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Rescue

Orphan cubs learn how to live in the wild.

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uietly, a man spreads the word that he has rare species,” vet Panjit Basumatary says. These valuable goods for sale. He tries to keep it kittens are actually very uncommon wild cats a secret from the authorities who govern called clouded leopards. his forest village, because it’s illegal to The vets examine the two furry cubs, both possess the merchandise: two tiny, wild leopard male, and estimate they are only a few weeks cubs. But the first people to arrive at his home old. They’re relieved that neither cat has any aren’t interested in buying exotic pets. Acting on a bad cuts, broken bones, or obvious illnesses, citizen’s tip, they are forest rangers who police this but because both kittens weigh in at less than a area in northeast India, called Kokrajhar. Busted, kilogram, the vets fear that they’re dangerously the surprised villager hands over the helpless underfed and dehydrated. To replace the leopard kittens, so young they haven’t even opened milk their mother would give them, the vets try their eyes. hand-feeding the cubs cow’s milk using baby The rangers alert the nearby bottles. If the leopard cubs don’t accept A clouded wildlife clinic – operated by the this artificial diet, they won’t survive. leopard’s tail, Wildlife Trust of India (WTI) – that two Fortunately, both patients eat well. used for balance common leopard cubs are arriving as it climbs trees, A PLAN FOR THE FUTURE is nearly as long as for emergency care. Although the Now that the brothers’ health seems the rest of its veterinarians are thrilled that the body. stable, the vets and wildlife experts rangers rescued the kittens, their at WTI and its partner organization, the satisfaction is bittersweet. The common International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), leopard is a powerful big cat that often comes must decide the cubs’ future. Unlike common into conflict with humans in India, so releases of leopards, clouded leopards are too small to be this species are currently banned in that country. threats to humans or livestock, so they can be NOT COMMON AT ALL released. But without the care and protection When the cubs arrive, however, the vets of their mother, who was almost certainly killed are amazed by the strange blotchy pattern on their by a poacher, the cubs won’t stand a chance. coats, which looks like brown and black clouds. Although WTI and IFAW have successfully hand Common leopards would be covered with spots. raised and released young elephants and black “The rangers don’t realise they have rescued a very bears, no one has ever attempted to do so

Rescue Clouded Leopard

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to us at: Th Cape Town 8000 e Editor, NG KIDS, PO Box 740, . • Send us an em SMS* us a let ail to fiona@ngkids.co.za or ter to “NGK Le tters” 33970. * Standard rates app

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Cape Town now has a cycle lane painted thickly in green paint. The colour is practical as it stands apart from the grey of the road but it also sends a great message. After all, it’s the green way to get about town. The more people cycle, the safer it will become as other road users become more aware of people on two wheels. Once a month, in Johannesburg, Cape Town and up to 300 other cities around the world, groups of cyclists get together for an easy cycle about town as a group.The one I did in Cape Town was 12 kilometres, which was a lot of fun and more my style than the main event on the calendar for serious cyclists. The Cape Town Argus Cycle Tour is a 110-kilometre race coming up on 10 March and I’ll be there to support, if not to race. If you are doing the Argus this year, I’d love to hear how it goes. Please send me your pictures. If you are under the age of 12, you can still take part. The Trike tour is for youngsters up to the age of six and the Junior tour for kids up to age 12 years.

LETTER of the MONTH

Ed’s Pic of the month

Hi, Fiona me up with an I recently ca r llphone cove ce a r idea fo a rhino that of e ur ct pi with a a ” on it, with says “save me d. I have an st a as 3-D horn eI NG Kids sinc been reading (I am eleven n ve se t ou was ab a aunt bought now) when my my birthday. r fo on ti ip subscr ews, Jessica Matth Cape Town

Don’t forg et to turn off yo ur

lights for day from 8. earth 30 p.m. on Sa to 9.30 tur

Dare to Explore!

d 23 MarcH. ay

P.S. Turn to page 30 for the finalists and page 35 for the winner of the Young Photographers Competition.

11,

subscribersh of the mont

The chim panzee is in trou create aw areness, w ble! To eh them in th e magazin id ten of e. Here’s but can yo one, u spot all ten?

March’s subscribers of the month are Anne Moxham from Sezela in KwaZulu-Natal and Margo De Bruin from Pretoria. They’ve each won* a cool pair of sunglasses from the Little Greens range and valued at R699. Little ones’ eyes are precious and need extra-special care and now stylish kids can also look cool. The Little Greens range, the latest from South African designer David Green, will make any kid jump with joy! Made of a cotton-based acetate, which is tough enough to survive the most active childhood, the Little Greens range is cute, comfortable and offers affordable style. Visit www.greeneyewear.com for more information. * See terms and conditions on page 49.

National Geographic KIDS

3


EDITORIAL Editor Fiona Thomson fiona@ngkids.co.za Editorial and Digital Assistant Shounees Moola shounees@ngkids.co.za Senior Designer Monique Petersen Copy Editor Pieter van der Lugt

Snowy Owls: Stealthy Hunters These birds of prey survive in a harsh environment.

page 16

Win Movie Tickets

Exclusive screening of the new movie, The Croods.

page 15

30 Cool Things About Bicycles page 20

Young Photographers Competition Are you the NG KIDS Young Photographer of the year? The finalists and winner are revealed.

page 30

Chimpanzee

NG KIDS goes behind the scenes of the new movie Chimpanzee.

page 36

DEPARTMENTS 6 Pet Friends Forever

26 Poster

47 Animal Funnies

8 Amazing Animals

41 Fun Stuff

48 Fun Factory

25 Calendar

46 Spot The Difference

50 Just Joking

On the Cover Cover Photograph:JOEL SARTORE / NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC STOCK (SNOWY OWL) Cover insets: © 2013 NU METRO (THE CROODS) ; ISTOCK PHOTO (ILLUSTRATIONS) PAGE 3: RICHARD PILLER (fiona); istockphoto (illustrations); images supplied PAGE 4: © andy rouse / nature picture library (owl); © 2013 NU METRO (THE CROODS) ; ISTOCK PHOTO (ILLUSTRATIONS) © Disney 2012. All rights reserved (CHIMPANZEE)

PUBLISHING General Manager Jacques Breytenbach Associate Publisher Nikki Ruttiman ADVERTISING SALES & SOLUTIONS Sales Director Craig Nicholson Craig.Nicholson@media24.com Business Manager (Women’s) Marilize Hay Marilize.Hay@media24.com Business Manager (KZN) Eugene Marais emarais@media24.com Business Manager: Digital Terance Winson Terance.Winson@media24.com Sales Manager (JHB) Bianca Quinn Bianca.Quinn@media24.com 083 375 1721 Sales Manager (CPT) Abigail Wilmot Abigail.Wilmot@media24.com 083 212 1141 Sales Executive(National) Lynne Deacon 073-704-8793

MARKETING and PR Marketing Executive Lisel Daniels Tel.: 021-443-9857 Admin Assistant Lulama Joe CIRCULATION SALES & SOLUTIONS Circulation Manager Adele Minnaar(011) 505 5723 Subscription Manager Dilshaad Hassan(021) 443 9937 SUBSCRIPTIONS All subscription payments to: NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS, PO Box 1802, Cape Town 8000 or NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS, Free Post, CB0006, Cape Town 8000 RSA Tel.: 0860-103-578 Fax: 021-405-1033 E-mail: ngkids_subs@media24.com National Geographic KIDS Cape Town: ABSA Building, Lifestyle Division, 18th floor, 4 Adderley Street, Cape Town Tel.: 021-443-9871; Postal address: PO Box 740, Cape Town 8000 directors John Relihan, Raj Lalbahadur reproduction Media24 printing Paarl Media Cape DISTRIBUTION:

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS is published and distributed 12 times a year by Media24, with permission of the National Geographic Society, Washington, DC 20036. Published by the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Chairman of the Board and CEO John M. Fahey, Jr. President Timothy T. Kelly President, Publishing and Digital Media Declan Moore Executive Vice President Terrence B. Adamson International Publishing: Yulia Boyle, Vice President Diana Z. Jaksic, Director Jennifer C. Jones, Manager Cynthia Combs, Rights Manager NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS Magazine Executive Vice President and Worldwide Publisher Claudia Malley Chief Creative Officer, Books, Kids, and Family Melina Gerosa Bellows Senior Vice President, Kids Publishing and Media Nancy Laties Feresten Vice President Julie Vosburgh Agnone Design Director, Books, and Kids Publishing and Media Jonathan Halling Executive Editor Rachel Buchholz Senior Editor, Science Catherine D. Hughes Editorial: Andrea Silen, Associate Editor; Nick Spagnoli, Copy Editor; Kay Boatner, Assistant Editor Photo: Jay Sumner, Photo Director, Kids Publishing and Media; Kelley Miller, Senior Editor; Lisa Jewell, Editor Art: Eva Absher, Design Director, Kids Publishing and Media; Nicole M. Lazarus, Art Director; Julide Obuz Dengel, Designer NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC EXPLORER and EXTREME EXPLORER Vice President and Publisher Francis Downey Art Director and Designer Karen Thompson Editors Brenna Maloney, Sara Chauhan, Macon Morehouse Designer James Wildman Photo Editor Shannon Hibberd, Mary Ann Price Copyright Media24. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or be transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, without prior consent of Media24.


k c a P t ! c 0 5 e j R R o O F r P S E IN

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p u m e l h o t o t h u c C r s cts. fo oje pr

On sale exclusively in

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We know how much you love your pets. Now you can send us photos, drawings and letters especially for this page! You can also send questions about your pet to our NG KIDS vet.

