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LOVELADY (AP) — Surveys b y N a t i o n a l We a t h e r S e r v i c e teams have determined that damaging windstorms that swept parts of East Texas on Sunday were weak tornadoes. One of the tornadoes, which a survey team classified as of EF-1 strength, destroyed three mobile homes in the small East Texas town of Lovelady. The Enhanced Fujita Scale describes an EF-1 as one of 73-113 mph capable of severely damaging outbuildings, tearing the roof from a weak wood-frame house and causing minor damage to a strongly built wood-frame house. Houston County Sheriff ’s Office Chief Deputy G. P. Shearer says one woman was injured in the Sunday afternoon storm when three trees fell on her mobile home. An EF-0 tornado also spun across a highway 2 miles north of Pittsburg, causing billboard and roof damage.

Senators vying for higher posts spar AUSTIN (AP) — A Senate panel’s discussion about how best to overhaul the curriculum and testing procedures for Texas high schools at times felt like a political debate Monday, as a gubernatorial hopeful and two candidates for lieutenant governor shared the spotlight. Tea party-backed state Sen. Dan Patrick of Houston heads the Senate Education Committee but is also the favorite to unseat incumbent Lt. Gov. David Dewhurst and will face him in a runoff for the Republican nomination next month. The winner advances to November’s general election against another committee member, state Sen. Leticia Van de Putte of San Antonio, the Democratic lieutenant gubernatorial nominee. Also in attendance was state Sen. Wendy Davis, a Fort Worth Democrat competing with Republican Attorney General Greg Abbott to succeed Gov. Rick Perry, who is not seeking re-election. A former member of the education committee, Davis has continued to attend its meetings. Last summer, the Texas Legislature overwhelmingly approved new high school graduation standards that scrapped a statewide mandate that most students pass algebra II and other advanced math and science classes.

Heroin use, addiction increasing By KAYLIN MCDERMETT Staff Writer

Heroin usage across the United States is reaching an all time high with the number of people using and becoming addicted to the drug increasing each year. George Comiskey with the Center for the Study of Addiction and Recovery said when it comes to heroin users, the area in which they live plays a large part in student involvement with drugs. “Heroin, along with many others, is a regional type of drug,” he said. “Depending on what region someone is from, there is a higher use. Lubbock tends to not be as high as some of the other areas we see people from.” Heroin availability increased throughout the U.S. largely because of the increase in heroin production and traffickers from Mexico expanding into the eastern and Midwest U.S. markets, according to the Drug Enforcement Agency’s website. The amount of heroin seized each year from the border between the U.S. and Mexico increased 232 percent from 2008 to 2012, which corresponds with increasing levels of production in Mexico, according to the National Seizure System. In 2012, an estimated 669,000 people over the age of 12 admitted to using heroin at least once, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s website. Heroin overdoses and deaths are increasing in certain areas across the country, possibly because of a number

of factors, such as heroin purity, increasing numbers of abusers beginning at a younger age and inexperienced abusers who switch from abusing prescription drugs, according to the DEA’s website. Law enforcement officials in each of the highly affected areas reported an increase in the high-purity heroin available on the street level, which shows an increase in skill in those manufacturing the drug, according to the DEA’s website. According to the DEA, people are beginning to abuse the drug at a younger age. In 2010, the average age new heroin users reported trying the drug was 22.1 years old, which decreased from 21.4 years in 2011. Also contributing to the abuse is a large shift in people from abusing prescription drugs to abusing heroin. Many law enforcement and treatment officials report users claiming to have first abused prescription drugs, but switched to heroin due to a lower price and better high, according to the DEA. Comiskey said drugs like heroin pose a large threat of addiction and affect people who suffer from depression or anxiety. “Heroin is an opiate-based drug,” he said. “It’s for people looking to deaden how they feel. Someone who has a lot of anxiety or depression is at risk for this kind of drug abuse. It makes them feel happier about their life. They usually feel like they just can’t live without it.” Julio Recendiz, a freshman civil engineering major from Dallas, said he was once addicted to heroin, and it all began as a way to cope with hardships



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in his life. “It started when my dad had brain cancer and my mom had thyroid cancer,” he said. “I was fifteen, and that’s when I started experimenting with drugs and heroin was one of them. I didn’t have a figure to take care of me, so I turned to heroin to make me feel happy.” Recendiz said every time he would inject or smoke the drug, he would immediately feel better about his life, and the high would take him to a state of peace.


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“It was just pleasant,” he said. “You could be in the worst place, and it would make you feel great. I felt like I was in paradise, and I ended up getting addicted. If I didn’t have it, I would get body aches and sometimes throw up.” Comiskey said heroin users often have a hard time quitting due to a physiological dependence on the drug and the feelings it gives them. HEROIN continued on Page 2 ➤➤

Perry will not adhere to Prison Rape Elimination Act By KAITLIN BAIN Staff Writer

