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With a climate skeptic sitting in the White House, Americans need to take charge of environmental concerns on their own.




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Climate change is frighteningly real and its destructive effects are found everywhere — but so are everyday solutions.

Seniors Andrea Onyett and Matt Abele are researching new fuel sources that could change the tide of green energy.

Assistant Professor Lisa Kretz’s passion for the environment inspires her to appreciate and care for the world.

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is the University of Evansville’s student magazine. It is written, edited and designed by and for UE students and published six times during the academic year. Circulation is 1,500, and it is distributed to 18 campus locations and housed online at www. It is funded through advertising sales and a subscription fee paid on behalf of students by the Student Government Association. Printed by Mar-Kel Printing, Newburgh, Ind. ©2017 Student Publications, University of Evansville.

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February 2017 | Crescent Magazine


CALLING FOR CLIMATE CHANGE LEGISLATION Climate change is real and it is happening right now. It is up to us to learn the facts and form an educated opinion.


With references to climate change and global warming now removed from most government websites and Rex Tillerson, former ExxonMobil CEO, confirmed as secretary of state, our attention to environmental issues needs to be stronger than ever before. NASA reports that 97 percent of scientists agree that climate change is real and that human activity is the primary cause. People are causing the excessive amount of greenhouse gases — gases trapped in the earth’s atmosphere causing the surface temperature to rise, similar to an actual greenhouse. These scientists have overwhelming evidence to suggest climate change is happening. NASA also reports that since the 19th century, the average global temperature has risen by a degree and a half, and each year since 1977 has resulted in a higher average global temperature than the 20th century average. Shockingly, 15 of the 16 warmest years on record have occurred in the 21st century. But an increase in the earth’s temperature is not the only consequence to climate change. Snow and rainfall patterns have shifted in places, including Indiana. We are now receiving about 15 percent more precipitation than we did in the early 20th century, while Southern California is receiving about 15 percent less, the Environmental Protection Agency reports. Ice caps are melting, oceans are warming and sea levels are rising. Scientists overwhelmingly agree that humans are the problem, but do the American people feel the same way? A 2014 Pew Research Center poll reports that about 71 percent of Americans said the government should do whatever it takes to protect the environment. Democrats are known for being more aggressive about taking action on climate change, with 88 percent calling for action from the government. Half of Republicans

Crescent Magazine | February 2017

also think we should do whatever we can to protect the environment. Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton put forth specific proposals to combat climate change as part of her campaign. And the belief that climate change is real and man-made are held by most Democrats, including Sen. Bernie Sanders (D-Vt.) and former Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley. Even Republicans such as former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, Ohio Gov. John Kasich and Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul know that climate change exists and humans are causing it. If 71 percent of the country not only believes in climate change, but thinks we should do anything we can to combat it, why are some politicians still calling climate change a hoax? President Donald Trump resides among those who think climate change is a fraud. “The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing noncompetitive,” he tweeted in 2012 — and over the years has tweeted dozens of times about how he does not accept the overwhelming scientific evidence that climate change is real. He has also threatened to dismantle the Paris Agreement. Even Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) recently renewed his support for fossil fuels, while Florida continues to be one of the most at-risk states to suffer from a sea level rise, storm surges and higher tidal flows that are worsened by climate change. These threats could potentially destroy 30 percent of Miami’s houses within the next 75 years, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. This means that if sea levels rise the way that climate scientists predict by the year 2100, one in eight Florida homes would be underwater, all while Rubio refuses to take action to protect his state. Money is a huge impact on climate change

legislation. The Koch brothers, who gained a lot of their wealth from the fossil fuel industry through Koch Industries, pledged to spend $889 million in the 2016 elections through their group Americans for Prosperity. This amount is more than either candidate raised in the 2012 presidential election, according to the Center for Responsive Politics. These conservative billionaires, each worth about $40 billion, hide behind a group that sounds like a good idea to make the American people think they are a positive force. Who would be against prosperity for Americans? But they use this group to protect their money and the fossil fuel industry. If legislation is enacted to combat climate change, Koch Industries stands to lose profits. The CRP reported Koch Industries was the No. 1 spender in 2014 on oil and gas lobbying — forking over $13.7 million. Koch Industries also ranked in the top 30 U.S. companies in carbon dioxide emissions in 2011. The Koch brothers have successfully influenced many politicians to sign a pledge that would oppose any legislation that relates to climate change, including Rubio and Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas). And funding from oil and gas lobbyists, not just the Koch brothers, is influencing politicians’ opinions far too much. If the majority of Americans believe climate change is real, we deserve a government that will back our beliefs and not get bullied into believing that climate change is a hoax by some old white guys who have a lot of money. We deserve an America that puts our future first — not the interests of people who possess exorbitant wealth and want more. After all, millennials are known for their progressive viewpoints and their passion about the environment and other worthy causes. We need legislative action, and we needed it yesterday.




Some Americans are worried about the most asinine things with food — GMOs, gluten, cyanide-laced Valentine’s Day candy. Yet nobody seems concerned about how much food we are wasting. The Environmental Protection Agency reports Americans threw away 35 million tons of food in 2012. Unfortunately, one in nine people still suffer from being chronically hungry, as stated in a 2014 U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization report. In the same report, chronic hunger is explained as being undernourished or not getting enough food to live an active and healthy life. While some explain it away as a food shortage, it is not that simple. Americans waste literally tons of food — in the retail process, food services and household purchasing. Not only does this mean wasting food that others could be eating, but also wasting money, resources, energy and time spent producing these foods. Growing crops, feeding livestock, packaging and shipping products requires a lot of resources that are wasted if the end product is not used. Money is also wasted if you buy goods that end up in a landfill. It would be better to just throw away a $20 bill than spending it on food you will just throw away. One of the easiest issues with food waste is one students can fix. Simply don’t get what you don’t need. In cafeterias and restaurants, take to-go boxes and consciously think about getting meals with smaller portions. Cheesecake Factory and other restaurants have entire sections on the menu for smaller-portioned meals. In the all-you-can-eat Sodexo world, don’t feel the need to fill your tray. One of Sodexo’s goals for all college campuses is to go trayless, thus saving water and energy, and therefore reducing food waste. Dana Gunders, senior scientist of the Food and Agriculture Program of the Natural Resources Defense Council, wrote several years ago that removing trays from cafeterias discourages people from taking excess food and reduces food waste by 30 percent. There is no legislation requiring and standardizing “sell-by” or “use before” dates on food, except for infant formula. So instead of immediately tossing out milk once it hits the expiration date, try smelling or tasting it before you throw it away. You will not die from drinking milk that has exceeded the expiration date by several days. The Department of Agriculture states there is no universal system for food dating or label-


< TRENDING TOPICS hurts the environment, the chronically hungry and your wallet. The EPA says almost 10 percent of greenhouse gas emissions are caused by the agriculture sector. Because food is wasted, these emissions are greater than they should be. It is not just enough to identify the problems associated with food waste, we must also examine potential solutions. On a personal level, better food planning and self-control while shopping can be beneficial. Impulse purchases are often wasted and while buy one, get one free deals are great for the wallet, they can lead to more KRISTEN BUHRMANN waste because you may be buying more than you need. Promotions, bulk purchases and grocery store deals encourage you to spend and possibly waste more. Planning meals and sticking to a list can help you avoid impulse buys. Understanding food labeling is one of the most important ways to help control food waste. Do not live and die by “sell by” and “best by” dates. Often times, you can tell by looking, smelling or tasting a food item whether or not it has gone bad. On a larger scale, if the government got involved in environmental protection legislation, new policies could help with waste management. Currently, there are few to no tax incentives for donating food — by individuals or by corporations. Corporations, especially large food manufacturers, could donate food they do not deem worthy to sell, but not bad enough to throw away. Starting a compost pile is also beneficial. Live Science states that landfills are meant to hold waste not break it down. Because of how ing. While some states have their own laws, landfills are created, even natural waste such they differ between each other and other areas as apple cores do not decompose as quickly as where no food is dated. they would in nature or a compost pile. ComGrocery stores and other retailers throw out post piles work because the water and soil protons of food for not being “attractive” enough. vide the perfect environment to aid in the proJust like with people, if it is not the right size or cess. Composting helps save space with less shape, businesses think Americans will not like trash going to landfills, but it’s also benefiit. You are not perfect and your food does not cial for decreasing greenhouse gas emissions, need to be either. By eating “ugly” food, you are which contribute heavily to global warming. saving food from being dumped in landfills and Growing up, our parents said we needhelping the environment. ed to be clean platers or we wouldn’t get desWasting less food is a selfless personal ensert. As we grew older, the joke became that deavor, in addition to just being the decent any leftover food would either go to waste or to thing to do. As stated in a 2013 U.S. News and our waist. As we learn more about greenhouse World Report article, a family of four wastes begases, global warming and food waste issues, tween $1,365 and $2,275 annually by tosslet us choose the unstated third option: to not ing out food and beverages. Wasting that much waste our resources.



LANDFILLS Excess food will either go to waste or waist, but why can’t there be a third option to simply not waste?

February 2017 | Crescent Magazine

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Waking up each morning next to the person you love, never fighting and always knowing what your partner is thinking — that is the dream. Well, keep dreaming, because that isn’t reality and living in a fantasy world won’t help your real-world relationship. Every relationship has its problems, and the issue is figuring out how to work past those problems in a way that does not damage the other person. For all couples the struggle is often figuring out how power is distributed within the relationship. Those in same-sex relationships need to approach these situations differently: it’s not a matter of male vs. female, but butch vs. femme or top vs. bottom. For LGBT couples it’s not as simple as pointing to the person who possesses the penis and labeling them as the dominant one in the relationship. Gay couples have to deal with the socialized repercussions of hyper-masculinity, which can affect their ability to compromise and submit within the relationship. With lesbian couples, there is the idea that one of them is “the man” and has to appear more masculine in order for the relationship to be valid. A relationship is comprised of consenting people who agree to engage in a sexual or romantic partnership. That can take on many forms, especially within the LGBT community. No two relationships are the same: some gay relationships involve two masculine men who are successful in their careers; a lesbian relationship can have a feminine trans woman and a butch cis woman; and a bi man could be dating a woman and a man at the same time. These are just KRISTA LECHER a handful of the possibilities of what relationships look like. On the same note, non-monogamous relationships are more commonly accepted within the LGBT community. These relationships come about for many reasons and are not limited to differences in preferences. One partner may identify as asexual and not want to engage in any sexual activity but the other partner might be hypersexual. This couple then may opt for allowing the hypersexual person to outsource their desires with another partner. If we face the facts, gay people are not wired the same way as straight people. Now I am using the term “gay people” in the general sense of someone who identifies as LGBT. This




WHO WEARS THE PANTS? Preferably nobody. All relationships are hard, but LGBT relationships play by an entirely different set of rules. is not to say that they are somehow an alien species, at least not according to anyone aside from Vice President Mike Pence. Loving someone when you are gay is a lot harder than it seems. You first have to find someone who also finds you attractive, which is hard enough if you are straight. Then comes the part of actually making the relationship work. All relationships have their problems. One partner may chew with an open mouth, finances might be a touchy subject or your partner hates anal. These are all normal things that happen and need to be worked through. The only issue with this is that gay couples also have to address the fact that they are going to face differences in ideas of what it means to be gay. One person may think sex has to include penetration; the other may be content with dry humping and a heavy make-out session. One may think they are the sole breadwinner of the household and that the partner should take on traditionally feminine roles within the house. As with all things this varies from person to person. Lesbian relationships are criticized for being too far away from the traditional masculine and feminine dynamic. In the same breath, gay relationships are told they are too traditional if one works while the other stays home. It is a never-ending cycle of criticisms that only damage perfectly valid relationships.

Every time you want to hold your lover’s hand in public you risk being called any number of nasty names (my favorites being kitty puncher and bum bandit), being assaulted or in some cases arrested. As it has been supported by the Supreme Court, same-sex relationships are as valid as heterosexual relationships. The fact remains that we are still marginalized and attacked for living the lives others take for granted as an imbued human right. In recent years this has become less of a problem. People within the community have come together and found strength within a world that seems to hate them. We took back the slurs used to bring us down; some of us even use them as self-descriptors. We approach romantic and sexual situations differently because we have to in order to stay safe. Just as recently as last February, an Atlanta man attacked two gay men in their home with a pot full of boiling water. This act left both men with extensive burns and mounting hospital bills. When asked why he did it when interviewed by the police, his response was, “They’ll be alright, it was just a little hot water.” It is not a matter of other’s personal preference for how we should live our lives. Anyone who is openly LGBT is at risk of becoming the next news headline. It should not be a matter of life or death when all you want is to love someone and be loved in return. We perseverve as we have always done. The community keeps growing every day as more people find it within themselves to openly express their orientation.

