Page B2 - The University Star
Tuesday, January 16, 2007
Tuesday, January 16, 2007
The University Star - Page B3
Baby steps Learn to set realistic expectations when making New Year’s resolutions By Jessica Sinn The University Star
After the ball drops and the confetti is swept away, millions of people ambitiously plan to kick bad habits to the curb and better their lifestyles. Whether the goal is to lose weight, abandon caffeine, quit smoking or develop better study habits, one must let go of self-doubt and set forth a ﬂexible plan. Here are some tips to stick with the program: Scott Janke, Texas State counseling center senior psychologist, said formulating unrealistic resolutions is a sureﬁre way to set oneself up for failure. So be realistic. Nothing big gets accomplished within a short time frame. It takes minutes to jot down life-altering goals and months to accomplish multiple baby-steps. “People make mistakes by setting up unrealistic expectations, such as deciding to lose 30 pounds by spring break,” Janke said. “This is like climbing Mount Everest all at once.” Devise a plan. Move away from the realm of wishful thinking and get to work. Be patient; the mission will be complete if goals are conquered one step at a time. “Looking at the big picture can be good, but it can be too grand if you don’t have more modest steps to take,” Janke said. “I would say just do more than what you’re doing. Motivation is fueled when you see yourself meeting your goals and moving towards them.” Track progress. Construct a visual aid by penciling in actions, plans, thoughts and feelings. Crossing off tasks on a to-do list or tracking weight loss progress provides visual proof of success. “Keeping a chart or a calendar can give you visual evidence of what you’ve accomplished,” Janke said. “Focus on the process a little more and the outcome less.” Keep it slow and steady. The “cold turkey” technique can be done, but it’s not the best route to take. Janke said gradual progress leads to long-term change. “If caffeine reduction is the goal, just
shaving it down a little bit by cutting it in half is progress,” Janke said. Reward for success. Positive reinforcement is a great method to fuel motivation. Each day you follow the plan, throw some pocket change in a jar. After accomplishing a small goal, use the money to buy something special. One of the most popular New Years resolutions is to lose weight. Texas Health and Racquet Club personal trainer and marketing senior Kellen Gray said people are more likely to follow their workout routine if friends or a personal trainer hold them accountable. Hire a professional. Gray said a personal trainer’s sole purpose is to help people achieve their ﬁtness goals. Recruiting a trainer can guarantee a vigorous workout. “Anyone can get a membership, show up at the gym and do nothing,” Gray said. “But if you spend an hour with a trainer and actually work out you’ll feel good about yourself.” Make an appointment. Lack of time is the number one excuse for not exercising. Pencil a workout routine into a calendar and look at it as an important appointment. Gray said good cardio health is vital to longevity and an improved quality of life. “Even if you’re busy, you need to make time to work out,” Gray said. “It’s important to work out; it’s what keeps you alive.” Grab a friend and have fun. It’s hard to feel motivated when exercise feels more like a chore. Don’t stay chained to the same old elliptical machine. Beat the workout boredom by burning calories with a friend, spicing up routines or hitting the basketball court. “Bring someone in who can hold you accountable for working out,” Gray said. “Take a friend and get involved in sports like basketball or racquetball. “That way you can get in your exercise without even realizing it.” Above all, be positive. Don’t start the New Year fretting about present faults and future failures. Learn how to be forgiving — so what if you give into that Krispy Kreme donut temptation? Nobody’s perfect, brush off and try again.
Do it now rather than later Procrastination seminar has tomorrow looking less bleak By Patrick Kampert Chicago Tribune CHICAGO — Vickie Austin didn’t put off her Christmas shopping to the last minute this past year. A full 10 days before the holiday, her presents were bought, wrapped, mailed and sitting under her relatives’ Christmas trees. “For the ﬁrst time in years, I didn’t pay more for postage than gifts,” Austin said, laughing. “Last year, I procrastinated. I spent a fortune on Priority Mail and it still didn’t get there on time.” Austin, a Wheaton, Ill. business coach, credited a “Procrastination Cessation” seminar by Chicago time-management consultant Marianna Swallow Charles Osgood/Chicago Tribune for her turnaround this year. STOP STALLING: Bobbie Soeder (right) and Brannen Daugherty listen as Marianna Swallow (left) leads “When there’s a group like a workshop on how to stop procrastinating on Dec. 15 in Chicago. that in a seminar setting, you get a sense of ‘you’re not the only one.’ I don’t think anybody com- her on track. Plus, she was a visually attractive so she would pleted,” she said. pletely overcomes procrastina- single mom juggling her three enjoy using it. At Swallow’s October seminar tion; it’s something that goes in children’s sports and musical “I get things done faster, with at the Catalyst Ranch, she sugwaves.” activities. less stress,” Burud said. gested that Thoma drop multiAs people start thinking about Burud hired Swallow in 2004 Swallow said everyone deals tasking and focus on one role at how to change their lives in the for one-on-one sessions to help with varying degrees of procras- a time. new year, getting a grip on pro- her get organized and stop pro- tination. But a turning point for “It has really made a differcrastination is one way to ﬁnd crastinating. Burud said a key her came when she paid off a ence,” Thoma said. “I truly get some peace, said Swallow, presi- tip that Swallow suggested was credit card (or so she thought), more done in less time.” dent of M. Runge and Associates to break her tasks down into only to get a statement showSwallow said there is no one(mrunge.com). small steps to avoid discourage- ing she still owed 98 cents. She size-ﬁts-all approach for over“How important is it for you ment. intended to ﬁght it and put the coming procrastination. to save that time?” Austin said. “Before, I would put on my to- bill in a pile of papers, and then “I know one girlfriend who “How important is it for you to do list: ‘Create sales handbook forgot about it. A month went keeps all of her `to-dos’ on her get those things done and not for Client XYZ.’ Well, there’s like by, and the new bill came with a cell phone,” Swallow said. “She have it hanging over your head nine distinct items in that one $28 late fee. can’t stand (desk planners) and when you go to bed at midnight statement,” Burud said. “I’ve never been late with a she can’t stand the computer, tonight?” Now, her to-do list might say: payment again,” Swallow said. but her cell phone works.” Even if she were in bed before Write copy for handbook. CreLaura Thoma of Brookﬁeld, If you’re able to make progress midnight, Maria Burud of Chi- ate Power Point. Send handbook Ill., a former professional danc- on your procrastination, you’ll cago would ﬁnd herself wak- to printer. Buy binders. Pick up er who is now a creativity coach ﬁnd the reward goes beyond ing up with concerns about the handbooks from printer. As- and jewelry designer, wasn’t having more time, Swallow said. coming day. semble binders. feeling overwhelmed by the size “You can fully enjoy your eveFour years ago, she launched She also has gotten better or- of one project; she simply was ning and your time with famher own sales training and con- ganized, she said, using her PDA buried with too many projects ily and friends,” Swallow said. sulting ﬁrm, the Zanon Group, for long-term appointments and going at once. “It allows you to be a lot more after years as an executive with a hardcover notebook to track “Usually I would multitask present, even if you just want a technology companies. She no daily activities. Swallow told her until I was completely over- quiet night for reading a book longer had an assistant to keep to buy a notebook she found whelmed and no task was com- by yourself.”
