The student newspaper of the Claremont Colleges since 1889 CLAREMONT, CA
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 2018
VOL. CXXXI NO. 6
Construction on new computer science building at HMC to begin in 2019
COURTESY OF THE HARVEY MUDD OFFICE OF COLLEGE ADVANCEMENT
Harvey Mudd College plans to build a new computer science center. Construction is expected to begin in 2019 and continue until 2021.
See page 2
ELINOR ASPEGREN • THE STUDENT LIFE
ELINOR ASPEGREN The Claremont McKenna College Advocates for Survivors of Sexual Assault and Violence hosted its second annual Sex Week from Oct. 29 to Nov. 1.
This year’s event was marked with a speaker series, discussions, workshops, and a carnival. According to Advocates president and Sex Week founder Grace “Zippy” Wilson CM ’19 and Advocates vice president Lauren Trihy, the events
differed from the ones they had last year and were tailored to what had worked then. “Most of the speakers were the same [as last year], but there were slightly different talks,” Wilson said. “We try to have a variety of things.” There have been efforts in the past on 5C campuses to raise awareness about sexual violence, but Sex Week is the first event to also focus on sex in terms of pleasure and empathy, not just consent. Last year, Advocates held the first-ever Sex Week on Green Beach, bringing in over 800 people. Trihy assumed it would be easier to get funding again. However, Advocates struggled to get any funding from ASCMC Senate. “Last year we received $5,000 from ASCMC, and this year we only received about half of that,
See SEX page 3
Pomona pre-health students still in search of adviser ALAN KE Pomona College’s Career Development Office pre-health adviser and faculty pre-health academic adviser roles have both remained empty since the start of this semester. Amanda Taylor, the former CDO pre-health adviser, resigned at the beginning of the spring 2018 semester, according to neuroscience and psychology professor Richard Lewis, the former faculty pre-health adviser who stepped down at the beginning of this semester. A search committee has been formed to hire a new full-time associ-
ate director for pre-health advising under the CDO. Associate Dean of Students and CDO Director Mary Raymond said the search committee will consist of herself, the Senior Associate Director of the CDO Wanda Gibson, some faculty, and potentially Dean of Students Avis Hinkson. A previous search for a new CDO pre-health adviser was conducted over the spring semester after Taylor’s departure “in hopes of bringing someone in before fall term started,” Lewis said. The CDO opted to include the pre-health student liaisons in the selection process around early April,
according to pre-health liaison Anne Price PO ’20. “The CDO [recognized] we were students who are integrated into the community and talked to other students, so they wanted us to be as much as part of the process as possible,” said Annika Kim PO ’20, another pre-health liaison. The liaisons — Sarah Etuk PO ’19, Alejandro Guerrero PO ’19, Eric Smith PO ’19, Anne Berhe PO ’20, Annika Kim PO ’20, Anne Price PO ’20, Ja’Nea James PO ’21, and Jaime Gonzalez PO ’21 — scheduled lunch meetings
See POMONA page 2
LIFE AND STYLE
When Bethany Reim PZ ’19 first heard about Claremont McKenna College’s decision to leave the Keck Science Department, commonly referred to as “Keckxit,” she thought it was a joke. After realizing the news was real, she felt a mix of emotions — fear, confusion, and betrayal. “I took it as though [CMC] made this exit as a statement to the schools they they felt they were better off without Pitzer College and Scripps College weighing them down,” Reim wrote in a message to TSL. The presidents of CMC, Scripps, and Pitzer announced CMC’s decision to leave Keck in various faculty meetings with the three schools and Keck. They sent an email statement to students Oct. 18, explaining that CMC plans to create its own science department and hire 22-28 full-time faculty members. Keck faculty reported feeling shocked and upset that they weren’t involved in the decision. According to Pitzer Dean of Faculty Nigel Boyle’s speech notes for the Oct. 18 faculty meeting, he acknowledged that “this news was a shock to Keck faculty” and “not what [Pitzer President] Melvin [Oliver] or I or [Keck] Dean [Ulysses] Sofia wanted or expected.” The notes are publicly available on Pitzer Senate’s website under “Student Senate Meeting Agendas & Materials” in a docu-
Renovations for Pomona College’s Oldenborg Center, a 5C language hall, dining hall, and academic administrative office is in the works, with demolition of the building starting as early as 2020, according to Anne Dwyer, faculty director of Oldenborg. Reconstruction after that could take up to 18 months. There have been plans to remodel Oldenborg since 2015, when a Pomona strategic planning report recommended a “new public plaza, entry courtyard and gardens at Oldenborg International Center.” Dwyer is in charge of planning the renovations alongside staff and Oldenborg representatives in meetings as recent as last month with Pomona’s Board of Trustees. So far, Dwyer said that “the trustees support building a new residence hall, but it is really upon the faculty and administration to pitch why Oldenborg needs a dining hall,” as well as more specific requests for “a residence hall that is up to date, that is accessible, that has space for language halls and apartments for language residence.” Katya Pollock PO ’21, a current resident in the Chinese language hall in Oldenborg, described plumbing issues with the current building. “A lot of toilets have been getting clogged, and there was some issue of sewage breaking through the ceiling,” Pollock said, referring to an incident earlier this fall in which plumbing issues resulted in clogged pipes and several fallen-in ceiling tiles. Oldenborg was constructed in 1966 as one of the first-of-its-kind immersive language-learning residence halls and international programming hubs. It first housed 144 students in five language halls. Pollock said “the biggest issue
is the layout and how difficult it is to get to place to place and have spontaneous interactions and gettogethers. … It’s difficult to have those conversations where you learn about the people you’re living with.” Jared Lee PO ’21, who lives in the Japanese hall, echoed Pollock. “It’s less bonded than freshman year, where people live closer together in sponsor groups,” Lee said. Since 1966, Oldenborg has expanded to six co-ed language halls with 136 students and six language residents, two self-instructional language programs in Persian and Swahili, and 20 languages offered each week at language tables in the dining hall. “The dining hall is probably our most successful programming aspect,” Dwyer said. “The dining hall is really one of the few places where the 5Cs come together … crossing various kinds of boundaries, not just linguistic ones, but class, profession, age, in a way that’s pretty rare in colleges. We need to convey that having a strong language dining hall for at least one meal a day is absolutely important and essential.” After several goal-oriented meetings have already occurred, the com-
ment titled “KSD Update PZ FM Oct 18.” Boyle’s notes state that enrollment pressures, specifically from Scripps and Pitzer, have been “brutal” and led to the inability of the three colleges to adequately grow the department. This inability, according to the notes, resulted in larger class sizes, heavy reliance on adjunct faculty, and “wretched facilities.” “The three colleges managed to reduce Keck to an academic sweatshop,” the document states. Despite these issues, Reim, who’s majoring in chemical engineering, said she’s had “an extremely positive experience” taking classes at Keck. “Working with Scripps and CMC has made me a better student and given me lasting friendships outside of Pitzer,” she said. Michelle Wang SC ’20 echoed Reim, stating that Keck allowed her to make friends at the other Claremont Colleges. But, she also noted the upper division classes do get crowded. “Even with so little chemistry majors that there are across the two upperclassmen grades, I’m still worried about trying to get into some of my upper division classes,” she said. Plans to upgrade Keck have been in the works for a while. From 2016 to early 2018, Boyle’s notes state that the three colleges “agreed to work on an ambitious expansion of Keck Science.” Then, in 2018, CMC had “second thoughts”
See KECK page 3
ADAM KUBOTA • THE STUDENT LIFE
“With all that’s going on in our political climate, sex robots aren’t something a lot of people are concerned about. But, they should be,” Eamon Morris PZ ’22 writes. Read more on page 7.
mittee is preparing to begin its next steps. Dwyer said that “the board is hopeful they will have enough information to make decisions about moving forward at the next meeting in December.” A green light from the trustees at that upcoming meeting, Dwyer said, could begin a planning stage involving architects. “In a normal building process on a campus, just that planning stage could take 18 months, and only then would you start seeing changes on the ground,” she said. After this stage, it could be another 18 months to complete construction, during which plans are still in early stages for relocating students, staff, and language residents to alternative housing, according to Frank Bedoya, Pomona’s Associate Dean of Campus Life and Director of Housing and Operations. Plans to relocate and continue language-based dining hall services are still uncertain. “At this point, we really need student support,” Dwyer said. “We need to hear from students — not just international, but domestic students — that [Oldenborg] is something that’s kinda unique. There aren’t many colleges that have this.”
Pomona College plans to demolish its Oldenborg Center, replacing it with a new residence hall.
On Friday afternoons in front of Frary Dining Hall, an unofficial 5C club practices bike polo. Leora Akbarov SC ’20 reports on their high spirited members, inclusive mindset, and unique rules. Read more on page 4.
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Oldenborg Center renovation to start as early as 2020
Despite funding issues, second annual CMC Sex Week highlights diversity, support
Ashley Ahn CM ’19 shows student attendees at the second annual CMC Sex Carnival how a diva cup works.
Students weigh in on ‘Keckxit’
PLEASE RECYCLE THIS PAPER.
The 5Cs dominated at the SCIAC CrossCountry Championship Saturday, Oct. 27. The Sagehens won the men’s race for the second straight year, while the Athenas took the women’s title for the ninth consecutive time. Read more on page 8.
NEWS................................1 LIFE & STYLE.....................4 OPINIONS........................6 SPORTS.............................8
NEWS PAGE 2
NOVEMBER 2, 2018
THE STUDENT LIFE
HMC new computer science center to include collaborative workspace
COURTESY OF THE HARVEY MUDD OFFICE OF COLLEGE ADVANCEMENT
The McGregor Computer Science Center will be the first of Harvey Mudd College’s buildings to face away from the campus’ central walkway.
ANANYA SEN Harvey Mudd College will start constructing the McGregor Computer Science Center, a new computer science building, next year, according to the building brochure on HMC’s website. The new building will be located at the corner of North Dartmouth Avenue and Platt Boulevard. The project is expected to take 30 months in total, and the construction of the center itself will last up to 18 months, being completed in early 2021, according to the brochure. A defining feature of the McGregor Computer Science Center will be the building’s orientation away from the central walkway through campus, which distin-
guishes the new building from the inward orientation of most other Mudd buildings. This change in design symbolizes a gateway to accelerate the exchange of talent and resources between Mudd and the other 5Cs, the brochure states. “The designers for the building viewed it very much as a bridge into our campus,” Judy Augsburger, an HMC spokesperson, wrote in an email to TSL. She also noted that the new building will feature a Makerspace, a space with tools and resources for students to work on extra-curricular projects, encouraging students to collaborate. “We see the Makerspace as an extension of the work going on at The Hive — students and faculty can brainstorm solutions to real-
world problems at The Hive, then come to HMC’s Makerspace to prototype and test their solutions,” Augsburger wrote. The second and third floors of the 36,000-square-foot, three-story building will be dedicated to the college’s rapidly growing computer science department, according to the college’s website. McGregor will create room to grow from 16-25 faculty positions over time, and will include faculty offices, clinic and project studios, teaching and research laboratories and collaboration spaces, according to HMC’s website. The larger space will bring together previously scattered computer science spaces. The building will also include a variety of equipment, including a state-of-the-art AV production
room, laser cutters, 3D printers, large collaboration and fabrication spaces, paint booth, robotics labs, various computer science teaching labs, and new conference rooms, according to Augsburger. This new space will be linked with the repositioned Libra Complex, which currently houses engineering machine shops. The project is estimated to cost $30 million. According to the email sent by Augsburger, the building is being funded through gifts from the Harvey Mudd Board of Trustees, alumni, parents, staff, friends and foundations, as well as through debt financing included in HMC’s long-term operating budget forecast. HMC trustee Laurie J. Girand and her husband Scott A. McGregor gave a gift to the project, thus the
building will be in their name. Aditya Khant HM ’21, a computer science major, said he would like to see several changes in the new building. “One feature could be more labs, for doing hardware-software based projects, rather than just places with computers like Libra Complex,” which “does occasionally feel weird” because it lacks windows, he wrote in a message to TSL. Students were involved in the design of the building. The design team set up boards outside the Hoch-Shanahan Dining Commons March 24 for students to vote on which design option they preferred, according to Augsburger. They also gave input on the types of spaces they would use in the conceptual floor plans and what
types of equipment they would use in the Makerspace, she wrote. Administrators hope the new building will meet increasing demands for computer science resources. Each HMC student takes at least one computer science course, and HMC’s entire first-year class takes the introductory computer science course, according to the college’s website. Augsburger said the new building is a stepping stone in HMC’s overall long-term planning for campus development, as outlined in the college’s amended Master Plan. Under this plan, the school hopes to grow its student body to 900 students while ensuring resources are in place beforehand to support the growth.