February 2017 | Crescent Magazine


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TAKING OUT THAT NASTY OL’ TRASH The average American throws away four pounds of trash per day, which adds up to a whopping 600,000 tons per day and 210 million tons per year for the entirety of the U.S. Where does all the trash go? Most trash eventually ends up in a landfill, though it can also be recycled or composted. A landfill is a carefully constructed structure that is built into the earth to contain garbage, sandwiching trash between layers of soil with a barrier at the bottom to prevent groundwater contamination. Trash in landfills is packed into tight cells that can be up to a few acres in size. Active landfills are carefully monitored to ensure that pollutants do not escape into the surrounding soil, and are monitored for up to 30 years after they are closed. If you are still worried about your impact on the environment, the best way to keep trash out of a landfill is by recycling. By doing so, you are helping the environment and saving valuable space in landfills.



IN A PLASTIC WORLD Plastic products, such as bottles and bags, can take 450 to 1,000 years to decompose in a landfill.

WHAT IS A DUMP? A dump, like a landfill, is a place for trash to be buried and eventually decay. However, a dump is not regulated and is simply an open hole in the ground that is eventually covered once it is filled with garbage. There are no environmental protections, and animals like rats, mice and birds often swarm around and in them. The surrounding environment is then exposed to harmful pollutants that can damage the ecosystem and ruin groundwater, which is why landfills are the better option for disposal.

A PAPER TRAIL Paper waste is the most common waste product in landfills and decomposes in two to six short weeks.

WHAT MAKES A LANDFILL? Landfills are carefully constructed to protect the surrounding environment, making them more than just a hole in the ground. The bottom layer is usually a puncture-resistant synthetic plastic or a combination of hard-packed clay and plastic to protect the underlying soil. Above that are the trash cells, which are often broken up into smaller daily cells that are covered at the end of each day. Each cell is sloped to collect liquid from the landfill, called leachate, which is then treated and sent off-


site. Storm water runoff is collected and held in ponds that allow pollutants to settle out of the water. Methane gas, which is released by decaying trash, is collected and is control-burned or refined and used as an alternative energy source. When the cell is filled, it is permanently covered with a layer of polyethylene plastic, compacted soil and a layer of topsoil to encourage plant growth to prevent erosion.


Glass takes the longest time to decompose inside a landfill with an estimate of a million years.

Not all waste goes to the same place. Different kinds of trash go to different kinds of landfills, and each have their own federal regulations to keep them as environmentally friendly as possible. The most common type of landfill is a municipal solid waste landfill, which contains non-hazardous waste from household, hotel, commercial and industrial sources. Building and construction waste is taken to a construction and demolition landfill. Rock-like materials, such as concrete, asphalt, rock and bricks, and yard debris, such as stumps, branches and leaves, are disposed of at inert landfills — though what is accepted can vary from state to state.

IT’S MORE THEN JUST TRASH Landfills do more than just bury trash — they collect landfill gas, typically methane, which can be converted into energy as an effective way to recycle a valuable resource. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has deemed landfill gas a safe and environmentally friendly resource that can reduce our reliance on fossil fuels like coal and oil for energy. Mature municipal solid waste landfills have the most success, compared to new landfills or construction and demolition landfills, in converting landfill gas into energy. There are three different ways that landfill gas can be converted into energy: landfill gas can be burned to generate electricity that is then sent to utility companies; piped to local industrial or commercial facilities to be used as fuel for heating in addition to or in replacement of fossil fuels; or processed and cleaned to be used as an alternative to natural gas

February 2017 | Crescent Magazine


WHO CARES WHAT SHE WEARS? Rape culture is allowed to exist through normalization of cat calling, slut shaming and victim blaming. When I first started college, I always made sure I was back in my dorm room before dark. After all, what could be scarier than walking back to your residence hall — alone — at night? Now, it is usual for me to be in the Bower-Suhrheinrich Library until 4 in the morning before I head back to my room. But no matter how often I walk alone at night, no matter how familiar I am with a certain route, my shoulders are always tense and I am always ready to use my heavy, glass water bottle as a weapon. Women are socialized to be anxious about walking alone at night — not just in strange places, not just in bad neighborhoods — everywhere. It is so ingrained into our psyche that we do not even think it is unusual. The online magazine “Everyday Feminism” defines rape culture in part as “cultural practices that excuse or otherwise tolerate sexual violence.” Legally, rape is a crime and socially, everyone agrees. But collectively society creates an environment that shames victims and makes them afraid to come forward. The Centers for Disease Control reports that nearly 18.3 percent of women and 1.4 percent of men said they were raped at some point in their lives. These numbers only represent the victims who came forward. Rape is highly underreported by female vic-

Crescent Magazine | February 2017

tims, and male victims are even less likely to come forward. Furthermore, some believe that false reporting by victims is a common practice, when in reality, only about 2–8 percent of people who report having been raped or sexually assaulted are lying. Rape culture is a system of oppression that teaches females to think of themselves as potential victims. Today, there are a lot of practices and generally accepted social norms that validate and reinforce the idea that women are sexual objects. The extent to which women are objectified in media and advertising, catcalling and slut shaming are all factors that contribute to rape culture — and they all happen on a daily basis. Slut shaming is criticizing a woman for her sexual preferences or exploits, especially if she has a particularly active sex life. But it can take much subtler forms as well. Slut shaming can be as simple and seemingly harmless as criticizing or wrinkling one’s nose at what a woman is wearing. This contributes to the idea that what a woman wears could make her susceptible to or deserving of rape. The question “what were you wearing?” is something rape victims hear all too often. It shifts the focus from the victim to an unimportant detail and puts the victim unOLI ROSS-MUSICK der a microscope. Asking that question turns the conversation into an interrogation. A big problem in the day-to-day perpetuation of rape culture is the widely held belief that rape is a sex act or that it is in any way equivalent to sex. Rape is a violent crime, not intercourse between consenting adults. Our society is already squeamish and restrictive when it comes to sex, and it is worse when it comes to rape. Still today sex is something you simply do not talk about in polite conversation. We cover it up and use countless euphemisms to make ourselves feel more comfortable. This paints sex in an almost taboo light, and if sex is seen as inherently dirty then rape becomes a product of the act. Another seemingly small thing that allows rape culture to exist is the trend of playing devil’s advocate. If you are an activist of any kind then you have probably heard this before. You



are discussing an issue and someone interrupts you to use an argument designed to invalidate what you were just saying.

RAPE CULTURE is a system of oppression that teaches women to think of themselves as potential victims. Usually, it is a thinly veiled excuse to give voice to a sexist or bigoted opinion. People who play devil’s advocate tend to focus on the smallest details of what someone said, and blow them out of proportion. A perfect example of this is the hashtag “Not All Men.” The phrase “not all men” is used to derail conversations about rape culture and sexism by complaining “but not all men rape” or “not all men are sexist.” The problem with this is that everybody already knows not all men are misogynist rapists. In fact, rapists are the exception rather than the rule. “Not all men” is also a little counterintuitive because by framing it that way, it suggests that rapists and misogynists are the majority — as in, most, but not all men. Another argument similar to “not all men” is “but men get raped too.” Yes, men do get raped and part of the problem with rape culture is it does not recognize that men can be victims of rape and sexual assault. Rape culture tells men they cannot be raped because they should be strong enough to fight off their attacker. Thus, if you were not able to fight back, you must have really wanted it. That being said, anyone who uses “but men get raped too” as an argument is using it to silence female victims and probably does not truly believe that men can be victims. Rape culture is harmful to men too. Not only does it tell men they cannot be raped, it tells them they are incapable of controlling their actions around women. Rape culture normalizes an image of men as sex fiends with no self-control. It sets them up to be monsters. This is extremely offensive, and if you are a man, this should make you angry. Combating rape culture means being vocal. Speak out, call out people who slut shame and play devil’s advocate, and do not judge a woman on what she is wearing. Women are guilty of this too. In fact, women tend to be more critical of other women based on what they wear than men are. It goes both ways. Rape culture can be perpetuated by all sexes, and it is important to combat it in all its forms. So get frustrated, speak up and spread awareness.




Nobody in a relationship wants to talk about it, but it is a longstanding problem. There is no getting around it — cheating happens often. As far as married couples are concerned, the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy reports that about 15 percent of wives and 25 percent of husbands have sex outside of marriage. But people are not necessarily eager to admit to cheating, so in reality, the numbers are probably higher. While there is no acceptable excuse for cheating, there are some common reasons for it. In “Six Reasons People Cheat On Their Partners,” the Huffington Post examined some of the most frequently occurring reasons, including things such as people feeling that their needs were not being met. Relationships require attention and romance. Partners need to feel appreciated and loved, and when they do not, it can lead to them finding that attention elsewhere. The same idea is true for physical needs. If they are not being met, a partner might find other ways to ensure that they are. People who have a fear of commitment or “love the chase” are also more likely to cheat. Being committed to someone can make them feel as if there are high expectations to meet, and it forces them to feel vulnerable, which can send some people running. Other people seem to get a special high from seeking new partners and then bailing to a new relationship as soon as things start to get too serious. Then there are those who self-destruct. They feel insecure, and whether it is a result of depression, SAM FROST low self-esteem or another issue they have not dealt with, they start to cheat because they do not feel they deserve a long-term, loving relationship. It is also important to note that some partners just fall out of love. They do not feel the same way they used to or the relationship has become boring. Instead of dealing with a breakup or explaining these feelings to their partner, the person is convinced that cheating is OK. Cheating used to be seen as your partner having sex with someone else. But today’s society leaves room for a much broader definition. Technology has brought to the forefront a myriad of ways to cheat. Depending on personal belief, sending a text message complete with pic-




CHEATING IS MORE THAN SEX Everyone knows that cheating is wrong, but that doesn’t mean it won’t happen, even in committed relationships. tures or video can be looked at as cheating just as easily as a physical relationship. And many women see their partner’s visits to porn sites as a form of cheating. To people today, cheating is not necessarily about sex. A 2013 University of Michigan study examined a survey given to undergraduates in order to rate specific behaviors as far as cheating were concerned. These behaviors ranged from intercourse — which had a high score of 97.7 percent — to briefly hugging another person, which was not seen as cheating. The survey also questioned whether oral sex, taking a shower together or kissing someone counted as cheating. Respondents overwhelmingly agreed that these were examples of cheating. The Huffington Post also found that it was more likely that younger people would consider kissing a person besides their partner as a reason to end a relationship, while older people tended to see it as a minor issue. Spending large amounts of time with someone and forming close emotional bonds outside of a relationship fell somewhere in the middle. Men and women also look at cheating differently. A 2014 survey by Victoria Milan, an online site geared to those who want to cheat, found that 72 percent of men think sexual affairs are worse than emotional affairs while 69 percent of women think the opposite. Research

also shows that women are much more likely to forgive a strictly physical affair, while men are not. And surprisingly, men are more willing to forgive women for emotional affairs, but women are not. Women are also more likely to turn affairs into relationships and some use cheating as a means to leave an unhappy relationship for a new one. While men seem to be less affected by emotional cheating, marriage counselor Gary Neuman wrote in “The Truth About Cheating” that the majority of men said their reasons for cheating were not about sex but were emotional, such as feeling lonely or disconnected. But there are no definitive signs of when someone is cheating. Men used to be the ones who were most likely to cheat, but that has changed. The Huffington Post reported that during the last 20 years, the number of women who have admitted to cheating has almost doubled. This might be due to the increase of women now in the workforce and because they have jobs that require travel. Cheating is not going to go away. But there are some things that can be done to minimize the damage. If you are cheating or have cheated, come clean. Cheating does not necessarily have to be the end of a relationship, but lying and sneaking around probably will. If you think you are being cheated on, it is time to have a serious conversation with your partner. Every couple is different and has to figure out the best way to work through their problems.