Michael E. Perez/Star illustration
Mariachi band brings home honors at winter competition By Jeffery Hooten The University Star Texas State’s mariachi group spent the holidays celebrating its ﬁrst-place victory at Ford Motor Company’s 12th Annual Mariachi Vargas Extravaganza group competition. Mariachi Nueva Generación grabbed the top spot in its fourth year of competition. The event was held Dec.1 at the San Antonio Municipal Auditorium, and takes place during the ﬁrst week of December each year. It is the largest mariachi group competition of its kind. The competing groups are divided into three categories, according to age: Elementary or middle school, high school and college or university. “It’s the deﬁnitive competition for mariachi groups in Texas,” said John Lopez, associate professor of the school of music and director of Mariachi Nueva Generación. Members of Mariachi Vargas de Tecalitlán judged the competition. Mariachi Vargas was founded in 1897, according to the group’s Web site. Part of the prize for ﬁrst place winners in each category was the opportunity to open for Mariachi Vargas de Tecalitlán at a sold out concert the night following the competition. “It was a great privilege,” said Angie Garcia, music education senior and student director of Mariachi Nueva Generación. Mariachi Nueva Generación competed against four other university groups: Mariachi OLLU of Our Lady of the Lake University, Mariachi Javelina of Texas A&M-Kingsville and Mariachi Escorpion and Mariachi Luna Azteca, both of the University of Texas at Brownsville.
t’s important to keep a traditional style, but to play with a more evolutionary style as well.”
—Cirilo Campos music education junior
In its previous attempts at the competition the group ﬁnished second twice and third once. Lopez said the victory was largely because of vocals. “All mariachis have to be good vocalists, as well as musicians,” Lopez said. “We have world class vocalists.” Cirilo Campos, music education junior arranged the pieces that the group performed during the competition, which included versions of Del Altar a la Tumba and Popurrí Miguel Aceves Mejía. Campos said that while putting together the pieces for their performance, he paid special attention to the vocal range and individual qualities that each of the group’s members possess. “When I decide on a person I’m going to give a solo to, I consider their voice,” Campos said. Campos said he feels that style is the most important aspect of a mariachi group and that Mariachi Nueva Generación’s unique sound set it apart from the competition. “It’s important to keep a traditional style, but to play with a more evolutionary style as well,” Campos said. Garcia said that it was the group’s individuality that helped them secure their victory. “We played really good music — original and different,” Garcia said.
Page B4 - The University Star
Bobcat Country Print to be new face of Texas State
Courtesy of Media Relations BOBCAT PRIDE: Texas State unveiled “Bobcat Country” by Wade Butler in December to promote the university. Revenue from prints sold goes toward scholarships.
By Maira Garcia The University Star Texas State’s mascot has been immortalized in the ﬁrst of a series of limited edition ﬁne art prints. “Bobcat Country,” a painting created by renowned wildlife artist and thenSouthwest Texas State alumnus Wade Butler, features a bobcat on Jim Wacker Field with a football helmet, jersey and football. The print was released for sale in December. Michael Heintze, associate vice president of enrollment management, said the initial purpose of creating the prints was to promote the university toward students, staff, alumni and the general public of Texas. “We wanted prints that would put forward the strengths and traditions that would create a brand image and strengthen the image of the university,” Heintze said. Heintze said the plan is to release about two prints a year over the coming years. The revenue created by the sale of the prints will go back to students in the form of scholarships. “We had no interest in this as a money-
making venture,” he said. “We decided it was best to direct the resources toward students. It is more than a symbolic contribution toward scholarships; it’s a way to give back to the institution.” Heintze said, “Bobcat Country” has been well-received by the public and sales have been “very brisk.” The decision to have Butler create the artwork was because of his status as distinguished alumnus and reputation as an artist, Heintze said. Butler graduated from then-SWT in 1969 with a degree in ﬁsheries, biology and chemistry. Butler said he worked for the Texas Department of Parks and Wildlife for 15 years before turning to art. “It was my wife’s idea. I played with ink and drawing and was interested in art,” he said. Butler decided he would quit his job once his wife returned to working as teacher. He said she encouraged him to pursue his art for a few years to see what happened. “All I did was draw in the beginning. I started to do little shows and make a little money. I started specializing and won some awards,” Butler said. Butler said he draws his inspiration
from what he knew best as an avid hunter and ﬁsherman: the outdoors. “Artists tend to gravitate toward what they know about. I could create scenes you would have seen and haven’t seen when I used to be unable to hunt and ﬁsh,” he said. When it came to creating “Bobcat Country,” he used photos he shot of a bobcat that a friend kept as a pet. While the bobcat didn’t have the exact appearance he was looking for, he said he used other images to create the color and mane. Eventually, the print will be used in other mediums, Heintze and Butler said. “It will go into soft goods, once it has lived out its life as a print. We will get the image on items such as T-shirts and sweatshirts in the future,” Heintze said.
✯FYI To purchase a limited edition Bobcat Country print, visit umktg.txstate. edu/butler_painting.html and download the order form.
