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THE SPIRIT OF ALL NATIONS WEDNESDAY November 18th, 2020 | www.tworowtimes.com | 519-900-5535 | Grand River Territory | FREE

Indigenous candidates' win for all in American Congress STAFF REPORT




Internet access, health care and basic necessities like running water and electricity within Indigenous communities have long been at the centre of congressional debates. But until recently, Congress didn't have many Indigenous members who were pushing for solutions and funding for those issues. Hope is growing after the Native delegation in the U.S. House expanded by two on Election Day: Yvette Herrell, who is Cherokee and prevailed in New Mexico's 2nd Congressional District, and Kai Kahele, a Native Hawaiian who won that state's 2nd District. They will join four Native Americans who won reelection: Reps. Deb Haaland of New Mexico, who's Laguna; Sharice Davids of Kansas, who's Ho-Chunk; Markwayne Mullin of Oklahoma, who's Cherokee; and Tom Cole of Oklahoma, who's Chickasaw. Of the six who prevailed, half are Democrats and half Republican _ a divide Cole said would ``absolutely be indispensable in passing anything the next two years.'' The winners were among a dozen Indigenous major-party

Indigenous representation is on the rise in the US Congress. Deb Haaland of New Mexico was re-elected for a second term in the SUBMITTED PHOTO November 2020 election.

Kai Kahele, an Indigenous Hawaiian, won a seat in the House for SUBMITTED PHOTO his state's 2nd District.

candidates running in topof-the-ticket races. ``I always consider tribal affairs to be non-partisan,'' Cole said Monday. ``The tribal sovereignty and trust responsibility are not partisan issues. You either believe in those or you don't.'' Representation means progress, scholars say, particularly for Indigenous children who will see their language and culture on display in Congress. It's fueled by efforts to recruit Indigenous candidates and back them financially, get-out-the-vote efforts and Native communities flexing their political muscle. About 100 Indigenous candidates were on general election ballots across the country, most seeking seats in state legislatures. ``It's seeing people that look like us in Congress that is inspiring women, more than anything, to run,'' said Traci Morris,

And while it's not easy to ignore Indigenous lawmakers if they're sitting across the table, they often can be pigeonholed, said Richard Monette, who teaches federal Indian law at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. ``I think that, in the end, the scale tips toward being more good than bad,'' said Monette, a former chairman of the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa. ``That's fair to say, but I will say this is complex.'' Herrell, for example, said she's proud of her heritage but didn't tout it in her bid to unseat Democrat Xochitl Torres Small in a complicated district that includes minority communities along the U.S.-Mexico border, tribes, ranchers, farmers, and oil and gas industry workers. ``I really prefer to call myself an American,'' she told The Associated Press. ``I'm a New Mexican, and

executive director of the American Indian Policy Institute at Arizona State University who's Chickasaw. ``That's what I see _ I see we all think we can do it now. And there was huge involvement.'' Still, Indigenous people remain underrepresented in Congress. The U.S. Senate has not had a Native American member since Ben Nighthorse Campbell of Colorado retired in 2005. He has Northern Cheyenne heritage. Democrat Paulette Jordan, who is Coeur d'Alene, lost to the incumbent for a U.S. Senate seat in Idaho this year. But the House victories won't necessarily translate to immediate power in Washington. Kahele said he imagines he'll spend time learning about Indigenous issues outside of his native Hawaii and educating other Native and non-Natives in Congress.

it's not about labels, it's not about race. It's about people and representing all of our values, all of our shared likes and even dislikes and coming together.'' The House formed the bipartisan Congressional Native American Caucus in 1997 that has dozens of non-Indigenous members and is now led by Cole and Haaland. Most notably, it worked to pass two bills to help address the epidemic of missing and slain Native American women. But the leadership team, which also includes Davids and Mullin, doesn't always agree. ``We all make decisions based on two things: our life experiences and the way we were raised,'' Mullin said in a statement to the AP. ``With more Native Americans in Congress, we can make a bigger impact CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 PM42686517




November 18th, 2020

keeping you informed.

Book highlights lacrosse for Six Nations writer Delby Powless writes a work of fiction entitled Medicine Game STAFF REPORT



OHSWEKEN — A new work of fiction is available centring around the world of lacrosse, written by a Six Nations man. Delby Powless wrote and published the new work — titled ‘Medicine Game’ — looking at the fictional reserve of Sparrow Lake. Tommy Henry, the book’s lead character, finds solace in the world of lacrosse — struggling with memories from a traumatic childhood, alcoholism and violence and ultimately finding a pathway to healing. It is

described as “an emotional story that brings to light some of the dark issues in Native communities while displaying the comedy that many Native people use to cope with such issues.” On Facebook Brian Stevens wrote, " Great book Delby! I'm Almost to the end. (It's a) very emotional life changer." Powless is a Mohawk man from Six Nations and former professional lacrosse player — formerly with the Buffalo Bandits and Iroquois Nationals. The book is available on the Amazon website, the Kindle edition is $4.99.

Sharice Davids, from the Ho-Chunk Nation of Kansas, was also PHOTO BY X re-elected to the US House of Representatives.

Delby Powless was already the man and the legend and now he has written his first myth called Medicine Game pick it up on AmPHOTO OBTAINED BY TRT azon.

Landback Camp holding on for 121 days




PLANK ROAD – Despite all types of peril, a group of Haudenosaunee land defenders have kept camp at Landback Lane since July and unofficial spokesman Skyler Williams says he has been experiencing threats of violence. "We will continue our peaceful occupation of

our lands despite their threats and their attempts to intimidate us. This is Haudenosaunee Territory! We are working hard today to restore our camp after that crazy wind storm last night. Several of our tents got destroyed." Williams also said that he will be filing an appeal to the court decision against him earlier last month. A judge granted a permanent injunction on Oc-

tober 22nd in an attempt to stop land activists from occupying the proposed housing development in Caledonia. Thirty three people have been arrested so far including musician Tom Wilson. "To all the people who have held it down for the last 4 months. I love all of you. It’s been a wild ride but here we are. So many have come to help. To show support. To bring

food and gear for us. I LOVE MY PEOPLE! Please continue to support the legal defence Gofundme campaign. As well as the camp/build fund as we have a lot of repairs to make from the wind storm. Send $ by etransfer to landback6nations@gmail. com. Nyawęh." wrote Williams on Facebook. Williams and other land defenders do not believe the 1840 surrender was legal.

and better educate our colleagues about Native issues.'' Haaland and Cole said the focus in the upcoming session will be COVID-19's impact on Native communities, chronic shortfalls in federal funding for tribes, broadband internet access, further addressing missing and slain Indigenous women and land put into trust for tribes. Kahele, who became the second Native Hawaiian elected to Congress since statehood, has said he will champion Indigenous voices and push for things like housing assistance, the protection of natural resources and for the federal government to right the wrongs committed against Indigenous Hawaiians. Hawaii was an independent kingdom until 1893, when American businessmen backed by U.S. Marines overthrew Queen Liliuokalani. The U.S. annexed Hawaii five

years later, making it a territory. It gained statehood in 1959. While the U.S. apologized in 1993, Kahele said ``that was the first step in what needs to be a process of healing and reparations.'' Native Hawaiians are not among the more than 570 federally recognized Native American tribes, though they've sought the designation. They share common struggles in land loss, health care and lack of economic prosperity and have access to some of the same federal funding and preference for bidding on federal contracts as tribes. Kahele said he's already reached out to his Native colleagues in the House. ``If we work together, we can achieve so much more,'' Kahele said. ``And there are a lot out there who want us to fight, to compete against each other for the same federal resources.''

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November 18th, 2020


Residents near Ottawa fought to preserve outdated and racist road name STAFF REPORT



OTTAWA — The council of Beckwith Township near Ottawa is proposing to change the name of a private road that includes a derogatory term for Indigenous women after months of controversy and over the objections of the road owners. Reeve Richard Kidd says he's confident the council will pass the proposed bylaw on Dec. 1 to change Squaw Point Road to Monarch Lane. ``It's a private road. If If this was a public road, if this is a township road that we owned, we would have changed this years ago,'' he said. Colleen Gray, a Metis artist living in Beckwith Township, said the term was once not derogatory but it became so when European soldiers used it to refer to Indigenous

women in a negative way. ``The word, when I speak it out of my mouth, makes me feel a little sick inside,'' she said. ``It's a very ugly word.'' Kidd said it's the first time the township has sought to change the name of a private road. ``We didn't realize that we had to pass a bylaw on a private road to change (its name),'' he said. ``We thought, 'We don't own it.' Like, it's not our property.'' The council is moving forward with the change against the wishes of the two owners of the road, said Kidd. ``These two individuals own the land. They signed a document for us saying they didn't want (the road name) to change,'' he said. The Canadian Press was unable to reach either of the road owners. Minutes from a township council meeting in September say one of the owners wanted to keep the name ``for various reasons including the


LIVE CHAT (MESSAGING) Link on sixnationscovid19.ca under Crisis Support Live Chat

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The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Live Chat crisis response. Live Chat or Instant Messaging is done on your computer over the internet. Live Chat (Messaging) is available Monday to Friday 8:30am - 4:00pm



The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Texting crisis response. Texting is available Monday to Friday from 8:30am - 4:00pm. A person seeking crisis support through text will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker and receive messages through text.

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historic value he wishes not be lost in the community.'' Gray said the word has roots in the systemic racism that is a huge problem in Canada. ``It hurts a minority, every time it's used, and so for people to fight for the right to use that word. I don't understand it,'' she said. The federal government said in September it will change the name of a mountain and trail in Alberta that use the word, adding the name has been a concern for Indigenous groups and Parks Canada for some time. Maureen Bostock has been advocating for the Beckwith road name change since April as a member of a group called Lanark County Neighbours for Truth and Reconciliation. ``This is a word that is associated with the violence against Indigenous women that has gone on

for 200 years in this area and all throughout Canada,'' she said. ``It's a very very offensive name. It's demeaning. It denies the role of Indigenous women have in their own communities as leaders.'' She said many Indigenous women have experienced residential schools, where they were sexually and physically assaulted and this word was used against them as a racial slur. There are school buses travelling down that road twice a day, she said. ``How on earth can we say we are committed as a society to reconciliation when children are still learning about (that offensive word),'' she said. ``Because the schoolyard again becomes a place where that racist slur gets used.'' Residents on the road say they are frustrated over the delay in granting their request to change the name, after the private

road owners opposed the move, claiming during a township council meeting in September there was ``historic value'' in the current name. Kim Watson, a member of the residents' association, says they voted on the issue and asked to change the name in August. She said their request was sent to Beckwith Township council and then was forwarded to the upper-tier government of Lanark County. The county sent the request back because the township has the authority to make the change on its own. ``It was like a pass-thebuck thing,'' Watson said. ``We're sort of stalled.'' Watson was a member of the committee that organized the name change and went door to door getting recommendations for new names. ``We chose Monarch Lane for the monarch butterfly because it's been

struggling this last while,'' she said. ``We want (the name) to get a change. It's well past time.'' Kidd said most private roads in the area are owned by road associations, comprising multiple landowners, but this road is owned by two people and there are 25 people that own properties, cottages and houses on the road and have the right to use it. Bostock's group proposed changing the road name to Anishinaabekwe Point Road. ``It's a respectful way to address Indigenous women in this area,'' she said. The council is choosing Monarch Lane instead: the residents who have to change their addresses prefer it. ``It's what the ambulance uses. the fire department uses,'' Kidd said. ``I believe that name would be very easy for people to pronounce, to make it identifiable.''