SWEET BREEDS

3

Facts about Burmese cats

1

No surprise here: Burmese cats come from Burma as well as Thailand and Malaya (now a part of Malaysia).

2

A chocolate Burmese is the colour of milk chocolate. A brown Burmese is the traditional deep brown.

3

Burmese cats are intelligent and athletic and can jump up to open a door handle.


This is a drawing of my sausage dog Rocky. Some people say dachshunds are quite fierce but mine is super sweet. – Ilke, 12, Kimberley

If you have questions about your pets (whether furry, feathered or scaled), ask our local NG KIDS vet, Professor Paws.

BOOK REVIEW Q: Why does my dog lick my face? A: Licking is a form of communication which starts very early in life for dogs. The mother licks her pups when they are born to encourage them to suckle and also to go to the toilet. Puppies lick their elders’ faces as a sign of submission. Dogs sometimes lick because they are nervous. Perhaps the best answer is that they lick to get your attention. If you laugh because you think it’s cute, they are likely to do it again.

Ever wondered what your dog looks like underwater? Award-winning photographer Seth Casteel used underwater housing for his camera to shoot pictures of dogs doing what comes naturally: diving into a pool to catch a ball. The resulting pictures have been viewed online over y p o c ne win o book. 150 million times e of th K Dogs” and have been G N “ SMS* d by your made into a e w d o n ll fo ss a addre beautiful book, name, 33970 by age to ch 2013. Underwater Dogs. r

Dear Fiona This is Poppy chewing her two favourite toys, the irrigation and a tennis ball attached to a rope. We named her Poppy because she was born on 11/11/2011 (Remembrance Day ). Her favourite activity is pulling out the irrigation and digging in the garden. – Keto, 10, Johannesburg

Keto with Poppy when she was a puppy.

Poppy chewing her two favourite toys.

Send us your pet-related letters, questions, pictures, drawings and jokes! • E-mail to fiona@ngkids.co.za • Ask a parent to post your pet on our Facebook page at www.facebook.com/NationalGeographicKidsSA • Send a letter to The Editor, PO Box 740, Cape Town 8000

We would love to meet your pets!

ISTOCKPHOTO (BURMESE CAT);ALL other images supplied

27 Ma


seal snoozes on sofa

Welcome Bay, New Zealand When Annette Swoffer went to investigate some odd noises coming from her kitchen, she got a big THE SEAL surprise: a wild fur seal had sneaked into her house GETS COMFY. through the cat door. The creature waddled past Annette and had a friendly nose-to-nose sniff with her dog. It then shuffled to the enclosed porch, pulled itself onto the sofa and curled up for a nap. As the seal rested, Annette called to alert officials about her flippered guest. “Many fur seals come into town from the nearby harbour,” says Chris Clark of the New Zealand Department of Conservation. “Often they’re just looking for company.” Annette thinks the seal followed her cat into the house. She didn’t mind hosting the uninvited guest until Chris could fetch it. “The seal was funny,” she says. “I just wish it had knocked first!” © Tui De Roy / Minden Pictures (fur seal, big); © D. Hurst / Alamy (sofa); stephanie clark (fur seal, small); © Oregon Zoo / Photo by Carli Davidson (aldo); DZG / Rex / Rex USA (yoda)

8

march 2013


By Kitson Jazynka

bear cub LOVES TOY

my bes t buddy is a big softie !

Portland, America Aldo the black bear cub is definitely cute. But when he was playing with his plush beaver toy, he was truly adorable. “He’d make a fuss if you ever moved it,” says zoo keeper Michelle Schireman, who used to take care of Aldo. The orphaned cub was brought to the zoo after being found alone in the woods. Soon the exhausted and hungry bear was healthy again and very energetic. “He played with every object in sight, including my shoes,” Michelle says. “We decided to get him his own toy.” The cub immediately bonded with the fluffy beaver. He loved belly-flopping on to the stuffed animal and wrestling playfully with it. He’d drag the soft toy around and nuzzle it before going to sleep. “Like people, bear cubs can feel comforted by warm and fuzzy things, including stuffed animals,” says Carmen Murach, an animal curator at the zoo Aldo was moved to. Aldo is older now and has outgrown his need for a stuffed animal. Even so, he’s found another toy to play with. It’s a plastic penguin!

Aldo

Yoda

Fur Seal

’ve i should e th ed k chec t this forecas . morning

lla e r b m u s e s u r u m e l West Midlands, England Yoda the black-and-white ruffed lemur didn’t let a little rain spoil his day. Instead, the brainy animal scored himself an umbrella! The primate had been roaming around his open area at the Dudley Zoological Gardens one drizzly morning when he saw a woman with an open umbrella. Getting close, he tapped on her leg. The startled visitor dropped her rain gear and Yoda plucked it off the ground. He twirled it around by the handle and reached up to touch the umbrella’s smooth fabric canopy. Then he dashed away, holding the umbrella over his head. Yoda only dropped it when a gust of wind nearly knocked him down. Although Yoda avoided getting soaked by snagging the gear, staying dry may not have been his main goal. “Lemurs don’t mind getting a little wet,” senior curator Derek Grove says. In fact, he may just have been curious and playful. “Rain or shine, Yoda likes to have fun,” says Derek.

National Geographic KIDS

9


Sean Price By FIONABy THOMSON

It’s easy to tell male and femal e house sparrow s apart, as the females are paler and have pink legs.

Sizing Up the house sparrow 14 to 15 centimetres length favourite Seeds. In the breeding food: season they switch to insects, which is what their hungry chicks want.

The best muffins are on the corner of Kloof and River road.

nicky lankester / limbe wildlife centre (both); martin walz (map) / Graham Searll (male HOUSE sparrow) / BIRD TABLE (ISTOCKPHOTO)

S

City Sparrow

mall, brown and everywhere you look. This streetwise little bird likes living near humans. You’ll find them bathing in a gutter after rain and picking up crumbs as people eat their lunchtime sandwiches in the sun. Because it’s not as flashy as some of their cousins, the common old house sparrow can easily be overlooked by bird lovers. Mohammed Dilawar of the Nature Forever Society in India realised that sparrows from his home town were disappearing. He decided 20 March would be World Sparrow Day and 2013 is the third year of his campaign. It turns out house sparrow numbers have been dropping in some Indian cities. The Indian capital Delhi has even adopted the house sparrow as its state bird to create awareness before it’s too late. This little bird is struggling to live in modern cities. It prefers nesting in old-fashioned eaves rather than high, glass and concrete buildings. It struggles to find enough food when

10

march 2013

Male house sparrow

gardens are sprayed with pesticide or paved over and grains are processed in factories instead of in the open air. The house sparrow occurs naturally in Europe and parts of Asia but was introduced to Australia, Africa and North and South America. Workers from India brought the bird with them to Durban in the 1880s and 1890s when they settled in South Africa. From there the bird spread into other parts of southern Africa and as far as Malawi and Zambia. Sparrows don’t seem to be disappearing from South Africa but some research shows they are moving out of cities like Cape Town to the countryside. The European house sparrow is also in trouble. It has disappeared from central London in England where it was once very common. Some researchers are saying simple things like leaving grass to seed in winter rather than cutting it would help. Seems like modern cities are too tidy for this bird!

Extant (resident) Introduced

Making sure sparrows have enough to eat will encourage them to return to cities.


6 count on

facts you can

1 About

70 000

puppies and kittens are born in

the USA every day.

2

4 A 747-400 jet airliner has 6 million parts.

LEGO has made

more than

600 billion

toy bricks since 1958.

3

billion candy hearts are About 8

produced each year.

5

The oldest

koi fish lived to be 226 years old.

6

There are

1 000

about grains in a pinch

of salt.

WANT MORE? WANT MORE?

WANT MORE? WANT MORE? Check out the National Geographic Kids book MORE? WANT 5,000 Awesome Facts (About Everything!)

12

march 2013

Š Brian Kimball / Kimball Stock

WANT MORE?


With a parent’s permission, scan this code for a free app to view cool 3-D animation in the Guinness World Records 2013 book.

SAILBOAT ON LAND SO MANY YO-YOS! “Around the World” is probably a super-easy trick for this yo-yo master. Ben McPhee can spin 16 yo-yos simultaneously, the most on record. He starts by spinning ten yo-yos and hanging them on hooks. The others? Two hang from each hand, two from each ear, and two are clenched between his teeth. Let’s hope he doesn’t get tied up in all that string. – Angela Modany

dogs

POWERE D BY WIN D!

