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Federal government reaches nearly $8B deal with First Nations on drinking water suit CANADIAN PRESS


OTTAWA — The federal government has reached a nearly $8-billion settlement with First Nations who launched a class-action lawsuit over the lack of clean, safe drinking water in their communities. Indigenous Services Minister Marc Miller, alongside chiefs of the First Nations behind the lawsuit, announced Friday that they have reached an agreement in principle to resolve the suit outside of court. Miller said the agreement includes $1.5 billion in compensation for people deprived of clean drinking water, the creation of a $400 million First Nation economic and cultural restoration fund and at least $6 billion to support reliable access to safe drinking water on reserves. The agreement also includes a renewed commitment to Canada's action plan for lifting all long-term drinking water advisories, support for TELEVISION – HOME AUDIO – CAR AUDIO – MARINE AUDIO – all on sale

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First Nations to develop their own safe drinking water bylaws and initiatives and planned modernization of First Nations drinking water legislation, he said. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau promised in 2015 to lift all drinking water advisories by this March, but Miller acknowledged last December that the government would not meet that goal. Miller said Friday that 108 long-term drinking water advisories have been lifted since November 2015. Some 51 longterm advisories are still in effect in 32 communities, according to Indigenous Services Canada. ``I could sit here and try and give you all the excuses in the world but there is no credible excuse for countries such as Canada to take this long,'' Miller told a news conference. ``That said, our government has made those investments and has worked outside the court process. We were willing to sit down and hammer something out and this is the product of that. We don't want to be in court

because we're on the same page.'' Miller did not provide a new deadline for when all long-term water advisories would be lifted, saying he wished to respect the self-determination of Indigenous communities and the role they play in the process. ``This is not as simple as Ottawa imposing a deadline on itself and saying, 'We're going to do it.' There's a partnership here and we need to reflect it,'' he said. The lawsuit was launched by the Tataskweyak Cree Nation in Manitoba and the Curve Lake First Nation and Neskantaga First Nation in Ontario. It alleged that Canada has breached its obligations to First Nations and their members by failing to ensure that reserve communities have clean water, according to the plaintiffs' law firms, Olthuis, Kleer, Townshend LLP and McCarthy Tetrault LLP. The class included all members of First Nations whose communities were subject to a drinking wa-

ter advisory for a year or longer from November 8, 1995 to the present. The agreement in principle must still be approved by the court. The chiefs of the three First Nations spoke Friday about the effects of decades-long boil-water advisories in their communities, becoming emotional as they described seeing children with rashes and having to buy bottled water to bathe babies. Emily Whetung, chief of the Curve Lake First Nation, said Indigenous children need to grow up on the only land base they have been left with and they deserve to grow up with clean water. ``I'm overwhelmed to stand here today,'' she said. ``We have made a difference. We have reached an agreement that contains commitments to deliver the quality and quantity of water that most Canadians take for granted.'' Clayton Leonard, a lawyer who has been working on drinking water issues for years on behalf of a number of Alberta First Nations, said he expects

Ontario's Premier Conference for First Nations Technical Services Professionals!

the agreement will apply to all First Nations, not just the ones in the class action. NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh visited the Neskantaga First Nation earlier this week to press the federal government on why it had failed to ensure the community and others had safe water to drink. He said Friday that for far too long, Indigenous people have had to fight in court for basic human rights _ including access to clean drinking water. ``This is wrong. It should never have come to this,'' Singh said in a statement. Trudeau's broken promise to lift all longterm advisories by March has meant Indigenous people are paying the price with their health, he said. ``We hope that a binding agreement will be reached soon between all parties, without political interference, out of respect for basic human dignity and for all the work that Indigenous leaders have done to get clean water into their communities.''

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August 4th, 2021

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Delta variant brings new concerns in fight against Covid STAFF REPORT


SIX NATIONS — The Delta variant of Covid-19 is making news as the dominant strain of the virus circulating around the world right now. Eight per cent of current world infections are from the Delta variant. While it’s not known how many cases of the particular Delta variant have been detected on Six Nations, there have been 60 total variants of concern (VOCs) detected among the 529 positive Covid-19 cases on the territory since record keeping began in March 2020. The Delta variant was first detected in India and has become the dominant strain in Ontario this summer, according to Six Nations Public Health. It is 50 per cent more transmissible than the Alpha variant and results in a two-fold higher risk of hospitalization than the Alpha variant,

according to SN Public Health. There are currently four Covid variants of concern (VOCs) that world public health officials are tracking: Alpha, Beta, Delta and Gamma. According to the United States Centers for Disease Control (CDC), numerous Covid variants and mutations have been circulating around the world since the virus first became a public health concern in late 2019. The CDC monitors variants for characteristics such as increased infectiousness and increased risk of hospitalization, among others. The Delta variant is more transmissible and results in more severe illness than earlier versions of the Covid virus, according to a report from the CDC released last Friday. What that means for Six Nations is unknown. Six Nations of the Grand River did not return requests for comment by press time. The CDC said the Delta variant is more contagious than the common flu or

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Chiefswood Road. Even if a Naloxone kit is administered, the person might not wake up or regain consciousness and people are encouraged to call 911 and continue to administer more Naloxone if the person overdosing takes less than 10 breaths per minute. Benzodiazepines cause a dependence in the body that can cause seizures from sudden withdrawal. Some well-known benzodiazepines include Lorazepam, Clonazepam, Diazepam (Valium), and Oxazepam. The drug is found in various colours and textures, public health noted, so it cannot be identified by smell or sight alone. Naloxone kits are also available at the Six Nations Crisis Hub at 1546 Chiefswood Road.

cold and that it doubles the risk of hospitalization. It also creates higher amounts of virus particles in the body than the previous, dominant Alpha strain. Six Nations currently has zero active Covid cases and has recorded zero new infections in the past week. Ten people are in self-isolation and there have been 11 deaths in the community since the pandemic began Six Nations Public Health is encouraging increased vaccination rates in the GRAND ERIE DISTRICT SCHOOL BOARD community to prevent anInvites applications for the following positions: other wave of infections in GRAND ERIE DISTRICT SCHOOL BOARD the community. To date, 40 Invites applications for the following positions: per cent of the on-reserve Computer Analyst population has received the Temporary Cultural Mentor first dose of a Covid vacComputer Analyst Temporary Attendance Counsellor cine, and 35 per cent of the Temporary Cultural Mentor Casual Caretakers population is fully vaccinatTemporary Attendance Counsellor Casual Educational Assistants ed with a second dose. Casual Caretakers A World Health OrganiThe Grand Erie District School Erie District School Board’s 2,800 employees The Grand provide quality Casual Educational Board’s provide quality education to approximately 26,000 full-time equivalent Assistants zation chief scientist says2,800 employees education to approximately 26,000 full-time equivalent students who attend students who attend our 72 schools. The Board spans a geographic area encompassing the City of the current batch of ap- and theThe Erie District School Brantford Counties of Brant, Haldimand Norfolk. The Boardarea is seeking a Computer ourGrand 72 schools. The Board and spans a geographic encompassing the City Board’s 2,800 employees provide quality education to approximately 26,000 full-time equivalent proved Covid vaccines are Analyst, Temporary Mentor, Temporary Attendance Counsellor, casual Caretakers and ofCultural Brantford and the Counties ofThe Brant, Haldimand and Norfolk. The Board students who attend our 72 schools. Board spans a geographic area encompassing the City of casual Educational Assistants. Please refer to our website at (Job Opportunities) effective in reducing severe and athe Counties of Brant, Haldimand Norfolk.Mentor, The Board is seeking a Computer is seeking Computer Analyst, Temporaryand Cultural Temporary for further details.Brantford Analyst, Temporary Cultural Mentor, Temporary Attendance Counsellor, casual Caretakers and illness and hospitalization Attendance Counsellor, casual casual Educational casual Educational Assistants. PleaseCaretakers refer to our and website at (Job Opportunities) risks from the Delta variant. Please refer to our website at (Job forAssistants. further details.

