Jakarta: Moving Towards Compact City and TechnologyBased Planning
BEING the capital city of Indonesia, Jakarta has been viewed as a city of hope. Indonesians from all over the country come to the city with expectation to get better life, particularly the opportunity to have better livelihood. Resulting from this is massive urbanization growth, emergence of slum areas, and surplus in number of human resources supply. In facing these challenges, local government of Jakarta has taken several steps to make Jakarta a sustainable city. Local government of Jakarta believes that in achieving sustainability, it is important to respect the limitation of environment, resources and biodiversity; meet diverse needs of all people in existing and future communities, as well as build strong and sustainable economy. Building on this, they have implemented several solutions to overcome problems faced by city of Jakarta: floods, scarcity of raw water, water
pollution, excessive deep ground water extraction, severe traffic congestion, and climate change by proposing compact city development program, implementing climate change adaptation strategy, improving resiliency, technology based planning and monitoring. Compact city development programmed by Jakarta Government covers building of public transport to make spaces in the city more efficient. One of the efforts also includes implementation of Transit Oriented Development (TOD), a development approach focusing on land use around transit station or corridor. Building Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) as well as Light Rail Transit (LRT) is other way to optimize utilization of underground and over ground spaces. And the one currently developed is land newly reclaimed in the Jakarta Bay (around 5,000 ha) built with principles of ecology and economic, self-sufficient city; zero waste, green infrastructure and design. By implementing climate change adaptation strategy, Jakarta local government builds child-friendly integrated public space (Ruang Publik Terbuka Ramah Anak - RPTRA) by involving private sectors. Although the concept of RPTRA is to make Jakarta City a friendly city for children, completed with other facilities such as providing administrative services and room for community to have activities, there is always green open space dedicated in building RPTRA, making this infrastructure in the city a climate change adaptation strategy. In improving Jakartaâ€™s resiliency, local government encourages environmental friendly solid waste management by using high and efficient technology. Currently, there are around 6,000 tons waste per day delivered to Bantar Gebang Final Disposal Site (landfill located outside Jakarta). The on-going plan is to build three intermediate treatment facilities in the city and to encourage waste segregation to reduce waste in the final disposal site. While for the technology based planning and monitoring, Jakarta local government use Android applications Qlue and Crop, to enable citizens to report every problem to the governor in real time: traffic, sanitation, land use violation, flood and other disasters. Technically, Qlue is application used by citizens to report, while Crop is used by local government to receive those reports.