Two Row Times, January 18, 2023

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Search uncovers 171 'plausible burials' near St. Mary's Indian Residential School

KENORA — Searches for unmarked graves at the site of a former northern Ontario residential school have uncovered 171 ``plausible burials,'' the Wauzhushk Onigum Nation said Tuesday, with other sites still to be investigated.

Most of them were unmarked, except for five with grave markers, the First Nation said in a news release.

Federal and provincial ministers were expected to meet with the First Nation Tuesday for discussions, including about resources to continue the investigation.

``Both Canada and Ontario have continued to express their commitment to reconciliation, to the truth, and to healing of our communities,'' Chief Chris Skead said in the release.

``Finding the truth and exercising caution on everything touched by this genocidal legacy comes at a price and it's a price our Treaty partners need to be prepared to pay. That is true reconciliation.''

According to records provided by the Truth and Reconciliation Commis-

sion, at least 36 children died at the St. Mary's Residential School in Kenora, Ont., the First Nation said.

``Based on conversations with survivors, and their testimonies, the true number is believed to be significantly higher,'' it said.

Between 1897 and 1972, more than 6,000 Indigenous children attended the Catholic-run institution.

The plausible burials were found during studies conducted by the First Nation's technical, archeological and ground-penetrating-radar team, and informed by testimony from survivors, it said.

The studies were first launched in May as part of a multi-year project intended to locate unmarked graves.

Wauzhushk Onigum Nation is now seeking resources to get greater certainty on the number of plausible graves in the cemetery grounds linked to the former school and to conduct investigations into sites near it.

Additional sites, which are not covered by the current search and include land now privately owned, have been identified by survivor testimony, archeological assessment and archival investigations, the First Nation


Ontario Indigenous Affairs Minister Greg Rickford said he communicated his full support to Skead upon hearing of the discovery.

``As we continue to uncover the truth of our collective past on the journey toward reconciliation, we will continue to support these investigations and will support healing for survivors, their families and community members suffering from mental health and addictions due to intergenerational trauma and harms inflicted by the Indian Residential School system,'' he said in a statement.

More than 150,000 Indigenous children were forcibly separated from their families and communities and sent to churchrun residential schools beginning in the 19th century, a central element of a state-backed policy that amounted to cultural genocide, according to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

A motion calling on the federal government to recognize residential schools as genocide passed the House of Commons with unanimous consent in October.

The 2021 findings of possible unmarked graves at a former Kamloops, B.C., residential school set off a number of other investigations.

Last week, Star Blanket Cree Nation in Saskatchewan said ground-penetrating radar had turned up 2,000 areas of interest and a child's bone had been separately found at the site of one of Canada's longest-running residential schools located in that province.

The Indian Residential Schools Resolution Health Support Program has a hotline to help residential school survivors and their relatives suffering trauma invoked by the recall of past abuse. The number is 1-866-925-4419.

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The second announcement of discoveries at former Indian Residential Schools in Canada in less than one week, as the Wauzhushk Onigum Nation reported 171 unmarked graves were discovered. TRC

Radar shows 2,000 areas of interest at former residential school site

NATION — A First Nation in Saskatchewan says ground-penetrating radar has discovered more than 2,000 areas of interest and a child's bone was separately found at the site of one of the longest-running residential schools in the country.

Star Blanket Cree Nation Chief Michael Starr said Thursday it shows the harsh truth of what happened within the walls of the Qu'Appelle Indian Residential School.

``It was unthinkable. It was profound. It was sad. It was hurtful,'' Starr said Thursday. ``And it made us very angry what had happened to our young people here.''

Areas for the search were selected after testimonials from former students and elders who witnessed or heard stories of what happened at the residential school about 75 km northeast of Regina.

The jawbone fragment, found last October, was identified by the province's coroner's service to be that

of a child between the ages of four and six from about 125 years ago. It was not located anywhere near an area that was known to be a graveyard.

``This is physical proof of an unmarked grave,'' said project lead Sheldon Poitras.

Poitras said his team is looking at options, including miniature core drilling to enable DNA testing, to confirm what is there.

He said the area where the school was located makes it difficult to do ground-penetrating radar and they don't believe all areas of interest are unmarked graves.

The institution was also known as the Lebret, St. Paul's and Whitecalf school. It burned down and was rebuilt twice.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau called the discovery ``difficult news'' and said the federal government will help the First Nation every step of the way.

``I am profoundly saddened and disturbed to learn of the findings of a child's remains and potential unmarked graves at the former Lebret (Qu'Appelle) residential school in Saskatchewan,'' Trudeau said

in a statement.

``No child should ever have been stolen from their family. No child should ever have been robbed of their childhood, their culture, their community, or their language.

``No child should ever have faced the unthinkable abuse, loneliness, and fear they did at these so-called schools like the one in Qu'Appelle Valley. And no child should have ever spent their last moments suffering in a residential school and have their life stolen from them.''


Relations Minister Marc Miller said on social media that the ``finding of human remains of a very young child at the site of Lebret Residential School is not only a tragic reminder of Canada's painful history and of the heinous acts that were committed in residential schools, it's further proof of that.''

The school was one of the first three to open in Canada and was run by the Roman Catholic Church through the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate from 1884 to 1973.

It operated for another

25 years until it closed in 1998.

The Catholic Archdiocese of Regina said it stands with the Star Blanket Cree Nation and all those affected by the findings and it understands that the recent discovery of human remains on the grounds of the former school is deeply traumatizing.

``It is especially difficult to hear that it is the remains of a child that have been found,'' the archdiocese said in a statement. ``It is a painful reminder of all the children who did not return home from residential schools.

``Each finding like this can reopen wounds and resurface inter-generational trauma for survivors and loved ones pointing us to the challenges and hurts that remain to be healed.''

An estimated 150,000 Indigenous children were forced to attend residential schools over a century in Canada and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's final report detailed that many experienced emotional, physical, sexual and spiritual abuse.

The school had a reputation for strict religious instruction, strenuous physical labour and physical abuse. Survivors told the commission about extended periods of kneeling, beds being pushed over with kids still on top and slaps across the face. One survivor shared how he saw a fellow student tied to a heat register.

The school often had outbreaks of disease and a high mortality rate, the commission's report found. Louise Moine wrote about tuberculosis rampaging through the school in her memoir.

``There was a death every month on the girls' side and some of the boys went also,'' Moine wrote.

The National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation has a record of 56 student deaths at the school.

Sharon Strongarm, a survivor of the school, held back tears Thursday as she explained how she was taken from her parents. She said she and her siblings had to learn to survive and to forgive.

``They tried to take our spirits away. They tried to take the Indian out of us,'' she said. ``But thank the Creator we are back here, strong as we will ever be, helping each other.''

The community is looking to expand its search areas and have approval from some nearby landowners to start work in the spring. They are also looking to excavate two unexpected rooms that were located underground during the initial search, Poitras said.

Chief Bobby Cameron of the Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations said people are feeling anger and pain. There is a need for justice, he added.

``That little baby, those bones, was someone's child, someone's grandchild,'' Cameron said.

Ottawa spent years building and funding residential schools that caused so much harm, Cameron said. Now, he said, the federal government must build wellness centres to help communities heal.

``This country was literally built on the bones of our people and our blood is in this land.''

The federation represents 74 First Nations in Saskatchewan.

The Indian Residential Schools Resolution Health Support Program has a hotline to help residential school survivors and their relatives suffering trauma invoked by the recall of past abuse. The number is 1-866-925-4419.

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 2 LOCAL
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A child's jawbone coming from a little one believed to be between 4-6 years old, dating back to around 1899, was discovered at the site of the former Qu'Appelle Industrial School. TRC

Indian Day School compensation claim extension deadline passes; fate of appeal remains unclear

The January 13 deadline to file for compensation under the Federal Indian Day Schools Class Action Settlement has come and gone and it’s unknown if the Six Nations Elected Council’s legal appeal to that deadline, filed in December, was successful.

Numerous calls and emails to Six Nations Elected Band Council’s office regarding the issue have gone unanswered.

Six Nations filed an 11th hour appeal in December seeking an extension to the deadline, saying many former Indian Day School will miss out on

Hamilton uncovers sewage leak

HAMILTON — The City of Hamilton says it has uncovered another sewage leak that has been dumping waste into Lake Ontario for more than two decades.

The revelation comes after the city reported in November that a leak discovered to be from 1996 had dumped 337 million litres of sewage into the Hamilton harbour in the 26 years it went undetected.

The city says it confirmed the latest leak — also believed to present since 1996 — on Monday following an investigation into the previous leak.

It says the investigation shows as many as 11 residential properties have been discharging wastewater into the local harbour since 1996, when a 100-year-old combined sewer pipe was connected to a newly constructed storm sewer.

The city says the latest leak was found as part of a pilot program that inspects areas of the sewer system where the same cross connections responsible for the leak uncovered in November could be present.

the compensation because of unfair delays in filing applications.

The process for filing applications took place mostly during the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in delays for many former students, Six Nations argued in a press release it sent out last month.

In 2019, the federal government approved a $1.47 billion settlement to compensate thousands of former Indian Day School students for harms they experienced while attending the schools.

Indian Day School (IDS) Survivors Demand Fair Timeline to Seek Compensation

Legal action launched against Government of

Canada to extend unrealistic deadline for survivors to seek compensation under IDS class action settlement

Six Nations filed legal action against the federal government Dec. 21 seeking an extension past Jan. 13.

The Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council (Six Nations) and class member Audrey Hill asserted that the agreement’s timeline, notification and support process for survivors to seek compensation is unrealistically short, culturally insensitive and “re-traumatizing.”

In addition, they argue the process took place almost entirely within the COVID-19 pandemic, putting a further wrench in

the ability of all class members to apply on time.