The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA) requires that the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) carry out a statistical review of the incidence and effects of prison rape for each calendar year, according to the BJS, and then states must take measure to assure that they have sufficient rape prevention programs. Texas Gov. Rick Perry has refused to comply with this act, according to an Associated Press article, because he said the rules were both too costly and an infringement on states’ rights. Jennifer Bard, Texas Tech School of Law professor and professor in the School of Medicine, said governors who do not want to implement the PREA do not have to but will lose 5 percent of the money the

federal government gives states to supplement the expenses of running a prison system. “The issue here is one of federalism: the relationship between the federal PERRY government and the individual states,” she said. “The Prison Rape Elimination Act does not preempt Texas law. Rather, it attaches conditions to receiving funding.” She said a state can challenge conditions placed on funding like the PREA by arguing the funds are compulsory because they cannot turn down the funds they have previously depended on, but it is unlikely this

would pass constitutional review. The unlikely circumstance, she said, is because the PREA only withholds a small portion of funding that goes to states and it could be argued that it is not a large enough contribution to make a noticeable difference. According to the article, Perry is not challenging the conditions placed on funding in the above way, but is instead stating part of the law, which bans cross-gender searches and seeing inmates without clothing, would limit job and promotion opportunities for women prison guards who make up 40 percent of the current population employed by the prisons. “I don’t think this affects women at all,” Deniz Pinkerton, a law student from El Paso said. “Most of the gender restrictions are also placed on men working at female facilities. The other restrictions that could

apply to females only seem to require that male inmates have privacy during showering and the performance of bodily functions, which seems reasonable to me. The only other restrictions focus on LGBT inmates and minors.” According to the article, Perry said Texas prisons already operate under a zero-tolerance policy in regards to sexual violence in prisons, so the substantial operational impact cross-gender supervision would have on the prisons could only be negative. Some prisons in Texas, according to the article, have already begun to take measures to comply with federal rules, despite Perry’s opposition, and have made changes to policies that dictate the treatment and housing of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender inmates. PERRY continued on Page 2 ➤➤

Multicultural show promotes Engineering receives $1M donation from ConocoPhillips acceptance for diversity week

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ConocoPhillips donated $1 million Monday to the Texas Tech Edward E. Whitacre Jr. College of Engineering to create a student recruitment and support center. Because of the donation, the center will be named the ConocoPhillips Center for Engineering Enrichment and Diversity for the next five years, according to a Tech news release. “We are truly grateful for the continued generosity of ConocoPhillips,” Chancellor Kent Hance said in the release. “They have been great corporate partners over the years, and this $1 million gift will further Texas Tech’s commitment to providing the top services and resources for our engineering students to succeed.” The center will increase recruiting efforts as the university aims to diversify the College of Engineering, according to the release. The center will also provide academic support through tutoring, peer mentoring and academic skills training.

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ConocoPhillips prioritizes diversity and inclusion and wanted to incorporate those ideals at Tech, Tom Mathiasmeier, ConocoPhillips president and Tech alumnus, said in the release. HANCE “Our industry’s future success depends on a highly talented, innovative, diverse and technical workforce,” he said. “We’re pleased to continue our longstanding commitment to the Texas Tech engineering program by establishing the ConocoPhillips Center for Engineering Enrichment and Diversity.” ➤➤

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The Most RACES Show on Earth! is a multicultural comedy show, according to TechAnnounce, and it allows audiences to laugh at stereotypes while educating them about diversity. The Texas Tech Cross-Cultural Academic Advancement Center is hosting MRSOE! from 7-9 p.m. today at the Museum of Texas Tech as part of Diversity Week. Ricky Sherfield, the unit coordinator for student engagement and academic success, said the CCAAC has been trying to bring the show to Tech since fall semester. “We originally wanted to do it as a welcome event in the fall,” he said. “We ended up having to postpone the show because of logistics. We felt that Diversity Week was a great opportunity to revisit the idea and to contact those guys and see if they were available.” MRSOE! showcases three comedians

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of different nationalities, according to TechAnnounce, and this show will feature Clayton English, Cory Fernandez and Daniel Tirado. Each comedian will have 15 to 20 minutes for jokes, according to TechAnnounce, and the jokes will focus on race as well as other topics. “We felt we wanted to introduce some of the themes that come up in their shows,” Sherfield said. “Each comedian will have a different message of diversity.” The CCAAC focuses on promoting diversity among students, Sherfield said, and hosts various events and workshops. A few years ago, the CCAAC began the Learning Through Laughter Series, he said, and various comedians have come to Tech in the past.

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APRIL 15, 2014

Students to give back in Arbor Day celebration

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Friday, Texas Tech will be hosting its annual Arbor Day celebration with the mission of bringing students together to celebrate and beautify the campus. Austin Reiter, president of the Tech Activities Board, said the event is similar to Earth Day and students and faculty have the opportunity to give back to the campus. “We are going to have it at Memorial Circle,” Reiter said. “It’s really just a good day to give back.” There will be free food and free T-shirts along with student




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“The drug shuts down all of the major systems in the body,” he said. “These drugs can do some major damage and cause huge biological changes. When you’re looking at recovery, it’s a drug where people are never the same after they use it.” Recendiz said the decision to give up heroin use came after his mother caught him purchasing the drug. “I had been on it for about

organizations planting flowers in order to give back to the university, Reiter said. “Anybody can come up and do it,” he said. “We will have lots of areas to plant flowers, hand out T-shirts and listen to the concert.” Anyone can sign up with a student organization, and they will have a specific flowerbed where they all come together and plant flowers, Reiter said. “It starts at 11 a.m., which is when we will start giving out Tshirts and food and will go until about 3 o’clock,” Reiter said. Arbor Day is a Tech tradition that offers lots of fun to students,

Reiter said. According to the Texas Tech website, Arbor Day is an annual event that provides an opportunity for students, faculty and staff to join together to beautify the Tech campus, build a sense of community and receive recognition. Matthew Martinez, a general member in the Tech Activities Board, will run the Arbor Day event. “Arbor Day is a really fun event for Texas Tech because we get to replant around Memorial Circle and it is fun to be involved with giving back to your campus,” Martinez said. “There is also tons of free stuff

including T-shirts and food.” They will be planting a variety of flowers, which will be provided for the students to plant, Martinez said. “For the majority of the day, you can come and go as you want in between classes,” Martinez said. “It’s really just a fun day for everyone.” Planting alongside fellow students make this event one of the most anticipated activities of the spring, Martinez said. “If you just want to have fun and want to get involved, I would definitely go to Memorial Circle,” Martinez said. “Grab a T-shirt and some free food and help out.”