POMONA: Future of faculty adviser position still unclear Continued from Page 1 with the candidates the same days they would come to interview for the position and afterwards were surveyed for their thoughts on each one. “The CDO [presented us] the resumes of all the candidates who we were interviewing,” Kim said. “We’d read them, they’d take a lot of notes on what we prioritized — what the students really wanted — someone with experience, empathy, who was well-researched and competent for that position.” However, the search turned out to be unsuccessful, and no appropriate candidate was found. Lewis said the application pools from four years ago and recently have been “pretty weak,” partly because experienced pre-health advisers prefer to work in academic affairs. “They are pre-health specialists; they don’t necessarily know anything about careers beyond pre-health, and so we were not recruiting experienced pre-health advisers, even though that was the job description,” Lewis said. “When surveyed, this was one of the reasons they gave: They didn’t really see themselves being a good fit in career centers, and they preferred to work as part of academic advising.” Guerrero said that was when the pre-health liaisons first realized there was concern with pre-health advising overall. “Over the summer, we had no idea what was going on with that position. It was vacant. All we had known was that the first search didn’t go well,” Guerrero said. At this time, the CDO hired Chelsea Ahn, who had previously served as a graduate intern, Lewis said. Ahn’s post is currently the interim pre-health coordinator and career adviser, which she will hold until Jan. 1, 2019, according to Raymond. “She only sort of popped up,” Guerrero said. “None of us ever knew or were ever contacted. It wasn’t until we reached out with a strongly worded email about it that they started looping us more into it.” Though pre-health drop-in advising appointments are currently unavailable, according to Pomona’s website, students can still make appointments with Tony Jimenez, Chicano Latino Student Affairs dean of students, and Ahn. Jimenez previously worked in admissions for MD/PhD programs in the Midwest for many years before he took on the administrative role here, Raymond said. In addition, Lewis said last spring, Pomona “hired the former pre-health adviser to come out of retirement to help out [while Pomona] searched for a permanent replacement for the CDO pre-health adviser.” The CDO’s search will continue to involve the liaisons through this semes-
ter. At the start of October, a job posting for the title of Associate Director for Pre-Health Advising was posted on Pomona’s employment page. The current pre-health liaisons met with the CDO two weeks ago, according to Gonzalez. Gonzalez said “they were very focused on filling up this new job position and giving this position the value it deserves. It didn’t have a value originally, which is why we were getting not so qualified candidates, but now there’s an actual focus and priority, we’re seeing a brighter future ahead.” The future for the position of faculty pre-health adviser, however, is still unclear. Lewis had formerly served as the faculty pre-health adviser since 2000, when there also was another staff position that he said “was half-time pre-health adviser, half-time graduate fellowships.” Other than Lewis’ role in helping students navigate pre-health track and graduate admissions, Price said “[Lewis is] the first person everyone’s going to associate with knowing what to do,” since first-year pre-health students are introduced to the college’s programs by him during orientation. About 65 students from Pomona apply to MD programs each year, according to Lewis. However, the structure of the pre-health program shifted about four years ago, when the former staff pre-health adviser retired. “The [former] President David Oxtoby and [former Dean of Students] Miriam Feldblum wanted to move pre-health advising out of academic affairs and put it in the CDO,” Lewis said. “Faculty were not consulted about that move. I worked with that plan and really discovered that it was not a very good plan. It was not in students’ best interest, it was not efficient, it created inconsistencies in the advising, and so I thought it worked much better under academic affairs. Lewis said he believes that at a small school like Pomona, the prehealth program should be managed by faculty. “Academic advising is under the control of academic affairs, and I view pre-health advising as just being a specialized form of academic advising,” he said. There is not yet a confirmed successor for the position of faculty pre-health adviser. “Pomona needs to provide support for these students,” Associate Professor and Department Chair of Economics Michael Steinberger wrote in an email to TSL. “Otherwise, it could risk disproportionately hurting first-generation students and students who do not have a doctor in the family who may be able to help them through the requirement and process.”
Claremont Colleges’ Jewish student groups host solidarity Shabbat 5C Chabad, Claremont Hillel, Kehillah, Nishmat, AEPi, Associated Jewish Groups of the Claremont Colleges, and the Chaplains of The Claremont Colleges are partnering to host a remembrance ceremony and Shabbat dinner at Frank Dining Hall Nov. 2 at 6 p.m. in the wake of the Pittsburgh shooting. The event is open to everyone, according to an email Dean of Students Avis Hinkson sent out to all Pomona College students on behalf of the partnering organizations. “This week we are responding by joining together in remembrance, and a communal Shabbat dinner to lend one another support and join together against all forms of hate and violence,” the email stated. The Shabbat dinner does not require a meal swipe and has gluten-free, vegetarian, vegan, and Kosher options, according to the email. — Becky Hoving
QRC to host town hall on transgender erasure following leaked Trump memo The Queer Resource Center will be hosting a town hall Nov. 2 from 1-3 p.m. in response to the leaked memo from the Trump administration that outlines considerations concerning the transgender, intersex, non-binary, gender non-conforming, and genderqueer community. In addition, the QRC, along with student organizers and the Physics and Astronomy Department at Pomona College, has invited legal counsel to discuss the legal impact such a decision could have, according to an email sent out by Manuel A. Diaz, the QRC director. — Becky Hoving
The Golden Antlers apologizes for controversial ‘Juarez’ article The Golden Antlers, a 5C satirical publication, published an article titled “CMC Adds Networking Trip to Juarez, Mexico” Oct. 30., receiving significant backlash from many students. The satirical news piece was about Claremont McKenna’s Office of Student Opportunity adding Juarez, Mexico, as a location for a new spring break networking trip. “As Juarez is becoming a massive hub for international drug smuggling, it will provide valuable hands-on opportunities for students at CMC looking to break into an emerging and competitive field,” the article stated. Some students took issue with the article, claiming it was insensitive to the people of Juarez and the conditions they live in. Some also argued that the article was hypocritical due to the United States’ involvement with Mexico. “Why not write an article where you make fun of your own country’s problems?” Ricardo Mateos CM ’20 wrote in a comment on the article. “I don’t know, maybe something like ‘CMC Adds [Networking] Trip to Detroit, MI.” Jesus Munoz PO ’20, who was one of the initial and most outspoken critics, had other complaints. “It was a privilege to live in Ciudad Juarez. I think people in my city have a much better appreciation of life than most of us—because they have seen death in the face,” Munoz wrote in a message to TSL. “I’d much rather have the privilege to live that than to live in a perpetual state of ‘privileged’ ignorance.” The Golden Antlers issued an apology. “As a followed publication on the 5Cs, we understand that The Golden Antlers has influence,” they wrote. “We regret speaking on a topic we are clearly not equipped to address.” The Golden Antlers also stated they would be pausing production of new content temporarily until the end of November “to do an internal examination of how we got to this point.” — Jensen Steady
Pomona College welcomes two new faculty members to Student Affairs According to an email from Dean of Students Avis Hinkson, Pomona College is welcoming Mike Manalo-Pedro as the new Associate Dean and Director of the Asian American Resource Center and Daniel Caballero as the Assistant Director for First Generation Students Programs Nov. 5. Manalo-Pedro formerly was a Community Engagement Coordinator and adjunct faculty member for the Intercollegiate Department of Asian American Studies. He will supercede former Associate Dean and Director of the AARC Kehaulani Vaughn. Caballero will be the first full-time Assistant Director for First Generation Students Programs. According to Dean Hinkson’s email, Caballero aims to “continue Pomona’s commitment to supporting the unique needs of first generation and Undocumented/DACAmented students.” — Becky Hoving
Scripps College hires new associate dean of students Scripps Communities of Resources and Empowerment announced Adriana di Bartolo as the new associate dean of students for Scripps College Oct. 31 through its Facebook page. Prior to being hired at Scripps, di Bartolo earned her doctorate and master’s degrees at Claremont Graduate University and was the founding director of the Queer Resource Center from 2011-2016. She was also the associate dean of students at Pomona College at that time. Since 2016, she was dean of students at Vassar College and worked with the residential life and sexual assault and violence prevention offices as well as student health centers. Di Bartolo “is a passionate voice for inclusion and equity, and a strong advocate for students,” according to the post. She will report to Dean of Students Charlotte Johnson beginning Nov. 30. — Olivia Truesdale
NEWS KECK: News shocked students, faculty Continued from Page 1 because it wanted to commit to a larger project. Months of conversations ensued, and eventually CMC decided to leave Keck. Peter Uvin, CMC’s dean of faculty, said in a statement to TSL that once the decision was made, all the deans and presidents involved “immediately shared the information with their respective faculties.”
“Faculty will now be involved in every aspect of all steps going forward,” he said. “Student input will be solicited as well.” In a message to TSL, Nicholas Mendez CM ’21 wrote he was “pretty surprised” when he first heard about the decision “because CMC admissions always emphasized the benefits of having a joint science program. “But after learning more about the reasons for why we left I under-
stand the reasons for leaving and I believe that it will be better for CMC in the long run,” he wrote. According to the notes, Boyle remains positive about the future of Keck. “Keck is the goose that lays the golden eggs, and we get to keep it,” Boyle said. “We love our science department, Scripps loves it, and we together want to invest in it.”
CMS Health and Wellness Fair body composition testing triggers controversy MARIA HEETER The third annual CMS Health and Wellness Fair faced criticism from students for providing body fat composition testing from the Hydrostatic Body Composition Testing Clinic of California. The event, advertised in an email to the entire Scripps College, Harvey Mudd College, and Claremont McKenna College student bodies, took place at Roberts Pavilion Oct. 26. “The health and wellness fair was created to highlight those health and wellness services and opportunities available to students, faculty, and staff of the [ClaremontMudd-Scripps] Community. Our efforts are to destigmatize helpseeking and empower wellness practices,” Raechel Holmes, CMS athletic trainer and health and wellness coordinator, wrote in a statement sent to TSL. After undergoing the body composition test, in which students were submerged underwater and weighed, students were given a sheet with an assessment of body fat and lean mass percentage, previous test results if applicable, and a calculation of their resting metabolic rate. Test-takers were also given a reference table “showing where you are and where you should be,” which categorizes students’ body fat percentages as “essential, athletic, healthy, fair, unhealthy or very unhealthy.” “Body composition is a basic health assessment just as resting heart rate, blood pressure, blood glucose, and cholesterol/full lipid proteins are all indicators of over-
THE STUDENT LIFE
NOVEMBER 2, 2018
all health,” according to a sheet of paper posted on the Body Composition module labelled “Body Composition Facts.” The owner and operator of Hydrostatic Body Composition Testing Clinic of California, Linda Finley, wrote in an email to TSL about the benefits of measuring body composition rather than weight. “Looking at body composition rather than body weight is far more informative and provides a deeper look at what people are made of,” Finley wrote. “Determining how much lean mass (everything but your fat) and fat mass a [person] has and the ratio between gives a scientific look at a person’s health.” Both Finley and Holmes wrote that hydrostatic testing is the most accurate method of measuring body fat percentage. “The gold standard in body composition testing is hydrostatic weighing, however it is generally difficult to find a location that performs hydrostatic weighing due to the required equipment,” Holmes wrote in a statement to TSL. “Offering a mobile hydrostatic testing method at the health fair allowed individuals to get the best idea of their body composition using the most accurate method.” Several students raised concerns with body fat composition testing and the message CMS sent to the student body by publicizing the event on a Facebook post published by Jamie Haughton SC ’20. “When I got the email [advertising the CMS Health and Wellness Fair] I guess my initial reaction was kind of anger and frustration, because even though it doesn’t
explicitly say fat bodies are bad bodies in the email, it does say it’s about health and wellness and there are only two things mentioned: flu shots and weighing yourself,” Haughton wrote. Haughton acknowledged that she could not speak to the benefits of the testing for athletes, but said she believed both weight and body fat percentage are not dependable or accurate measures of health. “[I]n my experience any focus on a number produces idealizing/unhealthy eating and exercising behaviors,” Haughton wrote in a message to TSL. “[N] umbers are incredibly triggering for people with disordered eating and exercising habits. Any number can become something that one can obsessively track and therefore become dangerous (weight, calorie intake, etc.) body fat percentage is another number.” Danielle Tishkoff Chidester SC ’19 plays competitive ultimate frisbee at the Claremont Colleges and tested her body fat percentage in the fall of 2017. She considers herself an athlete, and found the testing unhelpful, saying that athletes can be successful in their sport without a low body fat percentage. “[Athletes] should be focusing on their performance, and that doesn’t necessarily correlate with body fat,” Tishkoff Chidester said. “I think that falsely equivalating low body fat with athleticism is harmful, and associating low body fat with something to achieve is harmful in a lot of ways.”