To give class members a true opportunity to seek compensation, Six Nations and Hill filed a notice of motion arguing that the deadline should be extended to Dec. 31, 2025.

The agreement’s claim process opened January 2020 and almost immediately afterwards, the pandemic hit.

SNGR said that exacerbated challenges with the short timeline and the plan for notifying and assisting class members, which needed to be done in-person, given two-thirds of households in First Nations communities do not have access to high-speed internet.

Since the pandemic

began, about 28 community sessions have been held in 26 of the approximately 700 affected communities (less than four per cent).

“To this day, a significant number of class members have not yet made a claim because of limited claims assistance, a lack of cultural sensitivity and unfair timelines,” said Hill. “We know that trauma survivors are often only able to recall or disclose trauma in stages, and most importantly, with time. Because of the lack of reasonable and culturally sensitive assistance provided, I felt compelled to voluntarily assist others with their claims. It should not have come to this.”

Systemic abuse was suffered by generations

of First Nations children attending IDS run by the Government of Canada for over a century.

The claims period was set at two and a half years, compared to five years for the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement.

The claims period began on Jan. 13, 2020, and was quickly derailed by the COVID-19 pandemic, which SNGR said had a disproportionate impact on First Nations communities.

The agreement specifically called for cultural sensitivity to minimize the risk that class members would be re-traumatized when claiming compensation. SNGR said that did not happen.

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 3

Judge to decide sentencing for two men at 'Land Back Lane'

Caledonia known as Land Back Lane.

Skyler Williams and Darryl Porter will be in court next week to hear a judge’s decision on sentencing for mischief and other charges related to activities surrounding their involvement at a land reclamation site in

The two are facing mischief charges, among other offences, for their involvement in the protest, which saw Six Nations people and their allies stop construction of a housing development in Caledonia on McKenzie Road in Caledonia in July 2020.

The group has since


built a little community there, with families and children and the permanent construction of tiny homes on the land once slated for a massive housing subdivision.

Williams, who is a brand-new father to a one-month-old baby, says there is one silver lining: he has been informed there will be no custodial sentence, meaning no jail


“I’m pleased about that,” says Williams, who was the main face of Land Bank Lane for the past few years but has since gone back to work as an ironworker. “There isn’t going to be any jail time.”

In December, a Haldimand court ruled in favour of the McKenzie Meadows housing development company granting

to a

Foundation Celebration

them a permanent injunction that gives police the right to remove land defenders from the property for “trespassing.”

"We put in our notice of appeal,” said Williams. “We are going to be appealing to the Ontario Court of Appeal. We have to give them an opportunity to walk some of this reconciliation talk they’ve been spouting for the past

20 years.”

Even with the appeal winding its way through the superior court, police have the right to enter any time to remove the families and children residing there, said Williams.

“There is always a threat. Even while it’s in court for the appeal. There’s still a chance the police could go in.”

Habitat for Humanity Hamilton and Habitat for Humanity Heartland Ontario are partnering with the Six Nations of the Grand River to help bring the Onondaga 1 build to life. Onondaga 1 is an innovative five-unit housing project that aims to provide safe and affordable rental options for families of the Six Nations of the Grand River. Visit: to learn more.

This project was made possible thanks to the support of the Six Nations of the Grand River Economic Development Trust and Indigenous Services Canada.

He said although things have been quiet at Land Back Lane, the nickname for the land reclamation site on McKenzie Road, “There’s still lots of people there. There’s a number of kids that live there. It’s become a nice little community of folks and live free on our lands.”

Williams said he has no faith the police will respect the children and families who live there under constant threat of eviction from the OPP.

Williams and Porter will be in court on Jan. 25 to hear their sentences.

Human rights abuses: report

NEW YORK — A leading human rights group says Canada is failing to address long-standing abuses, delivering a scathing rebuke of what it calls the federal government's inadequate climate policy and violations of the rights of Indigenous people and immigration detainees.

Human Rights Watch says more than two-dozen First Nations remain under longterm drinking water advisories, despite Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's promise to bring that number down to zero.

The New-York based rights group also says Canada's border agency continues to operate without oversight, detaining some asylum-seekers indefinitely.

The criticisms levelled in the group's annual ``World Report'' extend to Canada's climate change policy, as well.

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 4
Onondaga One is a partnership Habitat for Humanity build Innovative housing for families of the Six Nations of the Grand River
Tue. January 24 Ohsweken, ON (Six Nations) 12:30pm Harold Road St. 1 (Foundation visit & photos) 1-3pm Six Nations Hall 1738 4th Line (Community Celebration)

The Oneida Nation is in a state of emergency over its drinking water

Oneida Nation of the Thames had to conserve water over Christmas thanks to a drinking water crisis that still plagues the community this month.

The Oneida Nation continued its state of emergency into January as water levels have fluctuated with critically low levels to extremely high levels in a very short time frame.

On Dec. 15, 2022, community members were asked to cease use of all non-essential use of water over the holiday period.

While the conserve water notice has now been lifted, the state of emergency and the boil water advisory remain in effect.

“I want to commend Oneida staff who worked tirelessly over the holidays and community members for doing their part, working together to get us through such a critical period.” said Chief Todd Cornelius, elected Chief of Oneida Nation of the Thames. “Quantity issues are being closely monitored and our quality

issues are far from being resolved. Our community simply wants the basic human right of clean drinking water.”

The Oneida Emergency Control Group met with representatives from Indigenous Services Canada (ISC), Emergency Management Ontario, Public Safety Canada, the City of London, Middlesex County, and the Ministry of Natural Resources to create short-term relief; including expensive external water truck deliveries.

The long-term solution, however, remains a long, drawn-out process and has yet to be determined, Oneida said in a press release.

“There has been unprecedented response from both media and the public, with invitations sent to government officials to come to the table with a meaningful solution with little to no response.” says Pam Tobin, Chief Executive Officer of Oneida. “This is simply unacceptable.”

A boil water advisory has been in effect on the Oneida Public Water System since September 2019 and became long term in September 2020.

The advisory affects 546 homes and 22 community buildings. Since the announcement of the state of emergency, public outcry has mounted with several social media campaigns and a call to action to contact local Members of Parliament. Water and monetary donations continue to pour in from the public to the Oneida Nation of the Thames bottled water delivery program.

Oneida Nation of the Thames continues to ask the public to support the need for clean drinking water by contacting their local Members of Parliament to voice their opinion and address the issue.

The Oneida Nation of the Thames is home to over 2,000 residents and has a total membership of over 6,000 located across Canada and the United States. Established in 1840, as the “Oneida Settlement” the Oneida people as Onyota’a:ka, “People of the Standing Stone.”

The Oneida Nation Settlement is in southwestern Ontario and borders the eastern shore of the Thames River 30 kilometers south of the London.

Two people accused of killing OPP officer in first court appearance

CAYUGA — Two people accused of killing OPP officer Greg Pierzchala on December 27 on the border of Hagersville and Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation are still awaiting a bail hearing.

The two accusedRandall McKenzie, 25 and Brandi Stewart-Speary, 30 appeared in court via video link Tuesday afternoon in their first appearance since the shooting death of Cst. Pierzchala in late December.

The two accused appeared before judge Bruce Phillips in a Cayuga courtroom yesterday, with the lawyer for one of the accused saying it was too early to decide whether or

not they should be granted bail.

Both of the accused have been in custody since Cst. Pierzchala was shot dead on a Tuesday afternoon around 2:30 p.m. in late December while responding to a call of a stolen 2021 black Chevy pick-up truck in the ditch on Townline Road between Hagersville and Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation.

During a later press conference, the OPP commissioner says the officer was “ambushed”, with no chance to draw his weapon or defend himself.

Police spent the next few hours combing nearby fields and bushes searching for Stewart-Sperry and McKenzie, even going so far as to issue a shelter in place emergency order to local residents in southern

Ontario as they sought the wanted suspects, who were considered armed and dangerous.

McKenzie was out on bail at the time of the shooting and had a long rap sheet that included numerous violent offences, including firearms offences, and was actually being sought by police for failing to appear for a September court date.

The shooting has resulted in calls for bail reform for violent offenders who may pose a risk to public safety.

Pierzchala was only 28 when he died, and had just learned on the day he was shot that he had passed his 10-month probation.

The two accused will re-appear in court on Feb. 21 in Cayuga.

Deadline approaching for intervenors in Six Nations’ historic land claim case

Any groups wishing to participate in Six Nations’ litigation against the Crown in its monumental land claims case dating back to 1995, when it was first filed, have until Feb. 3 to apply.

Three known groups have already stepped in asking to be part of the proceedings, claiming an interest in the almost onemillion-acre Haldimand Tract, which Six Nations claims was wrongfully ceded from them without its consent since the lands were granted to “the Mohawks and such others” under the Haldimand Proclamation of 1784.

A court has decided anyone who wishes to argue their reasons to intervene in the case and be added to the roster of plaintiffs will be heard beginning May 8, 2023, for four days.

Six Nations initiated the lawsuit against the federal government in 1995, saying that after 1784, the British Crown, along with federal and provincial governments, failed to set aside the lands for the enjoyment of the Mohawks and such others and improperly sold most of the lands to settlers, while mismanaging the proceeds of the sales.

Today, the Six Nations of the Grand River people are living on less than five per cent of the original 950,000-acre land grant.

The Haudenosaunee Development Institute (HDI) was the first to file as an intervenor in the land claims case, saying it was the rightful steward over the lands in question.

Next came the Six Nations Men’s Fire and then, the neighbouring Mississuagas of the Credit First Nation.

That First Nation is applying to be a plaintiff in what could be the biggest land claim lawsuit settlement in Canadian history saying the parts of the Haldimand Deed territory cover MCFN’s traditional territory, as well.