vulnerable populations even more open to abuse. Texas has a high incidence of sexual violence, and this act would take steps in the right direction.” Outside of the decreased funding Texas will be receiving, other far-reaching implications of Perry’s decisions are still to be

revealed in the coming months, according to the article. Pinkerton said she thinks Perry’s statements have an impact on his proposed 2016 presidential campaign and also carry the possibility of increased lawsuits against the state. “His statements will affect the

election but it will depend on what side of the issues the voter fall,” she said. “Those with a more liberal lean will be horrified and those who are more conservative may believe prisoners don’t deserve heightened protection. We will just have to see.”

three months,” he said. “The thing that got me to change was when my mom caught me. She cried and that’s the thing that killed me. I had even stolen money from her to buy it. She gave me a long lecture, and I started to cry. Then I got help from my family. They watched me and helped me get off of it.” Comiskey said those looking to quit using heroin have a long and hard road to take, but said the community and programs at Tech have made a large impact on how students get help. “It’s a cycle that drives people to a really bad place,” he said. “Unless they have a community and people to support them through the first few days and weeks, it is just too painful for them. Tech has one of the longest existing programs in the country to help users. There’s a lot of support out there in the Tech community, and we just want to help them.” ➤➤





STACY JOCOY, MUSICOLOGY professor at the school of music, writes on the Diversity Week chalkboard Monday in the Student Union Building. Each day this week the chalkboard will have a different question to answer and Monday’s question asked people to write about one way Texas Tech has increased their understanding of diversity.


APRIL 15, 2014



Film to Showcase Immigration Issue


Texas Tech will present the film “Documented” at 8:30 p.m. today in the Lanier Center School of Law, according to an event flier. The film’s pro ducer and director, Jose Antonio Vargas, will attend the film’s screening. Saba Nafees, a graduate mathematics student from Fort Worth and Lahore, Pakistan, and a Tech Student Government Association senator, said she was interested in screening Vargas’ film after he presented previews of the film at Tech.

“Jose Antonio Vargas came to Tech Nov. 1, as part the Open Teaching Student Concept Symposium,” she said. “I wanted him to come and screen the film at Tech, and I mentioned if we would like to do that.” The film will present to the audience the struggles of illegal immigrants in the United States, Nafees said. “The title is self-eliminating,” she said. “It’s about 11 or 12 million undocumented people in the United States,

and Jose Antonio Vargas, the producer and director, is trying to showcase the lives of these people and the lack of initiative of our policy makers.” After the screening of the film, Vargas will discuss his film and answer questions from the audience. An open panel discussion with the director will take place at 9 a.m. Wednesday in the Tech library Formby room located in the Southwest Collection. ➤➤



ROBERT BARRIENTES, A grounds maintenance employee, uses a rake to clear dead tulips out of a flower bed on 15th Street on Monday.

Registration Open for Gaming Tournament Registration for the Ult i m a t e G a m e r To u r n a m e n t hosted by Texas Tech’s video game review show, Heads Up Display, is now open. Registration for one of the six general brackets of the tournament is priced at $10. The Ultimate Gamer bracket of the tournament is priced at $20, according to an event release. Applicants can register for the event online at Carmen Askerneese II, a senior electronic media and communications major from Dallas and creator of Heads Up Display,

said Heads Up Display also will host events around campus to encourage students to register for the tournament. From 3-6 p.m., Heads Up Display will be hosting an event in room 81 in the basement of the College of Media and Communication. “We are going to have some games set up to play in and laptops so people can come by and register for the tournament,” he said. Heads Up Display will also host another registration event from 3-6 p.m. April 23 on the first

floor of the College of Media and Communication building. Winners of the general brackets will receive gift cards to United Supermarkets and movie tickets to the Alamo Drafthouse, according to an event release. The winner of the Ultimate Gamer bracket will receive an Xbox One and a PlayStation four. Proceeds from the event will go towards the Child’s Play charity. The tournament will take place at 11 a.m. May 3 in the United Spirit Arena. Registration ends April 28. ➤➤

Feds charge woman in Hillary Clinton shoe-throw LAS VEGAS (AP) — Federal authorities have lodged two criminal charges against a Phoenix woman accused of throwing a shoe at Hillary Rodham Clinton while she gave a convention speech at a Las Vegas Strip resort. Alison Michelle Ernst, 36, didn’t respond to a phone message Monday about the charges of trespassing and violence against a person in a restricted building, which were filed Sunday in U.S. District Court in Las Vegas. She could face up to a year in federal prison on each charge if she’s convicted. A court date wasn’t immediately set, and it wasn’t clear if Ernst had a lawyer. Las Vegas police booked Ernst last week on a misdemeanor disorderly conduct charge and freed her with a June 24 court date. Charges haven’t been filed in that case. A disorderly conduct conviction could get Ernst up to six months in county jail. Ernst immediately surrendered and was arrested after the incident Thursday in a ballroom at the Mandalay Bay resort. The federal charges accuse her of bypassing security to enter the ballroom and committing a violent act by throwing the shoe that police say she pulled from a purse and hurled about 60 feet toward the former secretary of state. Clinton expressed surprise but wasn’t struck by the shoe. She made

a couple of jokes and continued her speech before more than 1,000 people at a recycling industry conference. An orange-and-black athletic shoe was recovered from the stage. Ernst acknowledged throwing a shoe but didn’t explain her actions to reporters as she was taken into custody by the U.S. Secret Service. The incident reminded some of an Iraqi journalist throwing shoes at former President George W. Bush during a Baghdad news conference

in December 2008. Shoe-throwing is considered an insult in Arab cultures. Clinton has Secret Service protection because former presidents and their spouses are covered for their lifetime, said Brian Spellacy, head of the U.S. Secret Service office in Las Vegas. Clinton, the former first lady and Democratic senator from New York, has been giving paid speeches to industry organizations and Democratic Party groups around the country. She has said she’s considering a presidential bid.

