STEP INSIDE UCSD’S HIDDEN TUNNEL NETWORK. PAGE 7
VOLUME 46, X, ISSUE ISSUEX19
MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2012
B rian Y ip /G uardian F ile
“T UCSD FALLS SHORT
hey started thinking more about losing, than winning,” UCSD head coach Brian McManus said of his team’s 1-0 loss to West Florida in the NCAA Division II National title game. Playing in Evans, Ga. against No. 2 nationally ranked West Florida, No. 5 UCSD — 7-0-2 in tournament play — had every opportunity to get the go-ahead goal in the first half. Last Saturday, Nov. 30, the Tritons outshot their opponents 11-4 in the first period, with senior forward Gabi Hernandez just missing on two separate occasions early on. “In the first half we played exceptionally well, and we just didn’t put away the chances that we had,” UCSD head coach Brian McManus said to the UCSD Athletics
By RACHEL UDA • Sports Editor
UCSD - WFU 0 1
Department. “And I think when the halftime whistle blew, they just froze.” The Tritons, a team familiar with having to score late in a game, forcing four of their past six playoff contests into overtime, struggled in the second period, while West Florida took their turn on the attack. The deciding goal did not come until the 77th minute of the match, when West Florida’s Chelsea Palmer collected a deflection off of UCSD goalkeeper Kelcie Brodsky. Palmer, West Florida’s go-to striker, controlled the ball in the box and struck past Brodsky, an All-Conference Second Team selection. See SPORTS, page 11
UCSD Hosts ‘World AIDS Day’ Events on Campus A.S. Council Personal testmonials and free HIV testing were part of the weeklong campaign whose theme was “Getting to Zero.” Votes to Recertify Co-ops
BY SARAH MOON Staff Writer
UCSD celebrated World AIDS Day this week, hosting a variety of free, on-campus events to the public. The events began on Monday, Nov. 26; lasted until Friday, Nov 30; and focused on this year’s “Getting to Zero” theme, aiming to spread awareness and achieve zero new HIV infections, zero stigma towards those with the HIV/AIDS and zero deaths related to the infection. World AIDS Day at UCSD was planned by a university-wide committee of volunteers including students, staff and faculty. On Wednesday night, the World AIDS Day committee hosted an event in Middle of Muir, featuring speeches from people affected by HIV/AIDS. The event, “How Does HIV/AIDS Affect YOU,” also invited audience members to share stories about their experiences with HIV/ AIDS. “We wanted to create this learning space for people to share their stories,” Coordinator of Student Activities at Muir Connie Chang said. Several UCSD students shared
The union, which represents the General Store, Che Cafe has had budget troubles in recent years. B rian monroe /G uardian
their personal experiences with HIV to the audience, and how the infection has affected their lives. “I’m not ashamed I have HIV,” one UCSD student said. “I’m not ashamed of who I am. I know who I am and I love it. I just wish people would stop with the stigma and educate themselves.” The San Diego County Office of Public Health provided an HIV Testing Bus on Thursday and Friday at Library Walk. The bus gave all
If a pipe burst, you would die pretty instantly”
Monday H 67 L 55
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students, faculty and staff members the opportunity to receive free, anonymous HIV Rapid Testing. “HIV/AIDS continues to affect our students, faculty and staff,” Campus Diversity Officer and Director Shaun Travers said. “Our students and employees can get tested for HIV, can learn how they can help stop the spread and assist those who are living with HIV/AIDS.” The AIDS Memorial Quilt has been a key tradition of World AIDS
Assistant Director of Building Operations
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BY ALEKSANDRA KONSTANTINOVIC Staff Writer
Day since 2002. Every year UCSD showcases sections of the quilt, representing HIV infection prevention. The quilt is the world’s largest ongoing community arts project and emerged from groups and individuals in response to the AIDS dilemma. In 2008 the World AIDS Day committee added a Survivor Photography exhibit next to the dis-
A.S. Council voted to re-certify each of UCSD’s co-ops at their Nov. 28 meeting, following presentations from University Centers Advisory Board (UCAB) and the Campus Cooperative Union. The co-ops are now awaiting a similar vote from Graduate Student Association (GSA) in order to be completely re-certified. The president of University
See AIDS, page 3
See CO-OPs, page 3
SURF REPORT SURF REPORT monday Height: 2-3 ft. Wind: 3-5 mph Water Temp: 65 F
Tuesday Height: 1-3 ft. Wind: 7-11 mph Water Temp: 65 F
Wednesday Height: 1-2 ft. Wind: 1-6 mph Water Temp: 65 F
Thursday Height: 1-2 ft. Wind: 1-6 mph Water Temp: 65 F
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INSIDE INSIDE Birdland..................................2 Lights and Sirens....................3 Rhyme or Reason...................4 Letter to the Editor.................5 Crossword..............................9 UCSD Tunnels......................10 Sports...................................12
THE UCSD GUARDIAN | MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2012 | www.Ucsdguardian.org
Birdland By Rebekah Dyer Angela Chen
Editor in Chief
Arielle Sallai Margaret Yau
Zev Hurwitz Rebecca Horwitz Madeline Mann Hilary Lee
Visual Diary By Khanh Nguyen
Associate Features Editor
Features Editorial Assistant
Andrew Whitworth Andrew Oh Brian Monroe Leo Bui Sara Shroyer
▶ UCSD- The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) named ten UCSD profes-
▶ UC SYSTEM- A stabbing victim entered UC Berkeley’s Martinez Commons residential hall housing area on Nov. 29, around 2:30 p.m. The victim, who had been stabbed nearly half a block away from Martinez Commons, left a
trail of blood leading up to the residential hall area. Berkeley police briefly taped the sidewalk before the victim was transported to a hospital. Spokesman Marty Takimoto, of UC Berkeley housing, said that the victim is not an affiliate of UC Berkeley.
▶ SAN DIEGO- Detectives are
searching for two men who raided a Victoria’s Secret store, stealing approximately 300 pairs of panties from an underwear display. The men, caught on surveillance tape, committed the burglary at the Horton Plaza shopping mall on Nov. 28, at 4:45 p.m; one suspect carried an open shopping bag near the underwear display, while the other scooped the merchandise off of the display and into the bag. Store employees were unaware of the burglary until after the suspects left, but detectives are using surveillance footage to investigate. According to NBC San Diego, the suspects are described as Hispanic
males of medium build, between 18 and 25 years old. One suspect was wearing a black sweater and jeans, while the other was wearing a blue shirt and grey shorts.
▶ SAN DIEGO - Four San Diego
teens were arrested for sexually assaulting a girl found unconscious in a canyon on Nov. 26. The 16-yearold girl was discovered by police at 11 p.m. in a Lincoln Park canyon off of Nagel and 49th streets. The four suspects were ages 14, 17 and 18. The two 17-year-olds and the 14-year-old were booked into juvenile hall and the 18-year-old was booked into the county jail. The girl had been unconscious for several hours but none of the suspects called for help. She was taken to a hospital and remained unconscious until the next day. The victim and the suspects had each allegedly consumed an unhealthy amounts of alcohol prior to the incident.
Lifestyle Editor Associate Lifestyle Editor A&E Editor Associate A&E Editor Photo Editor Associate Photo Editor Design Editor Associate Design Editor
Allie Kiekhofer Beca Truong Claire Yee
sors as fellows of the organization for their distinguished efforts in various fields of science. Professors Dimitri Basov, Jeffrey Esko, Benjamin Grinstein, David Kleinfeld, Ratnesh Lal, Aneesh Manohar, John Newsam, Katerina Semendeferi, Victor Vianu, and Arthur Wolfe are among this year’s 702 selected members of the AAAS, the nation’s largest scientific organization; their selection was announced in this week’s issue of Science. On Feb. 16, 2012, the incoming Fellows will officially enter the organization at the AAAS Annual Meeting in Boston, and will be presented with a certificate and a rosette pin.