November 18th, 2020

Indigenous led program helps improve the water situation at home STAFF REPORT



More than 20 First Nations across Ontario are taking part in a new project aimed at improving the drinking water standard in their communities. The project is funded by the federal government and administered by the Ontario First Nations Technical Services Corporation. The Indigenous-led corporation says it will provide on-site training to operators of water treatment facilities located in the 22 participating First Nations. Glen Goodman, the corporation's director of engineering and infrastructure services, says the goal is to break the cycle of First Nations having to wait for critical failure of their water treatment facilities to get the resources they need. ``In the industry it's called breakdown maintenance, meaning money isn't invested into the facilities, until there's a

catastrophic failure of the equipment,'' said Goodman, who notes federal funding levels for the facilities have not been raised in the decades he's worked for the corporation. ``Which isn't the way things should be done from my perspective, and it's not common practice in private industry or municipal settings anywhere in Canada.'' According to Indigenous Services Canada, there are 12 water and wastewater hubs in Ontario, including the Ontario First Nations Technical Services Corporation, serving approximately 90 First Nation communities. The 22 communities participating in the new project are smaller, with fewer than 5,000 residents and are not administered by a larger tribal council. Under the program, certified trainers are sent to First Nations territories to learn about the issues local operators are dealing with at their facilities. The trainers help the operators assess the systems

and give them the tools and resources necessary to monitor the equipment, water quality levels, and provide updates to the corporation, tribal leaders and other authorities. If a water treatment facility in the program is in danger, engineers who are familiar with those systems are dispatched to assess the problem. Goodman said the program is designed to make an unfair system more equitable. ``These individuals were handed over the keys to brand new water treatment plants and expected to be able to follow the rules and regulations of the Ontario water-drinking act and that's just impossible,'' Goodman said. Municipal water treatment operators have apprenticeship programs but First Nations typically do not because of fewer revenue streams for band councils, he said. As an example of how unfair the system is, Goodman said that one operator the corporation works with is maintaining two water treatment plants

and three well systems by himself, where a municipality would have at least five people looking after comparable facilities. Most Indigenous water treatment operators are paid minimum wage, much less than someone with similar responsibilities would be paid by a municipality, a recent report found. ``Can you imagine the stress that's placed on them?'' said Goodman, who is based in Thunder Bay, Ont. Melanie Debassige, the corporation's executive director, said that creating trust was necessary to entering into agreements with the program's participating communities.

``It goes back to ongoing reconciliation, that nation-to-nation relationship,'' said Debassige, who is also on the board of Reconciliation Canada. Debassige said that for the program to truly succeed it needs more than the one year of funding currently in place. She hopes that when she reapplies for funding, the program's success will warrant a longer financial commitment from the federal government. ``You can't just say you're going to do this for one year and expect the water advisories to be lifted,'' said Debassige, who is based in Brantford, Ont., and Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation.

Goodman and Debassige agree that part of the program's success is that band council leaders and operators are more likely to trust the Ontario First Nations Technical Services Corporation because it got its mandate from the Ontario Chiefs in Assembly, it's a non-profit organization, and its staff is predominantly Indigenous. ``The trepidation of First Nations, just in general, because of colonialism, it's something unfortunately that we're still dealing with today,'' said Goodman. To that end, the program has trainers that speak Ojibwa, Cree, and French, although so far all instruction has been delivered in English. Debassige said on-site training has been very useful for the local operators. ``A lot of these operators are young, they have young families, there's only one operator in the community,'' said Debassige. ``How can they possibly leave for a week?''








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November 18th, 2020


Accused guilty in woman's death even if victim was ill before assault: Crown CANADIAN PRESS



A clear link between the injury an Indigenous woman suffered when struck by a trailer hitch and her eventual death months later establishes the guilt of the man accused of killing her, regardless of her underlying health conditions, a Crown attorney said Thursday in his closing arguments. Brayden Bushby's manslaughter trial in Thunder Bay, Ont., which began Monday, was centred on whether the evidence would prove that the man's actions contributed to the death of 34-yearold Barbara Kentner. Bushby, 22, has admitted to throwing the trailer hitch at Kentner in January 2017, pleading guilty to aggravated assault. But his lawyer has argued his client is not guilty of manslaughter in the woman's death five months later. Crown attorney Andrew Sadler pointed Thursday to a forensic pathologist's testimony that


an abdominal infection stemming from a small bowel rupture, caused by the assault with the hitch, ``hastened'' Kentner's death, although she had an underlying illness that contributed. ``It may be that someone who was healthier would recover from the same injury. That doesn't change Mr. Bushby's culpability,'' Sadler told court. He said the Crown does not have to prove Bushby's act was the only cause of Kentner's death, just that it was a significant factor, and he argued Dr. Toby Rose's testimony proved that argument beyond a reasonable doubt. Witnesses who were with Bushby when the assault happened testified that he was drunk at the time and laughed after he threw the hitch. Melissa Kentner, the victim's sister, has testified she remembered someone hanging out of a vehicle saying ``I got one'' after her sister was hit. Bushby's defence lawyer George Joseph has argued that there is no legal link between the as-

5 X 6.5

sault and Kentner's death months later. During his cross-examination of Rose, who performed the autopsy on Kentner, Joseph referenced Kentner's medical history, arguing that she could have died on the same date from liver disease. Rose agreed with Joseph that another professional might have come to a different conclusion about Kentner's cause of death, but stood by her assessment that Kentner died when she did because of the trailer hitch injury. Joseph argued on Thursday that while he's ``certain'' that his client threw the hitch at Kentner, he can't know for sure that Bushby's conduct is the reason she died. ``What I am uncertain of is what finally took Barbara Kentner's life. I don't know what killed her, and at the core of it, neither does Dr. Rose,'' Joseph told court. The Crown cited the ``thin skull'' legal principle, meaning that Bushby is still culpable for the

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outcome of his actions even though Kentner was sick with liver disease and more likely to die from her injury. Sadler encouraged Justice Helen M. Pierce to pick up and hold the heavy trailer hitch that was submitted as evidence at the trial to consider the foreseeable outcome of throwing it at a person. ``In my submission there isn't anything that has happened in this case that would remove Mr. Bushby's moral culpability,'' Sadler argued. Bushby had been charged with second-degree murder after Kentner died, but it was later changed to manslaughter and aggravated assault. Sadler told court this week that the indictment was changed because of space limitations in Thunder Bay that made a jury trial impossible in the city during the COVID-19 pandemic. He said it was a priority for the trial to proceed

this fall, and that the ``only way'' for that to happen was to have a trial by judge alone, which ``could not happen, in this case,

on the charge of murder.'' The judge is expected to deliver the decision on Dec. 14.

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November 18th, 2020

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Is there a First Nation Indigenous Definition of “Freedom?” RACHEL A. SNOW



First Nation Indigenous people are the descendants of the original land owners/holders in North America. It is necessary to state that the original people are the landowners because if it is stated that First Nations are landholders or stewards, then that wording becomes a refutable fact for mainstream to undermine. The constant need to define First Nation Indigenous thinking after five hundred years is getting tedious and tiresome. The lack of understanding of First Nation viewpoints limits our freedom. The lack of understanding of First Nation peoples limits our humanity. How long will this remain acceptable? In Canada, while onlookers were horrified at the reality show emerging in the United States, they were careful to always reassure themselves that things are “not that bad in Canada.” We do not have a “George Floyd” story. Canadians need to be educated on First Nation Indigenous stories. We have stories that may be greater atrocities then what happened to Mr. Floyd. We have the story of Betty Ann Osborne, Neil Stonechild and the Starlight tours, Cindy Gladue, Colten Boushie, Tina Fontaine, Adam Capay, and most recently Barbara Kentner, who have all been victims in a systemically racist “justice” system. These First Nation Indigenous people were treated as less than human. In two trials, both Cindy Gladue’s

and Barbara Kentner’s trials; body part examinations have Indigenous women depicted as specimens rather than human beings. Canadians do not want to hear about wrongful First Nation treatment. After generations of ignorance and being taught historically one-sided stories, Canadians can’t seem to hear the truth. Instead Canadians lap up Trudeau government lies about reconciliation and rights recognition acts as somehow exonerating their government, their system and their history of inflicting harms and genocide for generations. This is the truth. The laws of this land (apparently made for the good governance of all) are systemically racist. If there is federal legislation called the “Indian” Act, then there is a problem. If one Canadian does not know that they are the treaty partners “living in freedom” because of First Nation benevolence then they are not learning how this land came to be settled. So it’s not over. If settlers agreed to live peaceably on this land, and to respect the “right to life” for the Indigenous: what is the problem? The problem is the story. Instead of learning about the beauty and generosity of the original peoples, settlers have learned that their ancestors stumbled upon heathen savages. Instead of learning that the American constitution was based on the longhouse of the Eastern tribes, North Americans learn about manifest destiny and the doctrine of discovery. Canada and the United States are countries that relied upon the resources

of the land to develop their nation states. The United States has had a story line of greatness since they beat the British out of America. The United States can’t have greatness if they built their “greatness” on the hardship, suffering or genocide of others. Canada is finding out a similar truth. In both countries, the notion of freedom is skewed. It does not mean freedom for all. It means freedom for white society and notions of “freedom” for everyone else. This notion of freedom is tied to the land and control of land. The land has become property for both governing peoples north or south or the border. The idea of capitalism to - take and take is no longer a feasible system because there are limits to land, water, and resources. The Indigenous worldview of living in harmony with all things is now better understood, especially by a younger global generation that sees the negative effects of capitalism. For life to be sustainable, all must work and live in the same mind space. There cannot be a country that takes and bullies. With global technology, the effects of nuclear waste or water that needs reclamation in one country will affect the ocean and water cycles for all people. Where is Canada on this? Canada in its greed and haste moved First Nation peoples onto inhabitable lands and five hundred years later, there are still First Nation communities without proper drinking water. There are still First Nation communities that have no roads, infrastructure or proper housing for all their

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people. How is this “living in freedom”? Meanwhile in British Colombia, Canada is tripping over their own feet in efforts to leave land claims unsettled while provincial governments strip the land of resources so that the Indigenous voice is quelled or subjugated. This is why the Indian Act legislation is relevant. It restricts the freedoms of the First Nation peoples. In territories such as Yukon, First Nation Indigenous have been in negotiations for years to settle their land issues. Dealing

with Canada has not allowed the Yukon to keep their original governance or lifestyles intact. A recent court case has shown First Nation Indigenous in the Yukon that dealing with Canada means falling under Canada’s definitions, laws and rules for what fairness or freedom means. Is this freedom? Canada sighed with relief at Trump’s defeat. First Nation Indigenous peoples are still holding their collective breaths. They are waiting for resolution on outstanding land claims, water adviso-


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May 1st

Application Deadline for Fall or Fall/Winter semester(s) Apply on-line! Winter Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students. Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. Summer course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due.

