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American Products and Services for American Cattlemen

Vol. 44 • No. 2 • February 2018



Having a plan and preparing ahead of time for the calving season can help to minimize calf loss.



Considerations for adjusting TMR feeding for cold weather.

THE MUST-SEE EVENT AT NCBA CONVENTION! 20 THE This year’s lineup has expanded to include a brand-new event – the Arrowquip Cattle Handling Arena!


Phileo-Lesaffre is a global expert in the field of yeast and yeast extract with a global presence in more than 70 countries with 16 production sites across the five continents.


Beefmaster Excels in USDA Feed Efficiency Test.


Hustler Equipment Ltd is a 3rd Generation family owned and run business founded in1961 by R H Currie, a farmer and innovator in New Zealand, with a proven track record of crafting revolutionary livestock farming equipment that simplifies everyday life.



February 2018

Castration is an essential management procedure for the cow-calf producer that is often performed for both handling and economic reasons.

When cattlemen and women blaze a trail, they do it with a sense of purpose and pride. For the 2018 Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade Show, we’ll Blaze a Trail to Phoenix, Ariz., and you’re invited to join us. Whether or not you’ve experienced Phoenix, this year’s event is one you won’t want to miss.


One person can now easily and safely process calves with Leo’s Safety Zone Calf Catcher.


Summit Livestock Monoslope Beef Barns Offer Producers Wide Range of Benefits.


Why settle for less than the original & the best.



Healthy, strong offspring increase the quality of the adult herd and are a huge key in the financial success of the operation. However, there is always the concern of battling sick calves and even worse the loss of calves due to bacteria, viruses or other pathogens.


NCBA Here We Come As the New Year rolls a sense of excitement and renewal is

American Products and Services for American Cattlemen

Vol. 44 • No. 2 • February 2018

presented to businesses and producers alike. The New Year also

President/CEO - Gale McKinney

means the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association Convention

VP/CFO - Audra McKinney

(NCBA) is right around the corner. I am sure you are like me

Group Publisher/COO - Patrick McKinney

and look forward to making this trip every year. I am looking forward to the 2018 convention even more than normal this year for

Publisher - Dustin J. Hector Associate Publisher - Lissa Baker

some specific reasons. I am going to be honest the biggest reason is to escape the

Office Manager - Dawn Busse

frigid temperatures of the Midwest, but I am also anticipating the opportunity to meet

Creative Director - Brandon Peterson

television and radio broadcaster, Storme Warren, who will be emceeing the general

Advertising Account Executives Kathy Davidson Mary Gatliff Lori Seibert Irene Smith Joyce Kenney Ed Junker

session for this year’s convention. One of the primary reasons I look forward to attending the convention every year is to check out all the new gadgets and equipment that will make the process easier and more efficient. Each year manufacturers use the NCBA convention to launch their new products. It is a little like Christmas in February. What better way to see all the latest equipment and technology than in one place, all under one roof. The Convention also provides a great environment to form new business relationships, by providing the networking opportunities for you and your fellow producers.

Circulation Coordinator Shawna Nelson Subscription Sales Kendra Sassman Jack Maggio Falon Geis

The schedule is loaded with educational seminars, meetings, and presentations covering any area of interest you may have. NCBA attracts attendees from all over the World providing you with the opportunity to hear viewpoints not available in any other setting. The Convention and trade show create a unique, fun environment for cattle produc-

Livestock Media Group 4685 Merle Hay Rd • Suite 200 Des Moines, IA 50322 877-424-4594

ers, manufacturers and service providers to come together to network, create policy and mix in a little fun along the way. It also gives you a break from the daily grind that is usually needed this time of year. As a proud sponsor to the largest show in our industry American Cattlemen hopes to see you there. Please make sure you stop by our booth, 1821, and say “hey!” I would love to talk to you and learn more about your role in Cattle industry. After all, American Cattlemen is here to serve and help you.

Best Regards, Dustin Hector Publisher – American Cattlemen



February 2018

©Twin Rivers Media, LLC, 2018. All rights reserved. This publication may not be reproduced in whole or in part, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recorded or otherwise without the prior written permission of Twin Rivers Media, LLC, 2018. The information and advertising set forth herein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable. Twin Rivers Media, LLC, 2018 (“Publisher”) however, does not warrant complete accuracy of such information and assumes no responsibility for any consequences arising from the use thereof or reliance thereon. Publisher reserves the right to reject or cancel any advertisement or space reservation at any time without notice and for any reason. Publisher shall not be liable for any costs or damages if for any reason it fails to publish an advertisement. Advertisers are solely responsible for the content of their respective advertisements appearing in this publication and Publisher is not responsible or liable in any manner for inaccuracies, false statements or any material in such advertisement infringing upon the intellectual property rights of others. Advertisements appearing in this publication are not necessarily the views or opinions expressed by Publisher.

INDUSTRY NEWS but we have everything to lose by not practicing it,” Bolsen said. The KEITH BOLSEN SILAGE SAFETY FOUNDATION is a nonprofit corporation dedicated to promoting safe silage management practices for bunker silos and silage piles, as well as providing educational resources and materials for the global silage industry. The goal of the foundation is for everyone involved in a silage program on farms, dairies, feedlots and other livestock operations to return home to his or her family safe every day.

Keith Bolsen Silage Safety Foundation Receives Grant from DuPont Pioneer

Article provided by DuPont Pioneer

The Keith Bolsen Silage Safety Foundation is pleased to announce DuPont Pioneer donated $5,000 toward the production of educational materials

KUHN Wins ASABE Award Article provided by KUHN

KUHN was recently awarded an AE50 award from the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE). The AE50 award was presented to KUHN for its MM 1100 Merge Maxx ® hay merger, deeming it one of the year’s most innovative designs in engineering products for the food and agriculture industries. The MM 1100 will be featured in the January/February 2018 special issue of ASABE’s magazine, Resource: Engineering & Technology for a Sustainable World. With 36’ of pickup in a single pass, the KUHN MM 1100 hay merger is unique in the industry and unmatched in its simplicity of operation, durability and merging capabilities. Unique features like the merger’s hydraulic drive system, large-capacity oil reservoir, floating windguard, crop netting and ISOBUS compatibility provide maximum efficiency for the operator in and out of the cab.



February 2018

for the purpose of preventing serious injuries and fatalities in silage programs. This Gold Star donation is part of the DuPont Pioneer sponsorship program. “Silage related tragedies have no age boundary. Family members, employees, and bystanders of all ages have been injured or killed during harvest and feed-out. We have nothing to lose by practicing safety;

Pioneer makes contributions to community-based organizations on behalf of the business and employees. Consideration for outreach grants is given to communities where Pioneer sales representatives, DuPont Pioneer employees and customers live and work and that support quality-of-life initiatives to create an improved, sustainable lifestyle for people worldwide.

“The AE 50 award is a great achievement and reminder to continue to design, engineer, and produce high-quality products,” said Brandon Pfeuti, Kuhn North America Product Specialist, “Customers and operators can become more efficient and productive in their operations, as well as profit from a quick return on their investment with KUHN equipment.” Companies from around the world submit entries to the annual AE50 competition and up to 50 of the best products are chosen by a panel of international engineering experts.

The judges select innovative products that will best advance engineering for the food and agriculture industries. Kuhn North America, Inc., of Brodhead, Wisconsin, is a leading innovator in agricultural and industrial equipment, specializing in spreaders, mixers, hay tools, and tillage tools. KUHN, KUHN Knight, and KUHN Krause products are sold by farm equipment dealers throughout the United States, Canada, and many other countries.

INDUSTRY NEWS A1 Mist Sprayers can be used for a variety of applications such as spraying fruits and vegetables, vineyards, livestock, pastures, fences and road ditches, and other insect/weed spraying applications.

A1 Mist Sprayers Start Year at 2018 Dakota Farm Show

Article provided by A1 Mist Sprayers

From January 3rd through the 5th, A1 Mist Sprayers will be exhibiting at the Dakota Farm Show in Vermillion, South Dakota. The event will be held at the USD Dakotadome. For 35 years, the Dakota Farm Show has been one of the largest trade shows in the Midwest Region of the United States. This expo attracts more than 280 exhibitors and over 25,000 agricultural producers.

Valley Industries Acquires Comet USA

Article provided by Valley Industries

Recently, Valley Industries has completed the acquisition of Comet USA, a Minnesota-based company located in Burnsville that distributes a wide range of industrial high pressure plunger pumps and accessories. For over 20 years Comet USA has provided products and services to industries such as sewer jetting, hydro excavation, hydro demolition, high pressure cleaning, water



February 2018

In booth #30, A1 will be showcasing a variety of mist sprayers that are engine and PTO driven. These sprayers can spray between 30 to 100 feet vertically and 75 to 160 feet horizontally. Far more coverage than a standard broadcast or spot sprayer. Each unit also includes a 210 degree left to right rotation fan that can be adjusted manually or electronically, depending on the unit. Using an A1 mist sprayer not only provides flexibility, but it also cuts down on chemical and water usage. Saving time and money.

jet cutting, and other industrial applications in the North American Market. The purchase will diversify Valley Industries already robust product lineup and will complement their current Comet Diaphragm Pump Division. “In the last 6 years Valley and Comet USA shared the same infrastructure and management. This acquisition will maintain that, but will allow us to further align our core business functions”, said Jeff Savage, Valley Industries’ General Manager.

