21 New York Times article. “I think any time you’re declaring a victory when you’ve blocked access to cervical cancer screenings for low income, uninsured women, that’s not a win and that’s not a victory,” Wheat said. “It’s certain that the outcomes are not positive.”

No matter where you are, really across the board, we know philosophically, politically and religiously that most of us really agree that my tax dollars and your tax dollars should not go to fund someone else’s abortion.” —Terry Williams, former director of Central Texas Life Care

The Planned Parenthood on East Seventh Street in Austin treats about


women per year.

Planned Parenthood clinics are a part of nearly


women’s health clinics providing or referring abortions.


95 percent

of the services Planned Parenthood provides to its client are nonabortion services.

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wild art


DAY IN HISTORY 1789 – Thomas Jefferson was appointed America’s first secretary of state and John Jay the first chief justice. 1888 – Poet T.S. Eliot was born in St. Louis, Mo. 1898 – Composer George Gershwin was born in Brooklyn, New York. 1914 – The Federal Trade Commission was established. 1950 – United Nations troops recaptured the South Korean capital of Seoul from the North Koreans. 1957 – The musical “West Side Story” opened on Broadway. 1969 – The album “Abbey Road” by the Beatles was released. 1986 – William H. Rehnquist was sworn in as the 16th chief justice of the United States, while Antonin Scalia joined the Supreme Court as an associate justice. 2000 – Slobodan Milosevic conceded that his challenger, Vojislav Kostunica, had finished first in Yugoslavia’s presidential election. Milosevic declared a runoff, a move that prompted mass protests leading to his ouster. 2005 – Army Pfc. Lynndie England was convicted by a military jury on six counts stemming from the Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal. 2005 – International weapons inspectors announced the Irish Republican Army’s full disarmament. 2007 – Myanmar began a violent crackdown on protests, beating and dragging away dozens of monks. — Courtesy of The New York Times

Erin Dyer, Staff Photographer

Lauren Walter, history senior, donates blood Sept. 25 in The Quad during the Texas State Blood Drive.

Sept. 16, 2:22 a.m. Gaillardia Hall Minor in possession of alcohol Two students were cited for minor in possession of alcohol. This case is under judicial review. Sept. 16, 3:32 a.m. Student Center Drive Minor in possession of alcohol Two students were cited for minor in possession of alcohol. This case is under judicial review. Sept. 16, 4:24 a.m. Read Street Driving under the influence of alcohol by a minor A student was arrested for DUI-minor and transported to the Hays County Law Enforcement Center and is awaiting a trial. Sept. 16, 7:09 p.m. Blanco Parking Garage Possession of drug paraphernalia A student was cited for possession of drug paraphernalia. This case is under judicial review. Sept. 16, 10:00 p.m. Blanco Parking Garage Burglary of vehicle A student reported personal property had been taken without consent. This case is under investigation. Sept. 18, 5:07 p.m. LBJ Parking Garage Forgery of government monetary instrument Attempt to spend counterfeit currency at the university was reported. This case is under investigation. Sept. 18, 6:57 p.m. Academy Street Warrant service A non-student was arrested for a warrant and transported to Hays County Law Enforcement Center. —Courtesy of University Police Department

UNDERGRADUATE CERTIFICATE: Health Information Privacy and Security GRADUATE: Communications Disorders Healthcare Administration Physical Therapy Health Research

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Reyes said the office continues to blame its inability to provide adequate resources to those registered with a hearing disability on lack of funding. However, Reneau said every university department and office must efficiently and effectively manage budgets and resources in order to maximize service to all students the office serves. “The vice president for student affairs, budgeting office and the president have always been willing to provide the Office of Disability Services with the funds needed to ensure all of the students served by (the Office of Disability Services) at Texas State have appropriate and reasonable accommodations to meet the needs of their academic programs and educational experiences,” Reneau said. There were an estimated 51 deaf or hard of hearing students registered in 2010. Linda Lovelace, liaison interpreter, said students who are deaf or have partial hearing loss must provide an audiogram as documentation. Services offered to students with hear-


ing loss include interpreters, preferential seating and closed captioning. Lovelace said the captioning services pilot program was implemented at Texas State in fall 2004. Since then, there have been more than 100 special captioning requests, totaling more than 11,000 hours in fiscal year 2010. Twenty-four students used captioning services last year. Reyes said funding problems have been a reason why the office employs student caption writers who assist in transcribing lectures at the request of those registered through the office. Texas State alumnus Matt Kelly was a university caption writer for more than a year. He worked with about 20 students. For Kelly, working as a caption writer meant always reaching his goal of transcribing lectures and student questions “verbatim.” To reach his transcription goal, Kelly said the office required training for caption writers, which included transcribing lectures about classroom professionalism,

typing enhancement software and practicing keying previously recorded lectures. His caption writing training did not end once he entered the classroom. Kelly said he and his fellow caption writers performed routine trainings throughout the year intended to keep their services at the highest possible performance level. “There were some difficulties in captioning. It can be a somewhat demanding job and requires a lot of focus, sometimes for a long period of time, if you’re working alone,” Kelly said. “Spelling can be tricky sometimes, especially in classes with a lot of jargon. Some professors may have thick accents, which also complicates the transcription process. These challenges can be overcome with practice, however.” Reneau said the caption writers must complete a comprehensive interview, skills test and inventory procedure before being assigned to a student who is deaf or has hearing loss. Once in the classroom, caption writers set up a laptop or a machine with a display screen the student can view.