Racing at 201,8 kilometres per hour across a Nevada desert, this cool wind-powered contraption became the fastest land yacht ever. Called the Ecotricity Greenbird, it seems to sail like a boat on water. But if the driver doesn’t catch the wind of 50 kilometres per hour just right, the land yacht might bite the dust ... – Molly Marcot

Wearing a dress costing R48 000, Baby Hope Diamond the dog wasn’t just a bride. She was a bride in a pet wedding valued at R1 265 498, the most expensive on record. Dog guests wore tuxedos and evening gowns, dined on a special dog chow buffet and listened to an orchestra that cost R200 000. Although the wedding expenses were donated, human guests paid up to R2 000 to attend, raising money for the Humane Society of New York. That’s something that the groom, Chilly the dog, can really wag his tail about. – Angela Modany

GEOFF PUGH / REX / REX USA (MCPHEE); GUINNESS WORLD RECORDS (LAND YACHT); CINDY ORD / GETTY IMAGES (DOGS). INFORMATION PROVIDED BY © 2013 GUINNESS WORLD RECoRDS LIMITED.

get married

14

MARCH 2013


Reader Event

DS O O R C THE PENS INS O N E M AD E C I TIONWI CH NA 9 MAR ON 2 0 1 3

2

WIN

preview tickets to

The Croods

in 3-D

Meet the world’s first modern family, the Croods. In the previously unknown time of the Croodacious Era their world changes forever when Mother Nature destroys their only known home, a cave. Eep, the rebellious teenage daughter of Grug and Ugga Crood, is eager to explore the new world of fantastic creatures and magical landscapes. The Croods embark on a road trip to an unchartered world uncovering fauna and flora for the first time. Ultimately, the Croods conquer their fear of the outside world and discover that they have exactly what it takes to survive – each other.

When: 16 March 2013 at 2.30 p.m. Where:

Nu Metro Cinemas

Johannesburg: Monte Casino Cape Town: V & A Waterfront Durban: Pavilion Closing date: 10 March 2013

HOW TO ENTER: *SMS your entries to “NGK Croods” with your name, surname, age, e-mail address and preferred viewing city to 33970.

Please note: Only four tickets per family. There are 121 tickets available in Johannesburg, 116 in Cape Town and 121 in Durban. Free popcorn and drink included. *SEE PAGE 49 FOR FULL TERMS AND CONDITIONS.


Snowy owls are birds of prey. They’re built to survive winter in the Arctic, where they are top predators.

16 16

march 2 0 1 3 MARCH 2013

joel sartore / national geographic stock (big picture); Š andy rouse / nature picture library (flying)


Stealthy Hunters How these birds of prey stay on the move to survive in cold climates A snowy owl can reach a top speed of 80 kilometres per hour.

By Karen de Seve

T

he winter wind blows across the open landscape. Short grasses and bushes struggle to stay upright, but a snowy owl hovers effortlessly in mid-air. His powerful wings, with a total span of 1,5 metres, defies the wind and allows him to hang nearly motionless with his eyes fixed on a small rodent. The owl is shooting forward to grab a rat when… whoosh! Aeroplane engines blast overhead, breaking the bird’s concentration and scaring the rat back underground. The young male owl began life in the Arctic about five months ago. This winter he flew hundreds of kilometres south to

Logan International Airport near the city of Boston in America. Perched on a fence at the airport border, he turns his head upside down to clean his downy coat. His white feathers are tipped with brown stripes. When he’s mature, he’ll be almost all white. He hears something, spins his head to look behind him and launches. Like a stealth plane he glides silently for three kilometres until his keen eyes find a target at the water’s edge. He manoeuvres gracefully, stretches out his talons and snatches an unsuspecting duck. His sensitive feet tell him he killed it on impact. Dinner is served.

Raptors on the Move

Snowy owls are nomads that migrate to and from their Arctic breeding grounds each spring and autumn in a quest for food. The airport is a popular winter destination in the northeast of America. “The habitat here is like the tundra, with short grass and rolling hills,” says Norman Smith, a raptor biologist and director of the Blue Hills Trailside Museum. “There are lots of rodents and the airport is surrounded by water, so there are ducks and other waterfowl.” Snowy owls show up at the airport between November and April each year, the Northern Hemisphere winter. Norman has caught and released about 450 owls national Geographic KIDS

17


sizing up

snowy owls

120 to 168 centimetres

TEN-YEAR-OLD

who’s who? adult males are all white; females have stylish brown-and-white feathers.

at Logan since 1981. He captures the birds in a net trap, examines them and puts a metal band on one leg for future identification. Then he releases them away from aeroplane and car traffic. Sometimes he equips an owl with an electronic beacon so he can track where the bird goes. The beacons help researchers find out where snowy owls go when they’re not nesting on the Arctic tundra.

Wintering on Ice

ready for take-off dad brings home a lemming; mum protects the nest.

18

MARCH 2013

Not all snowy owls migrate that far south. Some stay in the Arctic and hunt there. Others, like one lone female, endure the winter in constant darkness. The sun never rises in winter this far north. Sea ice covers the landscape and this owl is 160 kilometres from land. Temperatures can plummet to minus 40 degrees Celsius, but she’s not turning into a bird-sicle. Layers of feathers insulate her. Feathers cover her nostrils and feet, which are padded for warmth. Her 60-centimetre-tall body is motionless as she conserves energy in the cold. She’s hungry, so she has to eat. A short flight takes the owl to open water, where she swoops down and grabs an eider – a northern sea duck. She tears it apart with her beak, unaware that she is

© andy rouse / nature picture library (flying); © bruce corbett / alamy (male and female); © tim fitzharris / minden pictures (single adult); © markus varesvuo / nature picture library (feeding, single chick); © all canada photos / alamy (Perched); © michio hoshino / minden pictures (group of chicks); © matthias clamer / corbis outline (Harry potter)

coming in for a landing


look out, rodents – this owl is ready to hunt. a chick has extra fuzz for warmth.

Find out more about snowy owls online at kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/animals where’s dinner? chicks huddle in their nest.

By May the female sits on top of a raised mound in the treeless tundra. She is keeping warm eight eggs. One by one fuzzy owlets hatch in mid-June. They snuggle under their mother’s wings and against the featherless brood patch on her belly to keep warm in temperature of four degrees. Hunting constantly, their father provides food for the whole family. The chicks grow quickly, each eating about two lemmings a day. Today the male returns to find the female pretending to be injured, trying to lure away snowy owl researcher Denver Holt, who is examining and banding the chicks. The parents think he is a predator. The hooting male drops the lemming he’s carrying and it hits Denver on the head. Then the owl rakes Denver’s back with his sharp talons. The assault continues until the Tundra Life researcher leaves. The angry birds quickly As the springtime sea ice thaws, the become doting parents again. “It’s pretty female migrates overland to find a good intense, but you learn to deal with it and nesting site. She lands on the tundra near duck,” Denver says. Barrow, Alaska, satisfied that When the owlets are about two months there is a good supply of old, their fluffy grey down gives way to lemmings. These rodents white-and-brown feathers. They are are the summertime The snowy learning to fly. By October, all of the staple of snowy owls. owl is also known chicks are ready to strike out on their Lots of lemmings mean as the great own. They glide silently into the plenty of food, so snowy white owl or the darkness to their winter destinations. owls will lay many eggs. arctic owl. being monitored. When she was nesting this past summer, researchers fitted her with a bird-sized backpack beacon. It sends out a signal with her location via satellite every five days. Researchers used to think snowy owls always flew south in winter, but this bird’s transmitter has tracked her to the sea ice near Baffin Island in the Canadian High Arctic. “It was a big surprise for us to see them staying north,” says Gilles Gauthier, a professor at Canada’s Laval University. “Most of the snowy owls we tracked spent one to three months on the ice.” Gilles says the owl knows there are gaps in the ice where seabirds gather. This is a useful guide for a hungry owl.

better left in the wild Harry Potter’s snowy owl, Hedwig, made a good companion on screen. In real life, snowy owls are not good pets. Besides needing a constant supply of whole rodents to eat, these hunters require lots of flying space. Experts sometimes have permits to keep injured birds in captivity if they’d be unable to survive in the wild. Otherwise, it’s illegal to keep snowy owls in captivity.

national Geographic KIDS

19


1

2

3

About

100

In the Netherlands 7 out of 8 people over the age of 15 have bikes.

million bikes are

manufactured

each year.

4

There are a billion bicycles in China. Bikes were first brought there in the late

1800s.

BMX

5

6

A5wheelie is a bike trick where you go up on one wheel.

became a sport in the 2008

There is a

chandelier made entirely from bike frames in a

Olympic Games in BEIJING.

building in

30 COOL about Cape Town.

THINGS

15

14

In 1993 a bike

sharing scheme was started in Cambridge in the UK with 300 bicycles were

Cycling is the most

energy-efficient means of self-powered transport.

placed around town. Unfortunately, most were stolen or thrown in the river.

