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New student organization teaches about cryptocurrency see FEATURES / PAGE 3

WOMENS TRACK AND FIELD

Bowman breaks school record in the mile

‘Black Mirror’ explores white fetishization of black death in ‘Black Museum’ see ARTS&LIVING / PAGE 4

SEE SPORTS / BACK PAGE

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Katy Tur to headline 2018 Edward R. Murrow Forum on Issues in Journalism by Austin Clementi Contributing Writer

The Jonathan M. Tisch College of Civic Life will host NBC News journalist Katy Tur as its main speaker for the thirteenth annual Edward R. Murrow Forum on Issues in Journalism on Wednesday, April 11, at noon. The forum, held in conjunction with the Department of Film and Media Studies and the Edward R. Murrow Center for a Digital World, is part of the Tisch College Distinguished Speaker Series. The event is spearheaded by Professor Julie Dobrow of the Film and Media Studies Department, who has been involved in the Murrow Forum since its conception. Dobrow stated that its creation was inspired by the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy’s collection of papers from CBS journalist Edward R. Murrow’s library. “It just made sense because we have the majority of Edward R. Murrow’s papers at Tufts that we do an event named for Murrow,” she said. Dobrow said she worked with Neal Shapiro (LA ’80), former executive producer of “Dateline NBC” and current CEO of WNET, to select the speaker for this event. Dobrow also stated that the speaker is interviewed each year by Jonathan Tisch (A ’76), Chairman Emeritus of the United States Travel Association who serves on Tufts’ Board of Trustees. “[Tisch] is a marvelous interviewer and [he’s] become a really important part of the tradition,” Dobrow stated.

Jen McAndrew, the Director of Communication and Strategy Planning at Tisch College, said she views the forum as a celebration of journalism’s role in society. “This event is really a recognition … that bringing high profile journalists and anchors to campus to have a candid conversation for students really advances all of our learning of how journalism and media work and how they contribute to informing the public on important issues,” McAndrew said. She added that this is the second year Tisch College has been involved in planning the event. Civic-mindedness in media consumption will also be central to the forum, according to Jessica Byrnes, Special Projects Administrator at Tisch College, who sensed that the public generally views media consumption as passive. “I think it’s important to reframe that idea of what it means to consume media and to produce media,” she said. Tur, the featured speaker, was NBC’s embedded reporter for the Trump campaign throughout the 2016 Republican primaries and the general election. During the election campaign, she appeared on television nearly 4,000 times, according to a press release by Tisch College. For her coverage of the election, Tur received the Walter Cronkite Award for Excellence in Television Journalism, according to the press release. She currently works as an NBC News correspondent and anchors the 2 p.m. hour of “MSNBC Live.”

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Katy Tur speaks at an event titled “The War at Home: Trump and the Mainstream Media” on March 16, 2017. While at Tufts, Tur will hold a signing for her 2017 book “Unbelievable: My Front-Row Seat to the Craziest Campaign in American History,” based on her experiences covering the 2016 election. Dobrow stated that Tur’s “front seat” position in the Trump campaign as well as her success in its coverage made her an optimal speaker. “I’m hoping that this will be an opportunity for students, regardless of their political affiliation, to come and learn from somebody who I think has had a really interesting perch to observe what’s been going on in our country for the last couple of years,” she said.

“I think she represents a new generation of journalists who are doing some really interesting and cutting-edge things,” Dobrow added. McAndrew reaffirmed Dobrow’s sentiment that Tur represents a new trend in journalism. Referring to the fact that then-candidate Trump had ridiculed Tur along with other journalists, McAndrew added that Tur has had “really interesting experiences with being both the reporter and being in the story.” “I’m really interested in talking about that and hearing about the perspective. I’m sure students are, too,” she said.

University looks to create data science major, expand community health major by Ethan Isenman and Kunal Kapur Contributing Writers

Over the past three years the university has taken steps to implement and expand programs in response to student demands. In particular, Tufts plans to implement a new major in data science, according to Dean of the School of Engineering Jianmin Qu, and is adding resources to the Community Health (CH) major. Qu explained that though data science is not currently offered, the School of Engineering hopes to offer it as a new undergraduate major next fall. This weekend, the Board of Trustees will vote on whether to approve the major, according to Professor of Computer Science Lenore Cowen.

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Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering Shafiqul Islam said data science is increasing in popularity in colleges and universities across the country. “Student interest in data science is pretty high. Over the last three or four years, I can tell you at least 40-50 new degree programs have opened up across the country,” Islam said. “Why is this happening? Because there is a sense, in the business community, in the student community, in the professional community, that data will give us something that we have not had before.” Islam also addressed the need for an education in data science in today’s world. “Data by itself has no value,” Islam said. “Data can only have value when it can deliver insight for making something for the future.”

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Cowen echoed Islam’s sentiments. “We’re having these big, massive data sets, and a lot of value can be unlocked in figuring out how to analyze those data sets,” Cowen told the Daily in an email. Cowen said the data science major is meant to reach across a variety of fields. She added that job opportunities for students with a data science major range from work in the financial sector to public health. Cowen expanded on how the new major would achieve this interdisciplinary nature. “When we structured the new major in data science, what we did deliberately is we have an area concentration… you get this disciplinary breadth concentration and you take that in a particular department,” she explained.

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Islam elaborated on the specific construction of the major. “For us to develop the data science major, what we need are four types of knowledge and skill bases … formal knowledge … practice techniques … something in policy and decision making … [and how] to communicate findings that you have from data so that your insight gets put into action,” he said. Cowen said that the collection of data can raise complex moral and ethical issues. To address this concern, she said the university plans to incorporate ethics classes into the major so that students learn how to handle data responsibly. Like data science, public health is one of the fastest growing majors nation-

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THE TUFTS DAILY | News | Thursday, February 15, 2018

THE TUFTS DAILY Catherine Perloff Editor-in-Chief

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Community Health: An area of growth for the university

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continued from page 1 wide, according to a report published by the Association of Schools & Program of Public Health and the de Beaumont Foundation, using National Center for Educational Statistics. The Association of American Colleges and Universities has named public health a “capacious vision of liberal education.” Allen said that community health is an interdisciplinary major that covers a broad spectrum of fields. It exposes students to contemporary public health issues and solutions, while crossing over

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into fields such as economics, history, and sociology, she explained. Possible careers include research, work in the government and work with community-based organizations. Allen referenced research which said market demand for community health has increased. A 2008 study found that 250,000 community health-related jobs would need to be filled for 2020. “We will also see exponential growth in the elderly population … we need more people with training in community/public health now, more than ever,” she told the Daily in an email.

Tufts Institute of the Environment to launch Master of Science in Sustainable Water Management by Melissa Kain

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The Tufts Collaborative Learning and Innovation Complex, where the department of Community Health is housed, is pictured here on Oct. 12, 2015.