The suit seeks answers to what happened to Six Nations land along the Grand River and any monies or proceeds the government obtained from those land transactions.

Lonny Bomberry, director of Six Nations Lands and Resources, says the intervenors are applying out of pure “greed.”

The massive land rights case could be the biggest land claim settlement in Canadian history, with some estimates putting the dollar amount in the trillions, and is expected to be heard sometime in 2024. The case was supposed to be heard in September 2022, and was

pushed to 2023, and will now be heard in 2024, according to Bomberry, who said the province of Ontario is not equipped to defend its position in the case.

Bomberry said SNGR elected council will “vigorously” defend its position as the sole plaintiff in the land rights case, which seeks an accounting of lands the Crown granted to the “Mohawks and such others” as part of the Haldimand Proclamation of 1784, consisting of six miles on either side of the Grand River from its mouth to source.

Any amount awarded to Six Nations, he said, would be for the benefit of all the people in the community, not just elected council.

The HDI applied in September to be an intervenor in the case on behalf of the HCCC, citing the Haudenosaunee Confederacy Chiefs Council (HCCC) as the true governing body of Six Nations and all Haudenosaunee people in both Canada and the United States.

Bomberry has said the case is more of a monetary accounting case rather than a land claim case, as Six Nations seeks an accounting of monies associated with the sales and leases of its land without its consent.

Police looking for missing woman

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 5
SIX NATIONS/CALEDONIA — OPP are asking the public for help locating a 28 year old woman, who they say went missing in the Oneida Road and Sixth Line area. Taylor Marie KEIZER-DOUGLAS is 5’4’’, 116lbs, with long brown hair. She was last seen on January 7, 2023 in the area of 6th Line and Oneida Rd on Six Nations of the Grand River. She may be in the Hamilton area. Police are asking anyone with information to call 1-888-310-1122 for help locating her..


Alberta's new policy on psychedelic drug treatment for mental illness: Will Canada lead the psychedelic renaissance?

Patients in Alberta will now be able to legally consider adding psychedelic-assisted therapy to the list of treatment options available for mental illnesses.

Alberta psychiatrists and policymakers suggest that they are getting ahead of the curve by creating regulations to ensure the safe use of these hallucinogenic substances in a therapeutically supported environment. As of Jan. 16, the option is available only through registered and licensed psychiatrists in the province.

Alberta's new policy may set a precedent that moves Canadians one step closer to accepting psychedelics as medicinal substances, but historically these drugs were widely sought out for recreational and non-clinical purposes. And, if cannabis has taught us anything, medicalizing may simply be a short stop before decriminalizing and commercializing.

Psychedelic drugs — including LSD, psilocybin (magic mushrooms), MDMA (ecstasy) and DMT (ayahuasca) — are criminalized substances in most jurisdictions around the world, but some people are suggesting it is time to re-imagine them as medicines. A few places are even considering decriminalizing psychedelics altogether, claiming that naturally occurring plants like mushrooms, even ``magic'' ones, should not be subject to legal restrictions.

In the wake of cannabis reforms, it appears that psychedelics may be the next target in the disman-

tling of the war on drugs. Canada made bold strides internationally with its widespread cannabis decriminalization, but are Canadians ready to lead the psychedelic renaissance?

Early psychedelic research

There is some precedent for taking the lead. In the 1950s and `60s, an earlier generation of researchers pioneered the first wave of psychedelic science, including Canadian-based psychiatrists who coined the word psychedelic and made headlines for dramatic breakthroughs using LSD to treat alcoholism.

Vancouver-based therapists also used LSD and psilocybin mushrooms to treat depression and homosexuality. While homosexuality was considered both illegal and a mental disorder until later in the 1970s, psychedelic therapists pushed back against these labels as patients treated for samesex attraction more often experienced feelings of acceptance — reactions that aligned this particular approach in Vancouver with the gay rights movement.

Despite positive reports of clinical benefits, by the end of the 1960s psychedelics had earned a reputation for recreational use and clinical abuse. And, there was good reason to draw these connections, as psychedelic drugs had moved from pharmaceutical experimentation into mainstream culture, and some researchers had come under scrutiny for unethical practices.

Regulation and criminalization

Most legal psychedelics

ground to a halt in the 1970s with a set of regulatory prohibitions and cultural backlash. In public health reports since the 1970s, psychedelics have been described as objects of unethical research, recreational abuse and personal risk including injury and even death.

Underground chemists and consumers tried to combat this image, suggesting that psychedelics provided intellectual and spiritual insights and enhanced creativity.

Most jurisdictions around the world criminalized psychedelics, whether for clinical research or personal experimentation.

Indigenous and non-western uses of hallucinogenic plants of course stretch back even further in history, and these too came under legal scrutiny through a combination of colonial pressures to assimilate and a looming war on drugs that did not distinguish between religious practices and drug-seeking behaviours.

Volume 10, Issue 24

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The return of psychedelics

In the last decade, regulations prohibiting psychedelics have started relaxing. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has designated breakthrough therapy status to MDMA and psilocybin, based on their performance in clinical trials with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and treatment-resistant depression, respectively.

Health Canada has provided exemptions for the use of psilocybin for patients with end-of-life anxiety, and has started approving suppliers and therapists interested in working with psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy. Training programs for psychedelic therapists are popping up across Canada, perhaps anticipating a change in regulation and the current lack of trained professionals ready to deliver psychedelic medicine.

At the moment, the next generation of scientific research on psychedelics

still lags behind the popular enthusiasm that has catapulted these substances into the mainstream. Celebrity testimonials and compelling patient accounts are competing for our attention.

Meanwhile, the growing burden of mental illness continues to overwhelm our health-care systems. Psychedelics are being held up as a potential solution. But, magic mushrooms are not magic bullets.

Beyond the medical marketplace

Historically hallucinogenic substances have defied simple categorization as medicines, spiritual enhancers, toxins, sacred substances, rave drugs, etc. Whether or not Health Canada, or the province of Alberta, reclassifies psychedelics as a bona fide therapeutic option, these psychoactive substances will continue to attract consumers outside of clinical settings.

Canada has an opportunity to take the lead once

more in this so-called psychedelic renaissance. But, it might be our chance to invest in more sustainable solutions to harm reduction and ways of including Indigenous perspectives, rather than racing to push psychedelics into the medical marketplace.

Indigenous approaches to sacred plants are not only about consuming substances, but involve preparation, intention and integration, often structured in ritualistic settings that are as much about spiritual health as physical or mental health.

This cosmology and approach does not easily fit under the Canada Health Act, nor is it obvious who should be responsible for regulating or administering rituals that sit outside of our health-care system. These differences in how we might imagine the value of psychedelics is an opportunity to rethink the place of Indigenous knowledge in health systems.

We are well positioned to take a sober approach to the psychedelic hype, which has been driven in large part by financial interests, and consider what aspects of the psychedelic experience we want to preserve.

Now may be a good time to reinvest in our public institutions to ensure that psychedelics don't simply become another pharmaceutical option that profits private investors. Instead, we have an opportunity with psychedelics to rethink how a war on drugs has harmed individuals and communities and how we might want to build a better relationship with pharmaceuticals.

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Will Canada lead the way in utilizing psychedelic drug treatments for things like Post Traumatic Stress Disorder? .
TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 7

Planning your Valentine’s Day marriage proposal

Feb. 14 is a day dedicated to love. And for couples who are pondering their futures together, Valentine’s Day may seem tailor-made for wedding proposals.

According to a survey of 1,000 married adults by James Allen, an online diamond and bridal jewelry retailer, people really love getting engaged on Valentine’s Day. Forty-three per cent of Millennials report favouring Valentine’s Day for proposals — whether they’re doing the asking or being asked.

There are a few things to keep in mind when considering whether or not to pop the question on Valentine’s Day. Here are some ideas for planning the proposal.

Make it your own: Even if the proposal is taking place on one of the most popular days of the year to get engaged, interject

some personality into the occasion. Include important elements that are dear to the person to whom you are proposing, such as favourite flowers or a preferred restaurant. Restaurant reservations may be hard to come by on Valentine’s Day, so you may want to select a more private meal at home or something catered unless you want to share your proposal with a crowd.

Visit possible locations in advance: Think about where you would like to propose and visit those areas at different times of the day. Timing a proposal during sunset with the rays creating a warm glow on a park bench or on the incoming tide can make it more magical. Adjust proposal area plans for busier crowds expected on Valentine’s Day.

Have the ring at the ready: Jewelry shops are in demand around Valentine’s Day, so be sure to choose and have the ring sized well in advance of the proposal. This ensures

the ring will be ready in time. If the ring will be a surprise, get hints beforehand to understand your loved one’s design tastes. Consider bringing a friend along when shopping to offer support and advice.

Use chocolate to your advantage: Boxes of chocolate are ubiquitous on Valentine’s Day. Nestle the ring inside of a box of truffles or another favourite confection and have the question “Will you marry me?” attached to the inside of the box.

Hire a photographer: Work with a photographer to capture the moment, whether it’s a professional photographer or a friend enlisted for the task. This way you can be fully immersed in the moment as it unfolds, and then look back on the experience from a different perspective when the photos are printed.

Valentine’s Day is a popular time for wedding proposals. With a little planning, the occasion can be even more special.

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Build a wedding budget without breaking the bank

Wedding planning is a unique experience unlike any endeavour most couples will ever encounter. Much effort goes into planning a wedding, and that includes building a budget that ensures the big day will be fun without breaking the bank.

Most couples planning a wedding have never tied the knot before, so it can be difficult to determine a reasonable amount to spend. It’s easy to go overboard when planning a wedding, and couples may find their list of wants and, consequently, their expenses, growing as they get into the weeds of wedding planning.