However, Reyes had complaints about the student captionists. “(The Office of Disability Services) doesn’t train students,” Reyes said. “They type word-for-word and are very slow. They sometimes say they can’t hear the professor when they miss a word. I can read lips. They also don’t ask the professor how to spell the word. It gets frustrating.” Reyes did not feel as though his assigned caption writers’ transcription abilities improved over time. As a solution to his problem, Reyes said he requested to hire a friend who is a certified caption writer through an outside source, but was told by Texas State Office of Disability Services he could not. However, Reneau said he does not believe the office has received any requests from students to hire a caption writer. Reyes said he has had to continue to use the services despite failing classes and dealing with Texas State faculty and staff who stereotype. He wants to make it his life’s work to help improve Americans with Disabilities Act services in Texas.

legal fact, to support the claim prayer before meetings was unconstitutional. Sam Montoya, a pastor in San Marcos for 41 years, said he has given invocations “with his whole heart” at community functions over the years. “You have a heavy burden upon you,” Montoya said to the court. “You have a heavy burden to lead us. Please continue those prayers and allow us to be part of this work.” There were approximately 20 residents

who spoke at the meeting, none of whom asked the commissioners to stop praying. Among those was Susan Narvaiz, former San Marcos mayor and congressional candidate. She said she supported the court, not only as a Christian but as a representative who faced similar problems. “This is what many men and women died for,” Narvaiz said. “Today is your day to defend it. Not on a bloody battlefield in a far away land, but right here at home in Hays County.”


County, we thought it was time that you understood the problem. This court was very aware of it and is doing its very best to comply with the law in all forms.” Cobb said the entirety of the court wants to keep prayer as part of court sessions and would have to decide how to pay for litigation should legal action occur. Jonathan Saenz, Buda resident and attorney for the Liberty Institute, said his firm specializes in constitutional law and would offer the county its legal services

free of charge. “Time and time again we have seen groups threaten well-meaning public servants like yourselves trying to do the right thing and continuing to follow the law, with threats that are baseless and are not followed by current law,” Saenz said to the commissioners. “Time and time again, Liberty Institute, myself and our trained litigators have stood with officials like you, have stood for religious liberty.” Saenz said the letter cited opinion, not

It makes you smarter.

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Texas State should focus on education, end hiring freeze

Lara Shine, Star Illustrator


t is important to remember where students should want their money to go during a time when construction cranes and new buildings dominate the Texas State skyline: into the quality of their education. The university has been in a hiring freeze for a few years, only bringing in new staff and faculty members to fill existing vacancies. This practice, coupled with an annual increase in student enrollment, is jeopardizing the quality of student education. Classrooms begin overflowing when student growth outpaces the hiring of instructors. Students in art history classes can be found sitting on the floor and on stairs, and dozens of extra desks and tables are being brought into lecture halls to accommodate the population influx. Those who take notes from the ground or from the stairs are paying the same tuition as any other student and are entitled to equal access to classroom resources. Texas State’s inability to hire more faculty members is negatively affecting student education.

The average class size is 27 people, even though the Office of University Marketing webpage reports that the university has a 20-1 student-to-faculty ratio. Texas State ranked dead last in the state in 2009 with a 29-1 student-to-faculty ratio, and enrollment has only grown larger since then. Other emerging research universities such as the University of Texas-Dallas and the University of North Texas have student-to-faculty ratios of 19-1 and 20-1 respectively. Smaller class sizes allow professors to give more one-on-one attention, and students will benefit from the increased attention. Texas State has made up for the shortage of instructors by increasing class sizes and utilizing graduate students to help teach classes. However, employing teacher assistants and student instructors can only go so far—at a certain point, the legitimacy of the institution comes into question. Students should not be paying large amounts of money to be taught from a haphazard network of overflowing classrooms and filler instructors. There are a lot of issues demanding the time, attention and—most scarce and important of all—the money of this institution. Financial aid awards are decreasing,

and the university is knee-deep in several large construction projects. Parking and buses are also a daily headache, and more emphasis is continuing to be placed on Texas State’s athletics. All of these aspects are incredibly important to the future of the institution, but the editorial board believes that education should still come first. Hiring more instructors is the first step that needs to be addressed. Lowering the average class size will allow instructors to better serve students, who should feel like more than just a number. There are many challenges on Texas State’s horizon, but the quality of education and the importance of the instructors cannot be overlooked.

The Main Point is the opinion of the newspaper’s editorial board. Columns are the opinions of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the full staff, Texas State University-San Marcos Student Media, the School of Journalism and Mass Communication or Texas State University-San Marcos.

