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Prism

UF Honors Program’s

Summer 2012 Guide to Survival


Table of Contents

03 Tips For Freshmen

17 Textbook How-To 39 UF Summer

Get a jump start to the year with these words from the wise

Don’t waste money on books when you can get them cheap, and here’s how to do it

05 Lifted Off Campus Grounds

Honors students disperse this summer to represent UF among internships all over the world

08 Campus Kitchen Can’t cook? You’re not alone. Here’s an easy-to-follow flat bread pizza recipe that will have your whole dorm admiring your culinary skills

10 What I’ve Learned in College So Far...

First things first in college..Christina’s first 12 lessons from the summer term

11 Academic Calendar

18 Lombardi and Stamps Scholars

Help us welcome our new freshmen class of scholars. Read up on their lombios

22 Fall Calendar

40 World Events Broken Down: NATO

65 Undergraduate Research Opportunities

Baffled by just the name? Don’t worry, we’ve broken it down for you

Get involved with research this fall

43 From Native to

26 Gainesville 101:

Restaurant Guide

Prepare your stomach for the most delicious time you’ll have exploring Gainesville

33 Read on a Rainy

It doesn’t get much better than that. Now here’s the perfect list to make your way through

Eco-friendly vases, watercolor crayon painting, and candy stripe friendship bracelets. The perfect Saturday afternoon.

Cancer research has no bounds, and Shannon brings hers from high school to UF

Read Sama’s 8 lessons viewing her home country, the KSA, from the other side

12 De-Stress

College Budget

Yes, you have to complete the summer requirement - here are your options

Tourist

Day and Watch Movies at Night

15 Get Crafty on a

63 To Infinity and Beyond the Science Fair

Now you have no excuse to be bored this semester

Mark your calendar - you don’t want to miss these dates

Deep breathes - overcome your stress

Requirement

45 Partners in the Parks

66 Our Bare Necessity No Baloo, but plenty of jungles of natural environment to save

67 Family Defined Leslie shares with us the lessons that struggling with her dad’s MS has taught her family

69 The Curious Case

Calling all out doors lovers

of Integrated Hardware

47 Letter from a

Has Apple’s dominance found competitors?

Hikes, camp songs, and s’mores read how Ginny spent her summer

72 Apps for the School

Camp Counselor

Year

49 US National

5 Apps you need to download for the school year

How many of you have heard of this country?

November 6th. Vote. No excuses

73 Dorm Room

37 Hello From

57 Orphan Drugs

35 Takistan

Northern Ireland

Elections 2012

Learn all about them: the feds, the market incentives, and venture philanthropy

to Domination: the Facebook Story Man has evolved quickly, but FB is evolving even quicker

Letter From the Editor

It’s that time of year again - back to school. Personally, I’ve been ready all summer to get back to Gainesville and the glory of the Swamp. But let’s not kid ourselves, school is not just football and social events. It’s... school, with which comes homework, quizzes, tests, and the overall idea of applying ourselves for a better future. Whether you’re ready to admit it or not, that’s what we’re all here for. Back to Library West for late night study sessions, coffee dependency to stay awake, and Facebook procrastination to put off that studying just a little bit longer. Don’t try and deny your innocence - everyone is guilty of this. But this (that is, school work, not Facebook procrastination) is why we’re here, and it’s why we bleed orange and blue. Freshmen, get ready for a thrilling four years. Whether your favorite hot spot becomes lane 2 in Reitz’s bowling alley; the fourth floor of Library West; the famous, albeit slightly uncomfortable, bleachers of the Swamp; or (eventually) the bar stools in Grog, these four years will be incomparable to anything else you’ll ever experience. And to give you a head start, here’s your Guide to Survival: how to tackle the school work, the city that is Gainesville and home to Gator Nation, and all of the opportunities that make up the , the University of Florida. Welcome back Gators! Sincerely, Lexy Khella Founding Editor-in-Chief

Editors and Staff Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Kevin Knudson, Director of the Honors Program Editors

Editor-in-Chief: Lexy Khella Campus Life Section Editor: Alexa Gedigian Arts Section Editor: Hannah Gamache World Section Editor: T.J. Anderson Science and Health Section Editor: Andrew Kolarich Technology Editor: Corey Flayman Copy Editor: Alexandra Gonzalez

PRISM 16 Get Organized

Don’t pull out your hair over the masses of paper on your desk...get organized

Honors students travel the globe for study abroad, and here’s Hema’s story from Northern Ireland

61 What Happens

When..?

This is the question many of our honors students are asking themselves this summer as they dedicate themselves to their research.

75 The 6 Biggest Bites

from Apple’s WWDC

Hooked yet? You will be after you read what’s coming down the reel

Staff Leslie Gaynor Shruti Shah Sama Imran ILyas Ginny Hamrick Jonathan Burnett Christina Hunt Celia Garthwait

Contribution writers: Hema Kher Christina Ford GFR’s Treasurer Hyun Kim Shannon Stockton

Contact Us: E-mail us with comments, questions, and suggestions at UFhonorsPrism@gmail.com “Like” us on Facebook and look for news about how to get involved with Prism this fall!

Design by Lexy Khella


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Tips for Freshmen

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By Leslie Gaynor Sophomore, Exploratory

The change doesn’t really hit until your parents kiss you goodbye and leave you to sit in your dorm room next to a pile of orange and blue paraphernalia. You’re a college student now. It is your responsibility to take care of yourself, get good grades and find your niche in the diverse Florida campus. Don’t worry! You’re one of thousands of newborn Gators, and everyone has felt overwhelmed and frightened at least once since entering college. Here are a few tips from the Gators who carved the paths you will now follow.

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GET TO KNOW YOUR CAMPUS A lot of people forget the real reason they’re going to college. One of your first priorities should be leaving your dorm room to find your classes. There are maps at the front desk of most dorms, or you can use the UF Mobile App to find your way around, and find your classes before school starts.

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Being lost is always more fun in groups, so use this venture as an opportunity to get to know other people living on your floor! Which brings us to

Freshmen, you’ve waited all your life for this moment—freedom from the rigidity of grade school, the ability to be independent and plenty of distance between you and strict curfews imposed by even stricter parents. Plus, all your hard work paid off and you were accepted to the greatest university of all time!

MEET YOUR NEIGHBORS

You may have friends from home living in other dorms or even as roommates, but you will spend a large chunk of time in and around your room. So get to know the people around you! You might meet life-long friends, or at least find someone who bakes really good cookies or takes your classes.

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Don’t feel weird for approaching strangers. Everyone in your dorm will be in the same boat; they just moved in, they don’t know anyone, and they’re looking for people to talk to. They’ll be relieved that you’re approaching them first. If you live in Hume, your suitemates can turn into invaluable resources. Mine graciously allowed me through the bathroom when I forgot my keys (which happened frequently). I also took my suitemate to the hospital during our second semester when she woke up sick. I was happy that I could help her when her friends couldn’t answer their phones, and I know she would have done the same for me.

no. Photography by Lexy Khella

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GET INVOLVED

One of the best ways to find your place on campus is to join a student organization. Not only is it a great way to meet people who share your interests—and trust me, if you’ve thought of it, there’s already a club for it here—it’s also important to start building your resume early, even during freshmen year. Starting with something you enjoy, like an improve troupe or photography club, will make it easy to get involved.

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FIND HEALTHY FOOD OPTIONS The phrase“freshman 15” is murmured in hushed tones by the end of your first semester. Unlimited access meal plans and late-night binging can be the kiss of death for your high school pants size, so be smart. Don’t rack up debt on your Gator 1 vending account, and don’t overuse the Hume ice cream machine. Remember to control your diet. The dining halls serve vegetarian options and can help control your portion sizes. And if you’re craving green, your meal plan covers Croutons, a fantastic salad bar in the Reitz Union. Even the Graham Convenience store has a host of healthy options, including Boar’s Head sandwiches. Of course, it’s okay to treat yourself every once in a while. After all, Sarkara cupcakes are now sold on campus. Of course, eating well isn’t the only way to prevent unwanted weight gain. There are two on campus gyms, Southwest Recreational Center being the most popular. The campus bus system runs past both gyms, or you can bike and get a little extra exercise.

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Q&As compiled by Lexy Khella Sophomore, Political Science major

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Deina Bossa Sophomore, Biology and Economics major

David Lakin Sophomore, Chemical Engineering major

Where are you interning? I am interning with Procter & Gamble in Cincinnati, Ohio. I work in Research & Development doing consumer research in Skin Care Career Plans? Attend medical school and become a physician How did you find this internship? During my first semester at UF, I took IDH4905 Honors Professional Development. We had an internship panel where other honors students came in and talked with us about their internship experiences. One of the panelists completed an internship at Procter & Gamble and his experience piqued my interest in the company. I spoke with him after class and he put me in contact with some P&G UF recruiters. P&G also held a few events at UF during Career Fair week, which I attended. The recruiters encouraged me to submit an application and I did. The rest is history. What do you do during an average day? On a typical day, I get to my office at 8/8:30am. I usually have meetings with project team members to discuss details of my project. There’s sometimes company-sponsored events during the workday, such as trips to the zoo, baseball games, etc., which I attend if I have time. I also spend time planning and organizing panels or focus groups that I conduct as part of my project. I usually leave the office at 4:30/5pm and do fun things around Cincinnati with other P&G interns. P&G stresses work-life balance so I don’t usually work outside normal business hours. Favorite and least favorite aspect? My favorite aspect is the fact that interns are given meaningful projects that solve key business questions for the company. My project findings will be used to make important business decisions that will impact the kinds of skin care products P&G offers consumers. I find it very rewarding to be placed in such a position. I also like the people and culture at P&G. Everyone is very welcoming to interns and always willing to help answer any questions. My least favorite aspect is being far away from home for such an extended period of time (12 weeks). Staying in touch with family and friends helps ease the homesickness. Were you nervous before/about interning? Have your fears been assuaged? Because I got my internship the summer following freshman year, I was afraid I wouldn’t have as much knowledge and experience as older interns I would be working with. P&G does an excellent job of placing interns with projects that match theirs skills and experiences. After my first week, I was no longer nervous because I knew I had a plethora of resources if I needed help with anything and was given a project that matched well with my current skills. Fun facts about your internship experience? Working in skin care, I now have enough Olay skin and body care products to last me a whole year! Skin care fun fact: The average human will loose 23kg (about 50 pounds) of skin cells over his/her lifetime

Where are you interning? Proctor & Gamble - Cincinnati, Ohio What are your future aspirations? To go on to graduate school and achieve a Masters in Biomedical Engineering. How did you find this internship? I attended UF’s career showcase and other associated “meet and greets,” where I spoke with many recruiters from Proctor & Gamble. They invited me to an on-campus interview, after which I was invited to an official Recruiting Day in Cincinnati where there was a final interview and general academic test (kind of like a mini-SAT). What are your intern responsibilities? At P&G, interns are each given individual projects that all represent areas of discovery. We are all doing research to find answers that do not yet exist – so even as interns, we are doing REAL work, not just filling in space or pushing pencils. I was very impressed when I heard about this. In a general sense, I am responsible for taking ownerships of my project, and doing all that is necessary to achieve the answers that I am looking for. This can vary significantly between interns. My project was a Research & Development role, which involved a heavier amount of science and lab work than other roles. I was responsible for creating experimental plans, carrying out those experiments, testing the results, and analyzing the data. After the first few weeks, I was pretty much in charge of my direction and began working independently - although, I met with my supervisor as often as I needed to, and discussed all of my plans with him. Furthermore, I also solicited information and help from other P&G employees who were very happy to assist me. I was able to try equipment that had never been used before and branch out to discover new possibilities. So your responsibilities as an intern are well-defined in some ways and left to the imagination in others. All that matters is that you are exploring the possibilities of your project and striving to get the answers you need. Would you recommend this company? I enjoyed my time here very much, and would highly recommend this company, especially to freshmen looking for their first internship. They are a company known for hiring freshmen (especially chemical engineers) and it is an excellent opportunity to get your foot in the door and gain some invaluable experience. If invited back, I would give the offer serious consideration. At the same time, since I am still in the beginning of my college career, I will also be looking for other opportunities for internships in order to try out other companies and expand my range of experience. That, however, is more of a personal decision and should not be a point against this company – they are fantastic and gave me a priceless experience.

Nina Plocek Sophomore, Psychology, Communication Sciences/Disorders major, Linguistics minor Where are you interning? I am interning in Berlin, Germany at the “Charite” University/Medical School/Hospital. How did you secure this internship? I was able to find this internship through my work at the Veteran’s Affairs (VA) hospital in Gainesville. The researcher I work with introduced me to a colleague who does neuropsychology/language research in Berlin, and with my fluency and interest in the German language, it seemed to be the right fit. What are your intern responsibilities? My intern responsibilities include working with the patients in speech therapy sessions, assisting in fMRI scans, inputting/analyzing data sets, and running various experiments. I also work with a non-invasive brain stimulation technique called tDCS, short for “transcranial direct current stimulation. Basically what this means is that we attach an anode and a cathode to different parts of the brain to provide a low-intensity current and measure the effects. The goal is that this technique will aid recovery in patients with speech problems--in our case the speech problem is aphasia, which often occurs after a stroke. Briefly describe a typical day as an intern: I usually arrive at the office around 9 in the morning. I travel with the “U-bahn” which is the German subway/public transport system. I meet up with one of my co-workers and head over to the hospital to do a therapy session. We retrieve the participant in the waiting area and head up to our testing room to run the therapy and non-invasive brain stimulation. I usually attach the electrodes to the patient’s head and run some of the therapy sessions. After that we take a lunch break, then head back to work in the afternoon. During the second half of the day I will usually work on the computer setting up the programming for the fMRI scans in the evening. Favorite and least favorite aspect of your internship: One of the most intriguing parts of my internship has been experiencing the German research system. I have had incredible insight into the methodology and perspectives that define the work performed at the Charite. The most fulfilling aspect for me involves working oneon-one with the patients. The reason for this is because it is clear how much recovery is worth for each and every patient, and how frustrating speech problems like aphasia can be. They work so hard to make progress, and we are hoping to find new ways to make the recovery process more efficient. Honestly my least favorite part was just that the experience didn’t last longer! Were you nervous before/about interning? Have your fears been assuaged? I was definitely a little bit nervous before I began, and also in the beginning of the internship. The day I was most nervous for was the first time I did a speech therapy session on my own. The responsibility my co-workers and boss trusted me with was unbelievable. I was apprehensive about running the session on my own because I was worried I wouldn’t be able to describe some of the words or phrases in German. My co-worker had walked me through the whole process the day before though, and had reassured me that I wouldn’t have any trouble. The therapy went well and I was thankful they had challenged me to push myself past my comfort zone.

Nelson Monterrosa Diaz Sophomore, Nuclear Engineering/Mathematics and Physics major What are your career plans or future aspirations? I dream on creating a significant impact in the designing and elaboration of Nuclear Powered technologies and diminish, or disappear, their negative impact in society. Where are you interning? Eaton Corporation. My Power Plant is located in Greenwood, South Carolina. How did you secure this internship? I was able to find this opportunity attending the SHPE (Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers) National Conference. My involvement with different organizations on campus was vital to secure my internship during my interview. What are your intern responsibilities? I am currently a Design Engineer at Eaton where my responsibilities range from processing customer order descriptions and transforming them to designs to actually elaborate my own new technology designing for future businesses of the company. Being a Freshman I had little knowledge on the actual engineering processes in the company. Nevertheless, I received training and support from my coworkers that have allowed me to enhance more difficult assignments. Briefly describe a typical day as an intern: As the weeks have progressed in my internship, my responsibilities and my time at work have also increased. I started working from 8 AM to 5 PM with an hour lunch break in between. In the last weeks I have started work at 7 AM and left by 5 PM without taking any lunch break. My days start working in the current designs I have, normally followed by one or two meetings in which I present my improvements and update my manager on my work, and normally some other where we assess the economical impact on the company with our last designs or brainstorming on how to improve current models. What are your favorite and least favorite aspects of your internship? I love the fact that I am obtaining a great amount of information and experience as I am making so many new friends and impacting so many lives. I now understand the impact of my actions as an engineer and have found how much I love my career. Notwithstanding, sometimes as a student I feel the work load is rather big to what I expected and time management can be a real issue if I don’t pay enough attention to it. Were you nervous before/about interning? I was extremely nervous before my internship! My first contact with it was at our opening ceremony up in the International headquarters in Cleveland, Ohio. The company paid my airfare and stay at the local Marriott. There were three days of presentations and black tie meals where we had to learn as much as possible about the company. As time passed and I met the people I would be working with and the changes I would be making in the company with my input I felt less and less nervous and more confident on my work.

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Nelson Monterrosa Diaz

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Campus Kitchen TEXT

Research snippet By Christina Hunt Freshman, Journalism major

Nina Plocek Deina Bossa

Elizabeth McNeill, a senior from Tallahassee, Florida, has surely been an important contributor to the campus during her time at the University of Florida; as a former president of the Student Honors Organization, an Honors Special Events Intern, a member of the History Honors Society Phi Alpha Theta, and an editor for the History Department’s journal, Alpata. What’s next? Germany. This Gender Representation in History major will reside in Freiburg for a month participating in an intensive German language course at the Goethe-Institut, before moving on to Berlin where she will take a Third Reich history course at Freie Universität while conducting research in the historical archives. McNeill’s research will analyze “the effectiveness of Nazi propaganda aimed at Aryan women, who were encouraged to return to the domestic sphere and to produce racially superior children for the Reich.” Faculty advisers Dr. Giles and Dr. Kligerman support McNeill as she follows her interests by applying a unique interdisciplinary perspective to her research on Third Reich visual propaganda and how “it epitomizes the persuasive potency of visual communication and the Nazi desire to build an Aryan nation.” After graduation, McNeill hopes to become a German history professor who specializes in women’s social history; but in the meantime, she loves to kick back with a good book or get out onto the field for a game of soccer.

Take p m o h aC s i h T f o t u O Photography by Lexy Khella


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Flatbread

What I’ve Learned In College So Far...

By Christina Hunt Freshman, Journalism major

Pizzas

1. Putting a bookshelf together with a manual screwdriver = blisters. Lots and lots of blisters.

2. There’s no point in getting up before 11 a.m. because most places on campus are still closed and everyone else is in bed. 3. How to tie-dye a shirt. (Thanks, Tutoring Zone!) 4. DO NOT throw out receipts until you’re sure you won’t return the item (duh, right?) 5. You can totally bring more clothing than everyone acts like you should. 6. Wearing a UF lanyard with all of my keys and Gator1 is so convenient that I don’t care if I look “like a freshman”.

By Hannah Gamache Sophomore, English major After a college student has graduated from the meal plan, they are faced with the responsibility of making their own food, and as much as we’d like it to be, it’s simply not practical to live off of Mochi’s frozen yogurt samples. This can mean only one thing: Yes, we must learn to cook for ourselves, and preferably with the least amount of effort possible.

v Feta cheese, mushrooms, onions, and pine nuts. Substitute olive oil or pesto for sauce. v Parmesan cheese, sliced tomatoes, garlic, kalamata olives, and a dash of balsamic vinegar.