Though it might require some difficult decisions, couples can keep these tips in mind so they can build a wedding budget that won’t land them in debt after saying, “I do.”

Determine funding. The days when a bride’s

parents would finance the wedding entirely on their own are largely a thing of the past. According to a recent WeddingWire Newlywed Report, parents now pay for 52 per cent of wedding expenses. As couples begin establishing a wedding budget, it’s imperative that they first determine who, if any-

one, will be helping them finance the big day. Fifty-two per cent of wedding expenses is a significant amount of money, but in that scenario, couples will still need to come up with roughly half of the money needed to fund their weddings. Couples without substantial savings may be forced to cut back in order

to avoid beginning their life as a married couple in debt.

Make a list of potential expenses. Location will be a significant factor when determining potential expenses. It’s important that couples get an accurate estimate of how much it may cost them to get married in a given city.

Couples who met in a city and still live in a city but grew up in a suburb might save a considerable sum by getting married in their hometowns. Compare and contrast prices in locales you’re considering, and then build your budget accordingly.

Make a list of what’s most important. Most

couples will have to compromise in order to avoid taking on debt to finance their weddings. An earnest discussion about what’s most important to each person can ensure you both get what you want. Each person can make a list of their priorities, ranking them from most important to least important. Once lists are shared, couples can see where their priorities converge and where they diverge. Any items that rank low on each person’s list of priorities can be afforded less funding, while those that are high on each list can take up more of the budget, if necessary.

Commit to a limit before spending a dime. Committing to a limit before spending a dime can help couples keep wedding costs more manageable. Once that number is defined, couples can then work within its parameters, which can make potentially difficult decisions a little easier by narrowing options at a time when options can seem endless.

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 9
A well-planned budget can be just what couples need to begin married life on strong financial footing. SUBMITTED

FEMA fires group for nonsensical Alaska Native translations


(AP) — After tidal surges and high winds from the remnants of a rare typhoon caused extensive damage to homes along Alaska's western coast in September, the U.S. government stepped in to help residents — largely Alaska Natives — repair property damage.

Residents who opened Federal Emergency Management Agency paperwork expecting to find instructions on how to file for aid in Alaska Native languages like Yup'ik or Inupiaq instead were reading bizarre phrases.

``Tomorrow he will go hunting very early, and will (bring) nothing,'' read one passage. The translator randomly added the word ``Alaska'' in the middle of the sentence.

``Your husband is a polar bear, skinny,'' another said. Yet another was written

entirely in Inuktitut, an Indigenous language spoken in northern Canada, far from Alaska.

FEMA fired the California company hired to translate the documents once the errors became known, but the incident was an ugly reminder for Alaska Natives of the suppression of their culture and languages from decades past.

FEMA immediately took responsibility for the translation errors and corrected them, and the agency is working to make sure it doesn't happen again, spokesperson Jaclyn Rothenberg said. No one was denied aid because of the errors.

That's not good enough for one Alaska Native leader.

For Tara Sweeney, an Inupiaq who served as an assistant secretary of Indian Affairs in the U.S. Interior Department during the Trump administration,

this was another painful reminder of steps taken to prevent Alaska Native children from speaking Indigenous languages.

``When my mother was beaten for speaking her language in school, like so many hundreds, thousands of Alaska Natives, to then have the federal government distributing literature representing that it is an Alaska Native language, I can't even describe the emotion behind that sort of symbolism,'' Sweeney said.

Sweeney called for a congressional oversight hearing to uncover how long and widespread the practice has been used throughout government.

``These government contracting translators have certainly taken advantage of the system, and they have had a profound impact, in my opinion, on vulnerable communities,'' said Sweeney, whose great-grandfather, Roy Ahmaogak, invented the In-

Job Posting: Indigenous Recruitment and Admissions Specialist

The Indigenous Recruitment and Admissions Specialist supports both Indigenous Student Services and the Indigenous Health Learning Lodge and conducts key activities related to recruiting Indigenous learners to McMaster. This role supports Indigenous learners during the application and admissions stage by receiving inquiries, liaising with other offices, and sharing opportunities for new students. This role collaborates with community and campus partners to plan and implement innovative strategies that attract and welcome more Indigenous learners to McMaster. Candidates must be Indigenous (First Nations, Métis, Inuit) and have extensive Indigenous community development or partnership building experience. Candidates are invited to share information in their cover letter about their Indigenous ancestry and relevant experience with Indigenous communities.

Unit/Project Description: Responsible for attracting Indigenous applicants to the University through a variety of centralized recruitment efforts, programs, and initiatives. Delivers information to Indigenous students at events and through digital media platforms to promote the various faculties and specific programs. Develops strategies and policies that serve to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the University’s strategic recruitment and admissions.

Job Summary:

• Develop creative methods for raising the profile of the University’s graduate and undergraduate programs in Indigenous communities.

• Conduct an annual needs assessment and write a business plan, which includes the development of recruitment, admission and strategic plans and objectives.

• Research and conduct analysis of best practices domestically and internationally targeted at Indigenous students.

• Advise the University on strategies to make it more attractive to potential Indigenous students.

• Develop and deliver presentations to potential applicants, families, and guidance counsellors.

• Visit Indigenous communities across the province, and occasionally other provinces, to recruit students. Provides program information to graduate and undergraduate applicants.

Purpose and Key Functions:

• Plan and coordinate a variety of events and activities such as campus tours, recruitment fairs, workshops, and high school visits.

• Establish strategic links with appropriate stakeholders as it relates to the University’s recruitment and admissions strategy and student needs.

• Conduct surveys of newly admitted students and analyze data to evaluate the effectiveness of various activities and processes associated with the transition to campus.

• Develop a marketing plan including brochures, pamphlets, posters, and event flyers that provide information on available Faculty programs, scholarships and awards and student services.


Bachelor’s Degree in a related field of study and 3 years of relevant experience.

This position requires a valid G-License as some travel is required to communities where transit is unavailable.

Apply/full job description: “Postings for External Applicants” > “Staff Positions” INDIGENOUS RECRUITMENT AND ADMISSIONS SPECIALIST 52137

upiaq alphabet more than a half-century ago.

She said his intention was to create the characters so ``our people would learn to read and write to transition from an oral history to a more tangible written history.''

U.S. Rep. Mary Peltola, who is Yup'ik and last year became the first Alaska Native elected to Congress, said it was disappointing FEMA missed the mark with these translations but didn't call for hearings.

``I am confident FEMA will continue to make the necessary changes to be ready the next time they are called to serve our citizens,'' the Democrat said.

About 1,300 people have been approved for FEMA assistance after the remnants of Typhoon Merbok created havoc as it traveled about 1,000 miles (1,609 kilometers) north through the Bering Strait, potentially affecting 21,000 residents. FEMA has paid

out about $6.5 million, Rothenberg said.

Preliminary estimates put overall damage at just over $28 million, but the total is likely to rise after more assessment work is done after the spring thaw, said Jeremy Zidek, a spokesperson for the Alaska Department of Homeland Security and Emergency Management.

The poorly translated documents, which did not create delays or problems, were a small part of efforts to help people register for FEMA assistance in person, online and by phone, Zidek said.

Another factor is that while English may not be the preferred language for some residents, many are bilingual and can struggle through an English version, said Gary Holton, a University of Hawaii at Manoa linguistics professor and a former director of the Alaska Native Language Center at the University of Alaska


Central Alaskan Yup'ik is the largest of the Alaska Native languages, with about 10,000 speakers in 68 villages across southwest Alaska. Children learn Yup'ik as their first language in 17 of those villages. There are about 3,000 Inupiaq speakers across northern Alaska, according to the language center.

It appears the words and phrases used in the translated documents were taken from Nikolai Vakhtin's 2011 edition of ``Yupik Eskimo Texts from the 1940s,'' said John DiCandeloro, the language center's archivist.

The book is the written record of field notes collected on Russia's Chukotka Peninsula across the Bering Strait from Alaska in the 1940s by Ekaterina Rubtsova, who interviewed residents about their daily life and culture for a historical account.


Ontario First Nations (2008) Limited Partnership (OFNLP2008) is seeking a qualified individual to fill the position of Finance Officer.

OFNLP2008 is a special entity that was established in 2008 to distribute funds that it receives from the Province of Ontario to the First Nation Partners. OFNLP2008 also manages and directs several major initiatives as mandated by the First Nation Partners. OFNLP2008 is a major, high profile organization among Ontario First Nations and operates in a highly dynamic environment. OFNLP’s 2008 head office is located on the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation territory, southwest of Hamilton, Ontario.

The Finance Officer fulfills a key support role within the Finance Department within the organization.

Under the direct supervision of the General Manager, the Finance Officer provides and performs a variety of professional accounting and bookkeeping work. Responsible for technical mathematical calculations and preparation of fund distributions, keeping of statistical and financial records associated with distributions and ancillary schedules and documents, prepares for presentation monthly and quarterly financial statements, prepares and assists year end audits, among other related financial/ accounting duties.

Candidates must have completed the twelve (12th) grade and have three (3) years proven experience in an organization performing duties comparable to those of a Finance Officer; and

• The Ideal Candidate will hold a CPA Designation;

• Successful completion with a Diploma or Certificate from an accredited business school/college or university with a high concentration of curriculum in financial accounting, management accounting, applied bookkeeping and business mathematics at advanced levels;

Candidates must have proven experience and be highly proficient and skilled in Sage 300 ERP;

Candidates should be highly proficient and skilled in Excel with Vlookup and Pivot table knowledge. Microsoft Office (Word, PowerPoint, etc);

Candidates must be able to provide own transportation and willingness to utilize own vehicle as needed in connection with employment and be willing and able to travel;

• Candidates should also be aware of and have respect and sensitivity for Aboriginal culture, heritage, traditions and protocols;

• Compensation for this position will be commensurate on and is subject to candidates education, training, qualifications, skills, and experience;

• Candidates must be able to work 37.5 hours per week (9:00am to 4:30pm), Monday to Friday.