Students need to respect handicapped parking privileges

By Ariella Hannon Opinions Columnist


tudent parking has become increasingly scarce. However, students without permits should never infringe on the rights of the disabled to park in handicapped spaces. The abuse and misuse of handicapped spots has even led the Hays County Commissioners Court to consider alternative ways to handle parking violators. According to a Sept. 12 University Star article, the commissioners court may enforce and fine those who park illegally in handicapped spaces, with the help of non-profit organization Access Improvement. The court has also suggested a

program, much like defensive driving, to make the public aware of why people should not park in handicapped spaces without necessity. Spaces meant for those with disabilities or temporary injuries should not be occupied by people who park without the proper tags. Furthermore, handicapped parking spaces are not places to casually wait and pick up someone. Some people abuse their family members’ or friends’ handicapped parking tags, which can be disrespectful to those who actually need the designated spaces. Aside from knowing that handicapped spaces are not meant for idle parking and misuse, students, faculty and staff need to be aware that not every disability is clearly visible. Likewise, just because certain drivers are young does not mean they do not have disabilities. There are many students at Texas State who have physical, mental and psychological handicaps. Devin Culpepper, interdisciplinary studies curriculum and instruction senior, has a disability and utilizes the handicapped parking spaces on campus. “I have had three faculty members approach me about

parking in the restricted area,” Culpepper said. “What I do not think a lot of them understand is (students with handicapped parking permits) are allowed to park in any (handicapped) parking spot on campus.” Parking is restricted and limited on campus, but regardless of sticker color, people with handicapped permits are allowed to park in any disability space in all of the campus garages. If those students were restricted to commuter parking lots only, they would have to travel much farther than their disabilities may allow. The Commissioners Court has chosen to consider stronger enforcement because members feel too many people misuse handicapped spaces and are not punished for it. If laws are not enforced, people are unlikely to follow them carefully. The only people harmed when the rules are not enforced are those who need to utilize the spaces in the first place. According to the same University Star article, the proposed first offense fine would be $250 for the handicap awareness and educational program. If, however, the offenders don’t want to become more

educated through the program, they could potentially choose to pay a $500 fine or bring their case to trial for possible dismissal. If the court truly wants to treat this issue as a misdemeanor, the fines should climb as the numbers of offenses do. Students should increase their understanding and awareness of disabilities to better comprehend the importance of designated handicapped spaces. Culpepper said students should never assume they know exactly what their peers are going through. “I hate having people give me nasty looks because I need to park closer to my buildings,” Culpepper said. “It makes me feel like crap because it’s not my fault. Just because someone isn’t in a wheelchair or doesn’t have an obvious limp doesn’t mean they’re not disabled. We come in all kinds.” Students should be respectful of people with disabilities or injuries, and acknowledge their right to park in designated handicapped spaces. —Ariella Hannon is an English senior.

Campus parking permit prices should be lowered

By Molly Block Opinions Columnist


exas State should lower student parking permits to a more affordable price and make student parking more accessible and convenient. The transportation and parking advisory committee gathered March 30 to discuss the parking services budget for fall 2012 and spring and summer 2013, according to an April 12 University Star

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article. All parking permits are valid from fall through summer. To avoid fines, the permits must be renewed by the following fall. Full-time faculty and staff making an annual salary of $25,000 or less and using a restricted parking permit can receive discounts ranging from 50 to 70 percent. According to the same article, Joanne Smith, vice president for student affairs, said parking services is auxiliary and self-supporting. Funding for the operation comes solely from the cost of permits and parking violation tickets. Smith said the revenue collected from parking permits and tickets helps pay off many costs, such as the 20- to 30-year debt on garages and lots and the construction of new parking areas. In 2011, the price of a perimeter parking permit was $95 for the whole year. As of this year, the price has increased to $105. Residence hall permits have simi-

Editor In Chief................................................Beth Brown, Managing Editor............................Lee Moran, News Editor...................................................Caitlin Clark, Trends Editor............................Hollie O’Connor, Opinions Editor..........................................Liza Winkler, Photo Editor.......................................Austin Humphreys, Sports Editor..........................................Cameron Irvine, Copy Desk Chief......................Thomas Glasebrook, Web Editor............................................Karyn Kittlitz,

larly increased by $35 to a total of $245, while the restricted faculty permits have gone up $40 to now cost $265. For many Texas State students and employees, the permit price increases are upsetting. Off-campus students are encouraged to use the Texas State Bobcat Tram, which is an excellent way to save money without having to buy a parking permit. Other solutions might include riding a bike to school or even walking, if possible. The current price of parking permits is simply not affordable for on-campus students with cars. This is also true for students who do not live in town and must commute to school. Generally speaking, many students do not have a lot of extra money to spend on parking permits. After paying for tuition, books and room and board, there is not a lot of spending money left in students’ pocket books. As it is now, the student lots are farther

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away from campus to make room for closer faculty parking. According to the Office of University Marketing webpage, the student-to-faculty ratio at Texas State is 20-1. Texas State should make parking more convenient and available for students because there are so many more students than faculty and staff members. Constructing more student parking garages or adding more parking lots would solve a lot of the issues that students are facing. The university could especially use more funding to improve student parking in the future. Following the law of supply and demand, if Texas State wants to reduce the prices of parking permits for students, more student parking options need to be available on campus. —Molly Block is a mass communication junior.

