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7 Vol 28 • November 2017 - April 2018

LOCAL GOVERNMENTS N E W

United Cities aoo Local Govemmefits A i;,,·P fii;;

S L E T T E R

THINK GLOBALLY ACT LOCALLY SDGs' IMPLEMENTATION / THROUGHLOCALGOVERNM /

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20 First Youngest , --------

12

17 Challenge to Improve Water and Sanitation

Moving Forward to Becoming a Smart City

Lady Mayor in Japan


FOREWORD

Won Hee-Ryong

Bernadia Irawati Tjandradewi

President, UCLG ASPAC

Secretary General, UCLG ASPAC

Governor, Jeju Special Self-Governing Province

Dear fellow members and partners,

Dear valued readers,

I am delighted to meet you again in this first issue of Local Governments Newsletter for 2018. We have done great so far and I believe 2018 is going to be a more fruitful year for all member cities and partners of UCLG ASPAC.

I am always excited to greet you, our members and partners, in this Local Governments Newsletter. Particularly because we have passed through 2017, the year full of achievement, and now start a new beginning in 2018. Happy New Year for us all!

As we enter 2018, UCLG ASPAC drives its focus on strengthening the synergy of local governments within Asia-Pacific region: to

Throughout the year, we, at UCLG ASPAC, embody the local governments’ spirit to implement and localise sustainable

establish more cooperation, to encourage them more to join hands and take real action in anticipating the impact of urbanisation in the future.

development goals. We, therefore, strive to assist local governments within our network to materialise the development goals in various ways. There are a lot of strategies, approaches and lessons learnt to share and be inspired.

When we talk about urbanisation, discussion on SDGs implementation is inevitable. This is a huge task and, thus, requires high involvement of various stakeholders in the process. It is also this particular reason that makes this year’s Executive Bureau Meeting take theme “Think Globally, Act Locally – SDGs Implementation through Local Governments,” a broad yet essential and foundational theme which will get sharpened at the 7th UCLG ASPAC Congress to be held in Surabaya later this year. Both meetings will present enlightening discourse from prominent speakers and eye-opening innovation, practices, and experiences from other leaders. I rally you all to make good use of the opportunity: expand the network, strengthen the collaboration, and bring up innovations to cities. As enthusiastic as I am in walking through the journey of development, I was reminded that the time has come for me to pass the leadership role as the President of UCLG ASPAC to others. It is a wonderful experience to be able to contribute in the biggest local government network in Asia-Pacific region, to provide opportunities to not only develop partnerships on shared problems but also expand networks to exchange expertise to achieve our global goals. I heartily thank all members, partners, and Secretariat Team, for your trust and your continuous support during my leadership. Together, we can do more for the development of our beloved AsiaPacific community. Once again, thanks for the amazing journey.

Entering the third year of SDGs adoption, we see the importance to amplify the message once more and at the same time provide platform for local governments to accelerate their development through intensive discussion, knowledge and expertise exchange, as well as networking with other local governments and our global partners. Putting all these in one bowl, we arranged the first session of UCLG ASPAC Executive Bureau Meeting in accordance with that, “Think Globally Act Locally – SDGs Implementation through Local Governments.” Besides, local government leaders, distinguished representatives and other key stakeholders will also gather at the 7th UCLG ASPAC Congress in Surabaya (12-15 September 2018) to share progress on the implementation of SDGs and the New Urban Agenda and to have election for new leadership. I, therefore, encourage you all to come to our 7th UCLG ASPAC Congress. Finally, allow me as well to make use of this opportunity to congratulate President Won for completing his two terms of leadership as the President of UCLG ASPAC this year. Under his leadership, we, the Secretariat Team, were fully supported and fruitful in delivering services to all members. Jeju is also a very inspiring member with all of its innovation in environment, culture and tourism development; and we will continuously promote the city’s success stories to inspire other members. Last but not least; I hope every step taken by our organisation and every effort we make, will continuously strengthen our bond as a community to be better and more developed.


3 TABLE OF CONTENT

ANTICIPATING FUTURE IMPACT OF URBANISATION

4 OUR CONTRIBUTION IN WUF9

6 INTERVIEW WITH DATUK MAHADI

EMPOWERING YOUTH, EMPOWERING CITY TO DEVELOP

23

8 YOKOHAMA CITY PROJECT

E-COMMERCE TRAINING WORKSHOP

10

24

CHALLENGE TO IMPROVE WATER AND SANITATION

FUZHOU’S 21ST CENTURY MARITIME COOPERATION COMMITTEE

12

25

BUILD BACK BETTER AFTER DISASTER

A CELEBRATION TO DEVELOP INTO A GLOBAL GARDEN CITY

14

26

BANGKOK’S CLEAN TECHNOLOGY FUND PROGRAM

DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE MARINE TOURISM

27

16

THE LIVABLE AND GREEN CITY

MOVING FORWARD TO BECOMING A SMART CITY

28

17

COORDINATING PRIVATE SECTOR RESOURCES

LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

29

18

ACHIEVEMENTS TOWARDS GENDER EQUALITY

FIRST YOUNGEST LADY MAYOR IN JAPAN

30

20

CAPACITY AND INSTITUTION BUILDING

31

INTERVIEW WITH F.X HADI RUDYATMO

22

SUB-REGION UPDATE

32 CALENDAR OF ACTIVITIES

34


LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS ANTICIPATING FUTURE IMPACT OF URBANISATION

Statistics shows that Asia-Pacific occupies the top rank of crime in 2017. (Numbeo)

THE speed and scope of urbanisation in

The call for local governments to take real and tangible actions for local development is getting louder, since it is intimately linked to the prosperity of Nations.

SE CU

Y OM

TY RI

EC ON

Asia and the Pacific is unprecedented. Between 1980 and 2010, the region’s cities grew by around one billion people. United Nations projections show they will add another one billion by 2040. (Habitat3)

URBANISATION

O

EN

Climate change may threaten the sustainability of water use in urban centers by reducing water availability and quality from surface and groundwater sources, while water demand for household and industrial use may simultaneously increase as temperatures rise. (ADB)

IL

IE

IR

NC

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ENV

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Despite rapid economic growth, massive employment generation and impressive gains in poverty reduction, income poverty is still widespread in the region. (Habitat3)

S RE

T

Asia and the Pacific is the region most affected by natural disasters. In 2011, the Asia and Pacific region accounted for 212 million victims of various natural disasters, 86.4 per cent of the number reported worldwide. It also suffered the most physical damage: USD 296.6 billion or 80.7 per cent of worldwide losses. (Habitat3)

MAIN CHALLENGES INFRASTRUCTURE

POVERTY

LIMITED MUNICIPAL BUDGET

In addition to adequate roads that connect

Instead of the reported of rapidly increasing

With a lot of things to do in local level for

vital areas in a city which contributes to local

economic growth in Asia, data shows that 330

sustainable development, local governments

and national economic growth, data shows

million people are still living on less than $1.90

face limited fund. Global economy crash hitting

that more than 400 million Asians still lack

(2011 PPP) a day; and approximately 1.2 billion

nations not only limits local governments’

electricity; roughly 300 million have no access

people in Asia and the Pacific are below the

access to bigger funding allocation from central

to safe drinking water and 1.5 billion lack basic

poverty line of $3.10 (2011 PPP) a day (ADB),

government, but also stagnant local economic

sanitation. (ADB)

making poverty one of great challenge by local

development; which eventually impacts on

government.

minimum local revenue to be utilised to develop local area.


5 SOLUTION GLOBALLY ADOPTED IN 2015 PEACE, JUSTICE AND STRONG INSTITUTIONS

16

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at

17

PARTNERSHIP FOR THE GOALS

1

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development.

NO POVERTY

2

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

ZERO HUNGER

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

3

all levels.

GOOD HEALTH AND WELL BEING Ensure healthy lives and

LIFE ON LAND

promote well-being for all at 15

all ages.

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably

4

manage forests, combat

Ensure inclusive and

desertification, and halt and

and promote lifelong learning

LOCAL

halt biodiversity loss. 14

opportunities for all.

GOVERNMENT

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

5

empower all women and girls.

13 6

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its

sustainable management of

12

water and sanitation for all. 7

Ensure sustainable consumption and production

9

patterns.

SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND COMMUNITIES

CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION Ensure availability and

impacts.

RESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION

GENDER EQUALITY Achieve gender equality and

FOCUSED

for sustainable development.

CLIMATE ACTION

equitable quality education

MORE

reverse land degradation and

LIFE BELOW WATER

QUALITY EDUCATION

11

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

REDUCED INEQUALITIES Reduce inequality within and among countries.

10

INDUSTRY, INNOVATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE

8

DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH

AFFORDABLE AND CLEAN ENERGY Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

Build resilient

Promote sustained, inclusive

infrastructure, promote

and sustainable economic

inclusive and sustainable

growth, full and productive

industrialisation and foster

employment and decent

innovation.

work for all.

CALL TO ACTION COOPERATION Implementing SDGs is a huge task. Local government needs to explore and identify collaboration opportunities in order to be able to implement it efficiently. The collaboration should also be inclusive (by involving private sectors, local community groups, etc.) and put people on the center.

COMMITMENT Local governments (from leaders to staff in various departments), need to sit together and align vision. They also need to spell out shared commitment to integrate SDGs in their local planning. Included is the setting up of monitoring and evaluation plan in order to continually reflect and improve the efforts taken.

INNOVATION Local governments need to bring up innovation to their respective city. The term innovation not only caters to the brand new idea that has not been used anywhere before, but also includes replication from other areas.


INTERFERING IN THE GLOBAL PLATFORM BY BRINGING UP ASIA-PACIFIC PERSPECTIVES: OUR CONTRIBUTION IN WUF9

Global participants in the press conference of the 9th World Urban Forum.

UCLG

ASPAC brought the voice of local governments within Asia-

perspectives: from cutting the channel that made community undervalue

Pacific Region to the global stage in the ninth session of the World Urban

women (Mayor Tri Rismaharini, Surabaya) to engaging men in the efforts

Forum (WUF9) with the theme “Cities 2030 – Cities for All: Implementing

(Mayor Stephany Uy-Tan, Catbalogan) and valuing the hard-fought

the New Urban Agenda,” Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 7 – 13 February 2018.

campaign now allowing women to vote and take part in the political life in

UCLG ASPAC inspired the global participants by leading three key sessions

society (Carola Gunnarson, Mayor of Sala). The forum, presenting a panel

discussing topics that would accelerate sustainable urban development:

of women leaders from different world regions also continuously reminded

Women Mayors Forum, City Enabling Environment, and Public Space for

the importance of empowering women in expressing themselves and also

All. UCLG ASPAC also collaborated with Global Task Force’s Team on the

to make efforts to gain trust and change the mind of people, particularly

World Assembly of Local and Regional Governments, Localising the Global

in fields where women cannot be a leader. Bernadia Irawati Tjandradewi,

Agenda and Local Governments’ Role in its Monitoring and Implementation,

Secretary General of UCLG ASPAC, summed up, “Gender equality means

and with its partners to exchange knowledge on the Belt and Road Initiative,

that we all understand about the position of both men and women, and that

financing, urban planning, culture, collective housing and upscaling city

they are equal. And women empowerment is a must.”

networks. WUF9, as the first forum to be held since the adoption of the New Urban Agenda (NUA) at the Habitat III Conference in Quito, Ecuador (2016), uniquely highlighted NUA as a way of implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It also called for aligning NUA monitoring with the SDGs’ follow up and review process (which include voluntary reports by different stakeholders), particularly SDG 11 on sustainable cities.