A detailed Job Description is available and should be reviewed

While we thank all qualified candidates for their interest, only those selected for an interview will be contacted.

Interested persons must submit a resume and covering letter with two current letters of work references, no later than Friday, February 3, by 12 Noon.

Ontario First Nations (2008) Limited Partnership

New Credit Commercial Plaza 78 1st Line Road, Suite 204 HAGERSVILLE, Ontario. N0A 1H0

1-800-208-0884 905-768-7557 Fax 905-768-7667

Attention: Randy W. Sault, General Manager Email:

For Further Information, please visit or call 1-800-208-0884

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 12

Legendary comedian Don Burnstick says laughter is good medicine and will be sharing even more of those laughs across the country since being added to the Darren Ross Agency’s roster. He is touring in 2023 and hopes to enter the U.S. market soon.

“Don Burnstick is a legend in the comedy world and is by far one of the most well known among Indigenous people,” said Jace Martin, agency president. “Our agency seeks to help artists enter the mainstream and work together to bring more exposure to their work and develop strategies to put them in front of more diverse audiences. Don has a reach of more than 100,000 Followers and recently released a TikTok

Records needed as evidence

Don Burnstick signs with Darren

Ross Agency

Well known Indigenous comedian is agency’s first comedic act

that garnered more than 400,000 views in only a few days.

“Don fits perfectly with the Darren Ross Agency as we cater to events all over North America and comedy is another form of entertainment needed as well as music. He is our first Comedy act to sign with the agency.”

Burnstick is Cree from the Alexander First Nation near Edmonton. The agency’s website says he is the youngest of 15 children and that coupled with growing up on the reserve, taught him a variety of coping mechanisms, one being his use of humour.

"I lived on the streets of Edmonton as an alcoholic and drug addict. In 1985, when I sobered up at 21, there were not too many 21-year-old males that were alcohol and drug free so I was asked to share my story,” the site


His message speaks to a proud heritage, the importance of healing through humour and his continuing desire to leave a better world for future generations.

“Don is always writing new material and has worked hard throughout his 30-year career developing his material,” said Martin. “He is well known for Indigenous comedy but is proud to be expand-

ing into more mainstream comedy and entertains more diverse audiences.

He is definitely a family-oriented comedian who doesn't swear in his act but engages the audience and makes his shows interactive. Don also holds wellness workshops across Canada.”

Martin told the Two Row Times this is his first opportunity to work with Burnstick, as president of the agency and now Burnstick’s manager. The team is strategizing to bring Burnstick into the U.S. market and expand his audience.

Martin said he wanted to bring Burnstick on board because he is a well known comedian and he felt Brunswick could bring a lot to the agency as far as work ethic and new ideas to help attract festivals, events and media.

“Our first event together is this Sunday, Jan. 22

at The Gathering Place by the Grand on Six Nations starting at 7 p.m.,” said Martin. “We will be shooting his first special with the agency titled, ‘Turtle Island’s King of Comedy, Don Burnstick LIVE from Six Nations.’”

Martin hopes to pitch the special to Netflix and other mainstream broadcasters.

The Darren Ross Agency is 100 per cent Indigenous owned and operated on Six Nations. Some of the current artists on the roster include JUNO Award winners Crystal Shawanda and Derek Miller, Guitar Magazine Top 50 Guitarist of All Time Stevie Salas and US Billboard Top 40 Recording Artist Jace Martin.

Visit darrenrossagency. com for more information on Burnstick and the rest of the agency’s lineup.

VANCOUVER — The woman appointed to work with Indigenous communities as they search for unmarked graves around former residential schools says additional records must be shared in order to answer ``hard questions,'' including who the missing children were, how they died and where they are buried.

Without records of the genocide of Indigenous Peoples, special interlocutor Kimberly Murray says ``deniers will continue to deny'' and future generations could be led to forget.

While the search is still on for records held by the government and churches that operated many of the schools, Murray says the Truth and Reconciliation Commission has said the most serious gap in knowledge stems from their incompleteness.

She says many documents from past decades no longer exist, including ``200,000 Indian Affairs files'' destroyed between 1936 and 1994.

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 13 ARE YOU UNEMPLOYED? R e s u m e C o v e r l e t t e r J o b S e a r c h i n g I n t e r v i e w i n g s k i l l s J o b M a t c h i n g A c c e s s t o t h e J o b B o a r d G R E A T C a n H e l p W i t h : C o n t a c t 5 1 9 - 4 4 5 - 2 2 2 2 V i s i t u s a t : 1 6 S u n r i s e C o u r t , O h s w e k e n , N 0 1 1 M 0 "Your job is out there. We'll help you find it"
Comedian Don Burnstick is the first comedian to sign on to the Darren Ross Agency’s lineup of entertainment. DARREN ROSS The Canadian Press


know the score.

Popular NHLer Gino Odjick, 52, passes away

ALL continues with games away from home

SIX NATIONS — Eastern Arena Lacrosse League games continued this past weekend, starting with a match between the Whitby Steelhawks and Bramton Express on Friday, January 13. The Express walked away with a win 20-13 over the Steelhawks, On Saturday, January 14, the Six Nations Snipers took on the Peterborough Timbermen at the Millbrook Arena. The game awarded a first star to Vernon Hill for his performance, and a third star to Nolan Fehr.

The first period saw two goals from the Snipers from Dante Romano and Vernon Hill. A response came from the Timbermen, and Brent Longboat went for his first, Vernon Hill went for his second, and Nolan Fehr earned his first. This closed the period at 5-1 for the Snipers.

Coming into the second, a single goal was scored in the second by the

Timbermen, before Nolan Fehr (2), Dougie Powless, Thunder Hill and Vernon Hill put points up in between some respons-es, finishing the period 11-6 for the Snipers. In the third, the Timbermen put up a single, with Andrew Vradenburg and Dougie Powless scoring singles to put the board at 13-7.

In the fourth, Mason Hill and Nolan Fehr closed the period with two more for the Snipers, ending the game at 16-10.

Later in the day, another high scoring game was had between the Ohsweken Bears and the Toronto Monarchs. Gates Abrams was awarded a third star for his performance for the Bears.

The first period saw Isaiah Mt. Pleasant and Danton Miller put their first goals away. But the Monarchs replied with seven, as Alex Henry put up a final single, giving a 3-7 lead for the Monarchs.

In the second, the Monarchs put up four consecutive goals, while Danton Miller put away his second goal of the game. The

Monarchs would put away two more by the end of the period, making the game 4-13. In the third, Gates Abrams and Haneh Brant

The third period opened for a back and forth scoring style, with Isaiah Mt. Pleasant coming in with his second, Haneh Brant with his second, and Jake Bomberry with his first. Lucas Beaver put two fast buries away, and Gates Abrams buried twice to follow and close the period out.

The game ended with a final of 13-19 for the Monarchs.

The following day, the Oshawa Outlaws faced the Paris RiverWolves at the Iroquois Lacrosse Arena, with the RiverWolves stealing the game 14-13.

As for standings in the ALL East, the Brampton Express sit on top, followed by the Oshawa Outlaws, Toronto Monarchs, Paris RiverWolves, Whitby Steelhawks, Six Nations Snipers, Ohweken Bears and Peterborough Timbermen consecutively.


One of the most popular players to suit up for the Vancouver Canucks has passed away.

Wayne "Gino" Odjick, who played 12 seasons in the NHL for the Canucks, New York Islanders, Philadelphia Flyers and Montreal Canadiens, died at the age of 52.

Odjick spent the first eight seasons of his career with the Canucks after being selected by them in the 1990 entry draft, before being traded to the New York Islanders for Jason Strudwick in March 1998.

In 2014, Odjick was diagnosed with Amyloidosis -- a disease he says attacked his organs and his heart.

Speaking on his passing, Ethan Bear noted in a video interview posted by the Vancouver Canucks: “"I heard I scored right after he (Gino Odjick) passed. I

think that is pretty powerful. It was meant to be, maybe he was there for me on that shot.”

The former enforcer had 64 goals and 73 assists in 605 NHL games. Odjick was a key member of the 1994 Canucks Stanley Cup finalist team, playing 10 games in the

playoffs for the team that lost a physical seven-game series to the New York Rangers.

Odjick also did a lot of community work and remains a holder of a Canucks team record, with 2,127 penalty minutes being the most in franchise history.

Eastern Women's ALL begins with Ohsweken 66ers way ahead

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 14
Wayne "Gino" Odjick, an Algonquin from the Kitigan Zibi First Nation, has died . NHL SIX NATIONS — Starting on January 7, the Eastern Women’s Arena Lacrosse League kicked off with four teams, including the newly renamed Ohsweken 66’ers. Taking place at the Iroquois Lacrosse Arena, the Lady Steelhawks took on the Lady RiverWolves to start the season, relinquishing defeat 6-8. The 66’ers took on the Lady Snipers, sweeping a win 6-3. Later, the Steelhawks met the same fate with a 0-9 score against the 66ers. The last game of the day saw the Lady Snipers defeat the Lady RiverWolves 6-3. On Saturday, January 14, the 66ers took on the Lady Riverwolves and came out on top with a close on 5-4. The Lady Snipers also came away with a win over the Lady Steelhawks 6-4. The Lady RiverWolves won 8-3 over the Steelhawks, and the 66ers took a win over the Snipers 5-1 to finish the day. Currently, the Ohsweken 66ers sit on top of league standings, followed by the Lady RiverWolves, Snipers and Steelhawks, consecutively.
ALL games continued on Saturday with the Six Nations Snipers facing the Peterborough Timbermen and the Ohsweken Bears vs. the Toronto Monarchs. TRT

NLL Transactions for Week 7

As Week 7 closes in the NLL, standings for the Eastern Conference saw the Rochester Knighthawks climb to the top, followed by the Buffalo Bandits, Toronto Rock, Halifax Thunderbirds, Albany FireWolves, Philadelphia Wings, Georgia Swarm and New York Riptide, consecutively. Over in the Western Conference, the San Diego Seals sit on top, followed by the Colorado Mammoth, Calgary Roughnecks, Saskatchewan Rush, Panther City Lacrosse, Vancouver War-riors and Las Vegas Desert Dogs, consecutively.