The University Star is the student newspaper of Texas State University-San Marcos and is published every other Wednesday in the summer semesters. It is distributed on campus and throughout San Marcos at 8 a.m. on publication days with a distribution of 6,000. Printing and distribution is by the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung. Copyright Wednesday, September 26, 2012. All copy, photographs and graphics appearing in The University Star are the exclusive property of The University Star and may not be reproduced without the expressed written consent of the editor in chief. The first five issues of each edition of the paper are free. Additional copies of the paper can be purchased at 50¢ per copy. Contact The University Star office at (512) 245-3487 to purchase additional copies.

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Alumnus’ invention featured on “Shark Tank” said ‘Go Bobcats’ in response,” Kriner said. “I thought that was really cool.” Kriner said “Shark Tank” was a once-ina-lifetime opportunity for multiple reasons. “By teaming up with an investor, it can make your business exponentially grow over night,” Kriner said. “I put my product in front of 12 million viewers in one night. It was estimated to be over $3 million of national advertising that I didn’t have to pay for. On Wednesday, I had 168 website visitors. In the first hour the show aired, I had 22,000 visitors.” Kriner said his “BevBuckle” required many years of design and planning. He didn’t have the luxury of using programs like AutoCAD to design the buckle, and instead used Microsoft Paint. He decided to pursue the “BevBuckle” in early 2008 after his father suggested more effort should be placed into making a “napkin idea” a reality. “A lot of people have ideas and making something out of that rarely goes past napkin,” Kriner said. “It wasn’t like I was going to be rich or the buckle would be the next big thing, but more like something that would be fun to have.” Kriner said he used all of his savings and the proceeds of the sale on a classic car his grandfather left to him as the initial investment for production. Kriner’s initial investment and hard work selling the “BevBuckle” at assorted festivals paid off when he accepted a deal from

By Amy Greene Trends Reporter Tailgating, pitching washers, shooting pool and fishing are just a few of the activities perfect for the “BevBuckle.” Jay Kriner, Texas State alumnus and inventor of the “BevBuckle,” said his idea was generated with some friends over a few beers at Lucy’s on The Square in San Marcos. Kriner’s invention is a belt buckle that folds down to support a beverage, freeing hands. The “BevBuckle” started locally and recently made a national splash on the ABC reality show “Shark Tank,” where inventors pitch their ideas to investors hoping to team up with them and make a profit. Kriner said though he was nervous, he had fun filming for “Shark Tank.” “When you walk right in front of the sharks for the very first time, it is exactly what you see on TV,” Kriner said. “You have to stand there for 30 seconds while they get shots of you staring at each other. It was pretty funny trying to keep a straight face, and they were smiling. It was a fun experience.” Kriner said one clip that did not air in his episode of “Shark Tank” was a short conversation with Mark Cuban, owner of the Dallas Mavericks. “When Mark Cuban asked me where I went to school, I told him Texas State. He

Courtesy of Jay Kriner

“shark” Barbara Corcoran. She offered him $50,000 for a 51 percent stake in his company. Kriner said many types of people love his product and send photos of themselves wearing the buckle. He said one of his favorite photos was from San Marcos local Kim Gaytan. In the photo, Gaytan is wearing her

buckle with a Texas State t-shirt while tailgating during the first Bobcat football game of the season against Texas Tech. “As soon as I saw it, I knew I had to have one. I love it because it is fashionable, I can put it on different belts and it’s functional as a beverage holder,” Gaytan said. “It has great entertainment value too.”

Bobcat pride to be featured at new restaurant By Randi Berkovsky Trends Reporter The move to Division I football has spurred a lot of changes at the university and around San Marcos, one of which is a new Bobcat-pride themed restaurant and bar. Bobcat Nation Sports Bar & Grill will open in the strip mall across from the bus loop in mid October. Co-owners Brandon Stone, David Howard and Terry Wagner plan to cover the place in Texas State memorabilia to transform Bobcat Nation into that “iconic sports bar in the middle of a college town.”

The bar will have many televisions for watching games and both indoor and outdoor seating. Patrons will be able to see Old Main from the outdoor patio. Many major college towns have an iconic sports bar, but San Marcos hasn’t had one until now. The co-owners, two Texas State alumni, want Bobcat Nation to be dedicated to Texas State. “The biggest thing is that we are here for the university. The marketing department at Texas State, the athletic department and the faculty are all very excited about having something on that side of campus that is an alternative to the speed bars downtown,” Howard said. “Not every student wants that all

Students’ hallucinogenic episode remembered by professor

the time. They want somewhere to go and relax and enjoy the game.” The game-day fodder available at Bobcat Nation will include weekly specials, as well as burgers, wings, chicken salads and other “bar food,” Stone said. “Everything will be fresh. It won’t be anything frozen,” Stone said. “As far as drinks go, we will have a full bar with specialty drinks, some that have been known for years and some that we will invent to go along with Texas State. We will have a Bobcat shot and specialty cocktails that you can only get here.” Bobcat Nation will not only be a place to hang out and watch the game. It will serve other purposes for the fac-

ulty and prospective Texas State students as well. Howard said he wants Bobcat Nation to be a place for coaches to take recruits. “We want to have somewhere to take a student athlete that is dedicated to Texas State and helps with the spirit and pride of our university,” Howard said. Bobcat Nation will be open from 11 a.m. to 2 a.m. every day of the week. It will be open to all ages until 9 p.m. Afterward, the kitchen closes and the bar will be open only to ages 21 and up. They owners have started hiring for all positions and can be contacted via their Facebook page.