SEX: Events focus on sex positivity, creating dialogue Continued from Page 1 and it was hard getting that half,” she said. “It kind of seemed like CMC wasn’t being as supportive of this event as they could have been.” Overall, Trihy asserted that these events were important because of topics discussed that aren’t usually talked about, such as BDSM, sex positivity, and miscellaneous questions about sex. “[Students’] best source of information might be the internet or their group of friends,” she said. “So bringing experts on these topics is crucial to having important conversations.” Another advocate, Andria Tattersfield CM ’21, said that Sex Week gets people to talk about sex and learn about sexual health in ways that promote consent throughout the conversation. “Why I care a lot about Sex Week is that a lot of programming is about preventing sexual assault and it is incredibly important, but in consent culture, there is both the side of stopping toxic culture and filling it with something new that is sex-positive and trauma-informed and consent-informed,” they said. According to Wilson, who spoke to TSL last year, Advocates created Sex Week to educate and promote safe sex and consent through a sex-positive, intersectional lens. “We wanted to make education surrounding sex the focus for a brief period of time,” Wilson told TSL in 2017. “Hookup culture at
ELINOR ASPEGREN • THE STUDENT LIFE
A student from the “Fitness and Friends” event shows another student at the carnival how to post on the compliment board.
CMC is not conducive to consent and pleasure. We need to work on decreasing stigma around desiring sex and increase respect for partners by promoting conversation.” The cornerstone of Sex Week, the Sex Carnival, included tables about sexual assault of LGBTQIA+ and people of color, represented by the Gender and Sexuality Alliance at CMC and Mi Gente respectively. “We just wanted to raise awareness about certain issues that people of color face growing up in households where you’re essentially forced to learn on your own,” Sienna
Hernandez CM ’21 said. Lauren Calogero CM ’19 echoed Hernandez, adding that assault in the LGBTQIA+ community is especially unrecognized because woman-on-woman and man-andman violence is erased. “I think it’s important to engage specific communities and keep in mind those intersectional identities that make survivor stories different,” she said. “So I think being able to include LGBTQ communities is very important because of that erasure — we don’t want to generalize survivor experiences.”
Corrections In the article about 5C voter registration, Lucas Carmel PO ’19 was incorrectly listed as PO ’22. The article also incorrectly said ‘canvassing’ rather than ‘tabling’ in reference to a frequently used voter registration technique. In Athletes of the Week, Claire Hanson CM ’21 was incorrectly listed as CM ’20. In Zachary Freiman’s article, the graphic was incorrectly attributed to Julia Read instead of Meghan Joyce.
TSL regrets these errors.
LIFE & STYLE PAGE 4 MUSIC COLUMN
ANNA KOPPELMAN When I am listening to this song, I am 16 again. It is fall, and I do not want to go to school. I feel awkward in my body — partially because I am 16 and all 16-year-old girls feel awkward in their bodies, but also because I had just spent the last hour staring at myself in front of the mirror, trying on different outfits, wondering how I could morph myself into being good enough for someone to want to touch. I feel the song as I walk to school, the tempo of the bass guitar hitting me just as the autumn wind does; the chorus had become so deeply entwined in my identity that when Lucy Dacus sang, “I don’t wanna be funny anymore. I got a too short skirt, maybe I can be the cute one,” I simply nodded along. I had become one with the song; I was 16 and it was fall and all I wanted was to be beautiful to someone, and awkward to no one.
THE STUDENT LIFE
Growing pains and old playlists Or take this song — when it pops up on shuffle, I find myself stuck in a bright red bathing suit at my friend’s beach house; my boyfriend had just broken up with me outside of her pool. I am 17 and have now locked myself in her room; my eyes are tomato red from a mix of chlorine and tears. I am so angsty and melodramatic that I don’t even flinch as Conor Oberst sings: “I don’t want to eat or get out of bed, try to recall what the therapist said. Ego and Id, the Essential Self, you are who you are and you are someone else.” In that moment, as my mascara spread across my face, I felt his sadness. I embodied it. Play me the right song and I find myself in my older brother’s car as we drive down the West Side Highway. It’s the summer before college. We are blasting Vampire Weekend and I am laughing as he turns the volume up. Or I am standing in the park the night before my friend’s 18th birthday. We are dancing and listening to
Ghosts, ghouls, and the paranormal at the 5Cs
Dancing Queen as many times as we can before the clock strikes midnight. We are attempting to pack in every ounce of 17 before it leaves. Or I am running alongside the new Lorde album. Or I am doing homework, Neutral Milk Hotel humming along in the background. Or I am getting ready for prom, playing the song “BAD GIRLS” by M.I.A. — at first ironically and then as some kind of power anthem. I care about music because it is a time in space. It is an etch of who you were, it’s how you constructed yourself, how you walked through the world until you got sick of that tempo, or that voice, or that song. It’s the lens you viewed everything through until you grew, or changed, or wanted to see things differently. I have just come back to New York after spending seven weeks in California. I listen to Noname now; I have a friend with blue hair; I’ve made out with someone new, and the gridded streets of my childhood feel old somehow.
MEGHAN JOYCE • THE STUDENT LIFE
The Claremont Colleges formed in 1925, and Pomona College’s roots trace all the way back to 1887. With a college history as rich and old as this one, there’s bound to be some restless spirits floating around. Pomona, Scripps College, and Pitzer College have all had reported ghost sightings at their schools, which have been retold through Facebook groups, via word of mouth, and by Girl Scouts from Troop 1094 in the Village Ghost Walk. According to the Claremont Courier, Bridges Auditorium is one site for ghostly activity. “Walter,” a member of facilities who — when helping to brace rafters in the roofline, fell to his death — allegedly still walks the stage. Many staffers caught a glimpse of Walter as he supposedly visited members of the West Wing film production crew. In another instance, the theatre staff had someone set up cameras throughout the known haunted spots and while using an EVP device (an apparatus designed to record ghost sounds) they asked, “Walter, where are you?” What came back was a clear, very distinct whisper: “Right here.” There’s also the ghost of Nila Seaver, the youngest of the Seaver children, who is said to walk the halls of the Department of Alumni Affairs in Pomona’s Seaver House, built in 1900. “I have never seen her, but I am certain she’s here,” Pomona Director of Alumni Relations Nancy Treser-Osgood said to the Claremont Courier in 2014. Treser-Osgood also reported lights turning on and locks unlatching, as well as doors banging and filing cabinets being knocked over. There are plenty of other Pomona ghost stories, such as Gwendolyn in Sumner Hall, and the ghostly sightings are also said to occur at Scripps. As the first building on campus, Toll is speculated to have the most haunts. Stories say that the spirit of Eleanor Toll, the namesake of the dorm, roams the halls. Students have reported objects in their rooms being moved and workers report their names being called out by no one. According to The Scripps Voice’s spread on Nov. 3, 2016, the Toll browsing room is arguably the most cursed place at Scripps. In 2014, a first-year was alone in the room when she felt the walls rattle. Additionally, it is rumored that the spirits of students lie within the chairs and carpets. Opened in 1931, Denison Library is reportedly another one of the most haunted buildings at Scripps. Student attendants report hearing “pencils shaking against each other,” things moving, and sounds in the back room.
Citlalli Vivar SC ’21 said that everyone who works at Denison has a joke about the spirits in the library. “We’re always saying that it’s a friendly ghost,” she said. “Even though we hear things, it’s not anything malevolent. We’ve kind of just adopted the ghost.” At another Scripps residence hall, Dorsey Hall, students have reported hearing knocking in the browsing room, seeing the image of a ghostly young woman wandering the halls, and/or noticing objects being moved. According to Stephanie Nuñez SC ’19, workers have heard hysterical crying at the entrance hallway and soft sweet voices. Students told TSL that some ghosts also haunt the new buildings at the 5Cs. According to Meghan O’Kelley PZ ’22, her suite in Atherton Hall is “mildly haunted.” Opened in early 2000s, Atherton Hall is one of the three halls that house Pitzer first-years. “We hear weird noises and my suitemate and I keep waking up with weird bruises and scratches that we don’t remember getting,” she wrote in an email to TSL. Stories of ghostly happenings at the oldest building on Pitzer campus, the Grove House, abound. Moved to Pitzer in 1976, the Grove House is over 115 years old, and is rumored to host quite a few souls besides the caretaker, who is in charge of upkeep. Caretakers have passed down stories about doors slamming and windows opening on windless nights. Now, whenever there’s strange occurrences, the caretakers “blame it on the spirits.” Although TSL could not find any whisperings of spirits at Harvey Mudd College or Claremont McKenna College, Marie Christine CM ’17 said she wouldn’t be surprised to find ghosts occupying some of Mudd’s many unique buildings. “If there was a ghost anywhere at Mudd, it’d be in the basements [of the academic buildings] or in any of the tunnels they built in the event of a nuclear attack,” she said. Despite all this hearsay about hauntings, life at the Claremont Colleges is still a safe one — former Denison library attendant Judy Harvey Sahak SC ’64 told the Scripps Voice that to her knowledge: “None of the Scripps ghosts are malicious.” So don’t be alarmed next time you hear a loud noise if you’re working in the Toll browsing room or see lights turn on when constructing the set for a theatre production in Big Bridges — it’s likely one of these spirits just wanting to say hello.
It is as if I am walking through the past, each street corner causing me to remember a version of myself I only vaguely know. Being back feels like running into an old best friend from middle school, like awkward distance, like jogged memory. I feel nostalgia at the supermarket, I feel nostalgia in the lobby of my building, I feel nostalgia in my old high school, at my favorite diner, at the greek place, at the MET. I am tired and sitting on steps with my headphones in. It is cold, and I have just gotten my flu shot from my pediatrician, which provides the perfect symbolism for my particular angst. I text my best friend, “I miss having a curfew.” She texts me back: “Have you been listening to your old music again?” Anna Koppelman is a first-year at Pitzer. You can either find her reading poetry, hanging out with friends, or ranting about how long it’s taken for Vampire Weekend to release a new album.
EMMA LI • THE STUDENT LIFE
Ask Addison: On college life, unrequited love, and more
Q: I’m miserable here. I have friends and I like class and I have a job and I really am trying to have a perfect college experience but I’m incredibly sad and I don’t know how to fix it. Help?
NOVEMBER 2, 2018
A: As I was reading your question, the first word that struck me was “perfect.” What is perfect, anyways? Does it exist? I hate to be the bearer of bad news, but the answer is no, it doesn’t. All you can focus on is what feels good to you, and as you continue on in your college career, that will change, too. Try to think about what’s truly bringing you down. Is it the disappointment of not living up to an ideal college experience, or are there other factors you have the ability to change? Either way, it might help to be appreciative of the fact that you have friends and are enjoying your classes, all while making money. Relish in the now and focus on the great aspects of your existence. Sadness is a choice, as is happiness. Derive your feelings of content from inside you and not from outside factors. Smile, breathe, and enjoy each moment. *** Q: How do you deal with unrequited love? Sigh. A: You’ve come to the right place. It’s sad to say, but my history is composed of unrequited love. In those moments it seemed like the end of the world, but now, those times are over and love is abundant in my life. I know it seems difficult, but trust me when I say that this, too, shall pass. Life is beautiful, and
far too short, so pull yourself up and make the most out of your everyday experiences by desiring those who desire you. There is no sense in sighing over someone who doesn’t reciprocate your feelings or in exhausting your emotions wondering why. Live your life and the person who makes you smile will come along when you least expect it. I know that sounds cliche, but I’m living proof that love happens when we least expect it. A few years ago, my then boyfriend cheated on me and got the girl he cheated on me with pregnant. I was left with no place to live and no one to talk to. Through reconnecting with my hobbies, I met the man of my dreams and three years later, we’re still going strong.
Q: There is a boy I like and he says he likes me too but will never make a move and just seems nervous and says he does not know what to do. What do I do to ease his nerves? A: First, kudos to you for expressing yourself to your potential future honey! Guys are way simpler than we often make them out to be. Even though he likes you, he probably has his own issues going on in his head: shyness, lack of confidence, fear of rejection, another crush, who knows, and who has time to figure it out? I’m the type of girl who pursues what I want, so with that in mind, I say you create the time and place for that long-awaited first move to happen.