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SIX NATIONS — Public Health officials are sounding the alarm after samples of a new drug combination has been found circulating in the community. The drug contains a mixture of Fentanyl, caffeine and benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepines, sometimes called benzos, are legally prescribed as anti-anxiety or anti-seizure medications but when combined with Fentanyl, are being marketed on the street as “down” heroin. Six Nations Health Services issued the alert last week around the same time Brantford Police also issued the alert about the substance. Since Fentanyl already

depresses the nervous system, adding another nervous system depressant like a benzodiazepine can increase the risk of overdose. Overdose symptoms include prolonged sedation, sleepiness, muscle relaxation, slowed breathing, slurred speech, loss of consciousness, and blackouts/ memory loss. Naloxone, a drug used to reverse the effects of opioid overdoses from drugs like Fentanyl and Heroin, will not be effective in reversing the effects of a benzodiazepine overdose, the public health alert notes. It will work on the Fentanyl overdose symptoms, however, and public health has free Naloxone kits available for pick-up at Six Nations Mental Health and Addictions at 1769



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August 4th, 2021

Tom Daley wins a gold medal and knits for charity in the same day.


Tom Daley, U.K. gold medallist and world-class knitter

The diver that won his first Olympic gold medal last week has been knitting for charity from the stands JACE KOBLUN


In a world that teaches prejudice, stereotypes and homophobia—be a Tom Daley. Daley is a British diver and recent Olympic gold medalist at the 2020 event who is still making waves by knitting his way to our hearts. After winning a gold medal in the 2020 men’s synchronized 10-metre platform event, Daley was seen knitting in the crowd during the women’s final three-metre trampoline event, and again at several others. Turns out he has been auctioning off most of the items he has made during the Olympics and donating the proceeds to several charitable causes. “Perhaps the most wonderful thing about it all is that he does it all for charity. The 27-year-old gives away his homemade creations in an effort to raise money for a number of causes; earlier this month, he successfully raffled off a chunky rainbow sweater and raised £5,787 [CAD $8,617] for the Brain Tumour Charity. He chose that organization as his father died in 2011 from a brain tumour at age 40,” said a post on social media praising his efforts. Sharen Crochet Art, a knitting page on Facebook, shared pictures of Daley knitting and said

he has also donated some of the proceeds from his knitting auctions to foster homes supporting LGBTQ+ children. Daley is a well-known high-profile LGBTQ+ icon in the U.K. known not only for his diving skills but also as a TV personality. “Daley continues to cement his status not only as a national treasure and role model for young people, but a high-profile LGBTQIA+ icon whose openness, alongside his obvious dedication to his sport, is absolutely infectious,” reads another post on social media. He has an Instagram account titled: Made With Love He has an Instagram account titled: Made With Love by Tom Daley. Daley stated online that he picked up knitting as a quarantine hobby while he was in lockdown in London with his husband, screenwriter Dustin Lance Black, his son and his mother. Not able to prac-


tice his dives for Tokyo due to COVID-19 closures, he took up knitting. Daley also knitted together a pouch for his new gold medal from the Tokyo Games. “It’s the one thing that has kept me sane throughout this whole process," he said in an Instagram video. “I love it, I could literally do it all day.” Daley made his first appearance at the Olympic Games in 2008 in Beijing, where he placed seventh in the 10-meter platform dive. He won an individual bronze medal at the London Games in 2012, and another bronze in synchronized 10-meter platform diving in Rio in 2016. In recent years he has become one of Britain’s best-known athletes. He keeps the momentum from his popularity going into his social media accounts, and now runs a YouTube channel with more than 1 million followers.

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August 4th, 2021

Singh meets with Indigenous leaders at residential school where unmarked graves found CANADIAN PRESS


KAMLOOPS — NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh is reiterating demands for more concrete action after meeting with Indigenous leaders at the site of a former residential school in Kamloops, B.C., that bears unmarked graves. In front of the institution's brick entrance, Singh told reporters that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau must make good on his sixyear-old pledge to fulfil all 94 calls to action from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. He also asked Ottawa to drop its legal battles against a pair of rulings involving First Nations children, and demanded further progress in areas from clean drinking water on reserves to housing and climate action.


Jagmeet Singh.


Singh choked up as he described walking near a burial site detected by ground-penetrating radar and holding what are believed to be the remains of 215 children. ``This is where it happened ... 215 little kids,'' he said. ``I'm struck by how hard it is to be here, a lot harder than I thought it

would be.'' Singh is the first federal leader to meet with Tk'emlups te Secwepemc Chief Rosanne Casimir following the announcement of the graves in May. The federal government said last month it will substantially increase funding beyond the $27.1 million pledged in the 2019 budget for searches for unmarked graves. The funding announcement followed recent discoveries of more than 1,000 unmarked graves at residential school sites that continue to traumatize Canada's Indigenous Peoples. Trudeau has acknowledged that governments continue to remove Indigenous children from their communities and place them in far-flung foster homes for the purported reason of protecting their well-being as a legacy of earlier attempts at cultural genocide.

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August 4th, 2021


Ontario place redevelopment will include new all-season adventure park New partnerships with Mississaugas of the Credit and others will help make year-round destination a reality JACE KOBLUN


The Ontario government announced its plan to revitalize Ontario Place into a world-class destination. As the redevelopment moves forward, public input will be critical to support the planning and development of the site, including input from Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation. Mark Saunders, special advisor for Ontario Place, will continue to engage with the City of Toronto, Indigenous communities, project stakeholders, businesses and community groups that have interest in the Ontario Place site. Therme Group, Live Nation, and Écorécréo Group will help deliver an inclusive and family-friendly experience that will play a key role in the province’s post-pandemic recovery as a tourism destination and as a display of Ontario’s strong cultural identity. "The Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation are pleased to be working with Ontario in the spirit of partnership to bring Ontario Place back to its rightful place as a cherished and celebrated part of our Toronto waterfront,” said Chief

R. Stacey Laforme of the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation. “We have been very encouraged by the willingness of both Ontario and development partners to see this project as more than just a tourist destination, but as a celebration of this place and its history and cultural significance. “The Mississaugas of the Credit see the redevelopment of Ontario Place as another significant and visible opportunity to provide education and promote reconciliation. And as the Treaty First Nation, we take seriously our responsibilities to ensure that all Indigenous voices are heard, respected and reflected in what will surely become an iconic development not only for Ontario but for Canada and the world.” The province searched for the best partners from around the world to work with on the redevelopment of Ontario Place. Potential development partners on this unique opportunity were assessed against four primary areas of consideration: alignment with the government’s vision of a world-class, year-round destination; concept viability; delivery certainty; and costs and benefits to the province, as well as


A rough outline of the land each of the three companies will be leasing from the province to build new amenities. Trillium Park, on the east end of the site, will stay open to the public during the GOVERNMENT OF ONTARIO redevelopment.

public feedback and input provided through consultations conducted by previous governments. “As we mark the 50th anniversary of Ontario Place this year, there is no better time to bring this iconic destination back to life,” said Premier Doug Ford. “By taking this first step with our world-class development partners, as well as the City of Toronto and Indigenous communities, we will deliver a renewed Ontario Place that provides year-round entertainment for all ages and interests. As we continue to engage and consult with the commu-

nity, Ontario Place will realize its full potential as a long-term economic generator for the people of Ontario.” The transformation of Ontario Place will include three new major attractions: Therme Group is building Therme Canada | Ontario Place, a family-friendly, all-season destination offering something for all ages, including pools, waterslides, botanical spaces to relax, as well as sports performance and recovery services. Outside, people will enjoy more than eight acres of free, publicly accessible gath-



LIVE CHAT (MESSAGING) Link on under Crisis Support Live Chat

ering spaces, parkland, gardens and beaches. Live Nation is redeveloping the existing amphitheatre into a modern, year-round indoor-outdoor live music and performance venue that will attract world-class artists and events. Protecting the iconic amphitheatre lawns, the new venue will have an expanded capacity of 20,000 in the summer and close to 9,000 in the winter, offering a unique indoor-outdoor experience with operable exterior walls to accommodate events, rain or shine. Écorécréo Group is building an affordable, all-season adventure park for all ages. This new, environmentally friendly attraction will include aerial obstacle courses, netbased aerial adventures, ziplines, climbing walls, escape rooms and many other activities. Écorécréo Group will also operate Segway, quad-cycle, canoe and kayak rentals at the site. Starting in August, the government will launch the next phase of engagement through OntarioPlace, providing an opportunity for all Ontarians to share how they would like to experience a redeveloped Ontario Place. Virtual public information sessions will

also be held in the fall with planning and development consultations related to the site-wide environmental assessment, heritage, and site servicing to follow later in the year. A redeveloped Ontario Place will not include casinos or condos and the land will not be sold. Ontario Place will remain open to the public 365 days a year, with free public access and a waterfront experience that can be enjoyed by all. “We are committed to working with the City of Toronto, Indigenous communities and organizations, and other key partners to make this vision a reality and to guide collaboration and future development of the Ontario Place and Exhibition Place sites,” said Lisa MacLeod, Minister of Heritage, Sport, Tourism and Culture Industries. “Our government is committed to engaging and keeping the public and stakeholders informed. As we move forward, public input will be critical to support the planning and development of the site. More information about upcoming consultations related to redevelopment planning will be provided later this summer.”