Local brothers put their own spin on self defense

Erin Dyer, Staff Photographer

The Jackson Hall incident occurred 25 years ago. Several residents made a tea concoction with the hallucinogenic Datura plant, which grows freely in Texas. By Emily Collins Trends Reporter A multi-colored trumpet flower blossoms in the dark. Its features are stunning and its effects are poisonous. Despite its origins of medicinal usage, the plant known as datura caused an uproar among students in the late 1980s. Nicknamed jimsonweed, this elegant yet toxic plant has been the topic of study among horticulturists for centuries. Known for its beauty and destruction, the datura is a member of a genus that is historically dangerous.. About 25 years ago, several students living at Jackson Hall ingested a deadly amount of datura and were all admitted to the emergency room. The students were reported to have mixed the leaves with a liquid in order to experience the plant’s full potential effect as well as to circumvent any suspicion from the residential hall employees. The students endured a loss of bodily sensation along with any sense of reality which resulted in forms of self-mutilation including castration and skin removal. When the students were admitted to the hospital, anthropology professor Jim Garber was called to the scene. Garber teaches several undergraduate courses including Magic, Ritual and Religion, where students are educated about the plant’s uses for religious purposes. “Traditionally, the plant was used in witchcraft,” Garber said. “Witches would apply the leaves to their skin in order to experience the loss of sensation for ritual tactics.” Garber said on the night of the incident,

he was notified that several students at Jackson Hall were having a dangerous reaction to some type of drug. He said the students stood in a horizontal line on the common room coffee table and repeatedly fell flat on their faces one at a time. Garber said the incident put one student in a mental institution. He was informed that it took several months for the drug to wear off, and one has not fully recovered. “A student told me he took LSD in order to gain back a sense of reality,” Garber said. “That’s how bad off these kids were.” Although the plant can produce mind-altering effects, datura is grown domestically throughout the country. Tina Marie Cade, professor of horticulture, has studied plants such as datura. She said the plant is sold commercially in the horticulture industry and although it is toxic and hallucinogenic, the plant also has medicinal properties. In history, datura has been used as a sedative and a catalyst for shamans to encounter the spirit world. In modern medicine, the plant can be used to treat problems associated with the heart, lungs and nervous system. Datura has made appearances in popular culture, most notably in Carlos Castaneda’s book “The Teachings of Don Juan,” published in 1968. The drug has had an influence on counter-culture and college students in the late 20th century. “I tell my students this story because I want them to be aware of the dangers,” Garber said. “I don’t encourage anyone to experiment with this drug.” Despite these catastrophic results, the plant currently can be found in the Living Library located on campus.

Amy Searle, Staff Photographer

Dillan and Colton Windham, The Pyro Brothers, educate interested students on skills relating to parkour and martial arts. By Xander Peters Trends Reporter The Windham brothers found a personal escape through practicing and perfecting home stunts while growing up in San Marcos. Dillan and Colton Windham, San Marcos residents who go by the aliases Achilles and Odysseus, practice a lifestyle of fight or flight. Their active childhood inclination toward thrill-seeking has stuck with them into adulthood. Their interest in martial arts, gymnastics, sword sparring and parkour led the brothers to form an organization a few months ago, which they dubbed “Pyro Brothers Superhero Training.” The brothers said they want people of all levels of experience to come out and have fun. “Teaching people how to do what we’ve already accomplished is the next step of learning more for ourselves,” Dillan Windham said. During their Tuesday and Thursday meetings, the group focuses on giving free lessons to anyone who would like to join outside on a grassy stretch below the Alkek Library’s steps. The two instructors are usually accompanied by a group of people who are interested in their ideas about self-defense,

while others simply watch from a distance. One spectator, Jerry Hook, mathematics sophomore, said that it doesn’t look much like a self-defense class. “I saw the flier, and it kind of piqued my interest, you could say,” said Hook. “But I’m really just trying to figure out the overall goal.” Colton Windham said that he would like to bring back what he calls “real fun.” “Some of the things we do: other people don’t have that. A lot of kids these days consider sitting in front of the computer and playing video games as a sense of fun, or going out and drinking,” he said. “But I’d like to bring the population to actually love having that adrenaline rush we get when doing our stunts.” While earning his merit as an eagle scout in the Boy Scouts of America, Colton Windham encountered miles of intense hiking in Utah. He said the experience made him think about how he could use his talents to tackle extreme environments. The duo hopes to work their way into their very own dojo in the future. “In the future, I’d like to open a school. We can take the crazy stunts you see on YouTube and bring them to life,” said Colton Windham. “With enough practice, there isn’t much that you can’t do.”

6 | Wednesday September 26, 2012 | The University Star


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Soccer must work to fix slow starts and careless errors

By Odus Evbagharu Sports Reporter To say the Texas State soccer team has struggled in its non-conference play this season is like saying Miguel Cabrera of the Detroit Tigers should be the MVP of the American league. It would just be stating the obvious. One point of concern for this club is its inability to score goals. This season the Bobcats have been shut out in four of their 11 games, and scored only once in five. Only twice has Texas State made multiple goals in one game. These happened against clubs like Prairie View A&M who had given up six goals in two games and had not beaten anybody coming into the match.