February 2017 | Crescent Magazine


It takes multiple layers to build a concrete canoe. As junior Erich Hopf inserts more reinforcement, sophomore Jacob Slick pats the first section securely into place. | MaKayla Seifert As the mix master, senior Sammi Shuler blends materials needed to make the colored concrete. | MaKayla Seifer Junior Emily Rohr and sophomore Sam Brinegar lay colored concrete to match the checkerboard pattern. | MaKayla Seifert Junior Gunner Pickens jumps in to help freshman Marcus Gahagen as he begins the second layer of concrete. | MaKayla Seifert With the colored layering finished, junior Alexis Sorrell begins the first layer of reinforcements. | MaKayla Seifert

hope FLOATS It’s casting day for these aspiring civil engineers as Concrete Canoe builds its floatable vessel — christened “Thunderbird” — for the annual American Society of Civil Engineers competition.

Crescent Magazine | February 2017




CHURCH TODAY While many Christians view weed as evil, there is nothing biblically wrong with legalizing the substance. With the conclusion of the election season, 26 states and the District of Columbia now have some sort of marijuana legalization, seven of which have legalized recreational as well as medical use. While many people are completely satisfied with this legalization, many Christians still consider marijuana to be a sinful drug that should be avoided at all costs. They see it as an evil that needs to be combated from harming the morals of Christian families in America. Yet there is no valid biblical argument against using marijuana both medically and recreationally. When arguing against marijuana, many Christians bring up that God says the following for governmental laws, as stated in Romans 2:13: “For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law who will be justified,” Paul said. For Christians, this is a direct command from God to obey the laws set by a government and its rulers. But unjust laws must be considered when following this teaching. “Lex malla, lex nulla,” St. Thomas Aquinas said, which means, “A bad law is no law.” It is not morally right to follow a law if it goes against other Christian teachings. Slavery is a prime example of this proverb. When the U.S. first became a nation, it was perfectly legal for white people to own others as slaves, even though it was morally horrendous. People should not be able to treat others as property as most slaves were. But many people decided to fight against this and broke the law in order to free slaves and get them to safety. In this case, following the law was unquestionably the wrong course of action. While there may not be a lot of similarities between marijuana and slavery, there are benefits to destroying the laws associated with them both. Abolishing slavery allowed those who were enslaved to be free and live, at least partially, as they wished to. Legalizing marijuana will provide many administrative, economic and medical benefits for the U.S. that make legalizing the substance extremely useful — and almost mandatory — for the country. Another prominent biblical argument against marijuana targets the person rather than society as a whole. “Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God?” Paul said in Corinthians 1:6. By this, Paul was saying that a person’s body should only be treated as God would want it treated, in a holy and respectful manner. Nothing that would harm or dishonor the body should be utilized. Many Christians see marijuana as a substance that will impair the body and weaken it, making it


unholy. While, yes, there are negative side effects to the use of any recreational drug, there are also many others used by Christians that have similar disadvantages. Alcohol can be a harmful drug but it is still often used by Christians and in many Christian services such as communion as the blood of Christ. Since the Bible tolerates alcohol in moderation Stewart Felker told Huffington Post that this could “lay the groundwork” for interpretations on drug use. The harm alcohol causes the human body is comparable, if not worse, to the harm marijuana to the body. So why is it LILY RENFRO does acceptable to impair the body with alcohol but not with marijuana? There is a family of six that attends my hometown church. They have four children, all under age 14. They struggle financially and only have a two-bedroom house. Because they struggle, the father turned to dealing marijuana to ensure his children were provided for. Unfortunately, he was caught and arrested on more than one occasion. Not only is this hard on the father, who was sentenced to a prison term to live among murderers and rapists, but it is also extremely hard on his family. They wake up every morning missing him and are terrified, for both themselves and their father. Without the extra income, they do not always know where their next meal will come from. By legalizing marijuana, these problems would be significantly improved. The family would be able to have the extra income they need to provide more stability in their lives. The children could go to school each day and feel safe, knowing that they will see their dad that night and actually have dinner. The father would also be able to get a job much more easily than he otherwise would because he would not have a criminal record because he was trying to provide for his family. The 21st amendment repealed the country’s prohibition law. When this occurred, the consequences of alcohol became much more positive and beneficial to society than they had been during the ban. Likewise, legalizing marijuana will have the same outcome. If the only Christian arguments against marijuana are as insubstantial as they seem to be, then there really is nothing morally or religiously wrong with legalizing it. It is better to legalize marijuana and reap the benefits than continuing to argue that it is a sin and suffering the troubles of keeping it illegal.


February 2017 | Crescent Magazine


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Crescent Magazine | February 2017




The boyfriend of a transgender woman anxiously waited last year for news of his girlfriend’s well-being. It was late on a Friday night and Tamara Dominguez wasn’t home yet. Homicide detectives confirmed her boyfriend’s worst fears the next morning: Tamara had been found dead in a church parking lot. Witnesses said she had gotten out of a man’s truck when he hit her, then he proceeded to drive over her body multiple times. Why did this happen? What was it about Dominguez that offended the truck driver? The answer is a sad reality for transgender women — especially trans women of color — in this country. We live in a near constant state of fear because at any moment someone on the street or across the bar may feel that a trans woman minding her own business is an affront to the world and decide to do something about it. This happens often. Ask any trans woman you know if she’s been physically or verbally attacked for her gender identity and you’ll be shocked by what your friend has gone through. Once, I was walking down Lincoln wearing a dress when someone shouted, “Hey you faggot!” at me from a passing car. I don’t often wear feminine clothes in public and that is why. I don’t want to put a target on my back. I literally cannot live the way I want to out of fear of being attacked for doing so. The danger comes from a deep-seated belief that underneath all the lifestyle changes and the preferred pronouns is a man playing dressup. For many, this belief is a conscious one. For others, it’s a subconscious one stemming from the way our brains are wired. When we see a face, our brain categorizes it as male or female within seconds. Regardless of whether people are aware of how they feel about trans women or not, the idea that we are really just men is the driving force behind the violence against us. It goes something like this: a straight man sees a trans woman. The trans woman confuses an unconscious part of his brain; he sees a man, but there is something intriguing — maybe even attractive — about him. The man then worries that his confusion makes him gay. Disgusted by this idea, he reasserts his masculinity by lashing out, either verbally or violently, at the trans woman. That this happens at all is atrocious. But the more insidious problem is that the violence is not a linear process. It doesn’t start with the straight man finding a trans woman strange-


TRANSITIONS > gender woman is a man putting on a show. The publicity of the anti-transgender bathroom bills also plays a role in the cycle. Many people who support such bills say they aren’t worried about the trans women who want to use the restroom, they just worry that there will be cis men who will pretend to be trans in order to sneak into women’s restrooms. This fear that cis men will be able to sneak into women’s restroom under the disguise of being trans means people think that cis men and trans women are indistinguishable and again assumes that being trans is something that can be imitated and performed. KAITLYN ROBKIN Finally, when trans women do get murdered, the media that report these murders hold some blame as well. Anytime a trans woman is posthumously misgendered, or her name is in quotes, or the murder is classified as anything other than a hate crime, they continue to reinforce the idea that trans women are men. Thus, the cycle of violence continues. Now that we have a full picture of that cycle, let’s take a look at it again. The media publishes a story about a murdered trans woman, but misgenders her. A man sees it as another case of a man pretending to be a woman. Later, that man sees a trans woman and feels that strange half-confusion, half-attraction. He worries that this makes him gay. To reassert his straightness, he lashes out. The media reports the story, but misgenders the trans woman. Some people may argue that “not all men” do this. I agree. Of course not all men attack trans women. But all people, men included, consciously or subconsciously contribute to this collective attitude that trans women are really ly attractive. The sequence above is a part of a only men underneath. larger cycle perpetuated by society and resultIt’s possible to change. I know a few peoing in our deaths. ple who have shown me through their behavior There are many ways with which society reand their actions that they truly see me and all inforces the idea that trans women are really trans people as the people we say we are. Peomen, but I will only touch on a few. ple who don’t have to walk on eggshells in orOne of the biggest offenders is Hollywood. der to interact with us, who just treat us like huThe film industry has a strange aversion to castman beings. ing transgender women to tell transgender stoThe only way to end the cycle of violence is ries. The films “Dallas Buyer’s Club” and “The to break one of its links. Straight men are only Danish Girl,” for instance, star cis men playing going to continue finding us attractive and isn’t characters who are trans women. likely to change. The only other solution is for Both movies went on to be nominated for our society to actively combat its own stigma Oscars, as did the men who played the trans against trans women. characters. So when a bearded Jared Leto acEveryone, myself included, needs to train cepted his award for playing a trans woman themselves to see trans women for what we rein “Dallas Buyer’s Club,” the 43 million people ally are: real women with emotions, goals and watching saw reinforcement that every transideas who deserve to live.



THE VIOLENCE Transgender women are not men. Stop treating us like we are. Our lives really do depend on it.

February 2016 | Crescent Magazine


The following information was compiled from criminal offense reports filed


Nov. 3, 2016–Feb. 1, 2017 in Safety & Security.

Jan. 29 – Student reported being harassed by two other students. Investigated completed. No referral made. Jan. 27 – Wallet and other items were stolen from an unlocked vehicle parked near the University apartments. Loss reported at $52. Jan. 25 – Student reported being harassed by two other students. Investigated completed. No referral made. Jan. 14 – Cupcakes were stolen from the Zeta Tau Alpha suite in the Panhellenic Center on Lincoln. Loss not reported.

Jan. 5 – Items were stolen from an employee’s Igleheart Building office before winter break. Loss reported at $54. Dec. 15 — The painting stolen Dec. 1 from the School of Business Administration was recovered by the Evansville Police Department and returned to campus. Dec. 12 – A man was reported harrassing a woman on the first floor of the Bower-Suhrheinrich Library. Investigation by Safety & Security continues. Dec. 11 – The Sigma Alpha Epsilon lion mascot and the sidewalk of the fraternity’s house were van-


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dalized with obscene pictures and messages. Loss not reported. Dec. 7 – Underage student was reported to be vomiting outside of a house on Lincoln. Appeared intoxicated when questioned by security officers. Referred to the vice president for Student Affairs for disciplinary action. — Student reported a GoPro camera was stolen from J-lot when it was apparently knocked out of her vehicle the previous evening. Loss reported at $200. Dec. 4 – University-owned house on Walnut found to be partially covered in toilet paper. Loss not reported. Dec. 3 – Underage student appeared intoxicated while staggering down Walnut. Referred to the vice president for Student Affairs for disciplinary action. Dec. 1 – Panels on a Hazeart apartments airconditioning unit were damaged. Loss not reported. — Student in Brentano Hall found in possession of marijuana and alcohol. Referred to the vice president for Student Affairs for disciplinary action. — A painting was stolen from the first floor of the School of Busniess Administration. The theft is being investigated by the Evansville Police Department. Loss reported at $3,000. Nov. 20 – Student reported that 20 Adderall pills were stolen from her backpack that was in a vehicle parked in front of the Walnut Townhouses. Student filed a theft report with the Evansville Police Department. Loss not reported. Nov. 19 – Student reported a hole was punched in the roof of her vehicle while it was parked in H-lot. Loss not reported. Nov. 18 – Directional sign and traffic control barrels stolen from Weinbach in front of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon house. Items recovered. Nov. 10 – An orange traffic control cone was stolen from A-lot. Loss reported at $18. Nov. 9 – Unknown male found trying to break into the garage of a University-owned house. He was asked to leave the property and not return. Nov. 7 – Student reported that on Oct. 18, 2016, his wallet was stolen from his vehicle that was parked in the Sigma Alpha Epsilon parking lot. Loss not reported. Nov. 6 – Student observed urinating on the Lambda Chi Alpha house. Referred to the vice president for Student Affairs for disciplinary action .


posted... Find out what’s happening on campus with things you might be interested in and with Crescent Magazine.