The CH major has grown by 20-25 percent in enrollment since it was introduced as a primary major in 2015, according to Professor Jennifer Allen, the chair of the CH department. Previously, CH had only been available as a second or third major. Over the last four years, the department has hired three tenure-track faculty and two lecturers to bolster the ranks of community health professors, she added. Allen said the department is still in the process of figuring out how to meet increasing student interest. She acknowledged that the recent success has led to some growing pains, commenting that the student-to-faculty ratio is still relatively high (40:1), and that enrollment in most courses spills over into waitlists. “We feel like we have been so successful that we are now struggling with the effects of our success,” she said. The challenge now is to expand the major’s faculty and course offerings without putting a financial strain on the university, according to Allen. She said the administration has shown support for the major, and she remains optimistic that the department will be able to find creative solutions to solve this problem. “A key theme throughout all of our courses is that health is a human right,” Allen said. “Social justice requires that we take immediate and meaningful action to eliminate health disparities. I think that these are values that many [at] Tufts share.”

Tufts Institute of the Environment (TIE) will be launching a new Master of Science in Sustainable Water Management (SWM) this fall, according to TIE Director Dr. Linda Abriola. According to TIE’s website, students enrolled in this yearlong program can follow one of four program tracks: Water Diplomacy; Water, Food and Energy; Water Infrastructure for Human Development; and Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) in International Development and Humanitarian Response. According to Nitsan Shakked, Associate Director of TIE, a certificate program called Water: Systems, Science, & Society (WSSS) had been operating out of TIE in the past. However, she said that there has been a higher demand for water professionals in the job market as of late. “In the domain of water education, there are not many academic institutions that educate students in an interdisciplinary holistic way, as the SWM program is designed to do,” Shakked said. Abriola, who previously served as the Dean of the School of Engineering, stressed the importance of training students to take on new roles in the water field. “In the environmental arena, we believe that there is a need for leaders who are going to be able to lead projects, who will take charge of trying to blend the [natural] science and the social science and the engineering together … We think that this leadership is so important because of the problems that society faces now with regards to water shortages, climate change, [and] urban development,” Abriola said. Furthermore, Abriola and Shakked emphasized the interdisciplinary nature of the SWM program, which incorporates professors and faculty from across Tufts schools, including the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, which is hosting the application process, and the School of Engineering.

“By drawing on the intellectual capital of its faculty and years of experience with the WSSS Certificate program as well as the Water Diplomacy PhD Program, Tufts has a stronger leading position in the field of water,” Shakked said. According to Abriola, four new classes have been developed for the SWM program, which will be team-taught by faculty across disciplines and schools. These courses will cover topics such as water science and systems, water economics, water policy and research methods, she said. The SWM program will also incorporate a summer practicum for students to gain work experience in the area they are interested in, such as working with the government or an non-governmental organization, according to Abriola. Shakked said that she hopes the program will teach students new ways to solve problems related to water fields. “I hope that what [students] gain from it is an integrated understanding of how water problems should be solved from a scientific point of view … as well as with the social sciences lens, in order to make it long lasting and sustainable,” she said. Lily Hartzell, a senior studying international relations and environmental studies, expressed enthusiasm about the new Master of Science in SWM. “I think it’s a really interesting and important program. We’ve talked a lot in the environmental studies major at Tufts about how important and pressing water is right now, particularly transboundary water issues … Those are important things to be able to resolve, especially as climate change makes water supplies less and less reliable. I think having a master’s program like that at Tufts is a great idea,” she said. Shakked added that few programs like this one exist. “This is a very unique program. We are lucky to be at Tufts, where there is so much knowledge and experience in the field of water, to develop the SWM programs,” she said.

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Linda M. Abriola, Director of Tufts Institute of the Environment (TIE), poses for a portrait Jan. 17, 2013. When Abriola began as TIE director last September, it was decided that TIE would manage the relationship between Greentown Labs and Tufts. Abriola echoed Shakked’s enthusiasm for the SWM program. “I’m really personally excited about this because it’s something that I wanted to do as a dean … to be able to develop a program that will allow participation from faculty from so many of Tufts’ schools, I think, is a real strength, and I’m really excited about that. I think it’s a great model for education going forward,” she said. According to Shakked, an information session will take place at TIE’s office in Miller Hall to present the program and answer questions for interested students on Wednesday, Feb. 21, from 11:45 a.m. to 12:45 p.m. The second application deadline for the Master of Science in SWM is April 1.


Thursday, February 15, 2018

Features

A new club for students to learn about blockchain technology, cryptocurrency

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Dorothy Neher How Tufts works

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Dan Grichevsky, founder of Tufts’ first cryptocurrency trading club, poses for a portrait in The Collaborative Learning and Innovation Complex on Feb. 12.

by Ana Maria Samper Staff Writer

Money is not everything, but it is something we can’t do without. Factors like efficiency, practicality and technology have led to an evolving perspective of what can be used for currency: from barter, to coins, to paper money, to gold standards, to its newest form, cryptocurrencies. The new Tufts Blockchain and Cryptocurrency Club, co-founded by juniors Daniel Grichevsky and David Lackner, wants to offer a space on campus to discuss this new frontier in finance and technology, according to its chief financial officer Zackary MacQueen. “We want to educate the Tufts student body on blockchain technologies and discuss its broad applications,” MacQueen, a senior, said. According to its leadership, the club is divided into three pillars — hardware, software and investment — and it hopes to attract members of both technical and non-technical backgrounds. Chief marketing officer Isabel Machlin expressed her hope that the club will draw people of all identities and backgrounds. “I [especially] want to encourage other women, regardless of their major, to check out our club and see if one of these angles resonates with them,” Machlin, a junior, said. Secretary Daniel Kaltman talked about the club’s educational focus for the immediate future. “[We hope to] foster discussions and presentations based on real world blockchain applications, like artificial intelligence, voting, supply chains and finance,” Kaltman, a junior, said. “We are already in contact with alumni and professors who will be interested in presenting at our meetings.” Machlin added that it is important for college students to stay on top of developments that will have a major impact on the future. “[Blockchain technology] will revolutionize the way that our financial,

political, medical and social institutions work,” she said. Grichevsky, the club’s vice president, shared that the club is choosing to focus on education first because even as investment in cryptocurrencies has been growing exponentially, people are investing money into something that they do not fully understand. “This is causing many of the issues that we are facing right now — the ‘Bitcoin bubble’ for example,” he said. Recently, the news about the ‘Bitcoin bubble’ bursting spread through the internet, leaving many confused as to what Bitcoin entails, why the bubble was created and why it burst. MacQueen suggested that this bubble is comparable to the dot-com bubble of the late 1990s. “The ideas behind the technology are revolutionary but are not ready for mainstream adoption,” MacQueen said. “I think in 10 years there will be a cryptocoin that replicates the transaction time, security and adoption that is comparable to dollars.” MacQueen explained that blockchains are digital ledgers in which transactions made in cryptocurrencies are recorded and are public to all those who hold the currency. “Blockchain has the power to revolutionize the internet by providing security and continuity,” MacQueen said. According to Machlin, one of the most important characteristics of blockchains is decentralization, which she explained as the absence of a central bank monitoring transactions or the amount of currency in the market. “Just to give you an example, blockchain has the ability to make financial intermediaries obsolete by connecting sellers and buyers directly,” she said. Kaltman further explained that the fine distinction between blockchain and Bitcoin frequently confuses people. “Bitcoin is nothing without blockchain technology, but blockchain technology is something without Bitcoin,” Kaltman said.