To the amateur college chef, the kitchen can seem daunting. With all those different types of pots, pans, openers, choppers, and processors, things can get downright confusing! Luckily, not all cooking is as difficult as it seems. And trust me: You don’t want to get stuck in a rut of microwave meals. A college student is perfectly capable of putting together a simple, yet satisfying meal. One of the tastiest and most versatile meals you can make is a flatbread pizza. Ordering delivery pizza can become monotonous, so making your own flatbreads is a less greasy alternative. Making your own pizza gives you the flexibility to choose your own ingredients, and they are remarkably easy to make. All you need is a package of lavash bread from the supermarket. This is a type of Armenian bread that looks like a large tortilla but becomes crispy when baked in the oven. Sami’s Bakery is a good brand. You can deck out your flatbread with cheese and deli meats, load it with vegetables, and choose whatever sauce you like. Pop them in the oven for 10 minutes, and you’ve got your own customized pizza. Get creative with the different flavor combinations and it won’t be repetitive if you have a pizza two days in a row. Flatbreads have the capacity to taste drastically different each time you make them.

Some favorite flavor combinations are:

v The classic: tomato sauce and mozzarella with basil. v Goat cheese, roast beef, onions, and pesto. v Bacon (pre-cooked), onions, tomato sauce, feta cheese, canned red peppers, and raisins.

You can throw together a gourmet pizza from just about anything you have in your fridge. Feel free to go crazy with the endless possibilities. Take the opportunity to break away from the monotony of Easy Mac and instant ramen, and get creative in the kitchen.

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7. My bike is my new best friend.

8. Powermint Tic Tacs are disgusting. 9. Instant coffee is also disgusting. 10. Losing power in your residence hall for more than twelve hours is a great bonding experience with your floor mates! 11. I’m pretty sure tuition money is going toward 4th of July fireworks, but this might actually be okay. 12. The mile bike ride from Lakeside to main campus really isn’t that big of a deal; especially since it takes me less time to ride my bike than it takes to ride the bus.


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Academic Title TEXT Drop

Calendar

Add week – August 21-23, 26-27

Withdrawal without fee deadline– August 27 Labor Day (no class) – September 2 S-U grade option deadline – September 6 CAMPUS LIFE

Homecoming (no classes)– October 18-19 Veterans Day (no class) – November 11 Last withdrawal option deadline – November 25 Thanksgiving (no classes)– November 27-30 Classes end – December 4

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Stress Stress and the Epic Battle By Celia Garthwait

Honors Theses due to College Advising Offices – December 4 Reading days (no classes) – December 5-6 Final exams – December 7, 9-13

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ss e r t S Don’t

Final grades available – December 18

Freshman, Biomedical Engineering and Equine Science major, Dance, Theatre Production, and Arts in Healthcare minors

Have you ever felt like tearing your hair out, running through the halls yelling nonsense while beating your chest, or crawling into a deep, dark hole and never coming out again? Perhaps you are feeling somewhat nervous about the upcoming semester with new roommates and classes? Well take this moment and just stop. Seriously. Close your eyes and inhale slowly through your nose. Hold your breath for a couple of seconds, and then exhale slowly through your mouth. Repeat as necessary.


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deep breaths

Stress is our body’s reaction when we are face with a challenge, and chances are we all experience stress at least a few times in our lives. Being a student in school and/or holding a job provide more than enough opportunities to fill our lifetime stress quota. While a little bit of stress is okay, it can easily go downhill and hijack us in any number of ways. We may become exhausted, sullen, unmotivated, ill, bored, overwhelmed, scared, or worried, among other things. These feelings aren’t particularly conducive to success in school, work, or life! Nevertheless, the good news is that most, if not all, of this is avoidable! is preventing the STEP 1: problemHalfin ofthethefirstbattle place. Know your limits.

Be organized, and be prepared. Use a planORGANIZE ner; UF even has free ones! Bring it with you everywhere to write down homework and other assignments as soon as they are given, along with appointments and events as soon as you learn about them. Having a separate calendar is a good idea as well. Paper or digital - whatever is more convenient for you - as long as you’ll see it everywhere. Avoid procrastination and cramming by taking care of assignments as soon as you learn about them! Study consistently throughout the semester, even if it is just little bits at a time, so that you don’t end up panicking at the last instant.

STEP 2:

1While examining your schedule as you fix up your calendar and planner, remember that DO WHAT while challenging yourself is great, overdoing YOU WANT it is not! Think carefully: do you like what you are doing? This may seem a bit drastic, TO DO but do you need to change your major? Find what you are passionate about, and create a list of things that make you happy. Also, make a commitment to volunteer somewhere about once a week. This shouldn’t be something you do solely to put on your resume, or because you are forced to do it; this should be something you really enjoy that provides you with a sense of selffulfillment. Try www.gainesvillevolunteer.com/where-to-volunteer. html for a great list of possible volunteer places! Meanwhile, realize that mistakes hapSTEP 3: pen. Learn from them. Habits will not form

LEARN & KEEP POSITIVE

overnight, so work on changing one thing at a time. If you try to do it all at once, chances are success won’t be knocking at your door any time soon. Keep a positive attitude, get motivated, and smile! Laugh! Let yourself be a kid. If you feel ridiculous, channel your frustration and anger into whatever your project may be. Be creative! Even if you don’t feel like smiling, do!

STEP 4:

Avoid the people who make you unhappy, bring you down, or anger CREATE A you. Spend time with people who put HAPPY a smile on your face. Find your friends ENVIRONMENT or dormmates with pets and visit them. Call a good friend or relative if needed. Don’t worry about the whole “forever alone” nonsense. If you ever feel unloved, unappreciated, or down about things, visit the humane society and pop into one of the kitty rooms, or visit the kennels. If you don’t feel thoroughly loved after that, then you need to re-evaluate and realize that you are appreciated. Visiting the UF Health and Wellness Center and making an appointment is also a great idea! Don’t be afraid or embarrassed to seek help for yourself or a friend – you can’t get through everything alone! is a great way to help relive STEP 5: stress. Exercise Even if you’re not athletic, set simple

goals, such as running one mile on the tread-

EXERCISE mill. When you accomplish that, you’ll feel

better. As a UF student, you have a free membership to both gyms on campus - Southwest Recreational Center and the Student Recreation and Fitness Center. Student Rec is conveniently located next to Moe’s, the Murphee Area, and the stadium, while Southwest is a bit further out, across the street from the Phillips Center and the Harn Museum on Hull Road. You can even visit the RecSports website to check their live cameras to know how busy Southwest is before you go! When you can’t possibly make it to the gym, don’t panic. There are alternative physical activities such as going for a walk, hiking some stairs, or doing chores. Accomplishing these everyday tasks helps your body to stay fit.

forget that despite the sleepless STEP 6: collegeDon’t student stereotype, sleep really is essential to functioning! You know the drill, seven SLEEP to nine hours every night. However, waking up is also essential if you want to get anything done. Perhaps you don’t think of yourself as a morning person? Think about it this way: instead of groggily drilling yourself through homework all hours of the night, stop at a decent hour and go to bed, then wake up early and finish it then. You will be refreshed and able to work more efficiently. If waking up is difficult no matter what the hour is, invest in a good alarm clock. There are ones that vibrate, flash lights, beep, ring, and play your iPod. Whatever works for you, do it. If you are one of those blessed individuals that can wake up on time even without an alarm clock, then hooray for you! Set an alarm clock just in case.

All in all, try to keep good habits. Stay as organized as possible and do your best to plan ahead to avoid procrastination or cramming. Make a list of everything you need to do for the day in a prominent place where you can read it. Check off things as you complete them instant satisfaction. Stay focused! Avoid playing video games or going on the computer to de-stress; try something else instead, as you stare at a screen more than enough as it is. Unless you’re on a roll, do take occasional breaks while doing schoolwork to catch a breather. NOTE: this is not a license to procrastinate! This is your essential moment to relax and refresh yourself before diving back into the throes of homework.

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You may catch yourself thinking, I AM STRESSED RIGHT NOW. HOW AM I SUPPOSED TO RELAX? Well, half of the problem is simply preventing the stress from happening in the first place. There are plenty of ways to both relieve and avoid stress altogether. In addition to everything already mentioned, check out the following ideas, and be ever vigilant in your efforts towards a lovely stress-free life. 1.) Be creative! Think outside of the box, and just be a kid with some arts and crafts! Draw a smiley face on the back of your hand and get to work. 2.) Channel your inner tourist. Whether you are sitting in your dorm room, at the library, or outside, take at least six pictures from an odd perspective. No camera, no worries, just use your mind. Examine things as if you’d never seen them before. 3.) Make a card tower. It doesn’t have to be out of playing cards; you can use business cards, mail, or books as well! Use your cards to play a game of solitaire once you’re tired of making pyramids that the ancient Egyptians would envy. 4.) Snail mail. Write a letter or a card to someone, not to be delivered, but to be destroyed. This is your soul on a slip of paper, or at least as much of it as can fit.

5.) Hello, circle! Draw a circle on a piece of paper and then fill it in however you choose - words, doodles, anything. You can also do this with the entire piece of paper, but for all of those weird little things that make us human, filling in that circle is often more relaxing. 6.) Record those thoughts. Keep a journal. Every morning when you get up, write what you are looking forward to that day. Repeat at night, instead writing what you enjoyed about the day. Write a word, a sentence, or a paragraph whenever the mood strikes you. Or if words aren’t your thing, keep a photo journal - after all, a picture speaks a thousand words! 7.) The Ever-Helpful Alligator Consider this list of suggestions for what you can do after you have read a copy of the Alligator, or your other favorite newspaper: ~Recycle it. ~Make a paper airplane. ~Ball it up and play basketball with your recycling bin. ~Origami! ~Fill in all of the letters. ~Roll it into a cylinder and peer through it while wandering

through the halls, shouting “Land, ho!” or “Walk the plank!” at random intervals. ~Bring out some markers, colored pens and pencils and color in the classifieds to make a patchwork quilt. Only one rule: the same color can’t be used on any two ads with shared edges. ~Mold it into a figure of an alligator. ~ Cut out letters (larger ones like from headlines and ads may be easiest to work with), and write yourself a letter. Make it funny! ~Find a letter “a” on the page. From this A to some Z, connect the letters with a line. Behold, you have created an alphabet monster! ~Make a spiffy pen holder or vase or bowl or something creative: a) Cut newspaper long-ways into strips. Width of strips is up to you and does not have to be the same. Try cutting them between half an inch to one inch. b) To increase strength of final product, pair or triple up about half a dozen of the strips. Weave them together into a small square. c) Place a water bottle on the square, which should be roughly the same size as the base. Note: You can also use a shoebox, an oatmeal container, a bowl, or something else in place of the water bottle to end up with a different shape. You are only limited by your imagination! d.) Slide a rubber band onto water bottle towards the top, and slide strips under the rubber band, leaving some slack in the paper. These will help form the sides of our pencil holder. e.) Next, take some more strips of paper, pair them up, and start weaving them around the bottle starting at the bottom. Once you get to the end of one strip, grab another and continue on. Don’t worry about your strips being tight to the bottle yet. Keep in mind that you have an even number of strips forming the walls up from the base, so you’ll need to skip one of them each time you go around, preferably the same one. f.) Keep weaving until you get to where your rubber band is. Now is the time to slide all of your strips down towards the base of the bottle, and ensure that they are snug into each other and the bottle. This will probably mean that you’ll have to do some more weaving at the top to reach the band again. g.) Now you will finish off the strips to keep them from going crazy! To do so, select one of your poking up strips. Right above the rubber band, bend it down at a slight angle, and then bend it back up so that it is perpendicular to the ground. Carefully removing the rubber band after a step or two of this, repeat this step going all the way around the bottle. You may need to use a wee bit of tape or glue if some of your strips are on the shorter side and want to escape. However, most of them will hold themselves down. h.) Remove water bottle, and behold your beautiful pencil-holderthing! i.) Optional but highly recommended: Reinforce your vase! For the bottom of your vase, pile and fold a number of sheets of newspaper into a thick stack slightly smaller than the inside base. Tape this bundle together and place inside. This will help things to not poke through the bottom. For the sides, take several sheets of paper no taller than the vase and just slightly longer than the circumference, roll them into a circle, and stick inside, pushing them against the walls. j.) Decorate your vase as desired!

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CAMPUS LIFE

CAMPUS LIFE

GET crafty on a college budget By Alexa Gedigian Junior, Public Relations major

Let’s all be honest: we always assume we will have much more free time during the summer than actually pans out. Right? Because I know that even between work, summer classes and beach trips, we each have a list of things we want to accomplish before fall classes begin again. My summer plans include making things for my apartment so that when August rolls around, I won’t have to spend all of my summer paychecks on expensive decorations. The projects that I’ve chosen for this summer will definitely fit into your busy summer schedule – right in between hitting the pool and grabbing frozen yogurt with your friends.

Eco-friendly Vases

If your living room or dorm is in need of sprucing up, you don’t have to go any further than your recycling bin (because I know you all recycle, right?). This project is the best because it is almost completely free, especially if you have some paint on hand from previous projects. Materials: Do It Yourself: Water bottles, shampoo 1. Although I specified in the materials, any plastic bottle will work for this project. bottles or wine bottles I was looking for shapes that would make Paint good vases and my favorites were the sham- Paintbrushes poo and conditioner bottles from Tresmeé. They are very simply shaped without extra curves or indents. 2. Wash your bottle out thoroughly, and make sure there isn’t any leftover liquid in the bottle. Also, be sure to take off any of the bottle labels. You have a huge sticky residue now, don’t you? Soak the bottle in warm, soapy water for about 10 minutes. Afterward, rub off the sticky stuff with a clean cloth or sponge. 3. Now that your bottle is clean and adhesive-free, use your creativity and paint the bottle to your liking. I did all black to start and I plan on finishing it up with a pattern of bright colors along the bottom. For new ideas, I like to go online and find more expensive vases with cool designs to try and replicate with paint.

Watercolor Crayon Painting

Remember when you were a kid and you had to buy a 24-pack of crayons for school? I always remember getting to the end of the year and finding all of my crayons sadly worn down or broken – except for the white crayon. Who ever used that one anyway? Well, I found a fantastic art project that uses a white crayon to make a beautiful watercolor painting: http://alisaburke.blogspot.com/2012/03/ creativity-with-crayons.html. Do It Yourself: Materials: 1. Use the white crayon to draw a design or White poster board, picture on your background material. It cancardboard or small be any design you want, just make sure you canvas know what you’re coloring since it can be White crayon hard to tell! Watercolors 2. Paint with the watercolors over the top Paintbrush of your white artwork. Feel free to mix

colors and blend them into each other for an ombre effect. You’ll notice that the paint won’t stick to the white crayon and will fill in the spaces around your design. 3. Looking for something a bit more edgy? Try using black paint over any color crayon. Use several bright colors to draw an abstract design and paint black over to make it look neon.

Candy Stripe Friendship Bracelet

For me, summer vacation is equivalent to summer camp. I’ve been attending the same camp since I was five years old, and I’ve spent the last six summers working as a counselor. One of my favorite memories from camp is sitting outside with my group and making friendship bracelets in the shade. They are so colorful and really signify laid-back summer style. I’m going to show you how I do the most simple of the bracelets, based on the tricks and tips that I’ve come to learn. Do It Yourself: Materials: 1. Begin by measuring out about 5 feet Embroidery floss in a variof each of 3 colors. I know it seems ety of colors – can be found extremely long, but you’re doubling the in most craft stores by the string so it’s easier to tie your bracelet yarn and sewing materials on when you’re finished. Tape 2. Match up the end of all the strings Scissors and fold in half. You should have a loop on top and six ends on the bottom. 3. Tie a knot in the top with an overhead knot and tape to a surface. 4. Separate the colors so that you have a pattern: 1 2 3 4 5 6 5. Begin on the left and pull 1 over the 2 and make a “4” shape with the two strings. Tuck the end of string 1 under 2 into the loop and pull. This is the basic knot and you will use it over and over again, so you’ll get good at it very quickly. Tug tightly to tie the knot. Do this twice. 6. Move along the row - still using string 1 - this time over string 3. Tie two knots and continue down each string. You’ll notice that it makes a full row of the color of string 1 across the strings. String 1 should now be at the right, making your strands: 2 3 4 5 6 1 7. Follow the previous steps, this time with string 2. At the end of row 2, your strings should be: 3 4 5 6 1 2. Continue on until you have a bracelet long enough to meet the top of your overhead knot when wrapped around your wrist. 8. Separate the strings into groups of 3 and braid each for about an inch. Tie a small knot at the end of each and trim the edges. These two braids will be used to tie your bracelet on so that you are able to take it off at whim. * Side note: Don’t worry if your bracelet doesn’t look quite like mine for the first few rows. It takes a lot of practice, but they always come out looking great at the end!

Get Organized The final weeks in August call to mind new classes, new friends and new things to stress over. It doesn’t matter if you’re entering as a baby Gator, still trying to figure out the quickest way from Hume to Turlington, or if you’re starting your final year, desperate for more time in The Swamp. When I start feeling anxious about the upcoming semester, one of the easiest ways to relieve the pressure is by organizing as much as possible before classes begin. If it goes slightly against your nature to prepare this far in advance (deep breathing, procrastinators), just think how you’ll feel come move-in day if you’re already set for the semester. One of the best investments for the upcoming school year is a large whiteboard calendar. I bought mine from Target and it has served me well for two years. Every month I can just erase all the dates and assignments and start fresh. It’s one of those cathartic moments at the end of each month, sort of like crossing things off a checklist as they’re finished. I also tend to color code as much as possible, so I bought a pack of skinny, colorful dry erase markers and assigned one to each course. Make sure to add in football games (in orange or blue marker, of course) and rehearsals, practices and meetings for the month. Something else that I’ve seen recently is an organization board, where you dedicate a portion of your wall to cork boards, dry erase boards and a calendar. All of your organizational tools can be displayed creatively in one area, which makes your life that much easier. Make sure when you pick up your corkboards you also grab some cute pushpins to pin your class schedule, football tickets and anything else up. Mine are bright green, blue and purple! Do you remember in middle and high school when your teachers would require a 2-inch binder that you weren’t allowed to share with another class? And heaven forbid you accidentally buy the 2.5-inch binder instead. The reason they spent so much energy forcing you into those identical binders was to hopefully instill in you some understanding of organization. In college, you thankfully don’t have to deal with class lists or specific supplies, but that makes the mountains of papers from each class seem overwhelming. I’ve found that getting an accordion folder is the easiest way to alleviate some of the confusion. Assign each section to one of your classes and start filing. You can also use one of the areas for those extra resumes or portfolio pieces. I also highly recommend printing the syllabus and course calendar that your professors send out in their introductory emails and adding these to the file for reference. By the time final exams roll around, you won’t have to worry about when or where yours is taking place since your syllabus will be handy. One of the last things I’m going to suggest is one of the most simple of the list: check your bag before you leave for that first class of each day. You don’t have a locker in college, so if you’ve forgotten your books in your dorm or apartment, they might be an entire bus ride away. Give yourself an extra minute or two in the morning to figure out your plan for the day. If you live off-campus, are you planning on going home again before heading to your other classes? Or would it be better to spend that period between in the Hub working on your online class? Figure out what you need and intend to work on so you can ensure you have the necessary items before you leave. Procrastinators, remember how I recommended some deep breathing at the start of this article? Hopefully I’ve inspired you to rethink your ways and take a little time to organize your life before running out the door in the morning. College is supposed to be the best time of your life, so don’t ruin it by stressing over the little things. Organizing your life in these small ways might be just what you need to get your year off to the best start possible.