About A1 Mist Sprayers A1 Mist Sprayers is a Valley Industries brand based in Ponca, Nebraska. For over 40 years, A1 has been a staple of the mist spraying industry. Each sprayer is engineered with a heavy focus on durability, performance, safety, and standard features that elevate A1 above the competition. Each sprayer comes fully assembled, and includes basic safety and technical information to tackle any application. With continuous innovation, ingenuity, and integrity; A1 Mist Sprayers will continue to be the number one choice for mist spraying. For more information on A1 Mist Sprayers, visit: www.mistsprayers. com or call 877-924-2474.

Under Valley Industries, Comet USA will now be known as Comet Industrial Pump Division. This is the second acquisition for Valley Industries in the last year. In early 2017, Valley Industries purchased A1 Mist Sprayers, a company based in Nebraska that specializes in mist sprayers for a wide range of agricultural industries. Based in Paynesville MN, Valley Industries is an innovative manufacturer and distributor of f luid handling components for agriculture, pest control, lawn care and ma ny indust r ia l applic at ions. For more information on Valley Industries and its brands, please visit or call 800-864-1649. For more information on Comet Pump Industrial D i v i s i o n p l e a s e v i s i t w w w. or call 952707-1894.



FOR COLD WEATHER Dr. Alan S. Vaage Ph.D.


hen cattle are fed quality forages or mixed rations free-choice, changes in nutritional requirements associated with stage of production or weather are generally compensated for by the animal through a change in intake. When a TMR ration is fed, intake is normally adjusted by the feeder; this includes needing to adjust feed delivery for changes in weather, such as cold exposure. However, ration adjustments can also be required where poorer quality forages are fed, as intake may be limited by the digestibility of the feed (e.g. when feeding straw or stubble). Lower Critical Temperature: There exists a lower critical temperature (LCT) for each animal, below which it must actively generate metabolic heat, at a nutritional energy cost, to maintain its normal body temperature, if it can. The USDA Cooperative Extension Program defines such a “cold stress” as follows: “Cold stress (lower critical temperature) occurs when an animal is exposed to weather conditions that put it below its lower critical temperature. To maintain core body temperature when it is cold, cattle shiver to maintain body temperature, and that requires energy. For cattle with a normal winter coat that is dry, the lower critical temperature is 32°F [0°C]. If the coat is extra heavy, it drops to 18°F [-8°C]. If the normal coat is wet, however, the lower critical temperature may become 60°F [16°C].” The LCT and point where cold stress occurs is mainly a function of feed intake and efficiency of use through digestion and metabolism which produce heat that keeps the animal warm. When this heat production is insufficient to balance heat



February 2018

loss associated with cold weather and coat condition, cold stress occurs and increased energy intake is required to stay warm and maintain production. Effects of cold on animal performance: Some older Canadian research showed that exposing calves to cold (-17oC and -28oC) increased maintenance energy requirements by 39 to 43 %, respectively. Other research, demonstrated that Saskatchewan feedlot cattle in December had growth rates, feed intake and feed:gain ratios that were 70, 140 and 149%, respectively of those during March and April. More recent research has shown that switching the time of feeding from the morning to the afternoon can be used to improve the growth performance and/or feed efficiency in growing feedlot cattle during cold weather (daily average temperatures <-10oC). It is believed the change in intake behavior that occurs, especially with limit fed cattle, moves the peak in heat production associated with feed intake and subsequent digestion to the colder part of the day, the nighttime and early morning, effectively lowering the animals’ LCT. Interestingly, comparable data does not appear to be available for beef cows, but similar results might be expected.

Adjusting TMR feeding for cold weather: While it is easy to understand how cattle can undergo cold stress, as well as its effect on animal performance, it is often harder to know when feeding adjustments are required to prevent reductions in animal performance. Once you see visible signs of cold stress such as crowding together, shivering, and difficulty walking with backs hunkered to conserve heat, much performance has already been lost. Feedlot cattle: Animals that are being fed to appetite in a feedlot will simply increase intake during cold stress, and such changes in intake will usually become part of the normal adjustment in feed calls over time. Special attention may be needed, however, if there are abrupt changes in temperature, or the animals are being limit fed for a specific rate of gain. The attached table shows the proportion of dietary intake that is used for maintenance, versus body weight gain, for animals of differing shrunk body weights, Note that the proportion of the diet used for maintenance decreases as rate of gain increases (combined effect of dilution of maintenance and increasing ration energy density), but not with body weight. Using this table, an appropriate cold stress adjustment can be calculated as follows: DMIadj = DMI + (DMI x PIM x Tcs x 0.009) Where: DMIadj = cold stress adjusted dry matter intake; DMI = current dry matter intake; PIM= proportion of intake used for maintenance (from Table); Tcs = number of degrees Celsius of cold stress; and 0.009 represents 0.9% increase in maintenance requirement per degree Celsius of cold

stress. For example, for 300 kg calves normally requiring 10 kg DMI to achieve 1.5 kg body weight gain, at -20oC (10oC cold stress) they would require 10.35 kg DMI (i.e. 10 + (10 x 0.386 x 10 x 0.009)), i.e. an extra 0.35 kg DMI per day, to maintain their growth performance (38.6% of daily intake used for maintenance, 61.4% for gain). Beef cows: For beef cows in mid gestation after weaning (i.e. dry cows), 90-95% of their daily intake is used for maintenance, with the remainder used for fetal development. During late gestation and calving, 60-70% of daily intake is used for maintenance, while the remainder is used for either fetal growth or milk production. Thus, as temperatures drop below -10oC: for dry cows, feed allocation should increase about 8-9 % for every ten degrees of cold stress to prevent body weight loss or reduced body weight recovery; while for late

gestation and calving cows, feed allocation should increase 5-7% to prevent decreased milk production and impaired calf growth and associated health problems. This assumes all nutritional requirements were otherwise being met before the advent of the cold stress. Cold weather below the lower critical temperature of beef cattle will impair performance unless adjustments are made, either in the amount of ration being fed, or even to the ration being fed if forage quality is low. Feed-

ing with a vertical TMR mixer allows one to know what cattle are eating at a given time and to easily make the necessary adjustments when required, such as during cold stress… ”Because Nutrition Matters™”. Dr. Alan Vaage is a Ruminant Nutritionist with over 30 years of experience in the beef industry, and currently provides technical support for Jaylor Fabricating Inc., Orton, Ontario. Dr. Vaage can be contacted by email:

Table: Proportion of feed intake associated with maintenance requirements for beef cattle growing at different rates of gain1. BWt (kg)



























Calculated from data provided in Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle 1996, NRC.

February 2018






aving a plan and preparing ahead of time for the calving season can help to minimize calf loss. For some calving season is here, while for others, the start of the calving season is still a few months away. The following are practices to consider in preparing for the upcoming calving season.

improves herd health. Specifically address management options to mitigate health problems that have historically been an issue.

this calf grows and takes up room, rumen capacity is impacted and the amount of feed the young female can eat is reduced. The impact of this condition can be compounded when this time period prior to calving coincides with cold weather and available forage that is low in energy and protein. Body condition can deteriorate rapidly under these conditions.

Frequently it has been 9-10 months since calving facilities have been used. Inspect gates, pens, alleys and head catches, fixing or replacing broken items. Good lighting is an important part of a calving facility. Check lights and have replacement bulbs on hand.

1. Pay attention to nutrition needs of bred heifers or cows prior to calving.

Adequate body condition at the time of calving for young females and mature cows is important as it impacts stamina during delivery of the calf, colostrum quality, calf vigor, and also impacts subsequent rebreeding. Adequate nutrition during the last trimester of pregnancy and especially the last 50-60 days prior to calving is important. Two-year-old heifers and three-year-old cows are vulnerable during this time period. These young females are still growing themselves while growing a calf inside them. As

2. Review with your veterinarian your herd health plan. The whole production system should be discussed identifying critical control points where management could reduce risk and cost effectively

3. Examine calving facilities making sure they are in good working order.

4. Check your calving supplies.

Make sure you have on hand plastic sleeves, obstetrical lube, obstetrical chains or straps, esophageal feeders and calf feeding bottles. Test flashlights or spotlights to make sure they are working as well. Inventory halters, ropes, and other tools that may be needed. Make sure the fetal extractor * Continued on page 18



February 2018


(calf puller) is clean and working properly.

5. Review the stages of parturition (calving) and understand when assistance is needed.

There are several good Extension resources available to producers to help them identify and understand the stages of calving. “Assisting the Beef Cow at Calving Time” by Richard Randle DVM from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension and “Calving and Handling Calving Difficulties” by Robert Mortimer DVM from Colorado State University are two such resources. Review how to correct abnormal presentations and assist the heifer or cow during calving. Know your limitations and when it is time to call your veterinarian.