12:05 am May 2nd to 9 am July 1st – The On-Line Application on the GRPSEO Website is not available. Aug 1st

Oct. 1st

Official transcripts are due from students funded for any of the three previous application periods (Summer/Fall/Winter). Community Service Activity forms are due from first-time funded students (funded for any of the three previous application periods -Summer/Fall/Winter). Due to COVID – 19 THE DEADLINE FOR completed community service activity forms are NOW due August 1st, 2021 from 1st time funded students. Please contact your Funding Advisor for more information. For all APPROVED FALL applications - Any documentation that was requested by the Funding Advisor to be submitted to GRPSEO by August 1, (as outlined in the “Check List of Required Documentation” form provided to the applicant), and not received by this deadline date will result in CANCELLATION of the approved application and loss of funding. Application Deadline for Winter semester – Apply on-line! Summer Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students. Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. Fall course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due. STUDENTS MUST APPLY ON- LINE BY SPECIFIED DEADLINE LATE APPLICATIONS WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED Please, check the local newspapers, our website at www.grpseo.org FaceBook or give us a call at (519) 445-2219 for more information.


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ries, fair treatment in the Canadian justice system, and full payment for past wrongs for residential or day school abuses. They are waiting to live in higher world health indexes alongside other Canadians, and finally, they are waiting for the full implantation of International Treaty covenants. This is how the First Nation Indigenous will be free. When First Nation Indigenous peoples return to living, caretaking the land and sustaining the global landscape, they will finally be back on their path to living freely.

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November 18th, 2020






Wi-Fi Towers provide wireless connections to the Internet in areas where wired internet connections are not readily available. The present internet coverage in Six Nations does not currently meet the needs of our community, and the existing towers no longer meet Canadian Standards Association (CSA Standards). The Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council (SNGR) in partnership with the Six Nations of the Grand River Development Corporation (SNGRDC), and Xplornet are implementing a solution that would replace the existing Internet towers and include the construction of three new towers in the areas of “Sixty-Nine Corner”, “Stoneridge”, and “Beavers Corner”.










The current internet coverage includes 68% of the community. By upgrading the current technology and installing new towers it will take the community from 68% coverage to 98% coverage.




Internet service reliability and performance will be greatly enhanced with licensed (dedicated) technology. The enhanced service and performance will assist our Six Nations Learners and workers currently learning or working from home during the pandemic.







A6N will complete the construction of the project, which will lead to increased employment opportunities for Six Nations Trades people.



VIRTUAL COMMUNITY INFORMATION SESSIONS Participate in one of our six virtual information sessions hosted through Zoom to learn more about the Internet Towers Project.


November 30, 2020

9 am - 10 am


December 7, 2020

12 pm - 1 pm


December 14, 2020

5 pm - 6 pm

Given the current pandemic, all information sessions will be done online.


December 3, 2020

9 am - 10 am


December 10, 2020

12 pm - 1 pm

To register for these virtual community information sessions please contact internettowerquestions@sixnations.ca.


December 17, 2020

5 pm - 6 pm

FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE PROJECT, CONTACT US: Visit our website at www.sixnations.ca/SNInternetTowersProject Email us at internettowerquestions@sixnations.ca or call us at 519-445-2201

The Internet Towers Project is made possible by various financial contributions from: Two Rivers, Six Nations of the Grand River Economic Development Trust, Six Nations of the Grand River Development Corporation, Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council, and Xplornet.



INDEPENDENT FIRST NATIONS IS HIRING! The IFN’s are seeking a highly motivated

and dynamic individuals to fulfill the responsibilities of the various positions on behalf of twelve IFN communities. IFN PROTOCOL ADVISOR

Description: Under the direction of the IFN Leadership and the oversight of the IFN Intergovernmental Affairs Coordinator the IFN Protocol Advisor will work as a Team with the IFN Social Team to develop or revise a Protocol with their local Children’s Aid Societies / Child & Family Services Agencies or Indigenous Child Well-Being Authority.


Description: The Independent First Nations Systems Planning Policy Project Advisor will work with a team and provide briefings on child welfare issues, First Nation and other government legislation, policies, and liaison services including information sharing, and work to collect, implement and complete an environmental scan of the IFN First Nations child welfare landscape to make recommendations to the Ministry of Children, Community and Social Services that will enhance the Indigenous Child and Youth Strategy , and First Nation community service delivery capacity.


Description: The Independent First Nations Education Staff will provide supervisory oversite of and support to the PostSecondary Engagement Coordinator position to insure they will successfully fulfill the tasks included in the job Roles and Responsibilities.


Description: The Independent First Nations Intergovernmental Affairs Coordinator will provide direct oversite of the IFN Executive Administrative Assistant position.

November 18th, 2020

'Stop being so nice': Councillor says racist homelessness comments SLAVE LAKE — A northern Alberta councillor says she is deeply sorry for recommending her town stop feeding and ``being so nice'' to its Indigenous homeless population. At a Sept. 8 council meeting, Slave Lake Coun. Joy McGregor gave a five-minute update on the homeless population in the town, about 250 kilometres northwest of Edmonton. In a video of the meeting posted on YouTube, McGregor said that Slave Lake's homeless population is made up of Indigenous people from nearby communities, including Trout, Loon, Atikameg and Wabasca. She didn't cite any evidence to back that up. ``They're not even from our community,'' said McGregor, who has been sitting on Slave Lake's council since 2016. ``We need to work to get them home. We need to stop being so nice to them. We need to stop feeding them. We need to stop doing all these wonderful things. ``I know that that sounds

horrible, and there'll be people that will be all over down my throat for it, but they have to be accountable.'' During her update, McGregor also said police don't do enough to get rid of homeless people who are using a local college's phone charging stations. She also said homeless people are stealing hand sanitizer and drinking it. A 500-word apology was posted on McGregor's Facebook page Monday addressed to ``the community.'' ``I acknowledge that I have upset many people by using language that was inconsiderate,'' t heapology reads. ``If I had the language that I now know I need to learn, I would have approached this situation completely different. I am deeply sorry to you all and those affected by poor choice of language and the feelings you have felt since the September town council meeting.'' McGregor's Sept. 8 comments came to light after

a Nov. 3 Slave Lake council decision that denied an application by the non-profit Native Friendship Centre to rezone a building owned by the province in Slave Lake. The plan by the centre was to include transitional housing in the building. The Driftpile Cree Nation said it was ``deeply disappointed'' with the decision. ``We recognize that Treaty 8 territory suffers from a serious homelessness problem and we have a significant interest in resolving this pressing issue,'' reads a letter from the First Nation. ``We are and continue to be deeply disappointed by the lack of partnership shown by the town of Slave Lake in this regard and the us/them attitude demonstrated by the town council. ``What is manifesting as homelessness and/or drug and alcohol addiction today is the direct result of our people's forced disconnection from our land, culture and community by Canadian colonization,'' the letter says.

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Description: Under the direction of the IFN Leadership and the oversight of the IFN Intergovernmental Affairs Coordinator, the Independent First Nations Education Staff will provide supervisory oversite of and support to the Education Intern position to insure they will successfully fulfill the tasks included in the job Roles and Responsibilities.


Description: Under the direction of the IFN Leadership and the oversight of the IFN Intergovernmental Affairs Coordinator the IFN Child Welfare Advisor will work in a Team with the IFN Social Child Welfare Advisor Mentor to implement local community and family well-being strategies by providing culturally appropriate prevention services and practices. The Child Welfare Advisor will work with the IFN First Nation Leadership, Department Managers / Directors, the Child Advocates (Band Representatives), local Family Well-Being Committees and Youth to ensure First Nations maintain jurisdiction and their inherent responsibility to care for their children and youth. This includes a review of current issues impacting First Nation communities such as federal and provincial legislation, policies and practices.


Diane Maracle Intergovernmental Affairs Coordinator 50 Generations Drive, Box 8, Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 DianeMN@ifnc.ca • Tel: (519) 732-5980 • Fax: (905) 765-2224

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November 18th, 2020



'It only takes one:' COVID 19 cases continue to surge among Western Nations CANADIAN PRESS



WINNIPEG — David Monias has barely slept in weeks. The Pimicikamak Cree Nation chief says his phone rings off the hook day and night from people fearful the COVID-19 pandemic is silently spreading into the isolated northern Manitoba reserve. ``This is a war,'' Monias says. ``But it's a different type of war. It's not an enemy you can see.'' There's been a massive surge of COVID-19 infections in Manitoba over the last few months, prompting increased restrictions and stark warnings from health officials. In recent weeks, a significant proportion of those new cases have been in First Nations populations. The Manitoba First Nations COVID-19 Pandemic Response Coordination Team reported Friday there were 838 active COVID-19 cases among First Nations people _ 20 per cent of all active cases in the province. Of those, 442 are on reserves. Pimicikamak, which is also known as Cross Lake, was one of the first reserves to declare a state of emergency and go into lock down when COVID-19 first emerged in Manitoba in the spring. The community is all too aware what can happen if a deadly pandemic creeps in, Monias says. About 46 per cent of the First Nation's population was killed during the 1918 Spanish Flu. ``We remember that,'' Monias says with a stern tone. ``We have to make sure that doesn't happen again.'' Many other Indigenous communities have the similar haunting memory. A mass grave for those who died of the Spanish Flu in Sagkeeng First Nation, just north of Winnipeg, also serves as a reminder for its members. Monias says this past summer went by with very few cases of COVID-19 in the province, and none in its northern region. Caution began to wane. A funeral in October

changed everything for Pimicikamak. Unknown to those mourning, the chief says, a person who attended the funeral from outside the community was infected. ``It only takes one,'' Monias says with a deep sigh. COVID-19 had gotten in. About 6,000 people currently live on the reserve and, as of last week, hundreds were isolating, the chief says. At least 32 people linked to the funeral tested positive. One of those confirmed cases is a man who lived with 20 other people, Monias says. The man and many others were flown out of the community to alternative isolation accommodations, because of a lack of room and access to proper health services. Dr. Marcia Anderson, a member of the First Nations COVID-19 task force, says the growing rates of COVID-19 among First Nations people is not related to genetics and there is no evidence First Nations are less compliant with public health rules compared to non-Indigenous people. Rather, she says, the high proportion of Indigenous COVID-19 cases is due to ``historic, current and ongoing inequitable access to the underlying determinants of health.'' First Nations people are more likely to live in overcrowded and inadequate housing with poor ventilation. They experience higher rates of income insecurity, which impacts their ability to avoid risk. They also have less access to health care, which has been linked to higher rates of underlying chronic conditions. Anderson adds that data is also starting to show more severe outcomes for First Nations people with COVID-19. Last week in Manitoba, there were 42 First Nations people in hospital with COVID-19 _ 26 per cent of provincial hospitalizations. Nine of them were in intensive care. They ranged in age from 19 to 82. Federal Indigenous Services Minister Marc Miller warned at the start of October that the second wave of COVID-19 would hit Indigenous communities harder. At that time,

there were 123 active cases on reserves across the country. As of Thursday, there were 542. More than 80 per cent of those cases were in Manitoba. NDP member of Parliament Niki Ashton, who represents the northern Manitoba riding of Churchill-Keewatinook Aski, wrote a letter Friday calling on the chief provincial public health officer to consider increasing restrictions for the area. The test positivity rate of First Nations people in Manitoba is at 11 per

cent. It's about nine per cent for Winnipeg _ which was placed in red on the pandemic response scale last week. ``I am hearing from many communities that there is the real potential for a major outbreak in northern Manitoba,'' Ashton wrote. ``We have already seen a number of community outbreaks and there is a very real concern that this could spread to other communities very rapidly.''