19

18

most famous songs about

20

mARCH 2013

cycling is called Daisy Bell. it ends with the line

“a bicycle built for two�.

The One-77 bicycle made by Aston Martin sells for about

R350 000 and has an on-board computer.

A three-wheeled bike is called a

trike.

20 One of the

To find the hole in a bicycle inner tube, put it in a basin of water and see where the air bubbles come out.

17

16

BICYLES WERE FIRST DESIGNED THE WAY THEy are NOW IN THE 1880s. they were called safety bicycles as they were safer than riding a

penny farthing.

21 There are more

physical and neurological

processes involved in

riding a bike than in driving a car.


The Yellow Jersey OR mailLot jaune is worn by the leader in the Tour de France bike race.

7

8

The bunny hop

9

The 36th Cape Argus Pick n Pay Cycle Tour takes place on 10 March 2013 in Cape Town.

is a bicycle trick where the bike flies with both wheels off the ground.

10

11

Albert Einstein said “Life is like riding a bicycle. loved TO ride his bike. He

There are about 15 million bicycles that work in South Africa.

12 The oldest man to complete the 110-kilometre Argus was

To keep your balance, you

must keep moving.”

13

92 year old Japie Malan – on a tandem.

In the Netherlands engineers are working on an airbag that is fitted to the outside of a car to protect cyclists in an accident.

BICYCLES

by fiona thomson

22

23

The penny farthing race was part of the World Alternative Games which took place in the UK after the Olympic Games.

The penny farthing was named

after two coins:

a large one and a small one.

24

A giraffe

unicycle has one wheel

or df r or ke is pe ec bi res r t d ee n et sp umbeilom e Th rec 84 k a 3,2 13

00 r2 e ov ur es. ho etr m

27

On 31 December Taiwan set a world record for the greatest number of cyclists in a parade with 72 919 cyclists taking part.

Set the height of A saddle by placing the heel of your shoe on

extralong neck. 28

29

Every full moon cyclists ride through the streets of Cape Town in an event called Moonlight Mass.

30

and an

26

25

the pedal when it is at the lowest point. Your leg should be completely straight. When you pedal

Heinz Stücke has travelled 600 000 kilometres on a bicycle in the last 50 years. That’s more than anybody else.

with the front of your foot, your leg will be slightly bent.

Some expensive bicycles are made of titanium, the same metal used to make artificial hip joints.

ISTOCK PHOTO (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,19,20,21,25,26,27,28,29,30); CAPE TOWN CYCLE TOUR TRUST (9); JAMES GARAGHTY (18); SXC.HU (22,23,24)

National Geographic KIDS

21


v a F y m g n i t Mee s m a e r d g i b h t i w y o b l a i c e p s A . e f i l s i h f o e m i t t s e b e h t s a h Robert with A Spotted Eagle Owl called Gemma

By robert o’neill AS TOLD TO JULIKA KENNAWAY

PHOTOS JULIKA KENNAWAY

J

ust a while ago I was at the Red Cross Children’s Hospital in Cape Town, where I’m treated for cystic fibrosis. One day I was chatting to a lady called Margy. I was telling her about the things I love. For a start, I like bugs! Black scorpions are my favourite creepy crawlies. My mum saw one in Namibia and they are very dangerous. I go searching for every kind of bug like spiders and ladybirds and I make my mum and grandma search too. My grandpa even bought a magnifying glass so I can observe them more closely. Cheetahs are amazing because they can run so fast. I have a toy cheetah that goes to hospital with me. I also really love owls, because they’re so special. Margy listened to my dreams and I think she whispered them to someone else.

22

march 2013

MY DREAM DAY

One day my mum and grandma said that I didn’t have to go to school. We were going on a surprise trip. On the journey we met a man called Mark from the Reach for a Dream Foundation. He’s really cool and he took us to a place where I met my first live cheetah. He made my dream come true! I touched a cheetah whose name was Phoenix. He purred when I touched him and it was awesome! A cheetah is like me. People don’t understand me, because I’m different. It’s the same with a cheetah. I learnt there are Anatolian dogs that protect sheep and help to prevent cheetahs from being killed. That’s great! Then Mark took us to Eagle Encounters at Spier, a farm near Cape Town, to see owls. I adore them. Owls are lovely because they are so cute and their eyes are beautiful and full of love. I always observe animals very closely and I noticed that some owls were “clicking”. If they got hurt, or their legs or wings were broken, I would want to look after them and give them medicine. When I’m older I want to work in nature conservation and help at animal sanctuaries whenever I can. I want to help all animals, because people don’t always understand them.

Robert, Mark anD black eagle LEO


s l a m i n A e t i v our MY CHALLENGES

HOSPITAL TIMES

Every few months I go to the Red Cross I was born with weak lungs and tummy Children’s Hospital. Hospital food is not nice problems. I get tired quickly and don’t – I prefer my mum’s. Sometimes I don’t feel feel very well. It’s something called like eating, other times I’m ravenous! I can cystic fibrosis. I take creon pills for my eat anything I want, but I have to take pills stomach to help me digest my food, before I eat. My favourite food is bread or vitamin B drops on my tongue and lots ribs with barbeque sauce. Auntie Vivien , who’s of other vitamins so I can keep strong. the nurse, likes to have competitions with me At night I use a spray for a runny nose. on how much I weigh and I always win. Then I I have a wheezy chest. If I wake up and have to blow to see how my lungs are working, am struggling to breathe, I ask Mum and the doctor looks at how things are going if she can get my “Ferrari”, because I with my body. Many people pray for me. need to be nebulised. It’s a machine with medicine which you inhale. If I FUN TIMES start wheezing, it’s good to do a few Once I’m home again, I play exercises that the physiotherapist with my ball and go for taught me. This makes everything Physiotherapist Brenda Mo rrow say walks with my grandma’s that is stuck in my lungs a bit looser It is important that kidss: dogs. One is called Yster, the and then it’s easier to breathe. I play with CF do a lot of other is called Loopy. I love ball, lift my arms, play with balloons, exercise, as this helps keep them because they’re blow with a straw the lungs healthy. They always happy and look into water and can play sports and shoul in the bath I can to eat like they’re always nt never be left out of gamesd importa s It’ smiling. Loopy is a have loads of fun is lots of food that because of CF! dachshund, while blowing bubbles with s Kid . fat in gh hi Yster is a crossbreed through a pipe. with long hair. CF don’t absorb fat Physios often play games with us and too well, so they make us laugh. Sometimes they tap on can eat more fat our chests like a drum. This loosens than other kids! the mucus in the lungs. It’s like when you hit a tomato sauce bottle to get the sauce out, my physio says.

WITH CF

If you can’t breathe well, stay calm, ask your mum to give you an inhaler. You musn’t freak out. Just do some physio exercises – it really helps you to breathe!

OSIS? WHAT IS CYSTIC FIBR

I named my cheetah Phoenix after the one I met on my dream day out. I take him to hospital with me.

CF is a condition that affects the lungs, pancreas and digestive system. A few people are born with it, but you can’t catch it from anyone. It is caused by a cystic fibrosis gene, which you inherit. The main symptoms are coughing, wheezing, chest infections, a sore tummy and salty skin. Everyone with CF must take pills (enzymes) and do exercises every day to stay healthy. People with CF can have fun, become parents, have careers and lead active, productive lives. The good news is that the treatment for CF is constantly improving and doctors all over the world are working hard to find a cure. Find out more at www.sacfa.org.za, the South African Cystic Fibrosis Association (S.A.C.F.A.).


By jeannette kimmel

Check out these

outrageous facts. MAIL IS DELIVERED

SOME

BY MULE TO A

LOBSTERS ARE ELECTRIC

village IN America.

BLUE.

e Forigrisbee Thwas inally nam

ly named the

newscom (mule); © Isselee / Dreamstime (koalas); ZoneCreative / iStockphoto (watermelon); © Kirsty Pargeter / Dreamstime (people); Gary Lewis / Getty Images (lobster)

Pluto Platt er. A SMALL LUMP OF

GOLD CAN BE FLATTENED INTO A

SHEET AS BIG AS A

TENNIS

COURT. 24

MARCH 2013

S A L A O K IN SOUTHERN

AUSTRALIA HAVE

THICKER FUR

THAN KOALAS IN THE NORTH.

WATERMELONS ARE

92 PERCENT

WATER.

More people live in and around

Tokyo, Japan, than in all of Canada.

WANT MORE? WANT MORE? WANT MORE?

Check out our new Weird But True app.


31

24

17

25

18

11

10

Cape Argus Cycle Tour

O4

O3

26

19

12

O5

End of term for coastal provinces

28 New issue of NG KIDS on sale

27

Public Holiday Human Rights Day

21

14

O7

End of term for inland provinces

20

13

World Maths Day

O6

Good Friday

29

World Water Day

22

15

O8

01

30

Earth Hour 8:30 p.m.