Associate Opinion Editor Sports Editor
▶ SAN DIEGO- Chula Vista Superior Court convicted Kevin Kenniston, 43, of over 20 charges on Nov. 28, including stalking, and impersonating a police officer. According to U-T-San Diego, Kenniston was first arrested in April 2011 for pulling over three motorists, lecturing to them about driving safety, and demanding their driver’s licenses and registration. He was dressed as a police officer and driving a black-and-white Ford Crown Victoria with a siren, roof light rack, and public address system. His other offenses include stalking an ex-girlfriend, and choking his first and second wives. Kenniston is scheduled to be sentenced on Jan. 9, and will be facing 24 years in state prison. He is being convicted of kidnapping, false imprisonment, stalking and child cruelty.
BY Mekala Neelakantan, Senior Staff Writer
Associate News Editor
Page Layout Leo Bui, Arielle Sallai, Sara Shroyer, Bobee Kim Zoe McCracken, Erin Robertson Rebecca Han, Tim Annand Business Manager Emily Ku Marketing & Advertising Director Brandon Katzer Advertising & Marketing Assistants Christina Doo Advertising Design & Layout Alfredo H. Vilano Jr. A.S. Graphic Studio The UCSD Guardian is published Mondays and Thursdays during the academic year by UCSD students and for the UCSD community. Reproduction of this newspaper in any form, whether in whole or in part, without permission is strictly prohibited. © 2012, all rights reserved. The UCSD Guardian is not responsible for the return of unsolicited manuscripts or art. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent the opinions of the UCSD Guardian, the University of California or Associated Students. The UCSD Guardian is funded by advertising. The Sims Hookup.
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just in case...
you are studying late on campus and need a ride home
did you know? You can register for A.S. Safe Rides ONLINE at as.ucsd.edu/saferides A.S. Safe Rides allows registered undergraduate students to get 3 FREE rides per quarter. Students must register at least 24 hours prior to their first ride.
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Memorial Quilt in Price Center Highlights Weeklong Event
LIGHTS & SIRENS Thursday, November 22 12:33 a.m.: Drunk in public ▶ The subject at Village East 4 was intoxicated in public. Field interview administered. 4:17 p.m.: Information ▶ Someone had removed the stop signs at the intersection of Scholars Drive South and La Jolla Shores Drive so that there were no stops for any traffic. Referred to other agency. 10:29 p.m.: Animal call ▶ An owner had an aggressive dog under the SIO Pier with no leash. Field interview administered. Friday, November 23 1:01 a.m.: Medical aid ▶ A “juvenile male” at Blake Hall was vomiting from possible food poisoning. Transported to hospital. 11:33 a.m.: Citizen contact ▶ The subject went to the UCSD Police Department to ask “questions about riding a moped on campus.” Information only. Saturday, November 24 12:45 a.m.: Domestic violence disturbance ▶ An adult white male at North Mesa Apartments was arrested for “battery on spouse.” Closed by adult arrest. 8:36 p.m.: Injury ▶ Two female soccer players “butted heads” on Warren Field. One transported to hospital. 9:15 p.m.: Citizen contact ▶ An unknown person tried to enter the subject’s apartment at North Mesa Apartments with a key. Report taken. 11:07 p.m.: Traffic stop ▶ A male construction worker was stopped for using his cellphone while driving, and he was driving with a suspended license. Closed by adult citation. Sunday, November 25 11:38 p.m.: Marijuana contact ▶ There was an “odor of marijuana”
in a hallway at Revelle Apartments. Information only. Monday, November 26 1:10 p.m.: Injury ▶ A skateboarder at Warren Mall fell and struck his or her head on cement. Transported to hospital. 2:15 a.m.: Citizen contact ▶ The subject at Campus Service Complex Building G reported that a UC vehicle’s windshield broke “while going through [the] car wash.” Report taken. Tuesday, November 27 10:40 a.m.: Vandalism ▶ A window at Natural Sciences Building was “smashed out.” Information only. 7:35 p.m.: Trespass ▶ There was a trespasser at Chancellor House. Information only. 8:31 p.m.: Disturbance ▶ There was a broadcasting of obscenities against law enforcement and passersby from Student Center Building B. No crime found — information only. 8:59 p.m.: Assist other agency ▶ The San Diego Police received a report that a female on the intersection of Costa Verde and Nobel Drive was being chased by a male with a gun, but no crime was found. Information only. 9:39 p.m.: Animal call ▶ There were three “unattended horses” in the grass at the intersection of Scholars Drive North and North Point Drive. Field interview administered. Wednesday, November 28 9:00 a.m. - 9:20 a.m.: Information ▶ There was a complaint about road rage on I-5 South. Information only. —SARAH KANG Staff Writer
▶ AIDS, from page 1
play of the AIDS Memorial Quilt, making the showcase the most attended event of World AIDS Day at UCSD. This year, the committee showcased the AIDS Memorial Quilt in the Price Center Ballroom
East. The week of events concluded Friday evening with a closing ceremony at the AIDS Memorial Quilt, featuring a performance by San Diego Women’s Chorus. “Honoring World AIDS Day reminds UCSD as a campus com-
munity of its commitment to serving our region, as well as changing the world by our research, our work in the community and our educational efforts,” Travers said. Readers can contact Sarah Moon at smoon@ ucsd.edu
Despite Discounted Rent, Co-ops Struggle to Become Profitable ▶ CO-OPS, from page 1
Center (UCEN), Albert Trujillo, presented on behalf of UCAB at the Wednesday, Nov. 28th council meeting, describing the Master Space Agreement (MSA) that governs the co-ops’ relationship with University Centers. The MSA specifies that recertification of the co-ops should be based on specific criteria such as whether or not the co-ops’ financial practices are sound, whether their service is adequate and other operating issues. A.S. Council and GSA had asked UCAB for a presentation of the facts concerning the co-ops’ recertification. Trujillo explained that each co-op has accumulated debt over several years, and that the co-ops have been evaluated yearly for fiscal solvency up to the 2009 school year by an outside Certified Public Accountant (CPA). The CPA did not evaluate Che Cafe because the co-op did not have enough principal members — the cafe also lost its nonprofit status after it failed to file IRS tax form 990 for each of the past three years and is pending recognition as a student organization. Trujillo advised council to ask each co-op if they were acting in the best interests of the students, and if they are financially sound. Trujillo asserted that the rent charged to each co-op is fair, and
their debt is primarily the accumulation of unpaid rent and utilities over time. Currently, the co-ops are charged one–tenth of the market value on each of their spaces, or about $1000 a month, but haven’t made enough money to pay that, resulting in a loss for University Centers. Trujillo also said that re-evaluating how much each co-op pays in rent is a future possibility. “UCAB would need to see each of the co-ops’ sales and financial statements over the past few years,” Trujillo said. “That’s just not something we have from them at the moment.” The Campus Cooperative Union, representing each of UCSD’s co-ops, including Groundwork Books, The General Store, The Food Co-op and Che Cafe, also prepared a presentation for A.S. Council. Union members focused on the sense of friendship and community that the co-ops have inspired for them. “The co-ops are places that bring different kinds of students together,” Morgan, another principal member of the General Store said. “We routinely hold open mic nights and video game tournaments.” According to the members, coops often represent valuable options for students as well. “The Food Co-Op sells fair trade food that is affordable and deli-
cious,” Eden, a principal member, said on behalf of the Food Co-Op. “We like having an alternative to the more expensive Price Center. During their Nov. 28 presentation to council, the union claimed that Price Center’s expansion left the co-ops shut out of campus life, which led to less profit to pay their rent. According to their presentation, another obstacle that the coops face is that their rent was calculated and fixed in the 1990s, but inflation and changes in sales have made it impossible to keep up with that number. The union also emphasized that each of the co-ops is on different fiscal levels — the Food Co-Op has been profitable enough to pay utilities and employees since 2011, while Che Cafe recently switched to an all-volunteer structure in order to alleviate debt. The co-ops are not seeking financial help from A.S. Council, but rather a structural and promotional relationship. The union believes that recertification would allow them more time to pay off their debts. Following the presentations, council passed a resolution in support of the co-ops and voted to recertify them. Should GSA also vote to re-certify, the co-ops will retain that status for another two years. Readers can contact Aleksandra Konstantinovic at email@example.com
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OPINION That Won’t
Do the Job
Christmas Has Lost Its Childhood Charm
ecember is here, which means two things: The quarter is almost over, and Christmas is fast approaching. The sad thing is: I wouldn’t have even remembered Christmas was coming if it hadn’t been for those spam emails alerting me of every “door-busting” deal out there.