LOS ANGELES — Saginaw Grant, a prolific Native American character actor and hereditary chief of the Sac & Fox Nation of Oklahoma, has died. He was 85. Grant died peacefully in his sleep of natural causes on Wednesday at a private care facility in Hollywood, California, said Lani Carmichael, Grant's publicist and longtime friend. ``He loved both Oklahoma and L.A.,'' Carmichael said. ``He made his home here as an actor, but he never forgot his roots in Oklahoma. He remained a fan of the Sooner Nation.'' Born July 20, 1936, in Pawnee, Oklahoma, Grant

was a U.S. Marine Corps veteran. He began acting in the late 1980s and played character roles in dozens of movies and television shows over the last three decades, including ``The Lone Ranger,'' ``The World's Fastest Indian'' and ``Breaking Bad,'' according to Grant's IMDB filmography. ``His motto in life was always respect one another and don't talk about one another in a negative way,'' she said. A memorial for Grant will be held in the Los Angeles area, but details haven't been finalized, Carmichael said.

Saginaw Grant, noted Native American character actor, dies

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The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers a 24/7 Crisis Line. A person seeking crisis support will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker.



The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Texting crisis response. Texting is available Monday to Friday from 8:30am - 4:00pm. A person seeking crisis support through text will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker and receive messages through text.

IF YOU HAVE A FEVER, COUGH AND DIFFICULTY BREATHING, The SixSEEK Nations MobileCARE CrisisEARLY Services is a MEDICAL confidential service offering crisis Stay home if you feel unwell. If support to Six Nations of the Grand River. youfeatures have a fever, coughaand The new run through program difficulty breathing, seek medical which offers safe and encrypted attention and callconversations in advance. technology to keep confidential and secure.


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The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Live Chat crisis response. Live Chat or Instant Messaging is done on your computer over the internet. Live Chat (Messaging) is available Monday to Friday 8:30am - 4:00pm

Source: World Health Organization




August 4th, 2021

Follow the story on social media!

The back and forth rhetoric of dirty words on the Rez is a historical truth that has been in play since the deposition of the hereditary chiefs in the 1920’s. And as it turns out, repeated rhetoric has been borrowed by various camps throughout the years to frighten the people and push a narrative. The nastiest dirty word thrown about? Tax. Allegations from supporters of the hereditary system of leadership to this day use the allegation of ‘tax’ being the dark and sinister master plan of an evil overlord somewhere on the Rez are still muttered to this day. Interestingly, this same allegation was being launched at hereditary chiefs and their supporters by the Elected Chief and Council of 1970. The following is a transcript of an open letter, penned by Elected Chief Richard Isaac in June 1970 to the people of Six Nations. You might notice it has some familiar tones to it — what we now recognize as recycled rhetoric and allegations that seem to have been dusted off and repurposed — making their way into current politics fifty years into the future. “To all members of the Six Nations Indian Reserve: The present Elective Council came into being in 1924 as a result of a vote by referendum of the people of the Six Nations. This came about as a result of dissatisfaction with the old system of being governed by the Hereditary Chiefs. The people wanted to be governed by elected representatives. As far back as 1910 there was a strong agitation to supplant the Hereditary Council with a council chosen by the people. This agitation continued to grow until the Government had to take notice and by

a secret ballot, the people themselves decided on the elective system of government. It is being said that the Elective Council represents only 547 people, that being the number who voted for Chief Councillor in the last election. However, in the last election there was an election for Councillors in 2 out of the 6 districts. There was acclamations in 4 districts. Under those circumstances a small turn out was expected. The last election held when there was no acclamations was in 1961, at which time some 41% of the eligible voters cast ballots. A 41% turn out of voters in any election, even outside the Reserve, is a fairly good turn out. To say that the Elective council is a puppet of the Federal Government is anything but the truth. The Government did not force the Elective Council upon the people of the Six Nations. The people the Six Nations demanded and forced the Government to establish the Elective System on the Six Nations Reserve. To turn back the hand of time, and re-establish a system of government with full sovereignty over what is left of the six Nations lands, would not only be impractical but disastrous for the Six Nations people. Who will pay the Old Age Pensions, the Family Allowances, the Mother’s Allowances, the Disability Allowances, Dependent Fathers’ Allowances, Welfare payments where needed and the Education costs for both on and off Reserve students, the upkeep of roads, and many other grants and services now being enjoyed by the people of the Six Nations? The time is long past when the people of the six Nations could reassert sovereignty and survive. We must face up to present day

condition, however hard that may be and realize that we cannot now turn back without bringing untold hardships and suffering to the people of Six Nations. The people of Six Nations will now have to decide the path they wish to take. Do they wish to continue under the present elective system and enjoy the Old Age Pensions, the Family Allowances, Welfare payments, the Mother’s Allowances, the Disability Allowances, Dependent Fathers’ Allowances, Welfare payments when needed, and the Education costs for both on and off Reserve students, Housing Loans, and all the other services now being provided or do they with to go back to the Old Ways and be denied all these services? There does not seem to be any middle road, and it is now for those who have been sitting on the fence to show what path they wish to take. The hereditary Chiefs through their supporters, the warriors, have been asking the people to sign a petition, whether they are in favour of the Indian Act and the White Paper policy of the Government. They are misleading the people in that they are using this as a vote for approval or disapproval of the elective system. The elective council is against the White Paper policy and expressed its opinion in no uncertain terms at the time and sent a copy of its disapproval to all the members of parliament. Many of those who signed the warriors petition did not understand how this petition was to be misused. Some people have been threatened to sign the petition or be run off their own property on the Reserve. Many are wondering how they may now get their names off this petition. What would the position

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@tworowtimes be if the hereditary system was re-established with full sovereignty over the lands and people of the Six Nations? It would mean that we would be a separate people and we would have to raise our own money to run the Reserve. Where would the money come from? The warriors claim that it could be done if the Government paid what they owe us. The Government has a lot to account for, but to get a settlement will take time. When claims have been outstanding for a long time and while the hereditary chiefs were the ruling body, they did nothing to get these claims settled. All the surrenders were made by them, and if they could do nothing then, how do they expect this settlement to be made immediately so they could carry on. It will take years yet to get these claims settled. What would they do in the meantime? There is only one thing they could do to pay Welfare Allowances, Mothers’ Allowances, Dependent Fathers’ Allowances, Disability Allowances, the Old Age Pensions, Family Allowances, Ontario Hospitalization, Teachers Salaries and other educational costs and that is raise the money by taxing the people on the Reserve. So, this is the question facing the people on the Six Nations now. Are the people in favour of the elective system of government with all these services provided for them, or are they in favour of going back to the old system under which all the people would have no say in the government, and have to pay for all these services by taxation? The Elected Council of the Six Nations of the Grand River Reserve — Dated June 30, 1970. Signed, Richard Isaac, Chief.”

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August 4th, 2021


How donors from Canada and Europe helped fund Residential Schools By Tiffany Dionne Prete, SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow. Werklund School of Education, University of Calgary Indigenous communities have detected hundreds of graves near former Indian Residential Schools (IRS). Children attended the government-sanctioned schools during the stolen children era. The news was shocking to many non-Indigenous Canadians, while many Indigenous Peoples either witnessed the graveyards being created, or grew up hearing about the graveyards from survivors. The missing children and the graveyards were also disclosed in the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's (TRC) final reports. Experts expect that many more graves will be found. Many are now noting how the effects of residential schools meet the definition of genocide outlined in the United Nations Genocide Convention. This criteria includes forcibly removing children from their families, cultures and languages and inflicting harm and death. Among other abuses suffered by children _ from physical and sexual abuse to being subject to harmful biomedical experimentation and malnourishment _ the well-documented effects of underfunded and overcrowded schools made children vulnerable to tuberculosis.

