Page 1


NEWS

20 - The University Star

Thursday, April 29, 2004

Traffic rerouted from grease drainage By Kassia Micek Assistant News Editor Two individuals were involved in an accident Wednesday on Sessom Drive near North LBJ Drive. The accident was reported at 11:54 a.m. and traffic was diverted, causing delays for at least two hours. The vehicle involved was an Isuzu Trooper. The two occupants of the vehicle were not harmed, said San Marcos Police Department Sgt. Martin Manzi, who was not at the scene. “The grease trap overflowed from the (Rose Garden) and leaked onto the roadway,” Manzi said. The vehicle lost control when it drove across the grease. The grease overflowed because the sewer line the grease flows into, between the business and the road, was clogged, said San Marcos Fire Department Capt. Bill Schroeder.

The vehicle slid on the grease and lost control. It then slid against the curb and rolled over. When Rose Garden became aware of the accident, it closed even though it was during its lunch hour, said Ellena Chen, Rose Garden co-owner. The restaurant has another company, L & L Septic Tanks, clean the grease traps once a month. “We’re trying to do everything we can to minimize this,” Chen said. The fire department had four people on the scene to assist in the cleanup. “Everybody worked as quickly as possible to get the road open,” Schroeder said. Most Texas State trams were diverted to Commons Hall for their main drop-off and pick-up points. A second accident occurred on a side street after traffic was diverted. It was reported at 1:13 p.m.

Andrew Nenque/Star photos

ABOVE: Police officers divert traffic in front of the Rose Garden restaurant Wednesday following a grease overflow. FAR LEFT: Students exit trams that were backed up after an accident on Sessom Drive. Students were diverted to a drop-off point at Commons Hall. LEFT: An L&L Septic Systems employee helps clean grease traps.

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Critter Shop offers alternative to abandoning pets

PAGE TWO The University Star

Thursday, April 29, 2004

Deck Support airs from 8-10 p.m. on 89.9 FM, KTSW.

CITY

Monday Fellowship of Christian Athletes meets at 8 p.m. in the Bobcat Stadium Endzone Complex.

Calendar of

EVENTS

Catholic Student Center offers mass at 10 p.m. and late night breakfast at 11 p.m. at the Center.

Tuesday

Thursday

Career Services Office starts closing at 5 p.m. for summer hours.

Catholic Student Center serves lunch at 11 a.m. at the Center.

Campus Christian Community meets for free lunch and study at 12:30 p.m. at CCC.

Christians at Texas State meets at noon in LBJSC, Room 3-10.1.

Jesse Sublett reading and book signing is at 4 p.m. on the 7th floor of the Alkek Library.

Career Services hosts a walk-in critique for résumés at 3 p.m. at LBJSC, Room 5-7.1.

The 3rd Annual River Fest Spring Concert is free of charge from 5 p.m.-midnight at Sewell Park.

National Association of Environmental Professionals meets at 5 p.m. in Evans Liberal Arts Building, Room 311.

Victory Over Violence meets from 5:30-7:30 p.m. at the LBJ Student Center, Room 3-12.1.

Entrepreneur’s Organization meets at 5 p.m. in LBJSC, Room 3-5.1.

Sign Language Club meets at 7 p.m. in LBJSC, Room 3-10.1.

Hispanic Business Student Association meets at 5:30 p.m. in LBJSC, Room 3-5.1.

Texas State Cru meets at 7:30 p.m. at the Academic Services Building-South, Room 315.

Wednesday Christians at Texas State meets at noon in LBJSC, Room 3-10.1.

Rock meets at 7:30 p.m. at Catholic Student Center.

Volunteer Connection meets at 5:30 p.m. in LBJSC, Room 3-5.1.

Christians on Campus meets at 9:30 p.m. at the McCarty Center.

Higher Ground meets at 5:30 p.m. at St. Mark’s Church.

Friday Pack It Up and Pass It On recycling barrels will be placed in residence halls until the halls close.

Bobcat Supper is at 5:30 p.m. at the Christian Community Center.

Campus Association for Student Organizations’ annual registration for all student organizations ends at 5 p.m. in the CASO office.

Sunday Higher Ground meets at 7 p.m. at St. Mark’s Church.

Hours of Operation

Thursday 7:30 a.m. - midnight Friday 7:30 a.m. - 10 p.m. Saturday 9 a.m. - 6 p.m. Sunday 1 p.m. - 1 a.m.

Student Recreation Center Monday - Thursday 6 a.m. - midnight Friday 6 a.m. - 10 p.m. Saturday 10 a.m. - 5 p.m. Sunday noon - midnight

LBJ Student Center Monday - Friday 7 a.m. - 11 p.m. Saturday 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. Sunday 4 p.m. - 10 p.m. Golf Course Open daily 7 a.m. - dusk

ELECTION INFO

MAYOR (2-YEAR TERM)

San Marcos, Texas 78666 Occupation – Legislative Computer Consultant DOB: 4-12-74 Campaign Treasurer – Eddie Gonzales Date Filed: 3-12-04

Bob Habingreither 1202 Thorpe Lane #201 San Marcos, Texas 78666 Occupation – College Professor DOB: 10-06-46 Campaign Treasurer – Christine Winek Date Filed: 2-24-04 Susan Clifford-Narvaiz 1501 Parkview Lane San Marcos, Texas 78666 Occupation – President/CEO Sedona Staffing DOB: 5-17-58 Campaign Treasurer – Betty Banks Date Filed: 2-17-04

Gaylord John Bose 1926 Nevada San Marcos, Texas 78666 Occupation – Counselor Substance Abuse DOB: 1-21-40 Campaign Treasurer – Camille S. Phillips Date Filed: 2-18-04

COUNCIL MEMBER, PLACE THREE (UNEXPIRED TERM-EXPIRING 2005) Keven Brendan Roles 1410 Owens San Marcos, Texas 78666 Mailing: P. O. Box 202 San Marcos, Texas 78667 Occupation – Operations Director DOB: 10-14-71 Campaign Treasurer – Jason M. Mabbitt Date Filed: 3-3-04

COUNCIL MEMBER, PLACE ONE (3-YEAR TERM) Ed Mihalkanin 517 W. Hopkins San Marcos, Texas 78666 Occupation – Teacher DOB: 9-7-57 Campaign Treasurer – Al Sullivan Date Filed: 2-18-04

COUNCIL MEMBER, PLACE TWO (3-YEAR-TERM) Darrell Eugene Farr 1204 N. LBJ Drive, #213

Daniel Guerrero 1011 Wonder World Drive #506 San Marcos, Texas 78666 Occupation – Inroads National Recruiter DOB: 2-15-77 Campaign Treasurer – Richard Cruz Date Filed: 2-17-04

Early Voting locations open April 28-May 11 at various times and locations Election Day polling locations open 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. For Election Day information, call City Hall at 393-8000.

Calendar Submission Policy Calendar submisions are free. Send submissions Calendar of Events Manager Paul Lopez at TexasStateCalendar@yahoo.com or call 245-3476 for more information. Notices for weekly meetings need to be submitted once. The University Star reserves the right to refuse entries or edit for libel, style and space purposes. Deadline: Three working days prior to publication.

when leaving, because invasive aquatic plants and aquarium creatures are very harmful to native river creatures. PALS recommends that other pets, such as cats and dogs, be taken to the San Marcos Animal Shelter or contact PALS for help in finding a home or a local no-kill rescue group. PALS also gives free spay/neuter vouchers. Please choose the humane solution and take them to the animal shelter. — Courtesy of the San Marcos River Foundation

Candidates for City Council of the city of San Marcos, Texas general and special election – May 15, 2004

Crosstalk meets at 8 p.m. in the Alkek Teaching Theater.

NA Meeting is at noon. For more information, call 245-3601.

Albert B. Alkek Library Monday Wednesday 7:30 a.m. - 1 a.m.

The San Marcos River Foundation has arranged with the owners of the Critter Shop to take in all aquarium fish, plants and snails to encourage Texas State students to not abandon their pets before moving out. The Critter Shop, which is open from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Friday and 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday, is located next to Amkon Feed at 360 S. LBJ Drive. The foundation and Pet Prevent a Litter are asking that students not abandon a pet or dump an aquarium into the river

The main early polling place for early voting by personal appearance for the election is City Hall, 630 E. Hopkins St., and the temporary branch early polling places for early voting by personal appearance for the election is the School Administration Building, 501 S. LBJ Drive. Early voting by personal appearance will be conducted during normal working days (excluding holidays) in City Hall and the school Administration Building from April 28 through May 11. The hours for early voting will be from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. In addition, early voting by personal appearance will be conducted at City Hall from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. on May 8. A temporary branch early polling place for early voting by personal appearance for the city election is established at Texas State in the LBJ Student Center, 700 Student Center Drive, with voting to be conducted on May 5 and 6 from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Precinct Number and Polling Place: 111 – Dunbar Center, 801 Martin Luther King Drive 112 – Centro De Evangelicacion (Formerly Guadalupe Hall), Churchill Street and Roosevelt Street 113 – Hays County Election Administrator’s Office, 401-C Broadway St. 114 – San Marcos City Hall, 630 E. Hopkins St. 116/314 (combined) – Maria Hernandez Intermediate School, 333 Stagecoach Trail

120/121 (combined) – San Marcos Housing Authority Residents’ Services Office (Formerly C.M. Allen Homes Offices) 820 Sturgeon Drive (Corner of Sturgeon Drive and Bliss Lane) 330 – Lamar Central Office Annex, 500 W. Hutchison St. 332/334 (combined) – Old Fish Hatchery Building 201, N. C. M. Allen Parkway 336 – Crockett Elementary School, 1300 Girard Ave. 446/128 (combined) – Travis Elementary School, 1437 Post Road Information courtesy of the City of Marcos

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NEWS

Thursday, April 29, 2004

News Briefs

The University Star - 3

Senate discusses faculty increase Local growth calls for more positions By Julie Daffern News Reporter In fear of losing its Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business accreditation, the College of Business Administration is asking the university for 11 new faculty positions. Texas State is creating 17 new faculty positions for the fall semester to help revive the faculty-student ratio to what it was in Fall 2001. However, Sen. Steve Gordon, professor of education administration and psychological services, raised concerns during Wednesday’s President and Academic Affairs Group meeting on the issue of local growth with the addition of the Round Rock Higher Education Center. “I really don’t understand how an academic program could be expected to duplicate itself in Round Rock with no additional faculty,” Gordon said. Texas State President Trauth said she expects at least one new faculty member to be added to the Round Rock campus. “There is no question that the full-time faculty number is too small,” Trauth said.

supervisory position,” “There’s no debating Conroy said. that. All you have to Trauth also spoke about do is look at other the recent elimination of an schools’ numbers.” agenda item for the Texas After some debate, State University System the Senate approved a Board of Regent’s May consensual relations meeting, regarding a propolicy to be impleposal that would have invalmented on campus. idated Trauth’s decision to The policy would ask include sexual orientation that all faculty and staff in the university’s non-dison campus report concrimination policy. sensual relationships “I do not look at the with a subordinate to inclusion of sexual orientatheir immediate super— Steve Gordon tion into the non-discrimivisor. Faculty Senator and professor nation policy as a controSome senators quesof education administration and versial issue,” Trauth said. tioned whether this psychological services “It was the right thing to do. policy would have any real effect on campus If it is the right thing to do, or if people would willingly come forward then it is not a controversial issue.” with their relationships. Although the proposal put forth by one “This reminds me of a trend today of of the regents was withdrawn, Michael policing people in their bedrooms,” said Korn, chemistry professor, will speak to the Sen. Rebecca Bell-Metereau, English pro- board in opposition of including sexual orifessor. entation in Texas State’s non-discrimination The Senate ultimately approved the pol- policy. icy, adding a letter advocating education Korn, who asked for a faculty poll when through Human Resources, as suggested by the issue first came up in the Senate, said Sen. Michel Conroy, art and design profes- there was no open discussion with the facsor. ulty before the policy was approved. The “It doesn’t mean anything unless there is Senate voted against a faculty poll because training of everyone involved who is in a it would take too much time, Korn said.

“I really don’t understand how an academic program could be expected to |duplicate itself in Round Rock with no additional faculty.”

Plan would bring more trees to campus By Jennifer Warner Senior Reporter Walking through The Quad of the Texas State campus, it is hard to miss the abundance of trees and other flora stretching from Old Main to Derek Hall and beyond. The green space on campus is abundant, so when agriculture professor Tina Cade’s Agriculture Landscape and Design class set out to put together a tree walk as part of the 2006-2015 Campus Master Plan, it was simply building on something that already existed. Students in the class are designing a brochure that will guide campus visitors to historical trees and other trees of significance. The proposed plan will take them by trees planted in memory of students or faculty members that have died, as well as different species of trees to teach people

will still take place under a different budget. “With something like a tree map, we can help the community with a nice tool for them to use,” Cade said. “It would be the first step in helping to

about the natural plants in the area. Trees on campus have already been categorized and tagged as part of a tree inventory by the agriculture department, so Cade’s class is using

“With something like a tree map, we can help the community with a nice tool for them to use,” — Tina Cade Agriculture professor preserve our green spaces as well as recognize the great resources we have.” The tree walk is being done in part as an effort by the agriculture department to get the campus designated as an arboretum. If this takes place, the campus would become even more of a community resource, and it would make preservation of campus

this information to its advantage. Each tree has been marked with a small, silver tag containing a number. Campus trees have also been mapped out through geographic information system technology. It is not yet known if the project will be adopted as part of the Master Plan, but Cade said she is hopeful that it will. Even if it is not, the project

wildlife easier. “A lot of trees here are over 100 years old,” said Robert McManus, agricultural business and management senior. “We’re not saying ‘save the trees, save the trees,’ but if we don’t take care of them, the people that are students here after us aren’t going to have the same campus we do.” McManus said another important reason for this designation is for research purposes. He said plants from nurseries come with tags that indicate what climates they grow the best in. Such information comes from arboretums and other places where plants are allowed to grow in their natural habitat. The tree walk and arboretum also contribute to the green space around campus. Past studies indicate that students choose a school based on  See TREES, page 19

Special Olympics to come back to town By Nikki Dawson News Reporter

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and may be costing taxpayers hundreds of millions of dollars through reduced Medicare rebates,” the committee said in its letter to the companies. A copy of the letter, which is to be sent to the companies this morning, was made available Wednesday to the Los Angeles Times. If allegations by California Attorney General Bill Lockyer are any gauge, the national total of overcharges could be much higher. Lockyer alleged last week that just two companies — Abbott Laboratories and Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc. — had defrauded the state’s Medicaid program, Medi-Cal, of hundreds of millions of dollars in overpayments.

WASHINGTON — The Supreme Court gave a skeptical hearing Wednesday to the Bush administration’s claim that the president and his military commanders may hold American citizens indefinitely, and without a hearing, during the war on terrorism. The cases of two U.S. citizens, Yaser Esam Hamdi and Jose Padilla, who have been deemed “enemy combatants” and are being held at a military jail in South Carolina pose the starkest test yet of how the war on terrorism could rewrite America’s legal rules. Civil libertarians describe as truly unprecedented the administration’s claim that the president can order American citizens picked up on American soil to be locked away with no right now or in the future to even challenge their detention. But the administration’s lawyer said that a “ticking time bomb” in the form of a suspected terrorist need not be set free simply because the government does not yet have enough evidence to charge him with a crime.

House votes to end ‘marriage penalty’ permanently WASHINGTON — The House voted Wednesday to end the tax code’s “marriage penalty” permanently in the first of a series of GOP efforts to highlight popular elements of President Bush’s tax cuts before the November election. As part of Bush’s 2001 tax cut, Congress voted to end a quirk in the law that forced many married couples to pay more in taxes if they filed jointly than if they filed as individuals. But the tax relief was temporary, with the benefit decreasing next year and expiring at the end of the decade. Eliminating the marriage penalty is one of the few provisions of Bush’s tax cuts that his presumptive Democratic opponent, Sen. John F. Kerry of Massachusetts, has said he supports. The measure cleared the House on a 323-95 vote. But it is likely to face resistance in the Senate, where even some members of Bush’s own party have expressed concern about making permanent some tax cuts at a time of record budget deficits. Repealing the marriage penalty would cost the Treasury $105 billion during the next decade.

Senate to look into drug firms’ Medicaid role WASHINGTON — Signaling what could be a rare government crackdown on the prescription drug industry, a Senate committee will launch an investigation Thursday to determine whether drug manufacturers have overcharged the state-federal Medicaid program for outpatient prescription drugs. Sen. Charles E. Grassley, RIowa, chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, and the panel’s top Democrat, Sen. Max Baucus of Montana, wrote a letter to 19 of the nation’s largest 20 drug companies demanding that they submit, by May 7, substantial documentation on their Medicaid drug pricing policies. “These practices could undermine the purposes of (federal law)

Briefs are from wire reports.

There’s a place for you at ACC.

compete in one of six different sports and attend three special events that include opening ceremonies, the athlete village and the victory dance. The Texas Special Olympics also welcomes those who are interested in volunteering. Volunteers are needed to help with competitions, special events and support services. Volunteers can register online at www.sotx.org/volunteer. Upon registering, volunteers will be sent a confirmation e-mail that will outline shift times and guidelines for working with the athletes. Volunteers can pick the shifts they want to work,

Finding something to do the weekend of May 21-23 in San Marcos will be no feat for Texas State students. The city will be hosting the 2004 Texas Special Olympics Summer Games and the 12th Annual Texas Natural and Western Dance Festival simultaneously. The Special Olympics will take place at various locations around the Texas State campus starting at 8 a.m. May 21. More than 2,600 athletes will be competing in BIO191-867_5.75x5Logo.qxd 1/22/04 9:00 AM Page 1 events such as basketball, equestrian, gymnastics,  See OLYMPICS, page 19 soccer, tennis and track and field. The athletes will

Court hears cases of U.S. citizens held in terror war

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NEWS

4 - The University Star

Thursday, April 29. 2004

Campus celebrates mariachis Interior design Fiesta del Mariachi held this weekend

students get real world experience

By Jennifer Warner Senior Reporter

By Julie Suenram News Reporter

Texas State will celebrate diversity this weekend with the Fifth Annual Fiesta del Mariachi, featuring workshops and a concert of mariachi music. The festival begins at 8 a.m. Saturday and will last through the final concert at 7 p.m. Sunday in Strahan Coliseum. The event will include workshops and concerts by groups such as Mariachi Cobre from Orlando, Fla., Mariachi Nuevo Chapultepec from San Antonio and Mariachi de Texas State. John Lopez, coordinator of multicultural music, said he believes this event to be an important cultural event for the university. “It is one of the few things that brings diversity to campus,” Lopez said. “It’s helping us understand the Hispanic culture through the main artform of Mexico.” The day will conclude with a competition for middle school and high school Mariachi groups. The doors will open at 6 p.m. for Sunday’s concert, and tickets can be purchased at San Marcos H-E-B grocery stores or at the door. Tickets are $10 or $15, depending on the location of the seats. Last year, the festival was nominated for the Texas Higher Education Star Award as part of the statewide initiative known as “Closing the Gaps by 2015”

Don Anders/Media Relations photo Mariachi de Texas State will perform at the Fifth Annual Fiesta del Mariachi at Texas State. to attract more Hispanics to higher education. Even though they did not win the award, Lopez said he is pleased it was nominated. “That’s a big honor,” he said. “We’re one of the few uni-

that the event, program or activity must have shown at least two years of success. Fiesta del Mariachi only has one year of proven success under the Star Award guidelines.

“It is one of the few things that brings diversity to campus. It’s helping us understand the Hispanic culture through the main artform of Mexico.” — Joe Lopez Multicultural music coordinator versities that have Mariachi festivals and we’re becoming one of the bigger ones.” Lopez said he believes the reason they did not win is because one of the criteria is

The awards are given out each year and Lopez said he is hopeful that they will be nominated again after this weekend’s festival. He said he believes they may win if nomi-

nated again. There are instruments that are distinct to Mariachi music including trumpets, violins and several stringed instruments of different sizes. Julian Arizola, music education junior, plays the bihuela (sometimes spelled vihuela) for Mariachi de Texas State. He described the bihuela as being similar to a guitar with only five strings. Arizola said the chance to participate in this festival is something he will always remember. “It creates diversity, and the more diversity you get, the more culture there will be,” Arizola said. “This is an experience that I’ll never forget, and I’ll take it with me as a learning experience and an experience for my students when I teach.”

www.UniversityStar.com

house. All of the furnishings displayed are for sale and can be Six interior design students purchased by visitors to the recently received the opportu- house. The house will be on nity for hands on experience, display from Saturdayto May designing 16, with spethe Lakcial events eside Bistro varying from for the Wopresentam e n ’ s tions from Symphony artists such League as Susan S h o w Borgialli, to House in an evening Austin. of wining The stuand dining dents were presented by chosen by Grape Vine the interior Market. design fac“Not evulty to parery interior ticipate in designer gets the project this experibased on e n c e their ability, — Nicole Binau throughout academic Interior design senior their whole skills and career, much their leaderless an inteship qualities. The design rior design student,” said team’s responsibility was the Nicole Binau, Interior design bistro, which would house the senior. “Not only do I get this lunches provided by Central experience, but I also get to Market and decorating classes. meet some really great people, An outside tent, the team some people that will help designed it to follow the theme with the beginning of my netof the house, titled “Rustic working.” Elegance.” The team has been working “I think the bistro will pull on the design since Fall 2003 together nicely,” said Anne with a fixed budget of $500 for Speir, interior design senior. their materials. However, the “It will be a classy and com- team raised $100 through a fortable place to dine.” bake sale, allowing them to The show house, which increase their budget and have cost about $3 million to build, enough for emergency use. “Having a fixed budget was is a 7,500-square-foot Spanish Hacienda located at Caslano definitely hard, especially on Lake Austin. Thirteen top when it is so little,” Binau designers throughout the Hill said. “We learned to ask for Country were asked to design various spaces within the  See DESIGN, page 19

“Having a fixed budget was definitely hard, especially when it is so little. We learned to ask for help and not be scared of rejection, also to realize we can’t have everything we may want.”

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If interested, please call the Mentoring Program at 512.245.8218 or email ia10@txstate.edu More info is available at the Office of the Dean of Students website at www.dos.txstate.edu Mentors are required to have been at Texas State for a minimum of two long semesters. Student mentors must have a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.5 to participate. Benefits include student success, a greater university & free lunches!


NEWS

Thursday, April 29, 2004

Official Texas State Library to offer 24-hour class ring begins accessibility during finals another tradition Texas State graduates will soon have the opportunity to show off their school pride with an official class ring that will reflect the university’s recent name change. In September, the Associated Student Government began the effort to create an official class ring by passing a resolution in support of its implementation. The ring currently does not have a final design but will be ready at the latest for Fall 2004, available only at the University Bookstore. “Our new name gives us a chance to begin traditions that will live on throughout the future of our university, and a single class ring will represent our university and distinguish who our alumni are in the workplace as well as in the general public,” states the resolution. “We hope this official ring will be another tradition at Texas State and something students take pride in that will symbolize academic achievement,” said ASG President Ernie Dominguez. The ring will be available in the standard 10-, 14- and 18karat varieties, which can only be purchased by students who have completed 75 hours, said John Root, director of Auxiliary Services. The inability to check a given student’s hours is one of the reasons the ring will not be sold off campus at places such as Colloquium Bookstores. “At other schools, only the Alumni Association sells the official ring, so we aren’t doing anything different,”

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Dominguez said. Balfour, the chosen maker of the new ring, currently sells its rings at Colloquium Bookstores, creating a problem for the store. Upon the finalization of the official ring, the store has been instructed by the company not to sell any more rings and must send back any materials still in storage, according to Terry Vaught, assistant store manager at the chain’s University Drive location. “Once the new ring is finalized, we will no longer be able to take orders,” Vaught said. “This eliminates any choices students may have had.” Dominguez said he did not see this as a problem. He said most schools that have official class rings offer it only in gold, just as Texas State is planning to do. At Colloquium Bookstores, a ring runs from about $450 to $700, depending on the level of customization. “It’s stupid,” said James Espinoza, communication design junior. “Why should the bookstore be class ring central? It’s what Chartwell’s is to campus food.” However, Dominguez said the cost will be significantly lower than the current sales because it will only be available in one design and color. Rings could be available in time for summer graduation, but if they are not, such a student or alumnus can still purchase them. Students who have purchased a ring from the University Bookstore within the last year can trade it in for the official ring, Root said. He said no orders will be taken until the ring actually exists.

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Standing seven stories tall and filled from top to bottom with resources, the Alkek Library provides students with a haven to study during finals week. In recognition of the extra hours that students will need to prepare for finals, the library has extended its hours to accommodate student needs. Beginning May 3, the library will be open 24 hours for students; however, all staff will be gone by 1 a.m. “We’re mostly here to answer reference questions and to help with their research, whatever their assignment might be,” said librarian Arlene Salazar. “The library is really just a place for students to study during finals.” Finals week in particular requires a great deal more concentration and at times extra help. The Student Learning Assistance Center offers students that extra help. Located on the 4th floor of the library, SLAC offers students assistance in subject areas such as mathematics, English, accounting, science and languages. “There is usually a pretty steady flow of students who come to the SLAC lab,” said Whitney Perkins, communication studies freshman and lab assistant. “There is no limit as to how many students can come.” SLAC also offers online assistance in mathematics, a writing lab and a grammar, spelling and punctuation e-mail

hotline. The mathematics link provides students with handouts for Basic Math, College Algebra, Business Calculus and Calculus. These handouts break down math problems in each subject area. Students can also check out their math professor’s Web site for any information and e-mail their math problems to SLAC.

James Mendoza /Star Illustration

The English online Writing lab provides students with detailed descriptions on grammar, spelling and punctuation as well as information on writing for the job search. Students can also send their essays to the SLAC lab for comments. Students can reach these links through the SLAC Web site at www.txstate.edu/slac/online_assistance.html. “I definitely suggest coming to SLAC,” Perkins said. “I use it myself and it really benefits stu-

dents because by coming here, you have a better chance of getting the grade you need because you get the help you need.” The Reserve Desk, also located on the 4th floor, provides a variety of materials that professors have put on hold. Students can look at their professor’s old finals, notes from previous semesters, special videos, textbooks, ESL tapes and CDs. A log is provided for students to look up their professors’ materials. Students can check out items or make copies for 10 cents a copy on the 4th floor or 5 cents at the copy center. Students can also look up the specific documents electronically going to the reserve link on the library Web site. “Around finals we are pretty busy, but we keep the same hours as the library,” said Kortnie Jaramillo, geography junior and student worker. “It really makes it a lot easier, especially for those first tests because you get a chance to look at their tests and see their format of testing.” Aside from a plethora of resources just within reach, the library also offers students one last key aspect important to finals week: a place to study. In addition to study carrels and numerous tables for students to use, it also offers a photography gallery and view of campus for the occasional study break.