Throughout the week, multiple teams saw movement internally:

On January 11: The Albany FireWolves placed Connor Kelly on the Short Term Hold Out List from the Active Roster and placed Practice Player Curtis Conley on the Active Roster from the Practice Player List.

(maintain Practice player Tag). The Calgary Roughnecks released Brett Hickey from the Active Roster. The Halifax Thunderbirds released Lucas Nagy from the Prac-tice Player List. The Panther City Lacrosse Club

released Cam Milligan from the Active Roster, signed Cam Milligan to the Practice Player List, and removed the Practice Player Tag on Dylan Hutchinson and have retained him on the Active Roster. The Saskatchewan Rush have traded Josh Currier to the Calgary Roughnecks in exchange for a Conditional 2024 Second Round Draft Pick. The Saskatchewan Rush placed Practice Player Jeremy Searle on the Active Roster from the Practice Player List. (maintain Practice player Tag).

On January 12: The Albany FireWolves placed Doug Jamieson on the Active Roster from the Physically Unable to Perform List and released Jackson Brown from the Active Roster. The Hal-ifax Thunderbirds have signed Broedie Birkhof to a one year agreement, placed Broedie Birkhof on the Practice Player List and traded Practice Player Jerry Staats to the Georgia Swarm in ex-change for a Second Round Selection in 2023 Draft. The Philadelphia Wings removed the Practice Player Tag on Koby Smith and placed him on the Hold Out List from the Practice Player List.

On January 13: The Colo-

rado Mammoth have placed Zed Williams on the Active Roster from the Physically Unable to Perform List, placed Practice Player Jake Foster on the Practice Player List from the Active Roster and placed Zach Geddes on the Hold Out List from the Injured Re-serve List – Season Ending. The Philadelphia Wings placed Ian Llord on the injured Reserve List from the Active Roster, placed Cory Vitarelli on the Physically Unable to Perform List from the Active Roster, placed Practice Player George Downey on the Active Roster from the Practice Player List. (maintain Practice Player Tag) and placed Practice Player Christian Scarpello on the Active Roster from the Practice Player List. (maintain Practice Player Tag). The Rochester Knighthawks placed Connor Fields on the Active Roster from the Short Term Hold Out List and placed Practice Player Jeff Wittig on the Practice Player List from the Active Roster.

On January 14: The Calgary Roughnecks placed Practice Player Kieran McKay on the Practice Player List from the Active Roster and placed Mitch Wilde on the Active Roster

from the Injured Reserve List. The Georgia Swarm placed Seth Oakes on the Active Roster from the Evaluation List, released Tanner Buck from the Active Roster, placed Will Cecile on the Active Roster from the Injured Reserve List and placed Jeff Henrick on the Injured Reserve List from the Active Roster. The Halifax Thunderbirds have released Keaton Thomson from the Active Roster, signed Keaton Thomson to the Practice Player List, placed Dawson Theede on the Active Roster from the Physically Unable to Perform List and placed Practice Player Broedie Birkhof on the Physically Unable to Perform List from the Practice Player List. (maintain Practice Player Tag). The Las Vegas Desert Dogs placed Sam Firth on the Injured Reserve List from the Active Ros-ter, and placed Jon Phillips on the Active Roster from the Practice Player List. (maintain Practice Player Tag). The Rochester Knighthawks have placed Dan Coates on the Injured Reserve List from the Active Roster and placed Practice Player Curtis Romanchych on the Active Roster from the Practice Player List.

NLL's ‘Every Child Matters’ Initiative

PHILADELPHIA – On January 17, the National Lacrosse League (NLL), announced its expand-ed support and awareness schedule for “Every Child Matters.”

The initiative is set to be league-wide and will bring awareness to the forcible placement of Indigenous children in residential and boarding schools by the Canadian and United States govern-ments from the 19th century to as late as 1996 in Canada.

In the campaign’s second year, all 15 teams will participate in the program, which will run from Week 9 (Jan. 23-29) through Week 11 (Feb. 6-12) of the 2022-2023 season. Then for the remainder of the season, players will wear specially designed helmet decals supporting “Every Child Matters.”

All 15 NLL teams will be involved, either as host or as a road participant, with a planned home activity later in the season

for some teams. Players will sport the NLL’s “Every Child Matters” logo on a specially designed warmup shirt, along with the helmet decal. The league will also produce audio and video messaging for broadcasts on TSN and ESPN. Additional content will be incorporated into and league social channels, as well as into game presentations.

Several NLL teams played games and conducted youth programs on Indigenous reservations earlier this season, with Philadelphia facing off against Georgia on Nov. 26 at Tsha’ Thoñ’nhes (Where They Play Ball) Arena at Onondaga Nation. Meanwhile, Las Vegas, San Diego and Hali-fax played a mini tournament in Akwesasne at the A’nowara’ko:wa Arena (colloquially called the Turtle Dome). This was the first of more in-person events ranging from clinics to other happen-ings that are currently in the planning stages and will be announced later in the season.

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 15

SIX NATIONS POLICE Constable - Contract Position

Applications for a contract position for Constable with the Six Nations Police are now being called for.

All applicants must fill out a standard application form available at the Six Nations Police Station.

CRITERIA for applicants are as follows:

Minimum Requirements to be considered for a career in First Nations Policing with the Six Nations Police Service, you must:

- Be 19 years of age or over and able to provide an official birth certificate or proof of age;

- Be physically and mentally able to perform the duties of the position having regard to your own safety and the safety of members of the public

- Have successfully completed at least 4 years of Secondary School education or its equivalent (official transcripts and diplomas will be required)

- Be of good moral character and habits, meaning that you are an individual other people would consider being trustworthy and having integrity, with no criminal record;

- certified by a physician to be fit for duty as a front line Six Nations Police Constable and able to pass physical tests which are required in the recruiting process

- Possess a valid driver’s license with no more than 6 accumulated demerit points, permitting you to drive an automobile in Ontario with full driving privileges

- Be able to pass a security clearance as well as background investigation, credit card and reference checks

If you have any criminal convictions under a Federal Statute you must obtain a pardon.

Special Requirements – for the Six Nations Police Service, in order to address the unique and at times urgent needs of the Six Nations of the Grand River Community and Haudenosaunee culture, additional requirements include:

- Extensive knowledge of the unique social dynamics of the Six Nations of the Grand River Territory

- A sound understanding of Haudenosaunee culture, customs, traditions and social political issues of the Six Nations of the Grand River

- Six Nations of the Grand River Band Membership/Citizenship and residency is considered a preferred asset and

- Membership or extensive working experience with any Indigenous Nation will also be considered an asset

Desirable Qualifications:


Six Nations Band member preferred

Previous policing related experience

• Law and security courses, etc.

Closing Date: Applications must be received by 3:00 p.m. January 30, 2023.

Applications in complete form are to be mailed or hand delivered to:

Six Nations Police P.O. Box 758 2112 4th Line Road Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0

Attention: Policing Administrator

For further information, please contact the Policing Administrator at 519-445-4191.

COVID-19 Restrictions will be exercised.

SIX NATIONS POLICE Court Officer-Civilian Position

Applications for a civilian position for a Court Officer with the Six Nations Police are now being called for.

The position will assist the organization in successfully meeting its mission of providing culturally sensitive policing services to the Six Nations Police Service (SNPS), by providing support throughout the process of the administration of court related duties. The Court Officer position works closely with SNPS members to process documents required for daily court operations in locations where uniformed members are required to attend. The Court Officer processes requests for disclosure from the Crown Attorney and performs other administrative operational duties as delegated. The goal of the Court Officer position to ensure appropriate processes are followed in respect to the courts, in collaboration with the judiciary. The position requires tactfulness and diplomacy in interaction with the public, other justice partners, and with all staff members. The Court Officer is supervised by the Chief and Deputy Chief of Police.

CRITERIA for applicants are as follows:

General Duties:

Maintain a positive rapport, good working relationship and respectful communication with personnel of the police service, the judiciary, and members of the public.

Process documents required for daily court operations by:

0 Preparation of Information’s and accompanying court documents for electronic submission

0 Compiling and scanning Crown brief documents for electronic submission to the Crown Attorney

0 Reviewing Crown briefs to ensure that all required documentation is prepared, dated, and authorized according to legislation

0 Supervising the timely distribution of Crown briefs to the appropriate Crown Attorney’s office

0 Maintenance of the court schedule for officers

0 Administration of the Trial/Preliminary Hearing scheduling process

0 Maintenance of the court docket

0 Monitoring the location and status of Crown briefs and other documentation

0 Verification that documents are received following the disposition of cases

0 Attending Court locations as required.

Performs other administrative duties as delegated, including providing advice to uniformed officers on the completion of Crown briefs.

