Spring 2017 | Issue 05 Research and Enterprise Newsletter
Matthew Channon looks into the legal implications of driverless cars SPOTLIGHT ON: Cleaning up our skies
FEATURE: Big Data transforming trading
FEATURE: Our people and their research
WELCOME TO RE:ACTION I am delighted to introduce the Spring issue of Re:action, produced by colleagues in Research & Innovation Services, which highlights and explores our research and enterprise activities across the globe. In this first issue of 2017 we celebrate our academic colleagues and the outstanding quality and breadth of work they are undertaking with the support of research funds and industry partners. The emphasis on the quality of the research is particularly relevant given the recent 10th anniversary of the European Research Council (ERC). In a relatively short space of time the ERC has become a leading research enabler, both in the EU and globally, and the envy of many non-EU members. The prestige associated with ERC awards has made them highly sought after. Twenty-five colleagues at the University have won ERC grants over the past decade. These grants contribute to our continuing strong overall performance in EU research funding and some of these feature in our research award highlights on pages 20 to 23. We also showcase research which may become reality in the relatively near future. On page 4 we look at the legal implications of driverless cars, whilst on page 6 we focus on research that assesses the current regulations around composite materials which could significantly influence the future of British industry.
We also look at our work to help financesector firms benefit from the challenges and opportunities arising from the financial technology revolution, and the part we are playing in one of the most ambitious aeronautical research programmes launched in Europe. I hope you find this issue informative. And if you have ideas for items to include in future issues please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor Mark Spearing Vice-President (Research & Enterprise)
PLEASE SEND US YOUR FEEDBACK We are keen to receive feedback about Re:action. If you have any ideas, comments or suggestions, please send them to
Research & Innovation Services, visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/ris
IN THIS ISSUE
Lightweighting the future Advanced polymer composite materials have a huge potential to shape the modern world.
Legal implications of driverless cars As driverless cars are fast becoming a reality on our public roads, Matthew Channon, a Teaching Fellow in Law and co-author of soon-to-bepublished ‘The Law and Driverless Cars’, shares his viewpoint on the issues facing insurers.
Key researchers In this issue we feature some of our exciting research staff from across the University.
Ambitious aeronautical research aims to clean up our skies Clean Sky is one of the most ambitious European aeronautical research programmes launched in Europe. Its mission is to develop breakthrough technologies to significantly increase the environmental performance of airplanes and air transport.
Using Big Data to transform trading As millions trade around the clock using apps on mobile devices, systems need to respond.
News in brief In this issue we feature: Accelercomm Ltd, ICURe in the Dowling Review, Southampton’s Digital Economy and 10 years of the ERC.
Media highlights and Events for the diary Our recent appearances in the media and events to keep an eye out for.
Funding news The latest news on recent funding.
LEGAL IMPLICATIONS OF DRIVERLESS CARS As driverless cars are fast becoming a reality on our public roads, Matthew Channon, co-author of ‘The Law and Driverless Cars’ due to be published in 2018, shares his viewpoint on the issues facing insurers.
Insurance Law Research Group, visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/ilrg
At the recent Insuring Autonomous Vehicles conference attended by the insurance industry, manufacturers and academics, Volvo’s Head of Government Affairs announced the Drive Me Project which is set to put ‘ordinary families’ in the seat of autonomous vehicles. The Drive Me Project is the latest amongst numerous other autonomous projects underway on UK roads including Venturer and UK Autodrive. In a recent presentation to the University of Southampton, chairman of the Automated Driving Insurer Group and Technical Director of AXA, David Williams, predicted that fully automated vehicles allowing the driver to ‘sleep at the wheel’ will be available by 2025. Whilst there are legal issues surrounding fully autonomous vehicles, it is in the middleto-advanced stages of automation (where control is partially ceded to the vehicle but the driver must act as a backup) where most legal challenges exist. With the technology at an advanced stage, these legal issues are immediately pressing. The most prevalent questions being asked in relation to advanced automation are ‘Who is liable when an automated vehicle malfunctions and the driver fails to take control?’, ‘Who will need to be insured for automated vehicles’ and ‘What legal system will be in place?’.
The Bill states that the driver of the vehicle will need a ‘dual insurance policy’ (both manufacturers and drivers insurance in one policy). The policy will then pay the victim of a road traffic accident in the first instance, before determining whether the manufacturer or ‘driver’ is liable. This approach does not remove the liability issues that will be faced, but does ensure that the victim is compensated swiftly and adequately. According to Matthew, “This novel approach is yet to be tested and its effectiveness difficult to predict, but it is a positive step forward to know that the victim will be left out of liability disputes. However, there are further issues to overcome such as cross-border travel due to Brexit and whether these vehicles need to be insured on private land”.
“This novel approach is yet to be tested and its effectiveness difficult to predict, but it is a positive step forward” Matthew Channon Author of ‘The Law and Driverless Cars’, due to be published in 2018
The software powering Google’s driverless cars is currently in the testing phase.
The University’s Insurance Law Research Group noted four potential insurance systems available to the Government in its response to the House of Lords Inquiry on Driverless Cars. The question of who will need to be insured has just been answered in the recently introduced Vehicle Technology and Aviation Bill 2017 currently making its way through the House of Commons.
Siemens Wind Power Courtesy of www.siemens.com/press 6
For more information, visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/CompositeRegulations
LIGHTWEIGHTING THE FUTURE Advanced polymer composite materials have a huge potential to shape the modern world. The use of composites in aerospace and automobile design is now the norm, but they have much broader potential for use in other sectors such as in building and bridge construction, railway and rail infrastructure, as well as marine and offshore. The potential is greatest when there is a need to lightweight load carrying structures to enable more energy efficient, less wasteful and more sustainable design and installation. Composites also offer benefits such as high corrosion resistance and hence reduced maintenance. For companies thinking of embracing composite materials there are many questions to be answered. Will the composite materials really deliver their promised benefits? How much will it really cost? Is there a sufficiently well-established supply chain to deliver the products? Will the industry regulator approve the design? All are very valid and important questions to answer before a widespread adoption of composites can be expected across sectors. Many of the questions can be resolved through industry demonstration projects. Typically these are part-funded by public funds to reduce the risk. However, the regulatory question is often overlooked. This was the subject of a University of Southampton study that has resulted in a position paper due to be published at the end of April.