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Early 1800s Mohawk leader Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant) authorizes sale and lease of some parcels. Many settlers are squatters. Six Nations petition the Crown and ask for their removal.


1841 Samuel Jarvis, chief superintendent of Indian Affairs, tells the Six Nations that the Crown will not forcefully evict the 2,000 squatters. Caledonia’s population is about 300.

He proposes that the Haudenosaunee surrender their lands to the Crown to prevent further encroachment in return for cash and a 20,000-acre reserve.

The Crown obtains the disputed “general surrender” under those terms after six chiefs sign the document. Fifty-one chiefs and warriors protest the surrender



1835 A founding figure, Ranald McKinnon arrives along with the Grand River Navigation Company in future-Caledonia. Squatting on Haldimand Tract increases.

1830s Crown approaches the Six Nations to build a “plank road” through their territory. Six Nations agree to lease the land. (The plank road later becomes Argyle St. and Highway 6 in Caledonia, where several blockades and protests occur throughout the 21st century)




Six Nations oppose influx of settlers

Lieutenant governor of Upper Canada, John Graves Simcoe, issues a patent upholding the Proclamation. But the new patent doesn’t include the Grand River headwaters, reducing the territory size. (almost in half)

(https://indigenousfoundations.arts.ubc.ca/royal_ proclamation_1763/)

1793 Haudenosaunee leaders say the Haldimand Proclamation grants them freehold title to the land. The Crown disagrees.

1784 Sir Frederick Haldimand, governor of Quebec, grants 950,000 acres (acquired by treaty from the Mississauga) to the Six Nations as a settlement: “six miles deep” from either side of the Grand River. It is commonly called the Haldimand Tract.

1775-83 The Six Nations ally with the British during the American Revolution, losing a significant piece of their territory in present day New York as a result. (34.916 million acres)






Allies of the Crown


This Information Package is put forth to our members of Six Nations of the Grand River Territory to come together as one mind, and for the purpose of revealing RELEVANT FACTS so that the community of people, can respond as informed community members.

Anniversary of the Haldimand Deed, October 25th, 2020.

Researched, studied and presented by Mohawk elder and teacher Tehahenteh © Six Nations of the Grand River Territory.

Harper gives Williams, who self-represents in court, an ultimatum: Dismantle the camp and be allowed to participate in future court hearings or flout the order and be preventing from attending.


(Aptn NATIONAL NEWS report, October 2020)

Oct. 9 Court extends injunctions again. A police affidavit says police are wary of removing camp occupants a second time, calling force “a blunt instrument that cannot resolve the issues underlying land disputes of this nature.”

Sept. 16 Arrests continue. OPP release the names of 22 people charged in connection to the occupation or blockades.

Aug. 25 Court extends both injunctions. Spokesperson for the action Skyler Williams is identified as a “protest leader” and named on the injunction.

Aug. 22 The last of the main blockade outside Kanonhstaton is removed.

People erect a support camp on Kanonhstaton, across the street from access road into McKenzie Meadows.

Aug. 21 The community dismantles most of the barricades. The Highway 6 bypass reopens. Trains start moving.

Aug. 19 Federal ministers Marc Miller and Carolyn Bennett offer to resume negotiations in a letter sent to traditional and elected chiefs.

Aug. 15 Confederacy chiefs publicly support the occupation.









Aug. 7 Justice John Harper extends Foxgate’s injunction. He also grants an injunction to Haldimand County that orders the roadblocks dismantled.

Six Nations people respond with a tire fire and barricade outside the gates of Kanonhstaton. People shut down CN tracks and blockade the Highway 6 bypass.



Aug. 5 The Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) enforce the injunction. Police use a taser and rubber bullets to clear the property and arrest nine people.


July 30 Foxgate Developments obtains an injunction ordering the camp dismantled.

The subdivision is across town but linked to Kanonhstaton through a hydro and pipeline easement access road.

· ·

July 19, 2020 Six Nations members occupy a construction site at 1535 McKenzie Rd., renaming it 1492 Land Back Lane.


McKenzie Meadows dispute

Developments acquires land from a numbered company.

In the report of Michael Coyle, the Canadian governments ‘fact finder’ at Caledonia on April 7, 2006, Michael Coyle writes “ It should also be noted that in many cases, no surrender was actually

‘iii) A breach of an obligation arising out of government administration of Indian funds or other assets.’

Now let’s look at…

120. According to the minutes of the meeting on December 18, 1844, 47 Chiefs were present, however, only 45 signatures appear on the minutes. In Cross-examination, Ms. Holmes agreed that, “they [the 47 or 45 chiefs] are not all Chiefs of Council. They are not all the Chiefs of the Six Nations…” Further, she agreed that,

(references noted on each section)

On these dates, the Six Nations failed to agree to surrender these lands.

117. The December 13, 1844 minutes indicate that the position to surrender the lands in question was previously put to the Six Nations at meetings held on October 17th, 24th and 31st.

Council meetings 1844

‘Indian bands’ meaning those Nations under Canadian government installations known as elected council. So, the elected council is the instrument that brings in ‘specific land claims policy’ as this is the legislation that extinguishes our rights as Nations and entrenches ‘4th level of indigenous government and permanent subjugation of First Nations.’ This imposes municipal status plus land taxes.

113. However, the validity of the 1841 surrender is not determinative since the experts appear to be in agreement that if the lands were surrendered in 1841, any ostensible surrender was rescinded on October 4, 1843.

(Reference: Johnston Report, Part II, paras. 26-29, 38 and Appendix “C”, Expert Compendium, Tab 6)

112. Professor Johnston does not accept the instrument dated January 18, 1841 as demonstration a valid surrender because there is no evidence as to whether this instrument was ever approved by Order in Council.

Turning to page 44 of the AMICUS report;

Going back to 2006 during talks with Canadian government negotiators, the government agents relied on two alleged general surrenders of 1841 and 1844. The Superior Court of Justice ordered an AMICUS to clarify the matter and is a Court File No. CV-08-334.

140. Any Proclamation which is authorized by any Act of the Legislature of the Province of Canada to be issued under the Great Seal of the Province of Canada, whether relating to that Province, or to Upper Canada, or to Lower Canada, and which is not issued before the Union, may be issued by the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario or of Quebec, as its Subject Matter requires, under the Great Seal thereof; and from and after the Issue of such Proclamation the same and the several Matters and Things therein proclaimed shall be and continue of the like Force and Effect in Ontario or Quebec as if the Union had not been made. (71)

Marginal note: As to issue of Proclamations after Union

139. Any Proclamation under the Great Seal of the Province of Canada issued before the Union to take effect at a Time which is subsequent to the Union, whether relating to that Province, or to Upper Canada, or to Lower Canada, and the several Matters and Things therein proclaimed, shall be and continue of like Force and Effect as if the Union had not been made. (70)

As to issue of Proclamations before Union, to commence after Union

Constitution Act

Canada Constitution Act - 1982

The Canadian government’s policy on specific claims is that it will recognize claims by Indian bands’… and notice the same wording ‘specific claims. Also notice

Let us look at ‘Lawful Obligation.

g. appoint a commissioner to address outstanding land claims and gradually terminate existing treaties

f. provide funding for economic development

e. transfer responsibility for Indian affairs from the federal government to the province and integrate these services into those provided to other Canadian citizens

d. convert reserve land to private land that can be sold by the band or its members

c. abolish the Indian Act

b. dissolve the Department of Indian affairs within five years

a. eliminate Indian status

The White paper of 1969 proposed to:

http://epe.lac-bac.gc.ca/100/200/301/inac-ainc/indian_policy-e/ cp1969_e.pdf

Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian Policy – White Paper 1969

With these concepts in mind, we must make ourselves aware of the language being used by government, specifically the words, ‘specific land claims policy’ which means the extinguishment of our rights given by creation. Under these words we no longer exist as Onkwehón:we ( Real People) allies to the Crown, but become subjugated to the lowest form of citizen in Canada without equal rights compared to other subjects. Basically, it is the same agenda as the ‘white paper’ of 1969, which is extinguishment of rights, as opposed to being Nations and allies of the Crown.

Under this federal policy, breaches of these obligations or “specific claims” give rise to negotiation and compensation.

of Indian reserve land by employees or agents of the federal government, in cases where the fraud can be clearly demonstrated.

Plank Road and dispossession of land at 1492 Land Back Lane

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1923 Deskaheh (Levi General), a Cayuga hereditary chief, travels through Europe seeking international recognition for the Haudenosaunee.


Crown closes all claims after the Six Nations sue Canada and Ontario for an accounting of all cash, land or assets owed as a result of alleged misdealing along the Grand River.


2015 McKenzie Meadows developer Foxgate

Community consultation rejects McKenzie Meadows project. Elected council decides not to support it.



2013-14 Direct action, protests, blockades and occupations resume. The Confederacy constructs a large gate, emblazoned with purple and white Haudenosaunee flags across it, at the entrance to Kanonhstaton.

2009 Talks sputter. The Six Nations reactivate their accounting claim, led by the elected council. A trial is scheduled for October 2022, the council says.

2007-08 Canada, Ontario and Six Nations hold talks on the conflict. The traditional system, the Haudenosaunee Confederacy Chiefs Council (HCCC), leads the way.

Ontario buys the land from Henco Industries to cool tensions. The land remains in Ontario’s name held in trust.

2006 Six Nations people occupy the Douglas Creek Estates (DCE) subdivision, renaming it Kanonhstaton (Mohawk for “The Protected Place”). It becomes one of the longest, most expensive and bitterest First Nations land occupations in Canadian history, marked by violent police raid and clashes between Six Nations people and Caledonians.