I’m thinking a weekend beach day, a local hike, or a dinner off-campus. It’ll be just you two, some warm feelings, and the prime opportunity. Be fun and flirty and see what happens. Don’t be scared to touch his hand, walk close or give hugs. If nothing happens after this magical day, don’t be disappointed. I would begin to reflect on the situation and see whether it would be better for the two of you to just keep it as friends. You deserve to have what you want and I guarantee you that if he won’t give it to you, eventually you’ll have someone you adore who will. Ask Addison is an anonymous advice column regarding relationships, college life, and everything in-between. Submit questions to email@example.com.
*** Q: I don’t think about him a lot but I do think about a lot. I keep thinking about him. I’ll do shit and he’ll tell that I’m doing it wrong while doing the same thing. And they’re clearly fucking. I just don’t know what to do. A: It sounds to me like you’re obsessing over this guy who is clearly interested in someone else and lives by a double standard. Do I have it right? If so, it’s time to get over it right now. He’s not yours and if the chance comes around later, you better say “no” because leftovers are for the birds. That’s not to mention that because he’s snoozing on you now, he can’t just wake up when it’s convenient for him. Who does he think he is anyways? You are a star so stop feeding his ego and move ON. ***
NATALIE BAUER • THE STUDENT LIFE
Bike polo: A look at Claremont’s most DIY team LEORA AKBAROV If you ever walk past Frary Dining Hall between 2-4 p.m. on a Friday, you may stop to admire the spectacle that is Claremont’s bike polo team. On a typical afternoon, you will likely see five to 10 players steering bicycles one-handed through Bixby Plaza, jousting (when opponents charge at the ball from opposite ends of the court), and shuffling tennis balls with homemade mallets toward their rival team’s goal. On an off day, you may also see balls sliced in mid-air, ski poles cleaved in half, or unlucky cyclists
flying off the seats of their bikes toward fast-approaching Walker Lounge windows. Hardcourt bike polo, developed in Seattle by bike messengers looking to kill time in between deliveries, is simply, as co-manager Rèmy Rossi PO ’19 explains, “like horse polo but on bikes.” Although it was only popularized in the early 2000’s, the sport has expanded to many cities across North America and Europe where players participate in a variety of bike polo leagues and tournaments. Here, at the 5Cs, the Claremont bike polo team runs as a function of the Green Bike program at Pomona College. While not recognized as an
official club by the Claremont Colleges, that doesn’t bother managers Jojo Fina PO ’19 and Rossi. They explain that, because they’re not bogged down by sponsors or faculty advisers, the group has a liberated feel, untethered by the structure that may make other on-campus organizations seem intimidating or constricted. “It feels very free and chill,” Rossi said. “I like the [do-it-yourself] part of it.” That part is, in many ways, the very heart of the club. The mallets, which are provided for players at the start of practice, are made by nailing bits of PVC piping to old ski poles. The bikes, which are also provided,
CHLOE ORTIZ • THE STUDENT LIFE
Remy Rossi PO ’19 takes a swing with a mallet during a game of bike polo Oct 12.
are all fixed up in the Pomona bike shop. Even the rules of the game are tailored to meet the needs of the group and their space. For example, if a player’s feet ever touch the ground, they are “out,” and to get back “in,” they must tap their mallet against the Frary fountain. Although scoring goals is the only way to earn points, the team has developed its own, unspoken value system that can earn players bragging rights for performing difficult moves or tricks. Some impressive techniques include: switching mallets with another player mid-cycle, scoring a goal by rebounding the ball off of another bike, or picking up a dropped mallet without ever having to stop and dismount. Ultimately, however, the amount of points scored and maneuvers performed are secondary to the group’s primary focus: building a positive, inclusive environment. “The bike community is really exclusive — we’re trying to change that,” Rossi said. “The group’s focus is inclusivity and learning, not competition.” Fina also said she likes the fact that the group practices in such an open space because it encourages occasional passers-by to join. When people stop to watch, she often invites them to just jump in. “Sometimes they do,” she said, “sometimes they’ll just be like, ‘okay, next week.’” Surprisingly, the game isn’t as difficult to learn as it may look. According to Fina, “people pick it up pretty quickly,” so newcomers should not be discouraged. To quote some of the posts on the Pomona Green Bike Shop Facebook Page: “come if you’re new (yes u!) and come if (u think) you’re pro!”
LIFE & STYLE NOVEMBER 2, 2018
THE STUDENT LIFE
Can oceans forecast the future of climate change? D’MAIA CURRY
A recent report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a global body that assesses science related to climate change, found that Earth’s temperature is projected to increase a staggering two degrees Celsius by the end of the century. The report found that if human emissions were immediately reduced to zero, global temperature would only increase by 1.5 degrees. This reduction would lower projected species loss and extinction and reduce the number of people exposed to climate-related risks and those susceptible to climate change induced-poverty, as compared to a two degree increase, the report concluded. “To limit warming by 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2040, there is no way to do that without global CO2 emissions reaching net zero by 2055. For context, we emit about 10 billion tons of carbon per year,” said Jesse Farmer, a postgraduate paleoceanography researcher at Princeton University. Farmer studies ancient ocean sediments to understand the carbon cycle and Earth’s climatic past. He recently talked about his research for a Geology Department Colloquium, a series of geology research talks held through the Pomona College Geology Department each semester. Farmer explained that there are four main carbon reservoirs on the Earth’s surface: the atmosphere, the terrestrial biosphere, sediments, and the ocean, which is the largest reservoir. “What’s important about the anthropogenic perturbation is that the ocean is helping us out,” he explained. “If you get rid of the ocean entirely, atmospheric CO2 levels would be much, much higher. The ocean is fundamentally absorbing carbon, from the fossil fuels that we are emitting today, and taking it out of the atmosphere. So, CO2 levels aren’t as high.” One of the motivations behind Farmer’s research is understanding how carbon inventory in the ocean has changed in the past, particularly
during a time period called the MidPleistocene Transition, around 1 million years ago, where there was a profound alteration in the Earth’s climate rhythm. Farmer explained that climate rhythms over the past million years are tightly coupled to the carbon cycle and the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. “If we figure out how carbon concentration has changed, we can then think about what caused it. If we can figure all this out, we might get a much better sense for how things will change in the future now that we are adding more carbon to the surficial carbon supply,” Farmer said. “Will the ocean continue to just take up carbon from the atmosphere? Will the ocean’s capacity to absorb carbon be exceeded entirely? Will it start releasing carbon back into the atmosphere?” To gain clues about past carbon concentrations in the ocean, Farmer has turned to foraminifera, shelled ocean zooplankton about the size of a pinhead. “They are a paleooceanographer’s best friend,” he exclaimed. Farmer recovers sediments from the bottom of the ocean that contain fossilized shells of foraminifera that lived in the ocean hundreds of millions of years ago. “What we can take advantage of is that forams have this beautiful carbonate shell that provides a potential archive we can use to interrogate changes in ocean chemistry,” Farmer said. A typical day for Farmer involves dissolving these forams in acids and trying to figure out the type of trace elements present in the shells. “Any trace element in the seawater … is incorporated into these foraminifera shells,” Farmer said. “I can measure the ratio of different trace elements in them to tell us something about past ocean chemistry, and that can tell us how much carbon [was] in the oceans in the past.” Quantitative data from Farmer’s research suggests a fundamental increase in carbon content in the ocean 1 million years ago. “There is an increase in the
carbon inventory in the ocean that most likely came from the atmosphere, and if I just do a mass balance and say all the extra carbon in the ocean came out of the atmosphere, then we must have had to reduce CO2 in the atmosphere in order to increase carbon in the ocean,” Farmer said. Understanding how carbon concentrations in the ocean changed 1 million years ago has plenty of implications for the climate change we are experiencing today. The time period Farmer’s research is based in spans over a million and a half years of Earth’s history. “Even this abrupt event at the [Mid-Pleistocene Transition], which is on the order of 40-50 thousand years, is an extremely long time compared to what’s happening today,” Farmer said. “It’s not so much the magnitude of the human perturbation that matters, it’s how quickly it’s happening.” As Farmer explained, slow changes in the carbon cycle in the past have resulted in large changes in Earth’s cycle. We have already added three times more carbon to the ocean in the past 200 years than the amount of carbon that was absorbed by the ocean during the MPT, a time period lasting thousands of years. Farmer concluded that “even if you are not part of this field, in the future you’re going to see a lot more discussion as to what is the role of our knowledge of the carbon system.” As global temperature increases and the effects of climate change intensify, Farmer believes one question could become prominent: Is there a way we can take advantage of what we know about that the carbon cycle to pull some amount of CO2 out of the atmosphere? His answer: We don’t know nearly enough about the system yet. D’Maia Curry is a geology major at Pomona College. She loves dancing, reading, and looking at really cool rocks.
JULIA READ • THE STUDENT LIFE
The 2018 Nelson Series highlights the omnipresence of data science and its accompanying challenges. MONDAY, NOV. 5
R. DAVID EDELMAN
Former White House Tech Advisor and Director, Project on Technology, Economy and National Security, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
“ETHICS IN THE AGE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND BIG DATA” With technology permeating every sector of the economy, our businesses and our everyday lives, we are being asked to confront new and profound ethical questions. Edelman’s discussion will help audiences understand the underlying technological trends forcing these ethical dilemmas; provide them with the tools to manage them, whether writing code, leading teams or interacting with friends; and engage them with timely examples of how organizations and their leaders have dealt with various dilemmas—successfully and otherwise. R. David Edelman is one of the nation’s foremost authorities on how new innovations are changing life and business around the globe. Dubbed the nation’s “Chief Cyber Diplomat,” his insights on issues like artificial intelligence (A.I.), cybersecurity, data ethics and the geopolitics of technology have shaped national and international policy at the highest levels. Admission to this public lecture series is complimentary. Inquiries may be directed to stewardship@ hmc.edu, or call the Office of Stewardship and Events at 909.607.1818. Harvey Mudd College is a member of The Claremont Colleges. | 301 Platt Boulevard | Claremont, CA 91711 | hmc.edu/nelson
All’s fair in love and simulated Congress SEAN OGAMI Romance and politics don’t often go hand-in-hand. It’s hard to imagine a concept less steamy than legislation, or an environment less sexy than Congress. And yet, in the aisles of a simulated Congress debating real politics at Claremont McKenna College, love blossomed. Several times. To date, six engagements and weddings have transpired between alumni of Professor Jack Pitney’s U.S. Congress class. The latest relationship to be announced is between Heath Hyatt CM ’12 and Katie Rodihan CM ’14. Pitney recalls that both former students took more than just his U.S. Congress class — in fact, they met in his public policy class. They embody a pattern true of most students, he says, who enroll in his Congress offering: ambitious, politically passionate, up to date. Since graduating, Hyatt, Rodihan, and many other Pitney alumni have gone on to work on political campaigns, both local and national. A singular type of person tends to be drawn to the Congress simulation, Pitney adds. It’s a voluntary gauntlet that attracts people of similar intensities — a “certain esprit de corps,” as Pitney put it. Or, as he later stated: “A large chunk of the class is political junkies.” Perhaps there’s a compatibility in matched passions. If there is, Pitney suggests that the crucible of the Congress simulation may help forge it. The simulation is only one week of the class, but Pitney considers it the centerpiece. It’s why students sign up, and every enrolling student knows what they’re in for. Pitney likens the simulation to “entering the matrix.” He said, “Something in it feels real.”
AMY BEST • THE STUDENT LIFE
CMC professor Jack Pitney teaches a Congress simulation course, which yields an unusually large amount of student marriages.
Students assume the identities of standing members of Congress and debate real issues as if they were, say, Dianne Feinstein or Mitch McConnell. If this sounds like a recipe for disaster (or at least very, very heated discourse), it almost is. According to Pitney, the simulation produces intense student interactions in both good and bad ways. But the important thing is that the experiences stick with these people for the rest of their lives. Pitney has kept in touch with students for years after they graduate throughout decades of teaching. Among the students who emerge, these lasting ties could be a bonding agent of sorts. Sarah Malott CM ’19 took Pitney’s class last fall. Not an aspiring politician, aide, or anything of the sort herself, she found the class through a friend’s recommendation. She enrolled, intrigued by the class and charmed by Pitney, who she called a “really eccentric but really enthusiastic guy.”