Tuesday, January 16, 2007
Jolie ascends Wal-Mart crowd in heavenly likeness By Martha Waggoner Indiana Daily Student (Indiana U.) RALEIGH, N.C. — A North Carolina artist intrigued by the public obsession with celebrity has found herself feeding that obsession with a painting of actress Angelina Jolie as the Virgin Mary hovering over a Wal-Mart checkout line. Kate Kretz has painted for 20 years, but none of her previous work has garnered the attention given “Blessed Art Thou,” showing this weekend at Art Miami, an annual exposition of modern and contemporary art. The painting has gotten much attention from celebrity Websites and web logs. Since the buzz started, the number of daily unique visitors to Kretz’s own blog has jumped from an average of 30 to 15,000 on Wednesday. “My intention was to ask a question and get people to think,” Kretz said in a telephone interview Friday from Miami. “I had no idea so many people would be asking a question and thinking.” The painting — acrylic and oil on linen — depicts an angelic Jolie in the clouds, holding her newborn daughter, Shiloh, with children Maddox and Zahara at her legs. Below them is a Wal-Mart checkout line. The painting is for sale for $50,000 through Chelsea Galleria in Miami, which represents Kretz. On her blog, Kretz, 43, said the painting addresses “the celebrity worship cycle.” She said she chose Jolie for the subject “because of her unavoidable presence in the media, the worldwide anticipation of her child, her ‘unattainable’ beauty and the good that she is doing in the world through her example, which adds another layer to the already complicated questions surrounding her status.” Washington Post art critic Blake Gopnik, asked to comment about
Chuck Kennedy/MCT CELEBRITY WORSHIP: Angelina Jolie has been transformed into a heavenly ﬁgure through artist Kate Kretz’s painting.
y “M intention was to ask a question and get people to think. I had no idea so many people would be asking a question and thinking.”
— Kate Kretz artist
“Blessed Art Thou” on a Post blog, was unimpressed. “Once you’ve deciphered it, there’s not much chance of giving it a second look,” Gopnik wrote.
Tuesday, January 16, 2007
The University Star - Page B5
The Rapture is coming to your PC Left Behind franchise moves to video games By Lee Heerten Daily Nebraskan (U. Nebraska) LINCOLN, Neb. — Convert or kill? Prayer or violence? Worship or weapons? These are the choices that face players of the new video game Left Behind: Eternal Forces. The game, based on the popular book series Left Behind, puts players in a post-rapture world where they must battle for souls against the Global Community Peacekeepers — forces of the antichrist. Peacekeepers include rock stars, secularists, cult leaders, activists and others who will prevent them from praying, saving souls and building churches. Though Left Behind Games Inc. has deemed the game a success, it has sold over 65,000 copies in the six weeks since its release. However, it has also stirred up controversy. Critics say that the game is too violent and promotes religious intolerance; proponents defend the game, saying it rewards peaceful strategies and is an alternative to other violent video games. “Parents need a substitute for the degrading moral values of games like Grand Theft Auto. We’re giving the industry (a real-time strategy) game that is fun to play as well as incorporating inspirational content,” said Left Behind Games in a statement to so-called mainstream media on the game’s Web site. Many, including Jessica Lauer, a senior philosophy and religious studies major at the
University of Nebraska-Lincoln, share this sentiment. “I think it’s good to have a Christian-based game out there,” Lauer said. Lauer isn’t sure if Left Behind: Eternal Forces is the game to have, though. “The game seems to be making light of prayer. It’s the same (in Eternal Forces) as getting stars in Mario,” she said. In the game, the ability to pray is one of the “special abilities” that various characters afﬁliated with the Tribulation Force have to win; they need to obtain new converts and ﬁght the powers of the Peacekeepers. Though Lauer has not played the game, her research and beliefs have led her to believe that turning a religious faith into a video game is not the best answer. “I’m just not comfortable with the game,” she said. Several groups calling for a boycott of the game join Lauer. CrossWalk America, a group of moderate and progressive Christians, is petitioning for the game to be removed from store shelves. Their petition, which quotes Courtesy of Left Behind Games from the Left Behind: Eternal Forces game manual, states that FIGHTING THE GOOD FIGHT: The Left Behind series has released Left Behind: Eternal Forces, which is being advertised as a Christian the game “teaches teens that alternative to violent video games currently on the market. humanitarian aid workers who are not Christian, including retailers, Lincoln gamers inter“There’s not a big call for not stock the title. For PC games, only the top 10 medics, nurses, and doctors, ested in playing this title may Christian video games; there’s Target, the biggest retailer titles make it into their stores, have ‘had the veil of the anti- have difﬁculties ﬁnding the more of a call for Christian of the game, has four copies in said Ryan Miller, vice-president christ’s deceit pulled over their game off-line. books and DVDs,” Elias said. stock in their Lincoln stores. of Gamers. eyes’ and are therefore part of Deb Elias, the owner and “We’ve had some other video Lincoln Wal-Marts don’t have “We’re not getting involved in the enemy forces who may be manager of Lemstone Christian games on the shelf, you know any. the controversy. We let the conkilled.” Store in Lincoln, does not stock Adventures in Odyssey, but it Video game retailer Gam- sumer decide what they want.” Although Left Behind Games’ the game. The controversy sur- just wasn’t a big seller.” ers doesn’t have the game Miller said. press releases boast that the title rounding it is not a reason, she Family Christian Book Store, and doesn’t expect to see it in “Of course, we want them to is available at more than 10,000 says. another Christian retailer, does stores. purchase wisely.”
From resolution to a new lifestyle: The right gym can help achieve goals By Cecilia Oleck Detroit Free Press It’s here. After reveling, imbibing and overdoing it on the sweets and treats prevalent in the waning weeks of 2006, now it’s back-to-the-gym time. If your plan for the New Year is to get in shape, know that you’re not alone. Health clubs report an average 12 percent spike in new memberships in January, the highest increase all year. But just signing up for the gym isn’t enough (sorry!). Regular gym-goers often laugh among themselves that while new members ﬁll the place for a few weeks, it’s not long before their resolve weakens. So how can you get the most out of your newfound determination to ﬁt ﬁtness into your life? Experts say ﬁnding a gym or ﬁtness club where you feel comfortable and physically challenged and that jibes with your health goals are the key. Take Tim Foehl, who feels so at home at Muscles Gym in St. Clair Shores, Mich., that he brings his bulldog Harley with him to work out. And that’s OK with everyone else. “He’s our mascot,” said Rose Schroeder, co-owner of the gym, who holds Harley’s leash while Foehl, 45, pumps iron. That level of comfort is one of the reasons Foehl ﬁnds his workouts so enjoyable. Located in a small brick building with
blue awnings over the windows, Muscles, Foehl says, is the kind of place where everybody knows your name. And if they don’t know it, they’ll make up a nickname for you. “It’s not a meat market,” said Foehl, a tractor-trailer owner/ operator and bouncer who has worked out at the gym for about two decades. “A lot of these people I’ve known for years. It feels like a family.” That grunting, dropping heavy weights and listening to loud music, banned in many ﬁtness centers, are all allowed at Muscles is one of the reasons its loyalists — many of them police ofﬁcers and ﬁreﬁghters — prefer working out there. How should you go about ﬁnding your ideal gym? We put together a guide to help.