Rhyme or Reason illustration by J effrey L au /G uardian
In order to better prepare graduates for the transition into professional settings, universities need to be more proactive in getting students to participate in internships. By Bahar Moshtaghian • Contributing Writer
any college graduates enter the job market with unbridled optimism and confidence, believing that their recently attained bachelor’s degrees will open the doors to the jobs of their dreams. In contrast, they are finding that employers are looking for more than just those 180 units completed with at least a “C” average. Employers want to see experience in a professional job environment on a resume — something the majority of graduates do not hold. To boost graduates’ chances in the job market, universities need to be more proactive about improving students’ career skills and preparing them for the transition into a professional setting. According to the Apollo Research Institute’s study “Life in the 21st-Century Workforce,” 65 to 75 percent of employers across major U.S. cities found that it was difficult to find employees with “essential critical thinking and collaborative skills.” In college, these skills are utilized on exams and projects, but what’s missing is the application of these skills to real-life problems. A college education isn’t wholly useless though, as the material students learn in their major will be seen at the career level as well. But the fact that colleges seldom simulate real-world scenarios calls for the need for additional programs such as internships to ensure that graduates are competitive in the job market. Studies have shown that internship experience can make a significant impact on resumes. According to a survey by the National Association of Colleges and Employers, roughly 60 percent of graduates of the class of 2012 who had taken a paid internship
received at least one job offer. In comparison, only 36 percent of graduates without internship experience received any job offers. However, only a minority of students in the country take part in these important programs. U.S. News reports that out of the 330 college and universities surveyed, only 36.9 percent of the class of 2011 took part in an internship. In fact, UCSD actually falls below this average, with only 17 percent of graduates reporting having participated in an internship, according to a 2010 UCSD post-baccalaureate survey. Due to the rigorous academic climate and study culture of UCSD, many students would rather focus their efforts into classes first. Since high school, many students have been taught an over-simplified pathway to becoming successful, in which you study hard, get accepted into college, earn a degree and then find a job. Making spectacular grades will get students a degree, but it is no guarantee for a job. This has led many graduates to develop the notion that a degree equates a job, and thus the value of workplace experience is diminished in their eyes. While UCSD does provide some useful services for finding internships, such as PortTriton and the Academic Internship Program, it needs to make more of an effort to reinforce the necessity of internships to ensure success. UCSD and other universities might benefit from making internships a requirement for graduation. According to U.S. News & World Report, three of the See Internships, page 5
On Nov. 27, Four U.S. female service members filed a lawsuit against the Pentagon’s 1994 ban on Allowing women to serve in ground combat units, which are considered more dangerous.
Military Should Hire Based on Merit Including Women May Increase Abuse
Allowing Women is Next Progressive Step
For a country that prides itself on equal opportunity, it seems hypocritical for our military to prevent women from having the same opportunities as men. Females who are qualified for positions in combat should not be turned away — they should have every opportunity that any male of equal qualifications would. According to the Associated Press, the Pentagon opened nearly 14,000 new combat positions to women this year. This is an improvement, but it is not enough. Women are still not being recognized for their service in positions that they actually unofficially do. Stepping foot in Iraq or Afghanistan counts as serving in a combat zone, says U.S. Marine Corps Capt. Zoe Bedell, a plaintiff in the lawsuit. And though there are more opportunities, they aren’t the same ones offered to men. Army Times wrote that the revisions to the order only opened up 5 percent of the 250,000 positions that are currently closed to women. Despite these efforts to provide more jobs, the numbers do not even remotely compare to the 47 percent of women that make up the total U.S. labor force, a number released by the U.S. Department of Labor in 2010. Present here is an inequality of job opportunities and services to our country. Women who have proven abilities in said disciplines should not be discriminated against because of their gender. Ability and merit should be the only qualifications considered.
Officials claim the integration of women into direct combat will have negative repercussions on combat effectiveness as well as put women at a higher risk for abuse. Despite a long-standing zero-tolerance policy on sex offenses, a 2009 survey by the Department of Defense found that one in three female soldiers have reported experiencing sexual assault, while four in five say they have declared being subjected to sexual harassment. Integration of women into male-dominated combat units may only worsen this data by hurling women headfirst into abusive environments. Furthermore, in 2001 the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University found that female soldiers sustain twice the amount of stress fractures — small bone fractures caused by repeated muscle strain — than males do while participating in the same physical activities. The resulting higher injury rates may cost the military financially and undermine the effectiveness of combat units. The U.K. Ministry of Defence also cited male soldiers’ undue attention to wounded females at the risk of their own lives as a main concern in their decision to exclude women from combat units in 2010; this can adversely affect team cohesion and have grave consequences in close-quarter combat. Before the Department of Defense makes any change to its policy, it needs to be certain the military can adjust to the problems associated with this change.
A recent lawsuit is challenging the ban on women serving in direct combat, even if they have proven themselves to be as physically fit as men. Women should be allowed to serve in combat because they have played an instrumental role in the success of the U.S. military — females currently account for roughly 20 percent of the military. Preventing the service of women in combat neglects past social accomplishments that have contributed not only to the military strength of the U.S., but also to America as a progressive society. Recent historical changes, from the repeal of “Don’t ask, don’t tell ” in 2011, to President Obama acknowledging same-sex marriage in May 2012, have sizably moved the U.S. forward. Just as gays are allowed to openly serve after DADT was repealed, women should be able to serve in combat. Many females, according to a survey by the U.S. Military Army Research Institute, meet the military’s physical and mental toughness standards. In fact, according to a survey conducted by the British Ministry of Defense in 2010, 12 countries, including powerhouses such as Germany, Israel and France allow women in combat. If women fail to adequately meet the demands of combat tasks, it would be appropriate to select troops who are better qualified in terms of physical abilities. But simply ignoring the ability of women does not— and should not—represent America’s military.
— Lauren Koa Contributing Writer
— Nico Hemsley Contributing Writer
— Vivek Patel Staff Writer
Hilary Lee firstname.lastname@example.org
Last Christmas morning, I woke up at a reasonable hour, groggily rolled out of bed and stumbled down the stairs as I did on any other run-ofthe-mill day. There, I was greeted by the sight of my family members each doing their own individual tasks, and a living room devoid of a Christmas tree. This was nothing like a scene out of an ABC Family movie or a cheesy, feel-good Disney sitcom. When I was younger, I would get so excited for the holidays that I even thought of the months in relation to their proximity to Dec. 25. However, time and practicality have since become factors that interfere with the “magic” of Christmas. I now realize that fashioning a beautiful light display on my front lawn is not only too time consuming to set up and take down, but creates an unwelcome addition to my monthly electricity bill. I then stop and think that maybe it really isn’t worth the hassle to dig out the dusty yuletide decorations from the garage, or spend half an hour untangling the Christmas lights in an infomercialesque type struggle. As a kid, I always made fun of shops that painted their windows for Christmas and then never bothered to wipe the merry illustrations off, ever. But I’ve realized that my family’s guilty of a similar offense — we leave Christmas wreaths on our front door and a wooden Rudolph sitting in front of the fireplace all year round. By the time anyone stops procrastinating and sincerely wants to put the decorations away, Christmas is already close enough that it’d be smarter to just leave them there. It’s gotten to the point that my house would look awkward without them now. Admittedly, present shopping has also become a task that I often look forward to just getting out of the way. With limited time on our hands, my family and I often have to resort to going generic. This means buying gift cards, dried fruit baskets, Pepperidge Farm packages and basically anything else found on the shelves of Costco for relatives and family friends. Anyway, I can’t exactly enjoy the festive decorations and holiday music playing in every store as harried mothers in awful holiday sweaters jostle me around. As if circling around trying to find a parking space in the rain hadn’t been taxing enough already. Gone are the days of eagerly leaping out of my blankets to check for snow outside on Christmas morning (a child’s fanciful wishing, as it hasn’t snowed in Nor Cal since who knows when). Later this month, I’ll probably have to rely on the holiday Google Doodles to remind me that Christmas is coming again.