A survey by Leger and the Association for Canadian Studies conducted June 4 to 6 found 66 per cent of respondents in a survey of 1,539 adult Canadians say the church is responsible ``for the tragedies that took place at residential schools'' in Canada, while 34 per cent say the federal government should be blamed. Some people also believe both are culpable. What if I told you there is another entity that no one is talking about that also played a major role in the operations of these schools? My research has documented how appeals to Canadians and English citizens helped fund residential schools in the Anglican Diocese of Calgary.

Treaty 7 IRS I am a member of the Kainai Nation (Blood Tribe) of the Blackfoot Confederacy, encompassing the Treaty 7 area. My research consists of learning my People's history with the IRS. Partly I have accomplished this to date through visiting nine museums and archives across Canada to learn my people's history through historical documents. These documents reveal some details of how three different Christian denominations (Anglican, Roman Catholic and Methodist) were involved with running colonial schools, including an Indian

Residential School on the Blood Reserve. The Canadian government first instigated education for Indigenous children under the Indian Act (1876). The schools were operated by several different denominations and were government-sponsored, meaning the government provided funds. However, the history of how different Indian Residential Schools were funded is complex. In addition to receiving federal funding, some were funded by provincial governments or by various religious bodies _ including through soliciting donations. Some of my research has examined Anglican Diocese of Calgary archival records pertaining to Anglican-run residential schools in Treaty 7 territory. I examined the 18921908 annual reports related to St. Paul's Mission, Kainai Reserve; St. Peter's Mission, Piikani Reserve; St. John's Mission, Siksika Reserve, and St. Barnabas Mission, Tsuu T'ina Reserve. In early years, these mission schools received government sponsorship through rations of beef and flour or biscuits and milk for the pupils. Later, the government would provide a small government grant to help with the building of the school's infrastructure. After this, the government provided a maintenance grant for children enrolled in the schools.

Despite the government's financial help, it was still not enough to cover costs needed to operate a school. This left the denomination to make up the monetary difference. Mission reports solicited funds My research has shown that to remedy this problem, the diocese decided to appeal to peoples' caring natures in a very systematic way. Each year the Diocese of Calgary would publish a report on their evangelizing efforts for each mission within their diocese. The missions included the residential schools. The preface mentions that the report was meant for all who may be interested in supporting the missionary work among Indigenous Peoples. Thus, potentially anyone, regardless of their religious background, could donate to the Diocese of Calgary. The report encompassed the following sections: a short statement made by the bishop of the diocese, a missionary report for each mission, a financial statement, a list of subscribers and donors, pictures of the missions and a subscription card for donations. Such a report caught not only the interest of national citizens but international citizens as well. The diocese listed the names of their donors, including the place where they were located. The majority of the donors came from

Canada and England. The reports do not detail the religious background of the individual donors, however the Methodist Church was listed as donating funds one year. The TRC's Canada's Residential Schools: The History, Part 1 also shares that the Oblates, the Roman Catholic order that ``established and managed the majority of church-run Canadian residential schools in Canada'' had two ``French missionary fundraising bodies that funded their work.'' First is the l'Oeuvre de la Propagation de la Foi (Society for the Propagation of the Faith). Second is the l'Oeuvre de la Sainte-Enfance (Society of the Holy Childhood). As the TRC noted: ``The Protestants, like the Catholics, encouraged church members to make regular contributions to overseas missionary work ? The financial support the missionaries received from outside Canada was considerable.'' Contributions from many The reports I examined, and other research, clearly indicate more people were involved in maintaining schools than just the leaders of the designated churches and the Canadian government. Instead, the daily operations were made possible through the financial contributions of citizens across Canada and the globe. These

citizens were not required to make donations, but nonetheless did. Through my research travels, I meet fellow Canadian citizens of European descent who feel so entitled to tell me their version of my people's history. Largely their message has been to point their finger and condemn an opposing religion or Christian church that is different from their own. My research suggests that just as donations from beyond immediate church leadership made these institutions possible, so must widespread public accountability play a part in responding to the urgent problem of the unmarked graves and the TRC Calls to Action. No longer can we say as Canadians that we had nothing to do with the residential schools. Nor can we deflect the responsibility of the negative outcomes that the schools have had upon generations of Indigenous Peoples. Instead, residential schools are a societal problem not only in Canada, but around the world. We must take action to rectify the wrongs that have happened for over a century and a half. In order to reconcile, we must first acknowledge the truth of what has happened and engage in justice so that together we can heal as a society and move forward in reconciliation.

caused the misunderstanding July 7, when he denounced people who had toppled two statues on the legislature grounds in a protest over the deaths of Indigenous children at residential schools. Pallister said people who came to Canada _ before and after it was a country _ did not come to destroy but to build communities, businesses and churches. Indigenous leaders have said the premier downplayed the harmful effects of colonialism, and Pallister initially stood by his comments. He said he meant to convey that Indigenous and non-Indig-

enous people often worked together to build Canada. His Indigenous relations minister, Eileen Clarke, resigned from cabinet. Her replacement, Alan Lagimodiere, stirred up more controversy by defending some of the intentions behind residential schools. He later apologized. Two Indigenous men, saying the government was rewriting history, resigned from their government appointments to economic development boards. Some members of the Progressive Conservative caucus have also distanced themselves from Pallister's remarks, and Winnipeg

Mayor Brian Bowman last week called on the premier to say he is sorry. On Tuesday, Pallister spoke to the media for the first time in almost three weeks and took back his remarks. ``I feel awful about the reaction and the misunderstanding I created with my comments,'' he said during a news conference about COVID-19 restrictions. Pallister also said his words were misrepresented as support for colonialism or residential schools. ``I should have been clearer in my comments but my heart was in the right place.'' The Assembly of Man-

itoba Chiefs said Pallister did not offer a full retraction. ``If you have to qualify an apology, then it's not an apology,'' said Grand Chief Arlen Dumas. ``And really, there's no excuse. The premier has been involved in public office for decades. There's an expectation that you speak well and you're mindful of the words you use.'' Opposition NDP Leader Wab Kinew said the premier's apology was insincere. ``He's not really clearly saying that he did anything wrong. He's just sorry for the fact it was misunderstood.''

Pallister's Tories have dropped sharply in recent opinion polls and he is now facing signs of dissent from some of his caucus members. Conservation and Climate Minister Sarah Guillemard posted on social media last month that she could not support words that hurt people affected by trauma. Pallister has hinted he may retire from politics before the next election in 2023. When asked by a reporter Tuesday whether he plans to leave office in the coming months, he did not directly answer. ``You'll be among the first to know if that's the decision.''

Manitoba premier sorry for creating 'misunderstanding' about Canadian history Canadian Press

WINNIPEG — Manitoba Premier Brian Pallister apologized Tuesday for comments he made almost a month earlier that angered Indigenous leaders and cost him a cabinet minister. ``I wish my words in speaking to Manitobans at this difficult time had been said differently so they could have been understood better,'' Pallister said in a press release. ``My words did not adequately convey all that I meant, which I sincerely regret.'' Pallister said he takes responsibility for having



August 4th, 2021

Indigenous Sport Heroes Education Experience JACE KOBLUN


Canada's Sports Hall of Fame is preparing to launch virtual educational opportunities that share the stories and triumphs of its members, specifically its Indigenous Hall of Famers. The Indigenous Sport Heroes Education Experience (ISHEE) is a national education initiative available at no cost to all Canadians with a focus on K-12 students. It’s a multi-partner, multi-platform, web-based book, curriculum, and celebration of 14 Canadian Indigenous Hall of Famers. Join them on August 9, International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples, for its free virtual premier. Come September, ISHEE will be made available to every teacher and student, kindergarten to Grade 12 for free. The book is aimed at the Grade 6 reading level, but learning activities are tuned to older and younger sides of the academic spectrum. The ISHEE will provide educators with the opportunity

Impaired Driving Charges SIX NATIONS — On July 31, 2021, at approximately 11:30 PM, police were on general patrol, travelling westbound on 5th Line Road, when they observed a motor vehicle travelling eastbound towards them at a high rate of speed. Speed was confirmed by an on-board radar unit. The vehicle swerved into the path of the police, who had

to take evasive action to avoid a collision. Police turned around and pulled the vehicle over in a driveway. Police spoke to the driver and determined she was impaired by alcohol due to her red, glossy eyes, slurred speech, and the strong odour of alcohol emanating from her breath. Police placed the female

driver under arrest for impaired driving. As a result of the investigation, Charlotte Johnson, 27 years of age of Ohsweken, was released on a Recognizance with a court date for Impaired Driving and Alcohol Per Se Offence 80 plus contrary to the Criminal Code of Canada and Speeding, among other charges.