“[Bitcoin] is extremely volatile, but that may have to do with the number of new investors entering the market daily.” He shared that the club’s leadership feels like it is the time to create this community because of the attention the subject is receiving on social media and news. “It has come to a point where we are seeing many prominent companies come forward to start integrating blockchain technology into their infrastructure,” Kaltman said. Some members of the organization invest in cryptocurrency. For example, Kaltman shared that he holds investments in more than 15 different cryptocurrencies, such as Nano, 0x and SingularityNET. MacQueen explained that a majority of people likely invest in Bitcoin, Ethereum and Litecoin. “Most trading will happen with these three cryptocurrencies simply because these are easily accessible,” MacQueen said. Lackner, the club’s president, gave his take on why students invest in cryptocurrencies. “[Most people who invest] enjoy the anonymity behind the technology and keep their investments to themselves,” he said. Aside from investment, people can also get involved in the cryptocurrency space through mining. Sophomore Sebastian Coates, who is familiar with blockchain technology, explained that miners are rewarded with cryptocurrency coins by compiling transactions into the blockchain. He added that he chooses to participate in mining rather than investing. The club seeks to be an educational platform on a subject that is of growing importance, and hopes to encourage being informed about technology, even if the end goal is not investment, according to Lackner. “The ‘Bitcoin bubble’ may pop one day, but blockchain technology will still be around, making the world a better place,” Lackner said.

Big flavor

ozens of students are waiting for food at Carmichael Dining Center. Surprisingly, it’s not stir-fry night. It’s Thursday and these people are waiting for something called “Balanced Plate Big Flavor,” another themed food station. Given the plethora of alternative options, this long line sparks my interest. I soon find out that part of the appeal of Balanced Plate is its creator himself, Ryan Geanacopoulos. Ryan, a Tufts Dining sous chef, delicately plates meals for students from behind the counter. As he works, he describes the food with a contagious level of enthusiasm. The results are consistently delicious, impeccably presented, healthful meals. Given his skills, one would guess that Ryan was born cooking and eating gourmet food. However, as the child of two working parents, he claims his childhood diet primarily featured pre-made, packaged items. “I didn’t know mac and cheese was white until I got to culinary school,” he admits. Technical training opened his eyes to the creative possibilities that cooking presents. After graduating, Ryan achieved success when his recipe for sun-dried tomatoes pesto was used on the Food Network by Sara Moulton, the Gourmet Magazine executive chef at the time. Over the next few years, Ryan alternated between working at five-star restaurants and neighborhood favorites. Since then, his career has included stints at The Ritz-Carlton in Orlando, the press booth at Fenway Park and a molecular gastronomy restaurant in Boston, among many others. Directly before coming to Tufts, Ryan worked at Stephanie’s on Newbury as the creative director of the restaurant’s specials menu. Working at one of Boston’s best known restaurants was a pivotal moment in his career. It was the “largest opportunity I had to expose my food,” he says. Interestingly, he has replicated many of the same recipes he invented at Stephanie’s for “Balanced Plate Big Flavor.” The broadness of the menu for this themed night, including 21 dishes and 113 separate recipes, requires him to draw upon tried and true dishes that have already run successfully in restaurants. In addition to his knack for creativity, Ryan attributes his success to both luck and the women role models of his life. He strongly believes that the conversational and learning experiences he had with his high school home economics teacher and other female chefs throughout his career have enriched his cooking. These relationships forged in the kitchen continue to be major sources of inspiration in his life. Sadly, Ryan feels that young people are not forming the same invaluable interpersonal connections that he has built in the kitchen. Given his strong feelings about the power of cooking, it makes sense that in order to spend more time with his family, Ryan decided to leave the cut-throat restaurant business to work at Tufts. Now, Ryan regularly cooks with his threeyear-old daughter and even gave her a set of kitchen tools. Although a knife-wielding toddler sounds like my version of hell’s kitchen, I am certainly glad his career switch has allowed him to join the Tufts dining team. Dorothy Neher is a sophomore majoring in international relations and Spanish. Dorothy can be reached at dorothy.neher@tufts.edu.


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THE TUFTS DAILY | ADVERTISEMENT | Thursday, February 15, 2018

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IGL Student Group Speaker Series

1/4 MIGRATION 1/8 FULL AD

TODAY, February 15, 12:00pm, Cabot 206

Lessons Learned from Za’atari Refugee Camp in Jordan Michael Niconchuk (A’11) Michael Niconchuk spent seven years working with post-conflict and displaced communities in Latin America and the Middle East, particularly with young people at risk of violence and conflict with the law. A graduate of Tufts University and the University College London, with degrees in International Relations and Social Cognition, he has known since his time as an undergraduate, working with former guerrilla combatants in Guatemala as part of the IGL’s BUILD program, that his passion lies in the space where the violent realities of international politics meet deeply held beliefs, schemas, and psychological profiles. After a brief stint at the World Economic Forum, he worked for three years as an Emergency Response Coordinator in Za’atari Refugee Camp in Jordan, leading various projects on violence reduction, youth leadership, and alternative education. He then pursued his graduate education as a Fulbright Scholar at University College London and continued to work with Syrian refugees across various stages of their migration journey—from Greece, to Germany, to Canada, and the United States—conducting research on the links between forced displacement, belonging, psychology, and social behavior, and assisting in the design of programs that promote trauma-informed approaches to inclusion, participation, and violence prevention. Currently, he is a researcher, technical consultant, and program designer, and is an Innovation Fellow for Beyond Conflict and Head Researcher for Between Borders.

Upcoming Lectures: Wednesday, February 21, 6:00pm, Cabot 205

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Beyond the US-Mexican Border: Human and Policy Challenges of Transit Migration through Mexico Katrina Burgess

Associate Professor of Political Economy, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University

Thursday, February 22, 12:00pm, Cabot 206

Weapons of Mass Migration Kelly Greenhill

Director of the International Relations Program and Associate Professor of Political Science at Tufts University; Author, Weapons of Mass Migration: Forced Displacement, Coercion and Foreign Policy

Wednesday, March 14, 12:00pm, Barnum 104

Refugee Resettlement in Massachusetts Mary Truong Executive Director of the Massachusetts Office for Refugees and Immigrants

Wednesday, March 28, 12:00pm, Barnum 104

Migration and the Indian Sub-Continent Ayesha Jalal Mary Richardson Professor of History, South Asia and the Muslim World; Director of the Center for South Asian and Indian Ocean Studies, Arts and Sciences and The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University