23

16

O9

O2

© 2013 National Geographic Society • NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, National Geographic Kids and Yellow Border and Kids Yellow Border Designs are trademarks of National Geographic Society • All rights reserved • PHOTO: NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY (DUCKLINGS)


Red-eyed Tree Frog


© 2013 National Geographic Society • NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, National Geographic Kids and Yellow Border and Kids Yellow Border Designs are trademarks of National Geographic Society • All rights reserved • Photo: © Winfried Wisniewski / greatstock / corbis

National Geographic KIDS

27


Ducklings


o t E R DA

E R O L P EX

BY SCOTT ELDER

Ocean explorer James Cameron, who also directed movies such as Avatar and Titanic, tells about diving 11 kilometres to the bottom of the Pacific Ocean’s Mariana Trench, the deepest part of the ocean.

“T

WANT TO BE a deep-sea explorer? STUDY: Maths, sciences, scuba diving WATCH: Aliens of the Deep and Ghosts of the Abyss READ: Seven Miles Down by Jacques Piccard and Robert S. Dietz

ER, WITH DEEPSEA CHALLENNG SIDE, IS IN RO ME CA james EAN. OC E TH TO IN D LOWERE

he Deepsea Challenger descends fast, about 150 metres per minute. As I dropped down from the surface, it got dark very quickly. I was in complete blackness in about two or three minutes. But with the sub’s lights I could see little jellyfish and some plankton. Because the sub was going through the water so fast, they were racing through the light. If you’ve ever driven a car in a snowstorm at night, that’s exactly what it looked like. “Imagine six or seven SUVs sitting on top of your thumbnail. That’s the pressure outside the sub. If the Deepsea Challenger sprung a leak down there, the water would squirt in like a laser, cutting right through everything inside the sub, including me. The sub would collapse like a cooldrink can that has a bank vault dropped onto it. “I always knew I wanted to explore. Follow your dreams, follow your passions. There is still a tremendous amount left to explore on this planet.”

The new NG KIDS series “Dare to Explore” helps celebrate the 125th anniversary of the National Geographic Society, which was founded in 1888. With a parent’s permission, go to nationalgeographic.com/125 for more information. Coming next month: Herpetologist Brady Barr goes face-to-face with crocodiles, pythons, and more.

“Be defenders and warriors on behalf of the ocean, because

the f ish can’t speak for themselves.”

DEEPSEA CHALLENGER UNDERWATER

For more about oceans, go online nationalgeographic.com/ocean © MARK THIESSEN / NGS STAFF (all)

National Geographic KIDS

29


meet ou THANKS to an incredible response from our readers the NG KIDS YOUNG photographers competition has been a roaring success AGAIN. The photographs we received showed the initiative, perseverance, imagination and skill of our readers. conGratulations TO ALL! Turn to page 35 to find out who our winner IS. WOW!

I LOVE SOUTH AFRICA

Khalil Gibran Hassam, 10, Johannesburg Title: Somewhere over the rainbow there is hope for the children of our land About the Photographer: After a typical Highveld downpour the sun came out and created a rainbow. Khalil noticed his cousin in the foreground and saw the opportunity for a good shot. He took out his cellphone and captured a great shot.

ANIMALS

What the Judges said: Sometimes clichés work. We do live in the hope for a beautiful future for our country. It is well composed and it shows that a cellphone can take a decent pic. Notice the men playing football far below. They look like ants!

PEOPLE

Pieter Ross Gloy, 9, Sasolburg THAT’S FUNNY Title: “Stop by die zebrastrepe” About the Photographer: Ross (that’s what everyone calls him) was on holiday with his family at the Dikhololo game reserve in North West. He noticed the girls waiting for a herd of zebras to pass and climbed on to the roof of the vehicle for a better view.

STOP!

30

MARCH 2013

What the judges said: A classic African story. The title is a clever play on the idea of a zebra crossing.


r FinaliStS! Samuel Freeman, 12, Johannesburg title: Spider, spider burning bright About the photographer: Samuel and his family found this spider in their house. They carefully placed it outside and before it ran away, Samuel lit it with a flashlight and took a picture of it.

Lisa Taberner, 14, Western Cape

What the judges said: An incredible close-up picture, beautifully lit. Taking a picture like this requires quick thinking and a steady hand. Always be careful when photographing animals!

TitlE: I love South Africa so please reduce, reuse and recycle

AWESOME!

About the photographer: Lisa was on a visit to a recycling plant when she spotted the milk cartons. She loved the patterns and colours that the squashed cartons made. What the judges said: An amazing graphic image. A whole lot of packaging from South Africa bunched for recycling. Because she cropped the pic, there is no scale for reference and you’re not sure right away what you’re seeing. At first it looks almost like stained glass.

James Robinson, 10, Johannesburg Title: Leopard’s lunch About the photographer: James loves spending time in the bush. He and his family regularly visit game reserves and he enjoys taking photographs. He chose this photo of a leopard as it had all the right elements for a great pic. What the judges said: This is a picture with a lot of impact. The leopard looks as if he is warning other animals to stay away. He doesn’t want to share his lunch!

IT WASN’T ME!

National Geographic KIDS

31


Anika Carmen Meyer, 14, Pretoria Ttitle: Stripes About the Photographer: Anika took this picture at the Mabalingwe reserve in Bela Bela. Although she has a zoom on her camera, she was close enough not to use it too much. It was only after she took the picture that she realised how much she liked the pattern of the grasses against the stripes. What the judges said: Getting in close, particularly when the animal is so recognisable, makes for a picture with great impact.

AMAZING!

Ashleigh Baker, 13, Somerset West title: Laughter is the sound of the soul dancing About the Photographer: Ashleigh takes loads of photographs. She chose this one of her friend laughing because it was more natural than many of the others. What the judges said: Ashleigh chose a good one, particularly as it is so natural. Setting the subject of the photograph just off-centre is also effective.

LOL!

32

MARCH 2013


Adam Dugmore, 13, Plettenberg Bay Title: Top of Formosa ABOUT THE PHOTOGRAPHER: Adam carted his tripod up to the top of Peak Formosa. He set his camera on self-timer and experimented with settings. WHAT THE JUDGES SAID: A beautiful, atmospheric shot. To catch the soft light at sunset without blurring requires a tripod – even if it means carrying it to the top of a mountain.

COOL!

Amike ammerding, 14, Pretoria Title: Breathtaking ABOUT THE PHOTOGRAPHER: Amike is a keen photographer and loves taking pictures of her friends. WHAT THE JUDGES SAID: The sparkles in the water and the small detail like the girl gently touching the surface of the water gives this shot a magical feel.

IT’S SO SHINY!

National Geographic KIDS

33


Kelechi Nwokeyi, 11, Johannesburg Title: What happens at school ABOUT THE PHOTOGRAPHER: Kelechi set this shot up with two of his friends. WHAT THE JUDGES SAID: This is a very creative photo that is cleverly composed.

WHAT’S The ANSWER?

Anjoleen Wepener, 11, PRETORIA

Marinel Wegman, 13, Bellville

Title: There is a meerkat on my stoep

Title: “Wat ‘n grap”

ABOUT THE PHOTOGRAPHER: Anjoleen was on holiday with my family when she noticed a meerkat sitting on the stoep. She grabbed her camera because he looked so funny.

ABOUT THE PHOTOGRAPHER: Marinel was at a donkey sanctuary in McGregor in the Western Cape when she saw this donkey. She loves taking photographs and saved up her pocket money for a long time to buy a good camera. WHAT THE JUDGES SAID: Sometimes the simple shots work the best!

WHAT THE JUDGES SAID: This shows why you should always have your camera handy ready to take amusing pictures like this one.

IT’S MY BEST SIDE!

34

MARCH 2013


MEET OUR WINNER! WINN Lisa

ER!

Taberner

The winner of the International Photography Contest for Kids is 11-year-old Isabella Barbaro of London for her rainy day image in the People category.

The overall winner can capture amazing pictures with a fantastic Nikon D3100 Twin Lens Kit (18 – 55mm VR + 55 – 200mm VR) worth R7 000 and free camera training, a special SanDisk hamper valued at R1 499, as well as a family holiday for four (two adults and two children up to the age of 15) at the Bush Lodge, courtesy of Sabi Sabi. Airlink is sponsoring return flights for the winner (two adults and two children) from Cape Town, Durban or Johannesburg to Kruger Mpumalanga International Airport. The holiday is valued at R37 100.

GRAND PRIZE !

win

! S T S I L FINA the first five entrants will get a sandisk 8gb extreme 30mb/s sdhc card.

Prizes sponsored by:

EACH OF TH E 12 FINAL ISTS (THREE IN WILL WIN A EACH CATEGORY) YEAR’S SUB SCRIPTION TO NG KID S2600 CAM S, A NIKON COOLPIX ER SPORTLITE A AND A PAIR OF 10X 25 BINOCULAR S COURTES OF NIKON, Y PLUS A HA M SANDISK 8 GB EXTREM PER with A E PRO 95M SDHC CARD B/S ,AS PLAYER (4G ANDISK CLIP+ MP3 B) AND a S AND MICRO SD 4 GB SDHC w ISK ith ADAPTER.