Mainstreaming Women’s Role in Local Government The Women Mayors Forum (held on 8 February 2018) took theme “Empowered Women Challenging the Norms.” The forum inspired global attendees on the eye-opening roles of women mayors in their leaderships. Dato Maimunah Mohd Sharif, UN Habitat’s Executive Director once a Mayor of Penang, highlighted women’s transformative leadership. “Power is used

Providing Tool for Local and National Government to Move Forward

to create change, and develop people and communities; it is often a non-

UCLG ASPAC also provided tool for local governments to accelerate their

hierarchical and participatory form of governance that gives priority to

efforts in pursuing sustainable development. The introduction of this tool

disadvantaged sectors,” she said. She was also mentioning her effort in

was arranged in a launching session of City Enabling Environment Rating

integrating gender perspective into governance process and development

(CEE Rating) Publication. The session exposed to the global participants

of policy and planning. The discussion also presented various other

recognition of local governments in the constitutional and legal framework,


7 and also the unfortunate fact that the implementation of their authority hasn’t been able to be carried successfully. “Many countries have legislated decentralisation and roles of the local government but very few have been implemented,” said William Cobbett, Director of Cities Alliance. Patrick Keuleers, Director/Chief of Profession, Governance and Peacebuilding, UNDP, therefore mentioned, “CEE acts as a method to identify which sectors we should try to engage in enhancing cooperation between national and provincial government.” Imparting insight from the similar assessment done by UCLG Africa, its Secretary General Jean Pierre Elong Mbassy said, “Enabling Environment created by different countries for local government’s work is not about what is done by the government, but it is an assessment of cities and countries based on how they are doing and what they do need.” few to transporting all, and from giving space for private cars to opening public space for all.” At the end of the discussion, it was revealed that attending participants highlighted the importance of collaboration between different departments, diversity of uses, sensory dimension in public space development, public space’s role as a place to take value from and to contribute to grassroots communities, and mediating between stakeholders competing for public space control and use. UN Habitat’s Cecilia Andersson stressed the need to understand how people can move freely in the city and how public spaces enable them to do so. On the last day, participants praised the resource speakers for the new ideas and angles on public space they learned, and expressed their interest to remain in touch with one another. The training program was closed by UCLG ASPAC Secretary General, giving her remarks on how public space builds the character of a society, and encouraging the participants to immediately do something for

For download: https://bit.ly/2GvHMVg.

Pushing Through Inclusion of Local People in Developing the City UCLG ASPAC, through a two-day Public Space training and session, put under spotlight the importance of public space strategy. The session took note the importance of balancing the approach of top-down and bottom-up, from ‘designing’ the place to ‘feeling’ the needs and context of local people, and shifting from engaging local people to empowering them. Dr. GyengChul Kim, Special Advisor for Transport of UCLG ASPAC, said “in achieving

public space given their roles in the city. At the end of the world level forum, UCLG ASPAC joined hands with other global leaders and took part in Kuala Lumpur Declaration on Cities 2030. It reflects the global commitment to localise and implement the New Urban Agenda as a catalyst in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. The declaration recognises the importance of cooperation amongst all relevant stakeholders to establish sustainable, inclusive and resilient cities. Subnational and local governments’ role should be supported, communities should be empowered, strong urban governance should be implemented, and monitoring and assessment mechanisms should be established.

sustainable human city and public space, we need a paradigm shift from private car ownership to public transport, from moving the privileged

Participants of #WUF9 in the World Assembly of Local and Regional Governments.


MAYOR OF SURAKARTA

Public Space, Cultural and City Development

INTERVIEW WITH

DATUK MAHADI A: We say, “KL is arriving.” People are increasingly interested in coming here, and the World Urban Forum really brought everyone together too. We are looking to provide space for different cultures to be represented in the city - we want public space to be attractive for all. We are looking at some examples, such as the Victorian Multicultural Commission in Australia, to see how we may give voice to the culturally diverse communities in Kuala Lumpur.

IN the days following UN-Habitat’s 9th World Urban Forum in Kuala Lumpur, Viola Petrella, intern in UCLG ASPAC as Public Space Assistant, had the chance to interview Datuk Haji Mahadi bin Che’ Ngah, Executive Director (Project Management) of Kuala Lumpur City Hall, on public space, KL City, its diverse community and future developments. Ir. Sabudin bin Mohd Salleh, Senior Deputy Director of Civil Engineering and Urban Transportation Department, Norzaini Binti Noordin, Senior Deputy Director of Project Implementation and Building Maintenance Department, Noor Haida binti Hashim, Deputy Director of Landscape and Recreation Department, and Md Aznan bin Md Zain, Deputy Director of Corporate Planning Department were also present and joined the conversation.

Q: What is your definition of public space?

A: Normally, we would say that any open land that belongs to the government, such as squares, parks, plazas, recreational areas, roads and infrastructure, gardens and other spaces that are accessible to all, are public space. But there are also private open spaces, which are privately owned and managed but are open to the public.

Q: Do you think public space in KL reflects this definition?

A: Yes - although there are some limitations for private open space. When the private sector wants to develop an area, they must provide sufficient open space to comply to planning rules and regulations, such as ensuring its maintenance and ownership. The public sector holds the private sector accountable for these commitments.

Q: There have been plenty of pop-up public spaces in KL during the World Urban Forum. Do you feel this type of temporary space has potential as a tool to determine the location of future public space in the city?

A: We took the chance of the WUF to experiment with public space solutions

Q: What are your aspirations for KL? Both professionally and personally, what would you like to see more of in KL?

A:

(Datuk Mahadi) I would really like to see more public space! But there are many conflicting demands from different stakeholders - investors, different social groups, people demanding walkable open public space. We are looking to making streets less cluttered, full of poles for unnecessary signages… less “intense,” so to speak. Due to scarcity of land, any available space can become public space: we might be able to create more, thanks to the pop-up experiments of the past weeks. There are also many old, dilapidated areas in the city which may be ready for redevelopment - that could also provide new public spaces.

Q: Speaking of soft mobility, I have noticed there are several cycling lanes which look quite new…

A: We are following the Low Carbon Society Blueprint for Kuala Lumpur 2025 as we want the city to be clean and with clean air quality. The cycling lanes were completed before the World Urban Forum - we now have 11.8 kilometers of new cycling routes, all rated 3 to 5 stars in the Star Rating assessment performed through the International Road Assessment Programme (iRAP). We are looking to extend these routes, with the longterm goal of creating a network of cycling lanes connecting the center of Kuala Lumpur with the city fringes; we also value education when it comes to road safety, so we plan to engage school children in road safety-related activities. We would like to limit the number of cars entering the city centre, so on street parking will be reduced and thus, create more space for walking. Another issue is that of shade, which is much needed in KL we plan to increase the number of trees, thus reducing heat and making walking a more pleasurable experience.

in the city. We see these pop-up spaces as a chance for local people and visitors to congregate and contribute to define public space. We are planning for better viability in the city and that will free up land, but KL City Centre lacks the necessary amount of land to make large scale public space, so we really see these smaller scale solutions - pocket parks, courtyards, roof gardens - as a creative way to provide the public space for citizens, and particularly young people. It is just a matter of time before we start implementing them in a more permanent way, we need more assessments and are looking into community-driven management models as well.

Q: KL is a world-class city with an international community. Do you feel public space plays a role in mediating between different cultures and building peace and prosperity in KL?

Public Space Interview


9 Six Key Factors Local Governments Need to Take into Account when Developing Public Space At the World Urban Forum, 52 participants from 20 different countries reunited at the Public Space (PS) training event organised by UCLG ASPAC. Six main points emerged from the debate and collective reflection on public space, its creation and its management:

1. Capacity development in PS creation and management Here, “capacity development” refers to a variety of different stakeholders in the process of public space creation and management. There is the need to create general awareness about public space and its importance, as well as to build capacity for place-making within Civil Society

plan, with CSOs and NGOs acting as connectors between communities and local authorities. Finally, public space is a source of livelihood for many urban residents and small or micro economic activities should be preserved - as well as social uses that do not require any spending power.

6. Design of public space and design for its management

Organisations (CSOs) and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs). Establishing partnerships between CSOs, NGOs, the private sector and

Data should be collected in support of proper design of public space.

local governments may also increase the organisations’ respective

This includes mapping existing resources and public places as well as

capacities.

recording the citizens’ needs in a participatory way. Public space should resonate with the local climate and indigenous species, be in a network

2. Inclusivity in creation and management of public space Inclusive redevelopment is one that does not displace poorer residents or communities and that respects the local residents’ culture and customs; from the very start, inclusivity regardless of age, gender, race, religion or

and within a 10-minute walk; it should be designed for flexibility and changes in use, balancing different public space typologies across the city and preserving daily life routines. Finally, there is a need to constantly monitor the design, delivery and management of public space in an inclusive way to make sure public space responds to the changing needs of the urban population.

disability must be designed into a public space and into its management strategy.

3. Legal framework and policy for PS creation and management The private sector can engage in the creation of public space, but must also participate in its management, with local governments building a legal framework for public space implementation and sustainability. This should enable fruitful negotiations and the creation of smart, collaborative and fair management strategies.

4. Mobility in the design and management of PS A focus on soft mobility and public transportation over the private car, as well as a full-time or part-time pedestrianisation of public space, are crucial to achieving sustainable, good-quality public space.

5. Community engagement and participation in PS creation and management Local communities must be engaged in every phase of public space creation and management. Balancing different stakeholders is essential to achieve integration of different uses and to foster a sense of belonging to public space. Communities could provide input and pursue an action

“Urban Symphony,” a pop-up public space set up in the 9th World Urban Forum.


YOKOHAMA CITY PROJECT

AN INCLUSIVE PROJECT IN OVERCOMING CHALLENGES FACED BY CITY’S INHABITANTS: FROM LOCAL GOVERNMENTS TO LOCAL PEOPLE

As many as 3,300 campaigns and 11,000 seminars were conducted across the city to make people understand best waste management practices. The result was astounding, from being just another large city generating over 1.5 million tones of trash annually, waste generation in Yokohama was cut down to 1.1 million tones by 2005, which was five years ahead of the 2010 deadline.”