She recalls the most heated class wasn’t specifically the simulation itself, but rather during its lead-up. Having chosen and researched a senator to roleplay, the students were to create faux Twitter accounts where they would tweet as the real McCoy would. “There was one point where fake John McCain started hate-tweeting me,” she said, laughing. “It was pretty funny.” Faux partisanship begat real passion. “Everyone was super, super into their role,” she said. Even now, well after the end of the class, she still greets her fellow “senators” as such. As for relationships within her simulation? She can’t remember definitively. “I feel like there was,” she said. At the very least, she saw a potential — one that has continued to be realized over the years for increasingly clear reasons. “It really was a bonding experience,” she said.
The evolution of what reading means to me
TARINI SIPAHIMALANI From my early years to around late middle school, I inhabited the role of the quiet, shy, and excruciatingly reserved kid. My life was chiefly internal — I withheld everything tightly into my tiny frame. While I had strong bonds with my friends, and deep extracurricular interests to foster my engagement with the world, the extent to which I truly revealed my honest self was minimal. My friends knew me, but there was still so much more of me left to be shown. I didn’t allow myself to open up to the external world, fully breathing in the sensations of vulnerability that come from open experiences. I remember a phone call with one of my best friends after an incident that I can now recall nothing of, except that it left me talking to her quietly in the bathroom about my closed-off emotional expression. She had been ranting, laying out her bruised feelings, looking for my rational confirmation, but pretty quickly she turned to examining my hidden vulnerabilities. “Why don’t you ever open up with us? Do you just not feel these kind of things?” Boy, was she wrong. “I just keep it to myself, listen to music, read, and think about it on the bus home,” I half-heartedly joked. It was her inquiry that made me realize that my inward nature wasn’t just holding me back in general life experiences, but also in my relationships.
It was during this period that I relied on reading for my exposure to some sort of ‘external,’ albeit fictional, world. I wanted to be able to experience vicariously the excitement, adventure, and expression I tightly caged in my real life, without the risks of complete self-exposure. Reading was my means of experiencing the mundane things my friends were already fully submerging themselves into. My lack of openness made me seem carefully composed and intellectually focused, but really I was just safe and comfortable in my internal nest. While my friends took a step forward with their crushes, I buried mine deep within my consciousness, masking my feelings and disallowing the thought of interaction — they interacted with me only within the boundaries of my fantasies. Instead of directly involving myself with others, I turned to books like “One Day” to fill the romantic void in my life. I lusted after the kind of connection characters formed in these stories — an untraceable and unreplicable draw through which the world keeps routing one back to the other. While my friends performed confidently on stage or simply engaged with life freely and unapologetically, I turned to dystopian and fantasy novels for my fill of adventure. Immersing myself into strange but rousing worlds, I felt myself also marked as some kind of ‘chosen one,’ gilded with onceundermined abilities, experiencing simultaneously the world and the
raw honesty of my potential. I was so wrapped up in these other fictional worlds that I assigned a kind of romanticism to my emotional isolation — I felt empty and somewhat lifeless without my immersion. Picking up a book I loved would be my elixir, and being forced to put it down would lay me back into my isolated emotional grave. Though a part of this vicarious high can be attributed to the dreamer in me, which I still haven’t lost, I have, thankfully, grown away from my violently inward self. My experience with reading now isn’t what it used to be; it fuels different purposes. As an English major, the literary and formal elements in books draw me in into a state of geeky ardor. It is a more distant, analytical, yet still appreciative glance at a story that has continued to draw me into the experience of reading. I love how layers of interpretation coalesce together, and how each word or
phrase can conjure up a number of diverging forks in the story’s progression. I delight in the phonetics embedded within the visuals evoked, which submerge the reader into a reality composed simply from a stream of words. But more importantly, where I once romanticized my inward self, I have started romanticizing my personal growth — aspiring toward the best version of myself. Reading is all about psychology: analyzing characters, their relationships with each other, and their reactions to certain situations in the contexts in which they are placed. I find an allure in tracking these psychological facets in characterization, and every so often I find myself holding other characters up against myself. Those I have hated have told me as much
about myself as have the characters I have loved, each of them carrying with them histories I can relate to in some way. The qualities that each character bears are parallel to my own in some shape or form. The context of the story or the outcome the characters face shed a light into my own distant future, giving me a vision of my life and how I want to shape it. We learn about ourselves and the paths we want to take from books, but in a much deeper way than merely reciting the simplistic ‘moral of the story.’ Like before, I still overlap closely with the characters, but rather than allowing them to devour my individual self, I am able to retain enough
distance so that I can live my own life, separate from fictional worlds, openly and expressively. Reading now helps me to develop many aspects of myself, including my self-understanding and creativity, as well as to foster my evaluation of the world. This greater understanding has accompanied me in my quest to become more vulnerable within the world. Tarini Sipahimalani is an English major at Pomona College. She enjoys drawing, singing a cappella, and tennis, but mostly for social purposes.
DIAMOND PHAM • THE STUDENT LIFE
OPINIONS NOVEMBER 2, 2018
THE STUDENT LIFE
The Student Life, the oldest college newspaper in Southern California, is produced and managed by students of the Claremont Colleges and published weekly. The Editorial Board consists of the editor-in-chief and two managing editors. Aside from the editorial, the views expressed in the Opinions section do not necessarily reflect the views of TSL. Email letters, questions, concerns, and tips to firstname.lastname@example.org, advertising inquiries to email@example.com, and print subscription inquiries to firstname.lastname@example.org.
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People who vote Automatic swipe right
Halloweekend 3 nights, 3 costumes
People who don’t vote No “I voted!” sticker for you
Halloween on a Wednesday Thursday hangovers
Pizza Thank you to Claremont Colleges Buddhism
Dodgers lose WS again Always next year
Production night Can never attend Thursday night events
:’( Hank is sad.
ST UD EN TH E • N
HANK SNOWDON Managing Editor
BROOKE SPARKS, ADITYA GANDHI, LAUREN KOENIG, JAMIE REID, NADYA SIRINGO, Copy Editors CASSIE WANG, Production Editor JAMES KARSTEN, Senior Design Editor MADELINE MCCLUSKEY, Design Consultant QUIN FRALEY, News Designer HELENA ONG, Life & Style Designer SHAY LARI-HOSAIN, Opinions Designer JILLIAN BATIUK, Sports Designer CHRISTOPHER HU, Distribution Manager MEGHAN JOYCE, Graphics Editor CHLOE ORTIZ, Photo Manager TALIA BERNSTEIN, Photo Editor ALICE SHINN, Social Media Manager MAX OBER, Social Media Associate GRACE OZONOFF-RICHEY, Development Manager JULIANA ROMEO, Development Manager
MEGHAN BOBROWSKY Managing Editor
JAIMIE DING, News Editor OLIVIA TRUESDALE, News Editor SAMUEL BRESLOW, Senior News Adviser BECKY HOVING, News Associate NATALIE GOULD, Life & Style Editor MAYA KLEIMAN, Life & Style Editor MABEL LUI, Life & Style Associate DONNIE DENOME, Opinions Editor ANIKKA VILLEGAS, Opinions Editor KELLAN GRANT, Sports Editor NOAH SHAPIRO, Sports Editor BERGEN CARLOSS, Video Editor EMILY PUGH, Podcast Editor SAFIA HASSAN, Business Manager ANGELA TRAN, Business Manager OWEN WANG, Business Associate MAYA ZHOU, Communications Director WHITNEY WACHTEL, Web Developer AMBER CHONG, Copy Chief
ARIEL SO Editor-in-Chief
After Jamal Khashoggi’s death, justice is unclear ER
THE STUDENT LIFE
CHRISTOPHER SALAZAR The cozied relationship between Saudi Arabia and the United States will lapse after the murder of Saudi Washington Post contributor Jamal Khashoggi. But, business will continue despite the Middle Eastern country’s soured reputation. President Donald Trump’s administration is at a loss. This was evident in Trump’s initial approach — old habits persisted. He has an affinity for authoritarian leaders like Russia’s Vladimir Putin or China’s Xi Jinping, where he’s quick to believe their denials. This pattern of interrogationturned-conspiracy repeated following the journalist’s murder. After Khashoggi’s execution in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Trump offered an alternative scenario where “rogue killers” were responsible. He was reluctant to trace the murder to the royal family. Overwhelming evidence suggests Mohammed bin Salman, Deputy Crown Prince and Minister of Defense for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, ordered the hit. The White House’s dilemma is how to save face while ensuring justice. The benefit of cultivating Saudi Arabia’s camaraderie is bandaging their blatant disregard for human rights. If the statement released by the Saudi public prosecutor, who claimed the incident was the result of a fight gone awry, was true, there would be no need for a bone saw or a Khashoggi double. Washington once adored the Saudi Crown Prince. Now, the commander-in-chief, left to rummage through bad options, has shifted his position on the butchery, calling the incident “the worst cover-up ever.” Regardless, Saudi Arabia is the number one purchaser of U.S. arms. Silicon Valley is awash in Saudi money. This partly explains the
Don’t let the global warming black swans get you down BEN REICHER Suppose I offer you a bet: “$50 says all swans are white.” All you would have to do is find one black swan, even if the overwhelming majority are white. Now suppose my bet is: “$50 says the world would benefit from policies to transition off fossil fuels, even if it requires an unprecedented restructuring of the global economy.” Would you take that bet? The odds definitely don’t look good for you. A recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report found that the world has until 2030 to significantly reduce its greenhouse gas emissions, of which burning fossil fuels is a main source. Otherwise, it would be too late to prevent global warming in excess of 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and with it potentially irreparable socioeconomic harms from climate change. Then, there are countless models before it that similarly foretell climate disaster with unchecked emissions (which are more accurate than some would have you believe). Perhaps you find that one black swan in a flock of white; the one model that proves, under peerreview, that greenhouse gas emissions won’t cause severe enough impacts to warrant a restructuring of the economy. Such a model, as of now, doesn’t exist; but there’s always the possibility someone will discover it (and many have tried). I’d still win. Suppose all the models are wrong, and global warming doesn’t exist. Suppose there is no social cost of carbon, which William Nordhaus (co-recipient of the 2018 Nobel Prize for Economics) calculated at $40 to $50 per ton of carbon dioxide. In that case, I can feel safer spending those $50 now. But it will be me spending it and not you, because it would still make sense to transition off fossil fuels. Since 2015, the number of U.S. jobs in solar has been higher than those in oil, gas, and coal extraction. In 2017, Solar Foundation reported that solar employed twice as many people as coal. Overall, only oil had more jobs than solar in 2017, and that may soon change. Solar, wind, biopower, and geothermal added more U.S. jobs per gigawatt-hour of energy generated than coal, natural gas, nuclear, and oil combined in 2016. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects
White House’s unclear stance on how to exact its promise of “severe punishment.” The affair is convoluted. Yet, President Trump needs to delineate between Saudi Arabia, a regional ally, and the personalities of its rulers. Bin Salman disgraced his crown, Khashoggi’s family, and the Oval Office. The brutal crime broke the royal’s refined facade at a time when the oil-rich country needs to reform to remain relevant amidst fossil fuels’ waning sway. Here, the answer to the question of why the prince would jeopardize his image is simple: Dictators are obtuse. In their authoritarian bubbles, they have the fortune of impunity. The Crown Prince suffered from the same disconnect of perceived consequences his ilk is accustomed to. Before, the prince was hailed in the West as a beacon of change. Preceded by his warm welcome here, the irony is that we’ve grudgingly realized that enemies are hardly requisite with friends like the Saudi royal family. In no uncertain terms, our history with Saudi Arabia offers a distasteful reminder that foreign relations are at odds with moral conscience. To that end, the current administration shifted their Middle Eastern focus from President Obama’s acquiescence to Iran to Saudi Arabia. Not surprisingly, Saudi leadership welcomed President Trump after eight years of Obama’s fixation on their regional competitor. Obama’s reluctance to intervene in the Syrian Civil War or send considerable forces to Iraq to confront the Islamic State frustrated the Saudi monarchs. They eagerly anticipated Trump’s aversion to all things Obama. Wooing Jared Kushner and his father-in-law was a near effortless
“solar photovoltaic installers” and “wind turbine service technicians” to have the highest growth rates of all jobs 2016-26. Meanwhile, the domestic coal and oil industries are not only dying out, but are highly automated, so not that many jobs would be created in those industries even if they did make a comeback. Another benefit of jobs in renewable energy (at least in the United States) is that they are often inherently local jobs in installation and maintenance, meaning they cannot be outsourced. Energy transition also can save money for producers by reducing the operating cost, which translates to lower prices for consumers. Forbes reports that renewables are predicted to be “consistently” cheaper than fossil fuels by 2020. Comparing the costs of installing a power source and running it over the course of its lifetime (called levelized cost of electricity), U.S. wind and solar are already cheaper than coal and nuclear, and are rapidly closing in on natural gas (oil is rarely used for power generation). The amazing thing is that renewables have such a low LCOE without
subsidies. There are other environmental benefits to transitioning off fossil fuels, even if the greenhouse gases they emit are found to be harmless. 45.3 percent of water collected in the United States is used to cool nuclear reactors and plants that burn fossil fuels, the biggest source of domestic water demand. This doesn’t even include water used to get the fuel source, through methods such as fracking. Contaminated water is frequently released into the environment, harming local ecosystems. “The water needed by solar panels and wind turbines is orders of magnitude lower,” according to the article about renewable energy in Scientific American. Apart from greenhouse gases, burning fossil fuels releases additional air pollutants that, while not warming the planet, cause significant harm to human health. Sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, and heavy metals like lead and mercury are all emitted by coal plants alone. Think of the Great Smog of London — or, for that matter, contemporary Beijing or New Delhi.