By Pieter van der Lugt

D

eep in an African rainforest a young chimpanzee called Oscar lives with mum Isha in a troop led by the smart and sensible Freddy. Along with the other small chimps, Oscar spends his days playing and learning the skills he’ll need in the jungle. It’s all fun and games until a rival band of chimpanzees arrive. They attack and suddenly Oscar is separated from his mum. It seems he’ll have to look after himself, but then he’s adopted by Freddy. This is an amazing twist in a very special true story. NG KIDS went behind the scenes of the new movie Chimpanzee to find out more about the life of this plucky little primate.

Oscar didn’t like to take an afternoon nap with the adults and preferred to play in the trees.

Finding stars

“Making a film about chimps for the big screen was an exciting challenge, because nobody had really done it before,” says director Alastair Fothergill. To find “stars” for the film the crew had to go deep into the Taï rainforest in the Ivory Coast Republic. That’s where the directors found Oscar in March 2008. “We got incredibly lucky when we started filming,”says Alistair. “First we found Oscar, who was adorable. Then these extraordinary events overtook him and the group.”

did you know?

The big song on the movie’s soundtrack is Rise, which was written and sung by China Ann McClain, the 13-year-old star of the TV series A.N.T. Farm.

Filming in a Forest

The crew spent three years making the movie.

36

march 2013

Before they could go near the chimps, the crew had to spend eight days in quarantine. That was to make sure they didn’t bring in human diseases. The Taï Forest National Park is ten hours from the nearest city. In the park they had to drive four hours on a dirt road and then walk for an hour on a trail. “Believe it or not,” says director Mark Linfield, “even rainforests have a rainy season.” The roads become mud pits and cars get stuck for days. The humidity is so high that cameras are easily ruined.

other problems

One night millions of driver ants marched through the film crew’s camp and over their beds. They stopped the attack by pouring generator fuel around the camp. The smell put the insects off. Then the crew members were attacked by bees and got up to 50 stings each. That same night a tree next to their tents was struck by lightning, which then travelled underground and electrocuted them. Luckily nobody was hurt.


The leader of the rival group was an older male known as Scar.

AN AMAZING TWIST

You can rely on a human cast t0 turn up on time on set, but directors of nature movies often have to wait hours for their “stars” to turn up. Events took a dramatic turn when a group of rival chimps arrived who seemed determined to drive out Freddy and his troop. When Oscar’s mum went missing, it looked like the filming was over. But then Freddy let Oscar climb aboard his back and before long the alpha male, who would not normally care for young chimps, was cracking nuts for him, sharing his nest and grooming the baby just like his mum did.

Lights, camera ... WAIT

You can’t control the environment or audition wild animal actors like you can on a movie set in a studio. Nature film crews might spend days Oscar attemps to crack a nut – looking for a “cast”. he gets it right eventually. Chimpanzees live in leafy, dark forests that get a lot of rain. Not all chimps dream of fame, either. When some see the cameras, they * Wild chimpanzees live only turn around and sit with their back to the in Africa. They’re found in forests and lenses. However, the crew caught amazing grasslands in about 20 countries. They are scenes. Some of the action has never sociable and live in groups of 15 to 150 members. been filmed before. Chimpanzees are * A male can be a metre tall, weigh 35 to 65 kilograms known to crack nuts using wooden and and live between 40 and 50 years. stone hammers. Chimps cracking nuts * Fruit makes up as much as two thirds of a chimpanzee’s and carrying their tools through the diet. They also eat pith (the spongy tissue in plants), forest have rarely been caught on film blossoms, eggs, honey, nuts, insects and meat. and the scenes show their incredible * Chimps use rocks to crack nuts, sticks to fish out ants or intelligence. termites and leaves to scoop water from streams. “One of the funniest things about * There are fewer than 100 000 chimps left in the wild. the nut-cracking scene is watching They are threatened by poachers who shoot the adults little ones like Oscar trying to learn and for meat and sell the youngsters as pets, by people getting it wrong,” says Alastair. mining or logging in the forests where they live, It took three years to make the film, or by human diseases they can’t fight. but for him it was a dream come true. He has always wanted to make a movie about real chimpanzees, because he thinks they’re the most fascinating of all wild animals. “They can be playful and tender, cunning, loving, competitive, curious and simply full of fun,” he says. “They’re just like us, or we’re just like them. I think we will have done our job if people not only have a great time watching Chimpanzee, but also start to think about how chimps deserve our protection.”

Chimp Facts

“It was amazing and touching to see this big, gruff male pour his love and devotion into caring for Oscar,” Says Director MARK LINFIELD. National Geographic KIDS

37


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Payment option 1: Credit card Payment option 2: Debit account Card No. Debit my cheque /savings / transmission account Expiry date with a one-off payment / with monthly instalments for the subscription period CVC (Three digits on back) Visa

Mastercard

Diners

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Debit my account on the Bank

Branch

of the month Branch Code

SIGNATURE

Account No.

Payment option 3: Cheque or postal order

Cheques or postal orders (in favour of Media24) can be posted to Media24 Magazines, Free Post no. CB0006, Cape Town 8000. Direct deposits to Media24 can be made into our ABSA bank account using your initial and surname as reference (acc. no. 4051828011, branch code: 506009). Fax or e-mail a confirmation slip and completed subscription form to 021-406-4057 or ngkids_subs@media24.com Call 0860-103-578 or go to www.ngkids.co.za for more payment options. Please allow four to six weeks for first delivery.

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THE GIFT SUBSCRIPTION IS FOR: To: Name Address Tel. Birth date TERMS & CONDITIONS: Page 49

Surname Postal code Cell Age

E-mail NGKMAR13


OeLntions CO inv

by crispin boyer

way up!

WALL WALKER

A radioactive arachnid’s bite turned Peter Parker into Spider-Man, but engineering students at Utah State University in America have invented an easier way to get wall-climbing superpowers. With the Personnel Vacuum Assisted Climber you can crawl up even the roughest walls. You strap on a backpack equipped with powerful vacuum motors which drive two handheld suction units that stick to the wall. Fast climbers could scramble the 371 metres to the observation deck of the Empire State Building in New York in about half an hour. They’ll have to take the lift back down, though. The prototype’s battery lasts only 30 minutes!

Push for

courtesy usu ascending aggies team members (pvac, both); © tbwa / raad (fridge magnet); courtesy d-vision / yaron weinberg (foldigon, all)

Pizza

vacuum power

order button

Your belly is grumbling but the refrigerator is bare. Don’t panic! Just push the button inside the box-shaped magnet on your fridge and – mamma mia! – a piping-hot pizza arrives at your door in 30 minutes. It might seem magical, but the V.I.P. Fridge Magnet has a transmitter that enables your cellphone to place an order to save space. This amazing magnet is available only to customers of Red Tomato Pizza in the United Arab Emirates, but its inventors predict it will catch on elsewhere. Pizza party, anyone?

Instant Seat

It’s always polite to offer visiting pals a place to sit, but what if you have more guests than seats? Pull out a spare chair! Developed by design students in Israel, the Foldigon is a small table that transforms into a comfy armchair in less than a minute. Plush fabric hidden inside the table unfolds and takes the shape of a chair’s seat, arms and back. It’s the perfect piece of furniture for anyone with little space but lots of friends.

table

quick change

have a seat!


1

3 2 7 4 5

6 8

james yamasaki

Mythical Mix-Up These mythical creatures ir the are ready to go crazy at r? reunion. What’s even crazie lly nta Some of them have accide the tch Ma es. tur fea d swappe to ten numbered creatures For g. sin mis y’re the ngs thi the ber example, the answer to num h is wit one is “The dragon’s tail the leprechaun.” answers on page

9

10

50

National Geographic KIDS

41


Dynamic duoS

These photographs show close-up views of pairs. Unscramble the letters to identify what’s in each picture. Bonus: Use the highlighted letters to solve the puzzle below.