Texas Southern came to San Marcos 1-7 and my 10-year-old sister’s youth club could score on them. Simply put, the Bobcats are just not getting the job done. The girls have outshot their opponents 148-120. The Bobcats have no problem putting the ball on target because as a team Texas State has had 68 shots on goal, 15 more than its opponents. This means 46 percent of its shots are on target. The attack for this club is stronger than one would think with statistics like that, but numbers don’t always tell the whole story. The slow start in ball games that the girls have displayed this season is what’s killing them. The Bobcats look slow in the first half of games. There seems to be an absence of energy and pace, and they lack the fast starts players need in ball games to avoid falling quickly behind. Texas State has outscored its opponents 10-6 in the second half (six of those goals scored have come against Prairie View and Texas Southern), but has been unable to put up a fight in the first half, only scoring four goals while allowing 10 for their competitors this season. Another level of concern for the Bob-

cats is the lack of focus and execution the players have had throughout the year in particular games. The women have lost four games by one goal in 2012. They played a game earlier this season against the United States Military Academy and allowed a late goal in the 79th minute off a cross into the box to let the Black Knights win, 2-1. Against Rice, the Bobcats came out in the second half on fire and tied the game 1-1, but let a goal go early in the second half and could not regain their momentum. Facing SFA, a Bobcat defender committed a foul in the box in the 83rd minute. This allowed SFA to capitalize on that mistake and win the game 1-0. Recently, against McNeese State, the Bobcats had plenty of chances, but let a minor miscue hurt their chances of winning. They let the only shot on goal by the Cowgirls go in midway through the first half and lost that contest 1-0. The loss that had to have hurt the most was when the girls went up to Fort Worth and allowed all three of Texas Christian’s goals off set pieces. Players cannot let those kinds of miscues and silly mistakes happen.

It’s not all sour grapes for the Bobcats, unlike the NFL replacement refs who wouldn’t know a touchdown from a grapefruit. They have had some good performances from both their goalies, junior Natalie Gardini and freshman Caitlyn Rinehart. Gardini has recorded two shutouts, Rinehart has one, and both have looked decent in goal at times. The defense has been the saving grace for this ball club. Yes, the Bobcats have lost four of their 11 games by one goal, but at least these games have gone to the wire and been very close. As they head into WAC play the Bobcats need to find confidence in the first half, the ability to score multiple goals, and be more competitive against better opposition. If they can do that, the Bobcats could have a decent chance to win the WAC title and an opportunity to play in the NCAA tournament. If the girls can’t find their confidence, a call to Oprah might be in order to get her good friend Dr. Phil on line two because it will be a long and stressful season. Twitter: @TX_State18


Texas State team sees player improvement, fan growth By Jordan Brewer Assistant Sports Editor Introducing a club sport to a university can cause growing pains almost instantly. The Texas State club hockey team felt those pains in its first season last year, but what emerged was the motivation to make everything about it better. The Bobcats have started the season with a pair of competitive, season-opening games against one of the top club hockey teams in Texas: the Aggies of College Station. The Texas State team still practices and plays its home games in Austin, but there has been continuous positive reinforcement for the second-year program. “I think we are better in almost every aspect of the game this year,” said Team Captain Casey Savage. “We have more talent, size, commitment and just an overall better-focused winning attitude. The hockey ‘systems’ we are learning are some of the same ones used by NHL teams today.” There is a new coach pacing the players’ box: Bob Smith, who brings a wealth of experience and knowledge to the Bobcat hockey team. In 2003, Smith earned his Master Coach Level 5 certification from USA Hockey. It is the highest certification possible. “(Smith’s) coaching style in practice mixed with the systems that (he) has introduced to the team have made a difference,” said club president TJ Wolling. “(Smith) has put a lot of time and effort into this team. (He) has com-

municated with the Austin and San Antonio rinks to get us good ice time.” Smith helped build and establish the University of Texas hockey program, which has become a successful organization in the state of Texas. He formed connections with the American Club Hockey Association by helping his former club. “We want our opponents to respect the Texas State program regardless of the outcome on the scoreboard because we play well and show respect to them, and the game itself in everything we do,” Smith said. “Our goal is to earn our peers’ and academic community’s identification for being a ‘class act’ worthy of admiration and support.” The team had struggles in its first season, but the Bobcats return with a majority of players from last season’s roster, which helps with chemistry. The team then added five new freshmen who all have experience before their time at Texas State. The team would like to add 5-10 more players to its roster. When starting a club from scratch, the participation in games can sometimes be the easy part. The club process as a whole can be eye opening, something that needs be learned and understood. The Bobcats were able to address weaknesses from last year and improve on them after using the first season to get their feet wet in club sports. “(Last season) we felt like we accomplished a lot just from the fact that we were a part of the first hockey team