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Ever thought about a career in law enforcement? Are you interested in working as a special agent for the FBI, U.S. Marshall’s Office or Secret Service? Do you see yourself as a prosecutor or a criminal court judge? The Criminal Justice Department at Texas State prepares students for careers in policing, juvenile justice, and the legal profession. We offer both undergraduate and graduate courses that explain the criminal justice system and the challenges it faces in modern times. We invite students to study with faculty who have published more than 20 books on contemporary criminal justice topics. Students majoring in criminal justice can take courses in forensic science, criminal investigations, crime theory and victimization, and terrorism.

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By Christopher Boehm News Reporter

By Julie Suenram News Reporter

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6 - The University Star

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Thursday, April 29, 2004

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NEWS

Thursday, April 29, 2004

The University Star - 7

2004 Finals Schedule 2004 MWF, MTWThF Classes 8:00am 9:00am 10:00am 11:00am 12:00pm 1:00pm 2:00pm 3:00pm MW, MTWTh Classes 8:00am 9:00am, 10:00am 11:00am, 12:00pm 1:00pm 2:00pm 3:00pm, 3:30pm, 4:00pm, 4:30pm 5:00pm, 5:30pm, 6:00pm 6:30pm, 7:00pm 7:30pm, 8:00pm TTH Classes 8:00am, 9:00am 9:30am 11:00am 12:30pm, 1:00pm 2:00pm 3:30pm, 4:00pm, 4:30pm 5:00pm, 5:30pm, 6:00pm, 6:30pm, 7:00pm, 7:30pm, 8:00pm M Only Classes 8:00am, 9:00am, 10:00am 11:00am, 12:00pm, 1:00pm 2:00pm, 3:00pm, 3:30pm, 4:00pm, 4:30pm

Wednesday, May 5 Monday, May 10 Friday, May 7 Friday, May 7 Wednesday, May 5 Monday, May 10 Wednesday, May 5 Friday, May 7

8:00am - 10:30am 8:00am - 10:30am 8:00am - 10:30am 11:30am - 2:00pm 11:30am - 2:00pm 11:30am - 2:00pm 3:00pm - 5:30pm 3:00pm - 5:30pm

5:00pm, 5:30pm, 6:00pm, 6:30pm, 7:00pm, 7:30pm, 8:00pm T Only Classes 8:00am, 9:00am, 10:00am 11:00am, 12:00pm, 1:00pm 2:00pm, 3:00pm, 3:30pm, 4:00pm, 4:30pm 5:00pm, 5:30pm, 6:00pm, 6:30pm, 7:00pm, 7:30pm, 8:00pm

Wednesday, May 5 Monday, May 10 Wednesday, May 5 Monday, May 10 Wednesday, May 5 Monday, May 10

8:00am - 10:30am 8:00am - 10:30am 11:30am - 2:00pm 11:30am - 2:00pm 3:00pm - 5:30pm 3:00pm - 5:30pm

Wednesday, May 5 Monday, May 10 Wednesday, May 5

6:30pm - 9:00pm 6:30pm - 9:00pm 6:30pm - 9:00pm

W Only, WF Classes 8:00am, 9:00am, 10:00am 11:00am, 12:00pm, 1:00pm 2:00pm, 3:00pm, 3:30pm, 4:00pm, 4:30pm 5:00pm, 5:30pm, 6:00pm, 6:30pm, 7:00pm, 7:30pm, 8:00pm

8:00am - 10:30am 8:00am - 10:30am 11:30am - 2:00pm 11:30am - 2:00pm 3:00pm - 5:30pm 3:00pm - 5:30pm 6:30pm - 9:00pm

Th Only Classes 8:00am, 9:00am, 10:00am 11:00am, 12:00pm, 1:00pm 2:00pm, 3:00pm, 3:30pm, 4:00pm, 4:30pm 5:00pm, 5:30pm, 6:00pm, 6:30pm, 7:00pm, 7:30pm, 8:00pm

Tuesday, May 11 Thursday, May 6 Thursday, May 6 Tuesday, May 11 Tuesday, May 11 Thursday, May 6 Thursday, May 6

Monday, May 10 Monday, May 10 Monday, May 10

NOW

8:00am - 10:30am 11:30am - 2:00pm 3:00pm - 5:30pm

F Only Classes 8:00am, 9:00am, 10:00am 11:00am, 12:00pm, 1:00pm 2:00pm, 3:00pm, 3:30pm, 4:00pm, 4:30pm 5:00pm, 5:30pm, 6:00pm, 6:30pm, 7:00pm, 7:30pm, 8:00pm

Monday, May 10

6:30pm - 9:00pm

Tuesday, May 11 Tuesday, May 11 Tuesday, May 11

8:00am - 10:30am 11:30am - 2:00pm 3:00pm - 5:30pm

Tuesday, May 4

6:30pm - 9:00pm

Wednesday, May 5 Wednesday, May 5 Wednesday, May 5

8:00am - 10:30am 11:30am - 2:00pm 3:00pm - 5:30pm

Wednesday, May 5

6:30pm - 9:00pm

Thursday, May 6 Thursday, May 6 Thursday, May 6

8:00am - 10:30am 11:30am - 2:00pm 3:00pm - 5:30pm

Thursday, May 6

6:30pm - 9:00pm

Friday, May 7 Friday, May 7

8:00am - 10:30am 11:30am - 2:00pm

Friday, May 7 Friday, May 7

3:00pm - 5:30pm 6:30pm - 9:00pm

New TheTexas State Student Health Center will open Friday, July 2nd (at the corner of Sessom and Tomas Rivera)

Inorder to make the move...

The Student Health Center and Pharmacy will be closed from June 24th to July 1st.

t GeMORE

AttentionStudents

Please refill your prescriptions before June 24th to make sure you have enough medication to last until July 2nd.

more cutting edge technology more patient parking more appointments available more quality healthcare

While the clinic is closed call 245-2167, twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, to speak to a nurse about your medical concerns. Anyone who experiences a medical emergency should call 911. Questions? Please call 245-2161 Texas State Student Health Center


NATION/WORLD

8 - The University Star

Thursday, April 29, 2004

Rally warns of potential political impact

By Steven Thomma Knight Ridder Newspapers

WASHINGTON — Though the pictures of Sunday’s abortion-rights march in Washington focused on the size of the crowd, the truer story of its political impact could be measured by the age of the demonstrators. More college-age women showed up than usually attend abortion-rights rallies, which tend to be dominated by older women. If that translates to increased voting in November by young women — a group that usually doesn’t vote in high numbers — it could help Democrats in a close election. If not, the march probably had no lasting political significance, for it reflected a longstanding partisan divide over issues related to abortion rights and is unlikely to change the political equation or affect the outcome of the election. The march attracted hundreds of thousands of women to the National Mall in downtown Washington, where they rallied for abortion rights and protested against President Bush. A key complaint was Bush’s signature on two new laws: the Unborn Victims of Violence Act, which grants a fetus legal rights, and the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, which criminalizes a medical procedure sometimes used to terminate late-term pregnancies. In the short term, the march could serve as a caution to Congress, said one senior Republican senator, who spoke on condition that he not be identified lest he draw criticism from his peers: “That was a very impressive showing by any fair standard. I think it will BW_BA_leader_11.5x10.5 discourage any more votes this year on abortion.” But Sen. Barbara Boxer, DCalif., who attended the event,

Nikki Kahn/KRT Thousands gather on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., Sunday, during the “March for Women’s Lives,” a pro-choice rally. said the march’s impact on voter turnout was what mattered: “I don’t know if the march changes anything (in Washington). It was really aimed at the whole country and what they do at the ballot box.” The key question is whether the large turnout signals a more widely held passion for abortion rights that will change U.S. politics and have an impact on the election. Aides to Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry distributed voter-registration forms at the march,4:37 and tables were 1set 3/29/04 PM Page up along the Mall for people to sign up. “I can vote now,” an excited Anne Vetter, 20, of

Charlottesville, Va., said after she registered. “Roe, Roe, Roe your vote,” said Lindsay Morris, 22, a college student from Haddonfield, N.J., in a reference to the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision by the U.S. Supreme Court that legalized abortion. Vetter and Morris could signal a boost for the Democrats if they represent a larger trend of voters who otherwise would avoid the polls. That would be a shift on an issue that never has been pivotal in presidential politics, and would herald a deeper level of involvement by an age group that traditionally tunes out politics. Despite media hype about

marches in Washington both for and against abortion rights, the issue consistently ranks low on the list of priorities cited by most voters. In a February Gallup poll, for example, abortion ranked 13th, below such issues as education, the economy, the war in Iraq, health care and immigration. “The public is no more concerned today about the abortion issue than it was in the last two presidential elections,” Gallup analyst Lydia Saad concluded in an article written last week. Moreover, a slight majority of those who’ve been motivated to vote on the single issue of abortion in the past opposed it; single-issue abortion v o t e r s favored Bush by a small margin over Democrat Al Gore in 2000. The most intriguing aspect of S u n d a y ’s march that could signal a noteworthy change was the turnout of women in their late teens and 20s. Americans aged 18 to 29 vote less than any other age group, according to polling-place exit surveys. But young women favor abortion rights by 54 to 39 percent, according to Gallup — the biggest margin of any age group — and they could vote Democratic, if persuaded to vote at all. There were a ton of young women,” said Celinda Lake, a Democratic pollster. “It speaks to the ability to mobilize young people. That could change the margin in battleground states,” where the presidential race is

expected to be close. Stephanie Cutter, a spokeswoman for Kerry, said abortion rights was a winning issue for Kerry in such swing states as Arizona, Colorado, Florida and Nevada, as well as in California and New York, where the Massachusetts senator is airing ads appealing for contributions on the basis of his stance supporting abortion rights. Republicans refuse to concede women’s votes to Democrats, however, saying many women support the president’s opposition to abortion and that more women will vote for him for reasons that have nothing to do with abortion. “The record on banning partial-birth abortion and (protecting) unborn victims is going to be popular and resonate with people,” said Terry Holt, a spokesman for Bush’s campaign, who said the president’s stance reflected mainstream views. A majority of Americans support at least some restrictions on abortion. A Gallup poll last October showed that 17 percent thought abortion should be illegal in all circumstances, and 40 percent thought it should be legal in only a few circumstances. Moreover, Holt said, Bush hopes that women will endorse his record on the economy, education, health care and national security, as well as for appointing women such as National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice to his senior staff.

More collegeage women showed up than usually attend abortion-rights rallies, which tend to be dominated by older women.

Video-game skills may give edge in life By Daniel Rubin Knight Ridder Newspapers PHILADELPHIA — It was 6 in the morning when Karen Kosoy discovered her kindergartener still glued to the Nintendo game — he’d stayed up all night trying to rescue a legendary princess named Zelda. “My God, he’s addicted,” she remembers thinking. Jamie Kosoy has his own memory: His mother pulled the plug and threw the video game player in the trash. “The most traumatic moment of my life,” he said. By middle school, while friends were playing street hockey outside, Kosoy was rushing indoors to chart their stats on his computer. By high school, he’d bought a brand-new Nissan Sentra from ads he sold on a fantasy wrestling league he administered online. Now, as Kosoy, 22, finishes his senior year in multimedia design at the University of the Arts in Philadelphia, his mother says all that screen time may not have been for naught. “It turns out,” she says, “he was teaching himself.” For him, and others in his generation, it can be said: Everything they know, they learned from video games. And that might not be so bad. While much parental sleep has been lost over whether video games are a colossal waste, a growing body of work looks at games as serious, educational — even the key to success in an information age. Researchers are finding players can make sharper soldiers, drivers and surgeons. Their reaction time is better, their peripheral vision more acute. They are taking risks, finding themselves at ease in a demanding environment that requires paying attention on several levels at once. While there are countless examples of children vegetating in front of the box, real learning is going on, as well. Children who go online to play the  See GAMING, page 17

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NATION/WORLD

Thursday, April 29, 2004

Four marines get their baptism under fire in Iraq By Tony Perry Los Angeles Times FALLUJAH, Iraq — On Monday, Echo Company battled insurgents for two hours. One Marine was killed, 15 wounded and many others were injured in the latest and bloodiest of numerous skirmishes. Then four Marines — from battle-hardened Echo Company of the 2nd battalion, 1st regiment of the 1st Marine Division — asked a Protestant chaplain to arrange a battlefield baptism. “I’ve been talking to God a lot during the last two firefights,” said Lance Cpl. Chris Hankins, 19, of Kansas City, Mo. “I decided to start my life over and make it better.” To give the occasion even greater significance, the Marines chose to have Wednesday’s baptism in the courtyard of the bullet-ridden school that they used in their fight with insurgents. Two Marines died and several were injured in the same courtyard when a mortar round landed amid their group on April 12. A small memorial has been erected in the courtyard to the two: Lance Cpl. Robert Zurheide, 20, of Tucson, Ariz., and Lance Cpl. Brad Shuder, 21, of El Dorado, Calif. After Monday’s battle, a memorial was placed in the courtyard for the Marine killed in that latest fight: Lance Cpl. Aaron Cole Austin, 21, of Amarillo, Texas. Battlefield baptisms are not unusual among frontline troops,

said Navy Lt. Scott Radetski, the battalion’s Protestant chaplain. So many baptism requests are made by military personnel during deployments that the military even has a two-page sheet on how to create a battlefield baptism font: Field Immersion Baptismal Liner Instructions. Radetski said he did one ceremony in Kuwait when Marines were waiting to move into Iraq. Three Marines at another encampment in Fallujah also have requested baptism. “When chaos shows its head,” Radetski said, “we need an anchor for our faith. You

which insurgents hurled grenades and fired rockets and machineguns at the Marines, left many of the young men of Echo Company shaken and emotionally drained. Protestant and Catholic church services held in the Marine encampment hours after the battle were heavily attended. On Wednesday, little of the initial pain was evident. The four Marines — Hankins; Jones; Lance Cpl. Kenneth Hayes, 22, of Redding, Calif.; and Lance Cpl. Michael Fuller, 20, of Spring, Texas — stripped to their skivvies and removed their combat boots b e f o r e b e i n g dunked individually by Radetski. — Chris Hankins T w o Lance Corporal in the U.S. Marines d o z e n Marines need that rock that God promis- stood quietly. Radetski, honores to be. I consider it an honor ing the four Marines’ request, to fulfill their request.” said the baptism was also being For Wednesday’s ceremony, performed to show respect for Radetski had cardboard boxes the fallen and wounded containing Meals Ready to Eat Marines. arranged to simulate a smallish The school, once used by bathtub. A large piece of plastic elementary school children, was placed inside, and water shows the ravages of three from 14 five-gallon Marine weeks of fighting. Corps water cans was poured. Insurgents are holed up in Sgt. Andrew Jones, 25, of deserted houses just a few hunSullivan, Ind., said he had been dred yards away, their weapons considering becoming baptized aimed at the school, hoping to before he left for Iraq. His com- kill Marines with a well-timed bat experiences convinced him shot. that the time was right. Still, the four Marines “With everything that has thought the courtyard was the happened here, all the good ideal spot to make a public profriends I’ve lost, I thought it fession of their religious belief. was a good place to be reborn,” “What better place to do this said Jones. than here, in the middle of The fight on Monday, in hell,” said Fuller.

“I’ve been talking to God a lot during the last two firefights. I decided to start my life over and make it better.”

The University Star - 9

New redesign to make $50 more secure, Treasury says By Bill Teeter Knight Ridder Newspapers FORT WORTH — America’s money will be more secure in October, Treasury Secretary John Snow said Monday in a Fort Worth ceremony. That’s about when a new $50 bill will start turning up in wallets and cashiers’ drawers, complete with features to make them harder to counterfeit and more colorful. “You want to defeat counterfeiters at every turn,” Snow said at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing’s Western Currency Facility. “One way you defeat them at every turn is to put new currency designs out there.” Snow said introduction of the redesigned $50 is part of a continuing cat-and-mouse game between counterfeiters and the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. New digital technologies make it easier to make more convincing copies of bills, so the new bills have security features. The security features are a watermark image

similar to Ulysses Grant’s portrait, which is visible from both sides when held up to the light. Another is a “security thread” visible from both sides when held up to the light. Also, the number in the lower right-hand corner changes from copper to green when tilted. The bureau has embarked on a plan to change the design periodically to make counterfeiting tougher, Snow said. By taking steps to protect currency, the United States enhances its value domestically and worldwide, he said. Some $700 billion in U.S. currency is used by people overseas as their currency of choice because it is the most dependable, he said. “One reason it is the leading currency of the world is because it is backed by the United States government,” Snow said. “The United States government is backed by the people, and the people are resilient.” Snow said that resiliency is shown in the U.S.  See TREASURY, page 17

Experts: A good internship program is a chance to test-drive potential hires By Erika D. Smith Knight Ridder Newspapers Employers who believe interns are only good for making photocopies and trips to Starbucks are sorely mistaken. And that misconception is costing them. Costing them future employees, fresh perspectives, short-term help ... the potential benefits are endless, said Ami Hollis, recruiting coordinator for Kent State University’s Career Services Center. “They get to evaluate a potential new hire that they didn’t have to advertise for,” she said. According to the National Association of Colleges and

“They get to evaluate a potential new hire that they didn’t have to advertise for,” — Ami Hollis Recruiting coordinator for Kent State University’s Career Services Center Employers, companies converted more than 38 percent of their student interns into fulltime employees during the 2002-2003 academic year. And for the third straight year, employers rated their internship programs as the

most effective recruiting method for hiring new graduates, according to NACE’s 2004 Job Outlook survey. “Experiential education assignments are outstanding ways for students and employers to try each other out,” NACE’s executive director, Marilyn Mackes, said in a statement. The benefits for college students are clear. They can acquire practical work experience, on-the-job training and assurance that the field they chose is right for them. “They’re benefiting all the way around,” Hollis said. But all of that depends on the quality of a company’s  See INTERNSHIP, page 17

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NEWS

10 - The University Star

Employee misuse of credit cards cited By Christopher Lee The Washington Post WASHINGTON — Federal employees wielding government credit cards have improperly charged diamond rings, karaoke machines, a mounted deer head, cars, laptop computers, access to Internet porn and gambling and other goods and services, agency investigators said Wednesday. Despite increased attention to the problem, agencies across the government remain vulnerable to millions of dollars in fraudulent and improper purchases because of weak oversight of card programs and little followthrough to punish violators, according to the General Accounting Office, the investigative arm of Congress. “The lack of consequences for misuse of government money does not create an effective control environment,” Gregory Kutz, GAO director of financial management, said Wednesday at a hearing before the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee. Agencies could save more than $300 million a year by cracking down on such transactions and by using the government’s buying power to negotiate discounts from major vendors on legitimate purchases, said Kutz, co-author of a GAO report released Wednesday. Neal Fox, an assistant commissioner at the General Services Administration, which manages the government-wide purchase card program, agreed more could be done. But he defended the program as the source of substantial savings over the past 15 years. “Purchase card usage has reduced process costs, increased efficiency, and reduced the time it takes to obtain goods and services,” said Fox, who testified

before the Senate panel Wednesday. The program began in 1989 with the goal of trimming transactions costs. Fox said the cards saved $1.4 billion in fiscal 2003 alone. The number of active cards peaked at more than 670,000 in fiscal 2000, but the figure has since dropped to about 315,000, Fox said. Spending with the cards grew from $1 billion in fiscal 1994 to $16.4 billion last year. Most employees are honest and use the cards appropriately, GAO’s Kutz said. But too often agency managers lack the data to properly oversee purchases, or simply “rubber-stamp” their approval, he said. Sometimes the fraud reaches the managerial level. The Defense Department inspector general found that a graphics manager used her government card to make $1.7 million in fake purchases from a bogus company created by her brother. Both were sentenced to prison and made to pay restitution. Often, though, strict disciplinary actions are lacking, Kutz said. He said Defense officials disciplined only 20 of 120 cardholders cited by GAO as making improper or questionable transactions in a limited audit of such purchases. The department revoked eight employees’ cards, reprimanded three other employees, required seven to return items to the government and reprimanded two others while requiring them to return goods. Defense officials said Wednesday that they were employing new “data-mining” tools to identify problem purchases. Auditors might scrutinize vendors used by only a few cardholders, say, or look for repeated purchases near the individual’s transaction limit.

Thursday, April 29, 2004

GETTIN WILDER BY THE MINUTE

Tiffany Searcy/Star photo Kappa Alpha Psi members gave students a chance to show their support for our troops on The Quad Tuesday by filling a banner with personal messages.

Bush follows Kerry through swing states By Edwin Chen Los Angeles Times WASHINGTON — Shadowing his political rival, President Bush will forsake Air Force One next week and campaign by bus in Michigan and Ohio, two key battleground states. News outlets in Iowa and Wisconsin reported that Bush’s bus tour would stop later next week in those states, but the White House refused to confirm the reports. Rolling through the countryside by bus has become a quadrennial electioneering staple since Democrat Bill Clinton and his running mate, Al Gore, popularized the grass-roots style of campaigning in 1992.

Just this week, Kerry, the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, traveled through Michigan and Ohio on a “Jobs First” bus tour. Bush’s trip next week is part of a nowfamiliar pattern in which the president follows Kerry’s footsteps through swing states. Earlier this year, Bush campaigned in Iowa, New Hampshire, Missouri and California within days after Democratic primaries and caucuses had taken place, an effort to revitalize his image after a battering from Democrats. As a presidential candidate in 2000, Bush also campaigned occasionally by bus. Next week’s bus tour, though, would be his first as president. It is no mystery why he would travel by

bus, said independent political analyst Stuart Rothenberg. For one thing, Rothenberg said, it would serve to counter the image of an imperial presidency. “There’s always the impression of presidents in the White House, separate from average folks,” Rothenberg said. “A bus tour is a way to touch a lot of states and a lot of towns — and send the message that you’re aware and you are there and seeing real people in real time. It’s an important subtext.” As the Clinton-Gore bus trips demonstrated 12 years ago, bus tours can generate considerable local excitement, as well as  See BUSH, page 16


NEWS

Thursday, April 29. 2004

The University Star - 11

EPA tests chemicals from microwave popcorn Bush, Cheney By Sara Shipley St. Louis Post-Dispatch ST. LOUIS — The Environmental Protection Agency is testing microwave popcorn to find out what chemicals are released when a bag of popcorn is popped or opened. Vapors from a butter flavoring used in microwave popcorn have been linked to severe lung damage in dozens of people who work in microwave popcorn plants around the country, including in Missouri and Illinois. Federal officials have said there is no evidence that consumers face a health risk from microwave popcorn. Until now, no one has directly studied the issue. Environmental scientist Jacky Rosati, one of EPA’s principal investigators, said she decided to pursue the study after hearing a presentation on the sick popcorn workers at a medical conference in 2002. “I thought this could fit in very well with what our lab does, which is indoor air,” said Rosati, who works in the EPA’s Indoor Environment Management Branch at Research Triangle Park, N.C. “We were very interested in the aspect of what is coming off of the microwave popcorn when you pop it.” The EPA study, which is expected to be finished this fall, focuses on the type and amount of chemicals emitted from popping microwave popcorn and opening the bag. Other studies would be needed to determine any health effects of those chemicals and whether consumers are at risk. The Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association, a trade group based in Washington, D.C., said that flavors do not pose a risk to consumers. “We are confident that flavored microwave popcorn is safe for all of us to enjoy, and FEMA looks forward to working cooperatively with the EPA,” Glenn Roberts, executive director of the flavor association, said in a statement. The EPA study comes as 30 for-

mer workers at a microwave popcorn plant in Jasper, Mo., took their claims to court in a lawsuit that began last week. The study involves only microwave popcorn, one of the nation’s most popular snack foods. It does not include other types of popcorn, such as that sold in movie theaters and sporting events, or popped at home on top of the stove. Rosati and her co-investigator, Ken Krebs, have bought about 50 types of microwave popcorn of differ-

and diacetyl to be safe for consumer use. George Pauli, acting director of FDA’s office of food additive safety, said he is interested in EPA’s results. “On its face, it doesn’t appear to be an issue, but you never close your eyes and ears to an issue like this,” Pauli said. “If it really was (an issue), we’d definitely look into it.” The industry-funded Popcorn Board promotes the snack as “one of the most wholesome and economical foods available.”