2004-05 Six Nations pause their lawsuit to explore negotiations with Canada and Ontario.

2003 A developer submits a draft subdivision plan for McKenzie Meadows.








Douglas Creek Estates conflict

(“Six Nations did not receive full and fair compensation for the lands sold.” Ottawa closed this and all other unsettled claims after the nations sued Ontario and Canada 1995.)

Claim No. 16 is for the former Oneida Township, which includes McKenzie Meadows.



Claim No. 5 includes the Douglas Creek Estates land, which was reclaimed in 2006.

1980-95 The Six Nations launch 29 land claims against the Crown.



1959 RCMP quash a revolt by hereditary chiefs who attempt to reinstate traditional government.


(https://indigenousfoundations.arts.ubc.ca/the_indian_ act/#amendments)

1927 Government makes it illegal for bands under the Indian Act to hire lawyers to advance legal claims against Canada.

1924 RCMP depose the traditional government and install an Indian Act elective system. Police seize wampums and lock chiefs out of their council hall.



Traditional government banned, land claims begin

1867 The British North America Act – See Section 139

1853 Crown sells the future McKenzie Meadows land to Thomas Nicholls. The grant explains that the parcel in Oneida Township is Six Nations reserve land and that proceeds will go to the Six Nations. (There is no evidence that the proceeds were deposited into Six Nations trust fund.)

1850 Crown passes a proclamation setting the Six Nations reserve at its current size, approximately 47,000 acres (19,020 hectares) or less than 5 per cent of the original Haldimand Tract.




a month later, saying Jarvis coerced or manipulated those who signed.

ii) Fraud in connection with the acquisition or disposition

i) Failure to provide compensation for reserve lands taken or damaged by the federal government or any of its agencies under authority.

2) Beyond Lawful Obligation In addition to the foregoing, the government is prepared to acknowledge claims which are based on the following circumstances:

iv) An illegal disposition of Indian land.

iii) A breach of an obligation arising out of government administration of Indian funds or other assets.

ii) A breach of an obligation arising out of the Indian Act or other statutes pertaining to Indians and the regulations thereunder.

i) The non-fulfillment of a treaty or agreement between Indians and the Crown.

1) Lawful Obligation The government’s policy on specific claims is that it will recognize claims by Indian bands which disclose an outstanding “lawful obligation”, i.e., an obligation derived from the law on the part of the federal government. A lawful obligation may arise in any of the following circumstances:

Specific land claim resolution is in essence, righting a wrong. As set out in the Specific Claims policy, there are “lawful obligations” and “beyond lawful obligations” that if breached, provide grounds for a valid claim and the reasonable expectation that a settlement should be made. Under the 1982 ‘Outstanding Business - A Native Claims Policy’ there is a clear articulation of such an obligation:

The following are the words set in motion by the Trudeau leadership (Pierre Elliot)

The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples

Aboriginal peoples have not been simply the passive victims of this process. They have used any means at their disposal to halt the relentless shrinkage of their land base. From an Aboriginal perspective, treaties were one means to that end. But Aboriginal people insist that the Crown has failed to uphold those agreements and has generally broken faith with them. And since the nineteenth century, they have continuously protested – to government officials, to parliamentary inquiries, and the courts – what they see as the resulting inequity in the distribution of lands and resources in this country… Conflict over lands and resources remains the principal source of friction in relations between Aboriginal and other Canadians. If that friction is not resolved, the situation can only get worse.

There are also the ‘colonial’ views of lands which is based upon ownership, extraction of resources for profit without consideration to the consequence, or any visible expression of concern. The Canadian government relies on the colonial doctrines of discovery, claiming that they have obtained underlying title to the land at the declaration of British Crown sovereignty. The Canadian state’s development and implementation of its racist construct of our territories and resources vesting in the Crown is a continuation of racism and racial discrimination against our Nations leading to a denial of our rights in our territories.

Does this suggest that an officer of the federal government was a member of Six Nations, or that the land was first surrendered to the Crown?

(Report of The Standard, by Grant LaFleche, Fri., Sept. 4, 2020)

In court documents, Foxgate the developer of McKenzie Meadows, argued the land was no longer Haudenosaunee territory because it had been sold in 1853 by a Canadian Indian Agent – an officer of the federal government of the day and not a representative of the Haudenosaunee – to a private buyer.

So, is this a breach of Indian funds or failure to provide compensation, or a breach of an obligation arising out of government administration of Indian funds or other assets. Perhaps it was only ‘fraud in connection with the acquisition or disposition of Indian reserve land by employees or agents of the federal government.’

In reference to Plank Road, including that known today as 1492 Land Back Lane, which is situated in Oneida Township, however there are no government records of deposit to Indian Trust funds from the Crown on this alleged surrender.

c. Six Nations people were to enjoy free and undisturbed ownership of the lands noted in the Simcoe Patent under the protection of the Crown.

b. Six Nations could sell, gift or exchange lands with other members of Six Nations but not to Non-Six Nations people unless there was first a surrender to the Crown

a. the Six Nations could not alienate any of their land except by surrender to the Crown at a public meeting of the chiefs, warriors, and people of the Six Nations;

Under the Simcoe Patent the following terms are set out:

The Simcoe Patent 1793

States in part …. “in His Majesty’s name authorise and permit the said Mohawk Nation and such others of the Six Nation Indians as wish to settle in that quarter to take possession of and settle upon the banks of the River called Ours [Ouse] or Grand River running into Lake Erie, allotting them for that purpose six miles deep from each side of the river beginning at Lake Erie and extending in that proportion to the head of the said river, which them and their posterity are to enjoy for ever.” [Emphasis added]

Haldimand Proclamation 1784

As to issue of proclamations before union to commence after union 139 Any proclamation under the Great Seal of the Province of Canada issued before the Union to take effect at a time which is subsequent to the Union whether relating to that province or to Upper Canada or to Lower Canada and the several matters and things therein proclaimed shall be and continue of like force and effect as if the Union has not been made. B.N.A. 1867, 30 Victoria, c.3, s.139.

Section 139 British North America Act

The Royal Proclamation was never repealed and continues today as part of the law in force in Ontario and Canada and therefore binds the Crown.

d. private persons could not purchase unceded Indian lands from Indians.

d. private persons could not possess or own unceded Indian lands;

c. private persons could not settle on unceded Indian lands;

b. colonial governments could not grant unceded Indian lands;

a. Indian lands could only be granted if the lands were surrendered or ceded by the Indians to the Crown;

This document sets out the following:

It is observed that there are two opposing views regarding land on Turtle Island, and these views have created a wide divide in peaceful coexistence. In the traditional view, land and everything upon the land are living, and is cherished as a relationship of love, respect, honour and is crucial to the survival and well-being of the people. The people wish to continue this sacred relationship as it represents the future based on a history that has sustained our people since the beginning of time. This relationship is observed daily in what is known as Kanonhweratónhtshera, which may be described as ‘a giving of acknowledgement and partnership coming from our consciousness, from the energy of heart felt gratitude and expressed audibly to all gathered in assembly, sending these words of vibration to each part of nature here on earth and to each part of the cosmos’.

Furthermore, the purported 1841 surrender does not meet the requirements for the lawful alienation of Indian lands as stipulated in…

made, or as in the case of the purported 1841 surrender, bribery and duress were potential factors.” [Emphasis added]

The Royal Proclamation of 1763

Oct. 22 Injunctions are made permanent by the court, and Skylar Williams was not allowed to participate in proceedings. OPP presents on territory antagonizes situation. Barricades go up again.



Added recent developments

Let us tie our arrows together as one and let our voices be heard.

Furthermore, our constitution Kayaneren’kó:wa, states that when the leadership of the community is not carrying out the wishes of the community of people, then it is up to the community to take action on their own.

I would also conclude that we as a community should first petition our traditional Chiefs and Clan Mothers along with Elect Band Council to insist that a moratorium on all commercial development be placed on lands that are coming into litigation. I have been told that the accounting litigation of 1995 is scheduled to be heard in 2022. That would then remove the threat of being arrested, repair could begin on the damaged roads and railway, and our neighbours would not be inconvenienced because the Federal Government has shirked its fiduciary responsibility in these matters for such a long time.

Considering this information, I would conclude that the land was not sold and the sorted matter of squatter sale to a third party is not a valid sale, morally or legally. It seems to be a thin argument used to dispossess land, and the court is using this argument to legitimize an injunction and criminalize defenders of the land.

Personal comment, regarding 1492 Land Back Lane

It has been said that “Hopefully, it will be the last time our people have to go through anything like this. The message to Canada is that it must now deal with the issue of our land and the trust (fund) that they have never been accountable for, it must honour our treaties, accept responsibility for its own abuses against our people, deal with the theft of our land and resources, and righting the wrongs in an acceptable time frame. The lands claim process designed by Government through the department of Indian affairs is a scam. The whole process is designed not to protect our interests in the land, but to continue to sell land that they deem ‘surplus crown land’ (meaning any land that belongs to our people that they want or can use/sell) and nowhere in the process is it ever intended to return land, they only want to get out the check book and it is usually that is AFTER development. This is no longer acceptable and must be stopped”.

Flashback Douglas Creek Estates now known as Kanonhstaton

Over the years the colonial title has been transferred and sold to others.

McKenzie Meadows is located in the Haldimand track known as the Oneida Township. Squatters were moving in various areas of the Haldimand tract including the area that is presently under debate. According to squatters’ rights being recognized at that time, there was a requirement to occupy the land for a period of ten years or more. The squatter who occupied this piece of land sold the Land to a Thomas Nicholls family after having only occupied the land for five years. The Nicholls had friends who worked in land registry, and together they called on the Crown issue them a title for the land, and the Crown granted the petition, according to records, and various correspondence.

McKenzie Meadows now known as 1492 Land back lane

130. In this case, the negotiations between the Six Nations and the Crown with respect to which lands were surrendered and which were to continue to be reserved occurred within approximately one month of the December 18, 1844 meeting. If the negotiations are combined with the petitions of August 2, 1845 and February 18, 1846, along with the evidence before. This Court that on three prior occasions ( October 17, 24, and 31, 1844) the Six Nations refused to surrender the lands in dispute, an argument may be made that the intervention of the Commissioner and the Superintendent on December 18 had the effect of inducing the Six Nations to agree to surrender the lands in dispute at such time.

(Reference: Holmes Cross-Examination, p. 64, q. 234-235, Expert Compendium, Tab 35.