By Alexa Gedigian Sophomore, Public Relations major

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CAMPUS LIFE

Save it Tip 1: Look up the ISBN number of the book you need on multiple sites to compare prices before making a purchase. Also, take into consideration shipping costs. Websites like Amazon offer free shipping to students with a school email address.

CAMPUS LIFE

for the nights out for eating out for anything else By Christina Hunt Freshman, Journalism major

estim Post-sec a o year te the cos ndary sch for an t of t ools a ex four years undergrad tbooks a cross the t arou natio and y uate book n nd st o s once that’ll be u’re lookin udent. M $1,000 u a se y g inclu ou’re don ntenced t at spend ltiply that e wit ding i o by n g a life $4 h su exorb itant mmer cla them. An of collec ,000 on ti d s tips a t nd yo extbook b ses! Want that’s not ng dust i t u’re s ure to ll this sem o cut bac even k on ester? save u you F pwar ds of ollow the r se 30 pe rcent !

Class: AMH 3423 Florida Since 1845 with Steven Noll Book Title & Author: Florida: A Short History by Michael Gannon UF Bookstore: $14.95 New, $11.25 Used Amazon.com: $8.00 New, $3.55 Used Half.com: $8.97 New, $3.55 Used Chegg.com: $15.99 New, $14.49 Used

Tip 4: If you’re sure you won’t drop the class, buy your textbooks before you get to school. Taking a proactive approach and preparing ahead of time will provide you with more options in price and book condition when selecting your textbook from an online source.

Tip 2: Share textbooks with friends in your class! You study in groups, right? Why have five textbooks piled onto that library table when you could have just one or two! This will allow you to split the cost in half, thirds, or maybe even more!

Class: MAC1140 Pre-calculus Algebra with Shannon Street Book Title & Author: Precalculus by Larson UF Bookstore: $140.00 New Amazon.com: $122.95 New

Class: POT2002 Intro to Political Theory with Manu Samnotra Book Title & Author: The Human Condition by Hannah Arendt UF Bookstore: $17.50 New, $13.25 Used Amazon.com: $8.00 New, $3.89 Used Half.com: $7.00 New, $4.23 Used Chegg.com: $6.96 Used

Tip 5: Got a Kindle? Nook? IPad? Websites like ecampus.com, coursesmart.com, and kno.com provide etextbooks to rent, often for less than a hard copy! Carrying around that e-reader versus a load of heavy textbooks could relieve that shoulder pain as well as the sting of the cost!

Tip 3: Once you find out which textbooks you need, ask students you know who may have already taken the class. Did they really use that textbook? Do they still have their copy that you could borrow or buy for a cheap price? Also, make sure to join the Facebook group “UF Textbook Exchange.” Class: RTV3405 TV & American Society with Jessica Mahone Book Title & Author: Cognitive Psychology of Mass Communication by Richard Jackson Harris UF Bookstore: $67.95 New, $51.00 Used Amazon.com: $1.99 New, $0.99 Used Half.com: $39.99 New, $26.09 Used Chegg.com: $60.49 New, $39.99 Used

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Class: MMC1702 Rock ‘n’ Roll and America 2 with Ji Hoon Lee Book Title & Author: Rock and Roll: An Introduction by Michael Campbell and James Brody UF Bookstore: $51.99 Rent Amazon.com: $83.10 New, $12.00 Used Half.com: $83.92 New, $15.00 Used Chegg.com: $36.99 New, $32.49 Used Tip 6: Sell your books after the semester is over! Don’t just leave them in your dorm when you move out. You can use that extra money to purchase next semester’s supplies. Other sources for discounted textbooks: campusbooks.com, textbooks. com, barnesandnoble.com, book.ly, swoopthat.com.

Image by Ryan Baum

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CAMPUS LIFE

CAMPUS LIFE

MARSHALL PETRIK Fort Myers, FL Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering major

Compiled by Ryan Baum and Kaityln Johnston

MARINA KAY WIATT

Marathon, FL Biological Engineering major

I was raised in the Florida Keys on a sixteen acre commercial fishing island. Growing up in an environmentally and culturally diverse area has allowed me to see and experience things from a very different perspective. I have lived through the strength and destruction of a hurricane, and I have learned the power of hard work, family, and friendship. I would not change anything about my upbringing because it has shaped who I am today. I have a passion for traveling, and one of my life goals is to travel to all seven continents.

STEPHEN GIBBS

Longwood, FL Chemical Engineering major

Throughout high school I was always passionate about playing sports, especially team sports. I truly enjoy the satisfaction of working together with teammates to improve my game and to reach our goals. I plan to continue playing sports by getting involved in all the intramurals that I can at UF! I’m grateful to be an Eagle Scout, and I enjoy volunteering at my church’s summer camp. I also love to travel as much as possible. Whether it’s hiking mountains in Alaska, surfing in Hawaii, or even climbing ruins in Chichén Itzá, I’m grateful for every opportunity I have to visit a new place.

Page designed by Ryan Baum

I am an avid cyclist and pen maker. I have been a cyclist my whole life and have aspirations of making it on a professional team sometime in the near future. I am excited to join the UF cycling team not only to improve my skills and practice, but to meet a great group of UF students. My other passion in life is making pens, something I have been doing for almost three years. Using a lathe, I have made over 200 pens of various materials from exotic hardwoods to solid titanium. I love the challenge of pushing the limits of the hobby and seeing how well I can blend both form and function. I plan on starting a lathe turning club at UF to share my passion with other Gators.

ARI SHARFSTEIN Davy, FL Philosophy major

I’m super excited to start my college career as a Florida Gator! My parents, both alumni, raised me to bleed orange and blue from the beginning, and I can’t wait to start making my own history in the annals of the University of Florida. I love to play the guitar, sing, and listen to music (everything from Ska Punk to Jazz). I hope to join one of UF’s renowned a cappella choirs. Community service is also very important to me. For the past four years I have served as a counselor at Camp Jenny, a camp for underprivileged youth from inner-city Atlanta, and I fully intend to continue fundraising and to return as part of the adult staff.

BRENDAN DUFRESNE Winter Park, FL Chemical Engineering and Music major

One of my biggest hobbies is music. I play Piano and Trombone, and sing Bass. I was Principal Trombonist in the FMEA All-State Orchestra and the Florida Symphony Youth Orchestra for the past three years. I enjoy playing all forms of music, but my favorites are classical and jazz. I am an Eagle Scout, which I earned by constructing a 15’X15’ science exhibit outside of my Elementary School. I love humor and will laugh at almost anything. Most of what I say is sarcastic. I hate taking things too seriously, so I take everything as a joke. I like hanging out and having a good time with people.

SAMEER SABOUNGI Port Orange, FL Biology major

I consider myself an opinionated intellectual interested in changing the world. My commitment to helping other people has helped me organize various initiatives in high school and has made me interested in starting my own NGO. I find immense satisfaction in helping heal others; thus, I hope to pursue a career in medicine. I enjoy learning about other cultures and educating people about my heritage. I plan to pursue a double major in Anthropology or International Studies. As an active Muslim, my faith defines a big part of me. I’m also fluent in Arabic, English and Spanish!. Fun fact: my name in Arabic means “he who excels and enjoys conversations,” and my last name means “Soapmaker!”

RACHEL WISE

Zephyrhills, FL Public Relations major

I always have had a passion for working with people. At 13, I wrote and published a bullying prevention book entitled “Kachina and the Bully”. I developed a bullying coping program to go along with the book and have since toured Florida and the United States teaching these methods from a relatable perspective. In 2011, I served as the Florida 4-H State Council President where I represented over 230,000 youth in Florida. In this position, I further spread my passion by teaching students about leadership, citizenship, public speaking and other life development skills. I have continued to serve my community through numerous hours spent talking with legislators and other important government officials about youth issues. As I study at the University of Florida for the next four years, I will continue my steadfast work with youth development.

AMANDA CLARK

Palmetto, FL Telecommunications major

I say that you can take a girl out of Louisiana, but you cannot take Louisiana out of a girl. I’m a native of Alexandria, Louisiana, and a lifetime Saints fan. I love to spend Sundays watching Drew Brees and the Boys on the field. When not watching the Saints, or following my favorite Formula 1 race team, Red Bull, I enjoy hanging out with my three Italian Greyhounds: Mercury, Calliope, and Bacchus. I also like reading the latest book in my never-ending stack. When I was accepted at UF, my entire Louisiana family drew in its collective breath, for I was stepping on Tiger toes. Despite my Louisiana roots, I am looking forward to being a baby Gator and can’t wait to spend my Saturdays in the Swamp doing the Gator chomp!

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KAITYLN JOHNSTON Windermere, FL Communication Sciences and Disorders major

I consider it a great privilege to have a voice. I’ve delivered presentations in national speech competitions, debated in front of foreign policy experts, spelled in front of cameras at the National Spelling Bee on ESPN, taught hundreds of children, and spoken to almost every person with whom I’ve had contact. A voice is a gift. Therefore, I want to become a speech-language-pathologist because despite all of my experiences, I’ve been humbled with the overwhelming realization that giving others the chance to use their voices is the greatest use of mine. In my free time, I enjoy eating blackberry-chip ice cream, participating in English Country Dancing, conversing with my friends, laughing so hard that it hurts, and riding kiddie rides at Mexican festivals.

ISIS ASH

Plant City, FL Telecommunications major

I’m a firecracker born on July 4th from Plant City, Florida. I plan to study Telecommunications with a focus in News and Women’s Studies. My life is full of laughter, and I love to go out with my friends. I enjoy exploring different types of music, and couldn’t live without Netflix. My high school experience was centered heavily on doing my best in academics, playing tennis, volunteering for the Florida Special Olympics, and organizing a blood drive. I couldn’t be more excited to be joining the Gator Nation this fall, and I can’t wait to meet other honors students just like you!

RYAN BAUM

Orlando, FL Graphic Design and Business major

I’ve always enjoyed creative activity, but the arts consistently took a backseat to my academics early on in my life; they were left as an escape more than as a focus. In tenth grade, however, I entered in my first competition and won Best in Show along with the privilege of exhibiting my artwork in our nation’s Capitol building. That opportunity turned a hobby into a budding passion and ever since, I’ve balanced my art and academics, exhibiting my work in many different venues. I’ve also been an avid percussionist for the last eight years, and I love making music almost as much as I enjoy listening to it. At UF, I hope to join campus ministry and find new ways to get involved with my surroundings.

Page designed by Ryan Baum


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CAMPUS LIFE

ARTS: LIFE OUTSIDE OF HONORS

The Scholarship The Lombardi and Stamps scholarship is awarded to 11 outstanding high school seniors on their way to becoming baby gators in the fall. Scholars rank at the top of their class, or near it, in academics, service, extracurricular activities, leadership, moral character, and creativity in their endeavors. The scholars receive $2,700 a semester, and are expected to attend 4 summer trips, included in the scholarship, with their class of scholars: study abroad in Mexico, leadership training through Outward Bound, an exploration trip to South Africa, and a service trip to Peru.

Fall 2012 Semester Calendar

By Celia Garth wait Freshman, Bio medical Engin eering and Equ Science majors ine / Dance, Theatr e Production, Arts in Health and care minors

Photograph contributed by Ryan Baum

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ARTS: OUTSIDE OF HONORS

t s u g Au

ARTS: OUTSIDE OF HONORS

Hazel meeting for Anime Inter21Sister 4Information 30 Gator 7:30pm - Phillips Center Student Government national 7:00pm - CSE E222

First Gator Anime meeting of the year, featuring a presentation of information for both new and returning members followed by a showing of the summer’s hottest anime with the possibility of free food!

6:30-7:30pm - 361 JWRU

Learn all you need to know about running for an Executive position or Senate seat in the Student Body Elections.

Kick off the UF Performing Arts Season with a concert by Gainesville’s own Sister Hazel. Even as the band has enjoyed success with multiple Billboard top hits, performing over 100 times annually while traveling, they are still loyal to home. UF student admission $10.

14 Government 17 Residence halls open 5Student Open House Sorority Formal 3 2 11:00-4:00pm - SG Office (3rd 7 1 recruitment floor Reitz Union) Check out this open house 1 Go Global Fair Children’s 2 learn about all of the Family 19 Home Society 305:00-7:00pm - Pugh Hall toevents, 0 3 programs, services, 8 Weekend 2012: 2 Ocora Treasure Hunt Shopping and offices that the Student Primary Election

Event

TBA - Family Treasures Thrift Shop, 710 N. Main Street

Check out this “high end yard sale” with electronics, furniture, antiques, clothing, and other items!

Body, and 29Mind, Spirit

11:00-2:00pm - Reitz Union North Lawn

Stop by this outdoor fair with booths and areas featuring different aspects of mental, physical and emotional health. Yoga and an on-site counselor are also among the offerings at this event sponsored by the AWARE ambassadors and the Counseling and Wellness Center at UF.

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Bowling League Meeting

7:30pm - Reitz Union

Come on out to the first meeting of the year to learn all about the bowling league at UF. You do not need to be an expert at the sport – as long as you love bowling you are welcome!

Not just for those with international interest, this fair may introduce students to resources, programs, and departments they were not aware of and assist them in thinking about their education on a global level.

Ourselves 30Improving in College 8:00-9:00pm - Reitz Union

Get motivated and learn effective means to live up to your full potential with this inspirational talk, featuring guest speaker Matthew Tenney.

r e b m te

sep

3Labor Day (No classes) 3-8Interfraternity Council Rush

Fraternity rush week begins with a mandatory Recruitment Orientation on September 3rd, followed by “Meet the Brothers” and other nightly events from 8:00-10:00pm.

Government has to offer.

Registration 14DUE: for Student Organizations

All new and existing student organizations must register/ re-register.

Walk to End 152012 Alzheimer’s

9:00am -Bo Diddley Community Plaza

Participate in this annual nation-wide walk to raise awareness and fundraise for Alzheimer’s care, support, and research

Annual Down1511th town Latino Festival

12:00-9:00pm - Bo Diddley Community Plaza

Celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month at this family friendly event filled with cultural performances, live music, informational booths, food vendors, and more!

Bringing Home the Orange and Blue

Gator families are welcomed to campus to experience a weekend of everything that UF has to offer. Registration is necessary and opens midAugust.

Rolling Stones 28The – Some Girls, Live

in Texas

7:30pm - Phillips Center View this 100 minute, rarely seen movie which captures both the excitement of the crowd and the talent of the Rolling Stones at the height of their career. This updated version of the film also includes an interview of Sir Mick Jagger. UF Students admission $10. Pride 29Gainesville Festival and Parade Gainesville Pride 0 3 Festival and 9 2 Parade

r e b o oct

Student Govern2-3ment Elections

8:00am-8:00pm

Various locations around campus

Dance – 2Ragamala Sacred Earth 7:30 pm - Phillips Center

Become absorbed in this dance performance celebrating the interconnectedness of humans and the land through the myths and culture of India. UF student

That Go 2“Things Bump in the Night”

Through March 15, 2013 Harn Museum

Admission is free to this exhibit which explores the relationship of art and the fears and anxieties that appear after the sun goes down.

day to register to 9Last vote for national elections!

12-14

31st Annual Downtown Festival and Art Show 10:00-5:00pm - Downtown

Volunteer at this festival filled with visual, performing, and culinary arts that boasts an attendance of over 100,000!

Wauburg 13Lake Adventure Race

Modern Im19“The 24 Homecoming: pulse: Photography Talent Night

from Europe and America Between the Wars”

Through January 6, 2013 - Harn Museum Free admission to this exhibit which explores the phenomena of the 35mm portable camera as it became the mechanism for worldwide change in invention, culture, art, and society.

19Homecoming: Soulfest 5:00-10:00pm - Reitz Union

“Journey Through America: One Body, One Mind, One SOUL” is the theme of this year’s Soulfest, a multicultural extravaganza of music, art, and dance featuring free international foods, a tabling fair, an outdoor concert, and a talent showcase whose winner gets the distinction of performing at Gator Growl.

Enjoy the unique, amusing, and infectious performance of this ensemble as it reinterprets all the musical genres. UF student admission $10.

22 Homecoming: Pageant 7:00pm - Phillips Center

Connecting to the Gator Growl theme of “United We Growl,” this year’s Homecoming Pageant promises to be even more patriotic and school spirited than ever before as some of the most outstanding men and women on campus compete for Homecoming Court.

and Education Celebration

7:00pm

Get ready to be amazed, not with magic, but with the talent of Gainesville. Open to all residents and students of Gainesville, competition will be high for the chance to perform at Gator Growl, but the talent will be even higher.

19Homecoming: Soulfest 5:00-10:00pm - Reitz Union

“Journey Through America: One Body, One Mind, One SOUL” is the theme of this year’s Soulfest, a multicultural extravaganza of music, art, and dance featuring free international foods, a tabling fair, an outdoor concert, and a talent showcase whose winner gets the distinction of performing at Gator Growl.

Orchestra of 21Ukulele 27-31 Great Britain

7:30pm - University Auditorium

28 Homecoming: Swamp Symphony

Alachua Country Library District Friends of the Library’s Fall 2012 Book Sale

Afternoons - Friends of the Library Huge book sale of over 500,000 donated books, CDs, posters, puzzles, games, records, DVDs, and more! Profits support the Alachua County Library District and for community literacy projects. Check the Friends of the Library website for hours.

5:00pm - Flavet Field

The College of Fine Arts and UF Homecoming come together to present you with the inaugural Swamp Symphony! This free show includes the University of Florida’s glee club, orchestra, symphony, drum line, and other performers, followed by a celebration of the contributions of the Education faculty and staff at UF as nominated by the students.

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Capitol Steps 5The 7:30pm - Phillips Center

Come to this performance by the Capitol Steps blending music with political comedy for a performance that is “not for the faint of heart, nor those considering a run for office.” UF Student admission $10.

6National Elections 9 Homecoming (no classes) Gator 9Homecoming: Gallop 11:00am - University Avenue

Join this 2 mile run/walk around the University of Florida’s campus, which serves as the official escort for the Homecoming Parade. Pre-registration is $15, and registration the day of the event is $20 in cash only.

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9 Homecoming: Parade 12:00pm - University Avenue

Watch UF’s 89th Annual Homecoming Parade featuring the theme “United We Growl,” and check out spectacular floats, bands, and special guests showcasing both community and student organizations.

9Homecoming: Gator Growl

7:00pm - Ben Hill Griffin Stadium

Celebrate the culmination of Homecoming Week at the world’s largest studentrun pep rally, “United We Growl,” complete with an amazing fireworks display, the Fighting Gators Marching Band, student skits, world famous entertainers, and more!

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Homecoming: Alumni Barbeque

2.5 hours before kickoff O’Connell Center

Everyone from baby gators to current students to alumni is invited to this huge tailgate to celebrate the love of the Gator Nation. Event entrance is free, and there will be appearances by the Cheerleaders, the Dazzlers, and Albert and Alberta, plus raffle drawings, trivia contests, carnival games, a “Most Spirited Gator Guy and Gal” for kids under 12, and more! Meal tickets are $10 and may be pre-purchased so that you can enjoy the delicious barbeque and refreshments provided by local restaurants.