“We were very interested in the aspect of what is coming off of the microwave popcorn when you pop it.” — Jacky Rosati EPA principal investigator ent brands, batches and flavors for the study. They declined to reveal the brands used. The popcorn bags will be popped in a microwave oven placed inside a sealed box built specially for the experiment. Gloves stick through the front wall for access to the oven. Air will be tested for volatile organic compounds and particles, the researchers said. The study will look at chemicals emitted from the contents of the bag and from the microwaveable bag itself. Chemicals of interest include diacetyl, the compound that gives butter its flavor. Diacetyl occurs naturally in milk, cheese, vegetables and beer. It also can be manufactured from a solvent and used to make artificial butter flavor. The National Institute on Occupational Safety and Health, a federal workplace safety agency, believes that diacetyl may be the component of butter flavoring responsible for dozens of cases of “popcorn workers’ lung” it has discovered in the past four years. The Food and Drug Administration, which regulates food additives, considers butter flavoring

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“Popcorn is the type of thing that always evokes smiles,” said Popcorn Board executive director Deirdre Flynn. “That’s why you’ve seen the industry rally as much as it has.” The average American eats 59 quarts of popcorn a year, according to the Chicago-based board. Consumers bought $1.33 billion worth of microwave popcorn in the United States in 2002, according to the Virginia-based Snack Food Association. Microwave popcorn ranks fifth in retail sales among salty snacks, after potato chips, tortilla chips, meat snacks such as beef jerky, and snack nuts, the association said. The snack appears in grocery stores in a wide variety of flavors, including “movie theater butter,” “blast-o-butter,” and the slightly sweet “kettle corn.” Popcorn fanatic Ruben Micich of St. Louis said he eats three large bowls of popcorn a week. He makes popcorn at work in a movie-theater style popper for his fellow firefighters. He also eats microwave popcorn at home. Micich, 45, said he didn’t worry about his own safety when he heard

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about the workers’ illnesses. “I can only assume because of the large quantities they’re dealing with at the factory that it must be in the atmosphere at a pretty high level,” he said. “I don’t think it would be that way at home, at least hopefully.” But Micich said he’d quit eating microwave popcorn if EPA’s study finds a problem. “It’s got to be one of the worst feelings, not being able to breathe,” he said. The workers in the Missouri lawsuit say they suffered various respiratory illnesses from breathing butter flavor vapors. At least eight have been diagnosed with bronchiolitis obliterans, a rare and incurable lung disease. Several are on waiting lists for lung transplants. Their lawsuit claims that butter flavoring manufacturer International Flavors & Fragrances, and its subsidiary, Bush Boake Allen, knew or should have known that the flavoring was hazardous, and that the manufacturers failed to adequately warn the workers. The manufacturers have denied liability in the case. International Flavors & Fragrances has blamed any health problems on “inadequate workplace conditions.” The plant’s owner since 1999, Chester, Ill.-based Gilster-Mary Lee, is not a defendant in the lawsuit. Most of the attention in the butter flavor controversy has focused on workplace safety. Fred Blosser, a spokesman for NIOSH, said that the respiratory problems the agency has observed so far appear to relate to workers breathing high levels of butter flavor vapors for extended periods. But there is no known “safe” level of butter flavor vapors. In a NIOSH study, rats developed severe airway damage after being exposed to butter flavor vapors for six hours. The vapors contained levels of diacetyl two to four times higher than the highest average level measured during a workday.

to face 9/11 commission By Dan Eggen and Walter Pincus The Washington Post

WASHINGTON — President Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney will be quizzed on a wide range of topics Thursday morning in a historic closed-door meeting with the commission investigating the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks, including whether the administration could have done more to combat al-Qaida in early 2001 and whether it should have been better prepared for a terrorist attack on U.S. soil, according to commission officials. Bush and Cheney are also expected to be questioned closely about the events of the day of the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, several commission officials said. The president and vice president agreed to meet privately with the 10-member panel on the condition that they appear together. Panel investigators have discovered evidence that casts doubt on several official narratives that emerged about that day. One focuses on early White House statements that Bush initially did not return to Washington on Sept. 11 because he was told the White House received a phone call saying that Air Force One was a target. The caller is said to have used a classified code word, “angel,” for the aircraft. The investigators have looked into the story and found no evidence of any such call, according to a source familiar with the staff findings who asked for anonymity because the information was not supposed to be disclosed. Bush, speaking to reporters Wednesday in the Oval Office, said the interview will focus on “my attitude and the attitude of the vice president about our country, our security, what happened on that particular date, what happened leading up to that.” “I look forward to the discussion,” Bush said. “I look forward to giving the commissioners a chance to question both of us. It will be a good opportunity for people to help write a report that hopefully will help future presidents deal with terrorist threats to the country.” Panel investigators have assembled a list of questions for Bush and Cheney that commission members have agreed to ask, according to several commission officials. Panel members, who have previously interviewed former president Bill Clinton and former vice president Al Gore, will be  See 9/11, page 16


12 - The University Star

NEWS

ANOTHER KIND OF ROUND BALL

Thursday, April 29. 2004

Idyllic Romanian mining town to be razed for gold beneath By Matthew Schofield Knight Ridder Newspapers

“Who here would ever thought we would dream of the good old days,” said Sorin Bereski, whose family has lived here for ROSIA MONTANA, Romania — For 500 years. “But before, whoever came, they more than 2,000 years, strangers have invad- always left enough behind for the village to ed this place, seeking the gold that’s beneath survive. These people, they will grind up the villagers’ feet. everything and be gone in a few years. And They’ve come with swords and arrows, then what will be left? Nothing but empty guns and tanks — Romans, Austro- holes.” Hungarians, Nazis and Soviets. But the vilBeneath this tiny Transylvanian village lage always survived. Until now. lies more gold than in any other place in “Nobody ever came to kick us out of our Europe. homes before,” said Eugen Cormea, whose The Rosia Montana Gold Corp., owned family has lived here for primarily by Gabriel generations. “They used Resources, a Canadian us to mine. They forced company, says such conus to mine. But they left cerns are shortsighted. us here. This is differThe mine is losing money, ent.” and if things don’t change, This time, a Rothe 500 jobs that are here manian mining companow will vanish. ny, backed by Canadian “The way the mine is capital and fueled by now going, pretty soon Romania’s hunger to everyone is out of work,” become a member of the said John Aston, the enviEuropean Union, plans ronmental manager for the — Liviu Popa project. “We’d create jobs to open huge pits to get at the gold, and fill the Mining company manager for the life of the mine, valley with leftover and after we leave we’d crushed rock. Within a leave behind a setting that few years, the villagers’ homes, their church- could be developed for tourism.” es and their graveyards will be gone, along Gold found in ancient Greek treasures with two valleys, a couple of rocky peaks and can be traced to the region, but it was the an ancient network of tunnels the Romans Romans who left the most behind — miles used to mine the area. of tunnels, all built in a classic trapezoid “The other day, they came to measure the pattern, triangles with the top point lopped cemetery,” said Dorina Cirua, who was born off. here and hopes to die here. “They tell us they There are scooped-out hollows in the will pay to rebury our ancestors when it is wall where Roman oil lamps used to progone. How can they do this?” vide light, 2,000-year-old timbers still shore “The issue is progress versus tradition, up some sections, and historians have found and it is not only here but everywhere in old contracts, on stone and wood, that Romania,” said Liviu Popa, a manager with Romans gave local workers for excavation. the new mining company. “We’re not here to But Ciuguidean lost his job as the local destroy the place. We’re a mining company. museum director over his opposition to the We are here to make money, and that will project, and he understands that the mine move Romania forward.” will come. In the end, that’s what this is about: “The future will come. It must,” Romania may have a rich past, but it’s a poor Ciuguidean said philosophically. “But a country, and to meet the requirements for place must be made for the past, as well.” membership in the European Union by 2007 Company spokesman Adrian Dascalu it must achieve a broad range of reform said the tunnels are hardly Roman ruins, goals. anyway. Others have mined them since. But progress sometimes comes at a high “They’re more Austro-Hungarian than cost to tradition and to the environment. Roman,” he said.

“We’re not here to destroy the place. We’re a mining company. We are here to make money, and that will move Romania forward.”

Andrew Nenque/Star photo Instructor Lynn Litchke and her Introduction to Therapy Recreation class helps bring alternative sports awareness to Texas State during a mock wheelchair basketball game.


NEWS

Thursday, April 29, 2004

PETITIONING

The University Star - 13

Vietnamese see parallels between situation there, U.S.-led Iraq war By Ben Stocking Knight Ridder Newspapers

Tiffany Searcy/Star photo Kevin Kuhn, business freshman, signs a petition to put Ralph Nadar on the 2004 presidential election ballot. Nadar has received hundreds of signatures showing support for his election.

HANOI, Vietnam — The Vietnamese people have some friendly advice for the United States: Don’t make the same mistake twice. Get out of Iraq before it’s too late. As a divided America debates whether the U.S.-led Iraq war is “Bush’s Vietnam,” opinion in Vietnam is united: What the Vietnamese call the “American War” was a misguided adventure, and so is the war in Iraq. In two dozen interviews, Vietnamese from across the country noted some key differences between the two conflicts, such as the lack of a unified Iraqi opposition. But nearly all said there was a common theme: imperialist wars of aggression in which a rich, powerful country meddles in the affairs of a smaller, weaker foe whose culture it doesn’t understand. The result, they say, could be another quagmire. “It seems like the United States is going to be stuck in Iraq, just like they got stuck in Vietnam years ago,” said Col. Tran Nhung, who writes for Quan Doi Nhan Dan, Vietnam’s military

Quoc Huy, 53, a coldaily. “No country in the world will accept lege professor in the a foreign invasion — southern province of this is a fundamental Long An. truth.” “They have found Nhung and others no evidence of weasaid the war was an pons of mass desunacceptable violatruction,” Huy said. tion of Iraqi sover“They have found no eignty. evidence of a link “Iraqis need peace — Col. Tran Nhung between Saddam and freedom,” Nhung writer, Quan Doi Nhan Dan Hussein and Osama said, “but they need to bin Laden.” build it themselves.” Others were more Most Vietnamese scathing. Nhu Y, 50, were pleased when became visibly upset former President Clinton normalized as she discussed the war from her siderelations between the two former foes walk perch on a quiet Hanoi street. She in 1995, and they relish ever closer dismissed Bush’s justifications for the U.S.-Vietnam ties. So their criticism invasion as “a total fabrication.” was offered in a friendly way. “I don’t know anyone who supports Many people expressed sympathy this war,” she said. “Anyone who does for the victims of the Sept. 11, terrorist must be on the CIA payroll.” attacks, but they said the war in Iraq is It’s difficult, but not impossible, to unlikely to deter future acts of terror- find Vietnamese who support the ism. American invasion. Their skepticism about the war is “Saddam Hussein was a dictator,” fueled in part by the fact that no evi- said Pham Duc Phuong, 35, who works dence has been found to support the for a private business in Hanoi. “He central claims that President Bush used  See VIETNAMESE, page 15 to justify the conflict, said Nguyen

“Iraqis need peace and freedom, but they need to build it themselves.”

Professor explores life on the streets and finds it filled with free surprises By David Casstevens Knight Ridder Newspapers FORT WORTH — Dressed in the fragrant rags he had worn for days, Jeff Ferrell pedaled through the Mistletoe Heights neighborhood of Fort Worth, on a bicycle he had rescued from a dumpster. He met an elderly couple rummaging through some trash along the curb. Scroungers have their own rules of etiquette. Those who stake their claim to a garbage pile don’t object if other urban prospectors want to join them, but they expect to be asked, and the pleasant fellow on the bike politely obliged: “Mind if I take a look?”

It was late, and the husband wanted to leave or risk missing free soup at a local shelter. His wife was searching for the mate to a red shoe and wasn’t ready to stop shopping. Leaning down, she picked up a sweater, and in a grandmotherly fashion, held it to Ferrell’s chest, eye-measuring the length and shoulders. “I think this would fit you,” she said. He still can see her upturned face and sweet smile. If world weary, if embittered, if beaten down by life, she didn’t show it. Ferrell never will forget the old lady’s selfless gesture and the perseverance of the community of homeless

strangers and working poor that he met during an eight-month tour of the streets in 2002. “In the midst of all their needs, people were always asking what I could use,” he said. “Or they were putting things aside for me. What I found were decent people eking out a living, surviving.” Ferrell, 49, isn’t homeless. He lives in Arlington Heights, near downtown Fort Worth. But he has long been intrigued by those on the margins of society. In the early 1990s, while in Colorado, he spent nights among those who express themselves through graffiti. Ferrell and his wife, Karen, returned to his native Fort Worth in

2001. He had resigned his tenured professorship at Northern Arizona University after a disagreement about the terms of his sabbatical. He’s now an associate professor of criminal justice at Texas Christian University. During the first eight months of 2002, while unemployed, Ferrell explored America’s consumer society from the perspective of those who have little or nothing. How do the street people, the homeless, the poor, survive and meet their basic needs in the world’s wealthiest nation? He spent afternoons in different areas of Fort Worth, rich and poor, looking through refuse — at times staying one block ahead of the rumbling garbage trucks.

Ferrell lined up canned goods on the rims of dumpsters, an invitation to the hungry. He carried other scavenged food to shelters and food banks. He wanted to discover how well he could live if he reduced his needs. He soon realized he didn’t require much cash “because the things you use cash for, I was finding.” He rarely went into a store. His wife cut his hair. She paid bills and bought food with the $9.50 an hour she earned as a part-time grocery store checker. He contributed, on average, about $40 a week from items he collected and sold at yard sales and to an antique mall, and by peddling scrap metal —  See PROFESSOR, page 15

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NEWS

PROFESSOR: Experiences homelessness VIETNAMESE: People

Thursday, April 29, 2004

 Cont. from page 13

aluminum, brass, copper, die-cast zinc — by the pound. Riding his bike, Ferrell found coins on the streets. He tramped through the weedy fringes of municipal and country club golf courses and sold the balls he found for 17 cents apiece. He compared ball-harvesting to being paid for hunting Easter eggs. He found men’s suits, good suits, and developed the “Theory of the Exiled Boyfriend.” Perhaps in a jealous rage, or at the end of her rope, a man’s significant other had theatrically ended the relationship by tossing his wardrobe — coats, pants, shirts, ties, shoes and all. Ferrell uncovered baby clothes still on hangers and gifts that never had been opened. He found old portraits, photo albums, diplomas, professional awards and plaques — remnants of forgotten lives. He once carried home an unopened bottle of Vermont maple syrup. He and his wife poured it over pancakes. “Scrounging has always been Jeff’s passion,” Karen Ferrell said. “He just stepped up the process. I was supportive. He needed a year off from school. There were times he came home with things and I’d roll my eyes.” She laughed, and added, “I didn’t see the intrinsic value of EVERYTHING he brought through the door.” The Ferrells gave discarded bedding and towels to an animal shelter. Jeff Ferrell came across every kind of electrical appliance. The words on an old refrigerator read, “Yo trabajo bien” — “I work well.” A sign on a lawnmower: “Take me.” Ferrell gave the cord a tug. The engine coughed, and roared to life. “I took its advice,” he said, and carted the mower home. He befriended unforgettable people, characters he would not have met if he hadn’t stepped outside the insulated life of academia. He met a man who picked up recyclable cans from his wheelchair. The collector offered this advice: In the spring, watch out for honeybees. Bees, he said, like the corn syrup in sodas. He crossed paths several times with a

The University Star - 15

delightful fellow on the north side of downtown who customized his bicycle, welding on baskets and trays so he could carry more finds. Ferrell still scrounges, part time. A recent visit to a bin near a remodeling job yielded glass lampshades, old doorplates, a locking gasoline cap with the key in it, a world atlas and The Complete Plays and Poems of William Shakespeare. The book’s blue cloth cover had been nibbled almost bare by mice. Cruising in his old pickup, Ferrell spotted a solid wooden door lying near the street. He couldn’t help himself. He threw the truck into reverse, got out and removed the antique doorknob using his Swiss Army knife. During his daily scrounging, some people gave him suspicious looks. A few threatened to call police. One homeowner who spotted Ferrell going through trash in front of his house came striding out of the garage carrying a .22-caliber rifle. “How you doing?” Ferrell called out

folks and the poor cooperating in a way to redistribute useful materials.” Ferrell said he began to feel “a weird moral obligation” to travel somewhere in the city every day and rescue a reusable object before it was lost forever, bulldozed into a landfill graveyard. “If I didn’t, that was just one more antique photo or good pair of jeans gone forever,” he said. “I felt that it was almost my duty to save that stuff. “Once you see the waste, you’re overwhelmed by the magnitude of the problem and what to do about it.” His research was enlightening, educational. He learned that the wealth of goods and materials thrown away indicate that people are consuming at a phenomenal rate. He learned to his surprise that many of those he met on the streets already had put in a full day’s work at minimum wage. Some, still wearing their uniforms, appeared in the afternoons looking for second-hand clothing for their children or searching for lumber to rebuild a shed. Ferrell grew to enjoy the freedom of unem— Jeff Ferrell ployment and the discisociology professor pline required to live off whatever he could find nervously. or trade or sell. Reluctantly, he gave up “Just fine,” came the friendly reply. the project after Southern Methodist The man had been cleaning out his University offered him a teaching job. garage and was taking the firearm inside One day he was dumpster-diving. Next the house. day he was freshly scrubbed on the cam“Most people were gracious and, in pus of the university near Dallas’ tony fact, seemed to feel a kind of moral obli- Highland Park. gation to help others get what they no Last fall, Ferrell joined the departlonger needed. Many times people found ment of sociology, criminal justice and me in their trash piles and said, ‘Hold on, anthropology at TCU. He is writing a I’ve got more stuff.’ Or ‘Did you see book about his experiences on the those shoes under there?’” he said. streets. “They almost understood that the curb Last year, he attended the American was like a marketplace or distribution Society of Criminology conference in point between their lives and other peo- Denver to present his research findings. ple’s lives.” He stood before his esteemed colleagues A professor who earned a doctorate in wearing a smile, his brother’s shoes and sociology at the University of Texas, a muted gray plaid worsted wool Henry Ferrell saw the interplay as encouraging. Grethel suit. “We think of the world as being Which he had found. increasingly mean-spirited and competiRolled up in a plastic garbage bag. tive, but here were homeowners and Near Camp Bowie Boulevard in Fort small-business owners and homeless Worth.

“Most people were gracious and, in fact, seemed to feel a kind of moral obligation to help others get what they no longer needed.”

speak out about U.S.-led Iraqi war

motive as well: to expand their influence in the Middle East.” When Bush vowed last week didn’t care about the lives of most Iraqis. Because of him, Iraq to send more troops if needed, was cut off from the outside his words reminded many here of world. He lived in luxurious the American troop escalation in palaces, but his people lived in Vietnam. “Surely this war will sow poverty.” Inevitably, Vietnamese view protests and divisions among the American Iraq through people,” said the prism of Thinh, recalltheir own expeing American riences. And p r o t e s t s 75-year-old against the Mai Van ThVietnam War. uan’s experiVietnamese ence under Frsee one major ench colonialdifference ism makes him between their deeply suspicious of foreign — Hoang Van Thinh war and the intervention of Hanoi resident one in Iraq: Four decades any kind. ago the VietSixty years namese were later, he still far more unithas vivid memories of his father’s French ed and prepared to fight than the employers slapping him across Iraqi people are today. They rallthe face. Thuan worked with his ied behind Ho Chi Minh, the father for a telephone company, communist leader who representinstalling phone lines. He ed Vietnam’s strong nationalist remembers a daily barrage of spirit. By contrast, Iraqi insurgents insults. “They called me a monare leaderless, and the country is key. They called me a pig.” He doesn’t believe American driven by hostile religious facpromises about building democ- tions. But the longer the United racy in Iraq or saving Iraqis from States occupies the country, said a brutal tyrant. “The invaders always say nice Nguyen Thi Han, an elementary things when they arrive,” said school teacher from Long An, the Thuan. “They always have nice, faster Iraqis will put aside their differences. elegant words.” “They need to learn from us,” Other Vietnamese voiced simsaid Han. “Vietnam is a united ilar opinions. “Everyone in the world can country, and that strength was see that the United States went to there when we defeated the Iraq for oil,” said Hoang Van United States. If the Iraqi people Thinh, a 27-year-old Hanoi resi- stand up and fight, surely they dent. “And they had a political will win.”  Cont. from page 13

“Everyone in the world can see that the United States went to Iraq for oil.”

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16 - The University Star

NATION/WORLD

BUSH: To 9/11: Commission reviews facts of attacks tour states

Thursday, April 29, 2004

 Cont. from page 11

free to ask questions on their own, officials said. “It’s essentially the same set of questions that we asked President Clinton with one exception, which is just what happened on the day of September 11th,” said commissioner Bob Kerrey, a former Democratic senator from Nebraska. “What was your strategy before, what was your strategy on September 11, and what allowed the FAA to be so surprised by a hijacking?” Other commission members — several of whom declined to be identified because they did not wish to discuss the interview publicly — said that much of the discussion is likely to revolve around conflicting testimony from former counterterrorism adviser Richard Clarke and national security adviser Condoleezza Rice. Clarke has said in testimony and a new book that the Bush administration did not view terrorism as a priority before the attacks. Rice told the commission that the White House was pursuing an al-Qaida strategy that was more aggressive than the Clinton administration’s. Commissioners said another central topic will be the President’s Daily Brief delivered to Bush on Aug. 6, 2001. One article in the brief, titled “Bin Ladin Determined To Strike in US,” warned that the FBI had observed “patterns of suspicious activity in this country consistent with preparations for hijackings or other types of attacks.” Bush, who declassified the PDB on April 10, has said the memo did not provide any “actionable intelligence” or specific threat. “I think the PDB is an important question that will certainly be asked about in some fashion,” said commission member Timothy Roemer, a Democrat and former Indiana congressman. “The other briefings and warnings in the spring and summer of 2001 are just as important. What did they do about that, and how did they develop policy?” The commission staff has been unable to find any White

l l i H Park

 Cont. from page 10

publicity that lasts for days as local media track the bus moving gradually toward town. Bush is scheduled to appear Monday in Michigan, where he will host an “Ask President Bush” event in Niles, followed by a speech in Kalamazoo and then a reelection rally in Sterling Heights, a Detroit suburb. The format for the “Ask President Bush” event was unclear. The president on Tuesday is scheduled to speak at a “pancake breakfast” gathering in Toledo, Ohio, before going to Dayton, Ohio, for another “Ask President Bush” event. Then he will deliver a speech in Lebanon and make a campaign-rally appearance in Cincinnati before returning to Washington. All four states Bush is expected to visit were decided by narrow margins in 2000, and they are expected to be closely contested this November. Of the four, the most important appears to be Ohio, with 21 electoral votes. No Republican has been elected president without winning Ohio. Bush carried the state in 2000, 50 percent to Gore’s 46 percent. But most polls are showing Ohio, hit hard by manufacturing-job losses, to be a toss-up. In 2000, Democratic presidential nominee Gore carried the other three states Bush is expected to visit. He won Michigan’s 18 electoral votes, 51 percent to 46 percent; Wisconsin’s 11 electoral votes by several thousand votes; and Iowa’s seven electoral votes, 49 percent to 48 percent.

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House telephone operators who recalled receiving a threat to Air Force One on Sept. 11. Press secretary Ari Fleischer was the first to announce publicly, on Sept. 12, that there was “specific and credible information that the White House and Air Force One were also intended targets of these attacks.” He told reporters the threat explained “why the White House, Air Force One, took the actions that it took,” and Bush did not immediately return to Washington. On Sept. 13, New York Times columnist William Safire, citing White House political adviser Karl Rove, reported that the Secret Service relayed a message that the president’s aircraft was “next.” Bob Woodward, in his book Bush at War, reported that Cheney passed word of the threat to the president. By Sept. 13, reporters checking with the FBI, the Secret Service and the Pentagon found no confirmation of the threat, although Fleischer said that day, “I think people understand it’s credible.” Last month, White House communications director Dan Bartlett told the Wall Street Journal that use of the code word “angel” referring to Air Force One was misinterpreted as a threat. Thursday’s session comes after months of wrangling between the commission and the White House, which initially refused requests for separate interviews with Bush and Cheney but agreed to a joint session amid mounting political pressure. Neither is expected to testify publicly and, like Clinton and Gore, neither will be interviewed under oath. The questioning will take place in the White House and is expected to last three to four hours. The White House will not record or transcribe the interviews, in part because much of the discussion will be focused on classified information, administration officials said. The Sept. 11 panel is prohibited from recording the interview but will be allowed to have one staffer taking notes.

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NATION/WORLD

GAMING: Increasing INTERNSHIP: The test before the hire hand-eye coordination Thursday, April 29, 2004

 Cont. from page 9

 Cont. from page 8

World War II shooter fantasy “Medal of Honor: Allied Assault” might last all of 14 seconds if they just hit the Normandy beaches with guns blazing. To succeed, they must come up with a plan — either by typing messages or talking through headphones to teammates whom they may never have met. “It’s becoming good at communicating with others in teams and being nonresistant to technology,” said James Paul Gee, an education professor at the University of Wisconsin and author of last year’s book What Video Games Have to Teach Us About Learning and Literacy. “That is what the Army wants. That is what the modern workplace wants. Those are pretty modern skills.” Says Henry Jenkins, director of the comparative media studies program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology: “In a hunting society, kids learned bows and arrows. In an information society, playing games with resource management — where you need to process massive amounts of information to determine which is important and which you let slide — might be the right kind of play.” In the 30 years since electronic games have conquered computers and television consoles, they’ve become a $28 billion worldwide business. Advertisers pay small fortunes to place their brands in games such as “The Sims” and “Grand Theft Auto,” and a song placed in a video game can mean more exposure than a song in a hit movie. Americans will spend more

time gaming this year — 75 hours on average — than watching rented movies, according to Fortune magazine. And so, with competition fierce for compelling new software, more than 80 colleges have begun offering programs in game design. The study of ludology, or video-game theory — from the Latin word “ludus,” for game — has been taken up at places such as MIT, the University of Chicago, and Princeton, which in February held the Ivy League’s first symposium on gaming, where literary and film-criticism techniques were trained on “Lara Croft: Tomb Raider” and “Super Mario Brothers.” The players have grown up as well. Nearly two-thirds of console gamers — those who play on a machine that plugs into a television, as opposed to a computer game — are 18 or older, according to the Entertainment Software Association. A Pew Internet & American Life study last year found that every college student polled had, at one point, played computer games. Surprisingly, slightly more college women than men reported playing computer and online games; equal numbers said they played video games. So what are they learning? Not just how to drive, say University of Rochester researchers, who found that action games improved players’ visual abilities. And hand-eye coordination, say researchers at New York’s Beth Israel Medical Center. They found this month that doctors who spent at least three hours a week playing video games made fewer mistakes and performed laparoscopic surgery faster than their nonplaying peers.

internship program. Just saying you hire interns isn’t enough. It takes a commitment from top managers to give students real work, not just busy work. “Some have a mentoring program. That’s what we prefer,” Hollis said. “They’ll teach the student intern the ropes. Let them work in different departments.” Erin Lewis, who handles recruiting for Akron-based FirstMerit, said the bank’s internship program is extremely structured. Students must attend classes, learn about customer service and business writing etiquette. Each intern also gets to work one-on-one with a mentor, such as a department head. The goal is to hire every intern, said Lewis, who was an

intern herself four years ago. “It’s going to benefit us,” said Lewis, an officer and talent acquisition coordinator for FirstMerit. “It doesn’t benefit us to have someone come in and run errands.” Rosalind Thompson of JoAnn Stores Inc. echoed that sentiment. Summer interns are asked to do work that has a real impact on the Hudson-based company. Last summer, for instance, students came up with a plan to market Jo-Ann Stores’ products to high-school prom-goers. Some of their concepts were used later in the year. “Our hiring managers kind of bid for the interns because they all want them,” said Thompson, executive vice president of human resources. Being an intern at Jo-Ann Stores isn’t designed to be easy.

The University Star - 17

Over 10 weeks, students must do two presentations to top executives about their work, plan a few social events, do community service, keep a journal and meet with an intern coordinator once a week. At the end of the summer, the students know everything they need to know to succeed at Jo-Ann Stores. In fact, about 40 percent of them land a job. “It’s a win-win,” Thompson said. Well-trained interns can make the best employees because they come in familiar with the corporate culture, Lewis added. “They’re not going to bring over any bad habits from another company,” she said. Employers looking to add an internship program should look to local universities and start off small. FirstMerit is doing that now.

This is the first year for its newly “consolidated” program and four students were hired with help from Kent State. The goal is to have 10 interns eventually, Lewis said. Before any students are hired, though, companies need to work up a list of job duties and set academic standards for their acceptance. Interns, for instance, might be required to have a minimum grade-point average or attend an Ohio school. Structure is critical, and that starts from the top down. Managers must understand the benefits of hiring and training interns, Thompson said, and then truly accept them as part of the company team. “It’s not just good to have them come in and shadow people,” she said. “They don’t learn anything.

TREASURY: Redesign to make $50 bill more secure  Cont. from page 9

economy. It wasn’t long ago when talk of inflation and a double-dip recession worried people at home and abroad, he said. Now, economic signs including the creation of more than 300,000 jobs in March show that the economy is ready to go, he said. “The American economy is in a very strong growth posture,” Snow said. The currency facility is one of two plants that produce the nation’s paper money. The new $50 will be produced only at the Fort Worth plant, which on Tuesday also kicks off the beginning of public tours and the opening of a new visitors center. The new bills are slated to be sent to banks in October. The redesign is the second time the bill has been redone since 1997. Currency redesigns began with the $100 bill, which was redesigned in 1996, followed by the first $50 redesign, the $20 in 1998 and the $10 and $5 notes in 2000. Besides Snow, other federal officials at

Monday’s unveiling included Thomas Ferguson, director of the bureau; Rep. Kay Granger, R-Texas; Fort Worth Mayor Mike Moncrief, and Fort Worth Police Chief Ralph Mendoza. Visitors were treated to a walkthrough of the visitors center and taken to the printing floor to see $50 bills being printed and packaged. The Bureau of Engraving estimates that about 500,000 visitors could visit annually. Moncrief said he expects the center will increase the city’s benefit from having the plant. “We have 700 jobs out here, and it’s going to be a tourist attraction that I believe is going to grow as the city grows,” Moncrief said. “A lot of people

are going to want to see our mint. The only other one is in Washington.” Beyond the anti-counterfeiting measures, economists and others who make their living with money don’t see the redesigned $50 bill making a difference to the economy. The economists and government personnel say there is nothing to indicate the $50 bill will be more in demand, although orders fluctuate. John Harvey, a Texas Christian University economics professor, said there hasn’t been enough inflation for many years that would make people need to use more fifties. The distribution of the new bill will not change anything in the economy, he said. “It shouldn’t make any impact whatsoever,” Harvey said.