For more information: tuftsgloballeadership.org or 617.627.3314


Arts & Living

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Thursday, February 15, 2018

In ‘Black Mirror’s’ ‘Black Museum,’ black death is a white aphrodisiac Contributing Writer

“The over-riding fear is that cultural, ethnic and racial difference will be continually commodified and offered up as new dishes to enhance the white palate – that the Other will be eaten, consumed, and forgotten.” — bell hooks, “Eating the Other: Desire and Resistance” (1992). By the end of season four, episode six of “Black Mirror” (2011–), Rolo Haynes (Douglas Hodge) has been replaced by Nish (Letitia Wright) as the episode’s narrator. The episode’s storytelling nexus switches its positionality from the perspective of a white man to that of a black woman — relinquishing Haynes’ authorial hold on the story-within-the-story and repositioning Nish as a character with narrative agency. This is key — from the outset of the episode, Nish is depicted as the unsuspecting traveler preyed upon by the seemingly lecherous Rolo, purveyor of macabre technology at the aptly named “Black Museum.” Though each of his anecdotes is haunting in its overtones of both narrative and real-world inevitability, each one serves as a filler for the forthcoming action. Rolo, like his stories, is a red herring. They are stories rooted in the narrative arc that has made “Black Mirror” as popular a show as it is today; technical advances force both viewers and characters within the vignettes to grapple with our Icarian pursuit of an asymptotic omnipotence as it drives us further away from each other, deeper into despair. The despair of “Black Mirror” has always been attached to a somewhat whitewashed understanding of despair — themes allude to and include reference to the nuanced despair of the systematically othered (“The Martian,” “Crocodile,” “Men Against Fire”) without unequivocally critiquing the status quo. Alas, “Black Museum” bucks that trend. This other, othered despair is approached, tackled, wrestled to the ground and exposed

for the world to see in a striking image during the episode’s final crescendo. Rolo’s last story is one about Clayton (Babs Olusanmokun), a black man accused and convicted of murdering a woman reporter. A virtual projection of Clayton’s consciousness sits on the floor of a jail cell, to be put to death over and over again by electric chair. Women torture Clayton’s projection. Men torture Clayton’s projection. After sentencing Clayton to another death, each of their faces, like Rolo’s, features a stunned smile. After the visitors have delighted themselves with their torture, they receive a copy of Clayton’s mind on a keychain: “Stuck forever in that beautiful moment of agony. Always on. Always suffering.” Those smiles are indictment enough against the consumption of black pain as spectacle, but “Black Mirror” takes the critique even further. Nish, revealed to be a self-righteous avenger, tells us the true story about Clayton: that he was falsely accused, that his family cared and fought for him and that the museum, wracked with the financial burden of bad press, began to serve a seedier clientele. After the protests hit, “Who was left?” Nish asks. Her voiceover gives way to a haunting visual — a white man in austere dress pulls the lever, condemning Clayton to another endless death and proceeds to touch himself and unbuckle his belt. The insinuation is clear: This man seeks to get off on the experience of watching Clayton’s misery. Though the episode may separate this man from the families and day-trippers by virtue of Rolo’s embellished story and Nish’s vindictive one, they are both delighting in the same death. This man is an auxiliary for the most biting claim posed by “Black Museum”: Dominant, heteronormative white culture gorges itself and gets off on the despair, suffering and deaths of black people. Here, black suffering becomes a potent cultural aphrodisiac; “Black Mirror” pathologizes white culture with a fetish for the deaths and re-deaths of black people.

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THE TUFTS DAILY | Arts & Living | Thursday, February 15, 2018

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‘The 15:17 to Paris’ is a forceful fusion of non-fiction, real life by Rebecca Tang Staff Writer

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A promotional posted for The 15:17 to Paris (2018) is pictured. U.S. armed forces. The film captures Stone’s admiration for the selfless spirits of dutiful soldiers and the enormous physical and mental efforts that he exerts to become one. However, the protagonists’ eventual trip to Europe seems average, if not dull, featuring their visits to some of the most stereotypical European tourist sights, such as the Trevi fountain, Venice and bars in Amsterdam. Following such a long build-up to the climax, the train attack is surprisingly quick, as it likely had been in real life. The director, Clint Eastwood, did not add many dramatic cinematic effects, such as slow motion or artificial lighting that

could provoke claustrophobia to the attack scenes. El Khazzani is restrained by the trio and several other passengers within the first few minutes after El Khazzani shoots one of the passengers and injures Stone. There is no doubt, not even on a dramatic level, as to which side will win. To assert his anti-spectacle spirit even more, Eastwood cast Stone, Sadler and Skarlatos to portray themselves in the film. Eastwood’s experimental casting choice has mixed consequences. On one hand, it is nice to think that the personalities of the three heroes are likely not improperly appropriated, given that they play themselves in the film. On the other

hand, however, as non-professional actors the three are limited in their abilities to express emotions in a film. A film translates experiences into visual and auditory representations. The film screen both physically and metaphorically separates the film’s audience from its characters. Therefore, it is safe to say that many times, dramatic cinematographic choices are made to prevent the exaggeration of the story, and to retain its original qualities by making up for what is filtered out by the film screen. “The 15:17 to Paris” shows that films can avoid making real events a spectacle but also should not sacrifice cinematic quality.

ION OF STA IAT TE OC

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An implicit standard of judgment held against non-fiction films is their faithfulness to the original event. However, a meaningful non-fiction film is not a re-enactment of real life, but rather an analysis of it. When a non-fiction film suggests an understanding of the real-life event, it avoids bland repetition. Non-fiction films should be autonomous creations that are closely related, not entirely contingent upon their real-life inspiration. However, the recently released film “The 15:17 to Paris” (2018) seems to intentionally violate this principle. “The 15:17 to Paris” is adapted from the 2016 memoir “The 15:17 to Paris: The True Story of a Terrorist, a Train and Three American Heroes.” Written by Anthony Sadler, Alek Skarlatos, Spencer Stone and Jeffrey E. Stern, the memoir recounts the first three American co-authors’ heroic undertaking of subduing a gunman on a train from Amsterdam to Paris. On Aug. 21, 2015, Sadler, Skarlatos and Stone, three close friends since childhood, boarded the train to reach Paris, the next stop on their trip through Europe. As the train traveled, Ayoub El Khazzani came out from the lavatory half-naked with a gun and a backpack full of ammunition. Sadler, Skarlatos and Stone, with the help of other passengers, restrained El Khazzani, saving many lives. The film “The 15:17 to Paris” attempts to deliver a rather literal recreation of the trio’s experience of fighting El Khazzani and their coming-of-age. Beginning and ending in Sacramento, Calif., the film follows the three protagonists from their middle school years through the parade that celebrated their heroic feat. The film dedicates the majority of its time to showing the backstories of the protagonists, which are only distantly related to the climax toward the end of the film. The film recounts Stone, Skarlatos and Sadler’s frequent visits to the principal’s office for trivial misconducts, such as swearing and being late to class. Not long after the three become close friends through this unusual bond, Skarlatos moves away from Sacramento, marking the end of their high school years in the film. The director does seem to have intentionally foreshadowed the trio’s heroic action on the train by emphasizing their love of playing war games as high schoolers. However, the depiction of such hobbies together through a montage of scenes involving the train attack could be misleading to an audience unfamiliar with the real event. The part of the film showing the trio’s high school experience is constantly interspersed with either back shots or headless front shots of El Khazzani walking through the crowd in the train station. The background music foreshadows a sinister near future. Because the face of El Khazzani is kept secret, the viewers have reasons to infer that Stone, Sadler and Skarlatos’ love for fighting as boys are hints connecting one or all of them with the unknown but inauspicious man from the montage. The second part of the story recounts Stone and Skarlatos’ decision to join the

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Thursday, February 15, 2018 | Comics | THE TUFTS DAILY

tuftsdaily.com

Comics

LATE NIGHT AT THE DAILY Cathy: “There’s something really loving about cheesecake.”