7 a.m.–9 p.m. daily Weinbach Shopping Center Crescent Magazine | February 2016 812.488.2846 •





IS NOW 2016 was the Earth’s hottest year since recordkeeping began more than 130 years ago. We take notice of catastrophes as they are reported on the news or forwarded to our news feeds. We empathize with those who lose their lives or property from floods and tornados; gasp at the destruction as homes and acres of land are consumed by wildfires that rip through drought-stricken areas; are resigned to the health-endangering pollutants that permeate our air; and cheer when the temperature stays warmer than it’s traditionally supposed to, delaying colder temperatures and winter precipitation just a little bit longer. Heat waves, heavy precipitation, droughts and wildfires are just some of

century, most notably since the late 1970s. Climate change includes global warming, but refers specifically to the wide-ranging changes that are happening to the planet. These include rising sea levels, shrinking mountain glaciers, accelerating ice melts and changes in the growing season. All are consequences of the warming, which is caused mainly by burning fossil fuels and putting heat-trapping gases into the air. The terms “global warming” and “climate change” are sometimes used interchangeably, but refer to slightly different things. Scientists worldwide have studied global warming and climate change for years,

the greenhouse effect first identified. BBC News states global warming didn’t become a widely publicized issue until 1975, when Wallace Broecker, a Columbia geology professor, coined the term in a paper about climate change. By the start of the 20th century, scientists were arguing that emissions of greenhouse gases could change climate. By the 1990s most in the scientific community believed greenhouse gases were deeply involved in most climate changes and human-caused emissions were causing global warming. Statistics gathered by various govern-

hottest years globally have all happened since 1998. u Global temperatures have been above average for 39 years in a row.

u The Top 10

the thousands of record-breaking weather events that have increased over the years due to global warming and climate change. A NASA study called “Global Climate Change” describes global warming as the long-term warming of the planet — the Earth is warming; that’s a fact. There has been a well-documented rise of global temperatures since the early 20th


and while skeptics remain, if people are honest with themselves they know something is going on — and humans are responsible. While scientists began discussing climate change as early as the start of the 19th century, it was in the 1970s that people really started listening. This was when climate change was first suspected and

ment agencies and other groups tell the tale of how human activity has caused the release of most greenhouse gases, which cause global warming by building in the atmosphere and trapping heat. To illustrate this, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change reported in 2013 that temperatures increased by about a degree and a half from 1880 to 2012. February 2017 | Crescent Magazine

DEADLY AIR Burning fossil fuels is the biggest contributor to the greenhouse effect, even though intensive livestock farming, deforestation, the use of synthetic fertilizers and industrial processes greatly contribute as well. The U.S. gets 84 percent of its total energy from fossil fuels. The Los Angeles Times provided this example. About 253 million vehicles were driven on U.S. roads in 2014. For each gallon of gas used, about 24 gallons of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases was released into the atmosphere. The IPCC reported that the Northern Hemisphere had the warmest 30year period from 1983 to 2012 of the last 1,400 years. And the EPA predicts temperatures will keep rising. Global temperatures are expected to increase 0.5 to 8.6 degrees by 2100, with the U.S. predicted to have increases of 3 to 12 degrees. The EPA also reports that heat waves are expected to occur more often with rising temperatures. The U.S. is expected to see a record high increase in the number of days with temperatures above 90 degrees. And nights are also becoming warmer, meaning less cooling off between days. “There’s been a consistent and persistent rise in temperature,” said Cris Hochwender, professor of biology. “What comes with higher temperatures are higher, extreme hot days.” In addition to the concerns about annual average temperatures, there is also the issue of annual average rainfall. Hoch-

15 of the top 17 hottest years have come since 2000. wender said rainfall is just as concerning. It affects soil moisture and water availability. Because there is more evaporation, there is less water for plants in the ecosystem. “Precipitation is less predictable than temperature,” he said. “The patterns of moisture are less consistent in patches Crescent Magazine | February 2017

Burning fossil fuels is the biggest contributor to the greenhouse effects, while other factors include deforestation and industrial processes.

The United States is responsible for of the total amount of The amount of CARBON DIOXIDE in the atmosphere is higher than at any time in the last 650,000 years and the Earth’s average temperature is increasing faster than ever before.


of the carbon released is due to


and change in the use of land.

Burning 1 gallon of gasoline puts

19 pounds

If everyone in the world lived the way people do in the U.S., it would take EARTHS to provide


of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.


FOSSIL FUELS consumed every year.

Air conditioners & heating elements consume

CO2 concentrations have increased by



of ELECTRICITY in America.

in 130 years.



contribute to of carbon in the U.S.

The U.S. is the




to CO2 (22%), but is home to just 4.4 % of the world’s population.

for everyone.


EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE Average global sea level increased 2.4 inches from 2000 to 2015.

90% of the

planet’s freshwater ice is in the Antarctica ice caps.

92 billion tons of ice from Antartica is lost each year.

By 2100, the

western half of Antartica is predicted to cause more than 3 feet of sea level to rise.

9% of the planet’s

freshwater ice is in Greenland, but it is losing 200 billion tons of ice each year.

400,000 square

miles of the ice cap have already melted due to global warming.

In 1910,Glacier National Park was home to more than 150 glaciers. That number has shrunk to fewer than 30. It is expected to lose all its glaciers by 2030.

1.5 times the size of

the U.S., Antartica has ice up to three miles thick and it has enough ice to raise global sea levels by 200 feet.






of the plastic used is used just once and thrown away.

People use tons and tons of plastic every year. We don’t realize the impact it has but we do know it is a threat worldwide.

Americans throw away



plastic water bottles every year.

About 500 billion plastic bags are used worldwide every year. More than one million bags are used every


The production of plastic uses about 8% of the world’s oil production.


Plastic accounts for about 10% of the total waste generated.

The average American throws away about 185 pounds of plastic each year.

Virtually every piece of plastic that was ever made still exists in some shape or form.

of the country. Some are predicted to get higher moisture levels, but most places have lower soil moisture levels because of the additional temperature changes.” Drought is another example of severe weather caused by global warming. It has impacted the southwest for years and caused record-breaking numbers of tree die-offs. The U.S. Forest Service reported that 62 million trees died in California in 2016. And Hochwender said in the southwest, the Colorado River is so overused it’s not even a river when it ends at the Gulf of California. In addition to fires, no water is available to grow crops making ranching hard.

IS IT REALLY HAPPENING? Skeptics might say global warming is a natural occurrence and just part of earth’s regular cycle of heating and Enough plastic cooling. The more fanatical may claim is thrown away It takes 500 to climate change is simply a myth inventeach year to 1,000 years ed by environmentalists. But scientists’ circle the Earth for plastic to know the facts. FOUR times. degrade. “It is happening,” Hochwender said. “Humans are responsible for it. The science behind it is simple.” Greenhouse gases are defined as Plastic makes up about 90% of all trash heat-trapping compounds that are refloating on the ocean’s surface, with leased across the globe. They remain 46,000 pieces of plastic per square mile. trapped in the atmosphere for centuThe Great Pacific Garbage Patch is located off the ries, causing a greenhouse effect. coast of California and is the largest ocean garbage Hochwender said carbon dioxide is site in the world. This floating mass of plastic is twice released when humans burn fossil futhe size of Texas, with plastic pieces outnumbering els. Carbon dioxide and other gases, sea life 6 to 1. including methane, nitrous oxide, sulPlastic chemicals fur dioxide and others, are known as can be absorbed by the body. 93% greenhouse gases. As humans burn of Americans test more fossil fuels, more greenhouse ONE million sea birds positive for BPA. gases are released. The gases aband 100,000 marine mammals are killed annually sorb heat that is reflected off earth’s from plastic in the oceans. surface and then emit it back. With more gases, the atmosphere absorbs 44% of all seabird species, 22% of cetaceans, ALL sea turtle species and a growing list of more heat — so the world warms up. fish species have been documented with John Blair, president of Valley Watch, plastic in or around their bodies. an organization seeking to protect the health and environment of Evansville and




the surrounding area, said coal-fired power plants are a huge cause of air pollution locally. He said burning coal releases a lot of carbon dioxide — one pound of coal releases two pounds of carbon. But the problem is not just in Evansville and Southern Indiana. Power plants and other polluters are located all over the world, releasing high volumes of greenhouse gases every day. The Global Carbon Project reported that humans released about 40 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide in 2015. And since the start of the Industrial Revolution in the late 1700s, humans have released a total of more than 2 trillion metric tons of carbon dioxide. Breathing in all these gases is harmful. Angela Reisetter, assistant professor of physics, said it is no surprise that industrial pollution reduces air quality. “Not only is it bad for global warming,” she said, “but it kills. There are lots of health problems associated with it.” The World Health Organization reported that air pollution can cause strokes, heart disease and lung cancer, as well as other cardiovascular diseases. The most dangerous particles in the air are pollutants like sulfate, ammonia and mineral dust — all found in industrial fumes. And if it’s making humans sick, imagine what pollutants do to the environment. Blair said it’s worse in areas affected by deforestation. Trees can help absorb excess carbon dioxide from the air, but what if there aren’t enough trees? The carbon has to go somewhere and that’s when it dissolves into oceans, making them more acidic and endangering delicate marine habitats. “Carbon dioxide becomes a major load on ecosystems that are no longer capable of managing that load,” Blair said. “We need to deal with coal-fired power plants immediately.” And the ocean has more than acidity at stake — the EPA reported that oceans have absorbed more than 90 percent of the earth’s extra heat since 1955. This might keep the atmosphere from heating too quickly, but it could spell disaster for the oceans. Yale Environment 360, a publication of the school’s School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, described how North Atlantic Ocean waters are shifting, which

February 2017 | Crescent Magazine

The Paris Agreement If you heard that 96 countries sat down together and came to an agreement, you would probably roll your eyes at the impossibility. Although, that is exactly what happened: the countries that make up nearly 70 percent of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions agreed to work together against climate change. The Paris Agreement is a pact between countries — such as Canada, France, Pakistan and the U.S. — that are focused on lowering human contributions to global warming. It is also concerned with the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions in the world. With its focus on these ideas, the agreement plans to reach these goals by calling for the countries involved to lower their greenhouse gases, spend trillions of dollars on the effects caused by climate change and to develop renewable energy sources. It encourages the participants to help other countries and communities adapt to climate change impacts. For the agreement to be successful, new technologies could stall global ocean water circulation. The system of currents depends on the sinking of cold water, which is denser than warm water, to start the cycle. Warm water flows north and cold water flows south, keeping the global climate in check. But global warming interrupts this system. Ocean water is getting warmer, so there is less cold water. And fresh water from melting ice caps is affecting the salinity and density of the ocean. If the currents slow enough, the Northern Hemisphere could cool and the Southern Hemisphere

u Went into effect Nov. 4, 2016

will have to be discovered and put into use, which can be costly. What everyone should know by now is that when the government uses money in one place, it is taken from another. In order to fund the new technologies, there is a good chance that taxes and the average cost of living will increase. Since super polluters like China and India have signed the agreement, it seems as if the agreement will be enforced. But President Donald Trump has said he plans to withdraw from the agreement, and if this happens, it is likely many other countries will back out as well. China entered into the agreement at the same time as the U.S. and only when the two compromised. If the U.S. backs out, China will most likely follow, causing about 40 percent of the world’s greenhouse emissions to continue and forcing the agreement to end because of the lack of support from the globe’s largest emitters, including the United States. — Lydia Maxwell

could heat. It would affect rainfall patterns, dry up rivers and greatly increase sea levels along North America’s eastern seaboard. Blair said the sea level is already rising in Florida — beaches in Broward County have undergone massive restoration. The county reported that almost 2 million cubic yards of sand have been replaced due to erosion from rising sea levels. The efforts there are helping, for now, but other places are still at risk. “What’s the world going to be like with the Florida Keys underwater?” Blair asked.

Crescent Magazine | February 2017

u Top 10 greenhouse gas emitters make up more than 70 percent of total emission. u The U.S. and China make up almost 40 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.

The Keys, as well as other islands and low-lying coastal areas, could one day be completely below sea level. As water heats, it expands slightly, and the EPA reported the oceans are rising more than an inch per decade as they warm. With temperatures increasing, it’s no wonder the oceans are warming. NASA and NOAA both reported that the top 10 hottest years on record have happened since 1998. Climate Central, a nonprofit news organization that analyzes and reports on climate science, u Established in1970.