Friday 6: 13 a.m. — A Texas Tech officer arrested a non-student for driving with an invalid license in the Z6-A parking lot after a traffic stop. The non-student was transported to the Lubbock County Jail. 8:30 a.m. — A Tech officer investigated a single vehicle accident in the R-19 parking lot of the Stangel/ Murdough Residence Complex. 10:03 a.m. — A Tech officer investigated theft in Talkington Residence Hall. A Samsung Galaxy phone was taken. 2:33 p.m. — A Tech officer investigated a traffic accident at the 2500 block of Sixth Street. 4:53 p.m. — A Tech officer investigated criminal mischief in the Zone 4-P parking lot. An unknown person slashed a vehicle’s tires.

6:49 p.m. — A Tech officer issued three students Lubbock County citations for possession of drug paraphernalia after a welfare check in the Zone 2-B parking lot. One of the students was also charged and released for possession of marijuana. 1:26 a.m. — A Tech officer arrested a student for public intoxication at the 1600 block of Flint Avenue. The student was transported to the Lubbock County Jail. Saturday 2:36 p.m. — A Tech officer investigated the theft of U.S. Currency from the lobby of Coleman Residence Hall 3:53 p.m. — A Tech officer investigated a traffic accident at the intersection of 18th Street and Hartford Avenue. 10:27 p.m. — A Tech officer investigated a traffic accident in the Robert H. Ewalt Student Recreation Center park-

ing lot. An unattended vehicle was hit. 11:06 p.m. — A Tech officer arrested a student for driving while intoxicated after a traffic stop at the 1200 block of University Avenue. The student was transported to the Lubbock County Jail. 1:45 a.m. — A Tech officer investigated a traffic accident in the Z4-R parking lot. An unattended vehicle was hit. Sunday 2:28 p.m. — A Tech officer investigated a traffic accident in the Z6-A parking lot. 6:10 p.m. — A Tech officer arrested a student for one outstanding Lubbock County Sheriff’s Office warrant following a check on a suspicious vehicle in the Z4-R parking lot. The student was transported to the Lubbock County Jail. Information provided by B.J. Watson of the Texas Tech Police Department.

Senators vying for higher posts spar in hearing AUSTIN (AP) — A Senate panel’s discussion about how best to overhaul the curriculum and testing procedures for Texas high schools at times felt like a political debate Monday, as a gubernatorial hopeful and two candidates for lieutenant governor shared the spotlight. Tea party-backed state Sen. Dan Patrick of Houston heads the Senate Education Committee but is also the favorite to unseat incumbent Lt. Gov. David Dewhurst and will face him in a runoff for the Republican nomination next month. The winner advances

to November’s general election against another committee member, state Sen. Leticia Van de Putte of San Antonio, the Democratic lieutenant gubernatorial nominee. Also in attendance was state Sen. Wendy Davis, a Fort Worth Democrat competing with Republican Attorney General Greg Abbott to succeed Gov. Rick Perry, who is not seeking re-election. A former member of the education committee, Davis has continued to attend its meetings. Last summer, the Texas Legislature overwhelmingly approved new high school graduation standards

that scrapped a statewide mandate that most students pass algebra II and other advanced math and science classes. The goal was to create more flexibility for students who wanted to focus on vocational training for high-paying jobs right after graduation, instead of concentrating on college prep. Lawmakers also cut the number of standardized tests high school students must pass from a nationhigh 15 to five. That move came after Texas adopted a tough new test known as STAAR in 2012 and amid an outcry that the state was “over-testing” its youngsters.

Page 4 Tuesday, April 15, 2014

Opinions Sure Shots


By Luke Watson

Undergraduate research an uphill battle, has benefits for students According to statistical analyses of course enrollment at Texas Tech, less than one percent of undergraduate students are conducting documented research projects. Given recent studies that suggest the benefits of the undergraduate research experience, one would think that more of our students would seek out the opportunity. Why aren’t more of our students involved in research and how come so few are trying to fix it? The answer might be a bit unsettling. The most significant source of resistance may lie in the least expected of places — our very own classrooms. As academic scholars, collegiate educators would never besmirch the value of research to overeager undergrads. H o w e v e r, our faculty members face challenges when attempting to integrate relevant research into already overstuffed curricula. Though professors have long espoused the merits of scholarly investigation, typical curricula continue to lack content that expounds the merits of experimentation. So, the question arises: How can faculty guide students to meaningful research experiences? Many of us are thirsty for a taste of this investigative quest. And the time has come for professors to lead the horse to water. What can faculty do to pro-

vide students with the resources to become engaged? For starters, the classroom presents a unique venue for meaningful student-faculty interactions. Implementing case studies in the curricula may act as an effective means to teach course content alongside the studies that led to their discovery. Such tactics would expose students to the array of methodologies within a given field and provide professors the opportunity to espouse relevant research within their respective departments. However, a novel method of teaching provides another approach for teachers with small class sizes. A few teaching faculty have implemented the flipped, or time-shifted lecture format that has students watch a recording prior to lecture then conduct problemsolving exercises during class time. This pedagogical approach not only improves grades, but also allows professors time to present relevant research to those curious students who yearn for information. However, don’t expect to find this format throughout campus. Recent trials suggest that course flipping only appears to benefit courses with small enrollment. So, if you find yourself in a monstrous lecture hall along with hundreds of others, you may need to pursue on-campus events