124. The Crown was prepared to accept the surrender of Crown Lands, but it did not wish to reserve all of the lands that Six Nations asked for in return. Accordingly, there was no deal between the Crown and the six Nations on December 18, 1844 with respect to a surrender of lands. On Cross-examination Ms. Holmes agreed:

aside from what the record states, she could not confirm that all the 45 signatories were even Chiefs. Accordingly, there is no evidence that “all of the Chiefs” (or the warriors or women) as required by the Simcoe Patent agreed to a surrender …



November 18th, 2020

NOTICE OF VIRTUAL PUBLIC INFORMATION CENTRE Downtown Streetscaping Class Environmental Assessment

The Study


The City of Brantford has initiated a Class Environmental Assessment (EA) for streetscaping the Downtown to improve walkability, accessibility, and underground infrastructure to allow for development, enhance the infrastructure for all transportation modes, and increase pedestrian capacity. The goal of the streetscaping improvements is to create a Downtown that is attractive, vibrant and safe for users and provides the infrastructure needed to accommodate expected growth. Illustrations of the proposed study limits have been provided below.

November 30, 2020 at 3:00 PM

PIC boards posted on project webpage with walkthrough video. First question and comment period will be open for two weeks.

December 14, 2020 at 4:30 PM

First question / comment period closes.

December 21, 2020 at 3:00 PM

Question / Answer town hall video posted on project webpage. Second question and comment period will be open for four weeks.

January 15, 2021 at 4:30 PM

Second question / comment period closes.

The Process

January 25, 2021 at 3:00 PM

Consolidated list of questions and answers will be posted on project webpage.

The EA is being undertaken in accordance with the planning and design process for Schedule “C” projects as outlined in the Municipal Class Environmental Assessment document (October 2000, as amended in 2007, 2011 and 2015), which is approved under the Ontario Environmental Assessment Act. This study will define the problem, identify and evaluate alternative solutions to the problem, evaluate alternative design concepts for the solution, and recommend a preferred design concept after assessing potential environmental impacts and identifying mitigation measures associated with the preferred design.

Virtual Public Information Centre

Proposed Study Area:

Map 1 – Full study area

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the City is hosting the first Public Information Centre (PIC) virtually. The virtual PIC will include a video providing information about the EA, findings from the stakeholder workshops, potential cross sections for feedback, and evaluation criteria. All content and instructions on how to submit questions or comments will be available on the project webpage, www.brantford.ca/NewDowntown.

We Want to Hear from You! Additional Information can be found at www.brantford.ca/ NewDowntown. If you have any questions or comments regarding the EA or wish to be added to the EA mailing list, please contact either of the project team members:

Map 2 – Close up of study area, part 1

Gagan Batra City Project Manager City of Brantford 100 Wellington Square Brantford, ON N3T 5R7 T:519-759-4150 x 5426 Email: gbatra@brantford.ca Vince Pugliese, P.Eng., MBA, PMP Consultant Project Manager MTE Consultants Inc. 520 Bingemans Centre Drive Kitchener, ON N2B 3X9 T: 519-743-6500 x 1347 Email: vpugliese@mte85.com

Map 3 – Close up of study area, part 2

This notice first issued on November 19, 2020.

Information collected for the study will be used in accordance with the Municipal Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act. Except for personal information, including your name, address and property location, all comments received throughout the study will become part of the public record and included in project documentation

November 18th, 2020




know the score.

Six Nations Chiefs looking to draw more fan interest

to do more to get fans to come. We have plans for pre-game events next year for the youth, and we will be bringing back the Shoot-o-Rama among other things.”

He also says the team may not be leaving after the 2021 season. “It’s a big ‘if’ — it’s not saying it’s going to happen.” Another issue for this coming season is that

the NLL will overlap this year with the MSL, which obviously could have a negative effect on overall rosters. “Our league is being dictated by three profes-

sional lacrosse leagues,” Jacobs said. “The NLL overlaps our season and the PLL and MLL start in May and run through the summer and impacts on player availability. This year, the NLL is looking at a start-up of April and also running through the summer which could be detrimental not only for our team but many other teams and leagues.” Some current Chiefs players expressed their thoughts on Twitter about the speculation of 2021 being the final season. Brendan Bomberry wrote “When I was a five-yearold kid growing up on Six Nations, there was only ever three things that I wanted: play for the @ SN_Arrows, then the @ SN_Chiefs and onto the @ IRQ_Nationals.” The Chiefs are a proud franchise who pride themselves on winning. In their

this is very surreal for me. I feel like there are many more Indigenous coaches across Canada that are more fitting and deserving," Pellissier-Lush said. “I’m very proud of the recognition and the nomination that I received, and it goes to show the amount of work that you put in over the years that people do see the amount of passion and work ethic that you have and the kids kind of relay that same message.” Recently Pellissier-Lush, along with Veronica McDonald, from Chipewyan First Nation, who coaches

Arctic Sports in Yellowknife, were recognized as the male and female winners at the Petro-Canada Leadership Awards Gala. “I’m so proud and so thankful,” Pellissier-Lush said. “I’m very humbled but I feel that there are other coaches more deserving of this recognition.” Pellissier-Lush had a standout playing career which included such highlights as playing for his Colonel Gray High School, University of Manitoba, where he accomplished the ultimate in 2007 by winning the Vanier Cup and

competing with the Holland College Hurricanes, where he celebrated a couple of Atlantic Football League titles. Making a huge impact within the community, Pellissier-Lush served as the Cornwall Timberwolves’ Varsity team for four years prior to coaching his son (Owen) at the Atom (under 12) this year. Approximately three years ago, Pellissier-Lush dedicated his time and passion towards organizing a flag football team in Abegweit First Nation, which has had exceptional

results. “We started with three or four kids that were super interested in football,” Pellissier-Lush said. “We have almost three full teams of successful flag football teams. And this past year we were very successful and we got our first bronze medal in one of those divisions.” Currently, Pellissier-Lush is still active as he is still playing, working as general manager and owner of the Island Mariners, who are a senior men’s tackle team that competes in the Maritime Football




There has been recent speculation that the 2021 Major Series Lacrosse season could be the last for the Six Nations Chiefs. But Six Nations Chiefs president Duane ‘Dewey’ Jacobs says he is committed to keeping the organization intact. “There’s a lot of speculation over a statement we made on social media,” Jacobs said. “Too much emphasis placed on the ‘may be our last year’. Let me be clear.  We are committed to keeping the organization going but we would like fans to come out and watch our games. We may average 150 per game in a 2,500 seat arena.” Jacobs also went on to add, “We’ll do our best

Six Nations Chiefs president Duane (Dewey) Jacobs is committed to keeping the franchise intact in Six Nations. Next year, the Chiefs are going to have pre-game events for the youth and a shoot OraPHOTO BY BLOGSPOT.COM ma, to try and get more fans at the ILA for games.

franchise history they have celebrated six Mann Cup Championships. They won three straight from 1994-’96, before winning another three in 2013, 2014 and 2016. “In my opinion, the pro leagues not only jeopardize our team but our league,” Jacobs said. “Hopefully we can find a solution which we want to be a part of. We just want the community to come watch. The players want fans to come and cheer or boo. To share in their successes and their failures means a lot. I don’t know what kind of blow to the community it would be. We’re not focusing on that. We’re focused on next year and putting the best team possible on the floor to win a championship. If there is a next year given the fact we are still in a pandemic.”

League. “I felt excited for him,” Owen Pellissier-Lush, his son said. “I’ve learned how to be a leader on the field and how to help my teammates be the best they can be.” Meanwhile Pellissier-Lush has a coaching philosophy that football isn’t only about wins and losses. “It’s about really creating… community leaders and successful adults,” he said. Those words are a true definition of what coaching youth sports is all about. 

Football coach Richard Pellissier-Lush wins national Indigenous Sports Award By Neil Becker

Cornwall Timberwolves’ Atom (Under 12) football coach Richard Pellissier-Lush admitted to feeling shocked about winning the 2020 National Indigenous Coaching Award. Pellissier-Lush, who represents Lennox Island First Nation, recently was honored as the male winner of this award, which goes to those who make a lasting impact to Indigenous sports in Canada. "I have a hard time getting compliments and getting awards and stuff, so





November 18th, 2020

Native American fighter Nicco Montano made UFC history NEIL BECKER



Nicco Montano has officially cemented her legacy as a Native American UFC fighter. Almost three years ago, on December 1, 2017, Montano displayed incredible determination when, with a broken foot, she defeated Roxanne Modafferi to become the first Native American female to win a UFC championship belt. On that night Montando accomplished the ultimate when she won not only the UFC inaugural women’s flyweight division belt, but also a six- figure contract from the UFC. “I’ve finally come to a point in my career where I can be proud of the decision I made to become a

Native American UFC fighter Nicco Montano made history on December 1, 2017, when she became the very first Indigenous fighter to capture the UFC championship. In getting the win, Montano also gets a six -figure contract with the UFC. PHOTO BY UFC.COM

Flyers prospect Roddy Ross dealt to the Regina Pats NEIL BECKER



Roddy Ross is extremely excited to begin his tenure with the Western Hockey League’s Regina Pats. This past season, Ross played in net for the Western Hockey League’s Seattle Thunderbirds where he earned team MVP after posting a 20-21-7 record with a 3.17 G.A.A. Following the season, this 20-year-old goalie from Canoe Lake Cree First Nation was traded in April to Regina which is closer to his home. “It was kind of surprising and quite shocking to be traded,” Ross said right after the trade. “But obviously, that’s just the way it goes with hockey. Anything can happen and where your career takes you is not always in your hands.” Ross, who was selected by the Philadelphia Flyers, sixth round, 169th overall in the 2019 NHL Entry Draft, played one and a half seasons with Seattle before being traded on Wednesday, April 22 to Regina along with an eighth round draft pick. In this blockbuster trade, Seattle

received a second-round pick in the 2020 draft, a fourth round selection in the 2022 draft and a conditional second round pick in 2024. “I am really excited to join the Regina Pats organization,” Ross said. “It’s closer to home and will be a lot easier for my family and for my friends to come see me play.” During his WHL career, Ross competed in 74 games where he has together a 36-26-5-5 record. “Roddy was a great Thunderbird,” Thunderbirds GM Bill La Forge said. “We appreciated everything he did for us, but it’s time to go with the guys who match our windows. To be able to move Roddy and acquire a goalie for the future was something that was exciting for us… it was something we felt we had to jump on. It just made too much sense for us… We were able to get Roddy closer to home and to a good spot for him.” When Ross came to Seattle in January 2019, he shortly afterwards painted his white mask with the Thunderbirds logo, his name, and eagle feathers on the left side of the mask. “It’s a way I can show

my culture and it’s something that I’m very proud of,” Ross said. “I try to show it as much as I can. I know there’s a lot of people back home who like it and they see that I’m not one of those guys who tries to shy away from my culture.” Meanwhile, Ross, who grew up cheering for Montreal Canadiens goalie Carey Price, had nothing but great things to say about his time with the Thunderbirds organization. “I have nothing but good things to say about the team,” Ross said. “I will miss my teammates and the atmosphere of playing in that barn. I’m still excited to play for Regina, but I will miss the Seattle fan base and the support they always showed for us. At the same time, I can’t wait to start with Regina, to meet the team and to, hopefully, make it all the way to a playoff run with them next year as well.” One thing is for sure, there will now be a lot of proud fans in Canoe Lake First Nation sporting the Regina Pats jersey with Roddy Ross number and name proudly stitched on the back.