‘Cats finish 12th in Colorado

By Sam Rubbelke Sports Reporter The Texas State men’s golf team finished in 12th place at the Mark Simpson Colorado Invitational in Erie, Colorado. Although the Bobcats struggled, there were moments they shined, highlighted by senior Luis Thiele’s consistent improvement throughout three rounds of play and a strong opening freshman campaign for Torbjorn Johansen. This built some confidence going into Ruston, Louisiana. “We fought hard, but it was not a good week for us,” said Coach Shane Howell, reflecting after the tournament. “The effort was there. We just need to clean up our play for next week.” The Bobcats played 36 holes on Monday and finished 11th after the first day of the Colorado Invitational. The field consisted of Air Force Academy, Gonzaga, Northern Colorado, Colorado, Houston Baptist University, Oregon State, Wyoming, Colorado State, Kansas, Denver, Missouri-Kansas City and Texas-Arlington. Junior Juan Diego Plasencia shot the low score for the Bobcats for a combined one over par after the first two rounds of play. Tuesday afternoon in the final round of the Mark Simpson invitational, Thiele shot three under par. Last season, Thiele marked a personal best of 68 at the Invitational. The round-three score of 69 was just

one shot short of tying it. The Bobcats finished the tournament with a 295 first round, 288 second round and 290 third round for a total score of 873, which placed them 12th in team competition. Oregon State overcame Colorado and Colorado State’s home course advantage by placing first in team competition with an 843 final score. Colorado, host of the Mark Simpson invitational, finished second at 19 under par and a total score of 845. Colorado State finished 17 under par with an 847 total. Kirby Pettitt of Colorado State was the individual leader for the Mark Simpson Invitational. Pettitt improved each round and finished 14 under par with a 202 total score. “Wedging, chipping and putting will be the point of emphasis in practice for the next three days,” Howell said. “We have a quick turnaround and have to get some confidence going into the Squire Creek Invitational.” The Bobcats had a 50-stroke improvement from their opening event at Ocean Course. Strong improvement will create confidence for the rest of the season as it unfolds. Texas State’s men’s golf team will head down to Louisiana on Monday, Oct. 1, to compete in the Squire Creek Invitational hosted by Louisiana Tech.

at Texas State,” Savage said. “This year, we are determined to win many games and be competitive with other teams throughout the state and country.” Even with all of the advancements, there is still some room for further fine-tuning on all fronts. There are prestigious and traditional hockey club powers hours away from Texas State (Texas A&M and Texas), so the Bobcats can start by stealing a few victories from their counterparts. “I know we have enough talent and determination to beat any of the Texas teams we play this year,” Savage said. Texas State fell to Texas 5-4, despite taking a 2-0 lead last weekend. Its next game is at the Northwoods Ice Center Sept. 29 in San Antonio against UTSA. The Bobcats are continuing to make their presence known not only in hockey circles but also on campus. The first game of this season featured more fans than any of the previous face-offs in their last, but the team feels the crowds still have room for growth. The officers created a Facebook group from which they will send out game invitations to members. “We’d like to get the students, faculty and supporters of Texas State behind us,” Wolling said. “Fans are everything to an up-and-coming sports team like us. Supporting our team is the perfect excuse to come get loud, get rowdy, bang on the glass and cheer us on.” The club will be competing the weekend of Oct. 5 in the ACHA Showcase in Washington, D.C. Twitter: @jbrewer32

Sports | The University Star | Wednesday September 26, 2012 | 7



Bobcats focus on tactics to prepare for upcoming Nevada game By Jordan Brewer Assistant Sports Editor The Bobcats start their fifth week of the regular season with a winning record (2-1) after beating Stephen F. Austin 41-37 for their sixth straight victory over the Lumberjacks. The players and coaches are preparing for their game with Nevada University this weekend the same way they would any week. However, the program coming to town has almost as much prestige as Texas Tech and possibly more than Houston. “This is a very good football team,” said Coach Dennis Franchione. “We are not dropping off any with the team we are playing. It’s just a different style. (Nevada has) a very good offensive line. They are physical. They have the leading rusher in the nation.” Quarterback Shaun Rutherford knows Nevada has a very good football team but he is not letting himself or his teammates indulge in any pre-game hype. The senior, coming off another solid game against SFA, wants to continue to execute the Bobcats’ brand of football. The offense got back to its efficient, ground-and-pound self against SFA, which was evident the first week of the season when the Cats ran over the Cougars, 280 yards total. Rutherford and the rest of his offensive teammates hope they can remain the same against the Wolf Pack. The run game has been effective and essential to the Bobcats’ success so far this season, even in their losing effort with Texas Tech. However, their rejuvenated air attack spot-

ted them 301 yards, a career high for Rutherford, in the win against SFA. Tight end Chase Harper (six foot, five inches) was utilized more than at any other point so far this season, grabbing two touchdowns. The Bobcats were seen using their big and athletic tight ends in practice on more than several occasions, even in a gadget run play. “It can be,” said Rutherford regarding the effectiveness of using the tight ends more. “We are just trying to get Chase [Harper] the ball more. He’s a big asset to our offense and we are just trying to get the ball to him as much as we can. Chase [Harper] is a big athlete.” While on the defensive side of things, they will not need to prepare for 50-60 passes with the Wolf Pack offense. The Bobcats are preparing to slow down the first bit of a rushing attack they have seen all season long. A quick tweak in the defensive game plan will be needed. “Practice for Nevada has been pretty intense,” said safety Xavier Daniels. “You have to stop the run to beat them. We have had to change the mindset, going from fast, no-huddle to a slower (pace) and a more downhill run type of football.” Nevada does not just run the football effectively. They are quite balanced and can show various formations. With all said, the defense will have to know its assignments and play soundly. The game will be a testament to how the front can match up against a bigger offensive line. After an increase in production and play from the secondary against SFA, they will now retreat back to a more traditional defensive setup. At times against their pass-heavy