Play “What the World?” in other intera and ct games on th ive e iPad version of NG Kids.

ryurf idec

o k ss c

senagrir

S T O B O r s c ECO

w i ts n

i y n l a p g ds a c r

PILF - S OLPF

owdinw rsepwi

ni-neli esakst

Hint: The Dynamic Duo is the nickname for this pair of comic book superheroes. ANSWER:

42

march 2013

M

B

Top row (left to right): © Amy Planz / dreamstime; © Rafael Angel Irusta Machin / dreamstime; © Dulsita / dreamstime. Middle row (left to right): © Anke Van Wyk / dreamstime; © Monkey Business Images / Dreamstime; © Marco Clarizia / dreamstime. Bottom row (left to right): © Dreamstime Agency / dreamstime; © Sauletas / dreamstime; © Matt Baker / dreamstime.

answers on page 50


pts m u t S Your paren 6

In what school does the TV show Glee take place? a. Hollywood Arts High School b. Ridgeway Junior High School c. McKinley High School d. Seaview Middle and High School

7

You may find a nudibranch – a . kind of slug – living a. in a desert burrow b. on a tree in a rainforest c. on an arctic glacier d. under a rock on the seabed

8

According to legend, a(n) caused the city of Atlantis to sink into the ocean more than 11 000 years ago. C. tornado A. hurricane D. alien invasion B. earthquake

9

How did the stegosaurus protect itself from enemies? A. It smacked them with its spiky tail. B. It sat on them. C. It stomped on them. D. It bit them.

answers on page 50

1

2

King Tutankhamun became Egypt’s ruler when he was nine years old. He was when he died. C. 35 A. 10 D. 50 B. 19 A baby giant anteater can spend the first of its life riding piggyback on its mother. A. day C. month B. week D. year

3

Which superstar athlete is known as “The Flying Tomato”? C. Mia Hamm A. Shaun White B. Michael Phelps D. Tony Hawk

4

How old was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart when he composed his first piece of music? C. 21 A. 16 D. 4 B. 10

5

It took to build the Empire State Building. A. a little more than a year C. 10 years WANT MORE? D. 50 years B. 5 years

WANT MORE?

10

What is the chemical formula for water? a. WA 2 b. HO c. H3O d. H2O WANT

MORE?

WANT MORE?

WANT MORE? WANT MORE? WANT MORE? Check out the National Geographic Kids book Quiz Whiz.

WANT MORE?

KENNETH GARRETT / National Geographic Stock (king tut); © Httin / dreamstime (wings), © Massman / dreamstime (tomato), IMAGE DIGITALLY COMPOSED; Rex USA (empire state building); © Adam Rose / FOX (glee); Tim Rock / Getty Images (nudibranch); © Christian Martínez Kempin / iStockphoto (stegosaurus); © istock photo (water)

If your parents can’t answer these questions, maybe they should go ! to school instead of you

WANT MORE? WANT MORE? WANT MORE? WANT MORE?

National Geographic KIDS

43


Funny FILL-imIN als Party An

By Kay Boatner

Ask a friend to give you words to fill in the blanks in this story without showing it to him or her. Then read it out loud for a laugh.

My two friends and I were hosting a(n) letter-writing campaign.

showed up first ... with a pet

friend’s name

more friends

large number

fan club meeting at my house to start a

celebrity

past-tense verb

with animals. So I reread my invitation. Instead of

“Bring your own pen,” I wrote “Bring your own pet!” Now a(n) over our heads while a(n) from the

noun

adjective type of liquid

and somehow rodent

body part

sea creature, plural

verb ending in -ing

. Soon a dog was

verb ending in -ing

were swimming in the punch bowl. A(n)

was chasing a cat around the

. It’s going to take a lot of

was

type of bird

something gross

noun

, knocking

to clean up this mess!

dan sipple

over the

slid up my

reptile

! Then

animal

44

march 2013


By kelley miller

NAME Silva FAVOURITE ACTIVITY Plotting outrageous escape routes

“This is the perfect place for a dog-sized pool.”

“Time to take over the world!”

FAVOURITE TOY Perspex pipe PET PEEVE Sawdust in his fur

NAME Charles FAVOURITE ACTIVITY Garden improvement FAVOURITE TOY Tiny spade PET PEEVE Sand in his eyes

Yum! the peanut butter on dog tail is really tasty.

NAME Tarzan FAVOURITE ACTIVITY Finding new uses for boring human items

curtains? i thought this was a climbing wall.

FAVOURITE TOY Curtain tassels PET PEEVE Cats that are scared of heights

NAME Troy FAVOURITE ACTIVITY Taste-testing food for his owners FAVOURITE TOY The cat’s tail

ISTOCK PHOTO (CHARLES, SILVA); © Randy Schwartz Photo (troy); © John Daniels / Ardea (tarzan)

PET PEEVE Getting his tail stuck between his teeth National Geographic KIDS

45


ISTOCKPHOTO(ART)

Spot the difference

46

f eAR M b rC uH a 2r 0y 1 2 3011

Spot ten differences between these two toy town scenes. answers on page 50


By NIna Louw

2

“Simba, remember who you arrrghhhhh!” 1

“COULD SOMEONE HELP ME SHARPEN THIS THING?”

© Steve Dykes / NewSport / CORBIS (1); REUTERS / Andy Clark (2); REUTERS / TIM SHAFFER (3); © VALDRIN XHEMAJ / EPA / CORBIS (4)

“Oh dear, I hope I haven’t missed the school bus again!”

3

4

“hMmm, perfect. a bite-sized snack!”

National Geographic KIDS

47


PLAY THIS! < BY SHOUNEES MOOLA

WIN GAMEA !

WATCH THIS! <

Win o The R ne of thre PS3, Wings gamese LEGO Lor d SMS* ii, PC, DS, 3 for Xbox 3 of “ 6 your n NGK RING”DS or PS Vit 0, ame, a a. follow e g and ch d e oice o and addre by to 339 f console ss 70.

WIN A MOVIE!

Win one of Diamond Edfive Peter Pan discs or DV ition Blu-ray PETER” fo Ds. SMS* “NGK name, age llowed by your an choice of did address and sc to 33970.

disney classic! Discover the classic story of Peter Pan a tiny boy who can fly and will never grow old. For the first time ever you can watch Peter, Wendy, John, Michael, Tinker Bell and every child’s favourite bad pirate, Captain Hook, in a digitally restored Blu-ray edition. You’ll love this great bedtime story, now released from the Disney vaults after many years.

WIN A MOVIE!

ALL IMAGES SUPPLIED *TERMS AND CONDITIONS ON PAGE 49

Win one of Blu-ray discfive Finding Nemo “NGK NEM s or DVDs. SMS* your name, O” followed by and choice age and address of disc to 33 970.

Welcome back! The colourful, adorable fish named Nemo returns to the small screen on a Blu-ray disc with special features and 3-D Blu-ray. Meet the overprotective clownfish Marlin(Nemo’s dad) and the friendly, but forgetful blue tang Dory as they set off on an underwater adventure to find Nemo after he’s been snatched from the ocean to swim in the fish tank of a city dentist.

48

March 2013

THE LORD OF THE RINGS Xbox 360, PS3, Wii, PC, DS, 3DS, PS Vita All of Middle Earth has been recreated for this LEGO game – even scenes that weren’t in the movies. Gamers follow the story from The Shire all the way to the heart of Mordor. Join Frodo, Aragorn and the rest of the Fellowship in an adventure where you can switch between characters, battle Orcs and Uruk-hai, demolish enemies and destroy environments to earn LEGO points. Unlock more than 80 characters including Shelob the giant spider and Golum the tortured hobbit. Collect Mithril (the most precious metal in Middle Earth) to forge new items in the Blacksmith Shop and jump back and forth between storylines. Multi-player fans can drop in and out at anytime. Inside Info: The words spoken by the tiny characters are taken directly from the movies.

READ THIS! < AFRICA: EYE TO EYE WITH THE UNKNOWN Join a unique expedition to the most extreme parts of our continent with the perfect companion to the series Africa, which started on BBC Knowledge on Sunday 17 February at 6p.m. Discover some new and strange animals. See unusual behaviour like eagles catching giant bats or lizards stalking their prey on the backs of lions. Witness a dramatic giraffe fight through brilliant photography. Grab your smartphone or tablet, hold it over some of the photographs in the book and they come to life as short videos.

WIN A BOOK!

Win a copy of Africa: Ey e to Eye with th SMS* “NGK e Unknown. your name, BBC” followed by age and to 33970. address


BY NINA LOUW

“I CAN’T STAND ON MY OWN, I’M Two TIRED!”

ANDREW SUTHERLAND (ART)

“IF YOU DON’T CALM DOWN YOU’RE GOING TO BECOME A NERVOUS WRECK”

TERMS AND CONDITIONS

choice (English or Afrikaans), valued at R115, absolutely FREE; thereafter only the discount of 20 percent to new subscribers and 25 percent to existing subscribers applies. •We reserve the right to replace the featured gift with one of equal value. Your subscription is provided on a prepaid basis. To ensure uninterrupted service your subscription will automatically renew and billing will take place monthly. We may from time to time amend the fees payable in respect of your subscription. We will notify you of such an amendment as soon as practicable prior to implementing it, so that if you wish to terminate your subscription you may do so. We may alter the payment instruction to correspond with any changes in your fees. •Offer is not valid in conjunction with the Vitality Offer. •Discovery Vitality offer valid only for active Vitality members. •All subscribers agree to receive future correspondence from NG KIDS and MEDIA24 (LTD.). • You can opt out at any stage by sending an e-mail containing your name, surname, cell number and e-mail address with the subject line “opt out subscriber” to optout@ngkids.co.za. •Offer is open to SA addresses only –call 021-405-1905 for international rates. •NG KIDS CLUB benefits are strictly for South African residents. •Staff of Media24 (Ltd) and their immediate family, sponsors and their advertising agencies are not entered into monthly subscriber competitions.