According to Clean Air Task Force, airborne coal pollution was killing 13,000 Americans a year in 2010, a time when coal produced about half the U.S. power supply. In 2017, with coal’s share about one-third, that number was 7,500. Note that all of these are strictly U.S. benefits. Worldwide, Reuters reports that transitioning off fossil fuels would grow the world economy by $26 trillion by 2030. Greener investment could create 65 million new jobs in 2030 and avoid 700,000 premature deaths from air pollution in that year. Transitioning off fossil fuels is like Pascal’s Wager: If you believe in God and he exists, you win; if you believe in God and he doesn’t exist, you lose nothing. Except, if you transition off fossil fuels and global warming doesn’t exist, you still see meaningful wins. The only outcomes are winning and winning a lot more. Ben Reicher PO ’22 is a contributing writer from Agoura Hills, CA. He is also a member of Sierra Club.
Christopher Salazar PZ ’20 is a philosophy major from La Verne, CA. He’s not one to proselytize, but he believes whiskey on the rocks is sacrilege.
Pittsburgh shooting response lackluster TALIA IVRY Guest Columnist
MEGHAN JOYCE • THE STUDENT LIFE
victory for bin Salman, given the Saudi regime’s proclivity to domineer and President Trump’s desire to distance himself from the Obama worldview. Washington looked to secure the region through Saudi Arabia. However, the Crown Prince’s blunders include Qatar, Yemen, and Lebanon. Khashoggi’s murder merely revealed what the White House overlooked: King Salman’s impulsive heir. If the foreign policy flounders failed to demonstrate the 33-yearold’s ineptitude, the impetuous bloodshed has. By American standards, Khashoggi’s dissention offered tame critiques. It was enough to forfeit his life. The ensuing global outcry forced King Salman to take the reign. Typically, this hasn’t been the response. In numerous cases, outrage became apathy due, in part, to absent accountability. Authoritarian regimes brush off conventional defense of journalists and protesters as Western governments recede from policing. Publicly debasing human rights transgressors is no longer effective, and the efforts are negatively compounded by the dizzying 24-hour news cycle. Journalists live and die by their capacity to dissent. The United States can hardly pretend to safeguard human rights if this atrocity is swept under the rug. While trade and regional interests supersede ethics, the point of our discontent is to demand and protect what’s right.
The events of this past weekend horrified and disgusted the world, yet left the Jewish community, on the whole, unsurprised. Perhaps due to the fact that I revisit anti-Semitism week after week in Post-Holocaust Philosophy Theory with Pomona College professor Oona Eisenstadt, I have become especially inured to the idea that the Jewish people have long been victims of spontaneous violence and persecution. As I and other young Jews have been forced to reckon with the aftermath of the shooting at the Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh, I have been dismayed by the inadequacy of official responses. In particular, their failures to recognize the unique status of this attack as a hate crime symptomatic of a global rise in antiSemitism today. On Saturday morning, I awoke late in my dorm room and rolled over blearily to a text from my fellow Jewish friend: “Wake up. Shooting at a temple in pa during shabbat services.” While the Jewish community sat with the traumatic news, I noticed within the greater community the same insistent push to move on from tragedy that Holocaust survivor Jean Améry lamented in his memoir “At the Mind’s Limits.” Instead of fully considering the weight of a tragedy, Améry argues, the world too quickly pushes forward. I noticed it in politicians’ responses: Pittsburgh Mayor Bill Peduto “vowed that the city would move forward.” Representative Frank Dermody offered a message of support to law enforcement “moving forward.” Attorney General Josh Shapiro emphasized the necessity of conversation and actions ahead that “are critical for us to heal and move forward together.” Even the response of Pomona College’s president G. Gabrielle Starr ended with a “hope for a future that is more willing to seek peace.” While these statements are no doubt well-intentioned, they seem particularly unsettling in light of one fact. A common thread resounds: a condolence, and then a call to move forward. As I read more of these responses, I am left not with hope, but with a sickening sense that this country will just move on. Instead of talking about the broader implications of rising anti-Semitism, public discourse is already settling into banal condolences and vague hopes for the
future. Not only does the Jewish community need a moment to grieve, but conversation around the shooting must be shifted to focus on its anti-Semitic nature. It is no coincidence that the shooting happened at a time when anti-Semitism is at a current high in America; it is well known that antiSemitism accompanies and fuels both racism and white supremacy. Random acts of violence may be “senseless,” as President Starr asserts, but the motivations behind this one are far from incomprehensible, and to suggest that “no one can understand” why this man shot up a synagogue is not only irresponsible, but offensive. The setting of the shooting — a synagogue during a Saturday morning Shabbat service — and the identity of the perpetrator, a radically anti-Semitic white supremacist, should be central to our understanding of this tragedy. Failing to acknowledge the long, painful history of anti-Semitic violence, lumping this anti-Semitic tragedy in with hate crimes driven by other biases, and entirely omitting the phrase “anti-Semitism” from responses to this tragedy feed into the erasure of rising antiSemitism in the world. It also narrows our understanding of the tragedy by ignoring the history of hatred toward Jews. We can understand an act like the shooting: We have the gunman’s social media record, we know the white supremacist groups of which he was a member. We recognize the age-old tradition of anti-Semitic violence. Indeed, the only way we can attempt to stop future racist or anti-Semitic incidents is to identify and emphasize their unique nature. Calls to action are needed in our country regardless of mass tragedy. There is nothing that can be said in response to mass violence that fully validates its weight, so of course bureaucratic messages will always fall flat. Yet this does not mean their wording is not important. No matter its intent, ending a message of condolence with a vague, hopeful upturn is as mistaken as it is goyishe. There is no moving forward; there is no forgetting the past. We owe that to the victims, the survivors, and our people. Talia Ivry PO ’21 is from Madison, WI, and currently trying to figure out her major. She enjoys boating, cloudwatching, and crafting Spotify playlists for every occasion.
OPINIONS NOVEMBER 2, 2018
Jasper’s Crossword: Houston, we have a problem ACROSS 1. “Rarely is the question asked: “____________ learning?” 13. Media literacy: is this article ______ opinion? 14. Next to bat 15. Drug cartel once headed by El Chapo 17. CMC spot for lunch and a lecture (abbr.) 18. “I know how hard it is for you to ______________ family.” 22. It precedes -ppi, twice 23. Flightless bird from New Zealand 24. Sardonic 25. Company that developed early radio networks and TVs 28. E.g. nuclear or chemical weapon 30. A.D., in more secular terms 31. POTUS quoted in 1, 18, 45, and 55-across 34. The score at the beginning of a game 35. Young doggo 36. Your parents’ child 37. Adenosine triphosphate 39. Bleats like a sheep 42. Device that changes TV chnl. 45. “I think we agree, _____________.” 49. Bezos, Cook, or Zuckerberg 50. Home of an eponymous (and frequently drunk, high, or naked) “Man” in the news 51. Cream-colored retriever 54. A/V, partially spelled out 55. “Thank you, your Holiness. _____________.”
DOWN 1. Some detectives, like Clouseau and Gadget (abbr.) 2. Branches of a 2 millionstrong labor union 3. Good piece of car knowledge: how to change your
THE STUDENT LIFE
JASPER DAVIDOFF • THE STUDENT LIFE
_______ 4. Military branch responsible for POTUS’ plane 5. Hershey-brand lump of chocolate and caramel 6. What Nixon denied being 7. Jupiter ’s fourth-largest moon 8. Natural logarithm 9. June 6, 1944 10. Pull back to the impound lot 11. Online congregation 12. Country of KJI and now KJU 16. 2018 years ago 19. “That really hurt!” 20. Austere homeowner who says “I don’t want that in my neighborhood!”
21. Type of bread that includes pumpernickel (or misspelling of 24-across) 26. Police officer 27. Caribbean island off the coast of Venezuela 29. Pair 31. Beef with black lipstick? 32. Some in Claremont are out of 12 33. Continue to live 34. Plant-based “milk” now competing with soy and almond 38. Award-winning “Get Out” director Jordan 40. Federal agency concerned with guns and booze 41. Biblical figure aka Silvanus
43. Combat doc 44. Rubbish 46. Tide products people keep eating, for some reason 47. Chicken noodle or minestrone 48. General Wingate who died two months before 9-down 51. State where Kemp and Abrams are running for governor 52. One famous one was 9066 (in the era of 9-down) 53. State with capital Santa Fe
How dining hall labels fail students LILY BORAK A glimpse of hell: Malott dining hall, 12:15 p.m., Monday through Thursday. Neither quiz nor test nor final exam can match the stress of pushing through the ravenous lunch mob in pursuit of a Beyond Burger — and the defeat of not finding one there. Barely 5-feet-2inches and often on the verge of being crushed by the stampede, I’ve learned to expect stress from my Scripps College lunch excursions. B u t b e yo n d t h e i r b u s y, overwhelming atmospheres, dining halls create stress for students in other, more private ways. Recently, I had a conversation with a few friends about the calorie contents posted in each dining hall. For many students, such blatant displays of calories can be damaging and stress-inducing. Since that conversation, I’ve thought a lot about the way our dining halls approach health and wellness. On one hand, simplistic labeling (food, calories, allergens) inadvertently creates an environment in which mindful eating is synonymous with caloriecounting. On the other hand, the United States has one of the highest rates of obesity, due in part to Americans’ highly caloric diets. Calorie counts offer little insight into the nutritional value of items served in dining halls and lack meaning when presented in a vacuum. A mere number fails to indicate what comprises those calories, whether a food item is highly proteinaceous or fatty, whether it offers essential vitamins, or even what size serving correlates to the posted caloric content. But this does not mean our dining halls should be completely devoid of calories. Some studies have found that rates of obesity in college students hover around 30 percent. While the efficacy of calorie counting as a means of combating obesity remains questionable, college students’ need for guidance in making healthy decisions remains crucial. I understand how mentally and physically damaging it is to be constantly bombarded by calories while in the dining halls. The current system of labeling is
frustrating. At once, it dances around the lack of balanced diets on campus while also propagating restrictive habits and toxic mentalities. Nonetheless, students must have access to more information about their food. Signage in dining halls could be more nuanced, at the very least consistently offering serving sizes and some degree of information concerning the nutritional contents (sodium, vitamins, proteins, etc.) of a food. Though some dining halls on campus do have some signs with this information, namely Harvey Mudd College and Scripps, the labeling is inconsistent, unclear, and sometimes incorrect. Offering more information about dining hall foods combats the notion that health begins and ends with caloric intake. For some students, college may be the first time in their lives during which they are making their own choices regarding food. It is important for students to develop their own understanding of nutrition — one that extends beyond calories — before being catapulted into the adult world upon graduation. Recent FDA regulations made it unlawful for most restaurants and dining services to not display calories. For better or worse, calorie counts will be even more present in American food establishments. Interface with calorie counts now may help students navigate their interactions with food later in life. The issue extends beyond “calories are good” and “calories are bad.” For some folks, interface with calories serves as a perpetuating factor in restrictive eating habits. For others, it serves as an important component of recovering from an eating disorder. Ultimately, we cannot gauge to what degree calories are harming or helping students. Instead, the dialogue should be shifted toward how dining halls can empower students to make the right choices for their specific needs. This begins with more nuanced labels in which calories are not made to seem as though they are the only information that matters. Lily Borak PZ ’21 is a neuroscience major from Newton, MA. She loves telling everyone Boston sports teams are the best despite never really watching Boston sports.