Day 12Veterans (no classes) 21Sing-a-Long-a Sound of Music

7:30 pm - Phillips Center

You certainly don’t want to miss this fun, interactive showing of The Sound of Music complete with lyrics on the screen so the whole audience can sing along! Wear a costume to compete in the fancy dress competition, and get ready to have the time of your life. UF student admission $10.

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Thanksgiving

(no classes) Craft Festival 5 2 Saturday: 10:004 26:00pm, Sunday: 10:005:00pm - O’Connell Center

Bring your Gator1 card and get $1 admission as a UF student to the Craft Festival showcasing handmade crafts by over 300 different talented artisans. Satisfy all of your unique decorating and gift giving needs!

r e b m Dece 5Last Days of Classes McIntyre Project 5Trey 7:30pm - Phillips Center

Attend this captivating and transformative contemporary dance performance by the Trey McIntyre Project. UF student admission $10.

ARTS: OUTSIDE OF HONORS Union De14Reitz Stress Study Fest 5All-Day - Reitz Union

Relax and prepare for your exams with free tutoring seasons, open study rooms, arts and crafts, the coffee fairy, the pizza fairy, therapy animals, and more! For details check the Reitz Union website closer to the end of the semester.

6-7(no classes) 8-14Final exams 19Final grades available Reading days

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Gainesville Scrabble Club {2nd and 4th Wednesdays of the month} 5:30-8:30pm - Millhopper Branch Library

Everyone - beginner through expert - is welcome to come to the library and play Scrabble. If you have your own Scrabble board, you are encouraged to bring it.

Poetry Jam

{Every Thursday} 9:00pm - Civic Media Center

All styles of performance art are welcome to perform at this weekly night of artistic expression!

ArtWalk Gainesville

{Last Friday of every month} 7:00-10:00pm - Gainesville Downtown Community Plaza

Experience the wealth of creativity that Gainesville has to offer with this free self-guided tour presenting stimulating visual arts, live performances, and events. Maps are released a couple of days before the event which typically encompasses a dozen or so galleries and other venues downtown.

Gator Nights!

{Every Friday night} 6:00pm-2:00am - Reitz Union

Don’t forget your Gator1 to enjoy this free weekly campus-wide event which offers everything from bands, improv shows, and first run movies to arts and crafts, video games, novelties, and DJs. There is even a free midnight breakfast!

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Gainesville 101:

RESTAURANT GUIDE Written by Lexy Khella Sophomore, Political Science major

List Compiled by Sama Imran Ilyas

Sophomore, Biology major, Disabilities minor

Afternoon Knitters {Every Thursday}

2:00-4:00pm Millhopper Branch Library

Bring your knitting, crocheting, etc. and meet with this group to share ideas and work on creative projects together.

Need a pick-me-up, an escape, a good bite, something to hit the sweet spot, or some cultural cuisine - it’s all right here.

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E V I DR Words from the Wise

When I posted on Class of 2015’s page asking what the best places to eat in Gainesville were, someone instantly replied “the dining center, of course.” So I suggest you try that out, and well, if it doesn’t work out, here’s a little preview of what Gainesville has to offer. This is a list for those of you who don’t have a mealplan (and can’t cook). And also for those people who want to escape the dining hall by their second week of school.

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The on campus options of Chick-fil-a, Subway and Starbucks get boring really easily. They also don’t stay open late. Luckily, the area across University Avenue (“midtown”) will become a frequent source of food. It is convenient particularly because of its proximity to campus. For those living in the Murphree area, especially, off-campus food is just a few strides away (quite literally). - Sama

Chipotle $ Who doesn’t like Chipotle? Warning: This will become a staple in your college diet, but it is possible to eat too much of Chipotle in a short amount of time and get sick of it. However, don’t worry, it is only temporary. 2 locations: University Ave and Archer Road

Pita Pit $ Tired of the college diet already? Too many pizzas and burgers, and more pizzas? Add in some Lebanese spice and build your own pita. 2 locations: University and Archer Road

Sushi Chao $ Craving buffet? Or better yet, craving buffet that is only 39 cents an ounce? From the creators of Mochi and Bento Café, this is perfect for lunch in between classes. Location: 1620 W University Ave – right across from Library West – just in case you need a little motivation

Kay Bros BBQ $ You’ll soon learn that the semester will go by quicker than you imagined, and before you know it, the whole year is gone too. Kick back with some friends, slow down the pace, and enjoy Gainesville’s best slow-cooked barbeque. Location: 1620 W University Ave

Relish $ Get a simple burger, or be adventurous and take advantage of the unlimited toppings and sauces. Go crazy and add a fried egg, or if you dare, try the “Big Tasty Burger Challenge” to get your 15 minutes of fame.

Leonardo’s Pizza By the Slice $ You’ll hear teachers and students all over campus talk about Leonardo’s. Needless to say, they have legendary pizza. Also try the rolls! Location: 1245 W University Ave The Swamp Restaurant $$ Watch the swamp from The Swamp. Whether you’re looking for a good burger, salad, or sandwich, sit back and enjoy our Gator games; this is school spirit. Location: 1642 W University Ave

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Bento Café $ Quick, delicious Asian food. Whether it’s the rice bowl, noodle bowl, or famous bento box, this a personal favorite of many and sushi lovers will love Bento’s. Not too pricey either! Location: 3841 SW Archer Rd, 3832 W Newberry Rd

Dragonfly Sushi and Saki Company $$ If you don’t love sushi, you will once you come to Gainesville, and only Dragonfly does this college favorite best. But if you’ve already had sushi that week, you can still enjoy their upscale Asian dining. Location: 201 SE 2nd Ave Satchel’s Pizza $$ To put it simply, everybody loves Satchel’s. Extremely good pizza, and worth the wait. Ask to be seated in the van that started this Gainesville icon, and you’ll get a dining experience you literally can’t get anywhere else. Location: 1800 NE 23rd Ave The Top $$ There’s a hipster in all of us, but even if you’re still in denial, you won’t be able to deny that the food is simply great. From brunch to the late-night bar scene, they’ve got every option for you, covering seafood, burgers, vegan options, and everything in between. Location: 30 N Main St Stonewood Grill & Tavern $$ Pricey, but great meat – remember this one for when mom and dad come to visit Location: 3812 W Newberry Rd Sweet Mel’s $$ Craving a burger? Look no further. And if you’re feeling just crazy enough, order the onion ring volcano too. Location: 1 W University Ave

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Buckling down or kicking it back

Sushi-2-go $ Really cheap, really delicious, sushi. Can you really resist three rolls for 10 dollars? Remember, you’re a college student. Location: 1412 W University Ave

Domino’s $ Study, order online, study, run outside, grab the pizza, pay the delivery guy, and study some more. Locations: 2106 SW 13th Street, 3309 W University Ave Jimmy Johns $ Instead of arguing with your roommate about who can concoct the perfect sandwich, put your order into Jimmy John’s and they’ll bring you your food right to your dorm or apartment. Location: 1724 W University Ave, 2220 SW Archer Rd

Reggae Shack $$ Jamaican! Jamaican me crazy for their fries Location: 619 W University Ave 101 Downtown $$ Bored of the normal restaurant setting? Spice it up with some quesadillas, or go fancy with a filet or duck. Consider this college nightlight dining. Prepare yourself for a night of martinis, mojitos, beer, and wine. But beware, if it’s someone’s birthday – 101 Downtown knows how to celebrate. Location: 201 SE 2nd Ave Panera Bread $ Need a getaway from the distractions of the dorms? Grab your books and head to Panera for lunch – with great soups and sandwiches and free Wi-Fi, you have no reason to leave until you’re done with your work. Location: 3443 SW Archer Rd Crispers $ Panera too crowded? Swing down the street to Crispers for a change of pace and more space. Also equipped with free WiFi, you can escape campus distractions and bury yourself in the books, and get some delicious food. Location: 3102 SW 34th St Gyro Plus Grocery $ If you’ve grown up on middle-Eastern or Greek food, you understand how delicious some foods are that others look at you like you’re crazy for eating, no less loving. College doesn’t mean you have to give this up – head over to Gyro Plus for a warm gyro and baklava for dessert. And don’t forget to hit their wall of groceries on the way out so you can make your own Middle-Eastern food in your kitchen at school. Location: 1011 W University Ave The Gelato Company $ Salivating at the sound of gelato? Now, what if it was free? It is when you order their sandwich and drink combo. Get your slice of Italy for the afternoon, or an early morning if you’re still downtown Saturday night! Location: 11 SE 1st Ave Sushi-2-go $ Really cheap, but good, sushi. Can Midnight you really resist cookies $ three rolls for The perfect 10 dollars? midnight Remember, snack, or you’re a colafter-dinner lege stusnack for dent… those lucky Location: 1412 enough to get W University to bed before Ave midnight Location: 2022 SW Domino’s $ 34th St Study, order online, study, run outside, grab the pizza, pay the *Note: You can also use 2dollardelivery to order in from other places, delivery guy, and study some more. including Sarkara and Bentos

Image citations: student x-ing from clipartpal.com, food images from respective restaurants, and licence plate from UF Bookstore

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Do it Right: Chase with Dessert Karma Crème $ Delicious ice cream, and vegan! Sweet tooth lovers, once you go Karma, you’ll never go back Location: 1025 University Ave Sarkara Sweets Café $$ Create your own cupcake for just $3! Not only is it the cutest shop in town, but its bright furniture and board games will snap you out of school stress or a bad mood. And with free Wi-Fi, you can study with cupcakes – motivation doesn’t get much better than that. Raw, vegan, and gluton-free options too!Location: 201 SE 2nd Ave

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IHOP $ For those mornings of recovery from long nights of hardcore studying, a stack of pancakes is the perfect remedy. Location: 3613 SW 13th St

PICK ME UPS

Starbucks Coffee $ Best whipped cream. Period. Locations: Library West – open 24/7, the Hub, 3443 Archer Road, 1520 Northwest 16th Terrace

Dunkin Donuts $ Don’t like coffee? Their delicious blends will mask the taste and give you the motivation you need to get through that late night study session. Locations: 3411 SW Archer Rd(includes a drive through!), 1730 West University Avenue

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Peach Valley Café $$ Craving mom’s homemade cooking and the dining hall just isn’t doing it? This is your next best shot. Get home-style cooking without the long trek home Location: 3275 SW 34th St

Flying biscuit café $$ Can biscuits really fly? No, but you’ll feel like you’re flying when you try their heavenly food. Taste it, love it, and make it in your own kitchen with their online recipes and own cookbook. Location: 4150 NW 16 Blvd

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Rise and Shine

Steak N Shake $ Open 24 hours for your late nights or early mornings when you’re craving that 99-cent breakfast taco. Location: 1610 SW 13th St

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Sweet Dreams of Gainesville $ There’s nothing like home-made ice cream to make Gainesville new your new home. And it’s so irresistible, that it’s in all of the dining halls on campus. Location: 3437 West University Ave

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Starbucks

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The Top

Kay Brothers BBQ

Sweet Mel’s

Sushi Chao

Bento Café Domino’s

Sushi 2-go Chipotle

Karama Creme

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Gyrp Plus

Dragonfly Sakara Sweets

Stonewood Grill and Tavern

Leonardo’s

Sweet Dreams of Gainesville

Regga Shack

Jimmy John’s

Midnight Cookies

Steak N Shake

Domino’s

Pita Pit Chipotle Bento

Dunkin Donuts Starbucks Panera Peach Valley Café

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Click on the URL to access this map on Google Maps and get directions from where you are


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Read on a Rainy Day and Watch Movies at Night By Hannah Gamache Sophomore, English major

The collective bible of cinema is modern fiction. It certainly comes as no surprise that many successful movies are based on literature. As both a book and movie enthusiast, I am teeming with impatience and excitement for all the upcoming movies with roots in literature. Despite the traditionalist tragedy that the movies can never fulfill the expectations of readers with regard to attention to detail and sheer awesomeness of our favorite books, they have still spurred some pretty great films that are worth seeing. Below is a compilation of several books and their film and television counterparts that you will not want to miss out on.

ARTS: LIFE OUTSIDE OF HONORS

Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter Seth Graham-Smith’s story about the secret life of our sixteenth president is a quirky, humorous, and unique tale. If you’re looking for something action-packed, intensely different, and maybe a little odd, you most definitely need to check out Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter. History buffs will surely love it, and how can you go wrong with axe-wielding presidents that fight blood-sucking monsters?

The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy One of the most brilliantly comedic science fiction novels out there is Douglas Adams’ The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. The story follows the intergalactic adventures of human survivor Arthur Dent after the destruction of the Earth. The movie version came out seven years ago, but it is an absolute gem. If you haven’t seen or read The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, I am strongly inclined to ask what you are doing with your life. Although there are some significant differences between the book and movie, the film remains an all-time favorite.

Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close The 2011 film, based on Jonathan Safran Foer’s novel of the same name, is a moving story of a nine-year old boy, Oskar, who lost his father in the 9-11 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center. Oskar searches for an unknown lock that is opened by a key that used to belong to his father. The story is not an entirely depressing one, but thought-provoking, adventurous, symbolic, and highly emotional. Have tissues ready, but it is definitely a worthwhile watch.

Sherlock BBC’s television series Sherlock is a modernized version of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s classic detective fiction The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. The ongoing television series that began in 2010 is a crime series that is as thrilling and intriguing as its literary counterpart. The show is more intellectual than previous adaptations, and it is extremely fun to watch the quirky Benedict Cumberbatch play the famous detective in the present day. Read the classic works of fiction and then watch the show for a different take on these great crime stories.

Ender’s Game Orson Scott Card’s Ender’s Game is an award-winning science fiction novel, and one of the most carefully constructed and clever stories that I have had the good fortune of reading. The story centers on a young tactical prodigy, Ender Wiggins, who is sent to Battle School to train for a war against an alien race that threatens the future of Earth. The novel is exceptionally intelligent and explores significant themes of violence, fear, ethics, and empathy. I implore you to pick up this novel before watching the movie, slated for release in 2013.

The Hobbit Though I am now in danger of facing accusations of being a shameless Martin Freeman fan, I simply must recommend J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit—the prequel to The Lord of the Rings trilogy. Its film counterpart will be hitting theaters this December and it is sure to pack a punch with great visuals and a compelling story. The Hobbit is a classic adventure and fantasy novel that paints an intriguing and imaginative world that you must experience.

e ix and ttoho. fl t e N p u hit ok, efore yaotuwith a good bo b s d a e r t llen s gre hese exthceat popcorn goe t l l a n o p er forget o catch u Be suretht eaters, and nev

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Country You Haven’t Heard Of:

With almost 200 independent nations in the world, there are bound to be numerous countries that you are unfamiliar with. So why not broaden your horizons by learning about a new country and culture while picking up a unique way to impress your friends? Spewing out information about Tajikistan would definitely make you the life of the party. So, without further ado, step into the world of Tajikistan. Quick facts: •Tajikistan is central Asia’s poorest country. •It is populated by seven million people who share a language, culture, and history with Iran and Afghanistan. •The capital of Tajikistan is Dushanbe. •The chief languages spoken are Tajik, Uzbek, and Russian, and the major religion is Islam. Landscape: Tajikistan has a very mountainous landscape—in fact, 90 percent of the country is covered in mountains. The most prominent ranges include the Pamir and Alay mountains, while the north and south are filled with lush valleys. Political Situation: Immediately after Tajikistan’s independence from Soviet rule in September of 1991, a brutal fiveyear civil

Tajikistan

By Shruti Shah Sophomore, Management major, Spanish minor

war began in the nation. The civil war between the government aided by Russia and the Islamist-led opposition caused the death of as many as 50,000 people and led to one-tenth of the population fleeing the country. Although the civil war ended with the help of the United Nations in 1997, recovery continues to be difficult for the nation. Tajikistan is now a republic led by President Emomali Sharipovich Rakhmon. Rakhmon’s success in winning a third term in the 2006 elections has internationally been recognized as neither free nor fair; opposition parties have dubbed it a “Soviet-style staged attempt at democracy.” Rakhmon has not maintained considerable public support, especially because the elections from 2005 to 2010 did not meet international standards. However, as long as his People’s Democratic Party retains the vast majority of seats in parliament, Rakhmon will maintain power. Additionally, Rakhmon’s efforts greatly contributed to the end of Tajikistan’s civil war, a reality for which many Tajiks are thankful. Economic Situation: Due to limited job opportunities in Tajikistan, a large part of the population works abroad, especially in Russia, to support family members through remittances. The soil is poor and the main crop is cotton, which the government closely controls. Thus, the economy is dangerously reliant on remittances and the export of cotton and aluminum. The reported unemployment rate is 2.2 percent, but the actual employment rate is much higher and over half of Tajiks live below the poverty line. With a per capita GDP of only $2,000, the nation is attempting to institute reforms, but its corrupt government, debt burdens, and power shortages have hindered progress, leaving it dependent on Russia to help it deal with security problems and the poor economic situation.

television have become more widespread. After the end of Soviet subsidies around 1985, cutbacks have endangered the performing arts and broadcasting. The majority of Tajiks watch television but Russian channels are the most popular. Although there are 200 newspapers, none of them are dailies. Very few are privately owned and the rest are government-run or affiliated with political movements. Radio stations, both private and state-run, are the only broadcast medium that is available throughout the nation. Although Tajikistan’s constitution acknowledges the freedom of press, it is not respected. About 700,000 people use the Internet and competition is limited, so access charges remain high. Tajikistan is a culturally vibrant country that is slowly overcoming its economic and political problems. The poverty rate continues to fall, going from 73 percent in 2003 to 53 percent in 2009. The growth rate rose to 6.9 percent in 2011 after falling to 3.9 percent during the 2009 global economic recession. But regardless of its situation, its people have maintained their traditions, language, and customs, and will continue to do so.

Culture: Tajikistan boasts an ancient culture, and numerous traditions that have survived through the centuries. The traditional costumes worn by Tajiks on March 21, during Naurūz, Tajikistan’s New Year Celebration, have remained the same. During a festival that celebrates the gathering of corn crop, horse races and wrestling contests take place. Since 1940, the Tajik language has been written using a modified Cyrillic script, and folk literature is an important part of the culture. The 20th century has produced various notable Tajik poets and novelists including Adbalrauf Fitrat, who is known for Munazärä (The Dispute) and Qiyamät (Last Judgement) and Sadriddin Ayni, recognized for his novel Dokhunda (The Mountain Villager) and for his autobiography, Yoddoshtho. Additionally, al-poets Qāsim Lāhūtī and Mirzo Tursunzade reflect on changes wrought by the Soviet era through their works. Arts and Communication: The Tajik National Theatre was established in 1929 and has since presented opera, ballet, puppetry, and musical comedy, while regional theatres and troupes have also been established in various towns. Tajik films and documentaries have been created as well. Since the final years of Soviet Sources: rule, radio Article: 1. “Central Asia: Tajikistan.” CIA - The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency, and

20 June 2012. Web. 29 June 2012. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ti.html>. 2. “Tajikistan Profile.” BBC News. BBC, 15 Dec. 2011. Web. 29 June 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-16201032>. 3. “Background Note: Tajikistan.” U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, n.d. Web. 29 June 2012. <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5775.htm>. 4. “Tajikistan”. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 03 Jul. 2012 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/581047/Tajikistan/73608/Cultural-life>.