The benefits of the research experience are endless.

to find the research experience you crave. A good place to start would be our very own Student Union building. The Tech Undergraduate Research Conference begins today in the SUB Matador Room and concludes Thursday. It will showcase research projects from students across campus from the most basic sciences to the finest arts. If you’re looking to gain exposure to the broad array of fields at Tech, this conference will be a great place to start. The benefits of the research experience are endless. But the know-how to connect with faculty is assuredly the best-kept secret of university resources. Here’s the low-down on research contacts if you feel like contacting the right personnel is an uphill battle. If you’re in the Honors College, email your adviser to discuss the Honors Research Scholars Program. If not, try giving the Center for Active Learning and Undergraduate Engagement a call. A quick Google search will bring up either of these groups in a flash. If all else fails, approach a familiar professor whose class you admire. The least they could do is send you away. But, you never know — that faculty member might just become the author of your graduate school recommendation letter. It never hurts to try, and the experiences you harbor today could make all the difference tomorrow. Philip Jarrett is a junior cell and molecular biology major from Fort Worth.

Supreme Court wrong on political donation case By NOAH M. HORWITZ Daily Texan (U. Texas)

Nearly two weeks ago, the United States Supreme Court ruled, in a closely divided case — McCutcheon v. FEC — that political donors have the right to give a certain amount of money to as many candidates as they like. Previously, federal law had prevented a donor from providing the maximum donation ($2,600 for a candidate, $5,000 to a political action committee and $32,400 to a political party) to more than roughly 19 candidates or 15 PACs. Now, those donors can give those aforementioned individual limits to as many candidates, committees and interest groups as they wish. The 5-4 decision rested upon the assertion that, under the First Amendment, money is tantamount to speech. Using that assumption, Chief Justice John Roberts wrote that, despite its unpopularity, the right to give money to as many politicians as you choose is fundamentally constitutional. Of course, spending money should not be a universal right like worship or speech because not everyone has the pocketbook needed. “Money in politics may, at times, seem repugnant to some, but so too does much of what the First Amendment vigorously protects,” Roberts wrote in a decision joined by the four other justices nominated by Republican presidents. “If the First Amendment protects flag burning, funeral protests, and Nazi parades — despite the profound offense such spectacles cause — it surely protects political campaign speech despite

popular opposition.” The folly in this reasoning, I believe, does not lie with any unpopularity affiliated with the intersection of politics and money. Rather, it rests upon the harmful assumption that spending one’s money is not legally discernible from speaking one’s mind. Strictly speaking, the Supreme Court has believed, to some extent, that the two are intertwined ever since the first case over campaign finance reform, Buckley v. Valeo, way back in 1976. However, in the four years since the Citizens United v. FEC case, which first opened the floodgates of attacks against campaign finance by giving corporations and trade unions the unmitigated right to create independent campaign expenditures (a right only the former has extensively taken advantage of), the idea of money being speech has been indelibly imprinted in the American political landscape as it has taken on a whole new meaning. “[The court’s] conclusion rests upon its own, not a record-based, view of the facts,” said Justice Stephen Breyer, who penned a dissent joined by the three other nominee of Democratic Presidents on the court. “Its legal analysis is faulty.” Breyer added, “If Citizens United opened a door, today’s decision, we fear, will open a floodgate.” Indeed, the fear over excessive money and corruption —inextricably mixed as they are — in the political process is what prompted a need for these regulations in the first place. In the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, Congress first limited

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donations in an effort to combat the impropriety they saw in the previous few elections. The law is supposed to be based on precedent, so, when the court overrules a position it took just 35 years in the past, the assumption is that it is based on a higher moral concept or understanding, such as the spirit of equal protection heralding the Brown v. Board of Education decision that overruled previous cases. In this case, the supposedly higher concept is that speech is money and vice-versa. And, just as our freedom of speech is, with very few exceptions, absolute, the court decided so should be our freedom to donate politically. Of course, while all citizens are ostensibly affected by free speech rights, the same cannot be said here. Fewer than 5 percent of Americans earn enough money to be affected by any type of aggregate contribution limits. Simply put, both a pauper and an heiress would be affected by the right to burn a draft card or give a speech on a soapbox, but only one could ever be affected by limits on political donations. Everyone has a voice, but only some have money. The court’s conservative majority has even admitted that unrestrained campaign finance laws are not an ideal situation; Roberts did this much when he compared this quandary to those of white supremacists and the Westboro Baptist Church. The issue here revolves around the belief that money is speech. If that means only the rich are entitled to a functional right to free speech, I am not looking forward to the results. Copyright © 2014 Texas Tech University Student Media/The Daily Toreador. All DT articles, photographs and artwork are the property of The DT and Student Media and may not be reproduced or published without permission. The Daily Toreador is a designated public forum. Student editors have the authority to make all content decisions without censorship or advance approval. •Breaking News Phone: 806-742-3393, Fax: 806-742-2434 Email: •Corrections Call: 806-742-3393 Policy: The Daily Toreador strives for accuracy and fairness in the reporting of news. If a report is wrong or misleading, a request for a correction or a clarification may be made.