The position paper presents a detailed review of the existing regulatory regimes in the aerospace, automotive, construction, defence, maritime, oil and gas, rail and renewables sectors. The review represents the first comparative study of its kind and underpins the need for an alternative approach for regulatory processes regarding the introduction of composite materials in load carrying structures across industry sectors. Though each sector has different demands on materials and their use in structures, the review highlights the fragmented nature of current regulatory regimes. Responsibilities for developing and implementing regulations are shared by many government departments and agencies, meaning that companies have to deal with multiple authorities and testing protocols to get their new composite products to market. This is a significant barrier to innovation. Building on the review, the position paper proposes a streamlining of the regulation process for composite products. Some sectors like aerospace are leading the way in achieving this, so there is valuable experience to learn from. Realigning agencies and regulators,
bringing them closer to industry, sharing information, and reducing the costs of testing are all important features of a more effective and efficient composites regulatory system. The position paper recognises the challenge of achieving a new framework model for regulations and initial reactions from government and industry have been positive. The University is playing a key role in influencing strategy. First, we have brought together experts from different disciplines to tackle a significant barrier that threatens to stifle innovation. Second, we have suggested a revised model for the decision-making processes that underpins the use of composite materials, offering huge benefits to the economy, society and the environment. The study was carried out by a multidisciplinary team from the Faculties of Engineering and the Environment, and Business, Law and Art (Institute of Maritime Law), supported by the SMMI and RIS. The report will be available on 25 April 2017 from: www.southampton.ac.uk/ CompositeRegulations 7
KEY RESEARCHERS In this issue we feature some of our exciting research staff from across the University. Dr Christian Bokhove Education
Dr David Bretherton Music
Lecturer in Mathematics Education, Programme leader MA Education Dissertation through Flexible Study
Lecturer in Music
As a researcher in mathematics education, I study the way mathematics is taught in classrooms around the world. I specifically look at classroom interaction, international assessments like PISA and TIMSS and teaching strategies to improve students’ maths achievement. The British Academy-funded enGasia partnership project does this by collaborating with colleagues in Hong Kong and Japan to study what makes our geometry education ‘tick’. In the project we design digital books to improve geometry teaching. The books are tried out in classrooms in the three countries to tease out any challenges that might arise. In my research I like to build bridges between different disciplines like education, psychology and computer science, and also between practitioners and researchers. For further information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/education/research
At the all-boys school I attended in the early 1990s, ‘queer’ was a term of abuse; luckily for me, I was tall, broad-shouldered and athletic, and therefore above suspicion. Meanwhile, across the Atlantic, progressive musicologists were proposing that several canonical composers were perhaps gay. Some of their arguments were questionable, but nevertheless much of the reaction to their proposals was alarming, and comparable to the homophobia I witnessed at school. Attitudes have since changed for the better, and the word ‘queer’ has been reclaimed by scholars of Queer Studies, in part to disarm it as an insult. Yet a thorough reappraisal and revision of the aims and claims of early Queer Musicology has still to be undertaken. Thanks to an AHRC Leadership Fellowship, this will be my task in the years ahead, and by giving my project the title ‘Queer Music, Queer Theory, Queer Music Theory’, I too have reclaimed the word ‘queer’. For further information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/music/research
Dr Dario Carugo Engineering and the Environment Biomedical Engineer and New Frontiers Fellow Ultrasound is a mechanical pressure wave with frequency greater than the upper audible limit for humans (20kHz). Thanks to its ability to efficiently propagate through soft tissues, it has been extensively employed in the clinic for biomedical imaging. Moreover, ultrasonic pressure waves can impart a mechanical stimulation on biological cells and tissues, which can be utilised to induce therapeutically desirable effects. In my research, I engineer ultrasoundresponsive agents in the form of gas microbubbles or nanoscale drug delivery vehicles. Upon ultrasound stimulation, these agents undergo volumetric oscillations which can perturb the local cellular microenvironment and can also ‘propel’ drugs across the cell membrane. For instance, microbubble oscillation causes the formation of fluid vortices capable of selectively stimulating cells located in their vicinity. The developed agents can be injected intravenously and then activated by acoustically stimulating a target tissue. With collaborators at the Faculty of Medicine, Public Health England, University of Oxford and Italian Institute of Technology (Genova), I am investigating the use of ultrasound-responsive agents as a means to mechanically and pharmacologically modulate the function of injured cells/tissues as a treatment modality for neurological dysfunction, bone fracture repair, and diabetic foot ulcers. For further information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/ engineering/research
For more information, visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/research
Frances M. Davis Engineering and the Environment
Dr Steve Goldup Chemistry
Dr Vadim Grinevich Business
New Frontiers Fellow
Associate Professor of Synthetic Supramolecular Chemistry and Royal Society University Research Fellow
Associate Professor of Strategy and Innovation, and Director of the Graduate School
As a synthetic chemist I am fascinated by the challenges involved in making complex molecules for a range of applications. My research focuses on interlocked molecules, systems in which individual molecules are threaded through one another. This unusual arrangement brings a range of potential applications from the development of chemical sensors to new types of catalysts.
As an academic specialising in innovation management and economics of innovation, I look for new socio-technical phenomena which can potentially disrupt conventional ways of providing goods and services, and doing business. One of these is the sharing economy.