1

Further Challenges for the 3Rs

Reduce Reuse Recycle

REDUCEthe THEtotal TOTAL AMOUNT Reduce amount of OF garbage recycles GARBAGEand AND RECYCLES

Reduced by more than 3%

1.275

1.237

million tons

Shinzo Abe

million tons

FY2009

(base year)

Japan Prime Minister

2

YOKOHAMA, located on Tokyo Bay in the Kanto region, is Japan’s second largest city with a population of 3.6 million people. Rapid urbanisation poses

FY2013

(1st term target year)

Preventing climate change by reducing garbage

CO2

significant urban challenges to Yokohama such as environmental disruption,

0.282

energy issue, pollution and waste. See how Yokohama has overcome those

FY2009

Aiming to build the next generation energy infrastructure and maximising

(base year)

CO2 reduction, Yokohama Smart City Project (YSCP) was established back in

1.211 million tons

FY2017

(2nd term target year)

0.253 million tons -C02

FY2013

(1st term target year)

Reduced by more than 10%

1.147 million tons

FY2025

(Final target year)

Greenhouse gas gas emissions emissions from from Greenhouse garbage disposal

Reduced by more than 10%

CO2

million tons -C02

challenges and become one of the biggest ‘Smart City’ in Japan.

Reduced by more than 5%

Reduced by more than 25%

0.211 million tons -C02

FY2017

(2nd term target year)

Reduced by more than 50%

1.141 million tons -C02

FY2025

(Final target year)

2010. YSCP was piloted in three districts of Yokohama: Minato Mirai 21(the

Yokohama established recycling sites to turn waste into something more

urban district), Kohoku New Town (the residential district), and Yokohama

useful. For example, they used recycled items to make thermal heating for

Green Valley (the industrial district).

swimming pools and baths. The Kanazawa plant, located along the sea, has a capacity to treat 1,200 tons of garbage a day and produces heat and electricity while getting rid of daily waste produced by city residents.

The project first started in April 2010 and was expected to be completed by 2015. The project includes various aspects such as renewable energy, energy management of households, buildings and local communities and electric vehicles. The local government collaborated with local people and private

Public participation is important, because it makes citizens happy and behave responsibly.

sector such as Nissan Motor, Toshiba, Panasonic and 31 other companies. The Mayor of Yokohama, Fumiko Hayashi, also encouraged local people to also participate. Several meetings were thus held with participation of local people not only adults but also students in order to make the project successful. To increase their participation and knowledge, about climate change, Yokohama

Yokohama also uses other techniques to keep their city healthy and clean.

Eco School (YES) project was then established to provide lectures, organise

Since the main focus of YSCP is to reduce carbon emissions by 25 per cent,

events and hold workshops. Local government of Yokohama believed that the

there are three different Energy Management Systems (EMS) used in this

key factor for successful implementation is that everyone contributes in their

project: Home Energy Management Systems, Building Energy Management

own way.

System, and Community Energy Management System.

32 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CO2 emissions target value t

Unit Base target 1.5 per cent reduction per year

CO2 emissions actual value t

actual unit base a

46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35

impacts of climate change through energy management system, Yokohama has developed these three ‘smart districts’ way ahead of the deadline, the Unit Base

(Thousand t-CO2)

With main focus to effectively manage energy usage and also to reduce the

YSCP was then expanded a project area covering about 435 square kilometers. In 2015, the Yokohama Smart Business Association (YSBA) was established to realise the energy-recycling promise of the YSCP demonstration, promote new activities, further develop the energy technology and systems created to this point. YSCP is a good example on how a smart city can implement energy and demand response at home, building and community levels.


11 Home Energy Management System (HEMS) After introducing the HEM system to 4,000 homes, by integrating power generators such as solar cells and fuel cell batteries, storage batteries with home electric appliances such as air conditioners, the system has resulted in 20 per cent reduction of carbon emissions.

Key Features of the project:

Building Energy Management System (BEMS)

• Electronic Vehicle (EV)

BEMS is installed for commercial buildings across the city with an area of 800,000 square metre to implement optimised power control and reduce peak energy consumption by 20 per cent. It optimises energy supply to an entire building by controlling co-generators, storage batteries and EV charging and discharging infrastructure.

There are two types of electronic vehicle, chargeable and dischargeable. Conducting automated settings for charging and discharging based on PV output, electronic consumption and EV usage patterns, etc. by integrating HEMS and BEMS with EV data center.

• Yokohama Eco School (YES) As part of the multiple efforts to reduce garbage, YES is a project with public participation. Activities including lectures, events and workshops on environment and global warming issues conducted by NPOs, business owners and universities are linked by YES in order to extend the network of learning, exchanging ideas and action taking to the entire city.

Community Energy Management System (CEMS) CEMS provides system stabilisation through the integration of the HEMS and BEMS with 2,000 electric vehicles, charging stations, SCADA storage batteries and photovoltaic (PV) solar energy generation. The use of renewable energy resources is the main priority of Yokohama. Those electric vehicles and charging stations were then placed throughout the city. Solar power generation, wind power generation, hydropower generation, and biomass power generation were also placed in over a dozen locations.

• Biomass power generation Heat energy from burning waste used effectively for generating power. Generated electricity is used within the facility as well as supplied to nearby facilities. Remaining power is sold to power companies through bidding.

Change of the amount of garbage and population

350

353

356

360

358

175 125

365

367

Yokohama G30 Plan Target 1.13 million tons

200 150

363

161

159

400 350 300

153

100

250

132

75

106

103

99

95

200

93

150

50

100

25

50

Ten Thousands Persons

Ten Thousands Tons

346

Change of the amount of general waste to landfills

0

0 FY2001

2002

2003

2004

Amount of garbage that the city of Yokohama processes

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

40 30 20

31

30

29

22

17

15

2005

2006

10

13

12

13

2007

2008

2009

0 FY2001

2002

2003

2004

Population

What SDGs ARE IMPLEMENTED?

Ensure Access to Affordable, Reliable, Sustainable and Modern Energy for All.

Build Resilient Infrastructure, Promote Inclusive and Sustainable Industrialisation and Foster Innovation.

Make Cities and Human Settlements Inclusive, Safe, Resilient and Sustainable.


CHALLENGE TO IMPROVE WATER AND SANITATION REFLECTING ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SDG 6 ENVIRONMENTAL

issues in most Asian developing countries are

associated with the high population density and rapid industrialisation. These issues include deforestation and some related wildfires causing heavy smog over parts of western Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore; over-exploitation of marine resources; and environmental problems associated with rapid urbanisation and economic development, including air pollution, solid waste management, and reliable water and wastewater services. Half of humanity now live in cities, and within two decades, nearly 60 per cent of the world’s inhabitants will be urban dwellers. Urban growth, therefore, faces challenges, especially related to water: it affects the sustainability of human urban settlements, such as lack of access to safe water and sanitation, and increasing water-related disasters such as floods and droughts. These problems, further, have enormous consequences on human health and wellbeing, safety, environment, economic growth, and development. The lack of adequate water, unsafe drinking water and sanitation facilities leads to health issues and commonly identified as a major cause of diarrhea, malaria and cholera outbreaks. Lack of clean water becomes a major concern because it reduces the level of hygiene in the communities and raises the probability of people contracting skin diseases or other waterborne diseases. Those who suffer the most of these water-related challenges are the urban poor, particularly low-income families and slum dwellers, often living in slum areas or informal settlements. It has further worsened the health impact.

Cities cannot be sustainable without ensuring reliable access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation. Coping with the growing needs of water and sanitation services within cities is one of the most pressing issues of this century. Sustainable, efficient, and equitable management of water in cities has never been as important as in today’s world.

DID YOU KNOW? • E  very 1 second, the urban population grows by 2 people. • In Africa and Asia, the urban population is expected to double between 2000 and 2030. •  The poor pay more. A slum dweller in Nairobi (Kenya) pays 5 to 7 times higher for a liter of water than an average North American citizen. •  828 million people living in slum conditions lack basic services such as drinking water and sanitation. This number increases by 6 million each year to hit a total of 889 million by 2020. •   62 per cent of the sub-Saharan Africa urban population and 43 per cent of the urban population of South-Central Asia live in slums. • 1 of 4 urban dwellers does not have access to improved sanitation facilities. • 27 per cent of urban dwellers in developing world do not have access to piped water at home.

Other countries have different policies with most strategies for the sector are formulated at national level. Capacity problems, funding constraints, and political factors at the sub-national level often mean national strategies are not well implemented. Furthermore, law enforcement is relatively weak, especially for environmental sanitation. The involvement of both government and private sector is essential for improving urban water and sanitation system. Innovative technologies in sanitation and water provision need to be explored. Urban sanitation,

Strategies and Policies

water and sewerage systems present the greater challenge, since standard sanitation technologies may not work due to overcrowding, lack of space, and the proximity of water sources. In water supply, decentralised technologies

Policy and regulatory responsibilities for the water and sanitation sector are

and approaches, such as point-of-use water treatment, would be much more

shared among several ministries. In the case of Indonesia, responsibility for

effective than centralised systems, due to the range of disparate sources and

the urban sector is shared between the Ministry of Home Affairs and the

multiple providers.

Ministry of Public Works; while the Ministry of Health is responsible for water quality-related aspects and, to a certain extent, rural services. Responsibility

Besides, the sustainability and continuity of water supply should be

for the urban sector is shared between the Ministry of Home Affairs and the

considered. Optimising water quality, quantity and sustainability will require

Ministry of Public Works.

water resource management involving a broad array of stakeholders. The government has initiated policy discussions on Water Safety Plans,


13 Recommendation FOR JakartA • Upscaling current community initiatives Improved sanitation systems with decentralised wastewater treatment may contribute to the solution to this issue, as well as community toilets that are owned and maintained by residents. which are aimed at ensuring the quality, quantity, continuity and affordability of water services. Some do the strengthening of Local Water Company’s governance and capacity by reviewing various roles, institutional processes, and accountabilities. The central level should establish minimum standards of performance for Local Water Companies with monitoring, enforcement and incentive mechanisms. Significant investments are needed in the water and sanitation sector.

• Proposed Model: Integrated Water and Sanitation The sanitation part will be paid by the subsidy from the water, such as: each household pays equivalent price for water and sanitation than what is currently the price for water only.

• ROLE ESTABLISHMENT AMONG STAKEHOLDERS Establishing a role in linking and aligning stakeholders interest among governments, businesses and the communities to set up development plans, and actively involved in decision-making processes from the beginning.

Jakarta case The sub-district of Penjaringan is located in a coastal low-land area in North-Jakarta with an altitude of approximately 1 meter above sea level. It is located right at the Jakarta Bay. It was and now still is a centre of small and large scale fishing activities for many years, which has attracted the development of informal settlements in the area. Why has Penjaringan been chosen? Due to its condition, it’s a poor populated area, where water and sanitation is definitely a challenge. This location is of high importance – it is home to the harbour area of Nizam Zachman Fishing Port (and fish processing factories) and is in the direct proximity of Sunda Kelapa Port (east). Within large infrastructural development plans, Penjaringan is to be transformed into a larger water catchment area, green area.

Frequent flooding is a major challenge in Penjaringan. This is due to combination of factors such as land subsidence (caused by excessive groundwater extraction), heavy rains, proximity to sea and rivers, and clogged (and inadequate) drainage systems, causing serious damage property and health issues.

What SDGs ARE IMPLEMENTED?