Students leaving traditional political parties By HAYDER ALI

The Daily CoUgar (U. hoUsTon)

A January Gallup poll indicated that a record number of Americans — 42 percent — now identify as independents when it comes to voting and political affiliation. College students are no exception. The last few years have seen the rise of movements, such as Occupy Wall Street, that explicitly refuse to align themselves with either of the two major parties. More young people are looking for alternatives that might finally put an end to the back-and-forth game that is played out in much the same way every four years between the Democrats and the Republicans. At the University, alternative groups such as Young Americans for Liberty and the International Socialist Organization are seeing a rise in activity. This trend is encouraging, and the reasons for it varied and complex. Political clubs and associations at UH are witnessing the rise of independent political thought. These groups are providing college students with alternative visions for the future. It has become fashionable to stress independence from mainstream politics as a selling point for political organizations. The perception is that the specific concerns of college students — student debt, jobs, opportunities, and savings — are not being addressed under the status quo. An increasing number of people are starting to believe that the two major parties are, at the end of the day, remarkably similar — both are out of touch and neither represents the interests of ordinary Americans. “There is a growing disenfranchised class of people in the United States whose needs are not being met under the status quo,” said creative writing freshman Lena Melinger. “These people are looking for alternative solutions.” This sentiment is shared by many college students. “Alternative solutions should be seriously considered,” said biochemistry senior Jorge Gabitto. “Our generation is willing to consider them.” Not all young people are optimistic about the viability of alternative politics, however. “I can see why people want to vote independent, but our current political system favors two-party politics,” said biochemistry sophomore Chloe Ng. ”It’s going to be very difficult to achieve a breakthrough.” Other students see opportunities for serious change under the status quo. •Publishing information Periodical Postage paid by The Daily Toreador, Media and Communication building, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, 79409. Publication number: 766480. The DT is a student newspaper published Monday through Friday, September through May; Tuesdays and Fridays June through August, except during university examination and vacation periods. The DT is funded primarily through advertising revenues generated by the student sales staff with free campus distribution resulting from student service fees. •Subscriptions Call: 806-742-3388 Subscription Rates: $150 annually; single issues: $1. Postmaster: send address changes to The Daily Toreador, Box 43081 Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409.

“We can try to work with what we have now and change the parties from the inside,” said engineering freshman Tom Nguyen. Dissatisfaction with the current system should not be surprising. Youth unemployment is on the rise, and where jobs are found, they are rarely satisfactory. In fact, most of the jobs being added to the economy are low-wage, part-time or both. Economic recovery remains elusive for the average American. The student loan crisis is widening. Immigration reform has seen no breakthrough despite years of debate in Washington, D.C. In addition, military adventures overseas continue despite overwhelming opposition here at home. It is not unfair to suggest that President Barack Obama has disappointed the youth. Many young Americans are now disillusioned with an administration that is hardly different from the administration before it. Serious problems demand serious solutions, and it is becoming clear to more young Americans that our current representatives offer none. Viable alternatives have been few and far between. The biggest contemporary examples of spontaneous political mobilization — Occupy and the Tea Party movement — ultimately fizzled out and provided no infrastructure sufficient to challenge the status quo. Hope should not be lost, however, as it is possible and probable that these and other movements will only grow in size and strength as our generation gets into its prime. Political clubs and associations at the University — like right-wing libertarian activist group the YAL and socialist group the ISO — are witnessing firsthand the rise of inde-

pendent political thought. Two major factions seem to be competing for the hearts and minds of the youth — the more-right-thanmainstream, embodied by the Libertarian Party and various thinktanks and organizations, and the more-left-thanmainstream, which has seen a surge of support in recent years with the success of Occupy Wall Street and smaller anticapitalist and socialist groups in local elections across the country — think socialist Seattle City Council member Kshama Sawant. Both camps have seen a surge in activity over the last few years. In fact, according to a 2011 Pew Research Center poll, more young people have a positive view of the word “socialism” than ever before — 49 percent of Americans ages 18 to 29 — while the word “capitalism” is seen in an increasingly negative light, with only 46 percent of young Americans reporting a positive view. In general, the massive inequality, aggressive foreign policy and oppressive social policies which characterized 20th-century politics are anathema to the millennial generation, which is now coming into its prime. It is important to note, however, that while many people agree that the backand-forth game between the donkeys and the elephants needs to come to an end, they might not agree on anything else. The two emerging camps — rightlibertarianism and 21st-century socialism — are incompatible and directly at odds. Polarization will probably increase in the coming years and decades. More and more people are becoming convinced, to a greater or lesser extent, that radical change, not piecemeal reform, is needed to fix the most pressing problems of our society.

Got Opinions? The DT is looking for columnists. Apply online at or send questions to •Letters The Daily Toreador welcomes letters from readers. Letters must be no longer than 300 words and must include the author’s name, signature, phone number, Social Security number and a description of university affiliation. Students should include year in school, major and hometown. We reserve the right to edit letters. Anonymous letters will not be accepted for publication. All letters will be verified before they are published. Letters can be emailed to dailytoreador@ or brought to 180 Media and Communication. Letters should be sent in before 3 p.m. to ensure the editors have enough time to verify and edit the submission. •Guest Columns The Daily Toreador accepts submissions of unsolicited guest columns. While we cannot acknowledge receipt of

all columns, the authors of those selected for publication will be notified. Guest columns should be no longer than 650 words in length and on a topic of relevance to the university community. Guest columns are also edited and follow the same guidelines for letters as far as identification and submittal. •Unsigned Editorials appearing on this page represent the opinion of The Daily Toreador. All other columns, letters and artwork represent the opinions of their authors and are not necessarily representative of the editorial board, Texas Tech University, its employees, its student body or the Board of Regents. The Daily Toreador is independent of the College of Media and Communication. Responsibility for the editorial content of the newspaper lies with the student editors.