fighter,” Montano said. Montano, who was 28 years-old at the time, managed not only to shock the world by defeating the heavily favored Modafferi, but did it on a broken foot suffered in training camp. “I’ve worked very, very hard; day in and day out I’ve been in that gym,” Montano said. “I went through this whole camp with a broken foot. I could have just said, “I’m the one with the title shot, I can decide when I want to fight,” but that just shows how much work I’ve put into it.” This 5 foot 5, 125-pound southpaw fighter, with a 65-inch reach, had strung together an impressive 5-0 amateur record, before embarking on her professional career. In making a state-

ment, Montano, who is of Navajo, Chickasaw and Hispanic decent, dominated at King of the Cage, where she was victorious in claiming the KOTC Women’s Flyweight Championship. Eventually, Montano got her big break when in 2017 qualified for The Ultimate Fighter 26 and never looked back. Quickly she made a strong impression as she won her first fight by unanimous decision against the more experienced Lauren Murphy. Riding the momentum, there was no stopping Montano as she recorded unanimous decision wins against Montana Stewart in the quarterfinals and Invicta FC Flyweight Champion Barb Honchak which punched her ticket to the Ultimate Fighter 26 finale. Fighting on that December night, with the inaugural Wom-

en’s Flyweight Championship at stake, Montano not only made UFC history by defeating Modafferi, but she also earned the Fight of the Night bonus. Bursting with pride, the Navajo Nation organized to have a celebration and a potluck to honor the newly crowned champion. “Everybody wanted to come together and put together a parade for me,” she said. “On Sunday December 3, the Navajo Nation president Russell Begaye dubbed it Nicco Montano Day. It’s crazy, but very nice.” Currently, Montano, who no longer has the belt, is next scheduled to meet Karol Rosa on February 6, 2021 in the octagon for UFC Fight Night 189. You can bet that the entire Navajo Nation will be watching their number one fan that night.

Grand River Enterprises is hiring! We are currently looking for resumes for the following positions:

• Machine Technician (Industrial Mechanic License 433A required; 1 to 3 years industrial & mechanical experience, preferably in the food industry)

• Industrial Electrician (Industrial Electrician License

442A or 309A required; 1 to 3 years industrial, electrical & mechanical experience, preferably in the food industry)

• Security Guard (Previous experience preferred; minimum

Ontario “G” Class license and police clearance check required; must be available to work 12-hour shifts)

Applications available at G.R.E. guard shack: 2176 Chiefswood Rd. Ohsweken, ON Please return your application, with resume attached, to the guard shack or Mail to:

P.O. Box 760 Ohsweken, ON N0A 1M0

Fax to:


E-mail to:


*Only successful candidates will be contacted.

November 18th, 2020



Notice of Virtual Public Information Centre (PIC) #1 Oak Park Road Extension Municipal Class Environmental Assessment The City of Brantford, through consulting firm Parsons Inc., is undertaking a Municipal Class Environmental Assessment (EA) Study for the extension of Oak Park Road between the Kramer’s Way / Hardy Road intersection and Colborne Street West. This project is being carried out under the planning and design process for a Schedule C project as outlined in the Municipal Class Environmental Assessment (October 2000, as amended in 2007, 2011 and 2015). The extension is intended to improve overall traffic operations and accommodate population and employment growth in the City by helping to connect communities, alleviate traffic demand on existing local routes, reduce travel times and support future developments. Previous transportation master plans and the most recent Transportation Master Plan (TMP) Update (2014) recommend the extension include a four-lane arterial road with a crossing over the Grand River. This study will build off the Brantford Corridor Study 1981, the recommendations of the City’s TMP Update, and the Oak Park Road Extension Feasibility Study 2019, that evaluated technical alternatives for the Oak Park Road Extension. A Virtual Public Information Centre (PIC) has been arranged to provide an overview of the project, including the EA process, preliminary evaluation of alternative planning solutions and next steps in the project. All PIC content and instructions on how to participate will be posted on the project webpage at www.brantford.ca/OakParkRoad. A Frequently Asked Questions section is also available on the webpage. PIC boards and a video walkthrough of their content will be posted on the project webpage beginning on Friday, November 27, 2020 at 3:00 p.m. This will be followed by a two-week question submission period closing on Friday, December 11, 2020 at 3:00 p.m. A question and answers document will be posted on December 18, 2020 at 3:00 p.m. Information collected for the study will be used in accordance with the Municipal Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act. Except for personal information, including your name, address and property location, all comments received throughout the study will become part of the public record and included in project documentation. This Notice first issued November 19, 2020

If you need any assistance with the Virtual PIC, have any accessibility requirements to participate, or require an alternative form at, please contact one of the Project Team members below. For more information, to provide comments, or to be added to the mailing list, please visit www.brantford.ca/OakParkRoad or contact:

Evie Przybyla, MCIP, RPP

Senior Transportation Project Manager City of Brantford 100 Wellington Square Brantford, ON N3T 2M2 Tel: 519.759.4150 Ext.5379 Email: oakparkroadext@brantford.ca

Marko Paranosic, P.Eng.

Project Manager Parsons Inc. 101-540 Bingemans Center Drive Kitchener, ON N2B 3X9 Tel: 519-340-1078 Email: oakparkroadext@brantford.ca



November 18th, 2020

Residential school survivors call on Ottawa and provinces for monuments STAFF REPORT



Ottawa and provincial and territorial governments must build monuments in capital cities across Canada to honour residential-school survivors and their families, says the director of the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation. Speaking to the House of Commons heritage committee Monday, Stephanie Scott said symbols

are powerful medicine to bring comfort to survivors and to keep their experiences in front of the nation. ``Canadians need to know the truth and understand what happened in order to foster true reconciliation and healing,'' Scott said. ``Commemoration and education are critical to understand the complicated and difficult history that we share as Indigenous and non-Indigenous Canadians.'' Scott said creating a national day to mark truth

and reconciliation is also important, to acknowledge survivors and the human-rights violations they endured. ``We have seen time and time again what a difference education can make to the journey we are all now on together to reconcile our past and create a bright future for all the generations to follow,'' Scott said. Indigenous Services Minister Marc Miller said Monday the federal government has done a lot, but not enough, to honour

survivors. He also said there are difficult memories associated with the sites and buildings where the schools were located, so the federal government should work with Indigenous communities to find the best way to mark the ``painful heritage'' of residential schools. ``There is a great movement to preserve some of those things, and there's some communities that would say, 'We want to get rid of them, we don't want to see them anymore,'''




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Miller said. Sept. 30 is currently Orange Shirt Day, after the experience of Phyllis Webstad, whose gift of clothing from her grandmother was taken away on her first day at a residential school. Webstad, who spoke at the committee meeting, is a third-generation residential-school survivor. She attended the St. Joseph Indian residential school, also known as The Mission, near Williams Lake, B.C. Her grandmother attended the school for 10 years; so did her 10 children, including Webstad's mother. ``When I turned six in July of 1973, Granny took me to town to buy something to wear for my first day of school,'' Webstad said. ``I chose a shiny new orange shirt. It was bright and exciting, just like I felt to be going to school for the first time. When I got to school my shirt was taken away and I never wore it again.'' She said her own son was at the last operating residential school in Saskatchewan when it closed in 1996. Webstad said Orange Shirt Day was born out of an event in Williams Lake in May 2013 to keep the conversation alive after the Truth and Reconciliation Commission wrapped up.̀ `The theme was remembering, recovering and reconciling,'' she said. ``I was part of the planning for a (truth and reconciliation) event, where I told my story of my orange shirt for the first time.'' The heritage committee is examining a government bill to turn the day into a national occasion

for a broader observance of the history of the schools. Stephen Kakfwi, a residential-school survivor and former premier of the Northwest Territories, said this national day should not be seen as a holiday but as a day of honouring and remembering, like Remembrance Day. ``Reconciliation is not an Aboriginal problem. It is a Canadian one,'' he said. ``I would like to convey that we're very pleased with the suggested date of Sept. 30 as the National Day for truth and reconciliation.'' He said September has always been a difficult month for him as a survivor. ``September comes (and) you suffer periods of feeling empty and lonely,'' Kakfwi said. ``It is because it is tied to the season when you are taken away by force from your family in your community, and brought to the residential schools.'' Former NDP MP Romeo Saganash, who is Cree, called on Ottawa and provincial governments to put in place a plan to fully adopt and implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. ``Let's not forget that there's at least 16 references to the United Nations declaration in the calls to action by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission,'' he said. ``Not only legislation this country needs to be consistent with the UN declaration, but our policies, and our operational practices as well,'' he said.

NEIL’S CHIP STAND Wednesday 11-7pm, Thursday 11-7pm, Friday 11-7pm, Saturday 117pm. Closed Sunday to Tuesday. Closed from Dec. 20 to February 14

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November 18th, 2020



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J O B Position



POSITIONS WITH SIX NATIONS COUNCIL: Admissions/Concession Worker Parks and Recreation Mental Health Nurse Case Manager Health Services, Mental Health Communications Assistant Central Administration Mental Wellness System Coordinator Administration, Health Services Personal Support Worker Health Services Food Services Worker Health Services, Iroquois Lodge Manager of Resources Ogwadeni:deo, Social Services Manager of Services Ogwadeni:deo, Social Services Early Childhood Development Worker Health Services, Child and Youth Administrator Health Services, Iroquois Lodge School Caretaker (5 position) Public Works Cannabis Addiction Outreach Mental Health, Health Services Worker (2 positions) Intake Worker (2 workers) Ogwadeni:deo, Social Services Health Communications Officer Administration, Health Services Community Support Worker Health Services Clinical Lead, Allied Health Health Services Clinical Lead Child and Youth Services SIX NATIONS AND NEW CREDIT POSITIONS Casual Bus Driver’s GRETI, Ogwehoweh Skills and Trades Training Centre Building Attendant Educational Assistant

Six Nations of the Grand River Development Corporation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation

Teacher Teacher Aide

Indigenous Services Canada - Federal Schools Indigenous Services Canada - Federal Schools

Educational Assistant Student Support Worker Director of Sustainable

Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Economic Development BRANT COUNTY, KW REGION, LONDON Computer Technician (IT Support) Grand Erie District School Board 313D HVAC Mechanic Mackenzie’s and Sons Social Services Welfare Administrator Chippewas Nawash Unceded First Nation