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Hello from Northern Ireland By Hema Kher Senior, Health Science Major “So, what exactly are you doing here for one month?” I tried to describe the purpose of my study abroad program to an aggravated Customs officer in Belfast, Northern Ireland. After 12 hours of flying, three airports and one missed flight, I had survived my first experience traveling alone. This was the last obstacle I would face that day. I attempted to explain that I was studying with the University of Florida rather than a university in Belfast, and that I did not have a student visa. The officer, not satisfied with my explanations, held me in the Customs area while she made a phone call to my professor to gather more details. After she had collected the information she needed, she begrudgingly stamped my passport and allowed me to proceed to the baggage claim. After this encounter, I was unsure how friendly the people of Northern Ireland would be. Fortunately, the locals turned out to be some of the friendliest, warmest people I have ever met. When they found out our group was from America, they would often say, “You are very welcome here!”

I spent four weeks in Northern Ireland with 11 other girls and two members of UF faculty, and together we explored the relationship between the arts and health. Each of us had varying levels of experience with art, healthcare or both. Because we only had one month, almost every day was full and eventful, making the trip very memorable. We started out by attending an international conference for arts in health. Along with several other girls in my program, I volunteered to perform in a dance piece with two mixed-abilities dance companies, one from Belfast and the other from Scotland. This was my first time working closely with dancers with disabilities, and we became friends as we taught each other steps and shared the thrill of performing for a full house. During the remaining three weeks, we visited hospitals, mental health facilities and adult day centers with local artists. It was amazing to see the joy that music, dance and visual art brought to patients’ lives. Art allowed them to ease their anxiety or discomfort, express their thoughts and emotions and create lasting bonds of friendship with one another.

I also witnessed the powerful role that art has played in telling the history of Northern Ireland. As our group toured the cities of Belfast and Derry, we saw several famous murals that depict a period of conflict known as “the Troubles.” This conflict was fairly recent, beginning in the late 1970s. During this time, the two groups involved were the Loyalists, who wanted Ireland to be under British rule, and the Republicans, who believed Ireland should exist as an independent nation. Violence and riots were common, resulting in the death of many innocent people. The conflict ended with a peace treaty in 1997, but I could see that divisions between the two groups still exist in many areas. Nearly everyone I met in Northern Ireland had been affected by the Troubles in some way, but most people seemed to be ready to move past the conflict and restore peace and stability to their country. In addition to a strong presence of art and a rich history, Northern Ireland has a stunning landscape. The weather was much colder and mistier than I was accustomed to in the summer, but we still spent a good amount of time outdoors. One of my favorite memories from my trip was trying to pet one of the many sheep grazing on the beautiful green hills. Unfortunately, no matter what we did to entice them, the sheep always ran away from us. We even made it to the beach, which was lined by huge cliffs. I hiked to an area of the coast called Giant’s Causeway, crossed a rope bridge between two cliffs and climbed up rocks to visit an old castle. Throughout my month in Northern Ireland, I was able to interact with people in different health care settings and work with them to create and enjoy art. I gained a deeper appreciation for the arts and learned to embrace my own creativity. Although my four weeks in Northern Ireland flew by, I know the memories I made will continue to inspire me.

Photographs contributed by Hema Kher

Don’t miss your opportunity to go abroad! Mark your calendar...

Spring 2013 study abroad - October 15, 2012 - Exceptions: - SKEMA Business School - business students - October 1, 2012 - Swedish Univrsity of Agricultural Sciences - October 8, 2012 - Universidad Pablo de Olavide - August 30, 2012 - Universidad de Politecnia de Madrid - September 15, 2012 Scholarship for Spring 2013 - September 28, 2012

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The UF Summer Requirement By Shruti Shah Sophomore, Management major, Spanish minor We all have to find a way to fulfill that dreaded summer requirement, so why not find a fun way do so? There are several options for those who prefer not to spend their summers on the UF campus. First of all, the UF summer requirement only applies to incoming students with fewer than 60 credits. The maximum number of IB/AP/AICE/CLEP credits awarded is 45, so AP and IB students do not automatically meet this requirement. Students must take nine credits over the summer at a State University System Institution before they graduate. Online classes will count as well, so you do not have to sit in a classroom. It is important to note that the summer credit requirement must be completed at one of Floridaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s public universities; private institutions and community colleges do not count.

If you are one of those students eager to leave the confines of Florida campuses, it is possible to satisfy this requirement through studying abroad during a summer session. A variety of study abroad programs and scholarships are offered during the summer semesters. The University of Florida International Center contains an extensive list of scholarships, and countless students will tell you that it is an immensely rewarding experience. Requirements often differ across colleges, so make sure to talk to your advisor for major-specific opportunities or requirements.

Above: Maria Viitaniemi, a second year Chemical Engineering major, dancing the tango on her study abroad trip in Buenos Aires, Argentina, studying Spanish. Top: Photograph contributed by Maria Viitaniemi; Right: Photographs from www.chicagonato.org/

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In recent months, NATO’s relationship with Russia has soured primarily in reaction to plans for the modernization of Europe’s missile defense system. The proposal calls for the construction of military bases equipped with ground-based defensive missiles in Poland, Romania and Bulgaria- close to Europe’s eastern frontier with Russia. This would be an upgrade from the current navalbased deterrent system in the Mediterranean Sea. NATO also plans to upgrade their nuclear weapons from aircraft deployed free fall bombs to land based missiles. NATO claims that this missile shield is designed to defend Europe against rogue states like Iran. Representatives from the State Department have insisted that the defense system was neither designed nor has the capability to limit Russia’s strategic defenses. But when Russian officials asked to be a part of the defense program, NATO leadership systematically rejected them. According to the Russian media, the Kremlin, their government, is infuriated – this is the treatment they receive after assisting NATO in Afghanistan? Tensions have built so high that Russia’s Chief of General Staff, Nicolai Makarov, stated at an international missile defense conference that Russia would use pre-emptive destructive force against NATO’s defense sites “if the situation worsens.” American analysts have done all they can to eschew the comment, going so far as to accuse Makarov of being drunk at the conference. However, Makarov’s point was made – NATO’s current plans are unacceptable to Russia. As James Ludes, an analyst at the Pell Center for International Relations, stated, “…that Makarov would make this kind of remark in a public forum is chilling.” Chilling is right. It is as if Cold War tensions have returned. By T.J. Anderson Sophomore, Economics Major

In Chicago this past May, protesters marched down State Street and Michigan Avenue to demonstrate in front of the 2012 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Summit. The evening news was filled with videos of police in full riot gear standing inches away from angry activists. But the real story lies not with those exercising their liberties with angry chanting and demonstrations. It lies with the leaders of NATO, charged with protecting those liberties by managing the nuances of modern diplomacy. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an alliance system committed to protecting the liberty and security of its 28 members. Created in 1949, NATO became a key player in Cold War negotiations, acting under the leadership of the United States as an international coalition against the spread of communism. The Soviet Union retaliated by creating a partnership of their own – the Warsaw Pact – made up of predominately Eastern European nations. Since the fall of the Soviet Union and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact in 1991, NATO has gradually expanded membership to many former Soviet republics (notably excluding Russia). They have even extended their efforts to include humanitarian causes and pledge a continued commitment to keeping peace But to many, including the protesters in Chicago, NATO has become an outdated relic of Cold War diplomacy. Their seeming inability to efficiently defeat the weakened regimes in Libya and Kosovo, along with the expensive and prolonged occupation of Afghanistan, all seem to point towards an impotent coalition. Why does this alliance matter?

BREAKING DOWN THE ISSUES Of the many topics examined in Chicago, the two that I believe are the most relevant to this discussion are the proposed upgrade to the missile shield in Europe and the timetable to end the war in Afghanistan. Within the context of these two topics, let’s discuss NATO’s relevance to the modern world, focusing upon Russia’s role in international politics. Contrary to popular belief, the end of the Cold War did not bring an end to the military tensions between Russia and NATO. As the Russian Federation rose from the ashes of the U.S.S.R., the nation remained the outcast stepchild of Western geopolitics. Even as many of the former Soviet Republics have joined NATO and attempted to begin a new era of Westernized politics, Russia has, by mutual agreement, remained a distinctly separate entity. Relations have been cordial in the past years as Russia has played a critical role in the war in Afghanistan, providing strategic supply routes and staging centers for the NATO lead International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), the compilation of armies responsible for removing terrorist leaders from the country. These supply lines have become very important because NATO has since struggled to maintain good rapport with Pakistan, the other major supply line into the land-locked Afghanistan. In reaction to a recent air strike that killed over twenty Pakistani civilians, supplies from Pakistan have recently slowed to a trickle.

ANOTHER COLD WAR? It is easy to criticize NATO for their overzealous defense systems and seeming belligerence towards of Russia. But Robert D. Kaplan, a specialist at global intelligence company Strategic Forcasting, Inc., suggests that we may not have departed from Cold War geopolitics. . It is important to realize, says Kaplan, that Europe’s military is “dead.” Even since the Cold War, NATO’s military was dominated by American forces and controlled by American officers. Not much has changed in that regard in fifty years. As military budgets in Europe are plummeting, European nations now account for a mere 20 percent of all of NATO’s military expenditures. The rest is spent by the United States. But just because Europe’s military power has fallen, their importance to the politics of the world economy cannot be overstated. In fact, in the midst of our current financial crisis, the future of the financial world hinges upon the decisions of European leaders. NATO, as strange as it may seem, is a political stabilizer. Beyond providing a security mechanism to the Euro zone countries and defending their interests abroad, NATO, Kaplan argues, provides a “seal of approval” for former communist countries in Eastern Europe. All of the former Soviet Republics from the Baltic States south to Bulgaria are struggling to attract foreign investment to kick-start their domestic economies. They should view NATO as an insurance policy for Western European stability. Meanwhile, Russia, in an attempt to maintain a row of friendly buffer states between themselves and western Europe, has and will

continue to try to undermine the sovereignty of Eastern European nations. Quite simply, NATO’s policies are attempts to combat this strategy. The other side of the NATO discussion lies with the United States. Why should American taxpayers spend billions for sake of Eastern Europe, for the sake of protecting the rest of the world against Russia? Well, not only does NATO serve as a mechanism for European security, it also serves as a vehicle for European military coherence. In addition to the missile defense initiatives, there are some countries in the Eurozone that are spending their military budgets on weapons for collective defense. The Dutch are disbanding their tank brigades and are instead investing in ballistic missile defense radars for their frigates, an upgrade that will benefit all members of NATO. They will soon depend upon larger countries in the region, such as Germany, for ground defense. Even though the U.S. contributes the lion share of NATO’s expenditures, it is a convenient institution to provide geopolitical stability and unity to the gradually homogenizing region. Such an organization will allow the U.S. military the freedom to focus upon more unstable regions such as the Middle East.

LOOKING FORWARD? Europe has many areas ripe for conflict. Unrest in the Balkan states, a new regime in Russia under the leadership of Vladimir Putin and fallout from the growing debt crisis could all pose serious threats to the unity and security of the European continent. Even though the war in Afghanistan is officially coming to a close, the final years of official occupation will require the genuine support of Russia. It is true that the original purpose behind NATO has been fulfilled as the threat of communism is over. However, in our dynamic world, NATO will be a very important institution for maintaining order. As I think about the protestors in Chicago who call for the dissolution of NATO, I implore that they look deeper into the realities of the modern world. Though the Cold War is over, the tensions between Russia and the western world have not subsided but simply changed and have new names. NATO certainly has its flaws, but, for the time being, it is good enough.

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From Native To Tourist By Sama Imran ILyas Sophomore, Biology major, Disabilities minor

I spent four weeks of my summer in my hometown, which is the capital of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh. It had been a year since I had moved to the United States as one of the very rare international students at UF, and after a year of convincing my entire floor I owned an infinite amount of camels, playing musical majors, being too homesick for words, but also bonding with some of the best people you’ll ever meet… I headed home after almost exactly a year flew by. Riyadh: the capital and heart of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A conservative city, it is very difficult to get a visa for the country unless you have family working there. Not an ideal tourist destination (in fact, almost impossible to actually be a tourist) and not a place I can say I studied abroad or interned. But a place of cultural immersion. My first reaction was… dust. I must have looked like a lunatic because shortly upon meeting family and friends I would point incredulously at no specific point in the sky and basically demand if the weather had gotten worse. It was only later I found out that it was just the same: turns out living a year abroad changes you more than you know.

WORLD So here are the things I have learned after seeing Arabia as a tourist, for perhaps the first time in the 13 years I lived there: 1. People will pay anything for Victoria’s Secret. One of the times I Skyped with my best friend and roommate, Agustina, I told her people would spend obscene amounts of money on something marked VS on it. She pointed out that I had more than likely been one of the impulsive shoppers, and I shamefully retracted my argument. Although, quite honestly, the Victoria’s Secret passport holder, no matter how overpriced, did prove quite useful during my international travel (where I spanned five cities over four flights).

alone. I wasn’t allowed to travel without an escort, and all I wanted to do was run free. Yes, our gas is cheaper than our water, but that doesn’t mean anything for me if women are never granted the privilege to drive (not that I even know how to drive… I’m working on it). 6. That being said, I love my home in Saudi Arabia more than I can possibly imagine. You can say anything about it, but I’ll always love my kingdom. Neither am I Arabian by blood, nor by passport, but by choice. Because home is home. Why do you think people stick with a country till the end? There’s such a thing called nationalism.

2. I might as well stop eating now because I’ll never have as great food as in the kingdom. International cuisine galore, this city has everything: the best Asian place in the world (honey ginger lamb chops, lamb 7. The further you are from your culture, the more tepenyaki, fine shrimp tempura sushi… just to set the you want to immerse yourself into it. I had the best scene), the fanciest Four Seasons Friday wearing shalwar kameez (Pakistani “People will time brunch, and you grow to appreciate even national dress) and attending dinners the most comfortable casual Turkish pay anything with the most divine cultural food. I diners, where they keep the hot bread honestly liked the feeling of wearing coming straight from the oven. And oh, for Victoria’s my abaya – a black cloak imposed on those Ferrero Rocher pastry desserts are women by law – one more time. What Secret.” to die for. to others feels restrictive and conservative, for me feels shielding and protective 3. America is something of equivalence to Narnia - a familiar comfort. It’s all about perspective. I mean, for locals. It’s pretty impressive. Speaking of locals, I how fun is it to be dressed in your pajamas for fancy realized I pretty much lived my whole life in Saudi dinners because no one can see what you’re wearing and never really met Saudis. With the exception of the anyways? That’s comfortable dining. Saudi princesses and princes who went to our school, our school consisted of expats from all around the 8. I live in a perpetual abyss. For the whole of my Middle East and world. freshmen year in college I wondered where I was truly from, and if I could ever really hold a rapport from a 4. Our cable is terrible. They are currently showing singular country. Now I’ll tell you a piece of insight season 4 of Gossip Girl (yes I rewatched it). Also, I which I wish someone had told me directly. “If there only realized my obsession with Netflix when it failed is one thing I’ve learned of life, it’s that having more to work overseas. than one place for which to be homesick is a beautiful thing.” Thank you Samantha Thilen for being too 5. Independence is not overrated. I only realized the wise for your own good. privilege of solitude when no one would leave me

During my stay, our crown prince passed away. It was quite a sad occasion and the city mourned for a few days, at the end of which a rising prince was crowned. This is how a prosperous kingdom continues. From afar – across the Atlantic Ocean – it may seem a conservative capital full of harsh tongues and malevolent agendas, but as you get closer, you see the Arab generosity and goodwill that lies within the people. There’s beauty in the most unexpected of places – and no matter where life takes me a part of my heart will always belong to the kingdom. Oh and just a final disclaimer: not once during my four week visit or in my thirteen years of living in Saudi Arabia did I ever once come across a camel.

Photograph contributed by Sama Imran Ilyas

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No whip required. You don’t have to be Indiana Jones to go on an adventure. Take it from senior Casey Cox and junior Kelly Jones, two fellow honors students and adventurers from the program Partners in the Parks. Love the outdoors? This is for you. Started in 2008, Partners in the Parks is a program sponsored by Southern Utah University and Cedar Breaks National Monument, partnering with the National Collegiate Honors Council. The goal is to bring honors students from universities all over the world into the beauty of the outdoors and its universal serenity. The various sites of nature are applied as a learning instrument with, but not limited to, historical, scientific, and cultural lessons directly related to the grounds and waters the students are immersed in. Cox and Jones took flight to the Virgin Islands this past summer and dunked themselves in the waters for a week of unparalleled snorkeling among the endless list of other experiences. Cox, who has been on two other Partners in the Parks programs – first, to the Denali National Park in Alaska, and the second to the Grand CanyonParashant National Monument – found this trip through the Honors Daily Opportunities List. Note to students: make sure you read these – you never know where you might end up afterwards. Enticed by the stories of Cox’s experience on the previous trips, Jones couldn’t resist either. “She said that the best part of Partners trips is that you are able to see more areas of the national parks than normal tourists are allowed to go, and that you meet a fun, diverse group of students from around the country,” Jones said. “I love the outdoors and I love meeting new people, so this program sounded like an amazing opportunity.” The program lasted a week and their group was made up of 14 university students – 13 girls, and one boy. They stayed at the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station (VIERS), managed mostly by volunteers from all over the United States. They provided every meal, “excellent home-cooked meals three times a day,” according to Cox, for the multiple groups staying there at a time. For housing, they stayed in a large cabin with a water supply derived from filtered rainwater, with a focus on water conservation. The group was up at 7 a.m. to energize them with breakfast for a full day of exploration, usually focused around hiking or snorkeling. “The atmosphere was very much marine biology summer camp for college kids – it was an excellent place to stay and collect field data for those who were taking a tropical ecology course,” said Cox. But they certainly weren’t exploring on their own. Guided by their local taxi driver Hamilton, they were in good hands. To get from one side of the island to the other, they went safari style in this

open-air “taxi.” The group snorkeled every day, and one night, went exploring in the Greater Lameshur Bay with underwater flashlights. “It was a surreal feeling to be under water in complete darkness, but it allowed us to see animals that are hidden during the daytime. We spotted shrimp, a large lobster, and a puffer fish. At one point, we turned off the lights and waved our hands under water to see the phosphorescence—it looked like underwater neon fireworks,” Jones said. When they weren’t exhausted from a day of hiking and snorkeling as part of the group experience, they had the option to go swimming, snorkeling, hiking, or kayaking on their own. But no trip would be complete with s’mores and guitars around a campfire at night. “Marine biology camp for college kids,” is how Cox describes the atmosphere of this trip. “It was an excellent place to stay and collect field data for those who were taking a tropical ecology course,” she said. But still, this was no ordinary marine biology camp. “The marine component of the trip was unlike anything I have ever seen. I alternated between feeling as though I were snorkeling in a postcard or a high-definition National Geographic documentary. Everywhere we snorkeled was unique and beautiful in a different way,” Cox continued. “Since it was my first ocean snorkeling experience as well, I was not fully prepared for the magnitude of the species we would see.” Out of the many ruins the group visited, one of the expeditions was to a former sugar plantation and slave quarters. “Many [ruins] were still in great condition, so it was easier to envision how things were done in the plantation era on the island,” Cox said. She explained that one of the impacts that the plantations had was clearing the island’s natural vegetation. Now, the majority of vegetation is exotic or invasive, while what is left of the native vegetation is endangered. “The remaining structures serve as a reminder of society’s progression in human rights and equality compared to that of the colonial era,” she continued. While the diversity of life under water was breathtaking, the diversity was matched above the waves in the group’s camaraderie. The trip was made up of students from Florida, Georgia, New York, Arkansas, Maryland, and Thailand. The trip was only one week, but that did not inhibit the sense of community and friendship that was quickly forged. “We all had such different personalities, but had a ton of fun and got along really well,” Jones said. Advice from our expert adventurers: Cox says, “Have an open mind! Try to be adventurous if presented with a unique opportunity.” And from Jones, simply, “Go! Pick somewhere you’ve never been, and just be enthusiastic about each activity that takes place and you’ll have an incredible week.” Photograph contributed by Casey Cox