Beyond the anticounterfeiting measures, economists and others who make their living with money don’t see the redesigned $50 bill making a difference to the economy.


18 - The University Star

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TREES: Walk, arborteum contribute to green space

Thursday, April 29, 2004

NEWS

Nancy Nusbaum, Finance and Support Services associate the campus attractiveness. vice president, said she “Students kind of take for believes a program like this is granted that whatever they decide good for children for other reato major in is going to be a good sons, not just the plants. program because they choose a “It will expose them to a school based on how pretty it is,” university and it might even Cade said. “If (our school) turns encourage them to pursue a into a concrete jungle then we’re college career,” Nusbaum said. not going to be able to attract as The students’ participation many students.” in the development of the — Tina Cade Campus Master Plan has Cade’s main area of study is human issues in horticulture and agriculture professor potential to be a point of pride she said other studies indicate for them throughout their green space on a campus relaxes lives. people, even if they can just see it from a window, “I think it’s a neat opportunity for students to making green spaces an important aspect on a col- become directly involved in the goals of the unilege campus. versity,” Cade said. “And I really think that if they Another idea Cade has suggested is to develop see their work put in place when they become a curriculum for elementary students to learn about alumni it’s a really big point of pride. Then we, as plant life, but her students did not adopt the plan. a university, start to develop those alumni bonds She said it is something that may be developed fur- and that’s important for the university for a long ther in the future after the tree walk is already in time because those alumni become potential place. donors.”

DESIGN: Students bring ideas to table for show house’s interior  Cont. from page 4

 Cont. from page 3

“If (our school) turns into a concrete jungle then we’re not going to be able to attract as many students.”

OLYMPICS: Events hit San Marcos in May  Cont. from page 3

from 12:30 p.m. May 20 to 10:30 p.m. May 23. Volunteers are asked to wear comfortable clothing and shoes since they will be on their feet throughout the day. The Texas Special Olympics recommends that volunteers bring a cooler with food and water, since they will be unable to provide food for all volunteers. Alcohol is absolutely prohibited at all venues of the event. Volunteers can park at the various venue locations they are assigned to. The Square will be used to host the Texas Natural and Western Swing Festival starting at 10 a.m. May 22.

The event will provide a marketplace featuring foods from across Texas, craft areas, a children’s art area, trick roping, historical exhibits and free mule-team wagon rides. There will also be eight bands entertaining the crowds with different types of Western Swing music. An all-you-can-eat catfish dinner will be served from 7 to 9 p.m. for those who have purchased their $10 meal tickets in advance. Those who purchased a catfish dinner for $25 will also have a reserved seat. A table for eight can be reserved for the catfish dinner for $160. The Texas Western Swing

Hall of Fame Show and Dance will commence by the river at 7:30 p.m. and will feature music legend Dave Alexander, along with 34 other legends of Western Swing. The Hall of Fame Show and Dance will end at midnight. Free shuttles will be provided from Strahan Coliseum to all venues during the event. Admission is free, but it is recommended to bring a lawn chair. For more information on the festival, call the San Marcos Main Street Program at (512) 393-8430. For more information about Texas Special Olympic Summer Games, visit the Web site at www.sotx.org.

The University Star - 19

help and not be scared of rejection, also to realize we can’t have everything we may want.” With the bistro set in the outdoor tent and the theme already in mind, the team went for bright colors and ironwork that would fit with “rustic elegance.” The team chose colors such as cranberry, a variety of oranges, peaches and creams. “We attended a meeting with all the other designers from the show house and saw their presentations and played off the same theme of rustic elegance,” said Andrea Redfern, interior design senior. “Then we worked as a team and agreed on the fabric selections and brainstormed about centerpiece ideas for the tables.” The Women’s Symphony League is a nonprofit organization that raises money for the

Austin Symphony Orchestra for their musical educational programs as well as other opportunities to provide music appreciation among the youth and the community. Texas State in the past has worked with designers on the show house, “This experience has definitely gotten me to realize the

securing the basic materials such as tables and chairs. “I have been in charge of publicity, ordering the fabrics, as well as all the other tasks shared by the group, including the design schemes, the meetings and the centerpiece selection,” said Chelsea Bandy, interior design senior. The events will begin with a kick-off party on Friday, an evening of wine, food, previewing — Amber Schmidt the house the interior design junior with designers and the residential aspect of interior music of Tommy Shane Steiner. design,” said Amber Schmidt, Tickets will be $75 for the party. interior design junior. “Also I’ve Tickets to view the show house learned to work on a fixed budg- are $12, and $10 with a valid et and on a team instead of just Texas State ID. individually.” “The field of interior design Aside from bringing their is a very diverse, challenging own ideas to the table, each and exciting professional field,” member of the team had their Speir said. “It offers the perfect own tasks to perform, such as profession for people who want finding the right materials, get- something different to do everyting publicity for the project or day.”

“This experience has definitely gotten me to realize the residential aspect of interior design.”

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OPINIONS CONTACT Scooter Hendon staropinion@txstate.edu (512) 245-3487

Page 21

OPINIONS

THE UNIVERSITY STAR Defending the First Amendment since 1911

Thursday, April 29, 2004

THE MAIN POINT

The Star is more than a crossword puzzle It is just about the end of the school year. The heat of the sun beats down on you as you go in for your last final, and you know your mind is so far gone, moving onto beer and the river float that is less than an hour and a half away. You must really deserve the break, don’t you? The question that should, but probably has not, cross your mind is: What have you done that actually entails any kind of reward? The majority of this campus has a serious problem with apathy, the repercussions of which are negatively affecting the few students who are really trying to be involved. Tuesday’s Main Point referenced the mayoral debate that, besides those putting the program on, only about 10 addi-

tional people attended. This is your town and the mayor has a direct impact on you, not just those people who you run into at H-E-B who don’t look like college students. The decisions the mayor makes affect you. College is supposed to be a time to formulate a work ethic. If this is your springboard into the real world, you are not going to get very far if you just slide by in your classes for the sake of staying at college in order to party. It is absolutely pathetic that professors of upper-level courses actually expect so many late papers that they do not even penalize for the tardiness. If we changed our school name so people would think more of us, we need to start

by demanding more of ourselves. Professors are not doing us any favors by encouraging our apathy. Encourage those professors who challenge you; they are the ones who are truly making the difference. Pay attention to what is going on in your administration. The biggest threat to people in power is other people who are aware of what is going on. Ask your vice presidents, deans and professors questions. It is your responsibility to know. Freshmen and sophomores be warned: Pay attention to your GPA. By the time you are a senior and figure out that you actually want to do something with your life, you realize that it is going

to take more As than you have classes left to raise your GPA even a tenth of a point. Now, we realize that we are probably talking to the more involved group to begin with, and it is duly noted that there are those who are not only working to pay for school but also making excellent grades while doing it. We are not talking to you. If this paper is more than a crossword to you, we are probably not talking to you. But you who fall into that category can do something as well. Encourage your peers; college does not have to be every man for himself. As for the rest of you, enjoy floating the river and getting trashed. Hopefully we will see you next year.

Thhe Main Point is the opinion of the newspaper’s editorial board. Columns are the opinions of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the full staff, Texas State UniversitySan Marcos Student Media, the department of mass communication or Texas State University-San Marcos. Letters policy: E-mail letters to starletters@txstate.edu. Letters must be no longer than 350 words. No anonymous letters will be printed. We reserve the right to edit for grammar, spelling, space and libel. We reserve the right to refuse obscene, irrelevant and malicious letters. All e-mails must include the name and phone number of the letter writer. Students should also include their classifications and majors.

Commuting is not as easy as it seems

THE LOST ART OF CHOOSING Current political setup offers no hope for choosy voters I love having choices. When going to the grocery store, I love being able to choose between regular ketchup, Tabasco ketchup and barbecue-flavored Scooter Hendon ketchup. With that said, I hate presidential politics because they provide no real choices. In the coming election, we will be realistically Managing Editor given the choices of George W. Bush and John Kerry. Whoopee. Bush has no business leading this country for the next four years — he’s already overstayed his welcome. Kerry has absolutely no vision for the United States, but will garner votes for being the only real alternative. This leads to third-party candidates, a.k.a. idealist failures. I voted for Ralph Nader in the 2000 election, not because I actually agreed with his politics, but for the mere fact that he represented the beginnings of getting a true third party going. His views on having two choices for the president were right on — it’s ludicrous. How can two choices actually represent all Americans’ views? They can’t. From the vast number of citizens in this country, the idea that

The University Star 601 University Dr. San Marcos, TX 78666 Phone: (512) 245-3487 Fax: (512) 245-3708

Do you vote for the “least worst” of two parties? When you don’t want someone in office, casting a vote for him is like running in place as opposed to running backward.

two candidates represent most people accurately is silly. Also on that note, too many candidates would swamp the campaign and managing an election would become similar to managing a circus. So what do you do? Do you throw away a vote for a third-party candidate into a small pile just so you can get your voice heard? This is a viable option when you don’t want either candidate in office, but it does not seek to progress politics in any way since it’s obvious they will never succeed in winning the election. Many third-party hopefuls want to represent specific Americans’ voices, and they do. But it still brings back the question, what do you do to actually progress presidential politics? Do you vote for the “least worst” of the two parties or vote a straight ticket for one of the two when election time comes around? When you don’t want someone in office, casting a vote for him is like running in place as opposed to running backward. You aren’t really getting anywhere in representing your own choices, you merely chose someone that wasn’t as bad as his opponent. Did you really get anywhere? Did you help the country? No.

Editor In Chief............................Genevieve Klein, stareditor@txstate.edu Managing Editor.....................Scooter Hendon, staropinion@txstate.edu News Editor.........................................David Doerr, starnews@txstate.edu Assistant News Editor.....................Kassia Micek, km1018@txstate.edu Sports Editor......................................Jason Orts, starsports@txstate.edu Entertainment Editor.........Terry Ornelas, starentertainment@txstate.edu Asst. Entertainment Editor.................Ian Ragsdale, ir1014@txstate.edu

You may have fought in completely keeping the country out of the gutter, but you didn’t actually help anything in the long run. Not to cause confusion, but this is not meant to cause apathy in voters, that’s even worse than voting for the “best worst.” This column is simply to make you think. To all the voters who support third-party candidates, I salute you. The bottom line is that all of us moderates are screwed. Bush is an extremist, no matter what you say, and will continue to lead this country in whatever direction the higher power supposedly directs him. And Kerry is a weak candidate with no vision. It’s a true travesty that our system is so arrested to itself that the two-party system will continue to perpetuate itself for many years to come. If the system were flexible enough to allow three viable candidates, Americans would hear real debate on issues and actually have a choice among candidates instead of a “choice” between two fence-sitting, mindless politicians. Yeah America!

As if the last few weeks of the semester aren’t crazy enough, I let myself get roped into commuting for a while. I have always had tremendous respect for commuters and nontraditional students. Not only do they have to balance a demanding workload, but Megan Kinkade they also have to do it away from the convenience of the school and often with Star Columnist other responsibilities. But people don’t really understand this situation until they have to live it. Now, I’m not one to shy away from hard work, and I’m used to having multiple responsibilities, but geez, commuting sucks. The folks decided to head out of town for a week, leaving me in charge of my little sister. My family lives in San Antonio, so I thought, “OK, the drive isn’t too terrible, and sis is pretty self-sufficient. No big deal.” The first day, I had to wake up two hours earlier than I usually do, at about 6:30 a.m. I thought sis could get up on her own, but no. She was running late and needed breakfast. So I ran around trying to get us both ready for school and make breakfast at the same time (I also had to wrangle our many, many pets which are actually more of a burden than I thought). So 7 a.m. comes around and we’re scooting out the door. I have to drop sis off (of course, she missed her bus). I have never seen angrier, more dangerous drivers than the hundreds of parents who were attempting the same thing as me — dump the child and get out. Finally, 7:30 a.m., and I’m on I-35 heading to San Marcos at 45 mph. Well, I managed to get some last-minute studying in for my first class as I finally crawled onto campus at 8:45 a.m. I stumbled into class almost late, as I had previously observed many commuters do. Out of breath, I had to take my test. The rest of the day progressed as it usually does, but I had to leave before 2 p.m. to get home in time to be with my sister. So I’m running around campus furiously printing off homework and notes that I usually have 24-hour access to while I’m at my dorm. No lunch with the buddies — just got to get out of town like the rest of the commuting crowd. Don’t try to get gas at this time, either. Everybody who’s anybody is pumping gas at the little station. Eventually, at about 3 p.m., I make it back home, breathless from my freeway battle with other commuters at the beginning of rush hour. But it doesn’t stop there. I can’t sit back and chill or study or anything. I have to clean, make dinner and wonder where sis is. It turns out I have to go pick her up, drop her friends off, buy something for some reason and then repeat the whole thing. When I finally get to even look at anything close to schoolwork, I’m too exhausted to care. As I lie down for a short night’s sleep, I think about how much it really, really sucks to do this, and how I have to do it some more. So, to all of you commuters and non-traditional students, more power to you. You are blessed with some amazing multi-tasking power that we lowly campus-dwellers just cannot appreciate enough. You do a lot of hard work, not just for school, but for others as well. But it still sucks to have to do it. Kinkade is a psychology freshman.

Hendon is a mass comunication senior.

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The University Star is the student newspaper of Texas State University-San Marcos published Tuesday through Thursday during the Fall and Spring semesters. It is distributed on campus and throughout San Marcos at 8 a.m. with a daily circulation of 8,000. Printing and distribution is by the New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung. Copyright April 29, 2004. All copy, photographs and graphics appearing in The University Star are the exclusive property of The University Star and may not be reproduced without the expressed written consent of the editor in chief.


OPINIONS

Thursday, April 29, 2004

The University Star - 22

What do we really know about the historical Jesus?

Kerry not weak on defense, just wrong The crucial issue is not whether John them to defend the national security. Kerry is “soft” on defense, but whether Democrats hope Kerry’s war record U.S. national security would be at risk will immunize him against criticism, as with him in the Oval Office. This is though a candidate’s biography outmuch more than a semantic dispute. weighs his plans and proposals. They Kerry wants to link U.S. hope voters will figure it is foreign policy to participaPeter A. Brown more important that Kerry tion in — and a willingness served 35 years ago, than Orlando Sentinel to be constrained by — whether he’s a suitable presiinternational organizations, dent for the 21st century. such as the United Nations. He gets it But then, some still believe Dukakis from his father, a State Department lost in 1988 because he looked weak riddiplomat who criticized U.S. Cold War ing in a tank, or somehow couldn’t come policies as blind to world opinion and up with a tough defense of his opposiunreasonably harsh on the Soviet Union. tion to capital punishment in a televised President Bush, has starkly different debate. priorities. Spotlighting those differences, Yeah, right. as do Bush’s TV commercials, is not Dukakis lost because he was out of dirty politics. The ads don’t question sync with middle-class voters, especially Kerry’s patriotism, as he claims, just his on defense matters, and did not fit their judgment. definition of a strong leader. He, like That is what campaigns in a free Kerry, favored lower defense spending country should be about. Kerry’s Senate and was less supportive of using military votes and proposals are fair game, as is force to protect U.S. interests than was Bush’s record. his GOP opponent. Kerry has spent his career criticizing McGovern, who flew bombers in the use of U.S. troops (Vietnam, Iraq World War II, was, like Kerry, a war 1991 and Iraq 2003) overseas. He hero, yet voters rejected his foreign polipushed CIA and Pentagon budget cuts cy as hopelessly naive. So is Kerry’s, that even Al Gore opposed. He champiand he can’t hide his record on national oned a nuclear freeze in the 1980s in defense behind an honorable discharge opposition to Ronald Reagan’s peaceand medals. through-strength stance that Kerry worJimmy Carter was a military veteran, ried would start World War III. Instead, too, but he was a lousy commander in Reagan’s approach won the Cold War. chief. You might remember the United Efforts by Kerry and his minions to State humiliation in Iran on his watch. distract attention from his record, and Nevertheless, Democrats were gleeful label the questions about it as attacks on when Sen. John McCain of Arizona, a his patriotism, are horse hockey: Republican who was a prisoner of war • Kerry’s willingness to give U.N. during Vietnam, said he did not believe members greater voice in U.S. foreign Kerry was “weak” on defense matters. policy is wrong for America, unless one That’s because they are so concerned thinks the views and values in Paris Kerry not appear as weak as Dukakis, should carry the same weight as those in they didn’t listen to the entirety of Peoria. McCain’s comments. • Kerry’s opposition to forcing “No, I don’t believe that he is quote Saddam Hussein out of Kuwait in 1991 ‘weak on defense,’” McCain said. But he was, in hindsight, especially shortsighted also added this: “He is responsible for and would have been disastrous. his voting record, as we all are responsi• His vote last year against funding ble for our voting record, and he’ll have the postwar occupation of Iraq was not to defend it.” only wrong but irresponsible, given his Yet Democrats cry foul about Bush’s vote supporting the war. ads that attack Kerry’s foreign-policy Kerry is a decorated Vietnam War record. But those commercials don’t call veteran, which has led many Democrats Kerry soft or weak; they say he is to argue (perhaps trying to convince “wrong on defense.” themselves) that he can’t be 2004’s So let’s dispense with the semantics George McGovern or Michael Dukakis. and stipulate that Kerry is not “weak” on McGovern and Dukakis were the losing defense. He’s just very, very wrong on Democratic nominees in 1972 and 1988, the national-security issues that matter in respectively, because voters didn’t trust a dangerous world.

me, then, when my article seemed On March 24, The University largely passed over in silence by the Star printed an article of mine that criticized Mel Gibson’s The Passion student audience for whom it was intended, but provoked strong disof the Christ for relying on his sent from some of the very scholars Gospel sources with a child’s whose work I accused naivete. I accused Gibson of a blithe and Jeffrey Gordon Gibson of blithely ignoring. Since I don’t have very possibly perniGuest Columnist space here to reply to all cious ignorance of 100 my critics, I want to conyears of biblical scholfine my response to the letter that arship, especially the revelatory scholarly insights that have deepappeared in The Star April 7, under the signature of Prof. Edwin ened and enriched our understandYamauchi, a rightfully respected ing of early Christianity since the and distinguished New Testament remarkable discoveries in 1945 and 1947 of the Gnostic gospels and the scholar from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. Dead Sea Scrolls. The Jesus we get Prof. Yamauchi’s letter is itself a in Gibson’s movie, I said, despite demonstration of his scholarly crethe laudable use of the original landentials, for he cites numerous guage, reflects the systematic desources to defend his view that the Judification of Jesus that begins positions I take in my article “reprewith the vitriolic anti-Jewish prosent only one possible position.” nouncements in the Gospels of Matthew and John. There is little to There are scholars better informed than I (he writes) who date the nothing in this film to remind us Gospels much closer to the life of that Jesus lived his life as a devout rabbi of the Jewish faith and that he Jesus, argue that they are based on eyewitness testimony and that they went to his death steadfast in this are not inherently anti-Semitic. My same religious commitment. In characterization “represents the libGibson’s telling, Jesus is a Christian, as are his followers, to be eral position advocated by such skeptical scholars as Rudolf sharply distinguished from the venBultmann ...” Furthermore, Prof. omous Jewish priests and their rabble who are so intent on Jesus’ Yamauchi writes, I am “quite in death. The crux of my argument error” when I write, “We have no had nothing to do with Gibson’s non-Christian sources for the life distortion of his biblical sources. and death of Jesus. Jesus is not menOn the contrary, although I was tioned once in the writings of the fully aware of his several imaginahistorians of his day.” On the contive additions for dramatic effect, I trary, Prof. Yamauchi instructs, “we said he was faithful to the word and have important references in such spirit of his texts. Indeed, to a fault. Jewish sources as Josephus and the Despite the fact that he has made Talmud, and in Roman sources such the most dramatically compelling as Tacitus and Pliny the Younger.” I am not certain what it means or depiction of the death of Christ on what force it has to call my views film, his failure is enormous, for he representations of the “liberal posihas forfeited the opportunity to tion” on these issues. Is scholarship broadcast to the world the revelaon the historical roots of tions of this mine of scholarly Christianity so wholly motivated by work, revelations largely unknown political allegiances that we can to the general public. identify those who approach the There is a natural suspicion and resistance on the part of believers to data with a leftist agenda and those who approach it from the right? I scholarly investigations of the hismust ask Prof. Yamauchi from torical person, Yeshua of Nazareth, exactly what standpoint my posiand of the historical context for the tions are to be designated “liberal” emergence of Christianity. To treat and whether the use of such a the Gospels as human documents, descriptor does not reveal a distinct written by men with human ambibias of his own. tions and human motivations, As to the question whether mine responding to cultural influences and political circumstances is, many is the minority view among scholars that he implies, I invite my readers believers fear, to discredit their to study the works of scholars much divine origin. It is to dissolve their more recent than Bultmann, scholars authority as the word of God into on both sides of the disputed issues, yet another set of claims by flawed and arrive at their own count. If they men vying for our assent in the are curious about scholarly consendizzying competition for adherents. The greater the role for men in their sus, I think they’ll find that the categorization of my views by another authorship, the less the role for distinguished critic is much closer to God. To see the Gospels in their the mark: Prof. Gorman calls them human context is to be forced to representative of “the prevailing acknowledge what many believers scholarly orthodoxy.” seek at all costs to deny: that ultiIt is certainly not impossible that mate responsibility for my religious beliefs rests with me alone. No rev- a philosopher straying into the dark elation — in a text or in an immedi- catacombs of ancient biblical history might on occasion lose his way. ate experience — is strong enough Am I simply wrong to say that we to compel my assent. In the end, I must interpret the revelation; I must have no non-Christian sources for the life and death of Jesus, that give it the power to determine my there is no mention of Jesus in the belief. And this makes of religious historical writings of his day? Let faith the ultimate isolation. me consider in turn each of the four It was all the more surprising to

CAMPUS QUOTES “I don’t vote because I’m lazy. Habingreither sounds like a cooler name though.”

“The town’s great right now. I like the way things are being run, so I would say Habingreither.”

— Ben Palatiere political science junior

“I wasn’t even planning on voting. If I was, I believe more jobs are an important issue to address. Lowering tuition wouldn’t be a bad idea either.” — Jenna Nicholas mass communication sophomore

Gordon is the NEH Distinguished Teaching Professor in the Humanities and a Texas State philosophy professor.

Compiled by Alissa Shilander and Linda Smith

“I’m going to vote for Habingreither. If any candidate would be pro-student, it would be a professor from this school.”

— Katie Youngblood mass communication junior

sources Prof. Yamauchi cites. Josephus’ Jewish Antiquities is certainly an important source if the issue is whether Jesus of Nazareth actually lived. Unfortunately, however, it appears more than a half century after Jesus’ death and consists of two references, one a small portion of a sentence, the other, a full though brief paragraph, the authenticity of which is still questioned by many scholars. The authoritative collection of rabbinic writings called the Talmud is another important source, if we want confirmation of the fact that Jesus lived. But they are written 200 years after Jesus’ death; they are brief and sketchy, probably derive from Christian sources, show much creative reconstruction, including a forty-day warning period to Jesus of his execution, and place him in the wrong century. Of all the several Roman authors who make reference to Christ, Tacitus gives us the most precise information. In his Annals, written almost 100 years after Jesus’ death, this is what this source reveals: “The founder of this name, Christ, had been executed in the reign of Tiberius by the procurator Pontius Pilate.” A conscientious Roman administrator, Pliny the Younger writes a letter to the Emperor Trajan for directives on how to deal with the Christians. The letter is probably written about 112 AD. In it he makes two references to “the reviled Christ” and reports the practice of Jesus’ followers of meeting regularly before dawn and singing “antiphonally a hymn to Christ as if to a god” (carmenque Christo quasi deo dicere secum invicem). This is the totality of what we learn from Pliny about Jesus. None of these sources is contemporary with Jesus (some, indeed, are very far from that). All are brief and shallow. Perhaps the statement of mine that Prof. Yamauchi singles out as quite erroneous is ambiguous, for it can be taken to mean that there are no ancient non-Christian sources for the claim that Jesus actually lived and was actually executed. But this is not what I said. I said that we have no sources for knowledge of the life and the circumstances of the death of Jesus written by a non-Christian contemporary. These thumbnail references by people who wrote fifty to 200 years after Jesus hardly qualify for such knowledge. It is a testament to the paucity of materials we do have that so much is made of these fragments, though usually only by way of passing reference, as in Prof. Yamauchi’s letter, and very rarely in the explicit detail I have presented here. With all due respect to my colleague, whose reputation in the field of biblical research is well-earned, I find no reason in his remarks to amend my statement.

— Stephanie Heuman mass communication senior

“I’m looking at the candidates and I want to be sure to vote for the most honest politician, if there is such a thing.” — Leslie John business management sophomore

“I don’t vote even though I’m registered. I really feel like I’m outside society and don’t participate. Local elections count more than national elections though. If we had some real candidates then I would actually vote.” — Eugene Villarreal English junior

For whom will you vote in the May 15 mayoral election?