Finding the right gym The International Health, Racquet and Sportsclub Association offers the following tips. Identify your ﬁtness goals and look for a health club that offers programs and services to help you achieve them. Ask friends and co-workers where they work out and why. Look for a health club close to home or work. A convenient location will make it easier to get there on a regular basis — and it will increase the likelihood that you’ll stick to your new exercise
routine. Visit a health club during the timeframe when you are most likely to work out. This will help you gauge whether the club meets your needs and expectations. Also ask if you can get a trial membership before committing to a long-term plan. Choose a club that makes you feel comfortable. Check the locker rooms, equipment and club amenities to determine if the facility is well organized and clean. Talk to ﬁtness instructors about their programs and ask
when classes are held and who attends. This will help determine if the club offers classes that interest you and are appropriate for your ﬁtness level. (Also ﬁnd out if ﬁtness classes are included in your membership plan or if they cost extra.) If you have a speciﬁc health challenge, look for a club that has a personal trainer or ﬁtness instructor certiﬁed to work with people who have health challenges. Talk to the trainers to get a sense of how open they are to speak with you about your special needs. And don’t be afraid to
ask them about their credentials or to see their certiﬁcation. When you join a club, ask about the membership agreement terms and review the application details thoroughly. Be sure that you understand the cancellation policy, billing procedures, length
of the agreement and membership renewal process to prevent confusion about your membership in the future. And don’t ever feel pressured to sign on the spot. You are entitled to take the contract home and read it before you make a ﬁnal decision.
Page B6 - The University Star
Tuesday, January 16, 2007
Artists finding employment in the grocer business By Alfred Lubrano The Philadelphia Inquirer PHILADELPHIA — Certain supermarkets these days overﬂow with whimsy and rare cheeses. Whole Foods Markets and Trader Joe’s stores especially market themselves as food funhouses in which humor and a passion for all things edible are meant to be part of the shopping adventure. Enhancing the experience is the food art. Each Whole Food Markets and Trader Joe’s employs artists who create signs, murals, chalkboards and graphics to communicate the corporate wit along with the prices. Katie Lanciano, a 28-year-old graduate of Moore College of Art and Design, is the full-time, instore artist at the Whole Foods Market on Callowhill Street in Philadelphia. Funny, innovative and energetic, Lanciano does what she said just 25 percent of friends with ﬁne-arts degrees do: Work as an artist every day. “I relate Whole Foods to the Medicis,” she said, referring to
the wealthy Renaissance family that bankrolled great artists. “Art needs money, and Whole Foods provides it. I’m very lucky.” For Lanciano — who started working at the market at the juice bar — luck means having the opportunity to draw a blue octopus squeezing a huge orange for a sign over the juice section. “A person who works here suggested it,” Lanciano said. “He told me he had a vision in his sleep.” Your typical supermarket, Lanciano said with an exaggerated scowl, would not commission a depiction of an employee’s bizarre dream. Lanciano has license to make the store into her canvas. Thus, there’s an Asian art deco woman with a fan in the ﬁsh section; a chicken laying an egg that travels via tube from a farm to a city kitchen (another employee vision); a strong fellow picking sunset-red apples in a lush orchard. “I like agrarian culture,” Lanciano said. “And I veer toward work, not slacking. I want to show people being industrious.”
She uses latex wall paint, ammonia-based chalk paint and black paint markers for much of the art. She tries to keep the same color scheme going throughout the store: green, red, brown and blue. “The colors remind people where the food comes from,” Lanciano said. Occasionally, she will reﬂect citywide art happenings among the food. Thus, when the Salvador Dali exhibition was in town, Lanciano created homage to a painting by the master with a tiger leaping out of a ﬁsh for the seafood section. Ameliorating matters when she can, Lanciano reproduced a man depicted on the package of Isigny Ste. Mere French brie. The guy on the label has no ears, but Lanciano generously provided him with a pair on a store sign. Several employees have asked her to draw their heads onto the bodies of animals, but so far she’s resisted. “Those would be some gruesome images,” she said, laughing. Lanciano would like to use her husband, Michael — a store
butcher — on a sign, but the favoritism “creeps him out,” she said. Too bad, Lanciano said. She had some fun ideas. “Katie has a wicked sense of humor and brings that out,” said Sarah Kenney, director of marketing for Whole Foods’ Mid-Atlantic region. “Store artists like her pick up on shoppers’ vibes and what they’d appreciate, and then give it to them, like any commercial artist. We want to show we don’t take ourselves too seriously.” In a world where the big competition is Wal-Mart, more stores are realizing they can’t win customers by lowering prices, said Bridget Goldschmidt, managing editor of Progressive Grocer, a publication that covers food retailing. Places such as Whole Foods and Trader Joe’s, then, ﬁnd new ways to compete, with art being yet another effort to lure shoppers. “A lot of stores are looking into giving people a shopping experience you won’t get anywhere else, or products you won’t see anywhere else,” Goldschmidt said. “I haven’t heard of any other stores
Tom Gralish/Philadelphia Inquirer GROCERY VAN GOGH: A Whole Foods Market backboard created by staff artist Katie Lanciano at the store on Dec. 18 in Philadelphia,
using artists, but programs like that will create an ambience that sets Whole Foods and Trader Joe’s apart.” Working hard to look appealing in Philly’s Market Street Trader Joe’s, in-store artists Eric Long, Mandy Heck and Ellis Jones combine city images with the store’s trademark nautical/Polynesian
themes. On a recent day, Heck, of West Philadelphia, was drawing a blank trying to incorporate a New Year’s theme with soy and ﬂaxseed tortilla chips and corn-and-chile salsa. “I have a little time,” she said, nervously. Whatever it is, Heck assures us, “it’ll be fun.”