6. Have colostrum or colostrum replacement products on hand.

Richard Randle, DVM from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln reports that approximately 85% of calves dying from infectious disease have received inadequate passive transfer of colostrum. The calf’s ability for absorption of immunoglobulin across the intestine decreases rapidly 6-12 hours after



February 2018

birth. Therefore it is critical that the calf receive colostrum during this time. It is a good practice to immediately milk out a heifer or cow when she is assisted at calving and provide this colostrum to the calf. If quality or quantity of the colostrum is a concern, other sources of colostrum or colostrum replacement products should be used. Use caution when bringing outside sources of colostrum into the herd. Disease transfer can occur. The best source of colostrum is from within your own herd. Colostrum replacement products can be a good option to utilize when calves are not vigorous at birth, after a prolonged calving event, cold stress or where there is poor maternal bonding. Visit with your veterinarian about which colostrum replacement products are best for your operation.

7. Have a plan and equipment for warming calves if calving during cold weather.

Calves born during cold, wet conditions can quickly succumb to hypothermia. Have facilities, tools and supplies on hand to deal with this type of event. For mild hypothermia, (body temperature between 94 and 100°F)

giving a calf warm, body temperature colostrum or colostrum replacement products along with drying the calf off with towels and warm air can quickly bring a calf’s temperature back to normal. For extreme hypothermia a combination of warm colostrum with a warm bath can be used. Calves should be dry, alert and have a normal body temperature before being returned to their mother.

8. Plan to provide wind protection along with a clean, dry environment.

Wet, muddy conditions are stressful both to cows and calves. This kind of environment also provides a situation where disease proliferation is more likely to occur.


A fresh crop of calves is something cow-calf producers look forward to each year. Having a plan and preparing ahead of time for the calving season can help to minimize calf loss and reduce stress on those caring for the cowherd. For more information on management practices to improve calving success, visit the website.



As the countdown to the Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade Show in Phoenix, AZ is getting shorter, excitement is growing about the events that are going to unfold at the largest cattle conference in North America. As always, the conference will feature an exciting series of events and demonstrations, and this year’s lineup has expanded to include a


brand-new event – the Arrowquip Cattle Handling Arena! Attendees will have the opportunity to learn the latest in cattle handling and livestock management practices from industry experts including stockman Ron Gill of Texas A&M University, and some of the top brands in the cattle industry! Additionally, attendees can run cattle through the system

themselves and put what they have learned into practice throughout this two-day event. When we asked Ron what we can expect during his session on Thursday afternoon, he said that: “We’ll focus on things we can do from a behavior standpoint and then take advantage of that in the facilities. How training and acclimatization of cattle in the system improves flow, the way you release them out of the chute improves flow, the whole design and the way you bring cattle into the sweep system improves flow. It all ties together. How you handle them out in the pasture, how you handle them in the bigger pens, in the alleyway, and all that adds up to improving flow through a processing facility”. In addition to the seminars with Ron Gill and Arrowquip’s own animal science expert, some of the top brands in cattle management will be presenting. Gallagher Animal Management will be joining on both days with a presentation on their livestock scales and equipment, and how these integrate “CATTLE ALWAYS KNOW HOW TO HANDLE CORRECTLY, WE JUST HAVE TO FIGURE OUT HOW TO ASK THEM. AS SOON AS WE START ASKING RIGHT, CATTLE START RESPONDING BETTER.” – RON GILL –

with Arrowquip’s chutes and alleyways seamlessly. Additionally, Datamars, the makers of Temple Tags and Z-Tags, will be presenting a seminar on the importance of proper head restraint when adhering to best tagging practices. Datamars will be releasing their new UHF tag Identifast® at the NCBA, and this new product will be featured during their presentation! This massive outdoor demonstration area will feature the world-renowned Q-Catch 86 Series cattle chute, the quietest manual chute ever manufactured. This chute is designed


will also be featured, along with the Q-Power 106 Series hydraulic squeeze

chute. The 106 has all the features of the 86 with the added power of hydraulics, making it the ideal solution for the cow-calf operation. Whether you are looking to upgrade your facility, test out the hottest equipment in the industry, learn the latest in livestock management technology, or to simply improve your cattle handling practices, there is something for everyone and every operation in the Arrowquip Arena at the Cattle Industry Convention. If you would like more information or would like to arrange a product demonstration at the NCBA Trade Show, please visit or contact Arrowquip at






11:00-11:45 | TAG TECH + YOUR OP = PURE PROFIT

Your system should support you! Learn the top 10 design tips from Arrowquip’s Animal Scientist to make sure your system is on the right track.

Datamars demonstrates proper tagging techniques and shares how RFID tags can take your livestock management to the next level.

2:00 – 2:45 | CREATING FLOW THROUGH CATTLE HANDLING FACILITIES WITH RON GILL Cattle handling expert Ron Gill from Texas A&M University presents a seminar on proper cattle handling practices to create efficient cattle flow through your handling facilities.

4:00 – 4:45 | DATA-DRIVEN DECISIONS FOR PRODUCTIVITY & PROFIT You CAN manage what you can’t measure, you just can’t do it well. Learn the data you need to make the right decisions for your most successful operation ever with Gallagher.

2:00 – 2:45 | TOP 10 TIPS TO STEP UP YOUR HANDLING SETUP Your system should support you! Learn the top 10 design tips from Arrowquip’s Animal Scientist to make sure your system is on the right track.

4:00 – 4:45 | DATA-DRIVEN DECISIONS FOR PRODUCTIVITY & PROFIT You CAN manage what you can’t measure, you just can’t do it well. Learn the data you need to make the right decisions for your most successful operation ever with Gallagher.

February 2018





CASTRATION By Carla L. Huston, DVM, Mississippi State University College of Veterinary Medicine


astration is an essential management procedure for the cow-calf producer that is often performed for both handling and economic reasons. However, there are surprisingly many producers who are not taking advantage of economic and marketing advantages by failing to castrate their bull calves before marketing. According to the most recent USDA National Animal Health Monitoring System 2007-08 Beef Cow-calf survey, only 65% of operations in the Southeast sold weaned or older steers as compared to the Western (70%) and Central (89%) US regions.

Castration reduces aggression and mounting behavior and helps prevent unwanted matings. Bull calves will sell for less per pound than steers of comparable quality and weight due to discounts. Furthermore, cattle buyers and feedlot operators prefer the disposition and handling of steers compared to intact males. The method of castration will depend on age and weight of the calf, producer preference, and time of the year. Castration should be performed as early as possible to reduce stress. Baby calves can be castrated shortly after birth with the least amount of stress. While calves castrated early may have a reduce rate of gain, numerous research studies have shown that a proper implant program will compensate for the losses and add to the value of the animal. 24


Try to avoid castrating calves within 3 weeks of weaning to reduce overall stress during this time. Older calves will have a greater setback from the castration procedure, and tend to bleed more following surgical castrations. Furthermore, bull calves castrated later may still have the undesirable appearance and attitude of an intact male. In some situations, such as purebred operations culling unwanted seedstock, castration will need to be performed in older animals. In older animals, regardless of the method used, pain management should be considered prior to castration. Castrations should not be performed during the heavy fly season or in wet or muddy conditions.

Methods of castration

Castration can be performed surgically or non-surgically. Surgical castra-

tion is performed by making an opening in the scrotum and removing the testicles. In baby calves, the bottom 1/3 of the scrotum is removed by a horizontal incision with a sharp blade or scalpel (figure 1). Once exposed, grasp each testicle individually, isolate the spermatic cord and cut or apply even tension on the cord until it breaks free. This procedure can often be done by one person with the rear legs and one front leg of the calf tied, and results in the least amount of stress to the animal. For older males, either a horizontal incision or a vertical incision can be made. The key is to make a large enough incision to allow drainage. Extreme care must be taken not to cut the inside of the calfâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s leg, or the handler. A newberry knife is the safest method of making two vertical incisions, one on each side of the scrotum, for testicle removal. Once the scrotal sac is opened, grasp each testicle individually, isolate the spermatic cord and apply tension on the cord. An emasculator is then applied as high as possible to crimp and cut the cord. The testicle can also be removed by applying tension as described in younger animals, but there are greater risks of bleeding and internal injury when this is done in older animals. The emasculator should be left on the cord for 15-20 seconds to help control bleeding. Advantages to surgical castration include assurance that the testicles are removed, and less pain and stress to the animal when done properly. Wounds caused by surgical castration will also heal quicker than those created by non-surgical methods. Disadvantages to * Continued on page 26