Coach Karen Chisum

Texas State Volleyball Coach compiled 749 wins in her career. She is the sixth winningest active head coach in NCAA Division I volleyball. JC: What was your first introduction to the sport of volleyball? KC: This goes way back but when I was in high school, volleyball was a spring sport and so was tennis. I was a good tennis player. So, we couldn’t play both, but my sister played. I didn’t get to play volleyball in high school, and I came to Texas State and played tennis and softball. When I got out, my first job was here in San Marcos at Goodnight Middle School, and we had to coach everything. I got very interested in volleyball. My coaching experience is a lot different than a lot of the coaches out there, and it was through books, mentoring, all of those things—not as a player. Star File Photo

By Jordan Cole Sports Reporter Anybody who has been to a Texas State volleyball game the past few decades has seen a woman with genuine passion for the game and legitimate love for her players. Karen Chisum has held the reigns as coach at Texas State for 32 years and has

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Kathryn Parker, Staff Photographer

Adley Eshraghipour, senior offensive lineman, runs drills Sept. 24 at the Bobcat practice field.

warding part about coaching? KC: The kids. There is no doubt about it. The relationships you form with the student athletes. Every kid has touched my life in a certain way, and I’ve touched most of theirs. I just want to be a positive influence, help them grow, help them mature and help them become good productive citizens when they leave Texas State. It’s an all-encompassing program. A lot of programs make it just about volleyball, and that’s okay. They are going to make them the best volleyball players that they possibly can. I want to do that, but I also want them to know that education is number one. What they do outside of the classroom, outside of the court, the way you carry yourself, the way you represent your family and the way you represent Texas State University is huge.

ing part about being a coach? KC: Wins. The competition. I hate losing, and most coaches feel that way. Number one is the student athlete though. They come in here, and we sit and talk. If I can help them get through some of those adverse moments, it’s rewarding, and also to hear the good things that go on.

JC: What is your favorite/most reward-

Twitter: @TXStatesman

JC: Anything specific to the culture of San Marcos that is rewarding? KC: Small town. I love it. I still, as I’m recruiting, say that Texas State may have 35,000 students, but it still has that small campus atmosphere. Everything is right up on the hill. The faculty, for the most part, get to know you. I still say it’s a family atmosphere. I run a family program, and I really hope that we never stray away from that.


JC: When did you realize you wanted to coach? KC: I knew from day-one that I wanted to be a teacher. Originally, I thought I wanted to teach math and just coach, but after I took several math courses I realized that I didn’t want to be in a classroom all day. I wanted to be in the gym. I wanted to put shorts on, and I wanted to move. So, it came early. I’ve known forever. JC: What would you say is the most re-


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oppositions, Texas State would have to sometimes have one down-lineman and observers should expect the more “normal” defensive scheme this week. Practice intensity was about where it should be in their Tuesday practice. No major injuries were reported and they should be 100 percent for the Wolf Pack. Game time is set at an earlier time than previous games: kickoff at 1 p.m.

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ACROSS 1. Slant 6. Quaint outburst 10. Alert 14. Partridge 15. Connects two points 16. Chills and fever 17. Loosen, as laces 18. Black, in poetry 19. An indefinite period 20. Task 22. Lummox 23. 3 in Roman numerals 24. Doorkeeper 26. Zany 30. Fortuneteller’s card 32. Of a pelvic bone 33. Secretariat was one 37. Loyal (archaic) 38. Burrowing mammals 39. Breeze 40. Excited 42. Malodorous 43. Chasms 44. Pledge 45. Patter 47. 2,000 pounds 48. A soft sheepskin leather 49. Intemperate 56. As well 57. Person, place or thing 58. Part of a stair 59. A Maori club 60. If not 61. Assumed name 62. Historical periods 63. Marsh plant 64. Not the most

DOWN 1. Shade of blue 2. Religious sisters 3. Handguns 4. 53 in Roman numerals 5. Melancholy 6. Lacquer ingredient 7. Scoff at 8. Nameless 9. False teeth 10. An observation tower 11. Nimble 12. Gossip 13. Require 21. Bite 25. Comes after Mi and Fah 26. Gentle 27. Away from the wind 28. Found on rotary phones 29. Gloomy 30. Anklebone

31. Air force heroes 33. Top of a house 34. Liturgy 35. Hissy fit 36. Countercurrent 38. Hatmaker 41. Regret 42. Burial 44. Lay turf 45. Pertaining to the Sun 46. Noodles 47. In shape 48. Sexual assault 50. Infiltrator 51. Cogitate 52. Anger 53. Largest continent 54. Orange pekoe 55. At one time (archaic)

8 | Wednesday September 26, 2012 | The University Star | Advertisement

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09 26 2012