Comics

Puzzle 1 (Hard, difficulty rating 0.64)

SUDOKU

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BY JIM DAVIS

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Difficulty Level: Figuring out the difference between an axel and a lutz. Generated by http://www.opensky.ca/sudoku on Mon Feb 12 01:41:07 2018 GMT. Enjoy!

Wednesday’s Solution

NON SEQUITUR BY WILEY MILLER

CROSSWORD

Wednesday’s Solution

CARROLL'S Monday- $1 Oysters & Clams Tuesday- $2 Tacos & Sliders (Bar Only) Wednesday- $7 Burgers. Add a beer for $3 (restrictions apply) Thursday- Select 1/2 Priced App's (Bar Only) Friday- $1 Oysters & Clams (Bar Only) 4-6 Saturday-$18.95 Prime Rib w Mashed

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Opinion

Thursday, February 15, 2018

OP-ED

If at first you don’t succeed by Jamie Neikrie In his first State of the Union address, President Trump signaled his intent to bring welfare reform back to the forefront of the American policy debate. “We can lift our citizens from welfare to work, from dependence to independence, and from poverty to prosperity,” President Trump proclaimed. This language is familiar. Rhetorical arguments that poverty results from a lack of will – a resistance to hard work – have formed the backbone of conservative rhetoric for decades now. But in overhauling the American welfare system, the current White House and Congress will look to a law passed under a Democrat. On Aug. 22, 1996, President Bill Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) into law. President Clinton’s reforms stemmed from the same logic that runs through the rhetoric of President Trump and, more concretely, Speaker of the House Paul Ryan: that welfare is a trap that disincentivizes work. Only by restricting and diminishing welfare programs can we create a system in which needy families are driven to escape the culture of dependency and become self-sufficient members of the American economy. With this framework in mind, PRWORA radically reshaped the American welfare system, placing work requirements and time limits on a number of major programs for low-income families and children. With these policies once again coming to the forefront of the national policy debate, it is worth looking back on the effects of Clinton’s welfare reform. PRWORA replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program – which had been in place since 1935

– with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), a new family welfare program. TANF, which provides cash assistance to poor families with dependent children, differed from AFDC through the inclusion of time limits and work requirements. The federal government suggests recipients receive a maximum of 60 months of benefits under TANF, though individual states can institute shorter periods. In addition, TANF recipients are required to find a job within 24 months of receiving aid. Most importantly, PRWORA altered the child welfare system by making TANF a block grant program, which gives states greater authority over how and when to provide benefits. As you will see, states like Maine have used this power to drop benefits far below federal standards. Maine is the most salient lens through which to view the effects of PRWORA because the law granted increasing leeway to states, many of which have followed Maine’s leadership on welfare policy in recent years. Prior to Governor Paul LePage’s election in 2011, Maine offered one of the nation’s most comprehensive welfare systems. In 2008, 13.8 percent of Mainers received benefits from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), also known as food stamps, a figure that placed it second in the country. Meanwhile, 4.8 percent of Maine household received TANF benefits in 2008, which ranked second in the nation. Maine had the second-highest number of residents enrolled in Medicaid (27%) and appeared poised to adopt state expansion of Medicaid under the recently passed Affordable Care Act (ACA). Overall, Maine ranked second in the nation in total state welfare expenditures before LePage’s reform, using more than 30 percent of

overall state expenditures to maintain the state’s safety net. With PRWORA in place as the national standard, LePage was empowered to enact some of the nation’s most stringent welfare restrictions. LePage and the Maine State Legislature capped TANF benefits at 60 months – the federal standard under PRWORA – and eliminated most of the extenuating circumstances under which residents can receive lifetime benefits. They also lowered MaineCare eligibility to 133 percent of the federal poverty level (from 200) and instituted a series of penalties meant to discourage welfare fraud, though the state has prosecuted just ten fraud cases in 2010. Finally, LePage’s first budget required convicted drug felons to be drug tested as a condition of receiving welfare. “This budget encourages hard work and independence through needed welfare reforms,” LePage said in 2011. To be clear, the decline in workload for Maine’s welfare is not representative of a decline in need. While TANF cases have steadily declined since 2011, the number of Maine children living in extreme poverty has increased since LePage took office. During this period, extreme child poverty in Maine has increased at a rate eight times faster than the rest of the United States. “Maine is the poster child for just cutting people off and not connecting them with jobs or other prospects, and that gets billed as success,” said Liz Schott, a senior fellow with the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, a liberal think tank that specializes in poverty relief programs. “How can you call it success when poverty hasn’t gone down?” Because of the discretion PRWORA granted to states to operate their own

welfare systems, LePage has been able to implement his anti-welfare agenda simply by withholding benefits. Every year of LePage’s tenure, Maine has received a TANF block grant of $78 million. While TANF is primarily known as a program that provides cash assistance to low-income families with dependent children, there is no requirement in PRWORA that states use the money solely for cash assistance. Many states have used the TANF block grant to appropriate funds for education, child care and job training. Maine has simply chosen not to use the money at all. In 2011, when LePage took office, Maine spent more than 60 percent of the $78 million grant it was awarded by the federal government. But in 2016, it spent just 14 percent of that money. In Governor LePage’s five years in office, the state government has accrued $155 million in unspent TANF funds, an unused balance higher than any other state in that time. Maine is the logical conclusion of a welfare system that allows each state to dictate standards, creating 50 distinct safety nets of varying strength and coverage. Republicans in Congress are once again attempting to undermine the welfare system by weakening national standards and creating additional barriers to aid. But Maine has demonstrated that states cannot be trusted to maintain a standard of support, that it is the duty of the federal government to provide aid when a family falls too far. Only when we establish a national floor of welfare standards will we, as a nation, begin to reach for the ceiling. Jamie Neikrie is a senior who is majoring in political science. Jamie can be reached at benjamin.neikrie@tufts.edu.