Midwest farmers business opportunity selling goods to local university By Repps Hudson St. Louis Post-Dispatch ST. LOUIS — Universities and colleges crave a steady diet of meat, vegetables, fruit and other food for hungry students. Take the University of Missouri at Columbia, where students consumed nearly 2 million meals in residence dining halls last year, according to a story in the alumni magazine Mizzou. That daunting statistic includes 51,500 pounds of fresh tomatoes, 9 tons of cheddar cheese and 160 tons of french fries. Likewise, local farmers need J.B. Forbes/St. Louis Post-Dispatch strong markets year-round for their meat, produce, milk and FARM FRESH: Dave Hillebrand carries two buckets of eggs on eggs. But small local farms can- Dec. 21 into his house near New Florence, Mo., Hillebrand collects not totally ﬁll the orders needed eggs nightly for sale in St. Louis. to satisfy a campus of hungry students, day after day, through - Locally grown food is fresher ier food that isn’t treated with all the seasons. and doesn’t have to travel far, chemicals or additives. That fact hasn’t deterred pro- which means a longer cooler or - Valuable relationships are ponents who believe in provid- shelf life while cutting down on formed between local consuming students with fresher, more fuel consumption and harmful ers and farmers that can rebuild nutritious food, and small farm- engine emissions. a food-supply infrastructure. ers a decent living. - The universities have ﬁrstHendrickson is always searchMary Hendrickson, a rural so- hand knowledge of the farmers ing for ways to strengthen ciologist with University of Mis- who grow the food. small-family farms in the face of souri Extension, lists beneﬁts: - The students have health- large-scale, industrial agriculture
that turns out meat, vegetables and other produce on a mass scale. Her latest effort is coaxing food service managers and supply companies, such as U.S. Food Service of Columbia, Md., which supplies Mizzou (a slang term for University of Missouri at Columbia) and Washington University, to search for and buy from local farmers. Hendrickson persuaded the food service at Mizzou to feature Missouri apples — Jonathan, red and golden delicious — in one dining hall in the fall of 2005. Campus dining halls highlighted Missouri apples again this fall. And on March 9, campus-dining facilities served more than 3,000 meals featuring allMissouri products except spinach. Those included pork loin, goat cheese, grape juice and pecan pies. The university’s agriculture experiment stations also have come through with tomatoes, pumpkins and decorative gourds, Hendrickson said. U.S. Food Service has been providing Mizzou’s dining facili-
ties with watermelons grown in St. Louis County by Thies Farm and Greenhouses Inc., said Dave Thies, whose family-owned commercial farm is a ﬁfth-generation operation. Thies said the biggest obstacle for colleges and universities who want to buy locally is the short growing season, which means fresh vegetables may be hard to ﬁnd during the normal September-through-May school year. Hendrickson readily admits that many producers may not be ready for prime time. “It’s not easy. I won’t lie to you,” she told about 30 interested farmers at the Small Farm Show in Columbia in early November. “Farmers don’t return phone calls quickly. Many don’t have answering machines. They’re not set up to take credit cards.” “You have to know how to produce, and you have to know how to market,” she said. Or, as Marc Foley, executive chef for Bon Appetit Management Co.’s operations at Washington University, put it: “It’s a learning curve on both sides.” Bon Appetit, which is based in
Palo Alto, Calif., has food-service contracts with 190 accounts in 26 states, including Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Duke University. At Washington University, Foley said, Bon Appetit serves 8,000 to 12,000 meals a day at 17 locations. Foley said a corporate mission for the national food-service company is to buy most of the food it serves within 150 miles. “Our goal is to do an entire cafeteria with local foods,” he said. “But it’s hard to create the relationships with farmers. It’s hard to sustain. Part of it is the skepticism on the part of farmers.” Some farmers say restaurateurs have burned them or chefs who promise to buy their produce or meat, only to ﬁnd they have changed their minds. But that risk hasn’t deterred Jolene Benne, who supplies chickens and beef to Fresh Gatherings, a cafeteria on the St. Louis University campus that features locally grown food. “I’m the seventh generation on this farm. That’s why I’m trying to hang onto it. We like the lifestyle,” Benne said.
Tuesday, January 16, 2007
The University Star - Page B7
Romantic yet simple theme for spring here will “T be an emphasis on the By Laura Jamison The University Star
Nautical is the catchy anthem fashion experts are chanting for the spring season as the winter trend toward volume tones down. Jennifer Yurchisin, fashion merchandising lecturer, may believe in too much hairspray, but a bubble skirt with a “sort of a hoola hoop on the bottom,” was all the rage this winter. As for the spring, Alyssa Adomaitis, fashion merchandising assistant professor, said it will be resort wear that is reminiscent of “rich people who go on cruises in November.” Yurchisin said the nearly ending winter trend relies on the ’80s for inspiration, but with a slight modiﬁcation. “I think there are a lot of nontraditional colors like red and purples. We have the ’80s inﬂuence and style but its paired with neutral colors like black or gray, mixing the volume with the brightness,” she said. However, Adomaitis foresees a different trend. “Winter is kind of over. Everything is on sale,” Adomaitis said. For the spring she predicts yellow, bright yellow, green and brown jewel tones and the nautical color scheme. “Stripes is going to be huge: Broad rugby type stripes. There are nautical and sailing themes with red, white and blue. Navy and off white will be big too … it is resort wear translated over to the summer,” Adomaitis said. Rachel Jones, Armani Exchange associate manager, works in the San Marcos Prime Outlets and reafﬁrmed this trend in their spring collection. “Resort wear, cruise line wear and yellow is going to be really huge. Black and white, and even sporty stuff with hoods is also in,” she said.
legs this year.”