As part of my recently awarded Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship I am studying how soft tissues respond to dynamic loading, such as car accidents. In the UK there were more than 140,000 accidents injuring nearly 200,000 people last year. During an accident, spinal ligaments can experience strain rates up to 1500/s at crash speeds of just 35 mph. My research focuses on combining ultra-high speed imaging with impact tests to better understand how soft tissues, such as spinal ligaments, respond at these high strain rates. I aim to use this new experimental data to suggest improvements for the next generation of crash test dummies so that car manufacturers can more accurately model soft tissue injuries. For further information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/ engineering/research
In particular, our research funded by the Royal Society and European Research Council focusses on how to make a completely unexplored class of interlocked molecules that exist as pairs of mirror images, in the same way that our left and right hands are identical reflections of one another. These chiral rotaxanes have potential applications in more energy efficient displays for mobile phones, as sensors to determine the purity of drug molecules and as catalysts for the efficient assembly of a range of industrially important targets. For further information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/chemistry/research
Represented by successful digital platforms such as Uber and Airbnb, the sharing economy has been the focus of recent debate – not without controversies. Of particular interest are the multidirectional implications for employment growth, economic efficiency, sustainable use of resources, access to tangible and intangible assets, and social relationships. Our Digital Economy Lab (DEL-Soton) has accumulated an impressive portfolio of research projects looking at different aspects of the sharing economy phenomenon including, for instance, its upscaling patterns, user-behaviour and consumer issues in digital platform environments and, most recently, business models for flexible electrical vehicle charging from distributed household networks. In each of these projects we are investigating ways of maximising the massive positive potential of the sharing economy for building a more sustainable and inclusive economy and society, whilst acknowledging and finding solutions for minimising its negative socioeconomic manifestations. For further information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/ business-school/research
KEY RESEARCHERS Continued from previous page… Dr Ben Mills Optoelectronics Research Centre Research Fellow Lasers have fundamentally transformed manufacturing in the past decades, and they are now routinely used for the machining of almost all size scales from micro-scale medical devices to battleships. However, the laser beam shape is generally not changed during machining. Through use of a digital micromirror device, we are able to change the spatial intensity profile and energy of every single laser pulse, for up to 30,000 pulses per second. These shaped laser pulses are used to rapidly fabricate extremely precise structures over cm-squared regions, and enable new paradigms in high-precision high-speed laserbased manufacturing. Immediate applications include sub-micronresolution 3D laser-printers, substrates that control differentiation pathways of stemcells for regenerative medicine, and bespoke sensors for aerospace and power generation. For further information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/people
Dr Marta Polak Medicine
Dr Darja Reuschke Geography
Wellcome Trust Research Fellow
Associate Professor in Human Geography in the Department of Geography and Environment
As an immunologist I am passionate about evidencebased medicine, and the opportunities brought by the era of transcriptome-level investigations for the design of more successful immunotherapeutic strategies. My group investigates the molecular bases of immune activation in human tissues, applying a ‘systems immunology’ approach, combining state-of-the-art computational analysis with laboratory experimentation. Funding from the Wellcome Trust, the Royal Society and MRC allows us to dissect immune regulation mechanisms in skin inflammation, during anti-malarial vaccination, and during development of allergic reactions to medicines. Thanks to close collaboration with Southampton clinical academics, we are able to progress understanding of the inflammatory process as it develops in human disease. I strongly believe that the knowledge we are gaining will allow us to create new and better strategies for patient stratification and to design personalised therapies tailored to a patient’s individual needs. For further information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/medicine/research
My research makes ‘hidden’ work and businesses in homes, neighbourhoods and cities visible. I am particularly interested in how people’s housing choices and personal life circumstances are interconnected with their employment choices and motivations to start a business. I think of detached houses as entrepreneurial resources and suburban neighbourhoods as areas of economic activity where ‘residents’ can efficiently serve niche markets globally from their homes. With an ERC Starting Grant I currently investigate home-based self-employment and businesses, together with researchers in the UK, Germany and the Netherlands. We use social media data to understand new online business practices and we also go into neighbourhoods and ring on people’s doors to find out where home-based businesses are located and how they run a business from home. I hope this research can change business policy, away from large firms to microenterprises, and make economies more socially inclusive. For further information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/geography/research
For more information, visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/research
Dr Rachael Summers Health Sciences
Dr Agnese Vitali Social Sciences
Dr Natalie Wheeler Optoelectronics Research Centre
Faculty Respiratory Research Fellow, Centre for Innovation and Leadership
Lecturer in Social Statistics and Demography, ESRC Future Research Leader, Director of BSc Programme in Population and Geography
Senior Research Fellow
As a Health Services researcher and physiotherapist, I am excited by research that has the potential to improve patientsâ€™ experiences of receiving care, and also cliniciansâ€™ experiences of working in the NHS. One aspect of my research focuses on understanding patient concerns, while the other focuses on service needs, to develop and refine health interventions and services that work for both groups. The Respiratory team, where I work, engages with clinicians, patients and the public to understand current health service issues and explore how we might realistically tackle these. The NEtwork for WEssex Respiratory (NEWER) Physiotherapists was formed to bring together physiotherapists working in pulmonary rehabilitation; from this, we have submitted grant applications to funders in collaboration with our clinical partners. I also provide qualitative expertise for the NIHR Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) Respiratory Theme. Recently, we explored primary care staff views on case-finding for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and we will soon be examining patient perceptions of two interventions for COPD.
As a family demographer I am fascinated about the role of women as workers, partners and mothers. My research documents the rise of couples with a female breadwinner across the developed world. Among the younger generations, more and more women will become the main earner for their families. Female-breadwinner couples challenge the idea of the traditional family: men are no longer the breadwinner, and women no longer the main carer. My research, supported by the Economic and Social Research Council, uses representative sample surveys to understand the consequences of the rise of female breadwinners for women, men, their children and the society as a whole. For further information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/socsci/research
I am part of a team specialising in the design and fabrication of hollow core optical fibres which trap and transmit light in a radically different way to conventional optical fibres. Hollow core fibres can transmit light in an air core (rather than glass used in conventional fibres) over long distances with low loss. This novel form of light guidance gives these fibres some unique properties which means that they can transmit light faster than conventional optical fibres. Hollow core fibres have diverse potential applications in several different fields, from telecommunications to gas sensing, and I am excited to see what new applications open up as we push forward the state-of-theart in this technology. My current research studies the fabrication of hollow core fibres to fulfil the rising demand for low loss, flexible, bend insensitive and durable fibres, in the mid-IR spectral region, for gas sensing and high power beam delivery. For further information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/people
For further information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/healthsciences/ research/index.page?