KATIE ERICKSON • THE STUDENT LIFE
We should worry about sex robots EAMON MORRIS With all that’s going on in our political climate, sex robots aren’t something a lot of people are concerned about. But, they should be. Sex robots are a gateway: their use promotes the notion that the ideal sexual partner should submit, say nothing, and serve. They’re a stepping stone to normalizing abusive relationships. Sex technology is a $15 billion yearly industry, and companies like KinkySDolls, Realbotix, and Real Doll have taken advantage of that sum to build on demands for sex robots. This demand can be translated as a perverse desire (mostly from men) for sex that is completely non-committal, actions that are nonconsequential, and devoid of consent. Sex robots are a particularly contentious issue in Houston, where Canadian company KinkySDolls recently attempted to open what some are describing as a robot brothel. Several Christian leaders and activist groups went against the company on a religious basis. My concern isn’t with the Bible, but with the word robots can’t actually say — “yes.” In other words, robots are incapable of giving consent. Their lack of free will means that their consent or lack thereof is meaningless. Lack of consent also exists with non-humanoid sex toys like vibrators. But unlike a vibrator, a sex robot deeply resembles a human (albeit one with exaggerated features). Humanoid robots designed for sex are particularly concerning because they have the potential to end up serving no purpose other than to be twisted and complicit depictions of human intimacy. The moment we become complacent with our treatment of these robots in discourse, we risk the complete actualization of
that perverse purpose. RealBotix programs their robots to moan and engage in basic conversation — but not to say “no.” This isn’t surprising. The founder of Realbotix, Matt McMullen, sees no potential issues with his technology. “There are millions of real women who do more damage to objectify women than any robot could ever do,” he said to Forbes in September. It’s ironic that McMullen talks about “real women” as something different than his robots. On his website, the company advertises their model with the slogan “Be the first to never be lonely again!” This seems to say that robots are capable of providing the same level of companionship as real women. Yet, the site describes their leading model as a sort of perfect “woman” — one who can stimulate feelings of companionship without needing reciprocation. The company advertises their female sex robots in a way that seems to forget their intrinsic lack of humanity. McMullen’s misogyny shatters the credibility of his company. It’s clear that his goal isn’t to help lonely people feel loved, but to make money by whatever means necessary — even if that means creating, marketing, and idealizing hyper-sexualized versions of the human body. Much like inappropriate relationships in the workforce, human/sex robot relationships are dominated by an unfair balance of power. Not only are robots incapable of giving consent, but they’re also incapable of leaving their users. Machine awareness could further complicate issues; robots might not give consent but would be forced to engage in sex acts due to their less-than-human status. While these sex robots don’t feel discomfort at this stage in their development, they’re a part of a
bigger societal problem. When taking into consideration college rape culture, sex robots aren’t what’s going to skyrocket sexual assault statistics. But, they do contribute to dangerous ideas about sex. The idea of a complacent, purchasable individual hurts our understanding body image, consent, and sex-positive education. When society normalizes relationships with robots, we begin a descent smoothed down by machine oil, silicone, and rape culture into a world where real human relationships are replaced by ones that are idealistic and fabricated. Users of sex robots and those who accept their presence are led to believe that consent isn’t necessary, and that sexual abuse is socially acceptable. Eamon Morris PZ ’22 is from Orange, CA. He’s allergic to anything without caffeine.
NINA POTISCHMAN • THE STUDENT LIFE
SPORTS PAGE 8
NOVEMBER 2, 2018
THE STUDENT LIFE
Nov. 2 - Nov. 8
Pomona-Pitzer Saturday, Nov. 3 Men’s Water Polo Whittier At P-P 11 a.m. Women’s Soccer SCIAC Championship Occidental E DIT At P-P PICOKR’S 12 p.m. Men and Women’s Swim and Dive At Fresno 12 p.m. Football At Occidental 1 p.m. Wednesday, Nov. 7 Men’s Water Polo At Caltech 7 p.m.
Claremont-Mudd-Scripps Saturday, Nov. 3 Men’s Water Polo At Caltech 11 a.m. Football Chapman At CMS 1 p.m. Men and Women’s Swim and Dive At Chicago 1 p.m. Men’s Water Polo La Verne At CMS 2:30 p.m. Women’s Volleyball SCIAC Championship Cal Lutheran EDIT At CMS PICOKR’S 6 p.m.
CMS AND P-P CROSS COUNTRY
P-P men and CMS women take first place at cross-country SCIAC championship GABBY HERZIG Both the Pomona-Pitzer men’s and Claremont-Mudd-Scripps women’s cross-country teams emerged victorious at the SCIAC Championship Oct. 27 in Chino, California. The Sagehens successfully defended last year ’s victory, while the Athenas secured their ninth straight SCIAC title. The P-P men’s team had six runners finish in the top 10 overall. Andy Reischling PO ’19 claimed the individual title for the second year in a row with a time of 25:52.6, averaging an impressive 5:12.4 minute mile. Reischling has won three Athlete of the Week All-SCIAC honors in his senior season. The Sagehens’ depth has been on display all season, but this weekend’s win, by 51 points over Occidental College and 58 points over CMS, showcased their dominance in the league. “Our depth is extremely important,” said P-P men’s coach Jordan Carpenter. “Obviously it shows on race day with our ability to put seven runners near the front, but it is even more important in our training. We have a great group of guys who all push each other to be better day in and day out. I think we saw that pay off on Saturday.” In addition to Reischling’s win, the Sagehens saw four runners earn their first All-SCIAC honors: Ethan Widlansky PO ’22, Adin Becker PO ’20, Dante Paszkeicz PO ’22, and Ethan Ashby PO ’21. “That group really showed up and earned their first taste of success at the SCIAC level,” said Carpenter of the first-time All-SCIAC honorees. “We are a pretty young team, so I am glad we are getting in some quality championship experience with this group.” As for the women’s SCIAC
COURTESY OF KIRK REYNOLDS
Andy Reischling PO ’19 crosses the finish line for his second consecutive overall win at the SCIAC Championship.
title, the Athenas finished with 34 points, while the Sagehen women’s team finished second with 56 points. Seven of the top 14 runners were CMS athletes, with Abby Johnson SC ’21, Malea Martin CM ‘19, and Natalie Marsh SC ’19 finishing in fourth, fifth, and sixth respectively. Dulcie Jones SC ’21 and Georgia Scherer CM ’20 rounded out the team score, coming in eighth and 11th place. “Our women have a very strong team bond, they work hard together, run for each other, and believe that if they stick with the program, it will yield good results,” said John Goldhammer, CMS cross-country head coach. This year is Goldhammer’s 34th
Missed opportunities and heartbreak: The Dodgers title drought continues
Men’s Water Polo Air Force At CMS 12 p.m.
Women’s Volleyball Cal Lutheran 3 P-P 0 P-P 3 La Verne 1
Women’s Volleyball CMS 3 Chapman 2 CMS 3 La Verne 1
Men’s Water Polo P-P 13 Redlands 4 Cal Baptist 16 P-P 15 P-P 17 Cal Lutheran 7 P-P 15 Princeton 12 Women’s Soccer P-P 2 Chapman 0 P-P 4 Redlands 0 Men’s Cross Country 1st Place at SCIAC Championship Women’s Cross Country 2nd Place at SCIAC Championship Football P-P 24 Chapman 21 Men’s Soccer Chapman 2 P-P 1 Women’s Swim and Dive P-P 159.5 Concordia 137.5 Men’s Swim and Dive P-P 192 Concordia 60
Women’s Swim and Dive UC San Diego 201 CMS 82 Men’s Swim and Dive UC San Diego 176 CMS 116 Men’s Cross Country 3rd Place at SCIAC Championship Women’s Cross Country 1st Place at SCIAC Championship Men’s Water Polo Cal Lutheran 8 CMS 7 Whittier 11 CMS 10 Women’s Soccer Occidental 1 CMS 0 Men’s Soccer CMS 1 Occidental 0 Chapman 1 CMS 0 (SO 5-4) Football CMS 34 Whittier 21
athletics. Although Helen Guo PO ’20 and Lila Cardillo PO ’22 took first and second place overall individually, CMS’s strong depth led them to the team title once again. “For Helen and Lila to go 1-2 on the rest of the conference was impressive,” said Kirk Reynolds, head coach of the P-P women’s team. “We weren’t quite at full strength, so we weren’t able to give the top team as close a race as we would have wanted. We hope to do so at Regionals, and one of our team goals is to secure a team berth to Nationals.” Both the CMS and the P-P men’s and women’s teams will compete in the NCAA West Regionals in Walla Walla, Washington Nov. 10.
Sunday, Nov. 4
season as the head coach of the men’s and women’s CMS crosscountry programs. Goldhammer has led the women’s team to many successful seasons, and for the past nine seasons the Athenas have taken the SCIAC title. “It was a great feeling to be on a team that saw so much success the last four years,” Martin, a senior, said. “All of our hard work really paid off, and that’s always the most rewarding thing about running.” Not only has the CMS women’s cross-country program seen success in recent years, the team has also emerged at the top of the SCIAC podium every season except three since 1994. Goldhammer has won 25 SCIAC championships since he began coaching for CMS
COURTESY OF WIKI COMMONS
Manny Machado underperformed in the World Series, finishing with a .182 batting average.
KELLAN GRANT When the last out of the 2018 MLB season was recorded this past Sunday at Dodger Stadium, there were endless cheers, smiles, and hugs being exchanged all throughout the stadium, but none were to be had or shared by a Los Angeles Dodger. Clayton Kershaw did not pitch well. There were no late inning home runs. The “Boys in Blue” did not rush the field, and most certainly did not celebrate with a parade in downtown LA. In a season that had been so improbable — they played in game 163 to win the division, clawed back from 10 games under .500 early in the season, and landed the not-so phenomenal superstar Manny Machado at the trade deadline — the impossible did not happen. “We’ve played with our backs against the wall all season, here we were again tonight, Game Seven, backs against the wall again, and we found a way to get it done,” Dodgers Manager Dave Roberts told NBC Los Angeles after their Game Seven NLCS win two weeks ago. The Dodgers found themselves even further against the wall this time, squandering a 4-0 lead in Game Four to go down 3-1
to the Boston Red Sox in the series. They didn’t win another game and now enter the offseason 30 years removed from the last time they reached their ultimate goal. The end of each year always brings new questions. Thinking about what could have been has become an unhealthy coping mechanism that Dodgers fans have learned to revisit when the expected end of season disappointment rolls its way in. Nothing should be taken away from the Red Sox fourth championship since breaking the Curse of the Bambino in 2004. They proved to be the better team, but just like on that sad Nov. 1 night in 2017, this World Series will haunt the Dodger faithful with endless what-ifs. What if Rich Hill had stayed in for one more inning in Game Four? What if Kershaw was healthy all season? What if Corey Seager was batting fourth instead of the highly disappointing Machado? Just like every year, the answer to all these questions rings loud and clear: It doesn’t matter. The end of the past two seasons can’t be changed, and all the Dodgers can do is look at what went wrong and try to fix it. As the Dodgers enter the winter, they will need to address a number of holes if they ever figure to win the elusive World Series trophy
again. Most visibly, their bullpen needs to be revamped. When their starters shined with near perfect outings in the World Series, their so called “relievers” did anything but relieve. G a m e T h r e e s a w Wa l k e r Buehler, the rookie ace, take a two hit, 1-0 lead all the way until the end of the seventh, but what happened in the eighth? The $80 million dollar reliever, Kenley Jansen, who has gone from unhittable to mediocre at best, gave up a solo shot to the Red Sox eight-hole hitter Jackie Bradley Jr., which tied the game 1-1. While the Dodgers would actually go on to win this one, their victory was prolonged until the 18th inning, when Max Muncy finally ended a game that really should’ve ended hours before, and only after the bullpen had been taxed an additional nine innings. Game four ’s nightmare was even worse. The Dodgers entered the seventh inning with a 4-0 lead, but after Mitch Moreland’s threerun bomb, barely escaped the inning with the lead. No person should experience the type of pain and disappointment Dodger fans felt in the eighth and ninth. Long story short, Jansen came in and did his thing, giving up a home run in a clutch situation, and when he was taken out to start the final inning, his replacement gave up five more runs to ensure a Dodgers defeat. To say that their bullpen will need help if the Dodgers are to win the World Championship next year is a drastic understatement. Looking past the Dodgers’ bullpen World Series woes, it’s finally possible to examine the problem, or rather problems, behind the plate. The Dodgers’ two catchers combined to go 1-16 in the World Series, and they should undoubtedly look toward an upgrade in the offseason. Could a trade for Marlins All-Star Catcher J.T. Realmuto be in line? Still, while new relievers and improved production behind the plate sounds exciting, it’s not enough. The front office should feel a responsibility to make a big splash in the winter.