-Alyssa Adomaitis fashion merchandising assistant professor
For men Jones said the straight leg, track jackets and sporty clothes will be in, while womens’ fashion will include the slim leg jean. While belts necklaces and layering have been popular in past seasons, Yurchisin and Adomaitis both feel simplifying will be in for this season, including with makeup. “There is going to be strict minimalism like the retro of the ’60s — pale lips and thick eyes,” Adomaitis said. Even bathing suits meet a “clean” standard this spring. “Bathing suits will be in greens and browns. They are very clean and nice this year,” Adomaitis said. Lucite, a plastic-like material, is also emerging in high-end retail stores. “Now Calvin Klein and DKNY are doing sandals and heels in this. It is going to be popular,” Adomaitis said. But Audrey Hepburn-ballet ﬂats and platforms will still be popular this spring according to Adomaitis. There will also be baby doll dresses with a touch of romance. “The baby doll dresses will be much more romantic with bows and a little lace. The lace will be fringed; its called lettuce edging … there will be an emphasis on the legs this year,” Adomatais said. She summed up her spring premonition saying, “opposites attract. It is romantic yet still simple.”
Yomiuri Shimbun/MCT ON DISPLAY (ABOVE): A combination of sharp silhouettes and tidy designs created the dominant look at the 2007 Spring/Summer Tokyo Collections at Japan Fashion Week held in September. G.V.G.V. dresses — many with scooped-hems — featured soft hues, bustles and bows.
Steve Wood/Express Syndication SPRING COLORS (ABOVE): A model wears an outﬁt from the Matthew Williamson spring 2007 collection during a show that is part of New York’s Fashion Week on Sept. 14. Spring dresses with a romantic and colorful ﬂair will highlight the season. Yomiuri Shimbun/MCT WALK THE LINE (RIGHT): A combination of sharp silhouettes and tidy designs created the dominant look at the 2007 Spring/Summer Tokyo Collections at Japan Fashion Week held in September. Osaka-born South Korean designer Han Ahn Soon enjoyed using bright, vivid colors — emerald green, shocking pink, sky-blue and so on — and brought them together in top, belt and skirt ensembles.
Improper dress quickly become staple of the generation ids aren’t being told what to “K wear. Someone hasn’t taken a moment to tell them what is By Robin Cowie Nalepa McClatchy Newspapers
COLUMBIA, S.C. — Jeans don’t belong at the symphony, or stilettos at the stadium. But how do you know what’s right? Stilettos and strapless dresses at football games. Baseball caps and shorts at theatrical events. Bare midriffs in the workplace. Miniskirts at church. We are a nation confused — confused, it appears, by what to wear, when. Remember the women’s college lacrosse team members who sported gracious smiles, lovely sun dresses and ﬂip-ﬂops to meet President Bush at the White House? A generation, or two, of Americans don’t know or seem to care about what is appropriate dress. On a recent evening at the Koger Center for the Arts in Columbia, S.C., the South Carolina Philharmonic presented Club Swing. Onstage, musicians and singers dressed to impress in tuxedos and ﬂoor-length gowns.
-Jeannie Weingarth house manager, Koger Center for the Arts
The performance was a musical homage to an era when clothes made the man and women glowed with sophisticated glamour. It was a time when going to the theater — or for that matter, the grocery store — meant dressing to impress. Not so anymore. Spotted among the theater audience was a young man wearing shorts and a backwards ball cap. Another couple matched in faded jeans and ﬂip-ﬂops. A too-tight sleeveless tank and an oversized white T-shirt topped their ensembles. Jeannie Weingarth, house manager at the Koger Center, said dress for Pops Series events, such as Club Swing, generally was more casual than at traditional theater offerings. In her 12 years at the venue, she has
watched audience attire change dramatically. “Kids aren’t being told what to wear,” she said. “Someone hasn’t taken a moment to tell them what is appropriate.” Teachers often ask what students should wear to performances, Weingarth said. A standard answer: “not saggy, baggy and draggy.” “You want them to be comfortable but respectful at the same time,” she said. Libby Fleming Coynor, who attended the Club Swing performance, said she and her husband, John, also had observed more casual dress at theater events. Coynor said dressing appropriately was about showing respect for oneself, the performers and other audience members.
Those who dress casually tend to behave in the same manner — some even kicking back with their feet up on the theater seats, Weingarth said. “We dress appropriate for the venue and behavior follows,” she said. Sara Hopper, a young professional in Columbia, who attends social, government and arts functions weekly — sometimes several times a week — has seen a wide array of dress, depending on the type of event and who is host. “You never know what to expect,” Hopper said. “When they say something is cocktail, you may see an actual black cocktail dress or you may see a skirt with a sweater.” What should one wear to a spirited football game? Easy, right? Wrong. Many spectators take on the ﬁst-pumping and cheering decked out in school colors and casual attire. Yet, what’s the explanation for women in cleavage-baring cocktail dresses and high heels tailgating around WilliamsBrice Stadium on any given football Saturday? Many risk
wardrobe malfunctions and aching feet from enthusiastic cheering and hours of standing on concrete. Samantha Martin, a University of South Carolina student, didn’t get it the ﬁrst time she saw people dressing up for football. “I’m from up North,” Martin said. “We wore sweatshirts.” Martin thinks people in the South tend to dress up more, whether it is for football or going out at night. She says she now believes dressing for games is a fun tradition and even admits to dressing up more herself, with one caveat: “I can’t do the shoes,” she
said. “No heels.” Caroline Hulett, a member of Delta Zeta sorority at USC, admits to wearing a dressy black cocktail dress and heels to a game, but found the outﬁt uncomfortable. She said her sorority did not require her to dress a speciﬁc way for games. Now she chooses jeans and a Gamecock T-shirt for game day. Comfort, however, shouldn’t always dictate dress, Hulett said. “I see people go to class in their pajamas,” she said. “You are an adult; you should take the time to shower and look presentable.”
Page B8 - The University Star
Tuesday, January 16, 2007
Tuesday, January 16, 2007
The University Star - Page B9
The hipster with the iPod could be the hipster with hearing loss By Marla Jo Fisher Orange County Register SANTA ANA, Calif. — About two years ago, University of California, Irvine professor Fan-Gang Zeng started noticing something alarming among his students: unexplained hearing loss. In each of his biomedical engineering classes, Zeng said, he’s found several students with the type of damaged hearing you normally wouldn’t see until 50 or 60 years of age. It’s been two years since the phenomenon began. And that’s about how long it’s been since the MP3 player became a campus staple for college students nationwide. Coincidence? He doesn’t think so. “We can’t say for sure it’s from MP3 players, but I don’t know what else has changed,” said Zeng, a researcher specializing in hearing loss. “The climate and the food are the same.”