THE UCSD GUARDIAN | MONDAY, December 3, 2012 | www.Ucsdguardian.org
Solve For X By Philip Jia
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
U.S. Must End Its Military Aid to Israel
College Degrees Alone Cannot Secure Jobs for Graduates ▶ Internships, from page 4 schools within New York’s Clarkson University require “professional experience” for graduation. As a result, 86 percent of seniors who recently graduated from the school held an internship at some point in their college careers. As part of its graduation requirements, UCSD’s Sixth College makes its students complete a practicum, which can be satisfied by an internship. More of the six colleges at UCSD may want to follow Clarkson University’s and Sixth College’s example, and incorporate internship experience as one of its graduation requirements to encourage students to take part in
them. Another issue is that students are genuinely interested in internships, but cannot afford the commitment because of financial constraints. Students may not be able to afford taking up a low paying or even unpaid internship, while also sustaining themselves through college. To combat this, universities should take the initiative to offer grants that can support students who take part in internships and ease their financial burdens. Considering one of the duties of colleges is to prepare students for their careers, they should be obligated to support students through these career-preparatory internships. A
university’s investment in internship grants is just as necessary as the money it puts towards funding quality faculty and facilities. A degree from an esteemed university may have cut it in the past, but it alone cannot secure a job for new graduates. However, combined with the experience from an internship, graduates are sure to find the job market more promising. To best prepare their graduates for the competitive job market, universities must encourage more students to take part in internships, and support students throughout them as well. Readers can contact Bahar Moshtaghian at email@example.com
Dear Editor, Noam Chomsky has termed Gaza “the world’s largest open-air prison” because there are some 1.6 million Palestinians living on a 140-squaremile strip of land “subject to random terror and arbitrary punishment, with no purpose other than to humiliate and degrade.” Roughly one million of these 1.6 million people in Gaza are refugees from the conflict of 1947–48. Last week Gaza was subject to eight days of bombardment. More than 161 Palestinians were killed including at least 91 civilians and 28 children, according to the Palestinian Center for Human Rights. In response, Hamas sent multiple rockets into Israel and killed five Israelis. A ceasefire was announced, a good thing for all concerned, but Israel’s five-year long illegal blockade of Gaza continues, as does the U.S. massive military aid to Israel, to the tune of over $3 billion per year. As academics and students, it is our responsibility to know what is happening in Gaza and the West Bank and to urge the Obama administration to change its policy toward the Israeli occupation and its apartheid policies toward Palestinians. Chomsky has described the situation accurately: “The Israeli decision to rain death and destruction on Gaza, to use lethal weapons of the modern battlefield on a largely defenseless civilian population is the final phase in a decades-long campaign to ethnically cleanse Palestinians.” And he adds: “Israel uses sophisticated attack jets and naval vessels to bomb denselycrowded refugee camps, schools, apartment blocks, mosques and
slums to attack a population that has no air force, no air defense, no navy, no heavy weapons, no artillery units, no mechanized armor, no command in control, no army…and calls it a war. It is not a war, it is murder.” Chomsky further notes that Israel, by militarily occupying someone else’s land, cannot call what it does defense. The people of Gaza live in a prison, because they are trapped by the Israeli blockade that controls virtually all traffic, human and material, in and out of the territory. An Israeli journalist, Jonathan Cook, notes that Israeli health officials have calculated the minimum number of calories needed by Gaza inhabitants each day and now allow only 67 trucks to enter Gaza with food. The aim, according to Dov Weisglass, was “to put the Palestinians on a diet.” Middle East scholar Juan Cole finds that Palestinian children are suffering from malnutrition, and anemia is widespread, affecting “over two-thirds of infants, 58.6 percent of schoolchildren and over a third of pregnant mothers.” That a modern nation calling itself civilized and democratic should be engaged in this type of oppression is disgraceful and the fact that the U.S. condones it all should concern us as citizens, as taxpayers and as human beings. We in the United States are partners in this ongoing crime against the Palestinians and therefore against humanity. We must call for an end to military aid to Israel for it is being used to commit murder and grave human rights abuses against all Palestinians. —Rosaura Sánchez Department of Literature Luis Martin-Cabrera Department of Literature Charles Thorpe Department of Sociology
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FEATURES Big Discoveries and Bold Excursions The History of the Scripps Institute in a Nutshell By Mindy Lam / Staff Writer
jeffrey L au /G uardian
n Nov. 16, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography welcomed home Research Vessel Roger Revelle after six years away from its home port — Point Loma Marine Physical Research Facility in San Diego, which is owned by Scripps. As the flagship of Scripp’s fleet, the Revelle is the youngest and most technologically advanced of the four ships.The ship has been on 86 scientific expeditions across four oceans since it last left San Diego in 2006. The Revelle’ had such an unusually long absence in order to efficiently schedule the Revelle’s expeditions, said Bruce Appelgate, associate director of Scripps Institution of Oceanography. “We don’t want to transit our ships unless we’re doing science,” Appelgate said. “It just so happens there’s been a lot of work in the Western Pacific, Indian, and Southern Oceans.” Most of this work was scheduled around those oceans, although the Revelle has traveled as far as the Atlantic Ocean and even made a research stop in the Antarctic. By scheduling these expeditions close together, the Revelle didn’t have to return to San Diego, thereby saving fuel and providing scientists in those areas with much-needed resources. Now that it is at homeport, Scripps will be spending time updating the ship with new technology. At nearly 110 years old, Scripps Institution of Oceanography is one of the world’s largest and oldest centers for oceanic studies. Established in 1903, Scripps Institution was founded by William E. Ritter as a home for oceanic research. To this end, Scripps currently operates the largest fleet of research vessels of any institution and invites scientists from other institutions to utilize their resources. “We send our ships to where the scientific research is occurring,” Appelgate said. “Those areas are defined by the funding agencies — [for example] the National Science Foundation or the Office of Naval Research. [These agencies] fund individual scientists to go out and collect data and make observations.” Due to this funding, Scripps has grown to house four research vessels, which carry scientists from across the globe to research sites in the oceans. Although a lot of the science focuses around the Pacific Ocean, Scripps vessels have been all over the world. Research Vessel Melville, Scripps’ oldest operating ship, was taken to Chile earlier this year for scientists to study why the Chilean earthquake of 2010 did not rupture the seabed, while the 2011 earthquake off the coast of Japan did — resulting in a powerful tsunami.