• Maintain knowledge of all legislative, court, and police service procedural changes with the potential to impact Court Officer duties

Undertake all required training to benefit the member and police service


Knowledge of the judicial system, awareness of legislative requirement and the documentation process required to carry out daily court operations

• Knowledge of courtroom decorum and confidentiality/impartiality

Clerical knowledge and keyboarding skills to ensure accurate completion of court documents

Knowledge of police service structure, function, and activities

Word processing skills of 40 words per minute, with a high level of accuracy

Experience of issues related to law enforcement in the Six Nations community and the values and culture of the Haudenosaunee

Six Nations of the Grand River Territory Band membership is an asset

Skills and abilities:

Excellent oral communication and interpersonal skills to maintain professionalism and interact with the judiciary, the public and other stakeholders with tact and diplomacy

Excellent written communication skills

Judgement skills to maintain courtroom decorum, to respond to inquiries and to deal with routine issues

• Proficiency in Microsoft Office and other software applications

Proficiency in computer skills to learn and master a variety of specialized software applications and databases used by police and the courts

Excellent organizational skills, including the ability to devise and maintain an effective filing system

• Ability to work independently and exhibit a high degree of initiative and self-direction

Ability to deal with confidential matters

Ability to multi-task

Applicants for the position of Court Officer shall be required to submit a resume and cover letter. All application packages will be reviewed to ensure the candidate has met minimum requirement and all other qualifications, and the organizational needs of the service.

Closing Date: Applications must be received by 3:00 p.m. January 30, 2023.

Applications in complete form are to be mailed or hand delivered to:

Six Nations Police P.O. Box 758 2112 4th Line Road Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0

Attention: Policing Administrator

A complete job description is available at the front desk of the Six Nations Police Station.

For further information, please contact the Policing Administrator at 519-445-4191.

Thunder Bay's police chief resigns

Canadian Press

THUNDER BAY — Thunder Bay's embattled police chief has resigned.

The Thunder Bay Police Board said it accepted a letter of resignation from Sylvie Hauth during a meeting on Tuesday with an effective date of Jan. 27.

``The Board thanks Chief Hauth for her 30year service to our community and wishes her well in her retirement,'' it said in a news release.

Hauth, who became chief in 2018, was suspended last June after what the board referred to as ``serious allegations'' were brought forward by the Ontario Civilian Police


The suspension followed an investigation that began last February.

At the time, the OCPC raised concerns about the ability of senior leadership to administer the day-to-day operations of the police service in ``good faith'' and in compliance with the Police Services Act.

Hauth was also facing three counts of alleged misconduct under the Police Services Act, with a five-day hearing set for February.

Thunder Bay police had previously announced Hauth planned to retire in June 2023.

The police service

has come under intense scrutiny in recent months, with Indigenous leaders calling for the service to be disbanded altogether because of eroded trust in the community.

In a 2018 systemic review, the Office of the Independent Police Review Director found evidence of systemic racism at the Thunder Bay Police Service that was affecting investigations into the deaths of Indigenous people.

Acting police chief Dan Taddeo, who has been leading the force since last summer, will continue in his role until a new chief is appointed.


2023 DEADLINE CALENDAR for / gweh?: weh n=:` Ohsweg,h]:n/h

Onkwehón:we ne: Ohswekenhro:non

Feb. 1st Application Deadline for Summer semester Apply on-line!

Fall Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students.

Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing.

Winter course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due.

May 1st Application Deadline for Fall or Fall/Winter semester(s) Apply on-line! Winter Marks/Progress Reports due for all funded students.

Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. Summer course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due.

11:59 pm May 1st to 9 am July 1st - The On-line Application on the GRPSEO Website is not available.

Aug 1st Official transcripts are due from students funded for any of the three previous application periods (Summer/Fall/Winter).

For all APPROVED FALL applications - Any documentation that was requested by the Funding Advisor to be submitted to GRPSEO by August 1, (as outlined in the “Check List of Required Documentation” form provided to the applicant), and not received by this deadline date will result in CANCELLATION of the approved application and loss of funding.

Oct. 1st Application Deadline for Winter semester – Apply on-line! Summer Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students.

Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. Fall course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due.



Jan. 3 Office Reopens 2023

Feb. 20 Office Closed: Family Day

Mar. 3 Winter Semester Contact Required From All Students (Check With Your GRPSEO Funding Advisor)

Apr. 7 Office Closed: Good Friday

Apr. 10 Office Closed: Easter Monday

May 1 Accepting Graduate Promotion Items

May 22 Office Closed: Victoria Day

June 1 Summer Office Hours: Open from 8 am to 4 pm

June 21 Office Closed: Observance National Indigenous Peoples Day

July 1 Office Closed: Canada Day

Aug. 1 Official Transcripts

Aug. 1 Office Closed: Civic Holiday

Sept. 1 Back to Regular Office Hours: Open 8:30 am to 4:30 pm

Sept. 4 Office Closed: Labour Day

Sept 30 National Day of Truth and Reconciliation (Orange Shirt Day)

Oct. 9 Office Closed – Thanksgiving Day

Oct. 31 Deadline to Submit Graduate Promotion Items

Nov. 3 Fall Semester Contact Required From All Students (Check With Your GRPSEO Funding Advisor)

Nov. 11 Office Closed: Observance of Remembrance Day

Dec. 22 Office Closed: Christmas Closure

Jan. 2, 2024 Office Reopens

Please check the local newspapers, our website at FaceBook/Instagram/Twitter or give us a call at (519) 445-2219 for more information.

Honour. Educate. Empower.

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 16


Dementia Care Team-Elder Companion Home & Community Care, Health Services

Part Time TBD January 18, 2023

Behaviour Unit Administration Assistant Child & Family Services, Social Services Full Time $36,400 January 18, 2023

Nurse Practitioner Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Full Time $60.44/ Hour January 18, 2023

Community Outreach Worker Six Nations Cannabis Commission Full Time $70.000 to January 18, 2023 $80,000

Occupational Therapist Child & Youth Health, Health Services Full Time TBD January 18, 2023

Assistant Caretaker Parks and Recreation Part Time TBD January 18, 2023 Maintenance Mechanic

Senior Manager of Housing Six Nations Housing Full Time $95,00 to January 18, 2023

(Formerly the Director of Housing) $110,000

Maintenance Staff Six Nations Housing Full Time TBD January 18, 2023

Jordan’s Principle Navigator Child and Youth, Health Services Full Time TBD January 25, 2023

Administrative Assistant Land Based Healing Center, Health Services Full Time TBD January 25, 2023

Activity Assistant Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Full Time $21.00/ Hour January 25, 2023

Secretary/Receptionist Home and Community Care Health Services Full Time TBD January 25, 2023

Supervisor – Primary Primary Prevention, Social Services Full Time $57,200 January 25, 2023 Prevention Services

Service Technician Computer Services, Central Administration Full Time $50,000 January 25, 2023

Indigenous Victim Services Justice, Central Administration Full Time TBD January 25, 2023 Court Advocate

Registered Practical Nurse Family Health Team, Health Services Part Time $35.56 to January 25, 2023 $38.34/ Hour

Academic Lead Education, Central Administration Contract $65,000 to February 1, 2023 $75,000

Personal Support Worker Personal Support Services, Health Services Full Time $21.00/ Hour February 1, 2023

Speech Language Pathologist Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time TBD February 1, 2023

Caretaker Maintenance Mechanic Parks and Recreation Full Time TBD February 1, 2023

Construction Manager Housing Full Time $65,000 to February 1, 2023 $85,000

Driver Home and Community Care, Health Services Part Time TBD February 1, 2023

Maintenance Worker Administration, Social Services Part Time $19.00/ Hour February 1, 2023

Registered Early Childhood Educator Child Care Services, Social Services Full Time TBD Until Filled Payroll/Benefits Officer Ogwadeni:deo Full Time TBD February 1, 2023


Registered Early Childhood Educator Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ $40,297.50 to January 18, 2023 (RECE) Program Facilitator Permanent $56,821.50

Admissions and Financial Aid Officer Six Nations Polytechnic Full Time/ Contract TBD January 23, 2023

Residential Services Worker Haldimand-Norfolk REACH Temporary/ Casual TBD January 24, 2023

Residential Services Worker – Haldimand-Norfolk

Overnights Temporary


Payroll Clerk

Grand Erie District School Board Full Time/ $28.05/ Hour January 25, 2023 Temporary

Lands, Membership and Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ $36,662.50 to January 26, 2023 Research Clerk Permanent $51,350.50

Maawdoo Maajaamin Child Care Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ $40,297.50 to January 26, 2023 Contract $56,821.50

MCFN Lands Claims Coordinator Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ $40,297.50 to January 26, 2023 Permanent $56,821.50

Registered Early Childhood Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ $40,297.50 to January 26, 2023 Educator (RECE) Program Facilitator Permanent $56,821.50

Registered Dietitian de dwa da dehs nye>s - Full Time TBD February 10, 2023 Aboriginal Health Centre

Sales & Marketing Coordinator Armstrong Milling Co. Full Time $47,000 February 10, 2023

AZ Truck Driver Armstrong Milling Co. Full Time TBD February 10, 2023

Teacher Assistant for Elementary Kawenní:io/Gawęní:yo Full time TBD Until Filled Classroom Positions

Secondary Teacher Kawenní:io/Gawęní:yo Full Time TBD Until Filled

Reflexologist de dwa da dehs nye>s - Part Time/ TBD Until Filled Aboriginal Health Centre Contract

Community and Public Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ TBD Until Filled Relations Officer Development Corporation Permanent Custodian Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Casual $15.50/ Hour Until Filled Bingo Sales Representative Six Nations of the Grand River Part Time $18.00 to Until Filled (Customer Service Role) Development Corporation $20.00/ Hour

Lab Technician and Developer Six Nations Polytechnic Part Time TBD Until Filled Kanien’kehá:ka Teacher Assistant for Kawenni:io/Gawęni:yo Full Time TBD Until Filled Elementary Classroom Positions