Candidates prefer to stay dry while founding fathers got their drink on BY IAN RAGSDALE ASSISTANT ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR The socialists in Russia had vodka. The revolutionaries in France had wine. In the United States, the Founding Fathers had beer. Today, it seems as if no one in public office is talented enough to both serve the country and operate a bottle opener at the same time. President George W. Bush is drier than the desert, in response to his earlier abuse of alcohol and cocaine. The left isn’t without its own abstainers — Democratic nominee Howard Dean swore off booze after his bachelor party left him with a killer hangover. Whatever happened to the likes of Thomas Jefferson, who, in addition to being the United States’ second president, was one of the country’s first wine connoisseurs who brewed beer out of his home? What about Abraham Lincoln’s statement, “I am a firm believer in the people … the great point is to bring them the real facts, and beer.” Who will stand up for beer today? Past presidents could hold office as well as their liquor. Ulysses S. Grant was a raging alcoholic and smoked five cigars a day. Lyndon Baines Johnson, while cruising around his Texas ranch, would drink scotch and soda out of white Styrofoam cups. John F. Kennedy was Irish Catholic. Grover Cleveland, when running for district attorney of Erie County in New York, made a deal with his friendly opponent to drink only four glasses of beer daily during the campaign. Deciding their ration too skimpy, the pair brought huge tankards to the saloon and christened them their “glasses.” During his presidency, Cleveland’s alcohol intake and fondness for tobacco led to mouth cancer. His habits did not seem to affect his work — he was elected twice as president. For most of our past, the people could rely on most any candidate to allow them their drink. But in 2004, with radicals on both sides racing to see who can propose the most Constitutional amendments, it might be time to step back and look at the presidential candidates through a new lens — beer goggles. Picking a president based on substance abuse may seem like a terrible proposition, but, with many third-party candidates to choose from, this has simply become a necessity. At first glance, third-party member Gene Amondson is the most likeable candidate — he does oil paintings, watercolors and woodcarvings, writes children’s stories and published a collection of his mother’s

TRENDS

Patriotism doesn’t require prohibition

The University Star

Thursday, April 29, 2004 Page 23

Louis LeSassier/Star illustration pie recipes. Unfortunately, Amondson is running for the Prohibition Party ticket. Fortunately for the rest of us, his party received an underwhelming 208 votes in the 2000 election. Good things don’t always happen to goodie-two-shoes, people. Amondson is the only one with a heartwarming platform. American Party candidate Diane Templin supports fewer taxes so Americans can buy homes and the Liberty Amendment so they will have job security, and rightly said, “people are fed up with Republican or Democrat.” She believes that, “our rights are our might, our votes are our voice — we have the privilege and the responsibility to make the right decision.” Templin also said she is a teetotaler, which any intelligent, inebriated fellow will tell you should be prohibited. That, of course, also throws out Bush and Dean. Most of the other conservative third-party candidates are probably abstainers or hard liquor aficionados, and not likely to admit to the latter. The left leaves more room for alcoholic speculation, even though their preferred substance is marijuana, which isn’t sold by Budweiser but sure wins votes. Everyone from NORML to High Times is sure to publish an election guide, and among third-party candidates, the freewheeling Libertarians are already in the lead, especially entertainment industry high-roller Aaron Russo. Russo hits trouble since his most famous supporter was Robert Atkins, who would not have approved of the carbs in beer. If beer’s good enough for George Washington, it’s good enough for you, so avoid this man’s name in November. Sadly, hippies these days are just as likely to be yuppies, which means controversial Americans are probably con-

cocting rebellion with the help of Smirnoff and peach schnapps. That’s not quite the same as when Samuel Adams, John Hancock, Paul Revere and other Sons of Liberty met over brews at the Green Dragon Tavern to stir up rebellion against England. Mike Ross, however, would fit right in at a Founding Fathers kegger. Of the many candidates e-mailed regarding their choice of intoxicant, only Libertarian Ross gave a personal response. He vigorously claimed his stance on alcohol, saying that his favorite brew is “the cheapest booze in the place,” and, in the case of a tie, “then the one with the highest alcohol content wins.” Now this is a candidate who supports the real traditional values of the United States. Alcohol has always been important here, but no one wants to lay claim to that today. Before hauling the pilgrims to Plymouth, the Mayflower transported alcohol between Spain and England. The “Star-Spangled Banner” was written to the tune of a drinking song. Johnny Appleseed wasn’t distributing apple seeds so women could make pies — it was so hard-working Americans could make hard cider. The importance of beer doesn’t mean that anyone should get drunk and forget to wobble to the polling booth this year. It does mean we shouldn’t forget that the bill for a celebration party for the 55 drafters of the U.S. Constitution was for 54 bottles of Madeira, 60 bottles of claret, eight bottles of whiskey, 22 bottles of port, eight bottles of hard cider, 12 beers and seven bowls of alcohol punch large enough that “ducks could swim in them.” Responsible patriotism doesn’t require prohibition — in fact, it just might require a few sips of bourbon, the United States’ national liquor.

Alcoholic facts • Jimmy Carter legalized home brewing in 1979, ushering in the age of microbrews. • Napa Valley wine country has replaced Disneyland as California’s No. 1 tourist destination, with 5.5 million visitors per year. • Lincoln’s guard at Ford’s Theatre left his post to get a beer, allowing John Wilkes Booth to assassinate the president. Another reason to remember to drink responsibly! • Jimmy Carter’s brother, Billy Carter, cashed in on his fame as “first sibling” by putting his name on a beer can. Cans of the short-lived Billy Beer are now collector’s items. • Bill Clinton drank Hemp Golden Beer, a brew flavored with hemp seeds, on Air Force One, causing a drug-war public relations storm. • In 17th-century Colonial America, almost every family did its own home brewing.

Presidential favorites • Gin and tonic (Gerald Ford) • Martini (Herbert Hoover) • Rum and Coke (Richard Nixon) • Scotch or brandy (Franklin Roosevelt) • Bourbon (Harry Truman)

happenings

SAN MARCOS Cheatham Street Warehouse TONIGHT: Django Walker FRIDAY: River Train SATURDAY: Monte Montgomery SUNDAY: Grant Mazak Band

Triple Crown TONIGHT: Hard To Make A Living (6 p.m.); Goodbye Lo-Fi, The Murdocks, Captain Clyde (9 p.m.) FRIDAY: Los Gallos (6 p.m.); Fluffers Union, The Good Looks (9 p.m.) SATURDAY: Word Association (10 p.m.) SUNDAY: Open mic Lucy’s on The Square TONIGHT: Kallisti Gold, Pusifier FRIDAY: Vallejo, Animus SATURDAY: Spoke Sin Wheel, Close Call SUNDAY: Battle of the Bands

NEW BRAUNFELS Saengerhalle TONIGHT: Open mic FRIDAY: Rodger Wilko SATURDAY: Mickey & The Motorcars Gruene Hall TONIGHT: Jake Andrews (7:30 p.m.) FRIDAY: Seth James (8 p.m.) SATURDAY: Tracie Lynn (1 p.m.); Charlie Robinson (9 p.m.) SUNDAY: Tucker Livingston (12:30 p.m.); South Austin Jug Band (5 p.m.)

AUSTIN Emo’s TONIGHT: Blonde Redhead, Secret Machines (outside stage); Octopus Project, DJ Fukysuk (inside stage) FRIDAY: Eyedea and Abilities, Blueprint, Grayskul, Los Nativos SATURDAY: The Fall, Low Flying Owls, Rhythm of Black Lines (outside stage); Cutthroats .09, Speedloader, Suburban Terror Project (inside stage) SUNDAY: Lil Captain Travis, Baptist Generals, Will Johnson La Zona Rosa TONIGHT: Chris Robinson & New Earth Mud SATURDAY: Robert Cray Band

Toobies ensures fun, safety when tubing BY BRANDON COBB TRENDS REPORTER Emerging from final exams signals the end of another arduous semester and the beginning of summer. That means summer concerts, parties and days spent floating on the river. It also means finding a safe and reliable way to haul yourself and your drunken rabble of friends around. Toobies Tube-N-Ride is the answer to all your summer transportation needs. Already a familiar sight at Don’s Fish Camp, Toobies is now offering charter bus service with the same, unique

character that sets it apart from other tube rental outfits. Just in time for the impending heat wave, Toobies will begin tube rentals at Don’s Fish Camp May 1 and will continue through October. Charter service is available any night of the week, and Toobies’ newly renovated “church bus” comfortably accommodates as many as 35 people with plenty of room in the back for a keg. Toobies is the brainchild and property of Bryan McPeak, Texas State management senior, and has been a raging success as the business enters its second season. Toobies has already been char-

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tered for bachelor and bachelorette parties, birthdays, trips to Lake Travis and last year’s raging Red Hot Chili Peppers show in San Antonio. Andrew Green, psychology senior, does the driving for the business and has seen his fair share of debauchery onboard, but admits that safety is still

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TRENDS/MUSIC

Star staff semester CD picks Men’s magazine aims to prove

24 - The University Star

Scooter Hendon Managing Editor

Terry Ornelas Ent. Editor

Ian Ragsdale Asst. Ent. Editor

David Doerr News Editor

Brad Sherman Photo Editor

Matt Rael Design Editor

that guys are shopaholics, too

Kool Keith - Dr. Dooom Heiroglyphics - Full Circle Creedence Clearwater Revival Green River The Birthday Party - Hee – Haw Shellac - At Action Park

The Postal Service - Give Up Jon Spencer Blues Explosion Orange Guitar Wolf - Jet Generation Kick the Can Crew - Magic Number The 6ths - Wasps’ Nest

Heartache is Boring – Ainjel Emme Real Heroes – Greetings from Russia Erykah Badu – Worldwide Underground Tori Amos – Tales from a Librarian The Sleepy Jackson – Lovers

Erykah Badu - Worldwide Underground Wes Montgomery - Smokin’ at the Half-Note Miles Davis - Panthalasa Roy Hargrove - The RH Factor: Hard Groove Otis Redding - The Best of Otis Redding

Brandon Cobb Music Reporter

Integrity - Humanity is the Devil Sepultura – Arise Casualties - On The Front Line Lust of Decay - Infesting the Exhumed Bo Hansson - Lord of the Rings

Iron and Wine - Our Endless Numbered Days The Shins - Chutes too Narrow John Vanderslice - Cellar Door Modest Mouse - Good News for People who Love Bad News The Darkness - Permission to Land

Krystal Mercer Music Reporter

Postal Service – Give Up Stereolab – Margarine Eclipse Lost in Translation – SRT Explosions in the Sky – The Earth is Not a Cold Dead Place Cat Power – You Are Free

Elliott Smith - Figure 8 The Mars Volta - De-Loused in the Comatorium Murdocks Incubus - Crow Left of the Murder Blink-182

Pink Floyd – The Wall Sublime – 40 oz to Freedom Outkast – Speakerboxxx Blue October – Preaching Lies to the Righteous NIN – Pretty Hate Machine

Kanye West - The College Dropout Cee-Lo Cee-Lo - Green Is The Soul Machine Ghostface - The Pretty Toney Album Royce Da 5’9 - Death Is Certain Twista - Kamikaze

Gift of Gab – Fourth Dimensional Rocketships Going Up Outkast – The Love Below/Speakerboxxx Wolfsheim – Spectators The Cure – Pornography Depeche Mode – Music for the Masses

Atmosphere- Seven’s Travels Radiohead - Ok computer Ultra Chilled Compilation CD Vol.2 Deftones - White Pony Paul Oakenfold – Ibiza

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WILL MATCH ANY LOCALLY PRICED AD ON LIQUOR

Jonathan Marin Music Reporter

Paul Lopez Music Reporter

Jeff Miller Music Reporter

Just how vain, materialistic, shallow, acquisitive, weakwilled, flat-out stupid and totally lame are men, anyway? At least as much so as women, if not more. That’s the conclusion to be drawn from Cargo, the new magazine put out by publishing empire Conde Nast that promises to deliver the 411 on “the greatest in clothes, tech, grooming, gear, culture, cars and more.” Cargo, which calls itself “the new buyers’ guide for men” and promises “your money well spent,” owes its existence to Lucky, the Conde Nast women’s “magazine about shopping” that was launched in 2000, and moves about 900,000 copies a month. As the Y-chromosome counterpart to Lucky, Cargo is the latest exhibit in a disturbing trend in the disposable-income world of consumer capitalism: As far as marketers are concerned, men are the new women. This winter there was a spate of “male Bridget Jones” novels such as Kyle Smith’s Love Monkey and Scott Mebus’ Booty Nomad, each a guy-targeted response to the burgeoning “chick lit” genre. Last year saw the success of The Metrosexual Guide to Style, whose subject was the fashion- and culture-conscious fellow — formerly known as a fop, or dandy — who has “taken himself as his own love object.” And of course, there’s Queer Eye for the Straight Guy, a gay pop-culture breakout bonanza, for sure, but also a signal to the

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slovenly heterosexual male that it’s OK to desire designer threads and cough up cash for disgusting hair-care products without your sexual orientation being called into question. For years now, men’s magazines have been following the distaff model in offering endless, better-living-without-seeminggirly guides. The current Esquire with Johnny Depp on the cover, for instance, offers “17 Ways to Live Longer and Stronger,” and couches its weight-loss advice in macho swagger: “Damn Good Advice on How to Work Out, Lose Weight & Eat Like a Caveman.” But along with the self-help advice, monthlies such as Esquire, GQ and Details still feature a lengthy article or two and a photo spread of a bodacious babe, both men’s-magazine staples since a light bulb went off in Hugh Hefner’s head in 1953. (Brit-born lad mags such as Maxim and FHM have lately hijacked the market by shortening the articles and increasing the cleavage.) Cargo, though, chucks that time-honored formula, betting that men want what Lucky readers want: to buy things. So the current issue, whose cover features a grinning guy preparing to reach for an MP3 player strategically placed within the confines of a bikini bottom, dispenses with both the cheesecake photos and the admirable journalistic exercises. What’s left is a series of product guides, complete with price details and Web site or 800-number ordering info. You don’t have to pretend you buy Cargo for the

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articles, because there aren’t any articles. So instead of, say, the fawning profile of Viggo Mortensen found in the April GQ, Cargo gives us arguments for the virtues of Oxen Workwear pants, for their crotch-exaggerating quality — “If clothes make the man, shouldn’t yours make you wellendowed?” There’s an MP3player buying guide that, wouldn’t you know, winds up recommending all 26, because they’re all good in their own way. Plus, we get tips on how to rock that untucked-shirt look favored by such style mavens as Elijah Wood and Jack Osbourne. Cargo is more of a catalog than a magazine, with opportunities to purchase everything from a George Nakashima coffee table (available for approximately $35,000 at www.modernegallery.com) to “thong socks” to help keep your feet warm (and make you look like a complete dork) while wearing flip-flops ($9 at Birkenstock.com). As with Lucky, there are a bunch of handy stickers to mark things you might want to purchase. And while the content is pretty much indistinguishable from the ads, there are plenty of those, too — 99 pages’ worth in the debut issue, a sign that Madison Avenue ad execs are bullish on Cargo’s prospects. As well they should be. The first tenet of the philosophy behind Lucky and Cargo is that women and men aren’t all that different; they just want different things. And the second, which I fear is correct, is that people don’t really want to read, anyway. They just want to shop.

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TRENDS

Time management key to getting through finals

Thursday, April 29, 2004

BY NIKKI DAWSON TRENDS REPORTER

Finals. The word alone can strike fear into the hearts of many college students nearing the end of the semester. However, prescribing to several exam week recommendations can ease the stress brought on by multiplechoice questions, essays and oral exams. Although relaxation would seem to be the antithesis of what you should be doing during finals, it is one of the key ingredients to staying sane. Taking some time to go on a leisurely walk or bicycle ride are great ways to release the tension one accumulates during this hectic week. It is also important to keep a positive attitude, no matter how bad things may get. Think back to that mandatory Speech Communication class and the term “self-fulfilling prophecy” — “If you tell yourself you will do well, chances are, you will.” Having a positive attitude during exams will stave off anxiety. One should stay away from people with high-anxiety levels because their nervousness may rub off. When preparing for an exam, one should never wait until the last minute to cram because it will be impossible to cover everything that may appear on the exam. Create a schedule the week before exams begin to allow ample time to study. Block out hours of those days and designate them for studying.

Chris Sipes/Star illustration Between all the studying, remember to allow time for breaks to avoid burnout. After you have learned the basic concepts for the final, quiz yourself at random moments throughout the day. Driving to campus, walking to class, taking a shower and exercising are perfect opportunities to review material. This will emphasize what you have learned and help assure yourself that you know the concepts. When studying, it is better to break up the material into manageable portions. This does not mean study history and political science back-toback. Instead, study history, Spanish and political science. This way you are not studying similar subjects and confusing the material. The night before exams typically means staying up all night cramming for the test.

However, this method can actually decrease one’s ability to retain and synthesize information. The night before a final exam should be spent reviewing only the information that has already been learned. To avoid wasting time, keep away from typical distractions such as parties, movies, dining out, television and the Internet. This will help prevent staying up late cramming. Finally, avoid stimulants such as caffeine pills, diet pills and speed, and do not take medications prescribed to other people such as Adderall. Even though finals are stressful and hectic, keep in mind it also marks the beginning of summer break. If you allow yourself plenty of time to study, then you can reward yourself with a relaxing day of doing nothing but soaking up the sunshine as you float down the river.

The University Star - 25

Local bookstores offer cash for texts BY KRYSTAL MERCER TRENDS REPORTER

The most joyous season of the academic school year has finally arrived! Not only do we have two months of carefree fun in the sun to look forward to, but we also anticipate the return of mucho pocket cash we all invested into our textbooks at the beginning of the semester. Unfortunately, the whole sum is never fully surrendered to the book reseller. In the past, the top three student bookstores in San Marcos have been Rother’s, Colloquium and the University Bookstore. Rother’s and Colloquium are owned by the Nebraska Book Company; therefore, their rates are the same. The best time to resell a textbook is immediately after finals, since publishing companies are constantly revising textbooks. Each store needs to meet a quota, and until it is met they can offer as much as 50 percent of the original used price, depending on the condition of the textbook. Colloquium is located at 302 University Drive, and Colloquium Too is at 700 N. LBJ Drive. Rothers has undergone a change of ownership and name to Colloquium (Nebraska Book Co.) and is located at 425 N. LBJ Drive. Visit www.bobcatbooks.com to see what other services Colloquium provides. The University Bookstore, located on the 2nd floor of the LBJ Student Center, offers about 50 percent on used book buy-backs, which equals about 70 percent of the price one might have spent if they bought it used. The prices change depending on the need of the textbook at the university. Bookstore Manager Doug Tasch suggests students sell back their books as soon as possible, because if a student

Where does the money go? • The author of the textbook receives 11.4 cents. This is a royalty payment from which the author pays off his research and writing expenses. • Seven cents serve as an after-tax income, which pays for new product development, author advances, market research and dividends to stockholders. • The publishers, which pay for the paper, printing, editorial costs, all manufacturing costs from editing to distribution, storage, record keeping, billing, publishers’ offices and employee salaries and benefits, receive 31.9 cents. • The college store’s personnel get 11.5 cents. • 1.4 cents is for shipping. • 5.6 cents is for the store’s operations, such as paying insurance fees, utilities, building and equipment rent and maintenance, accounting and data processing, charges and other overhead to be paid by the business. • 6.1 cents (pre-tax) is for the store’s income. This also varies from whether the establishment is owned by an institution of higher education (such as the Texas State Bookstore), a cooperative, a foundation or private individuals. • 15.2 cents go toward the publisher’s marketing costs, which materialize in advertisements, promotions, professors’ free copies and the publisher’s field staff. • 9.9 cents are for the publishers and their general administrative practices. This includes federal, state and local taxes and excludes sales tax.

waits until the end of summer there may not even be a class left which requires use of the book. They both have competed with higher buy-back percentiles, but there is always a reaction of confusion (and mostly anger) as to where the dollars we do not receive back have gone. A helpful diagram posted on the upstairs wall of the University Bookstore informs customers as to how every dollar is divided and

distributed toward different facets of the book-biz. Every year, it seems there is at least one book bookstores refuse to buy back because it is outdated or the class curriculum has changed. Even in this situation, there is a possible way to collect. Half-Price books will purchase these stragglers, as long as they are in decent condition, and there isn’t already a surplus on the shelf. Half-Price Books is located at 900 Bugg Lane.


TRENDS/MUSIC

Pick-your-professor sites Echo Base explores only as good as their contents musical map of sound

26 - The University Star

BY CHRIS ROBINSON SENIOR REPORTER

Oh, to be a freshman again. There is a pleasant feeling, like winning a small lottery, which comes with the option to not take classes on Fridays. And usually that decision is coupled with the choice of which professor to not spend the extra day with. But, as the saying goes, “It’s lonely at the top.” There is a reverse correlation between the steadily increasing ascent up Mt. Academia and the declining number of professors willing to meet you along the way. That is, the more advanced the class, the less likely multiple professors will teach it. Web sites such as Pick-AProf.com and RateMyProfessors.com, in their pursuit to provide open season on the good, the bad and the ugly in academia, fail to acknowledge this simple truth. It’s a self-defeating principle to offer professor evaluations if there are no alternative options, anyway. And this says nothing of how the online forums may undercut the official performance surveys that are conducted at the end of each semester. Other university grading sites such as WhoToTake.com and TeacherReviews.com have crumbled under the pressure of litigation by professors who felt their reputations were smeared by online accusations. Nevertheless, Pick-A-Prof and its ilk continue to gain steam in both the media and on the lips and hearts of students. But is there really a secret to evading the burdens of potentially unqualified or overbearing professors? Naturally, Pick-A-Prof and RateMyPro-

fessors would like us to think so. Here are the goods:

Cost At $10 a year, Pick-A-Prof has a firm understanding of its demographic. Joe College Student who ate Ramen for breakfast should not have much difficulty swinging the cost for this site. RateMyProfessors, though, offers limited access to reviews at no cost. An optional gold membership is only $7 a year and it provides complete access to every review and also has a more thorough professor search engine. Student Reviews Despite the perfect diction and well-organized thoughts presented in Pick-A-Prof’s sample reviews, the majority of the actual content is little more than insipid bits of complaining that fail to represent actual university-level education. “SWTPartyGirl69” has a right to her opinion, but that doesn’t make it accurate. RateMyProfessors also suffers from this wellspring of ignorance, although a quick skim of the reviews drew a significantly smaller count of exclamation points and flagrant capitalization. Ultimately, these sites are only as effective as their reviews, which is a shame because the majority of them are from students who appear to be compelled to write more out of a personal vendetta than anything else. It may be in the sites’ best interest to hire a few freelancers to provide professional write-ups on the professors, a la Amazon.com’s product reviews. Additional Features Pick-A-Prof includes a complete faculty list and a break-

down of the most recent grade averages from his courses. The list is presented in a horizontal bar graph that also includes the total number of students, as well as the percentage of those who dropped the class. There is also a Professor Support System, but Texas State’s Blackboard program already covers all those bases. Aside from a more colorful professor rating system that playfully includes a “hotness” rating, RateMyProfessors has no additional features.

Accessibility Pick-A-Prof is more sterile than an operating room. It has a bland page design that is both clunky and awkward. It has the lion’s share of information but not much else. RateMyProfessors, however, is easy to maneuver and visibly gears each quality of its Web site with its audience in mind. Final Exam The whole online grading system is a nice idea, but at this point, it can only provide as well as the information that students put in. In the case of Pick-A-Prof, these are only the few students who are willing to pay for the privilege to submit their reviews. The issue of differentiating between the reviews as helpful criticism or outright slander is a sordid, vicious affair that has already left two victims in its wake. Likewise, it’s difficult to determine whether the review was written out of malicious intent or if the user genuinely wanted to inform other students. There may be a few gems buried in the trash heap of opinions, but chances are the same information could be found just as easily by asking around at the professor’s department.

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BY CHRIS ROBINSON SENIOR REPORTER The lilting, spacey melody of the song “Glitchopolis” poured over a crowd that had only just started to form a jagged semi-circle around the stage Friday at The Parish. A screen flickering skewed images of forest canopy and midnight cityscapes complimented the rich, organic sounds the band produced. It was only after Echo Base Soundsystem had smoothly rounded out its second song that Phil Hernandez (melodica and microkorg) proceeded with the introductions. For all intents and purposes, Echo Base can be described as a “dub” band. Its sound is reminiscent enough of that trembling, subversive cousin of reggae to at least partially warrant the label, but in truth, its personal style is entirely too intrepid for any standard classification. “It’s not traditional dub by any means,” said Pete Neonakis (Rhodes and MS2000), in an interview before the band’s performance. “We start off with the framework and then from there we incorporate (many other elements).” These influences leap from classical composers to electronica and soundtracks. There are even certain guitar melodies that sound tastefully lifted from Sergio Leone’s The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. “Anything goes,” Neonakis said. “Our influences are all over the map.” The band’s self-titled debut album was released last year right before South By Southwest. The album, a soothing plunge through vivid sonic landscapes, took three years to make. It was published under Seedknowledge Records, an independent label formed by members of Echo Base and its sister band Alpha Rhythm. According to Neonakis, the record label is something of an umbrella for unifying and protecting the bands’ creative output. “We have complete creative control,” said Andrew Gerfers (drums). “We use local producers and local studios that are friends of ours. We did it on a friendly basis; it wasn’t like there was tons of money involved.” While an issue, Neonakis stressed that wealth is hardly the goal of Echo Base. “(We) make music because we love it and with no reason other than that,” Neonakis said. “We had no other aspirations besides making

Courtesy photos music. That’s why we got together; that’s what we do. We work really well together and, in my opinion, we make beautiful music.” But the album is merely a warm-up for Echo Base’s live performance. It’s a dress rehearsal where the sound precariously melts out of the speakers, as opposed to blasting forward with unscripted, gut-trembling reverb. The quintet prides itself on paving new melodic paths, and those accomplishments are best demonstrated live. “We’re rooted in musical exploration,” Neonakis said. “We have a roadmap and we know where we’re going, but we’ll take a dirt road and check it out and then after a while we’ll get back on our melodic highway. I feel sorry for bands without that freedom of expression.” Following the album release, Echo Base toured the West Coast during the summer. The band has recently completed the Forces Unseen Tour, which consisted of an 18-day trip up the East Coast and ended at this year’s SXSW. Although the frenetic setup of SXSW’s  See ECHO, page 32

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TRENDS/MUSIC

2nd round proves successful Vex defies metal definition for The Jon Stringer Show

Thursday, April 29, 2004

The University Star - 27

BY IAN RAGSDALE ASST. ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR

BY MATT ISAM TRENDS REPORTER Comedy is only at its best when it is considered the best, especially when it comes to The Jon Stringer Show. The show was once again a success and gave everyone who saw it a different view on comedy. Executive producers Matt Albright and Matt Albrecht did a good job putting the show together, especially dealing with the absence of Jon Stringer. The hard work it took to make this show happen was immeasurable. Everyone who saw it last semester felt good about this show, as well. “It was different. Everyone left with a smile, which is why we do this,” Albrecht said. The creativity of all the skits was awesome, and they flowed well. The show kept the audience’s attention the whole time, and the cast did an excellent job staying in character and keeping up with the fast-paced tempo of the show. Everyone was well prepared and seemed to have a lot of passion for what they were doing. One of the skits that took place was set in prison involving Martha Stewart, Kobe Bryant and Rosie O’Donnell, which was absolutely hilarious. Actor Calvin Robertson, who played Kobe Bryant, felt really confident about the skit. “Comedy is something that everybody needs,” Robertson said. Writer John Clarke gets the credit for coming up with the Martha Stewart script and was involved with other skits as well.

Courtesy photo A skit from The Jon Stringer Show. Although Stringer wasn’t involved in any of the live skits, his presence was made via video clips that played a huge part in the overall show. Most of the cast members are theatre majors at Texas State. All of them are heavily involved in the department and are involved in as many shows as possible. The Jon Stringer Show will continue each semester at Texas State, so everyone who didn’t get a chance to see this show will have another chance in the fall. “Even if Jon doesn’t come back, we will still put something together every semes-

ter,” Albright said. Anyone who would like to be involved with future shows — whether it be to act or just help out — contact Albright or Albrecht at Stringershow@yahoo.com. Everyone who spent the $2 for a ticket should know that it was money well spent and for a good cause. The cast will donate all of the money made from the show for a theatre scholarship in the name of Larry Hovis. Hovis, of 1960s Laugh-In and Hogan’s Heroes, was a theatre instructor at Texas State who passed away last year.