Opinion

Thursday, February 15, 2018 | Opinion | THE TUFTS DAILY

9

EDITORIAL

Fighting food insecurity on campus Food insecurity, or the lack of access to healthy, affordable food, is increasingly impacting college students across the United States as the cost of tuition goes up. Students are often forced to choose between buying books and school supplies and paying for meals. This very basic struggle to eat harms students’ educations by causing them to miss or drop classes, and even to fail to graduate altogether. According to a December 2017 study, half of all college students have been affected by food insecurity, even at private universities. Tufts has taken some excellent first steps toward improving food security on campus through initiatives such as Swipe it Forward, along with the availability of free leftover grocery store food on weekends in the Campus Center. The Office for Student Success and Advising (OSSA) also offers free lunch or coffee meetings with staff members at campus dining facilities and provides meal tickets to students who might be too busy to meet. While these are helpful programs, Tufts

should publicize them more effectively to ensure that as many students as possible benefit from them. Most notably, Swipe it Forward, which allows students to donate meal swipes to be used by other students in need of meals, has been a great success so far. The collaboration on this initiative between Tufts Dining, Tufts Community Union ( TCU) Senate and OSSA is an indication of the joint effort to end food insecurity by students and Tufts as an institution. However, this is still only a small part of the solution, as students can only access up to 10 meals per semester, and the meal donation window closes about halfway through the semester. This prevents students from donating extra meals that they might only realize they do not need later in the semester. Students on the premium meal plan can only donate one regular meal and one guest meal, and students on smaller meal plans can only donate up to four meals. As a result, leftover meals that students can no longer donate are wasted at the end

of the semester, instead of being used to help students in need. The available meal plans for undergraduates are expensive and students may find themselves forgoing a meal plan in order to pay for their tuition and school supplies. Moreover, research highlighted in a recent New York Times op-ed shows that even while on a meal plan, many students still experience food insecurity that affects their abilities to succeed academically.  These efforts demonstrate Tufts’ commitment to fighting food insecurity among students, but there is still a long way to go. One critical step Tufts must take in order to ensure food security on campus is to advocate at a policy level for the expansion of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits, previously known as food stamps, for college students. Currently, it is difficult for students to qualify for SNAP benefits unless they meet a host of requirements, including working 20 hours a week on top of their studies. Having

to work to satisfy SNAP requirements, study and still find a way to eat healthily on a regular basis is an extraordinarily difficult undertaking. At a small number of American universities, including Oregon State University, students can use SNAP benefits to buy food at campus grocery stores. Although accepting SNAP benefits in campus dining facilities comes with some significant logistical and technological obstacles, there are smaller steps Tufts can take while this process plays out at the policy level. These include creating campus food pantries and calling for policymakers to make it easier for students to use SNAP benefits at local food facilities. Promoting food security on campus will increase inclusivity, and contribute to Tufts’ goal of becoming more accessible to students of all backgrounds. As the cost of attending university continues to increase, Tufts must provide students with the basic foundations they need to take full advantage of their educations.

CARTOON

Baggage Carousel

BY MARIA FONG The Tufts Daily is a nonprofit, independent newspaper, published Monday through Friday during the academic year, and distributed free to the Tufts community. The content of letters, advertisements, signed columns, cartoons and graphics does not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Tufts Daily editorial board. EDITORIALS Editorials represent the position of The Tufts Daily. Individual editors are not necessarily responsible for, or in agreement with, the policies and editorials of The Tufts Daily. OP-EDS The Op-Ed section of The Tufts Daily, an open forum for campus editorial commentary, is printed Monday through Thursday. The Daily welcomes submissions from all members of the Tufts community; the opinions expressed in the Op-Ed section do not necessarily represent the opinions of the Daily itself. Opinion articles on campus, national and international issues should be 600 to 1,200 words in length and submitted to opinion@tuftsdaily.com. The editors reserve the right to edit letters for clarity, space and length. All material is subject to editorial discretion and is not guaranteed to appear in the Daily. Authors must submit their telephone numbers and day-of availability for editing questions. ADVERTISING All advertising copy is subject to the approval of the Editor-in-Chief, Executive Board and Executive Business Director.


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Sports

Thursday, February 15, 2018 | Sports | THE TUFTS DAILY

Tufts suffers a pair of losses, falls to ninth in the NESCAC ICE HOCKEY

continued from back attempt to tie the game, the Jumbos pulled their goalie to get a six-on-five advantage in the attack. Hamilton took advantage, however, and junior forward Jason Brochu scored on the empty net with 30 seconds to go, putting the nail in Tufts’ coffin and securing a 2–0 victory for the hosts. Hamilton’s Buitenhuis made 25 saves in total and came up big on several power plays, when Tufts had the man advantage. “Against Hamilton, I would have loved to see us capitalize on more of our shots,” Tufts coach Pat Norton said. “I thought we attacked the net well and had some great chances. I am not sure we could have done much more, short of having a few get behind [the goaltender]. The goalies in the league are all good — it is tough to score.” Against Amherst the previous day, Tufts gained an early advantage. At the 16:54 mark of the first period, Tufts first-year Edward Hannon drove down the right side of the ice and fired a wrist shot past Amherst senior goaltender Connor Girard. The Mammoths answered with a goal of their own seven minutes into the second period. After a strange deflection off the boards, the puck fell directly to

Amherst sophomore forward Joey Lupo, who was keenly positioned in front of the Tufts goal to slot in an easy, shorthanded goal to level the score. Amherst showed its prowess with the man advantage, taking the lead on a power play later in the period. Tufts was penalized for having too many players on the ice, and Amherst senior forward David White proceeded to take a shot that rebounded off Nugnes and straight into the path of sophomore forward Patrick Daly, who stuffed the puck into the net. Amherst capitalized on another power play in the third period, further cementing its lead, after Tufts sophomore defenseman Cory Gottfried was called for a two-minute holding penalty. Similar to the previous goal, the Mammoths’ senior forward and co-captain Thomas Lindstrom jumped on a rebound and tapped it across the line to make it 3–1. The two teams’ statistics were almost even across the board, with Tufts registering 28 shots on goal to Amherst’s 31. “NESCAC hockey is incredibly competitive, and the difference between winning and losing is a small margin,” senior defenseman and co-captain Dan Kelly said. “Sometimes, the team [that] is more oppor-

tunistic ends up on the winning end. Despite what happened last weekend, we are excited for the opportunity to keep our season alive against Bowdoin on Friday night.” Norton emphasized how otherwise-balanced games can be decided on pure chance. “We only had a 1–0 lead against Amherst, so that isn’t exactly an iron grip,” Norton said. “They were able to score a fluke goal off the glass, a play that might happen once every five or six years. It just happened to occur Saturday to tie the game. I like the way we played all the way to the end. We gave ourselves a chance — we just weren’t able to get another one by their goalie.” Tufts is now 4–14–4 on the season and 3–10–3 in the NESCAC. Due to the two losses, the Jumbos have dropped to ninth place in the NESCAC. Tufts will go up against Bowdoin on Friday and Colby on Saturday, both at home, in the two final games of the regular season. “Right now, our only thought is our next task at hand, which is beating Bowdoin [on] Friday night,” Kelly said. “It is important for us to trust each other, our systems and all the hard work we have put in all year. If we all do our jobs to the best of our ability, we will give ourselves a great chance to win.”