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Postcard From a Camp Counselor This summer, instead of staying in Gainesville taking classes or interning at a news station, I am able to fulfill a lifelong dream of being a camp counselor for middle school girls. Every year at summer camp I thought my college counselors were fearless – leading hikes and camp songs, and cooking meals over an open fire. For ten weeks, I get to serve as a confident camp counselor for eleven and twelve year old girls. The job isn’t all kumbayas around the campfire, but so far it has surpassed my childhood dream. Having grown up going to camp in Florida and Southern Georgia, I used to always associate camp with lakes – I never pictured hills. The camp I am working at this summer is in Northern Georgia at the foothills of the Appalachians. Besides the dining hall and auditorium next to our cabins, every place on camp requires a mild or intense hike. But the hills create a canvas for spectacular sunrises and sunsets. I have seen plenty of picturesque sunsets into the Gulf of Mexico, but nothing compares to the sun creeping up in the morning behind a fuzzy haze over the rolling hills. The natural beauty of camp is rejuvenating; it awakens my senses. At night I can see every star, and during the day I smell more wild flowers than I ever have before. I spot all sorts of animals – rabbits, deer, and even snakes – throughout the day. Nature’s splendor is not only refreshing to other counselors in addition to myself, but also to our campers. Even middle schoolers are excited about a baby deer speckled white or a bird’s nest outside our cabin. While some campers are calmed by nature, for others, camp brings out their pent-up energy and they run wild with the animals. One eleven year old camper, Hayden, told her counselor that camp is the one place she gets to be herself. Camp is her natural habitat. On the first day she scaled five trees. She explained that she is in a rock-climbing club back home, but the trees at camp create a challenge incomparable to any indoor rock-climbing wall. One night, while we were camping out in tents, Hayden created a bow with a stick another camper gathered for firewood. She ran around the campsite claiming she was hunting dinner. Hayden got too close to nature when she was climbing a tree on the third night of camp. Her legs and arms turned red, she had a frightening case of poison ivy. Her counselor said her cabin had never been so silent – Hayden had to take Benadryl to calm the reaction. Nothing could keep Hayden or the other campers out of the woods – not rashes, blisters, itching, or even antihistamines . Only at camp can some girls explore creation foreign to their city or suburban backyards. Once campers are introduced to

the world of nature nothing can stop them. As a counselor, I may complain about hyper, energetic campers but they motivate me to be more enthusiastic. In fact, they have all been considerate and excited about camp traditions and new adventures. They remind me why I love my job. The camper that counselors fear, however, is the boy obsessed. Though I am at an all girls’ camp, there is a boys’ camp on the other side of the hill. The camps come together every session for a cookout, dance, and relay race known as the “mega relay.” The girls and boys write letters to each other during the days leading up to the dance, describing what they look like and what they will be wearing. For some girls, mail time is the highlight of the day: they await lunch with anticipation and sometimes cry if they do not get a response. Boy-obsessed campers will seize any opportunity to head to the other side of the mountain. On a mountain biking trip, Alyssa, who, after six summers at camp, is known for wandering to the boys’ side, took a detour to see if the boys were at the pool. Boy-obsessed campers are only interested in connecting with nature when the male species is involved. Sometimes, when I get a wireless signal up at camp or head into the neighboring town, I see photos from my friends studying abroad or tweets about their competitive internship. I feel disconnected from the real world and slightly jealous. But in the mornings when I run and catch the beautiful sunrise, or when a camper nearly chokes me with a hug, I know I am right where I belong. I am a part of nature in a way I may never be again. I do not have to worry about what I look like, where I am going next, or what I am doing. I get to teach archery and mountain biking, lead hikes, and sing silly camp songs out of key. I am fulfilling a dream and hopefully inspiring girls to dream.

By Ginny Hamrick Sophomore, Telecommunications major, History minor

Sincerely, Ginny Hamrick

WinShape Camp for Girls at Mt Berry Photograph contributed by Ginny Hamrick

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viated” name of the country they adore, often a red solo cup in hand.

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from head to toe? Guys – how many of you have a shirt that says “America.” Girls – American flag bikinis anyone?

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How many of you who boast American pride have researched the issues our country is struggling through to make informed decisions about your vote- or really, how many of you have even registered to vote yet? Support your country in more ways than wearing its colors and buying beer with its flag on the can. Don’t just follow your parents’ preference, or jump onto the “cool” campaign bandwagon. Read about the issues at hand, find out what is important to you, and vote for

your future.

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Gators for Romney

The United States needs to thrive again. More and more Americans have given up looking for work. The national debt is at an unprecedented level. Our health care system is broken, education continues to decline, and we face potential threats overseas. These pressing issues may seem overwhelming, but accepting defeat has never been the American way. The hard work and ingenuity that has so defined the American spirit still dwells within us, we just need to let it out. We can restore this country’s promise, but we first need to fix its economic policies. To do so, America needs a leader at the helm with decades of private-sector experience. America needs somebody who has spent his entire life turning around companies and organizations. America needs Mitt Romney.

Romney’s success in business cannot be overstated. When he joined Bain & Company, Romney quickly became the firm’s top consultant and rose to Vice President. Six years afterwards, Romney co-founded the private equity investment firm, Bain Capital. As CEO, Romney helped create tens of thousands of jobs for new and struggling companies. About 80% of his clients experienced growth, including Staples, Sports Authority, Dominos, Steel Dynamics, and Brookstone. In 1991, Romney returned to Bain & Company to save them from collapse. In two years time, he turned around a struggling firm into a prosperous one. Not only did he save the company, he increased their financial transparency and avoided layoffs. Romney soon returned to Bain Capital, where he continued to lead a company that revolutionized the industry. The Stamps Scholarship offered by UF’s Honors Program is funded by E. Roe Stamps. Stamps is the co-founder of Summit Partners, a competitor to Bain Capital. He holds Romney in the highest regards, saying that he admired the strong company he built. Romney’s continued as CEO until he left the company in 1999 to preside over the then ailing Olympic Games in Utah. The Olympics were in trouble and many feared the International Olympic Committee would move the games from Utah. First of all, the recent September 11th attacks posed a huge risk to the security of the ath-

By Gators for Romney’s Treasurer

letes. The Salt Lake Olympic Committee President and Vice President were forced to resign after a bribing scandal for the rights to the games. The event was experiencing a $379 million shortfall and major sponsors were pulling out. When Romney came on as the new president and CEO, he began making major changes. On his first day, the Olympic Committee wanted to have a meeting at a fancy restaurant in town. Seeking to create a different culture, Romney chose to have the meeting in the headquarters. Instead of catering, he ordered Domino’s Pizza, and made the officials pay for the lunch per slice. Right then, Romney sent a clear message about the direction he wanted to take these games. He then proceeded to examine the budget line by line and cut out millions in excessive waste and unneeded luxuries. He reached out to the corporations that abandoned the games and convinced them, along with new sponsors, to give money. Under his watch, the Olympics raised more money than ever before, and he left the game with a profit of $100 million. The games that seemed in such dire trouble turned out to be an amazing success, in part because of the strong leadership that Mitt Romney provided.

His experiences are certainly impressive, but his most assuring qualification is his character. The media likes to portray Governor Romney as a wooden, lifeless fellow when in fact his colleagues regard him as fun, friendly, and compassionate.

You won’t see the outdoorsman and the handyman and the prankster. You won’t see the man that refused or donated his salaries at Bain & Company, Olympics, and Massachusetts. Romney shut down his entire business for a month to search for an employee’s kidnapped girl in NYC. He values his family’s input just as much as his campaign’s. His successes in life have been due in large part to his ability to assemble competent teams. His approach that made him so successful in business lets those who know more on certain issues do what they do best. That’s the sign of a good leader, not running the show but maximizing your group’s potential. He can inspire. Returning to prosperous times won’t be easy, but we need to find a way or we will spend the rest of our years a shadow of our former self. The choice between President Obama and Governor Romney in the 2012 election couldn’t be clearer. With a poor economy, sub-par job growth, and mounting debt, students will have a choice to make. Do we want our government to continue down an unsustainable path of excessive spending and regulations, or do we want to elect a president committed to fiscal responsibility and more economic liberty? Gators for Romney chooses the latter, and that is why we promise each and every student at UF that we will work our hardest to ensure that Governor Mitt Romney wins on November 6th.

To get involved or contact Gators for Obama: visit http://www. facebook.com/gatorsforromney or www. Qgatorsforromney.com

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By Christina Ford

Sophomore, Political Science and Economics major Communications Director, Gators for Obama In the 2008 presidential election, voter turnout at the Reitz Union was at an all-time high of 87 percent of registered voters. There is no doubt that President Obama won the election in Florida in part due to the strong support of college students across the state. Now in 2012, Gators for Obama is actively working to ensure that students at the University of Florida understand how much President Obama has accomplished for our country since 2008 and the importance of re-electing the President to a second term. As college students, access to education is priority of ours. President Obama shares our view on the importance to educate as many Americans as possible by doubling the funding for Pell Grants, which has helped make college more affordable for an additional 3.7 million students. This was achieved in part by restructuring the college loan program to divert taxpayer money from banks to students working to finish their education. This year, President Obama also signed a bill that stopped student loan rates from doubling, saving about $1,000 in loan payments for almost 8 million students. These achievements make it clear that the President sees education as a necessity for all, not a luxury for some. We couldn’t agree more. But it’s not just support for education. President Obama’s Affordable Care Act has tremendous benefits to young Americas as well. Thanks to that bill, over 3 million young Americans can stay on their parents’ health insurance until age 26. Insurance companies can no longer deny those with pre-existing conditions or charge women more for their insurance just because of their gender. All of this progress will be gone under a Romney presidency, who has promised to repeal the Affordable Care Act on “day one” in office. President Obama’s accomplishments are vast, but here are a few more of our favorites: repealing “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”, turning the principle of equal pay for equal work for women into law by signing the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, restoring the U.S. manufacturing and auto industry, and achieving more than 28 straight months of private sector job growth.

There is no doubt that President Obama is moving this country forward. However, the next 4 years will determine whether or not this progress will continue. The next president will most likely nominate several Supreme Court justices, shaping the balance of the Court for the next 15-20 years. The next president will determine if America is a nation that fights for the middle class or one that gives tax breaks to the wealthiest Americans. The next president will decide whether education is a priority for all or something that is reserved for those who can afford it. This is why Gators for Obama needs your help. We need you to make phone calls, to knock on doors, to register new voters, but most importantly, to help share what President Obama has done for you and why he must be re-elected. We’ve already begun this process by actively reaching out to students through weekly phone banks, canvass events, and voter registration drives in the past year. Last spring we even had the chance to host an event on UF’s campus with David Axelrod, a former senior advisor to the President and the current chief campaign strategist to Obama’s re-election effort. Even if you cannot volunteer, we urge you to vote in November. In 2000, the presidential election was decided in the state of Florida by 537 votes – smaller than the size of the incoming honors freshman class. Every vote counts. Make sure yours does. To get involved or contact Gators for Obama: visit www.facebook.com/gatorsforobama or www.gatorsforobama.org

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O The heavy research and development costs taken on by pharmaceutical companies are central to the development of new drugs for the healthcare system. Large pharmaceutical companies must also show profit to meet shareholder expectations, which limits the risk they are able to take in product development. These companies have a higher tendency to invest in research that can be applied to a large market segment in order to maximize returns, which historically has left research for small markets underserved from the private sector. But new partnerships and incentives are changing the private sectorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s long term ability to pursue drugs that directly affect only a small proportion of the population.

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RPHAN DRUGS TODAY

By Andrew Kolarich, Sophomore, Microbiology and Cell Science majors Photography by Lexy Khella

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SCIENCE AND HEALTH

Orphan Drugs Today: The Fed, Market Incentives, and Venture Philanthropy Blockbuster drugs have the potential to capture large market segments for an extended period of time offering revenue streams with high rates of return, given that the pharmaceutical company still holds exclusive patent rights for market exclusivity. These patents protect pharmaceutical brand name products from generic competition for approximately twenty years in order to offset the expenses incurred by research and development. Take for instance Pfizer’s blockbuster statin Lipitor, which in 2011 had 8.7 million American users (most of whom will use the statin to lower cholesterol levels over a lifetime)1. When Pfizer’s patent on Lipitor expired in late 2011 allowing generic production of the drug, the company quickly offered incentives and discounts to keep current customers and insurance companies on board2. Despite Pfizer’s efforts, brand name Lipitor sales fell close to 71% in the first quarter after the first generic FDA-approved avarostatin was placed on the market3. A pharmaceutical company must look at both market size and product protection to protect their revenue streams in the long term. With many of their best selling drugs now threatened by generic competitors, large pharmaceutical companies have recently turned their attention to a new market segment: rare diseases. A rare disease, or orphan disease, is quantified by affecting fewer than 200,000 individuals in the United States or less than 5 per 10,000 in the European Union. It’s not surprising that pharmaceutical companies tend to shy away from segmented markets; but what is surprising is a recent trend back to pursuing niche markets by pharmaceutical giants. In 1983, the United States’ Orphan Drug Act identified and proposed incentives to pharmaceutical companies who might incur financial losses for developing drugs that targeted the niche markets characterized by rare diseases. These incentives included federal tax credits

that would cover up to 50 percent of research and development costs, a seven year monopoly guarantee on drug sales per use, and waiving of drug application and annual FDA product fees4. Additionally, the US Office of Orphan Product Development was created within the FDA to oversee additional federal grants and expedite regulatory processes for companies pursuing orphan drug development. Like all other drugs, orphan drugs must be proven both safe and effective by the FDA prior to release. In early 2005, Shire Pharmaceuticals saw its patent for an attention-deficit drug called Adderall XR expire and threaten almost half its revenue. The company made a bold move and bought Transkaryotic, a biopharmaceutical company with a mediocre debt ratio that produced high-price gene and protein therapy treatments for rare genetic diseases5. While at the time investors viewed the move as a risk out of the Shire’s area of expertise (at the time mainly attention deficit and small-molecule medications), the Transkaryotic products have since brought Shire approximately 3 billion in sales with a growth rate of 10 percent each year, making Shire the second-best stock performer of the 30 top drug companies5. Competitors like Sanofi and GlaxoSmith Kline now want a piece of the action, and have either set up their own wings dedicated to orphan drugs or acquired small niche-oriented biopharmaceutical companies. The orphan drug market is growing, but why recently? These large companies not only can take advantage of incentives towards orphan drug production in both the United States and Europe, but can also maintain high prices on their products while only dedicating a small amount of infrastructure expense for the niche market. With treatments often the only one of their kind, the companies can take advantage of their monopoly markets to diversify their revenue streams beyond large market drugs. This switch may usher in a new era in which new treatments for rare diseases are powered not just by government grants and incentives, but by economic incentives recognized

by large pharmaceutical companies. In early 2012 the FDA approved Vertex Pharmaceutical’s drug Kalydeco, the first of its kind in the treatment of cystic fibrosis6. Cystic fibrosis affects about 30,000 people in the United States, making it an orphan disease by definition. This genetic disorder is caused by mutations in the Cystic Fibrosis Transregulator (CFTR) gene found on chromosome 77. Though there are approximately 500 mutations of the CTFR gene that can cause the disorder, Kalydeco specifically targets the G551D mutation that affects approximately 4 percent of people with cystic fibrosis. Mutations in the CFTR gene lead to defects in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane protein, which regulates chloride ions and water transport in the cells. Kalydeco opens the transmembrane protein channels by increasing chloride ion movement through the protein, which helps thin the characteristically thick mucus of cystic fibrosis and improves pulmonary function8. Kalydeco, thus named a transmembrane potentiator, is not effective on the most common Delta F508 mutation so genetic testing must be done to specify if the patient’s mutation matches the protein targeted by the drug. The drug is significant because its development began at the molecular level of basic genetics, worked successfully up through an FDA-approved clinical trial, and entered the market as a drug that is matched to patients through reliable testing. Kalydeco also represents the strategic collaboration between Vertex Pharmaceutical and the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation amidst a pharmaceutical market characterized by high research and development costs9. The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, a non-profit, uses a venture philanthropy model which combines both venture financial principals and philanthropic goals through drug development ‘pipelines’9. The partnership between Vertex and the foundation began almost ten years ago resulting in approximately 75 million dollars in grants to Vertex, collaborative insight to its researchers, and even helped with recruitment of patients for clinical trials. The success of the approach may

serve as a model for the development of a drug that could address the Delta F508 mutation or as an approach for orphan drug development elsewhere. The venture philanthropy model uses the risk-oriented approach of venture capital without the constraints placed upon a regular company, which has resulted in huge grants to big pharmaceutical companies. While the complex mechanisms of disease did not get any simpler, a few of the financial barriers of development have. Through initiatives that involve collaboration between federal governments, big pharmaceuticals and non-profits, new incentives have developed for orphan drug development10. The collaboration between these groups has led to increased attention toward orphan diseases from the private sector. Beneficial not only to patients and families suffering from orphan diseases, economic incentives to find cost-effective treatments may increase access and long-term viability of orphan disease treatment to the healthcare system.

References 1.Carey, John. “Do Cholesterol Drugs Do Anything?” Businessweek.com. Bloomberg Businessweek, 17 Jan. 2008. Web. 25 June 2012. 2.Gann, Carrie. “Consumers Will Pay Half as Much for Generic Version of Lipitor.” ABC News. ABC News Network, 29 Nov. 2011. Web. 25 June 2012. 3.“Generic Lipitor Hurts Pfizer.” Zacks.com. Zack’s Equity Research, 1 May 2012. Web. 26 June 2012. 4.“Regulatory Information.” Orphan Drug Act. FDA.gov, 19 Oct. 2011. Web. 26 June 2012. 5.Bennett, Simeon. “Shire Finds Riches in Orphan Drugs.” Business Week.com. Bloomberg Business Week, 01 Dec. 2011. Web. 24 June 2012. 6.“FDA Approves Kalydeco to Treat Rare Form of Cystic Fibrosis.” FDA.gov. U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 31 Jan. 2012. Web. 26 June 2012. 7.“CTFR: The Gene Associated With Cystic Fibrosis.” Genomics.energy.gov. U.S. Department of Energy Biological and Environmental Research, 12 Sept. 2003. Web. 26 June 2012. 8.“FDA Approves KALYDECO (ivacaftor), the First Medicine to Treat the Underlying Cause of Cystic Fibrosis.” Vertex Pharmaceuticals, 31 Jan. 2012. Web. 25 June 2012. 9.“Cystic Fibrosis Foundation - Drug Development Pipeline.” Cystic Fibrosis Foundation. Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, n.d. Web. 26 June 2012. 10.“Drug Research: All Together Now.” The Economist. The Economist Newspaper, 21 Apr. 2012. Web. 26 June 2012.