February 2018


surgical castration include skill required by the handler, bleeding and swelling at the incision site, risk of infection, and risk of fly strike. A non-irritating antiseptic such as iodine should be applied to the incision when finished, as well as fly spray when needed. Instruments should be properly cleaned and disinfected between animals, and handlers should have clean hands or gloves whenever performing the procedures to reduce the risk of infections. Non-surgical castration (or bloodless castration) can be performed using an elastrator band or an emasculatome, also known as a Burdizzo clamp. Advantages to nonsurgical castration include less blood loss, less risk of infection due to wet or dirty environments, and relative ease of performance. A major disadvantage to non-surgical castration is the risk of tetanus, an often-fatal disease caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani. When non-surgical methods are used, especially in older animals, it is recommended that tetanus vaccination be given at least 10-14 days prior to the procedure. Ideally, two vaccines should be given 6-8 weeks apart prior to castration for maximum protection. An elastrator band can be applied by using an instrument that places a very tight rubber band around the neck of the scrotum. Other methods of applying the band use a drill or specifically designed tool to tighten the rubber. It is important to ensure that both testicles are pulled down and encompassed below the band. The blood supply to the scrotum is cut off and the scrotal tissue and testicles will fall off in approximately 2-3 weeks, sometimes longer. This procedure, while preferred by many when used in older bulls due to less bleeding, has the greatest risk of tetanus and is best when used in animals younger than a month of age. Another disadvantage to this method is the possibility of missing a testicle, resulting in a stag. Breakage of the bands can be a problem if not properly applied or if old bands are used, requiring the scrotum to be cut off or reapplication of the band. An emasculatome, or Burdizzo, resembles a large clamp which will shut off

blood supply to the testicle resulting in its atrophy and resorption when properly applied. With the calf in standing restraint and tailed to reduce kicking and movement, the neck of the scrotum is held in one hand and the opposite spermatic cord is pushed to the side. The emasculatome is the applied to the cord and closed tightly about 2 inches above the testicle (Figure 2). The emasculatome should be left in place for approximately 15-30 seconds. Each cord should be crushed separately in a staggered manner. The major disadvantage to this method is failure to completely clamp the spermatic cord, resulting in a stag. It is important that the emasculatome is in good condition in order to get a good crush of the blood and nerve supply to the testicle. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s recently been reported that some producers have been utilizing the banding procedure followed by the cutting of the scrotum to decrease swelling. This can cause a number of problems, including increasing the risk of infection â&#x20AC;&#x201C; essentially taking away the one major advantage of non-surgical castration. Furthermore, when performed properly, the majority of swelling which occurs following banding occurs intracellularly, and opening the bottom of the scrotum will have little effect on swelling. Unlike the other common methods of castration, this method has not yet been evaluated in a controlled setting. Regardless of the method of castration used, proper restraint of the calf is important, while still allowing the handler access to the scrotal area. While several techniques are available, surgical castration at an early age is preferable and is consistent with Beef Quality Assurance guidelines. Your herd veterinarian should be consulted regarding local anesthesia and pain control during and after any painful procedures. Castration is an economically important management procedure when performed properly. For additional information on castration, as well as information on pain management and tetanus vaccination requirements prior to performing castrations, contact your herd veterinarian.Â





here is an old adage â&#x20AC;&#x153;we are what we eat,â&#x20AC;? and scientific studies are bearing this statement out every day. As a result, consumers are becoming more health conscious and more knowledgeable about where their food comes from and how it has been grown and/or raised. In response, farmers and ranchers across the country are realizing the importance of the health of their cattle herds. The questions then arise for cattle producers: To whom do we turn for answers? Who can we trust to help us raise the healthiest animals possible? 28


February 2018

At the forefront of this agricultural movement is Phileo Lesaffre Animal Care (, the animal health and nutrition business unit of Lesaffre Yeast Corporation (LYC) located in France. Phileo-Lesaffre is a global expert in the field of yeast and yeast extract with a global presence in more than 70 countries with 16 production sites across the five continents.

Yeast Propagation

With its U. S. headquarters in Milwaukee, WI and plants in Cedar Rapids, IA and Doltan, AL, Phileo-Lesaffre is committed to help provide America’s producers with evidence-based solutions that enhance animal health and performance. Years of study by the research and development team of microbiologists, engineers, nutritionists and veterinarians have proven that feeding animals a yeast supplement enhances many facets of animal’s performance: Improvements in digestibility and bioavailability, for better feed conversion and performance. Cost-effective nutritional alternatives, providing substitutes for unsustainable or limited feed sources. Control of the risk associated with bacterial toxins and mycotoxins through binding and detoxification.

Enhancement of immune response and digestive health in preventive management. Reduction of pathogen pressure to help limit the risk of antibiotic resistance.

Optimization of the physiological mechanisms against stress, to support animal well-being.

Dr. Joe Ward, who is North American Project Manager, has been in the animal research and health business for over 30 years. He says the research and development team has spent years working to develop literally thousands of strains of yeast through yeast propagation and selection. “Our researchers and production teams grow live yeast tailored with a specific product use in mind to enhance animal health and performance. We grow live yeast, safely … without using any drugs or harmful additives. The end result is that animals are healthy, perform well and everything we produce is ecologically safe for the environment and safe for humans.”

A Series of Studies

Matt Cravey, Ph. D., PAS and head of the North American Beef Programs here in the United States has been a part of Phileo’s research efforts for the past several years. He has also been active in the animal health and nutrition field for 34 years. According to Cravey, research of both beef and dairy animals through the use of a variety of Phileo yeast strains continues to show science-based solutions that positively and safely enhance animal health and performance. Several studies deal with Phileo’s ActiSaf Sc 47, which is a specifically selected patented yeast strain of live

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yeast concentrate Saccharomyces cerevisiae.Sc 47. ActiSaf Sc47 HR+ is the thermostable form that is produced by a unique Lesaffre manufacturing process that ensures better stability. In turn more yeast cells reach the rumen or intestines alive. Actisaf has been found to improve growth rates by up to nine percent, increase dry matter intakes, improve feed conversion rates, improve carcass classification and reduce the risk of acidosis. In a discussion of a recently completed university study, Cravey notes that two different groups of beef cattle were part of this study with one controlled group consuming diets supplemented with ActiSaf, while 30


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the other group was fed their regular feed without ActiSaf. “Results demonstrated that the rumen pH was significantly higher for the group with ActiSaf than the control group without supplemental ActiSaf. The buffering affect of our live yeast is due in part to an improved lactic acid utilization in the rumen. Essentially, ActiSaf is altering the rumen environment to enhance the preferred bacterial population improving feedstuff digestibility and improving animal performance.” Cravey also discusses the positive results in two research studies that feature OptiSaf Beef, a propri-

etary concentrated blend of selected strains of live yeast. The first study took place in the Southeast using recently weaned calves that had been exposed to conditions that would be considered by industry standards to be at high-risk. “In this study, OptiSaf Beef improved calf weight gains by about 10 pounds per head over a 56-day period versus a similar group of calves that did not receive OptiSaf Beef. This 10-pound advantage held true throughout a subsequent 90day grazing period. Additionally, the calves receiving the OptiSaf Beef had fewer second treatments indicating improved health.”

Another study conducted by Dr. Jeff Carroll at the USDA facility near Lubbock, TX, also showed positive results for a group of feedlot cattle under heat stress. The OptiSaf Beef fed cattle perform significantly better than the group of cattle not receiving OptiSaf Beef. Cravey says, “This study shows that OptiSaf Beef significantly reduced the negative effects of heat stress on beef cattle.” Additionally, Cravey discusses a beef cow-calf study currently underway. “In this study, we fed OptiSaf Beef to cows about 30 days prior to calving and the results are very intriguing. Calves that were born from cows fed OptiSaf Beef are showing heavier body weights versus calves from cows that did not receive OptiSaf Beef. Final results are still pending, but we may be seeing the effects of an improved passive immune transfer and potentially an improvement in colostrum quality. We hope to have the study results completed and available by the end of the summer in 2018.” Finally, Phileo recently initiated a feedlot study in the Midwest. OptiSaf Beef is being used for a study on relatively high-risk calves consuming high levels of distillers grains in their

feedlot diet. After about a month into the study, it is already appearing that calves fed the OptiSaf Beef are consuming more feed than their counterparts that are not receiving this proprietary yeast product blend. Phileo Lesaffre Animal Care, a business unit of Lesaffre Yeast Corporation, continues to invest its resources to conduct evidence-based research necessary to better understand the use of these non-antibiotic solutions to improve animal health and nutrition. “We are all in,” says Cravey. “Our passion is to find solutions to the health and nutrition chal-

lenges that face our animal industry. With over 160 years of yeast technology and knowledge, we are committed to discovering applications and uses of our branded products that not only improve animal well-being but also provide economic returns to the producers.” Producers wanting to learn more about products can go to their local feed supplier and ask for Phileo Lesaffre Animal Care products by name or can contact the company through the website at www.phileo-lesaffre. com.

February 2018







he United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) conducted a feed efficiency evaluation at the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center (USMARC) in Clay Center, Neb., on 18 beef cattle breeds. The feed efficiency test results ranked the Beefmaster breed second for Average Daily Gain (ADG) and Dry Matter Intake (DMI) in both steers and heifers.