The New Horizon, went last year to the north Pacific Ocean so scientists could study the effects of plastic pollution in the ecosystem. The Robert Gordon Sproul, the second youngest ship of the fleet, made an expedition along the coast in 2010 for researchers to study the effects of human-produced sound waves on marine life. The data gathered will help create more eco-friendly sonar techniques for Naval ships. This recent research has been significant in the development of technology and the understanding of our environment, but it’s only the latest news out of Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Since the institution’s establishment in 1903, Scripps researchers have discovered new marine life, charted new undersea mountain ranges in the Pacific, and mapped out ocean currents useful for fishing and naval navigation alike. Scripps’ origins can be traced back to 1891, the year UC Berkeley administrators gave William E. Ritter $200 to fund biological surveys along the coast of California. At the time, Ritter was a biology lecturer at Berkeley. Ritter proceeded to purchase a tent and laboratory equipment and founded a crude, portable research base where he and his students used to carry out biological studies up and down the Pacific Coast. In 1903, a group of affluent San Diegans invited William E. Ritter to make San Diego the permanent home of his program, forming the Marine Biological Association of San Diego. Among these San Diegans was newspaper magnate Edward W. Scripps who, in addition to fully funding Ritter’s program, donated his private yachts for use as research vessels in 1904. Ellen B. Scripps funded purchase of the institution’s first legitimate research vessel in 1907, after one of her brother’s former yachts was shipwrecked the year before. In 1912, the UC Regents acquired the Marine Biological Association renaming it Scripps Institution for Biological Research of the University of California, later changing it to Scripps Institution of Oceanography in 1925 to reflect the station’s widening focus. By this time, the powerful Scripps fleet had begun catching the attention of scientists in a myriad of other fields, including geography and environmental science. In 1939 and 1940, the research ship E.W. Scripps made multiple trips to the Gulf of California. The first expedition in 1939 mapped out the waters of the gulf, examining the currents, phosphate levels and temperature patterns of the water. Incidentally, the researchers were able to make contact with Seri Indians, a tribe that lived in the islands in the gulf, and See SCRIPPS page 10
THE UCSD GUARDIAN | MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2012 | www.Ucsdguardian.org
A Space of their Own: Increasing Access to Education for Minorities BY Ayan Kusari Features Editor
runs a series of well-attended mentorship programs with Mecha and BSU. “Our focus, especially with the high school students, is the fourth and fifth quintiles,” Magtoto said. “We work with the students who don’t have access to resources and try to get them applying — and ideally, being admitted to — college. We also have various programs that cater to the lower-performing students at UCSD.” Other programs at SPACES cater to students from ethnic minorities,
After statistics about the racial makeup of the incoming freshman class at each UC campus were released for the 2012-13 academic year, UCSD SPACES — the StudentPromoted Access Center for Education and Service — received over $400,000 in grants from the University of California. This is nearly double what the center, which runs and funds programs for minority student organizations at UCSD, received last year. The move to double SPACES funding has drawn praise from students who say the University of California seriously underrepresents minority students. According to Noel Magtoto, the SPACES Director of Internal Affairs, the majority of the Center’s funding goes to five large groups, which have over 2,000 student members between them. “The core organizations are Student Affirmative Action Committee, Black Student Union, Mecha [Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán], Asian Pacific-Islander Student Alliance and LGBTQIA,” Magtoto said. “We’re willing to fund all students who fit our requirements, but these five organizations are the most active.” Any organization that wants to use SPACES funding has to apply for it, and the five core organizations are not exempt from the rule. It provides generous funding. In addition to the programs it funds externally, SPACES runs a set of endogenous programs using the funding it receives from the state. It runs a book lending program for underprivileged UCSD students. It provides planners and school supplies for undergraduates who come from from underperforming school districts — many of whom are unprepared for the academic pressure of a UC, and who suffer from a high dropout rate. It
Xoxotlani [pronounced “sho-shotlani”] means ‘to flourish’ in Nahuatl, and that’s something I always keep with me.
like the SPACES-run newspaper, The Collective Voice. According to co-editor in chief Jennifer Valez, the paper was founded as a response to mainstream media outlets’ failure to cover topics that are relative to students who come from a marginalized background. “It’s often unintentional, but even in your paper, the Guardian, you find that there are specific voices that aren’t heard,” she said. “The mainstream media isn’t critical; it doesn’t hold the university accountable for what it does. The Collective Voice is different. Our writers cover issues relevant to all sorts of students. For instance, our next issue is about languages — in particular, which ones are validated and which ones are not.” Because of the increased funding allocated to SPACES by the University of California, The Collective Voice is
now able to publish twice a quarter instead of once a quarter. The change was criticized as wasteful spending in the Nov. 23 issue of the California Review, which is the conservative quarterly at UCSD. “We get so many students who have so much to say, and before this we were turning them away,” Valez said. As an editor-in-chief, Valez is paid on an hourly basis for her work, an administrative decision that was criticized in the Cal Review article. “While I’m paid on an hourly basis as an editor for the Collective Voice, that’s only 15 hours maximum per week,” Valez said. “I’m paid $11 an hour for those 15. But I don’t even know how many extra hours I put in — it takes up my weekends and my nights. Not everyone has the privilege to work for free — not when they have bills to pay.” Valez said that, in addition, the increased funding was especially important in light of the presence of minority-hostile publications at UCSD. “We don’t get private funding, like the Koala does,” she said. “We need to exist as a form of response — as a form of resistance.” Another operation that operates entirely via state funds is the Xoxotlani Outreach Program, which is run jointly by SPACES and Mecha. Karla Diaz is the program coordinator for the 201213 year. “Xoxotlani [pronounced “sho-shotlani”] means ‘to flourish’ in Nahuatl, and that’s something I always keep with me,” she said. The program is an outreach initiative for high school students with weekly workshops and daily tutoring sessions after school. In previous years, before the funding increase, the program consisted of tutoring alone. “This year, it’s going to be a lot more holistic,” Diaz said. “In addition to tutors in geometry and literature and college applications, we are going
U zair M ohammad /G uardian
to have weekly sessions that are based on storytelling, creating an uplifting narrative for their lives.” Diaz said the program’s coordinators have begun to realize that the problems of structural inequality, which SPACES is designed to combat, go deeper than not knowing basic math. “We want them to understand the role of gender, the role of culture and ethnicity, the role of the media in their lives,” she said. “We need to make these kids believe in themselves — that’s what we’re trying to do.” Magtoto said that a program similar to Xoxotlani helped him get to college in the first place, but that the struggle didn’t end there for him. “As a transfer student who is also a minority, it’s very difficult to find community — a network of people to talk
to. Transfers only have two years to finish their degrees. That’s why I became involved with the Transfer Retention Program at SPACES, and eventually became its coordinator.” The program is designed to help community college students adjust to the shock of bell curve grading and the quarter system. As with the high school program run jointly with Xoxotlani, TRP includes both time management and personal empowerment components — a dual curriculum that has become a signature of the center’s many operations. “It saved me,” Magtoto said of the SPACES-run program. “For the first time within it, I felt as though I had a home.” Readers can contact Ayan Kusari at akusari@ ucsd.edu
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THE UCSD GUARDIAN | MONDAY, december 3, 2012 | www.Ucsdguardian.org
campus CALENDAR Tahrir
TUE 12.03 • 7pm
12.03-12.09 MON12.03 12pm
1ST MONDAY MUSIC CONCERT - CONRAD PREBYS MUSIC CENTER: CONCERT HALL The December 1st Monday concert highlights late twentieth and early twenty-first century American music for solo piano and piano and voice. The program includes an original composition by Integrative Studies' Joshua Charney, Joseph Schwantner's Two Poems of Agueda Pizarro for voice and piano, and George Crumb's Eine Kleine Mitternachtmusik for amplified piano. FREE and open to the public.
2pm ART & SOUL: HOLIDAY GREETING CARDS—THE ZONE The perfect way to give a thoughtful gift without spending any money. All materials will be supplied, while supplies last. Workshop is free; space is limited to 16 and is first come, first serve. Mondays 2:00-3:30pm at The Zone (Price Center Plaza by Jamba Juice).
7pm BLABBERMOUTH—THE LOFT Have a story or song to share? Writers of prose, poetry, and fiction, as well as musicians and performers are welcome to come and share their art. Enjoy some bites and beverages and come support your fellow students! To participate, please contact Young Kim at University Centers Marketing, 858-822-2068, firstname.lastname@example.org.
THU12.06 10am MEDITATION AT THE ZONE – THE ZONE Come to The Zone from 10:00-10:30am for free meditation classes! Practice a variety of techniques to achieve greater mental clarity and a peaceful state of being. With the constant stress of academics and campus life, meditation will help recharge your mind and body. All levels welcome.