Clean Air Act The air is weighed down with pollutants nearby power plants belch out. Sunshine cannot always reach the ground because of the smog layer and as a result, illnesses and disrepair spread. Enter the Clean Air Act to limit power plant waste and return the sky to blue and the clouds to white. Passed in 1970 and amended in 1977 and 1990, the Clean Air Act was put in place to fight climate change caused by huge amounts of carbon emissions and other pollutants. The act limits the amount of hazardous air pollutants that can be released into the atmosphere by factories and power plants. Between 2003 and 2013, the act reduced mercury emissions by 15 percent and is still phasing out the use of chemicals that contribute to the hole in the ozone layer. It is also being used to combat rising temperatures, which can cause an increase in insect populations that transmit harmful diseases. If the temperature rises, mosquitoes, ticks and fleas will become more of a problem, resulting in an increased

u Meant to signal the beginning of the end of more than 100 years of fossil fuels serving as the primary engine of economic growth.

spread of diseases around the world. Additionally, a rise in temperature would also increase the number of people who suffer from heat stroke and dehydration — even starvation due to droughts. While the act is considered to be a good thing by many, some are still fighting the 47-year-old decision. Many fossil fuel companies complain because the act forces them to clean up their production processes, which means they have to spend money where previously there were no costs. Since the beginning, the act has reduced emissions and helped keep the world and its inhabitants healthy. By enforcing regulations, it will prevent more than 230,000 early deaths related to climate change by 2020. The Clean Air Act makes it possible for you take a deep breath and not choke on heavily polluted air, and allows you to see blue skies. Without it, the world would be a different and darker place. — Lydia Maxwell

u Revised in 1977 and 1990. u Combats a variety of air pollution problems. u Tackles emerging pollution threats. u Emissions dropped 69 percent between 1970 and 2014. u Mercury emissions reduced 45 percent since 1990. u Phased out chemicals that contribute to the hole in the ozone layer.


Where EVV Stands

COVER noted the average temperature is about 33 degrees more than the pre-industrial average. The organization estimates 1 degree of this change is from human activity. And the impact of natural disasters has changed with the climate. An emerging problem has been diseases that strike in the wake of disaster. WHO noted that flooding — often due to hurricanes or rising

u Ohio River topped the list for

global warming into account, it goes up to 60 percent. While mosquitoes are thriving under warming conditions, other creatures are losing their quality of life. NWF reported that flooding, deforestation and drought destroy habitats of countless animals. Polar bears have less space to live and hunt on Arctic sea ice, because ice caps

industrial pollution

in 2013 at more than 24 million pounds.

u That amount is

double what industries pour into the Mississippi River.

sea levels — could contaminate the water supply, increasing the risk of water-borne diseases such as typhoid and cholera. Another problem is the increasing populations of disease-carrying organisms like mosquitoes and ticks. They thrive in warm, wet climates, making flooded tropical areas ideal breeding grounds. And as the climate in the U.S. warms, mosquitoes can survive in new areas. Hochwender said a notable example is the Asian tiger mosquito, which has introduced new diseases to the U.S. The National Wildlife Federation reported the mosquito, which originated in Southeast Asia, carries West Nile virus and the tropical disease dengue fever. NWF estimated 35 percent of people worldwide are at risk for dengue, but taking

are melting. Woodland creatures have fewer and fewer trees to use for food and shelter. Hochwender said due to longer warm seasons birds are losing the ability to sense when to fly south for the winter. And what about humans? At the rate the planet is warming, we could one day be in as much jeopardy as our wildlife — unless we can change our lifestyle enough to make a real difference. WHAT CAN YOU DO? From air quality to disease to animal habitats, the world is being affected by climate change every minute. While it may seem like an impossible issue to conqueror, there are many solutions people can adopt to combat this growing global issue. Most people think of large-scale solu-

Southwest Indiana has some of the WORST AIR in the country.

Indiana ranks FOURTH highest in U.S. in CO2 EMISSIONS.

In southwest Indiana, there are


The top 100 U.S. facilities for toxic air emissions vented more than 270 MILLION POUNDS of chemicals into the air in 2014.

21 of those facilities are on both lists. 4 of those facilities are in

and account for a of Indiana’s air emissions.




The top 100 U.S. facilities for releasing greenhouse gases added more than 1 BILLION METRIC TONS to the atmosphere in 2014.

Indiana has the HIGHEST amount of TOXIC DISCHARGES to bodies of WATER among all states.

Vanderburgh County had higher levels of fine particles than nearly 90 percent of the U.S. counties with air monitors from 2013 to 2015,


INDIANA When it comes to the states that are the most polluted, A I R Indiana is ranked anywhere from first to the ninth worst.

Pick any direction you want and chances are you’ll run into a coal-fired power plant since there are seven of them located within about a 30-mile radius of Evansville. These plants emit millions of pounds of toxic pollution that effect the environment and the air we breathe. While many states have at least one super polluter, the Center for Public Integrity reports that southwest Indiana has four — four plants that throw off massive amounts of greenhouse gases. In fact, as of November 2016, there was more toxic pollution released into our area than in any other midsize or large U.S. city. John Blair, who heads Valley Watch, a local nonprofit that since 1981 has tried to protect the public health and environment, explained that sulfur dioxide escapes from the stacks of power plants and combines with oxygen to form sulfate, a fine particle that enters the atmosphere, then people breathe it in and ultimately it gets into the blood stream. “Fine particles can give people asthma, strokes, cancer and all kinds of health issues that have not been dealt with until this century,” he said. “We are culprits every time we breathe.” Another problem concerns the Ohio River. The river in its totality is the beneficiary of much of the country’s industrial pollution and there are many concerns, some that center around nitrates, which are the result of fertilizer and animal waste runoff from farming that get into the river. “The Ohio River is magnificent,” he said, “but at times, it’s been treated like a sewer.” Weather shifts are also having a greater effect on Evansville. Blair said this includes issues such as the severity of storms, the length of droughts, the amount of rainfall and the fluctuating winter temperatures. “A milder winter here spells disaster for some[where] else,” he said. “It doesn’t hit you immediately. That’s why people deny it and do not worry about it. Places that are relatively cold are becoming warmer.” Blair said that while he is not overly hopeful, he believes people living in the area need to accept that the problems occurring globally are also happening here as well. “Evansville is one of the most docile communities I have ever seen,” he said. “The people here are not concerned with issues that affect their daily lives.” Blair does not know of any new initiatives that might improve the current issues locally, especially with the regulation changes that might occur under the Trump administration. “Everything was turned on its ear [with the Trump election], so I’m not holding out much hope for anything at this point,” he said. “Everything that has been accomplished can be taken away with the swipe of a pen.” — Hannah Rowe

tions and government legislation when thinking about climate change. But each person’s seemingly small individual impact also adds up. While you may not be able to use wind systems to power the lights in your residence hall room, there are simple things students can do to help. The age-old



in the Ohio River have increased from 61 pounds in 2007 to 380 pounds in 2013. slogan “reduce, reuse, recycle” is still at the core of all solutions. Turning off lights and unplugging appliances from outlets when not in use can reduce energy and the electric bill. Turning off the faucet while brushing your teeth and taking shorter showers are simple ways of conserving water. Students can also decrease energy usage by air-drying clothes instead of using the dryer. Waiting to wash clothes until you have a full load and using cold water helps conserve energy and water. The simplest but often overlooked solutions involve walking, biking or carpooling instead of driving alone and buying reusable bags instead of using plastic. And then there is recycling, a cost effective way to preserve natural resources by maintaining space and cutting down landfill use. UE’s recycling program happens to be one of the most underused programs on campus. But Jan Schrader, risk and environmental management manager, said any type of paper, plastic, aluminum and tin cans and toner cartridges can be recycled. Electronics can also be recycled and there are free recycling days where students and staff can recycle any obsolete electronic items they have. Even batteries can be recycled at specific drop-off spots. “It costs money, but it is the right thing to do,” she said, “and I’m glad UE does it.” Although there are almost 100 recycling bins on campus, many students don’t know where they are or make the effort to find them. With recycling stations in 28 of UE’s 31 buildings, the program is single

stream. Most recyclables can be put into one container and Evansville’s recycler, TriState Resource Recovery, sorts the items. While most of the stations are evenly spread throughout campus, the seven residence halls pose a problem. Hughes, Hale and Morton halls only have one recycling bin each. Schroeder and Moore halls have four and Powell has six. Brentano has none.

u 15 to 37 percent of plant and animal species could be

wiped out by 2050.

Since residence halls are where students spend most of their time and generate the most waste, having more bins per building would be more convenient for students. Ease is an important factor when trying to get people to form a habit and learning to recycle is changing one’s habits. “It’s about communication and awareness,” Schrader said. “We really need student awareness and participation to make

it a great program. It is a good program, but it could be a really great one.” While Powell has a well-organized recycling area, with bins labeled according to what each should hold, that’s not the case with most. Better signage, along with more bins in residence halls, could greatly improve campus involvement in recycling. “I would like to have consistent bins and

u Droughts

caused by global

warming could dry up 90 percent of central U.S. wetlands. signage throughout the campus,” Schrader said. “I would love for it to be obvious, where you know you are in a recycling area and you know what to do.” Schrader said volunteering with the recycling program is the biggest thing students can do besides recycling their own items. While work-study students handle UE’s program, there are opportunities for others.

RECYCLING GLASS Recycling one glass jar saves enough electricity to light an 11-watt CFL bulb for 20 hours.

PLASTIC Americans throw away 2.5 million plastic bottles every hour. Recycling one ton of plastic bottles saves as much energy as a two-person household for a year.


Recycling a stack of newspapers 3-feet high saves ONE tree.

There is so much we can save by recycling and yet we throw away pounds of waste and plastic every second.


of discarded materials in the U.S. are recycled.

ORGANIC Almost half the food in the U.S. goes to waste — 3,000 pounds per second.

PAPER Americans throw away enough office paper each year to build a 12-foot high wall from Seattle to New York.


It takes 95% less water to recycle an aluminum can than to make a new one. SYDNEY BLESSINGER

Crescent Magazine | February 2017


Another way to get involved is through the national Recyclemania Tournament,which has been under way since the beginning of the month and continues through March. Schools across the country compete for honors in a number of categories. About 350 schools collected more than 79 million pounds of recyclables and food organics last year. “My goal is to raise awareness during that time period,” Schrader said. “I have never really been in it to win.” Another group working to better the environment is the Environmental Concerns Organization, which tries to solve campus environmental problems. Senior Tyler Wintermute said the goal of the organization is to improve the community’s environmental outlook any way it can. “Any sort of environmentally beneficial activity on campus, even if it is another organization’s, we want to reach out and make it possible,” he said. ECO is developing a campus compost plan started by former students of Philosophy 316, “Environmental Ethics,” a course dealing with a form of philosophy that considers how humans interact with their natural environment and nonhuman animals. Eventually, ECO hopes to propose an environmental sustainability plan to UE officials as a long-term option. Several groups, including Sodexo, are on board with the idea. Sodexo happens to be one of the biggest promoters of the campus environmental fight. General manager William Haliburton said Sodexo already does things like bale cardboard that the city picks up and donates leftover food to a local rescue mission. They also recycle the oil from their deep fryers and don’t use trays. “We are open to different avenues on how to be more environmentally conscious,” Haliburton said. “It is part of our duty.” He also said Sodexo is always looking for ways to make positive environmental impacts

Americans use127% more today than in 1950.


u 10 gallons are used for a 5-minute shower u 40 gallons are used for a bath

and one idea is to get rid of Styrofoam to-go containers and switch to reusable ones that will be washed and reused daily. There are other organizations working on smaller project solutions. Wintermute said Moore Hall is the only hall to have a sustainability committee that helps residents stay aware of ways to be eco-friendly.