La Vida

CALUE to host research conference By TAYLOR PEACE Staff Writer

The Center of Active Learning and Undergraduate Engagement is helping undergraduates and alumni come together for the second Undergraduate Research Conference. The URC is a campus-wide event presenting undergraduate research, creative learning and scholarship opportunities and will be held Tuesday through Thursday in the Student Union building. Erin Justyna, assistant director of CALUE, said the URC is an event where students can put in abstracts of their majors to present for scholarship opportunities, and there will be alumni judging the students based on their knowledge and hard work. “Any student has a huge chance to win an award,” Justyna said. “It is mostly based on their knowledge of the field rather than the technical work itself.” She said most of the students have been working with a mentor year round researching their majors and setting up for this conference. They have been writing pieces for the URC based on their knowledge and findings, on top of making posters to put on display and practicing their presentations. “Judges will give out awards to the highest scoring presentations,” Justyna said. “It’s not so much on how the poster looks or how they represent, but how the students explain and relay their message to the audience. If they can prove they know what they are talking about in a clear way, then they have a better chance at winning.” This year, the URC has tried to expand and encourage outside traditional majors to come and participate, she said. For example, humanities and performing arts will be in the program this year, and there will be art on display throughout the conference, Justyna said. “Having these visual arts on display is completely new, but we are excited for it,” she said. “We wanted to give students in every major a chance to be a part of this experience.” URC has also expanded their social

network by making a guidebook for the conference as well as implementing students and teachers to use their hashtag, #tturc14. This helps participants see all the sessions created along with times and locations of the events. “We want the URC to be even more of a success than last year, so we figured using more social media would help spread the word,” Justyna said. Justyna said she hopes it will be beneficial for the students because it enables them to stand in front of an audience and practice what they have been learning the whole time they have been in school. “Sometimes undergraduates don’t get the same opportunities to present in front of big crowds like graduate students do,” Justyna said, “so we hope this will help prepare our undergraduates in the long run.” Julie Isom, associate director of the science education program, said their undergraduate research scholars had a program, which started in 1997, called Research Days. It was a service project for these students to implement their own research for each of their majors, Isom said, but after many years, it partnered with CALUE. “We are so thankful to be partnered with CALUE now, ” she said. “These students back in 1997 wanted to expand Research Days as much as they could and CALUE gave them the opportunity to do so.” Now CALUE is university wide, Isom said. It has been a dream come true for Tech to evolve this research program into what it is today, she said. “What we love to do is show the

world, especially the undergraduate students, that research is one of the most powerful learning tools they can practice,” Isom said. “Research is what is happening now, and that’s why the URC is here to focus on that aspect.” She said she is looking forward to the alumni participating in the URC, because it gives them and the undergraduates a feel of what Tech is all about. Having the alumni take time off time to come help their university opens the students’ eyes to what they should do for their school when they graduate, Isom said. “Tech’s alumni are very engaged with their active undergrads in ways most universities aren’t,” she said. “We appreciate how they are all about the students and about wanting to give back to their university. They deserve the most acknowledgment out of everyone.” Jesus Cano, a senior mechanical engineering major from El Paso, said he

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cording to TechAnnounce, and they will answer questions and discuss their views on race and comedy. CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 Overall MRSOE! aims to show“Our office is invested in hold- case comedy with a purpose, acing events around campus to raise cording to TechAnnounce, which awareness for diversity and inclu- promotes a deeper understanding of siveness,” Sherfield said. “We want people with different backgrounds. to show that comedy is a tool for “We’re always looking for difdiversity.” ferent ways to reach our students,” The Tech comedy group Flying Sherfield said. “A comedy show is Tortillas will perform in the event as an interesting event we wanted to well, according to TechAnnounce, provide this year. We wanted to have and the event is free for Tech stu- a special event that allowed students dents. to take a break from their classes and After the show, the comedians laugh together.” will be available for discussions, ac- ➤➤


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is involved with URC through CALUE and Center for the Integration of STEM Education and Research. Cano said this will be his first time participating in the URC, and he is excited to present his research topic to the judges. “It’s going to be a great chance for me to inform people who have no clue about my field,” Cano said. He said students should not focus on being nervous when practicing their presentations for the URC. If someone is nervous, he or she needs to relax, breathe and remember they are the experts on their topics, he said. “They need to be confident in what they are presenting because they are the ones that know the project the best,” Cano said. “Anybody who comes out and enjoys the URC will be in for a great time.”

Page 5 Tuesday, April 15, 2014

Please check your ad carefully on the first day of publication and notify The Daily Toreador of any errors. We are only responsible for the first day’s incorrect insertion.

Placing Your Ad



Classified Line Ads: Placed and paid for by 11 a.m. one day in advance. Classified Display Ads: 4 p.m. three days in advance. Please call for rates for display advertising.

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PART TIME babysitter/ nanny needed. 10 hours a week. 698‑0818. 790‑8446.

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PART TIME Route Driver and a part time Mail Clerk needed to work Monday ‑ Friday 1:00 pm to 6:00 pm. Apply in person at Plains Presort Ser‑ vices 1418 Crickets Ave.


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Page 6 Tuesday, April 15, 2014


Boston sports teams helped city recover A

year ago today, the Boston Marathon quickly turned into a tragedy as two bombs went off near the finish line, taking three lives and injuring an estimated 263 people. To help them through the aftermath, the citizens of Boston looked to their sports teams. The Boston Marathon has been run since 1897 and is hosted on the third Monday in April every year. Around the city of Boston, the race is not just a marathon; it is a holiday. While only elite runners compete in the race, thousands of people gather to cheer on and celebrate the runners’ accomplishments. In the 2013 marathon, around 2:45 p.m., a few spectators and reporters with handheld cameras caught the first bomb going off

Jeremy Krakosky near the finish line and saw the celebratory scene quickly turn to panic. Twelve seconds later, the second bomb went off not far from the previous explosion. The spirit and psyche of the city of Boston, as well as the entire country, was shaken. While Boston police immediately started a search for the suspects, all pro sporting events for that night were cancelled or postponed. The identity of Boston is often closely tied to its four historyrich professional sports teams:

The Bruins, Celtics, Patriots and the Red Sox. All of these teams quickly reached out to the city of Boston to help in any way they could. Los Angeles Clippers coach Doc Rivers was the coach of the Celtics at the time, and he said sporting events were the best way to restore the spirit of Boston, according to a SportsCenter featured film. “We needed to be together, we needed a gigantic church. We needed a gathering and a gathering that brings people together,” Rivers said. “Sports are the biggest venues to do that.” Three days after the marathon, while the search continued for the suspects, the first professional sporting event post-marathon was a Boston Bruins game at The TD Bank Garden.