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THERAPY DOGS! FREE EVERY THURSDAY – THE ZONE Drop into The Zone every Thursday from 1:30 to 2:30 pm to get some love from adorable, professional therapy dogs! Studies show that petting an animal can lower stress, and the smiles on students' faces proves this to be the case every time.
3pm ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSIONS-‘‘LA PEPA’’AT 200: REFLECTIONS ON THE ORIGIN OF CONSTITUTIONAL CULTURES IN SPAIN AND LATIN AMERICA – DEUTZ ROOM, COPLEY BUIDLING, INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS This year marks the two hundredth anniversary of the Spanish Constitution of 1812, affectionately known as “La Pepa.” The first constitutional charter to govern peninsular Spain and imperial domains in Spanish America and the Philippines, “La Pepa” continues to influence the work of scholars examining political culture throughout the Hispanic world. Join us as we mark the bicentenary with reflections on the historical and continuing significance of “La Pepa” in Spain and Latin America.
PROFESSOR UNSCRIPTED TERRA BLIGHT - THE LOFT
FITNESS ZONE: BLT (BUTT, LEGS, TUMMY) THE ZONE
THE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX FOR MEXICAN MIGRANTS TO THE U.S. - INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS COMPLEX, WEAVER CTR
Shape up your whole body, particularly those crucial problem areas: (Booty, Legs, and Tummy). This class will 'attack' these spots by training the core and lower body for increased strength and muscle tone, combined with fun cardiovascular exercises. A great way to burn those calories! Lead by FitLife instructor Lauren Labagh. Come experience all that Campus Recreation's FitLife has to offer! Each week highlights a different FitLife class. Have fun and get into the Fitness Zone! Tuesdays and Fridays 10:00-10:45am at The Zone.
5pm 'TASTY TUESDAY' FREE WEEKLY COOKING DEMO - THE ZONE Drop into The Zone every Tuesday from 5:00 to 6:00pm for amazing live cooking demonstrations, complete with free food! Learn how to cook and eat healthfully, discover new recipes, and sample the food for free. Demonstrations feature local, organic, and vegetarian ingredients hosted by Whole Foods, Housing and Dining, Student Health Advocates, Recreation & more. Come hungry, leave healthy!
6pm PROFESSOR UNSCRIPTED: FILM SCREENING OF ‘TERRA BLIGHT’—THE LOFT Have you ever wondered where all of our clunky, stone-age desktop computers end up?Come join us for a free screening of 'Terra Blight'- a feature-length documentary exploring America's consumption of computers and the hazardous waste we create in pursuit of the latest technology. Professor Meg Eckles will be there to introduce the topic as well as answer questions regarding these environmental issues.
FRI12.07 10am PIYO STRENGTH - THE ZONE A unique class designed to build strength and gain flexibility. The moves fit perfectly together to form a class with intense choreography that's fun, challenging, and will make you sweat. It's about energy, power, and rhythm. Think sculpted abdominals, increased overall core strength, and greater stability!
1pm THE EVOLUTION OF HUMAN NUTRITION PRICE CENTER EAST BALLROOM Join CARTA for a free public symposium, 'The Evolution of Human Nutrition.” This scientific symposium features distinguished scientists from diverse fields who will share their insights on how nutrition and diet have changed and played a key role in human origins, from our earliest ancestors to nutritional issues facing us today. Admission is free and open to the public, but registration is required.
8pm GRAD FORUM (MUSIC CONCERT) -CONRAD PREBYS MUSIC CENTER The second and final Grad Forum of the quarter brings together a fantastic collection of sound art, visual art, improvisation, and electroacoustic music. The program includes video art by the Visual Arts Department's Ava Porter alongside the second installment of Yvette Jackson's Invisible People (A Radio Opera). Accomplished improvisers, Drew Ceccato and Chris Golinski, join forces in what promises to be an astounding improv duo, and Adam Tinkle and Pablo Gomez present fascinating solo electroacoustic works. FREE.
Rodolfo de la Torre Garcia received a B.A. in Economics from the Instituto Tecnologico Autonomo de Mexico (ITAM) and a Master's degree in Economics from Oxford University. He is currently the general coordinator at the Human Development Research Office (HDRO) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Mexico. He is editor of Bienestar y Politica Social, a magazine published by the Inter-American Conference on Social Security (CISS), and is editorialist of the newspaper, El Universal. Rodolfo also leads the Mexican working group on topics related to poverty and inequality of the Inter-American Development Bank, the World Bank, and the Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association.
7:30pm ARGENTINE TANGO CLUB: MILONGA HALF AND HALF - THE LOFT Calling all tangueros, tangueras, tango supporters and the tango-curious! Join The Argentine Tango Club at UCSD at The Loft on Wednesday, December 5 from 7:30-11pm when we magically transform our weekly practica into Milonga Half and Half, the first milonga of the school year at UCSD. Finish off the fall quarter with an evening of good music, great company, and tango dancing--with some special performances plus a photography exhibit!Contact: email@example.com
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Furniture Twin size bed adjustable to King size - $65 - This is a two twin size mattresses, and a bed frame, twins size adjustable to king king size. I have to sell it immediately!! Please come pick it up by June 25th!! Thank you! Price is 65 dollar for everything!! Or OBO! Listing ID: 42701473 at ucsdguardian.org/classifieds for more information Desk - $25 - IKEA desk, in very good condition. Listing ID: 43069640 at ucsdguardian.org/classifieds for more information Coffee table - $5 - It’s just a dusted coffee table, I use it for my fish tank. It’s still in an excellent condition and clean like new!! I am rushing to move out, so need to sell it asap!! it’s 5 dollar, come pick it up today June 25! Listing ID: 42945720 at ucsdguardian.org/classifieds for more information
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Pets Scarlet Macaw Baby - Tame - 1500.00 - Scarlet Macaw Baby, Gorgeous, Brilliant Bright Red Colors, Handfed and Extremely Tame, 3 months, $1,500.00 ph# (858)397-4419 The most beautiful of all Macaws Breeds. Listing ID: 43327079 at ucsdguardian.org/ classifieds for more information 10 week lab/golden retriever - 50.00 - 2 10 week lab/golden retriever puppies, 1 female & 1 male, very sweet, raised with kids, have both parents, loving forever homes only. Call or text (253)9058175 or (253)905-0894 for more info or pics. Listing ID: 42702290 at ucsdguardian.org/classifieds for more information Rare exotic Savannahs! - 900.00 - Savannahs!, Rare exotically marked kittens/cats up for adoption. Raised underfoot in loving home. Some play fetch and love water. TICA registration and health guarantee. $900 & up. email@example.com. Listing ID: 42701715 at ucsdguardian.org/classifieds for more information
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ACROSS 1 Toad feature 5 Cravings 10 W.W. Jacobs short story “The Monkey’s __” 13 Etonic competitor 14 Hollandaise and barbecue 16 Genetic molecule: Abbr. 17 Music genre that evolved in the ‘50s 19 “__ complicated” 20 Evil smile 21 Pac-10 hoops powerhouse 22 Cambridge sch. 23 Letter before kappa 26 Tranquil 28 How the wheels on the bus go 32 Possess 33 Italian “a” 34 Tide creations 37 Formally relinquish 39 Time off, briefly, and this puzzle’s theme 42 Winter fall 43 Hägar the Horrible’s dog 45 Zippy start? 46 Well-armed org. 47 “Old” nickname for Zachary Taylor 52 Nonsense 54 The ten in “hang ten” 55 Batter’s stat 56 Power co. product 58 Freeze, as a plane’s wings 62 + molecule, e.g. 63 Complain hysterically 66 Work unit 67 Like the night in a classic Van Gogh work 68 All done 69 Knox and McHenry: Abbr. 70 “Do the Right Thing” actor Davis 71 Wimpy
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THE UCSD GUARDIAN | MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2012 | www.Ucsdguardian.org
Scripps Ships Have Traveled to A Trip Through UCSD’s Hidden Remote Islands, Discovered Oil Tunnels: Purposes and Punishments ▶ SCRIPPS, from page 6 prove that they were not cannibals despite popular belief at the time. The ship’s second Gulf of California Expedition was led by Roger Revelle, the scientist who later became the director of Scripps from 1950 to 1964, for whom Scripps’ current flagship is named. This expedition focused on the geography of the surrounding lands, making observations about the rock formations that helped in understanding the geological history of the area. In 1950, a joint expedition between Scripps and the U.S. Navy aboard the research ship Horizon and the navy ship PCE(R) 857 lead to the discovery of the MidPacific mountain range at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. The scientists also confirmed a theory of Charles Darwin’s about atoll formation due to the upward growth of coral reef and provided key support for Darwin’s evolutionary theory, contributing to its widespread acceptance. Researchers also found that the seafloor was not old and smooth as they had expected. The data they collected raised questions about the spreading of the seafloor that the theory of plate tectonics — a theory that is taught almost universally in science classes today — would answer. It should be noted, however, that not all the Scripps missions are purely research-oriented. The 1970-
71 Antipode Expedition, the maiden voyage of the Roger Revelle, was funded in part by the U.S. Navy to survey 25 sites for deep sea drilling. Likewise, the purpose of the 197677 Indopac Expedition was not only to capture live benthic amphipods, shrimp-like creatures that live on the ocean floor, but also to identify potential drill sites across the Philippines Basin, where the amphipods were most frequently found. The Scripps fleet will grow in 2015 with the addition of the currently unnamed AGOR28. The new ship is currently under construction in Dakota Creek, D.C. It will recieve full funding from the U.S. Office of Naval Research. In return for this, Scripps scientists use their vessels to assist in researching ways to develop efficient tools such as GPS and sonar location for use by the Navy, among other developments. Even though the AGOR28 has yet to be chartered for expeditions, researchers at the Scripps Institution are enthusiastic about the new ship’s potential to facilitate research trips, Appelgate said. “Scripps’ research vessels have been involved in just about every important discovery in the ocean since we started sending research vessels,” Appelgate said.