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SCIENCE AND HEALTH Left: Jesse Gordon uses a Nitrogen gas filled double glovebox to conduct a chemistry experiment to prevent any contact with the air. Right: Frances Ooi tightens a stainless steel autoclave for a nanoparticle synthesis.

What Happens When...? By Christina Hunt Freshman, Journalism major

Students hit the books, the lab, and the abroad trips to continue their research over summer vacation. Muna Oli

Don’t mess with this rising sophomore, she boasts a black belt in karate! Muna Oli, a Psychology major, Bioinformatics minor, who was born in Scotland, is involved with the American Medi- cal Student Association (AMSA), Science for Life, and the Neuroscience Club. She hopes to become a doctor, focusing on trauma surgery or oncology—while performing research in the oncology field as well. This summer, Oli is continuing the cancer research she began working on with faculty mentor Dr. Brent Reynolds during her sophomore year of high school. Her latest pursuit is discovering the effect of gap junction communication in brain cancer cells aiming to answer the questions: “What happens if you change the gap junction communication? Does it make the cancer weaker and easier to treat? Does it make the cancer harder to treat?” Oli will continue to work on this project in the hopes of finding positive results and publishing them. When she’s not karate-chopping cancer cells in the research lab, Oli enjoys working out, photography, cooking and traveling.

Haitao Xu

Haitao Xu, a Chemistry major who is considering a double minor in History and Theater, is a rising sophomore currently researching the effects of fructose intake in humans. He spent the summer perfecting experimental equipment set-ups and methods, and practicing the techniques involved in growing animal cells needed for his experiments. Xu learned of this opportunity by talking to his chemistry professor, and is now working alongside Dr. Alexander Angerhofer of the Physical Chemistry Department, and Yuri Sautin of the Nephrology Department. Serving as the Sports Coordinator for the Chinese American Student Association (CASA), and as a Grace Ooi member of the Table Tennis Sports Club, allows him to While most second-year college students are at the beach organize and play the sports he loves, while forming a this summer, still trying to recover from freshman year, Grace Ooi, connection with the country he hails from. When Xu from Plantation, Florida, is spending that time at the University of is not working to reach his goal of attending medical New South Wales (UNSW). Under the watchful eyes of UF facschool and becoming a pulmonologist, he enjoys playulty mentors Dr. Michele Manuel and Dr. Jacob Jones, and UNSW ing video games on his home PC or on friends’ consoles. faculty mentor Professor Michael Ferry, Ooi, along with just four other select students, is researching the mechanical properties of Magnesium alloys doped with Zinc and Yttrium after an applied stress. The long-term goal is to use Magnesium, rather than Aluminum, to construct motor vehicles; which, according to Ooi, “would Frances Ooi give a car a 10 percent weight decrease, which would increase fuel efficiency by about 6-7 No, it’s not a typo—Frances Ooi is Grace’s twin and they are pursupercent.” In the hopes of someday working in ing the same major! While her twin is away, Frances is serving as the underthe field of energy technology, Ooi is in purgraduate coordinator for the Undergraduate Research Seminar sponsored suit of a combined Bachelor’s/Master’s degree by the Center of Nanostructured Electronic Materials at the University of in Materials Science and Engineering. In her Florida. Most important to Ooi is pursuing her own ideas: “I like to figure spare time, Ooi is involved with Engineering out what problems need to be solved and how to approach those problems Ambassadors, enjoys outdoor activities, and rather than someone telling me what to do. This is analogous to singers loves to play word games such as Bananagrams. who cover other artist’s songs – they never sing with the same emotion as the original song writer.” When Ooi’s faculty mentor, Dr. Wei David Wei, offered her a position in his lab she jumped at the opportunity to research Jesse Gordon her own interests rather than those of a graduate student. This summer, she Alachua County native, Jesse Gordon is is conducting preliminary synthesis experiments to find the ideal nanopartispending his summer in the lab, focusing on orcles for her future experiments involving the synthesizing of different hybrid ganometallic chemistry—which is the study of metal nanoparticles for biomedical applications. She believes that “in the fuchemical compounds containing bonds between ture, the use of nanoparticles will be widespread in every field.” When she’s carbon and metal. Gordon, a rising sophomore not “being a lab rat” in her effort to someday become a professor or start and member of Chem Club, is a Chemistry and her own company, you can find Ooi reading, playing guitar, or working out. Economics major, and is also pursuing a minor in Physics. The goal of his research is “to construct organometallic structures with multimetallic sites that are designed to mimic the active sites of enzymes encumbered to prevent any uncontrolled reactivity,” with the intent of testing its potential for catalysis. He found out about the opportunity by approaching Dr. Adam Viege at a seminar; where he was then referred to Dr. Leslie Murray, his current faculty research mentor. When asked to divulge a little-known fact about himself, Gordon admitted that when he was younger he hated his middle name and decided to change it to Sqwage (rhymes with lodge). In the future, he hopes to become a professor, teaching and researching at the University level. In his down time, Gordon enjoys playing tennis, guitar, and piano, listening to music, and hanging out with friends.

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SCIENCE AND HEALTH

TO INFINITY AND BEYOND the Science Fair treating and protecting the patient, I explored the interactions of a few basic biochemical markers and standard radiation therapy with an unconventional

Photograph contributed by Shannon Stockton

The Synergistic Effects of an NSAID and Radiation of Sp1 and Survivin in Head and Neck Cancer Shannon Stockton Sophomore, Applied Physiology and Kinesiology Receiving a head and neck cancer diagnosis is comparable to having a coin toss determine your chances of survival; as the seventh leading cause of cancer death worldwide, the various head and neck cancers present around a 50 percent five year survival rate . Even if one is lucky enough to survive, radiation therapy itself induces side effects that are likely to negatively impact post-treatment quality of life. Physically, damage to the salivary glands is the most common side effect of radiation, and presently there is no treatment that reverses this damage . This damage often also induces xerostomia, or salivary gland dysfunction causing dry mouth. Most side effects associated with head and neck cancer stem from xerostomia. Many patients experience dysgeusia, or a loss of the ability to taste; dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing; increased tooth

decay; and difficulty speaking . On a biological level, radiation causes damage to cellular DNA, often breaking one or both strands of the double helix and eventually leading to cell death. Most importantly, since standard radiation does not specifically target cancer cells, radiation-induced apoptosis can occur in both healthy cells and cancer cells. Given the poor survival prognosis and harsh side effects of treatment, I was inspired to get involved in a head and neck cancer research project which evolved over the course of three years throughout my high school experience. The science behind cancer bewildered me and fascinated me, and I sought to understand how it might be possible to treat squamous cell carcinoma of the oral tongue while also preserving quality of life and chances of survival after treatment. To theoretically accomplish this delicate balance of

cancer drug recently tested in pancreatic and esophageal cancer: a Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID). To solve the issues associated with radiation therapy, such as harmful side effects and damage to healthy tissue, I looked into the expression of the protein survivin, an apoptosis inhibitor which is present in all cell types and overexpressed in response to stress. As a protective mechanism, both normal and cancer cells produce survivin, making them radio-resistant. In order to continue killing cancer cells with radiation, it is necessary to increase dosage to overcome the resistance. However, increasing the radiation dosage would also overcome the normal cell radio-protection, killing both cancerous and healthy cells and inducing greater side effects in the patient. As an alternative, targeting survivin and down-regulating its expression could enable doctors to treat patients with lower radiation dosages. In fact, “Several preclinical studies have demonstrated that down-regulation of survivin expression or function, accomplished by means of various strategies, reduced tumor growth potential, increased the apoptotic rate and sensitized tumor cells to chemotherapeutic drugs and radiation in different human tumor models” . From the biochemical perspective, survivin is regulated by the Sp1 transcription factor, as this protein is capable of activating the survivin promoter. In addition to being transcription factors for survivin, Sp proteins, are directly responsible for tumor growth and progression in cancer. Overall, Sp proteins control constitutive and basal

expression of genes, which are part of normal and cancerous tissue functions. Sp1 was the first transcription factor to be identified; this protein is DNA-

my study, which considered the effects of the NSAID on Sp1 protein in head and neck cancer, suggested that a similar effect may be observed in head and neck cancer. Due to the relationship between the NSAID, Sp1, and survivin, a combined modalbinding and sequence-specific, and it ity of NSAID administration and radiaactivates a variety of viral and mammation therapy could offer a viable alternalian genes . The over-expression of Sp tive for head and neck cancer patients. proteins can lead to high cell proliferaSince Sp1 protein is mainly prominent tion and metastasis, worsening prognosis in cancer cells, NSAIDs could potentialand decreasing the chance of survival. ly be used to down-regulate cancer cell Since Sp1 is a transcription survivin levels while leaving the normal factor for survivin, theoretically, downcell survivin levels intact. Overall, comregulating Sp1 could also down-regulate bining NSAID treatment with standard survivin. In current studies, Non-Steroi- radiation therapy could improve patient dal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs, abbrevisurvival rates by decreasing side effects ated NSAIDs, are gaining credibility and killing more cancer cells at a lower, as Sp protein inhibitors. NSAIDs are safer radiation dosage. With further drugs that work due to the inhibition research, this mild headache drug might of prostaglandins, a family of chemibe recruited to the front lines of cancer cals produced by the body cells which treatment. promote fever, pain, and inflammation; 1. “Head and Neck Cancer: Questions and Answers.” National Cancer Institute – Comprehensive Cancer Information. Naprotect the lining of the stomach from Cancer Institute. 05 Jan. 2009 <http://www.cancer.gov/ acid damage; and support platelet blood tional cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/head-and-neck>. clot formation. NSAIDs are widely 2. Urek, Miranda M., Marina Bralic, Jelena Tomac, Josipa Borcic, Ivone Uhac, Irena Glazar, Robert Antonic, and Silvio available for the treatment of common “Early and Late Effects of X-Irradiation on Submanconditions such as fever, moderate pain, Ferreri. dibular Gland: A Morphological Study in Mice.” Archives of inflammation, headaches, sports injuMedical Research 36 (2005): 339-43. Print. 3. Burk, Lawrence B., Anand T. Shivnani, and William Small, ries, menstrual cramps, and arthritis, Jr. “Pathophysiology and Management of Radiation-induced and side effects of Non-Steroidal AntiSupportive Oncology 3.3 (2005): 191-200. Print. Inflammatory Drugs are typically minor, Xerostomia.” 4. Pennati, Marzia, Marco Folini, and Nadia Zaffaroni. “Targettemporary conditions, such as nausea, ing survivin in cancer therapy: fufilled promises and open questions.” Carcinogenesis 28.6 (2007): 1133-139. Oxford vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, dizziJournals. Web. 31 Jan. 2010. <http://carcin.oxfordjournals.org/ ness, and drowsiness. These minor side cgi/content/full/28/6/1133>. effects, along with low cost and wide 5. Abdelrahim, Maen, Cheryl H. Baker, James L. Abbruzzese, David Sheikh-Hamad, Shengxi Liu, Sung Dae Cho, Kyungsil availability, make NSAIDs potentially Yoon, and Stephen Safe. ““Regulation of Vascular Endothelial excellent chemotherapy drugs. In parFactor Receptor-1 Expression by Specificity Proteins ticular, the NSAID I used, which is com- Growth 1, 3, and 4 in Pancreatic Cancer Cells.” Cancer Research 67 monly administered to treat migraines, (2007): 3286-294. American Association for Cancer Research has received attention for its anti-cancer Journals. American Association for Cancer Research. 10 Dec. <www.aacrjournals.org>. effects in pancreatic cancer. By inhibiting 2009 6. Abdelrahim, Maen, Cheryl H. Baker, James L. Abbruzzese, and down-regulating Specificacity proand Stephen Safe. “Tolfenamic Acid and Pancreatic Cancer Growth, Angiogenesis, teins, which are responsible for tumor and Sp Protein Degradation.” Journal of the National Cancer growth and progression, the NSAID Institute 98 (2006): 855-68. National Cancer Institute. 8 Jan. inhibited the progression of pancreatic 2009 <www.cancer.gov>. cancer. The results of the first year of

Left: Shannon after being recognized for her research by the American Dental Association at the 2011 Intel International Science and Engineering Fair

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Undergraduate Research Our Bare Opportunities

SCIENCE AND HEALTH

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By Hyun Kim Freshman, Mathematics major

Photograph contributed by Grace Ooi

UF’s powerful research opportunities attract some of the best science students from around Florida. Getting involved in research can be extremely important if you feel your career will involve research, giving you experience that the classroom can’t provide. Like many things at large universities, demand for research positions is high while availability is sometimes low. It’s important to remain flexible initially and find a lab that fits your interests, expectations and goals. To find a mentor, you can ask professors, advisors, or upperclassmen about lab openings. You should also check out the Undergraduate Research Database through the Honors Program website, which will get you in contact with investigators interested in undergraduate team members.

Once you have successfully made your way into the lab, make sure you are able to spend the time and mental resources to begin thinking critically about the project. Being lost is part of the experience, and it’s important to understand that not knowing what is going on is opportunity to learn. Research is a learning experience, and you can receive academic credit through the Honors Program or your academic department.

If you are already involved in research and want to bring your experience to the next level, check out the following experience and publishing opportunities for undergraduates on the Honors Program Website: 1. UF-HHMI Science for Life Program 2. University Scholars Program 1. When approaching an investigator by email, be aware that 3. National Science Foundation REU Program time and space is often limited. It can often take a number of 4. Journal of Undergraduate Research tries to find an investigator or group that is interested. 5. University of Florida International Review 2. Learn as much as possible about the investigator’s research For additional tips, opportunities, and undergraduby searching science journals. Not only does this improve ate stories check out the Honors Program’s thorough webpage your ability to think critically during an interview, but can help you see what science beyond the biology textbook is like. dedicated to undergraduate research by visiting: www.honors. ufl.edu/Research.aspx.

Even though I am a guy, I love flowers. My dad has been raising orchids all of his life, and I was fortunate enough to grow up surrounded by beautiful orchids. I have always been captivated by their aesthetic appeal, and as I watch a bee slowly grazing upon a petal, I wonder, what is it about the flowers that attract not only humans, but insects and animals as well? My curiosity in botanical beauty somehow led me to volunteer with Eco-Action, an environmental non-profit organization that cleans lakes and rivers around Central Florida. I needed volunteer hours, so why not do something I was somewhat interested in? When I began, I wasn’t one of those “save the world!” activists trying to fight pollution. Honestly, I just wanted to write something on my résumé for colleges and employers. My first cleanup was Lake Lucerne in Downtown Orlando. I expected the lake to be filled with used tires, beer bottles, and plastic bags; however, when I arrived, the lake seemed to be pristine. The landscaping made the lake look fresh, and the fountain in the center had me dumbfounded. I stood there motionless, thinking, “What is there to clean?” Just as books should never be judged by its cover, lakes should never be judged by their landscaping. As I explored the lake and took a closer look, I answered my own question. Hundreds of plastic items, McDonald’s wrappers, and beer bottles were scattered around the edges of the lake, camouflaged in the murky waters. I learned from my group leader that animals are often entangled in the garbage or they mistakenly consume these items, which fill their stomachs, resulting in slow, painful deaths. Our goal was to reduce the chances of this happening. If a keystone species was to become a victim of human pollution the whole ecosystem could crumble. For two years, I volunteered and learned more. I became committed to the ideal of preserving our aquatic ecosystems and saving the world from pollution. The line on my resume became just a perk now. In environmentalist media today, rainforest conservation is

he yK ex hb yL ra p tog

Necessity

Ph o

By Andrew Kolarich, Sophomore, Microbiology and Cell Science majors

lla

Student Narratives

the main focus: “Save the trees!” There are many environmentalists, like Garth Lenz on TED who passionately advocates against the mining below the Canadian forests. I agree with the importance of saving our terrestrial environments, but, I would also like to direct your attention to the importance of saving our oceanic eco-systems, which I believe is underemphasized. Contrary to what most people believe, phytoplankton, the abundant grass of the sea, not terrestrial plants, provide us with most of our oxygen, almost 90 percent! I will never forget my Oceanography professor, Dr. Benedict, proclaiming in class, “Burn all the trees in the world! We’ll be fine!” Furthermore, the coral reefs, not the rain forests, are the most abundant and diverse ecosystems found on Earth. The possibilities of finding new organisms, biological researches, and pharmaceutical discoveries are valuable assets to have for our future. Of course, most importantly, we need water to drink. Readily available freshwater makes up less than one percent of the total water on Earth. We must make it a priority to conserve our relatively low water supply. So, how should we go about preserving our precious H2O? From my experience participating in numerous clean-ups, I say we grow out of our plastic-dependency. For starters, we, the future generation, must encourage the use of paper bags in grocery stores instead of plastic ones – or better yet, bring a reusable bag! San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee in 2011 imposed a ban on plastic bags in grocery stores, and I believe it is time we follow San Francisco’s model. Additionally, I want to promote the usage of bottles and containers that we can eat, or edible containers. Work is under way by Harvard’s Wyss Institute of Biological Engineering, and I would love to see University of Florida’s Engineering Department to pursue this goal as well. My hope is that our future generations will be able to see the natural beauties that I see today. Because, according to a Native American Proverb, “We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors; we borrow it from our children.”


SCIENCE AND HEALTH

SCIENCE AND HEALTH

“Hey.”

We’ve just found our seats at my sister’s graduation, and this is the closest word to ‘help’ that TEXT my dad is willing to offer. As he presses his weight into his cane on one side, I hook my hand under his free arm, easing him down into his chair. Once he’s settled, he smiles briefly—his way of saying “thank you,” and turns away. In a basic sense, we’re the typical family; we’re fumbling with our digital cameras, practicing our flashes and zooms on the red, white, and blue decked stage, and trying to remember my sister’s assigned seat. My mom is on the verge of tears even though the ceremony hasn’t started. Of course, there are differences. We’re parked next to the auditorium entrance, our space lined in blue with a handicap tag hanging off the rearview mirror. Unlike the crowds hurrying up two flights of stairs to high bleacher seats, we have five folding chairs on the floor a guard set for us amidst wheel chairs and walkers. My dad has Multiple Sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis, or MS, is an autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system. In the United States, only 400,000 people have been diagnosed. People with MS can experience a variety of symptoms that include numbness, fatigue, balance problems, blindness, vertigo, and chronic pain. My dad’s MS has affected his mobility. His legs and back are stiff, especially in the morning or if he has been sitting long periods of time. Even when I was younger, when I didn’t know about my dad’s MS, our family life was adjusted to accommodate his disorder. He couldn’t ride bikes, throw me around in the swimming pool, or other normal fatherdaughter rites of passage. We didn’t travel to amusement parks or take long car rides, and I haven’t been on a cruise or family plane trip. When my dad’s movements slowed, my mom took charge of the more physically demanding housework. He was tired after long days of work, and my sisters and I did what we could to make his evenings easier.