AMBITIOUS AERONAUTICAL RESEARCH AIMS TO CLEAN UP OUR SKIES Clean Sky is one of the most ambitious European aeronautical research programmes launched in Europe. Its mission is to develop breakthrough technologies to significantly increase the environmental performance of airplanes and air transport. Clean Sky 2, as the project is known, aims to deliver technologies for incorporation into the next generations of aircraft from 2025 onwards, to enable the aeronautics industry to introduce innovation within timescales that would otherwise be unachievable. Dr Ling Wang (PI), Associate Professor at the National Centre for Advanced Tribology (nCATS), has been awarded over €712,000 towards the part of the programme developing Intelligent Integrated Bearing Systems (I2BS). Ling will be working with Schaeffler Group to develop smart bearings for Safran Aircraft Engines’ ‘Ultra High Propulsion Efficiency (UHPE) Ground Demonstrator’ for its newgeneration aircraft engines. The project came about as a result of collaborative work in the Monitoring of Engineered and Natural Systems Using Sensors (MENSUS) University Strategic Research Group, of which Dr Wang is the Chair. The team includes Professor Neil White and Dr Alex Weddell in Electronics and Computer Science as co-investigators, who will provide their expertise in energy harvesting and sensor networks.
The engine smart bearings being developed and tested will have the intelligence to wirelessly monitor their temperature, vibration, torque and wear using energy harvesting techniques. It has been inherently difficult to use smart bearings in an engine environment due to the harsh conditions they face, so this development would be a real game-changer. “This is a very exciting and pioneering research project to be a part of, working with such notable partners as FAG Aerospace GmbH & Co.KG and Safran Aircraft Engines on this cutting-edge application” says Ling. “The total of €2M funding (€1.6M from CS2 and €400k from FAG AC) for the project will be spread over a five and a half year period and we are confident that we will have invaluable technology to offer the industry at the end.” For more information on this project please contact Dr Ling Wang on: email@example.com For more information on EU funding please contact the EU Office on: firstname.lastname@example.org
For more information, contact Professor Ling Wang: email@example.com
â€œThis is a very exciting and pioneering research project to be a part of, working with such notable partners as FAG Aerospace GmbH & Co.KG and Safran Aircraft Engines on this cuttingedge application â€? Dr Ling Wang Associate Professor at the National Centre for Advanced Tribology (nCATS)
For more information, see the Centre for Risk Research: www.southampton.ac.uk/risk
RISK ANALYSTS HELP CITY TRADERS USE BIG DATA Smartphones and tablets are rapidly becoming the most popular way people make financial transactions. As millions trade around the clock using apps on mobile devices, systems need to respond. Risk analysts from Southampton Business School are helping City firms get the most from the challenges and opportunities that have followed this FinTech (financial technology) revolution.
Online trading means financial firms now possess a wealth of knowledge on the decisions and behaviours of their clients, thanks to the huge volumes of transactions being made every second. But how can they manage, understand and make use of Big Data?
investors, carrying out transactions on the move, day and night. It will benefit financial companies and their staff to understand more about their behaviours and whether they change when stocks are rising or falling in value.”
Founded in 1990, Southampton Business School’s Centre for Risk Research (CRR) has a worldwide reputation for excellence in analysing risk and uncertainty; its members are in demand by business leaders who want to make the most of their Big Data. Professor Johnnie Johnson, Professor Ming-Chien Sung, Dr Tiejun Ma and colleagues are currently working on a series of projects linked to mobile trading and the information it generates.
The outcomes of two of CRR’s recent projects have been rated as ‘outstanding’ by Innovate UK and were awarded Certificates of Excellence from the Technology Strategy Board for their contribution to improving the innovation and competitiveness of UK industry.
“We are researching how investors employing new techniques, such as mobile apps, may exhibit different behaviours to those using older technologies,” says Tiejun. “Typically, people using smartphones in spread trading tend to be experienced and confident young
London Capital Group Holdings (LCG) plc got in touch with the CRR because it wanted to develop a real time risk management model to predict investors’ financial decision-making, analysing Big Data from various sources. The team used the University’s supercomputers to enhance LCG’s techniques of risk analysis, providing new insights into investor behaviour.
Star Financial Systems Ltd worked with researchers on developing a state-of-the-art graphical dashboard to help staff analyse and understand their trading activities. “The partnership has helped transform our business culture, equipping us with the data analysis and data processing capabilities to flourish in a turbulent environment,” says company chairman Kevin Taylor. The project was a Knowledge Transfer Partnership involving Associate Peter Fraser-Mackenzie who worked with Star. CRR academics welcome approaches from companies and organisations who want to tap into their expertise to solve complex risk management and uncertainty issues. For more information, please contact Professor Ming-Chien Sung on: M.Sung@soton.ac.uk
European Research Council 10th year anniversary
NEWS IN BRIEF 10 YEARS OF THE EUROPEAN RESEARCH COUNCIL In March the University celebrated the 10th anniversary of the European Research Council (ERC). Academic researchers from across the University joined Vice-President (Research and Enterprise) Professor Mark Spearing to mark the occasion.
Professor Mark Spearing described the University’s ERC grant holders as “a very special group of people who are realising their research vision, and driving forward the University’s reputation, directly through the support of the ERC.
The ERC is a flagship component of Horizon 2020, the European Union’s Research Framework Programme for 2014 to 2020. It encourages the highest quality research in Europe and supports frontier research across all fields on the basis of scientific excellence.
He continued by saying: “Through its commitment to high quality people and the highest quality research, in a relatively short space of time, the ERC has become a leading research enabler both in the EU and globally, and the envy of many non-EU members.”
The ERC grants we receive contribute to our ranking as 14th in the UK for EU Government Research Income (source: HESA 2015/16).
For enquiries relating to ERC grants, please contact the EU Office, firstname.lastname@example.org
SOUTHAMPTON’S THRIVING DIGITAL ECONOMY The latest analytical report from Tech City, Tech Nation 2017, shows that the UK is the digital capital of Europe. Within the leading UK digital clusters highlighted in the report, Southampton is ranked fourth for digital business concentration and seventh for digital tech job growth.
the University, Professor Dame Wendy Hall contributed her thoughts to the report, expressing the importance of interdisciplinary expertise in tackling the most pressing global challenges facing the World Wide Web and wider society today.