The researchers were able to make contact with Seri Indians, and prove that they were not cannibals despite popular belief at the time.
Readers can contact Mindy Lam at mtl010@ ucsd.edu
BY mina nilchian Associate Features Editor Students who find themselves stuck on campus on a Friday have few options. They can risk throwing a party (almost certain to get busted by 11 p.m.), order yet another round of cookies from the Secret Cookie Service, or do what too many of us wind up doing week after week — study. But for one Revelle College senior, living on campus presents another option for Friday night shenanigans. “I’ve been [to the underground tunnels] probably at least three or four times,” Darryl Howard said. UCSD’s underground tunnel system certainly has a reputation for being risky. In an article published on Feb. 15, 2011, the Voice of San Diego debunked the myth that the tunnels serve as a transportation system for the National Guard in case of large student protests. The news organization’s article “Fact Check: UCSD’s (Not So) Mythic Tunnels” concludes that there is no good evidence demonstrating that the tunnels are designed to be used in this way. Richard Cota, Assistant Director of Building Operations at UCSD, stated that in his 20 years working at UCSD, the tunnels have never served any purpose aside from what they were built to do. “They carry utilities throughout the majority of the campus,” Cota said. “They have some telecom cabling in there, high temperature hot water, the chill water that’s created at the central plant. There is some electricity that goes through there, natural gas, compressed air.” The tunnels were built when Revelle College was built, and was expanded as the campus grew to the
east and the north until it was no longer cost-efficient to maintain a full tunnel system. Today the tunnel system originates in Revelle, runs toward Bonner Hall, passes under the main gym, and winds its way down by Geisel. It looks around the school of medicine and then back into the central plan But the rest of campus also gets its water and electricity from these large central pipes, albeit indirectly, via a system of smaller pipes. The expanded tunnel system saves energy by generating the campus’s utilities in one central source and then distributing them out. The tunnels were the reason for the Environmental Protection Agency’s decision to give UCSD the Star CHP Award in 2010, awarding it for “demonstrating considerable fuel and emissions savings over comparable, state-of-the-art separate heat and power generation.” “To have in general chilled water and hot water generated at one location and then distributed out to the other buildings, that is energy-saving in itself,” Cota said, adding that similar tunnel systems exist at the Stanford University and UCLA campuses. “It is one of the most efficient ways to do it, so some of the older universities do try and do it this way.” Of course, their uncertified use as a dangerous adventure spot is what makes the tunnels infamous to most students. And according to safety regulations, they’re off-limits to anyone other than facilities workers and contractors working for the school. “It’s considered a confined space,” Cota said. “That means that evacuation is not easy. If there was a problem down there, a broken wire, a broken pipe, there’s only one or two ways to get out, so you’d have to go those ways and have a plan in place.”
Howard agrees that it’s probably not the safest place to go. “There are these massive steam pipes, they’re covered in asbestos and they’re leaking and it’s a really narrow tunnel system,” he said. “If a pipe burst, you would die pretty instantly.” Cota says the tunnels are not much of a spectacle. “It doesn’t happen all that much that we find somebody, but there’s evidence of folks getting in there, writing on the wall, like ‘I was here,’” Cota said. Cota says that if he were to catch students in the tunnels, which he has yet to do, he would simply escort them out — unless they resisted, in which case he would notify the campus police. It’s unclear what the current penalty for being caught is, but UCSD students and outsiders alike seem to think it’s worth the risk. One group, the San Diego Urban Exploration Meetup group — an organization not affiliated with the school — has even planned organized trips to the tunnels despite the fact that entering the tunnels is illegal. The group’s website posts event plans, and even though multiple users comment that the trip would be illegal, the most recent trip, which was scheduled for Oct. 16, 2010, actually went as planned. “Most of the group bailed, but a couple of us persisted,” a group member who wished to be identified as “Dave T.” said. “We ran into one of the facilities managers in the basement of one of the buildings, and I was able to sweet-talk him into letting us at least take a look in the door. In the end he gave us about an hour tour of some of the tunnels.” Readers can contact Mina Nilchian at firstname.lastname@example.org
THE UCSD GUARDIAN | MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2012 | www.Ucsdguardian.org
Tritons Winless in Conference Play By Rachel Uda Sports Editor MEN’S BASKETBALL — An inability to close games has haunted the UCSD Men’s Basketball team. The Tritons are currently the only team in the conference without a CCAA win, starting season play with a 1-5 overall record, and a 1-3 CCAA record. Over the weekend, UCSD competed at home, taking on Cal State Los Angeles on Friday, Nov. 30 and CSU Dominguez Hills on Saturday, going up early in both games before being overtaken down the home stretch. “We’ve been doing a lot of good things, we just need to put it all together,” UCSD head coach Chris Carlson said. “We haven’t really played a 40-minute game yet, and I think when we do it’s gonna be a real problem for the rest of the league.” Against CSU Dominguez Hills, UCSD seemed the better squad for the first 30 minutes of the game. The Tritons went into the second half with a 36-29 lead, which they extended to as much as 11-point lead after starting the period. But from there, the Toros began to chip at the lead, rushing the perimeter to defend UCSD’s shooters while continuing to shutdown the Triton forwards.
The discrepancy between UCSD’s shooting percentages in the first and second halves shine a light on one of the reasons why the Tritons were unable to close out the game. In the first half, UCSD went a very solid 46.7 percent, while shooting a dismal 24 percent in the second half. “I think we’ll shoot the ball better, I don’t think we’ve shot the ball well in recent weeks, and I know we’re a better shooting team than we are, and we just gotta keep working at it,” Carlson said. In games past, UCSD’s outside shooting ability has kept the Tritons in games. Senior shooting guard Tyler McGrath had another solid shooting night, going 6-for-13 from the field, while also picking up three threepointers. McGrath recorded his third team-leading performance, finishing with 19 points. Junior point guard James McCann did a solid job bringing up the ball for the Tritons, despite facing full-court man defense for most of the game, while also contributing 10 points. One of the biggest surprises on the night was freshman forward Drew Dyer’s offensive impact. The 6’6” forward has an affinity for the perimeter, getting open from the wing and knocking down shots as his defender sags off. Dyer ended the night with 13 points on top of six rebounds.