If they don’t, why should fans even believe that next year will be any different than the previous two? Bryce Harper will be available for a hefty price, but he’s worth it. Noah Syndergaard, Jacob Degrom, and Madison Bumgarner may be on the trading block. They should try to get one of them. The fans deserve another star (they’ve had to endure two straight World Series losses in the midst of a 30 year drought) and the Dodgers should spare no expense. Notice that Machado’s name is not included above. That was intentional. Andrew Friedman and Farhan Zaidi, please get rid of this bum. Please. To address the elephant in the room, as painful as it is to say, Kershaw is not what he used to be. Or at least, he didn’t appear to be his normal self this year. Kershaw has until 1 p.m. Nov. 2 to decide if he will opt out of the final two years of the contract he signed before the 2014 season. It is widely expected that the Dodgers will work out a new deal with him, possibly tacking on one or two more years to his contract. Despite his most recent struggles, this would be the right move by the team and would be celebrated by their fan base. Kershaw is to the Dodgers as Kobe Bryant is to the Lakers, and when the Dodgers finally do win that last game of the season, it will be much sweeter to celebrate with No. 22. It would not be the same without him. Despite a second straight World Series loss, the Dodgers have a lot to look forward to. Next year they will be the favorites to take the National League West Division for a seventh straight time, and maybe, just maybe, another World Series clinching celebration will take place at Dodger Stadium. Only this time, it will be their own. In the meantime, Vin Scully summed it up best in his farewell speech a couple years ago: “There will be a new day, and eventually a new year. And when the upcoming winter gives way to spring, rest assured it will be time for Dodger baseball.” Yes, it will, Vin. Yes it will.
SPORTS NOVEMBER 2, 2018
Sagehen women’s soccer headed to SCIAC championship
IAN POVEDA • THE STUDENT LIFE
Megan Kuo PO ’20 makes a run during the Sagehens’ defeat of Redlands Oct. 31.
NOAH SHAPIRO The Sagehen women’s soccer team (13-3-2, 9-3-2 SCIAC) put on an impressive performance Wednesday, picking up a 4-0 statement win over Redlands to seal a spot in the SCIAC Championship. Peri Cuppens PO ’19 scored twice, including a goal just three minutes into the game, which allowed Pomona-Pitzer to play with a lead all afternoon. Helena Robinowitz PO ’22 scored midway through the
THE STUDENT LIFE
second to put the Sagehens up 3-0, her third straight contest with a goal. The Sagehens will now host Occidental in the SCIAC Championship Nov. 3. The Tigers finished first in the conference, and beat the Sagehens 1-0 when the two teams met Oct. 3. However, P-P has only lost once in the month separating the two matchups, and will look to carry their momentum into the weekend and avenge last year’s conference championship game loss to Whittier.
Athena volleyball continues to dominate NOAH SHAPIRO The Claremont-MuddScripps women’s volleyball team (25-3, 15-1 SCIAC) extended their winning streak to eight on Thursday with a hard-fought 3-1 victory over La Verne in the conference semifinal. After CMS took the first set easily, the Leopards turned things around, winning the second set 25-23 to tie the match at one. The Athenas then rebounded in the third, winning 25-20, and pulling within one set of taking the match. Up 24-22 in the fourth, CMS needed one more point to end the Leopards season, but couldn’t finish, surrendering three straight points. Suddenly, the Leopards were a point away from forcing a decisive fifth set. La Verne had three chances to send it to the fifth, but CMS responded every time with kills from Jackie Jones CM ’22, Regan Dinovitz CM ’21 and Amanda Walker SC ’20. With the match tied at 27, CMS picked up a kill by Lucila Grinspan HM ’21, and then capped off the victory
with a block by Melanie Moore CM ‘21, who picked up another match-ending point. Cal Lutheran, the only conference team to defeat the Athenas in the regular season, will travel to Claremont for the SCIAC Championship game. The Regals and Athenas will face off at 6 p.m. Saturday.
Stag soccer falls to Chapman in shootout KELLAN GRANT The Claremont-Mudd-Scripps men’s soccer team suffered a heartbreaking loss Thursday to the Chapman Panthers, falling in penalty kicks 5-4 in the SCIAC semifinal. The game was a thriller, with neither side finding a way to crack through the other’s defense in both regulation and overtime combined. Chandler Siemonsma, the Panthers goalkeeper, put his team on his back, saving all five shots on goal before the final overtime
whistle and finding a way to block Aidan Johnson’s CM ’19 penalty kick to ultimately win the game. The Stags had a stellar regular season, finishing first in conference play with a 12-2 record. This type of game represented familiar territory for the CMS defense, which now boasts an impressive .220 goals against average. However, their offense stalled up, and the Stags could not find a way to send themselves to the SCIAC championship Saturday.
TALIA BERNSTEIN • THE STUDENT LIFE
Jackie Jones delivers a spike in the SCIAC semifinal against La Verne Nov. 1.
SANDRA SUBLETTE • THE STUDENT LIFE
Kevin Proudfoot HM ’21 takes a kick during the Stags’ game against Chapman Nov. 1.
P-P SWIM AND DIVE
Ta’s Timeout: Real Sagehens take first win of the season against Concordia Madrid sacks Julen Lopetegui just in time DANNY TA
After just four months in charge, Real Madrid has sacked head coach Julen Lopetegui, following their embarrassing 5-1 defeat at the Camp Nou against their biggest rivals, Barcelona. Soccer fans around the world reasonably expected this to happen sooner or later. Before taking the Real Madrid job, Lopetegui was the manager of the Spanish National Team. Just before the 2018 FIFA World Cup started in June, when the Spanish squad were already in Russia, Lopetegui was announced as the new Real Madrid manager. Lopetegui was immediately let go by the national team, and began to focus on Madrid. The bar that former manager Zinedine Zidane set at Real Madrid was always going to be too high for any manager to meet. In the span of three years, Zidane led the insanely talented club to one Supercopa de España, one La Liga Title, two UEFA Super Cups, two FIFA Club World Cups, and most importantly, three straight UEFA Champions League titles. About a month and a few days after Zidane stunned the football world and stepped down from his managerial position, Real Madrid superstar and five-time Ballon d’Or winner Cristiano Ronaldo signed a four-year contract with Italian giant, Juventus FC. Despite Ronaldo’s departure, Lopetegui entered the job optimistically, hoping that the leadership remaining on the world class side would be enough to carry him to at least half of Zidane’s success. With two World Cup champions, Spanish center back Sergio Ramos and French center back Raphael Varane, serving as the defensive backbone of the European giants, Lopetegui had a good reason to be confident about his team. That’s not to mention that he also had 2018 FIFA World Cup Golden Ball winner Luka Modric and the Golden Glove winner, Belgian keeper Thibaut Courtois. Yet, it was clear from the start that Lopetegui’s desired path to success with Real Madrid was going
to be difficult. His first competitive game in charge was against none other than Spanish giant and Madrid crosstown rival, Atletico Madrid in the UEFA Super Cup, a match played between the winners of the Europa League and the Champions League. The game was tied after 90 minutes with Karim Benzema and Sergio Ramos getting on the scoresheet for Real Madrid. Atletico striker Diego Costa scored twice as well. Extra time proved to be too much for Lopetegui’s tactics as Atletico Madrid scored twice within six minutes to seal the victory in one of the most intense Spanish matchups of the 2018-19 season so far. Things went from bad to worse following the end of September when the defending European champions entered a run of bad form, consisting of losses against Russian side CSKA Moscow in the Champions League, along with Spanish sides Sevilla, Deportivo Alavés and Levante in La Liga. The humiliation against Barcelona, which consisted of a hat-trick by Uruguayan striker Luis Suarez, marked the end of Lopetegui’s managerial term at Real Madrid. The club released an announcement of the decision the day after, also confirming the temporary appointment of Real Madrid B coach, Santiago Solari. Although it is still moderately early in the season, Real Madrid are sitting at ninth place in the La Liga table, in danger of not qualifying for the Champions League for the first time since 1997. Obviously, most football fans expect Real Madrid to turn their season around, but questions are now arising as to who will be their next manager and whether or not they will be able to motivate the players and implement the proper tactics. Tottenham Hotspur’s Mauricio Pochettino, the Belgian National Team’s Roberto Martinez, and exChelsea manager Antonio Conte are among the favorites to take the position. More outlandish but seemingly plausible options include ex-Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger and current Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho. Times are tough at the moment for Madridistas, but at the very least they can appreciate the efficiency of the club in firing Julen Lopetegui while their season is still alive. Only time can tell whether or not the defending European Champions can reassert their superiority in Spain along with the other Spanish giants. MEGHAN JOYCE • THE STUDENT LIFE
ELINOR ASPEGREN • THE STUDENT LIFE
Mackenzie Cummings PO ’19 swims the butterfly in P-P’s home debut Saturday Oct. 27.
PRISCILLA JIN The Pomona-Pitzer men’s and women’s swim and dive teams took their first victories of the season Oct. 27, taking down the Concordia Eagles in their home opener at Haldeman Pool. The women’s team captured a narrow victory in the meet, winning 159.5-137.5, while the men won 192-60. It was a promising start to the 2018-19 season, in which both teams enter as defending SCIAC champions. The Sagehen men started strong, with three of their relay teams taking first, second, and third place respectively in the opening 400-yard medley relay. Their top team in the event — comprised of Jason Lu PO ’22, Nick Lewis PO ’19, Greg Havton
PZ ’21, and Lukas Ming Menkhoff PO ’21 — won the event at 3:30.50. The second team finished second at 3:35.04, while the third clocked in at 3:40.47, nearly two seconds faster than Concordia’s fastest group. Following that momentum, the men continued to succeed throughout the meet. Kundu took first place in the 50-yard backstroke at a 24.53, followed by Lu who finished second with 25.19. Menkhoff, who won the NCAA Championship in the 100-yard breastroke last year, took first in the 50-yard breaststroke at 26.55. He was followed by Koerner at 27.12. The women’s team took first place in six events of their own. Angela Ling PO ’19 finished first in the 50-yard backstroke with a time of 27.27 followed by Allison
P-P Athlete of the Week
Liu PO ’21, who finished in 29.32. Alexandra Gill PO ‘22, one of the newcomers with a strong performance this weekend, finished first in 50-yard backstroke with a time of 30.52. “Across the board, my times this weekend were very close to my personal best times, so I feel like I’m on track to do well this season,” Gill said. “As a team, we have a lot of hard work and training ahead of us.” On the diving team, Benjamin Willet PO ‘22 won the 1-meter competition with 288.20 points. Emma van der Veen PO’ 19 shone in the 3-meter dive with 244.95 points. Despite the strong start to the season, head coach Jean-Paul Gowdy is focused on the meets ahead. “We try not to use early season
meets as a predictor,” he said. “Swimming is a very end-of-season sport. We define a lot of team success on how things go at the end of the year. I thought we did a good job of building towards the end of the year where everything comes together.” While Gowdy cares deeply about the end of the season and ultimately having both teams repeat their conference titles, he said, for now, the teams are focused on the present. “We are really proud of how we did last year; that took a lot of hard work and a great team,” he said. “We have the ability to do that again, but I don’t want to begin to think about whether we get to the same level. We try to focus on what’s important at this time of year, and if we do that well, I think things will come together.”
CMS Athlete of the Week
Women’s Soccer Sarah Jones
Football Garrett Cheadle HM ‘20 Portland, Oregon
PO ‘19 Clackamas, Oregon Jones was named the women’s soccer SCIAC Athlete of the Year this week, after an impressive season on defense for the Sagehens. Jones is a center defender for the team, and has been an instrumental piece for the team as they have gone 9-3-2 in conference play. The Sagehens have shutout 11 opponents, and a large part of that can be attributed to Jones’ efforts. The versatile defender has also scored twice this year and is a threat on set pieces near the goal. The Sagehens won their SCIAC semifinal game against Redlands 4-0 Wednesday and will play for the conference championship Saturday against Occidental.
Cheadle ran for 274 yards and 3 TDs last Saturday, breaking a 31-year CMS record for rushing yards in a single game. The offensive explosion also brought the junior to 1,100 yards rushing on the year, and with two games left in the regular season, he is the first Stag to run for 1,000 yards in a season since 2002. Cheadle’s performance earned him not only SCIAC Offensive Athlete of the Week honors, but one of the two running back spots on D3football.com’s National Team of the Week. Cheadle will continue his impressive season as the Stags look to clinch the conference for the first time since 1987 against Chapman at home Saturday.
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