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Full-time $22.31-$32.07/hour November 27, 2020 Full-time TBD Open until filled Full-time, $22.54 November 27, 2020 permanent $26.46/hour Community Outreach Coordinator Ontario First Nations Technical Services Corporation (OFNTSC) Full-time, contract $45,000 November 18, 2020 Event Coordinator Ontario First Nations Technical Services Corporation (OFNTSC) Full-time, permanent TBD November 23, 2020 Officer Cleaner Brantford Native Housing Part-time TBD Open until filled Community Capacity and Coordinated Brantford Native Housing Contract TBD Open until filled Access Development Liaison Officer Finance Accounts Payable/ Brantford Native Housing Full-time TBD Open until filled Receivable Clerk Psychotherapist / Counsellor Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo Full-time $36.69 - $43.15/hour Indigenous Student Support Social Worker (2 positions) Ministry of the Solicitor General, ElginFull-time ,$1,207.70 November 30, 2020 Middlesex Detention Centre permanent $1,533.41/ Week HAMILTON / TORONTO / NIAGARA / EASTERN SURROUNDING AREAS TBD Open until filled Cultural Safety Facilitator Niwasa Kendaaswin Teg Full-time Teacher Development Manager Teach for Canada Full-time $46,000-59,000 November 29, 2020 Database Manager Indspire Full-time TBD November 22, 2020 Business Development Associate Indspire Full-time TBD November 22, 2020 District Resource Liaison Specialist Ministry of Natural Resources and Full-time, permanent $1,271.89 November 24, 2020 Forestry, Thunder Bay $1,581.50/week Talent Assistant Ministry of Natural Resources and Full-time, permanent $1,271.89 November 24, 2020 Forestry, Thunder Bay $1,581.50/week Associate Director, Holistic Services Native Child and Family Services Toronto Full-time, contract TBD November 18, 2020 The GREAT Job Board is brought to you by Employment Ontario and Service Canada. For more information about job descriptions, to apply for funding, visit GREAT’s website @ greatsn.com, call 519-445-2222 (Toll-Free long distance at 1 888 218-8230) or email us at info@greatsn.com.

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November 28TH, 18th, 2020 NOVEMBER 2018


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SKYE: Deborah Ruth November 10, 1957 – November 11, 2020


Jerry Patrick (Jeep) Longboat Sr. October 27, 1938 – November 15, 2020

With great sadness, we announce the passing of Deborah Ruth Skye on Wednesday, November 11, 2020. Debbie was a loving life partner and best friend to Chris King. She was his rightand left-hand woman. Cherished daughter of Bertha (Fraser) and the late Hubert Skye. Spitfire sister to Darwin and Pam Skye, Pam, Brian and Mary Ann, and Denise. Giving and strong Auntie to Stephanie and Shannon Skye-Chrysler, Chris and Char, Courtney and Anthony, Sabrina and Joe, Kurt Gibson and Kimberly. She was the greatest Great Aunt to 11 great nieces and nephews. Endlessly supportive cousin to Viola, Roxanne, Val, Bill, Greg and many more cousins. She was the beloved Princess of her (predeceased) grandparents Hiriam and Ida (Ireland) Sky, Norman and Marie (Ahenakew) Fraser and her late Uncle Andrew. Tenderly remembered by Leona King. Debbie had a passion for life, love, and family. Through thick and thin, she had everyone’s back. Her greatest gifts to her family and friends was her unique creativity, humour, honesty, strong work ethic, and down to earth personality. Debbie was a free spirit who made her own path in life. Resting at her family home 3405 River Range Road on Friday, November 13, 2020. Due to Covid, her funeral for close family and friends is on Saturday, November 14, 2020 at 10:00 am at the family homestead. Burial will take place at 11:00 am at the Lower Cayuga Longhouse. www.rhbanderson.com

It is with heavy hearts that we announce the passing of our loving husband, dad, papa, son, brother, uncle, nephew, cousin, and friend on Tuesday November 10, 2020 at the age of 62 years. Beloved husband of 23 years to Norah. Loving son of Doris & the late Karl Sault. Cherished dad to Tammy, Frankie, and Jamie. Super Papa to Jess, Codyman, Phoenix, Sadie, Annie, Autumn, and Frankie Jr. Loving brother of Bobby (Judi), Ralph, Dianne, and the late Sandy. Uncle to Casey, Kris, Stevie, Ashley, Blake, and Seneca. Great uncle to Keaton, Ellie, Aubree, Isaiah, Keegs, Livvy, Camilla, Sienna, Savannah, Bryson, Ry and Jack. A private family service will be held with interment at New Credit Cemetery. Arrangements by Hyde & Mott Chapel, Hagersville.www. rhbanderson.com

In Memoriam

In Loving Memory of Robin General who passed away November 23, 2017 In life we loved you deeply In death we love you still The moment that you died Our hearts were torn in two Remembering you is easy We do it everyday, but Missing you is heartache That never goes away We hold you tightly, deep within our hearts, and there you will remain. Until the joyous day arrives When we will meet again. Loved and dearly missed by Rick, Courtney, and Rocky

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905-765-1331 3345 6th Line Road, Six Nations

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It’s with a heavy heart that we announce the passing of our father, grampa and greatgrampa Jerry Patrick (Jeep) Longboat Sr., in his 82nd year of Bonita Springs, Florida. He is survived by his wife, Janice (nee Michalski) Longboat. Jerry was born on October 27, 1938 at Six Nations of the Grand River. Predeceased by parents, Helen (nee Peters) & Gordon Longboat, infant daughter Crystal Longboat and infant granddaughters, Onesa Longboat-White and Shae Madeline Montour. Brother to Ida Martin and MaryAnn Aaron. He is survived and will be remembered by his children Rhonda Longboat of Walpole Island, Deneen (Steve) Montour of Six Nations, Jerry (Jeep) Jr. of Ottawa, and Claudine (Randy) Longboat-White of Kenora and their mother, V. Janice (nee VanEvery) Longboat. Grampa to Justin, Neeg-ya, Aleshanee, Jessica, Loretta, Shelby, Skylar, Cecil, Maize, Malou, Mael, Titus and Noah. Great Grampa to 11 great-grandchildren. He will be remembered by numerous nephews, nieces, and extended family members. As a young man, Jerry was an avid car enthusiast and athlete. Jerry was a graduate of Caledonia High School and attended Radio College of Canada and graduated as an electronic radio operator. Jerry worked as a radio control operator for 10 years at airports in Port Rowan, Manitoulin Island, and Timmins, ON after which he moved on to work for Michigan Bell Telephone and retired from AT & T Telecommunications Company. Jerry spent a majority of his life in Michigan and some time in New Jersey, eventually retiring to Bonita Springs, Florida. A memorial will take place at a later date due to Covid-19. www.rhbanderson. com


Register today and join the discussion on the Six Nations Community Internet Towers Project. Virtual Information Sessions Starting November 30th. Other Sessions are December 3, 7, 10, 14 & 17.

To Register email internettowerquestions@sixnations.ca Sessions are held online via Zoom.

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November 18th, 2020 DECEMBER 19TH, 2018

CLUES ACROSS 1. Autonomic nervous system 4. At or near the stern 7. Adenosine triphosphate 10. Polynesian garland of flowers 11. Chinese revolutionary 12. Green veggie 13. Large group 15. Swiss river 16. Semiaquatic mammal 19. Wrongdoers 21. Home to Disney World 23. Spanish doctors 24. Newborn child 25. Absence of difficulty 26. Large, stocky lizard 27. Earned top billing 30. A long wandering and eventful journey 34. Water (French) 35. Brew 36. Winged horse 41. A usually malignant tumor 45. Alfred __, American actor 46. Austrian river 47. A reminder of past events 50. Connected with 54. Status 55. Dean residence 56. Egyptian city 57. Boxing’s GOAT 59. Straits along the Red Sea 60. “The Partridge Family” actress Susan 61. Get some color 62. Facilitates hearing 63. Commercials 64. A team’s best pitcher 65. Patti Hearst’s captors CLUES DOWN 1. Speak up 2. More informative 3. Where passengers sit

19 27

ARIES – Mar 21/Apr 20 Aries, creative energies may be high this week. You will have to find a way to channel them into something productive at work. Many ideas will come your way. TAURUS – Apr 21/May 21 Emotionally you should be feeling quite well this week, Taurus. It could be a perfect time for spending moments with a sweetheart or relaxing with the kids.

GEMINI – May 22/Jun 21 The week ahead certainly will not be boring, Gemini. The adventurous side of you wants to take some risks and try something that is normally offlimits. Move ahead slowly.

4. Gathered 5. Supervises flying 6. Home of the Blue Jays 7. Public statement of regret 8. Lockjaw 9. Indian city 13. Patriots’ Newton 14. Relative biological effectiveness (abbr.) 17. Sun up in New York 18. Eggs in female fish 20. Stood up 22. NBA legend Willis 27. Calendar month (abbr.) 28. Exercise regimen __-bo 29. The 8th month (abbr.) 31. __ Paulo, city

Answers for November 18th, 2020 Crossword Puzzle

32. Tall deciduous tree 33. Affirmative 37. Notified of danger 38. NFL game days 39. Archaic term for “to” 40. Plant pores 41. Canned fish 42. Phil __, former CIA 43. Connects with 44. Of the skull 47. Time zone (abbr.) 48. When you hope to get there 49. Hindu goddess 51. Land 52. Pitching stat 53. Field force unit 58. Lakers’ crosstown rivals


CANCER – Jun 22/Jul 22 It is important to let others have their moments to shine, Cancer. This week, give others their due time, and do not interrupt when someone is offering his or her opinion. LEO – Jul 23/Aug 23 Leo, at some point this week you may find yourself involved in a project that has piqued your interest for some time. As long as it doesn’t consume all of your energy, it can be productive. VIRGO – Aug 24/Sept 22 Use extra care with your words, Virgo. Some people may not pick up on your sense of humor. There’s a possibility that people may take things personally.

LIBRA – Sept 23/Oct 23 Libra, this week you may find yourself in the perfect position to meet the right person. This person can be a love interest or a new friend. Invite him or her in with open arms. SCORPIO – Oct 24/Nov 22 The planets may activate your subconscious mind which could play out in your dreams. Try to pay attention to your dreams this week and log the important details.

SAGITTARIUS – Nov 23/Dec 21 Restlessness might be consuming you, Sagittarius. You may be tempted to get outside more often or plan a getaway, but unfortunately tasks at home and at work dominate. CAPRICORN – Dec 22/Jan 20 Of course you may want to get everything correct on the first attempt, Capricorn. But that does not always happen. Keep trying because practice makes perfect. AQUARIUS – Jan 21/Feb 18 You may be feeling a little blue, Aquarius. Make a few minor changes to shake things up. A little change may be all you need to get over the blues.

PISCES – Feb 19/Mar 20 Increased pressures at work may strain your nerves a bit, Pisces. Time with your spouse, children and/or friends can help.

PLACE YOUR CLASSIFIED ADS 3304 Sixth Line Rd. Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Phone: (905) 765-7884 Fax: (905) 765-3154 RIMS & BATTERIES • UNBELIEVABLE PRICES


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3304 Sixth Line Rd. Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Phone: (905) 765-7884 Fax: (905) 765-3154 construction@sitnbull.ca



November 18th, 2020

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