WOMEN'S SWIMMING

Preview: Attitude is key for women’s swimming and diving at NESCAC Championship by Haley Rich

Assistant Sports Editor

After about half of the Tufts women’s swimming and diving roster closed out its seasons at the Middlebury Invitational on Feb. 2 and 3, the remaining 24 athletes have been tapering and fine-tuning their strokes in preparation for this weekend’s NESCAC Championship. Williams, which will host the event, has won the conference championship in four consecutive years and has a promising chance to make it five: Ephs swimmers and divers lead the conference in 19 of the 22 individual events. The Jumbos, meanwhile, will be looking to improve on their eighth-place finish in 2016-17. “At last year’s NESCAC Championship, we swam really well with the team we had,” Tufts coach Adam Hoyt said. “Of course, I’d like us to be more competitive in our conference, but I was quite proud of the performance.” Hoyt also stressed that Tufts’ goals for this year’s conference championship meet are qualitative, not quantitative. “Our aim for this weekend is similar to the team goals we set right as season started: positive attitude, composure, focus, enthusiasm and pride,” Hoyt said. “We’ve achieved these goals throughout the season, but I’m hoping this weekend will be a culmination, especially during a mentally and physically exhausting three-day competition. We can certainly improve the [result], but overall, we’re just looking to dream big and see what happens.” Many of the Jumbos’ podium-potential performances this season have been held by their newcomers. First-year Jackie Crater leads the conference in the 100 and 200 backstroke, with impressive times of 57.72 seconds and 2:03.43, respectively. First-year Rhys Empey is ranked sixth in the 500-yard freestyle (5:07.77) and fourth in the 1650 freestyle (17:51.18), one place above firstyear Sook-Hee Evans (17:57.41). First-year Lily Kurtz ranks fifth in the 100 breaststroke (1:05.86) and third in the 200 breaststroke (2:22.79). Finally, first-year Sasha Fong ranks third in the 50 fly (25.75 seconds) and sixth in the 100 fly (57.64). The Jumbos can also potentially pick up points from sophomore Katherine Brown, who ranks seventh in the conference in the

COURTESY TUFTS SWIMMING AND DIVING

Senior Lindsay Partin swims the breaststroke. 50 breaststroke (31.22 seconds) and sixth in the 200 breaststroke (2:27.13). Senior co-captain Anna Kimura — who is third in the 100 breaststroke (1:05.47) and second in the 200 breaststroke (2:21.04) — and sophomore Grace Goetcheus, who ranks fifth in the 200 IM (2:09.70), will also look to provide strong performances. Although many Jumbos have the potential to make waves of their own, the squad places emphasis on its performance as a unit. “While I’d love to race my best and set some new personal bests, I think it’s more important for everyone to see that the team, as a whole, is doing well,” Crater said. “I definitely feel a lot of pressure going into this meet, but I put it on myself. This is my first really big college meet, and I want to help bring the team to the highest place we can get. On my club team in high school, everything was much more individually based, and the new teamwork aspect really excites me.” In the diving well, first-year Amber Chong has demonstrated prowess and should contribute to the Jumbos’ score. She is currently ranked third in the conference for both the six- and 11-dive one-meter competitions, with scores of 282.97 and 404.30, respectively. At the three-meter height, she ranks seventh and fifth in the six- and 11-dive competitions, respectively.

“I’ve been working on my twisters and achieving higher difficulties, so hopefully they’ll pay off and score more points for the team,” Chong said. “It’ll be my first time performing these new dives in a competition setting, so I’m not sure how they’ll go. After an intensive twister workshop with [former Tufts diver] Matt Rohrer [LA ’17] last week, I saw a lot of improvement in my twisters. At Middlebury, I scored twos and threes on my twisters, but I think I can average sixes at NESCACs this weekend.” In preparation for the championship meet, the swimmers are focusing on resting and tapering their yardage. The divers, on the other hand, are doing the opposite. “This week, we’ll be trying to get through all our dives every practice, and there’s 22, so it’s a lot to get in within our time,” Chong said. “I’m not worried about being tired, though. The repetition helps me feel more confident about my dives.” With the rest of the conference posing stiff competition, confidence will be the key to success in the Samuelson-Muir Pool this weekend. The Jumbos will trek to Williamstown, Mass. on Thursday afternoon, where they will get in their last practice of the season and mentally prepare themselves for a marathon weekend. The Championship begins at 10 a.m. on Friday and lasts until Sunday evening.

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Yuan Jun Chee ON THE SPOT

Where is the real Paul Pogba?

T

he real question Manchester United fans want answered is who the No. 6 on the field really is. Because he doesn’t seem to be the same confident young man who decided that he had had enough of waiting and walked out on Sir Alex Ferguson. Pogba’s performance on Sunday at St. James’ Park summed up his last few weeks: taken off at Spurs in the 63rd minute, dropped at home to Huddersfield and substituted against Newcastle with his side a goal down. It’s almost as if he didn’t bother to show up at all on Sunday. But we know that Paul Pogba is a much better player than what we’ve seen from him the last few weeks. You don’t go from being one of the hottest properties in Europe to suddenly becoming almost anonymous in nearly every Premier League game. The French international has been on the receiving end of harsh criticism from past legends of the game such as Paul Scholes and Graeme Souness. That’s not to say Pogba doesn’t deserve some of the criticism that’s come his way. Certainly, a $126 million player shouldn’t always be whining about fouls not going his way, but should just get up and get on with it (I’m also looking at you, Cristiano Ronaldo). But some of it also has been unwarranted. It simply makes no sense to compare Pogba with Chelsea’s N’Golo Kanté, who seems to be everyone’s favorite French midfielder. They play different roles in different systems and have different styles. What is true is that Pogba is a great midfielder and probably should be doing much more. You can see why José Mourinho puts him deeper. He has exceptional ability in taking the ball out of the back with his athleticism and strength. A player of his caliber should be able to adjust to systems and do well, but it brings me to my larger point. Cast your minds back to December, when Pogba had the game of his life at Goodison Park. He was running the show and provided the assists for both Anthony Martial and Jesse Lingard’s goals against Everton. Where was he playing in that game? Not deep alongside Nemanja Matic, but in a more advanced role. It’s obvious to anyone – perhaps except Mourinho – that Pogba’s best position is in front of the two holding midfielders. We’ve seen Mourinho try to do this before with Cesc Fábregas at Chelsea, when the Spaniard sat alongside Matic during the successful 2014– 15 campaign. While both Pogba and Fábregas can spread the ball very well, it’s evident where they’re different. The fact is that Pogba’s success at Juventus came in a 4-3-3 system, allowing him to be the most advanced of the three midfielders to really deal damage on the opposition. Mourinho’s reluctance to deploy Pogba further forward – even with Michael Carrick and Scott McTominay both fit and capable of playing alongside Matic – is severely costing Manchester United one of its best attacking options. It’s why Manchester United fans continue to grumble against the team’s lack of style. It’s this stubbornness to adapt that explains why Pep Guardiola, and not Mourinho, will be the happier manager in Manchester come May. Yuan Jun Chee is a sports editor at the Tufts Daily. He is a junior majoring in history and international relations. Yuan Jun can be reached at yuan.chee@tufts.edu.