Many fans have reminisced about how high the emotions were before the game. The majority of the fans in the arena joined in the singing of the StarSpangled Banner. The Boston Red Sox, possibly the most loved team in the city, was scheduled for a three-game series on the road in the days following the bombings. The players showed their support for the city by wearing jerseys with the numbers 617, the area code where the bombs went off, and the words “Boston Strong” on their backs. The phrase “Boston Strong” suddenly appeared all over Boston and stuck with the Red Sox for the rest of the season. By the time the Red Sox returned to their city, one of the bombers had been killed and the

other had been caught. The city’s first responders were honored in a ceremony before the game. Once again, emotions for the fans and players were high. The Red Sox’s long time leader, designated hitter David Ortiz, showed raw emotion and passion when he spoke to the crowd at the end of the ceremony. “Nobody is going to dictate our freedom,” Ortiz said. “Stay strong.” Ortiz’s message quickly became a famous quote around the nation. Survivors of the marathon that had been injured in the attack threw out the first pitch at Red Sox games throughout the season following the tragedy. The fans and players used the sporting events as a time of healing. Each professional Boston team

Gutierrez earns conference award The Big 12 Conference released its weekly awards Monday, and a Red Raider was on the list. Texas Tech sophomore first baseman Eric Gutierrez was named the Big 12 Player of the Week for last week, according to a news release from Tech Athletics. Gutierrez is at the top of several offensive categories for the Red Raiders, according to the release, including batting average, doubles and RBIs.

Gutierrez also hit his sixth home run of the season last weekend. The first Tech player to earn the honor since 2011, Gutierrez batted .455 in the three-game series against Kansas State during the weekend, according to the release, and extended his hitting streak to 13 games. The Red Raiders were rewarded as a team as well for their performance throughout last week, staying ranked in national polls for the

raised millions of dollars to support those hurt by the bombings. The Red Sox would go on to win the 2013 World Series. After winning, Ortiz said the team did it for everyone affected by the bombings. All of this goes to show that sports can be more than a game, more than just wins and losses. For Boston, sports helped to restore its soul and strength after the attack. Professional sports were the consistent events to bring people together and bring them joy, away from the tragedy of the marathon. After ceremonies scheduled in Boston today, the 2014 marathon will be hosted Monday. Krakosky is a sophomore marketing major from Red Oak. ➤➤


ninth straight week. In the USA Today Coaches’ Poll, Tech moved up to the No. 24 spot and rose to No. 25 in the National Collegiate Baseball Writer’s Association Poll. The Red Raiders will host a midweek game at 2 p.m. today at Dan Law Field against Dallas Baptist before taking on Prairie View A&M April 17-19, also at home. ➤➤

Ducks’ G Hiller dismayed by pre-playoff benching ANAHEIM, Calif. (AP) — A mere three weeks ago, Jonas Hiller was gearing up for the playoffs during another strong season as the Anaheim Ducks’

starting goalie. After a few poor starts got him benched to end the regular season, Hiller now appears to be the top-seeded Ducks’ last

resort in net in the first round against Dallas. The Swiss Olympian is trying to stay positive for his teammates, but Hiller is undeniably dismayed.


STUDENTS PLAY BASKETBALL Monday inside the Robert H. Ewalt Student Recreation Center.

Rangers’ 3B Adrian Beltre did not want to go on DL ARLINGTON, Texas (AP) — Adrian Beltre was hoping to get back in the lineup for the Texas Rangers this week before being told he was going on the disabled list instead

because of a strained left quadriceps muscle. “I did not agree with the decision. It was out of my hands,” Beltre said Monday, a day after the DL move


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was made. “Obviously the medical staff and the front office thought it was best. ... I have no say over that.” The Rangers are being cautious, and the 35-year-old third baseman even acknowledged that the move was “probably smart.” Beltre said he was ready to try to play Tuesday night in the second game of the home series against Seattle. He played five seasons for the Mariners before joining the Rangers as a free agent before the 2011 season. After coming out of a game at Boston last Tuesday, Beltre returned to Texas for a medical exam and an MRI. With the disabled list move retroactive to Wednesday, the earliest he will be eligible to be activated is April 24, an off day for the Rangers. Even while dealing with hamstring issues most of last season, Beltre played 161 games. His last DL stint was for five weeks late in the 2011 season because of a left hamstring strain. Beltre said he was planning to manage the quad issue like he did with the hamstring last season, and is used to not being 100 percent healthy. “But this is a different injury than I’m used to,” he said. “There was nothing I could say because the decision was already made.” Manager Ron Washington said it was a tough decision, but that the team is hopeful that the extra time for Beltre now will be beneficial for the third baseman and the team as the season progresses. General manager Jon Daniels had indicated over the weekend that the Rangers were leaning to putting Beltre on the disabled list. Beltre went through a workout with no issues Saturday, but he wasn’t able to get on the field for another scheduled session Sunday because of poor weather. The Rangers announced just before Sunday’s game the DL move for Beltre that created a spot on the roster for newly acquired righthander Hector Noesi.


The Daily Toreador

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