Those who don’t know the difference between black, death, speed, grind and thrash metal should have no problem with Vex. This band defies cookie-cutter heavy metal categorization by combining elements of many styles into something that can only be called “extreme.” “Our goal is to make extreme metal that is dynamic and interesting to listen to,” said Ciaran McCloskey, Vex guitarist and English senior. “We use a lot of influences,” said Owen McCloskey, Ciaran’s brother, Vex’s drummer and an English freshman. “It’s not possible to say we are black metal or death metal.” Vex originated in San Angelo in 1998 — nice longevity for a band that exists in the underground — and has spent the past six years gigging around Texas and Mexico, sharing the bill with such highprofile acts as Deicide, Immolation and Crematorium. In addition to the McCloskey brothers, the lineup includes Ted Evans on vocals, Bill Edgar on bass and Harvey Barquera on guitars. With band members split up between San Angelo, San Marcos and Austin, practice time and space is hard to come by, but the band still finds time to jam, record and play for audiences statewide. Recently, Vex has been busy laying tracks for its first LP, Thanatopsis, and Saturday it played Cardi’s in Houston on a bill with nine or 10 other Texas metal bands. Even though metal is under most people’s radar, there are a lot of bands around and a lot of opportunities to sound like

Courtesy photo every other group. “A lot of metal bands stay stuck in the underground or reformat their music to go popular,” Ciaran said. “We want to make music that is listenable and moves us. I hope that we don’t ever write something just for a bigger audience.” So exactly what sound is Vex going for? Metal-heads may make some sense out of its laundry list of mostly European metal influences — Iron Maiden, Slayer, Dissection, Carcass, Morbid Angel, early Opeth, Vader, Emperor — but for non-initiates, the band’s Web site (www.vexhomepage.com) puts it pithily: “The end result is akin to a dark journey into one’s own psyche.” Aside from a lifestyle of boom and doom heavy metal, Owen finds time to be a huge Rush fan. He was even wearing a Rush cap over his long hair at the time of the interview. “I listen to a lot of forms of music,” Owen said. “The musicianship of the drumming can transcend the type of music. There can be good drumming in metal just as in jazz.” “It’s about the kind of emotion a band brings out,” Ciaran added. “We try to bring out the

same emotions (as in popular music) in an extreme-metal format.” Band member bios on the Web site admit that some of the group’s other favorite bands include plainly non-metal artists such as U2 and Duran Duran, and the McCloskeys said they grew up listening to and enamored by the Beatles. Vex even goes so far as to jam on the blues during practice sessions. All that doesn’t sound very hardcore, but it doesn’t bother them at all. “We would be happy making music in any style,” Ciaran said. “Metal just happens to be our favorite style right now. The speed, the aggression, the power; there is nothing like it.” There are also the fans. “The San Marcos metal scene is good,” he said, even though “it’s mostly high school kids and older guys who don’t go to college. There’s great attendance at shows in San Marcos — kids really get into it.” Anyone who wants to get into it can see Vex play May 5 at the Backroom in Austin. More information is available on its Web site www.vexhomepage.com.

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28 - The University Star

O’Doyle Rules produces goofy rock on album O’Doyle Rules’ latest music album, No Place Else To R E V I E W Go, is a dorky, «««« goofy take on O’Doyle Rules traditional No Place Else To Go rock styles, Independent release interlaced with humor and sarcasm. By no means does this mean that it’s a bad album; au contraire, mon freres, this release rocks steady. In the style of Green Day and Blink-182, O’Doyle Rules combines some damned fine guitar work and kickass drums with its particular brand of skewed hilarity. Granted, the two aforementioned bands went lame and mainstream, but you have to appreciate what it is that they were trying to remind rock fans everywhere of — Stop being so f**king serious! And O’Doyle does a great job of bringing that idea back to the forefront. From the opening track to its “secret” songs, O’Doyle Rules does a chuckleful job of crooning and wailing, singing of the woes of hate, envy and failure, but laughing about it. Make no mistake; this band has no desire to take the B.S. of everyday life seriously. For example, one song is titled “Never Date Anyone on Prozac.” And in the song “Mexico,” the lead singer complains of “La diarrea me quema,” which is open to interpretation (I don’t speak Spanish), and asks his girl to “shake her maracas.” Oh yeah, and the band covers “Punk Rock Girl” by the Dead Milkmen and do it absolute justice. “No Place Else To Go” is delightfully cheesy and ridiculous, and at the same time it’s some f**king good rock. And, man, that hidden song is just retarded hilarity. If you get a chance to pick this one up, do so. It’s a good album to laugh at, get drunk with and laugh at some more. How cool is this? From the back of the CD cover: “All songs copyrighted by O’Doyle Rules — unauthorized reproduction will result in bad things happening to you, verbal abuse, and is a violation of applicable laws — dude.” — Jeff Miller

Album represents Dylan’s beginning On the heels of his music seminal 1964 release The R E V I E W Times They «««« Are A-ChaBob Dylan nging, Bob Live 1964 - Concert Dylan perPhilharmonic Hall formed one of The Bootleg Series his greatest Vol. 6 early concerts Columbia-Legacy a t Philharmonic Hall on Halloween night that same year. At the tender age of 23, Dylan had already become one of folk music’s premiere attractions, garnering praise from critics and performers alike. This two-disc set, the latest in a series of bootleg concert recordings, is a completely re-mastered recording that features the performance in its entirety, complete with onstage banter with the crowd and guest performer Joan Baez. Dylan is witty and insightful, interacting warmly with a crowd of reverent fans who hang on every note. This concert captures Dylan in mid-transformation from folk political satirist to surly rock icon. Songs that had already become classics in their day take on a new tone under the weight of Dylan’s newly emerging sardonic bite. “The Times They Are AChanging” kicks off the disc complete with the earsplitting harmonica solos, blown at full force directly into the vocal microphone that Dylan was so fond of. Several tracks feature Baez accompanying Dylan with beautiful vocal harmonies; their rapport onstage is incredible. Dylan’s delivery is outstanding on almost every track, despite flubbing the words to several songs and at one point completely blanking on the words. This CD is a must for fans who yearn for the days when Dylan actually articulated and sang as opposed to his current “mumbled-spoken-word-poetry” vocal styling. The Concert At Philharmonic Hall features Dylan at the first of many creative crossroads and should delight fans of his early work. — Brandon Cobb

TRENDS/MUSIC

Jive Turkey creates lasting local dive

Thursday, April 29, 2004

BY KRYSTAL MERCER TRENDS REPORTER

Throughout the years, many businesses have popped in and out of existence within the San Marcos city limits. A lot of these establishments have lacked something very important to their own survival, may it be a decent location, comfortable and entertaining atmosphere or deals and specials that appeal to the interests of the student population. If the students aren’t supportive, it’s only a matter of time before the businesses are forced to close shop. In June 2003, entrepreneurs Tony Rodriguez and Matt Browning launched the opening of the restaurant Jive Turkey to the San Marcos public; as of now, business seems to be healthy and thriving. Located at 1400 Ranch Road 12, Jive Turkey has quickly evolved into a favorite local dive for many Texas State students. The building isn’t anything out of the ordinary. However, upon entering the parking lot, the first thing that caught my eye is its trademark mural: a zoot-suited “jiving” turkey that sports a toothy, mischievous grin and carries a sandwich. Instantly I sensed the uniqueness and novelty of the place, and realized this wasn’t about to resemble any mediocre dining experience I may have had at one of the town’s chain restaurants. I walked inside and seated myself, after being presented at the door with a bright orange paper menu, which (strangely) added to the low-key charm of the place. The walls possessed a rather homey, dorm-room ambiance, with framed movie posters and the evocative works of local artists. The wall hangings that stick out most poignantly in my memory are a construction paper collage of an iced out, medallion adorned Foghorn Leghorn and a Psycho poster autographed by “Norman Bates,” himself. On opposite

Andrew Nenque/Star photo Matt Browning, Jive Turkey co-owner, runs daily business operations in addition to cooking and serving food. Jive Turkey is located at the corner of Holland Street and Ranch Road 12. walls, TVs were mounted, catering to the television needs of both sexes, which is always a plus; one broadcasted sports and the other blared Friends. The time had come to order appetizers. From an elaborate list of seemingly delectable eats ranging from chicken wings to J.T.’s Jalapeno Bacon Cheese Fries, I kept it basic and ordered a small chips and queso with a beer. This was the single weak point of my dining experience. It was of good thickness and texture, but the cheesiness was overpowered by spices, cilantro to be exact. Though cilantro so happens to be the staple spice in many Mexican entrées, I only found it distracting. The chips were all right. The entrée list varied from moderately-priced warm sandwiches and burgers served with potato chips or fries to salads, but the descriptions of the sandwiches

really hit home. Having been known as the girl with the hallow leg, I ordered the two most popular sandwiches — the Jive Turkey Triple Decker and the SuperFly Sandwich. I may have been halfstarved at the time, but words can hardly describe what came out of that kitchen less than 10 minutes after ordering. The Jive Turkey Triple Decker is three layers of toasted buttered bread overflowing with grilled turkey and turkey pastrami, bacon, cheddar and Swiss cheeses, lettuce, homemade ranch dressing and — I nearly died from the sheer rapture of it — fresh guacamole. Perhaps I’ve been deprived of decent sandwiches my whole life, but this was pretty darn close to heaven. The SuperFly Sandwich consists of grilled ham and turkey, bacon, Swiss and smoked cheddar cheeses, lettuce, homemade ranch dressing with jalapenos (for the

shock value, I suppose) on a toasted hoagie roll. It wasn’t as divine as the Triple Decker; however, it most certainly did not disappoint. Other tempting menu items which have established a fine reputation, though I couldn’t possibly order after gorging two full entrées and an appetizer, are the Roast Beef and Swiss Sandwich, the Guacamole and Swiss Burger and the battered onion rings. The Roast Beef is self explanatory, except for the fact that it’s served with onions, lettuce, tomato and spicy brown mustard on marble rye. The Guacamole Burger is served the same way, only on a poppy seed Kaiser roll with a pickle spear. I can see where Jive Turkey has room for improvement, but I believe the little quirks of this business make it even more of a favorable and relaxed place to stuff your face while hanging out with friends. Jive Turkey opens daily at 11 a.m. and closes at 10 p.m.


TRENDS/MUSIC

Thursday, April 29, 2004

The University Star - 29

Christianity influential in American culture Cellar Door offers BY JEFF MILLER TRENDS REPORTER Christianity is the single most influential religion in the world, and nowhere is that fact more evident than in American culture. The United States has embraced this religion since its birth, in its politics as well as its households, from the marketing industry to the film industry, on all currency and on bumper stickers with fish and crosses. The appeal of Christianity to Americans was obvious from the start. Founded on the idea of religious freedom, or at least a freedom to worship God as the devout wished, the country that would be the United States already had deep-running roots in the monotheism of Christianity. First, the principle of American individuality was heavily influenced by the Christ’s theory of importance regarding one’s personal relationship with God, as opposed to any loyalty to a hierarchical institution that proclaims Divine Providence. During Jesus’ time on Earth, he challenged the popular notion of the Pharisees, who claimed superiority through status as Holy Men. This ultimately led to his demise and title as a Divine Martyr. That martyrdom is clear throughout the United States’ past, as a similar notion of direct conflict with the ideas of the ruling church was the foremost thought of the Founding Fathers. They disagreed with Anglican ideals of Christianity, as the Church of England placed much value on status and fiscal contributions, and the church was the law in Britain. The Founding Fathers wanted to be Britain’s polar opposite and separate the ideals of the Christian faith and government. This brought about the First

Amendment to the United States’ Bill of Rights, where “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free speech thereof” directly contrasting with England’s “Divine Right” doctrine, where the sovereignty rules under God and not the people. Ironically enough, the Declaration of Independence proclaims “a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence,” while the Constitution remains secular. As time progressed and the United States grew, one of the popular expansionist ideas of the mid-1800s was Manifest Destiny, or a Divine Approval of the aggressive westward land rush of that period. However, this illfated notion shattered many treaties with Native Americans, bringing about forced removal and the infamous Trail of Tears. This was a clear example of the unfortunate religious radicalism the United States has often allowed to occur. All these factors add up to the current trends in American society and politics. The United States identifies with Christianity to a level of fanaticism, basing the majority of her functions on a set of morals and values straight out of the Bible. As much as the United States claims secularity, the evidence is everywhere supporting a different notion. From the signing of the Declaration of Independence to the practice of televangelism, the United States has become as Christian a nation as possible while still declaring a separation of church and state. In order to understand just how the man named Jesus is the ideal for a broad span of American issues, take a moment to look at the history of the presidency. Most presidents of the United States have, at least to some

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degree, claimed their faith in the Judeo-Christian God. Indeed, presidents from the last 50 years alone typify the American ideal of a white, trustworthy male with a loving, churchgoing family. This ideal directly coincides with the image of Christ himself as savior. By putting a man of faith at the forefront of the nation, the United States lives the Bible vicariously in appointing martyrs at the helm of political policy, those willing to bear the brunt of American complaint and scrutiny. Not only that, but American culture can more easily identify with a leader who has the same religious upbringing as its own. One such leader is the current president, George W. Bush. A supposedly devout Christian family man, Bush has more than once ducked behind Biblical passages as justification for his policies. For example, his statement defending the attempt at banning gay marriage is “the union of one man and one woman,” which is an allusion to Mark 10:6 in the Bible. He has aligned himself with the religious right and leaned heavily on the alliance with Great Britain and Tony Blair, both being God-fearing Christian followers. Bush has repeatedly testified to the “evil” of the terrorists, and declared that “God is on our side,” a statement strikingly similar to those made during Manifest Destiny. One can easily detect the weight of Christian influence in everyday American culture, particularly in the Bible Belt of the South. A knock on the door might signify Jehovah’s Witnesses handing you literature from The Watchtower, their particular idea of God’s message. When walking down the street, you could notice a free newspaper kiosk. If you reach inside, you pull out a free issue of Signs of The Times, a

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Christian fundamentalist magazine with articles and stories describing rewards of being a good Christian. Watch television on Sunday morning and you are subjected to a barrage of weepy priests, pastors and other televangelists begging you for donations via an 800 number. A great irony here is the fact that Jesus spoke vehemently against the accumulation of material wealth, and to say that monetary donations are going to the Lord is nothing short of contradiction, if not outright blasphemy. Many government facilities close on Christian holidays, such as Easter and Christmas. So do supermarkets, private businesses and a large number of other establishments that operate on “regular” hours. There is no mail and you’re unable to purchase groceries because of some Christian holidays. In fact, the word “holiday” is Old English translated “holy day,” or Day of God. Even more Christian influence is apparent through the popularity of films such as The Passion of the Christ and The Matrix. The former is the grisly depictions of Christ’s demise for His blasphemous claims of holy lineage. The latter is a futuristic version of the idea of holiness and prophecy through Neo, a quasi-Christ in a society gone wrong. Both films were well received, and both put the martyr, one historical and one modernized, at the forefront, not as typical Hollywood heroes but as prophets and chosen ones meant to change the world. These are merely a few examples of Christianity’s vast sway over American culture and ideology. To continue this argument, one would have to attack the dogmatic slander and hypocrisy of extreme fundamentalists, and that would be enough to fill a book, much less a newspaper column.

slice of brilliance

Hungry for another Vanderslice of genius? Consider John Vanderslice’s music fourth album release, Cellar Door, a smorgasbord of obscure anecdotal lyrics R E V I E W and synthesized chefs d’oeuvre, if you «««« feel you can stomach the massive Vanderslice amount of brilliance compacted into Cellar Door Barsuk these 12 evocative tracks. Vanderslice released his first solo album, Mass Suicide Occult Figurines, in Summer 2000. After three additional album releases, he has since been labeled one of the great innovators of indie-rock and audio-gear aficionado for his ability to masterfully incorporate electronic elements with traditional accompaniments and his studio’s eclectic collection of synthesizers and recording equipment. As for Cellar Door, Vanderslice will not disappoint if you anticipate that familiar mix of baroque instrumentation and ornate synthetic riffs as found on previous albums. The opening track, “Pale Horse,” is the most lyrically poignant; the lines are adapted directly from English poet Percy Bysshe Shelly’s “The Mask of Anarchy.” The lyrics are not verbatim, yet Vanderslice resonantly chants above chopping acoustic guitars, a resounding viola and trumpet the following: “Rise like lions after a slumber/in greatly unknowable numbers/free the blood that must ensue/we are many and they are few.” “Up above the Sea” recounts an interesting situation involving a voyeuristic bluebird and an overly superstitious, trigger-happy narrator. The dominant instrumental attributes are a series of vintage synthesizers as well as a vibraphone, which reverberates behind Vanderslice’s voice as he describes the bluebird’s unusual observational tendencies. “Heated Pool and Bar” should satisfy the need for any political (anti-war) propaganda and/or pro-narcotic undertones for those who so desire them. Vanderslice made a ubiquitous point to mention Colombian rebels, Afghani poppy fields and Guantanamo within a single track. Over the top? Perhaps. Nevertheless, the dismal scenarios are met with a clashing buoyant musical score, involving flanged percussion and electric guitars. I haven’t intentionally neglected to mention the remaining tracks, the real meat of the album, but I feel that one cannot decipher the greatness of the work by means of a single musical critique. For one thing, the lyrics themselves were not the central focus of the artist. Vanderslice, along with a number of respectable studio engineers such as Scott Solter, who worked with Spoon and For Stars, and Chris Walla, who worked with Death Cab and Hot Hot Heat, devoted incalculable hours to create the intricate melodies and euphonious synth-sounds delicately meshed with experimental percussion. I hereby declare that acquiring Cellar Door is essential to upholding the respectability of any decent musical collection in existence. — Krystal Mercer


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Thursday, April 29, 2004

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TRENDS/MUSIC

Students explore Jewish faith Pain transforms into beauty

Thursday, April 29, 2004

BY IAN RAGSDALE ASST. ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR

“When I was younger, Christmas used to bother me so much,” said Rachel Brody, mass communication and theatre freshman. “But I realized that I love Christmas trees and Christmas lights and Christmas songs, so I got over it. Now I say ‘Merry Christmas’ more than most other people.” Brody was not going through holiday therapy when she related this story. She was talking about growing up Jewish in the melting pot of Clear Lake, a suburb south of Houston along I-45. Like many Jews before her, Brody had to face the reality of living in a world that is less than .04 percent Jewish and in a country that is more than three-quarters Christian. For Brody, whose mother was raised Orthodox and her father Reformed, her assimilation into mainstream American society seems complete. To the vexation of some of her Jewish friends, she dates outside of the faith, celebrates few of the holidays, rarely attends synagogue and says “Merry Christmas” throughout December. While the last infraction seems minor, it can cause cringes in the Orthodox Jewish culture, which asserts its differences from Christianity in ways that could be seen as radical. Because Christians pray on their knees, Jewish children are taught to never get down on two knees, even to reach for something under the sofa. In some Jewish schools, math teachers will use uppercase T’s for addition symbols so that they are never discovered making the sign of the

cross on blackboards. Despite her cheerful acceptance of non-Jewish society, Brody would like to investigate her heritage a little more. Her immediate family is predominantly secular, and she hasn’t consistently attended synagogue since she was in pre-school. Since then, she has developed a different appreciation for Judaism and would like to revisit her faith. “I would like to start going regularly to synagogue so I can make up my own mind about it,” she said. “I’m still working with the ideas I had about it when I was five.” Sam Ellison, an international studies freshman, is well adjusted to American life but keeps the Sabbath more often than Brody and follows the news out of Israel. He thinks the world gets a skewed view of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. “I have always been very Zionist in my background,” Ellison said. “News services like AP and Reuters make Israel out to be an evil power. Israel commits a lot of atrocities, but you don’t ever hear about the Palestinian affronts.” This position is sometimes criticized in the United States, but Ellison seems rather moderate in his views, if not outright accepting. “I think there should be a Palestinian state, but the United States will have to have an influence there,” he said. “A lot of regular Palestinians just want peace, but terrorists won’t be happy with just a state. They want to destroy Israel. (Everyone) must learn to coexist.” When asked about the desire of some ultraOrthodox Jews to raze

Islam’s Dome of the Rock in order to rebuild the Temple Mount, which by prophecy is necessary in order to summon the Messiah, Ellison shows dismay with some factions of his religion. “There have been rumored attempts of people trying (to destroy the Dome of the Rock), but I don’t think it will be moved. I don’t think Israelis really want that. (Israeli) extremists are no better than Palestinian terrorists,” he said. Coming back to American soil, Ellison finds that The Passion of the Christ controversy seems to be directed at the wrong issues. “I don’t look at (Mel) Gibson as some antiSemite,” he said. “He’s just trying to make a buck. If I were Christian, I’d have a problem with the commercialization of religion. Especially in the South, there are a lot of people making money off of faith.” When it comes to personal issues in Judaism, Ellison and Brody agree about the positive aspects of their faith, like the connections it gives them to their ancestors and its social aspects. Brody wishes she knew more about Jewish rituals so she could better understand her background, which includes Holocaust survivors. Ellison finds comfort in the close ties within Jewish society. “Wherever you go, there is a Jewish community,” he said. “Whether big or small, it is usually tightly knit.” With a smile, Brody agreed. “It seems like synagogue is a great place to make friends,” she said. If only all issues in religion were as simple and optimistic as that.

The University Star - 31

through Heartache is Boring Creativity can be a voracious beast that feeds on the music misery surrounding artists at times. Suffering through all R E V I E W the mental anguish, sorrow ««««« and general malaise of a parAinjel Emme Heartache ticularly bad run of luck can is Boring have its upsides, though, if Sparrowheart/ you can channel this misery Purocrema Records into your art. With her debut release, Heartache is Boring, Ainjel Emme transforms her bitter pain into a beautifully honest and intimate work that gives listeners the chance to wander the recesses of a troubled mind and battered heart. Emme’s songwriting touches on the overwhelming misery from watching a relationship disintegrate and the difficulty of tearing your gaze from the past and looking forward again. “Long as it’s Sweet,” the opening track, burns with all the guilty, libidinous beauty of our innermost desires.

Lyrics such as, “Can you promise me, that I won’t regret it/ Because if not, I’m going to do it until the daylight knocks in some sense,” reveal an insatiable appetite for a love that is less than perfect, but in the right context, completely gratifying. “A Fraction” burns the bridge of reconciliation and “smile(s) from the other side.” Love is complicated, and Emme’s songwriting tackles the intangible, confusing web of emotions that we suffer through. “Easier” creeps along on a funky bass riff that belies the insidiousness of the subject matter. “It’s easier to lose than keep fighting you/ I’ve got nothing left to prove,” Emme laments in the chorus. Heartache is Boring is a captivating work of honest and approachable songwriting and solid instrumentation. Emme’s unique, siren-like voice connotes all of the misery and anguish of experience, all the while giving a hint of the undying optimism lying underneath. — Brandon Cobb

Lost Trailers revitalizes country music sound Although it appears the evolution of country music music has adapted a sound leaning more toward progressive pop, R E V I E W The Lost Trailers’ debut ««« album, Welcome to the Woods, The Lost Trailers captures country music’s sigWelcome to the Woods nature sound integrated with Republic/ the familiar format of rock ’n’ Universal roll. The Atlanta band’s pursuit of stardom was triggered by the response of a fan — Willie Nelson. After listening to one of its early demos, Nelson took the band on tour as his opening act. “I asked him what it takes to be a successful musician, and he said, ‘if you build a house of quality in the woods, the world will beat a path to your doorstep,’” said vocalist Stokes Nielson in The Lost Trailers biography. Nelson’s words of wisdom inspired the title of the album, which is a reflection of life on the road, cleverly illustrating the experience to the listener.

While songs such as “Atlanta” and “West End” are depicted as favorable atmospheres, the tracks “Longfall” and “Down in the Valley” shine a black light on the West Coast, specifically Hollywood. “You’ll find out what you miss most when you’re out alone on the West Coast … the only tailgates I see down are loading smack and crack cocaine,” Nielson sings on “Longfall.” With the help of producer David Bianco, better known for his work on Tom Petty’s Wildflowers, Welcome to the Woods offers a sound defined through solid songwriting, southern rock melodies and the signature sound of country music. The only flaw Welcome to the Woods has is some of the melodies are slightly redundant, maybe causing a couple of yawns here and there (the tracks “Averly Jane” and “The Battery” could be the same song). But it won’t completely ruin your listening experience. — Anna Lisa Moreno

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32 - The University Star

Southern rock chick fails to deliver Truer Sound Floramay Holliday is a music 6-foot-tall southern-rock R E V I E W chick with a «« heart of gold Floramay Holliday Trouble and a and an album Truer Sound of bronze. Roseneath Records Although Trouble and a Truer Sound is the product of six years in the Austin circuit — and she bears the fruits of her labor in the form of guest appearances by Guy Clark and Asleep at the Wheel’s Ray Benson — she struggles to find a sound that is true and unique. Her uninspired lyrics (“I feel like I found it/I can’t put my hands around it”) seem to be redeemed for Sixth Street by flagrantly proclaiming allegiance to Texas, even though she is a

“Carolina Cowgirl,” and singing about the usual country life — C.B. radios, fishing and her sixstring. Holliday hasn’t a flair for picking up on the idiosyncrasies in this life and putting them to music, though, and it sounds as if she is only crooning about what she thinks her audience wants to hear. The artificial nature of this album makes it a little annoying, as though someone from Los Angeles tried to make the “perfect” country rock album for the Hill Country in order to make a buck, but forgot to give it life of its own. Her passion for music is apparent, and surely she strums up a room of hot-steppers during live performances, but this music devoid the musician falls a little flat. — Ian Ragsdale

Nashville star shines on Lone Starry Night On Lone Starry Night, music John Arthur Martinez REVIEW brings bilin««« gual ballads John Arthur Martinez about armadillos, mariachis Lone Starry Night Dualtone and señoritas, with all the soul that has come to be expected from a Texas troubadour. Having finished second place in the USA Network’s national talent competition, Nashville Star, Martinez is set to take off into the country music community, fearlessly experimenting with poetic lyrics set to traditional country combined with Western swing and tejano. The album is rich with energetic instruments, as if it was

recorded at a spontaneous Gruene Hall gig that included banjo, fiddle, a forlorn accordion and a traveling mariachi. Martinez thrives in the variety and Mexican spice and comfortably carries a tune whether singing tomes on Texas at spitfire pace or leisurely reminiscing about old San Antonio. His lyrics fall easily off the tongue, often transcending country music stereotypes, even when addressing the usual subjects of love, long drives and the Lone Star State. Like the best of them, he is a backyard storyteller whose tales all have meaning. Fortunately for us, his stories are set to a heavenly music that should win him acclaim at radio stations and dance halls across the South. — Ian Ragsdale

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TRENDS/MUSIC

Love is in the air?