12 tuftsdaily.com

Sports

Thursday, February 15, 2018

WOMEN'S TRACK AND FIELD

Bowman sets school record in the mile to lead Jumbos at BU by Tim Chiang Staff Writer

The Tufts women’s track and field team registered outstanding results at a pair of unscored meets over the weekend: the Gordon Kelly Invitational at MIT on Feb. 10 and the David Hemery Valentine Invitational at Boston University on Feb. 9–10. Numerous athletes clocked nationally ranked times and set personal records over the course of the weekend. At the David Hemery Invitational, hosted by Boston University, senior co-captain Brittany Bowman ran the mile in a school-record time of 4:51.69, posting the second-fastest time in Div. III this season in the process. Bowman’s 4:51.69 finish shattered her previous career best of 4:58.88, which came at the Bowdoin Invitational just three weeks prior. The Camden, Maine native’s time was also nearly two seconds faster than Tufts’ previous mile record of 4:53.45, set by Cat Beck (LA ’08) in 2007.  Bowman was ecstatic with the race’s result. “It’s awesome to see my hard work pay off,” she said. “I was a little surprised, pleasantly surprised, since it beat my personal record in the mile.” Despite her stellar performance, Bowman finished 27th in the event, as she competed against runners from Div. I and II, as well. With the Boston University track running extremely fast, Bowman’s competitor, Brandeis junior Emily Bryson, set the top time in Div. III with a 4:46.63. In addition to Bowman’s success in the mile, the Jumbos’ 4×400-meter relay of senior co-captain Annalisa DeBari, sophomore Julia Gake, sophomore Raquel Whiting and sophomore Nehalem Kunkle-Read finished in 3:58.49, ranking them 21st nationally this season. In the 200-meter dash, both firstyear Olivia Schwern (26.99) and Whiting (27.16 seconds) set personal-best indoor times. Sophomore Rhemi Toth registered a personal record of 2:59.77 in the 1,000 meters, and sophomore Nicole Kerrigan had a personal-best of 3:02.48 in the same race. In the 800, first-year Emily Murray (2:23.04) and junior Julia Noble (2:23.08) had personal-best and indoor personal record times, respectively. Finally, the Tufts’ distance medley relay team of Toth, Gake, first-year Olivia Martin,

EVAN SAYLES / THE TUFTS DAILY

Junior Lauren Drohosky advances toward the high jump bar at the Cupid Challenge on Feb. 3. and Bowman crossed the line in 11:50.41, placing seventh out of the 28 teams that competed. The quartet’s time currently ranks fourth nationally in Div. III. At the Gordon Kelly Invitational, DeBari crossed the line in 8.96 seconds, placing first out of 37 runners in the 60-meter hurdles. DeBari held a significant gap over the second-place finisher, defeating sophomore Alanna Murphy of Southern New Hampshire University by over half a second. DeBari’s time currently ranks tenth nationally in Div. III this season. First-year Johanna Ross was also victorious on Saturday, winning in her 5,000-meter debut. Ross’ time of 18:51.93 topped the field of eight competitors. The Jumbos secured several runner-up finishes, as well. Junior Jennifer Jackson placed second with a time of 3:13.76 in her 1,000-meter debut. The underclassmen continued their success in the 600 meters, as first-year Scarlet Bliss booked a season best time of 1:44.01 to finish second. The Jumbos had strong showings in the 600 meters;

aside from Bliss, first-year Hannah Norowitz placed third with a time of 1:45.45 and senior Ipek Emekli placed fourth at 1:46.06. Since the Invitational was one of the last events before this weekend’s New England Div. III Championships, many Tufts runners were hoping to earn qualifications. Bowman was thrilled that several Jumbos were able to make the cut. “We had a few more people qualify, which is great,” Bowman said. In the 800 meters, first-year Haley Rich and senior Sara Stokesbury came in second and third, respectively. Rich finished with a time of 2:26.25, and Stokesbury followed soon after at 2:26.45. In their final opportunity to make the cut, the duo’s impressive performances secured their qualifications for the upcoming New England-wide meet. First-year Melissa Rowland was one of the many Jumbos cheering on the pair, which she described as an exhilarating experience. “[They] ran a really good race from the front together, and they both qualified,

so that was awesome,” Rowland said. “It’s really exciting to watch, as a team we’re trying to have as many people at [New England] Div. III Championships as possible, and it’s pretty difficult to do, so it’s really special when we get to see each other qualify.” Several Jumbos also took third place across a variety of events at MIT. Senior Evie Heffernan finished third and set a personal record in the 1,000 meters, with a time of 3:19.77, while first-year Alexandra Wolf finished the mile in 5:31.31 to place third. In the field events, junior Trish Blumeris leaped 9.74 meters in the triple jump for a personal indoor record. Additionally, first-year Nkemdilim Aduka launched 11.77 meters in the shot put — a team-best throw for the 201718 indoor season — to place second. Junior Evelyn Drake threw 10.61 meters to place sixth. The Jumbos will compete in the New England Div. III Championships at Springfield College on Friday and Saturday.

ICE HOCKEY

Tufts falls to Amherst, Williams

by Liam Finnegan Sports Editor

BEN KIM / THE TUFTS DAILY

Sophomore forward Ross Delabruere brings the puck forward in a home game at Valley Forum against Wesleyan University on Jan. 20.

On Saturday and Sunday the Tufts men’s hockey team took on NESCAC rivals Amherst and Hamilton in a pair of road matchups. While the games were statistically even, the Jumbos suffered defeats in both. Hamilton came into the game on Sunday having won three of its last four games, and it showed against Tufts. The Jumbos faced a barrage of shots right from the beginning of the first period, with Hamilton getting off five shots within the first five minutes, though none found the back of the net. The visitors were unlucky to end the period without a goal, as the Jumbos hit the post on two occasions. Off a threeon-two break, first-year forward Charley Borek fired a slap shot that caromed off

the upper right frame of the goal at the 11:07 mark. Borek hit the pipe again just three minutes later. The game remained scoreless until the dying minutes of the first period, when Hamilton broke the deadlock with sophomore forward Sterling Bray. Continentals senior goaltender Evan Buitenhuis grabbed the puck and played it to first-year forward Jon Beniers, who threaded it through to Bray. Bray then skated through the neutral zone and squeezed a wrist shot under Tufts senior goaltender and co-captain Nik Nugnes. The second period was uneventful; the Jumbos were still unable to find the back of the net, despite outshooting the Continentals, 12–9. With the third period winding down, the score was still 1–0 Hamilton. In a desperate see ICE HOCKEY, page 11

Thursday, February 15, 2018  
Thursday, February 15, 2018