The USMARC study evaluated a group of 5,606 head of cattle and the group was composed of both finishing steers and growing replacement heifers. The study collected data for DMI, ADG and Post Weaning Gain (PWG). DMI and ADG data was recorded over 62 to 148 day periods for both steers and heifers. PWG was calculated by dividing gain from weaning

to yearling weights by the number of days between the weights. Individual animal feed intake data was measured daily, as a key component of the evaluation. All animals used were from the USMARC germplasm evaluation project. Using the Angus breed as a base of zero (0), the other 17 breeds were compared back to Angus as a baseline for both

steers and heifers, and then were evaluated for efficiency using ADG and PWG during feed intake data collection. Beefmasters ranked second for ADG in both steers and heifers, thus proving that Beefmaster cattle excel in feed efficiency. The impact of feed efficiency on cattle feeders is significant and identifying genetics that gain more, while eating less feed is a recipe for profitability. “Beefmasters are gaining attention as the beef industry begins to seek out efficiency genetics to bridge the gap to optimal, cost effective production practices,” says Beefmaster Breeders United Executive Vice President Bill Pendergrass. “Beefmasters have been long regarded as a versatile maternal breed, but this feed efficiency study points out that Beefmasters bring significant value drivers to the cattle feeder as well.” For more information about Beefmaster Breeders United please contact the BBU office at 210-732-3132 or visit Stay connected to BBU through Facebook, follow us on Instagram, view our videos on YouTube, follow us on Twitter and Pinterest, as well as receive our news updates through joining our mailing list. Beefmaster Breeders United (www., located in Boerne, Texas, is a not-for-profit breed registration organization that provides programs and services for its members. Beefmaster, Beefmaster Advancer and E6 cattle are selected on the “Six Essentials” of disposition, fertility, weight, conformation, milk production and hardiness.



February 2018


THE EASY WAY TO FEED HAY! Article courtesy of Hustler Equipment Ltd


ustler Equipment Ltd is a 3rd Generation family owned and run business founded in1961 by R H Currie, a farmer and innovator in New Zealand, with a proven track record of crafting revolutionary livestock farming equipment that simplifies everyday life. Farmers and ranchers quickly came to realize the advantages the Hustler product was offering. Hustler is the number one brand in its home turf with over 45% market share and began exporting in the early 70â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s. Today Hustler is represented in over 25 countries around the globe, and having been in the USA now for 6 years the brand is rapidly growing as more ranchers are enjoying the benefits.



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ing revolutionary livestock farm equipment that customers absolutely love! The Hustler team have a dedication and passion for North American ranchers, having done most of the testing and trials of our latest models on a variety of ranches, taking into account the variances in climate and bale types to ensure the products stands up to the world-class standards that Hustler is well known for. We protect our innovation with worldwide patents, and license some technology

to partnering companies and stand by our products with a full 2-year factory warranty for peace of mind.

Unique feeding system

Standing true to the founding roots, Hustler’s mission is to design and build world-class equipment that rewards customers bottom-line and simplifies everyday life. We insist on understanding ranchers needs better than anyone else, investing in our people to create an inspiring team that raises the bar in outstanding service to every single customer. The secret behind Hustler’s success is the dedication to their purpose - We’re obsessed with craft-

THE WORLD’S SIMPLEST SINGLE TRACTOR, BALE FEEDING SOLUTIONS Hustler’s self-loading Bale Feeders allow you to equally feed your cattle with the correct amount of dry hay, baled silage or straw in just minutes without ever plugging, from the comfort of your tractor seat, and you’ll only need to feed what your livestock require, saving the rest for the next feeding, ensuring forage is fresh and waste is minimized. Pasture damage is also minimized, and manure is naturally spread throughout the pasture saving you time repairing pasture and spreading manure. Ranchers are seeing hay savings

of as much as 40% compared to traditional methods and because the forage is gently teased apart, the leaf with all its nutrition is retained, saving on nutritional supplements.

What do Hustler customers say?

Scott Merieka –Wisconsin Scott has owned his Chainless X5000 trailing bale feeder now for 2 years, and feeds 1500 bales each year feeding them in open pastures and along a hotwire in his grazing

system. Scott discovered that when he changed to the Hustler, it enabled him to increase his herd size by 53% (from 150 cows, to 230 cows with less replacements) without needing to increase his feed supply. He also claims that because his cattle are feeding in a cleaner environment they’re healthier and his in-calf rate has improved by 8-10% compared to the old system of using round hay rings. This season is the first year with a zero postpartum mortality rate with all of our fresh cows. And I think that’s 100% because of the way we’ve changed our feeding! It’s been a fantastic investment and in two years it’s basically paid for itself twice, I’m really, really happy. I really like my Hustler feeder a lot. Scott has found his Chainless X5000 a very safe and user-friendly option for

February 2018




any operator, and likes the fact that there’s no PTO which means he doesn’t need a high horsepower tractor to operate it. He likes the self-loading system

bales every second day. Within just days of unrolling the bales with his SL360X directly into the hay racks Lynn is now only needing 10 bales every second day and the cattle

are much more than happy than before, saving him 28% of his feed supplies within days. For Lynn, this not only saves him bales and the cost of making them, but it’s also saving his precious time, both at the time of feeding his cattle and the time of making his bales! “I am so pleased with the way we are feeding our silage bales now” With tighter pricing in the beef market this year, it provided Lynn with a good time-saving way of maintaining his profitability, and without needing to leave the comfort of the tractor cab to unwrap a bale in the

and safety mechanism because they are very well thought out and there’s no chance of the bale falling off the loading spears. Lynn White – Louisiana Before he purchased his Hustler SL360X Lynn would load his hay racks/mangers using a bale spear with whole bailage bales every second day to each group of 40 cowcalf pairs to keep them happy. When Lynn saw the Hustler concept he very quickly fell in love with it, and a SL360X was ordered last year to mount on the front loader of his 6170R Deere. Previously he would need to put out 14 * Continued on page 42



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wet, muddy conditions around the hay rack, instead this can be done in the yard at the bale stack, making it easier to dispose of the wrapping, and less handling. The self-loading design has been very handy for Lynn, saving him time when loading up and gives him the ability to use the loading spears for his bale and pallet handling needs without needing to swap loader attachments.

back to 2 bales in the Chainless and it fills his troughs and we’ve maintained our weight gains. The Chainless X5000 has also been saving Tim a lot of fuel where before he needed one tractor to grind, and another tractor with a front loader to load the TMR which was clocking up a lot of hours on his gear and wasting a lot of fuel. Tim loves the low power consumption hydraulic

Tim Richards - Kentucky When Tim’s TMR mixer wagon came up for renewal, he chose to replace it with Hustler’s Chainless X5000 bale feeder for his indoor beef feedlot. What he discovered was that it has saved him a lot of time and cut his feed consumption back by 33%! “Not only has it saved me an hour and ten a day, I’ve also cut back a bale” Feeding his cattle with his vertical TMR mixer would take him 90 minutes to get the feeding routine done, that tractor would be sitting just grinding up the hay for 20 minutes alone. Since switching to the Hustler the feed out routine is done and dusted in 22 minutes. With his TMR it took 3 bales fill his troughs, and keep his cattle contented, because the TMR grinds the hay more and if the hay’s in front of the cows they’ll just eat it and now he has cut

powered design with no need for a PTO shaft. Tim chose to specify his Chainless X5000 with the side chute to better place the feed in the troughs, and finds that “it works really well”. Adding that it has not only saved him more than an hour every day, but has also saved him 1 bale per day!


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Verified by Universities

Universities across America are also recognizing and proving the advantages of Hustler’s Feeding System, having al­ready been trialled by University of Georgia Research, Virginia Tech University, University of Tennessee. Hustler feeders now qualifying for the Tennessee Ag Enhancement Cost Share program. To ex­perience the difference yourself, with your own bales, call (844)249-2092 or visit www. to book your no obligation demonstration on your ranch or con­tact us to locate your nearest Accredit­ed Hustler.




ecent census data has reported the average age of the American rancher today is over 55. Cattle ranching is physically demanding, and every year of age makes meeting those physical demands more challenging. The Leo family in Nebraska has a true passion for the industry and has found a way to help producers remain on the ranch for as long as possible. “I’ve been in the cattle business all my life, and I’m 70 years old now,” Dan Leo said. “I know the trials and tribulations along with the risks, safety concerns, and labor issues that are out there.” When the Leo family began using this device on their family-run ranch, they knew they had something worth sharing with the whole industry. “I just knew that this Catcher would make it easier for everybody involved and that it could help producers safely enjoy one of their favorite times of the year,” Leo said. As an older generation rancher himself, Leo understands not only the desire to remain in the business but also the challenges that come with it.  “So from that basis, we took the idea and started manufacturing and marketing. The demand was initially more than what we were prepared for as we could only build 44


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Catchers so fast. “We have a passion for helping people stay in the business and do what they like to do without getting hurt, I’ve even got people in their eighties and nineties that are using them. Quite honestly, a lot of people in the cattle industry today don’t have any plans to retire, they don’t know how to retire, or

they don’t want to retire. The longer they can stay in the business without getting hurt and without having their family worrying about them, the better they like it. That’s where the Calf Catchers have a huge value.” Leo says.

Innovative solution…

Leo’s Safety Zone Calf Catcher, a well-designed and ranch-proven device, enables one person to safely process new calves without threat from the instinctive mother cow. It is a durably built steel cage that quickly mounts to and dismounts from either an ATV or a UTV.  The variety of terrain the Calf Catchers are now servicing is true testament to their build and usability. Their durable construction, attachment configurations for both ATVs and UTVs, and additional options that include a digital scale or tow hitch make them a good fit for almost any unique operation. “They’re built really rugged,” Leo said. “One of our customers is actually a retired mechanical engineer, and he told me, ‘With how well

you build these units, my kid’s grandkids will be using them years from now,’ and that’s the truth of it. The units are built tough, and they’re built to go over rough country. We’re still using our original unit today. There’s very little maintenance on them.”Most importantly, the catcher makes the whole process easier on the operator, the calf, and the cow. Typically used on newborn to week-old youngsters, but calves up to 300 lbs. can be caught for treatment of pinkeye, foot rot and pneumonia conditions.