The Indigenous Sport Heroes Education Experience (ISHEE) is a national education initiative available at no cost to all Canadians SUBMITTED with a focus on K-12 students.

to integrate Indigenous perspectives and ways of knowing and being into their classrooms. “The Indigenous Sports Heroes Education Experience is an educational resource that inspires conversation about the rich sporting history of Indigenous Hall of Famers,” reads the events social media page. Blessing ceremonies will kick off the free online event from First Nations, Métis, and Inuit elders. Following the ceremonies will be messages from Minister of Canadian Heritage Honourable Steven Guilbeault; Indigenous Hall of Famers and family representatives; Bob Rooney, board chair of Canada's Sports Hall of Fame; Trevor Haynes, CEO of Black Diamond Group; Larry Goerzen, president

Alberta and Prairies Region of Rogers Communications; Raynie Wood, dean of School of Information and Communications Technologies and; Crystal Clark, Indigenous education specialist at Canada's Sports Hall of Fame. More information on the resource book will be explored through an exclusive virtual walk-through during the premier. The Indigenous Sport Heroes Education Experience is the first of its kind educational exhibit and seven-year initiative with the aim to prompt conversation about equity and inclusion, through the lens of sport. To learn more, visit and to register early for the event, visit indigenousheroes.


August 4th, 2021


First Nations group says all residential schools need to be investigated CANADIAN PRESS


WINNIPEG — A First Nations advocacy group in Manitoba is urging RCMP across the country to open criminal investigations into all former residential schools following a decade-long investigation into allegations of sexual abuse at a former residential school in the province. The Southern Chiefs' Organization says investigations are warranted and critical in helping First Nations people heal. A criminal investigation was launched the following year. The school was opened in 1905 in the community of Fort Alexander, which later became Sagkeeng First Nation. It ran for 66 years until 1970. Mounties said they interviewed more than 700 people across North America and collected 75 statements from witnesses and alleged victims. They said it is the only investigation into residential schools in the province. Peguis First Nation Chief Glenn Hudson offered his support to the community of Sagkeeng and called for RCMP to expedite and prioritize the investigation process. Hudson echoed calls for Mounties to open criminal investigations into all residential schools, as abuses weren't limited to one school. ``All criminals guilty of the worst offences imaginable against children must be thoroughly investigated and brought to justice,'' he said in a statement. An estimated 150,000 First Nations, Inuit and Metis children were forced to attend residential schools. Survivors told the Truth and Reconciliation Commission stories of abuse they endured while staying at the schools, including instances of starvation and harsh discipline. The commission's final report said Phil Fontaine, former grand chief of the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs and a past national chief of the Assembly of First Nations, put experiences at residential schools on the national agenda in 1990 when he disclosed

his own sexual abuse at the Fort Alexander school. Part of the commission's final report examined the way the Canadian legal system failed survivors. The report said the criminal and civil justice systems seemed to side in favour of the school authorities and school administrators. ``To survivors, the jus-

tice system was a barrier to their efforts to bring out the truth of their collective experience,'' the report concluded. Manitoba RCMP called their investigation into the Fort Alexander school ``large and complex.'' They forwarded their investigative court package to the Crown prosecutor's office


to review and provide advice regarding charges. Justice Minister Cameron Friesen said on Wednesday this was not a conventional investigation and work is underway to determine if charges should be laid. A similar investigation took place decades ago in British Columbia.

In the 1990s, B.C. RCMP conducted an extensive investigation into criminal allegations related to 15 former residential schools in the province. The Native Indian Residential School Task Force was created in December 1994 to investigate complaints of historic physical and sexual abuse at the

church-run residential schools around B.C., an RCMP spokesperson said in a statement. The unit was in place for eight years and a total of 14 individuals were charged with various offences since the first allegations were made to police in 1988.







FRIDAY AUGUST 6, 2021 | 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM Join us for our Annual Customer Appreciation Drive-Thru! To say nya:weh for the ongoing support, the GRETI team will be distributing pre-packaged swag and goodies to the community! Come on out for some carnival treats, swag, and more! Drive-thru ONLY, no walk throughs permitted.

All attendees expected to follow social distancing guidelines





August 4th, 2021

know the score.

ISWO’s Virtual Programming helps all ages during the pandemic Submitted to TRT Staff MISSSAUGA, ONTARIO — When the COVID-19 global pandemic was declared last March, Indigenous Sport & Wellness Ontario (ISWO) knew that the organization would have to pivot in order to continue to offer sport and wellness programs in some way. The organization’s mandate is to support Indigenous athlete development, increased participation in sport and enhance the overall health and wellness for Indigenous Peoples in Ontario. Public health restrictions resulted in the abrupt stoppage of competitive sport and recreation activities across Ontario, for all ages. This meant that ISWO had to cancel all in-person events including tryouts and preparation of Team Ontario for the 2020 NAIG, 2020 NAHC and the postponement of the 2021 Masters Indigenous Games. Realizing that much was unknown about how long the limitations would be in place and when a return to play would be possible, ISWO immediately focused on creating a new plan to support youth and communities. Three approaches were used to support wellness: the first approach identified immediate needs of food, hygiene products, hand sanitizer and household goods, as many Indigenous communities, especially those located in rural and northern areas, were facing shortages; the second approach included the development of grant programs to redirect funds directly to commu-

Indigenous Sport and Wellness Ontario has made signifigant investments into keeping Indigenous youth active throughout the ISWO pandemic.

nities to be able to support sport, wellness and recreation programs within the community; and the third approach, was to develop a range of virtual and online programs that could encourage physical and mental wellness through participation. Utilizing ISWO’s Well Nation program, which is based on Indigenous ways of wellness, family participation and community building, ISWO focused on creating family-based activities to keep everyone active by encouraging online communities that people could rely on for inspiration and encouragement. Over the course of the year, a new Well Nation program was introduced every four to six-weeks, with more than 20 virtual programs in total, including the Well Nation Virtual Games. ISWO’s virtual programming had hundreds of participants and families registering, with many of the programs ran through zoom, Facebook and YouTube. In June of last year, Well Nation launched a Couch to 5k Running Program on Facebook that turned out to be so popular, the organization launched a second edition this past spring. The Well Nation Couch to 5K Facebook

group now has over 1,200 members, with many active participants posting their progress, motivations and challenges each day. The group has grown into a community where people of all abilities are comfortable sharing their wellness journeys, while being supportive of each other. The Well Nation Boot Camp had a similar story, with a pilot launched last summer and then a second longer edition launched in January, to coincide with New Year resolutions and a focus on being healthy and active. The Facebook group grew each week with the group reaching 850 people by the end of the six weeks. While being a diverse group from across Ontario, many of the participants were women ranging from 25 to 54 years in age. The participants were all very active and shared their progress, as well as encouraging words with others. Many of the participants reported feeling healthier (both physically and mentally), stronger and more connected to community. The participants commented that the group was extremely motivating and held them accountable for their physical activity and

nutrition. Cyndil Nagabow, one of the weekly winners from the Well Nation Boot Camp Program commented, “Chi-Miigwetch, it’s been a challenging but fun 6-weeks. I loved all the support and great ideas this group has provided me. I started here on January 4 and weighed in at 312 lbs. I jumped on the scale after the 6 weeks and I’m down to 293 lbs.” In addition to the Couch to 5k program, the following Well Nation programs were held over this past year: • Virtual Fishing Derby • Take a Hike Challenge • Healthy Eating and Active Living (HEAL) Challenge in partnership with N’Amerind Friendship Centre • Virtual 2k, 5k, 10k, Walk/Run • A Lunch Time Learning Series on Inuit Culture every Wednesday during the month of October • HIIT @ Home, a sixweek fitness program with live 45 minute sessions offered on YouTube three times a week, hosted by Indigenous personal fitness trainer, Maria Jacko • Pow Wow Fitness Step Groove • NHL21 Tournament • Wellness Warrior Weekly Challenges for February that had 90-110 people participating each week for the month of February. As ISWO continued to see great success and community participation in all of its virtual programing, the team started planning to host a virtual games. Although ISWO didn’t have a road map to follow in developing this innovative program, part-