Drains only exist along the main roads and are in very bad conditions. Communities have built crude drains inside that are very shallow, uncovered, and often simply overflow. Without adequate sewage systems, many toilets discharge directly into the nearby Pluit reservoir, which overflows during rains and floods into the settlement, exacerbating pollution and the already unhygienic conditions in

Ensure Healthy Lives and Promote Well-Being For All at All Ages.

the settlement. This is worsening as the settlement is becoming more densely populated. Due to bad sanitary circumstances, many residents are affected by diseases such as dengue fever, lung tuberculosis and diarrhea. It is also one of the main reasons why people are forced to resettle.

Sub-district of Penjaringan, has over 125,000 people living in the settlement. The area deals with high population density, poor housing and limited access to basic services as potable water,

Ensure Availability and Sustainable Management of Water and Sanitation for All.

adequate sanitation, and drainage system. None of the community members in Penjaringan directly has access to safe and affordable drinking waters in their homes. Drinking water is bought from expensive private vendors. Water delivered through piped water systems is inadequate in both quality and quantity.

Make Cities and Human Settlements Inclusive, Safe, Resilient and Sustainable.


BUILD BACK BETTER AFTER DISASTER KATHMANDU WORLD HERITAGE SITE

THE

7.8 magnitude earthquake on 25 April 2015 in the Kathmandu Valley

Government, the recently restored Sundari Chowk (courtyard) and the most

killed more than 8,000 people. Eight million people were affected, 605,282

important temple in the Durbar Square, the Krishna Mandir, have survived.

buildings destroyed and 288,261 damaged (UNISDR, 2016).

However, many smaller pagoda temples that collapsed remain under restoration now.

Nepal is home to eight UNESCO World Heritage cultural sites. That includes three royal cities and several Hindu and Buddhist sites within the Kathmandu

April 2018 marks the anniversary of the devastating earthquake in Nepal

Valley, as well as the famous tourist and culture site “Patan Durbar” which is

occurred in the same month 2015. It has been three years after the deadly

located in modern Lalitpur in the south-central Kathmandu Valley. The Patan

quake hit over 900 heritage buildings and caused unprecedented loss of lives

Durbar is a royal palace complex built in the 17th century and is the seat of one

in the Kathmandu Valley. Signs of progress are visible. Based on UNESCO

of Nepal’s three kingdoms.

Kathmandu office, more than 750 historic buildings were damaged by the earthquake, 135 were completely destroyed. Until December 2017, less than

The collapse of Kathmandu’s Dharahara Tower (which looks similar to a nine storey building in height) and Patan Durbar Square over the ancient city and modern capital of Nepal has become symbol of the nation’s cultural loss in the wake of 2015 earthquake. According to Kathmandu City Metropolitan

ten per cent have been restored. International NGOs such as The Kathmandu Valley Preservation Trust and American and Nepalese charity have been actively involved to help Kathmandu City Government to rebuild and restore heritage sites using international funds and other two UN agencies UNESCO and UNISDR actively support the Nepal central government through regulation


15 “Awareness raising programs should be focused on local stakeholders and emphasised on the fact that DRR is everyone’s business. “ on post-disaster recovery stage. At the same time,

Reduction particularly in preserving the ancient

international universities have played big role in

heritage site. In the occasion of raising awereness,

supporting at the community level through sending

since 2012, Kathmandu City Government has

voluntary expertise. Many Nepalese Cities have

organised an annual Earthquake Safety Rally

firmly committed to implementing the Sendai

(ESR) event led by senior national figures from

Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, global plan

the streets of Kathmandu going to the city core,

for reducing disaster losses by 2030, which places

vulnerable areas and also city heritage site. The

particular emphasis on building back better with

event

a view to avoiding new risk and reducing existing

Government offices, community groups, the police

levels of risk.

force, the Nepal Army, and business sectors. This

engaged

representatives

from

various

What SDGs ARE IMPLEMENTED?

Make Cities and Human Settlements Inclusive, Safe, Resilient and Sustainable.

rally is considered as one of the effective means According to UNISDR, Kathmandu Metropolitan

of public awareness. Therefore, awareness raising

City has used the opportunity of Earthquake Safety

programs should be focused on local stakeholders

Day to highlight the importance of an inclusive

and emphasised on the fact that DRR is everyone’s

approach to DRR. This is one of headline messages

business.

of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk

Strengthen the Means of Implementation and Revitalise the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development.


BANGKOK’S CLEAN TECHNOLOGY FUND PROGRAM

BANGKOK, capital of Thailand, country with stellar economic growth in recent

energy efficiency through public and private sector investments. Each CTF

years, has faced increasing energy demand. The “need” is getting higher when

investment plan is tailored to align with the country’s development and

national level government applies tax refund policy for first-time car buyers.

environmental policy goals.

It leaves local government with additional task to solve: waste of gasoline and fuel.

Submission consisting of an investment plan (describing how the funds will be used in major sectors of the economy and how they complement

To keep the pace with the demand while also ensuring sustainability, tens of

activities under other available programs and the financing plan) made the

billions of dollars in investment required to transform Bangkok into a low-

World Bank Group and the relevant regional development bank then conduct a

carbon city. Alternative Energy Development Plan or AEDP was then launched.

joint mission involving government, private sector, experts, and other relevant stakeholders to Thailand. The Bangkok Clean Technology Fund program will

As supportive as national government with local government’s strenuous

use US$ 300 million co-financing under CTF consisting of US$ 70 million for

efforts to develop Bangkok into a more friendly city in terms of energy, they

bus rapid transit to build energy efficiency and US$ 230 million for alternative

faced limitation in financing. Supporting Bangkok, the capital city, Thailand

energy. Bangkok Clean Technology Fund program aims to attain a 20 per cent

government provided solution for the city by engaging global financing

share of alternative energy by 2022.

instrument to support funding through Clean Technology Fund financing. Gaining access to the fund, Bangkok not only has the support to transform Clean Technology Fund (CTF) is one of the four funding windows that make

itself into a low-carbon city, but it has also opened the opportunity of support

up the multi-donor Climate Investment Funds (CIF). It is a global financing

for national level government to make renewable energy as “National Agenda,”

instrument administrated by World Bank to help finance developing

enabling the country to pursue utilisation of alternative energy as a major

countries transition toward low-carbon development and improvements in

energy supply to replace oil import, increase country’s energy security, and enhance alternative energy technology industry.

Government >< CTF Engagement $100 million

Key Features of the project:

Blending of Fund

International Finance Corporation (IFC) blended

from the CTF administered by ADB

$8 million

It supports pioneering projects under the Private Sector Renewable Energy Program. These projects aimed at leading to over 430 MW installed capacity.

in commercial financing from its own resources with $4 million in concessional finance from CTF to support expansion of one of Thailand’s earliest solar developers.

This financing enabled

Solar Power Company Group (SPCG) to mobilise additional financing from local banks and bring 12 MW in utility-scale solar power capacity over the finish line. source: climateinvestmentfunds.org

What SDGs are implemented?

Ensure Access to Affordable, Reliable, Sustainable and Modern Energy for All.

Strong support from National government to local government in the efforts taken to overcome local problems.

• Commitment from local and national government to overcome environment and energy problems. The commitment will be a foundation for strong collaboration in overcoming shared problems. • Partnership with private sectors, not only to suceed the project, but also to work together in making Bangkok a low carbon city. This kind of partnership provides space for private sector to also undertake role as actor of city development and gives information to them to develop their business accordingly, contributing to city’s future aspiration.

Make Cities and Human Settlements Inclusive, Safe, Resilient and Sustainable.

Strengthen the Means of Implementation and Revitalise the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development.


17

UTILISING TECHNOLOGY, MOVING FORWARD TO BECOMING A SMART CITY A CASE STUDY FROM TAINAN IT

is without question that Tainan has become a

• HEALTHCARE

city rich of culture. The city witnessed the changing

The technology streamlines appointment booking

of ruling power, from Dutch East India Company

system for people seeking medical aid.

What SDGs are implemented?

to various Chinese dynasties and kingdoms, yet guarded its crucial role, as a trading base up to capital city of ruling power. Watching the historical changes

• TRANSPORTATION The Bureau of Transportation firstly provides free 4G

does not exclude Tainan from facing challenges

WiFi available to citizens: set in traffic light control

other cities have: outbreaks (dengue fever, bird flu),

boxes. Data (2017) records 1,200 4G WiFi hotspots

disasters (earthquakes, storms, typhoons), ageing

available, enabling citizens to access information

population, and becoming outmoded city. Can Tainan

(also provided by local government through mobile

overcome these challenges? How does the city of

application) on traffic, automatic parking operation

history and culture cope with current challenges yet

services, and citizen card payment.

impact its future? Local government of Tainan chooses to utilise

• TOURISM Information on tourism is provided through Beacon

technology (4G) approach in envisaging the city’s four

(small Bluetooth information transmitter). Places

visions (to maintain its cultural richness, to become

installed with Beacons will give information to tourists

tourist paradise, to pursue low carbon emission, and

(through application, such as Guide to Historical

to become a technology city); and further translate

Sites) on nearby foods and shops, scenic spots, and

them into six concrete plans.

tourist attractions. Bureau of Transportation also

• INNOVATION - Open Data Service Local government of Tainan openly announced its plan to renew Feiyan village due to its shabby condition.

Put

in

social

media,

government

accommodated the discussions of local people. Based on random selection, 108 citizens were selected to participate in public forum which also involved community representatives of Feiyan village, local NGO and developer. Government also made all information available to public, such as the meeting manual, minutes of the meeting, and broadcast the open forum lively. From the discussion, in February 2017, the Urban Planning Committee of the Tainan City Government decided to cease the urban renewal project and turn it as a cultural park to conserve all the village site and historic buildings. Furthermore, due to the successful experience, the location of new city hall is also discussed in open forums.

Make Cities and Human Settlements Inclusive, Safe, Resilient and Sustainable.

provides the free 4G WiFi in busses.

Take Urgent Action to Combat Climate Change and Its Impacts.

• EDUCATION Optimising smartphone application, free digital skills classes are provided for senior citizens. Topics include smartphone usage for travel, hotel booking, and medical appointments. In 2015, 3,428 residents registered; with 43 per cent are senior citizens (60-70 years old).

• DISASTER PREVENTION SYSTEM

Promote Peaceful and Inclusive Societies for Sustainable Development, Provide Access to Justice for All and Build Effective, Accountable and Inclusive Institutions at All Levels.

Local operator is engaged in the effort to control flood occurred in the city. Flood has become serious challenge in Tainan due to its location in lowland area and increasing heavy rainfall as impact of climate change. The collaboration is fruitful in creating early warning system for the flood by connecting flood control measures with 4G technology (real time monitoring system; integrating water level gauge, oil level gauge, and pumping station). Application of the

Strengthen the Means of Implementation and Revitalise the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development.

technology also generates information on how fast a flood really occurs and how long it takes to subside.