UE made the commitment to build “green” when it remodeled sections of the School of Business Administration. It continued its commitment with the green-certified Ridgway Center, which opened in late 2008, and the men’s basketball facility in 2013. “As a university, we have made it one of our goals to reduce our carbon footprint in any way we can,” former President Stephen Jennings said in 2008. “We are backing up that commitment with action.” While many believe there are more things that can be done in Ridgway, it is an environmentally friendly building. It was designed to save energy and its bathrooms have water-saving, dual-flush handles to conserve water. Many Ridgway rooms and offices also have motion-sensors to shut off lights when not in use. UE also supports the eco-friendly, bike share program, Upgrade Bike Share, sponsored by the city. Riders pay an hourly rate or become members to rent bikes. There are seven stations throughout Evansville, including the Walnut station near the basketball practice facility. Whether it’s seemingly insignificant like the direction you move a toilet handle or a campuswide program like recycling, everyone can help lessen climate change and be eco-friendly. Some may seem inconvenient, but once you get in the habit of doing them, they only make sense to do. While doing our individual parts will definitely make a difference, Reisetter believes activism is the key to any significant global change. “Not only do we need to make personal changes, but we need to get out there and let the government and our electric companies know what we think,” she said. Reisetter suggests that students write to their utility companies, Congressmen and women and state representatives since letters from

Paying the Tab What price would you put on the world? According to the White House budget for climate change, in 2014 that figure was about $11.6 billion. That is an improvement over the $2.4 billion that was dished out in 1993. If organizations need funding for something related to climate change, it has to fall under one of these categories — technology that will help reduce emissions, science to better understand what climate change is and international aid for developing countries. If funds are needed but do not relate to these categories, the money will have to be found elsewhere. Funding for these categories has been increasing by millions since 2013. In order to increase the amount of clean energy technology used inside the U.S., the government approved a budget of more than $6 million to be put into use during 2014 and the Environmental Protection Agency received $145 million. With the amount used for climate change, you would think there would be more progress in the field. For national organizations that need funding, they can turn to the EPA’s Science to Achieve Results, which provides grants related to environmental science. STAR is focused on research involved with air pollution. It gives millions of dollars to organizations researching new technologies that will reduce emissions and pollutants. The government spends millions each year in the name of climate change, but not much has changed. Technologies that have been found to help reduce emissions related to climate change — like windmills and solar panels — still cost thousands of dollars. With such high costs, these tools are

u 2 gallons per minute are used for brushing teeth with the tap running u 3 gallons are used for one toilet flush

concerned voters can be influential. In order for long-term, worldwide changes to occur, they need to happen at the utility and policy level. “We can go out and put solar panels on our houses all we want, but that won’t fix the global problem,” she said. “We can go out and be more energy efficient to the extent we can. But when it comes to changing energy, activism matters.” —Stephanie Hunt also contributed to this story

going largely unused, as the average American cannot afford them. With the amount of money awarded each year, the cost of tools used to combat climate change may decrease or there may even be new, more affordable technologies available in the years to come, thanks to the increasing amount of funding the government has given each year. —Lydia Maxwell


Two students are discovering new energy sources to clean up the world.




Climate change and the green energy movement are important topics that go hand in hand. While some still believe that climate change does not exist, for them there is no urgent need for green energy. But for those who do believe, then the research being performed by two UE students is necessary for sustaining the planet as they work to find a cleaner alternative. Under the direction of Tod Thananatthanachon, assistant professor of chemistry, seniors Andrea Onyett and Matt Abele have been working for years on a research project related to green energy. The research is focused on converting biomass into biofuel. The duo’s goal is to successfully make a biofuel that can replace fossil fuels and be more efficient than previous energy resources. The energy substitute would produce less toxic waste than current energy sources, allow new ways to retrieve biofuel chemicals and would also be a renewable resource, unlike fossil fuels. Thananatthanachon said the reasoning behind this focus was his interest in green chemical energy and finding a way to make more efficient energy, which would help the world become a cleaner place. With room for extra help in the lab on the research, he allowed Abele, a professional chemistry major, and Onyett, a double major in pro-

Crescent Magazine | February 2017

fessional chemistry and chemistry, to fill the positions starting in their freshman year. They have been working on this research ever since. “They have been really hardworking,” Thananatthanachon said. “They have worked on this since their freshman year and that just shows how much effort they have put into this.” While both students are working on the same project, Onyett and Abele work independently

and focus on different aspects and catalysts of the research. Abele is working on using readily available sugars that come from different plants while Onyett is using ruthenium and nickel as potential sources of energy. Onyett’s decision to use ruthenium and nickel is based off previous research, which proved that these elements are more reactive — more likely to create energy when combined — and are more cost effective than other elements available, making them perfect candidates for Onyett’s side of the project. The only other elements that appear possible as fuel substitutes are iron and cobalt. Abele is taking a slightly different approach, and instead of using specific elements, he is using readily available sugars such as glucose that can be found in plants. The sugars being used are found in any plant — including dead trees, bushes and cornstalks, just to name a few. “We have made a significant discovery and, hopefully, it will be published in the spring (semester),” Thananatthanachon said. With their success, the team could make a serious impact on the green energy movement. It may not be right away, but Abele is confident the idea will catch on and trigger others to develop technologies that run on these types of biofuel. With success, other people could very well follow in their footsteps and further the research or trigger them to try different catalysts. And this research will help give the green movement a jumpstart. If their research is successful, the biofuel created could replace many nonrenewable resources, including traditional gasoline. This would help reduce the carbon being emitted into the atmosphere and positively effect climate change. The idea that someday there will not be a need for fossil fuels is an exciting one. Without people who work determinedly and actively for change, this research cannot get far. Abele said he wanted everyone to know that researching is not easy; that even in failure, there is always something to help them move forward. “You can’t have the mind-set of giving up,” Abele said.


Fossil fuels are running low and this is an alternative.”




AT T E N T I O N Class of 2017


COMMENCEMENT CENTRAL! Your one-stop shopping for everything graduation!

• Register for graduation with the Registrar’s office. • Purchase your cap and gown and order announcements from the UE Bookstore. • Learn more about alumni benefits from the Office of Alumni & Parent Relations. • Gain career guidance from the Center for Career Development. • Learn about the Senior Gift for the Class of 2017. Two chances to prepare…

wednesday, FEB. 22 4–6 p.m. •••

thursday, FEB. 23 11 a.m.– 2 p.m. Ridgway University Center

OFFICE OF ALUMNI & PARENT RELATIONS Stay Connected… Igleheart Building • 812.488–2586 •

February 2017 | Crescent Magazine



Relationships take up a lot of time and effort. It’s kind of like taking a care of a pet or, as one woman described it in a New York Times article, “taking a four-credit class.” Let’s not forget what that usually entails: a lecture and a lab. That is five hours a week you could be spending on something else, like socializing with friends or earning extra cash. Those options seem like a better way to spend time than listening to some Romeo trying to “wax poetic” to you. For others, hooking up is a violation of ageold courting rituals that became outdated when our parents were dating. But let’s hear out these people preaching the evils of hookup culture; they may have some interesting arguments. Christianity Today had an entertaining article about myths feminists perpetuate. One myth is that all women go to college to get a career and become independent. To me, this seems ridiculous. Of course women go to college to get a career and become independent. This delightful article states a woman’s goal should not be to become financially independent, but to fit the role of being a chaste woman waiting patiently for a man to come along and marry her. Seriously? College women are too busy to wait around for anyone. A woman by the name of Ms. Patton had a clear argument I found repeatedly in articles about the dangers of the hookup culture. In The New York Times she wrote that this culture damages women’s chances of finding a husband while in college. For most of us, the reason we attend college is to get a degree. I know this may be hard to believe, but we are not paying high tuition costs just to find a man. The Ms. Patton’s of the world seem to think hookups are getting in the way of students’ opportunities to make meaningful, lifelong relationships and are making young people sexcrazed and deprived. Works for me. Actually, studies have shone that hookup culture may discourage young people from having sex. Joshua Grubb, a Bowling Green State researcher, said our generation is having less sex than the generations that have come before us. I think that a lot of people have problems with hookup culture because they think women are the victims. Sure, there are instances where men take advantage of women. And we know alcohol plays a part a lot of the time, making consent a fuzzy boundary one shouldn’t cross. But if the hookup happens between two consenting, sober adults, then what is the issue? The word purity was also thrown around a lot in many of the articles I read, as if women in this day and age don’t have the right to do what they want with their bodies.

Crescent Magazine | February 2017


THE HAPPY HOOKING UP For some, the hookup is an easy way to get out one’s urges without ever having to buy flowers or meet the parents. Interestingly, some people are just orientare easy to use and allow people to analyze poed toward hookups. Zhana Vrangalova, who tential matches without ever having to meet runs the Casual Sex Project, said these peothem in person. In a Huffington Post article ple are called sociosexuals. She added that caabout Tinder, Helen Fisher, a biological anthrosual sex has a lot of benepologist, said millennials may fits. It can improve a person’s take more time to choose a self-confidence, sexual freepartner due to dating apps. But dom and satisfaction. It just when we do settle down, our comes down to how a person marriages will be happier since goes into a hookup relationwe are smarter about whom ship. If you’re going in looking we want to spend the rest of for something long-term, you our lives with and have taken are not going to find it. the time to get to know them. Though not the first time, Today’s hookup culture is hookup culture was exemalso known for its use of emoplified in 2014 by the familjis. The classic string of eggiar phrase, “20 minutes into plant, peach, hand pointing, Netflix and chill.” Though the “OK” symbol and volcano emomeme in its hay-day seemed jis is just one example of how LEA ARNOLD to be an amazing piece of cohumans are visual creatures. medic satire, and it has since joined the pantheThe visual is everything. There’s a stark conon of memes one can now only enjoy ironically, trast between someone sending an emoji that such as “Doge” and “Crave that Mineral.” looks like a penis and someone just sending the When one thinks about it, the logistics of word “penis.” Fisher said emoji users have more “Netflix and Chill” are a bit sketchy. We all know sex, go on more dates and are more likely to get the horror that is Netflix’s selection of films married. This information is pretty surprising and TV shows. How can two people decide on since everyone wants to murder that one dude something to watch in the first place? A more who sends 50 eggplant emojis in a row. realistic example of the meme would be “Try to For some, hookups are a part of life. For othdecide on a movie for 45 minutes before giving ers, hookups are not their cup of tea. It is a perup and then having sex.” Just saying. son’s choice whether they want to deal with For millennials, hookups are linked with so“wyd?” and sexy Snapchats. But remember this: cial media. Dating apps are a central way for if you are having casual sex, make sure to use people to meet. Apps like Tinder and OkCupid protection and get tested regularly.









Have you ever walked out of a movie and instantly wanted to watch it again, but didn’t want to cough up the cash? Or wanted to watch some obscure flick that fell off of Netflix months ago? If that’s the case, hop online and go to This free site allows you to watch movies or TV shows, no matter the age. From “Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them” to classic Jackie Chan movies to “Moana,” 123Movies supplies all genres. For those who don’t have a movie in mind, the home page has several categories listed, such as top rated or popular, to help you decide which one is for you. Like all online streaming websites, there are pop-up ads when you start the movie, but exit the ad once and you’re good to go without further interruptions. Unlike similar websites, most of the films have the option to stream in HD on both your laptop and gaming consoles. So the next time you want to watch something that Netflix doesn’t have, just pop over to 123Movies and browse to your heart’s content.

If you are a seasoned traveler, you know that going through airport security is the worst part. There are tough restrictions that leave you wondering how you will be able to pack everything. Of course, these restrictions are necessary to keep everyone safe but some people choose not to take note of what is restricted and pack the craziest items. While not always funny, TSA’s Instagram account gives an inside look into what they have found in passenger’s luggage. TSA shared an image of a knife found in a carry-on bag adorned with flames and gothic dragons. While the account poked fun at the decorated knife, they also included a reminder that items like it are prohibited. The account mostly posts pictures of the various confiscated items along with a meme-type joke and also a reminder of what not to pack. So next time you are unsure of what you can take on an airplane, it is better to call TSA or visit its website before winding up on its Instagram page, even if it might provide a laugh.

What would happen if medieval history’s greatest warriors met on the same battlefield? Ubisoft Montreal has the answer. “For Honor: The Faction War“ is the latest hack and slash video game and pits vikings, knights and samurai against one other in an allout battle to the death. The game features a hand-to-hand combat system described as “The Art of Battle” and the narrative is simple. The villain, Apollyon, and her warring Blackstone legion want to kick off a conflict that will last a millennium. At the beginning of the game, the player plays as the knight’s warden and throughout the game controls both a viking’s raider and a samurai’s serpent. The campaign can be played both solo or co-op mode. “For Honor” includes an extensive multiplayer section, which includes many different modes — one-on-one duel, two-on-two brawls and all out war mode with four against four. In these modes knights, samurai and vikings can fight side by side. The game came out Feb. 14 for PlayStation 4, Xbox One and PC.