Cook Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Casual $16.90/ Hour Until Filled IT Technician Ohsweken Speedway Full Time/ $45,000 to Until Filled Permanent $75,000

Kitchen Help Sade:konih TOJ TBD Until Filled Housing Outreach Worker Brantford Native Housing Full Time TBD Until Filled Tire Technician Hills Tire Full Time TBD Until Filled Operations Manager Kayanase Full Time TBD Until Filled Forestry Labourer Kayanase Summer Student TBD Until Filled Ground Maintenance Worker Kayanase Summer Student TBD Until Filled Gas Bar Attendant Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Part Time TBD Until Filled Building Attendant Staff Six Nations of the Grand River Part Time/ $18.00 to Until Filled Development Corporation Permanent $20.00/Hour Supply Cook Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Contract/Casual $16.90/Hour Until Filled

The GREAT Job Board is brought to you by Employment Ontario and Service Canada. Only local positions are posted in the paper. For more positions in the surrounding area, visit our job board at! To apply for funding, book your intake appointment with an ETC by calling 519-445-2222 (Toll-Free long distance at 1-888 218-8230 or email us at

Phone: 519.445.2222 Fax: 519.445.4777 Toll Free: 1.888.218.8230

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 17 Job descriptions are available at GREAT Weekdays...Monday through Friday from 8:30-4:30pm 16 Sunrise Court, Ohsweken
Full Time/ TBD January 24, 2023
Prevention and Service Haldimand-Norfolk
Time/ Permanent TBD January 25, 2023
Coordination Worker (APSW)
Position Employer/Location Term Salary Closing Date Position Employer/Location Term Salary Closing Date

JOHNS: Jeanette

September 18, 1934 – January 15, 2023

It’s with heavy hearts that we announce the passing of our dear beloved Mother, Jeanette (Jean) Johns, after a short stay at West Haldimand General on January 15, 2023 at the age of 88.

Jean is predeceased by her husband, Allen Johns, and her parents, Calvin and Flossie Hill, also her siblings Ellwood, Merle, Tremaine, Gene, Glenford, Phyllis, Barbara, Virgil and Muriel. Survived by siblings Cam (Judy) Hill and Gale (Georgia) Hill. Jean is also survived by her children Cameron (Uta), Deborah (Earl), Wanda (George), Ronnie, Goldie (Brad), Alana (Tony), Yvonne (Scott), Ricky, Gilbert and Geoff. She was a grandmother to 21 grandchildren, 22 great grandchildren, and 4 great great grandchildren.

Our family sends a special thank you to the Iroquois Lodge and West Haldimand General Hospital for the essential care provided. In lieu of flowers, we would like to encourage those to make donations to the Iroquois Lodge. Visitation will be Tuesday, January 17 from 7:00pm – 9:00pm with funeral processions on Wednesday, January 18, 2023 at 11:00am at the Styres Funeral Home in Ohsweken. Jean will lay to rest at Stump Hall Cemetery. www.

VANEVERY: Elaine S. “Kitty” August 17, 1946 - January 11, 2023

It is with heavy hearts that we announce the passing of our mother. Peacefully passed away at Brantford General Hospital on January 11, 2023 at 76 years of age. Predeceased by her mother, father and late husband Basil. Beloved partner of Ken Martin. Loving mother of Matt (deceased), Ryan (Christine), Kate (Mike), Curt (deceased) (Marie), Lynn (Larry) (both deceased), Cindy, and Mike (Deb). Loving sister to John, and Marg (Jim). Survived by many grandchildren, great grandchildren, nephews Mike and Erik and nieces Kristen and Tracey. Dear friend to Norma Hill and Barbara.

Resting at Styres Funeral Home, 1798 4th Line, Ohsweken after 4pm. Friday where funeral service will be held on Saturday, January 14, 2023 at 11 am. Cremation to follow. In lieu of flowers, donations to Whispering Hearts Horse Rescue would be appreciated.

Coming Events

Thank you

It is with grateful and blessed hearts we send out this thank you to our wonderful families, our faithful church family and our dear friends for making our sixtieth anniversary such a memorable occasion. The fellowship was great. The calls, cards, flowers and gifts were much appreciated.

Thank you to Butch, Donna and Lydia for all that you did to make it a very special day.

Thanks to those who helped with the luncheon. A special thank you to brother Ken. Yum

The Lord hath done great things for us; whereof we are glad

Psalm 126:3

Dan & Judy Montour




Golden Spoon Dinner

Thanks to the Thomas’s “brown it’s down group “for the generous meat donation. Our next dinner will be Thursday January 26, 2023.

Time: 2pm until 5 or all gone


At the Family Youth Centre 1527 4th Line, Ohsweken Donations greatly appreciated.

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 18 TWO ROW TIMES 37 WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20TH, 2022
Obituaries Thank You
send notices to
ihsere karihsta enhsahskwahrénhstahkwe’,
Forestry Services Toka’t
POT LUCK LUNCH INFO...PHIL...905 768 5442 ATTN: send notices to

ARIES – Mar 21/Apr 20

You may be in a meditative mood this week, Aries. You may think about mundane things or even complex issues. It’s an ideal time to stay indoors and relax with your thoughts.

TAURUS – Apr 21/May 21

Obligations to friends or family could interfere with other things you had intended, such as spending time with your partner. As more people call upon you, step back and consider.

GEMINI – May 22/Jun 21

You have a strong desire to clean and organize your home this week, Gemini. Spring cleaning certainly comes early. Conquer that clutter.

CANCER – Jun 22/Jul 22

All of that extra work on the job will pay off in the days to come, Cancer. Expect an email or personal meeting from a supervisor to discuss.

LEO – Jul 23/Aug 23

Practical matters, such as the household budget, may need your attention this week, Leo. A big purchase is on the horizon, so get your finances sorted out.

VIRGO – Aug 24/Sept 22

Giving back to the community can boost your morale, Virgo. Think about offering to shop for an elderly neighbor or volunteer at a food pantry a few days a week.

LIBRA – Sept 23/Oct 23

Careful penny pinching may now result in a nice nest egg you can use any way you desire, Libra. Enjoy the fruits of your labor when you can loosen the pursestrings.

SCORPIO – Oct 24/Nov 22

Scorpio, a sense of duty to loved ones may have you taking on tasks that you otherwise may never consider. Your willingness to pitch in won’t go unnoticed.

SAGITTARIUS – Nov 23/Dec 21

Don’t be surprised if the people you help this week are willing to go to bat for you in the future. Consider any assistance you provide an investment in friendship.

CAPRICORN – Dec 22/Jan 20

Some people know exactly which buttons to push to get a rise out of you, Capricorn. Try to be the bigger person and turn the other cheek.

AQUARIUS – Jan 21/Feb 18

A momentary loss of confidence may catch you off-guard, Aquarius. Brush these feelings aside and take on any task or challenge that comes your way.

PISCES – Feb 19/Mar 20

Nostalgia could hit you hard this week Pisces. Enjoy an unexpected trip down Memory Lane. Contact others who might enjoy it as well.

TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 19 TWO ROW TIMES DECEMBER 19TH, 2018 27 SUDOKU Answers for January 18th, 2023 Crossword Puzzle Container Sales and Modi cations Service Since 2007
Owner 90 Morton Ave. East, Unit 1-B • Brantford, ON N3R 7J7 Cell: 519.754.6844 • Tel: 519.751.1651 • Fax: 519.751.3328 • Email:
Paul LeBlanc
CLUES ACROSS 1. Not invited 6. Whale ship captain 10. One point south of southwest 14. Small cavity in a rock 15. Recidivists 17. City of Angels hoopster 19. A way to mark with one’s signature 20. OJ trial judge 21. Rice cooked in broth 22. One point east of due south 23. One point east of southeast 24. Complements an entree 26. Grouped by twos 29. Disfigure 31. Woods 32. Political action committee 34. Longer of 2 bones in the forearm 35. Kin groups 37. Philippine Island 38. Contrary to 39. Bluish-gray fur 40. Comprehend the written word 41. Natural depressions 43. Felines 45. Breathe noisily 46. Taxi 47. Pancake made from buckwheat flour 49. Swiss river 50. Foot (Latin) 53. Have surgery 57. Formal withdrawal 58. Monetary units of Peru 59. Greek war god 60. 2,000 lbs. 61. High points CLUES DOWN 1. Green and yellow citrus fruit 2. A bright color 3. Thicket 4. Journalist Tarbell 5. A place to work or relax 6. Sharp mountain ridge 7. Helicopter 8. Mimic 9. Suggests 10. More musty 11. Large, flightless rail 12. Make beer 13. Soviet Socialist Republic 16. People who can account for you 18. Taunt 22. South Dakota 23. Cover the entirety of 24. Kids’ favorite visitor 25. A way to save for retirement 27. Fencing swords 28. C. China mountain range 29. Type of sandwich 30. Team 31. Paddle 33. Partly digested food 35. Most cagey 36. Shoppers make one 37. Cathode-ray tube 39. Food supplies 42. Backbones 43. Concern 44. Blood group 46. Broadway songwriter Sammy 47. Dutch colonist 48. Full-grown pike fish 49. Deity of a monotheistic cult 50. Type of bread 51. S. Nigerian people 52. Scottish tax 53. Young women’s association 54. Brazilian city 55. Hide of a young animal 56. Midway between north and northeast
TWO ROW TIMES January 18th, 2023 20 Create Resume Write Cover letter Research employers How to apply for jobs REGISTER TODAY! January 18 February 15 March 15 Meal & Gift Card for all registered Participants Find Job Opportunities If you have any questions please contact Layne or Marcia 519-445-2222 Job SearchSupport Night Resume & Cover Letter Workshops Steps to finding a job CALL GREAT for Assistance 4:00PM to 7:00PM UPCOMING DATES