Women’s Soccer Concedes 1-0 Loss in National Title Match ▶ SPORTS from page 1
Fortunately, the Tritons have a twoweek break coming up, giving UCSD an opportunity to regroup and work. “We’re gonna work on our shooting,” Carlson said. “We’re gonna work on our defense. There were some times when we had some breakdowns in the second half that we need to work on. And we’re gonna get better at what we do, and we’re gonna work in the twoplus weeks that we’ve got here.” UCSD’s next game will not be until Dec. 16, against Pacifica at home. The Tritons then have another lengthy break, where they will not return to competition until Dec. 30. Readers can contact Rachel Uda at email@example.com
Sports Major, a Viable Option For Collegiate Athletes ▶ ANDERSoN, from page 12 what they do and work to be able to apply the skills learned in their majors to a wide array of fields including marketing, communications, design, public relations and
education. This same process would apply to sports majors. Through the classes student-athletes take, they would learn enough to have a backup career in the sports industry if going pro doesn’t work out — take physical therapy, sports manage-
ment or sports law, for instance. So maybe it’s too early to laugh at the idea of majoring in professional sports. For many student-athletes, it could be a viable step to a career in a booming, resilient industry.
“In the second half, it was a completely different game,” Hernandez said. “They came at us, and while they were attacking they managed to put one away, and we didn’t have enough time to come back.” The loss marks the last game for an unprecedented 10 UCSD seniors, with five of whom consistently starting for the past four seasons, and with three of whom garnering AllAmerican honors. Senior defenders Ellen Wilson and Hayley Johnson, anchoring a three-man backline that has allowed just 16 goals in 24 games, both earned All-American and AllCCAA honors. Senior midfielder Jessica Wi finishes her time at UCSD earning an All-America nod, while also being named to the AllCCAA team. Senior forward Gabi Hernandez earned the All-CCAA Tournament MVP, while senior defender Britnee Chesney also garnered All-Conference honors. “This is one of the best teams we’ve ever had at UCSD, both on the field and off the field,” McManus said
to the UCSD Athletics Department. “The things that they do to go the extra mile for the program has been tremendous.” The loss is the second time the Tritons came up short in the NCAA title match within the past three seasons. In 2010, UCSD fell to Grand Valley State, a squad they took down this season en route to the NCAA Championship. This season, 26-season tenured McManus will go without his eighth national title, but earns his 433rd career victory, making him the winningest coach in Division II history. McManus will be back next season, along with a squad that retains Brodsky, a goalkeeper who has proved herself as a freshman, as well as two of their most reliable goalscorers, junior Izzy Pozurama and sophomore Cassie Callahan. “I think that the underclassmen have stepped up a lot as we’ve progressed throughout the season, and I do think that they’re going to be successful beyond this,” Wilson said. Readers can contact Rachel Uda at firstname.lastname@example.org
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Sports Major, Not Just For Meatheads When I first heard about David Pargman’s proposal to create a sports major for college athletes, I laughed and groaned at the same time. Athletes are painfully aware of our reputation as a meatheaded, heavy-handed hive mind that’s oblivious to the world outside of grass fields and big muscles.
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Tritons Open ccaa play By Rachel Uda • Sports Editor Zev Hurwitz • News Editor WOMEN’S BASKETBALL — The UCSD Women’s Basketball team picked up a pair of much needed wins as they opened conference play on Friday, Nov. 30 and Saturday, Dec. 1 at RIMAC Arena. The Tritons, who took out conference opponents Cal State Los Angeles and CSU Dominguez Hills on consecutive nights, have quickly jumped to No. 2 in the CCAA standings, behind the 3-0 Chico State Wildcats. This weekend provided two crucial wins for UCSD who had struggled in non-conference play. The Tritons improve to one game under .500 at 4-5 on the season, winning back-to-back games for the first time since the NCAA Tournament last season. UCSD 70, Cal State Los Angeles 49 The Tritons never trailed in their Friday night rout of the visiting Golden Eagles. UCSD jumped to an early 15-0 lead. It took Cal State L.A. until 14:46 left in the first half to put up their first bucket, but the Tritons never looked back en route to a 38-26 halftime lead. Senior guard Daisy Feder had 12 first-half points on her way to a game-high of 21 points. After the Golden Eagles managed to reduce the lead to eight with 16:55 to play, UCSD went on an 8-0 run and kept a strong lead for the rest of the game. Sophomore point guard Miranda Seto tied her career high of 14 points and junior forward Erin Dautremont had 12 points and 11 rebounds for her second consecutive double-double. Feder has led the Tritons in scoring this season, and is averaging 21.1 points per game. UCSD head coach Heidi VanDerveer thinks Feder has been effective as a team leader this season. “As Daisy goes, we go,” VanDerveer said. “She’s actually relaxed while being aggressive and that’s helped her and helped us.”
with only six minutes to play in the game, but the Tritons were able to prevent a late Toro comeback by going on a 7-0 run. “We played with a lot more energy in the second half,” head coach Heidi VanDerveer said. “We were able to come back and grind it out and have people make big plays.” Four Tritons reached double figures with Feder again leading all scorers again with 25 points. UCSD shot 42.7 percent from the field and 90 percent from the foul line, but was badly outrebounded 40-26. “We need to rebound,” VanDerveer said. “Great teams rebound. We need to really work on boxing out, finding a body and getting much more aggressive on the glass.” The Tritons won’t play again until after finals week at UCSD when they travel to CSU San Bernardino on Dec. 16.
UCSD 74, CSU Dominguez Hills 66 The Toros kept their Saturday evening game against the Tritons close with both teams trading baskets for most of the first half. Nine turnovers plagued UCSD in the first half and the Toros outrebounded the Tritons by 12 heading into halftime. After trailing by a point at the end of the first half, the Tritons never lost the lead after a three-pointer by Seto to start the second half. UCSD’s lead was cut to three
The UCSD Women’s Basketball team is 2-0 in CCAA play, after taking back-to-back wins last weekend.
Oftentimes, especially for those of us at academics-focused institutions like UCSD, we try our best to refute that image. But at first impression, the idea of a major in sports just seems like the last nail in the coffin of sullied repute: another instance of the supposedly widespread (or at least rumored) practice of athletes skating through college by taking easy classes and gaining worthless degrees while focusing solely on workouts and games. But after reading Pargman’s proposal and the column by ThinkProgress.org’s Travis Waldron, an official major in professional sports may actually seem like a good idea. An athletics major would not involve sitting around a TV drinking beer and watching NFL players bash into each other for units. In fact, the proposal entails a rather daunting requirement list — among the classes proposed by Waldron are public speaking, anatomy, physiology, business, contract law, sportspecific labs and on-field training. In other words, after athletes have completed their GE courses, they would be given a comprehensive education in everything that goes into being a professional athlete — which many other majors offered to those interested in a sports career don’t supply. Other majors popular with student-athletes like physical therapy don’t involve soft-skill development needed by the pros like public speaking or knowledge of law. On the other side of the spectrum, degrees in marketing or sports management don’t offer tangible scientific knowledge about the human body that pro athletes and their managers also need to have a working knowledge of. The discipline might even give more academic direction and motivation to student-athletes otherwise disinterested in school by giving them an opportunity to major in their true aspiration of going pro. Sure, it might be impractical to attend college in the hopes of someday becoming a professional athlete. But as a Literature/Writing major, I’m hardly one to point any fingers. The thing is, students who major in supposedly impractical majors like visual arts, dance, literature, music and, yes, athletics, know that the chances are slim for making it big or even entering a career directly in line with their major. But those students are more often than not extremely passionate about See ANDERSON, page 11