Ease of Operation…

The operator captures the calf in the cage by driving up to the desired calf, maneuvering the cage until the calf is in the proper position, and then shutting the spring-loaded gate. Aiding the process, the catcher is designed for quiet operation, thus does not threaten the cowherd. Then the operator steps into the cage through the adjacent side entry door. The calf is moved to the rear holding compartment to tag, vaccinate, band, or even weigh the calf, which work is performed by the operator in the safety of the cage with the protective mother cow nearby. “Nearly all the cows will remain at the rear of the cage where they can see and smell their calf, which adds to their comfort level,” Leo explained. “The action video on our website demonstrates how the unit functions in the calving pasture.  Also found there are many customer testimonials we’ve received who share their personal comments” Leo added. 

Successful everywhere…

The devices have been sold to commercial and seedstock ranchers as well as to large commercial feedlot calving programs, and they are proving to be successful in every venue. As the industry transitions to the use of ATVs and UTVs more frequently, operations are already set up to use the Calf Catcher. “Most everybody in the industry today has either an ATV or UTV in their operation already,” Leo said. “So, with a pretty low-cost investment, they are set up to continue in their operation about as long as they want to be involved.” That’s the Leo family’s main goal with the business.  What they didn’t know was how fast this

business would take off and the extent that it would grow. Now we sell both direct, and through a dealer network in the US and primarily through distributors servicing several foreign countries.” Safety Zone Calf Catchers LLC, internationally trademarked and registered, sells directly to cattlemen and through a growing dealer network. Calf Catchers can now be found in every state in the U.S. and every province in Canada, as well as Australia, multiple European countries, and both Central and South America. “Australia was our first international market beyond Canada. People there discovered us through our website and Facebook promotions,” Leo explained. “Two years ago, I personally introduced the Calf Catchers at a large farm show called AgQuip in New South Wales, Australia. We had amazing interest, so we secured an Australian distributor, and the rest has been history. We now ship containers across the ocean with fifty-plus Catchers in each.”

A Cowman’s Best Friend at Calving Time! One Person can now SAFELY and EASILY process calves without concern of the protective mother cow!

Watch Action Video at To Order, Call 877-505-0914 TODAY.

February 2018






eef producers and consumers alike are always looking for ways to more efficiently, safely and more cost effectively bring high quality beef to the market place. The challenge is there are so many variables that come into play: limited acces to high valued real estate, productivity and safety of the animals and the always-changing weather. So how can beef producers handle these variables? A recent movement has been to bring cattle indoors. At the forefront of this movement is Summit Livestock Facilities (www., a construction company with a 60-year legacy that has built more than 20,000 pre-engineered, post-frame building structures. Summit Livestock was started to provide cost-effective facilities that are designed and engineered to serve the needs of protein producers throughout the U. S. Based in Remington, IN, Summit Livestock Facilities, itself was launched in 2011 to be a pioneer in the development and construction of innovative protein-producing livestock facilities. Their facilities do more than house animals—they improve animal health and production, improve operational effi-



February 2018

ciencies, solve regulatory issues, and alleviate social concerns. Their reputation for structural integrity, quality materials, and professionalism stands strong today. Ed Bahler, CEO and son of Edwin A. Bahler, the founder, says this about the reason for Summit Livestock Facilities. “Some of it was really a response to

a growing need that we saw and heard from our customers that they were being challenged to produce cattle in a more humane way, in a more sustainable and economical manner.”

Benefits of Summit Livestock Monoslope Buildings

To meet this demand, Summit Livestock Facilities has designed the monoslope facility, which has proven to provide cattle with the perfect outdoor/ indoor environment that offers six key benefits: • First, the facility houses the cattle by offering a warmer, more comfortable and drier environment. The barn offers excellent ventilation and year-round comfort with the warmth of the sun in the winter and protection from the hot sun in the summer. • Next, because of the more comfortable environment, the Summit Livestock monoslope barn offers improved cattle performance, which, according to Summit Livestock customers, includes between a 15 percent to 25

percent increase in feed efficiencies over cattle raised outdoors. • A third positive is greater efficiencies with the producer able to better monitor feeding patterns (reducing waste), able to more readily catch health issues earlier to better manage animal care and by designing the building for more efficient workflows, the producer can improve employees’ performance, as well. • The fourth positive is optimized fertilizer value. With a monoslope building, the producer cannot only manage cattle waste more efficiently, but also protect its nutrient value from rain, wind and sunlight. In fact, research shows that the nutrient value of manure from an open lot is about $35 per head per year, while nutrient value of manure stored under roof in a slatover-pit cattle building is about $75 per head per year depending on fertilizer prices. • The ability to provide a safe environment is also an important factor, especially when it comes to cows and calves. Being able to monitor the cows prior to birth, through the birthing process and raising calves in an environment that is safe and easily monitored is a true benefit in the expansion of the monoslope in beef production. • A final benefit is building a legacy. It’s more than the herd, or the EPA or the producer’s ROI. It’s about tomorrow and the producer’s descendants. It’s about building a structure, a business and a future. Summit gets it, and the buildings reflect it. Reflecting on the impact of Summit

Livestock Facilities, Bahler notes, “For us, it’s about making a difference for our customers. You make a difference by innovating and finding a better way to do it. We have the people who can really dig deep into facility problems or production problems or technology problems. That is unique in this industry. It’s about addressing what threatens their organization long term and being competent and capable enough to find deep seated and deeply rooted solutions to those issues.”

From a Producer’s Perspective

When Ashton Gronewold graduated from college in 2009, he knew he wanted to come back to the farm near Carthage, IL and work with his dad, Merlin. Although he worked off the farm fulltime, Gronewold began building up a cowherd. In 2016, he went fulltime on the farm and with his brother-in-law Evan joining them, the cow calf herd

has grown to 150 pairs in the spring and another 150 pairs in the fall. At this point, they knew that they needed to develop a better management system. Gronewold says, “We started looking in early 2016 and looked at an awful lot of styles and types, and asked as many questions as we could to get a feel for what would work best for us. We began to narrow it down, deciding we wanted to go with an indoor facility. After a lot of research, we chose to go with a monoslope building from Summit Livestock Facilities.” Through the research, Gronewold found there was a lot to like about an indoor facility. “First, we were looking

at the availability and cost of pasture, which is becoming more and more expensive. This would allow us the opportunity to add 150 cows to our farm without increasing the number of acres of pasture. We were also looking at improving our operating efficiency and improving our feed efficiency. Finally, we wanted to improve our profit potential. After our research, we turned to

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Ed Leman, Sales Manager for Summit Livestock Facilities, to learn more.” At this point, Leman became an important part of the decision-making process. According to Leman, “In general terms, it’s about trying to maximize their potential and make the facility as efficient as possible. By going with a Summit Livestock monoslope building, the cattle receive optimum ventilation, shade during the heat of the summer and full sun in the cold of the winter. Essentially, the weather variables are removed from the equation.” Leman believes, “It’s always important to sit down with producers and learn what their goals are. Each one is different, and it’s about creating the plan that will meet their needs. We can even design a facility based on future expansions.” Even though each barn is pre-engineered, the system is flexible and allows for each one to be designed and built specifically for that producer. “The smallest I have sold is a 40’ x 90’ facility, while the largest is a 100’ x 1315’ monoslope building. However, we can really design for any size operation. Based on size and complexity, construction can take anywhere from three to six months.” Leman continues, “So, Ashton and I sat down and discussed their vision,



February 2018

what they were looking for in a facility.” Based on their conversations, they came up with a 100’ x 252’ monoslope building with a capacity for up to 300 head of cattle or in Ashton’s case, 150 cow calf pairs. It is designed with three pens to house the pairs with feed bunks on both sides. Cornhusks are used for bedding and a bed pack used for storing manure. The monoslope barn construction began in late October of 2016 with the structure completed before the end of the year. Now 10 months later, Gronewold has this to say about the process and the results. “The entire preparation and construction can be totally turnkey, or the producer can do some of the work. We did a lot of the dirt work and building prep. Then Summit came in and did all of the concrete work and the construction of the building.” So, will the monoslope building handle severe weather situations? Gronewold says, “This past spring we had a bad storm come through with 85 mph winds, and the structure withstood everything. They came out and did a quality inspection, and everything checked out.” As for reaping the benefits of the new building, Gronewold asserts, “We do a lot better job managing our cattle with the monoslope. It’s easy to walk in there and check them multiple times a day. Our feed is getting utilized at 100 percent, and we can monitor exactly what they need to have. Calving was way easier in the barn; that’s been the highlight. The footing was good, the conditions were good, the cows never had a wet back and the calves have been tamed since we’re in there so much.”