CITY’S FOUR VISION AND SIX PLANS Cultural Capital Low carbon Emission

Tourist Paradise Technology City

Innovation

Tourism

Smart City Operation Center / Cloud Architecture / Open Government Service APP / Open Data Service / loT Service Platform

O2O Video EC Platform / UGC Management Platform / Advertisement Profit Sharing System / 4G Rich Media Push Platform

Healthcare

Education

Community Health Management Service / Healthcare Service Platform / City Card Health Data Integration / Citizen Self Health Management Platform

Smart Campus APP / Mobile Education Platform / 4G Mobile and Education Promotion / Mobile Education Material Production / 4G and Fixed Dual Network Platform

Transportation

Water Resource

Smart Transportation Center / 4G Traffic Control Management Platform / 4G Smart Bus Stop

Mobile 4G Remote Monitoring System / Integrated Information Push Service / 4G Backup Network / Disaster Prevention System Integration


LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

BOLSTER LOCAL POTENCY, SUSTAIN LOCAL ECONOMY WITH INCLUSIVITY

UN and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and

Facts about AMUL

Development (OECD) have envisioned India to be the world’s

• Founded in 1946 to stop exploitation of farmers by middlemen.

largest producer of milk by 2026. This global-level contribution is made possible by the acknowledgement of local capacities for the

•  Managed by the Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd. (GCMMF), which is jointly owned by more than 3.6 million milk producers of Gujarat.

development of local economy and the full support of government to replicate the inclusive model.

Bottom-up Approach ANAND,

•  Spurred the White Revolution in India, making India at the top of milk producing nations.

a small town in the state of Gujarat, western India, saw the

flourishing number of dairy farmers in the area. The farmers, however, faced

• Awarded the “Best of All” Rajiv Gandhi National Quality Award. (1999)

unfair treatment from local trade cartel. The fact that milk is perishable and distant location from Anand to Bombay, city where the milk is distributed, forced farmers to sell milk for whatever offered by the cartel. This condition triggered a strike of dairy farmers refusing to be cowed down by the cartel. It ended up with a decision to establish their own cooperative, the Kaira District Co-operative Milk Producers Union Ltd.; which is now known as AMUL (Anand Milk Union Limited). The cooperative collected milk from local farmers (including those who can only produce 1-2 litres of milk per day) and delivered it to Bombay City. The cooperative applies model

the dairy and manage the business professionally, and most importantly, the cooperatives are sensitive to the needs of farmers and responsive to their demands. AMUL cooperative registered on 14 December 1946, consisting two societies that collected 250 litres of milk. The business model was then replicated throughout the country and currently, AMUL members supply more than 9.2 million liters of milk per day.

that establishes direct linkage between milk producers and consumers by eliminating middlemen. It applies a three-tiered structure, which involves local people (and representatives they elected) at village level (for milk collection), district level (procurement and processing), and state federation (marketing). The system, which was initially applied in two villages, was then decided, by the Prime Minister of India at that time, Lal Bahadur Shastri, to become the basis of a National Dairy Development policy. According to him, the success of AMUL is attributed to four key ideas: the farmers own the dairy, their elected representatives manage the village societies and the district union, they run

Support of National Level Keeps Benefits at Local Level Government has put their biggest support to AMUL by establishing National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in 1965. Set up with a basic goal to replicate the AMUL model throughout the country, NDDB implemented the Operation Flood programme (1970-1996). Carrying “national” term in the name, though, NDDB uniquely focused on small rural milk producers; making dairying an attractive option for many villagers. The low capital intensity, short operating cycle, and steady returns make dairying a preferred activity among marginal

4 Key Factors for Successful AMUL

and small farmers, who make up about 57 per cent of rural households in

1) Farmers own the dairy.

and made modern technology available to them. The national government,

India. The programme established milk producers cooperatives in villages

2) Their elected representatives manage the village societies and the district union. 3) They run the dairy and manage the business professionally. 4) The cooperatives are sensitive to the needs of farmers and responsive to their demands.

What SDGs are implemented?

therefore, keeps benefits at local level; but provides support up to state level. The continuous support from the government has resulted in uplifting “Anand Pattern” (an integrated cooperative structure that procures, processes, and markets) and thus promoting India as the largest milk producing nation in the world.

End Poverty in All Its Forms Everywhere.

Promote Sustained, Inclusive and Sustainable Economic Growth, Full and Productive Employment and Decent Work for All.

Reduce Inequality within and among Countries.


19 Facts about Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd. (GCMMF) • India’s largest exporter of dairy products and food product marketing organisation with annual turnover (2016-17) US$ 4.1 billion. • Daily milk procurement: approx. 18 million littres per day from 18,549 village milk cooperative societies, 18 member unions covering 33 districts, and 3.6 million milk producer members. • Present on Global Dairy Trade (GDT) platform, in which only the top six dairy players of the world sell their products.

The

model

A three tiered-bottom-up-structure consisting of dairy cooperative society at village level, united to a milk union at district level, and joined forces into milk federation at state level.

GCMMF

22

MARKET

in Gujarat

SALES REVENUE

State federations in India

SALES REVENUE

STATE MILK FEDERATION

Milk and Milk Product

17

DISTRICT UNION

180

DISTRICT MILK UNION

District union in India

in Gujarat

ADDL PRICE DIFF DIVIDENT ON SHARE

CATTLE FEED

Milk Money

Money

Bonus

16,914

VET. & AH SERVICES

RURAL SERVICE

VILLAGE DAIRY COOPERATIVE SOCIETY (VDCS)

144,500 VDCs in India

VDCS in Gujarat

3.2 million

PRODUCERS In Gujarat

15 MEMBER PRODUCERS

million in India

Key Features of the project:  stablishment of a direct E linkage between milk producers and consumers by eliminating middlemen.

Milk producers (farmers) control procurement, processing, and marketing.

Professional management.


FIRST YOUNGEST LADY MAYOR IN JAPAN START FROM LOCAL LEVEL, AMPLIFIED TO NATIONAL LEVEL JAPAN Times reported in 2016 that Japan ranked 163rd out of 193 countries in terms of women representation in national parliaments. It is not a satisfying record, indeed; however, in 2012, the country witnessed a 36-year-old Naomi Koshi take her role as the youngest mayor in Otsu, the capital city of Shiga Prefecture in Japan. Naomi Koshi is also Shiga’s first female mayor.

“The number of female mayors and governors in Japan is still low, only about 2 per cent overall. Therefore, I would like to use the fact that I am a female mayor and create a society where women can choose freedom.” – Naomi Koshi Mayor of Otsu


21 What SDGs ARE IMPLEMENTED?

Achieve Gender Equality and Empower All Women and Girls.

What Koshi has done

Koshi has also created new opportunity for women

Koshi puts great attention on women’s opportunity to

working space in Otsu starting from 2016. In form

stay in the workforce; particularly after women taking

of a shared office available for rent, the co-working

some time to take care of their new-born child. It also

office is aimed at facilitating women who would like to

relates to deeply rooted cultural expectation that

start a business again. Besides, a women’s business

only women take maternal leave. Data shows that

management school has also started and there is

only two per cent of male employees took parental

a group of female business owners that supports

leave in 2013 all over Japan. Combating this issue,

women entrepreneurs.

who have already quit their job by opening a co-

Promote Sustained, Inclusive and Sustainable Economic Growth, Full and Productive Employement, and Decent Work for all.

Koshi, in 2015, launched a new initiative which gives monetary incentives to male citizens who choose to take parental leave. Every male employee in City Hall is, thus, strongly encouraged to take parental leave when their wife gives birth.

Koshi has not only inspired many Japanese women to stay in the male-dominated-work-field, she has also advanced the city’s tourism sector, learning from Geneva for town planning using lake. She has been inspired to take advantage of Lake Biwa, the largest

As a result, the number of mother (having children up to

freshwater in Japan, and make it symbol of the city.

five years old) who are working full-time has increased

Moreover, she also plans to renovate the city’s tourist

by 50 per cent. Not to mention, the birth rate in Otsu

information center and promote traditional Japanese

has also been increasing. What Koshi has done not

home so that guests from overseas can experience

only contributes to local level but also national level:

Japanese culture.

Build Resilient Infrastructure, Promote Inclusive and Sustainable Industrialisation and Foster Innovation.

the recovery of population decline and labor shortages, which are going to be major problems facing Japan in the future.

It is difficult for women to run for elections in the first place because of gender-based discrimination in Japan, but today Naomi Koshi is serving her second

The inadequate number of existing nurseries also

term as the mayor of Otsu.

captured her attention. She noted 150 children were listed waiting for a spot in daycare. Improving this, she has increased the city subsidies to private nurseries and have successfully pushed for the construction of new nurseries capable of accommodating about 1,500 children. By doing this, she has not only improved the childcare programme, but also provided solution for working mother to get good care of their children while working. Koshi accomplished this effort in three years.

Reduce Inequality within and among Countries.

Keywords for Naomi Koshi’s achievement are gender equality, sensitive to local people’s needs, and replication in developing her city. Embodying these spirit, Naomi Koshi has contributed, not only to the city’s local development, but also to the national level; addressing the cultural aspect and encouraging population growth.

Make Cities and Human Settlements Inclusive, Safe, Resilient and Sustainable.

“I would like to do my part in making my city the best place for men and women to raise a family while working. A change in Otsu will act to further strengthen the Japanese voices that are pushing for gender equality nationwide.” – Naomi Koshi Mayor of Otsu


Public and Cultural Space in Surakarta

INTERVIEW WITH

F.X Hadi Rudyatmo MAYOR OF SURAKARTA

LOCATED 60 kilometers on the east of Yogyakarta, Surakarta (Solo) is less touristy compared to Yogyakarta. Famous for its puppet performance, Surakarta holds several events and festivals such as Solo Batik Carnival, Solo Keroncong Music Festival and Indonesia International Mask Festival every year. Surakarta is also the birthplace of the seventh President of Indonesia, Mr. Joko Widodo.

Q: The government of Surakarta is in the process of revitalising public space in this case the Wayang Orang Sriwedari (Human Puppet Sriwedari) Building. How does the government of Surakarta see the important role of public space in the cultural development and its contribution in the development of Surakarta? A: Public spaces serve as place to express cultural arts as well as efforts in the preservation of culture and as means of education to the public. It is important for cultural development. Its contribution includes as tourism destination, room for local citizens to express their artworks, a place to hold city’s art events such as carnival, performances, or mural. In wider scope, it also plays role in developing creative economy. Moreover, it can also provide a role in the development of the creative economy sector.

Q: The government of Surakarta focuses on cultural development as the essence of the city’s development. What is the impact of the policy applied in Surakarta? A: The preservation of tangible and intangible cultural heritage can be more focused and realised in accordance with city’s priorities; involving various parties such as local communities, observers, artists, etc. In the case of preservation for tangible cultural heritage, the city government is committed to revitalise all cultural heritage buildings that belong to the government back to its original form and functioned according to public interest. While for intangible heritage, government encourages the community (up to urban village level) to hold cultural events that strengthen and cultivate the village identity.