The University of Southampton is recognised as playing a major part in the success of this sector in the south east of England cluster.
The University is highlighted on pages 102103 along with its Future Worlds incubator, Catalyst programme, Science Park and the SETsquared Partnership.
Regius Professor of Computer Science and Director of the Web Science Institute at
Download a copy of the report here: technation.techcityuk.com
SPINOUT LAUNCH AccelerComm is the University’s first spin out of 2017. It is the brainchild of Dr Rob Maunder and Dr Taihai Chen who have developed 5G-ready error correction decoders for wireless systems. The introduction of next-generation 5G wireless systems will allow us to download and view data ten times faster than we currently can on mobile devices. Mobile systems require error correction decoders to process information, however current state-of-the-art decoders will be too slow for this next wave of wireless technology. A Southampton graduate, Dr Maunder initially developed the technology before seeking engagement with SetSquared. He then undertook ‘Researcher to Innovator’ training and subsequently, with Dr Chen, took part in the ICURe programme. AccelerComm secured a grant through Innovate UK in 2016, enabling it to commercialise its technology, and also received investment from IP Group. For more information about opportunities to collaborate with the Business School, contact email@example.com
Research & Innovation Services, visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/ris
ICURE HIGHLIGHTED BY GOVERNMENT LiIn late-2016 the Government published its response to the Dowling Review of businessuniversity research collaborations. The University’s ICURe pilot programme, which provides research teams with up to £50k to ‘get out of the lab’ and validate their ideas in the marketplace, is specifically highlighted in the review as an example of a successful activity based on business and research collaboration. The government recognises that these collaborations ‘play a vital role in maximising the social and economic benefits of our investment in science and research’ by providing business with processes and technologies, highly skilled people and expertise from world-leading researchers.
It goes on to say that the Research Councils, including Innovate UK, HEFCE and others, also play a vital role in ‘ensuring that academics can develop the skills they need to collaborate effectively with business’, from the earliest stages of training through to postdoctoral studentships. Download a copy of the Dowling Review here: www.gov.uk/government/publications/ business-university-researchcollaborations-dowling-reviewgovernment-response Visit www.SETsquared.co.uk/ICURe to find out more about ICURe.
SCIENCE & ENGINEERING SOUTH
The Science and Engineering South Consortium (SES) is formed from six universities and works with other centres of research excellence in the UK and around the world to pool demand and resources in the engineering communities, enabling access to high–value research equipment.
For more information visit: www.ses.ac.uk 17
MEDIA HIGHLIGHTS 1. The World Health Organisation released a report into air pollution which said polluted environments kill 1.7 million children each year. Professor John Holloway was quoted by CNN and Professor Stephen Holgate was quoted by Bloomberg giving reaction to the report. Dr Matt Loxham was also featured in BBC Inside Out and on BBC South Today. He talks about the impact of air pollution in Southampton docks. 2. Professor Michalis Zervis, from the Optoelectronics Research Centre, featured in the Photonics West Show Daily, the publication of the Photonics West Show held in San Francisco earlier this year. Michalis highlights his research developing powerful 50W fibre lasers.
3. In a special edition of Pioneer magazine, an EPSRC publication, many of our EPSRCfunded University research projects have been featured, including the Sulsa, MAVIS, NEXUSS, MyJoulo, and our 3D printed aircraft deployed by the Royal Navy in the Antarctic. 4. Boaty McBoatface, an unmanned submarine christened after a public vote, is joining ocean scientists from the University of Southampton and British Antarctic Survey (BAS) on an expedition to study some of the deepest and coldest abyssal ocean waters on earth. The news has been widely covered in the media including BBC News, The Telegraph, CNET and the Daily Echo. 5. O ur recent study, which showed that antibiotics may be an effective treatment for acute non-complicated appendicitis in children, instead of surgery, was picked up by the media in outlets such as: The Guardian, The Sun, ITV News online and Nursing Times.
Research & Innovation Services, visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/ris
EVENTS FOR THE DIARY HEALTH INNOVATION PROGRAMME
WELLBEING AND BREXIT
10, 12, 15 and 19 May, The Corsham Institute, Wiltshire
22 June 17:30, Highfield Campus
SETsquared teams up with the West of England Academic Health Science Network to deliver a world class training programme that will support healthcare innovators in the West of England.
Baroness Claire Tyler, Chair of the Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service, will deliver a lecture to encourage debate around the lack of trust and social cohesion in society following the UK’s decision to leave the EU.
For more information visit: www.setsquared.co.uk/event/health-innovation-programme
For more information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/news/events/2017/06/ brexit-claire-tyler.page
ENGAGEMENT LUNCH WITH JANE NAYLOR
ROBOTICS AND AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS
23 May, 12:30-14:00, Hartley Suite
26 June, 13:00, The Cube
Join Jane Naylor, who works at the Office of National Statistics (ONS) supporting methodology for population, social statistics and Census, gives an overview of the work of the ONS and existing University collaborations.
The world première of the Grand Challenge film on emergency and disaster response, showcasing Robotics and Autonomous Systems (RAS) research in this arena.
To find out more contact Leigh Purdie, RIS: firstname.lastname@example.org
For more information visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/disasterresponsefilm
MEDICAL & HEALTH RESEARCH CONFERENCE
FASHION MEETS TECH
14-15 June, 08:45-17:00, University Hospital Southampton This annual research conference brings together research from the Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust.
For more information email: email@example.com
30 June - 1 July, London College of Fashion This fashion hackathon is a two-day experience bringing together the world of fashion and technology to develop a number of innovative ideas into investible business propositions in less than 48 hours.