Tattoos, while being one of the ultimate forms of self-expression, are also a big what-if. Many people who want to permanently mark their skin are worried about how a design may look in a certain spot or sizing options. But the InkHunter app is the perfect solution for tattoo virgins and veterans alike. Through your smartphone’s camera, the app shows tattoo designs on your skin in real time. First, you need to draw a simple smiley face on the desired location on your body. This is registered by the app, which displays your uploaded design or one from its gallery on the screen. InkHunter expands the process of planning a tattoo and ensures you are confident in your decision and is available for free for Apple and android. Tattoo artists can also benefit from the app by uploading their own designs and Instagram links for others to view and use, and pictures from the app can make communication between artist and client easier. Now the only question left is whether your mother will approve.



“Ultimate Beastmaster,” a new competition series, is premiering Feb. 24 and is produced by Sylvester Stallone and Dave Broome. This show will interest those who enjoy “Wipeout” and “American Ninja Warrior.” It is an international competition where each competitor takes on the most demanding obstacle courses created to earn the title Beastmaster, and it will be hosted in the U.S., Brazil, South Korea, Mexico, Germany and Japan. In the final episode of the 10-episode series, the winners from each episode will compete to become the Ultimate Beastmaster. Also coming out Feb. 24 is the crime thriller “I

Don’t Feel at Home in This World Anymore.” The movie follows Ruth Kimke, a depressed woman played by Melanie Lynskey, as she tracks down thieves with her obnoxious neighbor, Tony, played by Elijah Wood. The pair are out of their depth as what seemed like a burglary becomes something larger. Another Marvel Netflix series, Iron Fist, premieres March 17. Iron Fist, aka Danny Rand, is played by Finn Jones. The season will follow Rand as he returns home to New York after a 15-year absence and tries to balance running his family’s company and protecting the citizens of New York.

February 2017 | Crescent Magazine


ON THE CHEAP Freebies, coupons & other inexpensive stuff. GOOD BEER MAKES THE BURGERS BETTER When looking for a cool drink and a good burger try TIN MAN BREWING CO. You can get all of their core pitchers of beer for half price on Thursdays, which are also called burger days, so you can get specials on those too. Tin Man is a quick trip downtown to 1430 W. Franklin St. Get some great food with a delicious, inexpensive beer to quench your thirst.

DISCOUNTS The Evansville Civic Theatre, 717 N. Fulton Ave., is the place to go to enjoy the arts. Tickets are only $12 for students, while adults are $18. To see all the shows they have to offer this season go to LOCAL SAVINGS


WENDY’S seems to have something for everyone and now the Lincoln location has something additional for us — a 10 percent discount when you show your UE ID. It isn’t far from campus when you want a quick bite that isn’t Ridgway, plus it provides a change of pace.



Bowling is a great way to have fun with your friends and now it costs less. RIVER CITY RECREATION, 1050 S. Weinbach, offers a special deal for UE students. By showing your UE ID you can get free shoe rental. Games only cost $3.75 after 6 p.m. Fridays and all day Saturday and Sunday.


Crescent Magazine | February 2017


SECRET You do not have to purchase the Sunday newspaper in order to get coupons. Instead, you can go online and print them. At COUPONDIVAS.COM you can get coupons that are available to print or download. Unlike many other websites made for deals and savings, this one does not require you to sign up. Once on the website just start looking for coupons for what you want and click on them. The site mainly offers deals for grocery items, but it also has many other offers as well. There are several categories that coupons can be grouped into so it is even easier than sifting through that newspaper. Just go to the site to check out what is available and start printing your coupons today.


a v i D Deal t he

Unidays is the place to go for students that are searching for lots of discounts. This website and app — a free download from the Play and App Stores — has many benefits just for students to places that usually do not offer deals. Businesses like Rue 21, Puma, Express, Urban Outfitters and iTunes are just a few companies that Unidays is partners with. You just need to sign-up and download the app and you can begin saving, but there are other offers besides good discounts. On top of the savings, students can receive tips and tricks, upcoming sale announcements and recipes just for having the app. There are also quick, daily games people can play to win even more discounts or prizes. These deals can be used both online and in-store, so you do not even have to leave the comfort of your dorm room to save. Unidays offers many trends that students will find exciting. So go and check out this app and see all the discounts you have been missing out on. It is quick, easy and worth it.

BEAUTY SAMPLES provides many beauty products from moisturizers to perfumes to men’s stuff. And the beauty of the site is that you get three free samples with a purchase.

EVV: HIDDEN TREASURES The DREAM CAR MUSEUM offers a new way to spend an afternoon besides sitting in your dorm room all day. The museum offers an extensive variety of new, exotic and vintage cars, and it is free. There are more than 60 vehicles on display, which include classic cars, trucks, muscle cars, bikes and more. Just a few displays include a Model A Ford, a ’57 Chevy BelAir and even a Lamborghini, to name a few. The museum is part of Bennett Motors and is located at 2400 Heidelbach Ave. If you have any interest in cool cars, old automotive memorabilia or just want a different way to spend the day, then this is definitely a great place to check out.



STOP SAYING YOU ARE A DIE-HARD FAN While you might view yourself as a true fan, chances are you really aren’t. You’re what’s called a bandwagon fan. Bandwagon fans are ruining true fan bases. Who are these novices? They are the groups of fans who only cheer for winning teams or successful players. They are sometimes called fair-weather or front-runner fans. They have little to no knowledge of the winning team or its players and pick a new one to cheer for every year, depending on how the season is going. They also follow star players who may have played for multiple teams throughout their careers. A bandwagon fan of the NBA would have been a fan of the Heat, Spurs, Warriors and Cavaliers for the past four seasons. I have a favorite team in most every sport and reasons as to why they are my favorite teams. I watch the Cincinnati Reds with my dad, follow the New Orleans Saints with my mom and started following the Pittsburgh Penguins when a friend got me into hockey. For basketball, I am a proud Golden State Warriors fan. No, I did not join the fandom as a bandwagon fan. I’ve been rooting for them for years. The Warriors became my team when I was 9 years old. Their coach was Mike Montgomery, their best player was Baron Davis and they drafted 19-year-old Monta Ellis. Evansville native and Indiana alumnus Calbert Cheaney was still playing for the Warriors at the time. I followed them because they were the randomly selected team I just happened to play on the video game “NBA Live.” Of course, the virtual Warriors won the championship. In real life, Golden State went 34-48 in 2005 and missed the playoffs for the 12th season in a row. Today, the Warriors fan base is full of bandwagon fans. The team won the NBA Championship in 2015 but lost to Cleveland in 2016. Guard Steph Curry was the unanimous pick for the league’s MVP. The Warriors also signed Kevin Durant during this offseason. Their recent success has led to fans “jumping on the bandwagon” and becoming Warriors fans. I stay with the teams I support and do not trade allegiances because my teams are playing poorly. The Warriors made the playoffs once in my first seven years of following them. Other major bandwagon fans have come from following the career of superstar LeBron James. When the two-time MVP decided to leave Cleveland and suit up for the Miami Heat in 2010, bandwagon fans could be found all over South Beach. In true Jimmy Kimmel fashion, he interviewed Heat “fans” on the streets of Miami during the 2014 NBA Finals. Those interviewed knew nothing about the team. Kimmel’s crew made up questions regarding fake players and the fans fell for it, talking highly about players who didn’t exist. This


was the same game where several Heat fans thought the game was over and according to SB Nation, left Game 6 during the fourth quarter. The Heat came back to win the game and those fans were not allowed to re-enter the arena to watch the comeback. The Heat ended up winning the title. James returned to Cleveland in 2014 and brought his bandwagon with him. In the four years that James was in Miami, Cleveland averaged about 17,000 fans per home game, according to the Association for Professional BasMATT REED ketball Research. The Quicken Loans Arena, home of the Cavaliers, has a 20,500-seat capacity. Once LeBron returned to Cleveland, the arena sold out every game. Bandwagon fans are those who only follow a player like James. They are the group that is diluting the fan base. And James did not set a good example for his fans after last season. Why? Because he became a bandwagon fan during the World Series playoff run. James had been a longtime New York Yankees fan. According to Forbes, he even supported the Yankees when they faced off against the Indians in the 2007 playoffs. This was before his four years in Miami and he taunted the Indian’s losing streak then, but joined up when they started to win. On the winning side, the world champion Chicago Cubs gained some fans of their own. Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton showed her Chicago pride after the Cubs won Game 7 of the World Series. Clinton grew up in Chicago and told the Washington Times she had been a Cubs fan her whole life — except for when she moved to New York and, like James, became a Yankees fan. The Washington Times said she too was tired of the Cubs losing every year. It just shows you that bandwagon fans can be found anywhere. This is not a difficult request. Pick a team to root for, whatever the reasons may be, and stick with them. It does not matter if you like the team at first because they have cool uniforms. As long as you stick with the team, you are not part of the problem. There are too many casual sports fans that end up rooting for teams or players once they start winning or are having a really good season. It is fine to admit you are not a big sports fan and want to root for winners. But do not try to pretend like you have always been a fan of the team whose jersey you recently bought online at Fanatics. It discounts when the rest of us are truly loyal.


February 2017 | Crescent Magazine



Personal goals are one thing, but being able to make lifelong friends along the way is something special.”


A small town guy makes a big splash his first season as an Ace. This season, he is ready to take on anything in his way. MATT|REED Firth, Neb., is about 40 minutes south of Lincoln and has a population of about 600. It is roughly the size of four city blocks and is where second baseman Trey Hair was born and raised. It is also where he learned to play baseball. “Firth is about as small town as it gets,” he said, “There are no stoplights, a couple restaurants and everyone waves when they drive by each other.” Playing baseball since childhood, Hair was a star player for his high school team. He hit .495 his senior season and led his team to its first state championship. He then headed to the MVC’s Missouri State but found the program was not a good fit for him and ended up transferring to Fort Scott (Kan.) Community College. He spent a year there and the program was different than what he expected it would be.

Crescent Magazine | February 2017

“Playing JUCO was a real shock,” he said. “It practiced and played like a [NCAA Division I program]. I got to get to know the coaches and players, including current UE player [catcher] Andrew Tanous. I was a big fan of the small town setting at Fort Scott.” After playing summer ball several years ago with some former UE players, the word made its way back to coach Wes Carroll that he might want to take a look at the talented hitter. “Coach never actually got to see me play before UE,” Hair said. “He trusted his guys and took a chance on me.” That chance led to Hair having an impressive season after he transferred to UE last year. “Anytime a player leaves the MVC, you follow where he goes,” Carroll said. “We knew he would be a good fit for us and would be an im-

pact player the moment he stepped on campus.” Hair definitely had an immediate impact. While he is not a really big guy, Hair is blessed with natural talent and the ability to connect a bat with a baseball. He hit .340 last season, having 73 hits, which included 20 doubles, 10 home runs and 42 runs batted in. He was also named to the all-MVC second team. “He’s a very talented baseball player,” Carroll said. “Trey competes at a high level and is an all-conference type of player. The game slows down for his instincts to take over. That’s what makes him a special player.” As a senior, Hair said this year he is looking forward to passing on advice he learned from last year’s leaders. He also wants to make sure his teammates are having fun and getting the job done and stay> Trey Hair ing focused on the field. > Baseball Carroll describes him > Senior as a glue kind of guy that keeps the team to> Second baseman gether. > Firth, Neb. “He’s not shy about voicing his opinion and feeds off his emotion, which hurts him at times but helps a lot more times,” he said. “Younger guys look up to him. He is a leader by example.” All players have their own routines they stick to during a game. Hair’s comes before every time he steps up to bat. He’s superstitious — like all baseball players are — and finds it necessary to tap his bat three times on the tip of his cleats before he is ready to swing. To Hair, three is the magic number. He has been wearing the number 3 since he was a boy playing in Firth. But it was not necessarily because of his first name. “I was a big NASCAR fan as a kid and Dale Earnhardt Sr. was my favorite driver,” Hair said. “The number 3 kind of came naturally to me with my name and all.” While practice has been underway for quite a while, Hair is concentrating on making the season a winning one but will have to wait to see if his baseball career continues professionally. But if it doesn’t, he is not too concerned. “If baseball doesn’t work out, I’ll probably move back home and teach,” he said. “Me and a buddy of mine back home have this dream of opening up a day care in Firth.”



bring IT BACK

The only thing we miss from grade school more than naps is recess. Those 15 to 20 minutes a day of getting to run around were precious. We got to play with our friends or by ourselves, letting our little legs move and imaginations soar. Just a few minutes every day to relax, play games, climb on jungle gyms, and mess around with friends. It lets our brains rest for a little while and is an excuse to take a break from coursework. It also encourages us to get those 60 minutes of physical activity in. Just imagine it — people playing kickball, dodgeball, red rover or countless other recess games we used to play. We can pretend to be kids again and run over our fingers on those little scooters or duck and hide under the parachute or sit on top of the monkey bars. If we can bring back naps in college, we should be able to bring back recess, too.