Family Defined

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As prominent as my dad’s disabilities have been in my life, from the outside, no one can see the difference. My dad, a local pediatrician, is the doctor of many of my classmates. He’s the goofy guy who makes bad jokes and wears cartoon ties. He doesn’t even take his cane to work. And that’s the way I prefer to see him. Not as someone who’s sick, not with derogatory terms like, “cripple,” or, “handicapped,” but as my loving, dorky dad, too stubborn to let anything get in his way. Even when we’re separated from the crowd, sitting on the ground level of an auditorium full of my peers, he’s elbowing me in the side, making faces and squinting as I snap candid photos. I know that his MS is only a small detail in our lives, and we will never let it define our family. That’s why when the graduates arrive, anxious not to misstep and ruin their synchronized entrance, I reach over to my dad, helping him up from his seat so we can snap a photo of my sister’s arrival.

Photograph contributed by Leslie Gaynor

I know that his MS is only a small detail in our lives, and

we will never let it define our family.


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The Curious Case of Integrated Hardware By Jonathan Burnett Sophomore, Computer Science major

“People who are really serious about software should make their own hardware,” goes the famous quote from pioneering computer scientist Alan Kay. It’s an old line of thinking, yet it’s the single most important trend in technology today. As recently as last year, however, this wasn’t the case. Why? Apple has been making hardware to go along with their software all along—even before it was recognized as a valid strategy—and today they’re the most valuable company in the world. Everyone is trying to understand Apple’s success and replicate it. Can other companies improve themselves by adopting Apple-like integration, or are they doomed to fail trying to out-Apple Apple?

The Evidence

This past June, Microsoft announced their own tablet hardware with the Surface, sporting a unique hardware design and a cover flap that does double-duty as a keyboard. Meanwhile, Google announced their own triad of devices at their annual Google I/O developer conference: the Nexus 7, a seven-inch, $200 tablet; the Nexus Q, a spherical media player that boasts a built-in amplifier to power speakers; and Google Glass, augmented reality glasses that can stream everything you see and offer deep Google integration. Some background on Apple’s success in the past few years: although there are more Android phones and Windows PCs sold than iPhones, iPads, and Macs, Apple makes a much larger profit per device than their competitors. This financial lead has put them years ahead of Microsoft and Google, but this lead is surmountable if their efforts at integration succeed.

The Motives

Microsoft’s decisions of late are fascinating from a business perspective. They’ve always been a software company, but the Surface reveals they intend to make their own hardware. They seem to want a slice of the Apple pie, but their existing business model depends on third party hardware manufacturers, aka original equipment manufacturers or OEMs, like Dell, Acer, and HP to distribute their Windows and Office software. How can Microsoft reconcile the conflicting motives of their hardware and software operations? The OEMs are surely upset that Microsoft is encroaching on their territory; if Microsoft is making this dangerous move, they must have a plan, so what is it? Microsoft’s play could be that they want to show the OEMs how it’s done, leading by example with bold new hardware. Maybe Microsoft’s hardware team just got fed up with the poor showing from other Windows tablets and made their own, hoping it’s good enough to turn the entire ecosystem’s fortunes around. Of course, if this was the case, then what happened to the brilliant Microsoft Courier—the clever tablet from Microsoft’s research labs that was unceremoniously killed several years ago despite being a credible iPad competitor? We’re assuming Microsoft has a plan. Right? A

These graphs, courtesy of asymco.com, tell the story of Apple’s financial success. We can draw the conclusion that Apple’s integrated approach made them more successful than Google and Microsoft.

decade of poorly received Windows tablets is no cause for concern… right? Windows 8 on the Surface may well be the slickest experience Microsoft has ever delivered, but with no announcement about the battery life, pricing, or release date, it’s too soon to say they nailed it. We see the same effect with Google, who has a history of building their own hardware with the G1 and Nexus phones, but their three big announcements at their annual Google I/O developer conference were unusually all hardware related. Typically the new Android software is the big deal, but their recent keynote belongs to a completely different

company than the Google of years past: still trying to put eyeballs on ads, as shown by their development of new search features like Google Now, which anticipates what you’re looking for before you even enter a search, but instead they seem to be doing it by controlling the whole product in Appleesque fashion. This is reflected in the increased production values of their keynote and their products themselves. The high-octane Google Glass demo had nerds on the edge of their seats, and the Nexus Q is built in the USA, sticking it to Apple’s “Designed in California, made in China” approach. On the other hand, while the Nexus 7 may be beautiful and cheap, the fact


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TECHNOLOGY

TECHNOLOGY

WHAT’S IN YOUR PHONE:

5 Apps You Need Before School Starts By Lexy Khella Sophomore, English and Political Science Majors

UF Map Worried about being the standout freshman stopping in the middle of the street to BY: BRI1 pull out your big campus map? Now you don’t have to. Just pull up this app, click on FREE the name of the building you’re looking for, and it’ll locate it for you in seconds!

In this graph, taken from asymco.com, you can see that Apple’s explosive growth in mobile phones, fueled by their tightly integrated hardware and software, has pushed Android and Windows Mobile OEMs out of the realm of profitability.

that it’s built by Asus rather than Motorola, now owned by Google, is surprising. Not only did Google upset its entire business model by buying one of its OEMs, but then they went on to release a Google-branded Nexus tablet with another OEM. What’s the plan, Google? The Nexus 7 may be less than half the price of an iPad, but is this tablet going to change your fortune? How do the Nexus devices and, indeed, the entire Android ecosystem support your core business—selling ads? The answer is that maybe they don’t. OEMs who use Android end up having to pay an estimated $15 per device to Microsoft in patent-licensing fees—how much is Google making per Android device? Not as much as Microsoft is. If Google wanted to remain a search company, Android was a bad bet five years ago: Google is now realizing that it has to make hardware that’s well integrated with Android just to keep up with Apple. Even if the Nexus 7 sells twice as many units as the iPad, will Google’s profits increase accordingly? The answer is likely no. Apple’s devices actually provide more search queries, and thus ad revenue, to Google than Android. Maybe competing against Apple wasn’t such a good idea.

The Verdict

Google and Microsoft can’t simply become Apple overnight, nor should they. Google and Microsoft have both admitted to themselves that they’re not on top—the first step to solving any problem—and are now carefully beginning to make the strategy adjustments that will help them adapt. Apple looked dominant after the huge announcements at their recent Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC)—these products mark the beginning of the retaliation from Redford and Mountain View. Regardless of their motive, Microsoft’s play to build better hardware can only increase their chances of success. OEMs cannot afford to give up on Windows— the market is simply too valuable. Microsoft has to gain

enough momentum from Windows 8 to make the entire Windows ecosystem takes off, and Microsoft’s own hardware could be the key to making that happen. Windows 8 and Windows Phone software are certainly good enough to compete with Mac OS and iOS, it’s just the hardware integration that’s been lacking. A little bit of Apple’s integrated strategy will go a long way for them. Awesome Microsoft hardware will sell more Microsoft software. On the other hand, Google’s motivation to build hardware is questionable—determining that motive is key to gauging their chances of success. The only way they can recoup the resources they’ve already spent on Android, buying Motorola and defending patent litigation, is to increase the value of their already massive ecosystem. They have to compete directly with Apple’s ecosystem and out-Apple them, creating their own ecosystem in which Google provides all the services for—and keeps all the ad revenue from—some very successful Google hardware. That’s the only way Google can afford to keep giving away their software. If Google’s motivation is anything less that reinventing themselves as an integrated hardware and software company, they’re wasting their time. They can’t keep creating new places to put ads, like Google Glasses, forever. It’s time for Google to emulate Apple’s success: make products so great that people can’t live without them, rather than making products so great that people don’t mind the ads. What does this trend mean for you, the consumer? It’s a vindication of Apple’s decades of relatively unsuccessful hardware and software integration. Apple has had a vision of user-friendly computing all along that they’re only now able to deliver. The others are catching on—either Apple predicted this trend correctly, or the others are lost and giving Apple’s strategy a try. No one wants to live in a world where Apple is the only innovative technology company, but for the past five years, that’s the world we’ve been plummeting toward. Here’s hoping the next five see the big three explode with progress due to some healthy competition at last.

Worried about missing the bus or waiting 20 minutes at the stop not knowing when the bus will finally come? This app tracks all of the Gainesville city buses that run through and outside of campus so you’ll know when the bus will come, where it will stop, and if it’s even running that day.

TransLoc Transit Visual BY: TRANSLOC FREE

University of Florida SNAP Waiting on the phone to request a SNAP ride can be exhaustBY: RIDECELL ing. Make it easier – download the app and electronically send FREE in your request for a SNAP ride. Send in your SNAP request

and then play your friends back in Scramble with Friends while you wait for your ride.

GatorCountry.com Swamp Gas Forums Brought to you by GatorCountry.com, “The insider authority on Gator sports,” keep up with the BY: FORUM RUNNER latest Gator news. Get the inside scoop and join FREE the forum communities that can’t stop talking about the gators! Go gators!

Campus Special You’re going to be handed enough coupon books in Turlington BY: CAMPUS SPECIAL to fill up your backpack. Instead of letting them collect dust in FREE your drawer at home, this app has all of the coupons that you’ll

need to save some cash in Gainesville.

*Note: These apps were selected from the Google Play Store

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TECHNOLOGY

Dorm Room to Domination: The Facebook Story January 2004: Facebook is born June 2004: Facebook is incorporated June 2004: Sean Parker becomes President December 2004: 1,000,000 users September 2005: High school networks are added October 2005: International school networks are added October 2005: Photo sharing is added September 2006: Facebook is open to everyone over 13 years old with a valid e-mail address June 2008: Facebook settles in both lawsuits October 2008: International headquarters sets up in Dublin, Ireland

By Corey Flayman Sophomore, Telecommunication major If you’ve seen “The Social Network” or read anything about Facebook’s big IPO in the past few months, then you’ve probably heard how it goes. Long story short, Mark Zuckerberg created Facebook in his Harvard dorm room in 2004, and it has since grown to over 900 million users and a company worth nearly $100 billion, depending on how the stock market’s doing today. However, the story of Facebook cannot be told in one sentence. How did Facebook get here, what does it mean today and what will it become tomorrow? While its eight-year history would be better told in a book (as it is in David Kirkpatrick’s “The Facebook Effect”), the cause of Facebook’s success can be briefly explained by several key products and strategic decisions. After launching the site available only to Harvard students, Zuckerberg and his co-founders waited until a high percentage of students requested access before releasing the social network to new colleges. Despite a number of huge companies offering billions of dollars to buy Facebook, Zuckerberg refused to sell, selectively accepting a few investments and maintaining control of the company. While growth was huge and fast from the start, the introduction of features such as photos and status updates in 2005 and 2006 brought an exponential increase of sharing, taking Facebook to the next level as a massive online service. These products, in addition to the News Feed introduced in September 2006, brought Facebook much more traffic and page views, which generates advertising revenue for the company. The next major step for Facebook was integrating the service into other aspects of the web, such as the introduction of the Like button on websites, mobile apps, and the Facebook Platform for developing apps. While the road to Facebook’s success came with a few slip-ups like

privacy concerns and its failed retail sharing service, Beacon, the journey has been remarkable. Facebook has grown from a small, novel social network to one of the world’s largest and most influential companies. Today, Facebook is deeply ingrained in our society and daily lives, and most people who use it rely on it every day. It’s on our computers, our phones, TV shows, advertisements, and much more. For many people, Facebook is their primary way of communicating with friends, sharing pictures with family, consuming news, planning events, and playing games. The site is available in hundreds of countries, and is translated into more than 70 different languages. Many people have a negative perception of Facebook, often blaming it for such modern issues as obesity, cyberbullying and eating disorders, by promoting social interactions in a potentially unhealthy way. However, this judgment is somewhat misguided, as Facebook is merely the forum or enabler of this behavior; the current digital age is probably more to blame. Many casual users seem to have a love-hate relationship with Facebook as a company. For example, about once a year, the company redesigns the site, always resulting in millions of users complaining and rebelling against the update. However, a year later the same thing occurs, and these users defend the design that they detested a year before. On May 18, Facebook held its initial public offering (IPO), making its stock shares available to the public for the first time and becoming a public company. The stock initially sold for $38 per share, valuing the company at about $104 billion, making it one of the largest American IPOs ever. On the first day, the stock peaked as high as $45,

Love

Hate but has since dipped as low as $25. The NASDAQ stock exchange experienced technical problems on the first day due to the extreme amount of transactions, which delayed the IPO and partially caused disappointing numbers on the opening day. A number of factors have contributed to the weakness of the stock in its first weeks and months, but many have blamed NASDAQ and lawsuits have been filed. Even financial analysts are unsure about the future of Facebook’s stock price, but one thing’s for sure: Facebook isn’t going away anytime soon. Some of its detractors label Facebook as a fad, like Myspace. But, Facebook has grown, both in size and functionality, much larger than Myspace ever was, and potential replacements such as Google+ have failed to catch on. There are well over 900 million users on Facebook (and counting!), an incredible number considering that the site is blocked to China’s 1.3 billion and all children under age 13; who will presumably join when they get older or if China unblocks the site. No one knows what Facebook will create in the future except for Zuckerberg and his team, but rumors have arisen. Facebook is reportedly considering buying the Opera web browser, which it could turn into its own social browser. Facebook could create a browser with social sharing features and, for better or for worse, they could essentially display ads within the browser, bringing in more revenue. For years, Facebook has also been rumored to be making its own smartphone with social features built in. Facebook is gradually moving away from its homepage and pervading the rest of the Internet and our daily lives. Its mobile apps, like buttons on websites, and location check-ins are only a few examples of this expansion. This should

September 2009: 1st reported claim of positive cash flow

continue and increase in the future, but the rise of near field communication (NFC) technology, which enables you to wirelessly contact a nearby chip with April 2010: your phone, could bring Facebook into the physical Community pages are world. For example, you could check-in to locaadded tions, share purchases, send retailers your contact information, and much more with the swipe of October 2010: your phone. Facebook will soon start displaying ads The Social Network is in mobile apps, and could also make more money by creating an ad service for other websites, like released Google’s AdWords. While they need to pay the bills and February 2011: expectations are high from their disappointing IPO, A “civil union” option Facebook will never prioritize money above quality. is added for homosexual “We don’t build services to make money; we make relationships money to build better services,” said Zuckerberg in a letter to investors. Facebook has always sought to June 2011: create the best products for its users above all. Facebook’s mission is “To give people the power to share Facebook partners with and make the world more open and connected,” Skype to add video chat and it that’s exactly what it’s going to do. October 2011: The Facebook iPad application launches December 2011: Timeline is added April 2012: Facebook buys Instagram for $1 billion May 2012: Facebook’s IPO is set at $38/share - closed at $38.23 on 1st day of trading

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TECHNOLOGY

The 6 Biggest Bites

from Apple’s WWDC

Siri With iOS 6, Apple is revamping Siri with three big upgrades: sports, restaurants and movies. Now you can ask your favorite monotone assistant for a variety of sports information, including game scores, rosters, player stats, schedules and more for baseball, basketball, football, hockey and soccer. During the demonstration, Siri was even able to answer questions such as, ‘Who’s taller, LeBron or Kobe?’ (Spoiler alert: it’s King James). Siri has always been able to look up information about local restaurants, but now that will include ratings, prices, reviews and photos from Yelp. You can even use Siri to make a reservation with OpenTable. Finally, Zooey Deschanel and Samuel L. Jackson will have more to ask Siri about than tomato soup and gazpacho. Siri can now look up showtimes, movie facts and trailers, in addition to reviews and ratings from Rotten Tomatoes. – CF

Facebook Integration Last year, iOS 5 touted new features integrated with Twitter, enabling users to tweet directly from Safari, Photos, Maps and more from their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. This was a great feature for Twitter users, but it left many people wondering, ‘What about Facebook’? This year, Apple announced they had struck a deal with the massive social network to bring full Facebook integration to iOS and Mountain Lion. Now you can sign into Facebook in Settings and then share with your friends through several of Apple’s apps, including Camera, Game Center, Maps and even Siri. You can even keep your calendar and contact information up to date with friends’ birthdays and profile information from Facebook. Apple will also release an update to Mountain Lion later this fall with similar features. – CF

Safari Apple has made a few key improvements to its Safari web browser for Mac. First, Safari and other Mac apps will now tout a Share button that enables users to share content via email, iMessages, AirDrop and a number of social media websites. Apple has also combined the Address and Search bars into the Smart Search Field, so you can access websites, search engines, top hits and your history all from one place. If you like to keep many pages open at once, the new Tab View allows you to pinch and swipe to view and switch between all of your tabs. Also, iCloud now syncs your tabs so if you’re on a page on your iPad, you can pick up where you left off on your Mac. – CF

MacBook Pro with Retina Display Following Apple’s first foray into “retina” displays with the iPhone 4 at WWDC 2010, even casual observers knew that Apple would bring these high-resolution screens to the rest of their products. Despite difficulties manufacturing such pixel-dense displays at large sizes, Apple has managed to bring a 2880x1800 pixel display to their new highest-end laptop, the “MacBook Pro with Retina Display.” To put that in perspective, this 15 inch screen has three million more pixels than your HDTV! This is the MacBook for a new decade: faster than ever, lighter and thinner without a CD drive, and quieter, too, thanks to a clever technology called asymmetric fan blades. The product’s name may be a mouthful, but Apple will inevitably simplify their lineup next year as the difference between “Air” and “Pro” blurs and all Macs get retina displays. In fact, wait for the MacBook Air with a retina display if you can help it. Who needs a multitude of ports when you can have extreme portability? Watch for the entire PC industry to scramble as they try to get on the retina bandwagon. – JB

and By Corey Flayman Sophomore, Telecommunication major

Jonathan Burnett Sophomore, Computer Science major

Every summer, a few thousand nerds flock to San Francisco for Apple’s annual Worldwide Developers Conference, where Apple holds workshops, labs, and discussions for its software developers every year. More importantly, the conference always kicks off with a keynote speech from Apple’s CEO where they unveil their biggest new products and releases. This year was no different. On June 11, CEO Tim Cook and other Apple executives showed off their new line of MacBooks, and the latest software updates for Macs and their mobile devices: Mountain Lion and iOS 6. While there were many cool new products and features, we’re going to break down this year’s 6 biggest announcements from Apple. - CF

Passbook Sometimes Apple delivers new features that users have been clamoring for. Often, however, the features that prove most useful are those that no one asked for, providing the solution to a problem before it exists. This is the case with Passbook, Apple’s new app that makes your iPhone a digital wallet, letting your phone hold on to your reward cards, tickets, coupons and passes. Now you can simply present the barcode on your phone’s screen to the cashier at Starbucks, or use your phone as a boarding pass with United Airlines—your phone will even notify you if your boarding information changes! Expect Apple to include near field communication (NFC) in this year’s new iPhone to further simplify the payment process, letting you swipe your phone past a sensor instead of scanning a barcode. – JB

Maps Getting lost is a thing of the past as smartphones give everyone the power of GPS right in their pocket. It all began with Google Maps, which has powered the Maps application on every iPhone—until now. Apple announced at WWDC that iOS 6 will feature Apple’s own new Maps application, finally ending Apple’s reliance on Google, their biggest competitor. Using technology they acquired from C3 Technologies in 2011, Apple has flown planes over major US cities with military-grade cameras, capturing multiple angles of every building to create a new feature called Flyover, which allows you to view cities in stunning 3D. While Flyover is mostly a neat cosmetic feature, Apple has also built turn-by-turn navigation into Maps that’s good enough to compete with Google Maps on Android—Siri will even alert you when a turn is coming up. – JB

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