*FOR ALL COMPETITIONS AND GIVEAWAYS IN NG KIDS

All entries must include your name, age, postal address, home telephone number, cell number, e-mail and any mandatory information specific to a competition, including answers to qualifying questions unless otherwise specified. • Prizes and giveaways cannot be transferred or exchanged for cash. • If you cannot meet any one of the entry requirements, the judges reserve the right to award the prize to a runner-up. • NG KIDS has the right to substitute the gift or prize with something of the same value. • The copyright of all entries, letters, photographs, artwork, SMSs and questions belongs exclusively to NG KIDS and NG KIDS reserves the right to edit and republish them in any media. • Winners may decline to have their name used in advertising or listed publicly. • Competitions and giveaways are open to anyone 14 years or younger, except employees of Media24, sponsors and their agents or any company associated with the competition and their immediate families. • Where the competition prize is a holiday stipulating that it is for a certain number of adults and children, “children” will be taken to be under the age of 12, unless otherwise stipulated. • Unless specified only submissions or entries from South Africa are allowed. If winners reside outside of South Africa they may be liable for transport, courier or postage costs. • The winners will be notified telephonically and their names will appear in NG KIDS magazine. • The judges’ decision is final and no correspondence will be entered into. • Allow two months for delivery of prizes from winners’ announcement in NG KIDS. • The prizes will be awarded to correct entries drawn randomly by computer after the closing date, except when there is judging involved or it is stated otherwise. • If the winner cannot becontacted within two weeks after the closing date, an alternative winner will be drawn. • All competition entry SMSs are charged at R1,50 each. Free minutes and SMS bundles do not apply. You can enter as many times as you like, unless stated otherwise. • By entering competitions online, via e-mail or SMS, you agree to receive future correspondence from NG KIDS magazine and the prize sponsors. You can opt out at any stage by sending an e-mail containing your name, surname, cell number and e-mail address with the subject line “opt out” to optout@ngkids. co.za. • The entrant accepts that entry to the competition does not constitute a contract or any form of legal commitment between the entrant and NG KIDS, Media24 or the National Geographic Society. • NG KIDS will not assume liability for any ambiguity, error, oversight or omission whether negligent or otherwise which may be committed by any employee of the participating magazine, their agents or associates in respect of competitions or giveaways published in the magazine or online. • Entry signifies acceptance of the rules. •Competitions in the March 2013 issue of NG KIDS close on 26 March 2013 unless otherwise specified.

*GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR MOVIE SCREENING

The competition opens on 27 February and closes on 10 March 2013. •Tickets will be awarded on a first-come-first-served basis. Winners will be notified immediately. •The prize cannot be redeemed for cash or exchanged for another movie. •Please note: only four tickets per family. •There are 121 tickets available in Johannesburg, 116 in Cape Town and 121 in Durban. •See full terms and conditions for all competitions and giveaways in NG KIDS. YoUr own LUGGAGE SET!

WINNERS FROM NG KIDS DECember 2012 ISSUE

SAMSONITE COMPETITION Ansuné Humphries (Warmbad), Jad Ezzeddine (Johannesburg), Kayra Humphries (Warmbad), Karini Maritz (Secunda), Liam Edwards (Pretoria), 3 Abdool Sader (Ladysmith), Mishka Mahomed (Roodepoort), Jamie Harvey (Port Summer Elizabeth), Keanu Gouws (Port Elizabeth), Benke Grobler (Centurion) Fun BEN 10 OMNIVERSE GAME Zander Greyling (Welkom), Zaid Gasnodien (Calvinia), Jaden 2 Hume (Wellington) | RISE OF THE GUARDIANS HAMPER Liam Schoeman (Edenvale), Theunis Liebenberg (Moorreesburg), Ilene Steenkamp (Welgemoed) | RYAN MARON 2 2 CRICKET SCHOOL OF EXCELLENCE CLINIC Christopher Parsons (Johannesburg), Luke 2 Stapelberg (Johannesburg), Nantes Bouwer (Benoni), Matthew David (Alberton), Mhlanhla Mngomezulu-Tshandu (Pretoria), Franco Hill (Durbanville), Griffyd Davies (Milnerton), Razeen Brey (Cape Town), Roxy Traylor (Cape Town) BOOK OF SPELLS HAMPER Sean Crause (Highveld) Just

3

MADAGASCAR MADAGASCAR Jellies!

MONKEY TAKES PHOTOS SPACE SPACE ROBOTS ROBOTS

NEW

movie

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movie

The Lorax

TITANIC TITANIC MYSTERY MYSTERY SOLVED SOLVED

CLOUDED LEOPARD RESCUE

100t ISSUEh

GAMES, JOKES, AND MORE!

SILLY SILLYPET PET

MADAGASCAR MADAGASCAR

TRICKS! TRICKS!

NEW

movie

5TOYS COOL

FREAKY FREAKY TORNADO

Surfing Poster Make your own Ice Lollies QUIZ: Are you Normal?

NEW

movie

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movie

AAP NEEM FOTO’S

NEW

movie

Issue 100 December 2012 R27,00 (VAT incl.)

HAPPY FEET

SPACE SPACE ROBOTS ROBOTS

movie

NEW

movie

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movie

The Lorax

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movie

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movie

*GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR SUBSCRIPTIONS

Children must ask an adult’s permission.SMSs charged at R1. •Free minutes and SMS bundles do not apply. •Offer valid until 26 March 2013. •The first 174 subscribers will receive the book Desert Prisoner in the language of their

CLOUDED LEOPARD RESCUE

GAMES, JOKES, AND MORE!

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Emily: Did you know you were built upside down?

Adam: What do you mean? Emily: Your nose runs and your

feet smell.

Who’s there? Olive. Olive who? Olive you.

How did the lion greet the impala?

A

winter?

“Pleased to eat you!”

ha haha!

A

“What in the World?” (page 42): Top row: furry dice, socks, earrings. Middle row: soccer boots, twins, playing cards. Bottom row: flip-flops, window wipers, in-line skates. Bonus: Batman and Robin “Stump Your Parents” (page 43): 1. B, 2. D, 3. A, 4. D, 5. A, 6. C, 7. D, 8. B, 9. A, 10. C.

Q

Answers

Why do birds fly south in the

It’s easier than walking.

Q

Guernsey cow

WANT MORE?

WANT MORE?

WANT MORE?

wait! i’m not nuts! i’m just nuts ABOUT you!

50

NO M A VR EC M H B2E0R1 32 0 1 2

WANT MORE? WANT MORE? Check out the NG KIDS book MORE? WANT Just Joking 2.

© LYNN M. STONE / Nature Picture Library (cow); © Elvele Images Ltd / Alamy (lion), © Pioneer111 / Dreamstime (silverware), image digitally composed; Bradley Mason / Getty Images (kids); © Konrad Wothe / Nature Picture Library (geese); © S & D & K Maslowski / Minden Pictures (squirrel)

Knock, Knock.


30

awesome and

surprising things

made of

recycled material. look what’s COMING IN OUR APRIL ISSUE! Here’s a robot that could soon become part of your family.

Got green fingers? Then we have just the green activities, games, jokes and puzzles for you!

NG KIDS goes behind the scenes of the new movie

Meet the caracal

Oz: The Great and Powerful.

WEN 10 PS3-KONSOLES

WIN 10 PS3 CONSOLES gamES + art hamPErS

SPELETJIES + KUNSPAKKIES

VAN R55 000

WOrth r55 000 YOU TOYOU BROUGHT BROUGHTTO

BOSTIK DEUR BOSTIK AANGEBIED AANGEBIED DEUR

BOSTIK BY BYBOSTIK

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www.ngkids.co.za

EW NE N ovie mo m

3

AR SCAR GASC DAGA MA MADA

3

SCAR AGASCAR MAD MADAGA

PET PET LY LYPET SIL SIL SILLY S! S!

ICK TR TRICK

AGTER DIE VAN SKERMS T WRECK-I RALPH

NEW Amazing

sculptures

Animals W NEovie

KY EAKY FREA FR ADO TORN

m

rax The Lo

Clouded leopard rescue | Do animals love each other?

NEW

Issue 102 February 2013 R27,00 vie(VAT incl.)

mo

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02102

PET SILLY SILLY PET

KS! TRIC TRICKS!

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NEW vie

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Uitgawe 78 Februarie 2013 R27,00 (met BTW)

NEWe movi

movie

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JOKES, GAMES, E! AND MOR

Diere NEW

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NIC TITA TITANIC TERY MYS MYSTERY ED SOLV SOLVED

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SPAC SPACEE OTS ROB ROBOTS

movie ChoColate!

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E D TH BEHINES OF SCEN K-IT WRECH RALP ACEE SP SPAC TS BOTS RO ROBO

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WHY NOT JOIN THE NG KIDS CLUB? SEE PAGE 38 FOR DETAILS!

SA’s MAG TOP YOU FOR KIDSNG !

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52

NOVEMBER 2012

2013 03  
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