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ners at Special Olympics Ontario and Maple Leaf Sports and Entertainment (MLSE), offered best practices and suggestions, gleaned from their own experiences in hosting large-scale virtual games and programs. The Virtual Games, which ran from March 15-25, offered a range of activities including various sport challenges, artic games, fitness activities and fun-zone, and minute to win it challenges for younger participants. Families could register together, but each participant competed in one of three age categories (1-12, 13-19, 20+) for the highest scores and a chance at winning prizes, including six grand-prizes of $500 gift cards sponsored by Canadian Tire. All ages and abilities were welcome to participate, and winners were announced during the Closing Ceremony. All of the participants received a free prize pack for participating, which included a Games branded t-shirt, a hacky sack and a Team Ontario pin. While ISWO’s sport program primarily focuses on athlete development and sport specific training for competition at the North American Indigenous Games and National Aboriginal Hockey Championships, the Well Nation platform offers programming that is holistic and family friendly, for those who want to be active, but not necessarily compete. “Indigenous sport pathways tend to focus more on social and community development, whereas the mainstream sports system generally sets sight upon

competition. Through Well Nation, we hope to emphasize healthy active living for those who wish to take part, and perhaps have provided a sense of Everyday Wellness that prepares us to celebrate the return of spring. It’s important that ISWO provides both distinct and cross-cultural influences using a better understanding of knowledge and activities that have sustained us throughout traditional and contemporary settings,” said Mekwan Tulpin, high performance coordinator for ISWO. “Moving our Well Nation programming online was a much-needed shift regardless of its cause. To some extent, our programs may be limited due to internet accessibility, bandwidth issues, and an on-setting fatigue for many. Although this remains true, we have been continually adapting to what we may be able to offer next in all directions.” The success of the Well Nation virtual programs clearly demonstrate that there’s a need, not only to remain physically active and focus on wellness, but to connect and be part of a community as a way of coping with the physical isolation and mental stress of living through a pandemic. The virtual space provides participants an opportunity to connect with others, be a part of something, and feel a real sense of community in a safe way, while having fun and trying to achieve their fitness and wellness goals.

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August 4th, 2021


Six Nations Chiefs return to the floor STAFF REPORT


OAKVILLE — Like a breath of fresh air for lacrosse fans, games have been taking place for the Major Series Lacrosse League at the Toronto Rock Athletic Centre. Last Tuesday, the Chiefs met up with the Oakville Rock with a new roster: Tehoka Nanticoke, Kedoh Hill, Kevin O. Hill, Vern Hill, Jordan Durston, Justin Martin, Tyson Bell, Liam Leclair, Chris Weier, Josh Miller, Kahn General, Quinn Powless, Dayton Hill, Mason Kamminga, Nonkon Thompson, Sam Leclair, Alex Henry, Bo Bowhunter, Jerry Starts, Leland Powless, Wesley Whitlow, Jamie Dilks, K.

Lax is back.

Doolittle, Layne Smiths, Marty ‘Bo’ Hill, Tyson Bomberry, and Ty Logan. Many veteran Chiefs players opted out of the season with the opportunity to battle for a Mann Cup unavailable.


But the game versus the Oakville Rock was met with a loss for the Chiefs, 12-9, but a great showing of ingenuity and inventive use of stick placement for the Chiefs. Game goals were scored by Tehoka

Six Nations Chiefs back on the floor this weekend.

Nanticoke (3), Dayton hill, Sam Leclair, Kedoh Hill (2), Tyson Bell, and Mason Kamminga. This brought them to their second match up with the Brooklin Lacrosse Club the following


Wednesday. Unfortunately taking their second loss, 10-12, the deficit is closer and the penalty minutes were less than their first game. Game goals were buried by Tehoka Nanticoke (3),

‘It’s never too late,’ with Delaney Maracle



SIX NATIONS — Lacrosse is a sport that encapsulates more facets of Haudenosaunee culture than just one: it is a spiritual and physical medicine game, it is a way to show athleticism and an outlet for sportsmanship and teamwork. It is Canada’s national summer sport and will be making a reappearance at the Olympics. With the ever growing range of the game, it is oftentimes easy to overlook the accomplishments that happen throughout the throes of the sports entirety. Lacrosse inadvertently shows that the accomplishments of singular individual can set an example of how players can achieve personal goals within the sport. Today, the accomplishments of Delaney Maracle have been recognized with him taking on an academic and athletic scholarship offer with a university in the U.S.. “I coached him in minors and watching him come about, he really wasn’t one of the top players coming up through the minor system, but he worked hard at it and he kept at

Kedoh Hill (2), Kevin O. Hill, Justin Martin, Liam Leclair, Nonkon Thompson, and Jordan Durston. This gives the Chiefs two recorded losses, but their games are kept tight and close considering that many of the vets are not playing. This gives rise for more development for the rest of the team, and more opportunity to shine. It is hoped that in their next matches with the Cobourg Kodiaks on Tues-day, August 3, (after publication time), the Chiefs will bring home their first win. The August 3 roster will also feature hometown veterans and favourites Austin Staats and Brendan Bomberry.

After an early career in lacrosse taking him to international teams, Delaney Maracle is now back on Turtle Island to play the Creator's TRT Game.

it,” said his uncle, Chad General. After moving back from British Columbia, General said that he saw Maracles development, commitment to the game, and to helping his family, and wanted to highlight that things are never too late. “He’s been developing himself, working hard and improving with pick up games and playing with different people. He’s travelled to Europe for lacrosse and he’s done

a lot on his own and funded his own trips,” said General. “This is just another step for him in getting to his dream of playing pro-lacrosse,” he said. “It just shows that good things still happen out there.” In his early starts, Maracle explained that he was usually on the two or three team instead of the one team for the Six Nations Minor Lacrosse League, but appreciated

the experience more as it allowed him to learn and play the game at a pace that was beneficial to him later on. While in the age range of the minor system, Maracle moved to London with his mother and played in the London Blue Devils circuit. This was the start of his travelling through the sport. “I have been playing lacrosse for pretty much entire life and lacrosse is really big in our family,” he said, explaining that an

uncle helped played and went on to win consecutive Mann Cups. “I play for my family and for my little brother, he can’t play the game so I don’t do it for the fame or money, I just do it for him.” Maracle then moved to play in Czech Republic and Istanbul in Europe as an International player. He also played in Las Vegas, Nashville and Iowa in the U.S., where he was scouted by the St. Am-

brose University to play for the Fighting Bees. It seemed like it was meant to be as the university campus is only a five minute walk from where Maracle was living in Davenport. “I was out [in Iowa] playing summer lacrosse because here wasn’t much going on in Canada for lacrosse at the time. One of the coaches approached me there,” he said. “It kind of hit me all at once.” Still in the deciding stages, Maracle is looking at attending for the winter semester and recollected that he had various opportunities to play in the U.S., previously, but he held true to his familial duties and focused on his family. He will be moving to play for the Fighting Bees as an attack player, and he suspected that his scholarship offer came from the videos of his high lights from the Istanbul Sultans and the Colorado Jagged Mountain games. “I was just very happy to play instead of being cooped up from Covid,” he said. Out of his family, Maracle is one of the only young mean to continue to carry the game and the handwork and determination he has put in will open for a promising University career.



August 4th, 2021

Arrows close season and wish graduates well



OAKVILLE — The final game for the regular season for the Six Nations Jr. A Arrows came to a sad end on Sunday, August 1, as the Arrows met up with the St. Catharines Athletics. Coming off of a win against the Burlington

Chiefs 10-9, with an overtime goal from Marshall Powless, the Arrows entered a tougher match with the Athletics. The Arrows were unable to crack the scoreboard in previous games with St. Catharines, and this opened for a harsh sweep for the orange, 4-9. After taking the loss and losing the promise of another weekend of lacrosse, the Arrows pro-

vided well wishes to some of their graduating alumni including (from left), Wake:riat Bo Bow-Hunter, Dustin Hill, Nonkon Thompson, Chayton King, Daris Anderson and Kevin Owen Hill. The six of them have made appearances in other leagues and are hoped to break the ice in the Senior divisions soon.