POPPIN’ BOTTLES No one likes having to wait for that glass of wine. It takes awhile to find the corkscrew or maybe you just do not have one. And how are they useful — most of the time you end up breaking the cork anyway. Once that happens, there is no way to open that bottle of wine, short of breaking it. But luckily there are other ways to open that bottle, and they are cheap, too.


LIFE HACK 1. Hammer a nail into the cork. Pull on it using the back of the hammer, like you would to remove a nail. 2. Twist a screw into the cork, then put a fork underneath it and use leverage, like with a hammer and nail. 3. As a last resort, put keys in sideways and twist.

GO for the GOLD

un dia en el pariso

Stave off those winter blues and escape to paradise with this flavorful cocktail. The Cointreau and Limoncello create a summery citrus blend, and the grenadine adds just a touch of sweetness to round it off. HGTV.COM says to pour the Limoncello, vodka and Cointreau in a shaker with ice, shake for 20 seconds and then pour into a fluted glass. Fill the rest of the glass with Prosecco, and then add a splash of grenadine before stirring gently. For garnish, if desired, add a maraschino cherry.

ingredients: Bottle of Prosecco |

> The “Bog Standard” is the fastest toilet in the world. Owned by Edd China of Milan, it is a motorcycle and sidecar disguised as a bathroom set that can reach 42 miles per hour. > Xie Qiuping of China holds the record for the longest recorded hair. It was measured on May 8, 2004, at 18 feet 5.54 inches. > Dovilio Nardi, Andrea Mannocchi, Marco Nardi, Matteo Nardi and Matteo Giannotte made the largest pizza ever on Dec. 13, 2012, in Rome. Nicknamed “Ottavia,” it had a surface area of 13,580.28 feet squared. > Creme Puff, a cat owned by Jake Perry of Austin, Texas, lived for 38 years and three days.

> Kenichi Ito of Japan ran 100 meters on all fours in just 18.58 seconds in 2008. > The hardest tongue twister according to Guinness Book of World Records is “the sixth

1/2 oz. Limoncello | 1/2 oz. vodka | 1/2 oz. Cointreau | grenadine


“Love is the most durable power in the world.”

< Martin Luther King Jr.


sick sheik’s sixth sheep’s sick.”


It is all right if you feel that you are constantly misspelling words. In the making of Webster’s 1996 dictionary about 315 entries were misspelled.

France is the only place where you can marry the dead. The practice came from World War I when sweethearts would tie the knot with their fallen lovers.

Most fears we hear about are learned or influenced by the culture or environment around us. But everyone is born afraid of falling and loud noises.

February 2017 | Crescent Magazine


people tweet

THE DAMNDEST THINGS If you give a man a fish he’ll eat for a day but if you teach a kid how to make Poptarts your job as a parent is pretty much done. —@DaddyJew Red Bull and vodka. Because you want to be wide awake for this mistake. — @_troyjohnson Cut the shit ladies: I’ve seen tons of tampon commercials and having your period looks like an absolute blast. — @Fun_Beard By the time he was my age, Lee Harvey Oswald had already shot a president. I haven’t even shot a normal person. — @meganamram My enemies are gonna be so sorry if I ever get out of this bean bag chair. — @bourgeoisalien I’m smart but not “know when to stop eating” smart. — @juneohara65 Can anyone recommend to me a few thousand books on hoarding? — @badbanana


Things that PISS us off DIFFICULT GEN EDS


Professors need to relax. It’s just a general elec-

The worst part about grocery shopping isn’t ac-

tive. We both know I’m only here because I have to be. So how is it so much harder to

tually driving to Target — it’s going home only to remember all the things you forgot. Even

complete this course than my major courses? Aren’t general courses meant to only broaden my horizons anyway? Professors who teach

though we all make lists, inevitably something always gets left behind. Next time you go to the grocery store, try marking off items on your list

100 level gen eds need to lighten up.

as you put them in your shopping cart.



Professors are required to have 10 office hours

In some courses, your textbook is used every

per week, but it seems like the only requirement is to schedule those hours. If I don’t show up to class enough my grade will be penalized, but if professors decide to dip on office hours then I’m out of luck. I have to be in their class three hours a week, the least they could do is show up to answer my questions.

day. In others it just lays around collecting dust all semester, reminding you daily of the money you spent. It seems like no matter what there is always a textbook requirement for a course, and there’s no way of knowing before the semester starts if you’ll need it or not. Professors, tell us up front if we actually need the book.

Be smarter than a 5TH GRADER Accidently close an important tab in CHROME? No need to panic. You can easily restore a recently closed tab by either using the keyboard shortcut of control, shift, T or by right clicking the tab strip, the top of your internet window, and selecting “reopen closed tab.” With the revised alcohol policy going into effect, it is important to know what your alcohol consumption limit is, even if you are having a sober friend watch your consumption. One-way to test yourself is the ONE-LEG STAND TEST: hold your foot about six inches above the ground for 30 seconds. If you can’t keep your balance, there is a good chance you’re drunk. If you need a microphone in a pinch and you have EARBUDS, you’re in luck. Ear buds and microphones both use vibrations in the air to create or receive sound. This means if you plug your earbuds into the microphone jack on your laptop, it can work as a microphone. The quality might not be great, but in a pinch, it gets the job done. Is it true that humans only use 10 PERCENT OF THEIR BRAINS? Actually this is not true at all. Since our brains control unconscious activities, like breathing and blood flow, in addition to conscious ones, such as pouring a cup of coffee and taking notes in class, 100 percent of the brain is stimulated at some point during the day. So we may not realize that we use our whole brain, but we do.

There are other ways to signify being taken than a wedding ring. In Hawaii, wearing a flower over the left ear means that a woman has a partner.

Crescent Magazine | February 2017

Besides protecting your eyes, sunglasses also make people look more attractive by giving the illusion of facial symmetry and chiseled bone structure.

The wedding custom for the bride to stand on the left comes from the tradition of marriage by capture when the groom had to fight off other suitors.

Elephants are at an extremely low risk of cancer because they have an abundance of a protein called p53, which is a tumor suppressor.






When Lisa Kretz, assistant professor of philosophy, was a child going to the beach with her mother was a fun outing but it was also where she learned to care about the environment. Picking up trash along the shore became a part of the excursion, and through this cleanup effort and others, she became aware and in awe of nature. Ultimately, protecting the environment became a part of who she is today and it is something she believes everyone needs to be concerned with. “It’s important to celebrate nature and to recognize that the environment is the most important issue of our time,” Kretz said. “There will be no more human beings if we don’t take care of it.” Kretz’s celebration of nature continues today. She faithfully researches environmental issues and ethics, which allows her to share her passion along with relevant information with her students. “She’s obviously really well read,” sophomore Anna Jean Stratman said. “[In class, she] talks about a lot of different ethicists and she provides her perspectives on them.” Kretz has devoted her academic life to the environment. She specializes in environmental ethics, a form of philosophy that considers the ways humans interact with their natural environment and nonhuman animals. She explained that an anthropocentric person only cares about fellow human beings, but a non-anthropocentric person cares about nonhumans as well. Since people have the ability to harm or help what is happening in the world today, getting students to become emotional about the environment is what Kretz tries to instill in students. She


said climate change affects everyone differently, but as keepers of the planet society needs to minimize damage to protect it. She explained that people need to set achievable goals to eventually make bigger goals and that it is fine to be upset or angry about things, but it also requires action. “We still have to protect the environment because we can’t exist without it,” Kretz said. “Being stuck in despair is not helpful. It’s important to engage emotion. I want students to identify these problems.” Kretz urges students to act on various envi-

ronmental issues. She wants them to take their desire to help beyond graduation. Her hope is that they will continue on and pursue jobs that deal with environmental issues. Stratman said Kretz’s message is a powerful one. “She has a rich perspective with a lot of knowledge,” she said. “She’s very inspiring and passionate. She’s a really great teacher. She lets us speak for ourselves and challenges us, too.” Kretz said she wants students to identify what it is they care about and then do something about it. She believes the key to activism is to find something that motivates a person so he or she will have strong feelings for what inspires them. “I want them to get a firmer ground as to why they believe what they believe and defend it,” she said. Today, people see things affecting the environment in various ways. Kretz said we commonly see things like an increase in temperature, the extinction of species and glacial melts. Despite these issues, many people still get caught up in whether or not climate change is actually happening. Kretz thinks one reason why climate change does not get the attention it deserves has a lot to do with the despair people associate with climate change. She said people do not want to engage in something this crippling. “They tend to have an attitude like, ‘I’m not going to pay attention because I can’t do anything,’” she said. But Kretz said it is important to act individually. Even taking small steps is a huge step. Kretz will continue to champion the environment, teaching why society needs to respect the planet and realize that human actions have the ability to harm or benefit. “Talk to people,” she said. “Spread the word. Make this a concern.” With climate change becoming more of a global issue, she believes a strong call for the public to get involved is needed. “We’re addicted to energy use as a species,” Kretz said. “We need to think differently. The future welfare of the environment hangs on future generations. Great things are possible when we put our minds to it.”


We still have to protect the environment because we can’t exist without it.”

February 2017 | Crescent Magazine


WEEKLY EVENTS • Catholic Mass 1 p.m. Sundays, Neu Chapel • Confession 12:30 p.m., Sundays, Neu Chapel (before Mass) • Volunteering Ronald McDonald House 6–8 p.m., monthly every first and third Tuesday • Rosary Prayer 11 a.m., Tuesdays Bower-Suhrheinrich Library, Room 209 • Weekly Dinner and Discussion 5 p.m. Wednesdays, Newman Center 1901 Lincoln Ave. (across from Koch Center) SPECIAL EVENTS • Ash Wednesday Mass 5 p.m. Wednesday, March 1, Neu Chapel, with Bishop Charles C. Thompson presiding • Spring Break Mission Trip March 6–11, Gatlinburg, Tenn. • Busy Person Retreat April 9–12, Newman Center • Other small group activities @uenewman

University of Evansville Newman Catholic Student Center • 1901 Lincoln Ave. • Jenny Koch, Campus Minister • • (812) 454–0062



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DAY 2017 Tuesday, Feb. 28

11 a.m.–2 p.m. Meeks Family Gym, Carson Center CAREER OPPORTUNITIES INCLUDE: Full-time professional, co-op, internships, part-time, summer jobs and camps. Seasonal positions.

PARTICIPANTS INCLUDE: Take advantage of this opportunity to interact with more than 90 companies from Evansville and beyond.

WEHT-TV WNIN Accuride Alcoa Ciholas, Inc. Crane Army AA Easter Seals Rehabilitation Center

Evansville Fire Department EVPL Habitat for Humanity Hoosier Wheel IU Dept of Social Work MasterBrand MetroNet Northwestern Mutual

One Main Financial The Koch Family CMOE Toyota Boshoku Indiana Toyota Motor Mfg. Indiana Traylor Brothers USS LST 325 Vectren YMCA Camp Carson

COLLEGIATE CAREER EXPO 10 a.m.–3 p.m. EST THURSDAY, FEB. 23 Marriott Hotel, Downtown Indianapolis Gain access to more than 125 top employers from Indiana and beyond.

Need assistance with your job, internship, co-op or graduate school search? Contact the Center for Career Development |812–488–1083

• Bus transportation provided from UE. Contact the Center for Career Development to reserve your seat. • Register for the Collegiate Career Expo through UE JobLink (search for posting 722252 on the Jobs tab)

OPEN TO ALL STUDENTS AND ALUMNI University of Evansville is committed to providing equal education and employment opportunity to all qualified students, employees, and applicants without discrimination on the basis of race, color, national or ethnic origin, sex, age or disability.

February 2017  

February 2017 Issue of the University of Evansville's Crescent Magazine

February 2017  

February 2017 Issue of the University of Evansville's Crescent Magazine