For more information visit: setsquared.co.uk/fashion-meets-tech-2-day-fashathon
FUNDING NEWS FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND THE ENVIRONMENT Professor Abubakr Bahaj; Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science Innovate DC Grids Innovate UK, £66,716 over 12 months Professor Abubakr Bahaj; Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science Infrastructure ESDP Innovate UK, £329,483 over 24 months Professor Abubakr Bahaj; Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science British Council Newton Fund British Council, £119,775 over 24 months Professor Abubakr Bahaj; Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science Innovate Solar Home Systems Innovate UK, £72,908 over 12 months Professor Abubakr Bahaj; Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science THERMOSS European Commission, £256,588 over 36 months
Dr Hugh Lewis; Aeronautics, Astronautics and Computational Engineering Fragmentation Consequence Analysis for LEO and GEO Orbits. European Space Agency, £62,447 over 33 months Dr Hugh Lewis; Aeronautics, Astronautics and Computational Engineering Disposal strategies analysis for MEO orbits European Space Agency, £30,211 over 17 months Dr Ivo Peters; Aeronautics, Astronautics and Computational Engineering Cavity collapses in complex geometries EPSRC, £100,545 over 24 months Dr Ivo Peters; Aeronautics, Astronautics and Computational Engineering Dynamic Force Transmission in Dense Suspensions. Royal Society, £11,790 over 12 months Dr Tomas Polcar; Engineering Sciences Nanocomposite coatings based on metal oxides Royal Society, £110,000 over 36 months Professor David Richards; Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science National Linear Infrastructure Laboratory EPSRC, £26,000,000
Dr Helen Cullington; FEE Enterprise Remote Care for Adults with Cochlear Implants: putting patients in charge Health Foundation, £29,987 over 12 months
Professor James Scanlan; Aeronautics, Astronautics and Computational Engineering Capital Equipment Grant EPSRC, £502,149 over six months
Mr Mario Ferraro; Aeronautics, Astronautics and Computational Engineering ICAReS (Innovation Cluster Accelerating Remote Sensing). European Regional Development Fund, £124,319 over 36 months
Professor Neville Stanton; Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science Open Flight Deck Innovate UK, £599,883 over 36 months
Dr Gwenael Gabard; Institute of Sound and Vibration Research H2020-MSCA-ITN-ETN-2016-SmartAnswer European Commission, £218,630 over 48 months
Professor Ole Thomsen; Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science Certification for Design: Restarting the Testing Pyramid. EPSRC, £20,000 over five months
Professor Bharathram Ganapathisubramani; Aeronautics, Astronautics and Computational Engineering Surface-specific Moody-diagrams: A new paradigm to predict drag penalty of realistic rough surfaces with applications to maritime transport. EPSRC, £775,323 over 48 months Dr Sonia Heaven; Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science Rice straw to Biogas (R2B). Innovate UK/EPSRC, £276,754 over 36 months Professor Phillip Joseph; Institute of Sound and Vibration Research KTP – VAX. Innovate UK, £152,000 over 24 months
Dr Anatoliy Vorobev; Engineering Sciences Mixing dynamics in diffusion-limited reactions Royal Society, £12,000 over 24 months Dr Zhengtong Xie; Aeronautics, Astronautics and Computational Engineering Mathematical modelling of the mass transfer mechanisms at the top of an urban canopy: an LES and DNS study. Royal Academy of Engineering, £23,970 over 12 months
Dr Yue Zhang; Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science Leckford Estate organic waste AD feasibility case study and environmental impact analysis BBSRC, £4,787 over five months Dr Yue Zhang; Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science Embedding technical expertise in the optimisation of trace metal supplementation strategies for successful bioenergy production BBSRC, £4,160 over four months
FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES Professor Jackie Bridges; Faculty of Health Sciences CLECC: The Implementation and evaluation of a sustainable team-based workplace learning intervention. The Burdett Trust for Nursing, £97,462 over 19 months Professor Mandy Fader; Faculty of Health Sciences Research Capability Funding 2016. Solent NHS Trust, £26,759 over 12 months Dr Chloe Grimmett; Faculty of Health Sciences NIHR Post-doctoral fellowship: Development of a conceptual model and intervention to promote sustained, long-term physical activity after cancer National Institute of Health Research, £284,437 over 60 months Professor Anne Rogers; Faculty of Health Sciences Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care: Methodological Hub Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, £142,683 over 12 months
For more information, visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/research
FACULTY OF HUMANITIES Professor Jonathan Adams; Archaeology Maritime Archaeology of the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). British Academy, £97,030 over 36 months
Professor Gareth Griffiths; Southampton CTU A Phase 3 Trial to evaluate the efficacy of MED14736 (DURVALUMAB) in relapsed mesothelioma. Cancer Research UK, £884,870.12 over 60 months
Ms Kate Borthwick; Modern Languages (Co-I for project led by Coventry University) English Language Teaching Research Award British Council, £1,758 over 12 months
Dr Edd James; Cancer Sciences Induction of protective anti-tumour T cell responses through modulation of the antigen processing pathway. Cancer Research UK, £122,009 over 24 months
Professor Mark Cornwall; History Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship: Treason and Disloyalty in the Late Habsburg Monarchy Leverhulme Trust, £148,836 over 36 months
Professor Peter Johnson; Cancer Sciences TAP Renewal. Bloodwise, £54,189 over 36 months
Dr Eleanor Quince; History Swaythling in the Great War: Equine and Air support for the Front. AHRC, £11,981 over nine months Professor Mark Stoyle; History (part of collaborative project led by University of Leicester) Welfare, conflict and memory during and after the Civil Wars, 1640-90 AHRC, £84,655 over 48 months
FACULTY OF MEDICINE
Professor George Lewith; Primary Care and Population Sciences Yanhong Hu Newton International Fellowship: A mixed method study of an enhanced antibiotic stewardship program to change prescribing behaviour. Newton International Fellowship, £66,000 over 24 months Professor Karen Lillycrop; Human Development and Health Identification of non-coding RNA profiles associated with GDM risk. EpiGen Global Research Consortium, £23,250 over six months