SIX NATIONS - Although a regular season couldn’t be offered, Six Nations Minor Lacrosse players are still hitting the fields for practices and modified games. A schedule for the SNMLA hasn’t been made public, but many of the practices take place throughout the week with game days on weekends. TAMMY HILL


Under the direction of the Six Nations Cannabis Commission, the Executive Assistant will provide all administrative support for the Executive Director and the Six Nations Cannabis Commission; and assist in the implementation of the Six Nations Cannabis Control Law and Regulations administrative procedures and policies.

Under the direction of the Six Nations Cannabis Commission, the Executive Director is responsible for overseeing business plan implementation, operations coordination and working with a team of consultants to ensure the core mandate of the SNCC is executed via the Six Nations Cannabis Control Law and accompanying regulations.

The successful candidate must possess a certificate or diploma in Office Administrative or related program with 5 years of employment experience in a similar capacity and an expert knowledge of G Suite, Microsoft Office 365, Wordpress, Adobe and various social media applications.

The successful candidate will posess a Bachelor’s Degree in Business, Economics or related field; have prior experience or familiarity working with First Nations; and Proven experience in business development and working with boards of directors or other regulatory commissions.

The successful applicant must not have an immediate family member in the cannabis industry at Six Nations.

The successful applicant must not have an immediate family member in the cannabis industry at Six Nations.

Key Skills and Competencies Exceptional critical thinking, problem solving and decision-making skills; Excellent planning, organizational skills; Exceptional oral and written communication skills; Exceptional leading, influencing and negotiating skills; Exceptional conflict resolution skills; Exceptional customer relations management; Ability to manage stress; and Ability to work remotely.

Key Skills and Competencies Exceptional critical thinking, problem solving and decision-making skills; Excellent planning, organizational skills; Exceptional oral and written communication skills; Exceptional leading, influencing and negotiating skills; Exceptional conflict resolution skills; Exceptional customer relations management; Ability to manage stress; and Ability to work remotely.

Preference will be given to members of Six Nations of the Grand River or those of First Nation ancestry.

Preference will be given to members of Six Nations of the Grand River or those of First Nation ancestry.

Closing Date: Wednesday, August 18, 2021 5:00 p.m.

Closing Date: Wednesday, August 18, 2021 5:00 p.m.

Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic, we are ONLY accepting electronic copies at this time. For details on how to apply and a copy of the full job description please send email to

Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic, we are ONLY accepting electronic copies at this time. For details on how to apply and a copy of the full job description please send email to


August 4th, 2021

TLL Announces Player Showcase for NLL Draft to come in August Submitted to TRT Staff PHILADELPHIA & ONTARIO – The Tewaaraton Lacrosse League (TLL) working in partnership with the National Lacrosse League (NLL) is very pleased to announce they will be hosting a player prospect showcase event on August 21 & 22 at the Meridian Centre in St. Catharines, Ontario. The showcase will feature players from across North America looking to increase their draft position and prospective careers in the NLL. NLL general managers, coaches, and scouts will have the opportunity to watch some of the top lacrosse prospects play for the first time in 17 months ahead of the Entry Draft, and be attended by NLL coaches, GM’s, and scouts. Details around the NLL’s 2021 Entry Draft date will be announced in the coming weeks. "On behalf of the National Lacrosse League we are excited to support this

showcase of talent. This is another chance for our coaches and GM’s to see some of the best young talent in North America," said Nick Sakiewicz, NLL Commissioner. "Partnering with the TLL and events like these helps ensure that outstanding players get seen for an opportunity to catch the eye of our coaches, GM’s and scouts and fulfill the dream of playing in the NLL someday.” “We are very excited to partner with the NLL in hosting the TLL Showcase 2021 and highlight the talent of the junior and NCAA players looking to make the move to the professional ranks of the NLL,” said Lewis Staats, TLL President. Players looking to participate can sign up here. Eighty players will be allowed to participate in the two-day showcase which will feature live game action using NLL rules. The National Lacrosse League (NLL) is North America's premier pro-

fessional lacrosse league. Founded in 1986, the NLL ranks third in average attendance for pro indoor sports worldwide, behind only the NHL and NBA. The League is comprised of 15 franchises across the United States and Canada: Albany FireWolves, Buffalo Bandits, Calgary Roughnecks, Colorado Mammoth, Georgia Swarm, Halifax Thunderbirds, Las Vegas NLL, New York Riptide, Panther City Lacrosse Club (TX), Philadelphia Wings, Rochester Knighthawks, San Diego Seals, Saskatchewan Rush, Toronto Rock, and Vancouver Warriors. The TLL is a newly formed box lacrosse league based out of Ontario, Canada and plans to establish itself as the premiere major junior Box lacrosse league in North America for players aged 18-22 The TLL consists of four teams in Burlington, Oshawa, Six Nations, and Tri Cities (Kitchener-Waterloo Region).


Wilfrid Laurier University launches project to examine life and legacy of namesake Southern Ontario's Wilfrid Laurier University says it will examine the ``complex legacy'' and present-day impact of its namesake in a new, multi-year public history project. The Waterloo, Ont., institution says it aims to better understand who the former prime minister was in order to recognize the effect of its affiliation with his name. It says the Laurier Legacy Project will involve research into his life and era, ``and the ways that the past continues to influence the present day.'' The university says two postdoctoral fellows will take part in the project,

one to examine Laurier himself and the other to conduct archival research on the school and its antecedent institutions from 1911 to today. It says the project will also include a visiting professor, who will be an Indigenous scholar working on Indigeneity or decolonization in a historical context or in the context of historical legacies of current issues. The school says there will also be specific processes allowing its community to engage with the project and deepen its understanding of Laurier ``as a nation-builder and as a contributor to systems of racism and

discrimination.'' Barrington Walker, the university's associate vice-president of equity, diversity and inclusion, said the project comes at a ``pivotal point'' in Canadian history. ``This is a time when many are asking difficult questions about our founding colonial institutions, including universities,'' he said in a statement. ``The Laurier Legacy Project will take a critical and research-based look at the histories of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, his era, and our institution. Our ultimate goal is to reflect upon our current-day values and our future.''

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August 4th, 2021

Behind the scenes of N.L.'s failed attempt to rename Red Indian Lake CANADIAN PRESS


ST. JOHN’S — A push to change the offensive name of a Newfoundland lake began with apparent plans for public consultation but ended in a flood of angry emails and a government about-face, emails show. The Newfoundland and Labrador government announced on April 21 it was renaming Red Indian Lake to Wantaqo'ti Qospem, which means ``peaceful lake'' in the Mi'kmaq language. But the government reversed its decision within a week, citing public discontent. ``What right is there to name any traditional Beothuk territory using a Mi'kmaq, Inuit, Innu or Metis name? Indigenous nations are not interchangeable,'' said one email to the government on April 22. ``I am L'nu (Mi'kmaw) and very proud of my nation .... Indigenous people, especially local Mi'kmaw people, are finding themselves the target of hateful comments and backlash because of this decision.'' The sender's name was redacted. The note was among nearly 170 pages of emails obtained from the province following an access to information request by The Canadian Press for all correspondence about the lake's name in the past year. Red Indian Lake sits in the central-western interior of Newfoundland, about 530 kilometres northwest of St. John's. The Beothuk people, who were among the island's original inhabitants, hunted and overwintered on its shores. The last Beothuk is believed to have died in 1829. Last year, the remains of two Beothuk people, Nonosabasut and Demasduit, were returned to the province from a museum in Scotland. Emails show planning is underway to lay their remains at a site on Red Indian Lake. ``Might want to search up anything you can find about Red

Indian Lake,'' writes Peter Hearns, director of the provincial mapping office, on March 2, as a provincial election campaign was underway. ``Apparently once the new government is sworn in, this is one of the first things they want to rename. There is supposed to be a public consultation as well.'' That consultation didn't happen. Instead, Minister of Indigenous Affairs Lisa Dempster tabled a motion in the legislature on April 21 to change the name to Wantaqo'ti Qospem, which she said was suggested by Chief Mi'sel Joe of the Miawpukek First Nation. Emails opposing the move began hitting government inboxes almost immediately, with 19 landing within two days. Internal government emails indicate people were also phoning the premier's office with complaints. Ingeborg Marshall, a Beothuk history scholar in whose name Memorial University recently introduced an award for Beothuk studies, wrote in, saying ``a Mi'kmaw name would be an insult to the Beothuk.'' ``Choosing a Mi'kmaw name does not serve justice, any more than choosing an English one, and in this case it fails to remember and honour the Beothuk,'' Marshall wrote. ``Historically, the lake has been the home of the Beothuk while the Mi'kmaq have resorted to Grand Lake, with no significant attachment to Red Indian Lake.'' Most of the people who wrote in agreed the lake needs a new name, though there were some who didn't grasp why the current name is offensive. Most wanted to know why the public wasn't consulted and asked for a name more closely related to the Beothuk people. That seems to have been part of the initial plan, and there is no indication in the correspondence why it was abandoned.