Q: The government of Surakarta in cooperation with UCLG ASPAC held the 2nd Solo Culture Workshop, “Cultural Strategy Development Peer-Learning Workshop and Public Forum.” What impression received by Surakarta Government? A: The 2nd Culture Workshop in Surakarta provides valuable recommendations for the development of public spaces, preservation of cultural heritage and the development of creative economy sector. International speakers

provided insights and examples of best practices of respective cities and replicable for Surakarta. Recommendations resulted from the Solo Culture Forum and its development strategy can contribute positively to the development of Surakarta culture, whether it is tangible or intangible. Surakarta is committed to following up those recommendations comprehensively.

Q: The result of the Solo Culture Workshop is expected to be adopted and implemented into short, medium or long term plans of Surakarta. How does local government of Surakarta make the recommendation in line with local policy? A: The vision of Surakarta in the Regional Long Term Development Plan for 2005-2025 is “Making Surakarta a Prosperous, Qualified, and Cultural Community”: •

 Prosperous: fulfilled physically and spiritually. The term includes fulfillment of clothing, food, and home; as well as spiritual life based on citizen’s own faith with great tolerance.

 Qualified in education and skills. Included is quality health, to play active role in governance and local development.

 ultured; every individual possesses good morals and behaviour, noble C character, and socially possesses good communication, kinship and broad horizon.

Vision and Mission of Surakarta City for period 2005-2025 is built on the aspiration to make Surakarta a cultural city with progressive and competitive spirit in facing challenges and opportunities. Included also is the adoption of various aspects in cultural protection, partnership with institutions to contribute to development, and local people’s ability to make Surakarta excel in trade and services. Dynamic development in Surakarta is based on key points determined by local government of Surakarta in putting forward improved public service delivery to the public.


23

EMPOWERING YOUTH, EMPOWERING CITIES TO DEVELOP KILGA ESTABLISH COLLABORATION TO CAPACITATE YOUTH

YOUTH empowerment spirit is embodied by members of UCLG ASPAC. With the variety of environment faced by youth in different area, tailor-made method of empowerment to suit the need of youth in certain area or city is required, taking into account specific goal that local authority would like to achieve in developing the youth and optimising their participation in society. Kiribati Local Government Association (KiLGA) is fully aware of the importance of youth empowerment. Thus, KiLGA fully supported the collaboration of ChildFund Kiribati and Kiribati Institute of Technology (KIT) to empower youth by holding a Bridging Course for teenagers in Betio Village (2017). The Bridging Course empowered youth by building their capacity on English language and practical skills on carpentry. The bridging course is the first to be held in Betio and received positive response from participating youth and their parents. As a result, this initiative was planned to be replicated, particularly to empower drop-out youths in Kiribati. At the end of 2017, KiLGA was in intensive discussion with ChildFund Kiribati in realising the plan to establish Youth Learning Centre (YLC). The point of discussion was more to put the establishment of YLC under authority of Ministry of Employment and Human Resources; enlarging the scope of learning centre from sport complex to pre-vocational and life skill training venue for youth of Betio, located next to the Kiribati Training Institute.

Youth in Kiribati participating in the workshop At the end of 2017, UCLG ASPAC conducted a survey to youth in order to know their interest to get involved in local development process. The survey involving 113 youth around Asia-Pacific region shows high interest of youth to get involved, but not yet accommodated by local government. In the survey 97.8 per cent of youth agree that empowerment is needed. UCLG ASPAC highly supports efforts conducted by local governments to empower youth and to also include them in local development process by any possible means. UCLG ASPAC therefore encourages and gives its highest support to all local governments that put great attention in developing youth in their respective cities.

Courses for the Youth


Jack Ma, the Co-Founder and Executive Chairman of Alibaba Group, spoke at the WTO’s event in December 2017.

E-COMMERCE TRAINING WORKSHOP FACILITATES DYNAMIC GROWTH OF E-COMMERCE E-COMMERCE is booming in global trade. The majority of small, medium

to consumers linking to the international markets, thus providing

and micro enterprises and individual entrepreneurs are engaging in low-cost

opportunities for small, medium and micro enterprises, young businessmen,

innovation, entrepreneurship and trade with the help of internet technology

rural areas and developing countries. In terms of economic growth, the

and E-commerce. With the increasingly inclusive role in E-commerce

total volume of cross-border E-commerce export and import in Hangzhou

development, Electronic World Trade spacePlatform (eWTP) has won

reached USD 10 billion in 2017, increasing by 500 times than the figure of

broad and extensive applause and recognition. During May 7 to 9 in 2018,

USD 20 million in 2014. In terms of employment, Alibaba, the world’s leading

the E-Commerce Training Workshop will be held in Hangzhou, China’s

e-commerce group, has created more than 33 million work opportunities

E-commerce Capital. Jointly sponsored by Belt & Road Local Cooperation

directly or indirectly. According to the forecast of Ali-research, by 2030, the

Committee of UCLG ASPAC, Alibaba Group will be planning and implementing

digital entities such as Ali-baba Group, Tencent and Alphabet will serve

this activity. The workshop commits to disseminating among the network of

more than 7 billion consumers worldwide, accounting for 82 per cent of

global cities the experience and practices of Alibaba Group, so as to help the

total population of the world. With the ever growing participants engaged,

local E-Commerce development.

the internet digital technology and E-Commerce are playing an ever more

new

important role in promoting economic development in the future. In the industrial era, railways, ports, banks, power plants are regarded as infrastructures of economic society. While in the time of digital economy,

In March 2016, Mr. Jack Ma, chairman of the Board of Alibaba Group proposed

internet facilities, E-commerce platforms and supporting inclusive financing,

the eWTP Initiative in the Boao Forum for Asia. The eWTP is an international

smart logistics system, big data and cloud computing have become the

cooperation platform driven by market and engaging extensive participation.

new infrastructures. E-commerce further lowers technological and financial

It fosters inclusive policy and business environment for cross-border

barriers, reduces information unbalance and helps to directly reach out

E-Commerce, to help the SMEs and young entrepreneurs to better participate in the global economy. In September 2016, the eWTP was recorded in the G20 communique. In December 2017, WTO、WEF and the eWTP jointly launched an initiative called “Enabling E-Commerce,” building a bridge to link the practice

Introduction of Taobao University

and the policy for global e-commerce. With increasingly more policy makers

Since establishment in 2006, Taobao University has a history of 12 years.

countries will be able to engage in the global trade via E-commerce platform.

The university has fostered many excellent vendors, who are the backbone

Thus the current situation in the globalisation will change and become more

force in today’s E-Commerce ecology. Conforming to the development trend

inclusive.

approving and joining in the eWTP Initiative, more SMEs and developing

of Internet Plus and trade globalisation, Taobao University has established local government E-Commerce training service system as well as the system

In collaboration with Taobao University, the core educational and training

for training international E-Commerce talents. Starting form 2017, with the

institute of Alibaba Group, the BRLC E-commerce Training Workshop will

aim to fostering talents for new business era of Internet, Taobao university

be composed of three day courses and study tours. The workshop will help

hosted Alibaba Global Classrooms in many countries, such as Malaysia,

participants to identify the development opportunities relating to E-Commerce

Indonesia, Australia and Germany. It had helped over 3000 overseas students

and eWTP, to grasp the keys to the development of E-Commerce.

to acquire cutting edge technical ability of Internet and E-Commerce, among those include representatives from nearly 100 global brands (for example Chemist Warehouse, Jurlique, Woolworths, Sasa, Charles & Keith, Catalo, Dairy Farm), SMEs, individual entrepreneurs and public institutional managers.

Participants will acquire experience and ideas from Alibaba cross-border E-Commerce platform and Hangzhou practice in developing in E-Commerce, and adapt to their local needs. With these efforts, the workshop will facilitate the local governments to seize the new opportunity of inclusive E-Commerce.


25 FUZHOU’S 21ST CENTURY MARITIME COOPERATION COMMITTEE Foundation SINCE ancient times, Fuzhou has been a window for China to connect to the outside world. Fuzhou has always been an important trade port along China’s southeast coast and a crucial portal of the Maritime Silk Road. In modern days, the city undertakes its role as cradle of China’s modern navy as well as the country’s modern industry and technology. Fuzhou port has the maximum berthing capacity of 300,000 tons and has opened 41 international shipping lines. Connecting the Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone to the north and the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone to the south, Fuzhou is not only leading the development of the northeastern part of Fujian Province but also the inland provinces. Fuzhou’s capacity and potencies has finally encouraged this city to take further action in optimising the role, by initiating the establishment of the 21st Century Maritime Cooperation Committee in the framework of UCLG ASPAC.

Fu Forest Footpath

Invitation to Build the Future Together

In many years to come, climate change will continue to be one of the

Fuzhou, through the 21 Century Maritime Cooperation Committee, invites

challenges in maintaining the stability of the ocean. Global warming is

member cities of UCLG ASPAC (for particular) and global cities and partners

causing the temperatures and sea levels to rise, creating severe weather

(at large) to jointly build the 21 Century Maritime Cooperation Centre and to

patterns. By strengthening our regional cooperation in the maritime sector,

set up effective dialogue and linkage mechanism for sharing of ideas and best

we can help improving the ocean’s health as well as tackling other challenges

practices on maritime cooperation. Building on that, the Committee will also

such as unsustainable fishing, conflicting uses of oceans, invasive species

integrate resources, implement key projects (by engaging different parties),

and many more.

st

st

and deepen cooperation in various fields, such as marine fisheries, marine conservation, waterway security, port as well as disaster prevention and relief.

The first General Assembly of the 21st Century Maritime Cooperation Committee will be held from May 17-19, 2018 in Fuzhou, China. This is the perfect opportunity for all members to discuss the development plan of the committee and seek substantial cooperation. There will also be a forum held by the committee on City Image and Tourism Cooperation where cities and other organisations can promote marine, cultural and tourism cooperation in their region. The General Assembly will also be held at the same time with the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Expo and the 20th Cross-Straits Fair for Economy and Trade. There is a lot more to be done to build resilience, this is just one step closer in realising it. The oceans and coasts of many Asia-Pacific countries are essential in achieving sustainable economic growth.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys


SUNCHEON

A CELEBRATION TO DEVELOP INTO A GLOBAL GARDEN CITY SUNCHEON of Jeollanam-do, the host of diverse tourist attractions such as Suncheon Bay Wetland Reserve, the world’s fifth biggest tideland and the first national garden of Republic of Korea, was visited by 9.06 million tourists. Welcoming the 70th promotion anniversary, the city will host four festivals representing four seasons of the year.

From Nature to Art and Culture

Winter Festival

The festival starts with the Bomkkot (spring flower) Festival from April 6th to

The festivity will continue from 2018 to 2019 with “Winter Starlight Festival”,

May 22nd. Officially dubbed as “A Hundred Million of Flowers, Spring Flower

to be held from December 21st to February 6th of 2019 around the Seomun

Festival,” it will feature art and culture programs such as flower party parade

plaza and Hanguk garden, with art and culture programs such as santa and

show, musicals, concerts of animation OSTs, ‘Oppaui Pumgyeok’ (Dignity

snow show, 3D façade, musics for kids, marionette show, magic performance

of men). During the event, the national garden site will be adorned with 100

and nighttime scenery of tens of thousands of starlights.

million and five thousand flowers including tulips, cherry blossoms, royal azaleas, rape flowers, peonies and roses.