Dr Stephen Beers and Professor Mark Cragg; Cancer Sciences Validating STING Ligands as Immune Adjuvants for Antibody Therapy. Cancer Research UK Drug Discovery Committee – Small Molecule Drug Discovery Project Award, £381,899 over 36 months
Professor Paul Little; Primary Care and Population Sciences REducing and preventing COgnitive impairment iN older age groups (the RECON Programme) NIHR, £2,338,946 over 112 months
Dr Matthew Blunt; Cancer Sciences Overcoming IL-4 mediated drug resistance in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia. Wessex Medical Trust, £20,000 over 24 months
Dr Salah Mansour; Clinical and Experimental Sciences A new class of tumour-associated lipid antigens for recognition by CD1c-restriced T Cells. Cancer Research UK, £295,587 over 36 months
Dr David Cleary; Clinical and Experimental Sciences From observations to mechanisms: linking analyses of upper respiratory tract microbiomes with mechanistic microbial ecology. Rosetrees Trust, £18,850 over 18 months
Professor Michael Moore; Primary Care and Population Sciences FLOREY: An eHealth antimicrobial stewardship tool demonstrated for RTIs. Innovate UK, £76,917 over 24 months
Professor Donna Davies; Clinical and Experimental Sciences Matthew Loxham - Future Leaders Fellowship Cellular Responses to Shipping-Related Particulate Matter. BBSRC, £301,699 over 36 months Professor Gareth Griffiths; Southampton CTU The MENAC Trial - A Randomised, open-label trial of a Multimodal Intervention (Exercise, Nutrition and Anti - inflammatory Medication) plus standard care versus standard care alone to prevent/ attenuate Cachexia in advanced cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Marie Curie £129,954, and Rising Tide £281,637, both over 36 months
Professor Richard Oreffo; Human Development and Health Harnessing Clay Gels for Cell, Growth Factor and Protein delivery for Regenerative Medicine BBSRC Pathfinder Award, £19,511 over three months Professor Christian Ottensmeier; Cancer Sciences Immunotherapy for oral cancer prevention and treatment. MRC, £340,051 over 30 months
Professor Paul Roderick; Primary Care and Population Sciences Evaluating a new protocol for primary-care initiated identification and management of patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia: observational study and cost -effectiveness analysis NIHR, £56,599 over 36 months Dr A. Emre Sayan; Cancer Sciences New diagnosis and treatment options for metastatic pancreatic cancer Southampton Hospital Charity, £99,542 over 32 months Dr Julia Sinclair; Clinical and Experimental Sciences A systematic review of physical activity for alcohol and substance use disorders: evidence synthesis with stakeholder engagement to formulate practical recommendations NIHR, £8,372 over 17 months Dr Julia Sinclair and Dr Ellen Copson; Faculty of Medicine Developing an alcohol brief intervention in symptomatic breast clinics. MRC, £102,570 over 18 months Dr Julia Sinclair; Clinical and Experimental Sciences Health Improvement interventions for Offenders or Ex-offenders under community supervision. NIHR, £8,294 over 24 months Professor Nicholas Sheron; Clinical and Experimental Sciences To Oversee Clinical Review of the “12 Questions” Tool Project. Public Health England, £27,445 over four months Professor Gareth Thomas; Cancer Sciences Immunotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer MRC, £208,804 over 24 months Professor Timothy Underwood; Cancer Sciences Cellular interplay in oesophageal cancer Cancer Research UK, £1,386,854 over 60 months Professor Anthony Williams; Cancer Sciences BI-1206 and an Anti-CD20 Antibody in Patients With CD32b Positive B-cell Lymphoma or Leukaemia (SUA No.2). Cancer Research UK, £5,000 over 12 months
Dr Marta Polak; Clinical and Experimental Sciences Investigating immunodominance to design more efficient anti-malarial vaccine Royal Society, £96,820 over 12 months
News FACULTY OF NATURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES Professor Sybren Drijfhout; Ocean and Earth Science Blue Action Consortium on Arctic climate change. European Commission, £188,773 over 51 months Professor Gavin Foster; Ocean and Earth Science What caused the Mid Pleistocene Transition? Insights from a new high resolution CO2 record NERC, £495,966 over 36 months Professor Alberto Naveira Garabato; Ocean and Earth Science Predictability of the Galapagos Archipelago Upwelling Plume (P-GUP) Royal Society, £99,625 over 12 months Dr Nuria Garcia-Araez; Chemistry Microgrid Energy Storage using Lithum-Sulfur Batteries Innovate UK, £97,591 over 12 months Dr Diego Gomez-Nicola; Biological Sciences Understanding the dynamics and diversity of microglia in the healthy and ageing brain Leverhulme Trust, £236,866 over 36 months Dr Philip Goodwin; Ocean and Earth Science
Understanding Pathways to and Impact of a 1.5 degrees rise in Global Temperature. NERC, £76,851 over 12 months Professor Tim Henstock; Ocean and Earth Science Thermal structure of incoming sediments at the Sumatra subduction zone NERC, £32,934 over nine months Professor Malcolm Levitt; Chemistry Hyperpolarization on Tap (HoT) Royal Society, £143,695 over 24 months Professor Malcolm Levitt; Chemistry A Multidisciplinary Research Platform for Nuclear Spins far from Equilibrium EPSRC, £1,246,965 over 60 months Dr Judith Lock; Biological Sciences Education in the green space NERC, £17,043 over three months Professor Lisa McNeill; Ocean and Earth Science IODP Expedition 362 Sumatra Seismogenesis, CoChief activities and deformation structures of the subducting oceanic plate NERC, £91,746 over 54 months Professor C Mark Moore; Ocean and Earth Science Integrating omics, experiments and numerical models for marine biogeochemistry Royal Society, £2,950 over three months