Another UCI hearing expert, Hamid Djalilian, is also concerned about the effects of MP3 players, and said parents are bringing in more and more teenagers complaining of ringing in their ears. Young children can suffer even more damage from loud music or toys, because their ear canals are shorter and not fully developed. “A lot of times it’s not recognized, because kids don’t complain,” Djalilian said. Experts say the problems are probably caused by the use of “ear buds” that sit inside the ear, coupled with the increased length of listening time available, compared to previous portable music players. Most MP3 players come with stock ear buds, which unlike headphones that sit outside the ear, ﬁt snugly in the ear canal and do not allow any sound to escape. Because the sound is digital, listeners can crank it up louder
without the distortion faced by previous technologies. One of Apple’s initial slogans for the iPod was “Play It Loud.” And, because MP3 players can store hours and hours of music, users can listen all day without stopping — producing an unending barrage of sound. At least with older audio devices such as portable compact disc players, the listener had to stop and change the CD or restart it. Over the past year, MP3 manufacturers have begun to respond to complaints about the problem. A class action suit was ﬁled against Apple Computer in February in the U.S. District Court in San Jose, Calif., alleging that the company had not done enough to protect its customers’ hearing. The suit also sought to force Apple to offer a way to limit volume. A few weeks later, Apple introduced a free software upgrade that allows owners to set
volume limits on their iPods. Parents can create limits that kids can’t change at will. An Apple spokesman did not return a phone call seeking comment. “If it were my kid, I would make sure they never have that iPod more than level 6 volume,” Djalilian said. “At level seven, you can listen for four hours a day or so, after that there’s a potential for hearing loss. At level eight, no more than an hour and a half.” When sound waves enter your ears, they vibrate tiny hair-like cells, sending nerve impulses to your brain that tell you to hear. Loud noises damage those hair cells, usually temporarily at ﬁrst, when they can be bent out of shape. This causes ringing in the ears or temporary deafness. Extremely loud noises, such as a close gunshot, can immediately destroy hearing cells. See HEARING, page 10
Ana Venegas/Orange County Register TURN IT DOWN: Dr. Hamid Djalilian, hearing expert at the University of California Irvine Medical Center, is concerned about the effects of MP3 players on teenagers’ hearing.
Study shows crammed knowledge has less chance of ‘sticking’ By Lisa Black Chicago Tribune CHICAGO — College freshman Edie Weiner arrived home for winter break on a Saturday night, fell into her childhood bed and didn’t get up for 20 hours. By the time the 18 year old stumbled out from hibernation at 5 p.m. the next day, her parents were growing a bit anxious. Weiner, like many of her classmates, was recovering from a sleepless, caffeine-fueled week of cramming for ﬁnals — a sort of celebrated ritual that has long played out on college campuses. But while some parents may be annoyed about their teenagers’ unusual sleep patterns when they return home for break — the word “lazy” might even be muttered on occasion — medical experts describe the students as sleep-deprived and say new research provides cause for concern. A study published in the Dec.
18 issue of the Nature Neuroscience journal examined how memories are processed in the brain during sleep. During the non-dreaming portion of sleep, the brain replays the day’s events, helping people reﬂect on recent happenings and learn from them, said Matthew Wilson, a neuroscientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Picower Institute for Learning and Memory. The bottom line: Information crammed into the brain during a sleepless night has less chance of sticking. When deprived of sleep, students may be able to regurgitate information they’ve memorized overnight, but they have decreased their ability to understand its meaning or to apply it to future experience. “Sleep isn’t just a passive event,” said Wilson, co-author of the study, which interpreted the memories of rats by inserting electrodes into their brains. “The best way to take advan-
tage of sleep is to have it interspersed between periods of wakefulness in a regular way,” Wilson said. Parents may feel better about cramming for exams because they see that when their exhausted students return home for break, they sleep excessively to catch up. “They are trying to replenish themselves,” said Dr. Phyllis Zee, a neurology professor and director of Northwestern University’s Center for Sleep and Circadian Biology. But both she and Wilson said sleep gained days later isn’t as beneﬁcial as systematic sleep. “You can’t make up for the lack of past sleep by just loading up on it,” Wilson said. Adding to the problem, Zee said, is that many students don’t return to a healthy sleep pattern after recuperating from exam week. Since emerging from her sleepa-thon, Weiner often awakens at
9 a.m. for breakfast, then naps from 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. before heading out the door to hang with friends until 2 a.m. or so. “(My parents) don’t think it’s typical, but I do,” said Weiner, a freshman at Southern Illinois University. Weiner conceded she spent too much time socializing at school and found herself sleeping through some of her classes. She isn’t sure she will resume her equine studies classes next semester. “She just went kind of crazy at school,” her mother, Gwen Weiner, said with a sigh. “Where the problem comes in is the maturity and making the right decisions.” Researchers are still studying the long-term ramiﬁcations of sleep deprivation, but this much they know: It can lead to chronic fatigue, depressed moods, irritability, headaches and weight gain. Studies also show there is a re-
lationship between people who sleep less than six hours on average and the likelihood of developing metabolic disorders, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disorders and high blood pressure, Zee said. While few studies have focused on college students, researchers know that teens often begin to sleep less during their high school years, when their circadian rhythms, or internal clocks, shift by several hours, she said.
The independent National Sleep Foundation released poll results last March showing that only 20 percent of adolescents get the recommended nine hours of sleep on school nights. The poll, which consisted of a random phone survey of 1,602 caregivers and their children in grades six through 12, also reported that as the child ages, the amount of sleep declines. By 12th grade, the students slept an average of 6.9 hours nightly.
What’s at stake?
Your memory: A recent study said that during the nondreaming portion of sleep, the brain replays the day, which helps people reflect on events and how to learn from them. Information crammed over a sleepless night has less chance of sticking. - Long-term sleep deprivation: Can lead to chronic fatigue, depressed moods, irritability, headaches and weight gain. - Best way to take advantage: Intersperse sleep between periods of wakefulness in a regular way.
Page B10 - The University Star
Tuesday, January 16, 2007
HEARING: sounds louder than 85 decibels can damage hearing CONTINUED from page 9
But they can also be killed by repeated waves of loud sound, such as those coming in from digital music headphones or speakers at a concert. Longer exposure equals a greater chance of permanent damage. Sounds that are 85 decibels or louder — about one-quarter of the maximum volume on some MP3 players — can damage hearing, at least temporarily. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health sets a safe exposure limit for workplace noise of 85 decibels spread over eight hours a day. The maximum volume on an iPod ranges from 115 to 125 decibels, depending on the model and who’s doing the measuring.