Future Garden The “2018 Garden Industrial Design Exhibition” held from April 6th taking theme ‘Future garden where Everyone Lives and Breathes Together’ will offer how future gardens will appear through advancement of garden industry and culture involving AR (augmented reality), AI (artificial intelligence) applications, AI robots, smart gardens, VR (virtual reality) garden hands-on zone, general plant hospital and future jobs in garden. The city also plans to hold multiple international conferences for global experts with the theme of forest and garden in terms of academics as well as ‘Garden Business Day’ where producers and buyers of garden trees can meet and get engaged for actual business. The city government is making efforts to make all the programs throughout the festivals feature brand new garden-specific culture with a variety of enjoyment and programs.

Suncheon Bay National Garden Bomkkot Festival The festival will be followed by “Summer Mulbit Festival” from July 20 to th

August 26th which will feature water lighting shows, water fighting, DJ party and hip hop festival and electronic tron dance, while flowers like hydrangeas and sunflowers will light up the atmosphere of the already beautiful national garden in the night time. Tourists in Suncheon in the autumn of 2018 will

The city has also decided to make 2019 as “Year of visit to Suncheon” in memory of the 70th anniversary of promotion to city and will hold the announcement ceremony in Seoul in August in a bid to attract more tourists. The Suncheon government sets up its brand identity as ‘Center of ecotourism’ and plans to market it through diverse marketing campaigns.

be enjoying full fledged autumnal mood with cultural performances of “Suncheonbay Reeds Festival” such as Pumpkin flower parade, 7080 concerts,

In the meantime, the officials will check the city’s tourism infrastructure,

fall-in acoustic performance and postman show near the Hosujeongweon at

tourism-specific content and preparations to welcome tourists while

the east gate from September 21st to October 28th, along with the allure of

redoubling efforts on development of tourism products of Suncheon. Such

flowers such as chrysanthemum, red spider lilies, silver grass and cosmoses.

efforts include operation of “Travel bus” between Suncheon and Busan for foreigners, intra-city trolleybuses and tourist taxis for transportation

August 2018 will witness Suncheon Bay International Orchestra Festival and Animal Film Festival in Suncheonbay of which beginning will be marked by

conveniences of visitors to Suncheon, training workers of tourism industry so that they can serve with the tourists’ benefits in mind, improvement projects

Suncheon Cultural Heritage Night so that tourists as well as citizens can

of accommodations and restaurants.

enjoy Suncheon’s unique art and culture along with enhanced quality of life.

You are cordially welcomed to Suncheon, centre of eco-culture in Asia. (www.suncheon.go.kr)


27

GUNSAN

DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE MARINE TOURISM WHEN you think of a country that has lots of islands, is Korea one of them

prepared for current and possible future issues. The distinct characteristics of

that comes to your mind? To your surprise or not, Korea has the fourth largest

an island where space and resolving pollution are limited, the city is controlling

islands in the world, boasting its graceful island scenery.

the total number of car units entering the islands per day. In addition to this kind of simple action, the city is pursuing policies to induce peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s behavior.

On the west coast of Gunsan, a gift of Mother Nature, Gogunsan Islands is situated. This marine park-like islands has always been loved by tourists for its scenery, and CNN Travel selected Gogunsan Islands for the best 30 islands

For example, to make people use more public transportation, we introduce the first double-decker type city bus in the province, which attracts high attention from tourist along with public bicycles.

in Korea. On this beautiful Islands, an access road opened on December 28, 2017, linking the islands and the land. Beginning at the Saemangeum Seawall, the access road connects the four representative islands-out of the total 63 islands. The construction began in 2008 and completed almost after ten years at the total length of 8.77 km. With the opening of the access road, it is expected to improve the low mobility of the island community that will lead to improving the quality of life. Also, accelerated improvement in the underdeveloped settlement condition due to low accessibility will bring the balanced development in the city. And needless to say, it is giving enjoyable convenience to the tourists who had to pick the best weather and check the cruise and ferry schedules before. 3,000 visiting units a day during on weekdays can be a simple sign that Gunsan City opens a new chapter for its marine tourism. This, at the same time, means that we have to be very careful when an island loses its own identity as it is connected to the land from the previous cases.

Marine tourism is one of the industries that has closest relation to sustainability, which now opens a new page in the city of Gunsan. Gunsan believes that we can build a sustainable future for our marine tourism if we keep the conversation on policies and practices among the UCLG ASPAC members where the region has full of experiences in developing and maintaining island community.

To achieve compatibility of the sustainable island community and sustainable marine tourism, Gunsan established a taskforce team to solve and get


Nanhu Lake, Nanning

NANNING

THE LIVABLE AND GREEN CITY WITH

1700-year history, Nanning is famous for being the “Green City of

China” and a well-known ecological and livable city. The city won the “UN

Invitation to Participate and Collaborate

Habitat Scroll of Honor” in 2007. As a popular tourist destination, the city

With all the efforts and initiatives taken, Nanning proudly welcomes all

received over 100 million tourists in 2017. The total area of Nanning is about

leaders and interested participants to the 12th China (Nanning) International

22,000 km2, home for 7.5 million people, 3 million of which are living in urban

Garden Expo, which will be held from December 2018 to May 2019. The Expo

area. In the past six years, Nanning’s GDP has doubled and reached 65 billion

is the highest-level event in Chinese garden industry. It takes “Building an

USD in 2017, becoming one of the most dynamic economic growth poles in

Ecologically-Friendly and Livable City with Garden Architecture” as its theme.

southern China.

Currently, ten cities in ASEAN countries and nine cities along the Belt and Road gave their official consent of participation. The Garden Expo Park has

The City’s Commitment Nanning has put great commitment on environment. In recent years, the city has committed to implement sponge city strategy and wetland protection. Efforts taken include improvement of sewage treatment, reduction of water pollution sources, and improvement of the urban water environment. The city has also run trees and seasonal flower planting projects in important roads and node area, continuously increasing the intensity of naked land remediation and promoting three-dimensional greening. The application of clean energy such as natural gas, electricity and solar energy has also been actively promoted in the city. The supervision and rectification of industrial air pollution, vehicle emissions and kitchen waste disposal has also been the focus of local government.

been speeding up its construction and scheduled to put into trial operation in August 2017. To expand the network and collaboration, Nanning also invites leaders to the 15th China-ASEAN Expo, which will be held in September 2018. Co-organised by multinational governments, the expo carries out abundant activities and sets up a platform for multi-level exchange and cooperation between China and ASEAN with exhibitions as the core. Member cities of ASPAC are warmly welcome to visit Nanning during the two great expo to experience the grand gathering, and further the exchange and cooperation in more fields so as to contribute to the common prosperity and progress of the world’s cities.

Result of the Efforts Taken In recent years, the urban air quality rate has remained 95 per cent, of which the number of days of excellence reached 191 days in 2017. Through the air pollution control, PM10 and PM2.5 in 2017 decreased by 9.7 per cent and 2.8 per cent respectively over the previous year, and the city’s Air Quality Index (AQI) ranked 6th among all the provincial capital cities of China in 2017.

Nanning International Convention and Exhibition Center (NICEC)


29

KAOHSIUNG

COORDINATING PRIVATE SECTOR RESOURCES FOR MENTAL HEALTH CARE AFTER DISASTERS

DURING

significant disasters including 1999 Jiji earthquake, TransAsia

Airways plane crash, Typhoon Morakot, and 2014 Kaohsiung gas explosion, there were many voluntary organisations entering shelters in disaster-struck areas; the volunteers could be dozens of times more than victims and may not be well-supervised, which, in turn, will emerge as another type of disaster for victims. Therefore, organisations have to be well managed for most efficient rescue when disasters strike. Included in the preparation are provision of ample but not redundant resources allocated, minimised mental impact on victims, prevention of relevant metal diseases and problem behaviors, restoration of victimsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; healthy lives to be able to return to communities as soon as possible. Responding to that, Kaohsiung Cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Department of Health launched an initiative to manage the disaster mental health resources in 2017. The representatives visited mental health care organisations in the private sector, shared ideas and reached a consensus with them, and followed it up by determining work flow, division of labor, resource management, communication model, and education of mental health professionals. In addition, local city authorities also invited private organisations, Ministry of Health and Welfare and Department of Health from other counties and cities to the mental health resource management meeting to share experiences and ideas for counties and cities to develop their disaster relief policies. The effort has produced three main results. First, there are now 14 organisations including medical associations, religious organisations, and others coordinated by Department of Health, as a command center, to

Visiting the Kaohsiung branch of Buddhist Compassion Relief Tzu Chi Foundation

Visiting the New Kaohsiung branch of Red Cross Society of the Republic of China. construct information exchange platform based on communication software; from three organisations in the beginning. Second, the service model of mental health in emergencies is refined. Third, disaster prevention drills regarding mental health are conducted annually for organisations to rapidly assemble, provide proficient and appropriate services, minimise the impact of aftermath, and relieve distress among victims.


Sacrificial Ceremonies hosted by woman

TAIPEI

ACHIEVEMENTS TOWARDS GENDER EQUALITY TAIPEI City Government takes action to improve women’s rights. The Taipei

In recent years, the departments of the Taipei City Government have continued

City Commission on the Promotion of Women’s Rights was set up in 1996 as

to implement various policies to help break down gender stereotypes. For

the first commission to promote women’s rights through government and the

example, funeral rituals (which come under the purview of the Department

private sector.

of Civil Affairs) and traditional worship ceremonies (Taipei Hakka Affairs Commission) are deeply embedded in urban life. But these traditional cultural

On 7 March 2014, on the eve of International Women’s Day, the City Government again took the initiative in setting up the first Office for Gender Equality at the local government level in order to implement comprehensive gender equality policies and measures and to shine a spotlight on this area. This office reports directly to the mayor’s office and has been assigned full-time employees who are responsible for consolidating city-wide gender equality policies, general planning, and coordination and oversight of related policies, bills, plans and work reports. The office’s core mission is to implement all manner of gender mainstreaming tools and to improve the effectiveness of the gender equality campaign, including supporting departments under city government in formulating yearly implementation plans for gender mainstreaming, providing consultation

practices involve gender inequities and gender stereotypes, and prominent roles in funeral rituals and proceedings have traditionally been restricted to men. After targeted intervention by the City Government to advocate for gender equality and raise public awareness, together with assessments and subsidies, women are now no longer excluded from funeral rituals. This success shows that even well-entrenched customs are subject to progress, and that it is possible to make substantive steps towards the empowerment of women and the advancement of gender equality. Since the Office for Gender Equality was set up, occupational segregation has gradually diminished. For example, the proportion of women in high-ranking official positions in Taipei City Government increased from 27.41 per cent in 2014 to 29.82 per cent in 2016.

sessions on gender awareness and empowerment to agency members, assisting in the amendment of gender-related statistics and indices, assisting

Occupational stereotypes have also been eroded: in the past, bus drivers have

in gender analysis based on daily operations and reviewing gender impact

typically been male, but between 2014 and 2016 the number of female bus

assessments and gender-related budgets.

drivers increased from 111 to 133; in the same period, the number of male nurses in Taipei City Hospital increased from 53 to 70. Further, in 2016 the Taipei City Urban Search and Rescue Team took on its first two women team members. The addition of the two new members has encouraged women to consider moving into occupations related to disaster rescue. According to Chen Yi, researcher at the Office for Gender Equality, the task of working towards gender equality is very meaningful. One of the most important parts of Chen’s job is to raise the awareness and to regularly remind public servants to integrate gender equality measures into their services. Mayor Ko Wen-je believes that Taipei is clearly an open city which accepts difference and has the ability to integrate progressive values in a traditional Chinese society. Going forward, Taipei will remain committed to public interest, all the while championing the cause of gender equality.