Thursday, April 29, 2004

Relationship seek uses direct solicitation approach BY ERIC EDWARDS THE ORLANDO SENTINEL When single people think of dating, such words as romance, love and passion spring to mind. While those intangibles can be the foundation of any lasting relationship, in order to get there, one must embrace the rather unromantic notion of marketing. It’s sad to say, but a person’s singleness is a marketable commodity merely waiting for the right buyer. People looking for relationships aren’t terribly different from people looking for cars. No matter how much you might want a new ride, you aren’t going to go out and invest time or resources into getting one that doesn’t appeal to you. The same is true for relationships, so we take stock of our attributes and try to sell prospective buyers on what makes us a topof-the-line selection. We market ourselves in many ways. From the clothing we wear to the music we listen to, we’re sending messages to the dating pool about who we are and what we’re about. We douse ourselves in cologne; we gunk up our hair with sloppy goo; we spend an entire paycheck on one very fancy outfit that we know makes us look our best. That is basic packaging. A company might sell the best product in the world, but if the consumer is turned off by the label and never gives it a chance, that company

I was tired of meeting women who live in Kissimmee or Sanford, or worse. I live downtown, and so I decided to use the ‘direct’ solicitation approach — Dave placed fliers in order to get dates

is going to fail. Otherwise, Chanel perfume would be sold in plastic baggies rather than eye-catching bottles. There are many different approaches a person can take when trying to attract a suitable mate. Some spend their time at clubs bobbing their heads as if to rhythmically attract a lover. Some join church singles’ groups, hoping their spirituality will divinely interfere with their lonely nights. Those are both good ideas, but Dave from Orlando, Fla., uses another method that may be a more honest approach. Dave has placed yellow fliers on telephone poles at various locations in downtown Orlando in hopes of attracting a downtown dweller

such as himself. “I was tired of meeting women who live in Kissimmee or Sanford, or worse. I live downtown, and so I decided to use the ‘direct’ solicitation approach,” Dave tells me. “I have met a couple of women and have actually gone out on a date with a fellow Delaney Park woman, so I guess I would have to say the effort has been only mildly successful.” Whether or not Dave has experienced a resounding success, though, is not the point. The point is that he has decided to treat his personal dating aspirations as a business model and market to the audience with whom he feels compatible: downtown women who read fliers on telephone poles. And while it’s easy to jest at such methodology, Dave is able to spell out his needs and get the word out without the expense of the personal ads. His flier reads: SINGLE ... ELIGIBLE ... MAN ... DOWNTOWN DWELLER ... SEEKS DOWNTOWN WOMAN FOR DATING & POSSIBLE RELATIONSHIP. He goes on to say he is a fun, affectionate, Florida native in his mid-50s who is looking for an attractive, creative, willing woman in her 30s or 40s. Of course, it’s possible Dave is shooting for the stars, but then again, if you were looking to sell your car, you wouldn’t lowball on the advertised price either.

ECHO: Band’s style too bold for classification  Cont. from page 26

music events left plenty of room for improvement, the experience still lent Echo Base the opportunity to connect with other bands, some of which included Signal Path, Particle, Telefon Tel Aviv and even The Flaming Lips. Well, sort of. “I stepped in a puddle that Wayne from The Flaming Lips stepped in,” joked Eddie Torres

(guitar and balafon). Currently, Echo Base has enough material for a second album, though it may be around this time next year when it gets released, Neonakis said. In the meantime, Echo Base has plans to collaborate with Alpha Rhythm and form a nine-piece band called Noon. “It’s the next incarnation of our musical voyage,” Hernandez said. “Putting (Echo Base

and Alpha Rhythm) together creates a totally fresh and new sound.” Neonakis expects that, as Noon, they should have a fouror five-song EP out by July. They will also be playing the Old Pecan Street Spring Arts Festival on May 1. Niko Treviño (bass guitar) indicated that in the more distant future, Echo Base might contribute to a Sublime tribute

album, as well. Currently, Echo Base’s selftitled album is available at www.seedknowledge.com. The curious are strongly encouraged to, at the least, check out the sample tracks available. “(The album) is like a total journey from the beginning of the disc to the end,” Neonakis said. “There’s a little something on it for everyone.”

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TRENDS/TV

Thursday, April 29, 2004

The University Star - 33

Wines have rich history of tradition BY LAURA C. LONGERO SPECIAL TO THE STAR

Wine. The legendary beverage that some people love, some people hate and some people just don’t know anything about. Wine isn’t generally college students’ beverage of choice, but it is widely renowned as of the most interesting and inspiring beverages of the world. Ernest Hemingway said, “Wine is the most civilized thing in the world.” The world of wine is somewhat of an enigma, so I will attempt to make it easy to understand and try to unearth new perceptions about this great drink. Wine Basics 101 There are many different types of wine hailing from even more different types of grapes. There are 10 basic wines that are important to know for one to have a general knowledge about wine. Champagne/Sparkling wine: Champagne is a bubbly, effervescent wine that is produced only in the Champagne region of France. Most sparkling wine is made using the same procedure as Champagne; it is just not from that specific region of France so technically it cannot be called Champagne. This wine is usually associated with celebrations — almost everyone has had a little too much one New Year’s or another. It has a bright, tingly feeling on your tongue and goes down nicely. North American sparkling wines range from dry to sweet. Brut is not very sweet, extra dry is less dry than brut, sec is sweeter than the extra dry, and demi-sec is the sweetest sparkling wine. Champagne is paired nicely with strawberries a la Pretty Woman. White Wines: Chardonnay: Chardonnay is a

medium-to-full bodied white wine that can be described as having hints of citrus, honey, butter, vanilla, toast and caramel. It is a dry white wine and tends to be complex. This wine is paired nicely with a buttery, rich dish such as shrimp scampi. Riesling: Riesling is a wine that is made all over the world. It can be very dry to extra sweet. Different regions produce wines that vary in tartness, freshness, dryness and sweetness. The variance of a riesling being either dry or sweet depends on the region where it is grown. Rieslings are fragrant, floral and fruity wines with hints of peaches and apricots. Rieslings can be paired nicely with shellfish, especially crab. Sauvignon Blanc: Sauvignon Blanc, also known as Fume Blanc, is the opposite to Chardonnay’s flavors of butter and oak. Sauvignon Blanc is a fresh white that has flavors of grass, straw, smoke, green tea and herbs. This wine can be light and sweet or dry and full-bodied — each is a little different. This wine goes nicely with lobster, since they have contrasting flavors. White Zinfandel: White zinfandel is a popular white wine because of its sweet fruitiness. People usually start out drinking white zinfandel when they begin to drink wine — it is a stepping stone. This wine has flavors of strawberry, and is a nice wine to sip on a summer day. Red Wines: Cabernet Sauvignon: Cabernet sauvignon is a medium-to-full bodied wine that has a rich berry color and an intense, complex flavor. Cabernet is aged in oak bottles and has a tannic taste — tannins being the flavor that comes from the skins of the grapes. Flavors that are used to described cabernet sauvignon are leather, plum, blackberry, cherry, eucalyptus and

cedarwood. This wine goes nicely with a filet mignon. Merlot: Merlot is a rich red wine with a medium body. It tends to be softer than cabernet sauvignon but still possesses a lush quality. Merlot emerged in the States in the 1970s as a complement to other grapes and then winemakers started to bottle it by itself. Merlots have the flavors of baked cherries, plum, toffee, violets, tea, mocha and chocolate. The lush flavors of a merlot go nicely with anything decadently chocolate. Pinot Noir: Pinot noir is a lighterbodied red wine with delicate, smooth qualities. Its sensitive character makes it difficult to make into wine. Pinot noir is a sensuous wine with silky textures and intense aromas. It is described as having flavors of mushrooms, cedar, cigars, sweat, dry leaves, worn leather, chocolate and plums. Pinot noir’s elegant characteristics pair nicely with roasted duck. Syrah: Also known as Shiraz if from North Africa or Australia, Syrah is a robust, rustic red wine. Syrahs are full-bodied wines with ripe, spicy fruit flavors. Karen MacNeil calls syrah “rustic, manly, and yet elegant.” It has flavors of pepper and spice, leather, damp earth, roasted meats and smoke. The rich flavor and texture of tuna go nicely with a red wine like Syrah. Zinfandel: When someone says “zinfandel,” they are usually talking about the red (true), not the white version of this wine, although the same grapes make both wines. This is a dry red wine, sinewy with a deep cherry color and rich aroma. Zinfandel has flavors of blackberry, boysenberry and other fruits. The strength of an Italian spaghetti sauce matches the intensity of zinfandel. Nutritional Information: Wine is good for you — one glass a day, especially of red wine,

can be beneficial to your heart. It is also an aphrodisiac, which has its own benefits. The amount of calories and carbohydrates found in one glass of Sutter Home wine are listed below. • White Zinfandel 80 calories 4.7 grams of carbohydrates • Chardonnay 93 calories 3.1 grams of carbohydrates • Sauvignon Blanc 93 calories 2.3 grams of carbohydrates • Merlot 92 calories 3.1 grams of carbohydrates • Pinot Noir 91 calories 2.5 grams of carbohydrates • Zinfandel 88 calories 2.7 grams of carbohydrates • Cabernet Sauvignon 87 calories 2.7 grams of carbohydrates • Syrah 89 calories 2.7 grams of carbohydrates Wine is one of the most interesting things there is to drink. It has a rich history of tradition, and has the capability to invoke feelings of warmth, comfort and closeness that nothing else does. This should be the beginning of a journey of finding the perfect wine for you. An anonymous person said that “God in His goodness sent the grapes, to cheer both great and small; little fools will drink too much, and great fools not at all.”

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Kelsey Grammer hasn’t yet had time to come to grips with the loss of his prime-time sitcom Frasier. “We shot the last one, so, once (the airing is) over with, I suppose it will be time for all that series of emotions to settle in and be dealt with,” Grammer said Monday. Frasier ends its 11-season run on May 11, with a one-hour episode starting at 8 p.m. on NBC. The network will air a Frasier retrospective at 8 that night leading into the finale. Grammer, who has played Dr. Frasier Crane for 20 years — first on Cheers then on Frasier — won’t give away details of the finale other than to say there will be a wedding. The story line leading up to the finale has a character played by Wendie Malick getting hitched to Frasier’s father, played by John Mahoney. Grammer said he wanted the finale to “leave everybody in a place where they were hopeful.” Still, he characterized the final show taping as emotional. “It took us six hours to shoot it,” Grammer said. “But come the fifth or six hour, we were all ready to get out of there.” Frasier launched in 1993 as a spinoff of Cheers, the wildly popular comedy set in a Boston bar. Producers then took Grammer’s Frasier and transplanted him to Seattle, where he was surrounded by family. Over the years, the program had been critically acclaimed as a smart, sophisticated comedy. However, unlike Friends, which was a blockbuster anchor for NBC on Thursdays, Frasier moved around the schedule and never quite gained the same mass audience. Grammer, who also produces UPN’s Girlfriends, said he’s not sure reality-crazed networks would go for a show like his today. “I’m not sure sophisticated comedy has a place on television anymore,” he said. “I’m not sure the networks are interested.” Right now, he said, “no one has cracked the nut of how to get viewership without being sensational or crass.”

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34 - The University Star

BY BECKY SHER KNIGHT RIDDER NEWSPAPERS

SWEET SKIN If you worship Willy Wonka, keep an eye on your local Bath and Body Works store this spring for a chocoholic’s dream: a new line of body-care products based on the delectable treat. The Pure Simplicity Cocoa collection includes body cream, lotion, body wash and body scrub that take advantage of all the good things about chocolate, like antioxidants that keep your skin looking fresh. The cocoa products join a lineup of other creams and lotions made from natural ingredients, like figs, salt, oats and almonds, but none of those

excite us quite as much as chocolate. And it doesn’t hurt that the body cream looks like whipped hot chocolate, and smells pretty darn good, too. We get the antioxidant thing, but it’s the allure of smelling like a Hershey’s bar all day that will send us running to the mall. Look for the Pure Simplicity Cocoa collection at Bath and Body Works stores for $12 to $18.

SEASONAL SCENT Chances are you’re still slaving away in Spanish class, conjugating verbs and memorizing vocabulary words as the world outside finally sheds its winter coat. Hang in there — summer will be here soon, and memories

Thursday, April 29, 2004

of all things academic will fade away. But even if you can’t escape the clutches of class quite yet, you can smell like summer. Calvin Klein’s new unisex fragrance, cK One Summer, captures the season in a bottle, with a citrusy scent that will remind you of lazy days of summers past. (Before you actually had to get a job and contribute to society, when you weren’t in school.) We’re still not sure about the unisex nature of the fragrance — guys, you might want to test it before you wear it out on the town. Look for cK One Summer in department stores for $38 for a 3.4-ounce bottle. It’s only around for a limited time — just like summer.

This week’s Web winners BY REID KANALEY KNIGHT RIDDER NEWSPAPERS Learning disabilities, which can cause a variety of difficulties in reading, writing, following directions, doing math and other daily chores, can leave a person feeling lost and alone. But the Web gives some guidance and provides a window on the many groups advocating for people with learning disabilities. LD ONLINE This is an online community for people with learning disabilities, their families and teachers. There is a resident lawyer discussing legal issues, and a section on what to ask of professionals explains what you need to know from the audiologist, speech pathologist and other consultants. www.ldonline.org

BRITISH VIEW The London-based Foundation for People With Learning Disabilities hosts this site. The group does research and advocacy for the learning-disabled community. The news section includes an item saying most Web sites fail to meet standards for disabled access and their owners could face legal action. www.learningdisabilities.org.uk TESTING BENEFITS The National Center for Learning Disabilities offers pointers for adults who think they may have a learning disability, and provides a guide to finding a place to be tested. It also notes the possible benefits of compensating for learning disabilities by developing creative skills and public speaking abilities that are attractive to employers. www.ld.org

have an opinion? Send a letter to the editor. Seriously. The e-mail address is starletters@ txstate.edu. Don’t say we didn’t tell ya.

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Classified ads are accepted by phone or email only if payment is made by credit card or if the client has established billing status. The deadline for all classified ads is noon two business days prior to publication. No physical addresses or names will be printed in ads placed under the heading of “Personals.” All classified ads must be paid in advance unless credit has been established. There are no refunds on classified ads. There is no charge for “Lost call call 245-3487 245-3487 or or email email starclassifieds@txstate.edu starclassifieds@txstate.edu and Found” ads. Check your classified ad for accuracy. Any changes must be made by the second day of publication. To change or cancel your ad, please call 512-245-3487 or email starclassifieds@txstate.edu The University Use the following formula when determining the cost Star reserves the right to refuse, edit, discontinue or classify ads under appropriate headings. Please remember it is HOW TO PLACE A CLASSIFIED AD: for your ad: 1. Provide your name, address, and phone number to us by always in your best interest to research or investigate any company from which you plan to purchase a good or fax, e-mail, mail or phone. Number of words x appropriate rate per word service. University/Non-Profit Classified Rates apply to campus departments, official student organizations of Texas 2.. Provide the written text of your ad. Certain conditions + 5¢ per bolded words State University-San Marcos and recognized non-profit organizations. This rate includes classified ads placed by apply. Please read all policies and terms. + 5¢ per italicized words students, faculty and staff under the headers of “Personals,” “For Rent” and “Roommates.” Ads placed by stu+ $10 typing fee for ads over 50 words University/Non-Profit Classified Rate is 15¢ per word. dents, faculty and staff for personal profit will be charged the Local Classified Rate.The Local Classified Rate + $10 for ads not run consecutive days Local Classified Rate is 25¢ per word. Take number form above and x by the number of applies to all advertising that does not fall under the area of University/Non-Profit Rate or is for straight profit. days you would like your ad to run to determine the “For Rent” and “Help Wanted” ads placed by businesses will be charged the Local Classified Rate. Extra services that are offered: TOTAL COST. 5¢ per bolded or italicized word. Please indicate. Kassia, Thanks For The Memories. Congratulations!

the university star classifieds

Thursday, April 29, 2004 - 35

automotive ‘89 Chey Corsica, 130K. Reliable engine, cold air, $500. 396-2736. (4/29) ____________________________ ‘85 Oldsmobile Cutlass. Doesn’t run well, but willing to sell for parts or whole. Most parts pretty new. Open to offers. Potential PIMP car. Priceless sentimental value. 805-6347 or (210)317-5490

for rent

Preleasing for summer! Huge quiet apartments, beautiful location in historic district. Paid water, trash, & cable, onsite laundry, reserved parking, pets welcome. 1/1 $545/mo. 2/1.5 $650/mo. Available June 5 & August 7. 393-3300. (4/29) ____________________________ Female rommate wanted to share a 3 bedroom/ 2 bath. Available May 14th. Across the street from the parking garage. $290/mo. + 1/3 bills. Su 557-6102. (4/29) ____________________________ The Exchange. Sublease room in 4 bd/ 4 ba, May 10-Aug, MAY FREE, furnished, FREE etehrnet, cable, local phone, w/d incl. $399/mo + 1/4 electric, female preferred. Chirstina (432)352-7270. (4/29) ____________________________ Short-term leases, summer only. Many choices. $265 + Furnished available. Most bills paid. 665-8788. (4/29) ____________________________ $0 total move-in. Huge 3/2. Fenced yard, big dogs OK. Very nice. 665-8788. (4/29) ____________________________ Sublease my townhome apartment for summer. Great price plus incentives - Call 557-3406 for details. (4/29) ____________________________ Sublease room at THE ZONE for entire summer for only $385 a month. Includes free cable and internet. Call (361)658-6818 even if you only need a place for a month. (4/29) ____________________________ Take over my Lease! Large 1br/1bath. Verandah Apts. $460. Off 35, on bus route. Call Mary. 512-396-7797. (4/29) ____________________________ A room for rent. $525/month. Total utilities included. Non-smoker, quiet. Wimberly. 343-6248. (4/29) ____________________________ CLEAN 2 bd/1ba. Top to bottom remodel, wash,/dry conn. 610 Bracewood Circle $575/mo. $300 deposit. Rachel (512)927-1899. (4/29) ____________________________ Apartment available for summer subleasing at Bobcat Village for middle of May to middle of August $545/month for June & July, May and August free, fully furnished, on bus route. Call 512-408-8359. (4/29) ____________________________ Take over my lease at The Zone. From May-August. Fully furnished, great neighbors. Call Jesse at 805-3331 or 956-337-6431. (4/29) ____________________________ Take over my lease from May-August. 1/1 at the Verandah. $380/month + utilities. Call Linsey 787-1718. (4/29) ____________________________ Summer Sublease Available. Two bedroom apartment on campus. Located behind Tower, 401 N. Fredericksburg #405. Kitchen, living room, private room and bath. Fully furnished, DSL, cable w/ HBO. Awesome roommate! Withing walking distance of the square. $299/month This is an awesome deal! (512)787-2658. (4/29) ____________________________ 3 BDR/ 2 BA., REF, W/D, For rent on Kamona Circle. Call after 7. Call Anytime 512-294-6471, 512-288-4095. (4/29) ____________________________ MESA VERDE APARTMENTS. Country living at its best! Short commute to Austin, Gonzales, San Marcos, Seguin, Lockhart and San Antonio. Offering 1 and 2 bedroom apartments, on-site laundry room and maintenance, pool, and the peace and quiet of country living. Call Today! MARY FRENCH REAL ESTATE (830)875-3624. (4/29) ____________________________ GIVE AWAY. Free rent or computer. Great value. Will deal. 3b/3b, w/d. 396-1520. (4/29) ____________________________ Room for rent in 3 bedroom house. Available July 5. All bills paid. $500/month. W/D. 281-356-7545. (4/29) ____________________________ Summer Sublease at The Summit. $300/mo. available in May. E-mail or call Katy420@hotmail.com 512-392-3566. (4/29) ____________________________ Take over my lease from MayAugust. 1/1 at the Verandah. $380 per month + utilities. Call Linsey 787-1718. (4/29)

for rent

2 Rooms For Rent: New 3/2 house big yard. $425 + 1/3 electric each. Call (512)787-2808. (4/29) ____________________________ Mill St. Townhomes 2 br 1 bath. Newly renovated. Small pets allowed. May move-in special. $525/mo. Phone: 353-3050 (4/29) ____________________________ Super Deal four plex. $525, 2 bedroom, 1 bath, fireplace, w/d connection, available 5/18. (512)423-7211. ____________________________ 1064 Sycamore, fenced, 3/1, appliances, garage, patio, $900, 353-1818. (4/29) ____________________________ Take over my lease! 3/1/1 house on Yale strret, CA/CH, close to campus and rec center. Rent $675/mo. Deposit $650. Move in end of May. Contact Ryan 832-283-2213. (4/29) ____________________________ 1/1 quiet near historic district, large windows, washer/dryer, newly remodeled. $550/month, 557-0960. (4/29) ____________________________ Duplex apartment at 911 Allen Street in San Marcos. Two bedroom/ two bath. Carport, fenced back yard. Available August. $775 per month. Call Steve Doerr at (830)372-5512. (4/29) ____________________________ Sublease my apartment 3/3 @ Jefferson Commons 512-289-0429. (4/29) ____________________________ Summer lease May 25 - Aug 1. All bills paid except electric, pets ok, 1 bedroom at Exchange $425. Call Lacey 557-0860 or e-mail lj2185@txstate.edu (4/29) ____________________________ Prelease and Save! Extra large 3/2.5/ double garage duplex, Appliances include washer/ dryer, SWT tram, move in July or August, pre-lease rate $1,095. 830-627-7909. (4/29) ____________________________ SUMMER II -SUBLEASE 2 bed / 2 bath / 2 patio. W/D. Furnished $400/mo. Call Liz @353-8975. (4/29) ____________________________ Pets O.K. Close to campus. most bills paid. 1/1 $449+, 2/2 $595 + Empire Leasing. 512-353-2927. (4/29) ____________________________ Great Deal 2/1.5 CACH, Appli, CF, W/D conn. Two story condo. Pay elect. $585. Call 512-353-2927. (4/29) ____________________________ Going Fast! w/ yr lease- 1 mo. free rent. 2/1 CACH, Appli, W/D conn. Outside storage. Pay electric. Inside pets ok. $450. Empire Leasing 353-2927. (4/29) ____________________________ 3b next to TSU. No parking hassles or shuttle. Large pool. $333 per person. Includes most bills. 392-2700 or 757-1943. (4/29) ____________________________ Luxury Townhome Community 3/3.5, $455 shared. Phone, cable, internet paid, w/dryer included. Apt Experts 805-0123. (4/29) ____________________________ A+ property 1/1 $482+, 2/2, $560+, 3/2 $665+ with w/dryer conn. (rest. apply) Apt. Experts 805-0123. (4/29) ____________________________ 2/2 Duplex, quiet, on bus route, w/d inc, available 6/2, $700/mo. 635-6750. (4/29) ____________________________ Plan your next move in advance. Beautiful 2/1 duplexes with washer/dryers, fans, appliances, fenced wooded yards, quiet neighborhood. $575/month, no dogs. 3 dates available, June 1, June 15, or Aug. 1. Shown all hours and days. 353-8384. (4/29) ____________________________ 1/1 garage apartment, new, ca/ch, tile/ Pergo floors, quiet area, ABP $550. 557-2770 (4/29) ____________________________ 2/1.5 apartment. Free rent until 5/01. No deposit. Call 512-787-1982. (4/29) ____________________________ Duplex 2 bed/ 2 bath. Tiled floors, full size w/d. Fenced yard, pets welcome. Available ASAP, $800 a month. Call (512)878-2095. (512)665-7893. (4/29) ____________________________ 2 bedroom / 1 bath apartment $450-$575 (512)757-4513. (4/29) ____________________________ Female roommate. Next to SWT, don’t worry about parking or shuttle, own bedroom. $300 range. 392-2700. (4/29) ____________________________ Quiet male student. Live next to SWT. Don’t worry about parking or shuttle, own bedroom, $300 range. 392-2700. (4/29) ____________________________ 2/1, 1/1 near TSU, pleasant yard. Pets OK. 353-3971. (4/29) ____________________________ Large & private. 2b/1b duplex. W/d, near campus, trees, yard & pool. $650/month. Call CD 787-5156. (4/29) ____________________________ CONSTRUCTION SPECIAL. Efficiencies $480. Water and electric paid. 4 bdrms/2.5 baths $1250. Water paid and w/d included. Call April @ 512-754-6701. (4/29)

for rent

PRELEASE NOW for the best apartment selection for Summer and Fall. We offer one-stop shopping for free floorplans & maps...plus info on specials, availability and amenities. Call or come by APARTMENTS TO GO by “The Square”. 112 W. Hopkins at Guadalupe/ 353-FREE/Licensed Real Estate Broker. (4/29) ____________________________ Awesome Deal 1/1, $395, gas, water, trash incld. Now pre-leasing Fall 04’ Apt. Experts 805-0123. (4/29) ____________________________ Townhome Community 1/1.5, $500, 2/1.5, $545 w/ dryer incl. Water & trash paid, with 1/2 off dep. Apt. Experts 805-0123. (4/29) ____________________________ Brand New Community. Fully furn., most bills pd. Ethernet, local ph, w/d incl. $399 +, AE 805-0123. (4/29) ____________________________ Texas Size Townhomes. 1 bdrms $450, 2 bdrms $495, cable paid. Big Pets ok. Apartment Experts 805-0123. (4/29) ____________________________ Industrial Modern Living. $375 +, ethernet, phone & w/d incl. AE 805-0123. (4/29) ____________________________ Big Dogs Okay! Walk or shuttle to class. most bills pd. w/cable. 1/1 $450+, 2/1.5 $495 + 1/2 off 1st 2 months rent. Apt. Experts. 805-0123. (4/29) ____________________________ ON A BUDGET? So am I. That’s why we have Langtry Apartments. 205 Craddock Ave., Waiting for you. 2 bedroom 2 bath apartment homes with washer/dryer ready for you to move-in today. Only $650 per month. Who said living in San Marcos had to be expensive? Langtry Apartments 396-2673. (4/29) ____________________________ Skinny Dippin! In the middle of Winter! Our Skinny prices are dippin even lower! One bedroom now only $575.00. Washer/Dryer, microwave, free high speed internet with no dial-up and resort style amenities. Call the Metropolitan 393-6000. (4/29) ____________________________ Privacy, Privacy and More Privacy! A place of your own! Stadium view apartments has a few 1 bedroom 1 bath homes for you. Fireplaces, ceiling fans, PRIVATE outside storage and covered parking await you. On-Site laundry, pool, and spa are only one call away. VJE Realty 353-3002. (4/29) ____________________________ Ready & Waiting! Nice, 1 bedroom , 1 bath studio home. 1642 Post Road. lot’s of storage and yard area. VJE Realty 353-3002. (4/29) ____________________________ 1 bd APT. $395/mo. 353-5051. (4/29)

for sale

Sterilized queen mattres set, $85, Popazon w/ pad, $48, Maple coffee table. $37.50, Oak entertainment center, $58, Walnut office desk, $125, Whirlpool electric dryer, $45. Partins’ Furniture. 2108 Ranch Road 12. 396-4684. Free Delivery. (4/29) ____________________________ ARTIST STUDIO goes with this great home near hist. dist. Large landscaped lot with huge trees and peaceful rock garden. Near town and TSU. 130 N. Endicott. Jerry Re/Max - San Marcos. 512-353-6500/ 353-6542. (4/29) ____________________________ 233 MHz bondi imac 96mb, 40GB, AI 7, FH10, PS 5.5, $300 obo. 210-725-9269. (4/29) ____________________________ GUITARS!!! Oviation Celebrity 12-string ACC/Ele $350 obo, Squire Strat with VOX Amp, $300 obo, zoom effects Pedal $75, Danelectro distortion pedal, $20. Extras with Guitars. 979-285-5368 or cw1100@txstate.edu (4/29) ____________________________ Stop Renting Baynebridge Condo. 2/2 Modern deccor glass blocks, walk to class. $69,000. VJE Realty 423-0698. (4/29) ____________________________ LIVE CRAWFISH - Large Louisiana Crawfish. Best price in town. Birdsong Brothers Crawfish. Call 979-480-5766 or 512-585-1571. (4/29) ____________________________ Living Room Furniture and Dining Room Table. All for $200 OBO. Call 392-5548. (4/29) ____________________________ Pecan Creek Condo, 2/2, w/parkay floors, refrig, w/d nego. $68,500. Available after May grad. Call Phyllis, RMA. 757-5001. (4/29) ____________________________ ‘99 Ford Mustang Com. Blk/Blk loaded includes leather and tinted windows. Has 41,000 mi. Asking $9,950. Call 512-295-6757. (4/29) ____________________________ WHY RENT? Buy my one-of-a-kind completely remodeled/ upgraded 3/2 bath mobile home 2 1/2 miles from campus, very nice 1/2 acre + lot, big oaks decks 2 car garage, work shop, storage bldg., $12,500 Call David @ 512-757-0022 or 512-228-2467. (4/29)

for rent Remodeled townhome for sale. Rockaway from Texas State. E-mail Daniel at danielmontesjr@hotmail.com (4/29)