The Summit Livestock Way: The Producer’s Way

Both Leman and Gronewold concur that the key to the entire process is taking the time to sit down and talk through the producer’s vision and discussing the entire process. Producers can do as much or as little as they feel comfortable doing. Summit Livestock offers a total turnkey approach that basically covers everything: • Partnering with registered PE’s in the producer’s area for smoother permitting • Maintaining a network of industry experts and advocates • Procurement to get the right materials at the best price • Supervising, coordinating and communicating with subcontractors • Communicating and coordinating with all parties, including animal husbandry and company stakeholders • Developing and maintaining a comprehensive schedule that includes site preparation, concrete foundations and flatwork and providing a skilled, expert crew In addition, the Summit performance agreement essentially transfers the risk from the producer to Summit: • Brings predictability to the job • Creates a seamless, efficient process • Ensures that all parties work together • Protects schedules • Provides a consistent level of quality • Maintains a safe site To learn more about what Summit Livestock Facilities can offer you, give them a call at (800) 213-0567, or go to to request more information.




o you dread the driving of fence posts into the ground? You can simplify (any maybe even enjoy!) the task with the REDI Driver gas powered post driver & our exclusive accessories. You can cut your working time & effort in half; and still have energy left at the end of the day for the more important things in life! The REDI Driver is designed to do all the work for you, without any additional equipment such as power packs or hoses. The power is provided by an authentic HONDA 4 stroke engine. Simply carry the REDI Driver which weighs only 32 pounds, from post to post until you reach the end of your fence line. Lorri Evans tells us that REDI Driver is the original gas-powered post driver, it was the first one to hit the market over 6 years ago! The REDI Driver has since been copied, but it has never been equaled! You will get the best 3-year warranty, and the best personalized customer service from the Evans Family; who personally operate the business with passion for the product & their customers. Your complete satisfaction is guaranteed! With REDI Driver’s perfect reputation, there is no reason to settle for a copied unit, or to get lost in the shuffle…. Just ask one of our satisfied customers:

REDI DRIVER DESIGNERS HIT A HOME RUN WITH THIS ONE! Statz Bros. Fencing We’ve found the Redi Driver to be a great piece of gear. This has been an



February 2018

unusually dry year. The ground is as hard and tough as I’ve seen. The Redi Driver makes short work of driving T posts into this type of soil. It also handles rocky soil very nicely. It does a good job and doesn’t fatigue the operator. Nice and light and not at all cumbersome. The Redi Driver designers really hit a home run with this one.


First, I wanted to tell you that the REDI Driver Boss I purchased from you is one of the best machines I’ve owned. We rebuilt a large corral system and used the REDI Driver to driver 3” posts 4’ into the ground.  Doing the same with our skid steer driver has always been difficult trying to maneuver around the existing panels and alleyways.  Not only that, we felt we could control the pipe and keep everything plum much easier with the REDI Driver.  Great Machine! REDI Driver offers 2 models to meet all your post driving needs: • REDIclassic model with 2” id barrel is perfect for t posts & other smaller posts,

optional rod sleeve available for rods or rebar. • REDIboss model with 3 1/8” id barrel & reducer sleeve will drive from t post up to 3” posts, optional 4” id magnum barrel available for larger profile posts. Accessories available which are exclusive to REDI Driver: • REDIhdnlkit is a handle extension kit available in 2 ½’ or 4’ lengths. These kits will make driving taller posts an easier & safer task; no more ladders or stools! • REDIbox is a customized hard plastic storage box to secure your driver & accessories for transporting or storing. Please visit or you are more than welcome to give us a call (509) 235-2780





February 2018


attle producers are always looking for ways to improve the nutrition and health of their newborn calves. Healthy, strong offspring increase the quality of the adult herd and are a huge key in the financial success of the operation. However, there is always the concern of battling sick calves and even worse the loss of calves due to bacteria, viruses or other pathogens. The concern comes at birth, because the calf is born with virtually no immune system. It is through the mother’s first milk (colostrum) that provides the maternal antibodies to help kick in the calf’s immune system. That is why it is so crucial to get the calf up and sucking as soon as possible. It can take several days and even up to a few weeks for the calf’s immune system to create its own antibodies. Unfortunately, there are many variables that might cause this first milk to not create the immunity needed to fend off the many bacteria, viruses or other pathogens the calf might encounter. Over the years, producers have fought this problem and have basically come up with two types of remedies: active immunity and passive immunity. Active immunity comes in the form of vaccination, which generates antibodies to specific infectious agents. Passive immunity is provided by administering pre-formed antibodies to infectious agents that might cause sickness. Dr. Jim Lowe, who graduated from Texas A & M University College of Veterinary Medicine in 1995 and was in private practice for 18 years, is the Technical Services Veterinarian for Tomlyn, ( an over-the-counter business focused on providing high-quality products for cattle, horses and companion animals. Headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, Lowe is excited about the products that Tomlyn can offer cattle producers. Dr. Lowe says, “At Tomlyn, we believe in passive immunity. Instead of vaccines, we are delivering pre-

formed antibodies that can give the young calf the ability to more easily fight off these pathogens.”

The chicken and the egg

According to Lowe, the chicken and the egg are at the root of this success. You can actually trace a form of this back to the days when farms included a wide range of animals including chickens that roamed the farmyard. As they mingled with the other animals, the hens became exposed to every conceivable bacteria and disease. They would build up antibodies and an immunity, which would then be passed on through their eggs. Farmers would often mix eggs and/or yolks in the milk or supplement they fed to the calves that appeared to need attention.

With today’s advancements in science and technology, this practice has been greatly improved. According to Lowe, chickens are immunized with the antigens that most often attack young calves. The chickens then produce specific antibodies called egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) that will attack the pathogens that often cause intestinal inflammation and diarrhea. Eggs are collected and the IgY is extracted from the eggs and put into a powder or gel form that can easily be added to milk, milk replacer or calf starters. Lowe notes, “This will then function inside the ‘gut’ and can prevent bacteria from attaching to the intestinal wall, slow down bacterial multiplication and inhibit toxin production that causes sickness.”

February 2018



PARTNERING WITH PRODUCERS FOR SUCCESS Tomlyn currently offers three key supplements for calves under the brand name EPIC: supplement for calves — Egg Protein In Complexes. EPIC® Calf IMMUNE SUPPORT is a highly- palatable paste supplement loaded with egg proteins that provides support from day one. For absorption and benefit, give this product in the first 24 hours. Lowe says, “The first 12 hours of a calf’s life are crucial for developing adequate initial immunity and EPIC provides additional immune support in addition to the natural maternal transfer of antibodies.” It is vital that a calf receive colostrum and supplements during



February 2018

this time frame. It is vital to ensure that the calf has the ability to deal with these issues during the first few months of life and provide them with a solid platform on which to start. Since it comes in a preloaded, single-use oral syringe, EPIC® Calf Immune Support is easy to give. EPIC® Calf SCOUR DEFENSE helps support the calf suffering from diarrhea (scours). Dr. Lowe adds, “Versus many standard anti-diarrheal products, it also provides electrolytes, yeast and charcoal to bind toxins, healthy gut microorganisms to re-establish healthy intestinal flora, a buffering agent and an amino acid to support intestinal healing.” When calves are in a pen situation, healthy calves can be given a lesser ad-

ministrative level of the formula as a preventative measure. EPIC® Calf ELECTROLYTE is highly palatable, rapidly dissolving and has the ideal osmolality and sodium content to help calves get back on their feet fast! One of the most important components in a calf electrolyte is the buffering agent. Sodium acetate is more effective than sodium bicarbonate as it does not prevent milk from clotting in the abomasum. This allows the calf to continue to receive milk or milk replacer. It also saves the producer time

because there is no need to give the electrolyte in water and then come back and feed later. It can go right into the milk in a one-step process. “I think the key thing in all of this is the story behind the EPIC lines of products; the ability to support the animal immune system in alternative fashions to vaccinations and antibiotics.” EPIC products are available at local feed stores. To find a dealer, visit

Tomlyn,® a pet health and wellness company founded in 1976, carries a complete line of scientificallydeveloped, veterinarian-approved pet health products. The company’s wide range of product categories range from immune support, vitamins and supplements and hairball remedies, to joint and hip support, calming aids and sanitizers. Known as the maker of Nutri-Cal® and Laxatone,® Tomlyn is owned by the ninth-largest veterinary pharmaceutical company in the world.