Mascot of the Gender Equality Office


31

MALDIVES

CAPACITY AND INSTITUTION BUILDING THE of

Maldives, with a population

400,000

dispersed

amongst

approximately 200 small, remote islands adopted a decentralised form of governance in 2008. This brought significant changes to the structure and functions of the government as the newly formed local councils at the atoll, city and island levels were delegated increased responsibilities and

authority

necessitating

the

strengthening of their system and capacity for governance. A key area that required strengthening was that of procurement and financial accounting,

The impact of E-Council has been extremely positive and it has achieved the following objectives:

1.  Standardising

the local councilsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; financial management, procurement and administration systems and record keeping functions.

reporting and accountability of Local Councils. The newly adopted Decentralisation Act necessitated standardisation of accounting and procurement procedures throughout all councils. However due to limited skilled man-power, increased responsibilities and with a manual system, adhering to the regulations and maintaining proper record system has been very weak at the councils. The Local Government Authority (LGA) as the state agency to regulate and build capacity of councils, took the initiative to develop a system called E-Council - integrated financial, procurement and project management system to strengthen and standardise the internal procurement, financial and administrative structure of councils. The establishment of E-council software has been an innovative effort in terms of digitalising the manual procurement, administrative and financial framework of local councils. E-Council was selected as the winner from Maldives at the South Asia Procurement Innovation Award (SAPIA) 2017.

2. Establishing

efficient, accurate processing and accounting transactions with adequate control in place.

3. Enhancing the reporting process of local councils connecting them with the central government in line with statutory.

4. Providing economic and efficient services to the public. 5.

Establishment  of a robust information management system to collect data from councils.


SOUTHEAST ASIA

CATBALOGAN SHOWCASES SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN A CULTURAL PERFORMANCE From the land to the seas and to the skies, Tribu Katbalaugan has maintained its advocacy for promoting environmental protection in a festive platform that showcased relevant topics that concerns us all. For their fourth attempt in Sinulog, Tribu Katbalaugan showcased the story of a folkloric city, a future city that was able to balance environment, progress and faith. This was inspired from the personal advocacy of current City Mayor Stephany Uy-Tan on sustainable development, which Catbalogan City is actively promoting and implementing. Catbalogan City won 2nd Place in the Best in Street Dancing category, besting nearly 30 contingents for both the Free Interpretation (FI) and Sinulog-Based (SB) categories; 3rd Place in the Best in Ritual Dance for FI Category; and 4th Place in Best in Musicality for FI Category. From using solar and wind energy

One of Tribu Katbalaugan’s performances in promoting environmental protection.

KNOWN for their fast paced dance routines and enormous colorful props, Tribu Katbalaugan, Catbalogan City’s official festival contingent has always

to power the development, Tribu Katbalaugan told the tale during the Sinulog Festival 2018 of how we as a community can contribute to combat climate change and ensure a better future for the generations to come by changing our current ways and taking concrete actions.

incorporated environmental advocacy in all their performances since they were organised in 2014.

“Because big changes start with small steps, let us hold hands together and step forward together now.”

In 2017, Tribu Katbalaugan retained its 1st runner-up spot in the ritual dance and a championship title in street dancing in Sinulog for their performance

Mayor Stephany Uy-Tan of Catbalogan

that showcased the importance of bats in our ecosystem while clinching the 3rd prize in Aliwan for the tragic story of the sinking of M/V Doña Paz and how the fireflies helped fishermen find hope from the tragedy.

PACIFIC

NEW ZEALAND NEW GOVERNMENT

• Climate change – work is underway to look at the cost of adapting to both sea level rise and more extreme weather events. LGNZ is currently surveying its members to find out the potential cost of moving any underground and above ground infrastructure likely to be affected by sea level rise. Discussions are expected to occur with central government about how the cost will be met. • Drinking water is a major issue and LGNZ is working with the government on developing new regulations to ensure the ongoing quality of drinking water. Changes may also occur to the way in which both waste water and storm water services are regulated as well. • Meeting the needs of tourists – New Zealand has seen a considerable growth in tourists over recent years and the number of visitors is outstripping local amenities and services. Councils are looking for more resources and ways of getting income from visitors so as to invest in new tourist infrastructure. Central government has appointed a committee to

Local Government of New Zealand is seeking ways to optimise increasing growth of tourists over recent years.

AS

look at options. • Housing is a big issue in many councils. Population growth and limited

a result of the general elections in October 2017, New Zealand has

supply has seen a considerable increase in the price of houses resulting

a new government, for the first time in nine years. The new Labour/New

in affordability problems and a large increase in homelessness. LGNZ

Zealand First Coalition government led by Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, is

is working with the Government on a comprehensive programme to

working closely with Local Government of New Zealand (LGNZ) on a number

increase housing supply, including the supply of social housing.

of issues. The most important are:


33

SUB REGION UPDATE EAST ASIA THE population and visitors to Jeju island are dramatically and drastically increasing since 2013 and it has brought the positive and negative impacts. When it comes to the economics issue, it has contributed to the local community; however, it has also brought the negative impact on the Jeju society such as waste, heavy traffic jam, and soaring price of property. Jeju Provincial Government has reformed the public transportation system to decrease the usage of vehicles and emission of carbon. Local government of Jeju has run new public transportation system, which could be divided into three categories: faster, more convenient, and more reasonable price. 1) Faster. The priority bus lane system has been operating to let the bus and taxi go faster. New Express bus system has been newly established to connect with the transfer points, bus terminal inner city and the airport.

Jeju, one of popular tourist destinations in South Korea, has been promoting sustainable tourism.

2) More convenient. We have narrowed the interval of bus operation even

Running the system, local government of Jeju is in the process of monitoring

out of town area. Bus design has been improved and free Wi-Fi service is

on the new public transportation system and continuously upgrading this

available at the bus. Bus station was renovated, bus card was also provided

system to provide more convenience to the citizens and visitors and also

as a new welfare service.

meeting the demand of climate change issue.

3) More reasonable price. The basic bus fee is lower than before and coverage for the disabled and elderly people is expanded.

SOUTHWEST ASIA MUNICIPAL

Association of Nepal (MuAN) celebrated the association’s

Silver Jubilee on 16 March 2018 in Kathmandu. The event was attended by Mayors and Deputy Mayors, celebrating the shared commitment to improve respective local areas in Nepal. The event was also held back-to-back with the Project Launching and Signing Ceremony of “City Network Advocacy on Sanitation in South Asia,” an advocacy project by UCLG ASPAC supported by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to build capacity of local governments and local government associations. UCLG ASPAC was represented by Bernadia Irawati Tjandradewi, Secretary General, while MuAN was represented by its Executive Secretary, Kalanidhi Devkota. The signing ceremony formally marked the beginning of the threeyear project in the country.

Secretary General of UCLG ASPAC has received a plaque of appreciation on her outstanding contribution in enhancing of local government’s capacity in Asia-Pacific region.


UCLG ASPAC

CALENDAR OF ACTIVITIES 2018

MAY 3

Training on Leadership and Gender Equality for Improved Local Governance

17

The 1st General Assembly of the 21st Century Maritime Cooperation Committee and related forum

19

New Delhi | organised by AIILSG & UCLG ASPAC

Standing Committee Women in Local Governments

Fuzhou | organised by Fuzhou City Government and UCLG ASPAC

4

5

South Asian Cities Summit New Delhi | organised by AIILSG

23

26

UCLG Executive Bureau Strasbourg | organised by UCLG and Strasbourg City Government

7

9

2018 E-Commerce Training Workshop HANGZHOU | organised by Hangzhou City Government

JUN TO BE CONFIRMED

2nd Local Government Transport Officers Forum UCLG ASPAC INDONESIA | organised by UCLG ASPAC

JUL TO BE CONFIRMED

Singapore G-Com Launching

9

18

Singapore 8

12

World Cities Summit Livable & Sustainable Cities: Embracing the Future through Innovation and Collaboration

high-level political forum on sustainable development New York | organised by United Nations

16

19

Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction 2018 Ulaanbaatar | organised by UNISDR

Singapore TO BE CONFIRMED

ASEAN Mayors Forum Singapore

We would like to thank our members and partners for contributing photos and materials used for this newsletter. We want to hear from you! Please send your feedbacks and suggestions to communication@uclg-aspac.org


35 AUG TO BE CONFIRMED

Seminar on Smart City HANGZHOU | organised by UCLG ASPAC and BRLC Secretariat in collaboration with Zhejiang University

TO BE CONFIRMED

Workshop on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction JEJU | organised by UNITAR CIFAL Jeju and UCLG ASPAC

18

2

Sep

The 18th ASIAN Games JAKARTA, PALEMBANG | organised by Government of Indonesia and ASIAN Games Committee

SEP 12

15

The 7th UCLG ASPAC Congress

TO BE CONFIRMED

SURABAYA | organised by UCLG ASPAC and Surabaya City Government

Indonesia G-Com Launching and IUC Asia Training SURABAYA | organised by IUC Asia and UCLG ASPAC

OCT 8

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ECOTOURISM AND CONSERVATION EFFORTS Seberang Perai | organised by Seberang Perai Municipal Council (MPSP)

NOV 12

15

15th International Congress of Educating Cities CASCAIS | organised by IAEC and Cascais City

DEC TO BE CONFIRMED

General Assembly of Belt and Road Local Cooperation Committee HANGZHOU | organised by Hangzhou City Government and UCLG ASPAC

Note: *) Above activities do not include the projects and city-to-city cooperation either on multilateral or bilateral basis. *) To get full and updated list of events, do not hesitate to contact us.

Contributors: Jeollanamdo Province Gunsan City Government Nanning City Government Kaohsiung City Government Taipei City Government Maldives

Executive Editor: Indrarini Tenrisau Helmi Abidin Viola Petrella Tania Latifa

Bernadia Irawati Tjandradewi

Editors: Fulvia, Dianne May Seva


UCLG ASPAC Secretariat Jakarta Capital City Government (City Hall of Jakarta) Building E, 4th Floor. Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan No. 8-9 Central Jakarta 10110, Indonesia +62 21 389 02 801

uclgaspac

@uclgaspac

www.uclg-aspac.org communication@uclg-aspac.org

UCLG ASPAC Newsletter Vol 28  

UCLG ASPAC Newsletter Volume 28 Edition November - April 2018

UCLG ASPAC Newsletter Vol 28  

UCLG ASPAC Newsletter Volume 28 Edition November - April 2018

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