Emails show the issue of the lake's offensive name came up in a late December virtual meeting between Premier Andrew Furey and the province's Indigenous leaders. Following that meeting, the deputy minister of Indigenous affairs, Aubrey Gover, asked a colleague to find out what the Beothuk had called the lake. Failing that, he asked if there is a known Beothuk word for homeland. ``The closest word we can think of is water: ebauthoo,'' responded Gerry Osmond, the province's director of arts and heritage. He said the word was apparently learned from two of the last known members of the Beothuk people. Osmond recommended they contact Ingeborg Marshall for advice. About a week before the name change was announced, it was still unclear what the new name would be. ``The premier would like to get moving on this ASAP,'' Gover wrote to a representative of the Miawpukek First Nation on April 15, while asking for the Mi'kmaq name for Red Indian Lake. The discussion about the lake's name seems to have been sparked in part by an email from a teacher, who wrote to the government on Dec. 19, 2020. The email note was forwarded through the ranks and mentioned in a virtual meeting between Furey and Indigenous leaders later that month. The search for a new name began the next day. ``I am teaching a young generation that is, rightfully, sensitive to issues like this one,'' the teacher wrote. ``I fear it is only a matter of time before the name Red Indian Lake becomes a national embarrassment. As a proud Newfoundlander, I desperately hope we can address the issue with some manner of dignity before that time comes.''

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August 4th, 2021


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NOVEMBER 28TH, August 4th,2018 2021


send notices to Obituary


HENHAWK: Jackie Alton (John)

Maracle - Sarah Ann (Annie)

It is with deep sadness that we announce his passing on Wednesday July 28, 2021 at the age of 83 years. Husband of the late Donna. Father of Norm, and the late Lee, and Crystal. Grandfather of several grandchildren, and great grandchildren. Son of the late Roy & Phyllis. Brother of Willie, Florence “DeeDee”, and the late Roy Jr., Ozzie, Mary, Helen, Jean, Irma, Buck, Gail, and Rod. Special friend of the late Thelma “Moog”. He will also be missed by his loving nieces, nephews, many, many friends, and Buster. John enjoyed hunting and fishing. Resting at his home 1461 1st Line, Ohsweken after 10 a.m. Saturday where funeral service will be held on Sunday, August 1, 2021 at 1 p.m. Interment Stump Hall Cemetery. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home, Ohsweken.

Peacefully with her loving George by her side on Tuesday, July 27, 2021. Annie Maracle, of Ohsweken, in her 78th year. Beloved Soulmate of George Gonzales. Daughter of the late John Maracle & Orma Thomas. Loving Mom of Kenneth (Terri), Carol (Mark), Yvonne (Thomas) O’Conner, Debra (the late Al) Akana, Vikki (Aaron) Gardiner, and Cheryl (Mike) Novak. Cherished Grandma of 13 grandchildren and 3 great-grandchildren. Dear Sister of Paul, Mark, Ruthie, Pat and predeceased by her brothers: Dewey, Herbert and sister Gloria. Annie will be sadly missed by her many family & friends. Arrangements entrusted to the Keith Ovington Funeral Home, 134 King Street, Burford. Keith Ovington 519449-1112.

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Benefit for Lisa Maracle who is battling stomach cancer Dinner consists of Roasted Pig, 2 side salads, cob of corn + a drink. Oldies music + Country music by George the music man Draws of $100.00, lottery pack + other items For more information call 519.732.4071 Lisa is the daughter of Brenda MaracleHill and the late Allen Maracle


August 4th, 2021






CLUES ACROSS 1. Ponds 6. “Unbelievable” musicians 9. Invests in little enterprises 13. Longtime Utah Jazz coach 14. Small sailboat 15. “Luther” actor 16. Round Dutch cheese 17. Detects underwater objects 18. Harsh, grating noise 19. Steward 21. Fencing sword 22. Painful places on the body 23. “Sleepless in Seattle” actress Ryan 24. Sodium 25. Engineering degree (abbr.) 28. Small lump 29. African antelope 31. Electronic point of sale 33. Carefully chooses 36. Ringworm 38. Unrefined 39. Drenches 41. Type of pants 44. Son of Noah 45. Spiritual being 46. Upton Sinclair novel 48. Journalist Tarbell 49. Atomic #21 (abbr.) 51. Born of 52. Rich tapestry 54. S. China seaport 56. Being without clothes 60. Surrounded by 61. Remains 62. Away from wind 63. Dried-up 64. One who can see the future 65. A very large body of water 66. Digs up earth 67. Type of screen 68. Old Norse poet

ARIES – Mar 21/Apr 20 Aries, feelings of nostalgia may come over you this week, prompting you to look at old family movies or thumb through photo albums. Enjoy this trip down Memory Lane.

TAURUS – Apr 21/May 21 It is good to remain positive and keep an open mind, Taurus. Maintain your optimistic attitude and others will soon gravitate toward you. GEMINI – May 22/Jun 21 Take heart that many people around you are experiencing extreme emotions this week, Gemini. Help them work through the situation and your efforts won’t go unnoticed.

CANCER – Jun 22/Jul 22 Cancer, stand up and defend yourself when the need arises. Your reputation is beyond reproach, and for good reason. Others can be relied on to support you.

CLUES DOWN 1. Millisecond 2. Spanish city 3. Sudden, very loud sound 4. Type of chair 5. Tin 6. Sea eagles 7. Broad volcanic crater 8. Some animals have it 9. Ottoman palaces 10. Divulge a secret 11. “A Doll’s House” playwright 12. “It’s a Wonderful Life” director 14. Poisonous perennial 17. Gulf in the Aegean 20. Clothes 21. Chairs 23. Family of regulator genes 25. NY ballplayer 26. Impressive in size or scope 27. Jacques __, Fr. biologist

Answers for August 4th, 2021 Crossword Puzzle

29. Manhattanite 30. Genus of lemurs 32. Sings to 34. River in southern Italy 35. Supplemented with difficulty 37. Farewell 40. Senior officer 42. Utah resident 43. Begets 47. Boy 49. Violently break 50. Brief appearance 52. Expressed pleasure 53. A light informal meal 55. Fabric with smooth finish 56. One billionth of a second (abbr.) 57. Ancient Greek City 58. Close tightly 59. Commit 61. A way to communicate (abbr.) 65. Heavy metal


LEO – Jul 23/Aug 23 Leo, others appreciate your straightforward, nononsense attitude. You’ll find support by being honest at all times, so keep up the good work.

VIRGO – Aug 24/Sept 22 Virgo, you often like things to be orderly and factbased. However, this week you may find yourself clouded by emotions. You may have to go with your heart this time. LIBRA – Sept 23/Oct 23 Reach out to others for help with a sticky situation, Libra. Only by letting others know that you may need some support will you get friends and family to come to your aid. SCORPIO – Oct 24/Nov 22 Scorpio, you can’t always assume that people will be in tune with your needs. You may need to advocate for yourself if you want help along the way.

SAGITTARIUS – Nov 23/Dec 21 Don’t jump too quickly into making decisions this week, Sagittarius. Take some time to consider a situation and then form your opinion. CAPRICORN – Dec 22/Jan 20 Capricorn, don’t avoid emotional topics right now, even if you’re tempted to run in the opposite direction. Facing a strong challenge will make you much stronger. AQUARIUS – Jan 21/Feb 18 To reveal the truth about something, tap into your psychic abilities, Aquarius. It may cause others to be a bit uncomfortable, but it is important to clarify things right now.

PISCES – Feb 19/Mar 20 Pisces, when dealing with powerful, opinionated forces, including your own, it’s best to keep a level head and remain patient.

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August 4th, 2021

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Irving "Bing" Leblanc Director - Infrastructure Assembly of First Nations

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