February 2018




A CAN’T MISS WEEK IN PHOENIX Article and photo provided by National Cattlemen’s Beef Association


hen cattlemen and women blaze a trail, they do it with a sense of purpose and pride. For the 2018 Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade Show, we’ll Blaze a Trail to Phoenix, Ariz., and you’re invited to join us. Whether or not you’ve experienced Phoenix, this year’s event is one you won’t want to miss. The 2018 Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade Show promises to be one for the record books with countless leadership and educational opportunities, a trade show that will span more than six acres and entertainment for the entire family. Of course, we’ll also do the work of America’s beef business during the week, so join us as we set a course for the future of the industry. This year, we’ll also celebrate the 25th anniversary of Cattlemen’s College. Cattlemen’s College is famous for stimulating and thought-provoking sessions that can help generate high returns for your operation. Join us and find out why Cattlemen’s College is the cattleman’s number one resource for education and profit-building advice. The event begins on Tuesday afternoon, Jan. 30, with sessions and a welcome reception, and continues with a day full of educational sessions on Wednesday. The week’s events officially kick off on Jan. 31, with the Opening General Session, emceed by Storme Warren, best known as the host of GAC’s Headline Country show. Satellite radio sub56


February 2018

scribers also hear him every weekday morning as a host on The Highway, a country channel on Sirius XM. He’ll be joined by the session’s featured speaker Ree Drummond, “The Pioneer Woman.” Wednesday’s events will also include the “Sonoran Shindig,” Welcome Reception and the crowning of the National Environmental Stewardship Award recipient. Thursday’s activities begin with the ever-popular CattleFax Outlook Session, and the day features a packed agenda of industry meetings where cattle industry policy and checkoff program work takes center stage for attendees. As the business landscape shifts, cattlemen and cattlewomen are constantly adjusting business priorities and that work begins each year during the Cattle Industry Convention. This year, we’ll continue to outline our agenda and lay the groundwork for what looks to be another successful year on the policy front in Washington, D.C. Leaders of the beef checkoff and other important programs will also set their focus on 2018 priorities during our week in Phoenix. For attendees who have extra time in their

agenda, this year’s NCBA Trade Show features more than 325 exhibitors and the Route 66 Outdoor Display area where you can find the latest agricultural equipment. At the end of Thursday’s work, participants will be treated to the Phoenix Fiesta, an opportunity to enjoy the excitement that Arizona has to offer. Friday features the popular Best of Beef Breakfast, where the year’s award recipients are honored. The event will be followed by General Session II, featuring former Major League Baseball pitcher Jim Abbott; who will share his motivating story of success despite having been born without a right hand. The day also features more time to take in the expanded NCBA Trade Show, or step out and enjoy downtown Phoenix, which has grown significantly in recent years. The city’s walkability, downtown shops, restaurants and nightlife offer something for every cattleman and woman who makes the trip to the great Southwest. Speaking of nightlife, the week’s fun and festivities conclude on Friday night with the Cowboy Comedy Club, featuring Bill Engvall and some of his friends. This star-studded lineup will be sure to deliver nonstop laughs and entertainment for the entire family! Be certain you save some energy for the Desert Gloasis After Party, as we celebrate the end of what is sure to be an epic week in Arizona.

February 2018



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February 2018

The SKIDRIL G20D Ultra-Driver easy, fast post driver Weighing less than 40 pounds and requiring no hoses, cables or external power source the G20 is the tool if you’ve got fence to mend or build. The gas powered G20 can drive T-Post, ground rods and round steel post up to 3”. Its even fun!

SKIDRIL has been providing fencing machines for nearly 30 years so you can count on the G20D Ultra-Driver.

On-Off simplicity. Few moving parts.

Simple 4-cycle OHV engine or powerful 2-cycle. Only $995 – 2-stroke and $1195.00 – 4-stroke Honda. (3 engine makes available.)

Drive T-post, round post and more with up to 1800 impacts per minute. 40 ft.-lbs. of impact energy. ●

Air cushion dampening for virtually no recoil means no need for springs or extra parts.

High efficiency, 1 qt./hr. Drive hundreds of post on one gallon of gas!

Light weight and portable

12-month parts and labor warranty

P.O. Box 8041 Greensboro, NC 27419

Call today and order yours! Tel: 800-843-3745 • Fax: 336-674-6690

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Eliminates Burrowing Rodents Pressurized Exhaust Rodent Control (PERC)

H&M Gopher Control Mfg. & Sales

Toll-Free 855-667-5181 • Office 530-667-5181 • Cell 530-640-3981 NO explosives NO poison bait

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Free-Standing Corral Panels Make Your Life Easier! Built Double J Tough for Years of Service

24' and 30' Free-Standing Panels – 5'8" High NEW! 2-3/8” All-Pipe Free-Standing Panel

25' Free-Standing Windbreak Panels – 7'6" High

Gates, Feeder Panels, Bale Feeders, Feed Bunks DELIVERY AVAILABLE

Double J Mfg & Repair, Inc. 701-485-3511



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• Easy to load and unload • Easy self contained hook

and pin connection

• Holds up to 32 panels • Available in 6’,8’,10’,

and 12’ foot lengths

Cattle Handling & Feed Equipment

10' FEED BUNK All 14 ga. Steel Construction Dealer Inquires Welcome

Cattle Working Chutes • Portable Corral Panels & Trailers • Bulk Bins • Big Bale Ring Feeders • Big Bale Movers • Bale Stingers • Portable Creep Feeders • Rancher Series Hydraulic Chutes • Manual Chutes • Adjustable Alleys • Sweep Tubs

3-TON PORTABLE BIN Green’s Welding & Sales Appleton City, MO 660-476-5598



February 2018



“Cattle Friendly – Performance Driven” Brute Double Wedge Alley Facility. Safe, Efficient, Strong, The Brute Way! TM

Iff the Chute Fits, Swear Byy It!

Improved chute design to improve your cattle performance.

Process your cattle in the 21st Century

Toll Free: 866-441-2555

February 2018





February 2018


this ain’t no bull!

The AUTO EASY FEEDER comes in 4', 8', and 16' FENCE LINE FEEDER

• Concrete Cattle Feeders Fence Line • Super-Tanker Freeze-Proof Stock Tank


Contact us today for more information!

• Freeze-Proof Pond Tank • Delivery in the Cont. U.S. Over 250,000 Sold!


The AUTO EASY FEEDER is a PROGRAMMABLE FEEDER, which dispenses different types and sizes of bulk feed, textured-type feed and all size cubes.


Why Pay More?






NONELECTRIC Cattle & Horse Drinker

Continuous Fresh Water • Self-Cleaning • Does Not Freeze

800-451-2230 •


Common Sense Mfg. • HEAVY DUTY hydraulic wire winder

CORRAL DESIGN BOOK $55 - 2nd edition 40 different layouts plus details of loading ramp, gates, chutes and crowd pen. 22 photos. CATTLE HANDLING VIDEO VHS $59. DVD $68 with additional Spanish video and picture cd.

• Mounts to 3-point hitch or loader bucket • AVAILABLE IN GREEN


Send check or money order to: Grandin Livestock Systems Inc., 3504 North Shields, Fort Collins, CO 80524

970-229-0703 • February 2018





Livestock Oilers

Proven Effective for Fly & Lice Control

• Accommodates all

sizes of livestock or Without Brush • Heavy Duty Galvanized Frames • With

Diers Ag & Trailer Sales

Scratches them where they itch, oils them where they scratch!

Howard Lake, MN 320-543-2861 888-515-1320

Charlies’ Cowdogs NEW RELEASE

How to Train & Handle the Cowdog TWO DISC SET

Registered Hangin Tree Cowdogs and Puppies for sale. Over 20 years of breeding, training and using Hangin Tree Cowdogs. ALL MAJOR CREDIT CARDS ACCEPTED Founding Member of the WRCA

Charlie Trayer • 940-453-6708



Gateway Pipe & Supply Inc. Used Steel Pipe & Railroad Tank & Flat Cars

Authorized Garmin Dealer

Livestock Mineral Feeders


• • • • •

Irrigation Structures Pond Drainage Bridges

Culvert Special! RR Tank Car Shells 7' to 10' diameter

Phone: 618-632-6770 Matt or Jules Eversgerd


AmeriAg 877-551-4916



February 2018

MACHINERY & PRODUCTS NEW HOLL AND BALE WAGONS: I sell a n d bu y S elf- P r opelle d & Pull-type two/three wide models — ­ H/9880, H/9870, BW38, BW28, 1095, 1089, 1085, 1079, 1078, 1075, 1069, 1068, 1049, 1048, 1037, 1036, 1033, 1032, & other models, parts, and tires. Can finance/trade/deliver. Call Jim Wilhite 208-880-2889 anytime.

Duralite Trailers, LLC Sleek Aerodynamic Nose

MISCELLANEOUS WANTED: Old barns or barn lumber or old city buildings/warehouses in WI, IN, IL and IA. Cell 309-2531317 or email at REAL ESTATE Prime Hunting in Hillsdale County MI. Numerous hunting blinds and tree stands placed throughout the 49+ acres where big bucks have been mounted. Silver Creek runs through the property. 28 x 32 pole barn. Two bedroom mobile home. Turn key, many amenities included in sale. $235,000. Call Lorraine at Faust Real Estate, LLC 517-6056950.

All Riveted All Aluminum All the Time!

Dealers Wanted 1-800-437-8931 Reader Service No. 5601



NC 11/21/12 Acreage 12/10/12 NC 1/3/13 MFG 1/25/13 Southern 1/31/13 NC 3/14/13 NC 4/11/13 MFG 5/3/13 ACREAGE 5-13-13 NC 5/30/13 ACREAGE 6-13-13 Heartland 7/18/13 MFG 7/26/13 nc 8-29-13 Heartland 9/12/13 NC 9/26/13 MFG 10/11/13 NC 11/21/13 americancattlemen

February 2018



American Cattlemen February 2018  
American Cattlemen February 2018