Dr Rebecca J Morris; Biological Sciences The importance of rare species in tropical forests. Royal Society, £74,509 over 11 months Professor Robert Raja; Chemistry MULTI-site organic-inorganic HYbrid CATalysts for MULTI-step chemical processes (MULTI2HYCAT) H2020-NMBP-2016-2017 European Commission, €854,962 over 48 months Professor Martin Solan; Ocean and Earth Science The Changing Arctic Ocean Seafloor (ChAOS) how changing sea ice conditions impact biological communities, biogeochemical processes and ecosystems. NERC, £246,544 over 48 months Professor Martin Solan; Ocean and Earth Science NERC-coordinated GCRF Building Resilience call. NERC, £7,429 over nine months Professor Jessica Teeling; Biological Sciences Validation of cathepsin B as a novel therapeutic target for Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s Research Trust, £49,998 over 12 months Dr David Tumbarello; Biological Sciences Investigating the mechanisms of Parkin-mediated mitophagy. Wellcome Trust, £99,277 over 24 months Professor Marcel Utz; Chemistry Integrated tissue culture and NMR metabolomics European Commission, £1,005,160 over 48 months Dr Mariana Vargas-Caballero and Dr Ksenia Kurbatskaya; Biological Sciences Investigating mechanisms of Alzheimer’s disease in live human brain cells. Rosetrees Trust, £20,000 over six months Professor Paul Wilson; Ocean and Earth Science What are the lessons of the recent geological past for understanding future rainfall variability in the Sahel and Sahara? Royal Society, £99,977 over 12 months Dr Werenfrid Wimmer; Ocean and Earth Science AMT4 Sentinel FRM (http://amt4sentinelfrm.org) European Space Agency, £49,901 over 18 months
FACULTY OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING Dr Thomas Andritsch; Electronics and Computer Science Enhanced Electrical and Thermal Rating Power Cables for Renewables Connections in Developing Countries. Innovate UK, £111,003 over 12 months Professor Stephen Beeby; Electronics and Computer Science Wearable and Autonomous Computing for Future Smart Cities. EPSRC, £1,431,419 over 60 months Dr Stuart Boden; Electronics and Computer Science SuperSolar Hub Extension Call EPSRC, £95,700 over 12 months Professor Michael Boniface; Electronics and Computer Science ICT -13 -2016 - FLAME. European Commission, £481,460 over 36 months Professor Michael Boniface; Electronics and Computer Science ICT - 13 - HUB4FIRE. European Commission, £193,966 over 24 months Professor Gilberto Brambilla; Optoelectronics Research Centre Distributed fibre sensing system to monitor vehicles in smart cities. Royal Academy of Engineering, £20,000 over nine months Dr Joshua Chadney; Physics and Astronomy E. A. Milne Travelling Fellowship Royal Astronomical Society, £781 over two months Dr Michael Childress; Physics and Astronomy OzDES: Spectroscopy for the Dark Energy Survey Science and Technology Facilities Council, £182,510 over 24 months Dr Xu Fang; Electronics and Computer Science Daiwa Foundation Award. Daiwa Anglo-Japanese Foundation, £7,000 over 12 months Dr Benjamin Mills; Optoelectronics Research Centre Beam-shaping for Laser-based Additive and Subtractive-manufacturing Techniques (BLAST). EPSRC, £861,709 over 60 months Professor Timothy Morris; Physics and Astronomy New Frontiers in Particle Physics and Cosmology. Science and Technology Facilities Council £1,043,153, over 36 months Professor Otto Muskens; Physics and Astronomy Seeing Through the Clouds. Defence Science & Technology Laboratory, £54,855 over six months
For more information, visit: www.southampton.ac.uk/research
Professor Periklis Petropoulos; Optoelectronics Research Centre Converged Optical & Wireless Access Networks (COALESCE) EPSRC, £466,998over 60 months Professor David Richardson; Optoelectronics Research Centre H2020 Optical Prize 2015 - PHOTONMAP European Commission, £96,154 over 24 months Dr Zoheir Sabeur; Electronics and Computer Science Big Data Science and Analytics Office For National Statistics, £5,725 over three months Dr Zoheir Sabeur; Electronics and Computer Science H2020 -ICT -2016-2017, Big Data Public Private Partnership - Tansforming Transport (TT) European Commission, £337,019 over 36 months Professor Gabriel Stephen; Electronics and Computer Science H2020 GIESEPP S. European Commission, £207,979 over 48 months Professor Michael Surridge; Electronics and Computer Science RESTASSURED: Secure Data Processing in the Cloud. European Commission, £566,810 over 36 months
FACULTY OF SOCIAL, HUMAN AND MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Professor Stephen Darby; Geography and Environment NERC International Opportunities Fund NERC, £25,237 over 18 months Dr James Dyke; Geography and Environment Keystone collapse: an art installation outreach project on the value of biodiversity British Ecological Society, £2,000 over 11 months Professor Maria Evandrou; Social Sciences Global Ageing and Long-term Care Network (GALNet). ESRC, £79,674 over 18 months Mr Christopher Hill; GeoData, Geography and Environment The Supply of Small Sewage Discharges (SSDs) to ground risk mapping for England Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, £6,467 over six months Mr Christopher Hill; GeoData, Geography and Environment Research analysis of mobile phone coverage using crowd-sourced data. SASA- Citizen’s Advice Bureau Southampton, £13,406 over three months MR Christopher Hill; GeoData, Geography and Environment River Avon Restoration Plan Review Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, £11,808 over six months Dr Anne Hillstrom; Psychology FASS Checkpoint Big Data Analysis Department for Transport, £36,033 over five months.
Dr Darja Reuschke; Geography and Environment Entrepreneurship in Homes and Neighbourhoods ESRC, £12,914 over five months Dr Emma Roe; Geography and Environment Man Food - Exploring men’s opportunities for ‘Becoming an ecological citizen’ through proteinrelated food practices AHRC, £68,528 over 12 months Dr Mary Steele; Psychology SKIP IT Smoking Cessation Study Scottish Government, £2,286 over 24 months Andrew Tatem; Geography and Environment Updated malaria elimination feasibility ranking and regional elimination block analysis - revised Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, £74,395 over 12 months Professor Jackline Wahba; Social Sciences Impact of Syrian Refugees on Jordan British Academy, £260,000 over 16 months Dr James Wright; Geography and Environment Drinking-water under a ‘One Health’ lens: Quantifying microbial contamination pathways between livestock and drinking-water MRC, £94,957 over 24 months This list encompasses a selection of awards logged with University of Southampton Finance from October 2016 to January 2017 that are considered non-commercially sensitive.
Dr Eli Lazarus; Geography and Environment Physical and biological dynamic coastal processes and their role in coastal recovery (BLUE-coast) NERC, £46,903 over 42 months Dr Darja Reuschke; Geography and Environment Reconceptualising Urban Landscapes of Work Urban Studies Foundation £18,800 over 18 months
Find out more
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Re:action is the University of Southampton's research and enterprise newsletter, which highlights and explores University actvities across t...
Published on Mar 31, 2017
Re:action is the University of Southampton's research and enterprise newsletter, which highlights and explores University actvities across t...