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Saturday May 1st, 8-4, 218 Blanco Dr., Wimberly. Computers, tools, tons more, benefits Thundering Paws Animal Sanctuary. (4/29)

help wanted

Wanted: College students for fulltime or part-time work for moving co. $10.00 per hr. Flexible schedule contact 512-894-3417. (4/29) ____________________________ Going to be here this summer? Earn big $$$! Operate a fireworks stand in Canyon Lake. 392-4007. (4/29) ____________________________ Now hiring internet tech support. Currently hiring internet technology suport position technicians - flexible hours, day, weekend, and night shifts available. Free dial-up service for all employees. Previous customer service experienced required. knowledge of Windows, Macintosh, and internet services a plus. www.telenetwork.com (4/29) ____________________________ AZTEC Promotional Group is now hiring FUN, ENERGETIC sales associates for the Fall 2004 semester! Please inquire at Room 1-1.3 in the LBJ Student Center. (4/29) ____________________________ Now for 2004. Out of the ordinary summer job on the Guadalupe River at a campground, tube, raft, and canoe rental. Whitewater sports is hiring now for full and part-time positions in the office, on the campground, and for drivers. Start now or after finals, call Ellen at 830-964-3800. (4/29) ____________________________ Looking for part-time/full-time handyman. Basic knowledge of carpentry, sheetrocking, miscellaneous. Contact Alain @ (830)660-5973. (4/29) ____________________________ Jerry’s Rentals in New Braunfels on The Guadalupe River is now accepting applications. Call (830)625-2036 for directions to apply in person. ____________________________ ROCK FISH SEAFOOD on I-35 and Stassey is looking for exceptional servers. Please apply in person M-TH. 2-4p.m. 701 E-STASSEY LANE SUITE B. AUSTIN, TX 78745. (4/29) ____________________________ Rose Garden Restaurant hiring hosts. Apply in person. 805-0880. ____________________________ Student manager needed for apartment community. Experience preffered with flexible hours. Apply in person at The Metropolitan Apartments. 121 Craddock Ave. no phone calls please. (4/29) ____________________________ Study Breaks Magazine is now hiring writers, photographers & advertising sales representatives. Place contact. 512-480-0894. (4/28) ____________________________ Personal Attendant to assist wheelchair user with personal care and housekeeping, 5:45-7:10 a.m. 3 days a week. Must have own car, female preffered. Good pay. Call 353-1330. ____________________________ Personal Care Attendant needed for a quadriplegic man. Applicants must be able to lift 150 lbs. They must also have a good driving record. Full-time, part-time, and weekend positions available. Experience is not necessary. Please call 512-280-5402 or 512-773-1468, if there is no answer leave voice mail & your call will be returned. (4/29) ____________________________ Part-time receptionist, approximately 30 hours per week. Friday, Saturday and Sunday. beautiful land development office on Canyon Lake. immediate opening. Call or e-mail at 830-935-4640 or rs.mystic@earthlink.net ____________________________ Part-time help needed. General office duties for busy optical office. No exp. needed. We’ll train. Bilingual preferred. No phone calls. Apply within. Texas State Optical, 1104 Thorpe Ln. (4/29) ____________________________ Tutor wanted for high school algebra I, once per week beginning next fall, Wimberly, call Shawn (512)847-8963. (4/29) ____________________________ Bartender/ Bouncers needed. 512-374-1998. (4/29) ____________________________ Looking for young energetic Licensed Real Estate Agents, prefer students highly active in campus organizations. 512-665-9220. (4/29) ____________________________ Camp counselors needed for Aquatic Sciences Adventure Camp. Co-ed, resident summer camp for students 9-15 years of age located on Texas State University campus. Activities include aquatic biology, water testing, swimming, tubing, river rafting, Aquarena Center, Sea World, Natural Bridge Caverns. Contact Assistant Director for Education, Edwards Aquifer Research and Data Center. Must have valid TX driver’s license and be willing to live on campus during camp. Call 245-3541 or e-mail LG16@txstate.edu (4/29)

help wanted NEW RESTAURANT IN GRUENE. now accepting applications for all positions. pay based on experience. apply Gruene River Grill, 1259 Gruene Rd, located next to NB Museum of Art & Music between 9am-4pm or e-mail resume to jobs@rivergrill.com (4/29) ____________________________ INO’z where you should work. INO’z. Restaurant, located on the square in Wimberly. Now interviewing for all positions. apply in person 1-5 p.m weekdays. Call (512)847-6060 for directions. (4/29) ____________________________ !Bartending! $300 a day potential, no exp. necessary, training provided 800-965-6520 x157. (4/29) ____________________________ Athletic, outgoing students for calendar greeting cards, etc. $50 - 150/hr no exp needed. 512-684-8296. (4/29) ____________________________ SUMMER CAMP JOBS IN COLORADO --- Make a difference in the life of a girl at Girl Scout overnight camps in the mountains SW of Denver. General Counselors, Program Specialists (Western horseback riding, backpacking, crafts, nature, sports/archery, challenge course, farm, dance & drama) and Administrative Positions. Late May – early August. Competitive salary, housing, meals, health insurance, travel and end-of-season bonuses. For an application, e-mail campjobs@gsmhc.org or call 303-607-4819. (4/29) ____________________________ Get paid for your opinions! Earn $15-$125 and more per survey! www.paidonlinesurveys.com (4/29) ____________________________ Arabian Horses: several open positions:Ranch in SM, close to campus, flex hrs. 1.hoof trimmer hrly $ or trade. 2.temp ranch hand $6hr. 3.serious/exp trainers--negot pay. 4.good riders who love to ride$open! 5.attractive models who ride well-trade photos. 6.secretary--coordinate, manage, research--open$ *Riding lessons available. Project: Got 14 horses and more foaling. And a website (texasarabianhorses.com).. working on photos/text to showcase, market, and sell 11 horses in 6 months. Experience and time are negotiable commodities. Pay you in cash when possible or trade when agreeable ..! Email resume , aspirations, services to: Nabil@Haysco.net. However, if imperative my cell 210-367-7842 and 353-3477 ranch. (4/29) ____________________________ Are you a dynamic, compassionate, motivated individual looking for the EXPERIENCE OF A LIFETIME? If so then Horizon Camps is the place for you. Horizon Camps is made up of three OUTSTANDING co-ed summer camps, seeking AMAZING staff to work with INCREDIBLE kids ranging in age from 7 to 15. Located in NY, PA, and WV, positions are available in the areas of group leading, athletics, theatre-arts, water sports, outdoor education, and so much more. For more information and to complete an application please contact us... www.horizoncamps.com 1-800-544-5448. (4/29)

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miscellaneous

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Orts: A few changes can increase game attendance

S PO RTS

The University Star - 36

 Cont. from page 38

allows fans a chance for a one-on-one interaction with the players. And people relate to people. The better the fans know a player, the more supportive they’re going to be. One word: Gametracker Why would Texas State fans want to wait for at least an hour after the game to find out what happened? Yes, KTSW and Boostercast.com have picked it up this year and broadcast a lot more games and that’s great, but we’re the biggest school in the conference and there are at least three others that offer Gametracker or some other live stats program. Why not Texas State? I’ve talked with visiting sports information directors and they’ve told me it’s not hard to run. It would give fans another way of keeping up with games if they can’t be there for the live event. Get rid of the middle bleachers at the baseball field Seriously, those things are hideous and ridiculously tall. From what I’ve heard, there’s a plan for a new baseball-softball complex, and I just hope they don’t make the same mistake again. Plus, put a locker room of some sort at the complex so the players don’t have to get dressed at Jowers Center. Maybe then the baseball team can attract some high-profile schools to play here instead of always having to go on the road. Knock down the wall in Strahan Coliseum Another eyesore. I don’t know all the budgetary issues involved in doing that and adding more seats, but that wall has to go. If the wall has to stay, it should have something more interesting than Texas State painted on it, something like a big mural of all the great former Bobcats who have played in that building. It wouldn’t be expensive and anything would look better than the way it is now.

Thursday, April 29, 2004

A BOWL CHAMPIONSHIP DISPUTE

By Teddy Greenstein Chicago Tribune

PHOENIX — Just as the concept of a post-bowl championship game appeared to be gaining momentum, the plan was met with resistance Tuesday at the Bowl Championship Series meetings. BCS Chairman Mike Tranghese acknowledged a divide in opinion among the 11 conferences for a “Plus One” model that would call for five BCS bowl games plus a final game for all the marbles. “I don’t think it’s a dead issue,” Tranghese said, “but I don’t want to give the impression that this is where we’re headed, either. It’s not an issue being embraced by all the conferences. And there are some conferences that are pretty adamantly opposed to it.” One of those is the Pac-10. University of Oregon President David Frohnmayer, the chair of the BCS Presidential Oversight Committee, told ESPN.com the “Plus One” model is not acceptable. “His conference (the Pac-10) has been dead-set opposed to it from day one,” Tranghese said. “Some (conferences are) opposed, some are in favor, and some are in the middle.” Tranghese said the opposing conferences view it as little more than a playoff, even though the final four teams apparently wouldn’t be seeded. And “playoff” is a dirty word around here. “The 11 conferences just don’t believe a playoff is in the best interests of college football,” Tranghese said. “They think it would have a devastating effect on the regular season. We think we have the best regular season of any sport. Whether that’s right or wrong, we believe that.”

Julian H. Gonzalez/Detroit Free Press USC coach Pete Carroll holds up the Rose Bowl trophy after the Trojans beat Michigan 28-14. USC was kept out of the BCS title game despite being ranked No. 1 in both polls. ABC Sports, which control the BCS television rights for two more seasons, presented its case Tuesday to conference officials. “The ball’s in their court,” said Loren Matthews, ABC’s senior vice president of pro-

gramming. “It’s their ball; they have a lot of thinking to do.” Although Tranghese said the network executives “talked about the benefits of a Plus One model from a financial perspective,” he added no specific financial terms were discussed. That would appear to make it even more difficult for the “Plus One” supporters to plead their case. Once the potential dollar figures are determined, conferences will vote on the model. It’s unclear whether the measure would need more than a majority to be approved. “You know what?” Tranghese said. “We’ve never had to take a vote on something really important.” A less divisive issue is the creation of a fifth BCS bowl game, which will give more access to schools from the five Division I-A conferences that are not part of the BCS. Tranghese said that 12 bowls have expressed an interest in hosting the game, including the Cotton, Peach, Gator and Holiday. Right now the BCS officials merely will discuss how to improve the formula for the No. 1 vs. No. 2 game. The BCS came under fire in January when USC, ranked No. 1 in both the writers’ and coaches’ polls, was denied a shot at eventual champion LSU because of its standing in computer polls. The result was a split national champion. Officials are likely to find a way to minimize the importance of computer polls. And they might try to add the requirement that teams win their conference championship to play for the national title. Oklahoma got a shot at LSU in the Sugar Bowl, even though Kansas State beat the Sooners in the Big 12 championship game.

Baseball: Team tries to hold on to third-place spot in SLC  Cont. from page 38

the season. There seemed to be no visible offense in the game with all nine hits combined being singles. The only player in the game with more than one hit was Bobcat junior third baseman Kyle Anson, who had two. It seemed as though the game would have gone scoreless forever if junior left fielder Matt Miller didn’t pound a RBI single in the fourth, scoring Anson. With that hit, Miller extended his hitting streak to 10 games and continues to be among the

SLC leaders in hitting with a .370 batting average. Nicholls (16-24, 5-12 SLC) will be coming into this series at dead last in the conference. The Colonels did even their series with second-place Northwestern State University with a 5-3 ninth-inning win Saturday night. Junior pitcher Dustin Roddy (3-1) picked up the win, shutting down all four batters he faced. The split series was supposed to be decided on Sunday, but the game was postponed because of rain. The Colonels haven’t had much success with their pitching this season

with a league-high 5.98 ERA. Their staff has been taken advantage of all season, giving up 416 hits, 271 runs and 163 walks. The only bright side for the Colonels has been their hitting. They are ranked third overall in hitting by posting up a .287 team batting average. Most of the credit goes to junior infielder Anthony Hatch, who is second in the league with a .395 batting average. Hatch is also fifth in the league with 62 hits and eight home runs and is ranked second in total bases with 100. The Bobcats hope to start a win-

ning streak this weekend feeding off the momentum they got from beating a team like the Aggies. They are currently in third place in the SLC behind Lamar University and Northwestern State University. The probable starters for the series are seniors Tom Robbins and Paul Schappert, with freshman Patrick Colgan closing out the series. However, with the performance of Joey Gonzalez Tuesday night, he might see a lot of action in this series. The games will take place in Thibodaux, La., at 6:30 p.m. Friday, 3 p.m. Saturday and 1 p.m. Sunday.

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S POR TS

Thursday, April 29, 2004

Wash. players tell of being ‘high’ during games By Steve Miletich, Christine Willmsen and Mike Carter The Seattle Times SEATTLE — One player on the University of Washington softball team took narcotic pain medications and muscle relaxants two to three times a day during one season, played “high” in three games and was described by teammates as a “zombie” who appeared drunk, wobbly and glazed-eyed. Another player told a trainer before a game that she had been given too many pills and was afraid she would get hit in the face by a ball. A trainer gave her a “focus pill” that made her feel “high and woozy.” Yet she played, even though teammates thought she was too drugged. Those scenes and others were laid out in dramatic detail this week in an 81-page report that summarized a six-month internal investigation into drug-dispensing practices on the UW softball team. The report, based on 42 interviews with players and staff, concluded players were overmedicated and laid blame on top officials including former Athletic Director Barbara Hedges, citing contradictions in their own statements to investigators. The reports found that players commonly referred to Scheyer as “Dr. Feel Good” or the “Candy Man” because he gave them narcotics so they could play while injured or simply to get rid of common headaches, according to the report. Former softball coach Teresa Wilson, who was ousted in December, favored Scheyer, a private physician in Kirkland, over UW doctors and successfully fought efforts to fire him even when others warned that he was endangering the health of her players, the report said. “Several players stated that Wilson told players to go and see Dr. Scheyer and get whatever they needed from him,” the report said.

Wilson knew or should have known what was going on, the four-member investigative panel concluded, because drugs were routinely handed out everywhere from the team dugout to out-oftown dinners. When concerns about Scheyer’s practices reached Hedges and senior associate athletic director Marie Tuite, the report said, the officials failed to grasp the gravity of the problems and allowed him to remain part of the team. During one meeting with UW doctors, Hedges was shown an Xray of a deteriorating hip to illustrate the dangers of prescribing corticosteroids to players for routine injuries. “One doctor stated that, in the meeting, Hedges took the position that she was not a doctor and that she saw no reason to question Dr. Scheyer,” the report said. Hedges and Tuite also had been warned by others about the reckless actions of team trainer Craig Moriwaki, who is portrayed in the report as regularly supplying excessive amounts of prescription drugs to softball players, sometimes without a doctor’s order. Moriwaki, who resigned in April 2002, could not be reached for comment. Hedges disputed the report’s conclusions in a written statement issued by university officials Tuesday. “Despite the claims of some individuals that they verbally advised me that they were concerned about the activities of Dr. Scheyer and Craig Moriwaki, and despite the conclusions reached by the drafters of this report, I can state unequivocally and honestly that I did not know that our student-athletes were subjected to questionable or unacceptable medical practices,” Hedges said. Tuite, in a written statement last night, said, “The first time I learned of any allegations that student-athletes were given prescription drugs improperly came after the State Pharmacy Board began

its investigation of Dr. Scheyer in 2003. Any suggestion to the contrary is incorrect. In particular, there are references to information regarding this case that I believe could be contradictory and not substantiated.” UW officials said Tuite will receive a letter of reprimand but keep her job. They also said a reprimand will be issued to Scott Centala, Wilson’s former assistant and now co-coach of the softball team, because he knew or should have known that players were taking too many drugs. Scheyer, 76, has challenged the state’s emergency suspension of his medical license and awaits a hearing. His license was lifted in October by the state Medical Quality Assurance Commission after investigators concluded he improperly prescribed and dispensed large quantities of narcotics, tranquilizers and other drugs to UW softball players. Scheyer, Moriwaki and pharmacist Edward Matsukawa — who filled dozens of prescriptions for the doctor and trainer — remain the targets of a federal criminal investigation being conducted by the Washington State Patrol and Drug Enforcement Administration, according to a federal law-enforcement source. Wilson, who has repeatedly denied wrongdoing, told the panel during its investigation that she wasn’t aware of Scheyer and Moriwaki’s activities. She has been reassigned to other duties in the UW athletic department until her contract expires in June. But the report found that medications were given to players by Scheyer and Moriwaki on the field and in locker rooms, airplanes, hotel rooms, restaurants, buses and training rooms. Several players witnessed or were given narcotic pain medications and muscle relaxants before practice or competition, according to the report. Players told the panel that Scheyer passed out pills to them

in the dugout just before games. In one case, a student got four to six pills per game during the softball season, including Vicodin, Tylenol with Codeine No. 3 and Percocet. Some players felt pressured by Moriwaki to take medication. He reportedly gave two softball players the stimulant Ritalin before games without either player knowing what drug they were taking. Players felt obligated to play, feeling pressure to perform for Wilson. “She (Wilson) screws with us. They ignore the fact that girls are so hurt,” one athlete told the panel. As early as 1997, the panel found, UW doctor John O’Kane became concerned about inappropriate medications given to athletes by Scheyer and discussed it with Dennis Sealey, a trainer, and Fredrick Matsen, another doctor. O’Kane, an orthopedic surgeon and the director of the UW’s Sports Medicine Program, told Hedges of concerns about Scheyer’s use of powerful and possibly dangerous corticosteroids (a type of anti-inflammatory). In a statement to the panel in February, O’Kane recalled the meeting, in which Hedges was told about the dangers of corticosteroid abuse. Hedges was shown the X-ray of the serious bone damage that can be caused by the improper use of the drugs. “(Hedges) was told at the meeting it was dangerous and a problem that (Scheyer) gave athletes too many steroids,” a panel member wrote. Hedges told a panel member that nobody complained to her during that time period about Scheyer’s competence. Sealey, now a private trainer in Kirkland, told the panel, “Dr. Scheyer always had a pill for everything.” Sealey said he planned to fire Moriwaki, but Wilson told Hedges she’d quit if the softball team didn’t get to keep him as trainer.

Softball: Team enters tournament after 9-game losing streak

The University Star - 37

 Cont. from page 1

right now. We’re just trying too keep playing hard and get back to playing Bobcat softball,” Woodard said. Prior to the losing streak, Texas State was a team on a roll. The Bobcats were 36-9, 19-1 in the SLC, and ranked 24th in the country. They will need to revert to that form if a third NCAA regional appearance is in the future. Texas State also had a four-game conference lead at that point and appeared it would have no difficulty winning its third regular season title in four years. But the Bobcats are familiar with their first-round match up, Northwestern State University Demons (14-12 SLC), whom the Bobcats have defeated in all three regular season games this year. The one negative is that the Demons have the conference’s hottest pitcher right now in Amie Ford, the current SLC Pitcher of the Week. This weekend’s SLC Tournament also features some other interesting match ups. In Friday’s first game, the top-seeded University of Texas-San Antonio Roadrunners (33-15) will play the No.6 seed Nicholls State University Lady Colonels (24-27 overall, 12-14 SLC). While the Roadrunners are this year’s top seed, they have lost two of the three games they played against the Lady Colonels during the regular season. But to repeat that success, Nicholls will have to find a way to keep the ball in the confines of Bobcat Field. UTSA is the most prolific offensive team in the league as the Roadrunners are hitting .321 as a team and have hit 93 home runs — 60 more than their opponents. In Game 3 of the SLC Tournament, set to start at 1:30 p.m., No. 3 Sam Houston State University (27-21 overall, 17-9 SLC) will play the No. 5 University of TexasArlington Lady Mavericks (24-22-1 overall, 15-10 SLC). The two teams have split wins in the four games they played this year. The Lady Mavericks also boast this week’s Southland Conference Hitter of the Week in freshman Dee Jay Nelson. Nelson played a critical role in the Lady Mavericks two wins versus Texas State last weekend, knocking in the game’s only run in Sunday’s 1-0 victory over the Bobcats. The SLC tournament champion will be crowned Sunday, with that team earning an automatic berth in the NCAA regional. All of the Bobcats’ games can be heard on KTSW 89.9 FM and on the Internet at Boostercast.com. For a full tournament bracket, visit www.UniversityStar.com.

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SOFTBALL: BOBCATS HOST SLC TOURNAMENT, FACE NORTHWESTERN STATE 4 P.M. FRIDAY

Spo r t s Thursday, April 29, 2004

The University Star — Page 38

TOURNAMENT TIME Outfielder Kristen Zaleski slides safe at second but is called out after stepping off the bag against University of Texas-San Antonio. The Bobcats will host the Southland Conference Tournament this weekend and begin play against Northwestern State 4 p.m. Friday.

’Cats set to play Nicholls State in three-game series By Matt Isam Sports Reporter The Texas State baseball team is trying to stay in the hunt for the top spot in the Southland Conference this weekend as it heads to Louisiana to take on Nicholls State University for a three-game series. The Bobcats (25-19, 11-6 SLC) are 6-0 in SLC road games this season and had an impressive win Tuesday night, going into College Station and defeating Texas A&M University, 1-0. The game consisted of a hard-nosed pitcher’s duel with neither team committing

Andrew Nenque/ Star photo

an error. The Aggies have been tough enough all season to be ranked 16th in the nation in the Baseball America poll and 10th in the ESPN poll. Freshman pitcher Joey Gonzalez earned the win (2-1) by pitching six shutout innings. Aggie pitcher Dan Donaldson (0-1) was the odd man out, receiving the loss after giving up only one run in four innings of work. Junior Dominic Ramos ended the pitcher’s duel with a flawless ninth inning to earn this fifth save of  See BASEBALL, page 36

Softball hosts Southland Conference teams this weekend By Rick Breland Sports Reporter The Texas State softball team (36-18, 19-7) will have the advantage of playing at home this weekend as they host this year’s Southland Conference Tournament, which will feature six teams and begins 11 a.m Friday. The chance to play at home, something the Bobcats have not done since April 10, might be just what the team needs as they head into the tournament on the heels of a nine-game losing streak, the team’s longest since 1998. But that season is now ancient history, and the team hopes that their most recent losing streak is soon history, as well.

“Anytime you get a chance to play at home, you are excited,” said Texas State coach Ricci Woodard. “I think the team is excited, and we are ready to play. Practice has been good all week. I would describe us as relaxed but focused.” In contrast to what one might expect, the recent losses have not dampened the Bobcats’ hopes of fairing well in this weekend’s conference tourney. After all, this is the second straight year the Bobcats have entered the tournament as the No.2 seed, so it is not like the Bobcats are unfamiliar with the position. “We are not focusing on the losing streak  See SOFTBALL, page 37

Tournament Schedule Game 1 No. 1 UT-San Antonio vs. No. 6 Nicholls State 11 a.m. Friday Game 2 No. 2 Texas State vs. No. 5 Northwestern State 4 p.m. Friday Game 3 No. 3 Sam Houston vs. No. 4 UT-Arlington 1:30 p.m. Friday

Ashley A. Horton/Star photo Dominic Ramos, junior shortstop, tags out a University of Texas-Arlington runner on Sunday afternoon at Bobcat Statium. The Bobcats were defeated by the Mavericks, 2-5. The Bobcats take on Nicholls State on Friday in Thibodaux, La.

Athletic department should try new ideas boost to Bobcat participation

I

wanted to start this by change. Jason Orts sending a message to So, I’ll say this as gently all of you who refuse as I can — get over it. to acknowledge the Plus, if you haven’t been school’s name as Texas to the bookstore lately and State. haven’t seen the Texas State We’ve made it paraphernalia around camthrough an entire year pus, take a quick look and now with that name and compare what the SWT merthere have been no natuchandise looked like. The Sports with Orts ral disasters, and I don’t Texas State stuff looks much think God has struck better, which could account down former Associated Student for the reason I see more people walkGovernment President Robert Doerr or ing around wearing Texas State stuff anybody else involved with the name than I ever did sporting items with

SWT on it. But anyway, I’m not a fashion person. I’m a sports person. So, without further ado, here are my five ways to improve the Texas State athletic department, from the fan’s perspective. Make games more student-friendly I know there have been many attempts at doing this and attendance has been much better at most events this year, but it could always be better. We have more than 26,000 students on this campus and we can’t fill a 15,000seat stadium at a football game?

What’s up with that? But here’s the thing: I went to a couple of games last season in which the student side of the stadium was packed, but the other side was half-full. Why can’t students go to that side? I’ve never understood that. But students also want to be entertained, and I don’t mean having an announcer say, “Welcome back your ‘Shark in the Water Defense.’” Thank God we don’t have to hear that anymore. More promotional deals such as a student home run derby or a pass, punt and kick contest would be fun. Get the community involved

No matter how much the students are involved, the department can’t be successful without the community. Why? Unlike students, people in the community have to pay to come to the games. I don’t remember exactly when it happened, but there was one time when some of the coaches went to work at Chili’s for a night. I thought that was brilliant. There needs to be more of that kind of stuff. The volleyball team already had its “Password,” which it does three times a year and  See ORTS, page 36

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