Apple had to pull its iPods from the shelves in France temporarily, because their output exceeded that country’s 100-decibel sound limit. This year the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association released results from a lab test of top volumes for several models of MP3 players. The players’ maximum volume ranged from 108 to 125 decibels. By the time pain is felt in the ears from loud noises, a person’s hearing has been permanently damaged. “The kind of hearing loss we’re talking about is not going to show up when they’re teenagers,” said Brian Fligor, director of diagnostic audiology at Children’s Hospital Boston. “It will show up when they are in their 20s and 30s.” Fligor, who teaches at Harvard Medical School, compared the damage to the cumulative
effect of too many sunburns on the skin. “Doctors refer to it as acoustic trauma; normally it comes from explosions and gunshots.” Fligor said parents should model responsible noise control for their children, by wearing earplugs when mowing the lawn, ﬁring guns or using power tools, for example. “Parents should have conversations with their kids about not abusing their ears at clubs and concerts,” Fligor said. Other experts agreed, pointing out that musicians now use earplugs onstage to avoid the kind of hearing damage faced by ﬁrst-generation rockers. “Most musicians are smart enough now to be aware of hearing loss — but pity the poor kids down below the stage,” Zeng said. “If you go to a concert, bring earplugs.”
‘RunningFool’ makes way across country with help of Internet friends By Eric Adler McClatchy Newspapers
SU DO KU
Complete the grid so that every row, column, and 3-by-3 box contains every digit from one through nine inclusively.
Jennifer Hack/Kansas City Star CROSS COUNTRY: Luke Vaughn, a student from Eugene, Oregon, is being passed car-by-car across the country to New York. Maiko Mitchem (left), a college student in Columbia, and Cherish Pageau, a Hallmark employee, did the relay hand-off outside of Fiorella’s Jack Stack Barbecue in Kansas City.
Sunday comes and Cherish Pageau (Internet handle: gifa) is so amped up with anticipation, she hops out of bed early. In only a few hours, the 30-year-old, red-haired Hallmark production artist will be the 12th relay driver in what began as a wacky, winter-break college adventure but has since turned into, well, a sort of semi, half-serious Internet experiment of national scope: The trek of the “Human Baton.” The experiment: Take one college student — shy, 22-year-old Luke Vaughn of the University of Oregon — who, while chatting on an Internet forum at www.zefrank.com, asks whether he should drive or ﬂy home to California. Instead, a plan is hatched to pass him like a human baton, car by car, Internet stranger by Internet stranger, not only to California but also cross-country to New York and back to Oregon by the start of classes Jan. 8. It’s the ultimate college road trip. The serious part: For almost 300 Internet faithful who have signed on as relay drivers, it’s to show that the Internet is not some spooky, dangerous place populated by lurking pedophiles, frauds, Nigerian e-mail scammers and identity thieves … OK, maybe it is sometimes … but it’s also a friendly “community,” they say. “This is kind of a proof of concept,” Pageau said. “There’s a lot of trust involved. I want it to be successful.” Cut to Vaughn, the Human Baton himself (Internet handle: RunningFool) just a few days out of Kansas City. Tall, thin and quiet by nature, he’s riding shotgun and cruising down an Arizona desert highway with one of the Internet 300, a stranger named Scott. “There is absolutely nothing around here,” Vaughn said to a reporter by cell phone. And no way, he said, did he ever expect this to be how he was going to spend his winter break. But the zefrank.com devotees are known to conjure up madcap antics, such as the Internet “Earth sandwich” stunt. They arranged for someone on one side of the Earth to put a piece of bread on the ground and then had another person place another piece at the geographic opposite side of the planet. Bread. Bread. Earth in between. Voila. The Human Baton idea came out of the same zany crowd. The notion that Vaughn might possibly run afoul of some weirdo and end up on
Solution for Nov. 30:
the evening news never occurred to him, Vaughn said. In fact, the more his college friends raised the question of danger, the more adamant Vaughn became. “I thought if I could make this go off without a hitch, then maybe people could realize that the Internet is more than, like, some MySpace bio,” he said. “I didn’t think it was too dangerous a thing. There is no motive. If someone was looking for someone to harm, they wouldn’t drive six hours to get me to take me to their cabin in Wyoming.” So on Dec. 8, Vaughn left Eugene, Ore. Since then he has been relayed by more than 30 drivers, including 20-year-old coeds and a guy who adventured through Africa. He was passed off to a lady in a Porsche Boxster. He visited his mother and was shuttled by two college men whose car was outﬁtted like the vehicle from Ghostbusters. One relay couple nipped at and harangued each other for hours on the road. “We were weaving in and out of trafﬁc in this van going 100 miles per hour,” Vaughn said . “He was driving, and she was yelling at him, `Slow down! If you keep driving like this …’ It was really fun.” The whole time he has barely spent a dime, with everyone footing the bills for dinner, lunch and breakfast, and letting him crash on their couches, ﬂoors or futons. Pageau’s leg of the relay is short. Her job: Pick up Vaughn at the Dunkin’ Donuts in Lawrence, Kan., in her Toyota RAV4. Then she’ll take him to Kansas City, have lunch at Jack Stack Barbecue in the Crossroads, then hand him off to the driver who will have arrived from Columbia. At 11 a.m. Dec. 17, she and her husband, James, make the pick up. By noon they’re eating barbecue, toasting one another and snapping pictures and mini-video clips that they’ll post on a link set up for the relay, HumanBaton.com. The site includes the zigzagging map of the trip. On one leg, an Internet chatter is scheduled to take him from Tennessee to Mississippi by private plane. On Christmas Day he was scheduled to be in New London, Conn., with a relay member whose handle is “Madamdufarge.” “Everyone says this will be the highlight of my young adult life,” Vaughn said, dipping into his barbecue sampler platter. “So far, it is.” Not long after 1 p.m., Pageau passed the Human Baton on to University of Missouri theater student Maiko Mitchem (handle: “nikicroft”). He was off to Columbia by way of Interstate-70 and the Internet superhighway.